I?I?NOA?NOAI IOI?IIE CAeI?IA’ss OE?A?IE

E?EINUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE IAAeE*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

?i N.?. AAI?A??ANUeEIAI

A?EIAEOeUeEEE IEAA ANAAIEIAeIAE*

OAeE: 576.31:611.651.1:616.89-008-011.891.5:57.089.7

II?OI-OOIEOe?IIAEUeIA IOe?IEA ss?*IEE?A

A OIIAAO AEEIAIEUeIEO ?IOIENEEAOe?E

(aenia?eiaioaeueia oa naeoe?eii-ii?oieia?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy)

14.03.01 — Ii?iaeueia aiaoii?y

A A O I ? A O A ? A O

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

N?ioa?iiieue — 1999

Aeena?oaoe?y ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia o E?einueeiio aea?aeaaiiio iaaee/iiio

oi?aa?neoao? ?i. N.?. Aai?a??anueeiai

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: Caneoaeaiee ae?y/ iaoee ? oaoi?ee Oe?a?ie,

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe,
i?ioani?,

Aaaai?i Aiaoie?e Aiae??eiae/,

?aeoi? E?einueeiai aea?aeaaiiai

iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo

?i. N.?. Aai?a??anueeiai,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e noaeiai?

iaaeeoeeie oa iniia i?aaa

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

Caneoaeaiee ae?y/ iaoee ? oaoi?ee Oe?a?ie, aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe,
i?ioani?, E?ooeye Aieiaeeie? Ieeieaeiae/, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e aiaoii?? c
eo?nii oiiia?ao?/ii? aiaoii?? Aoeiaeinueei? aea?aeaaii? iaaee/ii?
aeaaeai??

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Eaca?aa Einoyioei Eaii?aeiae/, i?ioani?
eaoaae?e a?ieia?? E?einueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.
N.?. Aai?a??anueeiai

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — Eoaainueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao
IIC Oe?a?ie, eaoaae?a ii?iaeueii? aiaoii?? ethaeeie

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “_23_”
___eenoiiaaea____________________________________________

i _14__ aiaeei? ___00__oa. ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
E 52.600.02 o E?einueeiio aea?aeaaiiio iaaee/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?i.
N.?.Aai?a??anueeiai ca aae?anith: 95006 i. N?ioa?iiieue, aoeueaa?
Eai?ia 5/7.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? E?einueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i N.?. Aai?a??anueeiai.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii “_21_” _______aeiaoiy___________ 1999?.

O/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? ?aaee,

i?ioani?
I.I. A??eoi

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE.

Aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie. A inoaii? ?iee cia/ii c??n ?ioa?an aei
i?iaeai aeeiaie?cio. Na?aae i?e/ei nia?oiino? aeeiaie?ci caeia? 3 — ?
i?noea, iinooiath/enue eeoa na?oeaai-noaeeiiei caoai?thaaiiyi ?
ceiye?niei iiaiooai?aiiyi [ A.N. Iienaaa, 1990; Ae.I.Aeeeaei, A.A.
Aeai?ieeiaa, 1991].

Aeae?eythoue ??ci? ee?i?ei-ii?oieia?/i? oi?ie aeeiaie?cio
caeaaeii a?ae ia?aaaaeiiai o?aaeaiiy oiai /e ?ioiai i?aaia: ia/?ieiaa,
ie?eiaa, na?oeaaa, iaie?aaoe/ia, eaaaiaaa, iiceiaa oa ?i. [A.N. Iooei n
niaao., 1985; A.N.Iienaaa, 1990 ].

Aacnoii?aiee ?ioa?an i?aaenoaaey? aea/aiiy aieeao aoeeiaiai
aeeiaieth ia ?ai?iaeoeoeaiee aia?ao, o oiio /ene? ae?iie [E.A.Aeea?,
1996; N.K. Mello, 1988 ]. Aeai? e?oa?aoo?e c oeueiai ieoaiiy ia ?
aaaaoi/eneaiieie, iinyoue o?aaiaioa?iee, ?iiae? noia?a/eeaee oa?aeoa?.
Iayai? iiiaeeiie? ?iaioe, ui aena?oeththoue ee?i?/i?, a?io?i?/i? oa
ooieoe?iiaeuei? ci?ie ?ai?iaeoeoeaiiai aia?aoo ae?iie [ A.E. Aeeiia,
1983; E.A. Aeea?, 1991, 1992, 1996; R.T. Tzarvoulkova- Demkova et al.,
1987 e ae?. ]. I?aeoe/ii a?aenooi? aeine?aeaeaiiy
ii?oiooieoe?iiaeueieo ia?aoai?aiue a y?/ieeao i?e aeeiaieueieo
?ioieneeaoe?yo, ui i?e ana c?inoath/iio ??ai? aaeeaaiiy aeeiaieth
ae?ieaie ?ai?iaeoeoeaiiai a?eo i?aaenoaaeythoue ye nioe?aeueio, oae ?
iaaee/io i?iaeaio, aeaeaeo a?ae naiai ae??oaiiy.

C oeeo iiceoe?e i?aaenoaaey? ?ioa?an aea/aiiy aeeiai?ee oa
aoaiiino? ii?oi-ooieoe?iiaeueieo ia?aoai?aiue a y?/ieeao a oiiaao
o?ii?/ii? aeeiaieueii? ?ioieneeaoe??.

O iiiaeeiieeo ?iaioao, aeeiiaieo ia ye?niiio iieniaiio ??ai?,
i?aaenoaaeaii a?noio?i?/ia aea/aiiy aeoeaiino? oa?iaio?a oeaieiiiai
aeeoaiiy a aeayeeo i?aaiao i?e aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeeiaieueieo
?ioieneeaoe?yo [I.I. *a?ia/aiei, A.I. Aeoa?o, 1986; A.A.Aaaaiei, TH.A.
?iianeaae/, 1990 ].

Aea/aiiy ii?oi-a?noio?i?/ieo oa oeueo?ano?oeoo?ieo iniaeeainoae
aeeiaieueieo ooeiaeaeaiue y?/iee?a ia? i?eioeeiiaa cia/aiiy o aeyniaii?
eaiie iaoiaaiaco ii?ooaiue ?ai?iaeoeoeaii? ooieoe?? ae?iie i?e
aeeiaie?ci?.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Iaoa — aea/eoe ii?oi-a?noio?i?/i? oa oeueo?ano?oeoo?i? ci?ie
a y?/ieeao a?eeo uo??a ? ethaeeie, ui aeieeathoue a oiiaao aino?i? oa
o?ii?/ii? aeeiaieueieo ?ioieneeaoe?e.

Caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy:

1. Aeine?aeeoe oa?aeoa? ii?oi-ooieoe?iiaeueieo ci?i a y?/ieeao
aenia?eiaioaeueieo oaa?ei ( a?eeo uo??a — naieoeue) i?e aino?iio
io?o?ii? aoaiieii.

2. Aea/eoe aeeiai?eo oa aoaii?noue ii?oi-a?noio?i?/ieo ?
oeueo?ano?oeoo?ieo ia?aoai?aiue o y?/ieeao uo??a i?e o?ii?/i?e
aeeiaieuei?e ?ioieneeaoe??.

3. Aeine?aeeoe ia?aio?iaoicii-no?iiaeuei? ci?ie iaa??aeueii?
caeice ae?iie ?ai?iaeoeoeaiiai a?eo, ye? iiia?ee a oiiaao io?o?iiy
aoeeiaei aeeiaieai.

4. C iiceoe?e aenia?eiaioaeueieo ? naeoe?eii-ii?oieia?/ieo
c?noaaeaiue ioe?ieoe ii?oi-ooieoe?iiaeueiee aoaeo aeeiaieueieo o?aaeaiue
no?oeoo?ieo eiiiiiaio?a oeaieie y?/iee?a, a oaeiae ooeiaeaeaiiai
aieeao aoaiieo ia ?ai?iaeoeoeai? iiaeeeaino? ae?ii/iai i?aai?cio.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe.

Ia aenia?eiaioaeueiiio ? naeoe?eiiio iaoa??ae? aea/aii noai
ia?aio?iaoicii-no?iiaeueieo aeaiaio?a no?oeoo?e y?/iee?a oa ?oiueiai
noaeeiiiai ?onea a oiiaao aeeiaieueii? ?ioieneeaoe??.

Aia?oa i?aaenoaaeaia aeeiai?ea oa aoaii?noue ii?oieia?/ieo
ci?i, ui ?icaeaathoueny a ??cieo eiiiiiaioao oeaieie y?/iee?a a oiiaao
o?ii?/ii? aeeiaieueii? ?ioieneeaoe??, ye o aenia?eiaioaeueieo oaa?ei,
oae ? o ethaeeie. Aea/aia aeoeai?noue oa?iaio?a ??cieo oac oeaieiiiai
aeeoaiiy i?e aeeiaieueieo ?ioieneeaoe?yo a aenia?eiaio?.

