OA?E?ANUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE IIE?OAOI?*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

?nnai Oonnaei Oao?i

OAeE 621.313.32:621.318.13

IIAeAETHAAIIss OA AIAE?C IA?AO?AeIEO I?IOeAN?A

O IAAI?OIAEAEO?E*IEO NEIO?IIIEO AAIA?AOI?AO

AeEss CIAIOAIIss AEO?AOE IAAI?OIIOAA?AeEO IAOA??AE?A

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 05.09.01 — Aeaeo?e/i? iaoeie ? aia?aoe

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oa?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio iie?oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao?
I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

?aaiaiei A?oae?e Ieeeoiae/,

Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iie?oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao,

aeioeaio eaoaae?e aeaeo?e/ieo iaoei.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe — aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Iianoaiue A?eoi? Ieaenaiae?iae/,

Ee?anueeee i?aeia?iaeiee oi?aa?neoao

oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e aeaeo?iiaoai?ee;

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Cicoe?i TH??e Aaneeueiae/,

Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee, i?iaeoii-eiino?oeoi?nueeee ? oaoiieia?/iee ?inoeooo
aaaeeiai aeaeo?iiaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy, i. Oa?e?a,

aieiaiee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee,

canooiiee aieiaiiai eiino?oeoi?a.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — ?inoeooo aeaeo?iaeeiai?ee

IAI Oe?a?ie, i. Ee?a.

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny 16 aa?aciy 2000 ?. i 14.30 ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 64.050.08 o Oa?e?anueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio iie?oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith:

61002, i. Oa?e?a-2, aoe. O?oica, 21.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iie?oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 28 n?/iy 2000 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Aietho A.O.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie. Aeei?enoaiiy neio?iiieo aaia?aoi??a
iaai?oiaeaeo?e/iiai caoaeaeaiiy ye aaoiiiiieo aeaea?ae aeaeo?iaeeaeaiiy
? ia?niaeoeaiei, oiio ui oae? aaia?aoi?e iathoue iiaio aaceiioaeoi?noue,
aenie? aia?aaoe/i? oa ianiaaaa?eoi? iieacieee, aenie? iaai?oi? oa
aia?aaoe/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee no/anieo iaai?oieo iaoa??ae?a i?e a?aeiinii
iaaaeee?e ?o aa?oino?, aenieo iaae?ei?noue. Aei oeueiai ne?ae aeiaeaoe
i?inoioo ?o ianeoaiaoaaiiy a aenieoaoaoe?? oa iiaeeea?noue noai?aiiy
?aiiioii?eaeaoieo eiino?oeoe?e ?iaeoeoi??a.

?yae ieoaiue, iia’ycaieo c iniaeeainoyie ?iaioe neio?iiieo aaia?aoi??a c
iino?eieie iaai?oaie (NAII), aeiaaa? a?eueo aeaoaeueiiai aiae?co,
iniaeeai oea noino?oueny ?iaioe aaia?aoi??a o ianoaoe?iia?ieo ?aaeeiao.

sse a?aeiii, ia’?i iino?eieo iaai?o?a, a cia/eoue iana ? aa?o?noue
aaia?aoi?a, caeaaeeoue, i?e ?ioeo ??aieo oiiaao, ia?o ca ana a?ae
aaee/eie eiao?oe??ioa oaea?iino?, aecia/aiiai a ?aaeei? ?aioiaiai
ei?ioeiai caieeaiiy (?EC), ? i?aaeeueiee aea?? eiai ia aoai?
i?iaeooaaiiy ia? aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy. O a?aeii?e oaoi?/i?e e?oa?aoo??
eiao?oe??io oaea?iino?, yeee ?aeiiaiaeo?oueny i?e ?ic?aooieo iane
iino?eieo iaai?o?a, aecia/a?oueny a ?aaeei? ?EC i?e iino?ei?e /anoio?
iaa?oaiiy ?ioi?a. O aeiaaeeo iaeeo iiiaio?a ?ia?oe?? iaa?oiaeo ian, ui
ia? i?noea i?e ?iaio? aaia?aoi?a a?ae i?ea?aeiiai aeaeaoia noi??ii?
iiooaeiino?, ?ica’ycaiiy caaea/? i?e iino?ei?e /anoio? iaa?oaiiy iiaea
?icaeyaeaoeny ye ia?oa iaaeeaeaiiy aei ?ica’ycaiiy caaea/? caaaeueiiai
aeiaaeeo. ?aaeuei? ia?ao?aei? i?ioeane caaaeaee noi?iaiaeaeothoueny
ci?iith /anoioe iaa?oaiiy ?ioi?a, ui iaiao?aeii a?aoiaoaaoe o
iaoaiaoe/i?e iiaeae? aaia?aoi?a.

Aaaeeeaei oaeoi?ii, ui aieeaa? ia aeanoeaino? aaia?aoi?a, ? aaiiao??y
iiethniiai iaeiia/ieea, yea caaacia/o? io?eiaiiy aai i?i?iaeueiiai
eiao?oe??ioa oaea?iino?, aai eiao?oe??ioa, iacaeaaeiiai a?ae ia?aiao??a
iicaeiaaeiueiai eiioo?o aaia?aoi?a a aeayeiio ae?aiacii? ?o ci?ie, ui
aeoaea aaaeeeai ia aoai? i?iaeooaaiiy.

Iaei??th c iniiaieo caaea/ i?iaeooaaiiy NAII ? yeiiiaa oi/ia a?aooaaiiy
iaai?oieo iioie?a ?icn?thaaiiy i?ae aeoeaieie iiaa?oiyie iaai?o?a, ui
ia? iniaeeaa cia/aiiy, eiee ?ica’yco?oueny caaea/a iioei?caoe?? iaai?oo
ca aaee/eiith iaeneiaeueii? aia?a?? aai ca aaee/eiith iaeneiaeueii?
iiooaeiino? aaia?aoi?a.

O oaeeo aeiaaeeao io?eiaoe cacia/ai? ?acoeueoaoe iiaeeeai o?eueee
?aaoethaaiiyi iioie?a ?icn?thaaiiy, ui a naith /a?ao iia’ycaii c
a?aeiia?aeiith ci?iith aaiiao??? on??? iaai?oii? nenoaie. Iaea?eueo
oi/ia a?aooaaiiy iioie?a ?icn?thaaiiy aaia?aoi?a iiaeeeai io?eiaoe
oeyoii ?ica’ycaiiy caaea/? ?iciiae?eo ?aaeueiiai iaai?oiiai iiey a
i?aeiiethniiio i?inoi?? aaia?aoi?a.

