?INOEOOO CAIEA?IANOAA

OE?A?INUeEA AEAAeAI?ss AA?A?IEO IAOE

?INOEOOO CAIEA?IANOAA

OE?A?INUeEA AEAAeAI?ss AA?A?IEO IAOE

Iinaiei TH??e Ieoaeeiae/

OAeE 633.31: 631.52

IAEOA?II?IAeOEOEAI?NOUe ETHOeA?IE IIN?AII?, ?? AAIAOE*IA I?E?IAeA OA
CIA*AIIss A NAEAEOe?? NI?O?A C AENIEITH IAN?II?AITH I?IAeOEOEAI?NOTH

Niaoe?aeuei?noue: 06.01.05- naeaeoe?y oa ian?iieoeoai

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa

n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe

EE?A 1999 ?.

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioo aeeiiaii a a?aeae?e? aaiaoeee oa naeaeoe?? ei?iiaeo eoeueoo?
?inoeoooo caiea?ianoaa OAAI a 1993-1998??.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:

aeieoi? a?ieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eii aaiaoeee oa
naeaeoe?? ei?iiaeo eoeueoo? ?inoeoooo caiea?ianoaa OAAI

AIAA? Aiaoie?e Oaaei?iae/

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: i?ioani?, aeieoi? n..-a. iaoe, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e
naeaeoe?? oa ian?iieoeoaa Oa?niinueeiai n.-a. ?inoeoooo ?i. Oeth?oie
AEA??IIA Aaea??e ?aaiiae/

eaiaeeaeao n.-a. iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee *a?i?a?anueei?
iaeanii? aeine?aeii? noaioe??

AIAEAIEI Aiaoie?e ?aaiiae/

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Iieoaanueeee n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeee ?inoeooo

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 15 “ /a?aiy 1999 ?. i 10.00 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 27.361.01 i?e ?inoeooo?
caiea?ianoaa OAAI.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo
caiea?ianoaa OAAI.

A?aeaoee ia aaoi?aoa?ao o aeaio i?ei??ieeao, caa??aieo ia/aoeith,
i?ineii iaaeneeaoe ca aae?anith: Oe?a?ia, 255205. nio. *aaaie
Ee?ai-Nayoioeinueeiai ?aeiio Ee?anueei? iaeano?, ?inoeooo caiea?ianoaa
OAAI, a/aiiio nae?aoa?aa? Niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/eii? ?aaee.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 14 “ o?aaiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

Niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

E?AA*AIEI E.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Ethoea?ia iin?aia (Medicago sativa ) ? oe?iiith
ei?iiaith eoeueoo?ith, ye?e a?aeaiaeeoueny aaeeea cia/aiiy a ae??oaii?
i?iaeaie iie?auaiiy ei?iiai? aace eieaeoeaiiai oa i?eaaoiiai
oaa?eiieoeoaa, a oiio /ene? ca?eueoaiiy ai?noo i?ioa?io a ei?iao.

Iniiaiith i?e/eiith, yea no?eio? ?icoe?aiiy ieiu caeiyoeo ethoea?iith, ?
iecueea oa ianoaa?eueia ian?ii?aa i?iaeoeoeai?noue ?aeiiiaaieo ni?o?a.
Aieiaiith i?e/eiith oeueiai ? iaaeinoaoiy caaacia/ai?noue eiiaoaie
-caieethaa/aie.A?aoiaoth/e oea, aeey noai?aiiy ni?o?a ethoea?ie c
aenieith ian?ii?aith i?iaeoeoeai?noth cai?iiiiiaaii aeueoa?iaoeaiee oeyo
-aeei?enoaiiy aaoiaai??. Aeey ia?aaiaeo oeiiaiai ia?ao?anieea, yeei ?
ethoea?ia ia naiicaieeaiiy. a ia?oo /a?ao, iaiao?aeii aeae?eeoe /e
noai?eoe oi?ie c aenieei ??aiai naiinoi?niino? ( caeaoiino? caa’ycoaaoe
ian?iiy i?e naiicaieeaii? a aooii?, aai ea?oiee yeeo iaee a eaaea
?ice?eooy oa caeaoi?noue caieethaaoenue iaaeiiinieie aaeaeieaie. Oi?ie c
eaaeei ?ice?eooyi ea?oie iiaeii? iaoe aenieo iaeoa?ii?iaeoeoeai?noue
aeey ca?eueoaiiy a?aea?aeoaaiiy ea?oee aeiiaoi?ie iaaeiiinieie
aaeaeieaie, ui aeaco? ia aeooaeuei?noue ? aeioe?euei?noue ?iaioe.

Iaoa oa caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue. Iaoith iaoeo aeine?aeaeaiue aoei
aeine?aeaeaiiy iciaee «iaeoa?ii?iaeoeoeai?noue ?ineeie” ethoea?ie
iin?aii?, ?? aaiaoe/ii? i?e?iaee oa iiaeeeainoae aeei?enoaiiy a
naeaeoe?? ni?o?a c aenieei ieiaeiooai?aiiyi a oiiaao iaaeinoaoiueiai
aaeaeieicaieeaiiy. Aeey ae??oaiiy oeueiai aoee iinoaaeai? oae?
caaaeaiiy:

Oaeineiiaeeoe iaoiaeeeo aecia/aiiy iaeoa?ii?iaeoeoeaiino? ?ineeie
ethoea?ie iin?aii?.

Aea/eoe i?ieea?noue iciaee «iaeoa?ii?iaeoeoeai?noue ?ineeie” ia
naiioa?oeeueieo oi?iao ethoea?ie iin?aii?.

I?iaiae?coaaaoe aeine?aeaeoaaio iiioeyoe?th ca ?ioeie i?yieie oa
iiina?aaeeiaaieie iciaeaie ian?ii?ai? i?iaeoeoeaiino?, anoaiiaeoe
o?niioo ca’yceo ?o c iaeoa?ii?iaeoeoeai?noth ?ineeie.

Aea/eoe aaiaoe/io no?oeoo?o iciaee «iaeoa?ii?iaeoeoeai?noue ?ineeie” oa
??aiy nii??aeiaiino? a aaiaoe/i?e no?oeoo?? oe??? iciaee c ?ioeie
iciaeaie ? anoaiiaeoe iiaeeea? oeyoe aeei?enoaiiy a naeaeoe?? ia
iie?auaiiy ian?ii?ai? i?iaeoeoeaiino?.

Aecia/eoe aeiiii?/io aoaeoeai?noue noai?aiiy ni?o?a ethoea?ie c
iie?auaieie iciaeaie iaeoa?ii?iaeoeoeaiino? ? ian?ii?ai?
i?iaeoeoeaiino?.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a. A ?acoeueoao? aeine?aeaeaiue
oaeineiiaeaii iaoiaeeeo ianiaiai aiae?co ?ineei ethoea?ie ca iciaeith
«iaeoa?ii?iaeoeoeai?noue ?ineeie”. Ia iniia? aaiaoe/iiai aiae?co c
aeei?enoaiiyi iaoiaeeee Aeae?iena-Oaeiaia-Aeac??i anoaiiaeaii aaiaoe/io
no?oeoo?o oe??? iciaee, yea iieyaa? a oiio, ui ?? eiio?ieue
cae?enith?oueny aaeeeei /eneii eieon?a ia?aaaaeii c aaeeoeaieie aoaeoaie
ae?? aeaeae a iaaeao eieona. Iieacaii, ui oey iciaea ia? ??ciia?/iee
ei?aeyoe?eii-?aa?an?eiee ca’ycie c ?ioeie i?yieie oa iiina?aaeeiaaieie
iciaeaie ian?ii?ai? i?iaeoeoeaiino?, ye? iathoue nii??aeaio aai
aeecueeo aaiaoe/io no?oeoo?o, /ei noai?ththoueny caaeia?euei?
iiaeeeaino? aeey ia?aeaeueiiai ?o iie?auaiiy naeaeoe?eieie iaoiaeaie.
Anoaiiaeaii nooo?aee aieea aeine?aeaeoaaii? iciaee ia ian?ii?ao
i?iaeoeoeai?noue ethoea?ie, a ooo/ii noai?aia oeyoii ia’?aeiaiiy ?ineei,
a?ae?a?aieo ca oe??th iciaeith iiioeyoe?y ethoea?ie, ia? i?aeaeuaio
ian?ii?ao i?iaeoeoeai?noue ? ?? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy o ae?iaieoeoai ?
aeiiii?/ii aeioe?eueiei.