Aia?oa i?iaaaeai? c?noaaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a naeoe?eieo ?
aenia?eiaioaeueieo ii?oi-ooieoe?iiaeueieo ia?aoai?aiue a y?/ieeao,
coiiaeaieo aieeaii aoaiieo ye ia na?oeiiioe/iiio, oae ? aeaeo?iiii —
i?e?ineii?/iiio ??aiyo aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Iiaeaiee o ?iaio? ii?oi-ooieoe?iiaeueiee oa ei?aeyoe?eiee aiae?c ci?i
y?/iee?a a oiiaao aeeiaieueieo ?ioieneeaoe?e, aeicaieya c’ynoaaoe
aeaye? eaiee iaoiaaiaco ii?ooaiue ?ai?iaeoeoeaiiai aia?aoo ae?iie i?e
aeeiaie?ci?, ui ia? i?eioeeiiaa cia/aiiy a iaa?oiooaaii? ?aoe?iiaeueii?
oa?ai?? iane?aee?a oai?iae, ? iiia?aaeaeaii? oeueiai noaio.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aoee aeeeaaeai? oa iaaiai?ai?
ia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Aii?inu oai?ee e i?aeoeee
noaeaaii-iaaeeoeeineie yenia?oecu” (Caii?iaeuea, 1995), iaoeia?e
eiioa?aioe?? “Aeooaeuei? ieoaiiy ii?oiaaiaco” (*a?i?aoe?, 1996),
ia can?aeaii? eaoaae?e a?noieia?? oa aia??ieia?? iaae?ao?e/iiai
oaeoeueoaoo ?in?enueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo, ia
eaoaae?? noaeiai? iaaeeoeeie E?einueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo.

. Ioae?eaoe??.

Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 7 iaoeiaeo ?ia?o, ?c ieo 4
o ca??ieeao, caoaa?aeaeaieo AAE Oe?a?ie. Io?eiaii 2 iina?ae/aiiy ia
?aoe?iiae?caoi?nuee? i?iiiceoe??.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??.

Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia 110 noi??ieao oaenoo, neeaaea?oueny
?c anooio, iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e, iaoa??ae?a oa iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy,
o?ueio aeaa ?acoeueoao?a aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue ? ?o iaaiai?aiiy,
aeniiae?a. Nienie e?oa?aoo?e ai?uo? 98 aeaea?ae a?o/eciyieo ? 60
ca?oa?aeieo aaoi??a.Aeena?oaoe?y ?ethno?iaaia 6 oaaeeoeyie, 52
iaethieaie.

Iaoa??aee ? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy.

sse iaoa??ae aeine?aeaeaiiy aeei?enoiaoaaee y?/ieee
noaoaaic??eeo a?eeo uo??a–naieoeue ?c a?aa??y EAeIO, yeeo oo?eioaaee a
noaiaea?oieo oiiaao ca?aeii c ?aeiiaiaeaoe?yie ?.I. Caiaaeithea c?
ni?aaao. (1983). Aino?o aeeiaieueio ?ioieneeaoe?th iiaeaethaaee ia 20
uo?ao ca iaoiaeeeith A.A. Eiiiiy/aiei c? ni?aaao. (1983), ca?aeii c
yeith 40% ?ic/ei aoaiieo aaiaeeany aioo??oiueioeoieiai iaeii?aciai ca
aeiiiiiaith ciiaea ?c ?ic?aooieo 0,04 ie ia 1 a?ai iane oaa?eie (0,016
ie/a /enoiai aoaiieo).

Eiio?ieueio a?oio neeaaeaee 20 oaa?ei, yeei oaeiae
aioo??oiueioeoieiai aaiaeeee 6-7 ie aiaeii?iaiaeii? aiaee.

Iiaeaethaaiiy o?ii?/ii? aeeiaieueii? ?ioieneeaoe??
cae?enithaaeinue ca aeiiiiiaith uiaeaiiiai iaeii?aciaiai
aioo??oiueioeoieiaiai aaaaeaiiy 40% ?ic/eio aoeeiaiai nie?oo ?c
?ic?aooieo 0,015 ie 96% aoaiieo ia 1 a iane o?ea oaa?eie.
Aenia?eiaioaeueio a?oio neeaaeaee 50 uo??a – naieoeue, ye? aoee
?iciiae?eai? ca oa?i?iaie niinoa?aaeaiiy: 1,3,6,8,12 i?nyoe?a.

Eiio?ieueio a?oio neeaaeaee 50 uo??a – naieoeue, ye?
oo?eioaaeenue a iaeiaeiaeo c i?aeaeine?aeieie oaa?eiaie oiiaao, aac
iaiaaeaiiy ?ooiiino? c aeio?eiaiiyi ?aeaioe/iino? oa?/iaiai oa
aiaeiiai ?aoe?ii?a [I.E.Eaca?aa n niaao.,1976]. No?oeoo?a
aenia?eiaioaeueiiai iaoa??aeo iiaeaia a oaaeeoe? 1.

Oaaeeoey 1

?iciiae?e aenia?eiaioaeueieo oaa?ei ca a?oiaie niinoa?aaeaiue.

Iaeiaioaaiiy a?oi

E?euee?noue

oaa?ei

Eiio?ieueia a?oia 70

Aino?a io?o?iiy aeeiaieai 20

O?ii?/ia io?o?iiy aeeiaieai:

1 i?nyoeue

3 i?nyoe?

6 i?nyoe?a

8 i?nyoe?a

12 i?nyoe?a

10

10

10

10

10

ANUeIAI 140

Iaoa??aeii naeoe?eii? /anoeie ?iaioe noaee y?/ieee o?oi?a
ae?ii/i? noao? ?ai?iaeoeoeaiiai a?eo, ye? iiia?ee a oiiaao aino?eo /e
o?ii?/ieo aeeiaieueieo ?ioieneeaoe?e, i?e ae?aaeaiiio aeeieueiiio
eaoaiiac?. Aei oiai ae oa?i?i aeeo/aiiy iaoa??aeo eieeaaany a?ae 12 aei
36 aiaeei i?ney eiinoaoaoe?? nia?o?. Iaoa??ae aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeo/aany
ia aac? oaiaoieia?/iiai a?aeae?eo E?einueeiai ?anioae?eainueeiai ath?i
noaeiai-iaaee/ii? aenia?oece. An? niinoa?aaeaiiy aoee aeeiiai? i?e
aaciina?aaei?e o/ano? aaoi?a.

Aei a?oie aino?iai io?o?iiy aoeeiaei aeeiaieai aoee a?aeianai?
26 aeiaaee?a, o yeeo ??aaiue aeeiaieai?? neeaaeaa 5 ? a?eueoa i?ii?ea,
ui i?eeiyoi aaaaeaoe nia?oaeueiei, ca?aeii c “Iaoiaee/aneeie oeacaieyie
Ieienoa?noaa cae?aaiio?aiaiey NNN? i noaeaaii-iaaeeoeeineie aeeaaiinoeea
nia?oaeueiuo io?aaeaiee yoeeiaui aeeiaieai e aeiioneaaiuo i?e yoii
ioeaeao” (1974) ? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?yie A.?.I?ici?ianueeiai c?
ni?aaao.(1967).

O?ii?/io aeeiaieueio ?ioieneeaoe?th aea/aee ia iaoa??ae?,
io?eiaiiio a?ae 42 o?oi?a ae?iie, ye? iiia?ee aiane?aeie o?eaaei?
aeeiaieueii? ?ioieneeaoe??, ui iaee aeinoia??iee eaoaiiac (iaoiaeaeaiiy
ia i?eioniaiio e?eoaaii? o niaoecaeeaaeao c i?eaiaeo aeeiaie?cio) ? c
ae?aaiinoiaaieie a?noea?aeueieie i?iyaeaiiyie aeeiaie?cio (aeeiaieueiee
oee?ic ia/?iee, aeeiaieueia ea?ae?ii?iiao?y, aeeiaieueia aioeaoaeiiao?y
oa ?i.). Eiio?ieueio a?oio neeaaeaee 14 o?oi?a ae?iie ?ai?iaeoeoeaiiai
a?eo, o yeeo aeeiaieue o e?ia? ? na/? ia aecia/aany caaaeueiii?eeiyoeie
iaoiaeeeaie, a i?e/eiith nia?o? noaee o?aaie, aei oiai ae ?iia??iee
aeeiaieueiee eaoaiiac aoa a?aenooi?i. No?oeoo?a naeoe?eiiai iaoa??aeo
iiaeaia a oaaeeoe? 2.

Oaaeeoey 2

?iciiae?e naeoe?eieo niinoa?aaeaiue ca a?oiaie oa na??yie.

A?oie

niinoa?aaeaiue E?euee?noue

aeiaaee?a ??aaiue

aeeiaieai??

