2

IAeANUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE IIEIOAOII*IEE

OIIAA?NEOAO

IAEEO Na?aie Ieeieaeiae/

OAeE 621. 039. 51

IAEO?IIII-OA?IIAEONOE*IA IANOIEEINOUe A EAIAEAO ssAeA?IIAI ?AAEOI?A

Niaoeiaeueiinoue 05. 14. 14 — Oaieiai oa yaea?ii aia?aionoaiiaee

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoei? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoii/ieo iaoe

Iaeana-1999

Aeena?oaoei?th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Iaeanueeiio aea?aeaaiiio iieioaoii/iiio oiiaa?neoaoi,

iiiinoa?noai inaioe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea?iaiee — eaiaeeaeao oaoii/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio EI?IA

Aieiaeeie? Noaiaiiae/, IAeIO,
aeioeaio

eaoaae?e AAN.

Ioioeieii iiiiaioe :

1. Aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? NOOIA Aiae?ie Eicoyioeiiae/,
Naaanoiiieueneee ?inoeooo yaea?ii? aia?aaoeee oa i?iieneiaicoi,
canooiiee i?i?aeoi?a c iaoeiai? ?iaioe.

2. Eaiaeeaeao oaoii/ieo iaoe AIAEEIAA ??eia Eaii?ae?aia, Iaeanueea
aea?aeaaia

aeaaeaiiy oieiaeo, aeieoi?aio eaoaae?e oa?iiaeeiai?ee.

I?iaiaeia onoaiiaa — Iinoeooo oaoi?/ii? oaieio?ceee IAI Oe?a?ie, i.
Ee?a.

Caoeno aiaeaoaeaoueny «28 » aeiaoiy 1999 ?. i » 14 » aiaeeii ia
caniaeaiii niaoeiaeiciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 41.052.04. a Iaeanueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio iieioaoii/iiio oiiaa?neoaoi ca aae?anith : 270044, Iaeana,
i?. Oaa/aiea, 1.

C aeena?oaoeith iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o aiaeiioaoei Iaeanueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iieioaoii/iiai oiiaa?neoaoo, Iaeana, i?. Oaa/aiea, 1.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?icineaiee » 28 » aa?aniy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?
Oiaei?oeaa TH.E.

niaoeiaeiciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

14

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie: Ae?ae aaaeeeaith aeey Oe?a?ie ? i?iaeaia
noai?aiiy ?ic?aooieiai-aiaeioe/ieo caniaia aeey aiaeico i?ioeania a
yaea?ieo ?aaeoi?ao a noaoeiiia?ieo, ia?aoiaeieo oa aaa?ieieo noaiiaeuao.
Aac inai?iiy oaeiai eiiieaeno ?ic?aooieiai-aiaeioe/ieo caniaia
iaiiaeeeai caaacia/eoe iaaeieio oa aacia/io ?iaioo AAN

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie:
Iaoeiiiaeueia i?ia?aia Oe?a?ie «E?eoe/ii oaoiieiai?» (iinoaiiaa
eaaiiaoo iiiino?ia Oe?a?ie N 310 aiae 06.05.1994 a); Aea?aeathaeaeaoia
iaoeiai-aeine?aeia ?iaioa “?ic?iaeaiiy iaoiaeeee ia??iaee/iiai eiio?ieth
nenoai aaciaee AAN c AAA?” (Iiia? aea?ae. ?a?no?aoe?? 0197U017627);
Iaoeiai-aeine?aeia ?iaioa “Aiae?c aaciaee yaea?ieo aia?aiaeie?a
Caii??cueei? AAN uiaei oa?iiaeonoe/ii? iano?eeino? ” (Aini.aeiaia??
CAAN-IAeIO N 01/341-97).

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy: Aiaee?eooy caeiiii??iinoae oa?iiaeonoe/ii?
iano?eeino? (OAI) a yaea?iiio ?aaeoi?? (ss?) a iaeiii??iiio iaaeeaeaii?.

Caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy:

— ?ic?iaeaiiy iniia oyaeaiiy i?i oice/iee iaoaiici oa?iiaeonoe/ii?
ianoieeinoi a ss? (iaeo?iiii-oa?iiaeonoe/ii? ianoieeinoi);

— aeaaaeaiiy oa?aeoa?enoe/iiai ?iaiyiiy
iaeo?iiii-oa?iiaeonoe/ii?

ianoieeinoi (IOAI) aeey iaeiii??iiai aeiaaeeo;

— caien aeaiaioia ooiaeaiaioaeueii? iao?eoei ?ioaiue oa?aeoa?enoe/iiai
?iaiyiiy IOAI ye ooieoeie iae?iia?aiao??a oa iie?iia?aiao?ia;

— noai?aiiy i?ia?aiieo iiaeoeia aeey ?ic?aooieo iaeanoae IOAI a
iaeiiii?iiio iaaeeaeaii?;

— aiaee?eooy caeiiiii?iinoae aieeao cai?ioiiai ca’yceo ii iaeo?iiiiio
iioieo ia ?icaeoie OAI a ss? a iaeiii??iiio iaaeeaeaii? oa ioe?iea
iaeanoi inioaaiiy IOAI aeey oiia iaeneiaeueii iaaaioaaeaii?
oaieiaeaeieyth/i? cai?ee (OAC) AAA?-1000.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a:

1. Oia?oa cai?iiiiiaaii oyaeaiiy i?i oice/iee iaoaiici OAI a ss? ye
iaeo?iiii-oa?iiaeonoe/ii? ianoieeinoi (IOAI) oeyoii o?aooaaiiy aieeao
ia ?icaeoie OAI a ss? cai?ioiiai ca’yceo ii cao?aiith i?yiiai
oaieiaeae?eaiiy a ??aeei?.

2. Oia?oa aeaaaeaii oa?aeoa?enoe/ia ?iaiyiiy IOAI a iaeiii??iiio
iaaeeaeaii? oeyoii ??oaiiy e?aeiai? caaea/? aeey aaeoi?a ci?iieo, aea
ia’?aeiai? cao?aiiy iae?iia?aiao??a (iaeo?iiiee iio?e, iaeo?iiiee no?oi,
aeo?aoa…) oa i?e?iia?aiao??a ioce?eiaiai eeio/iai iioieo a ss?.

3. Oia?oa aeaia ye?nia ioe?iea aieeao ciaeo ia?iaiai eiao?oe??ioa
?aaeoeaiino?,

aac?ici??iiai ia?aiao?a “aeueoa”, a oaeiae aeiaaeeie ia?a??ao ia
?icaeoie OAI a ss?.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a:

1. ?ic?iaeaia o aeaei eiiieaeno ?ic?aooieiaeo iiaeoeia iaoiaeeea aiaeico
noieeinoi ss? aei IOAI a iaeiiii?iiio iaaeeaeaii?. Oey iaoiaeeea iiaea
aooe ?aeiiaiaeiaaiith aeey aeei?enoaiiy a iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo
i?aai?caoe?yo Oe?a?ie i?e aa??o?eaoe?? oaieia?ae?aaee/ieo eiae?a
AAA?-1000, a oaeiae i?e i?iaeooaaii? iiaeo ss?.