?iaioe ii noai?aiith ooi/iaieo iaoiaeee ?ic?aooieo ? aeine?aeaeaiith
?iai/eo aeanoeainoae NAII ia i?ioyc? e?eueeio ?ie?a i?iaiaeeeenue
eaoaae?ith aeaeo?e/ieo iaoei Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iie?oaoi?/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo (OAeIO). E?ioeaaith iaoith oeeo ?ia?o aoea ?ic?iaea
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei i?iaeooaaiiy neio?iiieo aaia?aoi??a
iaai?oiaeaeo?e/iiai caoaeaeaiiy c o?aooaaiiyi ia?ao?aeieo ?aaeei?a, ui
iathoue i?noea a oiiaao aenieoaoaoe?? oeeo iaoei. Aeine?aeaeaiiy, ui
i?iaaaeai? o aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio?, oa iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe ?
e?ioeaaei aoaiii iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe eaoaae?e ca oe??th oaiith.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie oa oaiaie. Iaiao?aei?noue
aeine?aeaeaiue, ye? i?iaiaeeeenue o aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio?, aeeeeeaia
aeiiaith noai?aiiy aenieiaoaeoeaieo ? iaae?eieo aeaea?ae aeeaeaiiy oa
ciaioaiiy aeo?aoe aeoeaieo iaoa??ae?a. Oe? aeine?aeaeaiiy iia’ycai? c
iaoeiai-aeine?aeiith ?iaioith eaoaae?e aeaeo?e/ieo iaoei OAeIO ca oaiith
I 3211 “?ic?iaea ooi/iaieo aaaaoi??aiaaeo iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae, ui
caaacia/othoue iioeiaeueiee aea?? ia?aiao??a aeaeo?e/ieo iaoei i?e ?o
i?iaeooaaii? c iaoith i?aeaeuaiiy aia?aaoe/ieo iieaciee?a”, yea
aeeiio?oueny ca?aeii c eii?aeeiaoe?eiei ieaiii I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe
Oe?a?ie (iaeac ? 37 a?ae 13.02.97 ?.), Ae? ? 0197U001921.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiue. Iaoith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ?
a?aooaaiiy ianoaoe?iia?ieo ?aaeei?a ?iaioe NAII ia aoai? i?iaeooaaiiy
aeey iie?ioaiiy ?o ?iai/eo aeanoeainoae.

Aeinyaiaiiy cacia/aii? iaoe ia?aaeaa/aei ?ica’ycaiiy oaeeo caaaeaiue:

?ic?iaea ooi/iaii? iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? NAII c o?aooaaiiyi ci?iii?
/anoioe iaa?oaiiy e eiino?oeoeaiiai aeeiiaiiy ?ioi?a aaia?aoi?a;

ioe?iea aieeao ia?aiao??a iaiioee noaoi?a ? aeaiioa?ieo eiioo??a ?ioi?a
ia aaee/eio eiao?oe??ioa oaea?iino?;

?ic?iaea iaoiaeeee ?ic?aooieo aaiiao??? iiethnii? nenoaie ?ioi?a ca
?acoeueoaoaie iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy ?aaeeio ?EC;

aiae?oe/iee ?ic?aooiie ?iciiae?eo iaai?oiiai iiey a ?iai/iio caci?? ? a
i?aeiiethniiio i?inoi?? aaia?aoi?a c iaoith aecia/aiiy eiao?oe??ioa
?icn?thaaiiy iaai?oii? nenoaie ?ioi?a;

aenia?eiaioaeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy iaeaoiiai c?acea NAII c iaoith
ia?aa??ee a??ia?aeiino? oai?aoe/ieo ? ?ic?aooieiaeo ia?aaeoiia;

?ic?iaea ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei i?iaeooaaiiy ? noai?aiiy NAII i?e ?o
?iaio? ia aaoiiiiia iaaaioaaeaiiy.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a:

?ic?iaeaia ooi/iaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue NAII c o?aooaaiiyi
ia??aiii??iino? iaa?oaiiy e eiino?oeoeaiiai aeeiiaiiy ?ioi?a aaia?aoi?a;

cai?iiiiiaaiee caeii ci?ie iiiaioo i?ea?aeiiai aeaeaoia, yeee
caaacia/o? ca’ycie i?ae aeaeo?iiaai?oiei iiiaioii aaia?aoi?a o noaeiio
?aaeei? ? ci?iiith /anoioith iaa?oaiiy ?ioi?a;

i?iaaaeaia ioe?iea aieeao ia?aiao??a iaiioee noaoi?a ? aeaiioa?ieo
eiioo??a ?ioi?a ia aaee/eio eiao?oe??ioa oaea?iino? ? iaaaaeai?
?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei aeai?o eiai aaee/eie c o?aooaaiiyi eiino?oeoeaiiai
aeeiiaiiy ?ioi?a ? iiooaeiino? aaia?aoi?a;

?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo aaiiao??? iiethnieo iaeiia/iee?a aeey
io?eiaiiy caaeaiiai ??aiy eiao?oe??ioa oaea?iino? c aeei?enoaiiyi oai???
eiiieaeniiai iaai?oiiai iii?o;

c iaoith aecia/aiiy eiao?oe??ioa ?icn?thaaiiy iaai?oo i?iaaaeaii
?ic?aooiie iaai?oiiai iiey aaia?aoi?a c aeei?enoaiiyi eiia?iiaaiiai
iaoiaeo — iaoiae Oo?’? aeey ?ic?aooieo iiey a ?iai/iio caci?? aaia?aoi?a
? iaoiae ??ooea aeey ?ic?aooieo iiey a i?aeiiethniiio i?inoi??.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iieyaa? o noai?aii? iaoiaeee
oa aeai?eoi?a ?ic?aooieo NAII, ye? aeicaieythoue ia aoai? i?iaeooaaiiy
cae?enithaaoe aea?? iniiaieo ia?aiao??a aaia?aoi?a, i?e yeeo
caaacia/o?oueny iaae?eia ?iaioa iino?eieo iaai?o?a ?ioi?a o noaeeo oa
ianoaoe?iia?ieo ?aaeeiao.

Cacia/ai? iaoiaeeee oa aeai?eoie ?ic?aooieo ai?iaaaeaeaii ia o??i?
“Macomest” (?anioae?ea E?aai, i. Aae?oo). Iaea?aeai? a ?iaio? oai?aoe/i?
oa i?aeoe/i? ?acoeueoaoe oaeiae iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? ia
i?aei?e?inoaao ? a onoaiiaao, ye? caeiathoueny ?ic?iaeith oa noai?aiiyi
NAII, ui aeei?enoiaothoueny ye aaoiiiii? aeaea?aea aeeaeaiiy.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a a io?eiaiiy iaoeiaeo ?acoeueoao?a, ye?
aeiinyoueny ia caoeno:

ooi/iaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue neio?iiiiai aaia?aoi?a iaai?oiaeaeo?e/iiai
caoaeaeaiiy a ianoaoe?iia?ieo ?aaeeiao;

aeai?eoi ?ic?aooieo iaai?oiiai iiey a ?iai/iio i?inoi?? neio?iiiiai
aaia?aoi?a iaai?oiaeaeo?e/iiai caoaeaeaiiy;

iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo aaiiao??? iiethniiai iaeiia/ieea neio?iiiiai
aaia?aoi?a oa aea?? iioeiaeueieo eiao?oe??io?a oaea?iino? neio?iiiiai
aaia?aoi?a i?e caoaeaeaii? a?ae iino?eieo iaai?o?a.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ? ?acoeueoaoe
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeenue ? iaaiai?thaaeenue ia aeaio
i?aeia?iaeieo eiioa?aioe?yo “Eioi?iaoeeiiiua oaoiieiaee: iaoea, oaoieea,
oaoiieiaey, ia?aciaaiea, caei?iauea (ii. Oa?e?a, I?oeieueoe, Iaaaeaao?a,
1995, 1996 ??.); ia iaoeiaeo nai?ia?ao IAI Oe?a?ie c eiiieaenieo i?iaeai
“Iaoeia? iniiae aeaeo?iaia?aaoeee”; ia iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo
i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai neeaaeo OAeIO a 1994-1999 ??.

