2

IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE

?INOEOOO O?CEEE IAI?AI?IA?AeIEE?A

AeIUAIEI AAEEIA AAIAAe??AIA

OAeE 666.221.35.0 01.73

IIAeEO?EAOe?ss NO?OEOO?E OA AEANOEAINOAE

I?AeIIOINOAOIIAI NEEA O IIE? AEAEO?IIAAI?OIIAI AEI?II?ITHAAIIss

05.27.06 — oaoiieia?y, iaeaaeiaiiy oa
ae?iaieoeoai aeaeo?iiii? oaoi?ee

A A O I ? A O A ? A O

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai

nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? a?iiaaee/ii aeaeo?ii?ee Oa?niinueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? o?i?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Iia?eia Ieaenaiae? Ieaenaiae?iae/ Oa?niinueeee
aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e “A?iiaaee/ia
aeaeo?ii?ea”.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? o?i?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

I?i/oe Aieiaeeie? Ieoaeeiae/, Iaoe?iiaeueiee
oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao Oe?a?ie “Ee?anueeee iie?oaoi?/iee ?inoeooo”,
i?ioani?;

aeieoi? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe, n.i.n. Eaioc Ieaenaiae? Ieoaeeiae/
, ?inoeooo o?ceee iai?ai?ia?aeiee?a IAI Oe?a?ie, n.i.n.

I?ia?aeia i?aai?caoe?y: Aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao “Euea?anueea
iie?oaoiiea”, eaoaae?a
“Iaiiai?iaiaeieeiaa aeaeo?iiiea”, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie, i.Eueaia.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 21 “ o?aaiy 1999 ?. i 1415
aiae. ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E.26.199.01 a
?inoeooo? o?ceee iai?ai?ia?aeiee?a IAI Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 252028,
Ee?a, i?iniaeo Iaoee, 45.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Iinoeoooo o?ceee
iai?ai?ia?aeiee?a IAI Oe?a?ie (252028, Ee?a-28, i?iniaeo Iaoee, 45).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ _14_” __eaioiiy____ 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee ?oaeueei A.TH.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. No/anii aeinyaiaiiy aenieeo oaoiieiaie a iioeoei,
iioiaeaeo?iiioei oa iie?iaeaeo?iiioei ia?ic?eaii iia’caii c ?ic?iaeith
iiaeo oa iie?auaiiyi aeanoeainoae aiaeiieo iaoa?iaeia. Iaeiei c
iaoa?iaeia, aiae yeiai caeaaeeoue eiioeaaee ?acoeueoao oaoiieiai/ieo
i?ioeania, ? neei, aeiiae aei ia?aiao?ia yeiai aanue /an c?inoathoue.

A ii?iaiyiii c iioeie eeanaie neea eeniaaa neei iaeaieueo oe?iei
aeei?enoiao?oueny a iie?iaeaeo?iiioei i?e io?eiaiii niaoeiaeueieo
iie?eooia ia iaoaeao oa ea?ai?oei, i?e aeaioiaeaiii aeiaeaeo?e/ieo,
i?iaiaeieeiaeo oa ?acenoeaieo iano aeey oianoiieiaeiaeo aeaiaioia
iie?inoai, i?e niathaaiii neea c iaoaeaie. A aeayeeo aaeocyo
aeaeo?iiiee eeniaaa neei iinoieii caeeoa?oueny iacaiiiiei iaoa?iaeii
(aeaioiaeaiiy eiea ?icieo aeaeo?iaaeooiieo i?eeaaeia).

Aeua ia?aei/aia ia iaiaaeo oe?ieee niaeo? aeei?enoaiiy eeniaaiai neea.
?icaeoie iaeanoae canoinoaaiiy neea noaaeoue i iiai aeiiae aei eiai
aenieoaoaoeieieo oa oaoiieiai/ieo aeanoeainoae, iiooeo neea c iiaeie
oiceei-oiii/ieie aeanoeainoyie. ?ic?iaea iiaeo i?aeoe/ieo neeaaeia neea
o?aaeeoeieii caeienithoueny aiii?e/iei oeyoii, ui iieyaa o iiooeo iiaeo
eiiiiceoeie, aiaeiiaiaeii aei oiia eiai aeei?enoaiiy. Oeae oeyo aia?ai-
oa iaoa?iaeiieee i ia aa?aioo ae?iaai c neea iioeiaeueieo
oiceei-oiii/ieo aeanoeainoae. Ana oea noeioeth? ?ic?iaeo iiaeo
iao?aaeeoeieieo iaoiaeia aieeao ia ia?aiao?e oaoii/iiai neea, a ia?oo
/a?ao ia eiai iae?i- oa iie?ino?oeoo?o.

Na?aae iaeaieueo ia?niaeoeaieo iai?yie?a io?eiaiiy neeiaeaeieo
iaoa??ae?a c i?iaiiciaaieie aeanoeainoyie ? ?ic?iaea oaoiieia?e c
aeei?enoaiiyi ?icieo aeaeia ii?iiiiaiiy. Inoaiiii /anii ii/aee
?icaeaaoeny ?iaioe ii aeine?aeaeaiith aieeao aeaeo?iiaaiioiiai
aei?iiiithaaiiy (AIA) ia neei. I?e oeueiio cianii ia aoei aeineiaeaeaii
aieea ia?aiao?ia AIA ia neei oa neeiae?iae.

Oiio aeineiaeaeaiiy aieeao ia?aiao?ia aeaeo?iiaaiioiiai aei?iiiithaaiiy
ia iiaeeoieaoeith no?oeoo?e neea oa eiai oiceei-oiii/ii aeanoeainoi ?
aeooaeueiith caaea/ath, ui i ia?aaeoiiaeei iinoaiiaeo iaoe oa eiie?aoieo
iai?yieia ?aaeicaoei a aeena?oaoeieiie ?iaioi.

Ca`ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?ei?
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiioaaeeny ca ieaiii iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe
Oa?niinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo a ?aieao
ainiaeiaia??ii? oaie 23/92 c Euea?anueeei ae?iaie/ei ia’?aeiaiiyi
“E?ianeii”.

Iaoa ?iaioe — ?ic?iaea iaoiaeo iiaeeo?eaoe?? no?oeoo?e oa aeanoe-

ainoae iiaeiioinoaoiiai neea i?ae aieeaii aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai aei?i-

i?ithaaiiy iaaeaeniei/anoioiiai aeiaiaciio .

Iniiai? iaoeia? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue.

1. Aeineiaeaeaiiy ciii a no?oeoo?i neea iiae aieeaii aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai
aei?ii?ithaaiiy oa iioeiicaoeiy ?aaeeiia eiai ia?iaee.

2. Anoaiiaeaiiy iaoai?cio iiaeeo?eaoe?? i?e?i- oa iae?ino?oeoo?e
neea oa iioeiaeueieo ia?aiao?ia ii?iiiiaiiy AIA.

3. ?ic?iaea i?iieneiaiai niiniao ciaioaiiy caeeoeiaeo iai?o-aeaiue a
iaoaeineeyieo niayo aeaeo?iiiii?iiaiaaeo i?eeaae?a (AII).

Iaoeiaa iiaecia io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a:

1. Iieacaii, ui aaaaeaiiy o?i?/ii aeoeaiaaiiai eiiiiiaioo
neeiooai?thaa/a o neeaae ne?iaeiii? noi?o? iiaeiioin-

oaoiiai neea i?aeaeuo? iaeii??aei?noue eiai
no?oeoo?e.

2. Anoaiiaeaii, ui a iiaeiioinoaoiiio neei
no?oeoo?ii

ciiie aeeaeiueiai ii?yaeeo oa ciiie aeanoeainoae
neea

caeaaeaoue aiae ia?aiao?ia aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai
aei?ii?ithaaiiy.

