2

I?I?NOA?NOAI IOI?IIE CAeI?IA’ss OE?A?IE

IAOe?IIAEUeIEE IAAeE*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

?iai? I.I.AIAIIIEUeOess

OAeE 616-036.2:612.014.489 (477.42)

IA?AIIIIA C?IIA?E IEOAEEIAE*

IAOEIAA IAA?OIOOAAIIss

EIIIEAENO I?AAI?CAOe?EIEO CAOIAe?A UIAeI

IAAeE*II? ?AAA?OAOe?? Ae?OAE OA I?AeE??E?A,

ssE? IINO?AAEAeAEE AIANE?AeIE

*I?IIAEEUeNEI? EAOANO?IOE

14.02.03 — nioe?aeueia iaaeeoeeia

A A O I ? A O A ? A O

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

Ee?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia o A?iieoeueeiio aea?aeaaiiio iaaee/iiio oi?aa?neoao?
?iai? I.?.Ie?iaiaa IIC Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Iiiiia?aiei A?eoi? Ieoaeeiae/,

Oe?a?inueeee ?inoeooo a?iiaaenueeiai
caei?ia’y,

aee?aeoi?

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Oaethaeaiei Aiaoie?e Ieaen?eiae/,

Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao

?iai? I.I.Aiaiiieueoey,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e nioe?aeueii? a?a??ie ?

i?aai?caoe?? ioi?iie caei?ia’y ii
i?aeaeuaiith

eaae?o?eaoe?? ea??aieo eaae??a.

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Iaae?eueei A?eoi? Iao?iae/,

?inoeooo iaae?ao???, aeooa?noaa ?

a?iaeieia?? AII Oe?a?ie,

ea??aiee a?aeae?eo iaoeiaeo i?iaeai

ioi?iie caei?ia`y iaoa?? ? aeeoeie.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Ee?anueea iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y i?neyaeeieiiii?

ina?oe ?i. I.E.Ooieea IIC Oe?a?ie,

eaoaae?a oi?aae?iiy ioi?iiith
caei?ia’y,

i.Ee?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 6 ea?oiy 2000 ?. i 13-30 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.003.01 i?e Iaoe?iiaeueiiio
iaaee/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? I.I.Aiaiiieueoey ca aae?anith: 252057,
Ee?a-57, i?iniaeo Ia?aiiae,

34, nai?oa?ii-a?a??i?/iee ei?ion, aoaeeoi??y ? 2.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? I.I.Aiaiiieueoey ca aae?anith: Ee?a-57,
aoe. Ciieia?/ia, 3.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 24 ethoiai 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe,

i?ioani? I.I.ssai?ianueeee

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie. Iniiaiith iciaeith aaeocaai? nenoaie ioi?iie
caei?ia’y ? aa?iii?eia caaeainiaai?noue oi?aae?inueei?, ooieoe?iiaeueii?
oa ?io?ano?oeoo?ii? ae?yeueiino?, iai?aaeaii? ia iaeneiaeueii iiaeeeaa
caa?aaeaiiy ? a?aeiiaeaiiy caei?ia’y ianaeaiiy, cie?aia, aeeoy/iai,
ine?eueee noai a?iiaaenueeiai caei?ia’y ia o?eueee ? nooi iaaee/iith
i?iaeaiith, a e ?icaeyaea?oueny a yeino? iaeiiai ?c aaaeeeaeo
?ioaa?aeueieo iieaciee?a ?icaeoeo noni?euenoaa. Aeoiaey/e c no/anieo
oiia, aeooae?co?oueny iaiao?aei?noue i?aai?caoe?? oa oi?ioaaiiy oaei?
nenoaie, yea a a?ae??ciyeanue a?eueo a??ia?aeiith aio/e?noth,
aeeiai?ciii ? aeiiii?/i?noth (TH.I.Ni?aeaiei, 1992; A.I.Na?aethe, 1997;
A.I.E?eooiia, 1997; ?.A.Aiaaoe?ueiaa, 1998).

I?ioa ia i?aeoeoe? aaaaoianiaeoi? i?iaeaie ioi?iie caei?ia’y
ae??oothoueny oaeoe/ii ?nioth/ith nenoaiith, ia a?aoiaoth/e oa, ui ??
ia?aaaaeiei ooieoe?iiaeueiei i?ecia/aiiyi ? ae??oaiiy ieoaiue
a?aeiiaeaiiy caei?ia’y oa cae?eniaiiy iaaee/ii? i?io?eaeoeee. Oey
iaocaiaeaeai?noue iniaeeai a?ae/oaa?oueny a ?aa?iiao, ye? iaea?eueo
iino?aaeaeaee aiane?aeie aaa??? ia *i?iiaeeuenuee?e AAN, aea aeiaeaoeiai
noai?eeenue ia’?eoeaii iaoiiaeai? ianoaaeie, ui iaa?oue /a?ac 12 ?ie?a
i?ney aaa??? iio?aaothoue iaa?aeeeaaeiiai iaoeiaiai oa i?aeoe/iiai
ae??oaiiy (A.I.Iiiiia?aiei, 1995; A.I.Iaai?ia, 1998; C.I. Ia?aiiiia,
1999).

Na?aae eiioeiaaio?a, aeoeaiiai caoenoo iio?aao?, a ia?oo /a?ao aeeoy/a
ianaeaiiy o ca’yceo c ?o ae?aaeaiith /ooeea?noth aei aeieia?/iiai
iaaeaaiiieo//y (?.A.Aii/a?oe ? ni?aaao., 1989; A.TH.?iiaiaiei ?
ni?aaao., 1997; A.A.Aaaaoei, 1997; A.A.Aa?aeia, 1998).

Iaeiae, iaeiie/aiiy iaoeiai? ?ioi?iaoe?? noiniaii iaao?oiiai noaio
caei?ia’y ae?oae oa i?aee?oe?a, anoaiiaeaiiy iaaaoeaieo iie?ioeaaeo
?acoeueoao?a aaaaoieiiiiiaioieo i?e/eiii-iane?aeeiaeo ca’yce?a a eaioe?
“na?aaeiaeua — niin?a aeeooy — ae?oe”, iaa?oiooaaiiy oa ao?eaiiy
caoiae?a i?aai?caoe?eiiai oa e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/iiai ci?noo ia
aeiaeathoue iiee ui aei?aaaeaiiai iioei?cio uiaei aoaeoeaiiai ?o
ae??oaiiy, i?eiaei? ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai? (A.I.Iaae?eueei ? ni?aaao.,
1996; I.I.Eoe’yiiaa, 1998; A.?.Oaa?aiei ? ni?aaao., 1998).

Aeuaiaaaaeaia aeicaiey? aaaaeaoe i?iaeaio iaoeiaiai iaa?oiooaaiiy
i?ia?aie iaaee/ii? ?aaa?e?oaoe?? ae?oae ? i?aee?oe?a, ye? iaoeathoue ia
oa?eoi??yo ?aae?iaeieia?/iiai caa?oaeiaiiy ia iniia? ?aa?iiaeueii?
nenoaie iaaee/ii? ?aaa?e?oaoe?? aeeoy/iai ianaeaiiy aaaeeeaei
ia?iaeii-ainiiaea?nueeei caaaeaiiyi, ui iaoiiaeth? aeooaeuei?noue
aeine?aeaeaiiy ? eiai iaoo.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeeiiaia
aeine?aeaeaiiy ? neeaaeiaith /anoeiith iaoeiai-aeine?aeieoeueei? ?iaioe
A?iieoeueeiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I.?.Ie?iaiaa “?ic?iaea
i?io?eaeoe/ieo ? e?eoaaeueieo caoiae?a i?e ai?eii-caiaeueieo
caoai?thaaiiyo ae?oae, ye? i?iaeeaathoue a cii? o?eaaei? ae?? iaeeo aeic
?aae?aoe??” (iiia? aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 0197V014423).

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoeiai iaa?oiooaaoe eiiieaen
iaaeeei-i?aai?caoe?eieo caoiae?a uiaei ?ic?iaee niaoe?ae?ciaaieo i?ia?ai
?aaa?e?oaoe?? aeeoy/iai ? i?aee?oeiaiai ianaeaiiy oa a?aeiia?aeii?
?aa?iiaeueii? nenoaie iaaee/iiai caaacia/aiiy.

Caaaeaiiy, iaoiiaeai? iaoith aeine?aeaeaiiy ia?aaeaa/aee:

— aea/eoe no?oeoo?o oa aeeiai?eo caoai?thaaiino? aeeoy/iai ianaeaiiy ca
aeaieie caa?oaiue o iaaee/i? caeeaaee, iaaee/ieo iaeyae?a oa iieaciee?a
iia?eiai? nia?oiino? ca ia??iae 1991-1997 ??.

— aecia/eoe iieacieee o?ce/iiai ?icaeoeo oa noaoaai? c??eino?
aeeoy/iai ianaeaiiy.

— ni?anoaaeoe ??ai? ie?aieo iieaciee?a noaio caei?ia’y ae?oae
oa i?aee?oe?a c na?aaei?ie iieacieeaie aioo??oiueiai ii?ii?iaiiy,
aecia/eoe aeaea?aea eiai aeoeaiiai oi?ioaaiiy.

— aecia/eoe a?oie caoai?thaaiue ? ie?ai? iicieia?/i? oi?ie, ui
iio?aaothoue ia?oi/a?aiaiai ao?o/aiiy, aeoiaey/e c ?o
?iciianthaeaeaiino? ? ea?iaaiino? ioi?iiith caei?ia’y.

— noai?eoe eiiieaenio i?ia?aio iaaeeei-ineoieia?/ii? ?aaa?e?oaoe??
ae?oae ? i?aee?oe?a, ye? iathoue o? /e ?io? oai?iae oa a?aeiia?aei?
??ai? aioo??oiueiai ii?ii?iaiiy.

— iaa?oiooaaoe ?aa?iiaeueio i?aai?caoe?eio nenoaio iaaee/ii?
?aaa?e?oaoe?? uiaei ae?oae oa i?aee?oe?a.

Oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy oa Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a oiio, ui
aia?oa:

— anoaiiaeai? ??ciianiaeoi? ee?i?ei-noaoenoe/i? iniaeeaino? noaio
caei?ia’y aeeoy/iai ianaeaiiy, yea iaoea? ia oa?eoi??yo
?aae?iaeieia?/iiai caa?oaeiaiiy, aecia/ai? iniiai? oaiaeaioe?? ci?i
no?oeoo?e ? ??aiae caoai?thaaiino? oa iia?eiai? nia?oiino?;

— aeiaaaeai? aca?iica»ycee ie?aieo iieaciee?a noaio caei?ia’y ae?oae oa
i?aee?oe?a a?ae ??ai?a aioo??oiueiai ii?ii?iaiiy;

— anoaiiaeai? oeyoe oi?ioaaiiy aioo??oiueiai ii?ii?iaiiy oa ?o
caeaaei?noue a?ae iaaeaiiy ia?aaaae niiaeeaaiith oa?/iaeo i?iaeoeo?a
i?noeaaiai ae?iaieoeoaa;

— iaa?oioiaaia eiiieaenia i?ia?aia iaaeeei-ineoieia?/ii? ?aaa?e?oaoe??
ae?oae oa i?aee?oe?a oa noai?ai? i?eioeeie i?aai?caoe??
e?eoaaeueii-icaei?ia/eo oeaio??a ?aae?aoe?eiiai caoenoo;

— ?ic?iaeaia ?aa?iiaeueia ooieoe?iiaeueii-no?oeoo?ia iiaeaeue oi?aae?iiy
?aaa?e?oaoe?eiei caaacia/aiiyi noiniaii aeeoy/iai oa i?aee?oeiaiai
ianaeaiiy c aecia/aiiyi aa??aio?a oi?aae?inueeeo ??oaiue, aaeaeaaoii
iaaeeei-aeieia?/iei ianoaaeiai.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a oiio, ui eiai ?acoeueoaoe
noaee i?aenoaaith aeey:

— ia’?eoea?caoe?? ? ei?aeoe?? iii?oi?eiao i?iaeai caei?ia’y aeeoy/iai ?
i?aee?oeiaiai ianaeaiiy;

— iioei?caoe?? iaaee/ieo iaeyae?a, aeeniaina?iiai iaaeyaeo ca
noaiii caei?ia’y ae?oae oa i?aee?oe?a, i?aeaeuaiiy iaaee/ii?
aeoeaiino? a eaioe? “aaoueee – ae?oe – a/eoae?”;

— iaoeiaiai caaacia/aiiy oi?aae?inueeeo ??oaiue a?aeiinii neoaea ?
aeae?a iaaee/ii? ?aaa?e?oaoe??, ye? iio?aaothoue ia?oi/a?aiaiai ?icaeoeo
oa eiio?ieth ca aoaeoeai?noth aeei?enoaiiy ?ano?n?a ioi?iie caei?ia’y;

— noai?aiiy iaa?oioiaaii? ia?aae? e?eoaaeueii-icaei?ia/eo caeeaae?a c
iaoith ?aae?caoe?? iaaeeei-ineoieia?/ieo i?ia?ai ?aaa?e?oaoe?? ae?oae
oa i?aee?oe?a, a caeaaeiino? a?ae noaio ?o caei?ia’y, ??ai?a
aioo??oiueiai ii?ii?iaiiy, iiaeeeainoae ei?aeoe??;

— cai?iiiioaaiiy ?aa?iiaeueii? i?aai?caoe?eii? nenoaie iaaee/ii?
?aaa?e?oaoe??, noiniaii aeeoy/iai oa i?aee?oeiaiai ianaeaiiy, c
aecia/aiiyi aa??aio?a ??oaiue, aaeaeaaoieo iaaeeei-aeieia?/iei
ianoaaeiai.

Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy a i?aeoeeo, ye? cae?eniaii
ia aea?aeaaiiio ? ?aa?iiaeueiiio ??aiyo. ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe ni?eyee
ia’?eoea?caoe?? oa ei?aeoe?? iii?oi?eiao i?iaeai caei?ia’y oa
ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua, iaaeeei-aeiiii?/i?e aoaeoeaiino?
i?io?eaeoe/ieo iaeyae?a, aeeniaina?iiai iaaeyaeo, noai?aiith
a?aeiia?aeieo noaiaea?o?a ianyao ? yeino? e?eoaaeueii-ae?aaiinoe/iiai
i?ioeano, i?aeaeuaiith iaaee/ii? aeoeaiino? a eaioe? “aaoueee – ae?oe –
a/eoae?”. Aiie aeei?enoiaoaaeenue i?e aianaii? aeiiiaiaiue aei
eiioeaioe?? i?iaeeaaiiy aeeoy/iai ianaeaiiy ia oa?eoi??yo
?aae?iioee?aeiiai caa?oaeiaiiy, aoee iieeaaeai? a iniiao iaoeiaiai
iaa?oiooaaiiy eiiieaeno e?eoaaeueii-?aaa?e?oaoe?eieo caoiae?a, noai?aii?
ia?aae? iaaee/ieo naiaoi?ii-?aaa?e?oaoe?eieo onoaiia ? oeaio??a
?aae?aoe?eiiai caoenoo, ii?aoethaaii? i?aai?caoe?eii? ?aa?iiaeueii?
nenoaie iaaee/iiai caaacia/aiiy ae?oae oa i?aee?oe?a. Oe? iaaeaaiiy
i?eeiyo? i?aeoe/iith ioi?iiith caei?ia’y AEeoiie?nueei?, Aieeinueei?,
Ee?anueei?, ??aiainueei?, *a?i?a?anueei? iaeanoae Oe?a?ie ?
aeei?enoiaothoueny IIC Oe?a?ie oa I?i?noa?noaii ii iaaecae/aeiei
neooaoe?yi i?e aeaeaii? a?aeii/eo ?ino?oeoe?e, iaeac?a oiui.

Iniaenoee aianie. Iniaenoi aaoi?ii aea?aia oaia, iinoaaeai? ?
noi?ioeueiaai? iaoa oa caaaeaiiy, ianya oa iaoiaee, ?ic?iaeai? i?ia?aie
iae?eo, ?ic?iaee oa aiae?co io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a, ioi?ieai?
a?aeiia?aei? ?icae?ee, noi?ioeueiaai? iniiai? iieiaeaiiy, aeniiaee,
?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei ?o ai?iaaaeaeaiiy.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeiiia?aeaeenue ia
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Aeooaeueiua i?iaeaiu eeeaeaeaoeee
iineaaenoaee aaa?ee ia *a?iiaueueneie AYN ”, 21-23 ai?aey 1992 a., Eeaa,
1992; ia ?anioae?eainuee?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe??, Ee?a, 1992;
I?aeia?iaeiiio neiiic?oi? “*i?iiaeeue – Nanaeaaa”, aa?anaiue 1993 ?ieo,
Ei?inoaiue; I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? “*i?iiaueue e caei?iauea
ianaeaiey”, 25-26 ea?oiy 1994 ?ieo, Ee?a, 1994; iaeanieo
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo, i.AEeoiie?, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1996
?iee. Ai?iaaoe?th aeena?oaoe?? i?iaaaeaii ia can?aeaii? eaoaae?e
nioe?aeueii? a?a??ie ? i?aai?caoe?? ioi?iie caei?ia»y A?iieoeueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I.?.Ie?iaiaa ( 8 o?aaiy 1997
?.) oa ia’?aeiaii? ai?iaaoe?eii? ?aaee c nioe?aeueii? iaaeeoeeie ?
ioi?iie caei?ia’y Iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai?
I.I.Aiaiiieueoey oa Oe?a?inueeiai ?inoeoooo a?iiaaenueeiai caei?ia’y (23
aeiaoiy 1998 ).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 21 iaoeiao ?iaioo
(o o./. a aeanyoe iaeiiin?aii): a iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao – 5, a ca??ieeao
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?e – 12, ia i?aeia?iaeieo iaoeiaeo
eiioa?aioe?yo – 3, aeaeaii iiiia?ao?e – 1.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio,
iniiaii? /anoeie, a yeo aoiaeyoue 5 ?icae?e?a, aiae?co oa ocaaaeueiaiiy
?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue, aeniiae?a, iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e, o?ueio
?icae?e?a aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue, i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e. Nienie
aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae i?noeoue 319 iaoeiaeo aeaea?ae, c yeeo 237
a?o/eciyieo ? 32 ?iicaiieo aaoi?e. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia 125
noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo ? i?i?ethno?iaaia 21 oaaeeoeath ? 9
?enoieaie.

INIIAIEE CI?NO

Aeinyaiaiiy iaoe iaoiiaeei ?ic?iaeo niaoe?aeueii? eiiieaenii? i?ia?aie
(?en. 1).

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee: aeeoy/a ianaeaiiy, yea iaoea? ia
oa?eoi??yo ?aae?iaeieia?/iiai caa?oaeiaiiy; ooieoe?? oa no?oeoo?a
iaaee/ieo onoaiia, ci?noiaii ?o ae?yeueiino? i?ney aaa???.

Aea?? iai?yieo aeine?aeaeaiiy, iaa?oiooaaiiy ianyao ? iaoiae?aAniaeoe
aea/aiiyIaaeeei-nioe?aeueieeA?a??i?/ieeAea/aiiy noaio caei?ia’y
aeeoy/iai ianaeaiiy, yea iaoea? ia oa?eoi??yo ?aae?iaeieia?/iiai
eiio?iethOa?aeoa?enoeea oa?eoi??e aeine?aeaeaiiy ca ??aiai ? oa?aeoa?ii
?aae?iaeieia?/iiai caa?oaeiaiiyIaaeeei-i?aai?caoe?ei? caoiaee?aeiie
aeine?aeaeaiiy:

Aieiaea?nueei-Aieeinueeee,Iiaia?aae-Aieeinueeee,

?i?eue/einueeee, Iaeeinueeee,

Ei?inoainueeee, Ia?ooeueeee,

Eoaeinueeee, Ieaanueeee,

Ia?iaeeoeueeee, i.Ei?inoaiueOnoaiiae Eaae?e Iaeaaeiaiiy
E?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/ia niaoe?ae?ciaaia,

?aaa?e?oaoe?eia caaacia/aiiy

?en. 1. I?ia?aia i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue.

Ia?oee aoai oi?eaany iaa?oiooaaiiy iai?yieo, ianyao ? iaoiae?a
aeine?aeaeaiue. Aniaeoaie aea/aiiy aecia/aii: iaaeeei-nioe?aeueiee,
ni?yiiaaiee ia aea/aiiy caei?ia’y aeeoy/iai ianaeaiiy; a?a??i?/iee, ui
noinoaaany ioe?iee oa?eoi??e aeine?aeaeaiiy ca ??aiai ? oa?aeoa?ii
?aae?iioee?aeiiai caa?oaeiaiiy oa iaaeeei-i?aai?caoe?eiee, ui
ia?aaeaa/aa iiaeaeueoa oaeineiiaeaiiy iaaee/iiai caaacia/aiiy ia
?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai?.

