2

Iaoe?iiaeueia aeaaeai?y iaoe Oe?a?ie

Iaoe?iiaeueia a?ae?ioaea Oe?a?ie

?iai? A.?.Aa?iaaenueeiai

OAeE 021.8(477): 94(477)

Iaoonaae/ A?eoi??y Aieiaeeie??aia

Iaoeiai-aeine?aeia eii?n?y a?ae?ioaeiciaanoaa oa a?ae?ia?ao??
Anaia?iaeii? a?ae?ioaee Oe?a?ie (1925-1933): iniiai? iai?yie
ae?yeueiino?

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 07.00.08. – eieaiciaanoai,

a?ae?ioaeiciaanoai, a?ae?ia?aoiciaanoai

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai

nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa ?noi?e/ieo iaoe

Ee?a – 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Iaoe?iiaeuei?e a?ae?ioaoe? Oe?a?ie ?iai?
A.?.Aa?iaaenueeiai.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee aeieoi? ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

AeOA?IA?IA ETHAIA AIAe???AIA,

Iaoe?iiaeueia a?ae?ioaea Oe?a?ie ?iai?

A.?..Aa?iaaenueeiai, aee?aeoi? ?inoeoooo

?oeiieno IAOA

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe aeieoi? ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

IIAEUe*OE AIEIAeEIE? THOEIIAE*,

Iaoe?iiaeueia a?ae?ioaea Oe?a?ie ?iai?

A.?.Aa?iaaenueeiai, caa.a?aeae?eo iaoe?iiaeueii?

a?ae?ia?ao??

eaiaeeaeao ?noi?e/ieo iaoe

IAOssO ??EIA AI?EN?AIA,

Oe?a?inueeee aea?aeaaiee iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee

?inoeooo a?o?aii? ni?aae oa aeieoiaioiciaanoaa,

canooiiee aee?aeoi?a

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa Oa?e?anueea aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y eoeueoo?e,

oaeoeueoao a?ae?ioaeiciaanoaa oa

?ioi?iaoeee

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 5 ” n?/iy 1999 ?. i 14-00 aiae.

Ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.165.01. ii caoenoo
aeena?oaoe?e ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a (eaiaeeaeaoa) iaoe
o Iaoe?iiaeuei?e a?ae?ioaoe? Oe?a?ie ?iai? A.?.Aa?iaaenueeiai ca
aae?anith: 252039, Ee?a, i?ini. 40-??//y AEiaoiy, 3.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoueny o /eoaeueiiio cae?
a?ae?ioaeiciaa/i? e?oa?aoo?e a Iaoe?iiaeuei?e a?ae?ioaoe? Oe?a?ie ?iai?
A.?.Aa?iaaenueeiai, Ee?a, i?ini. 40-??//y AEiaoiy, 3.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 4 ” a?oaeiy 1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe A.I.*aeia?ueia

Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy ? nooi?iue iaoeiai? ?ic?iaee oaie

A ?noi??? a?ae?ioa/ii? ni?aae oa a?ae?ioa/ii? iaoee Oe?a?ie 20-30-o?
?iee OO no. iin?aeathoue aaaeeeaa i?noea. Oi?eaeueiee aeina?ae noai?aiiy
e ?icaeoeo Anaia?iaeii? (Iaoe?iiaeueii?) a?ae?ioaee Oe?a?ie (aeae? –
AAO), caii/aoeoaaiiy oe?a?inueeiai a?ae?ioaei- oa a?ae?ia?aoiciaanoaa,
?icaeoie iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaieo i?aeoe/ieo canaae i?aai?caoe?? ?
eeaneo?eaoe?? iaoe?iiaeueiiai a?ae?ioa/iiai oiiaeo ? cie?aia oiiaeo
“oe?a?i?ea”, noai?aiiy eaoaeia?a, aaeineiiaeaiiy oi?i ? iaoiae?a
ianeoaiaoaaiiy /eoa/?a iaoeiai? a?ae?ioaee, a?oioiaia ?ic?iaea oai??? oa
i?aeoeee oe?a?inueeiai a?ae?ia?ao?/iiai ?aia?ooa?o, ?icaycaiiy i?iaeai
iioi/ii? oa ?aeiiaiaeaoe?eii? a?ae?ia?ao?? oa ?io? aeooaeuei? caaaeaiiy
a?ae?ioa/ii? ni?aae e iaoeiai? ae?yeueiino? aoee iinoaaeai? oa aeoeaii
ae??ooaaeeny niaoe?aeueii noai?aiith o Anaia?iaei?e a?ae?ioaoe? Oe?a?ie
Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiith eii?n??th a?ae?ioaeiciaanoaa oa a?ae?ia?ao?? (aeae?
— IAeEA).

C iaeyaeo ia o?eaae? ?iee caiia/oaaiiy ieoaiue noai?aiiy e
ooieoe?iioaaiiy oeueiai oi?eaeueiiai aeey Oe?a?ie ooai?aiiy oa eiai ?ie?
o oi?ioaaii? oe?a?inueei? a?ae?ioaeiciaa/i? oeiee, aiae?c ?noi???
?icaeoeo IAeEA, ?? i?aai?caoe?? oa iniiaieo iai?yi?a ae?yeueiino? noaei
oaiith naiino?eiiai iaoeiaiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

O neeaae? IAeEA i?aoethaaee a?aeii? a/ai? a aaeoc? a?ae?ioaei-,
a?ae?ia?aoi- oa eieaiciaanoaa, oai?aoeee ? i?aeoeee a?ae?ioa/ii? ni?aae,
ye? noai?thaaee e iaa?oioiaoaaee ?? canaaee, caeeaaeaee ooiaeaiaio
oe?a?inueei? a?ae?ioa/ii? iaoee, ui aoaeoaaeany ia na?oiaiio ?
iaoe?iiaeueiiio aeina?ae? i?aai?caoe?? a?ae?ioa/ii? ni?aae oa iaoee.
Aea/aiiy ?oiueiai iniaenoiai oa eieaeoeaiiai aianeo o ?icaeoie
oai?aoe/ieo canaae a?ae?ioaei- ? a?ae?ia?aoiciaanoaa, cai?iaaaeaeaiiy
aei iaoeiaiai ia?ao ia aeine?aeaeaieo aein? aeaea?ae ? caaaeaiiyi,
aeooaeueiei e aeey no/anii? a?ae?ioa/ii? iaoee.

Noai iaoeiai? ?ic?iaee i?iaeaie

?noi??y noai?aiiy oa ae?yeuei?noue o 20-30-o? ?iee OO no.
Iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? eii?n?? a?ae?ioaeiciaanoaa oa a?ae?ia?ao??, nii/aoeo
i?aai?ciaaii? ye Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee ?inoeooo a?ae?ioaeiciaanoaa (IAe?A)
o no?oeoo?? AAO ia ciaeoee iiee ui iaeaaeiiai aena?oeaiiy a
niaoe?aeuei?e a?ae?ioaeiciaa/?e e?oa?aoo??.

?noi??y iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ae?yeueiino? AAO ? iaoeia? i?aoe? aeayeeo
ae?y/?a IAeEA (cie?aia, N.I.Iinoa?iaea, I.?.Naaa?aee, A.O.?aaieoeueeiai,
I.I.Ieeieaiea oa ?i.), eio?? o a?eueoino? iio?aieee aei niaoenoiaeu,
aoee a?aeii? aocueeiio eieo aeine?aeiee?a. A?eueo?noue iaoeiaeo i?aoeue
c a?ae?ioaei- oa a?ae?ia?aoiciaanoaa i?enay/oaaeany aena?oeaiith
caaaeueieo iai?yi?a ?icaeoeo oeeo aeine?aeaeaiue a Oe?a?i?, ? IAeEA
caaaeoaaeany oai eeoa iia?/ii, ae?yeuei?noue ?? ni?a?ia?oiee?a
oa?aeoa?ecoaaeany aac neio?ii?caoe?? ?oi?o iaoeiaeo iiaeyae?a c
eiioaenoii iaoeiai? oeiee, aeoiaaii? AAO oa IAeEA.

Caniiaieee ? ni?a?ia?oieee IAeEA (A.I.Eiceianueeee, N.I.Iinoa?iae,
ss.E.Iayeianueeee, I.?.Naaa?aea oa ?i.) aaaaeaee ca iaiao?aeia
i?iiaaoaaoe ?? ae?yeuei?noue, oiio ieie iioae?eiaaii aeae?eueea
niaoe?aeueieo iaeyae?a ae?yeueiino? AAO oa IAeEA, cie?aia a aaeoc?
a?ae?ioaeiciaanoaa oa a?ae?ia?ao??. Ae?yeueiino? IAeEA o 1927-1929 ??.
i?enay/aii e noaoo? I.I. ?aai/aiea, a yeeo aeieeaaeii aena?oeththoueny
iai?yie ?iaioe Eii?n??, oaie, ui iaaiai?thaaeeny ia can?aeaiiyo Ieaioio
IAeEA, ?? naeoe?yo, eii?n?yo ? i?aeeii?n?yo.

O?eueee iai?ee?ioe? 70-o ?ie?a, i?ney o?eaaei? ia?a?ae, a?aeiiaeth?oueny
?ioa?an aei ?noi??? a?ae?ioaeiciaanoaa a Oe?a?i?. Aeaye? ieoaiiy
i?aai?caoe?? a?ae?ioa/ii? ina?oe a Oe?a?i?, cie?aia i?aeaioiaee
a?ae?ioa/ieo eaae??a o AAO, ?icaeyiooi a aeine?aeaeaiiyo
I.E.Ieaeie/aiei, cie?aia a ?? eaiaeeaeaonuee?e aeena?oaoe??, i?enay/ai?e
a?ae?ioa/iiio aoae?aieoeoao a Oe?a?i? a 1917-1925 ??. Caaaeee i?i IAeEA
c’yaeythoueny o i?ae?o/ieeao ? iiiia?ao?yo ?c caaaeueiia?ae?ioa/ieo
ieoaiue. Na?aae ?in?enueeeo aeine?aeiee?a oaie ne?ae iacaaoe
A.I.Aai??aa, yeee aiae?co? a?ae?ioaei- oa a?ae?ia?aoiciaa/? aeeneon?? a
Oe?a?i? oeeo ?ie?a ? o/anoue o ieo i?aaenoaaiee?a IAeEA oa AAO. Ieoaiue
noai?aiiy oe?a?inueei? a?ae?ioaeiciaa/i? oeiee oi?ea?oueny o nai?o
noaooyo TH.I. Noiey?ia.

