1

OA?EIANUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE OIIAA?NEOAO

E?AA*AIEI Na?aie Ieoaeeiae/

OAeE 539.17

IIE?INEIII*IEE IIOE*IEE IIOAIOeIAE

ACA?IIAeI? IOEEIIIA C IAIA?IEIE ssAe?AIE

A OAI??? NEI?IA-OA?O?I-OIEA

01.04.16 — oiceea yae?a, aeaiaioa?ieo /anoeiie i aenieeo aia?aie

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oiceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe

OA?EIA-1999

13

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oa?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao?

I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:

aeieoi? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe,

noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

NICI?E Ieaenaiae? Iao?iae/,

A?enueeiaee ?inoeooo Iaoe?iiaeueii? Aaa?ae?? Oe?a?ie,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e caaaeueiiiaoeiaeo aeenoeeie?i.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe,

noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

IAOEA?IA TH??e A?eai?iae/,

Oe?a?inueea Aeaaeai?y aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy

i?e I?aceaeaioia? Oe?a?ie (Oa?e?anueeee o?e?ae), i?ioani? eaoaae?e
?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e;

eaiaeeaeao o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe

OEssOIA Ieeiea Aiae??eiae/,

IIOe “Oa?e?anueeee o?ceei-oaoi?/iee ?inoeooo”,

noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:

Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao ?i.Oa?ana Oaa/aiea,

eaoaae?a eaaioiai? oai??? iiey, i.Ee?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny «22» aeiaoiy 1999 ?. i 17 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 64.051.12 Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo

ca aae?anith: 310108, i. Oa?e?a, i?. Eo?/aoiaa, 31, aoae. 301.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o Oeaio?aeuei?e iaoeia?e
a?ae?ioaoe?

Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo

ca aae?anith: 310077, i. Oa?e?a, ie. Naiaiaee,4.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii «20» aa?aniy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
Ienueiaiaoeueeee N.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeueiinoue oaie. Aenia?eiaioaeueii aeineiaeaeaiiy i?oaeiiai
?icniyiiy ioeeiiia iaia?ieie yae?aie, ui aoee caeieniaii inoaiiii /anii,
aeyaeee inoioio caeaaeiinoue ioeeii-yaea?ii? aca?iiaei? aiae niiio
yae?a-iioaii. C oai?aoe/iiai iiaeyaeo oea icia/a?, cie?aia,
iaiaoiaeiinoue o?aooaaiiy a iioe/iiio iioaioeiaei aca?iiaei? ioeeiiia c
iaia?ieie yae?aie aeiaeaoeiaeo neeaaeiaeo, yei coiiaeththoueny niiiii
yae?a.

Iacaaaeath/e ia /eneaiii oai?aoe/ii aeineiaeaeaiiy, ieoaiiy i?i
oa?aeoa? i aaee/eio cacia/aieo neeaaeiaeo iioe/iiai iioaioeiaeo, cie?aia
i?i iioaineaiinoi niii-niiiiai? i oaici?ii? ioeeii-yaea?ieo aca?iiaeie,
ieii inoaoi/ii ia ae?ioaia i oiio aiii ? aeooaeueiith i?iaeaiith oai?i?
?icniyiiy ioeeiiia iaia?ieie yae?aie. Iiaee?aneeii, ui iiaoaeiaa
iie?ineiii/ii? oai?i? iioe/iiai iioaioeiaeo ioeeii-yaea?iiai ?icniyiiy
acaaaei ? aeooaeueiith caaea/ith oai?i? yaea?ieo ?aaeoeie. I?e oeueiio,
ineieueee niii ? inoioii iie?ineiii/iith oa?aeoa?enoeeith iaia?iiai
yae?a, iiaoaeiaa iie?ineiii/ii? oai?i? ioeeii-yaea?iiai iioe/iiai
iioaioeiaeo iaaoaa? iniaeeaiai cia/aiiy naia aeey oaeeo yaea?.

?ic?iaea iie?ineiii/ii? oai?i?, yea iieno? o ?aeeiiio iiaeoiaei ye
aeanoeainoi yaea?ii? no?oeoo?e, oae i ?icniyiiy ioeeiiia iaia?ieie
yae?aie, ia? ni?eyoe ?icaeoeo oyaeaiue, ii-ia?oa, i?i oa?aeoa?
aca?iiaei? iiae ioeeiiaie a iaia?ieo yae?ao i, ii-ae?oaa, i?i
iiey?ecaoeieii yaeua a i?oaeiiio ioeeii-yaea?iiio ?icniyiii. Oei
i?iaeaie ? aeooaeueieie e ieii iioaineaii aeineiaeaeothoueny ye
oai?aoe/ii, oae i aenia?eiaioaeueii.

Oai?iy Oa?o?i-Oiea c aoaeoeaiith ioeeii-ioeeiiiith aca?iiaei?th Nei?ia
? oe?iei canoiniaoaaiei iie?ineiii/iei iaoiaeii aeineiaeaeaiiy ye
aioo?ioiuei? no?oeoo?e ia?ii-ia?ieo i iaia?ieo yaea?, oae i ?icniyiiy
ioeeiiia ia?ii-ia?ieie yae?aie. I?ioa caeeoa?oueny ia aea/aiith
iiaeeeainoue canoinoaaiiy oai?i? Nei?ia-Oa?o?i-Oiea aei i?iaeaie
?icniyiiy ioeeiiia iaia?ieie yae?aie, oiaoi aei i?iaeaie ia/eneaiiy
neeaaeiaeo iioe/iiai ioeeii-yaea?iiai iioaioeiaeo, ui caeaaeaoue aiae
niiio yae?a.

Aiaeoae aeineiaeaeaiiy ia iniiai oai?i? Nei?ia-Oa?o?i-Oiea
iie?ineiii/iiai iioe/iiai iioaioeiaeo aca?iiaei? ioeeiiia c iaia?ieie
yae?aie ni?eythoue ?icaeoeo oyaeaiue i?i oa?aeoa? ioeeii-ioeeiiii?
aca?iiaei? a iaia?ieo yae?ao, i?i no?oeoo?o neeaaeiaeo ioeeii-yaea?ii?
aca?iiaei?, yei caeaaeaoue aiae niiio yae?a, i i?i iiey?ecaoeieii yaeua,
ui niinoa?iaathoueny a ?icniyiii ioeeiiia iaia?ieie yae?aie. Oaeei
/eiii, oaia aeena?oaoei? i?enay/aia aeooaeueiei i?iaeaiai no/anii?
oai?aoe/ii? yaea?ii? oiceee.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. ?iaioa ?
/anoeiith aeineiaeaeaiue, ui i?iaiaeeeeny ca i?iaeoii ?2.4/416 «Oai?iy
aca?iiaei? eaaeeo yaea? c yae?aie» Aea?aeaaiiai Oiiaeo ooiaeaiaioaeueieo
aeineiaeaeaiue Oe?a?ie i ca oaiith «Oai?iy aaaaoi/anoeieiaeo nenoai»
(iiia? aea?ae?a?no?aoei? 0197U002489), yea aeeiioaaeanue ca
eii?aeeiaoeieiei ieaiii Iiiinoa?noaa inaioe Oe?a?ie «Eiiieaenii
aeineiaeaeaiiy yaea?ieo i?ioeania oa noai?aiiy ia ?o iniiai
yaea?ii-oice/ieo iaoiaeia aeey canoinoaaiiy a aia?aaoeoei i
?aaeiaoeieiie aaciaoei yaea?ieo aia?aaoe/ieo onoaiiaie i oaoiieiaie,
?aaeiaoeieiie iiaeeoieaoei? iaoa?iaeia oa aeieiai?».

