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Морфофункціональні особливості лейкоцитарної ланки гемопоезу в учасників ліквідації наслідків аварії на Чорнобильській АЕС у віддалений період: Авторе

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Ee?anueeee iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee ?inoeooo

aaiaoieia?? oa ia?aeeaaiiy e?ia?

IIC Oe?a?ie

?aae/oe Ciy Aieiaeeie??aia

OAeE 612. 119 + 612. 014. 482

II?OIOOIEOe?IIAEUeI? INIAEEAINO?

EAEEIOeEOA?II? EAIEE AAIIIIACO

A O*ANIEE?A E?EA?AeAOe?? IANE?AeE?A AAA???

IA *I?IIAEEUeNUeE?E AAN O A?AeAeAEAIEE IA??IAe

14.01.31 — aaiaoieia?y oa o?ainooc?ieia?y

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

Ee?a-1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?inoeooo? ee?i?/ii? ?aae?ieia?? Iaoeiaiai oeaio?o
?aae?aoe?eii? iaaeeoeeie AII Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:

— aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

Eeeiaiei A?eoi? ?aaiiae/, ea??aiee a?aeae?eo aaiaoieia?? ?inoeoooo
ee?i?/ii? ?aae?ieia?? Iaoeiaiai oeaio?o ?aae?aoe?eii? iaaeeoeeie AII
Oe?a?ie

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

— aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? ?iiaiiaa Aeea Oaaei??aia, i?ia?aeiee
iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee Ee?anueeiai IAe? aaiaoieia?? oa ia?aeeaaiiy e?ia?
IIC Oe?a?ie

— aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe Oaeueei A?eoi??y Aanee?aia, a/aiee nae?aoa?
Iaoeiaiai oeaio?o ?aae?aoe?eii? iaaeeoeeie AII Oe?a?ie

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:

— Ee?anueea iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe IIC Oe?a?ie,
eaoaae?a aaiaoieia?? oa o?ainooc?ieia??.

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 2 ” a?oaeiy 1998 ?. i 13 aiae. 00
oa. ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.612.01 o
Ee?anueeiio IAe? aaiaoieia?? oa ia?aeeaaiiy e?ia? (254060, i. Ee?a, aoe.
I. Aa?e?inueeiai, 12).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? Ee?anueeiai IAe?
aaiaoieia?? oa ia?aeeaaiiy e?ia?.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 7 ” aeiaoiy 1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
A.A. Eii?na?aiei 15

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

AEOOAEUeI?NOUe I?IAEAIE

Oiane?aeie aaa??? ia *i?iiaeeuenuee?e aoiii?e aeaeo?inoaioe?? (*AAN)
aaeeea /anoeia ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie, A?ei?on??, ?in?enueei? Oaaea?aoe??
caciaea aieeao ?ii?coth/iai aei?ii?ithaaiiy (?A) o ??cieo aeicao.

E?iaioai?ia oa e?ioi?aeia nenoaie ethaeeie iaeaaeaoue aei /enea
iaea?eueo ?aae?i/ooeeaeo ? ? naiai ?iaeo ?iaeeeaoi?ii aeeaeie
iioeiaeaeaiiy i?aai?cio ?A, iniaeeai o ?ac? aenieeo aeic, ye?
i?ecaiaeyoue aei aino?i? i?iiaiaai? oai?iae (I.E. Aaeioniaa, I.Ae.
Ai?eciioia, 1979; A.E. Ai?iaueaa, 1986; A.I. A?ocaeaa, 1988; A.A.
AEa?aei, A.A. *ooeiaei, 1989; A.E. Aonueeiaa, A.A. Aa?aiia, 1989, 1991;
N.I. ss?iiiaiei, 1992, 1997; V.P. Bond, T.M. Fliedner, 1971; T. Szepesi,
T.M. Fliedner, 1989; T.M. Fliedner, 1990). Aiaeii/an ieoaiiy i?i aieea
?A ia e?iaioai?io nenoaio a ae?aiacii? iaeeo aeic caeeoa?oueny
aeeneon?eiei (TH.E. Iineaeaa, 1983; I.Ae. A?eeeeaio, A.E. Ai?iaueaa,
A.A. Aiaei, 1987; ?. Eaoa?aea, I. Othaeaia, 1990; A.A. Ao?eaeiaa e
niaao., 1996; A.I. Eocei, 1997; N.I. ss?iiiaiei, 1997; S.A. Killiman,
1974; H.A. Neumann et al., 1981; E.R. Ritenoir, 1983; D.J. Brenner,
1993; S. Kyoizumi et al., 1994).

