6

OE?A?INUeEA AEAAeAI?ss AA?A?IEO IAOE

?INOEOOO OAA?EIIEOeOAA

?oaoeia ?ai? Ieaenaiae?iae/

OAeE 636. 22/.28. 082. 12

I?IEEA?NOUe OA AAIAOE*IA IAOIIAEAI?NOUe AINIIAeA?NUeEI-EI?ENIEO ICIAE O
AOAA?A-IE?AeIEE?A AO?EO II??Ae

06.02.01 — ?icaaaeaiiy oa naeaeoe?y oaa?ei

A A O I ? A O A ? A O

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe

Oa?e?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia o Noinueeiio aea?aeaaiiio aa?a?iiio oi?aa?neoao?
I?iaa?ii?iio Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe, i?ioani?

Eioaiaeae? Aaiiaae?e Iaaeiae/,
Noinueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee
oi?aa?neoao, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?ith

oaoiieia?? ae?iaieoeoaa i?iaeoeoe??
oaa?eiieoeoaa

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe, i?ioani?

?oaai TH??e Aeieo?iae/, Oa?e?anueeee
ciiaaoa?eia?iee ?inoeooo, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?ith

e?oiiiai oaa?eiieoeoaa

aeieoi? a?ieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Eaoee Aai?a?e Aeieo?iae/,
Eoaainueeee

aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?ith a?ieia??
oaa?ei

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: ?inoeooo ?icaaaeaiiy ? aaiaoeee oaa?ei OAAI,

eaai?aoi??y ?ic?iaee iaoiae?a i?aeaeuaiiy a?aeoai?thaaeueii?
caeaoiino? aenieii?iaeoeoeaieo oaa?ei

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 6 ” ea?oiy 1999 ?. i 1000 aiae. ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 65. 356. 01 ?inoeoooo
oaa?eiieoeoaa OAAI ca aae?anith: 312120, i. Oa?e?a, i/a Eoeeie/?.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo
oaa?eiieoeoaa OAAI (312120, i. Oa?e?a, i/a Eoeeie/?)

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “28” n?/iy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii?

a/aii? ?aaee
Oaaoia A.?.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Oaeineiiaeaiiy eaaaaeeinueei? ooaeiae ii/aeiny c
aeei?enoaiiy aoaa?a-ie?aeiee?a oa?oeueei? ii?iaee aia?eeainueei?
naeaeoe?? a na?aaeei? 70-o ?ie?a. O iiaeaeueoiio ?icaaaeaii?
aeei?enoiaoaaee aoaa?a aano??enueei?, i?iaoeueei? naeaeoe?e, oa ?o
iauaaee?a, io?eiaieo o ?ai?iaeoeoi?ao oa?oeueei? ooaeiae Noinueei?
iaeano?.

Ia ii/aoeiaiio aoai? ieaioaaeiny “i?eeeooy e?ia?” aia?eeainueeeo
oa?oe?a c iaoith iie?auaiiy oaoiieia?/ieo oa i?iaeoeoeaieo yeinoae
eaaaaeeinueei? ooaeiae. I?ioa a?eueo?noue iii?nae ia?oiai iieie?iiy ia
a?aeiia?aeaea anoaiiaeaiei aeiiaai, ? oiio aoei i?eeiyoi ??oaiiy
i?iaeiaaeeoe no?auoaaiiy c? oa?oeueeith ooaeiaith. Ia /anoei? iiaie?a’y
ii/aeiny aeei?enoaiiy cai?ioiueiai no?auoaaiiy c aoaayie-ie?aeieeaie
eaaaaeeinueei? ooaeiae, oiio c’yaeeenue aoaa?-ie?aeieee c ??cieie
/anoeaie e?ia? ii iie?iooth/?e ii?iae?. O oeae ia??iae aeieeee cia/i?
o?oaeiiu? c ioe?ieith aoaa?a-ie?aeiee?a ca ye?noth iauaaee?a, iia’ycai?
c? nei?i/aiiyi iiaie?a’y ao?i? ooaeiae oa e?eueeino? ainiiaea?noa, o
yeeo aoei iiaeeeai i?iaanoe ia’?eoeaio ioe?ieo. O iiaeaeueoiio
?icaaaeaii? c na?aaeeie, 80 ? ia ii/aoeo 90 ?ie?a, c iiyaith
?ai?iaeoeoi??a c’yaeeenue aoaa?-ie?aeieee oa?oeueei? ii?iaee
aano??enueei? oa i?iaoeueei? naeaeoe?e, ye? o naith /a?ao oaeiae iaee
/anoeo e?ia? aia?eeainueeeo oa?oe?a.

No/ania naeaeoe?y c eaaaaeeinueeith ooaeiaith ni?yiiaaia ia noai?aiiy
iiei/iiai oeio c? caa?aaeaiiyi aenieeo i’ynieo yeinoae oa i?iaeoeoeaiiai
aeiaaie?ooy.

O ia??iaee/i?e e?oa?aoo?? ? iia?aeiieaiiy i?i iia??oaiiy i’ynieo
yeinoae a?o/eciyieo ii??ae, yeeo iie?ioothoue ?iicaiieie iiei/ieie
ii?iaeaie (AEoei?nueeee I. oa ?i., 1995; Caei? I.A., 1996). Aeoiaey/e c
oeueiai, ne?ae aaaaeaoe aeooaeueiei aea/aiiy ?inoo ? ?icaeoeo oaa?ei,
oae ye oe? iciaee coiiaeththoue i’ynio i?iaeoeoeai?noue ooaeiae. Aeey
aeniei? a??ia?aeiino? ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue iaiao?aeii noai?eoe
iioeiaeuei? oiiae oo?eiaiiy oa aiae?ae? oaa?ei. Aiie ?, ye i?aaeei, ia
ieaii?aei?e?inoaao, aea ae?iuothoue oa ioe?iththoue aoaa?a-ie?aeiee?a.

Ia aeaeue, aei oeueiai /ano ia ia? iiaii? yniino? a aeayeeo aniaeoao
naeaeoe?? eaaaaeeinueei? ooaeiae. Ii-ia?oa, yeee iiaeiai aooe e?ioeaaee
aaiioei ii iie?iooth/?e ii?iae?; ii-ae?oaa, aoaa?a yei? naeaeoe?? e?aua
aeei?enoiaoaaoe (aia?eeainueei?, aano??enueei?, i?iaoeueei? /e
i?noeaai?, io?eiaieo a ?ai?iaeoeoi?ao); ii-o?ao?, c yeith /anoeith e?ia?
oa?oeueei? ii?iaee i?ai?/iiaia?eeainueei? naeaeoe?? (BS) aiie iiaeii?
aooe; ? /aoaa?oa, ye? i?e oeueiio aa??aioe i?aeai?o e?aua
aeei?enoiaoaaoe.

Iaaeinoaoi?e noai aea/aiino? aieeao oeeo oaeoi??a ia ??no, ?icaeoie,
a?aeoai?io caeaoi?noue oa ieai?iio oe?ii?noue aoaa?a-ie?aeiee?a ao?i?
ooaeiae aeicaieythoue aaaaeaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy a oeueiio iai?yi?
aeooaeueieie.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. ?iaioa
aeeiioaaeanue ca?aeii c ieaiii iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o Noinueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ca oaiith: “Oaeineiiaeaiiy
naeaeoe?eieo i?ia?ai ? oaoiieia?e i?e ?icaaaeaii? iiei/ii? oa i’ynii?
ooaeiae” iiia? aea?aeaaii? ?a?no?aoe?? 01. 944017732 oa “?ic?iaea
naeaeoe?eii? i?ia?aie ye?niiai oaeineiiaeaiiy noaaea oa?oeueei? ooaeiae
AeIC “Aacae?ee” iiia? aea?aeaaii? ?a?no?aoe?? 01. 97. V 01. 90. 77.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith iaoeo aeine?aeaeaiue aoei
aea/aiiy ?inoo, ?icaeoeo, a?aeoai?ii? caeaoiino? oa ieai?iii? oe?iiino?
aoaa?a-ie?aeiee?a ao?eo ii??ae ??cieo aaiioei?a ? naeaeoe?eii?
iaeaaeiino? oa aecia/aiiy iai?yi?a iiaeaeueoi? naeaeoe?? ao?i? ooaeiae.