Iaoa i caaea/i aeineiaeaeaiiy. Iaoith ?iaioe ? iiaoaeiaa ia iniiai
oai?i? Nei?ia-Oa?o?i-Oiea iie?ineiii/iiai iioe/iiai iioaioeiaeo
aca?iiaei? ioeeiiia c iaia?ieie yae?aie.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iaoe a ?iaioi aoee ?ica’ycaii oaei caaea/i:

o iaaeeaeaiii Oa?o?i-Oiea ia iniiai ocaaaeueiaii? aeai/anoeieiai?
aoaeoeaii? ioeeii-ioeeiiii? aca?iiaei? Nei?ia c o?aooaaiiyi oaici?ii?
/anoeie oei?? aca?iiaei? ciaeoe eieaeueiee ae?ac aeey iioe/iiai
iioaioeiaeo aca?iiaei? ioeeiiia c iaia?ieie yae?aie;

aeinoaoe aiaeioe/ii ae?ace aeey oeaio?aeueii? /anoeie iioe/iiai
ioeeii-yaea?iiai iioaioeiaeo, aeey niii-i?aioaeueieo /anoei, iia’ycaieo
ci niiiaie iaeioath/iai ioeeiia i yae?a, a oaeiae aeey oeaio?aeueii?
niii-niiiiai? i oaici?ii? ioeeii-yaea?ieo aca?iiaeie;

aeineiaeeoe ?aaeiaeueii oa aia?aaoe/ii caeaaeiinoi ciaeaeaieo /anoei
iioe/iiai iioaioeiaeo, a oaeiae aiaeiiaiaeii ia’?iii iioaa?aee i
na?aaeiueieaaae?aoe/ii ?aaeione aeey ?icieo ia?aiao?ecaoeie aoaeoeaii?
aca?iiaei? Nei?ia;

ia iniiai ciaeaeaiiai iioe/iiai iioaioeiaeo ia/eneeoe
aeeoa?aioeiaeueiee ia?a?ic i iiey?ecaoeieii oa?aeoa?enoeee i?oaeiiai
?icniyiiy iaeo?iiia i i?ioiiia yae?aie 13C, a oaeiae i?iaiaeicoaaoe
caeaaeiinoue eooiaeo ?iciiaeieia oeeo aaee/ei aiae aia?ai? ?icniyiiy i
aiae ia?aiao?ecaoei? oaici?ii? /anoeie aoaeoeaii? ioeeii-ioeeiiii?
aca?iiaei? Nei?ia;

caeienieoe aiaeic aieeao ?icieo /anoei iioe/iiai iioaioeiaeo ia eooiai
?iciiaeiee iiey?ecaoeieieo oa?aeoa?enoee i aeyaeoe iaeaieueo /ooeeai aei
niii-niiiiai? i oaici?ii? ioeeii-yaea?ieo aca?iiaeie iiey?ecaoeieii
oa?aeoa?enoeee i?oaeiiai ioeeii-yaea?iiai ?icniyiiy.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia caeiaooeo ?acoeueoaoia. Aia?oa oai?ith
Nei?ia-Oa?o?i-Oiea canoiniaaii aei i?iaeaie ?icniyiiy ioeeiiia iaia?ieie
yae?aie, a naia aei i?iaeaie iie?ineiii/iiai ia/eneaiiy neeaaeiaeo
iioe/iiai ioeeii-yaea?iiai iioaioeiaeo, ui caeaaeaoue aiae niiio yae?a.

O aeiaaeeo iaia?iiai yae?a aia?oa ciaeaeaii iaeii/anoeieiaee
oa?o?i-oieianueeee aaiieueoiiiai aeey ocaaaeueiaii? aeai/anoeieiai?
aoaeoeaii? ioeeii-ioeeiiii? aca?iiaei? Nei?ia c o?aooaaiiyi ?? oaici?ii?
/anoeie. Aeiaaaeaii, ui caaaeaiiy iaeii/anoeieiaiai aaiieueoiiiaia aei
eieaeueiiai aeaeyaeo aeyaey?oueny iiaeeeaei ca oiiae iiaeeoieaoei?
ae?aco aeey aoaeoeaii? iane ioeeiia, ui oa?aeoa?eco? ia?ii-ia?ia yae?i.
Ciaeaeaii, ui o aeiaaeeo iaia?iiai yae?a aoaeoeaia iana ioeeiia ?
iia?aoi?ii, yeee aei? ia niiiiai ciiiii oaeeueiaeo ooieoeie iaeioath/iai
ioeeiia i yae?a-iioaii oa ia? aeaa aeanii cia/aiiy, ui aiaeiiaiaeathoue
ia?aeaeueiie i aioeia?aeaeueiie i?i?ioaoeiyi niiio ioeeiia noiniaii
niiio yae?a.

Aia?oa ciaeaeaii a ie?aiiio aeiaaeeo yae?a 13C aiaeioe/iee ae?ac aeey
aeienii? /anoeie iioe/iiai ioeeii-yaea?iiai iioaioeiaeo, ui iaae?a?
aeaeyaeo iioaioeiaeo aca?iiaei? iiae aeaiia /anoeieaie ci niiiii 1/2 i
iinoeoue oeaio?aeueio, aeai niii-i?aioaeueii, oeaio?aeueio niii-niiiiao
i oaici?io aca?iiaei?. I?e oeueiio aeiaaaeaii, ui oeaio?aeueia,
oeaio?aeueia niii-niiiiaa i oaici?ia aca?iiaei? caeaaeaoue aiae aia?ai?
iaeioath/eo ioeeiiia, a niii-i?aioaeueii aca?iiaei? aiae ia? ia
caeaaeaoue.

Ciaeaeaii, ui oaici?ia /anoeia aoaeoeaii? aca?iiaei? Nei?ia aea? aianie
aei onio neeaaeiaeo iioe/iiai iioaioeiaeo. I?e oeueiio oeaio?aeueia
niii-niiiiaa i oaici?ia ioeeii-yaea?ii aca?iiaei? coiiaeththoueny ia
oieueee oaici?iith, a e aniia /anoeiaie aoaeoeaii? ioeeii-ioeeiiii?
aca?iiaei?.

Caeiaooi ?aaeiaeueii ?iciiaeiee oeaio?aeueii?, niii-i?aioaeueieo,
niii-niiiiai? i oaici?ii? /anoei iioe/iiai iioaioeiaeo i aea/aii ?oii
caeaaeiinoi aiae aia?ai? ?icniyiiy i aiae ia?aiao?ecaoei? aoaeoeaii?
aca?iiaei? Nei?ia. Aeiaaaeaii, ui oa?aeoa? aia?aaoe/ieo caeaaeiinoae
oeaio?aeueii? niii-niiiiai? i oaici?ii? ioeeii-yaea?ieo aca?iiaeie
inoioii aiae?iciy?oueny aiae oa?aeoa?o aia?aaoe/ii? caeaaeiinoi
oeaio?aeueii? /anoeie iioe/iiai iioaioeiaeo.

Ia iniia? aeaio oei?a ia?aiao?ecaoe?? oaici?ieo nee Ne??ia,
oaiiiaiieia?/iiai ? i?e?ineii?/iiai, ?icaeyiooi aieea oeeo nee ia
?aae?aeuei? ?iciiae?ee on?o /anoei iioe/iiai iioaioe?aeo ? aeiaaaeaii,
ui oaeee aieea ?noioii caeaaeeoue a?ae oiai, yeee i?aeo?ae
canoiniao?oueny.

