Ee?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?*iee

OI?AA?NEOAO AOAe?AIEOeOAA OA A?O?OAEOO?E

(EAeOOAA)

OAeE 69.003:658.5:012.2(075.8)

ai?ao?aee Aaiia aaea???aia

iiaeae? oa iaoiaee i?eeissooss ??oaiue I?E

IEAIOAAII? I?AAI?CAOe?EII-OAOIIEIAE*II?

I?AeAIOIAEE NII?OAeAEAIIss IA’?EO?A AOAe?AIEOeOAA

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 08.06.01 Aeiiii?ea i?aei?e?inoaa oa i?aai?caoe?y

ae?iaieoeoaa (oaoi?/i? iaoee)

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

EE?A — 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Ee?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao?
aoae?aieoeoaa oa a?o?oaeoo?e I?iina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee : eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Oaaae Ieeiea Ieaenaiae?iae/,

aeioeaio eaoaae?e i?aai?caoe?? oa

oi?aae?iiy aoae?aieoeoaii EAeOOAA

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe : aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,

caa?aeoth/ee eaoaae?ith aaoiiaoecaoe??

aoae?aaeueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa EAeOOAA

Aooo?a Na?a?e Aeieo?iae/

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aa?aeoth/ee

a?aeae?eii ?ioi?iaoeee oa aeieoiaioo-

aiiy iai’yoiee?a a?o?oaeoo?e Iaoe?i-

aeueiiai caiia?aeieea «Nio?y Ee?anueea»

Ianeia TH??e Ieaen?eiae/

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa : II «Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee ?inoeooo

aoae?aaeueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa», a?aeae?e

i?aai?caoe?? ae?iaieoeoaa.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny « 1 » a?oaeiy 1998 ?. i 14 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.056.03 i?e Ee?anueeiio Aea?aeaaiiio
oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? aoae?aieoeoaa ? a?o?oaeoo?e I?iina?oe Oe?a?ie ca
aae?anith : 252020 Ee?a-37, Iia?o?ioeionueeee i?iniaeo ,31.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue a a?ae?ioaoe? oi?aa?neoaoo .

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee «29» aeiaoiy 1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii?

a/aii? ?aaee ae.a.i., i?ioani?
Oaaeiniaa I.A.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Iia? aeiiii?/i? oiiae ?icaeoeo Oe?a?ie
iio?aaothoue ei??iiiai iie?ioaiiy ainiiaea?nueeiai iaoai?cio o
aoae?aieoeoa?. A no/anieo oiiaao iioe?aiiy naiino?eiino? aoae?aaeueieo
i?aai?caoe?e, ia?aoiaeo ia ocaiaeaeai? oe?ie, ?icaeoeo aca?iii?
a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? an?o o/aniee?a aoae?aieoeoaa ca ye?noue ? aa?o?noue
?ia?o, oa?i?ie ?o aeeiiaiiy i?aeaeuothoueny aeiiae aei iaa?oioiaaiino?
oa iaae?eiino? ??oaiue ieaioaaiiy i?aai?caoe?eii-oaoiieia?/ii?
i?aeaioiaee (IOI).

Cia/iei oaeoi?ii, ui aieeaa? ia ?icaeoie IOI nii?oaeaeaiiy ia’?eo?a ?
aeei?enoaiiy iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaieo iaoiae?a i?eeiyooy ??oaiue, ?ic?iaea
oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy yeeo noaei iiaeeeaei o?eueee ia iniia? eiii’thoa?ieo
nenoai oa oaoiieia?e ?ica’ycaiiy caaea/. Iaaeinoaoi?e ??aaiue ?o
aeei?enoaiiy a i?aeoeoe? ieaioaaiiy IOI noaiiaeoue iaeio c aieiaieo
i?e/ei aeniei? aa?oino? aoae?aieoeoaa, o?eaaeino? eiai oa?i?i?a,
iaiaae?eiino? aeeiiaiiy i?eeiyoeo ??oaiue, ia?aoe?iiaeueiiai
aeei?enoaiiy ?ano?n?a, ui iaaaoeaii aieeaa? ia aeiiii?/iee noai ia
o?eueee ie?aii? aoae?aaeueii? i?aai?caoe??, aea e aea?aeaae a oe?eiio.
I?eeiyooy iinoaiia Eaa?iaoo I?i?no??a Oe?a?ie ?1308 a?ae 17.08.98 ?.
«I?i ii?yaeie caoaa?aeaeaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eieo i?ia?ai oa i?iaeo?a
aoae?aieoeoaa ? i?iaaaeaiiy ?o eiiieaenii? aea?aeaaii? aenia?oece» oa
?1369 a?ae 1.09.98 ?. «I?i i?iaaaeaiiy oi?a?a (oaiaea??a) a
aoae?aieoeoa?» i?aee?aneth?, yea cia/aiiy ia aea?aeaaiiio ??ai?
i?eae?ey?oueny ieoaiith aaaaoiaa??aioii? i?i?iaee ??oaiue aoae?aieoeoaa
ia an?o aoaiao eiai aeeoo?aiai oeeeeo, ?o aaaaoie?eoa??aeueiiai aiae?co
? aeai?o. Ana oea iaa?oioiao? aaaeeea?noue iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo
iaoiae?a, ui caaacia/othoue aa??aioio i?aeaioiaeo iaae?eieo
i?aai?caoe?eii-oaoiieia?/ieo ??oaiue (IO?), oa aecia/a? aeooaeuei?noue
oaie aeena?oaoe?eieo aeine?aeaeaiue aaoi?a.

Iaoa oa caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiue. Iaoith aeaii? ?iaioe ? aeine?aeaeaiiy oa
?ic?iaea nenoaie iiaeaeae, iaoiae?a oa aeai?eoi?a i?eeiyooy aoaeoeaieo
i?aai?caoe?eii-oaoiieia?/ieo ??oaiue (IO?) nii?oaeaeaiiy ia’?eo?a
aoae?aieoeoaa ia ??cieo aoaiao eiai i?aeaioiaee.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe o ?iaio? aoee noi?ioeueiaai? oa
ae??oai? oae? caaea/?:

aeeiiaiee aiae?c no/anieo aeiia aei nenoaie ieaioaaiiy IOI
aoae?aieoeoaa;

i?iaaaeaiee aiae?c oaeoi??a, ye? aecia/athoue aaaaoiaa??aioi?noue IO?;

aeine?aeaeaia oa ?ic?iaeaia nenoaia iiaeaeae oa iaoiae?a i?eeiyooy
??oaiue IOI, yea a?aoiao? aaaaoiaa??aioi?noue oaoiieia?e oa i?aai?caoe??
aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o, noioanoe/iee oa?aeoa? aoae?aaeueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa,
??ciiiai?oi?noue oaeoi??a, ui aecia/athoue aoaeoeai?noue aoae?aieoeoaa;

aeine?aeaeai? iaoiaee ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai iieno i?aai?caoe?eii-oaoiieia?/ieo
iiaeaeae ia iniia? aeaieo ??ciiai nooiaiy aecia/aiino?;

aeine?aeaeai? i?eioeeie oa ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaee aaaaoie?eoa??aeueiiai
aiae?co oa aeai?o aoaeoeaieo ??oaiue;

?ic?iaeai? aeai?eoie ?aae?caoe?? iaoiae?a, ui i?iiiiothoueny;

i?iaaaeaia aenia?eiaioaeueia ia?aa??ea oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy io?eiaieo
?acoeueoao?a a i?aeoeoe? i?aeaioiaee aoae?aaeueieo ia’?eo?a.

Oe? caaea/? aoee ae??oai? c a?aooaaiiyi iiaeeeainoae no/anieo
eiii’thoa?ieo oaoiieia?e oa aacoaaeeny ia iieiaeaiiyo oai???
aoae?aaeueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa, oai??? i?eeiyooy ??oaiue, oai??? a?ao?a,
oai??? ?iia??iinoae, aeueoa?iaoeaiiai oa noioanoe/iiai n?oueiaiai
iiaeaethaaiiy, aaaaoie?eoa??aeueiiai aiae?co nenoai, oai???
i?aai?caoe?eii-oaoiieia?/ii? iaae?eiino? aoae?aieoeoaa.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe iieyaa? a noai?aii? nenoaie iiaeae?a oa iaoiae?a
i?eeiyooy aoaeoeaieo ??oaiue i?e ieaioaaii? IOI aoae?aieoeoaa, ui
aeicaiey? aiae?coaaoe aeueoa?iaoeae IO? a ?o aca?iica’yceo oa
aeeiai?oe? ia iniia? ?ioi?iaoe?? ??ciiai nooiaiy aecia/aiino? oa
i?iaaaeeoe iaa?oioiaaiee aaaaoie?eoa??aeueiee aea?? ?aoe?iiaeueiiai
aa??aioo c a?aooaaiiyi iaae?eiino? eiai ?aae?caoe??.

A i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiue io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe, ye? iathoue iaoeiao
iiaecio:

eeaneo?eiaai? iinoaiiaee caaea/ i?eeiyooy ??oaiue IOI ia iniia?
aeueoa?iaoeaiiai n?oueiaiai iiaeaethaaiiy;

?ic?iaeai? iiaeae? oa iaoiaee aeaoa?i?iiaaii-noioanoe/iiai
aeueoa?iaoeaiiai n?oueiaiai iiaeaethaaiiy;

?ic?iaeai? iaoiaee ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai iieno iiaeaeae oa i?eeiyooy
aoaeoeaieo ??oaiue a oiiaao iaaecia/aiino? aeaieo;

aeine?aeaeai? oeyoe oa cai?iiiiiaai? caniae cieaeaiiy ?ici??iino?
aaaaoiaa??aioiiai i?aai?caoe?eii-oaoiieia?/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy oa
i?aeaeuaiiy a??ia?aeiino? ?acoeueoao?a;

oaeineiiaeai? aiae?oe/i? iaoiaee ioe?iee iaae?eiino? IO?;

io?eiaee iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie iioei?caoe?ei? iaoiaee ae??oaiiy caaea/
eaeaiaea?iiai ieaioaaiiy ?ia?o.