2. ?ic?aooieiai-aiae?oe/iei oeyoii aeiaaaeaia iiaeeea?noue ?nioaaiiy ?
a

iaeiii??iiio iaaeeaeaii? aeaia ioe?iea iaeano? inioaaiiy IOAI a oiiaao
oeaio?aeueii? /anoeie aeoeaii? ciie AAA?-1000

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe?? : Aeena?oaoeiy iaaiai?aia ia
iiaeia?iaeiie iaoeiaie eiioa?aioei? «Aeieiai/iinoue oaoiieiai/ieo
i?ioeania oa ioi?iia iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua» (Iaeana , o?aaaiue 1997
?), a oaeiae ia thaieaeiie iaoeiai-oaoii/iie eiioa?aioei? «Iiaeaioiaea
eaae?ia oa aeieiai/ii i?iaeaie aia?aaoeee», i?enay/aiie 65-?i//th
eaoaae?e OAN O?aeueneiai aea?aeaaiiai oaoii/iiai oiiaa?neoaoo
(?eaoa?eiao?a, eenoiiaae 1997 ?.). ?acoeueoaoe aeineiaeaeaiiy
iiaiaeiieaii a IOOO IAI Oe?a?ie oa a AeIOOe ss?A Oe?a?ie.

Ioae?eaoe??: Ii oaii aeena?oaoei? ? 15 ioaeieaoeie, c yeeo
6 aeo?iaeueieo, 2 noaooi a cai?ieeao oac eiioa?aioeie oa 7
aeaiiiiaaieo noaoae.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe?? : Aeena?oaoeiy neeaaea?oueny ci
acooio, o?ueio ?icaeieia, caeii/aiiy , nieneo eioa?aoo?e oa 2
aeiaeaoeia. Caaaeueiee ianya aeena?oaoei? 197 noi?., a oiio /enei 132
coi?. iniiaii? /anoeie, 42 iaethiee, 1 oaaeeoey. Nienie eioa?aoo?e
aeeth/a? 72 iaeiaioaaiiy.

INIIAIEE CIINO

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaia iaiaoiaeiinoue aiaee?eooy caeiiii??iinoae OAI
a ss? oa noi?ioeueiaaii caaaeaiiy aeey ?ica’ycaiiy i?iaeaie OAI a ss?.

A ia?oiio ?icaeiei aeeiiaii iaeyae eioa?aoo?e uiaei i?iaeaie OAI a
yaea?iiio ?aaeoi?i . C?iaeaii aeniiaee, ui

1. OAE iiaeooue aooe iniaeeai iaaacia/ii i?e ?o aeieeiaiii o OAC
aeoeaii?

ciie ss?. OAE, ui ii?iaeaeothoue aeniei/anoioii iiia?a/ii eieeaaiiy
oiieinoiiii? iaieiiee, iiaeooue i?eaanoe aei ?? c?oeioaaiiy c aeoiaeii
?aaeiiaeoeaieo i?iaeoeoia aei eiioo?o. Oaeiae iiaeeeai ciaioaiiy ?ano?no
?iaioe OAAEia ca ?aooiie c?oeioaaiiy OAAEia aiae ooiie.

2. Ia aeaiiee /an iaa?iiaaeaeaii /eneaiii aenia?eiaioaeueii
iaoa?iaee uiaei i?iaeaie OAE, yei iaea?aeaii ia aenia?eiaioaeueieo
noaiaeao. Iaeiae, iaaioue ia noaiaeao, ui iaeneiaeueii aeecueei
iiaeaeththoue ?aaeeiii ia?aiao?e ss? AAA?-1000, iaia? aeinoaoiuei
?aoaeueii? aiaeiiaiaeiinoi oiiaai ?iaioe ?aaeueiiai ss? AAA?-1000.
Aaaeeeai aiaecia/eoe, ui ia yaea?iiio aia?aiaeioei c ?yaeo i?e/ei
aenia?eiaioe c i?iaeaie OAE aai aeoaea neeaaeii , aai ia iiaeeeai .

3. Aaea ?ic?iaeaii ?ic?aooieiaee iaoiae aiaeico OAI o iayaea?iiio

oaieiiaiiiiiio aia?aoi * . Aii iie?a?oueny ia oyaeaiiy uiaei OAE ye
yaeua, ui

ia? i?e/eiith eiiaeainaoeith ioce??a, ui ?ooathoueny o iaaeia??oiio
iioioei ?iaeeie. Naiiii?iaeaeaiiy OAE aiaeaoaa?oueny, yeui ?
iaaeoiaeaeaiiy aeonoe/ii? aia?ai? aei iioieo aiaeiiaiaeii e?eoa?ith
?aeath. Oeae ?ic?aooieiaee iaoiae ?aoaeueii ia?aai?aii oieueee ia
aenia?eiaioaeueieo noaiaeao c iaeith aeiaaeeiith iaia?iao (iaio 1
iao?a).

4. Cacia/aiee ?ic?aooieiaee iaoiae aecia/aiiy ei?aeiiia OAI ia i?eeia?
aei

oaaae iaeo?iiii-oice/ii iniaeeainoi OAI a yaea?iiio ?aaeoi?i . Noeoiia
?icaeyaeaiiy iaeo?iiii-oice/ieo, oaieiaiae?aaee/ieo oa aeonoe/ieo yaeu
iio?aao? neioaco iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae, ?ic?iaeaieo aeey ie?aiiai
aiaeico ?icieo aeaeia ianoieeinoi.

5. A oeaio?aeueii? /anoei? aeoeaii? ciie ss? AAA?-1000 ? ciia
iiaa?oiaaiai eeiiiiy (IE). Ioeiiea iieaco?, ui i?eaeecii 10 % aiae
caaaeueii? eieueeinoi OAC iathoue aeieyieo IE. Iiae /an ?iaioe 6-ai
aeieo Caii?icueei? AAN (aiaeiai/ii aeey iioeo AAN c AAA?-1000 )
iathoue iinoea ?aaeeie ci ciaioaiith aoiaeiith oaiia?aoo?ith
?iaeeie, ui iiaeaeuo? ai?iaiaeiinoue aeieeiaiiy OAI.

Iaiaoiaeiinoue aecia/aiiy iniaeeainoae oa iiaeeeainoi ?icaeoeo OAI a
ss? iaoiiaeea caaaeaiiy aeineiaeaeaiiy.

A ae?oaiio ?icaeiei ?ic?iaeaii iniiae oyaeaiiy i?i oice/iee iaoaiici
IOAI.

wmetafile8? ??8????? ????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????  ? ???&?
?MathType??P?????????Y ?
?Y?»??4???*?1/2??????TA? C’yniaaii, ui oa?aeoa?ia
/anoioa IOAI (aeey iniiaii? aa?iiiiee) eaaeeoue o iaaeao: wmetafile8?
??????????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? a` ???&? ?MathType??@????`????u?th??????
Ciaeaeaia ia?aaeaoia ooieoeiy (IO) aiae aac?icii?iiai cao?aiiy
iaeo?iiiiai iioieo aei aac?icii?iiai cao?aiiy oaiia?aoo?e iaeeaa ia
iniiai ?iaiyiiy oaieii?iaiaeiinoi OAAEo. Oey IO aeinoaoiuei iaea,
iath/e iiaeoeue ii?yaeeo wmetafile8? ??§????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????    ???&?
?MathType???????aey???u?th?????? Oice/iee iaoaiici OAI a
eaiaei ss? iio?aao? caiinoue caaea/i OAI ?icaeyaeaoe caaea/o IOAI.
Aca?iiica’ycaii oaei eieaeueii cao?aiiy: ?ino oeneo wmetafile8?
??p???????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? @  ???&? ?MathType?? ?????????u?th?????? A
ia?oiio ?icaeiei aeaaaeaia IO aiae aac?icii?iiai cao?aiiy oeneo aei
aac?icii?iiai cao?aiiy iaeo?iiiiai iioieo.

