?inoeooo caaaeueii? aia?aaoeee

IAI Oe?a?ie

O?eoiiia Aeieo?i Aieiaeeie?iae/

OAeE 621.311.004.14:622.012.2:622.33

Iiaeae? ? iaoiaee i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy

aeaeo?iaia?a?? o ae?iaie/eo nenoaiao

(ia i?eeeaaei aoaieueieo oaoo)

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 05.14.01 – Aia?aaoe/i? nenoaie oa eiiieaene

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a – 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Iaoe?iiaeueiiio oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? Oe?a?ie
SYMBOL 147 \f «Times New Roman» \s 14 “ Ee?anueeee iie?oaoi?/iee
?inoeooo SYMBOL 148 \f «Times New Roman» \s 14 ” (IOOO SYMBOL 147 \f
«Times New Roman» \s 14 “ EI? SYMBOL 148 \f «Times New Roman» \s 14 ” )
I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

?icai A?eoi? Iao?iae/, IOOO SYMBOL
147 \f «Times New Roman» \s 14 “ EI? SYMBOL 148 \f «Times New Roman» \s
14 ”

i?ioani? eaoaae?e aaoiiaoecaoe??

a??ie/i? i?iieneiaino?

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe,

noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

Iiainaeueoeaa Ieaenaiae? A?eoi?iae/,

?inoeooo caaaeueii? aia?aaoeee IAI
Oe?a?ie,

i.Ee?a, i?ia?aeiee iaoeiaee
ni?a?ia?oiee

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe,

noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee,

Eae?i/ee Aaneeue I?ieiiiae/,

aee?aeoi? IAe? aia?aaoeee oa

aaoiiaoeee SYMBOL 147 \f «Times New
Roman» \s 14 “ Aia?a?y SYMBOL 148 \f «Times New Roman» \s 14 ” , i.Ee?a

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa ?inoeooo aeaeo?iaeeiai?ee IAI Oe?a?ie, i.Ee?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny SYMBOL 147 \f «Times New Roman» \s 14 “ 21
SYMBOL 148 \f «Times New Roman» \s 14 ” n?/iy 1999?. i 14 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.223.01 ?inoeoooo
caaaeueii? ai?aaoeee IAI Oe?a?ie (254070, Ee?a–70, Iie?ianueea,11)

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo
caaaeueii? aia?aaoeee IAI Oe?a?ie (254070, Ee?a–70, Iie?ianueea, 11)

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee SYMBOL 147 \f «Times New Roman» \s 14 “ 10
SYMBOL 148 \f «Times New Roman» \s 14 ” a?oaeiy 1998?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Iaeueie/oe E.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. O caaaeueiiio eiiieaen? i?iaeai ?icaeoeo
aeaeo?iaia?aaoeee Oe?a?ie aaaeeeaa i?noea a oiiaao no/aniiai aeao?oeeoo
iaeeaii-aia?aaoe/ieo ?ano?n?a caeiathoue ieoaiiy aia?aicaa?aaeaiiy o
an?o aaeocyo i?iieneiaino?, a oiio /ene? ? ia a??ie/iaeiaoaieo
i?aei?e?inoaao. Ieoiia aeaeo?iniiaeeaaiiy ia ??cieo oaooao neeaaea?
15…80 eAo SYMBOL 183 \f «Times New Roman» \s 14 · aiae/o ? a?eueoa, a
a oe?eiio ii Oe?a?i? – iaeia ?c iaeaeueo a Aa?ii?. Aeiey aeo?ao ia
aeaeo?iaia?a?th o aoa?eueii? aaeoc? ca inoaii? ?iee i?aeaeueeanue ia 3,5
%. Oea iia SYMBOL 162 \f «Symbol» \s 14 c ycaii c? niaaeii ae?iaieoeoaa
oa iaiao?aei?noth i?aeo?eiee i?aei?e SYMBOL 186 \f «Times New Roman» \s
14 ? inoaa a ?iai/iio noai?. Iacaaaeath/e ia oea ? cia/i? iiaeeeaino?
aeey aeiiii?? aia?aaoe/ieo ?ano?n?a, na?aae yeeo aeiey aeaeo?iaia?a?? a
aia?aicaa?aaeaii? neeaaea? a na?aaeiueiio 25–30 % aai i?eaeecii 2 % a?ae
??aiy aia?ainiiaeeaaiiy. O ca SYMBOL 162 \f «Symbol» \s 14 c yceo c oeei
aia?aicaa?aaeaiiy aiaeiineoueny aei iaeiiai ?c iniiaieo iai?yi?a
i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa ? ? aea?aeaaiith
iie?oeeith Oe?a?ie. I?i ui na?ae/eoue i?eeiyooy a 1994 ?. Aa?oiaiith
?aaeith Oe?a?ie Caeiio SYMBOL 147 \f «Times New Roman» \s 14 “ I?i
aia?aicaa?aaeaiiy SYMBOL 148 \f «Times New Roman» \s 14 ” ? o 1996 ?.
Eiiieaenii? aea?aeaaii? I?ia?aie aia?aicaa?aaeaiiy.

I?aeaeuaiiy aia?aiaoaeoeaiino? ia a??ie/iaeiaoaieo i?aei?e?inoaao a
no/anieo oiiaao iaaoaa? iniaeeai? aaaeiino?, eiee iiaeeeaino?
aenoaineaiiai aeei?enoaiiy aia?ai?ano?n?a noathoue ana a?eueoa
iaiaaeaieie, a ieoaiiy aeiiii?? aeo?ao aeaeo?iaia?a?? /anoi ae??oo?oueny
oeyoii oi?iaeueiiai aeeiiaiiy iai?aaeaieo SYMBOL 147 \f «Times New
Roman» \s 14 “ caa?oo SYMBOL 148 \f «Times New Roman» \s 14 ”
aee?aeoeaieo aeac?aie aac aeinoaoiueiai aeei?enoaiiy iaoeiai
iaa?oioiaaieo iieaciee?a aia?ai?iiino? oa aeaeo?iaaeain?a oaoiieia?/ieo
i?ioean?a. Aeey ioe?iie aoaeoeaiino? aeaeo?iaeei?enoaiiy iaiaoiaeii
i?iaaaeaiiy ia SYMBOL 162 \f «Symbol» \s 14 c ?iieo aeine?aeaeaiue
ooieoe?iioaaiiy aeaeo?iainiiaea?noaa, aecia/aiiy oaeoi?iiai iiey,
oi?ioth/iai aeaeo?iniiaeeaaiiy, iiaoaeiae aaaaoii??ieo eeaneo?eaoe?e
ai?ie/iaeiaoaieo iiaei?e?inoa.

Inioth/? i?aeoiaee aei aeiiii?? aeaeo?iaia?a?? ia oaooao ia a iiai?e
i??? o?aoiaothoue oaoiieia?th aoaeaaeiaoaaiiy, ca SYMBOL 162 \f «Symbol»
\s 14 c ycai? ?c ca?eueoaiiyi eai?oaeueieo aeeaaeaiue, ia cieaeothoue
no?ie ieoiiino? ?, ui iniaeeai aaaeeeai, ia aeei?enoiaothoue iia?
iai?yiee i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? aia?aicaa?aaeaiiy, iai?eeeaae,
aia?aaoe/iee aoaeeo, yeiio ca inoaii? ?iee i?eae?ey?oueny iniaeeaa oaaaa
? a Oe?a?i?, ? ca ei?aeiiii. Cie?aia, ca ei?aeiiii aii iiaeiai aooe iaia
SYMBOL 162 \f «Symbol» \s 14 c yceiaei aeey an?o i?aei?e?inoa ye niin?a
iie?ioaiiy ?icaeoeo ae?iaieoeoaa, cieaeaiiy nia?aa?oino? ? i?aeaeuaiiy
yeino? i?iaeoeoe??.

Caei?aeiiiee aeina?ae iieaco?, ui a iiaeaeueoiio aia?aaoe/iee aoaeeo
aoaea i?aeianaii aei ?aiao iaeaaaeeea?oiai caniao aee?eooy ?aca?a?a
iioei?caoe?? ?aaeei?a aeaeo?iniiaeeaaiiy oa no?aoaa?/iiai i?aeoiaeo aei
caeiaooeo aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy aeaeo?iaia?a?? o an?o noa?ao
ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa. Oea, a naith /a?ao, iio?aao? ?ic?iaee
iaoiaee/iiai, ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai oa i?ia?aiiiai caaacia/aiiy aia?aaoe/iiai
aoaeeoo c aeei?enoaiiyi no/aniiai iaoaiaoe/iiai aia?aoo. Aiae?c noaio
?icaeoeo aoa?eueii? i?iieneiaino?, yeee iieaco? ia ci?ie i?iii?oe?e i?ae
aeiiii?/iei c?inoaiiyi oa aia?ainiiaeeaaiiyi i?aeoaa?aeaeo?, ui
?oo?eiith neeith aia?aicaa?aaeaiiy noa? ia?ao?ae aei ?ano?ni- oa
aia?aicaa??aathuiai oeio oaooieo ae?iaie/eo nenoai.