3. ?ic?iaeaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue, ui iiynith?
ca`ycie

no?oeoo?e neea c ia?aiao?aie eiai a?eueiiai ia`?io.

4. Anoaiiaeaii, ui ia?iaea iaoaeineeyiiai niath aeaeo?ii-

iii?iiaiaaiai i?eeaaeo iaaeaeniei/anoioiei aeaeo?i-

iaaiioiei aei?iiiithaaiiyi cieaeo? caeeoeiai iai?oaeaiiy.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

Io?eiaii a aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? aenia?eiaioaeueii ?acoeueoaoe, a
naia, aieea aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy ia no?oeoo?o neea oa
eiai o?ceei-iaoai?/i? aeanoeaino?, noaiiaeyoue iniiao
i?iieneiaiai niiniao cieaeaiiy caeeoeiaeo iai?oaeaiue o nee? oa
iaoaeineeyieo niayo aeaeo?iiiii?iiaiaaeo i?eeaaeia ye iiaooiaiai, oae ?
niaoe?aeueiiai i?ecia/aiiy. Ae?iaie/i aei?iaoaaiiy iaoiaeo aoee oniioii
i?iaaaeaii ia ae?iaie/iio ia’aeiaiii “E?ianeii” (i.Euea?a, aeo
aei?iaoaaiue aiae 1995?).

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a a iaea?aeaiiy iaoeiaeo ?acoeueoao?a,
aeeeaaeaieo o aeena?oaoe?? , iieyaa a iinoaiiaoei caaea/ aeineiaeaeaiue
i aeai?o iaoiaeia ?o ae?ioaiiy. A ?iaioao, aeeiiaieo aaoi?ii o
niiaaaoi?noai i aeeth/aieo aei aeena?oaoei, aaoi? aecia/ea ?ieue
o?i?/ii? aeoeaaoe?? aeey iiaeaeuaiiy iaeii??aeiinoi neea [6,7,8],
aeeiiaa oai?aoe/ia iiaeaethaaiiy i?ioeano aieeao ii?iiiiaiiy ia neei,
aeine?aeea aieea aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy ia no?oeoo?o oa
aeanoeainoi neea [1, 3-5, 10-12], noi?ioethaaa iaoaiici caieueoaiiy
iaoaii/ii noieeinoi, ?ic?iaea i?ea?iaeueio eiino?oeoe?th oaoii-eia?/iiai
iniauaiiy aeey cieaeaiiy caeeoeiaeo iai?oaeaiue o nee? oa iaoaeineeyieo
niayo. Aeniiaee ? iieiaeaiiy noi?ioeueiaai? aaoi?ii iniaenoi.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeenue oa iaaiai?thaaeenue ia:
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? aeeeaaea/?a oa neoaeaiaoe?a
Oa?niinueeiai ?iaeono??aeueiiai ?inoeoooo (Oa?nii, 1993); i?aeia?iaei?e
iaoeiai-oaoi?/iie eiioa?aioe?? “Oaoiieia?y oa ye?noue neea”
(Eiinoaioei?aea, 1993); iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? iieiaeeo a/aieo oa
nooaeaio?a, Aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y eaaei? i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie (Ee?a,
1994 ); iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Iaoeiai-oaoi?/iee i?ia?an o
ia?ao?aeiee ia??iae ?icaeoeo Oe?a?ie” Oa?niinueeiai ?iaeono??aeueiiai
?inoeoooo (Oa?nii, 1995); i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe??
(Eiinoaioei?aea, 1995).

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiaiee ci?no ?iaioe ? ocaaaeueiaiiyi iaoeiaiai aei?iaeo
aaoi?a, ?acoeueoaoe yeiai iioae?eiaai? o 5 noaooyo, 2 iaoaioao ? 5 oacao
aeiiia?aeae ia iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c
anooio, /ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e
oa aeiaeaoeo. Iniiaiee ci?no ?iaioe aeeeaaeaii ia 155 noi??ieao
ae?oeiaaiiai oaenoo, ?ethno?iaaiiai 46 ?enoieaie oa 4 oaaeeoeyie.
Nienie e?oa?aoo?e i?noeoue 156 iaeiaioaaiue.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue aeeiiaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy,
eiie?aoeciaai? eiai iniiai? iaoeia? caaaeaiiy, aeeeaaeai? iaoeiaa
iiaecia oa i?aeoe/ia cia/eiinoue io?eiaieo ?acoeueoaoia. A?aecia/aii
iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Iiaeaii ia?ae?e eiioa?aioe?e, ia yeeo
ii?eethaeiaii ?acoeueoaoe iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue aeena?oaioa.

Ia?oee ?icae?e i?noeoue iaeyae e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaieo.

I?eaeieaii cia/io oaaao aiaeiiei oa?aeoa?enoeeai neea oa caeaaeiinoyi
?o aeanoeainoae aiae eiai iie?i- oa iae?ino?oeoo?e. Noenei iienaii
?acoeueoaoe ii aeei?enoaiith iao?aaeeoeieieo iaoiaeia ia?iaee neea
?icieie aeaeaie ii?iiiiaiiy (aaia- aei?iiiithaaiiy, naioeiaa
aei?iiiithaaiiy oeueo?aoiieaoiaiai oa iio?a/a?aiiiai aeiaiaciiia). Aieea
aaia- aei?iiiithaaiiy ia neei i?eaiaeeoue aei ciii eiai no?oeoo?e oa
aei iiai?oaiiy eiai iioe/ieo aeanoeainoae. Aeiy eaca?iiai
aei?iiiithaaiiy aeeaeiueiai iio?a/a?aiiiai aeiaiaciio c iieinaeoiaeiith
o?eaaeinoth iiioeuena i?eaiaeeoue aei ciii eiai i?oaeieo aeanoeainoae oa
aei iiyae a iueiio aeiaeaoeiaeo iai?oaeaiue.

Ic eioa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae aiaeiii, ui c aeiiiiiaith aeniei/anoioiiai oa
iaaeaeniei/anoioiiai aei?iiiithaaiiy iiaeia ciiithaaoe aeayei
(iai?eeeaae, aeaeo?ioice/ii) aeanoeainoi oaoii/iiai neea, aea anaai/ieo
eiiieaenieo aeineiaeaeaiue ia i?iaiaeeeinue i ia aea/aany acaiica’ycie
iiae ciiiith iaoaii/ieo aeanoeainoae neea oa ciiiaie eiai no?oeoo?e. C
oai?aoe/ii oa i?aeoe/ii oi/ie ci?o aaaeeeai aiaeneiaeeoaaoe oaeee
acaiica’ycie ia iaeiiio i oiio ae neei, iai?eeeaae, iiaeiioinoaoiiio,
yea i aoei ia’eoii iaoeo aeineiaeaeaiue.

A iaeyaei oaeiae iieacaii, ui aeey ?icoe?aiiy i?aeoe/iiai aeei?enoaiiy
neea (iai?eeeaae, a i?iieneiainoi), oa c iaoith io?eiaiiy neea c
iaia?aae caaeaieie aeanoeainoyie iaiaoiaeia ?ic?iaea iaoiaeia
iiaeeoieaoei eiai no?oeoo?e oa aeanoeainoae iiae aieeaii
aeaeo?iiaaiioiiai aei?iiiithaaiiy.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? iienaii iaeaaeiaiiy, ui aeei?enoiaoaaeinue,
aeo?aei? eiiiiiaioe ne?iaeiii? noi?o? neea, iaoiaeeee aeey
aeineiaeaeaiue no?oeoo?ieo ciii o neei, aeaoaeoiinoi eiai iiaa?oii, a
oaeiae iaoiaeeee ciiie iaoai?/ieo oa o?ceei-o?i?/ieo aeanoeainoae.

