OA?E?ANUeEA AeA?AEAAIA AEAAeAI?ss

CAE?CIE*IIAI O?AINII?OO

IIOIAEEIA IEAENAIAe? AAEA??EIAE*

OAeE
624.046.5:539.385

I?OeI?NOUe NOAEAAAOIIIEO AEAIAIO?A

I?ssIIEOOIIAI IIIA?A*IIAI IA?A??CO

I?E E?O*AII?

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 05.23.01 – aoae?aaeuei? eiino?oeoe??,

aoae?ae? oa nii?oaee

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoii/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? aoae?aaeueii? iaoai?ee oa a?ae?aae?ee
Oa?e?anueei? aea?aeaaii? aeaaeai?? cae?cie/iiai o?ainii?oo I?i?noa?noaa
o?ainii?oo Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee –

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

*eoeaaeca Aeaoaeaea Aeaaeaeiae/,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e aoae?aaeueii? iaoai?ee oa
a?ae?aae?ee

Oa?e?anueei? aea?aeaaii? aeaaeai?? cae?cie/iiai
o?ainii?oo.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Oeiaiianueeee Ieaenaiae? A?oae?eiae/,

i?ioani? eaoaae?e aoae?aaeue oa nii?oae aa?iii?o?a Ee?anueeiai
i?aeia?iaeiiai oi?aa?neoaoo oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??;

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Ee?eeaiei A?oae?e Oaaei?iae/,

aeioeaio eaoaae?e iaoaeaaeo oa aea?aa’yieo eiino?oeoe?e E?einueeiai
?inoeoooo i?e?iaeiioi?iiiiai oa eo?i?oiiai aoae?aieoeoaa.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao

aoae?aieoeoaa oa a?o?oaeoo?e I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 4 aa?aciy 1999 ?. i 1300 aiaeei?

ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 64.820.02
Oa?e?anueei? aea?aeaaii? aeaaeai?? cae?cie/iiai o?ainii?oo ca aae?anith:
310050, i. Oa?e?a, iaeaeai Oae??aaoa, 7.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?e?anueei?
aea?aeaaii? aeaaeai?? cae?cie/iiai o?ainii?oo ca aae?anith: 310050,

i. Oa?e?a, iaeaeai Oae??aaoa, 7.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee ‘ 3 ‘ ethoiai 1999?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe,

aeioeaio
??iae ?.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Caaea/? cieaeaiiy iaoaei?iiino?, aa?oino? ?
o?oaeii?noeino? aoae?aieoeoaa iiaeooue aooe oni?oii ae??oai? oeyoii
canoinoaaiiy eiino?oeoe?e ?c ciai?oi?i a?ioaaiiyi cai?noue noaeaaeo, ? a
aaaaoueio aeiaaeeao cae?ciaaoiiieo. Oeueiio ni?eythoue ia?aaaae
noaeaaaoiiieo eiino?oeoe?e: ni?iuaiiy oaoiieia?? aeaioiaeaiiy;
nei?i/aiiy aeo?ao ia iiaeoaeo oa caeeaaei? aeaoae?; i?inoioa cai?ee,
?aiiioo oa i?aeneeaiiy; ii?aeiaiiy ooieoe?e ?iai/i? a?iaoo?e c caoenieie
iai?iaeaeaiiyie a?ae iaoai?/ieo oa ?ioeo aieea?a; ciaioaiiy aenioe
ia?a??co aeaiaio?a ca ?aooiie a?aenooiino? caoeniiai i?ioa?eo ?
eiiiaeoiiai ?icoaooaaiiy a?iaoo?e.

Aeey i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ? a?eueo oe?ieiai iioe?aiiy eiino?oeoe?e
?c ciai?oi?i a?ioaaiiyi iaiao?aeia ?ic?iaea oai??? ? iaoiae?a ?o
?ic?aooieo i?e ??ciiiai?oieo aieeaao, cie?aia i?e e?o/aii?.

Iaoa aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iieyaa? a ?ic?iaoe? niiniao ?ic?aooieo
noaeaaaoiiiiai aeaiaioa i?yiieooiiai iiia?a/iiai ia?a??co ia i?oei?noue
i?e e?o/aii?.

Caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy: i?iaanoe aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy
noaeaaaoiiieo a?on?a i?yiieooiiai ia?a??co i?e e?o/aii? ? ia i?aenoaa?
io?eiaieo aeaieo ?ic?iaeoe iaoaiaoe/iee oa ia/enethaaeueiee aia?ao aeey
aecia/aiiy iai?oaeaii-aeaoi?iiaaiiai ? a?aie/iiai noaio noaeaaaoiiieo
aeaiaio?a.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a aecia/a?oueny:

— ?acoeueoaoaie aei?iaoaaiue ia e?o/aiiy cae?ciaaoiiieo, noaeaaaoiiieo ?
noaeacae?ciaaoiiieo a?on?a;

niiniaii aecia/aiiy iai?oaeaii-aeaoi?iiaaiiai noaio noaeaaaoiiiiai
aeaiaioa i?yiieooiiai ia?a??co i?e e?o/aii?, caniiaaiiio ia ?ice?eoo?
eiioaeoo i?ae noaeaaith iaieiieith ? aaoiiiei yae?ii, ui ciaoiaeeoueny a
oiiaao ia’?iiiai iai?oaeaiiai noaio;

— niiniaii aecia/aiiy iai?oaeaii-aeaoi?iiaaiiai noaio noaeaaaoiiiiai
aeaiaioa i?yiieooiiai iiia?a/iiai ia?a??co, aeae?eaiiai ?c a?ona, ui
ne?o/o?oueny iioeeeie ia?aoeiaie;