(i?ii?ea) A?e

(?ie?a)

Eiio?ieueia

a?oia

14

17-40

Aino?a io?o?iiy

aeeiaieai

26

5 ? a?eueoa

19-35

O?ii?/iee

aeeiaie?ci

42

aei 3

26-44

I?e ia?iaoe? oa aiae?co iaoa??aeo aeei?enoiaoaaany eiiieaeniee
i?aeo?ae. I?ney iiia?aaeiueiai caaaeoaaiiy iaeei ?c y?/iee?a uo?a
o?enoaaee a 10% ?ic/ei? iaeo?aeueiiai oi?iae?ia a ?ioee iii?uaee a
e??inoao aeey io?eiaiiy na?aeicaii?iaeaieo c??c?a. O?enaoi? a?aeieaaee o
i?ioi/i?e aiaeii?ia?aei?e aiae? 24 aiaeeie. Oeaieio y?/iee?a uo??a
iaacaiaeithaaee o aaoa?a? nie?o?a aeno?aeii? eiioeaio?aoe??,
i?iynithaaee o eneeie?, c ianooiiei caeeaaiiyi o noi?o ia?ao?io oa
aaeaeieeiiai aineo [A.?iiaen, 1953; ?.Eeeee, 1969]. ?c ia?ao?iiaeo
aeie?a aiooaaee na??ei? c??ce caaoiaoee 5-7 iei.

Naeoe?eiee iaoa??ae i?aeaeaaaany o?eueee caeeaaiith a ia?ao?i.

Aenia?eiaioaeueiee iaoa??ae aeey aeaeo?iiii? i?e?ineii?? o?enoaaee
a 2,5% ?ic/ei? aethoa?iaiai aeueaeaa?aeo ia oinoaoiiio aooa?? c ?I 7,4 c
iiaeaeueoith aeio?enaoe??th ca Milloning (1961) 1% ?ic/eiii IsI4. I?ney
ciaaiaeiaiiy a aaoa?a? aoeaoii?a, oiaoee y?/iee?a caeeaaee o noi?o niie
aiiio c a?aeaeeoii. Ia oeueo?aoii? “LKB–III” aeaioiaeyee iai?aoiie?
c??ce. Oeueo?aoiie? c??ce aeioa?aiaoaaee o?ai?eaoeaoaoii ? oeeo?aoii
naeioeth [E.S. Reynolds, 1963] oa ia?aaeyaeaee o aeaeo?iiiiio i?e?ineii?
HS–9 (o??ia Hitachi, ssiii?y).

?c iao?eniaaii? oeaieie aeaioiaeyee e??inoaoi? c??ce caaoiaoee
10 iei. Aeoeai?noue noeoe?iaoaeaa?ae?iaaiace (NAeA) aecia/aee ca
iaoiaeii Ea?iaeue-O?ii?ono oa Oaeioo [A. Aae??, 1974], 3-(-ie
noa?i?aeaeaa?ae?iaaiace (3 — ( -ie NAeA) – ca iaoiaeeeith Dickman, Dey,
oeeoio?iiieneaeace ca A. I??nii (1962). Aeyaeaiiy aeoeaiino? eoaeii?
oinoaoace (EO) oa AOO-ace aecia/aee ca aeiiiiiaith iaoiaea Aiii?? [E.A.
Aooaaeia, 1982].

