I?EEA?IAONUeEEE OI?AA?NEOAO ?iai? AANEEss NOAOAIEEA

Eoeueaaanueea Ieaia Aaeaioei?aia

OAeE 808.3-56

IAI?AI?AAeEEAOEAI? EIINO?OEOe??

A NO*ANI?E OE?A?INUeE?E IIA?

Niaoe?aeuei?noue: 10.02.01 – oe?a?inueea iiaa

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo iaoe

?aaii-O?aie?anuee — 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? no/anii? oe?a?inueei? iiae *a?i?aaoeueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.TH.Oaaeueeiae/a.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?
Aoeaaithe

I?ia Aanee?aia,
caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e no/anii?

oe?a?inueei? iiae
*a?i?aaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai

oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.
TH.Oaaeueeiae/a

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe — aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?
Ooeueaeoe

Eaeaiee Oaaei?iae/,
caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e

oe?a?inueei? iiae
??aiainueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaea-

aia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo
I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe

Oe?a?ie

— eaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo
iaoe, aeioeaio Ia?oiithe

Ethaeieea Ieoaee?aia,
aeioeaio eaoaae?e

oe?a?inueei? iiae
Oa?iii?euenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai

iaaeaaia?/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. A.Aiaothea

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — Oaeai?iaenueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao,
eaoaae?a

oe?a?inueei? iiae

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “28 ” a?oaeiy 1998 ?ieo i 12 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E.09.03.02 aeey caoenoo aeena?oaoe?e ia
caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo iaoe i?e
I?eea?iaonueeiio oi?aa?neoao? ?i.A.Noaoaieea (284001, ?aaii-O?aie?anuee,
aoe.Oaa/aiea, 57).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? I?eea?iaonueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.A.Noaoaieea.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii “27” eenoiiaaea 1998 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? ?aaee

eaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio
I.ss.Oeoe?anueea

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea aeena?oaoe??

No/ania a?aiaoe/ia oai??y aeiaaa? aaaaoianiaeoiiai, iae/ano?oa
neioaciaaiiai aiae?co neioaene/ieo iaeeieoeue ?c a?aooaaiiyi
??ciiiai?oiino? ?o naiaioe/ieo, oi?iaeueieo ? ooieoe?iiaeueieo iciae.

O ??cieo noa?ao aeyao iiaii? ae?yeueiino? aeoeaii aeei?enoiaothoueny
neioaene/i? iiaoaeiae, yeei a?aeiia?aea? noaoon i?inoeo oneeaaeiaieo
?a/aiue. ? oi/ oa?i?i “oneeaaeiaia ?a/aiiy” a iiaiciaanoa? noaa
caaaeueiii?eeiyoei, ana ae o no/ani?e oai??? a?aenooi? ?aeeia aecia/aiiy
oeueiai oeio no?oeoo?. O o?aeooaaii? oaeo?a oneeaaeiaiiy aaaaoi
aeeneon?eiiai, ine?eueee oe? neioaene/i? iiaoaeiae aeoaea ??ci? ca
no?oeoo?ith, naiaioeeith oa ooieoe?yie, ui e coiiaeei a?aenooi?noue ?o
inoaoi/ii? eeaneo?eaoe??. O?aaeeoe?eii c iiiyooyi i?inoiai oneeaaeiaiiai
?a/aiiy iia’ycothoueny neioaene/i? iaeeieoe?, ui i?noyoue a?aeie?aieai?
/eaie. Aei ?o neeaaeo aoiaeyoue eiiiiiaioe nenoaie aoi?eiii?
i?aaeeeaoe??, ui ni?aa?aeiinyoueny c i?ae?yaeieie /anoeiaie neeaaeiiai
?a/aiiy o oi?iaeueii – naiaioe/iiio ieai?.

Ieoaiiy i?i aeiaeaoeiao i?aaeeeaoeai?noue eiiiiiaio?a,
?ciooieoe?iiaeueieo c i?ae?yaeieie ?a/aiiyie, o/ai? iia’ycothoue c
i?iaeaiith iai?ai?aaeeeaoeaiino?, yea aecia/a?oueny a neioaene/i?e
oai??? c ??cieo iiaeyae?a: 1) o ca’yceo c a/aiiyi i?i a?aeie?aieai?
ae?oai?yaei? /eaie ?a/aiiy (I.I.Iioaaiy, ?.?.Aeoiaaiaoeue,
E.I.Eaaeiioeaaa, A.A.?oeeiae/, A.A.Aae, I.N.Aaea?ia oa ?i.); 2) o
ca’yceo c aiae?cii oi?iaeueii-neioaene/ieo iciae iai?ai?aaeeeaoeaieo
a?aeiioaiue oa c’ynoaaiiyi ?o neioaene/ii? i?e?iaee (I.I.Eaiei?ia,
I.A.Ne?ioei?ia, A.I.Cieioiaa, A.N.Naneiiae/, E.I.Eioeue, ?.?.Neeiueei,
I.A.Aoeaaithe, E.O.Ooeueaeoe, I.ss.Iethu oa ?i.).

O na?oe? aeine?aeaeaiue inoaiiueiai /ano noa? c?icoi?eei, ui
o?aaeeoe?eiee aiae?c – ca /eaiaie ?a/aiiy – ia oe?eeii i?eaeaoiee aeey
oe?eae no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy neioaene/ieo yaeu. Eiai
caaaeaiiyi a iniiaiiio ? ?iciiae?e aeaiaio?a ?a/aiiy ca oeie /e ?ioeie
cacaeaeaa?aeue aecia/aieie ?oa?eeaie (i?aeiao, i?enoaeie, aeiaeaoie,
icia/aiiy, ianoaaeie), aac o?aooaaiiy ?o no?oeoo?ieo ca’yce?a ye o ieai?
ia?aaeeaiaoeee, oae ? a ieai? neioaaiaoeee. Uia aeyaeoe neioaene/i?
iniaeeaino? ?a/aiue c a?aeie?aieaieie /eaiaie, iaiao?aeii aeciaoe, ui a
iia? ? eiino?oeoe??, ye? aacothoueny ia iniaeeaeo iai?ai?aaeeeaoeaieo
a?aeiioaiiyo. I?e ?o iien?, ia iaoo aeoieo, iaiao?aeii a?aoe aei oaaae
iiiyooy i?i iioe?thth/? /eaie ?a/aiiy oa ii?oieia?/i? caniae ?o
ae?aaeaiiy, a ia o?aaeeoe?ei? ae?oai?yaei? /eaie – icia/aiiy, aeiaeaoee
e ianoaaeie, c yeeie cacia/ai? eiino?oeoe?? ia oioiaei?.

Iiiyooy iai?ai?aaeeeaoeaiino? e iai?ai?aaeeeaoeaii? eiino?oeoe?? o?nii
iia’ycaia c ii?oieia?/iith i?e?iaeith oa iiiian?ieia?/ieie ia?aiao?aie
ie?aieo ne?a, c ?o naiaioeeith oa iiaeeeainoyie neioaene/ieo ca’yce?a o
?a/aii?. O oeueiio ieai? aeoeaii ae??ciy?oueny ae??i?ene?aiee, ui
ooai?th? iai?ai?aaeeeaoeaiee cai?io.

*anoeiiiiaiee noaoon ae??i?ene?aieea o?aeoo?oueny iaiaeiicia/ii, ye ?
eiai neioaene/i? ooieoe?? oa a?aeiioaiiy, ui iaiaeii?aciai aoee
i?aaeiaoii niaoe?aeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue (i?aoe? E.I.Aea?eaan-Otheoeii?,
A.A.Aae?iiai?, I.E.Aiao?oe, A.N.Naneiiae/, E.I.Eioeue, I.I.Eocueie/ oa
?i.). I?ioa a/ai? iaiaaeoaaeeny caeaa?eueoiai caaaeueieie caoaaaeaiiyie
i?i ae??i?ene?aiee ye oi?io ae??neiaa /e aeiaiaeeee, ui a?i ?c nooi
ii?oieia?/iiai iiaeyaeo noaiiaeoue iaa?aei?ithaaio oi?io, yea
a?ae??aaeanue a?ae ia?aaeeaie ae??neiaa ? aoiaeeoue aei neeaaeo
i?ene?aiee?a (?.E.Eo/a?aiei, ?.?.Aeoiaaiaoeue, I.I.Eocueie/), aai ?
ie?aiith iaci?iiith (a?a?eaeiith) /anoeiith iiae (N.?.Aei?ioaiei). Uiaei
neioaene/ieo ooieoe?e, oi o?aaeeoe?eii ae??i?ene?aiee oa
ae??i?ene?aieeia? cai?ioe o?aeooaaeeny: 1) ye «nei?i/ai? i?ae?yaei?
?a/aiiy» (I.?.A?a/, O.?.Aonea?a); 2)ye a?aeie?aieai? ae?oai?yaei? /eaie
– ianoaaeie ??ciiai oeio (I.I.I?oeianueeee, E.A.Aoeaoianueeee,
A.I.Eoeee, I.O.Aeieaiei, ?.?.Aeaoethe, A.A.Eaauoe, I.I.?a/aiei oa ?i.);
3) ye a?aeie?aieai? neioaaie (I.N.Iaeueie/oe, A.I.Ie?eiee); 4) ye
iai?ai?aaeeeaoeai? eiino?oeoe?? (?.?.Aeoiaaiaoeue, E.A.Ai?iaeainueea,
A.I.?onai?anueeee, ?.?.Neeiueei, I.A.Aoeaaithe, I.O.Eiaeeyinueea,
E.I.Eaaeiioeaaa, A.I.Cieioiaa, I.I.Eaiei?ia, O.A.Ae?niaa, ss.Ea/aea,
ss.Iiiaea, A.A?aa’? oa ?i.). Iacaaaeath/e ia iineeaiee ?ioa?an aei
ieoaiiy neioaeneno ae??i?ene?aieea, a onueiio ianyc? i?iaeaia
ooieoe?iioaaiiy ae??i?ene?aieeiaeo eiino?oeoe?e a ??cieo oiiaao ?o
neioaene/iiai aaeeaaiiy caeeoa?oueny ua ia aeine?aeaeaiith.

