Aeaaeai?y iaaee/ieo iaoe Oe?a?ie

?inoeooo ooec?ao??? ? ioeueiiiieia?? ?i O.A.ssiianueeiai

NOAOAITHE Ieeiea Oaaei?iae/

OAeE: 616.233 + 616.24 — 002

II?OIOOIEOe?IIAEUeIEE NOAI A?IIO?A, CI?IE CAAAEUeIIAI ?IOI?OAOO OA
IANIAOeEO?*IIAI EE?OEIIIAI CAOENOO EAAAIUe I?E IIAOI?IEO
A?IIOIIIAAIII?ssO O A?ENUeEIAINEOAEAIAOe?A NO?IEIAI? NEOAEAE

Ioeueiiiieia?y — 14.01.27

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Iaoe?iiaeueiiio iaaee/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?i.
I.I.Aiaiiieueoey.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aiiniaa Eaoa?eia Ieeiea?aia,
caa?aeoaa/ea eaoaae?e aini?oaeueii? oa?ai?? ?1 Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I.I.Aiaiiieueoey.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aaa?enthe Aieiaeeie? Einoyioeiiae/,
caa?aeoaa/ ee?i?ei-ooieoe?iiaeueiiai a?aeae?eaiiy ?inoeoooo ooec?ao??? ?
ioeueiiiieia?? ?i. O.A.ssiianueeiai AII Oe?a?ie;

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe Aeoia Ceiia?e Aaneeueiae/, i?ioani? eaoaae?e
oa?ai?? oaeoeueoaoo i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?aaii-O?aie?anueei?
aea?aeaaii? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? IIC Oe?a?ie.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:

Aei?i?iiao?ianueea aea?aeaaia iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y IIC Oe?a?ie, eaoaae?a
oaeoeueoaonueei? oa?ai??.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 22ethoiai 1999 ?. i 13 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26. 552. 01. ?inoeoooo ooec?ao??? ?
ioeueiiiieia?? ?i. O.A.ssiianueeiai AII Oe?a?ie (252000, i. Ee?a,
INI-650, oca?c I?ioan?a ss?, 7).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo ooec?ao???
? ioeueiiiieia?? ?i. O.A.ssiianueeiai AII Oe?a?ie (i. Ee?a, oca?c
I?ioan?a ss?, 7).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “22” n?/iy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee AE.A.Aaaioe?aa

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie. Iiaaiii?? caeeoathoueny iaeiei ?c
iaeiioe?ai?oeo caoai?thaaiue a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a no?ieiai? neoaeae.
Aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie iiaaiii?e aeey Ca?ieieo Nee Oe?a?ie coiiaeaia
aenieeie ao?aoaie i?aoeacaeaoiino? a cayceo c oe??th oai?iaith. Ia ?o
/anoeo, ca aeaieie I.I.Aie/aea (1996), i?eiaaea? 89,4 % i?aoeaao?ao,
coiiaeaieo caoai?thaaiiyie i?aai?a aeeoaiiy. Iaei??th ?c iniaeeainoae
ia?aa?ao iiaaiii?e o iao /an ? ca?eueoaiiy e?eueeino? aeiaaee?a
iiaoi?iiai ?icaeoeo oeeo iaaeoa (TH.?.Oauaiei, 1995).

Aeai? e?oa?aoo?e i?i iniaeeaino? ee?i?/iiai ia?aa?ao iiaoi?ieo iiaaiii?e
ia/eneaii?. A.A.Eacaioeaa (1985) ae?eoia aeniiaeo, ui i?aeoe/ii eiaeiee
iyoee a?enueeiaineoaeaiaaoeue i?ney ia?aianaiiy i?ae /an neoaeae
iiaaiii?? oai??? ia ia? i?ioyaii ?ieo. Aeneiaeththoueny i?eiouaiiy
(?.?.Aia?i, ?.N.Oeoiie?ia, 1991), ui iae/ano?oa i?e/eiaie iiaoi?ii?
iiaaiii?? ? ia?aeiiee aai aoi?eiiee ?ioiiaeao?oeeo oa iiaoi?ia
?io?eoaaiiy e i?e?iaeia aiiiae?y a?iio?a. I?ioa a aeinooiieo aeey ian
aeaea?aeao e?oa?aoo?e aeaieo i?i ee?i?/iee ia?aa?a iiaoi?ieo iiaaiii?e
ia cono??/aeiny. Ia aea/ai? no?oeoo?ii-ooieoe?iiaeuei? ci?ie a?iio?a o
oaeeo iaoe?aio?a. Ia aeyaeaii ci?i caaaeueiiai ? i?noeaaiai ?ioi?oaoo o
oai?eo ia iiaoi?io iiaaiii?th. Ia ii??aithaaeeny ee?i?/i? iniaeeaino?
ia?aa?ao, no?oeoo?ii-ooieoe?iiaeueieo ci?i o a?iioao oa ?o
ianiaoeeo?/iee caoeno o oai?eo ia ia?aeii? e iiaoi?i? iiaaiii??. O oie
aea /an, ?icaycaiiy oeeo caaaeaiue iiaea ni?eyoe aeae?eaiith e?eoa???a
i?iaiicoaaiiy iiaoi?iiai ?icaeoeo, iioei?caoe?? e?eoaaiiy oa ia?aeiii? ?
aoi?eiii? i?io?eaeoeee oai?iae.

Aea/aiith oeeo ieoaiue, ui noaiiaeyoue aacia?a/iee i?aeoe/iee ?
oai?aoe/iee ?ioa?an, ? i?enay/aia oey ?iaioa.

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?aieao iniiaieo iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue
eaoaae?e aini?oaeueii? oa?ai?? ?1 IIO, i?enay/aieo aea/aiith iiaeo
aniaeo?a iaoiaaiaco oa oa?iaeioa?ai?? na?oeaai? oa eaaaiaai?
iaaeinoaoiino?, ui i?iaiaeeeany a ia??iae 1993-1997 ??. ia aac? eaoaae?e
aini?oaeueii? oa?ai?? ?1 oa Aieiaiiai a?enueeiaiai ee?i?/iiai aini?oaeth
II Oe?a?ie, ? Aea?aeaaii? ?a?no?aoe?? 0196 U 004716.

Iaoith ?iaioe aoea ?ic?iaea e?eoa???a i?iaiicoaaiiy iiaoi?iiai ?icaeoeo
iiaaiii??, ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei e?eoaaiiy, ia?aeiii? ? aoi?eiii?
i?io?eaeoeee caoai?thaaiue o a?enueeiaeo c?aeiaiiyo Oe?a?ie ia i?aenoaa?
aea/aiiy no?oeoo?ii-ooieoe?iiaeueieo ci?i o a?iioao, noaio
ianiaoeeo?/iiai ee?oeiiiai caoenoo eaaaiue ? ?ioiii? ?aaeoeaiino? o
oai?eo ia iiaoi?i? iiaaiii?? a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a no?ieiai? neoaeae.

Caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy:

1. Aecia/eoe iniaeeaino? ee?i?/iiai ia?aa?ao iiaoi?ieo iiaaiii?e o
a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a no?ieiai? neoaeae.

2. Ioe?ieoe no?oeoo?i? ci?ie a?iio?a oa ci?ie ?o ?aaeoeaiino? ca aeaieie
oieiaeiai? i?iae oa i?iae ?c canoinoaaiiyi a?iioie?oe/iiai caniao o oeeo
iaoe??io?a.

3. Aecia/eoe noai ianiaoeeo?/iiai ee?oeiiiai caoenoo eaaaiue ? ci?ie
ee?oeiiiai oa aoii?aeueiiai ?ioi?oaoo o oai?eo ia iiaaiii?th c ??ciith
e?euee?noth iiaoi?aiue.

4. Ia i?aenoaa? eiiieaenii? ioe?iee iniaeeainoae ee?i?/iiai ia?aa?ao
no?oeoo?ii-ooieoe?iiaeueieo ci?i o a?iioao, ii?ooaiiy ianiaoeeo?/iiai
caoenoo eaaaiue ? ?ioiieia?/ii? ?aaeoeaiino? ?ic?iaeoe e?eoa???
i?iaiicoaaiiy iiaoi?iiai ?icaeoeo iiaaiii?? o a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a
no?ieiai? neoaeae oa ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? noiniaii iioei?caoe?? e?eoaaiiy,
ia?aeiii? ? aoi?eiii? i?io?eaeoeee oe??? oai?iae o a?enueeiaeo
c?aeiaiiyo Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

Aia?oa iieacaii, ui o a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a no?ieiai? neoaeae Oe?a?ie
iiaoi?i? iiaaiii?? iathoue oyae/ee ia?aa?a ii??aiyii ?c nii?aaee/ieie
aeiaaeeaie caoai?thaaiiy.

Aia?oa anoaiiaeaii, ui aeey oai?eo ia iiaoi?io iiaaiii?th, ia a?aei?io
a?ae ia?aeiii?, oa?aeoa?i? a?iioineii?/i? i?iyae o?ii?/iiai
aiaeia?iio?oo oa ca?eueoaiiy /anoioe aeenieac?? a?iio?a.

A ?acoeueoao? aea/aiiy noaio ianiaoeeo?/iiai ee?oeiiiai caoenoo eaaaiue
ca aeaieie aiae?co ee?oeiiiai neeaaeo a?iioiaeueaaiey?iiai cieao aia?oa
aeiaaaeaii, ui aeey a?eueoino? oai?eo ia iiaoi?io iiaaiii?th oa?aeoa?ia
aeua e?euee?noue o eaaaaei?e ??aeei? iaeo?io?e?a ca iano?eeino? ?o
eenaiue-caeaaeii? iaoaaie?/ii? aeoeaiino?.