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iioae?eiaai? a 9
?iaioao: 7 noaoae — o A?nieeo Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iie?oaoi?/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo; 2 oace aeiiia?aeae ia i?aeia?iaeieo eiioa?aioe?yo (ii.
Oa?e?a, I?oeieueoe, Iaaaeaao?a).

No?oeoo?a oa ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, 5
?icae?e?a oaenoo c aeniiaeaie ii eiaeiiio ?icae?eo, aeniiaeo, nieneo
e?oa?aoo?e ? o?ueio aeiaeaoe?a. Caaaeueiee ianya ?iaioe neeaaea? 246
noi??iie, o oiio /ene? 147 noi??iie iniiaiiai oaenoo, 6 oaaeeoeue ia 2
noi??ieao, 100 ?enoie?a ia 62 noi??ieao, nienie e?oa?aoo?e c 64
iaeiaioaaiue ia 6 noi??ieao ? 3 aeiaeaoee ia 29 noi??ieao.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? ia??oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie, ca’ycie ?iaioe c
iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie ? oaiaie, noi?ioeueiaaii iaoo ? caaea/?
?iaioe, aeeeaaeaii iaoeiao iiaecio, i?aeoe/io cia/ou?noue iaea?aeaieo
?acoeueoao?a.

Ia?oee ?icae?e i?enay/aiee aiae?co oa?aeoa?enoee aeaea?ae
aeaeo?iaeeaeaiiy aeey aaoiiiiieo aeaeo?ionoaiiaie. I?iaaaeaii ii??aiyiiy
aenieoaoaoe?eieo oa?aeoa?enoee a?aeiieo aeaeo?iiaoeiieo aeaea?ae
aeeaeaiiy c iaoith aecia/aiiy oeio aaia?aoi?a, ui a?aeiia?aea?
iinoaaeaiei aeiiaai. Aiae?c iieacaa, ui aeey onoaiiaie iaei? oa
na?aaeiuei? iiooaeiino? iaea?eueo ia?niaeoeaiei iiaea aooe canoinoaaiiy
aaceiioaeoieo iaai?oiaeaeo?e/ieo neio?iiieo aaia?aoi??a.

I?iaaaeaiee aiae?c iaai?oieo aeanoeainoae a?aeiiiai niaeo?a iaai?oieo
iaoa??ae?a iieacaa, ui aeey caaacia/aiiy aenieeo aia?aaoe/ieo oa
ianiaaaa?eoieo oa?aeoa?enoee aeaeo?e/ieo iaoei i?e a?aeiinii iaaaeee?e
?o aa?oino? ne?ae aeei?enoiaoaaoe iino?ei? iaai?oe (II) ia iniia?
??aee?niicaiaeueieo iaoae?a, i?e/iio ia?aaaao ne?ae a?aeaeaaaoe
aeei?enoaiith iaai?o?a eeano iaiaeei-cae?ci-ai?.

C o?aooaaiiyi niaoeeo?ee ?iaioe aaia?aoi??a iio??aii aeei?enoiaoaaoe
?aiiioii?eaeaoi? oaoiieia?/i? eiino?oeoe?? c iiethnieie iaeiia/ieeaie /e
aac ieo, aeey yeeo iiaeeeaa iiaia /e /anoeiaa ?icae?aiiy ?ioi?a c
i?i?iaeueieie aeo?aoaie eioo?a oa /ano. Iiae?ai? eiino?oeoe?? ?ic?iaeai?
ia eaoaae?? aeaeo?e/ieo iaoei OAeIO.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? ?icaeyaeathoueny ieoaiiy iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy
neio?iiieo aaia?aoi??a c iino?eieie iaai?oaie.

I?e neeaaeaii? iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? ?icaeyaea?oueny neio?iiiee o?eoaciee
aaia?aoi?, ?ioi? yeiai yaiiiiethniee c II ? aeaiia aeaiioa?ieie
aea?aaeaioieie eiioo?aie ii iicaeiaaei?e oa iiia?a/i?e inyi, ye?
oa?aeoa?ecothoue ae?th iiethnieo iaeiia/iee?a aai aethi?i??ai? caeeaee.

Iniiaith aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy ianoaoe?iia?ieo ?aaeei?a neio?iiieo iaoei
iacaeaaeii a?ae niiniao caoaeaeaiiy ? nenoaia ??aiyiue, yea caienaia a
eii?aeeiaoao ?ioi?a. Oae?e nenoai? ??aiyiue a?aeiia?aea? i?inoi?iaa
iiaeaeue ia?aoai?aiiai neio?iiiiai aaia?aoi?a c II, yeo iaaaaeaii ia
?en. 1.

O iaoaiaoe/i?e iiaeae? II yaey? niaith o?eoeaiee iaeiiaeoeiaee eiioo?,
i?e?aeiaiee aei aeaea?aea no?oio, aaee/eia yeiai caeeoa?oueny iaci?iiith
i?e an?o ?aaeeiao ?iaioe aaia?aoi?a. Ca oaeiai oyaeaiiy eiioo? II ia
caoaeaeo? A?N o?ainoi?iaoe?? a ?ioeo eiioo?ao ? no?oi a?ae A?N
aca?ii?iaeoeoe?? o oeueiio eiioo?? aei??aith? ioeth, ai aeaea?aei no?oio
ia? aaeeeee aioo??oi?e ii??. Inoaii? aea? iiaeeea?noue iaea?aeaoe
iacaeaaeia a?ae ?aooe ??aiyiue ??aiyiiy, yea aeicaiey? aecia/eoe
aaee/eio ?acoeueooth/iai iioieo ii iicaeiaaei?e in? aaia?aoi?a o
ia?ao?aeieo ?aaeeiao. Oiae? iiaia nenoaia aeeoa?aioe?eieo ??aiyiue NAII
o a?aeiinieo iaeeieoeyo iaoeia aeaeyae:

(1)

,

aea

(2)

(3)

— ?iaeoeoeaiee ii?? aea?aaeaioiiai eiioo?o II

— no?oi aea?aaeaioiiai eiioo?o II;

— neiaie aeeoa?aioe?thaaiiy;

S — a?ae’?iia eiacaiiy o ia?ao?aeieo ?aaeeiao.

A?aoiaoth/e oa, ui aaia?aoi? i?aoeth? c i?ea?aeiei aeaeaoiii noi??ii?
iiooaeiino?, iaiao?aeii caaeaoe oa?aeoa? ci?ie iiiaioo aeaeaoia a
ia?ao?aeieo ?aaeeiao oaeei /eiii, uia a?i ci?ithaaa na?e iiiaio ca
anyei? ci?ie aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiiaioo aaia?aoi?a. Aoa cai?iiiiiaaiee
oaeee caeii ci?ie iiiaioo i?ea?aeiiai aeaeaoia:

(4)

aeey eiaeiiai niieo/aiiy ia?aiao??a nenoaie ??aiyiue.