Iienaii i?eioeei ?ic?aooieiai-a?aoi/iiai aiaeico noieeinoi ia
iniiai oa?aeoa?enoe/iiai ?iaiyiiy (O?)*.

Ciaeaeaia iinoieia /ano wmetafile8? ??p????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ?? ???&?
?MathType?? ????@????u?th??????____________________

*. Oaaaineee A.A., Aa?eeaa A.A. Ianoaaeeueiinoue iioiea oaieiiineoaey a
yeaiaioao yia?aiiai?oaeiaaiey.- NIa.: Iaoea, 1994.- 288 n.

Ciaeaeaia iinoieia /ano oaieiaiaeaea/i aiae ioce?y aei ?iaeeie ia
iniiai ?iaiyiiy aeey oaeaeeinoi ciiie ia’?ia ioce?y. Aeey iioa?aaeo
aeiaiao?a ioce?ia wmetafile8? ?????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ?  ???&?
?MathType??@?????????u?th?????? Caienaii ?iaiyiiy
oaieii?iaiaeiinoi aeey ieinei? noiiee. Iiaeoeue IO aiae aac?icii?iiai
cao?aiiy ieoiiiai ia’?iiiai oaieiaeaeieaiiy a iaeeai aei aac?icii?iiai
cao?aiiy oaiia?aoo?e noiiee neeaa aeey /anoioe wmetafile8?
??p???????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
???????  @ ???&? ?MathType?? ????a?????u?th?????? A
ia?oiio ?icaeiei ciaeaeaii iiaeoeue IO aiae aac?icii?iiai cao?aiiy
i?yiiai oaieiaeaeieaiiy a ?iaeeii aei aac?icii?iiai cao?aiiy
oaiia?aoo?e ?iaeeie a i?eei?aeiiiiio oa?i (aiae wmetafile8?
????????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
???????  ? ???&? ?MathType??`????`????u?th?????? Oaeiae
ciaeaeaii aiaeiioaiiy cao?aiiy iiaeoaciiai oaieiaiai iioieo aei

cao?aiiy oaieiaeaeieaiiy a ?iaeeii wmetafile8? ?????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????  ` ???&?
?MathType??`????`????u?th??????

wmetafile8? ??I???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? @a. ???&?
?MathType??`???aey???u?th??????

Aaaaeath/e iaoaiici oaieiaiai aei?iiiithaaiiy aieiaiei i?e
ia?aianaiii oaiea a caaea/i IOAI (ia?aianaiiy oaiea ia iie?iaiaenoaii
aiae iie?ioeaio?ia oaieiaeaeieaiiy a ?iaeeii c iaeei caiiciaiiyi),
aecia/aia iiaeaeue oaieiiaiiio:

wmetafile8? ??«???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????    ???&?
?MathType??`????`????u?th??????

aea P — iiiai?iinoue, ?ic?aoiaaia /a?ac oieaniee eoo:

wmetafile8? ??

aea wmetafile8? ??^???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ?`8 ???&?
?MathType??P????a????u@th??????

wmetafile8?
??j??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
???????  a ???&? ?MathType??`????`????u?th??????

aea wmetafile8? ???????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? a  ???&?
?MathType??@????`????u?th??????wmetafile8? ??w????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? `  ???&?
?MathType??????@????u?th?????????!?P?????????_???u?th?
????? Ic (1) aeieeaa?:

wmetafile8?
?????????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
???????  @ ???&? ?MathType??`????`????u?th??????

I?e wmetafile8? ??oe????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ?? ???&?
?MathType??@?????????u?th?????? Iiaenoaaeyth/e wmetafile8?
??O???????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
???????  A ???&? ?MathType??`????`????u?th??????
Ciaeaeaii ae?ac aeey cao?aiiy oaieiaiai iioieo ia iiaeoaciie iaaei
wmetafile8? ??AE????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????  ? ???&?
?MathType??P?????????u@th??????

wmetafile8? ??Y???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????   ! ???&?
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aea wmetafile8? ??

aea wmetafile8? ??™???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? `@ ???&?
?MathType??p?????????u@th??????wmetafile8? ??y????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????  ? ???&?
?MathType??P?????oey???u@th?????? C?iaeaii aeciiaee, ui:

1 Cai?ioiee ca’ycie ii cao?aiith iaeo?iiiiai iioieo wmetafile8?
??›???????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? ?  ???&? ?MathType?? ????@????u?th??????2 Uia
ciaeoe caeiiiii?iinoi IOAI iaiaoiaeii ?ic?aooaaoe eiiieaenio /anoioio
oa?aeoa?enoeeo (E*O) ia iniiai O? IOAI.

Aeey iieno i?ioeania i?e ?icaeoeo IOAI ocyoi ?iaiyiiy: 1) Aeeooci?
iaeo?iiia; 2) Oaieii?iaiaeiinoi OAAEo; 3) ?ooo aeaioaciiai iioieo a
oaieiiaiiiiiio eaiaei; 4) ?ooo ioce?ia aiae iiiaioo aiae?eao aei iiiaioo
cieeiaiiy. I?eeiyoi iaeiia?oiiaa aeeoocieia iiaeaeue iaeo?iiiiai iioieo
oa iaeiiii?ia iaaeeaeaiiy. sse i?inoi?iaa ciiiia aenooia? aeniaeueia
ciiiia z. Aeey Eaieaniaia wmetafile8? ??›????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? `` ???&?
?MathType??????@

????u?th??????

wmetafile8?
??J??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? A@ ???&? ?MathType??@????@

????u?th??????

aea wmetafile8?
????????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? AA ???&? ?MathType??@????@????u?th??????

aea I — iiaeoeue no?oio iaeo?iiia; D — eieoioei?io aeeooci?. Oneieueee
ie ia?ii aeiei c iaaeia?ioei eeio/ei iioieii, ui eeieoue ia noiioei
eaiaeo ss?, aei ?iaiyiue aeeiaiiee iaeo?iiiiai iiey oa ?iaiyiiy
oaieii?iaiaeiinoi OAAEo aeiaeaii: 1) ?iaiyiiy ia?ic?eaiinoi iioieo; 2)
?iaiyiiy caa?aaeaiiy iiioeueno iioieo; 3) ?iaiyiiy caa?aaeaiiy aia?ai?
iioieo ; 4) caeaaeiinoi, ui ca’ycothoue na?aaeii «iae?iia?aiao?e» iioieo
c «iie?iia?aiao?aie»:

wmetafile8? ??!???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? a` ???&?
?MathType??@????`????u?th??????

wmetafile8? ??=???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? a@

???&? ?MathType??@????`uey???u?th??????