Aia?oa aea/aii ooieoe?iiaeueiee noai a?iio?a o oai?eo ia iiaoi?io
iiaaiii?th. Aeyaeaii nooo?a? ci?ie ?aaeoeaiino? a?iio?aeueiiai aea?aaa o
a?aeiia?aeue ia oieiaeiaee aieea oa aaeeoaiiy a?iioie?oeea aa?ioaea.
Aeiaaaeaii, ui ia a?aei?io a?ae oeo, o eiai aoee aeiaaeee iaeiiai
caoai?thaaiiy, o iaoe??io?a ?c iiaoi?aiiyi iiaaiii?? niinoa??aathoueny
iciaee a?iio?aeueii? iano?oeoe?? ia?eoa?e/ieo aeeoaeueieo oeyo?a c ?o
iineeaiiyi a oiiaao oieiaeiai? i?iae ? caeaaeiei a?ae e?eueeino?
caoai?thaaiue cieaeaiiyi ?aaeoe?? ia a?iioie?oee.

Aia?oa i?iaiae?ciaaii aoii?aeueiee oa ee?oeiiee ?ioi?oao o oai?eo i?e
iiaoi?ieo iiaaiii?yo. Aoei aeyaeaii iciaee iaaooiai ?ioiiaeao?oeeoo,
nooi?iue i?iyao yeeo caeaaeaea a?ae /enea iiaoi?aiue caoai?thaaiiy.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

Ia i?aenoaa? eiiieaeniiai aiae?co no?oeoo?ii-ooieoe?iiaeueieo ci?i
a?iio?a, ianiaoeeo?/iiai ee?oeiiiai caoenoo eaaaiue ? noaio
aoii?aeueiiai oa ee?oeiiiai ?ioi?oaoo o oai?eo ia iiaoi?io iiaaiii?th
cai?iiiiiaaii e?eoa??? i?iaiicoaaiiy iiaoi?iiai ?icaeoeo caoai?thaaiiy o
a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a no?ieiai? neoaeae Oe?a?ie e ?ic?iaeaii
?aeiiaiaeaoe?? c iioei?caoe?? eiai e?eoaaiiy, ia?aeiii? oa aoi?eiii?
i?io?eaeoeee.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aeei?enoiaothoueny aeey aeeeaaeaiiy ia
eaoaae?? aini?oaeueii? oa?ai?? ?1 Iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaaee/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I.I.Aiaiiieueoey ? eaoaae?? a?enueeiai? oa?ai??
Oe?a?inueei? A?enueeiai-iaaee/ii? aeaaeai??. ?ic?iaeai? ia ?o i?aenoaa?
?aeiiaiaeaoe?? c i?iaiicoaaiiy, e?eoaaiiy, i?io?eaeoeee iiaoi?ii?
iiaaiii?? cai?iaaaeaeai? a i?aeoeeo ?iaioe ioeueiiiieia?/ieo
a?aeae?eaiue Aieiaiiai a?enueeiaiai ee?i?/iiai aini?oaeth oa
??i?inueeiai a?enueeiaiai aini?oaeth II Oe?a?ie. Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue i?aeoaa?aeaeaii a?aeiia?aeieie aeoaie.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aaoi? naiino?eii ?ic?iaea i?ia?aio oa
iaoiaeieia?th aeine?aeaeaiiy. I?ioyaii 1993-1997 ??. i?ia?a ianoaaeaiiy
oai?eo. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy iaea?aeaii iniaenoi aaoi?ii.
A?noieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy aoei i?iaaaeaii a iaoieiaiaiaoii?/i?e
eaai?aoi??? Aieiaiiai a?enueeiaiai ee?i?/iiai aini?oaeth II Oe?a?ie
(ia/aeueiee aini?oaeth eaiaeeaeao iaaee/ieo iaoe I.I.Aie/ae), ui
a?aeia?aaeaii a ni?eueieo ioae?eaoe?yo. Aaoi?ii naiino?eii i?iaaaeaii
aiae?c ia?aeiiiai iaoa??aeo, noi?ioeueiaaii aieiai? iieiaeaiiy e
aeniiaee i?aoe?.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaieo
aeine?aeaeaiue aoee aeeeaaeai? ia -io c?cae? ooec?ao??a oa
ioeueiiiieia?a Oe?a?ie (A?iieoey, 1993), iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe??
AAEA II Oe?a?ie (Ee?a, 1993), ia 4-io Iaoe?iiaeueiiio eiia?an? c oai?ia
i?aai?a aeeoaiiy (Iineaa, 1994), ia THa?eaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? AAEA II Oe?a?ie (Ee?a, 1995), ia ?anioae?eainuee?e
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Iiaua aeinoeaeaiey a ?aiiae
aeeaaiinoeea e oa?aiee ainiaeeoaeueiuo caaieaaaiee i?aaiia aeuoaiey,
i?aaeoi?aaeaeaiea o?iiecaoeee caaieaaaiee” (Oa?e?a, 1995).

Ioae?eaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe, iaea?aeai? i?ae /an aeeiiaiiy ?iaioe,
iiai?noth a?aeia?aaeai? a 15 ioae?eaoe?yo, o oiio /ene? a 5 noaooyo oa
iaoeiaeo aeaeaiiyo ca oaoii, ?aeiiaiaeiaaieo AAEii Oe?a?ie, o 2 noaooyo
o iiiioaiaoe/ieo ca??eao ? 8 oacao iaoa??ae?a eiioa?aioe?e. Iiaeaii 2
cayaee ia iaoaio Oe?a?ie.

Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia 141 noi??ioe? iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo,
neeaaea?oueny c anooio, iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e, oa?aeoa?enoeee
aeine?aeaeoaaiiai eiioeiaaioo ? iieno iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy, ?icae?e?a
aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue, iaaiai?aiiy ?acoeueoao?a, aeniiae?a, ia?ae?eo
iineeaiue, ui iae?/o? 238 e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae oa
aeiaeaoe?a.Aeena?oaoe?y ?ethno?iaaia 9 oaaeeoeyie oa 13 iaethieaie.

Ci?no ?iaioe.

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ianoaaeaieo oai?eo.

A?aeiia?aeii aei iaoe e caaaeaiue aeine?aeaeaiiy iniaeeaino? ee?i?/iiai
ia?aa?ao iiaaiii?? caeaaeii a?ae e?eueeino? ?o iiaoi?aiue aea/aeeny ia
i?aenoaa? ianoaaeaiiy 392 oai?eo a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a no?ieiai?
neoaeae, ye? ia?aaoaaee ia noaoe?iia?iiio e?eoaaii? a ioeueiiiieia?/iiio
a?aeae?eaii? Aieiaiiai a?enueeiaiai ee?i?/iiai aini?oaeth II Oe?a?ie a
1992-1998 ??. Ia??iae niinoa?aaeaiiy neeaa 2 ?iee, ui iiynith?oueny
o?eaae?noth i?ioiaeaeaiiy ieie no?ieiai? neoaeae a Ca?ieieo Neeao
Oe?a?ie.

Ae?aaiic iiaaiii?? anoaiiaethaaee ca caaaeueiii?eeiyoeie e?eoa??yie
c o?aooaaiiyi ee?i?/ieo oa ?aioaaiieia?/ieo aeaieo. Aeey ioe?iee
ao?ieia?? caoai?thaaiiy aecia/aee i?e?ioei?o aeeoaeueieo oeyo?a ca
aeiiiiiaith aaeoa??aeueiiai iin?ao oa?eioeiiy c aecia/aiiyi /ooeeaino?
i?e?ioei?e aei aioea?ioee?a.

*a?ac iaaeinoaoi? aea/aiiy ia?aa?ao iiaoi?ii? iiaaiii??
caaaeueiii?eeiyo? e?eoa??? a?aenooi?. Ae?aaiic iiaoi?ii? iiaaiii??
noaaeee ia i?aenoaa? iiyae /a?ac 3 i?nyoe? ? a?eueoa i?ney iiia?aaeiuei?
oai?iae, ui cae?i/eeany iiaiei iaeoaeaiiyi, iiaoi?ieo ?io?eueo?aoeaieo
ci?i o eaaaiyo, cana?ae/aieo i?ae /an ?aioaaiieia?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy,
ye? noi?iaiaeaeoaaeeny a?aeiia?aeieie ee?i?/ieie i?iyaaie. Ia i?aenoaa?
iiaiiai ?icniieooaaiiy eaaaiaaiai ?io?eueo?aoo a i?ioean? e?eoaaiiy
aeeeth/aeany ?iia??i?noue iiieeee ca ?aooiie iai?aaeeueiiai o?aeooaaiiy
iiaaiineea?ioe/ieo ina?aaee?a.

On? oai?? iaea?aeoaaee caaaeueiii?eeiyoo oa?ai?th: aioea?ioeee,
aioea?noai?ii? i?aia?aoe, i?ioecaiaeuei? caniae. O ?ac? oneeaaeiaiiy
ia?aa?ao oai?iae i?ecia/aee aeiaeaoeia? a?aeiia?aei? caniae.

?iciiae?eyee oai?eo ia a?oie caeaaeii a?ae e?eueeino? ia?aianaieo
oai?ia. A?oio oai?eo c ia?oith iiaaiii??th neeaee iaoe??ioe, o yeeo
iaaeoaa ?icaeioeany aia?oa ? ca ia??iae aeine?aeaeaiiy ia iiaoi?thaaeany
(a?oia A, i-257), a oaeiae o?, o eiai a iiaeaeueoiio iiaaiii?y
?icaeioeany iiaoi?ii (a?oia A, i-51). Aea?/? ia?aoai??ee ia iiaaiii?th
ia iiiaio niinoa?aaeaiiy 69 oai?eo ( a?oia), o?e/? – 61 ( a?oia), /ioe?e
?ace – 48 ( a?oia), i’youe ?ac?a — 37 ( a?oia) ? o?noue ?ac?a — 18 (
a?oia).

Iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy.

E??i caaaeueiiee?i?/iiai, aeey ianoaaeaiiy oai?eo aeei?enoiaoaaee
caaaeueiii?eeiyo? ?ino?oiaioaeuei? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy
(?aioaaiieia?/i?, a oiio /ene? eiii’thoa?io oiiia?ao?th c aeei?enoaiiyi
oiiia?aoa “Niiaoii” AN, o??ia “N?iain” I?ia//eia) aeey aeyaeaiiy
?io?eueo?aoeaieo ci?i o eaaaiyo ? anoaiiaeaiiy ii?oieia?/iiai aa??aioo
aino?i? iiaaiii??.

Iae?ineii?/io ioe?ieo noaio neeciai? iaieiiee a?iio?a ? ?o a?o?oaeoii?ee
i?iaiaeeee oeyoii a?iioineii?? ca aeiiiiiaith a?iioio?a?iceii?a Olympus
BF-1, BF-2, Type 5, BF-1T2 (ssiii?y). A?iioio?a?ineii?th aeeiioaaee i?ae
i?noeaaith aianoac??th ?c canoinoaaiiyi 3% ?ic/eio o?eiaea?io. A?iine/i?
ao?o/aiiy, a?ao-, a?aoeaoaoa?a?iin?th ? i?yio a?iin?th neeciai? iaieiiee
aeeiioaaee (ca caiaeith iaoe??io?a) ca aeiiiiiaith u?oi/ee AN-100 aai
ueioe?a A-19 ?c iaai?o Olympus (ssiii?y).

Iaoa??aeii aeey ii?oieia?/iiai aiae?co neoaeeee a?iioaoe neeciai?
iaieiiee, iaea?aeai? ia ??ai? a?eeoaaiiy naaiaioa?ieo a?iio?a
(ia?aaaaeii oii?a A8), caaa?aeai? iaoeeaiiaei nei?i. Ii?oiiao?e/ia
aeine?aeaeaiiy no?oeoo?ieo eiiiiiaio?a neeciai? iaieiiee i?iaiaeeee ia
noa?aiiao?e/iiio eiiieaen? “no?oeoo?a” o iai?aaaoiiaoe/iiio ?aaeei? c
aeei?enoaiiyi aaaaoioe?eueiai? oanoiai? nenoaie ? aeio?eiaiiyi i?eioeeio
?aiaeii?caoe??. A ai?oae?aeueiiio oa?? ? aeani?e ieanoeioe? aecia/aee
ia’?iio u?euei?noue (%) oanoe no?oeoo?ieo eiiiiiaio?a (a?e/ano?,
eaeeoiiiae?ai?, aacaeuei?, ai?oae?aeuei? ee?oeie, noaeeie, ee?oeie e
aieieieno? io/ee aeanii? ieanoeiee).

Ii?oieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaaaeaii a eaai?aoi??? AAEA (ia/aeueiee
eaai?aoi??? iieeiaiee A.A.Aeai?nthe).

Ci?ie neeciai? iaieiiee a?iio?a ioe?ithaaee ca?aeii c ?aeiiaiaeaoe?yie
A.?.Eoeiinueeiai oa ni?aaaoi??a (1982), A.?.Ia/a?aa oa ?.N.Iao?oo?ia
(1987), oiion no?iie a?iio?a – ca e?eoa??yie I.?.Ia?aeueiaia oa
ni?aaaoi??a (1974).

A?iio?aeuei? cieae iaea?aeoaaee oeyoii eaaaaeo a?iio?aeueiiai aea?aaa
i?ae /an a?iioio?a?ineii?? (I.Silvestron oa ni?aaaoi?e, 1989).

Ooieoe?y ciai?oiueiai aeeoaiiy aecia/aeany ca aeaieie aiae?co iaoe?
“ia’?i — iio?e” o?aioe? iaoua o iaeei ? oie naiee /an aeiae ia
eiiieaen? ooieoe?iiaeueii? ae?aaiinoeee “Iiaeoeue” (Iaaeeei-?iaeaia?iee
iaoeiaee oeaio?, Ee?a).

Aeey ioe?iee ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio a?iio?a i?iaiaeeee aeine?aeaeaiiy
ooieoe?? ciai?oiueiai aeeoaiiy a oiiaao iaaaioaaeoaaeueieo i?ia:

1. I?iae ?c canoinoaaiiyi a?iioie?oe/iiai caniao aa?ioaea. Iieacieee
ooieoe?? ciai?oiueiai aeeoaiiy ?a?no?oaaee aei e /a?ac 5-8 oa. i?ney
aeiciaaii? ?iaaeyoe?? aa?ioaea (I.Oilow, 1989).

2. Oieiaeiai? i?iae ?c canoinoaaiiyi ?cioii?/iiai ?ic/eio iao??th
oei?eaeo oaiia?aoo?e oaiaiiy eueiaeo ia ii?oaoeaiiio ?iaaeyoi??
“Ia?eaie” (I.Melwil, 1990). Iieacieee ooieoe?? ciai?oiueiai aeeoaiiy
?a?no?oaaee aei e i?ney 8-10 oa ?iaaeyoe??.

Aiae?coaaee oae? iieacieee: aeeoo?aa ?ii?noue eaaaiue (AEAE, % a?ae
iaeaaeii?); ia’?i oi?niaaiiai aeaeeoo ca 1-o naeoiaeo (IOA1, % a?ae
iaeaaeiiai); iaeneiaeuei? ia’?ii? oaeaeeino? aeaeeoo 25% (IIO 25); 50%
(IIO 50) ? 75% (IIO 75) aeeoo?ai? ?iiino? eaaaiue, a oaeiae ?iaeaen
Oeooii (IOA1/AEAE, %) (I. Eiaaeaiei oa ni?aaaoi?e, 1995).

?ioiieia?/iee noaoon oai?eo aeine?aeaeoaaee ca?aeii c ?aeiiaiaeaoe?yie
iin?aieea A.I.Iooeeea (1987).

Noai ianiaoeeo?/iiai ee?oeiiiai caoenoo eaaaiue ioe?ithaaee ia i?aenoaa?
aeaieo aiae?co ee?oeiiiai noaio a?iio?aeueii? ??aeeie. I?e oeueiio
aecia/aee ai?no o a?iioiaeueaaiey?iiio eaaaae? (%) e?ioioeeo?a,
iaeo?io?e?a, aeueaaiey?ieo iae?ioaa?a.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue ia?iaeyee ca iaoiaeii aa??aoe?eii?
noaoenoeee. A??ia?aei?noue ??cieoe? i?ae /an ii??aiyiiy na?aaei?o
aaee/ei aecia/aee ca aeiiiiiaith e?eoa???a No’thaeaioa, a o ?ac?
ii??aiyiiy /anoioe – ca iaoiaeii aeueoa?iaoeaiiai aa??thaaiiy
(I.I.I?ioea? oa ni?aaao., 1982).

?ioi?iaoeai?noue ae?aaiinoe/ieo oa ae?oa?aioe?aeueii-ae?aaiinoe/ieo
iciae ioe?ithaaee ca aeiiiiiaith aecia/aiiy /ooeeaino?, niaoeeo?/iino?
oa i?iaiinoe/ii? oe?iiino? ca oi?ioeaie A.N. Aanee?ia oa A.A.Neaei?aiea
(1981).

Noaoenoe/io ia?iaeo io?eiaieo aeaieo i?iaiaeeee ca aeiiiiiaith iaeaoo
i?eeeaaeieo i?ia?ai Statgraphics, aa?n?y 2.1 ia eiii’thoa?? IBM PC / AO.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue.