— niiniaii aecia/aiiy iano/i? ni?iiiaeiino? aaoiiieo, cae?ciaaoiiieo ?
noaeaaaoiiieo a?on?a i?yiieooiiai iiia?a/iiai ia?a??co i?e e?o/aii?,
caniiaaiiio ia ia?aoai?aii? e?ooiiai iaaaioaaeaiiy a caeiaeueia.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe. Aeei?enoaiiy a aoae?aieoeoa? noaeaaaoiiieo
aaeie oa eieii i?yiieooiiai ia?a??co, ?ic?aooiie yeeo i?iaaaeeoueny ca
?ic?iaeaiith iaoiaeeeith, aeicaieeoue cia/ii cieceoe aeo?aoe noae? a
ii??aiyii? ?c cae?ciaaoiiieie aaeeaie ? eieiiaie.

Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy. ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe o aeaeyae? i?ia?ai
?ic?aooieo ia i?oei?noue i?e e?o/aii? noaeaaaoiiieo aaeie ? eieii
ai?iaaaeaeai? a i?iaeoieo ?inoeoooao: «Oa?uee?ao?ainiaoi?iaeo»,
«Oe?a?ae?ii?iaeo».

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a aecia/a?oueny aenia?eiaioaeueieie
aeine?aeaeaiiyie i?oeiino? oa aeaoi?iaoeaiino? noaeaaaoiiieo a?on?a
i?yiieooiiai ia?a??co i?e e?o/aii?, ?ic?iaeaiith iaoiaeeeith ?ic?aooieo
iai?oaeaii-aeaoi?iiaaiiai noaio oa iano/i? ni?iiiaeiino? noaeaaaoiiieo
aeaiaio?a i?yiieooiiai iiia?a/iiai ia?a??co i?e e?o/aii?.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe
aenia?eiaioaeueii-oai?aoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue aeiiia?aeaeenue ?
iaaiai?thaaeenue ia 2-?e oa 3-?e i?aeia?iaeieo iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo
eiioa?aioe?yo “Noaeaaaoiii? eiino?oeoe??: aeine?aeaeaiiy, i?iaeooaaiiy,
aoae?aieoeoai, aenieoaoaoe?y” (E?eaee ??a), ui i?ioiaeeee, a?aeiia?aeii,
o 1996 ? 1998 ?ieao, ia 60-e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? eaoaae?
Oa?AeACO oa niaoe?ae?no?a cae?cie/iiai o?ainii?oo (Oa?e?a, 1998).

Ioae?eaoe??. Iioae?eiaaii 4 ?iaioe ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??.

No?oeoo?a e ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, 4
?icae?e?a, ui aeeth/athoue aenia?eiaioaeueio oa oai?aoe/io /anoeie,
nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae ? aeiaeaoe?a. A oe?eiio ?iaioa aeeeaaeaia
ia 141 noi??ioe? iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, o i?e i?noeoueny 59 ?enoie?a oa
8 oaaeeoeue. Nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae neeaaea? 68 ?ia?o.

Aaoi? ae?aaea? aeeaieo aaey/i?noue aeieoi?o oaoi?/ieo
iaoe Eie/oiiao A.?. ca aeiiiiiao o iinoaiiaoe? oa i?iaaaeaii?
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue.

NOENEEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

Ia?oee ?icae?e aeena?oaoe?? i?enay/aiee iaeyaeo ?nioth/eo oei?a
noaeaaaoiiieo eiino?oeoe?e oa iaoiaeai ?o ?ic?aooieo. Ieoaiiy oai???
?ic?aooieo eiino?oeoe?e ?c ciai?oi?i a?ioaaiiyi ? iia’ycaieo ?c ieie
eiia?iiaaieo eiino?oeoe?e ?icaeyioo? a ?iaioao A.N. Aaae/a, I.ss. Aa?aa,
I.O.Aaoiaiea, A.A. Aaicae?aa, A.A. Aai??aa,A.A. Aeieaeaiea, A.?.
?oeiaiea ,A.?. E?e?ia, O.?. Eeeiaiea, A.O. Ee?eeaiea , E.E. Eoeo?, A.I.
Ia?aaea??y, N.O. I?/oa?ia , A.A.?iniianueeiai, ?.N. Naiaea?ianueeiai,
E.?. Noi?iaeaiea, A.I. No?ae?ia , I.I. No?aeaoeueeiai, A.A. O?oeey,
A.Ae. *eoeaaeca , I.E. Oaa?ia , I.A. Oeiaiianueeiai , A.I. Oiiiaa, E.I.
Oiieoe? oa ?i.

O oeeo ?iaioao aeinoaoiuei oe?iei aena?oeaia i?iaeaia noaeaaaoiia, aea
cia/ia e?euee?noue i?aeoe/ii ? oai?aoe/ii aaaeeeaeo caaea/ iio?aao?
ae??oaiiy. Cie?aia, neaaei aea/ai? ieoaiiy ?ic?aooieo noaeaaaoiiieo
aeaiaio?a i?yiieooiiai ia?a??co ia i?oei?noue i?e e?o/aii?, a ?nioth/?
?iaioe ia oeth oaio iinyoue aii??e/iee oa?aeoa?. Oiio caaea/?
oaia??oiuei? ?iaioe aoee noi?ioeueiaai? oaeei /eiii: aenia?eiaioaeueii
aea/eoe i?ioean aeaoi?ioaaiiy ? ?oeioaaiiy noaeaaaoiiieo a?on?a
i?yiieooiiai ia?a??co i?e e?o/aii?, ii??aiyoe io?eiai? aeai? c
?acoeueoaoaie aei?iaoaaiue cae?ciaaoiiieo a?on?a, ui iathoue
aiaeia?/iee iiia?a/iee ia?a??c ? anoaiiaeoe iniaeeaino? ?iaioe
noaeaaaoiiieo a?on?a; aeaoe oai?aoe/io ioe?ieo iai?oaeaii-aeaoi?iiaaiiio
? a?aie/iiio noaio noaeaaaoiiiiai aeaiaioa i?e e?o/aii?; ?ic?iaeoe
aeai?eoi ? i?ia?aio ?ic?aooieo noaeaaaoiiieo aeaiaio?a i?e e?o/aii?;
oi?iaaaeeoe ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue o i?aeoeeo i?iaeooaaiiy ?
aoae?aieoeoaa.

