OA?E?ANUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE IIE?OAOI?*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

I?eoiaeueei Ieueaa TH???aia

OAeE. 621.9.06

IIAeAETHAAIIss AOAEOEAIEO EIIIIIIAI*IEO ??OAIUe

I?E AEAI?? NO?OEOO?E OA IA?AIAO??A AA?AAAOIEO AA?NOAO?A NA?AAeIUeIAI
?ICI??O

Niaoe?aeuei?noue: 05.03.01-i?ioeane iaoai?/ii? ia?iaee, aa?noaoe oa
?ino?oiaioe.

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe.

Oa?e?a-1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? oaoiieia?? iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy oa
iaoaei??caeueieo aa?noao?a Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iie?oaoi?/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Oeiio??a TH??e .A?eoi?iae/.,

Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iie?oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?ith oaoiieia?? iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy oa iaoaei??caeueieo
aa?noao?a.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,

Iiaoiae/ Ieaenaiae? sseiae/,

Oa?e?anueeee iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee ?inoeooo oaoiieia?? iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy,

aieiaiee ?iaeaia?.

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Iaeueie/aiei Ieaenaiae? Aiaoie?eiae/,

Oe?a?inueea ?iaeaia?ii-iaaeaaia?/ia aeaaeai?y (i.Oa?e?a),.

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?ith iaoaei??caeueieo aa?noao?a oa oai??? ??caiiy
iaoae?a

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: ?inoeooo iaoei ? nenoai IAI ?

I?iiaoi?iio Oe?a?ie (i.Oa?e?a).

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “___4__” aa?aciy 1999 ?. i 14 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 64.050.12 o Oa?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio
iie?oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith: 310002, i.Oa?e?a-2, aoe.
O?oica, 21.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iie?oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “__30__ “ n?/iy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
Ocoiyi I.Ae.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE.

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Iaiao?aei?noue i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy ia?ic?eaii iia’ycaia c ?icaeoeii oa aaeineiiaeaiiyi
i?eioeeio aa?aaaooaaiiy i?e noai?aii? oaoiieia?/ieo nenoai ia?iaee
??caiiyi. I?aeaeuaiiy iieaciee?a yeino?, cieaeaiiy iaoaei?iiino?,
ciaioaiiy caeiaieo ieiu oa iie?ioaiiy aeayeeo ?ioeo iieaciee?a
aa?aaaoieo aa?noao?a (AA), ui caeaaeaoue a?ae no?oeoo?e oa ia?aiao??a
oeueiai iaeaaeiaiiy, aecia/a?oueny ??aiai ??oaiiy caaea/? ni?yiiaaiiai
iiooeo eaaceiioeiaeueieo eiiiiiiai/ieo ??oaiue. Iniaeea?noth
aa?aaaoiaaiiai iaeaaeiaiiy, aiane?aeie eiai oi?eaeueiino?, ?
a?aenooi?noue aoaio aeaioiaeaiiy oa aei?iaoaaiiy aeine?aeiiai c?acea
aeey ia?aa??ee i?eeiyoeo eiiiiiiai/ieo ??oaiue. O oie aea /an eiaei?e
aeaoae? ,ui ia?iaeth?oueny, a?aeiia?aea? iiiaeeia iiaeeeaeo aa??aio?a
eiiiiiiaee, noeoii?noue ??ciiiai?oieo ia?aiao??a, ui caeaaeaoue a?ae
aeaoae?, a?ae no?oeoo?e oaoi?ioeano. O iei?oi?e /an iac??ea
iaiao?aei?noue ia ooiaeaiaio? ocaaaeueiaiiy aeina?aeo i?iaeooaaiiy,
ae?iaieoeoaa oa aenieoaoaoe?? aa?aaaoiaaiiai iaeaaeiaiiy (AI) ?ic?iaeoe
i?eioeeie iioei?caoe?? eiiiiiiaie AA, oi?aae?iiy ?oiueith no?oeoo?ith,
ia?aiao?aie oa iniiaieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie ca?aeii c oe?eueiaeie
ooieoe?yie oa aeiiaaie noai?aiiy eiieo?aioini?iiiaeii? i?iaeoeoe??.

Aeine?aee iia’ycai? c oaiaoeeith eaoaae?e «Oaoiieia?y iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy
oa iaoaei??caeuei? aa?noaoe» Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iie?oaoi?/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo (OAeIO) ca?aeii Eiiieaeniei oe?eueiaei iaoeiai-oaoi?/iei
i?ia?aiai Oe?a?ie ( EOeIOI-14 oa EOeIOI-22).

Iaoa ?iaioe – i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? aa?aaaoieo aa?noao?a
na?aaeiueiai ?ici??o, iie?ioaiiy ?oiuei? no?oeoo?e oa ia?aiao??a, ui
aecia/a?oueny i?aeaeuaiiyi oi/iino?, eiiieaeniino? ia?iaee, aei?noeino?
oaoiieia?/ieo nenoai, cieaeaiiyi iaoaei?iiino? i?e io?eiaii?
eiiiiiiai/ieo ??oaiue o i?ioean? i?iaeooaaiiy oa, a cia/i?e i???,
aeaioiaeaiiy.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe iaiao?aeii ae??oeoe ianooii? iaoeia?
caaea/?:

— aeai?eoi?caoe?? i?ioeano ?ic?iaee eiiiiiiaee niaoe?aeueiiai
aa?aaaoiiai aa?noaoo na?aaeiueiai ?ici??o ?c anoaiiaeaiiyi nenoaie
e?eoa???a ioe?iee aa??aio?a;

— ae?iaeaiiy oa ooi/iaiiy iieiaeaiue oa oa?i?i?a eiiiiiaoeee
iaoaei??caeueiiai iaeaaeiaiiy a?aeiinii eiiiiiiaee aa?aaaoiiai aa?noaoo
na?aaeiueiai ?ici??o;

— noaoenoe/iiai aiae?co oa?aeoa?enoee no?oeoo?e oa ia?aiao??a
eiiiiiiai/ieo ??oaiue i?e i?iaeooaaii? aa?aaaoieo aa?noao?a na?aaeiueiai
?ici??o;

— ?ic?iaeaiiy iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? eiiiiiiai/iiai ??oaiiy aa?aaaoiiai
aa?noaoo na?aaeiueiai ?ici??o c a?aooaaiiyi iniaeeainoae oa iaiaaeaiue
uiaei oaoiieia?? ia?iaee ia ieo, eiino?oeoe??, oaoiieia?? aeaioiaeaiiy
oa aenieoaoaoe??;

— ?ic?iaeaiiy iaoiaeeee ioe?iee aa??aio?a eiino?oeoi?nueeeo eiiiiiiaie
AA na?aaeiueiai ?ici??o c iiaeeea?noth aeai?o iaee?auiai;

— i?aeoe/ii? ?aae?caoe?? ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy oa ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e
i?e i?iaeooaaii? oa aeaioiaeaii? AA na?aaeiueiai ?ici??o.

Caaaeueia iaoiaeeea aeine?aeaeaiue. Aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiiai? ia iniia?
no/anieo i?eioeei?a i?iaeooaaiiy, nenoaiiiai aiae?co oaoiieia?/ieo oa
eiino?oeoi?nueeeo iniaeeainoae AA na?aaeiueiai ?ici??o, aiae?co
e?eoa???a i?eeiyooy eiiiiiiai/ieo ??oaiue c aeei?enoaiiyi iniiaieo
iieiaeaiue oaoiieia?? iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy, oai??? a?ao?a, iaoaiaoe/ii?
eia?ee, oai??? iiiaeei. O oiae? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeyaeai? oa
nenoaiaoeciaai? i?eioeeie oi?ioaaiiy iiiaeeie aa??aio?a oaoiieia?/ieo oa
eiino?oeoi?nueeeo eiiiiiiaie AA, oi?iae?ciaai? aeaye? i?ioeaaeo?e
i?iaeooaaiiy iiaiai aa?noaoo oa e?eoa??? iioei?caoe?? eiiiiiiai/ieo
??oaiue. Oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy ?iaioe iiaoaeiaai? ia ae?iaeaii? oa
ooi/iaii? iieiaeaiue oa oa?i?i?a eiiiiiaoeee iaoaei??caeueiiai
iaeaaeiaiiy noiniaii aei eiiiiiiaie aa?aaaoieo aa?noao?a na?aaeiueiai
?ici??o .

