Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao

?iai? I.I. Aiaiiieueoey

OAeE 617-089+616.155.34:576:31

OOIANIAA Eaoa?eia Iao??aia

II?OI-OOIEOe?IIAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA

IENEAeAIOII? AEOEAIINO? IAEO?IO?EUeIEO A?AIOEIOeEO?A E?IA?

14.03.09 — a?noieia?y, oeeoieia?y, aia??ieia?y

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy

iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa a?ieia?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?inoeooo? ee?i?/ii? oa aenia?eiaioaeueii? o??o?a?? AII
Oe?a?ie, i. Ee?a.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe Aiiieyei ??eia Aieiaeeie??aia.
?inoeooo ee?i?/ii? oa aenia?eiaioaeueii? o??o?a?? AII Oe?a?ie, caa.
eaai?aoi???th iaoiii?oieia?? ? oeeoieia??.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? a?ieia?/ieo iaoe Noa/aiei Ethaeieea
Ieaenaiae??aia. Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i.
I.I.Aiaiiieueoey, caa. eaai?aoi???th aeaeo?iiii? i?e?ineii?? .

Aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, Aieaiaa E?ae?y Naaanoueyi?aia. Oe?a?inueeee
iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee ?inoeooo iieieia?? ? ?aae?ieia??, aaaeo/ee iaoeiaee
ni?a?ia?oiee iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? eaai?aoi??? oeeoieia?/ii? ae?aaiinoeee.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Oa?uee?anueeee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 02.09. 1998.

i __13:30 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae
26.003.04 i?e Iaoe?iiaeueiiio iaaee/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?i. Aiaiiieueoey
(252057, i.Ee?a, i?iniaeo Ia?aiiae, 34).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue a a?ae?ioaoe? Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo (252057,Ee?a, aoe. Ciieia?/ia, 1,
noiiaoieia?/iee ei?ion)

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “07” 07 .1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

i?ioani? A.A.*a?eania

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

ANOOI

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Iaeo?io?euei? a?aioeioeeoe (IA) — oaaioeeooth/?
ee?oeie, ye? iaeaaeaoue aei iaea?eueo o?eiaaiaoe/ii ae?aaiuei? eaiee
?ioi?oaoo. A?ae aoaeoeaii? ae?? ee?oei cia/iith i??ith caeaaeeoue
ianiaoeeo?/ia ?acenoaioi?noue i?aai?cio. E??i oiai, anoaiiaeaii, ui IA ?
oi?aa?naeueieie ?iaeeeaoi?aie aoaeue-yeeo ci?i aiiainoaco ? aaaeeeaith
eaieith a ?i?oe?aoe?? ?ioiieo ?aaeoe?e (A.I.Aooaiei, 1998;
E.O.*a?iooaiei, 1997; O.W.Bjerrum, 1993; M.Kopes, 1992).

IA iathoue ??ciia?/iee, iiooaeiee aoaeoi?iee iioaioe?ae, ui caaacia/o?
?aae?caoe?th caoenieo ooieoe?e i?aai?cio. Iaeia c iaea?eueo cia/oueo
ooieoe?e — aioeaaeoa??aeueia. ?? aoaeoeai?noue oa aaeaeaaoi?noue
?aaeoe?? ia aaeoa??aeueia iiae?aciaiiy caaacia/o? eeniacaeaaeia nenoaia
IA. ?aae?caoe?y aaeoa?eoeeaeiiai iaoai?cio a?aeaoaa?oueny ca ?aooiie
ooai?aiiy aeoeaieo ieneaeaio?a oa oa?iaioo aco?io?eueieo a?aioe —
i??eiia?ieneaeace (TH.A. Iaceia, 1991; N. Dehloren, 1993).

A oiiaao iaoieia??, eiee IA caciathoue iino?eiiai aieeao ??cieo
iiae?aceeaeo oaeoi??a, a?aeaoaa?oueny aeniaaeaiiy aaeoa?eoeeaeiiai
iioaioe?aeo, ui, a naith /a?ao, aaaea aei caaino?aiiy caiaeueieo
caoai?thaaiue oa ?icaeoeo ai?eii-naioe/ieo oneeaaeiaiue (A.Carthy oa
ni?aaao., 1991).

A iaoeia?e e?oa?aoo?? iaaeinoaoiuei aena?oeai? ca’ycee i?ae
ieneaeaioiith aeoeai?noth (IA) IA oa oa?aeoa?ii no?oeoo?ieo ci?i oeeo
ee?oei. Oiio ?nio? iaiao?aei?noue ?ic?iaee ii?oiooieoe?iiaeueieo
e?eoa???a ioe?iee noaio IA aeey ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? ioe?iee IA IA e?ia? a
oiiaao ee?i?/ii? iaoieia??, ye? aeicaieyoue aecia/eoe ??aaiue oa
?aca?ai? iiaeeeaino? oeueiai iaoai?cio caoenoo i?aai?cio.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa aeeiiaia a
iaaeao aaeocaai? iaoeiai? i?ia?aie ?inoeoooo ee?i?/ii? oa
aenia?eiaioaeueii? o??o?a?? AII Oe?a?ie ca oaiith “?ic?iaea iiai?
ia?iaaceaii? oaoiieia?? oi?aae?iiy ee?oeiieie iaoai?ciaie
ianiaoeeo?/iiai caoenoo o o??o?a?/ieo oai?eo”, iiia? aea?aeaaii?
?a?no?aoe?? 0193EI42738.

Iaoa oa caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoa ?iaioe — anoaiiaeoe ca’ycie i?ae
iniaeeainoyie no?oeoo?e IA ? ??aiai IA e?ia?; ?ic?iaeoe ii?oieia?/i?
e?eoa??? ioe?iee IA IA e?ia?.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iaoe aecia/aii oae? caaea/?:

1. Aea/eoe oeueo?ano?oeoo?io i?aai?caoe?th iaaeoeaiaaieo oa aeoeaiaaieo
IA.

2. Aea/eoe ii?oiiao?e/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee IA oa aeae?eeoe iaea?eueo
?ioi?iaoeai? ia?aiao?e ee?oei ia oeueo?ano?oeoo?iiio oa na?oeiiioe/iiio
??aiyo.

3. Ii??aiyoe iniaeeaino? aoaeiae IA c? noaiii ?o IA.

4. Ni?anoaaeoe ?acoeueoaoe oeueo?ano?oeoo?ieo oa na?oeiiioe/ieo
iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiue.