Ia ae?oaiio aoai? – aiae?coaaeenue aca?iicaeaaeiino? noaio caei?ia’y
aeeoy/iai ianaeaiiy, ??ai?a ? oa?aeoa?o ?aae?aoe?eiiai caa?oaeiaiiy,
iniaeeaino? iaaee/iiai caaacia/aiiy.

Ia o?aoueiio aoai?, aeoiaey/e c ?acoeueoao?a, io?eiaieo ia iiia?aaei?o
aoaiao, cae?eniaii iaa?oiooaaiiy i?eioeei?a i?aai?caoe?? nenoaie
iaaeeei-?aaa?e?oaoe?eieo caoiae?a uiaei noai?aiiy a?aeiia?aeii?
i?noeaai? ia?aae? e?eoaaeueii-icaei?ia/eo naiaoi???a ?aae?aoe?eiiai
caoenoo.

*aoaa?oee aoai ia?aaeaa/aa ?ic?iaeo ?aa?iiaeueii?
ooieoe?iiaeueii-no?oeoo?ii? iiaeae? oi?aae?iiy nenoaiith iaaee/iiai
caaacia/aiiy ae?oae oa i?aee?oe?a, c aecia/aiiyi aa??aio?a ??oaiue,
aaeaeaaoieo ?aae?iaeieia?/iei ianoaaeiai.

A aeine?aeaeaii? aeei?enoiaoaaeenue iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee oa iaoiaee
nai?oa?iiai niinoa?aaeaiiy, cie?aia nenoaiiee i?aeo?ae, aiae?oe/iee,
?noi?e/iee, noaoenoeei-iaoaiaoe/iee, aenia?oiee, nioe?ieia?/iee, iaoiae
i?aai?caoe?eiiai aenia?eiaioo, iiaeaethaaiiy, ee?i?ei-noaoenoe/iee.

Noaoenoe/ia ia?iaea aeaieo cae?enithaaeanue a iaeaniiio oeaio??
?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e oa ?aa?iiaeueiiai ?a?no?o.

Noai caei?ia’y aeeoy/iai ianaeaiiy aea/aany ca iieacieeaie caaaeueii?
caoai?thaaiino?, ca eeanaie oai?ia, ie?aieie iicieia?/ieie oi?iaie,
iieacieeaie iia?eiai? nia?oiino? oa o?ce/iiai ?icaeoeo.

Aecia/aiiy nai?oa?ii-a?a??i?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee aeuaiaaaaeaieo ?aeii?a
i?iaiaeeeinue eaai?aoi???th iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae ?aae?aoe?eiiai
i?iaiico Oe?a?inueeiai iaoeiaiai oeaio?o ?aae?aoe?eii? iaaeeoeeie AII
Oe?a?ie oa onoaiiaaie nai?oa?ii-ai?aeai?ieia?/ii? neoaeae iaeano? a
ia??iae 1990-1997 ??.

Iaea?eueo caa?oaeiaieie ?aeiiaie iaeano? (ii oeac?th-137) aeyaeeenue
Ia?iaeeoeueeee (15-40 E?/ei2 ), Ia?ooeueeee (15-40 E?/ei2 ),
i.Ei?inoaiue (5-15 E?/ei2 ). Iaio caa?oaeiaieie ?aae?iioee?aeaie (1-5
E?/ei2 ) aoee oa?eoi??? Aieiaea?nueei-Aieeinueeiai, ?i?eue/einueeiai,
Iiaia?aae-Aieeinueeiai, Iaeeinueeiai, Ei?inoainueeiai, Ieaanueeiai
?aeii?a.

O iaaaaeaieo ?aeiiao i?ae aeeiai?/iei iaaee/iei iaaeyaeii ciaoiaeeeinue
10917 ae?oae a?eii 5-17 ?ie?a, ye? ia?iaeeeenue aei ? i?ney aaa???.
Eiiieaenia ianoaaeaiiy 5265 ae?oae aeeth/aei iieooaaiiy ii i?ia?ai?
“*i?iiaeeue – Nanaeaaa”. Aea/aiiy noaio caei?ia’y i?iaiaeeeinue oeyoii
aiae?co caa?iaiue a e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/i? caeeaaee, iaaee/ieo
iaeyae?a, aeeniaina?ecaoe?? oa ca iieacieeaie iia?eiai? nia?oiino?.
Eiiieaenia ioe?iea aa?iii?eiino? ?icaeoeo ae?oae aecia/aeanue c
aeei?enoaiiyi ioe?ii/ieo oaaeeoeue aaia?ae?coth/ei (iiia?a/iei)
iaoiaeii, iaeii/anii c aio?iiiiao???th ? neaioaaiiyi i?aai?a iaeiai oaco
(Aloka – 540). Noai aaaaoaoeaii? ia?aiai? nenoaie aecia/aee ca
caaaeueiii?eeiyoeie e?eoa??yie: aaaaoaoeaiee oiion (AO), aaaaoaoeaia
?aaaoaaiiy (A?), aaaaoaoeaia caaacia/aiiy (AC). Iieacieee aioo??oiueiai
ii?ii?iaiiy (ii ai?noo 137Cs) a i?aai?ci? aei??thaaee ia iaeaaeiaii?
WBC-101 o??ie “Aloka”.

Ia’?i oa iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy

Aeai? i?i iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy iaaaaeai? a oaaeeoe? 1.

Oaaeeoey 1.

Ia’?i oa iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy

Oa?aeoa? aeine?aeaeaiiyE?euee?noue niinoa?aaeaiueAiae?c noaoenoe/ieo
ca?oieo oi?i 10917Aiae?c ea?o ?icaeoeo ae?oae10917Iiaeeaeaiee
aeeniaina?iee iaaee/iee iaeyae5265Aaiaoieia?/ia
ianoaaeaiiy5265Aiaeie?eiieia?/ia ianoaaeaiiy5265?aae?iiao?e/ia
ianoaaeaiiy5265

Iaoa??aee aeine?aeaeaiiy oa ?o iaaiai?aiiy. Aea/aiiy a aeeiai?oe?
(1991-1997 ??.) caoai?thaaiino?, iia?eiai? nia?oiino? aeaco? ia oa, ui
?o ??ai? na?aae aeeoy/iai ianaeaiiy, yea iaoea? o eiio?ieueiaaieo
?aeiiao ?aa?iio ia?aaeuo? oae? iieacieee ia o?eueee noiniaii ?aeii?a
ni?anoaaeaiiy, aea ??ciyoueny i?ae niaith. Caoai?thaai?noue ia oai?iae
na/inoaoaai? nenoaie ca?eueoeeanue ia 65,5%, oe??e oa i?aeoe??ii?
ee?oeiaeie – ia 21,1%, ?ioaeoe?ei? oa ia?aceoa?i? oai?iae – ia 16,6%,
ia?aiai? nenoaie oa i?aai?a /oooy – ia 6,6%, i?iyae a?ia?ieac?e
ueoiaeaeii? caeice o ae?oae 7-17 ?ie?a ca?eueoeeenue ia 22,4%, c?inea
iioe?ai?noue oai?ia aiaeie?eiii? nenoaie, e?noeiai-i’ycaai? ? niieo/ii?
oeaieie. A oe?eiio a ?aa?iiao ?aae?iioee?aeiiai eiio?ieth ae?oe oai??ee
cia/ii /ano?oa, i?ae a oiiaii /enoiio ?aeii?: ia oai?iae e?ia? ?
e?iaioai?ieo i?aai?a – a 3,6 ?ace, ia iiaiooai?aiiy – a 2,3 ?ace, ia
oai?iae oe??e ? i?aeoe??ii? ee?oeiaeie – a 2,6 ?ace. I?eaa?oathoue oaaao
nooo?a? a?aei?iiino? o aaee/ei? aeine?aeaeaieo iieaciee?a iia?eiai?
nia?oiino? na?aae aeeoy/iai ianaeaiiy, yea i?iaeeaa? a ciiao c ??ciei
nooiaiai ?aae?aoe?eiiai caa?oaeiaiiy oa?eoi???. A oa?i?i? 1991-1997 ??.
a a?eueoino? eiio?ieueiaaieo ?aeii?a (?i?eue/einueeee, Ei?inoainueeee,
Eoaeinueeee, Ieaanueeee, Ia?iaeeoeueeee) aeeiai?ea iaaaaeaiiai iieacieea
a?ae??ciyeanue nooo?aith oaiaeaioe??th aei c?inoaiiy oa
oa?aeoa?ecoaaeanue ia?aaeoaiiyi o 1,5-2 ?ace na?aaeiueiaea?aeaaiiai
(1,1%) ? aiaeia?/iiai ii iaeano? (1,2%). A oie /an, ye o ?oaeeinueeiio
?aeii? (ii??aiyeueiiio) a?aecia/aeinue eiai cieaeaiiy aei 0,2%.

Aea/aiiy iniaeeainoae o?ce/iiai ?icaeoeo aeeoy/iai ianaeaiiy ia
oa?eoi??yo ?aae?iaeieia?/iiai caa?oaeiaiiy a ni?anoaaeaii? c
iaeiie?oeaie eiio?ieueiiai ?aeiio (oaae. 2) aeyaeee a?eueo iecueeee
??aaiue aa?iii?eiiai o?ce/iiai ?icaeoeo, cie?aia a ioaa?oaoiiio a?oe?
14-??/ieo oeii/ee?a oa 11-??/ieo ae?a/aoie (a?aeiia?aeii 29,6% ? 27,1%).