Aeoaicia/ai? ?acoeueoaoe aeiinyoueny ia caoeno.

I?aeoe/ieie ?acoeueoaoaie ?iaioe ? :

iaoiaee oa aeai?eoie aaaaoie?eoa??aeueiiai i?aai?caoe?eii-oaoiieia?/iiai
iiaeaethaaiiy, aiae?co oa aeai?o IO?;

iaoiaee oa aeai?eoie iioei?caoe?? IO?;

iaoiaee oa aeai?eoie eaeaiaea?iiai ieaioaaiiy;

ae?eiaa a?a IIAeA (IIAeaethaaiiy Aeueoa?iaoeaieo ??oaiue i?aeaioiaee oa
oi?aae?iiy aoae?aieoeoaii).

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe iieyaa? a oiio, ui ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a i?aeoeeo
i?aeaioiaee aoae?aieoeoaa cai?iiiiiaaii? nenoaie iiaeaeae, iaoiae?a oa
aeai?eoi?a caaacia/eoue i?aeaeuaiiy iaa?oioiaaiino?, yeino? IO? oa
aoaeoeaiino? aoae?aieoeoaa a oe?eiio.

?aae?caoe?y ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe.Aenia?eiaioaeueia ia?aa??ea oa
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a i?iaaaeeeany i?e
i?aai?caoe?eii-oaoiieia?/iiio i?iaeooaaii? ??oaiue nii?oaeaeaiiy
ie?aieo ia’?eo?a II «IAI??AOAe» oa i?e aeai?? aa??aio?a i?aai?caoe?? oa
oaoiieia?? aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o II «?OA?AE».

Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeei?enoiaothoueny a o/aiaiio i?ioean? a
oai?aoe/i?e /anoei?, i?e i?iaaaeaii? eaai?aoi?ieo ?ia?o oa ae?eiai? a?e
IIAeA ii aeenoeeie?iao «I?aai?caoe?eii-oaoiieia?/ia iiaeaethaaiiy a
aoae?aieoeoa?», «I?iaeooaaiiy ?ioaa?iaaieo nenoai a oi?aae?ii?»,
«Aaoiiaoeciaai? nenoaie i?aeaioiaee aoae?aieoeoaa».

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue aeena?oaoe?eii?
?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeeny oa iaaiai?thaaeeny ia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo
eiioa?aioe?yo EAeOOAA (i.Ee?a, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997 ?.?.) oa ia
oaoi?/ieo ?aaeao II «?OA?AE» (i.Ee?a, 1997?.) .

Ioae?eaoe??. Ii oai? aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii aeaa’youe ?ia?o, o yeeo
aaoi?ia? iniaenoi iaeaaeeoue:

a ?iaio? [2] — eeaneo?eaoe?y neooaoe?? iiaeieaiiy eiioe?eo?a i?e
eaeaiaea?iiio ieaioaaii?.

a ?iaio? [4] — aeai?eoi ioe?iee ?eceeo aeeiiaiiy eaeaiaea?ieo ieai?a
aoae?aieoeoaa.

a ?iaio? [5] — iaoiae oa aeai?eoi iioei?caoe?? ia?aiao??a
aeaoa?i?iiaaii? n?oueiai? iiaeae? ca e?eoa???i «/an-aa?o?noue».

a ?iaio? [6] — iaoiae oa aeai?eoi iioei?caoe?? ia?aiao??a noioanoe/ii?
n?oueiai? iiaeae? ca e?eoa???i «/an-aa?o?noue».

a ?iaio? [7] — aiae?c iinoaiiaie caaea/ aaaaoie?eoa??aeueiiai aeai?o
aeueoa?iaoeaieo IO?, oaoiieia?y ae??oaiiy caaea/ IOI a oiiaao
iaaecia/aiino? aeaieo.

a ?iaio? [9] — iaoiaeeea aeei?enoaiiy iaoiaeo IA?O i?e ioe?ioe?
iaae?eiino? caieaiiaaieo ??oaiue a aoae?aieoeoa?.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio,
/ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a , aeniiae?a, aeiaeaoe?a oa nieneo aeei?enoaii?
e?oa?aoo?e. Caaaeueiee ianya iniiaiiai oaenoo 150 noi??iie, a o./. 48
?enoie?a oa 6 oaaeeoeue. Nienie aeei?enoaieo e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae
neeaaea?oueny c 93 iaeiaioaaiue.

INIIAIEE CI?NO

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe,
noi?ioeueiaai? ?? iaoa ,iniiai? caaea/?, ui ae??ooaaeeny, iaoeiaa
iiaecia oa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?acoeueoao?a. Aecia/ai? ?acoeueoaoe
?iaioe, ui aeiinyoueny ia caoeno.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? i?iaaaeaiee aiae?c no/aniiai noaio oa iai?yi?a
?icaeoeo ieaioaaiiy i?aai?caoe?eii-oaoiieia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee
nii?oaeaeaiiy ia’?eo?a aoae?aieoeoaa, yeee iieacaa, ui iaeiei c
iaea?eueo nooo?aeo aaaeae?a i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? IOI ?
aaaaoiaa??aioia i?i?iaea i?aai?caoe?eii-oaoiieia?/ieo ??oaiue. A?aeii?
i?eeeaaee aa??aioiiai i?aeoiaeo ae??oaiiy caaea/ IOI i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue,
ui io?eiaiee aoaeo cia/iee ? iaaaaaoi ia?aaeuo? aeo?aoe, ui iia’ycai? c
ai?iaaaeaeaiiyi oa aenieoaoaoe??th iiaeo iaoiae?a. A oai??? oa
i?aeoeoe? IOI aoae?aieoeoaa iaaooi iiceoeaiee aeina?ae
i?aai?caoe?eii-oaoiieia?/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy oa aa??aioiiai i?aeoiaeo aei
i?eeiyooy ??oaiue nii?oaeaeaiiy aoae?aaeueieo ia’?eo?a. Oea
i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue ?ic?iaee, ye? iaaeai? a ?iaioao Aioaiia?/thna E.I.,
Aoaianue?aa A.I., Aaae/a A.?., Aaciaeiai ?.Ae., A?eaoeueeiai
I.A.,Aooo?aa N.Ae.,Ai?iia?aa A.?.,Aieei A.O., Aieoaa E.A., Aonaeiaa
A.A., Caaei?iaa A.A., Eaioi?a?a N.?., E?aa/aiei I.O., Ieoaeeiaa A.N.,
I?oaeuena A.I.,Iiai?aeueoeaaa A.I., ?eaaeueneiai A.?., Naaeianueeiai
A.?. , Niaeoi?a I.Ae., Ooaoeueeiai N.A. oa ?ioeo a/aieo.

Oiio aeooaeueiei ? noai?aiiy nenoaie iiaeaeae oa iaoiae?a , ye? a
aeicaieeee i?iaaaeeoe aaaaoiaa??aioiee aiae?c IO? a ?o aca?iica’yceo
oa aeeiai?oe?, a?aoiaoaaoe i?e i?eeiyoo? ??oaiue ??ciiiai?oiee
niaeo? e?eoa???a aoaeoeaiino? aa??aio?a, i?eioeei?a ?o ?ioaa?aoe?? a
oiiaao ??ciiai nooiaiy aecia/aiino? ?ioi?iaoe?? .

A ?acoeueoao? aiae?co aoa c?iaeaiee aeniiaie, ui iaea?eueo iiaii
a?aeiia?aea? iinoaaeai?e caaea/? aeei?enoaiiy a iniia?
i?aai?caoe?eii-oaoiieia?/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy iaoiae?a aeueoa?iaoeaiiai
n?oueiaiai iiaeaethaaiiy. ?o iiaeeeaino? aeine?aeaeoaaeeny ia iniia?
oai?aoe/ieo ?ic?iaie, ye? iaaaaeai? a i?aoeyo I.A. A?oaiaaeueneiai,
I.I. Aeanaiei, Ae.?.Aieaiei, I.A.Eoeo?oce, N.A.E?ooeoea, N.A.
Aeiaa?aa? (S.E.Elmagraby), A.Aenia?a (H.Eisner) oa ?ioeo a/aieo.
Aaoi?ii aoea c?iaeaia eeaneo?eaoe?y iiaeeeaeo aeae?a iiaeaeae oa
iinoaiiaie caaea/ i?eeiyooy ??oaiue IOI ia ?o iniia?.

Ae?oaee ?icae?e i?enay/aiee aeine?aeaeaiith oa ?ic?iaoe? iiaeaeae oa
iaoiae?a i?eeiyooy ??oaiue ia ia?oiio aoai? ieaioaaiiy IOI (
i?aai?caoe?eii-oaoiieia?/iiio i?iaeooaaii?.

Ca?aeii c oai???th i?eeiyooy ??oaiue c ieoaiiyi aeai?o aa??aio?a
iia’ycothoueny aeaa ooiaeaiaioaeueieo iiiyooy — i?aaenoaaeaiiy iiiaeeie
aeueoa?iaoea {A} oa oi?ioaaiiy i?eioeeio aeai?o F. Oi?iaeueia
iinoaiiaea iieno?oueny ye:

[{A},F] ( A *, (1)

aea A * — i?aeiiiaeeia aea?aieo aeueoa?iaoea, yea aeeth/a? iaeei /e
a?eueoa aeaiaio?a.

Aeey ?aae?caoe?? oi?iaeueii? iinoaiiaee caaea/? (1) ?ic?iaeaia
oaoiieia?/ia noaia i?ioeano i?eeiyooy ??oaiue (?en.1).

