?INOEOOO IAAeAAIA?EE AII OE?A?IE

AI?AeA Ia??y Noaiai?aia

OAeE 4O (077)

II?AEUeII-AOE*IA AEOIAAIIss NOOAeAIO?A IAAeO*EEEUA

A I?IOeAN? AEA*AIIss E?OA?AOO?E ??AeIIAI E?ATH

13.00.02 – oai??y oa iaoiaeeea iaa/aiiy oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a-1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?inoeooo? iaaeaaia?ee AII Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Aieioeia I?ea Einei?aia,

?inoeooo iaaeaaia?ee AII Oe?a?ie,

caa?aeoaa/ eaai?aoi??? iaoiaeeee e?oa?aoo?e

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Ian?/iee ?aaai Aiae??eiae/,

Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i. I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa,

i?ioani? eaoaae?e iaoiaeeee oe?a?inueei? iiae ? e?oa?aoo?e

eaiaeeaeao iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

AEeea Na?oeaia Ieaen??aia,

*a?i?a?anueeee iaeaniee ?inoeooo i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e oe?a?iiciaanoaa

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Eai’yiaoeue-Iiae?euenueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee
oi?aa?neoao, eaoaae?a oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe
Oe?a?ie, i. Eai’yiaoeue-Iiae?euenueeee

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 28 ea?oiy 1999 ?. i 14.00 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 26.452.02 a ?inoeooo? iaaeaaia?ee AII
Oe?a?ie (252053, i. Ee?a, aoe. A?oaia 52-A).

?c aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a iaoeia?e /anoei? ?inoeoooo
iaaeaaia?ee AII Oe?a?ie

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 25 aa?aciy 1999 ?.

O/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee I.A.
Aiiaea?aiei

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy. ?icaoaeiaa iacaeaaeii? oe?a?inueei?
aea?aeaae iaiiaeeeaa aac iiiaeaii? iaoe?iiaeueii? ina?oe, ?ic?iaee
i?ia?aneaieo oaoiieia?e, aoiai?caoe??, aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? oa ?ioaa?aoe??
iaa/aiiy, iaoeiai ia??oioiaaii? nenoaie ii?aeueii-aoe/iiai aeoiaaiiy
iaeaooi?o a?iiaaeyi OO? noie?ooy. Oeea?e?ciaai?e ?a?iiaenuee?e aea?aeaa?
Oe?a?i? iio??ai? niaoe?ae?noe c aenieei i?ioan?eieie ? a?iiaaeyinueeeie
yeinoyie, no?eeeie ii?aeueii-aoe/ieie ia?aeiiaiiyie, c aenieei ??aiai
iaoe?iiaeueii? naiina?aeiiino?.

Oni?oia ae??oaiiy oeeo aaaeeeaeo caaaeaiue iiaeeeaa ca oiiae ii?aeiaiiy
a iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiio i?ioean? aoaeoeaii? iaaeaaia?/ii? ae?yeueiino? oa
canaae iaoe?iiaeueiiai aeoiaaiiy. *a?ac oea c?inoa? ?ieue aoiai?oa?ieo
i?aaeiao?a, ? ianaiia?aae oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e.

Na?aae iniiaieo oeyo?a ye?niiai ?aoi?ioaaiiy aeeeaaeaiiy oe?a?inueei?
e?oa?aoo?e o iaaeaaia?/ieo o/eeeuao aecia/a?oueny i?iaaaeaiiy
iaoeiai-aeine?aeieoeueei? oa aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?iaioe uiaei
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?iiiaaoe?e, ?icaeoie oai?/eo cae?aiinoae iaeaooi?o
ina?oyi, oe?iea aeei?enoaiiy e?oa?aoo?iiai e?a?ciaanoaa, yea i?eeo/a?
iieiaeue aei aeooiaieo nea?a?a ??aeiiai e?ath, ni?ey? aeoiaaiith aenieeo
ii?aeueii-aoe/ieo ii/ooo?a.

Aaaaoia?aii? aniaeoe ii?aeueii-aoe/iiai aeoiaaiiy iniaenoino? ciaeoee
nai? a?aeia?aaeaiiy o i?aoeyo o?einio?a I.Aa?aey?aa, A.Neiai?iaee,
A.Oei?ainueeiai, ?.O?aiea, iaaeaaia?a O.Ae/aanueei?, A.Aauaiea,
ss.Eiiainueeiai, ?.Ia??iea, A.Nooiieeinueeiai, E.Ooeinueeiai, no/anieo
a/aieo TH.Aaaainueeiai, ?.Aaoa, I.Aieioeii?, A.Eainueei?, ?.Ian?/ieea,
I.Noaeueiaoiae/a, A.Noaiaieoeia.

Aiae?c o?einionueei?, ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? oa iaoiaee/ii? e?oa?aoo?e
iieacaa, ui a?eueo?noue aaoi??a ?icaeyaeathoue i?iaeaio
ii?aeueii-aoe/iiai aeoiaaiiy iniaenoino? a eiioaeno? iaoe?iiaeueiiai,
i?aaiooue aeoiaaoe oai?/i ieney/o ethaeeio, iao??ioa Oe?a?ie, niiaiaiiai
iioaie aei iaoa?ecie, aei iaea?/ieo caaaeueiiethaenueeeo
aenieiii?aeueieo /aniio. Oai?aoe/iee aiae?c aeine?aeaeoaaii? i?iaeaie
cana?ae/ea, ui a?eueo?noue iaoeiaoe?a-aeine?aeiee?a aaaaeathoue cia/iei
i?ae??oioyi ii?aeueii-aoe/iiai aeoiaaiiy iieiae? aaaaeaiiy aei eo?no
i?ia?aie c e?oa?aoo?e o oeieao ? aeueo i?ioan?eieo iaa/aeueieo caeeaaeao
?icae?eo “E?oa?aoo?a ??aeiiai e?ath”. Aeineiiaea aea/aiiy e?oa?aoo?iiai
e?a?ciaanoaa ni?ey? aeoiaaiith iaoe?iiaeueii? naiina?aeiiino?, oi?io?
aenie? ii?aeueii-aoe/i? ii/oooy, caoaeaeo? iioya aei ooaeiaeiuei?
oai?/ino?. Aiaeii/an oe?ea iecea aniaeo?a o oe?e aaaeeea?e ? neeaaei?e
i?iaeai? ua iaaeinoaoiuei aea/aia. Cie?aia, ia ocaaaeueiaii aeina?aeo
?iaioe c ieoaiue aoaeoeaiiai aea/aiiy ?icae?eo “E?oa?aoo?a ??aeiiai
e?ath” o iaaeaaia?/ieo o/eeeuao, ia aecia/aii ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ieo
oiia aoaeoeaiiai oi?ioaaiiy ii?aeueii-aoe/ieo ii/ooo?a o iaeaooi?o
o/eoae?a i?ae /an aea/aiiy e?oa?aoo?iiai e?a?ciaanoaa, iaaeinoaoiuei
?ic?iaeaii ?aoe?iiaeuei? oi?ie ? iaoiaee aeiai?o e?oa?aoo?iiai iaoa??aeo
oa aca?iica’yceo eeanii? ? iicaeeanii? ?iaioe.

Iniaeeai? oaaae iio?aao? aea/aiiy aieeao oai??a e?oa?aoo?iiai
e?a?ciaanoaa ia noaiiaeaiiy a?iiaaeyinueeino?, ii?aeueii-aoe/iiai
cioaei?iiy, c?inoaiiy i?ioan?eii? iaenoa?iino? iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a. O
i?aeoeoe? ?iaioe iaaeaaia?/ieo o/eeeu ua ia noai?aii oe?e?nii? nenoaie
aoaeoeaiiai aea/aiiy e?oa?aoo?e ??aeiiai e?ath c aeei?enoaiiyi
iaeiia?oeo oi?i ? iaoiae?a i?aai?caoe?? iaa/aeueii-aeoiaii? ?iaioe,
iiaeaethaaiiy aeoiaieo neooaoe?e c iaoith ye?niiai ii?aeueii-aoe/iiai
aeoiaaiiy eeaniaiae?a iaoe?iiaeueii? oeiee.

sse cana?ae/ea aiae?c iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ii? e?oa?aoo?e, i?iaeaia
ii?aeueii-aoe/iiai aeoiaaiiy nooaeaio?a iaaeaaia?/ieo o/eeeu caniaaie
e?oa?aoo?iiai e?a?ciaanoaa aeine?aeaeaia iaaeinoaoiuei. O?eaaeee /an a
oiiaao oi?oa?ii? aea?aeaae ia iiaea aooe ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy
i?iaeaia ii?aeueii-aoe/iiai aeoiaaiiy iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a a eiioaeno?
iaoe?iiaeueii? oeiee. Iaoe?iiaeueia o?aeooaaeiny ye ?aeaioe/ia
ia?o?eii-eeaniaiio, ?aaeyinueeiio.

Caaaeath/e ia iaaeinoaoith oai?aoe/io ? i?aeoe/io ?ic?iaeai?noue
i?iaeaie, iaiao?aei?noue a?eueo iiaii? ?aae?caoe??
iaa/aeueii-i?ciaaaeueieo, aeoiaieo ? ?icaeaaeueieo iiaeeeainoae oai??a
e?oa?aoo?iiai e?a?ciaanoaa, i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy ii?aeueii-aoe/ii?
aeoiaaiino? iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a, ?o i?ioan?eii? iaenoa?iino?, aecia/a?ii
oaio aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, eiai ia’?eo, iaoo ? caaaeaiiy.

