2

IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE

?INOEOOO AEIIII?EI-I?AAIAEO AeINE?AeAEAIUe

OAeE 361.1 + 614.2

OOOIA Ieoaeei Ieoaeeiae/

IAOEIAI-IAOIAeE*I? CANAAeE OI?AAE?IIss

?ANO?NAIE IAAeE*II? AeIIIIIAE ?AA?IIO

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 08.10.01 — ?ici?uaiiy i?iaeoeoeaieo nee ?
?aa?iiaeueia aeiiii?ea

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

AeIIAOeUeE — 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?inoeooo? aeiiii?ei-i?aaiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI
Oe?a?ie (i.Aeiiaoeuee).

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?
O?iaa?i Aaeaioei A?eoi?iae/,

?inoeooo aeiiii?ei-i?aaiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue

IAI Oe?a?ie, canooiiee aee?aeoi?a

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?
I?ieiiaiei Ieeiea Aeieo?iae/, ?inoeooo aeiiii?ee i?iieneiaino?
IAI Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoth/ee a?aeae?eii ?aa?iiaeueii?
aeiiii?ee

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe ?an??a Aieiaeeie? ?aaiiae/,
Oe?a?inueeee ?inoeooo a?iiaaenueeiai caei?ia’y, i.Ee?a,

caa?aeoth/ee a?aeae?eii aeiiii?ee ioi?iie caei?ia’y oa
iaaee/iiai no?aooaaiiy

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — Aeiiaoeueea aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y oi?aae?iiy,
eaoaae?a iaiaaeaeiaioo o iaae?iaie/?e noa??, I?i?noa?noai
ina?oe Oe?a?ie, i. Aeiiaoeuee.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “11” a?oaeiy 1998 ?ieo i 14 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 11.170.01 a ?inoeooo?
aeiiii?ei-i?aaiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 340048,
Aeiiaoeuee, aoe. Oi?aa?neoaonueea, 77.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo
aeiiii?ei-i?aaiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 340048,
Aeiiaoeuee, aoe. Oi?aa?neoaonueea, 77.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 6 ” eenoiiaaea 1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaiie a/aii? ?aaee A?ai?o A.A.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iacaaaeath/e ia na?eici? aeiiii?/i?
oa nioe?aeuei? i?iaeaie, noa?a ioi?iie caei?ia’y i?iaeiaaeo? ae?yoe ye
?aeeia aea?aeaaia nenoaia, caaacia/oth/e iaeneiaeueii iiaeeeaee ??aaiue
iaaeaiiy iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae ianaeaiith. Caa?aaeaiiy aaeoc? ioi?iie
caei?ia’y ye no?eei? nenoaie, yea ae?? ia iaaieo i?aai?caoe?eieo
i?eioeeiao a oiiaao ii?ooaiiy i?aeaaeocaaeo ca’yce?a oa aeiiii?/ii?
ianoaa?eueiino?, iiaeeeaa i?e iiooeao ? ai?iaaaeaeaii? iiaeo oaoiieia?e
? iaoiae?a ae?yeueiino? e?eoaaeueieo caeeaae?a a oiiaao ?icaeoeo
?eieiaeo a?aeiinei.

Iaaeinoaoi?e ianya aneaioaaiue, ui aeae?eythoueny ia ioi?iio caei?ia’y,
iaaaoeaii a?aeaeany ia ?icaeoeo aaeoc?: oiia?eueieeenue oaiie ci?oeiaiiy
? iaiiaeaiiy ?? iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ii? aace, iniauaiiy no/aniei
iaeaaeiaiiyi; caaacia/aiiy iaaeeeaiaioaie, ia?aa’yci/iei iaoa??aeii. O
?acoeueoao? oeueiai cieceeanue aoaeoeai?noue iaaee/iiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy ?
iia??oeany noai caei?ia’y ianaeaiiy.

Ci?ie o caei?ia’?, e??i ?ioeo iieaciee?a, a?oioothoueny ia aeae?eueeio
ooiaeaiaioaeueieo aniaeoao ioe?iee caei?ia’y: nia?oi?noue,
ia?iaeaeoaai?noue, o?eaae?noue aeeooy oa eiai ye?niee ??aaiue.
Nei?i/aiiy o?eaaeino? aeeooy ethaeae caaaea? nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo
caeoe?a aeiiii?oe? ?aa?iio.

Ii/eiath/e c 1991 ?ieo, ii onueiio ?aa?iio Aeiiaano a?aecia/a?oueny
iaaaoeaiee i?e??no ianaeaiiy. I?e?iaei? ao?aoe ethaeae eaoano?io?/ii
c?inoathoue, a a 1997 ?ioe? aeinyaee aeecueei 50 oeny/ /ieia?e. C?inea
aaaeeea?noue aeiiii?/iiai aiae?co aaciiai?ioieo ao?ao /a?ac
iaae??caeaoi?noue i?aoethth/eo o ainiiaea?nueeiio iioaioe?ae?
noni?euenoaa. O?eueee aeiiii?/ia ?icoi?iiy ? ciaiiy neooaoe?? c aieo
o?yaeo, ?aa?iiaeueieo ? i?noeaaeo i?aai?a oi?aae?iiy aeicaieeoue aaeeoe
iaiao?aei? ?aaeeeaeuei? caoiaee.

Caaaeath/e ia aeiaaeuei? i?iaeaie aeeooy ? nia?o? iaiiaeia ana ae
caaoaaoe i?i ao?aoe, iia’ycai? c oei/aniaith ao?aoith i?aoeacaeaoiino?
oa ?iaae?aei?noth. Ia aeoieo ?yaeo niaoe?ae?no?a o?eueee ae?iaie/ee
o?aaiaoeci caae?a? 2-6% caaaeueiiai athaeaeaoo iaeano?.

Ea??aieee aaeoc? ioi?iie caei?ia’y iino?eii ooeathoue oi?ie iie?ioaiiy
iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae ianaeaiith. Ia nueiaiaei? ?niothoue iaai? iaoiaee,
ye? aeicaieythoue aeieaoe neaaeino? ?nioth/i? nenoaie oi?aae?iiy,
caa??aath/e o oie aea /an ?? neeuei? aiee. Ia aeaeue, aei iniiaieo
iaaeie?e?a noa?i? nenoaie — caeeoeiaee i?eioeei o?iainoaaiiy,
aaei?i?no?aoeaii-eiiaiaeiee iaoiae oi?aae?iiy, iaaoaeoeai?noue
aeei?enoaiiy iayaieo ?ano?n?a, iecueea ye?noue iaaee/iiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy
— aeiaeaeenue iia?: iaaeinoaoi?noue athaeaeaoieo aneaioaaiue, aeiooaia
ciaioaiiy e?eueeino?

eieie oa eaae??a, iano?ee?noue ?eieo iaaee/ieo iineoa, aeaci?aai?caoe?y
oi?aae?iiy oa ?i. A uia io?eiaoe aenieee ??aaiue ?icaeoeo aoaeue-yei?
nenoaie ?? ne?ae i?aai?ciaoaaoe ia aac? aeiiii?/ieo ciaiue.

?acii c oei, iiaaii aea/ai? ieoaiiy aeiiii?/iiai oiiaeo caei?ia’y,
ca’ycie oaeeo eaoaai??e ye caei?ia’y oa aeiiii?/iee iioaioe?ae ?aa?iio,
aoaeoeai?noue oi?aae?iiy aaeoccth ioi?iie caei?ia’y a oiiaao
?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? ainiiaea?nueeeo oa aoa?eueieo eiiieaen?a iaoiai
?aa?iio.

Oiio ? aeooaeueieie aeine?aeaeaiiy uiaei ioe?iee nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii?
cia/ouino? caei?ia’y, o/ano? ioi?iie caei?ia’y o ia?aoai?aiiyo, ui
a?aeaoaathoueny a e?a?i? oa oeyo?a oi?ioaaiiy ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei o
aaeoc? o?iainiaiai iaiaaeaeiaioo.

Cacia/ai? ianoaaeie aecia/eee aea?? ?iaioe, ?? oe?eue oa caaaeaiiy.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie ieaiaie ? oaiaie. Eiiieaen aeine?aeaeaiue
aeaii? aeena?oaoe?? aeeiioaaany o a?aeiia?aeiino? aei oaiaoeee ?inoeoooo
aeiiii?ei-i?aaiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie: 3.12.10.9
“Aeiiii?ei-i?aaiaa caaacia/aiiy oi?aae?iiy ?icaeoeii aaeeeiai ?aa?iio”.
Iaoa??aee aeine?aeaeaiiy aeei?enoai? i?e ?ic?iaeaii? oe??? oaie.
I?ioieie iinoaiiae Ath?i A?aeae?eaiiy aeiiii?ee IAI Oe?a?ie a?ae
07.05.97 ?ieo.

Iaoa oa caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ?
ocaaaeueiaiiy iiaeo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ?ic?iaeaiiy iaoiaee/ieo oa
i?aeoe/ieo iieiaeaiue a oi?aae?ii? oa caaacia/aii? aeiiii?/ii?
aoaeoeaiino? ioi?iie caei?ia’y aeeoo?aiai oeeeeo ethaeae a oiiaao
ia?aoiaeo aei ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee. Aeey ?aae?caoe?? oe??? iaoe aoei
iinoaaeaii ? ae??oaii oae? caaaeaiiy:

aeine?aeaeaii iniaeeaino? oi?ioaaiiy ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei o nenoai?
ioi?iie caei?ia’y;

aeine?aeaeaii aeaiia?ao?/i? ci?ie ? aeeiai?eo c?inoaiiy nia?oiino?,
caoai?thaaiino? c oei/aniaith ao?aoith i?aoeacaeaoiino? oa ?iaae?aeiino?
ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie, Aeiiaoeueeiai ?aa?iio, ?yaeo ?aeii?a iaeano?;

iaa?oioiaaii no/aniee noai aeyaeaieo ci?i o ii??aiyii? c ?yaeii e?a?i
na?oo;

?ic?iaeaii iaoiaee oi?ioaaiiy iio?aa a iniiaieo ?ano?nao, eieeao ?
eaae?ao;

?ic?iaeaii ? iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaii ?aoe?iiaeueia aeei?enoaiiy
aea?aeaaiiai ? i?noeaaiai athaeaeao?a;

aeeiiaii aiae?c noaio iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ii? aace ioi?iie caei?ia’y
iaeano? e iaa?oioiaaii iaiao?aei?noue ?? ?ioaineaiiai iiiaeaiiy;

cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiaee iiiaeaiiy iaaee/ii? oaoi?ee aeey iioeiaeueiiai
oa?i?io neoaeae a oiiaao iaiaaeaiiai athaeaeaoo;

?ic?iaeaia ioe?iea aoaeoeaii? ae?yeueiino? ioi?iie caei?ia’y ?aa?iio;

i?iaaaeaii aiae?c oeyo?a i?i?i?caoe?? aeo?ao ia i?aai?caoe?th ioi?iie
caei?ia’y ?aa?iio;

aeyaeaii iniiai? i?e/eie ?icaeoeo o?iueiai? aeiiii?ee a aaeoc? ioi?iie
caei?ia’y;

cai?iiiiiaaii eiioeaioe?th ?ic?aooieo oe?i ia iaaee/i? iineoae a
iie?ee?i?eao oa noaoe?iia?ao aea?aeaaieo e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/ieo
caeeaae?a;

?ic?iaeaii iaoiae iaa?oiooaaiiy aeo?ao i?e i?aai?caoe?? ieaoieo iineoa;

aeyaeaii ?aca?ae oa aeiaeaoeia? aeaea?aea o?iainoaaiiy.

