I?I?NOA?NOAI IOI?IIE CAeI?IA’ss OE?A?IE

E?EINUeEEE ?ANIOAEIEAINUeEEE IAeI OICE*IEO

IAOIAeIA EIEOAAIIss OA IAAeE*II? EEIIAOIEIAI? ii.I.I.Na/aiiaa

OAeE.612.217+612.24.656.2-05.2

AAA?EIA Na?a?e Oaaei?iae/

IAAeINOAOIINOUe EIIAeEOeIIIOTH*I? OOIEOeI? AeEOAEUeIIAI

AIA?AOO I?E EAAAIAAI-NA?OeAAEO CAOAI?THAAIIssO

(E?IOA?I?, A?AAeAOeIss, AeIAAIINOEEA, EI?AEOeIss)

14.01.27 — Ioeueiiiieia?y

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

aeieoi?a iaaee/ieo iaoe

sseoa — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioo aeeiiaii o Aeiiaoeueoiio aea?aeaaiiio iaaee/iiio oi?aa?neoao?
?i.I.I.Ai?ueeiai I?i?noa?noaa ioi?iie caei?ia’y Oe?a?ie

Iaoeia? eiinoeueoaioe: aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? N?iy/aiei A.A.,
Aeiiaoeueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao, i?ioani? eaoaae?e
aini?oaeueii? oa?ai??.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: i?ioani? *oo???iei Iaii?eea Aeieo???aia,
Aei?i?iiao?ianueea iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y, caa?aeoaa/ea eaoaae?ith
aioio?oi?o oa?ia c oeeeeii n?iaeii? iaaeeoeeie;

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio I?ioethe ?.A., Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaee/iee
oi?aa?neoao ?i.I.I.Aiaiiieueoey, eaoaae?a ooec?ao??? c eo?nii
ioeueiiiieia??, aeioeaio;

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, ss?io Ieaenaiae? Ieoaeeiae/, E?einueeee
?anioae?eainueeee IAe? o?ce/ieo iaoiae?a e?eoaaiiy oa iaaee/ii?
ee?iaoieia?? ?i.?.I.N?/aiiaa, canooiiee aee?aeoi?a.

I?ia?aeia i?aaiecaoe?y; ?inoeooo ooec?ao??? ? ioeueiiiieia??
?i.O.A.ssiianueeiai aeaaeai?? iaaee/ieo iaoe Oe?a?ie,
ee?ieei-ooieoe?iiaeueia a?aeae?eaiiy,i.Ee?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 03.06.1999?. i 11-00 aiae. ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaiii? A/aii? ?aaee Ae53.610.01 a E?einueeiio
?anioae?eainueeiio IAe? o?ce/ieo iaoiae?a e?eoaaiiy oa iaaee/ii?
ee?iaoieia?? ?i.?.I.Na/aiiaa (334203, i.sseoa, aoe.Ioo?ia, 8)

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeii iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? E?einnueeiai
?anioae?eainueeiai IAe? o?ce/ieo iaoiae?a e?eoaaiiy oa iaaee/ii?
ee?iaoieia?? ?i.?.I.N?/aiiaa ca aae?anith 334203, i.sseoa, aoe.Ioo?ia,
8.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 29.04.1999?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii?

A/aii? ?aaee I’yieia I.O.

Aeooaeueiinoue i?iaeaie. O?iii/ii ianiaoeeoi/ii caoai?thaaiiy eaaaiue
(OICE) oa na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie ana aieueoa ?iciioe?ththoueny i ?
aieiaieie a ?yaeo i?e/ei iiai?oaiiy caei?ia’y, oei/aniai?
iai?aoeacaeaoiinoi oa iiaaeiaeicaoei? (I.E.Aoeaoia,1964; A.I.*acia,1982;
I.A.Iooia, I.E.Aoeaoia,1975; I.I.TH?ai?a,1975; I.?.Aaiaeiia,1972;
I.?.Aaiaeiia oa niiaaao.,1982, Ei?eooei I.A., Iaaiia E.A.,1995; Oauaiei
TH.E. oa niiaaao.,1995). Oiio i?iaeaia oaeineiiaeaiiy i ?ic?iaee iiaeo
niiniaia aeiaaiinoeee, iiaeaeuaiiy aooaeoeaiinoi i?ioieaeoeee oa
eieoaaiiy oeeo caoai?thaaiue iaaoaa? iniaeeai? aeooaeueiinoi,
nioeiaeueiiai oa aea?aeaaiiai cia/aiiy.

Ineieueee i?e oai?iaao ea?aeii?anii?aoi?ii? nenoaie aei iaoieiai/iiai
i?ioeano ia?aeiii aai aoi?eiii caaaeaee caeo/a?oueny aia?ao aeeoaiiy, oi
aei ioeiiee eiai ooieoeiiiaeueiiai noaio aaeathoueny i?e ?eoaii?
aaaaoueio ee?i?/ieo caaea/. Iaeiae i?e oeueiio iaia’yceiaie ioeiioei a
eeiii/iie i?aeoeoei iiaeeyaa? eeoa niaoeeoi/ia —aaciiaiiiia ooieoeiy
aia?aoo aeeoaiiy, iacaaaeath/e ia oa, ui eiio i?eoaiaiii, ye oea
c’ynoaaeiny a ia?iiae inoaiiueiai aeanyoe?i//y, i ianiaoeeoi/ii ooieoei?
— iaoaaiei/ia, aa?’??ia, oa?ii?aaoeyoi?ia, nae?aoi?ia, aene?aoi?ia,
i/enia, anenia (A.I.Iieioeia, 1970; A.I. Iieioeia, Eoiaei?a TH.I. oa
niiaao., 1985; Aanooaeaaa N.A.,1988, 1995, *o/aeii A.A., Iaaaeaoeeyi
A.I. oa ii., 1985), yei, oi/a e ia aa?ooue aaciina?aaeiuei? o/anoi a
aaciiaiiii, iaeiae caaacia/othoue iaiaoiaeii oiiae aeey eiai
caeieniaiiy.

Iaeii?th ic ieo ? eiiaeeoeiiioth/a ooieoeiy aeeoaeueiiai aia?aoo (EOAeA)
— eiai aeanoeainoue noaaieicoaaoe oaiia?aoo?o iiaio?y, ui iaaeoiaeeoue a
aeueaaiee, oiaoi cia?iaaoe eiai aai ioieiaeaeoaaoe iiae /an aeeoaiiy
aa?y/ei iiaio?yi aei iaaiiai, eiinoaioiiai ?iaiy 34,5 — 35,5 °N
(O.O.Aaa?eia i niiaaao.1960-1985;Aei?ioaiei I.I..,1974). I?i ?? noai, ye
i?aaeei, noaeyoue ii oaiia?aoo?i aeueaaiey?iiai iiaio?y, ui
aeaeeoa?oueny (OAIA), a a ia?iiae inoaiiio ?ieia — i ii
iiaaiieaei?eiao?e/iiio iieacieeiai ?anii?aoi?ieo oaieiaeo?aoao ia
cia?iaaiiy iiaio?y, yea aaeeoa?oueny, a ia’?ii AE?E, oae caaii?
iaeneiaeueii? eaei?e/ii? ?ieinoi — IE?.

Iaeiae, ?icii aniaeoe i?iaeaie aeiaaiinoeee oa eieueeinii? ioeiiee
iaaeinoaoiinoi aeaii? ooieoei? aei ii/aoeo iaoeo aeineiaeaeaiue acaaaei
ia ?ic?iaeyeeny, a oiio aiaeiiinoi c aeaiiai ieoaiiy ae?ae iaiaaeaii.

Aiaeic i ocaaaeueiaiiy iayaieo o eioa?aoo?i iiai/ieo aeaieo i?i iiaeeeai
iaoiaaiaoe/ii ianeiaeee cieaeaiiy eiiaeeoeiiioth/eo iiaeeeainoae
aeeoaeueiiai aia?aoo iieacothoue, ui oea iiaea neoaeeoe ia?oii?e/eiith
neeaaeiiai eaioethaa iaoiaaiaoe/ieo ianeiaeeia, ui ?icaeaathoueny
iineiaeiaii aai iaeii/anii.

Ii-ia?oa, iaaeia?iaaiiy aeeoaeueiiai iiaio?y i?ecaiaeeoue aei oa?ii/ii?
aeanoaaieicaoei? aaciaiai neeaaeo aeueaaiey?iiai iiaio?y i aei nooo?aeo
ciii a?aaei?ioo I2 oa NI2, ui iiaea ni?e/eieoe ?icaeoie aiia?eaiii?,
aiia?aaioeeyoei? oa aeeaeico (Caeioeiia A.I., 1965; Aaa?eia O.O.,
Iaiyoee A.I.,1964; Aa?ineiia A.I., Aa?iao A.ss.,1988); ii-ae?oaa, ca
?aooiie iaaeinoaoiinoi EOAeA aiaeaoaa?oueny iaaaeaeaaoia ioieiaeaeaiiy
neeciaeo oa iioeo no?oeoo? (oa?ii?aoeaioi?ia) aeeoaeueiiai aia?aoo, ui
i?ecaiaeeoue aei ?icaeoeo iinoeaaeo aaciaeeeyoaoi?ieo oa
aacieiino?eeoi?ieo ?aaeoeie i a?iioiniacio, ?aoeaeoi?ii iiaeaeuo?oueny
oiion ei?iia?ieo noaeei, noaeei aieiaiiai iiceo oa oeoieiai-eeoeiaiai
o?aeoo (Bass C.,1986; Freeman L.I.,1985; Nisam M.,1986).

Ana oea ?acii ocyoa ia iiaea ia aiaeaeaaoeny iaaaoeaii ia
i?aoeacaeaoiinoi, noaiiai caei?ia’y oa aaeaioaoeieieo iiaeeeainoyo
i?aaiicio (Aaa?eia O.O.,1982; Aiae???aa A.O.,1974) i ? iaeii?th ic
i?e/ei ui aeeeeea? caoai?thaaiiy, aai oneeaaeith? ?o ia?aaia. Oae, c
iaaeinoaoiinoth EOAeA, oiaoi c iaiaaeaiith caeaoiinoth aeeoaeueiiai
aia?aoo cia?iaaoe /e ioieiaeaeoaaoe aeeoaeueia iiaio?y aeayei aaoi?e
iia’ycothoue aino?? ?anii?aoi?ii caoai?thaaiiy (Aei?ioaiei ?.?.., 1974),
aiaiie (Iaeue/oi A.O.,1988), ?eiioe (A?eyeiaa E.A.,1988), iiaaiiii?,
a?iioioe, o?aoaia?iioioe (Aaa?eeia A.A.,1961), noaiiea?aeith oieiaeiaiai
aaiaco oa oice/iiai coneeey (Eacaaiee E.A. oa niiaaao.,1993),
a?iioiniaci oa a?iioiaeueio anoio (Godphrey,1988), aiiiene/ii oa
aiia?eaiie/ii noaie (Aaa?eia O.O., 1964), aiia?aaioeeyoeieiee neiae?ii,
anoio oice/iiai iai?oaeaiiy (MacFaden E.P.,1986), “iiiee” oa
“iaii?iaeaiiy eaaaiue” i?e aeno?aiaeueieo oaieiaeo oa oieiaeiaeo aieeaao
(Ai?enia A.A., Ea?i A.I.,1986; sseiaeaa A.I.,1990).

Iaaeinoaoiinoue EOAeA, ai?iioa, aeanoeai ?e iaoiaaiaoe/ii ianeiaeee,
iaiaaii aiaaoi a /iio aecia/athoue i neiioiiaoeeo, i ia?aaia oai?ia, ca
yeeo aiia ia? iinoea. Iacaaaeath/e ia oea, EOAeA a oe?ieie eeiii/iie oa
iieieeiii/iie i?aeoeoei acaaaei ia ioeiith?oueny i ia aa?aoueny aei
oaaae iiae /an ianoaaeaiiy oai?eo, ui iiynith?oueny aiaenooiinoth
i?eaeaoiiai aeey i?aeoeee niiniao aeyaeaiiy oa aeeoa?aioeiaeueii?
ioeiiee iaaeinoaoiinoi EOAeA, ?? e?eoa?ith, a?aaeaoei? (eeaneoieaoei?)
iaaeinoaoiinoi oei?? ooieoei? i iieacieeia, oiaoi ia?aeieo
caoai?thaaiue, i?e yeeo aeioeieueia aeei?enoaiiy niiniao aeey ae?ioaiiy
eeiii/ieo caaaeaiue a ea?aeiiioeueiiiieiai/iee i?aeoeoei, a aieiaia
—aiaenooiinoth niaoeiaeueii?, ui aeiocea?oueny na?ieii
iiaaiioa?iieaei?eiao?e/ii? aia?aoo?e. Ia onoiaiiy oeeo oa iioeo i?iaieia
c aeaii? i?iaeaie i ni?yiiaaia iaoa aeineiaeaeaiiy.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeineiaeaeaiiy. Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy: iiaeaeuaiiy
aoaeoeaiinoi ooieoeiiiaeueii? aeiaaiinoeee, eieoaaiiy e i?ioieaeoeee
eaaaiaai-na?oeaaeo caoai?thaaiue ca ?aooiie ?ic?iaee e?eoa?ith, niiniao
aeiaaiinoeee oa ioeiiee ae?aaeaiinoi iaaeinoaoiinoi EOAeA oa ??
ei?aeoei?.

Caaaeaiiy aeineiaeaeaiiy:

1.?ic?iaeoe niinia aeiaaiinoeee iaaeinoaoiinoi EOAeA, ?? e?eoa?ie oa
a?aaeaoeith (eeaneoieaoeith) aeey iiaeeaiaeoaeueii? ioeiiee ??
ae?aaeaiinoi a oe?ieie eeiii/iie i?aeoeoei.

2.Aeei?enoiaoth/e ?ic?iaeaiee niinia, aea/eoe /anoioo i ae?aaeaiinoue
iaaeinoaoiinoi EOAeA na?aae oai?eo, eio?i no?aaeaeathoue ia eaaaiaai oa
na?oeaai-noaeeiii caoai?thaaiiy, i, oaeei /eiii, c’ynoaaoe eiai
aoaeoeaiinoue aeey oeeo oeieae.

3.C’ynoaaoe ?ieue ii?ooaiue aa?i- oa aaiiaeeiaiiee o oi?ioaaiii
iaaeinoaoiinoi EOAeA oeyoii aea/aiiy ei?aeyoeieieo aca?iiaiaeiioaiue ??
e?eoa?ith c ooieoeiiiaeueieie iieacieeaie ea?aeii?anii?aoi?ii? nenoaie.

4.Ioeiieoe aoaeoeaiinoue niiniao aeiaaiinoeee iaaeinoaoiinoi EOAeA oa
eiai e?eoa?ith aeey ioeiiee ?acoeueoao?a eieoaaiiy eaaaiaai-na?oeaaeo
caoai?thaaiue oa ei?aeoei? EOAeA.

5.?ic?iaeoe i?eioeeiiai aeie-noaie aeaeo?iiieo i?eno?i?a aeey aieueo
oi/ii? ia’?eoeaii? ?a?no?aoei? iiaaiieaei?eiao?e/ieo iieacieeia oa
e?eoa?ith iaaeinoaoiinoi EOAeA, cieaeaiiy o?oaeiiinoeinoi i?ioeaaeo?e
aeineiaeaeaiiy i iiaeaethaaiiy EOAeA.

6.?ic?iaeoe ia caiiio oanoo PWC170 aaciaaaioaaeoaaeueiee oano aeey
eieueeinii? ioeiiee oice/ii? i?aoeacaeaoiinoi i ca eiai aeiiiiiaith
ioa?aeoa?ecoaaoe ?? noai i?e aea/aieo caoai?thaaiiyo
ea?aeii?anii?aoi?ii? nenoaie. Oea caaaeaiiy aoei iinoaaeaia oaea a oiaei
aeineiaeaeaiue, ui i?iaiaeeeeny.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie.

?iaioa aeeiioaaeany ye naiinoieii o?aaiaioe ?ic?iaethaaieo o
Aeiiaoeueeiio iaaee/iiio iinoeoooi iiae ea?iaieoeoaii i?io. Aaa?eiaa
O.O. oaeeo eiiieaenieo oai:

1.”Aea/aiiy eiiaeeoeiiioth/i? ooieoei? aia?aoo aeeoaiiy i?e
ooieoeiiiaeueii-iaaaioaaeoaaeueieo i?iaao a ii?ii i iaoieiai? aeey
?ic?iaee aieueo aoaeoeaiiai iiaaiioa?iiiao?e/iiai niiniao
ooieoeiiiaeueii? aeiaaiinoeee (aiaeiiaiaeaeueiee aeeiiaaaoeue —
e.i.i.N.O.Aaa?eia). C i?iaeaie AeEIO N 23 0012.81; nithcii? i?iaeaie-N
23.01 oa ?anioaeieainueei? N 23 ia 1981-1985 ?.?. Aea?ae?a?no?aoeiy N
81063307.

2.”?ic?iaea iaoiaeeee iiaaiioa?iieaei?iiao?e/iii ioeiiee
ooieoeiiiaeueiiai noaio ea?aeii?anii?aoi?ii? nenoaie i oeyoia ??
aeei?enoaiiy iiae /an i?ioiaeyaeia i?aoeiaieeia eieiiioeaieo a?eaaae oa
a eeiii/iie i?aeoeoei” — aini-aeiaiai?ia oaia (aiaeiiaiaeaeueiee
aeeiiaaaoeue — e.i.i. Aaa?eia N.O.) c nithcii? i?iaeaie N 23-01 oa
?anioaeieainueei? N 03 ia 1980-1982 ?.?., ?a?no?aoeieiee N 80067380.

3.”Oaeineaiaeaiiy oa iaa?oiooaaiiy iaoiaee/ieo iniia iiaaiieaei?eiao?i?
aeey oeieae aeni?an-aeiaaiinoeee iaaeinoaoiinoi EOAeA i?e ?aaiaoe/ieo
caoai?thaaiiyo oa OICE, ioeiiea i i?iaiicoaaiiy aoaeoeaiinoi
aieeioa?iaeioa?aii? (aiaeiiaiaeaeueiee aeeiiaaaoeue — e.i.i.
N.O.Aaa?eia), iiaeoaia eiiieaenii? oaie “Aaeaioeaii ?aaeoei? i?aaiicio
oa ?o ?ieue a oa?aiii ?aaiaoi?aeiiai a?o?eoo” (ea?iaiee i?io.
A.A.Neiy/aiei), ui ?ic?iaeyeany ca eiiieaeniei ieaiii IIC O?N? ia
1986-1990 ?.?. A.I. 2502.86:25.03 ?aaiaoeci.

?iaioa aeeiioaaeany c 1980 ii 1985 ?. ia eaoaae?i ii?iaeueii?
oiciieiai? (caa.— i?io.A.I.Eacaeia) oa iaeaniie eeiiioei
i?iocaoai?thaaiue (aieiaiee eiea?ue — I.Ae. Oaooai), c 1986 ii 1998 ?.
ia eeiii/iie aaci ( iinueea ioeueiiiieiai/ia aiaeaeieaiiy— caa. A.O.
A?a/ei) eaoaae?e aini?oaeueii? oa?ai?? (caa. — i?io.A.O.Aaooo?i).

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aia?oa noi?ioeueiaaii iiiyooy
iaaeinoaoiinoi EOAeA ye ?aciiaeaeiinoi iaoieiai?, nooue yei? iieyaa? a
iaiaaeaiii ooieoeiiiaeueieo (oaieiaaiieo i oieiaeiaaiieo) iiaeeeainoae
aeeoaeueiiai aia?aoo (AeA) ye aiieiai/iiai eiiaeeoeiiia?a, ui
i?iyaey?oueny iaaeia?iaaiiyi aeaeeooaaiiai iiaio?y oa nei?i/aiiyi
?anii?aoi?ieo oaieiaeo?ao ia cia?iaaiiy aeeoaeueiiai iiaio?y a ia’?ii
aeeoo?ai? ?ieino? eaaai?a (AE?E), i iaceaa?oueny iaeneiaeueiith
eaei?e/iith ?ieinoth (IE?) aeeoaeueiiai aia?aoo.

Aeey aeiaaiinoeee iaaeinoaoiinoi EOAeA cai?iiiiiaaii i?eaiiaeueiee
niaoeeoi/iee e?eoa?ie — iiaaiieaei?eiao?e/iee iiaeaen (IEI), yeee yaey?
niaith aiaeiioaiiy ?icieoei iiae oaeoe/iith i iaiaoiaeiith aaee/eiith
IE? e iaiaoiaeiie aaee/eii, a %%, i aiaeia?aaea? nooiiiue iaaeinoaoiinoi
EOAeA o %.

