IAOe?IIAEUeIEE AA?A?IEE OIIAA?NEOAO

AIAe???IEI AAEEIA AAI?A??AIA

OAeE 632.95.024:633/635

III?OI?EIA AAOA?IOeEEE?*IEO IANOEOeEAe?A

A N?EUeNUeEIAINIIAeA?NUeEEO EOEUeOO?AO

03.00.16 — aeieia?y

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe

Ee?a -1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a eaai?aoi??? aiae?oe/ii? o?i?? ianoeoeeae?a
?inoeoooo caoenoo ?ineei OAAI a 1988-1998 ??.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo
iaoe

Aoaeee Ethaeieea
?aai?aia,

?inoeooo caoenoo
?ineei OAAI,

caa?aeoaa/ eaai?aoi???
aiae?oe/ii?

o?i?? ianoeoeeae?a

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Oeaiei Aaeaioei
A?eai?iae/,

Iaoe?iiaeueiee aa?a?iee
oi?aa?neoao,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e
ioi?iie i?aoe?

eaiaeeaeao
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe

Eiceia Ieeiea
Aaneeueiae/,

?inoeooo aa?iaeieia?? oa
a?ioaoiieia?? OAAI,

i?iaiaeiee iaoeiaee
niia?iaioiee

eaai?aoi??? aeieiai/ieo
i?iaeai

aeei?enoaiiy aeia?ea oa
iao?ieiai/iiai
caaacia/aiiy

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Aea?aeaaia aa?iaeieia?/ia aeaaeai?y
Oe?a?ie,

i. AEeoiie?

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny » 18 » /a?aiy 1999 ? i 10
aiaeei? ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.004.02 a
Iaoe?iiaeueiiio aa?a?iiio oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith: 252041, Ee?a-42,
aoe. Aa?i?a Iai?iie, 15, ei?ion 3, aoaeeoi??y 65.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe?
Iaoe?iiaeueiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo, Ee?a-41, aoe. Aa?i?a Iai?iie,
11, ei?ion 10.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee » 15 “ o?aaiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
A.?. Iaiaeaeoe

1

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. A no/anieo iaoiaeao caoenoo ?ineei ana
a?eueoa oaaae i?eae?ey?oueny ?ioaa?iaai?e ai?iouea? c oe?aeieeaie, yea
caaacia/o?oueny ca ?aooiie o?ueio oaeoi??a: no?eeeo aei oe?aeiee?a
ni?o?a ?ineei, canoinoaaiiy ianoeoeeae?a ? ae?iuoaaiiy eoeueoo? a
n?aici?iao.

O?i?/iee iaoiae caoenoo oa aeei?enoaiiy ?aaoeyoi??a ?inoo ?ineei
i?iaeiaaeo? caeiaoe aeii?ioth/a iieiaeaiiy, ine?eueee a?i a?aeiinii
aeaoaaee ? aoaeoeaiee. Iaeiae oe?iea aeei?enoaiiy o?i?/ieo i?aia?ao?a
iiaea iaoe ? iaaaoeai? iane?aeee: iaeiie/aiiy a a?oio?, aiaeieiao,
aeieeiaiiy no?eeeo aei ieo iiioeyoe?e oe?aeeeaeo i?aai?ci?a, iiyaa iiaeo
aeiiii?/ii cia/oueo oe?aeiee?a, caoaia ae?y ia i?aaenoaaiee?a ei?enii?
oaoie oa oei?e, iioaioe?eia caa?ica caei?ia’th ethaeeie. Ii?ooaiiy
i?e?iaeieo a?ioeaiic?a noaaeoue ia?aae aeine?aeieeaie iia? caaaeaiiy, ye
i?e ?ic?iaoe? ie?aieo oaoiieia?e, oae ? i?e aecia/aii? ia?niaeoea
?icaeoeo o?i?/iiai iaoiaeo caoenoo ?ineei.

Aaoa?ioeeee?/i? niieoee c ??ciiiai?oiith a?ieia?/iith aeoeai?noth
caeiathoue eaaeue ia ia?oa i?noea na?aae ?ioeo eean?a i?aai?/ieo niieoe
? a?ae?a?athoue aeeeth/io ?ieue o aaaeeeaeo i?ioeanao aeeaeo ee?oei. A
?yaeo i’yoe oa oanoe/eaiieo oeeee?a c iaeiei ? a?eueoa aaoa?iaoiiii a
oeeee? ciaeaeaii ?a/iaeie c ??cieie ianoeoeeaeieie aeanoeainoyie:
?inaeoeoeeaee, aa?a?oeeaee, ooia?oeeaee, ?aaoeyoi?e ?inoo, iaiaoioeeaee.
Oiio iii?oi?eia aaoa?ioeeee?/ieo ianoeoeeae?a a ia’?eoao aa?iaeinenoaie
? aaaeeeaith ? aeooaeueiith i?iaeaiith, aeey ae??oaiiy yei? ia?o ca ana
iaiao?aei? aeniei/ooeea? oa naeaeoeai? iaoiaee aiae?co.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie oaiaie. Oaia aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ?
neeaaeiaith /anoeiith oaie «?ic?iaeoe nenoaio aiae?oe/iiai eiio?ieth
oiene/ieo i?aai?/ieo ?a/iaei, ui caa?oaeiththoue aa?iaeinenoaio, c
iaoith i?aeaeuaiiy yeino? i?iaeoeo?a oa?/oaaiiy», iiia? Aea?aeaaii?
?a?no?aoe?? Ae? ? A 01002949 ?, oa oaie «Noi?ioaaoe ani?oeiaio iiaeo
ianoeoeeae?a, ?ic?iaeoe oa oaeineiiaeeoe oaoiieia?? ?o canoinoaaiiy»,
iiia? Aea?aeaaii? ?a?no?aoe?? 01970012336.

Iaoa oa caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue. Iaoith aeine?aeaeaiue aoei
aeioieneeieia?/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy canoinoaaiiy aaoa?ioeeee?/ieo
ianoeoeeae?a, ye? i?noyoue a oeeee? aoiie acioo, oa ioe?iea ?eceeo ?o
canoinoaaiiy i?e ae?iuoaaii? ??cieo n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo eoeueoo?.
Caaaeaiiyie aeine?aeaeaiue aoee:

— aea/aiiy o?ceei-o?i?/ieo aeanoeainoae oa ?ic?iaea iaoiae?a aiae?co
aaoa?ioeeee?/ieo ianoeoeeae?a iiiaeaiiai ani?oeiaioo: iio?aeieo a?oie
aaic?i?aeacieo (Aaiii?eo, Ea?aaiaeaceio, O?aaaiaeacieo), o?eacieo
(Aaeeaoiio, O?eoo, Oie?eo?o, ?iiaeoo), ii?oie?io (Ei?aaeth, Ae?iaaoo) oa
oai?ei??acieo (?aaaioo);

— aea/aiiy aeeiai?ee aeaoieneeaoe?? ianoeoeeae?a iio?aeieo
aaic?i?aeacieo, o?eacieo, ii?oie?io oa oai?ei??acieo a
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo eoeueoo?ao;

— aeyaeaiiy aieeao aeieia?/ieo oaeoi??a ia oaeaee?noue aeaoieneeaoe??
ianoeoeeae?a a ia’?eoao aa?iaeinenoai;

— aecia/aiiy nooiaith ?eceeo canoinoaaiiy aaoa?ioeeee?/ieo ianoeoeeae?a.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia. Aecia/aii aeeiieuei? iiiaioe oa eeaneo?eiaai? ca
iiey?i?noth aaoa?ioeeee?/i? ianoeoeeaee iiiaeaiiai ani?oeiaioo.

Aia?oa anoaiiaeaia caeaaei?noue oiia ?o aiae?co o?iiaoia?ao?/ieie oa
aieueoaiia?iiao?e/ieie iaoiaeaie, oaeaee?noue aeaoieneeaoe?? oa
iaeiie/aiiy a ia’?eoao aa?iaeinenoai a?o ?o iiey?iino?.