Aacoth/enue ia aacii?iaia?e eiioeaioe?? caeaaeiino? aoaeoo a?ae aeice
ii?ii?iaiiy oa i?eeiyoeo I?aeia?iaeiei eii?oaoii c ?aae?aoe?eiiai
caoenoo (IE?C) eiao?oe??ioao ?eceeo noioanoe/ieo aoaeo?a (ioae?eaoe?y
IE?C, ia?aaeyae 60, 1991), iiaeia i/?eoaaoe ca?eueoaiiy e?eueeino?
iieiaaiaoieia?/ieo caoai?thaaiue na?aae in?a, ye? iino?aaeaeaee
aiane?aeie aaa??? ia *AAN. Oey i?iaeaia ? iniaeeai aeooaeueiith a
eiioeaioe?? ?icaeoeo ?aae?aoe?eii-?iaeoeiaaieo eaeeic?a oa
i??eiaeenieanoe/ieo neiae?ii?a (IAeN) (A.E. Ai?iaueaa, 1986; A.A.
Aeii?a/iaa e niaao., 1990; A.I. Eaaiia e niaao., 1990; Ae.O. Aeociai e
niaao., 1992, 1996; Moloney William, 1987; H. Evans, 1990; C. Streffer,
1992; D. Preston, 1995).

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue, i?iaaaeaieo c 1986 aei 1996 ?.,
i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue iayai?noue no?eeeo ii?oieia?/ieo oa ooieoe?iiaeueieo
ci?i a aeaiaioao aaiiiiaco o o/aniee?a e?ea?aeaoe?? iane?aee?a aaa???
(EIA) ia *AAN, ye? iae/ano?oa aeyaeythoue a a?aioeioeeoao oa e?ioioeeoao
? ia ? iciaeith eiie?aoiiai aaiaoieia?/iiai caoai?thaaiiy (A.A.
*ooeiaei, 1989; I.I. Etha/aiei e niaao., 1991; A.A. Oaeueei, AE.I.
Iei/aiei, 1992, 1993; A.A. AEa?aei, A.A. Iei/oe e niaao., 1992; A.N.
Caa?eiaa e niaao., 1994; A.A. Aaaaoei e niaao., 1992, 1996; A.E.
Eeeiaiei e niaao., 1991, 1996, 1997).

Iniaeeao o?eaiao uiaei iiaeeeaiai ?icaeoeo aaiiaeanoic?a aeeeeea? a?oia
o/aniee?a EIA ia *AAN 1986 ?., a oaeiae iniae, ye? iino?eii i?aoeththoue
a o?eaeoeyoee?eiiao?ia?e cii? *AAN. Na?aae ieo aeyaeaii ca?eueoaiiy
e?eueeino? iaoe??io?a c ??cieie aaiaoieia?/ieie a?aeoeeaiiyie:
eaeeioeeoicaie, eaeeiiai?yie, aiai?yie, o?iiaioeeoiiai?yie,
o?iiaioeeoicaie, e?ioi- ? iiiioeeoicaie, e?ioaaeaiiiao?yie. Iioae?eiaaii
aeai?, ui na?ae/aoue i?i c?inoaiiy caoai?thaaiino? ia eaeeai?th na?aae
o/aniee?a EIA ia *AAN, iaoeaioe?a Oe?a?ie, ye? aeeiioaaee aaa??ei?
?iaioe a 1986 ?., oiaoi o iaeneiaeueii iani?eyoeeaee
?aae?aoe?eii-aeieia?/iee ia??iae (A.A. Eaaeiuoe e niaao., 1993; A.A.
Aaaaoei, A.E. Eeeiaiei, 1994, 1996). Oiio ioe?iea noaio e?iaioai?ii?
nenoaie o oeueiai eiioeiaaioo oai?eo o aeeiai?oe? i?neyaaa??eiiai
ia??iaeo ? aeooaeueiith ? iio?aao? ?aoaeueiiai aaiaoieia?/iiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy.

