1

Oa?e?anueeee Aea?aeaaiee Iie?oaoi?/iee Oi?aa?neoao

Aann?i Aaeaa Aao Aeaoae

OAeE 621.313.33:656.2

IIAeAETHAAIIss OA AEA?? IA?AIAO??A

AeAIOACIEO ANEIO?IIIEO AeAEAOI?A

AeEss IIE?IOAIIss ?IAI*EO AEANOEAINOAE

O?AINII?OIEO AEAEO?IIA?AAeA*

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 05.09.01 — Aeaeo?e/i? iaoeie ? aia?aoe

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiyeaiaeeaeaoa
oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oa?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio iie?oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao?
I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee -eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

?aaiaiei A?oae?e Ieeeoiae/,

Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iie?oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao,

aeioeaio eaoaae?e aeaeo?e/ieo iaoei.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe -aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

sseiae?a Ieaenaiae? ?aaiiae/,

Aea?aeaaiee aa?ieini?/iee oi?aa?neoao “Oa?e?anueeee aa?aoe?eiee
?inoeooo”,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e aia?aaoeee

oa aeaeo?ioaoi?ee;

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Eouee A’y/aneaa Aeaieeiae/,

Oe?a?inueea ?iaeaia?ii-iaaeaaia?/ia aeaaeai?y, i. Oa?e?a,

a??ie/ee oaeoeueoao, i. Noaoaiia,

i?ioani? eaoaae?e a??ie/i? aeaeo?iiaoai?ee.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa -?inoeooo aeaeo?iaeeiai?ee IAI Oe?a?ie, i. Ee?a.

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny 24 /a?aiy 1999 ?. i 14.30

ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 64.050.08 o
Oa?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio iie?oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith:
310002, i. Oa?e?a-2, aoe. O?oica, 21.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iie?oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 22 o?aaiy 1999 ?.

O/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Aietho A.O.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Iaeiei ?c cania?a i?aeaeuaiiy iaae?eiino? ?iaioe
aeaeo?iia?aaea/ iiooaeieo eieiiioea?a c aaoiiiiiith aeaeo?iia?aaea/ath
(oaieiaice, aacioo?aiaice) ? cai?ia oyaiaeo eieaeoi?ieo aeaeaoi?a
iino?eiiai no?oio ia aneio?iii? /anoioii-ea?iaai? iaoeie. Aei?iaoaaiiy
a?o/eciyiiai iaeaoiiai c?acea oaieiaica OA120, iaeaaeiaiiai o?eoacieie
aneio?iiieie aeaeaoiaie c aeeaeaiiyi iaiioee noaoi?a a?ae noaoe/iiai
ia?aoai?thaa/a /anoioe (NI*), iieacaee caaeia?euei? aia?aaoe/i? oa
aenieoaoaoe?ei? eiai oa?aeoa?enoeee. O oie naiee /an c’ynoaaeinue, ui
i?e ?icoiaeaeaii? ia?aiao??a oyaiaeo aneio?iiieo aeaeaoi?a (OAAe) aai
i?e ??ciiio ??ai? ciino aaiaeaae?a eie?nieo ia? aeaeaoie iathoue
iaiaeiaeiaa iaaaioaaeaiiy, ui ia aeicaiey? iiai?noth aeei?enoaoe ?o
noia?io iiooaei?noue. Oey ianoaaeia aeiaaa? aeei?enoiaoaaoe a oae?e
ia?aaea/? ie?ai? aaoiiiii? ?iaa?oi?e iai?oae (A?I) ia eiaeiee OAAe.
Eaoaae?ith «Aeaeo?e/i? iaoeie» Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iie?oaoi?/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo (OAeIO) ?acii c IAe? «Aeaeo?iaaaeiao» aoei cai?iiiiiaaii
noaio aeaeo?iia?aaea/? ci?iii-ci?iiiai no?oio, aea aeeaeaiiy iaiioie
noaoi??a o?ueio aeaioacieo oyaiaeo aneio?iiieo aeaeaoi?a (AeOAAe)
cae?enith?oueny a?ae aeaio o?eoacieo A?I. Oaea noaia, aeath/e
iiaeeea?noue i?aeaeueoe iaae?ei?noue oa ciaioeoe ianiaaaa?eoi? iieacieee
ia?aaea/?, ia? niaoeeo?/i? iniaeeaino?, ye? iio?aaothoue niaoe?aeueieo
oai?aoe/ieo, ?ic?aooieiaeo oa aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue. Oe?
ieoaiiy ? aeooaeueieie ? yaeythoue niaith iaoeiaee oa i?aeoe/iee
?ioa?an.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie oa oaiaie. ?iaioa
aeeiioaaeanue ca ocaiaeaeaiiyi c IAe? «Aeaeo?iaaaeiao» a iaaeao i?ia?ai:

1. Caaaeueiinithcia iaoeiai-oaoi?/ia i?ia?aia «Nicaeaiea e inaiaiea a
yenieoaoaoeee aunieiyooaeoeaiuo e oaoiieiae/iuo i?ioeannia ia
aeaeaciiaei?iaeiii o?ainii?oa». (Caoaa?aeaeaia Iinoaiiaith AeEIO N?N?
? 535 a?ae 31.12.86 ?.).

2. Iinoaiiaa Eaa?iaoo I?i?no??a Oe?a?ie ? 386 a?ae 04.06.94 ?. «I?i
noai?aiiy aeecaeue-ii?cae?a oa aeaeo?iaic?a».

Iaoa ? caaea/? ?iaioe. Iaoith ?iaioe ? aea?? ia?aiao??a ia?aeaeueii
i?aoethth/eo aeaioacieo aneio?iiieo aeaeaoi?a, ye? caaacia/othoue
iaae?eio ?iaioo aeaiaio?a aeaeo?iia?aaea/? oaieiaic?a o ianoaoe?iia?ieo
?aaeeiao.

Aeinyaiaiiy oe??? iaoe aoei caaacia/aii oeyoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ?aaeei?a
ioneo, naiicaoaeaeaiiy oa aaia?aoi?iiai aaeueioaaiiy ca iaoaiaoe/iith
iiaeaeeth a?oie ia?aeaeueii aa?ieiaieo aeaeaoi?a, ui ?ic?iaeaia ia
iniia? oai??? ocaaaeueiaii? aeaeo?e/ii? iaoeie.

Iaoaiaoe/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieeee ioe?ieoe ae?aiacii ci?ie
ia?aiao??a iaiioie noaoi?a e ?ioi?a, i?e yeeo nieanee aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai
iiiaioo oa no?oio a iaiiooe? noaoi?a ia ia?aaeuothoue iaaacia/i?
cia/aiiy c oi/ee ci?o iaae?eiino? ?iaioe neeiaeo aeaiaio?a
ia?aoai?thaa/a /anoioe oa iaoai?/ieo aoce?a aeaeo?iia?aaea/?.