Aia?oa onoaiiaeaii ei?aeyoeieii aca?iica’ycee iiae e?eoa?i?i
iaaeinoaoiinoi EOAeA — IEI oa ?icieie nii?iiao?e/ieie, aaiiaeeiaii/ieie
i a?aiiao?e/ieie iieacieeaie oice/ii? i?aoeacaeaoiinoi (OI) oai?eo,
?ic?iaeaii aaciaaaioaaeoaaeueiee, iiaaiieaei?eiao?e/iee niinia
eieueeinii? ioeiiee OI.

Oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe. Ia iiaenoaai ocaaaeueiaiiy eioa?aoo?ieo i
aeanieo aeaieo noi?ioeueiaaii iiiyooy iaaeinoaoiinoi EOAeA i
iiaeeeainoue ?? aeieeiaiiy i?e eaaaiaai-na?oeaaeo caoai?thaaiiyo oa ??
iaoiaaiaoe/ii ianeiaeee.

Onoaiiaeaii caeaaeiinoue iaaeinoaoiinoi aeaii? ooieoei? aiae noaio aa?i
—oa aaiiaeeiaiiee i, cia/eoue, aaeaeaaoiinoue ?? e?eoa?ith ye
iioaa?aoeaiiai iieacieea ooieoeiiiaeueieo iiaeeeainoae
ea?aeii?anii?aoi?ii? nenoaie a oeieiio.

Iaa?oioiaaia i?e/aiiinoue aei eiiaeeoeiioaaiiy aeeoaeueiiai iiaio?y ia
oieueee aeeoaeueieo oeyoia, ye oea aoei i?eeiyoi aaaaeaoe ?aiioa, a e
a?iioiiei-aeueaaiey?iiai aiaeaeieo.

I?aeoe/ia oeiiiinoue ?iaioe. C iaoith aeei?enoaiiy a oe?ieie eeiii/iie
i?aeoeoei ?ic?iaeaii i?eaiiaeueiee iiaaiieaei?eiao?e/iee niinia
aeiaaiinoeee oa eieueeinii? ioeiiee o?ueio nooiaiia iaaeinoaoiinoi EOAeA
c ia?inoath/ith ?? ae?aaeaiinoth — I1, I2, I3 oa aiaenooiinoi ?? I0.

Aia?oa i?aaenoaaeaii ii?iaiyeueio oa?aeoa?enoeeo iaaeinoaoiinoi EOAeA
o oai?eo ia neeieic, aio?aeic, aio?aeineeieic, o?iii/iee a?iioio,
a?iioiaeueio anoio, iioa?eo iiiea?aea, ?aaiiea?aeeo oa aiia?oiii/io
oai?iao. Iieacaii iiaeeeainoue ei?aeoei? iaaeinoaoiinoi EOAeA ca
aeiiiiiaith iaoiaeia eieoaaiiy, yei canoiniaothoueny a eeiii/iie
i?aeoeoei, oa i?yio caeaaeiinoue ae?aaeaiinoi aiaeoai?aiiy iieacieeia
aiae ?acoeueoaoeaiinoi eieoaaiiy.

Aeey ?aaeicaoei? niiniao ?ic?iaeaii i?eioeeiiao noaio
iiaaiioa?iieaei?eiao?e/ii? aeaeo?iiii? aia?aoo?e, aoaeiao iiaeaei
aeeoaeueiiai aia?aoo aeey aeaiiino?aoei? iaoaiicio eiiaeeoeiiioaaiiy
aeeoaeueiiai iiaio?y e ?iei a oeueiio eaaaiaai? aaiiaeeiaiiee, iaoiaeeeo
oa aeai?eoi iiaaiieaei?eiao?e/iiai ianoaaeaiiy oai?eo c i?ia?aiith eiai
eiii’thoa?iiai caaacia/aiiy.

Aeey aeei?enoaiiy a iaaee/iie i?aeoeoei ?ic?iaeaii e aeaeaii o
niiaaaoi?noai:

1.Iaoiaee/ii ?aeiiaiaeaoei? uiaei iiaaiioa?iieaei?eiao?e/ii? ioeiiee
eiiaeeoeiiioth/ith ooieoei? aeeoaeueiiai aia?aoo.-Aeiiaoeuee, 1982.-21
n.

2. Iiaaiioa?iieaei?eiao?e/iee niinia aeeoa?aioeiaeueii? ioeiiee eii
aeeoeiiioth/i? ooieoei? aeeoaeueiiai aia?aoo: Iaoiae.
?aeiiaiaeaoei?.-Aeiiaoeuee, 1985.-8 n.

3.Niiniae ioeiiee eiiaeeoeiiioth/i? ooieoei? aeeoaeueiiai aia?aoo:
Iaoiae. ?aeiiaiaeaoei?.-Aeiiaoeuee, 1985.-3 n.

4.Iaoiaee/ii ?aeiiaiaeaoei? uiaei iiaeaethaaiiy oa ioeiiee
eiiaeeoeiiioth/i? ooieoei? aeeoaeueiiai aia?aoo a iaa/aeueiiio i?ioeani
(Aeey aeeeaaea/ia).-Ee?a: ?IE IIC O?N?.-1987.-12 n.

5.Eiii’thoa?ia aeiaaiinoeea oaeoi?ia ?eceeo o?iii/ieo ianiaoeeoi/ieo
caoai?thaaiue eaaaiue: Iioi?iaoeieiee eeno.-Aeiiaoeuee, 1995.-1 n.

6.Iiaeaeue aeeoaeueiiai aia?aoo aeey iiaeaethaaiiy eiiaeeoeiiioth/i?
ooieoei? aeeoaeueiiai aia?aoo a iaoeiaiio oa iaa/aeueiiio i?ioeani
iaaee/ieo iinoeoooia oa oiiaa?neoaoia (A.N. N 1358932. Ioe?uoey e
ecia?aoaiey NNN?.-1987, N 46).

7.I?eeaae aeey ?a?no?aoei? eaei?eiao?e/ieo ia?aiao?ia aeeoaiiy (A.N. N
1223064. Ioe?uoey e ecia?aoaiey NNN?.-1986,N 13).

8.I?eeaae aeey aeii?thaaiiy oa?iiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao?ia aeeoaiiy (A.N.
N 1052217. Ioe?uoey e ecia?aoaiey NNN?.-1986, N 41).

Iniiaii iieiaeaiiy, ui aeiinyoueny ia caoeno:

1.Iiaaiieaei?eiao?e/iee niinia aeiaaiinoeee oa aeeoa?aioeieii? ioeiiee
eieueeiniiai ae?aaeaiiy iaaeinoaoiinoi EOAeA aeeth/a? ?? e?eoa?ie —
iiaaiieaei?eiao?e/iee iiaeaen (IEI) e a?aaeaoeith iaaeinoaoiinoi EOAeA.

2.Caoeuaiee o?ueiia aaoi?nueeeie iinaiae/aiiyie ia aeiaoiaee, oaeee, ui
ia ia? aiaeiaia, iiaaiieaei?eiao? oa eiii’thoa?ia i?ia?aia iiaaiieaei
?eiao?e/iiai ianoaaeaiiy oai?eo caaacia/othoue ?ic?aooiie oaeoe/ieo oa
iaeaaeieo iiaaiieaei?eiao?e/ieo ia?aiao?ia aeeoaiiy, ?o o?eaaea
aeaeo?iiia caa?iaaiiy, aeaea/o caeeth/aiiy i?i nooiiiue ae?aaeaiinoi
iaaeinoaoiinoi EOAeA a ?aaeueiiio ianooaao /ano.

3.Iaaeinoaoiinoue aeeoaiiy oa e?iaiaiao a?athoue nooo?ao ?ieue a
eiiaeeoeiiioaaiii aeeoaeueiiai iiaio?y, ui i?iyaey?oueny a oiniie
ei?aeyoei? oa niieo/aiinoi IEI c iniiaieie ooieoeiiiaeueieie iieacieeaie
ea?aeii?anii?aoi?ii? nenoaie, nooiaiai eaaaiaai? oa na?oeaai?
iaaeinoaoiinoi, a cieaeaiii eiiaeeoeiiioth/eo iiaeeeainoae aeeoaeueiiai
aia?aoo i?e ii?ooaiii aa?i- oa aaiiaeeiaiiee a iiaeaeueieo
aeineiaeaeaiiyo i?e aiii- e aiia?aieai?? a aenia?eiaioi ia oaa?eiao.

4.Aeyaeaii aenieo /anoioo iaaeinoaoiinoi EOAeA i?e oai?iaao i?aaiia
aeeoaiiy (iiaaiieiiiice oaooa?ia, o?iii/iee a?iioio, a?iioiaeueia anoia)
oa e?iaiaiao (ION, ?aaiiea?aeeo, aiia?oiii/ia oai?iaa), a ??
ae?aaeaiinoue aecia/a?oueny iicieiai?th, iniaeeainoyie ia?aaiao,
noaaei?th caoai?thaaiiy.

5.Iiaaieaei?eiao?e/iee niinia aoaeoeaiee ia eeoa aeey aeyaeaiiy oa
aeeoa?aioeieii? ioeiiee ae?aaeaiinoi iaaeinoaoiino? EOAeA (IEOAeA ), a e
aeey iiia?aaeiuei? ioeiiee ooieoeiiiaeueiiai noaio oa iiaeeeainoae
ea?aeii?acii?aoi?ii? nenoaie a oeieiio: aeey ioeiiee ?acoeueoaoia
eieoaaiiy oai?eo i ei?aeoei? EOAeA, a oaeiae eieueeinii? oa?aeoa?enoeee
iaeneiaeueii? oice/ii? i?aoeacaeaoiinoi o oai?eo aaciaaaioaaeoaaeueiei
niiniaii.

Ai?iaaoeiy ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??
iia?aeiieyeeny ia 13 c’?caeao oa iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo.

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca iaoa?iaeaie aeena?oaoei? iioaeieiaaii 39 ?ia?o: 10
iaeiiin?aieo ?ia?o a iaoeiai-iaaee/ieo aeo?iaeao Oe?a?ie, 1 — ?inn?? ? 6
— o ni?aaoi?noa?, 3 aeiao?aee.

Ianya ? no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoei?. Aeena?oaoeiy neeaaea?oueny ic anooio,
aeaae iaeyaeo eioa?aoo?e, iaoiaee/ii? aeaae, 6 aeaa aeanieo
aeineiaeaeaiue, iaaiai?aiiy oa ca-aaeueieo aeniiaeia, iieaae/eea
aeei?enoaieo eioa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae, na?aae yeeo 244 aio/eciyieo oa 70
iiicaiieo aaoi?ia. ?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia 272 noi?iieao ae?oeiaaiiai
oaenoo, iinoeoue 46 oaaeeoeue, 29 iaethieia i aeiaeaoei.

CI?NO ?IAIOECI?NO ?IAIOE

Caaaeueia iaoiaeieia?y ?iaioe, iaoa??aee, caniae aeine?aeaeaiiy ?
e?eoaaiiy. 1.EOAeA ioeiithaaeany iiaaiioa?iieaei?eiao?e/ii — ca
oaiia?aoo?ith aeaeeooaaiiai aeueaaiey?iiai iiaio?y (OAAI), ui
oa?aeoa?eco? eiioeaaee ?acoeueoao eiiaeeoeiiioaaiiy aeeoaeueiiai iiaio?y
i ca IE? (iaeneiaeueiith eaei?e/iith ?ieinoth), oiaoi ca eieueeinoth
?anii?aoi?ieo oaieiaeo?ao ia cia?iaaiiy aeeoaeueiiai iiaio?y a ia’?ii
AE?E, ui aiaeaeaa? aia?aaoe/io (oiciieiai/io) aa?oinoue
eiiaeeoeiiioaaiiy aeaiiai ia’?io iiaio?y. IE? anoaiiaethaaeany ca a?aeii
i?yiiai niiniao ?? ?a?no?aoei? ?ic?aooieiaei niiniaii ca oi?ioeith:
IE?=1,3*0,24*AE?E*?O (1), aea IE? —eieueeinoue oaiea, a eae; 1,3 — aaaa
1 e iiaio?y, a a; 0,24 — na?aaeiy ieoiia oaiei?ieinoue iiaio?y, a
eae/a*a?aae; AE?E — aeeoo?aa ?ieinoue eaaaiue, a e; ?O — nooiiiue
cia?iaaiiy aeeoaeueiiai iiaio?y, ui ae?aaea?oueny ?icieoeath iiae OAAI i
oaiia?aoo?ith aaeeooaaiiai iiaio?y (iiaio?yiiai na?aaeiaeua).

Oa?iiiao?e/ii ia?aiao?e (OAAI, oaiia?aoo?a aaeeooaaiiai iiaio?y)
oa AE?E aecia/aeeny ca aeiiiiiaith ?ic?iaeaiiai niaoeiaeueii aeey oeeo
oeieae iiaaiioa?iinii?iiao?a (Aaa?eia O.O., Aaa?eia N.O., 1986),
iniauaiiai oa?iinoi?iaei “Aeao/eeii Aaa?eiaa aeey aeii?thaaiiy
oaiia?aoo?e aeaeeooaaiiai aeueaaiey?iiai iiaio?y” (A.N. N974998.
Ioe?uoey e ecia?aoaiey NNN?.-1982, N 43).

Iiaaiioa?iieaei?eiao?e/ia aeineiaeaeaiiy caaaeaee i?iaiaeeeiny a
iaeei i oie aea /an i?ioyaii aeiae (a?aioei), iaoua, a iaeiiio i oiio
ae iieiaeaiii oiea (noiy/e), iiney iiia?aaeiueiai iino?oeoaaeo, ui
aeeth/aa i iaa/aiiy ianoaaeoaaiiai iini-?ioiaiio aeeoaiith oa
i?euaieaiiy iaae/ie uieueii ioiiethaaoe iaaiae ioiaeoooea oa?iiaeao/eea
aoaaie c iaoith aeeeth/aiiy iiaenenaiiy iiaio?y iiae /an aaeeoaiiy /a?ac
iin. ?a?no?aoeiy OAAI i?iaiaeeeany iaeii/anii c ?a?no?aoei?th AE?E,
oiaoi ia aenioi iaeneiaeueiiai aeaeeoaiiy.

Iaea?aeaii oaeei /eiii iiaaiioa?iieaei?eiao?e/ii iieacieee
niianoaaeyeeny c ?o iaeaaeieie ci cia/aiiyie, i?eioeeie anoaiiaeaiiy
yeeo aoee ?ic?iaeaii iaie a iiia?aaeiie ?iaioi (N.O.Aaa?eia,1979).
Iaeaaeii cia/aiiy IE? (AeIE?) ?ic?aoiaoaaeeny iiaeeaiaeoaeueii aeey
eiaeii? inoaaeoaaii? iniae ca oi?ioeith AeIE?=AeAE?E*?O*0,31, (2), aea
AeIE? — iaeaaeia iaeneiaeueia eaei?e/ia ?ieinoue, a eae; AeAE?E —
iaeaaeia aeeoo?aa ?ieinoue eaaaiue,a e;??O — ?icieoey iiae iaeaaeiith
aaee/eiith oaiia?aoo?e aeaeeooaaiiai aeueaaiey?iiai iiaio?y oa
iaaeieeoiueith oaiia?aoo?ith, a ?N; 0,31 — eiaoioei?io, ui
aiaeiia?aaea? ieoiio oaiei?ieinoue iiaio?y, a eae/*a*a?aae.

IAE?E a nenoaii AO?S ?ic?aoiaoaaeany ca oi?ioeith Ananithciiai IAeI
ioeueiiiieiai?: IAE?E=0.052*P-0.029*B-3.2 aeey /ieiaieia;

IAE?E=0.049*P-0.19*B-3.9 (3) aeey aeiiie, aea ?— c?ino
ianoaaeoaaiiai,ni; A — aie, a ?ieao. Niianoaaeaiiy oaeoe/ieo cia/aiue
OAAI oa IE? c io iaeaaeieie aaee/eiaie aeaaaei iiaeeeainoue noaeeoe
i?i noai EOAeA eiie?aoii o ianoaaeoaaii? iniae.

2.Ioeiiea ciaiioiueiai aeeoaiiy caeienithaaeany ca aeiiiiiaith
nii?ia?aoa Iaoaoano-1 . I?e oeueiio aecia/aeeny AE?E i ?? eiiiiiaioe —
AeI, ?Iaeae, CIE (caeeoeiaee ia’?i eaaaiue), C?E (caaaeueia ?ieinoue
eaaaiue) oa AEI — aeeoo?aee iieaciee, a oaeiae IAe, *Ae i ?aca?a
aeeoaiiy (IAE-OIAe), oano Oiooii, IOaeae, IOaae, ca caaaeueiii?eeiyoeie
iaoiaeeeaie (A.N. Aio/ae, I.A.Iaaacaiee, 1965; I.A.Aeaaoy?ueia, A.Ae.
Oanin, 1970; A.A. Aeaiai, O.I. Oaieaeoe, 1975; I.A. Ee?thoii, 1979; I.I.
Eaia?a, 1975). Nooiiiue ?ano?eeoeaieo ii?ooaiue aecia/aany ca
niiaaiaeiioaiiyi AE?E/IAE?E, a iano?oeoeaieo — IOaeae/AE?E, ui aea?
iiaeeeainoue ca niaoeiaeueiith aeiaa?aiith aecia/aoe iayaiinoue,
oi?io i nooiiiue aaioeeyoeieii? iaaeinoaoiinoi (A.I.Iaaaeaoeeyi, A.
Ia?ii, 1977; E.Oee oa ii.,1980; I.A. ?onae,A.I. *a?ieoeueeee,1970).

3.Na?oeaai-noaeeiia nenoaia ioeiithaaeany aeaeo?iea?aeiia?aoi/ii o
niiei? i i?e aaeia?aiiao?e/iiio iaaaioaaeaiii ia aaeia?aiiao?i
Ee?anueeiai caaiaeo iaaeoaoiiee c /anoioith iaaeaethaaiiy 60/oa
i?ioyaii 5 oaeeei i?e caaaeueiie iiooaeiinoi ?iaioe, yea aeeiio?oueny,
100 ao. Oeaio?aeueia aaiiaeeiaiiea — iaoiaeii oao?aiiey?ii? ?aia?oi?
ca aeiiiiiaith ?aiieaoeciia?aoa ?IA-2-02 oa 4-o eaiaeueiiai
aeaeo?iea?aeiia?aoa ca Eoai/aeii o iiaeeoieaoei? Iooea?y
(TH.O.Iooea?,A.I.Aieueoia oa ii., 1977) c aecia/aiiyi oaea?iiai (OI) oa
oaeeeiiiai ia’?io e?iai (OIE), a ie, c iiaaethaaiiyi iiaeeaiaeoaeueieo
eieeaaiue, coiiaeaieo ?icaiaeiinoyie a c?inoi oa iani oiea, oeyoii
aecia/aiiy na?oeaaiai iiaeaeno — NI (I.A. Aoiaea??a,
TH.O.Iooea?,1983). Ie?ii oeueiai, ia?aeaeueii c ?a?no?aoei?th /anoioe
ioeueno (*I), a?oa?iaeueiiai oeneo (AO) oa OAAI i?iaiaeeeeny eeiii/ii
i?iae — i?oinoaoe/ia, eeiiinoaoe/ia, c cao?eieith aeeoaiiy ia aaeini, c
oice/iei iaaaioaaeaiiyi, caaaeueiii?eeiyoeie a eeiii/iie i?aeoeoei
iaoiaeaie i i?iaith c aaeeoaiiyi oieiaeiiai iiaio?y.

4.Aeineiaeaeaiiyie ioiieaii caaaeii 776 oai?eo c iaoieiai?th i?aaiia
aeeoaiiy oa e?iaiiaiao. Aeiaaiic onoaiiaethaaany ia iiaenoaai
eeiii/ieo, ?aioaaiieiai/ieo oa eaai?aoi?ieo aeaieo, a oaeiae
niaoeiaeueieo ooieoeiiiaeueieo oa iino?oiaioaeueieo iaoiaeia
aeineiaeaeaiiy.

Eiio?ieai neoaeeea a?oia ic 346 i?aeoe/ii caei?iaeo inia aiaeiai/iiai
aieo (aiae 20 aei 50 ?ieia), yei iiae /an i?ioiaeyaeo i a aeaiue
ianoaaeaiiy ia aeneiaethaaee iiyeeo nea?a i aaaaeaee naaa caei?iaeie
ethaeueie.

A?oia oai?eo ia iiaaiieiiiic neeaaeaeany ic 318 inia. Aeiaaiic
iiaaiieiiiica oa eiai ?iciiaeaee onoaiiaethaaany c a?aooaaiiyi
i?ioia?o?ooo, aeaieo ia’?eoeaiiai ianoaaeaiiy, a oaeiae eaai?aoi?ieo,
ooieoeiiiaeueieo iaoiaeia aeineiaeaeaiiy c iaia’yceiaith
?aioaaiia?aoi?th, a ca iaiaoiaeiinoth — i oiiia?aoi?th.