O 80-o? ?iee aeieeea iiaa oaeey ?ioa?ano aeine?aeiee?a aei ?noi???
oe?a?inueeiai a?ae?ioaei- oa a?ae?ia?aoiciaanoaa 20-o ?ie?a. Iaaiee
aianie o aecia/aiiy ?ie? iaoeiai? ae?yeueiino? IAeEA /a?ac ae?yeuei?noue
?? ni?a?ia?oiee?a c?iaeea E.I.Iaeeiiea, yea i?aee?aneeea ?ieue aeaeaoieo
a?ae?ioaeiciaaoe?a oiai /ano a ?ic?iaoe? ?aeaeii-oai?aoe/ieo canaae
?aaeyinueeiai a?ae?ioaeiciaanoaa, cie?aia iniaenoee aianie oaeeo /eai?a
IAeEA, ye Ae.A.Aaeeea, A.I.?aaiooe?i, I.?.Naaa?aea.

Ieoaiue ?icaeoeo a?ae?ia?ao?? a Oe?a?i? 20-30-o ?ie?a oi?eathoueny
O.E.Na?aia ? Ae.Ae.Oa?aiaiia o i?ae?o/ieeo “Oe?a?inueea ?aaeyinueea
a?ae?ia?ao?y”. A.?.Eooia?iiaa o nai?o ioae?eaoe?yo aena?oeth? ?noi??th
oi?ioaaiiy oe?a?inueeiai a?ae?ia?aoiciaanoaa ye aeenoeeie?ie, iai?yie
a?ae?ia?ao?? oa ?? aeaee, iiaeyaee a?ae?ia?ao?a oiai /ano, a o./. e
ae?y/?a AAO oa IAeEA – Ae.A.Aaeeee, I.?.Naaa?aee, I.?.ssneinueeiai.

?ica?aeiino? o iiaeyaeao aee?aeoi?a OI?E TH.I.Iaaeaiea ? i?aaenoaaiee?a
AAO oa IAeEA I.?.Naaa?aee, N.I.Iinoa?iaea, I.?.ssneinueeiai uiaei
?iciaaeoaaiiy ooieoe?e oeeo onoaiia, iaoiaeieia?? noai?aiiy
Oe?a?inueeiai a?ae?ioa/iiai ?aia?ooa?o (aeae? — OA?) ? aecia/aiiy
iiiyooy “eieaiciaanoai” aena?oeaii o iiiia?ao?? I.A.No??oaiaoeue.

Cia/iee aianie o ?ice?eooy ?noi??? ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueei? a?ae?ia?ao??
c?iaeee I.O.Ei?ieaae/, I.A.Aa?auaiei, A.?.Eiaaeue/oe, ye? ni?eyee
iiaa?iaiith a iaoeo caaooeo ?iai e iioae?eoaaee o na??? “Aeaeaoi? ae?y/?
oe?a?inueei? eieae” a?ia?ao?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?i I.?.ssneinueeiai,
O.I.Iaeneiaiea, N.?.Ianeiaa.

Iaea?eueoo oaaao aeine?aeiee?a i?enay/aii iniaai I.?.ssneinueeiai
(?.?.Ei?iae/ee, O.E.Na?aia, ?.I.Aia/aiei, N.A?oothiiaa) oa
O.I.Iaeneiaiea (N.?.A?eie?iue, I.A.Aoo??i, ?.I.Aia/aiei, ss.?.Aeaoeaae/,
A.E.Iioae/oe). Oai?/?noue Ae.A.Aaeeee aea/aee I.A.Eacaeiaa, N.I.Einye,
C.?.Naa?ia. Ae?yeuei?noue N.?.Ianeiaa ye ea??aieea ani??aio?a AAO oa
OI?E ?icaeyiooi o noaoo? I.A.Nieiinueei?. Aeaye? ieoaiiy ?noi??? IAeEA o
ieai? ?aae?caoe?? ?aea? Iaoe?iiaeueii? a?ae?ioaee Oe?a?ie aena?oeaii o
aeena?oaoe?eiiio aeine?aeaeaii? I.I.Noai/aiei. Aiia aiae?co? neeaae ?
ci?no iniaiaeo oiiae?a ae?y/?a AAO oa ?oi?e aianie o ?icaeoie
A?ae?ioaee. Aei?iaie ae?y/?a IAeEA uiaei noai?aiiy OA? i?iaiae?ciaaii o
ooiaeaiaioaeuei?e noaoo? A.TH.Iiaeue/oea, i?enay/ai?e oai?aoe/iei
ieoaiiyi iaoe?iiaeueii? a?ae?ia?ao??.

Iii?oiee aianie o aeine?aeaeaiiy oaie iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue o AAO
c?iaeee aaoi?e iiiia?ao??, i?enay/aii? ?noi??? OeIA, ui aeeoea ae?oeii
1979 ?. Oi/a a i?e ae?yeuei?noue IAeEA niaoe?aeueii ia aeie?aieth?oueny,
a eeoa ?icaeyaea?oueny o caaaeueiiio eiioaeno? iaoeiai-aeine?aeii?
ae?yeueiino? AAO (?icae?e, iaienaiee E.?.Aieueaeaiaa?aii), aiia ana ae
o?nii iia’yco?oueny c eiioeaioe??th Iaoe?iiaeueii? a?ae?ioaee oa
a?ae?ioaee Aeaaeai?? iaoe.

A?eueo aeineiiaei, c o?aooaaiiyi iiaiai ciaiiy ae?yeuei?noue IAeEA a
eiioaeno? caaaeueii? ?noi??? Iaoe?iiaeueii? a?ae?ioaee Oe?a?ie ?iai?
A.?.Aa?iaaenueeiai ?icaeyiooi a iiiia?ao?? E.A.Aeoa?ia?ii? oa
I.N.Iieuaiei, ui aeeoea ae?oeii 1998 ?.

Ioaea, o niaoe?aeuei?e e?oa?aoo?? aena?oethaaany ia?aaaaeii oai?aoe/iee
aianie aeayeeo ae?y/?a IAeEA ? iaoeiai-aeine?aeia ae?yeuei?noue AAO.
?iaioa IAeEA ?icaeyaeaeany eeoa o caaaeueiiio ieai?. sse ia’?eo
?noi?eei-a?ae?ioaeiciaa/iai aeine?aeaeaiiy IAeEA ia aea/aeany
niaoe?aeueii, oi/a naia aiia caii/aoeoaaea aaaaoi i?ea?iaeueieo ?
ie?aeieo iai?yi?a o a?ae?ioaei- oa a?ae?ia?aoiciaanoa?, a i?aeoe/ieo
noa?ao a?ae?ioa/ii? ni?aae oa a?ae?ia?ao?? ua e aein? ia aena?oeaieo o
a?ae?ioa/i?e iaooe?.

Ca’ycie aeine?aeaeaiiy c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Ia?aia
oaia ?ic?iaeyeany ca?aeii c ieaiii iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ae?yeueiino?
IAOA, a oaeiae o ?aieao i?iaeoo aea?aeaaiiai Oiiaeo ooiaeaiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue I?i?noa?noaa iaoee oa oaoiieia?e Oe?a?ie
“?oeiienii-eieaeia eoeueoo?a Oe?a?ie a noni?eueieo i?ioeanao: nenoaiiee
aiae?c ?noi?e/ii? niaaeueie” (1997-1998).

Aeaea?aeueiith aacith aeine?aeaeaiiy ? a?o?ai? iaoa??aee c oiiae?a
Oeaio?aeueiiai aea?aeaaiiai a?o?ao aeueo i?aai?a aeaaee ? oi?aae?iiy
Oe?a?ie (oiiae Ia?eiiino), ?inoeoooo ?oeiieno Iaoe?iiaeueii? a?ae?ioaee
Oe?a?ie ?iai? A.?.Aa?iaaenueeiai (iniaia? oiiaee N.I.Iinoa?iaea,
N.?.Ianeiaa, I.A.Aaiiaia?a, I.I.Iiiiaa oa ?i.), a?aeii/iai a?o?ao
Iaoe?iiaeueii? a?ae?ioaee ?iai? A.?.Aa?iaaenueeiai. Aeei?enoaii
iioaeeeiaai? i?aoe? i?i ae?yeuei?noue IAeEA, niaoe?aeuei?
aeine?aeaeaiiy, iaoeiai-iaoiae?/i? ?ic?iaee, noaoo? oa iia?aeiieaiiy ca
aanue ia??iae ae?yeueiino? IAeEA.

O?iiieia?/i? ?aiee aeine?aeaeaiiy aecia/athoueny ia??iaeii ?nioaaiiy
Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai ?inoeoooo a?ae?ioaeiciaanoaa, ui aoa noai?aiee ia
a?iiaaenueeeo canaaeao e ia?aoai?aiee o Iaoeiai-aeine?aeio eii?n?th
a?ae?ioaeiciaanoaa oa a?ae?ia?ao??: 1925-1933 ??. ?ai?aai?caoe?y AOAI oa
AAO iai?ee?ioe? 1933 – a?oaei? 1934 ??. oaeoe/ii i?ecaaea aei
e?ea?aeaoe?? IAeEA.

Ia’?eo, i?aaeiao e iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. Ia’?eoii ? IAeEA, ui ?nioaaea
ye naiino?eia ooai?aiiy o neeaae? AAO, i?aaeiaoii — ??
iaoeiai-aeine?aeia, iaoeiai-i?aai?caoe?eia ? iaoeiai-iaaeaaia?/ia
ae?yeuei?noue, ui nooo?ai aieeioea ia ?icaeoie oe?a?inueeiai
a?ae?ioaei-, a?ae?ia?aoi- oa eieaiciaanoaa o 20-o? ?iee OO no. O ?iaio?
aeei?enoaii ii??aiyeueiee, eiie?aoii-?noi?e/iee iaoiaee, caeo/aii oaeiae
niaoe?aeuei? iaoiaeeee ?noi?eei-a?ae?ioaeiciaa/iai aiae?co.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iniiaiith iaoith aeine?aeaeaiiy ?
oa?aeoa?enoeea iaeaaaeeea?oeo aoai?a ? iai?yi?a ae?yeueiino? IAeEA ye
anaoe?a?inueeiai a?ae?ioa/iiai iaoeiaiai oeaio?o o 1925-1933 ??.,
aecia/aiiy ?? aianeo o ?icaeoie a?ae?ioa/ii? ni?aae ? iaoee.

