Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao

?i. A.N. Neiai?iaee

OAeE 801.6; 82.085

Nei?aa/ Oaoyia Aanee?aia

Iiaiee ia?ac i?inoi?o a iiac?yo

I. Naiaiea ? A. Iie?uoea

10.02.01 – oe?a?inueea iiaa

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a-1999

Aeena?oaoe?y ? ?oeiienii

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? oe?a?inueei? iiae Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. A.N. Neiai?iaee.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee -eaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo iaoe,aeioeaio
eaoaae?e oe?a?inueei? iiae

Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. A.N.
Neiai?iaee

IEAENAIEI Ieaia Aiae???aia.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe — aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, caneoaeaiee
ae?y/ aeui? oeiee, i?ioani? eaoaae?e oe?a?inueei? iiae
Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo AA?AIIEE Aeieo?i
Oa?eoiiiae/;

-eaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? eaoaae?e oe?a?iiciaanoaa
Oa?e?anueeiai ?inoeoooo oi?aae?iiy ss?AUAIEI A?oo? Iao?iae/.

I?ia?aeia i?aai?caoe?y: a?aeae?e noee?noeee ? eoeueoo?e iiae
?inoeoooo oe?a?inueei? iiae IAI

Oe?a?ie, i. Ee?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 3 ” /a?aiy  1999 ?. i 13-00 aiae. ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 64.053.03 o Oa?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio
iaaeaaia?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?i. A.N. Neiai?iaee ca aae?anith: 310168, i.
Oa?e?a, aoe. Aethoa?a, 2, e?ii. 205-A

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. A.N. Neiai?iaee.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii “ 30 ” ea?oiy  1999 ?.

O/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee _______________I.A.IEAENAIEI

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Ieoaeei (Ieoaeeue) Naiaiei (1892-1937) ? Aaea?’yi Iie?uoe (1897-1942)
iaeaaeaoue aei oeo oe?a?inueeeo ienueiaiiee?a 20-o  —  30-o ?ie?a, ye?
nai?th oai?/?noth c?iaeee iii?oiee aianie o ?icaeoie oe?a?inueei?
e?oa?aoo?e e oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?ii? iiae. ?o oai?e iino?eii aoee a
iie? ci?o oiai/anii? e?oa?aoo?ii? e?eoeee e e?oa?aoo?iciaanoaa. Iaeiae
i?ney o?aa?/ii? caaeaae? oeeo iiao?a ?o oai?/ee aei?iaie i?ioyaii
aeanyoee?oue ia aeine?aeaeoaaany, i?ioa ? a iao? aei? i?i ?o e?oa?aoo?io
niaaeueio caaaeothoue o?aa ui aei tha?eaeieo aeao oa aeoaea noenei a
?noi??? oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e. A?eueo aeieeaaeia oa?aeoa?enoeea oai??a
I. Naiaiea oa A. Iie?uoea i?noeoueny o?eueee a aeayeeo noaooyo, cie?aia
a oeo, ui ia?aaeothoue ca??eai ?o iiac?e. O a?eueoino? ?ia?o,
i?enay/aieo ?o iiac??, ia ia?oa i?noea aenoaa?oueny ieoaiiy i?i
iaeaaei?noue oeeo iiao?a aei e?oa?aoo?iiai oe?a?inueeiai aaaiaa?aeo,
iiaeoueny i?i ?oi? aeaeea?aoe?? e i?ia?aie, coiiaeai? aeooii /ano,
eoeueoo?ii-?noi?e/iith neooaoe??th, ? iaio oaaae i?eae?ey?oueny aeania
?o iiaoe/i?e oai?/ino?. Ine?eueee ?aaeyinueea e?oa?aoo?iciaanoai
ioe?ithaaei aaaiaa?aeeci iaaaoeaii, oi ? aei oai?/ino? oeeo iiao?a, aei
oiai ae ?ai?aniaaieo, aoei oia?aaeaeaia noaaeaiiy. Ca?ac, eiee ioe?iea
aaaiaa?aeecio a ienoaoeoa? ci?ith?oueny, oai?/?noue I. Naiaiea ?
A. Iie?uoea /aea? a?eueo oaaaeiiai aea/aiiy e ia’?eoeaii? ioe?iee. sseui
ae aiai?eoe i?i iiaiee na?o oeeo ienueiaiiee?a, oi a oeueiio aniaeo? ?o
oai?e oaeoe/ii ia aea/aeeny. I?ioa oey i?iaeaia ? nooo?aith aeey
inieneaiiy i?noey ? cia/aiiy ?o oai?/ino? a ?icaeoeo e?oa?aoo?iiai
iiaoe/iiai iiaeaiiy, a ?? aeine?aeaeaiiy ia? aeiiiaieoe iiaeie aeaieie
?noi??th oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?ii? iiae e ni?eyoe iiaeaeueo?e ?ic?iaoe?
i?iaeai no/anii? oe?a?inueei? iiae.

Iiaiee ia?ac na?oo iiaoa  —  yaeua neeaaeia ? aaaaoia?aiia, ioiieoe eiai
a oe?eiio a iaeiiio aeine?aeaeaii? iaiiaeeeai, oiio ie ia?aee aeey
?icaeyaeo iaeio c aaaeeeaeo neeaaeiaeo /anoei iiaoe/iiai oai?o  — 
iiaiee ia?ac ooaeiaeiueiai i?inoi?o.

Aea?? aaoi??a aeey aea/aiiy iinoaaeaii? i?iaeaie coiiaeaiee oaeeie
i?e/eiaie. C iaeiiai aieo, I.Naiaiei ? A. Iie?uoe iathoue aaaaoi
ni?eueiiai a ciai?oi?o ianoaaeiao aeeooy: aiie iaeaeaa aeo?aeoe? c
naeyinueeeo n?iae, o yeeo oaioaaeanue ina?oa, aaoueee iaio iaee iaoee
aei e?oa?aoo?ii? oai?/ino?, iaeaeaa iaea?aeaee aa?io ina?oo, iaeaeaa
ia?aaoaaee a iaeei /an a iaeiiio eoeueoo?iiio na?aaeiaeu?, iaeaeaa /anii
ia’?aeioaaeenue o ni?eueieo e?oa?aoo?ieo a?oiao. C ?ioiai aieo,
iacaaaeath/e ia noiae? aeeoo?a? oeyoe, ye oai?/? iniaenoino?, aiie
??ci?, ui ciaoiaeeoue a?aeia?aaeaiiy ia o?eueee a oaiaoeoe?, a e o
na?oini?eeiaii?, o ?icaeoiao ? ia?aaeeaaiiyo e??e/iiai aa?iy, ui ciaeoei
a?aeaeooy a iiaiiio ia?ac? na?oo eiaeiiai c iiao?a. Iacaaaeath/e ia
oe? ni?euei? ?ene a oai?/eo aeieyo ienueiaiiee?a, ?o oai?/? iniaenoino?
aeoaea a?aei?ii?, ui ciaoiaeeoue a?aeia?aaeaiiy ? a iiaiiio ia?ac?
na?oo. O ca’yceo c oeei aeaeaaaeiny oe?eaaei c’ynoaaoe ia o?eueee oa, o
/iio iieyaa? a?aei?ii?noue iiaiiai ia?aco na?oo, a e oa, ui coiiaeei
nai???aeia na?oia?ae/oooy aeaio iiao?a. A?aei?iiino? o a?aeia?aaeaii?
oa?aeoa?o ooaeiaeiueiai i?inoi?o ? a iiaiiio eiai ae?aaeaii?, aaaea?ii,
iiaeia iiynieoe, e??i ?ioiai, a?aei?iiinoyie ineo?/iiai neeaaeo eiaeiiai
c oeeo iiao?a, /a?ac oa c?noaaeaiiy ?o oai?/ino? iieaciaa aeey ?icoi?iiy
iniaeeainoae iiae ? noeeth ienueiaiiee?a, ca’yceo iiaoe/ii? iiae c
ineo?/iei neeaaeii ieooey.

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie iieyaa? a oiio, ui aiia eaaeeoue o ieiuei? no/anieo
iiooe?a aaeaeaaoiiai a?aeoai?aiiy e?oa?aoo?iiai e iiaii-noee?noe/iiai
i?ioean?a a Oe?a?i?. Oe? iiooee iathoue ??oiooaaoeny ia aea/aii?
oai?/ino? oeo aaoi??a, ?iaia yeeo oaiaeaioe?eii aeeo/aeeny c ?noi???
oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e e oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?ii? iiae. Aei oaeeo
ienueiaiiee?a iaeaaeaoue ? I. Naiaiei oa A. Iie?uoe. Aea/aiiy oai?/ino?
oeeo ienueiaiiee?a ni?eyoeia iiaeieaiith iaeiia?/iino? o aena?oeaii?
oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e oa e?oa?aoo?ii? iiae 20-o — 30-o ?ie?a, oeaieo
oyaeaiue o oe?e oea?ei?, a oaeiae aeanoue iiooiao aei aea/aiiy ca’yce?a
e?oa?aoi??a ianooiieo iieie?iue ?c oai?/?noth iiia?aaeiee?a.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeine?aeaeaiiy
i?iaiaeeeiny a?aeiia?aeii aei ieaio iaoeiaiaeine?aeii? ?iaioe eaoaae?e
oe?a?inueei? iiae Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo
?i. A.N. Neiai?iaee.

Iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy coiiaeaia e?eueeiia oaeoi?aie. Ianaiia?aae,
aeena?oaoe?y ? ia?oei aeine?aeaeaiiyi iiae I. Naiaiea ? A. Iie?uoea,
cie?aia ia?oith ni?iaith aeieeaaeii ?icaeyiooe iaeei ?c o?aaiaio?a
iiaiiai ia?aco na?oo a iiac?yo oeeo aaoi??a. Aiia ? oaeiae ia?oei
aeine?aeaeaiiyi iiae oeeo iiao?a ocaaae?. Ii-ae?oaa, iiaecia
aeena?oaoe?? ??oioo?oueny ia iaoiaeeoe? aeine?aeaeaiiy, yea iieyaa? a
c?noaaeaii? aeaio oai?/eo iniaenoinoae o iiaiiio ae?aaeaii?
ooaeiaeiueiai i?inoi?o. Ii-o?ao?, iiaecia iieyaa? a ni?ia? ni?aa?aeianoe
iiaiee na?o ?c ineo?/iei neeaaeii iiaoa.

Iaoa ?iaioe  —  noa?aeoa?ecoaaoe iiai? caniae ae?aaeaiiy ooaeiaeiueiai
i?inoi?o a oai?/ino? aeaio aeaeaoieo oe?a?inueeeo iiao?a; aeyaeoe
iniaeeaino? iiaiiai ia?aco i?inoi?o a oai?/iio aei?iaeo eiaeiiai c ieo;
anoaiiaeoe ca’ycie iiaieo yaeu ?c ineo?/iei neeaaeii ooaeiaeieea neiaa.

Iinoaaeaiith iaoith coiiaeai? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy.

1. Aecia/eoe oeiieia?/i? iniaeeaino? ooaeiaeiueiai i?inoi?o a oai?ao
I. Naiaiea ? A. Iie?uoea.

2. Noa?aeoa?ecoaaoe iiaiee ia?ac ooaeiaeiueiai i?inoi?o a iiac??
I. Naiaiea.

3. I?iaiae?coaaoe iniaeeaino? iiaiiai ao?eaiiy ooaeiaeiueiai i?inoi?o a
iiac?? A. Iie?uoea

4. C?noaaeoe iiai? iniaeeaino? aeaio iiao?a o a?aeoai?aii? ooaeiaeiueiai
i?inoi?o.

5. Anoaiiaeoe ca’ycie iiaieo iniaeeainoae o ae?aaeaii? ooaeiaeiueiai
i?inoi?o ?c ineo?/iei neeaaeii iiao?a.

Ia’?eo aea/aiiy  —  iiaa iiaoe/ieo oai??a I. Naiaiea ? A. Iie?uoea,
cie?aia eaene/i? caniae ae?aaeaiiy ooaeiaeiueiai i?inoi?o.

I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? iiai? caniae a?aeoai?aiiy ooaeiaeiueiai
i?inoi?o a oe?a?inuee?e iiac??.

Iaoa??ae, ia yeiio aeeiiaia ?iaioa,  —  iiaoe/i? ca??ee iacaaieo iiao?a,
aeaeai? a ??ci? ?iee. C?iaeaii aeecueei 3500 aea??ie o aeaeyae?
o?aaiaio?a iiac?e, ?icai?iaieo neiainiieo/aiue, ?ieiee oe?eeo oai??a.
Aeey ineoieia?/ii? oa?aeoa?enoeee iiao?a aeei?enoaii niiaaaee
no/aniee?a, eenoe oa naiioa?aeoa?enoeee a iiac?yo.

Iaoiaeieia?/i? canaaee ?iaioe iia’ycai? c o?einionueeeie iieiaeaiiyie
i?i ca’ycie iiae, noni?euenoaa ? ieneaiiy, i?i caaaeueiiiiaia e
?iaeea?aeoaeueia a iiaoe/i?e oai?/ino?, i?i ?ieue ineo?/ieo oaeoi??a o
oi?ioaaii? ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai ia?aco na?oo, cie?aia a iiac??.

Aeine?aei? iaoiaee. I?e aeine?aeaeaii? iaoa??aeo aeei?enoiaoaaany
ia?aaaaeii iieniaee iaoiae eiioaenoiiai aiae?co o ??cieo eiai i?eeiiao
 —  niinoa?aaeaiiy, c?noaaeaiiy, ocaaaeueiaiiy. Oeae iaoiae aeicaiey?
aeyaeoe ci?noia? e anoaoe/i? ooieoe?? iiaieo iaeeieoeue o ooaeiaeiueiio
oaeno? ? nai???aei?noue iiaoe/iiai iiaeaiiy ienueiaiieea. Aeey
oa?aeoa?enoeee eaene/ieo cania?a ae?aaeaiiy ie?aieo o?aaiaio?a
ooaeiaeiueiai i?inoi?o caeo/athoueny i?eeiie eeaneo?eaoe?eiiai iaoiaeo,
a aeey aiae?co a?aei?iiinoae a cia/aiiyo ne?a  —  aeaiaioe eiiiiiaioiiai
aiae?co.

Oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy aeena?oaoe?? iieyaa? a ?ic?iaoe? ieoaiiy i?i ca’ycie
iieiaeaiue oai?aoe/ii? noee?noeee c iiiyooyi iiaiiai ia?aco na?oo, c
aeyaeaiiyi eiai a ooaeiaeiueiio oai??, o aecia/aii? aca?iiae?? iiaieo oa
ineo?/ieo yaeu a ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiio, cie?aia iiaoe/iiio, iiaeaii?.

Iaoa??aee ? iieiaeaiiy ?iaioe iiaeooue ciaeoe i?aeoe/ia canoinoaaiiy o
aeeeaaeaii? eo?n?a noee?noeee, ?noi??? oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?ii? iiae,
e?iaa?noe/iiai aiae?co oaenoo, oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e, a iin?aieeao ?
i?ae?o/ieeao ?c oeeo eo?n?a, o niaoeeo?nao ? niaoenai?ia?ao.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe oa ?? ?acoeueoao?a. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy
iaaiai?thaaeeny ia can?aeaiiyo eaoaae?e oe?a?inueei? iiae Oa?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. A.N. Neiai?iaee, ia
i?aenoieiaeo iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai
neeaaeo Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. A.N.
Neiai?iaee, ia VIII I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? c aeooaeueieo i?iaeai
naiaioe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue (Oa?e?a, 1997).

Ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 7 ?ia?o, ?c ieo o iaoeiaeo aeaeaiiyo
6 noaoae, caaaeueiei ianyaii 2,5 ae?oeiaaieo a?eoo?.

No?oeoo?a ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, o?ueio
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e. Caaaeueiee ianya
?iaioe noaiiaeoue 161 noi??ieo, a?ae?ia?ao?? — 16 noi??iie. Nienie
aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e i?noeoue 224 iaeiaioaaiiy.

INIIAIEE CI?NO

Anooi i?noeoue ia??oiooaaiiy aeai?o oaie, aecia/aiiy aeooaeueiino?,
iiaecie, iaoe e iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy, ie?aneaiiy iaoa??aeo, ui
noaiiaeoue aaco aeey aiae?co.

Ia?oee ?icae?e “Oai?aoe/i? canaaee aeine?aeaeaiiy” i?enay/aiee
iaeyaeia? iaoeiai? e?oa?aoo?e c ooiaeaiaioaeueieo ieoaiue, ui ? aaciaeie
aeey aeena?oaoe??, a oaeiae aecia/aiith iniiaieo iiiyoue ? oa?i?i?a
o?eieia?/ii? iaoee, ye? aeei?enoiaothoueny a ?iaio? – “noee?noeea”,
“e?iaa?noe/ia iiaoeea”, “iiaoe/ia iiaa”, “iiaiee ia?ac na?oo”,
“ineo?/iee oei iiaoa” oa ?i., iia’ycai? c oeeie iniiaieie.

Ine?eueee aeena?oaoe?y iiae?ey?oueny ia ?icae?ee, i?enay/ai?
I. Naiaieia? e A. Iie?uoeia?, oi oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy, ye? noinothoueny
oai?/ino? eiaeiiai c ieo, i?noyoueny o a?aeiia?aeieo ?icae?eao.