Oe? neioaene/i? iaeeieoe? ?icaeyaeathoueny a e?iaa?noe/i?e e?oa?aoo??,
ii-ia?oa, ye i?ino? ?a/aiiy (?.?.Aeoiaaiaoeue, E.A.Ai?iaeainueea,
A.I.?onai?anueeee, ?.?.Neeiueei, I.A.Aoeaaithe, E.O.Ooeueaeoe,
E.I.Eaaeiioeaaa, E.E.Aeieo???aa, A.O.I?eyoe?ia, I.I.Eaiei?ia oa ?i.);
ii-ae?oaa, aeciathoueny iie?i?aaeeeaoeaieie, ye ? neeaaeia ?a/aiiy
(I.I.Naciiiaa); ii-o?ao?, ye ia?ao?aeiee oei eiino?oeoe?e a aaeoc?
neeaaeiiai oa i?inoiai ?a/aiiy, yeee caneoaiao? ia ie?aia i?noea a
neioaene/i?e a?aaeaoe??, ye-io: i?inoa / neeaaeia / oneeaaeiaia
?a/aiiy (A.E.Iieona?iei,I.?.*a?aien?ia).

Iniaeeai cia/iee iaoeiaee ?ioa?an aeeeeea? aea/aiiy ?a/aiue c
iai?ai?aaeeeaoeaieie ae??i?ene?aieeiaeie eiino?oeoe?yie c oi/ee ci?o
ooieoe?iiaeueii? naiaioeee. I?iaeaia noi?niino? aeaio oei?a
i?aaeeeaoeaieo a?aeiioaiue, ii?iaeaeaieo iniiaiith ae??th
(i?aaeeeaoeaiith iciaeith) oa aeiaeaoeiaith, iia’ycaia c aeine?aeaeaiiyi
naiaioe/ii? iie?i?aaeeeaoeaiino? ?a/aiiy, a yeiio ?icaeaathoueny
i?ioeane neioaene/ii? eiii?an?? oa ?aaeoeoe??, noi?iaiaeaeoaai? cai?iaie
neioaene/ieo ca’yce?a i?ae eiiiiiaioaie ?a/aii?ai? no?oeoo?e.

Ioaea, aeooaeuei?noue aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aiioeaiao?oueny
iio?aaaie aaeineiiaeaiiy iien?a neioaene/ii? i?e?iaee ?a/aiue c
iai?ai?aaeeeaoeaieie cai?ioaie o iiaiciaa/eo i?aoeyo oa a?aiaoeeao, aea
ua aei oeueiai /ano yaeua neioaene/iiai oneeaaeiaiiy caeeoa?oueny
iai?iaiae?ciaaiei. Aeo?aeiith aeey iaoiai ?icoi?iiy oneeaaeiaiiai
i?inoiai ?a/aiiy noaea eiioeaioe?y ?.?. Aeoiaaioey, yeee ?icaeyaea? eiai
ii?yae ?c i?inoeie oa neeaaeieie ?a/aiiyie ye ie?aio neioaene/io oi?io,
oneeaaeiaiiy yei?, i?ioa, ia? naiaioe/iee oa?aeoa?. Aeine?aeaeaiiy
?a/aiue, oneeaaeiaieo iai?ai?aaeeeaoeaieie ae??i?ene?aieeiaeie
eiino?oeoe?yie, o ?aoa?iaai?e i?aoe? a?oioo?oueny ia iiaiio
naiaioeei–neioaene/iiio i?aeoiae? aei i?iaeaie i?inoiai oneeaaeiaiiai
?a/aiiy, ia iiiyoo? iai?ai?aaeeeaoeaiino? ye neioaene/i?e eaoaai???, ui
ii-??ciiio ?ai?acaioo? naaa o ?a/aiiyo ?c aoi?eiiith i?aaeeeaoe??th.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Iai?yiie
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iia’ycaiee c eiiieaeniith iaoeiaith
oaiith eaoaae?e no/anii? oe?a?inueei? iiae *a?i?aaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? TH??y Oaaeueeiae/a “?icaeoie oe?a?inueei? iiae ia
eaene/iiio oa a?aiaoe/iiio ??ai?”.

Ia oe? caaaeueii? i?iaeaiaoeee anoaiiaeth?oueny iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy:
aeyaeoe iaoai?ci oneeaaeiaiiy i?inoiai ?a/aiiy ae??i?ene?aieeiaeie
eiiieaenaie, anoaiiaeoe aioo??oi? oa ciai?oi? iciaee,
oi?iaeueii-neioaene/i?, naiaioeei-neioaene/i? oa
ooieoe?iiaeueii-eiioi?eaoeai? aeanoeaino? iai?ai?aaeeeaoeaieo
oneeaaeithth/eo eiiiiiaio?a nenoaie aoi?eiii? i?aaeeeaoe??.

Aeinyaiaiiy iaoe ia?aaeaa/a? ?ica’ycaiiy oaeeo caaaeaiue:

c’ynoaaoe iiiyooy eaoaai??? iai?ai?aaeeeaoeaiino? oa oiiae ??
?aae?caoe?? o i?inoiio oneeaaeiaiiio ?a/aii?;

i?iaiae?coaaoe iniaeeaino? no?oeoo?oaaiiy i?inoiai oneeaaeiaiiai
?a/aiiy c ae??i?ene?aieeiaeie eiiieaenaie ye iio?aeii? neioaene/iii?
iaeeieoe?;

aeae?eeoe ??ci? oeie neioaene/ieo ca’yce?a oa a?aeiioaiue c o?aooaaiiyi
aaaaoi??aiaai? ???a?o?? oneeaaeiaiiai ?a/aiiy;

?icaeyiooe iniiai? oeie i?iiiceoe?e oa ?o ?ai?acaioaoe?? o i?inoiio
?a/aii?, oneeaaeiaiiio ae??i?ene?aieeiaith eiino?oeoe??th;

cae?enieoe eeaneo?eaoe?th aoi?eiieo Part-II-i?aaeeeao?a o no?oeoo??
i?inoiai oneeaaeiaiiai ?a/aiiy oa aecia/eoe ?o aaeaioiee iioaioe?ae;

c’ynoaaoe iniaeeaino? eiioi?eaoeaii? i?aai?caoe?? ?a/aiue c
iai?ai?aaeeeaoeaieie ae??i?ene?aieeiaeie eiino?oeoe?yie;

aeyaeoe oi?iaeueii-naiaioe/i? (ei?aoa?aioi?) ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ?a/aiue,
oneeaaeiaieo iai?ai?aaeeeaoeaieie ae??i?ene?aieeiaeie eiino?oeoe?yie, c
?ioeie oeiaie neioaene/ieo iaeeieoeue.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe?? iieyaa? a oiio, ui
aia?oa a oe?a?inueeiio iiaiciaanoa? cae?eniaii nenoaiiee aiae?c ?a/aiue,
ye? i?noyoue iai?ai?aaeeeaoeai? ae??i?ene?aieeia? eiiieaene; aecia/aii
a?aiaoe/iee noaoon cacia/aieo neioaene/ieo iaeeieoeue c iaeyaeii ia
iniaeeaino? ?o ooieoe?iioaaiiy ia oi?iaeueii-a?aiaoe/iiio,
naiaioeei-naiaioe/iiio oa eiioi?eaoeaiiio ??aiyo; aeacaii ia aaaaonoai
ni?iiiaeiinoae ae?aco, aa??aoeai?noue o?ace, ui ? iane?aeeii ?icaeoeo
oe?a?inueei? iiae e eiioi?eaoeaii-?ioaeaeooaeueii? ae?yeueiino? iiaoe?a.

I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue. ?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
aeiiiaiyoue a?aiaoe/iee iien i?inoeo oneeaaeiaieo ?a/aiue, a/aiiy i?i
i?aaeeeaoeai?noue ? iai?ai?aaeeeaoeai?noue, a?aiaoe/io, naiaioe/io oa
eiioi?eaoeaio i?e?iaeo ?a/aiue, oneeaaeiaieo iai?ai?aaeeeaoeaieie
ae??i?ene?aieeiaeie eiiieaenaie.

Niinoa?aaeaiiy ? aeniiaee, io?eiai? a ?acoeueoao? aiae?co iiaiiai
iaoa??aeo, iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? i?e /eoaii? eaeoe?eieo eo?n?a oa
i?e iaienaii? i?ae?o/iee?a ? iin?aiee?a c neioaeneno no/anii?
oe?a?inueei? iiae.

Iaoa??aeii aiae?co iineoaeeee ?a/aiiy, oneeaaeiai? iai?ai?aaeeeaoeaieie
ae??i?ene?aieeiaeie eiino?oeoe?yie, ae?a?ai? iaoiaeii nooe?eueiiai
aeienoaaiiy ?c oaeno?a ??cieo aeai??a oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e OO
noie?ooy. Aeaea?aeueio aaco aeena?oaoe?? neeaaeathoue nenoaiaoeciaai?
aea??ee oaeoe/iiai iaoa??aeo c oai??a A.Aeiie/aiea, I.Oaeeueiaiai,
I.Ai?iiiai, A.I?aeiiaeeueiiai, A.Eaieiai, O.Inueia/ee, I.Aeiaaeaiea,
A?.Othothiieea, I.Aii/a?a, E.Einoaiei, C.Ooeoa, ?.*aiaeay, ?.A?eueaea,
I.?aanthea oa ?i. (onueiai iiiaae 5 oeny/ i?eeeaae?a).

Iaoiaeieia?y oa iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoeiaee aiae?c cae?enithaaany
ia iniia? ae?aeaeoe/iiai i?aeoiaeo aei iiae ye nenoaie, ui ia?aaoaa? a
iino?eiiio ?icaeoeo, c o?aooaaiiyi a?aeiieo iieiaeaiue i?i ca’ycie iiae
? ieneaiiy, ?aeiino? caaaeueiiai oa ie?aiiai, ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ci?noo ?
oi?ie iiaieo iaeeieoeue.