Iaea?aeai? iaie aeai? na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui o oai?eo ia iiaoi?io
iiaaiii?th /ano?oa niinoa??aa?oueny na?aaeiueioyaeeee ia?aa?a (88,8%)
ii??aiyii c iiaaiii??th aac iiaoi?aiue (65,8%, ?<0,001), ca ?aooiie ciaioaiiy eaaeeo oi?i i?e noaa?euei?e /anoio? aaaeeiai ia?aa?ao. I?e oeueiio niinoa??aa?oueny, caeaaeii a?ae iiaoi?iino? oai?iae, ci?iaiiy o?eaaeino? ?ioa?aaeo i?ae iiaaiii?yie, yeee i?ney 1-? iiaaiii?? neeaaeaa o na?aaeiueiio (7,71) i?n, a i?ney 5-? – (4,30,6) i?n (? <0,01). O oie aea /an a??ia?aeieo ci?i ao?ieia?/ii? no?oeoo?e ia?aeiii? ? iiaoi?ieo iiaaiii?e ia aeyaeaii. I?ia?aeiei ao?ieia?/iei /eiieeii a on?o aeiaaeeao ? iiaaiieie (55,3 – 61,1%). Aeao?oeeo iane o?ea niinoa??aaany o a?eueoino? oai?eo ia ia?aeiio e iiaoi?io iiaaiii?th (67,3 – 77,8%); o ie?aieo a?oiao noaoenoe/ii cia/oueo a?aei?i ia iii?/aii. Iiaeeeai, oea na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui caaaeai? /eiieee ia a?ae?a?athoue ?noeiii? ?ie? a ?icaeoeo iiaoi?ieo iiaaiii?e. I?ae /an a?iioineii?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy c a?iin??th neeciai? iaieiiee a?iio?a o oai?eo ia iiaoi?io iiaaiii?th cana?ae/aia ca?eueoaiiy, ii??aiyii c iaoe??ioaie c ia?aeiiith iiaaiii??th, /anoioe aeeoociiai a?iio?oo a 1,7 – 2,6 ?ace (p <0,05 - <0,001), o oiio /ene? ca ?aooiie aeaia?/iiai o?aaeaiiy a?iio?a, /anoioa yeiai aeinyaea 72,2% i?e 6-io caoai?thaaii?. I?e oeueiio c`yaeyeeny iciaee caiaeaiiy II nooiaiy aeoeaiino?, /anoioa yeiai ei?aethaaea c e?aoi?noth caoai?thaaiiy ? aoea iaeneiaeueiith i?e 6-e iiaaiii??. Ii?yae ?c iciaeaie eaoa?aeueiiai a?iio?oo, ui aeyaeyany neaaeiae?aaeaiei iaa?yeii ? a?ia?nae?aoe??th ?c nae?aoii neeciaiai oa?aeoa?o, o /anoeie oai?eo ia iiaoi?io iiaaiii?th niinoa??aaeany iii??ia (13,3 – 50%) oa ae?aaeaia (5,9-10,3%) a?ia?nae?aoe?y c iiyaith nae?aoo neeciai-ai?eiiai (17,6-33,3%) oa iaa?oue ai?eiiai oa?aeoa?o (1 iaoe??io c 6-th iiaaiii??th, 5,6%). Aeyaeai? ci?ie iiaeooue neoaeeoe aiaeineii?/iith iciaeith ia?aoiaeo caiaeueiiai i?ioeano a a?iioao o o?ii?/i?e, ai iaea?eueo ?aii?i oa oa?aeoa?iei i?iyaii o?ii?/iiai a?iio?oo ? iii??ia a?ia?ooieoe?y nae?aoi?iiai aia?aoo a?iio?a (A.?.Eoeiinueeee oa ni?aaao., 1982; TH.I.Iinoiaee, E.A.O?e?iiae/, 1992). Iaeiei ?c /eiiee?a, ui ni?eythoue ?aiiueiio ?icaeoeo o?ii?/iiai a?iio?oo o ianoaaeaieo iaie iaoe??io?a iieiaeiai a?eo, iiaea neoaeeoe iayai?noue o ieo aeenieac?? a?iio?a 2 nooiaiy, ui aecia/aeiny o 16,2-38,9% oa ia niinoa??aaeiny o oai?eo ia ia?aeiio iiaaiii?th (? < 0,05 - <0,001). I?iaaaeai? iaie aeine?aeaeaiiy na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui o 38,1 % oai?eo ia iiaaiii?th aac iiaoi?aiiy niinoa??aathoueny ia?aaaaeii eaoa?aeueiee aiaeia?iio?o, oa?aeoa?iith iniaeea?noth yeiai ? ii?aeiaiiy neaaei ae?aaeaieo iaa?yeo neeciai? iaieiiee a?iio?a oa a?ia?aaneoey?ecaoe?? a?iio?aeueii? no?iee. A?ia?nae?aoe?y ae?aaeaia neaaei ? nae?ao ia? neeciaee oa?aeoa?. O iaoe??io?a c ia?oith o iecoe? iiaoi?ieo iiaaiii?e (a?oia A) niinoa??aathoueny aiaeia?/i? ci?ie o a?iioao, ye? aeyaeythoue o 1,7 ?ace /ano?oa (?< 0,05). Ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c a?iioineii?/ieo ci?i o oai?eo ia iiaaiii?th aac noeeueiino? aei iiaoi?aiiy oa iiaoi?io iiaaiii?th aeyaea iayai?noue o inoaii?o iciae o?ii?/iiai aiaeia?iio?oo, /iai ia niinoa??aaeiny o oai?eo ia iiaaiii?th aac iiaoi?aiiy. Oaeee aeniiaie a?oioo?oueny ia a??ia?aeiiio, caeaaeiiio a?ae e?aoiino? caoai?thaaiiy i?aeaeuaii? /anoioe aeyaeaiiy II nooiaiy aeoeaiino? caiaeueieo ci?i o a?iioao (a?oia – aei 16,2%, a?oia – aei 50%, ii??aiyii c ia?aeiiith iiaaiii??th a?aeiia?aeii ? <0,05 oa <0,001), ui ii?aeio?oueny c? ca?eueoaiiyi iii??ii ae?aaeaii? a?ia?nae?aoe?? neeco (aei 50% i?e 6-e iiaaiii??). I?e oeueiio o cia/ii? /anoeie oai?eo io?eiaiee nae?ao iaa neeciai-ai?eiee oa?aeoa? ( a?oia – o 17,6%, a?oia – 24,1%, a?oia – 33,3%; ii??aiyii c iieacieeaie oai?eo ia iiaaiii?th aac iiaoi?aiiy a?aeiia?aeii ? <0.05, <0.01 oa <0,001). ?icaeoeo iiaoi?ieo iiaaiii?e, i/aaeaeii, ni?ey? aeenieac?y a?iio?a II – III nooiaiy, ui aeyaey?oueny o 16,2-38,9% oaeeo oai?eo ? ia aeanoeaa oai?ei ia iiaaiii?th aac iiaoi?aiue. Aeai? ii?oieia?/iiai oa ii?oiiao?e/iiai aeine?aeaeaiue i?aeoaa?aeeee ?acoeueoaoe a?iioineii?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? na?ae/aoue i?i iayai?noue o oai?eo ia iiaaiii?th eaoa?aeueiiai a?iio?oo. Eiai iniaeea?noth ? iica?/i?noue ina?aaee?a eaoa?aeueiiai caiaeaiiy c iayai?noth cii caa?aaeaiiai ai?oae?th, aacaeueiiee?oeiii? a?ia?ieac?? oa ieineiee?oeiii? iaoaieac??. Iayai?noue iaa?oue o ina?aaeeao aac caiaeaiiy i?aeaeuaiiy ia'?iii? u?eueiino? eaeeoiiiae?aieo ee?oei (o 1,1 – 1,3 ?ace ii??aiyii c eiio?ieai, p <0,05 - <0,001) ? niieo/iioeaieiieo no?oeoo? i?e 5-e ? 6-e iiaaiii?? (a?aeiia?aeii o 1,1 ? 1,2 ?ace i?ioe eiio?ieth, ? <0,01 oa <0,001) na?ae/eoue i?i iiyao o oai?eo ia iiaoi?io iiaaiii?th iciae o?ii?caoe?? caiaeueiiai i?ioeano a a?iioao, /?oe?noue yeeo ca?eueoo?oueny i?iii?oe?eii aei ca?eueoaiiy e?eueeino? ia?aianaieo iiaaiii?e. O oai?eo ia ia?aeiio iiaaiii?th aeyaeaii ?noioi? ci?ie ee?oeiiiai neeaaeo a?iioiaeueaaiey?ii? ??aeeie, ye? iieyaaee o ca?eueoaii? ai?noo iaeo?io?e?a ? ciaioaii? ??ai?a e?ioioeeo?a oa aeueaaiey?ieo iae?ioaa?a. A?eueo no?iai oea aoei ae?aaeaii o oai?eo c a?oie A. I?e oeueiio aeey oai?eo ia ia?aeiio iiaaiii?th c a?oie A aoei oa?aeoa?ii ?noioia ca?eueoaiiy niiioaiii? eenaiue-caeaaeii? iaoaaie?/ii? aeoeaiino? iae?ioaa?a ? iaeo?io?e?a eaaaaeii? ??aeeie, yea coiiaethaaei aeniaaeaiiy ?aca?ao i?aeaeuaiiy oe??? aeoeaiino? i?e noeioethaaii?. Ci?ie iaoaaie?/ii? aeoeaiino? iae?ioaa?a ? iaeo?io?e?a o oai?eo c a?oie A ii??aiyii c ii?iith ia aeyaeyeeny. Aiae?c ee?oeiiiai neeaaeo a?iioiaeueaaiey?iiai eaaaaeo o oai?eo ia iiaoi?io iiaaiii?th cana?ae/ea, ui o ieo aoei oaea naia ni?yioaaiiy eiai ci?i, ye ? o oai?eo ia ia?aeiio iiaaiii?th. Ai?no e?ioioeeo?a ? aeueaaiey?ieo iae?ioaa?a i?e ?aoeeaeeaoth/eo iiaaiii?yo ??ciiai iiaoi?aiiy ia a?ae??ciyany a?ae oaeiai o oai?eo a?oie A ? aoa a??ia?aeii aeuei, i?ae o iaoe??io?a a?oie A oa i?aeoe/ii caei?iaeo ethaeae. I?ioa i?e oeueiio o oai?eo ia iiaoi?io iiaaiii?th a?aecia/aany aenieee ??aaiue iaeo?io?e?a ii??aiyii ye c ii?iith (o 8,6-10,3 ?ace, p<0,001), oae ? c iieacieeaie a?oie A (o 3,1-3,7 ?ace, p<0,001), A (o 1,3-1,6 ?ace, p<0,05 - <0,001). Oea iiaea na?ae/eoe i?i iayai?noue o ieo a?eueo aeoeaiiai caiaeueiiai i?ioeano, i?ae i?e ia?aeii?e iiaaiii?? aac iiaoi?aiiy ? i?e ia?o?e iiaaiii?? a iecoe? iiaoi?ieo. ?ica?aeiino? oeeo iieaciee?a o a?oi oai?eo ia iiaoi?i? iiaaiii?? a?aenooi? (p>0,05).