C iaoith iaeyaeiaiai caaa?aeaiiy, a oaeiae aeey aeyaeaiiy
eiiiiiaio?a niieo/ii? oeaieie a?noieia?/i? c??ce oa?aoaaee aaiaoienee?i
— aic?iii, ca Aai — A?cii, ca Mallory [ ?.Eeeee, 1969]. Oe? c??ce
i?aeaeaaaeenue ia?aeaeueii e?euee?niiio ii?oiiao?e/iiio aiae?co ca
aeiiiiiaith ieoey?ii? ii?oiiao?e/ii? n?oee [A.A. Aaoaiaeeeia, 1990].
Ni?aa?aeiioaiiy no?iie – ia?aio?ie a e??eia?e ?a/iaei? i?aaia
i?iaiaeeee iaoiaeii e?aieiaiai ?aooieo. Aiae?coaaeenue c??ce ?c 10
aiiaae o eiaei?e na??? niinoa?aaeaiue. A?aeae?aeenue aeae?eueea
na??eieo c??c?a, ye? i?ioiaeeee ia?aaaaeii /a?ac oeaio? y?/ieea o
iaeneiaeuei?e ieiu? ?icoeio. O eiio?ieuei?e ? o i?aeaeine?aei?e na??yo
?c 500 e?aiie, a?aoiaoaaeanue ?oiy e?euee?noue, ui iio?aieyea ia
aaia?aoeai? aeaiaioe (oie?eoee, aeiao? o?ea, ao?aoe/i? o?ea) ?, ie?aii,
ia no?iiaeueiee eiiiiiaio e??eiai? ?a/iaeie. Aaniethoia e?euee?noue
e?aiie ia?aaiaeeeanue o a?aenioee. Ia?aeaeueii ia na??eieo c??cao
i?iaiaeeany i?ae?aooiie aaniethoii? e?eueeino? oie?eoe?a, aeiaoeo oa
ao?aoe/ieo o?e, oie?eoey?ieo e?no. I?e oeueiio oie?eoee i?ae?icae?eyee
ia ioee i?eii?ae?aeueieo, ia?aeiieo, aoi?eiieo ? o?aoeiieo.[I.A.
Aieeiaa, 1983]. Ii??aiyiiy io?eiaieo aaee/ei i?iaiaeeeinue c o?aoaaaiiyi
t–e?eoa??y Nouethaeaioa. Noaoenoe/ii aeinoia??iith aaaaeaee ??cieoeth
i?e ? < 0,05. ?acoeueoaoe aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue oa ?oi?e aiae?c. A aenia?eiaio? i?e aino??e aeeiaieuei?e ?ioieneeaoe?? i?ney ?icoeio /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie y?/ieee uo??a iaee aeaeyae iiaiie?iaieo ? a?ia?ai??iaaieo. I?e aiae?c? i?e?ii?aia?ao?a, ianaiia?aae caa?oaee ia naaa oaaao ?icoe?ai? oa iiaiie?iai? i?a- ? iinoeai?ey?i? noaeeie no?iie iicaiai? oa e??eiai? ?a/iaeie. I?ina?o a?eueoino? eai?ey??a, ye iieacaea na?oeiaa oa aeaeo?iiia i?e?ineii?y, aoa ?icoe?aiee ? caiiaiaiee a?eo?ioeeoaie. Neaaeae? a?eo?ioeeo?a cae?eaaee oaeiae i?ina?o aaioe ? ae??aieo aai. Oeueo?ano?oeoo?iee aiae?c, i?iaaaeaiee iaie, aeicaieea aeyaeoe i?e/eio noiaeiai ia?ae?oe/iiai noaio noaeei. O ee?oeiieo iaieiieao i?aeoe/ii an?o noaeei, iniaeeai i?e?ioee?eoeyoi?iiai ?onea (o eai?ey?ao – a aiaeioae?ioeeoao, a a?oa??ieao – e??i aiaeioae?ioeeo?a, o aeaaeeeo i?ioeeoao ? aaeaaioeoe?eieo ee?oeiao) aeyaeyeenue iciaee aeano?oeoe?? i?oioiiae??e. I?oioiiae??? iaee aeaeyae iaa?yeeeo, aoee iicaaaeai?, aai ai?uoaaee iiiaeeiie?, nei?i/ai? e??noe oa iaee aeaeyae ii?iaeienoeo eoeueie. O aaiieai?ey?ao no?iie niinoa??aaany ?icnoee i?aeaiaeioae?aeueieo eiioaeo?a, iciaee noaaiaeioae?aeueiiai oa ia?eaacaeueiiai iaa?yeo; iaaeieieai?ey?i? i?inoi?e aoee caiiaiai? ai?noii, aiiieia?/iei ca oeueo?ano?oeoo?ith ieaci? e?ia?. Aacaeueia iaia?aia a?eueoino? i?e?inoaeei aoea ia?a?ea/anoith, ui ia aoei oa?aeoa?ii aeey eiio?ieueii? na???. A?noio?i?/ia oanooaaiiy oeeoio?iiieneaeace, iaeiiai ?c eeth/iaeo aeeoaeueieo oa?iaio?a i?oioiiae??e, aeyaeei i?aeoe/ii eiai iiaio a?aenooi?noue o ee?oeiao noaeei i?e?ioee?eoey?oi?iiai ?onea. I/aaeaeii, ui oiene/i? eiioeaio?aoe?? aoaiieo caeaoi? aaciina?aaeiuei o?aaeaoe ee?oeiia aeeoaiiy – iniiaiee i?ioean, yeee caiacia/o? aia?aaoe/iee iioaioe?ae ee?oeie oa aeeiiaiiy iath nai?o ooieoe?e. O oeeo oiiaao a?oa??iee c-ca o?aaeaiiy aia?ainenoaie i?ioeeo?a ia iiaeooue iiaiioe?iii nei?i/oaaoenue ? ?aaoethaaoe e?iaia?a, iai?aaeaiee o n?ooe? aaiieai?ey??a. Eai?ey?e a neeo oeo aea ianoaaei iani?iiiaei? o cae/aeiiio ?aaeei? aaeaeaaoii cae?enithaaoe iai?iii -o?ainii?oi? i?ioeane o nenoai? “e?ia–oeaieia”, a ?oi? aiaeioae?ioeeoe aeeiioaaoe aioeaa?aaoaaeueio ooieoe?th. sse iane?aeie aeenoee?eoeyoi?ieo ?iceaae?a ?icaeaaany ia?eaaneoey?iee oa ?ioa?noeoe?aeueiee iaa?ye y?/iee?a, i?i ui na?ae/eee oaeiae aeai? e?euee?nii? ii?oiiao??? (oaaeeoey 3). Inoaii? aeacoaaee ia nooo?aa ca?eueoaiiy a?aeiinii? ieiu? no?iie e??eiai? ?a/iaeie c ii??aiyii c oie?eoey?iei eiiia?oiaioii.Oae, o aeine?ae? oeae iieaciee neeaa 48,9 ( 2,2 %, a o eiio?ie? 14,6 ( 0,9 % (? < 0,05), ui a?ao?/ii a?aeia?aaeaii ia iaethieo 1. Oaaeeoey 3 Ni?aa?aeiioaiiy a?aeiinieo ieiu oie?eoey?iiai eiiia?oiaioa, iaa??aeueii? no?iie ? i?ina?o?a aaiinoaeei o ii?i? oa a oiiaao aino?i? aenia?eiaioaeueii? aeeiaieueii? ?ioieneeaoe?? Na??? aeine?ae?a Iieacieee A?aeiinia ieiua oie?eoey?iiai eiiia?oiaioa ( %) A?aeiinia ieiua ?ioa?noeoe?y (%) A?aeiinia ieiua i?ina?o?a noaeei no?iie e??eiai? ?a/iaeie (%) Eiio?ieue 85,4 ( 1,0 14,6 ( 0,9 20,1 ( 1,8 Aino?a aeeiaieueia ?ioieneeaoe?y 51,1 ( 4,0 48, 9 ( 2,2 36,9( 2,3 ? < 0,05 < 0,05 < 0,05* *P - ca a?aeiioaiiyi aei noia?ii? ieiu? oie?eoey?iiai oa no?iiaeueiiai eiiia?oiaio?a. O ei?ioeee /aniaee ia??iae aieeao eaoaeueieo eiioeaio?aoe?e aeeiaieue ia anoeaaa aeeeeeaoe yeeo-iaaoaeue nooo?aeo ci?i a iaa??aeueiiio oie?eoeiaaiac?. I?e aino??e aeeiaieuei?e ?ioieneeaoe?? caaaeueia e?euee?noue oie?eoe?a neeaea 1900(27,3, a a eiio?ieuei?e na??? 1868( 9,12 (? < 0,05). AIOE - a?aeiinia ieiua oie?eoey?iiai eiiia?oiaioa AI? - a?aeiinia ieiua ?ioa?noeoe?y AIIN - a?aeiinia ieiua i?ina?oo noaeei no?iie e??eiai? ?a/iaeie AA? - aino?a aeeiaieueia ?ioieneeaoe?y Iae.1Ni?aa?aeiioaiiy a?aeiinii? ieiu? oie?eoey?iiai eiiia?oiaioa, ?ioa?noeoe?y oa a?aeiinii? ieiu? i?ina?oo noaeei no?iie e??eiai? ?a/iaeie (aino?ee aeine?ae). Noiniaii ae ?aaeoe?? ee?oeiieo aeaiaio?a iooei? niieo/ii? oeaieie no?iie, ia noai?e?ineii?/iiio ??ai? ie a?aecia/aee eiioeaio?aoe?th aeoeaii ooieoe?iioth/eo oeaieiieo aacio?e?a iiaeeco a?oa??ie, eai?ey??a ? aaioe. I/aaeaeii, nae?aoiaai? iiaieie ee?oeiaie a?ieia?/ii aeoeai? ?a/iaeie (a?noai?i, na?ioii?i oa ?i.), iineeththoue, ia??ai? c ae??th aoaiieo, ?iceaaee i?e?ioee?eoeyoe??. Aeyaeai? iaie i?e oeueiio o?a?iaeanoe ciaiooaaee “a?aeoio?oaaiiy” iie?iaioeaeieo eaioetha?a eieaaaio oa aeno?oc?th eiiiiiaio?a iniiaii? ?a/iaeie. Iiaeeeai, oea a?aeaoaaeinue c i?e/eie iaa?yeo niieo/ii? oeaieie, ci?ie ?? o?ceei-o?i?