Ae?oaee ?icae?e ?iaioe i?enay/aiee aenia?eiaioaeueiiio aeine?aeaeaiith
noaeaaaoiiieo a?on?a i?e e?o/aii?.

Aei?iaiaoaaeeny o?e oeie a?on?a: noaeaaaoiii?, noaeacae?ciaaoiii? oa
cae?ciaaoiii?. Aeey aei?iaoaaiue aoea noai?aia aenia?eiaioaeueia
onoaiiaea, ui caaacia/oaaea caio?iaoaaiiy iaeiiai c oi?oe?a a?ona ?
ia?aaea/o e?ooiiai iiiaioo ia i?ioeeaaeiee oi?aoeue ca aeiiiiiaith
a?ae?aae?/ieo aeiie?ao?a.

C?acee iaee ?ici??e 1500o300o100 ii ? i?ae?icae?eyeeny ia 4 a?oie,
eiaeia c yeeo aoea i?aaenoaaeaia c?aceaie, ui a?ae??ciythoueny, e??i
ia?a?aoiaaieo ieae/a iciae?a, o?eueee noaiith ?icoaooaaiiy aeao/ee?a
iii?o aeey aei??o aeaoi?iaoe?e. Ia?oa a?oia aoea i?aaenoaaeaia
noaeaaaoiiieie c?aceaie (NA1 ? NA2), ui iaee nooe?eueio iaoaeaao
iaieiieo, aeaioiaeaio c eenoa oiaueiith 2 ii (?en. 1,a).

?en. 1. Iiia?a/i? ia?a??ce noaeaaaoiiiiai (a), noaeacae?ciaaoiiiiai (a)
oa cae?ciaaoiiiiai (a) a?on?a

Ae?oaa ? o?aoy a?oie neeaaeaeeny ?c noaeacae?ciaaoiiieo c?ace?a (NCA1,
NCA2, NCA3, NCA4), ui iathoue, e??i iaieie, aeiaeaoeiaee ea?ean ?c
iicaeiaaeiueith a?iaoo?ith eeano A-II, ae?aiao?ii 12 ii ? iiia?a/iith —
ae?aiao?ii 16 ii oiai ae eeano. Ea?ean onoaiiaethaaany iina?aaeei?
iaioiai ?ici??o iiia?a/iiai ia?a??co (?en. 1,a). Noaeacae?ciaaoiii?
c?acee NCA3 ? NCA4 a?ae??ciyeeny a?ae c?ace?a NCA1 ? NCA2 iayai?noth
iaeyaeiaeo a?eii aeey niinoa?aaeaiiy ca i?ioeanii o??ueiiooai?aiiy.
I?aaenoaaieee /aoaa?oi? a?oie c?ace?a — cae?ciaaoiii? c?acee CA1 ? CA2
a?iiaai? oaeeie ae ea?eanaie, ui ? noaeaaaoiii? (?en. 1,a).

Ia c?aceao NA1 ? NA2 aoee onoaiiaeai? o?eueee ciai?oi? aeao/eee iii?o
oeio EO5I. 1.-20-100-A-12, a ia c?aceao NCA3 ? NCA4 — o?eueee aioo??oi?
oiai ae oeio. An? ?io? c?acee iniauoaaeenue ye aioo??oi?ie, oae ?
ciai?oi?ie aeao/eeaie. Aioo??oi? aeao/eee ?icoaoiaoaaeeny a
niaoe?aeueieo i?iieeao ia a?iaoo??.

O i?ioean? aei?iaoaaiiy ia eiaeiiio aoai? iaaaioaaeaiiy iieacaiiy
aeao/ee?a ci?iaeeny i?eeaaeii A?Ae-4.