Aiae?c aeaieo i?i ia’?eo aoae?aieoeoaa

oa oiiae i?iaaaeaiiy ?ia?o

Oi?ioaaiiy Oi?ioaaiiy
Aeaeiiiiceoe?y

iiiaeeie i?eioeeio
aeanoeainoae

aeueoa?iaoea{A} aeai?o F
aeueoa?iaoea

ANI E?eoa???, E?eoa???

i?eioeeie
aeai?o

Aenia?oi? ioe?iee

aeaiaio?a iiaeae?

?ioi?iaoe?eiee ?ic?aooiie
iieaciee?a

iien ACI ii aa??aioai
IO?

Aa??aioe
IO?,

Aaaaoiaa??aioia IOI
e?eoa???

Aea?? iaea?eueo aoaeoeaiiai aa??aioa IO?

Ia noai? aeei?enoai? oae? oiiai? iicia/aiiy:

— eiii’thoa?i? i?ioeaaeo?e i?eeiyooy ??oaiue;

— ae?aeiaia? i?ioeaaeo?e i?eeiyooy ??oaiue;

— iaoi?iae?ciaai? i?ioeaaeo?e i?eeiyooy ??oaiue;

1 — eia?/i?, i?aai?caoe?ei? oa ?ioi?iaoe?ei? ca’ycee
i?ae i?ioeaaeo?aie (1-ci?no ?ioi?iaoe??, ui ia?aaea?oueny).

?en.1.Oaoiieia?/ia noaia i?ioeano i?eeiyooy ??oaiue

Aeaii oa?aeoa?enoeeo ie?aieo aeaiaio?a noaie.

Iiiaeeia aeueoa?iaoea {A} i?aai?caoe?eii-oaoiieia?/ieo ??oaiue
nii?oaeaeaiiy ia’?eoa oa i?eioeeie aeai?o F oi?iothoueny oao?aoeai a
aaeoc? i?aeaioiaee aoae?aieoeoaa a ae?aeic? c AII. Oi?ioaaiiy {A}
cae?enith?oueny ia iniia? aeueoa?iaoeaii? n?oueiai? iiaeae? , i?eeeaae
iiaoaeiae yei? iaaaaeaiee ia ?en. 2.

6 8

13 15

2

1 3 … 4 … 5 7
10 14

19

16

9
… 18 21 22
23

17 20

11 12

1… 3 — aa??aioe aeeiiaiiy caieyieo ?ia?o;

4 … 5 — iiioaae eiino?oeoe??; 5 — 9 , 6 — 7 — iiioaae
no?i;

6 — 8, 9 — 10 — iiioaae iie?eooy; 13 — 15 — oeaoooaaiiy ?oeiiii?
iie??ae?;

13 — 14 — 15 — oeaoooaaiiy ianoeeiai? iie??ae?;

10 … 18 — niaoe?aeuei? ?iaioe; 18 … 21 — aa??aioe
iii?yaeaeaiiy;

21 … 23 — oeaoooaaiiy ea?ai?/ieo i?aeeia.

?en.2. — Oe?oiiaia ANI caaaeaiiy ia’?eoo «A?aeae?eaiiy ia?iaee iaia?o oa
?icioneo oeaetheice».

I?aeoeea iieaco?, ui aaeaeaaoii i?iaiae?coaaoe aoaeoeai?noue aa??aio?a c
a?aooaaiiyi eiie?aoieo oiia ae?iaieoeoaa iiaeia eeoa ia iniia? ioe?iee
?o aeanoeainoae: o?eaaeino? ?ia?o, nia?aa?oino?, o?oaeii?noeino? oa
?ioa. Oea — aaaaoie?eoa??aeueia caaea/a i?eeiyooy ??oaiue. Aeey ??
?ica’ycaiiy iaiao?aeii anoaiiaeoe i?aaeea ia?aoiaeo a?ae ii??aiyiiy
ie?aieo aeanoeainoae aeueoa?iaoea aei ii??aiyiiy ?o ca noeoii?noth
aeanoeainoae. Iaee?auee aa??aio iiaeiai oa?aeoa?ecoaaoeny iaea?eueo
aaeaeei niieo/aiiyi eieaeueieo aeanoeainoae ? iaoe aeno?aiaeueia
cia/aiiy aeiaaeueii? . Oaeei /eiii, oi?ioaaiiy i?eioeeio aeai?o F
iieyaa? o anoaiiaeaii? no?oeoo?e e?eoa???a ioe?iee aa??aio?a, ui
a?aeiia?aeathoue anoaiiaeaiei aeanoeainoyi, oa i?aaee ?o aca?iiae?? i?e
eiiiiceoe?? ioe?iie oa ii??aiyiue aeey aecia/aiiy cia/aiiy aeiaaeueii?
aeanoeaino?. Aeey i?aeaeuaiiy iaa?oioiaaiino? ae??oaiiy oe??? caaea/?
i?iiiio?oueny /anoeiai oi?iae?ciaaiee iaoiae.

Ca aecia/aieie i?aaeeaie oao?aoeyi i?iiiio?oueny i?iaanoe ???a?o?/io
aeaeiiiiceoe?th aeanoeainoae aeueoa?iaoea aei ??aiy iaea?eueo c?o/ii?
ioe?iee a?aeiia?aeieo e?eoa??aeueieo iieaciee?a oa aecia/eoe i?aaeea ?o
eiiiiceoe??. I?e oeueiio a?aoiaothoueny aeoiee ??cieo niaoe?ae?no?a. ?o
ocaaaeueiaiiy oa aiae?c iiaiaeaeaiino? aeeiio?oueny ia iniia?
cai?iiiiiaaieo iaoaiaoeei — noaoenoe/ieo i?ioeaaeo? iaoiaeo aenia?oieo
ioe?iie. Iiaeeea? i?aaeea eiiiiceoe?? aeanoeainoae aeueoa?iaoea
caeaaeaoue a?ae eeano anoaiiaeaieo e?eoa???a: /e ? aiie e?euee?ni? aai
ye?ni?.

I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieeee eeaneo?eoaaoe oiiae, ye?
aeieeathoue i?e eiiiiceoe?? /eneiaeo e?eoa???a aa??aio?a IO? i?e
i?aeaioiaoe? nii?oaeaeaiiy ia’?eo?a aoae?aieoeoaa, oa aecia/eoe
a?aeiia?aei? ?i iaoiaee aeai?o aeueoa?iaoea. Aiie a?aeii? c oai???
i?eeiyooy ??oaiue (?en.3). Aiae?c iieacaa, ui iaea?eueo
?iciianthaeaeaiei ? aeei?enoaiiy iaoiaeo e?i?eii? cai?oee e?eoa???a.

Oiiae eiiiiceoe?? Iaoiaee ?
i?eioeeie

eiiiiceoe??

E?eoa??? ??aiiaaaei?
I?eioeei ??aiii??ii?

iioei?caoe??

Iaoiae ?aeaaeueii? oi/ee

E?eoa??? ia ? ??aiiaaae-
Iaoiae e?i?eii? cai?oee

ieie
e?eoa???a

I?eioeei ni?aaaaeeeaiai

eiii?ii?no

Iiaeai? e?eoa??aeuei?
Iaoiae aieiaiiai e?eoa??th

iaiaaeaiiy

Aecia/ai? iioeiaeuei?
Iaoiae iioeiaeueii? oi/ee

ia?aiao?e IO?

Iaoa aeai?o ia /?oei
I?eioeei aa?aioiaaiiai

aecia/aia ?acoeueoaoo

? iaiao?aeiei a?aooaaiiy I?eioeei a?aooaaiiy

aeiaeaoeiaeo oaeoi??a
aeiaeaoeiaeo oaeoi??a

?en. 3. Eiiiiceoe?y aeanoeainoae aeueoa?iaoea

l aenia?oiei oeyoii. A??ia?aei?noue ?acoeueoao?a i?aeaeuo?oueny ca
?aooiie ocaaaeueiaiiy ioe?iie ??cieo oao?aoe?a ca oiiaith aeinoaoiueiai
??aiy iiaiaeaeaiino? inoaii?o. Aiae?c iiaiaeaeaiino? i?iaiaeeoueny ia
iniia? eiao?oe??ioa eiiei?aeaoe?? (ocaiaeaeaiino?) E:

(2)

aea n — /enei eieaeueieo aeanoeainoae;

m — /enei oao?aoe?a-aenia?o?a;

S ( aeenia?n?y ioe?iie aenia?o?a;

Ti ( eiao?oe??io , cia/aiiy yeiai caeaaeeoue a?ae /enea
iaeiaeiaeo ioe?iie aaae ??cieo e?eoa???a aenia?oii i.

(3)

aea t(i — e?euee?noue iiaoi?aiue ( — i? ioe?iee i — ei aenia?oii.

I?e eiiiiceoe?? ye?nieo aeanoeainoae aeueoa?iaoea IO? oao?aoeyi
i?iiiio?oueny aeeiiaoe iiia?ia ii??aiyiiy aa??aio?a ii ie?aiei
aeanoeainoyi, /enei yeeo L. I?e oeueiio aaaaea?oueny, ui c aeaio
aa??aio?a Oj oa On c iiiaeeie aeueoa?iaoea IO? {O} oao?aaoeue iiaea
aecia/eoe e?auee ca aeanoea?noth l. Caien Xj Rli Xc icia/a?, ui
aenia?o i aaaaea? e?auei aa??aio Xj a ii??aiyii? c aa??aioii Xc ii
aeanoeaino? l. C a?aooaaiiyi aen?iie o?aiceoeaiino? iia?aoe?? ii??aiyiiy
iiaeooue aooe i?aaenoaaeai? o aeaeyae? iao?eoeue ?aiaeoaaiiy {Yl}, l=1,L
(?en.4). Aeaiaio iao?eoe? yij aecia/a? ?aia aa??aioo X j a ioe?ioe?
aenia?oa i ca aeanoea?noth l.