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? i?ioean aea/aiiy oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e o
iaaeaaia?/ieo o/eeeuao, a i?aaeiaoii — ci?no, oi?ie, iaoiaee ? i?eeiie
ii?aeueii-aoe/iiai aeoiaaiiy iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a i?ae /an aea/aiiy
e?oa?aoo?e ??aeiiai e?ath.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a ?ic?iaoe? iaoeiai ia??oioiaaii? aoaeoeaii?
iaoiaeeee oi?ioaaiiy ii?aeueii-aoe/ii? aeoiaaiino? nooaeaio?a
iaaeo/eeeua a i?ioean? aea/aiiy e?oa?aoo?e ??aeiiai e?ath.

Aeoiaeeii c i?eiouaiiy, ui aeoiaaiiy iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a iaoe?iiaeueii?
ii/aoeiai? oeiee a aeon? ii?aeueii-aoe/ieo ?aeaae?a ia o?ieao
e?oa?aoo?iiai e?a?ciaanoaa Aoeiaeie aoaea iaea?eueo ?acoeueoaoeaiei,
yeui:

a) caaacia/oaaoeiaoueny aeeaiei i?iaeoiaia nenoaia oi?ioaaiiy
ii?aeueii-aoe/ieo ia?aeiiaiue oa oe?ii?nieo i???ioaoe?e;

a) aoaea c?iaeaii iaeaaeiee aea?? ? ocaaaeueiaiiy oaeo?a
ii?aeueii-aoe/iiai oa?aeoa?o;

a) o?iee e?oa?aoo?iiai e?a?ciaanoaa a?aecia/aoeiooueny iniaeno?nii
i???ioiaaiith nenoaiith iaa/aiiy oa aeoiaaiiy, aenieith aeoeai?noth,
aiioe?ei?noth, oai?/ith iiooeia?noth oa ??ciiiai?oi?noth iaoiae?a ?
i?eeii?a;

a) oe?iei ai?iaaaeaeoaaoeiaoueny aoeiaeinueea neiaie?ea, oieueeei?i?
aeaea?aea, iiaeaethaaoeiooueny oae? iaa/aeueii-aeoiai? neooaoe??, ye?
aoaeooue noeioethaaoe iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a aei oai?/iai ieneaiiy, aeanieo
noaeaeaiue i?i oai?e, a/eiee ? iiienee e?oa?aoo?ieo ia?niiaae?a oa
e??e/ieo aa?i?a, aei ia??oioiaaii? ioe?iee c iiceoe?e
caaaeueiiethaenueeeo ii?aeueii-aoe/ieo oe?iiinoae;

ae) aoaea cae?eniaii i?iaeoe?th ii?aeueii-aoe/ieo ?aeaae?a ia
no/ani?noue, aecia/aii ?ieue iiiyoue: /anoue, nia?noue, a?aei?noue,
aeia?ioa, ni?aaaaeeea?noue, aeia?ice/eea?noue, ii?yaei?noue,
i?eioeeiia?noue, oaeoiai?noue, i?aaaeea?noue oa ?o aioeiiae?a o
oi?ioaaii? ii?aeueii-aoe/ieo ii/ooo?a, ??aiy ii?aeueii-aoe/ii?
aeoiaaiino? oa iaaeaaia?/iiai oaeoo iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iaoe oa ia?aa??ee a?iioace aeine?aeaeaiiy iaiao?aeii
aoei ?ica’ycaoe oae? caaaeaiiy:

1) cae?enieoe oai?aoe/iee aiae?c i?iaeaie ii?aeueii-aoe/iiai aeoiaaiiy
ye aecia/aeueiiai oaeoi?a i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee a/eoaey;

2) ?ic?iaeoe nenoaio ii?aeueii-aoe/iiai aeoiaaiiy nooaeaio?a iaaeo/eeeua
caniaaie e?oa?aoo?iiai e?a?ciaanoaa;

3) aecia/eoe aoaeoeai? oeyoe i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy ii?aeueii-aoe/ii?
aeoiaaiino? iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a i?ae /an aea/aiiy e?oa?aoo?e ??aeiiai
e?ath;

4) ia?aa??eoe aoaeoeai?noue cai?iiiiiaaii? iaoiaeeee ia i?aeoeoe?.

O i?ioean? aeeiiaiiy oeeo caaaeaiue aeei?enoiaoaaeeny oai?aoe/i? oa
aii??e/i? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Oai?aoe/i? iaoiaee: aiae?c ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? oa iaoiaee/ii?
e?oa?aoo?e o i?ioean? aea/aiiy oai?aoe/ieo canaae i?iaeaie,
?ao?iniaeoeaiee oa i?iaiinoe/iee aiae?c e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae, iaoiae
oai?aoe/iiai aiae?co oa neioaco i?ae /an aecia/aiiy iaoe, i?aaeiaoa,
a?iioace oa caaaeaiue aeine?aeaeaiiy, oai?aoe/ia inieneaiiy ?
ocaaaeueiaiiy ia?aaeiaiai iaaeaaia?/iiai aeina?aeo naiiai aeena?oaioa oa
aeeeaaea/?a e?oa?aoo?e iaaeaaia?/ieo o/eeeu Cao?aeiiai ?aa?iio Oe?a?ie,
oaoi?eoi?a ? eieaaeae?a Aoeiaeie.

Aii??e/i?: aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a ianoaaeaiue ??ai?a ii?aeueii-aoe/ii?
aeoiaaiino? nooaeaio?a iaaeo/eeeua, oi?ioth/ee aenia?eiaio, aan?aee c
aeeeaaea/aie-neiaanieeaie, eeanieie ea??aieeaie, eeaniaiaeaie aaciaeo
oe?e oa iaeaooi?ie a/eoaeyie, aieaooaaiiy, aiae?c nooaeaionueeeo oai?/eo
?ia?o, aea/aiiy ?acoeueoao?a iaa/aeueii-aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino? nooaeaio?a
iaaeo/eeeua.

Aeena?oaoe?eia aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeiny ia aac? iaaeaaia?/iiai
o/eeeua *a?i?aaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. TH. Oaaeueeiae/a,
oaoi?eoi?a ? eieaaeae?a *a?i?aaoeueei? iaeano?. Aenia?eiaioaeueiei
aea/aiiyi aeey caaacia/aiiy a??ia?aeiino? ?acoeueoao?a aoei ioiieaii 650
nooaeaio?a aeioneieo a?oi iaaeaaia?/ieo o/eeeu Cao?aeiiai ?aa?iio
Oe?a?ie.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeiny a o?e aoaie ai?iaeiaae 1989-1998 ??.

Ia ia?oiio, i?aeaioia/iio aoai? (1989-1992 ??.) iaa i?noea
?ioi?iaoe?eiee iiooe oeyo?a ?ica’ycaiiy i?iaeaie ii?aeueii-aoe/iiai
aeoiaaiiy iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a ia iaoa??ae? e?oa?aoo?iiai e?a?ciaanoaa
Aoeiaeie, ui aeaei iiaeeea?noue cina?aaeeoe oaaao ia caeiaooeao
a?o/eciyii? oa na?oiai? iaaeaaia?ee ?c cacia/aii? i?iaeaie, i?iaanoe
oai?/? cono??/? c ienueiaiieeaie Aoeiaeie, na??th oai?/eo o?ie?a ca
o/anoth aaoi??a oai??a, ui aiae?coaaeeny.

Ia ae?oaiio aoai? (1993-1994 ??.) aoei aenoiooi e?eueea ?iai/eo a?iioac
uiaei oi?ioaaiiy ii?aeueii-aoe/ieo ii/ooo?a o iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a,
i?iaaaeaii eiinoaooth/? c??ce oa i?iaiae?ciaaii ?o ?acoeueoaoe, a oaeiae
noai?aii i?ia?aie aenia?eiaioaeueiiai aeoiaaiiy ia o?ieao oe?a?inueei?
e?oa?aoo?e, ye? ??oioothoueny ia aeaai?o o?aaeeoe?yo aeooiaiino?
aoeiaeinueeiai e?ath, aooeoeuenueei? ioaeiino?, eeoea?nueei? caeoyae ?
iao??ioecio.

Ia o?aoueiio aoai? (1995-1998 ??.) cae?enithaaeinue aenia?eiaioaeueia
iaa/aiiy e ia?aa??ea aoaeoeaiino? cai?iiiiiaaieo iaoiaee/ieo i?eeii?a
aeey iioeiaeueiiai canai?iiy ? iiaeeaeaiiy ciaiue iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a i?i
oai?/?noue aoeiaeinueeeo ienueiaiiee?a oa aeoiaaiiy ii?aeueii-aoe/ieo
ii/ooo?a, no?eeeo a?iiaaeyinueeeo ia?aeiiaiue ia iaoa??ae? oai??a
e?oa?aoo?iiai e?a?ciaanoaa Aoeiaeie.

Iaoeiao iiaecio aeine?aeaeaiiy noaiiaeyoue oai?aoe/ia ia??oiooaaiiy oa
aenia?eiaioaeueia ?aae?caoe?y nenoaie ?iaioe c ieoaiue
ii?aeueii-aoe/iiai aeoiaaiiy iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a ia o?ieao e?oa?aoo?iiai
e?a?ciaanoaa Aoeiaeie. A iniiao nenoaie iieeaaeaii aoaeoeaio iaoiaeeeo
aea/aiiy e?oa?aoo?e ??aeiiai e?ath, ui ni?ey? oi?ioaaiith o iaeaooi?o
o/eoae?a ii/aoeiaeo eean?a iiiaeaii? oeiee iniaeno?niiai noaaeaiiy aei
ii?aeueii-aoe/ii? i?iaeaiaoeee oai??a e?oa?aoo?iiai e?a?ciaanoaa,
caaacia/o? ni?eeiaiiy oa inieneaiiy ?o ia aenieiio ?ioaeaeooaeueiiio oa
ii?aeueii-aoe/iiio ??ai?. Icia/aii e?eoa??? ii?aeueii-aoe/ii?
aeoiaaiino? nooaeaio?a iaaeo/eeeua, oaeineiiaeaii iaoiaeeeo iiaoaiiiai
cae?eniaiiy ii?aeueii-aoe/iiai aeoiaaiiy iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a o i?ioean?
aea/aiiy e?oa?aoo?e ??aeiiai e?ath.