Ae?oaee ?icae?e i?enay/aiee aiae?cia? iiaiiai ia?aco ooaeiaeiueiai
i?inoi?o a iiac?? I. Naiaiea. O ?icae?e? a?aecia/a?oueny, ui ooaeiaei?e
i?ino?? ? eiai iiaiee ia?ac o iiaoa a?ae??ciythoueny ia ??cieo aoaiao
eiai oai?/ino? ye i?aaeiaoii, oae ? niiniaii cia?aaeaiiy. O ?aii?o
oai?ao iii?oia c?oeiaiiy aeaio iiaieo noeo?e – o?aaeeoe?eii?, iia’ycaii?
c ?aeee?/iei i?inoi?ii, ? i?nueei?, i?e/iio inoaiiy aeo?niy? ia?oo. Oi/
iiao o oeae /an iiaeaeoaee aeei?enoiao? neiaa aae, ae?a?iaa, iaeiae aiie
a iueiai iicaaaeai? iiceoeaii? eiiioaoe??, a oaeaeoa ? iaeo?aeueieie,
iai?eeeaae, “AEeooy ia ? oea?oo/ee aae.| AEeooy ? aoeeoey ooieeaa”.
Neiaa iaai ? oia?e iathoue o?aaeeoe?eia cia/aiiy a?aeaeaeaiiai i?inoi?o,
ye ? a ia?iaei?e iiac??. Oaea a oeae ia??iae o I. Naiaiea c’yaey?oueny
iioya aei iiaioai?aiiy ? neiaioai?aiiy. O ae?oaee ia??iae aeaea?aeii
a?aaeaiue aeey iiaoa noa? i?ino?? Aeaeaeiai Noiaeo, ? iiaiee na?o o
iueiai caaaa/o?oueny ia o?eueee ca ?aooiie aecioe/ieo ne?a ?
neiainiieo/aiue (niiea, o?inuee? ai?e oiui), a e /a?ac iane/aiiy
o?aaeeoe?eii aaeeaaieo ne?a (ai?e, ii?a oa ?i.) iiaeie iciaeaie ai?e –
oea ni?aaaei? a??nuee? ianeae, a ia i?aeaeuaiiy, neiai ii?a ae?aaea?
iiiyooy i?i aaee/aciee i?ino?? ?c aoooith, ei?aaeyie ? o.?i. Iaea?eueo
/anoioieie a oeae ia??iae ? neiaa aoooa, oaee?, oia?e, a?oa?, ye?
oa?aeoa?ecothoue i?ecaiiee ? iacaiiee i?ino??. ssaeua, ye? ae?aaeathoue
i?ino??, o I. Naiaiea iia’ycai? i?ae niaith e ia?aaoaathoue o ?on?, ui
ae?aaea?oueny a?aeiia?aeieie niieo/aiiyie ne?a: oaee? ieeaooue, oaee?
eioyoueny ao?oiaie, ooiai ?iceeaa?oueny oaeeath, ooiai aeieeaaa, ii?a
a?ecea? ao?oiaie oa ?i. O ca’yceo ?c cia?aaeaiiyi i?inoi?o ii?y
(oi/i?oa, aoooe) a iiac?? I. Naiaiea oeueiai ia??iaeo cia/ia i?noea
iin?aeathoue neiaa ia?iieaa, eaoa?, aaeio ia?iieaaa oiui ye iciaee
oeueiai i?inoi?o. I?ino?? oeueiai ia??iaeo oai?/ino? niiaiaiee o iiaoa
caoe?a i?e?iaee–

iethne?o oaeeue oa ?i. Aeey ae?aaeaiiy caoe?a iiao /anoi ei?enoo?oueny
caoeiienii: “Ii?a a?ecea? ao?oiaie”; “Ooiai iaae ii?ai c?eeyany c
oaeeath,|C?eeyany c oia?ith, ui oai??”; “… eieeoa a oaieeo oaeeyo iiaie?
ieeio/iai a?o?o” oiui.

C ii/aoeo 20-o ?ie?a iiao ciiao iiaa?oa?oueny aei i?noa, ia?ac yeiai
iin?aea? /?eueia i?noea a eiai oai?ao. A?i caoiieth?oueny aeinyaiaiiyie
oeea?e?caoe??, ? eiai iiac?th niiaith? a?aeiia?aeia eaeneea:
aaoiiia?eue, aa?iieai, iioio?aiaae, o?aiaae oa ?i.; iacae i?nueeeo
i?noeue a?aeii/eieo– naae, ia?e, neaa?, eaoa, ?ethc?ii ? iiae.–
iino?eii i?enooi? o oai?ao I. Naiaiea. Aeaooi ?c e?eoee?a iaceaaa oe?
neiaa i?ica?ciaie, a aeey iiaoa aiie aoee niiaiai? iiac??, ? a?i
iiiaoeciaoaaa ?o. O iueiai o?aiaa? no??ei?, aoeeoey ne?io/a, aoeueaa?
ciaeyaa?oueny oiui. Iniaeeaa caoiieaiiy aeeeeea? aeaeo?e/ia na?oei, oiio
neiaa aeaeo?eea, e?ooa?, ?ethi?iaoe?y ? iaa?ae’?iiith /anoeiith iiaiiai
ia?aco i?noa. Caoa a oai?ao iiaoa ia iaaeoi aaaaoa iae?o?a eieuei??a (ca
aeiyoeii iaca aa?a /a?aiiiai niaeo?o), iaei ?ineei, caiao?a oa ?i.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? ?icaeyaea?oueny iiaiee ia?ac i?inoi?o o iiac?yo
A.Iie?uoea. A?aecia/a?oueny, ui iiaoe/iee i?ino?? oeueiai ieooey
a?aee?eoee aei aaciaaeiino? ye a ai?eciioaeueiiio iai?yieo (“iec”), oae
? o aa?oeeaeueiiio (“aa?o”). Oea aeyaey?oueny, ii-ia?oa, a naiaioe/iiio
iaiiaiaii? ne?a, cie?aia eini?/ii? eaeneee: iai?eeeaae, iacae iaaanieo
na?oee o iiaoa ae?aaeathoue ia o?eueee naia na?oeei, a e i?noyoue naio
“a?aenoaiue”, “aeaeaei”, “aeoaea”. Ii-ae?oaa, aaciaaei?noue
ae?aaea?oueny niieo/aiiyi ?yaeo ne?a, ye? iaceaathoue ia’?eoe a
i?inoi?ia?e iine?aeiaiino?, ui noaiiaeoue i?ae iacaieiaiee ?yae: “A
aaciaaei?i ieaai? | Iaciaieo iai na?o?a ? aeoi??a eini?/ieo, | ?ooeeaeo
niiy/ieo nenoai, | Aea iioiia? ye o ie? aocaiueea eiei iaoeo ciaiue, | O
oe?e aaciaei? /ano, aea ?icieeaa?oueny iao ?icoi, ye ooiai, | Aia?a?y
iaea?/ia ia cieea?.” Iiaoa aaaeoue anana?o, oiio a eiai oai?ao oaea
aaaaoa eaeneea ia iicia/aiiy eini?/ieo yaeu. O A.Iie?uoea aeoaea aaaaoee
eaeneeii ia iicia/aiiy yaeu iaaeeai? (noai, aiaea, ai?e, ii?a ? iiae.)
oa aeeai? — iacae ?ineei, ?o caiao?a oa eieuei??a, caoe?a oa ?i. —
i?e?iaee. Iai?eeeaae, iiao aaeeaa? iiiaae 60 iaca ?ineei, ? oea iaiiaiee
?yae. Eieuei?iaee niaeo? o A.Iie?uoea i?aaenoaaeaiee iacaaie an?
eieuei??a ? a?aeo?ie?a niaeo?o, a oaeiae niieo/aiiyie ne?a, ui
ae?aaeathoue eie?? /a?ac ii??aiyiiy. Aaaaoa a iiaoa eaeneea ia
iicia/aiiy caiao?a. Ia oeo?a?oueny a?i ? iaca ?noio, iniaeeai aecioe/ieo
oa aeia?eeo: neii, eia?a, aaaa?a, i?iaa?i, neieiiaiae?a, iaiiio,
a?iioicaa?. Oe? neiaa /anoi aenooiathoue o ii??aiyiiyo (“ss /oooyi nai?i
| Oaaa ia?eiya aaea, ye ni?oo”; “Ai?ae ?icieoeo eoiae?a,| Iaiia
neieiiaiae?e aaeaoainuee?”) aai oa?aeoa?ecothoue iaaiee o?iiioii: “Aea
a?iioicaa?e oiaeeee— e?ia ca?ineea aeeeoinueea”. Oea iiynith?oueny
iniaeeainoyie ineo?/iiai neeaaeo iiaoa, eiai oaaaith aei aeaoae?.

Iiaiee ia?ac i?inoi?o iiao?a cia/iith i??ith coiiaeth?oueny ?o ineo?/iei
neeaaeii, oiio a ae?oaiio e o?aoueiio ?icae?eao ?iaeoueny ni?iaa
ni?aa?aeianoe yaeua iiai? ? ineo?/i?.