Ciaeaeaii, ui niii-niiiiaa i oaici?ia ioeeii-yaea?ii aca?iiaei? iathoue
aooe i?ioeeaaeieie ca nai?ie ciaeaie, a ca iioaineaiinoth oaici?ia
aca?iiaeiy ia?aaeuo? niii-niiiiao.

Aeiaaaeaii, ui iaaioue aac o?aooaaiiy eoeiiianueei? aca?iiaei? iioe/iee
iioaioeiae ?icniyiiy yae?aie iaeo?iiia inoioii aiae?iciy?oueny aiae
oaeiai, ui oa?aeoa?eco? ?icniyiiy i?ioiiia, i?e/iio iaeaieueoa
aiae?iciythoueny ?aaeiaeueii oa aia?aaoe/ii caeaaeiinoi niii-niiiiai? i
oaici?ii? ioeeii-yaea?ieo aca?iiaeie.

C aiaeico eooiaeo ?iciiaeieia iiey?ecaoeieieo oa?aeoa?enoee i?oaeiiai
?icniyiiy ioeeiiia yae?aie 13C ciaeaeaii iaeaieueo /ooeeai aei
niii-niiiiai? i oaici?ii? ioeeii-yaea?ieo aca?iiaeie aaee/eie, na?aae
yeeo e?ii aeaiiey?ecaoei? ?icniyieo ioeeiiia ? e iaaii ei?aeyoeieii
eiaoioei?ioe.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy caeiaooeo ?acoeueoaoia. Ia iniiai iie?ineiii/ii?
oai?i? Nei?ia-Oa?o?i-Oiea ciaeaeaii aiaeioe/iee ae?ac aeey aeienii?
/anoeie iioe/iiai iioaioeiaeo aca?iiaei? ioeeiiia c yae?aie 13C, yeee
iinoeoue, cie?aia, niii-i?aioaeueio aca?iiaeith, iia’ycaio ci niiiii
yae?a, a oaeiae niii-niiiiao i oaici?io ioeeii-yaea?ii aca?iiaei?.
I?iaiaeiciaaii aeanoeainoi neeaaeiaeo iioe/iiai iioaioeiaeo, ui
caeaaeaoue aiae niiio yae?a, i aeiaaaeaii aaaeeeaee oaeo, ui
niii-niiiiaa i oaici?ia ioeeii-yaea?ii aca?iiaei? ? i?ioeeaaeieie ca
ciaeii. Iaa?oioiaaii iaiaoiaeiinoue iaeii/aniiai o?aooaaiiy a
aeineiaeaeaiiyo ?icniyiiy ioeeiiia iaia?ieie yae?aie ye niii-niiiiai?,
oae i oaici?ii? ioeeii-yaea?ieo aca?iiaeie.

Ciaeaeaia a ?iaioi iiaaaeiiea eooiaiai ?iciiaeieo aeaiiey?ecaoei?
i?ioiiia, i?oaeii ?icniyieo yae?aie 13C, yeinii aiaeoai?th? inioth/i
aenia?eiaioaeueii aeaii. Aeiaaaeaii aeiiiioaaiiy oaici?ii?
ioeeii-yaea?ii? aca?iiaei? iaae niii-niiiiaith uiaei aieeao ia
aeaiiey?ecaoeith i?oaeii ?icniyieo yae?aie 13C ioeeiiia. Ciaeaeaii iioi
iiey?ecaoeieii oa?aeoa?enoeee i?oaeiiai ioeeii-yaea?iiai ?icniyiiy, yei
? /ooeeaeie aei niii-niiiiai? i oaici?ii? ioeeii-yaea?ieo aca?iiaeie i
aei oeueiai /ano ia aeineiaeaeoaaeeny aenia?eiaioaeueii.

A oeieiio ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoei? ? ?icaeoeii iie?ineiii/iiai
iiaeoiaeo a oai?i? ?icniyiiy ioeeiiia iaia?ieie yae?aie. Aiie ni?eythoue
ieaioaaiith aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeineiaeaeaiue iiey?ecaoeieieo yaeu a
ioeeii-yaea?iiio ?icniyiii c iaoith aecia/aiiy no?oeoo?e neeaaeiaeo
ioeeii-yaea?ii? aca?iiaei?, ui caeaaeaoue aiae niiio yae?a.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Oni aiaeioe/ii oa eiii’thoa?ii ?ic?aooiee,
ui neeaaeathoue iniiao aeena?oaoei?, aoee aeeiiaii aaoi?ii. Caeiaoaa/
oaeiae a?aa o/anoue a iinoaiiaoei caaea/, a iaienaiii oaenoia noaoae i a
i?ioeani ai?iaaoei? ?acoeueoaoia.

Ai?iaaoeiy ?acoeueoaoia aeena?oaoei?. Iaoa?iaee aeena?oaoei?
aeiiiaiaeaeenue ia XLVI Iiaeia?iaeiie ia?aaei c yaea?ii? niaeo?ineiii? i
no?oeoo?e aoiiiiai yae?a (Iineaa, 1996?.), a oaeiae ia iaoeiaeo
naiiia?ao o Oa?eianueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oiiaa?neoaoi oa a IIOe OOOI.

Ioaeieaoei?. Iniiaii ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoei? iioaeieiaaii a ?iaioao
[1-4].

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoei?. Aeena?oaoeieia ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny ic anooio,
/ioe?ueio ?icaeieia iniiaiiai oaenoo c 17 ?enoieaie i 6 oaaeeoeyie ia 22
ie?aieo noi?iieao, aeniiaeia i nieneo aeei?enoaii? eioa?aoo?e ?c 142
iaeiaioaaiue ia 14 noi?iieao. Caaaeueiee ianya ?iaioe — 148 noi?iiie.

INIIAIEE CI?NO

O anooii iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeueiinoue oaie aeena?oaoei?,
oi?ioeth?oueny iaoa i caaea/i aeineiaeaeaiiy, ?icaeyaea?oueny iaoeiaa
iiaecia i i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy caeiaooeo ?acoeueoaoia, iiaeathoueny
aiaeiiinoi i?i ai?iaaoeith ?iaioe i i?i no?oeoo?o aeena?oaoei?, noenei
aeeeaaeaii ciino aeena?oaoeieii? ?iaioe.

O ia?oiio ?icaeiei c?iaeaii iaeyae iniiaieo iie?ineiii/ieo iaoiaeia
aeineiaeaeaiiy ioeeii-yaea?iiai ?icniyiiy, i?iaiaeiciaaii iniiaii
aenia?eiaioaeueii iaoiaee i ?acoeueoaoe aeineiaeaeaiiy niiiiaeo aoaeoia
o ?icniyiii ioeeiiia iaia?ieie yae?aie, aeaoaeueii iaa?oioiaaii
aeooaeueiinoue iiaeaeueoi? ?ic?iaee iie?ineiii/ii? oai?i? iioe/iiai
iioaioeiaeo aca?iiaei? ioeeiiia c iaia?ieie yae?aie. ?icaeyiooi iniiaii
canoinoaaiiy oai?i? Oa?o?i-Oiea c aoaeoeaiith ioeeii-ioeeiiiith
aca?iiaei?th Nei?ia i iaa?oioiaaii aeioeieueiinoue aeei?enoaiiy oei??
oai?i? a aeineiaeaeaiiyo ?icniyiiy ioeeiiia iaia?ieie yae?aie.

