2

— 1 —

IIC Oe?a?ie

ee?anueea iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y

i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i. i.e.ooieea

O?ai/oe Aaeaioei Aaneeueiae/

OAeE 616.12-036.88:616.13-004.6-071.3]-079.6

II?OIIAO?E*I? IIEACIEEE NA?Oess I?E IAAE?E

NIA?O? A?Ae AOA?INEEA?ICO EI?IIA?IEO NOAeEI OA ?O NOAeIAI-IAAeE*IA
CIA*AIIss

14.01.25 – noaeiaa iaaeeoeeia

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie. Iaaea (?aioiaa) nia?oue oa ?? iiia?aaeaeaiiy ?
iaei??th c iaeaaaeeea?oeo i?iaeai no/anii? iaaeeoeeie, ine?eueee oaea
nia?oue ia? oaiaeaioe?th aei iaaieiiiai c?inoaiiy, caae?ath/e aeeooy o
ethaeae iaea?eueo i?aoeacaeaoiiai a?eo, i?ecaiaeeoue aei cia/ieo
aeiiii?/ieo ao?ao oa cia/ii iia??oo? nioe?aeueii-aeaiia?ao?/io
neooaoe?th a noni?euenoa? (O.TH.Iaea?aae/, 1997). Iniiaiith i?e/eiith
?aioiai? nia?o? ? caoai?thaaiiy na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie, 75 % — 90 %
c yeeo neeaaea? ?oai?/ia oai?iaa na?oey oa aoa?ineea?ic (A.A.Aia?ia,
A.A.Eaieineee, 1994; F.G.Dunn et al., 1996).

Iiaeaeueoa oi?o?eaoe?y ieoaiue ee?i?/ii? oa ii?oieia?/ii? ae?aaiinoeee
?oai?/ii? oai?iae na?oey, nenoaiaoecaoe?y ? aiae?c iaoa??ae?a, iiaeii?
caaacia/eoe iaeiie/aiiy ia’?eoeaii? ?ioi?iaoe??, ia iniia? yei? iiaeia
?ic?iaeoe a?eueo aeineiiae? iaoiaee i?io?eaeoeee, ae?aaiinoeee oa
e?eoaaiiy na?oeaai-noaeeiieo caoai?thaaiue. Aei e?ioey ia aea/aiee
iaoiii?oiaaiac oai?ia na?oey aeiaaa? oe?ieiai canoinoaaiiy
ii?oiiao?e/ieo iaoiae?a, ye? aeaee a ciiao ia o?eueee e?euee?nii
ioe?ieoe no?oeoo?i? ci?ie a i?iea?ae?, aea e aaeaeaaoii oa eia?/ii
iiynieoe ?o (A.A.Oeeieaieiaa, I.I.Aane?iaiiaa, 1993).

?aioiaa nia?oue a?ae aino?i? ei?iia?ii? iaaeinoaoiino? o in?a c “i?ieie”
oi?iaie ?oai?/ii? oai?iae na?oey iiaea aeieeiooe a aoaeue-ye?e oac?
caoai?thaaiiy, ?iiae? – o i?aeoe/ii caei?iaeo in?a. A?aeiii, ui
eaoaeuei?noue a oeeo aeiaaeeao ? iane?aeeii c?eao aaeaioaoe??
ei?iia?iiai e?iaiia?ao ? e?iaiiinoa/aiiy i?iea?aea o a?aeiia?aeue ia
eiiieaen iaaecae/aeieo oa iaaeaaii?e?iieo aioo??oi?o ? ciai?oi?o ae?e.
Caaaeaiiy aenia?oa i?e oeueiio ? aeyaeaiiy ? anoaiiaeaiiy aeaieo, ye?
na?ae/aoue i?i c?ea no?oeoo?iiai aiiainoaco na?oeaaiai i’yca.

Iaaaaeaia aeiaaa? iiai?oa ? oe?oa oyaeyoe ae?aaeai?noue oa
iai?aaeai?noue eiiiainaoi?ieo i?ioean?a a oeeo iaoieia?/ieo oiiaao,
aecia/aoe aeai? i?i iayai?noue, nooi?iue oa aca?iia?aeiioaiiy i?ae
no?oeoo?ieie ci?iaie /anoei na?oey, ia?aaoaeiao ?o i?e eiiiainaoe??,
noa- oa aeaeiiiainaoe??. Aeeaiea ?icoi?iiy iaoai?ci?a eiiiainaoe?? oa
aeaeiiiainaoe?? o?aaeaiiai i?iea?aea, aecia/aiiy a?aeiia?aeiiai
noa?aieiiieaeno, yeee aeicaieea ae c aenieei nooiaiai a??ia?aeiino?
na?ae/eoe i?e ooieoe?iiaeuei? iiaeeeaino? /anoei na?oey, ia? aaeeea
cia/aiiy aeey ee?i?ee.

Iaea?eueo oi/io oa aaeaeaaoio ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i i?ioeane, ui
a?aeaoaathoueny a o?aaeaiiio na?oe? i?e aoa?ineea?ic? ei?iia?ieo
noaeei, iiaea aeaoe e?euee?niee ii?oieia?/iee aiae?c, yeee ua
iaaeinoaoiuei aeei?enoiao?oueny a naeoe?ei?e i?aeoeoe? (A.A.Aaoaiaeeeia,
1987). Iaoiii?oieia?/i? ci?ie na?oey i?e aoa?ineea?ic? aei e?ioey ua
iaaea/ai?.

Iaaaaeaia, a oaeiae ca?eueoaiiy /enea aeiaaee?a nia?o? a?ae
aoa?i-neea?ioe/iiai o?aaeaiiy noaeei a oaia??oi?e /an na?ae/aoue i?i
aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy, ine?eueee a?eueo aeaoaeueia oa
aeeaiea ciaiiy caeiiii??iinoae ii?oiaaiaco oai?iaeeai ci?iaiiai na?oey
aeanoue ciiao aecia/eoe iaea?eueo aoaeoeai? ae?aaiinoe/i? iaoiaee, ye?
aeicaieyoue aenia?oo ia ?icoei? iaea?eueo iiaii ioe?ieoe aaee/eio
ii?oiooieoe?iiaeueieo iioeiaeaeaiue i?iea?aea, eiai nei?ioeeaeo
aeaiaio?a oa oeyo?a i?e?ioee?eoeyoe??, ui ni?eyoeia i?aeaeuaiith yeino?
iinia?oii? ae?aaiinoeee i?e/eie nia?o? o aeiaaeeao ianoaiiy ?? ?aioiai
(iaaei).

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?y ?
o?aaiaioii ieaiiai? iaoeiai? ?iaioe Oa?iii?euenueei? aea?aeaaii?
iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? ?i. ?. Ai?aa/aanueeiai “Iioei?caoe?y aaiiaeeiai?ee ?
ieenii-a?aeiiaieo i?ioean?a ?ia?a?oi?aie aia?ioaiceiia?aoai?thth/iai
oaeoi?a ? aaeaioiaaiaie o oai?eo ia o?ii?/io iaaeinoaoi?noue e?iaiia?ao
c aeeoociith iaoieia??th i?iea?aea”, oeo? oaie ?E-97, iiia?
aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 0193V023939.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy – iniaeeaino?
ii?oieia?/ieo ci?i a i?iea?ae? oa ii?oiiao?e/ieo iieaciee?a na?oey o
?aioiai iiia?eeo in?a a?ae aoa?ineea?ico ei?iia?ieo noaeei, ?ic?iaeaiiy
oa iaa?oiooaaiiy eiie?aoieo aenia?oieo ea?ae?iiao?e/ieo e?eoa???a aeey
iie?auaiiy ae?aaiinoeee iaaei? na?oeaai? nia?o?.

O a?aeiia?aeiino? c oeei aoee iinoaaeai? ianooii? caaaeaiiy
aeine?aeaeaiiy:

1.I?iaiae?coaaoe no?oeoo?o, i?e/eie iaaei? nia?o? a Oa?iii?euenuee?e
iaeano? ia no/aniiio aoai? (1995 – 1997 ??.).

2.Aea/eoe ii?oiiao?e/i? ia?aiao?e an?o /anoei caei?iaiai na?oey a ??cieo
a?eiaeo a?oiao.

3.Aeine?aeeoe e?euee?ni? iaoiii?oieia?/i? ci?ie na?oey ?aioiai iiia?eeo
a?ae aoa?ineea?ico ei?iia?ieo noaeei (ia ee?oeiiiio, oeaieiiiio oa
i?aaiiiio ??aiyo). Nenoaiaoecoaaoe oa ocaaaeueieoe ca aeiiiiiaith
ii?oieia?/ieo, ea?ae?iiao?e/ieo, ?ioiioethi?anoeaioiiai iaoiae?a
iaoiii?oieia?/i? ci?ie a?aeae?e?a i?iea?aea i?e iaae?e na?oeaa?e nia?o?.

4.Aeyaeoe oa iaa?oiooaaoe eiie?aoi? aenia?oi? ea?ae?iiao?e/i? e?eoa???,
ye? ni?eyoeiooue iie?auaiith ae?aaiinoeee i?e/ei ?aioiai? nia?o? a?ae
aoa?ineea?ico ei?iia?ieo noaeei na?oey.