I?aaeiao ? ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy. I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ?
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i? oa i?aai?caoe?ei? i?ioeane i?e ae??oaii? ieoaiue
caaacia/aiiy ianaeaiiy ?aa?iio aaeaeaaoiei ??aiai ioi?iie caei?ia’y a
?eieiaeo oiiaao o ca’yceo c iia??oaiiyi aeeooy oa oiia i?aoe? ianaeaiiy,
ia?inoaiiyi ineoieia?/ieo no?an?a, nei?i/aiiyi ?ano?n?a aaeoc?.

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy aea?aii i?iaeaio i?aai?caoe?? iaaee/ii?
aeiiiiiae a i?noao oa n?euenueeeo ?aeiiao o ainiiaea?nueeiio eiiieaen?
Aeiiaoeueei? iaeano?.

Oai?aoe/ia oa iaoiaeieia?/ia iniiaa aeine?aeaeaiiy. Oai?aoe/iith ?
iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith ? caeiiiaeaa/? aeoe oa ii?iaoeaii-iaoiaee/i?
aeieoiaioe, niaaeueia na?oiai? aeiiii?/ii? iaoee, a oaeiae no/ani?
i?aoe? oe?a?inueeeo, ca?oa?aeieo a/aieo-aeiiii?no?a oa a/aieo-iaaeee?a;
iaoa??aee iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ieo ? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?e,
nai?ia??a oa c’?cae?a.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy aacoaaeenue ia iniia? nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo c
aeei?enoaiiyi ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ? iaoiaee/ieo i?aeoiae?a a/aieo oa
i?aeoe/ieo i?aoe?aiee?a. A??ia?aei?noue ? iaa?oioiaai?noue
aeine?aeaeaiue oa io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a caaacia/oaaeenue iaoiaeii
nenoaiiiai aai aeiiii?/iiai aiae?co, iaoaiaoe/ii? noaoenoeee, aenia?oieo
ioe?iie.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iniiai? iia? ?acoeueoaoe, io?eiai?
aaoi?ii iniaenoi, ye? iathoue iaoeiaa cia/aiiy:

?ic?iaeaii aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue oi?ioaaiiy iniiaieo ?ano?n?a
ioi?iie caei?ia’y (eieie, eaae??a, iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/iiai
caaacia/aiiy);

?ic?iaeaii ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii i?i?i?caoe?? aea?aeaaieo aeo?ao ia
i?aai?caoe?th iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae ?aa?iio a oiiaao iaiaaeaiiai
athaeaeaoo;

aeine?aeaeaii ?ieue ? i?noea o?iueiai? aeiiii?ee a ioi?ii? caei?ia’y oa
aeaye? oeyoe ai?ioueae c iath;

cai?iiiiiaaii aea?? iaoiae?a ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? ae?yeueiino?
e?eoaaeueieo caeeaae?a ?aa?iio;

?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeieia?/i? iieiaeaiiy o?iainiaiai iaiaaeaeiaioo a aaeoc?
ioi?iie caei?ia’y a oiiaao ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei;

?aeiiaiaeiaaii aeiiii?/ii iaa?oioiaaia oi?ioaaiiy oe?i ia iaaee/i?
iineoae a aea?aeathaeaeaoieo e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/ieo caeeaaeao;

cai?iiiiiaai? iiaeae?, aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/i? ?ic?aooiee aeicaieythoue
ea??aieeai ??cieo ??ai?a oi?aae?iiy ioi?iiith caei?ia’y canoinoaaoe
iaea?eueo i?ia?aneai? oi?ie i?aai?caoe?? iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae ianaeaiith;

cai?iiiiiaai? iiaeae? i?aai?caoe?? e?eoaaeueii? ae?yeueiino?, ye?
iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? o aoaeue-yeeo oiiaao aeiiii?/ii? ae?yeueiino?
caeeaaeo (iiaia aea?aeaaia o?iainoaaiiy, /anoeiaa, a oiiaao no?aoiai?
iaaeeoeeie);

iaoiaee/i? ?ic?iaee aeicaieythoue oaeiae ia’?eoeaii ioe?ieoe aea?aio
no?aoaa?th oi?aae?iiy ia aoaeue-yeiio i?ii?aeeo /ano.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe. I?aeoe/ia cia/ou?noue ?iaioe iieyaa? o oiio,
ui ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy, ye? ioi?ieai? o aeaeyae? i?iiiceoe?e,
iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e, iaoeiaeo aeiiia?aeae, aeei?enoiaothoueny a
oe?eiio ?yae? i?no ? ?aeii?a iaeano? i?e ieaioaaii? ?ano?n?a ? ioe?ioe?
aoaeoeaiino? ?iaioe e?eoaaeueieo caeeaae?a oeeo ?aa?ii?a. Ie?ai?
?icae?ee aeena?oaoe?? aeei?enoiaoaaeenue o iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean?
nooaeaio?a ? eo?naio?a-iaaeee?a Aeiiaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. Ai?ueeiai.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe oa ?aae?caoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iniiai?
iieiaeaiiy ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeenue ? iaaiai?thaaeenue ia can?aeaiiyo
Einoyioei?anueei?, Iiaiacianueei? oa Aia?in??anueei? ?aeiiieo
aea?aeaaei?i?no?aoe?e, a oaeiae ia can?aeaiiyo aaei?i?no?aoe?e i?no
Einoyioei?aee, Neia’yinueea Aeiiaoeueei? iaeano?, eoaee aoei cai?ioaii
an?o i?aoe?aiee?a ieaiiai-aeiiii?/ieo a?aeae?e?a, aooaaeoa??e, iino?eieo
eii?n?e ii ioi?ii? caei?ia’y. Iaoa??aee noaaeaii ? ?aeiiaiaeiaaii aei
i?aeoe/iiai aeei?enoaiiy.

?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeenue ia ??? c’?cae? nioe?aeueieo
a?a??i?no?a ? i?aai?caoi??a ioi?iie caei?ia’y Oe?a?ie a i.Iaean? (4-6
eeiiy 1997 ?.). Aeniiaee ? i?iiiceoe?? aeciaii ? noaaeaii ia c’?cae?.

Ie?ai? iieiaeaiiy iaaiai?thaaeenue ia can?aeaii? a/aii? ?aaee ?inoeoooo
aeiiii?ei-i?aaiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie, a oaeiae ia iaoeiaeo
nai?ia?ao Aeiiaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca?aeii c ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiiy iioae?eiaaii 12
ae?oeiaaieo i?aoeue caaaeueiei ianyaii 18,36 ae. a., c ieo aaoi?ia?
iaeaaeeoue 12,56 ae. a.

Ianya oa no?oeoo?a ?iaioe. Ianya iniiaiiai oaenoo — 178 iaoeiiienieo
noi??iie, iaaaaeaii 18 ?enoie?a, 38 oaaeeoeue, 5 aeiaeaoe?a. Nienie
e?oa?aoo?e — ?c 152 iaeiaioaaiue. ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, o?ueio
?icae?e?a, aeniiaeo, nieneo aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e e aeiaeaoe?a.

Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe??

?icae?e 1. “Oai?aoe/i? iniiae aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeai i?aai?caoe??
oi?aae?iiy aeiiii?eith ioi?iie caei?ia’y ?aa?iio”. Ii?iae?caoe?y
aeiiii?ee aoaeue-yeiai ?aa?iio iaiiaeeeaa aac ?icoiii? i?aai?caoe??
ioi?iie caei?ia’y no?oeoo?iiai, aeiiii?/iiai, th?eaee/iiai, eaae?iaiai
oa?aeoa?o. O oie aea /an aecia/aiiy i?noey ? ?ie? ioi?iie caei?ia’y a
ainiiaea?nueeiio eiiieaen? ?aa?iio iaiiaeeeai aac aiae?co aeiiii?/iiai
noaio aea?aeaae, aeeoo?aiai ??aiy ethaeae ia no/aniiio noai? a
ii??aiyii? c ?yaeii e?a?i NIAe oa ca?oa?aeaey. Oi?ioaaiiy ??cieo nenoai
oi?aae?iiy aaeoccth ioi?iie caei?ia’y oa ?o ?icaeoie o ??cieo e?a?iao
caeaaeeoue a?ae aeioiae?a ianaeaiiy, aeo?ao ia e?eoaaiiy oa i?io?eaeoeeo
oai?ia, aea?aeaaii? iie?oeee uiaei noaio caei?ia’y.

Aa?oiaiith ?aaeith Oe?a?ie ia 1998 ??e aeae?eaii 704 iei. a?i. ia
ioi?iio caei?ia’y, ui noaiiaeoue eeoa 27% a?ae ?aaeueii iaiao?aeii? noie
aeo?ao ia iueiai, aai aeecueei 63 a?i. ia iaeiiai iaoeaioey e?a?ie.
Oaeee aea ??aaiue aeo?ao ia ioi?iio caei?ia’y aeanoeaee neaai?icaeiooei
e?a?iai oaeei, ye Aaiaeaaeao, ?iae?y, Iaeenoai, a?eueo?noue e?a?i
Ao?eee. ? oaea iiceoe?y aea?aeaae i?ecaaea aei iaaaoeaieo iane?aee?a
uiaei caei?ia’y noni?euenoaa o ia?iaeiiainiiaea?nueeiio ianooaa?,
oiia?eueiaiiy aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo e?a?ie. A Oe?a?i? iiee ua ?nio?
aea?aeaaia nenoaia ioi?iie caei?ia’y c iaaeinoaoi?i o?iainoaaiiyi, o
noaae?? ?iciaaeo oa iecueeith ye?noth iaaee/iiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy.