A ?iaioi aeineiaeaeoaaeinue iiaeiioinoaoia neei ci neeaaeii (ian.%):
CaO-32,5; CuO -17,5; P2O5-50.

Aeey ye?nii? ioeiiee io?eiaiiai iaie neea aeei?enoiaoaaee
?aioaaii-oaciaee aiaeic (?aioaaiianueeee aeeo?aeoiiao? oeio Ae?II-3), a
aeey aecia/aiiy no?oeoo?ieo ciii a neei aeei?enoiaoaaeanue iio?a/a?aiia
niaeo?in-eiiiy (niaeo?ioioiiao? oeio Specord IR-75). Aeey aeineiaeaeaiiy
aeaoaeoiinoi iiaa?oii neea aeei?enoiaoaaee oioinoeioeueiaaio aeaeo?iiio
aiinith a aaeoii (10-4Ia) c aeei?enoaiyi iaoiaeeee neaioth/iai
naioeiaiai ciiaea.

I?e aeineiaeaeaiii iaoaii/ieo oa oice/ieo aeanoeainoae neea
aeii?thaaeenue oaei ia?aiao?e: aonoeia, iie?ioaa?aeinoue, e?aeiaee eoo
cii/oaaiiy oa eiaoioeiio eiiieiiai ?icoe?aiiy. Aeii?e aonoeie neea
i?iaiaeeee aiae?inoaoe/iei iaoiaeii caaaeoaaiiy a oieoiei ia ?ic?iaeaiie
oa aeaioiaeaiie iaie onoaiiaoei, eiai iie?ioaa?aeinoue aeii?thaaeanue
iaoiaeii aaeaaeaiiy aeiacii ii?aiiaee Aiea?na ia iie?ioaa?aeiiao?i oeio
IIO-3. E?aeiaee eoo cii/oaaiiy neea aeii?thaaany iaoiaeii i?iaeoei
e?aiei ia ae?ai. Eiaoioeiio eiiieiiai ?icoe?aiiy neea aeii?thaaany
aeeoa?aioeiaeueii-oa?ii/iei iaoiaeii ia aea?iaaoia?aoi cenoaie
Paulik-Paulik oeio D-1500 Q. Oiii/ia noieeinoue aei aa?aneaieo
na?aaeiaeu aeii?thaaeanue iaoiaeii ao?aoe iane. Ia?iaea
aenia?eiaioaeueieo ?acoeueoaoia i?iaiaeeeanue c aeei?enoaiiyi
ia?niiaeueieo AII. Iaaaaeaia iaoiaeeea ioe?iee iioeaie aei???a.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? iienaii oa i?iaiaeiciaaii ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiue ci?i no?oeoo?e oa o?ceei-o?i?/ieo aeanoeainoae neea iiae
aeith aeaeo?iiaaiioiiai aei?iiiithaaiiy, a oaeiae cai?iiiiiaaii iaoaiici
oeeo ciii.

A ?iaioi aeineiaeaeoaaeinue iiaeiioinoaoia neei, yea aeaioiaeyeinue
iaoiaeii oeooii oaoiieiai c aaaaeaiiyi o aeoiaeio noiio
o?i?/iiaeoeaiaaiiai eiiiiiaioa — neeiooai?thaa/a. Oea aeicaieeei
iieiioeoe iaeii??aeiinoue io?eiaiiai neea.

C?acee neea iiaeeoieoaaee aeaeo?iiaaiioiei aei?iiiithaaiiyi c
/anoioaie 22 eAoe, 1 AAoe oa 14 AAoe (aaia?aoi?e AIA aiaeiiaiaeii:
AC-34, “Eo/-4”, A4-11A).

Aenia?eiaioaeueii aoei anoaiiaeaii, ui iiaeeo?eaoe?y no?oeoo?e neea o
iie? aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy aecia/a?oueny iniaeeainoyie
aca?iiae?? ii?iiiiaiiy c no?oeoo?ieie iaeeieoeyie oa o?aaiaioaie neea.
Iiae aeith aeaeo?iiaaiioiiai aei?iiiithaaiiy iecueei/anoioiiai
aeiaiaciia (22 eAoe) ia?aiao?e neea iiai?oothoueny, a iiae aieeaii
iaaeaeniei/anoioiiai (1 oa 14 AAoe) — iie?auothoueny. Cie?aia, i?e
caoaeaeaii? neea aeaeo?iiaai?oiei aei?ii?ithaaiiyi c /anoioith 22 eAoe o
eiai ia`?i? aeieeathoue iaiaeii??aeiino?, ui i?eaiaeeoue aei
ooai?aiiy iaeanoae, caaaa/aieo oa ca?aeiaieo ?iiaie aeii?oie, a oea a
naith /a?ao ca?eueoo? aeaoaeoi?noue iiaa?oi? oa iia??oo? o?ceei-o?i?/i?
aeanoeaino? neea.

I?e iiaeeo?eaoe?? neea AIA iaaeaeniei/anoioiiai (IA*) ae?aiaciia
aiaeaoaa?oueny caieueoaiiy eiai iie?ioaa?aeinoi oa aonoeie
(?en.1 oa 2). Iiaeeo?eaoe?y no?oeoo?e neea aecia/a?oueny ye ia?a-iao?aie
aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy, oae ? o?eaae?noth aca?iiae?? c
iei.

O?eaeoeyoeoaeeeiia ii?ii?iaiiy neea AIA c /anoioith 1 AAoe iineaaeth?
aeeiai?/iee aiaeiaaee ca`ycie ?-I(I)…II-? ? aca?-iiae?th i?ae
oinoi?ieeniaaeie oao?aaae?aie c ianooiiei aeoeneoaaiiyi
no?oeoo?ii? aiaee ?c n?oee neea. Oea i?eaiaeeoue aei ca?eueoaiiy /anoee
a?eueiiai ia`?io i?e?iii?iaeiei.

Aonoeia neea, eiai i?e?ioaa?ae?noue oa e?aeiaee eoo cii/oaaiiy
c?inoathoue c? ca?eueoaiiyi /ano ii?ii?iaiiy oa iiooaeiinoi AIA.
Aiaeii/an c oeei niinoa??aa?oueny ??no ieanoe/iino? neea oa
a?ae?ioiaiino? eiai iiaa?oi?.

Ae?y ia neei AIA c /anoioith 14 AAoe aeeeeea? i?aeoao?aaae?e/i?
eieeaaiiy c iineeaiiyi aiie?ooaee eieeaaiue iaeii-aeaioaoiiieo
?aaeeeae?a, i?e?aeiaieo aei e?ioeaaeo a?oi ?-I. O ?acoeueoao? aca?iiae??
inoeeeyoi??a a?ae?ieneeuei? a?oie oa aoiie aiaeith a?ae?eaathoueny a?ae
iniiaieo a?oi, ?aeiia?iothoue oa aeaeaeythoueny c ia`?io neea o
aeaeyae? iieaeoe aiaee. I?ioean noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny ca?eueoaiiyi
i?aeoao?aaae?e/-

wmetafile8? ?? ?? ?,????????&?

?yyyy????Word?Microsoft Word??? ???????
?r???u?????????????I???Courier
New?I????-?????????uIy?????? 1,1`- f=22 eAoe,
iiooaei?noue 1 oa 5 Ao, a?aeiia?aeii;

2,2`- f=1 AAoe, iiooaei?noue 1 oa 5 Ao, a?aeiia?aeii;

3,3`- f=14 AAoe, iiooaei?noue 1 oa 5 Ao,
a?aeiia?aeii.

wmetafile8? ??„?? ?*????????&?