Oa?aeoa? aeine?aeaeaiiy coiiaea iaiao?aei?noue eiiieaeniiai aeei?enoaiiy
??cieo iaoiae?a: iieniaiai, no?oeoo?iiai, aeaiaio?a o?ainoi?iaoe?eiiai
oa ooieoe?iiaeueiiai aiae?co. Aeine?aeaeaiiy ?a/aiue c
iai?ai?aaeeeaoeaieie ae??i?ene?aieeiaeie eiino?oeoe?yie ye
aaaaoi??aiaaeo neioaene/ieo iiaoaeia, oe?e?nii? ooieoe?iiaeueii?
no?oeoo?e, aeaiaioe ? /anoeie yei? aca?iiiia’ycai? /?oeith nenoaiith
ca’yce?a ? a?aeiioaiue, cae?enithaaany ca aeiiiiiaith iieniaiai oa
no?oeoo?iiai iaoiae?a. I?e aiae?c? iio?aeieo iiaeaeae, iaei??th c yeeo ?
?a/aiiy c iai?ai?aaeeeaoeaieie ae??i?ene?aieeiaeie (Part II)
eiino?oeoe?yie, aeoeaii aeei?enoiaoaaeeny iaoiaee o?ainoi?iaoe?eiiai oa
ooieoe?iiaeueiiai aiae?co, ye? oiiaeeeaeee ?o ?icaeyae ia ?cieueiaaii, a
nenoaiii, o ca’yceo c? no?oeoo?aie ?ioeo oei?a ?a/aiue ?
neiainiieo/aiue.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a aecia/a?oueny oei, ui a aeena?oaoe??
cai?iiiiiaaii i?ea?iaeueio neioaene/io oai??th i?i iai?ai?aaeeeaoeai?
eiino?oeoe?? no/anii? oe?a?inueei? iiae (ia iaoa??ae? ?a/aiue,
oneeaaeiaieo ae??i?ene?aieeiaeie eiiieaenaie). On? ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiiy iaea?aeai? aeena?oaioeith naiino?eii.

O i?aoeyo, iaienaieo o ni?aaaoi?noa?, iniiaia eiioeaioe?y
iai?ai?aaeeeaoeaiino?, iie?i?iiiceoeaii? no?oeoo?e ?a/aiue, oneeaaeiaieo
ae??i?ene?aieeiaeie eiiieaenaie, iaeaaeaoue aaoi?o aeena?oaoe??.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y iaaiai?thaaeany ia can?aeaiiyo eaoaae?e
no/anii? oe?a?inueei? iiae *a?i?aaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.
TH??y Oaaeueeiae/a oa eaoaae?e oe?a?inueei? iiae I?eea?iaonueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.A.Noaoaieea. Iniiai? oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy, a oaeiae
i?aeoe/i? ?acoeueoaoe aoee aeeeaaeai? ia i?aeia?iaeieo oa
anaoe?a?inueeeo eiioa?aioe?yo: “I?iaeaie c?noaaii? naiaioeee” (Ee?a,
1997); “Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie neioaeneno” (*a?i?aoe?, 1997); “Naiaioeea
iiae ? oaenoo” (?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1996); “Aoiai?oa?ia ina?oa: oaeoi?
na?oiai? ?ioaa?aoe??” (*a?i?aoe?, 1997); “Oai?/a ?iaeea?aeoaeuei?noue ?
iiainoeeue Ieoaeea ?aanthea” (*a?i?aoe?, 1997); “Oai?/?noue Aiaaeaia
Eaieiai a eiioaeno? ?a?iiaenueei? eoeueoo?e OO noie?ooy” (Oa?iii?eue,
1998); “Oe?a?inueea iiaa ia Aoeiaei?: ?? ieioea ? no/ania” (*a?i?aoe?,
1998); “Aio?iiioeaio?e/iee i?aeo?ae o aeine?aeaeaii? iiae”
(I?aeei-A?iaeia, 1998).

Ioae?eaoe??. I?iaeaiaoeeo oa iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii
a 15 ioae?eaoe?yo caaaeueiei ianyaii 4 ae?oe. a?e. Na?aae ioae?eaoe?e 9
noaoae, ?aooa – oace aeiiia?aeae, aeaieioaieo ia i?aeia?iaeieo,
anaoe?a?inueeeo, ?aa?iiaeueieo eiioa?aioe?yo.

Ianya ? no?oeoo?a ?iaioe aecia/a?oueny caaaeaiiyi aeine?aeaeaiiy e
i?noeoue oae? no?oeoo?i? /anoeie: anooi, /ioe?e ?icae?ee, aeniiaee,
nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae, aeiaeaoee.

Ianya aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy (aac nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae
oa aeiaeaoe?a) — 178 n., iiaiee ianya ?iaioe — 200 n., nienie
aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae — 14 n.

Iniiaiee ci?no ?iaioe

O anooi? iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue oaie oa ?? iaoeiaa iiaecia,
aecia/a?oueny iaoa, caaaeaiiy ? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy, ca’ycie
aeena?oaoe?? c ?ioeie oaiaie oa i?iaeaiaie.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? aeena?oaoe?? “Eaoaai??y iai?ai?aaeeeaoeaiino? oa ??
?aae?caoe?y o ?a/aii?, oneeaaeiaiiio ae??i?ene?aieeiaei eiiieaenii”
?icaeyiooi oi?iaeueii-a?aiaoe/io aoaeiao ?a/aiue c Part
II-eiino?oeoe?yie, aeyaeaii ??ci? ??ai? no?oeoo?iiai /eaioaaiiy,
oa?aeoa? neioaene/ieo ca’yce?a oa a?aeiioaiue, c’yniaaii nooi?noue
eaoaai??? iai?ai?aaeeeaoeaiino? o ca’yceo c iiiyooyie “a?aeiiniee /an”,
“a?aeiinia iiaeaeuei?noue” oa “/anoeiaa ia?niiaeuei?noue”.

C oi?iaeueiiai aieo ooieoe?y iniiaiiai iia?aeiieaiiy a i?inoiio
oneeaaeiaiiio ?a/aii? ?aae?co?oueny aieiaieie /eaiaie ?a/aiiy,
ii?aeiaieie aeooaeueiei i?aaeeeaoeaiei ca’yceii. Oneeaaeithth/ee
iai?ai?aaeeeaoeaiee cai?io noaiiaeoue iiaeeo?eaoe?th aeaiaioa?iiai
?a/aiiy, «nei?i/aiiai», «cai?iooiai» o cai?io, neiainiieo/aiiy /e ie?aio
neiaioi?io. I?e ooai?aii? iaeeieoeue ia?a/aii?aiai c
oi?iaeueii-a?aiaoe/iiai aieo ??aiy aeieeathoue “iayaea?i?” i?aaeeeaoeai?
a?aeiioaiiy nenoaie aoi?eiii? i?aaeeeaoe?? («noyaiaii?», «iiaea?eii?»,
«cai?iooi?», «aeiaeaoeiai?», «iioaioe?eii?»). Nenoaia cania?a aoi?eiii?
i?aaeeeaoe?? caaaa/o? ?a/aiiy iiaeie i?aaeeeaoeaieie e?i?yie, ni?ey?
eiai oneeaaeiaiith oa eiiaeainaoe?? iiai? ?ioi?iaoe??.

O oeueiio ieai? aeiaeaoeiaa (iai?ai?aaeeeaoeaia, iai?ao?acia)
i?aaeeeaoe?y aecia/a?oueny ye iioaioe?eia caeaoi?noue ae?aaeaoe a
?a/aii? oie niene, ui i?noeoue eiai ie?aia /anoeia c aoi?eiiei
i?aaeeeaoii o oi?i? i?eeiaoieea, ?iaiieea, ae??i?eeiaoieea oa
ae??i?ene?aieea. Naia oiio oa?i?i «iai?ai?aaeeeaoeai?noue»
aeei?enoiao?oueny a ?aoa?iaai?e ?iaio? ye neioaene/ia eaoaai??y, ui
aecia/a?oueny ia aac? i?aaeeeaoeaiino? iniiaiiai neeaaeo ?a/aiiy ?
aeaco? ia aeiaeaoeiao (ae?oai?yaeio) i?ioeanoaeueio iciaeo i?aaeiaoa.

Iai?ai?aaeeeaoeai? ae??i?ene?aieeia? eiino?oeoe?? (eiiieaene) – oea
a?aeiinii naiino?ei?, oe?e?ni? neioaene/i? ?aeiino?, ioi?ieai? ca
iaaiith a?aiaoe/iith noaiith, a iniia? yei? ciaoiaeeoueny Part II, ?
o?nii iia’ycai? c? no?oeoo?ith iniiaiiai ?a/aiiy, ui ia? naiino?eiee
i?aaeeeaoeaiee oeaio?. Ca nai?th aoaeiaith oa ci?noii aiie
a?aeiia?aeathoue aeai/eaiiiio ?a/aiith, ine?eueee, e??i naiaioeee
aoi?eiiiai Part II-i?aaeeeaoa, caa??aathoue iciaee i?aaeeeaoe??
(aeiaeaoeiai? ca nai?i i?ecia/aiiyi) o no?oeoo?? oneeaaeiaiiai ?a/aiiy,
oaei?, ui ia? caeaaeiee oa?aeoa?. Iai?.: Iiaa/eaoe Iaeth, Aacai?iaeueei
caaioaaeeany aei iai?enoieiino? (?.A?eueaea) ( Aacai?iaeueei iiaa/ea
Iaeth + Aacai?iaeueei caaioaaeeany aei iai?enoieiino?.

No?oeoo?a ?a/aiue c iai?ai?aaeeeaoeaieie ae??i?ene?aieeiaeie
eiino?oeoe?yie ia? naith niaoeeo?eo, ui aeyaey?oueny a iayaiino? aeaio
neioaene/ieo /anoei: iniiaiiai neeaaeo ?a/aiiy, oiaoi /anoeie ?a/aiiy,
ui caeeoa?oueny iica ae/eaiiaaiith eiino?oeoe??th (o iaaaaeaiiio
i?eeeaae? – Aacai?iaeueei caaioaaeeany aei iai?enoieiino?), oa
aeiaeaoeiaiai neeaaeo ?a/aiiy – iai?ai?aaeeeaoeaii? eiino?oeoe??
(Iiaa/eaoe Iaeth). I?ae oeeie no?oeoo?ieie /anoeiaie aeieeathoue
iai?ai?aaeeeaoeai? a?aeiioaiiy, ye? aecia/athoueny ye a?ia?i?,
i?aaeiaoii-iciaeia?, ine?eueee, ii-ia?oa, iaaeeaeathoueny aei
i?aaeeeaoeaieo o oiio ieai?, ui iioaioe?eiee Part II-i?aaeeeao ae?aaea?
iciaeo iioaioe?eiiai noa’?eoa – i?aeiaoa; ii-ae?oaa, ye oae?, ui
aeieeathoue ia iniia? aeiaeaoeiai? i?aaeeeaoe??, ae?aaeaii?
ii?oieiai-neioaene/ieie caniaaie.