5.Anoaiiaeoe ?ioi?iaoeai?noue oa ae?aaiinoe/io oe?ii?noue iaoiae?a
ae?aaiinoeee iaoieia?/ieo ci?i i?iea?aea aeey iie?auaiiy aeinoia??iino?
aenia?oieo aeniiae?a.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe iieyaa?
a oiio, ui a i?e aia?oa i?aaenoaaeaia eiiieaenia ii?oiiao?e/ia
oa?aeoa?enoeea an?o /anoei iao?aaeaiiai (caei?iaiai) na?oey o a?eiaiio
aniaeo?, e?euee?ni? e?eoa??? yei? aena?oeai? ia i?aaiiiio, oeaieiiiio ?
ee?oeiiiio ??aiyo no?oeoo?ii? i?aai?caoe?? aeine?aeaeoaaiiai i?aaia. A
?acoeueoao? aeeiiaii? ?iaioe ia cia/iiio naeoe?eiiio iaoa??ae? aia?oa
anoaiiaeaii, ui iaeaeinoia??i?oo e?euee?nio ioe?ieo a?aeae?e?a
iao?aaeaiiai ? o?aaeaiiai na?oey iiaeia iaea?aeaoe i?e eiiieaeniiio
ii?oiiao?e/iiio aeine?aeaeaii?, yea oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ii?aeiaiiyi ??cieo
a?iiao?e/ieo iieaciee?a.

I?iaaaeaiee aiae?c aaaaoueio ii?oiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao??a aeaa ciiao
anoaiiaeoe eiie?aoi? ea?ae?iiao?e/i? aeeoa?aioe?aeueii-ae?aaiinoe/i?
e?eoa??? iniaeeainoae ia?aaoaeiae an?o /anoei na?oeaaiai i’yca i?e
aoa?ineea?ic? ei?iia?ieo noaeei.

Aea/aia aa??aaaeuei?noue ianiiao?e/ieo, i?inoi?iaeo iieaciee?a oa
no?iiaeueii-ia?aio?iaoicieo aeaiaio?a o?aaeaiiai oa iao?aaeaiiai na?oey,
iniaeeainoae eiai e?iaiiinoa/aiiy, a noeoiiino? c ?ioeie, oeacaieie
aeua aeaieie, aeaee ciiao aeeaoa oa a?oioiai?oa ?ice?eoe iaoai?cie
eiiiainaoe??, noa- oa aeaeiiiainaoe?? na?oeaaiai i’yca a iaoieia?/ieo
oiiaao, iia’ycaieo c o?eaaeith ?oai??th na?oey, aeeeeeaiith ei?iia?iei
aoa?ineea?icii.

Aia?oa ia cia/iiio naeoe?eiiio iaoa??ae? ocaaaeueiaii cia/aiiy
ii?oiiao?e/ieo iieaciee?a na?oey aeey iie?auaiiy noaeiai-iaaee/ii?
ae?aaiinoeee i?e/ei nia?o? ? oaiaoiaaiaco i?e iaae?e na?oeaa?e nia?o?.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaea?aeai? ii?oiiao?e/i?
iieacieee na?oey ye a ii?i?, oae ? i?e aoa?ineea?ic? ei?iia?ieo noaeei,
aeathoue ciiao i?aeoe/iiio aenia?oo a?eueo ia’?eoeaii ioe?ithaaoe
iayai?noue /e a?aenooi?noue iaoiii?oieia?/ieo ci?i a na?oe?, nooi?iue ?o
eiiiainiaaiino?, aeeaoa ?icoi?oe ii?oiooieoe?iiaeuei? iniaeeaino?
no?oeoo?ii? ia?aaoaeiae na?oeaaiai i’yca i?e aoa?ineea?ioe/iiio
ei?iia?ineea?ic?, ui aeicaiey? e?aua oyaeyoe i?e/eiii-iane?aeeia?
ca’ycee i?e iaae?e na?oeaa?e nia?o? ? a?eueo oi/i?oa oa a?oioiai?oa
oi?ioethaaoe aenia?oi? aeniiaee.

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe ai?iaaaeaeai? a i?aeoe/io aenia?oio ?iaioo
Oa?iii?euenueeiai iaeaniiai ath?i noaeiai-iaaee/ii? aenia?oece oa a
iaa/aeueiee

i?ioean eaoaae?: noaeiai? iaaeeoeeie Iaoe?iiaeueiiai Iaaee/iiai
Oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I. I. Aiaiiieueoey, noaeiai? iaaeeoeeie c
iniiaaie i?aaa ? iaoieia?/ii? aiaoii?? Iaaee/iiai ?inoeoooo Oe?a?inueei?
Anioe?aoe?? Ia?iaeii? Iaaeeoeeie, iaoieia?/ii? aiaoii?? c eo?nii
noaeiai? iaaeeoeeie Oa?iii?euenueei? aea?aeaaii? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? ?i.
?. Ai?aa/aanueeiai.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Iaoeiaee iiooe e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae,
aiae?c, ocaaaeueiaiiy ? noaoenoe/ia ia?iaea ?acoeueoao?a, ?o ioe?iea oa
aeniiaee aeena?oaoe?? iaeaaeaoue aaoi?o. A?eueo?noue ii?oiiao?e/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue i?iaaaeaia i?ae ea??aieoeoaii oa ca ni?eyiiyi aeieoi?a
iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?a Aiaothea I.N., ca ui aeneiaeth?ii eiio
aeeaieo iiaeyeo. A iaoeiaeo i?aoeyo ii oai? aeena?oaoe?? iniaenoee
aianie caeiaoaa/a noaiiaeoue a?ae 50 % aei 90 %.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe??
aeiiia?aeaeenue ? iaaiai?thaaeenue ia I-io I?aeia?iaeiiio eiia?an? c
?ioaa?aoeaii? aio?iiieia?? (Oa?iii?eue, 1995), ?-io I?aeia?iaeiiio
eiia?an? nooaeaio?a ? iieiaeeo a/aieo (Oa?iii?eue, 1997), I?aeia?iaei?e
eiioa?aioe?? “Aeooaeuei? ieoaiiy ii?oieia??”, i?enay/ai?e iai’yo? i?io.
N.A.Nii?uea (Oa?iii?eue, 1996), iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe??, i?enay/ai?e
iai’yo? i?io. TH.N.Naiiaeieeiaa (Ee?a, 1997), i?aenoieiaeo iaoeiaeo
eiioa?aioe?yo Oa?iii?euenueei? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? ?i. ?.Ai?aa/aanueeiai
(Oa?iii?eue, 1996 -1998). Ai?iaaoe?y aeena?oaoe?? i?iaaaeaia 17 /a?aiy
1998 ?. ia ni?eueiiio can?aeaii? eaoaae? iaoieia?/ii? aiaoii?? c eo?nii
noaeiai? iaaeeoeeie, aiaoii?? ethaeeie, iaoieia?/ii? o?c?ieia??,
iia?aoeaii? o??o?a??, oeaio?aeueii? iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? eaai?aoi???
Oa?iii?euenueei? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? ?i. ?.Ai?aa/aanueeiai oa
Oa?iii?euenueeiai iaeaniiai ath?i noaeiai-iaaee/ii? aenia?oece.

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 12 iaoeiaeo
i?aoeue (c ieo 3 – a oaoiaeo iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao, 2 – a ca??ieeao
iaoeiaeo i?aoeue i?aeia?iaeieo eiia?an?a, 7 – a iaoa??aeao ? oacao
iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?e), aeaeaii 1 eaeoe?th aeey nooaeaio?a, iiaeaii 1
?aoe?iiae?caoi?nueeo i?iiiceoe?th. Naiino?eii iioae?eiaaii 6 iaoeiaeo
i?aoeue, c ieo 3 o oaoiaeo aeo?iaeao.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c
anooio, iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e, iaeiiai ?icae?eo, i?enay/aiiai iaoa??aeai oa
iaoiaeai aeine?aeaeaiiy, o?ueio ?icae?e?a aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue,
iaaiai?aiiy ?acoeueoao?a, aeniiae?a ? i?iiiceoe?e oa nieneo
aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e.

Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia 146 noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo,
?ethno?iaaieo 32 iaethieaie, 11 oaaeeoeyie. Nienie aeei?enoaii?
e?oa?aoo?e aeeth/a? 130 aeaea?ae a?o/eciyieo ? e?a?i NIAe oa 74
aeaea?aea ?iicaiieo aaoi??a (c ieo 46 aiaeiiiaieo, 12 i?iaoeueeeo, 2
iieuenueeeo, 2 /anueeeo, ?aooa – oai?nuee?, ?niainuee?, ?oae?enuee?,
iaeneeainuee?, neiaaoeuee? ? ?io?).

Iniiaiee ci?no ?iaioe

A ia?oiio ?icae?e? i?iaaaeaii iaeyae no/anii? a?o/eciyii? oa ca?oa?aeii?
e?oa?aoo?e uiaei ao?iiaoiaaiaco ? ii?oieia?/ieo ci?i na?oey i?e ?aioia?e
ei?iia?i?e nia?o? oa e?euee?nieo (ii?oiiao?e/ieo) iaoiae?a, ye?
canoiniaothoueny i?e iinia?oiiio aeine?aeaeaii? na?oey. Aecia/aii
nooi?noue oeeo ieoaiue, iaiao?aei?noue oa ia?niaeoeae ?o ae??oaiiy.

Ae?oaee ?icae?e i?enay/aiee iaoa??aeai ? iaoiaeai aeine?aeaeaiiy. ?iaioa
aeeiiaia ia a?o?aiiio iaoa??ae? Oa?iii?euenueeiai iaeaniiai ath?i
noaeiai-iaaee/ii? aenia?oece ca 1995-1997 ?iee (aea/aii 930 aeo?a
aeine?aeaeaiue o?oi?a in?a, ye? iiia?ee ca aeacaiee ia??iae iaaei) oa ia
aeaniiio naeoe?eiiio iaoa??ae?.