O iiae?icaeiei 1.1 ?icaeyiooi aeaa ia?aeyoeainonueei iiaeoiaee aei
i?iaeaie iiaoaeiae iioe/iiai iioaioeiaeo aca?iiaei? ioeeiiia c
ia?ii-ia?ieie yae?aie: yaea?ii-no?oeoo?iee iaoiae i iaaeeaeaiiy yaea?ii?
iaoa?i?. Aaaeeeaith oa?aeoa?enoeeith iaio iaoiaeia ? i?eioeeiiaa
iiaeeeainoue iieno c ?aeeii? oi/ee ci?o ye aeanoeainoae yaea?, oae i
iniaeeainoae ioeeii-yaea?iiai ?icniyiiy. Caeieniaii ii?iaiyiiy iaio
iaoiaeia, aiaecia/athoueny ?oii iiceoeaii yeinoi e iaiaaeaiiy.

O iiae?icaeiei 1.2 aenaioeth?oueny i?iaeaia o?aooaaiiy a iioe/iiio
iioaioeiaei aca?iiaei? ioeeiiia c iaia?ieie yae?aie neeaaeiaeo, ui
caeaaeaoue aiae niiio yae?a. ?icaeyaeathoueny i ii?iaiththoueny oaei
aenia?eiaioaeueii iaoiaee aeineiaeaeaiiy aieeao niii-niiiiai? aca?iiaei?
ia ioeeii-yaea?ia ?icniyiiy, ye aeyaeaiiy niiiiai? aneiao?i? a iiaiiio
ia?a?ici i?oaeiiai ?icniyiiy i aeii?thaaiiy aeaiiey?ecaoei? ?icniyieo
ioeeiiia. I?iaiaeiciaaii iniiaii oai?aoe/ii — oaiiiaiieiai/ii oa
iie?ineiii/ii — iaoiaee ia/eneaiiy niii-niiiiaeo i oaici?ieo neeaaeiaeo
iioe/iiai iioaioeiaeo. Iaa?oioiao?oueny aeniiaie i?i aiaenooiinoue
?aeeiiai iie?ineiii/iiai iiaeoiaeo aei i?iaeaie iiaoaeiae niii-niiiiaeo
ioeeii-yaea?ieo aca?iiaeie.

O iiae?icaeiei 1.3 c?iaeaii iaeyae inioth/eo iei? aeai- i
o?e/anoeieiaeo oi?ioethaaiue aoaeoeaii? ioeeii-ioeeiiii? aca?iiaei?
Nei?ia i i?iaiaeiciaaii iniiaii oice/ii i?eioeeie ia?aiao?ecaoei? oei??
aca?iiaei?. ?icaeyiooi oaei aeanoeainoi nee Nei?ia, ye ca’ycie c
iao?eoeath ?aaeoei? i caeaaeiinoue ia?aiao?ia aiae oaiia?aoo?e, oiaoi
aiae aia?ai? caoaeaeaiiy yae?a. Iaaaaeaii 55 ?icieo ia?aiao?ecaoeie
aoaeoeaii? aca?iiaei? Nei?ia. C?iaeaii ei?ioeee iaeyae ?iaio, a yeeo
oai?iy Nei?ia-Oa?o?i-Oiea oniioii canoiniaoaaeanue aeey iieno
iaia?a?aieo niaeo?ia ia?ii-ia?ieo yaea?. Iaa?oioiao?oueny aeniiaie i?i
aeooaeueiinoue aeineiaeaeaiue uiaei canoinoaaiiy oai?i?
Nei?ia-Oa?o?i-Oiea aei i?iaeaie ?icniyiiy ioeeiiia iaia?ieie yae?aie.

O iiae?icaeiei 1.4 noi?ioeueiaaii aeniiaee aei ia?oiai ?icaeieo.

O ae?oaiio ?icaeiei a iaaeeaeaiii Oa?o?i-Oiea c aoaeoeaiith
ioeeii-ioeeiiiith aca?iiaei?th Nei?ia ?icaeiooi oai?aoe/iee iiaeoiae aei
i?iaeaie iiaoaeiae iie?ineiii/iiai iioe/iiai iioaioeiaeo aca?iiaei?
ioeeiiia c iaia?ieie yae?aie.

O iiae?icaeiei 2.1 o aeiaaeeo ocaaaeueiaii? aoaeoeaii? aca?iiaei?
Nei?ia c o?aooaaiiyi oaici?ieo ioeeii-ioeeiiieo nee ciaeaeaii ae?ac aeey
iaeii/anoeieiaiai oa?o?i-oieianueeiai aaiieueoiiiaia, ui aiaeiiaiaea?
iaia?iiio yae?o. O?aooaaiiy oaici?ii? aca?iiaei? Nei?ia coiiaeth?
aeieeiaiiy iiaeo aeiaeaieia o iaeii/anoeieiaiio aaiieueoiiiaii, aeey
aecia/aiiy yeeo cai?iaaaeaeaii iiao iiaeaeue yaea?ii? aonoeie.

Iioe/iee iioaioeiae ioeeii-yaea?iiai ?icniyiiy aeinoa?oueny caaaeaiiyi
iaeii/anoeieiaiai oa?o?i-oieianueeiai aaiieueoiiiaia aei eieaeueiiai
aeaeyaeo. Caeieniaiiy oei?? i?ioeaaeo?e aeyaey?oueny iiaeeeaei ca oiiae
iiaeeoieaoei? ae?aco aeey aoaeoeaii? iane ioeeiia a ii?iaiyiii c oei, ui
oa?aeoa?eco? ia?ii-ia?ia yae?i. Aeiaaaeaii, ui o aeiaaeeo iaia?iiai
yae?a aoaeoeaia iana ioeeiia ? iia?aoi?ii, yeee aei? ia niiiiai ciiiii
oaeeueiaeo ooieoeie ioeeiia i yae?a.

O iiae?icaeiei 2.2 ?icaeyiooi aeiaaeie noa?e/ii-neiao?e/iiai iaia?iiai
yae?a c iiaeiaiith aei yae?a 13C iaieiieiaith no?oeoo?ith. Oeae aeiaaeie
iiaeia aaaaeaoe oaeei, ui aiaeiiaiaea? aeieniinoi, caaaeyee iaeecii
eaaae?oiieueiiai iiiaioo yae?a 13C. Aiaeoae ciaeaeaiee a iiae?icaeiei
2.1 caaaeueiee iia?aoi?iee ae?ac aeey iioe/iiai iioaioeiaeo ?icniyiiy
ioeeiiia iaia?iei yae?ii ia?aoai?th?oueny ia oaeee, ui aaciina?aaeiuei
aeyaey? naith ?aaeiaeueio, niiiiao oa iciniiiiao no?oeoo?o, a oaeiae
caeaaeiinoue aiae aia?ai? ?icniyiiy:

wmetafile8? ??S???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
 A3???&??yyyy?????Ay¬y?3L ???&? ?MathType??0???u?ya?????

aea wmetafile8? ??®????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
A@???&??yyyy?????Ay?y? Caeiaooee iioe/iee iioaioeiae ia?
iaeaieueo iiaio aeey ?icaeyaeoaaiiai i?ioeano niiiiao no?oeoo?o i
iinoeoue oeaio?aeueio wmetafile8? ??????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? 
@???&??yyyy?????Ay?y?? ???&? ?MathType??P????u@th??????
Ciaeaeaii aeanii cia/aiiy iia?aoi?a aoaeoeaii? iane ioeeiia a yae?i, ui
aiaeiiaiaeathoue ia?aeaeueiie i aioeia?aeaeueiie i?i?ioaoeiyi niiio
ioeeiia noiniaii niiio yae?a:

wmetafile8? ??E???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? `
-???&??yyyy?????Ay1/4ya,  ???&? ?MathType??0
???u?????????»????-??????@?????????o????