Ia?ao?ae aei ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee aac aeiiii?/iiai ?aoi?ioaaiiy ?
ieaioaaiiy i?eca?a aei oiai, ui aaeocue ao?aoeea iio??aio no?ee?noue ?
oaeoe/ii ?oeio?oueny.

O ca’yceo c oeei aeieea? ona?aeiieaia iaiao?aei?noue aeei?enoaiiy ??cieo
niinia?a caa?aaeaiiy caei?ia’y, a?aeiia?aeaeueiiai noaaeaiiy aei iueiai.

O?iainoaaiiy aeo?ao e?eoaaeueieo caeeaae?a ?c athaeaeaoo aea?aeaae, yea
ciaioo?oueny ??e o ??e, coiiaeei iaiao?aei?noue aeooeoaaiiy ieie
iicaathaeaeaoieo aeaea?ae aeey caa?aaeaiiy caeaoiino? iaaeaaaoe iaaee/io
aeiiiiiao o iiaiiio ianyc?.

Ia nueiaiaei? iiaeia aeae?eeoe 3 iniiaieo aeaea?aea iicaathaeaeaoiiai
o?iainoaaiiy: aaaaeaiiy ieaoe ia ?yae iaaee/ieo iineoa aai /anoeiaa
eiiiainaoe?y ?o aa?oino?; iaoeaiaonoai, aeia?i/eii? aianee a?iiaaeyi oa
i?aai?caoe?e, a?ae?aooaaiiy c oiiae?a ieeina?aey, no?aoiaeo eiiiai?e,
aoiai?oa?ia aeiiiiiaa ?ioeo e?a?i; caeo/aiiy eioo?a ca ?aooiie
iaaeanoeai? e?eoaaeueiei caeeaaeai ae?yeueiino? (i?aeniaia ainiiaea?noai
? oeaoe, caeaaaiiy a i?aiaeo ieiu?, yea ia aeei?enoiao?oueny, iaaee/iiai
? iaiaaee/iiai iaeaaeiaiiy, eiia?oe?eia ae?yeuei?noue oa ?i.).

Ieaoa ca iaaio /anoeio iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae ia icia/a? ?ooo iacaae,
ao?aoo o?aaeeoe?e. Iayai?noue aa?aioiaaiiai aea?aeaaiiai i?i?ioio
iaaee/ieo iineoa ia?aaeaa/a? ?nioaaiiy aeiaeaoeiaiai aeaea?aea
o?iainoaaiiy, aac yeiai iiaea aeieeiooe ieoaiiy ia o?eueee i?i
caa?aaeaiiy, aea e i?i aeaeeaaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii? nenoaie ioi?iie
caei?ia’y. *e oei/aniaee oea cao?ae ? ye? eiai /ania? ia?aiao?e — ia oea
caieoaiiy aeanoue a?aeiia?aeue aeeooy, aeiiii?/i? iiaeeeaino? aea?aeaae,
?? iie?oeea uiaei caei?ia’y ianaeaiiy. O anyeiio ?ac? oea iiaea aooe
aoaiii ia?aoiaeo aei no?aoiai? iaaeeoeeie ? aeicaieeoue iaoa??aeueii ?
ii?aeueii i?aeaiooaaoe aeiiii?/io aaco ioi?iie caei?ia’y.

I?iaeaie ioi?iie caei?ia’y, ii?iaeaeai? ?eieiaith aeiiii?eith,
i?eaa?ioee oaaao ia o?eueee aei ieoaiue o?iainoaaiiy, a e aei
i?aai?caoe?? ?eieo ioi?iie caei?ia’y. ?eieo, yeee iiaeiai caaacia/eoe
aeeiiaiiy aeaio aca?iiiia’ycaieo caaaeaiue. Ii-ia?oa, noai?eoe neeuei?
noeioee o?oaeiai? ? ainiiaea?nueei? aeoeaiino?. Ii-ae?oaa, ea?aeeiaeueii
iie?ioeoe ae?yeuei?noue ioi?iie caei?ia’y ia iniia? i?eaianaiiy
aeaiaio?a naii?aaoeyoe??. Oea ?aaeueii iiaa aeaea?aei a?ioiaeo aeioiae?a
a iaaeao aea?aeathaeaeaoo.

Ca?aeii c ianooaaaie aeei?enoaiiy ?ano?n?a, aaeocue ioi?iie caei?ia’y
noi?ioaaea aca?iicaeaaei? aeaee iaaee/ieo ?eie?a, a ia ia?niaeoeao
?icaeoeo caeeoeea ?eiie no?aoiaeo aiane?a (noaia 1).

?eiie iaaee/ieo iineoa

?eiie iaaeeeaiaio?a

Iaaee/i? ?eiee ?eiie i?aoe? iaaee/ieo i?aoe?aiee?a

?eiie iaoeiai-iaaee/ieo ?ic?iaie

?eiie iaaee/iiai iaeaaeiaiiy ?
oaoi?ee

?eiie no?aoiaeo aiane?a

Noaia 1. Aeaee iaaee/ieo ?eie?a

Aeey caaacia/aiiy iio?aa ?eieo ? eiie?aoii? caeaoiino? iaaeaiiy ??cieo
aeae?a iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae iaiao?aeii aecia/eoe oiaa? iaaee/iiai ?eieo,
oi/ ie cia?ii ? ?icoi??ii, ui caei?ia’yi iaiiaeia oi?aoaaoe. Oiaa?
iaaee/iiai ?eieo — iaaee/ia iineoaa.

Iaaee/ia iineoaa — oea i?iaeoeo i?aoe? ia?niiaea uiaei caaeiaieaiiy
ianouieo iio?aa iaoe??io?a ii a?aeiiaeaiith ? i?aeo?eioe? caei?ia’y.

Iaaee/ia iineoaa, ia a?aei?io a?ae caaaeueiii?eeiyoiai iiiyooy,
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny: iaa?ae/ooi?noth ? iaiaoa??aeuei?noth; ia
i?aeaea?oueny caa??aaiith ? o?ainii?ooaaiith; ia?nii?o?eiaaia —
iaa?aeae?eueia a?ae ae?iaieea iineoae c i?ieea?noth yeino? iineoae
iaa?oue ca oiia iaeiiai aeeiiaaoey.

Iaaee/ia iineoaa, ye aoaeue-yeee oiaa?, iiaeiia iaoe iiieo ?
aeio?eioaaoenue i?eioeei?a ?eieo (noaia 2).

aca?iiaea?aei?noue

Iniiai? i?eioeeie iiea/oaai?noue

aea?aaeaioi?noue

aeinooii?noue

Noaia 2. I?eioeeie ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?eieo

Oaeoi?aie iiieoo iaaee/ieo iineoa aenooiathoue: ??aaiue aeioiae?a
ianaeaiiy; no?oeoo?a ianaeaiiy; aeieia?/ia ianoaiiaea; iiaea oa
oiiaeiaaiiy ianaeaiiy; aoi?/i? iniaeeaino? ianaeaiiy; noeioethaaiiy
iiieoo niaoe?aeueieie ae?yie.

Ieaoa ca iineoae — oea ieaoa, yea cae?enith?oueny niiaeeaa/ai ca
io?eiai? eiie?aoi? iaaee/i? iineoae. Oaeei /eiii i?aeo?eio?oueny
aea?aeaaia nenoaia ioi?iie caei?ia’y ? ciaioo?oueny caeaaei?noue
iaaee/ieo caeeaae?a a?ae ianyao athaeaeaoieo aneaioaaiue.

Ia?ao?ae ia’?eo?a ioi?iie caei?ia’y ia ?eieia? oiiae i?aoe? oa
o?iainoaaiiy noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny ?icaeoeii ? inai?iiyi iiaeo
i?aai?caoe?eii-i?aaiaeo oi?i oi?aae?iiy ia iniia? ia?eaoeiaiaeo
aeine?aeaeaiue.

Aia?eeainueea iaaee/ia anioe?aoe?y aecia/a? ia?eaoeia ye “Eiiieaeniee
i?ioean ieaioaaiiy, aeiiii?/iiai iaa?oiooaaiiy ? oi?aae?iiy iaaeaiiyi
iineoa ioi?iie caei?ia’y, oe?iiaith iie?oeeith a aaeoc?
e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/iiai i?ioeano, i?inoaaiiyi iineoa (oiaa??a
iaaee/iiai i?ecia/aiiy) aei niiaeeaa/?a, a oaeiae i?ioeanii ?o
?aae?caoe??”.

Caaaeaiiyi ieaioaaiiy ? aeinyaiaiiy caaeainiaaiino? i?ae ??cieie aeaeaie
?ano?n?a ? iio?aaith a ieo. ?o a?aeiia?aei?noue iiaeeeainoyi
o?iainoaaiiy ioi?iie caei?ia’y c ??cieo aeaea?ae. Ieaioaaiiy ia ?
naiioe?eeth aeey iaaee/iiai caeeaaeo ? ioi?iie caei?ia’y ?aa?iio, a
aenooia? ye can?a ae??oaiiy ?yaeo caaaeaiue aaeoc?.

O iaoeia?e e?oa?aoo?? i?iiiio?oueny aaaaoi iaoiae?a ieaioaaiiy o?oaeiaeo
?ano?n?a (eieee, eaae?e ? o.ae.). Aeioe?eueii aeae?eeoe o?e iniiai?
iiceoe?? o caeaaeiino? a?ae i?aeoiae?a aei ae??oaiiy oeueiai ieoaiiy:

iioeiaeueii-?ic?aooieiaee i?aeo?ae aei ieaioaaiiy ?ano?n?a;

athaeaeaoii-o?iainiaee i?aeo?ae aei ieaioaaiiy ?ano?n?a (aaeainiaee);

nenoaiii-aeiiii?/ia iaa?oioiaaia ieaioaaiiy.

I?e oi?ioaaii? ia?aae? e?eoaaeueieo caeeaae?a (?aoe?iiaeueiei
?iciiae?eii o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a) aeei?enoiaothoueny an? ia?ae?/ai?
iaoiaee, aea a ??cieo ianyaao.

