OA?III?EUeNUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE IAAeAAIA?*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

?IAI? AIEIAeEIE?A AIAOTHEA

IEUEOEI ??EIA ss?INEAA?AIA

OAeE 37(09)(477.8)

II?AEUeIA AEOIAAIIss OE?A?INUeEI? IIEIAe?

A I?IOeAN? NI?AI?AOe? OEIEE, A?AEI-EAOIEEOeUeEI? OeA?EAE ?
A?IIAAeNUeEINO? (AAEE*EIA, E?I.O?O — 30-? ?IEE OONO.)

13.00.01 — oai??y oa ?noi??y iaaeaaia?ee

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe

Oa?iii?eue — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? iaaeaaia?ee Euea?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? ?aaia O?aiea.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — eaiaeeaeao iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

EO?EssE ??eia ?aaai?aia,

Euea?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao

?iai? ?aaia O?aiea, aeioeaio eaoaae?e iaaeaaia?ee.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: — aeieoi? iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?
AEO?OU Aiaoie?e Aieiaeeie?iae/, Oa?iii?euenueeee aenia?eiaioaeueiee
?inoeooo iaaeaaia?/ii? ina?oe, i?i?aeoi? c iaoeiai? ?iaioe, caa?aeoaa/
eaoaae?e iaaeaaia?ee.

— eaiaeeaeao iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? AEOIAANUeEEE Iiaeyi ?aaiiae/,
Ae?iaiaeoeueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? ?aaia
O?aiea, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e iaaeaaia?ee.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — AEeoiie?nueeee aea?aeaaiee
iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? ?aaia O?aiea, eaoaae?a iaaeaaia?ee,
I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie, i.AEeoiie?.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 25 eenoiiaaea 1999?. i 12.00 aiae. ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E.58.053.01. a
Oa?iii?euenueeiio aea?aeaaiiio iaaeaaia?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?iai?
Aieiaeeie?a Aiaothea ca aae?anith: 46027, i.Oa?iii?eue, aoe.I.E?eaiiina,
2.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?iii?euenueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Aieiaeeie?a Aiaothea ca
aae?anith: 46027, i.Oa?iii?eue, aoe.I.E?eaiiina, 2.

.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii «24 «aeiaoiy 1999?.

O/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee I.I.IAOI*OE

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie oa nooi?iue iaoeiai? ?ic?iaee oaie. Iiai
nioeiaeueii-iieioe/ii oiiae, ie?ii aeiiiii/ieo ?aoi?i, o iaoie aea?aeaai
i?eaaee aei o?ainoi?iaoe?? noni?eueii? na?aeiiino?. Aeaiie?aoe/i?
i?ioeane noai?eee a?aeiia?aei? iiaeeeaino? aeey
iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?iiai a?ae?iaeaeaiiy oe?a?inueei? iaoe??, eio?a
o?nii iia”ycaia c ?? aeooiaiei iiiaeaiiyi. A inoaiii ?iee noaea
iiiioiith oaiaeaioeiy aei aieueo aeoeaiiai caoeieaaeaiiy ?aeiaieiei
aeeooyi, ui coiiaeei caieueoaiiy eieueeinoi o?aiiaeo nii?oae,
aiae?iaeaeaiiy /a?ia/eo niieueiio oa ?i. ?ae?a?eia noa?a noaea
i?aaeiaoii iniaeeai? oaaae o ca”yceo c i?aeaioiaeith na?oiai?
a?iiaaenueeino? aei a?aecia/aiiy ae?oaiai oeny/ie?ooy aeieeiaiiy
o?enoeyinoaa ye aaaiiiai /eiieea noaiiaeaiiy aoe/ieo oe?iiinoae
?a?iiaenueei? ? na?oiai? oeea?e?caoe??. Oni oei oaeoi?e i caaeaeea?iaaia
o Eiinoeoooei? Oe?a?ie noaooy i?i naiaiaeo niainoi ? oa?aeoa?ieie
iciaeaie i?ioeano oi?ioaaiiy a noni?euenoai oeeaieiciaaiiai noaaeaiiy
aei ?aeiai?. Caa?iaiiy aei ?aeiai?, ye nea?aieoei aeooiaii? eoeueoo?e
ethaenoaa e iaa?aao iaoeiiiaeueii? naiiaooiinoi oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo, a
no/anieo oiiaao ia?aioeiiee aa?oinoae i o?ainoi?iaoei? i??a?oi?
oeiiiinoae, ? eiai/iei i caeiiiii?iei yaeuai. Oieueee aaeaeaaoia, a ia
neaioe/ia /e aiia?o?ioiaaia ni?eeiyooy ?aeiai? c iaeiiai aieo oa ??
aiaeiiaiaei?noue iaaaeueiei nioeiaeueii-eoeueoo?iei iio?aaai c ?ioiai,
caaacia/eoue ooieoeiiioaaiiy i ?icaeoie inoaiiuei? ye aeooiaii
caaaa/oth/iai /eiieea o anio noa?ao noniieueiiai aeeooy. Iniaeeaiai
oaeoo, aeaaaeaiinoi, eiiiaoaioiinoi ? oiea?aioiino? aeiaaa? ae?ioaiiy
ieoaiiy i?i aecia/aiiy ?iei, iinoey, iaoaiiciia aei? ?aeiai? a
inaioiuei-aeoiaiie noa?i ye na?aaeiaeui oi?ioaaiiy iiaiai iieieiiiy
oe?a?inueei? iaoei?. Aeaiie?aoe/i? ia?aoai?aiiy ? ci?ie, ui a?aeaoeeny
inoaii?ie ?ieaie o iaoiio noni?euenoa?, niiioeaee ? oiiaeeeaeee iaoeia?
aeine?aeaeaiiy, iia”ycai? c i?iaeaiith ioe?iee ?ie? oa aianeo
a?aei-eaoieeoeueei? Oea?eae a i?ioean iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?iiai
a?ae?iaeaeaiiy oe?a?inueeiai ianaeaiiy Aaee/eie e?i.O?O- ii/.OOno.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy oe??? i?iaeaie i?iaiaeeee ye oaieiae, ineoieiae, oae ?
o?einioe, ?noi?eee, iie?oieiae e iaaeaaiae. Oi?ioaaiiy oe?a?inueei?
ina?oe ia ??cieo caieyo o ia??iae e?i. OV??? — ii/.OOno. aoei
oeaio?aeueiith i?iaeaiith ?yaeo aeieoi?nueeeo ?ia?o a?o/eciyieo
iaaeaaia?a — aeine?aeiee?a. Na?aae ieo aeae?eythoueny nai?th cia/ou?noth
?iaioe I. ?aoooa, A. Eai?iy, A. Eoaiaiai., A. Iaeai?iaee. A?oioiai?
aeine?aeaeaiiy noaiiaeaiiy ? ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueeiai oe?eueieoeoaa oa
iaaeaaia?/ii? aeoiee Aaee/eie i?iaaee A.Nooia?ee (aeieoi?nueea
aeena?oaoe?y), I.Aa?ia, Ae.Aa?oethe, ?.Eo?eye, N.Eaaa, A.Iioethe,
(eaiaeeaeaonuee? aeena?oaoe??). O ?o ?iaioao aeaoaeueii aea/ai?
a?o/eciyia iaaeaaia?/ia aeoiea, ?ic?iaea ina?oiuei? iie?oeee,
noaiiaeaiiy nenoaie ina?oe, oi?ioaaiiy ci?noo e eoeueoo?ii-iina?oi?o
o?aaeeoe?e oe?a?inueeeo iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a, ?ieue oiaa?enoa ?
ia?aaeiai? a?iiaaenueeino? o ai?iouea? ca ??aeiiiiaio oeieo oa ie?ai?
aniaeoe, iia”ycai? c o/anoth Oea?eae o oeeo i?ioeanao.

Aeaye? a?aeiiino? i?i aeoiaio ae?yeuei?noue /a?ia/eo ni?eueiio o
eiioaeno? noaiiaeaiiy ? ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueeiai noni?eueiiai
aeioe?eueiiai aeoiaaiiy iiaeai? o ?iaio? C.Iaaa/aanueei?.
?noi?eei-iaaeaaia?/i? aniaeoe ae?yeueiino? Eaoieeoeueei? Aeoe??
oe?a?inueei? iieiae?, iaeiiai ?c oiai/anieo oiaa?enoa ?ae?a?eiiai
ni?yioaaiiy ?icaeyioo?, o i?aoe? ?.Aiae?oo?aa. I?iaeaie
ii?aeueii-?ae?a?eiiai aeoiaaiiy iniaenoino? ia canaaeao i?aaineaa”y
?icaeyaeaeenue o aeine?aeaeaiiyo O.?eue?ii? ? I.Eaiaanueei?. I?ioean
ii?aeueiiai ?icaeoeo ethaeeie, iaa?oioiaaiee a nayoiiooe?anuee?e
iaaeaaia?oe? IV — O?no. aeaeaoieie i?aaenoaaieeaie iao?enoeee,
?icaeyioa A.Ea?aaiae?i.

Aiae?co aeaii? i?iaeaie i?enay/ai?, ie??i aeena?oaoe?eieo, /eiaei ?ioeo
iaoeiaeo i?aoeue (iiiia?ao?e, noaoae, a?ioo? oiui). Oae, iai?eeeaae,
canaaeie/? ?aea? o?enoeyinoaa a eiioaeno? e?ece no/anii? iaaeaaia?/ii?
iaoee aoee ?icaeyioo? A.Aeo?ouai. Aeine?aeaeaiiyi ?ie? ? i?noey
o?enoeyinoaa a oe?a?inueeiio aeoiaaii? caeia?oueny I.Aeoiaanueeee.
Iaoeiaa iaa?oiooaaiiy ?ae?a?? ye /eiieea aeooiaiiai iiiaeaiiy no/aniiai
noni?euenoaa cae?eniaia a ?iaioao aaaaoueio ?ioeo aeine?aeiee?a:
N.Aeaaeeiai, A.?aaieoeia, A.Einooe, A.Iae?y, I.?eaa/oea. Ieoaiiyie
oi?ioaaiiy iniia o?enoeyinueei? ii?ae? o i?ioean? aeooiaiiai
a?ae?iaeaeaiiy no/anii? Oe?a?ie caeiaeeny ss.Aieoeaiei, I.Eeoaei,
A.Iaeaoia .

Iacaaaeath/e ia iayai?noue aeineoue oe?ieiai niaeo?o ??ciinoi?iii?o
iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, i?enay/aieo i?aaeiaoo aea/aiiy, aein? ia aoei
oe?e?niiai, ia”?eoeaiiai, eiiieaeniiai ?noi?eei-iaaeaaia?/iiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy, yea ?icaeyaeaei a ??ci? iai?yiee ni?ai?aoe? oeiee,
Oea?eae ? a?iiaaenueeino? a aniaeo? ii?aeueiiai aeoiaaiiy oe?a?inueei?
iieiae?. Oea ? coiiaeei aea?? oaie aeena?oaoe??.

Ca”ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Oaia
aeena?oaoe?? iia”ycaia c i?iaeaiaoeeith iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue eaoaae?e
iaaeaaia?ee Euea?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.?aaia O?aiea.

Ia”?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy — oai??y ? i?aeoeea ii?aeueiiai aeoiaaiiy
oe?a?inueei? iieiae? ia canaaeao o?enoeyinueeiai na?oiaeyaeo (Aaee/eia,
e?i. XIX — 30-o? ?iee XX no.).

I?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy — ci?no, oi?ie, iaoiaee oa caniae ii?aeueiiai
aeoiaaiiy oe?a?inueeeo ae?oae ? iieiae? o i?ioean? ni?ai?aoe?
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaieo caeeaae?a i?ae ii?eith /a?ia/eo /ei?a,
a?aei-eaoieeoeueei? Oea?eae oa a?iiaaenueeeo i?aai?caoe?e ?ae?a?eiiai
ni?yioaaiiy (Aaee/eia, e?i. XIX — 30-o? ?iee XX no.).

