Ee?anueeee iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee ?inoeooo

aaiaoieia?? oa ia?aeeaaiiy e?ia?

IIC Oe?a?ie

?aae/oe Ciy Aieiaeeie??aia

OAeE 612. 119 + 612. 014. 482

II?OIOOIEOe?IIAEUeI? INIAEEAINO?

EAEEIOeEOA?II? EAIEE AAIIIIACO

A O*ANIEE?A E?EA?AeAOe?? IANE?AeE?A AAA???

IA *I?IIAEEUeNUeE?E AAN O A?AeAeAEAIEE IA??IAe

14.01.31 — aaiaoieia?y oa o?ainooc?ieia?y

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

Ee?a-1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?inoeooo? ee?i?/ii? ?aae?ieia?? Iaoeiaiai oeaio?o
?aae?aoe?eii? iaaeeoeeie AII Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:

— aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

Eeeiaiei A?eoi? ?aaiiae/, ea??aiee a?aeae?eo aaiaoieia?? ?inoeoooo
ee?i?/ii? ?aae?ieia?? Iaoeiaiai oeaio?o ?aae?aoe?eii? iaaeeoeeie AII
Oe?a?ie

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

— aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? ?iiaiiaa Aeea Oaaei??aia, i?ia?aeiee
iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee Ee?anueeiai IAe? aaiaoieia?? oa ia?aeeaaiiy e?ia?
IIC Oe?a?ie

— aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe Oaeueei A?eoi??y Aanee?aia, a/aiee nae?aoa?
Iaoeiaiai oeaio?o ?aae?aoe?eii? iaaeeoeeie AII Oe?a?ie

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:

— Ee?anueea iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe IIC Oe?a?ie,
eaoaae?a aaiaoieia?? oa o?ainooc?ieia??.

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 2 ” a?oaeiy 1998 ?. i 13 aiae. 00
oa. ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.612.01 o
Ee?anueeiio IAe? aaiaoieia?? oa ia?aeeaaiiy e?ia? (254060, i. Ee?a, aoe.
I. Aa?e?inueeiai, 12).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? Ee?anueeiai IAe?
aaiaoieia?? oa ia?aeeaaiiy e?ia?.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 7 ” aeiaoiy 1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
A.A. Eii?na?aiei 15

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

AEOOAEUeI?NOUe I?IAEAIE

Oiane?aeie aaa??? ia *i?iiaeeuenuee?e aoiii?e aeaeo?inoaioe?? (*AAN)
aaeeea /anoeia ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie, A?ei?on??, ?in?enueei? Oaaea?aoe??
caciaea aieeao ?ii?coth/iai aei?ii?ithaaiiy (?A) o ??cieo aeicao.

E?iaioai?ia oa e?ioi?aeia nenoaie ethaeeie iaeaaeaoue aei /enea
iaea?eueo ?aae?i/ooeeaeo ? ? naiai ?iaeo ?iaeeeaoi?ii aeeaeie
iioeiaeaeaiiy i?aai?cio ?A, iniaeeai o ?ac? aenieeo aeic, ye?
i?ecaiaeyoue aei aino?i? i?iiaiaai? oai?iae (I.E. Aaeioniaa, I.Ae.
Ai?eciioia, 1979; A.E. Ai?iaueaa, 1986; A.I. A?ocaeaa, 1988; A.A.
AEa?aei, A.A. *ooeiaei, 1989; A.E. Aonueeiaa, A.A. Aa?aiia, 1989, 1991;
N.I. ss?iiiaiei, 1992, 1997; V.P. Bond, T.M. Fliedner, 1971; T. Szepesi,
T.M. Fliedner, 1989; T.M. Fliedner, 1990). Aiaeii/an ieoaiiy i?i aieea
?A ia e?iaioai?io nenoaio a ae?aiacii? iaeeo aeic caeeoa?oueny
aeeneon?eiei (TH.E. Iineaeaa, 1983; I.Ae. A?eeeeaio, A.E. Ai?iaueaa,
A.A. Aiaei, 1987; ?. Eaoa?aea, I. Othaeaia, 1990; A.A. Ao?eaeiaa e
niaao., 1996; A.I. Eocei, 1997; N.I. ss?iiiaiei, 1997; S.A. Killiman,
1974; H.A. Neumann et al., 1981; E.R. Ritenoir, 1983; D.J. Brenner,
1993; S. Kyoizumi et al., 1994).

Aacoth/enue ia aacii?iaia?e eiioeaioe?? caeaaeiino? aoaeoo a?ae aeice
ii?ii?iaiiy oa i?eeiyoeo I?aeia?iaeiei eii?oaoii c ?aae?aoe?eiiai
caoenoo (IE?C) eiao?oe??ioao ?eceeo noioanoe/ieo aoaeo?a (ioae?eaoe?y
IE?C, ia?aaeyae 60, 1991), iiaeia i/?eoaaoe ca?eueoaiiy e?eueeino?
iieiaaiaoieia?/ieo caoai?thaaiue na?aae in?a, ye? iino?aaeaeaee
aiane?aeie aaa??? ia *AAN. Oey i?iaeaia ? iniaeeai aeooaeueiith a
eiioeaioe?? ?icaeoeo ?aae?aoe?eii-?iaeoeiaaieo eaeeic?a oa
i??eiaeenieanoe/ieo neiae?ii?a (IAeN) (A.E. Ai?iaueaa, 1986; A.A.
Aeii?a/iaa e niaao., 1990; A.I. Eaaiia e niaao., 1990; Ae.O. Aeociai e
niaao., 1992, 1996; Moloney William, 1987; H. Evans, 1990; C. Streffer,
1992; D. Preston, 1995).

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue, i?iaaaeaieo c 1986 aei 1996 ?.,
i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue iayai?noue no?eeeo ii?oieia?/ieo oa ooieoe?iiaeueieo
ci?i a aeaiaioao aaiiiiaco o o/aniee?a e?ea?aeaoe?? iane?aee?a aaa???
(EIA) ia *AAN, ye? iae/ano?oa aeyaeythoue a a?aioeioeeoao oa e?ioioeeoao
? ia ? iciaeith eiie?aoiiai aaiaoieia?/iiai caoai?thaaiiy (A.A.
*ooeiaei, 1989; I.I. Etha/aiei e niaao., 1991; A.A. Oaeueei, AE.I.
Iei/aiei, 1992, 1993; A.A. AEa?aei, A.A. Iei/oe e niaao., 1992; A.N.
Caa?eiaa e niaao., 1994; A.A. Aaaaoei e niaao., 1992, 1996; A.E.
Eeeiaiei e niaao., 1991, 1996, 1997).

Iniaeeao o?eaiao uiaei iiaeeeaiai ?icaeoeo aaiiaeanoic?a aeeeeea? a?oia
o/aniee?a EIA ia *AAN 1986 ?., a oaeiae iniae, ye? iino?eii i?aoeththoue
a o?eaeoeyoee?eiiao?ia?e cii? *AAN. Na?aae ieo aeyaeaii ca?eueoaiiy
e?eueeino? iaoe??io?a c ??cieie aaiaoieia?/ieie a?aeoeeaiiyie:
eaeeioeeoicaie, eaeeiiai?yie, aiai?yie, o?iiaioeeoiiai?yie,
o?iiaioeeoicaie, e?ioi- ? iiiioeeoicaie, e?ioaaeaiiiao?yie. Iioae?eiaaii
aeai?, ui na?ae/aoue i?i c?inoaiiy caoai?thaaiino? ia eaeeai?th na?aae
o/aniee?a EIA ia *AAN, iaoeaioe?a Oe?a?ie, ye? aeeiioaaee aaa??ei?
?iaioe a 1986 ?., oiaoi o iaeneiaeueii iani?eyoeeaee
?aae?aoe?eii-aeieia?/iee ia??iae (A.A. Eaaeiuoe e niaao., 1993; A.A.
Aaaaoei, A.E. Eeeiaiei, 1994, 1996). Oiio ioe?iea noaio e?iaioai?ii?
nenoaie o oeueiai eiioeiaaioo oai?eo o aeeiai?oe? i?neyaaa??eiiai
ia??iaeo ? aeooaeueiith ? iio?aao? ?aoaeueiiai aaiaoieia?/iiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy.

CA’ssCIE ?IAIOE C IAOEIAEIE I?IA?AIAIE, IEAIAIE, OAIAIE

Ia?aiee iai?yiie aeine?aeaeaiue aaciina?aaeiuei iia’ycaiee c ieaiiaith
?iaioith ?inoeoooo ee?i?/ii? ?aae?ieia?? ? aoiaeeoue o eiiieaenio IAe?
AN?* (5.236 *.93) “Aeiaaino?ieiaee iii?oi?eia nenoaie e?iaioai?aiiy oa
aaiinoaco o in?a, ye? ia?aianee aino?o i?iiaiaao oai?iao, o/aniee?a
e?ea?aeaoe?? iane?aee?a aaa??? ia *i?iiaeeuenuee?e AAN oa iaoeaioe?a
eiio?ieueiaaieo oa?eoi??e, ?ic?iaea oa aaeineiiaeaiiy ?aiiuei?
ae?aaiinoeee caoai?thaaiue nenoaie e?ia?”.