A iniiao ?ic?aooieo ia?aiao??a aaia?aoi?a iieeaaeai? noaie cai?uaiiy
iaai?oiiai eiea ii iicaeiaaei?e oa iiia?a/i?e inyi, a yeeo
aeaiio??oaaeueia ae?y iiethnieo iaeiia/iee?a a?aoiao?oueny aaaaeaiiyi
aei noai aea?aaeaioieo iaai?oieo oa aeaeo?e/ieo iii??a.

Iiaia ?iaeoeoeai?noue eiioo??a aaia?aoi?a aecia/aeanue ca oaeeie
ni?aa?aeiioaiiyie:

, (5)

— aoaeoeaia /enei aeoe?a i-ai eiioo?o;

— i?ia?aei?noue iaai?oiiio iioieo ?-ai eiioo?o.

Aca?ii? ?iaeoeoeaiino? i?ae eiioo?aie ?ic?aoiaoaaeenue ca
ni?aa?aeiioaiiyi

, (6)

— aca?iia i?ia?aei?noue i?ae a?eeaie j oa ?.

Aeey aecia/aiiy iaai?oieo oa aeaeo?e/ieo ia?aiao??a ianeaieo iiethnieo
iaeiia/iee?a aoea aeei?enoaia iaoiaeeea, a iniiao yei? iieeaaeaii
iiiyooy eiiieaeniiai iaai?oiiai iii?o.

Ca?aeii c oe??th iaoiaeeeith iaai?oiee ii?? iiethniiai iaeiia/ieea
aei??aith?:

, (7)

— aea?aaeaioia aeiaaeeia iaai?oiiai eiea a iai?yieo e?i?? aaeoi?a
iaai?oii? ?iaeoeoe??;

u — ia?eiao? iiia?a/iiai ia?a??co ae?eyiee iaai?oiiai eiea.

Aea?aaeaioiee aeoeaiee ii?? iaeiiaeoeiaiai aeaiioa?iiai eiioo?o
aei??aith?:

, (8)

.

O?ao?e ?icae?e i?enay/aiee aiae?co ?acoeueoao?a iaoaiaoe/iiai
iiaeaethaaiiy ianoaoe?iia?ieo ?aaeei?a ?iaioe NAII.

?icaeyiooi ?aaeei ?EC aaia?aoi?a ye iaea?eueo iaaacia/iee a
aenieoaoaoe?eieo oiiaao aeey aeaio eiino?oeoeaieo aeeiiaiue ?ioi?a c
i?eciaoe/ieie iaai?oaie — c iiethnieie iaeiia/ieeaie oa aac ieo. I?e
a?aenooiino? iiethnieo iaeiia/iee?a ci?ithaaieie ia?aiao?aie aoee
aeoeaiee ii?? iaiioee noaoi?a, neio?iiiee ?iaeoeoeaiee ii?? oa
aeaeo?iiaoai?/ia noaea /ano. O i?ioean? ??oaiiy aeine?aeaeoaaany aieea
oeeo ia?aiao??a ia aaee/eio iaeneiaeueieo aeeeae?a no?oio,
aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiiaioo oa eiao?oe??ioa oaea?iino? aeey noaei? oa
ci?iii? /anoioe iaa?oaiiy.

Oa?aeoa? ci?ie no?oio noaoi?a e aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiiaioo i?e noae?e oa
ci?ii?e /anoioao iaa?oaiiy i?aeii?yaeeiao?oueny iaei?e caeiiii??iino?,
aea iaeneiaeuei? aeeeaee i?e ci?ii?e /anoio? iaa?oaiiy ciaioothoueny,
i?e/iio oea ciaioaiiy oei a?eueoa, /ei iaioa aaee/eia aeoeaiiai iii?o
iaiioee noaoi?a. I?e cia/aiiyo r1 = 0,03(0,05 ciaioaiiy iaeneiaeueieo
no?oi?a nyaa? 10-15 %. Inoaii? iiynith?oueny cieaeaiiyi A?N iaiioee
noaoi?a (eiacaiiy ?ioi?a a ia?o? iiiaioe ?EC aeinyaa? 20 %) ?
ca?eueoaiiyi noaei? /ano aeaeo?e/iiai eiea noaoi?a.

Aieea ci?iii? /anoioe iaa?oaiiy a iaeano? iaeeo aeoeaieo ? neio?iiieo
iicaeiaaei?o ?iaeoeoeaieo iii??a ni?e/eith? ciaioaiiy eiao?oe??ioa
oaea?iino? (Eoae) ia 10-15 %, ui c o?aooaaiiyi aeniei? aa?oino?
iaai?oiioaa?aeeo iaoa??ae?a ia? a?aoeny aei oaaae i?e aecia/aii?
aaiiao??? aeoeaii? ciie ?ioi?a aaia?aoi?a.

?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei aeai?o Eoae, ye? iaaaaeai? a e?oa?aoo?? c
i?iaeooaaiiy NAII, iiaeai? aaca?aeiinii aei iiooaeiino? aaia?aoi?a.
I?iaaaeai? ?ic?aooiee aeicaieythoue ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe aeey aaia?aoi??a
iiooaei?noth aei 10 eAo eiao?oe??io oaea?iino? a iaaeao Eoae =1,1(1,15,
a aeey aaia?aoi??a a?eueoi? iiooaeiino? Eoae =1,2(1,25.

Aeey aoaeoeaiiai caoenoo iaai?oo a?ae ?iciaai?/oaaiiy iaiao?aeii, uia
noaea /ano aeaiioa?iiai eiioo?o ia?aaeuoaaea /an ci?ie ciai?oiueiai
iioieo. C oeueiai aeieeaa? aaaeeeaa caaea/a ?ic?aooieo aaiiao???
iiethnieo iaeiia/iee?a, oiaoi ?o aeaeo?e/ieo oa iaai?oieo ia?aiao??a,
ye? caaacia/othoue ii?iaeueio ?iaioo aaia?aoi?a a ia?ao?aeieo ?aaeeiao.

sse iieacaee ?ic?aooiee, nenoaia ??aiyiue iaei /ooeeaa aei ci?ie
ia?aiao??a aeaiioa?iiai eiioo?o ii iiia?a/i?e in?, oiio i?e ?ica’ycaii?
caaea/? ci?ithaaeenue eeoa ia?aiao?e iaiioee noaoi?a aeey aeaio inae oa
ia?aiao?e aeaiioa?iiai eiioo?o ii iicaeiaaei?e in?.

Ii??aiyiiy oa?aeoa?o ci?ie no?oio noaoi?a c aeiaaeeii a?aenooiino?
iiethnieo iaeiia/iee?a iieaco? ca?eueoaiiy iaeneiaeueieo aeeeae?a no?oio
ia 30-40 %, ui iiynith?oueny aeaiio??oaaeueiith ae??th eiioo??a
iiethnieo iaeiia/iee?a. Aeeeaee no?oio i?e ci?ii?e /anoio? iaa?oaiiy
ciaioothoueny ia 10-15 %. Aaee/eia iaeneiaeueieo aeeeae?a
aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiiaioo ca?eueoo?oueny a 1,5-2 ?ace, ui ni?e/eith?
??cea ciaioaiiy /anoioe iaa?oaiiy ia ia?oeo aoaiao ?EC (eiacaiiy ?ioi?a
aeinyaa? cia/aiiy 20-25 %), aea a iiaeaeueoiio oe? aeeeaee e eieeaaiiy
/anoioe iaa?oaiiy ciaioothoueny ? ?ioi? ieaaii aoiaeeoue aei neio?ii?cio
(?en. 2).

