Ee?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aiaaeueii-aeiiii?/iee oi?aa?neoao

IA?AN?*IEE IEOAEEI ?AAIIAE*

OAeE 642.5:641.5:613.648

Iaoeiaa iaa?oiooaaiiy oa ?ic?iaea oaoiieia?e i?iaeoeo?a a?iiaaenueeiai
oa?/oaaiiy ?aae?icaoenii? ae??

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 05.18.16 — oaoiieia?y i?iaeoeo?a oa?/oaaiiy

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

aeieoi?a oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Ee?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aiaaeueii-aeiiii?/iiio
oi?aa?neoao? I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Iaethe Ethaeieea Iao??aia, Oa?e?anueea aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y oaoiieia??
oa i?aai?caoe?? oa?/oaaiiy, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e i?aai?caoe?? oa?/oaaiiy;

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Ea?iaooaiei E?ae?y ?aai?aia, Iaeanueea aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y oa?/iaeo
oaoiieia?e, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e oaoiieia?? oe?aa, eiiaeeoa?nueeeo
ae?ia?a ? a?iiaaenueeiai oa?/oaaiiy;

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Ei?coi A?oae?e Iaoiiae/, Iaoeiaee oeaio? ?aae?aoe?eii? iaaeeoeeie AII
Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoaa/ eaai?aoi??? ?aae?aoe?eii? a?a??ie
oa?/oaaiiyI?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:Aeiiaoeueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao
aeiiii?ee oa oi?a?ae?, eaoaae?a oaoiieia?? ae?iaieoeoaa i?iaeoeo?a
a?iiaaenueeiai oa?/oaaiiy

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 3 ” /a?aiy 1999 ?. i 14-00 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.055.02 i?e Ee?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio
oi?aiaaeueii-aeiiii?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith: Oe?a?ia, 253156,
i.Ee?a, aoe.E?ioi, 19.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Ee?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aiaaeueii-aeiiii?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ca aae?anith:
253156, i.Ee?a, aoe.E?ioi, 19.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 28 ” ea?oiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
Oeuaiei ?.A.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Aieea iani?eyoeeaeo oaeoi??a *i?iiaeeuenueei?
eaoano?ioe (caa?oaeiaiiy ?aae?iioee?aeaie, nieyie aaaeeeo iaoae?a,
no?aniaee oaeoi?) iei? iioe?eany iaeaea ia anth oa?eoi??th Oe?a?ie ?
ioiieth? aeecueei iieiaeie ?? ianaeaiiy. O ca’yceo c oeei noai?ththoueny
oiiae iaaeoiaeaeaiiy a a?inoa?o aaeeei? e?eueeino? i?iaeoeo?a ae?eaiiy
o?aio oa ieooii?th, o oiio /ene? iaea?eueo cia/eieo a
?aae?aoe?eii-a?a??i?/iiio a?aeiioaii? ?aae?iioee?ae?a — oeac?th oa
no?iioe?th.

Caoeno i?aai?cio ethaeeie a?ae ?aae?iaeoeaiiai ii?ii?iaiiy oa ?ioeo
oaoiiaaiieo oaeoi??a — aeooaeueia i?iaeaia nueiaiaeaiiy. Ae??oaiith ??
i?enay/aii iaoeia? ?iaioe Aioiiiaa A.I., Aa?oay Ae.N., Aaeueoa ?.O.,
Aaneeaiei E.A., ?eue?ia E.A., Ei?coia A.I., Einy ?.I., I?oeeea A.TH.,
I??noa?a A.N., ?aica?aa I.A., ?oaeaanueei? A.A., Ailler E., Harrison J.,
Carr A., Kargasin B.

A?aeiii, ui oa?/oaaiiy ? iaeiei ?c iaeaaaeeea?oeo aaaeae?a, yeee
iia`yco? ethaeeio c iaaeieeoi?i na?aaeiaeuai oa ni?ey?, iaaiei /eiii,
caeaoiino? i?aai?cio i?ioeae?yoe aieeao ?aae?aoe?? oa ?ioeo
iani?eyoeeaeo oaeoi??a iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua.

No/ani? iaoeia? aeine?aeaeaiiy oa i?aeoeea na?ae/aoue, ui ca
aeiiiiiaith o?aaeeoe?eieo oa?/iaeo i?iaeoeo?a iaiiaeeeai aeinyaoe
cia/iiai i?io?eaeoe/iiai aoaeoo. Iaiiaeeeaei oaeiae ? ? noai?aiiy
oi?aa?naeueieo i?iaeoeo?a oa?/oaaiiy, ye? ca nai?th a?ieia?/iith ae??th
iioei?cothoue a iiai?e i??? iaoaaie?/i? i?ioeane a i?aai?ci?.

Ona aeuaaeeeaaeaia aeaco? ia iaiao?aei?noue ?ic?iaee caoiae?a,
ni?yiiaaieo ia iiia?aaeaeaiiy iaaeoiaeaeaiiy a i?aai?ci ethaeeie oa
aoaeoeaia aeaaaeaiiy c iueiai ?iei?ii?iaaieo ?aae?iioee?ae?a. O ca’yceo
c oeei o i?io?eaeoeoe? iaaaoeaiiai aieeao ?ii?coth/iai aei?ii?ithaaiiy
?noioio ?ieue a?ae?a?a? ?aae?icaoenia oa?/oaaiiy.

Aoaeoeaia ?aae?caoe?y oeeo caoiae?a ? iiaeeeaith /a?ac a?iiaaenueea
oa?/oaaiiy, a yeiio i?iaeoeoe?y oa?/iaiai aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno
aeinoaaey?oueny aaciina?aaeiuei aei niiaeeaa/a. Aaeeeith ? eiai
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ia ?ieue: o?eueee /a?ac eiai iioeiaeueio
i?aai?caoe?th iiaeia ai?iaaaeeoe ia iaoeia?e iniia? ?aae?icaoenia
oa?/oaaiiy.

A ca’yceo c oeei, noai?aiiy oaoiieia?e aeey e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/iiai
oa?/oaaiiy ?aae?icaoenii? ae?? ? i?iaeaiith iaoeiai? ? nioe?aeueii?
aaae, ae??oaiiy yei? a oe?e ?iaio? cae?enithaaeinue o a?aeiia?aeiino?
aei eii?aeeiaoe?eiiai ieaio AeEIO i?e ?aae? I?i?no??a N?N?, nithcii?
i?ia?aie “Io?aneaaay iao/ii-oaoie/aneay i?ia?aiia a iaeanoe iaaeeoeeiu
ia 1986-1989 aa”., Aea?aeaaii? nithcii-?anioae?eainueei? i?ia?aie
iaa?aeeeaaeieo caoiae?a ia 1991-1992 ?. ii e?ea?aeaoe?? iane?aee?a
aaa??? ia *AAN ? 559 a?ae 13 aa?aciy 1989?., eii?aeeiaoe?eieo ieai?a
IAe? I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie, a oaeiae o i?ioean? aeeiiaiiy
iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o ia caiiaeaiiy ae?iaie/eo i?aai?caoe?e.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeine?aeaeaiue ? iaoeiaa
iaa?oiooaaiiy oa ?ic?iaea ?aoe?iiaeueieo oaoiieia?e i?iaeoeo?a
a?iiaaenueeiai oa?/oaaiiy c ?aae?icaoenieie aeanoeainoyie oa noai?aiiy
?aoe?ii?a oa?/oaaiiy ?aae?icaoenii? ae?? e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/iiai
i?ecia/aiiy ?c caaeainiaaiei o?i?/iei neeaaeii ca?aeii c aeiiaaie
ioo?eoe?ieia??.

A?aeiia?aeii aei iaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aoei iinoaaeaii oa ae??oaii oae?
caaaeaiiy:

· iaa?oiooaaoe ? aenia?eiaioaeueii i?aeoaa?aeeoe iaoeiao eiioeaioe?th
?aae?icaoenoo ethaeeie ia iniia? aeei?enoaiiy o?aaeeoe?eii? oa
iao?aaeeoe?eii? ne?iaeie;

· iaoeiai iaa?oiooaaoe ? aenia?eiaioaeueii i?aeoaa?aeeoe iaoiaei-eia?th
noai?aiiy i?iaeoeo?a a?iiaaenueeiai oa?/oaaiiy ?aae?icaoenii? ae??;

· aenia?eiaioaeueii aeine?aeeoe oaoiieia?/i? aeanoeaino? i?e?iaeii?
ne?iaeie ?aae?icaoenii? ae?? oa iaoeiai iaa?oiooaaoe noai?aiiy ia ??
iniia? oa?/iaeo eiiiiceoe?e, i?iaanoe ?o iaaeeei-a?ieia?/io ai?iaaoe?th;

· aeine?aeeoe aieea oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a ia o?ceei-o?i?/i?,
i?e?ia?ieia?/i? oa a?io?i?/i? ci?ie, ye? a?aeaoaathoueny a i?ioean?
?io?a/a?aiiiai ii?ii?iaiiy ca?iii?iaeoeo?a oa iaoeiai iaa?oiooaaoe
iioeiaeuei? ia?aiao?e i?ioeano ?NI;

· iaoeiai iaa?oiooaaoe ? ?ic?iaeoe ?aoe?iiaeueio oaoiieia?th
ae?iaieoeoaa no?aa oa eoe?ia?ieo ae?ia?a ?aae?icaoenii? ae??
e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/iiai i?ecia/aiiy, i?iaanoe ?o
aeine?aeii-i?iieneiao ai?iaaoe?th;

· aeine?aeeoe o?ceei-o?i?/i?, a?io?i?/i? oa i?e?ia?ieia?/i? iieacieee
yeino? no?aa ? eoe?ia?ieo ae?ia?a ?aae?icaoenii? ae??, i?iaanoe ?o
iaaeeei-a?ieia?/io ai?iaaoe?th;

· iaoeiai iaa?oiooaaoe ? ?ic?iaeoe ?aoe?iie oa?/oaaiiy ?aae?icaoenii?
ae?? e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/iiai i?ecia/aiiy;

· iaoeiai iaa?oiooaaoe ? ?ic?iaeoe iiaeae? yeino? no?aa ? eoe?ia?ieo
ae?ia?a oa ?aoe?ii?a oa?/oaaiiy, ui aacothoueny ia eiii’thoa?ieo
oaoiieia?yo;

· ?ic?iaeoe ? caoaa?aeeoe ii?iaoeaio aeieoiaioaoe?th ia i?iaeoeoe
oa?/oaaiiy ?aae?icaoenii? ae??;

· cae?enieoe eiiieaen caoiae?a uiaei ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a
aeine?aeaeaiue o i?aeoeeo oa ioe?ieoe aoaeoeai?noue ai?iaaaeaeaiiy.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. A eiiieaen? ?ica’yco?oueny
aaaeeeaa aea?aeaaia i?iaeaia noai?aiiy iiai? i?iaeoeoe?? a?iiaaenueeiai
oa?/oaaiiy ?aae?icaoenii? ae?? c i?aeaeuaiith oa?/iaith oa a?ieia?/iith
oe?ii?noth, i?ecia/aii? aeey iianyeaeaiiiai oa niaoe?aeueiiai
e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/iiai oa?/oaaiiy ca?aeii c iniiaieie i?eioeeiaie
ioo?eoe?ieia??, eaae?iao???, eaaioiai-o?i?/iiai ? iaoaiaoe/iiai
iiaeaethaaiiy oeyoii ?ic?iaeaiiy iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaieo ?aoe?iiaeueieo
oaoiieia?e, ye? caaacia/othoue aoaeoeaia aeei?enoaiiy o?aaeeoe?eii? ?
iao?aaeeoe?eii? ne?iaeie oa ?ioaineo?eaoe?th oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a.
Iaoeiaa eiioeaioe?y, yeo iieeaaeaii a iniiao ?iaioe, iieyaa? o noai?aii?
oaoiieia?/ieo aniaeo?a oaeineiiaeaiiy ani?oeiaioo eoe?ia?ii?
i?iaeoeoe?? e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/iiai i?ecia/aiiy oeyoii
aeei?enoaiiy oa?/iaeo ?a/iaei ?aae?icaoenii? ae??.

A ?acoeueoao? aaaaoiieaiiaeo aiae?oeei-aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue
aecia/aii oaeoi?e aieeao oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a ia oa?/iao oe?ii?noue
oa ooieoe?iiaeuei? aeanoeaino? eoe?ia?ieo ae?ia?a ?c canoinoaaiiyi
oa?/iai? ne?iaeie ?aae?icaoenii? ae??.

Aia?oa ?ic?iaeaii, aei?iaoaaii oa ai?iaaaeaeaii oaoiieia?? ae?iaieoeoaa
i?iaeoeo?a a?iiaaenueeiai oa?/oaaiiy ?aae?icaoenii? ae?? oa ?aoe?iie
oa?/oaaiiy e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/iiai i?ecia/aiiy.

Iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaii, ?ic?iaeaii oa aenia?eiaioaeueii i?aeoaa?aeaeaii
a?iioaco aeei?enoaiiy iaoo?aeueieo i?e?iaeieo oa?/iaeo ioo???io?a o
ae?iaieoeoa? no?aa oa eoe?ia?ieo ae?ia?a ?aae?icaoenii? ae??.

Aia?oa aea/aii, ocaaaeueiaii ? nenoaiaoeciaaii iaoeia? aeai? uiaei
aieeao ?ic?iaeaieo oa?/iaeo eiiiiceoe?e oa ?aoe?ii?a ?aae?icaoenii? ae??
ia i?aai?ci ethaeeie.

Iiaecio cai?iiiiiaaieo oaoi?/ieo ??oaiue i?aeoaa?aeaeaii 5 iaoaioaie oa
aaoi?nueeeie na?aeioeoaaie ia aeiaoiaee.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. A ?acoeueoao? iaoeiaeo
aeine?aeaeaiue ?ic?iaeaii ? ai?iaaaeaeaii oaoiieia?? aeei?enoaiiy
iaoo?aeueieo oa?/iaeo ?a/iaei aeey io?eiaiiy no?aa oa eoe?ia?ieo ae?ia?a
e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/iiai i?ecia/aiiy. Iaa?oioiaaii i?aeoe/i?
i?aeoiaee aei neeaaeaiiy ?aoe?ii?a oa?/oaaiiy a oiiaao ae?? ?aae?aoe??,
ye? a?aee?eaathoue iia? iiaeeeaino? o eiiieaeniiio ?aaoethaaii?
?aae?icaoenieo aeanoeainoae i?aai?cio ethaeeie.

?ic?iaeaii oaoiieia?? ae?iaieoeoaa iiaeo aeae?a no?aa oa eoe?ia?ieo
ae?ia?a ?aae?icaoenii? ae??, aecia/aii ?oith ye?noue ? iiaeeai?
aeanoeaino?, ae?iaeaii aeine?aeii-i?iieneia? ia?o?? oeeo i?iaeoeo?a.

I?iieneia? ia?o?? iiaeo i?iaeoeo?a a?iiaaenueeiai oa?/oaaiiy aoee
ai?iaiaai? a eaai?aoi??? i?io?eaeoeee aioo??oiueiai ii?ii?ithaaiiy
Oe?a?inueeiai iaoeiaiai oeaio?o ?aae?aoe?eii? iaaeeoeeie AII Oe?a?ie, a
ee?i?oe? ?inoeoooo aeia?a??ie ? oieneeieia?? ?i. E.?.Iaaeaaaey IIC
Oe?a?ie. Iaaeeei-a?ieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy no?aa oa eoe?ia?ieo ae?ia?a
?aae?icaoenii? ae?? iieacaee aoaeoeai?noue ?o aeei?enoaiiy ye i?iaeoeo?a
e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/iiai oa?/oaaiiy ethaeae, ui i?iaeeaathoue ?
i?aoeththoue a cii? i?aeaeuaiiai ?aae?aoe?eiiai eiio?ieth.

