AeA?AEAAIEE OI?AA?NEOAO «EUeA?ANUeEA IIE?OAOI?EA»

OAeE 621.01%629.114.3

AAEAI NA?A?E IEAENAIAe?IAE*

IIAeAETHAAIIss AEEOO?AIAI OeEEEO ?AAAIA?IAOAAIEO AAOIIIA?EUeIEO
IAI?AI?E*AI?A IA AOAI? I?IAEOOAAIIss

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 05.02.02 — Iaoeiiciaanoai

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Euea?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Iaeanueeiio aea?aeaaiiio iie?oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao?
I?i?noa?noaa ina?oei Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: Iaeneiia Aaea??e A?eai?iae/, eaiaeeaeao
oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e «aaoiiia?eueiee o?ainii?o»
Iaeanueeee aea?aeaaiee iie?oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: Aauoe Iao?i Ieeieaeiae/, aeieoi?
oaoi?/ieo iaoe i?ioani?,caa?aeoaa/ eao?aae?e «Aenieoaoaoe?y ? ?aiiio
aaoiiia?eueii? oaoi?ee» Aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao «Euea?anueea
iie?oaoi?ea»

Aeaethe
Ianoi? ?aaiiae/, aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe i?ioani?,caa?aeoaa/ eao?aae?e
«E?nia? iaoeie oa aei?iae» Oe?a?inueeee aea?aeaaiee e?nioaoi?/iee
oi?aa?neoao, i. Euea?a

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: ?inoeooo iaoei ? nenoai, i. Oa?e?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 16 /a?aiy 1999 ?. i 14 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 35.052.06 a Aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao?
«Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea» ca aae?anith :290602, i. Euea?a, aoe. N.
Aaiaea?e, 12.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo «Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea» ca aae?anith : i. Euea?a, aoe.
I?ioani?nueea, 1.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 12 o?aaiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

Niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio ?.A. Oa?/aiei

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEA ?IAIOE

?icoe?aiiy ia?eo aaoiiia?eueieo iai?ai?e/ai?a ?iaeoue iaaecae/aeii
aeooaeueiith i?iaeaio nooo?aiai i?aeaeuaiiy ?o iaae?eiino? ?
aaioaaeai?aeeiiiino? i?e iaeii/aniiio ciaioaii? iaoaei?ieino? oa
i?aeaeuaii? oaoiieia?/iino? aeaioiaeaiiy eiino?oeoe?e. Oey i?iaeaia
?ica’yco?oueny, a iniiaiiio, ia aoai? i?iaeooaaiiy iaeaooiueiai ae?iao.

Aaoiiia?eueiee iai?ai?e/?i ? ?icaeiaiith oaoi?/iith nenoaiith, ui
neeaaea?oueny c e?eueeio aoce?a-i?aenenoai, ye? aca?iiae?thoue a
i?ioean? aenieoaoaoe??. I?e nai?/aniiio, ieaiiaiio cae?eniaii?
oaoi?/iiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy, cai?i? aeaoaeae, ye? oaeaeei ciioothoueny,
i?aoeacaeaoi?noue iai?ai?e/aio a oe?eiio aecia/a?oueny oaoi?/iei noaiii
eiai o?eiaeueii? nenoaie – ?aie, ui cacia? i?ae /an aenieoaoaoe??
cia/ii? iaoai?/ii? ae??, yea ia? yaii ae?aaeaiee noioanoe/iee oa?aeoa?.

AEeoo?aee oeeee ?aie iiaeia ?icaeyaeaoe ye ia?ai?uaiiy aeayei? nenoaie,
ui neeaaea?oueny c nioai aeaiaio?a, o i?inoi?? noai?a Z, i?e/iio oaea
ia?ai?uaiiy iineoue aeene?aoiee oa?aeoa?. Eiaeiee ianooiiee noai Zi
a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae iiia?aaeiueiai Zi-1 ?ic?eaii iaeiiai aai
aeae?eueeio /a?aiaeo ca’yce?a aeayei? no?oeoo?e, yea nii/aoeo
a?aeiia?aea? noaio Z0.

?aaeueii ?ic?ea ca’yce?a icia/a? oa /e ?ioa iaoai?/ia iioeiaeaeaiiy
?aie, a a?aeoae eiaeiee iiaee noai aecia/a? iiyao “iiaiai” ia’?eoa –
?aie ?c iiaei ?iciiae?eii iioeiaeaeaiue.

?ioith aaaeeeaith iniaeea?noth iai?ai?e/aio ? iiaeeea?noue eiai
?aaaia?aoe?? – a?aeiiaeaiiy i?ney iaeiie/aiiy aeayei? e?eueeino?
iioeiaeaeaiue, yeo ?ioa?i?aoothoue ye a?aeiiao eiino?oeoe??.

Aaaaoicia/i?noue ia?aeiieo aeaieo, neeaaeiino? iiaoaeiae aaeaeaaoii?
iiaeae? iai?oaeaii-aeaoi?iiaaiiai noaio (IAeN) aoce?a iai?ai?e/aio oa
ianoaa?euei?noue a oeoia/aii? ?acoeueoao?a aenieoaoaoe?eieo oa iaoo?ieo
aei?iaoaaiue i?ecaiaeeoue aei oiai, ui i?iaeooaaeueieee /anoi-aonoi
i?ecia/athoue iaaei?aaaeaii aaeeeee caian i?oeiino? eiino?oeoe??
o?eiaeueii? nenoaie iai?ai?e/aio oa oneeaaeiththoue oaoiieia?th ??
aeaioiaeaiiy.

?c neacaiiai aeo?ea? iaaaeueia iaiao?aei?noue o noai?aii? ia aoai?
i?iaeooaaiiy aaeaeaaoii? aeeiai?/ii? noioanoe/ii? ?i?oaoe?eii? iiaeae?
aeeoo?aiai oeeeeo ?aie iai?ai?e/aio oa aeniea aeooaeuei?noue
aeine?aeaeaiue o oe?e aaeoc?.

Aeena?oaoe?y aeeiioaaeanue o a?aeiia?aeiino? aei caaaeaiue
iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe 203-19 Iaeanueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
iie?oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo “Aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoeiai-aenia?eiaioaeueiiai
iaoiaeo noai?aiiy aaeeeiaaaa?eoieo o?eiaeueieo nenoai iia?eueieo iaoei
oa i?aeaeuaiiy ?o iaae?eiino?” ( aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 0195U0123555).

Iaoith oe??? ?iaioe ? i?aeaeuaiiy yeino? aaoiiia?eueieo iai?ai?e/ai?a ca
?aooiie noai?aiiy oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ia noaae?? i?iaeooaaiiy
oi?aa?naeueii? ?i?oaoe?eii? iiaeae? oaoi?/iiai noaio o?eiaeueii? nenoaie
iai?ai?e/aio.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy oe??? iaoe a ?iaio? ?ica’ycai? oae? caaea/?:

?ic?iaeaia nenoaia iiia?aaeiuei? aeni?an-ioe?iee iaoaeieiino?oeoe?e oeio
?ai ia aac? ?i?oaoe?eii? iiaeae? ?o oaoi?/iiai noaio a aenieoaoaoe??;

aeeiiaiee aiae?c aeeneieaoe?? cii oeiiaeo iioeiaeaeaiue ?ai
iai?ai?e/ai?a oa aecia/ai? ?iia??iino? oaeeo iioeiaeaeaiue;

noai?aia oa ?aae?ciaaia ia AII iiaeaeue IAeN eiino?oeoe?? oeio caa?ieo
?ai, yea a?aoiao? iaeiie/aiiy oa ?aaaia?aoe?th iioeiaeaeaiue a i?ioean?
?o aenieoaoaoe??;

cae?eniaia ia?aa??ea noaoe/ii? aaeaeaaoiino? iiaeae? ii ?acoeueoaoao
noaiaeiaeo aei?iaoaaiue;

aeeiiaia ii??aiyeueia ?i?oaoe?eia iiaeaethaaiiy i?ioeano aenieoaoaoe??
?nioth/i? oa cai?iiiiiaaii? eiino?oeoe?e ?ai iai?ai?e/aio.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? o ?icaeoeo oa
iiaeeaeaii? oai?aoe/ieo oa iaoiaeieia?/ieo iniia ?i?oaoe?eiiai
iiaeaethaaiiy eiino?oeoe?e o?eiaeueieo nenoai iai?ai?e/ai?a. Iiaeie
iaoeiaeie ?acoeueoaoaie aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ?:

cai?iiiiiaaii iiaeaethaaoe i?ioean iaeiie/aiiy inaaaeiaeiaaeeiaeo
iioeiaeaeaiue a eiino?oeoe?? ?aie iiaeoeyoe??th iioieo aeiaaeeiaeo /enae
?ioi?iaoe??th i?i ?aaeuei? iiae??, ye? a?aeaoeeny a ?ai? iai?ai?e/aio a
oiiaao i?enei?aieo iie?aiiieo aei?iaoaaiue;

?ic?iaeaia /enaeueia iae?i?eia iiaeaeue aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy
aenieoaoaoe?? caa?aii? ?aie iai?ai?e/aio ia iniia? noaiaea?oiiai iaeaoo,
yeee aeei?enoiao? IEA, aaeaioiaaiiai aei iiaeaethaaiiy nenoai, ui
iaeiie/othoue iioeiaeaeaiiy;