(4)

aea Yj — ocaaaeueiaiee ?aia aa??aioo Xj ca aeanoea?noth l.

C aeei?enoaiiyi cia/aiue Yj i?iiiio?oueny iiaoaeiaa ocaaaeueiaii?
iao?eoe? ?aiaeoaaiiy G (?en.5). Aeaiaio iao?eoe? gil a?aeiia?aea?
ocaaaeueiaiiio ?aiao aa??aioo Xj ca aeanoea?noth l. A?i iiaea
aeei?enoiaoaaoeny ye ooo/ia /eneiaa ioe?iea aeanoeainoae aa??aio?a IO?,
ui iaaea? iiaeeea?noue aeei?enoaiiy iaoiae?a eiiiiceoe?? /enaeueieo
e?eoa???a (aeea. ?en. 3).

Aoaeoeai?noue ?acoeueoao?a ieaioaaiiy IOI nii?oaeaeaiiy ia’?eo?a
aoae?aieoeoaa caeaaeeoue a?ae yeino? ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai iieno ANI. Ia eiai
iniia? a iiaeae? iaaeathoueny aeai?, ye? iaiao?aei? aeey ioe?iee oa
aeai?o aa??aio?a ae?iaieoeoaa ?ia?o oa ae??oaiiy ?ioeo caaea/ IOI:
eaeaiaea?iiai ieaioaaiiy ?ia?o, aecia/aiiy iio?aa a ?ano?nao , oiui.

Aeni. Aa??aioe

Aa?-oe Aeanoeaino?

1 . . . j . . . n

1 . . . . l . . . n

1

1

. . .

. . .

i

yij

j

gil

. . .

. . .

m

n

Yj

?en.4. Iao?eoey ?aiaeoaaiiy Yl ?en.5.Ocaaaeueiaia iao?eoey ?aiaeo-

aaiiy G

?ioi?iaoe?eiee iien iiaeae? ? iiiaeeia aeaieo I, yea ai?uo? o?e
i?aeiiiaeeie:

(5)

aea M — i?aeiiiaeeia aeaieo, ye? caaeathoueny ia ??ai? iieno iiaeae?
a oe?eiio (iai?eeeaae, aeiaia??i? oa?i?ie oa eiooi?enia aa?o?noue
aoae?aieoeoaa, iio??aiee ??aaiue iaae?eiino? ?acoeueoao?a iiaeaethaaiiy
);

D — i?aeiiiaeeia aeaieo, ye? caaeathoueny ia ??ai? iieno aeoae-?iaioe
iiaeae? (iai?eeeaae, o?eaae?noue oa ?ioaineai?noue aeeiiaiiy ?iaioe,
iio?aaa a ?ano?nao);

B — i?aeiiiaeeia aaciaeo ii?iaoeaii-oaoiieia?/ieo aeaieo, ia iniia?
yeeo ?ic?aoiaothoueny aeaiaioe i?aeiiiaeeie M oa D.

Aeey ?aae?caoe?? nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo iiaeaethaaiiy, oi?iae?caoe??
?ic?aooie?a aeaiaio?a i?aeiiiaeeie M oa D ia iniia? I, aeey iiaoaeiae
iiaeaeae ??ciiai nooiaiy aeaoae?caoe?? i?iiiio?oueny i?e ?ioi?iaoe?eiiio
iane/aii? ANI aacoaaoeny ia iiaeae? no?oeoo?iaaiiai iieno ia’?eoa
aoae?aieoeoaa (?en. 6). Iiaeaeue eiino?oeoeaii? aeaeiiiiceoe??
ia?aaeaa/a? ???a?o?/ia ?iceeaaeaiiy ia’?eoo aoae?aieoeoaa ia
eiino?oeoeai? aeaiaioe ? iiaea?oueny o aeaeyae? aea?aaa, iaoaiaoe/iei
aiaeiaii yeiai ? e?ioeaaee a?ao aac eiioo??a. Eiino?oeoeaia
aeaeiiiiceoe?y ia’?eoo ia?ic?eaii iia’ycaia c caaaeaiiyi i?inoi?iaeo
eii?aeeiao aeaiaio?a aeaeiiiiceoe?? c i?ea’yceith aei ?icaeai/ieo a?nae,
ai?eciioaeueieo oa aa?oeeaeueieo a?aei?oie.

Iiaeaeue oaoiieia?/ii? aeaeiiiiceoe?? ia’?eoo iiaea?oueny o aeaeyae?
aea?aaa c iaiaeii??aeiei neeaaeii aa?oei, ye? a?aeiia?aeathoue
aoae?aaeueii-iiioaaei?e ?iaio? iaaii? e?oiiino?.

?ioaa?oth/ei aeaiaioii eiino?oeoeaii? oa oaoiieia?/ii? aeaeiiiiceoe??
ia’?eoo ? eiino?oeoeaii-oaoiieia?/iee iiaeoeue(EOI). ?ioi?iaoe?eiith
aacith aeey oi?ioaaiiy EOI ? iien iiiaeeie aeaiaio?a ieaeiueiai ??aiy
eiino?oeoeaii? oa oaoiieia?/ii? aeaeiiiiceoe??, aa??aio?a ?iciiae?eo
ia’?eoo ia caoaaoee. Aea?? i?inoi?iaeo ia?aiao??a EOI iiaeiai
aa?aiooaaoe iiaeeea?noue cae?i/aiiy a iaaeao iiaeoey ?ia?o ieaeiueiai
??aiy oaoiieia?/ii? aeaeiiiiceoe??; iiaeeea?noue niieo/aiiy iiaeoeae,
ye? a?aeiia?aeathoue ?iceeaaeaiiy ia’?eoo aoae?aieoeoaa ia eiino?oeoeai?
aeaiaioe.

Ia’?eo aoae?aieoeoaa

Oaoiieia?/ia Aeoae-?iaioe ANI
Eiino?oeoeaia

aeaeiiiiceoe?y aeaeiiiiceoe?y

ia’?eoo ia’?eoo

(

. . .

( (
(

. . . . . .
. . .

(
(

EOI

?en.6. No?oeoo?iaaiee iien ia’?eoo aoae?aieoeoaa

Aieiaiei eaiaiai niioeeaiiy i?e ai?iaaaeaeaii? aeueoa?iaoeaiiai
n?oueiaiai iiaeaethaaiiy a i?aeoeeo i?aeaioiaee ae?iaieoeoaa ?
a?ii?caee?noue iiaeae? oa aeniea o?oaeii?noe?noue i?ioeaaeo? ??
?ioi?iaoe?eiiai iieno. Oiio a ?iaio? aeine?aeaeai? oeyoe oa
cai?iiiiiaai? ae?? ii cieaeaiith ?ici??iino? oa o?oaeii?noeino?
aaaaoiaa??aioiiai i?aai?caoe?eii-oaoiieia?/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy ia aac?
ANI. Aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui i?e iiaeaethaaii? aeioe?eueii
ne?aeoaaoe oaeei i?eioeeiai:

aaaaoi??aiueiaiai iiaeaethaaiiy. Ia?aaeaa/a? iiaeeea?noue a?aen?ao
aacia?niaeoeaieo aa??aio?a ia iniia? aa?aaiaaii? iiaeae? c aeei?enoaiiyi
iaaeaoae?ciaaii? ?ioi?iaoe??. Oaeei /eiii i?e iiaeaethaaii? IO? ia
iio??aiiio ??ai? aeaoae?caoe?? iaiaaeothoueny ciiith iaea?eueo
aoaeoeaieo ??oaiue.

iiaoaiiiai ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai iane/aiiy iiaeae?. Ia ia?oiio aoai?
i?iiiio?oueny iaiaaeeoeny i?aeaioiaeith ?ioi?iaoe??, yea iaiao?aeia aeey
?ic?aooieo e?eoa??aeueieo iieaciee?a. Oea aeicaiey? cia/ii cieceoe
?ici??i?noue iieno ANI , oiio ui ia ae?oaiio aoai? ne?ae iiaeaoe aeai?
aeey iieno o?eueee iaeiiai aea?aiiai aa??aioo IO?.

aoi?eiieo e?eoa???a. C noeoiiino? e?eoa???a ca anoaiiaeaieie i?aaeeaie
aecia/athoueny aoi?eii? e?eoa???. Aiie a?ae??ciythoueny nai?th iaioith
cia/ou?noth oa aeiaaathoue a?eueo o?oaeii?noei? i?aeaioiaee aeaieo,
iaiao?aeieo aeey ?o ?ic?aooieo. Ia iniia? ia?aeiieo e?eoa???a
aeae?a?oueny i?aeiiiaeeia W iaea?eueo ia?niaeoeaieo aa??aio?a. ? o?eueee
aeey inoaoi/iiai i?eeiyooy a cii? i?aeiiiaeeie W caeo/athoueny aoi?eii?
e?eoa???.

aiae?co e?eoa??aeueiiai i?inoi?o aeueoa?iaoea. Aoaeue ye?e aeueoa?iaoea?
IO? iiaea aooe iinoaaeaia a a?aeiia?aei?noue oi/ea n — i??iiai
e?eoa??aeueiiai i?inoi?o A, eii?aeeiaoe yei? ? cia/aiiy a?aeiia?aeiiai
e?eoa??th f l (X). I?e ii??aiyii? aeaio aa??aio?a iiaeeeaa neooaoe?y:

f l (X1) ( (aai () f l (X2) , (6)

aea l=1,L, i?e oiio f l (X1) ( f l (X2).

