A:aref.doc

?inoeooo ie?eieo eoeueoo? OAAI

Eae?iiaa Ia??y A?eai??aia.

OAeE 575:581.1:633.854.59

03.00.15 — Aaiaoeea

I?E?IAAIAOIO?OIEE AeIA??

IA OIEIAeINO?EE?NOUe O ??IAEA ss?IAI

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe

Caii??aeaey — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?inoeooo? ie?eieo eoeueoo? OAAI o eaai?aoi??? aaiaoii?
naeaeoe??

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:

aeieoi? a?ieia?/ieo iaoe Eyo A?eoi? Ieaen?eiae/, ?inoeooo ie?eieo
eoeueoo? OAAI cai?niee aee?aeoi?a c iaoeiai? ?iaioe, caa?aeoaa/
eaai?aoi??? aaiaoii? naeaeoe??

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

Ao?eia A?eoi? Aaneeueiae/, aeieoi? a?ieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,
Naeaeoe?eii-aaiaoe/iee ?inoeooo, caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eo naeaeoe?? oa
ian?iieoeoaa ie?eieo eoeueoo?

Oa?ai?oei Aaeaioei Aaneeueiae/, eaiaeeaeao a?ieia?/ieo iaoe, caa.
eaai?aoi???th aaiaoeee oa aaeaioeaii? naeaeoe?? ni?, ?inoeooo
aa?iaeieia?? oa a?ioaoiieia?? OAAI.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:

?inoeooo o?c?ieia?? ?ineei ? aaiaoeee, i.Ee?a, IAI Oe?a?ie, a?aeae?e
aaiaoe/ieo iniia aaoa?iceno

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 16 a?oaeiy 1999 ?. i 10 aiae. ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 17.370.01 c caoenoo aeena?oaoe?e i?e
?inoeooo? ie?eieo eoeueoo? OAAI ca aae?anith: 332110, i.Caii??aeaey,
n.Niiy/ia, aoe.Aaniyia 1.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o iaoeia?e a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo
ie?eieo eoeueoo?

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 12 eenoiiaaea 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee A.I.Eyo

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeueiinoue oaie. Iaeiei ic iaoiaeia, yeee aeicaiey? cia/ii
nei?ioeoe naeaeoeieiee i?ioean, inoaiiii /anii aaaaea?oueny iaoiae
aaiaoiiai aeiai?o. Iiaeeeainoue aeiai?o aaiao c iaoith iiaeaeuaiiy
noieeinoi nii?ioioiiai iieieiiiy aei ?icieo aaiioe/ieo oaeoi??a
caniiaaia ia i?eiouaiii i?i ae?aaeai?noue /anoeie nii?ioioiiai aaiiio a
aaiaoioioiie oaci aeeoo?aiai oeeeeo ?ineeie.

Aoaeoeaiinoue iie?iaaiaoioioiiai aeiai?o aeiaaaeaia /eneaiieie
aenia?eiaioaie ia ?icieo eoeueoo?ao: oiiaoe, aaaiaiee, eaionoa,
eoeo?oaeca. Ia ieieieo eoeueoo?ao oae? aeineiaeaeaiiy iaeaea
aiaenooii.

Aaaeeeaei ia’?eoii nieuenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa a aaaaoueio e?a?iao na?oo
? ?iiae y?ee, eoeueoeaoaaiiy yeiai aeicaiey? ae?ioeoe i?iaeaie
iaea?aeaiiy i?ioa?iiaeo ei?iia, aieeiaeo i?iaeoeoia, ?ineeiieo aee?ia.
Iaeiei c caaaeaiue naeaeoei? ia aeaiiio aoaii ? io?eiaiiy ni?oia
?iiaea, noieeeo aei aeno?aiaeueieo oiia na?aaeiaeua. Aeeeaaeaia aeua
i?eionea? i?iaaaeaiiy ?ic?iaie o aaeoc? iie?iaaiaoioioiiai aeiai?o ia
?iiaeo. Aeooaeueiei ? aea/aiiy iiaeeeainoi naeaeoei? ia aaiei?aeiiio
?iaii aaiioeiia, noieeeo aei cieaeaieo oaiia?aoo?.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeine?aee ca
oaiith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeeiiai? a eaai?aoi??? aaiaoii?
naeaeoe?? ?inoeoooo ie?eieo eoeueoo? (?IE) i?ioyaii 1994-1997 ??.
ca?aeii c iaoeiai-oaoi?/iith i?ia?aiith “Oai?aoe/i? iniiae naeaeoe?? oa
ian?iieoeoaa n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo eoeueoo?”, caaaeaiiy 02.02.08
“Aea/eoe aieea ia iciaee io?eiaiiai nii?io?oiiai iieie?iiy aeiai?o a
aaoa?iaaiieo ca no?ee?noth aei ??cieo no?an?a iiioeyoe?yo
i?e?iaaiaoio?o?a” (iiia? aea?aeaaii? ?a?no?aoe?? 01950006480).

Iaoa oa caaaeaiiy aeineiaeaeaiue. Iaoith oe??? ?iaioe ? aea/aiiy
aieeao aeiai?o a F1 iie?iaaiaoioioia, noieeeo aei cieaeaii?
oaiia?aoo?e, ia no?oeoo?o oa yeinoue (noieeinoue aei cieaeaii?
oaiia?aoo?e) nii?ioioiiai iieieiiiy, ui ooai?th?oueny o ?iiaea y?iai.
A?aeiia?aeii aei oeueiai o aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? noaaeeenue oaei
caaaeaiiy:

Aeyaeoe a?aei?iiino? i?ae aaiioeiaie ??iaea y?iai ca oieiaeino?ee?noth
/ieia?/iai aaiaoio?oo. Anoaiiaeoe iayai?noue ca’yceo i?ae
oieiaeino?ee?noth nii?io?oo ? aaiaoio?oo.