?a/aiiyi, oneeaaeiaiei iai?ai?aaeeeaoeaieie eiino?oeoe?yie, a?aiaoe/iei
? naiaioe/iei oeaio?ii yeeo ? ae??i?ene?aiee, i?eoaiaiia ???a?o?/ia
i?aai?caoe?y no?oeoo?iiai yae?a, a naia: ?yae neiaioi?i (iai?.,
Aacai?iaeueei caaioaaeeany) ?ai?acaioo? no?oeoo?io noaio ?a/aiiy, oiaoi
eiai yaea?io iiceoe?th; ?io? neiaioi?ie caeiathoue a?eueo-iaio aeecuee?
aei oeaio?o iiceoe??, iioe?thth/e i?aaeeeaoeaiee i?i?ioi (iai?.,
caaioaaeeany aei iai?enoieiino?); o?ao?e oei neiaioi?i (iai?., iiaa/eaoe
Iaeth) ia coiiaeth?oueny aaeaioi?noth o?i?oiiai i?aaeeeaoa ?
iia’yco?oueny c iniiaiei neeaaeii ?a/aiiy iai?ai?aaeeeaoeaiei ca’yceii,
i?e yeiio ae?aaea?oueny aeiaeaoeiaa i?aaeeeaoe?y ca aeiiiiiaith
a?aeiiniiai /ano oa iiaeaeueiino?, a oaeiae /anoeiai? ia?niiaeueiino?.
E??i oeueiai, aeine?aeaeoaai? neioaene/i? iaeeieoe? iathoue niaoe?aeueia
i?ecia/aiiy a nenoai? iiae — ae?aaeaoe ??ciiai ?iaeo a?aeiioaiiy i?ae
aeaiia neooaoe?yie: /ania?, i?e/eiia?, oe?eueia?, aeiionoia?, oiiae,
iane?aeeo oiui.

Oe?e?niee oaiii?aeueiee niene aeneiaeaiiy ia iaiaaeo?oueny oei
ooiaeaiaioaeueiei eiioeaioii, ui eiai ooai?th? neioaene/ia (a?aiaoe/ia)
oi?ia ?a/aiiy oa ?? cia/aiiy. Oeae niene aeiiiaith?oueny ca ?aooiie
ia?eoa??eieo iiaieo iieaciee?a /ano. Oae, o ?a/aii?, oneeaaeiaiiio
iai?ai?aaeeeaoeaieie ae??i?ene?aieeiaeie eiino?oeoe?yie, cia/aiiy
aaniethoiiai /ano ae?aaea? o?i?oia oi?ia a iniiaiiio neeaae? ?a/aiiy, a
ae??i?ene?aiee ae?aaea? oaiii?aeueia cia/aiiy (iaeii/ani?noue /
iine?aeiai?noue / ianooii?noue) ia aei iiiaioo iiaeaiiy, a a noinoieo
aei ae?? Vf-i?enoaeea. Iai?.: Iii?oeaoe caeaeaea Ei?aea, a?i i?ea?aa
ai?aeiaeoi iaaeaaeiai aeaeyaeo (C.Ooeoa); Ia?oa iaeaa?ioeany ? aeeoea,
caieioaoe c neeith aeaa?? (A.Eaieee).

Ioaea, a?aeiiniee /an iai?ai?aaeeeaoeaii? eiino?oeoe?? aeyaey?oueny a
eiioaeno? ? noaiiaeoue ie?aio iiaio eaoaai??th. Ni?aa?aeianai?noue ca
/anii aeaio ae?e – ae??ne?aii? oa ae??i?ene?aieeiai? – ciaoiaeeoue
ae?aaeaiiy ca aeiiiiiaith ??cieo ii?oieia?/ieo eaoaai??e (aeae),
neioaene/ieo (ii?yaeie ne?a) ? eaene/ieo cania?a, coiiaeth?oueny
naiaioeeith ae??neiaa-i?enoaeea oa ae??i?ene?aieea, a oaeiae caeaaeieo
a?ae iueiai ne?a, ui ooai?ththoue i?i?iaeueiee eiioaeno.

Eeaneo?eaoe?y iiaeaeueieo cia/aiue ?a/aiue, oneeaaeiaieo
ae??i?ene?aieeiaeie eiino?oeoe?yie, noa? iiaeeeaith i?e aeae?eaii?
?iaa??aioiiai iiaeaeueiiai cia/aiiy (?aaeuei?noue / ???aaeuei?noue), ui
oi?io? iniiaio i?aaeeeaoeaio iciaeo ?a/aiiy, oa aeiaeaoeiaiai
iiaeaeueiiai ieaio iai?ai?aaeeeaoeaii? eiino?oeoe??, ui aa?a o/anoue o
oai?aii? aoi?eiii? i?aaeeeaoe??. Ioaea, a?aeiinia iiaeaeuei?noue
aeyaey?oueny a oiio, ui ae??i?ene?aiee ae?aaea? aeiaeaoeia? iiaeaeuei?
cia/aiiy, ye? ?ai?acaioothoueny o ni?aa?aeiioaiiyo c iiaeaeueiei ieaiii
iniiaiiai neeaaeo ?a/aiiy oa iathoue caeaaeiee oa?aeoa?. Ia oi?ioaaiiy
iiaeaeueieo ni?aa?aeiioaiue i?ae iniiaiei ? aoi?eiiei i?aaeeeaoii o
no?oeoo?? ?a/aiiy aieeaathoue oae? oaeoi?e: 1)iiaeaeuei?noue i?enoaeea;
2) caaaeuei? a?aeiiino? /eai?a eiioi?eaoe?? i?i neooaoe?th, yea
iicia/a?oueny ae??i?ene?aieeiaei eiiieaenii.

Cia/aiiy /anoeiai? ia?niiaeueiino? iai?ai?aaeeeaoeaii?
ae??i?ene?aieeiai? eiino?oeoe?? ae?aaea?oueny ia a?aiaoe/ii, a eaeneei-
naiaioe/ieie caniaaie a eiioaeno?. Aeey ae??i?ene?aieea
iaaeeoa?aioe?eiaaia cia/aiiy iniae ooi/ith?oueny a oneeaaeiaiiio ?a/aii?
/a?ac ca’ycie ?c i?enoaeeiaei neiaii, ye-io: Iaeyaioaoe oooei oa?noyiiai
ieaoea c iieueiaeie /?/eaie-ea?oeaie iiaa?o a?ei?, aeoeaaii? ia
i?aeiie?//? ? cai’ynieeao ni?i/ee, Ia??eea c?a?aeany a aei?iao
(?.*aiaeae) (oiaoi: iaeyaioeany ? c?a?aeany Ia??eea).

C oi?iaeueii-a?aiaoe/iiai aieo ?a/aiiy, ui i?noyoue iai?ai?aaeeeaoeai?
Part II-eiiieaene, ? i?inoeie, ae??ne?aiiai oeio, ine?eueee caa??aathoue
no?oeoo?io noaio iniiaiiai neeaaeo ?a/aiiy, aei yei? aeiaea?oueny
“cai?iooa” ?a/aiiy o oi?i? ae??i?ene?aieeiai? eiino?oeoe??. Noaia N1-
Vf, Part II iiaea iaoe aeae?eueea aa??aio?a caeaaeii a?ae i?i?iaeueii?
no?oeoo?ii? noaie iniiaiiai ?a/aiiy. Oneeaaeiaiei neioaene/iei
iaeeieoeyi i?eoaiaiia aieiaia iciaea i?inoiai ?a/aiiy – naiino?eia
iiiii?aaeeeaoeai?noue, yea ae?aaea?oueny iacaeaaeii a?ae aoaeue-yeeo
?ioeo a?aeiioaiue i?ae neiaaie, oa iai?ai?aaeeeaoeai?noue
ae??i?ene?aieea, ui caaaeaee caeaaeia ? ia ni?eeia?oueny iica iniiaiith
e?i??th ?a/aiiy.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “Naiaioeei-neioaene/ia no?oeoo?a ?a/aiue,
oneeaaeiaieo ae??i?ene?aieeiaeie eiino?oeoe?yie” cae?eniaii
eeaneo?eaoe?th Part II-i?aaeeeao?a ia iniia? ?o naiaioeei-neioaene/ieo
?ic??cithaaeueieo iciae ? ooieoe?iiaeueieo iniaeeainoae ye aoi?eiieo
neioaenai; aeeoa?aioe?eiaaii aaeaioii-iia’ycai? ? aaeaioii-iaiia’ycai?
eiiiiiaioe eiino?oeoe??; ie?aneaii noeoii?noue i?aaia?/ieo ? e?aia?/ieo
noanoaioe?aeueieo neioaenai, coiiaeaieo naiaioeei-neioaene/iith
aaeaioi?noth ae??i?ene?aieea.

Oa?aeoa?iith ?enith iiaii? nenoaie, ye a?aeiii, ? aneiao??y iiaiiai
ciaea, yea aeyaey?oueny a oiio, ui a i?e ia ?nio? iiaii? a?aeiia?aeiino?
i?ae ieaiii ci?noo oa ieaiii ae?aaeaiiy, i?ae ci?noii ? oi?iith iiaieo
iaeeieoeue. Ine?eueee ?a/aiiy ? iiaiei ciaeii neooaoe??, oi ia
neioaene/iiio ??ai? aneiao??y ia? na?e niaoeeo?/iee aeya. ?a/aiiy c
iai?ai?aaeeeaoeaieie ae??i?ene?aieeiaeie eiino?oeoe?yie ca oi?iith
aaaaeathoueny i?inoeie, a c oi/ee ci?o ci?noo noaiiaeyoue ciaee
aeae?eueeio neooaoe?e, oiaoi ? naiaioe/ii neeaaeieie (iaaeaiaioa?ieie).
Ioaea, c oi/ee ci?o ia’?eoeaiiai ci?noo a oneeaaeiaiiio ?a/aii? ? ua
iaeia aeiaeaoeiaa iii?iaoe?y ?aaeueii? ae?eniino?, yea ae?aaea?oueny
ae??i?ene?aieeii oa caeaaeieie a?ae iueiai neiaaie, a oaeiae
naiaioeei-neioaene/i? a?aeiioaiiy, ui anoaiiaeththoueny i?ae iniiaiith
oa aeiaeaoeiaith iii?iaoe?yie.

O naiaioe/i?e no?oeoo?? cacia/aieo ?a/aii?aeo iiaoaeia ooieoe?iiothoue
aeaa i?aaeeeaoe – o?i?oiee oa ia?oeoeeiiee. O oeueiio ieai? ?a/aiiy,
oneeaaeiai? iai?ai?aaeeeaoeaieie Part II-eiino?oeoe?yie, ne?ae
eaae?o?eoaaoe ye iie?i?aaeeeaoi?.