I?e i?iaaaeaii? ?iaioe aoee iinoaaeai? ianooii? caaaeaiiy:

— aecia/eoe aieea aaiioeio aoaa?a-ie?aeiee?a ao?eo ii??ae ia ?o ??no oa
?icaeoie;

— i?iaiae?coaaoe oi?ioaaiiiy aoaeiae ?o o?ea;

— anoaiiaeoe e?euee?ni? oa ye?ni? iieacieee nia?iii?iaeoeoe??, a oaeiae
?? caie?aeithaaeueio caeaoi?noue;

— c’ynoaaoe aieea ?ia?eaeeiao ia iniiai? ainiiaea?nueei-ei?eni? iciaee
oa ieai?ii? yeino? aoaa?a;

— ocaaaeueieoe ?acoeueoaoe ioe?iee aoaa?a-ie?aeiee?a ca ye?noth
iauaaee?a;

— aecia/eoe naeaeoe?eii-aaiaoe/i? ia?aiao?e aoaa?a-ie?aeiee?a ??cieo
aaiioeiiaeo a?oi;

— ?ic?aooaaoe aeiiii?/io aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy oa?oeueei? ii?iaee
a i?ioean? naeaeoe?? ao?i? ooaeiae.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. O i?ioean? aeeiiaiiy ?iaioe
aia?oa a Oe?a?i? cae?eniai? eiiieaeni? aeine?aeaeaiiy ii aea/aiith
iniiaieo ainiiaea?nueei-ei?enieo iciae o aoaa?a-ie?aeiee?a ao?eo ii??ae
??cieo aaiioei?a ? naeaeoe?e. Ia aaeeeiio iiaie?a’? anoaiiaeai?
iniaeeaino? ?inoo ? ?icaeoeo, aenoa?’??o, oeio aoaeiae o?ea,
i?iaiae?ciaai? iieacieee nia?iii?iaeoeoe?? oa caie?aeithaaeueii?
caeaoiino?, c’yniaaii, ye aaiioeii? oaeoi?e (?ia?eaeeia, /anoea BS,
naeaeoe?eia iaeaaei?noue) aieeaathoue ia ?icaeoie iciae ? ye aiie
ii?aeiothoueny.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue
canoiniaothoueny i?e eiiieaeni?e ioe?ioe? aoaa?a ao?eo ii??ae ca
aeaniith i?iaeoeoeai?noth c o?aooaaiiyi iniaeeainoae oi?ioaaiiy oeio
aoaeiae o?ea, ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?o ?ai?iaeoeoeaii? nenoaie, aeey
ei?aaoaaiiy caoiae?a ii aeiai?o oaa?ei, ye? aeei?enoiaothoueny ia
Noinueeiio ieaii?aei?e?inoa? oa a ieai?iieo ainiiaea?noaao, ye?
caeiathoueny ?icaaaeaiiyi ao?i? ooaeiae.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Ca aaciina?aaeiueith o/anoth caeiaoaa/a
c?a?aii ia?aeii? iaoa??aee i?i aoaa?a-ie?aeiee?a ao?i? ooaeiae,
cae?eniaii ?o noaoenoe/ia ii?aoethaaiiy, iienai? e i?iaiae?ciaai?
io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe, i?iaaaeaii ?o ocaaaeueiaiiy, c?iaeai? aeniiaee oa
i?iiiceoe?? ae?iaieoeoao. Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe a?aoiaai? i?e ?ic?iaoe?
i?ia?aie naeaeoe?eii — ieai?iii? ?iaioe c ao?ith ooaeiaith Noinei?
iaeano? ia ia??iae aei 2012 ?ieo.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue ?
iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeai? ? iaaiai?ai? a aeiiia?aeyo
ca?oii? iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? eiioa?aioe?? ni?a?ia?oiee?a ENA? (1994?. i.
Eoaainuee), i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe??, i?enay/ai?e
110-??//th a?ae aeiy ia?iaeaeaiiy Iioueiie?ia Ieeiee Aeieo?iae/a
“Aaiioiiae ii??ae oaa?ei oa iaoiaee eiai aeei?enoaiiy” (1995?. i.
Oa?e?a), iaoeiai-ae?iaie/?e eiioa?aioe?? “Oai?aoe/i? e i?aeoe/i? aniaeoe
ii?iaeiooai?th-aaeueiiai i?ioeano o iiei/iiio oa i’yniiio neioa?noa?
(1995?. i. Ee?a), iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? “Iai?yiee i?aeaeuaiiy
i?iaeoeoeaiino? oa yeino? n?euenueeiainiiaei?nueei? iaoee” (1995?. i.
Noie), i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe??, i?enay/ai?e
140-??//th a?ae aeiy ia?iaeaeaiiy i?ioani?a Eoeaoiaa Iaaea Ieeieaeiae/a
“Iniiaiiieiaeiee ciioaoi?/-ii? iaoee I..I. Eoeaoia oa ia?niaeoeaa
?icaeoeo niaoe?aeueiinoae ii ciioaoi?? oa aaoa?eia???” (1995?. i.
Oa?e?a), i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe??, i?enay/ai?e
80-??//th a?ae aeiy ia?iaeaeaiiy /eaia-ei?aniiiaeaioa AANAI?E Aenia?a
Oaaei?a Oaaei?iae/a “Oai??y ? i?aeoeea ieai?iii? ni?aae a oaa?eiieoeoa?
(1996?. i. Oa?e?a), i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-ae?iaie/?e eiioa?aioe??
“Oaeineiiaeaiiy ieai?iieo ? i?iaeoeoeaieo yeinoae iiioeyoe?? ao?i?
ooaeiae” (1996?. i. Ee?a), i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e
eiioa?aioe??, i?enay/ai?e 100-??//th a?ae aeiy ia?iaeaeaiiy i?ioani?a
I.TH. ssoeaiei “Iaoiaee noai?aiiy ii??ae ? aeei?enoaiiy
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oaa?ei” (1998?. i. Oa?e?a).

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iioae?eiaaii a
14 iaoeiaeo i?aoeyo o oiio /ene? o oaoiaeo aeaeaiiyo 4 , iaoa??aeao
iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?e 9 oa iaoeiai-ae?iaie/iio atheaoith
“Naeaeoe?y” 1.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Caaaeueiee ianya ?iaioe 145 noi?., o o. /.
47 oaae., aeiaeaoee — 10 oaae., 1 iaethiie. Aeena?oaoe?y ia? oae?
?icae?ee: anooi, iaeyae e?oa?aoo?e, iaoa??ae oa iaoiaeeee
aeine?aeaeaiue, ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue, aiae?c ? ocaaaeueiaiiy
?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue, aeniiaee e i?iiiceoe?? ae?iaieoeoao.
A?ae?ia?ao?y — 180 iaeiaioaaiue, o o. /. 24 — ?iicaiieo aeaeaiue.

IAOA??AE OA IAOIAeEEE AeINE?AeAEAIUe

Iaoeiai-ainiiaea?nuee? aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee i?iaaaeai? o ae?iaie/eo
oiiaao Noinueeiai ieaii?aei?e?inoaa oa a iniiaieo ainiiaea?noaao, ye?
caeiathoueny ?icaaaeaiiyi ao?i? ooaeiae: aea?aeieaicaaiaee “Ieoaee?aea,
“Aacae?ee” oa ieaicaaiaee “*oiao?anueeee”, “I?aiaie?anueeee” oa
aeine?aeiiai ainiiaea?noaa “Ae?oa”.

Aeo?aeiei iaoa??aeii aeey aeine?aeaeaiue noaee aeai? ciioaoi?/iiai
iae?eo Noinueeiai ieaii?aei?e?inoaa ca inoaii? a?n?iiaaeoeyoue ?ie?a
(iae. 1). Nooiaiue ?ia?eaeeiao aecia/aee ca

Iae. 1 Caaaeueia noaia aeine?aeaeaiue

oi?ioeith N. ?aeoa a iiaeeo?eaoe?? Ae.A. Eeneianueeiai. E?iai?noue ca
iie?iooth/ith ii?iaeith oa (BS) aecia/aeanue ca caaaeueiii?eeiyoith
ciioaoi?/iith iaoiaeeeith c aeei?enoaiiyi aaiaaeia?/ii? noaie oa?oeueei?
ii?iaee i?ai?/ii-aia?eeainueei? naeaeoe??. Naeaeoe?eio iaeaaei?noue — o
caeaaeiino? a?ae iioiaeaeaiiy oa i?noey ia?iaeaeaiiy.

Aea/aiiy ?inoo oa ?icaeoeo aeine?aeieo oaa?ei i?iaiaeeee ca
?acoeueoaoaie caaaeoaaiue i?e ia?iaeaeaii?, a 6, 12, 18 i?nyoe?a oa a 2,
3, 4, 5 ?ie?a. Aecia/aee na?aaeiueaeiaia? oa a?aeiini? i?e?inoe.

Aenoa?’?? oa eiinoeoooe?iiaeuei? iniaeeaino? ioe?ithaaeenue o
aoaa?a-ie?aeiee?a o a?oe? 3 ?ie?a ca ?acoeueoaoaie iniiaieo i?ii???a
o?ea, oa ?ic?aooieii ?iaeaen?a aoaeiae o?ea.