I?e onoaiiaeaiii aoiiiaoiaaiaoe/ieo ?iciiaeaeiinoae iiaaiieiiiico
—neeieico, aio?aeico oa aio?aei-neeieico aeei?enoiaoaaeany
caaaeueiii?eeiyoa “Eeaneoieaoeiy iiaaiieiiiicia” (1971). Aiaeiai/iei
/eiii onoaiiaethaaany aeiaaiic o?iii/iiai a?iioioo o 63 oai?eo.

A?oia oai?eo ia a?iioiaeueio anoio neeaaeaeany ic 52 inia c oeiiaei
ia?aaiaii caoai?thaaiiy. Oai?i c noiooiiie caiaeueieie caoai?thaaiiyie
(iiaaiiii?, a?iioiaeoace, aanoeane) aeeeth/aeeny c iaaeyaeo. O
ia?aaaaeii? aieueoinoi oai?eo — 86 % aiaeii/aeany
iioaeoeieii-aea?ai/ia, o 14 %— aoiii/ia oi?ia a?iioiaeueii? anoie.
O?eaaeinoue caoai?thaaiiy eieeaaeany aiae 3 iinyoeia aei 20 ?ieia.

Oai?eo ia ION ianoaaeaii 170 inia aieii aiae 40 aei 70 ?ieia. O 42 inia
a i?ioeani eeiii/iiai (aeeth/ath/e iieoiee ?ioca) oa iino?oiaioaeueiiai
(aaeia?aiiao?e/iiai) ianoaaeaiue aoei aeyaeaii noaiiea?aeith iai?oaeaiiy
I-II ooieoeiiiaeueiiai eeano. O 41—iioa?eo iiiea?aea a aino?iio
ia?iiaei, o 43—a iiaeaino?iio, o 44—iioa?eo iiiea?aea a ia?iiaei
?oaoethaaiiy.

Oai?i ia ?aaiiea?aeeo neeaaeaee a?oio ic 71 iniae c?ieiai aieo, ic ieo
30 % aeiiie oa 70 % /ieiaieia. Aeiaaiic onoaiiaethaaany oaeiae ia
iiaenoaai eaai?aoi?ieo eeiii/ieo, ?aioaaiieiai/ieo,
aeaeo?iea?aeeia?aoi/ieo oa eaai?aoi?ieo aeineiaeaeaiue.

Ia iiaenoaai iaea?aeaieo aeaieo a onio oai?eo aoei aeiaaiinoiaaii
a?eiaee ?aaiiea?aeeo I ? II nooiaiy aeoeaiino? c ??cieie ii?ieaie
eeaiaiia. Iaeiae i?e aiaeici oaeoe/iiai iaoa?iaeo ?iciiaeaeiinoi
ii?ieia ia a?aoiaoaaeeny, ineieueee oaeiai ?iaeo aeineiaeaeaiiy ?aiioa
aaea i?iaiaeeeeny (Aei?ioaiei I.I., 1973 ).

Iiae iaaeyaeii ia?aaoaaee 82 oai?eo ia aiia?oiii/io oai?iao I-II
noaaeie, ic ieo 60 % aeiiie, 40 % /ieiaieia c?ieiai aieo. Aeiaaiic
onoaiiaethaaany ia iiaenoaai caaaeueii-i?eeiyoeo iaoiaeia
aeineiaeaeaiiy. Oni oai?i iiaaiioa?iieaei?eiao?i/iiio ianoaaeaiith
iiaeeyaaee ia iaioa 2 ?acia — ia iiiaio iaaeoiaeaeaiiy aei eeiiiee oa
iiae /an aeienee, ui neeaei aeecueei 3104 /eneiaeo cia/aiue OAAI, IE?,
IEI. C a?aooaaiiyi iioeo ooieoeiiiaeueieo iieacieeia
ea?aeii?anii?aoi?ii? nenoaie caaaeii iaoaiaoe/ii ia?iaeaii iiiaae 20000
oeeo?iaeo aaee/ei.

Oaeoe/iee iaoa??ae noaoenoe/ii ia?iaeyany c ae/eneaiiyi na?aaei?o
a??oiaoe/ieo aaee/ei oa ?o iiieeie, ai?iaiaeiinoi ?icaiaeiinoae ca
eiaoioei?ioii t Nouethaeaioa, iaia?aiao?e/iiai e?eoa?ith iioi?iaoeaiinoi
Eoeueaaea, a /anoeio eiai iiaeaeaii ei?aeyoeieii-?aa?aneaiiio aiaeico.
?ic?aooiie ?iaeany ca aeiiiiiaith IAI- niieueiiai eiii’thoa?a,
oi?ioaaeany aaca aeaieo oeio dbf, iiaeoei oeio aoa eiiiieithaaeeny ca
aeiiiiiaith iiae Clipper Summer 87″ (I.I.Nooia,1994).

?acoeueoaoe aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue oa ?o iaaiai?aiiy

1.Iiaaiieaei?eiao?e/iee niinia aeiaaiinoeee iaaeinoaoiinoi EOAeA
1.Iiaaiieaei?eiao?e/iee niinia aeiaaiinoeee iaaeinoaoiinoi EOAeA

?ic?iaea niiniao aacoaaeany ia aea/aiii oa ioeiioei oaiei- i
oieiaeiaaiieo aeanoeainoae aeeoaeueiiai aia?aoo, ui aecia/aee eiai
eiiaeeoeiiioth/i iiaeeeainoi ca ?icieo oiia oa noaiia.

Ca e?eoa?ie iaaeinoaoiinoi aoei ia?aii oae caaiee iiaaiieaei?eiao?e/iee
iiaeaen IEI. Ia?aeiieie iieacieeaie EOAeA i?e onoaiiaeaiii eiai aaee/eie
neoaeeee cia/aiiy AE?E, yei o ianoaaeoaaieo oai?eo oa?aeoa?ecoaaee
?ieinii iiaeeeainoi aeeoaeueiiai aia?aoo, oiaoi ia’?i iaa?iaath/iai
iiaio?y oa nooiiiue eiai cia?iaaiiy ?OAAI, ui aiaeaeaa? oaieiaaiii
iiaeeeainoi aeeoaeueiiai aia?aoo. C ?o aeei?enoaiiyi ca oi?ioeith (1)
aecia/aeany iaeneiaeueia eiei?e/ia ?ieinoue IE?. C iaoith aeeeth/aiiy
aieeao ia ia? aio?iiiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao?ia — noaoi, aieo, iane oiea
ianoaaeoaaieo inia onoaiiaethaaeany ?? iaeaaeia aaee/eia IE?.

A i?ioeani aeei?enoaiiy ciaeaeaieo ?o cia/aiue onoaiiaethaaany
iiaaiieaei?eiao?e/iee iiaeaen IEI ca oi?ioeith:
IEI=(IE?-IIE?)*100/IIE? (4). Ia aiaeiiio aiae IE?,yea oa?aeoa?eco?
iaeneiaeueii eiiaeeoeiiioth/i iiaeeeainoi aeeoaeueiiai aia?aoo, IEI
aiaeia?aaea? nooiiiue (a % %) ae?aaeaiinoi iaaeinoaoiinoi EOAeA.

Ineieueee nooiinoue i i?ecia/aiiy aeaii? ooieoei? caiaeeoueny aei
noaaieicaoei? oaieiaienoo, a, cia/eoue, i OAAI ia oiciieiai/ii
eiinoaioiiio ?iaii, IEI ye?ac i oa?aeoa?eco? noai ?anii?aoi?iiai
oaieiiaiiio i aenooia?, cia/eoue, a yeinoi niaoeeoi/iiai e?eoa?ith
noaio EOAeA oa ae?aaeaiinoi ?? iaaeinoaoiinoi.

A aeineiaeaeaiiyo c iaoaiaoe/iei iiaeaethaaiiyi ia i?aeoe/ii caei?iaeo
oa oai?eo aoei aeyaeaii ?yae aaaeeeaeo aeey oai?i? i eeiii/ii? i?aeoeee
aeanoeainoae IEI. Aeyaeeiny, ui aii ia? /ioeo ae?aaeaio
iioaa?aoeaiinoue, oiaoi noia?ii ae?aaea? ?anii?aoi?ii oaieiaeo?aoe,
coiiaeaii ye aaioeeyoeieieie, oae i oaieiaaiieie iiaeeeainoyie
aeeoaeueiiai aia?aoo, i oiio, i?e ciiiaiii AE?E oa OAAI ia iaeio i oo
ae aaee/eio (%) iiae aieeaii ?icieo oaeoi?ia oa caoai?thaaiue aoaeo
ciiiaiiy (cieaeaiiy) ?anii?aoi?ieo oaieiaeo?ao IE? c?inoa? a 1,6—1,8
?aca i, oaeei /eiii, c?inoa? ia oaeo aaee/eio aeiaaiinoe/ia
iioi?iaoeaiinoue IEI aeey aeyaeaiiy e ioeiiee iaaeinoaoiinoi EOAeA.