I?i?noa?noaii ioi?iie caei?ia’y Oe?a?ie caoaa?aeaeaii “I?eia?iue
nooi/iue iaai? i?iaeoeoia aeey ea/aaii-i?ioeeaeoe/aneiai ieoaiey
?aaioieeia III “I?eiyoue” oa ai?iaaaeaeaii eiai o cii? a?ae/oaeaiiy
*i?iiaeeuenueei? AAN.

?ic?iaeaii ? caoaa?aeaeaii ii?iaoeaio aeieoiaioaoe?th (OO 28 Oe?a?ia
300-91 “Aeiyeeieiaoi?u. Aeoaiaenu e nooea niane aeey ieo”).

?ic?iaeaii ? caoaa?aeaeaii o?noue ca??iee?a ?aoeaioo? no?aa oa
eoe?ia?ieo ae?ia?a e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/iiai i?ecia/aiiy. ?ic?iaeaii
iiiaae 300 iaeiaioaaiue no?aa oa eoe?ia?ieo ae?ia?a ?aae?icaoenii?
ae??, ai?iaaaeaeaiiy yeeo cae?eniaii i?aei?e?inoaaie a?iiaaenueeiai
oa?/oaaiiy.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue ai?iaaaeaeai? ia i?aei?e?inoaao
a?iiaaenueeiai oa?/oaaiiy *i?iiaeeuenueei? oa Caii??cueei? AAN, i.Ee?aa,
o ae?iaie/eo oiiaao Ee?anueeiai oe?aieiia?iaoo ?1.

I?aeoaa?aeaeaii nioe?aeueiee aoaeo a?ae ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?ic?iaie, yeee
iieyaa? o caa?aaeaii? oa caoeno? caei?ia’y ethaeeie, a?eueo iiaiiio
aeei?enoaii? oa?/iaiai iioaioe?aeo cai?iiiiiaaii? iaoo?aeueii? ne?iaeie
?aae?icaoenii? ae??, ?icoe?aii? ani?oeiaioo eoe?ia?ii? i?iaeoeoe?? ia
i?aei?e?inoaao a?iiaaenueeiai oa?/oaaiiy, i?aeaeuaii? yeino? oa
iie?ioaii? iiaeeaieo aeanoeainoae eoe?ia?ieo ae?ia?a, iie?ioaii? oiia
i?aoe? oa ??aiy eoeueoo?e ae?iaieoeoaa, aeieia?/ii? neooaoe?? a
Oe?a?i?.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aaoi? noi?ioethaaa iaoo ? caaaeaiiy
aeine?aeaeaiue, i?ia?aio ?iaioe, i?ae eiai ea??aieoeoaii ? ca iniaenoi?
o/ano? i?iaaaeaii oai?aoe/i?, aiae?oeei-aenia?eiaioaeuei?
aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aaoi?ii iniaenoi ?ic?iaeaii oai?aoe/i? oa i?aeoe/i?
aniaeoe ?aae?icaoenoo ethaeeie oeyoii aeei?enoaiiy oa?/iaeo ?a/iaei
?aae?icaoenii? ae??, i?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy ?c aecia/aiiy
?aoe?iiaeueieo ia?aiao??a ?ic?iaeaieo oaoiieia?e. Ia iniia? ?ic?iaeaii?
iaoiaeieia?? ?ic?aoiaai? iioeiaeuei? ?aoeaioo?e oa?/iaeo eiiiiceoe?e
?aae?icaoenii? ae??; ia?iaeai? oa ocaaaeueiai? ?acoeueoaoe /eneaiieo
a?io?i?/ieo, o?ce/ieo, no?oeoo?ii-iaoai?/ieo, i?e?ia?ieia?/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue; ?ic?iaeai? ?aoeaioo?e oa ?aoe?iie oa?/oaaiiy ?c
aeei?enoaiiyi iiaeo aeae?a i?iaeoeoe?? a?iiaaenueeiai oa?/oaaiiy,
i?aeaioiaeai? ? iioae?eiaai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue.

?ic?iaea iiaeo no?aa ? eoe?ia?ieo ae?ia?a ?aae?icaoenii? ae?? oa
?aoe?ii?a oa?/oaaiiy e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/iiai i?ecia/aiiy
i?iaiaeeeany ni?eueii c oaoiieiaaie a?iiaaenueeiai oa?/oaaiiy
*i?iiaeeuenueei? ? Caii??cnueei? AAN, i.Ee?aa iaoeiaoeyie
Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai ?inoeoooo a?a??ie oa?/oaaiiy, Oe?a?inueeiai
iaoeiaiai oeaio?o ?aae?aoe?eii? iaaeeoeeie AII Oe?a?ie. Aaoi? a?aa
aaciina?aaeith o/anoue a aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo o cii?
a?ae/oaeaiiy *i?iiaeeuenueei? AAN.

O iaoeiaeo i?aoeyo, ui aeeiiai? o ni?aaaoi?noa?, caeiaoaa/aa? iaeaaeaoue
oai?aoe/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy, ?ic?iaea i?ia?aie ? ?acoeueoao?a
aeine?aeaeaiue, i?aai?caoe?y aenia?eiaioo ? o/anoue o eiai ?aae?caoe??.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiue, iaaaaeaieo o aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio?, iaaiai?thaaeenue
i?ioyaii 1982-1999 ??. ? io?eiaee iiceoeai? ioe?iee ia iaoeiaeo,
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo, nai?ia?ao, neiiic?oiao, ia?aaeao,
aeaaonoaoe?yo, aei neeaaeo yeeo aoiaeyoue: ?anioae?eainueea iaoeiaa
eiioa?aioe?y “Aeaeaie/aneea aniaeou ieoaiey caei?iaiai e aieueiiai
/aeiaaea” (Ee?a, 1982); Ananithcia eiioa?aioe?y “Oeiey caiaoa ieue”
(Eaoian, 1987); Ananithcia iaoeiaa eiioa?aioe?y “?ac?aaioea
eiiaeie?iaaiiuo i?iaeoeoia ieoaiey” (Iineaa, 1988); O?aoy Ananithcia
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ia eiioa?aioe?y “?ac?aaioea i?ioeannia iieo/aiey
eiiaeie?iaaiiuo i?iaeoeoia ieoaiey (iaaeeei-aeieiae/aneea aniaeou,
oaoiieiaey, aiia?aoo?iia ioi?ieaiea, iioeiecaoeey)” (Iineaa,1988);
Ananithcia iaoeiaa eiioa?aioe?y “Aaeeiaua i?iaeoeou iee?iaeaeueiiai
neioaca, aiaeec ea/anoaa, iee?iaeieiae/aneay ioeaiea yooaeoeaiinoe
naeueneioicyenoaaiiie i?iaeoeoeee (Iineaa, 1989); Ae?oaa Ananithcia
iaoeiaa eiioa?aioe?y “I?iaeaiu eiaeono?eaeecaoeee iauanoaaiiiai ieoaiey
no?aiu” (Oa?e?a, 1989); Ae?oaa Ananithcia iaoeiaa eiioa?aioe?y
“I?iaeaiu aeeyiey oaieiaie ia?aaioee ia ieuaaoth oeaiiinoue i?iaeoeoia
ieoaiey” (Oa?e?a,1990); ?anioae?eainueea iaoeiaa eiioa?aioe?y “I?iaeaiu
?aoeeiiaeueiiai ieoaiey aeaoneiai e ac?ineiai ianaeaiey, i?iaeeaathuaai
ia oa??eoi?ee, iino?aaeaaoae a ?acoeueoaoa aaa?ee ia *AYN” (Ee?a, 1993);
Iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iee nai?ia? Ee?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo (Ee?a,
1993); I’yoee eiia?an na?oiai? oaaea?aoe?? oe?a?inueeeo e?ea?nueeeo
oiaa?enoa (Aei?i?iiao?ianuee,1994); I?aeia?iaeia iaoeiaa eiioa?aioe?y
“Ia?niaeoeau ?acaeoey ianniaiai ieoaiey e oi?aiaee a oneiaeyo ia?aoiaea
e ?uii/iie yeiiiieea” (Oa?e?a, 1994); I?aeia?iaeia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ia
eiioa?aioe?y “?icaeoie ianiaiai oa?/oaaiiy, aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa oa
oo?ecio a oiiaao ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei” (Ee?a,1994); noi?niee nai?ia?
Oe?a?inueeiai iaoeiaiai oeaio?o ?aae?aoe?eii? iaaeeoeeie ?
I?aeaaeocaaiai ?inoeoooo i?aeaeuaiiy eaae?o?eaoe?? “Eiiaeie?iaaiiia
aeaenoaea eiiece?othueo eceo/aiee e ae?oaeo iaaeaaii?eyoiuo oaeoi?ia ia
i?aaieci /aeiaaea” (Ee?a,1994); I?aeia?iaeia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ia
eiioa?aioe?y “I?iaeaiu ieoaiey ianaeaiey, i?iaeeaathuaai ia oa??eoi?ee,
iino?aaeaaoae a ?acoeueoaoa aaa?ee ia *AYN” (I?inuee, 1995);
Iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ia eiioa?aioe?y Iieoaanueeiai eiiia?aoeaiiai ?inoeoooo
(Iieoaaa,1995); I?aeia?iaeia iaoeiaa eiioa?aioe?y “I?iaeaie oa?/oaaiiy a
Oe?a?i?” (Ee?a, 1995); I?aeia?iaeiee neiiic?oi “I?ioe?aae?aoe?ei? caniae
oa ?o canoinoaaiiy o ca’yceo c aaa???th ia *AAN” (Ee?a, 1995); Ia?oee
c’?cae ai?oa?aiaao?a Oe?a?ie (Ee?a, 1996); I?aeia?iaeiee c’?cae
ai?oa?aiaao?a na?oo (Ee?a,1997); I?aeia?iaeia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ia
eiioa?aioe?y “I?iaeaie yeino? o a?iiaaenueeiio oa?/oaaii?, aioaeueiiio
ainiiaea?noa? ? oo?eci?” (Ee?a, 1998); Iaoeiai-oaoi?/i? ia?aaee
(*i?iiaeeue, 1989, 1990, 1991; Ee?a, 1991, 1992, 1994, 1995);
Iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ia eiioa?aioe?y oiaa?enoaa “Oe?i?ioicaei?ia-ieoey”
(Ee?a,1995-1997); Iaoeia? eiioa?aioe?? Ee?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aiaaeueii-aeiiii?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo (Ee?a, 1982-1999).

Iia? aeaee i?iaeoeoe?? aeaiiino?oaaeenue ia: niaoe?ae?ciaai?e aenoaaoe?
“Ae?iaieoeoai, ia?a?iaea oa caa?aaeaiiy n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei?
i?iaeoeoe??” (Ee?a, aa?acaiue 1995); i?aeia?iaei?e niaoe?ae?ciaai?e
aenoaaoe? “*i?iiaeeue, aeieia?y, ethaeeia, caei?ia’y” (Ee?a, aa?acaiue
1996); niaoe?ae?ciaai?e aenoaaoe? i?aeia?iaeii? anioe?aoe?? aeiiiiiae
?iaeeiai *i?iiaeey (Ee?a, ea?oaiue 1997); niaoe?ae?ciaaieo aenoaaeao
e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/ieo i?iaeoeo?a oa?/oaaiiy ?aae?icaoenii? ae??
Ee?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aiaaeueii-aeiiii?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo (Ee?a,
a?oaeaiue 1989-1998 ?.); aenoaaoe? “Aeeoy/a oa?/oaaiiy”, ui
i?iaiaeeeanue i?ae aa?aeith iaoe?iiaeueiiai oiiaeo nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo
iaoa??a ? ae?oae (Oe?a?ia — ae?oyi) aei aeiy caoenoo ae?oae (Ee?a,
o?aaaiue 1998 ?.).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiue iioae?eiaaii 51 ?iaioa, o
neeaae? yeeo 3 iiiia?ao??, 5 iaoaio?a oa aaoi?nueeeo na?aeioeoa ia
aeiaoiaee.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c?
anooio, 8 ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae ? ie?aiiai
oiio aeiaeaoe?a. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia 334 noi??ieao, i?noeoue 62
?enoie?a, 99 oaaeeoeue. Nienie e?oa?aoo?e neeaaea?oueny c 444 aeaea?ae,
o oiio /ene? 157 ca?oa?aeieo.

INIIAIEE CI?NO

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue ?iaioe, aecia/aii iaoeiao iiaecio
? i?aeoe/io oe?ii?noue ?iaioe, a oaeiae noi?ioeueiaaii aieiaio iaoo
aeine?aeaeaiue.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? “Aiae?oe/iee iaeyae e?oa?aoo?e. No/ani? aniaeoe
canoinoaaiiy oa?/iaeo ?a/iaei o caoeno? ethaeeie a oiiaao ?aae?aoe?eiiai
ii?ii?ithaaiiy” eaeaoueny i?i oa, ui aieiaieie oaeoi?aie ?aae?aoe?eiiai
aieeao ia i?aai?ci ethaeeie ?: ciai?oi? aaiia-aei?ii?ithaaiiy oia?e
aeeeae?a ? ?aae?iaeoeaieo inaae?a, aaiia-, aaoa-, o aeayeeo aeiaaeeao ?
aeueoa-ii?ii?iaiiy ?aae?iioee?aeaie, ye? ?iei?ii?oaaeeny ?iaaeyoe?eiei
aai ia?i?aeueiei oeyoii.

A?o/eciyi? aeine?aeieee Ei?coi A.I., Iiaae Ae.A., Ii?ioiye E.A.,
Na?aaethe A.I., Niiey? A.?., sseeiaiei Ae.I. ?iaeyoue aeniiaie, ui ie??i
i?yiiai iaaeoiaeaeaiiy ?aae?iaeoeaieo ?a/iaei (c aiaeith, ieeii),
?aae?iioee?aee iiaeooue aooe ?iei?ii?iaai? ethaeeiith, i?ieoiaoe aeiaie?
neeaaeiee oeyo o ciai?oiueiio na?aaeiaeu? (iai?eeeaae, c iieieii,
i’ynii, ?ioith ne?iaeiith, yea ae?iuoaaeany ia caa?oaeiaieo caieyo:
o?oeoaie, iai/aie, ceaeiaeie eoeueoo?aie oa ?i.).

Oa?/oaaiiy ethaeae, ye? i?iaeeaathoue a oiiaao ii?ooaiiai aeieia?/iiai
na?aaeiaeua, ia a?aeiia?aea? no/aniei aeiiaai ?aae?icaoeniiai
oa?/oaaiiy. O ca’yceo c oeei aeooaeueiei ? noai?aiiy
e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/ieo i?iaeoeo?a ?c a?aooaaiiyi iniiaieo iieiaeaiue
eiioeaioe?? ?aae?icaoeniiai oa?/oaaiiy. Oe? i?iaeoeoe iiaeii? iaoe
aeanoeaino? ye ?aae?icaoenii? ae??, oae ? i?aeaeuaiiy ?acenoaioiino?
i?aai?cio ethaeeie aei aieeao ia ?? ooieoe?iiaeueiee noai ?ioeo
oe?aeeeainoae — oiene/ieo ?a/iaei, ooio, a?a?aoe??, caaaciaaiino?
iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua i?e i?aeaeuaiiio ia?aiai-aiioe?eiiio
iaaaioaaeaii?.

Ia nueiaiaei? a?o/eciyieie oa caei?aeiiieie a/aieie ?ic?iaeaii ? aea/aii
aaaaoi iiaeo ?a/iaei, ye? ?aeiiaiaeiaai? aeey aeei?enoaiiy o oa?/ia?e
i?iieneiaino? oa a?iiaaenueeiio oa?/oaaii? ye can?a caoenoo ethaeeie
a?ae aieeao ?aae?aoe?eiiai ii?ii?ithaaiiy. Iniaeeai oea ? aeooaeueii
aeey ianaeaiiy, yea i?iaeeaa? ia caa?oaeiaieo oa?eoi??yo.