Aecia/aii eiinoaioe oaeaeeino? oa ia??iaee aeaoieneeaoe?? aeayeeo
aaoa?ioeeee?/ieo ianoeoeeae?a a ?ineeiao ? a?oio?, ye? aeicaieythoue
ioe?ieoe caa?oaeiaiiy ianoeoeeaeaie a?iaeath.

Aeiaaaeaii, ui ca ?ioaa?aeueiith eeaneo?eaoe??th aeieia?/iee ?ecee
canoinoaaiiy aaoa?ioeeee?/ieo ianoeoeeae?a ioe?ith?oueny ye
iaeiiaaacia/iee; aeeth/aiiy ?o a ani?oeiaio ianoeoeeae?a ? oiiaith
aeieia?/ii aacia/iiai canoinoaaiiy o?i?/iiai caoenoo ?ineei a?ae
oe?aeeeaeo i?aai?ci?a.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe. ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaeeee aecia/aiiy i?aia?aoo
?aaaioo (o?i?ii?eo), Ei?aaeth (oaii?ii?ii?oo), ?aaeiio (aeeeaaoo),
noi?o? Iaoaoino, Aaeeaoiio (o?eaaeeiaoiio) ? O?eoo (i?ii?eiiacieo) oa
eiiieaenieo i?aia?aoia A?ioeeoo, yeee i?noeoue aaoa?ioeeee?/i? niieoee
??cii? iiey?iino? (oeoo?eaoie ? o?aaaiaeacie) i
Ae?iaaoo-OII(aeeiaoiii?o+oei?ieneae iiaei) iaoiaeii OOO oa A?O.
Canoiniaaii aieueoaiia?iiao?e/ee iaoiae aeey aiae?co iiey?ieo
aaoa?ioeeee?/ieo ooia?oeeae?a.

Iaoiaeeee aecia/aiiy ?aaeiio, Noi?eaeno, Iiiieoo, Aaiii?eo oa AIE,
Ei?aaeth, noi?o? Iaoaoino c Aaeeaoiiii oa O?eoii, ?aaaioo a ?ineeiao,
a?oio? oa aiae?, caoaa?aeaeai? Aea?aeo?ieii?n??th ye io?oe?ei? ?
aeei?enoiaothoueny aeey aiae?co caeeoe?a ianoeoeeae?a a ?ineeii?e
i?iaeoeoe?? oa o?iaea? nai?oa?ii-ai?aeai?ieia?/ieie noaioe?yie,
eiio?ieueii-oieneeieia?/ieie eaai?aoi??yie oa neoaeaaie I?iAIE.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aeeiai?ee caeeoe?a ianoeoeeae?a aeei?enoai?
i?e ?ic?iaoe? aeeoa?aioe?eiaaieo ?aaeaiaio?a canoinoaaiiy ianoeoeeae?a
aeey ai?ioueae c oe?aeieeaie ? oai?iaaie ?ineei oa i?e aeeth/aii?
i?aia?ao?a a ia?ae?e, ca?a?no?iaaieo aeey aeei?enoaiiy a Oe?a?i?.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a iieyaa? a i?aeaioiaoe? oa i?iaaaeaii?
eaai?aoi?ieo aeine?aeaeaiue, iinoaiiaoe? aenia?eiaio?a, aiae?oe/i?e
?iaio?, aiae?c? oa aeniiae?a iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy oa ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe
aeiiiaiaeaeenue oa iaaiai?thaaeenue ia A/ai?e ?aae? ?C? OAAI (1998): ???
Ananithci?e ia?aae? c aiae?co caeeoe?a ianoeoeeae?a (Iineaa, 1979);
Ananithci?e eiioa?aioe?? ii iaoiaeai aiae?co ia’?eo?a iaaeieeoiueiai
na?aaeiaeua(Iineaa, 1983); V Ananithci?e eiioa?aioe?? ii aiae?oe/i?e
o?i?? i?aai?/ieo niieoe (Iineaa. 1984); Ananithci?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? «Aeooaeueiua aii?inu io?aiu ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu io
aio?iiiaaiiiai aicaeaenoaey» (Naaanoiiieue, 1989), (Naaanoiiieue, 1990);
nai?ia?? «Iaoiaeu aiaeeca neaaeiauo eiee/anoa aauanoa a iauaeoao
ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu, i?iaeoeoao ieoaiey e aein?aaeao» (Ee?a, 1992);
iaoeiai-iaoiaee/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «Noaeee ?icaeoie aa?iaeieia?/ieo nenoai
a oiiaao iaiaaeaiiai ?ano?niiai caaacia/aiiy» (Ee?a, 1998).

Ioae?eaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiue
aeeoei c ae?oeo 32 ioae?eaoe??, ii oai? aeena?oaoe?? — 14.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia
noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo , neeaaea?oueny ?c caaaeueii?
oa?aeoa?enoeee ?iaioe, o?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e
ae?iaieoeoao, aeiaeaoeo. Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy caaaeai? a 20
oaaeeoeue, 14 ?enoie?a. Ia?ae?e iineeaiue aeeth/a? 204 iaeiaioaaiiy, a
oiio /ene? ?iicaiieo aaoi??a 58.

1 Iaeyae e?oa?aoo?e

I?iaaaeaii aiae?c oa ocaaaeueiaii e?oa?aoo?i? aeai? c i?iaeaie
canoinoaaiiy aaoa?ioeeee?/ieo niieoe aeey caoenoo
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo eoeueoo? a?ae oe?aeeeaeo i?aai?ci?a.
Aeiaaaeaii iaiao?aei?noue i?iaaaeaiiy iii?oi?eiao aaoa?ioeeee?/ieo
ianoeoeeae?a a aa?io?oioeaiicao aeey iaa?oiooaaiiy ?o aacia/iiai
canoinoaaiiy.

2 Aenia?eiaioaeueia /anoeia

2.1 I?noea, oiiae ? iaoiaeeea aeine?aeaeaiue

Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeenue a eaai?aoi??? aiae?oe/ii? o?i??
ianoeoeeae?a ?inoeoooo caoenoo ?ineei OAAI, aaaaoaoe?eieo,
i?eeiae?eyieiaeo oa iieueiaeo aeine?aeao ainiiaea?noa Ee?anueei? oa
Ieeiea?anueei? iaeanoae.

Aeine?aee i?iaiaeeee a eiiieaen? a a?aeae?eaie aea?aeaei?iaoaaiiy oa
oaoiieia?? canoinoaaiiy ianoeoeeae?a, caoenoo ca?iiaeo eoeueoo? a?ae
oe?aeeeaeo i?aai?ci?a oa oieneeieia?? ianoeoeeae?a ?C? a 1996-1998 ??. a
e?ninoaiia?e (Ee?anueea iaeanoue) oa noaiia?e (Ieeiea?anueea iaeanoue)
ciiao Oe?a?ie. ?ici?? aeine?aeieo ae?eyiie 6o10 i, iiaoi?i?noue 4-o
e?aoia. Ia?iaeo iin?a?a cae?enithaaee ?aioeaaei iai?eneoaa/ai. C?acee
aeey aiae?co a?aeae?aeenue ia 1, 3, 6, 7, 10, 14, 20 aeiao i?ney
iai?eneoaaiiy oa i?e cai?? o?iaeath. Ai?no o?i?ii?eo a ?ineeiao oa
a?oio? a aeeiai?oe? aecia/aee iaoiaeaie oiieioa?iai? oa aaci??aeeiii?
o?iiaoia?ao?? ca io?oe?eii caoaa?aeaeaieie iaoiaeeeaie. A oiiaao
E?ninoaio (a?oio — n??ee ii?aecieaiee c ?I 6,8; ai?no aoiono 2,2%,
eiao?oe??io naiii/euaiiy ?cii-I,5I; AOE — 1,8, na?aaeiueiaeiaiaa
oaiia?aoo?a 200N) a Noaio (a?oio — /i?iicai i?aaeaiiee iaeiaoioniee c
?I =7; ai?no aoiono 3,2%, ?cii-0,55; AOE -0,7-0,8, na?aaeiueiaeiaiaa
oaiia?aoo?a a ia??iae ia?iaee 280N)

Aecia/aiiy aaoa?ioeeee?/ieo ianoeoeeae?a oaii?ii?ii?oo, i?ii?eiiacieo,
o?eaaeeieoiio, o?i?ii?eo oa aeeiaoiii?oo a n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo
?ineeiao oa a?oio? i?iaiaeeeinue ca io?oe?eii caoaa?aeaeaieie
iaoiaeeeaie ?ic?iaeaieie oa iiaeeo?eiaaieie a eaai?aoi??? aiae?oe/ii?
o?i?? ianoeoeeae?a.