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy: ?ice?eoe iniiai? ?aea?, ci?no, oi?ie, iaoiaee oa
caniae ii?aeueii-?ae?a?eiiai aeoiaaiiy oe?a?inueei? iieiae? o i?ioean?
ni?ai?aoe? a?aei-eaoieeoeueei? Oea?eae c ??cieie ina?oi?ie caeeaaeaie e
a?iiaaenueeeie i?aai?caoe?yi; aena?oeeoe i?ia?aeio ?ieue aeooiaainoaa o
oeueiio i?ioean?; aeacaoe oeyoe oai?/iai aeei?enoaiiy iiceoeaieo
iaaeaaiue o no/anieo oiiaao.

Caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy: 1) ?ice?eoe iniiai? iieiaeaiiy oai???
ii?aeueii-?ae?a?eiiai aeoiaaiiy, ?ic?iaeaii? i?aaenoaaieeaie
a?aei-eaoieeoeueei? Oea?eae; 2) ia??iaeecoaaoe ina?oiuei-aeoiaio oa
ii?eoinueeo ae?yeuei?noue oe?a?inueeiai aeooiaainoaa; 3) ocaaaeueieoe
i?aeoe/iee aianie i?aaenoaaiee?a a?aei-eaoieeoeueei? Oea?eae; 4)
i?iaiae?coaaoe oi?ie, iaoiaee oa caniae ii?aeueii-?ae?a?eiiai
aeoiaaiiy, ui aeei?enoiaoaaeenue o i?aeoeoe? ?iaioe ina?oiuei-aeoiaieo
caeeaae?a, oo?eioaaieo ?ae?a?eieie /eiaie, a oaeiae o i?ioean?
ae?yeueiino? a?iiaaenueeeo i?aai?caoe?e; 5) aeae?eeoe i?ia?aneai?
iaaeaaiiy, ui iiaeooue aooe oai?/i aeei?enoai? a no/anieo oiiaao
ni?ai?aoe? oeiee, Oea?eae ? a?iiaaenueeino?.

Oai?aoe/ia iniiaa aeine?aeaeaiiy — iaaeaaia?/i? i?aoe?, a yeeo
aena?oeththoueny: oai?aoe/i? canaaee ? iaoai?cie ii?aeueiiai aeoiaaiiy
(I.Aeooiiae/, I.Noaeueiaoiae/, E.Ooeinueeee); nooi?noue ? ci?no
ii?aeueii-?ae?a?eiiai aeoiaaiiy (A.Aauaiei, ?.AEa?nueeee,
ss.-A.Eiiainueeee, ?.Ia??iei oa ?i.); aeaea?aea c ?noi???
a?aei-eaoieeoeueei? Oea?eae oa oe?a?inueeiai /a?iaoeoaa (I.Aaa?ee,
A.Aaeeeee, N.Oeuei?io); iaaeaaia?/ia niaaeueia i?aaenoaaiee?a
oe?a?inueeiai aeooiaainoaa (?.Aa?oioaanueeee, TH.Aeca?iae/, I.Eii?aae,
E.Ne?iee, A.Oaioeoeueeee oa ?i.); no/ani? ?noi?eei-iaaeaaia?/i?
aeine?aeaeaiiy (A.Aaeoceinueeee, I.?aooo, A.Eai?iue, A.Iaeai?iaea,
A.Nooia?ee oa ?i.); i?aoe? no/anieo iaaeaaia?a-iaoeiaoe?a, i?enay/ai?
?icaeyaeo oai?aoe/ieo ? i?aeoe/ieo aniaeo?a i?aai?caoe?? aeoiaiiai
i?ioeano ia canaaeao o?enoeyinueeiai na?oiaeyaeo (?.Aiae?oo?a, A.Aeo?ou,
I.Aeoiaanueeee, O.?eue?ia, I.Eaiaanueea, A.Ea?aaiae?i oa ?i.); ie?ai?
aeine?aeaeaiiy o aaeoc? nioe?aeueii? iaaeaaia?ee (E.Eiaaeue, I.Eenaiei).

Iniiai? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy:

— oai?aoe/iee aiae?c iaaeaaia?/ieo oaeo?a ? yaeu, a oaeiae ci?noo
oe?eueii? aeieoiaioaoe?? (iaa/aeueieo ieai?a, i?ia?ai, i?ae?o/iee?a ?
iin?aiee?a);

— ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c aeine?aeaeoaaieo oaeo?a ? yaeu o ??ci? ia??iaee;

— noaoenoe/iee aiae?c aeaieo i?i ae?yeuei?noue ina?oiuei-aeoiaieo
?inoeoooe?e ? a?iiaaenueeeo i?aai?caoe?e;

— ?aoa?oaaiiy oa aiiooaaiiy ae?oeiaaieo ia?oiaeaea?ae, iaiioae?eiaaieo
iaoa??ae?a (a?o?ai? aeieoiaioe) oa ?ioeo aeaeaiue (ia??iaeeea, a?ioo?e,
iiiia?ao??, aaoi?aoa?aoe, aeena?oaoe?? oiui);

— eeaneo?eaoe?y, ocaaaeueiaiiy oa nenoaiaoecaoe?y aeine?aeaeoaaieo
iaoa??ae?a oa io?eiaieo aeaieo;

— a?ae?ia?ao?/iee iaoiae.

Iniiai? aeaea?aea aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aaaiio aeaea?aeueio aaco
aeine?aeaeaiiy neeaaeathoue oiiaee OeAe?AO o Eueaia?
(178,179,364,376,408), aea?aeaaieo a?o?a?a Euea?anueei? (o.1,7,110,350)
? Oa?iii?euenueei? (o.161) iaeanoae. O i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiiy aoei
ii?aoeueiaaii 55 — a?o?aieo ni?aa c ieo 26 iieuenueeith iiaith. Aaoi?ii
aea/aeeny iaoa??aee Oeaio?aeueii? iaoeiai? a?ae?ioaee IAIO
?i.A.Aa?iaaenueeiai, Aea?aeaaii? ia?eaiaionueei? a?ae?ioaee Oe?a?ie,
Euea?anueei? iaoeiai? a?ae?ioaee ?i.A.Noaoaieea IAIO, iaoeiaeo
a?ae?ioae Oa?iii?euenueei? iaeano?, ?inoeoooo o?einio?? IAIO
?i.A.Neiai?iaee, Iaoe?iiaeueiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.Oa?ana Oaa/aiea,
Iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa,
Euea?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.?.O?aiea, I?eea?iaonueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.A.Noaoaieea, Euea?anueei? Aiaineianueei? Aeaaeai??,
a?ae?ioaee ae?anii?ii? e?oa?aoo?e i.Eueaiaa.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? o oe?e?niiio
a?aeia?aaeaii? iniiaieo iieiaeaiue oai??? ii?aeueii-?ae?a?eiiai
aeoiaaiiy, ?ic?iaeaieo oe?a?inueeei aeooiaainoaii o Aaee/ei? a e?ioe?
O?O — ia ii/.OOno.; ?icoe?aii? ?noi?eei-iaaeaaia?/ieo a?aeiiinoae i?i
nenoaio, ci?no, o?aaeeoe?ei? oa niaoeeo?/i? oi?ie, iaoiaee ? caniae
ii?aeueii-?ae?a?eiiai aeoiaaiiy oe?a?inueei? iieiae? a?aei-eaoieeoeueeei
aeooiaainoaii; iiaeeaeaii? a?aeiiinoae i?i nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/iee
aeina?ae ni?ai?aoe? oeiee, Oea?eae ? a?iiaaenueeino?, a oiio /ene?
ii?eoinueei? ae?yeueiino? iaeia?aeiieo /a?ia/eo /ei?a; aaaaeaii? a
iaoeiaee ia?a iiaeo ?noi?eei-iaaeaaia?/ieo oaeo?a.

Oai?aoe/io cia/ou?noue noaiiaeoue ?noi?e/ii ia”?eoeaia aena?oeaiiy ?ie?
a?aei-eaoieeoeueei? Oea?eae o i?ioean? ii?aeueii-?ae?a?eiiai aeoiaaiiy
oe?a?inueei? iieiae? Aaee/eie (e?i.O?O — 30-? ?iee OOno.); ?ice?eooy
iniiaieo canaae oai??? ii?aeueii-?ae?a?eiiai aeoiaaiiy, iaa?oioiaaii?
aeooiaainoaii oa iae?aneai? oeyoe i?aeoe/ii? ?aae?caoe?? oeeo iieiaeaiue
o i?aeoeoe? ?iaioe aeoiaieo ?inoeoooe?e ??ciiai ??aiy ? a?iiaaenueeeo
i?aai?caoe?e.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe iieyaa? o aecia/aii? oa ocaaaeueiaii?
iiceoeaieo iaaeaaiue ?noi?eei-iaaeaaia?/iiai aeina?aeo ii?aeueiiai
aeoiaaiiy oe?a?inueei? iieiae? o noa?? ni?ai?aoe? oeiee, Oea?eae ?
a?iiaaenueeino? oa a iieac? oeyo?a ?o oai?/iai aeei?enoaiiy a no/anieo
oiiaao. Iaoa??aee aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeooue aooe canoiniaai? o i?ioean?
aeeeaaeaiiy eo?no “?noi??y iaaeaaia?ee Oe?a?ie”, ie?aieo oai ?c eo?no
“Nioe?aeueia iaaeaaia?ea”, niaoeeo?n?a “Oai??y oa iaoiaeeea ii?aeueiiai
aeoiaaiiy oe?a?inueei? iieiae?”, “O?enoeyinueea aoeea” oiui aeey
nooaeaio?a iaaeaaia?/ieo a?aeae?eaiue eeane/ieo oa iaaeaaia?/ieo
oi?aa?neoao?a, iaaeaaia?/ieo eieaaeae?a, o/eeeu, aeey neooa/?a
oaeoeueoao?a i?aeaeuaiiy eaae?o?eaoe?? oa ia?ai?aeaioiaee eaae??a, a
oaeiae aeey i?aeaioiaee eaoaoeo?a ? a/eoae?a o?enoeyinueei? aoeee. E??i
oiai ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeooue aooe oai?/i aeei?enoai? aeey
?ica”ycaiiy ie?aieo nioe?aeueieo i?iaeai oa i?aai?caoe?? iicao?i/ii? oa
iicaoe?eueii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe o na?aaei?o oeieao, ni?yiiaaii? ia
ii?aeueia aeoiaaiiy o/i?a.

A??ia?aei?noue ?acoeueoao?a ? iniiaieo aeniiae?a aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy caaacia/o?oueny cia/iei ianyaii aeaea?aeueii? aace
(a?o?aieo aeieoiaio?a, ia??iaee/ieo ? ae?anii?ieo aeaeaiue), a?oioiaiei
aea/aiiyi ?noi?e/ieo, o?einionueeeo, iie?oieia?/ieo oa iaaeaaia?/ieo
aniaeo?a iinoaaeaii? i?iaeaie, aeei?enoaiiyi ??ciiiai?oieo iaoiae?a
aeine?aeaeaiue, aaeaeaaoieo ia”?eoo, i?aaeiaoo, iao? oa caaaeaiiyi
aeine?aeaeaiiy, ? iiceoeaieie iane?aeeaie ai?iaaoe?? ?acoeueoao?a.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a iieyaa? a ia”?eoeaiiio o?aeooaaii?
?noi?eei-iaaeaaia?/ieo oaeo?a ? yaeu, iia”ycaieo ?c i?ioeanaie
noaiiaeaiiy oai??? ? i?aeoeee ii?aeueii-?ae?a?eiiai aeoiaaiiy
oe?a?inueei? iieiae? Aaee/eie (e?i.O?O -30-? ?iee OOno.) i?ae ii?eith
a?aei-eaoieeoeueei? Oea?eae, o aena?oeaii? ?yaeo aein? iaa?aeiieo
aniaeo?a ina?oiuei?, aeoiaii?, ii?eoinueei? oa a?iiaaenueei?
ae?yeueiino? oe?a?inueeiai aeooiaainoaa, cie?aia, /a?iaoeoaa.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeany oeyoii ioae?eaoe??
iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, aenooi?a ia i?aeia?iaeieo, anaoe?a?inueeeo ?
?aa?iiaeueieo eiioa?aioe?yo, cie?aia oaeeo, ye “Ii?eoinueea iaaeaaia?ea
a na?oe? no/anii? o?einionueei? i???ioaoe?? ? iaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeoeee”
(AEaooa, ?anioae?ea Iieueua, 1997), “Aoiiiaoe?iiaeueiee ?icaeoie a
Oe?a?i? oa noai oe?a?inueei? aoi?/iino? a ae?anii??: nooi?noue, ?aae??,
eiioe?eoiino?, i?iaeaie oa i?iaiice ia ii?ic? OO?no.” (Ee?a, 1997),
“?aeay iaoe?iiaeueiiai aeoiaaiiy a oe?a?inuee?e ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/i?e
iaooe? O?O-OOno.” (?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1997), “Iia? oaoiieia?? iaa/aiiy:
i?iaeaie, iiooee, ciao?aeee” (Aoceiaa — Euea?a, 1997), “Iiaeeeaino? ?
aa?”??e ?aoi?i aeui? ina?oe” (Eac?iaae Aeieueiee, ?anioae?ea Iieueua,
1998) oa ?i.

C oaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 6 noaoae, 7 iaoa??ae?a
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?e. Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a
aeine?aeaeaiiy a?aeaoaaeiny i?ae /an /eoaiiy ie?aieo oai ii?iaoeaiiai
eo?no “Iniiae iaaeaaia?ee na?aaeiuei? ? aeui? oeiee” oa niaoeeo?no
“Iniiae nioe?aeueii? iaaeaaia?ee” o Euea?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio
oi?aa?neoao? ?i.?.O?aiea, ii?iaoeaieo eo?n?a “Iaaeaaia?ea” oa “?noi??y
iaaeaaia?ee Oe?a?ie” ? niaoeeo?no “?icaeoie ina?oe ia Aoeiaei?” a
*a?i?aaoeueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? ?i. TH.Oaaeueeiae/a oa a
i?ioean? aeeeaaeaiiy iaaeaaia?ee ia eaoaoeoe/ieo eo?nao o Eueaia?.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ? c anooio,
o?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae, aeiaeaoe?a.
Caaaeueiee ianya aeena?oaoe?? noaiiaeoue 232 noi?. iaoeiiieno (iniiaiee
oaeno caeia? 193 noi?.; nienie aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e i?noeoue 321
aeaea?aei; 26 aeiaeaoe?a).

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe?EIIAI AeINE?AeAEAIIss

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy, aea?? eiai
o?iiieia?/ieo ? oa?eoi??aeueieo ?aiie, aecia/aii ia’?eo, i?aaeiao, iaoo
? caaaeaiiy, iaoiaee/i? caniae, iaoeiao iiaecio, oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia
cia/aiiy, iienaii iaoiaee ? aeaea?aeueio aaco aeine?aeaeaiiy, aena?oeaii
ai?iaaoe?th ? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iniiaieo ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? — «Oai?aoe/i? iniiae i?ioeano aeoiaaiiy
oe?a?inueei? iieiae? ia canaaeao o?enoeyinueei? ii?ae? (Aaee/eia, e?i.
O?O — ii/. OO no.)» — aena?oeaii iniiai? iieiaeaiiy oai??? ii?aeueiiai
aeoiaaiiy, ?ic?iaeaii? oe?a?inueeei a?aei-eaoieeoeueeei aeooiaainoaii
e?ath. Iei aoee oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaai? iaoa, iniiai? caaaeaiiy,
i?eioeeie, oi?ie, caniae oa iaoiaee ii?aeueii-?ae?a?eiiai aeoiaaiiy,
eio?a aacoaaeiny ia canaaeao o?enoeyinueei? ii?ae?. Eiie?aoecaoe?y iaoe
aeoiaaiiy, i?iaaaeaia aeooiaainoaii, i?eaaea aei aeae?eaiiy o?ueio
??aiii?aaieo ?? neeaaeiaeo: ?iaeea?aeoaeueii?, noni?eueii? e ?ae?a?eii?.
Caaaeyee iayaiino? inoaiiuei?, aea? iiia?aaei? neeaaeia?, a ioaea e ony
aeoiaia iaoa, iaiiaith?oueny iiaei aeooiaiei ci?noii oa ?aeaaeaie.
Ia?oi/a?aiaei ? iaeaeuei aeoiaiei caaaeaiiyi noa? ii?aeueia
aeineiiae?noue iniaenoino?. Ooiaeaiaioaeuei? iniaeeaino? ?ae?a?eii?
neeaaeiai? oa ?o i??i?eoaoi?noue na?aae ia?ae?eo caaaeaiue on?o aeoiaieo
iai?yie?a ? oeie oaeoi?aie, ui coiiaeththoue aaciaee ? iniiaiiieiaeiee
oa?aeoa? ii?aeueii-?ae?a?eiiai aeoiaaiiy. Oiio, ia aeoieo aeooiaainoaa,
ii?aeueia aeoiaaiiy ? no?eaeiaaei ? aeii?iaioiei iai?yieii onueiai
i?ioeano iaoe?iiaeueiiai aeoiaaiiy.

I?iaaaeaiee aeooiaainoaii aiae?c ??ciiiai?oieo i?aeoiae?a iieacaa, ui
?aeeii i?eeiyoiei na?oiaeyaeiei ooiaeaiaioii aeoiaieo oai??e ?
o?enoeyinueea a/aiiy. Oaeee aea?? iaa?oioiao?oueny eiai ?noi?e/iith
o?aaeeoe?ei?noth oa a?aeiia?aei?noth iaioae?oaoo oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo.

Iniiaia iaoa o?enoeyinueeiai aeoiaaiiy aaco?oueny ia ?aea? nian?iiy
aeoo?. *a?ac oea aeoiaaiiy ethaeeie, eio?a neeaaea?oueny c o?ea ?
aacnia?oii? aeoo? caiaeeoueny, o ia?oo /a?ao, aei ?icaeoeo aeooiaieo
nee iniaenoino?. Oaea aeooiaia caaaa/aiiy, oaeineiiaeaiiy ? c?inoaiiy
ethaeeie aeinyaa?oueny ii?aeueiei aeoiaaiiyi. Oai??y ae ii?aeueiiai
aeoiaaiiy iieeeeaia noi?ioaaoe o?enoeyinueeee na?oiaeyae ? a?aeiia?aei?
?ene oa?aeoa?o, a oaeiae caeo/eoe ethaeeio aei eiie?aoieo ae?e, aeoeaii?
aeia?i/eiii? ae?yeueiino?. Oey oai??y iiaeiia aoea eyaoe a iniiao ?iaioe
on?o aeoiaieo noni?eueieo ?inoeoooe?e: ?iaeeie, aeioe?eey, na?aaeiuei?,
oaoiai? ? aeui? oeiee. ?icaeyaeath/e iniaeeaino? aeoiaiiai i?ioeano o
oeeo ?inoeoooe?yo, aeooiaainoai oaeiae i?iaiae?coaaei i?iaeaie ?
noia?a/iino?, ui iiaeooue i?ecaanoe aei aeano?oeoeaiiai aieeao ia
?icaeoie iniaenoino?.

O iaaeaaia?/iiio ipioean? aeei?enoiaoaaeeny oae? i?eioeeie
ii?aeueii-?ae?a?eiiai aeoiaaiiy: aoiai?caoe??, aeaiie?aoecaoe??,
ia?iaeiino?, i?e?iaeia?aeiia?aeiino?, iii?e ia iiceoeaia,
eoeueoo?ia?aeiia?aeiino?, ?iaeea?aeoae?caoe??, ?aeiino? aeiia ??cieo
aeoiaieo ?inoeoooe?e.

Cia/ia oaaaa aeooiaainoaa i?eae?ey?oueny aeiiaai aei i?ioan?eieo
yeinoae iaaeaaiaa, a oaeiae ia?oeo aeoiaaoae?a aeeoeie — ?? aaouee?a /e
ii?eoi?a. Oea iieeaaea? ia ieo iaia”ycie aeeiiaiiy nai?o iniaeeaeo
niaoeeo?/ieo ooieoe?e.

Aecia/ia i?noea o i?ioean? ii?aeueii-?ae?a?eiiai aeoiaaiiy
i?ae?inoath/iai iieie?iiy caeia? oeiea. Oiio aeooiaainoai iaa?oiooaaei
?yae aeiia uiaei aeoiaiiai i?ioeano o i?e. Iai?eeeaae: a??iniia?aei?noue
oeiee, iai?eionoei?noue eiaaeoeaoe?? a na?aaei?e oeie?, o/anoue o
aeoiaiiio i?ioean? anueiai iaaeaaia?/iiai eieaeoeao, aeniea aeoiaia
aa?o?noue ci?noo ina?oe, iaiao?aei?noue ?icaoaeiae nenoaie
iaoe?iiaeueii? ina?oe ia ?ae?a?eieo canaaeao.

Niaoeeo?ea i?ioeano ?ae?a?eiiai aeoiaaiiy, ui iia”ycaia c eiai
iaaei?e?iaeiith nooi?noth, iaoiiaeea i?ea?iaeuei?noue oaoiieia??
aeoiaaiiy oa ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/iiai ?ino?oiaioa??th, iaiao?aeiiai
aeey ?? ?aae?caoe??. Inoaii?, cie?aia, ia?aaeaa/a?, ie??i oeiiaeo (o?ie,
aeeneon??, eaeoe?? oiui) ? oae? iaoeiia? oi?ie aeoiaaiiy, ye
Aiaineoae?iiy, ?aeie?eoe??, aeci?oe; niaoeeo?/i? iaoiaee (“?icaaaeaiiy”,
?iciia?ae?, aan?aee, i?iiia?ae?, niia?aeue, ?nieo nia?no?) ? nai???aei?
caniae (iieeoaa, ?ae?a?ei? nayoa e o?aaeeoe??, aeooiaia e?oa?aoo?a ?
ioceea, oi?iaee oea?eiaiee ni?a, nae?aeueia ienoaoeoai).

Iniiaiith oi?iith ii?aeueii-?ae?a?eiiai aeoiaaiiy o/i?anueei? iieiae?
aenooiaee o?iee ?ae?a??. ?o ci?no, iia”ycai? c ieie iaia”yceia?
?ae?a?ei? i?aeoeee e oe?euei? i?aai?caoe?? oaeiai ae ni?yioaaiy,
aieiae?ee cia/iei aeoiaiei iioaioe?aeii. Ie??i o?ie?a ?ae?a??, caaaeaiiy
ii?aeueiiai aeoiaaiiy o/i?a aoaeoeaii ae??ooaaeeny ? a i?ioean?
aeeeaaeaiiy ?ioeo iaa/aeueieo i?aaeiao?a oaeeo, ye ??aeia iiaa e
e?oa?aoo?a, ?noi??y, i?e?iaeiciaanoai, i?iiaaeaaoeea o?einio??,
aaia?ao?y, o?ceea oa ?i. Oaeei /eiii, on? oe?euei? iaa/aeuei? i?aaeiaoe
a oie /an a?eueoith /e iaioith i??ith aoee iieeeeai? ae??ooaaoe
caaaeaiiy ii?aeueii-?ae?a?eiiai aeoiaaiiy. ?o ci?no ni?eya oi?ioaaiith
o?enoeyinueeiai na?oiaeyaeo oa caioi/oaaa aei aeia?i/eiii? ae?yeueiino?.
Ioaea, aanue ina?oiuei-aeoiaiee i?ioean aacoaaany ia canaaeao
o?enoeyinueeiai na?oiaeyaeo. ?acii c oei iaa/aiiy o oeieao, ye?
ia?aaoaaee i?ae ii?eith /a?ia/eo ca?iiaaeaeaiue, iineei na?onueeee
oa?aeoa?, eio?ee i?iyaeyany o nayoeoaaii? aea?aeaaieo e iaoe?iiaeueieo
nayo, ooaa?aeaeaii? eoeueoo?ii-ina?oi?o o?aaeeoe?e, ??ciia?/iiio
ni?yioaaii? ci?noo iaa/aiiy ? aeoiaiiai i?ioeano, aaeaeaaoiino?
iaa/aeueieo ieai?a, i?ae?o/iee?a ? i?ia?ai oaeei aea ina?oi?i
aeieoiaioai aeey aea?aeaaieo oe?e.