Aeaniee naeoe?eiee iaoa??ae noaiiaeyoue 210 na?aeaoeue c o?oi?a ethaeae
??ciiai a?eo (a?ae 21 ?ieo aei 73 ?ie?a), 130 c yeeo iiia?ee iaaei a?ae
aoa?ineea?ico ei?iia?ieo noaeei ??cii? ?ioaineaiino?. Na?aae ieo aoei
115 (83,3 %) /ieia?e?a ? 23 (16,7 %) ae?iee. A eiio?ieueio a?oio
a?aeianee 72 na?oey in?a (55 /ieia?e?a ? 17 ae?iie) oaeiae ??ciiai a?eo,
ye? iiia?ee a?ae o?aai, iauanieo aeiaaee?a, naiiaoanoa oa aaeanoa ? o
yeeo iaoieia?/i? ci?ie c aieo na?oeaai-noaeeiii? oa ?ioeo nenoai aoee
a?aenooi? aai a?aeiia?aeaee a?eo. Na?oey iiia?eeo a?ae aoa?ineea?ico, a
caeaaeiino? a?ae ieiu? ii?aaeaiiy a?ioeaaeo a?oa??e oe??th oai?iaith,
iiae?eeee ia 4 a?oie: ia?oa – 10 % ii?aaeaiiy ?io?ie ei?iia?ieo a?oa??e
na?oey (30 niinoa?aaeaiue); ae?oaa – 30 % (42 na?oey); o?aoy – 50 % (35
na?aeaoeue); /aoaa?oa – 70 % ? a?eueoa (31 na?oea). Caaaeueii
aaeeaai? a naeoe?ei?e i?aeoeoe? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy, e??i cae/aeiiai
noaeiai-iaaee/iiai ?icoeio o?oia oa a?noieia?/iiai aea/aiiy oiaoi/e?a
aioo??oi?o i?aai?a, aeiiiaieee eiiieaeniei aeine?aeaeaiiyi na?oey ia
an?o ??aiyo eiai no?oeoo?ii? i?aai?caoe?? (i?aaiiiio, oeaieiiiio oa
ee?oeiiiio). O a?aeiia?aeiino? c oeei na?oea ?ic??caee ca iaoiaeeeith
E.E.Aneiiaie e niaao. (1981), i?e oeueiio i?iaiaeeee ciai?oi? ?
aioo??oi? e?i?ei? aei??e (oiaueia no?iie /anoei na?oey, ia?eiao?e
eeaiaiieo ioai??a, i?eiini? oa aeiini? o?aeoe), canoiniaoaaee iaoiae
ie?aiiai caaaeoaaiiy na?oey ca iaoiaeii Itheea?a c a?aooaaiiyi
iiaeeo?eaoe?? R.M.Fulton et al. (1952), aeei?enoiaoaaee ieai?iao?e/i?
aei??e aiaeiea?ae?aeueieo iiaa?oiiue (A.I.Aeoa?o e niaao., 1974),
?ic?aoiaoaaee ieai?iao?e/ii-ianiiao?e/i? ni?aa?aeaeiioaiiy /anoei na?oey
(A.E.Aeoa/ae e niaao., 1980), ia’?ii? oa ia’?iii-ianiiao?e/i? iieacieee
(A.A.Naeuaa, 1979, 1981). Ieiuo ii?aaeaiiy ?io?ie ei?iia?ieo a?oa??e
aoa?ineea?icii aecia/aee ca iaoiaeii i?yii? ieai?iao???
(A.A.Aaoaiaeeeia, 1980). I?iaiaeeee a?noieia?/ia, a?noio?i?/ia oa
a?noinoa?aiiao?e/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy an?o /anoei na?oey c aeei?enoaiiyi
iaoiaeee ? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e E.I.Iaiiiiyueo e niaao. (1984),
I.E.ssaeo/aineiai e niaao. (1987), A.A.Aaoaiaeeeiaa (1973, 1980, 1987).
. C oe??th iaoith ae??caee iaaieo ?ici???a oiaoi/ee c ia?aaei?o aieiaeo
no?iie e?aiai ? i?aaiai oeoii/e?a na?oey, e?aiai ? i?aaiai ia?aaena?aeue
oa i?aeoeoii/eiai? ia?aai?iaeee. An? oe? oiaoee o?enoaaee a 10 % ?ic/ei?
oi?iae?io, ??aeeiao Ea?ioa, Oeaiea?a, a 96 nie?o?, ?, i?ney
a?aeiia?aeiiai i?iaaaeaiiy /a?ac nie?oe, caeeaaee a ia?ao?i.
A?noieia?/i? c??ce oa?aoaaee aaiaoienee?iii ? aiceiii, ca Aai-A?cii,
cae?ciei aaiaoienee?iii ? aciea?i?iii Aaeaeaiaaeia, ca Iaeei??,
Aaeaa?oii, oieo?aeiiaei nei?i; i?iaiaeeee O?E-?aaeoe?th, ?ii?aaiaoe?th
n??aeii ca Aiii??. A aeine?aeaeoaaieo na?oeyo aea/aee oaeiae
aaiii?e?ioee?eoeyoi?ia ?onei oa oei e?iaiiinoa/aiiy (E.E.Eoeue/eoeeee,
I.TH.?iiaineee, 1985), ia/enethaaee ?iaeaen e?iaiiinoa/aiiy na?oey (?EN)
— a?aeiioaiiy noia?iiai ia’?io an?o a?oa??e aei /enoi? iane na?oey;
?iaeaen e?iaiiinoa/aiiy e?aiai oeoii/ea (?EEO) — a?aeiioaiiy ia’?io
a?oa??e , ui e?iaiiinoa/athoue e?aee oeoii/ie aei eiai iane; ?iaeaen
e?iaiiinoa/aiiy i?aaiai oeoii/ea (?EIO) — ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ia’?io
a?oa??e, ui e?iaiiinoa/athoue i?aaee oeoii/ie aei eiai iane (I.N.Aiaothe
e niaao., 1991).

I?e e?euee?niiio aea/aii? na?oey a?aoiaoaaee ianooii? ii?oiiao?e/i?
ia?aiao?e: /enoa iana i’yca na?oey (*IN); aaniethoia iana e?aiai (IEO)
? i?aaiai (IIO) oeoii/e?a; oeoii/eiaee ?iaeaen (O?) — a?aeiioaiiy IIO
aei IEO; ?iaeaen Ooeoiia (?O) – a?aeiioaiiy iane e?aiai oeoii/ea c
i?aeoeoii/eiaith ia?aai?iaeeith aei iane i?aaiai; na?oeaaee ?iaeaen (N?)
— a?aeiioaiiy *IN aei iane o?ea; iana e?aiai (IEI) ? i?aaiai (III)
ia?aaena?aeue; iana i?aeia?aaena?aeii? ia?aai?iaeee (III?); ?iaeaen
ia?aaena?aeue (?I?) — a?aeiioaiiy IEI aei III oa ?io?
ieai?iao?e/ii-ianiiao?e/i? iieacieee. Aei??thaaee oaeiae ia’?ie i?eoieo
(II) ? a?aeoieo (IA) oa ?aca?ai? ia’?ie (I?) oeoii/e?a, ?ic?aoiaoaaee
iieacieee ?o a?aeiinii? iane, aea/aee a?noinoa?aiiao?e/i?i ia?aiao?e
/anoei i?iea?aea.

C??ce aeine?aeaeoaaee a iiey?eciaaiiio na?oe?. An? e?euee?ni? iieacieee
ia?iaeyee noaoenoe/ii, aeei?enoiaoth/e no/ani? ia/enethaaeuei? caniae
(aeaeo?iiiee eaeueeoeyoi? Citizen-SDC-868).

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? i?aaenoaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe aiae?co iaaei? nia?o? a
Oa?iii?euenuee?e iaeano? ia no/aniiio aoai?. Anoaiiaeaii, ui ieoiia aaaa
iaaei (?aioiai) iiia?eeo na?aae an?o aeine?aeaeaieo aenia?oaie o?oi?a
neeaaea? 26,7 %. O a?eueoino? iiia?eeo nia?oue ianoaea a?ae
caoai?thaaiue na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie (72,6 % a?ae on?o
i?iaiae?ciaaieo aeiaaee?a). Na?aae ieo aoa?ineea?ic, eiai ??ciiiai?oi?
i?iyae ? iane?aeee, neeaaea? 82,0 %. sse i?aaeei oe? caoai?thaaiiy
oneeaaeithaaeenue aino?ith ei?iia?iith iaaeinoaoi?noth, ??aeoa –
i?ecaiaeeee aei aino?iai ?ioa?eoo i?iea?aea oa o?iiaico ei?iia?ieo
a?oa??e. Iae/ano?oa a?ae oe??? iaoieia?? ?aioiai aie?athoue iniae o
a?oe? 50 – 59 ?ie?a (34,3 %) oa o 40 – 49 ?ie?a (30,4 %), /ieia?ee – a
na?aaeiueiio o 6 ?ac?a /ano?oa a?ae ae?iie. Na?aae ?ioeo i?e/ei nia?o?,
o aeiaaeeao “na?oeaaiai” ?? iioiaeaeaiiy, a?ia?oii?/ia oai?iaa
ae?aaiinoiaaia o 8,7 % iiia?eeo, ??ciiiai?oi? aaaee na?oey, eiai
eeaiaiiiai aia?aoo oa noaeei ciaeaeai? a 5,0 %, oyaee? ii?aaeaiiy
na?oeaaiai i’yca (i?iea?ae?oe ??cii? ao?ieia??, aeeno?io?? i?iea?aea –
ia?aaaaeii aeeiaieuei? i?iea?ae?iiao??) aeyaeai? o 3,3 %. Ae?oaa i?noea
a no?oeoo?? iaaei? nia?o? a Oa?iii?euenuee?e iaeano? iin?aeathoue
caoai?thaaiiy o?aaii? nenoaie (12,0 %), c yeeo a?eueoa iieiaeia
i?eiaaea? ia aino?ee iaie?aiiae?ic. Ia o?aoueiio i?noe? (6,5 %) –
oai?iae i?aai?a aeeoaiiy, na?aae yeeo i?aaaeth? aino?a iiaaiii?y.