A oeeo aea aeine?aeaeaiiyo c on??th ae?aci?noth i?iyaeeany caeiiii??ia
caeaaei?noue oaieiai?noo aeaeeooaaiiai iia?o?y a?ae eiai ia’?io ?
nooiaiy eiai c?a??aaiiy. Oae, i?e ca?eueoaii? ia’?io aeeoaeueiiai
iia?o?y, oiaoi aeeaeie aeeoaiiy c 0,2 aei 0,5 oa 3,2 e, oaiei?ie?noue
c?inoaea, a?aeiia?aeii, c 0.7 ? 0.1 eae aei 2.3 ? 0.1 eae ? aei 15.3?
1.3 eae, a OAAI c 34.2 ? 0.04 aei 34.6 ? 0.06 oa 35.4 ? 0.3?N. Oea
na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui eiiaeeoe?iioaaiiy iia?o?y a?aeaoaa?oueny ia eeoa o
aa?oi?o aeeoaeueieo oeyoao, ye aaaaeaeiny ?ai?oa, a i?iaeiaaeo?oueny ? a
eaaaiyo (I.A.A?eyeia oa ni?aaao., 1988). Noaey/e ii eiao?oe??ioao
ei?aeyoei?, IEI oinii ei?aeth? c oaeeie oaeoi?aie-a?aoiaioaie ye aie
(-0.28 ± 0.07), c?ino (0,71 ± 0,15), ieiua iiaa?oii oiea (0.16 ± 0,05)
i noaoue (0.12 ± 0.04). Oea aeeeoo? iaiaoiaeiinoue a?aooaaiiy i?e
iiaaiieaei?eiao?i? aaae, aieo e noaoi ianoaaeoaaieo inia, a oaeiae
noaiaea?oecaoei? oiia, a yeeo i?iaiaeeoueny aeineiaeaeaiiy. IEI ia?
aeineoue aenieo aeiaaiicoe/io /ooeeainoue: aii ?aaao? (ciiith?oueny)
iaaioue ia oaei ei?ioei/anii oa iiii?ii ca iioaineaiinoth aieeae ia
i?aaiici, yeeie ? eeiii/ii ooieoeiiiaeueii-iaaaioaaeoaaeueii i?iae. Oea
i?iyaeeiny a ?iciie ni?yiiaaiinoi oa ae?aaeaiinoi ciiiao OAAI iiae ?o
aieeaii. Cieaeaiiy OAAI aiaeii/aii o aeaeyaei oaiaeaioei? iiae aieeaii
i?oinoaoe/ii? i?iae — ia 0.3 ± 0.02 °N, i ae?acii oa noaoenoe/ii ai?i
aiaeii (P < 0.05) iiae aieeaii aaeia?aiiao?e/iiai iaaaioaaeaiiy 50 ao —ia 0.8 ± 0.05 °N, 100 ao — ia 1.4 ± 0.04 i ia 1.2 ± 0.03 °N i?e 9-oe oaeeeiiiio aeeoaiii oieiaeiei iiaio?yi (0 ± 4 °N). Iiaeaeuaiiy ae OAAI niinoa?iaaeiny iiae aieeaii eeiiinoaoe/ii? i?iae ia 0.3 ± 0.03 °N, iiae aieeaii cao?eiaiiy aeeoaiiy ia aaeini ai?iaeiaae 25"-ia 0.2 ± 0.04 °N, a i?e cao?eioei ia 35" OAAI iiaeaeuoaaeany ia 0.3 ± 0.04 °N. Aea/aiith aieeao ooieoeiiiaeueii-iaaaioaaeoaaeueieo i?ia ia i?aaiici i?aeoe/ii caei?iaeo inia oa oai?eo i?enay/oaaeeny ?iaioe aaaaoueio aaoi?ia (I.I.Aiinia, ss.A.Aaiao,1984; I.A.Aoeee,1990; A.A. Aeeeia oa niiaaao.,1990). Aea a ieo c'yniaoaaeeny iniaeeainoi ?aaeoei? ia oaei aieeae, aieiaiei /eiii, iieacieeia aaciiaiiiii? oa aaiiaeeiaii/ii? ooieoeie c iaoith aeei?enoaiiy ?o iieacieeia aeey ioeiiee ooieoeiiiaeueieo oa ?aca?aieo iiaeeeainoae aeaieo nenoai. A iaoeo aea aeineiaeaeaiiyo aiaeiiinoi i?i aeeiaiieo OAAI iaea?aeaii aia?oa, ui iicaaaey? iiaeeeainoi niianoaaeoe ?o c aeaieie iioeo aaoi?ia iiae /an aea/aiiy i?ia, i?ioa noai?th? ia?aaeoiiae i ia?niaeoeae aeey iiaaiieaei?eiao?e/ii? ioeiiee ooieoeiiiaeueieo iiaeeeainoae ea?aeii?anii?aoi?ii? nenoaie a oeieiio i, iniaeeai, aeeoaeueiiai aia?aoo ye aiieiai/iiai eiiaeeoeiiia?a.Oae, aiaecia/aia iaie iiaaiiaiiioa?ii/ia ?aaeoeiy ia aaeia?aiiao?e/ia iaaaioaaeaiiy noaea iiaea?oioyi aeey ?ic?iaee aeciaiiai aeiaoiaeii "Niiniao ?aiiueiai aeyaeaiiy noiaaii? iaaeinoaoiinoi eiiaeeoeiiioth/i? ooieoei? aeeoaeueiiai aia?aoo" (Aaa?eia O.O., Aaa?eiaa I.A., 1986, A.N. N1204183). Aea/aiiy ei?aeyoeieieo ca'yceia IEI c iieacieeaie ooieoeiiiaeueiiai noaio ea?aeii?anii?aoi?ii? nenoaie caei?iaeo inia (n = 50) iieacaei, ui IEI ae?acii ei?aeth? c iniiaieie iieacieeaie ciaiioiueiai aeeoaiiy ye ?Iaeae. (r = 0.41), AE?E (0.62), IAE (0.57) , OIAe/ IOIAe (r = 0.45), IOaeae.(0.53), IOaae.(0.34), oiaoi c oeie iieacieeaie, yei aaaaeathoueny iaeaieueo iioi?iaoeaieie aeey ioeiiee ooieoeiiiaeueiiai noaio ciaiioiueiai aeeoaiiy (I.I.Eaia?a,1975; I.I.Eaia?a, A.A.I?eiaa, I.A.Ee?thoii,1972). Oaeei /eiii, i?aaenoaaeaieie aeaieie aia?oa aiaeii/aii, ui IEI aea? oyaeaiiy ia eeoa i?i noai EOAeA, a e oa?aeoa?eco? ooieoeiiiaeueiee noai ciaiioiueiai aeeoaiiy. Nooiiiue ei?aeyoeieiiai ca'yceo IEI c oaeeie iieacieeaie oeaio?aeueii? aaiiaeeiaiiee ye *NN, OI, OIE, NI aeyaeeany aeineoue neaaeith, ca aeiyoeii eiai ca'yceo c *NN (0.39). Ae?aaiinoe/ia ?ioi?iaoeai?noue IE? ca e??oa???i Eoeueaaea aeey oai?eo ia iiaaiieii?ic aei??aithaaea 6.1, oai?eo ia a?iio?aeueio anoio — 6.8, a ia ?aaiiea?aeeo —2.6, ui a aeae?eueea ?ac?a ia?aaeuo? aaee/eio aeaiiai eiao?oe??ioa aeey oaeeo iieaciee?a ye ??OAAI oa IAE?E, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue, a?aeiia?aeii, eiiaeeoe?iioth/o oa ?ani??aoi?io ooieoe?? aeeoaeueiiai aia?aoo. C iaoith c'ynoaaoe iioi?iaoeaiinoue IEI aeey ioeiiee oyaeeinoi caoai?thaaiiy a?oio ic 318 oai?eo ia iiaaiieiiiic aoei ?iciiaeieaii caeaaeii aiae oyaeeinoi (noaaei?) iiaaiieiiiioe/iiai i?ioeano ia 3 iiaea?oie: IEI aeey oai?eo ia iiaaiieiiiic I noaaei? aei?iaithaaa —8 %, II noaaei? — 24 % i III—34 %.Cia/eoue, caeaaeii aiae iaaaaeiaiiy caoai?thaaiiy ia iiaaiieiiiic c I aei III noaaei? aaee/eia IEI ciaioo?oueny, i?e/iio aeineoue ae?acii. Oaeei /eiii, iaaaaeaii aeaii uiaei oa?aeoa?enoeee aeanoeainoae IEI aeacothoue ia aeioeieueiinoue eiai aeei?enoaiiy c iaoith aeiaaiinoeee iaaeinoaoiinoi EOAeA. Aea aeey eeiii/ii? i?aeoeee yaey? oeiiiinoue ia noieueee eiinoaoaoei? iaaeinoaoiinoi, neieueee aeiaaiinoiea nooiaiy iaaeinoaoiinoi, ui, ye i?aaeei, aeinyaa?oueny eeaneoieaoei?th, ?? a?aaeaoei?th. ?ic?iaeo oaei? a?aaeaoei? iaaeinoaoiinoi EOAeA caeieniaii aiaeiiaiaeii aei ?aeiiaiaeaoeie "Neiiicioio c eeiii/ii? oiciieiai?" (1973). O ca'yceo c iaeiini?yiiaaiinoth ciiiaiue IEI oa OAAI i?e eaaaiaai-na?oeaaeo caoai?thaaiiyo ca ii?iaeueiee aoei i?eeiyoi aeiaiacii I-S, anoaiiaeaiee ia iiaenoaai oeeo iieacieeia o 200 i?aeoe/ii caei?iaeo inia, a cia/aiiy, ui aeoiaeyoue ca aeaiee aeiaiacii, ?icaeyaeaeeny ye iaaeinoaoiinoue EOAeA; iiii?ia I1 a aeiaiaciii -S > I > -2S , oiaoi i?e
IEI aiae -14 aei -29.9 %; ae?aaeaia I2 a aeiaiaciii -2S > I > -3S ,
oiaoi i?e IEI aiae -30 aei -45 %; cia/ia I3 a aeiaiaciii I <-3S i?e oaeoe/ieo cia/aiiyo IEI iaioa -45 %. Iiaeaei ia iiaenoaai aiaeico oa ocaaaeueiaiiy eioa?aoo?ieo aeaieo i aeaniiai 15-?i/iiai aeinaiaeo ?iaioe c aeaii? i?iaeaiaoeee oey eeaneoieaoeiy aoea aeiiiaiaia i?eaeeciith iaoiaaiaoe/iith oa eeiii/iith oa?aeoa?enoeeaie eiaeiiai nooiaiy ?? ae?aaeaiinoi. Oaeei /eiii, ?ic?iaeaiee iiaaiieaei?eiao?e/iee niinia aeeth/a? e?eoa?ie iaaeinoaoiinoi EOAeA — iiaaiieaei?eiao?e/iee iiaeaen IE?, iiaaiieaei?eiao?e/io a?aaeaoeith (eeaneoieaoeith) iaaeinoaoiinoi aeaii? ooieoei? c aeaeieaiiyi 3-o nooiaiia i? iaaeinoaoiinoi oa aeai?eoi ?aaeicaoeii aeaiiai niiniao. 2.Aia?aoo?ia oa eiii'thoa?ia caaania/aiiy iiaaiieaei?eiao?e/iiai niiniao aeiaaiinoeee iaaeinoaoiinoi EOAeA2.Aia?aoo?ia oa eiii'thoa?ia caaania/aiiy iiaaiieaei?eiao?e/iiai niiniao aeiaaiinoeee iaaeinoaoiinoi EOAeA A no/aniiio a?naiaei oaieiaeii?thaaeueii? oaoiiee iaia? aia?aoo?e, niaoeiaeueii i?ecia/aii? aeey aecia/aiiy oaiea aeaeeooaaiiai iiaio?y, yea a aeioneaeany na?ieii. Oiio aiii, ye i?aaeei, aecia/a?oueny o aeaeyaei IE? iai?yiei, ?ic?aooieiaei niiniaii, iaiiaenoaai aiaeiiinoae i?i nooiiiue cia?iaaiiy oa ia'?io aeaeeooaaiiai iiaio?y. Oeae niinia aeineoue o?oaeiiinoeee, ineieueee iio?aao? iaeii/anii? ?a?no?aoei? aeaio ia?aiao?ia aeaeeooaaiiai iiaio?y, a cia/eoue — iaeii/aniiai aeei?enoaiiy aeaio oeiia aia?aoo?e: nii?iiao?e/ii? oa iiaaiioa?iiiao?e/ii?, ui oa?aeoa?eco?oueny aenieith iii?oeieiinoth, yea cieaeo? oi/iinoue iiaaiieaei?eiao?i? i iiaeaeuo? ?? o?oaeiiinoeinoue ca ?aooiie /eneaiieo, a?o/io c?iaeaieo ?ic?aooieia. Aeey onoiaiiy iacaaieo iaaeieieia niaoeiaeueii ?ic?iaeaii no/aniee aeaeo?iiiee iiaaiieaei?eiao?, i?ecia/aiee aeey ?a?no?aoei? IEI. Aaeaea naia aiaenooiinoue iiaaiioa?iieaei?eiao?e/ii? aia?aoo?e i ? i?e/eiith oiai, ui EOAeA a eeiii/iie i?aeoeoei ia ioeiithaaeiny a ieioeiio, ia ioeiith?oueny i oaia?. Oea caiiaeaii oaeiae i iaiaiciaiinoth i?aoeiaieeia i?aeoe/ii? iaaeeoeeie c ianiaoeeoi/ieie ooieoeiyie aeeoaeueiiai aia?aoo, cie?aia, c eiai eiiaeeoeiiioth/ith ooieoei?th, ?? iiaeaethaaiiyi a iaoeiaeo oa aeeaeaeoe/ieo oeieyo. Oiio, ?ic?iaeyth/e niinia aeiaaiinoeee iaaeinoaoiinoi EOAeA, iaiiaeeeai aoei ia caeiyoeny, c iaoith onoiaiiy iacaaieo i?iaieia, ?ic?iaeith niaoeiaeueieo i?eno?i?a. A ?acoeueoaoi iiiaae aeanyoe??/ieo iiooeia aoei ?ic?iaeaii e caoeuaii o?ueiia aaoi?nueeeie iinaiae/aiiyie (A.N. N1052217, A.N. N 1223064, A.N. N1358932) aeaeo?iiiee iiaaiieaei?eiao?, niaoeiaeueii i?ecia/aiee aeey aaciina?aaeiueiai aecia/aiiy ?anii?aoi?ieo oaieio?ao, a oiio /enei IE? oa IEI- iiaaiieaei?eiao?e/iiai e?eoa?ith iaaeinoaoiinoi EOAeA i ?? eieueeinii? ae?aaeaiinoi. Aii neeaaea?oueny c iiaaiioa?iinii?iiao?e/ii? eaia?e, yea yaey? niaith iiaeeoieaoeith "Aeao/eea Aaa?eiaa aeey aeii?thaaiiy oaiia?aoo?e aeaeeooaaeueiiai iiaio?y "( A.N. N 974998) oa aeaeo?iiii? /anoeie. Iiaaiioa?iinii?iiao?e/ia eaia?a yaey? niaith aeeoaeueiee ioiaeoooe, aeeiiaiee o aeaeyaei eiiooci?a oa aeeooci?a, o i?inaioi yeiai aiiuaii aeao/ee oaeaeeinoi (ia'?io) iiaio?yiiai iioieo aeaeeooaaiiai iiaio?y, a a i?aeueiie /anoeii ?iciiuaii oa?iiae?aioth/o eaia?o c aeao/eeii oaiia?aoo?e aeaeeooaaiiai iiaio?y. Aia?oo?a i?aeueii? /anoeie iiaaiioa?iinii?iiao?e/ii? eaia?e caooi?aia ae?iaii/aoa/eiaith nioeith, ui caoeua? aeao/ee oaiia?aoo?e aeaeeooaaiiai iiaio?y aiae aieeao ia iueiai aiieiai/ii? ?iaeeie (e?aiaeueie nethie, neeco, iie?ioe), ui aeanoaaieico? eiai ?iaioo. Aia?oo?a iica?aeueii? /anoeie iinoeoue eeaiai aaeioo, yeee caiiai/a? iiaenino aieueo oieiaeiiai, iiae aeaeeooaaia, iiaio?y. Aeaeo?e/ia /anoeia (aeaeo?iiiee ia?aoai?thaa/) iiaaiieaei?eiao?a, ie?ii o?ueio, onoaiiaeaieo a oa?iinii?iiao?e/iie eaia?i (ioiaeoooea), aeeth/a? ?yae aiaeiieo, iienaieo a eioa?aoo?i (Iiao I.E.,1974; Oeei A.E.,1979) aeaiaioia: iiaeneethaa/ neaiaeia, ui iaaeoiaeyoue c aeao/eeii oaiia?aoo?e aaeeooaaiiai oa aeaeeooaaiiai iiaio?y, oa?iiaiaiiiao?, aeaeo?iiiee eeth/, aeie ii?iaiyiiy, ina?aaeie iai'yoi, aeeoa?aioeieiee iiaeneethaa/, aocie ia?aiiiaeaiiy neaiaeia oa ?a?no?oaa/. Aiie ooai?ththoue o?e, aeciaieo aeiaoiaeaie, aeaeo?iiii nenoaie, ui ia?aoai?ththoue: 1) oaiia?aoo?o aaeeooaaiiai oa aeaeeooaaiiai iiaio?y a nooiiiue cia?iaaiiy aeeoaeueiiai iiaio?y ?O; 2) oaeaeeinoue iioieo aeaeeooaaiiai iiaio?y a AE?E; 3) ?O oa AE?E a IE?. A i?ioeani iiaaiieaei?eiao?i? i?aeueia /anoeia aeeoaeueiiai ioiaeoooea (iiaaiioa?iinii?iiao?e/ii? eaia?e) aiiuoaa?oueny a ?ioiao ii?iaeieio ianoaaeoaaiiai i oo?eio?oueny coaaie oa uieueii nooeaieie aoaaie. Iaeneiaeueii iiaeeeaee aaeeo caeienith?oueny /a?ac iin, a iaeneiaeueii iiaeeeaee aeaeeo — /a?ac aeeoaeueiee ioiaeoooe. Ia caaa?oaiiy aeaeeoo aiaeii/a?oueny iaea?aeaia ia ?a?no?oaa/i iiaaiieaei?eiao?a aaee/eia IE?. Oaea i?ioeaaeo?a iiaoi?y?oueny o?e/i, /a?ac eiaeii 20-30 naeoiae ii?iaeueiiai aeeoaiiy. Ca ooeaio IE? i?eeia?oueny na?aaeiy aaee/eia c o?ueio ?? cia/aiue. Aeei?enoaiiy iiaaiieaei?eiao?a ?acii c ?ic?iaeaiei aia?aoii-i?ia?aiiei eiiieaenii ia aaci IAI-niieueiiai eiii'thoa?a aeeeth/a? c i?ioeaaeo?e aeineiaeaeaiiy ?o/ii o?oaeiiinoei ?ic?aooieiai iia?aoei? uiaei aecia/aiiy oaeoe/ieo i iaeaaeieo aaee/ei IE? oa IEI, caaania/o? aaoiiaoe/ia ae?aooaaiiy nooiaiy iaaeinoaoiinoi EOAeA, ?icia/aooaaiiy i?ioieieo iiaaiieaei?eiao?e/iiai ianoaaeaiiy a eiioeaaiio aeaeyaei c eieueeiniith ioeiieith iaaeinoaoiinoi EOAeA, ca iaiaoiae iinoi caa?iaa? oni iaea?aeaii aaaeiiinoi o o?eaaeie iai'yoi eiii'thoa?a. Oea ia?aoai?th? iiaaiieaei?eiao?ith a aeni?an-iaoiae aeiaaiinoeee iaaeinoao iinoi EOAeA, ui caaacia/o? ia'?eoeaicaoeith, cieaeaiiy o?oaeiiinoeinoi oa aeo?ao ?iai/iai /ano ia i?ioeaaeo?o ioeiiee EOAeA i nooiiiue ae?aaeaiinoi ?? iaaeinoaoiinoi. A?aoiaoth/e aaaeeeainoue i oeiiiinoue iiaeaethaaiiy ooieoeii aeey iaoeiai-aeineiaeieoeueeeo oa aeeaeaeoe/ieo oeieae, iaie aoei ?ic?iaeaii iiaeaeue aeeoaeueiiai aia?aoo, eiai eiiaeeoeiiioth/i? ooieoei?. Ia aiaeiiio aiae aiaeiieo iiaeaeae aeeoaeueiiai aia?aoo, oaeeo ye iiaeaeue Aeiiaea?na aeey aeaiiino?aoei? iaoaiiciia aaioeeyoeieii? ooieoei?, iiaeaeue iaoaiiciia iaeiinoi?iiiueiai oa aeainoi?iiiueiai iiaaiioi?aeno (Aaa?eia O.O., Eacaeia A.I., Niio?ia A.A.,1986), iiaeaei, ui iiioothoue o?aoaia?iioiaeueia aea?aai, ieeicaoenio ooieoeith (Aeooia N.A., TH?aae/ A.I., Cioii A.I.,1966; *a?eania A.A., Aaeueia?ii TH.O.,1971), niiioaiiiai oa aeiiiiiaeiiai aeeoaiiy (Lavand Claude,1975), iaoa iiaeaeue caaacia/o? iiioaoeith oa aeaiiino?aoeith iaoaiiciia EOAeA i ?ieue o ?? ?icaeoeiai ii?ooaiiy i?ioeania aa?i-oa aaiiaeeiaiiee. Oea aeinyaa?oueny ooieoeiiiaeueiei ia'?aeiaiiyi i?ioeania, ui iiioothoue aaioeeyoeieio ooieoeith aeeoaeueiiai aia?aoo, eaaaiaao aaiiaeeiaiieo oa iaoaiicie, yei neio?iiicothoue ?o aeiyeueiinoue, oiaoi caaacia/othoue aiiainoac ?anii?aoi?iiai oaieiiaiiio. Ca ?aooiie aeaieo iaoaiiciia aeinyaa?oueny noaaieicaoeiy oaiia?aoo?e iiaio?y, yea iaaeoiaeeoue a iiaeaeue, ia iinoieiiio, aeanoeaiio ethaeeii ?iaii 35 ? 36 °N a oiiaao eiioi?oii? (20 ? 25 °N) oaiia?aoo?e na?aaeiaeua oa ?? cieaeaiiy i?e "iineeaiii aaioeeyoei?", ii?ooaiii iaoaiiciia, iiiooth/eo e?iaiiinoa/aiiy a eaaaiyo, cieaeaiii oaiia?aoo?e oaieiiiniy (aiaee), iiiooth/i? e?ia. A onio oeeo iiaeaeyo niinoa?iaa?oueny aeanoaaieicaoeiy, oiaoi cieaeaiiy oaiia?aoo?e iiaio?y ca eiai oee?eoeyoei? ii aeaiaioao, iiiooth/eo aeeoaeueiee aia?ao. Oaeei /eiii, ?ic?iaeaia iiaeaeue aeeoaeueiiai aia?aoo caaacia/o? iai/iinoue oa aeaiiino?aoeith ia oieueee iaoaiiciia eiiaeeoeiiioaaiiy iiaio?y, a oaeiae ?ieue aa?i-oa aaiiaeeiaii/ieo i?ioeania o eiai caeieniaiii. Ca ?aooiie ?ic?iaee aeaeo?iiiiai iiaaiieaei?eiao?a i iiaeaei EOAeA iiaeaeuo?oueny iaoiaee/iee ?iaaiue aea/aiiy oa ioeiiee eiiaeeoeiiioth/i? ooieoei? aeeoaeueiiai aia?aoo. 3.*anoioa i ae?aaeaiinoue (nooiiiue) iaaeinoaoiinoi EOAeA i?e eaaaiaai-na?oeaaeo caoai?thaaiiyo 3.*anoioa i ae?aaeaiinoue (nooiiiue) iaaeinoaoiinoi EOAeA i?e eaaaiaai-na?oeaaeo caoai?thaaiiyo Aiaeic i ocaaaeueiaiiy iaea?aeaieo aeaieo i?i ?iciianthaeaeaiinoue (/anoioo) oa ae?aaeaiinoue (nooiiiue) iaaeinoaoiinoi EOAeA na?aae oai?eo ia eaaaiaai-na?oeaai caoai?thaaiiy, a oaeiae i?aeoe/ii caei?iaeo inia eiio?ieueii? a?oie iieacaa, ui oeae noai ? aeineoue ?iciioe?aiei. Iaaioue na?aae i?aeoe/ii caei?iaeo eiio?ieueieo a?oi iaaeinoaoiinoue aeaii? ooieoei? aeeoaeueiiai aia?aoo aiaeii/aeany a 5 % aeiaaeeia, aea ia?aaaaeii o aeaeyaei iaaeinoaoiinoi ia?oiai (I1) nooiaiy. Oea, iaiaaii, ? i?iyaii iaaaoeaiiai aieeao ia i?aaiici iani?eyoeeaiai a aeieiai/iiio aiaeiioaiii iiaio?yiiai aanaeio Aeiiaano, ui aiaeii/aii a aaaaoueio ?iaioao aiai?iinoia oa aeieiaia. Ia aiaeiiio aiae inia eiio?ieueii? a?oie, i?e eaaaiaaeo oa na?oeaai-noaeeiieo caoai?thaaiiyo iaaeinoaoiinoue EOAeA niinoa?iaa?oueny cia/ii /anoioa. A caaaeueiie a?oii (n=318) oai?eo ia iiaaiieiiiic aiia aeiaaiinoo?oueny a 64 % aeiaaeeia, na?aae oai?eo ia o?iii/iee a?iioio (n=63) — a 67 % , a i?e a?iioiaeueiie anoii (n=52) — a 96 % oai?eo. I?e na?oeaai-noaeeiieo caoai?thaaiiyo iaaeinoaoiinoue EOAeA a caaaeueiie a?oii oai?eo ia ION (n=170) oa oai?eo ia aiia?oiii/io oai?iao (n=82) aiaeii/aeany, aiaeiiaiaeii, a 79 % oa 80 %, a i?e ?aaiiea?aeeoi (n=71) a 70 % aeiaaeeia; cia/eoue, iaaeinoaoiinoue EOAeA na?aae oai?eo ia eaaaiaai caoai?thaaiiy cono?i/a?oueny, i?eaeecii, a 18 ?acia /anoioa, iiae na?aae caei?iaeo inia; i?e a?iioiaeueiie anoii — a 19 ?acia /anoioa; i?e iiaaiieiiiici oa o?iii/iiio a?iioioi i?eaeecii a 13 ?acia /anoioa, ye a eiio?iei. A caaaeueiie a?oii oai?eo ia na?oeaai-noaeeiii caoai?thaaiiy (ION, ?aaiiea?aeeo, aiia?oiii/ia oai?iaa) iaaeinoaoiinoue EOAeA niinoa?iaa?oueny i?eaeecii a 16 ?acia /anoioa, iiae a eiio?iei. Oaeei /eiii, oni aea/aii eaaaiaai oa na?oeaai-noaeeiii caoai?thaaiiy oa?aeoa?ecothoueny oi/a e iaiaeiaeiaith, i?ioa aeineoue aenieith /anoioith iaaeinoaoiinoi EOAeA. Ia iaioith aeeoa?aioeieiinoth oa?aeoa?eco?oueny i no?oeoo?a ae?aaeaiinoi iaaeinoaoiinoi aeaii? ooieoei? i?e ?icaeyiooeo caoai?thaaiiyo. Iaeaieueo ae?aaeaia iaaeinoaoiinoue EOAeA — I3 iaaaaaoi /anoioa, iiae na?aae oai?eo ia na?oeaai-noaeeiii caoai?thaaiiy, cono?i/a?oueny o oai?eo, yei no?aaeaeathoue ia eaaaiaai caoai?thaaiiy, iniaeeai oaei, ye o?iii/iee a?iioio oa a?iioiaeueia anoia, o yeeo aiia aiaeii/a?oueny, aiaeiiaiaeii, a 24-65 % aeiaaeeia. Na?aae oai?eo ia na?oeaai-noaeeiii oai?iae aiia cono?i/a?oueny eeoa iiaeaeoaee, i?e ?aaiiea?aeeoi oa ION aiia aiaeii/a?oueny a 30-39 % aeiaaeeia, a i?e aiia?oiii/iie oai?iai ua ?iaeoa a 14 % aeiaaeeia, ui ia?aaeuo? ?? /anoioo eeoa i?e iiaaiieiiiici. I?eaeecii oaeith ae eiio?aniinoth oa?aeoa?eco?oueny i /anoioa iaaeinoaoiinoi EOAeA 2-ai nooiaiy (I2) ye i?e na?oeaai-noaeeiieo, oae i i?e eaaaiaaeo caoai?thaaiiyo. I?aeoe/ii c aeiaiao?aeueii i?ioeeaaeiith oaiaeaioei?th ciiith?oueny /anoioa ia?oiai nooiaiy iaaeinoaoiinoi EOAeA (I1): i?e iiaaiieiiiici aiia aeiaaiinooaaeany o 37 %, i?e o?iii/iiio a?iioioi — o 29 %, a na?aae oai?eo ia a?iioiaeueio anoio — eeoa a 7 % aeiaaeeia. Iiaeiaia oaiaeaioeiy a /anoioi iaaeinoaoiinoi EOAeA (I1) caa?iaa?oueny i ca iioeo eaaaiaai-na?oeaaeo caoai?thaaiue. ?iciioe?aiinoue (/anoioa) oa ae?aaeaiinoue iaaeinoaoiinoi EOAeA aecia/a?oueny ia eeoa iicieiai?th caoai?thaaiiy, a e ?yaeii iioeo oaeoi?ia — noaaei?th ?icaeoeo, oi?iith oa eeiii/ieie iniaeeainoyie caoai?thaaiiy.Oae, ca ia?oi? noaaei? iiaaiieiiiico iaaeinoaoiinoue EOAeA aeyaey?oueny a 9 %, ca ae?oai? — a 24 %, a ca o?aouei? — a 34 % aeiaaeeia. I?e ?icieo aoiieiai/ieo oi?iao iiaaiieiiiico iaaeinoaoiinoue EOAeA aeiaaiinooaaeany oaeei /eiii: i?e aio?aei-neeieici — a 72 % oai?eo, neeieici — 66 % i aio?aeici — o 74 % oai?eo. A a?oii oai?eo ia ION i?e noaiiea?aei? I-II ooieoeiiiaeueiiai eeano iaaeinoaoiinoue EOAeA aeiaaiinooaaeany a 57 % aeiaaeeia, i?e iioa?eoi iiiea?aea a iiaeino?iio ia?iiae —-a 77 %, aino?iio oa ia?iiaei ?oaoethaaiiy a 90-91 %% aeiaaeeia, aiaeiiaiaeii. I?e/iio i?e noaiiea?aei? I-II ooieoeiiiaeueiiai eeano aiaeii/aeany eeoa iaaeinoaoiinoue EOAeA I1, iaeaieueo eaaeiai nooiaiy, a oyaeeiai — I2 oa I3 acaaaei ia aeiaaiinooaaeany. Iaeaieueo ae?aaeaia iaaeinoaoiinoue aeaii? ooieoei? I3 /anoioa iaae ona — a 55 % aeiaaeeia aiaeii/aeany i?e iiaeaino?iio iioa?eoi iiiea?aea, iinooiiai cieaeoth/enue aei 52 % a aino?iio oa 46 % aeiaaeeia o ia?iiaei ?oaoethaaiiy. Oaeei /eiii, iaaeinoaoiinoue EOAeA ?icii? ae?aaeaiinoi aeanoeaa onii aea/aiei eaaaiaaei oa na?oeaai-noaeeiiei caoai?thaaiiyi, a nooiiiue ?? iaaeinoaoiinoi aecia/a?oueny ia oieueee ?iciiaeaeiinoth caoai?thaaiue, a i ?o noaaei?th, oyaeeinoth, iniaeeainoyie ia?aaiao i ?icaeoeo. 4.?ieue aa?i-oa aaiiaeeiaiiee o oi?ioaaiii iaaeinoaoiinoi EOAeA i?e eaaaiaai-na?oeaaeo caoai?thaaiiyo4.?ieue aa?i-oa aaiiaeeiaiiee o oi?ioaaiii iaaeinoaoiinoi EOAeA i?e eaaaiaai-na?oeaaeo caoai?thaaiiyo Ae?ioaiiy aeaiiai ieoaiiy caeienithaaeiny c aeei?enooaaiiyi 3-o iaoiaee/ieo i?eeiiia: 1)oeyoii anoaiiaeaiiy ei?aeyoeieieo aca?iica'yceia IEI ye e?eoa?ith iaaeinoaoiinoi EOAeA c iieacieeaie ciaiioiueiai aeeoaiiy oa aaiiaeeiaiiee; 2)eiai niieo/aiinoi c ieie i?e eaaaiaaie iaaeinoaoiinoi oa iaaeinoaoiinoth e?iaiiaiao i?e eaaaiaai-na?oeaaeo caoai?thaaiiyo ia i?eeeaaei oai?eo ia a?iioiaeueio anoio (n=49), ?aaiiea?aeeo (n=54) oa 3)aea/aiiy ciiiaiue EOAeA i?e aiii-i aiia?aieaii? a aenia?eiaioi. Aiaeic iaea?aeaiiai oaeoe/iiai iaoa?iaeo iieacaa, ui a ii?iaiyiii c i?aeoe/ii caei?iaeie iniaaie eiio?ieueii? a?oie, ei?aeyoeieii ca'ycee IEI nooo?ai c?inoathoue iiae aieeaii a?iioiaeueii? anoie. O oeeo oai?eo IEI aeia?a ei?aeth? c oniia nii?iiao?e/ieie iieacieeaie. Iniaeeai (r > 0.7) c oaeeie ia’?iii-?ieinieie ye ?aae oa ?aeae, AE?E,
C?E, IIE/C?E; c aaioeeyoeieieie — IAE, ?Ae, AEI, a c iieacieeia
a?iioiaeueii? i?ioiaeiinoi — eeoa c Ioaeae.. O oai?eo ia ?aaiiea?aeeo
IEI aeia?a ei?aeth? c aeineoue iaioei /eneii nii?iiao?e/ieo
iieacieeia i c iaioith oiniioith ei?aeyoei? ii?iaiyii c ?o ei?aeyoei?th
o oai?eo ia a?iioiaeueio anoio; aea c aieueoith oiniioith ii?iaiyii c
a?oiith i?aeoe/ii caei?iaeo inia. C oeueiai aeoiea?, ui ei?aeyoeiy IEI
?icoe?y?oueny i c?inoa? i?e eaaaiaai-na?oeaaeo caoai?thaaiiyo i aii a
aieueoie ii?i aiaeaeaa? ciiie EOAeA, coiiaeaii ia?aaaaeii ii?ooaiiyi
aaioeeyoeieii? ooieoei? aeeoaeueiiai aia?aoo, ?? iiaeeeainoae.