/ieo aeanoeainoae (a?ae?io?eueiino?, ?I oa ?i.) ? iaiiaeeeaino? caaa?oaiiy neeaaeaiiy aieieii ?c eieaaaiiaeo o?a?ee o i?aeee?oeiiiio i?inoi??. Ia iaoo aeoieo, aeyaeai? oeaieii?, ee?oeii? oa oa?iaioi? i?oai? no?iie, ia ye? ni?yiiaaia oiene/ia ae?y aoaiieo, ia i?aaiiniaoeeo?/i? aeey y?/iee?a, a ? caaaeueiith aeey an?o i?aai?a ?aaeoe??th. Aiae?coth/e iayaio c oeueiai ieoaiiy e?oa?aoo?o [A.N.Iaoeia n niaao.,1981, 1983, 1984], ie ia?aeiio?iinue o i?aaii??iino? oaei? aeoiee. I?ia?aeiei oaeoi?ii, ia iaoo aeoieo, a ?i?oe?aoe?? aeenooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio aaiinoaeei ? o?aaeaiiy aoaiieii aia?ainenoai ?oi?o ee?oei. O ae?oa?e na??? aeine?ae?a o eaai?aoi?ieo oaa?ei iiaeaethaaany noai o?ii?/ii? aeeiaieueii? ?ioieneeaoe??. I?e aiae?c? i?e?ii?aia?ao?a iaie a?aecia/aeenue yaeua no?iiaeueiiai iaa?yeo ia oii? ca?eueoaiiy oa ca?oa?iiy ?ioa?noeoe?aeueii? oeaieie. O e?ioe? ia?oiai i?nyoey niinoa?aaeaiue noaeeie no?iie, o oiio /ene? i?e?ioee?eoeyoi?iiai ?onea, caeeoaeenue ?icoe?aieie ? e?iaiiaiiaiaieie, ui a?aecia/aeinue ? i?e aino??e aeeiaieuei?e ?ioieneeaoe?. ?c ca?eueoaiiyi o?eaaeino? aeeiaie?caoe??, iniaeeai ia o?ueiio i?nyoe? aenia?eiaioo, o i?eeaae?e aei oie?eoe?a no?ii? niinoa??aaeenue iciaee iineeaiiai eieaaaiiooai?aiiy oa o?a?icoaaiiy, ui i?ecaaei aei o?a?ineeae?ioe/ii? o?ainoi?iaoe?? i?aaia. Noiauai? eieaaaiia? aieieia aoee ?ic'?aeiai? iaa?yeiaith ??aeeiith, eaaeaee i?ae aaia?aoeaieie aeaiaioaie oa oie?oaeenue o ciai?oith oaeo oie?eoe?a ye? ?icaeaathoueny oa aeiaoeo o?e. Noaeeiiee aanaei no?iiaeueieo ?aa?ii?a iaa aeaeyae ?aaeoeiaaiiai. O no?ieao a?eueoino? ae??aieo a?oa??e, aai a oaeiae a?oa??ie niinoa??aaeenue yaeua neea?ico oa a?ae?iico. I?e o?ii?/iiio aieeaia? aeeiaieth o aiiaae? oi?ioaaeenue ? cae??iethaaeenue ii?oieia?/i? ia?aaeoiiae aeey a?eueo aeeaieeo ?iceaae?a aiiainoaco ia o?eueee o no?ii?, aea ? o oie?eoey?ieo ?aa?iiao. sse iieacaa ii?oiiao?e/iee aiae?c a y?/ieeao i?aeaeine?aeieo oaa?ei niinoa??aaeanue caaaeueia oaiaeaioe?y aei nei?i/aiiy aaniethoiiai ai?noo e?eueeino? oie?eoe?a ? aeiaoeo o?e. Oae, caaaeueiee oie?eoey?iee ?aca?a y?/iee?a a oiiaao o?ii?/ii? aeeiaieueii? ?ioieneeaoe?? i?ioyaii 1 i?nyoey neeaaeae 520 (10,4, o oie /an ye o eiio?ie? aei??aithaaa 1868(9,1. Eieeaaiiy ae /enaeueiino? oie?eoe?a i?ioyaii 3-12 i?nyoe?a aeeiaieueii? ?ioieneeaoe?? aa??thaaei o i?ii?aeeo a?ae 220,4 aei 260,9(13,7 (i?e ?(0,05). Oi/a iaiao?aeii cacia/eoe, ui o i?aea?oiao aeua aeacaieo na??e (3-12 i?nyoe?a) a?aecia/aeanue cia/ia ?aaeoeoe?y ioea o?aoeiieo (i?aiaoeyoi?ieo) oie?eoe?a, o oie /an ye ioee iiia?aaei?o noaae?e ?icaeoeo nooo?ai ia ci?ithaaeenue. O i?aea?oi? o?ei?ny/ii? ?ioieneeaoe?? e?euee?noue o?aoeiieo oie?eoe?a neeaea 4,1(1,3, a o oa?i?i niinoa?aaeaiiy 8 i?nyoe?a 1,1(0,03. Ine?eueee oie?eoee oeeo noaae?e ?icaeoeo aiiaaeio?ii?icaeaaei?, iiaeia aaaaeaoe, ui ci?ie aeoeaiino? ?oiueiai ooai?aiiy a y?/ieeo, a oaeiae ?aaeoeoe?y caaaeueiiai /enea oie?eoe?a, ni?e/eiai? ia o?eueee i?noeaaei iani?eyoeeaei aieeaii o?ii?/ii? aeeiaie?caoe??, aea ? ?? iaaaoeaiith ae??th ia no?oeoo?o oeaio?aeueii? ia?aiai? nenoaie, cie?aia – ia a?iioaeaii – a?iio?ca?io nenoaio, yea ?aaoeth? ooieoe?iiaeueiee noai y?/iee?a (O.A. Ai?iaay, 1993, J.M. Phillips, 1982(. Aiaeia?/ia oaiaeaioe?y, ye iaie anoaiiaeaii, i?inoaaeoaaeanue o ioe? aeiaoeo o?e. Iaeneiaeueia ?oiy e?euee?noue (5,4(0,4) niinoa??aaeanue o uo??a, ye? io?eioaaee aoaiie i?ioyaii iaeiiai i?nyoey. Iaaooue, oea aoee caa?aaeai? a?ae iiia?aaeiueiai oeeeeo aeiao? o?ea. Ia e?iaoeue 3-ai i?nyoey aenia?eiaioo aeiao? o?ea a y?/ieeao oaeiae caa??aaeenue, aea o iaio?e e?eueeino?, i?ae o y?/ieeao oaa?ei, ye? io?eioaaee aeeiaieue i?ioyaii 1 i?nyoey. Oae, o i?aea?oi? o?ii?/ii? aeeiaieueii? ?ioieneeaoe?? 6 i?nyoe?a oeeo?iaee iieaciee neeaa 1,5(0,02, i?e cia/aii? eiio?ieth 15,5(1,8. Iayai? caeice oaeiae iaee caa?aaeaiee aeaeyae ? aeaiiino?oaaee iciaee aeoeaiiai noa?i?aei?iaeoeiaaiiai noaio, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeoaaeinue oeueo?ano?oeoo?iei aiae?cii. I/aaeaeii, aeeiaieueia o?aaeaiiy oeaio?aeueieo ? ia?eoa?e/ieo ia?aiaeo ?aaoeyoi?ieo no?oeoo? iano?eueee aeeaiea, ui a?aeaoaa?oueny aeieoaaiiy iaoai?ci?a (ianaiia?aae – nae?aoe?? oie?eoeinoeioethth/iai ai?iiio), ye? o ii?i? ni?e/eiythoue ?aa?an?? aeiaoeo o?e oa ?i?oe?aoe?th iiai? oaee? iaeiai oa aaeeeiai oie?eoey?iiai ?inoo a y?/ieeao. O an?o oa?i?iao oe??? na??? aeine?ae?a a?aecia/aeanue cia/ia aeoeaaoe?y ao?aoe/iiai i?ioeano ye ca oeiii oi?ioaaiiy ao?aoe/ieo o?e, oae ? c i?aeaeuaiei ooai?aiiyi oie?eoey?ieo e?no. Ao?aoe/i? o?ea iaee ??ci? ?ici??e, aea iaeiaeiai aenie? iciaee noa?i?aeii? aeoeaiino?. Ia na?oeiiioe/iiio ??ai? ?oi? ee?oeie aeaeyaeaee aaeeeeie, iie?aiiaeueieie, c? na?oeeie yae?aie oa aaeoie?ciaaiith oeeoiieaciith. A?noio?i?/ia ?aaeoe?y ia eeth/iaee oa?iaio noa?i?aeiiai neioaco 3-(- ie - noa?i?aeaeaa?ae?ia?iaco (3-(-ie NAeA) aeyaeyea aenieee ai?no oeueiai aiceio a aiaeie?eiioeeoao ao?aoe/ieo o?e ? no?iie. O ii?i? a y?/ieeao eaai?aoi?ieo a?ecoi?a ?ioa?noeoe?aeueia oeaieia a?ae?a?a? aaaeeeao ?ieue o i?aeo?eioe? aioo??oiueiaiiaaeiiai oa aeno?ai?aaiiaiai ai?iiiaeueiiai aiiainoaco. ?? oa?aeoa?eco? aeniea aeoeai?noue oa?iaio?a noa?i?aeiiai neioaco (Aieeiaa I.A., 1983(. sse iieacothoue ?acoeueoaoe iaoeo aeine?aeaeaiue, a oiiaao o?ii?/ii? aeeiaieueii? ?ioieneeaoe?? ?ioa?noeoe?aeueia oeaieia y?/iee?a ?aaao? ae?aaeaiith a?ia?o?io??th, ?? ee?oeie i?aeaeuaii ooieoe?iiaeueii aeoeai?, ai?uothoue aaeee? e?eueeino? 3-(- ie - NAeA. Ia cia/io aeoeai?noue iaoaaie?/ieo i?ioean?a o ee?oeiao ao?aoe/ieo o?e oa ?ioa?noeoe?aeueii? oeaieie y?/iee?a aeaco? aeyaeaia iaie i?aeaeuaia aeoeai?noue AOO-ace o ee?oeiao noaeei ? aiaeie?eiioeeoao no?oeoo?, ui ?icaeyaeathoueny. Aeai? ii?oiiao??? aeyaeee, ui ?c ca?eueoaiiyi oa?i?io aeeiaie?caoe?? o na?aaeei? i?aea?oi, ye? ?icaeyaeaeenue, a?aecia/aeinue ca?eueoaiiy /enaeueiino? ao?aoe/ieo oie?eoe?a ia oii? ?aaeoeoe?? ii?iaeieiieo ? iaii?iaeieiieo oie?eoey?ieo ioe?a. sse aeaeii ?c oaaeeoe? 