aea wmetafile8? ??/????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
Aa???&??yyyy?????Ay°y p ???&? ?MathType??wmetafile8?
??L??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
???????  ? ???&??yyyy?????Ay°yAP ???&?
?MathType???????u@th?????? Ciaeaeaii, ui aeani? cia/aiiy (2) iia?aoi?a
aoaeoeaii? iane ioeeiia aaciina?aaeiuei aecia/athoue aia?aaoe/i?
caeaaeiino? oeaio?aeueiiai, ni?i-ni?iiaiai ? oaici?iiai iioaioe?ae?a.
I?e oeueiio aia?aaoe/ia caeaaei?noue oeaio?aeueiiai iioaioe?aeo
aecia/a?oueny na?aaei?i cia/aiiyi aaee/ei (2), a aia?aaoe/i? caeaaeiino?
ni?i-ni?iiaiai ? oaici?iiai iioaioe?ae?a aecia/athoueny ??cieoeath oeeo
aaee/ei.

Aeiaaaeaii, ui neeaaeia? iioe/iiai iioaioe?aeo (1), ye? caeaaeaoue a?ae
ni?io yae?a, aecia/athoueny ye noaiii iaia?iiai ioeeiia a yae?? 13N, oae
? noaiaie on?o ?ioeo ioeeii?a yae?a, ui ? iane?aeeii naiiocaiaeaeaiiy a
oai??? Oa?o??-Oiea. Oaici?i? neee Ne??ia aieeaathoue ia on? ciaeaeai?
iioaioe?aee, a ni?i-ni?iiaee ? oaici?iee ioeeii-yaea?i? iioaioe?aee
caeaaeaoue a?ae on?o ia?aiao??a aoaeoeaii? aca?iiae??.

O iiae?icaeiei 2.3 noi?ioeueiaaii aeniiaee aei ae?oaiai ?icaeieo.

O o?aoueiio ?icaeiei caeieniaii aiaeic ?aaeiaeueieo i aia?aaoe/ieo
caeaaeiinoae ciaeaeaiiai a ae?oaiio ?icaeiei iioe/iiai iioaioeiaeo
aca?iiaei? ioeeiiia c yae?aie 13C. I?e oeueiio naiiocaiaeaeaii
iaeii/anoeieiai ?aaeiaeueii oaeeueiai ooieoei? caiiiaii oaeeueiaeie
ooieoeiyie iaieiieiai? iiaeaei c iioaioeiaeii aa?iiii/iiai inoeeeyoi?a.

O iiae?icaeiei 3.1 ca oiiae aiaenooiinoi oaici?ii? aoaeoeaii?
aca?iiaei? Nei?ia i?iaiaeiciaaii caeaaeiinoi ?aaeiaeueieo ?iciiaeieia
aeanieo cia/aiue iia?aoi?a aoaeoeaii? iane ioeeiia, a oaeiae
oeaio?aeueii?, niii-i?aioaeueieo, niii-niiiiai? i oaici?ii?
ioeeii-yaea?ieo aca?iiaeie aiae ia?aiao?ecaoei? aoaeoeaii? aca?iiaei?
Nei?ia, aiae aia?ai? ?icniyiiy ? aiae oeio ?icnithaaieo /anoeiie
(iaeo?iie aai i?ioiie).

Ia ?en. 1 iaaaaeaii ?aae?aeuei? ?iciiae?ee aeanieo cia/aiue iia?aoi?a
aoaeoeaii? iane ioeeiia ? oeaio?aeueiiai iioaioe?aeo ?icn?yiiy yae?aie
13N iaeo?ii?a ? i?ioii?a.

Cia/aiiy iioaioe?ae?a ia on?o ?enoieao, ui iaaaaeai? ieae/a, iiaeai? a
iaeeieoeyo IaA.

Ia ?en. 2 iaaaaeaii ?aae?aeuei? ?iciiae?ee ni?i-i?a?oaeueieo,
ni?i-ni?iiaiai ? oaici?iiai iioaioe?ae?a ?icn?yiiy iaeo?ii?a, a ia ?en.
3 oe? ?iciiae?ee ii??aiththoueny c oaeeie, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue ?icn?yiiy
i?ioii?a.

Ia ?en. 4 i?aaenoaaeaii aia?aaoe/i? caeaaeiino? oeaio?aeueiiai,
ni?i-ni?iiaiai ? oaici?iiai iioaioe?ae?a, aea wmetafile8?
?????????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? @ ???&??yyyy?????Ay?y` ???&?
?MathType??`????u@th?????? I?iaiae?ciaaii aieea ia ?aae?aeuei?
?iciiae?ee on?o iioaioe?ae?a aaee/eie inoeeeyoe?eiiai ia?aiao?a, yeee
oa?aeoa?eco? ?ici??e yae?a. I?e oeueiio ?icaeyiooi aeaa aeiaaeee: a
ia?oiio inoeeeyoe?eiee ia?aiao? aa??th?oueny aeey oaeeueiaeo ooieoe?e
on?o ioeeii?a yae?a, a a ae?oaiio — eeoa aeey oaeeueiai? ooieoe??
aaeaioiiai ioeeiia.

O iiae?icaeiei 3.2 aenaioeth?oueny i?iaeaia ia?aiao?ecaoei? oaici?ii?
/anoeie aoaeoeaii? ioeeii-ioeeiiii? aca?iiaei? Nei?ia. ?icaeyiooi aeai
?icii ca nai?i iioiaeaeaiiyi ia?aiao?ecaoe??, iaeia c yeeo a?oioo?oueny
ia i?e?ineii?/iiio i?aeoiae?, a

?ioa — ia oaiiiaiieia?/iiio.

O i?ae?icae?e? 3.3 i?iaiae?ciaaii aieea oaici?ii? aoaeoeaii? aca?iiae??
Ne??ia ia ?aae?aeuei? ?iciiae?ee ? aia?aaoe/i? caeaaeiino?
ni?i-ni?iiaiai ? oaici?iiai iioaioe?ae?a ?icn?yiiy yae?aie 13N iaeo?ii?a
? i?ioii?a (?en. 5). ?icaeyiooi oaeiae ci?ie, ye? i?e oeueiio
a?aeaoaathoueny a ?aae?aeueieo ?iciiae?eao oeaio?aeueiiai ? iaio
ni?i-i?a?oaeueieo iioaioe?ae?a.

O iiae?icaeiei 3.4 caeiniaii aiaeic caeaaeiinoae ia’?iieo iioaa?aeia i
na?aaeiueieaaae?aoe/ieo ?aaeionia oeaio?aeueiiai, niii-i?aioaeueieo,
niii-niiiiaiai i oaici?iiai iioaioeiaeia ?icniyiiy ioeeiiia yae?aie 13C
aiae aia?ai? ?icniyiiy, aiae oeio ?icnithaaieo /anoeiie i aiae
ia?aiao?ecaoei? aoaeoeaii? aca?iiaei? Nei?ia. Ciaeaeaii ?acoeueoaoe
ii?iaiththoueny c inioth/eie aenia?eiaioaeueieie aeaieie.

O iiae?icaeiei 3.5 noi?ioeueiaaii aeniiaee aei o?aoueiai ?icaeieo.