A?aeoai?i? ooieoe?? ie?aeiee?a aea/aeenue o ia?o? aeaa ?iee
aeei-?enoaiiy. A?aoiaoaaee ia’?i ayeoeyoo, eiioeaio?aoe?th oa
?ooeea?noue nia?i??a, caie?aeithaaeueio ni?iiiaei?noue a?ae ia?oiai
in?iai?iiy, o?eaae?noue ieai?iiiai aeei?enoaiiy, e?euee?noue nia?iiaeic
ia iaeia caie?aeiaiiy oa e?euee?noue nia?ie ca ??e aeei?enoaiiy.

A?iiao?e/ia ia?iaea aeaieo aaeanue iaoiaeii aa??aoe?eii? noaoenoeee,
ei?aeyoe?eiiai oa aeenia?n?eiiai (iaeii oa aeaiooaeoi?iiai eiiieaeno)
aiae?c?a (?.E. Ia?eo?’?aa, 1970; 1984) c aeei?enoaiiyi IE IBM PC/AT —
486 AeO oa i?ia?aiiiai caaacia/aiiy eiiiai?? “Microsoft”.

?ACOEUeOAOE AeINE?AeAEAIUe

??no oa ?icaeoie aoaa?a-ie?aeiee?a ao?eo ii??ae. Ae?iuoaaiiy ieai?iieo
aoaaeoe?a ni?yiiaaia ia iaea?aeaiiy caei?iaeo oaa?ei, caeaoieo
iaeneiaeueii i?iyaeoe aaiaoe/iee iioaioe?ae. Aiae?c ?inoo
aoaa?a-ie?aeiee?a ao?eo ii??ae ??cieo aaiioei?a iieaco?, ui ii/eiath/e c
6-e i?ny/iiai a?eo a?eueo ?ioaineaiee ??no niinoa??aaany o
/enoiii?iaeieo oa?oeueeeo oaa?ei, ye? a??ia?aeii ia?aaeuoaaee ?io? a?oie
ia 19-30.6 ea (?>0.999). Na?aae iii?nieo oaa?ei a?aecia/aeany a?oia
aaiioeio 75%o + 25%ie, ye? a ia??iaee noa?oa 2 ?ie?a ia?aaaaeaee
i?ea?iaeueieo eaaaaeeinueeeo ? ?ioeo iii?nieo ia 1.7-11.3 %.

I?e aea/aii? ?inoo aoaa?a-ie?aeiee?a aaeeea cia/aiiy ia? iayai?noue o
aaiioei? iaaii? /anoee oa?oeueei? ii?iaee i?ai?/ii-aia?eeainueei?
naeaeoe??. Anoaiiaeaii, ui oaa?eie ??cieo aaiioeiieo a?oi iaee ia
iaeiaeia? iieacieee ?inoo (oaae. 1). sseui a?ae ia?iaeaeaiiy aei 12
i?nyoe?a a??ia?aeii? ??cieoe? i?ae a?oiaie ia aeyaeaii, oi o 18 —
i?ny/iiio a?oe? oaa?eie c /anoeith BS 50-62.5 % a??ia?aeii iinooiaeeny
aoaayi, ye? iaee a?eueoo /anoeo e?ia? BS (?>0.99), aea a iiaeaeueoiio
oey ??cieoey i?aaeth?oueny.

Na?aae oaa?ei ??cieo naeaeoe?e e?au? ?acoeueoaoe iaee aoaa?, ye? aoee
caaacai? c Aano??? oa I?ia//eie, i?ae o?, ye? aoee io?eiai? o
a?o/eciyieo ?ai?iaeoeoi?ao a?ae caaacaiiiai iiaie?a’y. Ia?aaaaa o 2 ?iee
neeaea (4.1-14.9 %), o 3 ?iee (3.0-10.3 %), o 4 ?iee (2.3-5.7 %) oa a 5
?ie?a (0.2-0.7 %).

Oei aoaeiae o?ea. Onoaiiaeaii, ui aoaa?-ie?aeieee ??cieo aaiioei?a
oa?aeoa?ecothoueny cia/iith ??ciiiai?oi?noth i?ii???a o?ea. Oaa?eie, ye?
iaee 50 % ? iaioa e?ia? oa?oeueei? ii?iaee a??ia?aeii iinooiaeeny ye
/enoiii?iaeiei oa?oeueeei, oae ? iii?nyi c a?eueoith /anoeith e?ia?
iie?iooth/i? ii?iaee ii aenio? a oieoe? ia 5.6-10.0 ni (?>0.999).
Inoaii? o naith /a?ao aoee ? iaea?eueo aeiaaeie. Ia?aaaaa neeaea a?ae
7.7 aei 13.0 ni ? eeoa ca iaoaaoii i’ynoea niinoa??aaeany oaiaeaioe?y
eiai ciaioaiiy c i?aeaeuaiiyi e?ia? oa?oeueei? ii?iaee.

Oaaeeoey 1

Iieacieee ?inoo aoaa?a-ie?aeiee?a oa?oeueei? ii?iaee

??cieo aaiioei?a, Im

A?aenioie e?ia? BS A?enaei 50n50-62.5n63-75na?eueo 75 I?e ia?iae.34
33.90.74134.50.83534.01.0 —6 i?c34208.04.241204.83.335200.05.2- -12
i?n34381.07.541 363.74.935 365.05.2—18 i?n28490.48.332
474.36.130504.17.96 506.76.22
?iee25596.88.630590.28.029631.610.76668.837.03 ?iee
23745.39.029743.710.327759.812.76 828.121.04 ?iee11850.211.8
20839.56.817837.612.66847.016.15 ?ie?a
8928.515.714904.012.010882.715.74863.714.0

Na?aae aoaa?a oa?oeueei? ii?iaee ??cieo aaiioei?a a?eueo aeeaiea
a?oaeia ee?oeia aoea o oaa?ei c a?eueoith /anoeith e?ia? BS ia 2.2-3.3
ni, aea aiie iinooiaeeny ?ioei ca einith aeiaaeeiith ooeoaa oa oe?eiith
a iaeeaeao ia 3.7-8.5 oa 1.4-2.8 ni a?aeiia?aeii.

Ii aenio? a oieoe? ie?aeieee, io?eiai? a i?noeaaeo ?ai?iaeoeoi?ao a?ae
caaacaiiiai aano??enueeiai iiaie?a’y, iaee ia?aaaao iaae caaacaieie c
Aano??? ia 3.3 ni (?>0.95), caaacaieie c I?ia//eie ia 7.1 ni (?>0.999).
Oaa?eie oe??? ae a?oie ia?aaaaeaee an?o ?ioeo ii oe?ei? a?oaeae ia 2.7-
5.8 ni, ii oe?ei? a iaeeaeao ia 3.3-5.3 ni.

?iaeaene aoaeiae o?ea iieacaee, ui c i?aeaeuaiiyi e?ia? oa?oeueei?
ii?iaee aei 75 % ciaiooaaany ?iaeaen caeoino? oa einoenoino? ?
ca?eueooaaany a?oaeiee ?iaeaen. I?aeaeuaiiy e?ia? oa?oeueei? ii?iaee
i?ai?/iiaia?eeainueei? naeaeoe?? aei 75 % i?ecaaei aei oiai, ui oaa?eie
aoee iecueeiiiaeie, iaio ?icoyaiooeie, c iaioith oe?eiith a?oaeii?
ee?oee. A?eueo ?icoyaiooeie aeyaeeeny oaa?eie, ye? aoee caaacai? c
I?ia//eie oa i?noeaaa ?o ?ai?iaeoeoe?y. Aoaa?, ye? aoee caaacai? c
Aano???, iaee iaea?eueoee oacia?oaeiee ?iaeaen, ui aiai?eoue i?i
?icaeoie o a?e ?icoe?aiiy a?oaeii? ee?oee a ii??aiyii? c oe?eiith caaeo.
Oaa?eie aano??enueei? ?ai?iaeoeoe?? ?icaeaaeeny a?eueo o a?e ianeaiino?
ia ui aeacoaaa ?ici?? a?oaeiiai ?iaeaeno.

Aieea aaiioeio ? naeaeoe?eii? iaeaaeiino? ia a?aeoai?io caeaoi?noue
aoaa?a-ie?aeiee?a. Noai a?aeoai?ii? caeaoiino? aoaa?a oa?aeoa?eco?oueny
ia?o ca ana e?euee?nieie oa ye?nieie iieacieeaie io?eiaii? a?ae ieo
nia?ie. I?e aea/ai? yeino? nia?ie ie?aeiee?a i?ea?iaeueii?
eaaaaeeinueei?, oa?oeueei? ii??ae oa ?o iii?nae (oaae. 2) anoaiiaeaii,
ui a?eueoeie ia’?iaie ayeoeyoo oa?aeoa?ecoaaeeny oaa?eie aaiioeio 75%o +
25%ie. Aiie ia?aaeuoaaee oaa?ei c ?ioeo a?oi ia 0.20-0.62 ie. C
i?aeaeuaiiyi e?ia? iie?iooth/i? ii?iaee i?ine?aeaeoaaeany oaiaeaioe?y
ciaioaiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? nia?i??a a?ae 1.09 aei 0.84 ie?ae/ie, e??i
iai?ae?iaieo oaa?ei oa ?? aeoeaiino?. Ca iieacieeaie caie?aeithaaeueii?
caeaoiino? ia?aaaao iaee oaa?eie aaiioeio 37.5%o + 62.5%ie ia 1.91-3.67
%. E?euee?noue io?eiaii? nia?ie ca ??e aoea iaeaeua a aoaa?a
i?ea?iaeueii? eaaaaeeinueei? ii?iaee — ia 13.0-73.0 ie, i?ae o oaa?ei a
?ioeo a?oiao.

