Iaeanueea aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y oa?/iaeo oaoiieia?e

Noaiaanueeee Ieaa Eaii?aeiae/

OAeE 66.042.88:664.87.001.57

IIAeAETHAAIIss OA OAeINEIIAEAIIss AIA?AIAEEI?ENOIAOTH*EO I?IOeAN?A OA
AIA?AO?A OA?*IEIIOeAIO?AOIEO AE?IAIEOeOA

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 05.18.12 — i?ioeane oa aia?aoe oa?/iaeo ae?iaieoeoa

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Iaeana — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Iaeanuee?e aea?aeaai?e aeaaeai?? oa?/iaeo oaoiieia?e
I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Ao?aei Ieaa
A?eai?iae/, Iaeanueea aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y oa?/iaeo oaoiieia?e,
caa?aeoth/ee eaoaae?ith i?ioean?a oa aia?ao?a.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? eaoaae?e
oieiaeeeueieo onoaiiaie, caneoaeaiee ae?y/ iaoee ? oaoi?ee O?N?
*aio?iaiei A?eoi? Iaaeiae/, Iaeanueea aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y oieiaeo,
i?i?aeoi? ii iaa/aeueii-iaoiaee/i?e ?iaio?.

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio O?oa? Na?a?e Naiaiiae/, Iaeanueeee
aea?aeaaiee iie?oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao, caa?aeoth/ee eaoaae?ith
i?iieneiai? oaieiaia?aaoeee.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — Oe?a?inueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao oa?/iaeo
oaoiieia?e, eaoaae?a i?ioean?a oa aia?ao?a, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie
(i. Ee?a).

aiaeei? ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 41.088.01 i?e
Iaeanuee?e aea?aeaai?e aeaaeai?? oa?/iaeo oaoiieia?e ca aae?anith:
270039, i. Iaeana, aoe. Eaiaoia, 112.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Iaeanueei?
aea?aeaaii? aeaaeai?? oa?/iaeo oaoiieia?e ca aae?anith: 270039, i.
Iaeana, aoe. Eaiaoia, 112.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee SYMBOL 178 \f «Symbol» \s 14 ? 24 SYMBOL 178 \f
«Symbol» \s 14 ? o?aaiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe,
i?ioani?

Ieeeiaiei E.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. No?aoaa?/iei caaaeaiiyi Aea?aeoa?/ii?iio Oe?a?ie ?
i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ae?iaieoeoaa aei ??aiy aeiiii?/ii ?icaeiooeo
e?a?i. A ia?oo /a?ao oea iio?aao? cia/iiai cieaeaiiy aia?aiaeo?ao,
ieoii? cia/aiiy yeeo a 2…4 ?ace aeua na?oiaiai ??aiy. Cia/iei ?aca?aii
i?aeaeuaiiy eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? oa?/iaeo ae?iaieoeoa ? ciaioaiiy
ao?ao aeo?aeii? ne?iaeie oa aioiaiai i?iaeoeoo, ooee?caoe?y oaieiaeo
aeeeae?a. Iaeiae, noai aia?aioaoiieia?e ? niaoeeo?ea a?aei?aoeueiaaiiai
oaieiiin?y iio?aaothoue iiooe?a iao?aaeeoe?eieo ??oaiue. Ia?niaeoeaiei
oeyoii oaeineiiaeaiiy aia?aioaoiieia?e aaaaea?oueny ?ic?iaeaia a IAeAOO
oaoiieia?y eiiieaenii? ooee?caoe?? oaieioe oa ieeo c a?aei?aoeueiaaiiai
nooeeueiiai aaaioa. A iniia? oaieioaoiieia?? aeei?enoiaothoueny no/ani?
caniae i?aai?caoe?? oaieiia?aaea/? — aeaioaci? aaoiiiii? oa?iineoiie oa
oaieia? o?oae (ON oa OO). Aea ai?iaaaeaeaiiy oaoiieia?? iio?aao?
aeineiiaeiai aeine?aeaeaiiy eiiieaeno niieo/aii i?io?eath/eo i?ioean?a
oaieiianiia?aiino aaaaoioaciiai ia?iieeiaaciaiai iioieo a io/eao o?oa
oa?iineoiiiiai oaieiooee?caoi?a (OO).

Ca SYMBOL 146 \f «Courier New» \s 14 ’ ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie
i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie SYMBOL 46 \f «Courier New» \s 14 . Oaia
aeena?oaoe?? iia SYMBOL 162 \f «Symbol» \s 14 c ycaia c
aea?aeathaeaeaoiith oaiaoeeith iaoeiai-aeine?aeieoeueeeo ?ia?o (oeo?
11ACI SYMBOL 178 \f «Symbol» \s 14 ? Oaeineiiaeaiiy oa?iioaoiieia?e
noo?iiy oa?/iaeo i?iaeoeo?a ia iniia? aaoiiiiieo
aeia?ii-eiiaeainaoe?eieo iiaeoe?a SYMBOL 178 \f «Symbol» \s 14 ? ),
i?eeeaaeia /anoeia cae?enithaaeanue o oiae? ??oaiiy caaea/ ca
caiiaeaiiyi Iaeanueeiai eiia?iaoo oa?/iaeo eiioeaio?ao?a (IEOE).
Aeine?aeaeaiiy cae?enithaaeenue o ?aieao iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? i?ia?aie
SYMBOL 178 \f «Symbol» \s 14 ? ?icaeoie aia?aaoeee ? aia?aicaa?aaeaiiy a
oa?/ia?e i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie aei 2010?. SYMBOL 178 \f «Symbol» \s 14 ?
(i?iaeoe 2.40 oa 3.17). Iaoeiai-iaoiaeieia?/i? iieiaeaiiy aaoi?a
aeeth/ai? aei eo?no EUK9701 SYMBOL 178 \f «Symbol» \s 14 ?
Yia?aiiaiaaeaeiaio a ieuaaie i?iiuoeaiiinoe SYMBOL 178 \f «Symbol» \s 14
? , ui aoa ?ic?iaeaiee o neeaae? i?ia?aie TACIS.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue. Iaoa ?iaioe — noai?aiiy eiioeaioe??
aia?aicaiuaaeaeaiiy oa?/iaeo oaoiieia?e, ui aeeth/a?
iaoeiai-iaoiaeieiae/i? iniiae cieaeaiiy aia?aiaeo?ao ae?th/iai
iaeaaeiaiiy oa oaeineiiaeaiiy i?ea?iaeueieo nenoai oaieiianiooee?caoe??
(OIO) ia aac? ON, ooieoe?iioth/eo c niaoeeo?/ieie aa?icieueieie iioieaie
nooa?ie.

Iinoaaeaia iaoa aecia/eea caaaeaiiy aeey aeinyaiaiiy ?acoeueoao?a:

1. Cae?enieoe aiae?oe/i? oa aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ioean?a
i?aeeiiiiiaioiiai ianiiai?io o OO ia?iieeiaaciaiai iioieo.

2. Ia iniia? noi?iiaaii? aace aeaieo ii oaieia?e neooaoe?? ia
ae?iaieoeoa? noai?eoe iaoiaeeeo oa i?ia?aio aeine?aeaeaiue nenoaiieo ca
SYMBOL 162 \f «Symbol» \s 14 c yce?a aia?aioaoiieia?e ia ??cieo
???a?o?/ieo ??aiyo (aeiaaeuei? caaaeaiiy i?aeeyaathoue aeaeiiiiceoe?? ia
eieaeuei? caaaeaiiy: oi?ioaaiiy aace aeaieo ii aeaea?aeao
aenieiiioaioe?eieo oaieiaeo ao?ao oa?/iaeo ae?iaieoeoa; oi?ioaaiiy aace
aeaieo ii i?eeia/ao oaieiiin??a, ye? ooee?cothoueny (iiooe niiaeeaa/?a
ieceiiioaioe?eii? oaieioe); ?ic?iaea i?eioeeiiaeo noai oaeineiiaeaiiy
aia?aioaoiieia?e; ?ic?iaea iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? aia?aioaoiieia?e).

3. ?c canoinoaaiiyi io?eiaieo e?eoa??aeueieo ??aiyiue ia iniia? iiaeae?
i?aeeiiiiiaioii? ianiiai?iii? aca?iiae?? cae?enieoe aiae?c oa
oaeineiiaeeoe ?ic?iaeaio oa ai?iaaaeaeaio nenoaio ooee?caoe?? ia
ae?iaieoeoa? oeyoii neioaco aoaeoeaieo ?aaeei?a ieeii/euaiiy; cae?enieoe
ae?iaie/? aei?iaoaaiiy iiaea?i?ciaaieo aia?aioaoiieia?e ia i?eeeaae?
oa?/ieiioeaio?aoiiai ae?iaieoeoaa.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

— ?acoeueoaoe a?coaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue oa niinoa?aaeaiue i?ioean?a
oi?ioaaiiy oa no?eaiiy ie?aee eiiaeainaoo oa ?ic/eiaiiy ieeo i?iaeoeoo.

— *anoeii? caeaaeiino? i?ae ia?aiao?aie aa?icieueiiai iioieo, ye?
oa?aeoa?ecothoue ni?aa?aeiioaiiy eiiiiiaio?a oa aeiaeaoeiao
aoaeoeai?noue i?e ?iaio? aia?ao?a, ui ooee?cothoue i?iaeoeo ?c
ia?iieeiaaciaiai iioieo.

— E?eoa??aeuei? ??aiyiiy, ye? iienothoue i?ioean i?aeeiiiiiaioiiai
ianiiai?io o i?aeo?oaiiio i?inoi?? ooee?caoi?a.

— Iaoiaeeea oi?ioaaiiy aace aeaieo ii oaieiaeo ao?aoao ae?iaieoeoaa.

