I?i?noa?noai ioi?iie caei?ia’y Oe?a?ie

Oa?iii?euenueea aea?aeaaia iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y

?i. ?. ss.Ai?aa/aanueeiai

A?EOeOEssE AIEIAeEIE? AIAAeAIIAE*

OAeE 611.631:616.34 — 007.43

II?OI-OOIEOe?IIAEUeIEE NOAI E?IAIIINIIAI ?ONEA ? IA?AIO?IE ss?*EA I?E
IAOAEII?E A?EAE? OA I?NEss IEANOEEE

IAOAEIIIAI EAIAEO

14.03.01 – ii?iaeueia aiaoii?y

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

Oa?iii?eue — 1999 Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? ii?iaeueii? aiaoii?? ?aaii-O?aie?anueei?
aea?aeaaii? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? IIC Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:

caneoaeaiee ae?y/ iaoee ? oaoi?ee Oe?a?ie, aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe,
i?ioani? Oooea Aiaaeai Aaneeueiae/,

?aaii-O?aie?anueea aea?aeaaia iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e
ii?iaeueii? aiaoii??

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,

Aiaothe Ieoaeei Noaiaiiae/,

Oa?iii?euenueea aea?aeaaia iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y ?i. ?. Ai?aa/aanueeiai,
caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e ii?iaeueii? aiaoii??

Caneoaeaiee ae?y/ ia?iaeii? ina?oe Oe?a?ie, aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe,
i?ioani?,

Oiiea Aeuea??a A?eai??aia,

Aei?i?iiao?ianueea aea?aeaaia iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e
iia?aoeaii? o??o?a?? ? oiiia?ao?/ii? aiaoii??

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:

Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i. I.I. Aiaiiieueoey IIC Oe?a?ie,
eaoaae?a ii?iaeueii? aiaoii??, i. Ee?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 23 ea?oiy 1999 ?ieo i 14 aiae. ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 58.601.01 o Oa?iii?euenuee?e aea?aeaai?e
iaaee/i?e aeaaeai?? ?i. ?. Ai?aa/aanueeiai ca aae?anith: 282001, i.
Oa?iii?eue, Iaeaeai Aie?, 1.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?iii?euenueei?
aea?aeaaii? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? ?i. ?.Ai?aa/aanueeiai IIC Oe?a?ie
(280001, i. Oa?iii?eue, Iaeaeai Aie?, 1).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii “_19_” _,aa?aciy__ 1999 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? E?O I.I.

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. I?iaeaia /ieia?/iai aacie?aeaey caeeoa?oueny
iino?eii aeooaeueiith. Oea iia’ycaii c aenieith /ooeea?noth ia?aio?ie
y?/ie aei aieeao ??ciiiai?oieo oaeoi??a ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua (I.I.
Oa?ania, 1990; A.A. Ioaa/ia, A.A. ?aaeieeiia, A.?. ??aniaa, 1995; I.A.
Ianooo, 1996; Y.J. Suominen, 1995).

Oey i?iaeaia ia? ae?aaeaiee nioe?aeueiee oa?aeoa?, ai a inoaii? ?iee
c?inoa? e?euee?noue aacie?aeieo oetha?a, i?e oeueiio 30-60 % c ieo
coiiaeai? ?iceaaeaie caie?aeithth/i? caeaoiino? noi?oaa. Ia??aeei
i?e/eiith cieaeaiiy nia?iaoiaaiii? oa aiaeie?eiii? ooieoe?e y?/ea ?
aino?? ? o?ii?/i? ?iceaaee e?iaiia?ao a iueiio (N.N. ?aeoeeia, 1985; A.A
Oiiea, 1993; A.A. Oooea, 1996; A.M. Romanenko, I.N. Malyskin, 1996).
Inoaii? a?aeaoaathoueny i?e iayaiino? iaoaeiii? a?eae?, ai?no eio?i?
noai?th? ia??iaee/io aai iino?eio eiii?an?th ia e?iaiiini? noaeeie
n?i’yiiai eaiaoeea. Ia??aeei naia iia?aoe?y aeae?eaiiy a?eaeiaiai i?oea
iaaaoeaii aieeaa? ia y?/ei a ca’yceo c eiii?an??th noaeei oa ia?a?a
n?i’yiiai eaiaoeea, ?o ii?aiaiiyi ? ia?aa’yceith, aoyaoaaiiyi o
?oaaoeue, o?iiaicii. Oea aeeeeea? oee?eoeyoi?io a?iien?th a i?aai? oa
ianooiio eiai ao?io?th ? aacie?aeaey (A.A. Oooea, 1990; T. Matsuda,
Y. Hiura, K. Muquruma, 1996).

Ia?aaaaeia a?eueo?noue ?ia?o, i?enay/aieo ieanoeoe? iaoaeiiiai eaiaeo,
noino?oueny iaae?eiino? oiai /e ?ioiai niiniao a ieai? cieaeaiiy
iiaeeeaiai ?aoeeaeeao a?eae?. Ioe?ithth/e a?aeaeaeai? ?acoeueoaoe
aa?i?iieanoeee, o??o?ae ia caaaeaee iaaeathoue aeinoaoiuei? oaaae oaeei
oneeaaeiaiiyi, ye i?neyiia?aoe?eiee iaa?ye y?/ea ? eaeeoee, /anoeia?e
ao?io?? y?/ea ia noi?ii? iia?aoe??. Oe? oneeaaeiaiiy ia??aeei iiaeooue
aooe i?e/eiith no?oeoo?ii-ooieoe?iiaeueieo ii?ooaiue a y?/eo, a oiio
/ene? ?iceaae?a nia?iaoiaaiaco, oi/a a aaaaoueio iiiia?ao?yo c ieoaiue
aa?i?iieanoeee oey i?iaeaia cian?i ia aena?oeth?oueny. ?acii c oei,
aeine?aeaeaiiy ?ai?iaeoeoeaii? ooieoe?? noaoaai? caeice aea?
iiaeeea?noue noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui aa?i?iieanoeea, i?iaaaeaia a
aoaeue-yeiio a?oe?, noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny cieaeaiiyi nia?iaoiaaiii? oa
aiaeie?eiii? ooieoe?e y?/ea (S.M. Kupta, W.A. Morrison, 1997).

I?ioa ieoaiiy i?i aieea aa?i?iieanoeee ia noaoaa? ooieoe?? /ieia?ea
aeeneooo?oueny. *anoeia aaoi??a (S. Sultanov, 1996) aeio?eio?oueny
aeoiee, ui iia?aoe?y ia ia? caoaiiai aieeao ia y?/ei. A?aoiaoth/e oae?
aeai? e?oa?aoo?ieo a?aeiiinoae, ie ae??oeee a iaaeao aeinooiieo iai
iiaeeeainoae, aeiiiaieoe iaoeia? i?ciaiiy c aeaii? i?iaeaie, aeaoe ?i
ye?nio oa e?euee?nio ioe?iee.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?y
aeeiiaia o a?aeiia?aeiino? c ieaiii ?aaii-O?aie?anueei? aea?aeaaii?
iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? ? ? /anoeiith iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? oaie eaoaae?e
ii?iaeueii? aiaoii?? ?I 11.01. 0026.94 “Nooeoo?ia i?aai?caoe?y
i?e?ioee?eoeyoi?iiai ?onea ? noaeeiii-oeaieiieo a?aeiioaiue ??cieo
i?aai?a i?e ae?? a?iien??”.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aecia/eoe caeiiii??iino? ?icaeoeo ?aaeoeaieo oa
eiiiainaoi?ii-a?aeiiaieo i?ioean?a o n?i’yieo eaiaeueoeyo y?/ea o
a?aeiia?aeue ia iaoai?/io o?aaio eiai noaeei i?e iayaiino? iaoaeiii?
a?eae? oa i?ney ieanoeee ia?aaeiuei? ? caaeiuei? no?iee iaoaeiiiai
eaiaeo.

Caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy:

aea/eoe oa?aeoa? no?oeoo?ieo ci?i a e?iaiiinieo noaeeiao, eiiiiiaioao
aaiaoioanoeeoey?iiai aa?’??o oa n?i’yieo eaiaeueoeyo o /ieia?e?a c??eiai
a?eo oa i?e eiii?an?? noaeei n?i’yiiai eaiaoeea y?/ea ai?noii a?eaeiaiai
i?oea i?e iayaiino? eini? ? i?yii? iaoaeiii? a?eae?;

aea/eoe iniaeeaino? no?oeoo?ieo ci?i o e?iaiiinieo noaeeiao, eiiiiiaioao
AOA oa n?i’yieo eaiaeueoeyo i?ney ieanoeee ia?aaeiuei? ? caaeiuei?
no?iee iaoaeiiiai eaiaeo i?e ein?e iaoaeii?e a?eae?;

aea/eoe ci?ie a e?iaiiinieo noaeeiao ? ia?aio?i? y?/ea i?ney ieanoeee
caaeiuei? no?iee iaoaeiiiai eaiaeo i?e i?yi?e iaoaeii?e a?eae?;

aeaoe oa?aeoa?enoeeo no?oeoo?ieo ci?i a e?iaiiinieo noaeeiao,
eiiiiiaioao AOA oa n?i’yieo eaiaeueoeyo i?ney ieanoeee ia?aaeiuei?
no?iee iaoaeiiiai eaiaeo i?e ein?e iaoaeii?e a?eae?.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

Aia?oa eiiieaenii aea/aii iniaeeaino? no?oeoo?ieo ci?i a y?/eo o ca’yceo
c noaeeiieie ?iceaaeaie a aeaiaioao n?i’yiiai eaiaoeea, coiiaeaieo
ae??th ia ieo ai?noo a?eaeiaiai i?oea. Anoaiiaeaii ciaioaiiy ia’?io
y?/ea, yaea? ?ioa?noeoe?eieo aiaeie?eiioeeo?a, ae?aiao??a n?i’yieo
eaiaeueoe?a, e?eueeino? nia?iaoioeeo?a ? nia?iaoeae o a?eaeiiin??a ua
aei iia?aoe?? aa?i?ioii??. Aeyaeaii caeaaei?noue ii?oieia?/ieo ci?i a
y?/eo a?ae aeaeo ieanoeee iaoaeiiiai eaiaeo i?e eineo ? i?yieo iaoaeiieo
a?eaeao. Iaa?oioiaaii iaiao?aei?noue ?aiiueiai o??o?a?/iiai e?eoaaiiy
iaoaeiieo a?eae c iaoith i?io?eaeoeee /ieia?/iai aacie?aeaey.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe na?ae/aoue i?i iaiao?aei?noue ?aiiueiai o??o?a?/iiai
e?eoaaiiy iaoaeiieo a?eae c iaoith ciaioaiiy o?eaaeino? eiii?an??
e?iaiiinieo noaeei y?/ea ai?noii a?eaeiaiai i?oea oa cieaeaiiy
eiia??iino? /anoeiai? ao?io?? y?/ea.