Oaaeeoey 2

O?ce/iee ?icaeoie ae?oae, ye? iaoeathoue ia oa?eoi??yo
?aae?iaeieia?/iiai caa?oaeiaiiy

sse?nia ioe?iea o?ce/iiai ?icaeoeo (%)A?eNoaoue ??no

(ni)Iana o?ea

(ea)Aa?ii-i?eieeAeia-?aaeaeai-iy ?inooCao?ei-ea ?inooCa?eue-oaiiy iane
o?ea5/ie.

ae?i.111,8 + 1,02

112,1 + 0,820,1+0,6

29,9+0,440,12

50,1831,51

27,5713,60

4,8210,32

11,586/ie.

ae?i.116,9 + 1,01

117,6 + 0,921,8+0,5

21,7+0,641,18

51,7832,53

28,5714,70

5,3611,76

12,687/ie.

ae?i.123,3 + 1,1

121,9 + 1,124,9+0,7

24,2+0,649,06

38,6413,32

11,3624,53

25,0013,21

31,828/ie.

ae?i.128,6 + 0,7

126,0 + 1,127,2+0,5

26,4+0,647,17

50,7016,98

12,6816,98

22,5430,19

23,949/ie.

ae?i.132,3 + 0,9

130,1 + 0,929,2+0,4

28,7+0,552,17

50,454,35

6,3127,14

24,3221,74

18,9210/ie.

ae?i.136,6 + 0,8

137,1 + 0,632,4+0,5

32,7+0,549,06

50,7413,21

13,9726,42

19,8518,87

20,5611/ie.

ae?i.141,9 + 0,7

143,3 + 0,935,9+0,6

36,1+0,643,24

27,119,97

19,4922,52

22,0327,03

19,4912/ie.

ae?i.149,3 + 1,0

147,8 + 1,139,4+1,0

42,1+1,250,09

42,1224,00

10,9410,00

25,0020,00

25,0013/ie.

ae?i.154,0 + 1,3

154,9 + 0,943,2+1,2

46,2+1,446,34

40,5414,63

17,5814,63

10,8119,51

25,6814/ie.

ae?i.156,4 + 2,7

154,0 + 2,548,0+1,8

51,8+0,729,63

55,8811,11

2,9434,03

17,6529,63

29,41

E??i oeueiai, ?ino?oiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy 354 in?a (166 ae?a/aoie,
188 oeii/ee?a) na?ae/eee i?i ciaioaiiy ia’?io y?/iee?a o 12-13-??/ieo
ae?a/aoie (3,38+0,3 ni), o 14-16 ??/ieo (5,27 + 0,26 ni.), a?iiaaii?
ooai?aiiy y?/iee?a (e?noe) aeyaeai? o 19%. Na?aaeiy ie?oaei?noue y?/ie o
oeii/ee?a neeaaeaea 6,0+0,4 ni, oiaoi oey iciaea a aeaa ?ace
ia?aaeuoaaea oa?aeoa?enoeeo ii?ie oa na?ae/eea i?i i?enei?aiee ?icaeoie
36% in?a. I?aenoiiaoth/e aeine?aeaeaiiy aio?iiiiao?e/ieo iieaciee?a oa
oi?ioaaiiy aeineoue aenieeo ??ai?a aeenaa?iii?eiiai ?icaeoeo aeeoy/iai
ianaeaiiy (54,5%) cacia/eii aeioe?euei?noue a?aeianaiiy ?o aei a?oie
?eceeo, a caiae? c oaeith ae aeoieith A.I.Iaae?eueea, 1974;
A.I.Iaai?ii?, 1992; A.I.Iiiiia?aiea, 1995. A oe?e ieiuei? ?icaeyaeaeenue
iaie oaeiae iieacieee iioe?aiino? ii?ooaiue iinoao? oa neie?ico, ye?
neeaaeathoue na?aae ae?oae caaaeii 20,4 % (ii?ooaiiy iinoao? — 12,3%,
neie?ic – 8,1%) c iaea?eueo iii?oiith ?o ae?aci?noth o 11-14 ??/ieo
in?a.

Ai?aeai?ieia?y aioo??oiueiai ii?ii?iaiiy aea/aeanue o 10917 ae?oae oa
i?aee?oe?a a ia??iae 1991-1996 ??. a ?ic??c? 10 ?aeii?a
?aae?iaeieia?/iiai caa?oaeiaiiy, noaoaai-a?eiaeo a?oi oa oa?i?i?a
ia?iaeaeaiiy (aei aai i?ney aaa???) oa iiooeo ca’yce?a noaio caei?ia»y
a?ae ??ai?a aioo??oiueiai ii?ii?iaiiy (oaae. 3).

Oaaeeoey 3

Aeeiai?ea ??ai?a iieaciee?a aioo??oiueiai ii?ii?iaiiy o ae?oae oa
i?aee?oe?a a ia??iae 1991-1996 ??.

?aeiie?iee
ianoaaeaiiy199119921993199419951996Aieiaea?nueei-Aieeinueeee52,29+7,29

n=9237,31+3,20

n=118 P>0,0526,09+0,93

n=173

P<0,0534,94+0,86 n=337 P<0,0532,58+0,32 n=808 P<0,0532,45+0,51 n=810 P<0,05Iiaia?aae- Aieeinueeee36,42+6,12 n=10835,11+2,10 n=72 P>0,05 33,47+3,17

n=127

P>0,0534,90+3,19

n=129

P>0,0537,17+1,44

n=788

P>0,0537,02+2,03

n=778

P>0,05

?i?eue/einueeee55,25+13,15

n=10842,1+2,9

n=121 P>0,0542,02+5,21

n=163

P>0,0538,60+2,29

n=380

P>0,0541,33+1,31

n=519

P>0,0551,10+2,15

n=509

P>0,05

Iaeeinueeee39,11+1,94

n=13232,22+2,13

n=157 P<0,0522,18+2,54 n=203 P<0,0529,00+2,09 n=200 P<0,0537,22+0,52 n=641 P<0,0526,04+1,68 n=367 P<0,05 Ia?ooeueeee89,98+18,94 n=9670,36+4,73 n=117 P>0,0538,65+2,32

n=112

P<0,0556,62+3,32 n=112 P<0,0583,84+3,51 n=245 P>0,0571,58+1,68

n=1764 P>0,05

i.Ei?inoaiue24,28+3,36

n=12023,73+7,03

n=210 P>0,0521,94+1,38

n=213

P>0,0531,53+4,46

n=312

P>0,0528,27+0,56

n=2044 P>0,0528,66+0,56

n=2044 P>0,05

Ei?inoainueeee41,20+6,61

n=21231,04+4,41

n=162 P>0,0530,35+2,79

n=192

P>0,0534,44+4,54

n=540

P>0,0542,48+1,23

n=1195 P>0,0547,77+1,77

n=1295

P>0,05

Ieaanueeee89,18+18,92

n=7863,05+4,21

n=89 P<0,0573,46+4,98 n=107 P>0,0565,88+1,69

n=438

P<0,05100,86+2,00 n=966 P>0,0598,57+2,12

n=967

P>0,05

Eoaeinueeee88,19+5,11

n=8655,20+3,35

n=290 P<0,0556,05+5,59 n=216 P<0,05105,71+4,38 n=364 P<0,0591,04+3,35 n=398 P>0,0591,90+3,31

n=398

P>0,05

Ia?iaeeoeueeee64,91+9,78

n=7278,92+5,65

n=230 P<0,05156,62+10,11 n=78 P<0,05143,78+5,75 n=381 P<0,05129,14+5,66 n=217 P<0,05131,12+17,07 n=56 P<0,05 Na?aaei?:60,44+5,81 P>0,0551,00+2,23

P>0,0550,68+1,27

P>0,0568,56+1,32

P>0,0562,39+1,10

P>0,0561,62+1,14

P>0,05

Iaea?eueo aenie? iieacieee aioo??oiueiai ii?ii?iaiiy o 1991 ?ioe?
niinoa??aaeanue na?aae ae?oae Ia?ooeueeiai, Ieaanueeiai ? Eoaeinueeiai
?aeii?a.

Ciaioaiiy na?aaeiueiai ??aiy iaaaaeaieo iieaciee?a ae?oae aeayeeo
eiio?ieueiaaieo ?aeii?a aaeaoeinue c 1994 ? (oaae. 3). Iaeiae aaea
ii/aea a?aei?/aoenue oaiaeaioe?y aei iii??iiai c?inoaiiy ??ai?a
aioo??oiueiai ii?ii?iaiiy na?aae in?a Aieiaea?nueei-Aieeinueeiai,
Ei?inoainueeiai, Eoaeinueeiai ? Ia?iaeeoeueeiai ?aeii?a, yea
caa??aaeanue a iiaeaeueo? ?iee oa aeacoaaea ia a?aeiinio caeaaei?noue
?o ae?aciino? a?ae ?ioaineaiino? ?aae?iaeieia?/iiai caa?oaeiaiiy
cacia/aieo oa?eoi??e. Noiniaii aeayeiai cieaeaiiy na?aaeiuei? aaee/eie
aioo??oiueiai ii?ii?iaiiy o ae?oae oa i?aee?oe?a a ia??iae 1991-1993
??., ia iaoo aeoieo, aoei iaoiiaeaii a?eueo aeoeaiei caaacia/aiiyi
ianaeaiiy aacioee?aeieie i?iaeoeoaie oa?/oaaiiy, a ii??aiyii? c
1994-1996 ??. A oaia??oi?e /an oeae iinoa/aeueiee i?ioean cia/ii
iia??oeany, ui i?eaaei aei aeiooaii? i???ioaoe?? ia niiaeeaaiiy
i?iaeoeo?a i?noeaaiai ae?iaieoeoaa ?c cia/iei ai?noii ?aae?iioee?ae?a,
ye? aei 1991 ?. ciaoiaeeeenue o a?oioao a neaai?ooeeaeo, o?eniaaieo
oi?iao (ii oeac?th-137). A iiaeaeueoiio (ciaioaiiy eiao?oe??ioo
aeani?aoe??) na?ae/eei i?i aeoea?caoe?th i?ioean?a aeeth/aiiy oeueiai
ioee?aeo aei aiaeii-a?oioiaeo eiiieaen?a, ia?ao?ae a ?ineeii?noue ?,
oaeei /eiii, aei i?iaeoeo?a oa?/oaaiiy. Iino?eiee ?aae?iiao?e/iee
iii?oi?eia i?iaeoeo?a oa?/oaaiiy i?noeaaiai ae?iaieoeoaa aeaco? ia
cia/io caa?oaeiai?noue ?aae?iioee?aeaie, iniaeeai iai/?a, a?ea?a, ya?ae,
iieiea oa i’yna, ye? ?icaeyaeaeenue a yeino? “i?ii?aeieo” aeaea?ae a
eaioe? iaaeoiaeaeaiiy ioee?ae?a aei i?aai?cio.

Iiaeeaeaia ee?i?ei-?ino?oiaioaeueia oa eaai?aoi?ia ianoaaeaiiy
i?iaaaeaii o 5265 ae?oae oa i?aee?oe?a 5-17 ?ie?a, c yeeo i?aeoe/ii
caei?iaeie aeyaeeenue eeoa 537 (10,2%). Iaea?eueo /anoi (oaae. 4)
cono??/aeenue oai?iae ?ioi- ? iiniaeioee, i?aai?a o?aaeaiiy oa aeeoaiiy,
aaaaoi-noaeeiia aeenoii?y, a?ia?ieac?y ueoiaeaeii? caeice oiui. O
iaaaaeaii? e?eueeino? ianoaaeaieo in?a aoei aeoeaii aeyaeaii 1299 oai?ia
oa ia?aaeiaoieia?/ieo noai?a, oiaoi a na?aaeiueiio 3,2 caoai?thaaiiy ia
iaeio aeeoeio aai i?aee?oea. Cacia/eii, ui oey e?euee?noue a?aeoeeaiue a
noai? caei?ia’y, ye aeyaeeinue, ia ? iaaeath, ine?eueee /anoioia
oa?aeoa?enoeea aeyaeaii? iaoieia?? aoea i?yiii?iii?oe?eia e?eueeino?
oao?aoe?a o neeaae? iaaee/ii? a?eaaaee oa aeei?enoaiith a?aeiia?aeiiai
ca ianyaii ? ye?noth ?ino?oiaioaeueiiai oa eaai?aoi?iiai iaeaaeiaiiy.