Oai?aoe/ia cia/ou?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a iaoeiaiio inieneaii? oa
ia??oiooaaii? i?ioeano oi?ioaaiiy ii?aeueii-aoe/ieo ii/ooo?a, no?eeeo
a?iiaaeyinueeeo ia?aeiiaiue o iaeaooi?o a/eoae?a iaoe?iiaeueii? oeiee
i?ae /an aea/aiiy e?oa?aoo?iiai e?a?ciaanoaa.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy – a ai?iaaoe?? iaa/aeueii-aeoiaii?
nenoaie ?iaioe, ni?yiiaaii? ia aoaeoeaia aea/aiiy e?oa?aoo?e ??aeiiai
e?ath, oe?ieiio aeei?enoaii? aeoiaiiai iioaioe?aeo e?oa?aoo?e Aoeiaeie.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy cae?enithaaeany oeyoii
ioae?eoaaiiy noaoae, /eoaiiy eaeoe?e, aeaieioaiiy aeiiia?aeae ia
eiioa?aioe?yo, iaoeiaeo can?aeaiiyo, iaoiaee/ieo nai?ia?ao, o yeeo
iiioey?ecoaaeeny iniiai? ?aea? ii?aeueii-aoe/iiai aeoiaaiiy nooaeaio?a
caniaaie e?oa?aoo?iiai e?a?ciaanoaa. ?acoeueoaoe aeiiia?aeaeeny ia
can?aeaiiyo eaai?aoi??? iaoiaeeee e?oa?aoo?e ?inoeoooo iaaeaaia?ee AII
Oe?a?ie, iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo oai?/i i?aoethth/eo
aeeeaaea/?a e?oa?aoo?e aeueo i?ioan?eieo iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a c ieoaiue
i?aeaioiaee iieiaeoeo niaoe?ae?no?a (i. Ee?a, 1989-92 ??.), iaeanieo
iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo aeeeaaea/?a neiaaniee?a oa a/eoae?a
ii/aoeiaeo eean?a (i. *a?i?aoe?, 1996-98 ??.) o *a?i?aaoeueeiio
iaeaniiio iaoeiai-iaoiaee/iiio ?inoeooo? i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe
(1997-98 ??.), I?aeia?iaei?e iaaeaaia?/i?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? “Nenoaia iaia?a?aii? ina?oe: caeiaooee, iiooee, i?iaeaie”
(i. *a?i?aoe?, 1996 ?.), iaeani?e ineoieia?/i?e eiioa?aioe??
“?iaeea?aeoaeueiee i?aeo?ae aei iniaenoino? aeioe?eueiiai ? iieiaeoiai
oe?eueiiai a?eo” (i. *a?i?aoe?, 1998 ?.), iaoeiaeo nai?ia?ao eaoaae?
oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e, iaaeaaia?ee ? ineoieia?? *a?i?aaoeueeiai
aea?aeoi?aa?neoaoo ?i. TH. Oaaeueeiae/a (1994-98 ??.), anaoe?a?inueeeo
?aa?iiaeueieo i?aeoe/ieo nai?ia?ao aeeeaaea/?a-neiaaniee?a iaaeaaia?/ieo
o/eeeu (i. *a?i?aoe?, 1995-97 ??.), can?aeaiiyo iaeanii?
iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ii? eii?n?? aeeeaaea/?a oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e aeueo
i?ioan?eieo iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a (i. *a?i?aoe?, 1995-98 ??.), ia
eo?nao, nai?ia?ao i?aoe?aiee?a ina?oe, iaoiaeeno?a, eeanieo ea??aiee?a
oa o/eoae?a ii/aoeiaeo eean?a caaaeueiiina?oi?o oe?e.

No?oeoo?a oa iniiaiee ci?no ?iaioe

Aeena?oaoe?eia aeine?aeaeaiiy neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, aeaio ?icae?e?a,
caaaeueieo aeniiae?a oa nieneo aeei?enoaieo e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae, ianya
?iaioe – 150 noi??iie iniiaiiai oaenoo (a oiio /ene? 9 oaaeeoeue),
nienie aeei?enoaieo e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae i?noeoue 205 iaeiaioaaiue.

O anooi? iiaeaii ia??oiooaaiiy aeooaeueiino? i?iaeaie, aecia/aii ia’?eo,
i?aaeiao, iaoo, caaaeaiiy oa a?iioaco aeine?aeaeaiiy, ioa?aeoa?eciaaii
iaoiaee oa aoaie aenia?eiaioaeueii-aeine?aeieoeueei? ?iaioe, ?ice?eoi
a??ia?aei?noue, iaoeiao iiaecio, oai?aoe/io ? i?aeoe/io cia/ou?noue
iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? – “Aei oai?aoe/ieo canaae ii?aeueii-aoe/iiai
aeoiaaiiy iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a ia o?ieao e?oa?aoo?e” – aena?oeththoueny
oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/i? ia?aaeoiiae aeine?aeaeaiiy, ?icaeyaea?oueny
nooue ii?aeueii-aoe/iiai aeoiaaiiy iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a caniaaie
oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e o o?einionuee?e, iaaeaaia?/i?e oa ineoieia?/i?e
iaooe?.

Aiae?c o?einionueeeo, iaaeaaia?/ieo, ineoieia?/ieo oa e?oa?aoo?iciaa/eo
i?aoeue aeicaieea aeae?eeoe iaea?eueo aaaeeea? aniaeoe aeine?aeaeoaaii?
i?iaeaie: c’ynoaaiiy ci?noo ii?aeueii-aoe/iiai aeoiaaiiy iaeaooi?o
o/eoae?a caniaaie oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e a eiioaeno? a?ae?iaeaeaiiy
iaoe?iiaeueii? oeiee.

A?eueo?noue o?einio?a noiaeyoueny ia oiio, ui niaoeeo?ea aoeee iieyaa? o
oi?ioaaii? ??ciiiai?oieo i?ioan?eieo eiaeaen?a ii?ae?: aoeee a/eoaey,
a/aiiai, e?ea?y, noaeiai? aoeee, aoeee a?ciano oiui. Eeth/iaeie
eaoaai??yie aoeee o?einioe aaaaeathoue: aeia?i, cei, ni?aaaaeeea?noue,
iaia’ycie, nia?noue, /anoue, a?aei?noue, uanoy, ??ai?noue, naiaiaeo,
ieeina?aey.

Nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/i? aniaeoe ii?aeueii-aoe/iiai aeoiaaiiy — i?aaeiao
aeine?aeaeaiiy ?.Aaoa, E.Aiaeiae/, I.Ai?eoaanueeiai, O.Aaa?eeiai?,
A.Caoa?iai?, E.Eieueaa?aa, A.Noaionueeiai, E.Ooeinueeiai,
A.*oaeiianueeiai, N.sseianii, I.sseianiia. Oae, E.Ooeinueeee o nai?e
eeaneo?eaoe?? ii/ooo?a iniaeeai aeae?ey? aeooiai?, ai aiie iaea?eueo
iiaii a?aeia?aaeathoue ii?aeueii-aoe/io nooi?noue na?aeiiino? ethaeeie.
A oai??? ii?aeueii? nioe?ae?caoe?? E.Eieueaa?aa a?aeia?aaeaii
aca?iica’ycie ?icoiiai? ? ii?aeueii-aoe/ii? noa? ?icaeoeo.

Ia i?eioeeiao ? o?aaeeoe?yo ia?iaeii? iaaeaaia?ee cae?enithaaeinue
ii?aeueii-aoe/ia aeoiaaiiy o aeaiie?aoe/ieo iaa/aeueieo caeeaaeao
Oe?a?ie a XVI-XVII noie?ooyo. C?aceii oaeeo caeeaae?a aoee
cao?aeiioe?a?inuee? a?aonuee? oeiee, ye? aa?a?aee a naaa iaaeaaia?/i?
?aea?, aaaaoi-a?eiaee ia?iaeiee aeina?ae a?o/eciyii? iaaeaaia?ee oa
i?ia?aneai? iaaeaaia?/i? caeiaooee Caoiaeo.

Aaeeeiai cia/aiiy iaaeaaaa ii?aeueii-aoe/iiio aeoiaaiith o nai?o oai?ao
A?eai??e Neiai?iaea. A?i caiaaiya, ui iaeieo ciaiue aeey ethaeeie a
aeeoo? iaaeinoaoiuei, o?aaa ?? aeoiaaoe ii?aeueii. Ia aeoieo A.
Neiai?iaee, aeia?a aeoiaaio ethaeeio oa?aeoa?ecothoue oae? ii?aeuei?
yeino?, ye ethaia aei A?o/ecie ? i?aoe?, /ani?noue, i?aaaeea?noue,
ne?iii?noue, neea aie?, ii/oooy ethaenueei? a?aeiino? oa ae?oaeae.

O nai?e aaaaoia?aii?e ? ??ciiaeai?ia?e oai?/ino? O.Oaa/aiei i?aei?iaa
?aeath iaiao?aeiino? canai?iiy e?aueo ii?aeueieo o?aaeeoe?e ? cae/a?a
oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo. O ooaeiaei?o, ioae?oeenoe/ieo oai?ao, a oaeiae o
nai?io “Uiaeaiieeo” O.Oaa/aiei ?aaeea aeoiaoaaoe ethaeeio-a?iiaaeyieia,
neeueio nai?ie ia?aeiiaiiyie, aeeaiei a?aeaeaio ia?iaeia?.