Ia i?aenoaa? i?iaaaeaiiai a oeeo ?icae?eao aiae?co oaeoe/iiai iaoa??aeo
iiaeaii c?noaaio oa?aeoa?enoeeo iiaieo iniaeeainoae aeaio iiao?a ?
c?iaeaii aeniiaee.

Ieoaeeue Naiaiei ? Aaea?’yi Iie?uoe  —  aeaa aecia/ieo i?aaenoaaieee
aaaiaa?aeo a oe?a?inuee?e e?oa?aoo??. Oe?a?inueeee aaaiaa?aeeci iaa
iaai? iniaeeaino?, coiiaeai? niaoeeo?eith oe?a?inueeiai aeeooy ?
e?oa?aoo?e, cie?aia iiac??, ye? aei e?ioey O?O no. aoee iia’ycai?
ia?aaaaeii c n?euenueeei iiaooii ? ini?aoaaiiyi i?e?iaee Oe?a?ie aeoaea
/anoi a ?aieao “?aeee?/iiai”, ca oa?i?iieia??th I.I. Aaoo?ia, i?inoi?o.
Oea caoaeoaaei ooaeiaei?e i?ino?? ? i?iaeaiaoeeo oe?a?inueei?
e?oa?aoo?e, ui ciaoiaeeei a?aeaeooy ? a iiaoe/iiio iiaeaii?. Oiio iiaoe
iiai? aaia?aoe?? iaiaaaeeny ?icoe?eoe ia??? oe?a?inueei? iiac?? a
oaiaoe/iiio ? iiaiiio ieaiao, ?icnoiooe ?aiee o?aaeeoe?eiiai i?inoi?o e
caaaaoeoe iiai? caniae eiai ?e?aaeaiiy.

Aei oaeeo iiao?a iaeaaeaee Ieoaeeue Naiaiei ? Aaea?’yi Iie?uoe. Ii/aaoe
iiaoe/io oai?/?noue o o?aaeeoe?yo nai?o iiia?aaeiee?a ? caa?oath/enue o
?aii?o a??oao aei cia?aaeaiiy ?aeee?/iiai i?inoi?o, aei o?aaeeoe?eieo
ia?acieo ? iiaieo cania?a, aiie iaeiae oaeaeei ?icoi?thoue
iaiao?aei?noue iiooe?a iiaeo oeyo?a. I. Naiaiei ? A. Iie?uoe i?aaiooue
aaanoe oe?a?inueeo iiac?th a eiei oai?/eo ooeaiue na?oiaiai ienueiainoaa
(cie?aia caoiieththoueny iiac??th Oieoa O?oiaia), a oe?a?inueeo iiaoe/io
iiao iaaeeceoe aei ??aiy na?oiaeo iiaoe/ieo iia. Iacaaaeath/e ia
noiae?noue ciai?oi?o oiia oi?ioaaiiy ? iiae?aiino? ienoaoeueeeo
i?aaiaiue eiaeai c ieo ooeaa ? ciaoiaeea aaeaeaaoi? nai?io
na?oini?eeiaiith ooaeiaei? caniae ? eaene/iee iaoa??ae aeey cia?aaeaiiy
iiaiiai ia?aco i?inoi?o. Aeyaeai? a aeine?aeaeaii? oeiieia?/i?
iniaeeaino? ooaeiaeiueiai i?inoi?o a oai?/ino? I. Naiaiea ? A. Iie?uoea
? iio?aeieie a?ae ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai na?oi?icoi?iiy, coiiaeaiiai o
eiaeiiai c ieo niaoeeo?eith ineoieia?/ii? iniiae. Ii??aiyaoe
ineoieia?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee aeaio iiao?a, noai?ai? ia i?aenoaa?
na?ae/aiue no/aniee?a ? aeecueeeo ethaeae, ia i?aenoaa?
naiioa?aeoa?enoeee, a oaeiae, c?noaaeaiiy iniaeeainoae iiac?e aeaio
ienueiaiiee?a o ae?aaeaii? iiaiiai ia?aco ooaeiaeiueiai i?inoi?o, iiaeia
c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui I.Naiaiei aoa ?io?iaa?oii c oiea?e/iei
oaiia?aiaioii, a A. Iie?uoe — aeno?aaa?oii c oaeei aea oaiia?aiaioii.
Oeeie a?aei?iiinoyie, ia iaoo aeoieo, cia/iith i??ith ? coiiaeai?
iniaeeaino? ni?eeiaiiy ? ooaeiaeiueiai ao?eaiiy i?inoi?o, eiai ?aae?e oa
iiai?, cie?aia eaene/i?, caniae eiai ae?aaeaiiy.

Iiac?y I. Naiaiea ? A. Iie?uoea a?ae??ciy?oueny, ia?aaeon?i, oa?aeoa?ii
cia?aaeoaaiiai i?inoi?o. O I. Naiaiea i?ino?? iaiaaeaiee oai?? iaaii,
yea ni?eeia?oueny iei ye iaaia ieiueia, aea i?noyoueny oeyoee iaaanieo
na?oee, a a ai?eciioaeueiiio iai?yieo aeaeeieie aai oyaieie ?aae?yie, ui
ioi/othoue i?ino??. Iaa?oue iacae a?aeaeaeaieo i?inoi??a (Aia?eea) aeey
iiaoa iathoue cia/aiiy iaae?, iaoe, aeae? yei?, aaeea naiiai yaeua iiao
ia i?iieea?. Ooaeiaei?e i?ino?? o iiac?? A. Iie?uoea iaoii?noue
a?ae??ciy?oueny a?aee?eo?noth ? iacaieiai?noth. O eiai iiac??
a?ae/oaa?oueny aaciaaei?noue ? i?aaiaiiy iainyaeiino? ye o eini?/ieo
ianooaaao anana?oo, oae ? a i?e?ieini?, i?i ui a?i a?aee?eoi aiai?eoue o
anooi? aei oai?o “Aaciaei?”. Oe? a?aei?iiino? a ni?eeiaii? i?inoi?o
aeyaeythoueny ? a cia?aaeaii? eiai, cie?aia a eaeneei-naiaioe/ieo
iniaeeainoyo iiac?e aeaio iiao?a. Eaene/i? iniaeeaino? ?o aeyaeythoueny,
c iaeiiai aieo, a aeiai?? ? /anoioiino? aaeeaaiiy iaaieo naiaioe/ieo
a?oi ne?a, a c ae?oaiai, a iaiiaiaii? naiaioeee neiaa
?iaeea?aeoaeueii-aaoi?nueeeie anioe?aoe?yie oa a ooaeiaeiueiio
ia?ainieneaii? cia/aiue eeth/iaeo ne?a. Iaeiei ?c oei?a ooaeiaeiueiai
i?inoi?o, ye? aecia/a? I.I. Aaoo?i, ? i?ino?? ?aeee?/iee. Iaeaeaa iiaoe
a ?aii?e iiac?? a?aeaeathoue aeaieio o?aaeeoe?yi oe?a?inueei? e??eee e
ae?aaeathoue oaeee o?aaeeoe?eiee i?ino??, ui ciaoiaeeoue a?aeia?aaeaiiy
o aeei?enoiaoaaii? o?aaeeoe?eii? eaeneee ? o?aaeeoe?eieo ia?ac?a. Iaeiae
i?ae aieeaii e?oa?aoo?iiai na?aaeiaeua a Iaoa?ao?c?, a iio?i ? a
oe?a?inueeeo i?noao Ee?a? oa Oa?eia? aiie a?aeiiaeythoueny a?ae
cia?aaeaiiy i?inoi?o ?aeee?/iiai ? ia?aoiaeyoue aei ?ioeo oei?a. I?e
oeueiio a iiaeaeueoiio ?o noaaeaiiy aei ?aeee?/iiai o?aaeeoe?eiiai
i?inoi?o ??cia: I. Naiaiei ??oo/a ii?eaa? c o?aaeeoe?yie ? ??aeei
caa?oa?oueny ye aei ?aeee?/ieo ia?ac?a i?inoi?o ? acaaae? aei i?e?iaee,
oae ? aei o?aaeeoe?eieo ne?a o o?aaeeoe?eiiio cia/aii?. Oei /anii o
iiac?? A. Iie?uoea aeaiaioe o?aaeeoe?eiiai ?aeee?/iiai i?inoi?o ?
o?aaeeoe?eia eaeneea i?aai?/ii aie?oathoueny a iiao iiaoeeo
ienueiaiieea, caciathoue a i?e ooaeiaeiueiai ia?ainieneaiiy ?
caaaa/othoue iiaoe/io iiao ? iiaoe/iee na?o ienueiaiieea. O eiai iiac??
a?aecia/a?ii oa? oe?a?inueei? eaeneee, ui oa?aeoa?eco? i?ino?? Oe?a?ie.
Iiaia ae?aaeaiiy ooaeiaeiueiai i?inoi?o a I. Naiaiea ci?ith?oueny
caeaaeii a?ae ianoaaei aeeooy, ui iicia/a?oueny e ia eaene/iiio neeaae?.
Iiaoe/iee na?o ? iiaa A. Iie?uoea, a?aeia?aaeath/e aeeiai?/i?noue
iniaenoino? ienueiaiieea, aieeaathoue ia naiaioe/ia caaaa/aiiy
eiie?aoieo ne?a, oi/ eaeneeii iiaea caeeoaoeny iaci?iiei.