Iacaaaeath/e ia aaeeeo e?euee?noue a?aeiiinoae i?i
ooieoe?iiaeueii-oaoiieia?/i? aeanoeaino? o?i?/ieo oa oa?/iaeo ?a/iaei
?aae?icaoenii? ae??, i?iaeaia ?o canoinoaaiiy o oa?/iaeo oaoiieia?yo ia
io?eiaea iaeaaeiiai anainyaeiiai ae??oaiiy. ?acii c oei, iiaeia
eiinoaooaaoe, ui i?e aeineoue cia/iiio aeei?enoaii? a oaoiieia?yo
i?iaeoeo?a oa?/iaeo aaeocae i?iieneiaino? a?aeiiino? i?i ?o aeei?enoaiiy
o oaoiieia?yo i?iaeoeo?a a?iiaaenueeiai oa?/oaaiiy iathoue iaiaaeaiee
oa?aeoa? oa iaaeai? o?eueee iiiaeeiieeie i?i?iaeaie.

Oe?eani?yiiaaiiio noai?aiith oe?ieiai ani?oeiaioo oaoiieia?e
iai?aoaa?eeao?a ? eoe?ia?ieo ae?ia?a ?aae?icaoenii? ae?? ia?aoeiaeaea?
a?aenooi?noue iii?ieo aeaieo uiaei aieeao aaaaeaiiy o?i?/ieo oa oa?/iaeo
?a/iaei ?aae?icaoenii? ae?? ia aeanoeaino? aaaaoieiiiiiaioieo oa?/iaeo
nenoai i?iaeoeo?a a?iiaaenueeiai oa?/oaaiiy oa ?o ci?ie a caeaaeiino?
a?ae ??ciiiai?oieo iaoiae?a o?ceei-o?i?/iiai aieeao o i?ioean?
oaoiieia?/ii? ia?iaee.

A oe?eiio, ocaaaeueiaiiy a?aeiiinoae, ui aeeeaaeai? o oeueiio ?icae?e?,
aeicaieeei noi?ioethaaoe iniiai? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue, ni?yiiaai? ia
aeinyaiaiiy iaoe aeena?oaoe??.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “I?aai?caoe?y, iaoiaee oa oaoi?ea aeine?aeaeaiue”
iaaaaeai? i?aai?caoe?ei?, iaoiaeieia?/i?, oaoi?/i? aniaeoe aeeiiaieo
aeine?aeaeaiue.

Aecia/aii oa aeaii oa?aeoa?enoeeo ia’?eo?a aeine?aeaeaiue. Ia’?eoaie
aeine?aeaeaiue aoee o?i?/i? oa oa?/ia? ?a/iaeie: oa?ioeei, aeuea?iao
iao??th, ioaie/i? aen?aee, iaeoei, yaeo/iee ii?ioie, ea?oeiaee ieeie,
aeuee ?no?aiee aaceae?aeueiee a?ea aaoaiea cae/aeia, e??iii?ioie
eaeaiaeoee, aeai?i, ca?iaeee ioaieoe?, ca?iii?iaeoeoe ?NI, oa?/ia?
eiiiiceoe?? ia iniia? oeeo ?a/iaei “A?iae?i?iaoi?-1”, ai?ioiyi? aoei/i?
ae?iae c aeei?enoaiiyi e??iii?ioe?a eaeaiaeoee, aeai?io, ca?iaee?a
ioaieoe?, ae?iae ?c canoinoaaiiyi aeaooeeo ca?iii?iaeoeo?a.

I?ae /an i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue
aeei?enoiao-aaeeny no/ani? iaoiaee oa iaoiaeeee aeine?aeaeaiue:
oioieiei?eiao??y, aaci??aeeiia o?iiaoia?ao?y, aeueaaia?ao?y,
aoiiii-aaeni?aoe?eia niaeo?ioioiiao??y. Iaaaaeaiee ei?ioeee iien oa
ia?ae?e noaiaea?oieo ? i?ea?iaeueieo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiue,
canoiniaaieo i?e aeeiiaii? aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe.

Iaa?oioiaaii aeei?enoaiiy eiiieaenieo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiue, ye?
aeathoue ciiao o iiai?e i??? ioa?aeoa?ecoaaoe ?ic?iaeaio i?iaeoeoe?th
a?iiaaenueeiai oa?/oaaiiy. O ?iaio? aeei?enoiaoaaeeny ye
caaaeueiii?eeiyo?, oae ? niaoe?aeuei? o?ce/i?, o?i?/i?, i?e?ia?ieia?/i?,
a?io?i?/i? iaoiaee.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeeny ye a eaai?aoi?ieo, oae ? o ae?iaie/eo oiiaao
i?aei?e?inoa a?iiaaenueeiai oa?/oaaiiy *i?iiaeeuenueei? ? Caii??cueei?
AAN, i.Ee?aa. Aeie-noaia eiiieaenieo aeine?aeaeaiue i?aaenoaaeaia ia
?en.1.

O?ao?e ?icae?e “Iaoeiaa iaa?oiooaaiiy ?aae?icaoenoo ethaeeie”
i?enay/aiee i?iaeai? i?io?eaeoeee ?iei?ii?aoe?? oa iaa?oiooaaiith
iaoai?cio ?aae?icaoenoo ethaeeie. Ocaaaeueiaia oa cai?iiiiiaaia nenoaia
?aae?icaoenoo i?aai?cio ethaeeie.

?aae?icaoeniee aoaeo aeyaey?oueny ia ??cieo ??aiyo iaoaaie?cio, ui
iaoiiaeaii ?nioaaiiyi aeeoa?aioe?eiaaieo ioneiaeo iaoai?ci?a.

Iaoai?ci ?aae?icaoenoo ia ??ai? nenoaie o?aaeaiiy ?icaeyaea?oueny ye
aeaa i?ioeane — eiiieaeniooai?aiiy ? ni?aoe?y. ?iie aaaaoueio iaoae?a
noeeuei? aei eiiieaeniooai?aiiy, ui ? ia?aaeoiiaith aeey iaa?oiooaaiiy
iiaeeeaino? i?yiiai aieeao ia iai?i ?aae?iioee?ae?a a i?aai?ci? oeyoii
aeei?enoaiiy a?aeiia?aeieo niieoe, yeei i?eoaiaii? eiiieaeniooai?thth/?
aeanoeaino?.

Ia?aaeaa/aiiy a?ieia?/ii? aeoeaiino? ?a/iaei ? aeooaeueiith i?iaeaiith
nueiaiaeaiiy. Aeei?enoaiiy iaoeiaeo ?ic?iaie eaaioiai? o?i?? iiaea
aianoe ?noioiee aeeaae o ?icoi?iiy cia/ieo a?ieia?/ieo i?ioean?a,
iniaeeai iane?aee?a aieeao ?aae?aoe?eiiai ii?ii?ithaaiiy ia i?aai?ci
ethaeeie. O ca’yceo c oeei ?ic?iaeaii ? i?iaaaeaii eaaioiai-o?i?/ia
iiaeaethaaiiy caoenii? caeaoiino? noiniaii iaoae?a oeac?th oa
no?iioe?th.

Aeine?aeaeoaaeeny iniaeeaino? aeaeo?iiii? oa i?inoi?iai? iiaoaeiae
eiiieaen?a Cs+ oa Sr+2 c iaeiei ai?iiii aaeaeoo?iiiai? eeneioe.
Iiaoaeiae aeaio oei?a eiiieaenii?a (?en.2,3) aoee ciaeaeai? oeyoii
iiooeo eieaeueiiai i?i?ioio.

A?aeiii, ui i?oei?noue aoiiieo ca’yce?a oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ?o aeiaaeeiith
(ia ia?aaeuo? 3 A0) oa aia?a??th (a?ae 100 aei 1000 eAeae/iieue). Oiio
naia ?ic?aoiaaia aeiaaeeia ca’yce?a eao?ii?a iaoaeo c aoiiaie eenith
aeaco? ia i?oei?noue eiiieaeno, ui iiaea ooai?thaaoenue.

Aeaeo?iiia oa i?inoi?iaa iiaoaeiaa eiiieaeno Cs+ c iaeiei ai?iiii
aaeaeoo?iiiai? eeneioe oa?aeoa?eco? iiaeeea?noue ca’ycoaaiiy oeac?th (R1
— 2,848A0, R2 -3,028A0). Oe?eaaith aeyaeeany no?oeoo?a, yea
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny oei, ui eao?ii Sr+2 ?c-ca a?eueoi? aio/eino? ai?iio
aaeaeoo?iiiai? eeneioe iaaoa iiaeeeaino? ooai?thaaoe aeiaeaoeia?
eii?aeeiaoe?ei? ca’ycee c aoiiaie eenith a?ae?ieneeueieo a?oi (R1 -2,396
A0, R2 -2,417 A0, R3 -2,502 A0, R4 -2,549A0) (oaae.1).

Ca i?aenoieaie oaeiai aeiaeaoeiaiai eii?aeeioaaiiy ie??i ca?eueoaiiy
aia?a?? eiiieaeniooai?aiiy a?aeaoeiny iaeii/anii oaeiae noa?e/ia
aeieoaaiiy eao?iio iaoaeo. A?eueoi? “ianeoth/i? ae??” iiaeia aeinyaoe
i?e iiaeeea?e aca?iiae?? io?eiaiiai aeua eiiieaeno ?c ianooiiei ai?iiii
aaeaeoo?iiiai? eeneioe. Oaea aca?iiae?y iiaea aooe ?aaeueiith caaaeyee
aaaaeaiith iaeoeio a a?eueo?e e?eueeino? a?aeiinii eao?ii?a iaoae?a
(no?iioe?e, oeac?e).

Oaeei /eiii, o oeoieiai-eeoeiaiio o?aeo? no?iioe?e oa oeac?e c
a?ieia?/ii-aeoeaieie ?a/iaeiaie ooai?ththoue oaeaoi? eiiieaene, ye?
ae?i?iothoue c i?aai?cio ethaeeie.

Aiaeii/an ?c eiiieaeniooai?aiiyi a?aeaoaa?oueny i?ioean ni?aoe??.
Oa?/ia? aieieia — i?e?iaei? ni?aaioe. Iniiaio no?oeoo?io iaeeieoeth
ee?oeiaeie noaiiaeoue oeaetheica, yea o oeoieiai-eeoeiaiio o?aeo? ia
?icuaieth?oueny ? ia canaith?oueny. Ee?oeiaeia [C6H7O2(OH)3]n aaeni?ao?
/anoeio ?aae?iioee?ae?a ? ni?ey? aeaaaeaiith ?o c i?aai?cio ethaeeie.

Ianooiiee iaoai?ci ?aae?icaoenoo ni?yiiaaiee ia e?ea?aeaoe?th aai
ciaioaiiy a?eueii ?aaeeeaeueiiai ieeneaiiy i?aai?cio. Aca?iiae?th
?ia?a?oi??a (In) c ia?ieneaeieie ?aaeeeaeaie (RO2) iiaeia i?aaenoaaeoe
oaeei /eiii:

InH + RO2 ROOH + In (1)

I?e oeueiio ooai?th?oueny iaeiaeoeaiee ?aaeeeae ?ia?a?oi?a (In), yeee ia
caeaoiee a?aoe o/anoue a ?aaeoe?yo ieeneaiiy, iaoii?noue aeoeaiee RO2
ia?aoai?th?oueny a iieaeoeo a?ae?iia?ieneaeo (ROOH).

A?eueo?noue oa?/iaeo ?a/iaei caeaoi? ia?aoiiethaaoe a?euei? ?aaeeeaee,
a?aeaeath/e aoii aiaeith, ui aaeueio? i?ioean ia?aeeniiai ieeneaiiy
e?i?ae?a. Iaea?eueo neeuei? a?aeiiaieee ?aaeeeae?a — oieioa?ie,
anei?a?iiaa eeneioa, oeaaiii?aee, oeaaiie, iaiane/ai? a?iiaoe/i?
aeueaeaa?aee, n??eiai?ni? a?eee oa ai?iieeneioe. Cia/iee aioeieeniee
aieea i?eoaiaiiee naeaio. A?i i?aeo?eio? o oeaieiao o?c?ieia?/iee
??aaiue a?aeiiaeaiiai aethoao?iio, aaeueio? c?inoaiiy anoeeaeieo iooeei.
A?eee — iin?? noeueoa?ae?eeueieo a?oi — aeeiiothoue ?ieue aoaeoeaieo
?iaeoeaaoi??a, eaaei ieenethaaieo aeoeaieie ?aaeeeaeaie.

Ianooiiee iaoai?ci ?aae?icaoenoo aaco?oueny ia noaee?oeiiiio oa
ee?oeiiiio ??ai?. O ?aia?aoe?? aeeoo?aiaaaeeeaeo eiiiiiaio?a ee?oeie
aa?ooue o/anoue a?oai?ie A12, oie??aa ? a?ioiaa eeneioe, a?oai?i N.
Aoaeue-yea oi?ia a?iien?? ciaioo? i?iiaiaaa o?aaeaiiy caaaeyee
iia??oaiith oiia aeey noai?aiiy aa?aneaieo eeniaaeo ieenieo ?aaeeeae?a.
Oae? aeanoeaino? ni?e/eiyoe a?iien?th ? i?eoaiaii? ?yaeo aiaeiaaiieo
i?ioaeoi??a, na?aae yeeo a?iaaii? ai?ie — na?ioii?i, eaoaoieai?ie,
a?noai?i, aoeaoeeoie?i. Aiane?aeie a?iien?? i?aeaeuo?oueny ??aaiue
SH-a?oi. Ooai?aiiy ?aae?ii?ioaeoi??a a i?aai?ci? caeaaeeoue a?ae
caaacia/aiino? aioo??oiueiai na?aaeiaeua iao?ii?iii, a?oai?iaie N oa A6.

Iaoai?ci ?aae?icaoenoo ia?aaeaa/a? ca aeiiiiiaith ioo???io?a ?aii?
oi?ioaaiiy eiiieaeno aioeeaioea?iaaiiiai caoenoo. Aecia/aii a?oie
aioeeaioea?iaai?a i?e?iaeiiai iioiaeaeaiiy, ye? aeyaeythoue naith ae?th
ia o?eueee ia noaae?? ?i?oe?aoe??, aea e i?iiioe?? oa i?ia?an??. Aeoaea
aaaeeeaei ? noai?aiiy eiiieaeno aioeeaioea?iaai?a, ae?th/eo neia?a?/ii.
Aei ieo iaeaaeaoue ia?e oieioa?ie+niieoee naeaio, ?aoeiie+aaoa-ea?ioei.

*aoaa?oee ?icae?e “Iaoiaeieia?y eiino?othaaiiy i?iaeoeoe??
a?iiaaenueeiai oa?/oaaiiy ?aae?icaoenii? ae??” i?enay/aiee
iiaeaethaaiith eiiiiiaioiiai neeaaeo i?iaeoeo?a oa?/oaaiiy
?aae?icaoenii? ae??. A?aecia/aii, ui ??ci? aniaeoe iaoiaeieia?/ieo,
o?ceei-o?i?/ieo, iaaeeei-a?ieia?/ieo iniia oaoiieia?e iiaeo
caaeainiaaieo uiaei oa?/iai? oe?iiino? i?iaeoeo?a iiaeaii aeineoue
aeieeaaeii o iaoeiaeo ?iaioao Aenioeueeiai A.A., Ei?coia A.I., I?oeeea
A.TH., ?iaiaa E.I., ?oaeaanueei? A.A., Niiey?a A.?. oa ?i. Iaeiae
aeine?aeaeaiiy a?o/eciyieo a/aieo uiaei i?iaeooaaiiy ae?iaieoeoaa
oa?/iaeo i?iaeoeo?a ?c caaeaiei neeaaeii ni?yiiaai?, ianaiia?aae, ia
noai?aiiy i?iaeoeo?a, ui ae?iaeythoueny o oa?/iaeo aaeocyo
i?iieneiaino?. Eoe?ia?ia i?iaeoeoe?y, /a?ac naith niaoeeo?eo, c oi/ee
ci?o caaeainiaaiino? neeaaeiaeo ioo???io?a ?, iniaeeai, ?aae?icaoenieo
aeanoeainoae, ia ?icaeyaeaeany.