Aoi?eiiee ae??i?ene?aieeiaee i?aaeeeao caeia? oeaio?aeueia i?noea o
naiaioe/i?e aoaeia? iai?ai?aaeeeaoeaii? eiino?oeoe??, aecia/ath/e
naiaioeei-neioaene/io iiaeaeue iiaeeo?eiaaiiai aeaiaioa?iiai ?a/aiiy. O
?acoeueoao? o?ainoi?iaoe?eieo i?ioean?a no?oeoo?e ?a/aiiy o
iai?ai?aaeeeaoeaio eiino?oeoe?th, ae??i?ene?aiee caa??aa? aeo?aei? aeey
ae??neiaa aaeaioi? aeanoeaino?, oiaoi «naiaioe/ii aecia/ai? aaeaioi?
ai?caea i?aaeeeaoa» caiiaiththoueny a?aeiia?aeieie a?aei?ieiaeie
oi?iaie, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoueny niaoe?ae?ciaai?noth aeeiioaaieo
ooieoe?e. Cie?aia, aoi?eii? Part II-i?aaeeeaoe (ae?? aai noaio) iiaeooue
a?aee?eaaoe iiceoe?? ia’?eoa ia?oeoeeiii? ae??, aae?anaoa, cia?yaeaey,
eieaoeaa, ye-io: Iiaeaeenue aiie iai?, iaieiath/e noi?iaeo (I.Ai?iiee);
Aeaiiino?oth/e ee??ioo aeia?ioi?noue iaia?o, a?i i?ioan?eiei ?ooii
i?ia?a aaeeeei ? aeac?aiei iaeueoeyie acaeiaae e?ath o?ao?ii? ea?oee
(?.A?eueaea); N?/iaeee oaea?eee a aaaiaoe, ioae ai?oath/e ?oeaie aea?
(TH.Eeai); A?i i?/iai ia a?aeiia?a ? i?oia ia no?ae, iana?aeiii
i?yioth/e ia eoee (I.Oaeeueiaee).

Aiae?c oaeoe/iiai iaoa??aeo iieacaa, ui ae??i?ene?aieee o eiioaeno?
?a/aiiy iaia’yceiai ?aae?cothoue noa’?eoio aaeaioi?noue, oiaoi c
naiaioe/iiai aieo ?o iiaeia aaaaeaoe noa’?eoieie oi?iaie. Oeiiaei
cia/aiiyi aeey ae??i?ene?aieea ? cia/aiiy iaeiinoa’?eoiino?, ui
oi?io?oueny a ?a/aiiyo, o yeeo aeaiioao i?aeiaoa ? aiaeii/an naiaioe/iei
noa’?eoii ae??i?ene?aieeiai? ae??. O oeueiio aeiaaeeo niinoa??aa?oueny
nieneiaa ni?aa?aeianai?noue i?ae iniiaiith oa ae??i?ene?aieeiaith
ae??th, c iaeiiai aieo, oa ni?eueiei noa’?eoii o oi?iaeueii-a?aiaoe/i?e
iiceoe?? i?aeiaoa, c ?ioiai, iai?.: Ia?aaeeaath/e yeeenue iac?icoi?eee
no?ao, aiaeii/an y i?/iai ia i?a ?c niaith aae?yoe (I.Eaca?oe); ? a?ice,
i?ie?oath/e iaae i?noii, iea/ooue (I.Oe/eia).

Cia/aiiy naiaioe/ii? iie?noa’?eoiino? ae?aaeathoue ae??i?ene?aieee c
anioe?aoeaiith naiaioeeith, iai?.: N??aiith ??/eith iio?e iaaii
*oiaoeueeee Oeyo, iaaaaeoth/e aea? i?ioiee, ia/a Aei?i?i-Neaaooa
(C.Ooeoa). O iiae?aieo ?a/aiiyo iai?ai?aaeeeaoeaia ae??i?ene?aieeiaa
eiino?oeoe?y a?aeiia?aea? noaoono aaoi?eciaaii?, ine?eueee o ?a/aiiy,
yea i?noeoue ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i ia’?eoeaio ae?eni?noue, aaiaeeoueny
ae?oaee no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/iee ieai, ui aeaco? ia oa?aeoa? eiai
ni?eeiyooy noa’?eoii-aaoi?ii. Aeanoea?noue aaoi?ecaoe?? (iaaiiai ii/oooy
/e anioe?aoe??) ia?aaea?oueny a?ae noa’?eoa naiiio i?aaeiaoo. Noa’?eo
ae??, yeo ae?aaeathoue ae??i?ene?aieee c aaoi?eciaaiith naiaioeeith,
caeia? oi?iaeueii-a?aiaoe/io iiceoe?th i?aeiaoa, oneeaaeiaiiai
i?aaeeeaoeaiith iciaeith, a oea na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui iiae?ai?
ae??i?ene?aieee ia iiaeooue iaoe neioaene/iiai a?aeiioaiiy aei noa’?eoa
iniiaiiai neeaaeo ?a/aiiy, oiio ui i?ae ieie iaia? nieneiaiai ca’yceo.
Cia/aiiy naiaioe/ii? iie?noa’?eoiino? oi?io?oueny a ?a/aii? c
iai?ai?aaeeeaoeaiith aaoi?eciaaiith eiino?oeoe??th: iiceoe?y
aaoi?ecoth/iai noa’?eoa aeeth/a? a ?a/aiiy ua iaeei noa’?eoiee ieai –
neooaoe?th aaoi?ecaoe??.

O naiaioe/iiio ieai? ?a/aiiy c iai?ai?aaeeeaoeaieie ae??i?ene?aieeiaeie
eiiieaenaie ne?ae eaae?o?eoaaoe ye neeaaei? oiio, ui aiie i?noyoue ye
i?i?ioi o?e i?iiiceoe??. Iai?eeeaae, o ?a/aii? «Iiaa/eaoe Iaeth,
Aacai?iaeueei caaioaaeeany aei iai?enoieiino?» (?.A?eueaea) ia?o?e –
iniiai?e – i?iiiceoe?? (Aacai?iaeueei caaioaaeeany aei iai?enoieiino?)
i?eoaiaiia aieiaia iciaea ?a/aiiy – i?aaeeeaoeai?noue oa aeanoea?noue
aeooae?caoe?? ci?noo aeneiaeaiiy. ?ioa i?iiiceoe?y (Iiaa/eaoe Iaeth)
?ai?acaioiaaia a «cai?iooiio» aeaeyae? oa noaiiaeoue niaith
iiaeeo?eiaaia aeaiaioa?ia ?a/aiiy. Iath/e caeaaeiee a?ae iniiaii?
i?iiiceoe?? oa?aeoa?, ia?a/aii?aa i?iiiceoe?y ni?ey? oi?ioaaiith
neeaaeiiai ci?noo, ia aeaeici?ithth/e no?oeoo?iiai oeio ?a/aiiy. O?aoth
i?iiiceoe?th oi?io? ?iie?oeeoii ae?aaeaiee iaaeeoa?aioe?eiaaiee ca’ycie,
ui aecia/a? oa?aeoa? naiaioe/ieo a?aeiioaiue i?ae iniiaiith oa
ia?a/aii?aith i?iiiceoe?yie, ia?aaeath/e ??ciiiai?oi?
naiaioeei-neioaene/i? a?aeiioaiiy (/ania?, i?e/eiia? oiui), ii?.: Eiee
Aacai?iaeueei iiaa/ea Iaeth, oi a?i caaioaaeeany aei iai?enoieiino?;
Aacai?iaeueei caaioaaeeany aei iai?enoieiino?, oiio ui iiaa/ea Iaeth.

Naiaioe/ia oneeaaeiaiiy i?inoiai ?a/aiiy aeieea? a ?acoeueoao?
eiia?iaoe?? ci?noo aaciaiai aeaiaioa?iiai ?a/aiiy oa iiaeeo?eiaaiiai
aeaiaioa?iiai ?a/aiiy o oi?i? iai?ai?aaeeeaoeaii? eiino?oeoe??, i?ae
yeeie anoaiiaeththoueny iai?aaeeeaoeai? naiaioeei-neioaene/i?
a?aeiioaiiy.

O a?aiaoe/i?e nenoai? no/anii? oe?a?inueei? iiae oeaio? noaiiaeyoue o?e-
oa aeaii?ni? iiaeae? iiaeeo?eiaaieo aeaiaioa?ieo ?a/aiue c aoi?eiiei
Part II-i?aaeeeaoii, a iaiioe?aiith ? iiaeaeue iiaeeo?eiaaieo
aeaiaioa?ieo ?a/aiue ?c oanoe-, i’yoe- oa /ioe?ei?niei Part
II-i?aaeeeaoii. O oe?eiio iiceoe?th iai?ai?aaeeeaoeaii?
ae??i?ene?aieeiai? eiino?oeoe?? coiiaeth? neioaene/ia ia?eoa??ei?noue,
ui aeyaey?oueny o iaiiaeeeaino? oi?ioaaiiy no?oeoo?ii? iniiae ?a/aiiy.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? «Eiioi?eaoeaia i?aai?caoe?y i?inoiai ?a/aiiy,
oneeaaeiaiiai ae??i?ene?aieeiaith eiino?oeoe??th» c’yniaaii iniaeeaino?
aeooaeueiiai /eaioaaiiy oa ?aae?caoe?? eiioi?eaoeaieo caaaeaiue o
?a/aiiyo c iai?ai?aaeeeaoeaieie ae??i?ene?aieeiaeie eiino?oeoe?yie. Aeey
aeinyaiaiiy oe??? iaoe aoei canoiniaaii o?e iniiaieo e?eoa???
eiioi?eaoeaii-ooieoe?iiaeueiiai aiae?co — eiioaenoiee, neioaene/iee,
naiaioeei-i?aaiaoe/iee.