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a oiio, ui ia iniia?
no?oeoo?ecaoe?? i?ioeano io?eiaiiy eiiiiiiai/iiai ??oaiiy i?e
i?iaeooaaii? oi?eaeueieo aaaaoiiiceoe?eieo aa?aaaoieo oaoiieia?/ieo
nenoai iaoaeiia?iaee ??caiiyi, anoaiiaeaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueieo oa
noaoenoe/ieo aca?iica’yce?a ia?aiao??a oa oa?aeoa?enoee no?oeoo?
eiiiiiiaie, ae?iaeaiiy e?eoa???a ?aiaeoaaiiy aeey io?eiaiiy aa??aio?a
eiiiiiiai/iiai ??oaiiy aia?oa ?ic?iaeaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue eiiiiiiaee
aaaaoiiiceoe?eieo AA na?aaeiueiai ?ici??o, iiaeaethaaiiy ia iniia? yei?
aeicaiey? aea?aoe oaoiieia?/ii oa aeiiii?/ii iaa?oioiaai? aa??aioe
eiino?oeoi?nueeeo eiiiiiiaie (EE) oeeo aa?noao?a oa aecia/eoe iaae?
iiaeeeaeo a?aenooi?a a?ae iioeiaeueiiai aa??aioo. Aeey caaacia/aiiy
oeueiai aaoi?ii ?ic?iaeai? oa caoeuathoueny ianooii? iaoeia? iieiaeaiiy:

· i?i no?oeoo?io ?aei?noue an?o aoai?a iaea?aeaiiy eiiiiiiai/iiai
??oaiiy i?e i?iaeooaaii? aaaaoiiiceoe?eieo aa?aaaoieo aa?noao?a
na?aaeiueiai ?ici??o oa i?i iayai?noue ?iaa??aioii? /anoeie ia?aiao??a,
oa?aeoa?enoee oa e?eoa???a, ca cia/aiiyi yeeo iiaeeeaa ioe?iea aa??aio?a
??oaiue ia ??ciiiai?oieo aoaiao ?ic?iaeaiiy eiiiiiiaee;

· i?i iiaeeea?noue ?ic?iaeaiiy ia iniia? ?iaa??aioii? /anoeie
ia?aiao??a, oa?aeoa?enoee oa e?eoa???a iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? eiiiiiiaee
aaaaoiiiceoe?eieo AA na?aaeiueiai ?ici??o oa naia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue;

· i?i iiaeeea?noue i?iaiicoaaiiy iaee?auiai eiiiiiiai/iiai ??oaiiy i?e
ni?yiiaaiiio aeai?? ia?aiao??a oa oa?aeoa?enoee no?oeoo?e ia eiaeiiio
aoai? i?eeiyooy eiiiiiiai/iiai ??oaiiy;

· i?i iiaeeea?noue i?aeaeuaiiy aei?noeino? oa, ioaea, oi/iino? ia?iaee
ia aaaaoiiiceoe?eieo aa?aaaoieo aa?noaoao na?aaeiueiai ?ici??o oeyoii
ni?yiiaaiiai iiooeo aa??aio?a eiiiiiiai/iiai ??oaiiy.

Aaoi? caoeua? ianooii? oai?aoe/i? oa i?eeeaaei? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe:

· iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue eiiiiiiaee niaoe?aeueieo aaaaoiiiceoe?eieo
aa?aaaoieo aa?noao?a na?aaeiueiai ?ici??o;

· iaoiaeeeo iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy eiiiiiiaie AA na?aaeiueiai
?ici??o oa ?aiaeoaaiiy aa??aio?a;

· eiiieaen ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai, aeai?eoi?/iiai oa i?ia?aiiiai caaacia/aiiy
i?aenenoaie NAI? eiino?oeoi?nueeeo eiiiiiiaie AA.

I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue ?iaioe iieyaa? a ?ic?iaeaii? i?eeii?a, aeai?eoi?a
oa i?ia?aiiiai caaacia/aiiy i?iaeooaaiiy oa oaoiieia?? aeaioiaeaiiy
eiiiiiiaie oa eiino?oeoe?e nenoai aaaaoiiiceoe?eieo AA na?aaeiueiai
?ici??o, ui iathoue a?eueo aenie? oaoiieia?/i? iiaeeeaino?, iie?ioai?
oa?aeoa?enoeee aei?noeino? oa oi/iino? ia?iaee, ui aeeth/a? aei naaa:

· iaoiaeeeo i?eeiyooy eiiiiiiai/iiai ??oaiiy i?e i?iaeooaaii?
aaaaoiiiceoe?eiiai AA na?aaeiueiai ?ici??o o caeaaeiino? a?ae aeiia
caaaeaiiy ia i?iaeooaaiiy;

· iaoiaeeeo i?iaeooaaiiy aaaaoiiiceoe?eiiai aa?aaaoiiai aa?noaoo, ui ia?
oeaio?ieieiiio eiiiiiiaeo;

· i?eioeeie i?eeiyooy eiino?oeoi?nueeiai ??oaiiy noiooieeiaiai aa??aioo
o?ainii?oii? nenoaie aaaaoiiiceoe?eieo AA na?aaeiueiai ?ici??o c
i?aeaeuaiith oi/i?noth ia?iaee.

?aae?caoe?y ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ?iaioe
aeei?enoiaothoueny ia i?aeoeoe? o i?ioean? i?iaeooaaiiy oa ae?iaieoeoaa
AA Oa?e?anueeei ae?iaie/ei ia’?aeiaiiyi ii aeioneo aa?aaaoieo aa?noao?a
(OAI AA). Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy icia/aieo ii?aoethaaiue o i?aeoeeo i?iaeooaaiiy
oa, o cia/i?e i???, aeaioiaeaiiy aaaaoiiiceoe?eieo AA na?aaeiueiai
?ici??o aeicaieeei io?eiaoe noia?iee ??/iee aeiiii?/iee aoaeo 2.5 iei.
ea?aiaaioe?a o oe?iao 1992 ?ieo ca ?aooiie:

— iioe?aiiy oaoiieia?/ieo iiaeeeainoae aa?noao?a, ui aeyaey?oueny o
i?aeaeuaii? ??aiy eiioeaio?aoe?? oaoiieia?/ieo iia?aoe?e ia eiaeiiio
iaeeie/iiio aa?noao? oa, ye iane?aeie, o a?aenooiino? iio?aae
i?iaeooaaiiy aeae?eueeio aa?aaaoieo aa?noao?a aeey iiaii? ia?iaee
iaei??? oa o??? ae o?oaeii?noei? o aeaioiaeaii? aeaoae? (o i?ioya ?ieo
oaeeo aeiaaee?a 8-13);

— i?aeaeuaiiy oi/iino? ia?iaee ia aaaaoiiiceoe?eieo AA na?aaeiueiai
?ici??o, ui oaeiae i?aeaeuo? eiiieaeni?noue ia?iaee oa aeicaiey?
caaacia/oaaoe aeaioiaeaiiy iaaeoi oi/ieo aeaoaeae aac ia?a?eaaiiy
oaoiieia?/iiai oeeeeo, ui cieaeo? o?oaeii?noe?noue aeaioiaeaiiy oeeo
aeaoaeae (oaeeo aeiaaee?a iiiaae 24 ca ??e).

Oai?aoe/i? oa iaoiaee/i? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe aeei?enoiaothoueny o
iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? ia eaoaae?? «Oaoiieia?y iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy oa
iaoaei??caeuei? aa?noaoe» OAeIO i?e iaa/aii? nooaeaio?a niaoe?aeueiinoae
7.090202 oa 7.090203.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy oa ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii?
?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeeny oa iaaiai?thaaeeny ia nai?ia?ao eaoaae?e
oaoiieia?? iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy oa iaoaei??caeueieo aa?noao?a OAeIO o
1995-1998?; ia oaoi?/ieo ?aaeao NEA AA oa Oa?e?anueeiai caaiaeo
aa?aaaoieo aa?noao?a; ia iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo: i?aeia?iaei?e
iaoeiai-iaoiaee/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Aaoiiaoecaoe?y eiino?othaaiiy ae?ia?a
oa i?iaeooaaiiy oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a o iaoeiiaoaeoaaii?” (15-19
aa?aniy 1995 ?., i.Noie); i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe??
“?ioi?iaoe?ei? oaoiieia??: iaoea, oaoi?ea, oaoiieia?y, ina?oa,
caei?ia’y” (12-14 o?aaiy 1997 ?., i.Oa?e?a); i?aeia?iaei?e oaoi?/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? “Iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy oa oaoiinoa?a ia ?oaaae? OOI noi??//y”
(8-11 aa?aniy 1998?., i.Naaanoiiieue).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ii iaoa??aeai aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 6 ae?oeiaaieo
?ia?o.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, i’yoe
?icae?e?a, i?aenoieo, nieneo e?oa?aoo?e, ui aeei?enoiaoaaeany ( 147
aeaea?ae), ? aeiaeaoe?a. Caaaeueiee ianya ?iaioe 219 noi?., a oiio
/ene?: 59 ?enoie?a, 13 oaaeeoeue ? 12 aeiaeaoe?a ia 78 noi??ieao.
Iniiaia /anoeia ?iaioe i?noeoue 141 noi??ieo iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE.