A aeine?aeaeaiiyo aeei?enoiaoaaee i?eeaaee aaci??aeeiii? o?iiaoia?ao??
(o?iiaoia?aoe «Oeaao-106″, Perkin-Elmer»), oiieioa?iai? o?iiaoia?ao?? ?
aieueoaiia?iiao??? (iiey?ia?ao IIO-1). ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue
ia?iaeai? iaoiaeaie iaoaiaoe/ii? noaoenoeee.

2.2 Iaoiaee aiae?co aaoa?ioeeee?/ieo ianoeoeeae?a

Iii?oi?eia aaoa?ioeeee?/ieo ianoeoeeae?a i?iaiaeeoueny ca noaiith:
a?aea?? oa caa??aaiiy c?ace?a, aeno?aeoe?y ianoeoeeae?a ?c c?aceo, ui
aiae?co?oueny, i/enoea oa eiioeaio?oaaiiy, ye?nia oa e?euee?nia
?aeaioeo?eaoe?y.

A?aea?? oa caa??aaiiy c?ace?a cae?enith?oueny ca oi?o?eiaaieie
i?aaeeaie. Oiiae aeeo/aiiy oa i/enoee caeaaeaoue a?ae iiey?iino?
ianoeoeeaeieo niieoe. Iaoiaeii oiieioa?iai? o?iiaoia?ao?? (OOO)
aecia/aii aeeiieuei? iiiaioe ?yaeo aaoa?ioeeee?/ieo ianoeoeeae?a, ye?
aoee ia’?eoaie aeine?aeaeaiiy (oaaeeoey 1). Ca aaee/eiith aeeiieueieo
iiiaio?a (2,0-5,7Ae) aiie a?aeianai? aei iaeiiiey?ieo ianoeoeeae?a,
aeeeaao c aeeiieueiei iiiaioii a?eueoa 6,0 Ae ? iiey?iith niieoeith.
Iaeiiiey?i? ianoeoeeaee aeno?aaothoue oei?ioi?iii, a?eueo iiey?i?
neaaeeie ?ic/eiaie eeneio, i/enoeo i?iaiaeyoue ia?a?iciiae?eii a nenoai?
aeaio ?ic/eiiee?a, ui ia ci?oothoueny. Iiey?i? ianoeoeeaee aeeo/athoue
neeueieie ?ic/eiaie eeneio c iiaeaeueoith i/enoeith iaoiaeii
?iiiiai?iii? o?iiaoia?ao??.

Iniiaieie iaoiaeaie ye?nii? oa e?euee?nii? ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? ?
o?iiaoia?ao?/i? (oiieioa?iaa oa aaci??aeeiia o?iiaoia?ao??) oa
aieueoaiia?iiao?e/iee (AA) iaoiaee, a oaeiae ?o ii?aeiaiiy, ui aeicaiey?
aiae?coaaoe neeaaei? noi?o? niieoe.

Iao?ieia?/io oa?aeoa?enoeeo aecia/aiiy oaii?ii?ii?oo (i?aia?ao Ei?aaeue)
oa o?i?ii?eo (i?aia?ao ?aaaio) iaoiaeaie OOO, A?O oa AA iaaaaeaii a
oaaeeoe? 2.

?ic?iaeai? a eaai?aoi??? aiae?oe/ii? o?i?? oa caoaa?aeaeai?, ye
io?oe?ei? Aea?aeo?ieii?n??th iaoiaeeee aecia/aiiy i?aia?ao?a iiiaeaiiai
ani?oeiaioo: Ei?aaeth, ?aaeiio, ?aaaioo, Aaeeaoiio, Oeeoo oa
iiaeeo?eiaaieie: Ae?iaaoo-OII oa A?ioeeoo aoei aeei?enoaii aeey
i?iaaaeaiiy iii?oi?eiao aaoa?ioeeee?/ieo ianoeoeeae?a a aa?iaeinenoaiao.

3. Aeeiai?ea aeaoieneeaoe?? ianoeoeeae?a a n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo
eoeueoo?ao

I?iaaaeai? a aaaaoaoe?eieo, i?eeiae?eyieiaeo oa iieueiaeo oiiaao
aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui ?iciaae ianoeoeeae?a a ia’?eoao
aa?iaeinenoai a?aeaoaa?oueny ca aeniiiaioe?eiith iiaeaeeth. Aeey oe???
iiaeae? oa?aeoa?ia caeaaei?noue Nt = C0 e-kt (1), aea Nt ? C0 —
cia/aiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? ianoeoeeaeo a ii/aoeiaee ? t- ia??iae /ano, k —
eiinoaioa oaeaeeino? i?ioeano. Iniaeea?noue aeniiiaioe?eii? iiaeae? a
oiio, ui i?e ??cieoe? aaniethoieo oaeaeeinoae a ??ci? iiiaioe /ano,
a?aeiinia oaeaee?noue ? aaee/eiith iino?eiith, iacaeaaeiith a?ae

Oaaeeoey 1 — Iiey?i?noue aaoa?ioeeee?/ieo ianoeoeeae?a oa aaee/eia Rf a
?ooii?e oac? aaenai-aoeaoii a ni?aa?aeiioaii? 1:1

I?aia?ao

(i?ecia/aiiy)Ae?th/a ?a/iaeia

(iiey?i?noue)Rfm, AeAaeeaoii (o)o?eaaeeiaoii (i)0,622,03Aaiii?e
(o)aaiii?e (i)0,582,65O?eo (o)i?ii?eiiacie (i)0,540,502,72

2,74Oie?eo? (o)oaaoeiiacie (i)0,512,88Ei?aaeue (o)oaii?ii?ii?o
(i)0,592,92?aaaio (?i)o?i?ii?e (i)0,603,10?iiaeo (o)oeoo?eaoie
(i)0,464,70Ae?iaao (o)aeeiaoiii?o (i)0,464,70Oaeoi (o)o?aaaiaeacie
(i)0,205,10Aea?icae (i, o)ea?aaiaeacei (i)0,135,77?aaeii (ae)aeeeaao
(i)0,00>6,00I?ei?oea: o — ooia?oeeae, ?i — ?inaeoeoeeae, ae —
aeaoie?aio,

i — iaiiey?iee (m=0-2Ae), i — iaeiiiey?iee (m=2-6
Ae), i — iiey?iee (m>6 Ae)

Oaaeeoey 2 — Iao?ieia?/ia oa?aeoa?enoeea aecia/aiiy oaii?ii?ii?oo ?
o?i?ii?eo a ?ineeiao iceii? ioaieoe? oa a?oio?.

IaoiaeI?i?iaeueia cia/aiiy aecia/aiiy, ia/eaNa?aaei? cia/aiiy
aecia/aiiy, %Noaiaea?oia a?aeoeeaiiy, %A?aeiinia noaiaea?oia
a?aeoeeaiiy, %Aeia??/ee ?ioa?aae +% i?e n=5 P=0,95

oaii?ii?ii?oOOO0,05

0,0575,0

79,07,5

6,49,3

7,512,4

9,2A?O0,005

0,00178,2

83,73,3

3,64,3

5,25,0

6,0AA0,01

0,00580,0

85,04,9

5,92,5

6,86,1

8,4o?i?ii?eOOO0,05

0,0585,0

92,05,4

4,85,8

4,76,2

5,0A?O0,002

0,00596,0

80,22,5

6,82,4

7,22,85

7,03*- a /enaeueieeo cia/aiiy a ?ineeiao; a ciaiaiieeo — a a?oio?