5. Aea/eoe ii?oi-ooieoe?iiaeueio oa?aeoa?enoeeo IA a caeaaeiino? a?ae
oa?aeoa?o caiaeaiiy.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy
aeicaieeee anoaiiaeoe ?yae iiaeo iieiaeaiue: aeaye? ye?ni? oa e?euee?ni?
iniaeeaino? aoaeiae aeoeaiaaieo IA c ??ciei ??aiai IA e?ia?;
ii?oi-ooieoe?iiaeueio oa?aeoa?enoeeo IA ye nenoaie; e?eoa???
ii?oi-ooieoe?iiaeueii? iaaeinoaoiino? (IOI) nenoaie IA; aca?iica’ycie
nooiaiy IOI nenoaie IA oa ??aiy IA e?ia?; i?aeaeuaiiy ?iaeaeno
ethi?iiecaeaaeii? oai?ethi?ianoeaioe?? ? ia o?eueee ?acoeueoaoii
aeoeaaoe?? ee?oei, aea e ia?aeeniiai ieeneaiiy e?i?ae?a iioeiaeaeaieo
ee?oeiieo iaia?ai; iiaeeea?noue aeei?enoaiiy ii?oiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao??a
(ieiu? ee?oei oa iioe/ii? u?eueiino? oeeoiieacie) aeey ia’?eoeaii?
ioe?iee IA e?ia?; aca?iica’ycie nooiaiy IOI nenoaie IA ? oa?aeoa?o
caiaeaiiy.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aeua cacia/ai? iaoeia?
?ic?iaee iathoue aaciina?aaei?e aeo?ae a ee?i?/io i?aeoeeo, ine?eueee
aeicaieythoue oeyoii ioe?iee i?inoeo ii?oiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao??a (ieiu?
ee?oei oa iioe/ii? u?eueiino? oeeoiieacie) aeaoe ?iaeea?aeoaeueio
ioe?ieo noaio nenoaie IA ? aecia/eoe nooi?iue iaaeinoaoiino?, ui, a
naith /a?ao, aeicaiey? anoaiiaeoe i?iaiic ? aea?aoe a?eueo iaa?oioiaaio
oaeoeeo e?eoaaiiy oai?eo.

?aeiiaiaeiaaii IIC Oe?a?ie aeey ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a ?iaioo ee?i?/ieo
eaai?aoi??e ?ic?iaeaiee iaoiae ae?aaiinoeee oa eiio?ieth aoaeoeaiino?
e?eoaaiiy i?neyiia?aoe?eieo ai?eii-naioe/ieo oneeaaeiaiue
(?ioi?iaoe?eiee eeno IIC Oe?a?ie a?ae 12.03.93.); iaoiaee aecia/aiiy
oaaioeeoa?ii? aeoeaiino? eaeeioeeo?a e?ia? (?ioi?iaoe?eiee eeno IIC
Oe?a?ie a?ae 08.06.94) oa ?aca?ao caoenieo nee i?aai?cio (?ioi?iaoe?eiee
eeno IIC Oe?a?ie a?ae 8.06.94).

Iniaenoee aianie aeena?oaioa. Aaoi?ii naiino?eii cae?eniai?: a?aea??,
?ic?iaea oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy IA e?ia?
(oeueo?ano?oeoo?ieo, ii?oiiao?e/ieo, ooieoe?iiaeueieo); noaoenoe/ia
ia?iaea oa ocaaaeueiaiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a ? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?o a
ee?i?/io i?aeoeeo. Aeai? aeine?aeaeaiue ni?aaaoi??a ioae?eaoe?e ca
oaiith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ia aeeth/ai?.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iniiai? iaoa??aee ? iieiaeaiiy i?iaaaeaieo
aeine?aeaeaiue aoee aeeeaaeai? oa iaaiai?ai? ia eiioa?aioe?? iieiaeeo
a/aieo ?EAO AII Oe?a?ie (Ee?a, 1989); can?aeaii? a/aii? ?aaee ?EAO
(Ee?a, 1993); eiioa?aioe??, i?enay/ai?e 25-??//th Ee?i?ee noaeeiii?
o??o?a?? o Eueaia? (Euea?a, 1996); eiioa?aioe??, i?enay/ai?e 25-??///th
?EAO AII Oe?a?ie (Ee?a, 1997); iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? “No/ani? iaaee/i?
oaoiieia?? a o??o?a??” (Ee?a, 1997).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iioae?eiaaii 11
?ia?o. Iaea?aeaii aaoi?nueea na?aeioeoai ia aeiao?ae. Ai?iaaaeaeaii 4
?aoe?iiae?caoi?nuee? i?iiiceoe??.

Ianya aeena?oaoe?? oa ?? no?oeoo?a. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia 150
noi??ieao ae?oeiaaiiai oaenoo. ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c anooio, 6
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae, ui i?noeoue 84
a?o/eciyieo oa 144 ?iicaiieo aaoi??a. ?iaioa ?ethno?iaaia 13 oaaeeoeyie,
28 i?e?ioioia?ao?yie, 27 a?noi- ? ii?oia?aiaie.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

Iaoa??aee oa iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aea/aii IA ia?eoa?e/ii? e?ia? o 30
caei?iaeo in?a (eiio?ieueia a?oia), o 50 oai?eo ia e?ioaaeaio e?ioe?aie
oa 150 oai?eo c o?ii?/iei caiaeaiiyi i?aai?a o?aaeaiiy oa
ai?eii-naioe/ieie oneeaaeiaiiyie.

Aeey aeaeo?iiii-i?e?ineii?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy IA aiooaaee ca
?ic?iaeaieie iaie iaoiaeaie: aeae?eyee oeyoii aeeoa?aioe?eiiai
oeaio?eooaoaaiiy e?ia? (iiceoeaia ??oaiiy a?ae 25.09.92 ? 501323),
ia?iaeyee (aaoi?nueea na?aeioeoai ? 1772749/28 a?ae 01.07.92;
iina?ae/aiiy i?i ?aoe?iiae?caoi?nuee? i?iiiceoe?? ? 14/90 a?ae 23.03.90
oa ? 21/90 a?ae 06.04.90), oeueo?aoiie? c??ce io?eioaaee ia
oeueo?ai?e?ioii? OIOI-3 (iina?ae/aiiy i?i ?aoe?iiae?caoi?nuee?
i?iiiceoe?? ? 17/90 a?ae 27.03.90 oa ? 29/90 a?ae 25.05.90),
eiio?anooaaee o?ai?eaoeaoaoii ? oeeo?aoii naeioeth, ia?aaeyaeaee oa
oioia?aooaaee ia aeaeo?iiiiio i?e?ineii? JEM-100S.