Iniiaieie caaaeaiiyie aeine?aeaeaiiy ?:

— i?iaiae?coaaoe ?noi??ia?ao?th ? aeaea?aeueio aaco c ?noi???
ae?yeueiino? IAeEA oa ?? ie?aieo ae?y/?a;

— aena?oeeoe ia?aaeoiiae canioaaiiy e ?noi??th ooieoe?iioaaiiy IAeEA,
c’ynoaaoe /eiieee, ui aecia/eee ?? ?icaeoie, caiaiaae oa cieuaiiy ye
oeaio?o a?ae?ioaei- oa a?ae?ia?aoiciaa/eo aeine?aeaeaiue a Oe?a?i?;

— anoaiiaeoe canaaeie/? iaoeia? e i?aai?caoe?ei? i?eioeeie, iai?yie
ae?yeueiino?, eiei in?a, ye? i?aoethaaee o neeaae? IAeEA;

— aeine?aeeoe iniaenoee aianie oao?aoe?a a?ae?ioa/ii? ni?aae ? iaoeiaeo
i?aoe?aiee?a o ?icaeoie oai?aoe/ieo canaae a?ae?ioaei- oa
a?ae?ia?aoiciaanoaa, iaa?oiooaaiiy iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? ae?yeueiino? AAO
ye iaoe?iiaeueii? oa aiaeii/an aieiaii? iaoeiai? a?ae?ioaee Oe?a?ie;

— aeyaeoe iai?yie iaoeiai-i?aai?caoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? IAeEA oa ??
iniaeeaino?, ni?a?ia?oieoeoai c iaoeiaeie a?ae?ioaeaie oa
a?ae?ia?ao?/ieie oeaio?aie a Oe?a?i?, i?iaaaeaiiy ni?eueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue a nenoai? AOAI,

— c’ynoaaoe ?ieue iaoeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? ae?yeueiino? IAeEA o ni?aa?
i?aeaioiaee eaae??a aeui? ? na?aaeiuei? eaae?o?eaoe?? aeey iaoeiaeo
a?ae?ioae.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a oiio, ui:

— ?icaeoie ? ae?yeuei?noue IAeEA aiae?co?oueny ia oe?ieiio
aeaea?aeueiiio iaoa??ae?, eio?ee aia?oa cai?iaaaeaeo?oueny aei iaoeiaiai
ia?ao, ui aeicaiey? yeiaeiiai?oa aena?oeeoe ?? ?noi??th a eiioaeno?
nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/ii? ? eoeueoo?ii? neooaoe?? 20-30-o ?ie?a OO no. a
Oe?a?i?;

— cae?enith?oueny eiiieaenia aeine?aeaeaiiy ae?yeueiino? IAeEA oa ??
iniiaieo canaaeie/eo i?eioeei?a, cie?aia i?eioeeio i?aai?/iiai
ii?aeiaiiy oai?aoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue c iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iith ?
oaoiieia?/iith ae?yeuei?noth iaoe?iiaeueii? iaoeiai? a?ae?ioaee, eiee
eiaeiee /eai IAeEA ? aiaeii/an ea??aieeii no?oeoo?iiai i?ae?icae?eo
A?ae?ioaee aai ?? i?ia?aeiei /e aieiaiei oao?aoeai, yeee a?aeiia?aea? ca
iaaio ae?eyieo i?aeoe/ii? ?iaioe a A?ae?ioaoe?, ui e iinueiaiaei?
caeeoa?oueny oi?eaeueiei aeina?aeii i?aai?caoe?? a?ae?ioaeiciaa/eo
aeine?aeaeaiue;

— ?ice?eaa?oueny iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ia ?ieue IAeEA oa ?? /eai?a o ?ic?iaoe?
i?aeoe/ieo ieoaiue noai?aiiy iaoe?iiaeueiiai a?ae?ioa/iiai eieaeeiaiai
oa ?oeiieniiai oiiae?a, i?aai?caoe?? ?oiueiai cae?aiiy, caa??aaiiy,
ii?aoethaaiiy, i?aeaioiaee aeia?aeeiaiai aia?aoo, ei?enooaaiiy ieie;

— ?icaeyaeathoueny iniiai? iai?yie ae?yeueiino? IAeEA ye aieiaiiai
anaoe?a?inueeiai iaoeiaiai oeaio?o a aaeoc? a?ae?ioaeiciaanoaa oa
a?ae?ia?ao??, iieaco?oueny ?? ie?aeia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ia oa
iaoeiai-aeine?aeia ?iaioa a aaeoc? a?ae?ioaeiciaanoaa, iaoe?iiaeueii?
a?ae?ia?ao??, ?noi??? ? oai??? eieae, i?aai?caoe?? iaoeiaeo
eiioa?aioe?e, ia?aae, aeoeaiiai iaaiai?aiiy aeooaeueieo ieoaiue
a?ae?ioa/ii? ni?aae ? iaoee;

— ?ice?eaathoueny oi?ie ? iaoiaee iaoeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? ae?yeueiino?,
i?aai?caoe?? ani??aioo?e ? eo?n?a, ?ic?iaee oeeee?a eaeoe?e c
o?aooaaiiyi na?oiaiai oa iaoe?iiaeueiiai aeina?aeo;

— aena?oeththoueny ?aaeuei? i?e/eie caiaiaaeo ? ci?ie iai?yi?a, oi?i ?
ci?noo ae?yeueiino? IAeEA o 1930-1933 ??., i?inoaaeo?oueny aeiey
aeaeaoieo a?ae?ioaeiciaaoe?a oa a?ae?ia?ao?a o /ane iie?oe/ieo ?ai?an?e.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeena?oaoe?.? iieyaa? a oiio, ui iaoa??aee
aeine?aeaeaiiy, aeeiiaiiai ia iniia? cia/ii? aeaea?aeueii? aace, aia?oa
cai?iaaaeaeothoue aei iaoeiaiai ia?ao a?o?ai? aeieoiaioe c ?noi???
i?aai?caoe?? IAeEA AAO, iniiaieo iai?yi?a ?? ?iaioe, ae?yeueiino?
a/aieo-a?ae?ioaeiciaaoe?a ? a?ae?ia?ao?a oa ?oiueiai aianeo a ?icaeoie
a?ae?ioa/ii? iaoee a Oe?a?i?.

Aeieoiaioe iniaiaeo oiiae?a ae?y/?a IAeEA, a?aeii/iai a?o?ao
Iaoe?iiaeueii? a?ae?ioaee ?iai? A.A.Aa?iaaenueeiai (aeae? – IAOA)
aeicaieythoue caiiaieoe i?iaaeeie o a?aeoai?aii? ?noi??? a?ae?ioa/ii?
ni?aae a Oe?a?i??, cie?aia, ?noi??? IAOA.

Iaoa??aee aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoaieie aeey i?aeaioiaee
iniiaieo ? niaoe?aeueieo eo?n?a eaeoe?e c ?noi??? a?ae?ioa/ii? ni?aae,
a?ae?ioaei-, a?ae?ia?aoi- ? eieaiciaanoaa o i?io?eueieo aocao ? ia
eo?nao i?aeaeuaiiy eaae?o?eaoe?? i?aoe?aiee?a eoeueoo?e.

Ai?iaaoe?y aeine?aeaeaiiy Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy ai?iaiaai?
ia i?aeia?iaeieo ? ?anioae?eainueeeo eiioa?aioe?yo: “A?ae?ioaea o
aeaiie?aoe/iiio noni?euenoa?: I?aeia?. iaoe. eiio., Ee?a, 21-23
eenoiiaaea 1995 ?.”; “A?ae?ioa/ii-a?ae?ia?ao?/i? eeaneo?eaoe?? oa
?ioi?iaoe?eii-iiooeia? nenoaie” (I?aeia?. iaoe. eiio., Ee?a, 10-12
aeiaoiy 1995 ?.); “I?iaeaie aaeineiiaeaiiy eaoaeia?a iaoeiaeo a?ae?ioae”
(I?aeia?.iaoe. eiio., Ee?a, 14-17 aeiaoiy 1997 ?.); “?ioi?iaoe?eia
ae?yeuei?noue iaoeiai? a?ae?ioaee” (I?aeia?. iaoe. eiio., Ee?a, 13-16
aeiaoiy 1998 ?.), a oaeiae o naie ioae?eaoe?yo.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, /ioe?ueio
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a ? aeiaeaoe?a. Ianya aeena?oaoe?? 180 noi??iie.
Nienie aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e oa a?o?aieo aeaea?ae neeaaea? 619
iaeiaioaaiue.

Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe??. O anooi? iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue
ia?aii? oaie, aecia/a?oueny noai ?? iaoeiai? ?ic?iaee ? iniiai?
aeaea?aea aea/aiiy, oi?ioeth?oueny iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy,
iaoeiaa iiaecia, i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? “Iaoeiaa ae?yeuei?noue Anaia?iaeii? a?ae?ioaee
Oe?a?ie (1918-1925): oi?ioaaiiy eiioeaioe??. Ia?aaeoiiae noai?aiiy oa
caii/aoeoaaiiy Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai ?inoeoooo a?ae?ioaeiciaanoaa”
i?iaiae?ciaaii aeaea?aea, a yeeo eoeiny i?i ?noi??th noai?aiiy oa ie?ai?
iai?yie ae?yeueiino? IAe?A oa IAeEA Anaia?iaeii? a?ae?ioaee Oe?a?ie,
iniaenoee iaoeiaee aei?iaie ?? ae?y/?a, ?icaeyiooi canaaee a?ae?ioaei-
oa a?ae?ia?aoiciaa/eo aeine?aeaeaiue o AAO, i?aai?caoe?th e iniiai?
iai?yie ae?yeueiino? IAe?A.

Ia aeoieo ?? ooiaeaoi??a, Iaoe?iiaeueia a?ae?ioaea iaea nie?aoeny o
nai?e ae?yeueiino? ia aeinyaiaiiy na?oiai? a?ae?ioaeiciaa/i? iaoee, c
iaeiiai aieo, ? ia aeani? iaoeiai-aeine?aei? ?ic?iaee — c ae?oaiai.
Iaeiei c iaeaaaeeea?oeo caaaeaiue A?ae?ioaee, noi?ioeueiaaieo o Noaooo?
?? caniiaieeaie, aoei noai?aiiy iaoe?iiaeueiiai a?ae?ioa/iiai
eieaeeiaiai ? ?oeiieniiai oiiae?a, i?aai?caoe?y cae?aiiy, caa??aaiiy,
ei?enooaaiiy, a oaeiae i?iaaaeaiiy iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? ?
iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe a aaeoc? a?ae?ioaeiciaanoaa, iaoe?iiaeueii?
a?ae?ia?ao??, ?noi??? oa oai??? eieae, — niaoe?aeueieo iaoeiaeo
caaaeaiue AAO ye anaoe?a?inueeiai a?ae?ioa/iiai oeaio?o.

Aeina?ae ia?oeo ?ie?a i?aai?caoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? A?ae?ioaee
(1918-1923) cae?aiiy oiiae?a, ?oiueiai ia?aeiiiai ii?aoethaaiiy aeia?a
iaiao?aei?noue noai?aiiy oeaio?o, ui eii?aeeioaaa ae a?ae?ioa/io oa
a?ae?ia?ao?/io ?iaioo iaoeiaeo a?ae?ioae Oe?a?ie, ni?eya ?icaycaiith
ni?eueieo i?iaeai.