IAOA ?IAIOE

Aecia/eoe iniaeeaino? oi?ioaaiiy iaoieia?/ieo ii?ooaiue o eaeeioeeoa?i?e
eaioe? aaiiiiaco na?aae o/aniee?a EIA ia *AAN, iaoeaioe?a Oe?a?ie, ui
caciaee aieeao ?A o ae?aiacii? aeic a?ae 0,05 aei 1 A? ? iathoue
noaa?euei? a?aeoeeaiiy a aaiia?ai?; aeyaeoe iaea?eueo oa?aeoa?i?
ee?i?ei-eaai?aoi?i? e?eoa??? aeey oi?ioaaiiy a?oi ?eceeo uiaei ?icaeoeo
iieiaaiaoieia?/ii? iaoieia??.

INIIAI? CAAAeAIIss AeINE?AeAEAIIss

— Aeaoe e?euee?nio oa ye?nio oa?aeoa?enoeeo eaeeioeeo?a ia?eoa?e/ii?
e?ia? (IE) o o/aniee?a EIA ia *AAN, iaoeaioe?a Oe?a?ie (aeica
ii?ii?iaiiy a?ae 0,05 aei 1 A?), /a?ac 10 ?ie?a i?ney *i?iiaeeuenueei?
eaoano?ioe.

— Aecia/eoe oa?aeoa? ii?ooaiue a aeaiaioao eaeeiiiaco e?noeiaiai iiceo
(EI) o aeai?e a?oi? o/aniee?a EIA ia *AAN.

— Aeyaeoe iiaeeea? ?aii? ee?i?ei-ii?oieia?/i? iciaee ?icaeoeo
iieiaaiaoieia?/ii? iaoieia??, a oaeiae ?o caeaaei?noue a?ae io?eiaii?
aeice ii?ii?iaiiy e ia??iaeo o/ano? a aaa??eii-a?aeiiaethaaeueieo
?iaioao o a?oiao o/aniee?a EIA ia *AAN, ye? iathoue noaa?euei?
a?aeoeeaiiy a aaiia?ai?.

IAOEIAA IIAECIA

Oiane?aeie eiiieaeniiai aea/aiiy noaio eaeeioeeoa?ii? eaiee aaiiiiaco ca
aeiiiiiaith ii?oieia?/ieo, oeeoio?i?/ieo, aeaeo?iiii-i?e?ineii?/ieo
iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy a o/aniee?a EIA ia *AAN, iaoeaioe?a Oe?a?ie, ye?
caciaee aieeao ?A (ae?aiacii aeic a?ae 0,05 aei 1 A?), /a?ac 10 ?ie?a
i?ney aaa??? aeyaeai? nooo?a? e?euee?ni? oa ye?ni? ci?ie eaeeioeeo?a IE
? EI.

Onoaiiaeaii, ui aeey o/aniee?a EIA ia *AAN 1986 ?. oa?aeoa?iei ?
i?eai?/aiiy eaeeioeeoa?ii? eaiee aaiiiiaco, ui i?iyaey?oueny cieaeaiiyi
e?eueeino? eaeeioeeo?a o IE, iaeo?iiai??th, a?iiee?oeii?noth EI; o in?a,
ye? o?eaaeee /an i?aoethaaee a o?eaeoeyoee?eiiao?ia?e cii? *AAN c
19861987 ??., ia?aaaaeathoue aaiaoieia?/i? a?aeoeeaiiy, iia’ycai? c?
noeioeyoe??th eaeeiiiaco: eaeeioeeoic, iaeo?io?eueic, iiiioeeoic o IE,
a?ia?ieac?y eaeeioeeoa?ii? eaiee aaiiiiaco ?c cao?eieith aeic??aaiiy
a?aioeioeeo?a o EI. Aeey iaoe??io?a iaio a?oi oa?aeoa?iei ? ii?ooaiiy
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy no?iiaeueieo oa e?iaioai?ieo aeaiaio?a, ui i?iyaey?oueny
ca?eueoaiiyi e?eueeino? o?a?iaeano?a ? ?aoeeoey?ieo ee?oei iacaeaaeii
a?ae io?eiaii? aeice ii?ii?iaiiy.

O in?a, ye? iathoue noaa?euei? a?aeoeeaiiy a aaiia?ai?, aeyaeai? ye?ni?
oa ooieoe?iiaeuei? ii?ooaiiy a a?aioeioeeoao oa e?ioioeeoao IE ? EI
(o?aaiaioaoe?y oa a?ia?naaiaioaoe?y yaea? iaeo?io?eueieo a?aioeioeeo?a,
/anoeiaa aai iiaia inaaaeiiaeueaa?iaa aiiiae?y, a?iia?aioeyoe?y
iaeo?io?eueieo oa aiceiio?eueieo a?aioeioeeo?a, aaeoie?caoe?y yae?a oa
oeeoiieacie a?aioeioeeo?a ? e?ioioeeo?a, aacio?e?y e aao?ii/ano?noue
oeeoiieacie e?ioioeeo?a, ?eaea?ia? oi?ie e?ioioeeo?a), ui ? iaei??th c
iciae ?icaeoeo IAeN. Ia?aaaaeath/eie oeueo?ano?oeoo?ieie iioeiaeaeaiiyie
eaeeioeeo?a EI oa aeaiaio?a aaiiiiaoe/iiai i?e?iioi/aiiy ? aeeno?io?/i?
oa iae?ia?ioe/i? ci?ie aeaiaio?a oeeoiieacie (iaia?ai ? i?aaii?ae?a), a
oaeiae iaiiaia oa aneio?iiia aeic??aaiiy niaoeeo?/iiai a?aioey?iiai
aia?aoo a?aioeioeeo?a ia ??cieo noaae?yo ee?oeiiiai ?icaeoeo. Oe? ci?ie
aeyaeythoue a on?o ianoaaeaieo o/aniee?a EIA ia *AAN 1986 ?., c aeicith
ii?ii?iaiiy iiiaae 0,5 A?, a oaeiae o iaoe??io?a c ?ao?aeoa?iith
eaeeiiai??th. Ii?yae ?c oeei niinoa??aa?oueny cieaeaiiy aeoeaiino?
eenei? oinoaoace (EO) o iaeo?io?eueieo a?aioeioeeoao, e?ioioeeoao IE ?
i??eioeeoao EI a o/aniee?a EIA ia *AAN 1986 ?., a oaeiae i?aeaeuaiiy
aeoeaiino? aeaiiai oa?iaioo a e?ioioeeoao IE ? EI o in?a, ye? o?eaaeee
/an i?aoethaaee a cii? *AAN. O iaoe??io?a iaio a?oi i?aeaeuaiee ai?no
PAS-iiceoeaiiai iaoa??aeo a e?ioioeeoao IE ? EI c ?iciiae?eii i?iaeoeoo
o aeaeyae? aaeeeeo a?aioe oa aeiaoe, ui na?ae/eoue i?i iayai?noue
ooieoe?iiaeueieo a?aeoeeaiue a aeaiaioao eaeeiiiaco. Oe? aeai? iiaeooue
aooe aeei?enoai? aeey oi?ioaaiiy a?oi ?eceeo c iieiaaiaoieia?/ieo
caoai?thaaiue.

I?AEOE*IA CIA*OU?NOUe ? AI?IAAAeAEAIIss IAeA?AEAIEO ?ACOEUeOAO?A

?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue o a?oi? o/aniee?a EIA ia *AAN,
iaoeaioe?a Oe?a?ie, ui caciaee aieeao ?A (ae?aiacii aeic a?ae 0,05 aei 1
A?) ? iathoue noaa?euei? a?aeoeeaiiy a aaiia?ai?, aeicaieythoue
aecia/eoe o ieo ee?i?ei-aaiaoieia?/i? e?eoa??? ?eceeo ?icaeoeo
iieiaaiaoieia?/ii? iaoieia?? /a?ac 10 ?ie?a i?ney aaa???. Aei ieo
iaeaaeaoue e?euee?ni?, ye?ni? oa ooieoe?iiaeuei? ci?ie eaeeioeeo?a IE ?
EI o ii?aeiaii? c ee?i?/ieie i?iyaaie (e?ioaaeaiiiao?y, nieaiiiaaae?y,
aaii?aa?/iee neiae?ii, inaea??) aai aac ieo. A?oiith i??i?eoaoiiai
iaaeyaeo ? iniae, ye? iathoue aeai- aai o?e?inoeiao oeeoiiai?th, eiee
ii?yae ?c ciaioaiiyi e?eueeino? eaeeioeeo?a iayaia ua e o?iiaioeeoiiai?y
?/aai aiai?y. An? iaoe??ioe, ye? iathoue noaa?euei? a?aeoeeaiiy a
aiae?cao IE, a?aeianai? aei a?oie aenieiai ?eceeo c ?icaeoeo
aaiiaeanoic?a oa IAeN ? iio?aaothoue iino?eiiai aaiaoieia?/iiai
eiio?ieth ia ??aeoa i?ae 1 ?ac ia 3 i?n.