O ca’yceo c oeei iaiao?aeii aoei ae??oeoe oae? caaea/?:

— i?iaanoe ioe?ieo ae??aithth/eo aeanoeainoae a?oiiai? noaie aa?ieiaiiy
aneio?iiieo aeaeaoi?a a onoaeaieo ?aaeeiao;

— ioe?ieoe aieea ia?aiao??a iaiioie aeaeaoi?a ia nieanee no?oio oa
aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiiaioo a ia?ao?aeieo ?aaeeiao ?c a?aooaaiiyi
ianeioni?aeiino? aeeaeaiiy;

— aecia/eoe iiaeeeaino? noaie ae??aithaaoe iaaaioaaeaiiy a ia?ao?aeieo
?aaeeiao ioneo, naiicaoaeaeaiiy oa aaia?aoi?iiai aaeueioaaiiy e aeaoe
?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei aeai?o ia?aiao??a iaiioie, i?e yeeo nieanee no?oio
a iaiiooe? noaoi?a ia ia?aaeuothoue iaaacia/i? cia/aiiy;

— i?iaanoe aenia?eiaioaeueio ioe?ieo iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a
oai?aoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe. Aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy ia?ao?aeieo ?aaeei?a ioneo,
naiicaoaeaeaiiy oa aaia?aoi?iiai aaeueioaaiiy aoei ?ic?iaeaii
oi?aa?naeueio iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue aeey a?oiiaiai aa?ieiaiiy aeaioacieo
aneio?iiieo aeaeaoi?a, ui i?aoeththoue a?ae noaoe/iiai ia?aoai?thaa/a
/anoioe.

Cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiae a?aooaaiiy ianeioni?aeiino? aeeaeaiiy iaiioie
noaoi?a oeyoii caaaeaiiy ?ic?iaeaieo eiioooth/eo ooieoe?e ia?aoai?thaa/a
/anoioe, ye? a?aoiaothoue iiaiee niaeo? aa?iii?e ?aaeueii? iai?oae.

Oai?aoe/i? oa ?ic?aooieia? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeaee iiaeeea?noue iiaoaeoaaoe
iaeano? i?iaeooaaiiy c a?aooaaiiyi ia?ao?aeieo ?aaeei?a, ye?
aeicaieythoue ia aoai? i?iaeooaaiiy aeaeaoi?a aeae?aoe ia?aiao?e iaiioie
oaeei /eiii, uia nieanee no?oio ia ia?aaeuoaaee iaaacia/ieo cia/aiue
aeey aeaiaio?a aeaeo?iia?aaea/?.

Iaea?aeai? a ?iaio? ?acoeueoaoe iiaeooue ?icaeyaeaoeny ye iiaeaeueoee
?icaeoie oai??? iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy /anoioii-ea?iaaieo
aneio?iiieo aeaeaoi?a.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? o noai?aii? iaoiaeee
oa aeai?eoi?a ?ic?aooieo AeOAAe, ye? aeicaieythoue cae?enithaaoe ia
aoai? i?iaeooaaiiy aea?? ia?aiao??a iaoeie, i?e yeeo caaacia/o?oueny
iaae?eia ?iaioa aeaeo?iia?aaea/? a on?o aenieoaoaoe?eieo ?aaeeiao.
?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? i?e ?ic?iaoe? oa noai?aii?
oaieiaic?a oa ?ioeo o?ainii?oieo cania?a c aeaeo?iia?aaea/ath
ci?iii-ci?iiiai no?oio ia IAI «Aeaeo?iaaaeiao» oa ?ioeo i?aei?e?inoaao
Oe?a?ie, ui caeiathoueny ae?iaieoeoaii /anoioii-ea?iaaieo aneio?iiieo
aeaeaoi?a aeey cae?cie/iiai oa i?nueeiai aeaeo?io?ainii?oo.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a a iaea?aeaiiy iaoeiaeo ?acoeueoao?a, ye?
aeiinyoueny ia caoeno:

— iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo iiaeeeainoae cai?iiiiiaaii? aeaeo?iia?aaea/?
uiaei ae??aithaaiiy iaaaioaaeaiue AeOAAe o noaoe/iiio ?aaeei? i?e
?icoiaeaeaii? ?o ia?aiao??a;

— iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue ianoaoe?iia?ieo ?aaeei?a ?iaioe AeOAAe (ione,
naiicaoaeaeaiiy, aaia?aoi?ia aaeueioaaiiy) ?c a?aooaaiiyi
ianeioni?aeiino? aeeaeaiiy oa iane/aiiy iaai?oii?iaiaeo;

— aeai?eoie ?ic?aooieo ianoaoe?iia?ieo ?aaeei?a ?iaioe AeOAAe oa aiae?c
?o oa?aeoa?enoee;

— ioe?iea ?acoeueoao?a oai?aoe/ieo oa aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy oa ?acoeueoaoe
?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeenue ia I?aeia?iaeieo iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo
o 1994 — 1996 ??. (Oa?e?a, Oe?a?ia — I?oeieueoe, Oai?ueia — Iaaaeaao?a,
I?ia//eia); ia ui??/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai
neeaaeo OAeIO o 1995 — 1998 ??. oa iaoeiaeo nai?ia?ao IAI Oe?a?ie
“Iaoeia? iniiae aeaeo?iaia?aaoeee” (i. Oa?e?a).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 9 iaoeiaeo
i?aoeue.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, 5
?icae?e?a, aeniiaeo, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae oa aeiaeaoea. I?noeoue
119 n. iniiaiiai oaenoo, 77 ?ethno?aoe?e ia 59 n., 5 oaaeeoeue ia 5 n.,
nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae c 83 iaeiaioaaiue ia 8 n. ? aeiaeaoie ia 36
n.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? iaaaaeaii ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c aia?aaoe/ieo oa
ianiaaaa?eoieo iieaciee?a ??cieo oei?a aeaeo?iia?aaea/ oaieiaic?a ?
c?iaeaii aeniiaie i?i aeioe?euei?noue aeei?enoaiiy ia?aaea/?
ci?iii-ci?iiiai no?oio c aneio?iiieie oyaiaeie aeaeaoiaie, ye?
ea?othoueny a?ae noaoe/ieo ia?aoai?thaa/?a /anoioe. Iaeiei c iaaeie?e?a
noaie ? iaiao?aei?noue ie?aiiai ?aaoethaaiiy eiaeiiai c OAAe ca
/anoioith aeeaeaiiy a?ae aeaniiai A?I, oiio ui i?e ??cieoe? ia?aiao??a
OAAe aai ??ciiio ??ai? ciino aaiaeaae?a eie?nieo ia? aeaeaoie iathoue
??cia iaaaioaaeaiiy (i?e caaaeueiiio aeaea?ae? aeeaeaiiy), ui ia
aeicaiey? iiai?noth aeei?enoaoe ?o noia?io iiooaei?noue.