?yyyy????Word?Microsoft Word??? ???????
¤???u?????????????I???Courier
New?I????-?????????uIy?????? ?en. 2 . Caeaaei?noue
i?e?ii?oeiino? neea a?ae ia?aiao??a AIA:

1,1`- f=1 AAoe, iiooaei?noue 1 oa 5 Ao,
a?aeiia?aeii;

2,2`- f=14 AAoe, iiooaei?noue 1 oa 5 Ao.
a?aeiia?aeii.

ieo eoo?a ?-I-? a?ae 1090 aei 1300 oa i?a?aoe??th ?ii?a aeii?oie, i?e
oeueiio cieaeo?oueny ye /anoea a?eueiiai ia`?io, oae ? ?ici??
i?e?iii?iaeiei. Aonoeia oa i?e?ii?oeiinoue i?e oeueiio c?inoathoue oae
naii, ye ? o aeiaaeeo ae?? AIA c /anoioith 1 AAoe.

I?aeaeuaiiy iiooaeiino? aei?ii?ithaaiiy ca?eueoo? aiie?ooaeo
?aciiainieo eieeaaiue no?oeoo?ieo iaeeieoeue neea, ? ye ?acoeueoao
aeiaeaoeiai aii?yaeeiao? no?oeoo?o. Iioeiaeueiee /an iiaeeo?eaoe? neea
aeey /anoioe 14 AAoe aei?iaith? 90 oaeeei.

Iiaeeo?eaoe?y neea aei?ii?ithaaiiyi c /anoioith 1 AAoe i?ec-aiaeeoue,
a c /anoioith 14 AAoe ia i?ecaiaeeoue aei aeaoi?iaoe?? n?oee neea. *a?ac
oea ia eiai iiaa?oii i?e iiaeeo?eaoe?? c /anoioith 1 AAoe oi?io?oueny
iai?oaeaiee oa? c iiaeaeuaiith iaoaii/iith iioeiinoth. C? a?eueoaiiyi
iiooaeiino? aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy iaaeaeniei/anoioiiai
ae?aiaciio oa?aeoa? ci?i o nee? caa??aa?oueny, a c?inoa? eeoa ?o
aaee/eia.

C eioa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae aiaeiii, ui ciiia eooa iiae oao?aaae?aie [?I4]
a neei i?eaiaeeoue aei ciiie eiai iio?a/a?aiieo niaeo?ia . Oea
aeicaieeei iai ii ciiiao a iio?a/a?aiieo niaeo?ao aenia-?eiaioaeueieo
c?aceia iiaeeoieiaaiiai neea aecia/eoe caeaaeiinoue aaee/eie ciiie
eooia ?-I-? aiae ia?aiao?ia aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy.
Iio?a/a?aiii niaeo?e a iaeanoi oa?aeoa?ieo eieeaaiue oinoaoieo a?oi a
iaoeo c?aceao neea aei oa iiney ?o ii?iiiiaiiy i?eaaaeaii ia ?enoieo 3.

Ic ieo aeaeii, ui i?e ii?iiiiaiii neea /anoioith 1 AAoe nooo?aeo ciii
ia niinoa?iaaeinue, a i?e ii?iiiiaiii /anoioith 14 AAoe aiaeaoaaeeny
ciiie a oa?aeoa?i eieeaaiue ca’ceia ?-I-?. Iaeaieueo iiiai?ii, ui i?e
oeueiio aiaeaoaathoueny ciiie, yei iia’ycaii c ciiiith eooa
a ca’yceao

wmetafile8? ??a%?? ?/????????&?

?yyyy????Word?Microsoft Word??? ??????? 
???u?????????????I???Courier New?I????-?????????uIy??????
?en. 3. ?io?a/a?aii? niaeo?e neea :

1 — neei aac ia?iaee AIA;

2 — neei, ia?iaeaia AIA f=1 AAoe, ?=5 Ao, 90 oaeeei;

3 — neei, ia?iaeaia AIA f=14 AAoe, ?=5 Ao, 90 oaeeei.

P-O-P a caeaaeiinoi aiae o?eaaeinoi oa iioaineaiinoi aei?iiiithaaiiy. Ia
niaeo?ao iaii?iiiiaiiai neea a iaeanoi eieeaaiue ?-I-? a aeiaiaciii
/anoio 700-800 ni-1 (neiao?e/ii eieeaaiiy) iaie anoaiiaeaii aeieyiee (ie
?o oiiaii iacaaee “ieaoi”), ia yeeo niinoa??aaeinue 5 iiiiioiia
iaaaeeei? aiieiooaee, yei eiaeiee ?ac iiaoi?thaaeenue ia anio c?aceao
neea. I?e ii?iiiiaiii c?aceia aeaeo?iiaaiioiei aei?iiiithaaiiyi oe?eia
oeueiai ieaoi ciaiooaaeanue i?e ciaioaii /anoioe ii?iiiiaiiy, i i?e 14
AAoe caeeoaany eeoa iaeei aeia?a ae?aaeaiee aocueeee iiiiioi. Aiaeiai/ia
caeaaeiinoue niinoa?iaaeanue i a aeiaiaciii /anoio 900 — 1000 ni-1
(aneiao?e/ii eieeaaiiy). Aeei?enoiaoth/e aiaeiio iaoiaeeeo ?ic?aooieia,
iiaeia ii cia/aiiyi neiao?e/ieo oa aneiao?e/ieo eieeaaiue i?iaioiaaii
aecia/eoe eoo iiae ca’yceaie ?-I-? aeey ii?iiiiaieo (14 AAoe) i
iaii?iiiiaieo aeaeo?iiaaiioiei aei-?iiiithaaiiyi c?aceia. Aaee/eia eooa
iiae ?-I-? iaii?iiiiaiiai neea aei?iaithaaea 1090. Ic caieueoaiiyi
iiooaeiinoi aeaeo?iiaaiioiiai aei?iiiithaaiiy c /anoioith 14 AAoe aiae 1
aei 5 Ao niinoa?iaaeiny caieueoaiiy eooa iiae ?-I-? aiae 1200 aei 1300,
aiaeiiaiaeii.

?acoeueoaoe ae?aaiinoeee iiaa?oi? neea, yei aoee io?eiaii ca
aeiiiiiaith oioiaiinieiiai iaoiaeo, iieacaee, ui iecueei/anoioia
ii?ii?ithaaiy oi?io? o i?eiiaa?oiaaiio oa?? ?icoyaoth/o iai?oaeai?noue,
a aeniei/anoioia — noeneoth/o.

Aeey ?ic?aooieia oa?aeoa?enoee aiinieieo aeanoeainoae iiaa?oii c?aceia
iaie aeei?enoiaoaaeenue oae? ia?aiao?e: na?aaeiy iioaineaiinoue aiini
oa nooiiiue aiinieii iaiaeii?iaeiinoi. I?e oeueiio iaiaoiaeii
a?aoiaoaaoe, ui ia?iaea iiaa?oii neea aeaeo?iiaaiioiei aei?iiiithaaiiyi
ciiith oa?aeoa? aeaoaeoiinoi iiaa?oii. Aenia?eiaioaeueii aoei
anoaiiaeaii, ui iioaineaiinoue aiini aeaeo?iiia c iiaa?oii ii?iiiiaieo
c?aceia caeaaeeoue aiae ia?aiao?ia AIA. Ii?iaiyiiy cia/aiue oeeo
iioaineaiinoae c ii?iiiiaieo oa iaii?iiiiaieo c?aceia neea iieacaee, ui
ia?iaea neea AIA /anoioith 22 eAoe iiaeaeuo, a IA* aei?iiiithaaiiy —
cieaeo iioaineaiinoue aiini aeaeo?iiia.