Nie?ath/enue ia aeinyaiaiiy na?oiai? o?einio??, ?.O?aiei a aaeoc? ii?ae?
oa aoeee aeoiaeea c oiai, ui ii?aeueii-aoe/i? ii?ie ? eaoaai???
caeaaeaoue a?ae eiie?aoii-?noi?e/ieo oiia ?icaeoeo noni?eueiiai aeeooy ?
? a?aeia?aaeaiiyi eiai caeiiii??iinoae. ??cei e?eoeeoaaa ?.O?aiei
iaioth/? iaoiaee aeoiaaiiy a oiai/anieo a?iiac?yo ? ia?iaeieo oeieao
Aaee/eie oa Aoeiaeie: aaoi?eoa?eci, o?eani? iiea?aiiy, ciaaaaa aei
ae?oae, aeocoaaiiy oa ciouaiiy, ooenee aoaeue-yeiai i?iyao iniaenoino?.

Cia/iee aianie a aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeai ii?aeueii-aoe/iiai aeoiaaiiy
c?iaea aecia/iee iaaeaaia ? a/aiee A.Nooiieeinueeee. A?i aoa
ia?aeiiaiee, ui o?eueee /a?ac aeoiaaiiy /oeiino?, aeia?ioe,
ni?aia?aaeeaaiiy iiaeeeaa aeoiaaiiy ni?aaaeiuei? ethaeeie.
A.Nooiieeinueeee aeine?aeaeoaaa i?iaeaio aca?ii?icaeoeo ?
aca?iicaeaaeiino? i?ae aiioe?eiei noaiii o/i?a oa ?o ?icoiiaei,
ii?aeueii-aoe/iei ?icaeoeii, oi?ioaaiiyi no?eeeo ia?aeiiaiue iieiaeeo
ethaeae. O/aiee ?ic?iaea na??th ii?aeueii-aoe/ieo aan?ae, ni?yiiaaieo ia
naiii?ciaiiy, naiiaeoiaaiiy, naiiaaeineiiaeaiiy iieiaei? ethaeeie.

O eiioaeno? i?iaiae?ciaaieo iaoeiaeo aeaea?ae aecia/a?ii
ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/iee aniaeo ci?noo ii?aeueii-aoe/iiai aeoiaaiiy, yeei
aoaeaii ea?oaaoenue o aeine?aeaeaii?:

— ?icaeoie o aeoiaaioe?a ii?aeueii-aoe/ii? na?aeiiino? – oi?ioaaiiy
iio?aa iioeaaoe?eii? noa?e ? ica?i?iiy ciaiiyie noo?, ii?i ? i?aaee
ii?aeueii? iiaaae?iee;

— ae?iaeaiiy ? ?icaeoie ii?aeueii-aoe/ieo ii/ooo?a;

— oi?ioaaiiy ? cae??ieaiiy no?eeeo ii?aeueii-aoe/ieo ai?iue, iaae/ie ?
cae/ie;

— iino?eia ci?oeiaiiy aie? oa cae??ieaiiy iiceoeaieo ?en oa?aeoa?o;

— iinooiiaa iiaeeaeaia ?icoi?iiy ci?noo ii?aeueii-aoe/ieo ii?i ? aeiia,
iaieiae?iiy neeaaei?oeie oi?iaie iiaaae?iee.

O ?icae?e? i?iaiae?ciaaii ci?no ii?aeueii-aoe/iiai aeoiaaiiy iaeaooi?o
o/eoae?a o eiioaeno? a?ae?iaeaeaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii? oeiee.

A?aecia/a?oueny aianie o ?icaeoie iacaaii? i?iaeaie aecia/ieo iiai?iee?a
oe?a?inueei? iaoe??, iaaeaaia?a-i?ina?oeoae?a X.Ae/aanueei?, A.Aauaiea,
I.Aeoiaanueeiai, I.A?ooaanueeiai, I.Eia?einueei?, I.Iaeiaay,
E.Iaeeoeueei?, I.Iiiiae/a, N.?oniai?, TH.Oaaeueeiae/a. Iniaeeaee aeoeaio
c?iaeaii ia iaaeaaia?/iiio aei?iaeo c i?iaeai ii?aeueii-aoe/iiai
aeoiaaiiy e?aueo aeioneiee?a *a?i?aaoeueei? a/eoaeuenueei? nai?ia??? –
o/i?a I. Iaeiaay, iani?aaaaeeeai caaooeo ienueiaiiee?a Aoeiaeie:
Ae.Oi?ia’thea, ?.Aaaeainueeiai, ?.Aeiu?aieea.

O aeine?aeaeaiiyo no/anieo a/aieo c icia/aii? i?iaeaie i?aee?aneth?oueny
ae??oaeueia ?ieue iaoe?iiaeueii? ?aea? o ii?aeueii-aoe/iiio aeoiaaii?
?iaeea?aeooia: “Iaoe?iiaeueia ?aeay ? aeno?aiaeueiith a oiiaao e?ece,
eiee ethaeeia ia ciaoiaeeoue iiaeeeaino?, uia iiaiith i??ith ?aae?coaaoe
naaa. ? oiae? iaoe?iiaeueia ?aeay noa? nenoaiith ei??iieo ia?aeiiaiue,
inoaoi/iei iiaeyaeii ethaeeie ia aeeooy, ia na?o, a yeee aiia iia??eea”.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? – “Iaoiaee/i? oa oai?aoe/i? aniaeoe aea/aiiy
e?oa?aoo?e ??aeiiai e?ath a iaaeaaia?/iiio o/eeeu?” – iiaeaii oai?aoe/ia
iaa?oiooaaiiy aeine?aeieoeueei-aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?iaioe c
ii?aeueii-aoe/iiai aeoiaaiiy iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a ii/aoeiaeo eean?a
caniaaie e?oa?aoo?iiai e?a?ciaanoaa, aecia/athoueny e?eoa???, iieacieee,
aoaie ? ??ai? ?acoeueoaoeaiino? oi?ioaaiiy ii?aeueii-aoe/ieo ii/ooo?a ia
o?ieao e?oa?aoo?iiai e?a?ciaanoaa oa a iicaeeani?e ?iaio?, ?ice?eoi
iaoiaeeeo cae?eniaiiy ii?aeueii-aoe/iiai aeoiaaiiy ia o?ieao
e?oa?aoo?iiai e?a?ciaanoaa, ?ic?iaeaii nenoaio aenia?eiaioaeueieo o?ie?a
oa iicaeeanieo aeoiaieo caoiae?a c e?oa?aoo?iiai e?a?ciaanoaa Aoeiaeie,
aeiaaaeaii aoaeoeai?noue cai?iiiiiaaii? iaoiaeeee.

Iinoaaeaia o aeine?aeaeaii? caaaeaiiy iiooeo aoaeoeaieo oi?i ? iaoiae?a
?ica’ycaiiy i?iaeaie ae??ooaaeinue o i?ioean? iiaeeaeaiiai aea/aiiy
i?aeoeee ?iaioe aeueo i?ioan?eieo iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a c i?aeaioiaee
iieiaeoeo niaoe?ae?no?a, aeina?aeo ?iaioe aeeeaaea/?a e?oa?aoo?e oa
eeanieo ea??aiee?a iaaeo/eeeu Cao?aeiiai ?aa?iio Oe?a?ie. Aeey aea/aiiy
i?iaeaie o naie iaaeo/eeeuao Cao?aeiiai ?aa?iio Oe?a?ie oa naie
oaoi?eoiao ? eieaaeaeao Aoeiaeie aoei i?iaaaeaii eiinoaooth/? c??ce, ca
aeiiiiiaith yeeo aeyaeaii iiceoeai? noi?iie, iaaeie?ee ? o?oaeiiu? o
cae?eniaii? ii?aeueii-aoe/iiai aeoiaaiiy caniaaie e?oa?aoo?iiai
e?a?ciaanoaa. Ia iniia? iaoeiaeo e?eoa???a aoei aecia/aii ??aaiue
ii?aeueii-aoe/ii? aeoiaaiino? 650 aeioneiee?a *a?i?aaoeueeiai,
Eieiieenueeiai, Oiaeueieoeueeiai, *i?oe?anueeiai, A?iieoeueeiai,
Euea?anueeiai oa Aa?nueeiai iaaeo/eeeu. ?acoeueoaoe eiinoaooth/iai c??co
aeicaieeee aecia/eoe oae? o?e ??ai? ii?aeueii-aoe/ii? aeoiaaiino?
iaeaooi?o ina?oyi:

Ia?oee ??aaiue – iecueeee (aeaiaioa?ii? ii?aeueii-aoe/ii? aeoiaaiino?).
Nooaeaioe oeueiai ??aiy aeoiaaiino? aieiae?thoue acaoeith
ii?aeueii-aoe/ii? eoeueoo?e iiaaae?iee, aoeeaoo, ?i i?eoaiaii? ii/oooy
aa?/eeaino?, oaeoiaiino?, ioaeiino?. Ii/oooy iaia’yceo o iaeaooi?o
o/eoae?a oeueiai ??aiy aeoiaaiino? ia?aaoaa? a ca?iaeeiaiio noai?,
nooaeaioe ia ai?thoue iaiaaeoaaoe nai? aaaeaiiy. Ciai? aeia?ice/eea?,
iaeiae oo?aioo ? ni?a/oooy aei aeeaeiueiai aeyaeythoue o?eueee ia
neiaao, iiaiaeyoueny /an a?ae /ano caa?oiuei, iaaeiiaeea? aei naaa ? aei
oiaa?eo?a.