Aiae?c a?aeiieo niinia?a ae??aithaaiiy iaaaioaaeaiiy ia?aeaeueii
i?aoethth/eo aneio?iiieo iaoei (aeei?enoaiiy ae??aithth/eo
o?ainoi?iaoi??a, aeiiii?aeii? iaiioee ia noaoi??, ca?aeii-iine?aeiaia
aa?ieiaiiy iaiioie) iieaco?, ui an?i ?i aeanoea? o? /e ?io? aeineoue
nooo?a? iaaeie?ee. Ciaioeoe e?euee?noue A?I, ye? ? iaeiaio iaae?eieie
aeaiaioaie ia?aaea/?, iiaeia, aeei?enoaaoe noaio c aeaioacieie oyaiaeie
aeaeaoiaie, ui ?ic?iaeaia eaoaae?ith «Aeaeo?e/i? iaoeie» OAeIO ?acii c
IAe? «Aeaeo?iaaaeiao», yeo iaaaaeaii ia ?en. 1. O?e AeOAAe iaea?aeothoue
aeeaeaiiy a?ae aeaio o?eoacieo A?I, eiaeiee c yeeo aeeaeoue iaeiieiaii?
oace aeaeaoi?a. Aeo?aei? iai?oae iaeiiai c A?I cnoioo? ca oacith
a?aeiinii ae?oaiai ia /2, ui caaacia/o? noai?aiiy a AeOAAe e?oaiaiai
iaa?oiaiai iiey.

?ic?aooieiaa ioe?iea ae??aithth/eo aeanoeainoae oe??? noaie a noaoe/iiio
?aaeei? i?e ??cieo ia?aiao?ao AeOAAe iieaco?, ui oeae ?aaeei iiaeia
?icaeyaeaoe ye oa?ieiaiiy ianeiao?e/iiai iaaaioaaeaiiy (aea?aaeaioieo
iiaieo iii??a noai cai?uaiiy iaeiieiaiieo oac AeOAAe) ia neiao?e/io
o?eoacio nenoaio iai?oa (oaci? iai?oae iaeiiai c A?I), ye iieacaii ia
?en. 2. I?e ?ic?aooieao eiacaiiy an?o o?ueio AeOAAe i?eeiaeenue ??cieie:
eiacaiiy iaeiiai aeaeaoia — ia ??ai? iii?iaeueiiai, a aeaio ?ioeo — c
a?aeoeeaiiyi o oie /e ?ioee a?e. ?ic?aooiee ?iaeeenue (o a?aeiinieo
iaeeieoeyo) aeey cia/aiue ia?aiao??a, ui a?aeiia?aeathoue OAAe
eieiiioeaa OA120 oeio AAe-900. O oaaeeoe? 1 iaaaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe
?ic?aooie?a ?iceeaeo cia/aiue no?oio noaoi?a AeOAAe a caeaaeiino? a?ae
?iceeaeo eiacaiue. Oaeiae aea?oueny ii??aiyiiy oeueiai ?iceeaeo aeey
noaie c ia?aeaeueiei aeeaeaiiyi AeOAAe c aeiaaeeii aeeaeaiiy aeaeaoi?a
a?ae ie?aieo A?I. Ca oeeie ?acoeueoaoaie iiaeia c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui
iaa?oue i?e a?aeoeeaii? eiacaiue ia 40 % ?iceeae cia/aiue no?oio
noaoi??a AeOAAe ia ia?aaeuo? 6,5 % i?ioe 21 % o aeiaaeeo ?icae?eueiiai
aeeaeaiiy aeaeaoi?a.

Oaaeeoey 1 — Ae??aithaaiiy iaaaioaaeaiiy AeOAAe o noaoe/iiio ?aaeei?

?iceeae eiacaiue, %?iceeae no?oi?a noaoi??a, %ia?aeaeueia
aeeaeaiiy?icae?eueia aeeaeaiiy10

25

400,9

3,6

6,5 7,8

14,5

21,0

Aieea ?ioeo ia?aiao??a AeOAAe cia/ii neaae?oee.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? ?ic?iaeaii iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue ia?ao?aeieo
i?ioean?a AeOAAe o ?aaeeiao ioneo, naiicaoaeaeaiiy oa aaia?aoi?iiai
aaeueioaaiiy. Oey iiaeaeue iiaeiia aeaaaoe iiaeeea?noue ioe?ithaaoe
nieanee no?oio noaoi?a a ia?ao?aeieo ?aaeeiao, ye? iiaeooue aooe
iaaacia/ieie aeey neeiaeo oe?enoi??a A?I, a oaeiae aieea ia?aiao??a
AeOAAe ia aaee/eio oeeo nieane?a, ui aeicaiey? ?ic?iaeoe ?aeiiaiaeaoe??
uiaei i?iaeooaaiiy oyaiaeo aeaeaoi?a. Aaaeeeaith ? oaeiae ioe?iea
aeeiai?/ieo iiiaio?a, ye? aa?aioothoue aacaaa??eio ?iaioo iaoai?/ieo
aoce?a.

Ci?ia iaaaioaaeaiiy iaeiiai c aeaeaoi?a aaaea aei ci?ie eiacaiiy, ui
a?aeiia?aea? ci?i? iii?o eiai noaie cai?uaiiy. I?e oeueiio c’yaey?oueny
iai?oaa ioeueiai? iine?aeiaiino?, aiane?aeie /iai ci?iththoueny oaci?
iai?oae ia?aeaeueii i?aoethth/eo aeaeaoi?a. Iai?oaa ioeueiai?
iine?aeiaiino? a ia?ao?aeieo ?aaeeiao aacia?a?aii ci?ith?oueny, ui
noai?th? iaai? o?oaeiiu? i?e /enaeueiiio ?ioaa?oaaii?. O ca’yceo c oeei
o?aaa ia?aeoe aei aeeoa?aioe?eieo ??aiyiue, ye? caienai? a?aeiinii
e?i?eieo iai?oa, ui oe?iei aena?oeaii o a?aeiia?aei?e e?oa?aoo??.

Caien aeeoa?aioe?eieo ??aiyiue aeey ?ic?aooieo ia?ao?aeieo ?aaeei?a
AeOAAe c?o/ii aeeiioaaoe a eii?aeeiaoieo inyo , (ia?ooiieo a?aeiinii
noaoi?a), oei ia/a, ui aeey aeaioacieo iaoei, ia a?aei?io a?ae
o?eoacieo, iaia iio?aae o cai?ioiiio ia?aoiae? aei oacii? nenoaie
eii?aeeiao a, b, c. Oiae? i?ney ia?aoai?thaaiue ia?ii aeey e?i?eieo
iai?oa noaoi??a AeOAAe ii in? :

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???u?????????»????-?????6E???6n???6#???6???u y
????aea wmetafile8? ??O????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
 A???&??yyyy?????Ayyy»yyy???[?? ???&?
?MathType???????u@th??????wmetafile8? ??U????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
 `???&??yyyy?????Ayyy»yyy ??[?? ???&?
?MathType???????u@th??????wmetafile8? ??a????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
 `???&??yyyy?????Ayyy»yyy ??[?? ???&?
?MathType???????u@th??????Aeeiiaaoe a?aeiia?aei? ia?aoai?aiiy aeey in?
, iaea?aeeii nenoaio aeeoa?aioe?eieo ??aiyiue, yea a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae
iaaaaeaii? aeua eeoa ?iaeaenaie i?e ci?iieo.

Aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy aeaeo?iiaoai?/ieo i?ioean?a, iia’ycaieo ?c ci?iith
/anoioe iaa?oaiiy AeOAAe, iaea?aeaio nenoaio aeeoa?aioe?eieo ??aiyiue
iaiao?aeii aeiiiaieoe ??aiyiiyi ?ooo, yea a?aeoai?th? iaoai?/iee ca’ycie
i?ae eie?nieie ia?aie oa eie??th, i?e/iio ?icaeyaeaoe aeey ia?aeaeueii
i?aoethth/eo aeaeaoi?a ia ?oo eiaeiiai ?ioi?a ie?aii, a iaeii/ania
iaa?oaiiy an??? a?oie AeOAAe. I?e oaeiio i?aeoiae? ??aiyiiy ?ooo iiaeia
caienaoe ye

wmetafile8? ?????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? 
@???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy???E?? ???&? ?MathType??0
???u?????????»????-?????V@????V1/2???Vy???V???u
‡y ????aea wmetafile8? ??«????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
 @???&??yyyy?????Ayyy»yyy???[?? ???&?
?MathType???????u@th??????wmetafile8? ??¬????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????  
???&??yyyy?????Ayyy»yyya??[?? ???&?
?MathType???????u@th??????wmetafile8? ??A????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? @
???&??yyyy?????Ayyy»yyya??u?? ???&?
?MathType??P????u@th??????Aeaeo?iiaai?oiee iiiaio eiaeiiai c AeOAAe
ciaoiaeeoueny ye

wmetafile8? ??O???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
aA???&??yyyy?????Ayyy«yyy???‹?? ???&? ?MathType??
???u?????????»????-?????V???Vth???u‡y ????wmetafile8?
??O??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? a ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy«yyya??‹?? ???&?
?MathType?? ???u?????????»????-?????V!???V ???u‡y
????wmetafile8? ??O???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
a`???&??yyyy?????Ayyy«yyy ??‹?? ???&? ?MathType??
???u?????????»????-?????Vu???VO???u‡y ????a
?acoeueooth/ee iiiaio on??? a?oie aeaeaoi?a —

wmetafile8? ??u????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
 a???&??yyyy?????Ayyyyyy ??M?? ???&?
?MathType??`????u?th??????Iaeaaaeeea?oei ieoaiiyi ? oaeiae a?aooaaiiy
ianeioni?aeiino? iai?oae aeeaeaiiy iaiioie noaoi??a AeOAAe, yea
oa?aeoa?ia aeey aeaeo?iia?aaea/ ci?iii-ci?iiiai no?oio e ia? iii?oiee
aieea ia oa?aeoa?enoeee oyaiaeo aeaeaoi?a. O ?iaio? aeei?enoaii
aiae?oe/iee iaoiae caaaeaiiy «nooi?i/anoiai» oa?aeoa?o oacii? iai?oae ca
aeiiiiiaith eiioooth/i? ooieoe??, yeee aeey aeiaaeeo ?icae?eueiiai
aeeaeaiiy oyaiaeo aeaeaoi?a a?ae ie?aieo A?I ?icaeyiooi a e?oa?aoo??.
Aea aeine?aeaeaiiy a?oiiaiai aa?ieiaiiy AeOAAe iio?aao? ?ic?iaee a
cai?iiiiiaai?e iaoaiaoe/i?e iiaeae? niiniao aiae?oe/iiai caaaeaiiy
e?i?eieo iai?oa ia noaoi?ao ia?aeaeueii i?aoethth/eo oyaiaeo aeaeaoi?a.
A?aeiia?aei? ae?ace e oa?aeoa? ci?ie iai?oae oa ?? eiioooth/i? ooieoe??
iiaeaii ia ?en. 3.

Iaea?aeaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue ? oi?aa?naeueiith e aeicaiey? aeeiioaaoe
?ic?aooieia? aeine?aeaeaiiy an?o aenieoaoaoe?eieo ?aaeei?a. Aea ne?ae
caoaaaeeoe, ui eiaeiee c ieo ia? niaoeeo?/i? iniaeeaino?, ui iio?aao?
aianaiiy iaaieo ei?aeoea?a aei caaaeueii? nenoaie aeeoa?aioe?eieo
??aiyiue. Oae, iai?eeeaae, yeui a ?aaeei? ioneo e ?icaiio i?e noaeiio
iiiaio? iane/aiiy iaai?oii?iaiaeo iiaeia aaaaeaoe iaci?iiei, oi a
?aaeei? naiicaoaeaeaiiy, a iio?i ? aaia?aoi?iiai aaeueioaaiiy iaiao?aeii
a?aoiaoaaoe eiai ci?io aiane?aeie ia?ai?uaiiy ?iai/i? oi/ee ii
oa?aeoa?enoeoe? oieinoiai oiaeo.

Iae?i?ei?noue iaai?oii?iaiaeo iiaeia a?aooaaoe, aeei?enoaaoe
ai?ieneiaoe?th aeaeyaeo

wmetafile8? ??R???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
A ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy`??z?? ???&? ?MathType???????u‡y
????aea wmetafile8? ??a????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
`????&??yyyy?????Ayyy»yyyA???? ???&?
?MathType??`????u@th??????A, A — eiao?oe??ioe ai?ieneiaoe??.

Oiae? aieiaio ?iaeoeoeai?noue wmetafile8? ??¬????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? `
???&??yyyy?????Ayyy»yyya???? ???&?
?MathType??`????u@th??????wmetafile8? ??O???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
aA???&??yyyy?????Ayyy«yyy???‹?? ???&? ?MathType??
???u?????????»????-?????V»???V|???u@th??????Ua iaei??th
iniaeea?noth ?icaeyaeoaaiiai ?aaeeio ? iiaeeea?noue aneio?iiii? iaoeie
i?e ?iaio? a?ae A?I naiicaoaeaeoaaoenue ca a?aenooi?noth aaoa?a?
eiiaeainaoi??a. O ?yae? aeine?aeaeaiue iieacaii, ui a oeueiio aeiaaeeo
A?I iiaea aooe iiaeaii ye aea?aaeaioiee ?ii?niee ii?? wmetafile8?
??I???????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? ` ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy»yyya???? ???&?
?MathType??`????u@th??????wmetafile8? ??A???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
`?)???&??yyyy?????Ayyy»yyyA(???? ???&?
?MathType??`????u@th??????(oae naii e aeey in? ).