O iiac?yo iaio aaoi??a cia/ia i?noea iin?aea? i?ino?? i?noa. Iaeiae
aeyaey?oueny a?i a iaio iiao?a ii-??ciiio. I. Naiaiea caoiieththoue
iciaee oeea?e?caoe??, ui ae?aaea?oueny iacaaie o?ainii?oo, eiai ?ooo,
eoeueoo?ieo onoaiia, eaoa, naae?a ? ia?e?a oiui. Iaeiae oe? yaeua
ni?eeiathoueny iiaoii ia?aaaaeii ca ciai?oi?ie iciaeaie, aiie ?, oae ae
iiaeoe, ciai?oiueith iaieiieith i?noa. Iai?eeeaae, iiao ??aeei ?ice?eaa?
aioo??oi?e ci?no ne?a o?aiaae, naae, eaoa oa ?i., o?eueee iiaeaeoaee
oa?aeoa?ecoth/e ?o /a?ac iacae ?ioeo i?aaeiao?a (oiioai, ?ethi?iaoe?y
oiui). Cia/aiiy ne?a, ui iaceaathoue ?aae?? i?nueeiai i?inoi?o,
I.Naiaiei ?aae?co? ia neai?o?eaoeaiiio, ocaaaeueiaiiio ??ai?. Oiio ia?ac
i?noa a eiai iia? ? a?eueo caaaeueiei, aano?aeoiei, naia neiai i?noi
iaaoaa? neiaie?/iiai cia/aiiy. O iiac?yo A. Iie?uoea o? ae nai? neiaa
iathoue eiie?aoi?oo naiaioeeo, oiaoi ?aae?cothoueny ia aeaiioaoeaiiio
??ai? e ia ??ai? aeaniiai ia?aciiai ni?eeiaiiy. Oey a?aei?ii?noue o
aaeeaaii? ne?a iii?oia ? a ?ioeo a?oiao eaeneee, ui iicia/a?oueny ia
ni?eeiaii? /eoa/ai iiac?e I. Naiaiea ye aano?aeoieo, niiaeyaeaeueieo, a
oai??a A. Iie?uoea  — ye eiie?aoieo, a yeeo ia o?eueee iacaaii ?aae??, a
e a?aeaeoi aaoi?nuee? ii/oooy.

Iiaoe/ia ia?ainieneaiiy cia/aiue ne?a o A. Iie?uoea /anoi iia’ycaia c
iaae?eaiiyi i?inoi?iaeo yaeu ? aeaiaio?a i?inoi?o ?enaie ?noio, cie?aia
ethaeae. O eiai oai?ao iaa?oue o?aiaa? iathoue nei? i/?, ye o eioaii?, ?
noai iai?eoiiiee, ? i?nyoeue canoeaeaany. O iueiai iaeaea aanue na?o
aeeaee. Oea ?iaeoue eiai ooaeiaei?e i?ino?? aeecueeei ? i?eaaaeeaei. O
oai?ao I. Naiaiea anioe?aoe?? iia’ycai? ia?aaaaeii ?c na?oii iaaeeaiai,
oiio eiai i?ino?? a?eueo a?ae/oaeaiee ? oieiaeiee.

Aeey iiaoe/iiai na?oo A. Iie?uoea aaaeeeaee i?ino?? “aa?oo”, i?e/iio
i?ino?? oeae aaciaaeiee, a?i ia ia? ei?aeii?a: ca a?aiyie o??e/anoi?
eini?/ii? nenoaie  — oea ca ia ? iaaeath, ca oeei ca iaia? e?ioey.
I.Naiaiei iaiaaeo? na?e i?ino?? “aa?oo” iaaii ? oia?aie, ??aeei nyaath/e
aeae?. Oey a?aei?ii?noue iicia/a?oueny ia ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiio aeiai??
eaeneee: A. Iie?uoe iaaea? cia/io aaao iae?ieini?/i?e ? i?e?ieini?/i?e
(a no?oeoo?? aoiia) eaeneoe? (einiin, ooiaii?noue, niioey, na?oe), oiae?
ye o I. Naiaiea ia?aaaaeathoue neiaa ia iicia/aiiy i?ecaiieo oa??a
“aa?oo”,  —  oia?e, ooiai, iaai, iia?o?y, a?oa? ? iiae. Cae/aeii,
a?aeiia?aei? neiaa aeey ae?aaeaiiy “aa?oo” aaeeaathoue iaeaeaa iiaoe,
iaeiae ?o ieoiia aaaa o eiaeiiai ??cia. E??i oiai, neiaa, ui
ae?aaeathoue “aa?o”, iathoue ??ciee ci?no. Eaenaie niioea, ci??,
i?nyoeue o oai?ao I. Naiaiea iicia/athoue i?inoi na?oeiaee i?aaeiao ia
oe? iaaa. Oe? ae eaene/i? iaeeieoe? o iia? A. Iie?uoea aeooae?cothoue
?ua e naio a?aenoai? “aeoaea aeaeaei”, oiaoi neiaa niioea, ci?? oa ?i.
iicia/athoue ia i?inoi iaaania na?oeei, a “aeoaea aeaeaea na?oeei”. Oaea
aaeeaaiiy eaenai ?iaeoue i?ino?? A. Iie?uoea a?eueo aa?iii?eiei, ai a
iueiio ?aeia?oueny aeeaa ? iaaeeaa, aeaeaea ? aeecueea:”*e iieaoeoue
iaeaiueeee /ieia?e|Ca ia??? aeaeeoi? aoiinoa?e”;”Ooo niioea eiaeeoue
na?oeee ia?aeea | Nai?o oe?ieeo eane ? oaieeo a??a”; “ss?ee niiy/iee
iaaoe | ?icoyaioa cieioo n?oeo iaaooeie”.

? o A. Iie?uoea, ? a I. Naiaiea “aa?o” ? “iec” ?aeiathoueny ?
aca?iiae?thoue. Iaeiae o ia?oiai oea ?aeiaiiy a?aeaoaa?oueny a?ae
ieaiaoe (Caiey) aai e naiiai iiaoa aae aei aace?ath, o I. Naiaiea
aca?iiae?thoue aeeae/? aei Caie? i?inoi?e, ui ae?aaeathoueny neiaaie
oaee?, ooiai, iia?o?y, a?oa?, oia?e, iaai. Oey i?eioeeiiaa a?aei?ii?noue
o ni?eeiaii? i?inoi?o iia’ycaia ?c ineo?/ieie iniaeeainoyie oai?oe?a:
?io?iaa?o e?aua ni?eeia? aeeae/? aei iueiai ia’?eoe, a aeno?aaa?o
 — a?aeaeaeai? aae aei aace?ia/iino?.

A?ae??ciy?oueny iiaiee na?o oeeo aeaio iiao?a ? ci?noii oeo ne?a, ye?
aiie aeei?enoiaothoue aeey ae?aaeaiiy “aa?oo”: I.Naiaiei noai?th? ia?ace
i?inoi?o ia?aaaaeii ia iniia? o?aaeeoe?eieo cia/aiue, A. Iie?uoe
caaaa/o? cia/aiiy ne?a iaeiia?oeie ciaiiyie i?i anana?o (ia o?eueee
niioea, a ? niioey, ooiaiiino?, aaeaeoeee oa ?i.).

I?ino?? ? a I. Naiaiea, ? o A. Iie?uoea ?ooeeaee, aeeiai?/iee, ui
ia?aaea?oueny ae??neiaaie ?ooo. sse i?aaeei, oe? ae??neiaa aaeeaathoueny
a i?yiiio cia/aii?, iai?yi? cia/aiiy cana?ae/othoueny ia?aaeon?i o
aeiaaeeao, eiee aeey ia?aaeaaaiiy yne?aaeo a?aaeaiue ia i?inoi?ia? yaeua
ia?aiinyoueny iacae iciae, ?oo?a ? noai?a, aeanoeaeo ethaeei? aai aeeaei
?noioai. Ia?aiini? cia/aiiy /ano?oa o?aieythoueny a iiac?yo A. Iie?uoea,
i?ae o a??oao I. Naiaiea. “? ciia aaoi aaneee | Ia?aiaoioa iaia /a?ac
oieiaei? ai?e.”; “A c ae?oaiai — aaea i?nyoeue canoeaeaany,|A a?i
[i?nyoeue] iiaeyioa ? noiaaany,|Cae?eaoenue oia?iei ?oeaaii, ye
ianoooie”; “Ci?y /i?iyaa | ? io/eaie ?iaeaaeie oia?ie | I?eioeeai oae ii
i?ioe?a? i/ea”.

