I?i?noa?noai INA?OE Oe?a?ie I?EEA?IAONUeEEE oi?aa?neoao?IAI? A.
NOAOAIEEA

OEA*OE I?eny Ieeiea?aia

OAeE 538.975+537.534.9

IIAeEO?EAOe?ss NO?OEOO?EI?EIIAA?OIAAIAI OA?OAI?OAEN?EIEO IE?AIE
Y3FE5O12/GD3GA5O12I?E ?III?E ?IIEAIOAOe??.

01.04.18 — O?ceea ? o?i?y iiaa?oi?.

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe

?aaii-O?aie?anuee — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a eaai?aoi??? o?ceee iaai?oieo ie?aie I?eea?iaonueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? A. Noaoaieea I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:

aeieoi? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Inoao?e/oe Aiaaeai
Einoyioeiiae/, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e iaoaeio?ceee I?eea?iaonueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Iaoeianueeee Aiae??e
I?anoiae/, aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao «Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea», caa?aeoaa/
eaoaae?e iai?ai?ia?aeieeiai? aiaeo?ii?ee, i.Euea?a;

eao?aao Aea?aeaaii? i?ai?? Oe?a?ie a aaeoc? iaoee ? oaoi?ee, aeieoi?
o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aeiaaioae Ieeiea ?aaiiae/,
Oaeai?iaenueeee oi?aa?neoao. i?ioani? eaoaae?ith oaa?aeio?eueii?
aiaeo?ii?ee, i.Oaeai?iae.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:

?inoeooo iaoaeio?ceee IAI Oe?a?ie, i.Ee?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny «4» aeiaoiy 1999 ?ieo i 11 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 20.051.03 a I?eea?iaonueeiio
oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? A. Noaoaieea ca aae?anith: 284029,
i.?aaii-O?aie?anuee, aoe. Oaa/aiea, 57.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue a iaoeia?e a?ae?ioaoe?
I?eea?iaonueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? A. Noaoaieea (aoe. Oaa/aiea,57).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee «1»aa?aniy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 20.051.03,

eaiaeeaeao o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe
Eeai?/ea A.I.

. CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Iaeieie ?c iaea?eueo oe?iei aeei?enoiaoaaieo a
i?eno?iyo ooieoe?iiaeueii? i?e?iaeaeo?ii?ee iaai?oieo iaoa??ae?a ?
oa?eo-a?aiaoe (OA). Cie?aia, ai?oaen?ei? iiiie?enoae?/i? ie?aee
cae?ci-?o???aiai a?aiaoo (C?A) Y3Fe5O12, ae?iuai? ia i?aeeeaaeoe? ?c
aaaeie?i?e-aae??aiai a?aiaoo (AAA) Gd3Ga5O12, ? iaeieie ?c iaea?eueo
ia?niaeoeaieo iaoa??ae?a aeey noai?aiiy i?eno?i?a ?ici?ciaaaiiy,
eiio?ieth ? ia?iaee neaiae?a a naioeiao?iaiio ae?aiacii?. Ia?aiao?e
oaeeo i?eno?i?a aecia/athoueny aeanoeainoyie oiieiai i?eiiaa?oiaaiai
oa?o, a yeiio ooo/ii noai?aii ii oiauei? a?aae??io o?ceei-o?i?/ieo
aeanoeainoae.

Iiooe ? ?ic?iaea iaoiae?a iie?auaiiy aeanoeainoae i?eiiaa?oiaaiai oa?o
ai?oaen?eieo ie?aie oa?eo-a?aiao?a, a oiio /ene? C?A, caeia? nooo?aa
i?noea a ?icaeoeo no/anii? i?e?iaeaeo?ii?ee. Iaeiei ?c ia?niaeoeaieo
iaoiae?a aieeao ia i?eiiaa?oiaa? oa?e c iaoith oe?eani?yiiaaiiai
iaaeaiiy ?i niaoeeo?/ieo aeanoeainoae, ? ?iiia ?iieaioaoe?y (??),
oi?eaeuei? iiaeeeaino? yei? iia’ycai? ianaiia?aae ?c ia??aiiaaaei?noth
naiiai i?ioeano, ui aea? iiaeeea?noue iiaeieaoe i?eioeeiia? iaiaaeaiiy
iaoiae?a o?i?ei-oa?i?/ii? ia?iaee. O ?iieaioiaaieo ie?aeao C?A c
iaiaeii??aei?noth iaai?oieo ia?aiao??a ii oiauei? aeyaeaii ?yae iiaeo
o?ce/ieo aoaeo?a ? iniaeeainoae, ye? iathoue oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia
cia/aiiy. A ie?aeao C?A c iaiaeii??aeiei i?eiiaa?oiaaei oa?ii eaaoa
caoaeaeothoueny ni?i-oaeeueia? ?aciiaine. Ii??a aeieeiaiiy
iae?i?eieo aoaeo?a (iai?eeeaae, aaoiiiaeoeyoe?? ni?i-oaeeueiaeo
caoaeaeaiue) ia aeaa ii?yaeee iaioee, i?ae a ie?aeao, iaeii??aeieo ii
oiauei?. E??i oiai, a ?iieaioiaaieo ie?aeao C?A iiaeia caoaeaeoaaoe
iai?ii? ni?iia? oaee? c iaaaaaoi iaioith aeiaaeeiith, ye?
iioe?ththoueny c aeoaea iaeeie ao?aoaie. A ?iieaioiaaieo ie?aeao
Y3Fe5O12 ?nio? aeniea (aei 80%) aoaeoeai?noue ia?aoai?aiiy ?iioeueniiai
IA*-neaiaeo a a?aeo/? iai?ii? ni?iia? oaee? (INO). Oe? iniaeeaino?
?iieaioiaaieo ie?aie cae?ci-?o???aiai a?aiaoo aeei?enoiaothoueny aeey
noai?aiiy iiaiai eeano i?eno?i?a ooieoe?iiaeueii? IA*-aeaeo?ii?ee, ui
?iaeoue aeooaeueiith ?ic?iaeo oai?aoe/ieo iniia oe?eaiai?yieaii?
iiaeeo?eaoe?? ?o i?eiiaa?oiaaeo oa??a. Cie?aia, ?icoi?iiy i?ioean?a,
ye? a?aeaoaathoueny a oaeiio oa??, ? iaiao?aeiith ia?aaeoiiaith
io?eiaiiy iaoa??ae?a c iio??aieie o?ce/ieie aeanoeainoyie, ui iio?aao?
aeaeuei?oiai eiiieaeniiai oai?aoe/iiai ? aenia?eiaioaeueiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy. ??oaiiy aeaii? caaea/? i?aae’yaey? aei?noe? aeiiae aei
iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aiie iiaeii? aooe ia?oeioth/eie, iiaa?oiaai
/ooeeaeie, ianoe a nia? ye?nio, ? iaia’yceiai e?euee?nio oa?aeoa?enoeee.
Oaeei aeiiaai a?aeiia?aeathoue, cie?aia, iaoiaee eiiaa?n?eii?
aeaeo?iiii? ianaaoa??anueei? niaeo?ineii?? (EAIN) oa iaoaiaoe/iiai
iiaeaethaaiiy, ye? aoee iniiaieie iaoiaeaie aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ae /an
aeeiiaiiy aeaii? ?iaioe.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie . ?iaioa aeeiiaia
a oiae? ?ic?iaee iaoeiaeo i?ia?ai Iaoe?iiaeueii? Aeaaeai?? iaoe Oe?a?ie
oa aeine?aeaeaiue, iia’ycaieo ?c iaoeiaith oaiaoeeith I?i?noa?noaa
ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iniiaiith iaoith aeaii? ?iaioe aoei
aea/aiiy ci?ie o?ce/ieo ia?aiao??a iiaeeo?eiaaieo aiane?aeie
?iieaioaoe?? eaaeeo ? aaaeeeo ?ii?a i?eiiaa?oiaaeo iaiaeii??aeieo oa??a
ai?oaen?eieo oa?eo-a?aiaoiaeo ie?aie iaoiaeaie iaoaiaoe/iiai
iiaeaethaaiiy oa eiiaa?n?eii? aeaeo?iiii? ianaaoa??anueei?
niaeo?ineii??.

I?e i?iaaaeaii? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue ? oai?aoe/ieo
?ic?aooie?a ae??ooaaeenue oae? eiie?aoi? iaoeia? caaea/?:

1.Aea?? oa ?ic?iaea iaoiae?a oai?aoe/iiai ?ic?aooieo i?ioean?a, ye?
a?aeaoaathoueny i?e ?iieaioaoe?? eaaeeo oa aaaeeeo ?ii?a a
ai?oaen?aeuei? ie?aee cae?ci-?o???aiai a?aiaoo.

2.Canoinoaaiiy iaoiae?a iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy aeey ?ic?aooie?a
i?io?e?a ?iieaioaoe??, i?io?e?a ci?uaieo ?ii?a iao?eoe?, aonoeie
eiao?oe??io?a ci?uaiiy, yaea?ieo oa aeaeo?iiieo aia?aaoe/ieo ao?ao,
ia?oeo /ioe?ueio iiiaio?a ?iciiae?eo ?iieaioiaaieo ?ii?a, aonoeie
aoiiieo c?oeiaiue, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue i?ioean ?iiii? ?iieaioaoe?? a
iiiie?enoae?/i? ie?aee Y3Fe5O12/Gd3Ga5O12.

3.?icaeoie iaoiae?a iaoaiaoe/ii? ia?iaee aenia?eiaioaeueieo eiiaa?n?eieo
aeaeo?iiieo ianaaoa??anueeeo niaeo??a cae?ca a?ae C?A- no?oeoo?.

4.Aecia/aiiy oa?aeoa?ieo iniaeeainoae iaoai?cio iiaeeo?eaoe??
i?eiiaa?oiaaiai oa?o o aeiaaeeo ?iieaioaoe?? eaaeeo ? aaaeeeo ?ii?a.

5.Anoaiiaeaiiy aca?iica’yceo ?ic?aoiaaieo ia?aiao??a ?iiii? ?iieaioaoe??
?c e?enoae?/iith ? iaai?oiith no?oeoo?ith i?eiiaa?oiaaeo oa??a
?iieaioiaaieo ie?aie cae?ci-?o???aiai a?aiaoo.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. C aeei?enoaiiyi iaoiaeo
Iiioa-Ea?ei ia iia? OI?O?AI ?ic?iaeaii iaoaiaoe/ia caaacia/aiiy aeey
/enaeueiiai ?ic?aooieo aaee/ei, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue i?ioean
?iieaioaoe?? aoaeue-yeeo ?ii?a a aaaaoieiiiiiaioi? i?oai? ? aeei?enoaii
eiai aeey ?ic?aooieo ia?aiao??a ia?aeiieo ? aoi?eiieo i?ioean?a ?iiii?
?iieaioaoe?? a ai?oaen?ei? ie?aee cae?ci-?o???aiai a?aiaoo.

?ic?aoiaaii ia?o? /ioe?e iiiaioe ?iciiae?eo ?iieaioiaaieo ?ii?a eenith
oa ieo’yeo a C?A. Aia?oa ia iniia? e?euee?nieo oa?aeoa?enoee c?iaeaii
aeeoa?aioe?aoe?th oei?a aia?aaoe/iiai i?eo ii aeeaei? i?e aoiaeaeaii?
?iieaioiaaieo ?ii?a ieo’yeo a iaoa??ae cae?ci-?o???aiai a?aiaoo.