Ic eioa?aoo?ieo aeaieo aiaeiii, ui ii aaee/eii ciii iioaineaiinoi aiini
aeaeo?iiia iiaeia c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i iayaiinoue iai?oaeaiue ia
iiaa?oii c?aceo. Caieueoaiiy iioaineaiinoi ii?iiiiaieo aeaeo?iiaaiioiei
aei?iiiithaaiiyi c?aceia a ii?iaiyiii c iaii?iiiiaieie aeaco ia
iayaiinoue a ieo, aiaeiiaiaeii, ?acoyaoth/eo, a ciaioaiiy iioaineaiinoi
— noeneoth/eo iai?oaeaiue.

C ii?iaiyiiy oioiaiinieii aeoeaiinoi iaii?iiiiaieo oa ii?iiiiaieo
?iciith /anoioith AIA c?aceia neea iiaeeeai c?iaeoe ianooiiee aeniiaie.
Ia?iaeaii aeaeo?iiaaiioiei aei?iiiithaaiiyi c /anoioith 22eAoe c?acee
neea noai?ththoue o i?eiiaa?oiaaiio oa?i ?icoyaoth/i iai?oaeaiiy, a
c?acee, ia?iaeaii IA* aei?iiiithaaiiyi 1AAoe oa 14 AAoe — noeneoth/i,
i?e/iio iai?oaeaiiy noeneaiiy aeua a oeo c?aceao, yei ii?iiiithaaeenue c
/anoioith 1 AAoe.

Iineieueee aeey neea iaaacia/ii ye noeneoth/i, oae i ?icoyaoth/i
iai?oaeaiiy, oi ynii, ui iio?iaii ae?iaithaaoe iiey caeeoeiaeo
iai?oaeaiue aeey ciaioaiiy iiiai?iinoi ?ico?ineoaaiiy neeiae?iaia.

Aeei?enoiaoth/e aiaeiii niiaaiaeiioaiiy iiae iniiaieie iaoa-ii/ieie
ia?aiao?aie neea, ia yei aieeaa aeaeo?iiaaiioia aei?iiiithaaiiy, ie
?ic?aooaaee cia/aiiy caeeoeiaeo iai?oaeaiue a ii?iiiiaieo oa
iaii?iiiiaieo c?aceao neea. Oai?aoe/ii ?ic?aoiaaii oa aenia?eiaioaeueii
io?eiaii cia/aiiy caeeoeiaeo iai?oaeaiue i?eaaaeaii ia ?enoieo 4. C
iueiai aeaeii, ui oai?aoe/ii oa aenia-?eiaioaeueii e?eai i?aeoe/ii
niiaiaaeathoue, oiaoi aieea aeaeo?iiaaiioiiai aei?iiiithaaiiy

wmetafile8? ???J?? ?????????&?

?yyyy????Word?Microsoft Word??? ???????
‚oe???u?????????????I???Courier
New?I????-?????????uIy?????? ?en. 4. ?iciiaeie iai?oaeaiue o
i?eiiaa?oiaaiio oa?i neea,

— aiaenoaiue aiae iiaa?oii :

1 — neei aac ia?iaee AIA;

2,2`- oai?aoe/ii ?ac?aoiaaia oa aenia?eiaioaeueii aeii-

?yia iai?oaeaiinoue o nee? ia?iaeaiiai AIA f=1
AAoe;

3,3`- oai?aoe/ii ?ac?aoiaaia oa aenia?eiaioaeueii aeii-

?yia iai?oaeai?noue o nee? ia?iaeaiiai AIA
f=14AAoe.

ia iaoaii/ii ia?aiao?e aeicaiey ciaioeoe caeeoeia? iai?oae a iueiio.

Ia iniiai io?eiaieo ?acoeueoaoia iaie aoei ?ic?iaeaii iaoiae ciaioaiiy
caeeoeiaeo iai?oaeaiue a neei. Iioeiaeueii ia?aiao?e oeueiai iaoiaeo
noaiiaeyoue: /an — 90 oaeeei, /anoioa — 14 AAoe, iiooaei?noue — 5 Ao.

Io?eiaii a oeueiio ?icaeiei aenia?eiaioaeueii ?acoeueoaoe aoee iaie
aeei?enoaii i?e aeineiaeaeaiii nia?a iaoaea ci neeii, yei oe?iei
aeei?enoiaothoueny a aeaeo?iiiie i?iieneiainoi.

*aoaa?oee ?icae?e i?enay/aiee aenia?eiaioaeueiiio aeine?aeaeai-ith
aieeao ia?aiao?ia AIA ia iaoa?iaee, yei aeei?enoiaothoueny aeey
io?eiaiiy iaoaeineeyieo niaa oienaoi?ieo aoceia aeey
aeae-o?iiiii?iiaiaaeo i?eeaaeia (AII).

A aeaeo?iiiie i?iieneiainoi aeei?enoiaothoue iaoaeineeyii c’aeiaiiy,
yei iathoue aeaeyae aeaeo?ii?iaiaeieo oa?ia ia neei, a oaeiae
iaoaeineeyii nia, ui aeei?enoiaothoueny aeey aeaioiaeaiiy AII.

C neeii aeia?a ocaiaeaeothoueny, a iniiaiiio, eiaa? oa nieaae ieaoeie.
Iaoa?iae, yeee iaie aeei?enoiaoaaany aeey aiathaaiiy a neei aoa eiaa?,
oaiia?aoo?iee eiaoioeiio eiiieiiai ?icoe?aiiy yeiai aeoaea aeecueeee aei
oaeiai ae eiaoioeiioo aeey neea. Nieaa eiaa?a iaa ianooiiee neeaae:
caeici — 55%, iieaeue- 28% oa eiaaeueo 17%. Aea aeey io?eiaiiy aieueo
ocaiaeaeaiiai iaoaeineeyiiai niath iaiaoiaeii noai?eoe iiaa?oiaao ieenio
ieiaeo ia eiaa?iaiio aeaiaei oeyoii eiai oa?ii/iiio aiaeiaeo.

Aeey io?eiaiiy ieenieo ieiaie ia iaoaeaaeo eiaa?iaeo aeaiaeao ie
aeei?enoiaoaaee aeaionoaaeieiee aiaeiae ca oaeei ?aaeeiii: ia?oa noaaeiy
i?iaiaeeeanue i?e 9000 N o?eaaeinoth 10 oaeeei, ae?oaa — i?e 10800 N
o?eaaeinoth 3 — 5 oaeeei.

I?e oeueiio ia iiaa?oii iaoaeo noai?thaaeanue ieenia ieiaea c aenieith
iioeiinoth, yea caaacia/oaaea ia?aoiaeiee oa? c aeiionoeieie cia/aiiyie
caeeoeiaeo iai?oaeaiue (ii oaoii/iei oiiaai aeaioiaeaiiy ae?iao).
Aiaeiioeii, ui i?e aeoaea iaeeo oiaueiao ieiaea ia iaaaeeeo iioeiinoue,
a i?e aaeeeeo noa ?eoeith. Aenia?eiaioaeueiei oeyoii aoei anoaiiaeaii,
ui iioeiaeueia oiaueia oaei ieiaee ciaoiaeeoueny a iaaeao 0,1-0,5 iei.

Aeaioiaeaiiy niaa iiae eiaa?iaeie aeaiaeaie c ieeniith ieiaeith ia ieo
oa neeii i?iaiaeeeinue i?e oaiia?aoo?ao aeecueeeo aei oaiia?aoo?e
neeiooai?aiiy neea (6000 N).

I?e eiioaeo?aaiii ?ici’yeoaiiai neea c iiaa?oiath ieenii ieiaee, yea
ciaoiaeeoueny ia ?icia?ioiio aei aeniei oaiia?aoo?e iaoaei,
aiaeaoaaoueny ?ic/eiaiiy ieeneia iaoaeia (yei aoiaeyoue a nieaa eiaa?a)
a neei i iaaiaee, neea a ieeniie ieiaoei. Oaea acaiia i?iieeiaiiy
ieeneia iaoaeia oa neea i?eaiaeeoue aei oiai, ui a?aaeiio eiioeaio?aoei
ieeneia iaoaeia iai?aaeaiee aiae iaaei iaoae-neei. I?e oeueiio
noai?thoueny aeinoaoiuei aaeeeeo ?icii?ia ia?aoiaeia ciia iiae iaoaeii
oa neeii (ia?aoiaeiee oa?).