Aiae?c no?oeoo?ieo ci?i a y?/eo i?ney ieanoeee ia?aaeiuei? oa caaeiuei?
no?iee iaoaeiiiai eaiaeo i?e eineo iaoaeiieo a?eaeao na?ae/eoue, ui
??cieoey ia’?io y?/ea, ae?aiao?a n?i’yieo eaiaeueoe?a, ia’?io yaea?
?ioa?noeoe?eieo aiaeie?eiioeeo?a, /enea n?i’yieo eaiaeueoe?a c aaaeeei
nooiaiai iioeiaeaeaiiy ee?oei nia?iaoiaaiiiai ai?oae?th oa nionoioaieo
eaiaeueoe?a ? iacia/iith ? aei??aith? a na?aaeiueiio 4,2 %. Iniiai?
no?oeoo?i? ci?ie a y?/eo a?eaeiiin??a ?icaeaathoueny ua aei iia?aoe??
aa?i?ioii??. Naia iia?aoe?y iiaea noaoe aeiaeaoeiaei o?aaioth/ei
e?iaiiini? noaeeie y?/ea oaeoi?ii.

Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe iiaeooue aeei?enoiaoaaoenue a eo?nao eaeoe?e oa
aeeth/aoenue o iaa/aeuei? iin?aieee c aiaoii??, a?noieia??, o??o?a??.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aianie aaoi?a a iaea?aeaii? iaoeiaeo
?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? o aeai?? iai?yieo, ianyao, iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy,
a iinoaiiaoe? iaoe oa oi?ioaaii? caaaeaiue, i?iaaaeaii? aeine?aeaeaiue,
a aiae?c? oa ocaaaeueiaii? ?o ?acoeueoao?a, iaa?oiooaaii? aeniiae?a
?iaioe, a oaeiae o i?aeaioiaoe? iaoeiaeo aeaieo aei ioae?eaoe??.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe??
aeiiia?aeaeenue ia can?aeaiiyo ?aaii-O?aie?anueeiai iaeaniiai oiaa?enoaa
aiaoii?a, a?noieia?a, aia??ieia?a oa oiiia?aoiaiaoii?a (1994-1998), ia 1
iaoe?iiaeueiiio Eiia?an? aiaoii?a, a?noieia?a ? oiiia?aoiaiaoii?a
Oe?a?ie (?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1994), iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo c aeooaeueieo
ieoaiue aiaoii?? noaeeiii? nenoaie (Euea?a, 1995), c ieoaiue ii?oiaaiaco
(*a?i?aoe?, 1996).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 14 iaoeiaeo
i?aoeue: iaeia iiiia?ao?y, 4 — o oaoiaeo aeaeaiiyo. ?io? ioae?eaoe?? – a
iaoa??aeao iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?e.

Ianya oa no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y iaae?oeiaaia ia 172
noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo. Neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, 7 ?icae?e?a
(iaeyae e?oa?aoo?e, iaoa??aee ? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiue, ?acoeueoaoe
aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue, ye? iiae?eai? ia 4 ?icae?ee ? 5 i?ae?icae?e?a,
iaaiai?aiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy oa aeniiaee, ui neeaaeathoueny c
8 ioieo?a). Aeena?oaoe?y ?ethno?iaaia 63 ?enoieaie, 25 oaaeeoeyie.
Nienie aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e ai?uo? 224 aeaea?aea a?o/eciyieo ?
ca?oa?aeieo aaoi??a.

Iniiaiee ci?no ?iaioe.

Iaoa??ae ? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeey aea/aiiy a?oa??aeueiiai,
aaiiciiai, i?e?ioee?eoeyoi?iiai ?onea y?/ea, n?i’yieo eaiaeueoe?a oa
aaiaoioanoeeoey?iiai aa?’??a aeei?enoaii 124 i?aia?aoe y?/ea, caa?aieo
i?e aooiin?? i?aeoe/ii caei?iaeo /ieia?e?a c??eiai a?eo (18-45 ?ie?a), o
yeeo aoea iaoaeiia a?eaea, aai eio?? ia?aianee ieanoeeo iaoaeiiiai
eaiaeo a oa?i?ie aei 5 ?ie?a. Aeine?aeaeaii 18 a?iioao?a y?/ea
/ieia?e?a, oai?eo ia aacie?aeaey, iia’ycaia c a?eaeath oa aa?i?ioii??th.
Aeine?aeaeoaaiee iaoa??ae ?iciiae?eaiee ia oae? a?oie: 1) y?/ea
/ieia?e?a c??eiai a?eo (eiio?ieue); 2) y?/ea /ieia?e?a c??eiai a?eo i?e
iayaiino? eini? aai i?yii? iaoaeiii? a?eae?; 3) y?/ea /ieia?e?a c??eiai
a?eo i?ney ieanoeee ia?aaeiuei? ? caaeiuei? no?iee iaoaeiiiai eaiaeo i?e
ein?e iaoaeii?e a?eae?; 4) y?/ea /ieia?e?a c??eiai a?eo i?ney ieanoeee
caaeiuei? no?iee iaoaeiiiai eaiaeo i?e i?yi?e iaoaeii?e a?eae?.

Aenia?eiaioe c ?i?oaoe??th ieanoeee ia?aaeiuei? no?iee iaoaeiiiai eaiaeo
aeeiiai? ia 70 a?eeo uo?ao, eio?ei aeeiioaaee ?ic??c aaio?aeueii? no?iee
iaoaeiiiai eaiaeo aeiaaeeiith 1 ni. ?aio iioa?iai caoeaaee, n?i’yieee
aea/aee ia 7, 30, 90 aeiao.

Aeey ae??oaiiy iinoaaeaieo caaaeaiue canoinoaaee oae? iaoiaee
aeine?aeaeaiue: 1) ?icae?eueio ?i’?eoe?th a?oa??e, aai,
i?e?ioee?eoeyoi?iiai ?onea; 2) aia?i?aioaaiia?ao?th y?/ea; 3) aecia/aiiy
eiai ia’?io; 4) aeine?aeaeaiiy aoaeiae n?i’yieo eaiaeueoe?a; 5)
aeaeo?iiiii?e?ineii?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy eiiiiiaio?a aaiaoioanoeeoey?iiai
aa?’??o.

?i’?eoe?ei? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy e?iaiiiniiai ?onea y?/ea. Aeey
aea/aiiy a?oa??e oa aai y?/ea aeei?enoiaoaaee oiiei oa?o? naeioeaa?
a?eeea, ?icaaaeai? a ??aieo /anoeiao ao??o ? oei?ioi?io. A?oa??? oa aaie
y?/ea caiiaithaaee ie?aii, aaciina?aaeiuei /a?ac y?/eiao a?oa??th /e
aaio. I?ney ?i’?eoe?? noaeei y?/ea aeeiioaaee aia?i?aioaaiia?ao?th.
Ia’?i ?cieueiaaiiai a?ae i?eaeaoea y?/ea aecia/aee c aeiiiiiaith i??iiai
oeee?iae?a.

Aeey ?i’?eoe?? noaeei i?e?ioee?eoeyoi?iiai ?onea y?/ea aeei?enoaee
oei?ioi?iio noi?o ia?ecueei? neiuei? (10 a oa?ae ia 100 ie ?ic/eiieea,
ui neeaaeaany c oei?ioi?io ? ao??o a ni?aa?aeiioaii? 3:1). Oiaoi/ee
oeaiei y?/ea o?enoaaee a 12 % iaeo?aeueiiio oi?iae?i? i?ioyaii 14 aei?a,
aeiaiaeeee ?o aei oeaei?aeeiiaeo aeie?a, aeaioiaeyee c??ce, eio??
i?ina?oethaaee a iaoeeaiiaiio ao??? nae?oeeeiai? eeneioe ? aea/aee i?ae
a?iieoey?iei i?e?ineiiii IIN-6.

A?noieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy n?i’yieo eaiaeueoe?a y?/ea. A?iioaoe y?/ea
o?enoaaee a ??aeei? Aoaia aai oeaiea?-oi?iie?. Iaoa??ae aeiaiaeeee aei
ia?ao?iiaeo aeie?a ca caaaeueiii?eeiyoith iaoiaeeeith. Ia i?e?ioii?
io?eioaaee c??ce oiaueiith 5-7 iei, eio?? oa?aoaaee
aaiaoienee?i-aiceiii, a oaeiae ?aaeoeaii Oeoo-eiaeia eeneioa c
aeioa?aiaoaaiiyi aaiaoienee?iii A?e?oa. I?ney /iai aeine?aeaeaiiy
i?iaiaeeeinue i?ae i?e?ineiiii IAN-6 i?e ??cieo ca?eueoaiiyo. Ae?aiao?
eaiaeueoe?a aei??thaaee c aeiiiiiaith aaeioiaiai ieoey?i?e?iiao?a AI-2
(IIO-1-15o).