C i?aeaeuaiiyi e?ia? BS o oa?oeuee?e ii?iae? a?aecia/aeiny cieaeaiiy
caie?aeithaaeueii? caeaoiino? a?ae ia?oiai in?iai?iiy ia 0.44-2.81 %,
aea cia/ii c?inoaea e?euee?noue io?eiaii? nia?ie ca ??e (394.1ie).

Iaie a?aecia/aii aieea naeaeoe?eii? iaeaaeiino? ia a?aeoai?i? ooieoe??
ie?aeiee?a. Oae, ca ia’?iii ayeoeyoo ia?aaaao iaee oaa?eie, ye? aoee
caaacai? c Aano??? oa i?noeaaa ?ai?iaeoeoe?y a?ae caaacaiiai c
I?ia//eie iiaie?a’y (12.1-15.5 %). A?aecia/aii aeineoue iecueeo
eiioeaio?aoe?th nia?i??a ii an?o a?oiao oaa?ei (0.80-0.86 ie?ae/ie).
Caie?aeithth/a caeaoi?noue a?ae ia?oiai in?iai?iiy aoea aeuith o aoaa?a,
io?eiaieo o i?noeaaeo ?ai?iaeoeoi?ao ia 3.07-4.14 %. Iaea?eueoa
e?euee?noue nia?ie aoea iaea?aeaia a?ae oaa?ei, caaacaieo c Aano??? (ia
111.0-160.7 ie).

Aieea nii??aeiaiiai nia?thaaiiy ia ?icaeoie ainiiaea?nueei-ei?enieo
iciae o aoaa?a-ie?aeiee?a ao?i? ooaeiae. I?e aiae?c? iiaie?a’y aoaa?a
anoaiiaeaii, ui cia/ia ?o /anoeia aoea a o?e /e ?io?e i??? ?ia?aaeia. Ii
i?ea?iaeuei?e eaaaaeeinuee?e ii?iae? oeae iieaciee noaiiaea 43 %, ii
oa?oeuee?e — 33 %.

?acoeueoaoe ?inoo ie?aeiee?a aeacoaaee, ui i?ae ??cieie a?oiaie oaa?ei
? aeaye? ?ica?aeiino?. Oae, i?e ia?iaeaeai? a i?ea?iaeuei?e
eaaaaeeinuee?e ii?iae? ?ia?aaei? oaa?eie iinooiaeeny aooa?aaeiei ia 0.9
ea (?>0.95). Aea ii/eiath/e c 6 i?nyoe?a ? aei 4 ?ie?a, ?ia?aaei?
ie?aeieee ia?aaeuoaaee aooa?aaeieo o 6 i?nyoe?a — ia 7.5 ea (?>0.95), o
12 i?nyoe?a — ia 5.6 ea, o 18 i?nyoe?a — ia 19.8 ea (?>0.95), o 2 ?iee —
ia 10.4 ea, o 3 ?iee — ia 19.9 ea, a a 4 ?iee — ia 12.1 ea. O oa?oeuee?e
ii?iae? ca ia??iaee e??i 18 i?nyoe?a oa 4 ?ie?a aooa?aaei? oaa?eie
ia?aaeuoaaee ?ia?aaeieo ia 2.2-15.0 ea.

I?ae e?i?eieie i?ii??aie o?ea a i?ea?iaeuei?e eaaaaeeinuee?e ii?iae?
a??ia?aeia ia?aaaaa aooa?aaeieo ie?aeiee?a niinoa??aaeany eeoa ca
iaoaaoii i’ynoea ia 0.4 ni (?>0.95). O oa?oeuee?e ii?iae? ia?aaa?oaiiy
inoaii?o aoee a?eueo nooo?a?: ca aeeaeiith a?oaeae — ia 2.5 ni (?>0.95),
iaoaaoii a?oaeae oa i’ynoea — ia 3.8 oa 0.4 ni (?>0.95) a?aeiia?aeii,
aea ye iieacaee ?iaeaene aoaeiae o?ea, oea ia i?ecaiaea aei c?ooaiue
oeio.

A?aeoai?ia caeaoi?noue caeaaeaea a?ae aa??aioo i?aeai?o. A
i?ea?iaeuei?e eaaaaeeinuee?e ii?iae? ia?aaaaa aooa?aaeieo noaiiaeea ca
eiioeaio?aoe??th nia?i??a — ia 0.02 ie?ae/ie, ca ?ooeea?noth — ia 0.27
aaee, ca caie?aeithth/ith iiaeeea?noth a?ae ia?oiai in?iai?iiy — ia 1.41
%, oa e?euee?noth io?eiaii? nia?ie ca ??e — 34.5 ie. O oa?oeuee?e
ii?iae? ca a?eueo?noth iieaciee?a ia?aaaao iaee ie?aeieee, ye? aoee
io?eiai? a?ae nii??aeiaiiai nia?thaaiiy: ca ia’?iii ayeoeyoo — 0.04 ie,
ca eiioeaio?aoe??th nia?i??a — 0.02 ie?ae/ie, ca ?o ?ooeea?noth — ia
0.11 aaea oa ca caie?aeithth/ith iiaeeea?noth a?ae ia?oiai in?iai?iiy —
ia 0.5 %.

Aieea aaiioeio ? naeaeoe?eii? iaeaaeiino? aoaa?a-ie?aeiee?a ia iiei/io
i?iaeoeoeai?noue aei/ie. Io?eiai? aeai? na?ae/aoue, ui iaeaeu? iieacieee
iiei/ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? niinoa??aaeeny o ei??a, io?eiaieo a?ae
oa?oeueeeo /enoiii?iaeieo ie?aeiee?a (oaae. 3). Aiie ia?aaeuoaaee oaa?ei
c ?ioeo a?oi ii iaaeith ca ia?oo eaeoaoe?th ia 880.3-982.9 ea, ca ae?oao
eaeoaoe?th — ia 590.3-935.4 ea oa ca o?aoth eaeoaoe?th — ia 594.1-
836.8 ea; ca ai?noii aee?o a iieioe? — ia 0.13-0.22 %, 0.08-0.20 % oa
0.04- 0.16 %; ca e?euee?noth iiei/iiai aee?o — ia 38.9-43.8 ea,
26.1-42.9 ea oa 24.8-36.3 ea a?aeiia?aeii (?>0.999), aea o oeeo oaa?ei
niinoa??aaeiny ciaioaiiy ai?noo aee?o a iieioe? c ia?oi? aei o?aouei?
eaeoaoe?? — ia 0.06 %.

O ca’yceo c oei, ui ie?aeieee aeei?enoiaoaaeenue ia ??cieo aaiioeiao
ei??a, ?o iauaaeee oaeiae a?ae??ciyeenue ii aaiioeiao ca iie?iooth/ith
ii?iaeith. Aeai? iiei/ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? ei??a, aaoueee yeeo aoee
i?ea?iaeueieie eaaaaeeinueeeie iieacaee, ui oaa?eie aaiioeio 6.25%o +
93.75%ie iaee iaae?e ca ia?oo eaeoaoe?th a?eueoee ia 125.0-314.3 ea. Ca
ae?oao oa o?aoth eaeoaoe?? i?ine?aeaeoaaeanue ia?aaaaa i?ea?iaeueieo
eaaaaeeinueeeo oa 25%o + 75%ie iaae a?oiith oaa?ei aaiioeio 12.5%o +
87.5%ie — ia 277.7, 458.1 ea oa 255.8, 465.0 ea a?aeiia?aeii (?>0.95).
I?aeaeuaiiy iaaeith c ia?oi? aei o?aouei? eaeoaoe?? neeaei ii a?oiao:
i?ea?iaeuei? eaaaaeeinuee? — 19.8 %, 6.25%o + 93.75%ie — 11.3 %, 12.5%o
+ 87.5%ie — 13.3 % oa 25%o + 75%o — 21.3 %.