Aeey an?o oei?a c?ace?a o ?acoeueoao? aei?iaoaaiue io?eiaia ae?aa?aia
“e?ooieee iiiaio — eoo cae?o/oaaiiy”, ia ye?e iiaeia aeae?eeoe aea?
ae?eyiee, ui ieaaii ia?aoiaeyoue iaeia a iaeio. Ia?oa ae?eyiea e?i?eia,
ae?oaa — iae?i?eia, ia?ao?ae aei yei? iai?oeany i?ney ooai?aiiy o??uei.
O cae?ciaaoiiieo c?aceao ia?o? o??ueie c’yaeyeeny i?e iaaaioaaeaii?, yea
aei??aithaaei 0,9-0,93 Ia? ? iaee eieaeueiee oa?aeoa? (?en. 2). O
c?aceao c iaieiith o??ueie a aaoii? aeieeaee ia aoai? iaaaioaaeaiiy, yea
a?aeiia?aea? 0,8-0,85 Ia?. O??ueie a oeeo c?aceao ia a?aei?io a?ae
cae?ciaaoiiieo iaee aaeioiiiae?aiee oa?aeoa? ? ?icoaoiaoaaeenue ii an?e
aeiaaeei? c?acea c ?ioa?aaeii 10-15 ni (?en.2). Iaoee o??uei o an?o
c?aceao iaa iino?eia cia/aiiy, yea aei??aithaaei 450. Oa?aeoa?
?oeioaaiiy c?ace?a a iaiei? i?eioeeiiai a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae oa?aeoa?o
?oeioaaiiy cae?ciaaoiiieo c?ace?a. O cae?ciaaoiiieo c?aceao eieaeuei?
o??ueie, ?ice?eaath/enue i?e ?oeioaaii?, ooai?ththoue iaeio nooe?eueio
i?inoi?iao o??ueio. O noaeaaaoiiieo oa noaeacae?ciaaoiiieo c?aceao
i?ioean ?oeioaaiiy oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ?icaeoeii cia/ieo ieanoe/ieo
aeaoi?iaoe?e a iaiei? ii aaeioiaeo e?i?yo, ui a?aeiia?aeathoue e?i?yi
o??ueiiooai?aiiy a aaoiiiiio yae??. I?ney aeinyaiaiiy a?aie/iiai
e?ooiiai iiiaioo , c?acee a iaiei? ni?iiiaei? ni?eeiaoe aeiaaee /an
iaaaioaaeaiiy, yea aei??aith? (0,85-0,9) Ia? (?en. 2).

O oaaeeoe? 1 iaaaaeai? ?ici??e a?aie/ieo iiiaio?a, io?eiaieo a
aenia?eiaio?, ?c eio?eo i/aaeaeii, ui ciai?oi? a?ioaaiiy nooe?eueiith
iaieiith aeicaiey? ca?eueoeoe a?aie/iee e?ooiee iiiaio o 5-7 ?ac?a.
I?e oeueiio aioo??oi?e ea?ean o noaeacae?ciaaoiiieo c?aceao
iacia/ii i?aeaeuo? iano/o

ni?iiiaei?noue a?ona a ii??aiyii? ?c noaeaaaoiiieie c?aceaie (?en. 2).

Oaaeeoey 1

?ici??e a?aie/ieo e?ooieo iiiaio?a

Iaeiaioaaiiy c?ace?a

CA1 CA2 NA1 NA2 NCA1 NCA2 NCA3 NCA4

Ia? , eI•i

3,6 3,94 24,3 24,3 24,8 25,2 15,3 15,3

?en.2. Ae?aa?aia e?ooiee iiiaio — eoo cae?o/oaaiiy oa noaie
o??ueiiooai?aiiy: a) cae?ciaaoiii? a?one; a) noaeaaaoiii? a?one

Ia i?aenoaa? ?acoeueoao?a aenia?eiaioo aoee iiaoaeiaai? a?ao?ee, ui
iieacothoue ?ici??e aeaoi?iaoe?e a iaiei? noaeaaaoiiieo c?ace?a o
caeaaeiino? a?ae ?ici??o e?ooiiai iiiaioo (?en. 3). ?oi?e aiae?c
iieaco?, ui iaeneiaeuei? aeaoi?iaoe?? aeieeathoue o na?aaeeiao aeiaaeo
noi??i iiia?a/iiai ia?a??co a?ona, a a eooao ia?a??co aeaoi?iaoe??
aei??aiththoue ioeth. I?e oeueiio a?aeiioaiiy aeaoi?iaoe?e, ui
aeieeathoue o na?aaeei? aeiaaeo noi??i, aei aeaoi?iaoe?e o na?aaeei?
ei?ioeeo, neeaaea? ( 0,77. Oaea ae ni?aa?aeiioaiiy niinoa??aa?oueny ? o
cae?ciaaoiiieo c?aceao.

?en. 3. ?ici??e aeaoi?iaoe?e a iaiei? a caeaaeiino? a?ae ?ici??o
e?ooiiai iiiaioo

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? aeena?oaoe?? aecia/a?oueny
iai?oaeaii-aeaoi?iiaaiee noai noaeaaaoiiiiai aeaiaioa i?yiieooiiai
ia?a??co, aeae?eaiiai ?c a?ona iiia?a/ieie ? iioeeeie ia?a??caie.

I?e aecia/aii? IAeN o iiia?a/iiio ia?a??c? a?ona aeei?enoiao?oueny
i?aeo?ae, ?ic?iaeaiee i?io. *eoeaaeca A.Ae.: ?ic?aooieiaa noaia iaieie ?
yae?a iiaeaia o aeaeyae? aeaiaio?a , ui eiioaeoothoue i?ae niaith
(?en. 4). Aaaaea?oueny, ui yae?i e iaieia i?aoeththoue ni?eueii, aac
a?ae?eao ? i?ineecaiiy. Ca iaa?aeii? i?eeiathoueny ii?iaeuei? oi, x1/4
oa aeioe/i? o(, o( eiioaeoi? neee. Aaaaea?oueny, ui iaoa??ae iaieie ia?
aeanoeaino? ?aeaaeueii? i?oaeiiieanoe/iino? .

?en.4. Noaeaaaoiiiee aeaiaio (a), ?ic?aooieiaa noaia iaieie (a) oa yae?a
(a)

:

(1)

, (2)

— n?/iee iiaeoeue a?aeiinieo ia’?iieo ci?i aaoiio;

— n?/iee iiaeoeue cnoao.

Ciai?oi? aieeae ia aeaiaio i?eeiyo? o aeaeyae? ia?e nee o ieiuei?
iiia?a/iiai ia?a??co, noaoe/iei aea?aaeaioii yeeo ? e?ooiee iiiaio, ?
ciooaii? aeaoi?iaoe?? a iicaeiaaeiueiio iai?yieo, ui a?aoiao?
ia?ae?o/oaaiiy ia?a??co /a?ac aeaieaiaoe?th.