I?ney aeaoaeueiiai iaaiai?aiiy, ni?a?ia?oieee AAO ae?eoee aeniiaeo, ui
eiai i?aai?caoe?y iiaeeeaa eeoa ia aac? Anaia?iaeii? a?ae?ioaee Oe?a?ie
ye aeciaii? iaoe?iiaeueii? a?ae?ioaee, yea iaea aaeeeee oi?aa?naeueiee
iaoeiaee oiiae, ?icaeiaio no?oeoo?o, aeoioethaaea o nai?io neeaae?
i?oeiee eieaeoea oao?aoe?a. Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee ?inoeooo ia aac?
A?ae?ioaee, aoaeo/e iiaith i?aai?caoe?eiith oi?iith, iiaeiai aoa
ii?aeiaoe on? ia?aaaae aaeeei? iaoeiai? a?ae?ioaee ? aeine?aeii?
onoaiiae.

Ia ia?aae? ?i?oe?aoeaii? a?oie o aa?aci? 1925 ?. aoei ooaaeaii
i?aai?coaaoe ia a?iiaaenueeeo canaaeao ia’?aeiaiiy i?ae iacaith
“Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee ?inoeooo a?ae?ioaeiciaanoaa i?e AAO” aeey
eieaeoeaiiai i?iaaaeaiiy iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue c i?iaeai
a?ae?ioaeiciaanoaa.

Iaeiei c ia?oeo iane?aee?a ae?yeueiino? iiainoai?aiiai ?inoeoooo aoea
i?aai?caoe?y ca ?i?oe?aoeaith AAO ? ae?y/?a IAe?A Ia?oi? eiioa?aioe??
iaoeiaeo a?ae?ioae Oe?a?ie oa ?? i?iaaaeaiiy a a?oaei? 1925 ?. o
i?ei?uaii? A?ae?ioaee. Iaaiai?eaoe iniiai? i?iaeaie ae?yeueiino?
iaoeiaeo a?ae?ioae, o/anieee eiioa?aioe?? i?aeo?eiaee caaaeuei?
i?aeoiaee ? i?aeoaa?aeeee i?ia?aeio iiceoe?th AAO o ?icaeoeo iaoeiai?
ae?yeueiino? oa i?aai?caoe?? IAe?A ye aieiaiiai ina?aaeeo a?ae?ioa/ii?
iaoee a Oe?a?i?.

Oaea o n?/i? 1926 ?. I?aceae?y IAe?A ia nai?o can?aeaiiyo ?icaeyioea
?aciethoe?? Eiioa?aioe??, aeie?aieea ia?oi/a?aia? i?iaeaie, na?aae ieo
neeaaeaiiy oe?a?iiciaa/iai a?ae?ia?ao?/iiai ?aia?ooa?o ? a?ae?ia?ao?/ii?
?iaioe a iaoeiaeo a?ae?ioaeao, i?aeaioiaee iaoeiaeo ?ia?oiee?a
a?ae?ioaeiciaanoaa e eaae?o?eiaaiiai a?ae?ioa/iiai ia?niiaeo,
eaoaeia?ao??, i?aaeiaoiiai eaoaeiao; aecia/eea ni?a?ia?oiee?a, ia yeeo
iieeaaeaeanue ia?niiaeueia a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue ca ?oi? ae??oaiiy, aeey
/iai oe? ieoaiiy iaee aooe aeeth/ai? aei caaaeueiiai ieaio ?iaioe AAO ?
IAe?A.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “Iaoeiai-aeine?aeia eii?n?y a?ae?ioaeiciaanoaa oa
a?ae?ia?ao?? o 1926-1929 ??. Noai?aiiy A?ae?ia?ao?/ii? eii?n?? AOAI”
i?iaiae?ciaaii ae?yeuei?noue IAeEA o iaeaeoeai?oee ia??iae ??
ae?yeueiino?, a?aeaeoi oai?aoe/iee oa i?aeoe/iee aianie ?? ae?y/?a o
?icaeoie a?ae?ioa/ii? ni?aae a Oe?a?i?.

Ca ?icii?yaeaeaiiyi Oe?iaoee a?ae 12 eeiiy 1926 ?. ?inoeooo
a?ae?ioaeiciaanoaa aoei ia?aeiaiiaaii o Iaoeiai-aeine?aeio eii?n?th
a?ae?ioaeiciaanoaa oa a?ae?ia?ao?? (IAeEA). ?aaea AAO ia can?aeaii? 22
ethoiai 1927 ?. caoaa?aeeea Noaooo HAeEA, ui cae??iea ca iath on?
iiaiiaaaeaiiy oa ooieoe?? ?ai?oa noai?aiiai ?inoeoooo.

Ca Noaoooii ia IAeEA iieeaaeaeany ?iaioa a aaeoc? a?ae?ioaeiciaanoaa oa
a?ae?ia?ao??, a oaeiae nii??aeiaieo ? aeiiii?aeieo aeenoeeie?i.
Iniiaieie caaaeaiiyie aecia/aii: a) ianeoaiaoaaiiy iaoeiaeo iio?aa AAO;
a) ni?eyiiy ?icaeoeia? a?ae?ioa/ii? oa a?ae?ia?ao?/ii? ni?aae a ON??.

O ?aieao ie?aneaiiai ianyao e caaaeaiue aeciaii o?e iniiai? ooieoe??
IAeEA: iaoeiai-i?aai?caoe?eio, iaoeiai-iaaeaaia?/io oa
iaoeiai-aeine?aeio. I?aai?caoe?eia no?oeoo?a IAeEA neeaaeaeany c
Ieaioio, I?aceae??, naeoe?e oa eii?n?e c ie?aieo ieoaiue. Aoei noai?aii
aea? naeoe?? — a?ae?ioaeiciaanoaa ? a?ae?ia?ao??. 1928 ?. caii/aoeiaaii
naeoe?th eieaiei?enooaaiiy. 1929 ?. ieaioaaeiny ?icii/aoe ?iaioo naeoe??
III.

Can?aeaiiy Eii?n?? aoee ia?aaaaeii a?aee?eoiai (“i?eethaeiiai”)
oa?aeoa?o, ia ieo cai?iooaaeeny a?ae?ioa/i? oao?aoe? c iaoeiaeo
a?ae?ioae ? nii??aeiaieo i?aai?caoe?e. Ni?a?ia?oieee ?ioeo onoaiia
aeeth/aeeny e aei neeaaeo IAeEA aeey a?eueo i?aaenoaaieoeueei? o/ano? a
?? ?iaio? caoe?eaaeaieo oao?aoe?a c a?ae?ioa/ii? ni?aae oa a?ae?ia?ao??.
AAO iaiaaaeany aeei?enoiaoaaoe ananithcio o?eaoio, a?aoe o/anoue
a?ae?ioa/ieo oa a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo ia?aaeao ??cieo ??ai?a.

?acoeueoaoii iai?oaeaii? ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? e eieaeoeaii? ?iaioe /eai?a
IAeEA noaee ia eeoa ii?eethaeiai? aeiiia?ae?, noai?thaaeiny iaoeiaa
i?aea?oioy aeey aeeiiaiiy caaaeaiue Haoe?iiaeueii? a?ae?ioaee o
anaoe?a?inueeiio ianooaa?, iaaeaaaeany aeiiiiiaa o ae??oaii? caaaeaiue
a?ae?ioa/ii? ni?aae ? a?ae?ia?ao?? aeey an??? Oe?a?ie, ui ni?eyea ??
aeoeaiiio ?icaeoeia?.

O oiae? ?aae?caoe?? ?aciethoe?? Ia?oi? eiioa?aioe?? iaoeiaeo a?ae?ioae
ON?? i?i noai?aiiy Eii?n?? aeey ?ic?iaee iniiaieo ieoaiue i?aai?caoe??
oa eii?aeeiaoe?? ?ia?o c? neeaaeaiiy OA?, eaoaeia?ao?/ii? ?ino?oeoe??
oiui, aeieea? i?aeo?eiaia Oe?iaoeith ?aeay noai?aiiy i?e AOAI
anaoe?a?inueei? A?ae?ia?ao?/ii? eii?n?? (aeae? — AE).

11-14 ea?oiy 1927 ?. o Ee?a?, a i?ei?uaii? AAO a?aeaoany Ia?oee ieaioi
AE AOAI. Ni?a?ia?oieee IAeEA acyee aeoeaio o/anoue o noai?aii? Eii?n??,
?aaeaaoaaii? iieiaeaiiy i?i ?? ?iaioo, neeaee i?iaeo ieaioio, caiaeii
caoaa?aeaeaiee i?aai?caoe?eiith ia?aaeith, e i?aaenoaaeee i’youe c
ainueie aeiiia?aeae.

AE ii?aeiaea i?ia?aeieo oao?aoe?a ??cieo onoaiia ? a?aeiinoa Oe?a?ie.
I?ia?aeia ?ieue ae?y/?a IAeEA a ?ioi?iaoe?eiiio, iaoeiai-iaoiaee/iiio ?
iaoeiai-oai?aoe/iiio caaacia/aii? i?iaeai noai?aiiy iaoe?iiaeueii?
a?ae?ia?ao?? i?inoaaeo?oueny ca ?acoeueoaoaie ?? ?iaioe, cia/io /anoeio
yei?, a o./. e i?iaeo OA?, aeeiiaii naia i?aoe?aieeaie A?ae?ioaee.

Ca ?i?oe?aoeaith ? aeoeaiith o/anoth /eai?a IAeEA, aoei oaeiae
i?aai?ciaaii e i?iaaaeaii Ia?oee ieaioi Eaoaeia?ao?/ii? eii?n?? aeey
?ic?iaee ?aeeii? eaoaeia?ao?/ii? ?ino?oeoe??.

Ia?ae?e aeiiia?aeae, iaaaaeaiee o ?icae?e?, aeicaiey? neeanoe oyaeaiiy
i?i i?iaeaie a?ae?ioa/ii? oa a?ae?ia?ao?/ii? oai??? e i?aeoeee, ui
?ic?iaeyeeny /eaiaie eii?n??. Aiia ?aaeueii aeeiioaaea ooieoe??
iaoeiaiai oeaio?o a?ae?ioaeiciaanoaa oa a?ae?ia?ao?? ia eeoa na?aae
iaoeiaeo a?ae?ioae, a e a?ae?ioae oe?ei? Oe?a?ie.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? “Ia?ai???ioaoe?y ae?yeueiino? IAeEA o 1929-1933
??.” i?iaiae?ciaaii noai a?ae?ioa/ii? ni?aae a ON?? iai?ee?ioe? 20-o
?ie?a, ?icaeyiooi aieea caaaeueii? a?ae?ioa/ii? iie?oeee ia
ae?yeuei?noue Anaia?iaeii? a?ae?ioaee Oe?a?i? oa IAeEA ye ??
no?oeoo?iiai i?ae?icae?eo.