Aiae?c iiei/ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? ei??a ??cieo aaiioei?a a?ae aoaa?a
aaiioeio 25%o + 75%ie na?ae/ea, ui ca iaaeiyie ca ia?oo eaeoaoe?th
ei?iae aaiioeio 12.5%o + 87.5%ie ia?aaeuoaaee oaa?ei aaiioeio 37.5%o +
62.5%ie — ia 289.7 ea, ca ai?noii aee?o a iieioe? — ia 0.09 %, ca
e?euee?noth iiei/iiai aee?o — ia 13.3 ea (P>0.95).

Ca iaaeiyie oa e?euee?noth iiei/iiai aee?o iai?ae?iai? ei?iae “a nia?”
iinooiaeeny oaa?eiai aaiioeio 25%o + 75%ie ii o?ueio eaeoaoe?yo ia
852.0, 335.6, 235.0 ea oa 30.6, 6.9, 5.6 ea a?aeiia?aeii. Aea ca ai?noii
aee?o a iieioe? iaee ia?aaaao ia 0.02, 0.08 oa0.09 % i?e iaa??ia?aei?e
??cieoe?. I?e ?icaaaeaii? “a nia?” cia/ia i?aeaeuaiiy iaaeith aei
o?aouei? eaeoaoe?? — 24.2 % i?ioe 2.5 % a ?io?e a?oi?.

A?ae aoaa?a oa?oeueei? ii?iaee aoee io?eiai? ei?iae a?ae /enoiii?iaeieo
aei iai?ae?iaieo. Ei?iae oa?oeueei? ii?iaee iaee a??ia?aeia ia?aaeuaiiy
iaae ?ioeie ca an?ia iieacieeaie (?>0.999). Ia?aaaaa ca iaaeiyie a 1-3
eaeoaoe?? neeaea 691.1-1766.0 ea, ca ai?noii aee?o a iieioe? — ia
0.08-0.25

% oa ca e?euee?noth iiei/iiai aee?o — ia 30.4-76.8 ea
a?aeiia?aeii. Na?aae iii?nieo oaa?ei aeae?eyeanue a?oia 93.75%o +
6.25%ie, ye? ca 1 oa 2 eaeoaoe?? iaee ia?aaaao iaae ?ioeie ca iaaeiyie —
ia 158.3-675.3 ea, ca ai?noii aee?o a iieioe? — ia 0.04-0.10 % oa ca
e?euee?noth iiei/iiai aee?o — ia 9.8-26.4 ea a?aeiia?aeii i?e
iaa??ia?aei?e ??cieoe?. O

ei??a oa?oeueei? ii?iaee oa 93.75%o + 6.25%ie niinoa??aaeiny cieaeaiiy
iaaeith oa aee?iino? iieiea aei 3 eaeoaoe?? ia 1.3 oa 10.4 %. A ?ioeo
aea a?oiao i?ine?aeaeoaaeiny iinooiiaa i?aeaeuaiiy iaaeith ia 14.7-20.7
%.

Iaie a?aecia/aii aieea aaiioeio oa?oeueeeo aoaa?a-ie?aeiee?a
(i?ai?/iiaia?eeainueei? naeaeoe?? BS) ia iiei/io i?iaeoeoeai?noue
iauaaee?a. Ca iaaeiyie a ia?oo eaeoaoe?th ia?aaaaeaee ei?iae, aaoueee
yeeo iaee a?eueo 75 % BS ia 52.0-409.9 ea, aea a??ia?aeia ??cieoey
niin-oa??aaeany eeoa i?ae a?oiith aei 50 % BS, aea ca ai?noii aee?o a
iieioe? oe? oaa?eie iinooiaeeny ?ioei ia 0.06-0.14 % i?e iaa??ia?aei?e
??cieoe?.

Na?aae aei/ie aoaa?a ??cii? naeaeoe?eii? iaeaaeiino? e?au? iieacieee
iaee o? ei?iae-ia?a?noee, aaoueee yeeo iioiaeeee c Aano??? oa Aia?eee.
Aiie iaee ia?aaaao ca iaaeiyie ia 329.6, 371.3 ea (?>0.95) iaae
oaa?eiaie a?ae aano??enueei? ?ai?iaeoeoe?? oa ca ai?noii aee?o a iieioe?
ia 0.06, 0.10 % (?>0.95). Ca 2 oa 3 eaeoaoe?? iiae?aia oaiaeaioe?y
caa??aaeany, aea a??ia?aeiino? aaea ia aoei aeyaeaii.

O ?ai?iaeoeoi?ao oa?oeueei? ii?iaee aea?aeieaicaaiae?a “Ieoaee?aea” oa
“Aacae?ee” ?icaiaeyoue ooaeiao c Aano??? oa I?ia//eie. I?ae oaa?eiaie
??cii? naeaeoe?eii? iaeaaeiino? oa ainiiaea?noaa iaeeny ?ica?aeiino?.
Oae ii ia?o?e eaeoaoe?? iaea?eueo i?iaeoeoeaieie aeyaeeeny oaa?eie AeIC
“Ieoaee?aea”, ye? aoee caaacai? c Aano???. Aiie ia?aaeuoaaee ei??a,
caaacaieo c I?ia//eie ia 310.0 ea (?>0.95) AeIC “Aacae?ee” oa ia 251.6
ea oeo, ye? aoee caaacai? aei ieo o ainiiaea?noai. Aea ca ai?noii aee?o
a iieioe? cia/ia ia?aaaaa niinoa??aaeany o ei??a AeIC “Aacae?ee”
(?>0.999). O ca’ceo c oeei aiie ? iaee iaea?eueoee aeo?ae iiei/iiai
aee?o. Aei o?aouei? eaeoaoe?? a??ia?aeii? ia?aaaae ca iaaeiyie aaea ia
i?ine?aeaeoaaeiny, aea ca ai?noii aee?o a iieioe? aiia caa??aaeany
(0.39-0.46 % ?>0.999).

Naeaeoe?eii-aaiaoe/i? ia?aiao?e. Aea/aiiy iiaoi?thaaiino? aeeai? iane
aoaa?a-ie?aeiee?a aea? ciiao c?iaeoe iii?aaee ia aieea a?eo, aiae?ae? oa
?ioa. A?ae ia?iaeaeaiiy aei 5 ?ie?a a?i noaiiaea a i?ea?iaeuei?e
eaaaaeeinuee?e ii?iae? 0.110, o oa?oeuee?e 0.461, i?ae 6 oa 10 i?ny/iei
a?eii 0.393 oa 0.686, 10-12 i?nyoe?a — 0.735 oa 0.813, 12-18 i?nyoe?a —
0.461 oa 0.210, 18 i?nyoe?a-2?iee — 0.553 oa 0.493, 2-3 ?iee — 0.526 oa
0.552, 3-4 ?iee 0.674 oa 0.467, 4-5 ?ie?a — 0.760 oa 0.509.

Oaiioeii? ei?aeyoe?? i?ae e?i?eieie i?ii??aie o?ea o ie?aeiee?a ??cieo
aaiioei?a aoee ia iaeiaeia?. I?ae aenioith a oieoe? ? aeeaeiith a?oaeae
o oaa?ei an?o a?oi aoa iiceoeaiee a?ae 0.157 aei 0.561 (?>0.95 — 0.99),
aea a aoaa?a oa?oeueei? ii?iaee iaa??ia?aeiee. I?ae aenioith a oieoe? oa
iaoaaoii a?oaeae a i?ea?iaeuei?e eaaaaeeinuee?e — 0.155 (?>0.95), 25%o +
75%ie — 0.264 (?>0.95), o oa?oeuee?e ii?iae? — 0.225 (?>0.95). I?ae
aoaayie oa?oeueei? ii?iaee ??cieo aaiioei?a ca BS a?aecia/aeeny
iiceoeai? ? a??ia?aei? aca?iica’ycee o ie?aeiee?a aaiioeio aei 50 % BS.
O oaa?ei aaiioeio 50-62.5 % iiceoeaiee ca’ycie niinoa??aaany eeoa i?ae
aeeaeiith a?oaeae — iaoaaoii a?oaeae oa iaoaaoii a?oaeae — einith
aeiaaeeiith ooeoaa (?>0.999).