Cia/iee aianie a ?ica SYMBOL 162 \f «Symbol» \s 14 c ycaiiy i?iaeaie
?aoe?iiaeueiiai aeei?enoaiiy aeaeo?iaia?a?? o ae?iaie/eo nenoaiao aianee
?iaioe aeaeaoieo a/aieo: A.I. Aa?eiaa-Ea?iaooiaa, N.A. Aieioeianueeiai,
A.I. Aeiineaanueeiai, I.I. Eoeeea, I.A. Iiainaeueoeaaa, A.A. I?aiyea,
A.A. I?aoiaieea, A.A. Oiieaey, A.E. Oeaeeianueeiai, A.I. Eae?i/eea, A.I.
?icaia oa ?i.

?acii c oei, ia aeeaey/enue ia aaeeeo e?euee?noue ?ia?o ? aaaaoi??/io
i?aoeth a aaeoc? aeiiii?? aeaeo?e/ii? aia?a??, i?iaeaia aoaeoeaiiai
aeaeo?iaeei?enoaiiy ia a??ie/iaeiaoaieo i?aei?e?inoaao a no/anieo
e?eciaeo oiiaao aeiiii?ee e?a?ie ? aeoaea aaaeeeaith.

Ca SYMBOL 162 \f «Symbol» \s 14 c ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie,
ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aea?aiee iai?yiie aeine?aeaeaiue iia SYMBOL 162 \f
«Symbol» \s 14 c ycaiee c ieaiii aea?aeaaii? noaiaea?oecaoei? Oe?a?ie a
/anoeii iiaeaea?aeaaii? ia 1995 ?. Iic.2.187 (Aeiaiai? 721-95/827-95
aiae 07.06.1995 ?. Oe?.IAeINNI Aea?aenoaiaea?oa Oe?a?ie c IIA IAI
Oe?a?ie), a oaeiae c ieaiii IAe? eaoaae?e aeaeo?iiinoa/aiiy IOO Oe?a?ie
SYMBOL 147 \f «Times New Roman» \s 14 “ EI? SYMBOL 148 \f «Times New
Roman» \s 14 ” .

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiue. I?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? iaoiaee/iiai oa
iaoaiaoe/iiai caaacia/aiiy aia?aaoe/iiai aoaeeoo (aeaeo?e/ia /anoeia)
a??ie/iaeiaoaieo i?aei?e?inoa.

Aeey ?? ?aae?caoe?? iinoaaeai? ? ?ica SYMBOL 162 \f «Symbol» \s 14 c
ycai? ianooii? caaea/?.

1. Oai?aoe/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy iaoiaee/ieo iieiaeaiue aia?aaoe/iiai
aoaeeoo ? iii?oi?eiao aoaeoeaiino? aeaeo?iaeei?enoaiiy o oaooieo
ae?iaie/eo nenoaiao ca aeiiiiiaith no/anieo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy,
iiaeaethaaiiy, iioei?caoe?? ? i?iaiicoaaiiy.

2. Iaa?oiooaaiiy ? aecia/aiiy ?ioi?iaoeaieo oaeoi??a ? iieaciee?a
aia?aiaoaeoeaiino? ?c canoinoaaiiyi oaeoi?iiai aiae?co.

3. Oeiieia?/ia eeaneo?eaoe?y oaooieo ae?iaie/eo nenoai iaoiaeii
?aiaiai? ei?aeyoe?? ? aeene?ei?iaioiiai aiae?co.

4. Aecia/aiiy iaeii?iaeiino? oeiiaeo a?oi aoa?eueieo oaoo ii
?eaeo?iaeei?enoaiith iaoiaeii eeanoa?iiai aiae?co.

5. Iiaoaeiaa iaoaiaoe/ieo ?aa?an?eieo iiaeaeae oa ?o iioei?caoe?y ca
e?eoa??yie: ieoiiiai aeaeo?iniiaeeaaiiy, i?iaeoeoeaiino? oa nia?aa?oino?
aeiaoaieo ae?eyiie aoa?eueieo eaa.

6. Iiaoaeiaa ? i?iaiicoaaiiy eiiieaeniiai iieacieea aia?aiaoaeoeaiino?
oaooieo ae?iaie/eo nenoai ca aeiiiiiaith aiae?oe/iiai oa
aaaaoioaeoi?iiai aiae?co, iaoiae?a eeaneo?eaoe?? ? aiae?co /aniaeo
?yae?a.

7. ?ic?iaea iaoiaeeee aia?aaoe/iiai aoaeeoo oaooieo ae?iaie/eo nenoai oa
?? ai?ia?oe?y a oiiaao AeOE «Iaaeia?aaeaoa?eey».

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

1. Iaa?oioiaaia ? aeeiiaia oeiieia?/ia oa iie?oaoe/ia eeaneo?eaoe?y
ae?th/eo a??ie/iaeiaoaieo i?aei?e?inoa, yea ni?yiiaaia ia i?aeaeuaiiy
yeino? i?iaeoieo oa iaiaaeaea?nueeeo ??oaiue ca e?eoa???i
aia?aiaeei?enoaiiy.

2. Iaa?oioiaaia ? aia?oa ?ic?iaeaia aaaaoie?eoa??aeueia iioei?caoe?eia
iiaeaeue aecia/aiiy oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a aoa?eueieo eaa, ui
a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae a?aeiieo iae?eii oaeeo e?eoa???a ye ieoiia
aeaeo?iniiaeeaaiiy, i?iaeoeoeai?noue oa nia?aa?o?noue ? aeicaiey?
i?aeaeueoe aoaeoeai?noue aia?aiaeei?enoaiiy.

3. Cai?iiiiiaaii iiaee ocaaaeueiaiee e?eoa??e ioe?iee
aia?aiaoaeoeaiino? ia iniia? oai??? ?ici?ciaaaiiy ia?ac?a c o?aooaaiiyi
?ioi?iaoeaiiai oaeoi?iiai i?inoi?o, oi?ioth/iai ?aaeei
aeaeo?iniiaeeaaiiy aoa?eueieo oaoo.

4. Iiaoaeiaaia aiae?oe/ia iiaeaeue eiiieaeniiai oaeniiii?/iiai
iieacieea aia?aiaoaeoeaiino?, eio?a aeicaiey? ioe?ieoe aieea ia iueiai
ea?iaaieo oaeoi??a oa ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea eiai i?iaiicoaaiiy, yea
a?aoiao? aeeiai?eo niiaeeaaiiy aeaeo?iaia?a?? ? aeicaiey? i?iaiaeeoe
eiio?ieue ca aia?aiaoaeoeai?noth oaooieo ae?iaie/eo nenoai.

5. ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea aia?aaoe/iiai aoaeeoo (aeaeo?e/ia /anoeia) c
aeei?enoaiiyi iiaeo i?aeoiae?a i?ae /an ioe?iee aia?aiaoaeoeaiino?
oaooieo ae?iaie/eo nenoai.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy
aeicaieythoue:

– ciaioeoe ieoii? aeo?aoe aeaeo?iaia?a?? ? i?aeaeueoe
aia?aiaoaeoeai?noue iaoai?ci?a aoa?eueieo eaa oeyoii canoinoaaiiy
aaaaoie?eoa??aeueii? iioei?caoe?eii? iiaeae? oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a
aeiaoaieo ae?eyiie;

– i?aeaeueoe ??aaiue iaoiaee/iiai, ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai ? i?ia?aiiiai
caaacia/aiiy aia?aaoe/ii?, aeeniao/a?nueei? oa ?ioeo neoaea, ca SYMBOL
162 \f «Symbol» \s 14 c ycaieo c eiio?ieai oa oi?aae?iiyi ?aaeei?a
aeaeo?iniiaeeaaiiy ia a??ie/iaeiaoaieo i?aei?e?inoaao;

– i?aeaeueoe iaae?ei?noue ? ye?noue i?iaeoieo ??oaiue ia ae?th/eo
a??ie/iaeiaoaieo i?aei?e?inoaao ca e?eoa???i aia?aiaeei?enoaiiy;

– ye?nii ioe?ieoe aeo?aoe aeaeo?iaia?a?? ca aeiiiiiaith iiaiai
eiiieaeniiai oaeniiii?/iiai iieacieea aia?aiaoaeoeaiino?, o?aoiaoth/e
aeeiai?eo aeaeo?iniiaeeaaiiy ia aoa?eueieo oaooao;

– caaacia/eoe aoaeeoi?nuee?e a?oi? ei?aeoia aecia/aiiy oaeoi??a, ca
?aooiie yeeo aeieea? iaaoaeoeaia niiaeeaaiiy aeaeo?iaia?a?? oa ?ic?iaeo
oi?aaeyth/eo ae?e aeey eiai i?aeaeuaiiy;

– cae?enithaaoe i?iaiicio ioe?ieo ? aeia?aaeaeath/ee eiio?ieue ca
aia?aiaoaeoeai?noth aoa?eueieo oaoo;

– i?aeaeueoe ye?noue ?iaioe a?oi aia?aiaoaeeoi??a i?e ianoaaeaii?
aeaeo?iainiiaea?noaa ? ioe?ioe? aoaeoeaiino? aeaeo?iaeei?enoaiiy oaooieo
ae?iaie/eo nenoai.

Iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe aeei?enoai? i?e ?ic?iaoe? Aea?aeaaieo
noaiaea?o?a c aia?aicaa?aaeaiiy, ye? i?eeiyo? aeey canoinoaaiiy o
aoa?euei?e i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie oa aea?aeaaao NIAe, a oaeiae aeiaaaeai?
aei iaoiaee/ieo aeac?aie oa o?aaiaio?a i?ia?aiiiai caaacia/aiiy A?I
aia?aiaoaeeoi?a, ?aae?ciaai? i?e ii?ioaaii? aeo?ao aeaeo?iaia?a??,
?aaoethaaii? ?aaeei?a aeaeo?iniiaeeaaiiy, ?ic?iaoe? caoiae?a aeey
i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? aeaeo?iaeei?enoaiiy ia oaooao SYMBOL 147 \f
«Times New Roman» \s 14 “ Oa?iianueea SYMBOL 148 \f «Times New Roman» \s
14 ” , SYMBOL 147 \f «Times New Roman» \s 14 “ Naia?nueea SYMBOL 148 \f
«Times New Roman» \s 14 ” , SYMBOL 147 \f «Times New Roman» \s 14 “
Iaaeia?aaenueea SYMBOL 148 \f «Times New Roman» \s 14 ” AeOE SYMBOL
147 \f «Times New Roman» \s 14 “ Iaaeia?aaeaoa?eey SYMBOL 148 \f «Times
New Roman» \s 14 ” ca?aeii ?c cai?iiiiiaaiith iaoiaeeeith aia?aaoe/iiai
aoaeeoo a??ie/iaeiaoaieo i?aei?e?inoa. ??/ia aeiiii?y aeo?ao ia
aeaeo?iaia?a?th a?ae ?aae?caoe?? ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe ia iacaaieo
i?aei?e?inoaao neeaaea? 50 oen.a?i.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoei?. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ? ?? ie?ai? ?acoeueoaoe aeieeaaeai? ia
ne?aeoth/eo eiioa?aioe?yo oa ia?aaeao:

– 1-e I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? SYMBOL 147 \f «Times
New Roman» \s 14 “ Iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaethaaiiy a aeaeo?ioaoi?oe? ?
aeaeo?iaia?aaoeoe? SYMBOL 148 \f «Times New Roman» \s 14 ” (i.Euea?a,
1995?.)

– I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? SYMBOL 147 \f «Times New
Roman» \s 14 “ No/ani? oaoiieia?? aeiiii?/iiai ? aacia/iiai ae?iaieoeoaa
oa aeei?enoaiiy aeaeo?iaia?a?? SYMBOL 148 \f «Times New Roman» \s 14 ”
(i.Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1997?.)

– oaoi?/iiio eii?oao? IOE ? 111 SYMBOL 147 \f «Times New Roman» \s 14 “
Aia?aicaa?aaeaiiy SYMBOL 148 \f «Times New Roman» \s 14 ” (i.Ee?a,
1995?.)

– ui??/ieo iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo
i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai neeaaeo Iaoe?iiaeueiiai oaoi?/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo Oe?a?ie SYMBOL 147 \f «Times New Roman» \s 14 “ EI?
SYMBOL 148 \f «Times New Roman» \s 14 ” a 1995–1997?.?.

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 7 iaoeiaeo ?ia?o
(noaoo?, aea?aeaaii noaiaea?oe Oe?a?ie, aeiiia?ae?).

No?oeoo?a ? ia SYMBOL 162 \f «Symbol» \s 14 c ?i ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y
neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, /ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, i?noeoue 116
noi??iie iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, a oaeiae 17 ?ethno?aoe?e ia 12 noi??ieao,
15 oaaeeoeue ia 10 noi??ieao, nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae ?c 133
iaeiaioaaiue ia 12 noi??ieao oa 8 aeiaeaoe?a ia 69 noi??ieao.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue ? aaaeeea?noue i?iaeaie,
noi?ioeueiaaia iaoeiaa iiaecia oa i?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue iaea?aeaieo
?acoeueoao?a.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? i?iaaaeaiee aiae?c noaiiaeua aia?aicaa?aaeaiiy o
aoa?euei?e i?iieneiaino? ye iaei??? ?c aia?ai?iieo aaeocae ia?iaeiiai
ainiiaea?noaa e?a?ie.

No/ania neooaoe?y o no?oeoo?i aeaeo?iaeei?enoaiiy ai?ie/iaeiaoaieo
iiaei?e?inoa aeineoue neeaaeia. Niinoa?iaa?oueny cieaeaiiy aoaeoeaiinoi
niiaeeaaiiy aeaeo?e/ii? aia?ai?. Iaiaoiaeii iia? i?aeoiaee aeey ??
i?aeaeuaiiy, ye? aoee a iaa?oioiaai? aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/ii oa cae?eniai?
oaoi?/ii. Na?oiaee aeina?ae iieaco?, ui aeey ?ica SYMBOL 162 \f «Symbol»
\s 14 c ycaiiy oaei? caaea/? o ae?iaie/eo nenoaiao aeioe?eueii
i?iaaaeaiiy aia?aaoe/iiai aoaeeoo – ?aoaeueiiai ianoaaeaiiy
aeaeo?iainiiaea?noaa, ioe?iee aia?aiaoaeoeaiino? oa ?ic?iaee caoiae?a ii
aeiiii?? aeaeo?iaia?a??.

Ia aaci nenoaiii-no?oeoo?iiai aiae?co noi?ioeueiaaii iniiai? caaea/?
aia?aaoe/iiai aoaeeoo. Aeeiiaii aiae?c iiaeaeae ? iaoiae?a iaoaiaoe/iiai
caaacia/aiiy ia noaae?? i?iaeoiiai oa aia?aiiaiaaeaea?nueeiai ?ica
SYMBOL 162 \f «Symbol» \s 14 c ycaiiy caaea/ aia?aaoe/iiai aoaeeoo.

?icaeyiooa eiiieaenia aeeiai?/ia iiaeaeue aoa?eueii? oaooe, yea
neeaaea?oueny ?c o?ueio i?aeiiaeaeae aia?ai?iieo oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a
aia?ainiiaeeaaiiy, oi?aae?iiy ? ieaioaaiiy, ?c yei? iiaeia aeae?eeoe
noeoii?noue e?eoa???a aia?aiaoaeoeaiino? aeey iiaoaeiae
aaaaoie?eoa?iaeueieo iioei?caoe?eieo ?aa?an?eieo iiaeaeae (ieoiiiai
aeaeo?iniiaeeaaiiy, i?iaeoeoeaiino? ? nia?aa?oino? aeiaoaieo ae?eyiie,
iaae?eiino? aeaeo?iiinoa/aiiy oa ?i.).

I?iaiae?ciaai? iaoiaeieia?/i? aniaeoe aia?aaoe/iiai aoaeeoo oaooieo
ae?iaie/eo nenoai (OAN). C o?aooaaiiyi nenoaiii-no?oeoo?iiai iiaeoiaeo
aeeeaaeaii iiiyooy, iieacai? oe?e?, iia? niiniae ? e?eoa??? ioe?iee
aia?aiaoaeoeaiino?. Noi?ioeueiaai? iniiai? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? iaa?oioiaaia ?ioi?iaoe?eia aaca aia?aaoe/iiai
aoaeeoo OAN. Aeeeaaeaii oai?aoeei-?ioi?iaoe?eiee i?aeo?ae aei ?ica
SYMBOL 162 \f «Symbol» \s 14 c ycaiiy caaea/? eeaneo?eaoe?? aoa?eueieo
oaoo ?c o?aooaaiiyi iniaeeainoae ? oaeoi??a oaoiieia?? aoaeaaeiaoaaiiy,
?aaeei?a ?iaioe aia?ai?iieo i?ioean?a oa aeaeo?iniiaeeaaiiy. Aeey
ioe?iee aia?aiaoaeoeaiino? iiaoaeiaaia noaia ?n?eaaa oi?ioaaiiy
oaeoi?iiai aca?iica SYMBOL 162 \f «Symbol» \s 14 c yceo, yea
aeei?enoiao?oueny aeey aeyaeaiiy aieeao neeaaeo oaeoi??a ia ia SYMBOL
162 \f «Symbol» \s 14 c ?eo aiae?co ? c aecia/aiiyi ?o cia/ouino?, i?e
oeueiio aeaeieaie a?oie oaeoi?ia: a??ie/i-aaieia?/i?, oaoiieia?/i?,
ee?iaoe/i?, i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/i?, oaoi?/i?. Cae?eniaia oeiieia?/ia
eeaneo?eaoe?y ae?th/eo aoa?eueieo oaoo AeOE SYMBOL 147 \f «Times New
Roman» \s 14 “ Iaaeia?aaeaoa?eey SYMBOL 148 \f «Times New Roman» \s 14 ”
ia iniia? ?nioth/i? ca?oiino? ca aeiaaino?ieiaee ia??iae (1973–1993
?.?.).