?acoeueoaoe ?ic?aooie?a ?aaeeio naiicaoaeaeaiiy ? ii/aoeiaeie aeey
aeine?aeaeaiiy aaia?aoi?iiai aaeueioaaiiy. A aaoiiiii?e nenoai? aia?a?y
aaeueioaaiiy ?icn?th?oueny ia aaeueioaaeueiiio ?acenoi?? wmetafile8?
??????????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
???????  `???&??yyyy?????Ayyyyyy ??M?? ???&?
?MathType??`????u?th??????wmetafile8? ??T?????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
`@???&??yyyy?????Ayyy°yyy????? ???&?
?MathType??`????&??yyyy??????????wmetafile8? ??(???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?????&??yyyy?????Ayyy»yyyA??;?? ???&? ?MathType??0
???u?????????»????-?????¶l ???¶_???¤?????a ???u??
???????»????-????‹a??? :???-?????
B???m?®???m?®???m?¤???¶d
???¶Ae???u@th??????E??i oiai, aeey ciaoiaeaeaiiy iai?oae ia
aea?aaeaioi?e ?iiino? A?I nenoaio o?aaa aeiiiaieoe ??aiyiiyi ??aiiaaae
eiioo?a naiicaoaeaeaiiy:

wmetafile8? ??_???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
a????&??yyyy?????Ayyy«yyyA??‹?? ???&? ?MathType??
???u?????????»????-?????V+???V????u@th??????O?ao?e
?icae?e i?enay/aii ?ic?aooieiaei aeine?aeaeaiiyi ?aaeeio ioneo, yeee
aeey AeOAAe cae?enith?oueny aieeaiiyi iaiioee noaoi?a ia iai?oao ?c
ciaioaieie aiie?ooaeith oa /anoioith. Ii/aoeia? /anoioa oa iai?oaa ia
iiaeii? ia?aaeuoaaoe cia/aiue, i?e yeeo no?oi noaoi?a oa iiiaio
aeinyaathoue iaaacia/iiai ??aiy; c ?ioiai aieo, ?o caiaaeoi iae?
cia/aiiy iiaeooue i?ecaanoe aei iiyae oae caaiiai «e?ieiaiai» aoaeoo
(aeene?aoiiai iaa?oaiiy ?ioi?a). E??i oiai, aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy ia?
??aaiue ioeuenaoe?e no?oio oa iiiaioo ye i?ioyaii ioneo, oae ? i?ney
aeoiaeo ia noaeee ??aaiue, ye? coiiaeai? ianeioni?aei?noth iai?oae
noaoi?a. Ia ?en. 4 iieacaii oeiiao ea?oeio ci?ie /anoioe iaa?oaiiy oa
iiiaioo i?ae /an ioneo. sse iiaeia aa/eoe, i?ney aeoiaeo AeOAAe ia
noaeee ?aaeei o a?ao?eo iiiaioo i?enooi? aeniei/anoioi? ioeuenaoe??,
i?e/iio ?ic?aooieaie anoaiiaeaii, ui i?e neioni?aei?e iai?oc? noaoi?a
oe? ioeuenaoe?? a?aenooi?. O ?iaio? i?iaaaeaii ioe?ieo caeaaeiino? ??aiy
oeeo ioeuenaoe?e a?ae /anoioe. C’yniaaii, ui iaeneiaeueia cia/aiiy
eiao?oe??ioa ioeuenaoe?e a?aeiia?aea? a?aeiiniiio cia/aiith /anoioe ( =
0,33…0,37).

Oa?aeoa? ci?ie no?oi?a noaoi?a AeOAAe, eiee aiie iathoue ??ci? eiacaiiy,
iaaaaeaii ia ?en. 5, c yeiai aeaeii, ui e a ?aaeei? ioneo no?oie
noaoi??a ia?aeaeueii i?aoethth/eo AeOAAe i?aeoe/ii iaeiaeia?, ui
na?ae/eoue i?i caeaoi?noue ?icaeyaeoaaii? noaie ae??aithaaoe
iaaaioaaeaiiy aeaeaoi?a.

Aeae? a o?aoueiio ?icae?e? aoei i?iaaaeaii aiae?c aieeao ia?aiao??a
AeOAAe ia ??aaiue iaeneiaeueieo nieane?a no?oio noaoi?a oa iiiaioo ?
c’yniaaii, ui iaea?eueoee aieea ia oe? aaee/eie iathoue aeoeai? iii?e
iaiioie noaoi?a e ?ioi?a, a oaeiae c’yniaaii ?o aeiionoei? cia/aiiy.

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? aoee i?iaaaeai? ?ic?aooieia? aeine?aeaeaiiy
?aaeei?a naiicaoaeaeaiiy oa aaia?aoi?iiai aaeueioaaiiy.

Ia ?en. 6 iieacai? oa?aeoa?enoeee ci?ie iai?oae noaoi?a c
aeoiaeii ia anoaeaiee ?aaeei. ?ic?aooiee iieacothoue, ui aeeiai?/iee
aaeueioth/ee iiiaio o i?ioean? naiicaoaeaeaiiy ia /anoioo iaa?oaiiy
?ioi?a i?aeoe/ii ia aieeaa? ? eiai iiaeia ia a?aoiaoaaoe. Iaea?aeai?
cia/aiiy no?oio e iai?oae a onoaeaiiio ?aaeei? aeei?enoiaothoueny ye
ii/aoeia? i?e ?ic?aooieao oa?aeoa?enoee aaia?aoi?iiai aaeueioaaiiy.
Oaeiae aoa i?iaaaeaiee aiae?c aieeao ia oe? aaee/eie ia?aiao??a
aeaeo?iia?aaea/? e AeOAAe, yeee na?ae/eoue, ui iaea?eueoee aieea iathoue
cia/aiiy /anoioe eiiooaoe?? oe?enoi??a ia?aoai?thaa/a, eiacaiiy AeOAAe
oa ?o aieiaii? ?iaeoeoeaiino?, a ??aaiue ii/aoeiai? iai?oae i?aeoe/ii?
?ie? ia a?ae?a?a?. Iaea?aeaaoe ii/aoeia? cia/aiiy no?oio oa iai?oae
noaoi?a, iiaeia ia?aeoe aei ?ic?aooieo aaia?aoi?iiai aaeueioaaiiy.
Oeiiao ea?oeio oeueiai i?ioeano cia?aaeaii ia ?en. 7, c yeiai aeaeii, ui
i?ioean aaeueioaaiiy noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny iiyaith cia/ieo ioeuenaoe?e
iiiaioo ?, ye iane?aeie, ia??aiii??iei ciaioaiiyi /anoioe iaa?o?a .
Iaeiei c aaaeeeaeo oaeoi??a, ui aieeaathoue ia oa?aeoa?enoeee
aaeueioaaiiy, ? caeii ciaioaiiy /anoioe, yeee coiiaeth? ??aaiue
iaaaoeaiiai eiacaiiy.

?en. 7 ?ethno?o? i?ioean aaeueioaaiiy i?e e?i?eiiio wmetafile8?
??T????????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? `@???&??yyyy?????Ayyy»yyy????? ???&?
?MathType??`????&??yyyy??????????wmetafile8? ??f???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
`a???&??yyyy?????Ayyy»yyy ???? ???&?
?MathType??`????u@th??????Ca ?acoeueoaoaie ?ic?aooieiaeo
aeine?aeaeaiue iiaoaeiaaii o?ei??io ciio iniiaieo ia?aiao??a iaoeie
(?en. 8), i?e yeeo o aoaeue-yeiio c iniiaieo aenieoaoaoe?eieo ?aaeei?a
caaacia/o?oueny iaae?eia ?iaioa aeaeo?iia?aaea/? oaieiaica.