Neee aca?iiae?? i?ae yae?ii ? iaieiith ciaoiaeyoueny ?c oiiae ??aiino?
ia?ai?uaiue ia iaae? eiioaeoo ?c nenoaie ??aiyiue:

, (3)

iao?eoe? noiai/eea I — iiia?a/i? ia?ai?uaiiy a?ae ciai?oi?o aieea?a ?
aeiooaii? aeaoi?iaoe??.

:

. (4)

Aeey aecia/aiiy ooieoe?? ( ia eiioo?? aeei?enoiao?oueny ?aiia
aiaeia?y.

. I?ioean iine?aeiaieo iaaeeaeaiue i?iaeiaaeo?oueny aei

.

Aeaiaioe ia?a??co, o yeeo aieiai? ?icoyaoaaeuei? iai?oaeaiiy
aeinyaathoue a?aie/ieo cia/aiue, aeeeth/athoueny c ?ic?aooieo, oaeiae ye
? eiioaeoi? neee, ui ia?aaeuothoue neee c/aieaiiy i?ae iaieiith ?
aaoiiiei yae?ii. ?ic?aooiie i?iaeiaaeo?oueny aei iiyae a?aie/ieo
iai?oaeaiue o noeniooiio aaoii? aai a ?icoyaioo?e /anoei? iaieie.

Aeey aecia/aiiy iai?oaeaii-aeaoi?iiaaiiai noaio a iioeeiio ia?a??c?, ia
i?aenoaa? aiae?co noaie o??ueiiooai?aiiy a aaoii? ? ?icaeoeo ieanoe/ieo
aeaoi?iaoe?e a iaiei?, aeae?ey?oueny i?yiieooiee aeaiaio ne?o/aiiai
noaeaaaoiiiiai noa?aeiy c? noi?iiaie i?ae eooii 450 aei iicaeiaaeiuei?
in? (?en. 5).

?en. 5. Iaeeie/iee aeaiaio, noaia iai?oaeaiiai noaio

Ia aeae?eaiee aeaiaio ca iai?yieii aieiaieo ieiuaaeie ae?thoue
caeiaeuei? iiiaioe ??cieo ciae?a. Aeei?enoiaoth/e a?aeiiee ae?ac
aeey ia?aoai?aiiy oaici?a iiiaioo:

(5)

iaea?aeeii cia/aiiy e?ooiiai iiiaioo :

. (6)

aecia/athoueny a caeaaeiino? a?ae e?eaecie ia?a??co E? oa a?ae
aenioe noeniooi? ? ?icoyaiooi? cii.

Iieiaeaiiy iaeo?aeueieo inae ciaoiaeyoue ?c oiiae ??aiino? ioeth
i?iaeoe?e on?o nee, ui ae?thoue o ia?a??c? ia ai?eciioaeueio ieiueio:

(7)

cae?enith?oueny a i?ioean? iine?aeiaieo iaaeeaeaiue ?acii ?c

;

. (8)

O aeena?oaoe?? ?ic?iaeaii ?iaeaia?iee niin?a aecia/aiiy iano/i?
ni?iiiaeiino? noaeaaaoiiieo a?on?a i?yiieooiiai iiia?a/iiai ia?a??co i?e
e?o/aii?. A iniiao iieeaaeaia noaia a?aie/ii? ??aiiaaae aeaiaioa a?ona
aeiaaeeiith, yea aei??aith? aenio? ia?aoeio h (?en. 6). Aca?iii
ia?an?/i? e?i?? ieanoe/ieo oa?i???a ?icoaoiaai? ia aa?oi?e oa ieaei?e
a?aiyo aeaiaioa. E?ooia iaaaioaaeaiiy o aeaeyae? ia? nee, i?eeeaaeaieo
aei oi?oe?a aeaiaioa, noai?th? aeaei uiaei e?i?e ieanoe/ieo oa?i???a.
I?e ciaoiaeaeaii? a?aie/iiai caeiaeueiiai iiiaioo ?icaeyaea?oueny
aeaa aa??aioe , o ia?oiio ?c yeeo ?ice?eaa?oueny eiioaeo i?ae noaeaaith
iaieiieith ? aaoiiiei yae?ii, ui ciaoiaeeoueny a oiiaao ia’?iiiai
iai?oaeaiiai noaio; o ae?oaiio aa??aio? ii e?i?yo ieanoe/ieo oa?i???a
i?oei?noue aaoiio i?eeia?oueny ??aiith i?oeiino? i?e iaeiiinueiaiio
noeneo, iai?oaeaiiy a noae? aecia/athoueny c i?eoyaiaiiyi aia?aaoe/ii?
oai??? I?cana. Ia?ao?ae a?ae aeaeio aei e?o/aiiy cae?enith?oueny ca
oi?ioeith , io?eiaiith c aaiiao?e/ieo i??eoaaiue.

Ii??aiyiiy ?acoeueoao?a ?ic?aooieo ca cai?iiiiiaaiith iaoiaeeeith c
aeaieie aenia?eiaioo iieacaei, ui ?ica?aeiino? ia ia?aaeuothoue 5-6%.

?en.6. Iaeeie/iee aeaiaio, ?ic?aooieiaa noaia

O /aoaa?oiio, caeeth/iiio, ?icae?e? aeena?oaoe?? i?iiiio?oueny
eiino?oeoe?y noaeaaaoiiiiai a?ona, yeee ni?eeia? cia/i? e?ooi? oa
caeiaeuei? aieeae . C?iaeaii ii??aiyiiy cai?iiiiiaaiiai aeaiaioa c
aiaeia?/iei cae?ciaaoiiiei, i?e oeueiio iieacaii, ui canoinoaaiiy
noaeaaaoiiieo eieii cai?noue cae?ciaaoiiieo aeicaiey? aeinyaoe aeiiii??
noae? a na?aaeiueiio ia 30-40%.