I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue ?iaioe. I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue ?iaioe iieyaa? o
aeae?eaii? ?ia?aaeieo e?i?e ethoea?ie c aenieei ai?noii iaeoa?o ?
ia?aaaaeii aaeeoeaiei aoaeoii aai?a eiai eiio?ieth, ye? iathoue
naeaeoe?eio oe?ii?noue. Oaeineiiaeaii iaoiaeeeo ianiaiai aiae?co ?ineei
ca oe??th iciaeith a iai?yi? canoinoaaiiy oeaio?eooaoaaiiy ? eiio?ieth
oiia oa?iinoaooaaiiyi ?ineei ia?aae oe??th i?ioeaaeo?ith. Noai?aii
ooo/io iiioeyoe?th — neioaoee ethoea?ie ia iniia? naiioa?oeeueieo
?ineei-eeii?a, a?ae?a?aieo ca iciaeith aeniei? iaeoa?ii?iaeoeoeaiino?,
ui iaea nooo?ao ia?aaaao ia?aae ni?oii noaiaea?oii ca ??aiai ian?ii?ai?
i?iaeoeoeaiino? (i?eaaaea a?iaeath 0.36 oe/aa) ? iiceoeaii oa?aeoa?eco?
aeiiii?/io aeioe?euei?noue noai?aiiy iiioeyoe?e oaeiai oeio.

Aeaeea?aoe?y iniaenoiai aianeo caeiaoaa/a. Iniaenoa o/anoue aeena?oaioa
iieyaaea o i?iaaaeaii? iieueiaeo oa eaai?aoi?ieo aeine?aeaeaiue, aiae?c?
oa ocaaaeueiaii? io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a, o aecia/aii? i?iiiceoe?e aeey
naeaeoe?eii? i?aeoeee ? neeaaea? a?eueoa 60%.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. ?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue
aeiiia?aeaeenue ia eiioa?aioe?yo iieiaeeo a/aieo oa niaoe?ae?no?a
?inoeoooo caiea?ianoaa OAAI (*aaaie, 1993-1995). Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa
?icaeyiooa ia can?aeaii? iaoiaee/ii? eii?n?? c ieoaiue naeaeoe?? oa
ian?iieoeoaa.

Ioae?eaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aoei iaae?oeiaaii 2 oac ? 4 noaoo?, c ieo 3 a
ca??ieeao iaoeiaeo i?aoeue ?C OAAI.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia 134
noi??ieao iaoeiiieno ? aeeth/a? 73 oaaeeoe?, ?ethno?iaaia 4
a?ao?eaie oa 1 iaethieii, neeaaea?oueny c ia?ae?eo oiiaieo iicia/aiue,
anooio, 9 aeaa, aeniiae?a, ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e aeey i?aeoe/ii? naeaeoe?? oa
aeiaeaoe?a.

Nienie aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e aeeth/a? 143 iaeiaioaaiue, a oiio /ene?
77 ?iicaiieie iiaaie.

CI?NO ?IAIOE

?ICAe?E 1. Aaiaoe/i? nenoaie, ye? eiio?ieththoue /e ni?eythoue
(e?euee?nii ? ye?nii) ieiaeiooai?aiith iie?eoiian?iieo ?ineei ? cie?aia
AEAe?A ethoea?ie (iaeyae iaoeiai? e?oa?aoo?e)

Ia iniia? i?iaaaeaiiai aiae?co e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaieo iiaeia eiinoaooaaoe:

Ethoea?ia iaeaaeeoue aei aeae?a c aaiaoe/iith nenoaiith
naiiianoi?niino?, yea caaacia/o? ia?ao?ania caieeaiiy.

Iaeii/anii ethoea?ia ? aioiiio?eueiith eoeueoo?ith, iaoai?ci i?eaaaeaiiy
eiiao-caieethaa/?a yei? aeineoue neeaaeiee ? aeineiiaeee, aeeth/a? ieceo
ia?aeiieo ? aoi?eiieo ao?aeoaio?a, iaeiae ci?ia o?aaeeoe?eiiai a?aaeo
iioe?aiiy i?eaaea aei oiai, ui aiia ao?aoeea o?aaeeoe?eieo ? aeia?a
i?enoiniaaieo eiiao-caieethaa/?a aeeei? oaoie. Aeiiaoiy iaaeiiinia
aaeaeiea, a?aea?aeoth/e ea?oee ethoea?ie, aa?a iaeoa? a ia?aaaaei?e
a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a ia a?aee?eaath/e ea?oeo ? ia i?iaiaey/e
ia?ao?aniiai caieeaiiy. Oeth ooieoe?th caeaoi? aeeiioaaoe eeoa aaeaeiee
aeeei? oaoie.

Aaaaoueia aeine?aeieeaie c?iaeaii cia/i? coneeey, ni?yiiaai? ia
io?eiaiiy aaoiaaiii? ethoea?ie, yea caeaoia ieiaeiiineoe a oiiaao
iaaeinoaoiueiai caaacia/aiiy ?? iin?a?a aioiiioaoiith.

A?aoiaoth/e oea, aeieeei ieoaiiy i?i cia/aiiy ? ?ieue iciaee
“iaeoa?ii?iaeoeoeai?noue ?ineeie” ethoea?ie i?e ?? o?ainoi?iaoe?? a?ae
aeeiaai?? aei aaoiaai??.

Aaiaoe/ia i?e?iaea oe??? iciaee aea/aia iaaeinoaoiuei ? a ca’yceo c oeei
? ia aea/aiei ieoaiiy i?i iiaeeea?noue ? oeyoe ?? iineeaiiy /e
iineaaeaiiy naeaeoe?eiei oeyoii.

?ICAe?E2. OA?AEOA?ENOEEA OIIA I?IAAAeAIIss AeINE?AeAEAIUe, IAOA??AEO OA
AEEI?ENOAIEO IAOIAeEE

Oiiae i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue

Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeenue i?ioyaii 1993-1998 ?ie?a
a Iinoeooo? caiea?ianoaa OAAI, a eiai aeine?aeiiio ainiiaea?noa?»
*aaaie».

A?oioe i?noey i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?ae?a aea?iiai-i?aecieeno? oa oaiii-n???
ii?aecieai? na?aaeiueinoaeeieno?. ?aaeoe?y a?oio?a neaaieenea. Caie?
ainiiaea?noaa ciaoiaeyoueny a cii? iii??ii-aieiaiai ee?iaoo c oaieei ?
aeinoaoiuei aieiaei e?oii ? i’yeith c /anoeie a?aeeeaaie ceiith.

Iiaiaei? oiiae ia??iaeo aeine?aeaeaiue aoee aeineoue ??ciiiai?oieie.
I?ae /an oea?o?iiy ethoea?ie a eeii? i?nyoe? oaiia?aoo?i? oiiae aoee
aeua na?aaeiueiaaaaoi??/ieo -a 1993, 1997 ?ioe?, aeua
na?aaeiueiaaaaoi??/ieo a 1994-1996 ?ieao. I?e oeueiio e?euee?noue
iiaae?a aoea ia ??ai? aaaaoi??/ieo — a 1996 ?ioe?, a?eueoith
na?aaeiueiaaaaoi??/ieo a 1994, 1995 ?ioe?.