— Iaoiaeeea aeine?aeaeaiue nenoaie aia?aioaoiieia?e oa?/iaeo ae?iaieoeoa
ia ??cieo ???a?o?/ieo ??aiyo ?c canoinoaaiiyi aaeainiaeo,
aeeoa?aioe?eieo, e?eoa??aeueieo ??aiyiue.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

— ?iaeaia?ia iaoiaeeea aecia/aiiy eiao?oe??io?a ianiia?aiino i?e
i?aeeiiiiiaioiiio ianiiai?i? (aecia/aiiy ia?aiao??a iiaa?oi? oaciaiai
eiioaeoo).

— Oa?iiuoi aeey oa?oaaiiy i??iiao?a i?e aeine?aeaeaiiyo ia ae?iaieoeoa?.

— I?ia?aia ?ic?aooieo ?cieyoe?? aia?aii?noeiai oaoiieia?/iiai
iaeaaeiaiiy.

— Noaie ?aoe?iiaeueiiai aeei?enoaiiy aia?ai?ano?n?a.

— I?ia?aia aia?aicaiuaaeaeaiiy aeey oa?/ieiioeaio?aoiiai ae?iaieoeoaa.

— Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy oaoiieia?e aoaeoeaii? aenieoaoaoe?? OO o na?aaeiaeu?
ia?iieeiaaciaeo iioie?a c iaoith i/euaiiy aia?aii?noeeo aeeeae?a.

?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeei?enoai? ia i?aei?e?inoa?
oe?aiiaea?nueei? i?iieneiaino? SYMBOL 178 \f «Symbol» \s 14 ?
Iaeana-oe?a SYMBOL 178 \f «Symbol» \s 14 ? o aeaeyae? i?iaeoo
oaeineiiaeaiiy oaieiaeo ?aaeei?a aia?aii?noeiai iaeaaeiaiiy oa ia IEOE
ye i?ia?aia aia?aicaiuaaeaeaiiy. Iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe iiaeeeai
aeei?enoaoe aeey on?o ae?iaieoeoa, aea cono??/athoueny niaoeeo?/i?
iioiee a?aei?aoeueiaaiiai aia?aiiin?y (ae?iaieoeoai ?ic/eiii? eaae,
oeoe?o, nooiai iieiea, e?ioiaeth, nooeo eiioeaio?ao?a nie?a, iaii?a,
aeno?aeo?a) ? aea cae?eniththoueny oa?i?/i? i?ioeane o aia?aii?noeiio
iaeaaeiaii? (oa?/iaa, aia?aaoe/ia, iaoaeo?a?/ia, o?i?/ia aaeoc?).

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Caeiaoaa/ iaoeiaiai nooiaiy iniaenoi
i?eeiaa o/anoue a iaea?aeai? on?o iaoeiaeo ?acoeueoao?a, iaaaaeaieo a
?iaio?. Aaoi? noai?ea iiaeaeue i?aeeiiiiiaioiiai ianiiai?io o
niaoeeo?/ieo iioieao o i?aeo?oaiiio i?inoi?? ooee?caoi?a; ?ic?iaea
aeai?eoie ?ic?aooieo ?cieyoe?? oa oi?ioaaiiy e?aieeie; noai?ea
aenia?eiaioaeueiee noaiae ?c i?ea?iaeueieo i?eno?i?a aeey iiaeaethaaiiy
ia?aiao??a ia?iieeiaaciaiai iioieo; io?eiaa /anoeii? caeaaeiino?, ye?
oa?aeoa?ecothoue aeiaeaoeiao aoaeoeai?noue i?e ?iaio? OO; iaea?aeaa
e?eoa??aeuei? ??aiyiiy, ye? iienothoue i?ioean i?aeeiiiiiaioiiai
ianiiai?io i?ae neeaaeiaeie aeaiaioaie ia?iieeiaaciaiai iioieo o
i?aeo?oaiiio i?inoi?? aia?ao?a, ui ooee?cothoue oaieioo oa iee ?c
aa?icieueieo iioie?a; ia iniia? oai?aoe/iiai ocaaaeueithaaiiy
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo ?ic?iaea ?iaeaia?io iaoiaeeeo aecia/aiiy
aoaeoeaiino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy OO; a?aa o/anoue o oi?ioaaii? aace aeaieo
ii oaieiaeo ao?aoao aia?aii?noeiai iaeaaeiaiiy o oiae? ae?iaie/eo
aeine?aeaeaiue oa neeaaeaii? i?ia?aie aia?aicaiuaaeaeaiiy aeey IEOE. Oea
i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny iaoeiaeie ioae?eaoe?yie, i?ia?aiaie oa i?ioieieaie
ae?iaie/eo ia?aae.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeenue ia ui??/ieo iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo
eiioa?aioe?yo i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai neeaaeo oa iaoeiaeo
ni?a?ia?oiee?a IAeAOO o 1994-1999 ??., iiaeaaaeeny ia 9-?e Iiaeia?iaei?e
eiioa?aioei? SYMBOL 178 \f «Symbol» \s 14 ? Oaeineiiaeaiiy i?ioeania oa
aia?aoia oiii/ieo, oa?/iaeo oa iaooioiii/ieo ae?iaieoeoa SYMBOL 178 \f
«Symbol» \s 14 ? (i. Iaeana, 1996 ?.), ia 5-io I?aeia?iaeiiio
neiiic?oi? ii oaieiaeo o?oaao (i. Iaeueao?i, Aano?ae?y, 1996 ?.), ia
I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? SYMBOL 178 \f «Symbol» \s 14 ? I?iaeaie oa
ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo ae?iaieoeoaa oa niiaeeaaiiy oeiaii?iaeoeoia SYMBOL
178 \f «Symbol» \s 14 ? (i. Iaeana, 1997 ?.), ia I?aeia?iaei?e
iaii??aeuei?e oa iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? iai SYMBOL 162 \f
«Symbol» \s 14 c yo? aeaae. A.E. Oeaoiaiaaoia (i. Iaeana, 1997 ?.), ia
3-io I?aeia?iaeiiio nai?ia?? SYMBOL 178 \f «Symbol» \s 14 ? Oaieia?
o?oae, oaieia? ianine, oieiaeeeueieee SYMBOL 178 \f «Symbol» \s 14 ?
(i. I?inuee, Aaea?onue, 1997 ?.).

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaiee o 17 ae?oeiaaieo
?iaioao, c ieo 3 noaoo? o ca??ieeao iaoeiaeo i?aoeue SYMBOL 46 \f
«Courier New» \s 14 .

No?oeoo?a oa ia SYMBOL 162 \f «Symbol» \s 14 c ?i ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?eia
?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c anooio, i SYMBOL 162 \f «Symbol» \s 14 c yoe
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e oa aeiaeaoe?a.
Caaaeueiee ia SYMBOL 162 \f «Symbol» \s 14 c ?i noaiiaeoue 235 n., a
oiio /ene? 61 ?enoiie (ia 44 n.), 9 oaaeeoeue (ia 36 n.), 2 aeiaeaoe?a
(ia 5 n.). Nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae noaiiaeoue 228 iaeiaioaaiue (ia
14 n.).

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe,
iaaaaeaia caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe, noi?ioeueiaai? iaoa oa
caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue, aeeeaaeai? iniiai? oai?aoe/i? oa
aenia?eiaioaeuei? ?acoeueoaoe, ui iathoue aooe aeianai? aei caoenoo,
iicia/aia ?o iaoeiaa iiaecia oa i?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue.

A ia?oiio ?icae?e? i?iaiae?ciaaia aeooaeuei?noue ?ic?iaie o noa??
noai?aiiy oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy no/anieo oaieioaoiieia?e a oa?/iao aaeocue
AIE Oe?a?ie. Aeey cieaeaiiy ieoiieo aia?aiaeo?ao oa cae?eniaiiy
eiioeaioe?? ?ano?nicaiuaaeaeaiiy iaiao?aeii i?iaiaeeoe ?iaioe o aeaio
iai?yieao (?en.1):

— nooi?iue aeineiiaeino? oaieioaoiieia?e caeaaeeoue a?ae ?ica SYMBOL 162
\f «Symbol» \s 14 c ycoaaiiy i?iaeaie aeei?enoaiiy oaieioe
a?aei?aoeueiaaiiai aaaioa, oiio noai?aiiy iiaeo oaoiieia?e aaco?oueny ia
?ic?iaoe? nenoai ooee?caoe??; iaoa aeinyaa?oueny oeyoii ?icaeoeo iniia
oai??? oaieiianiiai?io; iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue i?ioean?a neeaaeaii ia
iniia? oai??? iiae?aiino?, ?ic?aooieiao e?eoa??aeueio caeaaei?noue
ooi/ith?ii ?c canoinoaaiiyi aiae?co ?ici??iinoae; aenia?eiaioaeuei?
iaoiaee aeei?enoiaothoueny aeey aecia/aiiy eiao?oe??io?a o ??aiyiiyo;

— aeey i?aoethth/iai aia?aii?noeiai iaeaaeiaiiy aeooaeueiei ?
i?iaaaeaiiy iiaea?i?caoe?? oa?iionoaiiaie; ?acoeueoao iiaeeeai
aeinyaiooe ia iniia? canoinoaaiiy nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo; i?aoeai?noe?noue
?ic?aooie?a cia/ii nei?i/o?oueny i?e aeei?enoaii? aeaeo?i-oaieiai?
aiaeia??; neeaaeaiee aeai?eoi ?aae?co?oueny oeyoii eiii’thoa?iiai
iiaeaethaaiiy; ai?iaaoe?y cae?enith?oueny o oiae? canoinoaaiiy iaoiae?a
aia?aiaoaeeoo.