/ano. ?ic?aoiaaiee ca oe??th iiaeaeeth ia??iae iai?a?iciaaeo O50 oaae ia
caeaaeeoue a?ae /ano. Ia??iae iai?a?iciaaeo ?ic?aoiao?oueny ca
oi?ioeith:

0,693

T50 = ———
(2)

k

?acoeueoaoe aaaaoi??/iiai aea/aiiy aeeiai?ee ?iciaaeo ianoeoeeae?a
iieacaee, ui eiinoaioa oaeaeeino? ?iciaaeo ianoeoeeae?a ?ic?aoiaaia ca
aeniiiaioe?eiith iiaeaeeth iaea?eueo aeinoia??ii a?aeiia?aea? i?ioeanai
aeaoieneeaoe?? ianoeoeeae?a a n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo ?ineeiao oa
a?oio? (?en.1).

Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui iaeiei c iniiaieo
oaeoi??a, ye? aieeaathoue ia oaeaee?noue aeaoieneeaoe??, ? iiey?i?noue
iieaeoee: aeecuee? ca iiey?i?noth ianoeoeeaee O?eo (i?ii?eiiacie, m=2,72
Ae) ? Ei?aaeue (oaii?ii?ii?o, m=2,92 Ae) a ?ineeiao iceii? ioaieoe?
iathoue i?aeoe/ii iaeiaeiao eiinoaioo oaeaeeino? aeaoieneeaoe?? 0,19 ?
0,20 /anoei ca aeiao a?aeiia?aeii.

??cia ?ioaineai?noue ?iciaaeo O?eoo ? Aaeeaoiio (o?eaaeeiaoii, m=2,03
Ae) iiynith?oueny ?o ??ciith iiey?i?noth (?en.2).

A ?ineeiao iceii? ioaieoe? ? y?iai y/iaith a e?ninoaiia?e ? noaiia?e
ciiao Oe?a?ie oaeaee?noue ?iceeaaeo ?aaaioo (o?i?ii?eo) i?aeoe/ii
iaeiaeiaa ? noaiiaeoue 0,19-0,20 /anoei ca aeiao, a oie /an ye a
?ineeiao ea?oiie? i?aia?ao ?iciaaea?oueny aaea?/? iia?euei?oa (oaaeeoe?
3,4).

?ioaineai?noue aeaoieneeaoe?? o?i?ii?eo a a?oio? noaiiai? ciie cia/ii
a?eueoa (k =0,09) i?ae a E?ninoaio (k =0,03) i?ioyaii i?nyoey ianoeoeeae
iiai?noth ?iciaaea?oueny a Noaio ? a?ey 3 i?nyoe?a caa??aa?oueny a
e?ninoaiia?e cii?.

Ia ai?no caeeoe?a a o?iaea? aieeaathoue no?iee, ii?ie oa e?aoi?noue
ia?iaie n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo eoeueoo? ianoeoeeaeaie. Oae, i?e
ia?iaoe? iceii? ioaieoe? Ei?aaeai 75% e.a. c ii?iith aeo?ao 1,0 e/aa a
??ci? no?iee aaaaoaoe??: aeo?ae ?ineei a o?oaeo, oace iiei/ii? ?
iiei/ii-aineiai? noeaeino? — caeeoee a o?iaea? a?aei?/athoueny eeoa i?e
ia?iaoe? o oaco iiei/ii-aineiai? noeaeino? (oaaeeoey 5). Aeaie?aoia
ia?iaea ?ineei ea?oiie? ?aaaioii 25, 2,5% e.a. c ii?iith aeo?ao 0,06
e/aa i?iaeiaaeo? oiene/io ae?th i?aia?aoo aei 26-28 ae?a.

I?e iaeiaeiaeo ii?iao aeo?ao oa e?aoiino? ia?iaie Ae?iaao (aeeiaoiii?o)
oaeaeoa ?iciaaea?oueny a ia??eao i?ae a oiiaoao, ui iaiao?aeii
a?aoiaoaaoe i?e ?ic?iaoe? ?aaeaiaio?a canoinoaaiiy.

Oaeei /eiii, eiinoaioa oaeaeeino? ?iciaaeo oa ia??iae iai?a?iciaaeo ?
iieacieeaie ?ioaineaiino? i?ioeano aeaoieneeaoe?? ianoeoeeae?a, ye?
caeaaeaoue a?ae ?o o?ceei-o?i?/ieo aeanoeainoae, aeanoeainoae ia’?eo?a
iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua oa a?oioiai-ee?iaoe/ieo oiia (oaaeeoey 6).

brdrr010009000003ac05000007001000000000000500000009020000000005000000010
2ffffff000400000004010d000400000002010200050000000c0287017b02030000001e0
0040000002701ffff030000001e00040000002701ffff050000000b02000000000300000
01e00050000000102ffffff000500000009020000000010000000fb02f0ff00000000000
09001000000cc00000022417269616c00cc00040000002d010000040000002d010000040
000002d010000040000002d010000040000002d010000040000002d010000040000002d0
1000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d00cc040
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fff000500000009020000000007000000160487017b0200000000040000002d010100040
000002701ffff030000001e00040000002d010000050000000102ffffff0005000000090
20000000007000000160487017b0200000000040000002d010100040000002701ffff030
000001e00040000002d010000050000000102ffffff00050000000902000000000700000
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02d010000050000000102ffffff00050000000902000000000700000016043e017702110
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13c0168013c01680116010e00000024030500a1011e01b9011e01b9013c01a1013c01a10
11e010e00000024030500db012401f2012401f2013c01db013c01db0124010e000000240
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23c0171000500000014024101ab000500000013023c01ab000500000014024101e400050
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157010500000013023c015701050000001402410190010500000013023c0190010500000
014024101ca010500000013023c01ca01050000001402410103020500000013023c01030
205000000140241013d020500000013023c013d020500000014024101760205000000130
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f030000001e00040000002d010000040000002d010300040000002d01060005000000010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?en.1. Aeeiai?ea aeaoieneeaoe?? oaii?ii?ii?oo a ?ineeiao iceii? ioaieoe?
(Ni?o Iie?nueea-87, aaaaoaoe?eiee aeine?ae).
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333333399999999cccccccc666666663333333399999999cccccc040000002d010700040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ccc666666663333333399999999cccccc040000002d010700040000002d0107000900000
01d062100f0002c00120003019701040000002d010700050000000902010000000500000
0010201000000040000002d01060004000000f0010700040000002d010300040000002d0
1040004000000070101000800000026060f000600ffffffff010007000000fc020100000
000008020040000002d0107000e0000002403050097010301a9010301a9012f0197012f0
197010301040000002d01040004000000f00107000800000026060f000600ffffffff000
0040000002d010500040000002d010600040000000701040005000000010200000000050
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0000020000000c40e0000c40e00000200000002000000ffffff0000000000cc666666663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?en.2. Aeeiai?ea aeaoieneeaoe?? o?eaaeeiaoiio ? i?ii?eiiacieo a ?ineeiao
iceii? ioaieoe?.(Ni?o Iie?nueea 70, i. a. 0,5 e/aa, 25 % e. a.),
ae?eyieiaee aeine?ae.

Oaaeeoey 3 — Aeeiai?ea ai?noo o?i?ii?eo (?aaaio 300) a ca?iiaeo
eoeueoo?ao(1997-1998 ??.)

Ia’?eoIi?ie

aeo?ao,

e/aaAeyaeaii ii aeiyi i?ney ia?iaee,

ia/ea037142128 O?iaeaeEe?anueea iaeanoueIceia ioaieoey

(?ineeie)

ia?iaea 10.06.970,07

0,08

0,100,460

0,500

0,8000,300

0,320

0,4700,100

0,110

0,1500,017

0,020

0,0270,006

0,008

0,0100,002

0,003

0,004I

I

IA?oio – n??ee ii?aecieaiee0,07

0,08

0,100,040

0,050

0,0780,035

0,047

0,0700,030

0,040

0,0600,021

0,032

0,0500,017

0,025

0,0420,014

0,021

0,036I

I

Iss?ee y/i?iue

(?ineeie)

ia?iaea 12.06.970,075

0,090,300

0,4700,160

0,3100,091

0,1300,020

0,0350,005

0,0090,002

0,003I

IA?oio – n??ee
ii?aecieaiee0,0750,0400,0370,0340,0250,0100,002I0,090,0710,0650,0600,052
0,0200,005IIeeiea?anueea iaeanouess?ee y/i?iue

(?ineeie)

ia?iaea 21.05.970,075

0,09

0,240

0,4100,110

0,2000,070

0,1200,010

0,0160,004

0,007I

0,002I

IA?oio — /i?iicai
0,0750,0300,0200,0150,0080,0050,001Ii?aaeaiiee0,090,0510,0400,0300,0130,
0070,004I

I?ei?oea: I — ia aeyaeaii

9

Oaaeeoey 4- Aeeiai?ea ai?noo oa eiinoaioa oaeaeeino? aeaoieneeaoe??
o?i?ii?eo a ea?oiie? oa a?oio?.