Oa?aeoa?enoeea aeine?aeaeoaaiiai iaoa??aeo

Aeey i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue iciaee “iaeoa?ii?iaeoeoeai?noue
?ineeie“ aeei?enoiaoaaee naeaeoe?eiee ? eieaeoe?eiee iaoa??ae a?aeae?eo
aaiaoeee oa naeaeoe?? ei?iiaeo eoeueoo? ?C OAAI, yeee aeeth/aa ni?oe,
e?i?? c aenieei ??aiai ?ia?eae?iao (?5-?7) i?ino? a?a?eaee oa
ni?oe-neioaoeee ethoea?ie iin?aii?.

I?ioyaii ia??iaeo aeine?aeaeaiue 1993-1996 ?ieao ie i?ioanooaaee 1000
?ineei. Aeine?aeaeoaaee ??aaiue i?iyao iciaee “iaeoa?ii?iaeoeoeai?noue
?ineeie“, ?? i?ieea?noue, ca’ycie c iiaiaei?ie oiiaaie oa iciaeaie
ian?ii?ooai?aiiy. Aeey anoaiiaeaiiy aaiaoe/ii? i?e?iaee iciaee c
aeine?aeaeoaaii? iiioeyoe?? aeae?eeee 3 aenieiiaeoa?i? ?ineeie oa 2
iecueeiiaeoa?i? ?ineeie. Aenieiiaeoa?i? ?ineeie iaee ne?aeoth/a
iioiaeaeaiiy: ?ineeia ?3 -c e?i?? Oa?aen- 35, ?4- c e?i?? I?iaainueea-
25, ?5 — c a?a?eaeo Aa??ea 1oE?oaa?ae?- 27, iecueeiiaeoa?i? iioiaeeee:
?ineeia ?2- c e?i?? Ee?anueea no?ieaoia?a?eaeia-82, ?ineeia ?1- e?i?y,
ui io?eiaia c a?a?eaeo Aa??ea 1o Aanaeiiiaeieyinueea-11 a?ea.

Caeeaaeaiiy naeaeoe?eieo ?icnaaeiee?a, eiieo?niiai ni?oiaei?iaoaaiiy ii
ian?ii?a?e i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?iaiaeeee o a?aeiia?aeiino? c iaoiaeeeaie,
ye? canoiniaothoueny a naeaeoe?eieo onoaiiaao. Iaoaiaoe/iee ia?ia?oie
?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue i?iaiaeeee, aeei?enoiaoth/e iaoiaee
aeenia?n?eiiai oa ei?aeyoe?eii-?aa?an?eiiai aiae?co ca Aeiniaoiaei,
iaoiae aiae?co eiia?iaoe?eieo caeaoiinoae ca A?eo?iaii, Oo?a?iei,
Oioeeaaith, Oa?oo?iith. Aaiaoe/iee aiae?c no?oeoo?e iciae i?iaiaeeee ca
iaoiaeii Aeae?iena -Oaeiaia-Aeac??i.

?ICAe?E 3. ?IC?IAEA IIOEIAEUeII? IAOIAeEEE AECIA*AIIss ICIAEE
“IAEOA?II?IAeOEOEAI?NOUe ?INEEIE”

A?aoiaoth/e iaaeie?ee ?nioth/eo iaoiae?a iaie aoei aea?aii ca iniiao
iaoiae oeaio?eooaoaaiiy. Oeao?eooaoaaiiy i?iaiaeeee i?e oaeaeeino?
oeaio?eooae 3000 ia/oa i?ioyaii aeaio oaeeei ia oeaio?eooc? (Iie-3).
Aeey ciaioaiiy aieeao iiaiaeieo oiia ia aeae?eaiiy iaeoa?o iiia?aaeiuei
a?ae?a?ai? a?ei/ee c nooea?ooyie iaaieo ?ineei aeo?eioaaee a oa?iinoao?
i?e oaiia?aoo?? 260N (iioeiaeueia aeey iaeoa?iaeae?eaiiy ethoea?ie)
i?ioyaii aeiae.

Aeey aiae?c?a a?aeae?aee nooea?ooy c iaea?eueoith e?euee?noth ia
?ice?eoeo ea?oie, c yeeo aeaeaeyee a’ye?, ?ice?eo? ea?oee oa aiae, ui ia
ieo ooai?eeenue, a a?ii/ie eiaeii? ea?oee, yea aoea a noaae?? i?yiiai
ia?ona, c??caee ca aeiiiiiaith eaca ia ??ai? ?icoe?aiiy ea?oeieiaea.
I?eaioiaeai? nooea?ooy o?enoaaee ca aeiiiiiaith aoiiaeo i?iaie o
oeaio?eooaeieo i?ia??eao ? i?iaiaeeee oeao?eooaoaaiiy.

A iiaeaeueoiio aeey a?eueo aeniei? oi/iino? aecia/aiiy oeaio?eooaoaaiee
iaeoa? aeii/oaaany c i?ia??ie iieineaie o?eueo?oaaeueiiai iaia?o (N088,
i’yeee, oe?ieiii?enoee, oaeaeeio?eueo?oth/ee aeey a?oaeo inaae?a)
oe?eiith 5 ii ? ii ieiu? aieiai? /anoeie aecia/aee ia`?i iaeoa?o. A
oeueiio iieyaa? ae?oaa /anoeia oaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiaeo.

?ICAe?E 4. AeINE?AeAEAIIss IIIOEssOe?? ETHOeA?IE CA ICIAEITH
“IAEOA?II?IAeOEOEAI?NOUe ?INEEIE”

?acoeueoaoe aea/aiiy iaeoa?ii?iaeoeoeaiino? ?ineei o aeo?aei?e
iiioeyoe?? iieacaee (oaaeeoey 1), ui ?niothoue aeinoia??i? a?aei?iiino?
ii ??aith iaeoa?ii?iaeoeoeaiino? ye i?ae naeaeoe?eieie iiia?aie, oae ?
ii ?ieao aeine?aeaeaiue. A 1993 ?ioe? noaoenoe/ii aeinoia??ii
ia?aaeuoaaee noaiaea?o (na?aaeiueiiiioeyoe?eia cia/aiiy) 6 naeaeoe?eieo
iiia??a: 6, 9, 10, 12, 15, 17. A 1994 ?ioe? an? naeaeoe?ei? iiia?e, e??i
9, iaee ?noioia cieaeaiiy ??aiy iaeoa?ii?iaeoeoeaiino?. Ie iiynith?ii
oea yaeua aieeaii iiaiaei?o oiia: cia/iith iinooith a o?aai? oa eeii?
i?nyoeyo oa i?aeaeuaiith oaiia?aoo?ith a eeii?.

Aeinoia??ii ia?aaeueee noaiaea?o a 1994 ?ioe? eeoa 3 iiia?e: 9, 15, 17.
A 1995 ?ioe? aiane?aeie aaeeei? e?eueeino? iiaae?a a o?aai? oa /a?ai?
i?nyoe? iieacieee ??aiy iaeoa?ii?iaeoeoeaiino? iaeaea o an?o iiia??a
aoee aeueie, i?ae a 1994 ?ioe?.

Noaoenoe/ii aeinoia??ii ia?aaeuoaaee noaiaea?o 6 iiia??a: 9, 10, 11, 12,
16, 18. Iaiao?aeii a?aei?oeoe ?ia?aaeio e?i?th ? 9 oinoiai iieie?iiy c
oai?nueeiai ni?oo E?oaa?ae?, yea iaea iaeiaioa cieaeaiiy ??aiy
iaeoa?ii?iaeoeoeaiino? ca o?e ?iee, ? yeo iiaeia aeei?enoiaoaaoe a
no?auoaaiiyo ye aenieiiaeoa?io.

A oe?eiio iiaeia a?aei?oeoe, ui ca o?e ?iee aeine?aeaeaiue o aeo?aei?e
iiioeyoe?? niinoa??aaeanue /?oea aeeaa?aaioe?y ia aenieiiaeoa?i?
(e?i??-6, 9, 10, 12, 15, 16, 18) oa iecueeiiaeoa?i? (e?i??-1, 2, 4, 5,
13), ui na?ae/eoue i?i iiaeeeaino? aeiai?o ca oe??th iciaeith ? ??
iie?auaiiy a oo /e ?ioo noi?iio.