aea wmetafile8? ?????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? aA ???&?
?MathType??@????`????u?th?????? ?iaiyiiy, ui iienothoue
iie?ino?oeoo?o ioce?eiaiai eeio/iai iioieo, aoiaeyoue aei neeaaeo
?ic?iaeaii? a iiiia?aoi?** II-iiaeaei ioce?eiaiai eeio/iai iioieo.
Caiaeii c II-iiaeaeeth, oae wmetafile8? ??§????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? a@ ???&?
?MathType??@????`

????u?th?????? Ii/aoeiaa nenoaia ?iaiyiue caienaia a cao?aiiyo,
eiiaa?eciaaia, ia?aoai?aia ii Eaieano i?e ioeueiaeo ii/aoeiaeo oiiaao.
A ?acoeueoaoi iaea?aeaia nenoaia aeeiaii/ieo ?iaiyiue aeey cao?thaaiue
iioaa?aeueieo ia?aiao?ia (no?oi iaeo?iiia, iaeo?iiiee iioie, aeo?aoa,
oene i o.ae.) oa iie?iia?aiao?ia (ia’?i ioce?ia, oaeaeeinoue ioce?ia,
eiioeaio?aoeiy ioce?ia)

wmetafile8? ??th???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? A` ???&?
?MathType??@????@????u?th??????aea

wmetafile8? ?????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ?AA ???&?
?MathType????????aey???u?th??????

aea ieaeiie iiaeaen “L” ia? cia/aiiy ia?aoai?aiiy ii Eaieano;
wmetafile8? ??A???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
@@???&??yyyy?????Ayyy¦yyy???ae?? ???&?
?MathType??`????u?th?????? C (11) iiney iia?aoeie iaae iao?eoeyie
iaea?aeaii:

wmetafile8?
????????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
???????  @ ???&? ?MathType??0????@????u?th??????

aea wmetafile8? ??1/2???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
`A???&??yyyy?????Ayyy¦yyy????? ???&?
?MathType??p????u?th??????______________________

**. Aa?eeaa A.A., Neaeicoaia A.E. Iocu?ueeiaua eeiyuea iioiee a
yia?aiiai?oaeiaaiee AYN.- I.: Yia?aiaoiiecaeao, 1990.- 360 n.

?ica’ycaiiy (12) ciaeaeaii oae:

wmetafile8?
??z??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? a  ???&? ?MathType??@????`aey???u?th??????

aea O — ooiaeaiaioaeueia iao?eoey ?ioaiue (OI?), ii?iiaaia
a oi/oei wmetafile8? ??th???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? aa ???&?
?MathType??@????`????u?th??????

wmetafile8?
??i??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? `  ???&? ?MathType?? ??? ????u?th??????

aea wmetafile8? ??!???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? a@ ???&?
?MathType??@????`????u?th?????? Ic (13) iaea?aeaii:

wmetafile8?
??V??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? a@ ???&? ?MathType??@????`aey???u?th??????

Iiaeiaii***, i?eeiyoi:

wmetafile8? ??l???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? `?» ???&?
?MathType??p?????????u@th??????

Ia aa?oiie iaaei aeoeaii? ciie ni?aaaaeeeai:

wmetafile8? ??

A oi/oei ii/aoeo cia/iiai ia?iooai?aiiy i?eeiyoi:

wmetafile8?
??u??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? aA ???&? ?MathType??@????`????u?th??????

Oae wmetafile8? ??c????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? a? ???&?
?MathType??@????`????u?th??????

wmetafile8? ?????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????  @ ???&?
?MathType??`????`????u?th??????

wmetafile8? ?????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????  ?! ???&?
?MathType??`????`????u?th??????

wmetafile8? ?????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????  ?! ???&?
?MathType??`????`????u?th??????

wmetafile8? ?????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????  ? ???&?
?MathType??`????`????u?th??????

wmetafile8? ??A???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????   « ???&?
?MathType??`????`????u?th??????______________________

***. Aeeiaieea yaea?iuo ?aaeoi?ia. Eieania A.O., Eaiiee I.A., Iaaeia
N.I. e ae?.- I.: Yia?aiaoiiecaeao, 1990.- 518 n.

Aeaiaioe wmetafile8? ??c????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? a? ???&?
?MathType??@????`????u?th??????

wmetafile8?
?????????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? `  ???&? ?MathType?? ??? ????u?th??????

Ia iniiai (13), (17) iaea?aeaii

wmetafile8? ??Y???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ? , ???&?
?MathType???????_????u?th??????

wmetafile8? ??Y???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ? , ???&?
?MathType???????_????u?th??????

Iiney iiaenoaiiaee (19)-(23) a (25), (26) caienaii:
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(27)

aea

wmetafile8? ??§???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? @`* ???&?
?MathType?????? ????u@th??????

wmetafile8? ??§???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? @ * ???&?
?MathType?????? ????u@th??????

wmetafile8? ??§???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? @`* ???&?
?MathType?????? ????u@th??????

wmetafile8? ??§???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? @ * ???&?
?MathType?????? ????u@th??????

Ic (27) iaea?aeaii O? IOAI:

wmetafile8?
??]??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
???????    ???&? ?MathType??P????? ????u@th??????

O aaeoi?i ciiiieo e?aeiai? caaea/i ia’?aeiaii cao?aiiy iioaa?aeueieo
ia?aiao?ia (na?aae yeeo cao?aiiy iaeo?iiiiai iioieo) oa iie?iia?aiao?ia,
/oi ? iiaei a oai?i? ioce?eiaeo eeio/eo iioieia a ss?.

A o?aoueiio ?icaeiei i?eaaaeaii ?acoeueoaoe ?ic?aooieiaiai aiaeico
noieeinoi iaeneiaeueii iaaaioaaeaii? OAC ?aaeoi?a AAA?-1000 aei IOAI.

Ia?aai?aia oi/iinoue oaoii/ii? ?aaeicaoei? iaoiaeo.

C?iaeaii aiaeic aieeao cai?ioiiai ca’yceo ii wmetafile8?
??›???????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? A? ???&? ?MathType?? ?????????u@th??????
Aecia/aii aieea ciaeo ia?iaiai eiaoioei?ioa ?aaeoeaiinoi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 ia
iieiaeaiiy ieaeiuei? iaaei IOAI.

Ia ?en.1 iieacaii caieueoaiiy ianoieeinoi i?e wmetafile8?
??!??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
???????    ???&? ?MathType??P?????????u@th??????ui E*O
aeey aeiaaeeo wmetafile8? ??!???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????    ???&?
?MathType??P?????????u@th?????? Ia ?en.2 iieacaii i?eaeooaiiy
ianoieeinoi i?e wmetafile8? ??!???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????    ???&?
?MathType??P?????????u@th?????? Ia ?en.3 iieacaia iiaaaeiiea
E*O i?e wmetafile8? ??!???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????    ???&?
?MathType??P?????????u@th?????? Ia ?en.4 iieacaia iiaaaeiiea
E*O i?e wmetafile8? ??!???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????    ???&?
?MathType??P?????????u@th?????? A oeueiio ?icaeiei ciaeaeaia
ia?ieieueeinoue wmetafile8? ??p????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????  @ ???&?
?MathType??P?????????u@th?????? Ae?iaeaii aiaeic aieeao ciaeo
wmetafile8? ??O????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????  @ ???&?
?MathType??P?????????u@th?????? Ia ?en.5 iieacaii aecia/aiiy
aa?oiuei? iaaei IOAI i?e wmetafile8? ??!???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????  A ???&?
?MathType??P?????????u@th?????? Ia ?en.6 iieacaii aecia/aiiy
aa?oiuei? iaaei IOAI i?e wmetafile8? ??!???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????    ???&?
?MathType??P?????????u@th?????? Aenaioeaia ?ieue aac?icii?iiai
ia?aiao?a «aeueoa», cai?iaaaeaeaiiai aaoi?ii a oai?aoe/iee aiaeic, a
iaoaiicii IOAI. Ia?aiao? wmetafile8? ??p????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? @` ???&?
?MathType?? ?????????u@th??????