Aea?? i?aaeeueii? aaiiao??? iiethnieo iaeiia/iee?a aea? iiaeeea?noue
io?eiaoe oaeo ci?io iaai?oiiai iioieo a iicaeiaaei?e in?, ui eiai
i?i?iaeueia aaee/eia a i?ioean? ?EC ia iaioa cia/aiiy iioieo a ?aaeei?
noaeiai EC (?en. 3), ui caaacia/o? aaee/eio Eoae (1.

sse iieacothoue /eneaii? ?ic?aooiee, iaea?eueoee aieea ia Eoae iathoue
aeoeaiee oa ?iaeoeoeaiee iii?e eiioo?o iiethniiai iaeiia/ieea — ryd oa
oyd. Ca?eueoaiiy oeeo iii??a ni?e/eith? cieaeaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
aeaiio??oaaiiy, ?, eiee ryd > rydi (rydi — cia/aiiy iii?o, yea
caaacia/o? Eoae=1), aeaiio??oaaeuei? aeanoeaino? iiethniiai iaeiia/ieea
iia??oothoueny ? Eoae iaaeeaea?oueny aei cia/aiiy, ui a?aeiia?aea?
aaia?aoi?ai aac iiethnieo iaeiia/iee?a.

Iioeiaeueiee aea?? ryd oa oyd aeicaiey? iaea?aeaoe cia/aiiy Eoae, ui
iaaeeaea?oueny aei iaeeieoe?, i?e aoaeue-yeeo cia/aiiyo iicaeiaaeiuei?
?iaeoeoeaiino? aaia?aoi?a od aaca?aeiinii aei ??aiy ci?ie /anoioe
iaa?oaiiy ?ioi?a. Oae, i?e ci?i? ryd o iaaeao 0,05(0,07 i?e cia/aii? oyd
ia ??ai? 0,4(0,5 aaee/eia Eoae=1. C?inoaiiy ryd aeeeeea? ca?eueoaiiy
aieeao ia Eoae ci?iii? /anoioe iaa?oaiiy, aeey iaeeo cia/aiue oyd
a?aooaaiiy oeueiai aieeao cieaeo? Eoae ia aaee/eio aei 10 %.

?acoeueoaoe ?ic?aooie?a aeicaieeee iiaoaeoaaoe caeaaeiino? Eoae a?ae
ia?aiao??a aea?aaeaioiiai iicaeiaaeiueiai eiioo?o iiethniiai iaeiia/ieea
aeey caaeaiiai cia/aiiy iii?o aaia?aoi?a od. ?yae oaeeo oa?aeoa?enoee
iaaaaeaii ia ?en. 4. Aeei?enoiaoth/e iiae?ai? e?ea? oa oai??th
eiiieaeniiai iaai?oiiai iii?o, iiaeeeai aecia/eoe ia aoai? i?iaeooaaiiy
iniiai? ?ici??e iiethniiai iaeiia/ieea. Iiai?noth iaoiaeeeo ?ic?aooieo
aeeeaaeaii o aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio?.

*aoaa?oee ?icae?e i?enay/aiee ?ic?aooieo iaai?oieo iioie?a ?icn?thaaiiy
?ioi??a NAII.

Iaiao?aei?noue oaeiai ?ic?aooieo coiiaeaia oaeei: aaee/eia iioieo
?icn?thaaiiy i?e caaeaiiio iioieo iaai?oo aecia/a? ei?eniee iio?e;
aaee/eia eiao?oe??ioa ?icn?thaaiiy aieeaa? ia iano iaai?oiiai iaoa??aeo;
iioei?caoe?y iaai?oo ca eiai iaeneiaeueiith aia?a??th aai iaeneiaeueiith
iiooaei?noth aaia?aoi?a iiaeeeaa o?eueee oeyoii ?aaoethaaiiy iioie?a
?icn?thaaiiy.

?nioth/? iaoiaeeee ?ic?aooieo i?ia?aeiinoae ?icn?thaaiiy aacothoueny ia
oyaeaii? ni?iuaii? ea?oeie ?iciiae?eo iaai?oiiai iiey, oiio i?yia
?ica’ycaiiy caaea/? ?iciiae?eo iiey ia? nai? ia?aaaae.

Aeey aaia?aoi?a c aenieieia?oeeoeaieie II i?e aiae?oe/iiio ?ica’ycaii?
iiaeeeai ia?aeoe a?ae oeee?iae?e/ii? nenoaie eii?aeeiao aei i?yiieooii?,
ai aenioa iaai?oo aeey oeeo iaoa??ae?a iaaaeeea a ii??aiyii? c
?aae?aeueieie ?ici??aie iaoeie.

?ic?aooieiao iaeanoue iaoeie ? ?iciiae?e iaai?oiiai iioaioe?aeo ia
iaaeao oe??? iaeano? iaaaaeaii ia ?en. 5.

?ic?aooiie iiey aoa i?iaaaeaiee eiia?iiaaiei iaoiaeii: aeey iaeano?
iia?o?yiiai caci?o ifed a?aeooeo?oueny ooieoe?y ?iciiae?eo neaey?iiai
iaai?oiiai iioaioe?aeo, yea caaeiaieueiy? ??aiyiith Eaieana, a aeey
iaeano? i?aeiiethniiai i?inoi?o ocba ?iciiae?e neaey?iiai iaai?oiiai
iioaioe?aeo ciaoiaeeoueny oeyoii ?ica’ycaiiy aa??aoe?eii? caaea/?
iaoiaeii ??ooea.

A ?acoeueoao? ?ica’ycaiiy iaea?aeai? ae?ace aeey ?ic?aooieo eiao?oe??ioa
?icn?thaaiiy iaai?oii? nenoaie ?ioi?a.

Ei?eniee iaai?oiee iio?e (iaaea fa):

. (9)

Iaai?oiee iio?e ia iaae? nb:

. (10)

Iaai?oiee iio?e ia iaae? cd:

. (11)

Iiaiee iaai?oiee iio?e iaai?oo:

, (12)

— iio?e ?icn?thaaiiy c oi?oeaai? iiaa?oi? iaai?oo.

Eiao?oe??io ?icn?thaaiiy aei??aith?:

. (13)

Ca iaea?aeaieie ni?aa?aeiioaiiyie aoee aeeiiai? ?ic?aooiee eiao?oe??ioa
?icn?thaaiiy iaai?oo a ?aaeei? oieinoiai oiaeo aeey ??cieo
ni?aa?aeiioaiue aaiiao?e/ieo ?ici???a iaai?oii? nenoaie.

?acoeueoaoe ?ic?aooieo aeey iaeiiai c aa??aio?a iaaaaeaii ia ?en. 6.

O i`yoiio ?icae?e? ?icaeyioo? ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue NAII.

I?e aeaioiaeaii? iaeaoiiai c?acea aaia?aoi?a aoee aeei?enoai? iaai?oia
nenoaia, iaiioea noaoi?a oa eiino?oeoeai? aeaiaioe na??eiiai
aneio?iiiiai aeaeaoia (AE?112IA6O3), ui aeicaieeei cia/ii ciaioeoe
aa?o?noue c?acea.