Ii?oiiao?e/ia ioe?iea n?i’yieo eaiaeueoe?a y?/ea. A eiaeiiio aeiaaeeo
aecia/aee: 1) ae?aiao? n?i’yieo eaiaeueoe?a; 2) nooi?iue ii?aaeaiiy
ee?oei nia?iaoiaaiiiai ai?oae?th; 3) /enei ee?oei nia?iaoiaaiiiai
ai?oae?th.

E?eoa???i aecia/aiiy nooiaiy iioeiaeaeaiiy ee?oei nia?iaoiaaiiiai
ai?oae?th neoaeeea a?noieia?/ia ea?oeia n?i’yieo eaiaeueoe?a, eio?a
iiaea aooe a?aeianaia aei iaeiiai c i’yoe oei?a: 1) ii?iaeueia aoaeiaa
eaiaeueoe?a (ee?oeie ??ciiai nooiaiy aeeoa?aioe?thaaiiy ?ici?uothoueny
eiioeaio?e/ieie oa?aie); 2) eaaeee nooi?iue iioeiaeaeaiiy ee?oei
nia?iaoiaaiiiai ai?oae?th (iacia/ia /anoeia ee?oei ia? iciaee
ea??ii?eiico, ea??i?aeneno, aaeoie?caoe??, a?ia?o?iiiino? oeeoiieacie,
ceouaiiy ?o a i?ina?o eaiaeueoe?a, iaa?ye aeanii? iaieiiee eaiaeueoe?a);
3) aaaeeee nooi?iue iioeiaeaeaiiy (/anoeia ee?oei nia?iaoiaaiiiai
ai?oae?th c yaeuaie aeaaaia?aoe?? oa a?aeoa?oaaiiyi a?ae aeanii?
iaieiiee eaiaeueoe?a, ii?ooaia ?o oe?e?ni?noue); 4) nionoioai? n?i’yi?
eaiaeueoe?, (i?eno?ieiai caa??aathoueny i?aeo?eioth/? ai?oae?ioeeoe,
ie?ai? nia?iaoiaii?? oa nia?iaoioeeoe); 5) n?i’yi? eaiaeueoe? c
iacaaa?oaiei nia?iaoiaaiacii, aea aac iciae iioeiaeaeaiiy ee?oei (A.I.
Ia?auei, 1984). I?iaaaeaii i?ae?aooiie noaoaaeo ee?oei (C.J. Keulen,
D.G. Rooj, 1974).

Ii?oiooieoe?iiaeueia ioe?iea ?ioa?noeoe?eieo aiaeie?eiioeeo?a. Aeey
ioe?iee ooieoe?iiaeueii? aeoeaiino? ?ioa?noeoe?eieo aiaeie?eiioeeo?a
aecia/aee ia’?i ?o yaea?. O a?noieia?/ieo i?aia?aoao c aeiiiiiaith
ieoey?i?e?iiao?a i?e ca?eueoaii? o 900 aei??thaaee i?i?iaeueiee ?
iaeneiaeueiee ae?aiao? 50 yaea? ee?oei. Ia’?i yaea? ?ic?aoiaoaaee ca
oi?ioeith ae?ina V=(/((LB? (E.A. Oanei, 1967), aea V – ia’?i yae?a, L –
iaeneiaeueiee ae?aiao?, A – i?i?iaeueiee ae?aiao?. Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe
ae?aaeaee a eoa?/ieo i?e?iiao?ao.

Noaoenoe/ia ia?iaea io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a i?iaaaeaia ia eiiithoa?? ca
i?ia?aiith STAT 10.

Aeaeo?iiiii?e?ineii?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy no?oeoo? y?/ea. Iaoa??ae c
a?iioao?a y?/ea o?enoaaee i?ioyaii 1,5-2 aiaeei a 1% ?ic/ei? ini??ai?
eeneioe, a?aeieaaee a 0,1 I oinoaoiiio aooa?? c pH 7,4, ciaaiaeithaaee a
nie?o? c?inoath/i? eiioeaio?aoe??, i?ini/oaaee a noi?o? aiiio ?
a?aeae?oo.

Io?eiai? ia oeueo?ai?e?ioii? c??ce aeieiio?anoiaoaaee 2% ?ic/eiii
o?ai?eaoeaoaoo ia 70? nie?o? ? noi?ooth ?aeiieueaena oa aea/aee ia
aeaeo?iiiiio i?e?ineii? JAI-100 A c i?enei?thth/ith iai?oaith 75 eA ?
ianooiiei oioia?aooaaiiyi i?e ca?eueoaii? 6000-20000 ?ac?a.

E?iaiiini? noaeeie ? ia?aio?ia y?/ea o /ieia?e?a c??eiai a?eo a ii?i?.
E?iaiiinoa/aiiy y?/ea cae?enith?oueny y?/eiaith, a?oa???th n?i’yaeiinii?
i?ioiee oa e?aianoa?iith. Iaea?eueoith c ieo ? y?/eiaa a?oa??y, yea,
ii/eiath/enue a?ae /a?aaiiai a?aeae?eo ai?oe, anooia? a iaoaeiiee eaiae
? i?ioiaeeoue o neeaae? aeaiaio?a n?i’yiiai eaiaoeea, a iio?i
?icaaeoaeo?oueny ia ae??ai? a?eee, ye? i?iieeathoue a ia?aio?io y?/ea.
Aiie oi?iothoue iaaeiei n?i’yieo eaiaeueoe?a eai?ey?io n?oeo, c yei?
aa?ooue ii/aoie aaiici? noaeeie y?/ea, na?aae eio?eo aecia/athoueny
iiaa?oiaa? ? aeeaie? aaie, ye? ooai?ththoue eiciiiae?aia nieaoaiiy.

O aeai?e a?eia?e a?oi? ia’?i y?/ea neeaaea? a na?aaeiueiio 19,38±1,48
ni?, a ae?aiao? n?i’yieo eaiaeueoe?a 219,71±1,57 iei. A 12% c ieo
aecia/a?oueny aaeoie?caoe?y oeeoiieacie, a?ia?o?iiaoic yaea? a
nia?iaoioeeoao ? nia?iaoeaeao, ye? iiaeia eeaneo?eoaaoe ye eaaeee
nooi?iue ii?ooaiiy nia?iaoiaaiaco. I?iaaaeaiee e?euee?niee aiae?c ??cieo
oei?a noaoaaeo ee?oei iieacaa, ui /enei nia?iaoiaii?e neeaaea?
6,29±0,99, nia?iaoioeeo?a – 165,34±5,64, nia?iaoeae – 368,74±8,84. O
i?aeeaiaeueoeaa?e niieo/i?e oeaiei? ?ici?uothoueny a?oiaie (ii 5-7)
?ioa?noeoe?ei? aiaeie?eiioeeoe. Ia’?i ?o yaea? neeaaea? a na?aaeiueiio
98,77±1,76 iei?.

No?iea e?iaiiinieo eai?ey??a y?/ea neeaaea?oueny c aacaeueii? iaia?aie,
aei yei? i?eeyaathoue 2-3 aiaeioae?ioeeoe c aeoyaiooi? oi?ie yae?ii,
o?iiaoei o yeiio ?iciianthaeaeaiee ??aiii??ii. A a?eyyaea?i?e cii?
oeeoiieacie aiaeioae?ioeeo?a ?ici?uaiee eiiieaen Aieueaeae?,
aiaeiieaciaoe/ia n?oea, i?oioiiae???. Ia?eoa?e/i? a?aeae?ee oeeoiieacie
aiaeioae?ioeeo?a i?noeyie noiioothoueny, ii?e ? oaiano?e a ieo ia
aeyaeaii.

Aeania iaieiiea iie?o/aieo n?i’yieo eaiaeueoe?a ia? neeaaeio aoaeiao. A
i?e ?ic??ciythoue aacaeueio iaia?aio, i?aaenoaaeaio aaaaoioa?iaith
aiiiaaiiith ?a/iaeiith. Aiia ?ici?uaia i?ae i?aeo?eioth/eie
ai?oae?ioeeoaie ? nia?iaoiaii?yie oa i?i?aeieie ee?oeiaie.

Cciai? a?ae aacaeueii? iaia?aie o aeani?e iaieiioe? iie?o/aieo n?i’yieo
eaiaeueoe?a ciaoiaeyoueny 2-4 oa?e i?i?aeieo ee?oei, i?ii?aeee i?ae
eio?eie caiiaiai? eieaaaiiaeie aieieiaie. ssae?a oeeo ee?oei
aa?aoaiiiiae?ai?, ?o ioeeaiieacia i?noeoue ??cio e?euee?noue a?aioe
o?iiaoeio, eiiaeainiaaiiai a?ey yaea?ii? iaieiiee. Oiie? ia?eoa?e/i?
a?ae?inoee oeeoiieacie i?i?aeieo ee?oei o?nii i?eeyaathoue iaeei aei
iaeiiai, aea i?yieo eiioaeo?a ia ooai?ththoue.