?en. 1 Caieueoaiiy IOAI i?e

wmetafile8? ??!???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????    ???&?
?MathType??P?????????u@th??????
i?e wmetafile8?
??!??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
???????  a ???&? ?MathType??P?????????u@th??????
1 —
wmetafile8? ??¬???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????  ` ???&?
?MathType??P?????????u@th??????
2 — wmetafile8?
??¬??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
???????    ???&? ?MathType??P?????????u@th??????
3 —
wmetafile8? ??]???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? @
???&??yyyy?????Ayyy¦yyya??ae?? ???&?
?MathType??`????u?th??????

?en. 2 I?eaeooaiiy IOAI i?e

wmetafile8? ??!???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????    ???&?
?MathType??P?????????u@th??????
1 — wmetafile8?
??e??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? @????&??yyyy?????Ayyy¦yyyA??ae?? ???&?
?MathType??`????u?th??????
2 — wmetafile8? ??¬???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????    ???&?
?MathType??P?????????u@th??????
3 — wmetafile8?
??]??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? @ ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy¦yyya??ae?? ???&?
?MathType??`????u?th??????

?en. 3 Ia?aoiae /a?ac iaaeo

IOAI i?e

wmetafile8? ??¬???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????    ???&?
?MathType??P?????????u@th??????
wmetafile8? ??]???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????  A ???&?
?MathType??P?????????u@th??????
iiiiiaeo

?en. 4 Aiaenooiinoue ia?aoiaeo

/a?ac iaaeo IOAI i?e

wmetafile8? ??¬???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????    ???&?
?MathType??P?????????u@th??????
wmetafile8? ??
aiae iiiiiaeo

?en. 5 Aecia/aiiy aa?oiuei?

iaaei IOAI i?e

wmetafile8? ??¬???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????    ???&?
?MathType??P?????????u@th??????
wmetafile8? ??C???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?@???&??yyyy?????Ayyy§yyy???’?? ???&?
?MathType???????u?th??????

?en. 6 Aecia/aiiy aa?oiuei?

iaaei IOAI i?e

wmetafile8? ??¬???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????    ???&?
?MathType??P?????????u@th??????
wmetafile8? ??^???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????    ???&?
?MathType??P?????????u@th??????
aeey /anoioe wmetafile8?
??p???????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? @` ???&? ?MathType?? ?????????u@th??????
aieueoa
eaaeeoue aeaeaei aiae ioey

?en. 7 Ciiia oe?eie iaeanoi ?en. 8 Ciiia oe?eie
iaeanoi

IOAI wmetafile8? ??Q???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????  ? ???&?
?MathType??P?????

????u@th??????iinoi aiae ia?aiao?a wmetafile8? ??p????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? @` ???&?
?MathType?? ?????????u@th??????wmetafile8? ??O????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????  @ ???&?
?MathType??P?????????u@th??????

?en. 9 Iaeanoue IOAI aeey iaeneiaeueii

iaaaioaaeaii? OAC AAA?-1000

Aieiaiei ia?aiao?ii a ooieoeiiioaaiii cai?ioiiai ca’yceo ii cao?aiith
iaeo?iiiiai iioieo neoaeeoue ciae ia?iaiai eiaoioei?ioa ?aaeoeaiinoi.
sse ia?aiao?, ui aecia/a? nooiiiue aieeao ciaeo wmetafile8?
??O???????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
???????  @ ???&? ?MathType??P?????????u@th??????
Ni?aaaaeeeaa ?iaiinoue:

wmetafile8? ??A???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????  ` ???&?
?MathType??
???u????????????-?????l2???l????a????u@th??????

aea wmetafile8? ??®???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? `@ ???&?
?MathType??p?????????u@th?????? Ia ?en. 7 iieacaia ciiia oe?eie
iaeanoi IOAI a caeaaeiinoi aiae aaee/eie ia?aiao?a wmetafile8?
??p???????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? @` ???&? ?MathType?? ?????????u@th?????? Ia ?en.
8 iieacaia ciiia oe?eie iaeanoi IOAI a caeaaeiinoi aiae aaee/eie
ia?aiao?a wmetafile8? ??p????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? @` ???&?
?MathType?? ?????????u@th?????? Aaaeeeai aiaecia/eoe, ui o
aeiaaeeo wmetafile8? ??!???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????    ???&?
?MathType??P?????????u@th??????1. IOAI iiaiinoth i?eaeooo?oueny
(i?e aeinoaoiuei aaeeeiio ia?aiao?i wmetafile8? ??p????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? @` ???&?
?MathType?? ?????????u@th??????2. IOAI i?eaeooo?oueny /anoeiai
(i?e wmetafile8? ???????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????  ` ???&?
?MathType?? ????`????u@th?????? O aeiaaeeo wmetafile8?
??!??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
???????    ???&? ?MathType??P?????????u@th??????
Cai?iiiiiaaia ioeiiea aaee/eie ia?aiao?a wmetafile8?
??p???????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? @` ???&? ?MathType?? ?????????u@th??????
wmetafile8? ??D???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? a@ ???&?
?MathType??p?????????u@th??????aea

wmetafile8? ??E???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? A  ???&?
?MathType??p????aUy???u@th??????

wmetafile8? ??o???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? Aa ???&?
?MathType??p????a????u@th??????

Ii (35) iaea?aeaii: wmetafile8? ??b???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????  @ ???&?
?MathType??P?????????u@th?????? A ?icaeiei aecia/aia ?ieue
aeiaaeeie iaia?iao a ?icaeoeo IOAI. Aeaeieaii aeaa aeiaaeee:

1. Iaea aeiaaeeia iaia?iao (0,4-0,45 i).

2. Aaeeea aeiaaeeia iaia?iao (3-3,5 i).

O aeiaaeeo iaei? aeiaaeeie iaia?iao oe?eia aeieyiee IE (ii oeaei
wmetafile8? ??c????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????  ? ???&?
?MathType??P?????????u@th?????? O aeiaaeeo aaeeei? aeiaaeeie
iaia?iao aa?oiy iaaea IOAI ia aeinyaa?oueny o oiio aocueeiio iioa?aaei
ciiie wmetafile8? ??c????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????  ? ???&?
?MathType??P?????????u@th?????? Ioaea, aeey aaeeei? aeiaaeeie
iaia?iao cai?ioiee ca’ycie ii wmetafile8? ??›????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? A? ???&?
?MathType?? ?????????u@th?????? Ia ?en. 9 iieacaia iaeanoue
inioaaiiy IOAI a oiiaao iaeneiaeueii iaaaioaaeaii? OAC AAA?-1000. IOAI
inio? a iioa?aaei aoiaeieo oaiia?aoo? ?iaeeie 200-270 wmetafile8?
??c???????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? ?a ???&? ?MathType??????  ????uAth?????? O
aeiaeaoeo A i?eaaaeaii noeneee iien i?ia?aiiiai caaacia/aiiy. I?ia?aie
iaienaii ia yceoei Oo?aiIaneaeue-7. ?icae?oe i?ia?aiiiai caaacia/aiiy
caeia? 196 n.

