EE?ANUeEEE IAOe?IIAEUeIEE AEIIII?*IEE

OI?AA?NEOAO

NAA?OE Ieaenaiae? Eineiiae/

OAeE 331.6

IIAeAE? OA IAOIAeE ?ANO?OEOO?ECAOe??

I?AeI?E?INOA A OIIAAO ?EIEIAI?

AEIIII?EE

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 08.03.02 —

Aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaethaaiiy

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai

nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

EE?A – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai iaiaaeaeiaioo Ee?anueeiai
iaoe?iiaeueiiai aeiiii?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee Eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Aae?oeei Aieiaeeie? Einoyioeiiae/, Ee?anueeee iaoe?iiaeueiee aeiiii?/iee
oi?aa?neoao I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie, caa. eaoaae?e ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai
iaiaaeaeiaioo

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe Aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Noneia Ieaa
Iaaeiae/, Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee aeiiii?/iee ?inoeooo I?iaeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie,
aieiaiee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee a?aeae?eo i?iaeai aeiiii?ee aaeocae IAE ?
aia?aicaa?aaeaiiy

Aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

A?aneaaoeaa Ieaenaiae? Aieiaeeie?iae/, ?inoeooo aeiiii?ee i?iieneiaino?
Iaoe?iiaeueii? aeaaeai?? iaoe Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoaa/ naeoi?a a?aeae?eo
i?iaeai aoaeoeaiiai aeei?enoaiiy ae?iaie/iai iioaioe?aeo

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa Iaeanueeee aea?aeaaiee aeiiii?/iee oi?aa?neoao
I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie, eaoaae?a ia/enethaaeueii? oaoi?ee oa
?ioi?iaoe?eieo nenoai a aeiiii?oe?

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 10 ” aa?aniy 1999?. i 14 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.006.01 o Ee?anueeiio iaoe?iiaeueiiio
aeiiii?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith: 252057, i.Ee?a, i?iniaeo
Ia?aiiae, 54/1, aoaeeoi??y 214.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? Ee?anueeiai
iaoe?iiaeueiiai aeiiii?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ca aae?anith: i.Ee?a, i?iniaeo
Ia?aiiae 54/1.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 30 “ eeiiy 1999?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

Niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

Eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?
I.Ae.Oa?aiia

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeiiii?/ia e?eca a Oe?a?i?
i?iaeiaaeo?oueny. Niaae ae?iaieoeoaa ia coieiy?oueny, a?eueo?noue
i?aei?e?inoa ia i?aoeththoue /e i?aoeththoue c aeiiii?/ii iai?eionoeiei
iaaeiaaioaaeaiiyi. Oa ana ae oaee o oeeo oiiaao aeaye? i?aei?e?inoaa oa
ia’?aeiaiiy iaeaaiaeeee ae?iaieoeoai ? aeeoee ia ?eiie, io?eiothoue
i?eaooie, no?eei ?icaeaathoueny. Aeey noai?aiiy oiia noaa?eueiiai
ooieoe?iioaaiiy oa ?icaeoeo i?aei?e?inoa, aaeocae oa an??? aeiiii?ee
iaiao?aeia ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?y (ia?aaoaeiaa) a?aeiia?aeii aei i?eioeei?a
?eieiai? aeiiii?ee, ui i?eeoee ia ci?io aei?noei oeaio?ae?ciaaiiio
ieaioaaiith, aaei?i?no?aoeaiiio oi?aae?iith oa ?iciiae?eo, ye? aeiaaee
naith iani?iiiaei?noue iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo.

?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?y ia i?aei?e?inoa? ii/eia?oueny c /?oeiai aecia/aiiy
eiai i?n??, yea ia iiaea aooe aecia/aiith aac a?aeiia?aeii? i?aai?caoe??
neoaeae ia?eaoeiao oa ?acoeueoao?a i?iaaaeaiiy ia?eaoeiaiaeo
aeine?aeaeaiue. Aac oeueiai oaeiae ia iiaea aooe aecia/aia iiiaieeaoo?a
i?iaeoeoe??, ui aeionea?oueny, ?? ia’?i, ye?ni? oa?aeoa?enoeee,
i?iaiiciaaia oe?ia, ?eiee caooo.

?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?y aeiiii?ee a oe?eiio, aaeocae oa ie?aieo i?aei?e?inoa
oneeaaeith?oueny o??th ianoaaeiith, ui oeae i?aeo?ae ? iiaei o
a?o/eciyi?e aeiiii?/i?e oai??? oa i?aeoeoe?. O a?o/eciyi?e e?oa?aoo??
oey oaia aena?oeaia iaaeinoaoiuei.

Neeaaei?noue ae??oaiiy caaea/ ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe??, a oaeiae o?oaeiiu? ??
aeaoae?caoe?? ia eiaeiiio eiie?aoiiio i?aei?e?inoa? ? iaoiiaeththoue
aenieo aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Oeueiio ieoaiith i?enay/ai? i?aoe? I.Aeeiiaa, A.A?n?ae?ia, A.Aaeoey,
?.Aieoaeiaa, I.Ai?oeiaa, ?.?aaiiaa, O.Eeioeaaaa, ?.Eoe?iiaa,
A.Iaoiaiei, A.Iaianthea, TH.Iaoiiiaa, I.Noneiaa, I.sseoaianueeiai,
R.Askoff, A.Chandler, M.Hammer, I.Champy oa ?i. ?acii c oei ?yae ieoaiue
oeueiai iaoeiaiai iai?yio caeeoathoueny iaae??oaieie. Cie?aia,
iaaeinoaoiuei oaaae i?eae?eaii ieoaiiyi iiaeeeainoae canoinoaaiiy
iaoiae?a aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy ? aeei?enoaiiy
i?ia?aneaieo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e, ioe?iee ? oi?aae?iiy
aoaeoeai?noth ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? i?aei?e?inoaa, canoinoaaiiy aenia?oieo
nenoai aeey aiae?co ?eieiaeo oiia.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?y
aeeiiaia o a?aeiia?aeiino? c ieaiii iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o eaoaae?e
?ioi?iaoe?eiiai iaiaaeaeiaioo Ee?anueeiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai aeiiii?/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo c oaie «?ic?iaea oai?aoe/ieo oa i?eeeaaeieo aniaeo?a
?ioi?iaoe?eiiai iaiaaeaeiaioo” (?a?no?aoe?eiee iiia? 0197E005365). E??i
oiai, aeine?aeaeaiiy o?nii iia’ycaii c i??i?eoaoiei iai?yiii ?icaeoeo
iaoee ? oaoi?ee «Iaoeia? i?iaeaie ?icaoaeiae aea?aeaaiino? a Oe?a?i?»,
yea aeoiaeeoue c ?icii?yaeaeaiiy I?aceaeaioa Oe?a?ie a?ae 24 n?/iy 1997
?ieo ? 52/97 — ?I «I?i iaoeia? aeine?aeaeaiiy c ieoaiue aeiiii?/ii? oa
nioe?aeueii? iie?oeee ia caiiaeaiiy I?aceaeaioa Oe?a?ie», a oaeiae c
I?ia?aiith no?oeoo?ii? ia?aaoaeiae aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie.

Iaoa oa caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeena?oaoe?? ? ?ic?iaea
iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ieo canaae ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? i?aei?e?inoaa a ?eieiaeo
oiiaao ia iniia? aeei?enoaiiy iaoiae?a aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/iiai
iiaeaethaaiiy ? no/anieo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e. Aeey aeinyaiaiiy
noi?ioeueiaaii? iaoe a aeena?oaoe?? ae??oai? ianooii? caaea/?:

aecia/ai? nooi?noue, caaea/? ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? oa /eiieee ia?niaeoeaiiai
?icaeoeo;

iaa?oioiaai? iai?yie oa oi?ie ?ioi?iaoecaoe?? i?ioeano ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe??
i?aei?e?inoaa ?c canoinoaaiiyi no/anieo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e;

?ic?iaeaia aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue nenoaiiiai aiae?co
ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa;

cae?eniaii iiaeaethaaiiy i?ioeano oi?aae?iiy aoaeoeai?noth i?iaaaeaiiy
aeano?oeoo?ecaoe?? i?aei?e?inoaa;

iiaoaeiaaia aenia?oia nenoaia aeey ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? i?aei?e?inoaa ye
can?a ?ioaeaeooae?caoe?? i?ioeano i?eeiyooy ??oaiue a ?eieiaeo oiiaao;

?ic?iaeaia no?oeoo?a noaie ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? i?aei?e?inoaa;

noai?aia nenoaia ?ioi?iaoe?eii-?ioaeaeooaeueii? i?aeo?eiee
?ano?oeoo?ecaoe???;

aecia/aia aoaeoeai?noue ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? i?aei?e?inoaa;

noi?ioeueiaai? iniiai? no?aoaa?/i? iai?yie eiai ia?niaeoeaiiai ?icaeoeo
a ?eieiaeo oiiaao.