Ia oo /e ?ioo iciaeo oaa?ei aieeaathoue ia aaiaoe/i? oa aaiaoe/i?
oaeoi?e, ye? aciic? aeeeeeaoe eiai i?ieea?noue. Nooi?iue ?
ni?yiiaai?noue ??cieo oaeoi??a iaiaeiaeia?. Oae aeiey e?ia? oa?oeueei?
ii?iaee o iii?nieo aoaa?a ia nooo?ai aieeaaea ia ??no aeine?aeieo
oaa?ei. ?? aieea eieeaaany a?ae 1.4 aei 6.3 % o caaaeuei?e i?ieeaino?
iciae ? a on? a?eia? ia??iaee aoa iaa??ia?aeiee. Aei 2 ??/iiai a?eo
niinoa??aaeany oaiaeaioe?y ca?eueoaiiy aieeao naeaeoe?eii? iaeaaeiino?
oa aaiioeio ca oa?oeueeith ii?iaeith i?ai?/iiaia?eeainueei? naeaeoe??
(BS). Ii-ia?oiio — a?ae 11.9 (?>0.999) aei 37 % (?>0.999), ii-ae?oaiio
— a?ae 0.3 aei 21.3 % (?>0.999). Aea/aiiy aieeao oeeo aea oaeoi??a ia
iieacieee a?aeoai?ii? caeaoiino? aoaa?a iieacaei, ui aaiioei iii?nieo
oaa?ei ae?ya ia eiioeaio?aoe?th nia?i??a 7.9 % (P>0.95) oa ??
?ooeea?noue 7.4 % (?>0.95). Oaeoi? naeaeoe?eii? iaeaaeiino? a??ia?aeii
aieeaaa ia aeoeai?noue nia?i??a, caie?aeithaaeueio caeaoi?noue a?ae
ia?oiai in?iai?iiy, o?eaae?noue ieai?iiiai aeei?enoaiiy oa e?euee?noue
io?eiaii? nia?ie ca ??e aeei?enoaiiy — 10.7 (?>0.95), 28.3 (?>0.999),
19.2 (?>0.99) oa 16.3 % (P>0.99) a?aeiia?aeii. Aieea aaiioeio ca BS
a??ia?aeii niinoa-??aaany eeoa ca o?eaae?noth ieai?iiiai aeei?enoaiiy oa
ca e?euee?noth io?eiaii? nia?ie ca oeae ia??iae 15.3 (?>0.95) oa 18.8 %
(?>0.99) a?aeii-a?aeii. Ca iieacieeaie iiei/ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino?
niinoa??aaany a??ia?aeiee aieea eeoa naeaeoe?eii? iaeaaeiino? ca ai?noii
aee?o a iieioe? (?>0.95).

Aeaioaeoi?i? noaoenoe/i? eiiieaene aeicaieythoue aeyaeyoe ia o?eue-ee
aeieth ae?? eiaeiiai oaeoi?o, aea aeieth ?o ni?eueiiai aieeao (oaae. 4,
5).

Iiae?ai? ?acoeueoaoe io?eiai? ii ae?? oeeo oaeoi??a ia iiei/io
i?iaeoeoeai?noue. A??ia?aeiee caaaeueiee aieea oaeoi??a niinoa??aaany ca
iaaei?i (?>0.999) oa e?euee?noth iiei/iiai aee?o (?>0.999). Aea a cia/ii
a?eueo?e i??? a?i caeaaeaa a?ae ii?iaeii? iaeaaeiino?.

Aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Ca aeaieie
aii?ooaaiiy ca 1997 ??e oae?e 2650 aie?a oa?oe?ciaaieo ei??a ieai?iieo
caaiae?a oa oa?i neeaa 2735 ea iieiea aee?i?noth 3.78 %. I?e
aeei?enoaii? aoaa?a-ie?aeiee?a aan??enueei? oa i?iaoeueei? naeaeoe?? c
ai?noii a nia? e?ia? i?ai?/iiaia?eeainueei? naeaeoe?? 50-75 %, iaae?e ?o
aei/ie neeaa 3657 ea c ai?noii aee?o 3.88 %. I?e ia?a?aooaaii? ia
aacenio aee?i?noue oae?e a?aeiia?aeii aei??aith? 3043 oa 4173 ea.
Oaeoa/iee aeiiii?/iee aoaeo aecia/aiee o a?aeiia?aeiino? c “Iaoiaeeeith
aecia/aiiy aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy o n?euenueeiio
ainiiaea?noa? iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo oa aeine?aeii-eiino?oeoi?nueeeo ?ia?o,
iiai? oaoi?ee, aeiaoiae?a oa ?aoe?iiae?caoi?nueeeo i?iiiceoe?e (I.:
AANAI?E, 1980) ia iaeio oaa?eio i?e caeoi?aaeuei?e oe?i? iieiea 0.36
a?i. ca e?o? neeaaea 304.8 a?i.

Oaaeeoey 4

Aieea ii?iaee oa aa??aioo i?aeai?o ia aeeao iano aoaa?a-ie?aeiee?a ao?i?
ooaeiae a ??ci? a?eia? ia??iaee, %

A?eCaaaeueiee aieea oaeoi??aAieea
ii?iaeeAieea aa??aioo i?aeai?oAieea niieo/aiiy oaeoi??aI?e
ia?iaeaeaii?0.80.10.10.66 i?n15.210.40.34.512 i?n5.34.10.50.718
i?n2.71.60.20.92 ?iee2.82.100.73 ?iee8.27.10.60.54 ?iee10.89.701.15
?ie?a8.48.20.20 Oaaeeoey 5

Aieea ii?iaee oa aa??aioo i?aeai?o ia a?aeoai?io caeaoi?noue
aoaa?a-ie?aeiee?a ao?i? ooaeiae, %

IieacieeeCaaaeueiee aieea oaeoi??aAieea
ii?iaeeAieea aa??aioo i?aeai?oAieea niieo/aiiy oaeoi??aIa’?i
ayeoeyoo0.9000.9Eiioeaio?aoe?y
nia?i??a12.412.400?ooeea?noue11.610.80.10.7Caie?aeieeinue c ia?oiai
?aco2.51.600.9E?euee?noue nia?iiaeic ia iaeia
caie?aeiaiiy4.22.40.41.4O?eaae?noue aeei?enoaiiy1.30.90.10.3E?euee?noue
io?eiaii? nia?ie ca ??e aeei?enoaiiy1.30.90.30.1 -?>0.95, -?>0.99,
-P>0.999.

AENIIAEE

1. ?icaeoie ainiiaea?nueei-ei?enieo iciae aoaa?a-ie?aeiee?a ao?i?
ooaeiae aaiaoe/ii iaoiiaeaiee ? iaaiei /eiii aca?iica’ycaiee c ??
aaiaaeia?/iith oa naeaeoe?eiith iaeaaei?noth.

2. ??no oa ?icaeoie aoaa?a ao?eo ii??ae nooo?ai a?ae??ciy?oueny a
caeaaeiino? a?ae aaiioeio. Oa?oeuee? /enoiii?iaei? ie?aeieee cia/ii
ia?aaeuoaaee ye i?ea?iaeueieo eaaaaeeinueeeo, oae ? iii?nieo oaa?ei. C
i?aeaeuaiiyi aeie? e?ia? BS o oa?oeuee?e ii?iae? aei 75 % ciaioo?oueny
aeeaa iana aei?ineeo oaa?ei o 5 ?ie?a ia 64.8 ea.

3. ?icaeoie e?i?eieo i?ii???a o cia/i?e i??? iaoiiaeaiee iioiaeaeaiiyi
oaa?ei. *enoiii?iaei? oa?oeuee? ie?aeieee iathoue ia?aaaao ca an?ia
i?ii??aie o?ea iaae i?ea?iaeueieie eaaaaeeinueeeie oa iii?nieie aoaayie
ca aeeeth/aiiyi iaoaaoo i’ynoea. C i?aeaeuaiiyi e?ia? oa?oeueei? ii?iaee
niinoa??aa?oueny oaiaeaioe?y iaaeeaeaiiy iieaciee?a ?icaeoeo aei ??aiy
iie?iooth/i?. I?aeaeuaiiy e?ia? BS o oa?oeuee?e ii?iae? aaaea aei
c?ooaiue ?icaeoeo a?oaeii? ee?oee a?eueo o aeeaeio i?ae o oe?eio, ui
aeaco? ia i?iya iiei/iiai oeio. Oea ae i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue oaeiae ?
?iaeaene aoaeiae o?ea.

4. A?aeoai?ia caeaoi?noue i?aeaeine?aeieo aoaa?a-ie?aeiee?a ia?
a??ia?aei? a?aei?iino?, iia’ycai? c aaiioeiiith oa ii?iaeiith
iaeaaei?noth. I?aeaeuaiiy e?ia? iie?iooth/i? ii?iaee a ao??e ooaeia? oa
BS o oa?oeuee?e i?ecaiaea aei ciaioaiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? nia?i??a oa ??
?ooeeaino?.

5. Aeei?enoaiiy nii??aeiaiiai nia?thaaiiy ia? a?ae/ooiee aieea ia
?icaeoie e?i?eieo i?ii???a o?ea eeoa o aoaa?a oa?oeueei? ii?iaee.
?ia?aaei? oaa?eie oeueiai aaiioeio iinooiathoueny aooa?aaeiei ca an?ia
iieacieeaie, e??i aenioe a oieoe?, aea oea ia i?ecaiaeeoue aei ci?ie
aoaeiae o?ea.

6. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie ioe?iee ca ye?noth iauaaee?a aooa?aaei? ie?aeieee
an?o i?aeaeine?aeieo a?oi aeaui ia?aaeuothoue ?ia?aaeieo ca iaaei?i
aei/ie. Aea ca ai?noii aee?o a iieioe? ??cieoe? ia aeyaeaii.