?icaeyiooee noai ieoaiiy, iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue oaie,
aecia/a?oueny iaoa ? iniiai? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy, ?icaeyaeathoueny
iniiai? iieiaeaiiy oa aecia/aiiy eiiiiiaoeee iaoaei??caeueieo aa?noao?a
(IA); iniaeeaino? eiiiiiiaie ??ciiiai?oieo a?oi iaoaei??caeueiiai
iaeaaeiaiiy; oa?aeoa?enoeee oa ia?aiao?e AA, ui aecia/athoueny ?o
eiiiiiiaeith, a oaeiae ia?aaaae oa iaaeie?ee ??ciiiai?oieo
eiiiiiiai/ieo ??oaiue i?e i?iaeooaaii? IA.

I?e noai?aii? niaoe?aeueieo aa?aaaoieo aa?noao?a ?nio? aioo??oi?
i?ioe??//y i?ae aenieei nooiaiai oi?o?eaoe?? aeaiaioii? aace oa
aaeeeith ??ciiiai?oi?noth eiiiiiiai/ieo ?aae?caoe?e, ui ii?iaeaeo?oueny
aaaaoiia?aci?noth aaiiao?e/ieo oi?i aeaoaeae oa iiaeeea?noth
aeei?enoaiiy i?e i?iaeooaaii? aoaeue-yeeo cania?a eiioeaio?aoe?? oa
aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? iia?aoe?e.

I?eioeeiiaith ?ica?aei?noth o i?aeoiaeao aei eiiiiiaoeee niaoe?aeueieo
aa?aaaoieo aa?noao?a oa aa?noao?a oi?aa?naeueieo (oiea?ieo, o?aca?ieo oa
o.?.) ? oa, ui inoaii? aoaeothoueny aai ia ?aae?caoe?? eiie?aoieo ?oo?a
oi?iiooai?aiiy, aai ia o?aaeeoe?yo i?iaeooaaiiy, a oie /an, ye aa?aaaoi?
aa?noaoe noai?ththoueny aeey ?aae?caoe?? iaai?o oaoiieia?/ieo iia?aoe?e.

Ieoaiiy aeai?o ?aoe?iiaeueii? eiiiiiiaee niaoe?aeueiiai iaeaaeiaiiy o
no/anieo oiiaao iaea?eueo aaaeeea?, ai, ii-ia?oa, aecia/athoue iniiai?
niiaeea/? oa aenieoaoaoe?ei? oa?aeoa?enoeee; ii-ae?oaa, aeicaieythoue
ea?oaaoe o?oaeii?noe?noth aeaioiaeaiiy aa?aaaoieo aa?noao?a, ??aiai
iaoaei?iiino?, aia?aiica?i?iino? oa o.?. Aeey aa?aaaoieo aa?noao?a
oa?aeoa?ii nooo?aa i?aeaeuaiiy ieoiii? iaoaei?iiino? oa
aia?aiica?i?iino? i?e iaaenie?e oi/iino? ia?iaee.

Oaeei /eiii, aecia/a?oueny iaoa aeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy oa caaea/? aeey
?? aeinyaiaiiy.

Caaea/a aeai?o aa??aioo aca?iiiai ?icoaooaaiiy ie?aieo aoce?a aa?noaoo
? aaaaoiaa??aioiith, aaaaoioaeoi?iith caaea/ath, ui o?niei /eiii
iia’ycaia c neioacii noaie ia?iaee aeaoae? (oaoiieia?/iith eiiiiiiaeith
).

?ic?iaeith ieoaiue eiiiiiaoeee iaoaei??caeueiiai iaeaaeiaiiy;
aecia/aiiyi oaoiieia?/ieo iniia oa i?eioeei?a eiino?othaaiiy AI;
?icaeoeii naiiai i?eioeeio aa?aaaooaaiiy oa i?aeoe/iei canoinoaaiiyi
eiai iniia caeiaeeny aaaaoi aeaeaoieo a/aieo: I.?.Aaa?ueyiia,
TH.Ae.A?aaia, I.I.Ai?iie/aa, O.Aaaaeue, A.?.Aeauaiei,
Ae.ss.?eue?inueeee, TH.I.Eociaoeia, E.A.Ia?aaoaeia, TH.A.Oeiio??a,
A.A.Oaoiyi oa ?i. Aiae?c aeeiiaieo aeine?aeaeaiue iieacaa, ui o
iaeiaio?e i??? aeine?aeaeai? i?eioeeie ?ic?iaee ?aoe?iiaeueieo EE
oi?eaeueiiai (ui ia ia? iiaieo aiaeia?a) aa?aaaoiaaiiai
iaoaei??caeueiiai iaeaaeiaiiy.

Eiino?oeoi?nueea eiiiiiiaea AA, ui aecia/a?oueny neeaaeii
ooieoe?iiaeueieo aeaiaio?a oa ?o i?inoi?iaei niieo/aiiyi, caeaaeeoue
a?ae oaoiieia?/ii? eiiiiiiaee (OE), ui aecia/a?oueny neeaaeii
oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aoiae?a oa ?o /aniaei noi?uaiiyi.

Iiiaeeia aa??aio?a OE oa EE aa?aaaoieo aa?noao?a iiaeaia o aeaeyae?
ca?aeiiai a?aoa (?en. 1). Eaieaie a?aoo aa??aio?a OE (e?aa
/anoeia) ? iaai? aeanoeaino? oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano: Y — aeae ia?iaee;
A — i?aai?caoe?y caaaioaaeoaaiiy oa ceiio aeaoae?; *o — e?euee?noue
onoaiia?a; *i — e?euee?noue iiceoe?e ia?iaee; *na — e?euee?noue neeiaeo
aa?aaao?a; *o — e?euee?noue oieiaeae?a. Ia?aiao?e EE (i?aaa /anoeia), ui
oa?aeoa?ecothoue eiino?oeoeai? ??oaiiy: *s — e?euee?noue a?oi iiaea/?;
*v — e?euee?noue a?oi aieiaiiai ?ooo; O ? N — a?aeiia?aeii, e?ieiaa
ia?ai?uaiiy oa noaoe?iia?ia iieiaeaiiy aeaoae?; A, A, I,I — aeaee
e?ieiaiai ia?ai?uaiiy; H, V — iieiaeaiiy o?a?eoi??? o i?inoi??; O, S —
iai?aaeaiiy iiaea/?.

I?e oaeiio i?aaenoaaeaii? iiiaeeia iniiaieo aa??aio?a oi?io?oueny oeyoii
ia?aae?aiiy cia/aiue, ui aecia/athoue eiiiiiiaeo ia?aiao??a, c
a?aooaaiiyi ca’yce?a iii?ae ieie.

Ia?aeii?noue /aniaeo iieaciee?a iia’ycaia c i?aaiaiiyi i?e i?iaeooaaii?
AA caaacia/eoe iaeneiaeueio i?iaeoeoeai?noue ia?iaee (i?i?ioi /ano
aeaioiaeaiiy), iioeiaeuei?

aeeoa?aioe?aoe?th oa eiioeaio?aoe?th oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aoiae?a.
Eiino?oeoi?nueea eiiiiiiaea yaey? niaith inoaii?e aoai ?ic?iaee
i?iaeoii? aeieoiaioaoe?? ia aa?noao (oaoi?/ii? i?iiiceoe??) ?
a?aeoai?th?oueny i?e o?aaeeoe?eiiio i?iaeooaaii? aa?enoe/ii, a ??
ye?noue caeaaeeoue a?ae eaae?o?eaoe?? i?iaeooaaeueieea, ai i?e aeeiiaii?
oeueiai caaa?oaeueiiai aoaio i?iaeooaaiiy ae??oothoueny caaaeii
iaeiiaa??aioi? eiino?oeoi?nuee? caaea/?, a ?acoeueoaoe ae?ae neeaaeii
ioe?ieoe yeeiinue ia’?eoeaiei e?eoa???i yeino?.