Oaaeeoey 4

Ieoiia aaaa ii?ooaiue noaio caei?ia’y ae?oae,

ye? iaoeathoue ia oa?eoi??yo ?aae?iaeoeaiiai caa?oaeiaiiy

Oa?aeoa? ii?ooaiueE?euee?noue ae?oaeE?euee?noue
caoai?thaaiueA?aenioieOai?iae ?ioi- ? iiniaeioee1458208050,0A?ia?ieac?y
ueoiaeaeii? caeice ?-?? no.500132831,9Aaaaoi-noaeeiia
aeenoii?y388124830,0Oai?iae i?aai?a
aeeoaiiy350186444,8E?ioaaeaiiiao??17682719,9Aiai??8497023,3Oai?iae
i?aai?a o?aaeaiiy 154219352,7Aoceiooai?aiiy ueoiaeaeii?
caeice761333,2Aooi?ioiiee oe?ai?aeeo26541,3Aeeoociee cia28421,0?io?
oai?iae921225254,1Caei?ia? ae?oe1104-21,0Anueiai526512991-

Aeoiaey/e c ?acoeueoao?a iiaeeaeaieo i?io?eaeoe/ieo iaeyae?a,
aeeniaina?iiai iaaeyaeo ca ae?oueie oa i?aee?oeaie, iayaiino? o 89,8%
ianoaaeaieo ia?aaeiaoieia?/ieo noai?a oa noi?iiaaieo oai?ia ia oii?
c?inoath/eo ??ai?a aioo??oiueiai ii?ii?iaiiy, ie ae?eoee aeniiaeo uiaei
iaiao?aeiino? i?aai?caoe?? i?noeaai? ia?aae? niaoe?ae?ciaaieo
e?eoaaeueii-naiaoi?ieo oeaio??a ?aae?aoe?eiiai caoenoo – ENOe?C (?en.
2), ye? ?icaeyaeaeenue a yeino? iaei??? ?c aaaiieo neeaaeiaeo
?aa?iiaeueii? nenoaie iaaee/iiai ?aaa?e?oaoe?eiiai caaacia/aiiy.

Noai?aia ia?aaea cacia/aieo caeeaae?a iaea a nai?io neeaae? 1100 e?aeie,
yea caaacia/oaaea i?iaaaeaiiy niiaoe/ii-ineoieia?/ii? ?aaa?e?oaoe?? a?ey
20 oen.ae?oae oa i?aee?oe?a ui??/ii. E?eoaaeueii-icaei?ia/? caoiaee
a?aeiia?aeaee ci?noo iaoeiai-iaa?oioiaaieo i?ia?ai oa aeiiaai caaaeaiue
a?aei?aoeueiaaieo a iaaeao aaaeo/eo iciae i?aai?caoe??
e?eoaaeueii-ae?aaiinoe/iiai ? ?aaa?e?oaoe?eiiai i?ioeano oa i?eioeei?a
iine?aeiaiino?, aacia?a?aiino?, ?ioaineaiino? e?eoaaiiy ? aeiaeyaeo
(?en. 2). Ca aeiiiiiaith iaoiaeo iiaoaeiae a?aoieia?/ii? no?oeoo?e
ae?yeueiino? ENOe?C i?aaenoaaeai? iaoa (ianoaaeaiiy, ae?aaiinoeea,
e?eoaaiiy, a?aeiiaeaiiy ooieoe?e), ia??iaee (i?eeii aei noaoe?iia?o,
oieoaeueia e?eoaaiiy, ?aaa?e?oaoe?y, aeienea), noaae?? (iiia?aaeiy,
ii/aoeiaa, ae?aaiinoe/ia, e?eoaaeueii-a?aeiiaia, caeeth/ia) ? aeai?eoie
aaaeeeaeo aeaiaio?a, ye? ? nooo?aeie neeaaeiaeie
e?eoaaeueii-ae?aaiinoe/iiai i?ioeano o aca?iicaeaaeiino? oa
aca?iica’yceo c i?ia?aiiaaieie oe?eueiaeie aeiiaaie, ia??iaeaie ?
noaae?yie. Iiaoaeiaaia ia i?eioeei? aeaaeoeoe?? a?aoieia?/ia no?oeoo?a
e?eoaaeueii-ae?aaiinoe/iiai i?ioeano, ui ? iaeiei ?c iaoiae?a nenoaiiiai
aiae?co, aeicaiey? i?eaanoe ci?no i?ioeano a oe?eiio, i?ine?aeeoaaoe
aca?iica’ycee ie?aieo eiai aeaiaio?a oa ?ic?iaeoe iai?aaeaiee iaoiae
ioe?iee ianyao ? yeino?, ine?eueee iiee ui ia ?nio? oi?o?eiaaii? nenoaie
?aaa?e?oaoe?eieo caoiae?a, ioe?ii/ieo e?eoa???a. Cai?iiiiiaaiee iaoiae
aenia?oieo ioe?iie, aeoiaey/e ?c ci?noo ae?yeueiino? ENOe?C ?icaeyaeaany
a yeino? ia»?eoeaii? i?aenoaae aeey aeciaiiy yeino?
e?eoaaeueii-ae?aaiinoe/iiai i?ioeano (ianoaaeaiiy, ae?aaiinoeee,
eiinoeueoaoeaii? aeiiiiiae, e?eoaaiiy, nai?/anii? aeienee) ii ia?aiao?ao
iaa?oioiaaiino?, nai?/aniino?, iiaiioe ? aaeaeaaoiino?.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy iieeaaeai? a iniiao ?ic?iaeaii? i?ia?aie
iaaee/ii? ?aaa?e?oaoe?? aeeoy/iai ? i?aee?oeiaiai ianaeaiiy, yea
aeeth/aea eiiieaen caoiae?a uiaei ia?oi/a?aiaiai ae??oaiiy caaaeaiue
iaaeeei-nai?oa?iiai caaacia/aiiy a eaioe? “?aeiii? iaaee/i? caeeaaee –
iaeani? niaoe?ae?ciaai? e?ea?i? – e?eoaaeueii-?aaa?e?oaoe?ei? oeaio?e
?aae?aoe?eiiai caoenoo” o a?aeiia?aeiino? aei cai?iiiiiaaii?
ooieoe?iiaeueii-no?oeoo?ii? iiaeae? (?en. 3) neooaoe?eiiai, iia?aoeaiiai
oa no?aoaa?/ii-oe?eueiaiai oi?aae?iiy ?aa?iiaeueiith nenoaiith
iaaee/iiai caaacia/aiiy ia oa?eoi??yo ?aae?iaeieia?/iiai caa?oaeiaiiy oa
ia?a?iciiae?eo iayaieo ?ano?n?a, ine?eueee ?o aeei?enoaiiy a no/anieo
oiiaao ia ei?aniiiaeoaaeinue c aeyaeaieie i??i?eoaoaie. A ca’yceo c oeei
aoea cai?iaaaeaeaia aeiiii?/ia aeaoa?i?iiaaia iiaeaeue i?aai?caoe??
iaaeeei-nai?oa?iiai caaacia/aiiy, ?aoe?iiaeueia i?io?e?caoe?y e?aeeiaiai
oiiaeo c aecia/aiiyi aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiiai aeei?enoaiiy aeiiiiiae ??cii?
?ioaineaiino? oa ci?noo c ao?eaiiyi ?aaa?e?oaoe?eieo caoiae?a ca
i?eioeeiii ii?aeiaii? ae?yeueiino? aiaoeaoi?ii-iie?ee?i?/ii? neoaeae oa
noaoe?iia?ieo caeeaae?a.

AENIIAEE

1. Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoiiaeaia iaae??oai?noth i?iaeai
iiaeaeueoi? ?icaoaeiae i?ia?aiii-oe?eueiai? iaaee/ii? ?aaa?e?oaoe??
aeeoy/iai oa i?aee?oeiaiai ianaeaiiy, yea iaoea? ia oa?eoi??yo
?aae?iaeieia?/iiai caa?oaeiaiiy oa iaaaeueii? iaiao?aeiino? iiooeo
oeyo?a, oi?i ? iaoiae?a aeoea?caoe?? ii?aeiaiiai iaaeeei-a?a??i?/iiai
caoenoo a ca’yceo c i?iaeiaaeaiiyi iia??oaiiy noaio ?o caei?ia’y ia oii?
c?inoath/eo ??ai?a aioo??oiueiai ii?ii?iaiiy. A oeueiio eiioaeno?
?ic?iaea nenoaiiaaiacieo i?aeoiae?a aei oi?ioaaiiy ?ioaa?aeueieo
e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/ieo oaoiieia?e, cie?aia, iaa?oiooaaiiy eiiieaeno
i?aai?caoe?eieo caoiae?a a yeino? neeaaeiai? ?aa?iiaeueii? nenoaie
iaaee/iiai ?aaa?e?oaoe?eiiai caaacia/aiiy ? aei?aaaeaiei.

2. A ia??iae 1991-1997 ??. anoaiiaeai? oaiaeaioe?? iia??oaiiy noaio
caei?ia’y aeeoy/iai ianaeaiiy ia oa?eoi??yo ?aae?iaeieia?/iiai
caa?oaeiaiiy: oai?iae na/inoaoaai? nenoaie ca?eueoeeenue ia 65,5%, oe??e
oa i?aeoe??ii? ee?oeiaeie – ia 21,1%, ?ioaeoe?ei? oa ia?aceoa?i? – ia
16,6%, ia?aiai? nenoaie ? i?aai?a /oooy – ia 6,6%, a?ia?ieac??
ueoiaeaeii? caeice – ia 22,4%. C?inee oai?iae e?ia? ? e?iaioai?ieo
i?aai?a, iiaiooai?aiiy. I?aeaeueeenue oaeiae iia?eia? iieacieee aeeoy/i?
nia?oiino? oa c?inea aeenaa?iii?ei?noue o?ce/iiai ?icaeoeo.