Ia caoeno aeiineoueny:

aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue aiae?co ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa;

iiaeaeue ioe?iee aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe??;

i?eeeaae canoinoaaiiy aenia?oii? nenoaie aeey aiae?co ?eieiaeo oiia;

i?aeoiaee aei ?ic?iaee oaoiieia?? ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? i?aei?e?inoaa;

iaoiaeieia?/i? aniaeoe ia?eaoeiaiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue aeey i?aei?e?inoaa.

I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? iaoiaeieia?y, iiaeae? oa iaoiaee, ui
aeei?enoiaothoueny i?e ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? i?aei?e?inoa. Iniiaiei
?ino?oiaioa???i oaeiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ?ic?iaea aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/ieo
iiaeaeae, ieaio ei?ioei- oa aeiaaino?ieiaeo ae?e i?aei?e?inoaa,
aenia?oii? nenoaie aeey aiae?co ?eieiaeo oiia.

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aeoe?iia?ia oiaa?enoai cae?eoiai oeio “AICEI”
(AOCO “AICEI”) c i?noa Aicianainueea Ieeiea?anueei? iaeano?. “AICEI” —
i?aei?e?inoai ii ae?iaieoeoao oe??e, yea ?icii/aei naith ae?yeuei?noue c
1978 ?ieo ? niaoe?ae?co?oueny ia ae?iaieoeoa? o?iiiai? oe??e aeey
acoooy.

Oai?aoe/ia oa iaoiaeieia?/ia iniiaa aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaathoue a oiio,
ui aeey ae??oaiiy iai?/aieo caaea/ aeei?enoaia iiaeaeue ooieoe?iioaaiiy
i?aei?e?inoaa (ia’?aeiaiiy), yea a?oioo?oueny ia aeei?enoaii? iaoiae?a
nenoaiiiai aiae?co. Aeei?enoai? oaeiae iaoiaee iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co
aeey ?ic?iaee iiaeae? ioe?iee e oi?aae?iiy aoaeoeai?noth
?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? oa iaoiaee ooo/iiai ?ioaeaeoo. I?e ae??oaii? iai?/aieo
caaea/ aeei?enoiaoaaeeny ?acoeueoaoe oai??? i?eeiyooy ??oaiue,
iiaeaethaaiiy oa i?ia?aioaaiiy, aeinyaiaiiy no/anieo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo
oaoiieia?e, a oaeiae iaoa??aee, iioae?eiaai? o i?aoeyo: Iiena?aa I.I.,
Iini?eiaa A.N., Iaoeine? Aeaei?aeae?y, Ackoff Russell L., Anthony Robert
N., Bower Joseph L., Chandler Alfred, Lawrence Paul R., Lorch Jay W.,
Porter Michael E., Simon Herbert A. oa ?ic?iaee Oe?a?inueeiai oeaio?o
i?neyi?eaaoecaoe?eii? i?aeo?eiee i?aei?e?inoa (OOeIII).

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? o oaeeo iieiaeaiiyo:

— noi?ioeueiaaia nooi?noue oa caaea/? ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? i?aei?e?inoaa;

— ?ic?iaeaia ocaaaeueiaia aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue nenoaiiiai
aiae?co ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa;

— aia?oa ?ic?iaeaii iiaeaeue ioe?iee ? oi?aae?iiy aoaeoeai?noth
?ano?oeoo?ecaoe??;

— aecia/ai? i?aeoiaee aei ?ic?iaee oaoiieia?? ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe??
i?aei?e?inoaa;

— aia?oa ?ic?iaeaia aenia?oia nenoaia aeey aiae?co ?eieiaeo oiia
ooieoe?iioaaiiy i?aei?e?inoaa a ?eieiaeo oiiaao oa ia?iaee ia?eaoeiaiai?
?ioi?iaoe??;

— cae?eniaia aaeaioaoe?y i?aeoiae?a aei aeei?enoaiiy no/anieo
?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e aeey ae??oaiiy caaaeaiue ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe??
i?aei?e?inoaa;

— aecia/aia oi?iae?ciaaia noaia i?ioeano i?eeiyooy ??oaiue.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a oiio, ui ia iniia?
iiaeaeueieo oa ia?eaoeiaiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue cae?eniaia ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?y
AOCO “AICEI”, yea caaacia/eea noaa?eueia ? i?eaooeiaa ooieoe?iioaaiiy
ia’?aeiaiiy. I?e oeueiio aeeiiaiee eiiieaeniee aiae?c ae?yeueiino?
i?aei?e?inoaa, aiae?c oaoi?/ieo ? oaoiieia?/ieo iiaeeeainoae
i?aei?e?inoaa aeey i?iaaaeaiiy ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe??, ?ic?iaeaia oaoiieia?y
?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? o??ie oa eiiieaen aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae aeey
iaa?oiooaaiiy caoiae?a c ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe??, ?ic?iaeaiee ieai ei?ioei- ?
aeiaaino?ieiaeo caoiae?a aeey i?aei?e?inoaa ? o?iainiaee ieai,
iaeaaiaeaeaia nenoaia ia?eaoeiao, caaacia/aia ?aae?caoe?y iiai?
aeeno?ea’thoi?nueei? iie?oeee ia oe?eueiaeo ?eieao, iaeaaiaeaeai?
ca’ycee c iinoa/aeueieeaie ia iiaeo canaaeao.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ai?iaaaeaeai? a aeoe?iia?iiio oiaa?enoa?
cae?eoiai oeio “AICEI” (aeia?aeea ? E-01/12 a?ae 11.04.97 ?.) oa ia AOCO
“Oe?aiae?oi?eeaae” (aeia?aeea ?5/1 a?ae 12.01.1999 ?.).

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??.

Iniiai? iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?eieo aeine?aeaeaiue aeiiia?aeaeeny oa
iaaiai?thaaeeny ia oaeeo i?aeia?iaeieo iaoeiaeo nai?ia?ao:

1. “?aa?iiaeueia aeiiii?ea: iaoai?cie caeo/aiiy ?iaanoeoe?e” (Ee?a,
1997, ethoee, 3);

2. Workshop on “Post-Privatization Issues I CEE” (May 19-20, 1995,
Tallinn, Estonia);

3. WB Expert Group Forum “The Role of Local Governments in Private
Sector Development : Attracting Strategic Investors and
Post-Privatization Restructuring” (October 24-26, 1995, Vladimir,
Russian Federation);

4. USAID Enterprise Restructure Workshop (Kiev, Ukraine, November 14-16,
1996).

5. “Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie i?eaaoecaoe?? a Oe?a?i? a 1999 ?ioe?” (Ee?a,
1999, ea?oaiue, 22).

6. ?O Ui??/ia aenoaaea. I?aeia?iaeia eiioa?aioe?y. ?eiie eai?oaeo
Oe?a?ie — 99. Aeieeaae — “O?ainoi?iaoe?y a?cian-i?aai?caoe?e a e?a?iao c
ia?ao?aeiith aeiiii?eith: i?eeeaae Oe?a?ie”.

Ioae?eaoe??.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy iioae?eiaai? a oanoe iaoeiaeo ?iaioao
(aea? ?iaioe o ni?aaaoi?noa?) caaaeueiei ianyaii 5,8 ae?oeiaaieo a?eooa.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya ?iaioe.

Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, o?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a,
nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae (83 iaeiaioaaiue), ia?aoiao? 148 noi??iie
ae?oeiaaiiai oaenoo, 12 ?ethno?aoe?e (?enoie?a), 2 oaaeeoe?, ia? o?e
aeiaeaoee.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe?EII? ?IAIOE

O Anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeena?oaoe??, noi?ioeueiaaii
iaoo ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy, iieacaii iaoeiao iiaecio oa i?aeoe/ia
cia/aiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

O ?icae?e? 1 — “Canaaee oa ia?aaeoiiae ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? i?aei?e?inoaa”
i?aei?/aii, i ci?ie no?oeoo?e ae?iaieoeoaa, ?icaeoie oaoiieia?e, ci?ia
i?aeaaeocaaeo a?aeiinei, cieaeaiiy cao?ao ia iaeeieoeth i?iaeoeoe??,
aeei?enoaiiy iiaeo iaoa??ae?a, oaiaeaioe?? ia ?eieao oa a?aeiia?aei?
iiaeeeaino? caooo i?iaeoeoe?? a oiiaao iaieio/i? eiieo?aioe??, ?icaeoie
i?aeia?iaeii? oi?a?ae? ?iaeyoue ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?th i?aei?e?inoaa
iaiao?aeiith. Ca oaeeo ianoaaei ?aaoethth/a ?ieue aea?aeaae oa ?ieue
iaiaaeaeiaioo i?aei?e?inoaa ci?iththoueny. Aeiiii?ea ia?ao?aeiiai
ia??iaeo noai?th? aeiaeaoeia? neeaaei? oiiae ooieoe?iioaaiiy
i?aei?e?inoaa.

Aieiaieie ooieoe?iiaeueieie iai?yieaie caaacia/aiiy ae?yeueiino?
i?aei?e?inoa ?: ia?eaoeia, o?iainiaa ae?yeuei?noue, ae?iaieoeoai,
oi?aae?iiy, iaoeia? aeine?aeaeaiiy, aeei?enoaiiy o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a.

?aoi?ia ia i?aei?e?inoa? ? iaa?ae’?iiith /anoeiith caaaeueii?
iae?iaeiiii?/ii? ?aoi?ie ? ia?aaeoiiaith ?icaeoeo i?eaaoiiai naeoi?a, a
oaeiae oi?ioaaiiy eiieo?aioini?iiiaeii? aeiiii?ee. Iaoith ?aoi?ie ?
caaacia/aiiy ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa ye i?eaooeiaeo eiiiai?e, ye?
caeaoi? eiieo?oaaoe ia aioo??oiueiio oa ciai?oiueiio ?eieao. O oeeo
oiiaao i?aei?e?inoaai iaiao?aeii aeaoaeueii i?iaiae?coaaoe no?aoaa?th
nai?? ae?yeueiino?, oi?io aeaniino?, ei?ii?aoeaio no?oeoo?o, noeeue
oi?aae?iiy, o?iainiao no?oeoo?o oa ?io? eeth/ia? ieoaiiy oi?aae?iiy.

Aeey aecia/aiiy iiaeeeainoae aoiaeo i?aei?e?inoaa a ?eieiao nenoaio oa
aeione ia ?eiie eiieo?aioini?iiiaeii? i?iaeoeoe?? ia iioi/iee iiiaio ?
ia ia?niaeoeao iaiao?aeii iiaeaethaaoe iniiai? iai?yiee ooieoe?iioaaiiy
i?aei?e?inoaa ia ei?ioeino?ieiao oa aeiaaino?ieiao ia?niaeoeao.

Aieiai? iai?yiee ae?yeueiino? o??ie aecia/a? no?aoaa?y ?? a?ciano.
No?aoaa??th ? iai??eiaaiee iiooe, aiae?c oa ?ic?iaea ieaio ae?e, ye?
aoaeooue ?icaeaaoe eiieo?aioi? ia?aaaae o a?aeiia?aeiiio a?cian? oa
ca?eueooaaoe ?o. Aeey aoaeue-yei? eiiiai?? oeei iiooeii ? iino?eiee
i?ioean, ui ii/eia?oueny c aecia/aiiy: aea ae ?, oa ui ae ia?oa ca?ac,
ooi ? aaoeie iaeiaaacia/i?oeie eiieo?aioaie, ??cieoey i?ae aaie oa
aaoeie eiieo?aioaie ? aacith aeey aaoeo eiieo?aioieo ia?aaaa.

Ioe?ieoe eiieo?aioi? ia?aaaae oa oeyoe ?o ia?iuoaaiiy iiaeia eeoa a
?acoeueoao? aiae?co i?aaeiaoii? aaeoc?. I?e oeueiio ioe?ith?oueny
oaoiieia?/iee ??aaiue oa noai iaeaaeiaiiy, eaae?iaee neeaae
i?aoethth/eo, iayai?noue ?ano?n?a oa eiioi?eaoe??, aaia?ao?/ia
?ici?uaiiy o??ie, aeaea?aea ne?iaeie, ??aaiue iaiaaeaeiaioo oiui.

Aiae?c no?aoaa?/iiai iai?yieo ae?yeueiino? o??ie, iaaeieeoiueiai
na?aaeiaeua, oa?aeoa?enoee ae?iaieoeoaa, neeueieo oa neaaeeo eiai
noi??i, eaae?iaeo ?ano?n?a, no?oeoo?e i?eaooe?a, ia?niaeoea ?inoo
?aae?caoe?? i?iaeoeoo c a?aooaaiiyi naciiiino? i?iaeaaeo, iinoa/aiiy
ne?iaeie oa eiiieaeooth/eo iieaco?, ui aeey “AICEI” caaacia/ai? an?
oiiae aeey noaa?eueii?, i?eaooeiai? ae?yeueiino? o??ie i?ney ??
?ano?oeoo?ecaoe??.

Aa??aioe ia?niaeoea ?icaeoeo i?aei?e?inoaa iiaeia aecia/eoe ca oaeeie
iai?yiaie:

i?aei?e?inoai aoaea ?icoe?thaaoe na?e a?cian, i?inoaath/enue ia iia?
?eiee;

i?aei?e?inoai aoaea noaa?eueii i?aoethaaoe ? oni?oii eiieo?oaaoe ia
inai?ieo ?eieao;

i?aei?e?inoai aoaea cai?oaoe naith ae?yeuei?noue /e aoaea iiaeeiooa
?ioei i?aei?e?inoaii.

A?aeiia?ae? ia oe? ieoaiiy iio?aaothoue ae/a?iiiai aiae?co oa ioe?iee
iayaiino? ?ano?n?a ? aoaeoeaiino? ca aieiaieie ooieoe?iiaeueieie
iai?yiaie ae?yeueiino?.

Eiie?aoiee aiae?c ia? aieiaio iaoo — ioe?ieoe eiieo?aioio caeaoi?noue
i?aei?e?inoaa a eiie?aoieo oiiaao ? iiaeeea?noue eiai noaa?eueii? ?iaioe
oa ?icaeoeo.

Iniiai? iaoiaee aiae?co: ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c eiieo?aioii? caeaoiino?
i?aei?e?inoaa; ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c ?ici?uaiiy i?aei?e?inoaa a aaeoc?;
iayai?noue ?ano?n?a; aeeoo?aee oeeee aaeoc? oiui.

Aiae?c iaaaaeaieo oaeoi??a aeicaiey? c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i ia?niaeoeae
?icaeoeo i?aei?e?inoaa.

A iniiao iaiaaeaeiaioo, oi?aae?iiy oaoiieia?/ieie i?ioeanaie, neeaaeaiiy
ieai?a ei?ioei- oa aeiaaino?ieiaeo ae?e iieeaaeaii aeei?enoaiiy no/anieo
?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e. O i?aoe? i?aaenoaaeai? aeanyoue i?ia?ai
?ic?aooieo o?iainiaiai ieaio (aeiaeaoie A), ui aeeiiai? c aeei?enoaiiyi
iaeaoo Microsoft EXCEL.

O ?icae?e? 2 — “Iiaeaethaaiiy, ?ioaeaeooae?caoe?y oa oaoiieia?y
i?ioeano ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? i?aei?e?inoaa” ?icaeyiooi iaoiaee oa iiaeae?,
ui canoiniaothoueny i?e ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? i?aei?e?inoaa.
Aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue, yea a?oioo?oueny ia aeei?enoaii?
iaoiae?a nenoaiiiai aiae?co, iieno? ?iaioo o??ie, ui ia? o nai?io
neeaae? N ae?iaiee?a iaeiioeiii? i?iaeoeoe?? aai o???, yea ae?iaey? N
naiino?eieo aeae?a i?iaeoeoe??. Oe?e? ae?iaiee?a (fi) oa o??ie (F)
iienothoueny aaeoi?iei e?eoa???i fi(xi)?max; F (y1, y2, … yn) ? max,
aea xi — ?ano?n, yeee ia?aaoaa? o iiaiiio ?icii?yaeaeaii? ?-ai
ae?iaieea, y? — ?ano?n, yeee ?-oee ae?iaiee aeae?ey? aeey aeinyaiaiiy
iaoe.