Oi?iae?caoe?y oaeoi?iiai aca?iica SYMBOL 162 \f «Symbol» \s 14 c yceo
cae?enithaaeanue iaoiaeii ?aiaiai? ei?aeyoe?? c o?aooaaiiyi 12
oaoiieia?/ieo oaeoi??a: x1 – ??/ia aeiaoaaiiy; x2 – caaaeueiee ia SYMBOL
162 \f «Symbol» \s 14 c ?i i?iaaaeaieo ae?iaie; x3 – e?euee?noue i/enieo
caai?a; x4 – iaaaioaaeaiiy ia i/eniee caa?e; x5 – iiooaei?noue ieanoo;
x6 – i?eieea aiaee; x7 – e?euee?noue iaoaia ia 1 o.; x8 – /enaeuei?noue
ia?niiaeo; x9 – oaeaee?noue i?iaaaeaiiy i?aeaioia/eo ae?iaie; x10 –
??aaiue eiiaaeiiaiai i?iaaaeaiiy ae?iaie; x11 – aeiaaeeia eaae; x12 –
aeeaeia ?ic?iaee. Iiaoaeiaaia iao?eoey ?aia?a ?ioi?iaoeaieo oaeoi??a ?
i?iaaaeaia ia?aa??ea iaae?eiino? a?oiiai? aenia?oii? ioe?iee ca
eiao?oe??ioii eiiei?aeaoe?? Eaiaeaeea W. Cia/ou?noue oaeoe/iiai
eiao?oe??ioo eiiei?aeaoe?? aecia/aia ca e?eoa???i SYMBOL 99 \f «Symbol»
\s 14 c 2 I??niia oa i?e caaeai?e iaae?eiino? P= 0,95 oa /ene? nooiai?a
naiaiaee f = 11 oaeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeey ?icieo oaoo ciaoiaeeoueny a
iaaeao 0,8…0,88. Aiiioaca i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny aeinoaoiuei aenieith
nooi?iith ocaiaeaeaiino? iiaeyaeo aenia?o?a ia anth noeoii?noue ia
SYMBOL 162 \f «Symbol» \s 14 c ?eo?a aiae?co.

Aeey ?ica SYMBOL 162 \f «Symbol» \s 14 c ycaiiy iioei?caoe?eieo caaea/
(3 ?icaeie) noi?iiaaii oaeoi?iee i?ino?? ? c?iaeaii SYMBOL 147 \f
«Times New Roman» \s 14 “ noeniaiiy SYMBOL 148 \f «Times New Roman» \s
14 ” ?ioi?iaoe?? iaoiaeii aieiaieo eiiiiiaio. Iaea?aeaia eiaa?eaoe?eia
iao?eoey SYMBOL 229 \f «Symbol» \s 16 a y aieiaieo eiiiiiaio y(1), …
, y(p), aecia/aia a?aeiinia aeiey aeenia?n?? eiiiiiaioe, neeaaeaii
aeai?eoi SYMBOL 147 \f «Times New Roman» \s 14 “ noeniaiiy SYMBOL 148
\f «Times New Roman» \s 14 ” ?ioi?iaoe?? ? i?ia?aia ?ic?aooieo ia
aeai?eoi?/ii? iia? SYMBOL 147 \f «Times New Roman» \s 14 “ Ianeaeue
SYMBOL 148 \f «Times New Roman» \s 14 ” . Aeae?eai? iaea?eueo cia/ou?
oaoiieia?/i? oaeoi?e (??/ia aeiaoaaiiy, iaaaioaaeaiiy ia i/eniee caa?e,
/enaeuei?noue ia?niiaeo, aeiaaeeia eaae, i?eieea aiaee a oaooo), ye?
/eiyoue nooo?aee aieea ia oi?ioaaiiy aeaeo?iniiaeeaaiiy aoa?eueieo oaoo.

. ?icae?eyth/a iiaa?oiy T={ x SYMBOL 206 \f «Symbol» \s 14 I Rn : f(
x ) = 0}, aea f( x ) – ooieoe?y a?ae n ci?iieo; x = ( x1, … , xn) –
aaeoi?e oaoiieia?/ieo oaeoi??a. E?ioeaaa iiiaeeia ia? aeaeyae:

,

,

Aeey ?iciiaeieo iiiaeei M ? N neeaaeaia nenoaia a?aeiioaiue:

O?aoiaoth/e i?eeiyoee eean F e?i?eieo ooieoe?e

f (x)= f(x1, x4, x5, x6, x7, x8, x10, x11, x12)=a1x1+ a4x4+ a5x5+ a6x6+

+a7x7+a8x8+a10x10+a11x11+ a12x12

A?aeiia?aeii aecia/aiei ?ioi?iaoe?eiei oaeoi?ai neeaaeaia nenoaia
ia?iaiinoae oa ciaeaeaii ?ioaiiy c aeei?enoaiiyi neiieaen-iaoiaea i
iaea?aeaia ?icaeieyth/a ooieoeiy:

f(x)= -3,5 x1 + 6 x4 — 2500 x5 — 11 x6 +

+ 274 x7 + 24 x10 +14 x11 — 6,5 x12

Oeiieia?/ia eeaneo?eaoe?y aeicaieeea aeae?eeoe aea? iaeiioeiia? a?oie
aeecuee? aai iaeiaeia? ca oiiaaie aoaeaaeiaoaaiiy, i?aai?caoe??
ae?iaieoeoaa:

a?oia I – oaooe 7, 8, 9, 10; a?oia – II oaooe 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6.

Iaa?oioiaaia iaeii??aei?noue iaea?aeaieo oeiiaeo a?oi aoa?eueieo oaoo
ii aeaeo?iaeei?enoaiith. C oe??th iaoith aeeiiaia iie?oaoe/ia
eeaneo?eaoe?y ca aeiiiiiaith eeanoa?iiai aiae?co ?c aeei?enoaiiyi
aaciaeo aeaeo?e/ieo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oa?aeoa?enoee. Neeaaeaii aeai?eoi oa
i?ia?aia ?ic?aooieo ei?aeyoe?eii? iao?eoe?, SYMBOL 147 \f «Times New
Roman» \s 14 “ aaee?aeiaa SYMBOL 148 \f «Times New Roman» \s 14 ”
a?aenoaiue ? iiaoaeiaaia aeaiaeia?aia eeanoa??a aoa?eueieo oaoo.
Ii??aiyiiy ?acoeueoao?a oeiieia?/ii? ? iie?oaoe/ii? eeaneo?e?oe??
iieaco?, ui iiia?e oaoo iaeiioeiiaeo a?oi, iaea?aeaieo iaoiaeii
aeene?ei?iaioiiai aiae?co, ? iaeii??aeieo ii aeaeo?iaeei?enoaiith a?oi,
noai?aieo eeanoa?iei aiae?cii, ca?aathoueny, oiaoi oaooe iaeiioeiiaeo
a?oi ? a oie aea /an ? iaeii??aeieie ii aeaeo?iaeei?enoaiith.

?acoeueoaoe eeaneo?e?oe?? aeicaieythoue aoaeeoi?nuee?e a?oi? ia o?eueee
i?iaiaeeoe ye?niee aiae?c aeaeo?iaeei?enoaiiy, oi?ioaaoe aaco aeaieo i?i
aeo?aoe aeaeo?iaia?a??, aea ? ?aeaioeo?eoaaoe c aeaieie eeanoa?aie ?ioi
ia SYMBOL 162 \f «Symbol» \s 14 c ?eoe, oiaoi onoaiiaeoe ?o iaeaaei?noue
aei iiaeiaii? a?oie, ? aeaoe ai??i?io ioe?ieo caaaeueiei
oa?aeoa?enoeeai, nooiaith aia?aiaoaeoeaiino? oa aecia/eoe oiiae aeey ??
i?aeaeuaiiy.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? ia iniia? aiae?co cai?iiiiiaaii ne?aeoth/ee
i?aeo?ae oi?ioaaiiy aia?aicaa??aath/eo oaoiieia?e OAN: aeine?aeaeaiiy
oaoiieia?/ieo oaeoi??a, ye? a cia/i?e i??? aecia/athoue
aeaeo?iniiaeeaaiiy oa aeiioneathoue oe?eani?yiiaai? ci?ie o nenoai?
iaiaaeaiue; iiaoaeiaa iioei?caoe?eieo iiaeaeae aia?aiaoaeoeaiino? ia
SYMBOL 162 \f «Symbol» \s 14 c ?eoa oi?aae?iiy; ciaoiaeaeaiiy
iioeiaeueieo cia/aiue i?e iaiaaeaiiyo, ye? iaeeaaeathoueny ia ea?iaai?
ia?aiao?e.