Io?eiai? aeai? aeicaieythoue cae?enithaaoe ae?aaiinoeeo caoai?thaaiue
e?iaioai?ii? nenoaie ia ?aii?o aoaiao oi?ioaaiiy iaoieia?/iiai i?ioeano
oa i?iaiaeeoe ?o aaeaeaaoio ei?aeoe?th c iaoith i?i?i?caoe?? iaaaoeaieo
aoaeo?a ae?? ?A ia nenoaio aaiiiiaco. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe
ai?iaaaeaeai? a i?aeoe/io ae?yeuei?noue aaiaoieia?/iiai a?aeae?eaiiy
?inoeoooo ee?i?/ii? ?aae?ieia?? Iaoeiaiai oeaio?o ?aae?aoe?eii?
iaaeeoeeie (IOe?I), aeei?enoiaothoueny a aeiiia?aeyo ia
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo ? nai?ia?ao.

AI?IAAOe?ss ?IAIOE

Aeena?oaoe?th ai?iaiaaii ia can?aeaii? a/aii? ?aaee ?inoeoooo ee?i?/ii?
?aae?ieia?? IOe?I o aeiaoi? 1997 ?. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue
aeiiia?aeaee oa iaaiai?thaaee ia ??? Oe?a?inueeiio c’?cae? aaiaoieia?a
oa o?ainooc?ieia?a (Noie, 1995), eiioa?aioe?? iieiaeeo o/aieo IOe?I
(1996), iioae?eiaai? a 9 iaoeiaeo i?aoeyo.

IANssA OA NO?OEOO?A ?IAIOE

Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia 135 noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo,
neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e, 6 aeaa ?acoeueoao?a aeanieo
aeine?aeaeaiue, aiae?co oa ocaaaeueiaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy,
aeniiae?a oa nieneo e?oa?aoo?e, ui aeeth/a? 217 i?aoeue a?o/eciyieo oa
ca?oa?aeieo aaoi??a, 1 aeiaeaoeo. ?iaioa ?ethno?iaaia 21 oaaeeoeath, 3
a?ao?eaie oa 10 aeaeo?iiiii?e?ioioia?aiaie.

AeAEEA?AOe?ss INIAENOIAI AIANEO A ?IC?IAEO IAOEIAEO ?ACOEUeOAO?A

On? iieiaeaiiy, ui aeianai? aei caoenoo, ?ic?iaeai? aaoi?ii iniaenoi.
Aeneiaeth?ii iiaeyeo i?ia?aeiiio iaoeiaiio ni?a?ia?oieeo EIAe?AIE eaiae.
iaae. iaoe A.?. Eiaaeue oa i?ia?aeiiio iaoeiaiio ni?a?ia?oieeo OIAe?I?
eaiae. iaae. iaoe E.I. Cioeeiao ca aeiiiiiao o aeeiiaii? ?iaioe.

CI?NO ?IAIOE

IAOA??AEE OA IAOIAeE AeINE?AeAEAIIss

Niinoa??aaee 259 o/aniee?a EIA ia *AAN a?eii a?ae 25 aei 62 ?ie?a
(na?aaei?e a?e 39 2,67), c ieo 235 /ieia?e?a oa 24 ae?iee.

On? ianoaaeai? iaee aeieoiaioaeueii ca?a?no?iaaio aeico ii?ii?iaiiy a?ae
0,05 aei 1 A?, yea a 60% aeiaaee?a aoea aa?eo?eiaaia o a?aeae?e?
aeiceiao??? IOe?I. Caeaaeii a?ae ia??iaeo o/ano? a
aaa??eii-a?aeiiaethaaeueieo ?iaioao ia *AAN iaoe??ioe aoee ?iciiae?eai?
ia aea? a?oie: 1-oa a?oia (A) — o/anieee EIA ia *AAN 1986 ?. (127 in?a);
2-aa a?oia (A) — iniae, ye? i?aoethaaee aaooiaei iaoiaeii ia *AAN c
19861987 aei 19931994 ??. aeeth/ii (132). A?aeiia?aeii aei io?eiaii?
aeice ii?ii?iaiiy iaoe??ioe eiaeii? a?oie aoee ?iciiae?eai? ia o?e
i?aea?oie: ? — aeica ii?ii?iaiiy neeaaeaea iaioa 0,25 A?; ?? — aeica
ii?ii?iaiiy a?ae 0,26 aei 0,5 A?; ??? — aeica ii?ii?iaiiy a?ae 0,51 aei
1 A?.

A?oio niinoa?aaeaiiy aoei noi?iiaaii ca ?acoeueoaoaie ne?ei?iaiaiai
ianoaaeaiiy 6145 in?a, ui iino?aaeaeaee aiane?aeie *i?iiaeeuenueei?
eaoano?ioe. Na?aae ieo aeyaeaii 684 iaoe??ioe c? ci?iaie a aiae?cao IE,
ye? a 64% aeiaaee?a aoee coiiaeai? iayai?noth noiooiuei? iaoieia??. Oe?
oai?? aoee aeeo/ai? c iiaeaeueoiai iaaeyaeo. Aaiaoieia?/iei e?eoa???i
a?aeai?o iaoe??io?a aei a?oie niinoa?aaeaiiy aoee o?eaae? (ia iaioa
?ieo) oa no?ee? a?aeoeeaiiy e?eueeino? eaeeioeeo?a IE: eaeeioeeoice,
eaeeiiai??, e?ioioeeoice, iiiioeeoice, aiceiio?e??, iaeo?iiai??
iac’yniaaii? ao?ieia??.

A?oio eiio?ieth neeaee 46 i?aeoe/ii caei?iaeo in?a (42 /ieia?ee ? 4
ae?iee) o a?oe? a?ae 22 aei 52 ?ie?a (na?aaei?e a?e 35 2,34), ye? ia
iaee a?aeoeeaiue a aiae?cao e?ia? e ia a?aee o/ano? a EIA ia *AAN.

I?ae /an aeeiiaiiy ?iaioe canoiniaoaaee oae? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy:

1. Ee?i?/ia ianoaaeaiiy i?aai?a oa nenoai.

2. ?icai?iooee aiae?c e?ia? c aea/aiiyi ye?nieo ii?oieia?/ieo
oa?aeoa?enoee eaeeioeeo?a o iaceao IE ? EI.

3. Ioe?iea e?noeiaiiiceiaiai e?iaioai?aiiy a ioieoaoao c a?oaeieie ?/aai
caeooaeiii? e?noee. I?ae?aooiie i??eia?ai ?iaeee ia 500 yae?iai?nieo
ee?oeiao EI.

4. A?noieia?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy a?iioao?a EI, io?eiaieo iaoiaeii
iicaeiaaeiuei? o?aiaiia?iin?? c e?eea caeooaeiii? e?noee.

A?iioaoe o?enoaaee a ??aeei? Ea?ioa, aeaeaeueoeeioaaee a ??aeei? aea
Eano?i. Iiaeaeueoo ia?iaeo iaoa??aeo i?iaiaeeee ca caaaeueiii?eeiyoeie a
a?noieia?/i?e i?aeoeoe? iaoiaeaie (A.A. Ia?eoeia, 1969). Aeine?aeaeaiiy
aeeiiai? i?ae ea??aieoeoaii eaiae. iaae. iaoe A.?. Eiaaeue ia aac?
Ee?anueeiai IAe? aaiaoieia?? oa ia?aeeaaiiy e?ia?.

5. Oeeoio?i?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy eaeeioeeo?a IE ? EI ?c aecia/aiiyi:
aeoeaiino? EO o e?ioioeeoao ? iaeo?io?eueieo a?aioeioeeoao (iaoiaeii
iaeii/aniiai aciniieo/aiiy ca Aieueaeaa?aii ? Aa?eii, 1962); aeoeaiino?
ia?ieneaeace iaeo?io?eueieo a?aioeioeeo?a (III) (Eaea, 1927); ai?noo
ioeiiie?naoa?eae?a ? ae?eiaaio a e?ioioeeoao ? iaeo?io?eueieo
a?aioeioeeoao ca aeiiiiiaith PAS-?aaeoe?? (Iae-Iaion ? Oi/e?n, 1948).
?acoeueoaoe ae?aaeaee o aeaeyae? na?aaeiueiai oeeoio?i?/iiai
eiao?oe??ioa.

6. Aea/aiiy oeueo?ano?oeoo?ieo iniaeeainoae aeaiaio?a eaeeiiiaco a EI
iaoiaeii aeaeo?iiii? i?e?ineii??. E?noeiaiiiceia? aaeee c ani??ao?a
o?enoaaee a 2% ?ic/ei? aethoa?iaiai aeueaeaa?aeo, 2% ?ic/ei? /ioe?eieeno
ini?th ? a 0,1–iiey?iiio oinoaoiiio aooa?? i?e ?I 7,3. Iio?i oeaieie
ciaaiaeithaaee o nie?oao aeno?aeii? eiioeaio?aoe?? oa ieeno i?ii?eaio
aai aaniethoiiio aoeaoii?, i?ney /iai ai?uoaaee a Aiii ca iaoiaeeeith
Eaooa (1961). Aiooaaee oeueo?aoiie? c??ce ia oeueo?ai?e?ioii? EEA 8800
??? (Oaaoe?y). Aeey ia?aaeyaeo i?aia?ao?a canoiniaoaaee aeaeo?iiiee
i?e?ineii AI-?00A (ssiii?y) c i?enei?thaaeueiith iai?oaith 60–80 eA.
Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeee ia aac? eaai?aoi??? iaoieiaiaiaoii?/iiai
a?aeae?eo OIAe?I? ni?eueii c eaiae. iaae. iaoe E.I. Cioeeiaei.