O aeiaeaoeo A iienaii ciiie a aeeiaii/ieo ?iaiyiiyo i?e aeeeth/aiii
cao?aiiy aioaeueii? ?iaeeie wmetafile8? ??AE????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????  A ???&?
?MathType??P?????????u@th?????? Ciaeaeaii, ui iaoiae
iineiaeiaieo iaaeeaeaiue (II) iiaeaeuo? aaoiiaoecaoeith ?ic?aooieiaiai
aiaeico IOAI i?e oiiai aeinoaoiuei oaeaeei? noiaeeiinoi II. Oea
iiaeeeai ca ?aooiie oiai, ui i?e iaoiaei II aeai?eoi aiaeico noieeinoi
ia caeaaeeoue aiae ?icii?o OI?.

AENIIAEE

1. ?ic?iaeaii oyaeaiiy i?i oa?iiaeonoe/io ianoieeinoue a yaea?iiio
?aaeoi?i (ss?) ye i?i iaeo?iiii-oa?iiaeonoe/io ianoieeinoue (IOAI)
oeyoii o?aooaaiiy aieeao ia ?icaeoie OAI a ss? cai?ioiiai ca’yceo ii
cao?aiith i?yiiai oaieiaeae?eaiiy o ??aeei?.

2. Aeaaaeaii oa?aeoa?enoe/ia ?iaiyiiy IOAI a iaeiiii?iiio iaaeeaeaii?
oeyoii ??oaiiy e?aeiai? caaea/? aeey aaeoi?a ci?iieo, aea ia’?aeiai?
cao?aiiy iae?iia?aiao??a (iaeo?iiiee iio?e, iaeo?iiiee no?oi, aeo?aoa…)
oa i?e?iia?aiao??a ioce?eiaiai eeio/iai iioieo a ss?.

3. ?ic?iaeaia o aeaei eiiieaeno ?ic?aooieiaeo iiaeoeia iaoiaeeea aiaeico
noieeinoi ss? aei IOAI a iaeiii??iiio iaaeeaeaii?. Iaoiaeeea aeienia
aeey aaaaoieaiaeueii? nenoaie, yeui ?icaeyaea?oueny c?iaiaia /anoeia
aeoeaii? ciie, aea ?iciiuothoueny oaieiaeaeieyth/i cai?ee (OAC),
i?eaeecii ?iaii ii iaeo?iiiiio iioieo oa aeo?aoi (oeaio?aeueia /anoeia
aeoeaii? ciie AAA?-1000).

4. I?e aiaeici eiiieaenii? /anoioii? oa?aeoa?enoeee IOAI ciaeaeaii, ui
caeiiiii?iinoi ?icaeoeo IOAI iaoiiaeththoue:

— ciae ia?iaiai eiaoioei?ioa ?aaeoeaiinoi wmetafile8?
??O???????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
???????  @ ???&? ?MathType??P?????????u@th??????-
aac?icii?iee ia?aiao? wmetafile8? ??p????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? @` ???&?
?MathType?? ?????????u@th??????- aeiaaeeia iaia?iao.

5. I?e iayaiinoi wmetafile8? ??!???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????    ???&?
?MathType??P?????????u@th??????6. O aeiaaeeo wmetafile8?
??!??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
???????    ???&? ?MathType??P?????????u@th??????- IOAI
iiaiinoth i?eaeooo?oueny (i?e aeinoaoiuei aaeeeiio ia?aiao?i
wmetafile8? ??p????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? @` ???&?
?MathType?? ?????????u@th??????- IOAI i?eaeooo?oueny /anoeiai(i?e
wmetafile8? ???????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????  ` ???&?
?MathType?? ????`????u@th??????ca ?aooiie c?ooaiiy ieaeiuei?
iaaei. C?ooaiiy aa?oiuei? iaaei cia/ii ia?aaeuo? c?ooaiiy ieaeiuei?
iaaei.

O aeiaaeeo wmetafile8? ??!???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????    ???&?
?MathType??P?????????u@th??????7. A caeaaeiinoi aiae aeiaaeeie
iaia?iao iiaeeeai aeaa i?eioeeiiai ?icieo oeyoe ?icaeoeo IOAI.

— Ia?oee oeyo ?icaeoeo IOAI inio? i?e iaeie aeiaaeeii iaia?iao
(0,4-0,45 i), eiee aa?oiy iaaea IOAI aeinyaa?oueny aei iaaei ii/aoeo
ia’?iiiai eeiiiiy. O oeueiio aeiaaeeo c?ooaiiy aa?oiuei? iaaei IOAI
iiae aieeaii wmetafile8? ??O????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????  @ ???&?
?MathType??P?????????u@th??????- Ae?oaee oeyo ?icaeoeo IOAI
inio? o aeiaaeeo aaeeei? aeiaaeeie iaia?iao (3,5 i), eiee aa?oiy
iaaea IOAI ia aeinyaa?oueny o oiio aocueeiio iioa?aaei ciiie
wmetafile8? ??c????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????  ? ???&?
?MathType??P?????????u@th??????8. IOAI a oiiaao iaeneiaeueii
iaaaioaaeaii? OAC AAA?-1000 inio? a iioa?aaei aoiaeieo oaiia?aoo?
?iaeeie 200-270 wmetafile8? ??c????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ?a ???&?
?MathType??????  ????uAth??????iiiiiaeo, i?e wmetafile8?
??`??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? A? ???&? ?MathType??p????a????u@th??????

NIENIE IIOAEIEIAAIEO I?AOeUe CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOeI?

1. Iaeuo N.I. I?iaeaia iaeo?iiii-oa?iiaeonoe/aneie iaonoie/eainoe //
ssaea?ia Aia?aaoeea.- 1997.- N 4.- C. 36-39.

2. Iaeuo N.I. Iaoiae aiaeeca iauaciiiie iaeo?iiii-oa?iiaeonoe/aneie
iaonoie/eainoe // Iaoeia? i?aoe? iieiaeeo o/aieo IAeIO.-1997.- N.
124-126.

3. Iaeuo N.I. Ia?aiao? «aeueoa» a oai?ee iaeo?iiii-oa?iiaeonoe/aneie
iaonoie/eainoe // Iaoeia? i?aoe? iieiaeeo o/aieo IAeIO.- 1997.- N.
136-139.

4. Iaeeo N. I. Iaeo?iiii-oa?iiaeonoe/ia ianoieeinoue //
Iaoeiaee ainiee IAeIO.- 1999.- N 7.- C. 157-160.

5. Iaeuo N.I. Iaoiae iineaaeiaaoaeueiuo i?eaeeaeaiee a caaea/a
iaeo?iiii-oa?iiaeonoe/aneie iaonoie/eainoe // Ca. iaoeiaeo i?aoeue
Naaanoiiieueneiai ?i-oo yaea?ii? aia?aaoeee oa i?iieneiaino?.- 1999.- N
1.- C. 10-14.