Ia io?eiaieo i?e iaeiaeiaiio ca?eueoaii? aeaeo?iiia?aiao ioe?ithaaee
iniiai? ii?oiiao?e/i? ia?aiao?e IA: ia?eiao? ee?oeie (1), ieiuo ee?oeie
(2), ieiuo aco?io?eueieo a?aioe (3). Aei??e 2 ? 3 i?iaiaeeee o
a?aeiinieo aaee/eiao aei caaaeueii? ieiu? ianooaaii? n?oee. Ua iaeei
ia?aiao? — a?aioei-ee?oeiia a?aeiioaiiy (4), ia/enethaaee ca oi?ioeith:
(ieiua a?aioe / ieiuo ee?oeie) 100 %.

Ia?aeaeueii aei??thaaee ieiuo ee?oei oa aecia/aee iioe/io u?euei?noue
oeeoiieacie IA o oa?aiaaieo ca ?iiaiianueeei — A?ica i?aia?aoao e?ia?.
Aeoeai?noue i??eiia?ieneaeace aecia/aee ca iaoiaeii A?aoaia Eiiey. An?
aei??e aeeiioaaee ia eiii’thoa?iiio aiae?caoi?? cia?aaeaiiy o??ie
“OPTON” c aeei?enoaiiyi i?ia?aiiiai caaacia/aiiy iaoeiai-ae?iaie/i?
eiiiai?? “?AA” oa na?oeiiioe/iiai i?e?ineiia ETHIAI-3.

IA e?ia? oai?eo ioe?ithaaee ca aeiiiiiaith iaoiaeo ethi?iiecaeaaeii?
oai?ethi?ianoeaioe?? (OE) ia niaeo?iiao?? AeAEOA-300. E?eoa???i ??aiy IA
IA aoa ?iaeaen OE (?oe), yeee ia/enethaaee ca aeaieie niiioaiii? (OEni)
? noeioeueiaaii? (OEno) in vitro oe?eueii? e?ia? ca oi?ioeith: ?oe =
(OEno — OEni) / OEni.

Oeeo?ia? aeai? ia?iaeyee iaoiaeaie ia?aiao?e/ii? oa iaia?aiao?e/ii?
noaoenoeee, a oaeiae c aeei?enoaiiyi a?ao?/iiai iaoiaeo c iiaoaeiaith
a?ao?e?a-ii?oia?ai ca aaee/eiith ieiu? ee?oei (2) oa ieiu? aco?io?eueieo
a?aioe (3).

Iaea?aeai? iienia? oa ii?oiiao?e/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee IA ni?anoaaeyee c
iieacieeaie ooieoe?iiaeueii? aeoeaiino? ee?oei.

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeai? aeaeo?iiii-i?e?ineii?/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue na?ae/aoue, ui a e?ia? a in?a eiio?ieueii? a?oie
ia?aaaaeaee iaaeoeaiaai? IA, ye? iathoue e?oaeo oi?io c iiiaeeiieeie
a?ae?inoeaie ee?oeiii? iaia?aie, naaiaioiaaia yae?i oa cia/iee ai?no
??aiii??ii ?ici?uaieo niaoeeo?/ieo oa aco?io?eueieo a?aioe; a e?ia?
oai?eo c caiaeaiiyi — aeoeaiaai? IA, aeey ieo oa?aeoa?ia cia/ia
aa??aaaeuei?noue oi?ie ? ?ici???a, a oaeiae ai?noo oeeoiieaciaoe/ieo
a?aioe.

Aeoeaiaai? IA oa?aeoa?ecoaaeeny iaaieie ii?ooaiiyie a?aioey?iiai
aia?aoo ee?oei ? a ia?oo /a?ao aco?io?eueieo a?aioe. Iia?e?caoe?y a?aioe
i?e aeoeaaoe?? ee?oei, ooai?aiiy niieo/aiue a?aioea -i?e?io?oai/ea
(A?-IO), iaiao?aeieo aeey o?ainii?ooaaiiy a?aioe aei i?noey oaaioeeoico,
aeaa?aioeyoe?y oa iiyaa iai?aionoeo oa ionoeo a?aioe i?ecaiaeeoue aei
cieaeaiiy caaaeueii? ieiu? a?aioe. Ne?ae a?aecia/eoe, ui /anoi
niinoa??aaee — ??cea cieaeaiiy, a ?iiae? e iiaio a?aenooi?noue
aco?io?eueieo a?aioe a oeeoiieaci? aaeeeeo aeano?oeoeaii ci?iaieo
ee?oei.

Iie?ii?o?ci aoaeiae IA i?aeoaa?aeaeaiee oaeiae ?acoeueoaoaie
ii?oiiao?e/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue iniiaieo ia?aiao??a ee?oei (eiao?oe??io
aa??aoe?? a ie?aieo aeiaaeeao noaiiaea 62,0 %). Aeey ioe?iee
iieaciee?a (ia?eiao?o, ieiu? ee?oei oa a?aioe, A?/EE ni?aa?aeiioaiiy
oa iioe/ii? u?eueiino? oeeoiieacie) aeei?enoaee aiae?c ?iciiae?eo
aeaieo, yeee iaaeaa iiaeeea?noue aeae?eeoe aeey eiaeiiai c
aeine?aeaeaieo ia?aiao??a /eneia? ae?aiaciie. Iaea?eueo ?ioi?iaoeaiei ?
ae?eaiiy ia ae?aiaciie, ye? iathoue a?aeiia?aeii: iecuee?, iii??i?,
iii??ii i?aeaeuai? oa aenie? cia/aiiy. ?acoeueoaoe noaoenoe/iiai aiae?co
aeicaieeee ?icaeyaeaoe iii??i? cia/aiiy, ye oae?, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue
ii?io, a ?io? — a?aeia?aaeathoue ??ci? ??ai? aeoeaaoe?? oa
aeaa?aaeaoe?? IA. A oe?eiio aeai? ii?oiiao?e/iiai aiae?co na?ae/aoue,
ui i?e iaoieia?? ia?eiao? oa ieiua IA a?eueoino? ee?oei iii??ii
i?aeaeuai? (38,3 oa 40,0 % ), a eiio?ie? — ee?oei c oaeeie ia?aiao?aie
cia/ii iaioa (12 oa 18,1 %). I?e iaoieia?? oaeiae cia/ii ca?eueoaia
e?euee?noue ee?oei c? ciaioaieie ieiuath a?aioe oa A?/EE
ni?aa?aeiioaiiyi (36,0 oa 40,0 %), a eiio?ie? cia/aiiy oeeo
ia?aiao??a noaiiaeee 3,3 % oa 1,6 %. Ioaea, io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe
ii?oiiao?e/iiai aiae?co IA ia aeaeo?iiii-i?e?ineii?/iiio ??ai?
na?ae/aoue, ui i?e iaoieia??, ii??aiyii c a?aeiia?aeieie iieacieeaie a
eiio?ie?, a?aeaoaa?oueny ca?eueoaiiy ia?eiao?o oa ieiu? ee?oei, c
iaeii/aniei ciaioaiiyi ieiu? a?aioe oa ieoiii? aaae a?aioe a
oeeoiieaci? IA. I?e a?aeiia?aeiiio aiae?c? ia na?oeiiioe/iiio ??ai?
oaeiae aoea a?aei?/aia iiyaa IA aaeeeeo ?ici???a c? cieaeaiith iioe/iith
u?euei?noth oeeoiieacie.