?icaeyiooi e?oa?aoo?i? aeaea?aea c i?iaeaie, ui aea/a?oueny, a oaeiae
ii??aiththoueny ??ci? niiniae ooee?caoe?? oaieioe oa iane aa?icieueiiai
o?eoaciiai ia?iieeiaaciaiai iioieo (i/euaiiy aeeeae?a a?aei?aoeueiaaiiai
oaieiiin?y a?ae ieeo oe?iiiai i?iaeoeoo). Iieacaii, ui a ?icaeiaieo
e?a?iao a OO-nenoaiao iaaea?oueny ia?aaaaa ?aeoia?aoi?ai ia OO oa ON.
Iaa?oioiao?oueny aoaeoeai?noue aia?ao?a ia iniia? aaoiiiiieo
aeia?iaoaaeueii-eiiaeainaoe?eieo iiaeoe?a. I?e aca?iiae?? OIO oa
neeaaeiiai iioieo, yeee cono??/a?oueny o oaieioaoiieia?yo oa?/iaeo
ae?iaieoeoa, o?eaathoue i?ioeane ye aeey iiiaeeiiei? i?aa?aii? OO, oae ?
aeey ON-io/ea, yeee ?nio? o ?aaeueiiio OIO(?en.2):

1. Eiiaaeoeaiee oaieiia?ai?n i?ae /enoei iia?o?yii-aaciaei iioieii, ui
iieaa? eiiaeainaoi? OO (io/ee oeee?iae?e/ieo i?aa?aieo aai ieineeo
aeaaeeeo o?oa).

2. Ianiia?aiin ieeo ia iiaa?oith aeia?iaoaaoaey OO (i?e oeueiio o?eaa?
c?inoaiiy oiaueie caa?oaeithth/eo a?aeeeaaeaiue ia iiaa?oi?
oaieiiai?io).

3. Ia?oe?aeueia eiiaeainaoe?y ia iiaa?oi? oaieiiai?io (i?e oeueiio
ciaioo?oueny aieiaiai?no iioieo oa o?eaa? ci?ia aaee/eie oa?i?/iiai
iii?o OO).

4. Aca?iiae?y oa?o ieeo oa?/iaiai i?iaeoeoo oa ie?aee eiiaeainaoo
aiaeyii? ia?e o aeaeyae? aaeaac?eii-eiaac?eii? ?aaeoe?? aieiaiai oa?o
ieeo c iiaa?oiath OO.

5. No?eaiiy c iiaa?oi? OO ?ic/eio, yeee ooai?th?oueny i?ae /an
?ic/eiaiiy oa?o caa?oaeiaiue o aeiaaeath/iio eiiaeainao?.

6. Niieo/aii o?eaath/? i?ioeane i?aeeiiiiiaioii? ianiiai?iii? aca?iiae??
/anoei ieeo aa?icieueiiai iioieo oa e?aieei aieiae no?eath/iai
eiiaeainaoo o oiae? ?aaeoe?e caoiiethaaiiy oa ?ic/eiaiiy, ui
cae?eniththoueny o i?aeo?oaiiio i?inoi?? OIO ia OO. A?aeaoaa?oueny
aca?iiae?y ye ?ic/eio ?c ia?iieeiaaciaei iioieii (e?aieeie ?ic/eio
caoiieththoue /anoeie i?iaeoeoo ?c iioieo, i?e oeueiio ciaioo?oueny
ieeiai?no iioieo, ui aeeeaea?oueny aei iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua), oae
? ooee?co?iiai iioieo ?c ?ic/eiii (/anoeie ieeo ?c iioieo ca?eueoothoue
eiioeaio?aoe?th ?ic/eio, yeee iiaea iiaa?oaoeny aei oaoiieia?/ii? noaie
oa?/ieiioeaio?aoiiai ae?iaieoeoaa).

Aeine?aeaeaiiy noaio i?iaeaie iiaeaethaaiiy oa oaeineiiaeaiiy
oaieioaoiieia?e aeicaieythoue noi?ioethaaoe oae? iaoeia? iieiaeaiiy:

1. O i?aeo?oaiiio i?inoi?? oa?iineoiiiiai ?aeoia?aoi?a a oiiaao
ia?oe?aeueii? eiiaeainaoe?? aiaeyii? ia?e ia iiaa?oi? oa?iineoiia
aeieeathoue i?ioeane i?aeeiiiiiaioii? aca?iiae?? o aa?icieueiiio iioioe?
c ieeii i?iaeoeoo oa eiiaeainaoii, i?e oeueiio ?ioaineai?noue
i?aeeiiiiiaioiiai eieaeueiiai ianiia?aiino aecia/a?oueny ia?aiao?aie
ia?iieeiaaciaiai iioieo oa oaiia?aoo?ith iiaa?oi? oaieiiai?io, aieeaa?
ia eiioeaio?aoe?ei? oa oaiia?aoo?i? iiey a aia?ao? oa oaieiao
aoaeoeai?noue aia?aoa.

2. I?e iiaea?i?caoe?? ae?th/eo aia?aioaoiieia?/ieo eiiieaen?a oaieia? ca
SYMBOL 162 \f «Symbol» \s 14 c ycee i?ae aia?aii?noeeie
oaieiaeae?eyth/eie aeaiaioaie oaoiieia?/iiai iaeaaeiaiiy /a?ac
iina?aaeieoeoai oiio iia?o?yieo ia SYMBOL 162 \f «Symbol» \s 14 c ?i?a
ae?iaie/iai oeaoo oa iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua ne?ae ?icaeyaeaoe ?c
canoinoaaiiyi nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo ia aeuiio ???a?o?/iiio ??ai? oeaoo
i?e ae?? i?eioeeio noia?iiceoe?? ia ieae/iio ???a?o?/iiio ??ai? o iaaeao
anoaiiaeaiiai iaeaaeiaiiy, ui /eieoue aieea ia ea?oeio
i?inoi?iai-/aniaiai ?iciiae?eo ia?aiao??a.

A ae?oaiio ?icae?e? i?iaiaeeoueny iiaeaethaaiiy i?ioean?a.

Ia ???a?o?/iiio ??ai? caaiaeo (nenoaie SYMBOL 178 \f «Symbol» \s 14 ?
oa?/ieiioeaio?aoiee eiia?iao SYMBOL 178 \f «Symbol» \s 14 ? ) ?
iiaeeea?noue iaiaaeeoeny neioacii noaoe/ii? iiaeae?, yea iiaea?oueny o
aeaeyae? nenoaie aaeainiaeo ??aiyiue. Aeeiai?/ia iiaeaeue nenoaie ia
???a?o?/iiio ??ai? oeaoo noai?th?oueny ia iniia? aeeoa?aioe?eieo
??aiyiue o /anoeiaeo iio?aeieo, ui aeicaieeoue iienoaaoe aeeiai?/i?
i?ioeane a nenoai?. ??oaiiy nenoaie iaaiaeeoueny aai o ni?iuai?e oi?i?
ca aeiiiiiaith ia?aaeaoi/ieo ooieoe?e, aai o ?icai?ioo?e oi?i? o
aeaeyae? e?eoa??aeueieo ??aiyiue. I?e ?icaeyae? i?ioean?a, ui o?eaathoue
ia ???a?o?/iiio ??ai? aia?aoa (nenoaie SYMBOL 178 \f «Symbol» \s 14 ?
aa?icieueiee iio?e ?c ?aaaoth/eie /anoeiaie oa e?aieeiaie o i?aeo?oaiiio
i?inoi?? aia?aoa SYMBOL 178 \f «Symbol» \s 14 ? ), aeinoaoiuei ?ic?iaeoe
noaoe/io iiaeaeue.

Iinoaiiaea caaea/ oai??? ianiiai?io e?aieei c iioieii oi?ioeth?oueny
oae. Ia?aiin eiaeiiai c eiiiiiaio?a noi?o?, yea ?ooa?oueny, iieno?oueny
??aiyiiyie, ye? ooai?ththoue nenoaio:

— /an.

??aiyiiy iieno? ?iciiae?e eiioeaio?aoe?e ye o iioioe?, oae ? ana?aaeei?
e?aieei, ?aaaoth/eo ?c iioieii. ??aiyiiy o?aoiao? aeaa ??cieo iaoai?cie
ia?aiino ?a/iaei o iioioe?, yeee ?ooa?oueny: 1) i?e iayaiino? ??cieoe?
eiioeaio?aoe?e a?aeaoaa?oueny i?ioean iieaeoey?ii? aeeooc??; 2) /anoeie
?ic/eiaiii? (?iciiae?eaii?) ?a/iaeie caoiieththoueny aacii, yeee
?ooa?oueny, oa ia?aiinyoueny ?acii ?c iei; noeoii?noue iaio i?ioean?a ?
eiiaaeoeaiith aeeooc??th. Ii/aoeia? oiiae a ??aiyii?: aeo?aeiee i?io?eue
eiioeaio?aoe?e a ia?aoeiao iioieo oa i?aenoieiaee i?io?eue
eiioeaio?aoe?e a ianyc? e?aieeie; iaaeia? oiiae: i?io?eue eiioeaio?aoe?e
ia iiaa?oi? oa ia a?aeaeaeaii? a?ae e?aieeie.

??aiyiiy eiiaaeoeaii? aeeooc?? aeey iaeiiai eiiiiiaioa a noaoe?iia?iiio
?aaeei? aeaeyaea? oae:

— eiioeaio?aoe?y ?iciiae?eaii? ?a/iaeie, aaee/eia ianooaao
eiioeaio?aoe?e (a?aeianaiiy iioi/ieo oa ??aiiaaaeieo eiioeaio?aoe?e).

) — aei iaea?eueoiai cia/aiiy. C?inoaiiy ia SYMBOL 162 \f «Symbol» \s
14 c ?eoa ia ae?oaiio aoai? (e?i?y 2) i?io?ea? ca ?aooiie ci?ie eiai
iiaa?oi?, ?aae?on oa e?aeiaee eoo eiioaeoo caeeoathoueny iaci?iieie. Ia
o?aoueiio aoai? (e?i?y 3) c?inoaiiy iiaa?oi? eiioaeoo na?aaeiaeu
i?io?ea? ia o?eueee ca ?aooiie ca?eueoaiiy iane ia SYMBOL 162 \f
«Symbol» \s 14 c ?eoa, aea e ca ?aooiie eiai a?aeie?aieaiiy.