I?iaeooaaiiy i?iaeoeoe?? a?iiaaenueeiai oa?/oaaiiy ?aae?icaoenii? ae??
e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/iiai i?ecia/aiiy — i?ioean noai?aiiy ?aoeaioo?
no?aa oa eoe?ia?ieo ae?ia?a, yeee caaacia/o? ??aaiue aoaeoeaiino?, ui
caaea?oueny, uiaei i?aeo?eiaiiy iaoa??aeueiiai ? aia?aaoe/iiai aaeaino
i?aai?cio niiaeeaa/?a oa eiai ?aae?i?acenoaioi?noue.

Ia iniia? i?eioeeio I?o/aea-Aeiea cai?iiiiiaai? ye?ni? iieacieee
i?iaeoeoe??, ui ?ic?iaey?oueny, oa aeaaaeaii oi?ioee aeey ?ic?aooieo ?o
e?euee?nieo cia/aiue. A ca’yceo c oeei aeioe?eueii canoinoaaoe
ocaaaeueiaiee (eiiieaeniee) e?eoa??e, yeee ae iiai?oa oa?aeoa?ecoaaa
ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy. Oaeei e?eoa???i iioei?caoe?? acyoi eiiieaeniee
iieaciee yeino? oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano i?e i?iaeooaaii? i?iaeoeoe??
?aae?icaoenii? ae??. I?e oeueiio ioe?iea ?ioaa?aeueii? yeino? iiaea aooe
i??ith aoaeoeaiino? i?iaeoeoe??, ui iniaeeai aaaeeeai i?e eiino?othaaii?
no?aa oa eoe?ia?ieo ae?ia?a ?aae?icaoenii? ae??:

E?iy = Eiy + Eaay (2)

aea, E?iy — ?ioaa?aeueiee iieaciee yeino?; Eiy — eiiieaeniee iieaciee
yeino?; Eaay — a?aeiiniee aeiiii?/iee iieaciee yeino?.

C ?ic?aooieii iieaciee?a yeino? c’yaey?oueny iiaeeea?noue iiaoaeiae
iiaeaeae. I?e oeueiio aeei?enoiaoaaany a?aoiaee niin?a, yeee aeicaiey?
iaea?eueo aeiiiiii caienaoe ? ia?iaeoe ?ioi?iaoe?th, neeanoe aeai?eoi
i?iaeooaaiiy oa ioe?iee yeino? i?iaeoeoe?? a?iiaaenueeiai oa?/oaaiiy
?aae?icaoenii? ae??, ciaeoe iioeiaeueio oaoiieia?th ae?iaieoeoaa no?aa
oa eoe?ia?ieo ae?ia?a.

Ia iniia? eiiieaenii? ioe?iee yeino? i?iaeoeo?a a?iiaaenueeiai
oa?/oaaiiy iiaeia ?ic?aooaaoe eiiieaeniee iieaciee aeiaiaiai niiaeeaaiiy
(IAeN) ethaeeie c o?aooaaiiyi ?aae?icaoenieo aeanoeainoae (oaae.2).

Iaoiaeieia?y i?iaeooaaiiy neeaaeo no?aa oa eoe?ia?ieo ae?ia?a
aeei?enoaia c iaoith iaa?oiooaaiiy caaeainiaaieo ?aae?icaoenieo oa?/iaeo
?aoe?ii?a.

I’yoee ?icae?e “?ic?iaea iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaieo oaoiieia?e ae?iaieoeoaa
oa?/iaeo eiiiiceoe?e ?aae?icaoenii? ae??” i?enay/aiee aea/aiith
oaoiieia?/ieo, ?aae?icaoenieo, o?ceei-o?i?/ieo aeanoeainoae ioo???io?a
(oa?ioeei, aeuea?iao iao??th, iaeoei oa yaeo/iee ii?ioie, ioaie/i?
aen?aee, ea?oeiaee ieeie, e??iii?ioie eaeaiaeoee, ca?iaeee ioaieoe?,
aeai?i, ca?iii?iaeoeoe ?NI) oa ?ic?iaoe? oa?/iaeo eiiiiceoe?e
?aae?icaoenii? ae??.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue yeino? eiiiiiaio?a (iniaeeai ?aae?icaoenieo
aeanoeainoae) oa?/iaeo eiiiiceoe?e aeno?aiiethaaeeny aei aeiia
e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/iiai oa?/oaaiiy ethaeeie ? noaaaee iniiaith aeey
i?aeai?o ?ioeo ioo???io?a i?e eiino?othaaii? ?aoeaioo? no?aa ?
eoe?ia?ieo ae?ia?a.

Ee?i?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy oa?ioeeio cana?ae/eee, ui eiai aeaei?ii?aoeaiee
aoaeo iieyaa? o i?aeneeaii? aene?aoe?? ?aae?iaeoeaiiai oeac?th c
o?ionii. Aeeth/aiiy aei ?aoe?iio oa?/oaaiiy oa?ioeeio ni?eyei
i?aeneeaiith aene?aoe?? oeac?th c eaeii a?ae 33,0 Ae aei 287,6 Ae ia
aeiao, a caaaeueia aeaaaeaiiy c i?aai?cio ca?eueoeeiny a?eueo i?ae o 4
?ace.

I?iaaaeai? aenia?eiaioaeuei? i?i?iaee c’ynoaaee, ui oa?ioeei ia?
aeinoaoi? ooieoe?iiaeuei? aeanoeaino?, aea aeei?enoaiiy eiai o neeaae?
oa?/iaeo eiiiiceoe?e iaaeaaaei ?i iai?e?iaeiiai oaiiiai eieuei?o oa
iaoaeaaiai i?eniaeo. O ca’yceo c oeei, aoei i?eeiyoi ca aeioe?eueia
aeei?enoiaoaaoe eiai ye eiiiiiaio oa?/iai? eiiiiceoe?? eeoa o aeiaaeeao
aenieiai ai?noo oa i?e aino?iio io?o?ii? oeac??i.

Iaea?aeai? aenia?eiaioaeuei? ?acoeueoaoe (oaae. 3) na?ae/aoue i?i
aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy aeuea?iao?a a yeino? ?aae?icaoenieo ?a/iaei.
?aae?icaoeniee iaoai?ci iieyaa? o caeaoiino? ?ic/eiieo aeuea?iao?a
aca?iiae?yoe c iie?aaeaioieie ?iiaie. ?iie iao??th /e eaeueoe?th,
iia`ycai? c ea?aieneeueieie a?oiaie aeuea?iiai? eeneioe, cai?uothoueny
aaaaoiaaeaioieie eao?iiaie, eio?? c’?aeiothoueny c e?eueeiia a?oiaie
iae?iiieaeoe ? ooai?ththoue eii?aeeiaoe?ei? ca`ycee c a?ae?iieneaeieie
a?oiaie iie?naoa?eaeo, ooai?thth/e i?inoi?iao n?oeo. E??i oe???
aeanoeaino?, aeuea?iaoe, ye oa?/ia? aieieia, i?aeneeththoue iioi?eeo
eeoa/ieea ? ni?eythoue i/euaiith i?aai?cio a?ae oe?aeeeaeo ?a/iaei.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy oaoiieia?/ieo aeanoeainoae aeuea?iaoo iao??th c’ynoaaee,
ui eiai aeioe?eueii aeei?enoiaoaaoe o aeaeyae? aeuea?iiaeo ae?aae?a:
e?au? ae?aae? ooai?ththoueny a i?enooiino? oinoi?iieeneiai eaeueoe?th ?
neaaeeo i?aai?/ieo eeneio (oeeo?eiiaa, iiei/ia) i?e ?I 4,5 (?en. 4).

I?e aeine?aeaeaii? ?aae?icaoenieo aeanoeainoae ioaie/ieo aen?aie
iaoe??ioai i?iiiioaaeeny oa?/ia? ?aoe?iie c i?aeaeuaiei ai?noii
ioaie/ieo aen?aie (50 a ia aeiao) ? oae? ae ?aoe?iie aac aen?aie
(eiio?ieue).

Ia ii/aoeo aeine?aeaeaiiy aeaaaeaiiy oeac?th o iaoe??io?a ye
aeine?aeii?, oae ? eiio?ieueii? a?oie, a?aeaoaaeiny, ia?aaaaeii, c
na/ath (ni?aa?aeiioaiiy na/a:eae –2,98:1 – 3,00:1). I?e aaeeaaii?
ae?ia?a ?c aen?aeaie o iaoe??io?a aeine?aeii? a?oie ca?eueoeeiny
aeaaaeaiiy oeac?th c eaeii ?, ye iane?aeie, caaaeueia ae?i?iaoe?y
?aae?iioee?aeo ca 28 aei?a neeaea 19,0% a?ae iaeiie/aiiai o o?e?, oiae?
ye o iaoe??io?a eiio?ieueii? a?oie oeae iieaciee noaiiaea 13,1%.

Aeine?aeaeoaaeeny ?aae?icaoeni? aeanoeaino? ea?oeiaiai ieeeo (?en.5):
e?aoi?noue iaeiie/aiiy oeac?th-137 noaiiaeea 3,45 iae. (60% a?ae
eiio?ieth). ?aae?icaoeniee aoaeo ea?oeiaiai ieeeo iiynith?oueny aenieei
ai?noii a?oai?i?a, i?ioe?aae?aoe?eia ae?y yeeo a?aeiia, a oaeiae
iayai?noth iaeoeiiaeo ?a/iaei, ee?oeiaeie oa ?ioeo a?ieia?/ii aeoeaieo
niieoe.

O oaa?ei, ye? uiaeaiii io?eioaaee ca?iii?iaeoeoe ?NI (eoeo?oaeca,
o?eo?eaea, niy), niinoa??aaee cieaeaiiy ai?noo oeac?th-137. Caaaa/aiiy
?aoe?iio i?iaoaeaeaieie ca?iaie ni?, o?eo?eaea, eoeo?oaece aeicaieeei
cieceoe a?aeiia?aeii ia 28,9%, 16,6% ? 6,9% iaeiie/aiiy oeac?th-137 a
i?aai?ci? (?en.6).

?aae?icaoeniee aoaeo ca?iii?iaeoeo?a ?NI iiaeia iiynieoe aeae?eueeiia
i?e/eiaie. Aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy ia? aeinoaoiy e?euee?noue a ca?i? ?NI
oa?/iaeo aieieii — i?e?iaeieo ni?aaio?a. Ee?oeiaeia aaeni?ao? /anoeio
?aae?iioee?ae?a ? ni?ey? aeaaaeaiith ?o c i?aai?cio ethaeeie. Oaeiae ia?
i?noea aeanoea?noue ca?iiaeo ca?eueooaaoe ai?no oianoiai eeoeiaeea ?
ciaiooaaoe /an ia?aaoaaiiy ?ae? a eeoeiaeeo oa i?enei?thaaoe i?ioean
ae?i?iaoe?? ?aae?iioee?ae?a. I?e?iaei? ?ia?a?oi?e, ye? i?noyoueny a
oe?eueiiio ca?i? (oieioa?ie, n??eiai?ni? a?eee, naeai), ni?eythoue
ca’ycoaaiith a?eueieo ?aaeeeae?a.

Aenia?eiaioaeueieie aeine?aeaeaiiyie anoaiiaeaii ciaioaiiy iaeiie/aiiy
?aae?iioee?ae?a a i?aai?ci? i?e niiaeeaaii? ca?iaee?a ioaieoe?,
e??iii?ioeo eaeaiaeoee ? aeai?io, yea neeaaeaei a?aeiia?aeii 18,14%,
22,4% (?en.7.) ? 14,31%.

Aea/aiiy ?aae?icaoenieo aeanoeainoae ie?aieo ?a/iaei (oa?ioeei,
aeuea?iao iao??th, ioaie/i? aen?aee, ca?iaeee ioaieoe?, iaeoeiai?nia
ne?iaeia, ea?oeiaee ieeie, e??iii?ioie eaeaiaeoee, aeai?i,
ca?iii?iaeoeoe ?NI) aeyaeei aeioe?euei?noue ?o canoinoaaiiy i?e
eiino?othaaii? oa?/iaeo eiiiiceoe?e ?aae?icaoenii? ae??.

?ic?iaeaii iaoeiai iaa?oioiaai? oaoiieia?? oa?/iaeo eiiiiceoe?e (aeey
i?eaiooaaiiy ai?ioiyieo ae?ia?a oa nion?a, “A?iae?i?iaoi?”, ion), ye?
caoeuai? iaoaioaie ia aeiaoiaee.

Oinoee ?icae?e “?ic?iaea iaoeiaiai iaa?oioiaaieo oaoiieia?e ae?iaieoeoaa
no?aa ? eoe?ia?ieo ae?ia?a ?aae?icaoenii? ae?? oa aecia/aiiy ?o yeino?”
i?enay/aiee ?ic?iaoe? iia?oi?o oaoiieia?e ae?iaieoeoaa i?iaeoeoe??
a?iiaaenueeiai oa?/oaaiiy ?aae?icaoenii? ae??.

Iaeiei ?c no/anieo cania?a ia?a?iaee ca?iiaeo c iaoith io?eiaiiy
aenieiye?niiai i?iaeoeoo ? i?e?ii?caoe?y. I?e ?*-ii?ii?ithaaii?
a?aeaoaa?oueny i?ioean iaa??ao (?en. 8), yeee noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny a “cii?
iaa??ao” — i?e?ii?caoe??th ca?ia, a a cii? aeaooo — i?ioeanii ?NI.

Ia iniia? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue oa iaoaiaoe/ieo ?ic?aooie?a
ciaeaeaii iioeiaeueiee ?aaeei ?*-ia?iaee ca?ia: aieia?noue ca?ia — 14%,
?ioaineai?noue ?*-ii?ii?ithaaiiy — 21eAo/i2, oa?i?i ia?iaee — 55 n (?en.
9).

I?e ?*-ia?iaoe? ca?ia i?ae aieeaii oaiia?aoo?e aiaea ca?i?aee
ia?aoiaeeoue o ia?o. Ia?a caiiaith? i?e?ieai?ey?e aiaeinia?ie ca?i?aee,
ii?ooo? ca’ycee i?ae iae?iiieaeoeaie e?ioiaeth ? ?oeio? eiai no?oeoo?o.
Oaeei /eiii, ?*-ia?iaea ca?ia c io?eiaiiyi “aenaaeaeaiiai” ca?ia
ni?e/eiy? aeano?oeoe?th, ui noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny /anoeiaith
eeaenoa?ecaoe??th e?ioiaeth ? ooai?aiiyi aeaeno?ei?a. I?e ca?eueoaii?
?ioaineaiino? ?*-ii?ii?ithaaiiy oa o?eaaeino? ia?iaee ca?eueoo?oueny
e?euee?noue aeaeno?ei?a a?ae 0,5% aei 7,1%, a nooi?iue eeaenoa?ecaoe?? —
aei 20,2%. Oaeei /eiii, e?ioiaeue i?e?ii?ciaaiiai ca?ia eaaei
a?ae?ie?co?oueny ai?eie?oe/ieie oa?iaioaie ii??aiyii c ii/aoeiaei
ca?iii.

No/ani? oaoiieia?? ia?a?iaee a?eueoino? aeae?a ca?iiai? ne?iaeie o
o?aaeeoe?ei? i?iaeoeoe ia aeicaiey? a iiai?e i??? aeei?enoaoe iioaioe?ae
ca?ia: cia/ia /anoeia iiaeeaieo ? a?ieia?/ii aeoeaieo ?a/iaei
ia?aoiaeeoue o iia?/i? i?iaeoeoe. Oaoiieia?y ?NI aeicaiey? aeei?enoaoe
oe?eueia ca?ii i?e caa?aaeaii? a iiai?e i??? a?ieia?/ii aeoeaieo ?a/iaei
oa i?enei?eoe oaieiao eoe?ia?io ia?iaeo.