7. Noaoenoe/io ia?iaeo io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a ca iaoiaeii aa??aoe?eii?
noaoenoeee i?iaiaeeee ia eiii’thoa?? ?AI/?N ca aeiiiiiaith i?ia?aiiiai
caaacia/aiiy Microsoft Exel 5.0. I?iaiaeeee ei?aeyoe?eiee aiae?c c
ae?aoiaoaaiiyi eiao?oe??ioa ei?aeyoe??, noaiaea?oii? iioeaee
eiao?oe??ioa ei?aeyoe?? oa e?eoa???a eiai a??ia?aeiino?.

?ACOEUeOAOE AeINE?AeAEAIUe

O ee?i?/i?e ea?oei? a?eueoino? iaoe??io?a ia?aaaaeaee neiioiie
caaaeueiiai oa?aeoa?o (i?aeaeuaia aoiia, neaae?noue, i?oeea?noue,
caiaii?i/aiiy, na?oeaaeooy). Aiai?? aeyaeyee o 18% aeiaaee?a na?aae in?a
1-? a?oie oa o 9% — 2-?; aaii?aa?/iee neiae?ii — o 12% aeiaaee?a o 1-e
a?oi? ? o 7% — a 2-e; e?ioaaeaiiiao?? — o 9% aeiaaee?a o 1-e oa o 13% —
a 2-e a?oi?; ca?eueoaiiy ?ici???a ia/?iee — o 7% a 1-e ? 8% — a 2-e,
naeac?iee — o 5% aeiaaee?a o 1-e a?oi? oa o 3% — a 2-e.

Na?aae aeyaeaieo aaiaoieia?/ieo neiae?ii?a a aiae?cao IE ia?aaaaeaee
no?ee? oeeoiiai?? (eaeei- ?/aai o?iiaioeeoiiai??) — 121 aeiaaeie (46%),
a oaeiae eaeeioeeoice i??eioeeoa?iiai oeio — 86 aeiaaee?a (33%). O 16%
ianoaaeaieo (42 aeiaaeee) ci?ie a eaeeioeeoa?i?e eaioe? ii?aeioaaeeny c
aiai??th oa/aai o?iiaioeeoiiai??th.