Oeeoiieacia oeeo ee?oei aaaaoa i?e?ii?iioeeoicieie i?oo?oeyie, a i?e
ciaoiaeyoueny i?oioiiae???, oeenoa?ie aiaeiieaciaoe/ii? n?oee oa
oiiaiuee? ia?aeaeueii ?ici?uai? i?io?eaiaioe, eio?? iineeththoue
aeaeo?iiio u?euei?noue oeeoiieacie. I?aeo?eioth/? ai?oae?ioeeoe
oa?aeoa?ecothoueny iai?aaeeueii? oi?ie c aeeaieeie ?iaaa?iaoe?yie
yae?ii, eio?a ?ici?uaia ia?aaaaeii a aacaeuei?e /anoei? oeeoiieacie. A
inoaii?e ciaoiaeeoueny cia/ia e?euee?noue aeaeo?iiiiu?eueieo e?aiaeue
e?i?ae?a, iaaeueii? aai aeoyaiooi? oi?ie i?oioiiae???, eaiaeueoe?
a?aioey?ii? aiaeiieaciaoe/ii? n?oee oa aeaiaioe eiiieaeno Aieueaeae?,
aaeee? aaceeoee. A aacaeuei?e /anoei? eaiaeueoey i?ae ieaciaeaiaie
i?aeo?eioth/eo ai?oae?ioeeo?a aecia/athoueny niaoe?ae?ciaai? c’?aeiaiiy,
eio?? iathoue o?eeiiiiiaioio no?oeoo?o, ui aeeth/a? a naaa ieaciaeaie,
oeenoa?ie aiaeiieaciaoe/ii? n?oee oa i?e?io?eaiaioe.

Noai e?iaiiinieo noaeei ? ia?aio?ie y?/ea a oiiaao eini? iaoaeiii?
a?eae? o iaiia?iaaieo /ieia?e?a. I?e iayaiino? eini? iaoaeiii? a?eae?
e?iaiiini? noaeeie n?i’yiiai eaiaoeea caciathoue ia??iaee/ii? aai
iino?eii? eiii?an?? c aieo ai?noo a?eaeiaiai i?oea. I?e aeaiiio
caoai?thaaii?, aeine?aeaeaii 20 i?aia?ao?a y?/ea.

Aea/aiiy a?oa??ia?ai c i?aia?ao?a y?/ie iieacaei iayai?noue ?icoe?aiiy
i?ina?oo an?o o?ueio a?oa??e noaoaai? caeice – y?/eiai?, e?aianoa?ii? oa
a?oa??? n?i’yaeiinii? i?ioiee a iaaeao 15-20 %, a ii??aiyii? c
eiio?ieai, ui ? ?aaeoe??th noaeei ia eiii?an?eiee aieea. Ae??ai?
ia?aio?iaoici? a?oa??? ?ici?uai? u?euei?oa a ca’yceo c iii??iith
ao?io??th ia?aio?ie y?/ea.

sse iiaa?oiaa?, oae ? aeeaie? aaie noaoaai? caeice iie?o/ai?, c?inoa?
oe?eia ?o i?ina?oo. A oiiaao iaoaeiii? a?eae? c aieo
i?e?ioee?eoeyoi?iiai ?onea ia?aio?ie y?/ea niinoa??aa?oueny ia??aiii??ia
eiioeaio?aoe?y eai?ey??a aeiaeiea n?i’yieo eaiaeueoe?a, iniaeeai a
iaaeao ia?aaeiueiai e?ath i?aaia. Iathoue i?noea ae?eyiee ia?aio?ie c
/anoeiaith ?aaeoeoe??th noaeei i?e?ioee?eoeyoi?iiai ?onea aai ?o
ou?eueiaiiy. I?ina?o eai?ey??a ia i?ioyc? ia??aiii??iee. ?icoe?ai?
i?noey /a?aothoueny c? caoaeaieie.

Ia’?i y?/ea neeaaea? a na?aaeiueiio 17,81±1,53 ni?, ae?aiao? n?i’yieo
eaiaeueoe?a ciaioo?oueny aei 178,62±11,25 iei. Aeecueeo aei cae/aeii?
aoaeiae caa??aathoue 29 % n?i’yieo eaiaeueoe?a, 20 % n?i’yieo
eaiaeueoe?a iathoue aaaee? ?iceaaee nia?iaoiaaiaco, aeania iaieiiea
/anoeie c ieo iioiauaia, a?ae?i?ciaaia. *enei nia?iaoioeeo?a ciaioeeinue
aei 137,19±4,32, a nia?iaoeae – aei 285,61±5,97. A ?ioa?noeoe?aeuei?e
oeaiei? ia? i?noea aiaieuaaa e?ioioeeoa?ia ?io?eueo?aoe?y, ia’?i yaea?
?ioa?noeoe?eieo aiaeie?eiioeeo?a neeaaea? 85,27±3,11 iei?.

I?e ein?e iaoaeii?e a?eae? o aeani?e iaieiioe? n?i’yieo eaiaeueoe?a
aioo??oi?e iaee?oeiiee oa? iioiauaiee. ssae?a i?i?aeieo ee?oei
aeaoi?iiaai?. ?o oeeoiieacia na?oea. A i?oioiiae??yo ia? i?noea
aiiiaai?caoe?y e?eno, ou?eueiaiiy aai aaeoie?caoe?y iao?eena, iaaooaiiy
oeenoa?i, aeano?oeoe?y iaia?ai eiiieaeno Aieueaeae? oa eaiaeueoe?a
aiaeiieaciaoe/ii? n?oee.

O yae?ao i?aeo?eioth/eo ai?oae?ioeeo?a o?iiaoei neiioeaio?iaaiee a?ey
ea??ieaie, iao?een oeeoiieacie na?oeee ca ?aooiie aaeeei? e?eueeino?
??ciiai ?ici??o aaceeoe. O oeeoiieaci? ia?aaaaeathoue iaaaeee?
i?oioiiae??? c aeano?oeoeaii ci?iaieie e?enoaie oa ou?eueiaiei
iao?eenii. Aeaiaioe aiaeiieaciaoe/ii? n?oee oa eiiieaeno Aieueaeae?
?aaeoeiaai?. Niinoa??aa?oueny aaeeea e?euee?noue e?i?aeieo aeeth/aiue,
?eainii. O i?noeyo eiioaeo?a ieaciaeai i?aeo?eioth/eo ai?oae?ioeeo?a
a?aecia/a?oueny ?o caeeaeaiiy oa caouaiiy aeaeo?iiiu?eueiiai iao?eena.

O yae?ao nia?iaoiaii?e ia? i?noea ??aiii??ia eiiaeainaoe?y o?iiaoeio oa
i?ina?oeaiiy iao?eeno, yaea?oea ci?uaia ia ia?eoa??th. A oeeoiieaci?
ciaioaia e?euee?noue i?aaiae. A nia?iaoioeeoao oeeoiieacia iecueei?
aeaeo?iiii? u?eueiino? c aeano?oeoe??th i?oioiiae??e ? ?icoe?aiiyi
ia?eioeeaa?ieo oeenoa?i. O nia?iaoeaeao aeyaeaii aaceeoeyoe?th
oeeoiieacie, ?icoe?aiiy eaiaeueoe?a aiaeiieaciaoe/ii? n?oee,
aeaci?aai?caoe?th e?eno i?oioiiae??e, ea??ie?c.

ssae?a ?ioa?noeoe?eieo aiaeie?eiioeeo?a iaaoaathoue iai?aaeeueii? oi?ie,
ea??iieacia ia??aiii??ii ou?eueiaia, ia?eioeeaa?iee i?ino??
aaeoie?ciaaiee. O oeeoiieaci? aeae?ey?oueny ??cea ?icoe?aiiy eaiaeueoe?a
aiaeiieaciaoe/ii? n?oee, ?o /anoeiaa aai iiaia aeaa?aioeyoe?y.

No?iea e?iaiiinieo eai?ey??a y?/ea a oiiaao eini? iaoaeiii? a?eae?
ia??aiii??ii ii ia?eiao?o iioiauaia ca ?aooiie iaaooaiiy oeeoiieacie
aiaeioae?ioeeo?a ? ?icoe?aiiy aacaeueiiai oa?o. I?ina?o eai?ey??a
caoaeaiee. No?oeoo?a a?aioey?ii? aiaeiieaciaoe/ii? n?oee
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ?icoe?aiiyi i?ina?oo ? aeaa?aioeyoe??th i?io?e?a
?aca?aoa??a. A iaaeueii? oi?ie i?oioiiae??yo ia? i?noea ?oeioaaiiy
e?eno, aiiiaai?caoe?y iao?eena, ia?inoaiiy i?e?ii?iioeeoico. ssae?a
aiaeioae?ioeeo?a iaaoaathoue iai?aaeeueii? oi?ie c ia?eoa?e/iith
eiiaeainaoe??th o?iiaoeio. Ea??ieaia ooai?th? i?noeyie aeeaie?
?iaaa?iiaoe??. Niieo/aiiy i?ae non?aei?ie aiaeioae?ioeeoaie caa??aathoue
naith oi?io ? no?oeoo?o.

Ci?ie a e?iaiiinieo noaeeiao ? ia?aio?i? y?/ea a oiiaao i?yii? iaoaeiii?
a?eae? o iaiia?iaaieo /ieia?e?a. I?e i?yi?e iaoaeii?e a?eae?
aeine?aeaeaii 18 i?aia?ao?a y?/ea, ia’?i yeiai a na?aaeiueiio cieceany
aei 16,05±2,69 ni?. Ia noi?ii? a?eae? ?icoe?ai? a?oa??aeuei? oa aaiici?
noaeeie y?/ea, ye? a eiai ia?aio?i? ? a?eueo iie?o/aieie ? ?icoaoiaai?
a?eueo u?eueii, iniaeeai i?e?ioee?eoeyoi?ia eaiea. Ae?aiao? n?i’yieo
eaiaeueoe?a neeaaea? 167,70±6,93 iei. O?eueee a 37,4 % n?i’yieo
eaiaeueoe?a a?ey ?o aeanii? iaieiiee aecia/a?oueny e?eueea oa??a
nia?iaoiaaiiiai ai?oae?th, a ?aoo? n?i’yieo eaiaeueoe?a ia? i?noea
??ciee nooi?iue eiai ?aaeoeoe??. *enei nia?iaoioeeo?a cieceeinue aei
129,36±3,78, a nia?iaoeae – aei 263,09±6,85. Ia’?i yaea? ?ioa?noeoe?eieo
aiaeie?eiioeeo?a neeaaea? 79,55±1,15 iei?.