Iiaiee aiae?c ? iien neioaene/ii? iiceoe??, a ye?e ?aae?co?oueny
ae??i?ene?aiee, eiai naiaioeea oa ooieoe??, ia?aaeaa/a? aca?iiae?th
aeaio aeae?a eiioaeno?a: ciai?oiueiai (naiaioe/iee oei Vf-i?aaeeeaoa
aeey noa’?eoii-ia’?eoieo a?aeiioaiue a iniiaiiio neeaae? ?a/aiiy) ?
aioo??oiueiai (eaeneei-naiaioe/i? oa a?aiaoe/i? aeanoeaino? aoi?eiiiai
Part II-i?aaeeeaoa oa i?aeii?yaeeiaaiiai eiio ioi/aiiy). A?aeie?aieai?
iai?ai?aaeeeaoeai? eiino?oeoe?? ooieoe?iiothoue: 1) ye iiaa
iia?aeiieaiiy, ui oa?aeoa?eco?oueny iaeiaeiaith ci?noiaith aaaith ii?yae
?c iniiaiei neeaaeii ?a/aiiy; 2) ye aeiaeaoeiaa iia?aeiieaiiy,
ae?oai?yaeia ca nai?i cia/aiiyi uiaei iniiaiiai.

Aiae?c ?a/aiue c iai?ai?aaeeeaoeaieie Part II-eiino?oeoe?yie c
o?aooaaiiyi neioaene/ieo e?eoa???a cana?ae/ea, ui aiie aeyaeythoue
oeiia? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy c aeooaeueiei /eaioaaiiyi i?inoiai ?a/aiiy. O
i?a- oa ?ioa?iiceoe?? iai?ai?aaeeeaoeaia Part II-eiino?oeoe?y ae?aaea?
a?aeiio ?ioi?iaoe?th, oiaoi noaiiaeoue oaio aeneiaeaiiy (aai aoiaeeoue
aei neeaaeo eiiieaenii? oaie ?acii ?c i?aeiaoii iniiaiiai neeaaeo
?a/aiiy). O oeueiio aeiaaeeo iai?ai?aaeeeaoeaia eiino?oeoe?y aeyaey?
naith caeaaei?noue uiaei i?aaeeeaoeaiiai oeaio?o e ae?aaea? aeiaeaoeiaa
iia?aeiieaiiy, ui noai?th? oii aeey ?icai?oaiiy iniiaiiai ci?noo.

I?e eiioaeoi?e iinoiiceoe?? uiaei i?enoaeea ae??i?ene?aieeiaee cai?io
aoiaeeoue aei neeaaeo eiiieaenii? ?aie, a i?e ia?oeaeyoe?? noaiiaeoue
naiino?eio ?aio. E??i ii?yaeeo ne?a oa ?ioiiaoe??, a oeeo aeiaaeeao
aeiiiiaaathoue ae?aceoe aeooaeueia /eaioaaiiy /anoee aea, oi, o?eueee,
eeoa (eeo), iaa?oue, naia.

Ine?eueee a ?a/aiiyo, ui i?noyoue iai?ai?aaeeeaoeai? ae??i?ene?aieeia?
eiino?oeoe??, oaia ? ?aia ia?aaaaeii aoaathoue eiiieaenieie, aiie
iathoue aeaa ??ai? aeooaeueiiai /eaioaaiiy. Ia ia?oiio ??ai? aeyaey?ii
i?aaeeeaoeai? a?aeiioaiiy i?ae eiiiiiaioaie i?aaeeeaoeaiiai oeaio?o, ui
oi?iothoue iniiaia aeneiaeaiiy. Aoi?eiia i?aaeeeaoe?y aeyaey?oueny ia
ae?oaiio ??ai? aeooaeueiiai /eaioaaiiy, eiee a
eiioi?eaoeaii-neioaene/iiio ieai? aiae?co?oueny ia ana ?a/aiiy, a eeoa
eiai aeaiaio.

Aeoiaey/e c iiceoe??, ui ?a/aiiy a eiioi?eaoeaiiio ieai? ? aeneiaeaiiyi,
iniaeea?noue yeiai – i???ioaoe?y ia o/aniee?a iiaeaiiy, iaie aoei
canoiniaaii ? naiaioeei-i?aaiaoe/i? e?eoa???, ca aeiiiiiaith yeeo
anoaiiaeaii, ui o ooieoe?iiaeueiiio aniaeo? oaiiiai a?aeie?aieaiiy,
aeae?eaiiy iai?ai?aaeeeaoeaii? ae??i?ene?aieeiai? eiino?oeoe?? na?aeiii
aeei?enoiao?oueny iiaoeai aeey ?ica’ycaiiy eiiieaeno caaaeaiue:
ooi/iaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i i?aaeiao, aeoea?caoe?? iaaieo oiiiaeo ciaiue,
aiioe?eii-aeni?aneaiiai caaa?aeaiiy ?a/aiiy, aeooae?caoe?? aaaeeeaeo
oa?aeoa?enoee ae?? /e noaio.

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? «Ei?aoa?aioi? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ?a/aiue,
oneeaaeiaieo iai?ai?aaeeeaoeaieie ae??i?ene?aieeiaeie eiino?oeoe?yie»
aena?oeaii oa?aeoa? oi?iaeueii-naiaioe/ieo ni?aa?aeiioaiue ?a/aiue,
oneeaaeiaieo Part II-eiiieaenaie, c ?ioeie oeiaie ?a/aiue, ie?aneaii ?o
i?noea o neioaene/i?e nenoai? oe?a?inueei? iiae.

I?i ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ?a/aiue c ae??i?ene?aieeiaeie cai?ioaie oa
neeaaeiii?ae?yaeieo ?a/aiue ??cieo oei?a eaeaoueny a aaaaoueio oe?eueieo
oa aoc?anueeeo i?ae?o/ieeao ?c neioaeneno. Ni?aa?aeiini? ?a/aiiy
o?aeoothoueny ye neioaene/i? neiii?ie ia iniia? ?o aca?iicai?iiino?.
I?ioa oai?aoe/iiio inieneaiith oi?iaeueii-naiaioe/ii? ni?aa?aeianaiino?
cacia/aieo neioaene/ieo iaeeieoeue i?eae?eaii iaaeinoaoiuei oaaae. I?e
aeine?aeaeaii? oeueiai aniaeoo ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?a/aiue c
iai?ai?aaeeeaoeaieie ae??i?ene?aieeiaeie eiiieaenaie a aeena?oaoe?? aoei
aeei?enoaii i?ea?iaeueio oai??th ei?aoa?aioiino?, iaoiaeeeo aiae?co oa
e?eoa??? oi?iaeueii-naiaioe/ii? ni?aa?aeianaiino? neioaene/ieo
iaeeieoeue, cai?iiiiiaai? i?io. I.A.Aoeaaithe.

O ieai? oi?iaeueii-naiaioe/ieo ni?aa?aeiioaiue ?a/aiiy, oneeaaeiai?
iai?ai?aaeeeaoeaieie eiino?oeoe?yie, aeoeaii aca?iiae?thoue ?c
i?ae?yaeieie /anoeiaie neeaaeieo ?a/aiue ?ic/eaiiaaiiai oa
ia?ic/eaiiaaiiai oeio. I?e oeueiio ae??i?ene?aieeia? eiiieaene
iaaoaathoue ianoaaeiieo /e icia/aeueieo (??aeei) a?aeo?ie?a o cia/aii?,
ia ia?aoai?thth/enue ia a?aeie?aieai? ae?oai?yaei? /eaie, ye aaaaeaee
?ai?oa, a caa??aath/e iaaio aaoiiiii?noue o oi?iaeueii-a?aiaoe/i?e
no?oeoo?? i?inoiai ?a/aiiy.

Oaeoe/iee iaoa??ae aeaa ciiao c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i oa, ui ?a/aiiy c
iai?ai?aaeeeaoeaieie ae??i?ene?aieeiaeie eiino?oeoe?yie ia?aaoaathoue o
ei?aoa?aioieo ni?aa?aeiioaiiyo, ii-ia?oa, c? neeaaeiii?ae?yaeieie
?a/aiiyie i?enoanoaioeaii-icia/aeueiiai oeio, iai?.: Niioea,
coieieaoenue o cai?o?, iaeeoue caieth aiaiyieie i?ii?iiyie
(I.Oaeeueiaee) // Niioea, ui coieieeinue o cai?o?, iaeeoue caieth
aiaiyieie i?ii?iiyie; ii-ae?oaa, c? neeaaeiii?ae?yaeieie ?a/aiiyie
aeaoa?i?iaioiiai oeio: 1) /ano: Aoioee eicaee, ii/oaoe oaeo no?ao?oio
a?noue, ? ?oee iionoeee (A.Eaieee) // Aoioee eicaee, eiee ii/oee oaeo
no?ao?oio a?noue, ? ?oee iionoeee; 2) i?e/eie: Aeia?a ciath/e aaoa
iaiaaia noaiiaeua, y ni?oo ?c nai?i niooiei eenoii (I.Oaeeueiaee) // ss
ni?oo ?c nai?i niooiei eenoii, ai aeia?a ciath aaoa iaiaaia noaiiaeua;
3) iaoe: A?i cai?inea iaia aei oaoe, aaaeath/e iiaiai?eoe iaiaeeioe?
(A.Aeiie/aiei) // A?i cai?inea iaia aei oaoe, uia iiaiai?eoe iaiaeeioe?;
4) oiiae: Ia ?icao?oaaoe nanoa?, a?i ia oa?eaea o naith iaeaoo
(I.Oaeeueiaee) // sseui a?i ia ?icao?oa? nanoa?, oi ia oa?eaea o naith
iaeaoo; 5)iane?aeeo: ? ?icaeeanue ia aiaeyio aeaaeeio, i?aiao?? Ea?oe…
ia a?ecee ?iciaeanue, aiaeyio aeaaeeio ooiii ae?eaoe (I.Ei?ieaaa) // ?
?icaeeanue ia aiaeyio aeaaeeio, i?aiao?? Ea?oe… ia a?ecee ?iciaeanue,
oae ui ae?eea aiaeyio aeaaeeio ooiii; 6) aeiionoo: Aei A?aeiy O?eueei
ana ae ae?oaa, iath/e a eeoai? anueiai-ia-anueiai aea?no? aeiea??a
(?.A?eueaea) // Aei A?aeiy O?eueei ana ae ae?oaa, oi/ iaa o eeoai?
anueiai-ia-anueiai aea?no? aeiea??a; ii-o?ao?, c? neeaaeiii?ae?yaeieie
?a/aiiyie ?ic/eaiiaaii? no?oeoo?e c ei?aeyoeaiei ca’yceii, iai?.: Neaee
iio ? eeoaeiee caenaa c a?eie, ye aiaia, iaaeath/e aea?aaai noa?aciiai
aeaeyaeo (C.Ooeoa) // Neaee iio ? eeoaeiee caenaa c a?eie, ye aiaia, ui
iaaeaaaei aea?aaai noa?aciiai aeaeyaeo. Aei ?a/?, o?ao?e oei
oi?iaeueii-naiaioe/ieo a?aeiioaiue aein? ia aoa i?aaeiaoii oaaae
neioaeneno?a.