O i’yoiio ?icae?e? iaaaaeaii ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue, iaoith yeeo aoea ia?aa??ea a??ia?aeiino? oai?aoe/ieo
iieiaeaiue ? ?ic?aooieiaeo ?acoeueoao?a, iaea?aeaieo o ?iaio?.

Aenia?eiaio i?iaiaeeany ia na??eieo aneio?iiieo iaoeiao na??? A??,
ia?aiao?e yeeo (o a?aeiinieo iaeeieoeyo) a?ae??ciythoueny a?ae
?ic?aooieiaeo ia?aiao??a AeOAAe ia a?eueo ye ia 7…9 %, ui, a?aoiaoth/e
?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaio?a IAI «Aeaeo?iaaaeiao», aeicaiey? aaaaeaoe
iaeaoio onoaiiaeo oaeith, ui a?aeiia?aea? iinoaaeaiiio caaaeaiith.
?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeieo aei?iaoaaiue iieacothoue, ui iaea?eueo?
a?aeoeeaiiy a?ae ?ic?aooieiaeo ?acoeueoao?a ia ia?aaeuothoue:

8…9 % — aeey ?aaeei?a ioneo e aaia?aoi?iiai aaeueioaaiiy;

12…14 % — aeey ?aaeeio naiicaoaeaeaiiy,

ui aeicaiey? aaaaeaoe oai?aoe/i? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe oaeeie, ye?
a?aeiia?aeathoue ?aaeueiei i?ioeanai o AeOAAe c oi/i?noth, i?eeiyoith
aeey ?iaeaia?ieo ?ic?aooie?a.

O aeiaeaoeo iaaaaeaii i?ia?aie oa aeai?eoie ?ic?aooie?a ia?ao?aeieo
?aaeei?a AeOAAe.

INIIAI? AENIIAEE OA ?ACOEUeOAOE ?IAIOE

1. I?iaaaeaii aiae?c oa?aeoa?enoee oa iniaeeainoae ??cieo oei?a
aeaeo?iia?aaea/ eieiiioea?a ? c’yniaaii, ui noai? c AeOAAe i?eoaiaiiee
?yae iiceoeaieo yeinoae, ye? iio?aaothoue iiaeaeueoeo aeine?aeaeaiue.
C’yniaaii, ui a?aeii? niiniae ae??aithaaiiy iaaaioaaeaiiy ia?aeaeueii
i?aoethth/eo aneio?iiieo iaoei ia aeicaieythoue aeei?enoiaoaaoe ?o a
aeaeo?iia?aaea/ao oaieiaic?a.

2. Aeiaaaeaii, ui noaia aeaeo?iia?aaea/? c AeOAAe oa o?eoacieie A?I ia?
aeanoea?noue ae??aithaaoe iaaaioaaeaiiy i?ae aeaeaoiaie i?e ?o ?iaio? a
noaoe/ieo ?aaeeiao.

3. ?ic?iaeaii iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue, yea aeicaiey? i?iaiaeeoe ?ic?aooiee
aenieoaoaoe?eieo ia?ao?aeieo ?aaeei?a AeOAAe (ioneo, naiicaoaeaeaiiy oa
aaia?aoi?iiai aaeueioaaiiy) aeey ??cieo ia?aiao??a ? caeii?a
?aaoethaaiiy /anoioe i?e a?oiiaiio aieeaii? (ia?aeaeuei?e ?iaio? ia
caaaeueia iaaaioaaeaiiy).

4. ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeee oa aeai?eoie ?ic?aooieo oa?aeoa?enoee AeOAAe o
an?o iniiaieo ?aaeeiao ?iaioe ia caaaeueia iaaaioaaeaiiy c o?aooaaiiyi
ianeioni?aeiino? iai?oae ia noaoi?? oa iane/aiiy iaai?oii?iaiaeo iaoeie.

5. Aecia/aii iaae? ci?ie iniiaieo ia?aiao??a noaie cai?uaiiy AeOAAe, i?e
yeeo caaacia/o?oueny iaae?eia ?iaioa an?o aeaiaio?a aeaeo?iia?aaea/? a
ia?ao?aeieo ?aaeeiao.

6. ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue
a??ia?aei?noue oai?aoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue ? ?ic?aooieiaeo ?acoeueoao?a,
iaaaaeaieo o ?iaio?.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

1. Aao Aeaoae Aannei. O/ao ianeionieaeaeueiinoe ieoaiey a
iaoaiaoe-/aneie iiaeaee a?oiiiaiai aeeth/aiey aneio?iiiuo aeaeaaoaeae //
Aanoi. Oa?uee. ain. iieeoaoi. oi-oa.- 1999.- Aui. 32.- N. 3-6.

2. Aao Aeaoae Aannei. Yenia?eiaioaeueiia enneaaeiaaiea aeaoooaciuo
/anoioii-oi?aaeyaiuo aneio?iiiuo aeaeaaoaeae // Aanoi. Oa?uee. ain.
iieeoaoi. oi-oa.- 1999.- Aui. 32.- N. 17-21.

3. Aao Aeaoae Aannei. Au?aaieaaiea iaa?ocie aeaoooaciuo aneio?ii-iuo
aeaeaaoaeae i?e a?oiiiaii aeeth/aiee a onoaiiaeaoainy ?aaeeia // Aanoi.
Oa?uee. ain. iieeoaoi. oi-oa.- 1999.- Aui. 37.- N. 118-121.

4. Eaaiaiei A.I., ?iaa/aa N.E., Inoaoaaneee I.A., Aao Aeaoae Aannei.
?aaioa aeaoooaciuo aneio?iiiuo aeaeaaoaeae a noaia au?aaieaaiey iaa?ocee
// Aanoi. Oa?uee. ain. iieeoaoi. oi-oa.- 1998.- Aui. 21.- N. 23-26.

Aaoi? aeeiiaa ?ic?iaeo iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? a?oiiaiai aieeaiiy
aeaioacieo aneio?iiieo aeaeaoi?a.

5. Eaaiaiei A.I., ?iaa/aa N.E., Inoaoaaneee I.A., Aao Aeaoae Aannei.
?aaioa aeaoooaciuo aneio?iiiuo aeaeaaoaeae a ?aaeeia aaia?aoi?iiai
oi?iiaeaiey // Aanoi. Oa?uee. ain. iieeoaoi. oi-oa.- 1998.- Aui. 21.- N.
30-33.

Aaoi?o iaeaaeeoue ?ic?iaea iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? ?aaeeio aaia?aoi?iiai
aaeueioaaiiy aneio?iiieo aeaeaoi?a.

6. ?iaa/aa N.E., Eaaiaiei A.I., Inoaoaaneee I.A., Aao Aeaoae Aannei.
Ia?aeeaeueiay ?aaioa aeaoooaciuo oyaiauo aneio?iiiuo aeaeaaoaeae a
?aaeeia /anoioiiai ionea // Aanoi. Oa?uee. ain. iieeoaoi. oi-oa.- 1998.-
Aui. 21.- N. 34-37.

Aaoi? ?ic?iaea iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue ioneiaiai ?aaeeio aneio?iiieo
aeaeaoi?a oa c?iaea ?ic?aooieiaee aiae?c ?aaeeio.