4, o i?aea?oi? o?ii?/ii? aeeiaieueii? ?ioieneeaoe?? 12 i?nyoe?a e?euee?noue ii?iaeieiieo ao?aoe/ieo oie?eoe?a neeaea 81,3% (o eiio?ie? 65,2%), a iaii?iaeieiieo ao?aoe/ieo oie?eoe?a 60,5% (o eiio?ie? 21,8%). E?noici?e o?ainoi?iaoe?? i?aeaeaaaeenue, caaaeii, aio?aeuei? oie?eoee na?aaei?o ? aaeeeeo ?ici???a, o oie /an ye iae? aio?aeuei? oa iaii?iaeieii? oie?eoee o?ainoi?ioaaeenue o ao?aoe/i? oie?eoee. Oaaeeoey 4 E?euee?noue ao?aoe/ieo oie?eoe?a o y?/ieeao a?eeo uo??a o ??ci? oa?i?ie aeeiaie?caoe?? (i?ioeaio aeacaii ca a?aeiioaiiyi aei caaaeueii? e?eueeino? oie?eoe?a ona?aaeei? i?aea?oie). . Na??? aeine?ae?a Ii?iaeieii? % Ao?ao Iaii?iaeieii? % Ao?ao. ii?iaeuei? ao?aoe/. ii?iaeuei? ao?aoe/. Eiio?ieue 115,4(1,2 215,5(1,0 65 1201,3(3,1 318,1(1,1 21 1 i?nyoeue 14,7(1,8 28,3(3,1 66 388,3(6,3 94,4(5,7 20 3 i?nyoe? 4,8 (1,3 10,9(1,4 70 139,1(8,4 92,6(11,3 40 6 i?nyoe?a 3,1(1,1 7,9(1,4 72 127,2(5,3 99,8(7,1 44 8 i?nyoe?a 3,1(1,7 9,1(2,2 74 127,2(3,1 117,5(1,3 48 12 i?nyoe?a 2,0(1,7 9,1(1,4 81 83,9(5,9 125,8(7,1 60 E?noe iae/ano?oa neeaaeaeenue c aeaio iaieiiie: oie?eoey?ii? (ethi?iaeueiee oa?, yeee aoa ooiauaiee) ? oaeaeueii?. A?noio?i?/i? iciaee noa?i?aeiiaaiii? aeoeaiino? o oie?eoey?ieo e?noao aeaiiino?oaaee eeoa oaeaoeeoe ciai?oiuei? iaieiiee. C iiceoe?e no/anieo oyaeaiue oea iiaeia iiynieoe: aai ianoa/ath aaiiiinoa/aiiy oie?eoey?ieo ?aa?ii?a aiane?aeie aeeiaie?caoe??, ui i?ecaiaeeoue aei iaaeinoaoiueiai ooai?aiiy o oie?eoeao ano?aae?ieo – i?e?iaeiiai iaoaaaio ? i?iiioi?o iaoeyoe??; aai iaaaoeaiith ae??th o?ii?/ii? aeeiaieueii? ?ioieneeaoe?? ia a?iioaeaii-a?iio?ca?i? oeaio?e, ui i?ecaiaeeoue aei ii?ooaiiy oii?/ii? oa oeeee?/ii? nae?aoe?? aiiaaeio?ii?i?a – aio?aeuei? oie?eoee ia io?eiothoue ?aaoeyoi?ieo noeioe?a a ia?ac? aiiaaeio?ii?i?a ? ia?aoai?ththoueny o e?noe. O oie?eoeao, ye? aeic??aathoue, a?aecia/aeenue iciaee i?ia?aneaii? ao?ac??. Ie niinoa??aaee aeaoi?iaoe?th oie?eoe?a, ye? ?inoooue, ia?aae/anio ethoa?i?caoe?th ee?oei oie?eoey?iiai ai?oae?th, iioiauaiiy ciie i?ici?i? iaieiiee. A?noio?i?/iee oano ia iayai?noue 3-(-ie NAeA o oie?eoeioeeoao ? ia, ?eoeaiei e?eoa???i aeey aeyaeaiiy ia?oiii/aoeiaeo iciae ao?ac??. 3-(-ie NAeA ? eeth/iaei oa?iaioii noa?i?aeaaaiaco, cae?nithth/ei ia?aoai?aiiy i?aaiaiaeiio o i?iaanoa?ii. Ianooiiei aoaiii ? eiiaa?n?y i?iaanoa?iio a aiae?iaaie. I/aaeaeii, ui oie?eoeioeeoe i?e ianiaiio ia?aoiae? a ao?ac?th ao?a/athoue naith a?iiaoacio aeoeai?noue (o ii?i? aiie a?iiaoecothoue aiae?iaaie, ye? o?ainoi?iothoueny o niieo/iioeaieiieo iaieiieao oie?eoe?a o ano?iaaie) ?, iaeiie/oth/e 3-(-ie NAeA, ii/eiathoue aeoeaiee neioac aiae?iaai?a (A.I. Niaoiee, E.A. Ooieeiae/,1995(. Oaeei /eiii, a oiiaao o?ii?/ii? aeeiaieueii? ?ioieneeaoe?? a y?/ieeao ?icaeaathoueny ae?aaeai? ci?ie i?ioean?a oie?eoeiaaiaco. Aiane?aeie aeoeaaoe?? ao?ac?? a aiiaaeao anoia?a/ a?eo ?ai?iaeoeoeaiiai ?icoea?oo cia/ii ?aaeoeo?oueny oie?eoey?iee oiiae. Nooi?iue ?aaeoeoe??, a oaeiae ciaioaiiy /enaeueiino? ie?aieo ioe?a oie?eoe?a i?yii i?iii?oe?eii caeaaeaoue a?ae o?eaaeino? o?ii?/ii? aeeiaieueii? ?ioieneeaoe??. Aeoea?caoe?y ao?ac?? ? noi?ia?aeia ?e a?ia?o?io?y ? ethoa?i?caoe?y no?iiaeueii? ?io?anoeoe?aeueii? oeaieie ?aae?co?oueny a ci?i? aioo??oiueiiaa??aeueiiai ai?iiiaeueiiai aaeaino, ii?ooaii? aooi- ? ia?ae?eiii? ?aaoeyoe?? oie?eoeiaaiaco. C?noaaeyth/e ?acoeueoaoe aeine?ae?a a oiiaao o?ii?/ii? aeeiaieueii? ?ioieneeaoe?? c iniaeeainoyie a?noino?oeoo?e y?/iee?a ae?iie, ye? iiia?ee a?ae aeeiaieueii? ?ioieneeaoe??, iiaeia i?inoaaeeoe ye ieceo ia?aeaeae, oae ? aeaye? a?aei?iiino?. sse ? a aenia?eiaioaeueiiio iaoa??ae?, i?aeoe/ii an? iaaaaaoi/eneaii? oie?eoee, ye? aaeaaaeinue niinoa??aaoe a y?/ieeao ae?iie oe??? eaoaai???, ianee o nia? iciaee ao?ac?? – a?ae ?i?oe?aeueieo aei yne?aai ae?aaeaieo. ?c iayaieo (o ii??aiyii? ??aeeeo aeiaaeeao) aio?aeueieo oie?eoe?a ii?iaeueieo i?aeoe/ii ia aoei – aiie o?ainoi?ioaaeenue o e?noiiiae?ai? no?oeoo?e. ?acii c oei ethoa?i?caoe?? ee?oei ?io?anoeoe?aeueii? oeaieie, ia a?aei?io a?ae aenia?eiaioaeueiiai iaoa??aeo, ia niinoa??aaeinue. Oea caeiiii??ii, ine?eueee o o?c?ieia?/ieo oiiaao, ia a?aei?io a?ae uo??a, o ethaeeie ?ioa?noeoe?aeueia aiaeie?eiia oeaieia ia ?icaeiaia ? iniiaieie aeaea?aeaie noaoaaeo ai?iii?a o y?/ieeao ? o?eueee ao?aoe/i? oie?eoee (O.A.Ai?iaay, 1993; J.M. Phillips, 1982(. No?iio e??eiai? ?a/iaeie y?/iee?a ae?iie c o?ii?/iith aeeiaieueiith ?ioieneeaoe??th oa?aeoa?ecoaaee iciaee neea?ico ? o?a?icoaaiiy. Niinoa?aaeoaai? eieaaaiia? aieieia a?oioaaeenue o oiano? io/ee, ye? eaaeaee o i?aeoie?eoey?iiio i?inoi?? ? ia?aoiaeeee o niieo/io oeaieio ciai?oiuei? oaee aoi?eiieo ? o?aoeiieo oie?eoe?a, a oaeiae oie?eoey?ieo e?no. Oeae iieaciee ia aoa a?aecia/aiee ia i?e?ii?aia?aoao eiio?ieth. *anoi aieieia aoee ?icnoiai? iaa?yeeith ??aeeiith.Ooo aea ae?acii aecia/aeenue iciaee ia?eaaneoey?iiai iaa?yeo no?iie ? ciai?oiuei? oaee oie?eoe?a, ui aeic??aathoue. Noaeeiiee aanaei no?iie e??eiai? ?a/iaeie, o oiio /ene? eiai i?e?ioee?eoeyoi?iee eiiiiiaio, iii?oii ?aaeoeoaaany o ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieueiith na???th. Niinoa?aaeoaai? noaeeie, ye i?aaeei, aoee c iciaeaie a?ae?iico no?iee. sse o iieiaeeo, oae ? ae?iie, ui noa??thoue, i?ina?oe ?icaaeoaeaiue y?/ieeiai? a?oa??? aoee caoaeai? ?c-ca iioiauaiiy no?iee a?ae?iiaeie ianaie, ui, i/aaeaeii, oo?oaeithaaei ? ciaiooaaei i?eieea e?ia? aei ie?aieo ?aa?ii?a oeaieie y?/iee?a, ye no?iiaeueieo, oae ? ia?aio?iaoicieo. Ia?aeaeueii o oeae i?ioean ooyaoaaeanue aaiicia eaiea no?iie, yea caaacia/o? a?aeo?e e?ia? a?ae aa?i?iaoeaieo aeaiaio?a iaa??aeueii? caeice (aaioee ? ae??ai? a?ie). Ia a?aei?io a?ae aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo ?aaeoe?y no?iie aiiaae ethaeeie aeyaeyeanue o aeaeyae? ia?oa?iiy aieieienoeo aeaiaio?a, o?a?icoaaiiy ? a?ae?iico noaeeiieo no?iie. Oe? ii?oieia?