A oe?eiio iaaea nia?oue ia aeine?aeaeaiiio noaeiai-iaaee/iiio
naeoe?eiiio iaoa??ae? iae/ano?oa aeieea? o a?oe? 50 – 59 ?ie?a (35,1 %)
oa a 40 – 49 ?ie?a (22,8 %), ui na?ae/eoue i?i ?? cia/ia
“iiiieiae?iiy” o ii??aiyii? c ?acoeueoaoaie, io?eiaieie iaie ?ai?oa
(A.E.Iooaiia e niaao., 1969). ?aioiai aie?athoue a iniiaiiio /ieia?ee (a
4,5 ?ace /ano?oa a?ae ae?iie).

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? i?aaenoaaeaia ii?oiiao?e/ia oa?aeoa?enoeea /anoei
caei?iaiai na?oey o a?eiaiio aniaeo?. A?ae?a?ai? a yeino? eiio?ieth
na?oey iiia?eeo iaio noaoae, iiae?eeee ia aea? a?eia? a?oie. Ia?oa a?oia
– 25 na?aeaoeue ethaeae iieiaeiai a?eo (18 – 40 ?ie?a); ae?oaa a?oia –
47 na?aeaoeue in?a noa?oiai a?eo (41 – 73 ?iee). Aeine?aeaeoaai?
ea?ae?iiao?e/i? iieacieee aea/aee ia i?aaiiiio, oeaieiiiio oa ee?oeiiiio
??aiyo. I?e oeueiio caaaeoaaiiy ie?aieo /anoei na?oey aeyaeei, ui /enoa
iana eiai o i?aeoe/ii caei?iaeo in?a aei 40 ?ie?a noaiiaeoue (242,70
5,01) a, i?e/iio a?eueoa /anoeia oe??? iane i?eiaaea? ia e?aee oeoii/ie:
(EO) – (133,50 2,70) a aai (55,1 1,14 %) ? o 2,1 ?ace ia?aaeuo? iano
i?aaiai oeoii/ea (IO). Iana i?aaiai oeoii/ea – (63,40 1,32) a, aai
(26,12 0,57) %. Oeoii/eiaee ?iaeaen neeaaea? 0,475 0,009 (oaae.1).

Ieai?iao?e/ieie aei??aie anoaiiaeee, ui ieiua aiaeiea?ae?aeueii?
iiaa?oi? IO a 1,09 ?ace ia?aaeuo? aiaeia?/iee iieaciee EO, a
ieai?iao?e/iee ?iaeaen eiai a?aeiia?aeii noaiiaeoue 0,90 0,06 (oaae.
2).

?acoeueoaoe ia/enethaaiiy ia’?i?a eaia? na?oey i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue
ieai?iao?e/i? aeai? ? aeaiiino?othoue ia?aaaaeaiiy ia’?iieo ia?aiao??a
IO iaae EO o iieiaeeo (oaae. 3).

Oaaeeoey 1

____

Aeai? ie?aiiai caaaeoaaiiy /anoei iaiioeiaeaeaiiai na?oey (O ± S)

IieacieeA?oie niinoa?aaeaiueI (n=25)I I (n=47)*IN, a242,705,01268,206,03
*IEO, a133,502,70150,202,10 *IIO, a 63,401,3267,200,87 *IEI, a
19,100,4222,000,33 *III, a21,900,4523,100,36 *O?0,4750,0090,4470,006
*?O2,900,063,120,05 *% EO55,101,1456,000,81% IO26,120,5725,050,36%
EI7,860,188,200,15% II9,020,198,610,18

Oaaeeoey 2

____

Ieai?iao?e/i? aeai? iaiioeiaeaeaiiai na?oey (O± S)

IieacieeA?oie niinoa?aaeaiueI (n=25)I I (n=47)INEO,ni263,101,1771,601,05
**INIO,ni269,201,4175,201,08
*I?0,900,060,950,05INEI,ni240,700,8443,600,63
*INII,ni248,030,9950,100,72I?I?0,8480,0160,8700,012I?I?OE0,6450,0120,609
0,009 *I?I?OI0,6940,0150,6660,012

Oaaeeoey 3

____

Ia’?ii? iieacieee /anoei iaiioeiaeaeaiiai na?oey (O ± S)