Ua c aieueoith ae?aaeaiinoth IEI ei?aeth? c iieacieeaie oeaio?aeueii?
aaiiaeeiaiiee a a?oii oai?eo (n=54) c iaaeinoaoiinoth e?iaiiaiao. sseui
a a?oii i?aeoe/ii caei?iaeo inia (n=50) eiaoioei?io ei?aeyoei? — IEI c
OI neeaaeaa 0.06, c NI—0.13, c OIE—0.23 i eeoa c *NN—0.39, oi a a?oii
oai?eo c iaaeinoaoiinoth e?iaiiaiao eiaoioei?io ei?aeyoei? aeaieo
iieacieeia c IEI caieueoeany a 2-10 ?acia, aeinyaath/e 0.56 (aeey OI).
Oaea caieueoaiiy oiniinoe ei?aeyoei? IEI c iieacieeaie
ea?aeii?anii?aoi?ii? nenoaie iiae aieeaii caoai?thaaiiy oa
iaaeinoaoiinoi e?iaiiaiao aeaco? ia i?e/aiiinoue aei ?icaeoeo
iaaeinoaoiinoi EOAeA ii?ooaiue aa?i-oa aaiiaeeiaiiee.

Ii?yae c oeei, niinoa?iaaeany i /ioei ae?aaeaia niieo/aiinoue
ciiiaiue IEI, oiaoi iaaeinoaoiinoi EOAeA c aieueoinoth c 30-e
nii?iiao?e/ieo iieacieeia ciaiioiueiai aeeoaiiy, 6-a
ea?aeiiaaiiaeeiaii/ieie , a oaeiae c ae?aaeaiinoth iaaeinoaoiinoi
e?iaiiaiao i aeeoaiiy. I?e ia?inoaiii inoaiiio o oai?eo ia a?iioiaeueio
anoio oa ?aaiiea?aeeo i?ia?aneaii onoaoaeyeany iaaeinoaoiinoue EOAeA,
oiaoi c?inoaa ?? nooiiiue. Oea naiae/eoue i?i i?e/aiiinoue, aeoeaio
?ieue aa?i-aaiiaeeiaiiee aei iaoaiiciia oi?ioaaiiy iaaeinoaoiinoi EOAeA
i ?? ae?aaeaiinoi i?e ?icieo eaaaiaai-na?oeaaeo caoai?thaaiiyo oa ?o
?iciiaeaeao.

Caeaaeiinoue eiiaeeoeiiioth/eo iiaeeeainoae aeeoaeueiiai aia?aoo
i?iyaeyeany oaeiae a aeineiaeaeaiiyo c iiaeaethaaiiyi EOAeA ca
aeiiiiiaith caaaeaii? aeua iiaeaei aeeoaeueiiai aia?aoo i a
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeineiaeaeaiiyo. Ca?eueoaiiy ia’?io iiaio?y, ui
iaaeoiaeeoue aei iiaeaei, oiaoi ci caieueoaiiyi ?? aaioeeyoei?, ye i
cieaeaiiy oaieiaaiieo iiaeeeainoae ca ?aooiie cieaeaiiy ia?ooci?
iiioaoi?a o?aoaia?iioiaeueiiai o?aeoo oa eaaaiue ?iaeeiith, iiiooth/ith
e?ia, noi?iaiaeaeoaaeiny cieaeaiiyi oaiia?aoo?e «aeaeeooaaiiiai» iiaio?y
ia 1-2 °N, a i?e i?ioeeaaeieo i?ioeanao aiia, iaaiaee, iiaeaeuoaaeany.

A ieaii c’ynoaaiiy ?iei eaaaiaai? aaiiaeeiaiiee a eiiaeeoeiiioaaiii
aeeoaeueiiai iiaio?y ia iaoo i?iiiceoeith oa o/anoth eaiae. iaae.
iaoe A.A.Niio?iaei aoee i?iaaaeaii aino?i aeineiaee ia 5 aacii?iaeieo
niaaeao aaaith aiae 9 aei 14 ea c aenia?eiaioaeueieie ciiiaie uiaei
e?iaiiaiiaiaiiy iaeiai eiea oeyoii iiaeaethaaiiy aeaio noaiia —
aiiiaieaii? oa aiia?aieaii?. Aiiiaieaiiy noai?thaaeany caoaeaiiyi
i?inaioo a?oa?iaeueiiai eaaaiaaiai noiaao?a ia 40-50 %, a aii?aaieaiiy —
caoaeaiiyi iaeii?? aai aeaio eaaaiaaeo aai.

Aeineiaeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeeny a oiiaao ooo/iiai aeeoaiiy ia oiii
aaenaiaeiaiai ia?eico i?e aioo?ioiueiaaiiiio /e aioo?ioiuei/a?aaiiio
eiai aaaaeaiii c ?ic?aooieo 70 ia/ea c aeiaeaaaiiyi iiaeaei aoi?o /a?ac
iiooaaoeieio o?oaeo. OAAI aeii?thaaeany aeaeo?ioa?iiiao?ii c
oa?iinoi?iaei iiaaiioa?iiaeao/eeii ia aeoiaei iiooaaoeieii? o?oaee
o?ieieea, aaaaeaiiai a o?aoath, a aioo?ioiuei-na?oeaaa oaiia?aoo?a —
aaaaeaiiyi aieeiaiai oa?iinoi?iaiai oa?iiaeao/eea a na?oea /a?ac ?ic?ic
i?aaiai aooea. Aeii?thaaeany oaeiae i oaiia?aoo?a aaeeooaaiiai iiaio?y,
oiaoi na?aaeiaeua.

Aiaeic iaea?aeaieo aeaieo iieacaa ui aiiiaieaiiy ye i aiia?aieaiiy a
iieiio eiei i?e iaeiaeiaie oaiia?aoo?i e?iai (35.8 ? 36.2 °C a ?icieo
aeineiaeao) oa oaiia?aoo?i aaeeooaaiiai iiaio?y 22 ? 24 °N
i?ecaiaeeoue aei /ioei ae?aaeaiiai cieaeaiiy oaiia?aoo?e aeaeeooaaiiai
iiaio?y a ?icieo aeineiaeao ia 1.0 ? 1.5 °N. Iiney ii?iaeicaoei?
e?iaiiaiao OAAI iiaa?oaeany i?aeoe/ii aei ii/aoeiaeo aaee/ei.
Cia/eoue, i aiiiaieaiiy, i aiia?aieaiiy iaeiai eiea e?iaiiaiao
coiiaeththoue cieaeaiiy eiiaeeoeiiioth/eo iiaeeeainoae aeeoaeueiiai
aia?aoo, ui naiae/eoue i?i i?e/aiiinoue aei eiiaeeoeiiioaaiiy
aeeoaeueiiai iiaio?y ia eeoa oeaio?aeueii?, a e eaaaiaai? aaiiaeeiaiiee.

Aeyaeaii caeiiiii?iinoi ?iciioe?aiinoi i ae?aaeaiinoi iaaeinoaoiinoi
EOAeA, niieo/aiinoi ciii oa ei?aeyoei? ooieoeiiiaeueieo iieacieeia
ea?aeii?anii?aoi?ii? nenoaie aeathoue oyaeaiiy i?i oa, /iio oaei ?icii
ca iicieiai?th caoai?thaaiiy ye iiaaiieiiiic, a?iioio, a?iioiaeueia
anoia oa ION, ?aaiiea?aeeo oa aiia?oiii/ia oai?iaa aeeeeeathoue, ii
nooi, iaeiioeiii, oi/a e ?icii? ae?aaeaiinoi, ciiie EOAeA — ??
iaaeinoaoiinoue.

Eioa?aoo?ii i aeanii aeaii aeicaieythoue aaaaeaoe, ui eiiaeeoeiiioth/i
aeanoeainoi i iiaeeeainoi aeeoaeueiiai aia?aoo aecia/athoueny,
i?eiaeiii, o?ueiia iniiaieie eiai ii?oiooieoeiiiaeueieie ia?aiao?aie:
1) ?icii?ii (ieiuath) eiiaeeoeiiioth/eo iiaa?oiae aeeoaeueiiai aia?aoo,
eiioaeooth/eo c aeeoaeueiei iiaio?yi; 2) oaiia?aoo?ith oeeo iiaa?oiae,
yea caeaaeeoue ye aiae aaiiaeeiaii/ii? aeinoaaee aei ieo oaiea aiae
«na?oeaaeie» oiea, oae i aeanii? oaieii?iaeoeoei? ?? no?oeoo?;
3)eieueeinoth iiaio?y, ui eiiaeeoeiiio?oueny, i yea aecia/a?oueny
ia’?iii-?ieinieie oa aaioeeyoeieieie ia?aiao?aie. Naia oei no?oeoo?e
caeo/athoueny aei iaoieiai/iiai i?ioeano i caciathoue ciii i?e
eaaaiaai-na?oeaaeo caoai?thaaiiyo, yei neoaeeee i?aaeiaoii aea/aiiy a
iaoeo aeineiaeaeaiiyo.

Oae, iiaaiieiiiic, noi?iaiaeaeoth/enue oia?iciei ia?a?iaeaeaiiyi
eaaaiaai? oeaieie, ?icaeoeii aoceeeiaeo aeeth/aiue, i?ecaiaeeoue aei
nei?i/aiiy ooieoeiiiaeueii? aeoeaiinoi iiaa?oii eaaaiue, oie ieiui, yea
aa?a o/anoue a eiiaeeoeiiioaaiii aeeoaeueiiai iiaio?y. I?i oea
naiae/aoue ciiie nii?iiao?e/ieo iieacieeia (AE?E, IAE?E, IIAE oiui),
yei niinoa?iaaeeny o oai?eo ia eaaaiaai oai?iae a iaoeo
aeineiaeaeaiiyo i a aeineiaeaeaiiyo aaaaoueio iioeo aaoi?ia
(A.I.Iaaaeaoeeyi, 1960, 1967; I.N. Oiaeaea?, 1958, 1966; S.E. Motley,
1950; F.L.Navratil, 1965,1967).

Ii?yae ci nei?i/aiiyi ia?aioiie eaaaiue, a, cia/eoue, i ?o /anoee aeiei
a eiiaeeoeiiioaaiii aeeoaeueiiai iiaio?y, eaaaiaai caoai?thaaiiy —
iiaaiieiiiic, o?iii/iee a?iioio i, iniaeeai, a?iioiaeueia anoia,
noi?iaiaeaeothoueny ua e a?iioiniaciii, yeee inoioii ciiith?
aaioeeyoeith ie?aieo naaiaioia i aeieae eaaaiue (i?e iaoo?aoeieiiio
aai iano?oeoeaieo oeiao ?iceaaeiaiue aeeoaiiy), iniaeeai ia ii/aoeiaeo
noaaeiyo ?icaeoeo oia?ico. A iaoeo aeineiaeaeaiiyo oea i?iyaeyeiny o
ciiiaiii niiaaiaeiioaiiy iiae ?ieinii-aaioeeyoeieieie (AE?E, IAE
oiui) i iieacieeaie a?iioiaeueii? i?ioiaeiinoi (IOaeae., IAO ) c ?o
iaeaaeieie cia/aiiyie, ui ocaiaeaeo?oueny c eioa?aoo?ieie aeaieie i,
ye i?aaeei, ?icoeiith?oueny ye i?iya niieo/iiai aai eiiaiiiaaiiai
oeio aaioeeyoeieii? iaaeinoaoiinoi (A.I.Iaaaeaoeeyi, 1967, A.?.
Ethaiioae?ia, Ia?ii I.I., 1969; I.A.Ei?eooei, E.A.Iaaiia, 1995).Oea,
i?e?iaeii, i?ecaiaeeoue aei ciaioaiiy iaeneiaeueiiai ia’?io
aeaeeooaaiiai iiaio?y, i, cia/eoue, aei cieaeaiiy eieueeinoi oaiea,
iaiaoiaeiiai aeey eiai cia?iaaiiy aei eiinoaioiiai aiiainoaoe/iiai ?iaiy
oa ciaioaiiy IEI, oiaoi caieueoaiiy ae?aaeaiinoi iaaeinoaoiinoi EOAeA.

Ua a eeane/ieo ?iaioao eeiiioeenoia oa oiciieiaia ieioeiai noieiooy
(A.A.Aeiia?aaeia,1861; I.I.N?/aiia,1866; N.I.Aioeii,1867;
I.I.Iaaeia,1877) aoei iieacaii, ui oaiia?aoo?a ?icieo i?aaiia i oeaiei,
a oiio /enei eaaaiue oa iioeo i?aaiia aeeoaeueiiai aia?aoo
aecia/a?oueny, ianaiia?aae, nooiaiai e?iaiiaiiaiaiiy, noaiii oiiono oa
i?inaioo iinoa/ath/eo ?o noaeei.

?iceaaeiaiiy aaiiaeeiaiiee ye iaoaiicio aeinoaaee oaiea aei
ii?oi-ooieoeiiiaeueieo no?oeoo?, yei aa?ooue o/anoue a eiiaeeoeiiioaaiii
aeeoaeueiiai iiaio?y, a iaoeo aeineiaeaeaiiyo i?iyaeyeiny niieo/aiinoth
ae?aaeaiinoi iaaeinoaoiinoi EOAeA c ae?aaeaiinoth iaaeinoaoiinoi
e?iaiiaiao oa iineeaiiyi ei?aeyoeieieo ca’yceia c i? ooieoeiiiaeueieo
iieacieeia c IE?, a oaeiae i?e aenia?eiaioaeueiiio ii?ooaiii
aaiiaeeiaiiee a iaeiio eiei e?iaiiaiao, ui ocaiaeaeo?oueny c ?iaioaie
aaaaoueio aaoi?ia, yei aiaeii/aee aeaiee aeae ?iceaaeiaiue
e?iaiiinoa/aiiy i i?e eaaaiaaeo i na?oeaai-noaeeiieo caoai?thaaiiyo
(A.I.Aio/ae, I.A.Iaaacaiee,1965).

Iaiaaii, naia nooiaiai ii?ooaiiy ooieoeiiioaaiiy no?oeoo?,
aaciina?aaeith eiioaeooth/eo c aeeoaeueiei iiaio?yi i nooiaiai
?iceaaeiaiue aa?i-i aaiiaeeiaiiee iiynith?oueny ?icia ae?aaeaiinoue
iaaeinoaoiinoi EOAeA i?e ?icieo iicieiai/ieo oi?iao eaaaiaai-na?oeaaeo
caoai?thaaiue, ui i?iyaey?oueny ciaioaiiyi e?eoa?ith iaaeinoaoiinoi
oei?? ooieoei? —iiaaiieaei?eiao?e/iiai iiaeaeno. Aeeeaaeaii oaeoe
naiae/aoue i?i nooo?ao ?ieue o aaiaci iaaeinoaoiinoi EOAeA ii?ooaiiy
aca?iica’yceia eiai aa?i-aaiiaeeiaii/ieo i?ioeania, aeioeieueiinoi
aeei?enoaiiy IEI a yeinoi aeiaeaoeiaiai iioaa?aeueiiai iieacieea ye aeey
ioeiiee ooieoeiiiaeueiiai noaio i iiaeeeainoae ea?aeii?anii?aoi?ii?
nenoaie, oae i iaeneiaeueii? oice/ii? i?aoeacaeaiinoi o oai?eo
aaciaaaioaaeoaaeueiei iiaaiieaei?eiao?e/iei niiniaii.

5.Iaaeinoaoiinoue EOAeA oa oice/ia i?aoeacaeaoiinoue oai?eo ia
eaaaiaai-na?oeaai caoai?thaaiiy5.Iaaeinoaoiinoue EOAeA oa oice/ia
i?aoeacaeaoiinoue oai?eo ia eaaaiaai-na?oeaai caoai?thaaiiy

Iioa?an eeiiioeenoia aei oice/ii? i?aoeacaeaoiinooi (OI) coiiaeaiee oei,
ui c ?? ciiiaiiyie iia’ycothoue ?icaeoie ?yaeo caoai?thaaiue oa
ia?aaeiaoieiai/ieo noaiia: aiia?oaicith oa iaeioa?oth/ee aiaea?oa?iio
(U.P.Larsen,1966), aeiaaao, a?iioiaeueio anoio, aioicaio eaaaiue
(Z.F.Pyorolaetal, 1968; F.D.Rutentrans, 1968; W.C.Kzal,1969), aieue o
nieii i einoeao inia, caeiyoeo «neaey/ith ?iaioith» (A.I. Aoeee, 1990).

Aecia/aiiy OI iio?aao? aeei?enoaiiy aeey ?? eieueeinii? ioeioeee
a?aiiao?e/ieo oanoia c iaeneiaeueieie aeey aeaii? ethaeeie oice/ieie
iaaaioaaeaiiyie, ui aeeiiothoueny aei iiyae a?aie/ii? aoiie aai aei
iaeneiaeueii iiaeeeaiai caieueoaiiy aaeeoeo eenith /e iaeneiaeueii
aeiionoeiiai i?enei?aiiy na?oeaaeo nei?i/aiue (P.O.Astrand,1972;
R.I.Shepard, C.H.Veese, I.B.Merritan,1971; G.N.Malleroviz,1981), oiaoi
iinoyoue aeayeee aeaiaio ?eceeo aeey caei?ia’y ianoaaeoaaiiai
(J.R.Zoman, R.E.Phillips,1973; A.I.Iaaaeaoeeyi,1981), nooo?ai
c?inoath/iai i?e aecia/aiii OI o oai?eo ethaeae. Oiio a eeiii/iie,
aieiaiei /eiii, o ea?aeiieiai/iie i?aeoeoei, ca aeiiiiiaith
iaaaioaaeoaaeueieo oanoia aecia/a?oueny ia naia OI, a oae caaia
«oiea?aioiinoue», nooiiiue aeo?eaaeinoi aei oice/ieo iaaaioaaeaiue
?aaeaiaioiaaii? iioaineaiinoi (E.I.Iiia?aioeaa,1974; E.I.Iiia?aioeaa i
niiaaao.,1975; Aecye A.I.,1979; Aieeia A.N., Naiaii?eiaa O.E.,1980;
I?aaa?nueeee A.I.,1981; ?iciaa I.E. oa ni?aaao.,1972; Eoiaiia A.I.,1975;
I?aaa?nuee?e A.I.,1985). Oea iia’ycaii c oei, ui ia?aaeaa/aii
a?aiiao?e/ii oanoe oice/ii? i?aoeacaeaoiinoi oai?eie acaaaei, i
iniaeeai, oeie eio?i no?aaeaeathoue ia eaaaiaai oa na?oeaai-noaeeiii
caoai?thaaiiy, aaaeei ia?aiinyoueny aai ae acaaaei ia ia?aiinyoueny i
i?ioeiieacaii. Oiio ?? noai i?e ?icieo caoai?thaaiiyo, a oiio /enei
eaaaiaai-na?oeaaeo a oe?ieie eeiii/iie i?aeoeoei ye i?aaeei ia
ioeiith?oueny, /a?ac ui ao?a/a?oueny aaeueieoeiiia iioi?iaoeiy, oaea
iaiaoiaeia aeey ae?ioaiiy caaaeaiue ic iaeanoi aeiaaiinoeee,
i?iaiicoaaiiy, ioeiiee aoaeoeaiinoi ?aaaieioaoei? oa eieoaaiiy oai?eo, a
oaeiae nioeiaeueieo caaaeaiue — ia’?eoeaicaoei? oa iiaeaeuaiiy
?acoeueoaoeaiinoi aenia?oece i?aoeacaeaoiinoi, anoaiiaeaiiy nooiaiy
iiaaeiaeecaoei? oiui.