?ic?iaeaiee iaoiae iiaeaethaaiiy iaeiie/aiiy /eiiee?a iioeiaeaeaiiy a
eiino?oeoe?? ?aie ca aeiiiiiaith eiii`thoa?ii? iiaeae? eiino?oeoe?e oeio
caa?ieo ?ai, yea i?noeoue ?aeaei? e?ioeaa? aeaiaioe, noai yeeo a?aeaeaa?
?iia??i?noue ?aaeueieo iiae?e;

cai?iiiiiaaiee iien aeeiai?/ieo noioanoe/ieo nenoai oeio aaoiiia?eueieo
iai?ai?e/ai?a, ye? a?ae??ciythoueny aeanoea?noth ?aaaia?aoe??, ca
aeiiiiiaith ?iia??i?nieo aaoiiao?a ?c aeene?aoiei /anii, ye?
aeicaieythoue a?aoiaoaaoe noioanoe/iee oa?aeoa? aeieeiaiiy iioeiaeaeaiue
?aie, aeeeeeaiee iaeiia?aaeaa/oaaieie oiiaaie aeaioiaeaiiy ?
aenieoaoaoe?? iai?ai?e/aia, oa aeaoa?i?iiaaiee oa?aeoa? oeo aea
iioeiaeaeaiue, ui aeoiaeeoue c iniaeeainoae ?o eiino?oeoe??.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Canoinoaaiiy noai?aii? a
?iaio? iaoiaeeee aeni?an-ioe?ithaaiiy ieoiieo aeo?ao ia aenieoaoaoe?th
iaoaeieiino?oeoe?e oeio ?ai aeicaieeei nei?ioeoe ia 25% /an oa ia 20%
aeo?aoe aaoiiaoeciaaiiai i?iaeooaaiiy aeaiaio?a o?eiaeueii? nenoaie
iai?ai?e/ai?a IaeAC-93571. Aeniiaee, ye? iaea?aeai? a ?iaio?,
i?aeoaa?aeaeai? a Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiio ?inoeooo?-iie?aii? iia?eueii?
oaoi?ee (?IIIIO, i. Iaeana) oa i?eeiyo? aei ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a
eiino?oeoi?nueeiio ath?i “IaeAC-Oaooeaio?” (i. Iaeana).

Cai?iiiiiaai? iaoiaee, a oaeiae aeai?eoie oa i?ia?aie, ye? ?ic?iaeai?
aeey ?o ?aae?caoe??, ai?iaaaeaeai? aei o/aiaiai i?ioeano ia eaoaae??
“Aaoiiia?eueiee o?ainii?o” Iaeanueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iie?oaoi?/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo oa aeei?enoiaothoueny a aeenoeeie?iao, ye? aea/athoue
eiino?oeoe?th o?eiaeueieo nenoai aaoiiia?ey, iaoiaee ?o iiaeaethaaiiy oa
i?iaeooaaiiy, a oaeiae a eo?niaiio oa aeeieiiiiio i?iaeooaaii?.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a iieyaa? a aiae?c? ?nioth/eo iaoiae?a
aeine?aeaeaiiy iai?oaeaii-aeaoi?iiaaiiai noaio o?eiaeueieo eiino?oeoe?e
iai?ai?e/ai?a, aeai?? oa oaeineiiaeaii? iaoaiaoe/ieo oa
aenia?eiaioaeueieo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiue.

Aeena?oaioii cai?iiiiiaaia oi?aa?naeueia nenoaia aeni?an-ioe?ithaaiiy
ieoiieo aeo?ao ia aenieoaoaoe?th iia?eueii? oaoi?ee, ?ic?iaeai? oa
aeiaaaeai? aei i?aeoe/iiai aeei?enoaiiy on? ?? i?aenenoaie.

Aaoi? aeeiiaa ?ic?aooiee iai?oaeaiue oa aeaoi?iaoe?e a aieiaieo
aeaiaioao ?aie iai?ai?e/aio, cai?iiiioaaa oaeineiiaeaiiy ?o
eiino?oeoe??, yea aaco?oueny ia ?acoeueoaoao aeine?aeaeaiue, i?eeiaa
o/anoue o ae?iaie/eo aei?iaoaaiiyo oa ?o ioe?ithaaii?.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? aeiiia?aeaeenue
oa iaaiai?thaaeenue ia I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe??
“Iia? oaoiieia?? oa i?aai?caoe?ei? no?oeoo?e ia aaoiiia?eueiiio
o?ainii?o?” (A?iieoey, 1994), ia 3-iio I?aeia?iaeiiio neiiic?oi?
oe?a?inueeeo ?iaeaia??a-iaoai?e?a (Euea?a, 1997), ia III, IV oa V
nai?ia?ao “Iiaeaethaaiiy o i?eeeaaeieo iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiiyo”
(Iaeana, 1996, 1997, 1998), ia ?icoe?aiiio can?aeaii? eaoaae?e
“Aaoiiia?eueiee o?ainii?o” Iaeanueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iie?oaoi?/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo (Iaeana, 1998), ia ?icoe?aiiio can?aeaii? eaoaae?e “Aeaoae?
iaoei” Aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo “Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea” (Euea?a,
1999).

Ioae?eaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeai? a 16 ioae?eaoe?yo, a
oiio /ene? o iaei?e eiec?, oanoe noaooyo o ca??ieeo iaoeiaeo i?aoeue
Iaeanueeiai iie?oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo, a oaeiae a 9 iaoa??aeao
eiioa?aioe?e.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, 4
?icae?e?a, 6 aeiaeaoe?a. Ianya aeena?oaoe?? 138 noi?., aeiaeaoe?a — 52
noi?. Aeena?oaoe?y i?noeoue 62 ?enoiee, 10 oaaeeoeue oa iineeaiiy aei
146 e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaaaaeaia caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe, yea i?aee?aneth? ??
aeooaeuei?noue, a?aeiia?aei?noue aea?aeaaiei iaoeiaei i?ia?aiai, iaoeiao
iiaecio oa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? i?iaiae?ciaaii noai ni?aa o i?iaeai? iiaeaethaaiiy
aeeoo?aiai oeeeeo ?aaaia?o?ieo aaoiiia?eueieo iai?ai?e/ai?a. ?icaeyioo?
ieoaiiy oaeineiiaeaiiy eiino?oeoe?? ye /eiieea i?aeaeuaiiy yeino?
iai?ai?e/ai?a, i?iaiae?ciaai? ciai?oi? ae?? oa oa?aeoa?i? a?aeiiae a
aaoiiia?eueieo nenoaiao. Iaaaaeai? iaoiaee cae?aiiy oa ia?iaee
?ioi?iaoe?? i?e i?iaeooaaii? iai?ai?e/ai?a. I?aeoaa?aeaeaia iaoa oa
noi?ioeueiaai? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy.

O ae?o aiio ?icae?e? iienaiee ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy – aaoiiia?eueiee
iai?ai?e/?i oa iaaaaeai? iaoiaeeee iiaoaeiae e?ioeaaiaeaiaioii? iiaeae?
eiai aieiaii? o?eiaeueii? nenoaie – caa?ii? ?aie. Iaa?oioiaai? noaie
iaaaioaaeaiiy iai?ai?e/aio. Iaaaaeai? iaoiaeeee aenia?eiaioaeueiiai
ioe?ithaaiiy aaeaeaaoiino? iaoaiaoe/ieo oa eiii’thoa?ieo iiaeaeae, ye?
?ic?iaeai? a aeena?oaoe??.

A o?aoueiio ?icae?e? aiae?c ia’?eoa aeine?aeaeaiiy ii/eia?oueny c aeai?o
o yeino? e?eoa??th iioeiaeueiino? eiino?oeoe?? ?aie iai?ai?e/aio
eiiieaeniiai iieacieea – ieoiieo aeo?ao ia aenieoaoaoe?th Aieo, yeee
neeaaea?oueny c aeo?ao ia i?eaeaaiiy iiaiai iai?ai?e/aio Ai? oa
i?aeo?eiaiiy eiai o i?aoeacaeaoiiio noai? Ai?ae, a?aeianaieo aei ?ano?no
eiai aenieoaoaoe?? Oaenie:
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(1)

Oiiae aenieoaoaoe?? ?ai iai?ai?e/ai?a ? neoi/aiiyi iaaecia/aiinoae
??ciiiai?oiiai oa?aeoa?o oa iioiaeaeaiiy.

Aei ieo a?aeiinyoueny, ianaiia?aae, ciai?oi? neee oa iiiaioe, ?oeioaaiiy
aeaiaio?a oa caa?ieo oa?a, noaoe/ia iaaecia/ai?noue nenoaie oa i?eeiyooy
??oaiue i?i a?aeiiao oa iiaeaeueoo aeieth iai?ai?e/ai?a. Oaeei /eiii ia?
i?noea i?ioe??//y i?ae iaaaeueiith iio?aaith aeey i?iaeooaaeueieea iaoe
nenoaio ioe?ithaaiiy oa ii??aiyiiy eiino?oeoe?e ua ia ?nioth/eo
iai?ai?e/ai?a oa i?aeoe/ii iiaiith iaaecia/ai?noth ?o noaio a
aenieoaoaoe??.