Aea/eoe iiaeeeainoue iiaeaeuaiiy oieiaeinoieeinoi nii?ioioo ca ?aooiie
aeiai?o iie?iaaiaoioioia, noieeeo aei iecueeioaiia?aoo?iiai oaeoi?o a
ia?iiae i?i?inoaiiy ieeeo i ?inoo ieeeiaeo o?oaie. Aeineiaeeoe aieea
caa??aaiiy ieeeo a?a?eae?a F1 i?e cieaeai?e oaiia?aoo?i ia
oieiaeino?ee?noue nii?ioioiiai iieieiiiy F2.

Anoaiiaeoe iniaeeainoi ciiie niiaaiaeiioaiiy aeayeeo oaiioeii/ieo eeania
o F2 i?e aeiai?? iaeaieueo oieiaeinoieeeo i?e?iaaiaoioioia o ia?iiae
i?i?inoaiiy ieeeo ? ?inoo ieeeiaeo o?oaie ? c??eiai ieeeiaiai ca?ia o
aia?eaeia F1

Iaoeiaa iiaecia io?eiaieo ?acoeueoaoia. Aeyaeaiee aenieee ei?aeyoeieiee
ca’ycie iiae oieiaeinoieeinoth aaiaoioioo ? nii?ioioo o ?iiaea y?iai.

Aia?oa ia oe?e eoeueoo?? io?eiaii aeaii i?i aieea oaiia?aoo?ii? ia?iaee
iie?iaaiaoioioia (ia ?icieo aoaiao ?o ooieoeiiioaaiiy) o F1 ia
no?oeoo?o oa yeinoue iiioeyoeie F2 , ui ?icuaieththoueny.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui ia?iaea cieaeaiith oaiia?aoo?ith iie?iaaiaoioioia ye ia
noaae?? c??eiai ieeeo, oae ? a ia??iae eiai i?i?inoaiiy ? ?inoo ieeeiaeo
o?oaie o F1 i?aeaeuo? oieiaeino?ee?noue nii?io?oiiai iieie?iiy, ui
ooai?th?oueny.

Iieacaii, ui aeia?? o F1 ia iaio noaaeiyo ooieoeiiioaaiiy ieeeo aieueo
oieiaeino?eeeo iie?iaaiaoioioia i?ecaiaeeoue aei ciiie eieuee?nieo
iciae o F2.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoaoia. A?aoiaoth/e ca’ycie iiae
oieiaeinoieeinoth aaiaoioioo i nii?ioioo aei cieaeaii? oaiia?aoo?e,
i?i oeth yeinoue nii?ioioo iiaeia noaeeoe ca eiai aaiaoioioii. Oaeei
/eiii, ioeiiea oieiaeinoieeinoi iie?iaaiaoioioo iiaea iaeii/anii aooe
ioeiieith nii?ioioo ia noieeinoue aei cieaeaii? oaiia?aoo?e.
Cai?iiiiiaaiee iaoiaee/iee iiaeoiae iiaea ciaeoe oniioia canoinoaaiiy
o naeaeoeieiiio i?ioeani ia eiai ?aiiio aoaiao, eiee ioeiiea nii?ioioo
oneeaaeiaia aai iaiiaeeeaa.

Aeineiaeaeaiiy c aea/aiiy aieeao aeiai?o a aaiei?aeiiio iieie?iii F1
ia noaaei? c??eiai ieeeo ? a ia?iiae eiai i?i?inoaiiy i ?inoo ieeeiaeo
o?oaie ia yeinoue nii?ioioiiai iieieiiiy iiioeyoeie, ui
?icuaieththoueny, naiae/aoue i?i eiai aoaeoeaiinoue. I?e oeueiio
aeia?? o F1 iie?iaaiaoioioia, noieeeo aei cieaeaii? oaiia?aoo?e, cia/ii
iiaeaeuoaaa noieeinoue nii?ioioiiai iieieiiiy F2 aei oaeoi?ia
aeiai?o, ui aeei?enoiaoaaeeny. Oeae i?eeii iiaea aeei?enoiaoaaoenue ia
i?aeoeoe? aeey aoaeoeaiiai aeiai?o no?eeeo aei cieaeaii? oaiia?aoo?e
aaiioei?a ??iaea y?iai.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aaoi?ii iniaenoi aoea aeeiiaia
iaoeiai-aeineiaeieoeueea i?ia?aia, cae?eniaii ia?iaeo oa aiaeic
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo (1994-1997??.) ? iaienaiiy aeena?oaoei?.
?acii c iaoeiaei ea?iaieeii aoee aeeiiai?: aeai? aaoueeianueeeo
eiiiiiaioia no?auoaaiiy, iaoiaeee aeineiaeaeaiue, ?ic?iaea no?oeoo?e
aeena?oaoeieii? ?iaioe.

Ai?iaaoeiy ?acoeueoaoia aeena?oaoei?. Iniiaii iaoa?iaee aeena?oaoei?
aeiiiaiaeaeenue ia caniaeaiiyo a/aii? ?aaee IIE (1994-1997??.), ia
Iiaeia?iaeiiio neiiicioii EUCARPIA «Breeding of Oil and Protein Nrops» o
Caii?iaeaei (1996 ?.), I?aeia?iaeiie eiioa?aioei? “Aa?iaeioaoiieiaey
?anoaiee e aeeaioiuo», Ee?a (1997 ?.), Iiaeia?iaeiiio neiicioii
EUCARPIA «Breeding of Oil and Protein Crops», Iniaiiy (1998 ?.).

Ioaeieaoei?. Ca oaiith aeena?oaoei? iioaeieiaaii a?n?i iaoeiaeo ?iaio,
o oiio /enei: /ioe?e — o iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao, aea? — o cai?ieeao iaoeiaeo
?iaio, aea? — o iaoa?iaeao i?aeia?iaeiiai neiiicioio, a oaeiae iaeei
iioi?iaoeieiee eeno ? iaeii oace aeiiiaiaeae eiioa?aioei?.

No?oeoo?a i iacya aeena?oaoei?. Aeena?oaoe?y i?noeoue anooi, i’youe
?icae?e?a, ia?ae?e iineeaiue. ?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia 121 noi??ieao
iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, aeeth/a? 34 oaaeeoe?, 10 iaethie?a. O nieneo
aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae iaaaaeaii 220 iaeiaioaaiue, o oiio /ene? 117
?iicaiieo.