Ia iniia? ca?iii?iaeoeo?a ?NI ?ic?iaeaii oaoiieia?th aeei?enoaiiy
oe?eueiiai ca?ia. Aenia?eiaioaeueieie aeine?aeaeaiiyie cae?eniaii
oa?aeoa?enoeeo no?aa ?c aeei?enoaiiyi ca?iii?iaeoeo?a ?NI ii??aiyii c
o?aaeeoe?eieie (ia i?eeeaae? no?aa ?c e?oi). Ia?o ca ana cia/ii
nei?i/o?oueny aaciina?aaeiuei oaoiieia?/iee i?ioean ? o?eaae?noue
oaieiai? eoe?ia?ii? ia?iaee. Oae, oaieiaa ia?iaea e?oi ?NI
i?enei?th?oueny a?ae 4,5 ?ace (eaoa ?eniaa) aei 9,6 ?ace (eaoa a?a/aia).
O iiia?aaei?o ?icae?eao cacia/aeinue aaeeea cia/aiiy ee?oeiaeie o
e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/iiio oa?/oaaii? ? aaciina?aaeiuei o
?aae?icaoeno? i?aai?cio ethaeeie. Anoaiiaeaii, ui o aeine?aeieo c?aceao
ee?oeiaeia caa??aa?oueny a?ae 2,3 a (eaoa ioaie/ia) aei 5,8 a (eaoa
a?a/aia), oiae? ye o o?aaeeoe?eieo — a?ae 0,5 a (eaoa a?a/aia) aei 0,7 a
(eaoa ioaie/ia).

O no?aaao c aeei?enoaiiyi ca?iii?iaeoeo?a ?NI caa??aa?oueny a?eueo?noue
i?ia?aeueieo ?a/iaei. E?euee?noue eaeueoe?th, eae?th, iaai?th, oinoi?o
oa cae?ca caa??aa?oueny o aeine?aeieo c?aceao ii??aiyii c eiio?ieueieie
a?aeiia?aeii c 104 aei 270 ia, c 23 aei 64 ia, c 68 aei 92 ia, c 152 aei
272 ia, c 1,5 aei 4,5 ia, oiaoi o o?aaeeoe?eieo eaoao aiia ? iaioith a
1,1…3 ?ace. Oaoiieia?y io?eiaiiy ca?iii?iaeoeo?a ?NI oa oaoiieia?/iee
i?ioean c ?o aeei?enoaiiyi ni?eythoue caa?aaeaiith a?oai?i?a. A?oai?io
A1 i?noeoueny o aeine?aeieo c?aceao (%) a?eueoa ia: 275,0 (eaoa ioaie/ia
?NI), 142,8 (eaoa a?a/aia ?NI), 210,0 (eaoa ?eniaa), 190,9 (eaoa
ioiiyia) ii??aiyii c o?aaeeoe?eieie eaoaie.

No?aae c aeei?enoaiiyi ca?iii?iaeoeo?a ?NI ia?aaaaeathoue ca ye?noth
eoe?ia?i? ae?iae c o?aaeeoe?eieo i?iaeoeo?a. Eiiieaeniee iieaciee yeino?
no?aa aei??aith?: eaoa ioaie/ia:eaoa ioaie/ia ?NI — 0,249:0,337, eaoa
a?a/aia:eaoa a?a/aia ?NI — 0,474:0,676, eaoa ?eniaa:eaoa ?eniaa ?NI
-0,039:0,052, eaoa ioiiyia:eaoa ioiiyia ?NI — 0,072:0,157.

Ia iniia? oa?/iai? eiiiiceoe?? “A?iae?i?iaoi?” ?ic?iaeaii oaoiieia?th
ae?iaieoeoaa ai?ioiyieo eiiaeeoa?nueeeo ae?ia?a — “A?iae?i?iaoi?-1”
(?en.10).

“A?iae?i?iaoi?-1” ia? aenieo i?aaiieaioe/io ioe?ieo (aaee ca
i’yoeaaeueiith oeaeith): niae — 4,95; eiinenoaioe?y — 4,85; caiao —
4,90; ciai?oi?e aeaeyae — 4,95; eie?? — 4,90, i?e caaaeuei?e ioe?ioe?
4,91. A?i ai?uo? i?aeaeuaio, a ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieueieie c?aceaie
(o?noa/ea “I?ni/i?” aeaeaei?), e?euee?noue a?ee?a (ia 80,6%),
i?ia?aeueieo aeaiaio?a (o 8,8 ?aca) i?e cieaeaii? aee?iai? neeaaeiai?
(ia 39%).

Aeine?aeaeaiiy ?aae?icaoeniiai aoaeoo (?en.11) “A?iae?i?iaoi?o-1”
na?ae/aoue, ui i?e niiaeeaaii? ?ic?iaeaieo ae?ia?a a?aecia/a?oueny
cieaeaiiy ai?noo ?aae?iioee?ae?a a i?aai?ci? o iaoe??io?a c 1,511 ieEe
aei 1,05 ieEe (ia 26,86%), oiae? ye o eiio?ie? — ia 9,82%.

Aenia?eiaioaeuei? ?acoeueoaoe yeino? “A?iae?i?iaoi?o-1” ? eiio?ieueieo
c?ace?a (i?aaiieaioe/ia ioe?iea, noia iacai?iieo ai?iieeneio, oa?/ia?
aieieia, nooi?iue aeaaaeaiiy ?aae?iioee?ae?a, noia a?oai?i?a, noia
i?ia?aeueieo ?a/iaei) ia?aaaaeai? o aac?ici??i? aaee/eie ? iiaoaeiaaii
iiaeaeue yeino? i?iaeoeo?a (?en.12). Eiiieaeniee iieaciee yeino?
aeine?aeieo ae?ia?a aei??aith? 0,945, eiio?ieue — 0,40.

Ia iniia? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue i?iaaaeaii aecia/aiiy
iioeiaeueii? e?eueeino? e??iii?ioeo eaeaiaeoee, ca?iaee?a ioaieoe? oa
aeai?io o ae?iaieoeoa? aoei/ieo ae?ia?a. Ia iniia? iaoiaeo iaeiaioeo
eaaae?ao?a i?iaaaeaii ooi/iaiiy iioeiaeueii? e?eueeino? aeiaaaie. Aeey
aoei/ieo ae?ia?a ?c e??iii?ioeii eaeaiaeoee caeaaei?noue ia? aeaeyae:

wmetafile8? ??????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
@????&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyyA??o?? ???&?
?MathType??P????u?th??????aeey aoei/ieo ae?ia?a ?c ca?iaeeaie
ioaieoe?:

wmetafile8? ??O???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
@@???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy???o?? ???&?
?MathType??P????u?th??????aeey aoei/ieo ae?ia?a c aeai?iii:

wmetafile8? ??O???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
@`???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy ??o?? ???&?
?MathType??P????u?th??????aea, yEE, yCI, yAE, -i?aaiieaioe/ia ioe?iea,
aae?a; o-e?euee?noue aeiaaaee, %

Anoaiiaeaia iioeiaeueia e?euee?noue aeiaaaie aei??aithaaea: e??iii?ioeo
eaeaiaeoee — 1,2%; ca?iaee?a ioaieoe? — 10,4%; aeai?io — 4,5%.

I?iaaaeaii iioei?caoe?th i?ioeano aei?eaiiy ai?ioiyieo aoei/ieo ae?ia?a
ia iniia? iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy oaieiai? ia?iaee. Aecia/aii
iioeiaeueio oaiia?aoo?o (t0N) oa oaeaee?noue oee?eoeyoe?? iia?o?y (V,
i/n) o eiiaaeoe?ei?e aea?eeuei?e oao?, i?e yeeo aoaea caaacia/aii
iaeneiaeueio i?aaiieaioe/io ioe?ieo aeia/aieo ae?ia?a. Iioeiaeueia
i?aaiieaioe/ia ioe?iea o aeaiiio oaoiieia?/iiio i?ioean? aeinyaa?oueny
i?e oaiia?aoo?? 223,10N oa oaeaeeino? ?ooo iia?o?y 4,77 i/n ? aei??aith?
4,89 aaee.

Aiae?c o?i?/iiai neeaaeo na?ae/eoue i?i ca?eueoaiiy a?eeiaeo ?a/iaei o
ae?iaao c ca?iaeeaie ioaieoe? ia 22,3% oa ee?oeiaeie o 2,8 ?ace (?c
ca?iaeeaie ioaieoe?) ? a 2,1 ?ace (c aeai?iii).

Aea/aiiy ?aae?icaoenieo aeanoeainoae aoei/ieo ae?ia?a na?ae/eoue, ui
cai?iiiiiaai? aeiaaaee ni?eythoue ciaioaiith iaeiie/aiiy ?aae?iioee?ae?a
a i?aai?ci? oaa?ei ia 13,2% (?c e??iii?ioeii eaeaiaeoee), ia 16% (?c
ca?iaeeaie ioaieoe?), ia 18,9% (c aeai?iii) (oaae.4).

Iieaciee iiaeae? yeino? ae?ia?a ?c ca?iaeeaie ioaieoe? aei??aith? 0,690,
c aeai?iii — 0,654, c e??iii?ioeii eaeaiaeoee — 0,415, oiae? ye o
eiio?ieueieo — 0,235 (?en.13).

?acthioth/e aeuaaeeeaaeaia, iiaeia eiinoaooaaoe, ui aoei/i? ae?iae c
e??iii?ioeaie eaeaiaeoee, ca?iaeeaie ioaieoe? oa aeai?iii iathoue
i?aeaeuai? ye?ni? oa?aeoa?enoeee ? ni?eythoue ae?i?iaoe??
?aae?iioee?ae?a c i?aai?cio ethaeeie.

Nueiiee ?icae?e “?ic?iaea iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaieo ?aoe?ii?a oa?/oaaiiy
?aae?icaoenii? ae?? e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/iiai i?ecia/aiiy” i?noeoue
eiiieaen ieoaiue uiaei canoinoaaiiy ?ic?iaeaieo no?aa ? eoe?ia?ieo
ae?ia?a o ?aoe?iiao oa?/oaaiiy. I?iaaaeaii aiae?c ?aoe?ii?a oa?/oaaiiy
i?aoe?aiee?a *i?iiaeeuenei? ciie a?ae/oaeaiiy. A?aei?/aii, ui
aia?aaoe/ia oe?ii?noue oeeo ?aoe?ii?a caaeuaia ia 1500…1700 eeae,
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae ianith a?ee?a, aee??a oa aoaeaaiae?a noaiiaeoue
1:1,8:6,6 (?noioii a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae ?aeiiaiaeiaaieo o?c?ieia?/ieo
ii?i 1:1,2:4,3…4,5). A?aei?/a?oueny aeao?oeeo neeaaeieo
iie?naoa?eae?a, yeei i?eoaiaii? eiiieaeniooai?thth/? aeanoeaino? —
ee?oeiaeie oa iaeoeio: ?o e?euee?noue noaiiaeoue eeoa 62,4% a?ae ii?ie.

?ic?iaeaii ? caoaa?aeaeaii c?aceiaee aeiaiaee iaa?? i?iaeoeo?a aeey
e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/iiai oa?/oaaiiy i?aoe?aiee?a IAI “I?ei’youe”
*i?iiaeeuenueei? ciie a?ae/oaeaiiy ? ia ?o iniia? — c?aceiaee ?aoe?ii.
Aei neeaaeo ?ic?iaeaiiai ?aoe?iio aeeth/aii a?iae?i?iaoi?e, a?oaiaene,
no?aae oa eoe?ia?i? ae?iae ia iniia? ca?iii?iaeoeo?a ?NI, aeai?io,
e??iii?ioe?a eaeaiaeoee, ioaie/ieo aen?aie.

I?iaaaeaii ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c oaeoe/iiai ? ?ic?iaeaiiai ?aoe?ii?a ia
iniia? iiaeaeae yeino? (?en. 14.)

Iieacieee iiaeae? yeino? ?ic?iaeaiiai ?aoe?iio ia?aaeuothoue ?acoeueoaoe
oaeoe/iiai ?aoe?iio. Eiiieaeniee iieaciee yeino? cai?iiiiiaaiiai
?aoe?iio aei??aith? 2,287, oiae? ye oaeoe/iiai ?aoe?iio — 0,189.

O ainueiiio ?icae?e? “I?aeoe/ia ?aae?caoe?y iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaieo
oaoiieia?e ae?iaieoeoaa no?aa ? eoe?ia?ieo ae?ia?a oa ?aoe?ii?a
oa?/oaaiiy ?aae?icaoenii? ae?? e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/iiai i?ecia/aiiy”
iaaaaeai? caoiaee uiaei caaacia/aiiy i?aeoe/iiai aeei?enoaiiy
oaoiieia?e, ?ic?iaeaieo i?e aeeiiaii? aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe. ?ic?iaeaii
? caoaa?aeaeaii ii?iaoeaio aeieoiaioaoe?th o aeaeyae? OO ? O? oa 6
ca??iee?a ?aoeaioo? ia iiiaae 300 no?aa ? eoe?ia?ieo ae?ia?a
?aae?icaoenii? ae??.

Iia? iai?aoaa?eeaoe ? no?aae, ai?iaaaeaeai? ia i?aei?e?inoaao oa?/oaaiiy
Oe?a?ie, io?eiaee iiceoeai? a?aeaoee ia /enaeueieo aeaaonoaoe?eieo
ia?aaeao. Caaa?oo? ?icae?e ?ic?aooiie aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino?.
Aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue ai?iaaaeaeaiiy “A?iae?i?iaoi?o-1” noaiiaeoue
150 a?eaaiue, ca?iii?iaeoeo?a ?NI — 12 a?eaaiue ia oiio i?iaeoeoe??.
Nioe?aeueiee aoaeo ai?iaaaeaeaiiy aeyaey?oueny o cia/iiio ?icoe?aii?
ani?oeiaioo i?iaeoeoe?? i?aei?e?inoa oa?/oaaiiy, iie?ioaii? ??
niiaeea/eo aeanoeainoae. Aa?o?noue aeiaiaiai iaai?o ?aae?icaoeniiai
oa?/oaaiiy ethaeeie c aeei?enoaiiyi ?ic?iaeaieo ae?ia?a cieaeo?oueny ia
15…18%.

AENIIAEE

1. Eiiieaeniee aiae?c a?o/eciyieo ? ca?oa?aeieo e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae
uiaei i?iaeaie ?aae?icaoeniiai oa?/oaaiiy iieacaa a?aenooi?noue
oe?eani?yiiaaieo nenoaiaoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue o?ceei-o?i?/ieo ?
ooieoe?iiaeueii-oaoiieia?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee i?e?iaeieo a?ieia?/ii
aeoeaieo aeiaaaie ? no?aa ia ?o iniia?, ui ? oaeoi?ii, yeee no?eio?
noai?aiiy iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaieo oaoiieia?e iaea?aeaiiy i?iaeoeoe??
a?iiaaenueeiai oa?/oaaiiy ?aae?icaoenii? ae??
e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/iiai i?ecia/aiiy ? noai?aiiy ia ?o iniia?
?aoe?ii?a oa?/oaaiiy.

2. Cai?iiiiiaaii oa ?aae?ciaaii iaoeiao eiioeaioe?th ii noai?aiith
oaoiieia?/ieo aniaeo?a oaeineiiaeaiiy ani?oeiaioo eoe?ia?ii? i?iaeoeoe??
e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/iiai i?ecia/aiiy oeyoii aeei?enoaiiy oa?/iaeo
?a/iaei ?aae?icaoenii? ae??.

3. Cai?iiiiiaaii oa ?aae?ciaaii iaoeiao a?iioaco iaoai?cio caoenoo
ethaeeie a oiiaao ?aae?aoe?eiiai ii?ii?ithaaiiy ia iniia? iaa?oiooaaiiy
aieeao oa?/iaeo ?a/iaei. Eaaioiai-o?i?/iei iiaeaethaaiiyi iaoeiai
iaa?oioiaaii aca?iiae?th ?aae?iioee?ae?a no?iioe?th oa oeac?th c
aeuea?iiaeie, aaeaeoo?iiiaeie oa ieneeeneioaie. ?ic?iaeaii
eeaneo?eaoe?th ?aae?icaoenieo cania?a ?c aeei?enoaiiyi
a?ieia?/ii-aeoeaieo oa a?ieia?/ii-ei?enieo ?a/iaei.