Ae?ac (6) ? i?e?iaeiith oiiaith ia?aaaae aeueoa?iaoeae O1 iaae O2.
Oaeei /eiii i?e aaeeaai? iaoiae?a eiiiiceoe?? aeanoeainoae aeueoa?iaoea
iiaeeeai iaiaaeeoeny (aeea.?en.2) o?eueee oeie aa??aioaie, ye? iathoue
ia?aaaao iaae ?ioeie ca?aeii c oiiaith (6). Oea, oae caaia a oai???
i?eeiyooy ??oaiue, iiiaeeia aa??aio?a Ia?aoi. Ia ?en. 7 iaaaaeaiee
i?eeeaae aiae?co e?eoa??aeueiiai i?inoi?o oanoe aeueoa?iaoea aeey aeaio
aeanoeainoae N oa O . A?ae?a?ai? aeey iiaeaeueoiai aiae?co aa??aioe
(iiiaeeia Ia?aoi) a?aei?/ai? «*».

N O4

O3 (

O1 (

*

O2 O5

* (

O6

*

O

?en. 7. E?eoa??aeueiee i?ino??

O?ao?e ?icae?e aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe i?enay/aii iaoiaeai aecia/aiiy
e?eoa???a iaae?eiino? ??oaiue ieaioaaiiy i?aai?caoe?eii-oaoiieia?/ii?
i?aeaioiaee.

Aeey ioe?iee iaae?eiino? ??oaiue IOI aeei?enoiaothoueny niaoeeo?/i?
?iia??iinoi? iaoiaee. I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieeee c?iaeoe
aeniiaie, ui ?o noai?aiiy /e aeei?enoaiiy iiaeiii aacoaaoeny ia ANI
aeaoa?i?iiaaii-noioanoe/iiai oeio. Oea icia/a?, ui ie?ai? oa?aeoa?enoeee
aeoa-?iaio iiaeae? iaaeathoueny ye aeiaaeeia? aaee/eie , ye?
i?aeei?ythoueny aecia/aiiio caeiio ?iciiae?eaiiy. A oeueiio ?ac? i?ae
iaae?ei?noth ?icoi?thoue ?iia??i?noue oiai, ui cia/aiiy noioanoe/ii?
oa?aeoa?enoeee (o?eaae?noue , aa?o?noue aoae?aieoeoaa oa ?ioa) ia aoaea
a?eueoa aecia/aii? aaee/eie. A ?iaio? ?icaeyaea?oueny iaoai?ci
aeei?enoaiiy iaoiaeo noaoenoe/ieo aei?iaoaaiue aeey ae??oaiiy oe???
caaea/?. Aea aiae?c iieacaa, ui oai?aoe/ia i?eaaaeea?noue oeueiai
iaoiaeo ciaioo?oueny i?e c?oeiaii? c ?aae?yie i?aeoeee. Eiai
aeei?enoaiiy iio?aao? ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? caeiio oa aecia/aiiy ia?aiao??a
?iciiae?eaiiy eiaeii? aeiaaeeiai? oa?aeoa?enoeee an?o ?ia?o
aaaaoiaa??aioii? iiaeae?. A oea iio?aao? ia?iaee cia/ii? e?eueeino?
noaoenoe/ieo aeaieo, ye?, ye i?aaeei, a?aenooi? a aoae?aaeuei?e
i?aai?caoe??. Iaea?eueo ia?niaeoeaiei ? aeei?enoaiiy aiae?oe/ieo
iaoiae?a aecia/aiiy e?eoa???a iaae?eiino?. Aiae?c noaoenoe/ieo aeaieo
iieacaa, ui u?euei?noue ?iciiae?eaiiy oa?aeoa?enoee a?eueoino?
aoae?aaeueii-iiioaaeieo ?ia?o ia? oae? aeanoeaino? : aacia?a?ai?noue,
oi?iiaeaeuei?noue, ?nioaaiiy aeaio iiceoeaieo oi/ie ia?aoeio c a?nueth
aanoeen. Caaaeueiee aeae ?iciiae?eaiiy iineoue neiao?e/iee /e
aneiao?e/iee oa?aeoa?. Oeei aeanoeainoyi a?aeiia?aea? o?eeooia oa aaoa-
?iciiae?eaiiy.

Iaoiae IA?O, ui oe?iei ?iciianthaeaeaiee a na?oia?e i?aeoeoe?
i?aeaioiaee ?ia?o , aaco?oueny ia aaoa-?iciiae?eaii? aeiaaeeiai?
aaee/eie. A ?iaio? ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo aeei?enoaiiy iaoiaeo IA?O aeey
ioe?iee ye /aniaeo, oae ? ?ioeo iieaciee?a aoae?aieoeoaa ia aac?
aeueoa?iaoeaii? i?aai?caoe?eii-oaoiieia?/ii? iiaeae?. Aeina?ae
aeei?enoaiiy iaoiaeo IA?O aiai?eoue i?i c?o/i?noue eiai aenieoaoaoe??.
Aea o? aeiiouaiiy, ui aeanoea? iaoiaeo, iaoiiaeththoue aeaye? (a ?yae?
aeiaaee?a cia/i? — aei 30%), iioeaee a ?ic?aooieao.

2 c aeia??/ei ??aiai 75%). A oeueiio aeiaaeeo aeei?enoaiiy
aiae?oe/iiai iaoiaeo, yeee aaco?oueny ia o?eeooiiio ?iciiae?eaii?, ye
aeueoa?iaoeae iaoiaeo IA?O, ci?ia? ie?ai? a?oie iiaeeeaeo iiieeie oa
i?aeaeuo? oi/i?noue ?ic?aooie?a ia 5 — 25%. Aoee i?iaaaeai?
noaoenoe/i? aei?iaoaaiiy, ui aeicaieeee i?aai?coaaoe a?aeiia?aeio
ii?iaoeaio aaco, iaiao?aeio aeey aeei?enoaiiy oeueiai iaoiaeo. Oae ,
aeey aecia/aiiy ii?iiaaii? iiaee Y’ aeiaaeeiai? aaee/eie /ano aeeiiaiiy
iine?aeiaiiai eaioethaeea ?ia?o n?oueiai? iiaeae? aoei i?iaaaeaii 5000
aenia?eiaio?a c ia’?aeiaiiy aeaio iine?aeiaieo ?ia?o c ii?iiaaieie
iiaeaie Y1 oa Y2 a?aeiia?aeii ( ?en.8 ):

Y’

1

0.9

0.8

0.7

0.6

0.5

0.4

0.3

0.2

0.1

0

0.10.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1 Y1

?en.8. N?i’y e?eaeo aeey ioe?iee ii?iiaaii? iiaee aeaio iine?aeiaieo
?ia?o.

(7)

aea mi — iaea?eueo ?iia??ia ioe?iea /ano aeeiiaiiy ?iaioe (iiaea);

ai — iioei?noe/ia ioe?iea /ano aeeiiaiiy ?iaioe;

bi — ianei?noe/ia ioe?iea /ano aeeiiaiiy ?iaioe.

E??i oiai, aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieeee c?iaeoe aeniiaie,
ui aaaaeaiiy aaoi?ii iaoiaea i?eiouaiiy, ui /an aeeiiaiiy an?o ?ia?o
n?oueiai? iiaeae? i?aeei?y?oueny oaae o?eeooiiio ?iciiae?eaiith, a??ii
eeoa a aeayeeo iaaeao.. Anoaiiaeaii, ui aeey ANI, iaeei aa??aio
aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o yei? i?noeoue aei 30 ?ia?o — oea i?eiouaiiy a??ii. Aea a
?ioeo aeiaaeeao (ca?aeii c oeaio?aeueiith a?aie/iith oai?aiith) /an
aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o n?o? c a?eueoith a??ia?aei?noth ?aeaioeo?eo?oueny
ii?iaeueiei caeiiii ?iciiae?eaiiy. sseui a aa??aio? a?eueoa 100 ?ia?o,
??aaiue a??ia?aeiino? ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? ii?iaeueiei caeiiii ?iciiae?eaiiy
/ano caaaeaiiy ia’?eoo, ca?aeii e?eoa??th (2 , aoaea 75-80%; a?ae 50 aei
100 ?ia?o — 60 — 70%; a?ae 30 aei 50 ?ia?o — 50 — 60%. Aeoiaey/e c
oeueiai, aoea aeeiiaia iiaeeo?eaoe?y iaoiaeo, ui aeicaiey? i?e
iaiao?aeiino? ioe?ithaaoe iaae?ei?noue aeiaaeeiaeo iieaciee?a aa??aioo
IO? ia iniia? ii?iaeueiiai caeiio ?iciiae?eaiiy.

Aeey i?aeaeuaiiy a??ia?aeiino? caaaeaiiy aaee/ei iioei?noe/ii?,
ianei?noe/ii? oa iaea?eueo ?iia??ii? (iiaee) ioe?iie aeiaaeeiai?
aaee/eie oa, ye iane?aeie, cieaeaiiy iioeaie ia/eneaiiy, i?iiiio?oueny
aeei?enoiaoaaoe eia?ei-iaoaiaoe/iee aia?ao iaoiaeo aenia?oieo ioe?iie oa
canoiniaoaaoe ?ioa?aaeueiee iaoiae caaaeaiiy iiaee aeiaaeeiai? aaee/eie
. Oea aea? cieaeeo iioeaie ia 10-15%.

*aoaa?oee ?icae?e ?iaioe i?enay/aiee aeine?aeaeaiith oa ?ic?iaoe?
iiaeaeae oa iaoiae?a i?eeiyooy ??oaiue ia aoai? eaeaiaea?iiai
ieaioaaiiy aoae?aaeueii-iiioaaeieo ?ia?o (AI?). O aeiaaeeo, eiee
?ic?aoiaai? oa?i?ie aoae?aieoeoaa (O?) ? a?eueoeie ca o?, ui
ieaiothoueny (Oae), aaaeeeaei noa? ae??oaiiy caaea/? iioei?caoe??
/aniaeo ia?aiao??a iaee?aueo aa??aio?a IO?, ye? a?ae?a?ai? ia noaae??
i?aai?caoe?eii-oaoiieia?/iiai i?iaeooaaiiy. Oea oae caaia caaea/a
noeniaiiy n?o?.