O /aoaa?oiio ?icaeiei ia iniiai ciaeaeaiiai a ae?oaiio ?icaeiei
iioe/iiai iioaioeiaeo caeieniaii aiaeic iiey?ecaoeieieo yaeu, ui
niinoa?iaathoueny a i?oaeiiio ?icniyiii ioeeiiia yae?aie 13C.

O iiae?icaeiei 4.1 a ai?iianueeiio iaaeeaeaiii ciaeaeaii ae?ac aeey
aiieiooaee i?oaeiiai ?icniyiiy ioeeiiia iaia?ieie yae?aie c o?aooaaiiyi
niii-i?aioaeueieo, niii-niiiiai? i oaici?ii? ioeeii-yaea?ieo aca?iiaeie.
Iaaaaeaii caaaeueii ae?ace aeey ?icieo iiey?ecaoeieieo oa?aeoa?enoee
i?oaeiiai ?icniyiiy.

O iiae?icaeiei 4.2 aeineiaeaeaii caeaaeiinoue eooiaeo ?iciiaeieia
?icieo iiey?ecaoeieieo oa?aeoa?enoee i?oaeiiai ?icniyiiy ioeeiiia
yae?aie 13C aiae aia?ai? ?icniyiiy i aiae ia?aiao?ecaoei? oaici?ii?
aca?iiaei? Nei?ia, a oaeiae i?iaiaeiciaaii aieea ia oei ?iciiaeiee
?icieo /anoei iioe/iiai iioaioeiaeo. Cie?aia aeiaaaeaii, ui i?e
ioeueia?e aia?a?? ?icn?thaaieo ioeeii?a on? iiey?ecaoe?ei?
oa?aeoa?enoeee iathoue ?cio?iii? eooia? ?iciiae?ee, a i?e iaioeueiaeo
cia/aiiyo aia?a?? caeaaeiino? iiey?ecaoe?eieo oa?aeoa?enoee a?ae eooa
?icn?yiiy iathoue inoeeethth/ee oa?aeoa?, i?e/iio /anoioa inoeeeyoe?e
ca?eueoo?oueny ?c c?inoaiiyi aia?a??.

Caeieniaii ii?iaiyiiy ciaeaeaieo ?acoeueoaoia c inioth/eie
aenia?eiaioaeueieie aeaieie. Aeyaeaii iaeaieueo /ooeeai aei
niii-niiiiai? i oaici?ii? ioeeii-yaea?ieo aca?iiaeie iiey?ecaoeieii
oa?aeoa?enoeee, aenia?eiaioaeueii aeineiaeaeaiiy yeeo aei oeueiai /ano
ua ia caeienithaaeeny.

O iiae?icaeiei 4.3 noi?ioeueiaaii aeniiaee aei /aoaa?oiai ?icaeieo.

O aeniiaeao noi?ioeueiaaii iniiaii ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoei?.

AENIIAEE

O aeena?oaoe?? ciaeaeaii oae? ?acoeueoaoe:

1. Ia iniiai iaaeeaeaiiy Oa?o?i-Oiea c aoaeoeaiith ioeeii-ioeeiiiith
aca?iiaei?th Nei?ia ?ic?iaeaii oai?aoe/iee iaoiae iiaoaeiae
iie?ineiii/iiai iioe/iiai iioaioeiaeo aca?iiaei? ioeeiiia c iaia?ieie
yae?aie.

2. Ciaeaeaii aiaeioe/iee ae?ac aeey iaeii/anoeieiaiai
oa?o?i-oieianueeiai aaiieueoiiiaia, ui aiaeiiaiaea? iaia?iiio yae?o, o
aeiaaeeo ocaaaeueiaii? aoaeoeaii? aca?iiaei? Nei?ia c o?aooaaiiyi
oaici?ieo ioeeii-ioeeiiieo nee. Aeiaaaeaii, ui o?aooaaiiy oaici?ii?
aca?iiaei? Nei?ia coiiaeth? aeieeiaiiy inoioii iiaeo aeiaeaieia o
iaeii/anoeieiaiio aaiieueoiiiaii, aeey aecia/aiiy yeeo cai?iaaaeaeaii
iiao iiaeaeue yaea?ii? aonoeie.

3. Iaeii/anoeieiaee oa?o?i-oieianueeee aaiieueoiiiai caaaeaii aei
eieaeueiiai aeaeyaeo i ciaeaeaii caaaeueiee iia?aoi?iee ae?ac aeey
aeienii? /anoeie iioe/iiai iioaioeiaeo ?icniyiiy ioeeiiia iaia?ieie
yae?aie. Aeiaaaeaii, ui caeieniaiiy oei?? i?ioeaaeo?e iiaeeeaa, yeui
aoaeoeaio iano ioeeiia a iaia?iiio yae?i aaaaeaoe iia?aoi?ii, yeee aei?
ia niiiiai ciiiii oaeeueiaeo ooieoeie, ui aiaeiiaiaeathoue ioeeiio i
yae?o.

4. O aeiaaeeo noa?e/ii-neiao?e/iiai iaia?iiai yae?a, iaieiieiaa
no?oeoo?a yeiai iiaeiaia aei iaieiieiai? no?oeoo?e yae?a 13C, ciaeaeaii
aiaeioe/iee ae?ac aeey iioe/iiai ioeeii-yaea?iiai iioaioeiaeo. Oeae
iioaioeiae ia? iaeaieueo iiaio aeey ?icaeyaeoaaiiai i?ioeano ?icniyiiy
ioeeiiia yae?aie ci niiiii 1/2 niiiiao no?oeoo?o i iinoeoue
oeaio?aeueio, aeai niii-i?aioaeueii, niii-niiiiao i oaici?io
ioeeii-yaea?ii aca?iiaei?, aeey yeeo ciaeaeaii i?inoi aiaeioe/ii ae?ace.

5. Ciaeaeaii aeanii cia/aiiy iia?aoi?a aoaeoeaii? iane ioeeiia a
iaia?iiio yae?i — «ia?oeiaeueii» aoaeoeaii iane — yei aiaeiiaiaeathoue
ia?aeaeueiie i aioeia?aeaeueiie i?i?ioaoeiyi niiio ioeeiia noiniaii
niiio yae?a.

6. Oeaio?aeueia, niii-niiiiaa i oaici?ia /anoeie ciaeaeaiiai iioe/iiai
iioaioeiaeo aeyaeythoueny oaeeie, ui caeaaeaoue aiae aia?ai? ?icniyiiy,
a niii-i?aioaeueii /anoeie — oaeeie, ui ia caeaaeaoue. I?e oeueiio
aia?aaoe/ia caeaaeiinoue oeaio?aeueiiai iioaioeiaeo, yea aecia/a?oueny
na?aaeiii cia/aiiyi «ia?oeiaeueieo» aoaeoeaieo ian, inoioii
aiae?iciy?oueny aiae aia?aaoe/ieo caeaaeiinoae niii-niiiiai? i oaici?ii?
ioeeii-yaea?ieo aca?iiaeie, yei aecia/athoueny ?icieoeath cacia/aieo
aaee/ei.

7. I?iaiaeiciaaii caeaaeiino? ?aaeiaeueieo ?iciiaeieia aeanieo cia/aiue
iia?aoi?a aoaeoeaii? iane ioeeiia, a oaeiae caeaaeiino? oeaio?aeueiiai,
niii-i?aioaeueieo, niii-niiiiaiai i oaici?iiai iioaioeiaeia aiae
ia?aiao?ecaoei? aoaeoeaii? aca?iiaei? Nei?ia, aiae aia?ai? ?icniyiiy i
aiae oeio ?icnithaaieo /anoeiie (iaeo?iie aai i?ioiie). Aeaoaeueii
aeineiaeaeaii aieea oaici?ii? /anoeie aoaeoeaii? ioeeii-ioeeiiii?
aca?iiaei? Nei?ia ia ?aaeiaeueii e aia?aaoe/ii caeaaeiinoi niii-niiiiai?
i oaici?ii? ioeeii-yaea?ieo aca?iiaeie.