Oai?ei c iiaoi?ieie iiaaiii?yie, ii/eiath/e c ia?oi?, ia a?aei?io a?ae
oai?eo c ia?aeiiith iiaaiii??th aac iiaoi?aiue, aeanoea? ae?aaeaia
iaeiaeiaith i??ith i?aeaeuaiiy niiioaiii? eenaiue-caeaaeii? iaoaaie?/ii?
aeoeaiino? iae?ioaa?a oa iaeo?io?e?a ? aeniaaeaiiy ?aca?ao ??
ca?eueoaiiy i?ae /an noeioeyoe??, ui iiaea na?ae/eoe i?i noeeuei?noue
aei o?ii?/iiai ia?aa?ao iaaeoae.

O oe?eiio aeine?aeaeaiiy ooieoe?? ciai?oiueiai aeeoaiiy ca aeaieie
aiae?co iaoe? “ia’?i-iio?e” o noai? niieith cana?ae/eei iayai?noue
iii?oii? ??cieoe? aaee/ei iieaciee?a o oai?eo ia iiaoi?io iiaaiii?th
ii??aiyii c ii?iith oa iieacieeaie oai?eo ia ia?aeiio iiaaiii?th. Aeey
oai?eo ia ia?aeiio iiaaiii?th aac noeeueiino? aei iiaoi?aiiy oa?aeoa?iee
ci?oaiee aa??aio aeeoaeueii? iaaeinoaoiino? aiane?aeie ii?aeiaiiy iciae
?ano?eeoe?? oa iano?oeoe?? oeaio?aeueieo aeeoaeueieo oeyo?a. O oai?eo ia
iiaoi?io iiaaiii?th oe? ci?ie noi?iaiaeaeoaaeeny iciaeaie o?aaeaiiy
ia?eoa?e/ieo a?aeae?e?a aeeoaeueieo oeyo?a. I?e oeueiio iciaee
iano?oeoe?? ia?eoa?e/ieo aeeoaeueieo oeyo?a a?aecia/aeeny aaea o
iaoe??io?a a?oie A, oiaoi i?e ia?o?e iiaaiii?? o iecoe? iiaoi?ieo. Oea,
i/aaeaeii, iiaea neoaeeoe e?eoa???i i?iaiico uiaei iiaeeeaiai
iiaoi?aiiy.