A iniia? ?ic?iaeaii? nenoaie aeni?an-ioe?ithaaiiy iaoaeieiino?oeoe?e
oeio ?ai (?en.1) — oaeaeeiae?th/a e?ioeaaiaeaiaioia iiaeaeue IAeN ?aie,
aaeaeaaoi?noue yei? i?aeoaa?aeaeaia aenia?eiaioaeueii, a oaeiae
eiioeaioe?y iiaeaethaaiiy i?ioeano aeieeiaiiy oa ?icaeoeo iioeiaeaeaiue,
yea a?aeiia?aea? ?aaeueiei oiiaai aenieoaoaoe??.

Nenoaia neeaaea?oueny c o?ueio aieiaieo aeie?a: aeieo iiaeaethaaiiy
iioeiaeaeaiue, aeieo iiaeaethaaiiy IAeN ?aie oa aeieo ?ic?aooieo ieoiieo
aeo?ao ia aenieoaoaoe?th iai?ai?e/aio. Ca’ycie i?ae aeaiia i?aenenoaiaie
iiaeaethaaiiy – IAeN oa iioeiaeaeaiue cae?enith?oueny, caaaeyee
niaoe?aeueiei aeiaeaoeiaei e?ioeaaei aeaiaioai, ye? ?i?oothoue ii?ooaiiy
nooe?eueiino? eiino?oeoe?? – ?aeaeiei aeaiaioai (?en.2). ?aeaeiee
aeaiaio iiaea ciaoiaeeoeny o aeaio noaiao: “oa?ieiaiiio” – iioeiaeaeaiiy
iaia?, aei ?acoeueoao?a iiaeaethaaiiy IAeN aeaiaio ia aiineoue ci?i;
“aeieiaiiio” – iioeiaeaeaiiy ?, aei ?acoeueoao?a iiaeaethaaiiy
aiinyoueny ci?ie c o?aooaaiiyi oa?aeoa?o iioeiaeaeaiiy.

?en. 1.

Ia?aieeaiiy ?aeaeiiai aeaiaioa cae?enith?oueny a aaoiiaoe/iiio ?aaeei?
i?ney /a?aiai? ?oa?aoe?? iiaeaethaaiiy a i?ioean? ia?a?aooaaiiy iao?eoe?
aei?noeino?. Neaiae ia ia?aieeaiiy iaaeoiaeeoue a?ae i?aenenoaie, yea
iiaeaeth? noioanoe/iee iaoai?ci iioeiaeaeaiue a eiino?oeoe??.

?en. 2.

1 – iaiioeiaeaeaia ae?eyiea; 2- ae?eyiea c iioeiaeaeaiiyi (o??ueiith);
3- e?ioeaaiaeaiaioia iiaeaeue iaiioeiaeaeaii? ae?eyiee; 4-
e?ioeaaiaeaiaioia iiaeaeue iioeiaeaeaii? ae?eyiee;

5- ?aeaeiee aeaiaio.

Ia i?ioyc? aeeoo?aiai oeeeeo ?aie iai?ai?e/aio a ?? eiino?oeoe??
iaeiie/othoueny e?euee?ni? ci?ie, ui i?ecaiaeyoue aei ye?nieo no?eae?a a
?? aenieoaoaoe?ei?e i?eaeaoiino? (?en.3). E?aneaiiy ae?iao (ioeueiaa
oi/ea eiai aeeoo?aiai oeeeeo) ia?aaeaa/a? oe?e?ni?noue eiino?oeoe??.
I?ney aeaioiaeaiiy ae?iao a iueiio i?enooi? ??ci? aeaoaeoe neeaaeaiiy.
Iiaeaeueoee ia??iae (ia??iae aenieoaoaoe??) a ?iaio? ?iciiae?eyee ia
e?ioeaao e?euee?noue ?ioa?aae?a (ia iaia’yceiai iaeiaeiai? o?eaaeino?).
Oaea aeene?aoecaoe?y aeicaiey? ?icaeyiooe aacia?a?aiee i?ioean
iaeiie/aiiy aenieoaoaoe?eieo iioeiaeaeaiue ye no?eaeiiiae?aio ci?io
noai?a nenoaie ia iaaeao /aniaeo ?ioa?aae?a.

?en. 3.

Aeey o?eiaeueieo nenoai iia?eueii? oaoi?ee, aeeiiaieo o aeaeyae? caa?ieo
?ai, iaea?eueo oeiiaeie iioeiaeaeaiiyie ? o??ueie aeaiaio?a eiino?oeoe??
oa caa?ieo oa?a i?ae ieie. I?noea ? /an iiyae iiae?aieo iioeiaeaeaiue
iinyoue, c iaeiiai aieo, noioanoe/iee oa?aeoa? ?c-ca iaaecia/aiino? oiia
aeaioiaeaiiy oa aenieoaoaoe?? ia’?eoa (?aoaeuei?noue neeaaeaiiy, noai
oeyo?a, oa?aeoa?enoeea aaioaaeo, iaae/ee aiae?iiy ? o. ?i.), a c ?ioiai,
– aeineoue aeaoa?i?iiaaiee, iia’ycaiee, iai?eeeaae, c ?iciiae?eii
aioo??oi?o iai?oaeaiue, iaoiiaeaiei eiino?oeoe??th ?aie.

Ca?aene aeoiaeeoue, ui i?e i?iaiicoaaii? ia iiaeae? i?ioeano iaeiie/aiiy
aenieoaoaoe?eieo iioeiaeaeaiue, yeee iieyaa? a “i?ecia/aii?”
iioeiaeaeaiiy (o??ueie) aei oiai /e ?ioiai i?noey eiino?oeoe?? a
caaeaiee /an, ia i?aeoiaeyoue i? iaoiae aeiaaeeiaiai aeai?o ?c
cacaeaeaa?aeue neeaaeaiiai ia?ae?eo “iaaacia/ieo” i?noeue, ai? iaoiae
ia?aianaiiy ia ia’?eo, ui iiaeaeth?oueny, ?acoeueoao?a iie?aiiieo oa
aenieoaoaoe?eieo aei?iaoaaiue ?ioeo ia’?eo?a aiaeia?/iiai eeano aai
iaa?oue ?ioeo oaeeo aea ia’?eo?a. Oiio o ?iaio? aeei?enoiaoaaee
eiia?iiaaiee iaoiae aaia?oaaiiy iioieo inaaaeiaeiaaeeiaeo /enae, oiaoi
iioieo aeiaaeeiaeo /enae, “iiaeoeueiaaieo” ?ioi?iaoe??th i?i ae?eni?
iioeiaeaeaiiy ?ai, iaea?aeaiith a ?acoeueoao? iie?aiiieo aei?iaoaaiue
aai a aenieoaoaoe??, a oaeiae ?ioi?iaoe??th i?i IAeN ?aie, iaea?aeaiith
ia iiaeae?.

Ia ii/aoeo i?ioeano iiaeaethaaiiy nenoaia iaiaaeo?oueny e?ioeaaith
e?euee?noth I i?noeue iioeiaeaeaiue, ye? iiaeooue aooe a?aoiaai?
iiaeaeeth:
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, (2)

aea Iij — iioeiaeaeaiiy ?-ai oeio o j-iio i?noe?. C o?aooaaiiyi
e?eueeino? ?aeaeieo aeaiaio?a o eiaeiiio i?noe? (aeey iiaeaethaaiiy
?icaeoeo iioeiaeaeaiiy), ?o caaaeueia e?euee?noue R o iiaeae? neeaaea?:
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,
(3)

aea r?jk — ?aeaeiee aeaiaio, yeee iiaeaeth? k-oo nooi?iue iioeiaeaeaiiy
?-ai oeio a

j — iio i?noe?.

I?ney i?aeaioiaee oa iaeaaiaeaeaiiy e?ioeaaiaeaiaioii? iiaeae?
cae?enith?oueny ia?ao?ae aei ?i?oaoe?eiiai iiaeaethaaiiy aeeoo?aiai
oeeeeo iai?ai?e/aio. ?nio? aaeeea e?euee?noue ??ciiiai?oieo ?i?oaoe?eieo
iiaeaeae neeaaeieo nenoai. Aeey ?aie iai?ai?e/aio ?icaeyiaii ?iia??i?nio
aaoiiaoio iiaeaeue. ?? ii/aoeiaee aeoaa?o – iao?eoey iioeiaeaeaiue ia
ii/aoeo /a?aiai? ?oa?aoe??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. Aeo?aeiee aeoaa?o
– iao?eoey iioeiaeaeaiue iai?ee?ioe? /a?aiai? ?oa?aoe??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. O yeino? ooieoe?? aioo??oiueiai
noaio i?eeia?ii iao?eoeth ?iia??iinoae aeieeiaiiy iioeiaeaeaiue oiai /e
?ioiai oeio o oiio /e ?ioiio i?noe? A? ia /ania?e ?oa?aoe?? O-(O+1).
Ooieoe?y aeoiaeo i?e oeueiio aoaea iaoe ianooiiee aeaeyae:
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.
(4)

Iao?eoe? a (4) iathoue oaeee o?ce/iee oa iaoaiaoe/iee nain. Iiaia
?ioi?iaoe?y i?i i?noey ?icoaooaaiiy oa e?euee?noue ?aeaeieo aeaiaio?a a
iiaeae? ? aeayeei aeaioaei??iei /eneiaei ianeaii c e?euee?noth ?yaee?a,
yea aei??aith? N, e?euee?noth aeaiaio?a ianeao o eiaeiiio ?yaeeo, yea
aei??aith? I? oa cia/aiiyi eiaeiiai aeaiaioa ianeaa, yea aei??aith? Kij
(i = 1, …, N; j = 1, …, Mi). Aeae?ath/e c e?eueeino? aeaiaio?a
ianeao o eiaeiiio ?yaeeo I? iaeneiaeueia oa aeiiiaithth/e o eiaeiiio
?yaeeo i?aai?o/ no?eueee ioeueiaeo aeaiaio?a, uia ?o caaaeueia
e?euee?noue aei??aithaaea Imax, iaea?aeeii i?yiieooio NxMmax iao?eoeth,
yea iiaea iaoe, iai?eeeaae, oaeee aeaeyae:

AR=K11K12K130000(5)K21K22K23K24K2500K31K32K33K34K35K36K37K41000000K51K52
K53K54000

sseui aeaiaioaie iao?eoe? aaaaeaoe ia e?euee?noue ?aeaeieo aeaiaio?a
(oiaoi iioaioe?eieo ni?iiiaeiinoae aei iioeiaeaeaiiy), a nai?
iioeiaeaeaiiy, oi iaea?aeeii aeayeo aiaeia?/io ca ii?yaeeii iao?eoeth:
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. (6)

Oaea iao?eoey aeey i?iaeoo ?aie, yeee ia ia?aaeaa/o? iioeiaeaeaiue,
aoaea ioeueiaith:

A0I=00…0(7)00…0..…,..…00…0

a aeey aeayeiai a?iioaoe/iiai a?aie/iiai aeiaaeeo, eiee on?
“caieaiiaai?” iioeiaeaeaiiy a?aeaoeeny — ni?aiaaeaoe c iao?eoeath
?aeaeieo aeaiaio?a:
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. (8)

Ine?eueee aaee/eia t — aeene?aoia c aoceaie a 0; O0; O1; …; O, oi
i?ioean iiaeaethaaiiy aenieoaoaoe?? ?aie iai?ai?e/aio aoaea neeaaeaoeny
c iine?aeiaiiai ia?aoai?aiiy iao?eoeue:
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 (9)

aea O — /aniaa iaaea aei?iaoaaiue (iiaeaethaaiiy).

Ia?aoai?aiiy
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(10)

cae?enith?oueny ia i?aenoaa? aeiaeaaaiiy aei aeaiaio?a ii/aoeiai?
iao?eoe?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 aeaiaio?a oaei? ae
ca ?ici??ii iiaea?i?ciaaii? -iao?eoe?, oiaoi i?aenoiiaoaaiiyi:
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 (11)

Iiaea?i?ciaaia -iao?eoey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, a naith /a?ao, iaea?aeo?oueny iine?aeiaiei iiiaeaiiyi eiaeiiai
aeaiaioa iaiiaea?i?ciaaii? I–iao?eoe?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 ia a?aeiia?aei? aeaiaioe
iao?eoe?–neoa (N-iao?eoe?), ye? iathoue iiaeeea?noue i?eeiaoe cia/aiiy
“0” aai “1”.

Aeaea?aeii I-iao?eoeue oa N-iao?eoeue i?ney eiaeii? /aniai? ?oa?aoe??
iiaeaethaaiiy ? i?aenenoaie caaaeueii? nenoaie aeni?an-ioe?ithaaiiy
ieoiieo aeo?ao ia aenieoaoaoe?th iaoaeieiino?oeoe?e oeio ?ai:
i?aenenoaia iiaeaethaaiiy iioeiaeaeaiue — aeey I-iao?eoeue ? i?aenenoaia
iiaeaethaaiiy IAeN ?aie — aeey N- iao?eoeue. Inoaiiy ianoaaeia aeicaiey?
aiineoe aei noioanoe/ii? neoaie iiaeaethaaiiy aeaiaioe
aeaoa?i?iiaaiino?, iia`ycai? c ?ioi?iaoe??th i?i ?acoeueoaoe noaiaeiaeo
oa iie?aiiieo aei?iaoaaiue iai?ai?e/ai?a.

I-iao?eoey iaea?aeo?oueny iiaeoeyoe??th iioieo aeiaaeeiaeo /enae
?iia??iinoyie aeieeiaiiy ?aaeueieo iioeiaeaeaiue. Iiaeoeyoe?y iioieo
??aii?iia??ieo /enae ae?aiaciio 1 … L.Z, aea Z — caaaeueia
e?euee?noue iioeiaeaeaiue i?e iie?aiiieo aei?iaoaaiiyo, L – oe?ea /enei
(/ei aiii a?eueoa, oei oi/i?oee iaoiae), iieyaa? o iiiaeaii? ?o
e?eueeino? L.Z ia aaaia? eiao?oe??ioe, ye? aei??aiththoue ?iia??iinoyi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 aeieeiaiiy a?aeiia?aeieo iioeiaeaeaiue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:
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 (12)

Ia ?en. 4 iaaaaeai? i?eeeaaee iaiiaeoeueiaaiiai oa iiaeoeueiaaiiai
a?ae??ce?a /eneiaiai ?yaeo.

?en. 4.

Iaiiaeoeueiaaiee (a) oa iiaeoeueiaaiee (a) ?iia??iinoyie ianoaiiy
/ioe?ueio iiae?e a?ae??cie iaoo?aeueiiai ?yaeo (1 … 400)

sse aeaeii c ?enoieo, iiyaa, iai?eeeaae, /enea 98 o ia?oiio aeiaaeeo
a?aeiia?aea? iiae?? “A”, a a ae?oaiio – iiae?? “A”. Iiae?y “N” a
ae?oaiio aeiaaeeo acaaae? ia iiaeaeth?oueny, oiio ui ?iia??i?noue ??
ianoaiiy aei??aith? ioeth. ?ioi?iaoe?y i?i ?ioa?aaee aeey eiaeiiai
i?noey iiaeeeaiai iioeiaeaeaiiy a?oio?oueny a I-iao?eoeth, yea aeey
aeiaaeeo, iaaaaeaiiai ia ?en. 4 , ia? aeaeyae:
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(13)

Aeai?eoi ?ic?aooieo I-iao?eoeue aeey eiaeii? c ?ano?nieo ?oa?aoe?e Tt-1
– Tt ia? oaeee aeaeyae (noaia i?aai?caoe?? ?ioi?iaoe?eieo iioie?a a
iaaeao cai?iiiiiaaiiai iaoiaeo iaaaaeaia ia ?en.5).

1. Aeae?a?oueny Zt ia?oeo aeiaaeeiaeo /enae a ae?aiacii? 1… L.Z.

2. ?ic?aoiaothoueny iiaeoeueiaai? /eneia? ?ioa?aaee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 aeey on?o iioeiaeaeaiue Iij ?
ie?oaeythoueny aei iaeaeeae/eo oe?eeo /enae.

3. ?ic?aoiao?oueny, ne?eueee a?ae?a?aieo o i. 1 /enae “ae?noaeiny”
eiaeiiio c ?ioa?aae?a.

4. Oi?ie?o?oueny ioeueiaa iao?eoey, ii?yaeeii NoImax.

5. Aei eiaeiiai c aeaiaio?a iao?eoe? aeiaea?oueny no?eueee iaeeieoeue,
ne?eueee /enae, a?ae?a?aieo o i.1, iio?aieee aei a?aeiia?aeiiai
?ioa?aaeo. I-iao?eoey aioiaa.

?en. 5.

Ioieo 1 iienaiiai aeai?eoio ?aae?co?oueny ca aeiiiiiaith aaia?aoi?a
aeiaaeeiaeo /enae, aaoaeiaaiiai aei iiae BASIC aeey ?N; ioieo 2 —
ia?iaeith ?acoeueoao?a aenia?eiaio?a oa aeine?aeaeaiue ?aaeueiiai
ia`?eoa iiae?aiiai eeano.

Ia ?oa?aoe?? (0-O0), oiaoi i?e iiaeaethaaii? aeaioiaeaiiy ?aie,
e?euee?noue iaeeieoeue, ye? aeiaeathoueny aei ioeueiai? iao?eoe?,
aecia/a?oueny aeaiaioaie iao?eoe? ?iia??iinoae aeaoaeo?a neeaaeaiiy.

N-iao?eoey iaea?aeo?oueny ca oaeei aeai?eoiii:

1. Oi?io?oueny ioeueiaa iao?eoey ii?yaeeii NoImax.

2. A ii/aoeiao e?ioeaaiaeaiaioio iiaeaeue, yea a?aeiia?aea? ca
no?oeoo?ith oa ia?aiao?aie aeaiaio?a e?aneaiith ia`?eoa, aiinyoueny
ci?ie (iaioeththoueny ia?aiao?e aei?noeino?) aei oeo ?aeaeieo aeaiaio?a,
aeieiaiiy yeeo ia?aaeaa/aia aeaoaeoaie aeaioiaeaiiy ?aie.

3. Aeeiio?oueny ?ic?aooiie ia iiaeae? a noaoe/iiio ?aaeei? iai?oaeaiue
ijt o i?noeyo iiaeeeaeo iioeiaeaeaiue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.

4. Aeey oeo i?noeue iiaeeeaeo iioeiaeaeaiue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, aea aeeiio?oueny ia??ai?noue:

Ec ijt max ,
(14)

aea max — a?aie/ii aeiionoei? iai?oaeaiiy aeey a?aeiia?aeiiai i?noeth
iaoa??aeo eiino?oeoe??; Ec — eiao?oe??io caiano, yeee i?ecia/a?oueny
ie?aii aeey iiaiai ae?iao oa i?ney eiaeiiai /a?aiaiai ?aiiioo,
a?aeiia?aei? ioe? a iao?eoe? (i. 1) cai?iththoueny iaeeieoeyie.
N-iao?eoey aioiaa.