Aeineiaeaeaiiy ia?aoiaeiiai oa?o a iaoaeineeyiiio nia ca aeiiiiiaith
iio?a/a?aiii niaeo?ineiii iieacaee, ui a eiai niaeo?i a aeiaiaciii
/anoio aiae 700 aei 1000 ni-1 aiaeaoeeny cia/ii ciiie. Iai iaaiaeiii
?iaioe iioeo aaoi?ia, yei a iioaeieoaaee a iaoeiaie eioa?aoo?i aeaii i?i
aeaoaeueii niaeo?aeueii aeineiaeaeaiiy ia?aoiaeieo oa?ia neea (iiney
ia?iaee AIA) a iio?a/a?aiiie iaeanoi niaeo?o. Oiio ie ia ciiaee,
aeei?enoiaoth/e oieueee iaoi aeaii, c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i no?oeoo?ii
ciiie a c?aceao neea i?e o ii?iiiiaiii. Aea yeinii ie iiaeaii eeoa
i?eionoeoe, ui i?e ii?iiiiaiii c?aceia aeaeo?iiaaiioiei aei?iiiithaaiiyi
a ieo aiaeaoaathoueny cia/ii ciiie no?oeoo?e.

Iiaeaioiaeaii iaoaeineeyii nia oienaoi?ieo aoceia aeaeo?iiiii?iiaiaaeo
i?eeaaeia aeineiaeaeoaaee ia caeeoeiai iai?oaeaiiy. Aenia?eiaioaeueii
aoei anoaiiaeaii, ui caeeoeiai iai?oaeaiiy iaoaeineeyiiai niath a ?icieo
iaeanoyo iiae eiaa?iaeie aeaiaeaie ciiithaaeenue aiae 4500 aei 6200 IIa.

Aaee/eie iie?ioaa?aeinoi oa iai?oaeaiue a iaeanoyo, yei ciaoiaeeeenue
ii?o/ c aeaiaeaie, aoee aieueoeie, iiae a iioeo iaeanoyo ae?iao.

A aeaeo?iiiie i?iieneiainoi aeey ciaioaiiy caeeoeiaeo iai?oaeaiue
aeei?enoiaothoue oa?ii/iee aiaeiae. Aea i?e aeaioiaeaiii aeayeeo
aeaeo?iiieo i?eeaaeia aeieea iaiaoiaeiinoue aiathaaoe aeaiaee c eiaa?o
ia inoaiiie noaaei aeaioiaeaiiy i?eeaaeo i c?icoiiei, ui aeei?enoaoe
oa?ii/iee aiaeiae a oeueiio aeiaaeeo iaiiaeeeai. Aeey ae?ioaiiy oei
caaea/i iaie aoei aeei?enoaii iaoiae ciaioaiiy caeeoeiaeo iai?oaeaiue a
neei, yeee iienaii a ?icaeiei 3.

Aiaeiioeii, ui aenia?eiaioaeueia onoaiiaea, yea aeei-?enoiaoaaeany aeey
ii?iiiiaiiy neea c aeiiiiiaith aeuacaaaeaiiai iaoiaeo, ia i?eaeaoia aeey
ia?iaee AIA ?iai/i /anoeie oienaoi?iiai aocea yeaeo?iiiii?iiaiaaiai
i?eeaaeo. Oiio iaie aoei neiino?oeiaaii, aeaioiaeaii oa ai?iaiaaii
niaoeiaeueiee i?eno?ie c aeiaeaeo?e/iiai iaoa?iaeo aeey cae?iieaiiy
aeaoaeae i?eeaaeia aeey ii?iiiiaiiy a ?aciiaoi?i iaaeaeniei/anoioiiai
aaia?aoi?a.

Io?eiaii iaie aenia?eiaioaeueii ?acoeueoaoe ii ciaioaiith caeeoeiaeo
iai?oaeaiue a i?eeaaeao aoee aeei?enoaii ia iiaei?einoai aeaeo?iiii
i?iieneiainoi (AI “Eiianeii”, iinoi Eueaia). E?ii oeueiai iaie aoea
?ic?iaeaia oa ai?iaiaaia niaoeiaeueia i?iieneiaa onoaiiaea. A oeie
onoaiiaoei any ?iai/a /anoeia aeaeo?ii-iii?iiaiaaiai i?eeaaeo
?iciiuoaaeany a niaoeiaeueii aeaioiaeaiiio ?aciiaoi?i
iaaeaeniei/anoioiiai aaia?aoi?a.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui iiae aieeaii aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai aei?ii?i-ithaaiy
/anoioith 14 AAoe, iiooaei?noth 5 Ao oa o?eaaeinoth 90 oaeeei caeeoeiai
iai?oaeaiiy ciaioothoueny ii an?e iiaa?oi? oa??eee oeieieth
aeaeo?iiiii?iiaiaaiai i?eeaaea.

Ii?iaiyeueii aenia?eiaioe iieacaee, ui ia?iaea oa??eee oeieieth
aeaeo?iiiii?iiaiaaiai i?eeaaea iaoei iaoiaeii aeicaiey? iiieceoe
caeeoeia? iai?oaeaiiy o cia?aieo aoceao i?eeaaeia ia 25-30% aieueoa,
iiae i?e oa?ii/iiio aiaeiaei, yeee o?aaeeoeieii aeei?enoiao?oueny a
aeaeo?iiiie i?iieneiaino?.

CAAAEUeII AENIIAEE:

1. Iieacaia ia?niaeoeaiinoue aeei?enoaiiy aeaeo?iiaaiioiiai
aei?iiiithaaiiy iaaeaeniei? /anoioe aeey iiaeeoieaoei? no?oeoo?e
neea oa eiai aeanoeainoae, a oaeiae ciaioaiiy iai?oaeaiue o
iaoaeineeyieo niayo a oaoiieiai/iiio i?ioeani aeaioiaeaiiy
aeaeo?iiiii?iiaiaaeo i?eeaaeia.

2. Iieacaii, ui aaaaeaiiy o ne?iaeiio noi?o iiaeiioinoaoiiai neea
o?i?/iiaeoeaiaaiiai eiiiiiaioo — neeiooai?thaa/a, aeicaiey aieueo
iaaeieii aeo?eiaoe neeaae neea oa noi?ioaaoe iaeii??aeio no?oeoo?o
neea.

3. Anoaiiaeaii, ui i?e iiaeeo?eaoe?? neea aeaeo?iiaaiioiei
aei?i-iiithaaiiyi c /anoioith 1 AAoe ia eiai iiaa?oii oi?io?oueny
iai?oaeaiee oa? c iiaeaeuaiith iaoaii/iith iioeiinoth.

4. Ia iniiai i?iaaaeaieo aeineiaeaeaiue ?ic?iaeaii iaoiae cieaeaiiy
caeeoeiaeo iai?oaeaiue o nee? aei?th iaaeaeniei/anoioiiai
aeaeo?iiaaiioiiai aei?iiiithaaiiy.

5. Aenia?eiaioaeueii iieacaii, ui iiae aieeaii ia neei aeaeo?iiaaiioiiai
aei?iiiithaaiiy c /anoioith 14 AAoe iaoaii/ia noieeinoue eiai
iiaeaeuo?oueny.