Iieacieee ooieoe?iiaeueii? aeoeaiino? IA, ye? ioe?ithaaee ca aeoeai?noth
i??eiia?ieneaeace oa ca ?oe, oaeiae cia/ii eieeaaeenue, oiio ?o
aea/aiiy i?iaiaeeee c iiceoe?e ioe?iee ?iciiae?eo cia/aiue oa
aeae?eaiiy /ioe?ueio ?o /eneiaeo ae?aiacii?a. Oea caaacia/eei iaeiaeiaee
i?aeo?ae aei ioe?iee no?oeoo?ieo oa ooieoe?iiaeueieo iieaciee?a. Aiae?c
?iciiae?eo iieaciee?a aeoeaiino? i??eiia?ieneaeace iieacaa, ui i?e
cacia/ai?e aeua iaoieia??, ca?eueoo?oueny aei 38,3 % /anoioa
aeyaeaiiy iecueei? aeoeaiino? oa?iaioo, a eiio?ie? — 1,6 %.

Iieaciee IA e?ia? ca ?oe oaeiae ci?ithaaany a oe?ieeo iaaeao o an?o
aeine?aeieo a?oiao. Ioe?ithaaee IA a ianoaaeaieo in?a, aeoiaey/e ia ?c
a?oiiaeo oa?aeoa?enoee, a a?aeiia?aeii aei ae?aiacii?a cia/aiue, ye?
a?aeia?aaeathoue ?? iecueeee, iii??iee, iii??ii i?aeaeuaiee oa aenieee
??aaiue.

Ni?anoaaeaiiy ??aiy IA ca ?oe oa aeoeai?noth i??eiia?ieneaeace
aeicaieeei aeyaeoe o?niee ei?aeyoe?eiee ca’ycie i?ae oeeie iieacieeaie,
e??i a?oie in?a c aenieei ??aiai IA. Aeey ieo aoei oa?aeoa?ii cieaeaiiy
aeoeaiino? oa?iaioo. Oea na?ae/eoue, ui cia/ia i?aeaeuaiiy ?iaeaeno
ethi?iiecaeaaeii? oai?ethi?ianoeaioe??, a?aeaoaa?oueny caaaeyee
i?ioeanai ia?aeeniiai ieeneaiiy e?i?ae?a iioeiaeaeaieo iaia?aiieo
no?oeoo? IA.

Aiae?c ca’yce?a i?ae no?oeoo?ieie oa ooieoe?iiaeueieie iieacieeaie
iieacaa, ui i?e iii??iiio oa iii??ii i?aeaeuaiiio ??ai? IA e?ia? IA
ii?iaeueii? aoaeiae c iciaeaie aeoeaaoe?? aac iioeiaeaeaiiy ee?oeiieo
no?oeoo?, ii?oiiao?e/i? ia?aiao?e iii??i? oa iii??ii i?aeaeuai?; i?e
aenie?e oa iecuee?e IA e?ia? caciathoue iioeiaeaeaiue no?oeoo?e
cia/ii? e?eueeino? ee?oei, ?o ieiua aaeeea, aea ai?no a?aioe iecueeee.
Ioaea, aaeeea ieiua ee?oei, iaa?oue i?e a?coaeuei?e ioe?ioe?, ? iai?yiei
e?eoa???i ooieoe?iiaeueii? iani?iiiaeiino? IA IA e?ia?.

IA, yeo aecia/aee ca ?oe, — aeineoue oi/iee, aea ?ioaa?aoeaiee iieaciee
noaio IA, oiio aeey ii??aiyiiy eiai c? no?oeoo?iith oa?aeoa?enoeeith
iaiao?aeia ?ioaa?aeueia no?oeoo?ia oa?aeoa?enoeea IA. Oaeith
oa?aeoa?enoeeith ? ioe?iea noeoiiino? IA ye nenoaie, i?aaenoaaeaii? o
aeaeyae? a?ao?e?a-ii?oia?ai, iiaoaeiaaieo ia iniia? aeaieo ii?oiiao???
aeaeo?iiia?ai 7 aeiaaeeiai ia?aieo ee?oei. No?oeoo?a ii?oia?ai aeicaiey?
ioa?aeoa?ecoaaoe iie?ii?o?ci aoaeiae IA.

A ?acoeueoao? aiae?co aoee iaea?aeai? a?ao?/i? iiaeae? nenoaie IA, ye?
oa?aeoa?ecoaaeeny ?yaeii iciae: i?yiith /e cai?ioiith caeaaei?noth
ieiu? ee?oei (aa?oiy e?eaa) oa ieiu? aco?io?eueieo a?aioe (ieaeiy
e?eaa); aa?aioeyoe??th; iayai?noth aeinoia??ii? a?aei?iiino? i?ae
aeno?aioiaie; oaiaeaioe??th aei ca?eueoaiiy aai ciaioaiiy ?ici???a
ee?oei.

Ca aeaieie noaoenoe/iiai oa ii??aiyeueiiai aiae?co ii?oiiao?e/ieo ?
oeueo?ano?oeoo?ieo iciae aecia/ai? e?eoa??? IOI nenoaie IA ?, ?? oa ???
nooiaiy caeaaeii a?ae aoaeiae ii?oia?ai: ? nooi?iue — no?oeoo?a ee?oei
ii?iaeueia, ?? nooi?iue — iiyaa iaoieia?/ieo ci?i, ??? nooi?iue — cia/i?
iaoieia?/i? ci?ie a no?oeoo?? IA (?en. 1).

wmetafile8? ??Oe?? ???????? ???????yyy????????????
]???

???/???????????????????????????????AAA?AUeA?¦E?????????????????
????????y? `yyA aa`??y????AAAy?IyiyyayaY???wmetafile8?
??Y?? ???????? ???????yyy???????????? ]???

???/???????????????????????????????AAA?AUeA?¦E?????????????????
????????y? `yyA aa`??y????AAAy?IyiyyayaY???