Caaea/a i?iaeooaaiiy a oaeiio aeiaaeeo caiaeeeanue o?eueee aei
?ic?aooieo ?iaeoeoi?a c aeei?enoaiiyi iaai?o?a ia iniia?
oa?eo-no?iioe?th aac iiethnieo iaeiia/iee?a. Oea ia aeicaieeei a
iiaeaeueoiio iaea?aeaoe iioeiaeuei? oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/i? iieacieee, aea
aeicaieeei i?iaanoe ii??aiyiiy ?ic?aooieiaeo oa aeine?aeieo aeaieo.

Aoea i?iaaaeaia any iaiao?aeia noeoii?noue aenia?eiaio?a o noaeeo oa
ia?ao?aeieo ?aaeeiao. A?aeoeeaiiy aenia?eiaioaeueieo cia/aiue A?N a
?aaeei? oieinoiai oiaeo a?ae ?ic?aooieiaeo aoei ia ??ai? 5 %,
iii?iaeueii? iai?oae i?e aeoeaii-?iaeoeoeaiiio iaaaioaaeaii? — aei 10 %.
Ia?iaea inoeeeia?ai ?aioiaiai neiao?e/iiai ei?ioeiai caieeaiiy aeaea
cia/aiiy Eoae=1,2, ui ca?aa?oueny c aea?aiei i?e i?iaeooaaii?.

Aeecueeee ca?a aeine?aeieo ? ?ic?aooieiaeo aeaieo na?ae/eoue i?i
aeinoia??i?noue iaea?aeaieo o ?iaio? oai?aoe/ieo ? ?ic?aooieiaeo
?acoeueoao?a.

O aeiaeaoeao iaaaaeaii i?ia?aie ?ic?aooieo ?aaeeio ?EC ? eiao?oe??io?a
?icn?thaaiiy ?ioi?a aaia?aoi?a oa aeo ai?iaaaeaeaiiy.

AENIIAEE

1. Oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee NAII caeaaeaoue a?ae i?aaeeue-iiai
aeai?o ia`?io iino?eiiai iaai?oo oa aaiiao??? iiethnii? nenoaie
?iaeoeoi?a. Ia aoai? i?iaeooaaiiy aaia?aoi??a iathoue aooe caaeai? /?oe?
?aeiiaiaeaoe?? c o?aooaaiiyi oaeoi??a, ui aieeaathoue ia ?iai/?
aeanoeaino? aaia?aoi?a. Iaeiei c ieo ? eiao?oe??io oaea?iino?, yeee
aecia/a?oueny a ?aaeei? ?EC. ?aeiiaiaeaoe??, ye? ? a e?oa?aoo??,
aeathoue cia/aiiy oeueiai eiao?oe??ioa i?e iino?ei?e /anoio? iaa?oaiiy
?ioi?a aaca?aeiinii aei iiooaeiino? aaia?aoi?a.

Aeey aaia?aoi??a, ye? i?aoeththoue a?ae i?ea?aeiiai aeaeaoia noi??ii?
iiooaeiino?, ?ic?aooiie eiao?oe??ioa oaea?iino? ia? aooe aeeiiaiee c
o?aooaaiiyi ci?iii? /anoioe iaa?oaiiy, ui ia? i?noea i?e ianoaoe?iia?ieo
?aaeeiao.

Oey caaea/a ?ica’yco?oueny oeyoii anaa?/iiai aiae?co aieeao ia?aiao??a
aaia?aoi?a ia eiao?oe??io oaea?iino? ca aeiiiiiaith ocaaaeueiaii?
iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? c o?aooaaiiyi ia??aiii??iino? iaa?oaiiy oa
eiino?oeoeaiiai aeeiiaiiy ?ioi?a aaia?aoi?a.

I?iaaaeaiee aiae?c iieacaa, ui i?e i?aaeeueii aea?ai?e aaiiao???
iiethniiai iaeiia/ieea iiaeeeai iaea?aeaoe i?i?iaeueia cia/aiiy
eiao?oe??ioa oaea?iino? aaca?aeiinii aei /anoioe iaa?oaiiy oa aaee/eie
iicaeiaaeiuei? ?iaeoeoeaiino? aaia?aoi?a.

Iaea?aeaia ooi/iaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue NAII c o?aooaaiiyi
ia??aiii??iino? iaa?oaiiy oa eiino?oeoeaiiai aeeiiaiiy ?ioi?a, yea
aeicaiey? aeine?aeaeoaaoe ianoaoe?iia?i? ?aaeeie, ui iathoue i?noea a
aenieoaoaoe??. Cai?iiiiiaaiee caeii ci?ie iiiaioo i?ea?aeiiai aeaeaoia,
yeee caaacia/o? ca`ycie i?ae aeaeo?iiaai?oiei iiiaioii aaia?aoi?a a
noaeiio ?aaeei? oa ci?iiith /anoioith iaa?oaiiy ?ioi?a.

*eneiaee aiae?c ?aaeeio ?EC iieacaa, ui a?aooaaiiy ia??aiii??iino?
iaa?oaiiy ?ioi?a ? iaia’yceiaei, ai ciaioaiiy /anoioe iaa?oaiiy aea?
ciaioaiiy oaea?ieo no?oi?a aei 20 %, a eiao?oe??ioa oaea?iino? aei
10-15 %, ui aaciina?aaeiuei aieeaa? ia ia’?i iaai?oiiai iaoa??aeo oa
aa?o?noue aaia?aoi?a.

Iieacaii, ui i?aaeeueiee aea?? aaiiao??? iiethniiai iaeiia/ieea
aeicaiey? iaea?aeaoe iioeiaeueiee eiao?oe??io oaea?iino?, ui
iaaeeaea?oueny aei iaeeieoe?, aaca?aeiinii aei /anoioe iaa?oaiiy oa
aaee/eie iicaeiaaeiuei? ?iaeoeoeaiino? aaia?aoi?a.

?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo aaiiao??? iiethniiai iaeiia/ieea, yea
aeicaiey? iaea?aeaoe caaeaiee ??aaiue eiao?oe??ioa oaea?iino? c
aeei?enoaiiyi oai??? eiiieaeniiai iaai?oiiai iii?o.

Iaea?aeaiee aiae?oe/iee ?ica’ycie caaea/? ?iciiae?eo iaai?oiiai iiey a
aaia?aoi?? c aeei?enoaiiyi eiia?iiaaiiai iaoiaeo (iaoiae Oo?’? — iaoiae
??ooea).

?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue iaeaoiiai c?acea
aaia?aoi?a i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue aeinoia??i?noue ?ic?iaeaii? iaoiaeeee
?ic?aooieo NAII.

Nienie iioae?eiaaieo i?aoeue ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??

1. Ennai Oonnaei Oaoei. ?an/ao aaiiao?ee iiethniiai iaeiia/ieea
neio?iiiiai aaia?aoi?a iaaieoiyeaeo?e/aneiai aicaoaeaeaiey // Aanoi.
Oa?uee. ain. iieeoaoi. oi-oa.- 1999.- Aui. 32.- N. 7-11.

2. Ennai Oonnaei Oaoei. Auai? eiino?oeoeaiiai eniieiaiey e iaoa?eaea
iinoiyiiuo iaaieoia eiaeoeoi?ia aaoiiiiiuo neio?iiiuo aaia?aoi?ia //
Aanoi. Oa?uee. ain. iieeoaoi. oi-oa.- 1999.- Aui. 32.- N. 22-24.