Ine?eueee aaceniei e?eoa???i ieaioaaiiy ?ano?n?a noaoe?iia?ii? iaaee/ii?
aeiiiiiae ? aecia/aiiy eieeiaiai oiiaeo, a ?aooa eiiiiiaio?a (o o./.
eaae?e) caeaaei? ? aoi?eii?, a ?ioeo ?icae?eao iiaa eoeia, ia?o ca ana,
i?i ieaioaaiiy e?eueeino? eieie.

Iioeiaeueii-?ic?aooieiaee i?aeo?ae ia?aaeaa/a? aeei?enoaiiy ii?iaoeaieo
iieaciee?a aeey ieaioaaiiy ?ano?n?a. Iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo aeeeaaeaia a
aeena?oaoe??.

Athaeaeaoii-o?iainiaee i?aeo?ae ia?aaeaa/a?, ia?o ca ana, iayai?noue
noi ? ni?aaaaeeeaee ?iciiae?e athaeaeaoo cai?e aei EIC.

Nenoaiii-aeiiii?/ia iaa?oioiaaia ieaioaaiiy ia o?eueee onoaa?
aeeni?iii?oe?? a ?ici?uaii? iniiaieo oiiae?a (eieie, eaae??a,
iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/iiai iniauaiiy), a e ni?ey? iie?ioaiith e?eoaaeueii?
?iaioe. Oaeee aa??aio ?ic?aooie?a ? i?aai?caoe?? ?iaioe iieacaii ia
i?eeeaae? ?iaioe o??o?a?/iiai a?aeae?eaiiy Aeiiaoeueeiai iaeaniiai
e?eoaaeueii-ee?i?/iiai ia’?aeiaiiy a 1996 ?ioe?. A iniia? ?ic?aooie?a
eaaeeoue iaoiaeeea aecia/aiiy a?aeiinii? aa?oino? iaei??? aiaeeie ?iaioe
o??o?aa, i?eeiyoi? ca iaeeieoeth.

Aiae?c iieacaa, ui i?e caa?aaeaii? ?nioth/iai ianyao ?iaioe ca ?aooiie
?aoe?iiaeueiiai aeei?enoaiiy i?aoe? an?o eaiie e?eoaaeueiiai i?ioeano,
iaiao?aeii ciaioeoe e?euee?noue eieie ? eaae??a. Iaaaaeaii ii??aiyeueio
oaaeeoeth ooaoiiai ?iceeaaeo: oaeoe/io ? ?ic?aooieiao (oaae.1).

Oaea a?aeae?eaiiy ia eeoa ciaioo? aa?o?noue iaaee/ii? iineoae, aea e ca
naieie i?eaeecieie i?ae?aooieaie iiaea i?eianoe aeiiii?th aeecueei 88
oen. a?i. ia ??e.

Iniaenoa a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue ea??aieea ca aoaeoeaio ae?yeuei?noue
e?eoaaeueiiai caeeaaeo aeicaiey? eiio iae?aoe aoaeue-yeee i?aeo?ae i?e
ieaioaaii? ?iaioe.

C oi/ee ci?o iiaeeeainoae ciaioaiiy e?eueeino? no/anieo i?iaeai
iaaeeei-nioe?aeueii? aeiiiiiae aeeeeea? ?ioa?an aeiiii?/iee aiae?c ao?ao
?aa?iio i?e iia??oaii? caei?ia’y ianaeaiiy.

Oaaeeoey 1. Ii??aiyiiy oaeoe/iiai ? ?ic?aooieiaiai ia?niiaeo

o??o?a?/iiai a?aeae?eaiiy

E?euee?noue
iinaaeIinaaeaIeaiiaiioO?aaioiiioOnueiaiOaeo.?ic?ao.Oaeo.?ic?ao.Oaeo.?ic?
ao.

Caa.a?aeae?eaiiyi

1

1

1

1

E?ea??

6.0

3.0

3.5

3.5

9.5

6.5

Iaaenano?e

17.5

12.0

4.5

4.5

22.0

15.0

Iieiaeoee

iaae.ia?niiae

19.015.0—

Onueiai

43.5

31.0

8.0

8.0

51.5

39.0

?icae?e 2. “Aeiiii?/ia ioe?iea aoaeoeaiino? oi?aae?iiy ioi?iiith
caei?ia’y ?aa?iio”. Aoaeoeai?noue aeo?ao ia ioi?iio caei?ia’y
ioe?ith?oueny iieacieeaie caei?ia’y ianaeaiiy. Ia?aaeon?i o?eaae?noth
aeeooy, ??aiai caoai?thaaiino?, ?iaae?aeecaoe??th.

Aeey aecia/aiiy aeiiii?/iiai oyaa?y nia?o? o na?oia?e i?aeoeoe?
aeei?enoiaothoue iiiyooy “??e aeeooy” c iii?aaeith ia
iai?aoeacaeaoi?noue. Aiae?enueea aa?aa?aoo?a oeueiai oa?i?io DALY —
iieaciee, yeee niieo/a? ?iee aeeooy, ao?a/ai? /a?ac caoai?thaai?noue oa
?iee aeeooy, ao?a/ai? o ?acoeueoao? ?aiiuei? nia?o?. Niinoa??aa?oueny
cia/iee ?iceeae ao?ao DALY ii ie?aiei ?aa?iiai. I?e/eie aeey aaaaoueio
e?a?i ??ci? (aeea. ?en. 1).

Ca?aeii ?en.1 iniiaiee ?iceeae ao?ao caeaaeeoue a?ae ia?aae/anii?
nia?o?, a oie aea /an ??aaiue ao?ao, iia’ycaieo c ao?aoith
i?aoeacaeaoiino?, a?eueo noaa?eueiee. 66% caaaeueii? e?eueeino?
ao?a/aieo iaeeieoeue DALY i?eiaaea? ia ia?aae/anio nia?oue, a 34% — ia
iai?aoeacaeaoi?noue.

Ne?ae cacia/eoe, ui ioe?iea aeeooy a DALY ia io?eiaea oe?ieiai
?iciianthaeaeaiiy. Cie?aia, aiia ia i?eeiyoa noaoenoeeith Oe?a?ie.
?aaeuei?noue na?ae/eoue, ui ieoaiiy aa?oino? aeeooy ioe?ith?oueny
ii-??ciiio.

?nio? aeae?eueea i?aeoiae?a aei ioe?iee aeeooy ethaeeie. Iaeei c ieo:
?ic?aooiie ethaenueeiai eai?oaeo. Oea iaenoa??oee ? iaei?ino?oee
niin?a, yeee aeei?enoiao?oueny o noaoenoe/i?e i?aeoeoe?. A?i ii??aith?
aa?o?noue aeeooy ethaeeie c aa?o?noth iaeaooi?o ao?ao ae?iaieoeoaa.

?ioee i?aeo?ae a?oioo?oueny ia nioe?aeueieo oa aoe/ieo oe?iiinoyo
aeeooy, iicia/aieo /a?ac i/aaeaei? aaaeaiiy ianaeaiiy a ieoaii?
ca?eueoaiiy o?eaaeino? aeeooy. Oeae i?aeo?ae aei ioe?iee aeeooy c
iiceoe?? aioiaiino? iioaioe?eieo aea?oa niea/oaaoe iiaeaoee ca i?ia?aie,
ye? nei?i/othoue ?ecee nia?o?. Eia?eo i?aeoiaeo ?ic’ynith? Aeaeioic-E?.
A?i aaaaea?, ui ?eieia? a?aeiineie “aeiaaathoue ?ic?iaee iaoai?cio
aeyaeaiiy aeaieo i?i noie, ye? caoe?eaaeai? iniae caiaei? aoaeooue
ieaoeoe ca ci?io ??aiy iaaeaaa?ieo oiaa??a, i?i ye? ?eieiaa ?ioi?iaoe?y
a?aenooiy”. Iaaaaeaii aeaye? aeai?, io?eiai? ca?aeii c oe??th
iaoiaeeeith.

E?euee?noue DALY, ao?a/aieo ia 1000 /ieia?e

600 Ia?aae/ania nia?oue500
Iai?aoeacaeaoi?noue4003002001000Ao?eea ia i?aaeaiue a?ae

Naoa?e?iae?yAeecueeee No?ae oa I?ai?/ia Ao?eeaE?a?ie Ac?? oa ino??ai?
aea?aeaaeEaoeinueea Aia?eea ? Ea?eanueeee aanaeiEeoaeEieeoi?
nioe?ae?noe/i? e?a?ieE?a?ie c ?icaeiooiai ?eieiaith aeiiii?eith

?en.1. Ao?aoe, iia’ycai? c ia?aae/aniith nia?oi?noth ?
iai?aoeacaeaoi?noth (ca aeaieie I?aeia?iaeiiai Aaieo

?aeiino?oeoe?? ? ?icaeoeo. Aaoeiaoii)

Oi/ iaoiae aiae?co aa?oino? aeeooy ia iniia? ?ic?aooie?a aioiaiino?
ieaoeoe oe?iei i?aeo?eio?oueny ? aeei?enoiao?oueny aaaaoueia
aeiiii?noaie ?icaeiooeo e?a?i, a?i ia??aeei cacia? e?eoeee. Nooue ?o o
oiio, ui aiae?c i?iaiaeeoueny ca oiiaii ia?aiei ?eceeii: oiiaiino?
aeinoia??iino? aeaieo oa iacaaeiaieaiiyi oei, ui iioa?i?eee, yeui
nia?oue iia’ycaia c cacia/aiei ?eceeii, ia iiaea io?eiaoe eiiiainaoe?th
ca niea/ai? iiaeaoee.

I?iaaaeaii aeaniee ?ic?aooiie aa?oino? aeeooy i?aoethth/iai ianaeaiiy
ii aeo?aoai ia ae?iaieoeoai i?iaeoeoe?? (oaae. 2).

Oaaeeoey 2. Aeo?aoe ia ae?iaieoeoai i?iaeoeoe?? (?ia?o, iineoa)
i?aei?e?inoa ? i?aai?caoe?e Aeiiaoeueei? iaeano? oa aa?o?noue
i?iaeoeoe?? iaeiiai i?aoethth/iai ia ??e

Iaeiaioaaiiy

1994 ??e

1995 ??e

1996 ??eAeo?aoe ii eieo i?aei?e?inoa, ye? a?aoiaothoueny, iei.a?i.

28234.0

15321.7

18890.9Na?aaeiueinieneiaa /enaeuei?noue ?ia?oiee?a

(oeny/ /ieia?e)

1943.4

1847.4

1719.3Aa?o?noue i?iaeoeoe??, ae?iaeaii? iaeiei i?aoethth/ei ca ??e
(a?i.)