4. Ia iniia? o?i?/iiai neeaaeo ??ciiiai?oieo aeaea?ae oa?/iaeo ?a/iaei
oa no/anieo oyaeaiue i?i ?o oa?/iao oe?ii?noue iaa?oioiaaii
iaiao?aei?noue aeei?enoaiiy a ?aae?icaoeniiio oa?/oaaii? aeuea?iaoo
iao??th, iaeoeio oa iaeoeiai?nieo i?iaeoeo?a, oa?ioeeio, e??iii?ioeo
eaeaiaeoee, ioaie/ieo aen?aie, aeai?io, ca?iii?iaeoeo?a ?NI.
Aenia?eiaioaeueii i?aeoaa?aeaeaii ?o ?aae?icaoeni? aeanoeaino?.
Aeeth/aiiy a oa?/iaee ?aoe?ii oa?ioeeio ni?eyei i?aeneeaiith aene?aoe??
oeac?th a?ae 33,0 Ae ia aeiao aei 387,6 Ae, a caaaeueia aeaaaeaiiy c
i?aai?cio ca?eueoeeiny a?eueo i?ae o 4 ?ace. E?aoi?noue iaeiie/aiiy
oeac?th i?e aeei?enoaii? iaeoeio ? yaeo/iiai ii?ioeo noaiiaeea
a?aeiia?aeii 65% oa 69% a?ae eiio?ieth. I?e aaeeaaii? ae?ia?a ?c
ioaie/ieie aen?aeaie caaaeueia ae?i?iaoe?y noaiiaeea 19,0% a?ae
iaeiie/aiiai o o?e?, oiae? ye o eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? — 13,1%. Aeei?enoaiiy
ea?oeiaiai ieeeo, ca?iaee?a ioaieoe?, e??iii?ioeo eaeaiaeoee, aeai?io oa
ca?iii?iaeoeo?a ?NI ni?eyei ciaioaiith iaeiie/aiiy ?aae?iioee?ae?a (a%)
a?aeiia?aeii ia 39,3, 18,14, 22,41, 14,31 oa 26,7.

5. ?ic?iaeaii, iaoeiai ? aenia?eiaioaeueii i?aeoaa?aeaeaii oa iaoaioii
i?aeo?eiaii iiao a?iioaco a oaoiieia?? ae?iaieoeoaa oa?/iaeo eiiiiceoe?e
?aae?icaoenii? ae?? uiaei ae?iaieoeoaa ai?ioiyieo ae?ia?a, nieiaeeeo
no?aa, nion?a, a?iae?i?iaoi??a. Aecia/aii ?o ye?ni? oa ?aae?icaoeni?
aeanoeaino?. Oae, nooi?iue aeaaaeaiiy ?aae?iioee?ae?a c aeei?enoaiiyi
oa?/iaeo eiiiiceoe?e noaiiaeoue (%) a?aeiia?aeii: aeey ai?ioiyieo
ae?ia?a — 16,7; iono — 15,2; “A?iae?i?iaoi?o” — 29,4; nion?a — 23,2.

6.Aenia?eiaioaeueieie aeine?aeaeaiiyie anoaiiaeaii, ui ni?eyoeea? oiiae
aeey iaa?yeaiiy iaeoeio ooai?ththoueny i?e ni?aa?aeiioaii? iaeoeio ?
oeoe?o 1:5. Aeine?aeaeaiiy ?aieia?/ieo iieaciee?a ae?aae?a, io?eiaieo c
??ciith eiioeaio?aoe??th yaeo/iiai ii?ioeo, aeicaieeee aecia/eoe, ui
iioeiaeueia ni?aa?aeiioaiiy yaeo/iiai ii?ioeo oa aiaee noaiiaeoue 1:5
i?e ?I na?aaeiaeua 2,8…3,2.

I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy o?ceei-o?i?/ieo oa oaoiieia?/ieo aeanoeainoae
ioaie/ieo aen?aie aeicaieeee aecia/eoe iioeiaeueiee neeaae
ai?ioiyii-aen?aeiai? noi?o?, ui i?noeoue 40% ai?ioia oa 60%
ae??aiiaeenia?aiaaieo ioaie/ieo aen?aie.

7.Cai?iiiiiaaii oa ?aae?ciaaii iaoiaeieia?th noai?aiiy i?iaeoeoe??
a?iiaaenueeiai oa?/oaaiiy ?aae?icaoenii? ae??. ?ic?iaeaii ? aeei?enoaii
o i?iaaaeaii? aeine?aeaeaiue ???a?o?/io no?oeoo?o yeino? i?iaeoeoe??.
Iaaaaeaii iaoaiaoe/io nenoaio uiaei iiaeaethaaiiy eiii’thoa?iiai
i?iaeooaaiiy no?aa oa eoe?ia?ieo ae?ia?a c o?aooaaiiyi ?o ?ie? a
aeiaiaeo ?aoe?iiao oa?/oaaiiy.

8.?ic?iaeaii iaoeiai iaa?oioiaai? oaoiieia?? ae?iaieoeoaa no?aa ?c
aeei?enoaiiyi ca?iii?iaeoeo?a ?NI. I?e oeueiio aecia/aii iioeiaeueiee
?aaeei ia?iaee ca?ia ?*-ii?ii?ithaaiiyi: aieia?noue ca?ia — 14%,
?ioaineai?noue ?*-ii?ii?ithaaiiy — 21 eAo/i2 ? oa?i?i ia?iaee — 55 n.
Aecia/aii ? iiaoaeiaaii iiaeaeue yeino? no?aa c aeei?enoaiiyi
ca?iii?iaeoeo?a ?NI. Aenia?eiaioaeueii i?aeoaa?aeaeaii, ui ye?noue
aeine?aeieo c?ace?a ia?aaeuo? eiio?ieuei?. Oae, eiiieaeniee iieaciee
yeino? no?aa aei??aith?: eaoa ioaie/ia : eaoa ioaie/ia ?NI — 0,249 :
0,339; eaoa a?a/aia:eaoa a?a/aia ?NI — 0,474 : 0,676; eaoa ?eniaa : eaoa
?eniaa ?NI — 0,039 : 0,052; eaoa ioaie/ia : eaoa ioaie/ia ?NI — 0,072 :
0,157.

9.Iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaii ? ?ic?iaeaii ia iniia? oa?/iai? eiiiiceoe??
“A?iae?i?iaoi?” oaoiieia?th ae?iaieoeoaa ai?ioiyieo eiiaeeoa?nueeeo
ae?ia?a. Aenia?eiaioaeueii aeiaaaeaii, ui niiaeeaaiiy ?ic?iaeaieo
ae?ia?a ni?ey? cieaeaiith ai?noo ?aae?iioee?ae?a a i?aai?ci? ethaeeie ia
26,86%, oiae? ye eiio?ieueieo c?ace?a (o?noa/ea “I?ni/i?” aeaeaei?) — ia
9,82%. Eiiieaeniee iieaciee yeino? “A?iae?i?iaoi?o-1” aei??aith? 0,945,
eiio?ieueieo c?ace?a — 0,402.

10.I?iaaaeaii aiae?c oaeoe/iiai oa?/oaaiiy i?aoe?aiee?a ciie
a?ae/oaeaiiy *i?iiaeeuenueei? AAN. Anoaiiaeaii cia/ia a?aeoeeaiiy a?ae
?aeiiaiaeiaaieo o?c?ieia?/ieo ii?i ca oaeeie iieacieeaie (±%): a?eee
oaa?eiiiai iioiaeaeaiiy +92,0; aee?e +90,12; ee?oeiaeia ? iaeoei — 37,6;
eaeueoe?e -10,4; oinoi? -39,1; cae?ci -13,4; anei?a?iiaa eeneioa -14,3;
a?oai?i A2 -36,0; aia?aaoe/ia oe?ii?noue +49,8.

?ic?iaeaii ? ?aeiiaiaeiaaii oa?/ia? ?aoe?iie ?aae?icaoenii? ae??
e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/iiai i?ecia/aiiy (caoaa?aeaeaii IIC Oe?a?ie
09.07.1993?. c?aceiaee aeiaiaee iaa?? i?iaeoeo?a aeey
e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/iiai oa?/oaaiiy i?aoe?aiee?a IAI “I?ei’youe”).

Aa?o?noue aeiaiaiai iaai?o oa?/oaaiiy ethaeeie c aeei?enoaiiyi
?ic?iaeaieo ae?ia?a ?aae?icaoenii? ae?? cieaeo?oueny ia 15…18%.

11.?ic?iaeaii oa caoaa?aeaeaii ii?iaoeaio aeieoiaioaoe?th (OO ? O?) ia
17 aeae?a i?iaeoeoe?? ?aae?icaoenii? ae?? e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/iiai
i?ecia/aiiy. Iiaecio cai?iiiiiaaieo oaoi?/ieo ??oaiue i?aeoaa?aeaeaii
aaoi?nueeei na?aeioeoaii oa 4 iaoaioaie ia aeiaoiaee. ?ic?iaeaii iiiaae
300 iniaenoeo oaoiieia?e no?aa oa eoe?ia?ieo ae?ia?a ?aae?icaoenii? ae??
e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/iiai i?ecia/aiiy. ?ic?iaeaii oa caoaa?aeaeaii 6
ca??iee?a ?aoeaioo? no?aa ? eoe?ia?ieo ae?ia?a. Cai?iiiiiaai? oaoiieia??
ai?iaaaeaeaii o i?aei?e?inoaao a?iiaaenueeiai oa?/oaaiiy i.Ee?aa,
*i?iiaeeuenueei? ciie a?ae/oaeaiiy, Caii??cueei? aoiiii? noaioe??.

Nioe?aeueiee aoaeo ai?iaaaeaeaiiy aeyaey?oueny o cia/iiio ?icoe?aii?
ani?oeiaioo i?iaeoeoe?? i?aei?e?inoa oa?/oaaiiy, iie?ioaii? ??
niiaeea/eo aeanoeainoae.

Aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue ai?iaaaeaeaiiy “A?iae?i?iaoi?o-1” noaiiaeoue
150 a?eaaiue, ca?iii?iaeoeo?a ?NI — 12 a?eaaiue ia oiiio i?iaeoeoe??.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??:

Iiiia?ao??, a?ioo?e, ca??ieee.

1. Ia?ane/iue I.E., Iyoieoeeee O.A., sseeiaiei Ae.I. ?aoeeiiaeueiia
ieoaiea a oneiaeyo eiiece?othuae ?aaeeaoeee / Iiae ?aae.
I.E.Ia?ane/iiai. — E.: Euaeaeue, 1992. — 192 n.

2. Oaieia? i?ioeane oa aia?aoe ia i?aei?e?inoaao a?iiaaenueeiai
oa?/oaaiiy / THe?i I.A., Ia?an?/iee I.?., Oa?anaiei ?.?., E?aneeueie/oe
I.I., E?oon TH.O. — E.: A?iie, 1995. — 176 n.

3. Aa?iaithe ss.E., Ea?iaiei I.I., Ia?an?/iee I.?. Ae??oe/ia oa?/oaaiiy
i?e iaee??ii? oa oeoe?iaiio ae?aaao?. — E.: Ee?a.aea?ae.oi?a.-aeii.o-o,
1997. — 352 n.

4. Ia?ane/iue I.E., E?aa/aiei I.O. THeeia A.E. Nai?iee ?aoeaioo? aethae
e eoeeia?iuo ecaeaeee n eniieueciaaieai ieuaauo aauanoa, auaiaeyueo
?aaeeiioeeeaeu e iiauoathueo caueoiua ooieoeee i?aaiecia /aeiaaea. — E.:
Oi?aoaoieea, 1992. — 89 n.

5. Ia?an?/iee I.?., Eoeue/eoeueea A.I., Ea?iaiei I.I. Ca??iee ?aoeaioo?
no?aa (oaoiieia?/ieo ea?o) aeey e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/iiai oa?/oaaiiy
c aeei?enoaiiyi a?ieia?/ii aeoeaieo aeiaaaie (aeai?i, e??iii?ioee,
aen?aee oa ca?iaeee ioaieoe?, e??iiaa ie?y).-E.: *i?iiaeeue?ioa??ioi?i,
1996.-135 n.

6. Ia?an?/iee I.?., Aaeue/aiaoeueea TH.E. Ca??iee ?aoeaioo? no?aa
(oaoiieia?/i? ea?oe) aeey e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/iiai oa?/oaaiiy c
aeei?enoaiiyi e??iii?ioe?a (eaeaiaeoee, /i?iiie?aeii? ai?iaeie oa
e?iieae). — E.: IAI E?EAN-1, 1996. — 14 n.

7. Ia?an?/iee I.?., Aaeue/aiaoeueea TH.E. Ca??iee ?aoeaioo? no?aa
(oaoiieia?/i? ea?oe) aeey e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/iiai oa?/oaaiiy
oeiey??a c aeei?enoaiiyi e??iii?ioe?a (eaeaiaeoee, /i?iiie?aeii?
ai?iaeie oa e?iieae). — E.: IAI E?EAN-1, 1996. — 11 n.

8. Ia?an?/iee I.?., THe?ia A.?. Oaoiieia?/i? ea?oe eoe?ia?ieo ae?ia?a c
aeuea?iaoii iao??th, e??iii?ioeaie ? aeai?iii // Ca??iee io?oe?eieo oa
?ino?oeoeaii-iaoiaee/ieo iaoa??ae?a ii i?aai?caoe?? oa?/oaaiiy o
naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oieo caeeaaeao i?ioni?eie Oe?a?ie oa ?aoeaioo? no?aa. —
*. 1, 2. — E.: AO “Oe?i?ioicaei?iaieoey”. Oaiaae, 1997. — N. 272-346.

9. Caeiaiia A.E., Oeuaaiaiei A.A., Ia?ane/iue I.E. Nai?iee ?aoeaioo?
aethae e eoeeia?iuo ecaeaeee aeey i?aaei?eyoee iauanoaaiiiai ieoaiey. —
E.: A.N.E., 1998. — 656 n.

10. Ia?an?/iee I.?., E?aa/aiei I.O., A?eai?aiei I.I., Aoeao TH.A.
Ca??iee ?aoeaioo? no?aa (oaoiieia?/i? ea?oe) c aeei?enoaiiyi i?iaeoeo?a
?NI ?c i?iaoaeaeaiiai ian?iiy (ca?ia) aeey e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/iiai
oa?/oaaiiy. — E.: AIO?N, 1998. — 65 n.

Noaoo? o iaoeiaeo aeaeaiiyo.

11. Ia?ane/iue I.E., Eaeoieoeeee I.A., THeei A.A., Caeiaiia A.E.,
Ioae?eoeeee A.E. Aii?inu iiaie oaoiieiaee a aeeaoe/aneie eoeeia?ee //
Aeooaeueiua aii?inu ea/aaii-i?ioeeaeoe/aneiai ieoaiey: Na.iao/i. o?. AI
ONN?. — E.: Iaoeiaa aeoiea, 1980. — N.42-48.

12. Ia?ane/iue I.E. Aieiieeneioiue ninoaa iyniuo ?oaeaiuo ecaeaeee,
ia?aaioaiiuo eiiaeie?iaaiiuie niiniaaie // Eioaineoeeaoeey i?iecaiaenoaa
e niaa?oainoaiaaiey ianeoaeeaaiey a iauanoaaiiii ieoaiee: Na. iao/.
o?..:E.: EOYE, 1980. — N. 11-14.