Aiae?c iaeiioeiiaeo ii oaoiieia?? ? iaeii??aeieo ii
aeaeo?iaeei?enoaiith a?oi aoa?eueieo oaoo iieaco?, ui aeey ?aae?caoe??
iaaaaeaieo aoai?a aeiaaa?oueny ia iaeei, a aeae?eueea e?eoa???a, ye?
aieeaathoue ia aoaeoeai?noue ?iaioe OAN. C o?aooaaiiyi ?acoeueoao?a
iiia?aaei?o aeine?aeaeaiue oaeeie e?eoa??yie iiaeooue aooe: ieoiia
aeaeo?iniiaeeaaiiy Yo, i?iaeoeoeai?noue I oa nia?aa?o?noue N, a a yeino?
ea?iaaieo oaeoi??a – ??/ia aeiaoaaiiy aoa?eey o1, aeiaaeeia eaae o2,
aeiaiaa iaaaioaaeaiiy ia i/eniee caa?e o3 ? /enaeuei?noue ia?niiaeo o4.

Iioei?caoe?eia caaea/a ia? aeaeyae:

Yo = f (x1, x2, … , xn) SYMBOL 174 \f «Symbol» \s 14 ® min ,

I = f (x1, x2, … , xn) SYMBOL 174 \f «Symbol» \s 14 ® max ,

C = f (x1, x2, … , xn) SYMBOL 174 \f «Symbol» \s 14 ® min

i?e iaiaaeaiiyo

xii SYMBOL 163 \f «Symbol» \s 14 F xi SYMBOL 163 \f «Symbol» \s 14 F
xia, xi SYMBOL 179 \f «Symbol» \s 14 ? 0, i = 1, …
, n ,

aea xii , xia – ieaeiy oa aa?oiy iaae? iiaeaeueiaaieo ea?iaaieo
ia?aiao??a.

Iiaoaeiaaii noaoenoe/ii eiiaeii iiaeaei ooieoei? oeiei iathoue aeaeyae:

Yo = b1x1 + b2x2 + b3x3 + b4x4 + ay ;

I = n1x1 + n2x2 + n3x3 + n4x4 + ai ;

C = s1x1 + s2x2 + s3x3 + s4x4 + an ,

aea b1, b2, b3, b4 – eiao?oe??ioe ?aa?an?? iiaeae? Yo;

c1, c2, c3, c4 – oaae, aea iiaeae? I;

s1, s2, s3, s4 – oaae, aea iiaeae? C;

ay, ai, an – iaa?aeii? aeiaaeeia? iioeaee aeey ea?iaaieo ci?iieo.

?ic?aooieia? cia/aiiy eiao?oe??io?a iiaeaeae Yo, I ? C aeey aoa?eueieo
oaoo iaaaaeai? a oaae.1.

Oaaeeoey 1

?ic?aooieia? cia/aiiy eiao?oe??io?a ?aa?an?eieo iiaeaeae Yo, I ? C

Ii-

aeaeue

Yo

I

C

b1 b2 b3 b4 C1 c2 c3 c4 s1 s2 s3 s4

Cia/.

Eiao.

0,8 x

x 10-2

-0,121

-0,3 x

x 10-1

0,11x

x 10-1

0,4 x

x 10-1

-0,2 x

x 10-1

0,24x

x 10-1

-0,13x

x 10-1

-0,3 x

x 10-1

-0,154

-0,5 x

x 10-1

0,31 x

x 10-1

Aaeaeaaoi?noue iioei?caoe?eieo iiaeaeae ?aaeueiei oiiaai OAN ia?aa??aia
ii F – e?eoa??th O?oa?a. Aecia/aiiy iioeiaeueieo cia/aiue oaoiieia?/ieo
ia?aiao??a aeiaoaieo ae?eyiie caeieniaii iaoiaeii iine?aeiaieo iinooiie.
Aeey aeiaaeeo i?i?i?caoe?? ieoiiiai aeaeo?iniiaeeaaiiy Yo i?e iaiaaeaii?
ii i?iaeoeoeaiino? I ? nia?aa?oino? C ooieoe?th oe?e? iiaeia caienaoe:

aea di, Di – iaaeia? cia/aiiy ia?aiao??a x1, x2, x3, x4 iiaeaeae Yo, I,
C;

Icaae, Ccaae – a?aeiia?aeii, caaeai? i?iaeoeoeai?noue oa
nia?aa?o?noue.

Aiaeia?/ii iiaeia iaenei?coaaoe i?iaeoeoeai?noue I ? i?i?i?coaaoe
nia?aa?o?noue C.

Ca?aeii c iaea?aeaieie aeaieie iiaoaeiaai? caeaaeiino? Yo = f(I), Yo =
f(C), Yo = f(L), a oaeiae I = f(L). Ioe?iea aeeaaeaiiy /anoeiaeo
ooieoe?e f a ocaaaeueiaio ooieoe?th oe?e? F cae?enith?oueny iaoiaeii
ne?ooee /anoeiaeo e?eoa???a, oiaoi

F= SYMBOL 97 \f «Symbol» \s 14 a 1f1 (x1,x2,x3, x4) + SYMBOL 97 \f
«Symbol» \s 14 a 2f2 (x1,x2,x3, x4) SYMBOL 174 \f «Symbol» \s 14 ® min

i?e caaeai?e i?iaeoeoeaiino? ? iaeeaaeaii? iaiaaeaiue ia ia?aiao?e
x1,x2,x3, x4. Caaeath/e cia/aiiy aaaiieo eiao?oe??io?a SYMBOL 97 \f
«Symbol» \s 14 a 1 ? SYMBOL 97 \f «Symbol» \s 14 a 2 ooieoe?? oe?e?,
iaea?aeaii iaeano? a?aeiinii? aaaeeeaino? /anoeiaeo ooieoe?e i?e
ioe?ioe? aia?aiaoaeoeaiino? aeiaoaieo ae?eyiie (?en.1).

1 – iaeanoue a?eueoiai aieeao nia?aa?oino? ? iaioiai ieoiiiai

aeaeo?iniiaeeaaiiy (0 SYMBOL 163 \f «Symbol» \s 14 F SYMBOL 97
\f «Symbol» \s 14 a 1 SYMBOL 163 \f «Symbol» \s 14 F 0,5);

2 – iaeanoue ??aiiai aieeao a ocaaaeueiaio ooieoe?th oe?e? (0,5 SYMBOL
163 \f «Symbol» \s 14 F SYMBOL 97 \f «Symbol» \s 14 a 1 SYMBOL 163 \f
«Symbol» \s 14 F 0,6);

3 – iaeanoue a?eueoi? aaaeeeaino? ieoiiiai aeaeo?iniiaeeaaiiy ? iaioi?

nia?aa?oino? (0,6 SYMBOL 163 \f «Symbol» \s 14 F SYMBOL 97 \f
«Symbol» \s 14 a 1 SYMBOL 163 \f «Symbol» \s 14 F 1)

?en.1 Iaeano? a?aeiinii? aaaeeeaino? /anoeiaeo ooieoe?e oe?e?

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? aeeeaaeaia ocaaaeueiaia ioe?iea
aia?aiaoaeoeaiino? a??ie/iaeiaoaieo i?aei?e?inoa. Aeey iieno
ooieoe?iioaaiiy aeaeo?iainiiaea?noaa oeeo ia SYMBOL 162 \f «Symbol» \s
14 c ?eo?a i?eeiyoi eiiieaeniee i?aeo?ae, o?aoiaoth/ee aaciao
?ioi?iaoe?th – iaaio noeoii?noue aeaeo?e/ieo ?ioi?iaoeaieo iieaciee?a ?
iio?aeieo a?ae ieo eiao?oe??io?a: i?aaiaeeiiee iaeneioi iaaaioaaeaiiy –
Pi; na?aaei? aeoeaia iaaaioaaeaiiy – Pn; ??/ia /enei aeei?enoaiiy
iaeneioia iaaaioaaeaiiy – Ti; ieoiia aeaeo?iniiaeeaaiiy – Yo;
aeaeo?iiniauai?noue i?aoe? – Yo; ia?niiae oaooe – Ny; e?euee?noue
aeaeo?iniiaeeaa/?a – n; eiao?oe??ioe iiieoo – Kc, aeei?enoaiiy – Ke,
caiiaiaiiy a?ao?eo – Kc oa ?i.

A yeino? e?eoa??th ioe?iee aia?aiaoaeoeaiino? cai?iiiiiaaii eiiieaeniee
oaeniiii?/iee iieaciee, yeee ? neioaoe/iith aaee/eiith, ooai?aiith ?c
on?o cia/oueo aeaeo?e/ieo iieaciee?a aeine?aeaeoaaeueii? iaeii??aeii?
noeoiiino? aoa?eueieo oaoo, oiaoi

aea

– cia/aiiy iieaciee?a ?aaeeio aeaeo?iniiaeeaaiiy;

SYMBOL 119 \f «Symbol» \s 16 w – ia SYMBOL 162 \f «Symbol» \s 16 c ?i
noaoenoe/ii? ?ioi?iaoe??, eiio?ieth?iiai ia??iaeo;

SYMBOL 98 \f «Symbol» \s 14 b – /enei, yea oa?aeoa?eco? iaaeieiinoi
?ioaiue.