(1997-1998 ??., ni?o Eoaianueea)

Ii?ia aeo?aoAeyaeaii ia/ea ia ………aeiao i?ney ia?iaeeOa?aeoa?enoeea
c?aceoii i?ai., ea/aa, ea/eii ae.a.,

a/aa

1

3

7

14

21

28

O?iaeaek,

aeiaa-1Ae?iaie/? iin?ae?aaaio 300, 30% e.a.

Ea?oiiey

0,40

12,0

0,20

0,16

0,11

0,05

0,03

0,012

i

i

0,100,05

15,0

0,25

0,20

0,13

0,06

0,03

0,015

0,001—

i0,100,06

18,0

0,40

0,33

0,20

0,08

0,05

0,02

0,001—

i0,10A?oio0,0618,00,010,020,040,030,020,01i0,06?aaaio 80, 0% a.?.
(aoaeii)0,025

20,0

0,35

0,30

0,20

0,09

0,05

0,02

0,0013/4

i

0,10I?eeiae?eyieia? aeine?aee?aaaio 25, 25% e.a.

Ea?oiiey

0,5

12,5

0,20

0,17

0,12

0,05

0,02

0,010

i3/4

i

0,100,6

15,0

0,22

0,20

0,15

0,06

0,03

0,015

i3/4

i0,100,8

20,0

0,35

0,30

0,25

0,12

0,06

0,010

0,0013/4

i0,06A?oio0,820,00,020,050,040,030,020,01i0,06Aeaoeen 2,5% e.a.
(aoaeii)0,2

5,0

0,14

0,12

0,080,04

0,02

0,01

i3/4

i0,09 I?ei?oea: i — ia aeyaeaii ( caeaia iana iaioa 0,002
ia/ea, aoeueae iaioa 0,001 ia/ea ? a?oio — 0,005 ia/ea), a /enaeueieeo
— a ?ineeiao, a ciaiaiieeo — a aoeueaao.

15

Oaaeeoey 5 — Aeeiai?ea aeaoieneeaoe?? oaii?ii?ii?oo a ?ineeiao iceii?
ioaieoe? ni?oo Iie?nueea 87 (o/aini Aaeeeini?oeinueeee Oano?anueeiai
?aeiio Ee?anueei? iaeano?, ii?ia aeo?aoe – 1,0 e/aa Ei?aaeth, 75% e.a.)

Oa?aeoa?enoeea c?aceo Aeyaeaii, ia/ea8.0711.0714.0720.07O?iaeae,
26.07*Oaca aeoiaeo a o?oaeo Ia?iaea 31.05

Noaaea

Eieinee

i

i

i

i

i

i

i

i

i

iOaca oi?ioaaiiy ca?ia – iiei/ii? noeaeino?.

Ia?iaea 27.06Noaaea 1,20,70,40,2iEieinee2,01,10,60,3iOaca
iiei/ii-aineiai? noeaeino?. Ia?iaea 7.07

Noaaea3,31,81,00,40,2Eieinee6,33,52,00,70,5I?ei?oea: * — a o?iaea?
nieiia ? ca?ii; i – ia aeyaeaii ia iaae? aecia/aiiy (0,01 ia/ea)
iaoiaeaie oiieioa?iai? ? aaci??aeeiii? o?iiaoia?ao??.

Oaaeeoey 6 — Oaeaee?noue aeaoieneeaoe?? o?i?ii?eo a ?ineeiao iceii?
ioaieoe?, y?iai y/iaith oa a?oio? i?e canoinoaaii? ??cieo ii?i
?aaaioo-300 (30% e.a,) a oaco eiein?iiy-ii/aoie oea?o?iiy.

Ia’?eoI.a., e/aak, aeiaa-1O50, ae?aO95, ae?aO?iaeae*

Ciaeaeaii, ia/eaE?ninoaiIceia ioaieoey

Iie?nueea-900,07

0,08

0,100,198

0,192

0,1903,5

3,6

3,615,1

15,6

15,8I/0,000023

I/0,000035

I/0,000059 A?oio, 0-10 ni0,07

0,08

0,100,038

0,030

0,02818,2

23,1

24,778,8

99,9

107,00,005/0,005

0,008/0,010

0,015/0,019ss?ee y/i?iue

?ieaiae0,075

0,0900,194

0,1883,5

3,715,4

15,9I/0,000018

I/0,000038A?oio, 0-10 ni0,075

0,0900,028

0,02724,7

25,6107,0

111,00,005/0,009

0,006/0,018Noaiss?ee y/i?iue

I?a??y0,075

0,0900,208

0,2013,3

3,414,4

14,9I/0,000017

I/0,000017A?oio, 0-100,075

0,0900,089

0,0857,8

8,133,7

35,2I/0,00035

I/0,00071*- 50-oa aeiaa i?ney iai?eneoaaiiy, a /enaeueieeo —
aenia?eiaioaeuei? cia/aiiy, a ciaiaiieeo-?ic?aooieia? ca eiinoaioith
oaeaeeino? ?iciaaeo. I — ia aeyaeaii ia ??ai? /ooeeaino? iaoiaeo (iaaea
aecia/aiiy a ?ineeiao -0,002 ia/ea, a ca?i? — 0,001 ia/ea, a a?oio?
-0.005ia/ea).

4. Aeioieneeieia?/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy canoinoaaiiy aaoa?ioeeee?/ieo
ianoeoeeae?a a Oe?a?i?

Aeey iioei?caoe?? ani?oeiaioo ianoeoeeae?a c o?aooaaiiyi a?aeaa?iaiiy ?o
i?neyae?? ia iaaeieeoi? na?aaeiaeua ? ethaeeio cae?eniththoueny ni?iae
e?euee?nii ioe?ieoe ?o aeioieneeieia?/io iaaaciaeo.

?ic?iaeaia a ?inoeooo? caoenoo ?ineei (A.I.Aaneeue?a, A.I.Eaaaoeueeee,
E.?.Aoaeee) eeaneo?eaoe?y a?aoiao? ye oieneeieiai-a?a??i?/iee (Ea) oae ?
aeioieneeieia?/i? (Ea) oa?aeoa?enoeee iaaaciaee canoinoaaiiy
ianoeoeeae?a.

Aeioieneeieia?/ia eeaneo?eaoe?y aaco?oueny ia a?aooaaii? aeanoeainoae
ianoeoeeae?a ca iieacieeaie, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue ?o ae?th ia a?ioo.
Aieiaiei e?euee?niei e?eoa???i ??aiy iaaaciaee ? no?ee?noue i?aia?ao?a a
ia’?eoao iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua, yea ioe?ith?oueny ia??iaeii
iai?a?iceeaaeo — O50. A?aoiaoth/e ?nioth/? eeaneo?eaoe??, ianoeoeeaee ca
aeanoeainoyie iiaeia ?icae?eeoe ia aea? eaoaai???: EA — ia?aaaaeii
oa?aeoa?eco? iaaaciaeo ianoeoeeaeo aeey ethaeeie ca oiene/iith ae??th ?
ca a?aeaeaeaieie iane?aeeaie; EA — a?aoiao? i?ei?eoaoia cia/aiiy
aeanoeainoae, ye? iaoiiaeththoue iaaaoeaio ae?th ia i?e?iaeio oaoio
aeinenoaie a oe?eiio. A eiaei?e eaoaai??? ia?aaeaa/a?oueny ae?eaiiy
i?aia?ao?a ia eeane: ? — iniaeeai iaaacia/i?, ?? — iaaacia/i?, ??? —
iii??ii iaaacia/i?, ?V — iaei iaaacia/i?.