IAOA?IAE I IAOIAeEEA AeINEIAeAEAIUe

Aeineiaeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeenue o eaai?aoi?i? aaiaoii? naeaeoei?
Iinoeoooo ieieieo eoeueoo? o 1994-1997 ?ieao. ?ineeie ae?iuoaaee a
oaieeoei oa a iinoaeeiao ia’?iii 3 e a oiiaao ooo/iiai eeiiaoo. sse
ia’?eo aeineiaeaeaiue aeei?enoiaoaaee aia?eaee F1 ?iiaea y?iai, io?eiai?
aiae no?auoaaiiy ni?oia Oiao i Aeiii?ianueeee ?c naeaeoeieiei iiia?ii
0438. Aaoueeianueei eiiiiiaioe a?a?eae?a, ui aeei?enoiaoaaeenue,
a?ae??ciyeenue noiee?noth aei cieaeaii? oaiia?aoo?e ye ia ?iaii
aaiaoioioo, oae i ia ?iaii nii?ioioo. Aeey i?iaaaeaiiy aeiai?o
iie?iaaiaoioioia, noieeeo aei cieaeaii? oaiia?aoo?e, ia aoaii
i?i?inoaiiy ieeeo i ?inoo ieeeiaeo o?oaie ?ineeie F1 ?ici?uaee ia oii?
cieaeaii? oaiia?aoo?e 3, 9 ? 14°N. O eiio?iei i?i?inoaiiy ieeeo i ??no
ieeeiaeo o?oaie i?ioiaeeee i?e oaiia?aoo?? 25°N. Aeiai? o F1 c?ieiai
ieeeo, noieeiai aei cieaeaii? oaiia?aoo?e, caeienithaaee ca ?aooiie eiai
caa??aaiiy i?e 3 ? 10 °N oa 90% aieiainoi iiaio?y. *a?ac 3,7 ? 10 aeia
/anoeio ieeeo aeei?enoiaoaaee aeey caieeaiiy. Eiio?ieue — caieeaiiy
naiaeacia?aiei ieeeii. Ioeiieo oieiaeinoieeinoi nii?ioioo aeo?aeieo oi?i
? iiioeyoei? F3 i?iaiaeeee iaoiaeii oieiaeiaiai i?i?iuoaaiiy ianiiiy,
nii?ioioii? iiioeyoei? F2 ye iaoiaeii oieiaeiaiai i?i?iuoaaiiy, oae i
oeyoii aeniao ianiiiy a ?aiii no?iee.

I?i noieeinoue /ieiai/iai aaiaoioioo aei cieaeaii? oaiia?aoo?e noaeeee
ca ciiiith e?eueeino? i?i?ineiai ieeeo (a %) i na?aaeiuei? aeiaaeeie
ieeeiaeo o?oaie o aeineiaeieo aa?iaioao o ii?iaiyii? c eiio?ieai i?e
iiniai ia ooo/ia iiaeeaia na?aaeiaeua.

Aieea iecueeioaiia?aoo?ii? ia?iaee ieeeo aia?eaeia F1 ia no?oeoo?o ?
yeinoue iiioeyoeie F2, ui ?icuaieththoueny, ioeiithaaee ca:

— ciiiith oieiaeinoieeinoi nii?ioioiiai iieieiiiy F2 ia ?aiiio noaaeiyo
?icaeoeo ?ineei;

— ciiiith niiaaiaeiioaiiy aeayeeo eeania oaiioeiia o aeineiaeieo
aa?iaioao o ii?iaiyii? c eiio?ieai;

— ciiiith oieiaeinoieeinoi aaiaoioioiiai iieieiiiy F2.

?ACOEUeOAOE AENIA?EIAIOAEUeIEO AeINE?AeAEAIUe

I?E?IAAIAOIO?OIEE AeIA?? IA OIEIAeINO?EE?NOUe

O IA??IAe I?I?INOAIIss IEEEO

? ?INOO IEEEIAI? O?OAEE

Aeey aoaeoeaiiai aeiai?o a F1 iio??aiee i?aaeeueiee iiaeai? eiiiiiaioia
no?auoaaiiy. C iaoith caaacia/aiiy aaiaoe/ii? aaoa?iaaiiinoi a F1
aaoueeianueei eiiiiiaioe aia?eaeia iiaeiii aooe eiio?anoieie ca
oieiaeinoiee?noth ia ?iaii iie?iaaiaoioioo.

Aiaeic ?yaeo ni?oia oa ni?oic?aceia iieacaa, ui aiie nooo?ai
a?ae?iciyeeny ca ?aaeoei?th ieeeo ia cieaeaio oaiia?aoo?o. I?i
oieiaeinoieeinoue ?iaeee aeniiaee, aeoiaey/e ?c caeaoiino? na?aeiai
ieeeo i?i?inoaoe i oi?ioaaoe aeiaai ieeeiai o?oaee a oiiaao cieaeaii?
oaiia?aoo?e. O oaaeeoei 1 i?aaenoaaeaii iaeaieueo eiio?anoii ca oe??th
iciaeith aaiioeie. sse aeaeii, ni?oe Oiao ? Aeiii?ianueeee iaee a?eueoo
oieiaeino?ee?noue, iiae c?acie 0438. Nooo?ai a?ae?iciyeeny aaiioeie, ui
aeineiaeaeoaaeeny, ? ca caoaeaiiyi niaeo?o iiieeainoi aeiaaeeie ieeeiaeo
o?oaie o aeineiaeiiio aa??aioi a ii?iaiyii? c eiio?ieueiei. Iaeaieueoa
ci?ia niaeo?o niinoa??aaeanue o ni?oic?acea 0438 (iaeneiaeueia aeiaaeeia
ieeeiaeo o?oaie o eiio?iei — 45, o aeineiaei — 15, o ni?oia
Aeiii?ianueeee oa Oiao aiaeiiaiaeii — 35 — 25 oa 25 — 20 iiae?eie
ieoey?-i?e?iiao?a).