7. Iiei/ia i?iaeoeoeai?noue ei??a, io?eiaieo a?ae aoaa?a oa?oeueei?
ii?iaee, cia/ii ia?aaeuoaaea iieacieee oaa?ei, ye? ? iauaaeeaie
i?ea?iaeueieo eaaaaeeinueeeo oa iii?nieo ca iaaei?i — ia 880.3 -928.9
ea, 590.3 — 935.4 ea oa 594.1 — 836.8 ea, ca ai?noii aee?o — ia 0.13 —
0.22 %, 0.08 — 0.20 % oa 0.04 — 0.16 %, ca e?euee?noth iiei/iiai aee?o —
ia 38.9 — 43.8 ea, 26.1 — 42.9 ea oa 24.8 — 36.3 ea a?aeiia?aeii a I, II
oa III eaeoaoe??. Niinoa??aa?oueny iacia/ia oaiaeaioe?y i?aeaeuaiiy
iieaciee?a iiei/ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? c? ca?eueoaiiyi /anoee e?ia?
oa?oeueei? ii?iaee a aaiioei? ei??a. Ia a?aecia/aii iiceoeaiiai aieeao
i?e aeei?enoaii? aoaa?a, io?eiaieo a?ae cai?ioiueiai no?auoaaiiy.

8. I?aeaeuaiiy e?ia? BS o aaiioei? oa?oeueeeo aoaa?a-ie?aeiee?a aei
75 % ? a?eueoa aaaea aei ciaioaiiy aee?o a iieioe? aei/ie ia 0.11 — 0.14
% o ii??aiyii? c aoaayie, ye? iaee 50 — 62.5 % BS, i?e caaaeuei?e
oaiaeaioe??? ca?eueoaiiy ??aiy iaaeith c ?inoii /anoee e?ia?
iie?iooth/i? ii?iaee.

9. Na?aae oaeoi??a, ye? a cia/i?e i??? aieeaaee ia iieacieee ?inoo
aoaa?a, ? naeaeoe?eia iaeaaei?noue oa a?aenioie BS aei 37.0 oa 21.3 %
a?aeiia?aeii a caeaaeiino? a?ae a?eo oaa?ei. Nooo?aa ae?y oeeo oaeoi??a
aieeaa? oaeiae ia o?eaae?noue ieai?iiiai aeei?enoaiiy oa e?euee?noue
io?eiaii? nia?ie — 19.2, 15.3 oa 16.3, 18.8 % a?aeiia?aeii. Ia ai?no
aee?o a iieioe? ei??a o a?eueo?e i??? aieeaaea naeaeoe?eia iaeaaei?noue
oa?oeueeeo aoaa?a — 25.0 %.

10. I?e ?ic?aooieao iiaea?eii? ae?? ii?iaee oa aa??aioo i?aeai?o ia
ainiiaea?nueei-ei?eni? iciaee a?aecia/aii a?eueoee aieea ia?oiai
oaeoi?o. Aieea nii??aeiaiiai nia?thaaiiy ? niieo/aiiy iaio oaeoi??a ia
nooo?a?.

I?IIICEOe?? AE?IAIEOeOAO

1. I?e iiaeaeueoiio oaeineiiaeaii? iiioeyoe?? ao?i? ooaeiae Oe?a?ie
ne?ae a?aoiaoaaoe naeaeoe?eio oa aaiioeiiao iaeaaei?noue
aoaa?a-ie?aeiee?a.

2. I?e oi?ioaaii? iiei/iiai oeio aoaeiae o?ea ao?i? ooaeiae Oe?a?ie
iaiao?aeii cae?enithaaoe aeia?? aoaa?a aeey io?eiaiiy o iauaaee?a
62.5-87.5 % oa?oeueei? ii?iaee.

3. Nooo?aa ca?eueoaiiy ianya?a ae?iaieoeoaa iieiea iiaeeeaa i?e
aeei?enoiaoaaii? a naeaeoe?ei?e ?iaio? aoaa?a-ie?aeiee?a aano??enueei?
oa i?iaoeueei? naeaeoe?e c /anoeith i?ai?/iiaia?eeainueei? naeaeoe?? BS
50-75 %.

NIENIE INIIAIEO IOAE?EAOe?E CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

1. Ao?eao A., Eioaiaeae? A., Iaeeaaioeia A., ?oaoeia ?. Aee?iaoecaoe?y
oa?oeueei? ooaeiae a Oe?a?i?// Oaa?eiieoeoai Oe?a?ie. — 1994. — ? 1. —
N. 9-10.

2. Eioaiaeae? A.I., Eaaeeea A.?., Iaeeaaioeia A.A., ?oaoeia ?.I.
Naeaeoe?ei? aniaeoe noai?aiiy iiei/iiai oeio ao?i? ooaeiae// A?niee
Noinueeiai n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ?inoeoooo: Iaoeiai-iaoiaee/iee
aeo?iae. — Noie, Aei 1. — 1997. — N. 183-186.

3. ?oaoeia ?.I., Naeiaoa A.I. Iiei/ia i?iaeoeoeai?noue ei??a, io?eiaieo
a?ae aoaa?a-ie?aeiee?a ??cieo aaiioei?a// A?niee Noinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo: Iaoeiai-iaoiaee/iee aeo?iae. — Noie, Aei. 2. —
1998. — N. 370-372.

4. ?oaoeia ?.I., Eioaiaeae? A.I. Aieea naeaeoe?eii? iaeaaeiino?
aoaa?a-ie?aeiee?a oa?oeueei? ii?iaee ia ?icaeoie o ieo
ainiiaea?nueei-ei?enieo iciae// A?niee Noinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo: Iaoeiai-iaoiaee/iee aeo?iae. — Noie, Aei. 2. — 1998. — N.
372-375.

AIIOAOe??

?oaoeia ?.I. I?ieea?noue oa aaiaoe/ia iaoiiaeai?noue
ainiiaea?nueei-ei?enieo iciae o aoaa?a-ie?aeiee?a ao?eo ii??ae.
-?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 06.02.01 —
?icaaaeaiiy oa naeaeoe?y oaa?ei. — ?inoeooo oaa?eiieoeoaa OAAI, Oa?e?a,
1999.

Aeeeaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue ?inoo, ?icaeoeo, a?aeoai?ii?
caeaoiino? oa ieai?iii? oe?iiino? aoaa?a-ie?aeiee?a ao?i? ooaeiae ??cieo
aaiioei?a ca iie?iooth/ith ii?iaeith, oa?oeueeith ii?iaeith
i?ai?/iiaia-?eeainueei? naeaeoe?? oa ??cii? naeaeoe?eii? iaeaaeiino? a
oiiaao Noinueei? iaeano? Oe?a?ie.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui c i?aeaeuaiiyi o ?iaeiaiae? ao?i? ooaeiae /anoee
oa?oeueei? ii?iaee i?ai?/iiaia?eeainueei? naeaeoe??, o iieiaeeo
aoaaeoe?a ca?eueooaaeanue aeeaa iana, aaniethoia oa a?aeiinia
oaeaee?noue ?inoo, ieai?iia oe?ii?noue i?e iaeii/aniiio iia??oaii?
aeayeeo iieaciee?a a?aeoai?ii? caeaoiino?. Nooo?ai? ??cieoe? ca oeeie
iieacieeaie i?ae ?ia?aaeiie oa aooa?aaeieie oaa?eiaie ??cieo ii?iae ia
aeyaeaii.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aaiioei, e?iai?noue ii?iaea, ??no, ?icaeoie, i?e?inoe,
oei, iiei/ia i?iaeoeoeai?noue, ?ia?eaeeia, aooa?eaeeia.

Rubtsov I.A. Nhangeability and genetic causing of economically useful
features of stud brown brud bulls. Manuscript. Dissertation for
searehing science degree of master of agricultural sciences on the
speciality 06. 02. 01 — nattle breeding and selection. Institute of
Animal Science UAAS. Kharkov, 1998.

There are giren the retsults of research of growth, development,
reproductive ability and pedigree values of brown breed bulls of
diggerent genetic types on plus breed, swiss breed of North-American
selections and different selectional impliment in the conditions of Sumy
region, Ukraine, are giren.

It was proved that with the enlarging of swiss breed of North-American
selection cattle portion the live weight, absolute and relative speed of
growth, pedigree value with simultenuons deterioration of some indexes
of reproduction abilities are increasing. Any significant differences on
these indexes between inbred and autbred cattle of different breeds
havent been jound out.

Key words: genetic type, blood line, breed, growth, development, added
growth, type, diary productivity, inbreeding, autbreeding.