Ia i?aeoeoe? iieaciee c?o/ii cia?aaeaoe o aeaeyae? iiaeeo?eiaaiiai
iieacieea aia?aiaoaeoeaiino?:

*ei aeeae/a cia/aiiy iieacieea Ko aei 1, oei aeua aoaeoeai?noue
aeaeo?iaeei?enoaiiy aoa?eueieo oaoo.

C o?aooaaiiyi noaiaea?oeciaaieo iieaciee?a aia?aiaoaeoeaiino? oa
ii?yaeeo ?o aianaiiy aei oaoi?/ii? aeieoiaioaoe??, aeina?ae
aenieoaoaoe?? ? iiia?aaei?o ?acoeueoao?a aeaii? ?iaioe iieacaii, ui
noeoii?noue iioaioe?eieo ?ioi?iaoeaieo aeaeo?e/ieo iieaciee?a caaaeeea,
a aeaye? ?c ieo iaeiaeiai aai i?aeoe/ii noiaea a?aeia?aaeathoue iaei? ?
o?ae aeanoeaino? aeaeo?iaeei?enoaiiy ?, ie??i oiai, yaeythoueny
neeaaeiaeie eiao?oe??io?a, oa?aeoa?ecoth/eo a?ao?e aeaeo?e/ieo
iaaaioaaeaiue aoa?eueieo oaoo. *a?ac oa aeae?eai? cia/ou? aeaeo?e/i?
iieacieee, ye? noai?ththoue ??aiiae?th/o oaeniiii?/iiai eiao?oe??ioo
aia?aiaoaeoeaiino? Ko = f(Ti, Yo, Yo, Kc, Ke, Kc), aea Ti – /enei /ania
aeei?enoaiiy iaeneiaeueiiai iaaaioaaeaiiy, Yo – ieoiia
aeaeo?iniiaeeaaiiy, Yo – aeaeo?iica?i SYMBOL 186 \f «Times New Roman»
\s 14 ? iiy i?aoei, Kc – eiaoioei SYMBOL 186 \f «Times New Roman» \s 14
? io iiieoo, Ke – eiaoioei SYMBOL 186 \f «Times New Roman» \s 14 ? io
aeei?enoaiiy, Kc – eiaoioei SYMBOL 186 \f «Times New Roman» \s 14 ? io
caiiaiaiiy a?aoieo.

?acoeueoaoeaia iao?eoey ?noioieo ?ioi?iaoeaieo iieaciee?a ia? aeaeyae:

Neeaaeaia i?ia?aia ?ic?aooieo ? iiaoaeiaaii ??/iee a?ao?e ci?ie
eiiieaeniiai oaeniiii?/iiai iieacieea aia?aiaoaeoeaiino? Ko = f(t).

Ia iniia? aeaieo i?i ?aaeeie aeaeo?iniiaeeaaiiy aoa?eueieo oaoo AeOE
SYMBOL 147 \f «Times New Roman» \s 14 “ Iaaeia?aaeaoa?eey SYMBOL 148 \f
«Times New Roman» \s 14 ” iiaoaeiaaia aiae?oe/ia iiaeaeue eiiieaeniiai
oaeniiii?/iiai iieacieea aia?aiaoaeoeaiino?

ca aeiiiiiaith yei? i?iaiaeeoueny aiaeic i aecia/athoueny oaeoi?e, ca
?aooiie yeeo iiaeeeai aieeaaoe ia iieaciee aia?aiaoaeoeaiino?. E?ii
oiai, iaoiaeii aeaaaeaiiai aeae?eaiiy oei/aniaiai o?aiaeo aeeiiaii
i?iaiicoaaiiy eiiieaeniiai oaeniiii?/iiai iieacieea aia?aiaoaeoeaiino?.
Iaoiae ?aae?ciaaii i?e ??ci?e ?ioi?iaoe?ei?e cia/ouino? ??aiae
aeeiai?/iiai ?yaeo. C o?aooaaiiyi oeueiai i?iaiico iiaeaeue iiaeia
caienaoe o aeaeyae?:

– aeiaaeeiaa neeaaeiaa.