?en. 1. Ii?oia?aie, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue nooi?iue IOI nenoaie IA

Aiae?c /anoioe aeieeiaiiy IOI ??cieo nooiai?a a a?oiao c ??ciei ??aiai
IA e?ia? na?ae/eoue, ui ?nio? o?niee ca’ycie i?ae nooiaiai IOI oa ??aiai
IA. I?e iii??iiio ??ai? IA e?ia? a?eueoee a?aenioie noaiiaeyoue
ii?oia?aie, ye? a?aeiinyoueny aei ? nooiaiy IOI nenoaie IA, i?e iii??ii
i?aeaeuaiiio ??ai? IA e?ia? ii?oia?aie, ye? a?aeiinyoueny aei ??
nooiaiy, a i?e iecueeiio oa aenieiio ??ai? IA e?ia? ii?oia?aie, ye?
a?aeiinyoueny aei ??? ? /anoeiai ?? nooiaiy IOI nenoaie IA (?en. 2).

?nio? o?niee ei?aeyoe?eiee ca’ycie i?ae nooiaiai IOI nenoaie IA oa
oa?aeoa?ii caoai?thaaiiy: ? nooi?iue oa?aeoa?iee aeey aeiii??a oa oai?eo
ia e?ioaaeaio aac caiaeaiiy; ?? nooi?iue — aeey oai?eo c o?ii?/iei
eieaeueiei caiaeaiiyi (o?ii?/iee iaie?aaoeo, eaeueeoeueiciee
oieaoeenoeo); ??? nooi?iue — aeey oai?eo c ai?eii-naioe/ieie
oneeaaeiaiiyie (o?ii?/iee oieaoeenoeo c iaaii?iiyi, ai?eiee oieaia?o,
aanoean ia/?iee, ia?eoii?o) (oaae.1).

wmetafile8? ??~?????????? ???????yyy????????????
i?)???

???/???????????????????????????????AAA?AUeA?¦E?????????????????
????????y? `yyA aa`??y????AAAy?IyiyyayaY???

?en. 2.*anoioa aeyaeaiiy nooiai?a IOI nenoaie IA a a?oiao

c ??ciei ??aiai IA e?ia?

Oaaeeoey 1. Nooi?iue IOI nenoaie IA caeaaeii a?ae oa?aeoa?o
caoai?thaaiiy

A?oia*enei Nooi?iue IOI nenoaie IA,
%niinoa?aaeaiiyianoaaeaieoIIIIIIAeiii?e3095,4 3,14,6 1,1-E?ioaaeaia
3087,3 6,212,7 3,5-E?ioaaeaia c caiaeaiiyi1910,4 3,489,6
5,3-O?ii?/i? caiaeuei? oai?iae77-93,5 4,36,5 1,7Ai?eii-naioe/i?
oneeaaeiaiiy74-10,8 4,189,2 6,4

Ne?ae a?aecia/eoe, ui iciaee IOI nenoaie IA aeyaeyee i?e an?o aeacaieo
caoai?thaaiiyo ? ia??aeei — o aeiii??a. Aeiaeaoeiaa aeine?aeaeaiiy IA
e?ia? aeiii??a iieacaei, ui IOI nenoaie IA coiiaeaia iayai?noth
iaaeiaeeo ee?oei ?c iaeith ieiuath oa aenieith u?euei?noth oeeoiieacie ?
yae?a, ui oa?aeoa?ia aeey aiiioico. Ioaea, ? nooi?iue IOI nenoaie IA
iiaeia ?icaeyaeaoe ye o?c?ieia?/iee, a?aeia?aaea? o?c?ieia?/io
aeaa?aaeaoe?th ee?oei, ye? aeeiiaee naith ooieoe?th.

Aiae?c ii?oia?ai, iiaoaeiaaieo ca aaee/eiith ieiu? ee?oei oa ieiu?
aco?io?eueieo a?aioe, aeicaieea noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui IOI nenoaie IA
iia’ycaia c ii?ooaiiyie a eeniacaeaaeieo no?oeoo?ao ee?oei (iaia?aiao,
a?aioeao), ye? a?aeiia?aeathoue ca ??aaiue IA IA e?ia?, a ioaea
caaacia/othoue ?aae?caoe?th ?o aoaeoi?iiai iioaioe?aeo.

Ca ?acoeueoaoaie ii??aiyeueii? ioe?iee ?ioi?iaoeaiino? ii?oiiao?e/ieo
iieaciee?a, io?eiaieo i?ae /an aeaeo?iiii-i?e?ineii?/iiai oa
na?oeiiioe/iiai aeine?aeaeaii?, anoaiiaeaii a?aeiia?aei?noue i?ae
iieacieeaie, a ioaea ? iiaeeea?noue oa aeinoaoi?noue aeei?enoaiiy
i?inoeo ii?oiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao??a ieiu? IA oa iioe/ii? u?eueiino?
oeeoiieacie ee?oei aeey ioe?iee ii?oiooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio nenoaie IA.

Ioaea, ioe?iea noaio IA c iiceoe?e nenoaie oa aecia/aiiy nooiaiy IOI
nenoaie IA, aeicaieeea iia’ycaoe no?oeoo?i? ci?ie a ee?oeiao c ?o
ooieoe?iiaeueiith oa?aeoa?enoeeith, a ioaea aeiaanoe, ui ii?oiiao?e/i?
aeine?aeaeaiiy ia aeaeo?iiii-i?e?ineii?/iiio oa na?oeiiioe/iiio ??ai?
ni?eythoue iaea?eueo oi/i?e oa?aeoa?enoeoe? IA IA e?ia?.

AENIIAEE

1. Ieneaeaioia aeoeai?noue iaeo?io?eueieo a?aioeioeeo?a e?ia? o?nii
iia’ycaia c iniaeeainoyie aoaeiae oeeo ee?oei. ?niothoue ye?ni? oa
e?euee?ni? ?? ii?oieia?/i? aea?aaeaioe ia oeueo?ano?oeoo?iiio oa
na?oeiiioe/iiio ??ai?.

2. I?aeaeuaiiy ieneaeaioii? aeoeaiino? iaeo?io?eueieo a?aioeioeeo?a
i?iyaey?oueny ye?nieie ci?iaie (iiyaith inaaaeiiiae?e ? ae?ino?a
ee?oeiii? iaia?aie, iia?e?caoe??th a?aioe, ooai?aiiyi eiiieaen?a
a?aioea-i?e?io?oai/ea ? aoi?eiieo oaainii) oa e?euee?nieie ci?iaie
(ca?eueoaiiyi aeiaaeeie ee?oeiii? iaia?aie ? ieiu? ee?oei oa ciaioaiiyi
ieiu? a?aioe ? iioe/ii? u?eueiino? oeeoiieacie).