Ae?oaee ??aaiue – na?aaei?e (ii?aeueii-aoe/iiai aaeineiiaeaiiy c
i???ioaoe??th ia ciai?oi? ii?aeuei? ?aaoeyoi?e). Iaeaooi? a/eoae?
na?aaeiueiai ??aiy aeoiaaiino? i?eneooathoueny aei noa?oeo, oe?iothoue
noni?eueii-a?iiaaenueeo aeoieo. ?i aeanoeaa ii/oooy ni?iio ca iiaai?
a/eiee, aiie aiyoueny inoaeo c aieo oiaa?eo?a, aeeeaaea/?a, aeyaeythoue
aeia?ioo, ni?a/oooy, ieeina?aey, ai?thoue iaiaaeoaaoe nai? aaaeaiiy.

O?ao?e ??aaiue – aenieee (oe?e?nii? ii?aeueii-aoe/ii? iniaenoino? c
/?oei ae?aaeaiith ii?aeueiith naii?aaoeyoe??th, ??aiai nia?no?).
Nooaeaioe oeueiai ??aiy iathoue noi?iiaaio aeeoo?ao iiceoe?th,
aieiae?thoue eieaeoea?nonueeeie ?enaie: aoiai?cio, a?aeiia?aeaeueiino?
ca aei?o/aio ni?aao, aenieei ii/oooyi iaia’yceo, aeueo?o?cio
(aacei?eneeaino?); ?i i?eoaiaiia ii/oooy ni?aaaaeeeaino?, /ano?,
nia?no?, a?aeiino?, aaey/iino?, ni?iio, a??iino? neiao, aiie caeaoi?
aeaaaoe i?aaeeueio ioe?ieo aeaniei a/eieai ? a/eieai ?ioeo ethaeae.

E?euee?nio oa?aeoa?enoeeo ??ai?a ii?aeueii-aoe/ii? aeoiaaiino? aecia/aii
ca oi?ioeith

,

aea I-A – ??aaiue ii?aeueii-aoe/ii? aeoiaaiino?, N – noia aae?a ca ??ci?
aeaee iieooaaiiy, E – e?euee?noue iieaciee?a. Iaea?aeaiee ?acoeueoao
a?ae 1 aei 0,6 aaaaeaany aenieei ??aiai, a?ae 0,5 aei 0,3 – na?aaei?i,
a?ae 0,2 ? ieae/a – iecueeei.

Ae?aaiinoe/i? c??ce aeicaieeee aeyaeoe, ui ia ia?oiio ??ai? aeoiaaiino?
ciaoiaeyoueny a?ae 45% aei 49% iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a, ia ae?oaiio ??ai?
a?ae 42% aei 48%, ia o?aoueiio – a?ae 7% aei 9%.

Oaea noaiiaeua o i?aeoeoe? ?iaioe iaaeaaia?/ieo o/eeeu iiaeia iiynieoe
iaaeinoaoiueith aeine?aeaeai?noth i?iaeaie, a?aenooi?noth ineoieia?/ii?,
iaaeaaia?/ii?, iaoiaee/ii? oa iaoeiai? aioiaiino? aeeeaaea/?a
e?oa?aoo?e, eeanieo ea??aiee?a aei nenoaiii i?aai?ciaaii? ?iaioe c?
nooaeaioaie i?ae /an aea/aiiy e?oa?aoo?e ??aeiiai e?ath, iaae??oai?noth
c iiceoe?e no/anii? iaoiaee/ii? iaoee ieoaiue, iia’ycaieo ?c iaoiaeeeith
i?iaaaeaiiy oai?/eo o?ie?a oa iicaeeanieo aeoiaieo caoiae?a ?c
e?oa?aoo?iiai e?a?ciaanoaa.

Eiinoaooth/ee c??c aeiiii?a aecia/eoe e?eoa??? ina?/aiino? ?
ii?aeueii-aoe/ii? aeoiaaiino? iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a ii/aoeiaeo eean?a
caniaaie e?oa?aoo?iiai e?a?ciaanoaa oa iae?aneeoe eiie?aoi? oeyoe ?o
aoaeoeaiino?, caaaeath/e ia:

— aeoiaiee iioaioe?ae oai??a aoeiaeinueeeo e?oa?aoi??a;

— oi?iiy nooaeaio?a a?aoiaiooaaoe nai? noaeaeaiiy, aeiae?aoe iaoa??ae
aeey aiae?co oai??a, ?iaeoe aeniiaee;

— i?iaoaeaeaiiy oai?/i? aeoeaiino? nooaeaio?a /a?ac aenieiaiioe?eia
ni?eeiyooy oai??a e?oa?aoo?iiai e?a?ciaanoaa, i?eeo/aiiy aei
e?oa?aoo?ii? oa ooaeiaeiuei? oai?/ino?;

— oi?iiy aeei?enoaoe iaaoo? ciaiiy ia o?ieao, a iicaeeani?e ?iaio?, i?ae
/an i?ioiaeaeaiiy iaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeoeee oa iaienaiiy eo?niaeo ?ia?o.

Noai aeine?aeaeoaaii? i?iaeaie o i?aeoeoe? ?iaioe iaaeaaia?/ieo o/eeeu
coiiaea iaiao?aei?noue ?ic?iaee iaoiaeeee cae?eniaiiy ii?aeueii-aoe/iiai
aeoiaaiiy nooaeaio?a iaaeo/eeeu i?ae /an aea/aiiy oai??a e?oa?aoo?iiai
e?a?ciaanoaa.

Aenia?eiaioii aeey ai?iaaoe?? aeine?aeii? iaoiaeeee aoei ioiieaii 625
nooaeaio?a ?c 22 a?oi iacaaieo aeua iaaeaaia?/ieo o/eeeu.

Cae?eniaiiy ii?aeueii-aoe/iiai aeoiaaiiy nooaeaio?a iaaeo/eeeua caniaaie
e?oa?aoo?iiai e?a?ciaanoaa ?icaeyaea?oueny ye nenoaia, ui a?oioo?oueny
ia:

— aeiai?? iaea?aeii?oeo aoeiaeinueeeo aaoi??a oa iaeaecia/i?oeo ?o
oai??a;

— aca?iica’yceo eeanii? ? iicaeeanii? ?iaioe;

— aeei?enoaii? iaeiia?oeo, iaeaoaeoeai?oeo oi?i ? iaoiae?a i?aai?caoe??
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaii? ?iaioe;

— iiaeaethaaii? aeoiaieo, ii?aeueii-aoe/ieo neooaoe?e i?ae /an
ii?aoethaaiiy e?oa?aoo?e ??aeiiai e?ath.

Nenoaia aca?iiiia’yco? ?yae aoai?a:

1) i?aeaioia/ee, ia yeiio nooaeaioe a i?ioean?
iiooeiai-aeine?aeieoeueei? ?iaioe ciaeiieyoueny ?c oai?aie e?oa?aoo?iiai
e?a?ciaanoaa, naiino?eii ?o inieneththoue, canaiththoue nthaeao,
e?oa?aoo?i? ia?ace, aiae?cothoue iie?oe/i? iiae??, ia oe? yeeo
?icai?oa?oueny nthaeao oai?o, aecia/athoue ii?aeueii-aoe/io i?iaeaiaoeeo
oai??a aoeiaeinueeeo ienueiaiiee?a;

2) iioeaaoe?eiee, ia yeiio oi?io?oueny iio?aaa iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a o
i?iieeiaii? a nooi?noue ci?noo oai??a, a iaiao?aeiino? ni?eeoaaiiy c
aieiaieie aa?iyie;

3) aoai inyaiaiiy nooaeaioaie ii?aeueii-aoe/iiai aeoiaiiai iioaioe?aeo
oai??a e?oa?aoo?iiai e?a?ciaanoaa, ae?iaeaiiy ai?iiy aeneiaethaaoe
e?eoe/i? noaeaeaiiy uiaei ii?aeueiino? a/eie?a aa?i?a e?oa?aoo?ieo
oai??a, i?iaiaeeoe i?iaeoe?th ia no/ani?noue;

4) caaa?oaeueiee aoai oi?ioaaiiy ii?aeueii-aoe/ii? aeoiaaiino?, o oiae?
yeiai aeyaey?oueny aoaeoeai?noue aeoiaii? ?iaioe caniaaie e?oa?aoo?iiai
e?a?ciaanoaa: i?ae /an iaienaiiy oai??a-?icaeoi?a ia ii?aeueii-aoe/i?
oaie ia iniia? aea/aiiy oai??a e?oa?aoo?iiai e?a?ciaanoaa, o i?ioean?
i?iaaaeaiiy i?aeoe/ieo o?ie?a oa iicaeeanieo aeoiaieo caoiae?a c
aeei?enoaiiyi oai??a aoeiaeinueeeo ienueiaiiee?a, o/ano? a ienoaoeueeeo
eiieo?nao oa e?oa?aoo?ieo ie?ii?aaeao.

O aeena?oaoe?? ?ic?iaeaii na??th aenia?eiaioaeueieo o?ie?a oa
iicaeeanieo aeoiaieo caoiae?a, ia??oioiaaii /?oeo eia?/io nenoaio
iaoiae?a, i?eeii?a oa oi?i, yea aeeth/a? aa?enoe/io oa i?iaeaiio aan?aee
c aeei?enoaiiyi no/anii? aoae?i- oa a?aeaioaoi?ee, aeeneon?th,
?inoeai?caoe?th o?eae?a oai??a, e?oa?aoo?iee oaao?, ineoia?iianoeeo,
noaanoeaia aaaaeaiiy a oaio, aeioe?eueia aeei?enoaiiy eeane/ii? oa
ia?iaeii? ioceee i?ae /an ?ioaa?iaaiiai o?ieo, e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueei?
a?oaeuei?, aeoiaii? aiaeeie o oi?i? oniiai aeo?iaeo, e?oa?aoo?ii?
ae?cii? aeneo?n??, e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueeiai aa/i?a “I?naiia oai?/?noue
aoeiaeinueeeo e?oa?aoi??a”, i?acaioaoe?? iiaeo ca??ie ienueiaiiee?a
Aoeiaeie.