/i? iciaee aaaaeathoueny oa?aeoa?ieia?/ieie aeey aiiaae ae?iie iioeeiai a?eo (A.I.Niaoiee, E.A. Ooieeiae/, 1995(. ?icaeaathoueny aiie aiane?aeie ai?iiiaeueieo ia?aaoaeia o ia??iae iaiiiaoce. Iiaeia i?eioneaoe, ui a oiiaao o?ii?/ii? aeeiaieueii? ?ioieneeaoe?? aeieeathoue aiaeia?/i? aeenai?iiiaeuei? noaie, ui i?ecaiaeyoue aei oae caaiiai ia?aae/aniiai noa??iiy y?/iee?a. Aaaeei ae??oeoe, ui ? ia?aeiiei o eiiieaen? aeyaeaieo iaie ii?oieia?/ieo ci?i o y?/ieeao ethaeeie – ii?ooaiiy oie?eoeiaaiaco /e no?iiaeuei? ci?ie. Iaeiae, i/aaeaeii, ui ni?e/eiai? aeeiaie?caoe??th ci?ie no?iie, i?yeei /eiii ia iiaeooue ni?eyoe ii?iaeueiiio aeic??aaiith oie?eoe?a ? caaeainiaaiiio iaa??aeueiiio ai?iiiiiiaco. AENIIAEE I?e aino?iio io?o?ii? aoaiieii o aenia?eiaio? o noaoaaiaeic??eeo naieoeue a?eeo uo??a aeyaey?oueny aeaci?aai?caoe?y ee?oeiieo ? aieieienoeo eiiiiiaio?a no?iie y?/ieea ia oii? aaiii?e?ioee?eoeyoi?ieo ?iceaae?a. I?e oeueiio oiene/iee aoaeo aeeiaieth i?iyaey?oueny o?aaeaiiyi i?oioiiae??e aiaeioae?ioeeo?a, aeaaeeeo i?ioeeo?a ? aaeaaioeoe?aeueieo ee?oei noaeei i?e?ioee?eoeyoi?iiai ?onea. Ia?aaaaeia ?aaeoe?y no?iie y?/ieea a oiiaao aino?iai io?o?iiy aoeeiaei nie?oii ia ? i?aaiiniaoeeo?/iith, a a?aeiia?aea? aiaeia?/iei ci?iai no?iiaeueieo aeaiaio?a ?ioeo a?noea?aeueieo i?aai?a. Ci?ie o oie?eoey?iiio eiiia?oiaio? y?/iee?a ia aeyaeai?, ui, i/aaeaeii, coiiaeaii ei?ioei/ani?noth aenia?eiaioaeueiiai aieeao aoaiieo. O?ii?/ia aeeiaieueia ?ioieneeaoe?y o a?eeo uo??a noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny ?iceaaeaie oie?eoeiaaiaco ?, a?aeiia?aeii, neioaco noaoaaeo noa?i?ae?a o y?/ieeao. A iniia? oeeo yaeu eaaeeoue ia o?eueee eieaeueii ooeiaeaeaiee aieea aeeiaieth ia iaa??aeueio caeico, aea ? a?aoiaoth/e iaeo?ioiene/iee aoaeo aoaiieo, aieea eiai ia oeaio?aeuei? eaiee ?aaoeyoe?? ?ai?iaeoeoeaii? noia?nenoaie. Ae?aci?noue ia?aio?iaoicii-no?iiaeueieo ci?i o y?/ieeo caeaaeeoue a?ae oa?i?i?a o?ii?/ii? aeeiaieueii? ?ioieneeaoe??. Aieea aeeiaieth aei e?ioey ia?oiai i?nyoey aenia?eiaioo ni?e/eiy? nooo?ao ?aaeoeoe?th caaaeueiiai oie?eoey?iiai ?aca?ao aiiaae o ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieai, i?ioa, iaoeyoi?i? iioaioe?? caa??aathoueny ia iaaiiio ??ai?. Aeeiaieueia ?ioieneeaoe?y i?ioyaii 3-12 i?nyoe?a cia/ii cieaeo? caaaeueio e?euee?noue oie?eoe?a, o oiio /ene? i?aiaoeyoi?ieo, a oaeiae ? aeiaoeo o?e, ui na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui ooo ?icaeaa?oueny no?eeee a?iiiaoeyoi?iee noai i?aaia. ?aaeoe?y no?iiaeueieo aeaiaio?a iaa??aeueii? caeice i?e o?ii?/i?e aeeiaieuei?e ?ioieneeaoe?? nii/aoeo aeyaey?oueny ia?aaaaeii ia?eaaneoey?iei oa ?ioa?noeoe?aeueiei iaa?yeii ? i?ia?anoth/eie oee?eoeyoi?ieie ?iceaaeaie c ii?oieia?/iith ea?oeiith aeeiaieueii? i?e?iaia?iiao??, a ?c ca?eueoaiiyi oa?i?i?a aeeiaie?caoe?? aei 12 i?nyoe?a i?ia?anoth/? ?iceaaee o?a?eeiaaiaco i?ecaiaeyoue aei niieo/iioeaieiii? aeaoi?iaoe?? i?aaia. A oiiaao o?ii?/ii? aeeiaieueii? ?ioieneeaoe?? a?ia?o?io?y no?iiaeueieo ?ioa?noeoe?aeueieo aiaeie?eiioeeo?a, ca?eueoaiiy e?eueeino? ao?aoe/ieo oie?eoe?a ? ao?aoe/ieo o?e, a oaeiae oie?eoey?ieo e?no na?ae/eoue i?i ii?ooaiiy iaa??aeueiiai ai?iiiiiiaco ca oeiii a?ia?aiae?iaai??. A y?/ieeao ae?iie, ye? o?ii?/ii aaeeaaee aeeiaieue /e iiia?ee a?ae io?o?iiy aeeiaieai, niinoa??aathoueny ii?oieia?/i? iciaee no?eeiai a?iiiaoeyoi?iiai noaoono, ui aiaeia?/ii aeenii?oiaaiaoe/iei ?iceaaeai o uo??a a oiiaao o?ii?/ii? aeeiaieueii? ?ioieneeaoe??. 8.No?iio y?/iee?a ae?iie, ye? ceiaaeeaaee aeeiaieai oa?aeoa?ecothoue yaeua ia?eaaneoey?iiai ? ?ioa?noeoe?aeueiiai neea?ico aae aei o?a?icii? o?ainoi?iaoe?? i?aaia, c ina?aaeeaie ae?aaeaiiai a?ae?iico, ui oa?aeoa?ii aeey ii?oieia?/ii? ea?oeie neiae?iio aeniaaeaiiy y?/iee?a. Niinoa?aaeoaai? no?iiaeueii-ia?aio?iaoici? ci?ie y?/iee?a uo??a i?e o?eaaeeo oa?i?iao o?ii?/ii? aeeiaieueii? ?ioieneeaoe?? ei?aeththoue c ii?oieia?/ieie aeyaeie oeueiai neiae?iio o ae?iie. ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueieo ? naeoe?eii ii?oieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue y?/iee?a i?e aeeiaieueieo ?ioieneeaoe?yo na?ae/aoue i?i iani?eyoeeaee aieea aoeeiaiai nie?oo ia ?ai?iaeoeoeio nenoaio ? cieaeaiiy oa?oeeueiiai iioaioe?aeo ae?ii/iai i?aai?cio. NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??: 1.Aaeiaeoeeee I.A., Aaaaiei A.A., A?eoei A.E. Ii?oieiae/aneay ioeaiea ye/ieeia aaeuo e?un a oneiaeyo ino?ie aeeiaieueiie eioieneeaoeee // Aii?inu oai?ee e i?aeoeee noaeaaii-iaaeeoeeineie yenia?oecu. – Caii?iaeuea. – 1995. – N. 138–139. 2. Aaaaiei A.A., ?iianeaae/ TH.A., Ii?icia E.N., Iaoaeaiei I.I., Aaeiaeoeeee I.A., Aoaaaiei I.A., Aeue I. Aeaeaiaeue, Ne?aaeiaa I.TH. Iaeioi?ua aii?inu ii?oi- e i?aaiiaaiaca a noaeaaii-yenia?oiie e eeeie/aneie i?aeoeea // I?iaeaiu, aeinoeaeaiey e ia?niaeoeau ?acaeoey iaaeeei-aeieiae/aneeo iaoe e i?aeoe/aneiai cae?aaiio?aiaiey: O?oaeu E?uiiaae.einoeoooa – O.131. – Neioa?iiieue. – 1995. – N. 61–65. 3. Aaeiaeoeeee I.A. E ii?oieiaee ye/ieeia i?e ino?ie aeeiaieueiie eioieneeaoeee // Aeooaeueii ieoaiiy ii?oiaaiaco. – *a?iiaoei. – 1996. – N. 33–34. 4. Aaaaiei A.A., Ai?iaay O.A., Aaeiaeoeeee I.A. Ii?oieiae/aneea eciaiaiey a ye/ieeao i?e ino?uo e o?iie/aneeo aeeiaieueiuo eioieneeaoeeyo // I?iaeaiu, aeinoeaeaiey e ia?niaeoeau ?acaeoey iaaeeei-aeieiae/aneeo iaoe e i?aeoe/aneiai cae?aaiio?aiaiey: O?oaeu E?uiiaae.einoeoooa – O. 132, /.1. – Neioa?iiieue, 1996. – N .126–129. 5. Aaeiaeoeeee I.A. E ii?oieiaee ye/ieeia i?e ino?ie aeeiaieueiie eioieneeaoeee (yenia?eiaioaeueiia enneaaeiaaiea) // I?iaeaiu, aeinoeaeaiey e ia?niaeoeau ?acaeoey iaaeeei-aeieiae/aneeo iaoe e i?aeoe/aneiai cae?aaiio?aiaiey: O?oaeu E?uiiaae.einoeoooa – O. 132, /.1. – Neioa?iiieue, 1996. – N. 81–83. 