?ioaa?aeueio eeaneo?eaoe?th ianoeoeeae?a ia iniia? eaoaai??e A ? A
iiaeia i?aaenoaaeoe oeaeith ?c naie nooiai?a iaaaciaee, ye? aecia/athoue
ca?aeii ??aiyiith: Ni = (EA + EA) — 1, aea Ni — nooiai? iaaaciaee
ianoeoeeae?a; EA ? EA — eeane iaaaciaee ii eaoaai??yo A ? A.

Aeine?aeaeoaai? aaoa?ioeeee?/i? ianoeoeeaee iathoue 4 ? 5 nooiai?
iaaaciaee, ui aeicaiey? a?aeianoe ?o aei iii??ii iaaacia/ieo
ianoeoeeae?a. Oaeei /eiii, canoiniaai? a iioeiaeuei? no?iee
aaoa?ioeeee?/i? ianoeoeeaee c iecueeeie ii?iaie aeo?aoe ?
iaeiiaaacia/iei i?eeiiii ye aeey ethaeeie, oae ? aeey a?ioe a oe?eiio.

Aeniiaee

1. Aeiaaaeaii, ui aaoa?ioeeee?/i? ianoeoeeaee ca nai?th aoaeiaith
iiae?ai? aei i?e?iaeieo niieoe, oiio iii?oi?eia a ia’?eoao aa?iaeinenoai
? iaiao?aeiith oiiaith ?o aacia/iiai canoinoaaiiy.

2. O?ceei-o?i?/i? aeanoeaino? aaoa?ioeeee?/ieo ianoeoeeae?a caeaaeaoue
a?ae ?o iiey?iino?. Iaoiaeii oiieioa?iai? o?iiaoia?ao?? aecia/aii
aeeiieuei? iiiaioe ?yaeo ooia?oeeae?a, ?inaeoeoeeaeo o?i?ii?eo oa
aeaneeaioo aeeeaaoo. Ca aaee/eiith aeeiieueieo iiiaio?a (2,0-5,7Ae) aiie
a?aeianai? aei iaeiiiey?ieo ianoeoeeae?a, aeeeaao c aeeiieueiei iiiaioii
a?eueoa 6,0Ae ? iiey?iith niieoeith.

3. Aeei?enoiaoth/e oai??th i?aeiieaeoey?ii? aca?iiae?? aea?aii
iioeiaeuei? oiiae aecia/aiiy aaoa?ioeeee?/ieo ianoeoeeae?a
o?iiaoia?ao?/ieie oa aieueoaiia?iiao?e/ieie iaoiaeaie. Iaeiiiey?i?
ianoeoeeaee aeno?aaothoue oei?ioi?iii, a?eueo iiey?i? neaaeeie ?ic/eiaie
eeneio, i/enoeo i?iaiaeyoue ia?a?iciiae?eii a nenoai? aeaio
?ic/eiiee?a, ui ia ci?oothoueny. Iiey?i? ianoeoeeaee aeeo/athoue
neeueieie ?ic/eiaie eeneio c iiaeaeueoith i/enoeith iaoiaeii
?iiiiai?iii? o?iiaoia?ao??.

4. ?ic?iaeai? ? caoaa?aeaeai? Aea?aeo?ieii?n??th ye io?oe?ei? iaoiaeeee
aecia/aiiy: ?aaeiio, Ei?aaeth, Aaiii?eo ? AIE, ?aaaioo, noi?o? Iaoaoino,
Aaeeaoiio ? O?eoo, Iiiieoo ? Noi?eaeno a ?ineeiao, a?oio? ? aiae?;
?ic?iaeai? iaoiaeeee aecia/aiiy eiiieaenieo i?aia?ao?a A?ioeeoo,
Ae?iaaoo-OII. Caoaa?aeaeai? io?oe?eii iaoiaeeee aeei?enoiaothoueny
eiio?ieueii-oieneeieia?/ieie eaai?aoi??yie I?iAIE, naiai?aeai?ieia?/ieie
noaioe?yie IIC, aaoa?eia?ieie neoaeaaie i?e eiio?ie? yeino?
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? i?iaeoeoe??.

5. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie iii?oi?eiao aaoa?ioeeee?/ieo ianoeoeeae?a a ?ineeiao
oa a?oio? a ??cieo a?oioiai-ee?iaoe/ieo ciiao Oe?a?ie anoaiiaeaii, ui
?iciaae ianoeoeeae?a a?aeaoaa?oueny ca aeniiiaioe?eiith iiaeaeeth.
?ic?aoiaai? eiinoaioe oaeaeeino? ?iciaaeo (k) oa ia??iaee iai?a?iciaaeo
(O50) a ca?iiaeo eoeueoo?ao: oaii?ii?ii?oo (k — 0,20, O50 -3,5),
o?eaaeeiaoiio (k — 0,36, O50 -2,0), i?ii?eiiacieo (k — 0,19, O50 -3,6),
o?i?ii?eo (k — 0,19, O50 -3,6); a iai/aaeo eoeueoo?ao: aeeiaoiii?oo a
oiiaoao (k — 0,04, O50 -15,0), ea?oiie? (k — 0,06, O50 -11,0), ia??eao
(k — 0,09, O50 -7,0), o?i?ii?eo a ea?oiie? (k — 0,10 /anoei ca aeiao,
O50 -6,4 ae?a).

6. Oaeaee?noue ?iciaaeo ianoeoeeae?a caeaaeeoue a?ae ?o o?ceei-o?i?/ieo
aeanoeainoae, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoueny iiey?i?noth ca aaee/eiith
aeeiieueieo iiiaio?a; a ?ineeiao iceii? ioaieoe? aeecuee? ca aaee/eiith
aeeiieueiiai iiiaioo ooia?oeeaee oaii?ii?ii?o (? = 2,92 Ae) ?
i?ii?eiiacie (? = 2,74 Ae) iathoue i?aeoe/ii iaeiaeiao oaeaee?noue
aeaoieneeaoe?? 0,20 ? 0,19 /anoei ca aeiao a?aeiia?aeii. Oaeaee?noue
aeaoieneeaoe?? iaio iiey?iiai o?eaaeeiaoiio (?=2,0 Ae) iaeaea aaea?/?
a?eueoa, i?ae i?ii?eiiacieo (? = 2,74 Ae) ? aei??aith? a?aeiia?aeii 0,36
? 0,19 /anoei ca aeiao.

7. I?e canoinoaaii? o?i?ii?eo c ii?iith aeo?aoe 21-27 a/aa aeey caoenoo
iceii? ioaieoe? oa y?iai y/iaith a?ae eiiieaeno oe?aeiee?a a
e?ninoaiia?e ? noaiia?e ciiao Oe?a?ie a o?iaea? caeeoe?a ianoeoeeaeo ia
aeyaeaii. Oaeaee?noue eiai aeaoieneeaoe?? a oeeo eoeueoo?ao i?aeoe/ii
iaeiaeiaa (0,19-0,20 aeiaa-1). A a?oio? e?ninoaiiai? ciie (n???
ii?aecieai? a?oioe ?I 6,8 c ai?noii aoiono 2,2%; ?cii -0,50, AOE- 1,2)
oaeaee?noue aeaoieneeaoe?? o?i?ii?eo ao?e/? iaioa (k- 0,03), i?ae a
Noaio Oe?a?ie (/i?iicai i?aaeaiiee iaeiaoioniee ?I 7,0, ai?no aoiono
3,2%; ?cii -0,55, AOE- 0,7-0,8) (k-0,09). Iaeiae ia e?iaoeue
aaaaoaoe?eiiai ia??iaeo caeeoe?a o?i?ii?eo a a?oio? a iaio ciiao oaeiae
ia aeyaeaii.

8. Oaeaee?noue aeaoieneeaoe?? ianoeoeeae?a caeaaeeoue a?ae
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo eoeueoo?: i?e canoinoaaii? iaeiaeiaeo ii?i
aeo?ao ? e?aoiino? ia?iaie oaeaee?noue aeaoieneeaoe?? aeeiaooii?oo a
ia??eao aaea?/? a?eueoa, i?ae a oiiaoao ? noaiiaeoue 0,09 ? 0,04 /anoei
ca aeiao, a O50 – 7,0 ? 15,0 ae?a a?aeiia?aeii.