Aaiioeie, ui aeei?enoiaoaaeenue o aeine?aeaeaii?, aoee oaeiae ioeiiai?
ca oieiaeinoiee?noth ia ?iaii nii?ioioo, i?i ui ?iaeee aeniiaee ca
caeaoi?noth ianiiiy i?i?inoaoe i oi?ioaaoe ei?iioei oa i?i?inoee a
oiiaao cieaeaii? oaiia?aoo?e. sse aeaeii, iaea?eueoei nooiaiai
cieaeaiiy ca iaiia iciaeaie oa?aeoa?eco?oueny c?acie 0438, ui na?ae/eoue
i?i eiai a?eueo iecueeo oieiaeino?ee?noue o ii??aiyii? c ni?oaie
Aei?i?ianueeee ? Oiao.

Oaaeeoey 1

?aaeoe?y nii?io?oo oa aaiaoio?oo aaouee?anueeeo oi?i a?a?eae?a F1

ia oieiaeiaee no?an

IciaeaIioeiaeueia oaiia?aoo?aCieaeaia
oaiia?aoo?a0438OiaoAei?i?ianueeee0438Oiao
Aei?i?ianueeeeNii?io?oI?i?inoaiiy ian?iiy, %96,9100
96,616,781,058,9Nooi?iue cieaeaiiy82,719,0 39,0Aeiaaeeia ei??ioey,
ii47,739,240,512,717,415,2Nooi?iue cieaeaiiy73,455,6
61,7Aaiaoio?oI?i?inoaiiy ieeeo, %71,139,440,32,039,44,9Nooi?iue
cieaeaiiy97,287,4 87,7Aeiaaeeia ieeeiai?
o?oaee124,413,016,77,413,010,3Nooi?iue cieaeaiiy69,124,5 38,4I?ei?oea: 1
– aeiaaeeia ieeeiai? o?oaee iaaeaia a iiae?eeao ieoey?-i?e?iiao?o
i?e?ineiia.

Aeey oa?aeoa?enoeee ca’yceo iiae oieiaeinoieeinoth nii?ioioo ?
aaiaoioioo aoa i?iaaaeaiee ei?aeyoeieiee aiaeic. Ca aieueo?noth
iieacieeia, ui ii??aithaaeenue, a?i aoa iiceoeaiei i aeineoue aenieei.
Iaeiae iaeaieueoei eiaoioei?io ei?aeyoei? iiae oieiaeinoieeinoth
nii?ioioo ? aaiaoioioo aoa o oiio aeiaaeeo, eiee ii?iaithaaee
caeaoiinoue ianiiiy (nii?ioio) i?i?inoaoe i ieeeo (aaiaoioio) i?i?inoaoe
i ?inoe ia iiaeeaiiio na?aaeiaeui (in vitro) i a oeaieiao iaoi/ee (in
vivo) a oiiaao cieaeaii? oaiia?aoo?e ( r = 0,79-0,97).

Eiaoioei?io ei?aeyoei? aoa iaaaoeaiei aai iaa aeoaea iecueei cia/aiiy,
eiee i?i oieiaeinoieeinoue aaiaoioioo noaeeee ca e?euee?noth i?i?ineiai
ieeeo (a %), ia yeee o?eaaeee /an aieeaaa oieiaeiaee no?an. O oeueiio
aeiaaeeo aii iaa ?ica?aeiino? a?ae -0,07 aei 0,22. Iaeiae eiaoioei?io
ei?aeyoei? aoa aenieei, eiee ii?iaithaaee ??no ieeeiaeo o?oaie ? ani
iieacieee nii?ioioo (r = 0,55-0,86).

Io?eiaii aeaii aeicaieythoue aiai?eoe i?i iiceoeaiee ca’ycie iiae
oieiaeinoieeinoth aaiaoioioo ? nii?ioioo ?iiaea y?iai, ui, eiia??ii,
coiiaeaii aeni?ani?th iaeieo ? oeo aea aaiia, ye? aeaoa?iiiothoue
oieiaeinoieeinoue ia iaio noaaeiyo aeeoo?aiai oeeeeo ?ineeie.

A?aoiaoth/e aeuacacia/aia, aeey iiaeaeueoi? ?iaioe aoee io?eiaii
aia?eaee F1: Oiao o 0438 i Aeiii?ianueeee o 0438.

Oieiaeinoieeinoue nii?ioioiiai iieieiiiy iiioeyoei? F2. O oaaeeoei 2
i?aaenoaaeaii aeaii i?i aeith iecueeioaiia?aoo?ieo ?aaeeiia 3 ? 9°N a
ia?iiae i?i?inoaiiy ieeeo i ?inoo ieeeiaeo o?oaie aia?eaeia F1.