3. Aenieee ??aaiue ieneaeaioii? aeoeaiino? iaeo?io?eueieo a?aioeioeeo?a
e?ia? i?e ethi?iiecaeaaei?e oai?ethi?ianoeaioe??, ? ?acoeueoaoii
ia?aeeniiai ieeneaiiy e?i?ae?a iioeiaeaeaieo ee?oeiieo iaia?ai, a ia
?acoeueoaoii iiaiioe?iiiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy i??eiia?ieneaeacicaeaaeiiai
aaeoa?eoeeaeiiai iaoai?cio eeniacaeaaeii? nenoaie.

4. Cieaeaiiy aeoeaiino? i??eiia?ieneaeace noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny
ca?eueoaiiyi ?ici??o ee?oei (r = — 0,807), ciaioaiiyi ai?noo
aco?io?eueieo a?aioe oa iioe/ii? u?eueiino? oeeoiieacie (r = 0,872).

5. Iieacieee ieneaeaioii? aeoeaiino? e?ia? ? ii?oieia?/i?
oa?aeoa?enoeee iaeo?io?eueieo a?aioeioeeo?a oa?aeoa?ecothoueny aenieith
aa??aaaeuei?noth, oiio iaeiicia/ii? ioe?iee ?o ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio
iiaeia aeinyaiooe, canoiniaoth/e e?eoa??? aecia/aiiy ii?oi-
ooieoe?iiaeueii? iaaeinoaoiino? nenoaie iaeo?io?eueieo a?aioeioeeo?a.
Ii?oiooieoe?iiaeueia iaaeinoaoi?noue nenoaie iaeo?io?eueieo
a?aioeioeeo?a ? ?ioaa?aeueiith oa?aeoa?enoeeith eiiieaeno ii?oieia?/ieo
iciae, aeyaeaieo ia oeueo?ano?oeoo?iiio ??ai?, ui a?aeia?aaea? ??aaiue
ieneaeaioii? aeoeaiino? oeeo ee?oei.

6. Aeae?eaii o?e nooiaiy ii?oiooieoe?iiaeueii? iaaeinoaoiino? nenoaie
iaeo?io?eueieo a?aioeioeeo?a caeaaeii a?ae iniaeeainoae ia?aaoaeiae
eeniacaeaaeieo no?oeoo?: ? nooi?iue — ieneaeaioia aeoeai?noue o iaaeao
iieaciee?a ii?ie, ?? nooi?iue — ieneaeaioia aeoeai?noue iii??ii
i?aeaeuaia, ??? nooi?iue — ieneaeaioia aeoeai?noue cia/ii cieaeaia, aai
cia/ii i?aeaeuaia, ui na?ae/eoue i?i nooo?a? iaoieia?/i? a?aeoeeaiiy a
nenoai? iaeo?io?eueieo a?aioeioeeo?a e?ia?. Anoaiiaeaii aeinoia??io
ei?aeyoe?eio aca?iicaeaaei?noue ia?aa?ao oai?iae, nooiaiy
ii?oiooieoe?iiaeueii? iaaeinoaoiino? nenoaie iaeo?io?eueieo
a?aioeioeeo?a oa ??aiy ieneaeaioii? aeoeaiino? e?ia? (r = 0,931).

7. Ia na?oeiiioe/iiio ??ai? ii?oiiao?e/i? iieacieee ieiu? ee?oei oa
iioe/ii? u?eueiino? oeeoiieacie iaeo?io?eueieo a?aioeioeeo?a ? iaea?eueo
cia/oueie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie ieneaeaioii? aeoeaiino? iaeo?io?eueieo
a?aioeioeeo?a e?ia?. Ia?aaeuaiiy 30 % ai?noo ee?oei, ye? iathoue aaeeeo
ieiuo (iiiaae 140,0 iei2) oa iecueeo iioe/io u?euei?noue oeeoiieacie
(iiiaae 40 oi. iae.), na?ae/eoue i?i nooo?aa cieaeaiiy aaeoa?eoeeaeiiai
iioaioe?aeo nenoaie iaeo?io?eueieo a?aioeioeeo?a.

I?AEOE*I? ?AEIIAIAeAOe??

I?iiiio?oueny aeey canoinoaaiiy a ee?i?/ieo oa iaoeiaeo eaai?aoi??yo:
iaoiae ae?aaiinoeee oa eiio?ieth aoaeoeaiino? e?eoaaiiy
i?neyiia?aoe?eieo ai?eii-naioe/ieo oneeaaeiaiue; iaoiaee aecia/aiiy
oaaioeeoa?ii? aeoeaiino? eaeeioeeo?a e?ia? oa ?aca?ao caoenieo nee
i?aai?cio.

IA?AE?E ?IA?O, IIOAE?EIAAIEO

CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

1. Aioeiee?iaiay aeoeaiinoue iaeo?ioeeueiuo a?aioeioeeoia e iaoiaeu aa
ii?aaeaeaiey a oe?o?ae/aneie eeeieea. Niiauaiea ?. Iniaaiiinoe
eenei?iaeiacaaeneiiai aaeoa?eoeeaeiiai iaoaiecia iaeo?ioeeueiuo
a?aioeioeeoia // Eeei. oe?o?aey. — 1991. — N 2. — N. 45-47. Ni?aaao:
Iaaeaaoeeee A.A., Oeeue/aiei A.A.

2. Oeueo?ano?oeoo?iay oa?aeoa?enoeea eeaoi/iuo acaeiiaeaenoaee
iaeo?ioeeia e aiay?iaiuo iee?ii?aaieciia i?e yenia?eiaioaeueiie ino?ie
eeoa/iie iai?ioiaeeiinoe // Eeei. oe?o?aey.- 1991. — N 4. — N. 21-23.
Ni?aaao: Iaaeaaoeeee A.A., Na?aaeei A.A.

3. Aioeiee?iaiay aeoeaiinoue iaeo?ioeeueiuo a?aioeioeeoia e iaoiaeu aa
ii?aaeaeaiey a oe?o?ae/aneie eeeieea. Niiauaiea ??. Iniaaiiinoe
eenei?iaecaaeneiiai aaeoa?eoeeaeiiai iaoaiecia iaeo?ioeeueiuo
a?aioeioeeoia // Eeei. oe?o?aey. — 1991. — N 11. — N. 51-55. Ni?aaao:
Iaaeaaoeeee A.A., Oeeue/aiei A.A.