Na?aaei? cia/aiiy iieaciee?a IE a ianoaaeaieo a?oiao aoee o iaaeao
ii?iaoeaieo cia/aiue. Iaeiae ii??aiyii c iieacieeaie in?a eiio?ieueii?
a?oie a?aecia/aii a??ia?aeio ??cieoeth o aeayeeo ia?aiao?ao e?ia?. O
a?oi? A I aeyaeaii cieaeaiiy e?eueeino? o?iiaioeeo?a (197,32 13,28;
eiio?ieueia a?oia — 267 17; ? < 0,05), a oaeiae i?aeaeuaiiy i?ioeaioiiai ai?noo e?ioioeeo?a (36,84 1,24; eiio?ieueia a?oia — 30,6 1,2; ? < 0,05) oa iiiioeeo?a (8,74 0,24; eiio?ieueia a?oia — 6,5 0,14; ? < 0,05). Aeey iaoe??io?a a?oi A IIIII oa?aeoa?iei aoei i?aeaeuaiiy caaaeueii? e?eueeino? eaeeioeeo?a (II — 7,68 0,73; ??? — 8,69 0,77; eiio?ieueia a?oia — 5,8 0,23; ? ?? < 0,05, ? ??? < 0,01); a?aeiiniiai (?? — 38,88 1,67; ??? — 43,58 1,37; eiio?ieueia a?oia — 30,6 1,2; ? < 0,01) ? aaniethoiiai (?? — 2,8 0,36; ??? — 3,2 0,36; eiio?ieueia a?oia — 1,65 0,31; ? < 0,05) ai?noo e?ioioeeo?a; aaniethoii? e?eueeino? iiiioeeo?a (?? — 0,61 0,1; ??? — 0,64 0,11; eiio?ieueia a?oia — 0,32 0,09; ? < 0,05). O a?oi? A III aeyaeaii i?aeaeuaiiy aaniethoii? e?eueeino? iaeo?io?eueieo a?aioeioeeo?a (4,79 0,52; eiio?ieueia a?oia — 3,75 0,21; ? < 0,05). O iaoe??io?a a?oie A iacaeaaeii a?ae aeice ii?ii?iaiiy aoea i?aeaeuaiith caaaeueia e?euee?noue eaeeioeeo?a (? — 7,91 0,24; ?? — 8,83 0,65; ??? — 7,48 0,55; eiio?ieueia a?oia — 5,8 0,23; ? ?, ??? < 0,05, p II < 0,01), a oaeiae aaniethoiee ai?no iaeo?io?eueieo a?aioeioeeo?a (? — 4,46 0,34; ?? — 4,7 0,28; ??? — 4,45 0,41; eiio?ieueia a?oia — 3,75 0,21; ? < 0,05) ? iiiioeeo?a (? — 0,61 0,09; ?? — 0,64 0,07; ??? — 0,55 0,06; eiio?ieueia a?oia — 0,32 0,09; ? < 0,05). E??i oeueiai, a a?oi? A IIIII aeyaeaii i?aeaeuaiiy aaniethoii? e?eueeino? aiceiio?eueieo a?aioeioeeo?a (?? — 0,26 0,02; ??? — 0,24 0,01; eiio?ieueia a?oia — 0,17 0,02; ? < 0,05), a a a?oi? A ? — e?eueeino? e?ioioeeo?a (2,59 0,2; eiio?ieueia a?oia — 1,65 0,31; ? < 0,05). Acaaae?, aeey iaoe??io?a 1-? a?oie oa?aeoa?ieie ci?iaie eaeeioeeoa?ii? eaiee aaiiiiaco aoee eaeeiiai?y, iaeo?iiai?y a ii?aeiaii? c o?iiaioeeoiiai??th ? aiai??th. Na?aae iaoe??io?a 2-? a?oie ia?aaaaeaee eaeeioeeoic, iaeo?io?eueic, iiiioeeoic, aiceiio?e?y, cnoa eaeeioeeoa?ii? oi?ioee ae?ai aei i??eioeeo?a. Aiae?c ii?oieia?/iiai neeaaeo aeaiaio?a i??ei- ? e?ioiiiaco a ianoaaeaieo a?oiao ii?yae c e?euee?nieie aeyaea ieceo ye?nieo ci?i: o?aaiaioaoe?y oa a?iinaaiaioaoe?y yaea? iaeo?io?eueieo a?aioeioeeo?a, ?o a?iia?aioeyoe?y oa oieniaaiia ca?ieno?noue, ai?cioeeoic; aaeoie?caoe?y yae?a oa oeeoiieacie e?ioioeeo?a, aacio?e?y oa aao?ii/ano?noue ?o oeeoiieacie, iayai?noue ?eaea?iaeo oi?i e?ioioeeo?a. Iaaaaeai? iciaee a ianoaaeaieo a?oiao a??ia?aeii a?ae??ciyeeny a?ae oaeeo o a?oi? eiio?ieth e ia?aaaaeaee na?aae iaoe??io?a a?oie A. Iae/ano?oa aeyaeyeany oieniaaiia ca?ieno?noue iaeo?io?eueieo a?aioeioeeo?a oa aao?ii/ano?noue oeeoiieacie e?ioioeeo?a — iiiaae 50% aeiaaee?a. Ii??aithth/e io?eiai? aeai? ?c ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiue iiia?aaei?o ?ie?a, iaiao?aeii cacia/eoe, ui ia iiiaio ianoaaeaiiy a o/aniee?a EIA 1986 ?. cia/ii cieceany a?aenioie ye?nieo ii?ooaiue o eaeeioeeoao. Iaeiae na?aae in?a, ye? o?eaaeee /an i?aoeththoue o o?eaeoeyoee?eiiao?ia?e cii?, a?i caeeoa?oueny i?aeoe/ii ia iiia?aaeiueiio ??ai?, ui, ia iaoo aeoieo, iia’ycaii c iino?eiei aieeaii ii?ii?iaiiy ia e?iaioai?io nenoaio. Iayai?noue aaa?aioieo oi?i e?ioioeeo?a ? iaeo?io?eueieo a?aioeioeeo?a o oeeo in?a aeicaiey? aeneiaeoe i?eiouaiiy i?i aieea ?A ia aaiaoe/iee aia?ao e?iaioai?ieo iiia?aaeiee?a (C.I. Cae, C.A. Aooaiei, 1995). Ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c /anoioe aeiaaee?a aaiaoieia?/ieo a?aeoeeaiue a IE a?aeiia?aeii aei aeice ii?ii?iaiiy na?ae/eoue, ui iacaeaaeii a?ae onoaiiaeaii? aeice ?A aeey o/aniee?a EIA ia *AAN oa?aeoa?iei ? ciaioaiiy e?eueeino? eaeeioeeo?a oa iaeo?io?eueieo a?aioeioeeo?a, oiae? ye na?aae in?a, ye? o?eaaeee /an i?aoeththoue o cii? *AAN, niinoa??aa?oueny eaeeioeeoic, iiiioeeoic oa iaeo?io?eueic (aeea. a?ao?ee 1 ? 2). Aiae?coth/e 53 i??eia?aie in?a, ianoaaeaieo a 19931995 ??., aeyaeaii oae? iniaeeaino?: aeey iaoe??io?a a?oie A a?eueo oa?aeoa?iei ? cieaeaiiy caaaeueii? ee?oeiiino? EI (46% aeiaaee?a) ? i?aeaeuaiiy e?eueeino? aeanoieo ee?oei (15% aeiaaee?a). O i??eia?aiao in?a a?oie A ia?aaaaeaei c?inoaiiy caaaeueii? e?eueeino? aeaiaio?a a?eiai ?inoea (37%), e?ioioeeo?a (64%), iiiioeeo?a (29%). Cao?eieo aeic??aaiiy iaeo?io?eueieo a?aioeioeeo?a ? ??ci? ye?ni? ii?oieia?/i? ci?ie a i??ei?aeieo aeaiaioao niinoa??aaee c iaeiaeiaith /anoioith a iaio a?oiao. Caeaa?eueoiai aeyaeyee oe?eeiaeoo aai /anoeiao aeaa?aioeyoe?th oeeoiieacie iaeo?io?eueieo i??eioeeo?a ? iaoai??eioeeo?a, o?aaiaoaoe?th oa a?iinaaiaioaoe?th yaea? iaeo?io?eueieo a?aioeioeeo?a, aao?ii/ano?noue oeeoiieacie e?ioioeeo?a, iayai?noue e?ioi?aoeeoey?ieo ee?oei, i?aeaeuaiee ee?oeiiee e?cen. picscalex100010009000003fc1600000b00050200000000050000000902000000000500 00000102ffffff000400000004010d000400000002010200050000000c02e50158020300 00001e0005020000f7000003000100000000800000000080000080800000000080008000 800000808000c0c0c000c0dcc000a6caf00004040400080808000c0c0c00111111001616 16001c1c1c002222220029292900555555004d4d4d004242420039393900ff7c8000ff50 5000d6009300ccecff00efd6c600e7e7d600ada99000330000006600000099000000cc00 000000330000333300006633000099330000cc330000ff33000000660000336600006666 000099660000cc660000ff66000000990000339900006699000099990000cc990000ff99 000000cc000033cc000066cc000099cc0000cccc0000ffcc000066ff000099ff0000ccff 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00002d010600040000002d010700040000002d010400040000002701ffff030000001e00 040000002d010100040000002d010500040000002d010a00050000000102ffffff000500 0000090200000000070000001604c7014802b001050007000000fc020000e3e3e302ffff 040000002d010900050000000902ffffff00050000000102e3e3e3020400000004010d00 0400000002010200070000001b04c1010c01b70102010500000009020000000005000000 0102ffffff000400000002010100040000002e0118004b000000320ac10110012d000000 cef1eee1e82c20ffeab320f2f0e8e2e0ebe8e920f7e0f120eff0e0f6fee2e0ebe820f320 e7eeedb320d7c0c5d1000b00070007000800070003000400070007000300040007000700 0700070007000700070007000400080007000700040007000700070007000b0007000700 07000700040007000400060007000700030004000a000b0009000a00040000002e010000 040000002d010600040000002d010700040000002d010400040000002701ffff03000000 1e00040000002d010100040000002d010900040000002d010a00050000000102ffffff00 05000000090200000000070000001604c7014802b0010500040000002d01060004000000 2d010700040000002d010400040000002701ffff030000001e00040000002d0101000400 00002d010900040000002d010a00050000000102ffffff00050000000902000000000700 00001604cd01490200000000040000002d01080004000000f0010900040000002d010600 04000000f0010a00040000002701ffff050000000c02cd014902030000001e0005000000 0102ffffff0005000000090200000000040000002701ffff050000000b02000000000300 00001e00050000000102ffffff0005000000090200000000040000002701ffff03000000 0000000000000000 Oa?aeoa?ieie a?noieia?