Oaaeeoey 2

Ae?y oaiia?aoo?ii? ia?iaee a ia??iae i?i?inoaiiy ieeeo oa

?inoo ieeeiai? o?oaee a?a?eae?a F1 ia i?i?inoaiiy ian?iiy

F2 i?e cieaeai?e oaiia?aoo??, %

Oaiia?aoo?a a ia??iae i?i?inoaiiy ieeeo, °NO?eaae?noue i?i?iuoaaiiy
ian?iiy, ae?an 5101520 Oiao o 043825354
3,1±0,927,3±1.3825,6±2.3233,4±2.52
931621,5±2,31***37,8±2.73***91,5±1.57***100,0***Aei?i?ianueeee o
0438252840,00,4±0.389,0±1.70- 92378,0±1,76***8,0±1.76***32,0±3.03***-
3930,01,0±1.0351,2±5.10***-I?ei?oea: *** — a?aeoeeaiiy a?ae eiio?ieth
nooo?a? i?e ? < 0,001; n - na?aaeiy e?euee?noue ian?iiy, ui aiae?coaaeiny, a eiaeiiio c 3-o iiaoi?aiue. sse aeaeii, cieaeaia oaiia?aoo?a a ia?iiae caieeaiiy - caieiaeiaiiy cooo?ai aieeioea ia oieiaeinoieeinoue nii?ioioiiai iieieiiiy F2. Oae, ia 15-oo aeiao oieiaeiaiai i?i?iuoaaiiy a aeineiaeieo iiioeyoeiyo aia?eaea Oiao o 0438 i?i?inei ian?iiy o 3 ?ace, a o a?a?eaea Aei?i?ianueeee o 0438 - o 3,5 ? 5,5 ?ac?a aieueoa, iiae o eiio?iei. I/aaeaeii, aeiy cieaeaii? oaiia?aoo?e ia iie?iaaiaoioio ia aoaii i?i?inoaiiy ieeeo ? ?inoo ieeeiaeo o?oaie aeeeeeaea aeii?iaoeith iaoieiaeinoieeeo aaiao, caaacia/oth/e ?aaeicaoeith aieueoi? e?eueeino? oieiaeinoieeeo aaiao, iieiiooth/e oei naiei oieiaeinoieeinoue nii?io?oiiai iieieiiiy F2, ui ooai?th?oueny. Ioeiieo oieiaeinoieeinoi iiioeyoei? F2 eiiaiiaoei? no?auoaaiiy Aeiii?ianueeee o 0438 i?iaiaeeee oaeiae, aeniaath/e ianiiiy a ?aiii no?iee i?e oaiia?aoo?i a?oioo 2-4°N. Aeineiaeii aa?iaioe aiae?iciyeeny aiae eiio?ieueieo a?eueo aenieith e?euee?noth noiaeiai ianiiiy a oiiaao iecueeeo oaiia?aoo? a?oioo. Oaeei /eiii, iaeaeaa iaoiaee aeaee ii??aiyi? ?acoeueoaoe, yei naiae/aoue i?i aieueo aenieo oieiaeinoieeinoue aeineiaeieo iiioeyoeie nii?io?o?a. Oieiaeinoieeinoue aaiaoioioiiai iieieiiiy F2. E?ii ioeiiee oieiaeinoieeinoi nii?ioioiiai aoea aeaia oa?aeoa?enoeea noieeinoi aei oieiaeiaiai no?ano iie?iaaiaoioioiiai iieieiiiy ?ineei F2. Ieeie ?ineei iiioeyoei? F2 eiio?ieueieo i aeineiaeieo aa?iaioia i?i?iuoaaee ia iiaeeaiiio na?aaeiaeui i?e oaiia?aoo?i 25°N ? 6°N. Aiae?c iieacaa, ui eiio?ieuei? oa aeineiaeii aa?iaioe ?icieeeny iiae niaith ca nooiaiai cieaeaiiy aeeoo?caeaoiinoi ieeeo i?e i?i?iuoaaiii eiai ia oieiaei. Oae, o aa?iaioi, aea i?i?inoaiiy ieeeo i ??no ieeeiaeo o?oaie aia?eaeia F1 i?ioiaeeee a oiiaao iioeioio, aeeoo?caeaoiinoue aaiaoioioia iieieiiiy F2 cieceeany ia 8,9% ? 17% aeey a?a?eae?a Oiao o 0438 oa Aeiii?ianueeee o 0438 aiaeiiaiaeii o ii??aiyii? c aa??aioii, aea i?ioean caieeaiiy-caie?aeiaiiy ciaoiaeeany i?ae ae??th oieiaeiaiai no?ano. E?ii oiai, eiio?ieueii oa aeineiaeii aa?iaioe a?ae?iciyeeny ca eieuee?noth ?ineei, ieeie yeeo iaea?eueo nooo?ai cieaeoaaa aeeoo?caeaoiinoue i?e oieiaeiaiio i?i?iuoaaiii ia ooo/iiio iiaeeaiiio na?aaeiaeu?. Oaeei /eiii, o ?acoeueoaoi aeiai?o aieueo oieiaeinoieeeo aaiaoioioia o ia?iiae i?i?inoaiiy ieeeo ? ?inoo ieeeiaeo o?oaie aia?eaeia F1 Oiao o 0438 i Aeiii?ianueeee o 0438 iiioeyoei? F2, ui ?icuaieththoueny, oa?aeoa?ecoaaeenue aieueoith oieiaeinoiee?noth aaiaoio?oo. Oieiaeinoieeinoue nii?ioioiiai iieieiiiy F3. Aeey oiai, uia i?inoaaeeoe oniaaeeiaoaai?noue oieiaeinoieeinoi, ioeiithaaee eiio?ieueii oa aeineiaeii iiioeyoei? F3 iaoiaeii oieiaeiaiai i?i?iuoaaiiy ianiiiy. I?i?inoaiiy ieeeo i ??no ieeeiaeo o?oaie aia?eaea F1 Aeiii?ianueeee o 0438 o eiio?iei i?ioiaeeee a oiiaao iioeioio, o aeineiaei - ia oiii cieaeaii? oaiia?aoo?e 9°N. Aiaeicoaaee ianiiiy ?ineei ye eiio?ieueieo, oae i aeineiaeieo iiioeyoeie F2, naiicaieeaieo a oiiaao iioeioio. Anoaiiaeaii, ui ?ineeie aeineiaeiiai aa??aioo, o ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieai, oa?aeoa?ecoaaeenue e?auith ni?iiiaei?noth ian?iiy i?i?inoaoe a oiiaao cieaeaii? oaiia?aoo?e. Eiio?ieueia i aeineiaeia iiioeyoei? ?icieeeny iiae niaith ? eieuee?noth ?ineei (o i?ioeaioiiio niiaaiaeiioaiii) c ianiiiyi, yea ia i?i?inei, ? eieuee?noth ?ineei, ianiiiy yeeo i?i?inoaei aieueo iiae ia 50% . Oae, ia i'yoo aeiao i?i?iuoaaiiy eieueeinoue ?ineei c ianiiiyi, yea ia i?i?inei, a eiio?iei neeaei 50% , o aeineiaei - 34% . O eiio?iei ?c caaaeueii? e?eueeino? ?ineei c ian?iiyi, yea i?i?inei, /anoea ?ineei, ye? i?noeee aieueoa 50% i?i?ineiai ian?iiy, aoea o 3 ?ace iaioith iiae o aeineiaei. Ia nueiio aeiao i?i?iuoaaiiy aeai? aeineiaeo oaeiae ia?aaeuoaaee eiio?ieue ca aeacaiei iieacieeii. Oae, o aeineiaei aei oeueiai /ano ia aoei aeyaeaii ?ineei c ianiiiyi, yea ia i?i?inei, oiae? ye a eiio?iei ?o aoei 5,5% . Oaeei /eiii, aaeeea oieiaeinoieeinoue aeineiaeii? iiioeyoei? F3, c iaeiiai aieo, i?aeoaa?aeaeo? iayai?noue o F1 aeineoue aoaeoeaiiai i?e?iaaiaoio?oiiai aeiai?o ca oieiaeino?ee?noth, c ?ioiai - aeicaiey? ?ica?yoe noii?ae, ye? iiaeooue aeieeiooe o a?aeiioaii? oniaaeeiaoaaiino? a ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaiiy aaiaoio?oiiai aeiai?o. AeIA?? IA NOAAe?? C??EIAI IEEEIAIAI CA?IA I?E CAA??AAII? IEEEO A OIIAAO CIEAEAII? OAIIA?AOO?E AEeoo?caeaoi?noue oa caie?aeithth/a caeaoi?noue ieeeo. O aeaiiio aenia?eiaioi aeei?enoiaoaaeeny oi ae aia?eaee, ui e o aeineiaeao noiniaii aei? cieaeaieo oaiia?aoo? ia i?i?inoaiiy ieeeo i ??no ieeeiaeo o?oaie: Oiao o 0438 i Aeiii?ianueeee o 0438. Aeey oiai, uia aeaoe ioe?ieo oieiaeino?eeino? aaiaoio?oo io?eiaieo a?a?eae?a, aoa i?iaaaeaiee aenia?eiaio ii ni?iiiaeiino? ieeeo caa??aaoeny o?eaaeee /an a oiiaao iecueeeo iiceoeaieo oaiia?aoo?. O oaaeeoe? 3 i?aaenoaaeai? aeai? uiaei aieeao o?eaaeiai caa??aaiiy ieeeo a?a?eaea F1 Oiao o 0438 ia eiai caeaoi?noue i?i?inoaoe ? oi?ioaaoe ieeeiao o?oaeo. sse aeaeii, ieeie oeueiai a?a?eaea Oaaeeoey 3 Aieea o?eaaeiai aeo?eioaaiiy ieeeo a?a?eaea F1 Oiao o 0438 i?e cieaeai?e oaiia?aoo?? ia eiai ye?noue Oa?i?i caa??aaiiy ieeeo, ae?a3°N10°NI?i?inoaiiy ieeeo, %Aeiaaeeia ieeeiai? o?oaee1I?i?inoaiiy ieeeo, %Aeiaaeeia ieeeiai? o?oaee1Eiio?ieue57,9±2,1424,9±1,1957,9±2,1424,9±1,193 44,5±2,23*** 20,6±1,40* 43,3±2,15***21,6±3,937 45,3±2,11*** 20,5±0,98**55,9±2,16 11,7±0,60***10 43,8±2,19*** 12,5±0,68*** 53,8±2,22 16,6±0,81***25 3,9±0,85*** 7,5±0,50*** 17,2±1,63*** 10,5±0,77***I?ei?oea: *,** ,*** - a?aeoeeaiiy a?ae eiio?ieth nooo?a? i?e ? < 0,05, 0,01, 0,001 a?aeiia?aeii. 1 - Aeiaaeeia ieeeiai? o?oaee iaaeaia a iiae?eeao ieoey?-i?e?iiao?o i?e?ineiia. ianooo?ai cieaeoaaa aeeoo?caeaoi?noue c? ca?eueoaiiyi oa?i?io caa??aaiiy a?ae 3-o aei 10-oe ae?a ? a a?eueo?e i??? oea cieaeaiiy niinoa??aaeinue i?e 10°N i?ae i?e 3°N. ??cea cieaeaiiy e?eueeino? i?i?ineiai (a %) ieeeo niinoa??aaeinue o aa??aioao, aea ieeie i?aeeyaaa oieiaeia?e ia?iaoe? i?ioyaii 25-oe ae?a. A?eueo nooo?ai iecueeioaiia?aoo?ia ia?iaea aieeaaea ia ??no ieeeiaeo o?oaie. Oae, c? ca?eueoaiiyi oa?i?io caa??aaiiy ieeeo a?aei?/aii iine?aeiaia cieaeaiiy na?aaeiuei? aeiaaeeie ieeeiaeo o?oaie, ? yeui ia 3-oth aeiao caa??aaiiy aeiaaeeia ieeeiaeo o?oaie o aeine?ae? aoea ianooo?ai iaioith o ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieai, oi ia 10-oo aeiao aiia ciaioeeany aaea?/?. Aieea caa??aaiiy ieeeo a?a?eaea F1 ia eiai aeeoo?caeaoi?noue aoei ioe?iaii oaeiae o a?a?eaei?e eiia?iaoe?? Aei?i?ianueeee o 0438. O oeueiio aeiaaeeo ieeie aeo?eioaaee i?e oaiia?aoo?? 3 ? 10°N i?ioyaii 3-o oa 7-ie ae?a. Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui aeey oeueiai a?a?eaea oaeiae, ye ? aeey iiia?aaeiueiai, nooo?aei ?ia?a??oth/ei oaeoi?ii noaa oaiia?aoo?iee ?aaeei 10°N. I?e/iio, oeae oaiia?aoo?iee oii (10°N i?ioyaii 7-ie ae?a) a iaeiaeia?e i??? i?ecaiaeea aei cieaeaiiy ? i?i?inoaiiy ieeeo, ? na?aaeiuei? aeiaaeeie ieeeiaeo o?oaie. Caa?iaaiiy ieeeo iaio a?a?eae?a i?ioyaii 7 ? 10 aeia i?e cieaeaieo (3 ? 7°N) oaiia?aoo?ao aieeioei ia eiai caeaoi?noue aei caie?aeiaiiy, ia ui aeacoaaei cia/ia ciaioaiiy aeiaaeeie no?o/ea oa eiai caie?aeiaiino? a aeineiaeieo aa?iaioao (oaae.4). Oaeei /eiii, iiaeia i?eionoeoe, ui i?e Oaaeeoey 4 Aieea o?eaaeiai aeo?eioaaiiy ieeeo a?a?eaea F1 Oiao o 0438 i?e cieaeaieo oaiia?aoo?ao ia e?euee?noue ian?iei o no?o/eo oa aeiaaeeio no?o/ea Oa?i?i caa??aaiiy ieeeo, ae?a3°N10°NO SdO SdE?euee?noue ian?iei o no?o/eoEiio?ieue26,9 0,56 26.9 0.56 3 22,5*** 0,9021.5*** 1.28 7 15,3*** 1,0018.7*** 1.27 1014,4*** 1,7015,7*** 1,4Aeiaaeeia no?o/eaEiio?ieue6.0 0.126.0 0.12 3 5.4*** 0.125.5 0.24 7 3.9*** 0.114.3*** 0.10104.2*** 0.184.5*** 0.09I?ei?oea: *** - a?aeoeeaiiy a?ae eiio?ieth nooo?a? i?e ?< 0,001. O- na?aaeiy e?euee?noue ian?iei o no?o/eo (oo) aai aeiaaeeia no?o/ea (ni). iecueeioaiia?aoo?iiio caa?iaaiii ieeeo ai?iaeiaae 7 ? 10 aeia niinoa?iaa?oueny naeaeoeaia aeiiiiaoeiy aaiioeiia. Oieiaeinoieeinoue iiioeyoeie F2. Aeey ioeiiee aei? cieaeaii? oaiia?aoo?e a ia?iiae caa?iaaiiy ieeeo ia oieiaeinoieeinoue ?ineei o ianooiiiio iieieiiii ianiiiy iiioeyoeie F2, ui ?icuaieththoueny, i?i?iuoaaee i?e oaiia?aoo?i 6°N, /a?ac 5 aeia iiae?aoiaoth/e eieueeinoue ianiiei, ui i?i?inee. O aeaiiio aeiaaeeo ca aa?iaioe, ye? ii??aithaaee, aeei?enoiaoaaee o?, aea ieeie aia?eaea F2 Oiao o 0438 caa?iaaany i?ioyaii 3, 7, 10-oe aeia. ?c aeaieo oaaeeoe? 5 aeaeii, ui caa?iaaiiy ieeeo i?ioyaii 7-ie ? 10-oe aeia i?e oaiia?aoo?i 3 ? 10 °N, caaacia/oaaei a iioiinoa? ?aaeicaoeith aieueoi? e?eueeino? oieiaeinoieeeo aaiioeiia. Ia oea aeaco? aieueoa e?euee?noue ian?iiy, yea i?i?inei ia oieiae?. 3-o aeiaiaa caa?iaaiiy i?e cieaeai?e oaiia?aoo?? ieeeo aoei iaaoaeoeaiei, ia ui aeaco? a?aenooi?noue a?aei?iiinoae o i?i?inoaii? ian?iiy i?ae aeine?aeiei aa??aioii ? eiio?ieai. Oaaeeoey 5 Aieea o?eaaeiai aeo?eioaaiiy ieeeo a?a?eaea F1 Oiao o 0438 i?e cieaeai?e oaiia?aoo?? ia i?i?inoaiiy ian?iiy iiioeyoe?? F2 i?e 6 °N Oa?i?i caa??aaiiy ieeeo, ae?a3°N10°NnI?i?inoaiiy ian?iiy, %nI?i?inoaiiy ian?iiy, %Eiio?ieue37910,9±1,60379 10,9±1,6032668,6±1,8242 8,5±1,717210 31,6±3,18***214 27,3±3,07***10232 85,0±2,49***205 36,4±3,16***I?ei?oea: *** - a?aeoeeaiiy a?ae eiio?ieth nooo?a? i?e ? < 0,001, n - na?aaeiy e?euee?noue ian?iiy, ui aiae?coaaeiny, a eiaeiiio c 3-o iiaoi?aiue. Aieea caa?iaaiiy ieeeo aia?eaeia F1 i?e cieaeaiie oaiia?aoo?i ia aenioo ?ineei iiioeyoei? F2. O?eaaea caa?iaaiiy ieeeo aia?eaeia F1 i?ecaiaeeei aei ciiie na?aaeiuei? aenioe ?ineei, a oaeiae /enaeueiinoi eeania c ?icieie cia/aiiyie a aeineiaei a ii?iaiyii? c eiio?ieai (iaethiie 1). Oae, aeey aia?eaea Aeiii?ianueeee o 0438 aeineiaei? iiioeyoei? (caa??aaiiy ieeeo i?e oaiia?aoo?? 3 ? 10°N i?ioyaii 20 ae?a) ia?aaeuoaaee eiio?ieueio ii /enaeueiinoi eeano ?ineei c iaeneiaeueieie cia/aiiyie. O eiiaiiaoei? no?auoaaiiy Oiao o 0438 aeine?aei? iiioeyoe?? iinooiaeeny eiio?ieueiie ca iciaeith, ui aiaeicoaaeany. Iaeiae, a?aoiaoth/e, ui ni?o Aeiii?ianueeee iaa aieueoo aenioo a ii?iaiyii? c? c?aceii 0438, a ni?o Oiao cia/ii iinooiaany inoaiiueiio, iiaeia c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui a iaio aeiaaeeao o?eaaea ae?y aeaiiai no?aniaiai oaeoi?o i?ecaiaeeea aei ae?i?iaoe?? iaoieiaeino?eeeo aaiao, ? a aeine?aeieo