Aeey oi?iaeueiiai iieno no?oeoo?ii? iiaeae? AA iiaea aooe aeei?enoaia
no?oeoo?ia oi?ioea aai ?ioi?iaoe?eiee eiae. Iaeaaeeoue aecia/eoe, ui
?nioth/? caniae iicia/aiiy (eiaeoaaiiy) aa?aaaoiaaiiai iaeaaeiaiiy ia
ianooue iaiao?aeii? ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i eiai no?oeoo?o. A?aoiaoth/e oa, ui
aa?aaaoiee aa?noao, ye oaoiieia?/ia nenoaia, ia? ???a?o?/io no?oeoo?o,
?ioi?iaoe?eiee eiae eiiiiiiaee aa?aaaoiiai aa?noaoo iiaeiai
caaeiaieueiyoe ianooiiei aeiiaai: 1) iaeiicia/ii oa iiaii iienoaaoe
neioaciaaio eiiiiiiaeo aa?noaoo o a?aeiia?aeiino? c a?aoii eiai
no?oeoo?e; 2) iaoe aei/io no?oeoo?o oa ??ciiiai?oi? ??ai? aeaoae?caoe??
ia eiaeiiio aoai? i?iaeooaaiiy aa?noaoo; 3) i?e ??ci?e i???
eiie?aoecaoe?? ia?aiao??a ia eiaeiiio aoai? i?iaeooaaiiy aeicaieyoe ii
iiaeeeaino? aac caeo/aiiy aeiaeaoeiai? ?ioi?iaoe?? i?iaiaeeoe ioe?ieo
i?iaeoieo ??oaiue.

Aeey aiae?co eiiiiiiaie aaaaoiiia?aoe?eieo aa?noao?a cai?iaaaeaeaii
iiiyooy ?iai/iai iiey eiiiiiiaee, ui aecia/a?oueny, ye iaeanoue
i?inoi?o, o iaaeao yei? a?aeaoaa?oueny oi?iiooai?aiiy iiaa?oiiue oa
iaaaioaaeaiiy aa?noaoo neeaie ??caiiy. A iaaieo iaaeao ?iai/a iiea
aaaaoiiia?aoe?eiiai aa?noaoo aacia?a?aii, oiae? ye i?e ia?iaoe? ia AA
?ai?oa a?aeii? oa a?aoiaothoueny ?icoaooaaiiy iiaa?oiiue, ui
ia?iaeythoueny, oa ?iai/a iiea eiiiiiiaee ia? /?oe? iaiaaeaiiy. A
iane?aeie oeueiai aeey aa?aaaoiaaiiai iaeaaeiaiiy iaie canoiniao?oueny
iiiyooy ia’?io ?iai/i? ciie ia?iaee, ye iaeano? i?inoi?o, ui iaiaaeaia
i?i?iaeueiei, iaeneiaeueiei aaaa?eoieie ?aae?onaie o?ainii?ooaaiiy oa
iaeneiaeueiei ?aae?onii ?icoaooaaiiy neeiaiai aa?aaaoo, yeee caeaaeeoue
a?ae aeiaaeeie ?ino?oiaioaeueii? in?.

Iniaeea?noth ia?iaee ia AA ? iaiaaeai?noue ia’?io ciie ia?iaee. sseui
c?noaaeoe ieoiiee ia’?i ciie ia?iaee, ui aecia/a?oueny ni?aa?aeiioaiiyi
ia’?io ciie ia?iaee aei ia’?io aa?noaoo, oi a?aeiinii oeueiai iieacieea
AA, o ii??aiyii? c ?ioeie oeiaie iaeaaeiaiiy, iathoue a?eueoa
iaiaaeaiinoae. Ii??aiyii c aa?noaoaie ?ioeo a?oi ieoiia eiioeaio?aoe?y
ia?iaee (/enei oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aoiae?a, ui i?eiaaea? ia iaeeieoeth
ia’?io ciie ia?iaee oa ia iaeio aeaoaeue) ia AA oaeiae cia/ii aeua.
Aeniea ieoiia eiioeaio?aoe?y ia?iaee i?e iaeiio ieoiiiio ia’?i? ciie
ia?iaee – iniaeea?noue, ui a?aeie?aieth? niaoe?aeuei? AA.

Aeiiaa iaeneiaeueii? eiioeaio?aoe?? ia?iaee ia AA aeaoaeae c a?eueoith
e?euee?noth iiaa?oiiue, ui ia?iaeththoueny, noaaeoue caaaeaiiy
ca?eueoaiiy ia’?io ?iai/i? ciie, ui i?eiaaea? ia iaeio iiceoe?th, aeey
iiaeeeaino? ?ici?uaiiy ia i?e a?eueoi? e?eueeino? ?ino?oiaio?a. C ?ioiai
aieo, iaiao?aei?noue ca?eueoaiiy e?eueeino? iiceoe?e ia?iaee aeey
?aae?caoe?? ia AA oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano c a?eueoei /eneii ia?aoiae?a
oa aenieith i?iaeoeoeai?noth, aaaea aei ciaioaiiy aaee/eie naeoi?o ciie
ia?iaee, ye /anoeie oaeoe/iiai ia’?io ciie ia?iaee, ui iaeaaeeoue
iiceoe?? aa?noaoo.

Aeey ?ica’ycaiiy oeueiai i?ioe??//y aeieea? iaiao?aei?noue ca?eueoaiiy
?aae?ono o?ainii?ooaaiiy, ui iaieio/a aaaea aei ca?eueoaiiy
?aae?aeueiiai aaaa?eoo aa?noaoo (ianaii? nenoaie), a ioaea
iaoaei?iiino?. O oeueiio aeiaaeeo iiaeeeai a?aeaeaaaoe ia?aaaao
aa?oeeaeuei?e eiiiiiiaoe? neeiaeo aa?aaao?a (NA). Aiae?c ia?aiao??a
aaiiao?e/ii? oi/iino? NA oaeiae i?aeoaa?aeaeo? ia?aaaao aa?oeeaeueii?
eiiiiiiaee ia?aae ai?eciioaeueiith.

Ca?eueoaiiy ?aae?ono o?ainii?ooaaiiy aeeee/a ca?eueoaiiy “iacaiiaiaiiai”
ia’?io o oeaio?? ieaioaeae noieo. C’yaey?oueny iioaioe?eia iiaeeea?noue
aeei?enoaoe oeae ia’?i aeey ?ici?uaiiy o iueiio oeaio?aeueii? eieiie, ye
aeaiaioo ianaii? nenoaie aa?noaoo. Ia?aiin ia iueiai neeiaeo aa?aaao?a
aeicaiey? iaiaaeeoe ?aae?on noaieie ?aae?onii o?ainii?oii? nenoaie.

E?eoa??? ioe?iee eiiiiiiaee aa?aaaoieo aa?noao?a, ui i?eeiyo?,
?ici??e oa eiio?ao?aoe?y ciie ia?iaee aecia/athoue, ii-ia?oa, ia?aiao?e
oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano ia?iaee (??aaiue eiioeaio?aoe?? oaoiieia?/iiai
ae?yiiy ia nenoaio caaioiaie o oeeee? ia?iaee), a ii-ae?oaa, niiaeea/?
ia?aiao?e aa?noaoo, ui i?iaeoo?oueny (iaoaei?ii?noue; c?o/i?noue
ianeoaiaoaaiiy; ieiuo, yeo caeia? aa?noao oa ?i.)

C oeueiai aieo aoee aeaaaeai? aeaye? caeaaeiino? ii aecia/aiith iniiaieo
?ici???a ciie ia?iaee, ui, iaeiae, ia ae/a?iothoue eiiiiiiai/io ea?oeio
AA, aea aeicaieythoue ea?oaaoe ?ici??aie oa eiio?ao?aoe??th ciie
ia?iaee (?en.2):
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aea Vc – ia’?i ciie o?ainii?oii? nenoaie (noieo) ;

VAe – ia’?i ciie aeaoae?;

Vn – ia’?i ciie ?ino?oiaioo.

O yeino? e?eoa??y ioe?iee cai?iiiiiaaiee a?aeiiniee ia’?i ciie
ia?iaee [V?.c.], yeee ?icaeyaea?oueny, ye a?aeiioaiiy oaeoe/iiai ia’?io
ciie ia?iaee aei iaeneiaeueiiai, oa

yaey?oueny iina?aaei?i e?eoa???i ??aiy eiioeaio?aoe?? iia?aoe?e,
i?iaeoeoeaiino?, eiiieaeniino? ia?iaee oa aeei?enoaiiy ae?iaie/eo ieiu:
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.