9. Ca ?ioaa?aeueiith eeaneo?eaoe??th aecia/aii nooi?iue iaaaciaee
canoinoaaiiy aaoa?ioeeee?/ieo ianoeoeeae?a, yea noaiiaeoue 4-5 (ca 7-e
aaeueiith oeaeith), ui a?aeiineoue ?o aei iii??ii iaaacia/ieo niieoe.
Canoinoaaiiy aaoa?ioeeee?/ieo ianoeoeeae?a, ye? aoaeoeai? c iaeeie
ii?iaie aeo?ao oa iaeioiene/i? aeey a?ioe, ? iaeiei c i?eeii?a
?aoe?iiaeueiiai aeei?enoaiiy o?i?/iiai caoenoo ?ineei.

Ioae?eaoe?? ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue

1.Aiae???iei A.A. Iaoiaee iii?oi?eiao aaoa?ioeeee?/ieo ianoeoeeae?a a
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo ?ineeiao oa a?oio? // Caoeno ?ineei. — 1999.-?
4.-N.17-18 (Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a — 100%. I?iaaaeaiiy
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue, io?eiaiiy ?acoeueoao?a, ?o
iaa?oiooaaiiy.).

2.Aoaeee E.?., Aiae???iei A.A., Oae?oia I.A. Aeioieneeieia?/ia
iaa?oiooaaiiy canoinoaaiiy o?i?ii?eo aeey caoenoo ea?oiie? a?ae
eiei?aaenueeiai aeoea //Caoeno ?ineei.-1999.-?3.-N.17-18 (Iniaenoee
aianie caeiaoaa/a — 60%. I?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue,
iaa?oiooaaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aenia?eiaioo.).

3.Aoaeee E.?., Aiae???iei A.A. Ia?niaeoeai?noue canoinoaaiiy Iiiieoo
aeey caoenoo n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo eoeueoo? a?ae oe?aeiee?a //
Caoeno ?ineei.-1998.-? 11.-N. 18-19 (Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a — 70%.
I?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue, ?ic?iaea iaoiaeo.).

4.Eaaaoeeee A.I., Aiae?eaiei A.A. Aieueoaiia?iia?e/aneia ii?aaeaeaiea
acioniaea?aeaueo aaoa?ioeeeee/aneeo ianoeoeeaeia a ?anoaieyo ii/aa e
aiaea i?e?iaeieo aiaeiaiia // AEo?iae aiaeeoe/aneie
oeiee.-1986.-O.O?I.-? 1.-N.168-170 (Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a — 50%.
Oai?aoe/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy oa i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue.).

5.Eaaaoeeee A.I., Aiae?eaiei A.A. Ii?aaeaeaiea ?aaeiia a naiaiao
iiaenieia/ieea // Oeceieiaey e aeioeiey eoeueoo?iuo
?anoaiee.-1982.-O.14.-? 1.-N.89-91 (Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a — 50%.
I?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue oa ?o iaa?oiooaaiiy.).

6.Aiae???iei A.A. Aiae?c aaoa?ioeeee?/ieo ianoeoeeae?a a ia’?eoao
aa?iaeinenoaie // Noaeee ?icaeoie aa?iaeieia?/ieo nenoai a oiiaao
iaiaaeaiiai ?ano?niiai caaacia/aiiy: Iaoa??aee iaoe.- iaoiaee/ii?
eiioa?aioe?? 26-29 aeiaoiy, Ee?a, 1998.-N.143-145 (Iniaenoee aianie
caeiaoaa/a — 100%. I?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue,
io?eiaiiy ?acoeueoao?a, ?o iaa?oiooaaiiy.).

7.Aiae?eaiei A.A., Eaniaay A.A., *a?aeia A.Ae. Aiaeec niane iaoaoina,
?iai?a, aaeeaoiia e oeeoa a iauaeoao ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu // Oace aeiiia.
iaoe.- oaoi. eiio. «Aeooaeueiua aii?inu io?aiu ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu io
aio?iiiaaiiiai aicaeaenoaey «.-Naaanoiiieue.-1990.-N. 237 (Iniaenoee
aianie caeiaoaa/a — 40%. I?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue.
Oai?aoe/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.).

8.Eaaaoeeee A.I., Ei/aoeiaa I.A., Aiae?eaiei A.A. Ia?niaeoeau
aieueoaiia?iiao?ee a aiaeeca ianoeoeeaeia // Neiiiceoi «Aeaa?aaeaoeey
ianoeoeeaeia i?e eiiieaeniie caueoa naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo eoeueoo? io
a?aaeieo i?aaieciia». Oace aeiiia.-Eaieia?aae.-1990.-N. 109-111
(Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a — 40%. I?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue.).

9.Eaaaoeeee A.I., Aiae?eaiei A.A. Eiio?ieue ca niaea?aeaieai
acioniaea?aeaueo ooiaeoeeaeia a iauaeoao ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu // Oace
aeiiia. iaoe.- oaoi. eiio. «Aeooaeueiua aii?inu io?aie ie?oaeathuae
n?aaeu io aio?iiiaaiiiai aicaeaenoaey «.-Naaanoiiieue.-1989.-N. 123
(Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a — 50%. I?iaaaeaiiy oa iaa?oiooaaiiy
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue.).

10.Eaaaoeeee A.I., Aiae?eaiei A. A. Ii?aaeaeaiea aaiiieea e AIE
iiey?ia?aoe/aneei iaoiaeii ia a?aoeoiaii yeaeo?iaea // V Ananithciay
eiio. ii aiaeeo. oeiee i?a. niaae.: Oac. aeiee.-Iineaa.-1989.-N.104-105.
(Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a — 50%. I?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue, ?ic?iaea iaoiaeeee.).

11.Eaaaoeeee A.I., Aoaeee E.E., Aiae?eaiei A.A. O?iiaoiiiey?ia?aoe/aneee
iaoiae ii?aaeaeaiey ianoeoeeaeia a iauaeoao ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu //
Iaoiaeu aiaeeca iauaeoia ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu:Oac. aeiee. Ananithciie
eiio., Iineaa, 1983.-N. 258 (Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a — 40%.
I?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue. Oai?aoe/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy
iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a).

12.Eaaaoeeee A.I., Aiae?eaiei A.A. Iaoiaee/aneea oeacaiey ii
ii?aaeaeaieth ei?aaey a aiaea, ii/aa e ?anoaieyo ioaieoeu iaoiaeii ONO /
Iaoiaeu ii?aaeaeaiey ianoeoeeaeia a i?iaeoeoao ieoaiey , ei?iao e
aiaoiae n?aaea. I.: AI Aa?ii?iiecaeao.-1992.-O.2.-N.531-536 (Iniaenoee
aianie caeiaoaa/a — 50%. I?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue,
?ic?iaea iaoiaeeee.).

13.Eaaaoeeee A.I., Aiae?eaiei A.A., Eaniaay A.A. Iaoiaee/aneea oeacaiey
ii ii?aaeaeaieth niane iaoaoina, aaeeaoiia e oeeoa a ?anoaieyo ioaieoeu
iaoiaeii oiieineieiie o?iiaoia?aoee // Iaoiaee/aneea oeacaiey ii
ii?aaeaeaieth iee?ieiee/anoa ianoeoeeaeia a i?iaeoeoao ieoaiey , ei?iao
e aiaoiae n?aaea. Na.-1995.-? 19.-*.1.-N.49-53 (Iniaenoee aianie
caeiaoaa/a — 40%. I?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue, ?ic?iaea iaoiaeeee.).

14.Eaaaoeeee A.I., Aiae?eaiei A.A. Iaoiaee/aneea oeacaiey ii
ii?aaeaeaieth aeeeaaoa a naiaiao iiaenieia/ieea. – I.: AI
«Aa?ii?iiecaeao», 1992. — O.2.-N.24-26. (Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a —
50%. I?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue, ?ic?iaea
iaoiaeeee.).