Aia?oa ?ic?aoiaaii:

— i?io?e? ci?uaieo ?ii?a iao?eoe? a i?eiiaa?oiaaiio oa?? Y3Fe5O12 ii ii
eiaeiiio ni?oo cie?aia;

— aaee/eie i?oaei?o oa iai?oaei?o aia?aaoe/ieo ao?ao a ?iieaioiaaiiio
oa?? C?A;

— i?io?e? aaeain?e, ooai?aieo i?ae /an ?iieaioaoe?? ?ii?a O+ oa As+
aea?aieo aia?a?e a C?A;

— e?euee?ni? oa?aeoa?enoeee i?ioeano ?icieeaiiy iiaa?oiaaiai oa?o
iaoa??aeo cae?ci-?o???aiai a?aiaoo i?ae /an ?iieaioaoe?? aea?aieo ni?o?a
?ii?a;

— i?io?eue aonoeie aia?aiaeae?eaiiy a aeaeo?iiio oa yaea?io i?aenenoaie;

— aonoeio aoiiieo c?oeiaiue, yea ia? i?noea i?i ?iieaioaoe?? ?ii?a O+ oa

As+.

?ic?aoiaaii i?io?e? eiioeaio?aoe?? ?iieaioiaaieo ?ii?a oa aeaeyae
iaeiiai ie?aiiai eaneaaeo aoiiieo c?oeiaiue i?e ?? eenith oa ieo’yeo a
C?A. E??i oiai, ia iia? OI?O?AI ?ic?iaeaii i?ia?aiia caaacia/aiiy aeey
a?aeiiaeaiiy ooieoe?? iaaeoiieeo ia?aiao??a ianaaoa??anueeeo niaeo??a ii
iaoiaeo Oanna-?oaa?/a.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.Oai?aoe/i? iaoiaeeee,
?ic?iaeai? a aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? ia iniia? iaoiaeo Iiioa-Ea?ei,
aeicaieythoue io?eiaoe oi/io ? aenia?eiaioaeueii iaaeinooiio
?ioi?iaoe?th i?i aeaoae? aeeneiaoeaieo i?ioean?a, ye? a?aeaoaathoueny
i?ae /an ?? a i?eiiaa?oiaaiio oa?? aaaaoieiiiiiaioieo iaoa??ae?a, a oiio
/ene? cae?ci-?o???aiai a?aiaoo. Eiioeaioe?y aia?aaoe/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee
?iiii? ?iieaioaoe??, yea ?ic?iaeaia a aeai?e ?iaio?, aea? iiaeeea?noue
aeyaeoe aoaeoe aia?aaoe/ieo i?e?a, ?o oei oa eieae?caoe?th ii oiauei?
?iieaioiaaiiai oa?o, ui iiaeeaeth? ?icoi?iiy iaoai?ci?a
aeaoaeoiooai?aiiy o iueiio.

?ic?aooiie oai?aoe/ieo iniia i?ioean?a, ye? ?i?oe?ththoueny ?iiiei
io/eii, aeicaiey? aea?aoe iioeiaeueiee ?aaeei ?iiii? ?iieaioaoe??
?io?aooieiaei oeyoii c iaoith oe?eani?yiiaaii? iiaeeo?eaoe??
o?ceei-o?i?/ieo aeanoeainoae ii?ooaiiai i?eiiaa?oiaaiai oa?o iaoa??aeo.

Ii?aeiaiiy oai?aoe/ieo ?acoeueoao?a iiaeaethaaiiy c ?ioa?i?aoaoe??th
aenia?eiaioaeueieo EAI niaeo??a aeyaeee iniaeeaino? aieeao ?iiii?
?iieaioaoe?? ia iiaeeo?eaoe?th iaai?oii? i?e?ino?oeoo?e i?eiiaa?oiaaiai
oa?o Y3Fe5O12/Gd3Ga5O12.

Ca /an aeeiiaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeey io?eiaiiy /enaeueieo
?acoeueoao?a iiaeaethaaiiy ?? oa ?ic?aooieo eiiaa?n?eieo aeaeo?iiieo
ianaaoa??anueeeo niaeo??a ?ic?iaeaii eiiieaen i?ia?ai, ye? iiaeia
aeei?enoiaoaaoe aeey ?ic?aooieo iio??aieo aaee/ei aeey aoaeue-yeeo
iaoa??ae?a aeia?eueiiai neeaaeo.

Iieiaeaiiy, ye? aeiinyoueny ia caoeno.

1.Iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo ia iniia? iaoiaeo Iiioa-Ea?ei iniiaieo
e?euee?nieo aaee/ei, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue i?ioean ?iiii? ?iieaioaoe?? a
i?oai? aaaaoieiiiiiaioiiai neeaaeo.

2. I?e ia?aaeuaii? e?eoe/ieo cia/aiue oaeeo ia?aiao??a, ye aonoeie
aia?aiaeae?eaiiy, aonoeie e?i?eiiai eiao?oe??ioo ci?uaiiy, aonoeie
aoiiieo c?oeiaiue i?e oiia?, ui iana ?iieaioiaaiiai ?iio ? a?eueoith
a?ae iane ie?aieo aoii?a i?oai?, iiaeia iaeiicia/ii noaa?aeaeoaaoe i?i
iayai?noue aia?aaoe/ieo i?e?a o i?eiiaa?oiaaiio oa?? ie?aee a i?ioean?
?iiii? ?iieaioaoe??.

3. I?e ?iieaioaoe?? ?ii?a ieo’yeo c aia?a??th 60 keV o cae?ci-?o???aee
a?aiao aii?o?caoe?y i?eiiaa?oiaaiai oa?o a?aeaoaa?oueny ca ?aooiie
iayaiino? aia?aaoe/ieo i?e?a o?ueio oei?a: ?ii?caoe?eiiai, oaieiaiai oa
i?eo ci?uaiue, ye? ? a?aeiia?aeaeueieie ca iioeiaeaeaiiy e?enoae?/ii?
a?aoee, i?e/iio ae?y eiaeiiai c i?e?a ? aeii?ioth/ith ia oa?aeoa?i?e
aeey iueiai aeeaei?: ?ii?caoe?eiiai i?eo – a i?eiiaa?oiaaiio oa??
oiaueiith 10 ii; i?eo ci?uaiue – a?ae 8 aei 25 ii; oaieiaiai i?eo – aei
60 ii, oiaoi ii an?e aeeaei? ?iieaioiaaiiai oa?o.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Ieaioaaiiy iaoiae?a ?ica’ycaiiy iinoaaeaii?
caaea/?; iaoeiaa iaa?oiooaaiiy aea?aieo iaoiae?a oa ia’?eo?a
aeine?aeaeaiiy.

?ic?iaea eiiieaeno iaoaiaoe/ieo i?ia?ai ii iaoiaeeoe? ?ic?aooieo
ia?aiao??a ia?aeiieo ? aoi?eiieo i?ioean?a ?iiii? ?iieaioaoe?? a
cae?ci-?o???aee a?aiao; ?ic?iaea i?aeoiae?a oa aeai?eoi?a ?ic?aooieo
aenia?eiaioaeueieo eiiaa?n?eieo aeaeo?iiieo ianaaoa??anueeeo niaeo??a oa
?ic?aooiie ooieoe?e aonoeie ?iciiae?eo ia?aiao??a iaaeoiiei? aca?iiae??.

I?iaaaeaiiy /enaeueieo ?ic?aooie?a, aiae?c io?eiaieo oai?aoe/ieo oa
aenia?eiaioaeueieo ?acoeueoao?a oa noai?aiiy ocaaaeueithth/eo
oai?aoe/ieo iiaeaeae.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe
iaaiai?thaaeeny oa aeiiia?aeaeeny ia iaoeiaeo nai?ia?ao, oeieao,
eiioa?aioe?yo, a oiio /ene? ia ??? I?aeia?iaei?e ia?aae? ii
yaea?ii-niaeo?ineii?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo iaaeoiieeo aca?iiae?e
(Aeia-Aoa, 1989); Ananithci?e oeie?-nai?ia?? “Ni?i-oaeeueiaa aeaeo?ii?ea
IA*” (Euea?a, 1989); ? I?aeia?iaeiiio neiiic?oi? “O?ceei-o?i?/ia
iaoai?ea eiiiiceoe?eieo iaoa??ae?a” (?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1993); ?V
I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? “O?ceea ? oaoiieia?y oiieeo ie?aie”
(?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1997); ?? I?aeia?iaei?e oeie?-eiioa?aioe?? ”
Physical problem in material science of semiconductors” (*a?i?aoe?,
1997); I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? “INTAS — UCRAINE WORKSHOP on
Condensed Matter Physics” (Euea?a, 1998).

Ioae?eaoe??. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii a 18 ioae?eaoe?yo, a
oiio /ene? a 7 noaooyo a iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao ? a 2 noaooyo a ca??ieeao
iaoeiaeo i?aoeue .

No?oeoo?a oa ia’?i ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny ?c ?c
anooio, 4 ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a oa nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae. Ianya
aeena?oaoe?? 145 noi??iie. Aeena?oaoe?y i?noeoue 53 ?enoiee, 7
oaaeeoeue oa 155 a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo aeaea?ae.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE.

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue oaie, noi?ioeueiaaii iaoo ?
caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy, a?aecia/aii iaoeiao iiaecio ? i?aeoe/io
oe?ii?noue iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a, i?eaaaeaii iieiaeaiiy, ye?
aeiinyoueny ia caoeno.