CAAAEUeI? AENIIAEE

O ?iaio? aeeeaaeaii ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueieo oa oai?aoe/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue i?oeiino? noaeaaaoiiieo aeaiaio?a i?yiieooiiai
iiia?a/iiai ia?a??co i?e e?o/aii?.

I?iaaaeaiee aiae?c io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a aeicaiey? c?iaeoe oae?
aeniiaee:

Aiae?c ?nioth/eo iaoiae?a ?ic?aooieo noaeaaaoiiieo eiino?oeoe?e
iieacaa, ui ieoaiiy ?ic?aooieo noaeaaaoiiieo aeaiaio?a i?yiieooiiai
iiia?a/iiai ia?a??co ia i?oei?noue i?e e?o/aii? aea/ai? iaaeinoaoiuei.

Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy noaeaaaoiiieo, cae?ciaaoiiieo oa
noaeacae?ciaaoiiieo a?on?a i?yiieooiiai iiia?a/iiai ia?a??co iieacaee,
ui ciai?oi? a?ioaaiiy nooe?eueiith iaoaeaaith iaieiieith aaoiiieo ?
cae?ciaaoiiieo a?on?a aeicaiey? ca?eueoeoe iano/o ni?iiiaei?noue i?e
e?o/aii? a 5-7 ?ac?a.

I?e e?o/aii? a?on?a i?yiieooiiai ia?a??co iaeneiaeuei? aeaoi?iaoe??
aeieeathoue ia a?eueo?e noi?ii? iiia?a/iiai ia?a??co, o eooao
aeaoi?iaoe?? aei??aiththoue ioeth.

Noaeaaaoiii? oa noaeacae?ciaaoiii? a?one (i?e aei?iaoaaii?) i?aeoe/ii ia
aaeanoueny c?oeioaaoe; i?ney aeinyaiaiiy a?aie/iiai e?ooiiai iiiaioo
aiie ni?iiiaei? ni?eeiaoe aeiaaee /an iaaaioaaeaiiy, yea aei??aith?
(0,85-0,9) Ia? i?e cia/iiio ?ino? aeaoi?iaoe?e.

O??ueie a aaoiiiiio yae?? noaeaaaoiiieo c?ace?a ?icoaoiaothoueny
aaeioiiiae?aii ii an?e aeiaaeei? a?ona ? neeaaeathoue eoo 450 ?c
iicaeiaaeiueith a?nnth c?acea.

?ic?iaeaii niin?a aecia/aiiy iai?oaeaii-aeaoi?iiaaiiai noaio
noaeaaaoiiiiai aeaiaioa i?yiieooiiai iiia?a/iiai ia?a??co i?e e?o/aii?,
caniiaaiee ia ?ice?eoo? eiioaeoo i?ae noaeaaith iaieiieith ? aaoiiiei
yae?ii, ui ciaoiaeeoueny a oiiaao ia’?iiiai iai?oaeaiiai noaio.

?ic?iaeaii niin?a aecia/aiiy iai?oaeaii-aeaoi?iiaaiiai noaio
noaeaaaoiiiiai aeaiaioa, aeae?eaiiai c a?ona iioeeeie ia?a??caie.

Ia i?aenoaa? aiae?co noaie o??ueiiooai?aiiy a aaoiiiiio yae??
cai?iiiiiaaia noaia a?aie/ii? ??aiiaaae aeey aecia/aiiy iano/i?
ni?iiiaeiino? aaoiiiiai, cae?ciaaoiiiiai oa noaeaaaoiiiiai a?ona i?e
e?o/aii?.

Ii??aiyiiy cae?ciaaoiiieo aeaiaio?a i?yiieooiiai ia?a??co i?e e?o/aii?
?c noaeaaaoiiieie iieacaei, ui aeei?enoaiiy noaeaaaoiiieo eiino?oeoe?e
aeicaiey? caiuaaeeoe a na?aaeiueiio 30-35% noae?.

INIIAI? IIEIAEAIIss AeENA?OAOe?? IIOAE?EIAAI? O ?IAIOAO:

1. Y.Ae. *eoeaaeca, A.A. Iioiaeeia Oai?ey aeaoi?ie?iaaiey
noaeaaaoiiiuo yeaiaioia i?yiioaieueiiai na/aiey.//Na. aeiee.
Iaaeaeoia?.eiio. “Noaeaaeaeaciaaoiiiua eiino?oeoeee: enneaaeiaaiea,
i?iaeoe?iaaiea e no?ieoaeuenoai”. — E?eaie ?ia. — 1996. — N.26. 2.
Y.Ae. *eoeaaeca, A.E. Eie/oiia, A.A. Iioiaeeia Yenia?eiaioaeueiia
enneaaeiaaiea noaeaaaoiiiuo a?onueaa i?yiioaieueiiai na/aiey i?e
e?o/aiee. // Na. aeiee. iaaeaeoia?. eiio. “Noaeaaeaeaciaaoiiiua
eiino?oeoeee: enneaaeiaaiea, i?iaeoe?iaaiea e no?ieoaeuenoai”. — E?eaie
?ia. — 1998. — N.223-226.