4. A.n. 1772749 NNN?, IEE G 01 N 1/28. Niinia iiaeaioiaee aeieiae/aneie
oeaie e ?ano?iaie aeaeo?iiiie iee?ineiiee.- Cayaeaii 31.08.90; Iioae.
30.10.92, Athe. ? 40. — 2 n . Ni?aaao: Iaaeaaoeeee A.A.

5. Iiaua aiciiaeiinoe oe?o?ae/aneiai ea/aiey neiae?iia o?iie/aneie
eeioiaaiiciie iaaeinoaoi/iinoe ieaeieo eiia/iinoae // Aeooaeuei?
i?iaeaie noaeeiii? o??o?a??: Iaoa??aee eiio. i?enay/aii? 25-??//th
Ee?i?ee noaeeiii? o??o?a?? o Eueaia?.- Euea?a, 1996. — N. 91-92.
Ni?aaao: *a?iooa E.I., Ae?the I.O.

6. No?oeoo?ii — ooieoeeiiaeueiay oa?aeoa?enoeea eenei?iae-caaeneiie
aaeoa?eoeeaeiie nenoaiu iaeo?ioeeueiuo a?aioeioeeoia // I?iaeaie
ee?i?/ii? o??o?a??: Ca. iaoe. ?ia?o, i?enay/. 25-??//th ?inoeoooo ee?i.
oa aenia?ei. o??o?a?? AII Oe?a?ie. — E.: Ee?i. o??o?a?y, 1997. — N.
252-258.

7. Iee?ioe?o?aey eeioaoe/aneeo ninoaeia. Iiaua iiaeoiaeu e ea/aieth
eeioyaeaiu e neiae?iia o?iie/aneie eeioiaaiiciie iaaeinoaoi/iinoe
eiia/iinoae // I?iaeaie ee?i?/ii? o??o?a??: Ca. iaoe. ?ia?o, i?enay/.
25-??//th ?inoeoooo ee?i. oa aenia?ei. o??o?a?? AII Oe?a?ie. — E.:
Ee?i. o??o?a?y, — 1997. — N. 192-204. Ni?aaao: *a?iooa E.I., Ae?the
I.O.

8. Oa?aeoa?enoeea ieneaeaioiie aeoeaiinoe iaeo?ioeeia e?iae i?e
eeioyaeaia ieaeieo eiia/iinoae // Iiaua oaoiieiaee a oe?o?aee: Na. iao/.
?aaio iinayu. 75-eaoeth eaoaae?u oe?o?aee Eeaa. iaae. aeaae.
iineaaeeieii. ia?aciaaiey IC Oe?aeiu. — E., 1997. — N. 176.

9. Oa?aeoa?enoeea ieaeiia?ieneaeacicaaeneiie aaeoa?eoeeaeiie nenoaiu
iaeo?ioeeueiuo a?aioeioeeoia e?iae o iaoeeaioia n aiieii-naioe/aneeie
caaieaaaieyie // Ee?i. o??o?a?y. — 1997. — N 9-10. — N.42-43.

10. Oeueo?ano?oeoo?ia oa?aeoa?enoeea iaeo?io?eueieo a?aioeioeeo?a e?ia?
o oai?eo ia o?ii?/iee oieaoeenoeo // A?niee ii?oieia??. — 1999. — 5, ?
1. — N. 6-8. Ni?aaao: Aiiieyei ?.A.

11. Ii?oiiao?e/ia oa?aeoa?enoeea iaeo?io?eueieo a?aioeioeeo?a e?ia? //
A?niee ii?oieia??. — 1999. — 5, ? 1. — N. 20. Ni?aaao: Aiiieyei ?.A.

12. Aca?iica’ycie i?ae ieneaeaioiith oa i??eiia?ieneaeaciith
aeoeai?noth iaeo?io?eueieo a?aioeioeeo?a o ai?eii-naioe/ieo oai?eo //
Eaa. ae?aaiinoeea. — 1999. — ? 2. — N. 13-15.

AIIOAOe?ss

Ooianiaa E.I. Ii?oi-ooieoe?iiaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ieneaeaioii?
aeoeaiino? iaeo?io?eueieo a?aioeioeeo?a e?ia?.- ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa a?ieia?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 14.03.09 — a?noieia?y, oeeoieia?y, aia??ieia?y.

Ia iniia? oeueo?ano?oeoo?iiai oa ii?oiiao?e/iiai aiae?co i?iaaaeaia
ioe?iea noaio nenoaie IA e?ia? c canoinoaaiiyi e?eoa???a aecia/aiiy IOI
oa ?? nooiaiy, ye? aeicaieythoue iia’ycaoe no?oeoo?i? ci?ie a ee?oeiao c
??aiai IA e?ia? oa o?nii iia’ycai? c oyaee?noth ia?aa?ao oai?iae.
Anoaiiaeaii, ui IOI ? nooiaiy a?eueo oa?aeoa?ia aeey aeiii??a; ??
nooiaiy — aeey oai?eo c o?ii?/iei eieaeueiei caiaeaiiyi; ??? nooiaiy —
aeey oai?eo c i?neyiia?aoe?eieie ai?eieie oa ai?eii-naioe/ieie
oneeaaeiaiiyie.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: iaeo?io?euei? a?aioeioeeoe, oeueo?ano?oeoo?a,
ii?oiiao??y, ieneaeaioia aeoeai?noue.

AIIIOAOeEss

Ooianiaa E.I. Ii?oi-ooieoeeiiaeueiay oa?aeoa?enoeea ieneaeaioiie
aeoeaiinoe iaeo?ioeeueiuo a?aioeioeeoia e?iae.- ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa aeieiae/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14.03.09 — aenoieiaey, oeeoieiaey, yia?eieiaey.

Aeenna?oaoeeiiiay ?aaioa iinayuaia eco/aieth ieneaeaioiiai iaoaiecia
eenei?iaecaaeneiie aaeoa?eoeeaeiie nenoaiu IA e?iae e ?ac?aaioea
ii?oieiae/aneeo e?eoa?eaa ioeaiee IA a oneiaeyo ii?iu e i?e eeeie/aneie
iaoieiaee, iicaieythueo ii?aaeaeeoue o?iaaiue e ?aca?aiua aiciiaeiinoe
yoiai iaoaiecia caueou i?aaiecia.

A ?aaioa i?aaenoaaeaiu iniaaiiinoe no?iaiey IA e?iae a eiee/anoaaiiii e
ea/anoaaiiii ioia?aaeaiee. Iieacaoaee ooieoeeiiaeueiie aeoeaiinoe eeaoie
ii?aaeaeyee ii niaea?aeaieth oa?iaioa aco?ioeeueiuo a?aioe —
ieaeiia?ieneaeacu e ii o?iaith IA — eiaeaeno ethieiiecaaeneiie
oaieethieianoeaioeee e?iae.