Aioo??oi?e iaee?oeiiee oa? aeanii? iaieiiee n?i’yieo eaiaeueoe?a
ia??aiii??ii iioiauaiee. ssae?a i?i?aeieo ee?oei aeaeiaaeai? c
ia?eoa?e/iith eiiaeainaoe??th o?iiaoeio. Eaiaeueoe? aiaeiieaciaoe/ii?
n?oee oeeoiieacie i?i?aeieo ee?oei ?icoe?ai?, e?enoe i?oioiiae??e
?aaeoeiaai?. Oeeoiieacia i?aeo?eioth/eo ai?oae?ioeeo?a oa nia?iaoiaii?e
aaeoie?ciaaia, e?enoe i?oioiiae??e ?aaeoeiaai?, iao?een aiiiaai?ciaaiee.
ssaea?iee o?iiaoei ?iciianthaeaeaiee ??aiii??ii. A nia?iaoioeeoao ?
nia?iaoeaeao oeeoiieacia na?oea, ?c cia/iith e?euee?noth aaeeeeo
aaeoieae. E?enoe /anoeie i?oioiiae??e aiiiaai?ciaai?, no?oeoo?a ae?iniie
ia ii?ooaia. A ?ioa?noeoe?eieo aiaeie?eiioeeoao oeeoiieacia
aaeoie?ciaaia, iao?een i?oioiiae??e aiiiaai?ciaaiee. O e?iaiiinieo
eai?ey?ao /anoeia yaea? aiaeioae?ioeeo?a aeaoi?iiaaia, oeeoiieacia oeeo
ee?oei a noai? iaaooaiiy , i?ina?o eai?ey??a caoaeaiee.

Noai e?iaiiinieo noaeei ? ia?aio?ie y?/ea i?ney ieanoeee caaeiuei?
no?iee iaoaeiiiai eaiaeo i?e ein?e iaoaeii?e a?eae?. I?e aeaiiio aeae?
aa?i?ioii?? aeine?aeaeaii 22 i?aia?aoe y?/ea. Ia noi?ii? iia?aoe??
a?aeaoaa?oueny ?icoe?aiiy i?ina?oo a?oa??aeueieo ?, iniaeeai, aaiicieo
noaeei, ?enoiie yeeo ci?iaiee. Ia’?i y?/ea aei??aith? 16,76±1,98 ni?,
ae?aiao? n?i’yieo eaiaeueoe?a – 169,79±13,89 iei. O 29,8 % n?i’yieo
eaiaeueoe?a – aaaeeee nooi?iue ii?ooaiiy nia?iaoiaaiaco, a 19,2 %
eaiaeueoe?a nionoioai?. Aei aeanii? iaieiiee a?eueoino? n?i’yieo
eaiaeueoe?a i?eeyaa? 2-3 oa?e ee?oei nia?iaoiaaiiiai ai?oae?th. *enei
nia?iaoioeeo?a ciaioeeinue aei 98,42±3,01, a nia?iaoeae – aei
180,89±4,28. Ia’?i yaea? ?ioa?noeoe?eieo aiaeie?eiioeeo?a ciaioaiee aei
79,33±1,98 iei?.

Niinoa??aa?oueny iioiauaiiy aioo??oiueiai iaee?oeiiiai oa?o aeanii?
iaieiiee eaiaeueoe?a. O oeeoiieaci? i?i?aeieo ee?oei ia? i?noea
?aaeoeoe?y i?io?eaiaio?a oa e?eno i?oioiiae??e, aaeoie?caoe?y ?o
iao?eeno. Aeaiaioe aiaeiieaciaoe/ii? n?oee ?icoe?ai?, e?euee?noue
i?e?ii?iioeeoicieo iooe?oe?a ca?eueoaia.

O yae?ao i?aeo?eioth/eo ai?oae?ioeeo?a o?iiaoei ?iciianthaeaeaiee
aeeoocii. Ia?eioeeaa?iee i?ino?? ae?aaeaiee neaai. A oeeoiieaci?
i?aeo?eioth/eo ai?oae?ioeeo?a niinoa??aa?oueny aaeeea e?euee?noue
aaceeoe. I?oioiiae??? oa?aeoa?ecothoueny u?eueiei iao?eenii oa /anoeiai
?aaeoeiaaieie e?enoaie. Aeaiaioe eiiieaeno Aieueaeae? oa
aiaeiieaciaoe/ii? n?oee ?icoe?ai?, ca?eueoaia e?euee?noue e?i?aeieo
aeeth/aiue, iiyaeythoueny i?ae?iiiiae?ai? no?oeoo?e, a?aeaoaa?oueny
aeaoi?iaoe?y niaoe?ae?ciaaieo c’?aeiaiue. O nia?iaoiaii?yo ia? i?noea
?icoe?aiiy ii?iaeiei aiaeiieaciaoe/ii? n?oee. A i?oioiiae??yo
a?aecia/a?oueny o?aaiaioaoe?y e?eno, aaeoie?caoe?y iao?eena.
Ia?eioeeaa?iee i?ino?? ia??aiii??ii ?icoe?aiee. Oaeiai ae oa?aeoa?o
oeueo?ano?oeoo?i? ci?ie niinoa??aathoueny ? a nia?iaoioeeoao oa
nia?iaoeaeao, o yeeo iiyaeythoueny aaeeeeo ?ici???a aaceeoee oa /anoeiaa
aeieaaiiy o?iiaoeio c yaea?.

?ioa?noeoe?ei? aiaeie?eiioeeoe oa?aeoa?ecothoueny ia??aiii??iith
u?euei?noth ioeeaiieacie. I?oioiiae??? iaaoaathoue iai?aaeeueii? oi?ie.
*anoeia c ieo iiai?noth c?oeiiaaia, a ?ioeo aaeoie?ciaaiee iao?een oa
o?aaiaioiaai? e?enoe. Aeaiaioe eiiieaeno Aieueaeae? ? oeenoa?ie
aiaeiieaciaoe/ii? n?oee ?icoe?ai?. A oeeoiieaci? ee?oei ciaoiaeeoueny
aaeeea e?euee?noue aaceeoe.

I?ina?o e?iaiiinieo eai?ey??a caoaeaiee ca ?aooiie iaaooaiiy oeeoiieacie
aiaeioae?ioeeo?a, aioo??oiy ieaciieaia yeeo ooai?th? ??cii? oi?ie ?
aenioe aenooie. Eiiieaen Aieueaeae? ?icaeiooee neaai, eaiaeueoe?
aiaeiieaciaoe/ii? n?oee ?icoe?ai?, c yaeuaie aeaa?aioeyoe??. E?euee?noue
? ?ici??e i?oioiiae??e ciaioai?, aiie iaaoaathoue iai?aaeeueii? oi?ie,
e?enoe a a?eueoino? c ieo c?oeiiaai?, a iao?een aaeoie?ciaaiee.
No?oeoo?a eiioaeo?a i?ae aiaeioae?ioeeoaie ia ii?ooaia. ssae?a
aiaeioae?ioeeo?a iai?aaeeueii? oi?ie, ioeeaieaia ooai?th? ??cii? aeeaeie
?iaaa?iaoe??, o?iiaoei neiioeaio?iaaiee ia?eoa?e/ii, ia?eioeeaa?iee
i?ino?? ia??aiii??ii ?icoe?aiee.

Ci?ie a e?iaiiinieo noaeeiao ? ia?aio?i? y?/ea i?ney ieanoeee caaeiuei?
no?iee iaoaeiiiai eaiaeo i?e i?yi?e iaoaeii?e a?eae?. Aeine?aeaeaii 19
i?aia?ao?a y?/ie i?ney aa?i?ioii??. Ii?yae c? cia/iei ?icoe?aiiyi
a?oa??e oa aai o iaaeao n?i’yiiai eaiaoeea iathoue i?noea ae?aaeaia
iie?o/ai?noue oa a?eueoa ?o eiioeaio?aoe?y a ia?aio?i? y?/ea, ui
coiiaeaii eiai /anoeiaith ao?io??th ? ciaioaiiyi ia’?io aei 15,26±1,76
ni?. Ae?aiao? n?i’yieo eaiaeueoe?a neeaaea? 153,42±5,45 iei, iaie?oath/?
?o noaeeie i?e?ioee?eoeyoi?iiai ?onea aeaoi?iiaai?. O?eueee 27,6 %
n?i’yieo eaiaeueoe?a caa??aathoue e?eueea oa??a ee?oei nia?iaoiaaiiiai
ai?oae?th, a ?ioeo – ??ciee nooi?iue ?aaeoeoe?? ee?oei, /enei
nia?iaoioeeo?a aei??aith? 83,22±2,86, nia?iaoeae – 167,10±5,38. Aeania
iaieiiea n?i’yieo eaiaeueoe?a iioiauaia, i?ae ieie aeia?a ae?aaeai?
i?ioa?ee niieo/ii? oeaieie c ?ici?uaieie ii oiaeo e?iaiiinieo noaeei
?ioa?noeoe?eieie aiaeie?eiioeeoaie, ia’?i yaea? eio?eo noaiiaeoue
73,99±0,98 iei?.