Ia?oee ?icae?e i?noeoue aiae?oe/iee iaeyae e?oa?aoo?e, yeee aena?oeth?
oai?aoe/i? ? aenia?eiaioaeuei? aniaeoe aeine?aeaeoaaii? oaiaoeee o
a?o/eciyi?e oa ca?oa?aei?e iaoeia?e e?oa?aoo??. ?icaeyiooi e?enoae?/io
oa iaai?oio no?oeoo?o ai?oaen?eieo ie?aie C?A oa iiaeeo?eaoe?th
aeanoeainoae i?eiiaa?oiaaiai oa?o aiane?aeie ?iieaioaoe?? ??cieie
ni?oaie ?ii?a. ?nio? o?niee ca’ycie i?ae iiaeeo?eaoe??th aeanoeainoae ?
i?e?ino?oeoo?ieie ia?aoai?aiiyie a i?eiiaa?oiaaeo oa?ao, oiio ia?
aaeeea cia/aiiy aea/aiiy ? ?icoi?iiy aieeao o?ce/ieo i?ioean?a,
aeeeeeaieo ?iieaioaoe??th, ia aeanoeaino? i?eiiaa?oiaaiai oa?o ? ie?aee
C?A. I?e aeinyaiaii? e?eoe/ieo aeic ?iieaioiaaieo ?ii?a
niinoa??aa?oueny aii?o?caoe?y i?eiiaa?oiaaiai oa?o. Ia aeeaey/enue ia
aaeeeo e?euee?noue aeine?aeaeaiue a oe?e aaeoc?, eiie?aoi? iaoai?cie
oeeo yaeu aei oeeo i?? caeeoathoueny ia cian?i c?icoi?eeie, a oiio iaia?
caaaeueii? oai??? aii?o?caoe?? i?e ?? aaaaoiaeaiaioieo e?enoae?a.
Nooi?iue ? oa?aeoa? iioeiaeaeaiue caeaaeeoue a?ae aaaaoueio ia?aiao??a.
Eeaneo?eaoe?th oeeo ci?i ? ?o oi/io i?e?iaeo anoaiiaeoe a caaaeueiiio
aeiaaeeo iaiiaeeeai, oiio a e?oa?aoo?? iaaiaeyoueny oa?aeoa?enoeee
iioeiaeaeaiiai oa?o aeey eiaeiiai eiie?aoiiai ?aaeeio ?? ? c’yniaothoue
aeii?ioth/? iaoai?cie.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui i?e ii?ii?iaii? iaoa??aeo iao?eoe? eaaeeie ?iiaie i?e
iaaaeeeeo aeicao ( <1015 ni-2 ) ooai?ththoueny oi/eia? aeaoaeoe, ye? aca?iiae?thoue i?ae niaith. ?iieaioiaai? ?iie ? noai?ai? ieie aeaoaeoe aeeeeeathoue iaoai?/i? iai?oae a e?enoae?/i?e a?aooe? C?A. C iaai?ii aeice aonoeia ?aae?aoe?eieo aeaoaeo?a ? ?o aca?iiae?y c?inoa?, aiane?aeie /iai ooai?ththoueny ie?ai? aii?oi? iaeano?. Aaiethoe?y oa ceeooy ie?aieo aii?oieo iaeanoae coiiaeth? iiaio aii?o?caoe?th i?eiiaa?oiaaiai oa?o. I?e ?iieaioaoe?? aaaeeeo ?ii?a ?icaeyaeathoue eaneaaee c?oeiaiue aeniei? aonoeie, aai aia?aaoe/i? i?ee. A e?oa?aoo?? iaia? ?aeeiiai e?eoa??th aeey aecia/aiiy ae?? aia?aaoe/ieo i?e?a. I?eeiyoi aaaaeaoe, ui i?e ?? aaaeeeie ?iiaie aii?o?caoe?y a?aeaoaa?oueny ca ?aooiie oaea??a ie?aieo ?ii?a, a ?iiiee o?ae ioi/aiee iiai?noth aii?oiith ciiith. C iaai?ii aeice aonoeia oaeeo cii c?inoa?, aiie ia’?aeiothoueny ? ooai?ththoue nooe?eueiee i?eiiaa?oiaaee aii?oiee oa?. Aei oaia??oiueiai /ano ia ?nio? ?aeeiiai i?aeoiaeo aei i?iaeaie iiaeaethaaiiy ?iiii? ?iieaioaoe??. ??ci? oai?aoe/i? i?aeoiaee aei oe??? i?iaeaie aacothoueny ia iiaeaethaaii? iaeeie/iiai eaneaaeo aoiiieo c?oeiaiue ia iniia? o?ueio ??cieo iaoiae?a: 1) iaoiaeo iieaeoey?ii? aeeiai?ee; 2)iaoiaeo ia iniia? e?iaoe/iiai ??aiyiiy Aieueoeiaia; 3) iaoiaeo Iiioa-Ea?ei. Iaoiae Iiioa-Ea?ei aeei?enoiaothoue aeey i?yii? iiaoaeiae ?iciiae?eo i?ia?a?a ? aeaoaeo?a ye aeey aii?oieo, oae ? aeey e?enoae?/ieo iaoa??ae?a. Ia?aaaaith iaoiaeo ? oa, ui a?i aea? iiaeeea?noue a?ae?aco io?eiaoe ooeaiee ?iciiae?e, oi/i?oa a?aooaaoe i?oaei? ? iai?oaei? ao?aoe aia?a?? oa aoaeoe ?icieeaiiy iiaa?oi?. A iaoeia?e e?oa?aoo?? i?aeoe/ii a?aenooi? iiaeaeuei? ?ic?aooiee ia?aiao??a ??, cae?eniai? aaciina?aaeiuei aeey cae?ci-?o???aiai a?aiaoo a oaeiae ?o io??aiyiiy c aenia?eiaioii, ui ?iaeoue oeth i?iaeaio aeooaeueiith. Ae?oaee ?icae?e i?noeoue ei?ioeo oa?aeoa?enoeeo ia’?eo?a ? iaoiae?a oai?aoe/iiai oa aenia?eiaioaeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeo?aeieie c?aceaie aoee ianii?oeciaai? iaoiaeaie ?aioaaiino?oeoo?iiai aiae?co oa ?aca?oi?ae?anueeiai cai?ioiueiai ?icn?thaaiiy ?ii?a iiiie?enoae?/i? ie?aee Y3Fe5O12, caaaa/ai? aei 10 aaa. % ?cioiiii Fe57, ae?iuai? iaoiaeii ??aeeioacii? ai?oaen?? ia iaiaai?oi?e i?aeeeaaeoe? Gd3Ga5O12 oiaueiith 500 iei. Ie?aee oiaueiith 2.82 iei ?iieaiooaaeeny ?iiaie eenith c aia?a??th 90 eaA ? aeicaie: 6.1013, 2.1014, 4.1014, 1.1015, 1.1016 ni-2. Ie?aee oiaueiith 10.2 iei ?iieaiooaaeeny ?iiaie ieo’yeo c aia?a??th 60 eaA ? aeicaie 8 .1012, 2.1013, 4.1013, 8.1013, 2.1014, 4.1014, 8.1014, 2.1015, 6.1015, 1.1016, 1.5.1016 ni-2 a aaiiao???, yea aeeeth/aea aoaeoe eaiaethaaiiy. Eiiaa?n?ei? aeaeo?iii? ianaaoa??anuee? niaeo?e (EAIN) cae?ca aeo?aeieo oa ?iieaioiaaieo c?ace?a ioeiaii i?e e?iiaoi?e oaiia?aoo?? a ?aaeei? iino?eiiai i?enei?aiiy ia oeiiaiio niaeo?iiao?? ssA?N-4I c aiae?caoi?ii ?iioeuen?a OII-4096. Aeaea?aeii aaia-aei?ii?ithaaiiy neoaeea 57Ni a o?iiia?e iao?eoe? aeoeai?noth 70 mCu. Iaoaiaoe/ia ia?iaea aenia?eiaioaeueieo EAIN cae?ca i?iaiaeeeanue a aeaa aoaie. Ia ia?oiio aoai? aenia?eiaioaeueiee niaeo? ?iceeaaeaany ia ia?oe?aeuei? i?aeniaeo?e ? aecia/aeeny ?o ia?aiao?e. Iiaeaeue aeey ?icoeo?iaee aeae?aeany ca?aeii ai??i?ii? ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i e?enoae?/io oa iaai?oio no?oeoo?o Y3Fe5O12. Ia ae?oaiio aoai? i?iaiaeeeanue ?anoaa?aoe?y ooieoe?? aonoeie ?iciiae?eo iaai?oieo iie?a ia yae?ao Fe57 iaoiaeii Oanna-?oaa?/a ii aenia?eiaioaeueieo niaeo?ao c?ace?a, ?iieaioiaaieo ?iiaie As+. Iiaeaethaaiiy i?ioeano ?? a oa?eo-a?aiaoia? no?oeoo?e cae?eniaii ia iniia? iaoiaeo Iiioa-Ea?ei. Aeey iioaioe?aeo i?aeaoiiii? aca?iiae?? aea?aii iioaioe?ae Oiiana-Oa?i? c aiae?oe/iei iaaeeaeaiiyi a oi?i? Iieue??. ssaea?i? oa aeaeo?iii? ao?aoe ?icaeyaeaeeny ye iacaeaaei?, a c?oeiaiiy ?ii?a – a?ia?ieie. Aeaeo?iii? ao?aoe aia?a?? a?aoiaoaaeeny ca aeiiiiiaith oi?ioee O=LNS(E), aea L – a?aenoaiue i?ae aeaiia iine?aeiaieie c?oeiaiiyie, N – aoiiia aonoeia i?oai?, S(A) – ia?a??c aeaeo?iiiiai aaeueioaaiiy, aeey ia/eneaiiy yeiai aeei?enoaii iiaeaeue E?iaeoa?aea-Oa?oa: S(E)=kE0.5 . Eoo ?icn?thaaiiy a nenoai? oeaio?a ian ye ooieoe?y i?eoe?eueiiai ia?aiao?o ? aia?a?? A ?ic?aoiaaii ia iniia? ai?ieneiaoe?? i?aeaoiiiiai iioaioe?aeo noaiaiaaeie ae?acaie ?c ci?iiei iieacieeii n, yeee ? ooieoe??th aia?a??: n(e)=1+4exp(-1.9e-0.1). C iaoith ciaioaiiy cao?ao iaoeiiiai /ano ia ?ic?aooiee i?iaiaeeany a?aea?? c?oeiaiue ii aaee/ei? i?eoe?eueiiai ia?aiao?o c aeei?enoaiiyi iaaeeaeaiiy “eaoano?io?/ieo” c?oeiaiue: yeui b/a >(6/0.3-1) i?e <400, oi aeinoaoiuei a?aooaaoe eeoa aeaeo?iiia aaeueioaaiiy. Ooo b/a - i?eaaaeaiee i?eoe?eueiee ia?aiao?, – i?eaaaeaia aia?a?y. E?enoae?/ia no?oeoo?a i?oai? ia a?aoiaoaaeany, ui i?e iao?e aaiiao??? ?? ? oe?eeii ii?aaaeaiei. I?e iecueeeo aia?a?yo a?eueiee i?ia?a L=N1/3 noa? ei?iooei ia aaee/eio, yea a a?aoiao?oueny oae caaiei “/aniaei ?ioaa?aeii” , aeey ?ic?aooieo yeiai aeei?enoaii iiaeaeue “oaa?aeeo noa?”. A ?acoeueoao? ?ic?aooie?a, i?iaaaeaieo ca aeiiiiiaith ?ic?iaeaii? i?ia?aie, aoei io?eiaii ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i aeaoae? i?ioean?a ?icn?thaaiiy, ye? iathoue i?noea a eaneaaeao aoiiieo c?oeiaiue, i?i ?iciiae?e eiioeaio?aoe?? ?iieaioiaaii? aeii?oee oa ci?uaieo aoii?a iao?eoe? ii eiaeiiio ni?oo cie?aia, i?i ia’?i eaneaae?a aoiiieo c?oeiaiue oa aia?aaoe/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee i?oaei?o ? iai?oaei?o ao?ao aia?a??. Ia iniia? a?noia?ai ?ic?aoiaaii ia?o? /ioe?e iiiaioe ?iciiae?eo: na?aaei?e i?iaeoeaiee i?ia?a Rp , Rp, aneiao??th S oa neioai?noue K. Oanooaaiiy i?ia?aie cae?eniaii i?e ?ic?aooieao a?aeiieo eiia?iaoe?e ?ii-i?oaiue, a naia aeey ?iieaioaoe?? ai?o a e?aii?e. O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? aeeeaaeaii oai?aoe/i? ?acoeueoaoe ii aeine?aeaeaiith aieeao ?iieaioaoe?? ?ii?a I+ oa As+ ia iaoai?ci aeaoaeoiooai?aiiy oa oi?ioaaiiy aii?oiiai i?eiiaa?oiaaiai oa?o C?A, ?ic?aoiaai? ia iniia? iaoiaeo Iiioa-Ea?ei. ?iie eenith aea?aii aeey ?iieaioaoe?? ?c oaeeo ai??i?ieo i??eoaaiue. Ine?eueee iana eenith ? a?aeiinii iaaaeeeith, oi i?aaaethth/ei iaoai?ciii aeaoaeoiooai?aiiy i?e ?? eenith a C?A aoaeooue a?ia?i? c?oeiaiiy, ye? aaaeooue a iniiaiiio aei ooai?aiiy oi/eiaeo aeaoaeo?a aai ?o eiiieaen?a. Aiane?aeie aeecueeino? ian ?iieaioiaaiiai ?iio oa aoii?a ai?iiii? i?aea?aoee C?A i/?eo?oueny ?? naeaeoeaia ?oeioaaiiy. Aeiaeaoeiaee ?ioa?an i?aaenoaaey? ?? eeniai oiio, ui iaoiaee neioaco ie?aie C?A ? i?e/eiith ca?aeiaiiy i?eiiaa?oiaaiai oa?o naia oeei aeaiaioii. Cian?i ?io? aoaeoe ia?aaeaa/athoueny o aeiaaeeo ?? ieo’yeo, yeee ? aaaeeei aeaiaioii ii a?aeiioaiith aei aoii?a i?oai?. Aiae?c yaea?ieo ao?ao aia?a?? na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui i?e ?? eenith aeaoaeoiooai?aiiy iaea?eueo ?ioaineaii i?ioiaeeoue a oa?? oiaueiith 60 ii, yeee i?noeoueny ia a?aenoai? 70 ii a?ae iiaa?oi? c?acea. Noia?ia aia?a?y, yea aeo?a/a?oueny ia aaia?aoe?th iioeiaeaeaiue noaiiaeoue aeecueei 53%, a oiaueia ii?ooaiiai oa?o ??aia aeecueei 300ii. O aeiaaeeo ?? ieo’yeo iaea?eueo aoaeoeaii ooai?ththoueny aeaoaeoe ia iiaa?oi? a oa?? oiaueiith 10 ii, ? ia ieo aeo?a/a?oueny 88% aia?a??. Oiaueia ii?ooaiiai oa?o noaiiaeoue 60 ii. I?io?e? ?iieaioiaaiiai eenith oa ci?uaieo iei ?ii?a iao?eoe? oa?aeoa?ecothoueny oaeeie ia?aiao?aie: Rp=144ii, Rp=56ii, Rpci?u=105ii, Rpci?u=48ii. Anoaiiaeaii, ui iaeei ?iieaioiaaiee ?ii eenith ci?uo? aeecueei 740 ?ii?a C?A. Ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ci?uaieo ?ii?a ii ni?oao a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae noao?iiao?e/iiai ? noaiiaeoue 3:5.2:12.8, oiaoi a?aeaoaa?oueny naeaeoeaia ?oeioaaiiy ai?iiii? i?aea?aoee. ?ic?aoiaaiee i?io?eue ?iieaioiaaiiai ieo’yeo ia? oae? ia?aiao?e: Rp=24ii, Rp=10.5ii, a i?io?eue ci?uaieo ?ii?a iao?eoe? ciaoiaeeoueny aeeae/a aei iiaa?oi? : Rpci?u=19ii, Rpci?u=11ii. E?euee?noue ci?uaieo iaeiei ?iieaioiaaiei ?iiii As+ aoii?a iao?eoe? aeecueei 1000, a ?o ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ii ni?oao ??aia 2.8: 5.3:11.9, oiaoi i?e ?? ieo’yeo iaeoaeaeoa ?oeio?oueny i?aea?aoea cae?ca. ?ic?aoiaai? i?io?e? ?iieaioaoe?? eenith oa ieo’yeo ei?aeththoue ?c i?io?eyie, io?eiaieie aenia?eiaioaeueii ca aeiiiiiaith aoi?eiii? ?iiii? ian-niaeo?iiao???. Iniaeeaino? i?io?eaiiy i?ioean?a ?? i?e ii?ii?iaii? ie?aie C?A ?iiaie I+ oa As+ ciaoiaeyoue nai? a?aeia?aaeaiiy o iaoai?ciao oi?ioaaiiy aii?oieo i?eiiaa?oiaaeo oa??a. Nai oa?i?i “aii?oiee oa?” a aeaiiio aeiaaeeo o?aaa ooi/ieoe. I?eeiyoi aaaaeaoe, ui oaeei oa?ii ? ?icaii?yaeeiaaiee a e?enoae?/iiio a?aeiioaii? i?eiiaa?oiaaee oa?, yeee ooai?th?oueny ii aeinyaiaii? e?eoe/ieo aeic ??. A?aeiii, ui a aii?oiiio iaoa??ae? caa??aa?oueny aeeaei?e ii?yaeie ? oiio iaeaea an? ca’ycee ? iane/aieie, a a ii?ooaiiio aiane?aeie ?iiii? ?iieaioaoe?? oa?? iaoa??ae ? ?a/iaeiith c aaeeeith e?euee?noth ia??aaieo ca’yce?a ca ?aooiie aeniei? eiioeaio?aoe?? eeanoa??a ?c aaeain?e. Oea oaeiae na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui ?iiia ?iieaioaoe?y aea? iiaeeea?noue noi?ioaaoe i?eiiaa?oiaaee aii?o?ciaaiee oa? c aeanoeainoyie, ye? ia iiaeia aeinyaiooe ?ioeie iaoiaeaie. I?e aoiaeaeaii? a iaoa??ae iao?eoe? oaeiai aaaeeiai aeaiaioo, yeei ? ieo’ye, canoinoaaiiy e?i?eii? eaneaaeii? oai??? aeey iieno aeaoaeoiooai?aiiy iaiiaeeeaa. A oeueiio aeiaaeeo aecia/aeueieie a ?oeioaaii? e?enoae?