SYMBOL 60 \f «Times New Roman» \s 14 < 1, aei oiai ae aaaa c?inoa? aeey oi/ie, ?icoaoiaaieo aeeae/a aei iiiaioo i?iaiicoaaiiy. iiaeia ae?aceoe , aea SYMBOL 108 \f "Symbol" \s 18 l – aeayea /enei iaioa iaeeieoe? (a iiaeaeueieo ?ic?aooieao 0,2 – 0,9); n – e?euee?noue oei/aniaeo ??ai?a. *ei iaioa SYMBOL 108 \f "Symbol" \s 18 l , oei iaioa ?ai?oi? niinoa?aaeaiiy aieeaathoue ia i?iaiic. Oiiae iaoiaeo iaeiaioeo eaaae?ao?a caienothoueny o aeaeyae?: SYMBOL 174 \f "Symbol" \s 14 ® min Aeey aiae?co i?eeiyoi 16 iiaeaeae i?iaiico eiiieaeniiai oaeniiii?/iiai iieacieea aia?aiaoaeoeaiino?. C aeno?aiieyoeieieo iiaeaeae i?eeiyoa i?iaiicia iiaeaeue aeaeo (?en.2) , yea iaea?eueo iiaii caaeiaieueiy? ?aaeueiee i?ioean aeaeo?iaeei?enoaiiy ? caaacia/o? i?iaiic eiiieaeniiai oaeniiii?/iiai iieacieea aia?aiaoaeoeaiino? ?c iioeaeith 1,28 %. ?en.2 I?iaiicoaaiiy eiiieaeniiai iieacieea aia?aiaoaeoeaiino? ?acoeueoaoe i?iaiicoaaiiy eiiieaeniiai oaeniiii?/iiai iieacieea aia?aiaoaeoeaiino? caaacia/othoue aia?aaoe/io neoaeao i/?eoaaiith iia?aoeaiith ?ioi?iaoe??th, i?aeaeuothoue i?iaiicio i?aai?caoe?eio ooieoe?th aieiaiiai aia?aaoeea ? ni?eythoue aeia?aaeaeoth/iio eiio?ieth ca aoaeoeai?noth aeaeo?iaeei?enoaiiy a OAN. ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea aia?aaoe/iiai aoaeeoo (?en.3), yea aecia/a? iniiai? aoaie ianoaaeaiiy aeaeo?iainiiaea?noaa, ?aeiiaiaeaoei? ii aeiiiii? aeaeo?iaia?ai? ? aeicaiey? i?iaiaeeoe eiiieaenio ioe?ieo aoaeoeaiino? aeaeo?iaeei?enoaiiy o OAN. ?en.3 Iaoiaeeea i?iaaaeaiiy aia?aaoe/iiai aoaeeoo AENIIAEE A aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? iinoaaeai? ? ?ica SYMBOL 162 \f "Symbol" \s 14 c ycai? caaea/? i?aeaeuaiiy aia?aiaoaeoeaiino? a oiiaao aeei?enoaiiy aia?aaoe/iiai aoaeeoo oaooieo ae?iaie/eo nenoai. Iniiai? iaoeia? ?acoeueoaoe oa i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? caiaeyoueny aei ne?aeoth/iai: 1. A ?acoeueoao? aiae?co noaio aia?aicaa?aaeaiiy o aoa?euei?e aaeoc? iieacaii, ui aeey ?aae?caoe?? caaea/? i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy aeaeo?iaia?a?? ia a??ie/iaeiaoaieo i?aei?e?inoaao e??i o?aaeeoe?eieo oeyo?a iaiao?aei? iia? i?aeoiaee, iai?eeeaae, aia?aaoe/iee aoaeeo, yeee aaco?oueny ia no/anieo iaoaiaoeei-noaoenoe/ieo iaoiaeao aeine?aeaeaiiy (nenoaiii-no?oeoo?iiio aiae?co, oai??? ?ici?ciaaaiiy ia?ac?a, iaoiaeao aaaaoie?eoa??aeueii? iioei?caoe??, oaeniiii?/iiio aiae?co, oai??? i?iaiicoaaiiy oa ?i.). 2. Iaa?oioiaaii iaoaiaoe/ia caaacia/aiiy caaea/ aia?aaoe/iiai aoaeeoo ? noi?iiaaii oaeoi?iee i?ino?? aia?aiaoaeoeaiino?, iaea?aeaii iaa?? ?ioi?iaoeaieo cia/ieo oaoiieia?/ieo oaeoi??a, ui /eiyoue iaea?eueo nooo?aee aieea ia aea?? iioeiaeueieo ia?aiao??a aeiaoaieo ae?eyiie oa ?aaeei aia?ainiiaeeaaiiy OAN. 3. Ia iniia? aeene?ei?iaioiiai ? eeanoa?iiai aiae?co aeeiiai? oeiieia?/ia oa iie?oaoe/ia eean?o?eaoe?y, a ?acoeueoao? yeeo iaea?aeai? aea? eiiiaeoi? a?oie (eeanoa?e) iaeiioeiiaeo ca oiiaaie ae?iaieoeoaa ? iaeii??aeieo ca aeaeo?iaeei?enoaiiyi aoa?eueieo oaoo, ui iaoiiaeei aeioe?euei?noue ioe?iee aia?aiaoaeoeaiino? a caeaaeiino? a?ae ea?iaaieo ?ioi?iaoeaieo oaeoi??a oa aeaeo?e/ieo iieaciee?a. 4. Iiaoaeiaai? aaaaoie?eoa??aeuei? ?aa?an?ei? iiaeae?: ieoiiiai aeaeo?iniiaeeaaiiy, i?iaeoeoeaiino? oa nia?aa?oino?, ye? aaeaeaaoii a?aeia?aaeathoue ?aaeueiee i?ioean ooieoe?iioaaiiy OAN ? ni?eythoue iaa?oioiaaiiio i?eeiyooth i?iaeoieo oa iaiaaeaea?nueeeo ?ica SYMBOL 162 \f "Symbol" \s 14 c ycaiue ii aia?aiaoaeoeaiino?. 5. Iaea?aeai? caeaaeiino? ieoiiiai aeaeo?iniiaeeaaiiy, i?iaeoeoeaiino?, nia?aa?oino? oa aeiaaeeie eaae, onoaiiaeai? iaeano? a?aeiinii? aaaeeeaino? iioei?caoe?eieo ia?aiao??a, ca aeiiiiiaith yeeo iiaeia aieeaaoe ye ia i?aeaeuaiiy aia?aiaoaeoeaiino? aeiaoaieo ae?eyiie, oae ? ia cieaeaiiy ieoiieo aeo?ao aoa?eueieo oaoo. 6. Cai?iiiiiaaii iiaee eiiieaeniee oaeniiii?/iee iieaciee ioe?iee aia?aiaoaeoeaiino? aoa?eueieo oaoo, yeee ? noaoenoe/iith oa?aeoa?enoeeith aeaeo?iniiaeeaaiiy, neioaoe/ii o?aoiao? aeeiai?eo i?eeiyoeo aaciaeo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo aeaeo?e/ieo iieaciee?a, eio?ee iiceoeaiee ? ci?ith?oueny a iaaeao a?ae 0 aei 1. 7. Iiaoaeiaai? aiae?oe/ia oa i?iaiicia iiaeae? eiiieaeniiai oaeniiii?/iiai iieacieea, ye? aeicaieythoue aoaeeoi?nuee?e a?oi? a?aeie?aieoe oaeoi?e, ca ?aooiie yeeo aeieea? ci?ia aeo?ao aeaeo?iaia?a??, i?aeaeueoe ??aaiue iaoiaee/iiai, ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai ? i?ia?aiiiai caaacia/aiiy aia?aaoe/ii?, aeeniao/a?nueei? oa ?ioeo neoaea, ca SYMBOL 162 \f "Symbol" \s 14 c ycaieo c eiio?ieai ? ea?oaaiiyi aeaeo?iniiaeeaaiiyi ia a??ie/iaeiaoaieo i?aei?e?inoaao. 8. ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea aia?aaoe/iiai aoaeeoo, caaacia/oth/a ye?noue ?iaioe ? aeinoia??i?noue i?eeia?ieo ??oaiue a?oiith aia?aiaoaeeoi??a i?e ianoaaeaii?, aiae?c? ooieoe?iioaaiiy aeaeo?iainiiaea?noaa oa ioe?ioe? aia?aiaoaeoeaiino? ye ie?aieo ae?iaie/eo ae?eyiie, oae ? oaooii? ae?iaie/i? nenoaie a oe?eiio. 9. Iaa?oioiaai?noue ? aeinoia??i?noue iaoeiaeo iieiaeaiue, aeniiae?a oa ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny oi?ioith ca?aei?noth ?acoeueoao?a oai?aoe/ieo ? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue, i?eeiyoeie oai?aoe/ieie ia?aaeoiiaaie, ye? aacothoueny ia iniiaao oai??? ?ici?ciaaaiiy ia?ac?a, oaeoi?iiai aiae?co ? i?iaiicoaaiiy, aeinoaoi?noth ia SYMBOL 162 \f "Symbol" \s 14 c ?io ii/aoeiai? noaoenoe/ii? ?ioi?iaoe?? oa aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo, aeiaaaeaiiyi iniiaieo ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe aei iaoiaee/ieo aeac?aie, ai?iaaaeaeaiiyi ia aoa?eueieo oaooao AeOE SYMBOL 147 \f "Times New Roman" \s 14 “ Iaaeia?aaeaoa?eey SYMBOL 148 \f "Times New Roman" \s 14 ” ?c ??/iei aeiiii?/iei aoaeoii 50 oen.a?i. NIENIE INIIAIEO IIOAE?EIAAIEO ?IA?O CAeIAOAA*A II OAI? AeENA?OAOe?? c o?aooaaiiyi iniaenoiai aianeo 1. ?icai A.I., O?eoiiia Ae.A. Ii?aaeaeaiea i?eciaeiaiai i?ino?ainoaa, oi?ie?othuaai yeaeo?iiio?aaeaiea ai?iiaeiauaathueo i?aaei?eyoee // Oaieue Oe?aeiu. – 1995. – SYMBOL 185 \f "Times New Roman" \s 14 ? 6 – n. 29 – 30. Iaa?oiooaaiiy oaeoi?iiai i?inoi?o, oi?ioth/iai aeaeo?iniiaeeaaiiy. 2. Oe?aaaoe O.I., Neana?aa A.A., O?eoiiia Ae.A. e ae?. Ei??aeyoeeiiiue aiaeec nenoaiu yia?aiaieeo iio?aaeoaeae ia oaieueiuo oaooao // Oaieue Oe?aeiu. – 1996. – SYMBOL 185 \f "Times New Roman" \s 14 ? 5-6. – n. 32 – 34. Aiaeic eiaoioei?ioia ei?aeyoei? iiae noeoiiinoyie a?oi iioi?iaoeaieo iieacieeia (oaoiieiai/ieo, ?aaeeiieo, aeaeo?iaeei?enoaiiy). 3. Neana?aa A.A., O?eoiiia Ae.A.,*e?aa A.O. e ae?. Eiiieaeniay iiaeaeue oaieueaie oaoou // Oaieue Oe?aeiu. – 1997. – SYMBOL 185 \f "Times New Roman" \s 14 ? 4. – n.26 – 27. Iiaoaeiaa iiaeiiaeaei aia?aiaeei?enoaiiy aia?ai?iieo niiaeeaa/ia. 4. Neana?aa A.A., O?eoiiia Ae.A., *e?aa A.O. e ae?. Eioi?iaoeeiiiay nenoaia o/aoa yeaeo?iyia?aee a oaooa ia iniiaa niaoeeaeece?iaaiiiai eiiieaena // Oaieue Oe?aeiu. – 1997. – ?7. – n.14-15. Oaoii/ia ?aaeicaoeiy iioi?iaoeieii? nenoaie. 5. ?icai A.I., Nieiaae A.E., O?eoiiia Ae.A. Ii?aaeaeaiea oaoiieiae/aneie aeeeiu eaau a iiiaie?eoa?eaeueiii aniaeoa. – A ei.: Oacenu 1-e iaaeaeoia?. iao/i.–oaoi. eiio. SYMBOL 147 \f "Times New Roman" \s 14 “ Iaoaiaoe/aneia iiaeaee?iaaiea a yeaeo?ioaoieea e yeaeo?iyia?aaoeea SYMBOL 148 \f "Times New Roman" \s 14 ” . – Eueaia: EIE, 1995. – n.120–121. Oai?aoe/ii ?ica SYMBOL 39 \f "Times New Roman" \s 14 ' ycaiiy aaaaoie?eoa?iaeueii? caaea/i aecia/aiiy iioeiaeueii? oaoiieiai/ii? aeiaaeeie eaae. 6. Aea?aeaaiee noaiaea?o Oe?a?ie 3122–95 SYMBOL 147 \f "Times New Roman" \s 14 “ Onoaiiaee aeey eiiiainaoei? ?aaeoeaii? iiooaeiinoi eiiaeainaoi?ia. Oa?iiie oa aecia/aiiy SYMBOL 148 \f "Times New Roman" \s 14 ” . – E.: AeNOO, 1995.