Ae?oaee ?icae?e — «I?aeoeea ii?aeueiiai aeoiaaiiy oe?a?inueei? iieiae?
a ina?oiuei-aeoiaieo ?inoeoooe?yo i?ae ii?eith /a?ia/eo /ei?a»-
i?enay/aiee iieaco ao?eaiiy iaa?oioiaaieo aeooiaainoaii oai?aoe/ieo
iieiaeaiue o i?aeoeeo ?iaioe ina?oiuei-aeoiaieo onoaiia, eio??
ciaoiaeeeeny i?ae ii?eith oe?a?inueeiai /a?iaoeoaa. Ina?oiuei-aeoiaia
ae?yeuei?noue /a?ia/eo /ei?a ia? aeeaiea ?noi?e/ia ei??iiy ? aoea
i?eoaiaiia iaeaea on?i oe?a?inueeei iiiaoei ia”?aeiaiiyi. O
aeine?aeaeoaaiee ia??iae ia cao?aeiioe?a?inueeeo caieyo, cie?aia a
Aaee/ei?, ina?oiuei-aeoiaiith ae?yeuei?noth caeiaeeny oae? /a?ia/?
ca?iiaaeaeaiiy, ye nn.Aanee?yiee, nn.Neoaeaaieoe?, nn.Nooaeeoee,
nn.Einaoaoee, nn.Eineo?oee, ii.?aaeaiioi?enoe, ii.Nooaeeoe,
nn.Ie?iiineoe?, nn.Ieeina?aey, nn.I?anayoi? ?iaeeie. Ii?yae ?c aeayeeie
niaoeeo?/ieie caaaeaiiyie, oaea i?aoey aenooiaea oa?aeoa?iei ?
i?ia?aeiei iai?yieii ae?yeueiino? on?o oeeo ia”?aeiaiue. Aaeeeee
iaaeaaia?/iee aeina?ae /a?iaoeoaa a?aeia?aceany, cie?aia, o noai?aii?
ieie aeanii? i?eaaoii? iaoe?iiaeueii? nenoaie ina?oe. Oey ia?aaea
ina?oiuei-aeoiaieo onoaiia aoea i?aaenoaaeaia ??cii??aiaaeie caeeaaeaie,
ii/eiath/e a?ae caoi?iiie, ne?ioeioe?a, ii/aoeiaeo ? oaoiaeo oe?e (a
oiio /ene? a/eoaeuenueeeo ? caoi?iiea?nueeeo nai?ia??e) ? cae?i/oth/e
a?iiac?yie oa e?oeayie.

Aei neeaaeo aeioe?eueii? eaiee, ui iaea?eueoith i??ith aoea iieeeeaia
?ica”ycoaaoe ii?eoinueei-aeoiai? caaaeaiiy, aoiaeeee caeeaaee aeaio
eaoaai??e. Oea — onoaiiae ?ioa?iaoiiai oeio, yeeie aenooiaee
ne?ioeioe?, oa caeeaaee iaiiaiiai aeiy — caoi?iiee. Oe?oa ia?aaea
inoaii?o iiynith?oueny ianaiia?aae iaoa??aeueiith e?ecith, o ye?e
ia?aaoaaei a oie /an oe?a?inueea /a?iaoeoai. Noai?aiiy ne?ioeioe?a ?
i?aeo?eiea ?o ?nioaaiiy aeiaaaee cia/ieo o?iainiaeo eioo?a, ui
iaaeaaaeeny ia?aaaaeii ?c iiaea?oa Ieo?iiieeoa, aeooiaainoaa oa
aeaaiae?eieo oiiae?a ? oiaa?enoa.

Iaoa??aeueia e?eca, ui oneeaaeithaaea ieaiiaa noai?aiiy caoi?iiie ?
ne?ioeioe?a, coiiaeea, iaeiae, ?o noeo?eio iiyao. Iacaaaeath/e ia oea,
ne?ioeioe? oa caoi?iiee, ui ciaoiaeeeenue i?ae ii?eith /a?iaoeoaa,
aeinyaee aaaiieo ?acoeueoao?a o aeoiai?e ?iaio? c ae?oueie. C oe??th
iaoith nn.Aanee?yiee niaoe?aeueii i?aai?coaaee naith caoi?iiea?nueeo
nai?ia??th aeey i?aeaioiaee aeoiaieoeue aeioe?eueieo onoaiia.

Iai?ee?ioe? aiae?ciaaiiai ia??iaeo, caaaeyee noa?aiiyi nanoa?
Aanee?yiie, ooieoe?iioaaei 16 iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a ( 5 ii/aoeiaeo
oe?e, 3 a?iiac??, 3 e?oea?, 4 a/eoaeuenuee? nai?ia???, 1 oaoiaa oeiea).
Nano?e Neoaeaaieoe?, ye? iaea?eueoo oaaao i?eae?eyee aeioe?eueiiio
aeoiaaiith oe?a?inueeeo ae?oae, o oeae /an i?aai?coaaee aeecueei 80
ne?ioeioe?a ? caoi?iiie, e?euee?noue aeoiaaioe?a o ieo nyaaea a?eueoa
4 000 in?a. Cia/iei aoa aianie ? ?aooe oe?a?inueeeo /a?ia/eo
ca?iiaaeaeaiue.

Oea?eaa ia /ie? c Ieo?iiiee/ei I?aeeia??aoii aenooiaea ?i?oe?aoi?ii
ni?ai?aoe? /a?ia/eo ca?iiaaeaeaiue ? na?onueeeo oiaa?enoa
ina?oiuei-aeoiaiiai ni?yioaaiiy. Aiia iaaeaaaea iaoa??aeueio aeiiiiiao
i?aai?caoe?yi “Oe?a?inueea Caoi?iiea”, “??aeia oeiea”, “Oiaa?enoai
Aaeaoe?eieo Inaeue” aeey noai?aiiy ina?oiuei-aeoiaieo onoaiia,
i?aeo?eioaaea ?o ooieoe?iioaaiiy, ae??ooaaea i?iaeaio caaacia/aiiy oeeo
caeeaae?a eaae?o?eiaaieie eaae?aie. O nai?e ae?yeueiino? nano?e
iaiaaaeeny aeei?enoiaoaaoe iaeiia?o? aeinyaiaiiy ye a?o/eciyii?, oae ?
ca?oa?aeii? oai??? ? i?aeoeee. Oae, ieie aea/aeeny ? ao?ethaaeeny o
aeeooy ?ic?iaee A.Oa?noa?a, O.O?aaaey ? I.Iiioanni??.

A ii?eoinueeeo onoaiiaao /a?ia/eo ca?iiaaeaeaiue ia?aaoaaee
ae?oe-ne?ioe ??cieo oei?a. Oea — i?e?iaei? ne?ioe oa iai?ane?ioe,
nioe?aeuei? ne?ioe (ae?oe, ui noaee oaeeie i?e aeeaeo aaoueeao,
aiane?aeie ?o ?iceo/aiiy, cieeiaiiy, oa”yciaiiy aai ii?aeueii?
aeaa?aaeaoe??) ? ineoieia?/i? ne?ioe (iaaeaaia?/ii caiaaeaai? ae?oe,
iicaaaeai? iaeaaeii? ii?ee aiane?aeie iaaaaeaiiy aaouee?a caeiaoeny ?o
aeoiaaiiyi). C on?o iacaaieo a?oi ne??o iaea?eueoee a?aenioie neeaaeaee
i?e?iaei? oa nioe?aeuei? ne?ioe, ui aoei coiiaeaia iane?aeeaie a?eie.

Iaa/aeueii-aeoiai? caeeaaee, ui caaacia/oaaee ii/aoeiao, na?aaeith e
oaoiao ina?oo, i?aeii?yaeeiaoaaeeny aea?aeaai?e oe?euei?e aeaae? ?
ei?enooaaeeny o nai?e ae?yeueiino? iaia”yceiaeie iaa/aeueieie ieaiaie oa
i?ia?aiaie. Caaaeyee aeeiiaiith oeieaie ?yaeo oiia (oi?o?eiaai?
iaa/aeuei? ieaie ? i?ia?aie, aenieee iaoeiai-iaoiaee/iee ??aaiue
i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai neeaaeo ? a?aeiia?aeia
iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ia aaca oiui), aiie nenoaiaoe/ii (ca aeiyoeii
ei?ioeio?eaaeeo ia??iae?a noaiiaeaiiy /e ia?aaoaeiae) caeiaoaaee i?aai
i?eethaeiino?, eio?a iaaeaaaeiny ?ane?eioii I?i?noa?noaa A??iniia?aeaiue
? Ina?oe. I?enai?iiy i?aaa i?eethaeiino? iaoei ??aeiiiiaiei ina?oi?i
caeeaaeai a oiiaao iai?oaeaii? iieuenueei-oe?a?inueei? eiio?iioaoe??
aoei ia?aeiieeaei na?ae/aiiyi aenieiai ??aiy ?o ae?yeueiino?.

Aeoiaiee i?ioean, ui iie?aany ia canaaee o?enoeyinueei? ii?ae? e aoa
i?ieiyoee iaoe?iiaeueiei aeooii, noai?thaaa a?aeiia?aei? ia?aaeoiiae
aeey oi?ioaaiiy iiaiai iieiaeiai iieie?iiy oe?a?inueei? iaoe??. A?i aoa
ci???ioiaaiee ia naiii?ciaiiy ? naiiaaeineiiaeaiiy iniaenoino?.
Iinooeaoaie aeoiaiiai i?ioeano aoee oae?:

1) iino?eiee naiieiio?ieue ? naiiaiae?c aeanii? iiaaae?iee, ie?aieo
a/eie?a, aiioe?e, ii/ooo?a ? aaaeaiue ? ia?aaeoiiaith aeooiaiiai
c?inoaiiy;

2) aeei??iaiiy iaaaoeaieo ?en, cae/ie, iaoee?a, oi?ioaaiiy neee aie?,
iiceoeaieo yeinoae iniaenoino?, oe?ii?nieo i???ioaoe?e, o?enoeyinueeiai
na?oiaeyaeo ? o?eaaeei i?ioeanii, ui i?iaeiaaeo?oueny ona aeeooy;

3) eeoa oeyoii naiii?ciaiiy iiaeia c?icoi?oe nai? i?ecia/aiiy o aeeoo?.

Ii?yae ?c aeii?ioth/ei ii?aeueii-?ae?a?eiei aeoeieii o caaaeaieo
caeeaaeao ae??ooaaeeny caaaeaiiy ?icoiiaiai, anoaoe/iiai, aeiiii?/iiai,
a?iiaaenueei-aea?aeaaiiai, o?oaeiaiai oa o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy
i?aeii?/ieo, ui a e?ioeaaiio ?acoeueoao? aeyaeeiny o ?o ??ciia?/iiio oa
aa?iii?eiiio ?icaeoeo. Iaea?eueo aoaeoeaieie oi?iaie
ii?aeueii-?ae?a?eiiai caaaa/aiiy aenooiaee iaia”yceia? ?ae?a?ei?
i?aeoeee, o?iee ?ae?a?? oa o/anoue o ae?yeueiino? iieiae?aeieo oiaa?enoa
oaeiai ae ni?yioaaiiy. ?icoiiaa oa anoaoe/ia aeoiaaiiy o/i?a
cae?enithaaeiny, ianaiia?aae, o oaeeo i?aai?caoe?eieo oi?iao, ye
naiiae?yeuei? ao?oee, eio?? aenooiaee i?aai?caoi?aie e eii?aeeiaoi?aie
??ciia?/ii? iicao?i/ii? oa iicaoe?eueii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? — “A?iiaaenuee? i?aai?caoe?? ?ae?a?eiiai
ni?yioaaiiy ye /eiiee ii?aeueiiai aeoiaaiiy oe?a?inueei? iieiae?” —
i?iaiae?ciaaii i?ioean ni?ai?aoe? Oea?eae ? a?iiaaenueeino?.