CA’ssCIE ?IAIOE C IAOEIAEIE I?IA?AIAIE, IEAIAIE, OAIAIE

Ia?aiee iai?yiie aeine?aeaeaiue aaciina?aaeiuei iia’ycaiee c ieaiiaith
?iaioith ?inoeoooo ee?i?/ii? ?aae?ieia?? ? aoiaeeoue o eiiieaenio IAe?
AN?* (5.236 *.93) “Aeiaaino?ieiaee iii?oi?eia nenoaie e?iaioai?aiiy oa
aaiinoaco o in?a, ye? ia?aianee aino?o i?iiaiaao oai?iao, o/aniee?a
e?ea?aeaoe?? iane?aee?a aaa??? ia *i?iiaeeuenuee?e AAN oa iaoeaioe?a
eiio?ieueiaaieo oa?eoi??e, ?ic?iaea oa aaeineiiaeaiiy ?aiiuei?
ae?aaiinoeee caoai?thaaiue nenoaie e?ia?”.

IAOA ?IAIOE

Aecia/eoe iniaeeaino? oi?ioaaiiy iaoieia?/ieo ii?ooaiue o eaeeioeeoa?i?e
eaioe? aaiiiiaco na?aae o/aniee?a EIA ia *AAN, iaoeaioe?a Oe?a?ie, ui
caciaee aieeao ?A o ae?aiacii? aeic a?ae 0,05 aei 1 A? ? iathoue
noaa?euei? a?aeoeeaiiy a aaiia?ai?; aeyaeoe iaea?eueo oa?aeoa?i?
ee?i?ei-eaai?aoi?i? e?eoa??? aeey oi?ioaaiiy a?oi ?eceeo uiaei ?icaeoeo
iieiaaiaoieia?/ii? iaoieia??.

INIIAI? CAAAeAIIss AeINE?AeAEAIIss

— Aeaoe e?euee?nio oa ye?nio oa?aeoa?enoeeo eaeeioeeo?a ia?eoa?e/ii?
e?ia? (IE) o o/aniee?a EIA ia *AAN, iaoeaioe?a Oe?a?ie (aeica
ii?ii?iaiiy a?ae 0,05 aei 1 A?), /a?ac 10 ?ie?a i?ney *i?iiaeeuenueei?
eaoano?ioe.

— Aecia/eoe oa?aeoa? ii?ooaiue a aeaiaioao eaeeiiiaco e?noeiaiai iiceo
(EI) o aeai?e a?oi? o/aniee?a EIA ia *AAN.

— Aeyaeoe iiaeeea? ?aii? ee?i?ei-ii?oieia?/i? iciaee ?icaeoeo
iieiaaiaoieia?/ii? iaoieia??, a oaeiae ?o caeaaei?noue a?ae io?eiaii?
aeice ii?ii?iaiiy e ia??iaeo o/ano? a aaa??eii-a?aeiiaethaaeueieo
?iaioao o a?oiao o/aniee?a EIA ia *AAN, ye? iathoue noaa?euei?
a?aeoeeaiiy a aaiia?ai?.