8. Aeiaaaeaii, ui oeaio?aeueia niii-niiiiaa i oaici?ia ioeeii-yaea?ii
aca?iiaei? a onio ?icaeyiooeo aeiaaeeao ? i?ioeeaaeieie ca ciaeii.

9. Ciaeaeaii i i?iaiaeiciaaii ia’?iii iioaa?aee i
na?aaeiueieaaae?aoe/ii ?aaeione aeey onio /anoei iioe/iiai iioaioeiaeo
?icniyiiy ioeeiiia yae?aie 13C.

10. Ia iniiai ciaeaeaiiai iioe/iiai ioeeii-yaea?iiai iioaioeiaeo
aeineiaeaeaii iiey?ecaoeieii yaeua, ui niinoa?iaathoueny a i?oaeiiio
?icniyiii ioeeiiia yae?aie 13C. Aea/aii caeaaeiinoue eooiaeo ?iciiaeieia
?icieo iiey?ecaoeieieo oa?aeoa?enoee aiae aia?ai? ?icniyiiy i aiae
ia?aiao?ecaoei? oaici?ii? aca?iiaei? Nei?ia. Ciaeaeaiee eooiaee
?iciiaeie aeaiiey?ecaoei? ?icniyieo yae?aie 13C i?ioiiia c aia?ai?th 65
IaA yeinii ocaiaeaeo?oueny c inioth/eie aenia?eiaioaeueieie aeaieie.

11. I?iaiaeiciaaii aieea ia eooiai ?iciiaeiee iiey?ecaoeieieo
oa?aeoa?enoee i?oaeiiai ?icniyiiy ioeeiiia yae?aie 13C ?icieo /eaiia
iioe/iiai iioaioeiaeo. Aeiaaaeaii iaiaoiaeiinoue iaeii/aniiai o?aooaaiiy
o aeineiaeaeaiiyo ?icniyiiy ioeeiiia iaia?ieie yae?aie ye niii-niiiiai?,
oae i oaici?ii? ioeeii-yaea?ieo aca?iiaeie. Ciaeaeaii iaeaieueo /ooeeai
aei niii-niiiiai? i oaici?ii? ioeeii-yaea?ieo aca?iiaeie iiey?ecaoeieii
oa?aeoa?enoeee, yei ua ia aeii?thaaeeny aenia?eiaioaeueii.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO AAOI?II ?IA?O CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

1. E?aa/aiei N.I., Niciee A.I. Iioe/aneee iioaioeeae ia/aoiiai yae?a a
i?eaeeaeaiee Oa?o?e-Oiea n iaiauaiiuie neeaie Nee?ia // Eca. ?AI. Na?.
oec. — 1996. — O. 60. — ?5. — N. 99 -101.

2. E?aa/aiei N.I., Niciee A.I. Iioe/aneee iioaioeeae yae?a 13C a
i?eaeeaeaiee Oa?o?e-Oiea n yooaeoeaiui acaeiiaeaenoaeai Nee?ia // ssO. —
1998. — O. 61. — ?12. — N. 2147-2156.

3. E?aa/aiei N.I., Niciie I.I. Iioe/iee iioaioeiae i iiey?ecaoeieii
yaeua a i?oaeiiio ?icniyiii ioeeiiia yae?aie 13C // OOAE. — 1999. — O.
44. — ?4. — N. 425-434.

4. E?aa/aiei N.I., Niciee A.I. Iioe/aneee iioaioeeae acaeiiaeaenoaey
ioeeiiia n ia/aoiui yae?ii 13C a i?eaeeaeaiee Oa?o?e-Oiea n yooaeoeaiui
acaeiiaeaenoaeai Nee?ia // Oacenu aeieeaaeia XLVI Iaaeaeoia?iaeiiai
niaauaiey ii yaea?iie niaeo?ineiiee e no?oeoo?a aoiiiiai yae?a, Iineaa,
18-21 ethiy 1996 a. — N.-I.: Iaoea, 1996. — N. 153.

E?aa/aiei N.I. I?e?ineii?/iee iioe/iee iioaioe?ae aca?iiae?? ioeeii?a c
iaia?ieie yae?aie a oai??? Ne??ia-Oa?o??-Oiea. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 01.04.16 — o?ceea yae?a,
aeaiaioa?ieo /anoeiie ? aenieeo aia?a?e. — Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee
oi?aa?neoao, Oa?e?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia aeine?aeaeaiith neeaaeiaeo i?e?ineii?/iiai
iioe/iiai iioaioe?aeo aca?iiae?? ioeeii?a c iaia?ieie yae?aie, ye?
caeaaeaoue a?ae ni?io yae?a-i?oai?. Ia iniia? oai??? Oa?o??-Oiea c
aoaeoeaiith ioeeii-ioeeiiiith aca?iiae??th Ne??ia ciaeaeaii iioe/iee
iioaioe?ae, yeee ia? iaea?eueo iiaio aeey i?ioeano ?icn?yiiy ioeeii?a
yae?aie c? ni?iii 1/2 ni?iiao no?oeoo?o. Caeiaooi aiae?oe/i? ae?ace aeey
oeaio?aeueii?, ni?i-i?a?oaeueieo, oeaio?aeueii? ni?i-ni?iiai? ?
oaici?ii? ioeeii-yaea?ieo aca?iiae?e. I?iaiae?ciaaii iiey?ecaoe?ei?
yaeua, ui niinoa??aathoueny a i?oaeiiio ?icn?yii? ioeeii?a yae?aie 13N,
? ciaeaeaii iaea?eueo /ooeea? aei ni?i-ni?iiai? ? oaici?ii?
ioeeii-yaea?ieo aca?iiae?e iiey?ecaoe?ei? oa?aeoa?enoeee.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: iaia?i? yae?a, ioeeii, iioe/iee iioaioe?ae,
ni?i-ni?iiaa aca?iiae?y, oaici?ia aca?iiae?y, aoaeoeaia aca?iiae?y
Ne??ia, i?oaeia ?icn?yiiy, yae?i 13N.

Kravchenko S.M. Microscopic optical potential of nucleon interaction
with odd nuclei in the Skyrme-Hartree-Fock theory. — Manuscript.

Thesis for a candidate’s degree in physics and mathematics by
speciality 01.04.16 — physics of nucleus, elementary particles and high
energies. — Kharkov State University, Kharkov, 1999.

Thesis is devoted to the investigation of the microscopic nucleon-odd
nucleus optical potential components depended on the target nucleus
spin. The optical potential has been obtained within the Hartree-Fock
theory with effective nucleon-nucleon Skyrme interaction, the spin
structure of which is the most complete for the nucleon scattering by
spin-1/2 nuclei process. The analytical expressions for the central,
spin-orbit, central spin-spin, and tensor nucleon-nucleus interactions
are derived. The polarization phenomena in the nucleon elastic
scattering by 13C nuclei are analysed and the most sensitive to the
spin-spin and tensor nucleon-nucleus interactions polarization
characteristics have been revealed.

Key words: odd nuclei, nucleon, optical potential, spin-spin
interaction, tensor interaction, Skyrme effective interaction, elastic
scattering, 13C nucleus.