/ieie iniaeeainoyie EI o ianoaaeaieo o/aniee?a EIA aoee: iciaee aeenieac?? a?aioeioeeoa?ieo aeaiaio?a, ia?aaaaeaiiy a?iiee?oeiiiai e?noeiaiai iiceo, ii?ooaiiy e?iaiia?ao ? iioeiaeaeaiiy no?iie noaeei, iaa?ye aeaiaio?a no?iie, cai?uaiiy aaiiiiaoe/ii? oeaieie ia o?a?i?aoeeoey?i? aieieia (iciaee ?aoeeoe?iiaiai o?a?ico), a oaeiae ?aci?aoe?y e?noeiai? oeaieie c aeaiaioaie aeaci?aai?caoe?? inoaioeeo?a (aeea. oaaeeoeth). Oaaeeoey. Ii??aiyeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea a?noieia?/ieo iniaeeainoae EI o ianoaaeaieo iaoe??io?a, % A?noieia?/i? e?eoa??? A?oia A (17 in?a) A?oia A (8 in?a)Ee?oeii?noue EI ii?iaeueia cieaeaia i?aeaeuaia 29,6 62,3 8 30,1 52 17,5ssaeua o?a?ico2629,7Aoeiiaa eieae?caoe?y i??ei?aeieo iiia?aaeiee?a (ALIP) 11,1 12,5Iciaee aeenieac?? a?aioeioeeo?a88,987,5Iaa?ye aeaiaio?a no?iie100100?aci?aoe?y e?noeiai? oeaieie4651,4 O 3 iaoe??io?a aeyaeaii oaiiiai aoeiiai? eieae?caoe?? a?aioeioeeoa?ieo iiia?aaeiee?a ona?aaeei? e?noeiaiiiceiaeo ii?iaeiei (ALIP — abnormal localization of immature precursors). Ii?ooaiiy oiiia?ao?/iiai ni?aa?aeiioaiiy no?iiaeueieo ? e?iaioai?ieo aeaiaio?a, a oaeiae ci?ia i?aeee?oeiieo aca?iiae?e aeaiaio?a no?iie, ui i?iyaey?oueny ca?eueoaiiyi /enea o?a?iaeano?a oa ?aoeeoey?ieo ee?oei ? ?icaeoeii eieaeueiiai oa aeeoociiai o?a?ico ?, ca aeaieie e?oa?aoo?e, iani?eyoeeaei i?iaiinoe/iei /eiieeii ?icaeoeo caoai?thaaiue nenoaie e?ia? (E.I. Aaaeoeeaaeu?ia, 1991; J. Hirata et al., 1989). Oa?iaioaoeaio aeoeai?noue iaeo?io?eueieo a?aioeioeeo?a oa e?ioioeeo?a IE ? EI aea/aee o 55 iaoe??io?a ca aeiiiiiaith ?aaeoe?e ia III (oa?iaio aioeaaeoa??aeueiiai caoenoo ee?oeie), EO (a?ae?ie?oe/iee oa?iaio), aecia/aee ai?no PAS-iiceoeaiiai iaoa??aeo. Aeey iaoe??io?a a?oie A oa?aeoa?iei aoei cieaeaiiy aeoeaiino? EO iaeo?io?eueieo a?aioeioeeo?a oa e?ioioeeo?a o ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieai, a aeey iaoe??io?a a?oie A — oaiaeaioe?y aei ?? ca?eueoaiiy. A iaio a?oiao iaoe??io?a a??ia?aeii i?aeaeuaiee ai?no PAS-iiceoeaiiai iaoa??aeo a e?ioioeeoao IE oa EI c ia?aaaaeaiiyi ?iciiae?eo iaoa??aeo o aeaeyae? e?oiieo a?aioe, ui, ia aeoieo aeayeeo aeine?aeiee?a (A.A. ss?eeei, 1988; A.A. Oaeueei, 1993; G. Sieberg et al., 1985), na?ae/eoue i?i ianiaoeeo?/ia iineeaiiy iaoaaie?/ii? oa i?ie?oa?aoeaii? aeoeaiino? e?ioi?aeii? oeaieie o a?aeiia?aeue ia ae?th eiiieaeno iani?eyoeeaeo /eiiee?a (aeeth/ath/e i?iiaiaaee) i?ioyaii o?eaaeiai /ano. Iiaiaeaeoth/enue c oaeei iiaeyaeii, ne?ae cacia/eoe, ui io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeiaaathoue iiaeaeueoiai aea/aiiy aca?iica’yceo c ?ioeie ii?ooaiiyie a nenoai? aaiiiiaco. Iiaeeeai, i?aeaeuaiiy aeoeaiino? EO o oeeo iaoe??io?a ? eiiiainaoi?iith a?aeiia?aeaeth ia ii?oieia?/io iac??e?noue ee?oeiieo no?oeoo?, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny aeyaeaieie ye?nieie ci?iaie a?aioeioeeo?a oa e?ioioeeo?a IE ? EI. Oeueo?ano?oeoo?o aeaiaio?a EI aea/aee o 22 o/aniee?a EIA ia *AAN. Onoaiiaeaii, ui a aeaiaioao aaiiiiaco oa e?iaioai?iiai i?e?iioi/aiiy ia?aaaaeaee aeeno?io?/i? oa iae?ia?ioe/i? ii?ooaiiy oeeoiieacie (iaia?ai oa i?aaii?ae?a), a oaeiae iaiiaia oa aneio?iiia aeic??aaiiy niaoeeo?/iiai a?aioey?iiai aia?aoo a?aioeioeeo?a, iiiioeeo?a ? ??aeoa — iaaaea??ioeeo?a ia ??cieo noaae?yo ?icaeoeo ee?oei. Ii?ooaiiy ?icaeoeo oa aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? niaoeeo?/ieo a?aioe iiaea na?ae/eoe i?i ooieoe?iiaeueio iac??e?noue ee?oei i?ae aieeaii ae?? ?A (E.I. Cae e niaao., 1991; N.I. ss?iiiaiei, 1992, 1997). ssaeua aeeno?io?? a?aioey?iiai aia?aoo eaeeioeeo?a EI ca nai?th ?ioaineai?noth oa ??ciiiai?oi?noth i?iya?a ia caeaaeaee a?ae aeice ii?ii?iaiiy oa ia??iaeo o/ano? a aaa??eii-a?aeiiaethaaeueieo ?iaioao ia *AAN. Iaeiae o 100% aeiaaee?a ?o aeyaeyee a o/aniee?a EIA 1986 ?., ui iaee aeico ii?ii?iaiiy iiiaae 0,5 A?, a oaeiae na?aae in?a c ?ao?aeoa?iith eaeeiiai??th. O 35% aeiaaee?a aeyaeaii oaiiiai eiioai?iaoe?? i?ae- ? aioo??oiueiee?oeiieo no?oeoo? EI ??cieie oeiaie aaeoa??e, a ?iiae? e a?eaaie, ia?aaaaeii na?aae in?a, ye? a?aee o/anoue a EIA ia *AAN o o?aai?/a?ai? 1986 ?. ? iaee aeico ii?ii?iaiiy iiiaae 0,5 A?. O aeinooii?e iai e?oa?aoo?? ia cono??einy aeaieo, ye? a iiynithaaee iaoiaaiac oeueiai yaeua, oi/a a ie?aieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo (E.A. Aaeaoei, E.A. Cioeeia, 1991) iia?aeiiey?oueny i?i eiai iayai?noue o in?a, ye? ia?aianee aino?o i?iiaiaao oai?iao a 1986 ?. Eia?/ii i?eionoeoe, ui aeaiee oaiiiai na?ae/eoue i?i iayai?noue i?eoiaaiiai o?ii?/iiai naioe/iiai noaio ia oii? iecueei? ii??iino? i?aai?cio, oi/a ee?i?/i? e?eoa??? aaeoa???i?? o oeeo iaoe??io?a aoee a?aenooi?. Ei?aeyoe?eiee aiae?c aea/aiiy ia?aiao??a eaeeioeeo?a IE ? EI ? aeice ii?ii?iaiiy na?ae/eoue, ui ?nio? anioe?aoeaiee ca’ycie i?ae e?euee?noth eaeeioeeo?a, e?ioioeeo?a oa iaeo?io?eueieo a?aioeioeeo?a IE ? aeicith ii?ii?iaiiy a in?a a?oie A. Aeyaeaii a?ae’?iiee ei?aeyoe?eiee ca’ycie i?ae e?euee?noth eaeeioeeo?a, iaeo?io?eueieo a?aioeioeeo?a ? aeicith ii?ii?iaiiy a a?oi? A ??? (r = 0,75 oa r = 0,81 a?aeiia?aeii), a oaeiae iiceoeaiee ei?aeyoe?eiee ca’ycie i?ae e?euee?noth eaeeioeeo?a ? aeicith ii?ii?iaiiy a a?oi? A ? (r = 0,73). Onoaiiaeaii i?yio ei?aeyoe?eio caeaaei?noue i?ae aeoeai?noth EO e?ioioeeo?a oa iaeo?io?eueieo a?aioeioeeo?a IE ? aeicith ii?ii?iaiiy (r = 0,71 oa r = 0,52 a?aeiia?aeii) aeey iaoe??io?a a?oie A. A?aenooi?noue ?iia??ii? ei?aeyoe?? i?ae ?ioeie aeine?aeaeoaaieie ia?aiao?aie (iniaeeai a a?oi? A) oa aeicith ii?ii?iaiiy, iiaeeeai, iia’ycaia c iioeaeaie i?ae /an aecia/aiiy aeice ii?ii?iaiiy a o/aniee?a EIA a 1986 ?. E??i oiai, ie ia a?aoiaoaaee aieeao ?ioeo /eiiee?a: oa?/oaaiiy, no?ano, oe?aeeeaeo cae/ie, ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? /ooeeaino? i?aai?cio oiui. I?ioyaii ia??iaeo niinoa?aaeaiiy c 1993 aei 1996 ?. aeyaeaii 17 aeiaaee?a aaiiaeanoic?a, ui neeaei 6,5% a?ae caaaeueii? e?eueeino? ianoaaeaieo iaoe??io?a (259). O 10 aeiaaeeao oea aoee iaoe??ioe a?oie A. Na?aaeiy o?eaae?noue iaaeyaeo a?ae iiiaioo aeyaeaiiy ci?i o IE aei aecia/aiiy ae?aaiico noaiiaeea 25,3 6,5 i?n. Aeice ii?ii?iaiiy aa??thaaee a?ae 0,09 aei 0,89 A? (o na?aaeiueiio 0,29 0,07 A?), o 7 iaoe??io?a aeica ii?ii?iaiiy neeaaeaea iaioa 0,25 A?. Na?aae onoaiiaeaieo ae?aaiic?a ia?aaaaeaee i??eii?ie?oa?aoeai? caoai?thaaiiy (inoaii??eio?a?ic — 6 aeiaaee?a, o?ii?