Ooieoe?? fi oa F aecia/athoue ianya i?iaeoeoe??, ui ae?iaey?oueny.
Ca?aeii c oai?aiith Aa?iaea?a-Aioaey, yeui fi oa F ? iiiioiiii
c?inoath/eie ooieoe?yie nai?o a?aoiaio?a, oi nenoaia ia? noaa?eueia
ae??oaiiy, yea aecia/a? aoaeoeaio ?iaioo o??ie. Ae?iaie/a ooieoe?y (??)
ae?iaiee?a ai?ieneio?oueny ooieoe??th Eiaaa-Aeoaeana:

?? = a1 xki Li 1-ki , aea a1 oa e? — eiao?oe??ioe ?aa?an??, L? — /enei
i?aoethth/eo. I?eaooie ?-ai ae?iaieea (Ji) aecia/a?oueny J? =N? ?? — w?
L? ,

aea N? — oe?ia iaeeieoe? i?iaeoeoo, yeee aeaioiaey?oueny; w? — na?aaeiy
ca?ieaoa. Ea??aieoeoai o??ie ?iciiae?ey? ?ano?ne i?ae ae?iaieeaie oaeei
/eiii uia iaenei?coaaoe i?eaooie o??ie.

Iaeiei ?c cania?a aieeao oeaio?o ia ae?? ae?iaieea iiaea aooe ?ano?n,
ui ia?aaoaa? o ?icii?yaeaeaii? iaiaaeaeiaioo ? aeo?a/a?oueny ia
noai?aiiy iniiaieo oiiae?a (E?) ae?iaiee?a. Io?eiaaoe a nai?
?icii?yaeaeaiiy ?ano?n E?, ae?iaiee aeaioiaeoue i?ioyaii ieaiiaiai
ia??iaeo oaeo i?iaeoeoe?th:

?? = a?( o? + E?)e? L1-e?

Caaea/ath iaiaaeaeiaioo — caaea/ath ieaioaaiiy — ? oaeee ?iciiae?e
?ano?no:

N

E = ? E?,

?=1

yeee ae iaenei?coaaa ooieoe?th

?= J (P1, P2…,) ? max.

Ia iiaeae? aecia/athoueny: ?iciiae?e ?ano?n?a ea??aieoeoaii,
iioeiaeueia e?euee?noue i?aoethth/eo oa iioeiaeueia no?aoaa?y o??ie a
i?aai?caoe?? ae?iaieoeoaa.

O ?iaio? oaeiae aeine?aeaeaia iiaeaeue ioe?iee aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino?
oi?aae?iiy o??iith ia i?aenoaa? aeei?enoaiiy aia?aoo aei??thaaieo ca
Eaaaaii ooieoe?e. C?iaeaii aeniiaie i?i aeioe?euei?noue aeei?enoaiiy a
iaiaaeaeiaio? i?aaio eiio?ieth aoaeoeaiino? nenoaie oi?aae?iiy (IEANO).

Ia?eaoeiaiaa ?ioi?iaoe?y caeia? iaaecae/aeia aaaeeeaa i?noea a ?iaio?
i?aei?e?inoaa i?ney eiai ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe??. Oiio ?ic?iaeaia aenia?oia
nenoaia, ui aeeiio? iii?oi?eia ia?eaoeiaiai? ?ioi?iaoe??. ?? iniiaia
i?ecia/aiiy — ca?? oa nenoaiaoecaoe?y ia?eaoeiaiai? ?ioi?iaoe??, ??
ia?iaea oa aiae?c. Aaca ciaiue AN i?aai?ciaaia ca ???a?o?/iei i?eioeeiii
c aeei?enoaiiyi o?aeiiai? no?oeoo?e. Ia aa?oiueiio ??ai? ?ici?uaiee
?aceaeaioiee o?aei (?en.1),

?aceaeaioiee o?aei

Neioe — ?ici?uaiiy iaeanoae iieno

Ae?iaieoeoai oe??e oa acoooy EAO 1 Ae?iaieee oe??e EAO 2 No?oeoo?a
oa ianyae i?iaeaaeo EAO 3 Ieai ia?eaoeiao EAO 4 Oe?ie EAO 5
Oe?eueia? ?eiee EAO 6

?en.1. ?aceaeaioiee o?aei

yeee a?aeia?aaea? iaeano? aecia/aiiy ciaiue. Oe? iaeano?
a?ae??ciythoueny eeth/aie EAO?, aea ? — iacaa iaeano?. Iniiaieie
iaeanoyie iieno AC ?:

ae?iaieoeoai oe??e oa acoooy; ae?iaieee oe??e; no?oeoo?a oa ianya
i?iaeaae; ieai ia?eaoeiao; oe?ie; oe?eueia? ?eiee.

Ia ae?oaiio ??ai? ?ici?uai? o?aeie-iiene iaeanoae. Aeey i?eeeaaeo, ia
?en.2 iaaaaeaia no?oeoo?a o?aeia “Ieai ia?eaoeiao”:

O?aei ae?oaiai ??aiy: ieai ia?eaoeiao

Neioe: aeai? ii ?ieao

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

?iee Oaiie ??/iiai cieaeaiiy ?aae?ciaaii? i?iaeoeoe?? Caaaioaaeaiiy
ae?iaie/eo iiooaeiinoae *enoee i?eao-oie Na?aaeiy oe?ia ia o?iiiao
oe??o Iiiaieeaoo?a i?iaeoe-oe?? E?euee?noue ?aae?ciaaii? i?iaeoeoe??

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

1996 -3% 72% $543 $14,9/i2 70% o?iio 1.92iei/i2

1997 — — — $ 15,4/i2 ? 1,68iei/i2

1998 +25% 90% $ 5, 26 iei. $ 15,4/i2 30% 1,64iei/i2

1999 0% 90% $ 5, 26 iei. $ 15,4/i2 aaoaeo 1,57iei/i2

?en.2. No?oeoo?a o?aeia “Ieai ia?eaoeiao”

I?e iiaoaeia? nenoaie i?iaeoeoe?e aeieo eia?/iiai aeaiaeo ne?ae
a?aoiaoaaoe, ui aieiai? ooieoe?? ia?iaee ia?eaoeiaiai? ?ioi?iaoe??
iia’ycai? c ii??aiyeueiei aiae?cii nai?o aeaieo oa aeaieo eiieo?aio?a.
Oiio ?acoeueoaoe iiaeooue aooe io?eiai? c aeei?enoaiiyi
i?aaee-i?iaeoeoe?e aeaeo:

IF {A1, B1, A2, B2,…A?, A?,…, AnBn} THEN W1 ELSE W2,

aea Ai — oa?ie aeaeo

a? < a? aai a? = a? Bi - ca’ycee aeaeo: bi = true, bi = false; aeec’thieoe?y ? , eii’thieoe?y ?; W1, W2 - eia?/iee aeniiaie, yeee aeaea?oueny iaiaaeaea?o c ia?eaoeiao. Oae, yeui aeey an?o ? aeeiiothoueny oiiae ai > ai; bi = true, aee a? ? bi — oa?aeoa?enoeee o??ie, ui
aiae?co?oueny, a ai oa bi — oa?aeoa?enoeee eiieo?aioa, oiaoi aeniiaie —
ia ei?enoue o??ie, yea aiae?co?oueny, oa ?? eiieo?aioieo ia?aaaa. sseui
aeey aeayeeo iiia??a ? oe? oiiae ia aeeiiothoueny, oi ne?ae caeeoeoe
a?aeiia?aeiee naeoi? ?eieo aai i?eeiyoe caoiaee ii oaeineiiaeaiith
i?iaeoeoo oa ci?i? no?aoaa?? ?iaioe ia aeaiiio ?eieo.