Caeaaeii a?ae aaiiao?e/iiai ?icoaooaaiiy a?aeiiniee ia’?i ciie ia?iaee
aeey aa?oeeaeueii ?icoaoiaaiiai neeiaiai aa?aaaoo NAA
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,

a aeey ai?eciioaeueiiai ?icoaooaaiiy-
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,

aea a, b, c – aaaa?eoe aeaoae? c o?aooaaiiyi aaaa?eo?a i?eno?ith;

n – e?euee?noue aeaoaeae, ui ia?iaeththoueny ia iaei?e iiceoe??;

R1 – ?aae?on “iacaiiaiaii?” ciie;

R2 — R1 – ciia aeaoaeae oa ciia ?ino?oiaioa aeey NAa;

R3 — R1 – ciia ?ino?oiaioa aeey NAa;

h – aenioa ciie ia?iaee, ia eio??e iiaea aooe ?icoaoiaaiee
?ino?oiaio;

l – cia/aiiy aee?oo ?ino?oiaioa;

L –aeiaaeeia ciie ia?iaee; b – oe?eia ciie ia?iaee.

Aeooaeueiith caaea/ath i?e i?iaeooaaii? AA ? i?aeaeuaiiy oi/iino?
ia?iaee, oiio ui aa?aaaoi? aa?noaoe, ui aeioneathoueny OAI AA,
noaa?eueii caaacia/othoue o?eueee 12 eaae?oao oi/iino?. Oiio ae?oaei
iniiaiei e?eoa???i ? oi/i?noue ia?iaee, ui aecia/a?oueny aieeaii
aaiiao?e/ii? oi/iino? aeaiaio?a eiiiiiiaee, eiio?ao?aoe??th oa i?ioyaii
?ici??ieo eaioetha?a, ?icoaooaaiiyi oa caniaii caaacia/aiiy oi/iino?
caieeaeueieo eaiie ? o.ae. O iiaeae? aca?iica’yceo aaiiao?e/ii? oi/iino?
aeaiaio?a eiiiiioaaeueiiai ??oaiiy oa oi/iino? ia?iaee ia AA aeyaeai?
iniiai? oaeoi?e iioeaie aca?iiiai ?icoaooaaiiy oa oi?ie aoce?a ?
aeaiaio?a AA, ui aecia/athoue aaiiao?e/io oi/i?noue AA. O ?acoeueoao?
ii??aiyeueiiai aiae?co eiiiiiiaie aeyaeai? ia?aaaae aa?oeeaeueii?
eiiiiiiaee o ii??aiyii? c ai?eciioaeueiith (oaae.). Aaee/eie iioeaie,
cia/aiiy aeiione?a neeaaeiaeo eaiie aeei?enoiaothoueny i?e aecia/aii?
iniiaieo ia?aiao??a ia’?io ciie ia?iaee a yeino? a?aeoeeaiue neeaaeiaeo:
i- aeey ai?eciioaeueii? eiiiiiiaee oa i- aeey aa?oeeaeueii?. Noeoii?noue
cia/aiue oa?aeoa?enoee oi/iino? neeaaeiaeo /anoei i?e aecia/aii? aenioe
(aeiaaeeie) ciie ia?iaee aeicaieythoue ioe?ieoe oi/i?noue, ui io?eiaia
iiaeiaae oe??? eii?aeeiaoe ciie ia?iaee, ioaea io?eiaia aaee/eia
oa?aeoa?eco? oi/i?noue naia eiiiiiiaee ii iaei?e eii?aeeiao?.
Cai?iiiiiaaia iaoiaeeea aeicaiey? aecia/eoe oi/i?noue eiiiiiiaee a
aeaye?e oi/oe? ia’?io ciie ia?iaee oa ?icaeyaeaoe oi/i?noue ia?iaee ia
AA, ye aeanoea?noue ia’?io ciie ia?iaee. Iaaeniea oi/i?noue ia?iaee
iiynith?oueny, c iaeiiai aieo, aaeeeith e?euee?noth aeaiaio?a, ui
iathoue e?ioeaao aei?noe?noue, a c ae?oaiai aieo, aeei?enoaiiyi ?aeeiiai
o?ainii?oii-aacoth/iai aeaiaioa (ieaioaeae).

?ic?aooieia? cia/aiiy ia?aiao??a oi/iino? AA

Ia?aiao?Ia?aiao?e oi/iino?, a ii (ia aacia?e aeiaaeei? 100ii)
Ai?eciioaeueia eiiiiiiaeaAa?oeeaeueia eiiiiiiaeaCi?uaiiy in? oieiaeaeth
a?aeiinii in? ioai?o iiioaaeiiai
oaaeiioN=0,028A=0,013Iaia?iaiaeeeoey?i?noue in? oieiaeaeth a?aeiinii
oaaeiio=0,075=0,070

Aeey ii??aiyiiy aa??aio?a eiiiiiiaie AA i?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy
caeaaeiinoae i?oaeieo oa eiioaeoieo aeaoi?iaoe?e a?ae coneeue ??caiiy:
ia?ai?uaiiy in? ioai?o a?ae oai?aoe/iiai iieiaeaiiy, coiiaeaia
aeaoi?iaoe?yie ianaii? nenoaie oa noia?iith aeaoi?iaoe??th iiceoe?e
ia?iaee.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy aei?noeino? aeaiaio?a ianaii? nenoaie (noiye?a,
i?aeeeaaeie, oeaio?aeueii? eieiie) i?e noaoe/iiio ?o iaaaioaaeaiith
aeicaieeei aeyaeoe aaee/eio iioeaie, ui c’yaeeeny, oa c?noaaeoe aa??aioe
eiiiiiiaee NA. I?ae /an aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaaaeaii aenia?eiaio —
ii??aiyiiy ii aei?noeino? o?ueio aa??aio?a ?icoaooaaiiy neeiaeo
aa?aaao?a: 1) ai?eciioaeueii; 2) aa?oeeaeueii
ia oi?o?eiaaiiio noiyeo; 3) aa?oeeaeueii ia oeaio?aeuei?e eieii? (?en.
3). Aeey oeeo aa??aio?a aoa i?iaaaeaiee i?yiee oa cai?ioiee oeeeee
iaaaioaaeaiiy, ?i?ooaaeeny inueiaa oa ?aae?aeueia iaaaioaaeaiiy.

Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy aei?noeino? aeaiaio?a eiiiiiiaie AA
aeiaaee, ui aei?noe?noue a inueiaiio iai?yieo a 4…6 ?ac?a a?eueoa,
i?ae a ?aae?aeueiiio, ui a?aeiia?aea? iniiai?e noai? iaaaioaaeaiiy.
Aeei?enoaiiy oeaio?aeueii? eieiie aeey ?ici?uaiiy aa?oeeaeueieo NA ?
a?eueo ia?aaaaeiei, i?ae aeei?enoaiiy noiye?a, ai ia o?eueee i?aeaeuo?
.

16000

JxOeE

Jx,
JxA

I/ii
JxA

8000

4000

500 1000 1500 2000 2500
3000 3500 ?i, I 4500

?en.3 Caeaaei?noue aei?noeino? iiceoe?? ia?iaee a?ae inueiaiai
iaaaioaaeaiiy NA

aei?noe?noue oa oi/i?noue ia?iaee, a ua e ni?ey? ?icoe?aiith
oaoiieia?/ieo iiaeeeainoae AA ca ?aooiie aaaaeaiiy a ?aeeiee oeeee
ia?iaee /enoiaeo iia?aoe?e.

Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy: caeaaeiino? aa?oeeaeueieo oa
?aae?aeueieo a?aeaeaoue iiai?ioii-ae?eeeueiiai noieo a?ae iaaaioaaeaiiy
oa aenioe eiai i?eeeaaeaiiy; aca?iiaieeao iiceoe?e ia?iaee aeyaeee, ui
“o?aaeeoe?eiee” iiai?ioii-ae?eeeueiee no?e o ?ac? iecueeeo iieaciee?a
aei?noeino?, iniaeeai eiee inoaii? iiceoe?? caeaaeaoue a?ae
iaaaioaaeaiiy ia /i?iiaeo iiceoe?yo, aeioe?eueii ci?ieoe ia o?ainii?oio
nenoaio aac i?aee?aneaieo iaaeie?e?a, iai?eeeaae, nenoaiith noiooiee?a c
neeiaei caoenea/ai.

Aaiiao?e/ia oi/i?noue ia?iaee aeaoaeae ia ieaioaea?
iiai?ioii-ae?eeeueiiai noieo caeaaeeoue a?ae oi/iino? iiceoe?thaaiiy.
?acoeueoaoe aiae?co aeiaaee, ui iioeaea ia?iaee, ui iia’ycaia c
iaoi/i?noth iiceoe?thaaiiy, oei iaioa, /ei a?eueoa ?aae?on ?icoaooaaiiy
o?enoth/iai aeaiaioo. Ioaea, ca?eueoaiiy ?aae?ona o?ainii?ooaaiiy
aeaoae?, caaaeyee iiaeeeaino? aeei?enoaiiy oeai?ieieiii? eiiiiiiaee,
aeicaiey? i?aeaeueoe oi/i?noue ia?iaee.