Aenia?eiaioaeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaei, ui e?oa?aoo?a Aoeiaeie ?
iaaecae/aeii aaaaoei ? oe?iiei iaoa??aeii aeey aeoiaaiiy o iaeaooi?o
o/eoae?a iaoe?iiaeueii? oeiee aenieeo ii?aeueii-aoe/ieo ii/ooo?a,
iaoe?iiaeueieo ?aeaae?a, o?aaeeoe?eieo aooeoeuenueeeo /aniio. Aeniea
aoaeoeai?noue iaaeaaia?/iiai aieeao ia iaeaooi?o a?iiaaeyi XXI noie?ooy
coiiaethaaeanue ia o?eueee oe?eaaei ci?noii ooaeiaei?o oaeno?a,
ii?aeueii-aoe/ieie neooaoe?yie, a e aoaeoeaieie oi?iaie, iaoiaeaie oa
i?eeiiaie ?iaioe ia o?ieao.

O?iee a eiio?ieueieo oa aenia?eiaioaeueieo a?oiao ii-??ciiio aieeaaee ia
oi?ioaaiiy o iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a ii?aeueii-aoe/ieo ii/ooo?a, ?icoi?iiy
ieie iiiyooy iaoe?iiaeueiiai ?aeaaeo. Noa?aioeiia aea/aiiy ci?noo
ooaeiaeiueiai oai?o (ia?aeacoaaiiy, iia?aeiee aiae?c ia?ac?a,
ca/eooaaiiy ie?aieo /anoei iiaoe/ieo oai??a) o eiio?ieueieo a?oiao ia
aeaei iaeaaeiiai ?acoeueoaoo: a?eueoa iieiaeie iieoaieo ia a?aoiaoaaee
ii?aeueii-aoe/ieo e?eoa???a, ia iiaee aeie?aieoe ii?aeuei? a/eiee,
ii?aeuei? ?ene oa ii?aeueii-aoe/i? ia?aeiiaiiy aa?i?a, aeaoe ?i iaeaaeio
ioe?ieo. A aenia?eiaioaeueieo a?oiao oae? a?aeiia?ae? aoee oa?aeoa?i?
eeoa aeey 1-2 nooaeaio?a, a a a?oiao 31, 33, 41 oa 44 oe?eueiiai
a?aeae?eo an? nooaeaioe aeaaaee /?oeo ii?aeueii-aoe/io ioe?ieo aa?iyi
oai??a aoeiaeinueeeo ienueiaiiee?a, ?oi?i a/eieai, iiaaae?ioe?,
iiieneai, iinoaaeai?e iao? oa oeyoai ?? ?aae?caoe??, aecia/aee aeeaieee
ii?aeueii-aoe/iee oa aiioe?eiee aieea e?oa?aoo?e Aoeiaeie ia oi?ioaaiiy
aeanieo i?ioan?eieo oa caaaeueiiethaenueeeo yeinoae. Nooaeaioe
cacia/aieo a?oi i?ae /an i?iaaaeaiiy i?iaieo o?ie?a oa aeoiaieo caoiae?a
oe?iei aeei?enoiaoaaee oai?e aoeiaeinueeeo ienueiaiiee?a, aeoiaoaaee o
iieiaeoeo oeiey??a aaciaeo oe?e Aoeiaeie ii?aeueii-aoe/i? ii/oooy.

24 nooaeaioe aenia?eiaioaeueieo a?oi ienaee eo?nia? ?iaioe ia oaio
“Aea/aiiy oai?/ino? aoeiaeinueeeo ienueiaiiee?a o ii/aoeiaeo eeanao”, o
aeiaeaoie aei eo?niaeo ?ia?o iaeaooi? a/eoae? ?ic?iaeee na??th eeanieo
oa iicaeeanieo o?ie?a /eoaiiy, aeoiaieo caoiae?a ia iaoa??ae? e?oa?aoo?e
Aoeiaeie.

On? eo?nia? ?iaioe, i?iai? o?iee oa aeoiai? caoiaee c e?oa?aoo?iiai
e?a?ciaanoaa Aoeiaeie ioe?iai? aaeii “a?aei?iii”.

Iai?ee?ioe? aea/aiiy ?icae?eo “E?oa?aoo?a ??aeiiai e?ath” nooaeaioai
aoei cai?iiiiiaaii o?e oaie oai??a, ye? ioiiethaaee ye i?iciao, oae ?
iiaoe/io oai?/?noue aoeiaeinueeeo e?oa?aoi??a.

Oaaeeoey 1

Iacaa oaie oai?o E?euee?noue nooaeaio?a, ye? aea?aee aeaio oaio a
aenia?eiaioaeueieo a?oiao E?euee?noue nooaeaio?a, ye? aea?aee aeaio oaio
a eiio?ieueieo a?oiao

Aiae?c ia?ac?a “eeoea??a aaeeei? ethaia?” a ?noi?e/i?e i?ic? Ieoaeea
?aanthea 25 24

I?e oethaeaiee aa?ie a oai?/ino? Aieiaeeie?a Aaaeyea 20 70

Ii? ?icaeoie iaae iaoe?iiaeueiei eiei?eoii aoeiaeinueei? iiac?? OO
noie?ooy 18 —

Iaaaaeai? e?euee?ni? iieacieee (aeea. oaae. 1) aeai?o oaie oai??a
iaeaooi?ie a/eoaeyie o eiio?ieueieo oa aenia?eiaioaeueieo a?oiao
cana?ae/othoue nooo?ao ??cieoeth a ??ai? canai?iiy ?icae?eo “E?oa?aoo?a
??aeiiai e?ath”. Iaeeaaoith uiaei aena?oeaiiy aoea ae?oaa oaia. O
eiio?ieueieo a?oiao ?? ia?aee o 3,5 ?ace a?eueoa nooaeaio?a, i?ae a
aenia?eiaioaeueieo. Iaeaaae/ith o an?o aniaeoao aoea o?aoy oaia, aea
aeiaaaeeny ia o?eueee aeeaie? ooiaeaiaioaeuei? ciaiiy iiaoe/ieo oai??a
aoeiaeinueei? e?oa?aoo?e, a e oi?iiy aeaoe aeanio ioe?ieo ??
iaoe?iiaeueiiio eiei?eoo. A eiio?ieueieo a?oiao oey oaia ia aoea ia?aia
aeiaeiei nooaeaioii, a a aenia?eiaioaeueieo ia ia? caaaeeeenue iaeaea
30%. I?e/eiith, ia iao iiaeyae, ? oa, ui ia o?ieao e?oa?aoo?iiai
e?a?ciaanoaa a eiio?ieueieo a?oiao ia ae/eaiiaoaaee iaoe?iiaeuei? iciaee
oa ?ene aoeiaeinueei? iiac??, ia i?aeoeeoaaee oi?ie oa iaoiaee ?iaioe c
ieoaiue aeyaeaiiy iaoe?iiaeueiiai eiei?eoo oai??a e?oa?aoo?iiai
e?a?ciaanoaa, ia i?iaiaeeee oai?/eo cono??/ae c ienueiaiieeaie Aoeiaeie
c iaoith aea/aiiy ?oiuei? ienoaoeueei? eaai?aoi???.

C?noaaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a eiio?ieueieo ? aenia?eiaioaeueieo a?oi
cana?ae/othoue aoaeoeai?noue ?ic?iaeaii? iaoiaee/ii? nenoaie
ii?aeueii-aoe/iiai aeoiaaiiy iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a ia iaoa??ae?
e?oa?aoo?iiai e?a?ciaanoaa, ui ia?aeiio? a aeinoia??iino? a?iioace
aeine?aeaeaiiy ? oni?oi?e ?aae?caoe?? eiai caaaeaiue. Neeaaeaia ia
iniia? ii??aiyeueieo ?acoeueoao?a oaaeeoey onieo a?aeiia?aeae,
ienueiiaeo oai??a, eo?niaeo ?ia?o, iaienaieo nooaeaioaie
aenia?eiaioaeueieo oa eiio?ieueieo a?oi, ye?niiai ??aiy i?iaieo
i?aeoe/ieo o?ie?a oa aeoiaieo caoiae?a aea? ciiao ii??aiyoe ??ai?
ii?aeueii-aoe/ii? aeoiaaiino? i?ae /an aea/aiiy oai?/ino? ienueiaiiee?a
??aeiiai e?ath a eiio?ieueieo ? aenia?eiaioaeueieo a?oiao.

Oaeei /eiii, ye?niee ? e?euee?niee aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a oi?ioth/iai
aenia?eiaioo aeicaiey? c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i oa, ui cai?iiiiiaaia nenoaia
iaoiae?a, i?eeii?a, aeae?a ? oi?i iaa/aeueii-aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino? c
ieoaiue ii?aeueii-aoe/iiai aeoiaaiiy iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a ii/aoeiai?
iaoe?iiaeueii? oeiee a oe?eiio aoaeoeaia ? aea? iiceoeai? ?acoeueoaoe.

Aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a oi?ioth/iai aeine?aeiiai iaa/aiiy i?aeoaa?aeea
aoaeoeai?noue aenia?eiaioaeueii-aeine?aeii? iaoiaeeee: ??aaiue
ii?aeueii-aoe/ii? aeoiaaiino? a aenia?eiaioaeueieo a?oiao c??n ia 35
a?aenioe?a ? eeoa ia 6 a?aenioe?a o eiio?ieueieo a?oiao.