6. Aecia/aii iaoai?ci ca?eueoaiiy iaoai?/ii? no?eeino? neea i?e eiai
iiaeeoieaoei aeaeo?iiaaiioiei aei?iiiithaaiiyi iaaeaeniei-/anoioiiai
aeiaiaciio, yeee iia’ycaiee ci caieueoaiiyi i?aeoao?aaae?e/ieo eooia o
ca’yceao ?-I-?.

7.?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo ciaioaiiy caeeoeiaeo iai?oaeaiue o iaoaei-neeyieo
niayo o i?ioeani aeaioiaeaiiy aeaeo?iiiii?iiaiaaeo i?eeaaeia, yeee
aeeth/a? oi?ioaaiiy ieenii? ieiaee ia eiaa?iaiio aeaiaei c iiaeaeueoith
ia?iaeith aeaeo?iiaaiioiei aei?iiiithaai-iyi iaaeaeniei/anoioiiai
aeiaiaciio.

INIIAII ?ACOEUeOAOE AeENA?OAOeI AEEEAAeAII A IOAEIEAOeIssO:

1. Iaoaie/aneay noaaeeecaoeey iaaeiioinoaoiuo noaeie / Aei-uaieiA.A.,
Iiaeeia A.A., Iiaeeiaa E.A. — Eeaa, 1996. — 11n. — ?on.- Aeaiiie?iaaia
a ?AE “Aeaiiiiaai? iaoeia? ?iaioe”, ?1, 1997.

2. Iiaeeia A.A., Iiaeeiaa E.A., Aeiuaiei A.A. Iniaaiiinoe no?iaiey
oinoaoiuo aieiiia a ?anieaaeaiiii e noaeeiia?aciii ninoiyieyo ii
?aiai-niaeo?ai // Aanoiee OAOO, O.1 — Oa?nii, 1997 a. — N.151-153.

3. Iiaeeia A.A., Iiaeeiaa E.A., Aeiuaiei A.A. Aeaoi?iaoeey aaeaioiuo
oaeia a noaeeao, iiaeaa?aeaiiuo YIE // Aanoiee OAOO, O.3 — Oa?nii, 1998
a. — N. 246-247.

4. Aeiuaiei A.A., Iiaeeiaa E.A., Iiaeeia A.A. Aeeyiea YIE ia no?oeoo?o e
naienoaa iieoi?iaiaeieeiauo ieneaeiuo noaeie // Aanoiee OAOO, O. 3 —
Oa?nii, 1998 a. — N. 248-250.

5. Aeiuaiei A.A., Iia?eiaa E.A., Iia?eia I.I. Aeeiai?ea ci?ie
i?oaeii-i?oeiinoieo aeanoeainoae neea i?ae ae??th aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai
aei?ii?ithaaiiy // A?niee Oa?iii?euenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo, O.3 — Oa?iii?eue, 1998 a. — N.204-207.

6. Iaoaio ? 94086529 Oe?aeia, IIE NICN 17/02. Niinia iieo/aiey
iieoi?iaiaeieeiaiai ieneaeiiai noaeea / A.A.Aeiuaiei, A.A.Iiaeeia,
E.A.Iiaeeiaa (Oe?aeia).- Cayaeaii 05.08.94; Iioae. 14.04.98. — 4n.

7. Iaoaio ? 98020810 a?ae 17.02.98. Oe?a?ia, IIE NICN 17/02. Niin?a
io?eiaiiy ie?aee iai?ai?ia?aeieeiaiai neea / A.A. Aeiuaiei,
I.I. Iia?eia , E.A.Iia?eiaa , I.I. Iiiiia?aiei (Oe?a?ia). — Cayaeaii
17.02.98; Iioae. 12.10.98. — 4n.

8. Aeiuaiei A.A., Iiaeeia A.A., Naiaithe E.A. “?anoai?iay” oaoiieiaey a
oi?ie?iaaiee iioe/aneeo iie?uoee // Oacenu aeieeaaeia eiioa?aioeee
i?aiiaeaaaoaeae e nio?oaeieeia Oa?niineiai eiaeono?eaeueiiai einoeoooa.
— Oa?nii, 1993 a. — N.98.

9. Aeiuaiei A.A., Naiaithe E.A., Iiaeeia A.A. Naycue iaoaie/aneeo
iai?yaeaiee ni no?oeoo?ie ieneaeiuo noaeie // Oacenu aeieeaaeia
iaaeaeoia?iaeiie iao/ii-oaoie/aneie eiioa?aioee “Oaoiieiaey e ea/anoai
noaeea”.- Eiinoaioeiiaea. — 1993.- N.82

10. Aeiuaiei A.A., Iia?eiaa E.A. Aea/aiiy o?i?/ii? no?eeino? a
aa?aneaiiio na?aaeiaeu? ieneaeiiai neea // Oace aeiiiaiaeae iaoei-ai?
eiioa?aioe?? iieiaeeo a/aieo oa nooaeaio?a. Aea?aeaaia Aeaaeai?y
eaaei? i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie, /anoeia ia?oa. — Ee?a: AeAEIO. — 1994. —
N.67.

11. Iiaeeia A.A., Iiaeeiaa E.A., Aeiuaiei A.A. Enneaaeiaaiea
iae?inaienoa yia?aaoe/anee aicaoaeaeaiiuo noaeie // Oacenu aeieeaaeia
iaaeaeoia?iaeiie iao/ii-oaoie/aneie eiioa?aioeee — Eiinoaioeiiaea. —
1995. — N.46.

12. Iiaeeia A.A., Iiaeeiaa E.A., Aeiuaiei A.A. Enneaaeiaaiea i?i/iinoiuo
naienoa iaaeiioinoaoiuo noaeie // Oacenu aeieeaaeia eiioa?aioeee
i?aiiaeaaaoaeae e nio?oaeieeia Oa?niineiai eiaeono?eaeueiiai einoeoooa
“Iao/ii-oaoie/aneee i?ia?ann a ia?aoiaeiue ia?eiae ?acaeoey Oe?aeiu”.-
Oa?nii: OEE. — 1995.- N.52.

Aeiuaiei A.A. Iiaeeo?eaoe?y no?oeoo?e oa aeanoeainoae i?aeiioinoaoiiai
neea o iie? aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.27.06. — oaoiieia?y, iaeaaeiaiiy oa
ae?iaieoeoai aeaeo?iiii? oaoi?ee, ?inoeooo o?ceee iai?ai?ia?aeiee?a
Iaoe?iiaeueii? Aeaaeai?? Iaoe Oe?a?ie, Ee?a,1999 ?.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii ?ic?iaoei iaoiaeo iiaeeoieaoei no?oeoo?e oa
aeanoeainoae neea aeaeo?iiaai?oiei aei?ii?ithaaiiyi ?aaeiiaeiaiaciio.
Ii?iiiiaiiy neea aeaeo?iiaaiioiei aei?iiiith-aaiiyi c /anoioith 22 eAoe
i?eaiaeeoue aei iiai?oaiiy eiai iaeii?iaeiinoi: c’yaethoueny caaaa/aii
oa caiaeiaii aeiiioeaie aeieyiee. I?e aei ia neei aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai
aei?ii?ithaaiiy iaaeaenieeo /anoio (14 AAoe) a eiai no?oeoo?i
aiaeaoaathoueny ciiie ca’yceia oinoi?iieeniaaeo oao?aaae?ia, i?e yeeo
iiaeoao?aaae?e/ii eooe P-O-P caieueoothoueny aiae 1090 aei 1300.
Aenia?eiaioaeueii oa oai?aoe/ii aeineiaeaeaiiy aeicaieeee anoaiiaeoe
ca’ycie iiae no?oeoo?ith neea oa ia?aiao?aie eiai aieueiiai ia`?io.
Anoaiiaeaii iioeiaeueii oaoiieiai/ii ?aaeeie iiaeeoieaoei neea.
Cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiae iiaeeoieaoei no?oeoo?e oa aeanoeainoae neea iiae
aieeaii aeaeo?iiaaiioiiai aei?iiiithaaiiy oa oaoiieiai/iee ?aaeei
ciaioaiiy iaoaii/ieo iai?oaeaiue o nee? oa iaoaeineeyieo niayo
aeaeo?iiiii?iiaiaaeo i?eeaae?a.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: no?oeoo?a neea, iiaeeo?eaoe?y, iaoaeineeyiee niae,
aeaeo?iiaai?oia aei?ii?ithaaiiy, iiooaei?noue.