Iieacaoaee, oa?aeoa?ecothuea iniiaiua ii?oiiao?e/aneea ia?aiao?u IA
(ia?eiao?, ieiuaaeue eeaoie e a?aioe, iioe/aneay ieioiinoue oeeoiieaciu)
ia oeueo?ano?oeoo?iii e naaoiiioe/aneii o?iaiyo, ioee/aeenue aunieie
aa?eaaaeueiinoueth (eiyooeoeeaio aa?eaoeee a ioaeaeueiuo neo/ayo
ninoaaeye 62 %). Aeey eo ioeaiee eniieueciaaee aiaeec ?ani?aaeaeaiey
aeaiiuo e auyaeaiey /eneiauo aeeaiaciiia. Iaeaieaa eioi?iaoeaiui
yaeyaony aeaeaiea ia aeeaiaciiu, aeeth/athuea ieceea, oia?aiiua,
oia?aiii iiauoaiiua e aunieea cia/aiey iieacaoaeae. ?acoeueoaou
noaoenoe/aneiai aiaeeca iicaieeee oia?aiiua iieacaoaee ?anniao?eaaoue
eae oa?aeoa?ecothuea ii?io, a inoaeueiua — eae io?aaeathuea ?acee/iua
o?iaie aeoeaaoeee e aeaa?aaeaoeee eeaoie. I?iaaaeaiiue aiaeec iieacae,
/oi i?e iaoieiaee oaaee/aii eiee/anoai IA ia?eiao? e ieiuaaeue eioi?uo
aieueoa, a ieiuaaeue a?aioe, iioe/aneay ieioiinoue oeeoiieaciu e
aeoeaiinoue ieaeiia?ieneaeacu iaiueoa, ii n?aaiaieth n oaeiauie a
eiio?iea.

Iieacaoaee IA e?iae eciaiyeenue a oe?ieeo i?aaeaeao ai anao
enneaaeoaiuo a?oiiao iacaaeneii io iaoieiaee e a eiio?iea. Yoi oaeaea
iicaieeei ioeaieoue IA o ianeaaeiaaiiuo eeoe, enoiaey ia ec a?oiiiauo
oa?aeoa?enoee, a niioaaonoaaiii auaeaeaiui aeeaiaciiai cia/aiee,
eioi?ua ioia?aaeatho aa ieceee, oia?aiiue, oia?aiii iiauoaiiue e aunieee
o?iaaiue.

Enneaaeiaaiea naycae iaaeaeo no?oeoo?iuie e ooieoeeiiaeueiuie
iieacaoaeyie iicaieeei onoaiiaeoue, /oi i?e oia?aiiii e oia?aiii
iiauoaiiii o?iaia IA e?iae i?aiaeaaeatho IA ii?iaeueiiai no?iaiey n
i?eciaeaie aeoeaaoeee aac iia?aaeaeaiey eeaoi/iuo no?oeoo?, eo
ii?oiiao?e/aneea oa?aeoa?enoeee eaaeao a aeeaiaciiao oia?aiiuo e
oia?aiii iiauoaiiuo cia/aiee ia?aiao?ia. I?e aunieii e ieceii o?iaia IA
e?iae cia/eoaeueiay /anoue eeaoie eiaao i?eciaee aeoeaaoeee e
aeia?aeoeaaoeee n iia?aaeaeaieai eeaoi/iuo no?oeoo? e iaia?ai, eo
ii?oiiao?e/aneea iieacaoaee eaaeao a aeeaiaciiao ieceeo e aunieeo
cia/aiee ia?aiao?ia. Yoi niaeanoaony n iiyaeaieai eeaoie, eioi?ua eiatho
aieueooth ieiuaaeue oeeoiieaciu, ii ieceia niaea?aeaiea aco?ioeeueiuo
a?aioe e ieceoth aeoeaiinoue oa?iaioa ieaeiia?ieneaeacu. Auyaeaiiay
caeiiiia?iinoue iicaieeea n/eoaoue aieueooth ieiuaaeue eeaoie iai?yiui
e?eoa?eai ieceiai aaeoa?eoeeaeiiai iioaioeeaea, a i?e auyaeaiee ii
aeaiiui eiaeeaeaeoaeueiie oeeoia?aiu 30,0 % e aieaa oaeeo eeaoie —
e?eoa?eai ianinoiyoaeueiinoe eenei?iaecaaeneiie nenoaiu IA e?iae.

IA yaeyaony eioaa?aeueiui iieacaoaeai ooieoeeiiaeueiiai ninoiyiey
oaaioeeoia e?iae, iiyoiio aeey iieo/aiey eioaa?aeueiie ii?oieiae/aneie
ioeaiee nenoaiu IA e?iae ia iniiaaiee aeaiiuo oeueo?ano?oeoo?iiai e
ii?oiiao?e/aneiai aiaeeca ?ac?aaioai iaoiae iino?iaiey ii?oia?ai e
ii?aaeaeaiey n eo iiiiuueth e?eoa?eaa IOI nenoaiu IA e aa noaiaie.
Oaeie iiaeoiae iicaieyao niioianoe no?oeoo?iua eciaiaiey a eeaoeao n
o?iaiai IA e?iae e auyaeoue eo oanioth naycue n oa/aieai aieacie.
Onoaiiaeaii, /oi IOI ? noaiaie aieaa oa?aeoa?ia aeey aeiii?ia; ??
noaiaie — aeey aieueiuo n eieaeueiuie o?iie/aneeie ainiaeeoaeueiuie
caaieaaaieyie; ??? noaiaie — aeey aieueiuo n iineaiia?aoeeiiiuie
aiieii-naioe/aneeie ineiaeiaieyie.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: iaeo?ioeeueiua a?aioeioeeou, oeueo?ano?oeoo?a,
ii?oiiao?ey, ieneaeaioiay aeoeaiinoue.

ABSTRACT

Tumasova K.P. Morpho-functional characteristics of oxydant activity
neutrophile granulocytes.

Thesis for candidate’s dissertation of bioligical sciences degree by
specialy 14.03.09- histology, cytology, embriology.

The ultrastructural and morphometric analisis of neutrophilic
granulocytes sistem by determination morphofunctional insufficiency
(MFI) and its degres, permits to connect structural changes in cells
with the level of oxydant activity of blood and has hard tie with
clinical course of the disease. It’s established that the first degree
of MFI is typical for donors and patients with lymphedema, the second
degree — for patients with chronic local inflammation, the third degree
— for patients with septic-purulent complications.

Keywords: neutrophile granulocytes, ultrastructural morphometry,
oxydative activity.

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