Anoia?a/ neeaaeiei iie?oe/iei oiiaai, ui neeaeeny ia ii/.OOno. o
Aaee/ei?, cia/ii iiaeaaaeth?oueny eoeueoo?ii-i?ina?oiy ae?yeuei?noue
a?iiaaenueeeo ? oea?eiaieo i?aai?caoe?e. Iaiaaath/enue i?aeiyoe ??aaiue
iaoe?iiaeueii? na?aeiiino? e aeooiaii? eoeueoo?e oe?a?inueei? iaoe??,
i?ia?aneaia a?iiaaenuee?noue oa aeooiaainoai caniiaothoue ??ciiiai?oi?
naiiae?yeuei? ia”?aeiaiiy ? oiaa?enoaa. Aenoioaoe aanei aeooiaiiai
iiiaeaiiy, Oea?eaa ?icai?oa? oe?ieiianooaaio ina?oiuei-aeoiaio,
a?iiaaenueei-eoeueoo?io e aeaai/eiio ae?yeuei?noue. Ii?aeueia
oaeineiiaeaiiy oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo a?aei-eaoieeoeueea aeooiaainoai
o?nii iia”ycoaaei ?c ooaa?aeaeaiiyi eiai iaoe?iiaeueieo iniia, oiaoi
?icaeyaeaei oe? aeaa aniaeoe ye iaa?aeae?euei? neeaaeia? iaeiiai
i?ioeano — eoeueoo?iiai a?ae?iaeaeaiiy e aeooiaiiai c?inoaiiy iaoe??.
Oi?iaie oaeiai ?icaeoeo noaee iieiae?aei? ia”?aeiaiiy oa oiaa?enoaa,
ae?yeuei?noue yeeo iaoiiaethaaeany canaaeaie o?enoeyinueei? ii?ae? ?
iaoe?iiaeueieie aa?oinoyie, a oaeiae iio?aaaie oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo a
iaoa??aeuei?e ? ii?aeuei?e i?aeo?eioe? oa ii?oe? ae?oae ? iieiae?.

?aeay noai?aiiy iieiae?aeieo o?enoeyinueeeo ia”?aeiaiue aoea caiice/aia
?c Caoiaeo. Iaeia?oeie na?aae i?aai?caoe?e ?ae?a?eiiai ni?yioaaiiy ia
oe?a?inueeeo caieyo ?icii/aee naith aiinoieuenueeo i?aoeth Ia??enuee?
Ae?oaeeie (aeae? — IAe). Ii/aoee ?o ae?yeueiino? ia cao?aeiioe?a?inueeeo
caieyo aeaoothoueny OV?? noie?ooyi.

?iioeuenii aei aeoeaiiai noai?aiiy aiaeia?/ieo oiaa?enoa, oaeaeeiai
c?inoaiiy e?eueeino? ?o /eai?a noaea ?icii/aoa o 1931?. Eaoieeoeueea
Aeoe?y (aeae? — EA). Iiaa iaeii?iaiia i?aai?caoe?y, ui c”yaey?oueny ia
oe?a?inueeeo caieyo ye iane?aeie caeeee?a aeooiaainoaa, noa? oeaio?ii
?ioaa?aoe?? ?nioth/eo ?ae?a?eieo ia”?aeiaiue. Aeania Eaoieeoeueea Aeoe?y
aenooiaea ?i?oe?aoi?ii noai?aiiy Oe?a?inueeeo Eaoieeoeueeeo Nithc?a
(OEN) ye nai?o ieae/eo i?ae?icae?e?a.

Aeaye? c oiaa?enoa (EA, OEN) caeo/aee aei /eainoaa oe?iea eiei
aaaeath/eo, ?io? (IAe) aeio?eioaaeenue oae caaiiai “i?eioeeio ae?oe”, ui
ia?aaeaa/aa aei?noeee a?aea?? o/aniee?a. E?eoa??yie oaeiai a?aeai?o aoee
aeoeai?noue, i?aoeueiaeo?noue, aenieee ??aaiue aeooiaiino?,
iaoe?iiaeueii? na?aeiiino?. O/anieeaie Ia??enueeeo Ae?oaeei
caeaa?eueoiai aoea i?aaenoaaieee o/i?anueei? e nooaeaionueei? iieiae?,
oiio ?nioaaee oe? i?aai?caoe?? aaciina?aaeiuei i?e ??cieo
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaieo caeeaaeao (?inoeoooao, a?iiac?yo, a/eoaeuenueeeo
nai?ia??yo, oaoiaeo ? aeueo oeieao). Eaoieeoeueea Aeoe?y ? Oe?a?inuee?
Eaoieeoeuee? Nithce ia”?aeioaaee i?aaenoaaiee?a ??cieo a?eiaeo a?oi ye
iieiaeiai iieie?iiy, oae ? aei?ineiai ianaeaiiy. Ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/i?
iniaeeaino? a?eiaiai ?icaeoeo o/aniee?a oeeo i?aai?caoe?e coiiaeee
aeaye? niaoeeo?/i? a?aei?iiino? o aeeiioaaieo ieie caaaeaiiyo.
Eoeueoeaoaaiiy ianiaeo oi?i ?iaioe ni?eyei caeo/aiith aei oiaa?enoa
oe?ieiai caaaeo oa noai?aiith iiaeo i?ae?icae?e?a ? nii??aeiaieo
i?aai?caoe?e. Aaeeea e?euee?noue /eai?a, oe?iea ??ciiieaiiaa
ae?yeuei?noue oiaa?enoa ? na?ae/aiiyi ?o cia/ii? iiioey?iino?. Ca?aeii
noaoenoe/ieo aeaieo, o 1938?. aei neeaaeo eeoa Ia??enueeeo Ae?oaeei
aoiaeeei 268 i?aai?caoe?e ?c caaaeueiith e?euee?noth 22 355 in?a. O ?o
/ene? aoee Ia??enueea Ae?oaeeia nooaeaioie oi?aa?neoaoo (48 in?a) oa 53
iaea?eueo iania? i?aai?caoe?? o/i?a na?aaei?o oe?e (4 307 in?a).

Ioiiethth/e oe?ie? aa?noae ianaeaiiy e?ath ye o nioe?aeueiiio, oae ?
a?eiaiio aniaeo?, oiaa?enoaa noaaeee nia? ca iaoo ii?aeueii-?ae?a?eiee
aeoe?e, i?aeianaiiy ??aiy ina?/aiino?, aeoiaaiino? e a?iiaaeyinueei?
c??eino? ia eeoa nai?o /eai?a, a e an??? a?iiaaenueeino? oa ?icai?oaiiy
oe?iei? oa?eoaoeaii? ae?yeueiino?.

*?oea no?oeoo?a i?aai?caoe?e, i?aeii?yaeeiaai?noue aeuei i?ae?icae?eai,
aeaiie?aoe/iee noeeue ?iaioe noai?thaaee a?aeiia?aei? ia?aaeoiiae aeey
aoaeoeaii? oai?/i? i?aoe?. I?ea?iaeuei? oi?ie e iaoiaee ?iaioe oiaa?enoa
caaacia/oaaee c?inoaiiy ?ioaeaeoo, oi?ioaaiiy o?enoeyinueeiai
na?oiaeyaeo oa anaa?/iee aa?iii?eiee ?icaeoie o/aniee?a. O?niee
aca?iica”ycie i?aai?caoe?e c Oea?eaith, ianoaaieoeoai aeaeaoieo
aeooiaieo in?a coiiaeee /?oea aeio?eiaiiy o ?o ae?yeueiino?
o?enoeyinueeeo ii?aeueieo ii?i.

O ?iaio? ?icaeyiooi i?aai?caoe?eio no?oeoo?o oa ci?no ae?yeueiino?
?ae?a?eieo oiaa?enoa. Aeaoaeueii aiae?co?oueny ci?no ?iaioe naeoe?e
Ia??enueeeo Ae?oaeei, eiaeia c yeeo iaea nai? niaoeeo?/i? ooieoe??. Oae,
iai?eeeaae, ?aoa?eno?eia naeoe?y caeiaeany i?iaaaeaiiyi ?
iiioey?ecaoe??th ?ae?a?eieo i?aeoee, a oaeiae aeooiaiith ii?eith iaae
ae?oueie. *eaie ?aoa?aoii-i?aniai? naeoe?? iioe?thaaee ?ae?a?eio
e?oa?aoo?o, noai?thaaee /eoaeuei? oa a?ae?ioaee, caniiaoaaee ?
i?aeo?eioaaee ia??iaee/i? aeaeaiiy. O caaaeaiiy /eai?a aeia?iae?eii?
naeoe?? aoiaeeei a?aea?aeoaaiiy oaiaeo ?iaeei, iaaeaiiy ?i iaoa??aeueii?
oa ii?aeueii? aeiiiiiae, i?aai?caoe?y aaceiooiaiiai oa?/oaaiiy aeey
noa?oe?a ? oa”yciaieo, iiooe iiaeeeainoae i?aoeaaeaoooaaiiy aac?ia?oieo,
?ici?uaiiy ne??o o i?eooeeao, i?aai?caoe?y eo?n?a iaa?aiioieo ? o.?i.
A?aea?aeoaaiiyi oai?eo o e?/ieoeyo, cai?ii aeey ieo a?ioae,
a?aeiia?aeieo oa?/?a, iaeaaiaeaeoaaiiyi ?o eenooaaiiy c ??aeiath
caeiaeeny /eaie oieoaeueii? naeoe??. Oe?ieee ianya caaaeaiue noaaeee
ia?aae niaith ? o/anieee oa?eoaoeaii? naeoe??. Aiie aeaaee i?i
i?aeo?eieo oaiai? oe?eueii? iieiae?, ne??o, caeeaaeaee, oae caai?,
“ii?aaei? iaoa??a”, oieoae?, i?eooeee, naaei/ee, ynea, noai?thaaee
??ciiai ?iaeo ao?ne, oaoia? iaenoa?i?, ii?aaei? aeey aeai?o i?ioan?e,
iaaeaaaee e?ea?nueeo oa a?ioiao aeiiiiiao.

Naith niaoeeo?eo ? ?icaaeoaeaio i?aai?caoe?eio no?oeoo?o iaea oaeiae ?
Eaoieeoeueea Aeoe?y. Oiaa?enoai ae?yei ia iniia? ceaaiaeaeaii?
ni?ai?aoe? ??ciiiai?oieo “aiinoieuenoa”. Na?aae ieo ne?ae a?aecia/eoe
anooiia, aiinoieuenoai aeooiaiiai ieeina?aey, a?oie oa?eoaoeaii?
ae?yeueiino?, o?eaio?ii?/ii? aeiiiiiae, aiinoieuenoai aeoeieo na?onueeeo
i?ia?aeiee?a oa ?i.

Iaaecae/aeii aeniei? ioe?iee caneoaiao? oa?eoaoeaia i?aoey oiaa?enoa.
Aeoe?? aeaaiae?eieoeoaa, aea?oiaiino? oa ieeina?aey aoee iayai? o ?iaio?
an?o i?ae?icae?e?a iieiae?aeieo ia”?aeiaiue. Iaaeaiiy iaoa??aeueii? oa
ii?aeueii? i?aeo?eiee, oo?aioa i?i nioe?aeueii ne?eaaeaeaieo, a”yci?a,
oai?eo, ne??o, ia?anoa??eeo aoee oa?aeoa?ieie iciaeaie ae?yeueiino?
?ae?a?eieo i?aai?caoe?e.

Ia iaio oe?iiei aniaeoii ?iaioe oeeo oiaa?enoa aoea ni?ai?aoey c
aiaeia?/ieie ca?oa?aeieie ia”?aeiaiiyie. Aeaeaaoaaiiy i?aaenoaaiee?a
i?aai?caoe?e ia ??ciiiai?oi? i?aeia?iaei? oi?oie aenooiaei iaeiei ?c
cania?a na?oiai? ?ai?acaioaoe?? onueiai oe?a?inueeiai iieiae?aeiiai
?ooo.

Iane?aeeii ?iaioe oiaa?enoa aoei oi?ioaaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii? na?aeiiino?,
aenieiai ??aiy a?iiaaenueei? ? ii?aeueii? c??eino?, ui i?iyaeyeeny,
cie?aia, a aea?oiaiino? oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo ia ??ci? ina?oiuei-aeoiai?
?inoeoooe?? ? nioe?aeuei? iio?aae oaiaeo, iai?/ieo, ia?anoa??eeo. O
?acoeueoao? i?aoe? i?aai?caoe?e ooaa?aeeany i?anoeae iaoeaiaonueei? ?
o?eaio?ii?/ii? ae?yeueiino?, aeueo?o?cio, i?e/iio ia o?eueee na?aae
aeooiaainoaa, ia?iaeiiai a/eoaeuenoaa, a?iiac?eii? oa oi?aa?neoaonueei?
i?ioano?e, aea e na?aae i?uai ? iaa?oue iaa?aiioieo naeyi. O i??o nai?o
iiaeeeainoae on? aiie cae?enithaaee iiaea?oae ia ??aeio oeieo, ii?eo ?
i?aeo?eieo oe?a?inueeeo ae?oae.