Ae??ooth/e caaea/o aeaeiaooeo eiiaeainaoo c iioieo o?aaa ciaoe ae?aiao?
e?aieeie o ieoue ?? a?ae?eao a?ae oa?o iiaae?a ia iiaa?oi? OO. Ca /an
ia?aaoaaiiy o i?aeo?oaiiio i?inoi?? e?aieeia ia?aoeia? caieeiaaiee
iio?e, caoiiethth/e iia? /anoeie oaa?aei? oace. Canoinoaaiiy
e?eoa??aeueieo ??aiyiue aeey ?ic?aooieo eiioeaio?aoe?? eiiaeainaoo
iio?aao? ciaiiy i?i aecia/aeueiee ?ici?? — ae?aiao? e?aieeie. Aiae?oe/ia
aecia/aiiy ae?aiao?a e?aieeie iio?aao? ??oaiiy ??aiyiiy Aeea?a aeey ??
eiioo?a o ieoue a?ae?eao. ??aiyiiy Aeea?a aeaeyaea? oaeei /eiii:

, (3)

— ?aae?on iiia?a/iiai ia?aoeio e?aieeie a oi/oe? ia?aaeio); o?aoy
/anoeia (III) — a?ae oi/ee ia?aaeio. Io?eiaia nenoaia aeaaa?a?/ieo
??aiyiue caeaaeeoue a?ae ia?aiao??a ??aiyiiy Aeea?a oa aeicaiey?
aecia/eoe aea?aaeaioiee ?aae?on e?aieeie.

Aeey aecia/aiiy iioieo ?a/iaeie ia iiaa?oith e?aieeie aoaeaii
aiae?coaaoe oae? no?oeoo?e e?eoa??aeueieo ??aiyiue:

o iioioe?.

I?e oeueiio O — iioi/ia cia/aiiy ia?aiao?o, I — o?eniaaia aaciaa
cia/aiiy ia?aiao?o a?aeiia?aeii aei iniiaiiai aa??aioo cae?eniaiiy
i?ioeano;

— e?i?eiee ?ici??.

Ia?iaeo ?acoeueoao?a aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue cae?enith?ii o
a?aeiia?aeiino? aei io?eiaiiai e?eoa??aeueiiai ??aiyiiy aeey aecia/aiiy
iioieo ?a/iaeie. A?aeiinio ianiao /anoeo i?iaeoeoo, caoiieaio e?aieeiaie
o i?aeo?oaiiio i?inoi?? ooee?caoi?a (aac?ici??iee oa ianiaee iioiee
?a/iaeie ia iiaa?oith e?aieeie) aecia/a?ii o aeaeyae?:

— /an aeine?aeo (o?eaae?noue i?ioeano).

, ye? ? iniiaith caaaeueiii?eeiyoeo ?iaeaia?ieo iaoiaeee ?ic?aooieo
ia?aiao??a o?eaath/eo i?ioean?a, ui a?aeaoaathoueny o iioioe? oa
neoaeaoue aeey i?iaeooaaiiy a?aeiia?aeiiai oaoiieia?/iiai iaeaaeiaiiy.

A o?aoueiio ?icae?e? iiaeai? ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue (?en.4-6) (oaae.1). Aenia?eiaioaeueia iiaeaethaaiiy
?iai/eo ?aaeei?a iia(ycaii ?c ?yaeii i?iaeai:

1) o iioioe? iaiao?aeii noai?eoe ??aiii??iee ?iciiae?e ieeo oa aieiae ye
o i?inoi??, oae ? o /an?;

2) aeey ?ic?aooieo /anoee caoiieaiiai ieeo o oiae? ?aaeoe?? ?c
e?aieeiaie iaiao?aeii aei??thaaoe iae? cia/aiiy iane i?iaeoeoo.

Aeey iiaeieaiiy aeacaieo neeaaeiinoae i?iiiio?oueny oaea iaoiaeeea
aeine?ae?a. Ca aeiiiiiaith ?ic?iaeaieo i?ea?iaeueieo i?eno?i?a o iioioe?
iiaeaeththoueny iaiao?aei? ia?aiao?e nenoaie a?aei?aoeueiaaiiai
aia?aiiin?y. ?ic/ei i?iaeoeoo, ui ooai?eany o oiae? ?aaeoe?? i?ae
/anoeiaie oa e?aieeiaie, cae?a?oueny o ie?aieo ?ieinoyo aeey eiaeiiai
i?inoi?iai-/aniaiai o?aaiaioa nenoaie oa ii aaee/ei? eiioeaio?aoe??
iaea?aeaiiai aeno?aeoo aecia/a?ii ianiao /anoeo caoiieaiiai ieeo.

Oaaeeoey 1

Oa?aeoa?enoeea ia(?io aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue

Ia?aiao? Cia/aiiy

o ae?iaie/eo oiiaao ia aenia?eiaioaeueiiio noaiae?

oaeaee?noue iia?o?y, i/n 2…8 1…20

eiioeaio?a-

ci?ia eiioeaio?a-

Ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae eieaeueieie ia?aiao?aie, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue
i?ioean ianiiai?io ia ia?o?e o?oa?, oa ?ioaa?aeueieie ia?aiao?aie, ui
iienothoue aoaeoe, ye? aeieeathoue o o?oaiiio io/oe? o ?aaeueiiio
aia?ao?, aa?ooueny aei oaaae ca aeiiiiiaith eiao?oe??ioa o caeaaeiino?
(4). Aecia/aii ?nioaaiiy iaeneioio ia a?ao?eo caeaaeiino? /anoee
caoiieaiiai ieeo ia ae?oaiio ?yae? OO, yea iiynith?oueny oei, ui o?eaa?
ia?aiin e?aieei, ye? i?i?aaaoaaee c /anoeiaie ?c i?inoi?o ia?oiai ?yaeo
a ciio aei??thaaiue ia?aiao??a ianiiai?iieo i?ioean?a ia ae?oaiio ?yae?
OO, ui aaaea aei ca?eueoaiiy /anoee ?ic/eiaiiai ieeo. Ieinea aiaeyia
caa?na aeaeia?oueny o i?inoi??, caaacia/oth/e ia?aiin e?aieei oa /anoei
i?ae ?yaeaie OO. Aeae? a?aeaoaa?oueny cieaeaiiy ?ioaineaiino? ?aaeoe?e
ii i??? ae/a?iaiiy ieeiai?noo iioieo, oiio aoaeo aeianaiiy /anoei oa
e?aieei ia niinoa??aa?oueny.

Acaaae? aoei i?iaaaeaii 90 aenia?eiaio?a (75 aeey ia?oi? o?oae oa 15
aeey o?oaiiai io/ea), io?eiaii iiiaae 225 aeine?aeieo oi/ie, ui
anoaiiaeththoue ?ioaineai?noue i?aeeiiiiiaioiiai ianiia?aiino o ??cieo
?yaeao OO a caeaaeiino? a?ae ?aaeeiieo ia?aiao??a. sse?niee oa?aeoa?
oeeo caeaaeiinoae iiae?aiee aei e?i?e, ui iiaeai? ia ?en. 4,5. Ca
?acoeueoaoaie a?coaeueieo niinoa?aaeaiue oa iiia?aaeiuei? iaoaiaoe/ii?
ia?iaee aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo iiaeeeai c?iaeoe aeniiaie uiaei
aaeaeaaoiino? ?nioth/eo oyaeaiue i?i i?ioeane ?aaeoe?? /anoei oa e?aieei
o i?aeo?oaiiio i?inoi?? OIO ia OO i?e ooieoe?iioaaii? iaeaaeiaiiy o
iaea?eueo oa?aeoa?ieo oaoiieia?/ieo ?aaeeiao. A ?acoeueoao? aeeiiaieo
aiae?oe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue aeieea? iiaeeea?noue ?ic?aoiaoaaoe
aeiaeaoeiao ianiao /anoeo ieeo, ia o?eueee caoiieaio ia iiaa?oi? OO ca
aeiiiiiaith iaeaoii-aaeioiaiai i?aa?aiiy o?oa, a ? ?ic/eiaio o
i?aeo?oaiiio i?inoi?? aia?aoa o oiae? ?aaeoe?? ?c e?aieeiaie no?eath/iai
eiiaeainaoo. Eiioeaio?aoe?y ieeo cieaeo?oueny, ?acoeueoaoeai?noue
ooieoe?iioaaiiy oaoiieia?/iiai aa?aaaoo o oe?eiio i?aeaeuo?oueny.

A /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? iaaaaeaia ?iaeaia?ia iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo
ia?aiao??a oaieioaoiieia?/ii? nenoaie oa?/iaiai ae?iaieoeoaa ia
i?eeeaae? IEOE. Iniaeeaa oaaaa i?e i?iaaaeaii? aeine?aeaeaiue ia
ooieoe?iioth/eo ia SYMBOL 162 \f «Symbol» \s 14 c ?eoao i?eae?ey?oueny
oaieiaei ao?aoai, ine?eueee naia aoaeoeaia aeei?enoaiiy ?ano?n?a
aecia/a? ??aaiue aeineiiaeino? aia?aioaoiieia?e. Aecia/ai? o?e iniiai?
a?oie oaieiaeo ao?ao: ao?aoe ?c a?aei?aoeueiaaiei aia?aiiin??i (nooa?iee
aaaio, a??th/a ia?a, eiiaeainao, yeee ia iiaa?oa?oueny), ao?aoe ?c
aa?y/ei i?iaeoeoii ia aeoiae? ?c aia?aoo, aea cae?eniththoueny i?ioeane
oa?i?/ii? ia?iaee ne?iaeie, ao?aoe a?ae no?iie ei?ion?a iaeaaeiaiiy o
aeiaaeeo iaaeineiiaeino? aai ciioaiiai noaio ?cieyoe??. ?acoeueoaoe
aei??thaaiiy i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue ei?aeoi?noue aace aeaieo ii oaieiaeo
ao?aoao ae?iaieoeoaa.