IieacieeeA?oie niinoa?aaeaiue(a ni3)I (n=25)I I
(n=47)IIEO21,300,9024,500,36 *IAEO12,840,1817,400,24
***I?EO8,500,127,100,15 **IIIO31,700,6035,180,51 *IAIO15,900,2417,340,27
*I?IO15,820,2112,220,24 ***IEO16,200,2718,790,28 **IIO18,310,3620,500,30
*I?ei?oea: a oaaeeoeyo 1-3 ciaeaie *, **, *** cacia/ai? iieacieee, ye?
noaoenoe/ii aeinoia??ii a?ae??ciythoueny a?ae 1-i? a?oie (P < 0,05; P < 0,01; P < 0,001 a?aeiia?aeii). ?acoeueoaoe a?noinoa?aiiao?e/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue iieacothoue, ui a /anoeiao na?aeaoeue ia?oi? a?oie ae?aiao?e ea?ae?ii?ioeeo?a a?ae??ciythoueny i?ae niaith, aeinyaath/e iaeaeueo aaee/ei a EO (15,80 iei 0,30 iei), aeaui iaioeo - a IO (12,4 iei 0,24 iei), a iaeiaioeo - a ia?aaena?aeyo (a?ae 8,70 iei 0,12 iei aei 9,50 iei 0,15 iei). Aiaeia?/i? i?iii?oe?ei? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy a?aei?/athoueny ? c aieo ae?aiao??a yaea? ea?ae?ii?ioeeo?a. Cacia/eii, ui o a?aeae?eao na?oey iieiaeeo, iniiaia /anoeia oeaieie i?iea?aea iaeaaeeoue a?aeiiniiio ia’?io ea?ae?ii?ioeeo?a, yeee ? iaea?eueoei a EO (86,80 1,80) % ? iaeiaioei - a i?aaiio ia?aaena?ae? II (85,60 1,20) %. I?aeoe/ii o an?o aeine?aeaeoaaieo na?oeyo ethaeae iieiaeiai a?eo a?noieia?/ia no?oeoo?a i?iea?aea ? noaa?eueiith ? iaei /ei a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae iienaiiy ?? a?eueo?noth aaoi??a (E.A.Naiaiiaa e niaao., 1985; A.E.No?oeia e niaao., 1983; A.Hecht, 1981). Ii?oiiao?e/i? iieacieee /anoei na?aeaoeue iiia?eeo ae?oai? a?oie aeyaeeeny aeaui a?aei?oieie o ii??aiyii? c iieiaeeie. Oae, /enoa iana na?oey, ye ? iane an?o eiai ?ioeo /anoei o noa?oeo in?a, noaoenoe/ii aeinoia??ii ia?aaeuo? iieacieee ia?oi? a?oie (oaae. 1). Ieai?iao?e/ieie aei??aie anoaiiaeaii, ui o ethaeae noa?oi? a?eiai? a?oie ieiu? aiaeiea?ae?aeueii? iiaa?oi? an?o eaia? na?oey aeaui ca?eueoothoueny. (oaae. 2), oiaoi c a?eii aeieea? a?ia?o?io?y oa ?icoe?aiiy an?o /anoei na?oey, ine?eueee a?aeaoaa?oueny nooo?aa ca?eueoaiiy ?o iane oa i?inoi?iaeo oa?aeoa?enoee. I?ioa, a?ia?o?io?y oa ?icoe?aiiy eaia? na?oey ? ia??aiii??iith: a?aeaoaa?oueny ?noioia ciaioaiiy oeoii/eiaiai ?iaeaeno, a?aenioeo iane IO, ca?eueoaiiy a?aenioeo iane EO ? ieai?iao?e/iiai ?iaeaeno oa ?iaeaeno Ooeoiia a ae?oa?e aeine?aeaeoaai?e a?oi?. Ioaea, o ethaeae noa?oiai a?eo niinoa??aa?oueny c?inoaiiy iane oa ?icoe?aiiy eaia? na?oey c ia?aaaaeiith a?ia?o?io??th oa ae?eyoaoe??th ii?iaeieie EO. Ca aeaieie ia’?iieo aei???a, c a?eii oaeiae ca?eueoothoueny ye ia’?ie oeoii/e?a, oae ? ia’?ie a?aeoieo oa i?eoieo, a oie /an ye ?o ?aca?ai? ia’?ie –?noioii ciaioothoueny (oaae.3). ?aca?aiee ia’?i iaea?eueoa ciaioo?oueny a EO ae?oai? a?oie niinoa?aaeaiue, ui na?ae/eoue i?i nooo?aa cieaeaiiy aaeaioaoe?eieo iiaeeeainoae EO, ine?eueee eiai ?aca?aiee ia’?i a?ae?a?a? i?ia?aeio ?ieue a caaacia/aii? ii?iaeueiiai e?iaiia?ao ? ? aaaeeeaei iieacieeii ?aca?ao aaiiaeeiai?ee. A?noinoa?aiiao?e/ieie aei??aie anoaiiaeaii, ui o noa?o?e a?eia?e a?oi? noaoenoe/ii aeinoia??ii c?inoathoue ae?aiao?e ea?ae?ii?ioeeo?a a EO, ca?eueooth/enue c (15,80 0,30) iei aei (16,78 0,09) iei (? 0,05). C?inoathoue oaeiae ? ae?aiao?e ?o yaea?. A i?iea?ae? EO oe??? a?oie niinoa?aaeaiue ciaeaeaii cieaeaiiy a?aeiiniiai ia’?io eai?ey??a (c 6,00 % 0,09 % aei 5,84 % 0,008 %) i?e nooo?aiio c?inoaii? a?aeiiniiai ia’?io niieo/ii? oeaieie (ia 15,9 %), ui i?ecaiaeeoue aei ?noioiiai ii?ooaiiy no?iiaeueii-ia?aio?iaoicieo ni?aa?aeiioaiue. A?noieia?/ii a i?iea?ae? e??i iioiauaiiy ea?ae?ii?ioeeo?a oa ?o yaea?, a?aei?/a?oueny ca?eueoaiiy e?eueeino? e?iioonoeeio, cono??/athoueny oaeiae iaaaeee? ae?eyiee ia?eaaneoey?iiai ea?ae?ineea?ico, aiaieua i?iiaeyoe?e, i?ioa?ee aee?iai? oeaieie. O aeayeeo i’yciaeo aieieiao – cieeiaiiy iiia?a/ii? iinioaiaaiino?, aaeoieueia oa ca?ienoa ia?a?iaeaeaiiy. A oe?eiio aeacai? ci?ie ? a?eueo ?ioaineai?oeie a i?iea?ae? EO ii??aiyii c ?ioeie /anoeiaie na?oey. Oaeei /eiii, o i?aeoe/ii caei?iaeo in?a noa?oiai a?eo nooo?ai c?inoathoue a?aa?iao?e/i?, ieai?iao?e/i?, ia’?ii? oa i?e?iiao?e/i? ia?aiao?e a?aeae?e?a na?oeaaiai i’yca, ?noioii cieaeothoueny ?aca?ai? ia’?ie e?aiai oa i?aaiai oeoii/e?a. Oea na?ae/eoue i?i aeieeath/o a?eiao a?ia?o?io?th a?aeae?e?a i?iea?aea oa ?icoe?aiiy eaia? na?oey. Cacia/ai? yaeua ? ia??aiii??ieie: c a?eii a?ia?o?ioo?oueny ? ae?eyoo?oueny ia?aaaaeii e?aee oeoii/ie. Ioaea, i?e i?iaaaeaii? noaeiai-iaaee/ieo ?icoei?a o?oi?a iaaei iiia?eeo a?ae iaoieia?? na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie, ioe?ithth/e aeyaeai? ci?ie, ne?ae i?eeiaoe aei oaaae, ui o in?a noa?oa 40 ?ie?a a?aeoeeaiiy ea?ae?iii?oiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao??a iiaeooue aooe aeeeeeai? ia o?eueee oai?iaeeaeie, aea e a?eiaeie ci?iaie. O i’yoiio ?icae?e? iaaeaia ii?oiiao?e/ia oa?aeoa?enoeea no?oeoo?ii? ia?aaoaeiae na?oey i?e aoa?ineea?ic? ei?iia?ieo noaeei c ??ciith ieiuath ooeiaeaeaiiy oeei iaoieia?/iei i?ioeanii. I?e o?aaeaii? aoa?ineea?icii 30 % ?io?ie ei?iia?ieo noaeei na?oey, noaoenoe/ii aeinoia??ii ci?iththoueny eiai ea?ae?iiao?e/i? iieacieee. I?e oeueiio c?inoathoue ianiiao?e/i? oa i?inoi?ia? ia?aiao?e /anoei na?oey, ca?eueoothoueny ae?aiao?e ea?ae?ii?ioeeo?a oa ?oi?o yaea?, nooo?ai c?inoa? a?aeiiniee ia’?i niieo/iioeaieiieo aeaiaio?a, iia??oo?oueny e?iaiiinoa/aiiy i?iea?aea. Iae?iiao?e/i? iieacieee a?aeae?e?a na?oeaaiai i’yca ci?iththoueny ia??aiii??ii. ?noioia cieaeaiiy oeoii/eiaiai ?iaeaeno, a?aenioeo iane i?aaiai oeoii/ea, ca?eueoaiiy ieai?iao?e/iiai ?iaeaeno oa a?aenioeo iane e?aiai oeoii/ea na?ae/aoue i?i c?inoaiiy iae?iiao?e/ieo ia?aiao??a ia?aaaaeii e?aiai oeoii/ea. Oiaoi naia eiio iaeaaeeoue aaaeo/a ?ieue a a?ia?ooieoe??, a?ia?o?io?? oa ?icoe?aii? eaia? na?oey i?e aoa?ineea?ic? ei?iia?ieo noaeei. Cia/i? aeeni?iii?oe?ei? a?aeoeeaiiy ii?oiiao?e/ieo iieaciee?a na?oey ia an?o ??aiyo eiai no?oeoo?ii? i?aai?caoe?? a?aei?/ai? i?e o?aaeaii? 50 % ? a?eueoa ieiu? ei?iia?ieo noaeei. Oae, ia i?aaiiiio ??ai? iacaaeainiaai?noue a?ia?o?io?? aeaiiino?othoue a?aa?iao?e/i? oa ieai?iao?e/i? iieacieee /anoei na?oey (oeoii/eiaee ?iaeaen, ieai?iao?e/iee ?iaeaen, ?iaeaene ia?aaena?aeii-oeoii/eia? e?aee oa i?aaee), ia oeaieiiiio – nooo?aa ca?eueoaiiy a?aeiiniiai ia’?io niieo/iioeaieiieo aeaiaio?a oa aiaieuaaeo o?aaeaiue ea?ae?ii?ioeeo?a, cieaeaiiy a?aeiiniiai ia’?io eai?ey??a oa eai?ey?ii – ea?ae?ii?ioeeoa?ieo ni?aa?aeiioaiue, ia ee?oeiiiio – aeeni?iii?oe?eia ca?eueoaiiy oeeoiieacie oa yae?a. Ca oiia o?eaaei? ?oai?? na?oeaaiai i’yca aiane?aeie aoa?ineea?ioe/iiai ei?iia?ineea?ico, iacaaaeath/e ia ?icoe?aiiy eaia? na?oey, ?aca?ai? ia’?ie oeoii/e?a nooo?ai ciaioothoueny. Iaea?eueoa oeae iieaciee ci?ith?oueny a e?aiio oeoii/eo ? o iiia?eeo c cia/iei a?aenioeii o?aaeaiiy ei?iia?ieo noaeei aoa?ineea?icii aeinyaa? (5,80 0,27) ni3 (eiio?ieue - 8,50 ni3 0,18 ni3, ? < 0,001). I?e i?e?ineii?/iiio aeine?aeaeaii? a /anoeiao na?oey iiia?eeo aeyaeai? cia/i? ii?ooaiiy e?ioi- ? e?iaiia?ao, aeeno?io?