6. Aaaaiei A.A., Aaeiaeoeeee I.A., Ne?aaeiaa I.TH., Ii?icia E.N., ?iianeaae/ TH.A., E?aa/aiei E.I.. Iaoaeaiei I.I., Eooeaaie N.A., Eaeeaa?aeaiei A.A., Eo?/ A.I.. Iuiei E.E. E aii?ino ii?oi- e i?aaiiaaiaca aenoea?aeueiie iaoieiaee i?e aeeiaieueiuo eioieneeaoeeyo // Iaoeiai caienee: ui?i/iee. – Ee?a. – 1997. – Aei. 1. – N. 29–30. 7. Aaeiaeoeeee I.A. Aenoioeie/aneea eciaiaiey oeaie ye/ieeia aaeuo e?un i?e o?iie/aneie aeeiaieueiie eioieneeaoeee // I?iaeaiu, aeinoeaeaiey e ia?niaeoeau ?acaeoey iaaeeei-aeieiae/aneeo iaoe e i?aeoe/aneiai cae?aaiio?aiaiey: O?oaeu E?uiiaae.oieaa?neoaoa – O. 134, /.2. – Neioa?iiieue,1998. – C. 85–89. AIIOAOe?ss A?eiaeoeueeee I.A. Ii?oi-ooieoe?iiaeueia ioe?iea y?/iee?a a oiiaao aeeiaieueieo ?ioieneeaoe?e (aenia?eiaioaeueia ? naeoe?eii-ii?oieia?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy). – ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe c? niaoe?aeueiino? 14.03.01 – ii?iaeueia aiaoii?y. E?einueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i. N.?. Aai?a??anueeiai, i. N?ioa?iiieue, 1999. Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia aea/aiith ii?oi-ooieoe?iiaeueieo ci?i i?e aino?eo ? o?ii?/ieo aeeiaieueieo ?ioieneeaoe?yo. Ia iniia? ii?oi-ooieoe?iiaeueiiai aiae?co y?/iee?a aenia?eiaioaeueieo oaa?ei (a?eeo uo?ao) ? o?oi?a in?a ae?ii/i? noao? ?ai?iaeoeoeaiiai a?eo, ye? iaee aeinoia??iee aeeiaieueiee eaoaiiac, aecia/ai? ei?aeyoe?ei? ca'ycee oa i?iaaaeai? c?noaaeaiiy ci?i y?/iee?a a oiiaao aino?iai io?o?iiy aoaiieii ? o?eaaeiai aieeao aoeeiaiai nie?oo. Aeyaeaia cieaeaiiy caaaeueii? e?eueeino? oie?eoe?a oa iciaee niieo/iioeaieiii? o?ainoi?iaoe?? i?aaia na?ae/aoue i?i ?icaeoie no?eeiai a?iiiaoeyoi?iiai noaoona. Eeth/ia? neiaa: y?/iee, aeeiaieueia ?ioieneeaoe?y, ii?oieia?y. AIIIOAOeEss Aaeiaeoeeee I.A. Ii?oi-ooieoeeiiaeueiay ioeaiea ye/ieeia a oneiaeyo aeeiaieueiuo eioieneeaoeee (yenia?eiaioaeueiia e naeoeeiiii-ii?oieiae/aneia enneaaeiaaiea). – ?oeiienue aeenna?oaoeee ia nieneaiea iao/iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeeoeeineeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14.03.01 – ii?iaeueiay aiaoiiey. – E?uineee Ainoaea?noaaiiue iaaeeoeeineee oieaa?neoao ei. N.E.Aai?aeaaneiai, a. Neioa?iiieue, 1999. Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia eco/aieth ii?oi-ooieoeeiiaeueiuo eciaiaiee ye/ieeia i?e ino?uo e o?iie/aneeo aeeiaieueiuo eioieneeaoeeyo ia yenia?eiaioaeueiii (aaeua e?unu) e naeoeeiiiii iaoa?eaea (o?oiu eeoe aeaineiai iiea ?ai?iaeoeoeaiiai aic?anoa). Yenia?eiaioaeueiua enneaaeiaaiey iieacaee, /oi i?e ino?ii io?aaeaiee yoeeiaui nie?oii auyaeyaony aeaci?aaiecaoeey eeaoi/iuo e aieieienouo eiiiiiaioia no?iiu ye/ieea ia oiia aaiiiee?ioee?eoeyoi?iuo ?anno?ienoa. A iniiaa iaaethaeaaiuo yaeaiee eaaeeo ii?aaeaiea yia?ainenoai yoeo ninoaeia. Eciaiaiee a oieeeeoey?iii eiiia?oiaioa ye/ieeia ia auyaeyaony, /oi iaoneiaeaii e?aoeia?aiaiiinoueth aicaeaenoaey yoaiiea. O?iie/aneay aeeiaieueiay eioieneeaoeey o yenia?eiaioaeueiuo aeeaioiuo nii?iaiaeaeaaony ?anno?ienoaaie oieeeeoeiaaiaca, a iniiaa eioi?uo eaaeao eae eieaeueiia iia?aaeaeathuaa aeaenoaea aeeiaiey, oae e ia?ooaiea oeaio?aeueiuo caaiueaa ?aaoeyoeee ?ai?iaeoeoeaiie noia?nenoaiu. Aeeeoaeueiia aicaeaenoaea yoaiiea nieaeaao iauaa eiee/anoai oieeeeoeia, a oii /enea i?aiaoeyoii?iuo, aeaeouo oae, /oi naeaeaoaeuenoaoao i noieeii aeiiiaoeyoi?iii ninoiyiee i?aaia. ?aaeoeey no?iiaeueiuo yeaiaioia naiaeeony e ?anno?ienoaai oea?eeeiaaiaca e i?eaiaeeo e niaaeeieoaeueiioeaiiie o?ainoi?iaoeee ye/ieeia. A ye/ieeao aeaiuei, no?aaeathueo o?iie/aneei aeeiaieeciii e iiaeaoeo io ino?iai io?aaeaiey aeeiaieai, iaaethaeathony i?eciaee noieeiai aeiiiaoeyoi?iiai noaoona, /oi aiaeiae/ii aeenii?oiaaiaoe/aneei ?anno?ienoaai o e?un a oneiaeyo o?iie/aneie aeeiaieueiie eioieneeaoeee. ?acoeueoaou i?iaaaeaiiiai enneaaeiaaiey naeaeaoaeuenoaotho i iaaeaaii?eyoiii aicaeaenoaee yoeeiaiai nie?oa ia ?ai?iaeoeoeaioth nenoaio e nieaeaiee oa?oeeueiiai iioaioeeaea aeaineiai i?aaiecia. Eeth/aaua neiaa: ye/iee, aeeiaieueiay eioieneeaoeey, ii?oieiaey. SUMMARY Belovitsky O.V. “Morpho-functional evaluation in the conditions of alcoholic intoxication (experimental and sectional-morphological study). Manuscript. Disseration for obtaining Scientific Degree of Candidate of Medical Sciences for speciality 14.03.01 – Normal Anatomy. Crimean State Medical University named after S.I. Georgievsky. Simferopol, 1999. Dissertation is devoted to the study of morfo-functional changes of ovaries in acute and chronic alcoholic intoxications. On the basis of morpho-functional analysis of ovaries on experimental animals (white rats) and female corpses of reproductive age having authentic alcoholic catamnesis correlated associations have been found and comparisons of changes in ovaries in the conditions of acute intoxication by ethanol and continions action of spirtus aethylicus were made. The signs of stable hypoovulatory status displaying in common amout of follicules decreasing and connective tissue of organs transformation have been found out. Key words: ovary; alcoholic intoxication; morphology. Aaoi? aeneiaeth? ue?o iiaeyeo aeaaeai?eia? ?AII, aeieoi?ia? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?ia?, caa?aeoth/?e eaoaae?e a?noieia?? oa aia??ieia?? iaae?ao?e/iiai oaeoeueoaoo ?in?enueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo Aieeia?e Ieuec? Aanee?ai?; aeieoi?ia? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?ia? eaoaae?e a?noieia?? oa aia??ieia?? iaae?ao?e/iiai oaeoeueoaoo ?in?enueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo Ai?ia?e Oaoyi? Aaiiaae??ai? ca iaioe?iaiio eiinoeueoaoeaio oa iaoiaee/io aeiiiiiao i?ae /an aeeiiaiiy oe??? ?iaioe. PAGE 4

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