Iiaeaiaioiei iiiaeaiiyi (IAI) I-iao?eoeue oa N-iao?eoeue ia eiaei?e
?ano?ni?e ?oa?aoe?? iaea?aeoaaee -iao?eoeth aeey ?ic?aooieo /a?aiaiai
noaio ?iia??i?niiai aaoiiaoo, ui iiaeaeth? noai ?aie iai?ai?e/aio.

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? aeeiiaia ?i?oaoe?eia iiaeaethaaiiy aeeoo?aiai
oeeeeo aaoiiia?eueieo iai?ai?e/ai?a IaeAC-93571 ?c ?aiaie ??cieo
eiino?oeoe?e. Ii/aoeiaith ?ioi?iaoe??th aeey oaeiai iiaeaethaaiiy aoee
e?aneaiiy ?aie, aeai? ianoaaeaiue 134 iiaeo iai?ai?e/ai?a oa a?aeiiino?
i?i ?acoeueoaoe ?o iie?aiiieo aei?iaoaaiue. Ca?aeii c oeeie
a?aeiiinoyie, aecia/ai? 12 oei?a aieiaieo iioeiaeaeaiue, ye?
cono??/athoueny i?e aei?iaoaaiiyo. C o?aooaaiiyi e?eueeino? i?noeue
iioeiaeaeaiue, ia?aoai?aiiyi o iiaeae? i?aeaeaaaeeny iao?eoe? ii?yaeeo
12o17. E?euee?noue ?aeaeieo aeaiaio?a o iiaeae? aei??aithaaea 456, a
i?noey ?o anoaiiaeaiiy a?aeiia?aeaee i?noeyi ?aaeueieo iioeiaeaeaiue,
ye? o?enoaaeeny i?ae /an aei?iaoaaiue (?en.6).

Aaeaeaaoi?noue e?ioeaaiaeaiaioii? iiaeae? ?aie yea noai?aia ca
aeiiiiiaith III “IA?NAE” (?en.7) oa, e??i ?aeaeieo, i?noeoue ua 948
iaieiieiaeo oa 16 noa?aeiaaeo e?ioeaaeo aeaiaio?a, aoea i?aeoaa?aeaeaia
ii??aiyiiyi aeaieo, iaea?aeaieo i?e iiaeaethaaii? noaoe/iiai ?aaeeio
iaaaioaaeaiiy i?ae /an noaiaeiaeo aei?iaoaaiue oa i?e
aenia?eiaioaeueiiio aei??thaaii? iai?oaeaiue o oa?aeoa?ieo oi/eao
eiino?oeoe??. Aeinyaoe aaeaeaaoiino? aaeaeiny o?eueee i?ney a?aooaaiiy
?ie? caa?ieo oa?a o ?iciiae?e? iaaaioaaeaiue i?ae aeaiaioaie nenoaie.

?i?oaoe?eia iiaeaethaaiiy aeeoo?aiai oeeeeo iai?ai?e/aio aeicaieeei
i?iaiicoaaoe oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/i? iieacieee eiai aenieoaoaoe?? ia i?ioyc?
ieaiiaiai ?ano?no.

?en. 6. O?aaiaio caaaeueii? noaie eieae?caoe?? i?noeue iiaeeeaeo
iioeiaeaeaiue

oa ?icoaooaaiiy ?aeaeieo aeaiaio?a a iiaeae? ?aie

?en. 7. O?aaiaio caaaeueii? noaie ?icaeooy iiaeae? ?aie ia e?ioeaa?
aeaiaioe.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui noia?i? aeo?aoe ia i?aeo?eiaiiy iai?ai?e/aio o ?iai/iio
noai? Ai?ae c?inoathoue i?ae /an aenieoaoaoe?? aei nienaiiy, a ieoii?
aeo?aoe Aieo i?ioiaeyoue /a?ac i?i?ioi, oiaoi ia? i?noea aeayeee
iioeiaeueiee ?ano?n, i?ney a?aei?aoethaaiiy yeiai aeiiii?/ii aea?aei?oa
i?eaeaaoe iiaee iai?ai?e/?i, i?ae eaaiaeeoe ciioaiee.

O oeeo oiiaao ci?ia eiino?oeoe?? ?aie iai?ai?e/aio iiaea aooe aeciaia
aeioe?eueiith, yeui ?acii ?c cieaeaiiyi aaee/eie iioeiaeueiiai ?ano?no
aoaea ca?eueooaaoenue ?ioee iieaciee – aaioaaeai?aeeiii?noue
o?ainii?oiiai caniao. Oiae? ca iaioee /an aenieoaoaoe?? iai?ai?e/?i
ia?aaaca oaeo ae, aai iaa?oue a?eueoo e?euee?noue ei?enieo aaioaae?a.
Oiio aeey ii??aiyiiy aoa cai?iiiiiaaiee iiaee iieaciee – ieoiiee
iioeiaeueiee ?ano?n: a?aeiioaiiy iioeiaeueiiai ?ano?no aei aeanii? aaae
iai?ai?e/aio aac ci?ie noia?ii? aaae iai?ai?e/aio oa aaioaaeo.

Aeeiiai? ii??aiyeuei? ioe?ithaaiiy ieoiieo aenieoaoaoe?eieo
oa?aeoa?enoee ?ai ??cieo eiino?oeoe?e oa cai?iiiiiaai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??,
ye? aeicaieythoue cieceoe nii?yaeaeaio iano iai?ai?e/aio, a c oei ?
i?aeaeueoe eiai aaioaaeai?aeeiii?noue ia 12%. ?acoeueoaoe
aeena?oaoe?eieo aeine?aeaeaiue iaea?aeaee i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy i?e
ae?iaie/eo aei?iaoaaiiyo.

CAAAEUeI? AENIIAEE

1. sse iieaco? iaeyae /eneaiieo aeaea?ae ?ioi?iaoe??, oiiae ?iaioe
iai?ai?e/aio a?ae??ciythoueny aenieith nooi?iith iaaecia/aiino?
ia?aiao??a aioo??oiueiai noaio oa oa?aeoa?enoee ciai?oiuei? ae??
i?ioyaii onueiai aeeoo?aiai oeeeeo, yeee nyaa? e?eueeio ?ie?a aai
iaa?oue aeanyoe??/. C ?ioiai aieo, aaoiiia?eueiee iai?ai?e/?i, ye ?
aoaeue-yeee o?ainii?oiee can?a, ? aeaea?aeii i?aeaeuaii? iaaaciaee.

2. AEeoo?aee oeeee oaoi?/ieo nenoai, ui a?aeiiaeththoueny, aei yeeo
a?aeiineoueny aaoiiia?eueiee iai?ai?e/?i, neeaaea?oueny c aeene?aoieo
a?ae??ce?a ?ano?niiai ia?aiao?o (/ano, aeiaaeeie i?ia?ao, oiui),
iai?ee?ioe? eiaeiiai c yeeo a?aeaoaa?oueny a?aeiiaeaiiy i?aoeacaeaoiino?
nenoaie (?aiiio) aai nienaiiy, caaaeath/e ia oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/io
aeioe?euei?noue ?aiiioo. Oiio ?i?oaoe?eia iiaeaethaaiiy aeeoo?aiai
oeeeeo iai?ai?e/aio ia aoai? i?iaeooaaiiy c iaoith ii??aiyeueiiai
ioe?ithaaiiy aenieoaoaoe?eii? iaae?eiino? aeueoa?iaoeaieo aa??aio?a
eiino?oeoe?? cai?iiiiiaaii ?iaeoe ca aeiiiiiaith aeene?aoieo iiaeaeae o
aeaeyae? e?ioeaaeo aaoiiao?a, o yeeo iiiaeeia aioo??oi?o noai?a, a
oaeiae iiiaeeie ii/aoeiaeo oa aeo?aeieo neaiae?a ? ne?i/aiieie
iiiaeeiaie.

3. Anoaiiaeaii, ui oiiae aenieoaoaoe?? o?eiaeueieo nenoai iai?ai?e/ai?a
? niieo/aiiyi iaaecia/aiinoae ye i?i?ioi oanoe aeae?a: ciai?oi?o nee oa
iiiaio?a, ?oeioaaiiy aeaiaio?a oa caa?iaeo oa?a, noaoe/ii?
iaaecia/a?iino?, yeino? aeaioiaeaiiy, i?eeiyooy ??oaiue i?i a?aeiiae,
?aiiio oa nienaiiy. Oiio o iaaeao aeene?aoiiai a?ae??ceo ?ano?no
iiaaae?iea nenoaie iiaea aooe ia?aaeaa/aia o?eueee c aeayeith
?iia??i?noth. Cai?iiiiiaaii o yeino? e?ioeaai-aaoiiaoieo iiaeaeae oaeeo
nenoai aeei?enoiaoaaoe iiaeae? o aeaeyae? ?iia??i?nieo aaoiiao?a, oiaoi
aeene?aoieo iioaeoiaeo ia?aoai?thaa/?a c iai`yoth, ooieoe?iioaaiiy yeeo
o eiaeiiio oaeo? caeaaeeoue o?eueee a?ae noaio iai`yo? o iueiio oa iiaea
aooe iienaia noaoenoe/ii.