3. Aeiaaaeaia aeioe?euei?noue i?aai?caoe?? iiaeeaeaieo
i?ia?aiii-oe?eueiaeo ianoaaeaiue 5265 ae?oae oa i?aee?oe?a c caeo/aiiyi
a?eaaaee oao?aoe?a oa canoinoaaiiyi a?aeiia?aeieo
eaai?aoi?ii-?ino?oiaioaeueieo iaoiae?a, caaacia/eaoeo aeoeaia aeyaeaiiy
o 89,8% ae?oae oa i?aee?oe?a oeo /e ?ioeo caoai?thaaiue oa
ia?aaeiaoieia?/ieo noai?a, ui ?a?no?oaaeenue ia oii? o?aaeeoe?eii?
iecueei? iaaee/ii? aeoeaiino? c aieo aaouee?a ? n?i’? caaaeii oa
iaaei?aaaeaiei noaaeaiiyi aei caa?oaiiy a e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/i?
caeeaaee i?aeoe/ii an?o ?o ??ai?a, a iniiaiiio c i?e/ei a?eueo
noa’?eoeaieo, i?ae ia’?eoeaieo ca ci?noii.

4. Aea/ath/e ai?aeai?ieia?th aioo??oiueiai ii?ii?iaiiy o 10917 ae?oae
oa i?aee?oe?a anoaiiaeaiee a??ia?aeii aeuee na?aaei?e ??aaiue iieaciee?a
o iaoeaioe?a n?euenueei? i?noeaaino? o ii??aiyii? c oaeeie na?aae
aeeoae?a i?noa, ui ?icaeyaea?oueny a yeino? iaeiiai ?c a?aeiinii
ea?iaaieo eiiiiiaio?a yeee, caeaaeeoue, aieiaiei /eiii, a?ae ieoiii?
aaae a ?aoe?ii? oa?/oaaiiy i?noeaaeo i?iaeoeo?a. ?acii c oei, na?aaei?
??ai? iaeiie/aiiy ioee?ae?a ia caeaaeaee a?ae 20

noaoaai-a?eiaeo iciae, ca aeiyoeii 12-14 ??/ieo oeiey??a, ui
iiynith?oueny aeoea?caoe??th iai?iieo i?ioean?a, ia?aaoaeiaith
iae?iaiaeie?eiii? nenoaie o i?a- oa ioaa?oaoiiio ia??iae? ?icaeoeo.

5. A?aene?aeeiaaii cia/ia i?aeaeuaiiy na?aaei?o iieaciee?a aeoeaiino?
aioo??oiueiai ii?ii?iaiiy o ae?oae ? i?aee?oe?a, ii/eiath/e c 1994 ?. a
ii??aiyii? c iiia?aaei?i ia??iaeii, ui eiia??ii iaoiiaeaii iia??oaiiyi
caaacia/aiiy “aacioee?aeieie” i?iaeoeoaie oa?/oaaiiy oa aeiooaiith
i???ioaoe??th ia niiaeeaaiiy i?iaeoeoe?? i?noeaaiai ae?iaieoeoaa ?c
cia/iei ai?noii ?aae?iioee?ae?a (ii oeac?th-137), ye? aei 1991 ?.
ciaoiaeeeenue o a?oioao a neaai?ooeeaeo, o?eniaaieo oi?iao. A
iiaeaeueoiio (ciaioaiiy eiao?oe??ioo aeani?aoe??) aaea na?ae/eei i?i
aeoea?caoe?th i?ioean?a aeeth/aiiy oeueiai ioee?aeo aei aiaeii-a?oioiaeo
eiiieaen?a, ia?ao?ae a ?ineeii?noue ? oaeei /eiii aei i?iaeoeo?a
oa?/oaaiiy. Iaaaaeaia oaiaeaioe?y i?aeoe/ii oi?eaeanue on?o ae?oae oa
i?aee?oe?a, iaoeath/eo ia oa?eoi??yo ?aae?iaeieia?/iiai caa?oaeiaiiy,
iaeiae iniaeeaei iaaeaaiiieo//yi a?ae??ciyeenue oeiey?? ?c Ieaanueeiai,
Eoaeinueeiai oa Ia?ooeueeiai ?aeii?a, na?aae yeeo na?aaeiy aaee/eia
iieaciee?a a?eueoa ye o 50% ianoaaeaieo ia?aaeuoaaea 100 Ae/ea.

6. Cai?iiiiiaaia ?ioaa?aeueia i?aai?caoe?eia oaoiieia?y ?aaa?e?oaoe?? a
eaioe? “niaoe?ae?ciaai? iaeani? e?ea?i?–?aeiii? caeeaaee ioi?iie
caei?ia’y”, yea ia?aaeaa/aea: ia ia?oiio aoai? – caaaeueio ioe?ieo
caei?ia’y (ineoiniiaoe/iee noai, i?aei?aaii? ? i?aenenoaii? ii?ooaiiy,
?ecee-oaeoi?e, iniaeeaino? niiniao aeeooy aeeoeie, n?i’?); ia ae?oaiio –
ieaioaaiiy oa aeeiiaiiy eiiieaeno ?aaa?e?oaoe?eieo caoiae?a
(anoaiiaeaiiy i??i?eoaoiino?, nenoaiiino?, iine?aeiaiino?, oa?i?i?a
i?iaaaeaiiy, i?aeo?eieo ianyao oa ci?noo, e?eoaaeueii-a?aeiiaiiai
i?ioeano, oi?aae?iiy oaeoi?aie ?eceeo c iaoith caiia?aaiiy
oneeaaeiaiue, i?aeaeuaiiy iaaee/ii? aeoeaiino? aaouee?a ? ae?oae); ia
o?aoueiio aoai? – aenia?oiee eiio?ieue ye?nieo iieaciee?a
?aaa?e?oaoe?eieo caoiae?a o a?aeiia?aeiino? aei i?eeiyoiai noaiaea?oo
a?aeiiaieo ae?e (aaeaeaaoi?noue, iiaiioa, iine?aeiai?noue,
iaaeeei-oaoiieia?/ia aeenoeeie?ia, ioe?iea aoaeoeaiino? c aeei?enoaiiyi
nioe?aeueieo, iaaee/ieo, ineoieia?/ieo, aeiiii?/ieo e?eoa???a).

7. Iaa?oioiaai? oeyoe aenoaineaii-e?euee?nii? o?ainoi?iaoe?? aei
ye?nii-ci?noiaii? ae?yeueiino? a eaioe? “iaeania oi?aae?iiy ioi?iie
caei?ia’y – iaeani? niaoe?ae?ciaai? caeeaaee – ?aeiiia nenoaia iaaee/ieo
caeeaae?a” uiaei caa?aaeaiiy ? a?aeiiaeaiiy caei?ia’y ae?oae oa
i?aee?oe?a ia oa?eoi??yo ?aae?iaeieia?/iiai caa?oaeiaiiy ia iniia?
i?eaianaiiy nenoaiiaaiacieo aeeoa?aioe?eii-oaeineiiaethth/eo ci?i a
oaoiieia?? i?io?eaeoe/ieo iaeyae?a, aeeniaina?iiai iaaeyaeo,
noaiaea?oecaoe?th ianyao ? yeino? e?eoaaeueii-ae?aaiinoe/iiai i?ioeano a
oiiaao i?aai?caoe?eii-ii?aeiaii? “aioo??oiuei-ciai?oiuei?”
?aaa?e?oaoe??.

8. I?aeoaa?aeaeaia ae??caeaoi?noue iaa?oioiaaii? oa ia?aa??aii? a oiiaao
i?aai?caoe?eiiai aenia?eiaioo nenoaie ?aaa?e?oaoe?? ae?oae oa i?aee?oe?a
a caeeaaeao noai?aii? ia?aae? i?noeaaeo e?eoaaeueii-naiaoi?ieo oeaio??a
?aae?aoe?eiiai caoenoo. Iaea?eueo aoaeoeaiith ( o 97,6% in?a)
aeyaeeany eiia?iaoe?y iiaoaiiiai e?eoaaiiy ?c canoinoaaiiyi ia ia?oiio
aoai? ?a/iaei, noeioethth/eo aeaaaeaiiy c i?aai?cio ?aae?iioee?ae?a oa
oieneeaio?a, ui ae?thoue ca iaoai?ciii aioa?i- oa aaiini?aaio?a ia oii?
aeei?enoaiiy “iacaa?oaeiaieo” i?iaeoeo?a oa?/oaaiiy. Ia ae?oaiio aoai?
i?ecia/aeenue i?aia?aoe c aioeieneaeaioiith ae??th a eiia?iaoe?? c
?ioeie caoiaeaie iaaeeeaiaioiciiai oa iaiaaeeeaiaioiciiai ci?noo a
caeaaeiino? a?ae oeo /e ?ioeo iaoieia?/ieo i?iya?a c aieo i?aai?a ?
nenoai, ui ni?eyei cieaeaiith ??ai?a aioo??oiueiai ii?ii?iaiiy,
iii’yeoaiith ia?aa?ao iniiaieo ? noiooi?o caoai?thaaiue, iie?auaiith
ineoieia?/iiai oa o?ce/iiai noaio.

9. Aeiaaaeaii, ui ?ic?iaeaia oa cai?iiiiiaaia ?aa?iiaeueia nenoaia
iaaee/ii? ?aaa?e?oaoe?? ae?oae ? i?aee?oe?a, ye? iaoeathoue ia
?aae?ieiio?ieueiaaieo oa?eoi??yo iio?aao? a aeiaaino?ieia?e ia?niaeoea?
i??i?eoaoiiai ?icaeoeo ia iniia? aeei?enoaiiy i?aai?caoe?eii-no?oeoo?ii?
oa oi?aae?inueei? iiaeae? c iiceoe?e nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo oeyoii
ia?iaiaioiiai oaeineiiaeaiiy ? aa?iii?eii? aca?iiae?? ?? neeaaeiaeo:
oi?aae?inueeiai noa’?eoa (iaeaea?aeaaei?i?no?aoe?y, iaeania ?aaea,
iaeania oi?aae?iiy ioi?iie caei?ia’y), ea?iaaiiai ia’?eoa (iaaee/i?
caeeaaee on?o ??ai?a oa ia’?aeiaiue), eiai a?aeiia?aeieo aniaeo?a ?
aeieo ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai caaacia/aiiy c iaoith iaoeiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy,
iaoiiaethth/eo iiaeeea?noue neooaoe?eiiai, iia?aoeaiiai,
no?aoaa?/ii-oe?eueiaiai oi?aae?iiy oa ei?aeoe?th a?aeoeeaiue nenoaie
ca ianoaaei ciai?oiueiai aai aioo??oiueiai ci?noo.