/i?, iae?ia?ioe/i?, iae?ioe/i? oa neea?ioe/i? ci?ie. Oe? yaeua ia?aaaaeaee a e?aiio oeoii/eo ? ei?aethaaee c oaeeie ii?oiiao?e/ieie ia?aiao?aie, ye oeoii/eiaee oa ieai?iao?e/iee ?iaeaene, no?iiaeueii-ia?aio?iaoici?, yaea?ii-oeeoiieaciaoe/i? a?aeiioaiiy. Oea na?ae/eoue i?i caeaaei?noue aaaeeino? oa aeeaeie iaoieia?/ieo iioeiaeaeaiue a?ae nooiaiy o?aaeaiiy aoa?ineea?icii ei?iia?ieo noaeei ? nooiaiy ii?ooaiue ii?iaeueieo i?iii?oe?e no?oeoo?ii? i?aai?caoe?? na?oey, ui ocaiaeaeo?oueny c aeaieie O.C.Iaa?niia (1981). O an?o iiia?eeo c 50 % ? a?eueoei o?aaeaiiyi ieiu? ei?iia?ieo noaeei aoa?ineea?icii ia ?icoei? aoei ae?aaiinoiaaii aino?o na?oeaai-noaeeiio iaaeinoaoi?noue ca e?ai-oeoii/eiaei oeiii, i?e oeueiio noaoenoe/ii aeinoia??ii ci?ith?oueny a?eueo?noue ea?ae?iiao?e/ieo iieaciee?a. Oae, oeoii/eiaee ?iaeaen cieaeo?oueny c 0,495 0,012 (eiio?ieue) aei 0,386 0,012 (? < 0,001); a?aenioie iane e?aiai oeoii/ea c?inoa? c (55,8 0,5) % aei (62,5 2,4) % (? < 0,01), ca?eueoo?oueny ieai?iao?e/iee ?iaeaen c 0,950 0,005 aei 1,220 0,004 (? < 0,001). I?e ?aioia?e nia?o? a?ae aoa?ineea?ico a?ioeaaeo noaeei nooo?ai ci?iththoueny ii?oiiao?e/i? iieacieee na?oey ia an?o ??aiyo eiai no?oeoo?ii? i?aai?caoe?? (i?aaiiiio, oeaieiiiio ? ee?oeiiiio). Iaeaaaii?o? ci?ie o iiia?eeo ciaeaeai? a e?aiio oeoii/eo, aea cia/ia iacaaeainiaai?noue i?ae eiai ianiiao?e/ieie ? i?inoi?iaeie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny ??ceeie a?noieia?/ieie ?iceaaeaie. Ana oea aeeeeea? nooo?aa ciaioaiiy aaeaioaoe?eii – eiiiainaoi?ieo iiaeeeainoae na?oey, cae?i/o?oueny c?eaii no?oeoo?iiai aiiainoaco, ui i?ecaiaeeoue aei nia?o? ?, a?aeiia?aeii, ia? aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy a oaiaoiaaiac?. O oinoiio ?icae?e? iaaiai?ththoueny ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue. Anoaiiaeaii, ui i?e ca?eueoaii? ieiu? ii?aaeaiiy a?ioeaaeo noaeei aoa?ineea?icii, iaeneiaeueia neea ? aoaeoeai?noue nei?i/aiiy a?ia?o?ioiaaiiai i?iea?aea cia/ii cieaeai?, a ooieoe?iiaeueiee ?aca?a na?oeaaiai iyca ?noioii ciaioo?oueny. Iniiaiith i?e/eiith oeueiai ? iacaaeainiaaia oi?ia eiai ?inoo, yea i?iyaey?oueny ia i?aaiiiio ??ai? ia??aiii??iith a?ia?o?io??th oeoii/e?a na?oey ? ia?aaena?aeue oa ??ciei nooiaiai ?o ?icoe?aiiy. Ia oeaieiiiio ??ai? – aeieeathoue ii?ooaiiy no?iiaeueii-ia?aio?iaoicieo oa eai?ey?ii-ea?ae?ii?ioeeoa?ieo ni?aa?aeiioaiue. Aeacai? ci?ie i?ecaiaeyoue aei ciaioaiiy ?aca?aieo iiaeeeainoae a?ia?o?ioiaaiiai na?oey, ? a iiaeaeueoiio - aei ?icaeoeo na?oeaai-noaeeiii? iaaeinoaoiino? oa nia?o?. Oe? yaeua iaea?eueo ae?aaeai? a oiio a?aeae?e? na?oey, yeee iana iaea?eueoa iaaaioaaeaiiy. Iao? aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui i?e aoa?ineea?ic? ei?ia?ieo a?oa??e oaeith /anoeiith na?oey ? e?aee oeoii/ie. Ioaea ae?aaeaia o?aaeaiiy ei?iia?ieo a?oa??e na?oey noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny a?ia?ooieoe??th eiai /anoei ?, a?aeiia?aeii, ?o a?ia?o?io??th oa ?icoe?aiiyi. Iacaaeainiaaiee, aeeni?iii?oe?eiee oa?aeoa? a?ia?o?io?? a?ia?ooieoe?iioth/iai na?oey, yeee niinoa??aa?oueny ia an?o ??aiyo eiai no?oeoo?ii? i?aai?caoe??, ? iniiaiith i?e/eiith iieiiee oa c?eao no?oeoo?iiai aiiainoaco. I?e ii?oieia?/iiio aea/aii? “aoa?ineea?ioe/iiai” na?oey aeey ia?eoeaiiai aecia/aiiy iaoai?ci?a iaoi-, ii?oi- oa oaiaoiaaiaco iaiao?aeii oe?iei aeei?enoiaoaaoe ??ciiiai?oi? iae?i-, i?e?i- oa noa?aiiao?e/i? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aiie aeicaieythoue iaea?eueo aaeaeaaoii aeyaeoe oa ioe?ieoe e?euee?ni? iniaeeaino? ii?oieia?/ieo ci?i ooeiaeaeaieo /anoei na?oeaaiai iyca ia an?o ??aiyo eiai no?oeoo?ii? i?aai?caoe??, ui aea? ciiao cia/ii iie?aueoe noaeiai-iaaee/io ae?aaiinoeeo i?e/eie nia?o? i?e oai?iaeeaeo ci?iao i?iea?aea. AENIIAEE 1. ?aioiaa nia?oue o Oa?iii?euenuee?e iaeano? a?ae na?oeaai-noaeeiieo caoai?thaaiue a aeaiee /an neeaaea? 72,6 % a?ae on?o aeiaaee?a iaaei? nia?o?. Na?aae ieo aoa?ineea?ic, eiai i?iyae ? iane?aeee noaiiaeyoue 82,0 %. Iae/ano?oa a?ae oe??? iaoieia?? ?aioiai aie?athoue ethaee o a?oe? 40 – 49 ?ie?a (30,4 %) ? 50 – 59 ?ie?a (34,3 %), /ieia?ee – a na?aaeiueiio o 6 ?ac?a /ano?oa a?ae ae?iie. 2. O iaaei iiia?eeo in?a, ye? no?aaeaeaee aoa?ineea?ioe/iei o?aaeaiiyi ei?iia?ieo a?oa??e, nooo?ai ci?iththoueny ii?oiiao?e/i? iieacieee na?oey ia an?o ??aiyo eiai no?oeoo?ii? i?aai?caoe?? (i?aaiiiio, oeaieiiiio ? ee?oeiiiio), ui aea? ciiao aeei?enoiaoaaoe ?o a yeino? eiie?aoieo ae?aaiinoe/ieo e?eoa???a aeey anoaiiaeaiiy “na?oeaaiai” iioiaeaeaiiy iaaei? nia?o?. 3. I?e ea?ae?iiao?e/iiio aeine?aeaeaii? noaeiai-iaaee/iiio aenia?oo iaiao?aeii a?aoiaoaaoe no?oeoo?i? oa a?eia? ci?ie na?oey, ine?eueee c a?eii a?ia?o?ioothoueny an? /anoeie i?iea?aea c ia?aaaaeath/ei ca?eueoaiiyi iane oa ?icoe?aiiyi eaia?e e?aiai oeoii/ea. Oey a?eiaa a?ia?o?io?y e?aiai oeoii/ea oa ?noioi? ci?ie eiai ia an?o ??aiyo no?oeoo?ii? i?aai?caoe?? na?ae/aoue i?i nooo?aa iia??oaiiy aaeaioaoe?eieo iiaeeeainoae a iueiio ?, a?aeiia?aeii, iaoiiaeththoue a?eueo aenieee, ii??aiyii c ?ioeie a?aeae?eaie na?oey, nooi?iue eiai ooeiaeaeaiue. 4. A?eueo?noue ea?ae?iiao?e/ieo ia?aiao??a noaoenoe/ii aeinoia??ii ci?ith?oueny aaea i?e 30 % o?aaeaii? aoa?ineea?icii ei?iia?ieo a?oa??e. I?e cieaeaii? oeoii/eiaiai ?iaeaeno aei 0,399 ? ieae/a, aeinyaiaii? ?iaeaenii Ooeoiia aaee/eie 3,46 ? aeua, ieai?iao?e/iiio ?iaeaen? 1,060 ? a?eueoa, ?aca?aiiio ia’?i? e?aiai oeoii/ea (5,78 0,18) ni 3 ? ieae/a, iiaeia aeinoia??ii ae?aaiinooaaoe aino?o na?oeaao iaaeinoaoi?noue ca e?aioeoii/eiaei oeiii, iaa?oue ca oiiae a?aenooiino? aeaeeieo ia ?icoei? a?oaeo iaoiii?oieia?/ieo ci?i a na?oe?. 5. Aoa?ineea?ioe/ia o?aaeaiiy a?ioeaaeo noaeei na?oey noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny ci?iith ia’?iieo ia?aiao??a iaio oeoii/e?a (ca?eueoaiiy ia’?i?a i?eoieo ? a?aeoieo i?e ciaioaii? ?aca?aieo ia’?i?a), ui ne?ae a?aoiaoaaoe aenia?oo i?e ?icoei? o?oi?a iaaei iiia?eeo, iniaeeai c iacia/ieie aai iaeiiii?oieie oai?iaeeaeie ci?iaie c aieo na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie. 6. I?e iaae?e nia?o?, iia’ycai?e c aoa?ineea?ioe/iei o?aaeaiiyi a?ioeaaeo noaeei, iaeaaaii?o? ci?ie o iiia?eeo ciaeaeai? a e?aiio oeoii/eo: cia/ia iacaaeainiaai?noue i?ae eiai ianiiao?e/ieie ? i?inoi?iaeie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny ??ceeie a?noieia?/ieie ?iceaaeaie (noaoenoe/ii aeinoia??ii ca?eueoothoueny yae?a ea?ae?ii?ioeeo?a, cieaeo?oueny a?aeiiniee ia’?i eai?ey??a oa eai?ey?ii-ea?ae?ii?ioeeoa?i? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy, aeieeathoue iaiaeeiaeia? oa ia??aiii??i? ii?ooaiiy e?iaiia?ao a i?iea?ae?). Ana oea aeeeeea? nooo?aa ciaioaiiy aaeaioaoe?eii-eiiiainaoi?ieo iiaeeeainoae na?oey, cae?i/o?oueny c?eaii no?oeoo?iiai aiiainoaco, i?eaiaeeoue aei nia?o? ? ia?, oaeei /eiii, nooo?aa cia/aiiy a oaiaoiaaiac?. Aeiaeaoeiaeie aeniei?ioiiaoeaieie e?eoa??yie, ye? aecia/athoue nooi?iue aeniaaeaiiy ?aca?aieo aaeaioaoe?eieo iiaeeeainoae a?aeae?e?a a?ia?ooieoe?iioth/iai, a?ia?o?ioiaaiiai i?iea?aea ? iin?? a?ieia?