I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieeee aecia/eoe aeae?eueea oeyo?a oaei?
iioei?caoe??, i?iaiae?coaaoe oaeoi?e, ui aieeaathoue ia iie?ioaiiy
/aniaeo iieaciee?a IOI. Aenia?oia iieooaaiiy oao?aoe?a a aaeoc?
i?aeaioiaee oa ae?iaieoeoaa AI? iieacaei, ui iaeiei c iaea?eueo
nooo?aeo oa oi?aaey?ieo i?aai?caoe?eii-oaoiieia?/ieo oaeoi??a (31% a
ii??aiyii? c ?ioeie), ye? aieeaathoue ia o?eaae?noue aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o, ?
?ioaineai?noue aeeiiaiiy AI?. I?e oeueiio aeioe?euei?noue i?aeaeuaiiy
?ioaineaiino? ca ?aooiie aeiaeaoeiaiai iane/aiiy o?iioo ?ia?o,
i?aeaeuaiiy e?eueeino? ci?i iio?aao? ?aoaeueiiai aiae?co, oiio ui
aeeeeea? aeiaeaoeia? cao?aoe aoae?aaeueii? i?aai?caoe??. Aiie iaoiiaeai?
??ciiiai?oieie oaeoi?aie: iaiao?aei?noth ia?aaacoaaiiy ?ia?oie/eo
a?eaaae, cania?a iaoai?caoe??, ca?eueoaiiyi oaeoe/ieo o?oaeicao?ao,
cieaeaiiyi i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe?, aeiaeaoeiaeie cao?aoaie ia
ina?oeaiiy, iiaeaiiy i?ei?uaiue, iaae?iaie/eie aeo?aoaie iaoa??ae?a .
I?iaaaeaiee aiae?c, aeicaieea ioe?ieoe aeiaeaoeia? aeo?aoe aoae?aaeueii?
i?aai?caoe?? ca ie?aieie AI?, ye? iaoiiaeai? oeeie oaeoi?aie, ia ??cieo
??aiyo ia?aiane/aiino? o?iioo ?ia?o aai i?e ia?aoiae? ia aea? /e o?e
ci?ie ?iaioe. Iaeiie/aiiy oeeo ioe?iie aeicaiey? neeanoe ii?iaoeaio aaco
ae??oaiiy caaea/? iioei?caoe?? /aniaeo ia?aiao??a n?o? ia iniia?
caeaaeiino? «/an-aa?o?noue».

Iaoaiaoe/ia iinoaiiaea oe??? caaea/? ia? aeaeyae:

aea nij — aa?o?noue aeeiiaiiy ?iaioe ij;

Tmin ij — i?i?iaeueii iiaeeeaee /an aeeiiaiiy ?iaioe ij;

Tpaoeij — /an aeeiiaiiy ?iaioe ij i?e ?aoe?iiaeuei?e ?ioaineaiino?.

A oai??? n?oueiaiai iiaeaethaaiiy noai?ai? iaoiaee ae??oaiiy caaea/? a
oae?e iinoaiiaoe? aeey aeiaaee?a, eiee caeaaei?noue nij= fij( tij )
aacia?a?aia, e?i?eia, eoni/ii-e?i?eia oa aeioeea. Iaeiae oe? iaoiaee ia
iiaeooue aooe canoiniaai? a i?aeoeoe? i?aeaioiaee aoae?aieoeoaa, oiio ui
?aaeuei? oaoiieia?/i? ii?iae? iio?aaothoue, uia /an aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o aoa
e?aoiee oaoiieia?/i?e eaioe? ?iai/eo /e eiiieaeoo cania?a iaoai?caoe??.
Oea iaoiiaeth? aeene?aoiee oa?aeoa? caeaaeiino? «/an-aa?o?noue».

Aeey ae??oaiiy caaea/? noeniaiiy /ano aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o n?o? c a?aooaaiiyi
aeene?aoiiai oa?aeoa?o caeaaeiino? «/an-aa?o?noue» a ?iaio? ?ic?iaeai?
aa?enoe/i? iaoiaee, iien yeeo iaaeaiee o aeaeyae? aeai?eoi?a. Iaoiaee
i???ioiaai? ye ia aeaoa?i?iiaaiee, oae ? ia noioanoe/iee oa?aeoa?
i?aaenoaaeaiiy /ano oa aa?oino? aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o. Ia ?en. 9 iaaeaiee
aeai?eoi ae??oaiiy oe??? caaea/? a aeaoa?i?iiaai?e iinoaiiaoe?.

A caaaeueiiio aeaeyae? eaeaiaea?ia ieaioaaiiy iiaeia i?aaenoaaeoe ye
caaea/o neioaco iioeiaeueiiai oi?aae?iiy aeeiai?/iith nenoaiith,
ii/aoeiaiio noaio yei? (I) a?aeiia?aea? ioeueiaee ianya aeeiiaieo ?ia?o,
a e?ioeaaiio (A) — iiaiee ianya. Ea?iaaieie ia?aiao?aie ? ?ioaineaiino?
aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o oa aaeeaaiiy ?ano?n?a, /ania? oa?aeoa?enoeee ?iaio. Aiie
aecia/athoue oaeaee?noue oa o?a?eoi??th O ia?aoiaeo ?c noaio I aei noaio
A. ??oaiiy ia?oiai aoaio ieaioaaiiy IOI oa iaiaaeaiiy ae?iaie/iai
na?aaeiaeua aecia/athoue aeiionoeio iaeanoue I oaciaiai i?inoi?o , yeiio
iiaeiia iaeaaeaoe o?a?eoi??y O.

Caaea/a eaeaiaea?iiai ieaioaaiiy iiaeiia aooe ae??oaia oaeei /eiii, uia
O(I oa caaacia/oaaeiny a aeno?aiaeueia cia/aiiy ooieoe?iiaea, yeee
a?aeia?aaea? e?eoa?a??? aoaeoeaiino? i?eeiyoeo ??oaiue. A oae?e
iinoaiiaoe? caaea/a ia? aaeeeo ?ici??i?noue, eiia?iaoi?iee oa?aeoa? ? ia
iiaea aooe ae??oaia oi/ieie aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/ieie iaoiaeaie. A oai???
oa i?aeoeoe? IOI aoae?aieoeoaa ?ic?iaeai? aoaeoeai? aa?enoe/i? iaoiaee
ae??oaiiy caaea/ a oae?e iinoaiiaoe?. Aea iia? aeiiii?/i? oiiae
oi?ioaaiiy i?ia?aie ?ia?o aoae?aaeueii? i?aai?caoe??, iaiao?aei?noue
aaaaoiaa??aioiiai i?aeoiaeo aei ae??oaiiy caaea/? IOI, aeioe?euei?noue
a?aooaaiiy caeaaeiino? «/an-aa?o?noue» oa ?io? iaoiiaeee aeooaeuei?noue
iiaeaeueoiai oaeineiiaeaiiy oeeo iaoiae?a.

Aeey oeueiai aoee eeaneo?eiaai? iinoaiiaee caaea/ aeaiiai eeano c
a?aooaaiiyi oaeeo iciae : e?eoa??? aoaeoeaiino? ??oaiue; oei
iiaeaethaaiiy ie?aii? ?iaioe ( c iino?eiith oa ci?iiith ?ioaineai?noth,
c ia?a?aaie oa aac ieo); i?eioeei iiaeaethaaiiy ( (t, iniaeeaeo noai?a);
aeae ?ano?nieo iaiaaeaiue; i?aaeea ci?ie ?ioaineaiino? aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o
(aac ci?ie ?ioaineaiino?, c a?aooaaiiyi caeaaeiino? «/an-aa?o?noue»);
i?aaeea ?ica’ycaiiy eie?c?e .

I?iaaaeaia eeaneo?eaoe?y aeicaieeea aecia/eoe iaiao?aeiee niaeo?
iaoiae?a ae??oaiiy oe??? caaea/? oa aea?aoe o?, ?ic?iaea yeeo iaea?eueo
aeooaeueia. Aeey ?aae?caoe?? oeeo iaoiae?a a ?iaio? noai?ai?
a?aeiia?aei? aeai?eoie ae??oaiiy caaea/? iioei?caoe?? ?iciiae?eo ca
/anii ?ia?o, ui i?i?i?co? oa?i?i ?o aeeiiaiiy ca oiiaaie aei?noeeo
?ano?nieo iaiaaeaiue oeio iiooaei?noue, i?eioeei iiaeaethaaiiy —
iniaeea? noaie; ?ioaineai?noue aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o — iino?eia oa
aacia?a?aia.

A ?acoeueoao? eaeaiaea?iiai ieaioaaiiy ?ia?o , ii noo?, aeieea?
aeiaeaoeiaee aa??aio?a IO? ae?iaieoeoaa ?ia?o c iiaei cia/aiiyi
iieaciee?a oa?i?i?a oa aa?oino? aoae?aieoeoaa. I?e oeueiio a?i iiaea
ao?aoeoe naith ia?aaaao. Oiio ia aeeeth/athoueny iia? ?oa?aoe??
ii??aiyiiai aiae?co aeueoa?iaoea ??oaiue c a?aooaaiiyi iiaiai aa??aioo.

1.I?aen?oueS,Tmin ij,Tp ij ,

Tae, Cmin ij , Cmax ij

2. Tp, i?e

t ij = Tmin ij

3. i?