I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieeee aeyaeoe ?yae iai?yie?a
oaeineiiaeaiiy eiiiiiiaie AA. Oae, AA oeaio?ieieiii? eiiiiiiaee ia?
ia?aae aa?noaoaie ia?eoa??eii? eiiiiiiaee oae? ia?aaaae: aeicaiey?
nooo?ai (a 2 ? a?eueoa ?ac?a) i?aeaeueoe ??aaiue oaoiieia?/iiai aieeao
ia caaioiaeo o iaaeao iaeiiai oaoiieia?/iiai oeeeeo ia?iaee, caaacia/o?,
i?e iaiao?aeiino?, aeinooii?noue caaioiaee aeey ia?iaee cna?aaeeie;
?icoaooaaiiy aa?oeeaeueieo NA ia aei?noe?e oeaio?aeuei?e eieii?, ie??i
i?aeaeuaiiy oi/iino? ia?iaee, aeicaiey? caaacia/eoe eiaeio iiceoe?th
ia?iaee aeaiia neeiaeie aa?aaaoaie (aa?oeeaeueiei oeaio?ieieiiei oa
ai?eciioaeue-

iei aai iaoeeaiei ia?eoa??eiei), oiae? ye ia o?aaeeoe?eiiio AA a?i/i?
noiyee, ui canoiniaothoueny aeey aeeiiaiiy aiaeia?/iiai oaoiieia?/iiai
oeeeeo , ii nai?i eiino?oeoeaiei iniaeeainoyi iiaeooue aooe anoaiiaeai?
eeoa /a?ac iiceoe?th ia?iaee. Aa?oeeaeuei? neeia? aa?aaaoe, ui
?icoaoiaai? ia oeaio?aeuei?e eieii? ( ca oiiaith caa?aaeaiiy /e
iacia/ii? ci?ie oeeeeia?aie ?iaioe aa?noaoo), aeioe?eueii ia’?aeiaoe
caaaeueiei iaoai?ciii iiaea/?. C iiaeyaeo ciaioaiiy ieiu?, ui
caeia?oueny aa?noaoii, oa iaoaei?iiino? iiaeeeai iaiaaeeoe ieiuo noaieie
oith, ui caeia? o?ainii?oia nenoaia, a ai?eciioaeuei? aa?aaaoe
?icoaooaaoe ia i?enoaaieo noaieiao.

Nenoaiiee aiae?c caaaeueii? iine?aeiaiino? i?iaeooaaiiy AA oa i?aeoeee
?o noai?aiiy aeicaieea ?ic?iaeoe ocaaaeueiaio iaoiaeeeo neioaco AA, yea
neeaaea?oueny c ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai, aeai?eoi?/iiai oa i?ia?aiiiai
caaacia/aiiy. Oe?oiiaiee aeai?eoi aeai?o eaaceiioeiaeueiiai aa??aioo
oaoiieia?/ii? oa eiino?oeoi?nueei? eiiiiiiaie AA (?en.4) aeeth/a? a naaa
/ioe?e iiaeoe?: «Aea?? ??caeueiiai ?ino?oiaioo (??) oa eiia?iiaaiiai
??caeueiiai ?ino?oiaioo (E??)», «Oi?ioaaiiy ?ino?oiaioaeueieo iaeaaeie
(?I)», «Aecia/aiiy

oeio neeiaeo aa?aaao?a (NA)», «Aea?? aa??aioo eiiiiiiaee». A i?ioean?
iiaeaethaaiiy

eiaeai iiaeoeue ia? nai? e?eoa??? ioe?iee oa iaiaaeaiiy. Canoinoaaiiy
no/anieo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e aeicaiey? cina?aaeeoe iniiaio
/anoeio ciaiue i?i i?ioean neioaco o aac? aeaieo (c canoinoaaiiyi
?aeyoe?eii? aace aeaieo), a i?ioean i?iaeooaaiiy iiaeaoe ye
?ioa?i?aoaoe?th ciaiue.

Aiae?c ia?aiao??a ??ciiiai?oieo aa??aio?a eiiiiiiaee aeey ae??oaiiy
iaei??? ? o??? ae oaoiieia?/ii? caaea/?, caaaeyee ?ic?iaeai?e
iaoiaeeoe?, aoa i?iaaaeaiee i?e ?icaeyae? aaciaiai ainueieiiceoe?eiiai
AA 4OA10945 c ai?eciioaeueiei ?icoaooaaiiyi nueiie NA aeey ia?iaee
aeaoae? «Ei?ion ?aaoethaaeueiiai aaae?eth». O ?acoeueoao? aiae?co
aeyaeaia iiaeeea?noue canoinoaaiiy aa?oeeaeueieo neeiaeo aa?aaao?a
cai?noue ai?eciioaeueieo. Ia?aaaaei?noue aa?oeeaeueieo NA aeieaco?
aeioe?euei?noue canoinoaaiiy oeaio?ieieiii? eiiiiiiaee aa?noaoo.
Cai?iiiiiaaiee aa??aio aa?noaoo aeicaiey? ciaioeoe e?euee?noue
iiceoe?e ia?iaee (aei i’yoe iiceoe?e), cia/ii cieceoe iaoaei?ii?noue
aa?noaoo oa ieiuo, ui a?i caeia?. I?e iaiao?aeiino? iiaea aooe
i?aeaeuaia i?iaeoeoeai?noue aa?noaoo. Canoinoaaiiy iaoiaeee aeicaieeei
io?eiaoe aeiiii?/iee aoaeo o ?ici??? 2,5 iei. e?a. a oe?iao 1992 ?ieo ca
?aooiie iioe?aiiy oaoiieia?/ieo iiaeeeainoae aa?aaaoieo aa?noao?a,
i?aeaeuaiiy oi/iino? oa eiiieaeniino? ia?iaee.

“”

“”

“”

“”

CAAAEUeI? AENIIAEE OA ?ACOEUeOAOE ?IAIOE.

1? Ieoaiiy io?eiaiiy eaaceiioeiaeueiiai eiiiiiiai/iiai ??oaiiy aeey
aa?aaaoieo aa?noao?a na?aaeiueiai ?ici??o c oi/ee ci?o
eiieo?aioicaeaoiino? i?iaeeeoiaaia iaiao?aei?noth i?aeaeuaiiy oi/iino?
ia?iaee, aei?noeino? oaoiieia?/ii? nenoaie, ?icoe?aiiy oaoiieia?/ieo
iiaeeeainoae aa?aaaoiaaiiai iaeaaeiaiiy, ciaioaiiy iaoaei?iiino?, ieiu?,
ui aiii caeia?, oa ?ioeie aeiiaaie, ui noaaeyoueny aei no/aniiai
oaoiieia?/iiai iaeaaeiaiiy.

2? Ia iniia? aiae?co no?oeoo?e i?ioeano i?iaeooaaiiy aa?aaaoieo
aa?noao?a na?aaeiueiai ?ici??o aeyaeaia nenoaia ca’yce?a oa i??i?eoao?a
i?e aiae?c? iiiaeeie oa aeai?? iaee?aueo aa??aio?a oaoiieia?/ieo oa
eiino?oeoi?nueeeo eiiiiiiaie, ui aeicaiey? i?aeaeueoe iniiai? oaoi?/i?
oa aeiiii?/i? iieacieee aa?aaaoieo aa?noao?a, ui noai?ththoueny.

3? Iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue eiiiiiiaee aa?aaaoieo aa?noao?a na?aaeiueiai
?ici??o aeicaiey? ioe?ithaaoe ia?aiao?e eiiieaeniino? ia?iaee, ??aaiue
eiioeaio?aoe?? oaoiieia?/iiai aieeao oa noai?thaaoe iia? aa?noaoe ia
a?eueo aenieiio oaoi?/iiio ??ai?.

4? Iiaeaeue aca?iic’ayceo aaiiao?e/ii? oi/iino? aeaiaio?a eiiiiiiai/iiai
??oaiiy oa oi/iino? ia?iaee ia aa?aaaoieo aa?noaoao caaacia/o?
i?aeaeuaiiy oi/iino? ca ?aooiie ia?aaaaeiiai canoinoaaiiy aa?oeeaeueii
?icoaoiaaieo neeiaeo aa?aaao?a, a a?aoiaoth/e cia/aiiy aei?noeino?
iniiaieo ii?iae?ciaaieo aoce?a oa aeaiaio?a aeiaaaea ? aei?a/i?noue
onoaiiaeaiiy aa?oeeaeueieo neeiaeo aa?aaao?a ia oeaio?aeuei?e eieii?, ui
ni?eyoeia ?icoe?aiith canoinoaaiiy aa?aaaoieo aa?noao?a o
iaoeiiaoaeoaaii?.