IAOEIAA IIAECIA

Oiane?aeie eiiieaeniiai aea/aiiy noaio eaeeioeeoa?ii? eaiee aaiiiiaco ca
aeiiiiiaith ii?oieia?/ieo, oeeoio?i?/ieo, aeaeo?iiii-i?e?ineii?/ieo
iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy a o/aniee?a EIA ia *AAN, iaoeaioe?a Oe?a?ie, ye?
caciaee aieeao ?A (ae?aiacii aeic a?ae 0,05 aei 1 A?), /a?ac 10 ?ie?a
i?ney aaa??? aeyaeai? nooo?a? e?euee?ni? oa ye?ni? ci?ie eaeeioeeo?a IE
? EI.

Onoaiiaeaii, ui aeey o/aniee?a EIA ia *AAN 1986 ?. oa?aeoa?iei ?
i?eai?/aiiy eaeeioeeoa?ii? eaiee aaiiiiaco, ui i?iyaey?oueny cieaeaiiyi
e?eueeino? eaeeioeeo?a o IE, iaeo?iiai??th, a?iiee?oeii?noth EI; o in?a,
ye? o?eaaeee /an i?aoethaaee a o?eaeoeyoee?eiiao?ia?e cii? *AAN c
19861987 ??., ia?aaaaeathoue aaiaoieia?/i? a?aeoeeaiiy, iia’ycai? c?
noeioeyoe??th eaeeiiiaco: eaeeioeeoic, iaeo?io?eueic, iiiioeeoic o IE,
a?ia?ieac?y eaeeioeeoa?ii? eaiee aaiiiiaco ?c cao?eieith aeic??aaiiy
a?aioeioeeo?a o EI. Aeey iaoe??io?a iaio a?oi oa?aeoa?iei ? ii?ooaiiy
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy no?iiaeueieo oa e?iaioai?ieo aeaiaio?a, ui i?iyaey?oueny
ca?eueoaiiyi e?eueeino? o?a?iaeano?a ? ?aoeeoey?ieo ee?oei iacaeaaeii
a?ae io?eiaii? aeice ii?ii?iaiiy.

O in?a, ye? iathoue noaa?euei? a?aeoeeaiiy a aaiia?ai?, aeyaeai? ye?ni?
oa ooieoe?iiaeuei? ii?ooaiiy a a?aioeioeeoao oa e?ioioeeoao IE ? EI
(o?aaiaioaoe?y oa a?ia?naaiaioaoe?y yaea? iaeo?io?eueieo a?aioeioeeo?a,
/anoeiaa aai iiaia inaaaeiiaeueaa?iaa aiiiae?y, a?iia?aioeyoe?y
iaeo?io?eueieo oa aiceiio?eueieo a?aioeioeeo?a, aaeoie?caoe?y yae?a oa
oeeoiieacie a?aioeioeeo?a ? e?ioioeeo?a, aacio?e?y e aao?ii/ano?noue
oeeoiieacie e?ioioeeo?a, ?eaea?ia? oi?ie e?ioioeeo?a), ui ? iaei??th c
iciae ?icaeoeo IAeN. Ia?aaaaeath/eie oeueo?ano?oeoo?ieie iioeiaeaeaiiyie
eaeeioeeo?a EI oa aeaiaio?a aaiiiiaoe/iiai i?e?iioi/aiiy ? aeeno?io?/i?
oa iae?ia?ioe/i? ci?ie aeaiaio?a oeeoiieacie (iaia?ai ? i?aaii?ae?a), a
oaeiae iaiiaia oa aneio?iiia aeic??aaiiy niaoeeo?/iiai a?aioey?iiai
aia?aoo a?aioeioeeo?a ia ??cieo noaae?yo ee?oeiiiai ?icaeoeo. Oe? ci?ie
aeyaeythoue a on?o ianoaaeaieo o/aniee?a EIA ia *AAN 1986 ?., c aeicith
ii?ii?iaiiy iiiaae 0,5 A?, a oaeiae o iaoe??io?a c ?ao?aeoa?iith
eaeeiiai??th. Ii?yae ?c oeei niinoa??aa?oueny cieaeaiiy aeoeaiino?
eenei? oinoaoace (EO) o iaeo?io?eueieo a?aioeioeeoao, e?ioioeeoao IE ?
i??eioeeoao EI a o/aniee?a EIA ia *AAN 1986 ?., a oaeiae i?aeaeuaiiy
aeoeaiino? aeaiiai oa?iaioo a e?ioioeeoao IE ? EI o in?a, ye? o?eaaeee
/an i?aoethaaee a cii? *AAN. O iaoe??io?a iaio a?oi i?aeaeuaiee ai?no
PAS-iiceoeaiiai iaoa??aeo a e?ioioeeoao IE ? EI c ?iciiae?eii i?iaeoeoo
o aeaeyae? aaeeeeo a?aioe oa aeiaoe, ui na?ae/eoue i?i iayai?noue
ooieoe?iiaeueieo a?aeoeeaiue a aeaiaioao eaeeiiiaco. Oe? aeai? iiaeooue
aooe aeei?enoai? aeey oi?ioaaiiy a?oi ?eceeo c iieiaaiaoieia?/ieo
caoai?thaaiue.