Aenia?eiaioaeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy i?aeoaa?aeeei iaiao?aei?noue
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy cai?iiiiiaaii? nenoaie ii?aeueii-aoe/iiai aeoiaaiiy
nooaeaio?a iaaeo/eeeua caniaaie e?oa?aoo?iiai e?a?ciaanoaa o iaoiaeeeo
aeeeaaeaiiy e?oa?aoo?e, ine?eueee aiia ?noioii ?icoe?th? eiei ciaiue ?
oi?iue iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a, cia/ii i?aeaeuo? ??aaiue ii?aeueii-aoe/ii?
aeoiaaiino?, aeoea?co? iiooeiai-aeine?aeieoeueeo ?iaioo, ?icaeaa?
nooaeaionueeo oai?/?noue, oi?io? anoaoe/i? niaee oa ii?aeueii-aoe/i?
?aeaaee iniaenoino? iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey ii/aoeiaeo eean?a.

Oaaeeoey 2

Ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ??ai?a ii?aeueii-aoe/ii? aeoiaaiino?

nooaeaio?a aenia?eiaioaeueieo oa eiio?ieueieo a?oi

??ai? ii?aeueii-aoe/ii? aeoiaaiino? Eiio?ieuei? a?oie (e-noue nooaeaio.
?ia?o) Aenia?eiaioaeuei? a?oie (e-noue nooaeaio. ?ia?o)

?-ee iecueeee ??aaiue (aeaiaioa?ii? ii?aeueii-aoe/ii? aeoiaaiino?) 30
(47,6%) 5 (8%)

??-ee na?aaei?e (ii?aeueii-aoe/iiai aaeineiiaeaiiy) 23 (36,6%) 29
(46,7%)

???-?e aenieee (oe?e?nii? ii?aeueii-aoe/ii? iniaenoino?) 10 (15,8%) 28
(45,3%)

O aeena?oaoe?eiiio aeine?aeaeaii? c?iaeaii oae? caaaeuei? aeniiaee:

1. Ii?aeueii-aoe/ia aeoiaaiiy iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a – ae??oaeueiee oaeoi?
?o i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee. Ia?oiaeaea?aeii ii?aeueii-aoe/iiai aeoiaaiiy
nooaeaio?a iaaeaaia?/iiai o/eeeua ia o?ieao e?oa?aoo?iiai e?a?ciaanoaa ?
ooaeiaei?e oa??.

2. Aoaeoeai?noue cae?eniaiiy ii?aeueii-aoe/iiai aeoiaaiiy iaeaooi?o
o/eoae?a iaoe?iiaeueii? oeiee aeinyaa?oueny o i?ioean? aeio?eiaiiy oaeeo
ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ieo oiia:

— aea/aiiy oai??a e?oa?aoo?iiai e?a?ciaanoaa i?ioiaeeoue a oiiaao
aeniei? aiioe?eiino?;

— iaa/aiiy ?icaeyaea?oueny ye i?ioean aeanii? ae?yeueiino? nooaeaio?a,
ui ??oioo?oueny ia iiooeia?e, iaoeiai-aeine?aeieoeuee?e naiino?ei?e
?iaio?;

— aca?iia?aeiineie aeeeaaea/a ? nooaeaio?a aacothoueny ia i?eioeeiao
iaaeaaia?ee ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa, ia o?ieao e?oa?aoo?iiai e?a?ciaanoaa
noai?aii iiceoeaiee ineoieia?/iee i?e?iee?iao;

— a?aoiaothoueny iniaeeaino? ineo?/iiai ?icaeoeo nooaeaio?a
iaaeaaia?/iiai o/eeeua, niaoeeo?ee ?o i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee;

— aeei?enoiao?oueny iniaeno?niee oaeoi? o iaa/aeueii-aeoiai?e ?iaio? ia
o?ioe?;

— caaacia/o?oueny ?icaeoie nooaeaionueei? oai?/ino? c iaeneiaeueiei
aeei?enoaiiyi iioaioe?eieo iiaeeeainoae nooaeaio?a oa aeeeaaea/a.

3. Cae?eniaiiy ii?aeueii-aoe/iiai aeoiaaiiy iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a ia? aooe
oe?eani?yiiaaiei ? nenoaiaoe/iei ye ia o?ieao e?oa?aoo?iiai
e?a?ciaanoaa, oae ? a iicaeeani?e aeoiai?e oa ao?oeia?e ?iaio?, i?ae /an
i?ioiaeaeaiiy iaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeoeee a aaciaeo oeieao.

4. Aeey oni?oiiai cae?eniaiiy ii?aeueii-aoe/iiai aeoiaaiiy iniaenoino?
iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey iaoe?iiaeueii? oeiee iaiao?aei? oae? ai?iiy e
iaae/ee:

— aecia/aoe ?aeath ? i?iaeaie ooaeiaei?o oai??a e?oa?aoo?iiai
e?a?ciaanoaa, c?noaaeyoe eiie?aoii-?noi?e/ia, ii?aeueii-aoe/ia ?
caaaeueiiethaenueea a oai??;

— ni?eeiaoe ii?aeueii-aoe/iee oa aiioe?eii-anoaoe/iee oii ooaeiaeiueiai
oai?o;

— aeyaeyoe ii?aeueii-aoe/i? iiceoe?? oa na?oiaeyaei? iniaeeaino?
ienueiaiieea, e?oa?aoo?iiai ia?niiaaea;

— c?noaaeyoe ooaeiaei?e oa?? c aeeoo?aith i?aaaeith, ae/eaiiaoaaoe
ii?aeueii-aoe/io i?iaeaiaoeeo, aeae?eyoe oa oa?aeoa?ecoaaoe ii?aeuei?
?aeaaee;

— cae?enithaaoe ?o i?iaeoe?th ia no/ani?noue, c?noaaeyoe aaoi?nueeo ?
aeanio iiceoe??;

— naiino?eii aiae?coaaoe oa??, aeae?eyoe iniiai? ii?aeuei? ?ene
oa?aeoa?o aa?i?a, ?oi? ii?aeueii-aoe/i? a/eiee oa ia?aeiiaiiy;

— aeneiaethaaoe aeanio aeoieo i?i ii?aeueii-aoe/i? i?iaeaie oai?o, ai?oe
?? a?aenoiyoe oa a?aoiaiooaaoe;

— aanoe aeeneon?th;

— ocaaaeueithaaoe, ?iaeoe aeniiaee.

I?iaeaie ii?aeueii-aoe/iiai aeoiaaiiy nooaeaio?a iaaeo/eeeua ia
ae/a?iothoueny ieoaiiyie, ?icaeyiooeie a aeena?oaoe?eiiio
aeine?aeaeaii?. Caneoaiao? ia oaaao i?iaeaia oi?ioaaiiy
ii?aeueii-aoe/ii? aeoiaaiino? iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a ii/aoeiaeo eean?a ia
o?ieao iaaeaaia?ee, ineoieia??, ia?iaeiciaanoaa, iaoiaeeee aeoiaii?
?iaioe, ia o?ieao e?oa?aoo?e i?ae /an aea/aiiy oai?/ino? ienueiaiiee?a,
ye? c ?aeaieia?/ieo i??eoaaiue aoee aeeo/ai? c e?oa?aoo?iiai i?ioeano.

Iaoa??aee aeine?aeaeaiiy aena?oeaii o oaeeo ae?oeiaaieo i?aoeyo:

1. Ai?aea I. Ii?aeueii-aoe/ia aeoiaaiiy iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a ia o?ieao
e?oa?aoo?iiai e?a?ciaanoaa Aoeiaeie // ??aeia oeiea. – 1999. – ? 1. – N.
20-24.

2. Ai?aea I. ?ieue e?oa?aoo?iiai e?a?ciaanoaa Aoeiaeie o i?ioan?ei?e
i?aeaioiaoe? iaeaooi?o a/eoae?a iaoe?iiaeueii? oeiee // Iaoeia? caienee.
– Na??y “Iaaeaaia?ea”. – ?1. – Oa?iii?eue: Oa?iii?euenueeee aea?aeaaiee
iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i. A.Aiaothea, 1999. – N. 175-178.

3. Ai?aea I. Ii?aeueii-aoe/ia aeoiaaiiy iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a
iaoe?iiaeueii? oeiee a i?ioean? aea/aiiy oai??a ?noi?e/ii? oaiaoeee
e?oa?aoo?iiai e?a?ciaanoaa Aoeiaeie // Iaoeiaee a?niee *a?i?aaoeueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo. – Aeione 36. – *a?i?aoe?: *AeO, 1998. – N. 166-171.

4. Ai?aea I. A/eiiny o iaeno?a // A?o/ecia. — 1988. – ? 4. – N. –
152-153.

5. Ai?aea I. Aeniea na?o?iiy. Aei 80-??//y a?ae aeiy ia?iaeaeaiiy
A.N. Aaaeyea // A?o/ecia. – 1996. – ? 7-9. – N. 123-126.

6. Gorda M. Tragizmus unul scurt destin (80 ani de la nasterea
prozatorului Volodimir Bableak) // Glasul Bucovinei. – 1996. – N 2. – P.
82-86.

7. Gorda M. Intelectual ou ou brate de plugar(80 de ani la nasterea lui
Mihailo Ivasiuk) // Glasul Bucovinei. – 1997. – N 3. – P. 58-63.

8. Ai?aea I. ?ieue oai?/ino? aoeiaeinueeeo ienueiaiiee?a o oi?ioaaii?
niaoe?ae?no?a aeey iaoe?iiaeueii? oeiee // Ca. Iaoa??ae?a i?aeia?iaeii?
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? “Nenoaia iaia?a?aii? ina?oe: caeiaooee,
iiooee, i?iaeaie”, o 6-oe eieaao, ei. 3. – *a?i?aoe?: Ieoaoeue, 1966.
–N. 215-218.