/ii? ? iaai?oii? no?oeoo?e C?A ? i?ioeane i?oaeiueiai ?icn?thaaiiy ia aoiiao iao?eoe? c aenieith aonoeiith aia?aiaeae?eaiiy, ye? aeathoue i?aenoaao i?eionoeoe iayai?noue aia?aaoe/ieo i?e?a iaaiiai oeio, ye? niinoa??aathoueny i?e aeeiiaii? iaiao?aeieo aeey ?o ?nioaaiiy oiia. Aeae?eaiiy iaaiiai oeio aia?aaoe/iiai i?eo ? i?iaeaiaoe/iei /a?ac oa, ui caeaaei?noue ii?iao i?eo a?ae aia?a?? oa ii?yaeeiaeo iiia??a aoii?a aeey an?o iiaeaeae i?e?a ? iiae?aiith. Aeey e?euee?nii? oa?aeoa?enoeee i?ioean?a ?? a aaaaoieiiiiiaioi? i?oai?, cie?aia C?A, ? aeey iiaeeeaino? ii??aiyiiy aoaeo?a ?iieaioaoe?? ??cieie ni?oaie ?ii?a a ?iaio? ?ic?iaeaii eiioeaioe?th aia?aaoe/ieo oa?aeoa?ee ?iiii? ?iieaioaoe??, aaaaeaii iiiyooy e?i?eii? aonoeie eiao?oe??io?a ci?uaiiy ? aonoeie aoiiieo c?oeiaiue, aaee/eia yeeo a ii?aeiaii? c ii?yaeeiaei iiia?ii ?iieaioiaaiiai aeaiaioo aeaee iiaeeea?noue ?aeaioeo?eoaaoe aoaeoe aia?aaoe/ieo i?e?a. Aaee/eiith, yea oa?aeoa?eco? ??aaiue iioeiaeaeaiue i?eiiaa?oiaaiai oa?o, ? aonoeia aoiiieo c?oeiaiue n=Dw/h, aea D-aeica ??, w- e?euee?noue c?oeiaiue iaeiiai ?iieaioiaaiiai ?iio aei coieiee, h- oiaueia ii?ooaiiai oa?o. Ii??aiyiiy ?ic?aoiaaii? aonoeie aoiiieo c?oeiaiue n c aoiiiith aonoeiith a?aiaoo ( 8.4.1022 ?ii/ni3) iieaco?, ui i?e ?? I+ o?eueee iaea?eueoa aeica 1.1016 ni-2 coiiaeth? cia/aiiy n =3.0.1023 ?ii/ni3, yea ? a?eueoei a?ae aoiiii? aonoeie a?aiaoo. Ia i?ioeaaao oeueiio, i?e ?? As+ aaea i?e aeic? 4.1013 ?ii/ni2 aaee/eia n=6.7.1022 ?ii/ni3, a i?e aeicao, a?eueoeo 2.1014 ?ii/ni2 n cia/ii ia?aaeuo? aoiiio aonoeio C?A. Oaea aaeeea aonoeia c?oeiaiue o aeiaaeeo ?? ieo’yeo o ii?aeiaii? ?c aaeeeei aoiiiei iiia?ii As ? aeyaii ??ceiai c?inoaiiy ia?a??co aoiiieo c?oeiaiue, a ?acoeueoao? /iai a i?eiiaa?oiaaiio oa?? ?icaeaathoueny aia?aaoe/i? i?ee. Ae?oaith oa?aeoa?iith aaee/eiith ? e?i?eia aonoeia eiao?oe??io?a ci?uaiiy Wh , yea noaiiaeoue 3 ?ii/ii (I+) oa 16 ?ii/ii (As+), oiaoi i?e ?? As+ Wh ? aeecueeith aei e?i?eii? aonoeie aoii?a C?A. Iao? ?ic?aooiee iieacothoue, ui i?e oeueiio a?aeaoaathoueny ye?ni? ci?ie . Oae? eaneaaee aoiiieo c?oeiaiue oaea ia iiaeia aaaaeaoe e?i?eieie, a ieo i?iyaeythoueny eieaeoeai? aoaeoe, oiaoi ianooiathoue aia?aaoe/i? i?ee. I?e ?? As+ eiioeaio?aoe?y ci?uaieo aoii?a iao?eoe? ia aeeaei? a?ae 8 ii aei 25 ii ia?aaeuo? e?eoe/ia cia/aiiy (10% ii Naainiio), oiaoi a oeueiio oa?? aeeiiothoueny oiiae aeey ?nioaaiiy i?eo ci?uaiue. Aaaeeeaith aia?aaoe/iith oa?aeoa?enoeeith ?? ? na?aaeiy aonoeia aia?a?? , aeae?eaia ia 1 aoii iao?eoe? a ia’?i? eaneaaeo: =A/, aea -na?aaei?e ia’?i eaneaaeo. Ia ?en.1 iieacaii i?io?e? aonoeie aia?aiaeae?eaiiy a yaea?io ? aeaeo?iiio i?aenenoaie C?A aeey aeiaaeeo ?? As+ c aia?a??th 60 eaA. A i?eiiaa?oiaaiio oa?? aeey aeaeo?iiieo ao?ao ia?aaeuo? e?eoe/ia cia/aiiy (ii?yaeeo 1aA) ? i?eaiaeeoue aei ?icaeoeo i?eiiaa?oiaaiai ?ii?caoe?eiiai i?eo, yeee i?inoyaa?oueny ia aeeaeio aei 10ii. Ioaea, ia iniia? i?iaaaeaieo iaoiaeii Iiioa-Ea?ei ?ic?aooie?a ie io?eiaee iiaeeea?noue aeae?eeoe ae?th ??cieo aia?aaoe/ieo i?e?a oa eieae?coaaoe ?o ii aeeaei? ?iieaioiaaiiai oa?o. ?en.1 I?io?eue aonoeie aia?aiaeae?eaiiy (z) acaeiaae o?a?eoi??? ia?aeiiiai ?iio a yaea?io (----) oa aeaeo?iiio (___) i?aenenoaie ie?aee C?A i?e ?? As+ c aia?a??th 60 eaA. O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? aeeeaaeaii ?acoeueoaoe ianaaoa??anueeeo aeine?aeaeaiue iaaeoiieeo aca?iiae?e (IOA) a Y3Fe5O12. Iniaeeaino? aaeueioaaiiy ?iieaioiaaii? /anoeiee a C?A i?iyaeythoueny a ci?i? e?enoae?/ii? oa iaai?oii? i?e?ino?oeoo?e ii?ooaiiai i?eiiaa?oiaaiai oa?o, aeyaeoe yeo iiaeia ii ci?iao oi?ie ? ia?aiao??a EAI niaeo?o c?acea. Ine?eueee a aeai?e ?iaio? aeine?aeaeoaaiei iaoa??aeii aoa C?A, oi aeey ei?aeoii? ioe?iee oiaueie ?ioi?iaoeaiiai oa?o naia oeueiai iaoa??aeo aoee ?ic?aoiaai? aaaia? ooieoe?? aeey a?aiaoo, ye? aeei?enoiaothoueny aeey ioe?iee na?aaeiueiai /enea ca?a?no?iaaieo aeaeo?ii?a eiiaa?n?? ia iaeei aeo ?aciiainiiai ?icn?thaaiiy ia aeeaei? o ii iiaeae? iaia?a?aiiai ?icn?thaaiiy: picscalex100010009000003840100000200150000000000050000000902000000000400 000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500 00000b0200000000050000000c02c004e00a1200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000 0000c0ffffffa3ffffffa00a0000630400000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065 0000000115000000fb0220ff0000000000009001000000000402001054696d6573204e65 7720526f6d616e000067040000002d01000008000000320a14026f0a010000002c000800 0000320a6004e80401000000300008000000320a14021208010000002c0015000000fb02 80fe0000000000009001000000000402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e000067 040000002d01010004000000f001000008000000320ac0026f0801000000290008000000 320ac002c00601000000280008000000320ac002b00201000000290008000000320ac002 600101000000280015000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000000402001054696d65 73204e657720526f6d616e000067040000002d01000004000000f001010008000000320a c002f90802000000647808000000320ac0025c0701000000780008000000320ac002cb05 01000000500008000000320ac002fc0101000000780008000000320ac002160001000000 550015000000fb0220ff0000000000009001010000000402001054696d6573204e657720 526f6d616e000067040000002d01010004000000f001000008000000320a0801f3040100 0000780010000000fb02c0fd0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002 040000002d01000004000000f001010008000000320a4a03d20401000000f20010000000 fb0280fe0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d010100 04000000f001000008000000320ac0029403010000003d000a00000026060f000a00ffff ffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374 656d00cc040000002d01000004000000f0010100030000000000, aea ?(o) - ?iia??i?noue aeoiaeo aeaeo?iio eiiaa?n?? ?c aeeaeie o. Ca?aeii i?iaaaeaiiai ?ic?aooieo, iniiaiee aeeaae ( 98%) o EAI niaeo? C?A aeathoue aeaeo?iie, ui aeoiaeyoue c aeeaeie aei 150ii. ?iiia ?iieaioaoe?y eeniai. I?e ?? I+ aeicaie, iaioeie 6.1013ni-2 iaeiie/aiiy ?aae?aoe?eieo aeaoaeo?a aaaea aei eiaa?aioiiai ci?uaiiy aoii?a e?enoae?/ii? a?aoee c iieiaeaiue ??aiiaaae, ui i?iyaey?oueny o c?inoaii? noaei? a?aoee. Naenoeieao, yeee a?aeiia?aea? d-i?aea?aooe? Fe57, ?icuaieth?oueny ia aeaa ? iiyaey?oueny ia?aiaai?oia oaca. Iaai?oia aii?yaeeoaaiiy /anoeiai cieea? aiane?aeie niioai?aiiy aaiiao??? iaaeiai?iii? aca?iiae?? a eaioethaeeo Fea3+- O2-- Fed3+, eiai ?ic?eao oa ca?eueoaiiy a?aeaeae? i?ae iaai?oieie ?iiaie aiane?aeie aeaoi?iaoe?? a?aoee. Iaeneiaeueia ?oeioaaiiy e?enoae?/ii? a?aoee, ca?aeii ?ic?aooieo, ia? i?noea ia aeeaei? ii?yaeeo 100ii, ? oea aeicaiey? noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui ca?iaeaeaiiy ia?aiaai?oii? oace a?aeaoaa?oue ia oeeo aea aeeaeiao. Ca?eueoaiiy aeice ?? aei 2.1014ni-2 ni?e/eiy? ??no ia?aiaai?oii? oace ca ?aooiie iaeiie/aiiy ie?aieo ia?aiaai?oieo iaeanoae, i?e/iio a?aoea C?A caeeoa?oueny a neeueiiaeaoaeoiiio, aea e?enoae?/iiio noai?. Iiaeaeueoa c?inoaiiy aeice aei 4.1014ni-2 ni?e/eith? aii?o?caoe?th i?eiiaa?oiaaiai ii?ooaiiai oa?o, cieeiaiiy iaai?oiiai aii?yaeeoaaiiy ? ??ceiai ?inoo ?ioaineaiino? aeoaeaoo EAIN cae?ca, ui a?aeiia?aea? ia?aiaai?oi?e oac? (?en.2). ?? eiioeaio?aoe?y noa? ni?ai??iith c iaai?oiith neeaaeiaith ?, i/aaeaeii, aiia ?iciianthaeaeo?oueny ?c iaeano? naiai ca?iaeaeaiiy ye aei iiaa?oi? ie?aee, oae ? a aeeaeio. Ooai?aiiy ia?aiaai?oii? oace a?aeaoaa?oueny ca aeaiia iaoai?ciaie: 1) niioai?aiiy ? ?oeioaaiiy e?enoae?/ii? a?aoee; 2) cia/ii? aeaoi?iaoe?? e?enoae?/ii? a?aoee, yea ci?ith? eoo ? ca?eueoo? a?aeaeaeue iaaeiai?iii? aca?iiae??. I?e aeic? 1.1015 ni-2 ia?aiaai?oia oaca oaeoe/ii iioe?th?oueny ia iiaa?oiaaee oa? oiaueiith 150-160ii, a caeeoeiaa iaai?oiaii?yaeeiaaia neeaaeiaa EAIN cae?ca oi?io?oueny eiiaa?n?eieie aeaeo?iiaie, ui aeoiaeyoue ?c ieae/acaeyaath/i? /anoeie ie?aee. I?e ?? eenith niinoa??aa?oueny naeaeoeaia ?oeioaaiiy iaai?oieo i?aea?aoie a?aiaoiai? no?oeoo?e. A?eueoiai ?oeioaaiiy cacia? ieoa-i?aea?aoea cae?ca. I?e aeic? 1.1016ni-2 aanue iiaa?oiaaee oa? oiaueiith ii?yaeeo 200ii ? i?aeoe/ii iiai?noth aii?o?ciaaiei, ui ei?aeth? c ?ic?aoiaaieie iaoiaeii Iiioa-Ea?ei i?io?eyie ?iieaioiaaiiai eenith oa noai?aieo iei aeaoaeo?a. EAIN cae?ca aeey oe??? aeice neeaaea?oueny ?c aeaio aeoaeao?a c /?oei ?icianaieie ?en.2. Caeaaei?noue a?aeiinii? ?ioaineaiino? ia?aiaai?oii? neeaaeiai? EAI niaeo??a C?A a?ae aeice ?iieaioiaaieo ?ii?a eenith. e?i?yie, ye? ie iiynith?ii iiyaith ?ii?a cae?ca aaeaioi?noth 2. Oea i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny ? aeine?aeaeaiiyi iaoai?cio oi?ioaaiiy aoaeoeaieo iaai?oieo iie?a oa ?ciia?iiai cnoao ia yae?ao Fe57 a C?A. ?? ii?iaeaeo? aioo??oi? iai?oae . Aeey aeic, iaioeo 1014 ni-2 aeey iaai?oiiai iiey io?eiaii oae? cia/aiiy aa?e/ieo eiao?oe??io?a: picscalex100010009000003c10100000300150000000000050000000902000000000400 000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500 00000b0200000000050000000c02e00540181200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000 0000c0ffffffbaffffff001800009a0500000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065 0000500109000000fa02000010000000000000002200040000002d010000050000001402 c0024000050000001302c002ed03050000001402c0024d04050000001302c0024d071500 0000fb0220ff0000000000009001010000000402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d61 6e00007e040000002d01010008000000320a5a029d1701000000310008000000320a5a02 861001000000330008000000320a7f059d0201000000610008000000320a810231030100 0000610015000000fb0200fe0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e65 7720526f6d616e00cc7e040000002d01020004000000f001010009000000320a4003fb10 04000000eae1e0f015000000fb0200fe0000000000009001010000000402001054696d65 73204e657720526f6d616e00007e040000002d01010004000000f001020008000000320a 4003dd0d02000000313008000000320a4003cd0a02000000373708000000320a40034d0a 010000002e0008000000320a40034d0901000000300008000000320acc04350601000000 700008000000320a0102550501000000310008000000320acc04fc000100000048000800 0000320ace01900101000000480010000000fb0220ff0000000000009001000000020002 001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01020004000000f001010008000000320a5a022017 010000002d0008000000320a5a020210010000002d0010000000fb0200fe000000000000 9001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01010004000000f00102000800 0000320a40032d0d01000000d70008000000320a4003d507010000003d0010000000fb02 00fe0000000000009001010000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d0102000400 0000f001010008000000320acc04650401000000440008000000320ace01580001000000 44000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000 bc02000000000102022253797374656d0000040000002d01010004000000f00102000300 00000000 picscalex100010009000003540000000000120000000000050000000902000000000400 000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500 00000b0200000000050000000c02200220011200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000 0000c0ffffffa6ffffffe0000000c60100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065 000050000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff010000000000030000000000picscalex112 010009000003c10100000300150000000000050000000902000000000400000002010100 050000000102ffffff00040000002e01180005000000310201000000050000000b020000 0000050000000c02000640181200000026060f001a00ffffffff000010000000c0ffffff a4ffffff00180000a40500000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065000050010900 0000fa02000010000000000000002200040000002d010000050000001402e00240000500 00001302e0020f04050000001402e0026304050000001302e002560715000000fb0220ff 0000000000009001010000000402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e0000a10400 