5? Iiaeaethaaiiy ia iniia? iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? eiiiiiiaee aa?aaaoieo
aa?noao?a c aeei?enoaiiyi iiaeae? aca?iic’ayceo aaiiao?e/ii? oi/iino?
aeaiaio?a eiiiiiiai/iiai ??oaiiy oa oi/iino? ia?iaee ia aa?aaaoieo
aa?noaoao oa iiaeae? aei?noeino? o?aaeeoe?eii? o?ainii?oii? nenoaie –
ieaioaeae iiai?ioii-ae?eeeueiiai noieo aeicaiey? aea?aoe oaoiieia?/ii
iaa?oioiaai? aa??aioe eiino?oeoi?nueeeo eiiiiiiaie oeeo aa?noao?a.

6? Cai?iiiiiaaiee aa??aio oeaio?ieieiiiai aa?noaoo ?c noiooieeiaith
nenoaiith o?ainii?ooaaiiy caaioiaie ii oaoiieia?/iiio oeeeeo ia?iaee
noiniaii aei aaaaoiiiceoe?eieo aa?aaaoieo aa?noao?a na?aaeiueiai ?ici??o
aeicaiey? a?aeiiaeoeny a?ae caaaeueii? oaoiieia?/ii? iniiae o aeaeyae?
ieaioaeae iiai?ioii-ae?eeeueiiai noiea, ui cacia? ia??aiii??i?
aeeiai?/i? aieeae caieo neeiaeo aa?aaao?a.

7? Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iaoiaeeee aiae?co oa aeai?o eiiiiiiaee i?e
eiino?othaaii? aaaaoiiic?oe?eieo aa?aaaoieo aa?noao?a ?, a cia/i?? i???,
aeaiooaaii? aa?aaaoieo aa?noao?a aeicaieeei io?eiaoe noia?iee ??/iee
aoaeo 2,5 iei. e?a. a oe?iao 1992 ?ieo.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe:

1? I?eoiaeueei I.TH. Iaoaiaoe/aneay iiaeaeue oeeeeiaie
i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe ia?aaioee ia aa?aaaoiuo noaieao // Aanoiee
Oa?ueeianeiai ainoaea?noaaiiiai iieeoaoie/aneiai oieaa?neoaoa.-1998.
-N17.- N.50-52.

2? Oeiioaaa TH.A., Ia?iyeia A.A., I?eoiaeueei I.TH., Nenoaiaoecaoeey
eiiiiiiaie aa?aaaoieo noaieia // Eioi?iaoeeiiiua oaoiieiaee : iaoea,
oaoieea, oaoiieiaey, ia?aciaaiea, caei?iauea. Nai?iee iao/iuo o?oaeia
OAIO Aui. 6. A /aou?ao /anoyo. *anoue /aoaa?oay. Oa?ueeia, Oa?ueeianeee
ainoaea?noaaiiue iieeoaoie/aneee oieaa?neoao, 1998. — N.215-218.

Aaoi?ii aeine?aeaeaii no?oeoo?o oa ia?aiao?e oaoiieia?/ii? eiiiiiiaee
aa?aaaoieo aa?noao?a.

3. Eioi?iaoeeiiiay iiaeaeue iauaeoa ia?aaioee a NAI? aa?aaaoiuo
noaieia / Oeiioaaa TH.A., Ia?iyeia A.A., I?eoiaeueei I.TH., Oaaeaaa
A.A./ Eioi?iaoeeiiiua oaoiieiaee : iaoea, oaoieea, oaoiieiaey,
ia?aciaaiea, caei?iauea. Nai?iee iao/iuo o?oaeia OAIO. Aui. 6. A /aou?ao
/anoyo. *anoue /aoaa?oay. Oa?ueeia, Oa?ueeianeee ainoaea?noaaiiiue
iieeoaoie/aneee oieaa?neoao, 1998.- N.219-223.

Aaoi?ii cai?iiiiiaaiee ?ioi?iaoe?eiee eiae ia’?eoo ia?iaee ia
aa?aaaoiiio aa?noao?.

4. Aeaoei A.A., Ia?iyeia A.A., I?eoiaeueei I.TH. Ia iioeiaeueiie
eiioeaio?aoeee iia?aoeee i?e ia?aie/aiiii iauaia ciiu ia?aaioee a
aa?aaaoe?iaaiiuo oaoiieiae/aneeo nenoaiao. / / Aanoiee Oa?ueeianeiai
ainoaea?noaaiiiai iieeoaoie/aneiai oieaa?neoaoa. -1998. -?27. — N.120-
124.

Aaoi?ii cai?iiiiiaaiee e?eoa??e aeey ioe?iee eiiiiiiaie
aa?aaaoieo aa?noao?a.

5. Aeaoei A.A., Ia?iyeia A.A., I?eoiaeueei I.TH. Ieieiecaoeey ?aaeeona
?aniieiaeaiey neeiauo aa?aaaoia ia aa?aaaoiuo noaieao n eieueoeaaui
o?ainii?oe?iaaieai caaioiaee. / Aanoiee Oa?ueeianeiai ainoaea?noaaiiiai
iieeoaoie/aneiai oieaa?neoaoa. -1998. -?27. — N.117-119.

Aaoi?ii aeine?aeaeo?oueny no?oeoo?a oi?ioaaiiy aaaa?eoiiai
?aae?ono aa?aaaoiiai aa?noaoo.

AIIOAOe??

I?eoiaeueei I.TH. Iiaeaethaaiiy aoaeoeaieo eiiiiiiai/ieo ??oaiue i?e
aeai?? no?oeoo?e oa ia?aiao??a aa?aaaoieo aa?noao?a na?aaeiueiai
?ici??o. – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.03.01 – i?ioeane iaoai?/ii? ia?iaee, aa?noaoe oa
?ino?oiaioe. Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iie?oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao. Oa?e?a
1998 ??e.

Caoeua?oueny ?iaioa, iaoith yei? ? i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? aa?aaaoieo
aa?noao?a na?aaeiueiai ?ici??o, iie?ioaiiy ?o no?oeoo?e oa ia?aiao??a,
ui aecia/a?oueny i?aeaeuaiiyi oi/iino?, eiiieaeniino? ia?iaee,
aei?noeino? oaoiieia?/ieo nenoai. Cai?iiiiiaaiee aei aeei?enoaiiy
aa??aio oeaio?ieieiiiai aa?aaaoiiai aa?noaoo, ui i?aeaeuo? ??aaiue
eiioeaio?aoe??, eiiieaeniino? ia?iaee, aeicaiey? iie?ioeoe ye?ni?
ia?aiao?e aeaoaeae, ui ia?iaeythoueny.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: eiiieaeni?noue, aei?noe?noue, oi/i?noue, aa?aaaoi?
aa?noaoe, oeaio?ieieiia eiiiiiiaea.

Prihodko I. Y. Modeling of the effective layout decisions at a choice
of structure and parameters of unit-building machine tools of the
average size. — Manuscript.

The dissertation on competition of a scientific degree of the candidate
of technical science on a speciality 05.03. 01 — processes of machining,
machine tools and tools. Kharkov State Polytechnical University. Kharkov
1998. The work is protected, which purpose is the increase of efficiency
of unit-building machine tools of the average size, improvement of their
structure and parameters, which are determined by increase of accuracy,
integrated approach of processing, rigidity of technological systems.
The variant of the unit-building machine tool with central column is
offered for use which allows to raise a level of concentration,
integrated approach of processing, allows to improve qualitative
parameters of processable details.

Key words: integrated approach, rigidity, accuracy, modular machine
tools, configuration with central column.

I?eoiaeueei I.TH. Iiaeaee?iaaiea yooaeoeaiuo eiiiiiiai/iuo ?aoaiee i?e
auai?a no?oeoo?u e ia?aiao?ia aa?aaaoiuo noaieia n?aaeiaai ?acia?a. —
?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.03.01 — i?ioeannu iaoaie/aneie ia?aaioee, noaiee
e eino?oiaiou. Oa?ueeianeee ainoaea?noaaiiue iieeoaoie/aneee
oieaa?neoao. Oa?ueeia 1999 aiae.