/ii? ?ioi?iaoe?? – aio?ii?y, a?aeiinia aio?ii?y oa iaaei??i?noue. 7. Ei?iia?i? noaeeie cia/i?oa o?aaeathoueny aoa?ineea?icii i?e ia?aaaaeii e?aia?ioeaaiio oei? e?iaiiinoa/aiiy, ui iaiao?aeii a?aoiaoaaoe i?e o?aeooaaii? oaiaoiaaiaco ? i?e/eie nia?o?, ?icaeoeo na?oeaai? iaaeinoaoiino?, oiui o aeiaaeeao iaaei? nia?o?. 8. I?e noaeiai-iaaee/iiio aeine?aeaeaii? o?oi?a ?aioiai iiia?eeo a?ae na?oeaai-noaeeiieo caoai?thaaiue, caaaeueiii?eeiyo? a aenia?oi?e i?aeoeoe? iaoiaeeee aeine?aeaeaiiy na?oey aeioe?eueii aeiiiaieoe eiiieaeniei ii?oieia?/iei aea/aiiyi, a?aoiaoth/e eiai a?aa?iao?e/i?, i?inoi?ia?, ia’?ii? ? a?noinoa?aiiao?e/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee, ui aeicaieeoue ooi/ieoe aaciina?aaeith i?e/eio nia?o?. I?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? I?e noaeiai-iaaee/ieo ?icoeiao o?oi?a ?aioiai iiia?eeo ethaeae, ui no?aaeaeaee aoa?ineea?ioe/iei ei?iia?ineea?icii, iaea?eueo iiaio e?euee?nio oa?aeoa?enoeeo /anoei iioeiaeaeaiiai na?oey aeiiiiaaa? iaea?aeaoe eiiieaenia ii?oiiao??y, yea oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ii?aeiaiiyi ??cieo a?iiao?e/ieo iieaciee?a ia an?o ??aiyo no?oeoo?ii? i?aai?caoe?? na?oey. Ae?aaiinoe/i? iiaeeeaino? ?nioth/eo ea?ae?iiao?e/ieo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy iaiaeiaeia?. Iaea?eueo ia?eoeaiei oa iiaiei o aecia/aii? ia?aaoaeiae a?aeae?e?a iioeiaeaeaiiai na?oey ? a?noinoa?aiiao?e/iee. A?noinoa?aiiao??y, c aeei?enoaiiyi ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai aiae?co ? aecia/aiiyi a?aeiiniiai ia?io ea?ae?ii?ioeeo?a, no?iie, eai?ey??a, yaea?ii-oeeoiieaciaoe/ieo, eai?ey?ii-ea?ae?ii?ioeeoa?ieo oa no?iiaeueii-ia?aio?iaoicieo ni?aa?aeiioaiue ? iaea?eueo iioeiaeueiith ? c aenieith a??ia?aei?noth aecia/a? iniaeeaino? ia?aaoaeiae /anoei oai?iaeeai ci?iaiiai i?iea?aea. Oea aea? ciiao ooi/ieoe noaae?th iaoieia?/iiai i?ioeano oa aaeaeaaoii iiynieoe iaoai?cie iaoi-, ii?oi- ? oaiaoiaaiaco iioeiaeaeaiiai na?oey. Ieai?iao?e/ii-ianiiao?e/ia ea?ae?iiao??y, ye iaeei c iae?iiao?e/ieo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy iaea?eueo ia?eoeaii a?aeia?aaea? e?euee?ni? ci?ie /anoei na?oey i?e aoa?ineea?ioe/iiio ei?iia?ineea?ic?. Io?eiai? ca aeiiiiiaith oeueiai iaoiaeo ea?ae?iiao?e/i? iieacieee aeathoue ia o?eueee a?aa?iao?e/io oa?aeoa?enoeeo, aea ? iieacothoue nooi?iue ii?ooaiiy ni?aa?aeiioaiue i?ae ianiiao?e/ieie ia?aiao?aie /anoei i?iea?aea, ui aeicaiey? aecia/eoe iniaeeaino? ae?eyoaoe?? na?oeaaeo eaia? ? nooo?ai ?icoe?ththoue iiaeeeaino? ii?oiiao?e/iiai aiae?co aaiiaeeiai?/ieo ii?ooaiue a na?oeaaiio iyc? aaciina?aaeiuei ia naeoe?eiiio noie?. Oea, a naith /a?ao, ia? aaaeeeaa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ia eeoa aeey aenia?o?a oa ii?oieia?a, aea ? aeey ee?i?oeeno?a. I?inoioa aeeiiaiiy aeacaiiai iaoiaeo, ae?aaiinoe/i? iiaeeeaino? ieai?iao?e/ii-ianiiao?e/ii? ea?ae?iiao??? ? ia?eoeaiei iaa?oiooaaiiyi aeey ai?iaaaeaeaiiy oeueiai iaoiaeo a uiaeaiio i?aeoe/io ae?yeuei?noue aenia?oa. ?nioaaiiy aeinoia??ii? ??cieoe? i?ae ii?oiiao?e/ieie iieacieeaie a?aeae?e?a na?oey o ??cieo a?eiaeo a?oiao aeiaaa?, uia oe? a?aei?iiino? iaiayceiai a?aoiaoaaeenue i?e ii?oiiao?e/iiio aeine?aeaeaii? aeaiiai i?aaio i?e ?aioia?e na?oeaa?e nia?o?. Aeineoue oe?iio oa ia?eoeaio ?ioi?iaoe?th i?aeoe/iiio aenia?oo iiaeooue iaaeaoe ia?ii? aeine?aeaeaiiy oeoii/e?a na?oey. Oae, nooo?aa cieaeaiiy ?aca?aiiai ia?io oeoii/ea na?ae/eoue i?i ciaioaiiy eiai aaeaioaoe?eieo iiaeeeainoae. Aaee/eia ?aca?aiiai ia?io i?aaiai oeoii/ea (11,70 0,24) ni3 ? ieae/a, a e?aiai – (5,78 0,18) ni3 ? iaioa, aeacothoue ia iiaeeea?noue aeieeiaiiy ca oeeo i?inoi?iaeo oa?aeoa?enoee aino?i? na?oeaai? iaaeinoaoiino?. Eiiieaeniith ea?ae?iiao???th anoaiiaeaii, ui i?e ae?aaeaiiio aoa?ineea?ioe/iiio ii?aaeai? ei?iia?ieo a?oa??e aeieea? a?ia?ooieoe?y oa a?ia?o?io?y eaia? na?oey. Iaeiae, a oeeo iaoieia?/ieo oiiaao ia ?nio? ?cieueiaaii? a?ia?o?io?? iaei??? /anoeie na?oey, oiio ui a a?ia?o?io?/iee i?ioean aoyaothoueny an? a?aeae?ee i?iea?aea. A?aoiaoth/e aeuaiaaaaeaia, iiaeia eeoa aeacoaaoe i?i ae?aaeai?noue a?ia?o?io?/iiai i?ioeano i?e aoa?ineea?ic? ei?iia?ieo a?oa??e ia?aaaaeii ca e?aioeoii/eiaei oeiii, a ia i?i a?ia?o?io?th e?aiai oeoii/ea ye oaeo. NIENIE I?AOeUe, IIOAE?EIAAIEO CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe?? 1. O?ai/oe A.A. Ea?ae?iiao?e/ia oa?aeoa?enoeea a?eiaeo ci?i na?oey // A?niee A?iieoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo. – 1998. - ? 2. – N. 455-457. 2. O?ai/oe A.A. Ii?oiiao?e/ia oa?aeoa?enoeea no?oeoo?ii? ia?aaoaeiae na?oey i?e aoa?ineea?ic? ei?iia?ieo noaeei // Oe?a?inueeee noaeiai-iaaee/iee a?niee.- 1998. - ?1. – N.13-15. 3. O?ai/oe A.A. Iicieia?/ia no?oeoo?a iaaei? nia?o? a Oa?iii?euenuee?e iaeano? // Oe?a?inueeee noaeiai-iaaee/iee a?niee .- 1998. - ?1. – N.12-13. 4. O?ai/oe A.A. ?ioi?iaoeai?noue ea?ae?iiao?e/ieo ia?aiao??a a ae?aaiinoeoe? iaaei? nia?o? // Ca??iee oac e?aueo nooaeaionueeeo ?ia?o. – Oa?iii?eue.- 1995. – N.99-101. 5. O?ai/oe A.A. Ea?ae?iiao?e/iee aiae?c no?oeoo?ieo ci?i /anoei na?oey i?e aoa?ineea?ic? ei?iia?ieo noaeei // Ca??iee noaoae XXXIX i?aenoie. eiioa?. nooaeaio?a ? iieiaeeo a/aieo iaae?inoeoooo. – Oa?iii?eue. – 1996. – N.87-89. 6. O?ai/oe A.A. Ea?ae?iiao??y a ae?aaiinoeoe? iaaei? na?oeaai? nia?o? // Iaoa??aee iaoe. eiio., i?enay/aii? iai’yo? i?io. TH.N.Naiiaei?eiaa. – Ee?a. – 1997. – N.49-50. 7. O?ai/oe A.A., Aiaothe I.N. ?ioiiii?oieia?/i? ci?ie a /anoeiao i?iea?aea i?e iaae?e na?oeaa?e nia?o?. // I?aeia?iaeia eiioa?aioe?y “Aeooaeuei? ieoaiiy ii?oieia??”, i?ena. iai’yo? i?io. N.A.Nii?uea. – Oa?iii?eue. – 1996. – N.662-663. 8. O?ai/oe A.A., Aiaothe E.A., Ei?nae A.?. Aeeiai?ea ii?oiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao??a na?oey o a?eiaiio aniaeo? // I-e I?aeia?iaeiee eiia?an c ?ioaa?aoeaii? aio?iiieia??. – Oa?iii?eue. – 1995. – N.330-331. 9. O?ai/oe A., Aiaothe ?., I?ae TH., Iaaeia A. Iniaeeaino? aaeaioaoe?eieo oa aeacaaeaioaoe?eieo ci?i ea?ae?ii?ioeeo?a /anoei i?iea?aea i?e iaae?e na?oeaa?e nia?o? // I-e I?aeia?iaeiee iaaee/iee eiia?an nooaeaio?a ? iieiaeeo a/aieo. – Oa?iii?eue. – 1997. –N.369-370. 10. Aiaothe I.N., O?ai/oe A.A. E?euee?nia ii?oieia?y ii?aaeaiiai na?oey // Eaeoe?y aeey nooaeaio?a. – Oa?iii?eue. – 1996. – 24n. 11. Aiaothe I.N., O?ai/oe A.A. Ii?oiiao?e/ia ioe?iea aaiiaeeiai?/ii? ia?aaoaeiae na?oey i?e aoa?ineea?ic? ei?iia?ieo a?oa??e // Caeiaooee ee?i?/ii? oa aenia?eiaioaeueii? iaaeeoeeie. – Oa?iii?eue. – 1996. – /. II. – N.28-30. 12. Caaaeueithe A.O., O?ai/oe A.A. Iniaeeaino? ?aioiai? nia?o? a?ae na?oeaai-noaeeiieo caoai?thaaiue o Oa?iii?euenuee?e iaeano? // Caeiaooee ee?i?/ii? oa aenia?eiaioaeueii? iaaeeoeeie. – Oa?iii?eue. – 1998. – aei. III. – N.107-109. AIIOAOe?ss O?ai/oe A.A. Ii?oiiao?e/i? iieacieee na?oey i?e iaae?e nia?o? a?ae aoa?ineea?ico ei?iia?ieo noaeei oa ?o noaeiai-iaaee/ia cia/aiiy. – ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 14.01.25 – noaeiaa iaaeeoeeia. – Ee?anueea iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i. I.E. Ooieea, Ee?a, 1999. Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia aea/aiith ii?oiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao??a na?oey i?e iaae?e nia?o? a?ae aoa?ineea?ico ei?iia?ieo noaeei. Ia i?aenoaa? eiiieaeniiai ii?oiiao?e/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy na?oey ia o?ueio ??aiyo eiai no?oeoo?ii? i?aai?caoe?? (i?aaiiiio, oeaieiiiio ? ee?oeiiiio) i?aaenoaaeaia e?euee?nia oa?aeoa?enoeea oeueiai i?aaia o a?eiaiio aniaeo? oa i?e ei?iia?iiio aoa?ineea?ic? ??cii? ?ioaineaiino?. ?ic?iaeai? ? ai?iaaaeaeai? a i?aeoeeo aenia?oi? ea?ae?iiao?e/i? e?eoa??? aeey iie?auaiiy noaeiai-iaaee/ii? ae?aaiinoeee iaaei? (?aioiai?) nia?o?. Eeth/ia? neiaa: iaaea nia?oue, na?oea, aoa?ineea?ic a?ioeaaeo noaeei, ea?ae?iiao??y. AIIIOAOeEss O?ai/oe A.A. Ii?oiiao?e/aneea iieacaoaee na?aeoea i?e nei?iiinoeaeiie nia?oe io aoa?ineea?ica ei?iia?iuo ninoaeia e eo noaeaaii-iaaeeoeeineia cia/aiea. – ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeeoeeineeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14.01.25 – noaeaaiay iaaeeoeeia. – Eeaanea iaaeeoeeineay aeaaeaiey iineaaeeieiiiiai ia?aciaaiey ei. I.E.Ooieea, Eeaa, 1999. Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia eco/aieth ii?oiiao?e/aneeo ia?aiao?ia na?aeoea i?e nei?iiinoeaeiie nia?oe io aoa?ineea?ica ei?iia?iuo ninoaeia. Ia iniiaaiee eiiieaeniiai ii?oiiao?e/aneiai enneaaeiaaiey na?aeoea ia o??o o?iaiyo aai no?oeoo?iie i?aaiecaoeee (i?aaiiii, oeaiaaii e eeaoi/iii) i?aaenoaaeaia eiee/anoaaiiay ii?oieiae/aneay oa?aeoa?enoeea yoiai i?aaia a aic?anoiii aniaeoa e i?e ei?iia?iii aoa?ineea?ica ?aciie eioaineaiinoe. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi o i?aeoe/anee caei?iauo ethaeae noa?oaai aic?anoa aic?anoatho a?aaeiao?e/aneea, ieaieiao?e/aneea, iau?iiua e iee?iiao?e/aneea ia?aiao?u ieiea?aea, nieaeathony ?aca?aiua iau?iu eaaiai e i?aaiai aeaeoaei/eia. Yoi naeaeaoaeuenoaoao i aicieeathuae aic?anoiie aeia?o?ioee na?aeoea e ?anoe?aiee aai eaia?. Oeacaiiua eciaiaiey yaeythony ia ?aaiiia?iuie: n aic?anoii aeia?o?ioe?oaony e aeeeyoe?oaony i?aeiouanoaaiii eaaue aeaeoaei/ae. Eiiieaeniia ii?oiiao?e/aneia enneaaeiaaiea na?aeoea i?e aoa?ineea?ica ei?iia?iuo ninoaeia ?aciie eioaineaiinoe iieacaei, /oi oaea i?e ii?aaeaiee yoei iaoieiae/aneei i?ioeannii 30 % ieiuaaee eioeiu aaia/iuo ninoaeia i?ienoiaeeo no?oeoo?iay ia?ano?ieea /anoae na?aeoea, eciaiythony aai ii?oiiao?e/aneea iieacaoaee: oaaee/eaathony a?aaeiao?e/aneea, ieaieiao?e/aneea e iee?iiao?e/aneea ia?aiao?u, caiaoii oiaiueoaaony ?aca?aiue iau?i iaieo aeaeoaei/eia. N oaaee/aieai ieiuaaee ii?aaeaiey eioeiu ei?iia?iuo ninoaeia aoa?ineea?icii ea?aeeiiao?e/aneea iieacaoaee eciaiythony cia/eoaeueiaa, naeaeaoaeuenoaoy i ia?anoathuae aeia?ooieoeee e aeia?o?ioee ieiea?aea. I?e yoii ii?oiiao?e/aneea iieacaoaee na?aeoea ia?aaiiia?iu, aeeni?iii?oeeiiaeueiu e ianaaeaine?iaaiiu. Iie iaeaieaa nouanoaaiii eciaiythony a eaaii aeaeoaei/ea, /oi i?eaiaeeo e aai aeaeiiiainaoeee. E?iia yoiai ai anao /anoyo na?aeoea cia/eoaeueii ia?ooathony no?iiaeueii-ia?aioeiaoiciua niioiioaiey a noi?iio oaaee/aiey ioiineoaeueiiai iau?ia niaaeeieoaeueiie oeaie, aeeaiao?ia ea?aeeiieioeeoia, eo yaea? i?e nieaeaiee ioiineoaeueiiai iau?ia eaieeey?ia e onoaoaeaiee eoaiee na?aea/iie iuooeu. An? yoi nii?iaiaeaeaaony aeoaieeie ia?ooaieyie ia anao no?oeoo?iuo o?iaiyo na?aeoea, aucuaaao ?aceia nieaeaiea aaeaioaoeeiiii-eiiiainaoi?iuo aiciiaeiinoae a i?i e caeai/eaaaony n?uaii no?oeoo?iiai aiiainoaca. A ?acoeueoaoa i?iaaae?iiie ?aaiou ?ac?aaioaiu e aiaae?aiu a i?aeoeeo yenia?oiua ea?aeeiiao?e/aneea e?eoa?ee aeey oeo/oaiey noaeaaii-iaaeeoeeineie aeeaaiinoeee nei?iiinoeaeiie (aiacaiiie) nia?oe. Eeth/aaua neiaa: nei?iiinoeaeiay nia?oue, na?aeoea, aoa?ineea?ic ei?iia?iuo ninoaeia, ea?aeeiiao?ey. ANNOTATION Franchuk V.V. Morphometrical heart indexes in case of a sudden death, caused by the atherosclerosis of coronary vessels and their forensic significance. – Manuscript. Dissertaion for archieving the degree of the candidate of medical sciences, speciality 14.01.25 – forencic medicine. – P.L.Shupyka Kyiv Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education. The dissertation provides a thorough investigation of the heart indexes in case of a sudden death, caused by the atherosclerosis of coronary vessels. The heart description is based on the complete morphometrical exploration conducted upon the following structural levels: cellular, tissue, organ. The analysis is quantitative and includes the age aspect and the coronary atherosclerosis condition of different intensity. The accomplished cardiometrical criteria of the sudden death identification have been adapted and practiced. Key words: sudden death, heart, coronary vessels atherosclerosis, cardiometria. I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 25.02.99 . Oi?iao A-5 Oiiaiee ae?oea?nueeee a?eoo Caiiaeaiiy ?745. Oe?aae 100 i?ei. Aeaeaaieoeoai OIA “IVP” i. Oa?iii?eue, a-? Oaa/aiea, 19 oae. (0352) 22 5 87 Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien. ?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oa?iii?euenuee?e aea?aeaai?e iaaee/i?e aeaaeai?? IIC Oe?a?ie ?i. ?.Ai?aa/aanueeiai. Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Caaaeueithe Aiaoie?e Oa?eoiiiae/, caa?aeoaa/ eo?no noaeiai? iaaeeoeeie eaoaae?e iaoieia?/ii? aiaoii?? Oa?iii?euenueei? aea?aeaaii? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? ?i. ?. Ai?aa/aanueeiai. Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio Ieoaeee/aiei Ai?en Aaeaioeiiae/, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e noaeiai? iaaeeoeeie Iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I.I.Aiaiiieueoey; aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aa?aneiaiei Ieaenaiae? ?aaiiae/, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e noaeiai? iaaeeoeeie c iniiaaie i?aaa Aeiiaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I.Ai?ueeiai. I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Euea?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i. Aeaieea Aaeeoeueeiai IIC Oe?a?ie, i. Euea?a. Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “___” _____________ 1999 ?ieo i _____ aiaeei? ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae. 26. 613.03. i?e Ee?anuee?e iaaee/i?e aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i. I.E.Ooieea IIC Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 254112, i.Ee?a, aoe. Aei?iaiaeeoeueea, 9. C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue a a?ae?ioaoe? Ee?anueei? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i. I.E.Ooieea ca aae?anith: 254112, i. Ee?a, aoe. Aei?iaiaeeoeueea, 9. Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “___” ___________ 1999 ?. A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee ____________________ aeioe. Ao?/einueeee A. A. IIC Oe?a?ie ee?anueea iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i. i.e.ooieea O?ai/oe Aaeaioei Aaneeueiae/ OAeE 616.12-036.88:616.13-004.6-071.3]-079.6 II?OIIAO?E*I? IIEACIEEE NA?Oess I?E IAAE?E NIA?O? A?Ae AOA?INEEA?ICO EI?IIA?IEO NOAeEI OA ?O NOAeIAI-IAAeE*IA CIA*AIIss 14.01.25 – noaeiaa iaaeeoeeia Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe Ee?a - 1999

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