Iniiai? i?iiiceoe?? oa oeyoe ?aae?caoe?? ia aea?aeaaiiio, aaeocaaiio oa
i?aeaaeocaaiio ??aiyo:

1. Nenoaia caoiae?a, uiaei oaeineiiaeaiiy iaaeeei-?aaa?e?oaoe?eiiai
caaacia/aiiy aeeoy/iai oa i?aee?oeiaiai ianaeaiiy a?ae??ciy?oueny
eiiieaeni?noth oa i?noeoue ?yae aca?iiaeiiiaithth/eo iai?yie?a
?aae?caoe??:

1.1. Ianeaii — iai?iiiee iai?yiie ia?aaeaa/aa caoiaee, ni?yiiaai? ia:

a) i?eoe?eueia ?ioi?ioaaiiy ianaeaiiy a eaioe? “e?ea? – aaoueee –
a/eoae? – ae?oe” i?i iaaaoeai? oaeoi?e ?eceeo, ii/aoeia? i?iyae
aeacaaeaioaoe??;

a) iii’yeoaiiy aieeao nioe?aeueiiai na?aaeiaeua, cie?aia aeyaeaiiy oa
ciaioaiiy iaaa?acae?a a n?i’? oa oeie?;

a) ciaioaiiy aieeao ?aae?iaeieia?/iiai na?aaeiaeua, a eaioe? “ae?oe –
o/aiaa na?aaeiaeua – aeiae?eey”;

a) iii’yeoaiiy aieeao iacaaeainiaaiiai ?aaeeio o/aiai? i?aoe? oa
a?aeii/eieo oeiey??a;

ae) aeio?eiaiiy a?a??i?/ieo i?eioeei?a oa?/oaaiiy, ?aae?caoe?th
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e noiniaii iaiaaeaiiy iaaeoiaeaeaiiy ?aae?iioee?ae?a aei
i?aai?cio;

?) iaieiae?iiy iaoiaeaie ineoi-aiioe?eiiai ?icaaioaaeaiiy ? ?ooiai?
aeoeaiino? aaeaeaaoieo noaio caei?ia’y;

ae) oi?ioaaiiy iioeaaoe?? aei i?aeaeuaiiy iaaee/ii? aeoeaiino? a eaioe?
“e?ea? – aaoueee – a/eoae? – ae?oe”;

c) iioei?caoe?th iaaeeei-a?a??i?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee nenoaiiaaiaco o/aiai?
aaeaioaoe?? ia ii/aoeia?e, ia?ao?aei?e oa aeiaaio?eaae?e noaae?? c
iniaeeai ae?aceeaei ia?aiai-aiioe?eiei iai?oaeaiiyi ??aiy ianiaoeeo?/ii?
ii??iino? i?aai?cio;

?) aaaaeaiiy oii?yaeeiaaieo o/aiaeo i?ia?ai o a?aeiia?aeiino? c
?iaeea?aeoaeueieie iiaeeeainoyie i?enoinoaaeueii-caoeniiai ci?noo.

1.2. Aeoeaii-eiino?oeoeaiee iai?yiie iaaee/iiai caaacia/aiiy
ia?aaeaa/aa:

a) aeyaeaiiy oa iii’yeoaiiy aieeao nioe?aeueii-a?a??i?/ieo oaeoi??a
aeiae?eey, iiaeeeainoae ?o iioaioe?thaaiiy c ioee?aeieie eiiieaenaie;

a) aeei?enoaiiy oaeineiiaeaii? ca ci?noii oa iai?aaeai?noth i?aai?caoe??
iioei?ciaaii? o?ueionooiaiaai? nenoaie iaaee/ieo iaeyae?a, aoaiiino?
aeeniaina?ecaoe??;

a) iiaeaeueoa oaeineiiaeaiiy i?io?eaeoe/ieo iaeyae?a, aeeniaina?iiai
iaaeyaeo, e?eoaaeueii-ae?aaiinoe/iiai i?ioeano, ?aae?ieia?/iiai
eiio?ieth o a?aeiia?aeiino? ?c noai?aieie noaiaea?oaie ianyao ? yeino?
oa a?aeiinieie iiaeeeainoyie iaaeeei-i?io?eaeoe/ieo caeeaae?a ?-???
??ai?a;

a) i?iaeiaaeaiiy iaia’yceiaino? eiiieaeniiai ianoaaeaiiy noaio
caei?ia’y, cie?aia e?iaiooai?thth/i?, ?ioiii?, aiaeie?eiii? oa
aaaaoi-noaeeiii? nenoai i?e iayaiino? i?aeaeuaiiai iaeiie/aiiy
?aae?iioee?ae?a;

ae) noai?aiiy ia?aae? i?noeaaeo ?aaa?e?oaoe?eieo oa icaei?ia/eo oeaio??a
c iaoith i?iaaaeaiiy niaoe?aeueieo e?eoaaeueii-ae?aaiinoe/ieo oa
a?aeiiaieo caoiae?a uiaei ae?oae oa i?aee?oe?a;

a) aeei?enoaiiy noai?aii? ooieoe?iiaeueii-no?oeoo?ii? iiaeae? oi?aae?iiy
?aa?iiaeueiith nenoaiith iaaeeei-?aaa?e?oaoe?eiiai caaacia/aiiy
aeeoy/iai oa i?aee?oeiaiai ianaeaiiy c o?aooaaiiyi iiaeeeainoae aio/eiai
aaaaeaiiy neooaoe?eiiai, iia?aoeaiiai ? no?aoaa?/ii-oe?eueiaiai
?aaaoaaiiy ca ianoaaei, ui neeaeenue a oa?i?iiaeo, na?aaeiueioa?i?iiaeo
? aeiaaio?eaaeeo oiiaao aeeiiaiiy caaaeaiue oa aeinyaiaiiy caieaiiaaii?
iaoe.

Aeneiaethth ue?o aaey/i?noue ae.i.i., i?ioani?o Iaai?i?e A.I. ca
eiinoeueoaoeaio ? iaoiaee/io aeiiiiiao i?e aeeiiaii? iaoeiai? ?iaioe.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

1. Ia?aiiiia C.I. I?aaiecaoeey ?aaaeeeoaoeee eeoe n iiauoaiiui
iaeiieaieai ?aaeeiioeeeaeia a i?aaiecia o eeoe, ioianaiiuo e eaoaai?ee
a?oii ?enea //Aanoiee oeceioa?aiee e eo?i?oieiaee. – 1998. – ? 2, N.48.

2. Ia?aiiiia C.I. Iaa?oiooaaiiy eiiieaeno i?aai?caoe?eieo caoiae?a
uiaei iaaee/ii? ?aaa?e?oaoe?? ae?oae oa i?aee?oe?a, ye? iino?aaeaeaee
aiane?aeie *i?iiaeeuenueei? eaoano?ioe //Oe?a?inueeee ?aae?ieia?/iee
aeo?iae.–1999.–? 7, N. 198-202.

3. Ia?aiiiia C.I. Ie?ai? iieacieee caei?ia’y o ae?oae, ui iaoeathoue ia
?aae?aoe?eii-caa?oaeiaieo oa?eoi??yo //Aanoiee aeaeaiu e
yieaeaieieiaee.–1999.–?1. N. 105-109.

4. Ia?aiiiia C.I. Noai ueoiaeaeii? caeice o ae?oae i?e ae?? iaeeo aeic
?aae?aoe?? // A?niee iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue . – 1999.- ? 2, N.65-66.

5. Iiiiia?aiei A.I., Ia?aiiiia C.I., Iaeeiianeee A.N., Oaoeei A.E.,
sseia/oe A.A. Ioe?iea oaiaeaioe?e iieaciee?a caei?ia’y aeeoy/iai
ianaeaiiy ?aae?aoe?eii-caa?oaeiaieo cii AEeoiie?nueei? iaeano?
(Aiae?oe/iee iaeyae e?oa?aoo?e) //A?niee nioe?aeueii? a?a??ie oa
i?aai?caoe?? ioi?iie caei?ia’y Oe?a?ie. –1999-?2, N.94-97.

AIIOAOe?ss

Ia?aiiiia C.I. Iaoeiaa iaa?oiooaaiiy eiiieaeno i?aai?caoe?eieo caoiae?a
uiaei iaaee/ii? ?aaa?e?oaoe?? ae?oae oa i?aee?oe?a, ye? iino?aaeaeaee
aiane?aeie *i?iiaeeuenueei? eaoano?ioe. – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 14.02.03. – nioe?aeueia iaaeeoeeia; Iaoe?iiaeueiee
iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? I.I.Aiaiiieueoey, Ee?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia aecia/aiith iniaeeainoae aeeiai?ee ci?i a noai?
caei?ia’y aeeoy/iai oa i?aee?oeiaiai ianaeaiiy, ui noaei i?aenoaaith
aeey iaa?oiooaaiiy oa ?aae?caoe?? oeyo?a aenoaineaii-e?euee?nii?
o?ainoi?iaoe?? aei ye?nii-ci?noiaii? ae?yeueiino? caeeaae?a ioi?iie
caei?ia’y. Anoaiiaeaia aeioe?euei?noue ii?aeiaiiai iaaeeei-a?a??i?/iiai
caoenoo icia/aieo eiioeiaaio?a c iaoith ia’?eoea?caoe?? iii?oi?eiao
i?iaeai caei?ia’y oa oi?aae?inueeeo ??oaiue a?aeiinii neoaea, ui
iio?aaothoue ia?oi/a?aiaiai ?icaeoeo oa eiio?ieth ca aeei?enoaiiyi
?ano?n?a. Aeiaaaeaia caeaaei?noue caei?ia’y ae?oae ? i?aee?oe?a,
caoai?thaaii?noue, iia?eiaa nia?oi?noue, o?ce/iee ?icaeoie a?ae ??ai?a
aioo??oiueiai ii?ii?iaiiy, oeyoe oi?ioaaiiy oeueiai iieacieea a eaioe?
“a?oioiai-aiaei? eiiieaene – i?iaeoeoe oa?/oaaiiy – i?aai?ci”.
Iaa?oioiaai? i?ia?aiii-oe?eueia? ?aaa?e?oaoe?ei? caoiaee oa aeei?enoaiiy
?o a noai?ai?e i?noeaa?e ia?aae? e?eoaaeueii-naiaoi?ieo oeaio??a
?aae?aoe?eiiai caoenoo. Cai?iiiiiaaia aaaaoianiaeoia ?aa?iiaeueia
nenoaia iaaee/iiai caaacia/aiiy aeeoy/iai oa i?aee?oeiaiai ianaeaiiy c
aecia/aiiyi i??i?eoaoieo iai?yie?a ?aae?caoe?? oa a?aei?aoethaaiiy
iioeiaeueieo aa??aio?a neooaoe?eiiai, iia?aoeaiiai,
no?aoaa?/ii-oe?eueiaiai oi?aae?iiy ?aaa?e?oaoe?eieie caoiaeaie
?aaoethaaiiy a?aeoeeaiue oa ei?aeoe?? iaaeie?e?a a ?? ooieoe?iioaaii?,
ui iaoiiaethaaeenue ianoaaeiaie aioo??oiueiai aai ciai?oiueiai ci?noo.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: caoai?thaai?noue, o?ce/iee ?icaeoie, aeeniaina?ecaoe?y,
aioo??oi? ii?ii?iaiiy, i?aai?caoe?y oi?aae?iiy, ?aaa?e?oaoe?y.