E?aa/aiei N.I. Iee?ineiie/aneee iioe/aneee iioaioeeae acaeiiaeaenoaey
ioeeiiia n ia/aoiuie yae?aie a oai?ee Nee?ia-Oa?o?e-Oiea. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa
oeceei-iaoaiaoe/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 01.04.16 — oeceea yae?a,
yeaiaioa?iuo /anoeoe e aunieeo yia?aee. — Oa?ueeianeee ainoaea?noaaiiue
oieaa?neoao, Oa?ueeia, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia enneaaeiaaieth caaenyueo io nieia yae?a
ninoaaeythueo iee?ineiie/aneiai iioe/aneiai ioeeii-yaea?iiai
iioaioeeaea, a oaeaea aiaeeco iiey?ecaoeeiiiuo yaeaiee, iaaethaeathueony
a oi?oaii ?annayiee ioeeiiia ia/aoiuie yae?aie.

A ia?aie aeaaa aeenna?oaoeee naeaeai iaci? iniiaiuo iee?ineiie/aneeo
iaoiaeia enneaaeiaaiey ioeeii-yaea?iiai ?annayiey, i?iaiaeece?iaaiu
iniiaiua yenia?eiaioaeueiua iaoiaeu e ?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiey nieiiauo
yooaeoia a ?annayiee ioeeiiia ia/aoiuie yae?aie, iainiiaaia
aeooaeueiinoue aeaeueiaeoaai ?acaeoey iee?ineiie/aneie oai?ee
iioe/aneiai iioaioeeaea acaeiiaeaenoaey ioeeiiia n ia/aoiuie yae?aie.
?anniio?aiu iniiaiua iaeanoe i?eiaiaiey oai?ee Oa?o?e-Oiea n yooaeoeaiui
ioeeii-ioeeiiiui acaeiiaeaenoaeai Nee?ia e iainiiaaia oeaeaniia?aciinoue
eniieueciaaiey yoie oai?ee a enneaaeiaaieyo ?annayiey ioeeiiia ia/aoiuie
yae?aie.

Ai aoi?ie aeaaa aeenna?oaoeee ia iniiaa i?eaeeaeaiey Oa?o?e-Oiea n
yooaeoeaiui acaeiiaeaenoaeai Nee?ia ?acaeo iee?ineiie/aneee iaoiae
iino?iaiey iioe/aneiai iioaioeeaea acaeiiaeaenoaey ioeeiiia n ia/aoiuie
yae?aie. Iieo/aii iauaa iia?aoi?iia au?aaeaiea aeey iioe/aneiai
iioaioeeaea acaeiiaeaenoaey ioeeiiia n ia/aoiuie yae?aie a neo/aa
iaiauaiiiai yooaeoeaiiai acaeiiaeaenoaey Nee?ia n o/aoii oaici?iuo
ioeeii-ioeeiiiuo nee. ?anniio?ai neo/ae ?annayiey ioeeiiia
noa?e/anee-neiiao?e/iui ia/aoiui yae?ii n eiie?aoiie iaiei/a/iie
no?oeoo?ie, eiathuei niei 1/2. Iieo/ai iioe/aneee iioaioeeae,
iienuaathuee acaeiiaeaenoaea aeaoo /anoeoe ni nieiii 1/2 e niaea?aeauee
oeaio?aeueioth, niei-i?aeoaeueiua, oeaio?aeueioth niei-nieiiaoth e
oaici?ioth ninoaaeythuea, aeey eioi?uo auaaaeaiu i?inoua aiaeeoe/aneea
au?aaeaiey. I?e yoii oeaio?aeueiia, oeaio?aeueiia niei-nieiiaia e
oaici?iia ioeeii-yaea?iua acaeiiaeaenoaey ieacuaathony caaenyueie io
yia?aee ?annayiey.

Iieacaii, /oi yooaeoeaiay ianna ioeeiia, oa?aeoa?ecothuay
iaeieaeueiinoue oa?o?e-oieianeiai iioaioeeaea, a neo/aa ia/aoiiai yae?a
iienuaaaony ii?aaeaeaiiui iia?aoi?ii, aeaenoaothuei ia nieiiaua
ia?aiaiiua aieiiauo ooieoeee iaeaoathuaai ioeeiia e yae?a-ieoaie.
Iaeaeaiu nianoaaiiua cia/aiey iia?aoi?a yooaeoeaiie iannu ioeeiia,
niioaaonoaothuea ia?aeeaeueiie e aioeia?aeeaeueiie i?eaioaoeeyi nieia
ioeeiia ioiineoaeueii nieia yae?a. I?e yoii n?aaeiaa cia/aiea oeacaiiuo
aaee/ei ii?aaeaeyao yia?aaoe/aneoth caaeneiinoue oeaio?aeueiiai
iioaioeeaea, a eo ?aciinoue — yia?aaoe/aneea caaeneiinoe niei-nieiiaiai
e oaici?iiai iioaioeeaeia.

A o?aoueae aeaaa aeenna?oaoeee i?iaaaeai aiaeec caaeneiinoae
?aaeeaeueiuo ?ani?aaeaeaiee, a oaeaea niioaaonoaothueo iauaiiuo
eioaa?aeia e n?aaeiaeaaae?aoe/iuo ?aaeeonia oeaio?aeueiiai,
niei-i?aeoaeueiuo, oeaio?aeueiiai niei-nieiiaiai e oaici?iiai
ioeeii-yaea?iuo acaeiiaeaenoaee io ia?aiao?ecaoeee yooaeoeaiiai
acaeiiaeaenoaey Nee?ia, io yia?aee ?annayiey e io oeia ?annaeaaaiuo
ioeeiiia (iaeo?iiu eee i?ioiiu). Ioaeaeueii enneaaeiaaii aeeyiea ia
oeacaiiua ?ani?aaeaeaiey oaici?iie /anoe yooaeoeaiiai acaeiiaeaenoaey
Nee?ia, i?e/ai ?anniio?aiu aeaa ?acee/iua ia?aiao?ecaoeee oaici?iuo nee,
iaeia ec eioi?uo iniiaaia ia iee?ineiie/aneii iiaeoiaea, a ae?oaay — ia
oaiiiaiieiae/aneii.

A /aoaa?oie aeaaa aeenna?oaoeee i?iaaaeai aiaeec iiey?ecaoeeiiiuo
yaeaiee, iaaethaeathueony a oi?oaii ?annayiee ioeeiiia yae?aie 13N.
Enneaaeiaaiu caaeneiinoe oaeiauo ?ani?aaeaeaiee ?acee/iuo
iiey?ecaoeeiiiuo oa?aeoa?enoee io yia?aee ?annayiey e io ia?aiao?ecaoeee
oaici?iie /anoe yooaeoeaiiai acaeiiaeaenoaey Nee?ia, a oaeaea
i?iaiaeece?iaaii aeeyiea ia yoe ?ani?aaeaeaiey ?acee/iuo /anoae
iioe/aneiai iioaioeeaea. Iaeaeaiu iaeaieaa /oanoaeoaeueiua e
niei-nieiiaiio e oaici?iiio ioeeii-yaea?iui acaeiiaeaenoaeyi
iiey?ecaoeeiiiua oa?aeoa?enoeee, eioi?ua aua ia enneaaeiaaeenue
yenia?eiaioaeueii.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ia/aoiua yae?a, ioeeii, iioe/aneee iioaioeeae,
niei-nieiiaia acaeiiaeaenoaea, oaici?iia acaeiiaeaenoaea, yooaeoeaiia
acaeiiaeaenoaea Nee?ia, oi?oaia ?annayiea, yae?i 13N.

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