Oiio anoaiiaeoe aca?iica’ycee iiae iaaeinoaoiinoth EOAeA oa oice/iith
i?aoeacaeaoiinoth i ?? noaiii o oai?eo ia eaaaiaai-na?oeaai
caoai?thaaiiy aoei ia iiaeeeai o ca’yceo c aiaenooiinoth
aaciaaaioaaeoaaeueiiai niiniao ?? ioeiiee o oai?eo. ?ic?iaeo oaeiai
niiniao aoei ?icii/aoi ci c’ynoaaiiy aca?iica’yceia iiae iieacieeii
EOAeA—IE? oa OI.

Ia iiaenoaai aea/aiiy ei?aeyoeieieo aca?iica’yceia c iieacieeaie
inoaiiuei? ca oanoii PWC170 o caei?iaeo inia (n=25) oa
ei?aeyoeieii-?aa?aneaiiai aiaeico iaea?aeaieo aeaieo aeaaaeaii oi?ioeo,
yea aiaeaeaa? anoaiiaeaio caeaaeiinoue: OI = 59.9 * IE? +33, aea
OI—oice/ia i?aoeacaeaoiinoue, a eai/oa; IE?—iaeneiaeueia eaei?e/ia
?ieinoue a eae. A ?acoeueoaoi ?? aeei?enoaiiy ?ic?iaeaii iiiia?aio aeey
anoaiiaeaiiy oice/ii? i?aoeacaeaoiinoi ca IE? ye iniiaii? neeaaeiai?
iiaaiieaei?eiao?e/iiai iiaeaeno IEI.Iiieeea ioeiiee OI iiaaii
eaei?eiao?e/iei aaciaaaioaaeoaaeueiei niiniaii a ii?iaiyiii c ??
aecia/aiiyi ca oanoii PWC170 ia ia?aaeuo?, a na?aaeiueiio ± 7 %.

Ioeiithth/e ca aeiiiiiaith iiaaiieaei?eiao?e/iiai niiniao oice/io
i?aoeacaeaoiinoue caei?iaeo aieii 35-45 ?ieia inia (n=25), aeyaeeiny, ui
aiia (ioeiiea) eieeaa?oueny aiae 690 aei 1400 eai/oa, neeaaeath/e a
na?aaeiueiio 1143 eai/oa aai aiae 113 aei 229 ao, a a na?aaeiueiio—184
ao. Oea i?aeoe/ii aiaeiiaiaea?, o anyeiio ?aci, aiae/ooii ia
aiae?iciy?oueny aiae oice/ii? i?aoeacaeaoiinoi nieuenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo
i?aoeiaieeia — ?ieueieeia, oaa?eiieeia, iia?aoi?ia OAN oa ?o iiii/ieeia,
o yeeo aiia eieeaa?oueny aeae 230 ± 6.2 aei 275 ± 6.6 ao (A.I.
Iaaaeao?eyi oa niiaaao.,1986), ai?ie/eo ?yooaaeueieeia, o yeeo aiia a
na?aaeiueiio neeaaea? 179 ± 30 ao (Aeaae?oaaa E.A.,1995), nii?oniaiia
?icieo niaoeiaeicaoeie, o yeeo aiia eieeaa?oueny o aeiaiaciii 1044-1760
eai/oa c oanoii PWC170 (Ea?iiai A.E. oa niiaaao.,1969).

sse iieacaee iaoi aeineiaeaeaiiy, i?aoeacaeaoiinoue oai?eo ia
eaaaiaai-na?oeaai caoai?thaaiiy, ui ioeiith?oueny aaciaaaioaaeoaaeueiei
iiaaiieaei?eiao?e/iei niiniaii, eieeaa?oueny i?e ?icieo iicieiai/ieo
oi?iao aiae 470 eai/oa i?e a?iioiaeueiie anoii aei 800 eai/oa o oai?eo
ia iiaaiieiiiic, oiaoi cieaeo?oueny ia 50 % i?e a?iioiaeueiie anoii, ia
10 % i?e iiaaiieiiiici, ia 15 % i?e o?iii/iiio a?iioioi, ia 30 % a
caaaeueiie a?oii oai?eo ia ION oa ?aaiiea?aeeo.

Cieaeaiiy oiea?aioiinoi aei oice/iiai iaaaioaaeaiiy i?e
eaaaiaai-na?oeaaeo caoai?thaaiiyo aiaeii/aii aaaaoueia aaoi?aie, aea a
iaoeo aeineiaeaeaiiyo aia?oa iieacaii iiaeeeainoue oa aoaeoeaiinoue
ia yeinii?, a eieueeinii? ioeiiee OI acaaaei, i aieiaia — ciii ??
a?aaeaiinoi iiae aieeaii oeo /e iioeo caoai?thaaiue. Oeei naiei
noai?ththoueny iaiaoiaeii oiiae aeey aieueo oe?ieiai aeei?enoaiiy
a?aiiao?i? a eeiiioei aioo?ioiio oai?ia, a oaeiae a iieieeiii/ieo
oiiaao, iniaeeai i?e aenia?oeci i?aoeacaeaoiinoi, eiee eieueeinia
ioeiiea iaaoaa? iniaeeai? oeiiiinoi, ineieueee ni?ey? ia’?eoeaicaoei?
aoaeoeaiinoi eieoaaiiy,anoaiiaeaiiy nooiaiy ao?aoe i?aoeacaeaoiinoi oa
iiaaeiaeecaoei?.

C i?aaenoaaeaieo aeaieo noa? i/aaeaeiei aca?iica’ycie oice/ii?
i?aoeacaeaoiinoi oa iaaeinoaoiinoi EOAeA, a oaeiae iiaeeeainoue
ioeiiee OI o inia c eaaaiaaeie oa na?oeaai-noaeeiieie caoai?thaaiiyie ca
aeiiiiiaith aaciaaai oaaeoaaeueiiai iiaaiieaei?eiao?e/iiai niiniao.

6.Aoaeoeaiinoue iiaaiieaei?eiao?e/iiai niiniao aeey ioeiiee
?acoeueoaoia eieoaaiiy oai?eo 6.Aoaeoeaiinoue iiaaiieaei?eiao?e/iiai
niiniao aeey ioeiiee ?acoeueoaoia eieoaaiiy oai?eo

Ae?ioaiiy aeaiiai caaaeaiiy caeienithaaeiny ia i?eeeaaei eieoaaiiy
oai?eo ia iiaaiieiiiic oa ?aaiiea?aeeo, i?e/iio ia onio oai?eo, a oeo,
yei ca aeiiiiiaith iiaaiieaei?eiao?e/iiai iaoiaeo ianoaaeoaaeeny aeai/i
— ia iiiaio iaaeoiaeaeaiiy aei noaoeiiia?o i a ia?iiae aeienee.

Aei aeai?ie aeeth/aeeny eeoa oai?i c /ioei ae?aaeaiith iaaeinoaoiinoth
EOAeA, oiaoi iaaeinoaoiinoth I2 oa I3. ?? noai ioeiithaaany aeaiyei: ca
ciiiaie iiae aieeaii eieoaaiiy iiaaiioa?iinii?ieaei?eiao?e/ieo
iieacieeia IE?, OAAI, AE?E, yei oa?aeoa?ecothoue eiiaeeoeiiioth/i
iiaeeeainoi aeeoaeueiiai aia?aoo oa ca iiaaiieaei?eiao?e/iei iiaeaenii
— IEI, oa?aeoa?iei iieacieeii ae?aaeaiinoi nooiaiy iaaeinoaoiinoi
EOAeA. Oaeee iaoiaee/iee iiaeoiae ni?eya c’ynoaaiith iniiaiiai ieoaiiy
— /e iiaea aeei?enoiaoaaoeny iiaaiieaei?eiao?e/iee iiaeaen, oiaoi
e?eoa?ie iaaeinoaoiinoi EOAeA aeey ioeiiee aoaeoeaiinoi eieoaaiiy
oai?eo c eaaaiaai-na?oeaaith iaoieiai?th.

Ie?ii oeueiai, ia i?eeeaaei oai?eo ia iiaaiieiiiic oa ?aaiiea?aeeo
aea/aeeny oaeiae aca?iica’ycee IEI c ?acoeueoaoeaiinoth eieoaaiiy ca
i?eeiyoith a eeiii/iie i?aeoeoei iaoiaeeeith ioeiiee ?acoeueoaoeaiinoi
(aoaeoeaiinoi) eieoaaiiy, cai?iiiiiaaii? I.I.Iaco?ii (1965) aaeueiith
nenoaiith: iieiioaiiyi, iacia/iei iieiioaiiyi, aac ciii, iiai?oaiiyi
noaio caei?ia’y. I?e oeueiio a?aoiaoaaeany aeeiaiiea eeiii/ieo i?iyaia
caoai?thaaiiy, iieacieee ooieoeiiiaeueiiai noaio ea?aeii?anii?aoi?ii?
nenoaie, ?aioaaiieiai/ii oa eaai?aoi?ii aeaii, noa’?eoeaia aeoiea
naiiai oai?iai i?i aoaeoeaiinoue i?iaaaeaiiai eieoaaiiy.