Iaea?aeai? iaie aeai? na?ae/aoue i?i a?aenooi?noue ?aaeoe?? ooieoe??
ciai?oiueiai aeeoaiiy ia oieiaeiao i?iao o caei?iaeo ethaeae oa o oai?eo
ia ia?aeiio iiaaiii?th aac noeeueiino? aei iiaoi?aiiy (a?oia A), o oie
/an ye o oai?eo ia ia?oo iiaaiii?th o iecoe? iiaoi?ieo (a?oia A) aiia
i?ecaiaeeea aei cieaeaiiy AEAE ia 26,7% (?< 0,001) aac iiaeeaeaiiy i?iya?a a?iio?aeueii? iano?oeoe??. Aeey oai?eo ia iiaoi?io iiaaiii?th, iacaeaaeii a?ae e?eueeino? caoai?thaaiue, a oiiaao oieiaeiai? i?iae oa?aeoa?ia iiaeeaeaiiy ?ano?eeoeaieo oa iano?oeoeaieo ii?ooaiue ooieoe?? ciai?oiueiai aeeoaiiy. Oea aeyaeyeiny cieaeaiiyi (ii??aiyii c aeo?aeiei ??aiai) AEAE- ia 16,3 %, IIO 25 – ia 13,5 – 24,2%, IIO 50 – ia 18,3 – 25% oa IIO 75 – ia 14-17,1%. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue na?ae/aoue i?i ci?io ?aaeoe?? a?iio?a ia i?aia?aoe a?iioie?oe/ii? ae?? caeaaeii a?ae iiaoi?aiiy iiaaiii??. I?e oeueiio o oai?eo oa a?oi oey ?aaeoe?y aoea a?aenooiy cian?i, i?e /aoaa?o?e iiaaiii?? ( a?oia) niinoa??aaeiny aeayea iie?ioaiiy o?eueee ?ioaa?aeueieo iieaciee?a ciai?oiueiai aeeoaiiy (ca?eueoaiiy IOA1/AEAE – ia 17,2%, ?< 0,05), o oai?eo oa a?oi - iie?ioaiiy i?io?aeiino? eeoa aaeeeeo a?iio?a, i?i ui na?ae/eoue ca?eueoaiiy IOA1/AEAE a?aeiia?aeii ia 15 oa 22% (?< 0,001), IIO 25 – ia 12,5% (?<0,05) oa IIO 50 – ia 14,9 oa 18,2% (?<0,05). ?aaeoe?y ?ioiii? nenoaie ia caiaeaiiy o oai?eo c a?oie A a?ae??ciyeanue a?ae ?aaeoe?? o oai?eo c a?oie A. Aoi?eiia ?ioiia a?aeiia?aeue o aeaeyae? ae?iaeaiiy Ig G o iaoe??io?a oe??? a?oie aoea ae?aaeaia iaioith i??ith, ui cae/aeii iia’ycaia c? cieaeaiiyi i?iaeoeoe?? aioeo?e oa ciaioaiiyi aaeoa?eoeeaeiino? e?ia?. I?e oeueiio niinoa??aaeiny oaeiae ciaioaiiy ??aiy Ig A, ui iiaea na?ae/eoe i?i ieae/ee caoeno neeciaeo iaieiiie. Ci?ie aeine?aeaeoaaieo iieaciee?a o oai?eo ia iiaoi?i? iiaaiii?? ii??aiyii c iieacieeaie oai?eo c a?oi A oa A iaee iaeiini?yiiaaiee oa?aeoa? oa ia caeaaeaee a?ae e?eueeino? caoai?thaaiue. O oeeo iaoe??io?a niinoa??aaeiny i?aeaeuaiiy (ii??aiyii c eiio?ieueieie aaee/eiaie) ??ai?a Ig G o 1,3-1,9 ?ace, Ig A - o 3 – 4,6 ?ace, Oe?E – o 1,6 – 1,9 ?ace oa cieaeaiiy AAN – ?OE o 1,3-1,4 ?ace (a on?o aeiaaeeao ?<0,001). Iaea?aeai? iaie aeai? aeacothoue ia iayai?noue ae?aaeaieo ci?i ee?oeiiiai ?ioi?oaoo o oai?eo ia iiaoi?i? iiaaiii??, nooi?iue yeeo caeaaeaa a?ae e?eueeino? iiaoi?aiue oai?iae. Oe? ci?ie noinoaaeeny ia?aaaaeii noaio O-ee?oei ? iieyaaee o cieaeaii? o oai?eo c iiaoi?aiiyie caoai?thaaiiy iiiaae o?ueio ?ac?a ai?noo (a a?aenioeao) A-?OE (a 1,5 - 2,7 ?ace, ? <0,01 - <0,001), aeoeaieo A-?OE (o 1,1-1,3 ?ace, ? <0,05 - <0,001), O-oaeia??a (o 1,4-1,8 ?ace, a on?o aeiaaeeao ? <0,001) oa ca?eueoaii? ai?noo O-noi?ani??a (o 1,1-1,2 ?ace, ? <0,001). Ii?yae ?c aeenaaeainii ai?noo O- e?ioioeeo?a o oai?eo ia iiaoi?io iiaaiii?th aoei iii?/aii cieaeaiiy ?o ooieoe?iiaeueii? aeoeaiino? ca iieacieeaie ?AOE c OAA (o 1,1 - 1,4 ?ace ii??aiyii c iieacieeaie oai?eo ia ia?oo iiaaiii?th, ? <0,01 - <0,001). Cieaeaiiy ai?noo AAN-?OE niinoa??aaeiny eeoa o oai?eo a?oie (a 1,5 ?ace, ? <0,01). Iaea?aeai? iaie aeai? na?ae/aoue i?i oi?ioaaiiy oa i?ia?anoaaiiy caeaaeii a?ae iiaoi?aiiy oai?iae o oai?eo ia iiaoi?io iiaaiii?th oeio ?ioiiiaoieia?/iiai noaio (I.A.*o/ae?i, 1989) – aeenaaeaino O-e?ioioeeo?a o ii?aeiaii? c? cieaeaiiyi ooieoe?iiaeueii? aeoeaiino? oeeo ee?oei, ui oa?aeoa?ii aeey ??ciiiai?oieo aa??aio?a iaaooeo ?ioiiaeao?oeeo?a. A?aoiaoth/e aeyaeai? iaie ci?ie iieaciee?a ?ioiieia?/ii? ?aaeoeaiino? o oai?eo ia iiaoi?i? iiaaiii??, e?eoaaeueia oaeoeea uiaei cacia/aii? eaoaai??? oai?eo iiaeiia a?ae??ciyoeny a?ae o?aaeeoe?eii?. Aeoiaey/e ?c ??ciiai ni?yioaaiiy ci?i O-e?ioioeeo?a c oaeia?ieie oa noi?ani?ieie aeanoeainoyie, aeieea? iaiao?aei?noue o ?o aeeoa?aioe?eiaai?e ei?aeoe??. Oioaeueia noeioeyoe?y aai oioaeueia aeai?an?y ?ioi?oaoo a oeueiio aeiaaeeo, ia iaoo aeoieo, ? iaaeioe?eueiith oa iaaacia/iith uiaei iiaeeeaiai iiaeaeueoiai aeenaaeaino ?ioiii? nenoaie. C o?aooaaiiyi aeyaeaieo iaie cacia/aieo aeua ci?i aeey a?aeiiaeaiiy ee?oeiiiai ?ioi?oaoo o oai?eo ia iiaoi?i? iiaaiii?? aeioe?eueii ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe i?aia?aoe caa?oaeeiii? caeice, a naia: oeiicei, oeiiiiaoei, oeiae?i, O-aeoea?i, ui iaeaaeaoue aei iaioeae?a ? oe?eani?yiiaaii aieeaathoue ia O-ee?oeie. AENIIAEE 1. Iiaoi?i? iiaaiii?? o a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a no?ieiai? neoaeae, ?icaeoie yeeo niinoa??aa?oueny a 52.5% aeiaaeeao oeueiai caoai?thaaiiy, iathoue a?eueo aaaeeee ia?aa?a ii??aiyii c iiaaiii?yie aac noeeueiino? aei iiaoi?aiiy, i?iyaii /iai ? ca?eueoaiiy /anoioe oi?i c ia?aa?aii na?aaeiuei? aaaeeino? aei 88,8%, aai ia 23,0%. I?e oeueiio niinoa??aa?oueny caeaaeia a?ae e?eueeino? ia?aianaieo ?ai?o iiaaiii?e ciaioaiiy ?ioa?aaeo i?ae iiaaiii?yie c (7,71,0) i?n. i?ney ia?oiai aeiaaeeo caoai?thaaiiy aei (4,30,6) i?n. i?ney iyoiai. 2. Aeey oai?eo ia iiaoi?i? iiaaiii?? oa?aeoa?iei ? ?icaeoie no?oeoo?ieo ci?i a?iio?a, ye? na?ae/aoue i?i o?ii?caoe?th caiaeueiiai i?ioeano oa ca?eueoaiiy eiai aeoeaiino?, a oaeiae /anoioe ?a?no?aoe?? aeenieac?? a?iio?a nooiaith. *anoioa oa ae?aaeai?noue oeeo ii?oieia?/ieo ci?i c?inoathoue ?c ca?eueoaiiyi iiaoi?iino? iiaaiii??. 3. Aeey oai?eo ia iiaoi?io iiaaiii?th, ia a?aei?io a?ae iaoe??io?a c iiaaiii??th aac noeeueiino? aei iiaoi?aiiy, aeanoeaei ? ca?eueoaiiy e?eueeino? iaeo?io?e?a oa aeueaaiey?ieo iae?ioaa?a a a?iioiaeueaaiey?i?e ??aeei?, ui noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny i?aeaeuaiiyi niiioaiii? eenaiuecaeaaeii? iaoaaie?/ii? aeoeaiino? oeeo ee?oei c? ciaioaiiyi ?? ?aca?ao i?e noeioeyoe??. Oe? ii?ooaiiy ianiaoeeo?/iiai ee?oeiiiai caoenoo eaaaiue, ye?, iiaeeeai, a?aeia?aaeathoue a?eueo aenieo aeoeai?noue caiaeaiiy oa eiai ai?eii-aeano?oeoeaio ni?yiiaai?noue, ?icaeaathoueny aaea i?e ia?o?e a ?yaeo iiaoi?ieo iiaaiii?e oa ia caeaaeaoue ca nai?th ae?aaeai?noth a?ae e?eueeino? ?ai?o ia?aianaieo caoai?thaaiue. 4. Aeine?aeaeaiiy ooieoe?? ciai?oiueiai aeeoaiiy o oai?eo ia iiaoi?io iiaaiii?th iieacaei iayai?noue o ieo iciae o?aaeaiiy ia?eoa?e/ieo a?aeae?e?a aeeoaeueieo oeyo?a oa ci?i ?aaeoeaiino? a?iio?aeueiiai aea?aaa ca aeaieie oieiaeiai? i?iae oa i?iae c aa?ioaeii, ui ia aoei oa?aeoa?iei aeey oai?eo ia iiaaiii?th aac noeeueiino? aei iiaoi?aiiy. I?e oeueiio, ii/eiath/e c ia?oi? a ?yaeo iiaoi?ieo iiaaiii?e, iacaeaaeii a?ae e?eueeino? ia?aianaieo ?ai?o caoai?thaaiue, a oiiaao oieiaeiai? i?iae niinoa??aa?oueny iineeaiiy ?ano?eeoeaieo oa iano?oeoeaieo iciae ii?ooaiiy ooieoe?? ciai?oiueiai aeeoaiiy, ui noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny cia/iei ciaioaiiyi a?iioiaeeeaoaoi?ii? ?aaeoe?? ia aa?ioae aei ?? a?aenooiino? i?e 5-io oa 6-io caoai?thaaii?. 5. Aeine?aeaeaiiy ?ioiiiai noaoono o oai?eo ia iiaoi?io iiaaiii?th na?ae/eoue i?i oi?ioaaiiy oa i?ia?anoaaiiy ?c ca?eueoaiiyi e?eueeino? ia?aianaieo caoai?thaaiue noaio ?ioiiaeao?oeeoo, yeee oa?aeoa?ecothoue ciaioaiiy e?eueeino? O-e?ioioeeo?a oa ?o ooieoe?iiaeueii? aeoeaiino?, aieiaiei /eiii ca ?aooiie oaio?e?i/ooeeaeo ee?oei i?e ca?eueoaii? ci?noo ee?oei ?c noi?ani?ieie aeanoeainoyie, ui noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny ciaioaiiyi ??aiy IgG oa IgA a oaeiae ca?eueoaiiyi Oe?E oa Ig E. 6. Oaeoi?aie ?eceeo iiaoi?iiai ?icaeoeo iiaaiii?? o a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a no?ieiai? neoaeae ?: · Iayai?noue aeenieac?? a?iio?a nooiaith oa aeua ca I.I.Aie/aeii oa ni?aaao. (1995) ca aeaieie a?iioineii?