4. Cai?iiiiiaaia no?oeoo?a nenoaie aeni?an-ioe?ithaaiiy ieoiieo aeo?ao
ia aenieoaoaoe?th iaoaeieiino?oeoe?e oeio ?ai, yea neeaaea?oueny c
aeie?a iiaeaethaaiiy IAeN, iiaeaethaaiiy iioeiaeaeaiue oa ?ic?aooieo
ieoiieo aeo?ao. A iniia? aeieo iiaeaethaaiiy IAeN – e?ioeaaiaeaiaioia
iiaeaeue ?aie iai?ai?e/aio, no?oeoo?a yei? ia eiaei?e ?ano?ni?e
?oa?aoe?? iiaeaethaaiiy aecia/a?oueny ia o?eueee eiino?oeoe??th ?aie
(oiaoi ?? ?aeaaeueiei noaiii, yeee a?aeiia?aea? e?aneaiith), aea e on?ia
iioeiaeaeaiiyie, ui iaeiie/eeeny o ia??iae aenieoaoaoe?? ia iioi/i?e
?oa?aoe??, a oaeiae aeaoaeoaie, iia`ycaieie ?c iaaeia?iye?niei ?aiiioii
i?ney eiaeii? iiia?aaeiuei?.

5. A iniiao aeieo iiaeaethaaiiy iioeiaeaeaiue iieeaaeaii iiaeoeyoe?th
iioieo aeiaaeeiaeo /enae ?ioi?iaoe??th i?i ?iia??i?noue iioeiaeaeaiue
oiai /e ?ioiai i?noey a eiino?oeoe??, yea iaea?aeaia a ?acoeueoao?
aiae?co iie?aiiieo aei?iaoaaiue. Iioeiaeaeaiiy, ui iiaeaeththoueny oaeei
iioieii, a?aeia?aaeathoueny a iiaeae? oeyoii “aeieeaiiy” (i?e??aithaaiiy
ioeth iaoai?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee) niaoe?aeueieo ?aeaeieo e?ioeaaeo
aeaiaio?a, cacaeaeaa?aeue aaaaeaieo o iiaeaeue a i?noeyo iiaeeeaeo
iioeiaeaeaiue. Nenoaia ia?aaeaa/a? iiaeeea?noue i?aeaeuaiiy ?iia??iino?
i?ecia/aiiy iioeiaeaeaiiy o oa i?noea, aea aiii aaea a?aeaoaaeiny ia
iiia?aaei?o ?oa?aoe?yo, ui aeicaiey? iiaeaethaaoe ?icaeoie o??ueie a
eiino?oeoe??.

6. A ?acoeueoao? ?ic?aooieo IAeN oaei? ?aie ? ii??aiyiiy eiai c
iai?oaeaiiyie, ye? aeiioneathoueny i?oei?noth iaoa??aeo aeaiaio?a
eiino?oeoe?? oa caa?ieo oa?a, ia eiaei?e ?oa?aoe?? noai?th?oueny ianea
iiia??a i?noeue a eiino?oeoe??, aea i?ecia/aiiy iioeiaeaeaiue ia
caai?iiy?oueny nenoaiith iiaeaethaaiiy. Oaeei /eiii cae?enith?oueny
ei?aeyoe?y i?ae inaaaeiaeiaaeeiaei, iia`ycaiei c ?aaeueieie iiae?yie
iioieii iioeiaeaeaiue, ui i?ecia/athoueny, oa IAeN eiino?oeoe?? ?aie, ui
iioeiaeaeo?oueny.

7. Iaoiaeii oaiciaei??thaaiiy cae?eniaia ia?aa??ea aaeaeaaoiino?
e?ioeaaiaeaiaioii? iiaeae? IAeN ?aie iai?ai?e/aio oeyoii ii??aiyiiy
?ic?aooieiaeo aeaieo, ye? iaea?aeai? ia iiaeae?, ?c ?acoeueoaoaie
aaciina?aaei?o aei??thaaiue o oa?aeoa?ieo oi/eao eiino?oeoe?? ?aie, ye?
iaea?aeai? i?ae /an noaiaeiaeo noaoe/ieo aei?iaoaaiue.

Caaeia?eueii? aeey i?aeoe/ieo ?ic?aooie?a aaeaeaaoiino? aaeaeiny
aeinyaoe iae?eii aeoeaii? o/ano? a ?iciiae?e? iaaaioaaeaiiy caa?ieo
oa?a. Iieacaii, ui o aeiaaeeo caa?ii? eiino?oeoe??, iai?oaeaiiy o ??
aeaiaioao i?e ca?eueoaii? iaaaioaaeaiiy ?inoooue cia/ii iia?euei?oa,
i?ae oea niinoa??aa?oueny o nooe?eueiiaeoyaiai?e.

8. Iiaoaeiaith oa ia?aoai?aiiyi iao?eoeue ?aaeueieo iiae?e, iao?eoeue
?iia??iinoae, iao?eoeue ?ioa?aae?a, iao?eoeue iai?oaeaiue,
iao?eoeue-neo, iaiiaea?i?ciaaieo oa iiaea?i?ciaaieo iao?eoeue
iioeiaeaeaiue cae?eniaii iiaeaethaaiiy aeeoo?aiai oeeeeo ?aie
iai?ai?e/aio IaeAC-93571. Aeey ooai?aiiy iao?eoeue iai?oaeaiue ca
aeiiiiiaith III “IA?NAE” aoea noai?aia e?ioeaaiaeaiaioia iiaeaeue ?aie,
yea neeaaea?oueny c 948 iaieiieiaeo, 16 noa?aeiaaeo oa 456 ?aeaeieo
e?ioeaaeo aeaiaio?a.

9. Aeey ii??aiyeueiiai oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/iiai ioe?ithaaiiy iai?ai?e/ai?a,
ye? i?noyoue ?aie ??cieo eiino?oeoe?e, cai?iiiiiaai? oae?
oa?aeoa?enoeee, ye ieoii? aeo?aoe ia aenieoaoaoe?th oa ieoiiee
iioeiaeueiee ?ano?n.

?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea, aeai?eoie oa i?ia?aie aeey ?ic?aooieo oeeo
iieaciee?a a i?ioean? iiaeaethaaiiy ia aoai? i?iaeooaaiiy. Aeeiiaia
ii??aiyeueia ioe?ithaaiiy iai?ai?e/ai?a c ?aiaie i’yoe ??cieo
eiino?oeoe?e.

10. Aeei?enoaiiy noai?aii? a ?iaio? iaoiaeeee aeni?an-ioe?ithaaiiy
ieoiieo aeo?ao ia aenieoaoaoe?th iaoaeieiino?oeoe?e oeio ?ai oa ieoiiiai
iioeiaeueiiai ?ano?no aenieoaoaoe?? iai?ai?e/ai?a aeicaieeei nei?ioeoe
ia 25% /an oa ia 20% aeo?aoe aaoiiaoeciaaiiai i?iaeooaaiiy aeaiaio?a
o?eiaeueii? nenoaie iai?ai?e/ai?a, a oaeiae cai?iiiioaaoe eiino?oeoe?th
iai?ai?e/aio, yea caaacia/o? cieaeaiiy eiai nii?yaeaeaii? iane ia 12%.

Aeniiaee, ye? iaea?aeai? a ?iaio?, i?aeoaa?aeaeai? o
Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiio ?inoeooo?–iie?aii? iia?eueii? oaoi?ee (i.Iaeana),
oa ?aeiiaiaeiaai? aei ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a eiino?oeoi?nueeiio ath?i
“IaeAC-Oaooeaio?” (i.Iaeana). Iia? iaoeia? ?ic?iaee ai?iaaaeaeai? a
o/aiaee i?ioean ia eaoaae?? «Aaoiiia?eueiee o?ainii?o» Iaeanueeiai
iie?oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

1. Aaeai N.A. Aii?inu i?aaiecaoeee ?aiiioa e oaoie/aneiai ianeoaeeaaiey
iaoeiino?ieoaeueiiai iai?oaeiaaiey. – Iaeanna: Ano?ii?eio, 1997. – 166
n.

2. Iaeneiia A.A., Aaeai N.A. E ii?aaeaeaieth ?an/aoiie iaa?ocee ianouae
nenoaiu iieoi?eoeaia ii oneiaeth noaoe/aneie i?i/iinoe // O?oaeu
Iaeanneiai iieeoaoie/aneiai oieaa?neoaoa. – 1996. – Aui. 2. – N. 48 –
50.

3. Noaiioaoie/aneia iiaeaee?iaaiea oa?iiiaoaie/aneiai iaa?oaeaiey
yeaiaioia oi?iiciuo ono?ienoa / N.A. Aaeai, A.A. Iaeneiia, I.N.
Naaaeueaaa, e ae?. // O?oaeu Iaeanneiai iieeoaoie/aneiai oieaa?neoaoa. –
1997. – Aui. 1. – N. 69 – 72.

4. Aaeai N.A., Iaeneiia A.A. Aeeyiea iiaeaoeeainoe naa?iuo niaaeeiaiee
ia ?ani?aaeaeaiea iai?yaeaiee a ianoueo nenoaiao iiaeeueiuo iaoei //
O?oaeu Iaeanneiai iieeoaoie/aneiai oieaa?neoaoa. – 1998. – Aui. 1. – N.
157 – 160.