A ?iaio? ?ic?iaeaii ?ioi?iaoe?eio iiaeaeue i?ioeano ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe??,
ui i?eioeeiiai i?aaenoaaey? ?? oaoiieia?th i?iaaaeaiiy (?en.3).

?en.3. ?ioi?iaoe?eia iiaeaeue i?ioeano ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? i?aei?e?inoaa

O aeena?oaoe?? ?ice?eoi ci?no aeie?a aeaii? iiaeae?.

O ?icae?e? 3 — “I?eeeaaei? aniaeoe ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? i?aei?e?inoaa”
iaaaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iaoiaeieia?/ieo oa
?ino?oiaioaeueieo ?ic?iaie ia i?eeeaae? AOCO “AICEI”.

O?iainiaa neooaoe?y ia “AICEI” noaa?eueia, ? iiceoeaiee aeina?ae
aeieaoe aaie?anueeeo iicee. “AICEI” ia ia? aeiaaino?ieiai?
caai?aiaaiino?, ia?aia? aeoeae neeaaeathoue 9,8 iei. aeiea??a NOA.
“AICEI” ia? aeinoaoiuei aenieee eiao?oe??io ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeanieo oa
ca?iieo cania?a, oaeiae iecuee? iaeeaaei? aeo?aoe, eiao?oe??io aaeiaiai
i?eaooeo aeuee ca na?aaei?e i?aeia?iaeiee o aeai?e aaeoc?. AOCO “AICEI”
? caniiaieeii oa /anoeiaei o/anieeii ia?aae? aei/??i?o oa ni?eueieo
i?aei?e?inoa o e?eueeino? 26 iaeeieoeue ? i?iaaaeeoue aei?noeee
iii?oi?eia ?oiuei? ae?yeueiino?. Ie?aii iiaeia aeae?eeoe noai?aia
ni?eueii c ?oae?eoeyie i?aei?e?inoai “AE?CA” (“AICEI” ia? 51%).

I?ney i?eaaoecaoe?? aoea ??cei ci?iaia no?aoaa?y oi?aae?iiy.

?icaeyioo? ?eieiaa ioi/aiiy, no?oeoo?a aeo?ao, i?iaeoeoe?y, ui
aeionea?oueny a ia’?aeiaii? oa no?oeoo?a i?iaeaaeo. C ii/aoeo 90-o ?ie?a
na?oiaa ae?iaieoeoai acoooy c?inei ia 30%, i?iaiico?oueny i?aeaeuaiiy
ae?iaieoeoaa acoooy aei e?ioey aeanyoee?ooy aei 12 ie?ae. ia? ia ??e, ui
noaiiaeoue ui??/ia ca?eueoaiiy ae?iaieoeoaa acoooy ia 3,25% i?ioyaii
ianooiieo 5 ?ie?a. Ca?ac o Cao?aei?e ?a?ii? ae?iaey?oueny 10% na?oiaiai
ia’?io ae?iaieoeoaa acoooy ? oeae ?eiie noa? oe?eueiaei aeey “AICEI”.
I?e oeueiio ?eiie ?in?? i?eaa?oa? oaaao nai?ie ?ici??aie ? ?
ia?niaeoeaiei.

O ae?iaieoeoa? a?o/eciyiiai acoooy niinoa??aa?oueny cai?ioia
oaiaeaioe?y: cae?enieeiny ??cea iaae?iiy ae?iaieoeoaa a io?oe?eii
ca?a?no?iaaiiio naeoi?? c 184 iei. ia? o 1989 ?ioe? aei 18,8 iei. ia? o
1995 ?ioe?. Iaeiae c’yaeythoueny iaaaeee? ae?iaieee acoooy, ye? 1995
?ieo aeaioiaeee 7 iei. ia? acoooy ? ca?eueooaaoeiooue nai? ae?iaieoeoai.

A Oe?a?i? io?oe?eii ca?a?no?iaaii 21 i?aei?e?inoai-ae?iaiee
iaoo?aeueieo oe??, oa eeoa “AICEI” ? 5 ?ioeo i?aei?e?inoa (o i?noao:
Oa?eia?, Aa?aee/aa?, Eueaia?, Ee?a?, ?aaii-O?aie?anueeo) aieiae?thoue
no/aniei iaeaaeiaiiyi, oaoiieia??th ? ni?iiiaei? caeieaoe aaaee?
aeiiii?/i? oiiae oa caaeiaieueieoe iiieo niiaeeaa/?a.

?a?iiaenueeee ?eiie neeaaeiee o eiieo?aioiiio a?aeiioaii?, noeeueiee
aei oaeaeeiieeiiiai aieeao iiaee, aea “AICEI” caeaoia i?iieeiooe ia
oeae ?eiie oa io?eioaaoe i?eaooie. *anoea aenii?oo a caaaeueiiio ia’?i?
i?iaeaaeo eiiiai?? iino?eii i?aeaeuo?oueny ? a ia?niaeoea? ia?
aeinyaiooe ni?aa?aeiioaiiy 50/50 (?en.4). Iniiaieie niiaeeaa/aie
i?iaeoeoe?? “AICEI” a Oe?a?i? ? acooo?a? oaa?eee (?o iae?/o?oueny a?ey
50) oa iiainoai?ai? eiia?oe?ei? no?oeoo?e, aiie niiaeeaathoue
iecueeini?oio (a?eueo aeaoaao) /anoeio i?iaeoeoe??. Ca inoaii? ?iee
eiiiai?y cia/ii ca?eueoeea naith i?enooi?noue ia ciai?oi?o ?eieao, ia?o
ca ana a ?oae??, NOA, ?niai??, Aano???, Neiaa//ei?, Iieaeia?, ?in?? oa
?ioeo (aeea. ?en.5)

?en.4.Aeiai?ea no?oeoo?e i?iaeaaeo iaoo?aeueieo oe?? eiiiai??

?en. 5. Aeeiai?ea no?oeoo?e aenii?oo iaoo?aeueii? oe??e

?ic?aooieiaa iio?aaa o oe??? a Oe?a?i? noaiiaeoue 30 iei. i2 ia ??e.
Ae?iaieoeoai oe??e a Oe?a?i? 1995 ?ieo noaiiaeei eeoa 4,3 iei. i2 ( c
ieo “AICEI” — 2,15 iei. i2). Aeey 5 iaea?eueoeo a?o/eciyieo ae?iaiee?a
oe??e o 1995 ?ioe? a ii??aiyii? c 1994 ?ieii niaae ae?iaieoeoaa neeaa
64%, oeae iieaciee aeey “AICEI” neeaa 30%. Iacaaaeath/e ia o?eaaeee
niaae ianya?a ae?iaieoeoaa, o oe??yi?e i?iieneiaino? iai?oeany ?yae
oaiaeaioe?e ni?yiiaaieo ia ca?eueoaiiy ?eie?a Oe?a?ie oa NIAe.

Aeey caaacia/aiiy i?iaeai caooo oa caaacia/aiiy ne?iaeiith “AICEI”
noai?eei a ?aae?on? 500 ei a?ae Aicianainueea iiiaae 20 iaaaeeeeo
i?aei?e?inoa, aieiaieie caaaeaiiyie yeeo ? caaio?aey ne?iaeie oa
i?iaeaae acoooy, yea io?eio?oueny a yeino? iieaoe ca oe??o c-ca
ei?aeiio. sseui aioo??oi? niiaeeaa/? eoiothoue oe??yi? i?iaeoeoe
aaciina?aaeiuei ia “AICEI”, oi ?iaioa ia ciai?oi?o ?eieao
cae?enith?oueny aieiaiei /eiii /a?ac iina?aaeiee?a.

Aieiai? /eiieee, ye? aecia/athoue i?e?iaeo eiieo?aioe?? ia
oe?a?inueeiio ?eieo oa ?eieao NIAe — oea caeaoi?noue “AICEI”:

ea?oaaoe aeo?aoaie ia ae?iaieoeoai i?iaeoeoe??;

iaaeaaaoe niiaeeaa/aa? oe?ieee ani?oeiaio aenieiye?nieo i?iaeoeo?a;

ea?oaaoe iai?ioiei eai?oaeii;

i?aeo?eioaaoe a?aeiineie c a?o/eciyieie ae?iaieeaie acoooy oa i?iieeaoe
ia i?aeia?iaei? ?eiee.