6. Aa?eeaa A.A., Iaeuo N.I. Iaeo?iiii-oa?iiaeonoe/aneay
iaonoie/eainoue a

eaiaea yaea?iiai ?aaeoi?a // Ca. iaoeiaeo i?aoeue Naaanoiiieueneiai
?i-oo yaea?ii? aia?aaoeee oa i?iieneiaino?.- 1999.- N 1.- C. 22-25.

7. Iaeuo N.I. Aeeyiea ia?aoiie nayce ii iaeo?iiiiio iioieo ia ?acaeoea
oa?iiaeonoe/aneie iaonoie/eainoe a eaiaea yaea?iiai ?aaeoi?a // I?aoe?
i?aei. iaoeiai? eiio. «Aeieia?/i?noue oaoiie. i?ioean?a oa ioi?iia
iaaeieeo. na?aaeiaeua».- Iaeana: IAeIO.- 1997.- N. 123-124.

8. Iaeuo N.I. ?an/aoiia enneaaeiaaiea iaeo?iiii-oa?iiaeonoe/aneie
iaonoie/eainoe // I?aoe? thaee. iaoeiai-oaoi?/. eiio.»I?aeaioiaea
eaae??a oa aeieia?/. i?iaeaie aia?aaoeee», i?ena’y/aii? 65-??//th
eao.OAN O?aeueneiai aea?ae. oaoi. oi-oo.- ?eaoa?eiao?a: OAeOO.-
1997. — N. 137-138.

9. Iaeuo N.I. Auaiae oa?aeoa?enoe/aneiai o?aaiaiey oa?iiaeonoe/aneie
ianoaaeeueiinoe a eaiaea aeoeaiie ciiu yaea?iiai ?aaeoi?a: Aeai. a AeIOA
Oe?a?ie 08.02.1996, N 489 — Oe 96.- 50 n.

10. Iaeuo N.I. Auaiae oa?aeoa?enoe/aneiai o?aaiaiey oa?iiaeonoe/aneie
ianoaaeeueiinoe a eaiaea aeoeaiie ciiu yaea?iiai ?aaeoi?a iaoiaeii
iineaaeiaaoaeueiuo i?eaeeaeaiee : Aeai. a AeIOA Oe?a?ie 08.02.1996, N
490 — Oe 96.- 25 n.

11. Iaeuo N.I. Auaiae oa?aeoa?enoe/aneiai o?aaiaiey oa?iiaeonoe/aneie
ianoaaeeueiinoe a aeoeaiie ciia yaea?iiai ?aaeoi?a: Aeai. a AeIOA
Oe?a?ie 08.02.1996, N 491 — Oe 96.- 28 n.

12. Iaeuo N.I. Iaoiaeeea noaoeeiia?iiai ?an/aoa, i?aaeoanoaothuaai
?an/aoo eaaie /anoe oa?aeoa?enoe/aneiai o?aaiaiey oa?iiaeonoe/aneie
ianoaaeeueiinoe a eaiaea yaea?iiai ?aaeoi?a : Aeai. a AeIOA Oe?a?ie
08.02.1996, N 492 — Oe 96.- 60 n.

13. Iaeuo N.I. I?aaeaa?eoaeueiua caia/aiey e ?an/aoiiio aiaeeco
iaeo?iiii-oa?iiaeonoe/aneie iaonoie/eainoe : Aeai. a Oe?. ?IOA?
18.10.1996, N 48 — Oe 96.- 16 n.

14. Iaeuo N.I. ?an/ao ia?iniaea?aeaiey a eaiaea yaea?iiai ?aaeoi?a ia
iniiaa II-iiaeaee iocu?ueeiaiai eeiyuaai iioiea : Aeai. a Oe?. ?IOA?
18.10.1996, N 49 — Oe 96.- 30 n.

15. Iaeuo N.I. Caienue yeaiaioia ooiaeaiaioaeueiie iao?eoeu ?aoaiee a
caaea/a iaeo?iiii-oa?iiaeonoe/aneie iaonoie/eainoe : Aeai. a Oe?. ?IOA?
18.10.1996, N 50 — Oe 96.- 57 n.

Iaeeo N.I. Iaeo?iiii-oa?iiaeonoe/ia ianoieeinoue a eaiaeao yaea?iiai
?aaeoi?a. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoeiy ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoii/ieo
iaoe c oaoo 05.14.14 «Oaieiai oa yaea?ii aia?aionoaiiaee».- Iaeanueeee
aea?aeaaiee iieioaoii/iee oiiaa?neoao, Iaeana, 1999.

Iinoaaeaia i?iaeaia oa?iiaeonoe/ii? ianoieeinoi a yaea?iiio ?aaeoi??
(ss?) c iiaa?oiaaei eeiiiiyi. ?ic?iaeaii oyaeaiiy i?i
iaeo?iiii-oa?iiaeonoe/io ianoieeinoue (IOAI). Aeaaaeaii oa?aeoa?enoe/ia
?iaiyiiy IOAI a iaeiii??iiio iaaeeaeaii?. ?ic?iaeaia o aeaei eiiieaeno
?ic?aooieiaeo iiaeoeia iaoiaeeea aiaeico noieeinoi ss? uiaei IOAI a
iaeiii??iiio iaaeeaeaii?. Iaoiaeeea aeienia aeey aaaaoieaiaeueii?
nenoaie, yeui ?icaeyaea?oueny oeaio?aeueia /anoeia aeoeaii? ciie
AAA?-1000. I?e aiaeici eiiieaenii? /anoioii? oa?aeoa?enoeee IOAI
ciaeaeaii, ui caeiiiii?iinoi ?icaeoeo IOAI iaoiiaeththoue: ciae
ia?iaiai eiaoioei?ioa ?aaeoeaiinoi wmetafile8? ??O????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????  @ ???&?
?MathType??P?????????u@th??????Eeth/ia? neiaa: yaea?iee ?aaeoi?,
iaeo?iiii-oa?iiaeonoe/ia ianoieeinoue, oa?aeoa?enoe/ia ?iaiyiiy,
eiiieaenia /anoioia oa?aeoa?enoeea.

Iaeuo N.I. Iaeo?iiii-oa?iiaeonoe/aneay iaonoie/eainoue a eaiaeao
yaea?iiai ?aaeoi?a. ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.14.14 «Oaieiaua e yaea?iua yia?aionoaiiaee
«.-Iaeanneee ainoaea?noaaiiue iieeoaoie/aneee oieaa?neoao, Iaeanna,
1999.

Iinoaaeaia i?iaeaia oa?iiaeonoe/aneie iaonoie/eainoe a yaea?iii
?aaeoi?a (ss?) n iiaa?oiinoiui eeiaieai. ?acaeoi i?aaenoaaeaiea i
oa?iiaeonoe/aneie iaonoie/eainoe a yaea?iii ?aaeoi?a (ss?) eae i
iaeo?iiii-oa?iiaeonoe/aneie iaonoie/eainoe (IOAI). Acaeiinaycaiu
neaaeothuea eieaeueiua aiciouaiey: ?ino aeaaeaiey
picscalex100010009000003880000000200120000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c026001e0011200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
0000c0ffffff26000000a0010000860100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
0000300010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002
040000002d01000008000000320a0001340001000000ae000a00000026060f000a00ffff
ffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374
656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f0010000030000000000 naeaoea iocu?ae e
oiaiueoaiea oaeaeueiiai iauaiiiai ia?iniaea?aeaiey wmetafile8?
??p???????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? `  ???&? ?MathType??@????a?????u?th??????1.
Ia?aoiay naycue ii aiciouaieth iaeo?iiiiai iioieawmetafile8?
??›???????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? ?  ???&? ?MathType?? ????@????u?th??????2. *oiau
iaeoe caeiiiia?iinoe IOAI iaiaoiaeeii ?ann/eoaoue eiiieaenioth
/anoioioth oa?aeoa?enoeeo (E*O) ia iniiaa oa?aeoa?enoe/aneiai o?aaiaiey
IOAI.