Tp < Tae ??oaiiy ia oae ?nio? 25 4. (T = Tp - Tae 5.Oi?i-iy iiiaeeie ?ia?o e?eoe/iiai oeyoo A. 6.L ij =( c ij/( t ij,aea (c ij=Cmax ij-Cmin ij (t ij=Tp ij-Tmin ij 7. Oii?yaeeoaaiiy iiiaeeie A. Oi?- ioaaiiy /a?ae ?i- a?o ca c?ino. L ij 8.N =0, (T’, (T’’=0, (C’, (C’’=0, D=o, F=0 9. n=1,N; n(B 17 10.Aeeth/. n aei ii. D (T’=(T’-(tn (C’=(C’-(cn 11. (T’ ( 0 oae 12 i? 11 12.Oi?ioaaiiy /a?ae ?ia?o iiiaeeie A ca c?ino. (N ij 13. l=1,L; l(B 17 14.Aeeth/.?ia.l aei ii.F (T’’=(T’’-(tl (C’’=(C’’-(cl 15. (T’’ ( 0 i? oae 16. i? C’ < C’’ oae 17.Aeey ?ia?o iiiae.D 18.I?ioeaaeo?a t ij = Tmin ij aeai?o iaea?eueo c ij=Cmax ij aoaeoeaiiai N = N + (C’ aa??aioo 23 19. 17 yeui F i? oae 17,22 20.Aeey ?ia?o ii.F t ij = Tmin ij 23.O? = Oe? c ij=Cmax ij N?= N N = N + (C’’ 21. ?ic?aooiie 24.Aea?ae ?acoeue- /aniaeo ia?ai. oao?a ?iaioe a iiaeo oiiaao 25. 22. 23 i? Tkp > Tae

oae

4
Oae? ?oa?aoe?? ia?a?eaathoueny, eiee oao?aaoeue ia?aeiio?oueny a
iaiiaeeeaino? iioei?caoe?? aa??aioo IO? aai io?eio? caaeia?eueiee
?acoeueoao.

AENIIAEE

1. Iia? aeiiii?/i? oiiae ?icaeoeo Oe?a?ie iio?aaothoue ei??iiiai
iie?ioaiiy ainiiaea?nueeiai iaoai?cio o aoae?aieoeoa?. I?e iioe?aii?
naiino?eiino? aoae?aaeueieo i?aai?caoe?e cia/ieie oaeoi?aie c?inoaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? aoae?aieoeoaa ? i?aeaeuaiiy iaa?oioiaaiino? oa
iaae?eiino? i?eeia?ieo ??oaiue ieaioaaiiy i?aai?caoe?eii-oaoiieia?/ii?
i?aeaioiaee. Iiaeeeaino? no/anieo eiii’thoa?ieo oaoiieia?e aeicaieythoue
cia/ii i?aeaeueoe iaoeiao iaa?oioiaai?noue oa aoaeoeai?noue iaoiae?a
ae??oaiiy oe??? caaea/?.

2. Iaoith aeaii? ?iaioe aoei aeine?aeaeaiiy oa ?ic?iaea nenoaie
iiaeaeae, iaoiae?a oa aeai?eoi?a i?eeiyooy aoaeoeaieo
i?aai?caoe?eii-oaoiieia?/ieo ??oaiue nii?oaeaeaiiy ia’?eo?a
aoae?aieoeoaa ia ??cieo aoaiao eiai i?aeaioiaee.

A?aecia/iith iniaeea?noth ?ic?iaee ? oa, ui iiaeae? oa iaoiaee ca’ycai?
a ?aeeio eiii’thoa??ciaaio oaoiieia??th oa caaacia/othoue
aaaaoiaa??aioio i?aeaioiaeo IO? , aio/eo nenoaio ioe?iee yeino?
aa??aio?a oa ?o iaa?oioiaaiiai aeai?o, ui cia/ii i?aeaeuo? iaae?ei?noue
i?eeia?ieo ??oaiue oa aoaeoeai?noue aoae?aieoeoaa a oe?eiio.

3. Iiaoaeiaa nenoaie aaco?oueny ia aeaio ooiaeaiaioaeueieo iiiyooyo
oai??? i?eeiyooy ??oaiue — iiaeaiiy aeueoa?iaoeaieo aa??aio?a oa
oi?ioaaiiy i?eioeeio ?o aeai?o.

4. Iiaeaiiy aeueoa?iaoea IO? cae?enith?oueny ia iniia? aeueoa?iaoeaii?
n?oueiai? iiaeae? nii?oaeaeaiiy ia’?eoa aoae?aieoeoaa. Aiia aeicaiey?
i?aaenoaaeoe o aca?iica’yceo ??ciiiai?oi? aa??aioe
i?aai?caoe?eii-oaoiieia?/ieo ??oaiue, eiiieaenii aeine?aeaeoaaoe ?o
ii??aiyeueio aoaeoeai?noue a a?aeiia?aeiino? c anoaiiaeaieie
i?eioeeiaie aeai?o, oi?ioaaoe ii?iaoeaii-oaoiieia?/i? aeai? aeey
aecia/aiiy e?eoa??aeueieo iieaciee?a a oaeiae aeey ??oaiiy ?ioeo caaea/
IOI ia’?eoa aoae?aieoeoaa.

5. Aeine?aeaeai? i?eioeeie aeai?o aeueoa?iaoea, cai?iiiiiaai? iiaeae? oa
iaoiaee aaaaoie?eoa??aeueiiai aiae?co oa iiooeo aoaeoeaieo aa??aio?a
??oaiue.I?e oeueiio iaoiiaeaia iiaeeea?noue aeei?enoaiiy ye?nieo
oa?aeoa?enoee aeueoa?iaoea oa /eneiaeo e?eoa???a aeaoa?i?iiaaiiai oa
?iia??iiai oeio. Aeey ?o ioe?iie aeei?enoathoueny aeai? ??ciiai nooiaiy
aecia/aiino?.

6. Oaeineiiaeai? iaoiaee ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai iieno ANI. Nenoaiiith iniiaith
?ioi?iaoe?eiiai iane/aiiy ANI ??ciiai ??aiy aeaoae?caoe?? oa ?ic?iaee
oi?iae?ciaaieo iaoiae?a aecia/aiiy oa?aeoa?enoee aeoa-?ia?o ? iiaeaeue
no?oeoo?iaaiiai iieno ia’?eoo aoae?aieoeoaa.

7.Aeine?aeaeai? oeyoe oa cai?iiiiiaai? ae?? ii cieaeaiith ?ici??iino? oa
o?oaeii?noeino? aaaaoiaa??aioiiai i?aai?caoe?eii-oaoiieia?/iiai
iiaeaethaaiiy ia aac? A N I — iniiaiiai oaeoi?o ?aaeueiino?
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?ic?iaee a i?aeoeeo IOI aoae?aieoeoaa.

8. Aeey ioe?iee iaae?eiino? iieaciee?a IO? caaaeaiiy ia’?eoo
aoae?aieoeoaa cai?iiiiiaai? iaoai?cie aeei?enoaiiy iaoiaea noaoenoe/ieo
aei?iaoaaiue oa aiae?oe/ieo ?iia??iinoieo iaoiae?a ia aac?
aeueoa?iaoeaieo n?oueiaeo iiaeaeae aeaoa?i?iiaaii-noioanoe/iiai oeio.
Cai?iiiiiaai? oeyoe oaeineiiaeaiiy aiae?oe/ieo iaoiae?a, ye? cieaeathoue
iioeaee ?ic?aooie?a ia 15-20%.

9. Aeey ae??oaiiy caaea/? iioei?caoe?? oa?i?i?a aoae?aieoeoaa c
a?aooaaiiyi aeeeeeaieo oeei aeiaeaoeiaeo aeo?ao aoae?aaeueii?
i?aai?caoe?? ?ic?iaeai? aa?enoe/i? iaoiaee oa aeai?eoie, ui aacothoueny
ia aiae?c? caeaaeiino? «/an-aa?o?noue». ?o iniaeea?noth ? oa, ui aiie
ia?aaeaa/athoue aeene?aoiee oa?aeoa? caeaaeiino? «/an-aa?o?noue» ?
i???ioiaai? ia aeei?enoaiiy ye aeaoa?i?iiaaieo, oae ? noioanoe/ieo
ia?aiao??a.

10. Inoaoi/ia aoaeoeai?noue aa??aioo IO? aecia/a?oueny i?e eiai oa’ycoe?
c i?ia?aiith ?ia?o aoae?aaeueii? i?aai?caoe?? a oe?eiio ia aoai?
eaeaiaea?iiai ieaioaaiiy AI?. Iia? aeiiii?/i? oiiae oi?ioaaiiy i?ia?aie
?ia?o aoae?aaeueii? i?aai?caoe??, iaiao?aei?noue caaacia/aiiy
aaaaoiaa??aioiiai i?aeoiaeo aei ae??oaiiy caaea/? IOI, aeioe?euei?noue
a?aooaaiiy caeaaeiino? «/an-aa?o?noue» oa ?io? iaoiiaeee aeooaeuei?noue
iiaeaeueoiai oaeineiiaeaiiy a?aeiieo iaoiae?a eaeaiaea?iiai ieaioaaiiy.
?ic?iaeai? iaoiaee oa aeai?eoie ae??oaiiy oe??? caaea/? ca e?eoa??yie
oa?i?i?a aoae?aieoeoaa oa yeino? aeei?enoaiiy ?ano?n?a.

11. Aoei cae?eniaii aenia?eiaioaeueio ia?aa??eo oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. ?o aeei?enoaiiy i?e i?aeaioiaoe? oa
ieaioaaii? AI? aeicaieeei iie?ioeoe oae? iieacieee aoae?aieoeoaa ye
oa?i?ie aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o, ?o nia?aa?o?noue, aeo?aoe ?ano?n?a a
na?aaeiueiio ia 11-22%.

Aeei?enoaiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a a o/aiaiio i?ioean? ni?ey?
cae??ieaiith nooaeaioaie ciaiue ? io?eiaiith ieie iaae/ie a iaeano?
iiaeaethaaiiy , aeine?aeaeaiiy oa i?eeiyooy aoaeoeaieo ??oaiue
i?aai?caoe?? ae?iaieoeoaa.

IOAE?EAOe?? CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

1. Ai?ao?aee A.A. Cieaeaiiy ?ici??iino? ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai iieno
aeueoa?iaoeaieo n?oueiaeo iiaeaeae // Oeyoe i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
aoae?aieoeoaa a oiiaao oi?ioaaiiy ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei.
-E.:EAeOOAA.Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue.1996?.-N.44-48.