Aiae???iei A.A. Iii?oi?eia aaoa?ioeeee?/ieo ianoeoeeae?a a
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo ?ineeiao. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 03.00.16 — aeieia?y.
— Iaoe?iiaeueiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao, Ee?a, 1999.

I?aeoaa?aeaeaia caeaaei?noue o?ceei-o?i?/ieo aeanoeainoae
aaoa?ioeeee?/ieo ianoeoeeae?a, ye? oe?iei canoiniaothoueny aeey caoenoo
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo ?ineei a?ae oai?ia, oe?aeiee?a ? ao?’yi?a,
a?ae iiey?iino? ?o iieaeoe, oiaoi aaee/eie aeeiieueieo iiiaio?a.
Aecia/aii aeeiieuei? iiiaioe a?oie aaoa?ioeeee?/ieo ianoeoeeae?a
iiiaeaiiai ani?oeiaioo, ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaee ?o aecia/aiiy, aea/aia
aeeiaiiea ai?noo oa anoaiiaeai? iieacieee ?o ?iciaaeo a ?ineeiao oa
a?oio?. Iieacaii, ui iniiaiith oa?aeoa?enoeeith aeaoieneeaoe??
ianoeoeeae?a ? eiinoaioa oaeaeeino? ?iciaaeo. Anoaiiaeaia nooi?iue
iaaaciaee oa aeaia aeioieneeieia?/ia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?o canoinoaaiiy a
??cieo a?oioiai-ee?iaoe/ieo ciiao Oe?a?ie. Aeiaaaeaii, ui aeei?enoaiiy
iii??ii iaaacia/ieo aaoa?ioeeee?/ieo ianoeoeeae?a c iaeeie ii?iaie
aeo?ao ? ?aoe?iiaeueiei i?eeiiii ?o aacia/iiai canoinoaaiiy.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aaoa?ioeeee?/i? ianoeoeeaee, iiey?i?noue,
aeeiai?ea, iii?oi?eia, nooi?iue iaaaciaee.

Aiae?eaiei A.A. Iiieoi?eia aaoa?ioeeeee/aneeo ianoeoeeaeia a
naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo ?anoaieyo.- ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa
naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 03.00.16 —
yeieiaey.-Iaoeeiiaeueiue aa?a?iue oieaaneoao, Eeaa,1999.

Aaoa?ioeeeee/aneea niaaeeiaiey iaeei ec iaeaieaa ?aniino?aiaiiuo eeannia
aeieiae/anee aeoeaiuo aauanoa, ea?athueo cia/eoaeueioth ?ieue a
aeioeie/aneeo i?ioeanao aeeauo i?aaieciia. I?e i?eiaiaiee ianoeoeeaeia
yoiai eeanna iaiaoiaeeii i?iaaaeaiea iiieoi?eiaa eo a iauaeoao
ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu e yeioieneeieiae/aneay ioeaiea iianiinoe eo
i?eiaiaiey.

A 1988-1998 aa. i?iaiaeeeinue eco/aiea oeceei-oeie/aneeo naienoa
aaoa?ioeeeee/aneeo niaaeeiaiee. Enneaaeiaaieyie iiaeoaa?aeaeaia
caaeneiinoue oeceei-oeie/aneeo naienoa aaoa?ioeeeee/aneeo ianoeoeeaeia,
eioi?ua oe?iei i?eiaiythony aeey caueou naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo eoeueoo?
io aieaciae, a?aaeeoaeae e ni?iyeia, io iiey?iinoe eo iieaeoe, oi anoue
aaee/eie aeeiieueiuo iiiaioia. Iaoiaeii ONO ii?aaeaeaiu aeeiieueiua
iiiaiou aaoa?ioeeeee/aneeo ianoeoeeaeia iaiiaeaiiiai anni?oeiaioa.
Onoaiiaeaii, /oi aaoa?ioeeeee/aneea ianoeoeeaeu ioiinyoueny e
iaeiiiey?iui (m=2-6 Ae) e iiey?iui (m>6 Ae) niaaeeiaieyi. Eniieuecoy
aaee/eio aeeiieueiiai iiiaioa, iiaeia?aiu iioeiaeueiua oneiaey
yeno?aeoeee, i/enoee, ea/anoaaiiiai e eiee/anoaaiiiai eo ii?aaeaeaiey
o?iiaoia?aoe/aneeie e aieueoaiia?iiao?e/aneeie iaoiaeaie. Iieacaii, /oi
ni/aoaiea yoeo iaoiaeia ia?niaeoeaii i?e aiaeeca niane ?aciiiiey?iuo
ianoeoeeaeia, ioiinyueony e ?aciei eeannai niaaeeiaiee, iai?eia?, niane
ooiaeoeeaeia nenoaiiiai (aeeiaoiii?o) e eiioaeoiiai (oei?ieneae iaaee)
aeaenoaey.

Eniieuecoy ?ac?aaioaiiua iaoiaeu ii?aaeaeaiey, i?iaaaeai iiieoi?eia
?yaea aaoa?ioeeeee/aneeo ianoeoeeaeia a aa?ioeoioeaiicao ?aciuo
ii/aaiii-eeeiaoe/aneeo cii Oe?aeiu e onoaiiaeaiu iniiaiua oaeoi?u,
aeeythuea ia nei?inoue aeaoieneeaoeee ianoeoeeaeia a
naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo ?anoaieyo.

Onoaiiaeaii, /oi iniiaiie oa?aeoa?enoeeie aeaoieneeaoeee ianoeoeeaeia
yaeyaony eiinoaioa nei?inoe e ia?eiae eo iieo?aniaaea. Iieacaii, /oi
eioaineaiinoue ?aniaaea ianoeoeeaeia a ?anoaieyo auoa, /ai a ii/aa, e
caaeneo io oeceei-oeie/aneeo naienoa ianoeoeeaeia, ia?aaaouaaaiie
eoeueoo?u e ii/aaii-eeeiaoe/aneeo oneiaee Eaninoaie e Noaie Oe?aeiu.

Iaee/ea inoaoeia ianoeoeeaeia a o?iaeaa caaeneo io n?ieia e e?aoiinoe
ia?aaioie.

Aeey ioeaiee yeieiae/aneiai ?enea i?eiaiaiey ianoeoeeaeia eniieuecoaony
eioaa?aeueiay eeanneoeeaoeey, o/eouaathuay eae oieneeieiai-aeaeaie/aneea
(EAe50) oae e yeioieneeieiae/aneea (k, O50) iieacaoaee. Onoaiiaeaii,
/oi enneaaeoaiua aaoa?ioeeeee/aneea ianoeoeeaee ioiinyoueny e oia?aii
iianiei niaaeeiaieyi 4-5 noaiaie iianiinoe ii 7-e aaeueiie oeaea.
Aeieacaii, /oi eniieueciaaiea oia?aiii iianiuo aaoa?ioeeeee/aneeo
ianoeoeeaeia n iaeuie ii?iaie ?anoiaea yaeyaony ?aoeeiiaeueiui i?eaiii
eo aaciianiiai i?eiaiaiey.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aaoa?ioeeeee/aneea ianoeoeeaeu, iiey?iinoue, aeeiaieea,
noaiaiue iianiinoe.

G.G. Andrienko. Monitoring of heterocyclic pesticides in agricultural
plants. — A manuscript.

A thesis for the degree of a Candidate of Agricultural sciences in
Speciality 03.00.16 — Ecology. National Agricultural University of
Ukraine, Kyiv,1999.

A thesis proves the dependence of physico-chemical properties of
heterocyclic pesticides widely used in agriculture for disease pest and
weed control on the polarity of their molecules, that is, the values of
dipolar moments. Dipolar moments were determined for a group of
heterocyclic pesticides of a renovated assortment. Methods were
developed for their determination. Dynamics of their content was
investigated. Indices of their decomposition in soil and plant tissues
were established. In was shown that the constant of decomposition
velocity may serve as a basic detoxication characteristics. Safety
thresholds and ecotoxicity characteristics of their use in various
soil-climatic zones of Ukraine were established is proved that the use
of moderately safe heterocyclic pesticides with low expenditure rates is
an effective and safe practice.

Key words: heterocyclic pesticides, polarity, dynamics, safety degree.

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