Doshchenko G. Modification of structure and properties of copper
phosphate glass in the field of electromagnetic radiation.- Manuscript.

Thesis for a candidates degree by specialty 05.27.06. — technology,
equipment and production of electronic technique, Institute of
Semiconductor Physics , National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv,
1999.

The thesis is devoted to the development of a method of structural and
property modification of a glass to the electromagnetic radiation of
radio frequency region. The exposure of the glass by the electromagnetic
radiation with 22 kHz frequency leads to the worsening of its
homogeneity, i.e. areas enriched and depleted by impurities appear.
Under the influence of the electromagnetic radiation with ultra-high
frequencies (14 GHz).The structural chomges occur. The chomges of the
bonds of phosphor-oxygen tetrahedrons lead to the increase of
intertetrahedron angles P-O-P from 1090 to 1300. The experimental and
theoretical investigations elucidated the correlation between the glass
structure and the parameters of its free volume. The optimum
technological regimes for the glass modification are established. The
method of the modification of the glass structure and properties under
the influence of electromagnetic radiation and technological regime for
the decrease of the mechanical stresses in glasses and in metal-glass
junctions of the electron-beam devices are proposed.

Key words: glass structure, modification, metal-glass junction ,
electromagnetic radiation, power.

Aeiuaiei A.A. Iiaeeoeeaoeey no?oeoo?u e naienoa iaaeiioinoaoiuo noaeie
a iiea yeaeo?iiaaieoiiai eceo/aiey.- ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.27.06. — oaoiieiaey, iai?oaeiaaiea e i?iecaiaenoai
yeaeo?iiiie oaoieee, Einoeooo oeceee iieoi?iaiaeieeia Iaoeeiiaeueiie
Aeaaeaiee Iaoe Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1999 a.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia ?ac?aaioea iaoiaea iiaeeoeeaoeee no?oeoo?u e
naienoa iaaeiioinoaoiiai noaeea yeaeo?iiaaieoiui eceo/aieai
?aaeeiaeeaiaciia. Eco/ai oa?aeoa? eciaiaiey no?oeoo?u e naienoa noaeea
eae a caaeneiinoe io /anoiou e iiuiinoe eceo/aiey, oae e io
aeeeoaeueiinoe aicaeaenoaey aai ia iauaeo. Aicaeaenoaea ia noaeei
yeaeo?iiaaieoiui eceo/aieai /anoioie 22 eAoe aucuaaao iiauoaiea
iaiaeii?iaeiinoe a no?oeoo?a noaeea. I?e iiaeeoeeaoeee noaeea
yeaeo?iiaaieoiui eceo/aieai naa?oauniei/anoioiiai aeeaiaciia i?ienoiaeeo
oaaee/aiea aai iee?ioaa?aeinoe e ieioiinoe. Iiaeeoeeaoeey no?oeoo?u
noaeea ii?aaeaeyaony eae ia?aiao?aie yeaeo?iiaaieoiiai eceo/aiey, oae e
aeeeoaeueiinoueth acaeiiaeaenoaey n iei. Aeey oaeiai noaeea oa?aeoa?iu
iaeanoe iaaaeiaiiua e iaiaauaiiua i?eianiuie eiiaie.Iaeiaei /anoioa ii
?aciiio aeeyao ia no?oeoo?iua eciaiaiey. Eciaiaiey a no?oeoo?a noaeea
iiae aicaeaenoaeai aeaeo?iiaaieoiiai eceo/aiey auniei/anoioiiai
aeeaiaciia (14 AAoe) nii?iaiaeaeathony oeo/oaieai aai naienoa, a oaeaea
iiaeeoeeaoeeae no?oeoo?u, au?aaeathuaeny a ?ani?yieaiee oeaii/ae
oinoi?ii-eenei?iaeiuo oao?ayae?ia n oaaee/aieai iaaeoao?ayae?e/aneeo
oaeia ?-I-? io 1090 aei 1300.

Yenia?eiaioaeueiua enneaaeiaaiey a niaieoiiinoe n eco/aieai caaeneiinoe
oeoeooaoeeiiiiai naiaiaeiiai iauaia noaeea io ia?aiao?ia aeaenoaothuaai
yeaeo?iiaaieoiiai eceo/aiey iicaieeee onoaiiaeoue naycue iaaeaeo
no?oeoo?ie noaeea e aai naiaiaeiui iauaiii.

I?iaiaeeiua ia?aeeaeueii n oai?aoe/aneeie eco/aieyie yenia?eiaioaeueiua
enneaaeiaaiey oeceei-oeie/aneeo e i?i/iinoiuo naienoa iicaieeee
onoaiiaeoue iioeiaeueiua oaoiieiae/aneea ?aaeeiu iaeo/aiey noaeea aeey
oeaeaiai?aaeaiiie iiaeeoeeaoeee aai no?oeoo?u e naienoa. Iieacaiu
aiciiaeiinoe aeeyiey /anoiou e aeeeoaeueiinoe iaeo/aiey ia oi?i/iaiea
eae anaai iauaia noaeea, oae e i?aeiouanoaaiii aai iiaa?oiinoiiai neiy.

Ii?aaeaeaiu iioeiaeueiua oaoiieiae/aneea ?aaeeiu iiaeeoeeaoeee noaea.
Onoaiiaeaii, /oi aicaeaenoaea ia noaeei yeaeo?iiaaieoiui eceo/aieai
/anoioie 14 AAoe n iiuiinoueth 5 Ao e a oa/aiee 90 ieioo i?eaiaeeo e
cia/eoaeueiiio nieaeaieth inoaoi/iuo iai?yaeaiee. Ia iniiaaiee yoiai
?ac?aaioai iaoiae nieaeaiey inoaoi/iuo iai?yaeaiee a noaeea.

?ac?aaioaiiue iaoiae iiaeeoeeaoeee no?oeoo?u e naienoa noaeea a iiea
yeaeo?iiaaieoiiai eceo/aiey iicaieyao i?e iaiaoiaeeiinoe i?eaeaaaoue
noaeeiecaeaeeyi o?aaoaiua naienoaa e aeinoeaaoue yenieoaoaoeeiiuo
oa?aeoa?enoee aac ia?ooaiey iniiaiiai oaoiieiae/aneiai oeeeea.

I?aaeeiaeaiiue iaoiae nieaeaiey inoaoi/iuo iai?yaeaiee i?eiaieee a
i?iecaiaenoaa ecaioiaeaiey iaoaeeinoaeeyiiuo niaaa yeaeo?iiiieo/aauo
i?eai?ia. Yenia?eiaioaeueiui iooai onoaiiaeaii, /oi nieaeaiea inoaoi/iuo
iai?yaeaiee eaeao ii anae iiaa?oiinoe oa?aeee oeieiey yeaeo?iiiieo/aaiai
i?eai?a, i?ioeaio nieaeaiey ninoaaeyao 25-30%, ii n?aaiaieth n
o?aaeeoeeiiiui oa?ie/aneei ioaeeaii.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: no?oeoo?a noaeea, iiaeeoeeaoeey, iaoaeeinoaeeyiiue
niae, yeaeo?iiaaieoiia eceo/aiea, iiuiinoue.

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