3. Ennai Oonnaei Oaoei. Yenia?eiaioaeueiia enneaaeiaaiea iaeaoiiai
ia?acoea neio?iiiiai aaia?aoi?a n aicaoaeaeaieai io iinoiyiiuo iaaieoia
// Aanoi. Oa?uee. ain. iieeoaoi. oi-oa.- 1999.- Aui. 37.- N. 122-126.

4. Ennai Oonnaei Oaoei. Ii?aaeaeaiea ia?aiao?ia iaianuuaiiuo neio?iiiuo
aaia?aoi?ia n iaaieoiyeaeo?e/aneei aicaoaeaeaieai // Aanoi. Oa?uee. ain.
iieeoaoi. oi-oa.- 1999.- Aui. 59.- N. 55-57.

5. Eaaiaiei A.I., Ennai Oonnaei Oaoei. Iaoaiaoe/aneay iiaeaeue
neio?iiiiai aaia?aoi?a n aicaoaeaeaieai io iinoiyiiuo iaaieoia // Aanoi.
Oa?uee. ain. iieeoaoi. oi-oa.- 1999.- Aui. 46.- N. 68-69.

Aaoi?ii ?ic?iaeaia ooi/iaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue neio?iiiiai aaia?aoi?a
iaai?oiaeaeo?e/iiai caoaeaeaiiy.

6. Iiaeeia TH.Ae., Eaaiaiei A.I., Ennai Oonnaei Oaoei. ?an/ao iaaieoiiai
iiey a iaaeiiethniii i?ino?ainoaa neio?iiiiai aaia?aoi?a n
aicaoaeaeaieai io iinoiyiiuo iaaieoia // Aanoi. Oa?uee. ain. iieeoaoi.
oi-oa.- 1999.- Aui. 47.- N. 84-85.

Aaoi?o iaeaaeeoue iinoaiiaea caaea/? oa ?ic?iaea aeai?eoio ?ic?aooieo
iaai?oiiai iiey.

7. Eaaiaiei A.I., Ennai Oonnaei Oaoei. ?an/ao eiyooeoeeaioia oaea?iinoe
neio?iiiiai aaia?aoi?a iaaieoiyeaeo?e/aneiai aicaoaeaeaiey // Aanoi.
Oa?uee. ain. iieeoaoi. oi-oa.- 1999.- Aui. 55.- N. 90-91.

Aaoi?ii i?iaaaeai? /eneia? ?ic?aooiee eiao?oe??ioa oaea?iino?
neio?iiiiai aaia?aoi?a a ianoaoe?iia?ieo ?aaeeiao.

8. Eaaiaiei A.I., ?iaa/aa N.E., Aai?iaa A.A., Ennai Oonnaei Oaoei.
Iiaeaee?iaaiea ianoaoeeiia?iuo ?aaeeiia ?aaiou iaaieoiyeaeo?e/aneeo
neio?iiiuo aaia?aoi?ia // Eioi?iaoeeiiiua oaoiieiaee: iaoea, oaoieea,
oaoiieiaey, ia?aciaaiea, caei?iauea: Iaoa?eaeu iaaeaeoia?. iao/.-oaoi.
eiio., 19-21 ai?aey 1995 a.- Oa?ueeia, Ieoeieueoe: OAIO, IO, 1995.- *.
2.- N. 11.

Aaoi?o iaeaaeeoue iinoaiiaea caaea/? oa iaoaiaoe/ia ia??oiooaaiiy
iai?yieo aeine?aeaeaiue.

9. Eaaiaiei A.I., ?iaa/aa N.E., Inoaoaaneee I.A., Ieoiaa N.E., Ennai
Oonnaei Oaoei. Aeeyiea ia?aaiiia?iinoe a?auaiey ia eiyooeoeeaio
oaea?iinoe neio?iiiiai iaaieoiyeaeo?e/aneiai aaia?aoi?a //
Eioi?iaoeeiiiua oaoiieiaee: iaoea, oaoieea, oaoiieiaey, ia?aciaaiea,
caei?iauea: Iaoa?eaeu iaaeaeoia?. iao/.-oaoi. eiio., 30-31 iay 1996 a.-
Oa?ueeia, Ieoeieueoe, Iaaaeaao?a: OAIO, IO, IOO, 1996.- *. 1.- N. 78.

Aaoi?ii ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo eiao?oe??ioa oaea?iino?
neio?iiiiai aaia?aoi?a a ianoaoe?iia?ieo ?aaeeiao.

AIIOAOe??

?nnai Oonnaei Oao?i. Iiaeaethaaiiy oa aiae?c ia?ao?aeieo i?ioean?a o
iaai?oiaeaeo?e/ieo neio?iiieo aaia?aoi?ao aeey ciaioaiiy aeo?aoe
iaai?oiioaa?aeeo iaoa??ae?a.- ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.09.01 — aeaeo?e/i? iaoeie ? aia?aoe. Oa?e?anueeee
aea?aeaaiee iie?oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao, Oa?e?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia ieoaiiyi aeine?aeaeaiiy ia?ao?aeieo ?aaeei?a
neio?iiieo aaia?aoi??a c iino?eieie iaai?oaie (NAII), ye? iathoue i?noea
a oiiaao aenieoaoaoe??. ?ic?iaeaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue NAII aeicaiey? a
?aaeei? ?aioiaiai ei?ioeiai caieeaiiy ioe?ieoe aieea ia?aiao??a
aaia?aoi?a ia aaee/eio eiao?oe??ioa oaea?iino?, yeee aecia/a?
iani-aaaa?eoi? iieacieee oa aa?o?noue aaia?aoi?a. ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea
?ic?aooieo aaiiao??? iiethnieo iaeiia/iee?a aea? iiaeeea?noue ia aoai?
i?iaeooaaiiy io?eiaoe i?i?iaeueiee aai caaeaiee eiao?oe??io oaea?iino?.
Aiae?oe/ia ?ica’ycaiiy caaea/? ?iciiae?eo iaai?oiiai iiey a ?iai/iio
caci?? aaia?aoi?a aeicaiey? ioe?ieoe aaee/eio eiao?oe??ioa ?icn?thaaiiy
caeaaeii a?ae aaiiao??? iiethnii? nenoaie ?iaeoeoi?a.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: neio?iiiee aaia?aoi?, iino?ei? iaai?oe, ia?ao?aei?
?aaeeie, eiao?oe??io oaea?iino?, iaai?oia iiea, caiuaaeaeaiiy aeoeaieo
iaoa??ae?a.

Issam Hussayn Shahin. The modelling and analysis of transient processes
in magneto-electric synchronous generators for the decrease of
consumption of magneto-rigid materials.- Manuscript.

The dissertation on competition of a scientific degree of the candidate
of sciences on a speciality 05.09.01 — electrical machines and
apparatus. The Kharkov State Polytechnical University, Kharkov, 1999.