2. Ai?ao?aee A.A., ?ciaeeiaa I.A., Oaaae I.I. I?eeiyooy ??oaiue
iiaeieaiiy eiioe?eo?a i?e eaeaiaea?iiio ieaioaaii?
aoae?aaeueii-iiioaaeieo ?ia?o // Oeyoe i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
aoae?aieoeoaa a oiiaao oi?ioaaiiy ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei.
E.:EAeOOAA.Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue.1997?. N.110-112.

3. Ai?ao?aee A.A. Eeaneo?eaoe?y iinoaiiaie caaea/ i?eeiyooy ??oaiue
i?e i?aai?caoe?eii-oaoiieia?/i?e i?aeaioiaoe? aoae?aieoeoaa //Oeyoe
i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? aoae?aieoeoaa a oiiaao oi?ioaaiiy ?eieiaeo
a?aeiinei.-E.:EAeOOAA.Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue.1997?.-N.104-106.

4. Ai?ao?aee A.A.,Oaaae I.I. Ioe?iea ?eceeo aeeiiaiiy eaeaiaea?ieo
ieai?a ?ia?o o aoae?aieoeoa? // Oeyoe i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
aoae?aieoeoaa a oiiaao oi?ioaaiiy ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei. E.:EAeOOAA.Ca??iee
iaoeiaeo i?aoeue.1996?.-N.44-45.

5. Oaaae I.I.,Ai?ao?aee A.A.Iioei?caoe?y ia?aiao??a n?oueiai? iiaeae?
ca e?eoa???i «/an-aa?o?noue»//Oeyoe i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
aoae?aieoeoaa a oiiaao oi?ioaaiiy ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei.-E.:
EAeOOAA.Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue.1996?.-N.21-23.

6. Oaaae I.I.,Ai?ao?aee A.A. Iioei?caoe?y ia?aiao??a
«/an-aa?o?noue» noioanoe/ii? n?oiai? iiaeae?//Oeyoe i?aeaeuaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? aoae?aieoeoaa a oiiaao oi?ioaaiiy ?eieiaeo
a?aeiinei.-E.:EAeOOAA.Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. 1997?.-N.106-109.

7. Iiiaie?eoa?eaeueiue auai? aeueoa?iaoeai?o
i?aaiecaoeeiiii-oaoiieiae/aneeo ?aoaiee // ?ciaeeiaa I.A.,Ai?ao?aee
A.A. Eeaa.ain.oaoi.oi-o.no?-aa e a?oeoaeoo?u, Eeaa,1997. -14
n.-?on.-Aeai.a AIOA Oe?aei? 24.06.96, N1495 OE-96.

8. Iioei?caoe?y ??oaiue caaea/? noeniaiiy n?oueiai? iiaeae? o
aoae?aieoeoa?/Ai?ao?aee A.A.:Ee?a.aea?ae.oaoi.oi-o.aoae-aa oa
a?o?oaeoo?e, Eeaa,1997.- 4 n. -Oe?.-Aeai.a AeIOA Oe?a?ie 03.02.97, N114
-Oe97.

9. Iaoiaee/i? aeac?aee aei aeeiiaiiy ?ic?aooieiai? oa eaai?aoi?ii?
?ia?o «Aeei?enoaiiy iaoiaeo IA?O i?e ioe?ioe? iaae?eiino? aeeiiaiiy
??oaiue oi?aae?iiy aoae?aieoeoaii» /Neeaae A.A.Ai?ao?aee,
I.A.?ciaeeiaa.- E.: EAeOOAA,1997._11 n.

Ai?ao?aee A.A. Iiaeae? oa iaoiaee i?eeiyooy ??oaiue i?e ieaioaaii?
i?aai?caoe?eii-oaoiieia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee nii?oaeaeaiiy ia’?eo?a
aoae?aieoeoaa. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaith eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 08.06.01 — Aeiiii?ea i?aei?e?inoaa oa i?aai?caoe?y
ae?iaieoeoaa (oaoi?/i? iaoee).- Ee?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee
oi?aa?neoao aoae?aieoeoaa ? a?o?oaeoo?e, Ee?a, 1998 ?.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia ?ic?iaoe? iiaeaeae ? iaoiae?a i?eeiyooy
aoaeoeaieo ??oaiue ieaioaaiiy i?aai?caoe?eii-oaoiieia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee
caaaeaiiy ia’?eo?a aoae?aieoeoaa, ui iia’ycai? a ?aeeio eiiieaenio
oaoiieia?th. Ieaioaaiiy ??oaiue i?iiiio?oueny i?iaiaeeoe ia
aaaaoiaa??aioi?e iniia? c aeei?enoaiiyi aeueoa?iaoeaieo n?oueiaeo
iiaeaeae aeaoa?i?iiaaiiai oa aeaoa?i?iiaaii-noioanoe/iiai oa?aeoa?o.
Cai?iiiiiaai? iaoiaee aeai?o ??oaiue ia iniia? ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo
e?eoa???a oa ?o noeoiiino?. Aaeineiiaeai? iaoiaee ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai iieno
aeueoa?iaoeaieo n?oueiaeo iiaeaeae ia aac? aeaieo ??ciiai nooiaiy
aecia/aiino?, ?iia??ieo aeaieo oa ca oiiaith iaaecia/aiino? aeaieo.
Aeine?aeaeai? oeyoe oa cai?iiiiiaai? iaoiaee cieaeaiiy ?ici??iino?
aaaaoiaa??aioiiai i?aai?caoe?eii-oaoiieia?/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy.
Aaeineiiaeai? iaoiaee ioe?iee iaae?eiino? ieaio?ieo ??oaiue.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: i?eeiyooy ??oaiue, aeueoa?iaoeaia n?oueiaa
iiaeaethaaiiy, ?ioi?iaoe?eiee iien iiaeae?, aaaaoie?eoa??ia iinoaiiaea
caaea/?, e?eoa??e «/an-aa?o?noue».

Ai?ao?aee A.A. Iiaeaee e iaoiaeu i?eiyoey ?aoaiee i?e ieaie?iaaiee
i?aaiecaoeeiiii-oaoiieiae/aneie iiaeaioiaee aicaaaeaiey ia’aeoia
no?ieoaeuenoaa. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.06.01 — Yeiiiieea i?aaei?eyoey e i?aaiecaoeey
i?iecaiaenoaa (oaoie/aneea iaoee).- Eeaaneee ainoaea?noaaiiue
oieaa?neoao no?ieoaeuenoaa e a?oeoaeoo?u, Eeaa, 1998 a.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia ?ac?aaioea iiaeaeae e iaoiaeia i?eiyoey
yooaeoeaiuo ?aoaiee ieaie?iaaiey i?aaiecaoeeiiii-oaoiieiae/aneie
iiaeaioiaee aicaaaeaiey iauaeoia no?ieoaeuenoaa, oaycaiuo a aaeeioth
eiiieaenioth oaoiieiaeth. Ieaie?iaaiea ?aoaiee i?aaeeaaaaony i?iaiaeeoue
ia iiiaiaa?eaioiie iniiaa n eniieueciaaieai aeueoa?iaoeaiuo naoaauo
iiaeaeae aeaoa?ieie?iaaiiiai e aeaoa?ieie?iaaii-noioanoe/aneiai
oa?aeoa?a. I?aaeeiaeaiu iiaeaee e iaoiaeu auai?a ?aoaiee ia iniiaa
eiaeeaeaeoaeueiuo e?eoa?eaa e eo niaieoiiinoe. Oniaa?oainoaiaaiu iaoiaeu
eioi?iaoeeiiiiai iienaiey aeueoa?iaoeaiuo naoaauo iiaeaeae ia iniiaa
aeaiiuo iieiie ii?aaeaeaiiinoe, aa?iyoiinoiuo aeaiiuo e a oneiaeyo
iaii?aaeaeaiiinoe aeaiiuo.Enneaaeiaaiu iooe e i?aaeeiaeaiu iaoiaeu
nieaeaiey ?acia?iinoe iiiaiaa?eaioiiai i?aaiecaoeeiiii-oaoiieiae/aneiai
iiaeaee?iaaiey. Oniaa?oainoaiaaiu iaoiaeu ioeaiee iaaeaaeiinoe
ieaie?oaiuo ?aoaiee.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: i?eiyoea ?aoaiee, aeueoa?iaoeaiia naoaaia
iiaeaee?iaaiea, eioi?iaoeeiiiia iienaiea iiaeaee, iiiaie?eoa?eaeueiay
iinoaiiaea caaea/e, e?eoa?ee «a?aiy-noieiinoue».

Gorguraky A.V. Models and methods of acceptance of the decisions with
planning organisation and technological preparation of erection of
objects construction.- Manuscript.

Dissertation on competition of a scientific degree of the candidate of
engineering science on a speciality 08.06.01 — Economy of the enterprise
and organising of manufacture (engineering science). — Kiev state
university of construction and architecture, Kiev, 1998.

The dissertation is devoted to development of models and methods of
acceptance of the effective decisions of planning of organisational and
technological preparation of erection of objects of construction,
coordinated in uniform complex technology. The planning of the decisions
is offered to be carried out(spent) on a multialternative basis with use
of alternative network models determined and determine — stochastic
character. The models and methods of a choice of the decisions are
offered on the basis of individual criteria and their set. The methods
of the information description of alternative network models are
advanced on the basis of the data complete definiteness, data with a
degree of probability and in conditions of uncertainty of the data. The
ways are investigated and the methods of decrease(reduction) of
dimension of multialternative organisational and technological modeling
are offered. The methods of an estimation of reliability of the planned
decisions are advanced.

Key words: acceptance of the decisions, alternative network modeling,
information description of model, statement of a task with many
criteria, criterion “time — cost”.

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