?iaeaia?ia iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo nenoai OIO ia iniia? ON aeeth/a?
ocaaaeueiai? aeine?aei? aeai? ii i?aeeiiiiiaioiiio ianiiai?io o?aoueiai
?icae?eo. ?acoeueoaoe oeeo ai?ieneiaoe?e iaaaaeai? o oaae.2. ?ic?aooiie
aoa i?iaaaeaiee ia iniia? ??aiyiiy (4) ca aeiiiiiaith i?ea?iaeueii?
eiii’thoa?ii? i?ia?aie. ?acoeueoaoe ?ic?aooie?a i?aeoaa?aeeee
a??ia?aei?noue cai?iiiiiaaii? a?iioace i?i ia?aaaaeia aeei?enoaiiy ca
aecia/ath/ee e?i?eiee ia?aiao? e?eoa??aeueiiai ??aiyiiy ae?aiao?a
e?aieeie, a ia ae?aiao?a /anoeie. Anoaiiaeaii, ui c oneeaaeiaiiyi oi?ie
e?eoa??aeueiiai ??aiyiiy no?oeoo?e (4) oi/i?noue ?ic?aooie?a
ca?eueoo?oueny iacia/ii.

Oaaeeoey 2

Ia?aiao?e e?eoa??aeueieo ??aiyiue, ui iienothoue i?aeeiiiiiaioiee
ianiia?aiin

Cia/aiiy eiao?

oe??io?a

A 1054 1055 2724

A — — 84,1

n -0,523 -0,523 -0,523

m — — -0,199

R 5,53 5,53 5,53

P 0,851 0,853 0,855

Q — — —

A i SYMBOL 162 \f «Symbol» \s 14 c yoiio ?icae?e? iiaeai? ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiue. Oeyoii ?ic?iaee iiaeo oaieioaoiieia?e noai?th?oueny
iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo ia?aiao??a OO, ?acoeueoaoii ?ia?o ii
iiaea?i?coaaiith o?aaeeoe?eiiai aia?aii?noeiai iaeaaeiaiiy neoaeeoue
i?ia?aia aia?aicaiuaaeaeaiiy aeey IEOE.

?ic?aooiie aeey aei?aaeaiiy ?nioth/iai aeenaaeaino i?e aecia/ai?
?iciiae?eo ieeo a OO aoa i?iaaaeaiee o a?aeiia?aeiino? aei a?aeiiiai
aeai?eoio. Ia IEOE ia i?aoethth/iio o neeaae? e?i?? ae?iaieoeoaa
?ic/eiii? eaae OO cae?enithaaany aenia?eiaio ii aei??thaaiith
eiioeaio?aoe?e ieeo i?iaeoeoo aei ? i?ney o?oaiiai io/ea ON. Ca
aeiiiiiaith eiii’thoa?ii? i?ia?aie aoea aecia/aia ci?ia iie?a ieeiai?noo
ii ?yaeao a aia?ao?. Iio?i o aeai?eoi aianee ooi/iaiiy, ui o?aoiaothoue
i?aeeiiiiiaioiee ianiiai?i, oiaoi aca?iiae?th ieeo iioieo ia o?eueee c
iiaa?oiath OO, aea ? c no?eath/ith aieiaith eiiaeainaoo. Iia?
caeaaeiino? caaacia/othoue e?aua iaaeeaeaiiy ?ic?aooieiaeo aaee/ei aei
aenia?eiaioaeueieo cia/aiue, ui aeicaieeei ?ica(ycaoe caaaeaiiy ?iaioe —
noai?eoe iaoiaeeeo iiaeaethaaiiy an??? iiaiioe niieo/aii o?eaath/eo
i?ioean?a oaieiianiiai?io o i?aeo?oaiiio i?inoi?? OIO-aia?aoa.
?acoeueoaoe ?ic?aooie?a oa aei??thaaiue iiaeai? ia ?en.7. I?e oeueiio
iioeaea aecia/aiiy iie?a ?iciiae?eo ieeo ciaioeeany a?ae 50,9 aei 16,4(.

I?e ?icaeyae? i?iaeai, ui aeieeathoue o oiae? i?iaaaeaiiy
aia?aicaiuaaeaeoth/eo caoiae?a, iaiao?aeii o?aoiaoaaoe ii??aiyeueio
neeaaei?noue ?o ??oaiiy aeey ??cieo a?oi oaieiaeo ao?ao. I?e ci?iao o
?nioth/eo eiino?oeoe?yo ?cieyoe?eieo iie?eoo?a aiinyoueny ci?ie o
ea?oeio ?iciiae?eo oaiia?aoo?ieo iie?a oa oaieiaeo iioie?a o neeaaei?e
nenoai? ae?iaie/iai oeaoo. Nenoaia neeaaea?oueny ?c ??ciiiai?oieo
aia?ao?a, ye? niiaeeaathoue ??ci? aeaee aia?aiiin??a (aac, ia?a,
iia?o?y). Canoinoaaiiy OO iio?aao? i?iaaaeaiiy neeaaeieo ?ic?aooie?a,
aa?o/e aei oaaae i?e?iaeo o?eoaciiai ia?iieeiaaciaiai iioieo ?c
?aaaoth/eie e?aieeiaie oa /anoeiaie, a oaeiae niieo/aii o?eaath/?
oaieiianiiai?i?, aa?iaeeiai?/i? i?ioeane. Aeeeaaeaia aecia/a? iai?yie
aeine?aeaeaiue o aaeoc? oaeineiiaeaiiy aia?aioaoiieia?e. Nenoaia
i?aei?e?inoaa, ui aeei?enoiao?oueny o oiae? oaeineiiaeaiiy
oaieioaoiieia?e oa i?iaaaeaiiy caoiae?a ii aia?aicaiuaaeaeaiith,
cia?aaeaia ia ?en.8.

I?e aeine?aeaeaiiyo ia i?aei?e?inoaao oa?/iai? i?iieneiaino? a ?aieao
canoinoaaiiy nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo i?iaaaeaii oi?ioaaiiy aace aeaieo
aeaea?ae oaieiaeo ao?ao oa ?o iiooaeiinoae. Ii??aiyeueia aoaeoeai?noue
caoiae?a, ui cae?eniththoueny ia ??cieo aoaiao ?aae?caoe?? i?ia?aie
aia?aicaiuaaeaeaiiy, iiaeaia o aeaeyae? noiaa/aoi? a?noia?aie, ca
aeiiiiiaith yei? a?aeia?aaeathoueny aaniethoi? aaee/eie aeey onueiai
eiia?iaoo o oe?eiio (?en.9). O a?aeiia?aeiino? aei a?oi ao?ao
cai?iiiiiaai? iaoiaee ?o e?ea?aeoaaiiy. O oaoiieia?yo
oa?/ieiioeaio?aoiiai ae?iaieoeoaa i?ioean cae?enith?oueny c iaaaeeeith
e?euee?noth i?iaeoeoo, oiio aia?aii?noe?noue ao?ao oe??? a?oie ? iaeith.
Aeey aeei?enoaiiy oaieioe a?aei?aoeueiaaiiai aia?aiiin?y iiaeeeaa
canoinoaaiiy ooee?caoi??a ia iniia? aeia?iaoaaeueii-eiiaeainaoe?eieo
aaoiiiiieo oa?iineoiiieo iiaeoe?a, ui aeicaiey? nei?ioeoe aeo?aoe iaeeaa
ia 8-15 SYMBOL 37 \f «Symbol» \s 14 % ii caaiaeo ? aei 35-40( ii
ie?aieo aia?aoao. Anoaiiaeai? oeyoe cieaeaiiy ao?ao oaieioe c
ianeiiaeainiaaiith ia?ith a eaei?eoa?ao a?ae 80 aei 20 SYMBOL 37 \f
«Symbol» \s 14 % (a?ae aia?a??, ui niiaeeaa?oueny) oeyoii anoaiiaeaiiy
eiiaeainaoia?aea?aeiee?a oa ?aoe?iiae?caoe?? ?aaeei?a ?iaioe. Aeey
aia?aii?noeiai iaeaaeiaiiy oa?/ieiioeaio?aoiiai ae?iaieoeoaa (nooa?ee,
iaaea?thaaeuei?, aa?eeuei?, aeno?aeoe?ei? onoaiiaee, aacia? oiiee
eioaeueieo aa?aaao?a oa oaoiieia?/ieo aia?ao?a, ia?ia? oa aiaiaa?
eaei?eoa?e) aeooaeueiith ? i?iaeaia e?ea?aeoaaiiy ao?ao a?ae no?iie
ei?ion?a ?c-ca eiiaaeoeaiiai oa ?aae?aoe?eiiai oaieiia?aiino.
Oaeineiiaeaiiy oaieiaiai noaio oeaoo ca aeiiiiiaith ?ic?iaeaii?
iaoiaeeee aeicaieeoue oe? ao?aoe nei?ioeoe a?ae 5 aei 1 SYMBOL 37 \f
«Symbol» \s 14 % a?ae iii?iaeueii? iiooaeiino? iaeaaeiaiiy.

AENIIAEE

1. Iaoaiaoe/iei oa aenia?eiaioaeueiei iiaeaethaaiiyi aeiaaaeaia
ni?aaaaeeea?noue cai?iiiiiaaii? a?iioace i?i ?noioiee aieea i?ioean?a
i?aeoacii? aca?iiae?? eiiiiiaio?a a ia?iieeiaaciaiio iioioe? o
i?aeo?oaiiio i?inoi?? oa?iineoiiiiai ?aeoia?aoi?a a oiiaao ia?oe?aeueii?
eiiaeainaoe?? aiaeyii? ia?e ye ia aoaeoeai?noue i/euaiiy iioieo, oae ?
ia ?ioaineai?noue oaieiianiia?aiino na?aaeiaeua oa aia?a?? a
ooee?caoi??. Aeei?enoaiiy ??aiyiiy (5) aeicaiey? ciaioeoe iioeaeo
aecia/aiiy eiioeaio?aoe?eieo iie?a a OIO ?c 50,9 aei 16,4(.