Iinoaiiae OeE AEI(a) oa OeE EI(a)O e?ioey 1928-1929 ??. ni?e/eieee
?aoi?io a?ae?ioa/ieo onoaiia, a o./. e iaoeiaeo a?ae?ioae. AAO
aoyao?oueny a caaaeueiee i?ioean ?aeaieia?/ii? ia?aaoaeiae noni?euenoaa.

IAeEA ia oie iiiaio iaea i?oeiee, aenieii?ioan?eiee neeaae oao?aoe?a,
caeaoiee ae??ooaaoe iaeneeaaei?o? caaaeaiiy a?ae?ioa/ii? oai??? ?
i?aeoeee. Na?aae ?? /eai?a aoee iaea?aeii?o? o iao /an ae?y/?
a?ae?ioa/ii? ni?aae ? aeaeaoi? a/ai?: N.I.Iinoa?iae, I.?.ssneinueeee,
I.?.Naaa?aea, N.?.Ianeia, A.O.?aaieoeueeee, Ae.A.Aaeeea, A.?.Caeaiaae/,
O.I.Iaeneiaiei, I.?.Ea?ieinueea, A.I.Eiceianueeee, I.A.I?nei?nueea,
I.?.Iieoeyo oa ?io? oao?aoe?, ye? i?aoethaaee o A?ae?ioaoe?.

Ia 1929/1930 ?. aoei caieaiiaaii aeine?aeaeaiiy c ieoaiue
a?ae?ioaeiciaanoaa, a?ae?ia?ao??, eieaiei?enooaaiiy, ia?aaeaa/aany
iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie iaoeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? ?iaioe. ?acii c oei,
iie?oe/ia neooaoe?y a Oe?a?i? noaea aaea iani?eyoeeaith aeey iaoeiai?
ae?yeueiino? o eiioaeno? i?aeoiae?a, ui aoee cai?iiiiiaai? a/aieie AAO.

Iai?ee?ioe? 1928 ?. o aacao? “I?ieaoa?nueea i?aaaea” c’yaeeeny noaoo?,
ui iaee ia iao? aeene?aaeeoaoe?th ae?yeueiino? AAO oa ?? ea??aieoeoaa.
A?ae?ioaea caeioaa/oaaeanue o a?aenooiino? ?aeaieia?/ieo i?aeoiae?a aei
ii?aoethaaiiy oiiae?a, noai?aiiy eaoaeia?a, iaaeinoaoiueiio ca’yceo ?c
caaaeaiiyie nioe?ae?noe/iiai aoae?aieoeoaa, a iaeaieiai?oa – iayaiino?
eaae??a c aeooiaiith ina?oith i?e “?aii?oaaii? o i?eeii? ia ?iaioo
eiioi?no?a ? eiiniiieueoe?a”, ui ?icoe?ithaaeiny ye i?ioeae?y
io?oe?eiiio eo?no ia?o?? oa ?aaeyinueei? aeaaee (1928 ?. o AAO
i?aoethaaee aeaa’youe in?a c aeooiaiith ina?oith ? aeo?aeoe? c n?iae
aeooiaieo in?a). I?aai?co?oueny eii?n?y AOAI i?ae aieiaoaaiiyi aeaae.
E.A.Aiaeiai, ui i?aoethaaea o?e i?nyoe?. A oe?eiio ?? aeniiaee aoee
ni?eyoeeaeie aeey AAO, oi/ a?aei?/aeeny e iacia/i? iaaeie?ee. Eii?n?y
aenoioea ?yae i?iiiceoe?e uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy ae?yeueiino? AAO,
cie?aia, eaoaeia?caoe??, ianeoaiaoaaiiy /eoa/?a, ?ici?uaiiy oiiae?a
oiui. ?yae iaaeie?e?a o ae?yeueiino? A?ae?ioaee oe?eeii ni?aaaaeeeai
aoei iiyniaii ia’?eoeaieie o?oaeiiuaie.

Ni?eueia c?a?aiiy AOAI 11 ethoiai 1929 ?., aea aenooieee
a?oea-i?aceaeaio AOAI aeaae. E.A.Aiaeee oa aee?aeoi? AAO N.I.Iinoa?iae,
noaaeeei iane?aeee ae?yeueiino? Eii?n?? oa a oe?eiio AAO. I?eoeeuei?noue
Eii?n?? aei AAO oa i?aeo?eiea N.I.Iinoa?iaea aoee i/aaeaeieie, ui ia
iiaei ia ?icae?aooaaoe Oe?iaoeo, aaea i???ioiaaio ia ?aoi?io AAO.

O aeiaoi?-eenoiiaae? 1929 ?. Ee?anueeee aea?aeo?ieiio?ieue i?ia?a
niaoe?aeueio ?aa?c?th o?iainiai-ainiiaea?/i? ae?yeueiino? AAO.
Aiane?aeie ia?aa??ee, o aeiaoi? 1929 ?. N.I. Iinoa?iaea ca?eueiaii c
iinaaee. Aeey i?aee??ieaiiy ?acoeueoao?a ia?aa??ee i?aai?ciaaii O?yaeiao
eii?n?th. I?ae /an o?yaeiaiai ianoaaeaiiy ?aa?c?th ?oeiienieo oiiae?a
i?iaaaeaii niaoe?aeueiith eii?n??th i?ae aieiaoaaiiyi Eai?inueeiai, a
i?ney ia? — o?iainiao, a ii/anoe e oaoiao ?iaioo AAO ia?aa??yea
niaoe?aeueia a?eaaaea ?ia?oie/i-naeyinueei? ?iniaeoe??.

O?yaeiaa eii?n?y i?aoethaaea ai?iaeiaae o?ueio i?nyoe?a. Aeniiaee ??
aoee ieu?aieie e iineee iie?oe/iee oa?aeoa?.

Iiaiiio ?ica?iio i?aeaeaaaeany iaoeiai-aeine?aeia ?iaioa IAeEA, yea
ia?aa??yeany a?oiith i?ae ea??aieoeoaii A.I.ss?aiaiea. Iacaaeath/e ia
oa, ui naiee oaeo noai?aiiy ?aeeiiai a ON?? ina?aaeea aeey iaoeiaiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeai a?ae?ioaeiciaanoaa, a oaeiae ?aoaeueio, a ?iiae?
e naiia?aeaeaio ?iaioo IAeEA oa ie?aieo ?? /eai?a, ?icaeiaio aeaeaaie/o
ae?yeuei?noue ioe?iaii iiceoeaii, aoei c?iaeaii ni?iae ?ica?iio
iaoiaeieia?/ii? ni?yiiaaiino? aeine?aeaeaiue. Cie?aia, e?eoeoe?
i?aeaeaeiny iiiyooy ia’?eoa iaoeiai? ?iaioe, ui aeania e aoei iniiaiei
a?oioii iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ae?yeueiino? IAeEA.

E?eoeoe? i?aeaeaii e iaoeiai-i?aai?caoe?eio ae?yeuei?noue IAeEA,
ia?aaeon?i, ?iciiae?e iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue ca naeoe?yie
a?ae?ioaeiciaanoaa ? eieaiei?enooaaiiy.

Iniiaiee aeniiaie i?yii aeacoaaa ia ?aeaieia?/iee ci?no i?aoaic?e
Eii?n??: “HAeEA ia coi?ea a?aeiia?aeii ni?yioaaoe e naith ?iaioo, e
?ioa?ane nai?o /eai?a, uia ?oi? ?iaeea?aeoaeuei? ?iaioe a?eueoa
a?aeiia?aeaee aeiiaai no/aniiai nioe?ae?noe/iiai eoeueoo?iiai
aoae?aieoeoaa e no/ani?e ?ie? a?ae?ioaee a ?aeiino?oeoeaiiio i?ioean?”
(A?o?a IAOA, ii.1, ni?.278a, a?e.26.).

1930 ?. o A?ae?ioaoe? oa IAeEA oaea ia i?aoethaaee N.I.Iinoa?iae,
Ae.A.Aaeeea, I.O.Oa?eaoeueeee, aeaye? ?io? ae?y/? IAeEA — oai?aoeee
a?ae?ioaei- oa a?ae?ia?aoiciaanoaa. C? neeaaeo IAeEA oa AE AOAI aoei
aeaaaeaii TH.I.Iaaeaiea. Aee?aeoi?ii AAO i?ecia/aii I.I.Ieeieaiea, eiai
canooiieeii oa aieiaith IAeEA – A.I.ss?aiaiea.

Ca?eueiaiiy ea??aiiai neeaaeo oa i?ecia/aiiy iiaiai aee?aeoi?a ca
aeniiaeaie eii?n?e noaei iiooiaoii aei ?aeaieia?caoe?? onoaiiae,
ni?e/eieei ?ai?an?? uiaei i?ia?aeieo niaoe?ae?no?a Anaia?iaeii?
a?ae?ioaee Oe?a?ie, i?eieaeaiiy caeiaooe?a iiia?aaei?o ?ie?a o ?icaeoeo
a?ae?ioaeiciaanoaa, eieaiciaanoaa oa a?ae?ia?ao??, ia?aoai?aiiy AAO c
a?ae?ioaee na?oiaiai ??aiy ia caaaeueii?aaeyinueeo a?ae?ioaeo.

Ii/eiath/e c 1931 ?. Anaia?iaeia a?ae?ioaea Oe?a?ie iinooiiai ci?ith?
eiioeaiooaeuei? iiaeyaee ia iniiaiee ci?no a?ae?ioa/ii?,
iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? oa iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ii? ae?yeueiino?, ni?yiiao? naith
a?ae?ioa/io oa a?ae?ia?ao?/io ?iaioo ia neoaeao nioe?ae?noe/iiio
aoae?aieoeoao.

O aeena?oaoe?? ca oaiaoeeith aeine?aeaeaiue i?inoaaeaii, ye a?aeaoaaeeny
ci?ie o ci?no? oa iai?yiao ae?yeueiino? IAeEA oi?iaeiaae 1931 ?.
I?aoethaaei aea? naeoe?? – a?ae?ioaeiciaanoaa e a?ae?ia?ao??,
ine?eueee i?ney e?eoeee o?yaeiai? eii?n?? naeoe?? eieaiei?enooaaiiy ia
aoei ia?aaeaa/aii a iiaiio ooaoiiio ?icien?. Ia aoei noai?aii, ye
ieaioaaeiny ?ai?oa, e iiai? naeoe?? c III. C eieaiciaa/eo ieoaiue aei
ieaio aeeth/aeeny eeoa o?, ui iaee caaaeueiee ?ioa?an ? iia’ycoaaeeny c
eiie?aoiith ?iaioith ie?aieo a?aeae?e?a AAO.