– 7 n. Iaa?oiooaaiiy oa?iiiia i aecia/aiue o aea?aeaaieo noaiaea?oao c aia?aicaa?aaeaiiy. 7. Aea?aeaaiee noaiaea?o Oe?a?ie 3176–95 (AINO 30341) SYMBOL 147 \f "Times New Roman" \s 14 “ Aia?aicaa?aaeaiiy. Iaoiaee aecia/aiiy aaeain?a aeaeo?iniiaeeaaiiy a??ie/eo i?aei?e?inoa SYMBOL 148 \f "Times New Roman" \s 14 ” . – E.: AeNOO, 1996. – 22 n. Aecia/aiiy iioi?iaoeieiiai iiey, oi?ioth/iai aeo?aoe aeaeo?iaia?a?? aeey aoa?eueieo oaoo. Aiioaoe?? O?eoiiia Ae.A. Iiaeae? ? iaoiaee i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy aeaeo?iaia?a?? o ae?iaie/eo nenoaiao. – ?oeiien. Aeenna?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaith eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe ii niaoe?aeueiino? 05.14.01 – Aia?aaoe/i? nenoaie oa eiiieaene. – ?inoeooo caaaeueii? aia?aaoeee IAI Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1998. Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia ieoaiiyi i?aeaeuaiiy aia?aiaoaeoeaiino? a??ie/iaeiaoaieo i?aei?e?inoa. O ?iaio? ?icaeaa?oueny iiaee i?aeo?ae a aia?aicaa?aaeaii? a??ie/iaeiaoaieo i?aei?e?inoa ia iniia? aia?aaoe/iiai aoaeeoo, o?aoiaoth/e aca?iica SYMBOL 162 \f "Symbol" \s 14 c ycie iii?ae oaoiieia??th aoaeaaeiaoaaiiy oa aeaeo?iniiaeeaaiiyi. Noi?iiaaiee oaeoi?iee i?ino?? aoaeoeaiino? aeaeo?iaeei?enoaiiy. Aeeiiai? oeiieia?/ia ? iie?oaoe/ia eeaneo?eaoe?y, a ?acoeueoao? yeeo iaea?aeai? aea? a?oie iaeiioeiiaeo ca oiiaaie ae?iaieoeoaa ? iaeii??aeieo ii aeaeo?iaeei?enoaiith aoa?eueieo oaoo. Iiaoaeiaai? aaaaoie?eoa??aeuei? iioei?caoe?ei? iiaeae? aia?aiaoaeoeaiino? (ieoiiiai aeaeo?iniiaeeaaiiy, i?iaeoeoeaiino? ? nia?aa?oino?) oa onoaiiaeai? iioeiaeuei? cia/aiiy oi?aaeyth/eo oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a, ui ni?ey? iaa?oioiaaiiio i?eeiaiith i?iaeoieo oa iaiaaeaea?nueeeo ??oaiue ii aia?aiaoaeoeaiino? aoa?eueieo oaoo. Cai?iiiiiaaii iiaee eiiieaeniee oaeniiii?/iee iieaciee ioe?iee aia?aiaoaeoeaiino?, iiaoaeiaaia eiai aiae?oe/ia iiaeaeue ? iaa?oioiaaia iaoiaeeea i?iaiicoaaiiy, aeicaieyth/a aeae?eeoe oaeoi?e, ca ?aooiie yeeo aeieea? iaaoaeoeaia niiaeeaaiiy aeaeo?iaia?a??, ?ic?iaeoe oi?aaeyth/? ae?? ia eiai i?aeaeuaiiy. ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea aia?aaoe/iiai aoaeeoo (aeaeo?e/ia /anoeia), caaacia/oth/a ye?noue ?iaioe a?oie aia?aiaoaeeoi??a i?e aeine?aeaeaii? oa ioe?ioe? aia?aiaoaeoeaiino? OAN. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe aeei?enoai? i?e ?ic?iaoe? aea?aeaaieo noaiaea?o?a ii aia?aicaa?aaeaiith Oe?a?ie oa NIAe, aeiaaaeai? aei iaoiaee/ieo aeac?aie ? o?aaiaio?a i?ia?aiiiai caaacia/aiiy A?I aia?aiaoaeeoi?a ? ai?iaaaeaeai? ia aoa?eueieo oaooao Cao?aeiiai Aeiiaano. Eeth/ia? neiaa: aeaeo?iniiaeeaaiiy, aiae?c, oaeoi?, eeaneo?eaoe?y, eeanoa?, iieaciee, iiaeaeue, ei?aeyoe?y, aoaeeo, iioei?caoe?y, i?iaiic, aia?aiaoaeoeai?noue, aia?aicaa?aaeaiiy. O?eoiiia Ae.A. Iiaeaee e iaoiaeu iiauoaiey yooaeoeaiinoe eniieueciaaiey yeaeo?iyia?aee a i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo nenoaiao. – ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.014.01 – Yia?aaoe/aneea nenoaiu e eiiieaenu. – Einoeooo iauae yia?aaoeee IAI Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1998. Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai iiauoaiey yia?aiyooaeoeaiinoe ai?iiaeiauaathueo i?aaei?eyoee. A ?aaioa ?acaeaaaony iiaue iiaeoiae a yia?ainaa?aaeaiee ai?iiaeiauaathueo i?aaei?eyoee ia iniiaa yia?aaoe/aneiai aoaeeoa, o/eouaathuaai acaeiinayce iaaeaeo oaoiieiaeae oaeaaeiau/e e yeaeo?iiio?aaeaieai. Noi?ie?iaaii oaeoi?iia i?ino?ainoai yooaeoeaiinoe yeaeo?ieniieueciaaiey. Auiieiaiu oeiieiae/aneay e iieeoaoe/aneay eeanneoeeaoeey, a ?acoeueoaoa eioi?uo iieo/aiu aeaa a?oiiu iaeiioeiiuo ii oneiaeyi i?iecaiaenoaa e iaeii?iaeiuo ii yeaeo?ieniieueciaaieth oaieueiuo oaoo. Iino?iaiu iiiaie?eoa?eaeueiua iioeiecaoeeiiiua iiaeaee yia?aiyooaeoeaiinoe (oaeaeueiiai yeaeo?iiio?aaeaiey, i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe e naaanoieiinoe) e onoaiiaeaiu iioeiaeueiua cia/aiey oi?aaeyaiuo oaoiieiae/aneeo ia?aiao?ia, /oi niinianoaoao iainiiaaiiiio i?eiyoeth i?iaeoiuo e iaiaaeaea?neeo ?aoaiee ii yia?aiyooaeoeaiinoe oaieueiuo oaoo. I?aaeeiaeai iiaue eiiieaeniue oaeniiiie/aneee iieacaoaeue ioeaiee yia?aiyooaeoeaiinoe, iino?iaia aai aiaeeoe/aneay iiaeaeue e iainiiaaia iaoiaeeea i?iaiice?iaaiey, iicaieythuay auaeaeyoue oaeoi?u, ca n/ao eioi?uo i?ienoiaeeo iayooaeoeaiia iio?aaeaiea yeaeo?iyia?aee, ?ac?aaioaoue oi?aaeythuea aicaeaenoaey ia aai iiauoaiea. ?ac?aaioaia iaoiaeeea yia?aaoe/aneiai aoaeeoa (yeaeo?e/aneay /anoue), iaania/eaathuay ea/anoai ?aaiou a?oiiu yia?aiaoaeeoi?ia i?e ianeaaeiaaiee e ioeaiea yia?aiyooaeoeaiinoe OIN. Iniiaiua ?acoeueoaou ?aaiou eniieueciaaiu i?e ?ac?aaioea ainoaea?noaaiiuo noaiaea?oia ii yia?ainaa?aaeaieth Oe?aeiu e NIA, aeiaaaeaiu aei iaoiaee/aneeo oeacaiee e o?aaiaioia i?ia?aiiiiai iaania/aiey A?I yia?aiaoaeeoi?a e aiaae?aiu ia oaieueiuo oaooao Caiaaeiiai Aeiiaanna. Eeth/aaua neiaa: yeaeo?iiio?aaeaiea, aiaeec, oaeoi?, eeanneoeeaoeey, eeanoa?, iieacaoaeue, iiaeaeue, ei??aeyoeey, aoaeeo, iioeiecaoeey, i?iaiic, yia?aiyooaeoeaiinoue, yia?ainaa?aaeaiea. Trifonov D.V. Iidels and methods of raising the energy supply efficiency in manufacturing systems. – A manuscript. Thesis of candidate of technical sciences by speciality 05.14.01 – Energy systems and complexes. – Energy Institute, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, 1998. The thesis is devoted to the raising of energy supply efficiency in coal-getting enterprises. New approach energy supply of coal-getting enterprises on the basis of energy audit taking into consederation mutual connections between coal-getting technology and energy supply is developed. Factor space of energy supply efficiency was formed. Typological and polythetical classifications were fulfiled. Multicriterian optimizational models of energy efficiency (specific electric supply, productivity and cost) were built, optimal values of controlled technological parametres were set up. All this promotes to take project and managerial decisions concerning energy efficiency of coal mines. A new complicated taxonomical index of energy efficiency estimation was offered, its analytical model was developed and the methodics of prognostication was grounded letting the auditors to emphasise factors which lead to ineffective energy supply, develop controlled influence on its raising, ensure energy service with expected summary of operations and carry out preliminary controle for effective energy supply of coal mines. While investigating and estimating energy efficiency in mine production systems, methodics of energy audit ensuring quality of auditor SYMBOL 162 \f "Symbol" \s 14 c s work has been developed. The main results of the work were used to develop state standards of energy saving, methodical instructions and software fragments of auditor and were applied in Western Donbass coal mines. Key words: energy supply, analysis, factor, classification, claster, value, model, correlation, audit, optimization, prognose, energy efficiency, energy saving. PAGE 18

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