I?AEOE*IA CIA*OU?NOUe ? AI?IAAAeAEAIIss IAeA?AEAIEO ?ACOEUeOAO?A

?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue o a?oi? o/aniee?a EIA ia *AAN,
iaoeaioe?a Oe?a?ie, ui caciaee aieeao ?A (ae?aiacii aeic a?ae 0,05 aei 1
A?) ? iathoue noaa?euei? a?aeoeeaiiy a aaiia?ai?, aeicaieythoue
aecia/eoe o ieo ee?i?ei-aaiaoieia?/i? e?eoa??? ?eceeo ?icaeoeo
iieiaaiaoieia?/ii? iaoieia?? /a?ac 10 ?ie?a i?ney aaa???. Aei ieo
iaeaaeaoue e?euee?ni?, ye?ni? oa ooieoe?iiaeuei? ci?ie eaeeioeeo?a IE ?
EI o ii?aeiaii? c ee?i?/ieie i?iyaaie (e?ioaaeaiiiao?y, nieaiiiaaae?y,
aaii?aa?/iee neiae?ii, inaea??) aai aac ieo. A?oiith i??i?eoaoiiai
iaaeyaeo ? iniae, ye? iathoue aeai- aai o?e?inoeiao oeeoiiai?th, eiee
ii?yae ?c ciaioaiiyi e?eueeino? eaeeioeeo?a iayaia ua e o?iiaioeeoiiai?y
?/aai aiai?y. An? iaoe??ioe, ye? iathoue noaa?euei? a?aeoeeaiiy a
aiae?cao IE, a?aeianai? aei a?oie aenieiai ?eceeo c ?icaeoeo
aaiiaeanoic?a oa IAeN ? iio?aaothoue iino?eiiai aaiaoieia?/iiai
eiio?ieth ia ??aeoa i?ae 1 ?ac ia 3 i?n.

Io?eiai? aeai? aeicaieythoue cae?enithaaoe ae?aaiinoeeo caoai?thaaiue
e?iaioai?ii? nenoaie ia ?aii?o aoaiao oi?ioaaiiy iaoieia?/iiai i?ioeano
oa i?iaiaeeoe ?o aaeaeaaoio ei?aeoe?th c iaoith i?i?i?caoe?? iaaaoeaieo
aoaeo?a ae?? ?A ia nenoaio aaiiiiaco. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe
ai?iaaaeaeai? a i?aeoe/io ae?yeuei?noue aaiaoieia?/iiai a?aeae?eaiiy
?inoeoooo ee?i?/ii? ?aae?ieia?? Iaoeiaiai oeaio?o ?aae?aoe?eii?
iaaeeoeeie (IOe?I), aeei?enoiaothoueny a aeiiia?aeyo ia
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo ? nai?ia?ao.