3. Y.Ae. *eoeaaeca, A.A. Iioiaeeia
Iai?yaeaiii-aeaoi?ie?iaaiiia ninoiyiea noaeaaaoiiiiai a?ona i?e
e?o/aiee. //?anioaeee.iaaeaaaeiiona. iao/.-oao.na. “Eiiioiaeueiia
oicyenoai ai?iaeia”. — Auione 16. — Oa?ueeia. -1998.-C.35-39.

4. Y.Ae. *eoeaaeca, A.E. Eie/oiia, A.A. Iioiaeeia Yenia?eiaioaeueiia
enneaaeiaaiea noaeaaaoiiiuo a?onueaa i?yiioaieueiiai na/aiey i?e
e?o/aiee //Eca.AOCia . No?ieoaeuenoai. — 1999. — ?1. — N. 139-141.

AIIOAOe?ss

Iioiaeeia I.A. I?oei?noue noaeaaaoiiieo aeaiaio?a i?yiieooiiai
iiia?a/iiai ia?a??co i?e e?o/aii?. — ?oeiien.

Aeenna?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.23.01 — aoae?aaeuei? eiino?oeoe??, aoae?ae? oa
nii?oaee . Oa?e?anueea aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y cae?cie/iiai o?ainii?oo ,
Oa?e?a, 1999

?icaeyioo? ?nioth/? oeie noaeaaaoiiieo eiino?oeoe?e ? iaoiaee ?o
?ic?aooieo. A?aei?/aii, ui ieoaiiy ?ic?aooieo noaeaaaoiiieo aeaiaio?a
i?yiieooiiai ia?a??co ia e?o/aiiy aea/ai? neaai.

I?iaaaeaii aenia?eiaioaeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy noaeaaaoiiieo,
noaeacae?ciaaoiiieo ? cae?ciaaoiiieo a?on?a i?yiieooiiai iiia?a/iiai
ia?a??co i?e e?o/aii?. Iieacai? iniaeeaino? ?iaioe c?ace?a a iaiei?.
?ic?iaeai? iaoiaee aecia/aiiy iai?oaeaii-aeaoi?iiaaiiai noaio a
iiia?a/iiio ? iaoeeaiiio ia?a??c? noaeaaaoiiiiai aeaiaioa, a oaeiae
?iaeaia?iee niin?a aecia/aiiy iano/i? caeaoiino? noaeaaaoiiiiai a?ona
i?yiieooiiai ia?a??co i?e e?o/aii?. Cai?iiiiiaaia eiino?oeoe?y
noaeaaaoiiiiai a?ona, yeee ni?eeia? cia/i? e?ooi? oa caeiaeuei? aieeae.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: noaeaaaoiiiee aeaiaio, iai?oaeaii-aeaoi?iiaaiee noai,
a?aie/ia iaaaioaaeaiiy, i?yiieooiee iiia?a/iee ia?a??c.

ANNOTATION

Motovilov A.V. The strength of the steelconcrete elements with
rectangular diametrical section in torsion. — Manuscript.

Dissertation for the scientific degree of the candidate of technical
sciences by speciality 05.23.01 — building constructions, buildings and
structures. — Kharkov state academy of railway transport, Kharkov, 1999.

Existent types of the steelconcrete constructions and methods of their
analysis have been considered. It was noted that questions of torsion
analysis of steelconcrete elements with rectangular diametrical section
have been studied weekly. There was executed experimental researches of
steelconcrete beams and reinforced concrete beams with rectangular
diametrical section in torsion. Features of specimens work in a casing
have been demonstrated. Methods of the stress and deformation state
determination for transversal and inclined sections of a steelconcrete
element as well as engineering method of limit strength determination
for a steelconcrete beam have been developed. The design of a
steelconcrete beam carrying considerable torsion and bending has been
proposed.

Key words: the steelconcrete element, the strees and deformation
state, , the limit strength, rectangular diametrical section

AIIIOAOeEss

Iioiaeeia A.A. I?i/iinoue noaeaaaoiiiuo yeaiaioia i?yiioaieueiiai
iiia?a/iiai na/aiey i?e e?o/aiee. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.23.01 — no?ieoaeueiua eiino?oeoeee, caeaiey e
nii?oaeaiey. Oa?ueeianeay ainoaea?noaaiiay aeaaeaiey aeaeaciiaei?iaeiiai
o?ainii?oa, Oa?ueeia, 1999.

?anniio?aiu nouanoaothuea iaoiaeu ?an/aoa noaeaaaoiiiuo eiino?oeoeee e
auiieiai eo aiaeec. Iieacaii, /oi aii?inu ?an/aoa noaeaaaoiiiuo
yeaiaioia i?yiioaieueiiai na/aiey ia i?i/iinoue i?e e?o/aiee eco/aiu
iaaeinoaoi/ii.