Oaaeeoey 1

Iaeoa?ii?iaeoeoeai?noue ?ineei ethoea?ie o aeo?aei?e iiioeyoe??

(1993-1995??.)

naeaeoe?eiee

? E?i?y E?euee?noue ?ineei Iaeoa?ii?iaeoeoeai?noue

(iee/100 ea?oie)

1993 ?. 1994 ?. 1995 ?. na?.

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18 Aeueoa-12

Aeueoa-38

Aeueoa-295

Ai?aaea-47

Aaaa-87

Aa??ea-1

Aa??ea-10

Eeoaa?ae?-16

Eeoaa?ae?-27

I?iaainueea-25

Oa?aen-28

Oa?aen-35

A-1oAI-11a?ea

A-1oE-27

A-10oO-58

A-1oOeeo

Neioaoee»0″

ss?ineaaia 37

34

37

45

33

30

38

32

37

36

37

36

43

36

30

37

31

48

19.69

17.94

28.00

16.33

14.50

35.50

25.73

25.75

34.52

38.25

16.75

32.83

15.75

21.25

39.00

33.5

25.13

31.05 10.75

12.63

12.75

13.82

13.50

16.70

13.64

16.30

28.20

14.57

13.00

14.30

16.44

18.10

26.10

16.40

21.94

13.68 19.83

19.55

20.10

17.98

17.50

25.20

20.00

23.36

30.00

30.95

36.21

33.70

13.00

19.70

19.63

32.45

19.70

35.40 16.76

16.71

20.28

16.04

15.17

25.80

19.79

21.80

30.91

27.92

21.99

26.94

15.06

19.68

28.24

27.45

22.26

26.71

Noaiaea?o (na?aaeiueiiiioeyoe?eia) 26.20 16.30 24.40 22.30

I??0.05 5.77 3.47 5.76

Eiao?oe??io aa??aoe?? iciaee “iaeoa?ii?iaeoeoeai?noue ?ineeie” o
aeo?aei?e iiioeyoe?? neeaaeaa a?ae 23.8 aei 31.6%. Aiae?c aeo?aeii?
iiioeyoe?? ca iciaeith “e?euee?noue ian?iei ia a?a” iieacaa, ui na?aae
?ineei, ye? aeae?eyeenue ye aenieiiaeoa?i? ia?aaeuoaaee noaiaea?o
iiia?e: 9,10,12, 15 oa 16, a ca iciaeith “iana ian?iiy ?ineeie”
ia?aaeuoaaa noaaea?o (ss?ineaaia ) eeoa iiia? 12. Na?aae
iecueeiiaeoa?ieo ?ineei aenieei ??aiai iciaee “e?euee?noue ian?iei ia
a?a” oa?aeoa?ecoaaeenue e?i?? : 1 ? 2, a ca iciaeith “iana ian?iiy
?ineeie” — e?i?? 2 ? 5. Oea aeicaie? ?aooaaoe e?i?th 12 ia?niaeoeaiith
i?e ia?aeaeueiiio iie?auaii? an?o iciae, a e?i?th 2 i?e a?aeai?? ca
iecueeith iaeoa?ii?iaeoeoeai?noth ? aenieei ??aiai iciae ian?ii?ai?
i?iaeoeoeaiino?.

?ICAe?E 5. AeINE?AeAEAIIss E?AEI?O OI?I CA ICIAEITH
“IAEOA?II?IAeOEOEAI?NOUe ?INEEIE” OA ?IOEIE NAEAEOe?EII-Oe?IIEIE
ICIAEAIE

I?ney aiae?co ?acoeueoao?a 1993 ?ieo ca iciaeith
«iaeoa?ii?iaeoeoeai?noue ?ineeie» iaie aoei aeae?eaii ? ia?aianaii
ainaie oeueiai ?ieo ia ?cieueiaai? ae?eyiee 22 aenieiiaeoa?i? ?ineeie ?
17 iecueeiiaeoa?ieo. I?e aea/aii? iaeoa?ii?iaeoeoeaiino? aenieiiaeoa?ieo
?ineei anoaiiaeaii oaeo cieaeaiiy ??aiy iciaee o ieo a caeaaeiino? a?ae
?ieo aeine?aeaeaiue.

Iaeieae/ee ??aaiue iciaee aoa io?eiaiee a 1995 ?ioe?, oiaoi o
iaenoa??oeo ?ineei, i?e/iio oaiaeaioe?y aei cieaeaiiy ??aiy
iaeoa?ii?iaeoeoeaiino? ?c ca?eueoaiiyi a?eo ?ineeie niinoa??aaeanue o
an?o aenieiiaeoa?ieo ?ineei. Ca o?e ?iee aeine?aeaeaiue iaea?eueoa
i?iaeoeoeai?noue iaeoa?o niinoa??aaeanue o iiia??a 4, 7, oa 9. Na?aae
a?a?eae?a aeae?eeany ? 19 Aa??ea-1oE?oaa?ae? 27. Eiao?oe??ioe aa??aoe??
neeaaeaee a?ae 13.92 aei 21.1%.

Aeaui ?io? oaiaeaioe?? niinoa??aaeenue i?e aea/aii?
iaeoa?ii?iaeoeoeaiino? iecueeiiaeoa?ieo oi?i. O ieo aeyaeaia oaiaeaoe?y
aei ca?eueoaiiy ??aiy iaeoa?ii?iaeoeoeaiino? a 1994 oa a 1995 ?ieao
a?aeiinii ?acoeueoao?a 1993 ?ieo, i?e/iio a 1994 ?ioe? oe? iieacieee
aoee iaea?eueoeie. Iaeieae/? iieacieee ca o?e ?iee aeine?aeaeaiue
aeyaeai? a iiia??a: 26, 36 oa 38. Iaea?eueo noaa?eueii ??aaiue iciaee
oo?eioaaany o iiia??a 26 oa 36. Eiao?oe??io aa??aoe?? iciaee o
iecueeiiaeoa?ieo ?ineei ci?ithaaany i?ioyaii ?ie?a aeine?aeaeaiue a?ae
18.96 aei 24.5%.

Ca ?iee aeine?aeaeaiue ie ia aeae?eeee ?ineei, yeei ae ia aoei aeanoeaa
iaeoa?iaeae?eaiiy. Eiao?oe??io iiaoi?thaaiino? iciaee aoa aeineoue
aenieei 0.55.

E??i iciaee “iaeoa?ii?iaeoeoeai?noue ?ineeie”(“II?”) ooo/iinoai?aia
iiioeyoe?y aeniei- oa iecueeiiaeoa?ieo ?ineei aeine?aeaeoaaeanue ca
iciaeaie “e?euee?noue ian?iei ia a?a”(“EIA”), “??aaiue
naiioa?oeeueiino?”(“?NO”), “eaae?noue ?ice?eaaiiy ea?oee”(“E?E”), “iana
ian?iiy ?ineeie”(“II?”). ?acoeueoaoe iieacaee, ui na?aae aenieiiaeoa?ieo
?ineei eeoa iiia? 19 oa?aeoa?ecoaaany aenieei i?iyaii an?o iciae, iiia?
4 iaa aenieee ??aaiue naiioa?oeeueiino? ? aeia?o eaae?noue ?ice?eaaiiy
ea?oee, a iiia? 7- aenie? iieacieee ca “e?euee?noth ian?iei ia a?a” ?
“ianith ian?iiy ?ineeie”. Na?aae iecueeiiaeoa?ieo iiia??a o?eueee iiia?
26 oa?aeoa?ecoaaany ii?aeiaiiyi aenieiai ??aiy an?o iciae ian?ii?ai?
i?iaeoeoeaiino?.