7. Eaaiaiei A.I., ?iaa/aa N.E., Aao Aeaoae Aannei. Ia?aeeaeueiay ?aaioa
aneio?iiiuo aeaeaaoaeae o?ainii?oiuo n?aaenoa // Eiiiuethoa?: iaoea,
oaoieea, oaoiieiaey, ia?aciaaiea, caei?iauea: Oac. aeiee. iaaeaeoia?.
iao/.-oaoi. eiio., 3-5 iay 1994 a.- Oa?ueeia, Ieoeieueoe: OIO, IO,
1994.- *. 2.- N. 30.

Aaoi?o iaeaaeeoue oai?aoe/iee aiae?c noaie ae??aithaaiiy iaaaioaaeaiue
i?e ??cieo eiacaiiyo aeaeaoi?a.

8. Eaaiaiei A.I., ?iaa/aa N.E., Inoaoaaneee I.A., Aieeia N.A., Aao
Aeaoae Aannei. Ione aneio?iiiiai aeaeaaoaey i?e ianeionieaeaeueiii
iai?yaeaiee ieoaiey // Eioi?iaoeeiiiua oaoiieiaee: iaoea, oaoieea,
oaoiieiaey, ia?aciaaiea, caei?iauea: Iaoa?eaeu iaaeaeoia?. iao/.-oaoi.
eiio., 30-31 iay 1996 a.- Oa?ueeia, Ieoeieueoe, Iaaaeaao?a: OAIO, IO,
IOO, 1996.- *. 1.- N. 79.

Aaoi?ii cai?iiiiiaai? eiioooth/? ooieoe?? ia?aoai?thaa/a /anoioe.

9. Eaaiaiei A.I., ?iaa/aa N.E., Aao Aeaoae Aannei. ?aaioa aeaoooaciuo
oyaiauo aneio?iiiuo aeaeaaoaeae i?e ieoaiee io o?aooaciuo aaoiiiiiuo
eiaa?oi?ia // Eioi?iaoeeiiiua oaoiieiaee: iaoea, oaoieea, oaoiieiaey,
ia?aciaaiea, caei?iauea: Iaoa?eaeu iaaeaeoia?. iao/.-oaoi. eiio.,
19-21 ai?aey 1995 a.- Oa?ueeia, Ieoeieueoe: OAIO, IO, 1995.- *. 2.- N.
10.

Aaoi?o iaeaaeeoue ?ic?aooiie ae??aithth/eo aeanoeainoae ii
iaaaioaaeaiith noaie a?oiiaiai aieeaiiy aneio?iiieo aeaeaoi?a o
noaoe/iiio ?aaeei?.

AIIOAOe??

Aann?i Aaeaa Aao Aeaoae. Iiaeaethaaiiy oa aea?? ia?aiao??a aeaioacieo
aneio?iiieo aeaeaoi?a aeey iie?ioaiiy ?iai/eo aeanoeainoae o?ainii?oieo
aeaeo?iia?aaea/.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.09.01 — aeaeo?e/i? iaoeie ? aia?aoe.-
Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iie?oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao, Oa?e?a, 1998.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia ieoaiiyi ?ic?iaee aenieiiaae?eieo ia?aaea/
o?ainii?oieo cania?a ci?iiiai no?oio, a yeeo aeei?enoiaothoueny
aneio?iii? oyaia? aeaeaoie. Ca c?acie i?eeia?oueny ia?aaea/a, a ye?e
aeei?enoai? aeaioaci? aneio?iii? oyaia? aeaeaoie c aeeaeaiiyi a?ae
o?eoacieo aaoiiiiieo ?iaa?oi??a, ui ciaioo? e?euee?noue inoaii?o o
ii??aiyii? c ia?aaea/ath c o?eoacieie aeaeaoiaie. C’yniaaii, ui oe?e
noai? i?eoaiaiia aeanoea?noue ae??aithaaoe iaaaioaaeaiiy i?ae oyaiaeie
aeaeaoiaie i?e ?icoiaeaeaii? ?o ia?aiao??a o noaoe/iiio oa aeeiai?/ieo
?aaeeiao. ?ic?iaeaii iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae? oa aeai?eoie ?ic?aooie?a
?aaeei?a ioneo, naiicaoaeaeaiiy e aaia?aoi?iiai aaeueioaaiiy,
a??ia?aei?noue yeeo i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny ?acoeueoaoaie ?ic?aooieiaeo oa
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue. Aecia/aii o?ei??io iaeanoue
aeiionoeieo ia?aiao??a aeaeaoi?a, i?e yeeo caaacia/o?oueny aacaaa??eia
?iaioa aeaeo?iia?aaea/?. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?? ciaeoee
i?iieneiaa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy i?e i?iaeooaaii? iiaeo oei?a iaae?eieo
ia?aaea/ aeaeo?io?ainii?oo.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aeaioaciee oyaiaee aneio?iiiee aeaeaoi, ae??aithaaiiy
iaaaioaaeaiiy, ia?ao?aei? ?aaeeie, iaeanoue ia?aiao??a.

Wassim Ghaleb Abou Daoud. Modeling and Choice of Parameters of Biphase
Asynchronous Engines for Improvement of Working Properties of Transport
Electrotransfers.

The dissertation on competition of a scientific degree of the candidate
of engineering science on a speciality 05.09.01 — electrical machines
and devices.- Kharkov State Polytechnical University, Kharkov, 1998.

The dissertation is devoted to development of highly reliable transport
transfers of a current, in which the asynchronous engines are used. As a
sample, taking transfer of an alternating current, in which the biphase
asynchronous engines are used at a meal from three-phase independent
inverters, that reduces number last, in comparison with transfer with
three-phase engines. Is established, that the property of alignment of
loading between track by engines is inherent in this circuit at a
divergence of their parameters in static and dynamic modes. The
mathematical models and algorithms of accounts of modes of start-up,
self-excitation and generating braking are developed, which reliability
proves to be true settlement and experimental researches. The
three-dimensional area of maters, allowed pair, of engines is
determined, at which the trouble-free operation electrotransfers is
supplied. The basic results of work can find industrial application at
designing new types of reliable transfers of electrotransport.

Key words: biphase trock the asynchronous engine levelling properties,
transitive modes, area of parameters.

Aannei Aaeaa Aao Aeaoae. Iiaeaee?iaaiea e auai? ia?aiao?ia aeaoooaciuo
aneio?iiiuo aeaeaaoaeae aeey oeo/oaiey ?aai/eo naienoa o?ainii?oiuo
yeaeo?iia?aaea/.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.09.01 — yeaeo?e/aneea iaoeiu e aiia?aou.-
Oa?ueeianeee ainoaea?noaaiiue iieeoaoie/aneee oieaa?neoao, Oa?ueeia,
1998.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia ?ac?aaioea aunieiiaaeaaeiuo o?ainii?oiuo
ia?aaea/ ia?aiaiiiai oiea, a eioi?uo eniieuecothony aneio?iiiua
aeaeaaoaee. A ea/anoaa ia?acoea i?eieiaaony ia?aaea/a ia?aiaiiiai oiea,
a eioi?ie eniieuecothony aeaoooaciua aneio?iiiua aeaeaaoaee i?e ieoaiee
io o?aooaciuo aaoiiiiiuo eiaa?oi?ia, /oi nie?auaao /enei iineaaeieo ii
n?aaiaieth n ia?aaea/ae n o?aooaciuie aeaeaaoaeyie. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi
yoie noaia i?enoua naienoai au?aaieaaiey iaa?ocee iaaeaeo oyaiauie
aeaeaaoaeyie i?e ?anoiaeaeaiee eo ia?aiao?ia a noaoe/aneeo e
aeeiaie/aneeo ?aaeeiao.