Aacaeueia iaia?aia aeanii? iaieiiee n?i’yieo eaiaeueoe?a caa??aa?
aaaaoioa?ia?noue. I?noeyie aiia ia ??cio aeeaeio aeieia?oueny a noi?iio
ee?oeiieo aeaiaio?a n?i’yiiai eaiaeueoey. I?ae e?eueeiia oa?aie
i?i?aeieo ee?oei ciaoiaeyoueny aieieieno? no?oeoo?e, yeeo iniaeeai
aaaaoi iaciai? a?ae aacaeueii? iaia?aie aeanii? iaieiiee eaiaeueoey. A
oeeoiieaciaoe/ieo a?ae?inoeao i?i?aeieo ee?oei ia? i?noea
i?e?ii?iioeeoic oa aaeoie?caoe?y oeeoiieacie. A oeeoiieaci?
i?aeo?eioth/eo ai?oae?ioeeo?a iayaia aaeeea e?euee?noue na?oeeo
aaeoieue. I?oioiiae??? oa?aeoa?ecothoueny aeano?oeoe??th e?eno, iao?een
aiiiaai?ciaaiee. Niaoe?ae?ciaai? c’?aeiaiiy i?ae i?aeo?eioth/eie
ai?oae?ioeeoaie caa??aathoue o?eeiiiiiaioio aoaeiao, aea oeenoa?ie
aiaeiieaciaoe/ii? n?oee ooo cia/ii ?icoe?ai?, ?icoiaeaeaiiy oeeoiiaia?ai
ia niinoa??aa?oueny.

O yae?ao nia?iaoioeeo?a a?aecia/a?oueny ia??aiii??ia eiiaeainaoe?y
o?iiaoeio oa ?icoe?aiiy ia?eioeeaa?iiai i?ina?oo. A i?oioiiae??yo ia?
i?noea ?aaeoeoe?y e?eno, i?ina?oeaiiy iao?eeno. Oeenoa?ie
aiaeiieaciaoe/ii? n?oee ?icoe?ai?.

Oeeoiieacia ?ioa?noeoe?eieo aiaeie?eiioeeo?a aaeoie?ciaaia, i?oioiiae???
?c na?oeei iao?eenii ? ?aaeoeiaaieie e?enoaie.

Noai e?iaiiinieo noaeei oa ia?aio?ie y?/ea i?ney ieanoeee ia?aaeiuei?
no?iee iaoaeiiiai eaiaeo i?e ein?e iaoaeii?e a?eae?. I?ney aeaiiai aeaeo
aa?i?ioii?? aeine?aeaeaii 20 i?aia?ao?a y?/ea. A na?aaeiueiio ia’?i
y?/ea cieceany aei 16,58±2,37 ni?. Ia? i?noea iii?oia ?icoe?aiiy
i?ina?oo a?oa??e y?/ea. Cia/ii ci?iai? ye iiaa?oiaa?, oae ? aeeaie? aaie
y?/ea, a iniaeeai aaie a ae?eyioe? n?i’yiiai eaiaoeea. Aeaiaioe
i?e?ioee?eoeyoi?iiai ?onea ia??aiii??ii ?icoe?ai? ia i?ioyc?, i?noeyie
?aaeoeiaai?. Ae?aiao? n?i’yieo eaiaeueoe?a neeaaea? 176,06±3,58 iei,
27,4 % c ieo caa??aathoue aoaeiao, aeecueeo aei ii?ie, a a ?aooe –
niinoa??aa?oueny eaaeee ? aaaeeee nooi?iue iioeiaeaeaiiy ee?oei
nia?iaoiaaiiiai ai?oae?th oa nionoioai? n?i’yi? eaiaeueoe?. E?euee?noue
nia?iaoioeeo?a ciaioeeanue aei 96,43±3,74, a nia?iaoeae – aei
190,36±5,93.

Aioo??oi?e iaee?oeiiee oa? aeanii? iaieiiee n?i’yieo eaiaeueoe?a
ia??aiii??ii iioiauaiee, ?icoa?iaaiee ? ia ??cio aeeaeio i?iieea? a
eaiaeueoe? i?ae ee?oeie.

O aeani?e iaieiioe? n?i’yieo eaiaeueoe?a iayaia aaeeea e?euee?noue
eieaaaiiaeo aieieii ??cii? i???ioaoe??. ssae?a i?i?aeieo ee?oei
ia?aaaaeii iai?aaeeueii? oi?ie, a ioeeaiieaci? niinoa??aa?oueny
aiaieuaaa eiioeaio?aoe?y o?iiaoeio. I?oioiiae??? iaaaeeeeo ?ici???a,
iaaeueii? oi?ie, iao?een ?o aaeoie?ciaaiee, e?enoe /anoeiai ?aaeoeiaai?,
eaiaeueoe? aiaeiieaciaoe/ii? n?oee caoaeai?, ?eainiie a ieo ia
aecia/athoueny.

A oeeoiieaci? i?aeo?eioth/eo ai?oae?ioeeo?a, nia?iaoiaii?e,
nia?iaoioeeo?a ? nia?iaoeae aeyaey?oueny cia/ia e?euee?noue aaceeoe,
aeano?oeoe?y i?oioiiae??e, ?icoe?aiiy eaiaeueoe?a aiaeiieaciaoe/ii?
n?oee oa aeaiaio?a eiiieaeno Aieueaeae?.

Noai e?iaiiinieo noaeei ? ia?aio?ie n?i’yiee?a a oiiaao ?i?oaoe??
ieanoeee ia?aaeiuei? no?iee iaoaeiiiai eaiaeo o uo??a. Ia 30 aeiao
aeine?aeo iana n?i’yiee?a ia noi?ii? iia?aoe?? aei??aith? 986,8±65,05 ia
i?ioe 1260,8±47,88 ia a eiio?ie?. A ieo ia? i?noea aeaoi?iaoe?y
a?oa??aeueii? n?oee, noaeei i?e?ioee?eoeyoi?iiai ?onea oa aai
n?i’yiee?a.

A a?eueoino? n?i’yieo eaiaeueoe?a aecia/athoueny ??ciiai oa?aeoa?o
no?oeoo?i? ci?ie. Cie?aia, eaaeee nooi?iue iioeiaeaeaiiy ee?oei
nia?iaoiaaiiiai ai?oae?th niinoa??aa?oueny a 33% n?i’yieo eaiaeueoe?a,
aaaeeee – o 20 % eaiaeueoe?a, 8 % eaiaeueoe?a nionoioai?.

Aeniiaee

1. Aoaeiaa e?iaiiinieo noaeei y?/ea, aeanii? iaieiiee n?i’yieo
eaiaeueoe?a oa i?aeo?eioth/eo ai?oae?ioeeo?a o /ieia?e?a c??eiai a?eo
ia? nai? iniaeeaino?, ye? caaacia/othoue ii?iaeueiee ia?aa?a
nia?iaoiaaiaco.

2. ?acoeueoaoii aieeao ai?noo a?eaeiaiai i?oea ia noaeeiii-ia?aiaee
io/ie n?i’yiiai eaiaoeea i?e ein?e iaoaeii?e a?eae? ? /anoeiaa ao?io?y
y?/ea, yea i?iyaey?oueny ciaioaiiyi eiai ia’?io ia 8 %, ae?aiao?o
n?i’yieo eaiaeueoe?a ia 19 %, ia’?io yaea? ?ioa?noeoe?eieo
aiaeie?eiioeeo?a ia 15 %, /enea nia?iaoioeeo?a ia 17 % ? nia?iaoeae ia
23 %, ?aaeoeoe??th e?eno i?oioiiae??e, ?icoe?aiiyi eaiaeueoe?a
aiaeiieaciaoe/ii? n?oee a oeeoiieaci? i?i?aeieo ee?oei oa i?aeo?eioth/eo
ai?oae?ioeeo?a.

3. I?e i?yi?e iaoaeii?e a?eae? ?iceaaee e?iaiia?ao a y?/eo
noi?iaiaeaeothoueny ciaioaiiyi eiai ia’?io ia 16 %, ae?aiao?o n?i’yieo
eaiaeueoe?a ia 24 %, ia’?io yaea? ?ioa?noeoe?eieo aiaeie?eiioeeo?a ia 20
%, e?eueeino? nia?iaoioeeo?a ia 22 %, nia?iaoeae ia 29 % oa
aeano?oeoeaieie ci?iaie a aiaeioae?ioeeoao e?iaiiinieo eai?ey??a,
i?i?aeieo ee?oeiao, i?aeo?eioth/eo ai?oae?ioeeoao.

4. I?ney iia?aoe?? ieanoeee ia?aaeiuei? no?iee iaoaeiiiai eaiaeo i?e
ein?e iaoaeii?e a?eae?, ii??aithth/e c iaiia?iaaiith a?eaeath ia’?i
y?/ea ciaioeany ia 8 %, ae?aiao? n?i’yieo eaiaeueoe?a ia 7 %, ia’?i
yaea? ?ioa?noeoe?eieo aiaeie?eiioeeo?a ia 3 %. A 25% n?i’yieo
eaiaeueoe?a – aaaeeee nooi?iue iioeiaeaeaiiy ee?oei nia?iaoiaaiiiai
ai?oae?th, 13 % n?i’yieo eaiaeueoe?a nionoioai?. E?euee?noue
nia?iaoioeeo?a ciaioeeanue ia 30 %, nia?iaoeae – ia 34 %. Ii?ooaia
oeueo?ano?oeoo?a aeanii? iaieiiee n?i’yieo eaiaeueoe?a, i?aeo?eioth/eo
ai?oae?ioeeo?a oa ee?oei nia?iaoiaaiiiai ai?oae?th.

5. Aiae?c a?oa??i- oa aaiia?ai, a?noieia?/ieo i?aia?ao?a, aeaeo?iiieo
i?e?ioioia?ao?e y?/ea i?ney ieanoeee caaeiuei? no?iee iaoaeiiiai eaiaeo
i?e ein?e iaoaeii?e a?eae?, ii??aithth/e c iaiia?iaaiith a?eaeath,
na?ae/eoue i?i ciaioaiiy ia’?io i?aaia ia 7 %, ae?aiao?o n?i’yieo
eaiaeueoe?a ia 6 %, ia’?io yaea? ?ioa?noeoe?eieo aiaeie?eiioeeo?a ia 7
%. Aei 49 % c?inoa? /enei n?i’yieo eaiaeueoe?a c ??ciei nooiaiai
iioeiaeaeaiiy ee?oei nia?iaoiaaiiiai ai?oae?th, e?euee?noue
nia?iaoioeeo?a ciaioo?oueny ia 29 %, nia?iaoeae – ia 37 %. Ia? i?noea
oeueo?ano?oeoo?ia iaoieia?y a i?i?aeieo ee?oeiao n?i’yieo eaiaeueoe?a oa
i?aeo?eioth/eo ai?oae?ioeeoao.