00002d01010008000000320a7a029c1701000000310008000000320a7a02711001000000 330008000000320aa105a50201000000640008000000320a970239030100000064001500 0000fb0200fe0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d61 6e00cca1040000002d01020004000000f001010009000000320a6003ee1004000000eae1 e0f015000000fb0200fe0000000000009001010000000402001054696d6573204e657720 526f6d616e0000a1040000002d01010004000000f001020008000000320a6003bd0d0200 0000313008000000320a6003ce0a02000000363808000000320a60034e0a010000002e00 08000000320a60034e0901000000300008000000320aee043f0601000000700008000000 320a1f02640501000000310008000000320aee04fc0001000000480008000000320ae401 900101000000480010000000fb0220ff0000000000009001000000020002001053796d62 6f6c0002040000002d01020004000000f001010008000000320a7a021b17010000002d00 08000000320a7a02e90f010000002d0010000000fb0200fe000000000000900100000002 0002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01010004000000f001020008000000320a6003 150d01000000d70008000000320a6003da07010000003d0010000000fb0200fe00000000 00009001010000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01020004000000f0010100 08000000320aee047b0401000000440008000000320ae40158000100000044000a000000 26060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc0200000000 0102022253797374656d0000040000002d01010004000000f0010200030000000000 Aa?e/iee eiao?oe??io ci?ie iaai?oiiai iiiaioo aoiia cae?ca a C?A ??aiee picscalex100010009000003e10100000300150000000000050000000902000000000400 000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500 00000b0200000000050000000c026005c01e1200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000 0000c0ffffffaaffffff801e00000a0500000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065 0000200109000000fa02000010000000000000002200040000002d010000050000001402 a0024000050000001302a002e602050000001402a0024303050000001302a0023e061500 0000fb0220ff0000000000009001010000000402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d61 6e0000b3040000002d01010008000000320a3a021c1e01000000310008000000320a3a02 e61601000000330015000000fb0200fe0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d65 73204e657720526f6d616e00ccb3040000002d01020004000000f001010009000000320a 2003691704000000eae1e0f015000000fb0200fe00000000000090010100000004020010 54696d6573204e657720526f6d616e0000b3040000002d01010004000000f00102000800 0000320a2003291402000000313008000000320a2003991201000000290008000000320a 2003221002000000303608000000320a2003a20f010000002e0008000000320a2003a20e 01000000300008000000320a2003b40a02000000393608000000320a2003340a01000000 2e0008000000320a2003340901000000300008000000320a20034c080100000028000800 0000320ab004270501000000700008000000320ade01490401000000310010000000fb02 20ff0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d0102000400 0000f001010008000000320a3a02981d010000002d0008000000320a3a025b1601000000 2d0010000000fb0200fe0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c00020400 00002d01010004000000f001020008000000320a2003751301000000d70008000000320a 2003370d01000000b10008000000320a2003d106010000003d0010000000fb0200fe0000 000000009001010000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01020004000000f001 010008000000320ab0045b0301000000440008000000320ab004f800010000006d000800 0000320ade018f01010000006d0008000000320ade0158000100000044000a0000002606 0f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000000102 022253797374656d0000040000002d01010004000000f0010200030000000000, oiio aeey iaeeo aeic ?iieaioiaaiiai eenith niinoa?aaeoaaia ci?ia iaai?oieo iie?a oi?io?oueny ca ?aooiie ci?ie ?o iaai?oieo iiiaio?a i?ae ae??th iai?oa. I?e aeicao, a?eueoeo 1014ni-2 oa?aeoa? ci?ie aoaeoeaieo iaai?oieo iie?a na?ae/eoue i?i iiyao, ii?yae c aeaoi?iaoe?eieie, ua e ?ioeo iaoai?ci?a ?o ?inoo. Aeey c’ynoaaiiy iiaeeeaeo iaoai?ci?a ?inoo iaaeoiieiai iaai?oiiai iiey ia yae?ao Fe57 aoei i?iaiae?ciaaii ci?io ?ciia?iiai cnoao c ?inoii aeice. Aeaeo?iiia eiio?ao?aoe?y aoii?a Fe57 a ia?iieaioiaaiiio Y3Fe5O12 ia? aeaeyae 3d54s0.1 aeey d-iieiaeaiiy oa 3d5 aeey a-iieiaeaiiy. Ca?eueoaiiy i?aeieiueiii? a?aenoai? a i?ioean? ?? coiiaeth? ca?eueoaiiy a?aeaeae? iaaeiai?iii? aca?iiae??. ?ic?aooiee iieacothoue, ui c?inoaiiy d/d ia 1% ca?eueoo? oeth a?aenoaiue c 0.2000ii aei 0.2001-0.2014ii aeey a-iieiaeaiiy oa c 0.1880ii aei 1881-1898ii aeey d-iieiaeaiue. Oea c?inoaiiy a?aeaeae? oa niioai?aiiy neiao??? ioi/aiiy cae?ca ciaioothoue ia?ae?eooy ciai?oi?o aeaeo?iiieo iaieiiie Fe3+ oa I+ ? aaaeooue aei eieae?caoe?? oaeeueiaeo ooieoe?e 4s-aeaeo?ii?a ia yae?? Fe57, ui i?eaiaeeoue aei c?inoaiiy ?ciia?iiai cnoao. Cae?ci a d-iieiaeaii? oa?aeoa?eco?oueny “ci?oaiith” aaeaioi?noth – aaee/eia ?ciia?iiai cnoao caeia? i?ii?aeia cia/aiiy i?ae cia/aiiyie, oa?aeoa?ieie aeey Fe2+ oa Fe3+. Oea iiieaeaiiy aaeaioiino? coiiaeaia ooai?aiiyi aeaoaeo?a a ai?iii?e i?aea?aooe?, yea caaaeyee ??aiino? ian ?iieaioiaaii? /anoeiee oa ai?iiieo aoii?a ?oeio?oueny iaea?eueo aoaeoeaii. ?iiia ?iieaioaoe?y ieo’yeii. EAI niaeo? cae?ca aeo?aeiiai c?acea, yeee i?aeeyaaa ?? ieo’yeii, aeia?a iienoaaany aeaiia naenoeieaoaie, ye? ia?ae?eaaeeny ? a?aeiia?aeaee a- ? d- iieiaeaiiyi cae?ca. Eiaeio e?enoaeia?ao?/io iiceoe?th cae?ca iiaeia, a naith /a?ao, ?icuaieoe ua ia aeaa i?aeniaeo?e, ye? a?aeiia?aeathoue ??ciei eooai i?ae iai?yiaie iaai?oiiai iiey oa a?aae??ioii aeaeo?e/iiai iiey. A?aeiioaiiy canaeaiinoae a- ? d-iieiaeaiue cae?ca ??aia 0.65 ? a?aeiia?aea? oi?ioeueiiio a?aeiioaiith e?eueeinoae ?ii?a ii i?aea?aoeao (23). Aeey aecia/aiiy nooiaith aieeao ia?aiao??a EAIN cae?ca ia a?aeiia?aei?noue ia?oe?aeueieo niaeo??a eiie?aoi?e eiio?ao?aoe?? iaeaeeae/iai ioi/aiiy aoei i?iaaaeaii a?aeiiaeaiiy ooieoe?? ?iciiae?eo iaaeoiieiai iaai?oiiai iiey ?(IFe) iaoiaeii Oanna-?oaa?/a c aeei?enoaiiyi ?aaoey?ecaoe??. Ooieoe?y ?(IFe) oinoi? e?i?? naenoeieaoo aeo?aeiiai c?acea, ui a?aeiia?aea? a- iieiaeaiith cae?ca, i?aaenoaaeaia ia ?en.3. Pen.3. Ooieoe?y ?iciiae?eo iaaeoiieiai iaai?oiiai iiey o aeo?aeiiio c?aceo oa?eo-a?aiaoo Y3Fe5O12. Ii?yae ?c oeaio?aeueiei iaeneioiii, yeee a?aeiia?aea? ianiioai?aiiio eieaeueiiio ioi/aiith cae?ca, ia e?ea?e ?(IFe) niinoa??aa?oueny ?yae aeiaeaoeiaeo i?e?a. ?o iiyaa iaoiiaeaia iayai?noth ?inoiaeo aeaoaeo?a o aeeaeiueiio ioi/aii? ie?aieo ianaaoa??anueeeo ?cioii?a, ui aeieeathoue a e?enoae?/i?e a?aooe? i?e ai?oaen??. Iieiaeaiiy oeaio?aeueiiai iaeneioio a?aeiia?aea? iaai?oiiio iieth I=493 eA, ui ocaiaeaeo?oueny c e?oa?aoo?ieie aeaieie. A?eueo ?ioi?iaoeaiith ? aeicia? caeaaeiino? ?ioaineaiino? aieiaiiai i?eo oa ieiu? i?ae iei ia e?eaeo ?(IFe), ye? cia?aaeaii ia ?en. 4. Ciaioaiiy ?ioaineaiino? oeaio?aeueiiai i?eo (?en.4,a) oa ciaioaiiy ieiu? i?ae iei (?en.4,a) i?e aeicao <2.1013 ci-2 coiiaeaia ciaioaiiyi e?eueeino? ianaaoa??anueeeo aoii?a c ianiioai?aiei eieaeueiei ioi/aiiyi, a a ae?aiacii? aeic 2.1013-2.1014 ni-2 iiynith?oueny c?inoaiiyi eiioeaio?aoe?? aii?oieo aeeth/aiue, ye? ? i?noeai noieo ?aae?aoe?eieo aeaoaeo?a. ?en.4. Caeaaei?noue ia?aiao??a ooieoe?? ?iciiae?eo ?(IFe) a?ae aeice ??: a) ?ioaineai?noue aieiaiiai i?eo; a) ieiua i?ae aieiaiei i?eii. I?e aeicao, a?eueoeo 4.1014 ni-2 a?aeaoaa?oueny ci?ia iaoai?cio aeaoaeoiooai?aiiy, aeeeeeaiiai aca?iiae??th ie?aieo aii?oieo iaeanoae oa cia/iith aeaoi?iaoe??th ie?aee aiane?aeie ca?eueoaiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? ?aae?aoe?ieo aeaoaeo?a. ??cei c?inoa? ?ioaineai?noue ia?aiaai?oiiai aeoaeaoo. I?e oeeo aeicao oiaueia aii?oiiai oa?o, ye iieacothoue ?ic?aooiee, neeaaea? 40 ii ? c iueiai aeoiaeeoue a?ey 45% aeaeo?ii?a eiiaa?n?? . I?e aeicao 6.1015-1.5.1016ni-2 aeiey ia?aiaai?oii? oace, ye ne?aeo? c EAIN cae?ca, caeeoa?oueny iaeaea iino?eiith ? neeaaea? a?ey 40%, iaeiae ?icuaieaiiy ia?aiaai?oiiai aeoaeaoo ia niinoa??aa?oueny. Oaeei /eiii, ?acoeueoaoe oai?aoe/ieo ?ic?aooie?a ? aenia?eiaioo aeia?a ei?aeththoue. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe oa aeniiaee. 1. I?e ?iieaioaoe?? cae?ci-?o???aiai a?aiaoo ?iiaie eenith ia aaia?aoe?th iioeiaeaeaiue aeo?a/a?oueny aeecueei iieiaeie aia?a?? ?iieaioaoe??(53%) . Iaeneiaeueia e?euee?noue aeaoaeo?a ooai?th?oueny a i?eiiaa?oiaaiio oa?? oiaueiith 60 ii, yeee i???ioiaii ?ici?uaiee a iaaeao 70-130 ii a?ae iiaa?oi?. I?e ?? ieo’yeo iaeneiaeuei? iioeiaeaeaiiy iathoue i?noea ia iiaa?oi? C?A a oiieiio i?eiiaa?oiaaiio oa?? 10 ii, a noia?ia aia?a?y, ia?aaeaia a yaea?io i?aenenoaio, noaiiaeoue 88% a?ae aia?a?? ?iieaioaoe??. 2. E?i?eia aonoeia eiao?oe??ioo ci?uaiiy o aeiaaeeo ?iieaioaoe?? eenith noaiiaeoue a?ey 3 ?ii/ii. Oey ae aaee/eia i?e ?? ieo’yeo c?inoa? a 5 ?ac?a (a?ey 16 ?ii/ii) ? ? aaee/eiith oiai ae ii?yaeeo, ui ? e?i?eia aonoeia aoii?a C?A o iai?yieo [111]. 3. I?ae /an ?? As+ aeeaeia aeoiaeo iao?e/iiai eenith c?inoa? a 2.5 ?ace, a eiai e?euee?noue-a 6 ?ac?a a ii??aiyii? c oaeeie aaee/eiaie i?e ?? I+. Cae?ci oa ?o??e i?e ?? oeeo aea ?ii?a aee?oathoue i?eaeecii c iaeeiaeiaeo aeeaei, aea ?o e?euee?noue c?inoa? ia ii?yaeie i?e ?? As+. Oea i?eaiaeeoue aei oiai, ui oiieee i?eiiaa?oiaaee oa? oa? oiaueiith 3 ii aoaea ca?aeiaiee cae?cii. 4. I?e aoiaeaeaii? ?ii?a As+ c aia?a??th 60eaA a iao?eoeth C?A aonoeia aia?aiaeae?eaiiy a yaea?io i?aenenoaio ia?aaeuo? e?eoe/ia cia/aiiy ia an?e aeiaaeei? o?aeo ?iieaioiaaiiai ?iio, a aaee/eia aonoeie aoiiieo c?oeiaiue ? aaee/eiith oiai ae ii?yaeeo, ui ? aoiiia aonoeia i?oai?. 5. I?e ?iieaioaoe?? o cae?ci-?o???aee a?aiao ?ii?a As+ c aia?a??th 60eaA aii?o?caoe?y i?eiiaa?oiaaiai oa?o a?aeaoaa?oueny ca ?aooiie aia?aaoe/ieo i?e?a o?ueio oei?a, i?e/iio ae?y eiaeiiai c ieo ? aeii?ioth/ith ia iaai?e, oa?aeoa?i?e aeey iueiai aeeaei?: ?ii?caoe?eiiai i?eo–a?ae iiaa?oi? ie?aee aei 10ii; i?eo ci?uaiue – a?ae 8 aei 25ii; oaieiaiai i?eo – ii an?e aeeaei? ?iieaioiaaiiai oa?o (60 ii). 6. A iaeano? e?eoe/ieo aeic ?? eenith i?e aeinyaiaii? iaeneiaeueii? aeaoi?iaoe?? a?aoee a i?eiiaa?oiaaiio oa?? Y3Fe5O12 a?aeaoaa?oueny oaciaee ia?ao?ae oa?eiaaiaaiaoee-ia?aiaaiaoee i?e e?iiaoi?e oaiia?aoo??. Aenieiaeiciaa ?iieaioaoe?y ?iiaie eenith c aia?a??th 90 eaA i?ecaiaeeoue aei iiaiiai ?oeioaaiiy e?enoae?/ii? no?oeoo?e c ooai?aiiyi neeaaeiiai ia?ao?aeiiai oa?o ?c ci?iith nooiaiy ieeneaiiy ii aeeaei?. 7. Iiieaeaiiy noaiai? eiaaeaioiino? ca’yceo Fe-O i?e aenieeo aeicao ?iieaioaoe?? eenith a cae?ci-?o???aee a?aiao aaaea aei ciaioaiiy aeiaeaoiiai eiaaeaioiiai aeeaaeo a iaaeoiiea iaai?oia iiea ? ?inoo eiai aaniethoiiai cia/aiiy iaa?oue i?e iaci?iieo eooao ? a?aeaeaeyo iaaeiai?iii? aca?iiae??. 8. Aaee/eia aa?e/iiai eiao?oe??ioo ci?ie iaai?oieo iiiaio?a aoii?a cae?ca a ie?aeao C?A na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui i?e ?? eenith aeicaie <2.1014 ni-2 ci?ia iaai?oieo iie?a ia yae?ao Fe57 a?aeaoaa?oueny a iniiaiiio ca ?aooiie ci?ie ?o iaai?oieo iiiaio?a i?ae ae??th iai?oa. 9. ?iieaioaoe?y ai?oaen?eieo ie?aie Y3Fe5O12 ?iiaie eenith aeicaie >1.1016ni-2 i?ecaiaeeoue aei ci?ie aaeaioiino? cae?ca o ia?ao?aeiiio
oa?? a caeaaeiino? a?ae e?enoaeia?ao?/iiai iieiaeaiiy. Cae?ci a
ieoa-iieiaeaii? a ?acoeueoao? aenieiaeiciai? ?? eeniai /anoeiai
iiieaeo? naith aaeaioi?noue c 3 aei 2 , a cae?ci a oao?a-iieiaeaii?
caeeoa?oueny o?ueioaaeaioiei.