?ineeie, ye? aoee aeae?eai? ye aenieiiaeoa?i? oa iecueeiiaeoa?i?,
ii??aithaaeenue i?ae niaith iaoiaeii ??cieoe? ca an?ia aeine?aeaeoaaieie
iciaeaie. ?acoeueoaoe iieacaee, ui ca iaeoa?ii?iaeoeoeai?noth
aenieiiaeoa?i? ia?aaeuoaaee iecueeiiaeoa?i? ia 0.05 ??ai? cia/eiino?
i?ioyaii an?o ?ie?a aeine?aeaeaiue, a a 1993 ?ioe? ? ia 0.01 ??ai?
cia/eiino?, ui aiai?eoue i?i ciaioaiiy iaeoa?ii?iaeoeoeaiino? a i?ioean?
iioiaaiaco. Ca e?euee?noth ian?iei ia a?a niinoa??aaeanue aeinoia??ia
??cieoey ia ??ai? cia/eiino? 0.05 i?ioyaii an?o ?ie?a. Ca iciaeith “
eaae?noue ?ice?eaaiiy ea?oee” aeinoia??ia ??cieoey aoea ia iaio ??aiyo
cia/eiino? 0.01 ? 0.05, aea a oeueiio aeiaaeeo iecueeiiaeoa?i? oi?ie
ia?aaaaeaee aenieiiaeoa?i?, ine?eueee iecueeee ??aaiue oe??? iciaee ?
naeaeoe?eii oe?iiei. Ca iciaeaie “II?” oa “?NO” aeniiaeoa?i?
ia?aaaaeaee iecueeiiaeoa?i?, aea oey ??cieoey aoea ia ?noioiith.

?ICAe?E 6. CA’ssCIE ICIAEE “IAEOA?II?IAeOEOEAI?NOUe ?INEEIE” C I?ssIEIE
OA IIINA?AAeEIAAIEIE ICIAEAIE IAN?II?AI? I?IAeOEOEAIINO?

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue iieacaee, ui a iaea?eueo?e i???
iciaea“iaeoa?ii?iaeoeoeai?noue ?ineei” ethoea?ie ii?aeiaia c iciaeith
“EIA” ye o aeo?aei?e iiioeyoe?? (), oae ? o ooo/iinoai?ai?e (). A, a
naith /a?ao, iciaea “EIA” iaea na?aaei? ca’ycee c iciaeith “II?”().
Oiio, ye ? ne?ae aoei /aeaoe, iciaea “iaeoa?ii?iaeoeoeai?noue ?ineei”
ei?aeth? c ianith ian?iiy ?ineeie iiina?aaeeiaaii /a?ac e?euee?noue
ian?iei ia a?a.

Oeae iieaciee ca?eueooaaany i?ioyaii ?ie?a aeine?aeaeaiue ? aoa a?eueo
aenieei o ooo/iinoai?ai?e iiioeyoe??, ui na?ae/eoue i?i iiaeeea?noue
aeiai?o ca eiiieaenii iciae.

Ei?aeyoe?y i?ae iciaeaie “iaeoa?ii?iaeoeoeai?noue ?ineei”, “?NO” ?
“E?E”, aoea na?aaeiueith ? aeoaea iacia/iith, ui iiaea na?ae/eoe i?i
iacaeaaeia ?o oniaaeeoaaiiy. Eiao?oe??ioe iiiaeeiii? ei?aeyoe?? ()
na?ae/aoue i?i aieea noeoiiino? oaeoi??aeueieo iciae ia ?acoeueoaoeaio
oa iiaeeea?noue ca?eueoaiiy o?niioe ca’yceo i?e aeiai?? ca eiiieaenii
iciae.

?ICAe?E7. AAIAOE*IA I?E?IAeA ICIAEE “IAEOA?II?IAeOEOEAI?NOUe ?INEEIE”
ETHOeA?IE OA IIAEEEAINO? ?? IIE?AUAIIss NAEAEOe?EIEI OEssOII

Ia iniia? aiae?co e?aei?o oi?i ca iaeoa?ii?iaeoeoeai?noth aoei
a?ae?a?aii aeey no?auoaaiiy ii iiai?e ae?aeaeuei?e noai? 5 e?i?e (1.2
-iecueeiiaeoa?i?, 3-5 aenieiiaeoa?i?). Aiae?c io?eiaieo a?a?eae?a
iieacaa, ui iaea?eueo aenieo caaaeueio eiia?iaoe?eio caeaoi?noue ca
iciaeith «iaeoa?ii?iaeoeoeai?noue ?ineeie» iaee e?i?? 3, 5, oa 4, ui
na?ae/eoue i?i iayai?noue o oeeo e?i?e aai?a c aaeeoeaieie aoaeoaie.

Ii??aiyiiy aa??ain NEC ? CEC iieaco?, ui o e?i?e 3 oa 1 aa??aine CEC
aeu?, i?ae aa??aine NEC, ui na?ae/eoue i?i ia?aaaaeaiiiy a aaiaoe/iiio
eiio?ie? aeine?aeaeoaaii? iciaee o oeeo e?i?e aai?a c aaeeoeaieie
aoaeoaie.

Aiae?c a?ao?ea caeaaeiino? Wr/Vr iieacaa, ui a aaiaoe/i?e no?oeoo??
aeine?aeaeoaaii? iciaee i?eeia? o/anoue aeae?eueea eieon?a, i?ae ieie
niinoa??aa?oueny ia?aaaaeii aaeeoeaia aca?iiae?y c aeayeith
oaiaeaioe??th aei eiiieaiaioa?iiai ai?noaco (eiee ?aoeaneai? aaie
ca?eueoothoue aeaio iciaeo), oa ?nio? iaaeaeii?ioaaiiy a eieonao, ye?
eiio?ieththoue aeine?aeaeoaaio iciaeo.

E?i?y 4 ia? iaea?eueoo e?euee?noue aeii?iaioieo aai?a ca
aeine?aeaeoaaiith iciaeith (aeecueei 75%). Iaea?eueoo e?euee?noue
?aoeaneaieo aai?a (aeecueei 75%) ia? e?i?y 1.

A caaa?oaiiy ne?ae neacaoe, ui aiae?ciaaia iciaea eiio?ieth?oueny
aaaaoueia eieonaie, i?ae yeeie niinoa??aa?oueny ia?aaaaeii aaeeoeaia
aca?iiae?y c aeayeith oaiaeaioe??th aei eiiieaiaioa?iiai ai?noaco, a a
eieonao ia? i?noea iaaeaeii?ioaaiiy.

?en. 1. A?ao?e caeaaeiino? Wr/Vr ca iciaeith “iaeoa?ii?iaeoeoeai?noue
?ineeie”

1-5 -aeine?aeaeoaai? e?i??

Aaiaoe/ia i?aai?caoe?y aeine?aeaeoaaii? iciaee aea? i?aenoaae
i?iaiicoaaoe aenieo aoaeoeai?noue iie?auaiiy ?? iaoiaeii aeiai?o o e?i?e
3, 5 oa 4 ine?eueee a eiio?ie? iciaee o ieo ia?aaaaeathoue aaie c
aaeeoeaieie aoaeoaie. Aeey oeeo e?i?e aoaeoeaiei a naeaeoe?eiiio ieai?
aoaea noai?aiiy ni?o?a- neioaoee?a.

?ICAe?E 8. ??AAIUe NII??AeIAIINO? A AAIAOE*I?E NO?OEOO?? ICIAEE
“IAEOA?II?IAeOEOEAI?NOUe ?INEEIE” ? ICIAE IAN?II?AI? I?IAeOEOEAIINO? OA
IIAEEEA? OEssOE ?O IA?AEAEUeIIAI IIE?AUAIIss

I?e aea/aii? aaiaoe/ieo ia?aiao??a Aeae?iena-Oaeiaia-Aeac??i (oaaeeoey
2) iaie aoei anoaiiaeaii, ui iciaea “iaeoa?ii?iaeoeoeai?noue ?ineeie”
iaea aaeeea /enei ni?eueieo oa?aeoa?enoee c iciaeaie ian?ii?ai?
i?iaeoeoeaiino?, cie?aia:

Oaaeeoey 2

Aaiaoe/i? ia?aiao?e iciae ian?ii?ai? i?iaeoeoeaiino?.