Iaeiae ?oo, ye ? i?ino??, o oai?ao iaio iiao?a iia’ycaiee c ??cieie
neiaaie: o I. Naiaiea ?oo ae?aaea?oueny ia?aaaaeii neiaaie, ui
iaceaathoue ?oo o iaaeea?e i?e?iae?, A. Iie?uoe /anoi ia?aiineoue ia
yaeua iaaeeai? i?e?iaee, ia i?inoi?ia? yaeua ?ooe ? noaie, aeanoea?
ethaeei? aai aeea?e ?noio?. Oea yaeua aeanoeaa iiaoe/iiio iiaeaiith iaio
iiao?a, aea ??ciith i??ith.

E??i oiai, o iiaoe/iiio iiaeaii? A. Iie?uoea a?aeaeaa?oueny ia o?eueee
aaciina?aaeiuei ?oo, ae?aaeaiee ae??neiaaie, a e a?aeiiniee ?oo: ?oo
iiaoiaiai aeooo a aace?ia/iino? aai iinooiiaa ?icoe?aiiy i?inoi?o a?ae
oi/ee aaoi?iaiai niiaeyaeaiiy (ieaiaoa, aaaii, iiao aai eiai iei) /a?ac
e?eueea i?inoi?iaeo oa??a aei aaciaaeiino?: iai?eeeaae, caieiaiee
i?ino?? (aaaii) — aeae?  ?aeee — ooiai —  oia?e — iaai; aai: oieiaeia
ieaiaoa — ca ci?yie — niioeyie — ooiaiieie oi?iaoe?yie — ca a?aiyie
o??e/anoi? eini?/ii? nenoaie). Iiaiiio na?oia? I. Naiaiea oaea aaeeaaiiy
i?inoi?iaeo iaca iaeaea iaaeanoeaa.

Ooaeiaei?e i?ino?? o iiao?a, oai?/?noue yeeo ? i?aaeiaoii aiae?co,
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ia o?eueee eaeneeith ia iicia/aiiy i?inoi?iaeo ?aae?e,
a e iacaaie yaeu, aeanoeaeo oiio /e oiio i?inoi?ia?. Aei ieo iaeaaeaoue
iacae ?ineei, ?noio oa ?o aeanoeainoae: caiao, eie??, caoe.

Iiaia ae?aaeaiiy aeeai? i?e?iaee a ooaeiaeiueiio i?inoi?? iia’ycaia a
ia?oo /a?ao c iacaaie ?ineei. Aeno?aaa?oeaiei oeiii A. Iie?uoea,
iaaooue, iiynith?oueny aaeeaaiiy aaeeei? e?eueeino? ne?a, ui iaceaathoue
?ineeie  —  o?aae, ea?oe, aea?aaa, eou?. Na?aae ieo ? ? o?aaeeoe?ei?
ia?iaeiiiiaoe/i? neiaa (aa?aa, ya??), ? iacae aecioe/ieo ?ineei
(eeia?en, ieaaiae?), ? eaenaie, ui aei iueiai ia iiiaoeciaoaaeenue aai
ae ??aeei aoee i?aaeiaoii iiaoecaoe?? (aoaeye, e?iieaa, eoeueaaaa): “Aea
nei? iaai i?ieieia | Caaia?eee eeia?en no??ieith aieiaith”; “Eyea?oueny
eoeueaaaa e eiithoeia”.

O ?aii?o a??oao A. Iie?uoe ini?ao? naio ?ineeio. C /anii o eiai iiac??
iacae ?ineei noathoue ae?acieeaie iaaii? iciaee (eieuei?o, oi?ie,
caiaoo) ? aeei?enoiaothoueny ia ye i?aaeiao iiaoe/iiai ciaethaaiiy, a ye
ciae ?ioiai yaeua. Oaea naiaioe/ia aano?aaoaaiiy iciaee a?ae iacae
?ineeie iniaeeai /anoi aeyaey?oueny a i?eoiaaieo aai ae?aaeaieo
ii??aiyiiyo (aa?a?ieiaa aeaeeoue, eoeueaaaei? aieiaee oia?). Cia/ia
e?euee?noue iaca ?ineei ? ?o ??ci? anioe?aoeai? ca’ycee na?ae/aoue i?i
oaaao iiaoa aei aeaoaeae, ui ? iciaeith aeno?aaa?oeaiino?.

Iiac?y I. Naiaiea oaae i?noeoue ?yae ne?a aeey iicia/aiiy yaeu
?ineeiiiai na?oo, aea oey eaene/ia a?oia aeineoue iaiaaeaia e?euee?nii ?
ia a?ae?a?a? a eiai oai?ao oaei? ?ie?, ye o A. Iie?uoea. I. Naiaiei
a?aeiia?aeii aei naiai ?io?iaa?oeaiiai oeio a?eueoa noeeueiee aei
ciaethaaiiy e?oiieo aeie?a, oe?eeo ?ineeiieo ianea?a, ui iicia/athoueny
neiaaie e?n, naae, ia?e. Neiaa aae, ae?a?iaa iiao oaeeaa? a ?aii?o
oai?ao, aea aiie iicaaaeai? ?en ?aeee?/iino?. Iacae ?ineei o
aeine?aeaeoaaieo oaenoao iiaoa aaeeaathoueny c??aeea, i?e/iio ia?aaaaa
a?aeaea?oueny aecioeciai.

Neiaa —  iacae ?noio o cia?aaeaii? i?inoi?o iaoa?aeoa?i? aeey iiac??
iaio aaoi??a. Na?aae ieo ia?aaaaeathoue iacae ioao?a, eiiao, ??aeoa
 —  ca???a. Oey a?oia ne?a, ye ? iacae ?ineei, oe?oa i?aaenoaaeaia a
iiac?? A. Iie?uoea, ui iiynith?oueny o??th ae oaaaith aei aeaoae?. Iacae
?noio, ye ? iacae ?ineei, o A. Iie?uoea neoaeaoue ia?aaaaeii caniaii
oa?aeoa?enoeee ?ioeo yaeu o ii??aiyiiyo ? iaoaoi?ao.

Aei iciae, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue i?ino??, iaeaaeeoue oaeiae eie??.
I. Naiaiei ioi/a aaea?oueny aei eieuei?iai? eaeneee, iniaeeai o
ae?aaeaii? ie?aieo yaeu aeaeaeino?aeiiai i?inoi?o. Eaene/ia iae?o?a a
iueiai aeaui iaiaaeaia. O iiac?yo A. Iie?uoea iayai? neiaa, ui
ae?aaeathoue iaeaea an? iiaeeea? o?iiaoe/i? e ao?iiaoe/i? eieuei?e ? ?o
a?aeo?iee, ui iiaeia iiynieoe aeno?aaa?oeaiei ni?eeiaiiyi i?inoi?o c
on?ia aeaoaeyie, ?c aeeoo??aae?niei ni?eeiaiiyi na?oo: AEiaoee a?ne
iaiiyoue | Neueice iaaeia??…”; “Caeaiei iooii aeeoa e?n…”; “*a?aii?
yaiaee ia niioe? aae eeniyoue…”; “Noai neciiieeieiaee…”, “Eiee
oea???iueea? a eiino?oeoe?yo a?eie | Ii?eayiei nyeaii ue?a niioea”.

Aiaeia?/iee aeniiaie iiaeia c?iaeoe e uiaei iaei?aoeaii? eaeneee. O
iiac?? A. Iie?uoea cia/iee neiii?i?/iee ?yae, ui ae?aaea? iiiyooy
“caiao” (caiao, iaoiu?, aeoo), ?yae ne?a ? neiainiieo/aiue ia?aaea?
aiaiaoe?th caiaoo (iaoia, iineoue caiao, noi?oue caiao, ianeaoe aeoo)
“Niieenoee niiyoieea aeoo…”; “A niioea ?c ninai oaeee ianeaei aeoo…”

Aeoaea /anoi aaea?oueny iiao aei ae?aaeaiiy caiaoo /a?ac ii??aiyiiy ?c
caiaoii ?ineei, cie?aia ea?o?a.

Neiaa, ui iicia/athoue caiao, iaioith i??ith oa?aeoa?i? aeey iiac??
I. Naiaiea.