A E N I I A E E

?.Aeaeaoi? i?aaenoaaieee Oea?eae: A.Oaioeoeueeee, TH.Aeca?iae/,
E.Ne?iee, ?.Aa?oioaanueeee, ?.Iaca?ei, I.Eii?aae, A.Eeoeeiye, I.Eauoe,
A.Einoaeueiee oa ?i. ?icai?ioee aeoeaio ina?oiuei-aeoiaio,
eoeueoo?ii-i?aai?caoe?eio e oa?eoaoeaio ae?yeuei?noue.

Iaaeaaia?/ia i?aoey aeooiaainoaa cae?enithaaeany ia?aeaeueii a
oai?aoe/i?e ? i?aeoe/i?e ieiueiao. Ieie aoei oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaaii
canaaeie/? ?aea? ii?aeueii-?ae?a?eiiai aeoiaaiiy oe?a?inueei? iieiae?.
Iniiaieie iinooeaoaie oe??? oai??? aenooiaee oae?:

— o?enoeyinueea a/aiiy ? na?oiaeyaeiei i?aea?oioyi oai???
ii?aeueii-?ae?a?eiiai aeoiaaiiy;

— ii?aeueia aeoiaaiiy iiaeiii aenooiaoe no?eaeiai ? i?iiecoaaoe niaith
nenoaio iaoe?iiaeueiiai aeoiaaiiy, iaiiaithaaoe ?? iniaeeaei aeooiaiei
ci?noii, oi?ioaaoe iia? ?aeaaee;

— ii?aeueii-?ae?a?eia aeoiaaiiy ia? i??i?eoaoia cia/aiiy na?aae on?o
?ioeo iai?yie?a;

— aanue aeoiaiee i?ioean, ? a ia?oo /a?ao eiai iaoa e caaaeaiiy,
aieiae?thoue iaaei?e?iaeiei ci?noii, eio?ee iieyaa? a oiio, ui eiaeia
ethaeeia ia? nai? iacaiia i?ecia/aiiy;

— iino?eia, iaiieaaeeaa ? a?oioiaia i?aoey iaae aeooiaiei
naiiaaeineiiaeaiiyi ? iaeiei ?c cania?a ii?aeueii-?ae?a?eiiai aeoeieo;

— ie??i naiiaaeineiiaeaiiy, caaeey ia?niaeoeae a?/iiai aeeooy
iniaeno?noue ciaia”ycaia aei ooeyoaoiaiiy naiai caiiiai ?nioaaiiy c
iaeyaeo eiai ei?eniino? aeey noni?euenoaa, iaoe?? ? Oea?eae;

— ii?aeueii-?ae?a?eia aeoiaaiiy iiaeiii aacoaaoeny ia naiiaeoiaaii?,
ni?eyoe ?icaeoeo aeanii? oai?/i? aeoeaiino? oa ?i?oe?aoeae;

— i?e aeii?ioth/iio cia/aii? naiiaeoiaaiiy ii?aeueii-?ae?a?eiee aeoe?e
iiaeiai cae?enithaaoeny i?ioyaii onueiai aeeooy ethaeeie, ii/eiath/e
a?ae iaeiieiaeoiai a?eo;

— ie??i aeoiaaiiy ie?aieo iniaeno?nieo ?en, oi?ioaaiiy na?oiaeyaeo oa
ooaa?aeaeaiiy ia?aeiiaiue, ii?aeueii-?ae?a?eiee aeoe?e iaia”yceiai
ia?aaeaa/a? ae?iaeaiiy a ethaeei? iio?aae aei naii?aae?caoe?? oeyoii
cae?eniaiiy oe?iei? ? aaaaoinoi?iiiuei? aeia?i/eiii? ae?yeueiino?;

— ii?aeueii-?ae?a?eiei aeoiaaiiyi ciaia”ycai? caeiaoeny, ia?aaeon?i,
aaoueee, a oaeiae eaoaoeoe, a/eoae? oa aeoiaieee; aiie iiaeii?
i?iaoaeaeoaaoe o aeeoeie ia?o? ?ae?a?ei? ii/oooy, i?ea/aoe aei
iaei?ino?oeo ?ae?a?eieo i?aeoee, oi?ioaaoe a?aeiia?aei? yeino? ? ?ene;

— aoaeoeaia ?aae?caoe?y caaaeaiue ii?aeueii-?ae?a?eiiai aeoiaaiiy ?
iaiiaeeeaith aac iayaiino? iaaieo iaaeaaia?/ieo oiia, niaoe?aeueieo
oaoiieia?e, ui aacothoueny ia niaoeeo?/ieo iaoiaeao, i?eioeeiao, oi?iao
? caniaao;

— aenieo ?acoeueoaoeai?noue aeoiaiiai i?ioeano caaacia/eoue aa?iii?eia
ii?aeiaiiy o?aaeeoe?eieo iaoiae?a, oi?i ? cania?a aeoiaaiiy c
iao?aaeeoe?eieie, ye? iathoue iaaei?e?iaeia caaa?aeaiiy ? oa?aeoa?;

— ?aae?coaaoe caaaeaiiy ii?aeueii-?ae?a?eiiai aeoiaaiiy ia i?aeoeoe?,
aenooiaoe i?aai?caoi?ii oaeiai i?ioeano iiaea eeoa a?aeiia?aeii
eaae?o?eiaaiee niaoe?ae?no, ui iaeiaeiaith i??ith a?aecia/a?oueny ye
a?oioiaieie oaieia?/ieie, oae ? ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ieie ciaiiyie, a
oaeiae aieiae?? aeaiaioaie iaaeaaia?/ii? iaenoa?iino?;

— ii?aeueii-?ae?a?eiee aeoe?e ae?oae iiaeiai cae?enithaaoeny aac
aeiaeiiai oeneo ? i?eiono;

— ?acoeueoaoe ?ae?a?eiiai aeoiaaiiy ae?oae ia iiaeooue aenooiaoe
i?aaeiaoii ?o aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? a i?ioean? ioe?ithaaiiy ciaiue;

— on? aeoiai? ?inoeoooe?? (?iaeeia, oeiea, Oea?eaa ? naiiae?yeuei?
i?aai?caoe??) iiaeii? o?nii ni?ai?aoethaaoe i?ae niaith o i?ioean?
ii?aeueii-?ae?a?eiiai aeoiaaiiy ae?oae oa iieiae?.

??. Aeoeaio e ie?aeio i?aai?caoe?eii-eoeueoo?io, aeia?i/eiio e
ina?oiuei-aeoiaio ?iaioo i?iaiaeeei oe?a?inueea /a?iaoeoai. Eiai
/enaeuei?noue oi?iaeiaae aeine?aeaeoaaiiai ia??iaeo cia/ii c?inea. ?o
ii?eoinueei-aeoiaia i?aoey coiiaeea iiyao ia oe?a?inueeeo caieyo,
cie?aia a Aaee/ei?, oe?ei? ia?aae? ??aeiiiiaieo aeioe?eueieo onoaiia.

Caaaeyee ae?yeueiino? aaaaoi/eneaieo iieiae?aeieo i?aai?caoe?e
?ae?a?eiiai ni?yioaaiiy, ?icai?oaiiy ieie oe?iei? aeoiaii?,
eoeueoo?ii-i?ina?oiuei? oa oa?eoaoeaii? ?iaioe, oe?a?inueea ianaeaiiy
e?ath io?eioaaei iaaecae/aeii iio??aio ? oe?iio i?aeo?eieo, ii?aeueio e
iaoa??aeueio ii?eo.

Aiane?aeie ieaiii??iiai nenoaiaoe/iiai aieeao aeooiaainoaa o aeioneiee?a
ina?oiuei-aeoiaieo onoaiia, eio?? i?aoethaaee i?ae ii?eith
oe?a?inueeiai /a?iaoeoaa, oa o/aniee?a i?aai?caoe?e ?ae?a?eiiai
ni?yioaaiiy noi?ioaaany aenieee ??aaiue iaoe?iiaeueii? na?aeiiino?,
iao??ioecio, aioiaiino? a?aeaeaoe nai? aeeooy ca oe?a?inueeee ia?iae,
aea?aeaao ? a??o.

Ocaaaeueithth/e ae?yeuei?noue aeooiaainoaa, ne?ae aeae?eeoe aeaa
iai?yiee eiai ?iaioe. Ia?oee — ina?oiuei-aeoiaia i?aoey a ??cieo
noni?eueieo ?inoeoooe?yo (oeieao, ne?ioeioeyo, aeioe?eueieo onoaiiaao) ?
ae?oaee — a?iiaaenueei-aeoiaia ae?yeuei?noue a i?aai?caoe?yo (EA, OEN,
IAe). Eiaeai ?c oeeo iai?yie?a iiaeia oiiaii ia??iaeecoaaoe.

1.Ina?oiuei-aeoiaia ae?yeuei?noue a ?inoeoooe?yo. Iie?ath/enue ia
e?euee?ni? oa ye?ni? iieacieee ae?yeueiino? aeooiaainoaa a oeueiio
iai?yieo, iiaeia aeae?eeoe o?e iniiai? aoaie. Ia?oee aoai (1892-1906??.)
— ia??iae noaiiaeaiiy i?eaaoiiai oe?a?inueeiai aeioe?eey i?ae ii?eith
/a?ia/eo /ei?a. Ae?oaee aoai (1906-1932??.) — ?icaoaeiaa nenoaie
ii?eoinueei-aeoiaieo onoaiia, oo?eioaaieo /a?iaoeoaii oeyoii noai?aiiy
na?aaei?o oe?e ? a/eoaeuenueeeo nai?ia??e. O?ao?e aoai (1932-1939??.) —
caaa?oaiiy oi?ioaaiiy nenoaie i?eaaoii? oe?a?inueei? ina?oe i?ae ii?eith
/a?ia/eo /ei?a. Oaeei /eiii, iiaeia c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui ai?iaeiaae
ia??iaeo c e?i.O?O — aei 30-o ?ie?a OO no., caaaeyee aeoeai?e i?aoe?
/a?ia/eo ca?iiaaeaeaiue, a?aeaoaaeiny iiaoaiia oi?ioaaiiy nenoaie
i?eaaoiiai oe?a?inueeiai oe?eueieoeoaa ? oea noaiiaeaiiy cae?enithaaeiny
ii aeno?aei?e e?i??.

2. A?iiaaenueei-aeoiaia ae?yeuei?noue o naiiae?yeueieo i?aai?caoe?yo
?ae?a?eiiai ni?yioaaiiy. O oeueiio aniaeo? i?aoeth aeooiaainoaa iiaeia
oiiaii iiae?eeoe ia aeaa aaeee? aoaie. Ia?oee aoai (e?i. O?O — 20-?
?iee OO no.) — ia??iae canioaaiiy ia?oeo a?iiaaenueeeo ?ae?a?eieo
i?aai?caoe?e) Ia??enueeeo Ae?oaeei, ye? ae?yee i?e oe?a?inueeeo
a?iiac?yo, ?inoeoooao, a/eoaeuenueeeo nai?ia??yo. Ae?oaee aoai (20-? —
30-? ?iee OO no.) — ia??iae ?icoe?aiiy ia?aae? a?iiaaenueeeo
i?aai?caoe?e i?ae ii?eith Oea?eae (iiyaa EA ? OEN).

?icaeyaeath/e cia/iee iaaeaaia?/iee aei?iaie oe?a?inueeiai aeooiaainoaa
a aaeoc? ii?aeueiiai aeoiaaiiy oe?a?inueei? iieiae?, ne?ae cacia/eoe ?
aeaye? iaaeie?ee. Oea, ia?o ca ana, iai”yoo?ai-iaoai?noe/i? iaoiaee
aea/aiiy i?aaeiao?a ?ae?a?eiiai oeeeeo, ye? aaeineiiaethaaeeny
iia?eueieie oaiiaie. A?aenooi?noue ?aeeiiai i?aaio, eio?ee cae?enithaaa
ae oi?aae?inuee? ooieoe?? o aaeoc? aeioe?eueiiai aeoiaaiiy. I?aeaeuaiith
aoaeoeaiino? ina?oiuei-aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino? oe?a?inueeiai /a?iaoeoaa oa
c?inoaiiy ?? ianya?a cia/iith i??ith ni?eyei a iaeaaiaeaeaiiy o?nii?
ni?ai?aoe? i?ae naieie ca?iiaaeaeaiiyie.