-0.05 0.27 1.16 0.39

Iayai?noue aenieiai ??aiy aaeeoeaiino? (ia?aiao? D) o aecia/aii? oeeo
iciae.

Ia??aiii??ia ni?aa?aeiioaiiy iiceoeaieo (H1) oa iaaaoeaieo (H2) aoaeo?a
aai?a.

).

Eiao?oe??ioe oniaaeeoaaiiy aeey an?o iciae neeaee a oe?ieiio ?icoi?ii?
a?ae 0.50 aei 0.99 oa aocueeiio- a?ae 0.47 aei 0.73, ui aiai?eoue i?i
oa, ui aaeeea /anoeia aaiaoe/ii? ?ioi?iaoe?? iineoue aaeeoeaiee
eiio?ieue ? an? oe? iciaee iiaeia iie?auoaaoe aeei?enoiaoth/e iaei? ? o?
ae iaoiaee, a o./. aeiai?e.

Na?aae aiae?ciaaieo e?i?e iaie aoei aeae?eaii oae? e?i??, ye? iathoue
aenie? aa??aine CEC a ii?aeiaii? c iiceoeaieie aoaeoaie CEC ? iiaeooue
aeei?enoiaoaaoenue, ye eiiiiiaioe ni?o?a neioaoee?a ca oeeie iciaeaie.
Oea aoee e?i?? : 5-ca an?ia iciaeaie, 3 ca iciaeaie: “II?”, “EIA”, ?
“II?” ? e?i?y 4 ca aenieei ??aiai naiioa?oeeueiino?.

?ICAe?E 9. AEIIII?*IA AOAEOEAI?NOUe AE?IUOAAIIss NI?O?A C AENIEITH
IAN?II?AITH I?IAeOEOEAI?NOTH .

E?i?? c aenieei i?iyaii iciaee “iaeoa?ii?iaeoeoeai?noue ?ineeie” aoee
ia’?aeiai? ? ia ?o iniia? aoei noai?aii ooo/io iiioeyoe?th ca
iaoiaeeeith noai?aiiy ni?o?a-neioaoee?a. Aiia aeeth/aea 11 ?ineei
eeii?a, ui aoee ?acoeueoaoii aeiai?o ca iciaeith
“iaeoa?ii?iaeoeoeai?noue ?ineeie”. Aea/aiiy iiioeyoe?? a eiieo?niiio
ni?oiaei?iaoaaii? iieacaei ?noioia ia?aaeuaiiy ?? iaae ni?oii
noaiaea?oii ss?ineaaia ca ??aiai ian?ii?ai? i?iaeoeoeaiino? ia 22.7%.
(oaae 3).

Oaaeeoey 3

O?iaeaei?noue ooo/iinoai?aii? aenieiiaeoa?ii? iiioeyoe?? a eiieo?niiio
ni?oiaei?iaoaaii? (*aaaie, 1997-1998?., oe/aa).

Naeaeoe?eiee iiia? A?iaeaei?noue (oe/aa) ii iiaoi?aiiyo % aei noaiaea?oo

? ?? ??? ?V Na?.

ss?ineaaia, St 1.54 2.00 1.23 1.56 1.58 100

Ooo/iinoai?aia aenieiiaeoa?ia iiioeyoe?y 1.99 1.86 1.98 1.92 1.94 122.8

I??0.05=0.31 0.36 22.78

Oea aeaei ciiao aecia/eoe aeiiii?/io aoaeoeai?noue ae?iuoaaiiy
iiioeyoe?? oaeiai oeio. Iiainoai?aia iiioeyoe?y iaea ?noioi? ia?aaaae
ia?aae noaiaea?oii ca a?iaea?i ian?iiy (0.36 oe/oa) oa
iaaeii?iaeoeoeai?noth (0.46 oe/aa). Iiaeia eiinoaooaaoe, ui oaeiai oeio
ni?oe aoaeooue iaoe cia/i? ia?aaaae ia?aae ?nioth/eie ca aeiiii?/ieie
iieacieeaie. ??aaiue ?aioaaaeueiino? ?? ae?iuoaaiiy aei??aith? 205.9%,
i?ioe 128.7% o noaiaea?oiiai ni?oo -ss?ineaaia.

Aeiiii?/iee aoaeo a?ae ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iiainoai?aii? iiioeyoe?? ia 1
oeny/? aa aoaea neeaaeaoe 656 oen. a?eaai.

I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieythoue c?iaeoe oae? aeniiaee.

AENIIAEE

Oaeineiiaeaii iaoiaeeeo ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? ioe?iee iciaee
“iaeoa?ii?iaeoeoeai?noue ?ineeie”, yea aeeth/a? oeaio?eooaoaaiiy c
iiia?aaei?i oa?iinoaooaaiiyi ? aeii/oaaiiyi iaeoa?o o?eueo?oaaeueiei
iaia?ii, aeicaiey? ii??aithaaoe ??aaiue iciaee ??cieo ?ineei, acyoeo ia
i?ioyc? anueiai ia??iaeo oea?o?iiy.

Aea/aiiy aaeeei? e?eueeino? ?ineei (1000 oo.) aeicaieeei anoaiiaeoe, ui
iaeoa?ii?iaeoeoeai?noue ?ineeie a iiioeyoe?? ethoea?ie aa??thaaea a
aeineoue oe?ieeo iaaeao, eiao?oe??io i?ieeaino? neeaaeaa (23.82-31.83
%). Aeniea aa??aaaeuei?noue iciaee iaoiiaeaia ye aaiaoe/iith i?e?iaeith,
oae ? oiiaaie ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua.

Aeia?? ?ineei c aenieei ??aiai iciaee iaeoa?ii?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aeaeuoaaa
?? cia/aiiy o iiioeyoe?? a ianooii? ?iee, a iaeii/anii ? ??aaiue
ian?ii?ai? i?iaeoeoeaiino?. Eiao?oe??io iiaoi?thaaiino? iciaee neeaaeaa
0.55.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui iciaea “iaeoa?ii?iaeoeoeai?noue ?ineeie” (“II?”) ia?
iaaiee (neaaee oa na?aaei?e) ??aaiue ca’yceo c i?yieie oa
iiina?aaeeiaaieie iciaeaie ian?ii?ai? i?iaeoeoeaiino? cie?aia c
“e?euee?noth ian?iei ia a?a” (“EIA”),“ianith ian?iiy ?ineeie” (“II?”),
“eaae?noue ?ice?eaaiiy ea?oee” (“E?E”) oa “??aiai naiioa?oeeueiino?”
(”?NO”) o aeo?aei?e iiioeyoe?? ? o ooo/ii noai?ai?e, io?eiai?e oeyoii
aeiai?o ca iciaeith “iaeoa?ii?iaeoeoeai?noue ?ineeie”. Eiao?oe??ioe
iiiaeeiii? ei?aeyoe?? i?ae aeuacaaaeaieie iciaeaie aoee iiceoeaieie ?
ca?eueooaaeeny i?ioyaii ia??iaeo aeine?aeaeaiue.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui aaiaoe/iee eiio?ieue iciaee “iaeoa?ii?iaeoeoeai?noue
?ineeie” iieyaa? a ia?aaaaeii aaeeoeai?e ae?? aeaeae a iaaeao aaaaoueio
eieon?a c iacia/iei iaaeaeii?ioaaiiyi a ie?aieo c ieo oa aeayeith
oaiaeaioe??th aei eiiieaiaioa?iiai ai?noaco. Eiao?oe??ioe oniaaeeoaaiiy
oe??? iciaee neeaaeathoue: a oe?ieiio ?icoi?ii? 0.47, o aocueeiio
?icoi?ii? — 0.50.