10. I?e ?iieaioaoe?? oyaeeeie ?iiaie As+ aenieiaeiciaa ?iieaioaoe?y ia
i?eaiaeeoue aei ?icuaieaiiy ia?aiaai?oiiai aeoaeaoo a ianaaoa??anueeeo
niaeo?ao, ui, i/aaeaeii, iaoiiaeaii oei, ui ia?ao?ae e?enoae?/ii?
a?aoee a aii?oiee noai i?ioiaeeoue ia a ?acoeueoao? iaeiie/aiiy oa
ceeooy oi/eiaeo aeaoaeo?a, a a ?acoeueoao? ooai?aiiy ie?aieo aii?oieo
cii a iaeano? eiaeiiai o?aeo cie?aia aiane?aeie aeieeiaiiy aia?aaoe/ieo
i?e?a.

Iniiaiee ci?no ?iaioe aeeeaaeaii a ioae?eaoe?yo:

1. Inoaoee/oe A.E., Iueuiea A.I., Naieaae/ A.E., Oaaei?ea A.Ae.,
Ai?ii/ae (Oea/oe) I.I. No?oeoo?iia e niaeo?aeueiia enneaaeiaaiea
eiieaioe?iaaiiiai ai?ii aeaeaci-eoo?eaaiai a?aiaoa. Ienueia a AEOO,
1988.- o.14, a.5.- n.466-469.