Oe? ei?aoa?aioi? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy, iia’ycai? c? ci?iith neioaene/ii?
i?e?iaee iiaieo iaeeieoeue (i?inoeo oneeaaeiaieo ? neeaaeieo ?a/aiue),
iaeaaeaoue aei iaoaoaene/ieo. Aiie iniiaai? ia ni?eueiino?
?aoa?aioe?eiiai ci?noo ni?aa?aeiinieo aeneiaeaiue, ia naiaioe/i?e
aeecueeino? i?iiiceoe?eii? aoaeiae ? ?ic??ciythoueny naiaioe/ieie
a?aeo?ieaie, coiiaeaieie no?oeoo?ieie a?aei?iiinoyie oa ??cieie
iiiian?ieia?/ieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie ae??ne?aieo oi?i (Vf oa Part II).

E??i ni?aa?aeiioaiue ?c i?ae?yaeieie /anoeiaie neeaaeieo ?a/aiue,
iai?ai?aaeeeaoeai? ae??i?ene?aieeia? eiino?oeoe?? iiaeooue aeyaeyoe
ei?aeyoe?th c /eaiaie i?inoiai ?a/aiiy (c o?i?oiei i?enoaeeii;
ianoaaeiieie iioe?thaa/aie, ae?aaeaieie i?ene?aieeaie aai a?aei?ieiaeie
oi?iaie; c /eaiaie ?a/aiiy, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoueny iiaea?eiei
neioaene/iei ca’yceii, – aeoieaeneaaie). Iai?.: Oaoae i?oia iiiaeo aei
noaioe?? ?, n?aoe a e?iiao? a?ey eane, noaa /aeaoe (TH.ssiianueeee) //
Oaoae i?oia iiiaeo aei noaioe??, n?a o e?iiao? a?ey eane ? noaa /aeaoe;
Ia aath/enue, aeiaoea aiia c? ne?ei? uiiaeoiioo ni?i/eo (A.Eaieee) //
Iaaaeii aeiaoea aiia c? ne?ei? uiiaeoiioo ni?i/eo; TH?aa, ca?aa?aoe, a
iea/o e cieeao, eeioeanue aei i?i?iea (A.I?aeiiaeeueiee) // TH?aa, ?c
?aaii, a iea/o e cieeao, eeioeanue aei i?i?iea; Iiy eiyaeia! Oe eaeao
aie?aoe, i?aeiyaoe aai?o noiieaia eeoea (E.Einoaiei) // Iiy eiyaeia! Oe
eaeao aie?aoe c i?aeiyoei aai?o noiieaiei eeoeai.

Ni?aa?aeiinia aaeeaaiiy ae??i?ene?aiee?a oa ?ioeo /anoei iiae
(i?ene?aiee?a, ?iaiiee?a) o o?e nai?e neioaene/i?e iiceoe?? iiaeia
aaaaeaoe o?ainiiceoe?eiei ei?aoa?aioiei ni?aa?aeiioaiiyi.
Ei?aoa?aioi?noue ae??i?ene?aieeiaeo oi?i c i?ene?aieeaie,
ae??i?eeiaoieeaie oa ?iaiieeaie a iaaeao i?inoiai ?a/aiiy, iia’ycaia c?
ci?iith iiceoe?eii? no?oeoo?e ?a/aiiy, o?aeoo?oueny ye ?ioa?aa?neaia
oi?iaeueii-naiaioe/ia ni?aa?aeianai?noue.

Oaeei /eiii, ia iaaiiio neio?iiiiio c??c? cana?ae/o?oueny ni?a?nioaaiiy
a iia? aaaaoueio ia?aeaeueieo (ei?aoa?aioieo) cania?a, ye? ii-??ciiio
iiaeaeththoue iiae?th /e neooaoe?th ae?eniino?. Neioaene/ia i?e?iaea
oi?iaeueii-naiaioe/ieo ni?aa?aeiioaiue iia’ycaia ye ?c nooi
e?iaaaeueieie iniaeeainoyie iiaieo ciae?a, oae ? c iicaiiaieie
oaeoi?aie, cie?aia c eiioi?eaoeaii-i?aaiaoe/ieie ?ioaioe?yie iiaoey –
aaoi?a eiie?aoiiai aeneiaeaiiy, ui a?aeoai?th? neooaoe?th ae?eniino?
/a?ac i?ecio naiai aeaniiai ?ioaeaeooaeueiiai ni?eeiaiiy. Aaeeaaiiy
iai?ai?aaeeeaoeaieo ae??i?ene?aieeiaeo eiino?oeoe?e o no?oeoo?? ?a/aiiy
i?aeo?eio?oueny ianaiia?aae i?aaiaiiyi iin??a iiae aei noee?noe/iiai
o??ciiiai?oiaiiy iiaieo cania?a, iiynith?oueny aino?ith iio?aaith noenei
aeneiaeoe o iaeiio eiioaeno? aeoieo, iaeneiaeueii iaaaioaaeeoe
eiino?oeoe?th a?aeiia?aeiei nieneii, iaaeaoe ??ciiiai?oiino? oa
aiioe?eiino? aeneiaeaiith.

O aeniiaeao ocaaaeueiththoueny iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy, ui
noinothoueny iiiyooy iai?ai?aaeeeaoeaiino? ? a?aiaoe/iiai noaoono
?a/aiue c iai?ai?aaeeeaoeaieie ae??i?ene?aieeiaeie cai?ioaie.

Aeniiaee

Iai?ai?aaeeeaoeai? eiino?oeoe?? caaaa/othoue no?oeoo?o i?inoiai ?a/aiiy
iiaeie i?aaeeeaoeaieie e?i?yie, ni?eythoue eiai oneeaaeiaiith ?
eiiaeainaoe?? iiai? ?ioi?iaoe??, aeae?eyth/e oa i?aee?anethth/e
eiioi?eaoeaii aaaeeeao iciaeo.

C oi?iaeueii-a?aiaoe/iiai aieo ?a/aiiy, ui i?noyoue iai?ai?aaeeeaoeai?
ae??i?ene?aieeia? eiino?oeoe??, ? i?inoeie, ine?eueee caa??aathoue
no?oeoo?io noaio iniiaiiai neeaaeo ?a/aiiy, aei yei? aeiaea?oueny
«cai?iooa» ?a/aiiy o oi?i? ae??i?ene?aieeiai? eiino?oeoe??. Oneeaaeiaiei
neioaene/iei iaeeieoeyi i?eoaiaiia aieiaia iciaea i?inoiai ?a/aiiy –
naiino?eia iiiii?aaeeeaoeai?noue, ui ae?aaea?oueny iacaeaaeii a?ae
aoaeue-yeeo ?ioeo a?aeiioaiue i?ae neiaaie, oiae? ye
iai?ai?aaeeeaoeai?noue ae??i?ene?aieea caaaeaee caeaaeia ? ia
ni?eeia?oueny iica iniiaiith e?i??th ?a/aiiy.

?a/aiiy, oneeaaeiai? iai?ai?aaeeeaoeaieie ae??i?ene?aieeiaeie
eiiieaenaie, ? naiaioe/ii neeaaeieie, iie?i?aaeeeaoieie,
iie?i?iiiceoeaieie. Naiaioe/ia oneeaaeiaiiy i?inoiai ?a/aiiy aeieea? a
?acoeueoao? eiia?iaoe?? aaciaiai aeaiaioa?iiai ?a/aiiy oa
iiaeeo?eiaaiiai aeaiaioa?iiai ?a/aiiy o oi?i? iai?ai?aaeeeaoeaii? Part
II-eiino?oeoe??, i?ae yeeie anoaiiaeththoueny iaaeeoa?aioe?eiaai?
naiaioeei-neioaene/i? a?aeiioaiiy iai?aaeeeaoeaiiai oeio.

?aii-oaiaoe/ia /eaioaaiiy ?a/aiue c iai?ai?aaeeeaoeaieie Part
II-eiino?oeoe?yie aeyaey? oeiiaa ni?aa?aeiioaiiy c aeooaeueiei
/eaioaaiiyi i?inoiai ?a/aiiy. O i?aiiceoe?? aei iniiaiiai neeaaeo
?a/aiiy oa a ?ioa?iiceoe?? iai?ai?aaeeeaoeaia eiino?oeoe?y noaiiaeoue
oaio aeneiaeaiiy aai aoiaeeoue aei neeaaeo eiiieaenii? oaie ?acii c
i?aeiaoii; i?e eiioaeoi?e iinoiiceoe?? iai?ai?aaeeeaoeaiee cai?io
aoiaeeoue aei neeaaeo eiiieaenii? ?aie. Naia oiio a?aeie?aieai?
iai?ai?aaeeeaoeai? eiino?oeoe?? aenooiathoue ye iiaa iia?aeiieaiiy, ui
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny iaeiaeiaith ci?noiaith aaaith ii?yae ?c iniiaiei
neeaaeii ?a/aiiy, aai ye aeiaeaoeiaa iia?aeiieaiiy, ae?oai?yaeia ca
nai?i cia/aiiyi ii a?aeiioaiith aei iniiaiiai.

O ieai? oi?iaeueii-naiaioe/ieo (ei?aoa?aioieo) ni?aa?aeiioaiue ?a/aiiy,
oneeaaeiai? iai?ai?aaeeeaoeaieie Part II-eiino?oeoe?yie, aeoeaii
aca?iiae?thoue ?c i?ae?yaeieie /anoeiaie neeaaeieo ?a/aiue
?ic/eaiiaaiiai oa ia?ic/eaiiaaiiai oeio aai aeyaeythoue ei?aeyoe?th c
/eaiaie i?inoiai ?a/aiiy (o?i?oiei i?enoaeeii; iioe?thaa/aie
ianoaaeiiiai oeio; aeoieaeneaaie).

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeai? a oaeeo ioae?eaoe?yo:

Neioaene/i? ia?aiao?e ae??i?ene?aiee?a o eiioaeno?
oi?iaeueii-naiaioe/ieo ni?aa?aeiioaiue c ?ioeie neioaene/ieie
eiino?oeoe?yie // Iaoeiaee a?niee *a?i?aaoeueeiai oi-oo. – Aei.13:
Neia’yinueea o?eieia?y.-*a?i?aoe?: *AeO, 1997. – N. 111-116.