AI?IAAOe?ss ?IAIOE

Aeena?oaoe?th ai?iaiaaii ia can?aeaii? a/aii? ?aaee ?inoeoooo ee?i?/ii?
?aae?ieia?? IOe?I o aeiaoi? 1997 ?. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue
aeiiia?aeaee oa iaaiai?thaaee ia ??? Oe?a?inueeiio c’?cae? aaiaoieia?a
oa o?ainooc?ieia?a (Noie, 1995), eiioa?aioe?? iieiaeeo o/aieo IOe?I
(1996), iioae?eiaai? a 9 iaoeiaeo i?aoeyo.

IANssA OA NO?OEOO?A ?IAIOE

Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia 135 noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo,
neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e, 6 aeaa ?acoeueoao?a aeanieo
aeine?aeaeaiue, aiae?co oa ocaaaeueiaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy,
aeniiae?a oa nieneo e?oa?aoo?e, ui aeeth/a? 217 i?aoeue a?o/eciyieo oa
ca?oa?aeieo aaoi??a, 1 aeiaeaoeo. ?iaioa ?ethno?iaaia 21 oaaeeoeath, 3
a?ao?eaie oa 10 aeaeo?iiiii?e?ioioia?aiaie.

AeAEEA?AOe?ss INIAENOIAI AIANEO A ?IC?IAEO IAOEIAEO ?ACOEUeOAO?A

On? iieiaeaiiy, ui aeianai? aei caoenoo, ?ic?iaeai? aaoi?ii iniaenoi.
Aeneiaeth?ii iiaeyeo i?ia?aeiiio iaoeiaiio ni?a?ia?oieeo EIAe?AIE eaiae.
iaae. iaoe A.?. Eiaaeue oa i?ia?aeiiio iaoeiaiio ni?a?ia?oieeo OIAe?I?
eaiae. iaae. iaoe E.I. Cioeeiao ca aeiiiiiao o aeeiiaii? ?iaioe.

CI?NO ?IAIOE

IAOA??AEE OA IAOIAeE AeINE?AeAEAIIss

Niinoa??aaee 259 o/aniee?a EIA ia *AAN a?eii a?ae 25 aei 62 ?ie?a
(na?aaei?e a?e 39 2,67), c ieo 235 /ieia?e?a oa 24 ae?iee.

On? ianoaaeai? iaee aeieoiaioaeueii ca?a?no?iaaio aeico ii?ii?iaiiy a?ae
0,05 aei 1 A?, yea a 60% aeiaaee?a aoea aa?eo?eiaaia o a?aeae?e?
aeiceiao??? IOe?I. Caeaaeii a?ae ia??iaeo o/ano? a
aaa??eii-a?aeiiaethaaeueieo ?iaioao ia *AAN iaoe??ioe aoee ?iciiae?eai?
ia aea? a?oie: 1-oa a?oia (A) — o/anieee EIA ia *AAN 1986 ?. (127 in?a);
2-aa a?oia (A) — iniae, ye? i?aoethaaee aaooiaei iaoiaeii ia *AAN c
19861987 aei 19931994 ??. aeeth/ii (132). A?aeiia?aeii aei io?eiaii?
aeice ii?ii?iaiiy iaoe??ioe eiaeii? a?oie aoee ?iciiae?eai? ia o?e
i?aea?oie: ? — aeica ii?ii?iaiiy neeaaeaea iaioa 0,25 A?; ?? — aeica
ii?ii?iaiiy a?ae 0,26 aei 0,5 A?; ??? — aeica ii?ii?iaiiy a?ae 0,51 aei
1 A?.