14528

8294

10987

?ic?aooiie aeo?ao ia ae?iaieoeoai i?iaeoeoe?? iaeiei i?aoethth/ei
i?iaaaeaii ca?aeii c aeaieie oaaeeoe?. I?eeeaae ca 1996 ??e:

wmetafile8? ??I???????????&?

?yyyy????Word?Microsoft Word??? ???????
n?t???u?????????????I???Courier
New?I????-?????????ucy??????

Neeaaoe aeai? ? iiae?eeaoe ia 3, ie io?eiaee ona?aaeiaiee iieaciee
?ic?aooieo ethaenueeiai eai?oaeo i?e a?aenooiino? ia ?iaio? 1 /ieia?ea
i?ioyaii ?ieo aai aa?o?noue 1 ?ieo aeeooy i?aoethth/iai

wmetafile8? ??G???????????&?

?yyyy????Word?Microsoft Word??? ???????
??e???u?????????????I???Courier
New?I????-?????????ucy??????

sseui oiiaii i?eeiyoe ca iniiao 25-??/iee noaae ?iaioe /ieia?ea, oiaoi
yeui c’yaey?oueny i?aai i?aoethth/iai i?eieieoe i?aoeth ? aeeoe ia
iain?th ii noaaeo, oi aa?o?noue aeeooy (A2) , ca?aeii c iaoiaeeeith
?ic?aooieo ethaenueeiai eai?oaeo, aoaea aei??aithaaoe A2 = A1 o 25

A2 = 11269 o 25 = 281725 a?i.

Ii??aithth/e io?eiaiee iieaciee aa?oino? aeeooy a iaoiio ?aa?ii? c
iieacieeii ca?oa?aeieo aaoi??a, iiaeia neacaoe, ui a?i a?aeiia?aea?
?ic?aooieai cao?aeieo e?a?i.

Ocaaaeueieaoe aeai?, iiaeia i?ae?aooaaoe aeiiii?/i? ao?aoe ?aa?iio (A) a
1996 ?ioe? o?eueee a ?acoeueoao? ia?aae/anii? nia?o?. O Aeiiaoeuee?e
iaeano? a oeueiio ?ioe? iiia?ei 86776 /ieia?e, c ieo 26% in?a
i?aoeacaeaoiiai a?eo. Aa?o?noue iaeiiai aeeooy a iaoiio ?aa?ii? 281725
a?i. Ioaea aeiiii?/i? ao?aoe aei??aiththoue:

wmetafile8? ??m??? ???????????? ???????
$????????.????1???????$????u????????????-?????
?f? ???u???????1/4??I??Times New Roman Cyr????????????????-?
???2?????A` ? ???2

? ????a`????2?%????86776?????????2?V????26??
???2!?;????100???????2?u????281725?????????2?????6,35
ie?ae.????? ????????2?e???? a?i.??????
???u???????Ao?aoe ca Aeaeiiii E? a $

wmetafile8? ??…???????????&?

?yyyy????Word?Microsoft Word??? ???????
„?????u?????????????I???Courier
New?I????-?????????ucy??????

I/aaeaeii ?noeii? ao?aoe ciaoiaeyoueny a iaaeao 18,0 ie?ae. aeie. ? 6,35
ie?ae. a?i.

Na?eicieie a?aoiaioaie oeueiai yaeua a iaoiio ?aa?ii? ?, ia?o ca ana,
aeiiii?/i? oiiae aeeooy, a?aei?noue ianaeaiiy, aeioiaee yeiai caeaaeaoue
aeeeth/ii a?ae aaaeei? o?ce/ii? i?aoe?. Iane?aeie oeueiai — iiaaia
oa?/oaaiiy, ?aiiy noa??noue, c?inoaiiy caoai?thaaiino? c? ca?eueoaiiyi
a?eo ? noaaeo, ?aiiy nia?oue.

I?iaaaeaia aeiiii?/ia ioe?iea aaciiai?ioieo ao?ao ?aa?iio aeiaaa?
oa?i?iiai? ?ic?iaee ? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy i?ia?ai, ye? ia?oeythoue iaea?eueoo
aoaeoeai?noue. ?ic?aooiee ca iaoiaeeeith iae?eo noaio caei?ia’y
ianaeaiiy ? aieeao caa?oaeiaiiy iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua (aeaii a 3
?icae?e?) i?e ?aaeueiiio iaaeinoaoiueiio athaeaeao? ioi?iie caei?ia’y a
1996 ?ioe? (344 iei. a?i.) aeiaaaee aeiaeaaaiiy 29,9 iei. a?i. ia
ae??oaiiy ieoaiue, iia’ycaieo c ?eceeii nia?o?.

Ia aeaeue iaiaaeai?noue o?iainoaaiiy ia aeicaiey? aeoeaii aieeaaoe ia
cieaeaiiy aaciiai?ioieo aeiiii?/ieo ao?ao ?aa?iio.

Aino?ioa i?iaeaie aeeooy ? nia?o? ia??aeei caoueia?th? aeiiii?/i?
ao?aoe, ui aeieeee aiane?aeie caoai?thaaiino? c oei/aniaith ao?aoith
i?aoeacaeaoiino? (COAI) oa ?iaae?aeiino? i?aoethth/iai ianaeaiiy.
Nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i? ao?aoe neeaaeathoueny c aa?oino? iaae?iaeaii?
i?iaeoeoe?? oa nioe?aeueieo ao?ao noni?euenoaa, iaiao?aeieo aeey
?nioaaiiy ethaeeie ? caa?aaeaiiy caei?ia’y.

Aeey iiaeaeueoi? ioe?iee nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo ao?ao i?iieneiaino?
a?ae COAI, ye i?eeeaae, ie aoaeaii aeei?enoiaoaaoe noaoenoe/i? aeai?
aoa?eueii? aaeoc?, ui ? iaea?eueo ianooaaiith a aeiiii?oe? ?aa?iio (?en.
2).

Iath/e aeo?aei? aeai? oa ciath/e i?eioeei i?ae?aooieo
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo ao?ao (Aa), iiaeia c?iaeoe ?ic?aooiie ??/ieo
ao?ao aeey aoaeue-yei? aaeoc? i?iieneiaino?. Aeey aoa?eueii?, o?eueee a
1997 ?ioe?, aiie noaiiaeee 360,6 iei. a?i.

Cacia/ai? ?ic?aooiee o?eueee ii iaei?e aaeoc? i?iieneiaino? aaea
aiai?youe i?i aaee/aci? nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i? ao?aoe ?aa?iio i?e
c?inoaii? COAI ? iaiao?aeiino? ?aaeeeaeueieo caoiae?a ii ciaioaiith
?eceeo oai?ia.

A aeiiii?/ieo oiiaao, ui neeaeeny, eiee a?aeaoaa?oueny ?oeioaaiiy
iaaee/ii? neoaeae, cieaeaiiy i?io?eaeoe/ii? ?iaioe, a?aenooi?noue
caeiiiaeaa/i? aace, e?ea?nueea ae?yeuei?noue iaiaaeo?oueny, ye ?
eieenue, ae?aaiinoeeith, e?eoaaiiyi oa aeaea/ath e?ea?iyiiai eenoea.

1. E?euee?noue i?aoethth/eo a aaeoc?

(oen.)2. O?oaeiao?aoe a aeiyo ia

100 i?aoethth/eo

1994 ?.

371,3

1995 ?.

343,4

1994 ?.

1730,0

1995 ?.

1756,8

1996 ?.

331,3

1997 ?.

307,4

1996 ?.

1719,2

1997 ?.

1735,7

3. Aeieaoa aeiiiiiae ca e?ea?iyiei eenoeii a

a?i. ca 1 aeaiue iai?aoeacaeaoiino?

1994 ?.

4,98

1995 ?.

3,6

1996 ?.

7.0

1997 ?.

10,5

?en.2. Aeeiai?ea na?aaeiueiaaeocaaeo iieaciee?a aoa?eueii? i?iieneiaino?

Neeaeany iacae/aeia neooaoe?y, eiee o aeaea/? eenoea iai?aoeacaeaoiino?
(e?ea?iyiiai eenoea), yeee ? iae?eiaei aeieoiaioii i?e neeaaeaii?
“Ca?oii? oi?ie 23Oi” (Oi — oei/aniaa iai?aoeacaeaoi?noue), caoe?eaaeai?
an?, e??i aea?aeaae.

C iaoith ?ic?eao ii?i/iiai caieiooiai eiea ie i?iiiio?ii iaoiaeeeo
aa?aioiaaii? iieaoe aea?aeaaith /anoeie e?ea?iyiiai eenoea c eane
i?aei?e?inoa o caeaaeiino? a?ae a?eo ? noaaeo ?iaioe (oiaoi iniaenoiai
aeeaaeo o AAI e?a?ie), ui a ei?ai? ci?ith? a?aeiioaiiy aei noaio
caei?ia’y eiaeiiai iaoeaioey ?aa?iio.

Ia iniia? ocaaaeueiaiiy aeeeaaeaiiai iaoa??aeo aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeia
aoei a iinoaaeoe e?aieo, aea aacnoii?aiee ?ioa?an noaiiaeoue ioe?iea
caeoe?a, iia’ycaia c no?eeith ao?aoith i?aoeacaeaoiino?.

Caoai?thaai?noue c no?eeith ao?aoith i?aoeacaeaoiino? ia? ae?aaeaio
nioe?aeueio iaoiiaeai?noue. Iniiai? oaeoi?e, ui aieeaathoue ia ao?aoo
i?aoeacaeaoiino? ethaeeie, iia’ycai? c oiiaaie aeeooy ? noaiii
iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua, a oaeiae c a?ieia?/ieie iniaeeainoyie
i?aai?cio.

Aeey i?eeeaaeo, no?oeoo?a ? oyaee?noue ?iaae?aeecaoe?? a??iee?a
aoa?eueii? i?iieneiaino? oa?aeoa?eco?oueny oaeeie aeaieie: ia aeieth I
a?oie i?eiaaea? 2,6-6,4% aeiaaee?a, ?? a?oie — 28,7-54,4%. Oe? iieacieee
cia/ii aeua, i?ae a ?ioeo nioe?aeueieo a?oiao ianaeaiiy. Ni?iao?ii
ioe?ieoe ao?aoe a?ae ?iaae?aeiino?.