???. Ia iaa?oioiaaieo aeooiaainoaii oai?aoe/ieo canaaeao
ii?aeueii-?ae?a?eiiai aeoeieo aacoaaeany i?aeoeea ina?oiuei-aeoiaii?
?iaioe aeooiaainoaa, cie?aia /a?iaoeoaa. Oea /?oei i?inoaaeo?oueny o
an?o eaieao noai?aii? iei aeanii? i?eaaoii? iaoe?iiaeueii?
ina?oiuei-aeoiaii? nenoaie. Caaaeaiiy ii?aeueii-?ae?a?eiiai aeoiaaiiy
aoee i??i?eoaoieie iai?yieaie ?iaioe ye caoi?iiie, ?ioa?iao?a,
ne?ioeioe?a, ii/aoeiaeo e oaoiaeo oe?e, oae ? a?iiac?e oa e?oea?a.
Iacaaaeath/e ia oea, o an?o caaaeaieo caeeaaeao aeoiaiee i?ioean iinea
na?onueeee oa?aeoa?. Iaeiae, on? iai?yiee ??ciia?/iiai ?icaeoeo
iniaenoino? aacoaaeenue ia canaaeao o?enoeyinueeiai aeoiaaiiy, iniiaieie
?aeayie yeiai aenooiaee neoaeaa Aiaia? oa Oe?a?i?, iaoa??aeueia oa
ii?aeueia aeiiiiiaa iai?/iei, oaiaei, ia?anoa??eei oiui.

Niia?aeue, aan?aee, i?iiia?ae?, ?icaaaeaiiy, ?nieo nia?no?, a oaeiae
aeaye? ?ae?a?ei? i?aeoeee aoee iniaeeai aoaeoeaieie oeyoaie aieeao ia
na?aeii?noue, aieth, ii/oooy ? iiaaae?ieo o/i?a caaeey ?aae?caoe??
iaaii? aeoiaii? iaoe, oiio aiie aenooiathoue iaoiaeaie ii?aeueiiai
aeoiaaiiy. O i?aeoeoe? ?iaioe iieiae?aeieo i?aai?caoe?e ?ae?a?eiiai
ni?yioaaiiy (IAe, EA, OEN) aeei?enoiaoaaeny oae? iaoiaee ii?aeueiiai
aeoiaaiiy, ye i?yia e iiina?aaeeiaaia iaa/aiiy aa?oinoae, i?eeeaaeo
(yeei, cie?aia, aenooiaa ioaoeue — i?ia?aeiee) oa ?i.

Caniaaie ii?aeueii-?ae?a?eiiai aeoiaaiiy, oiaoi oeie oaeoi?aie, ca
aeiiiiiaith yeeo cae?enith?oueny oa ?ioaineo?eo?oueny aeoiaiee i?ioean,
aenooiathoue: iieeoaa, ci?no i?aaeiao?a ?ae?a?eiiai oeeeeo, aeooiaia
e?oa?aoo?a e ioceea, ni?a, nae?aeueia ienoaoeoai, i?aoey, ni?eeoaaiiy oa
?i. Na?aae oe?ieiai niaeo?o cania?a, ui aeei?enoiaoaaeenue o
ae?yeueiino? aeua caaaeaieo oiaa?enoa, ne?ae a?aecia/eoe a?ae?ioaee,
aeaeaaieoeoaa, eaoieeoeueeo e?oa?aoo?o, ?aoa?aoe, ienoaoeueeo
oai?/?noue, iaoa??aeuei? oiiaee ? o. ?i.

Oi?ie ?iaioe, ye? aeei?enoiaoaaeenue aeooiaainoaii, iiaeia iiae?eeoe ia
o?e a?oie: 1) niaoeeo?/i? oi?ie ?ae?a?eiiai aeoiaaiiy; 2) o?aaeeoe?ei?
oi?ie ii?aeueiiai aeoiaaiiy; 3) oi?ie ni?ai?aoe? c ??cieie
?inoeoooe?yie a aniaeo? iaoe?iiaeueiiai aeoiaaiiy oe?a?inueei? iieiae?.

?V. Oaeee aeina?ae iiaeiai aooe oai?/i aeei?enoaiee o no/anieo oiiaao
a?aeie?aieaiiy oeiee a?ae Oea?eae. Iiaeeeaeie oeyoaie ? oae?:

1. Caaeey i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? aea/aiiy i?aaeiaoa “O?enoeyinueea
aoeea” aeioe?eueii aoei a ?icoe?eoe eiai, acyaoe aei oaaae ci?no
i?aaeiao?a ?ae?a?eiiai oeeeeo, ui aeeeaaeaeeny o na?aaei?o oeieao
Aaee/eie e?i.O?O — ii/.OOno.

2. A?oioiaiee ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/iee aeoe?e aeeeaaea/?a o?enoeyinueei?
aoeee, ye iaeia ?c ia?aaeoiia oni?oiiai ia?aa?ao ina?oiuei-aeoiaiiai
i?ioeano, oaeiae iiaeiai a?aeaoaaoeny c a?aooaaiiyi ?noi?e/iiai
aeina?aeo.

3. Noai?aiiy ??ciiiai?oieo iieiae?aeieo i?aai?caoe?e ?ae?a?eiiai
ni?yioaaiiy (IAe, EA, OEN) iiaei a noaoe ua iaeiei e?ieii ia oeyoo aei
iaeaaiaeaeaiiy i?ae on?ia caaaeaieie aeoiaieie /eiieeaie ? iniaeeai
?iaeeiith oa Oea?eaith ia?oia?nueeeo, ae?oaei?o aca?iia?aeiinei.

4. I?aeo?eiea Oea?eaith iieiae?aeiiai ?ooo oa ii?ea iaae iei ni?eyea a
aeooiaiiio e eoeueoo?iiio caaaa/aiith oe?a?inueeeo ae?oae.

5. A oiiaao ?icaeoeo caeeaae?a aeueoa?iaoeaii? ina?oe Oea?eaa iiaea a
noai?eoe aeanio i?eaaoio iaoe?iiaeueio ina?oiuei-aeoiaio nenoaio. Iaeiei
?c iai?yie?a ooieoe?iioaaiiy oeeo caeeaae?a aenooiaea a i?aeo?eiea ?
?icaeoie iaaea?iaaii? iieiae?.

6. Noai?aiiy ia?aae? aeioe?eueieo caeeaae?a i?ae ii?eith /a?ia/eo
ca?iiaaeaeaiue ni?eyei a ooaa?aeaeaiith iaoe?iiaeueieo aa?oinoae oa
?aeaae?a na?aae iaeiaioeo i?aaenoaaiee?a oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo.

7. Iaeaaiaeaeaiiy ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa i?ae Oea?eaith ? a?iiaaenuee?noth
aeaei a ciiao ?ica”ycaoe ?yae aeoiaieo ? nioe?aeueieo i?iaeai. Oea.
ianaiia?aae, aa?iii?eia ii?aeiaiiy iaoa??aeueii? (c aieo aea?aeaae) ?
ii?aeueii? (c aieo Oea?eae) ii?ee iaae oaiaeie, oai?eie, iai?/ieie,
ia?anoa??eeie e iaeeiieeie ethaeueie, nioe?aeueia i?aeo?eiea ?
?anioe?ae?caoe?y ??cieo noni?eueieo i?ioa?e?a, i?aai?caoe?y aeaoaaeo
eooiiue, i?eooee?a aeey ne??o, aacaeiiieo, noai?aiiy oieoae?a,
aeia?i/eiieo oiiae?a ? onoaiia. Caeiaoeny i?aai?caoe??th ?
eii?aeeiaoe??th oaei? ?iaioe iiaeiai, ia iaoo aeoieo, ni?eueiee ea??aiee
i?aai, eio?ee cae?enithaaa ae eiio?iethth/? ooieoe?? oa iaaeaaaa ae
eiie?aoio aae?anio aeiiiiiao.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? a?aeia?aaeai? a oaeeo ioae?eaoe?yo:

1. Ieueoei ?.ss. Eaoieeoeueea Aeoe?y ye i?aai?caoe?y ii?aeueiiai
naiiaeoiaaiiy oe?a?inueei? iieiae? (Aaee/eia, ii/.OOno.) // Iaoeia?
caienee Oa?iii?euenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo.Na??y
iaaeaaia?ea.- Oa?iii?eue.-1999.-?1.-N.105-107.

2. Ieueoei ?.ss. Eaaa N.A. O?aaeeoe?? ii?aeueiiai aeoiaaiiy oe?a?inueei?
iieiae? a Aaee/ei? (e?i.O?O — 30-? ?iee OOno.) // Iaoeia? caienee. Ca.
iaoe. noao. Iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai?
I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa.- E.:IIO, 1999.-?1.-N.118-125.

3. Ieueoei ?.ss. Iniaeeaino? iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai i?ioeano o
Euea?anuee?e oaoia?e oeie? nanoa? Aanee?yiie (ii/.OOno.) // Iaaeaaia?ea
? ineoieia?y i?ioan?eii? ina?oe.-Euea?a.-1998.-?1.-N.94-97.

4. 4.Ieueoei ?.ss. Iniiai? iai?yie aeoiaaiiy a a?iiac?yo nanoa?
Aanee?yiie (Aaee/eia, ii/. OOno.) // Ina?oyiei.-Oa?iii?eue.-1998.-
?7.-N.27-29.

5. Ieueoei ?.ss. O?enoeyinueea aoeea ye o?einionueea iniiaa aeey
oi?ioaaiiy ? ?aae?caoe?? iiaeo oaoiieia?e iaa/aiiy // Iaaeaaia?ea ?
ineoieia?y i?ioan?eii? ina?oe.-Euea?a.-1997.-?3-4.-/.1.-N.37-41.

6. Ieueoei ?.ss. Ae?yeuei?noue ?ae?a?eieo ca?iiaaeaeaiue o aaeoc?
aeioe?eueiiai aeoiaaiiy oe?a?inueeeo ae?oae, Aaee/eia (e?i.O?O —
ii/.OOno.) // No/ania oe?a?inueea aeoiaaiiy.:Iaoa?. iaoe.-i?aeo. eiio.
”Oe?a?inueea iaoe?iiaeueii-aeaiie?aoe/ia iaaeaaia?ea a eiioaeno?
caaaeaiue no/aniiai aeoiaaiiy”.-Euea?a, 1997.-N.32-36.

7. Eein ?.N., Eo?eye ?.?., Ieueoei ?.ss. Euea?anueea a?iiac?y nanoa?
Aanee?yiie ye iaoe?iiaeueiee ina?oiuei-aeoiaiee ina?aaeie // No/ania
oe?a?inueea aeoiaaiiy.:Iaoa?. iaoe.-i?aeo. eiio.”Oe?a?inueea
iaoe?iiaeueii-aeaiie?aoe/ia iaaeaaia?ea a eiioaeno? caaaeaiue no/aniiai
aeoiaaiiy”.-Euea?a, 1997.-N.14-17.

8. Ieueoei ?.ss. ?ieue Ia??enueeeo Ae?oaeei o i?ioean? ii?aeueiiai
aeoiaaiiy oe?a?inueei? iieiae? // ?aeay iaoe?iiaeueiiai aeoiaaiiy a
oe?a?inuee?e ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/i?e iaooe? O?O — OOno.:Ca noao.? aeii.
Anaoe?. iaoe.-i?aeo.eiio.- Eieiiey, 1997.-N.162-163.

9. Ieueoei ?.ss. Eo?eye ?.?. Aei i?iaeaie iaoe?iiaeueiiai aeoiaaiiy
ae?oae-ne??o (?noi?eei-iaaeaaia?/iee aniaeo) // Aoiiiaoe?iiaeueiee
?icaeoie a Oe?a?i? oa noai oe?a?inueei? aoi?/iino? a ae?anii??:
nooi?noue, ?aae?? eiioe?eoiino?, i?iaeaie oa i?iaiice ia ii?ic? OO?no.
Iaoa?. i?aeia?iae. iaoe.-i?aeo. eiio./.1.- Ee?a-*a?i?aoe?: Ee?anueeee
a?enueeiaee aoiai?oa?iee ?inoeooo, 1997.-N.337-341.