C onio ianoaaeoaaieo oai?eo ia iiaaiieiiiic (n=318) aei a?oie aea/aiiy
aoaeoeaiinoi eieoaaiiy aoei aeeth/aii eeoa 100 inia c /ioei
ae?aaeaiith ca IEI iaaeinoaoiinoth EOAeA—I2 oa I3 ca ?aooiie
cieaeaiiy ioeiithaaieo ii IE? oa OAAI, eiai ye oaieiaaiieo
aeanoeainoae (a na?aaeiueiio ia 21 % i?e ? < 0.05), oae i aaioeeyoeieieo iiaeeeainoae, ioeiithaaieo ii ciaioaiith AE?E ia 0.5 e (p < 0,05). Eieoaaiiy oai?eo ia iiaaiieiiiic i?iaiaeeeiny a noaoeiiia?i iaeanii? eeiii/ii? eiea?ii i?ioanieieo caoai?thaaiue i?ioyaii 2-3 oeaeiia. Onii oai?ei i?ecia/aany caaaeueiii?eeiyoee eiiieaen. Iiae aieeaii eieoaaiiy iieiioaiiy noaio caei?ia'y aiaeii/aeiny o 70 oai?eo ci 100 (70 % aeiaaeeia), iacia/ia iieiioaiiy — o 22 % oai?eo, a iaaoaeoeaia — o 8 inia (8 %). Ii ii?i iiaeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiinoi eieoaaiiy cieaeaeany eieueeinoue oai?eo c iaaeinoaoiinoth EOAeA, ui ioeiithaaeany ca IEI. Oae, yeui a a?oii c iaaoaeoeaiei eieoaaiiyi iaaeinoaoiinoue EOAeA ciaioeeany a 37 % aeiaaeeia, a a?oii c iacia/iei iieiioaiiyi — a 64 %, oi a a?oii c ae?aaeaiei eeiii/iei aoaeoii iaaeinoaoiinoue EOAeA ciaioeeany a 90 % aeiaaeeia. Oea aeaco? ia aoaeoeaiinoue IEI aeey ioeiiee ?acoeueoaoeaiinoi eieoaaiiy. Iiaeiaia caeiiiii?iinoue aiaeii/aeany i i?e ioeiioei aoaeoeaiinoi eieoaaiiy ii ci?iaiith au?aaeaiinoe, oiaoi ca nooiaiai iaaeinoaoiinoi EOAeA, ioeiithaaii? ca IEI. Oae, a a?oii c iieiioaiiyi noaio caei?ia'y IEI aei eieoaaiiy aei?iaithaaa -27 ± 0.3%, a iiney eieoaaiiy - 11 ± 0.3, i?e iacia/iiio iieiioaiii eiai aaee/eia neeaaeaea -30 ± 0.7, a iiney -18 ± 0.6; a a?oii aac?acoeueoaoeaiiai eieoaaiiy IEI i?aeoe/ii ia ciiithaaany: aei eieoaaiiy eiai aaee/eia aei?iaithaaea -26 ± 0.5 %, a iiney -25 ± 0.8 %. Oaeei /eiii, iiae aieeaii eieoaaiiy oai?eo ia iiaaiieiiiic ianoaaaei cieaeaiiy ye /anoioe, oae i ae?aaeaiinoi iaaeinoaoiinoi, i?e/iio nooiiiue ei?aeyoei?, oiaoi ciaioaiiy ae?aaeaiinoi iaaeinoaoiinoi EOAeA o oai?eo c iieiioaiiyi caei?ia'y iiae aieeaii eieoaaiiy neeaaeaa 60 % , a i?e iacia/iiio 40 %. Iiaeiaiiai ?iaeo caeiiiii?iinoi aiaeii/aii i a aeineiaeaeaiiyo, i?iaaaeaieo ia 49 oai?eo ia aieiaee ?aaiiea?aeeo I-II nooiaiy aeoeaiinoi i?ioeano ic 71 ia?aeiii ianoaaeaieo, o yeeo aeyaeaii iaaeinoaoiinoue EOAeA I2 oa I3. Iniiaio /anoeio (45%) neeaaeaee oai?i ia iio?aeueiee ii?ie, 30 % — ai?oaeueiee, ?aooo 25 % — c eiiaiiiaaiei aeaeii ii?ieo. O ia?aaaaeii? aieueoinoi (55 %) niinoa?iaaeany iaaeinoaoiinoue e?iaiiaiao I2A noaaei?, o 34 % — I2A, o 11 % — IIII noaaei?. ?o eieoaaiiy caeeth/aeiny o i?ecia/aiii aaeaeaaoiiai iaoiaaiaoe/iiai oa neiioiiaoe/iiai eieoaaiiy, ui aeeth/aei i?ioeiie?iaio, i?ioecaiaeueio oa iioiiei?aaoth/o oa?aiith, aeanaineaieicoth/i oa iaoaaiei/ii caniae, i?aia?aoe aeeaioaeina i?e yaeuao na?oeaai? iaaeinoaoiinoi. Iiae aieeaii i?iaaaeaiiai eieoaaiiy a a?oii oai?eo ia ?aaiiea?aeeo aiaeaoaaeeny aeineoue /ioei ciiie a noaii EOAeA, i?i ui naiae/aoue ?acoeueoaoe aea/aiiy ni?yiiaaiinoi ?? ciii. Caaaeath/e ia iieacieee IEI, oey a?oia oai?eo ia ?aaiiea?aeeo oa?aeoa?ecoaaeany ca na?aaeiiie aeaieie aieueo ae?aaeaiith iaaeinoaoiinoth EOAeA a ii?iaiyiii c oai?eie ia iiaaiieiiiic. Iiae aieeaii eieoaaiiy aiaeaoaaeeny ciiie eiai aaee/ei ye a caaaeueiie, oae i a iiaea?oiao c ?iciith ?acoeueoaoeaiinoth eieoaaiiy.Oae, ic 49 oai?eo caaaeueii? a?oie o 35 inia a 73 % aeiaaeeia IEI caieueooaaany, oiaoi cieaeaiiy iiae aieeaii eieoaaiiyy ae?aaeainoi iaaeinoaoiinoi EOAeA. Eeoa a 17 % aeiaaeeia eiai aaee/eia ia ciiithaaeany, a a 10 % oai?eo aii ciaiooaaany, oiaoi niinoa?iaaeiny iineeaiiy iaaeinoaoiinoi EOAeA. Oa iaeaieueoa aeiaaeeia c?inoaiiy IEI, oiaoi cieaeaiiy ae?aaeaiinoi iaaeinoaoiinoi EOAeA, niinoa?iaaeiny a a?oii oai?eo, eieoaaiiy yeeo caaa?oeeiny iieiioaiiyi: ic 41 oai?iai aeaii? a?oie o 32 inia aai o 80 % aeiaaeeia iiaeaeueeany aaee/eia IEI. O oai?eo, eieoaaiiy yeeo aeyaeeiny aac?acoeueoaoeaiei (6 %), aaee/eia IE? aai acaaaei ia ciiithaaeany, aai iaaioue niinoa?iaaeiny ?? cieaeaiiy, ui naiae/eei i?i caieueoaiiy iaaeinoaoiinoi EOAeA iiae aieeaii eieoaaiiy. Oaeei /eiii, eiee ?acoeueoaoeaiinoue eieoaaiiy c?inoaea, c?inoaea i aaee/eia IEI, oiaoi nooiiiue ae?aaeaiinoi iaaeinoaoiinoi EOAeA cieaeo?oueny i caieueoo?oueny /enei oai?eo, o yeeo ae?aaeaiinoue iaaeinoaoiinoi aeaii? ooieoei? ia ciiith?oueny, aai iaaioue ciaioo?oueny. Oea ia?aeiio? a oiio, ui iiaaiieaei?iiao?e/iee e?eoa?ie iaaeinoaoiinoi EOAeA caaacia/o? iiaeeeainoue ia oieueee eieueeinii? ioeiiee aoaeoeaiinoi eieoaaiiy acaaaei, a e ioeiieo eiai ?acoeueoaoeaiinoi. Aeaia caeiiiii?iinoue iiaeoaa?aeeeany i i?e aiaeici iaoa?iaeo c aea/aiiyi eieueeinii? ae?aaeaiinoi iaaeinoaoiinoi EOAeA oai?eo ia ?aaiiea?aeeo. Oae, o a?oii oai?eo, eieoaaiiy yeeo caaa?oeeiny iieeioaiiyi noaio caei?ia'y, aaee/eia IEI, oiaoi ae?aaeaiinoue iaaeinoaoiinoi EOAeA caieueoeeany c -32 % aei -21 %, oiaoi eiiaeeoeiiioth/i iiaeeeainoi aeeoaeueiiai aia?aoo c?inee iiae aieeaii eieoaaiiy ia 11 %, oiaoi ei?aeoeiy (aiaeiiaeaiiyy) oei?? ooieoei? iiae aieeaii aoaeoeaiiai eieoaaiiy neeaea, i?eaeecii, 1/3. O inia, eieoaaiiy yeeo caaa?oeeiny iacia/iei iieiioaiiyi aai ciii a noaii caei?ia'y acaaaei ia aiaeaoeiny, ei?aeoei? aeaii? ooieoei? i?aeoe/ii ia aiaeaoaaeiny, ciiie eiiaeeoeiiioth/eo iiaeeeainoae aeyaeeeny iaaeinoiai?ieie. Oaeei /eiii, ia?aiee a yeinoi e?eoa?ith iaaeinoaoiinoi EOAeA iiaaiieaei?eiao?e/iee iiaeaen c aeineoue ae?aaeaiith aeeoa?aioeiaoei?th aiaeia?aaea? oi ciiie eiiaeeoeiiioth/i? ooieoei?, yei ianoathoue iiae aieeaii eieoaaiiy i caeaaeii aiae eiai ?acoeueoaoeaiinoi. Aeyaeaii caeiiiii?iinoi, a oiio /enei o niiaaiaeioaiiyo iiae IEI oa ?acoeueoaoeaiinoth eieoaaiiy oai?eo ia iiaaiieiiiic oa ?aaiiea?aeeo c iaaeinoaoiinoth EOAeA, naiae/aoue i?i eiai aoaeoeaiinoue ia oieueee aeey aeyaeaiiy iaaeinoaoiinoi aeaii? ooieoei? oa ioeiiee oice/ii? i?aoeacaeaoiinoi oai?eo, a e i?i iiaeeeainoue aeei?enoaiiy a eeiii/iie i?aeoeoei aeey ioeiiee aoaeoeaiinoi eieoaaiiy oai?eo i ei?aeoei? eiiaeeoeiiioth/i? ooieoei? aeeoaeueiiai aia?aoo. AENIIAEE AENIIAEE 1.Iaaeinoaoiinoue EOAeA neiae ioeiithaaoe ca aaee/eiith iiaaiieaei?eiao?e/iiai iiaeaeno IEI caiaeii c a?aaeaoei?th, ui ia?aaeaa/a? aeaeieaiiy ia?oi?, ae?oai? ? o?aouei? ?? nooiaiia. 2.sse niaoeeoe/iee e?eoa?ie iaaeinoaoiino? EOAeA IE? iioaa?aoeaii aiaeia?aaea? ciiie oaieiaiinoo o aeaeeooaaiiio iiaio?i i ca ?aooiie ciii eiai ianyao (AE?E), i ca ?aooiie ciii nooiiiy eiai cia?iaaiiy; aieiaei? aenieith aeiaaiinoe/iith /ooeeainoth oa iioi?iaoeaiinoth ca Eoeueaaeii i oiio iiaea aeei?enoiaoaaoeny aeey eiiieaenii? ioeiiee noaio EOAeA i?e eaaaiaai-na?oeaaeo caoai?thaaiiyo. 3.?ic?iaeaia iiaaiieaei?eiao?e/ia a?aaeaoeiy iaaeinoaoiinoi EOAeA caaacia/o? aeyaeaiiy o?ueio nooiaiia ?? ae?aaeaiinoi, a %%: I nooiiiue I1 — iiii?ia i?e cia/aiiyo IEI a?ae iiion 15 aei iiion 29.9 %, II nooiiiue I2 ae?aaeaia — i?e IEI aiae iiion 30 aei iiion 45 % i III nooiiiue — I3 cia/ia i?e cia/aiiyo IEI iaioa iiion 45 %. 4.Iaaeinoaoiinoue EOAeA ? aeineoue ?iciioe?aiei iaoieiai/iei noaiii i aiaeii/a?oueny a 5 % aeiaaeeia iaaioue o a?oiao i?aeoe/ii caei?iaeo inia (eiio?iei). Na?aae a?oi oai?eo ia eaaaiaai caoai?thaaiiy aiia aeyaey?oueny a 13 ?acia /anoioa i?e iiaaiieiiiici oa o?iii/iiio a?iioioi, a a a?oiao oai?eo ia a?iioiaeueio anoio a 19 ?acia /anoioa (a 95 % aeiaaeeia). I?e na?oeaai-noaeeiieo caoai?thaaiiyo: iaeaieueo /anoi, i?eaeecii a 16 ?acia (o 80 % oai?eo) /anoioa aiia aeiaaiinoo?oueny o oai?eo ia aiia?oiii/io oai?iao, o oai?eo ia ION a 79 % i a 80 % — o oai?eo ia ?aaiaoeci. 5.A no?oeoo?i iaaeinoaoiinoi EOAeA aieueo oyaeei oi?ie — I2 oa I3 niinoa?iaathoueny o oai?eo ia a?iioiaeueio anoio — o 89 %, o 38 % — o oai?eo ia o?iii/iee a?iioio oa 27 % — oai?eo ia iiaaiieiiiic, a oaeoi?aie, ui aecia/athoue ?? /anoioo i ae?aaeaiinoue ? ia oieueee iicieiai/ii ?iciiaeaee, a e oyaeeinoue, iniaeeainoi ia?aaiao caoai?thaaiiy, ae?aaeaiinoue eaaaiaai? iaaeinoaoiinoi oa iaaeinoaoiinoi e?iaiaiao i?e aeaieo caoai?thaaiiyo. 6.IEI /ioei ei?aeth? c iniiaieie iieacieeaie ooieoeiiiaeueiiai noaio ea?aeii?anii?aoi?ii? nenoaie, aiaeii/a?oueny ae?aaeaia caeaaeiinoue iaaeinoaoiinoi EOAeA aiae nooiaiy iaaeinoaoiinoi e?iaiiaiao oa aeeoaiiy ca oai?ia eaaaiue oa na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie, ui aeaco? ia iiaeeeainoue i aeioeieueiinoue aeei?enoaiiy IEI a yeinoi aeiaeaoeiaiai iioaa?aoeaiiai e?eoa?ith i?e ioeiioei ooieoeiiiaeueiiai noaio oa iiaeeeainoae ea?aeii?anii?aoi?ii? nenoaie a oeieiio. 7.Nooi?iue iaaeinoaoiinoi EOAeA o oai?eo ia eaaaiaai-na?oeaai caoai?thaaiiy nooo?ai cieaeo?oueny iiae aieeaii eieoaaiiy i /ei aiii ?acoeueoaoeaiioa, oei aieueoa cieaeaiiy, ui naiae/eoue i?i aoaeoeaiinoue IEI aeey ia'?eoeaicaoei? ioeiiee ?acoeueoaoia eieoaaiiy oa ei?aeoei? EOAeA o oai?eo ia eaaaiaai oa na?oeaai-noaeeiii caoai?thaaiiy. 8.Eaei?e/iee iieaciee EOAeA (IE?) oa oice/ia i?aoeacaeaoiinoue (O?) ia?aaoaathoue a oiniiio ei?aeyoeieiiio ca'yceo (r = 0.91), ae?aaeaiith ca aeaieie ei?aeyoeieii-?aa?aneaiiai aiaeico ?iaiyiiyi: O? = 59.9 * IEA + 33, yea caaacia/o? eieueeinia aecia/aiiy iaeneiaeueii? oice/ii? i?aoeacaeaoiinoi aaciaaaioaaeoaaeueiei iiaaiieaei?eiao?e/iei niiniaii, iiieeea yeiai ia ia?aaeuo? 7 % a ii?iaiyiii c ?? aecia/aiiyi ca oanoii PWC170. 9.Ca aeaieie oeueiai niiniao O? oai?eo ia iiaaiieiiiic iiae aieeaii caoai?thaaiiy cieaeo?oueny a na?aaeiueiio ia 10 %, neeaaeath/e 800 eai/oa (131 ao), o oai?eo ia o?iii/iee a?iioio — ia 15 % i neeaaea? 775 eai/oa (127 ao), a o oai?eo ia a?iioiaeueio anoio — ia 50 % i neeaaea? 487 eai/oa (78 ao). O oai?eo c na?oeaai-noaeeiieie caoai?thaaiiyie aiia cieaeo?oueny ia 32 % a caaaeueiie a?oii oai?eo ia ION, a ?? aaee/eia a aaniethoieo aaee/eiao neeaaea? 584 eai/oa (106 ao); i?e aiia?oiii/iie oai?iai aiaeiiaiaeii ia 16 % i neeaaea? 730 eai/oa (119 ao), a i?e ?aaiiea?aeeoi ia 30 % i neeaaea? 626 eai/oa (106 ao). 10.?ic?iaeaiee i caoeuaiee aaoi?nueeeie iinaiae/aiiyie aeaeo?iiiee iiaaiieaei?eiao? caaacia/o? i?yia aecia/aiiy noaiaea?oieo ?anii?aoi?ieo oaieiaeo?ao ca ?aooiie ia?aoai?aiiy oaiia?aoo?e aeaeeooaaiiai ? aaeeooaaiiai iiaio?y o nooi?iue eiai c?a??aaiiy — DO; oaeaee?noue aeaeeooaaiiai iia?o?y — a ia'?i AE?E, a oei aeaa ia?aiao?e — o aaee/eio, i?iii?oeieio oaieiaiinoo aeaeeooaaiiai iiaio?y IE?. 11.Ia'?aeiaiiy iiaaiieaei?eiao?a c ?ic?iaeaiei aia?aoii-i?ia?aiiei eiiieaenii ia aaci IBM-niieueiiai eiii'thoa?a aaoiiaoeco? oni ?ic?aooieiai iia?aoei?, a oiio /enei ii aecia/aiith IEI oa nooiaiy iaaeinoaoiinoi EOAeA, iiaeaeuo? oi/iinoue aeineiaeaeaiiy, cieaeo? o?oaeiiinoeinoue oa cao?aoe ?iai/iai /ano ia i?ioeaaeo?o c 40 - 45 oaeeei aei 3 - 4 oaeeei, caa?iaaiiy o o?eaaeie iai'yoi eiii'thoa?a onio iaea?aeaieo aeaieo oa ?o ?icia/aoeo, ui ia?aoai?th? iiaaiieaei?iiao?ith a aeni?an-iaoiae aecia/aiiy iaaeinoaoiinoi EOAeA. 12.Aeciaia aeiaoiaeii iiaeaeue EOAeA, ui aeeth/a? nenoaie iiioaoei? eaaaiaai? aaioeeyoei? oa e?iaiiaiao, noaaieicaoei? oaiia?aoo?e oaieiiiniy oa neio?iiicaoeith ?o ooieoeiiioaaiiy, caaacia/o? aeaiiino?aoeith iaoaiiciia eiiaeeoeiiioaaiiy aeeoaeueiiai iiaio?y i ?ieue o ?icaeoeo iaaeinoaoiinoi EOAeA noaio aa?i-oa aaiiaeeiaiiee aeeoaeueiiai aia?aoo. I?AEOE*II ?AEIIAIAeAOeI? I?AEOE*II ?AEIIAIAeAOeI? 1.?ic?iaeaiee aeaeo?iiiee iiaaiieaei?eiao? oa eiii'thoa?io i?ia?aio aeioeieueii canoinoaaoe a eaaiiaoao ooieoeiiiaeueii? aeiaaiinoeee oa?aiaaoe/ieo oa ioeueiiiieiai/ieo aiaeaeieaiue eiea?aiue, nii?oeaiie iaaeeoeeii; iaoeiaeo eaai?aoi?iyo i?e aeineiaeaeaiii ?anii?aoi?iiai oaieiiaiiio. 2.A eeiii/iie (ioeueiiiieiai/iie, oa?aiaaoe/iie) i?aeoeoei ?ic?iaeaio a?aaeaoeith iaaeinoaoiinoi EOAeA aeioeieueii aeei?enoiaoaaoe aeey ia?aeiii? ioeiiee ii?ooaiue a aeiyeueiinoi aeeoaeueii? oa na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoai, a oaeiae ea?aeii?anii?aoi?iie nenoaii a oeieiio. 3.Aaciaaaioaaeoaaeueiee niinia aecia/aiiy oice/ii? i?aoeacaeaoiinoi neiae canoiniaoaaoe o iaoei?ioia c i?ioeiieacaiiyie aei aeiciaaiiai oice/iiai iaaaioaaeaiiy i?e iiaeaioiaoei aei iia?aoeaieo ao?o/aiue, aeey ioeiiee aoaeoeaiinoi eieoaaiiy oai?eo, ianaiia?aae, c caoai?thaaiiyie ea?aeii?anii?aoi?ii? nenoaie; ye aeni?an-iaoiae i?e i?ioiaeyaeao (a oiio /enei inia oice/ii? i?aoei, nii?oniaiia, inia "aa?y/eo i?ioanie") i a i?aeoeoei aenia?oece i?aoeacaeaoiinoi. 4.O ca'yceo c i?aeoe/ii iiaiith aiaenooiinoth iioi?iaoei? a iaa/aeueieo iiniaieeao i?i iaaeinoaoiinoue EOAeA, ?ic?iaeaia iiaeaeue EOAeA iiaea aeei?enoiaoaaoeny ye iai/iinoue a iaa/aeueiiio i?ioeani ia eaoaae?ao iaaee/ieo iinoeoooia oa oiiaa?neoaoia. NIENIE IIOE?EIAAIEO ?IA?O CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe?? Iaeiiin?ai?. 1.Aaa?eia N.O.Iaaeinoaoi/iinoue eiiaeeoeeiie?othuae ooieoeee aeuoaoaeueiiai aiia?aoa i?e aieaciyo ea?aeei?anie?aoi?iie nenoaiu //A?oea eeeie/aneie e yenia?eiaioaeueiie iaoieiaee.-1996, O.5.-N 2.-N.139-142. 2.Aaa?eia N.O.Ninoiyiea eiiaeeoeeiie?othuae ooieoeee aeuoaoaeueiiai aiia?aoa o aieueiuo eoaie/aneie aieaciueth na?aeoea // Oe?aeineee ea?aeeieiae/aneee aeo?iae.-1997, N 3, aui.2.-N.30-32. 3.Aaa?eia N.O.Ei??aeyoeey iieacaoaeae eiiaeeoeeiie?othuae e aaciiaiaiiie ooieoeee aeuoaoaeueiiai aiia?aoa a ii?ia e iaoieiaee //Oe?aeineee ea?aeeieiae/aneee aeo?iae.-1997,N 3,aui.2.-N.33-36. 4.Aaa?eia N.O.Aaciaaaioaaeoaaeueiee iiaaiieaei?eiao?e/iee can?a ioe?iee o?ce/ii? i?aoeacaeaoiino? a ea?ae?iioeueiiiieia?/ii? i?aeoeoe?//E?ea?nueea ni?aaa. A?a/aaiia aeaei.-1997, N 5.-N.120-123. 5.Aaa?eia N.O. Yooaeoeaiinoue iiaaiieaei?eiao?ee aeey eiee/anoaaiiie ioeaiee ?acoeueoaoeaiinoe ea/aiey aieueiuo iiaaiieiieicii e ?aaiiea?aeeoii//E?ea?nueea ni?aaa. A?a/aaiia aeaei.-1997, N 6.-N.111-114. 6.Aaa?eia N.O. Eiiaeeoeeiie?othuay ooieoeey aeuoaoaeueiiai aiia?aoa e aa iaaeinoaoi/iinoue//A?oea eeeie/aneie e yenia?eiaioaeueiie iaoieiaee.-1997,O.6.-N2.-N.202-207. 7.Aaa?eia N.O. ?ieue aaiiaeeiaieee a iaoiaaiaca iaaeinoaoi/iinoe eiiaeeoeeiie?othuae ooieoeee aeuoaoaeueiiai aiia?aoa//Oe?aeineee ea?aeeieiae/aneee aeo?iae.-1998,N2.-N.58-60. 8.Aaa?eia N.O. Yeni?ann-niinia eiee/anoaaiiie ioeaiee iaaeinoaoi/iinoe eiiaeeoeeiie?othuae ooieoeee aeuoaoaeueiiai aiia?aoa // Eiea?nueea ni?aaa. A?a/aaiia aeaei.-1998,N2.-N.113-116. 9.Aaa?eia N.O. Iaaeinoaoi/iinoue eiiaeeoeeiie?othuae ooieoeee aeuoaoaeueiiai aiia?aoa o aieueiuo iae?ioee?eoeyoi?iie aeenoiieae //Oe?aeineee ea?aeeieiae/aneee aeo?iae.-1998,N4.-N.31-32. 10.Aaa?eia N.O. ?ieue ay?i-e aaiiaeeiaieee a oi?ie?iaaiee iaaeinoaoi/iinoe eiiaeeoeeiie?othuae ooieoeee aeuoaoaeueiiai aiia?aoa i?e eaai/ii-na?aea/iuo caaieaaaieyo//Eiea?nueea ni?aaa. A?a/aaiia aeaei.-1998,N3.-N.99 -101. 11.Aaa?eia N.O. Iaaeinoaoi/iinoue eiiaeeoeeiie?othuae ooieoeee aeuoaoaeueiiai aiia?aoa i?e iaeioi?uo caaieaaaieyo nenoaiu aeuoaiey e e?iaiia?auaiey //Oa?aiaaoe/aneee a?oea.-1999,O71.- N3.-N.48-51. O ni?aaaoi?noa?. 12.Aaa?eia O.O.,Aaa?eia N.O.Iaoiaee/aneea iniiau aeeooa?aioeeaeueiie ioeaiee eiiaeeoeeiie?othuae ooieoeee aeuoaoaeueiiai aiia?aoa a eeeie/aneie i?aeoeea //Oa?aiaaoe/aneee a?oea.-1985-O.57,N3.-N.73-74. 13.Aaa?eia O.O., Aaa?eia N.O., Iiiia A.A. E iaoiaeeea iiaeaee?iaaiey eiiaeeoeeiie?othuae ooieoeee aeuoaoaeueiiai aiia?aoa a o/aaiii i?ioeanna // Oeceie. /aeiaaea.-1988.- N 6.-N.1033-1034. 14.Aaa?eia O.O.,Aaa?eia N.O.E iaoiaeeea ?aaeno?aoeee ?anie?aoi?iuo oaieiiioa?ue//Oeceie. /aeiaaea.-1990.-O.16, N 5.-N.169-172. 15.Aaa?eia O.O., Aaa?eia N.O. E iaoiaeeea enneaaeiaaiey ?anie?aoi?iiai oaieiiaiaia //Oeceieia. aeo?i. NNN?.-1990.-O.76, N2.-N.283-288. 16.Agarkov S.F., Antipov N.V., Stavinsky K.S., Terehov U.S. Automatic System of quantity estimation of risc factors of coronary heart disease // Aanoiee a?eoiieiaee.-1998.