2. Iaoo?i? aeine?aeaeaiiy oa eiii’thoa?ia iiaeaethaaiiy aeiaaee, ui
oaieia? ca SYMBOL 162 \f «Symbol» \s 14 c ycee i?ae aia?aii?noeeie
oaieiaeae?eyth/eie aeaiaioaie i?iieneiaiai iaeaaeiaiiy /a?ac
iina?aaeieoeoai oiio iia?o?yieo ia SYMBOL 162 \f «Symbol» \s 14 c ?i?a
oaoiieia?/iiai oeaoo oa ae?iaie/iai iiiaoeaiiy ne?ae ?icaeyaeaoe ?c
canoinoaaiiyi nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo ia aeuiio ???a?o?/iiio ??ai? oeaoo
i?e ae?? i?eioeeio noia?iiceoe?? ia ieae/iio ???a?o?/iiio ??ai? o iaaeao
anoaiiaeaiiai iaeaaeiaiiy i?e iiaea?i?coaaii? ae?th/eo
oaieioaoiieia?/ieo eiiieaen?a, ui aieeaa? ia ea?oeio i?inoi?iai-/aniaiai
?iciiae?eo ia?aiao??a.

3. Aecia/aia niieo/aiiy ia?aiao??a iioieo — oaeaeeino? (?ia?oe?? ?ooo),
aieiaiai?noo, ieeiai?noo (caa?oaeiaiino? aaciaeo aeeeae?a) —
oa?aeoa?eco? e?eoe/io oi/eo. I?e aeinyaiaii? e?eoe/ii? ciie eiiieaeno
ia?aiao??a o?eaa? ia?a?iciiae?e /anoee ia?oiii/aoeiai caoiieaiiai oa
iio?i e?ioeaaa ?ic/eiaiiai ieeo i?ae ?yaeaie OO, ui aecia/a?
aeno?aiaeueiee iae?i?eiee oa?aeoa? iie?a eiioeaio?aoe?? i?iaeoeoo a
ooee?caoe?eiiio aia?ao?. Iaoai?ci o?eaaiiy i?ioeano i?aeoacii?
aca?iiae??, yeee i?eionea?oueny, i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny a?coaeueieie
ye?nieie niinoa?aaeaiiyie oa iaoaiaoe/ieie e?euee?nieie ?ic?aooieaie
?aaeoe?? caoiiethaaiiy /anoeiie eaoeiai ieeo e?aieeiaie no?eath/i?
aieiae.

4. A iniia? ?iaeaia?ii? iaoiaeeee ?ic?aooieo eiino?oeoeaieo ia?aiao??a
oa aenieoaoaoe?eieo ?aaeei?a ooee?caoe?eiiai iaeaaeiaiiy eaaeeoue
e?eoa??aeueia ??aiyiiy, ui ?aeiiaiaeiaaii (5), no?oeoo?a yeiai aea?aia c
?yaeo aeueoa?iaoeaieo caeaaeiinoae. I?e oa?aeoa?enoeoe? ?ici???a
iiaa?oi? oaciaiai eiioaeoo (eiao?oe??io?a, ui iienothoue ae?aiacii
aoaeo?a a i?ioean? ianiia?aiino) aecia/ath/ei ?ici??ii (oaeei, ui
aa?aoueny ca e?i?eiee ia?aiao? o ??aiyii?) ? ae?aiao? e?aieeie, a
ae?aiao? /anoeie ia aieeaa? ?noioiei /eiii ia ?ioaineai?noue
i?aeeiiiiiaioii? ?aaeoe?eii? aca?iiae??.

5. Iiaeeea?noue cae?enithaaoe i?aeoe/ii iiaia i/euaiiy aeeeae?a
a?aei?aoeueiaaiiai oaieiiin?y o aeaeyae? aa?icieueiiai o?eoaciiai
ia?iieeiaaciaiai iioieo iio?aao? aai i?aai?caoe?? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
niaoeeo?/ieo ?aaeei?a aenieoaoaoe?? ooee?caoe?eieo aia?ao?a, aai
canoinoaaiiy eeoa o aecia/aiiio ae?aiacii? ni?aa?aeiioaiue eiiiiiaio?a
iioieo, yeee ooee?co?oueny a onoaiiaoe?.

6. Aaca aeaieo ii oaieiaeo ao?aoao ae?iaieoeoaa, yea noi?iiaaia ia
i?eeeaae? IEOE ? ei?aeoiith, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny ca aeiiiiiaith
i?ea?iaeueii? eiino?oeoe?? oa?iiuoia, oeyoii canoinoaaiiy yeiai
cae?enithaaeinue oa?oaaiiy iieacaiue i??iiao?a, ui aoa aeei?enoaiee aeey
i?iaaaeaiiy aiaeia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue aeenoaioe?eiei iaoiaeii.

7. Iiaeaiiy ae?iaieoeoaa oa?/iaeo eiioeaio?ao?a ia ??cieo ???a?o?/ieo
??aiyo ?c canoinoaaiiyi aia?aoa iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy (oeyoii
noai?aiiy nenoaie aaeainiaeo, aeeoa?aioe?eieo, e?eoa??aeueieo ??aiyiue)
iiaea aooe aeioe?eueiei aeey io?eiaiiy oaieioaoiieia?/iiai
oa?aeoa?enoe/iiai ia?aco IEOE.

8. I?ia?aia ?ic?aooieo oa iaa?oiooaaiiy ?aoe?iiaeueieo oaieiaeo ?aaeei?a
aia?aii?noeiai oaoiieia?/iiai iaeaaeiaiiy noai?aia ca aeiiiiiaith
iaoiaeo aeaeo?ioaieiai? aiaeia?? c o?aooaaiiyi nenoaiieo ca SYMBOL 162
\f «Symbol» \s 14 c yce?a i?ae ??ciiiai?oiei oa?i?/iei iaeaaeiaiiyi, o
yeiio cae?enith?oueny ia?iaea ne?iaeie oa i?iaeoeoo. Oea aeicaieeei
ni?inoeoe i?iaeaio, ui ?ic?iaey?oueny, ia iniia? ia?aoiaeo a?ae
?icaeyaeo neeaaeii? oaieiai? ea?oeie eiiieaeno ae?iaieoeoaa oa?/iaeo
eiioeaio?ao?a aei ??oaiiy cai?ioii? caaea/? oaieii?ia?aeiinoe ?c
canoinoaaiiyi eiia?iiaaieo aenia?eiaioaeueii-aiae?oe/ieo iaoiae?a.
I?ia?aia aea? iiaeeea?noue aecia/aoe oiiae aeieiai-a?aiiii?/ii?
eiioi?oiino? i?aoe? oa aia?ai-aeieia?/ii? aeioe?eueiino? i?ioeano o
ae?iaie/iio iiiaoeaii?.

9. I?ia?aia aia?aicaiuaaeaeaiiy aeey oaoiieia?/ieo ae?iaieoeoa o neeaae?
oa?/ieiioeaio?aoii? oa oa?/iai? aaeocae aaco?oueny ia aeei?enoaii?
?aoe?iiaeueieo noai ?ooo oa canoinoaaiiy oaiei?ano?n?a. Aeioe?euei?noue
cai?iiiiiaaieo ??oaiue aeiaaaeaia oeyoii cae?eniaiiy ai?iaaoe??
iaoiaeeee aia?aiaoaeeoo oa aia?aicaiuaaeaeaiiy aeey oe?aiiaea?nueeiai oa
oa?/ieiioeaio?aoiiai ae?iaieoeoa. O oiae? neioaco i?ia?aie anoaiiaeai?
i??i?eoaoe aoai?a ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ia iniia? aiae?co ii??aiyeueii?
aoaeoeaiino? oeyo?a nei?i/aiiy ieoiiiai oaieiniiaeeaaiiy, ui aoei
iiaeaii o aeaeyae? i??ai?aee aia?aicaiuaaeaeaiiy. ?ic?iaeai? caoiaee
iiaeeeai cae?enithaaoe ia i?aei?e?inoaao on?o aaeocae, aea
cono??/athoueny niaoeeo?/i? iioiee ?c ieeii, ye?e ?ic/eiy?oueny, oa
oa?i?/ia iaeaaeiaiiy, yea iio?aao? oaeineiiaeaiiy oaieiaiai noaio.

Nienie iioae?eiaaieo i?aoeue ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??.

1. Aeineiaeaeaiiy caeiiiii?iinoae eiiaoeee nooiiiy iaaooo / A.I.
Noaieaae/, Aeueoiaai Aaeaeue, E.E. Ianyiieeiaa, I.E. Noaiaanueeee —
Iaoeiai i?aoei IAeAOO, II Oe?a?ie, Aei.16. Oaeineiiaeaiiy inioth/eo oa
?ic?iaea iiaeo oaoiieiaie aeey oa?/iai? oa ca?iiia?a?iaii?
i?iieneiainoae.- Iaeana,1996.-N.258-263.

2. Iiaeaethaaiiy aa?icieueieo iioieia c ?aaaoth/eie /anoeiaie / I.E.
Noaiaanueeee, A.ss. Aaiiee/, N. Aaeaea, I.A. Ao?aei — Iaoeiai i?aoei
IAeAOO, II Oe?a?ie, Aei.18. Oaeineiiaeaiiy inioth/eo oa ?ic?iaea iiaeo
oaoiieiaie aeey oa?/iai? oa ca?iiia?a?iaii? i?iieneiainoae.-
Iaeana,1998.-N.217-221.

3. Noaiaanueeee I.E., Oa?c??a N.A., Naeaiaoa A.?. Iiaeaethaaiiy
aa?icieueieo iioieia c ?aaaoth/eie /anoeiaie // Iaoeiai i?aoei IAeAOO,
II Oe?a?ie, Aei.19. Oaeineiiaeaiiy inioth/eo oa ?ic?iaea iiaeo
oaoiieiaie aeey oa?/iai? oa ca?iiia?a?iaii? i?iieneiainoae.-
Iaeana,1999.-N.251-253.