Iieo/aii oa?aeoa?enoe/aneia o?aaiaiea IOAI a ss? aeey iaeiiia?iiai
neo/ay. Aeey iienaiey i?ioeannia i?e ?acaeoee IOAI eniieueciaaiu
neaaeothuea iniiaiua o?aaiaiey: 1) Aeeooocee iaeo?iiia; 2)
Oaieii?iaiaeiinoe oayea; 3) Aeaeaeaiey aeaoooaciiai iioiea a
oaieiiaiaiiii eaiaea; 4) Aeaeaeaiey iocu?ae io iiiaioa io?uaa aei
iiiaioa noeiiuaaiey. I?eiyou iaeiia?oiiiaay aeeoooceiiiay iiaeaeue
iaeo?iiiiai iiey e iaeiiia?iia i?eaeeaeaiea. A ea/anoaa i?ino?ainoaaiiie
eii?aeeiaou aunooiaao aeneaeueiay eii?aeeiaoa z.

Eniieuecoaony iaoiae aiaeeca onoie/eainoe ii eeiaa?eciaaiiui o?aaiaieyi
aeeiaieee.

?ac?aaioaia a aeaea eiiieaena ?an/aoiuo iiaeoeae iaoiaeeea aiaeeca
onoie/eainoe ss? e IOAI a iaeiiia?iii i?eaeeaeaiee. Iaoiaeeea i?eaiaeia
ia oieueei aeey iaeeii/iiai eaiaea, ii oaeaea aeey iiiaieaiaeueiie
nenoaiu, anee ?anniao?eaaaony au?iaiaiiay /anoue aeoeaiie ciiu, aaea
?aniieaaathony oaieiauaeaeythuea nai?ee OAN, i?eia?ii eaeaioe/iua ii
iaeo?iiiiio iioieo e ?anoiaeo (oeaio?aeueiay /anoue aeoeaiie ciiu
AAY?-1000). I?e aiaeeca eiiieaeniie /anoioiie oa?aeoa?enoeee IOAI
iaeaeaii, /oi caeiiiia?iinoe ?acaeoey IOAI ii?aaeaeytho:

— ciae ia?iaiai eiyooeoeeaioa ?aaeoeaiinoe wmetafile8?
??O???????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
???????  @ ???&? ?MathType??P?????????u@th??????-
aac?acia?iue ia?aiao? wmetafile8? ??p????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? @` ???&?
?MathType?? ?????????u@th??????oaieiauaeaeaiey a aeeaeeinoe (ca
n/ao oi?iiaeaiey iaeo?iiia e wmetafile8? ??p????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????    ???&?
?MathType??P?????

????u@th??????- aeeeia iaia?aaa.

I?e iaee/ee wmetafile8? ??!???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????    ???&?
?MathType??P?????????u@th??????onoaoaeyaony ii n?aaiaieth ni
neo/aai wmetafile8? ??-???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????    ???&?
?MathType??P?????????u@th?????? A neo/aa wmetafile8?
??!??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
???????    ???&? ?MathType??P?????????u@th??????1. IOAI
iieiinoueth iiaeaaeyaony (i?e aeinoaoi/ii aieueoii ia?aiao?a
wmetafile8? ??p????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? @` ???&?
?MathType?? ?????????u@th??????2. IOAI iiaeaaeyaony /anoe/ii (i?e
wmetafile8? ???????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????  ` ???&?
?MathType?? ????`????u@th??????IOAI i?ienoiaeeo eae ca n/ao
naeaeaa aa?oiae a?aieoeu, oae e ca n/ao naeaeaa ieaeiae a?aieoeu.
Naeaea aa?oiae a?aieoeu iaiiiai i?aainoiaeeo naeaea ieaeiae a?aieoeu.

A neo/aa wmetafile8? ??!???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????    ???&?
?MathType??P?????????u@th?????? A caaeneiinoe io aeeeiu
iaia?aaa aiciiaeiu aeaa i?eioeeieaeueii ?acee/iuo noeaia?ey ?acaeoey
IOAI. Ia?aue noeaia?ee ?acaeoey IOAI ?aaeecoaony i?e iaeie aeeeia
iaia?aaa (0,4-0,45 i), eiaaea aa?oiyy a?aieoea IOAI aeinoeaaaony aei
a?aieoeu ia/aea iauaiiiai eeiaiey. A yoii neo/aa naeaea aa?oiae
a?aieoeu IOAI iiae aeeyieai wmetafile8? ??O????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????  @ ???&?
?MathType??P?????????u@th?????? Aoi?ie noeaia?ee ?acaeoey IOAI
?aaeecoaony a neo/aa aieueoie aeeeiu iaia?aaa (3,5 i), eiaaea aa?oiyy
a?aieoea IOAI ia aeinoeaaaony a oii oceii aeeaiaciia eciaiaiey
wmetafile8? ??c????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????  ? ???&?
?MathType??P?????????u@th?????? Iineieueeo i?e yenieoaoaoeee
AAY?-1000 aiciiaeiu ?aaeeiu n iiieaeaiiie wmetafile8?
??U???????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? `  ???&? ?MathType??p?????????u@th??????Eeth/aaua
neiaa: yaea?iue ?aaeoi?, iaeo?iiii-oa?iiaeonoe/aneay iaonoie/eainoue,
oa?aeoa?enoe/aneia o?aaiaiea, eiiieaeniay /anoioiay oa?aeoa?enoeea.

Pelykh S.N. Neutron-thermoacoustic instability in nuclear reactor
channels. — Manuskript.

Thesis for a Candidate’s degree by speciality 05.14.14 «Heat and
nuclear power plants».- Odessa State Polytechnical University, Odessa,
1999.

The problem of neutron-thermoacoustic instability (NTAI) in a nuclear
reactor channel with surface boiling is raised. The idea about the
physical mechanism of NTAI has been developed. The characteristic
equation of NTAI has been derived. The method for one-dimension
calculation analysis of NTAI has been worked out.

The method can be used when the central part of active core is under
consideration. Analysing complex frequency characteristics, it was
found, that the heating length and the sign of steam reactivity
koefficient determine the NTAI way to develop. The first case is when
the heating length is too short (about 40-45 cm ). In this case the
upper border of NTAI is situated under the border of volume boiling. The
upper border of NTAI is able to shift up to the volume boiling border in
this first case. In the second case we have got long heating
lengths (about 3.5 m). When the heating length is long, the volume
boiling border is too close to the surface boiling border. In fact, the
volume boiling border is the limit of the upper border of NTAI in the
case of long heating lengths. The area of NTAI for the VVER-1000
central part conditions has been found. NOAI was found in the input
liquid temperature interval 200-270 C.

Key words: nuclear reactor, neutron-thermoacoustic instability,
characteristic equation, complex frequency characteristic.

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