13. Ia?ane/iue I.E. Eaaeeiao?ey a i?aaiieaioe/aneie ioeaiea ?oaeaiuo
ecaeaeee, ia?aaioaiiuo eiiaeie?iaaiiuie niiniaaie // Oi?aaeaiea
ea/anoaii i?iecaiaenoaa e ianeoaeeaaiey a iauanoaaiiii ieoaiee: Oaiaoe/.
na. o?. — E.: EOYE, 1981. — N.97-102.

14. Ia?ane/iue I.E., THeei A.A., Ieinoa? A.E. Eiiieaeniay ioeaiea
ea/anoaa eoeeia?iuo ecaeaeee // Iauanoaaiiia ieoaiea. Iao/.-oaoi. na. —
E.: Oaoieea, 1982. — Aui.18. — N. 58-62.

15. Ia?ane/iue I.E., Eaeoieoeeee I.A., Caeiaiia A.E., THeei A.A.
Eniieueciaaiea ieuaauo aeiaaaie e i?ia?anneaiie oaoiieiaee aeey
oeo/oaiey ea/anoaa ieue e niaa?oainoaiaaiey aeeaoe/aneiai ieoaiey //
?aoeeiiaeueiia ieoaiea: ?anioae. iaaeaaaeiinoa. na. — Eeaa: Caei?iauea,
1982. — Aui.17. — N.56-61.

16. Ia?ane/iue I.E., Oaoiee I.I., E?aa/aiei I.O. I?aaiieaioe/aneay
ioeaiea eoeeia?iuo eaeaeee n eniieueciaaieai a?eaiiai ieoeaeey //
Iiauoaiea ea/anoaa i?iaeoeoeee e eoeueoo?u ianeoaeeaaiey a iauanoaaiiii
ieoaiee: Oaiaoe/. na. iao/. o?. — E.: EOYE, 1985. — N.14-19.

17. Ia?ane/iue I.E., Oaoiee I.I., ?oaeaineee A.I. Aeieiae/aneay
oeaiiinoue aethae n eniieueciaaieai a?eaiiai ieoeaeey // Eioaineoeeaoeey
i?iecaiaenoaa e niaa?oainoaiaaiey ianeoaeeaaiey a iauanoaaiiii ieoaiee:
Na. iao/. o?. — E.: EOYE, 1986. — N.103-106.

18. Ia?ane/iue I.E. Ea/anoai eoeeia?iuo ecaeaeee n i?eiaiaieai
aaeieniaea?aeaueo i?iaeoeoia // Iao/ii-oaoie/aneee i?ia?ann a
iauanoaaiiii ieoaiee: Na. iao/. o?. — Oa?ueeia: OEII, 1987. — N. 98-101.

19. Ia?ane/iue I.E., ?oaeaineee A.I., Naaiei O.A. Aeeyiea a?eaiiai
ieoeaeey ia ea/anoai nionia e nioniuo iano // Iauanoaaiiia ieoaiea:
?anioaeeeaineee nai?iee. — Eeaa, Oaoieea, 1988. — N.62-68.

20. Ia?ane/iue I.E., ?oaeaineee A.I., Aunioeeay E.A. Aeeyiea
a?iiaoe/aneeo eiiiiceoeee ia ea/anoai aethae n a?eaiui ieoeaeeai //
Iiauoaiea ea/anoaa i?iaeoeoeee iauanoaaiiiai ieoaiey: Na. iao/. o?. —
E.: EOYE, 1988. — N.88-92.

21. Ia?ane/iue I.E., E?aa/aiei I.O. Ea/anoai eoeeia?iie i?iaeoeoeee n
eniieueciaaieai aaeieniaea?aeaueo i?iaeoeoia // Ea/anoai i?iaeoeoeee
iauanoaaiiiai ieoaiey: Na. iao/. o?.-E.: EOYE, 1989.-N.51-56.

22. Ia?ane/iue I.E. Oa?aeoa?enoeea nionia eiioeaio?e?iaaiiuo n a?eaiui
ieoeaeeai ia iniiaa iiaeaee ea/anoaa // I?iaeaiu ea/anoaa eoeeia?iie
i?iaeoeoeee: Na. iao/. o?. — E.: EOYE, 1990. — N.71-74.

23. Ia?ane/iue I.E., Naaiei O.A., A?euaiei E.I.. THeeia A.E. ?ac?aaioea
aethae e eoeeia?iuo ecaeaeee n eniieueciaaieai niaoeeaeueiuo aeiaaaie,
yeeieie?othueo ?aaeeiioeeeaeu // Niaa?oainoaiaaiea i?iecaiaenoaa e
ianeoaeeaaey a iauanoaaiiii ieoaiee a iiauo oneiaeyo oicyenoaiaaiey:
Na. iao/. o?. — E.: EOYE, 1991. — N.105-110.

24. Ia?an?/iee I.?., E?aa/aiei I.O., A?eai?aiei I.I. ?ic?iaea ?aoe?ii?a
oa?/oaaiiy ?aae?ii?ioaeoi?iiai oa ?aae?i?acenoaioiiai i?ecia/aiiy // Ca.
iaoe. i?. — E.: EOA?, 1993. — N.61-63.

25. Ia?ane/iue I.E., E?aa/aiei I.O., Ea?iaiei I.A. ?ac?aaioea i?iaeoeoia
ieoaiey ea/aaii-i?ioeeaeoe/aneiai iacia/aiey // Na. iao/. o?. — E.: IEE
aeaeaiu ieoaiey, 1993. — N.25-28.

26. Ia?ane/iue I.E., E?aa/aiei I.O. sseeiaiei Ae.I., Eiaeo?a E.I.
?ac?aaioea ieuaauo eiiiiceoeee ?aaeeii?ioaeoi?iiai aeaenoaey // ?acaeoea
iauanoaaiiiai ieoaiey a oneiaeyo ?uii/iie yeiiiieee: Na.iao/.o?. — E.:
EOYE, 1993. — N.77-81.

27. Ia?ane/iue I.E., E?aa/aiei I.O., Oeuaaiaiei A.A., THeeia A.E.,
Naoethe A.N. ?ac?aaioea ?aoeaioo? aethae n au?aaeaiiui yeeieie?othuei
yooaeoii // ?acaeoea iauanoaaiiiai ieoaiey a oneiaeyo ?uii/iie
yeiiiieee: Na.iao/.o?. — E.: EOYE, 1993. — N.68-70.

28. Ia?ane/iue I.E., A?eai?aiei I.I. ?ac?aaioea oaoiieiaee i?iecaiaenoaa
ecaeaeee ec ae?iaeaeaaiai oanoa c aeiaaaeaie, oneeeaathueie
?aaeei?acenoaioiinoue i?aaiecia /aeiaaea // Ia?niaeoeau ?acaeoey
ianiaiai ieoaiey e oi?aiaee a oneiaeyo ia?aoiaea e ?uii/iie yeiiiieea:
Na. iao/. o?. — Oa?ueeia.: OEII, 1994. — N.96-99.

29. Ia?an?/iee I.?., E?aa/aiei I.O., THe?ia A.?., Ea?iaiei I.I. Aiae?c
oa?/iai? oe?iiino? ?aoe?ii?a oa?/oaaiiy i?aoe?aiee?a *AAN //
Aaeineiiaeaiiy oaoiieia?e ae?iaieoeoaa oa ianeoaiaoaaiiy a
a?iiaaenueeiio oa?/oaaii? ? aioaeueiiio ainiiaea?noa?: Ca. iaoe. i?. —
E.: EAeOAO, 1995. — N.17-22.

30. Ia?an?/iee I.?., Eiaa?i A.A., Iieaaaoei E.A. ?ic?iaea oaoiieia??
ae?iaieoeoaa i’ynieo no?aa ?aae?i?acenoaioii? ae?? // Aaeineiiaeaiiy
oaoiieia?e ae?iaieoeoaa oa ianeoaiaoaaiiy a a?iiaaenueeiio oa?/oaaii? ?
aioaeueiiio ainiiaea?noa?: Ca. iaoe. i?. -E.: EAeOAO, 1995. — N.51-56.

31. Ia?an?/iee I.?., Eiaa?i A.A. ?ic?iaea oaoiieia?e ae?iaieoeoaa
i’ynieo no?aa ?c eiiieaenieie aeiaaaeaie ?aae?icaoenii? ae?? // ?icaeoie
ianiaiai oa?/oaaiiy, aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa ? oo?ecio a oiiaao
?eieiaeo a?aeiinei: Ca. iaoe. i?. — E.: EAeOAO, 1996. — N.53-58.

32. Ii?ioiye E.A., Ia?an?/iee I.?., A?eai?aiei I.I. ?ic?iaea oaoiieia??
ae?iaieoeoaa ai?ioiyieo eiiaeae?ia?a c aeiaaaeaie e??iii?ioe?a
eaeaiaeoee, iineethth/eo ?aae?i?acenoaioi?noue ethaeeie // ?icaeoie
ianiaiai oa?/oaaiiy, aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa ? oo?ecio a oiiaao
?eieiaeo a?aeiinei: Ca. iaoe. i?. — E.: EAeOAO, 1996. — N.58-62.

33. Ia?an?/iee I.?., Ea?iaiei I.I., Aeeiaa O.E., Ea?iaiei Ae.I.,
Eeoia/aiei I.I. Cia/aiiy i?iaeoeo?a ?ineeiiiai iioiaeaeaiiy a
e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/iiio ? ae??oe/iiio oa?/oaaii? i?aoe?aiee?a
30-e?eiiao?iai? ciie *AAN // ?icaeoie ianiaiai oa?/oaaiiy, aioaeueiiai
ainiiaea?noaa ? oo?ecio a oiiaao ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei: Ca. iaoe. i?.- E.:
EAeOAO, 1996.-N.94-99.

34. Ia?an?/iee I.?., A?eai?aiei I.I., Eiaeo?a ?.I. Iioei?caoe?y i?ioeano
aei?/ee ai?ioiyieo ae?ia?a c ae??aeaeaeiaiai o?noa c aeiaaaeaie
ai?i?iaeoeo?a. // I?aea?aeii/. iaoe.-oaiao. ca. — E.: Aa?a?ia iaoea,
1997.- ?23.- N.45-48.

35. Ia?an?/iee I.?., E?aa/aiei I.O. Iia? e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/i?
i?iaeoeoe — oa?/ia? eiiiiceoe?? “A?iae?i?iaoi?e” // I?aea?aeii/.
iaoe.-oaiao. ca. — E.: Aa?a?ia iaoea, 1997. — ?23. — N.95-98.

36. Ia?an?/iee I.?., E?aa/aiei I.O. Aea/aiiy ?aae?icaoenieo
aeanoe-ainoae oa?ioeeio // Ianiaa oa?/oaaiiy, aioaeueia ainiiaea?noai ?
oo?eci a oiiaao ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei: Ca. iaoe. i?. — E.: EAeOAO, 1997. —
N.59-61.

37. Ia?an?/iee I.?. A?eai?aiei I.I., Oieaaoia TH.A. Iioei?caoe?y
i?ioeano aei?eaiiy ai?ioiyieo ae?ia?a ?c ae??aeaeaeiaiai o?noa // Ianiaa
oa?/oaaiiy, aioaeueia ainiiaea?noai ? oo?eci a oiiaao ?eieiaeo
a?aeiinei: Ca. iaoe. i?. — E.: EAeOAO, 1997. — N.61-64.

38. Ia?an?/iee I.?., A?eai?aiei I.I., Aioiithe ?.TH. Aeei?enoaiiy
oe?eueiiai ca?ia, oa?iiia?iaeaiiai ?*-iaa??aii o
e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/iiio oa?/oaaii? // Oaeineiiaeaiiy oaoiieia?? oa
i?aai?caoe?? ianiaiai oa?/oaaiiy, aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa oa oo?ecio:
Ca. iaoe. i?. — E.: EAeOAO, 1998. — 57-64 n.

39. Ia?an?/iee I.?. Oai?aoe/i? oa i?aeoe/i? ia?aaeoiiae eiiieaenii?
ioe?iee yeino? i?iaeoeoe?? a?iiaaenueeiai oa?/oaaiiy // A?niee
Ee?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aiaaeueii-aeiiii?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo. — 1998.
— ?2.- N. 107-115.

Aaoi?nuee? na?aeioeoaa, iaoaioe

40. A.n. 1233850 NNN? IEE, A 23 L 3/26. Niinia oaieiaie ia?aaioee
ieuaauo i?iaeoeoia / I.E.Ia?ane/iue, A.A.Ieoeue, A.A.THeei (NNN?). —
?3440661/28-13; Cayaeaii 18.05.82. Iioae. 30.05.86, Athe. ?20. — 2 n.

41. Iao. 1774853 NNN? IEE A 23 L 1/06. Niinia i?eaioiaeaiey ionna. /
I.E.Ia?ane/iue, O.A.Naaiei (NNN?). Cayaeaii 12.07.90. Iioae. 07.11.92,
Athe. ?41. — 8 n.

42. Iao 1776187 NNN? IEE A 23 L 1/076, A 23 G 3/00, A 23 L 1/29. Ieuaaie
i?iaeoeo ea/aaii-i?ioeeaeoe/aneiai aeaenoaey “Aeiyeeieiaoi?-1”.
I.E.Ia?ane/iue, O.A.Naaiei, E.A.Iieaaaoei (NNN?). — Cayaeaii 04.02.91.
Iioae. 15.11.92, Athe. ?42. — 8 n.

43. Iao. 1839616 NNN? IEE A 21 D 8/02, A 21 D 13/08. Niinia
i?iecaiaenoaa io/iuo ecaeaeee. I.E.Ia?ane/iue, O.A.Naaiei, E.A.Iieaaaoei
(NNN?). Cayaeaii 12.07.90. Iioae. 30.12.93, Athe. ?47-48. — 10 n.

44. Iao. 1840112 NNN? IEE A 23 L 1/39, A 23 L 1/0532. Niinia
i?iecaiaenoaa nionia. I.E.Ia?ane/iue, O.A.Naaiei, E.A.Iieaaaoei (NNN?).
Cayaeaii 12.07.90. Iioae. 10.02.94, Athe. ?5. — 8 n.

Oace aeiiia?aeae, iaoa??aee iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?e

45. Ia?ane/iue I.E., Ieoeue A.A., THeei A.A.. Eiiieaeniay ioeaiea
iaoiaeia oaieiaie ia?aaioee iyniuo aeeaoe/aneeo eoeeia?iuo ecaeaeee //
I?iaeaiu yeiiiiee yia?ai?ano?nia i?e nicaeaiee e yenieoaoaoeee
oi?aiai-oaoiieiae/aneiai iai?oaeiaaiey: Iaoa?eaeu iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneie
eiioa?aioeee. — Naia?eaiae, 1983. — N.125-132.

46. Ia?ane/iue I.E., ?oaeaineee A.I., Oaoiee I.I. Aeeyiea
aaeieniaea?aeaueo aeiaaaie ia ea/anoai aethae // Iaoa?eaeu iao/iie
eiioa?aioeee “Eiaeono?eaeueiua iaoiaeu i?iecaiaenoaa eoeeia?iie
i?iaeoeoeee ia e?oiiuo i?iiuoeaiiuo i?aaei?eyoeyo”. — Oa?ueeia: OEII —
1987. N. — 162-165.

47. Ia?ane/iue I.E., E?aa/aiei I.O., sseeiaiei Ae.I., Eiaeo?a E.I.
?ac?aaioea i?iaeoeoia ieoaiey ea/aaii-i?ioeeaeoe/aneiai iacia/aiey,
yeeieie?othueo ?aaeeiioeeeaeu ec i?aaiecia /aeiaaea // Iaoa?eaeu
iao/.eiio. IEE aeaeaiu ieoaiey. — E, 1992. — N. 46-50.

48. Ia?an?/iee I.?., A?eai?aiei I.I. ?ic?iaea oaoiieia?? ae?iaieoeoaa
ai?ioiyieo ae?ia?a ?aae?i?acenoaioii? ae?? // ?icaeoie ianiaiai
oa?/oaaiiy, aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa oa oo?ecio a oiiaao ?eieiaeo
a?aeiinei: Iaoa??aee i?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe??. —
E.: EAeOAO, 1994. — N. 28-30.