5. Aaeai N.A., Naaaeueaaa I.N. O/ao aeeiaieee ia?aiauaiee i?e oaea?iii
iaoaie/aneii iaa?oaeaiee o?ainii?oiuo n?aaenoa // O?oaeu Iaeanneiai
iieeoaoie/aneiai oieaa?neoaoa. – 1998. – Aui. 1. – N. 160 – 162.

6. Aaeai N.A. ?an/ao oaeaeueiuo cao?ao ia yenieoaoaoeeth iai?oaeiaaiey,
niaea?aeauaai iaoaeeieiino?oeoeee oeia naa?iuo ?ai // O?oaeu Iaeanneiai
iieeoaoie/aneiai oieaa?neoaoa. – 1998. – Aui. 2. – N. 286 – 291.

7. Aaeai N.A. Iiaeaee?iaaiea inaaaeineo/aeiuo niauoee iiaeoeyoeeae
ianneaa neo/aeiuo /enae // O?oaeu Iaeanneiai iieeoaoie/aneiai
oieaa?neoaoa. – 1998. – Aui. 2. – N. 73 – 76.

8. Iaeneiia A.A., Ai?ei Y.A., Aaeai N.A. E ii?aaeaeaieth iaa?oci/iie
niiniaiinoe ianoueo nenoai i?eoeaiia e iieoi?eoeaiia // Iiaua oaoiieiaee
e i?aaiecaoeeiiiua no?oeoo?u ia aaoiiiaeeueiii o?ainii?oa. Aeiieoea,
1994. N. 105 – 106.

9. Aaeai N.A., Iaeneiia A.A. Ii?aaeaeaiea oa?aeoa?a IAeN ?aiu ianouae
nenoaiu iieoi?eoeaia a oneiaeyo noaoe/aneiai iaa?oaeaiey //
Iiaeaee?iaaiea a i?eeeaaeiuo iao/iuo enneaaeiaaieyo. Iaeanna: IAIO,
1996. N. 23 – 24.

10. Aaeai N.A., Iaeneiia A.A., Noaiianeee A.E. Noaiioaoie/aneia
iiaeaee?iaaiea iai?yaeaiiiai ninoiyiey iaoaie/aneeo eiino?oeoeee n
iaeeiaeiuie yeaiaioaie // Iiaeaee?iaaiea a i?eeeaaeiuo iao/iuo
enneaaeiaaieyo. Iaeanna: IAIO, 1996. N. 23.

11. Iaeneiia A.A., Iaie?aoia I.I., Aaeai N.I. Ioe?iea ?ano?no iano/eo
nenoai i?e/ai?a oa iai?ai?e/ai?a // 3-e I?aeia?iaeiee neiiic?oi
oe?a?inueeeo ?iaeaia??a-iaoaiee?a. Euea?a: AeO “EI”, 1997. N. 201 –
202.

12. Aaeai N.A., Iaeneiia A.A. Iiaeaee?iaaiea
iai?yaeaiii-aeaoi?ie?iaaiiiai ninoiyiey aaeee ine iieoi?eoeaia //
Iiaeaee?iaaiea a i?eeeaaeiuo iao/iuo enneaaeiaaieyo. Iaeanna: IAIO,
1997. N. 59 – 61.

13. Iaeneiia A.A., Aaeai N.A. Iiaeaee?iaaiea
iai?yaeaiii-aeaoi?ie?iaaiiiai ninoiyiey ?aiu iieoi?eoeaia //
Iiaeaee?iaaiea a i?eeeaaeiuo iao/iuo enneaaeiaaieyo. Iaeanna: IAIO,
1997. N. 61 – 63.

14. Iaeneiia A.A., Aaeai N.A., Aii/a?iaa I.A. Iioeiecaoeey
eiino?oeoeaiuo ia?aiao?ia oceia iieoi?eoeaia ia yoaia i?iaeoe?iaaiey //
Iiaeaee?iaaiea a i?eeeaaeiuo iao/iuo enneaaeiaaieyo. Iaeanna: IAIO,
1998. N. 42 – 43.

15. Aaeai N.A., Iaeneiia A.A., Noaiianeee A.E. Iaoaiaoe/aneia
iiaeaee?iaaiea i?ioeanna yenieoaoaoeee ianoueo nenoai iieoi?eoeaiia //
Iiaeaee?iaaiea a i?eeeaaeiuo iao/iuo enneaaeiaaieyo. Iaeanna: IAIO,
1998. N. 18 – 20.

16. Aaeai N.A., Iaeneiia A.A. Aaoiiaoece?iaaiiay nenoaia ioeaiee
yeiiiie/iinoe yenieoaoaoeee iiaeeueiie oaoieee // Iiaeaee?iaaiea a
i?eeeaaeiuo iao/iuo enneaaeiaaieyo. Iaeanna: IAIO, 1998. N. 20 – 22.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: iai?ai?e/?i, ?aia, ?i?oaoe?eia iiaeaeue, ?iia??i?niee
aaoiiao, iai?oaeaii-aeaoi?iiaaiee noai, e?ioeaaee aeaiaio.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: iieoi?eoeai, ?aia, eieoaoeeiiiay iiaeaeue,
aa?iyoiinoiue aaoiiao, iai?yaeaiii-aeaoi?ie?iaaiiia ninoiyiea, eiia/iue
yeaiaio.

Key words: semitrailer, frame, simulative model, probably automaton,
stressed-stained state, final unit.

Aaeai N.I. Iiaeaethaaiiy aeeoo?aiai oeeeeo ?aaaia?iaoaaieo
aaoiiia?eueieo iai?ai?e/ai?a ia aoai? i?iaeooaaiiy. ?oeiien.
Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
?c niaoe?aeueiino? 05.02.02 – iaoeiiciaanoai. Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia
?ic?iaoe? oi?aa?naeueii? ?i?oaoe?eii? iiaeae? oaoi?/iiai noaio
iaoaeieiino?oeoe?e oeio ?ai. O yeino? ia`?eoo aeine?aeaeaiiy ?icaeyiooi
aaoiiia?eueiee iai?ai?e/?i. Aeeiiaiee aiae?c aeeneieaoe?e cii oeiiaeo
iioeiaeaeaiue ?ai iai?ai?e/ai?a oa aecia/aia ?iia??i?noue ?o
iioeiaeaeaiue. Noai?aia eiii`thoa?ia iiaeaeue iai?oaeaii-aeaoi?iiaaiiai
noaio eiino?oeoe?e oeio caa?ieo ?ai, yea aeicaiey? a?aoiaoaaoe
noioanoe/iee oa?aeoa? aeieeiaiiy iioeiaeaeaiue ?aie, aeeeeeaiee
iaeiia?aaeaa/oaaieie oiiaaie aeaioiaeaiiy ? aenieoaoaoe?? iai?ai?e/aia,
oa aeaoa?i?iiaaiee oa?aeoa? oeo aea iioeiaeaeaiue, ui aeoiaeeoue c
iniaeeainoae ?o eiino?oeoe??.

Cae?eniaia ia?aa??ea noaoe/ii? aaeaeaaoiino? iiaeae? ii ?acoeueoaoao
noaiaeiaeo aei?iaoaaiue. ?acoeueoaoe, ye? iaea?aeai? a ?iaio?,
i?aeoaa?aeaeai? a Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiio ?inoeooo?-iie?aii? iia?eueii?
oaoi?ee oa ?aeiiaiaeiaai? aei ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a eiino?oeoi?nueeiio ath?i
“IaeAC-Oaooeaio?” (i. Iaeana).