Aei aeiiii?/ieo caeoe?a ?aa?iio a?ae ao?aoe i?aoeacaeaoiino? ca ??e
iaeaaeaoue caeoee a?ae iaaeiaeiouaii? i?iaeoeoe?? iethn an? aeaee
nioe?aeueii? aeiiiiiae, aeeth/ath/e aeieaoe oe?eueiai? aeiiiiiae
iai?aoeacaeaoiei oa ?iaae?aeai aeey i?aai?caoe?? e?eoaaiiy iica iaaeaie
iaeano?, ?aaa?e?oaoe?th, i?eaeaaiiy cania?a ia?anoaaiiy oa ?i.(oaae.3).

Oaaeeoey 3. Aeieaoa oe?eueiai? a?ioiai? aeiiiiiae iai?aoeacaeaoiei oa
?iaae?aeai iaeano?

1994 ?.1995 ?.1996 ?.1997?.E?euee?noue in?a, yeei

i?ecia/aia aeiiiiiaa

2045

1847

13943

29654

Aeiea/ai? noie (oen.a?i.)

2497,3

20859,0

C ieo ?iaae?aeai (oen.a?i.)

315,5

270,8

Aa ?iaae?aeiino? = 1655,5 iei. a?i.+11,7 iei. a?i. +9,8 iei.a?i.+

+0,3 iei.a?i.= 1677,5 iei.a?i.

— aa?o?noue iaaeiaeiouaii? i?iaeoeoe?? ia 1 /ieia?ea ca ??e

11269 a?i.o146911 ?ia.=1655,5 iei.a?i.

— aeieaoa iain?eii? aeiiiiiae — oiiaii 80 a?i.(aac ?aa?ano)

80 a?i. o 146911 ?ia. = 11,7 iei. a?i.

— aa?o?noue e?eoaaiiy

67 a?i. o 146911 ?ia. = 9,8 iei. a?i.

Io?eiaia noia 1655,5 iei. a?i. iiaea aooe i?aeaeaia cia/iei eieeaaiiyi,
ine?eueee iaiiaeeeai a?aooaaoe ?aa?an, i?a?aoe?th oai?eo c a?oie a a?oio
o ca’yceo c iie?ioaiiyi /e iia??oaiiyi caei?ia’y, a?aenooiy aeinoia??ia
noaoenoeea i?aoethth/eo ? iai?aoethth/eo ?iaae?ae?a oa ?io? i?e/eie.
Ioe?ithth/e ?ieue oa i?noea ioi?iie caei?ia’y a aeiiii?oe? ?aa?iio,
iiaeia neacaoe, ui o 1997 ?ioe? nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i? ao?aoe a?ae ci?i
o noai? caei?ia’y ianaeaiiy noaiiaeee:

— a?ae nia?oiino? — 6,35 ie?ae. a?i.;

— a?ae ?iaae?aeiino? — 1,65 ie?ae. a?i.;

— a?ae COAI ii aoa?euei?e i?iieneiaino? — 360,6 iei. a?i.

ONUeIAI — 8,36 ie?ae.a?i., ui o 8 ?ac?a a?eueoa ca ??/iee athaeaeao
iaeano?.

Aeieea? ieoaiiy, yea o?iainoaaiiy iio??aia ioi?ii? caei?ia’y, uia
aeoeaii aieeaaoe ia iaaaoeai? i?ioeane a aeeoo? noni?euenoaa. Ca?aeii c
iaoiaeeeith ni?aaaaeeeaiai ?iciiae?eo athaeaeaoo c o?aooaaiiyi noaio
caei?ia’y ianaeaiiy oa aieeao caa?oaeiaiino? iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua
c?iaeaii ?ic?aooiie aeiaeaoeiaiai o?iainoaaiiy aei aeae?eaiiai
athaeaeaoo ioi?iie caei?ia’y, aeoiaey/e c ?aaeueii? noie
aea?aeathaeaeaoo iaeano? 1997 ?ieo — 1079521,2 oen. a?i., eiee ia
i?aai?caoe?th iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae aoei aeae?eaii 344017,5 oen. a?i. aai
31,8% a?ae ii?iaoeaiiai.

?ic?aooiee iieacaee, ui aei ?nioth/iai athaeaeaoo ioi?iie caei?ia’y
iaeano? iaiao?aeii aoei aeiaeaoe 128,3 iei. a?i. sseui oi/i?oa, oi a
aeaiiio ?ac? i?ae?aoiaai? oeeo?e ao?a/aii? iiaeeeaino? uiaei iie?ioaiiy
caei?ia’y o?oaeyueo a 1997 ?ioe?.

Ia aeaeue, a aaeoc? ioi?iie caei?ia’y /a?ac caeeoeiaee ia?aaoey?iee
i?eioeei o?iainoaaiiy ao?a/aii ?aeath ieaiiai? aeiiii?ee, i?eieieeinue
oi?ioaaiiy eiiieaenieo ieai?a icaei?ia/eo caoiae?a. sseui aei oeueiai ua
aeiaeaoe aeao?oeeo iaaeeeaiaio?a, iecueeee ??aaiue oaoiieia?e oa
iaaeeei-oaoi?/iiai iniauaiiy e?ea?aiue, iecueeo iieaoo i?aoe?
iaaei?aoe?aiee?a (ia 29,0% ieae/a i?ae ii i?iieneiaino?), oi oaea
nenoaia i?aai?caoe?? iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae a ?aa?ii? ia caeaoia aieeaaoe
ia oi?ioaaiiy o?ce/ii caei?iaeo ethaenueeeo ?ano?n?a, i?aeaeuaiiy ?o
?ioaeaeooaeueiiai ? oai?/iai ??aiy.

A ?aa?ii? a?oai ii?ooo?oueny “Caeii aeiiii?? aeeai? i?aoe?”, nooue yeiai
a caa?aaeaii? caaaeueii? o?eaaeino? aeeooy, ui aea? ?aaeueio
iiaeeea?noue aeey ca?eueoaiiy no?ieo o?oaeiai? ae?yeueiino? ethaeeie oa
iniaenoiai aianeo eiaeiiai a AAI.

?icae?e 3. “?ic?iaea iaoiaee/ieo i?aeoiae?a ii oi?aae?iith o?iainiaith
ae?yeuei?noth iaaee/ieo caeeaae?a ?aa?iio”. ?icaae aeiiii?ee a oiiaao
ia?aoiaeo aei ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei ni?e/eiea e?eco a oi?aae?ii?.
I?aai?caoi?e ioi?iie caei?ia’y, ia iath/e aeinoaoi?o aeiiii?/ieo ciaiue,
ciooai? ae??ooaaoe ieoaiiy ?ai?aai?caoe?? e?eoaaeueieo caeeaae?a a
oiiaao ?eieo, ?aoe?iiaeueiiai ?ici?uaiiy ?aca?a?a oa aeei?enoaiiy
athaeaeaoieo aneaioaaiue, aecia/aoe aa?o?noue oa ?eieia? oe?ie ia
iaaee/i? iineoae, io?eiaiiy i?eaooeo, aioo??oiueiai oa ciai?oiueiai
eiio?ieth ca aeei?enoaiiyi caaaeueiiai athaeaeaoo, oiaoi aeei?enoiaoaaoe
a ?iaio? iniiai? iaoai?cie oa iaoiaee o?iainiaiai iaiaaeaeiaioo.

O?iainiaee iaiaaeaeiaio a iaaeeoeei? ia?aaeaa/a? oi?aae?iiy ?ooii
o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a ia’?eoa ioi?iie caei?ia’y, a oaeiae o?iainiaeie
a?aeiineiaie, ui aeieeathoue o i?ioean? ?iciiae?eo oa aeei?enoaiiy
o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a. Ioaea, o?iainiaee iaiaaeaeiaio a ioi?ii? caei?ia’y
ioiieth? nenoaio i?eioeei?a, iaoiae?a, oi?i ? i?eeii?a oi?aae?iiy
?eieiaeie iaoai?ciaie a aaeoc? o?iain?a c iaoith i?aeaeuaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? ae?yeueiino? ? eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? e?eoaaeueieo
caeeaae?a.

Aaaeeea?noue o?iainiaiai iaiaaeaeiaioo c?inoa? a oiiaao oaeaeeeo ci?i,
ye o nai?e nenoai? iaaeeei-nai?oa?ii? aeiiiiiae, oae ? a aeiiii?oe? a
oe?eiio, ine?eueee o?iainiaa no?aoaa?y, ui ia?aia aeey ia’?eoa ioi?iie
caei?ia’y, ?ic?aoiao?oueny ia ei?ioe? i?ii?aeee /ano: eaa?oae, i?nyoeue,
aeaeaaea. Oea ?icoe?th? iiaeeeaino? naiia?yaeoaaiiy.

Iniiaieie eiiiiiaioaie ae?yeueiino? iaiaaeaeiaioo e?eoaaeueiiai caeeaaeo
e??i oi?ioaaiiy athaeaeaoo cae/aeii aoaathoue: ?ic?aooiie aeo?ao ia
e?eoaaiiy oai?eo, aecia/aiiy aa?oino? iaaee/ieo iineoa, aioo??oi?e
o?iainiaee eiio?ieue, i?iaiicoaaiiy ?aioaaaeueiino? oa ?yae ?ioeo. Iaeia
?c caaaeaiue iaiaaeaeiaioo — oea ae??oaiiy ieoaiiy i?aai?caoe??
e?eoaaeueii? ni?aae.

A ?iaio? aea/aii aeaee aeo?ao, ?o aa?o?nia ae?aaeaiiy, aeaii o?e
iaoiaeeee ?iciiae?eo iaeeaaeieo aeo?ao: a?oiiaee ?iciiae?e iaeeaaeieo
aeo?ao, i?yiee ?iciiae?e iaeeaaeieo aeo?ao, ?iciiae?e iaeeaaeieo aeo?ao
iaoiaeii iine?aeiaiiai ?icae?eo.

?iciiae?eeaoe iaeeaaei? aeo?aoe ? aeiaeaaoe aei ieo i?yi? aeo?aoe, ie
iaoeiaii noio, yeo eaaei aeei?enoaoe aeey aecia/aiiy aa?oino?
o?oaeicao?ao ? oe?ie ia ??ci? aeaee iaaee/ieo iineoa.

Iaie cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiaeeeo eaeueeoeyoe?e nia?aa?oino? iaaee/ieo
iineoa, ?aeiiaiaeiaaii ?ic?aooiee iniiaiiai oiiaeo ca?ia?oii? ieaoe,
?iciiae?eo iaeeaaeieo aeo?ao oa aii?oecaoe?eieo ia?aooaaiue.