Iniiai? iai?yie, ui aecia/athoue i?e?iaeo eiieo?aioe?? ia ?a?iiaenueeeo
?eieao — oea caeaoi?noue “AICEI”:

oo?eioaaoe oe?io i?iaeoeoe?? ia iecueeiio ??ai?;

iaaeaaaoe niiaeeaa/aa? oe?ieee ani?oeiaio aenieiye?nieo i?iaeoeo?a;

anoaiiaethaaoe oa i?aeo?eioaaoe i?aeeoeueoo?i? ca’ycee c ee??ioaie;

iino?eii ooeaoe e ciaoiaeeoe iiaeo ee??io?a.

Aeiei??ii? ci?ie ia ?eieo i?ecaiaeyoue aei iaiao?aeiino? aeoeaiiai
ia?eaoeiaiaiai i?aeoiaeo, ui a?aeia?aaea?oueny o ieai? ia?eaoeiao, o
oiio /ene? ianooiaeueii? oaeoeee a ?aae?caoe?? i?iaeoeoe??, ci?i o
iiiaieeaoo?? i?iaeoeoe??, yea aeionea?oueny, ca?eueoaiiy i?iaeaaeii?
oe?ie oa iie?auaiiy ianeoaiaoaaiiy iieoioe?a.

I?ioean ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? i?aei?e?inoaa aeiaaa? i?eeiyooy neeaaeieo
oi?aae?inueeeo ??oaiue, ui noinothoueny iaiao?aeiino? i???ioaoe?? an???
ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa ia ?eieia? oiiae, i?aai?caoe?? oa ?icaeoeo
neoaeae ia?eaoeiao, oaeineiiaeaiiy iaiaaeaeiaioo, inai?iiy iiaeo ?eie?a
caooo i?iaeoeoe?? oa iinoa/aiiy ne?iaeie. Aeniiaie i?i iiaeeea?noue oa
iaiao?aei?noue iiaoaeiae aaoiiaoeciaaii? nenoaie i?aeo?eiee i?eeiyooy
??oaiue (ANI?) oa cai?iiiiiaaia iaoiaeieia?y noai?aiiy ANI?
a?oioothoueny ia ii??aiyeueiiio aiae?c? ?ioi?iaoe?eieo eiii’thoa?ieo
oaoiieia?e.

A ?iaio? aecia/ai? iniaeeaino? caaea/ i?eeiyooy ??oaiue ia a?aei?io
a?ae cae/aeieo caaea/ oa noi?ioeueiaaia oi?iae?ciaaia i?ioeaaeo?a
i?ioeano i?eeiyooy ??oaiue o aeaeyae? iine?aeiaiino? aoai?a:

1. Aecia/aiiy oaeoo aeieeiaiiy neooaoe?? i?eeiyooy ??oaiiy (NI?).

2. Oi?ioaaiiy iieno NI?.

3. Oi?ioaaiiy oe?eae, anoaiiaeaiiy ?oi?o i??i?eoao?a, e?eoa??th
iioeiaeueiino?.

4. Aecia/aiiy iiiaeeie iaiaaeaiue, ui aecia/athoue NI? oa aeai?eoi
i?eeiyooy ??oaiue.

5. Aecia/aiiy iiiaeeie aeueoa?iaoea iiaeeeaeo ??oaiue.

6. Oi?ioaaiiy iiiaeeie aeiionoeieo aeueoa?iaoea.

7. Oi?ioaaiiy i?inoi?o aeanoeainoae aeueoa?iaoea ??oaiue oa iiaoaeiaa
iaeiicia/ii? a?aeiia?aeiino? iiiaeeie aeiionoeieo aeueoa?iaoea ia
i?ino?? aeanoeainoae.

8. Caaaeaiiy ooieoe?e ia?aaaa ca aeanieie e?eoa??yie i?e aeai?? ??oaiiy
(ioe?ioe? aeueoa?iaoea).

9. Aea?? ??oaiiy ca?aeii c e?eoa???i iioeiaeueiino?.

10. Caoaa?aeaeaiiy aa??aioo ??oaiiy.

11. ?aae?caoe?y aa??aioo ??oaiiy.

Iieacieee, io?eiai? a ?acoeueoao? ?ic?aooieo o?iainiaiai ieaio,
iieacothoue, ui ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?y aeicaieeea io?eiaoe iiceoeai?
?acoeueoaoe: eiiiai?y i?aoeth? noaa?eueii ? i?eaooeiai, oni?oii inaith?
iia? ?eiee, /enoee i?eaooie eiiiai?? aecia/a?oueny a ianyc?:

ia 01.01.1994 ?. — 4,835 iei. aeiea??a NOA;

ia 01.01.1995 ?. — 6,074 iei. aeiea??a NOA;

ia 01.01.1996 ?. — 6,346 iei. aeiea??a NOA;

ia 01.01.1997 ?. — 6,889 iei. aeiea??a NOA.

Oae? iieacieee aiaaiaii cia?aaeothoue oni?oi?noue i?iaaaeaii?
?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? o??ie “AICEI”.

Aeniiaee

A ?iaio? aeine?aeaeai? i?iaeaie aeei?enoaiiy niieo/aieo a ?aeeio nenoaio
iaoiae?a nenoaiiiai aiae?co, aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy,
aenia?oieo nenoai, no/anieo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e oa iiaeeeainoae
eiii’thoa?ii? oaoi?ee i?e ae??oaii? caaea/ ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe??
i?aei?e?inoaa oa eiai i?neyi?eaaoecaoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? a ?eieiaeo
oiiaao c iaoith aeoiaeo c e?eciaiai noaiiaeua oeyoii noaa?e?caoe?? eiai
?iaioe ? iiaeaeueoiai oni?oiiai ?icaeoeo. Oi?ioaaiiy ? ?aae?caoe?y ca
aeiiiiiaith cacia/aieo iaoiae?a ? cania?a i?ia?ai ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? oa
iiaeaeueoi? ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa aeicaieythoue i?aeaeueoe ??aaiue
?o iaa?oiooaaiiy ? aoaeoeai?noue oi?aae?iiy i?ioeanaie aeinyaiaiiy
iinoaaeaieo oe?eae. Aeey i?aeaeuaiiy ?ie? oeeo iaoiae?a ? cania?a o
iaoeiaiio iaa?oiooaaii? aeiiii?/ieo, i?aai?caoe?eieo oa oaoiieia?/ieo
??oaiue iaiao?aeii caaacia/eoe ?o “aaoaeiaoaaiiy” a nenoaio oi?aae?iiy
i?ioeanii ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe??. Ae?eiaei caniaii aeey oeueiai ? no/ani?
?ioi?iaoe?ei? oaoiieia?? oa eiii’thoa?i? nenoaie ?ioaeaeooae?caoe??
i?ioeano i?aeo?eiee i?eeiyooy oi?aae?inueeeo ??oaiue. Aeoiaey/e c
aeeeaaeaiiai, a aeena?oaoe?? io?eiai? oae? iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe.

1. ?ice?eoa nooi?noue, noi?ioeueiaai? iniiai? caaea/? oa aecia/ai?
iniiai? iai?yie ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? i?aei?e?inoaa.Noi?ioeueiaai? iniiai?
i?eioeeie aecia/aiiy no?aoaa?? a a?cian? a oiiaao ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee.
Ae??oaia ieoaiiy i?aai?caoe?? aecia/aiiy ia?niaeoeaiiai ?icaeoeo
i?aei?e?inoaa ca iai?yiaie eiai ae?yeueiino?.

2. Iaa?oioiaai? iiaeeeaino? ?ioi?iaoecaoe?? i?ioeano ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe??
i?aei?e?inoaa i?e i?aai?caoe?? oi?aae?iiy ? i?iaaaeaiiy ia?eaoeiaiaeo
aeine?aeaeaiue ia iniia? no/anieo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e,
aeei?enoaiiy aac aeaieo ? ciaiue.

3. ?ic?iaeaia aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue aiae?co ae?yeueiino? o??ie
ia iniia? aeei?enoaiiy iaoiae?a nenoaiiiai aiae?co. Aeine?aeaeaiiy ia
iiaeae? aeicaieythoue aecia/eoe oiiae, ui caaacia/othoue noaa?eueio
?iaioo i?aei?e?inoaa, ?? iiaeaeueoa caa?aaeaiiy oa iniiaiee iai?yi
i?aeaeuaiiy i?eaooeiaino? i?aei?e?inoaa a ?eieiaeo oiiaao.