I?ino?? iaio iiao?a niiaiaiee caoe?a. Ia ?o iicia/aiiy aaeeaathoueny
ae??neiaa, ui iicia/athoue caoee. Oea ? ??ci? ae??neiaa, e ?iaiieee,
ooai?ai? a?ae oaeeo ae??ne?a, e a?aeae??ne?ai? ?iaiieee, iienia?
eiino?oeoe?? aeey ae?aaeaiiy ni?eeiaiiy caoe?a. Caoee i?e?iaee, cie?aia
aeaeaeino?aeii?, o I. Naiaiea a?eueo niie?ei?, ia?ao?ae a i?ino?? i?noa
noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny ? ci?iaie caoe?a – aiie noathoue a?eueo ??ceeie:
“Aee?oaa ia aoeeoeth oiaoeaie oooei?ooee iioi?.”; “I?noi ?iceeaea?
cae?ci? aei?aee.”

Aeey ae?aaeaiiy caoe?a I. Naiaiei oe?iei iineoaiao?oueny caoeiienii.

O A. Iie?uoea iaia? oaeeo ??ceeo ia?aoiae?a o caoeiaiio ae?aaeaii?
i?inoi?o, iaa?oue caoee i?noa a iueiai i?eoeoieai? e ia oae? ??ce?, ye
oea niinoa??aa?oueny o I. Naiaiea.

Iaeaeaa iiaoe ethaeee ioceeo, oiio /eiaei iiaoe/ieo ?yaee?a iia’ycaii a
ieo c ioce/ieie oa?i?iaie (iniaeeai a I. Naiaiea), iacaaie ioce/ieo
oai??a, iaeiae?e, ?ino?oiaio?a (i?eano?, no?ie, a?iaaeae?i, neioii?y
oiui).

O Aeniiaeao i?aee?aneth?oueny, ui aeaa iiaoe iaei??? aaia?aoe?? ?
aeecueeiai ooaeiaeiueiai ni?yioaaiiy noai?ththoue aeaa iii?oii
a?aei?iieo ooaeiaei?o i?inoi?e, a yeeo a?aeaeaa?oueny ?o iniaenoee
iiaiee ia?ac na?oo. Oe? a?aei?iiino? coiiaeai? ia o?eueee ciai?oi?ie
oaeoi?aie, a e iniaeno?nieie, ineo?/ieie ?enaie, cie?aia iaeaaei?noth
iiao?a aei ??cieo ineo?/ieo oei?a.

A ?io?iaa?oaoiea?eea I. Naiaiea ooaeiaei?e i?ino?? caieiaiee ? ii??aiyii
noaoe/iee, ui ciaoiaeeoue a?aeia?aaeaiiy a eaeneoe?. Oethaeaiee i?ino??
iiaoa — i?noi, yea a?i iiaoeco? a on?o eiai i?ica?/ieo aeaoaeyo. O
aeaaeeainoioeueeee ia??iae oai?/ino? eiai iiac?? iaiiaiai? eaeneeith ia
iicia/aiiy i?inoi?iaeo ?aae?e Aeaeaeiai Noiaeo. I. Naiaiei cia?aaeo?
ie?ai? /anoeie i?inoi?o ia?aaaaeii e?oiieie aeieaie, ui aeyaey?oueny a
naiaioeoe? a?aeiia?aeieo eaenai.

O oai?ao aeno?aaa?oaoiea?eea A. Iie?uoea ooaeiaei?e i?ino?? ?ic?ieiaiee,
a?aee?eoee aei aace?ia/iino? a iae?i- ? i?e?ieini?, ui ae?aaea?oueny o
a?aeiia?aei?e eaeneoe?. Eiai iiaoe/iee neiaiee aaaaooee ?
??ciiiai?oi?oee, i?ae o I. Naiaiea, cie?aia cia/io oaaao A. Iie?uoe
i?eae?ey? eaenaiai ia iicia/aiiy aeaoaeae i?inoi?o. Cia/aiiy ne?a
caaaeyee eaene/iiio ioi/aiith oneeaaeith?oueny aeiaeaoeiaeie naiaie,
a?eueo a?ae/ooiei o ieo noa? aeaiioaoeaiee eiiiiiaio.

Iacaaaeath/e ia neeaaei?noue oai?/iai oeyoo e iiaii-noee?noe/ieo
iiooe?a, ia ??ci? ioe?iee ?o aei?iaeo, ae?yeuei?noue I. Naiaiea ?
A. Iie?uoea iaea cia/iee aieea ia ?icaeoie oe?a?inueei? iiac?? e
iiaoe/iiai iiaeaiiy. ?o aeina?ae a?aeaoeioany o oai?/ino? ianooiieo
iieie?iue oe?a?inueeeo iiao?a, cie?aia o?noaeanyoiee?a.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeai? a oaeeo ioae?eaoe?yo:

1. Nei?aa/ O.A. Iiaiee ia?ac o?aaeeoe?eiiai i?inoi?o a iiac?? I. Naiaiea
// Iaoeia? caienee OAeIO ?i A.N. Neiai?iaee.—Na??y
e?oa?aoo?iciaanoai.—Aei. 7(18)—Oa?e?a.—1998.—N.64-67.

2. Nei?aa/ O.A. Iiai? iniaeeaino? ae?aaeaiiy ooaeiaeiueiai i?inoi?o a
iiac?? A. Iie?uoea — Iiaiciaa/a oa e?oa?aoo?iciaa/a i?iaeaie. // Caniae
iaa/aeueii? oa iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe. Ca. iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. Aeione
5.—Oa?e?a.—1998.—N.147-151.

3. Nei?aa/ O.A. Ooaeiaei?e i?ino?? o iiai?e ea?oei? na?oo A. Iie?uoea.
// E?iaa?noe/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoeiaee a?niee.—Aeione 3.—Oa?e?a:
OAeIO.—1997.—N.53-62.

4. Nei?aa/ O.A. Ii??aiyiiy a iiac?? Aaea?’yia Iie?uoea. // E?iaa?noe/i?
aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoeiaee a?niee.—Aeione 3.—Oa?e?a: OAeIO.—1997.—N.30-33.

5. Nei?aa/ O.A. Iiaia ae?aaeaiiy aei??o /ano o oai?/ino? Aaea?’yia
Iie?uoea. // Iaoeia? caienee OAeIO ?i A.N. Neiai?iaee.—Na??y
e?oa?aoo?iciaanoai.—Aei. 4(9)—Oa?e?a.—1997.—N.43-51.

6. Nei?aa/ O.A. Iiaia ae?aaeaiiy aeaeaeino?aeiiai i?inoi?o a iiac??
I. Naiaiea // Iaoeia? caienee OAeIO ?i A.N. Neiai?iaee.—Na??y
e?oa?aoo?iciaanoai.—Aei. 7(18)—Oa?e?a.—1998.—N.68-76.

7. Nei?aa/ O.A. Iiai? caniae ae?aaeaiiy i?inoi?o a iiac?? A. Iie?uoea//
Ooieoeeiiaeueiue aniaeo naiaioeee ycueiauo aaeeieoe. Iaoa?eaeu VIII
iaaeaeoia?iaeiie iao/iie eiioa?aioeee ii aeooaeueiui i?iaeaiai
naiaioe/aneeo enneaaeiaaiee. /. II. — Oa?ueeia: OAIO. —1997.—N.8184.

AIIOAOe??

Nei?aa/ Oaoyia Aanee?aia. Iiaiee ia?ac i?inoi?o a oai?ao I. Naiaiea ? A.
Iie?uoea. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
o?eieia?/ieo iaoe ?c niaoe?aeueiino? 10.02.01 — oe?a?inueea
iiaa. — Oa?e?a. Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i.
A.N. Neiai?iaee. — 1999. — ?oeiien. — 161 n.

Aeena?oaoe?y caoeua?oueny a Oa?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio iaaeaaia?/iiio
oi?aa?neoao? ?i. A.N. Neiai?iaee a 1999 ?.

O aeena?oaoe?? aiae?cothoueny iiai? caniae ae?aaeaiiy ooaeiaeiueiai
i?inoi?o a iiac?? aeaio aeaeaoieo oe?a?inueeeo iiao?a 20-o — 30-o ?ie?a
OO no. — I. Naiaiea ? A. Iie?uoea. I?iaiaeeoueny c?noaaeaiiy no?oeoo?e
ooaeiaeiueiai i?inoi?o a ?o iiac?yo o ca’yceo c eaeneei-naiaioe/ieie
caniaaie ae?aaeaiiy ?aeee?/iiai, ?aae?noe/iiai, i?nueeiai i?inoi?o ?
??cieo yaeu, ui aecia/athoue eiai. ?icaeyaeathoueny ieoaiiy i?i
o?aaeeoe?? e iiaaoi?noai, aeeiai?eo ?icaeoeo iiaiiai ia?aco na?oo a
eiaeiiai iiaoa. Ii??aith?oueny iiaiee na?o aeaio iiao?a ? ?iaeoueny
ni?iaa anoaiiaeoe caeaaei?noue ooaeiaeiueiai i?inoi?o e iiaieo cania?a
eiai ae?aaeaiiy a?ae ineoieia?/iiai oeio ieooey.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ea?oeia na?oo, iiaiee ia?ac na?oo, i?ino??, iiaiee ia?ac
i?inoi?o, i?ino?? “ieco”, i?ino?? “aa?oo”, ineoieia?/iee oei.