Aaeai N.A. Iiaeaee?iaaiea aeeciaiiiai oeeeea
ainnoaiaaeeaaaiuo aaoiiiaeeueiuo iieoi?eoeaiia ia yoaia i?iaeoe?iaaiey.
?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa
oaoie/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.02.02 — iaoeiiaaaeaiea.
Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia ?ac?aaioea oieaa?naeueiie eieoaoeeiiiie iiaeaee
oaoie/aneiai ninoiyiey iaoaeeieiino?oeoeee oeia ?ai. A ea/anoaa iauaeoa
enneaaeiaaiey ?anniio?ai aaoiiiaeeueiue iieoi?eoeai. ?anoe?aiea ia?ea
aaoiiiaeeueiuo iieoi?eoeaiia aeaeaao /?acau/aeii aeooaeueiie i?iaeaio
cia/eoaeueiiai iiauoaiey eo iaaeaaeiinoe e a?ociiiaeuaiiinoe i?e
iaeiia?aiaiiii oiaiueoaiee iaoaeeiaieinoe e iiauoaiee oaoiieiae/iinoe
ecaioiaeaiey eiino?oeoeee. Yoa i?iaeaia ?aoaaony, a iniiaiii, ia yoaia
i?iaeoe?iaaiey aoaeouaai ecaeaeey. Aaoiiiaeeueiue iieoi?eoeai
i?aaenoaaeyao niaie neiaeioth oaoie/aneoth nenoaio, ?aaioiniiniaiinoue
eioi?ie a oeaeii ii?aaeaeyaony oaoie/aneei ninoiyieai aai ianouae
nenoaiu — ?aiu, iiaeaa?aathuaeny ai a?aiy yenieoaoaoeee cia/eoaeueiui
iaoaie/aneei aicaeaenoaeyi, eiathuei yaii au?aaeaiiue noioanoe/aneee
oa?aeoa?. Iiiaicia/iinoue enoiaeiuo aeaiiuo, neiaeiinoe iino?iaiey
aaeaeaaoiie iiaeaee iai?yaeaiii-aeaoi?ie?iaaiiiai ninoiyiey oceia
iieoi?eoeaia e o?oaeiinoe a oieeiaaiee ?acoeueoaoia yenieoaoaoeeiiiuo e
iaoo?iuo eniuoaiee i?eaiaeyo e oiio, /oi i?iaeoe?iaueee ca/anooth
iacia/atho iaii?aaaeaiii aunieee caian i?i/iinoe eiino?oeoeee ianoueo
nenoai iieoi?eoeaia e oneiaeiytho oaoiieiaeth eo ecaioiaeaiey.
AEeciaiiue oeeee ?aiu iiaeii ?anniao?eaaoue eae ia?aiauaiea iaeioi?ie
neiaeiie nenoaiu, ninoiyuae ec nioai yeaiaioia, a i?ino?ainoaa
ninoiyiee, i?e/ai oaeia ia?aiauaiea iineo aeene?aoiue oa?aeoa?. Eaaeaeia
neaaeothuaa ninoiyiea ioee/aaony io i?aaeuaeouaai ?ac?uaii iaeiie eee
ianeieueeeo naycae a iaeioi?ie enoiaeiie no?oeoo?a. ?aaeueii ?ac?ua
nayce icia/aao oi eee eiia iaoaie/aneia iia?aaeaeaiea ?aiu, a cia/eo
eaaeaeia iiaia ninoiyiea ii?aaeaeyao iiyaeaiea iiaiai iauaeoa — ?aiu n
iiaui ?ani?aaeaeaieai iia?aaeaeaiee. Iainiiaaia iaiaoiaeeiinoue a
nicaeaiee ia yoaia i?iaeoe?iaaiey aaeaeaaoiie aeeiaie/aneie
noioanoe/aneie eieoaoeeiiiie iiaeaee aeeciaiiiai oeeeea ?aiu
iieoi?eoeaia a aeaea aa?iyoiinoiiai aaoiiaoa. Iiaeaeue iicaieyao o/anoue
noioanoe/aneee oa?aeoa? aicieeiiaaiey iia?aaeaeaiee ?aiu, aucaaiiue
iaeii?aaeneacoaiuie oneiaeyie ecaioiaeaiey e yenieoaoaoeee iieoi?eoeaia,
e aeaoa?ieie?iaaiiue oa?aeoa? oao aea iia?aaeaeaiee, auoaeathuee ec
iniaaiiinoae eo eiino?oeoeee. Aeenna?oaoeey auiieiyeanue a niioaaonoaee
n caaeaieyie iao/ii-enneaaeiaaoaeueneie ?aaiou ? 203-19 Iaeanneiai
ainoaea?noaaiiiai iieeoaoie/aneiai oieaa?neoaoa “Oniaa?oainoaiaaiea
iao/ii-yenia?eiaioaeueiiai iaoiaea nicaeaiey e?oiiiaaaa?eoiuo ianoueo
nenoai iiaeeueiuo iaoei e iiauoaiea eo iaaeaaeiinoe” (iiia?
ain?aaeno?aoeee 0195U0123555). Oeaeueth ianoiyuae ?aaiou yaeyaony
iiauoaiea ea/anoaa aaoiiiaeeueiuo iieoi?eoeaiia ca n/ao nicaeaiey e
aiaae?aiey ia noaaeee i?iaeoe?iaaiey oieaa?naeueiie eieoaoeeiiiie
iiaeaee oaoie/aneiai ninoiyiey ianouae nenoaiu iieoi?eoeaia. Aeey
aeinoeaeaiey yoie oeaee ?ac?aaioaia nenoaia i?aaeaa?eoaeueiie
yeni?ann-ioeaiee iaoaeeieiino?oeoeee oeia ?ai ia aaca eieoaoeeiiiie
iiaeaee eo oaoie/aneiai ninoiyiey a yenieoaoaoeee; auiieiai aiaeec
aeeneieaoeee cii oeie/iuo ?ac?ooaiee ?ai iieoi?eoeaiia e ii?aaeaeaiu
aa?iyoiinoe oaeeo ?ac?ooaiee; nicaeaia e ?aaeeciaaia ia YAI iiaeaeue
iai?yaeaiii-aeaoi?ie?iaaiiiai ninoiyiey eiino?oeoeee oeia naa?iuo ?ai,
o/eouaathuay iaeiieaiea e ainnoaiiaeaiea iia?aaeaeaiee a i?ioeanna eo
yenieoaoaoeee; inouanoaeaia i?iaa?ea noaoe/aneie aaeaeaaoiinoe iiaeaee
ii ?acoeueoaoai noaiaeiauo eniuoaiee; auiieiaii n?aaieoaeueiia
eieoaoeeiiiia iiaeaee?iaaiea i?ioeanna yenieoaoaoeee nouanoaothuae e
i?aaeeaaaaiie eiino?oeoeee ?ai iieoi?eoeaia. Iao/iay iiaecia iieo/aiiuo
?acoeueoaoia ninoieo a ?acaeoee e oaeoaeaiee oai?aoe/aneeo e
iaoiaeieiae/aneeo iniia eieoaoeeiiiiai iiaeaee?iaaiey eiino?oeoeee
ianoueo nenoai iieoi?eoeaiia. Iiauie iao/iuie ?acoeueoaoaie
aeenna?oaoeeiiiiai enneaaeiaaiey yaeythony: iiaeaeue i?ioeanna
iaeiieaiey inaaaeineo/aeiuo iia?aaeaeaiee a eiino?oeoeee ?aiu
iiaeoeyoeeae iioiea neo/aeiuo /enae eioi?iaoeeae i ?aaeueiuo niauoeyo,
i?iecioaaeoeo a ?aia iieoi?eoeaia a oneiaeyo onei?aiiuo iieeaiiiuo
eniuoaiee; /eneaiiay iaeeiaeiay iiaeaeue aeey enneaaeiaaiey
yenieoaoaoeee naa?iie ?aiu iieoi?eoeaia ia iniiaa noaiaea?oiiai iaeaoa,
eniieuecothuaai IEY, aaeaioe?iaaiiiai e iiaeaee?iaaieth nenoai,
iaeaieeaathueo iia?aaeaeaiey; iaoiae iiaeaee?iaaiey iaeiieaiey
?ac?ooathueo oaeoi?ia a eiino?oeoeee ?aiu n iiiiuueth ?aeaeiuo eiia/iuo
yeaiaioia; iienaiea aeeiaie/aneeo noioanoe/aneeo nenoaia oeia
aaoiiiaeeueiuo iieoi?eoeaiia, ioee/athueony naienoaii ainnoaiiaeaiey, n
iiiiuueth aa?iyoiinoiuo aaoiiaoia n aeene?aoiui a?aiaiai. I?eiaiaiea
nicaeaiiie a ?aaioa iaoiaeeee yeni?ann-ioeaiee oaeaeueiuo cao?ao ia
yenieoaoaoeeth iaoaeeieiino?oeoeee oeia ?ai iicaieeei nie?aoeoue ia
25% a?aiy e ia 20% ?anoiaeu aaoiiaoece?iaaiiiai i?iaeoe?iaaiey yeaiaioia
ianouae nenoaiu iieoi?eoeaia IaeAC-93571. Auaiaeu, iieo/aiiua a ?aaioa,
iiaeoaa?aeaeaiu a Iao/ii-enneaaeiaaoaeueneii einoeoooa-iieeaiia
iiaeeueiie oaoieee (EIIIIO, a. Iaeanna) e ?aeiiaiaeiaaiu e aiaae?aieth a
eiino?oeoi?neii ath?i “IaeAC – Oaooeaio?”. I?aaeeiaeaiiua iaoiaeu, a
oaeaea aeai?eoiu e i?ia?aiiu, ?ac?aaioaiiua aeey eo ?aaeecaoeee,
aiaae?aiu a o/aaiue i?ioeann ia eaoaae?a “Aaoiiiaeeueiue o?ainii?o”
Iaeanneiai ainoaea?noaaiiiai iieeoaoie/aneiai oieaa?neoaoa e
eniieuecothony a aeenoeeieeiao, eco/athueo eiino?oeoeeth ianoueo nenoai
aaoiiiaeey, iaoiaeu eo iiaeaee?iaaiey e i?iaeoe?iaaiey, a oaeaea a
eo?niaii e aeeieiiiii i?iaeoe?iaaiee.

S.A. Balan. Modeling of automobile regenerated semitrailers vital cycle
at the designing stage. Manuscript. Dissertation seeking the title
Candidate of Technical sciences in the speciality 05.02.02 — Mechanical
engineering. The dissertation considers the development of metallic
constructions type frames technical condition universal simulative
model. The explored object represents an automobile semitrailer. An
analysis of semitrailers frames typical ruptures zones dislocation is
provided as well as the estimation of such ruptures probability. A
computer simulated model for construction type welded frame
stressed-stained state is created. The model allows to take into
consideration the stochastic character of frame’s damages caused by
low-forecast conditions of semitrailer production and exploitation as
well as these damages determined character because of their
constructional particularities.

An accurate verification of this model statistical adequacy to the
results of on-stand testing is provided. This work issued results got
confirmation at the Scientific researcher Institute testing ground for
mobile equipment and were admitted to bringing into production at OdAZ —
Tekhcenter enterprize.

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