6. Ieanoeea caaeiuei? no?iee iaoaeiiiai eaiaeo i?e i?yi?e iaoaeii?e
a?eae? noi?iaiaeeeanue, ii??aithth/e c iaiia?iaaiith a?eaeath,
ciaioaiiyi ia’?io y?/ea ia 7 %, ae?aiao??a n?i’yieo eaiaeueoe?a ia 6%,
ia’?io yaea? ?ioa?noeoe?eieo aiaeie?eiioeeo?a ia 8 %. *enei n?i’yieo
eaiaeueoe?a c aaaeeei nooiaiai iioeiaeaeaiiy ee?oei nia?iaoiaaiiiai
ai?oae?th ? nionoioaieo eaiaeueoe?a noaiiaeoue 52%. E?euee?noue
nia?iaoioeeo?a ciaioeeanue ia 36 %, a nia?iaoeae – ia 37 %.

7. ??cieoey ia’?io y?/ea, ae?aiao??a n?i’yieo eaiaeueoe?a, ia’?io yaea?
?ioa?noeoe?eieo aiaeie?eiioeeo?a, /enea nia?iaoioeeo?a ? nia?iaoeae
i?ney ieanoeee ia?aaeiuei? oa caaeiuei? no?iee iaoaeiiiai eaiaeo i?e
eineo iaoaeiieo a?eaeao iacia/ia ? aei??aith? a na?aaeiueiio 4,2 %.
Iniiai? no?oeoo?i? ci?ie a y?/eo a?aeaoaathoueny o a?eaeiiin??a ua aei
iia?aoe??.

8. Ia 30 aeiao ?i?oaoe?? aa?i?ioii?? o oaa?ei iana n?i’yiee?a
ciaioeeanue ia 22 %, ae?aiao? n?i’yieo eaiaeueoe?a – ia 28 %, ia’?i
yaea? ?ioa?noeoe?eieo aiaeie?eiioeeo?a – ia 5 %, /enei nia?iaoioeeo?a ?
nia?iaoeae – ia 42%. Aeyaeaii no?oeoo?i? ci?ie a no?oeoo?ao AOA.

I?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??. I?e iaoaeiieo a?eaeao iaiao?aeia ?aii?
o??o?a?/ia e?eoaaiiy c iaoith onoiaiiy eiii?an?? e?iaiiinieo noaeei
y?/ea ai?noii a?eaeiaiai i?oea, ye iniiaii? i?e/eie /anoeiai? ao?io??
y?/ea.

Noiniaii y?/ea ieanoeea caaeiuei?, o ii??aiyii? c ieanoeeith ia?aaeiuei?
no?iee iaoaeiiiai eaiaeo, ? o?aaiaoe/i?oith o?eueee ia 4,2%, aea a?eueo
iaae?eiith a ieai? ?aoeeaeeao a?eae?.

Nienie iioae?eiaaieo i?aoeue.

1. A?eoeoeye A., A?eoeoeye A. Ii?oieia?y y?/ea. – ?aaii-O?aie?anuee,
1998. – 133 n. (aao. 92 n.)

2. Oooea A., A?eoeoeye A., A?eoeoeye A. Oa?aeoa? no?oeoo?ieo ci?i a
y?/eo a oiiaao ieanoeee caaeiuei? no?iee iaoaeiiiai eaiaeo //
Aaeeoeueeee e?ea?nueeee a?niee.- 1995.- O. 2.- ? 3.- N. 2-23 (aao. 1
n.).

3. Oooea A., A?eoeoeye A., A?eoeoeye A. Ii?oieia?y y?/ea a oiiaao
iaoaeiii? a?eae? oa i?ney ieanoeee iaoaeiiiai eaiaeo // Aanoiee i?iaeai
aeieiaee e iaaeeoeeiu.- 1996.- ? 5.- N. 140-142 (aao. 1 n.).

4. A?eoeoeye A. No?oeoo?i? ci?ie a y?/eo i?e ein?e iaoaeii?e a?eae? oa
i?ney aa?i?ioii?? // Aaeeoeueeee e?ea?nueeee a?niee.- 1998.- O. 2.- ?
4.- N. 102-103.

5. A?eoeoeye A. Ii?oieia?/i? ci?ie a y?/eo i?ney ieanoeee ia?aaeiuei? ?
caaeiuei? no?iee iaoaeiiiai eaiaeo i?e ein?e iaoaeii?e a?eae? //
Iaoeiaee a?niee Oaeai?iaenueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo. Na??y “Iaaeeoeeia”.-
1999.- Aei. 7.- N. 9-11.

6. A?eoeoeye A., Ianooo I., A?eoeoeye A. Iniaeeaino? eiino?oeoe??
i?e?ioee?eoeyoi?iiai ?onea y?/ea oa aaiaoioanoeeoey?iiai aa?’??a i?e
iaoaeii?e a?eae? // Aia?ieia?y.– ?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1991. – N. 23-25
(aao. 2 n.).

7. A?eoeoeye A., Ean?i A., Oooea A. Noai ?ai?iaeoeoeaieo no?oeoo? y?/ea
i?ney ieanoeee caaeiuei? no?iee iaoaeiiiai eaiaeo // Naenieia?y ?
aiae?ieia?y. – Ee?a, 1994.– Aei. 2.- N. 100-102 (aao. 1 n.)

8. A?eoeoeye A., A?eoeoeye A. Oa?aeoa?enoeea no?oeoo?ieo ci?i a
n?i’yieeao a oiiaao iiaeaethaaiiy ieanoeee ia?aaeiuei? no?iee iaoaeiiiai
eaiaeo a aenia?eiaio? // Aeooaeuei? ieoaiiy ii?oieia??. – Oa?iii?eue,
1996. – N. 196-198 (aao. 2 n.).

9. A?eoeoeye A. Oeueo?ano?oeoo?a y?/ea a oiiaao ieanoeee ia?aaeiuei?
no?iee iaoaeiiiai eaiaeo // Aeooaeuei? ieoaiiy ii?oieia??. – Oa?iii?eue,
1996. – N. 193-195.

10. A?eoeoeye A. Ii?oieia?y e?iaiiinieo noaeei ? ia?aio?ie y?/ea i?ney
ieanoeee caaeiuei? no?iee iaoaeiiiai eaiaeo i?e i?yi?e iaoaeii?e a?eae?
// Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie ooieoe?iiaeueii? aiaoii?? noaeeiii? nenoaie. –
Euea?a, 1995. – N. 39.

11. A?eoeoeye A., A?eoeoeye A., Ean?i A. Oa?aeoa?enoeea no?oeoo?ieo ci?i
a y?/eo i?ney ieanoeee ia?aaeiuei? no?iee iaoaeiiiai eaiaeo //
Aeooaeuei? ieoaiiy ii?oieia??. 1 Iaoe?iiaeueiee eiia?an aiaoii?a,
a?noieia?a ? oiiia?aoiaiaoii?a Oe?a?ie.- ?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1994.- N.
48.

12. A?eoeoeye A., A?eoeoeye A., Ianooo I. Iniaeeaino? ii?oieia??
e?iaiiinieo noaeei iaieiiie y?/ea ethaeeie // Aeooaeuei? ieoaiiy
ii?oiaaiaco.- *a?i?aoe?, 1994.- N. 44.

13. A?eoeoeye A., A?eoeoeye A. Oa?aeoa?enoeea no?oeoo?ieo ci?i a y?/eo
/ieia?e?a iioeeiai a?eo // Aeooaeuei? ieoaiiy ii?oiaaiaco.- *a?i?aoe?,
1996.- N. 97.

14. A?eoeoeye A., A?eoeoeye A. Ii?oieia?y y?/ea a oiiaao iayaiino? eini?
iaoaeiii? a?eae? // Aeooaeuei? ieoaiiy ii?oiaaiaco.- *a?i?aoe?, 1996.-
N. 96.

Aiioaoe?y

A?eoeoeye A.A. Ii?oi-ooieoe?iiaeueiee noai e?iaiiiniiai ?onea ?
ia?aio?ie y?/ea i?e iaoaeii?e a?eae? oa i?ney aa?i?iieanoeee iaoaeiiiai
eaiaeo. – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 14.03.01 – ii?iaeueia aiaoii?y. – Oa?iii?euenueea
aea?aeaaia iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y ?i. ?. Ai?aa/aanueeiai, Oa?iii?eue, 1999.

Iaoaeiia a?eaea a ?acoeueoao? oeneo ai?noo a?eaeiaiai i?oea ia aeaiaioe
n?i’yiiai eaiaoeea ? ?iceaaee e?iaiia?ao a y?/eo i?ecaiaeeoue aei
ciaioaiiy ia’?io i?aaia ae?aiao?o n?i’yieo eaiaeueoe?a, ia’?io yaea?
?ioa?noeoe?eieo aiaeie?eiioeeo?a, e?eueeino? nia?iaoioeeo?a ?
nia?iaoeae. Ieanoeea no?iie iaoaeiiiai eaiaeo ? aeiaeaoeiaith o?aaiith
aeaiaio?a n?i’yiiai eaiaoeea. A?eueo cia/i? ci?ie a y?/eo ?icaeaathoueny
i?ney ieanoeee caaeiuei? no?iee iaoaeiiiai eaiaeo. A ii??aiyii? c
ieanoeeith ia?aaeiuei? no?iee no?oeoo?i? ci?ie a y?/eo i?ney oe???
iia?aoe?? c?inee a na?aaeiueiio ia 4,2 %.