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy. · I?aeaeuaiiy niiioaiii? eenaiue-caeaaeii? iaoaaie?/ii? aeoeaiino? iaeo?io?e?a oa iae?ioaa?a a eaaaaei?e ??aeei? ca aeaieie INO-oanoo. · Iayai?noue iciae iano?oeoe?? ia?eoa?e/ieo aeeoaeueieo oeyo?a i?e aeine?aeaeaii? ooieoe?? ciai?oiueiai aeeoaiiy oa ?? iia??oaiiy a oiiaao oieiaeiai? i?iae oa ciaioaiiy ?aaeoeaiino? a?iio?a ia i?aia?aoe c a?iioie?oe/iith ae??th. · Iayai?noue V oeio ?iioiiiaoieia?/iiai noaio ca I.A.*o/ae?iei (1989) - aeenaaeaino noaiiioeyoe?e O-e?ioioeeo?a a ii?aeiaii? ?c cieaeaiiyi ooieoe?iiaeueii? aeoeaiino? oeeo ee?oei. 7. C o?aooaaiiyi iniaeeainoae ee?i?/iiai ia?aa?ao caoai?thaaiiy, ii?oieia?/ieo ci?i a?iio?a, noaio ianiaoeeo?/iiai ee?oeiiiai caoenoo eaaaiue oa ?ioiieia?/ii? ?aaeoeaiino?, ye? aoee aeyaeai? o oai?eo ia iiaoi?i? iiaaiii??, ne?ae i?eae?eyoe iniaeeao oaaao aaeaeaaoi?e aioeaaeoa??aeuei?e oa?ai??, caoiaeai ii caaacia/aiith a?iio?aeueii? i?io?aeiino?, a oaeiae ?ioiiiiaeoeyoe??. Oaeeo oai?eo, a oaeiae oeo, ooi ia?ai?n ia?oo iiaaiii?th c i?aeaeuaiei ?eceeii iiaoi?iino?, aeioe?eueii a?aoe ia aeeniaina?iee iae?e aeey i?iaaaeaiiy aoi?eiii? i?io?eaeoeee. I?AEOE*I? ?AEIIAIAeAOe?? 1. *anoioa iiaoi?ieo iiaaiii?e o a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a no?ieiai? neoaeae (52.5% an?o aeiaaee?a iiaaiii??) oa iiaycaia c oeei cia/ia ciaioaiiy i?aoeacaeaoiino? a oaeiae a?eueo aaaeeee ia?aa?a iiaoi?ieo caoai?thaaiue ii??aiyii c ia?aeiieie aeiaaeeaie c oi?ioaaiiyi no?oeoo?ieo ci?i a?iio?a coiiaeththoue aeooaeuei?noue i?iaiicoaaiiy oeueiai caoai?thaaiiy ui aeicaiey? iioei?coaaoe i?aai?caoe?th eiai ia?aeiii? oa aoi?eiii? i?io?eaeoeee. Aaaeeeaiai cia/aiiy a cayceo c oeei iaaoaa? oaeiae aeeiiaiiy caoiae?a, ni?yiiaaieo ia ia?aeiio oa aoi?eiio i?io?eaeoeeo iiaaiii?? a a?enueeao. 2. C iaoith i?iaiicoaaiiy iiaoi?iiai ?icaeoeo iiaaiii?? aeioe?eueii aeei?enoiaoaaoe oae? e?eoa???: n i?aeaeuaiiy niiioaiii? eenaiuecaeaaeii? iaoaaie?/ii? aeoeaiino? iaeo?io?e?a oa iae?ioaa?a eaaaaeii? ??aeeie ca aeaieie INO-oanoo; n iayai?noue iciae iano?oeoe?? ia?eoa??eieo aeeoaeueieo oeyo?a i?e aeine?aeaeaii? ooieoe?? ciai?oiueiai aeeoaiiy oa ?o iia??oaiiy a oiiaao oieiaeiai? i?iae. 3. A cayceo ?c a?eueo aaaeeei ee?i?/iei ia?aa?aii iiaoi?ieo iiaaiii?e ?c noeeuei?noth aei aeniei? aeoeaiino? caiaeueiiai i?ioeano oa eiai o?ii?caoe??, e?eoaaiiy oaeeo oai?eo ne?ae i?iaiaeeoe a oiiaao noaoe?iia?o i?ae ?aoaeueiei ee?i?ei-?aioaaiieia?/iei niinoa?aaeaiiyi ?c caaacia/aiiyi aaeaeaaoii? aioeaaeoa??aeueii? oa?ai??, i?e iaiao?aeiino? - aeaiia eo?naie, aei iiaiiai ee?i?/iiai iaeoaeaiiy. C o?aooaaiiyi aeanoeaiai oeei oai?ei ?ioiiaeao?oeeoo a ?o e?eoaaii? ne?ae aeei?enoiaoaaoe ?ioiiiiaeoeyoi?e, a oiio /ene? - i?aia?aoe oeiona (oeiae?i, O-aeoea?i oa ?i.). Eo?niaa e?eoaaiiy oeeie i?aia?aoaie ne?ae iiaoi?thaaoe aeaa ?ace ia ??e a in?ii?e oa aaniyiee ia??iaee i?ioyaii ia iaio iaeiiai ?ieo i?ney inoaiiueiai caoai?thaaiiy. 4. A cayceo c ii?ooaiiyie ?aaeoeaiino? a?iio?aeueiiai aea?aaa, ye? aeanoea? oai?ei ia iiaoi?i? iiaaiii??, ?o ianoaaeaiiy iiaeiii aeeth/aoe aecia/aiiy iieaciee?a ooieoe?? ciai?oiueiai aeeoaiiy a oiiaao oieiaeiai? i?iae oa i?iae c aa?ioaeii, oa c o?aooaaiiyi ?o ?acoeueoao?a i?iaiaeeoe oa?ai?th a?iioiiano?oeoeaiiai neiae?iio. 5. Oai?? ia iiaoi?i? iiaaiii??, a oaeiae ia ia?aeii? iiaaiii?? i?e iayaiino? oaeoi??a ?eceeo ?o iiaoi?iino?, iio?aaothoue aeeniaina?iiai niinoa?aaeaiiy, yea aeioe?eueii i?iaiaeeoe i?ioyaii ia iaio iaeiiai ?ieo i?ney inoaiiueiai caoai?thaaiiy, aeey ?aae?caoe?? caoiae?a ni?yiiaaieo ia aoi?eiio i?io?eaeoeeo. A oe? caoiaee, ie??i i?io?eaeoeee ?ani??aoi?ieo ?ioaeoe?e oa a?iioiiano?oeoeaiiai neiae?iio, ne?ae aeeth/aoe eo?ne oa?ai?? i?aia?aoaie c ?ioiiiiaeoethth/eie aeanoeainoyie (oeiae?i, O-aeoea?i oa ?i.) aea?/? ia ??e a aaniyii-in?ii?e ia??iae. NIENIE ?IA?O, IAAe?OEIAAIEO CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe?? 1. Aie/ae I.I., Noaoaithe I.O. I?eiaiaiea aioo?eoeaiaaiai yeaeo?ioi?aca a eiiieaeniii ea/aiee ino?ie iiaaiiiee oyaeaeiai oa/aiey o aieueiuo iieiaeiai aic?anoa A?a/aaiia aeaei.- 1994.- 5-6.- N. 128 - 130. 2. Noaoaithe I.O. Ninoiyiea ?aaeoeaiinoe a?iioia o aieueiuo ia?ae/iie e iiaoi?iie iiaaiiieyie A?a/aaiia aeaei.- 1998.- 3.- N. 65-68. 3. Aiiniaa A.I., Aie/ae I.I., Noaoaithe I.O., Neaei?iaa E.E., Nyaa I.N., Aoo?ei A.E. Eiioiiua ia?ooaiey e eo ei??aeoeey o aieueiuo ia?ae/iie e iiaoi?iie iiaaiiieae A?a/aaiia aeaei.- 1998.- 3.- n. 59-62. 4. Aie/ae I.I., Noaoaithe I.O., Aeaienthe A.E., Eaeaoieeia I.A., Nyaa I.N., Aoo?ei A.E. No?oeoo?iua e ii?oieiae/aneea eciaiaiey a?iioia o aieueiuo ia?ae/iie e iiaoi?iie iiaaiiieae I?iaeaiu aiaiiiai cae?aaiio?aiaieay e iooe aai ?acaeoey (Nai?iee iao/iuo o?oaeia).- Eeaa, 1997.- N. 226-228. 5. Noaoaithe I.O. Eeeieea, aeeaaiinoeea e ea/aiea iiaoi?iuo a?iioiiiaaiiiee // Nia?aiaiiua aniaeou aiaiiie iaaeeoeeiu (Nai?iee iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneeo ?aaio).- Eeaa, 1997.- N. 217-219. 6. Noaoaithe I.O. I?e/eiu iiaoi?iuo ino?uo iiaaiiiee e eo i?ioeeaeoeea o aiaiiineoaeaueo n?i/iie neoaeau Nia?aiaiiua aniaeou aiaiiie iaaeeoeeiu (Iaoa?eaeu THaeeaeiie iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneie eiioa?aioeee AAEA II Oe?aeiu).- Eeaa, 1995.- N. 211-212. 7. Eica/ie I.I., Noaoaithe I.O., A?iiiaa A.A. Ineiaeiaiey ino?uo iiaaiiiee o eeoe iieiaeiai aic?anoa // Nia?aiaiiua aniaeou aiaiiie iaaeeoeeiu (Nai?iee iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneeo ?aaio).- Eeaa, 1997.- N. 247-248. 8. Noaoaithe I.O., *eae A.A. I?eiaiaiea oeeo?aia o aieueiuo ino?uie iiaaiiieyie // Nia?aiaiiua aniaeou aiaiiie iaaeeoeeiu (Nai?iee iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneeo ?aaio).- Eeaa, 1997.- N. 216. 9. Noaoaithe I.O., Anaoethe E.E. Eioaineaiay oa?aiey aieueiuo n oyaeaeuie iiaaiiieyie Iaoa?eaeu iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneie eiioa?aioeee AAEA II Oe?aeiu.- Eeaa, 1993. - N. 135 - 137. 10. Anaoethe E.E., Noaoaithe I.O., Aie/ae I.I. Aeeyiea aeaoeoeeoa iannu oaea ia aicieeiiaaiea e oa/aiea ino?uo iiaaiiiee o aiaiiineoaeaueo n?i/iie neoaeau Iaoa?eaeu iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneie eiioa?aioeee AAEA II Oe?aeiu.- Eeaa, 1993. - N. 68 -70. 11. Anaoethe E.E., Noaoaithe I.O. Yooaeoeaiinoue aioo?ei?aaiiiai yeaeo?ioi?aca a ea/aiee aieueiuo ino?ie iiaaiiieae n oyaeaeui oa/aieai o aiaiiineoaeaueo n?i/iie neoaeau Iaoa?eaeu iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneie eiioa?aioeee AAEA II Oe?aeiu.- Eeaa, 1993. - N. 70 - 71. 12. Noaoaithe I.O. Aeaoeoeeo iannu oaea eae iaeei ec oaeoi?ia, niinianoaothueo aicieeiiaaieth ino?uo iiaaiiiee Iaoa?eaeu 4-ai Iaoeeiiaeueiiai eiia?anna ii aieaciyi i?aaiia aeuoaiey (oacenu aeieeaaeia).- Iineaa, 1994.- N. 879. 13. Noaoaithe I.O. I?ioeeaeoeea e aeeaaiinoeea aoi?e/iuo iiaaiiiee ii iaoa?eaeai AAEA II Oe?aeiu Iaoa?eaeu 4-ai Iaoeeiiaeueiiai eiia?anna ii aieaciyi i?aaiia aeuoaiey (oacenu aeieeaaeia).- Iineaa, 1994.- N. 301. 14. Aie/ae I.I., Eaeaoieeia I.A., Eaieoi A.I., Noaoaithe I.O., Anaoethe E.E.. I iiaii iiaeoiaea a a?iioineiie/aneie aeeaaiinoeea aeenieacee a?iioia a aniaeoa i?aaeioa?auaiey o?iiecaoeee ainiaeeoaeueiuo caaieaaaiee eaaeeo Oacenu aeieeaaeia ?anioaeeeaineie iao/.