Anoaiiaeaia cia/ia nii??aeiai?noue aaiaoe/ii? no?oeoo?e iciaee
“iaeoa?ii?iaeoeoeai?noue ?ineeie” c i?yieie oa iiina?aaeeiaaieie
iciaeaie ian?ii?ai? i?iaeoeoeaiino?, cie?aia “e?euee?noue ian?iei ia
a?a”, “??aaiue naiioa?oeeueiino?” oa “iana ian?iiy ?ineeie”, ui
aiai?eoue i?i iiaeeea?noue iie?auaiiy oeeo iciae ia?aeaeueiei
canoinoaaiiyi iaeieo ? oeo aea iaoiae?a.

Iaa?oioiaaii no?aoaa?th naeaeoe?eiiai iie?auaiiy ethoea?ie ca iciaeaie
ian?ii?ai? oa iaeoa?ii?iaeoeoeaiino?, yea aeeth/a? noai?aiiy
naiioa?oeeueieo e?i?e c aenieei ??aiai ae?aaeaiiy oeeo iciae, aeyaeaiiy
na?aae ieo oaeeo, ye? iathoue a aaii?e no?oeoo?? iciae ia?aaaaeaiiy
aai?a c aaeeoeaieie aoaeoaie ?o eiio?ieth ? noai?aiiy ia ?o iniia?
ni?o?a-neioaoee?a.

Aeyaeaii e?i?? ethoea?ie, a yeeo aeine?aeaeoaaia iciaea ? iciaee
ian?ii?ai? i?iaeoeoeaiino? eiio?ieththoueny aaiaie c aaeeoeaiei
eiio?ieai iciaee, ui iiaeooue eaaei aeei?enoiaoaaoenue a naeaeoe??. Oea
e?i?y 5 ca an?ia iciaeaie, e?i?y 3 ca iciaeaie “II?”, “EIA”, “II?” ?
e?i?y 4 ca iciaeith ”?NO”. Ooo/ii noai?aiee ni?o- neioaoee ethoea?ie
ia iniia? e?i?e c aenieei i?iyaii iciaee “iaeoa?ii?iaeoeoeai?noue
?ineeie” a eiieo?niiio ni?oiaei?iaoaaii? caaacia/ea i?eaaaeo o?iaeath
ian?iiy 0.36 oe/aa ? aeoiaeo iaaeo 0.46 oe/aa, Oea aeicaiey? aaaaeaoe,
ui iciaea “iaeoa?ii?iaeoeoeai?noue ?ineeie” /a?ac iaoai?ci ia?ao?aniiai
caieeaiiy iiceoeaii aieeaa? ia ian?ii?ao i?iaeoeoeai?noue ? ia aeo?ae
iaaeo.

Aeiaaaeaii aeiiii?/io aeioe?euei?noue noai?aiiy ni?o?a-neioaoee?a c
iciaeith aeniei? iaeoa?ii?iaeoeoeaiino?, yea caaacia/eoue i?e??no
/enoiai i?eaooeo (656 a?i./aa) ca ?aooiie i?aeaeuaiiy ian?ii?ai?
i?iaeoeoeaiino? ? ca ?aooiie ca?eueoaiiy aeoiaeo iaaeo.

?AEIIAIAeAOe?? AeEss I?AEOE*II? NAEAEOe?EII? ?IAIOE

A naeaeoe?? ia aenieo ian?ii?ao i?iaeoeoeai?noue ethoea?ie a cii?
Iie?nny ? E?ninoaio Oe?a?ie i?iiiio?oueny:

Aeey ianiai? ioe?iee iciaee “iaeoa?ii?iaeoeoeai?noue ?ineeie” ethoea?ie
canoiniaoaaoe oaeineiiaeaiee niin?a c aeei?enoaiiyi oeaio?eooaoaaiiy
nooea?oue.

Canoinoaaiiy iaoiaeo aeaaaeaiiy ni?o?a — neioaoee?a c aeei?enoaiiyi
naiioa?oeeueieo e?i?e, ye? iiia?aaeiuei oanoothoueny ca iciaeaie
ian?ii?ai? ? iaeoa?ii?iaeoeoeaiino? c a?aooaaiiyi aoaeoo aca?iiae?e
aai?a ?o eiio?ieth a naeaeoe?eieo onoaiiaao.

E?i?? ethoea?ie ?1 ? ? 3 c iciaeaie iecueei? ? aeniei?
iaeoa?ii?iaeoeoeaiinoi aeei?enoiaoaaoe, ye aeo?aeiee aeiii?iee
naeaeoe?eiee iaoa??ae.

Nienie ?ia?o, iioae?eiaaieo ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??.

Iinaiei TH.I. Aea/aiiy iaoiaeee aecia/aiiy iaeoa?ii?iaeoeoeaiino?
?ineeie ethoea?ie // Oace aeiiia?aeae eiioa?aioe?? iieiaeeo a/aieo oa
niaoe?ae?no?a “ Iaoeia? iniiae aaaeaiiy n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa
Oe?a?ie a co/anieo oiiaao”, *.???.-*aaaie, 94.-N.6.

Iinaiei TH.I. Iaeoa?ii?iaeoeoeai?noue ethoea?ie oa ?? ca’ycie c
ian?ii?aith i?iaeoeoeai?noth a caeaaeiino? a?ae caaa?aeaiiy ea?oee //
Oeyoe ?aoe?iiaeueiiai aeei?enoaiiy caiaeueieo ?ano?n?a Oe?a?ie (oace
aeiiia?aeae i?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? iieiaeeo
a/aieo oa niaoe?ae?no?a, 16-17 aa?aciy 1995 ?ieo), *aaaie.-95.-N.6.

Iinaiei TH.I. Aaiaoe/ia i?e?iaea iciaee “iaeoa?ii?iaeoeoeai?noue
?ineeie” ethoea?ie // Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie i?e?iaeie/eo oa aoiai?oa?ieo
iaoe. Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue iieiaeeo a/aieo, Iieoaanueeee n.a.
?inoeooo,.-Iieoaaa 97.-No. 60-63.

Aiaa? A.O., Iinaiei TH. I. I?ieea?noue iciaee iaeoa?ii?iaeoeoeai?noue
?ineeie ethoea?ie oa ?? ca’ycie c ian?ii?aith i?iaeoeoeai?noth //
Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue ?C OAAI.-E.-97.-A.1.-no.36-38. (i?iaaaeaiiy
aeine?aeaeaiue, aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a, i?aeaioiaea ?oeiieno)

Aiaa? A.O., Iinaiei TH. I. Aaiaoe/iee aiae?c a?a?eae?a ethoea?ie,
io?eiaieo i?e no?auoaaii? aeniei- ? iecueeiiaeoa?ieo oi?i ca eiiieaenii
ainiiaea?nueei-oe?iieo iciae // Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue ?C
OAAI.-E.-98.-A.1.-no.117-119. (i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue, aiae?c
?acoeueoao?a, i?aeaioiaea ?oeiieno)

Aiaa? A.O., Iinaiei TH. I. Aaiaoe/ia no?oeoo?a iciaee “nooi?iue
naiioa?oeeueiino?” o ethoea?ie iin?aii? // Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue ?C
OAAI.-E.-98.-A.2.-no.192-194. (i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue, aiae?c
?acoeueoao?a, i?aeaioiaea ?oeiieno)

AIIOAOe?ss

Iinaiei TH.I. “Iaeoa?ii?iaeoeoeai?noue ethoea?ie iin?aii? ?? aaiaoe/ia
i?e?iaea oa cia/aiiy a naeaeoe?? ni?o?a c aenieith ian?ii?aith
i?iaeoeoeai?noth”. ?oeiien/ Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy
eaiaeeaeaoa n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth
06.01.05. -naeaeoe?y oa ian?iieoeoai.-?inoeooo caiea?ianoaa OAAI, Ee?a,
1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia aeine?aeaeaiith iciaee “iaeoa?ii?iaeoeoeai?noue
?ineeie” ethoea?ie iin?aii? ?? aaiaoe/ii? i?e?iaee oa iiaeeeainoae
aeei?enoaiiy a naeaeoe?? ia aenieo ian?ii?ao i?iaeoeoeai?noue.