2. Inoaoee/oe A.E., Oaaei?ea A.Ae., Ieaeiee A.A., Coaei A.E., Ai?ii/ae
(Oea/oe) I.I. No?oeoo?iia e iaaieoiia ?acoii?yaei/aiea a
oa??eo-a?aiaoiauo ieaieao, eiieaioe?iaaiiuo eiiaie ooi?a. OOO,1990.-
o.32, ?11.- n.3422-3424.

3. Inoaoee/oe A.E., Oea/oe A.I., Ai?ii/ae (Oea/oe) I.I. I aiciiaeiii
iaoaiecia aii?oecaoeee iiaa?oiinoe oa??eo-a?aiaoiauo ieaiie aneaaenoaea
eiiiie eiieaioaoeee. Iaoaeeioeceea e iiaaeoea oaoiieiaee, 1994.-o.16,
?8.- n.51-54.

4. Inoao?e/oe A.E., Ie?eiee A.A., Ieeei?a A.I., Ai?ii/ae (Oea/oe) I.I.,
Aeneiaiaenueeee I.E., Naiai A.O., Aoiaithe N.Ae. E?enoae?/ia ? iaai?oia
no?oeoo?a ?iieaioiaaieo ?iiaie ai?o ie?aie cae?ci-?o???aiai a?aiaoo aei
? i?ney a?aeiaeo. Oe?. o?c. aeo?iae, 1994.-o.39, ?7,8.- n.848-852.

5. Oea/oe I.I., Oea/oe A.I. Iannaaoa??anuee? aeine?aeaeaiiy
cae?ci-?o???aiai a?aiaoo, ?iieaioiaaiiai aaaeeeie ?iiaie. OOAE,1999.-
o.44, ?3.- n.391-393.

6. Tkachuk O.M., Tkachuk V.M. The Local Magnetic Y3Fe5O12 Structure
Implanted by As Ions. Phys. Stat. Sol. (a), 1999.-v.172.-p.477-484.

7. A.E.Inoao?e/oe, I.I.Oea/oe, A.I.Oea/oe, A.Ae.Oaaei??a. Iaoai?ci
oi?ioaaiiy aoaeoeaieo iaaiaoieo iie?a oa ?ciia?iiai cnoao ia yae?ao Fe57
a ?o???aiio oa?eo-a?aiao? i?e eiii?e ?iieaioaoe?? eenith. AEo?iae
o?ce/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue, 1999.-o.3, ?1.-n.113-116.

8. A.I.Oea/oe, I.I.Oea/oe. Iiaeaeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ioean?a ?iiii?
?iieaioaoe?? a aaaaoieiiiiiaioi? no?oeoo?e. A?niee I?eea?iaonueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo. I?e?iaeie/i-iaoaiaoe/i? iaoee.-1995.-a.1.-n.129-131.

9. I.I.Oea/oe, A.I.Oea/oe, A.?.ssai?nueeee. Iniaeeaino? oi?ioaaiiy
iaai?oii? i?e?ino?oeoo?e ie?aie cae?ci-?o???aiai a?aiaoo, i?aeaeaieo
?iiiiio ii?ii?iaiith. A?niee I?eea?iaonueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo.
I?e?iaeie/i-iaoaiaoe/i? iaoee. –1996.- a.2.-n.109-118.

Aiioaoe?y. Oea/oe I.I. Iiaeeo?eaoeey no?oeoo?e i?eiiaa?oiaaiai oa?o
ai?oaen?eieo ie?aie Y3Fe5O12/Gd3Ga5O12 i?e ?iii?e
?iieaioaoe??.-?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 01.04.18 – o?ceea ? o?i?y
iiaa?oi?. –I?eea?iaonueeee oi?aa?neoao, ?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1999.

A aeena?oaoe?? ia iniia? iaoiaeo Iiioa-Ea?ei ?ic?iaeaii oai?aoe/iee
i?aeo?ae aei iiaeaethaaiiy ?iiii? ?iieaioaoe?? a oa?eo-a?aiaoia?
no?oeoo?e oa ?ic?aoiaaii iniiai? aia?aaoe/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee ? i?io?e?
?iciiae?e?a i?e ?iieaioaoe?? ?ii?a I+ c aia?a??th 90 eaA oa ?ii?a As+ c
aia?a??th 60 eaA a iiiie?enoae?/i? ai?oaen?ei? oa?eo-a?aiaoia? ie?aee
Y3Fe5O12/Gd3Ga5O12. Aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a iiaeaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue
aeacaieo ?aaeei?a ?? aeaa iiaeeea?noue aecia/eoe aeii?ioth/? iaoai?cie
aeaoaeoiooai?aiiy a i?eiiaa?oiaaiio oa?? ie?aie C?A. Anoaiiaeaii, ui
i?e ?? As+ a ii?ooaiiio oa?? noai?ththoueny oiiae aeey ?nioaaiiy
aia?aaoe/ieo i?e?a o?ueio oei?a – oaieiaiai, ?ii?caoe?eiiai ? i?eo
ci?uaiue – eiaeai c yeeo ia? i?noea ia iaai?e aeeaei?. Aenia?eiaioaeuei?
eiiaa?n?ei? aeaeo?iii? ianaaoa??anuee? niaeo?e aeo?aeieo oa
?iieaioiaaieo eeniai ? ieo’yeii ie?aie Y3Fe5O12 aeyaeee iniaeeaino?
ci?ie e?enoae?/ii? ? iaai?oii? i?e?ino??eoo?e i?eiiaa?oiaaiai oa?o, ye?
ei?aeththoue ?c iiaeaeueieie aeine?aeaeaiiyie.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: iaoiae Iiioa-Ea?ei, ?iiia ?iieaioaoe?y, i?eiiaa?oiaaee
oa?, eiiaa?n?eia aeaeo?iiia ianaaoa??anueea niaeo?ineii?y,
cae?ci-?o???aee a?aiao, aia?aaoe/iee i?e.

Aiiioaoeey .Oea/oe I.I. Iiaeeoeeaoeey no?oeoo?u i?eiiaa?oiinoiiai neiy
yieoaeneaeueiuo ieaiie Y3Fe5O12/Gd3Ga5O12 i?e eiiiie
eiieaioaoeee.-?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa
oeceei-iaoaiaoe/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 01.04.18 – oeceee e oeiey
iiaa?oiinoe. I?eea?iaoneee oieaa?neoao, Eaaii-O?aieiane, 1999.