4. ?ic?iaeaia aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue ioe?iee ? oi?aae?iiy
aeiiii?/iith aoaeoeai?noth ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? ? ooieoe?iioaaiiy
i?aei?e?inoaa. Aeine?aeaeaiiy ia iiaeae? aeyaeee iaiao?aei?noue
iino?eiiai eiio?ieth aoaeoeaiino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy, aeey /iai aoei
cai?iiiiiaaii aaanoe a nenoaio oi?aae?iiy i?aai eiio?ieth aoaeoeaiino?
oi?aae?iiy.

5. Aeey aiae?co ?eieiaeo oiia oa aacia?a?aiiai ?o iii?oi?eiao ?ic?iaeaia
aenia?oia nenoaia, iniiaiei i?ecia/aiiyi yei? ? ca?? oa aiae?c
ia?eaoeiaiai? ?ioi?iaoe??.

6. C aeei?enoaiiyi ?ic?iaeaieo iiaeaeae, aenia?oii? nenoaie oa cania?a
no/anieo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e, ?ic?iaeai? iaoeiai-iaoiaee/i?
canaaee oa i?aeoe/i? i?iiiceoe?? uiaei noai?aiiy ? ooieoe?iioaaiiy
aaoiiaoeciaaii? nenoaie i?aeo?eiee i?eeiyooy ??oaiue noiniaii
aeiiii?/ieo oa i?aai?caoe?eieo ia?aoai?aiue ia i?aei?e?inoa?, yea iiaea
aeeiioaaoe ?ioi?iaoe?eii-?ioaeaeooaeuei? ooieoe?? oi?aae?iiy oeeie
ia?aoai?aiiyie.

7. Ia i?eeeaae? Aeoe?iia?iiai oiaa?enoaa cae?eoiai oeio “AICEI” —
e?aea?a na?aae i?aei?e?inoa Oe?a?ie c ae?iaieoeoaa oe??yii? ne?iaeie
aeey acooo?ai? i?iieneiaino?, ?ic?iaeai? i?iiiceoe?? uiaei i?aeoe/ii?
?aae?caoe?? ?ic?iaeaieo iiaeaeae, aenia?oii? nenoaie oa oaoiieia?/ii?
noaie ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? i?aei?e?inoaa a ?eieiaeo oiiaao ? aeai?
i?iiiceoe?? ai?iaaaeaeai? ia i?aeoeoe?.

Iaaaaeaii ?acoeueoaoe ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? “AICEI” a on?o iai?yiao eiai
ae?yeueiino?, aecia/aia ?? oaeoe/ia aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue oa
?ic?iaeaii ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei ia?niaeoea ?icaeoeo i?aei?e?inoaa.

Caaaeyee oeiiaino? aeeiiaieo ?ic?iaie aiie iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai?
aeey ae??oaiiy ii/aoeiaeo caaea/ noaa?e?caoe?? oa iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo
ae?iaieoeoaa ?ioeo i?aei?e?inoa oe??yii? i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie a oiiaao
?eieiaeo a?aeiinei.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe

1. Naa?oe I.E. No?oeoo?i? i?iaeaie iiaoaeiae ?ioi?iaoe?eieo nenoai
iaiaaeaeiaioo// Iaoeiia ia?iaea ?ioi?iaoe??: I?aea?ae. iaoe. ca.
Aei.60. — E.:EIAO.-1997, N.31-39 — 0,69 ae?oe.a?e.

2. Naa?oe I.E., Aooo?aa ?.A., Eaa?inueeee A.A. I?eeiyooy oi?aae?inueeeo
??oaiue a oiiaao canoinoaaiiy iiaeo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e// Iaoeiia
ia?iaea ?ioi?iaoe??. I?aea?ae. iaoe. ca. Aei.60. — E.:EIAO:-1997. N.3 —
17 — 1,0 ae?oe.a?e. (o ni?aaao.: aaoi?ii i?aeaioiaeaii 0,5 ae?oe.a?e.:
Oaoiieia?/ia iine?aeiai?noue aoai?a i?eeiyooy ??oaiue oa aa??aio
oi?iae?caoe?? oeeo aoai?a).

3. Naa?oe I.E. Iiaeaeue nenoaiiiai aiae?co ae?yeueiino? o??ie// Iaoeiia
ia?iaea ?ioi?iaoe??. I?aea?ae. iaoe. ca. Aei.62. — E.:EIAO.-1999., N.61-
67 — 0,4 ae?oe.a?e.

4. Aooo?aa ?.A., Naa?oe I.E. Aeei?enoaiiy aenia?oii? nenoaie aeey
oi?aae?iiy aaie?anueeei ?eceeii // Iaoeiia ia?iaea ?ioi?iaoe??.
I?aea?ae. iaoe. ca. Aei.62. — E.:EIAO. — 1999. N.77- 91 — 0,81
ae?oe.a?e.(o ni?aaao.: aaoi?ii i?aeaioiaeaii 0,4 ae?oe.a?e.:
iaa?oiooaaiiy neeaaeo oa no?oeoo?e aenia?oii? nenoaie, cia?aaeaii neeaae
aace ciaiue.

5. Naa?oe I.E. No?aoaa?y a a?cian?// Oe?a?inueeee ?iaanoeoe?eiee aeo?iae
WELCOME, 1997. — ? 1-2. — N. 20-22 — 0,5 ae?oe.a?e.

6. Naa?oe I.E. ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?y ae?iaieoeoaa: canaaee, ia?aaeoiiae,
iai?yie. A?ioo?a — E.: Ciaiiy, 1999. -45 n. — 2,8 ae?oe.a?e.

AIIOAOe??

Naa?oe I.E. Iiaeae? oa iaoiaee ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? i?aei?e?inoa a oiiaao
?eieiai? aeiiii?ee. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 08.03.02. — “Aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaethaaiiy”. —
Ee?anueeee iaoe?iiaeueiee aeiiii?/iee oi?aa?neoaoao. I?i?noa?noai
ina?oe Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia aiae?co oa ?ic?iaoe? oaoiieia??, iiaeaeae oa
iaoiae?a ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? i?aei?e?inoa a oiiaao ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee.
Aeine?aeaeai? ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo i?aei?e?inoa a oiiaao ?eieiaeo
a?aeiinei, aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/ia a?aeia?aaeaiiy ooieoe?iioaaiiy
i?aei?e?inoaa o neeaae? aaeoc? oa o aca?iiae?? ?c ciai?oi?i
na?aaeiaeuai, iaoiaeieia?y ioe?iee ia?niaeoea ?icaeoeo i?aei?e?inoaa.

?ic?iaeai? ?ioi?iaoe?eia iiaeaeue i?ioeano ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? oa
?ino?oiaioaeuei? caniae ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe??: iaoiaeieia?y i?eeiyooy
oi?aae?inueeeo ??oaiue a oiiaao aeei?enoaiiy no/anieo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo
oaoiieia?e; aenia?oia nenoaia aeey aiae?co ?eieiaeo oiia i?e
?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? i?aei?e?inoaa; no/ania ?ioi?iaoe?eia oaoiieia?y
?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? i?aei?e?inoa oa i?eeeaaeia i?ia?aiia caaacia/aiiy
o?iainiaiai ieaioaaiiy.

?ic?iaeai? iaoiaee oa iiaeae? aoee ?aae?ciaai? i?e ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe??
Aicianainueeiai oe??yiiai ia’?aeiaiiy “AICEI”: ?ic?iaeaii ieai ei?ioei-
oa aeiaaino?ieiaeo ae?e aeey ea??aieoeoaa o??ie, nenoaie ia?eaoeiao oa
iaiaaeaeiaioo, iieacai? ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo o??ie i?ney
?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? oa ioe?iaia aoaeoeai?noue i?iaaaeaiiy
?ano?oeoo?ecaoe??.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?y, ?eieiaa aeiiii?ea, eiieo?aioe,
eiieo?aioi? ia?aaaae, ?eiee caooo, aeiiii?/i? iiaeae?, ia?eaoeia,
no?aoaa?y.