1931 ??e iiaeia iacaaoe ia?aeiiiei o ae?yeueiino? AAO oa IAeEA.
?icai?oa?oueny na??y aeeneon?e o e?oa?aoo?iciaanoa?, ?noi?e/i?e iaooe?,
o?einio??. Ia iieioee oe? iiae?? e eieaiciaanoai. Iaaani? 1931 ?. ca
?i?oe?aoeaith Oiaa?enoaa aieiaie/eo iaoa??ae?no?a o AOAI i?aai?ciaaii
aeeneon?th c i?eaiaeo ?aeaieia?/ii? ai?ioueae ia eieaiciaa/iio o?iio?.
?? i?aeo?eiaii ia Anaoe?a?inuee?e a?ae?ia?ao?/i?e ia?aae?, neeeeai?e
oiai ae ?ieo. E?eoeoe? aoei i?aeaeaii ye caaaeuei? iai?yie ?icaeoeo
eieaiciaanoaa oa a?ae?ia?ao??, oae ? ie?aieo a/aieo-eieaiciaaoe?a.
Ia?eoaie e?eoeee E.A.Aeiaaaiy, yeee oaeoe/ii i/ie?a oeth eaiiai?th a
Oe?a?i?, noaee ni?a?ia?oieee AAO ? e?aea?e IAeEA, cie?aia, I.?.
ssneinueeee, I.?. Naaa?aea, Ae.A.Aaeeea, a oaeiae i?aeoe/ii any
ae?yeuei?noue IAeEA.

?yae can?aeaiue Ieaioio IAeEA iai?ee?ioe? 1931 – ia ii/aoeo 1932 ?. aoei
i?enay/aii aiae?co iiia?aaeiuei? ?iaioe AAO a “na?oe?
ae?aeaeoe/ii-iaoa??ae?noe/ii? iaoiaeieia??”. ?c “aeciaiiyi ?aeaieia?/ieo
iiieeie” aeiaaeinue aenooieoe ea??aiiio neeaaeo IAeEA. Aeaeaoi? a/ai?,
aenieieaae?o?eiaai? niaoe?ae?noe ciooai? aoee ioathaaoe naith
iiia?aaeith ?iaioo oa ia?oeyoe «iiaioaaoe ia?eni-aiaaeueniao
ae?aeaeoeeo». I?ney a?aeiiae aeciaoe iiieeee o nai?e ?iaio? caeeoa? AAO
Ieeiea Naaa?aea.

Oi?iaeiaae 1933 ?. ca?eueiaii c ?iaioe iiiaae 40 ni?a?ia?oiee?a
A?ae?ioaee. A?eueo?noue c ieo noaiiaeee aeoeai? /eaie IAeEA. O aeiaoi?
1933 ?. ea??aieoeoai AAO oa ?? iaoeiaee neeaae i?aeoe/ii iiai?noth
ci?iaii.

O iiaeo noaoooao 1934-36 ??. o no?oeoo?? A?ae?ioaee Iaoeiai-aeine?aeii?
eii?n?? a?ae?ioaeiciaanoaa oa a?ae?ia?ao?? aaea ia aoei. E?ea?aeaoe?y
IAeEA ye oeaio?a iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? iaoeiai-i?aai?caoe?eii? oa
iaoeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? ?iaioe o AAO ? Oe?a?i? nooo?ai aieeioea ia
iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie oe?a?inueei? a?ae?ioa/ii? iaoee.

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? aeena?oaoe?? “Iaoeiai-iaaeaaia?/ia ae?yeuei?noue
IAeEA” eaeaoueny i?i i?aai?caoe?th i?e AAO neeaie ni?a?ia?oiee?a IAeEA
nenoaie i?aeaioiaee aeuiai ? na?aaeiueiai a?ae?ioa/iiai ia?niiaeo.

O 1923-1924 ??. A.O.?aaieoeueeee oa noa?o? a?ae?ioaea?? AAO, caeo/ai?
aei aea/aiiy aeina?aeo i?aai?caoe?? ? ae?yeueiino? iaoe?iiaeueieo
a?ae?ioae, oaaaeii i?iaiae?coaaee aeina?ae e iaeiioe?ai?o? oi?ie
i?aeaioiaee iaoeiaeo eaae??a o ?in?? oa ia Caoiae?. Aeoiaey/e ?c
caaaeaiue Iaoe?iiaeueii? a?ae?ioaee, ye? aeiaaaee noai?aiiy iaoeiaeo
canaae i?aai?caoe?? a?ae?ioa/ii? ae?yeueiino?, AAO coieieeany ia
?inoeooo? ani??aioo?e ye niaoe?aeuei?e oi?i? i?aeaioiaee iaoeiaiai
ia?niiaeo.

Ia can?aeaii? ?aaee AAO a?ae 8 a?oaeiy 1925 ?. eieaeoeaieie con?eeyie
?ic?iaeaii i?iaeo aeiia aei ani??aio?a ? iaieioaiiy i?i i’youe i?noeue
aeey ani??aio?a AAO. Aea c iaeyaeo ia aaaeeea?noue ieoaiiy a oe?eiio
aeey Oe?a?ie, caoe?eaaeai?noue o iueiio ?ioeo iaoeiaeo a?ae?ioae,
ia?aoo?, ia oa, ui aeo?ae, cai?iiiiiaaiee AAO, aoa iiaei aeey
a?ae?ioa/ieo i?aoe?aiee?a, ooaaeaii aeianoe oea ieoaiiy ia ?icaeyae
Ia?oi? eiioa?aioe?? iaoeiaeo a?ae?ioae Oe?a?ie.

Ia eiioa?aioe?? aoei caneooaii e iaaiai?aii a?oioiaio aeiiia?aeue
canooiieea aee?aeoi?a AAO A.O.?aaieoeueeiai “Iaoeiai-aeine?aeia i?aoey a
aaeoc? a?ae?ioaeiciaanoaa oa a?ae?ia?aoiciaanoaa o ca’yceo c
i?aeaiooaaiiyi a?ae?ioaea??a oa anoaiiaeaiiyi ani??aioo?e i?e iaoeiaeo
a?ae?ioaeao”. Na?eicieo caia?a/aiue i?ioe ?inoeoooo a?ae?ioa/ii?
ani??aioo?e ia eiioa?aioe?? aeneiaeaii ia aoei, e i?iiiceoe?th AAO
i?aeo?eiaii iaeaea iaeiiaieinii.

I?ci?oa ni?a?ia?oieeaie A?ae?ioaee ae?iaeaii i?iaeo “Iieiaeaiiy i?i
ani??aio?a o aaeoc? a?ae?ioaeiciaanoaa oa eieaiciaanoaa”, ui
aeaoae?coaaa caaaeuei? iieiaeaiiy i?i iaoeiai-aeine?aei? eaoaae?e,
i?enoiniaoth/e ?o aei caaaeaiue ? oiia i?aeaioiaee a?ae?ioaea??a aeui?
eaae?o?eaoe??; neeaaeaii caaaeueiee ieai i?aeaioiaee ani??aio?a,
iaaiai?aiee ia can?aeaiiyo IAeEA ? caoaa?aeaeaiee ?aaeith AAO.

I/iethaaoe ?iaioo ani??aio?a iaea ia?aia Eieaa?y ea??aiee?a. Ia?oeie
ani??aioaie Anaia?iaeii? a?ae?ioaee Oe?a?ie 1926 ?. noaee I.A.Aaiiaia?,
A.?.Eieyaea, A.I.Ieeeiaiei oa A.I.*a?iyo?anueea.

Iaoeiai-aeine?aeio ?iaioo ani??aio?a aoei i???ioiaaii ia
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i? iio?aae oe?a?inueei? a?ae?ioa/ii? ni?aae. C
o?aooaaiiyi oeueiai ea??aieee ?iaioith ani??aio?a neeaee aeieeaaei?
i?ia?aie c eiaeiiai oeeeeo, nienee e?oa?aoo?e, ui ne?ae aoei iiaioaaoe
ai?iaeiaae iaa/aiiy, oaie aeey iaaiai?aiiy ia eieiea?oiao ?
eiioa?aioe?yo. O 1926-1933 ??. i?ia?aie, oi?ie oa iaoiaee ?iaioe c
ani??aioaie iaiaeii?aciai ia?aaeyaeaeeny c o?aoiaoaaiiyi aeina?aeo
iiia?aaei?o ?ie?a. O aaeineiiaeaii? iaa/aeueiiai i?ioeano a?aee o/anoue
e nai? ani??aioe.

Ae?yeuei?noue O?yaeiai? eii?n?? 1929-1930 ??., noi?iaiaeaeoaaeanue e
e?eoeeith ?iaioe ani??aioo?e. A iaoeiai-iaaeaaia?/i?e ae?yeueiino?
IAeEA aeyaeaii nooo?a? “aeaoaeoe”, iniiaieie c yeeo aaaaeaeeny
iaoiaeieia?/i? aaaee o aea/aii? a?ae?ioa/ii? ni?aae ye nioe?aeueiiai
i?ioeano ? a?aenooi?noue iiai? aaia?aoe?? iaoeiaoe?a o neeaae?
ani??aio?a. Eii?n?y c?iaeea niaoe?aeuei? aeniiaee noiniaii ?iaioe c
ani??aioaie. I?iiiioaaeiny caa?iooe oaaao ia ca?eueoaiiy iaai?o ca
?aooiie eaae??a i?ieaoa?nueeiai iioiaeaeaiiy. Iane?aeeii ia?aa??ee
?iaioe AAO O?yaeiaith eii?n??th noaea iiaia ia?ai???ioaoe?y iai?yi?a
ae?yeueiino? IAeEA ? iaoeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? cie?aia.

?inoeooo ani??aioo?e Anaia?iaeii? a?ae?ioaee Oe?a?ie ia /ie? c IAeEA iaa
iioaioe?ei? iiaeeeaino? a?ae?a?aoe aaaeeeao ?ieue o oi?ioaaii? iaoeiaeo
eaae??a o aaeoc? a?ae?ioaeiciaanoaa oa a?ae?ia?ao?? a Oe?a?i?. Aea
aeo?ae iinoaiiae OeE AEI(a) “I?i iie?ioaiiy a?ae?ioa/ii? ?iaioe”
(aeiaoaiue 1929 ?.) noaa ii/aoeii iine?aeiaiiai cieuaiiy caeiaooe?a
iaoeiaoe?a AAO oa IAeEA o aaeoc? i?aeaioiaee iaoeiaeo eaae??a.

Iie?oe/i? ?ai?an?? 1929-1933 ??. ni?e/eieee iiaio ci?io eaae?iaiai
neeaaeo A?ae?ioaee, caaee iai?aaoeue coneeey ye ea??aiee?a, oae ?
ani??aio?a AAO. I?ney 1933 ?ieo a?aeiiino? i?i aeieth ani??aioo?e a
aeieoiaioao A?ae?ioaee a?aenooi?, ani??aioo?o neaniaaii.