A?oio niinoa?aaeaiiy aoei noi?iiaaii ca ?acoeueoaoaie ne?ei?iaiaiai
ianoaaeaiiy 6145 in?a, ui iino?aaeaeaee aiane?aeie *i?iiaeeuenueei?
eaoano?ioe. Na?aae ieo aeyaeaii 684 iaoe??ioe c? ci?iaie a aiae?cao IE,
ye? a 64% aeiaaee?a aoee coiiaeai? iayai?noth noiooiuei? iaoieia??. Oe?
oai?? aoee aeeo/ai? c iiaeaeueoiai iaaeyaeo. Aaiaoieia?/iei e?eoa???i
a?aeai?o iaoe??io?a aei a?oie niinoa?aaeaiiy aoee o?eaae? (ia iaioa
?ieo) oa no?ee? a?aeoeeaiiy e?eueeino? eaeeioeeo?a IE: eaeeioeeoice,
eaeeiiai??, e?ioioeeoice, iiiioeeoice, aiceiio?e??, iaeo?iiai??
iac’yniaaii? ao?ieia??.

A?oio eiio?ieth neeaee 46 i?aeoe/ii caei?iaeo in?a (42 /ieia?ee ? 4
ae?iee) o a?oe? a?ae 22 aei 52 ?ie?a (na?aaei?e a?e 35 2,34), ye? ia
iaee a?aeoeeaiue a aiae?cao e?ia? e ia a?aee o/ano? a EIA ia *AAN.

I?ae /an aeeiiaiiy ?iaioe canoiniaoaaee oae? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy:

1. Ee?i?/ia ianoaaeaiiy i?aai?a oa nenoai.

2. ?icai?iooee aiae?c e?ia? c aea/aiiyi ye?nieo ii?oieia?/ieo
oa?aeoa?enoee eaeeioeeo?a o iaceao IE ? EI.

3. Ioe?iea e?noeiaiiiceiaiai e?iaioai?aiiy a ioieoaoao c a?oaeieie ?/aai
caeooaeiii? e?noee. I?ae?aooiie i??eia?ai ?iaeee ia 500 yae?iai?nieo
ee?oeiao EI.

4. A?noieia?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy a?iioao?a EI, io?eiaieo iaoiaeii
iicaeiaaeiuei? o?aiaiia?iin?? c e?eea caeooaeiii? e?noee.

A?iioaoe o?enoaaee a ??aeei? Ea?ioa, aeaeaeueoeeioaaee a ??aeei? aea
Eano?i. Iiaeaeueoo ia?iaeo iaoa??aeo i?iaiaeeee ca caaaeueiii?eeiyoeie a
a?noieia?/i?e i?aeoeoe? iaoiaeaie (A.A. Ia?eoeia, 1969). Aeine?aeaeaiiy
aeeiiai? i?ae ea??aieoeoaii eaiae. iaae. iaoe A.?. Eiaaeue ia aac?
Ee?anueeiai IAe? aaiaoieia?? oa ia?aeeaaiiy e?ia?.

5. Oeeoio?i?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy eaeeioeeo?a IE ? EI ?c aecia/aiiyi:
aeoeaiino? EO o e?ioioeeoao ? iaeo?io?eueieo a?aioeioeeoao (iaoiaeii
iaeii/aniiai aciniieo/aiiy ca Aieueaeaa?aii ? Aa?eii, 1962); aeoeaiino?
ia?ieneaeace iaeo?io?eueieo a?aioeioeeo?a (III) (Eaea, 1927); ai?noo
ioeiiie?naoa?eae?a ? ae?eiaaio a e?ioioeeoao ? iaeo?io?eueieo
a?aioeioeeoao ca aeiiiiiaith PAS-?aaeoe?? (Iae-Iaion ? Oi/e?n, 1948).
?acoeueoaoe ae?aaeaee o aeaeyae? na?aaeiueiai oeeoio?i?/iiai
eiao?oe??ioa.