A iniiao enneaaeiaaiey iniaaiiinoae ?aaiou aeaoooaciuo aneio?iiiuo
aeaeaaoaeae, aeeth/aiiuo ii a?oiiiaie noaia, iieiaeaia oieaa?naeueiay
iaoaiaoe/aneay iiaeaeue, iicaieythuay enneaaeiaaoue iiaaaeaiea
aeaeaaoaeae a iniiaiuo yenieoaoaoeeiiiuo ?aaeeiao: ione,
naiiaicaoaeaeaiea, aaia?aoi?iia oi?iiaeaiea. Iniaia aieiaiea oaeaeyeinue
o/aoo ianeionieaeaeueiinoe ieoaiey iaiioie noaoi?ia aeaeaaoaeae iooai
aaaaeaiey a iaoaiaoe/aneoth iiaeaeue eiiiooe?othueo ooieoeee
i?aia?aciaaoaeae /anoiou, iienuaathueo a aiaeeoe/aneii aeaea ?aaeueiua
oi?iu oaciuo e eeiaeiuo iai?yaeaiee aeaeaaoaeae. O/ao ianuuaiey
iaaieoii?iaiaea a ?aaeeiao naiiaicaoaeaeaiey e aaia?aoi?iiai oi?iiaeaiey
i?iaiaeeeny aaaaeaieai aii?ieneie?othuae ooieoeee, iicaieythuae
o/eouaaoue eciaiaiea aeaaiuo eiaeoeoeaiinoae aeaeaaoaeae ia eaaeaeii
oaaa eioaa?e?iaaiey nenoaiu iaeeiaeiuo aeeooa?aioeeaeueiuo o?aaiaiee.

Oeaeueth enneaaeiaaiee yaeeinue ii?aaeaeaiea iaeanoe eciaiaiey
ia?aiao?ia iaiioie aeaeaaoaeae, eioi?ua iaania/eaatho aaciianiua n oi/ee
c?aiey iaaeaaeiinoe ?aaiou yeaiaioia yeaeo?iia?aaea/e a?inee oieia e
yeaeo?iiaaieoiuo iiiaioia a ia?aoiaeiuo ?aaeeiao. Enneaaeiaaeanue oaeaea
niiniaiinoue i?aaeeiaeaiiie noaiu e au?aaieaaieth iaa?ocee iaaeaeo
ia?aeeaeueii ?aaioathueie aneio?iiiuie aeaeaaoaeyie, eiathueie ?acee/iua
neieueaeaiey ec-ca iaiaeeiaeiaiai eciina aaiaeaaeae eieaniuo ia?.

Aeaoaeueiue aiaeec ioneiaiai ?aaeeia i?e ?acee/iuo ni/aoaieyo ia?aiao?ia
iaiioie aeaeaaoaeae e aaee/eiu ia/aeueiie ioneiaie /anoiou aeae
aiciiaeiinoue ii?aaeaeeoue iaeanoue eciaiaiey oeacaiiuo ia?aiao?ia, i?e
eioi?uo anieanee oieia e iiiaioia ia i?aainoiaeyo aeiionoeiuo n oi/ee
c?aiey aaciianiie ?aaiou. ?acoeueoaou ?an/aoia iicaieeee iino?ieoue
o?aoia?ioth iaeanoue i?iaeoe?iaaiey a caaeneiinoe io aeoeaiuo
nii?ioeaeaiee iaiioie noaoi?a e ?ioi?a e ia/aeueiie aaee/eiu ioneiaie
/anoiou. Iieacaii oaeaea, /oi i?e ?acee/ee neieueaeaiee aeaeaaoaeae eo
oiee a ia?aoiaeiii e onoaiiaeaoainy ?aaeeiao i?aeoe/anee iaeeiaeiau, /oi
iiaeoaa?aeaeaao niiniaiinoue noaiu e au?aaieaaieth iaa?ocee.

Aiaeiae/iua enneaaeiaaiey auee i?iaaaeaiu e aeey ?aaeeiia
naiiaicaoaeaeaiey e aaia?aoi?iiai oi?iiaeaiey, i?e/ai ?aaeei
naiiaicaoaeaeaiey yaeyaony i?aaeoanoaothuei ?aaeeio oi?iiaeaiey, oi
anoue aeaiiua yoiai ?aaeeia yaeythony enoiaeiuie aeey inouanoaeaiey
/anoioiiai oi?iiaeaiey aeaeaaoaeae. A yoii neo/aa iaoaiaoe/aneay
iiaeaeue aeiiieiyeanue nenoaiie o?aaiaiee ia yeaeaaeaioiie aieinoe,
eioi?ie caiaiyeny i?aia?aciaaoaeue /anoiou. Enneaaeiaaeenue ?acee/iua
caeiiu eciaiaiey /anoiou a ?aaeeia oi?iiaeaiey e eo aeeyiea ia aaee/eiu
anieaneia oiea e iiiaioia. ?an/aou iieacaee, /oi iaeaieueoaa aeeyiea ia
yoe aaee/eiu ieacuaatho aeoeaiua nii?ioeaeaiey iaiioie noaoi?a e ?ioi?a
e aeaaiay eiaeoeoeaiinoue aeaeaaoaeae. ?acoeueoaou aiaeeca aeaee
aiciiaeiinoue iino?ieoue o?aoia?ioth iaeanoue aeiionoeiuo ia?aiao?ia
aeaeaaoaeae, i?e eioi?uo ?aaioa yeaeo?iia?aaea/e aoaeao aacaaa?eeiie.

Iniiaiua iieiaeaiey ?aaiou auee i?iaa?aiu ia yenia?eiaioaeueiie iaeaoiie
onoaiiaea e iieacaee aeinoiaa?iinoue oai?aoe/aneeo i?aaeiinueie e
iaoaiaoe/aneiai iiaeaee?iaaiey iniiaiuo yenieoaoaoeeiiiuo ?aaeeiia
aeaoooaciuo aneio?iiiuo aeaeaaoaeae.

?acoeueoaou ?aaiou iiaoo iaeoe i?iiuoeaiiia i?eiaiaiea i?e
i?iaeoe?iaaiee iiauo oeiia iaaeaaeiuo yeaeo?iia?aaea/ o?ainii?oiuo
n?aaenoa.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aeaoooaciue oyaiaue aneio?iiiue aeaeaaoaeue,
au?aaieaathuea naienoaa, ia?aoiaeiua ?aaeeiu, iaeanoue ia?aiao?ia.

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