Nei?aa/ Oaoueyia Aaneeueaaia. sscueiaay ea?oeia i?ino?ainoaa a iiycee I.
Naiaiei e A. Iieeuoea. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/?iie noaiaie
eaiaeeaeaoa oeeieiae/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 10.02.01 — oe?aeineee
ycue. — Oa?ueeia. Oa?ueeianeee ainoaea?noaaiiue iaaeaaiae/aneee
oieaa?neoao ei. A.N. Neiai?iaeu. — 1999. — ?oeiienue. — 161 n.

Aeenna?oaoeey caueuaaony a Oa?ueeianeii ainoaea?noaaiiii iaaeaaiae/aneii
oieaa?neoaoa ei. A.N. Neiai?iaeu.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia oai?/anoao aeaoo e?oiiuo oe?aeineeo iiyoia
20o — 30-o aiaeia OO a. — I. Naiaiei e A. Iieeuoea, eioi?ua ieacuaaee
caiaoiia aeeyiea ia eeoa?aoo?iue i?ioeann a Oe?aeia e ia ?acaeoea
oe?aeineiai eeoa?aoo?iiai ycuea. Eo oai?/anoai aeeeoaeueiia a?aiy auei
iaaeinooiii /eoaoaeyi e ia yaeyeinue i?aaeiaoii enneaaeiaaiey. A
iineaaeiea aiaeu iiyaeythony ioaeaeueiua noaouee eeoa?aoo?iaaae/aneiai
oa?aeoa?a, ycue yoeo ienaoaeae ia aue i?aaeiaoii ioaeaeueiiai
enneaaeiaaiey.

Eco/aiea iinoaaeaiiie i?iaeaiu iineoaeeo aieaa iieiie oa?aeoa?enoeea
ooaeiaeanoaaiiuo e ycueiauo eneaiee a oe?aeineie eeoa?aoo?a ia?aie
iieiaeiu OO a. a nayce n ?a/aaie i?aeoeeie aeaoo e?oiiuo iiyoia.

A ?aaioa aeaeaaony iiiuoea ni/aoaoue aiaeec ycuea n aiaeecii iiyoe/aneie
no?oeoo?u i?iecaaaeaiee, a /anoiinoe n oa?aeoa?enoeeie iniaaiiinoae
ycueiaiai au?aaeaiey ooaeiaeanoaaiiiai i?ino?ainoaa, /oi aea?o
aiciiaeiinoue eiiieaeniiai enneaaeiaaiey i?iaeaiu.

I. Naiaiei e A. Iieeuoe eiatho iiiai iauaai a nioeeaeueiuo e
eoeueoo?ii-enoi?e/aneeo oneiaeyo oi?ie?iaaiey ee/iinoe. Oai eioa?aniaa
auyaeoue noiaenoaa e ?acee/ey a eo oai?/anoaa e i?e/eiu ?acee/ee.

Oai?/anoai I. Naiaiei e A. Iieeuoea iaiaauaei oe?aeineoth iiyceth iiauie
ooaeiaeanoaaiiuie n?aaenoaaie, eeoa?aoo?iue ycue — iiauie neiaaie,
naycaiiuie n eciaiaieai iauanoaaiii-iieeoe/aneeo e
eoeueoo?ii-enoi?e/aneeo oneiaee (iaoea, oaoieea, eneonnoai, ai?iaeneay
eio?ano?oeoo?a e o.i.)

A ?aaioa aiaeece?oaony ?acaeoea ooaeiaeanoaaiiiai i?ino?ainoaa e ?a/aauo
n?aaenoa aai au?aaeaiey io ?aiieo iiae?aaeaoaeueiuo i?iecaaaeaiee n eo
eaeeeee/aneei i?aaenoaaeaieai iiyoe/aneiai ie?a e o?aaeeoeeiiiuie
eaene/aneeie n?aaenoaaie au?aaeaiey e aieaa c?aeui e i?eaeiaeueiui a
ooaeiaeanoaaiiii ioiioaiee noeoioai?aieyi.

?a/aaua n?aaenoaa au?aaeaiey ?anniao?eaathony a nayce ni no?oeoo?ie
ooaeiaeanoaaiiiai i?ino?ainoaa — “aa?o”, “iec”, “aa?oeeaeueiia” e
“ai?eciioaeueiia” i?ino?ainoai, aai ioe?uoinoue e ia?aie/aiiinoue,
i?e?iaea a i?ino?ainoaa (iaeiaiiaaiey ?anoaiee, aeeaioiuo, oeaaoa,
caiaoa, aeaeaeaiey a i?ino?ainoaa e ae?.)

Onoaiaaeeaathony ?acee/ey a oai?/anoaa I. Naiaiei e A. Iieeuoea a
naiaioe/aneii iaiieiaiee cia/aiee ioaeaeueiuo neia, a /anoioa
oiio?aaeaiey neia ioaeaeueiuo eaene/aneeo a?oii (?anoaiey, caiao,
oeaao), a iniaaiiinoyo aini?eyoey i?ino?ainoaa (ia?aie/aiiia o I.
Naiaiei, aaca?aie/iia o A. Iieeuoea).

A aeenna?oaoeee i?aaei?eieiaaony iaeia ec ia?auo iiiuoie niioianoe
ooaeiaeanoaaiiua e ?a/aaua iniaaiiinoe iiyoia n eo ineoieiae/aneeie
oa?aeoa?enoeeaie — ineoieiae/aneei oeiii (yeno?aaa?oeaiue eee
eio?iaa?oeaiue) e oaiia?aiaioii. Eio?iaa?o Naiaiei ecia?aaeaao
i?ino?ainoai i?aeiouanoaaiii a ia?aie/aiiuo i?aaeaeao, yeno?aaa?o
Iieeuoe — i?ino?ainoai aani?aaeaeueiia. I. Naiaiei ecia?aaeaao
i?aeiouanoaaiii e?oiiua aeiee a i?ino?ainoaa, A. Iieeuoe, i?e no?aieaiee
e anaioaaoiinoe, aieueoia aieiaiea oaeaeyao aeaoaeyi, aneaaenoaea /aai
eaeneea, iaicia/athuay ?anoaiey, oeaaoa, caiaoe a aai i?iecaaaeaieyo
aiaa/a. Iuoeaiea I. Naiaiei oyaioaao e iaiau?iiiio ia?aco, aneaaenoaea
/aai ia ia?aue ieai auaeaeaaaony iiiyoeeiue eiiiiiaio eaene/aneiai
cia/aiey, a a noeoioai?aieyo A. Iieeuoea iuooei e i?aaeiaoiue eiiiiiaio.

O?aaeeoeeiiiua i?ino?ainoaaiiua ?aaeee e iiyoe/aneay eaeneea a
i?iecaaaeaieyo I. Naiaiei iinoaiaiii onooieee ianoi o?aaienoe/aneei. A
i?iecaaaeaieyo A. Iieeuoea iie eciaiytho naith ooieoeeth:
niioaaonoaothuea neiaa aunooiatho eae n?aaenoai ooaeiaeanoaaiiiai
ecia?aaeaiey a n?aaiaieyo, iaoaoi?ao e ae?.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ea?oeia ie?a, ycueiaue ia?ac ie?a, i?ino?ainoai,
ycueiaue ia?ac i?ino?ainoaa, i?ino?ainoai “ieca”, i?ino?ainoai “aa?oa”,
ineoieiae/aneee oei.

Skorbatch Tatjana Vasiljevna. A Language Picture of Space In Poetry of
I. Semenko and V. Polishchuk. Thesis on competition of the scientific
degree candidate of philological sciences on a specialty
10.02.01 — Ukrainian language. — Kharkov. The Kharkov state pedagogical
university by G.S. Skovoroda. — 1999. —  Manuscript. — 161 p.

The thesis is protected at the Kharkov state pedagogical university by
G.S. Skovoroda.

In a thesis the language ways of expression of art space in poetry of
two produced Ukrainian poets 20-th — 30-th years OO centuries — I.
Semenko and V. Polishchuk are analysed. The comparison of structure of
art space in their products will be carried out in connection with
lexical and semantic ways of expression of idyllic, realistic, urban
space and different phenomena that determine it. The question on
traditions and innovation, dynamics of development of a language image
of the world at each poet is examined. The language world of two poets
is compared and the attempt is made to install dependence of art space
and language ways of its expression from a psychological type of the
artist.

Key words: a picture of the world, language image of the world, space,
language image of space, space of “bottom”, space of “top”,
psychological type.

Похожие записи