6. Aea/aiiy oeueo?ano?oeoo?ieo iniaeeainoae aeaiaio?a eaeeiiiaco a EI
iaoiaeii aeaeo?iiii? i?e?ineii??. E?noeiaiiiceia? aaeee c ani??ao?a
o?enoaaee a 2% ?ic/ei? aethoa?iaiai aeueaeaa?aeo, 2% ?ic/ei? /ioe?eieeno
ini?th ? a 0,1–iiey?iiio oinoaoiiio aooa?? i?e ?I 7,3. Iio?i oeaieie
ciaaiaeithaaee o nie?oao aeno?aeii? eiioeaio?aoe?? oa ieeno i?ii?eaio
aai aaniethoiiio aoeaoii?, i?ney /iai ai?uoaaee a Aiii ca iaoiaeeeith
Eaooa (1961). Aiooaaee oeueo?aoiie? c??ce ia oeueo?ai?e?ioii? EEA 8800
??? (Oaaoe?y). Aeey ia?aaeyaeo i?aia?ao?a canoiniaoaaee aeaeo?iiiee
i?e?ineii AI-?00A (ssiii?y) c i?enei?thaaeueiith iai?oaith 60–80 eA.
Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeee ia aac? eaai?aoi??? iaoieiaiaiaoii?/iiai
a?aeae?eo OIAe?I? ni?eueii c eaiae. iaae. iaoe E.I. Cioeeiaei.

7. Noaoenoe/io ia?iaeo io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a ca iaoiaeii aa??aoe?eii?
noaoenoeee i?iaiaeeee ia eiii’thoa?? ?AI/?N ca aeiiiiiaith i?ia?aiiiai
caaacia/aiiy Microsoft Exel 5.0. I?iaiaeeee ei?aeyoe?eiee aiae?c c
ae?aoiaoaaiiyi eiao?oe??ioa ei?aeyoe??, noaiaea?oii? iioeaee
eiao?oe??ioa ei?aeyoe?? oa e?eoa???a eiai a??ia?aeiino?.

?ACOEUeOAOE AeINE?AeAEAIUe

O ee?i?/i?e ea?oei? a?eueoino? iaoe??io?a ia?aaaaeaee neiioiie
caaaeueiiai oa?aeoa?o (i?aeaeuaia aoiia, neaae?noue, i?oeea?noue,
caiaii?i/aiiy, na?oeaaeooy). Aiai?? aeyaeyee o 18% aeiaaee?a na?aae in?a
1-? a?oie oa o 9% — 2-?; aaii?aa?/iee neiae?ii — o 12% aeiaaee?a o 1-e
a?oi? ? o 7% — a 2-e; e?ioaaeaiiiao?? — o 9% aeiaaee?a o 1-e oa o 13% —
a 2-e a?oi?; ca?eueoaiiy ?ici???a ia/?iee — o 7% a 1-e ? 8% — a 2-e,
naeac?iee — o 5% aeiaaee?a o 1-e a?oi? oa o 3% — a 2-e.

Na?aae aeyaeaieo aaiaoieia?/ieo neiae?ii?a a aiae?cao IE ia?aaaaeaee
no?ee? oeeoiiai?? (eaeei- ?/aai o?iiaioeeoiiai??) — 121 aeiaaeie (46%),
a oaeiae eaeeioeeoice i??eioeeoa?iiai oeio — 86 aeiaaee?a (33%). O 16%
ianoaaeaieo (42 aeiaaeee) ci?ie a eaeeioeeoa?i?e eaioe? ii?aeioaaeeny c
aiai??th oa/aai o?iiaioeeoiiai??th.

Na?aaei? cia/aiiy iieaciee?a IE a ianoaaeaieo a?oiao aoee o iaaeao
ii?iaoeaieo cia/aiue. Iaeiae ii??aiyii c iieacieeaie in?a eiio?ieueii?
a?oie a?aecia/aii a??ia?aeio ??cieoeth o aeayeeo ia?aiao?ao e?ia?. O
a?oi? A I aeyaeaii cieaeaiiy e?eueeino? o?iiaioeeo?a (197,32 13,28;
eiio?ieueia a?oia — 267 17; ?

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