Iaaio oaaao i?eae?eaii i?aai?caoe?? ieaoieo iaaee/ieo iineoa a iaaeao
aea?aeonoaiia aea?aeaaieo caeeaae?a. Iiaeaii aa??aioe oi?ioaaiiy oe?i o
ia?aee?i?/ieo i?ae?icae?eao ? aini?ic?aooieiaeo iie?ee?i?eao.

A iniia? ?ic?aooieo aa?oino? ieaoieo iaaee/ieo iineoa eaaeaoue ia
ii?iaoeai?, a oaeoe/i? aeo?aoe ia iaaeaiiy e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/ii?
aeiiiiiae. Oea aeicaiey? noai?eoe iiaee iaoai?ci iioeiaeueiiai
aeei?enoaiiy o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a.

Io?eiaia ?ioi?iaoe?y c iaiaaeaea?nueeeo ?ic?aooie?a iiaea aooe
aeei?enoaia o?eueee a iaaeao iaeiiai iaaee/iiai caeeaaeo. Aiia ia
caeaaeeoue a?ae i?aaiaeo ii?i oa iaia’yceiaeo ca?o?a i?i o?iainiao
ae?yeuei?noue, ia iaiaaeo? ea??aieea a ieoaiiyo i?eeiyooy eiie?aoieo
??oaiue.

O?iainiaa i?iaiicoaaiiy ia?aaeaa/a? ?ic?iaeo aeueoa?iaoeaieo ??oaiue,
ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue o?iainiaee noai ia’?eoa ioi?iie caei?ia’y,
aeeiai?eo eiai aeo?ao, aeioiae?a, i?eaooeo.

Iniiaieie eiiiiiaioaie ae?yeueiino? iaiaaeaea?a e?eoaaeueiiai caeeaaeo
aoaathoue: oi?ioaaiiy athaeaeaoo aeey i?aai?caoe?? aoaeoeaii? iaaee/ii?
aeiiiiiae ianaeaiith; ?aoe?iiaeueiee, iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaiee ?iciiae?e
athaeaeaoo; ?ic?aooiie aeo?ao ia e?eoaaiiy oai?eo; oe?iiooai?aiiy
iaaee/ieo iineoa; aioo??oi?e o?iainiaee eiio?ieue; i?iaiicoaaiiy
?aioaaaeueiino? oa ?i.

O?iainia? i?iaiice ? iniiaith aeey ?ic?iaee o?iainiaeo ieai?a. Ooieoe?th
o?iainiaiai ieaio a EIC aeeiio? athaeaeao. Aei athaeaeaoo caeeaaeathoue
oe?e? ? caaaeaiiy iaaee/iiai caeeaaeo, oi/i?oa ?o a?ioiaee ?ici??.
Oi?ioaaiiy athaeaeaoo aaco?oueny ia eiiieaen? i?aaiaeo aeieoiaio?a oa
iieiaeaiue, ca?oiino? i?i o?iainiao ae?yeuei?noue ia?aae aeueie
oi?aae?inueeeie no?oeoo?aie. A?i oo?eio? ea??aieea a ?aieao caeiiiino?,
a?oiooth/enue ia caaaeueiii?eeiyoeo i?eioeeiao noaiaea?oiiai ia?aooaaiiy
aeo?ao aeeiiaiiai ianyao iaaeaieo iaaee/ieo iineoa, ca caoaa?aeaeaieie
I?i?noa?noaii ioi?iie caei?ia’y ? I?i?noa?noaii o?iain?a ii?iaoeaieie
noaooyie aeo?ao ia ??ci? aeaee ae?yeueiino? iaaee/iiai caeeaaeo.

O aeiaeaoeao iiaeaii caeiiiaeaa/o aaco i?aai?caoe?? athaeaeaoiiai
o?iainoaaiiy, oi?ioaaiiy ieaoieo iaaee/ieo iineoa.

Ne?ae canoa?aaoe, ui iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaiee ?iciiae?e athaeaeaoo
iiaeeeaee eeoa ca oiia noeoiiino? nai?/anieo aeieao athaeaeaoieo eioo?a
caa?oo aiec i?aaiai ioi?iie caei?ia’y ? iieaoe iniiaieo aeo?ao ia
i?aai?caoe?th iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae ?aa?iio ca iaaiee i?ii?aeie /ano.

?iciiae?e athaeaeaoo ia? iie?oe/iee oa?aeoa?, oiio ia?oee e?ie
?iciiae?eo athaeaeaoo aeoaea aaaeeeaee ? ii/eia?oueny c aecia/aiiy ?ie?
ioi?iie caei?ia’y a aeiiii?oe? ?aa?iio, aeaiia?ao?/ieo i??i?eoao?a
ie?aieo ?aeii?a, iie?oeei-iaoe?iiaeueiiai cia/aiiy ?yaeo aaia?ao?/ieo
?aeii?a, o/ano? aeiiii?ee ?aa?iio o ae?iaieoeoa? AAI.

A ?ic?aooieao aaoi?a aeei?enoai? iaoiaee ?iciiae?eo athaeaeaoo c
o?aooaaiiyi ?yaeo oaeoi??a: e?eueeino? ianaeaiiy (ia iaeiiai iaoeaioey);

?iciiae?e ianaeaiiy ca a?eii ? noaooth; e?eueeino? iaoeaioe?a
n?euenueei? i?noeaaino?; noaio caei?ia’y ianaeaiiy c o?aooaaiiyi
oe?aeeeaino? iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua; iioie?a iaoe??io?a i?ae
?aeiiaie oa i?noaie; aeei?enoaiiy iaeanieo e?eoaaeueieo caeeaae?a. Oea
a?eueo neeaaei? ?ic?aooiee, ye? iathoue nai? ia?aaaae oa iaaeie?ee.

I?e aeai?? iaoiaeo eaeooue a?ae i?inoiai aei neeaaeiiai. Aea??
caeaaeeoue a?ae ea??aieea, ui aaaea? a?eueo a?aiioii ? aeeaiei
i?aai?coaaoe o?iainoaaiiy aeo?ao c o?aooaaiiyi oaeoi?a, yeiio a?i iaaea?
ia?aaaao. ?aeeii? iioeiaeueii? iaoiaeeee o?iainiaiai oi?aae?iiy ia
?nio?.

AENIIAEE

Aeniiaee oeueiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaathoue a ianooiiiio:

1. A Oe?a?i? ?nio? aea?aeaaia nenoaia ioi?iie caei?ia’y c iaaeinoaoi?i
o?iainoaaiiyi a noaae?? ?iciaaeo oa iecueeith ye?noth iaaee/iiai
ianeoaiaoaaiiy.

2. I?aai?caoe?y iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae iio?aao? na?eicieo no?oeoo?ieo
ia?aaoaeia, i???ioaoe?? ia caa?aaeaiiy caei?ia’y caei?iaeo. Ia?ao?ae aei
?eieiai? aeiiii?ee aac aeiiii?/iiai ?aoi?ioaaiiy ? ieaioaaiiy i?eca?a
aei oiai, ui aaeocue ao?aoeea iaiao?aeio no?ee?noue ? oaeoe/ii
?oeio?oueny.

3. Ioi?iia caei?ia’y, aoaeo/e /anoeith iaae?iaie/i? noa?e, ia? aaaeeeaa
cia/aiiy a i?ia?an? aeiiii?ee, ae??ooth/e neeaaei? caaaeaiiy ii
ciaioaiith nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo ao?ao noni?euenoaa, iia’ycaieo c
ye?noth aeeooy ethaeeie oa ?? aeaaiiieo//yi a iaaeieeoiueiio
na?aaeiaeu?. Ethaeeia ? aeo?aeiith ? e?ioeaaith eaoaai???th an???
aeiiii?ee, a iie?ioaiiy ?? caei?ia’y caeaaeeoue ia o?eueee a?ae yeino?
iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae aai aoaeoeaii? i?aai?caoe?? ioi?iie caei?ia’y.

4. Aeiiii?/ia ioe?iea aoaeoeaiino? oi?aae?iiy ioi?iiith caei?ia’y
ioe?ith?oueny e?ioeaaei ?acoeueoaoii ae?yeueiino? EIC, iieacieeaie
caei?ia’y ianaeaiiy. Ia aeaeue, aeeiai?ea iniiaieo iieaciee?a caei?ia’y
ianaeaiiy Aeiiaoeueei? iaeano? ca inoaii? i’youe ?ie?a (nia?oi?noue,
ia?iaeaeoaai?noue, o?eaae?noue aeeooy, caoai?thaai?noue) ia? iaaaoeaiee
oa?aeoa?. Nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i? ao?aoe o?eueee o 1997 ?ioe? noaiiaeee
aeecueei 8,36 ie?ae. a?i., ui o 8 ?ac?a ia?aaeuo? aea?aeathaeaeao
iaeano?.

5. I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy ia?aaeaa/athoue cia/i? aeiiii?/i? aeaiaee
a ?aa?ii? i?e iie?ioaii? yeino? iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae ?c caeo/aiiyi iaaieo
o?iainiaeo eioo?a. Ca?aeii c ?ic?aooieaie oey noia iiaeiia noaiiaeoe
aeecueei 128,3 iei. a?i.

6. A oiiaao noaiiaeaiiy ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee oa ?aoi?ioaaiiy aaeoc?
iaaecae/aeii aaaeeeai, uia ea??aieee i?aai?a ? caeeaae?a ioi?iie
caei?ia’y aieiae?ee no/anieie iaoiaeaie aeiiii?/iiai oi?aae?iiy,
ai?iaaaeaeoaaee iaoeiai iaa?oioiaai? ia?aaeia? oaoiieia??, aeoeaii
?icaeaaee ?eiie iaaee/ieo iineoa, ooeaee aeiaeaoeia? aeaea?aea
o?iainoaaiiy.

7. Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?aeoaa?aeeee cia/ou?noue, iioeiaeuei?noue ?
aoaeoeai?noue ?iiiaaoe?eieo noai oi?aae?iiy.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO AAOI?II I?AOeUe CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiue aaoi?ii i?aeaioiaeaii e iioae?eiaaii 12
iaoeiaeo i?aoeue:

1. Oooia I.I., Aa?aoeue A.I. Iiuo aiaae?aiey aaoiiaoece?iaaiiie nenoaie
oi?aaeaiey a iaeanoiie eiinoeueoaoeaiie iieeeeeieea. //O?oaeu I nuacaea
nioe.-aeaeai, e i?a. cae?. Oe?aeiu. — Eeaa. -1990. — N.167-169.
(Iniaenoee aianie aeena?oaioa: aeaii aiae?c ia?aaaa oi?aae?iiy ca
aeiiiiiaith AII iaae cae/aeiei noaoenoe/iei iae?eii).