4. Noaiaaneee I.E., Aeneaeiaa E.I. Iiaeaee?iaaiea oaieiaiai ninoiyiey
oeaaiiaea?iiai oeaoa iaoiaeii yeaeo?ioaieiaie aiaeiaee // Iaoeiai i?aoei
SYMBOL 178 \f «Symbol» \s 14 ? I?iaeaie oa ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo
ae?iaieoeoaa oa niiaeeaaiiy oeiaii?iaeoeoia SYMBOL 178 \f «Symbol» \s 14
? , Oii 6. SYMBOL 178 \f «Symbol» \s 14 ? Aia?ai i ?ano?nicaa?iaath/i
oaoiiea i oaoiieiaiy. Iiaeaethaaiiy aia?aioaoiieiaie SYMBOL 178 \f
«Symbol» \s 14 ? .- Iaeana,1996.- N.57-59.

5. Noaiaaneee I.E., Oa?ceaa N.A. Oaieiia?aiin o?aooaciiai iioieo a
oaieiooeeecaoi?ao // Iaoeiai i?aoei SYMBOL 178 \f «Symbol» \s 14 ?
I?iaeaie oa ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo ae?iaieoeoaa oa niiaeeaaiiy
oeiaii?iaeoeoia SYMBOL 178 \f «Symbol» \s 14 ? , Oii 6. SYMBOL 178 \f
«Symbol» \s 14 ? Aia?ai i ?ano?nicaa?iaath/i oaoiiea i oaoiieiaiy.
Iiaeaethaaiiy aia?aioaoiieiaie SYMBOL 178 \f «Symbol» \s 14 ? .-
Iaeana,1996.- N.60-62.

6. Noaiaaneee I.E., Oa?ceaa N.A., Eiuo A.E. Oaieiia?aiin o?aooaciiai
iioieo i?e ?aaae?othueo n iioieii /anoeoeao // Iao/iua o?oaeu
iaaeaeoia?iaeiie iaii?eaeueiie e iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneie eiioa?aioeee iaiyoe
aeaae. A.E.Oeaoiaiaaoia.- *anoue 2.- Iaeanna: Ano?ii?eio,1997.-
N.363-372.

7. Noaiaaneee I.E., Aaeaea N. Eiiiuethoa?iia iiaeaee?iaaiea oaieiaiai
ninoiyiey i?iecaiaenoaaiiiai oeaoa // Iao/iua o?oaeu iaaeaeoia?iaeiie
iaii?eaeueiie e iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneie eiioa?aioeee iaiyoe aeaae.
A.E.Oeaoiaiaaoia.- *anoue 2.- Iaeanna: Ano?ii?eio,1997.- N.390-394.

8. Burdo O.G., Domansky R.A., Stanevsky O.L. Condensation heat transfer
on the grooved capillary surfaces // 5-th International heat pipe
symposium, November 17-20, 1996.- Melbourne, Australia.- ?.151-157.

9. Heat pipes in the processes and apparatyses of food productions /
O.G. Burdo, S. Gayda, E.A. Kovalenko, O.L. Stanevsky — 3-th
International seminar SYMBOL 178 \f «Symbol» \s 14 ? Heat pipes, Heat
pumps, Refrigerators SYMBOL 178 \f «Symbol» \s 14 ? , September 15-18,
1997.- Minsk, Belarus.- ?.130-134.

10. Ao?aei I.A., Oa?ceaa N.A., Noaiaaneee I.E. Oaoiieiaey nieaeaiey
oaieiauo iioa?ue iai?oaeiaaiey // IOeIOE, eioi?iaoeeiiiue eenoie i
iao/ii-oaoie/aneii aeinoeaeaiee SYMBOL 78 \f «Symbol» \s 14 N SYMBOL
176 \f «Symbol» \s 14 ° 070-96.- Iaeanna,1996.

11. Yia?aaoe/aneee aoaeeo oaoiieiae/aneiai iai?oaeiaaiey e i?iecaiaenoa
/ I.A. Ao?aei, N. Aaeaea, E.I. Aeneaeiaa, I.E. Noaiaaneee — IOeIOE,
eioi?iaoeeiiiue eenoie i iao/ii-oaoie/aneii aeinoeaeaiee SYMBOL 78 \f
«Symbol» \s 14 N SYMBOL 176 \f «Symbol» \s 14 ° 185-97.- Iaeanna,1997.

12. Noaiaanueeee I.E., Naioee/iee I.I., *a?aaeiee E.A. Aecia/aiiy
noaoe/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee oaieiiaiiiieea // IOEII ei. I.A.Eiiiiiniaa.
Oacenu aeieeaaeia 54-e iao/iie eiioa?aioeee.- *anoue 2.- Iaeanna,1994.-
N.68.

13. Inoai/oe I.A., Noaiaaneee I.E., Eunaiei A.A. Aiaeec eiioo?ia
oi?aaeaiey i?ioeannii oaieiiaiaia // IAAIO. Oacenu aeieeaaeia 55-e
iao/iie eiioa?aioeee.- *anoue 1.- Iaeanna,1995.- N.226.

14. Ioauoe A.I., Noaiaanueeee I.E., Aa?aaoeueei A.I. Ii?iaiyeueiee
aiaeic aeeiaii/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee oaieiiaiiiieea // IAAIO. Oacenu
aeieeaaeia 56-e iao/iie eiioa?aioeee.- *anoue 1.- Iaeanna,1996.- N.192.

15. Ao?aei I.A., Noaiaaneee I.E., Aaeaea N. Iiaeaee?iaaiea
yia?aioaoiieiaee ieuaauo i?iecaiaenoa iaoiaeii yeaeo?ioaieiaie aiaeiaee
// IAAIO. Oacenu aeieeaaeia 56-e iao/iie eiioa?aioeee.- *anoue 1.-
Iaeanna,1996.- N.171.

16. Noaiaaneee I.E., Oa?ceaa N.A. Yenia?eiaioaeueiue noaiae aeey
enneaaeiaaiee oaieiioaea/e aeaaeiiai caiueaiiiai aaca e i?aa?aiiie
oaieiaie o?oaa // IAAIO. Oacenu aeieeaaeia 56-e iao/iie eiioa?aioeee.-
*anoue 1.- Iaeanna,1996.- N.176.

17. Noaiaaneee I.E., Ia?aoyea N.I., Oa?ceaa N.A. Nenoaiiue aiaeec
yia?aioaoiieiaee ieuaeiioeaio?aoiiai i?iecaiaenoaa // Oace aeiiiaiaeae
?O-? Iiaeia?iaeii? eiioa?aioei? SYMBOL 178 \f «Symbol» \s 14 ?
Oaeineiiaeaiiy i?ioeania oa aia?aoia oiii/ieo, oa?/iaeo oa iaooioiii/ieo
ae?iaieoeoa SYMBOL 178 \f «Symbol» \s 14 ? .- *anoeia 7 SYMBOL 178 \f
«Symbol» \s 14 ? ?ano?nicaa?iaath/i oa aeieiai/ii /enoi
aia?aioaoiieiai?. Oaieiai o?oae. Oaieiai ianine. SYMBOL 178 \f «Symbol»
\s 14 ? — Iaeana,1996.- N.31.

Aiioaoe?y

Noaiaanueeee I.E. Iiaeaethaaiiy oa oaeineiiaeaiiy aia?aiaeei?enoiaoth/eo
i?ioean?a oa aia?ao?a oa?/ieiioeaio?aoieo ae?iaieoeoa. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.18.12 — i?ioeane oa aia?aoe oa?/iaeo ae?iaieoeoa.
— Iaeanueea aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y oa?/iaeo oaoiieia?e, Iaeana, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia ?ic?iaoe? iaoeiaeo iniia aia?aicaiuaaeaeaiiy.
Cae?eniaii aeine?aeaeaiiy aoaeo?a i?aeeiiiiiaioii? ianiiai?ii?
aca?iiae?? aeaiaio?a aa?icieueiiai iioieo o i?aeo?oaiiio i?inoi??
ooee?caoi?a, ye? ?ai?o ia aoee aea/ai?. ?ic?iaeai? iniiae oai???
oaieiianiia?aiino ia?iieeiaaciaiai oaieiiin?y o ON-ooee?caoi?ao, ye?
aeeth/athoue aaiethoe?eio eeaneo?eaoe?th niaoeeo?/ieo i?ioean?a ia?aiino
oa iaoaiaoe/i? oa aii??e/i? iiaeae? eiia?iiaaieo i?ioean?a. ?ic?iaeai?
aeai?eoi oa i?ia?aia aeey aiae?co oaieiai? neooaoe?? i?aei?e?inoaa oa
i?i?i?caoe?? oaieiaeo ao?ao iaeaaeiaiiy ca ?aooiie noai?aiiy
iiaeeeainoae ae?iaeaiiy aeioe?eueiiai (aeiiii?/ii aei?aaaeaiiai)
iaa?oiooaaiiy i?iaeooaaiith iineeaii? aeineiiaei? oa?i?/ii? ?cieyoe??.
Iaoiaeaie iaoaiaoe/iiai oa aenia?eiaioaeueiiai iiaeaethaaiiy aeiaaaeaia
ei?aeoi?noue iaoeiaeo iniia ?iaeaia?iiai i?iaeooaaiiy oa oaoi?/ii?
aenieoaoaoe?? oaieiianiooee?caoe?eieo aia?ao?a ia aac? aeaioacieo
aeia?iaoaaeueii-eiiaeainaoe?eieo aaoiiiiieo iiaeoe?a (TT oa TC).

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aia?aicaiuaaeaeaiiy, oaieioaoiieia??, oaieia? o?oae,
oaieiianiia?aiin, oaieiooee?caoeey.