-N 8.-N.139. 17.Agarkov S.F., Antipov N.V. Automatic System of quantity estimation of condition function of the lungs//School of Fundamental Medicine Journal.-1998.-V.2.-N2.-P.78. Aeiao?aee. 18.Aaa?eia O.O., Aaa?eia N.O. A.N.1052217 A 61 A 5/08. Ono?ienoai aeey ecia?aiey oa?iiiao?e/aneeo ia?aiao?ia aeuoaiey //Ioe?uoey e ecia?aoaiey.-I., 1983.-N 41. 19.Aaa?eia O.O., Aaa?eia N.O. A.N. 1223064 A61 A 5/08. Ono?ienoai Aaa?eiaa aeey ?aaeno?aoeee eaei?eiao?e/aneeo ia?aiao?ia aeuoaiey //Ioe?uoey e ecia?aoaiey.-I., 1986.-N 13. 20.Aaa?eia O.O., Aaa?eia N.O. A.N.1358932 A 61 A 5/08. O/aaiay iiaeaeue aeey aeaiiino?aoeee ooieoeee aeuoaoaeueiiai aiia?aoa // Ioe?uoey e ecia?aoaiey.-I.,-1987.-N 46.-N.30. Oace aeiiiaiaeae, iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??, ?ioi?iaoe?ei? eenoe. 21.Aaa?eia N.O., Aaa?eiaa A.A., Ia?eo?ueaa E.A. Ooieoeiiiaeueii-iaaaioaaeoaaeueia iiaaiioa?iiiao?iy ye iaoiaea ioeiiee eiiaeioeieii? ooieoei? aeeoaeueiiai aia?aoo// OI c’?cae Oe?. oiciieia. oiaa?enoaa: Oace aeiiiaiaeae.-Ee?a: “Iaoeiaa aeoiea”, 1982.-N.4-5. 22.Aaa?eia O.O., Neiy/aiei A.A., Aaa?eia N.O., Aieueaeaiaa?a N.Ae., Aaa?eiaa A.A., Naaeiaa A.A. Iaoiaee/aneea ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii iiaaiioa?iieaei?eiao?e/aneie ioeaiea eiiaeeoeeiie?othuae ooieoeee aeuoaoaeueiiai aiia?aoa.-Aeiiaoee, 1982.-21 n. 23.Aaa?eia O.O., Neiy/aiei A.A., Aaa?eia N.O. Iiaaiioa?iiea ei?eiao?e/aneee niinia aeeooa?aioeeaeueiie ioeaiee eiiaeeoeeiie?othuae ooieoeee aeuoaoaeueiiai aiia?aoa: (Iaoiae. ?aeiiaiaeaoeee).-Aeiiaoee, 1985.-8 n. Yeniiiao AAeIO NNN?, oaeinoiai Na?aa?yiie iaaeaee. 24.Aaa?eia O.O., Neiy/aiei A.A. , Aaa?eia N.O., A?aiei A.I., Aaa?eiaa A.A. Niiniau ioeaiee eiiaeeoeeiie?othuae ooieoeee aeuoaoaeueiiai aiia?aoa: Iaoiae. ?aeiiaiaeaoeee.-Aeiiaoee,1985.-3n. 25.Aaa?eia O.O., Aaa?eia N.O. Oiciieiai/ia cia/aiiy, e?ioa?i? oa iaoiaea ioeiiee eiiaeioeiiii?oth/i? ooieoei? aeeoaeueiiai aia?aoo /EOAeA/: Oace aeii. XII c’?caeo Oe?. oiciieia. oiaa?enoaa.-Eueaia,1986.-N.5-6. 26.Aaa?eia O.O., Eacaeia A.I., Iiiia A.A., Aaa?eia N.O. Iaoiaee/aneea ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii iiaeaee?iaaieth e ioeaiea eiiaeeoeeiie?othuae ooieoeee aeuoaoaeueiiai aiia?aoa a o/aaiii i?ioeanna.(Aeey i?aiiaeaaaoaeae).-Eeaa: ?IE IC ONN?, 1987.-12n. 27.Oooiei A.N., Aaa?eia N.O., Aei?ioaaaa A.E., Ea?aeo?e/e I.E., A?a/ei A.O. Iiuo aeeaaiinoeee e ea/aiey o?iie/aneeo a?iioeoia o/anoieeia eeeaeaeaoeee aaa?ee ia *a?iiaueueneie AYN: Oac. aeiee. O iae. iao/. eiio. ii?oieiaia (15-16 ieoya?y 1993).-Aeiiaoee, 1993.-N.116. 28.Aieueaeen A.N., Aaa?eia N.O., Oooiei A.N. Ninoiyiea eiiaeeoeeiie?othuae ooieoeee aeuoaoaeueiiai aiia?aoa o eeeaeaeaoi?ia aaa?ee ia *a?iiaueueneie AYN//Aeooaeueiua i?iaeaiu i?ioanneiiaeueiie iaoieiaee e ?aaeeaoeeiiiie iaaeeoeeiu: Oac. aeiee. iao/. i?aeo. eiio. (13 iay 1994 a.).-N.244. 29.Aaa?eia N.O.Ei??aeyoeeiiiua acaeiiioiioaiey iiaa-iieaei?eiao?e/aneeo e nie?iiao?e/aneeo iieacaoaeae aiaoiaai aeuoaiey a ii?ia e i?e eaai/ii-na?aea/iuo caaieaaaieyo: Oac. aeiee. THaeeaeiie eiio., iinayuaiiie 75-eaoeth ae.i.i. cane. ?aa. auno. oeieu Oe?aeiu i?io. Caaai?iaeiaai E.A.-Aeiiaoee,1994.-*.1.-N.13-14. 30.Aaa?eia N.O., Aieueaeen A.N.,Oooiei A.N.,Aaooaaaa O.Ae, Ie?iaeeiaa N.I. Eaca?ioa?aiey aeia?aaioeeyoeeiiiiai neiae?iia (AAN) o o/anoieeia eeeaeaeaoeee iineaaenoaee ia *a?iiaueueneie AYN// I?eiaiaiea eaca?ia a iaaeeoeeia e aeieiaee: Oac. aeiee. III iao/. i?aeo.eiio.-sseoa, 1994.-N.81. 31.Aaa?eia N.O., Aaa?eia O.O., Iiiia A.A. Iiaeaethaaiiy oa ioeiiea eiiaeioeiiii?oth/i? ooieoei? aeeoaeueiiai aia?aoo (EOAeA): Oace aeiiiaiaeae XIII c’?caeo oe?. oiciieia. oiaa?enoaa.-Aeiiaoeuee,1994.-N.129. 32.Aaa?eia N.O. Iiaaiieaei?eiao?e/aneee eiaeaen eae e?eoa?ee au?aaeaiiinoe iaaeinoaoi/iinoe eiiaeeoeeiie?othuae ooieoeee aeuoaoaeueiiai aiia?aoa o ai?ii?aai/eo, aieueiuo iiaaiieiieicii // Aeooaeueiua aii?inu aeaeaiu o?oaea e i?ioiaoieiaee: Oac. aeiee. iao/. i?aeo. eiio.-Aeiiaoee, 1995.-N.123. 33.Aaa?eia N.O.,Aieueaeen A.N.Eiiiuethoa?iay aeeaaiinoeea oaeoi?ia ?enea o?iie/aneeo ianiaoeeoe/aneeo caaieaaaiee eaaeeo: Eioi?iaoeeiiiia ienueii.- Aeiiaoee, 1995.-1 n. 34.Aaa?eia N.O.Aeeyiea eaca?iioieoo?u (EI) ia iaaeinoaoi/iinoue eiiaeeoeeiie?othuae ooieoeee aeuoaoaeueiiai aiia?aoa (EOAeA) o eeeaeaeaoi?ia aaa?ee ia *a?iiaueueneie AYN// I?eiaiaiea eaca?ia a iaaeeoeeia e aeieiaee: Iaoa?eaeu ?ani. iao/. i?aeo. eiio.- Oa?ueeia,1996.-N.6-7. 35. Aaa?eia N.O., Aieueaein A.N., Oooiii N.N. Aaeeaaiiy aaoiiaoeciaaii? nenoaie aeyaeaiiy oaeoi?ia ?eceeo ICN o iaa/aiii nooaeaioia // Canoinoaaiiy eiii’thoa?ii? oaoiiee o iaa/aeueiiio i?ioeani iaaee/ieo oa oa?iaoeaaoe/ieo aeueo iaa/aeueieo caeeaaeia Oe?aiie: Iaoa?iaee aeiiiaiaeae IV-a ?ani. iaoe. iaoiae. eiio.-Ee?a-Aeiiaoeuee, 1994.-N.4-5. 36.Aaa?eia N.O.,Aaa?eiaa A.A.,Aiae?aaaa A.O.,Aieueaeaiaa?a N.Ae. Ei? ?aeyoeeiiiua acaeiiioiioaiey iieacaoaeae eiiaeeoeeiie?othuae ooieoeee aeuoaoaeueiiai aiia?aoa e eo aeeaaiinoe/iinoue a eeeie/aneie e nii?oeaiie iaaeeoeeia //Ia?a/aiue iao/.enneaaeia.?aaio nannee iao/. niaaoa “Oeceieiaey /aeiaaea e aeeaioiuo”AI ONN?.-Aeiiaoee,1981.-N.5-6. 37. Aaa?eia N.O., Ieaoiaa A.A., Eaithea A.A. Aaoiiaoece?iaaiiay nenoaia aeey eaaeiaoa eaca?iie oa?aiee //Canoinoaaiiy eaca??a a iaaeeoeei? oa a?ieia??: Oac. aeii.IV iaoe.i?aeo.eiio.(27ethoiai-3 aa?aciy). -Euea?a, 1995.-N.152. 38. Aaa?eia N.O. Iaaeinoaoi/iinoue eiiaeeoeeiie?othuae ooieoeee aeuoaoaeueiiai aiia?aoa o eeeaeaeaoi?ia aaa?ee ia *a?iia?eueneie AAN//Aeooaeueiua i?iaeaiu iaaeeoeeiu Aeiiaanna: Oac. aeiee. iao/. i?aeo. eiio.-Aeiiaoee, 1996.-N.4. 39. Aaa?eia N.O. Naycue iieacaoaeae eiiaeeoeeiie?othuae ooieoeee aeuoaoaeueiiai aiia?aoa ni noaiaiueth ?enea ?acaeoey ianiaoeeoe/aneeo caaieaaaiee: Oac. aeiee. IX iae. iao/. eiio. ii?oieiaia.-Aeiiaoee,1992.-N.3. Aaa?eia N. O. Iaaeinoaoi?noue eiiaeeoe?iioth/i? ooieoe?? aeeoaeueiiai aia?aoo i?e eaaaiaai-na?oeaaeo caoai?thaaiiyo (e??oa???, a?aaeaoe?y, ae?aaiinoeea, ei?aeoe?y).-?oeiien. Aeena?oaoei? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a iaaee/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeueiinoth 14.01.27 — ioeueiiiieiaiy.— E?einueeee ?anioaeieainueeee IAeI oice/ieo iaoiaeia eieoaaiiy oa iaaee/ii? eeiiaoieiai? ii.I.I.N?/aiiaa.—sseoa,1999. Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia aea/aiith iaei??? c ianiaoeeo?/ieo — eiiaeeoe?iioth/i? ooieoe?? aeeoaeueiiai aia?aoo (EOAeA). Aia?oa noi?ioeueiaaii iiiyooy iaaeinoaoiinoi EOAeA ye ?aciiaeaeiinoi iaoieiai?, nooue yei? iieyaa? a iaiaaeaiii ooieoeiiiaeueieo iiaeeeainoae aeeoaeueiiai aia?aoo ye aiieiai/iiai eiiaeeoeiiia?a, ui i?iyaey?oueny iaaeia?iaaiiyi aeaeeooaaiiai iiaio?y oa nei?i/aiiyi ?anii?aoi?ieo oaieiaeo?ao ia cia?iaaiiy aeeoaeueiiai iiaio?y. Aeey aeiaaiinoeee IEOAeA cai?iiiiiaaii i?eaiiaeueiee niaoeeoi/iee e?eoa?ie — iiaaiieaei?eiao?e/iee iiaeaen IEI. Aia?oa onoaiiaeaii ei?aeyoeieii aca?iica’ycee iiae IEI oa ?icieie nii?iiao?e/ieie, aaiiaeeiaii/ieie i a?aiiao?e/ieie iieacieeaie oice/ii? i?aoeacaeaoiinoi oai?eo, ?ic?iaeaii aaciaaaioaaeoaaeueiee, iiaaiieaei?eiao?e/iee niinia ?? eieueeinii? ioeiiee. Onoaiiaeaii caeaaeiinoue iaaeinoaoiinoi aeaii? ooieoei? aiae noaio aa?i —oa aaiiaeeiaiiee. Iaa?oioiaaia i?e/aiiinoue aei eiiaeeoeiioaaiiy aeeoaeueiiai iiaio?y ia oieueee aeeoaeueieo oeyoia, ye oea aoei i?eeiyoi aaaaeaoe ?aiioa, a e a?iioiiei-aeueaaiey?iiai aiaeaeieo. C iaoith aeei?enoaiiy a oe?ieie eeiii/iie i?aeoeoei ?ic?iaeaii i?eaiiaeueiee iiaaiieaei?eiao?e/iee niinia aeiaaiinoeee oa eieueeinii? ioeiiee o?ueio nooiaiia iaaeinoaoiinoi EOAeA c ia?inoath/ith ?? ae?aaeaiinoth — I1, I2, I3 oa aiaenooiinoi ?? I0.Aia?oa i?aaenoaaeaii ii?iaiyeueio oa?aeoa?enoeeo iaaeinoaoiinoi EOAeA o oai?eo ia neeieic, aio?aeic, aio?aeineeieic, o?iii/iee a?iioio, a?iioiaeueio anoio, iioa?eo iiiea?aea, ?aaiiea?aeeo oa aiia?oiii/io oai?iao. Iieacaii iiaeeeainoue ei?aeoei? iaaeinoaoiinoi EOAeA ca aeiiiiiaith iaoiaeia eieoaaiiy, yei canoiniaothoueny a eeiii/iie i?aeoeoei, oa i?yio caeaaeiinoue ae?aaeaiinoi aiaeoai?aiiy iieacieeia aiae ?acoeueoaoeaiinoi eieoaaiiy.Aeey ?aaeicaoei? niiniao ?ic?iaeaii i?eioeeiiao noaio iiaaiioa?iieaei?eiao?e/ii? aeaeo?iiii? aia?aoo?e, aoaeiao iiaeaei aeeoaeueiiai aia?aoo aeey aeaiiino?aoei? iaoaiicio eiiaeeoeiiioaaiiy aeeoaeueiiai iiaio?y. Eeth/ia? neiaa: o?ii?/i? ianiaoeeo?/i? caoai?thaaiiy eaaai?a, eiiaeeoe?iioth/a ooieoe?y aeeoaeueiiai aia?aoo, ae?aaiinoeea, ei?aeoe?y. Aaa?eia N. O. Iaaeinoaoi/iinoue eiiaeeoeeiie?othuae ooieoeee aeuoaoaeueiiai aiia?aoa i?e eaai/ii-na?aea/iuo caaieaaaieyo (e?eoa?ee, a?aaeaoeey, aeeaaiinoeea, ei??aeoeey).-?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie aeieoi?a iaaeeoeeineeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14.01.27 — ioeueiiiieiaey.- E?uineee ?anioaeeeaineee IEE oece/aneeo iaoiaeia ea/aiey e iaaeeoeeineie eeeiaoieiaee ei.E.I.Na/aiiaa. Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia eco/aieth iaeiie eo ianiaoeeoe/aneeo — eiiaeeoeeiie?othuae ooieoeee aeuoaoaeueiiai aiia?aoa (EOAeA). Aia?aua noi?ioee?iaaii iiiyoea iaaeinoaoi/iinoe EOAeA eae ?aciiaeaeiinoe iaoieiaee, nooue eioi?ie ninoieo a ia?aie/aiee ooieoeeiiaeueiuo aiciiaeiinoae aeuoaoaeueiiai aiia?aoa eae aeieiae/aneiai eiiaeeoeeiia?a e i?iyaeyaony iaaeia?aaaieai auaeuoaaiiai aicaeooa e oiaiueoaieai ?anie?aoi?iuo oaieicao?ao. Aeey aeeaaiinoeee iaaeinoaoi/iinoe EOAeA i?aaeeiaeai i?eaeiaeueiue e?eoa?ee — iiaaiieaei?eiao?e/aneee eiaeaen IEE, ?ac?aaioaia a?aaeaoeey (eeanneoeeaoeey) iaaeinoaoi/iinoe EOAeA n auaeaeaieai o?ao aa noaiaiae. N oeaeueth eniieueciaaiey a oe?ieie eeeie/aneie i?aeoeea ?ac?aaioai i?eaeiaeueiue iiaaiieaei?eiao?e/aneee niinia aeeaaiinoeee e eiee/anoaaiiie ioeaiee iaaeinoaoi/iinoe EOAeA.Aia?aua i?aaenoaaeaia n?aaieoaeueiay oa?aeoa?enoeea iaaeinoaoi/iinoe EOAeA o aieueiuo o?iie/aneei a?iioeoii, a?iioeaeueiie anoiie, neeeeicii e i?e aieaciyo na?aea/ii-ninoaeenoie nenoaiu. Iaaeinoaoi/iinoue EOAeA yaeyaony aeiaieueii ?ani?ino?aiaiiui iaoieiae/aneei ninoiyieai e ioia/aaony a 5 % neo/aaa aeaaea a a?oiiao i?aeoe/anee caei?iauo eeoe (eiio?iea). N?aaee a?oii aieueiuo eaai/iuie caaieaaaieyie iia auyaeyaony a 13 ?ac /aua i?e iiaaiieiieica e o?iie/aneii a?iioeoa, a a a?oiia aieueiuo a?iioeaeueiie anoiie a 19 ?ac /aua (a 95 % neo/aaa). I?e na?aea/ii-ninoaeenouo caaieaaaieyo: iaeaieaa /anoi, i?eia?ii a 16 ?ac (o 80 % aieueiuo) /aua, iia aeeaaiinoe?oaony o aieueiuo aeia?oiie/aneie aieaciueth, o aieueiuo EAN a 79 % e a 80 % — o aieueiuo ?aaiaoeciii. Onoaiiaeaia caaeneiinoue iaaeinoaoi/iinoe EOAeA io ay?i-e aaiiaeeiaieee ea?aeei?anie?aoi?iie nenoaiu. E?eoa?ee IEE /aoei ei??aee?oao n iniiaiuie iieacaoaeyie ooieoeeiiaeueiiai ninoiyiey ea?aeei?anie?aoi?iie nenoaiu, ioia/aaony au?aaeaiiay caaeneiinoue iaaeinoaoi/iinoe EOAeA io noaaeee iaaeinoaoi/iinoe e?iaiia?auaiey e aeuoaiey i?e o?iie/aneeo ianiaoeeoe/aneeo caaieaaaieyo eaaeeo. Yoi oeacuaaao ia aiciiaeiinoue e oeaeaniia?aciinoue eniieueciaaiey IEE a ea/anoaa aeiiieieoaeueiiai eioaa?aoeaiiai e?eoa?ey i?e ioeaiea ooieoeeiiaeueiiai ninoiyiey ea?aeei?anie?aoi?iie nenoaiu. Aeieacaia aiciiaeiinoue ei??aeoeee iaaeinoaoi/iinoe EOAeA. Noaiaiue iaaeinoaoi/iinoe EOAeA i?e o?iie/aneeo ianiaoeeoe/aneeo caaieaaaieyo eaaeeo cia/eoaeueii nieaeaaony iiae aeeyieai ea/aiey, /oi naeaeaoaeuenoaoao ia yooaeoeaiinoe eniieueciaaiey IEE aeey iauaeoeaecaoeee ioeaiee ?acoeueoaoeaiinoe ea/aiey. Eaei?e/aneee iieacaoaeue EOAeA (IEA) e oece/aneay ?aaioiniiniaiinoue iaoiaeyony a oaniie ei??aeyoeeiiiie nayce (r = 0,91) e iaania/eaaao eiee/anoaaiioth ioeaieo iaeneiaeueiie oece/aneie ?aaioiniiniaiinoe (O?) aaciaa?oci/iui iiaaiieaei?eiao?e/aneei niiniaii, ioeaea eioi?iai ia i?aauoaao 7 % a n?aaiaiee n ii?aaeaeaieai O? ii oanoo PWC170. Ii aeaiiui yoiai niiniaa O? aieueiuo iiaaiieiieicii iiae aeeyieai caaieaaaiey nieaeaaony, a n?aaeiai, ia 10 %, ninoaaeyy 800 eai/iei (131 ao), o aieueiuo o?iie/aneei a?iioeoii — ia 15 % e ninoaaeyao 775 eai/iei (127 ao), a o aieueiuo a?iioeaeueiie anoiie — ia 50 % e ninoaaeyao 487 eai/iei (78 ao). O aieueiuo n na?aea/ii-ninoaeenouie caaieaaaieyie iia nieaeaaony ia 32 % a iauae a?oiia aieueiuo, a aa aaee/eia a aaniethoiuo aaee/eiao ninoaaeyao 584 eai/iei (106 ao); i?e aeia?oiie/aneie aieacie, niioaaonoaaiii, ia 16 % e ninoaaeyao 730 eai/iei (119 ao), a i?e ?aaiiea?aeeoa — ia 30 % e ninoaaeyao 626 eai/iei (106 ao). ?ac?aaioaiiue e caueuaiiue o?aiy aaoi?neeie naeaeaoaeuenoaaie ia ecia?aoaiey yeaeo?iiiue iiaaiieaei?eiao? iaania/eaaao i?yiia ii?aaeaeaiea noaiaea?oiuo ?anie?aoi?iuo oaieio?ao ca n/ao i?aia?aciaaiey oaiia?aoo?u e iauaia auaeuoaaiiai aicaeooa a aaee/eio, i?iii?oeeiiaeueioth oaieiniaea?aeaieth auaeuoaaiiai aicaeooa. Iauaaeeiaiea yeaeo?iiiiai iiaaiieaei?eiao?a n ?ac?aaioaiiui aiia?aoii-i?ia?aiiiui eiiieaenii ia aaca ia?niiaeueiiai eiiiuethoa?a aaoiiaoece?oao ana ?an/aoiua iia?aoeee, a oii /enea e ii ii?aaeaeaieth IEE e noaiaie iaaeinoaoi/iinoe EOAeA, iiauoaao oi/iinoue enneaaeiaaiee, nieaeaao o?oaeiaieinoue e cao?aou ?aai/aai a?aiaie n 45 ieioo aei 4 ieioo, nio?aiyao a aeieain?i/iie iaiyoe eiiiuethoa?a iieo/aiiua aeaiiua, /oi i?aa?auaao iiaaiieaei?eiao?eth a yeni?ann-niinia ii?aaeaeaiey iaaeinoaoi/iinoe EOAeA. I?eciaiiay ecia?aoaieai ?aai/ay iiaeaeue aeuoaoaeueiiai aiia?aoa aeey aeaiiino?aoeee iaoaieciia eiiaeeoeeiie?iaaiey aeuoaoaeueiiai aicaeooa, eioi?ay aeeth/aao nenoaiu eieoaoeee eaai/iie aaioeeyoeee e e?iaiia?auaiey, noaaeeecaoeee oaiia?aoo?u oaieiiineoaey e neio?iiecaoeeth eo ooieoeeiie?iaaiey, iaania/eaaao neio?iiecaoeeth eo ooieoeeiie?iaaiey e aeaiiino?aoeeth iaoaieciia eiiaeeoeeiie?iaaiey aaeuoaaiiai aicaeooa e ?ieue a ?acaeoee iaaeinoaoi/iinoe EOAeA ninoiyiey ay?i-e aaiiaeeiaieee aeuoaoaeueiie nenoaiu. Eeth/aaua neiaa: o?iie/aneea ianiaoeeoe/aneea caaieaaaiey eaaeeo, eiiaeeoeeiie?othuay ooieoeey aeuoaoaeueiiai aiia?aoa, aeeaaiinoeea, ei??aeoeey. #14.3.Agarkov S.F. Insufficiency of condition function of respiratory system in cardio-pulmonary diseases (criterions, gradation, diagnostic and correction). The thesis is for a Doctor's degree on the speciality of 14.01.27 - pulmonology. Sechenov Crimean state Research Institute for Physical methods of treatment and Medical Climatology, Yalta, 1997. The scientific work is based on 38 articles and three patents, in which given principles of pneumocalorimeteric quantity estimation of the insufficiency of condition function of respiratory system (CFPS) and it's graduation. Apparatus-program complex was worked up, included an electronic pneumocalorimeter , which was proved by 3 patents and computer program of pneumocalorimeteric review of patients provided automatic definition and the calculation real and proper pneumocalorimeteric parameters of breathing, long term electronic safe, deliver of the conclusion about degree of insufficiency of CFPS in real time scale. The important role of lung's and heart's insufficiency in decreasing conditional facilities respiratory system was determined. High frequency of CFPS in patients with pulmonary diseases (pneumoconiosis of miners, chronic bronchitis, bronchial asthma) and circulation disturbances (ischemic heart disease, reumocarditis and arterial hypertension) was revealed. The effectiveness of devised pneumocalorimeteric method of unload estimation of functional condition of cardiorespiratory system, for estimation of results of treatment and correction of CFPS was proved. Key-words: chronic non-specific lung diseases, condition function of respiratory system, diagnostic, correction.

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