49. Ia?an?/iee I.?., A?eai?aiei I.I. ?ic?iaea oaoiieia?e ae?iaieoeoaa
no?aa c aeiaaaeaie e??iii?ioeo eaeaiaeoee, yeee iineeth?
?aae?i?acenoaioi?noue i?aai?cio ethaeeie // Iaoa??aee iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii?
eiioa?aioe?? Iieoaanueeiai eiiia?aoeaiiai ?inoeoooo. — Iieoaaa.: IE?,
1995. — N.26-29.

50. Ia?an?/iee I.?., Ea?iaiei Ae.I. ?ic?iaea iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaieo
?aoe?ii?a oa?/oaaiiy ?aae?icaoenii? ae?? e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/iiai
i?ecia/aiiy // Iaoa??aee i?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe??
“I?iaeaie yeino? o a?iiaaenueeiio oa?/oaaii?, aioaeueiiio ainiiaea?noa?
? oo?eci?”. — E.: EAeOAO, 1998. — 141-144 n.

51. Oeeaoeueia I.A., Ia?an?/iee I.?. Aecia/aiiy iioeiaeueiiai ?aaeeio
ia?iaee ca?ia ?*-ii?ii?ithaaiiyi // Iaoa??aee i?aeia?iaeii?
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? “I?iaeaie yeino? o a?iiaaenueeiio
oa?/oaaii?, aioaeueiiio ainiiaea?noa? ? oo?eci?”. — E, 1998. — 249-252
n.

AIIOAOe??

Ia?an?/iee I.?. Iaoeiaa iaa?oiooaaiiy oa ?ic?iaea oaoiieia?e i?iaeoeo?a
a?iiaaenueeiai oa?/oaaiiy ?aae?icaoenii? ae??. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a oaoi?/ieo iaoe ca
niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.18.16 — oaoiieia?y i?iaeoeo?a oa?/oaaiiy. —
Ee?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aiaaeueii-aeiiii?/iee oi?aa?neoao, Ee?a,1999.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii ?ica’ycaiith i?iaeaie noai?aiiy i?iaeoeo?a
oa?/oaaiiy ?aae?icaoenii? ae??. A ?iaio? ?icaeaa?oueny iiaee iai?yiie a
oaoiieia?? i?iaeoeo?a a?iiaaenueeiai oa?/oaaiiy, caniiaaiee ia
eiioeaioe?? noai?aiiy oaoiieia?/ieo iniia oaeineiiaeaiiy eoe?ia?ii?
i?iaeoeoe?? oeyoii aeei?enoaiiy ?a/iaei ?aae?icaoenii? ae??: aeuea?iaoo
iao??th, aeai?io, e??iii?ioeo eaeaiaeoee, ca?iaee?a ioaieoe?, ea?oeiaiai
ieeeo, ca?iii?iaeoeo?a ?NI. Anoaiiaeaii, ui oe?eani?yiiaaia aeei?enoaiiy
ooieoe?iiaeueii-oaoiieia?/ieo aeanoeainoae oa?/iaeo eiiiiceoe?e iaaea?
iiaeeea?noue ?aae?coaaoe i?eioeeie oaeineiiaeaiiy ?nioth/eo oa noai?aiiy
i?ia?aneaieo oaoiieia?e i?iaeoeo?a oa?/oaaiiy. Cai?iiiiiaaii iia?
iaoeiai iaa?oioiaai? oaoiieia?? ae?iaieoeoaa no?aa oa eoe?ia?ieo ae?ia?a
?aae?icaoenii? ae?? c aeei?enoaiiyi ??cieo aeae?a ne?iaeie. Iniiai?
?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe ciaeoee i?iieneiaa canoinoaaiiy o ae?iaieoeoa?
oa?/iaeo i?iaeoeo?a ?aae?icaoenii? ae?? ia i?aei?e?inoaao a?iiaaenueeiai
oa?/oaaiiy *i?iiaeeuenei? oa Caii??cueei? AAN.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: oaoiieia?y, no?aae ? eoe?ia?i? ae?iae ?aae?icaoenii?
ae??, oa?/ia? eiiiiceoe??.

Ia?ane/iue I.E. Iao/iia iainiiaaiea e ?ac?aaioea oaoiieiaee i?iaeoeoia
iauanoaaiiiai ieoaiey ?aaeeicaueoiiai aeaenoaey. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie aeieoi?a oaoie/aneeo iaoe ii
niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.18.16 — oaoiieiaey i?iaeoeoia ieoaiey. — Eeaaneee
ainoaea?noaaiiue oi?aiai-yeiiiie/aneee oieaa?neoao, Eeaa,1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia iainiiaaieth, ?ac?aaioea e aiaae?aieth iao/ii
iainiiaaiiuo oaoiieiaee i?iaeoeoia n ?aaeeicaueoiuie naienoaaie e
nicaeaieth ?aoeeiiia ieoaiey ea/aaii-i?ioeeaeoe/aneiai iacia/aiey.

I?iaaaeaiiue eiiieaeniue aiaeec ioa/anoaaiiuo e ca?oaaaeiuo eeoa?aoo?iuo
enoi/ieeia ii i?iaeaia ?aaeeicaueoiiai ieoaiey iieacae ionoonoaea
oeaeaiai?aaeaiiuo nenoaiaoe/aneeo enneaaeiaaiee oeceei-oeie/aneeo e
ooieoeeiiaeueii-oaoiieiae/aneeo oa?aeoa?enoee i?e?iaeiuo aeieiae/anee
aeoeaiuo aeiaaaie e nicaeaiey ia eo iniiaa i?iaeoeoia iauanoaaiiiai
ieoaiey. Yoi yaeyaony oaeoi?ii, eioi?ue oi?iiceo nicaeaiea iao/ii
iainiiaaiiuo oaoiieiaee iieo/aiey i?iaeoeoeee iauanoaaiiiai ieoaiey
?aaeeicaueoiiai aeaenoaey e nicaeaiey ia eo iniiaa ?aoeeiiia ieoaiey.

?ac?aaioaia iao/iay aeiioaca. Eaaioiai-oeie/aneei iiaeaee?iaaieai iao/ii
iainiiaaii acaeiiaeaenoaea ?aaeeiioeeeaeia no?iioeey e oeacey n
aeueaeiiauie, aaeaeoo?iiiauie e ieneeeneioaie. ?ac?aaioaia
eeanneoeeaoeey ?aaeeicaueoiuo n?aaenoa ia iniiaa eniieueciaaiey
aeieiae/anee aeoeaiuo aauanoa.

Iao/ii iainiiaaia, ?ac?aaioaia e yenia?eiaioaeueii iiaeoaa?aeaeaia
eiioeaioeey eniieueciaaiey iaoo?aeueiuo i?e?iaeiuo ieuaauo ioo?eaioia a
i?iecaiaenoaa aethae e eoeeia?iuo ecaeaeee ?aaeeicaueoiiai aeaenoaey.

Ia iniiaaiee oeie/aneiai ninoaaa ?acee/iuo enoi/ieeia ieuaauo aauanoa e
nia?aiaiiuo i?aaenoaaeaiee i ieuaaie oeaiiinoe iainiiaaia
iaiaoiaeeiinoue eniieueciaaiey aeueaeiaoa iao?ey, iaeoeia e
iaeoeiniaea?aeaueo i?iaeoeoia, oa??ioeeia, e?eiii?ioea eaeaiaeoeu,
yeaieia, ca?iii?iaeoeoia ANI a i?iecaiaenoaa i?iaeoeoia ?aaeeicaueoiiai
aeaenoaey. Yenia?eiaioaeueii iiaeoaa?aeaeaiu eo ?aaeeicaueoiua naienoaa.
Aeeth/aiea a ieuaaie ?aoeeii oa??ioeeia niinianoaoao oneeaieth
aene?aoeee n 33,0 Ae aei 38,7 Ae a nooee, a iauaa auaaaeaiea
?aaeeiioeeeaeia ec i?aaiecia oaaee/eeinue aieueoa /ai a 4 ?aca. I?e
eniieueciaaiee ecaeaeee n ioaie/iuie io?oayie iauay yeeieiaoeey
ninoaaeea 19,0% io iaeiieaiey a oaea, oiaaea eae a eiio?ieueiie a?oiia —
13,1%. Eniieueciaaiea oeaaoi/iie iueueoeu, ca?iaeuoae ioaieoeu,
e?eiii?ioea eaeaiaeoeu, yeaieia e ca?iii?iaeoeoia ANI niinianoaiaaei
oiaiueoaieth iaeiieaiey ?aaeeiioeeeaeia a i?aaiecia niioaaonoaaiii ia
39,3%, 18,14%, 22,41%, 14,31% e 26,7%.

I?aaeeiaeaia e ?aaeeciaaia iaoiaeieiaey eiino?oe?iaaiey i?iaeoeoeee
iauanoaaiiiai ieoaiey ?aaeeicaueoiiai aeaenoaey. I?eaaaeaia
iaoaiaoe/aneay nenoaia aeey eiiiuethoa?iiai i?iaeoe?iaaiey aethae e
eoeeia?iuo ecaeaeee n o/aoii eo ?iee a nooi/iuo ?aoeeiiao ieoaiey.

?ac?aaioaia, yenia?eiaioaeueii iainiiaaia e iaoaioii iiaeaea?aeaia iiaay
eiioeaioeey a oaoiieiaee i?iecaiaenoaa ieuaauo eiiiiceoeee
?aaeeicaueoiiai aeaenoaey i?e i?iecaiaenoaa io/iuo ecaeaeee, neaaeeeo
aethae, nionia, aeiyeeieiaoi?ia.

?ac?aaioaiu iao/ii iainiiaaiiua oaoiieiaee i?iecaiaenoaa aethae n
eniieueciaaieai ca?iii?iaeoeoia ANI. Ii?aaeaeaia e iino?iaia iiaeaeue
ea/anoaa aethae n eniieueciaaieai ca?iii?iaeoeoia ANI. Yenia?eiaioaeueii
iiaeoaa?aeaeaii, /oi ea/anoai enneaaeoaiuo ia?acoeia auoa eiio?ieueiuo.
Oae, eiiieaeniue iieacaoaeue ea/anoaa aethae ?aaai (eaoa eiio?ieue :
eaoa ANI): eaoa ioaie/iay — 0,249 : 0,339; eaoa a?a/iaaay — 0,474 :
0,676; eaoa ?eniaay — 0,039 : 0,052.

?ac?aaioaia e iao/ii iainiiaaia ia iniiaa ieuaaie eiiiiceoeee
“Aeiyeeieiaoi?” oaoiieiaey i?iecaiaenoaa io/iuo eiiaeeoa?neeo ecaeaeee.
Yenia?eiaioaeueii aeieacaii, /oi eniieueciaaiea ?ac?aaioaiiuo ecaeaeee
niinianoaoao nieaeaieth niaea?aeaiey ?aaeeiioeeeaeia a i?aaiecia
/aeiaaea ia 26,86%, oiaaea eae eiio?ieueiuo — ia 9,82%.

Yenia?eiaioaeueiuie enneaaeiaaieyie ii?aaeaeaii iioeiaeueiia eiee/anoai
e?eiii?ioea eaeaiaeoeu, ca?iaeuoae ioaieoeu, yeaieia i?e i?iecaiaenoaa
io/iuo aoei/iuo ecaeaeee. Iaoaiaoe/aneeie iaoiaeaie i?iaaaeaii eo
ooi/iaiea. I?e yoii iioeiaeueiia eiee/anoai aeiaaaie ninoaaeei:
e?eiii?ioea eaeaiaeoeu — 1,2%; ca?iaeuoae ioaieoeu — 10,4%; yeaieia —
4,5%.

Ia iniiaaiee iaoaiaoe/aneiai iiaeaee?iaaiey i?iaaaeaia iioeiecaoeey
i?ioeanna auia/ee io/iuo aoei/iuo ecaeaeee. Iioeiaeueiay
i?aaiieaioe/aneay ioeaiea ecaeaeee aeinoeaaaony i?e t=223,10N e nei?inoe
iioiea aicaeooa — 4,77 i/n.

Eco/aiea ?aaeeicaueoiuo naienoa aoei/iuo ecaeaeee naeaeaoaeuenoaoao, /oi
i?aaeeiaeaiiua aeiaaaee niinianoaotho nieaeaieth iaeiieaiey
?aaeeiioeeeaeia a i?aaiecia: ia 13,2% — ecaeaeey n e?eiii?ioeii
eaeaiaeoeu, ia 16% — n ca?iaeuoaie ioaieoeu, ia 18,9% — n yeaieiii.
Iieacaoaee iiaeaee ea/anoaa ecaeaeee n ca?iaeuoaie ioaieoeu ninoaaeytho
0,69, n yeaieiii — 0,65, n e?eiii?ioeii eaeaiaeoeu — 0,41, oiaaea eae
eiio?ieueiiai ecaeaeey — 0,24.

I?iaaaeai aiaeec oaeoe/aneiai ieoaiey ?aaioieeia ciiu io/oaeaeaiey
*a?iiaueueneie AYN. ?ac?aaioaiu e ooaa?aeaeaiu ieuaaua ?aoeeiiu
?aaeeicaueoiiai aeaenoaey aeey ea/aaii-i?ioeeaeoe/aneiai ieoaiey
?aaioieeia III “I?eiyoue”.

?ac?aaioaia e ooaa?aeaeaia ii?iaoeaiay aeieoiaioaoeey (OO e OE) ia 17
aeaeia i?iaeoeoeee ?aaeeicaueoiiai aeaenoaey. Iiaecia i?aaeeiaeaiiuo
oaoiieiae/aneeo ?aoaiee caueuaia 5 iaoaioaie e aaoi?neeie
naeaeaoaeuenoaaie ia ecia?aoaiey. ?ac?aaioaii aieueoa 300 oaoiieiaee
aethae e eoeeia?iuo ecaeaeee ?aaeeicaueoiiai aeaenoaey
ea/aaii-i?ioeeaeoe/aneiai iacia/aiey. ?ac?aaioaiu e ooaa?aeaeaiu 6
nai?ieeia ?aoeaioo? (oaoiieiae/aneeo ea?o) aethae e eoeeia?iuo ecaeaeee.

I?aaeeiaeaiiua oaoiieiaee aiaae?aiu ia i?aaei?eyoeyo iauanoaaiiiai
ieoaiey a.Eeaaa, *a?iiaueueneie ciiu io/oaeaeaiey, Caii?iaeneie aoiiiie
noaioeee.

Yeiiiie/aneay yooaeoeaiinoue aiaae?aiey “Aeiyeeieiaoi?a-1” ninoaaeyao
150 a?eaai, ca?iii?iaeoeoia ANI — 12 a?eaai ia oiiio i?iaeoeoeee.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: oaoiieiaey, aethaea e eoeeia?iua ecaeaeey
?aaeeicaueoiiai aeaenoaey, ieuaaua eiiiiceoeee.

M.Peresichny. Scientific ground and work-out of public catering
radioprotective foods technologies. — Manuscript

Thesis for a doctor`s degree by speciality 05.18.16 — technology of
food products. — Kiev State University of Trade and Economics, Kiev,
1999.

The thesis is devoted to the solution of the problem of the creation of
radioprotective foods. A new trend in technology of public catering
foods is developed in this research, it is based on the concept of
developing technological basis for the improvement of culinary produce
with the help of radioptotective substances use: alginate sodium,
elamin, criopowders of calendula officialice, wheat germs, flower
pollen, cornproducts ESO. It is established that purposeful use of
functional technological properties of food compositions makes it
possible to realize the principles of the improvement of existing and
creation of progressive technologies of foodstuffs. The production of
new scientifically grounded technologies of dishes and culinary products
with radioprotective action with the usage of different types of raw
materials are worked out. The main results this work found their
industrial application in the production of radioprotective foodstuffs
at public catering enterprises of the Chernobyl and Zaporozhskaya Power
Stations.

Key words: technology, dishes and culinary products with radioprotective
action, food compositions.

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