N oeaeueth ii?aaeaeaiey niaoeeoeee aeaoi?ie?iaaiey e ?ac?ooaiey
noaeaaaoiia i?e e?o/aiee eniuoaii 8 ia?acoeia i?yiioaieueiiai na/aiey, 4
ec eioi?uo noaeaaeaeaciaaoiiiua, 2 — noaeaaaoiiiua e 2 —
aeaeaciaaoiiiua. Eniuoaiea i?iecaiaeeeinue ia niaoeeaeueii nicaeaiiie
yenia?eiaioaeueiie onoaiiaea. Ia anao ia?acoeao auee onoaiiaeaiu
aeao/eee nii?ioeaeaiey, iieacaiey eioi?uo nieiaeenue i?eai?ii AEAe-4 ia
eaaeaeii yoaia iaa?oaeaiey. ?acoeueoaou yenia?eiaioa iieacaee
i?eioeeieaeueiia ioee/ea i?ioeanna o?aueiiia?aciaaiey e ?ac?ooaiey
noaeaaaoiiiuo e aeaeaciaaoiiiuo ia?acoeia. A noaeaaaoiiiuo e
noaeaaeaeaciaaoiiiuo ia?acoeao a i?ioeanna aeaoi?ie?iaaiey a aaoiia
ia?acothony o?aueiu, ?aniieaaathueany aeioiia?acii ii anae aeeeia
ia?acoea (a ioee/ea io aaoiiiuo, aaea o?aueiu ia?acothony iina?aaeeia
aeeeiu ia?acoea), i?e yoii iaeeii o?auei ninoaaeyao oaie 450 n
i?iaeieueiie inueth a?ona. ?ac?ooaiea ia?acoeia a iaieia ii n?aaiaieth n
aeaeaciaaoiiiuie, aieaa ieaaiia: i?e aeinoeaeaiee i?aaeaeueiiai
e?ooyuaai iiiaioa ia?acoeu i?iaeieaeatho aea?aeaoue iaa?oceo i?e
cia/eoaeueiii ?inoa aeaoi?iaoeee. Iieiinoueth ?ac?ooeoue noaeaaaoiiiua e
noaeaaeaeaciaaoiiiua a?onuey i?aeoe/anee ia oaeaaony.Ia iniiaaiee
aeaiiuo yenia?eiaioa aeey anao ia?acoeia iieo/aiu aeeaa?aiiu “e?ooyuee
iiiaio — oaie cae?o/eaaiey”, iino?iaiu a?aoeee, iieacuaathuea aaee/eiu
aeaoi?iaoeee a iaieia noaeaaaoiiiuo ia?acoeia a caaeneiinoe io aaee/eiu
e?ooyuaai iiiaioa.

?ac?aaioaiu iaoiaeu ii?aaeaeaiey iai?yaeaiii-aeaoi?ie?iaaiiiai ninoiyiey
a iiia?a/iii e iaeeiiiii na/aieyo noaeaaaoiiiiai a?ona. I?e ii?aaeaeaiee
IAeN a iiia?a/iii na/aiee ?ane?uaaaony eiioaeo iaaeaeo noaeueiie
iaiei/eie e aaoiiiui yae?ii, iaoiaeyueiny a oneiaeyo iauaiiiai
iai?yaeaiiiai ninoiyiey. Eiioaeoiua oneeey ii?aaeaeythony iaoiaeii nee,
a i?e iienaiee i?ioeanna aeaoi?ie?iaaiey aaoiia eniieuecoaony iiaeoiae,
i?e eioi?ii aaoii i?eaiaeeony e oneiaii ecio?iiiiio iaoa?eaeo n
ia?aiaiiuie ia?aiao?aie aeaoi?ie?iaaiey. Aeey ii?aaeaeaiey IAeN a
iaeeiiiii na/aiee ec ne?o/eaaaiiai a?ona auaeaeytho aaeeie/iue yeaiaio
ni noi?iiaie iiae oaeii 450 e i?iaeieueiie ine, ia eioi?ue ii
iai?aaeaieth aeaaiuo ieiuaaeie aeaenoaotho ecaeaathuea iiiaiou ?aciuo
ciaeia. I?e ii?aaeaeaiee yoeo iiiaioia ?ane?uaaaony IAeN ia aieiauo
a?aiyo yeaiaioa. Aeey ii?aaeaeaiey ianouae niiniaiinoe noaeaaaoiiiiai
a?ona i?yiioaieueiiai na/aiey i?e e?o/aiee ?ac?aaioai eiaeaia?iue
niinia, a iniiao eioi?iai iieiaeaia noaia i?aaeaeueiiai ?aaiiaaney
yeaiaioa a?ona aeeeiie, ?aaiie aunioa na/aiey. I?e yoii aeaenoaothuay ia
a?on e?ooyuay iaa?ocea nicaeaao ecaea ioiineoaeueii eeiee ieanoe/aneeo
oa?ie?ia, ?aniieiaeaiiuo ia aa?oiae e ieaeiae a?aiyo yeaiaioa. N?aaiaiea
?acoeueoaoia ?an/aoa ii i?aaeeaaaaiie iaoiaeeea n aeaiiuie yenia?eiaioa
iieacaei eo aunieoth noaiaiue noiaeeiinoe.

I?aaeeiaeaia eiino?oeoeey noaeaaaoiiiiai a?ona, niiniaiiai aini?eieiaoue
cia/eoaeueiua e?ooyuea e ecaeaathuea aicaeaenoaey.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: noaeaaaoiiiue yeaiaio, iai?yaeaiii-aeaoi?ie?iaaiiia
ninoiyiea, i?aaeaeueiay iaa?ocea, i?yiioaieueiia iiia?a/iia na/aiea.

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

I?OeI?NOUe NOAEAAAOIIIEO AEAIAIO?A

I?ssIIEOOIIAI IIIA?A*IIAI IA?A??CO I?E E?O*AII?

IIOIAEEIA IEAENAIAe? AAEA??EIAE*

A?aeiia?aeaeueiee ca aeione

?iiaiaiei A.A.

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 01.02.99?.

Oi?iao iaia?o 60o84 1/16 Iai?? aeey ?iciiiaeoaaeueieo aia?ao?a.

Ae?oe ionaoiee. Oiia.- ae?oe. a?e. 1,0. Iae.-aeae. a?e. 1,2.

Cai. ? 88 . Oe?aae 100 i?ei. Aacieaoii.

Aeae. Oa?AeACO, 310051, i. Oa?e?a-50, iaeaeai Oae??aaoa, 7.

Ae?oe. Oa?AeACO, 310051, i. Oa?e?a-50, iaeaeai Oae??aaoa, 7.

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