The dissertation is devoted to questions of research of transitive modes
of synchronous generators with constant magnets (SGCM), having a place
under operating conditions. The developed mathematical model SGCM,
allows in a mode of sudden short circuit to estimate influence of
parameters of the generator on size of factor blow, which is determined
by weight — dimensional parameters and cost of the generator. The
developed technique of account of geometry poles of tips enables on a
design stage to receive minimal or given factor blow. Analytical the
decision of a task of distribution of a magnetic field in a working
backlash of the generator allows to estimate size of factor of
dispersion depending on geometry pole of system inductor.

Key words: the synchronous generator, constant magnets, transitive
modes, factor blow, magnetic field, economies of active materials.

Ennai Oonnaei Oaoei. Iiaeaee?iaaiea e aiaeec ia?aoiaeiuo i?ioeannia a
iaaieoiyeaeo?e/aneeo neio?iiiuo aaia?aoi?ao aeey oiaiueoaiey ?anoiaea
iaaieoioaa?aeuo iaoa?eaeia.- ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.09.01 — yeaeo?e/aneea iaoeiu e aiia?aou.
Oa?ueeianeee ainoaea?noaaiiue iieeoaoie/aneee oieaa?neoao, Oa?ueeia,
1999.

Aeenna?oaoeeiiiay ?aaioa iinayuaia enneaaeiaaieth ia?aoiaeiuo i?ioeannia
neio?iiiuo aaia?aoi?ia iaaieoiyeaeo?e/aneiai aicaoaeaeaiey n
eniieueciaaieai iaoaiaoe/aneie iiaeaee, iino?iaiiie n i?eiaiaieai oai?ee
iaiauaiiie yeaeo?e/aneie iaoeiu. Oeaeueth enneaaeiaaiee yaeyaony ioeaiea
aaee/eiu eiyooeoeeaioa oaea?iinoe a ?aaeeia aiacaiiiai ei?ioeiai
caiueaiey (AEC) i?e ?aaioa aaoiiiiiiai neio?iiiiai aaia?aoi?a n
i?eaiaeiui aeaeaaoaeai niecia?eiie iiuiinoe. A nayce n eciaiaieai a
i?ioeanna AEC aaee/eiu iiiaioa i?eaiaeiiai aeaeaaoaey i?aaeeiaeai caeii
aai eciaiaiey, naycuaathuee yeaeo?iiaaieoiue iiiaio aaia?aoi?a a
onoaiiaeaoainy ?aaeeia n ia?aiaiiie /anoioie a?auaiey ?ioi?a.

Enneaaeiaaii aeeyiea ia?aiao?ia iaiioee noaoi?a e ia?aiao?ia aeaiioa?iie
nenoaiu (ianneaiuo iiethniuo iaeiia/ieeia) ia aaee/eio anieaneia oiea
iaiioee noaoi?a, noaiaiue aeaiioe?iaaiey i?iaeieueiiai iioiea iiethniuie
iaeiia/ieeaie, /oi e ii?aaeaeyao aaee/eio eiyooeoeeaioa oaea?iinoe.
*eneaiiue aiaeec iieacae, /oi o/ao ia?aaiiia?iinoe a?auaiey ?ioi?a
iaycaoaeai, oae eae oiaiueoaiea /anoiou a?auaiey i?eaiaeeo e nieaeaieth
oaea?iuo oieia, a cia/eo, eiyooeoeeaioia oaea?iinoe, /oi
iaiin?aaenoaaiii aeeyao ia iauai iaaieoiiai iaoa?eaea e noieiinoue
aaia?aoi?a. Iieacaii, /oi iaeaieueoaa aeeyiea ia aaee/eio eiyooeoeeaioa
oaea?iinoe ieacuaatho ia?aiao?u i?iaeieueiiai yeaeaaeaioiiai eiioo?a
iiethniiai iaeiia/ieea. Aeaiu ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii auai?o eiyooeoeeaioa
oaea?iinoe a caaeneiinoe io iiuiinoe neio?iiiiai aaia?aoi?a e
eiino?oeoeee aai iiethniie nenoaiu. ?an/aou iieacaee, /oi i?aaeeueiue
auai? aaiiao?ee iiethniiai iaeiia/ieea, ii?aaeaeythuee aai ia?aiao?u,
iicaieyao iieo/eoue eiyooeoeeaio oaea?iinoe, aeeceee e aaeeieoea,
aacioiineoaeueii e /anoioa a?auaiey e aaee/eia i?iaeieueiie
eiaeoeoeaiinoe aaia?aoi?a.

Eniieueciaaiea oai?ee eiiieaeniiai iaaieoiiai nii?ioeaeaiey e
?acoeueoaoia iiaeaee?iaaiey iicaieeei ?ac?aaioaoue iaoiaeeeo ?an/aoa
aaiiao?ee iiethniiai iaeiia/ieea, n iiiiuueth eioi?ie iaania/eaaaony
caaeaiiue o?iaaiue eiyooeoeeaioa oaea?iinoe.

Neaaeothuei oaeoi?ii, aeeythuei ia ?aai/ea naienoaa aaia?aoi?a
iaaieoiyeaeo?e/aneiai aicaoaeaeaiey, yaeyaony aaee/eia eiyooeoeeaioa
?annayiey iiethniie nenoaiu eiaeoeoi?a. Aeey ioeaiee yoiai eiyooeoeeaioa
auea ?anniio?aia caaea/a ?ani?aaeaeaiey iaaieoiiai iiey a ?aai/ai
i?ino?ainoaa aaia?aoi?a. Aiaeeoe/aneia ?aoaiea iaoiaeeeinue n
eniieueciaaieai eiiaeie?iaaiiiai iaoiaea: iaoiae Oo?uea — aeey o?aaiaiey
Eaieana i?e ?an/aoa iiey a ?aai/ai caci?a e iaoiae ?eooea — i?e ?an/aoa
iiey a iaaeaeoiiethniii i?ino?ainoaa. Iieo/aiiua aiaeeoe/aneea
au?aaeaiey aeey ?aai/aai iaaieoiiai iioiea e iioieia ?annayiey
iicaieytho ii ?ac?aaioaiiiio aeai?eoio eaaei ioeaieoue aaee/eio
eiyooeoeeaioa ?annayiey aeey ni?iaeoe?iaaiiie iaaieoiie nenoaiu e, a
neo/aa iaiaoiaeeiinoe, aaanoe niioaaonoaothuea ei??aeoeau ia yoaia
i?iaeoe?iaaiey.

Oi/iay ioeaiea aaee/ei eiyooeoeeaioia oaea?iinoe e ?annayiey ia yoaia
i?iaeoe?iaaiey eiaao aaaeiia cia/aiea, oae eae io yoeo aaee/ei caaeneo
iauai iaaieoiiai iaoa?eaea, a cia/eo, aan e noieiinoue aaia?aoi?a.

?acoeueoaou yenia?eiaioaeueiuo enneaaeiaaiee iaeaoiiai ia?acoea
neio?iiiiai aaia?aoi?a iiaeoaa?aeaeatho aeinoiaa?iinoue ?ac?aaioaiiie
iaoiaeeee neio?iiiuo aaia?aoi?ia n aicaoaeaeaieai io iinoiyiiuo
iaaieoia.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: neio?iiiue aaia?aoi?, iinoiyiiua iaaieou, ia?aoiaeiua
?aaeeiu, eiyooeoeeaio oaea?iinoe, iaaieoiia iiea, yeiiiiey aeoeaiuo
iaoa?eaeia.

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