AIIIOAOeEss

Ia?aiiiia C.I. Iao/iia iainiiaaiea eiiieaena i?aaiecaoeeiiiuo
ia?ii?eyoee ii iaaeeoeeineie ?aaaeeeoaoeee aeaoae e iiae?inoeia,
iino?aaeaaoeo a neaaenoaea *a?iiaueueneie eaoano?iou.-?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeeoeeineeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14.02.03 — nioeeaeueiay iaaeeoeeia;
Iaoeeiiaeueiue iaaeeoeeineee oieaa?neoao eiaie A.A.Aiaiiieueoea,
Eeaa,1999.

Aeooaeueiinoue enneaaeiaaiee iainiiaaia iaiaoiaeeiinoueth
aeaeueiaeoaai niaa?oainoaiaaiey i?ia?aiiii-oeaeaaiai iaania/aiey aeaoae
e iiae?inoeia, iinoiyiii i?iaeeaathueo ia oa??eoi?eyo
?aaeeiyeieiae/aneiai caa?yciaiey ia iniiaa aaaaeaiey a nenoaio
?aaeiiaeueiiai cae?aaiio?aiaiey iiauo i?aaiecaoeeiiiuo oi?i e iaoiaeia
iaoeaaoeeiiiie aeoeaecaoeee eiiieaeniie iaaeeei-aeaeaie/aneie caueou.
N?aaee aeaoae e iiae?inoeia oeacaiiuo oa??eoi?ee (10 ?aeiiia iaeanoe)
ioia/aiu iaaaoeaiua oaiaeaioeee a ninoiyiee caei?iauey, iiauoaiee
caaieaaaaiinoe, iiaic?anoiie nia?oiinoe, nieaeaiee iieacaoaeae
oece/aneiai ?acaeoey, oaaee/aiee oaeaeueiiai aana eeoe (54,5%) n
aeenaa?iiie/aneeie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie oece/aneiai ?acaeoey e iieiaie
c?aeinoe.

Iauaeoeaiinoue i?eaaaeaiiuo aeaiiuo iiaeoaa?aeaeaia ?acoeueoaoaie
eiiieaeniuo iniio?ia 5265 /aeiaae , n?aaee eioi?uo i?aeoe/anee
caei?iauie ieacaeinue 10,.2%. I?e yoii ia eaaeaeiai ianeaaeiaaiiiai a
n?aaeiai i?eoiaeeeinue 3,2 caaieaaaiee, eee i?aii?aeoiuo ninoiyiee.
I?ineaaeaii cia/eoaeueiia iiauoaiea n?aaeieo iieacaoaeae aioo?aiiaai
iaeo/aiey (ianeaaeiaaii 10917 oeieueieeia), /oi yaeeinue iaeiei ec
aaaeiaeoeo neaaenoaee cia/eoaeueiiai ia?aie/aiey a iaania/aiee
“aacioeeeaeiuie” i?iaeoeoaie ieoaiey e auioaeaeaiiui eniieueciaaieai
i?iaeoeoia ianoiiai i?iecaiaenoaa, niaea?aeaueo ?aaeeiioeeeaeiua
niaaeeiaiey ( ii oeaceth 137). Iaoiaeynue aei 1991 a. a ii/aa a
ioiineoaeueii neaaiiiaeaeaeiuo, oeene?iaaiiuo oi?iao iie n yoiai
ia?eiaea ia/aee aeoeaii aeeth/aoueny a caaii “a?oioiai-aiaeiua eiiieaenu
— i?iaeoeou ieoaiey -i?aaieci”. Ioia/aia caaeneiinoue ninoiyiey
caei?iauey aeaoae e iiae?inoeia io o?iaiae aioo?aiiaai iaeo/aiey,
iniaia iaaeaaiiieo/ea eiaei ianoi n?aaee oeieueieeia Ieaaneiai,
Ia?o/neiai, Eoaeineiai ?aeiiia, o aieaa /ai 50% eioi?uo n?aaeiyy
aaee/eia iineaaeiaai i?aauoaea 100 Ae/ea.

A nayce ni neiaeeaoeieny ianoiyoaeuenoaaie iainiiaaiu e ?aaeueii
inouanoaeythony ia?ii?eyoey yenoaineaii-eiee/anoaaiiie o?ainoi?iaoeee a
nenoaia: “iaeaniia oi?aaeaiea cae?aaiio?aiaiey — niaoeeaeece?iaaiiua
o/?aaeaeaiey — ?aeiiiay nenoaia iaaeeoeeineeo o/?aaeaeaiee” a
eiee/anoaaiii-niaea?aeaoaeueioth. N yoie oeaeueth i?eaianaiu nenoaiiua
aeeooa?aioeeaeueii-oniaa?oainoaothuea eciaiaiey a oaoiieiaeth
i?ioeeaeoe/aneeo iniio?ia, aeeniaina?ecaoeeth, noaiaea?oecaoeeth
ea/aaii-aeeaaiinoe/aneeo i?ioeannia a oneiaeyo eiiieaeniie “aioo?aiia —
aiaoiae” ?aaaeeeoaoeee, iai?aaeaiiie ia i?aaeoi?aaeaeaiea iaaaoeaiiai
aeey nenoaiiiai iauaeoa (eiaeeaeaeooia, naiuee, ianaeaiey) oa/aiey
i?ioeannia aioo?e iaai naiiai eee a n?aaea aai iaeoaiey (oece/aneiai,
nioeeaeueiiai e o. ae.).

Iainiiaaiu i?ia?aiiii-oeaeaaua ?aaaeeeoaoeeiiiua ia?ii?eyoey,
?ac?aaioaiu i?eioeeiu ooieoeeiie?iaaiey nicaeaiiie naoe
ea/aaii-naiaoi?iuo oeaio?ia ?aaeeaoeeiiiie caueou, oeaee e caaea/e
ea/aaii-icaei?iaeoaeueiuo ia?ii?eyoee ii ia?eiaeai e noaaeeyi ai
acaeiinayce n aeai?eoiii ea/aaii-aeeaaiinoe/aneiai i?ioeanna,
?ac?aaioaiu iaoiaee/aneea iiaeoiaeu iicaieythuea i?iaaaeaiea
iai?aaeaiiie yenia?oiie ioeaiee iauaia e ea/anoaa ?aaaeeeoaoeeiiiuo
ia?ii?eyoee ii ia?aiao?ai naiaa?aiaiiinoe , iieiiou, aaeaeaaoiinoe e
o.ae.

Aeieacaia aeaaniiniaiinoue i?aaeeiaeaiiie ?aaeiiaeueiie nenoaiu
iaaeeoeeineiai iaania/aiey aeaoae e iiae?inoeia a ea/anoaa iainiiaaiiuo
i?aaiecaoeeiiiie, ?aaaeeeoaoeeiiiie iai?aaeaiiinoe ia?ii?eyoee
o?aaothueo a aeieain?i/iie ia?niaeoeaa i?ei?eoaoiiai ?acaeoey ia iniiaa
eniieueciaaiey nicaeaiiie, n iiceoeee nenoaiiiai iiaeoiaea,
ooieoeeiiaeueii-no?oeoo?iie oi?aaeai/aneie iiaeaee iooai ia?iaiaioiiai
oniaa?oainoaiaaiey e aa?iiie/iiai acaeiiaeaenoaey aa ninoaaeythueo. A
caaeneiinoe io ianoiyoaeuenoa, aa eniieueciaaiea iicaieyao inouanoaeyoue
neooaoeeiiiia, iia?aoeaiia e no?aoaae/anee-oeaeaaia oi?aaeaiea, a
oaeaea aiineoue naiaa?aiaiiua ei??aeoeau i?e oneiaee aicieeiiaaiey
aiciiaeiuo ioeeiiaiee a nenoaia ii i?e/eiai aiaoiaai eee aioo?aiiaai
ii?yaeea.

A yoii eiioaenoa i?aaeeiaeai e ?aaeecoaony eiiieaen ia?ii?eyoee,
eanathueeny iaaeeei-nioeeaeueiuo aniaeoia ?aaaeeeoaoeee aeaoae e
iiae?inoeia ioee/athueeny acaeiiaeiiieiythueie iai?aaeaieyie, a
/anoiinoe (ianneaii-iai?iiiiai e aeoeaii-eiino?oeoeaiiai niaea?aeaiey).

Eeth/aaua neiaa: caaieaaaaiinoue, oece/aneia ?acaeoea,
aeeniaina?ecaoeey, aioo?aiiaa iaeo/aiea, i?aaiecaoeey oi?aaeaiey,
?aaaeeeoaoeey.

SUMMARY

Paramonov Z.M. Scientific substantiation of organization measures
complex for medical rehabilitation of those children and teenagers
affected by the Chornobyl NPPD.

The Candidat of Medical Sciences Thesis in Social Medicine and Public
Health Mana-gement – speciality 14.02.03. – Ukrainian Ministry of Public
Health, National Medical University named after acad.O.O.Bogomolets,
Kyiv, 1999.

The thesis is devoted to definition of children’s population health
status changes in dynamics after the ChNPPD. This has grounded and gave
impetus for seeking ways of transformation of our medical practisizing
facilities activity from extensive-quantitative to
qualitative-substantial ones. It has been schown rationality in combined
medical and hygienic approach for safegarding of their health status
monitoring to be more objective. It also has optimized decision-making
process by authorities especially in dealing with those services wich
have priority for their development and might be supervised in using
their resources.

It has been proved interrelation between children’s health and their
internal radioemission levels as well as ways in formation of this index
in the chain “Soil-and-water complexes – food products – human being“.
Some adequate targeted programmes rehabilitation mesures has been
substantiated and implemented in the newly established special
treatment-and-resorts centers network for provision of radiation
protection. Some multiaspects regional system of medical care provision
for the children population has been offered. Its development priorities
has been defined as well as some optimized versions in various
situations, operative and strategic-aimed management, regulation in
possible deviations and defects in functioning also have been tested.

Key words: sick rate, physical development, dispanserization, internal
irradiation, organization management, rehabilitation.

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