?oaoeia E.A. Eciai/eainoue e aaiaoe/aneay iaoneiaeaiiinoue
oicyenoaaiii-iieaciuo i?eciaeia o aueia-i?iecaiaeeoaeae ao?uo ii?iae. —
?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa
naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 06. 02. 01 — ?acaaaeaiea e
naeaeoeey aeeaioiuo. — Einoeooo aeeaioiiaiaenoaa OAAI, Oa?ueeia, 1999.

?ino aueia-i?iecaiaeeoaeae ao?uo ii?iae ?acee/iuo aaiioeiia iieacae,
/oi ia/eiay n 6-oe iany/iiai aic?anoa i?aainoiaenoai eiaee
/enoiii?iaeiua oaeoeeea aeeaioiua ia 19-30.6 ea. N?aaee iiianiuo
auaeaeyeanue a?oiia aaiioeia 75%o + 25%ie, eioi?ay ca ia?eiaeu noa?oa 2
eao i?aainoiaeeea i?eaeiaeueiuo eaaaaeeineeo e ae?oaeo iiianiuo
aeeaioiuo. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi o i?iecaiaeeoaeae oaeoeeie ii?iaeu n
?acee/iie aeieae e?iae naaa?iaia?eeaineie naeaeoeee iieacaoaee ?inoa
auee ?acee/iu, a e 5 aiaeai i?ineaaeeaaaony oaiaeaioeey oiaiueoaiey
aeeaie iannu n oaaee/aieai e?iae BS. Iaaeaeo aeeaioiuie ?acee/iuo
naeaeoeee eo/oea ?acoeueoaou ?inoa eiaee auee-i?iecaiaeeoaee, caaacaiiua
ec Aano?ee e Aa?iaiee.

Eiaeaenu oaeineiaeaiey iieacaee, /oi n iiauoaieai e?iae oaeoeeie
ii?iaeu aei 75 % oiaiueoaaony eiaeaen naeoinoe e einoenoinoe, ii
oaaee/eaaaony a?oaeiie eiaeaen. Iiauoaiea e?iae naaa?iaia?eeaineie
naeaeoeee a oaeoeeie ii?iaea i?eaiaeeo e oiaiueoaieth oe?eiu a?oaeiie
eeaoee. AEeaioiua aano?eeneie ?ai?iaeoeoeee ?acaeaaeenue aieueoa a
noi?iio ianneaiinoe.

I?e eco/aiee ea/anoaa nia?iu i?iecaiaeeoaeae auei onoaiiaeaii, /oi n
oaaee/aieai e?iae oeo/oathuae ii?iaeu iaaethaeaeanue oaiaeaioeey
oiaiueoaiey eiioeaio?aoeee nia?ieaa n 1.09 aei 0.84 ie?ae/ie e aa
aeoeaiinoe, e?iia iieoe?iaiuo aeeaioiuo. N iiauoaieai e?iae
naaa?iaia?eeaineie naeaeoeee a oaeoeeie ii?iaea ioia/aeinue nieaeaiea
iieiaeioai?ythuae niiniaiinoe io ia?aiai inaiaiaiey ia 0.44-2.81%, ii
cia/eoaeueii aic?anoaei eieee/anoai nia?iu iieo/aiiie ca aiae. Ai anao
a?oiiao oaeoeeeo aueia-i?iecaiaeeoaeae ioia/aia ieceay eiioeaio?aoeey
nia?ieaa (0.80-0.86 ie?ae/ie) ii n?aaiaieth n i?eaeiaeueiie eaaaaeeineie
e iiianiuie aeeaioiuie.

I?e aiaeeca iiaieiauey aueia onoaiiaeaii, /oi cia/eoaeueiay eo /anoue
auea a oie eee eiie ia?a eia?aaeia. Ii i?eaeiaeueiie eaaaaeeineie
ii?iaea — 43 %, oaeoeeie — 33 %. Aiaeec ?inoa eia?aaeiuo i?iecaiaeeoaeae
iieacae, /oi ii i?eaeiaeueiie eaaaaeeineie ii?iaea iie eiaee
i?aainoiaenoai iaae aooa?aaeiuie ia 5.6-19.9 ea,a o oaeoeeie aooa?aaeiua
i?aainoiaeeee eia?aaeiuo ia 2.2-15.0 ea. Eeiaeiua i?iia?u oaea o
aeeaioiuo ?acee/iuo a?oii eiaee iaeioi?ua ?acee/ey, iaeiaei iie ia
i?eaaee e eciaiaieth oeia oaeineiaeaiey. Ii eiioeaio?aoeee nia?ieaa, aa
iiaeaeaeiinoe e iieiaeioai?ythuae niiniaiinoe a i?eaeiaeueiie
eaaaaeeineie ii?iaea i?aainoiaenoai iaaethaeaeinue o aooa?aaeiuo
aeeaioiuo. A oaeoeeie aea ii?iaea ii iauaio ayeoeyoa, eiioeaio?aoeee
nia?ieaa, aa aeoeaiinoe e iieiaeioai?ythuae niiniaiinoe i?aainoiaenoai
eiaee eia?aaeiua aeeaioiua niioaaonoaaiii ia — 0.04 ie, 0.02 ie?ae/ie,
0.11 aaeea, 0.5 %.

Iaeaieueoea iieacaoaee iiei/iie i?iaeoeoeaiinoe iaaethaeaeenue o ei?ia,
iieo/aiiuo io oaeoeeeo i?iecaiaeeoaeae, a n?aaiaiee n i?eaeiaeueiuie
eaaaaeeineeie e iiianiuie aueaie ia 590.3 — 982-9 ea iieiea, 0.04-0.20 %
niaea?aeaiea aee?a e ia 24.8 — 43.8 ea iiei/iiai aee?a. Iaie ioia/aii
aeeyiea aaiioeia oaeoeeeo aueia-i?iecaiaeeoaeae (naaa?iaia?eeaineie
naeaeoeee BS) ia iiei/ioth i?iaeoeoeaiinoue iioiieia. Ii oaeith a
ia?aoth eaeoaoeeth i?aainoiaenoai eiaee ei?iau, iooeu eioi?uo eiaee
aieaa 75 % BS. Ii ii niaea?aeaieth aee?a a iieiea iie onooiaee ae?oaei
ia 0.06-0.14 %. N?aaee aei/a?ae aueia ?acee/iie naeaeoeeiiiie
i?eiaaeeaaeiinoe eo/oea iieacaoaee eiaee oa ei?iau-ia?aioaeee, iooeu
eioi?uo i?ienoiaeeee ec Aano?ee e Aia?eee. Iie i?aainoiaeeee aeeaioiuo
ae?oaeo a?oii ii oaeith — ia 329.6, 371.3 ea, ii niaea?aeaieth aee?a a
iieiea — ia 0.06, 0.10 % niioaaonoaaiii iaae ei?iaaie, iieo/aiiuo io
aueia aano?eeneie ?ai?iaeoeoeee.

Aeiey aeeyiey e?iae oaeoeeie ii?iaeu ia ?ino enneaaeoaiuo aeeaioiuo o
iiianiuo aueia ia cia/eoaeueia. Iii eieaaaeinue io 1.4 aei 6.3 % a
iauae eciai/eainoe. Aei aeaooeaoiaai aic?anoa i?ineaaeeaaeanue
oaiaeaioeey oaaee/aiey aeeyiey naeaeoeeiiiie i?eiaaeeaaeiinoe e aaiioeia
ii oaeoeeie ii?iaea naaa?iaia?eeaineie naeaeoeee. Onoaiiaeaii aeeyiea
yoeo oaeoi?ia ia iieacaoaee aini?iecaiaeeoaeueiie niiniaiinoe. I?e
?an/aoao aeaieiiai aeeyiey oaeoi?ia — ii?iaeu e aa?eaioa iiaeai?a ia
?ino e ?acaeoea, aini?iecaiaeeoaeueiua ooieoeee e iiei/ioth
i?iaeoeoeaiinoue iioiinoaa ioia/aii cia/eoaeueii aieueoaa aeeyiea
oaeoi?a ii?iaeu, /ai aa?eaioa iiaeai?a.

I?e eniieueciaaiee a ieaiaiiuo caaiaeao Noineie iaeanoe
aueia-i?iecaiaeeoaeae oaeoeeie ii?iaeu aano?eeneie e iaiaoeeie
naeaeoeee, eioi?ua niaea?aeao a naaa 50-75 % e?iae aia?eeaineeo oaeoeaa,
aeiiiie/aneee aooaeo ia iaeii aeeaioiia ninoaaee 304.8 a?i.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aaiioei, e?iaiinoue, ii?iaea, ?ino, ?acaeoea,
i?e?inou, oei, iiei/iay i?iaeoeoeaiinoue, eia?eaeeia, aooa?eaeeia.

A?aeiia?aeaeueiee ca aeione

Oaaoia A.?.

Iae.ae?oea?iy, Noie, 1999 ?. Cai. 47, o. 100

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