Aiiioaoeey

Noaiaaneee I.E. Iiaeaee?iaaiea e niaa?oainoaiaaiea yia?aieniieuecothueo
i?ioeannia e aiia?aoia ieuaeiioeaio?aoiuo i?iecaiaenoa. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea iao/iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.18.12 — i?ioeannu e aiia?aou ieuaauo i?iecaiaenoa.
— Iaeanneay ainoaea?noaaiiay aeaaeaiey ieuaauo oaoiieiaee, Iaeanna,
1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia ?ac?aaioea iao/iuo iniia yia?ainaa?aaeaiey ia
i?eia?a ieuaeiioeaio?aoiiai i?iecaiaenoaa. ?acoeueoaou ?aaiou aiciiaeii
i?eiaieoue ai anao io?aneyo, aaea ano?a/athony niaoeeoe/aneea iioiee
io?aaioaiiiai oaieiiineoaey (ecaioiaeaiea ?anoai?eiiai eioa, nooiai
iieiea, naoa?a, yeno?aeoia iaieoeia) n ?anoai?eiie iueueth aioiaiai
i?iaeoeoa e aaea eniieuecoaony yia?aiaieia onoa?aaoaa iai?oaeiaaiea
(yia?aaoeea, iaoaeeo?aey, oeiey), o?aaothuaa iiaea?iecaoeee ecieyoeee ia
ei?ionao. I?iaaaeai aiaeec ooieoeeiie?othueo n?aaenoa ooeeecaoeee
oaieiou e iannu oeaiiiai i?iaeoeoa ec niaoeeoe/aneeo aua?inia
oaoiieiae/aneeo aa?aaaoia. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi iaeaieaa aeooaeueiui a
nia?aiaiiuo oneiaeyo yaeyaony eniieueciaaiea oaieiiaiaiieeia ia iniiaa
iaoaeaaiuo e i?aa?aiiuo OO e ON. Ia aaca aiaeeca ?acoeueoaoia
i?iecaiaenoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe aiaae?aiiuo ooeeecaoeeiiiuo aiia?aoia
inouanoaeaii enneaaeiaaiea ?aiaa iaeco/aiiuo yooaeoia iaaeeiiiiiaioiiai
ianniiaiaiiiai acaeiiaeaenoaey yeaiaioia ay?icieueiiai o?aooaciiai
iioieo a iaaeo?oaiii i?ino?ainoaa ooeeecaoi?a. ?ac?aaioaiu iniiau oai?ee
oaieiianniia?aiina ia?iiueaaaciaiai oaieiiineoaey a oa?iineoiiiuo
oaieiianniooeeecaoeeiiiuo aiia?aoao, eioi?ua aeeth/atho yaiethoeeiiioth
eeanneoeeaoeeth niaoeeoe/aneeo i?ioeannia ia?aiina, ioia?aaeathuoth
acaeiiaeaenoaea ay?icieueiiai iioiea e oa?iineoiiiiai io/ea, a oaeaea
iaoaiaoe/aneea e yiie?e/aneea iiaeaee eiiaeie?iaaiiuo i?ioeannia
ia?aiina, iieo/aiiua n eniieueciaaieai oai?ee iiaeiaey e iaoiaea aiaeeca
?acia?iinoae. Aeaiu ?aeiiaiaeaoeee aeey ?an/aoa oaieiianniiaiaia i?e
i?iaaaeaiee eiaeaia?iuo i?ioeaaeo? ii?aaeaeaiey ia?aiao?ia e
oa?aeoa?enoee ooeeecaoeeiiiiai iai?oaeiaaiey. Onoaiiaeaia acaeiinaycue
iaaeaeo neaaenoaeai — eciaiaieai iiey oaiia?aoo?u aeaeaeouaeny n?aaeu a
aiia?aoa e i?e/eiie — eciaiaieai iiey eiioeaio?aoeee iuee a iioiea ec-ca
aeiiieieoaeueiiai yooaeoa oeaaeeaaiey iuee a iaaeo?oaiii i?ino?ainoaa,
oiaiueoaiey oieueiu e oa?ie/aneiai nii?ioeaeaiey neiy iuee ia
iiaa?oiinoe oaieiiaiaia OO, oaaee/aiey oaieiaiai iioiea io aeaeaeouaeny
n?aaeu e iiaa?oiinoe ON. Iiieii i?yiie, nouanoaoao e ia?aoiay eiae/aneay
iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoue, io?aaeathuay naycue iaaeaeo nii?yaeaiii
i?ioaeathueie acaeiiaeaenoaothueie i?ioeannaie: ii?aaeaeaii niioiioaiea
iaaeaeo neaaenoaeai — eciaiaieai iiey iueaniaea?aeaiey iioiea e i?e/eiie
— eciaiaieai iiey oaiia?aoo?u a aicaeooiii i?ino?ainoaa ?yaeia OO a
aiia?aoa ec-ca ioeaaeaeaiey o?aooaciiai ay?icieueiiai ia?iiueaaaciaiai
oaieiiineoaey, ia?oeeaeueiie eiiaeainaoeee aiaeyiiai ia?a ia iiaa?oiinoe
oaieiiaiaia OO, ?aaeoeee iaaeeiiiiiaioiiai ianniiaiaiiiai
acaeiiaeaenoaey /anoeoe eaoyuae iuee a iioiea e eaieyie noaeathuae aeaae
n iiaa?oiinoe ON (ia?aciaaaoeeny eiiaeainao aeiiieieoaeueii oeaaeeaaao
i?iaeoeo ec io?aaioaiiuo aua?inia oaoiieiae/aneeo onoaiiaie; i?e yoii
i?ienoiaeeo oaaee/aiea eiioeaio?aoeee yeno?aeoa, aica?auaaiiai a
iniiaiia i?iecaiaenoai). ?ac?aaioaiu aeai?eoi e i?ia?aiia aeey aiaeeca
oaieiaie neooaoeee i?aaei?eyoey e ieieiecaoeee oaieiauo iioa?ue
iai?oaeiaaiey ca n/ao nicaeaiey aiciiaeiinoae au?aaioee oeaeaniia?aciiai
(yeiiiie/anee ii?aaaeaiiiai) iainiiaaiey i?iaeoe?iaaieth oneeaiiie
niaa?oaiiie oa?ie/aneie ecieyoeee. Iaoiaeaie iaoaiaoe/aneiai e
yenia?eiaioaeueiiai iiaeaee?iaaiey aeieacaia ei??aeoiinoue iao/iuo iniia
eiaeaia?iiai i?iaeoe?iaaiey e oaoie/aneie yenieoaoaoeee
oaieiianniooeeecaoeeiiiuo aiia?aoia ia aaca aeaoooaciuo
enia?eoaeueii-eiiaeainaoeeiiiuo aaoiiiiiuo iiaeoeae (oaieiauo o?oa e
oa?ie/aneeo neoiiia). A oiaea i?iaaaeaiey yia?aiaoaeeoa ninoaaeaia
i?ia?aiia yia?ainaa?aaeaiey aeey ieuaeiioeaio?aoiiai eiiaeiaoa,
ioaa/athuay nia?aiaiiiio o?iaith. I?ia?aiia i?aaeoniao?eaaao ea?a?oeth
i?ei?eoaoia, a niioaaonoaee n eioi?uie ?aaeecothony yoaiu
yia?ainaa?aaeaiey: io ia?aiia/aeueiuo i?aaiecaoeeiiii-oaoie/aneeo
ia?ii?eyoee, ia o?aaothueo eaieoaeiaeiaeaiee, aei ia?niaeoeaiuo
iao/ii-oaoiieiae/aneeo enneaaeiaaiee ii nicaeaieth i?iecaiaenoaa ia
aeueoa?iaoeaiuo oece/aneeo i?eioeeiao, n?ie aiaae?aiey eioi?uo ia iiaeao
auoue ni?iaiice?iaai n o?aaoaiie oi/iinoueth e ioaaonoaaiiinoueth. A
?anii?yaeaiea niaoeeaeenoia i?aaei?eyoey iinooiaao ?acaa?iooue
eioi?iaoeeiiiue iaoa?eae, iicaieythuee i?eieiaoue ?aoeeiiaeueiua ?aoaiey
a eiie?aoiie yeiiiie/aneie neooaoeee.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: yia?ainaa?aaeaiea, oaieioaoiieiaee, oaieiaua o?oau,
oaieiianniia?aiin, oaieiooeeecaoeey.

The summary

Stanevsky O.L. Modelling and perfecting energy used processes and
meanses food-concentrate of productions. — Manuscript.

Thesis on competition of a scientific degree of the candidate of
engineering science on a speciality 05.18.12 — processes and meanses of
food productions. — Odessa state academy of food technologies, Odessa,
1999.

The thesis is devoted to development of scientific bases energy-saving.
The research before the unexplored effects intercomponent mass-exchange
of interaction of elements of an aerosol stream in inter-pipe space
utilizator is carried out. Are developed by a fundamentals of the theory
heat-mass-carrying vapour-dust-gas of the heat-carrier in
TS-utilizators, which include a developmental classification of specific
processes of transposition and mathematical and empirical models of
combined processes. Are developed algorithm and program for the analysis
of a thermal situation of the enterprise and minimization of thermal
losses of the equipment at the expense of creation of possibilities of
development expedient (economically justified) substantiation to
designing of strengthened perfect thermal isolation. The methods of
mathematical and experimental modelling prove a correctness of
scientific bases of engineering designing and technical operation
heat-mass-utilization of meanses on basis of two-phase
evapour-condensation autonomous modules (heat pipes (HP) and thermal
siphons (TS)).

Key word: energy-saving, heat-technologies, heat pipes,
heat-mass-carrying, heat-utilization.

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 21.05.1999. Oi?iao 60*841/16

Ia(?i 1,0 oiia.ae?oe.a?e. Caiiaeaiiy ? 178. Oe?aae 100 i?ei.

A?aeae?e iie?a?ao?? IAeAOO /i.Iaeana, aoe.Eaiaoia, 112/

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