Naa?oe A.E. “Iiaeaee e iaoiaeu ?ano?oeoo?ecaoeee i?aaei?eyoee a
oneiaeyo ?uii/iie yeiiiieee”. ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa yeiiiie/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.03.02 — yeiiiieei-iaoaiaoe/aneia
iiaeaee?iaaiea. — Eeaaneee iaoeeiiaeueiue yeiiiie/aneee oieaa?neoao,
Eeaa, 1999 a.

Enneaaeiaaiea iinayuaii aiaeeco e ?ac?aaioea iaoiaeieiaee, iiaeaeae e
iaoiaeia ?ano?oeoo?ecaoeee i?aaei?eyoee a oneiaeyo ?uii/iie yeiiiieee.

Ii?aaeaeaia nouiinoue, iauea caaea/e ?ano?oeoo?ecaoeee, a oaeaea
no?aoaaey aeciana a nia?aiaiiuo oneiaeyo. Enneaaeiaaiu ia?niaeoeau
?acaeoey i?aaei?eyoee a oneiaeyo ?uii/iuo ioiioaiee, yeiiiie/aneea
iiaeaee ioia?aaeaiey ooieoeeiie?iaaiey i?aaei?eyoee a ninoaaa io?anee e
ai acaeiinayce n aiaoiae n?aaeie, iaoiaeieiaey ioeaiee ia?niaeoea
?acaeoey i?aaei?eyoey.

?ac?aaioaiu iiaeaeueiua n?aaenoaa e eino?oiaioa?ee i?iaaaeaiey
?ano?oeoo?ecaoeee: yeiiiieei-iaoaiaoe/aneay iiaeaeue nenoaiiiai aiaeeca
aeayoaeueiinoe e ?acaeoey i?aaei?eyoey, iiaeaeue i?ioeanna oi?aaeaiey
yooaeoeaiinoueth ?ano?oeoo?ecaoeee e ooieoeeiie?iaaiey i?aaei?eyoey.

Auiieiaia aaeaioaoeey iiaeoiaeia e eniieueciaaieth nia?aiaiiuo
eioi?iaoeeiiiuo oaoiieiaee aeey ?aoaiey caaea/ ?ano?oeoo?ecaoeee
i?aaei?eyoey.

I?aaeeaaaaiay e eniieueciaaieth no?aoaaey aeciana nouanoaaiiui ia?acii
i?eaioe?iaaia ia oe?ieia eniieueciaaiea e aiaeec ia?eaoeiaiaie
eioi?iaoeee e ?aaoeyoi?ia ia?eaoeiaiauo enneaaeiaaiee. Aeey yoeo oeaeae
a ?aaioa i?aaeeiaeaii eniieueciaaoue yenia?oioth nenoaio. A
aeenna?oaoeee ?ac?aaioaia yenia?oiay nenoaia aeey ia?aaioee e aiaeeca
ia?eaoeiaiaie eioi?iaoeee i?e ?ano?oeoo?ecaoeee.

?ano?oeoo?ecaoeey i?aaei?eyoee, io?aneae e yeiiiieee i?aaenoaaeyao
niaie iiaoth iaeanoue iaoee e, oioy yoie i?iaeaia iinayuaii aieueoia
eiee/anoai ?aaio, aei eiioea iaoiaeieiaey e oaoiieiaey ?ano?oeoo?ecaoeee
ia ?ac?aaioaiu. Iiyoiio a aeenna?oaoeee aeinoaoi/iia ianoi caiyea
?ac?aaioea oaoiieiae/aneie noaiu ?ano?oeoo?ecaoeee.

A i?eeeaaeiie /anoe ?aaiou i?aaenoaaeaia oa?aeoa?enoeea iauaeoa
?ano?oeoo?ecaoeee, ?anniao?eaaaiiai a aeenna?oaoeee. I?iaaaeai aiaeec
yoeo oa?aeoa?enoee e iainiiaaia aiciiaeiinoue oniaoiie ?ano?oeoo?ecaoeee
Aicianaineiai eiaeaaaiiiai iauaaeeiaiey “AICEI”. ?ac?aaioai ieai
ei?ioei- e aeieain?i/iuo aeaenoaee aeey oi?aaeai/aneiai ia?niiaea oe?iu,
nenoaia ia?eaoeiaa e iaiaaeaeiaioa, iieacaiu ia?niaeoeau ?acaeoey oe?iu
iinea ?ano?oeoo?ecaoeee e ioeaiaia yooaeoeaiinoue i?iaaaeaiey
?ano?oeoo?ecaoeee.

A i?eeeaaeiie /anoe ?aaiou cia/eoaeueiia aieiaiea oaeaeaii
ia?eaoeiaiaui enneaaeiaaieyi, i?iaiaeeiui a iauaaeeiaiee, iieacaiu
neeueiua e neaaua noi?iiu iauaaeeiaiey e iooe i?aiaeieaiey neaainoae.
Iieacaiu eiieo?aioiua i?aeiouanoaa oe?iu e aiciiaeiinoe eo oneeaiey.
I?iaaaeai i?aeoe/aneee aiaeec ia?eaoeiaiaie neooaoeee oe?iu e iaia/aiu
ia?u ii i?aaiecaoeee iinoaaie nu?uey e nauoa aioiaie i?iaeoeoeee.
Aieueoia aieiaiea oaeaeaii i?iaeaiai inaiaiey iiauo ?uieia e
oaea?aeaieth o?aaeeoeeiiiuo ?uieia nauoa i?iaeoeoeee.

N o/aoii ?aaeueii neeaaeuaathueony ioiioaiee ?ac?aaioaiu ia?ii?eyoey ii
caiieiaieth aacu ciaiee yenia?oiie nenoaiu, ?ac?aaioaia oi?iaeeciaaiiay
noaia i?eiyoey ?aoaiee a oneiaeyo i?eiaiaiey nia?aiaiiuo eioi?iaoeeiiiuo
oaoiieiaee.

I?eaaaeaiiua a iauaaeeiaiee “AICEI” ia?ii?eyoey ii ?ano?oeoo?ecaoeee
auee oniaoiuie: noaaeeeciaaeenue iniiaiua yeiiiie/aneea iieacaoaee,
iinoiyiii aic?anoaao auione i?iaeoeoeee, i?eaueue oe?iu, ?acaeaaaony aa
nauoiaay naoue e oe?aieyaony i?enoonoaea ia ?uiea. Ana yoi nicaeaao
aeaaii?eyoiua ia?niaeoeau a ?aaioa oe?iu.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ?ano?oeoo?ecaoeey, ?uii/iay yeiiiieea, eiieo?aiou,
eiieo?aioiua i?aeiouanoaa, ?uiee nauoa, yeiiiie/aneea iiaeaee,
ia?eaoeia, no?aoaaey.

O. I. Savruk. “Models and Methods of Enterprise Restructuring Under
Conditions of Market Economies.” Manuscript.

Dissertation towards the Ph.D. in Economics, specialization # 08.03.02,
“Economic-Mathematical Modeling,” Kyiv National University of Economics.

The thesis research is devoted to analysis and elaboration of
methodology, models and methods of enterprise restructuring under
conditions of market economies. Issues which have been studied include:
perspectives for enterprise development under market conditions,
economic models of enterprise activity within the sector and interaction
with the environment, and methodology for evaluating the perspectives
for enterprise development.

An information model of the restructuring process and instrumental means
of restructuring are elaborated: methodology of managerial decision
making under conditions of modern information technologies; expert
systems for analysis of market conditions during enterprise
restructuring; modern information technology for enterprise
restructuring and applied software for financial planning.

The methods and models developed were introduced during the
restructuring of the Voznesensk tannery “Vozko” which included
short-term and long-term plans for enterprise activity and marketing and
management systems. The firm’s development perspective after
restructuring was shown and restructuring effectiveness was evaluated.

Key words: restructuring, market economy, competitors, competitive
advantage, sales market, economic models, marketing strategy.

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 26.07.99?. Oi?iao 60o90/16.

Oi. ae?oe. a?e. 1,0. Iae. – aeae. A?e. 1,0.

Iaeeaae 100. Cai 299.

I.Ee?a-5, aoe.*a?aiiia?i?enueea, 57/3, e.201.

Oiaa?enoai “Ciaiiy” Oe?a?ie

Aeaeaaieoeoai oa iia?aoeaia iie?a?ao?y

227-41-23, 294-71-27

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