Ae?oaei iai?yiii iaoeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? ae?yeueiino? IAeEA aoei
noai?aiiy i?e AAO a?ae?ioa/ieo eo?n?a aeey i?aeaioiaee oao?aoe?a
na?aaeiuei? niaoe?aeueii? ina?oe, yeei o nenoai? i?aeaioiaee
eaae?o?eiaaieo eaae??a a?aeaiaeeeiny aaaeeeaa i?noea. O aeena?oaoe?eiiio
aeine?aeaeaii? ?icaeyiooi i?ioean aea/aiiy na?oiaiai aeina?aeo c
oeueiai ieoaiiy oa iinooiiaiai, ii/eiath/e c 1923 ?., cai?iaaaeaeaiiy o
i?aeoeeo AAO oaoiai-a?ae?ioa/ii? ia?ai?aeaioiaee i?aoe?aiee?a /a?ac
aeaayoei?ny/i? eo?ne i?aeoeeaio?a. Oe? eo?ne iaee iaaeaaaoe oai?aoe/io
oa i?aeoe/io i?aeaioiaeo na?aaei?i a?ae?ioa/iei ?ia?oieeai aeey AAO,
iaoeiaeo ? aoc?anueeeo a?ae?ioae Oe?a?ie.

Ianooiiei e?ieii o oeueiio iai?yi? noaea ni?iaa a?aee?eooy i?e
A?ae?ioaoe? aeai??/ieo eo?n?a aeey i?aeaioiaee na?aaeiueiai
a?ae?ioa/iiai ia?niiaeo, i?i ui ea??aieoeoai AAO oa IAeEA aaei
ia?aaiai?e c Oe?iaoeith ai?iaeiaae 1926-1932 ??. Ia a?aee?eoeo
can?aeaiiyo IAeEA oa a ia??iaee/i?e i?an? aoei aeaoaeueii iaaiai?aii
oi?ie ? iaoiaee iaa/aiiy, i?ia?aie aeey eo?naio?a oiui. C ??cieo i?e/ei
(ia?aaaaeii /a?ac a?aenooi?noue aneaioaaiue) eo?ne oae ? ia aoei
a?aee?eoi. sse eiii?ii?niee aa??aio, ea??aieoeoai IAeEA cai?iiiioaaei
oei/aniai aac aeiaeaoeiaeo aneaioaaiue noai?eoe iaeii??/i? a?ae?ioa/i?
eo?ne aeey i?aeaioiaee a?ae?ioa/ieo i?aoe?aiee?a. Oe? eo?ne ?nioaaee a
1926/27 iaa/aeueiiio ?ioe? e io?eiaee iiceoeaio ioe?ieo ye iaeei ?c
cania?a i?aeaioiaee a?ae?ioaea??a na?aaeiuei? eaiee. Aeina?ae ?nioaaiiy
eo?n?a aeaoaeueii i?iaiae?ciaaii Ae.A.Aaeeeith oa I.?.Ea?ieinueeith a
“AEo?iae? a?ae?ioaeiciaanoaa oa a?ae?ia?ao??”.

O ca?oao i?i ?iaioo A?ae?ioaee oa IAeEA ca 1928 ?. ? ?ioi?iaoe?y i?i
?nioaaiiy iaeii??/ieo eo?n?a iaai?o 1927/28 ?. A?aeiiino? i?i ?nioaaiiy
eo?n?a aeey i?aeaioiaee na?aaeiueiai a?ae?ioa/iiai ia?niiaeo i?e AAO,
oi/a a iaeii??/ieo, o ianooii? ?iee a?aenooi?.

Ioaea, ia?a?ni? caaeoiee i?i ae?yeuei?noue aeai??/ieo eo?n?a
a?ae?ioa/ieo i?aoe?aiee?a oae ? ia aoee caoaa?aeaeai? aea?aeaaieie
i?aaiaie. 1932 ?. c aeicaieo IEI i?e A?ae?ioaoe? i?aai?ciaaii eo?ne aeey
i?aeaeuaiiy eaae?o?eaoe?? a?ae?ioa/ieo ?ia?oiee?a AEO?a ? iaoeiaeo
onoaiia i. Ee?aa, aea aiie aaea ae?yee ia i?eoeeiiai ?ioeo canaaeao.

Iniiai? aeniiaee:

1. Iai?yie iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ae?yeueiino? AAO aoee aecia/ai? i?e ??
canioaaii? ye Iaoe?iiaeueii? a?ae?ioaee Oe?a?ie. IAe?A noai?thaaany ye
iaoeiaee oeaio? a?ae?ioaeiciaanoaa caaaeueiioe?a?inueeiai ??aiy.
Iniiaieie caaaeaiiyie A?ae?ioaee ye anaoe?a?inueeiai a?ae?ioa/iiai
oeaio?o, noi?ioeueiaaieie ?? caniiaieeaie 1918 ?., aoee: noai?aiiy
iaoe?iiaeueiiai a?ae?ioa/iiai eieaeeiaiai ? ?oeiieniiai oiiae?a,
i?aai?caoe?y ?oiueiai cae?aiiy, caa??aaiiy, aeei?enoaiiy, a oaeiae
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ia ? iaoeiai-aeine?aeia ?iaioa a aaeoc?
a?ae?ioaeiciaanoaa, iaoe?iiaeueii? a?ae?ia?ao??, ?noi??? oa oai???
eieae. A?ae?ioaea ?icaeyaeaeany ye neeaaeia nenoaia, aea an?
oaoiieia?/i? i?ioeane iaee aooe iia’ycaieie i?ae niaith aeey iaee?auiai
ae??oaiiy oeo caaaeaiue, ui aecia/aeeny ye iniiai? aeey Iaoe?iiaeueii?
a?ae?ioaee.

2. Ia a?aei?io a?ae ?in?? oa ?ioeo e?a?i, eio?? aeey ?ic?iaee
oai?aoe/ieo ieoaiue a?ae?ioa/ii? ni?aae noai?thaaee ie?ai? onoaiiae –
I?aeia?iaeiee a?ae?ia?ao?/iee ?inoeooo (A?thnaeue), ?inoeooo
a?ae?ioaeiciaanoaa (Iineaa), ?inoeooo eieaiciaanoaa (Eai?ia?aae), ia
iia’ycai? no?oeoo?ii c a?ae?ioaeith oa ii/anoe c eieaeieie oiiaeaie, AAO
ianoithaaea aeoieo i?i oa, ui a?oioiai? iaoeiai-aeine?aei? ?ic?iaee o
aaeoc? a?ae?ioaeiciaanoaa oa a?ae?ia?ao?? iaiiaeeeai a?ae?eaaoe a?ae
eaai?aoi??? a?ae?ioaeiciaanoaa, aii??e/ii? aace, yeith aoea
Iaoe?iiaeueia a?ae?ioaea. Oi?eaeueiee aeina?ae noai?aiiy iaoe?iiaeueii?
e iaoeiai? a?ae?ioaee c ??ciiiai?oieie a?aeae?eaie ? oi?iaie ?iaioe,
a?aee?eaaa iiaeeeaino? aeey i?iaaaeaiiy i?ea?iaeueieo e a?oioiaieo
aeine?aeaeaiue o oeeo aaeocyo iaoee.

3. On? iaoeia? aeine?aeaeaiiy iaee neiioeaio?oaaoeny o niaoe?aeueiiio
i?ae?icae?e? A?ae?ioaee, ia?ic?eaii iiaycaiiio c ?? ae?yeuei?noth –
Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiio ?inoeooo? a?ae?ioaeiciaanoaa. Oi/a io?oe?eii aoa
noai?aiee ia ?inoeooo, ui i?i?nioaaa ia aeia?ia?eueieo canaaeao iaiueoa
?ieo, a Eii?n?y c iiaiiaaaeaiiyie iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? no?oeoo?e
anaoe?a?inueeiai cia/aiiy, ?? aoei i?aai?ciaaii ye ni?aaaei?e oeaio?
iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ae?yeueiino? a aaeoc? a?ae?ioaeiciaanoaa oa
a?ae?ia?ao?? aeey AAO e aeey an??? Oe?a?ie. IAeEA a?aee?eea naiino?eiee
iaoeiaee iai?yi o AOAI, aeaeaaaea ae?oeiaai? i?aaie – “A?ae?ioa/iee
ca??iee”, “AEo?iae a?ae?ioaeiciaanoaa oa a?ae?ia?ao??”, aeiaeeany
noaoono iaoeiai? eaoaae?e AOAI.

4. IAeEA ye iaoeiaee i?ae?icae?e AAO eii?aeeioaaea anth
iaoeiai-aeine?aeio ?iaioo A?ae?ioaee. Ia ?? can?aeaiiyo (“i?eethaeieo” ?
cae?eoeo) ?icaeyaeaeeny on? iaoeiai-i?aai?caoe?ei? ieoaiiy, ui oi?eaeeny
A?ae?ioaee a oe?eiio oa ?? a?aeae?e?a, iaoeiaa ?iaioa a?ae?ioa/ieo
oao?aoe?a. Iaoeia? oa iaoiaee/i? ??oaiiy IAeEA ia?aa??yeeny i?aeoeeith,
a?aei?aoeueiaoaaeeny, ai?iaaaeaeoaaeeny o oaoiieia?/i? i?ioeane
A?ae?ioaee. Niaoeeo?/iith iniaeea?noth IAeEA aoei oa, ui ?? /eaie
iaeii/anii aoee i?aoe?aieeaie ? ea??aieeaie ??cieo a?ae?ioa/ieo
i?ae?icae?e?a, a a?aeae?e a?ae?ioaeiciaanoaa (eaa?iao
a?ae?ioaeiciaanoaa) ni?ai?aoethaaa c IAeEA.

5. ?acii c oei, aeeiioth/e ooieoe?? anaoe?a?inueeiai
iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai oeaio?o, IAeEA caeo/aea aei nai?? ae?yeueiino?
i?aaenoaaiee?a nii??aeiaieo a?ae?ioa/ieo onoaiia – OEI (I.A.Aiaeeaae/),
OI?E (TH.I.Iaaeaiei), naeoe?? aeaaeaia?ae?ioaea??a i.Ee?aa (I.O.Oioie),
Iaeanueei? ioae?/ii? a?ae?ioaee (?.N.Aoaiai), A?iieoeueei? o?e?? AAO
(A.Ae.Ioiiaiianueeee) oa ?i. Iaoeiai-i?aai?caoe?eia ? eii?aeeiaoe?eia
ae?yeuei?noue IAeEA cae?enithaaeanue o iai?yi? ?icaeoeo niaoe?aeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue (OA?, i?aaeiaoiee eaoaeia, eaoaeia?ao?/ia ?ino?oeoe?y
oiui), eii?aeeiaoe?? iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue c ?ioeie a?ae?ioaeaie,
a?ae?ioa/ieie oa a?ae?ia?ao?/ieie onoaiiaaie, a oaeiae i?iaaaeaiiy
iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?e, i?ioan?eieo anaoe?a?inueeeo ia?aae, “i?eethaeieo”
?icoe?aieo can?aeaiue IAeEA – ieaioi?a. Aaaeeeaiai cia/aiiy iaaoea
ae?yeuei?noue AE AOAI, noai?aii? 1926 ?. oa ?i?oe?eiaaii? AAO.