Aoei anoaiiaeaii aenieee ??aaiue aa??aaaeueiino? iciaee, yeee aeicaiey?
aeia?? aeniei- oa iecueeiiaeoa?ieo oi?i. Aoea anoaiiaeaia aaiaoe/ia
i?e?iaea iciaee, yea aeeth/a? ia?aaaaeii aaeeoeai? aoaeoe ae?? aeaeae a
iaaeao eieona c iacia/iei iaaeaeii?ioaaiiyi oa aeayeith oaiaeaioe??th
aei eiiieaiaioa?iiai ai?noaco. A?aoiaoth/e aenieo nooi?iue
nii??aeiaiino? a aaiaoe/i?e no?oeoo?? iciae “iaeoa?ii?iaeoeoeai?noue
?ineeie”, “??aaiue naiioa?oeeueiino?”, “e?euee?noue ian?iei ia a?a”,
“iana ian?iiy ?ineeie”, anoaiiaeaii iiaeeea?noue iie?auaiiy oeeo iciae
aeei?enoaiiyi iaeiaeiaeo iaoiae?a. Aoei anoaiiaeaii ?noioia ia?aaeuaiiy
ooo/iinoai?aii? ca iaeoa?ii?iaeoeoeai?noth iiioeyoe?? iaae ni?oii
noaiaea?oii ca ian?ii?aith i?iaeoeoeai?noth, ui aecia/a? iiaeeea?noue
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?? o ae?iaieoeoai.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ethoea?ia iin?aia, aaiaoe/ia i?e?iaea, aa??thaaiiy,
aeniea ian?ii?aa i?iaeoeoeai?noue, naeaeoe?y, iaeoa?ii?iaeoeoeai?noue
?ineeie.

AIIOAOeEss

Iinaiei TH.I. “Iaeoa?ii?iaeoeoeaiinoue ethoea?iu iinaaiie aa
aaiaoe/aneay i?e?iaea e cia/aiea a naeaeoeee ni?oia n aenieie naiaiiie
i?iaeoeoeaiinoueth”. ?oeiienue/ Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea iao/iie
noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa naeuenueeioicyenoaaiiuo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe
06.01.05. -naeaeoeey e naiaiiaiaenoai.-Einoeooo caieaaeaeey , OAAI,
Eeaa, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia enneaaeiaaieth i?eciaea “iaeoa?ii?iaeoeoeaiinoue
?anoaiey” ethoea?iu iinaaiie aa aaiaoe/aneie i?e?iaeu e aiciiaeiinoae
eniieueciaaiey a naeaeoeee ia aenieoth naiaiioth i?iaeoeoeaiinoue.

Auei onoaiiaeaii aunieee o?iaaiue aa?uee?iaaiey i?eciaea, eioi?ue
iicaieyao ioai? auniei- e ieceiiaeoa?iuo oi?i. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi
i?eciae “iaeoa?ii?iaeoeoeaiinoue ?anoaiey” (“II?”) eiaao ii?aaeaeaiiue
(neaaue oa n?aaeiee) o?iaaiue nayce n i?yiuie e iin?aaenoaaiiuie
i?eciaeaie naiaiiie i?iaeoeoeaiinoea /anoiinoe n “eiee/anoaii naiyi ia
aia” (“ENA”),“aanii naiyi ?anoaiey” (“AN?”), “eaaeinoueth ?ane?uaaiey
oeaaoea” (“E?Oe”) e “o?iaiai naiioa?oeeueiinoe” (”ONO”) a enoiaeiie
iiioeyoeee e a eneonnoaaiii nicaeaiie, iieo/aiie iooai ioai?a ii
i?eciaeo “iaeoa?ii?iaeoeoeaiinoue ?anoaiey”. Eiyoeoeeyioe iiiaeanoaaiiie
ei?aeyoeee iaaeaeo yoeie i?eciaeaie auee iieiaeeoaeueiuie e
oaaee/eaaeenue ia i?ioyaeaiee ia?eiaea enneaaeiaaiee.

Iaia/aii no?aoaaeth naeaeoeeiiiiai oeo/oaiey ethoea?iu ii i?eciaeai
naiaiiie i?iaeoeoeaiinoe, eioi?ay aeeth/aao nicaeaiea naiioa?oeeueiuo
eeiee n aunieei au?aaeaieai yoeo i?eciaeia, ioai? n?aaee ieo oao,
eioi?ua eiatho a no?oeoo?a i?aeiouanoaaiii aaeaeeoeaiua yoaeou eiio?iey
e nicaeaiea ia eo iniiaa ni?oia-neioaoeeia. Auaeaeaiu eeiee ethoea?iu a
eioi?uo enneaaeoaiua i?eciaee eiio?iee?othony i?aeiouanoaaiii aaiaie n
aaeaeeoeaiui eiio?ieai e iiaoo eniieueciaaoueny a naeaeoeee ii anao
i?eciaeao-eeiey 5, ii i?eciaeao “iaeoa?ii?iaeoeoeaiinoue ?anoaiey”,
“eiee/anoai naiyi ia aia”, “ianna naiyi ?anoaiey” -3, ii i?eciaeo
“o?iaaiue naiioa?oeeueiinoe”-eeiey 4. Auei onoaiiaeaia aaiaoe/aneay
i?e?iaea i?eciaea, eioi?ay aeeth/aao i?aeiouanoaaiii aaeeoeaiua aoaeou
aeaenoaey aeeaeae a i?aaeaeao eieona n iacia/eoaeueiui
naa?oaeiieie?iaaieai e iaeioi?ie oaiaeaioeeae e eiiieaiaioa?iiio
yienoaco. O/eouaay aenieoth noaiaiue noiaenoaa a aaiaoe/aneie no?oeoo?a
i?eciaeia “iaeoa?ii?iaeoeoeaiinoue ?anoaiey”, “o?iaaiue
naiioa?oeeueiinoe”, “eiee/anoai naiyi ia aia”, “ianna naiyi ?anoaiey”
onoaiiaeaia aiciiaeiinoue oeo/oaiey yoeo i?eciaeia eniieueciaaieai
iaeieo e oao aea iaoiaeia. Auei onoaiiaeaii nouanoaaiiia i?aauoaiea
enneonoaaiiinicaeaiiie ii iaeoa?ii?iaeoeoeaiinoe iiioeyoeee ni?oa
noaiaea?oa ii naiaiiie i?iaeoeoeaiinoe, /oi ii?aaeaeyao aiciiaeiinoue
aiaae?aiey aa a i?iecaiaenoai.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ethoea?ia iinaaiay, aaiaoe/aneay i?e?iaea,
aa?uee?iaaiea, aenieay naiaiiay i?iaeoeoeaiinoue, naeaeoeey,
iaeoa?ii?iaeoeoeaiinoue ?anoaiey.

ANNOTATION

Nosenko Y.M. “Nectar-productivity of Medicago sativa, her nature and
means in the selection of high-seed productivity grades”. Manuscript/
Thesiss a candidate’s degree of agricultural science by the speciality
06.01.0.5 — selection and seeding.-Institute of Agriculture UAAS, Kiyiv,
1999.

Dissertation is dedicated by investigation of indication
“nectar-productivity of the plant” of Medicago sativa, genetic nature
and possibilities for using in selection by the high-seed productivity.

It was established a high level variability of indication
“nectar-productivity of the plant” the allowing selection high- and low
nectarity forms. It was established that genetic nature of the
indication “nectar-productivity of the plant” in Medicago sativa
including primery additive effect of alleles in many locus limits with
small superdominance in some tendence for complementary epystasis. In
responce to high degree of resemblence by the genetic nature between
indications: “nectar-productivity of the plant”, “level self-fertility”
, “quantity sed per pod”, “mass seed of the plant” established
possibilities improving it’s indicatoins by the using similar methods.
It was established significant exceeding artifically-created population
with high level nectar-productivity by the seed productivity over
standart grade that defining advisibility of including her in
agricultural production.

Key words: Medicago sativa, genetic nature, variability, high seed
productivity, selection, nectar-productivity.

PAGE

PAGE 1

Похожие записи