A aeenna?oaoeee ia iniiaa iaoiaea Iiioa-Ea?ei ?ac?aaioai oai?aoe/aneee
iiaeoiae e iiaeaee?iaaieth eiiiie eiieaioaoeee (EE) a oa??eo-a?aiaoiaua
no?oeoo?u. N iiiiuueth ?ac?aaioaiiuo i?ia?aii ?an/eoaiu iniiaiua
yia?aaoe/aneea oa?aeoa?enoeee e i?ioeee ?ani?aaeaeaiee i?e eiieaioaoeee
eiiia I+ n yia?aeae 90 eyA e eiiia As+ n yia?aeae 60 eyA a
iiiie?enoaeee/aneea yieoaeneaeueiua oa?eo-a?aiaoiaua ieaiee
Y3Fe5O12/Gd3Ga5O12. Oai?aoe/aneea ?an/aou iieacaee, /oi i?e EE
eenei?iaea ia?aciaaiea aeaoaeoia iaeaieaa eioaineaii i?ienoiaeeo ia ia
iiaa?oiinoe, a a neia oieueiie 60 ii, ?aniieiaeaiiii ia aeoaeia 70 ii
io iiaa?oiinoe ia?acoea, e ia eo ia?aciaaiea ?anoiaeoaony 53% yia?aee
EE. Oieueia ia?ooaiiiai neiy ninoaaeyao 300 ii. I?e eiieaioaoeee
ieoueyea aeaoaeou ia?acothony, a iniiaiii, a oiieii i?eiiaa?oiinoiii
neia oieueiie 10 ii iaiin?aaenoaaiii o iiaa?oiinoe, e ia eo ia?aciaaiea
eniieuecoaony 88% yia?aee eiieaioaoeee. Oieueia ia?ooaiiiai neiy ?aaia
60 ii.

I?ioeee eiieaioe?iaaiiie i?eiane oa?aeoa?ecothony oaeeie aaee/eiaie:
i?e EE I+: Rp=144 ii, Rp=56 ii; i?e ee As+ Rp=24 ii, Rp=10.5ii e
ei??aee?otho n yenia?eiaioaeueii ecia?aiiuie i?ioeeyie iaoiaeii
aoi?e/iie eiiiie iann-niaeo?iiao?ee. I?ioeee niauaiiuo eiiia iao?eoeu a
iaieo neo/ayo iaoiaeyony ianeieueei aeeaea e iiaa?oiinoe ia?acoea.

?an/ao eaneaaeia aoiiiuo noieeiiaaiee iieacae, /oi 1 eii eenei?iaea a
n?aaeiai iiaeao nianoeoue 740 aoiiia AEEA, a 1 eii iuoueyea — aei 1000
aoiiia, eioi?ua, a naith i/a?aaeue, eieoeee?otho aoi?e/iua eaneaaeu.
Aeey aiciiaeiinoe n?aaiaiey yooaeoia EE ?aciuie eiiaie auea ?an/eoaia
eeiaeiay ieioiinoue eiyooeoeeaioa niauaiey Wh, aaee/eia eioi?iai
ninoaaeea 3 eiiii e 16eiiii aeey O+ e As+ niioaaonoaaiii. Iineaaeiaa
cia/aiea yaeyaony aaee/eiie ii?yaeea eeiaeiie ieioiinoe aoiiiie AEEA a
iai?aaeaiee [111].

O?iaaiue iia?aaeaeaiey i?eiiaa?oiinoiiai neiy oaeaea oa?aeoa?ecoaony
ieioiinoueth aoiiiuo noieeiiaaiee n a ia?ooaiiii neia a n?aaiaiee n
aoiiiie ieioiinoueth iaoa?eaea iao?eoeu, oi anoue iaoa?eaea AEEA, ?aaiie
8.4.1022 ni-3. Aaee/eia n yaeyaony ooieoeeae aeicu EE e i?e
eiieaioaoeee As+ aeicaie auoa D= 2.1014 ni-2 cia/eoaeueii i?aauoaao
aoiiioth ieioiinoue a?aiaoa. ?an/aou iieacaee, /oi oaeea eaneaaeu
aoiiiuo noieeiiaaiee oaea iaeuecy n/eoaoue eeiaeiuie, a ieo i?ienoiaeyo
ea/anoaaiiua eciaiaiey, oi anoue i?aaaee?otho yia?aaoe/aneea ieee.

Onoaiiaeaii, /oi i?e EE As+ a ia?ooaiiii neia nicaeathony oneiaey aeey
nouanoaiaaiey yia?aaoe/aneeo ieeia o?ao oeiia – oaieiaiai,
eiiecaoeeiiiiai e ieea niauaiee – eaaeaeue ec eioi?uo oa?aeoa?ai aeey
ii?aaeaeaiiie aeoaeiu. Yenia?eiaioaeueiua eiiaa?neiiiua yeaeo?iiiua
iannaaoy?ianeea niaeo?u enoiaeiuo e eiieaioe?iaaiiuo eenei?iaeii e
iuoueyeii ieaiie Y3Fe5O12 iieacaee iniaaiiinoe eciaiaiey e?enoaeee/aneie
e iaaieoiie iee?ino?oeoo?u i?eiiaa?oiinoiiai neiy, eioi?ua ei??aee?otho
n iiaeaeueiuie enneaaeiaaieyie. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi aeey aeic EE I+,
iaiueoa 6.1013 ni-2 iaaieoiia oii?yaei/aiea en/acaao aneaaenoaea
eneaaeaiey aaiiao?ee einaaiiiai iaiaiiiiai acaeiiaeaenoaey a oeaii/ea
Fea3+ — O2- — Fed3+, ?ac?uaa oeaii/ee e oaaee/aiey ?annoiyiey iaaeaeo
iaaieoiuie eiiaie a ?acoeueoaoa aeaoi?iaoeee ?aoaoee. Iaeneiaeueiia
?ac?ooaiea e?enoaee/aneie ?aoaoee eiaao ianoi ia aeoaeia 100 ii.
Iiaeii i?aaeiieiaeeoue, /oi ca?iaeaeaiea ia?aiaaieoiie oacu i?ienoiaeeo
ia oaeie aea aeoaeia. N iaai?ii aeicu i?ienoiaeeo aii?oecaoeey
iiaa?oiinoiiai neiy, en/aciiaaiea iaaieoiiai oii?yaei/aiey e ?aceee ?ino
eioaineaiinoe aeoaeaoa a EYIN aeaeaca, eioi?ue niioaaonoaoao
ia?aiaaieoiie oaca, ia?acothuaeny ca aeaoiy iaoaieciaie: eneaaeaiey e
?ac?ooaiey e?enoaeee/aneie ?aoaoee.

I?e EE eenei?iaeii iaaethaeaaony naeaeoeaiia ?ac?ooaiea aieiiiie e
eaoeiiiie iiae?aoaoie. Aunieiaeiciaay EE nii?iaiaeaeaaony iiyaeaieai
eiiia aeaeaca n aaeaioiinoueth 2.

EE ieoueyeii ii?eaiaeeo e ?ac?ooaieth iaaieoiiai oii?yaei/aiey a
?acoeueoaoa ia?aciaaiey ioaeaeueiuo aii?oiuo cii e eneaaeaiey
eieaeueiiai ie?oaeaiey eiiia Fe3+ oi/a/iuie ?aaeeaoeeiiiuie aeaoaeoaie.
?an/aou iieacaee, /oi iaeiiio eiieaioe?iaaiiiio eiio As+ niioaaonoaoao
aii?oiay iaeanoue iauaiii a 500 aoiiia AEEA, eioi?ua neoaeao ianoii
noiea oi/a/iuo ?aaeeaoeeiiiuo aeaoaeoia. Eo eiioeaio?aoeey i?e aeica
8.1013 ni-2 a iiaa?oiinoiii oa?a 40 ii ninoaaeyao 8%. I?e aeicao EE
ieoueyea ii?yaeea 2-4.1014 ni-2 e auoa i?ienoiaeeo eciaiaiea iaoaiecia
aeaoaeoiia?aciaaiey. Ioaeaeueiua aii?oiua iaeanoe acaeiiaeaenoaotho
iaaeaeo niaie, a ?aaeeaoeeiiiua aeaoaeou neeueii aeaoi?ie?otho
e?enoaeee/aneoth ?aoaoeo (a/a 1.5%). Oieueia aii?oiiai neiy i?e oaeeo
aeicao, niaeanii i?ecaaaeaiiui ?an/aoai, ninoaaeyao 40 ii, n oaeeo
aeoaei auoiaeeo ieiei 45% eiiaa?neiiiuo yeaeo?iiia, /oi ei??aee?oao n
aaee/eiie ia?aiaaieoiie oacu. Iineaaeiyy ninoaaeyao i?e yoii 40% e n
iaai?ii aeicu ia oaaee/eaaaony.

Aunieiaeiciaay EE iuoueyeii ia i?eaiaeeo e ?anuaieaieth ia?aiaaieoiiai
aeoaeaoa, eae a neo/aa EE eenei?iaeii. Yoi iiaeao auoue naycaii n
?acee/iuie iaoaieciaie aii?oecaoeee i?eiiaa?oiinoiiai neiy: iaeiieaiey e
iauaaeeiaiey oi/a/iuo ?aaeeaoeeiiiuo aeaoaeoia i?e eiieaioaoeee I+ e
ia?aciaaiey aii?oiuo iaeanoae aie?oa eaaeaeiai o?aea eiia aneaaenoaea
ianooieaiey yia?aaoe/aneeo ieeia i?e eiieaioaoeee As+.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: iaoiae Iiioa-Ea?ei, eiiiay eiieaioaoeey,
i?eiiaa?oiinoiue neie, eiiaa?neiiiay yeaeo?iiiay iannaaoy?ianeay
niaeo?ineiiey, aeaeaci-eoo?eaaue a?aiao, yia?aaoe/aneee iee.

Summary. Tkachuk O.M. Modification of the surface layer structure of
the Y3Fe5O12/Gd3Ga5O12 epitaxial film under the ion implantation.

The dissertation for the Candidate Degree in Physics and Mathematics
Speciality 01.04.18 – Physics and Chemistry of surface. Precarpathian
University, 1999, Ivano-Frankivsk.

In the dissertation on the base of Monte-Carlo method has been
elaborated the theoretical approach of the ion implantation
modelling in the ferrit-garnet structures and calculated the energy
characteristics and distribution profiles after ion implantation O+ with
90 keV energy and As+ with 60 keV energy in the monocrystalline
epitaxial ferrit-garnet films Y3Fe5O12/Gd3Ga5O12. The data analysis of
model investigations of ion implantation regimes allowed to
determine of dominant mechanisms of the defects in the YIG film surface
layers.

During the As+ implantation in the surface layer has been created
the conditions for the existence the energy peaks of three types –
thermal, ionizing and displacing peaks. Each of this peaks take place
on the certain depth. The experimental conversion electron mossbauer
spectra of the source and implanted by O+ and As+ samples of the
Y3Fe5O12 films show the peculiarities in the changes of the
crystalline and magnetic microstructure of the surfaces layer, which
correlate with the model investigations.

Key words: Monte-Carlo method, ion implantation, surface layer,
conversion electron mossbauer spectroscopy, ittrium-iron garnet, energy
peaks.

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