9. Ai?aea I. Ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/i? aniaeoe ii?aeueii-aoe/iiai aeoiaaiiy
iaeaooi?o a/eoae?a ii/aoeiaeo eean?a ia o?ieao e?oa?aoo?iiai
e?a?ciaanoaa // Ca. iaoa??ae?a iaeanii? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe??
“?iaeea?aeoaeueiee i?aeo?ae aei iniaenoino? aeeoeie aeioe?eueiiai oa
iieiaeoiai oe?eueiiai a?eo a iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiio i?ioean?”. –
*a?i?aoe?: I?oo, 1998. – N. 6-15.

10. Ai?aea I. “Iio?oaeny oei, ui ?i’y oai? ?icianeiny ii an?e
Oe?a?i?…” // Aooeoeueueia. – 1997. – ? 3-4. – C. 30-31.

Aiioaoe??

Ai?aea I.N.

Ii?aeueii-aoe/ia aeoiaaiiy nooaeaio?a iaaeo/eeeua a i?ioean? aea/aiiy
e?oa?aoo?e ??aeiiai e?ath. – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaia?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 13.00.02 – oai??y oa iaoiaeeea iaa/aiiy
oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e, ?inoeooo iaaeaaia?ee AII Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1998.

Caoeuathoueny ?acoeueoaoe oai?aoeei-aenia?eiaioaeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.
Anoaiiaeaii, ui a i?ioean? i?iaaaeaiiy oai?/eo o?ie?a ? iicaeeanieo
caiyoue c e?oa?aoo?iiai e?a?ciaanoaa c aeei?enoaiiyi iia?oi?o aoaeoeaieo
oi?i ? iaoiae?a i?aai?caoe?? iaa/aeueii-aeoiaii? ?iaioe, iiaeaethaaiiy
aeoiaieo neooaoe?e ca aeiiiiiaith nenoaie iiaoaiiiai oi?ioaaiiy
ii?aeueiino? iiaeia ?noioii i?aeiyoe ??aaiue ii?aeueii-aoe/ii?
aeoiaaiino? nooaeaio?a iaaeo/eeeua, aeoea?coaaoe
iiooeiai-aeine?aeieoeueeo ?iaioo, ?icaeiooe nooaeaionueeo oai?/?noue,
noi?ioaaoe anoaoe/i? niaee ? ii?aeueii-aoe/i? ?aeaaee iniaenoino?
iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey ii/aoeiaeo eean?a.

Iaoa??aee aeine?aeaeaiiy neoaothoue oai?aoeei-iaoiaee/iith iniiaith aeey
iiaeaeueoiai aaeineiiaeaiiy i?ioeano aea/aiiy e?oa?aoo?e a
iaaeaaia?/iiio o/eeeu?.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ??aaiue ii?aeueii-aoe/ii? aeoiaaiino?, nenoaia
iiaoaiiiai oi?ioaaiiy, iiaeaethaaiiy aeoiaieo neooaoe?e,
iiooeiai-aeine?aeieoeueea ?iaioa, ii?aeueii-aoe/iee ?aeaae, iia?oi?
aoaeoeai? oi?ie oa iaoiaee.

Ai?aea I.N.

Ii?aeueii-yoe/aneia ainieoaiea nooaeaioia iaaeo/eeeua a i?ioeanna
eco/aiey eeoa?aoo?u ?iaeiiai e?ay. – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 13.00.02 – oai?ey e iaoiaeeea eco/aiey
oe?aeineie eeoa?aoo?u, Einoeooo iaaeaaiaeee AII Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1998.

Caueuathony ?acoeueoaou oai?aoeei-yenia?eiaioaeueiiai enneaaeiaaiey.
Onoaiiaeaii, /oi a i?ioeanna i?iaaaeaiey oai?/aneeo o?ieia e aiaeeanniuo
caiyoee ii eeoa?aoo?iiio e?aaaaaeaieth n eniieueciaaieai iiaaeoeo
yooaeoeaiuo oi?i e iaoiaeia i?aaiecaoeee o/aaii-ainieoaoaeueiie ?aaiou,
iiaeaee?iaaiey ainieoaoaeueiuo neooaoeee i?e iiiiue nenoaiu iiyoaiiiai
oi?ie?iaaiey ii?aeueiinoe aiciiaeii nouanoaaiii iiaeiyoue o?iaaiue
ii?aeueii-yoe/aneiai ainieoaiey nooaeaioia iaaeo/eeeua, aeoeaece?iaaoue
iieneiai-enneaaeiaaoaeueneoth ?aaioo, ?acaeoue nooaeai/aneia oai?/anoai,
noi?ie?iaaoue ynoaoe/aneea aeonu e ii?aeueii-yoe/aneea eaeaaeu aoaeouaai
o/eoaey ia/aeueiuo eeannia.

A enneaaeiaaiee iao/ii iainiiaaia e ?ac?aaioaia yooaeoeaiay iaoiaeeea
ii?aeueii-yoe/aneiai ainieoaiey nooaeaioia iaaeo/eeeua a i?ioeanna
eco/aiey eeoa?aoo?u ?iaeiiai e?ay, ii?aaeaeaiu e?eoa?ee yooaeoeaiinoe
?ac?aaioaiiie iaoiaeeee, eioi?ay niaeaenoaoao oi?ie?iaaieth o aoaeoueo
o/eoaeae ia/aeueiuo eeannia noieeeo ii?aeueii-yoe/aneeo oaaaeaeaiee e
oeaiiinoiuo i?eaioe?ia, iaania/eaaao onaiaiea eeoa?aoo?u ?iaeiiai e?ay
ia aunieii eioaeeaeooaeueiii o?iaia.

I?aaeeiaeaiiay a aeenna?oaoeee yenia?eiaioaeueiay nenoaia, aace?othuayny
ia oe?ieii eniieueciaaiee ainieoaoaeueiiai iioaioeeaea eeoa?aoo?u
Aoeiaeiu, yooaeoeaiii i?eiaiaiee ni/aoaiey eeanniie e aiaeeanniie
?aaiou, iiaeaee?iaaiee ainieoaoaeueiuo neooaoeee, iaania/eaaao aeoaieia
iniciaiea aoaeoueie o/eoaeyie ii?aeueii-yoe/aneiai niaea?aeaiey
eeoa?aoo?u ?iaeiiai e?ay, noeioee?oao oai?/aneia iuoeaiea, oi?ie?oao
aunieoth aeooiaiinoue, iaoeeiiaeueiia naiiniciaiea, ioeaii/iua e?eoa?ee
e ee/iinoiia ioiioaiea e ii?aeueii-yoe/aneie i?iaeaiaoeea i?iecaaaeaiee
eeoa?aoo?iiai e?aaaaaeaiey.

Yenia?eiaioaeueiay iaoiaeeea inouanoaeaiey ii?aeueii-yoe/aneiai
ainieoaiey nooaeaioia iaaeo/eeeua n?aaenoaaie eeoa?aoo?iiai e?aaaaaeaiey
niaeaenoaoao iiauoaieth yooaeoeaiinoe o/aaii-ainieoaoaeueiiai i?ioeanna
a iaaeaaiae/aneii o/eeeua, oaoieeoia, eieeaaeaea, oi?ie?oao
i?ioanneiiaeueiia ianoa?noai ieaaeoeo niaoeeaeenoia Oe?aeiu.

Iaoa?eaeu enneaaeiaaiey aeatho eiie?aoiue iaoa?eae e iiaeeoeeaoeee
iiniaee aeey o/eoaeae-neiaanieeia, aiinyo ooi/iaiey a i?ia?aiiu ii
eeoa?aoo?a aeey oaoieeoiia e o/eeeu.

Iniiaiua ?acoeueoaou ?aaiou ii ii?aeueii-yoe/aneiio ainieoaieth
n?aaenoaaie eeoa?aoo?iiai e?aaaaaeaiey iiaoo auoue eniieueciaaiu a
o/aaii-ainieoaoaeueiii i?ioeanna iaaeaaiae/aneeo einoeoooia e
oieaa?neoaoia.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: o?iaaiue ii?aeueii-yoe/aneie ainieoaiiinoe, nenoaia
iiyoaiiiai oi?ie?iaaiey, iiaeaee?iaaiea ainieoaoaeueiuo neooaoeee
iieneiai-enneaaeiaaoaeueneay ?aaioa, ii?aeueii-yoe/aneee eaeaae,
iiaaeoea yooaeoeaiua oi?iu e iaoiaeu.

Gorda M.S.

Pedagogical College Students’ Moral and Ethic Education in the Process
of Learning Literature of Native Land. – Manuscript.

Thesis for a candidate’s degree by speciality 13.00.02. – theory and
studies of Ukrainian Literature. – Pedagogical Institute of Academy of
Pedagogical Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, 1998.

Results of the theoretical-experimental investigation are put for
discussion. It is proved that in the process of conducting creative
lessons and extra-curricular activities on Literature of Native Land
with the application of contemporary effective forms and methods of
educational and academic activities, and of modelling educational
situations with the help of morality successive forming, makes it
possible to raise the level of Pedagogical College students’ moral and
ethic upbringing and activate their research work, develop their
creativity, mould aesthetic values and moral ethic ideals of the future
elementary school teacher’s personality. The data and results of the
research will serve as theoretical basis for a further improvement of
Literature Studies at the Pedagogical College.

Key words: level of moral and ethic upbringing, successive formation
system, modelling of educational situations, research work, moral-ethic
ideal, contemporary effective forms and methods.

E?aiaiue A., Oea/aiei A. Oe?a?ia: oeyo aei naaa. I?iaeaie noni?eueii?
o?ainoi?iaoe??. – E.: Aeaeaaie/ee oeaio? “Ae?oe”, 1998. – N. 184.

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