Ae??i?ene?aieeia? eiiieaene c? cia/aiiyi noaio a no?oeoo?? ?a/aiiy //
I?iaeaii? ieoaiiy neioaeneno: Ca.iaoe. noaoae. – *a?i?aoe?: *AeO, 1997.-

N. 120-124.

Iiaeoni? cia/aiiy ae??i?ene?aiee?a o no/ani?e oe?a?inuee?e iia?

//Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie neioaeneno: Iaoa??aee Anaoe?a?inueei? iaoe. eiio.,
i?enay/aii? 85-??//th i?io. ?.?. Neeiueea. – *a?i?aoe?: *AeO, 1997. – N.
103-104.

No?oeoo?a naiaioeei-neooaoeaiiai iiey c i?aaeeeaoii «?aae?noue» (ia
iaoa??ae? iiae oai??a I. ?aanthea) // Oai?/a ?iaeea?aeoaeuei?noue ?
iiainoeeue Ieoaeea ?aanthea: Ca. iaoe. noaoae. – *a?i?aoe?: Iieiaeee
aoeiaeiaoeue, 1997. — N. 38-40.

?aae?caoe?y naiii? no?oeoo?e ye?nieo i?eeiaoiee?a o i?aaeeeaoeai?e
ooieoe?? (ia iaoa??ae? aae’?eoeaieo ?a/aiue) // No?oeoo?a oa naiaioeea
iiaieo iaeeieoeue o ooieoe?iiaeueiiio aniaeo?: Ca. iaoe. i?aoeue. –
*a?i?aoe?: *AeO, 1996. – N.53-60 (O ni?aaao.).

Eaene/i? oa neioaene/i? caniae ae?aaeaiiy ?ioaineaii? iciaee a
oe?a?inuee?e oa ?in?enuee?e iiaao // I?iaeaie c?noaaii? naiaioeee:
Aeiiia?ae? oa iia?aeiieaiiy I?aeia?iaeii? iaoe. eiio. – Ee?a, 1997. –
N.92-93.

Oaiii?aeuei? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae iniiaiei oa aeiiii?aeiei i?aaeeeaoii o
no?oeoo?? i?inoiai ?a/aiiy // Naiaioeea iiae ? oaenoo: Iaoa??aee V
I?aeia?iaeii? iaoe. eiio. (30 aa?aniy – 2 aeiaoiy 1996 ?.). –
?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1996. – *.1. – N.103.

Iniaeeaino? aaeeaaiiy ae??i?ene?aiee?a o no?oeoo?? i?inoiai ?a/aiiy //
Naiaioeea iiae ? oaenoo: Iaoa??aee V I?aeia?iaeii? iaoe. eiio. –
?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1996. – *.4. – N.64-67.

Oi?iaeueii-a?aiaoe/ia aoaeiaa ?a/aiue, oneeaaeiaieo iai?ai?aaeeeaoeaieie
ae??i?ene?aieeiaeie eiiieaenaie // Iaoeiaee a?niee *a?i?aaoeueeiai
oi-oo. – Aei. 34: Neia’yinueea o?eieia?y. – *a?i?aoe?: *AeO, 1998. –
N.132-137.

?ai?acaioaoe?? i?iiiceoe?eieo no?oeoo? ia ??ai? aeaineeaaeiiai ?a/aiiy
// Iaoeiaee a?niee *a?i?aaoeueeiai oi-oo. – Aei. 34: Neia’yinueea
o?eieia?y. – *a?i?aoe?: *AeO, 1998. – N.141 – 146 (O ni?aaao.).

Iiaeaeuei? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy o no?oeoo?? ?a/aiiy c iai?ai?aaeeeaoeaieie
ae??i?ene?aieeiaeie cai?ioaie // Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie a?aiaoeee: Ca.
iaoe. i?aoeue: Iaoe. cai. E??iaia?aaenueeiai aea?ae. iaae. oi-oo ?i.
A.Aeiie/aiea. — E??iaia?aae, 1997. – Aei. 2. – N. 180-184.

?iie?oeeoi?noue ye iniaeeaee niin?a a?aeia?aaeaiiy neooaoe?? oa ??
aeaiaio?a // Aio?iiioeaio?e/iee i?aeo?ae o aeine?aeaeaii? iiae:
Iaoa??aee VII I?aeia?iaeieo Ea?nueeeo /eoaiue. – I?aeei-A?iaeia, 1998. –
N.218-219.

I?aaeeeaoeai? ca’ycee a aniaeo? eiioi?eaoe?? // Aoiai?oa?ia ina?oa:
oaeoi? na?oiai? ?ioaa?aoe??: Iaoa??aee i?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii?
eiio. – *.??. – *a?i?aoe?: ?ooa, 1997. – N.197-201.

A?aiaoe/i? oa eaene/i? caniae ae?aaeaiiy a?aeiinii? oaiii?aeueiino? o
no?oeoo?? ?a/aiue c iai?ai?aaeeeaoeaieie eiiieaenaie (ia iaoa??ae? iiae
oai??a A.Eaieiai) // Oai?/?noue Aiaaeaia Eaieiai a eiioaeno?
?a?iiaenueei? eoeueoo?e OO noie?ooy: Iaoa??aee Anaoe?a?inueei? iaoe.
eiio., i?enay/aii? 125-??//th a?ae aeiy ia?iaeaeaiiy ienueiaiieea. –
Oa?iii?eue, 1998. – N.308-312.

A?aeiinia ia?niiaeuei?noue ae??i?ene?aieeiaeo eiiieaen?a o no?oeoo??
i?inoiai oneeaaeiaiiai ?a/aiiy // Oe?a?inueea iiaa ia Aoeiaei?: ieioea ?
no/ania: Iaoa??aee ?? Anaoe?a?inueei? iaoe. eiio. – *a?i?aoe?:I?noi,
1998. – N.233-237 (O ni?aaao.).

Aiioaoe?y

Eoeueaaanueea I.A. Iai?ai?aaeeeaoeai? eiino?oeoe?? a no/ani?e
oe?a?inuee?e iia?. – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo
iaoe c? niaoe?aeueiino? 10.02.01 – oe?a?inueea iiaa. – I?eea?iaonueeee
oi?aa?neoao ?i. A.Noaoaieea, ?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1998.

O aeena?oaoe?? cai?iiiiiaaii nenoaiiee iien ?a/aiue, oneeaaeiaieo
iai?ai?aaeeeaoeaieie ae??i?ene?aieeiaeie eiiieaenaie, ie?aneaii
a?aiaoe/iee noaoon eaoaai??? iai?ai?aaeeeaoeaiino? oa iiiyooy
iai?ai?aaeeeaoeaii? eiino?oeoe??, ye? ?aae?cothoueny ia?aiao?aie
a?aeiinii? oaiii?aeueiino? e iiaeaeueiino? oa /anoeiai? ia?niiaeueiino?.
O ?iaio? i?iaiae?ciaaii naiaioe/io oa eiioi?eaoeaio no?oeoo?o ?a/aiue c
Part II-eiino?oeoe?yie, eiiieaenii iienaii oi?iaeueii-naiaioe/i?
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeine?aeaeoaaieo no?oeoo? c ?ioeie ?a/aiiyie.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aoi?eiia i?aaeeeaoe?y, iai?ai?aaeeeaoeai?noue,
iai?ai?aaeeeaoeaia ae??i?ene?aieeiaa eiino?oeoe?y, iai?ai?aaeeeaoeai?
ca’ycee oa a?aeiioaiiy, ia?a/aii?aa i?iiiceoe?y, naiaioeei-neioaene/ia
aaeaioi?noue, ei?aoa?aioi?noue.

Aiiioaoeey

Eoeueaaaneay A.A. Iieoi?aaeeeaoeaiua eiino?oeoeee a nia?aiaiiii
oe?aeineii ycuea. – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oeeieiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 10.02.01 – oe?aeineee ycue. I?eea?iaoneee
oieaa?neoao ei. A.Noaoaieea, Eaaii-O?aieiane, 1998.

A aeenna?oaoeee i?aaeeaaaaony nenoaiiia enneaaeiaaiea i?aaeeiaeaiee,
oneiaeiaiiuo iieoi?aaeeeaoeaiuie aeaai?e/anoiuie eiiieaenaie,
ii?aaeaeyaony a?aiiaoe/aneee noaoon eaoaai?ee iieoi?aaeeeaoeaiinoe e
iiiyoey iieoi?aaeeeaoeaiie eiino?oeoeee, eioi?ua ?aaeecothony
ia?aiao?aie ioiineoaeueiie oaiii?aeueiinoe, iiaeaeueiinoe, a oaeaea
/anoe/iie ia?niiaeueiinoe. A ?aaioa i?iaiaeece?iaaia naiaioe/aneay e
eiiioieeaoeaiay no?oeoo?a i?aaeeiaeaiee n Part II-eiino?oeoeeyie,
eiiieaenii iienaiu oi?iaeueii-naiaioe/aneea niioiioaiey enneaaeoaiuo
no?oeoo? n ae?oaeie i?aaeeiaeaieyie.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aoi?e/iay i?aaeeeaoeey, iieoi?aaeeeaoeaiinoue,
iieoi?aaeeeaoeaiay aeaai?e/anoiay eiino?oeoeey, iieoi?aaeeeaoeaiua nayce
e ioiioaiey, iai?aaeeeaoeaiay i?iiiceoeey, naiaioeei-neioaene/aneay
aaeaioiinoue, ei?aoa?aioiinoue.

Annotation

Kulbabska O.V. Halfpredicative constructions in the modern Ukrainian
language. – Manuscript.

The dissertation is for the competition to get the scientific degree of
candidate of philological sciences on the speciality 10.02.01 –
Ukrainian language. – Prycarpatskiy university named after V.Stefanyk,
Ivano-Frankivsk, 1998.

In this thesis a complex description of the sentences, which is
complicated by the halfpredicative participles is offered. Also the
grammatical status of this category and the notion of halfpredicative
construction which is realized by the parameters of relative
temporarity, modality and partial personality are outlined here. It has
been analyzed the semantic and halfpredicative Part II-constructions.
The formal semantic coordinations of the studied structures are
described in their relations with other syntactical units.

The key words: secondary predication, half-predicativeness,
halfpredicative participle construction, halfpredicative connection,
halfpredicative relations, nonspeech proposition, semantic-syntactical
valence, correfferency.

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