-i?aeo. eiioa?aioeee “Iiaua aeinoeaeaiey a ?aiiae aeeaaiinoeea e oa?aiee ainiaeeoaeueiuo caaieaaaiee i?aaiia aeuoaiey, i?aaeoi?aaeaeaiea o?iiecaoeee caaieaaaiee”.- Oa?ueeia, 1995.- N. 9-10. 15. Aie/ae I.I., Noaoaithe I.O., ssiia A.N. Eeeieei-ii?oieiae/aneee aiaeec eaoaeueiuo enoiaeia i?e ino?uo iiaaiiieyo, ineiaeiaiiuo eioaeoeeiiii-oiene/aneei oieii c?cae ooec?ao??a oa ioeueiiiieia?a Oe?a?ie (oace aeiiia?aeae). - Aeiieoey, 14-16 aa?aniy 1993.- N. 53-54. Noaoaithe I.O. Ii?oiooieoe?iiaeueiee noai a?iio?a, ci?ie caaaeueiiai ?ioi?oaoo oa ianiaoeeo?/iiai ee?oeiiiai caoenoo eaaaiue i?e iiaoi?ieo a?iioiiiaaiii?yo o a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a no?ieiai? neoaeae. - ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 14.01.27.- ioeueiiiieia?y.- ?inoeooo ooec?ao??? oa ioeueiiiieia?? ?i. O.A.ssiianueeiai AII Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1999 ?. Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia i?iaeaiai i?iaiicoaaiiy iiaoi?iiai ?icaeoeo iiaaiii?? o a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a no?ieiai? neoaeae, ?ic?iaee ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e c iioei?caoe?? e?eoaaiiy, ia?aeiii? oa iiaoi?ii? i?io?eaeoeee oe??? oai?iae. O i?aoe? aiae?cothoueny iniaeeaino? ee?i?/iiai ia?aa?ao, no?oeoo?ii-ooieoe?iiaeueieo ci?i a?iio?a, ianiaoeeo?/iiai ee?oeiiiai caoenoo eaaaiue oa ?ioiiiai noaoono o oai?eo iiaoi?ieie iiaaiii?yie. Aeey ii??aiyiiy iaaiaeyoueny aiaeia?/i? iieacieee oai?eo ia iiaaiii?th aac noeeueiino? aei iiaoi?aiiy. Caoaaaeaii iayai?noue iii?oii? ??cieoe? uiaei aiae?ciaaieo iieaciee?a o oai?eo ia iiaoi?i? iiaaiii?? oa iiaaiii?? aac noeeueiino? aei iiaoi?aiiy. Cai?iiiiiaaii ?ioi?iaoeai? e?eoa??? i?iaiicoaaiiy iiaoi?iiai ia?aa?ao oai?iae, ?ic?iaeaii ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? noiniaii ia?aeiii? oa aoi?eiii? i?io?eaeoeee caoai?thaaiiy o a?enueeiaeo c?aeiaiiyo Oe?a?ie. Eeth/ia? neiaa: iiaoi?ia iiaaiii?y, ?aaeoeai?noue a?iio?a, ianiaoeeo?/iee caoeno eaaai?a, ?ioiiee noaoon, e?eoaaiiy, ia?aeiia oa aoi?eiia i?io?eaeoeea. Noaoaithe I.O. Ii?oiooieoeeiiaeueiia ninoiyiea a?iioia, eciaiaiey iauaai eiioieoaoa e ianiaoeeoe/aneie eeaoi/iie caueou eaaeeo i?e iiaoi?iuo a?iioiiiaaiiieyo o aiaiiineoaeaueo n?i/iie neoaeau.- ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeeoeeineeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14.01.27.- ioeueiiiieiaey.- Einoeooo ooeceao?ee e ioeueiiiieiaee ei. O.A.ssiianeiai AII Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1999. Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai i?iaiice?iaaiey iiaoi?iiai ?acaeoey iiaaiiiee o aiaiiineoaeaueo n?i/iie neoaeau, ?ac?aaioee ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii iioeiecaoeee ea/aiey, ia?ae/iie e iiaoi?iie i?ioeeaeoeee iiaaiiiee. A ?aaioa i?iaiaeeony aiaeec iniaaiiinoae eeeie/aneiai oa/aiey, no?oeoo?ii-ooieoeeiiaeueiuo eciaiaiee a?iioia, ianiaoeeoe/aneie eeaoi/iie caueou eaaeeo e eiioiiiai noaoona o aieueiuo iiaoi?iuie iiaaiiieyie ii n?aaiaieth n oaeeie iiaaiiieyie aac neeiiiinoe e iiaoi?iinoe. A ?acoeueoaoa i?iaaaeaiiiai enneaaeiaaiey iieacaii, /oi o aiaiiineoaeaueo n?i/iie neoaeau Oe?aeiu iiaoi?iua iiaaiiiee eiatho aieaa oyaeaeia oa/aiea ii n?aaiaieth ni nii?aaee/aneeie neo/ayie caaieaaaiey. Ii aeaiiui yiaeineiie/aneiai enneaaeiaaiey, aeey aieueiuo iiaoi?iuie iiaaiiieyie, a ioee/ea io iiaaiiiee aac neeiiiinoe e iiaoi?iinoe, oa?aeoa?ii oaaee/aiea /anoiou ano?a/aaiinoe aeenieacee a?iioia e iaee/ea i?eciaeia o?iie/aneiai yiaeia?iioeoa. *anoioa e au?aaeaiiinoue yoeo ii?oieiae/aneeo eciaiaiee ia?anoatho n oaaee/aieai iiaoi?iinoe iiaaiiiee. Eco/aiea ninoiyiey ianiaoeeoe/aneie eeaoi/iie caueou eaaeeo ii aeaiiui aiaeeca eeaoi/iiai ninoaaa a?iioiaeueaaiey?iiai niuaa iieacaei, /oi aeey aieueiuo iiaoi?iuie iiaaiiieyie oa?aeoa?ii oaaee/aiea niaea?aeaiey a a?iioiaeueaaiey?iie aeeaeeinoe iaeo?ioeeia e aeueaaiey?iuo iae?ioaaia, /oi nii?iaiaeaeaaony iiauoaieai niiioaiiie eenei?iaecaaeneiie iaoaaiee/aneie aeoeaiinoe yoeo eeaoie n enoiuaieai aa ?aca?aa i?e noeioeyoeee. Yoe eciaiaiey, io?aaeathuea aieaa aunieoth aeoeaiinoue ainiaeaiey e aai aiieii-aeano?oeoeaioth iai?aaeaiiinoue, ?acaeaathony oaea i?e ia?aie a ?yaeo iiaoi?iuo iiaaiiiee, e ia caaenyo ii naiae au?aaeaiiinoe io /enea ia?aianaiiuo ?aiaa caaieaaaiee. I?e eco/aiee ooieoeeiiaeueiiai ninoiyiey a?iioia o aieueiuo iiaoi?iuie iiaaiiieyie auyaeaiu nouanoaaiiua eciaiaiey ?aaeoeaiinoe a?iioeaeueiiai aea?aaa ia oieiaeiaua aicaeaenoaey e aaeuoaiea a?iioieeoeea aa?ioaea. Iieacaii, /oi a ioee/ea io neo/aaa aaeeinoaaiiiai caaieaaaiey, o iaoeeaioia n iiaoi?ythueieny iiaaiiieyie eiatho ianoi i?eciaee a?iioeaeueiie iano?oeoeee ia?eoa?e/aneeo aeuoaoaeueiuo iooae n eo onoaoaeaieai a oneiaeyo oieiaeiaie i?iau e caaeneiui io iiaoi?iinoe caaieaaaiey nieaeaieai ?aaeoeee ia a?iioieeoee. I?iaaaeaiiue aiaeec ninoiyiey aoii?aeueiiai e eeaoi/iiai eiioieoaoa naeaeaoaeuenoaoao i iaee/ee o aieueiuo iiaoi?iuie iiaaiiieyie i?eciaeia i?eia?aoaiiiai eiioiiaeaoeoeeoa, oa?aeoa?ecothuaainy nieaeaieai niaea?aeaiey O-eeioioeeoia e eo ooieoeeiiaeueiie aeoeaiinoe, a iniiaiii ca n/ao oaioeeeei/oanoaeoaeueiuo eeaoie i?e oaaee/aiee niaea?aeaiey eeaoie, iaeaaeathueo noi?ani?iuie naienoaaie, /oi nii?iaiaeaeaaony oiaiueoaieai o?iaiae IgG, IgA e iiauoaieai OeEE e IgE. Au?aaeaiiinoue yoeo eciaiaiee ei??aee?iaaea n eiee/anoaii ia?aianaiiuo caaieaaaiee. Aiaeec iieo/aiiuo ?acoeueoaoia iicaieee i?aaeeiaeeoue eioi?iaoeaiua e?eoa?ee i?iaiice?iaaiey iiaoi?iiai ?acaeoey iiaaiiiee o aiaiiineoaeaueo n?i/iie neoaeau e ?ac?aaioaoue ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii ia?ae/iie e aoi?e/iie i?ioeeaeoeea yoiai caaieaaaiey a aieineeo niaaeeiaieyo Oe?aeiu. Eeth/aaua neiaa: iiaoi?iay iiaaiiiey, ?aaeoeaiinoue a?iioia, ianiaoeeoe/aneay caueoa eaaeeo, eiioiiue noaoon, ea/aiea, ia?ae/iay e aoi?e/iay i?ioeeaeoeea. Stefanyuk M.F. The Morphological and Functional State of the Bronchi, Alterations in General Immunity and Nonspecific Cellular Lung Protection Under Repeated Bronchopneumonias in Servicemen at Call-up Period.- Manuscript. Thesis for candidate’s degree by speciality 14. 01. 27.- pulmonology. - Institute of Phtisiology and Pulmonology of the Academy of Medical Sciense of Ukraine, Kyiv, 1999. The dissertation is dedicated to problems of prognostication pf recurring pneumonia generation among servicemen during call-up period, elaboration of recommendations for optimal therapy, initial and secondary prophylaxy of this disease. Features of clinical course, of structural and functional changes in bronchi, of nonspecific lung protection and immune state in patients with recurrent pneumonia are analysed in the work. Analogic parameters in pneumonia patients with no disposition towards recurrence of the disease are present for comparison. A remarkable distinction concerning the parameters analysed in patients with repeated pneumonia and pneumonia with no inclination for repetition has been marked. Informative criteria for prognostication of recurrent disease have been detected and recommendations concerning primary and secondary prevention in Ukraine military formations were elaborated. Key words: recurrent pneumonia, bronchus reactivity, nonspecific lung protection, immune state, therapy, primary and secondary prevention.

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