2. Oooia I.I. Iiuo eniieueciaaiey YAI aeey ia?aaioee noaoenoe/aneie
eioi?iaoeee. //Aeooaeueiua i?iaeaiu eeeie/aneie iaaeeoeeiu Aeiiaanna. —
Aeiiaoee. — 1993. — N.36-39.

3. Aiiaea?aaneee A.A., Oaaeee N.N., Oooia I.I. I?eeeaaeiua aniaeou
eniieueciaaiey ia?niiaeueiuo eiiiuethoa?ia a caaea/ao ?aaeeaoeeiiiie
aaciianiinoe. — Aeiiaoee.: Aeaae. iaoe Oe?aeiu, Aeii. oeceei-oaoi. eino.
ei. A.Aaeeeia, 1995. — 40 n. + 10 iaeaoia i?ia?aii. (Iniaenoee aianie
aeena?oaioa: ?ic?iaeaii ? aeaii ?ic?aooiee iniiaieo aeo?ao, iia’ycaieo c
o?aooaaiiyi, i?io?eaeoeeith oa i?aai?caoe??th oaoi?ee aaciaee iaaee/ieo
i?aoe?aiee?a, i?aoey yeeo iia’ycaia c ?ii?caoe?eiei ii?ii?iaiiyi).

4. Aeaienia A.E., Oooia I.I. Yeiiiie/aneea aniaeou caianoeoaeueiiai
ea/aiey o?iie/aneie ii/a/iie iaaeinoaoi/iinoe. //O?oaeu 1 nuacaea
o?ainiaioieiaia Oe?aeiu “No/ani? i?iaeaie ee?i?/ii? oa
aenia?eiaioaeueii? o?ainieaioieia??”. — Caii?iaeuea. — 1995. — N.61-62.
(Iniaenoee aianie aeena?oaioa: c?iaeaii ii??aiyiiy aa?oino? i?aai?caoe??
oa e?eoaaiiy oai?eo c o?ii?/iith eaaaiaaith iaaeinoaoi?noth ia Oe?a?i? ?
ca ?oaaaeai).

5. Oooia I.I. Iooe ?aoeeiiaeueiiai eiaanoe?iaaiey Oe?aeiu ia ia?aoiaeiii
yoaia e iaaeeoeeineiio no?aoiaaieth. // O?oaeu eiio. IC Oe?aeiu
“Ia?niaeoeau iaaeeoeeineiai no?aoiaaiey”. — Eeaa, sseoa.— 1995. — N.12.

6. Aa?eia I.A., Iinoeiaea E.E., Oooia I.I. Caei?iauea ianaeaiey e
iaoiaeu aai eco/aiey. //O/. iiniaea ooa. IC OeIE ii AII. — Aeiiaoee. —
1996. — 187 n. (Iniaenoee aianie aeena?oaioa: iaienaa ?icae?e
i?ae?o/ieea ii ioe?ioe? ae?yeueiino? noaoe?iia?ii? iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae).

7. Oooia I.I. Nia?aiaiiay nenoaia cae?aaiio?aiaiey. Iiuo ?aaiou a
oneiaeyo ?uii/iie yeiiiieee. //O?oaeu III Iaaeaeoia?. eiio. “I?iaeaiu
aaaaeaiey Caeiia Oe?aeiu “I iaaeeoeeineii no?aoiaaiee a?aaeaeai””. —
Neioa?iiieue. — 1997. — N.9.

8. Aa?eia I.A., Oooia I.I., I?aea A.I. Eiioeaiooaeueiua iiaeoiaeu e
yeiiiie/aneiio oi?aaeaieth a nenoaia cae?aaiio?aiaiey. //O?oaeu Na. ?aa.
III nuacaea nioe.-aeaeai. e i?a. cae?. Oe?aeiu. — Oii 1. — Iaeanna. —
1997. — N.49-51. (Iniaenoee aianie aeena?oaioa: i?iaiae?ciaaii iaoiaee
aoaeoeaiiai oi?aae?iiy a ?eieiaeo oiiaao).

9. Oooia I.I. Ia yeiiiie/aneie cia/eiinoe cae?aaiio?aiaiey a aaeiaii
iaoeeiiaeueiii i?iaeoeoa ainoaea?noaa. //Aii?inu cae?aaiio?aiaiey
Aeiiaanna. — Aeiiaoee. — 1997. — N.102-105.

10. Oooia I.I. Oaiaaay yeiiiieea a cae?aaiio?aiaiee ?aaeiia.
//Aecian-eioi?i. — ? 24. — 1997. — N.24-26.

11. Eaiaiaoeeee I.N., Oooia I.I., O.Ae. Aaooaaaa e ae?. Iaoiaeu i?eiyoey
yeiiiie/aneeo ?aoaiee i?e i?eia?aoaiee ?aioaaiianeie aiia?aoo?u.
//Aaniee aeaeaiu e yieaeaieieiaee. — Oii 2, ? 1(3). — 1998. — N.87-89.
(Iniaenoee aianie aeena?oaioa: ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea cai?ie canoa??eiai
?aioaaiiaeaaeiaiiy ia iiaa. Aeiaaaeaii, ui ?aiiio noa?iai
iaaeiaeaaeiaiiy a?eueo aei?iaee e iaio aoaeoeaiee oeyo aeo?ao).

12. Oooia I.I. Ninoiyiea iaaeeoeeineie iiiiue e caaeneiinoue
yeiiiie/aneiai iioaioeeaea ?aaeiia io caei?iauey ianaeaiey. — Aeiiaoee:
1998. — 35 n. /I?ai?. ( IAI Oe?aeiu, Ei-o yeiiii.-i?aaiauo enneaae.).

AIIOAOe?ss

Oooia I.I. Iaoeiai-iaoiaee/i? canaaee oi?aae?iiy ?ano?naie iaaee/ii?
aeiiiiiae ?aa?iio. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 08.10.01 — ?ici?uaiiy i?iaeoeoeaieo nee ?
?aa?iiaeueia aeiiii?ea. — ?inoeooo aeiiii?ei-i?aaiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI
Oe?a?ie, Aeiiaoeuee, 1998.

Iaa?oioiaaii iaiao?aei?noue ?aoi?ioaaiiy nenoaie ioi?iie caei?ia’y
?aa?iio o ca’yceo c ia?aoiaeii aei ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei. A?aoiaioiaaii
iia? i?aeoiaee aei ieaioaaiiy ? oi?aae?iiy ?ano?naie iaaee/ii?
aeiiiiiae. ?aeiiaiaeiaaii iaoiaeeee ?ic?aooieo ? aecia/aiiy aoaeoeaiino?
e?eoaaeueiiai i?ioeano. Aecia/aii iaiao?aei?noue i?aeaioiaee
eaae?o?ei-aaieo ea??aiee?a iiai? oi?iaoe??. Ioe?iaii ?ieue ? iiaeeeaino?
o?iainiaiai iaiaaeaeiaioo c o?aooaaiiyi o?iueiai? aeiiii?ee. Iiaeai?
?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii oi?ioaaiith aa?oino? ieaoieo iaaee/ieo iineoa.

Eeth/ia? neiaa:?aoi?ioaaiiy, aeiiii?ea, ioi?iia caei?ia’y, oi?aae?iiy,
aoaeoeai?noue, iaiaaeaeiaio, ?aa?ii, ?ano?ne iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae, ieaoi?
iineoae.

AIIIOAOeEss

Oooia I.I. Iao/ii-iaoiaee/aneea iniiau oi?aaeaiey ?ano?naie
iaaeeoeeineie iiiiue ?aaeiia. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea iao/iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa yeiiiie/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.10.01 — ?aciauaiea i?iecaiaee-oaeueiuo nee e
?aaeiiaeueiay yeiiiieea. — Einoeooo yeiiiieei-i?aaiauo enneaaeiaaiee IAI
Oe?aeiu, Aeiiaoee, 1998.

Iainiiaaia iaiaoiaeeiinoue ?aoi?ie?iaaiey nenoaiu cae?aaiio?aiaiey
?aaeiia a nayce n ia?aoiaeii ia ?uii/iua ioiioaiey. A?aoiaioe?iaaiu
iiaua iiaeoiaeu e ieaie?iaaieth e oi?aaeaieth ?ano?naie iaaeeoeeineie
iiiiue. ?aeiiaiaeiaaiu iaoiaeeee ?an/aoa e ii?aaeaeaiey yooaeoeaiinoe
ea/aaiiai i?ioeanna. Ii?aaeaeaia iaiaoiaeeiinoue iiaeaioiaee
eaaeeoeoee?iaaiiuo ?oeiaiaeeoaeae iiaie oi?iaoeee.Ioeaiaia ?ieue e
aiciiaeiinoe oeiainiaiai iaiaaeaeiaioa n o/aoii oaiaaie yeiiiieee. Aeaiu
?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii oeaiiia?aciaaieth ieaoiuo iaaeeoeeineeo oneoa.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ?aoi?ie?iaaiea, yeiiiieea, cae?aaiio?aiaiea,
oi?aaeaiea, yooaeoeaiinoue, iaiaaeaeiaio, ?aaeii, ?ano?nu iaaeeoeeineie
iiiiue, ieaoiua oneoae.

ANNOTATION

Shutov M.M. Scientifically-methodical bases of resource governing
medical help of region. — Manuscript.

Thesis on cosearching for scientific degrees of candidate of economic
sciences on professions 08.10.01 — Accommodation of production power and
economy of region. — Institute an economy-legal studies NAS of Ukraine,
Donetsk, 1998.

Motivated need of reshaping a system of public health of region in
connection with transition on the market relations. Argue new approaches
to the planning and resource management of medical help. Recommended
strategies of calculation and determination of efficiency a treatment of
process. Determined need of preparing the qualify leaders new
generation. Evaluated role and possibility of financial management with
provision for the dark economy. Given recommendations on forming the
prices of pay medical services.

Keywords: reshaping, economy, public health, management, efficiency,
region, medical resource, price services.

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 28.08.98

Oi?iao 60o84/16. iai?? ionaoiee

Iae.-aeae. a?e. 1.0. Oe?aae 100 i?ei.

Caiiaeaiiy ?156

Iaae?oeiaaii o aeaeaaieoeoa? “THai-Ainoie”

i. Aeiiaoeuee, aoe.Ui?na, 17

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