6. O AAO ca aeoeaiiai ni?eyiiy IAeEA i?aai?ciaaii i?aeaioiaeo aeuiai
a?ae?ioa/iiai ia?niiaeo aeey iaoeiaeo a?ae?ioae /a?ac ani??aioo?o oa
i?aeaioiaeo e i?aeaeuaiiy eaae?o?eaoe?? na?aaeiueiai ia?niiaeo – /a?ac
nenoaio a?ae?ioa/ieo eo?n?a. Iaoeiai-iaaeaaia?/ia ae?yeuei?noue IAeEA
ioe?ith?oueny ye oi?eaeueiee aeey Oe?a?ie aeina?ae o aaeoc? i?aeaioiaee
a?ae?ioa/ieo eaae??a, ui a?oiooaaany ia ii?aeiaii? oai??? ? i?aeoeee,
cie?aia iaaoooy aenieii?ioan?eii? oai?aoe/ii? i?aeaioiaee caaaeyee
?ic?iaeaiei i?ea?iaeueiei ? a?oioiaiei eo?nai c ?noi??? oa oai???
a?ae?ioaeiciaanoaa, eieaiciaanoaa e a?ae?ia?ao??, a oaeiae
aaeineiiaeaiiy i?aeoe/iiai aeina?aeo. Oea ia?aaeaa/aeiny eiioeaioe??th
a?ae?ioa/ii? ina?oe ca oiia a?aenooiino? a Oe?a?i? niaoe?aeueiiai
iaa/aeueiiai caeeaaeo.

7. IAeEA aeoiaaea a?aeiieo Oe?a?i? a?ae?ioaeiciaaoe?a ? a?ae?ia?ao?a,
ye? caeeaee ooiaeaiaio oai?aoe/iiai iaa?oiooaaiiy oeeo iaoe, i?iaaaeeee
oe?ieo iaoeiai-iaoiaee/io oa i?aeoe/io ae?yeuei?noue a aaeoc?
a?ae?ioa/ieo oaoiieia?e, i?aeaioiaoe? a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo iieaae/ee?a ?
iin?aiee?a, ? oei naiei noai?eee oe?a?inueeo a?ae?ioaeiciaa/o oeieo.
Aaeeeee iniaenoee aianie oeeo ae?y/?a o ?icaeoie ieoaiue i?aai?caoe??,
eaoaeia?caoe?? oa nenoaiaoecaoe?? oiiae?a, eieaiei?enooaaiiy, noai?aiiy
iaoe?iiaeueiiai a?ae?ia?ao?/iiai ?aia?ooa?o, e?a?ciaa/i? oa
?aeiiaiaeaoe?eii? a?ae?ia?ao??, a?ae?ia?ao?? a?ae?ia?ao??, ?noi??? eieae
? a?ae?ioa/ii? ni?aae oiui.

8. Caaaeyee eieaeoeao aiooc?ano?a AAO i?aai?coaaea ?yae ni?eueieo
i?iaeo?a anaoe?a?inueeiai cia/aiiy, cie?aia, neeaaeaiiy OA?;
iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ieo ?ic?iaie o aaeoc? eaoaeia?ao??, i?aaeiaoiiai
eaoaeiao, caaaeaiiai eaoaeiao iaoeiaeo a?ae?ioae i.Ee?aa; noai?aiiy
iaa/aeueieo i?ia?ai c ?noi???, oai??? oa i?aeoeee a?ae?ioaei-,
a?ae?ia?aoi- ? eieaiciaanoaa; i?aeaioiaee iaoeiaeo ?ia?oiee?a
a?ae?ioa/ii? ni?aae e eaae?o?eiaaiiai a?ae?ioa/iiai ia?niiaeo.

9. Ii/eiaiiyi IAeEA ia aeaii aoei iiaiith i??ith ao?eeoeny o aeeooy.
Iiae?? 30-o ?ie?a, ia?ai???iooaaiiy ae?yeueiino? a?ae?ioae aai
a?aenoioee ieoaiiy (noai?aiiy OA?, eaoaeia?ao?/ii? ?ino?oeoe?? oa
i?aaeiaoiiai eaoaeiao), aai iiai?noth ci?ieee ci?no iaoeiaeo ?ic?iaie.
Iacaaaeath/e ia oea, caeiaooee a/aieo IAeEA aaeaeiny iioae?eoaaoe,
ai?iaaaeeoe oa iaaiai?eoe e oei caeeanoe ooiaeaiaio aeey ?oiueiai
iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo oa a?ae?iaeaeaiiy /a?ac aeanyoee?ooy, o 90-o
?ieao, eiee Oe?a?ia noaea iacaeaaeiith aea?aeaaith.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaeoi o oaeeo ioae?eaoe?yo aaoi?a:

1. Ae?yeuei?noue Iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? eii?n?? a?ae?ioaeiciaanoaa oa
a?ae?ia?ao?? AAO o 1925-1933 ??. – E., 1998. — 110 n.

2. Iaoeiai-aeine?aeia eii?n?y a?ae?ioaeiciaanoaa oa a?ae?ia?ao?? (IAeEA)
Anaia?iaeii? a?ae?ioaee Oe?a?ie: caaaeaiiy e iai?yie ae?yeueiino?
(1925-1929 ??.) //?oeiienia oa eieaeeiaa niaaeueia Oe?a?ie. – E., 1998.
– Aei.4. – N.5-30.

3. ?inoeooo a?ae?ioaeiciaanoaa IAOA ?i. A.?.Aa?iaaenueeiai //?ioi?iaoe?y
? ?eiie. – 1996. — ?4. – N.10-12. (O ni?aaaoi?noa? c I.N.Neiaiaeyieeii).

4. Iaoeiai-aeine?aeia eii?n?y a?ae?ioaeiciaanoaa oa a?ae?ia?ao?? AAO oa
i?iaeaie i?aeaioiaee iaoeiaeo eaae??a (1926-1933)//?ioi?iaoe?eia
ae?yeuei?noue iaoeiai? a?ae?ioaee: Iaoa??aee i?aeia?. iaoe. eiio., Ee?a,
13-16 aeiaoiy 1998 ?. – E., 1998. – N.48-56.

5. Aaeee?anuee? /eoaiiy //A?ae. a?niee, — 1995. — ?2. – N.35-36.

6. A?ae?ioaeiciaa/? aeine?aeaeaiiy a OeIA IAI Oe?a?ie //A?ae?ioaea o
aeaiie?aoe/iiio noni?euenoa?: I?aeia?. iaoe. eiio., Ee?a, 21-23
eenoiiaaea 1995 ?. – E., 1995. – N.35-36.

7. ?ieue aaoiiaoeciaaii? ?ioi?iaoe?eii? nenoaie o ?icaeoeo
a?ae?ioaeiciaa/eo aeine?aeaeaiue //A?ae?ioa/ii-a?ae?ia?ao?/i?
eeaneo?eaoe?? oa ?ioi?iaoe?eii-iiooeia? nenoaie: I?aeia?. iaoe. eiio.,
Ee?a, 1995. – E., 1995. – N.74-75.

Iaoonaae/ A?eoi??y Aieiaeeie??aia. Iaoeiai-aeine?aeia eii?n?y
a?ae?ioaeiciaanoaa oa a?ae?ia?ao?? Anaia?iaeii? a?ae?ioaee Oe?a?ie
(1925-1933): iniiai? iai?yie ae?yeueiino?.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa ?noi?e/ieo iaoe
c? niaoe?aeueiino? 07.00.08. – eieaiciaanoai, a?ae?ioaeiciaanoai,
a?ae?ia?aoiciaanoai. Iaoe?iiaeueia a?ae?ioaea Oe?a?ie ?iai?
A.?.Aa?iaaenueeiai, Ee?a, 1998.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii aena?oeaiith ?noi??? i?aai?caoe?? ? iai?yi?a
ae?yeueiino? Iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? eii?n?? a?ae?ioaeiciaanoaa oa
a?ae?ia?ao?? AAO, aecia/aiith aianeo Eii?n?? oa ?? ie?aieo ae?y/?a o
?icaeoie a?ae?ioa/ii? iaoee a Oe?a?i?.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ?noi??y a?ae?ioa/ii? ni?aae, a?ae?ioaeiciaanoai,
a?ae?ia?aoiciaanoai, oe?a?inueeee a?ae?ia?ao?/iee ?aia?ooa?, i?aaeiaoiee
eaoaeia, i?aeaioiaea a?ae?ioa/ieo eaae??a.

Iaoonaae/ Aeeoi?ey Aeaaeeie?iaia. Iao/ii-enneaaeiaaoaeueneay eiienney
aeaeeioaeiaaaeaiey e aeaeeia?aoee Anaia?iaeiie aeaeeioaee Oe?aeiu
(1925-1933): iniiaiua iai?aaeaiey aeayoaeueiinoe. Iaoeeiiaeueiay
aeaeeioaea Oe?aeiu eiaie A.E.Aa?iaaeneiai, Eeaa, 1998.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa enoi?e/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 07.00.08. – eieaiaaaeaiea, aeaeeioaeiaaaeaiea,
aeaeeia?aoiaaaeaiea.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia inaauaieth enoi?ee i?aaiecaoeee e iai?aaeaiee
aeayoaeueiinoe Iao/ii-enneaaeiaaoaeueneie eiiennee aeaeeioaeiaaaeaiey e
aeaeeia?aoee AAO, ii?aaeaeaieth aeeaaea Eiiennee e aa ioaeaeueiuo
aeayoaeae a ?acaeoea aeaeeioa/iie iaoee a Oe?aeia.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: enoi?ey aeaeeioa/iiai aeaea, aeaeeioaeiaaaeaiea,
aeaeeia?aoiaaaeaiea, oe?aeineee aeaeeia?aoe/aneee ?aia?ooa?, i?aaeiaoiue
eaoaeia, iiaeaioiaea aeaeeioa/iuo eaae?ia.

Matusevich Victoria Vladimirovna. Scientific resaarch commitce of
library science and bibliography of the Nation-wide Library of Ukraine
(1925-1933): principal orientation of activities. The Vernadsky National
Library of Ukraine, Kyiv, 1998.

Dissertation for the degree of the Candidate in History in the field
07.00.08. – book history, library science, bibliographical studies.

The dissertation is dedicated to the interpretation of history and
orientation of activities of the Nation-wide Library of Ukraine and
define the contribution of the Commitee and its individual scientists to
development of library science in Ukraine.

Key words: history of library affairs, library science, bibliography
cience, Ukrainian bibliography reportara, subject catalogue, training of
personiel.

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