No?oeoo?i? ci?ie a e?iaiiinieo noaeeiao, ia?aio?i? y?/ea oa eiiiiiaioao
aaiaoioanoeeoey?iiai aa?’??o ye i?e a?eaeao, oae ? i?ney ieanoeee
iaoaeiiiai eaiaeo iathoue iaeiioeiiee oa?aeoa?, ai i?e/eiith ?o ?icaeoeo
? oee?eoeyoi?ia a?iien?y.

Iniiai? no?oeoo?i? ci?ie a y?/eo ?icaeaathoueny o a?eaeiiin??a ua aei
iia?aoe?? aa?i?ioii??.

C iaoith i?io?eaeoeee /ieia?/iai aacie?aeaey iaoaeii? a?eae? aeiaaathoue
?aiiueiai o??o?a?/iiai e?eoaaiiy.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: y?/ei, e?iaiiini? noaeeie, n?i’yi? eaiaeueoe?, iaoaeiia
a?eaea, aa?i?ioii?y.

Aiiioaoeey

A?eoeoeye A.A. Ii?oi-ooieoeeiiaeueiia ninoiyiea e?iaaiiniiai ?onea e
ia?aioeiu ye/ea i?e iaoiaie a?uaea e iinea a?uaeana/aiey. – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea iao/iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeeoeeineeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14.03.01 – ii?iaeueiay aiaoiiey. –
Oa?iiiieueneay ainoaea?noaaiiay iaaeeoeeineay aeaaeaiey ei. E.
Ai?aa/aaneiai, Oa?iiiieue, 1999.

I?iaeaia ioaeneiai aanieiaeey yaeyaony iinoiyiii aeooaeueiie, /oi
iaoneiaeaii aunieie /oanoaeoaeueiinoueth ?acaeaathueony iieiauo eeaoie e
aeeyieth ?acee/iuo oaeoi?ia aiaoiae n?aaeu. Iniaaiii /oanoaeoaeueiu
no?oeoo?u ye/ea e oee?eoeyoi?iie aeiienee, eioi?ay eiaao ianoi a
oneiaeyo iaee/ey iaoiaie a?uaee, a oaeaea iinea iia?aoeee a?uaeana/aiey
a nayce n eiii?anneae e?iaaiiniuo ninoaeia naiaiiiai eaiaoeea.

Iaoiaay a?uaea nii?iaiaeaeaaony ?anoe?aieai i?inaaoa a?oa?eaeueiuo e
aaiiciuo ninoaeia ye/ea, ?aaeoeoeeae iee?ininoaeia e /anoe/iie ao?ioeae
aai ia?aioeiu. A oneiaeyo einie iaoiaie a?uaee iauai ye/ea ninoaaeyao a
n?aaeiai 17,81±1,53 ni3, aeeaiao? naiaiiuo eaiaeueoeaa oiaiueoaaony aei
178.62±11,25 iei, a 20 % naiaiiuo eaiaeueoeaa eiatho ianoi oyaeaeua
?anno?ienoaa nia?iaoiaaiaca.

I?yiay iaoiaay a?uaea i?eaiaeeo e oiaiueoaieth iauaia ye/ea aei 16,05±2,
69 ni3, aeeaiao?a naiaiiuo eaiaeueoeaa – aei 167,70±6,93 iei, aei
oyaeaeuo ?anno?ienoa nia?iaoiaaiaca – a 22,6 % ec ieo. I?ienoiaeeo
ia?aaiiia?iia ooieuaiea aioo?aiiaai iaeeaoi/iiai neiy nianoaaiiie
iaiei/ee naiaiiuo eaiaeueoeaa. Oeeoiieacia ieieaeiuo eeaoie e
iiaeaea?aeeaathueo yieoaeeioeeoia aaeoieece?iaaia, eaiaeueoeu
yiaeiieaciaoe/aneie naoe ?anoe?aiu, e?enou ieoioiiae?ee ?aaeooee?iaaiu.
A e?iaaiiniuo eaieeey?ao /anoue yaea? yiaeioaeeioeeoia aeaoi?ie?iaaia,
oeeoiieacia yoeo eeaoie a ninoiyiee iaaooaiey, i?inaao eaieeey?ia
noaeai.

Iinea ieanoeee caaeiae noaiee iaoiaiai eaiaea i?e einie iaoiaie a?uaea
iauai ye/ea oiaiueoaaony aei 16, 76±1,98 ni3, a aeeaiao? naiaiiuo
eaiaeueoeaa – aei 169,79±13,89 iei. Oyaeaeay noaiaiue ia?ooaiey
nia?iaoiaaiaca iaia?oaeaia o 29,8 % naiaiiuo eaiaeueoeaa.
Yeaeo?iiiiee?ineiie/anee – ooieuaiea aioo?aiiaai iaeeaoi/iiai neiy
nianoaaiiie iaiei/ee naiaiiuo eaiaeueoeaa, ?aaeoeoeey ieioeeaiaioia e
e?eno ieoioiiae?ee ieieaeiuo eeaoie, aaceeoeyoeey oeeoiieaciu,
?anoe?aiea yeaiaioia eiiieaena Aieueaeaee e yiaeiieaciaoe/aneie naoe
iiaeaea?aeeaathueo yieoaeeioeeoia, iaeiieaiea eeieaeiuo aeeth/aiee,
iiyaeaiea ieyeeiiiiaeiaiuo no?oeoo?, aeaoi?iaoeey niaoeeaeece?iaaiiuo
niaaeeiaiee. I?inaao e?iaaiiniuo eaieeey?ia noaeai ca n/ao iaaooaiey
oeeoiieaciu yiaeioaeeioeeoia, aioo?aiiyy ieaciaeaiia eioi?uo ia?acoao
auiy/eaaiey.

A oneiaeyo ieanoeee ia?aaeiae noaiee iaoiaiai eaiaea i?e einie iaoiaie
a?uaea iaaethaeaaony ?anoe?aiea i?inaaoa e?iaaiiniuo ninoaeia a
i?aaeaeao naiaiiiai eaiaoeea, iniaaiii aaiiciuo. Iauai ye/ea oiaiueoeeny
aei 16,58±2,37 ni3, a aeeaiao? naiaiiuo eaiaeueoeaa – aei 176,06±3,58
iei. Oyaeaeay noaiaiue iia?aaeaeaiey eeaoie nia?iaoiaaiiiai yieoaeey
eiaao ianoi a 25 % caiaiiuo eaiaeueoeaa. A eiiiiiaioao
aaiaoioanoeeoey?iiai aa?uea?a – ieieaeiuo eeaoeao, iiaeaea?aeeaathueo
yieoaeeioeeoao, yiaeioaeeioeeoao e?iaaiiniuo eaieeey?ia eiatho ianoi
no?oeoo?iua eciaiaiey a ieoioiiae?eyo, yiaeiieaciaoe/aneie naoe e
eiiieaena Aieueaeaee. A n?aaiaiee n ieanoeeie caaeiae noaiee iie ieaea
iinea yoie iia?aoeee a n?aaeiai ia 4,2 %.

No?oeoo?iua eciaiaiey a e?iaaiiniuo ninoaeao ye/ea e eiiiiiaioao
aaiaoioanoeeoey?iiai aa?uea?a i?e a?uaeao e iinea ieanoeee iaoiaiai
eaiaea iinyo iaeiioeiiue oa?aeoa?, oae eae i?e/eiie eo ?acaeoey yaeyaony
oee?eoeyoi?iay aeiieney.

Iniiaiua no?oeoo?iua eciaiaiey a ye/ea ?acaeaathony o a?uaeaiineoaeae
aua aei iia?aoeee aa?ieioiiee.

N oeaeueth i?ioeeaeoeee ioaeneiai aanieiaeey iaoiaua a?uaee o?aaotho
?aiiaai oe?o?ae/aneiai ea/aiey.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ye/ei, e?iaaiiniua ninoaeu, naiaiiua eaiaeueoeu,
iaoiaay a?uaea, a?uaeana/aiea.

ANNOTATION

Gritsuljak V.B. Morpho-functional State of Blood Flow and Parenchyma of
a Testicle Under Groin Hernia and after inguinal Canal Plastics. –
Manuscript.

Thesis for obtaining a scientific degree of master of medical sciences,
Speciality 14.03.01. – Normal Anatomy. – Ternopil State Medical Academy
after I. Gorbachevsky, Ternopil, 1999.

Groin hernia under the pressure of hernial bag’s contents upon the
spermatic cord elements and disturbed blood circulation in the testicle
lead to the decrease of organ’s size, spermatic tubuli diameters,
intersticial endocrinocytes nuclei volumes, the number of spermatocytes
and spermatides. Groin canal walls plastics is an additional trauma to
the spermatic cord elements. More noticeable changes in the testicle
develop after inguinal canal’s posterior wall plastics. Compared to the
anterior wall plastics structural changes in the testicle after this
operation increased at an average by 4,2 %.

Structural changes in the blood vessels, parenchyma of the testicle and
in HTB components both under hernia and after groin canal plasty are of
the same character, because the cause of their development is
circulatory hypoxia.

The main structural changes in the testicle develop in patients with
hernia still before the operation of herniotomy to prevent sterility.

Groin hernias reguire early surgical treatment.

Key words: testicle, blood vessels, spermatic tubuli, groin hernia,
herniotomy.

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 9.03.99 ?. Oi?iao 60o84/16. Ae?oe. a?eoo?a 1,0.
Oe?aae 100. A?aeae?oeiaaii ia ??cia?ao?.

Ae?oea?iy aeaeaaieoeoaa “Ieae” I?eea?iaonueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

284000, ?aaii-O?aie?anuee, aoe. Oaa/aiea, 57

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