Caueuaaony ?aaioa, oeaeueth eioi?ie yaeyaony iiauoaiea yooaeoeaiinoe
aa?aaaoiuo noaieia n?aaeiaai ?acia?a, oeo/oaiea eo no?oeoo?u e
ia?aiao?ia, eioi?ua ii?aaeaeythony iiauoaieai oi/iinoe, eiiieaeniinoe
ia?aaioee, aeanoeinoe oaoiieiae/aneeo nenoai.

?ac?aaioea eiiiiiiaee aa?aaaoiiai noaiea no?ieony ia i?eioeeiao
eiioeaio?aoeee e aeeooa?aioeeaoeee oaoiieiae/aneeo iia?aoeee e
i?aneaaeoao oeaeue aeinoeaeaiey iioeiaeueiie i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe
oi?iiia?aciaaiey, ieieiaeueiie iaoaeeiaieinoe, iaeneiaeueiie aeanoeinoe
e oi/iinoe ia?aaioee, ieieiaeueiie caieiaaiie i?iecaiaenoaaiiie
ieiuaaee e ae?. oa?aeoa?enoee a niioaaonoaee n i?eiyouie i?e
i?iaeoe?iaaiee e?eoa?eyie.

Aiaeec no?oeoo?u i?ioeanna i?iaeoe?iaaiey aa?aaaoiiai noaiea n?aaeiaai
?acia?a iicaieee auyaeoue no?oeoo?o “aeeciaiiiai” oeeeea
aa?aaaoe?iaaiiiai iai?oaeiaaiey, niaoeeoe/aneea iniaaiiinoe e
ia?aie/aiey eaaeaeiai yoaia. Ia eaaeaeii yoaia i?iaeoe?iaaiey aiciiaeii
iieo/aiea eieaeueiiai iioeioia: ia yoaia ?ac?aaioee oaoiieiae/aneie
eiiiiiiaee ii?aaeaeythuaa cia/aiea eiaao i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoue, e
iioeiaeueiue aa?eaio auae?aaony n o/aoii oaoiieiae/aneeo iniaaiiinoae
aa?aaaoiuo noaieia; i?e i?eiyoee eiino?oeoi?neeo i?iaeoe?iai/iuo
?aoaiee aeiaaaeythony e?eoa?ee oi/iinoe ia?aaioee, aeanoeinoe
oaoiieiae/aneie nenoaiu, caieiaaiie ieiuaaee e o.ae.

A ?acoeueoaoa aiaeeca i?iaeoe?iai/iuo ?aoaiee auea ii?aaeaeaia naoaaay
no?oeoo?a acaeiinaycae ioeaii/iuo e?eoa?eaa, eioi?ay aoaeao o/eouaaoueny
a eaaeaeie eieaeueiie caaea/a nicaeaiey aaiiu aa?eaioia eiiiiiiaie
aa?aaaoiuo noaieia.

Iiiyoea iauaia ciiu ia?aaioee iaeaieaa iieii io?aaeaao iniaaiiinoe
ia?aaioee ia aa?aaaoiuo noaieao, a eae ioeaii/iue e?eoa?ee i?aaeeiaeaii
iiiyoea- ioiineoaeueiue iauai ciiu ia?aaioee, iicaieythuee aeey eaaeaeie
eiie?aoiie eiiiiiiaee aa?aaaoiiai noaiea ii?aaeaeeoue o?iaaiue
eiioeaio?aoeee iia?aoeee, iieacaoaeue eniieueciaaiey i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo
ieiuaaeae e o.ae. Iaoaiaoe/aneay iiaeaeue iauaia ciiu ia?aaioee, a
eioi?ie ?anniao?eaathony ia?aiao?u iauaiia ciiu o?ainii?oiie nenoaiu,
ciiu aeaoaee e ciiu eino?oiaioa, iicaieyao ioeaieoue, i?yii eee
einaaiii, oa?aeoa?enoeee i?iaeoe?oaiiai noaiea (i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoue,
oi/iinoue, aeanoeinoue).

Ia iniiaa iiaeaee acaeiinayce aaiiao?e/aneie oi/iinoe yeaiaioia
eiiiiiiai/iiai ?aoaiey e oi/iinoe ia?aaioee ia aa?aaaoiii noaiea, a
eioi?ie auyaeaiu iniiaiua oaeoi?u iia?aoiinoae acaeiiiai ?aniieiaeaiey e
oi?iu iiioe?oaiuo oceia e yeaiaioia, ii?aaeaeythuea aaiiao?e/aneoth
oi/iinoue noaieia, i?iaaaeai n?aaieoaeueiue aiaeec e auyaeaiu
i?aeiouanoaa aa?oeeaeueiie eiiiiiiaee ii n?aaiaieth n ai?eciioaeueiie.

I?aaeeiaeai aeey eniieueciaaiey aa?eaio oeaio?ieieiiiiai aa?aaaoiiai
noaiea, eioi?ue iicaieyao iiauneoue o?iaaiue eiioeaio?aoeee,
eiiieaeniinoe ia?aaioee, oeo/oeoue ea/anoaaiiua ia?aiao?u ia?aaaouaaaiuo
aeaoaeae.

Enneaaeiaaiey oi/iinoe yeaiaioia eiiiiiiaie aa?aaaoiuo noaieia aeey
?acee/iuo noai ?aniieiaeaiey neeiauo aa?aaaoia iiaeoaa?aeeee
iaiaoiaeeiinoue iiauoaiey aeanoeinoe aa?oeeaeueii ?aniieiaeaiiuo neeiauo
aa?aaaoia e oeaeaniia?aciinoue ?aciauaiey aa?oeeaeueiuo iiceoeee
ia?aaioee ia oeaio?aeueiie eieiiia, i /ai naeaeaoaeuenoaoao
yenia?eiaioaeueiia enneaaeiaaiea aeanoeinoe a?i/iie noieee.
Yenia?eiaioaeueiia enneaaeiaaiea aeanoeinoe yeaiaioia eiiiiiiaie
aa?aaaoiuo noaieia n?aaeiaai ?acia?a iieacaei, /oi aeanoeinoue a inaaii
iai?aaeaiee a 4…6 ?ac auoa, /ai a ?aaeeaeueiii, /oi niioaaonoaoao
iniiaiie noaia iaa?oaeaiey; noaiaeiaue yenia?eiaio n eniieueciaaieai
a?i/iie eiino?oeoeee iiaeoaa?aeee i?aeiouanoaa oeaio?ieieiiiie
aa?oeeaeueiie iiceoeee ia?aaioee. Yenia?eiaioaeueiia enneaaeiaaiea
aaee/eiu ioaeaoey iiai?ioii-aeaeeoaeueiiai noiea e ?acoeueoaou ecia?aiee
inaaie iaa?ocee ieaioaeau ia eaaeaeie iiceoeee ia?aaioee i?eaiaeyo e
auaiaeo i oii, /oi aeey iiauoaiey oi/iinoe ia?aaioee e ?anoe?aiey
iaeanoe i?eiaiaiey aa?aaaoiuo noaieia, a ?yaea neo/aaa, ?aoeeiiaeueii
ioeacaoueny io iauae oaoiieiae/aneie iniiau- ieaioaeau
iiai?ioii-aeaeeoaeueiiai noiea.

Iaoiaeeea iaoaiaoe/aneiai iiaeaee?iaaiey aeeth/aao aeai?eoi auai?a
eaaceiioeiaeueiiai aa?eaioa eiiiiiiaee aa?aaaoiiai noaiea n?aaeiaai
?acia?a, ninoiyuee ec /aou?ao iiaeoeae e iicaieythuee iiyoaiii
inouanoaeyoue auai? ?aaeoueo eino?oiaioia, oi?ie?iaaiea
eino?oiaioaeueiuo iaeaaeie, a caoai auai? ii?aaeaeaiiuo oeiia neeiauo
aa?aaaoia e, iaeiiaoe, auai? aa?eaioa eiiiiiiaee noaiea.

Aiaeec ?aaeueii nouanoaothueo aa?aaaoiuo noaieia n?aaeiaai ?acia?a
iieacae aiciiaeiinoue e oeaeaniia?aciinoue caiaiu ai?eciioaeueii
?aniieiaeaiiuo neeiauo aa?aaaoia aa?oeeaeueiuie n aeaeueiaeoae eo
onoaiiaeie ia oeaio?aeueiie eieiiia. I?eiaiaiea oeaio?ieieiiiie
eiiiiiiaee iicaieyao iiauneoue oi/iinoue ia?aaioee, oaaee/eaaao ?aca?a
i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe e oiaiueoaao caieiaaioth noaieii ieiuaaeue.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: eiiieaeniinoue, aeanoeinoue, oi/iinoue, aa?aaaoiua
noaiee, oeaio?ieieiiiay eiiiiiiaea, iauai ciiu ia?aaioee.

Похожие записи