/iee i??eieaeeic (OIE) — 2 aeiaaeee) oa IAeN (3 — ?ao?aeoa?ia aiai?y, 2 — ?ao?aeoa?ia aiai?y c iaaeeeoeii aeano?a, 1 — iaeeaneo?eiaaiee aa??aio). On?i iaoe??ioai i?ney anoaiiaeaiiy ae?aaiico i?ecia/aee iaoiaaiaoe/io oa?ai?th c iiceoeaiei ee?i?ei-aaiaoieia?/iei aoaeoii o a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a. O ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue c aea/aiiy noaio eaeeioeeoa?ii? eaiee aaiiiiaco a in?a, ye? caciaee aieeao ?A oiane?aeie aaa??? ia *AAN, iaie aoee aeae?eai? a?oie iaoe??io?a c ??cieie ii?oieia?/ieie oa ooieoe?iiaeueieie ci?iaie aeaiaio?a e?iaioai?ii? nenoaie, ye? iiaeia eaae?o?eoaaoe ye aenieee ?ecee ?icaeoeo ??cieo aaiaoieia?/ieo caoai?thaaiue, o oiio /ene? e eaeeic?a. A?aea?? aei a?oie ?eceeo i?iaiaeeee ca oaeeie e?eoa??yie: noaa?euei? ci?ie iieaciee?a IE, iayai?noue ee?i?/ieo iciae oeo /e ?ioeo a?aeoeeaiue a?ae ii?ie. Iaaeae? oe?e eaoaai??? iaoe??io?a i?iaiaeeee ?aoaeueia aaiaoieia?/ia ianoaaeaiiy a oiiaao noaoe?iia?o. C o?aooaaiiyi /anoioe aeiaaee?a aeayeeo aaiaoieia?/ieo a?aeoeeaiue aoee aecia/ai? e?eoa??? a?aeai?o aei a?oi ?eceeo: · ee?i?/i? neiioiie — iayai?noue e?ioaaeaiiiao??, ca?eueoaiiy naeac?iee, ca?eueoaiiy ia/?iee, iayai?noue aaii?aa?/iiai neiae?iio, inaea??, iciaee aiai??; · e?euee?ni? ii?ooaiiy iieaciee?a IE — eaeeioeeoic, eaeeiiai?y, o?iiaioeeoiiai?y, o?iiaioeeoic, cieaeaiiy e?eueeino? a?eo?ioeeo?a ? ??aiy aaiiaeia?io, a?eo?ioeeoic, a?aeoeeaiiy a eaeeia?ai? (e?ioioeeoic, iaeo?iiai?y, iaeo?io?eueic, iiiioeeoic, aiceiio?e?y); · ye?ni? ci?ie eaeeioeeo?a IE — o?aaiaioaoe?y oa a?ia?naaiaioaoe?y yaea? iaeo?io?eueieo a?aioeioeeo?a, /anoeiaa aai oe?eeiaeoa inaaaeiiaeueaa?iaa aiiiae?y, a?iia?aioeyoe?y iaeo?io?eueieo ? aiceiio?eueieo a?aioeioeeo?a, aaeoie?caoe?y yae?a e oeeoiieacie a?aioeioeeo?a ? e?ioioeeo?a, aacio?e?y oa aao?ii/ano?noue oeeoiieacie e?ioioeeo?a, ?eaea?ia? oi?ie e?ioioeeo?a. O ?ac? aeyaeaiiy e?ioioeeoico a IE iaia’yceiaa iinoaiiaea PAS-?aaeoe?? oa ?aaeoe?? ia EO. Ne?ae caa?oaoe iniaeeao oaaao ia ?iciiae?e PAS-i?iaeoeoo a e?ioioeeoao, oiio ui eiiaeainaoe?y iaoa??aeo o aeaeyae? aaeeeeo a?aioe, ?icoaoiaaieo aeeoocii aai iiae?aii aei a?i/eea, ? e?eoa???i aenieiai ?eceeo ?icaeoeo e?ioii?ie?oa?aoeaieo caoai?thaaiue. O ?ac? aeyaeaiiy oeeo iciae (?cieueiaaii aai o ii?aeiaii?) — iaiao?aeia aeine?aeaeaiiy ioieoaoo e a?iioaoo EI. Iniaeeao oaaao ne?ae i?eae?eyoe ni?aa?aeiioaiith ?inoe?a e?iaioai?aiiy, iayaiino? iciae aeena?aioeioeeoiiiaco, aeeca?eo?iiiaco, aeeniaaaea??ioeeoiiiaco, ui nooo?ai aeey ae?aaiinoeee IAeN. I?ae /an a?noieia?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iaiao?aeii a?aoiaoaaoe ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aaiiiiaoe/ii? oa o?a?icii? oeaieie, iayai?noue aeeoocii? aai oieaeueii? a?ii- e a?ia?ee?oeiiino? EI, ?icoaooaaiiy i??ei?aeieo ? a?eo?i?aeieo iiia?aaeiee?a ona?aaeei? e?noeiaiiiceiaeo neion?a. Ne?ae cacia/eoe, ui oi?ioaaiiy a?oi ?eceeo na?aae e?ea?aeaoi??a, o oiio /ene? c iieiaaiaoieia?/ii? iaoieia??, ? oiiaiei, ine?eueee an? iniae, ye? caciaee aieeao ?A, iio?aaothoue ?aoaeueiiai aeeniaina?iiai iaaeyaeo ? iaia’yceiaiai aecia/aiiy iieaciee?a e?ia? eiaei? 6 i?n c iaoith ?aiiuei? ae?aaiinoeee iaoieia?/ieo noai?a aaiiiiaco oa i?iaaaeaiiy aaeaeaaoieo e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/ieo caoiae?a. Iaiao?aei? iiaeaeueo? i?iniaeoeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeey aecia/aiiy cia/ouino? aieeao iaeeo aeic ?A ia ?icaeoie aaiiaeanoic?a oa IAeN, a oaeiae ?ioi? iaoieia?? e?iaioai?ii? nenoaie. AENIIAEE 1. Na?aae o/aniee?a EIA ia *AAN, aeica ii?ii?iaiiy yeeo noaiiaeoue a?ae 0,05 aei 1 A?, /a?ac 10 ?ie?a i?ney aaa??? aeyaeaii a?oio in?a, ye? iathoue noaa?euei? a?aeoeeaiiy iieaciee?a ia?eoa?e/ii? e?ia?. Aeey o/aniee?a EIA 1986 ?. oa?aeoa?iith iciaeith ? eaeeiiai?y a ii?aeiaii? c iaeo?iiai??th (27% aeiaaee?a), a aeey in?a, ye? o?eaaeee /an i?aoethaaee o o?eaeoeyoee?eiiao?ia?e cii?, — eaeeioeeoic c iaeo?io?eueicii oa iiiioeeoicii (35% aeiaaee?a). 2. O ianoaaeaieo iaoe??io?a o a?aeaeaeaiee ia??iae i?ney aaa??? ia *AAN ca?a?no?iaaii ye?ni? ii?oieia?/i? ci?ie a aeaiaioao eaeeiiiaco, ye? ia?aaaaeathoue o iaoe??io?a c aeicith ii?ii?iaiiy iiiaae 0,5 A?, a oaeiae o in?a, ye? o?eaaeee /an i?aoethaaee o o?eaeoeyoee?eiiao?ia?e cii?. Na?aae iaoe??io?a c ?ao?aeoa?iith eaeeiiai??th a 73% aeiaaee?a aeyaeaii iciaee i??eiaeenieanoe/iiai neiae?iio o aeaeyae? aeena?aioeioeeoiiiaco ? a 12% aeiaaee?a — iaaoaeoeaiiai aaiiiiaco. 3. O o/aniee?a EIA 1986 ?. /a?ac 10 ?ie?a i?ney aaa??? aeoeai?noue eenei? oinoaoace a e?ioioeeoao oa iaeo?io?eueieo a?aioeioeeoao ia?eoa?e/ii? e?ia? caeeoaeany cieaeaiith, a na?aae in?a, ye? o?eaaeee /an i?aoethaaee o o?eaeoeyoee?eiiao?ia?e cii?, — i?aeaeuaiith. O iaoe??io?a iaio a?oi a??ia?aeii i?aeaeuaiee ai?no PAS-iiceoeaiiai i?iaeoeoo a e?ioioeeoao e?ia? oa e?noeiaiai iiceo c ia?aaaaeaiiyi ?iciiae?eo iaoa??aeo o aeaeyae? aaeeeeo a?aioe, ui ? iaeiei c e?eoa???a ?eceeo ?icaeoeo e?ioii?ie?oa?aoeaieo caoai?thaaiue. 4. O iaoe??io?a c? noaa?eueieie a?aeoeeaiiyie iieaciee?a ia?eoa?e/ii? e?ia? a 41% aeiaaee?a aeyaeaii a?iiee?oeii?noue e?noeiaiai iiceo, a 32% — a?ia?ieac?th eaeeioeeoa?ii? eaiee ?c cao?eieith aeic??aaiiy iaeo?io?eueieo a?aioeioeeo?a; aeano?oeoe?th no?iiaeueieo aeaiaio?a, iciaee aeenieac?? a?aioeioeeo?a, aeeno?io?/i? oa iae?ia?ioe/i? ci?ie a?aioey?iiai aia?aoo eaeeioeeo?a c ??ciith ?ioaineai?noth aeyaeaii o 100% aeiaaee?a. 5. A ianoaaeai?e a?oi? o/aniee?a EIA ia *AAN (259 in?a) aeyaeaii 17 aeiaaee?a (6,5%) iieiaaiaoieia?/ieo caoai?thaaiue, na?aae yeeo ia?aaaaeathoue i??eii?ie?oa?aoeai? (OIE oa inoaii??eio?a?ic — 8 aeiaaee?a) oa ??ci? aa??aioe IAeN (6 aeiaaee?a). 6. On? iaoe??ioe c? no?eeeie e?euee?nieie, ye?nieie oa ooieoe?iiaeueieie a?aeoeeaiiyie a aeaiaioao aaiiiiaco, iniaeeai a ii?aeiaii? c ee?i?/ieie neiioiiaie (nieaiiiaaae??th oa e?ioaaeaiiiao??th) iaeaaeaoue aei a?oie aenieiai ?eceeo ?icaeoeo iieiaaiaoieia?/ii? iaoieia??. I?AEOE*I? ?AEIIAIAeAOe?? 1. O/anieee EIA ia *AAN iacaeaaeii a?ae io?eiaii? aeice ii?ii?iaiiy iiaeii? ia?aaoaaoe i?ae iaaeyaeii oa?aiaaoa ca i?noeai i?iaeeaaiiy aai ?iaioe ? i?iaiaeeoe ?icai?iooee aiae?c e?ia? 2 ?ace ia ??e. O ?ac? aeyaeaiiy a?aeoeeaiue o aaiia?ai? (eaeeioeeoic, eaeeiiai?y, o?iiaioeeoiiai?y, o?iiaioeeoic, aiai?y, ye?ni? ii?oieia?/i? ci?ie eaeeioeeo?a) iaiao?aeia ianoaaeaiiy o aaiaoieiaa c iaia’yceiaei aeine?aeaeaiiyi i??eia?aie oa o?aiaiia?iioaoo. 2. On? iaoe??ioe, ye? iathoue no?ee? e?euee?ni?, ye?ni? oa ooieoe?iiaeuei? ci?ie a aeaiaioao aaiiiiaco, iniaeeai o ii?aeiaii? c ee?i?/ieie iciaeaie (ca?eueoaiiy naeac?iee, ia/?iee, e?ioaoe/ieo aoce?a, neiioiie e?iaioi/eaino?), iaeaaeaoue aei a?oie aenieiai ?eceeo ?icaeoeo iieiaaiaoieia?/ii? iaoieia??: o?ii?