10. Myszczyszyn I. Wybrane aspekty dz?alalnosci edukacyjnej i
wychowawczej zakonu siostr Bazylianek w Galicji (kon.w.XIX — 1-a pol.
w.XX) // Lubelski rocznik pedagogiczny.-T. XVIII.-Lublin: wydawnictwo
UMCS, 1998.-S.241-247.

11. Myszczyszyn I. Kurlak I. Dzialalnosc Druzyn Marijskich jako wazny
czynnik narodowego wychowania mlodziezy ukrainskiej w Galicji (kon.XIX
-pocz. XX w.) // Edukacja mlodego pokolenia polakow i ukraincow w
kontekscie integracji europejskiej. Nadzieje i zagrozenia / Pod red. R.
Kuchy i E.Klosa.-Lublin.: UMCS, 1998.-S.321-327.

12. Myszczyszyn I. Specyfika rozwoju osobowosci ucznia a zasady etyki
chrzescianskiej //Uniwersyteckie ksztalcenie nauczycieli a
psychopedagogiczne czynniki rozwoju ucznia. Pod red. M. Ochmanskiego. —
Lublin.: UMCS, 1998.-S.275 — 278.

13. . Klos E., Myszczyszyn I. Praktyka pedagogiczna opieki nad sierotami
w dzialalnosci ukrainskich greko-katolickich zgromadzen klastornych w
Galicji wschodniej (1905-1939) //Pedagogika opiekuncza wobec
wspolczesnej orientacji i praktyki pedagogicznej. T.1.Rzeszow: wyd.
Centrum Doskonalenia Pedagogicznego, 1999.-S.143-149

Ieueoei ?.ss. Ii?aeueia aeoiaaiiy oe?a?inueei? iieiae? a i?ioean?
ni?ai?aoe? oeiee, a?aei-eaoieeoeueei? Oea?eae ? a?iiaaenueeino?
(Aaee/eia, e?i.O?O — 30-? ?iee OOno).-?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaia?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 13.00.01 — oai??y oa ?noi??y iaaeaaia?ee.-
Oa?iii?euenueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Aieiaeeie?a
Aiaothea, Oa?iii?eue, 1999.

O aeai?e ?iaio? aiae?co?oueny oa ocaaaeueith?oueny oai??y ? i?aeoeea
ii?aeueiiai aeoiaaiiy oe?a?inueei? iieiae? a Aaee/ei? (e?i.O?O — 30-?
?iee OOno.) o i?ioean? ni?ai?aoe? oeiee, a?aei-eaoieeoeueei? Oea?eae ?
a?iiaaenueeino?. Iniaeeaa oaaaa i?eae?ey?oueny aena?oeaiith iieiaeaiue
oai??? ii?aeueii-?ae?a?eiiai aeoiaaiiy, iaa?oioiaaieo aeaeaoieie
i?aaenoaaieeaie Oea?eae, a oaeiae ?icaeyaeo oi?i, iaoiae?a ? cania?a
ii?aeueiiai aeoiaaiiy iieiae? a ina?oiuei-aeoiaieo ?inoeoooe?yo oa
a?iiaaenueeeo i?aai?caoe?yo i?ae ii?eith aeooiaainoaa,
aeine?aeaeothoueny iniiai? iai?yiee nioe?aeueii-ii?eoinueei? ?
iaoeaiaonueei? ae?yeueiino? oe?a?inueei? Oea?eae.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ii?aeueii-?ae?a?eia aeoiaaiiy, caoi?iiee, ne?ioeioe?,
a?aei-eaoieeoeueea Oea?eaa, ni?ai?aoey aeoiaieo ?inoeoooe?e, /a?ia/?
/eie, Ia??enuee? Ae?oaeeie.

Ieueoei E.ss. I?aanoaaiiia ainieoaiea oe?aeineie iieiaeaaee a i?ioeanna
nio?oaeie/anoaa oeieu, a?aei-eaoiee/aneie Oea?eae e iauanoaaiiinoe
(Aaeeoeey, eii.O?O — 30-a aiaea OO aa.).-?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 13.00.01- oai?ey e enoi?ey iaaeaaiaeee.-
Oa?iiiieuenueeee ainoaea?noaaiiue iaaeaaiae/aneee oieaa?neoao eiaie
Aeaaeeie?a Aiaothea, Oa?iiiieue, 1999.

A i?aaenoaaeaiie ?aaioa aiaeece?oaony e iaiauaaony oai?ey e i?aeoeea
i?aanoaaiiiai ainieoaiey oe?aeineie iieiaeaaee (Aaeeoeey, eii.O?O —
30-a aiaea OO aa.) a i?ioeanna nio?oaeie/anoaa oeieu, a?aei-eaoiee/aneie
Oea?eae e iauanoaaiiinoe. Iniaia aieiaiea oaeaeyaony inaauaieth aaaeoueo
iieiaeaiee oai?ee i?aanoaaiii-?aeeaeiciiai ainieoaiey, iainiiaaiiuo
auaeathueieny i?aaenoaaeoaeyie a?aei-eaoiee/aneie Oea?eae, a /anoiinoe
A.Oaioeoeeei, TH.Aeca?iae/ai, E.Aa?oioaaneei, E.Neeiui, I.Eii?aaeii,
E.Iaca?eii e ae?. Enneaaeiaaiea iaaeaaiae/aneiai ianeaaeey aeayoaeae
oe?aeineie Oea?eae aeaei aiciiaeiinoue eco/aieth iniiaiuo oi?i, iaoiaeia
e n?aaenoa i?aanoaaiii-?aeeaeiciiai ainieoaiey, a oaeaea ?iee e
ooieoeeiiaeueiiai iacia/aiey a yoii i?ioeanna oaeeo einoeoooia eae
naiuey, aeioeieueiua o/?aaeaeaiey, oeiea, iauanoaaiiua i?aaiecaoeee.

Cia/eoaeueiia ianoi a oai?aoe/aneii aeinoiyiee aeooiaainoaa oaeaeyaony
?anniio?aieth ee/iinoe ainieoaoaey, aai i?ioanneiiaeueiuo ea/anoa e
niaoeeoeea iaaeaaiae/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe.

Ouaoaeueiue eiiieaeniue aiaeec i?aeoeee ?aaiou ia?aciaaoaeueiuo e
iiaeoineeo o/?aaeaeaiee, niaea?aeaueony a?aei-eaoiee/aneei iiiaoanoaii,
e?iia i?aaiecaoeeiiiuo e iaoiaee/aneeo aniaeoia eo aeayoaeueiinoe aeae
aiciiaeiinoue /aoei ii?aaeaeeoue niaea?aeaiea, iniiaiua iai?aaeaiey,
oi?iu, iaoiaeu e n?aaenoaa iaoeeiiaeueiiai ainieoaiey oe?aeineie
iieiaeaaee. Oaoiieiae/aneee eino?oiaioa?ee yoiai i?ioeanna iiaeii
?acaeaeeoue ia aeaa a?oiiu: o?aaeeoeeiiioth e niaoeeoe/aneoth.
Iineaaeiyy a?oiia aeeth/aao a naay oa oi?iu, iaoiaeu e n?aaenoaa,
eioi?ua ioee/athony naa?ouanoanoaaiiie nouiinoueth e naycueth n aunoei
aaniethoii.

Iainiiaaiiia aeooiaainoaii iieiaeaiea i i?ei?eoaoiinoe e aeiieiaioiinoe
i?aanoaaiii-?aeeaeiciiai n?aaee anao iai?aaeaiee ainieoaiey aunooiaei
aaaeouei i?eioeeiii ainieoaoaeueiie ?aaiou yoeo o/?aaeaeaiee. Ia?yaeo n
?aciinoi?iiiei e aa?iiie/aneei ainieoaieai aeooiaii aiaaouo
aunieii?aanoaaiiuo ee/iinoae aieueoia aieiaiea oaeaeyeinue oi?ie?iaaieth
eo iaoeeiiaeueiiai niciaiey, aeinoieinoaa, iao?eioecia, ?acaeoeth
eioaeeaeoa e ie?iaicc?aiey.

I?aanoaaiiia ainieoaiea oaeaea aunooiaei aaaeouei iai?aaeaieai
aeayoaeueiinoe iiiai/eneaiiuo iauanoaaiiuo i?aaiecaoeee ?aeeaeiciiai
oa?aeoa?a — Ia?eeneeo Ae?oaeei, Eaoiee/aneie Aeoeee, Oe?aeineeo
Eaoiee/aneeo Nithcia. Oniaa?oainoaiaaieth e iaiaauaieth aioo?aiiaai
aeooiaiiai ie?a /eaiia yoeo i?aaiecaoeee niinianoaiaaee ia oieueei
ia?ii?eyoey e aeoeee ?aeeaeiciiai niaea?aeaiey, ii e oe?ieay
i?inaaoeoaeueneay e aeaaioai?eoaeueiay aeayoaeueiinoue. Neaaenoaeai
oaeie iiiaiieaiiaie ?aaiou iieiaeaaeiuo nithcia noaee aeoaieay
aeooiaiinoue, a oaeaea ?aciinoi?iiiaa ?acaeoea e aunieee o?iaaiue
iaoeeiiaeueiiai niciaiey, ia oieueei eo /eaiia , ii e anaai oe?aeineiai
ianaeaiey e?ay.

Iniaia aieiaiea a enneaaeiaaiee oaeaeyaony inaauaieth, aiaeeco e
iaiauaieth nioeeaeueii-iiaeoineie aeayoaeueiinoe oe?aeineiai
aeooiaainoaa. Ia?aciaaiiua oe?aeineei iiiaoanoaii ?aciio?iaiaaua
o/?aaeaeaiey: aeaoneea aeiia e naaeu, i?ioanneiiaeueiua oeieu, aeiiacee
e eeoeae noaiiaeeenue i/aaaie iaoeeiiaeueiie eoeueoo?u e oeaio?aie
iaoa?eaeueiie e ii?aeueiie iiaeaea?aeee oe?aeineeo aeaoae. Iiuo oaeie
?aaiou a ianoiyuaa a?aiy yaeyaony aeooaeueiui e i?aaenoaaeyao ia?iiioth
oeaiiinoue.

Auiieiaiiia enneaaeiaaiea oai?ee e i?aeoeee i?aanoaaiiiai ainieoaiey
oe?aeineie iieiaeaaee Aaeeoeee nicaeaao i?aaeiinueee aeey oai?/aneiai
eniieueciaaiey iieiaeeoaeueiiai ioa/anoaaiiiai iiuoa yoie ?aaiou a
nia?aiaiiuo oneiaeyo.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: i?aanoaaiii-?aeeaeiciia ainieoaiea, aeaoneea aeiia e
naaeu, a?aei-eaoiee/aneay Oea?eiaue, nio?oaeie/anoai ainieoaoaeueiuo
o/?aaeaeaiee, iiiaoea i?aeaia, Ia?eeneea Ae?oaeeiu.

Ethical education of Ukrainian youth in the process of cooperation of
school, the Gric-Catholic Church and the community (Galicia, the end of
19th century -the 30th of the 20th century). Manuscript.

Doctoral dissertation in pedagogics in the speciality of 13.00.01. -the
theory and history of pedagogics. — The Volodymyr Hnatyuk State
Pedagogical University of Ternopil, Ternopil, 1999.

The theory and practice of ethical education of Ukrainian Youth in
Galicia( the end of 19th — the 30th of 20th century) in the process of
cooperation of school the Gric-Catholic Church and the community.
Special attention is payied to basical points of the theory of
ethical-education, based by the outstanding representatives of the
Church and also to the examination of forms, methods and means of
ethical education of youth in educational institutions and public
organizations under the clergy’s guardionship, main directions of
social, guardian and patronage activity of the Ukrainian Church are also
researched here.

Key words: Ethical-religious education; kindergardens; orphanages; the
Gric-Catholic Church; cooperation of educational institutions; monastic
ranks; Mariyski Drudgyny.

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 21.10.99 Oi?iao 60o90/16 Iai?? ae?oe ?1

Ae?oe ionao.Oiiai.ae?oe.a?e.1,0.Oiiai.oa?a.a?aea.1,0.

Iae.aeae.a?e.1,0. Oe?aae 100. Cai.339.

Aeaeaaie/ee oeaio? Euea?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? ?aaia
O?aiea

290602 Euea?a, aoe.Oi?aa?neoaonueea, 1.

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