/iiai i??eieaeeico, inoaii??eio?a?ico, i??eiaeenieanoe/iiai neiae?iio. NIENIE IAOEIAEO I?AOeUe, IIOAE?EIAAIEO CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe?? 1. ?aae/oe C.A. Eeeieei-aaiaoieiae/aneay oa?aeoa?enoeea a?oiiu eeoe, i?eieiaaoeo o/anoea a eeeaeaeaoeee iineaaenoaee aaa?ee ia *AYN, ni noaaeeueiuie eciaiaieyie a aaiia?aiia // A?a/aa. aeaei.— 1997. — ? 1. — N. 1721. 2. Ci?ie eaeeiiiaco a o/aniee?a e?ea?aeaoe?? iane?aee?a aaa??? ia *i?iiaeeuenuee?e AAN / A.?. Eeeiaiei, C.A. ?aae/oe // Oe?a?inueeee iaaee/iee *ANIIEN. — 1998. — ? 2 (4). — N. 54–57. 3. Oa?aeoa?enoeea iaeioi?uo yeaiaioia no?iiu einoiiai iicaa o o/anoieeia eeeaeaeaoeee iineaaenoaee aaa?ee ia *AYN a ioaeaeaiiue ia?eiae / A.E. Eiaaeue, A.E. Eeeiaiei, C.A. ?aae/oe // A?a/aa. aeaei.— 1998. — ? 3. — N. 1518. 4. ?aae/oe C.A. Ii?oieiae/aneea iniaaiiinoe eaeeioeeoia o o/anoieeia eeeaeaeaoeee iineaaenoaee aaa?ee ia *AYN ni noaaeeueiuie eciaiaieyie a aaiia?aiia // Nia?aiaiiua i?iaeaiu ?aaeeaoeeiiiie iaaeeoeeiu. Nai?iee noaoae e 10-eaoeth aaiaoieiae/aneiai ioaeaeaiey EE? IOe?I AII Oe?aeiu. — Eeaa. — 1997. — N. 1417. 5. Aeeoa?aioe?eia ae?aaiinoeea i??eiaeenieanoe/iiai neiae?iio o in?a, ye? iino?aaeaeaee aiane?aeie aaa??? ia *AAN / A.?. Eeeiaiei, ?.N. Aeya?eue, O.O. Ethaa?aoeue, ?.A. E?y/ie, I.A. *a?a’yeiaa, O.A. Neaei?aiei, C.A. ?aae/oe // Nia?aiaiiua i?iaeaiu ?aaeeaoeeiiiie iaaeeoeeiu. Nai?iee noaoae e 10-eaoeth aaiaoieiae/aneiai ioaeaeaiey EE? IOe?I AII Oe?aeiu. — Eeaa. — 1997. — N. 14. 6. ?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiey caaieaaaaiinoe aaiiaeanoicaie ianaeaiey Oe?aeiu, iino?aaeaaoaai a ?acoeueoaoa *a?iiaueueneie eaoano?iou, ninoiyuaai ia o/aoa a Ainoaea?noaaiiii ?aaeno?a / A.A. Eaaeiuoe, E.N. Aeyaeeue, A.E. Eeeiaiei, I.A. Aoaecaiei, I.A. Naaaeueaaa, C.A. ?aae/oe // I?iaeaiu ?aaeeaoe. yieaeaieieiaee iaae. iineaaenoaee aaa?ee ia *AYN: Iaoa?eaeu iao/. eiio. (a. Eeaa, 1920 ieo. 1993 a., n iaaeaeoia?. o/anoeai). — Eeaa. — 1993. — N. 162167. 7. Oaiiiai “iae?ioaaecaoeee” yiaeioaeey a einoiii iicaa eeoe, iino?aaeaaoeo a ?acoeueoaoa *a?iiaueueneie eaoano?iou / E.A. Aaeaoei, E.A. Cioeeia, C.I. Iao?aiei, I.I. Einotheaae/, C.A. ?aae/oe // 3-e Oe?. c’?cae aaiaoieia?a i o?ainoociieiaia (i. Noie, 2325 o?aaiy 1995 ?.): Oace aeii. — Eeaa. — 1995. — N. 105106. 8. Aaiaoieiae/aneea yooaeou n?aaee o/anoieeia eeeaeaeaoeee iineaaenoaee aaa?ee ia *a?iiaueueneie AYN / A.E. Eeeiaiei, E.N. Aeyaeeue, E.A. E?y/ie, C.A. ?aae/oe, O.O. Ethaa?aoe // Aiaeaeaeaii ianeiaeee ii?iiiiaiiy a iioiiie oa aaiiiiaoe/iie nenoaiao. Oace iaoe.-i?aeo. eiio. (i. Ee?a, 1618 aeiaoiy 1996 ?.). — Eeaa. — 1996. — N. 100101. 9. ?aae/oe C.A. Oa?aeoa?enoeea a?aioeioeeoa?iiai caaia aaiiiiyca o eeoe, aeeeoaeueii ?aaioathueo a 30-eeeiiao?iaie ciia *AYN // I?iaeaie ?aae?aoe?eii? iaaeeoeeie i?ney *i?iiaeeuenueei? eaoano?ioe. Iaoa??aee iaoeiai? eiio. iieiaeeo o/aieo, i?enay/aii? 10-??//th IOe?I, Ee?a, 2–4 aeiaoiy 1996 ?. — E. 1997. — N. 7072. AIIOAOe?? ?aae/oe C.A. Ii?oiooieoe?iiaeuei? iniaeeaino? eaeeioeeoa?ii? eaiee aaiiiiaco a o/aniee?a e?ea?aeaoe?? iane?aee?a aaa??? ia *i?iiaeeuenuee?e AAN o a?aeaeaeaiee ia??iae. — ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 14.01.31 — aaiaoieia?y oa o?ainooc?ieia?y. — Ee?anueeee iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee ?inoeooo aaiaoieia?? oa ia?aeeaaiiy e?ia?, Ee?a, 1998. O aeena?oaoe?? i?aaenoaaeaii ?acoeueoaoe aea/aiiy aeaiaio?a eaeeiiiaco a ia?eoa?e/i?e e?ia? oa e?noeiaiio iiceia? ca aeiiiiiaith ii?oieia?/ieo, oeeoio?i?/ieo, aeaeo?iiii-i?e?ineii?/ieo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy a o/aniee?a e?ea?aeaoe?? iane?aee?a aaa??? ia *AAN c aeicith ii?ii?iaiiy a?ae 0,05 aei 1 A?, ye? iathoue noaa?euei? a?aeoeeaiiy a aaiia?ai?. *a?ac 10 ?ie?a i?ney aaa??? aeyaeai? nooo?a? e?euee?ni?, ye?ni? oa ooieoe?iiaeuei? ci?ie eaeeioeeo?a, eio?? na?ae/aoue i?i aeeaiea o?aaeaiiy e?iaioai?ii? nenoaie ? aenieee ?ecee ?icaeoeo iieiaaiaoieia?/ii? iaoieia?? o aeaiiai eiioeiaaioo in?a. Eeth/ia? neiaa: o/anieee e?ea?aeaoe?? iane?aee?a aaa??? ia *AAN, ?ii?coth/a aei?ii?ithaaiiy, eaeeioeeoa?ia eaiea aaiiiiaco, ia?eoa?e/ia e?ia, e?noeiaee iicie, e?euee?ni? oa ye?ni? ci?ie eaeeioeeo?a, iieiaaiaoieia?/ia iaoieia?y, a?oie ?eceeo. ?aae/oe C.A. Ii?oiooieoeeiiaeueiua iniaaiiinoe eaeeioeeoa?iiai caaia aaiiiiaca o o/anoieeia eeeaeaeaoeee iineaaenoaee aaa?ee ia *a?iiaueueneie AYN a ioaeaeaiiue ia?eiae. — ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeeoeeineeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14.01.31 — aaiaoieiaey e o?ainooceieiaey. — Eeaaneee iao/ii-enneaaeiaaoaeueneee einoeooo aaiaoieiaee e ia?aeeaaiey e?iae, Eeaa, 1998. A aeenna?oaoeee i?aaenoaaeaiu ?acoeueoaou eco/aiey yeaiaioia eaeeiiiyca a ia?eoa?e/aneie e?iae e einoiii iicaa n iiiiuueth ii?oieiae/aneeo, oeeoioeie/aneeo, yeaeo?iiii-iee?ineiie/aneeo iaoiaeia enneaaeiaaiey o o/anoieeia eeeaeaeaoeee iineaaenoaee aaa?ee ia *AYN ni noaaeeueiuie ioeeiiaieyie a aaiia?aiia, iiaeaa?aoeony aicaeaenoaeth eiiece?othuaai eceo/aiey a aeeaiaciia aeic io 0,05 aei 1 A?. *a?ac 10 eao iinea aaa?ee iaia?oaeaiu nouanoaaiiua eiee/anoaaiiua, ea/anoaaiiua e ooieoeeiiaeueiua eciaiaiey eaeeioeeoia, eioi?ua naeaeaoaeuenoaotho i aeoaieie noaiaie ii?aaeaiey e?iaaoai?iie nenoaiu e aunieii ?enea ?acaeoey iieiaaiaoieiae/aneie iaoieiaee o aeaiiiai eiioeiaaioa eeoe. Eeth/aaua neiaa: o/anoieee eeeaeaeaoeee iineaaenoaee aaa?ee ia *AYN, eiiece?othuaa eceo/aiea, eaeeioeeoa?iia caaii aaiiiiyca, ia?eoa?e/aneay e?iaue, einoiue iica, eiee/anoaaiiua e ea/anoaaiiua eciaiaiey eaeeioeeoia, iieiaaiaoieiae/aneay iaoieiaey, a?oiiu ?enea. Radchuk Z.V. Morphofunctional features of Leucopoesis in the clean-up workers after the Chernobyl accident in the remote period. — Manuscript. The thesis is presented for a candidate’s degree in medicine, specialization 14.01.31 — hematology and transfusiology. — The Kiev Research institute for hematology and blood transfusion, Kiev, 1998. The thesis contributes to the study of leucopoiesis elements in peripheral blood and bone marrow of clean-up workers after Chernobyl accident, who had been exposed to the ionizing radiation with the dose ranging from 0,05 to 1 Gy and heaving stable deviations in hemograms. Using morphological, cytochemical, electron-microscopic techniques essential quantitative, qualitative and functional leukocytes changes were revealed in 10 years after the accident. These data indicate drastic damage of the hemopoietic system and high risk of oncohematological pathology in the particular cohort of patients. Key words: clean-up workers after the Chernobyl accident, ionizing radiation, leucopoiesis elements, peripheral blood, bone marrow, qualitative and quantitative leukocytes changes, oncohematological pathology, groups of risk.

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