aa??aioao eiia?iaoe?? no?auoaaiiy Aeiii?ianueeee o 0438 niinoa?iaa?oueny ca?eueoaiiy e?eueeino? ?ineei oeio Aeiii?ianueeee, a o Oiao o 0438 - oeio Oiao. Io?eiaii ?acoeueoaoe naiae/aoue oaeiae i?i ca'ycie iiae oieiaeinoieeinoth ? aenioith ?ineei. Iiaeia i?eionoeoe, ui aaie, ye? aeaoa?i?iothoue /ooeea?noue aei cieaeaii? oaiia?aoo?e, c/aieai? c aaiaie, ye? aecia/athoue ?yae e?euee?nieo iciae, oaeeo, iai?eeeaae, ye aenioa. AENIIAEE 1. Anoaiiaeai? a?aei?iiino? iiae aaiioeiaie uiaei ?aaeoei? iie?iaaiaoioioia ia aeith cieaeaii? oaiia?aoo?e a ia?iiae i?i?inoaiiy ieeeo i ?inoo ieeeiaeo o?oaie i?e i?i?iuoaaiii ieeeo ia iiaeeaiiio na?aaeiaeui, a oaeiae o oeaieiao iaoi/ee. 2. Aeyaeaii aenieee iiceoeaiee ei?aeyoeieiee ca'ycie iiae oieiaeinoieeinoth nii?ioioo ? aaiaoioioo. 3. Aeiai? o F1 iie?iaaiaoioioia ( o ia?iiae i?i?inoaiiy ieeeo i ?inoo ieeeiaeo o?oaie), noieeeo aei cieaeaii? oaiia?aoo?e, iiaeaeuoaaa oieiaeinoieeinoue iiioeyoei? F2, ui ?icuaiethaaeany, ia ?aiiio noaaeiyo ?icaeoeo ?ineei. I?e oeueiio aoaeo niinoa?iaaany ye i?e 3°N, oae ? i?e 9°N. 4. Aeiai? o F1 oieiaeinoieeeo iie?iaaiaoioioia iiaeaeuoaaa noieeinoue aei aeaiiai oaeoi?o iie?iaaiaoioioiiai iieie?iiy o ?ineei F2. 5. Iiioeyoei? F3 iiney aeiai?o a F1 iie?iaaiaoioioia, noieeeo aei cieaeaii? oaiia?aoo?e, aoee aieueo oieiaeinoieeeie, ui naiae/eoue i?i noieea caa?aaeaiiy aeaii? yeinoi a ianooiieo iieieiiiyo. 6. Aeyaeaii aiaeiiiiinoi iiae aaiioeiaie ca ?aaeoei?th c?ieiai ieeeo ia o?eaaeo aeith cieaeaii? oaiia?aoo?e 3 ? 10°N. Aiaeiiiiinoi niinoa?iaaeeny ye ca e?euee?noth i?i?ineiai ieeeo, oae i ca aeiaaeeiith ieeeiaeo o?oaie iiney iiniao ieeeo ia iiaeeaia na?aaeiaeua. Aeyaeaii iiceoeaiee ei?aeyoeieiee ca'ycie iiae oieiaeinoieeinoth nii?ioioo ? ieeeo i?ae /an oi?ioaaiiy iei ieeeiaeo o?oaie ia iiaeeaiiio na?aaeiaeu?. 7. Aeiy cieaeaii? oaiia?aoo?e ia c?ieee ieeie aia?eaeia F1 iiaeaeuoaaea oieiaeinoieeinoue iiioeyoei? F2, ui ?icuaiethaaeany. 8. Aeia?? o F1 ieeeiaeo ca?ai, noieeeo aei cieaeaii? oaiia?aoo?e, i?ecaiaeea aei ciiie /enaeueiinoi aeayeeo oaiioeiiaeo eeania iiioeyoei? F2. I?e oeueiio niinoa?iaa?oueny ca'ycie iiae oieiaeinoieeinoth ? aenioith ?ineei. ?AEIIAIAeAOeI? 1. I?e naeaeoei? ia oieiaeinoieeinoue ?iiaea y?iai i?iiiio?oueny iaoiae aaiaoiiai aeiai?o. Caaaeyee aeanoeaino? ieeeo ?iiaea caa?iaaoe aeineoue o?eaaeee /an caeaoi?noue aei caie?aeiaiiy, a oaeiae eaaeinoue iai?ioethaaiiy ieeeii, naeaeoeieii aeineiaeaeaiiy iiaeia i?iaiaeeoe i?ioyaii ?ieo a eaai?aoi?ieo oiiaao, ui aeicaiey? cia/ii i?enei?eoe io?eiaiiy aieueo oieiaeinoieeeo oi?i ?iiaea y?iai. 2. A?aoiaoth/e iiceoeaiee ei?aeyoeieiee ca'ycie iiae oieiaeinoieeinoth nii?ioioo oa aaiaoioioo ?iiaea y?iai, i?iiiio?oueny cae?enithaaoe ioeiieo nii?ioioo ca eiai /ieiai/ei aaiaoioioii. NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe?? 1. Eyo A.A., Eaeeiiaa I.A. Iueueoeaaay naeaeoeey ia oieiaeinoieeinoue o y?iaiai ?aina // Naeaeoeey e naiaiiaiaenoai. - 1996. –N 1-2.- N. 31-33. 2. Lyakh V.A., Kalinova M.G., Soroka A.I. Pollen storage at low temperature as a way to improve cold tolerance in spring rape. Proceedings of the EUKARPIA symposium on breeding of oil and protein crops. Zaporozhye., Ukraine, 5-8 August, 1996. P.114-119. 3. Lyakh V.A., Soroka A.I., Kalinova M.G. Selection of early genotypes in male gametophytic generation of F1 spring rape hybrids. Proceedings of the EUKARPIA symposium on breeding of oil and protein crops. Zaporozhye, Ukraine., 5-8 August, 1996. P. 119-123. 4. Eaeeiiaa I.A., Eyo A.A. Aeeyiea ioai?a oieiaeionoie/eauo aaiao a ia?eiae i?i?anoaiey e ?inoa iueueoeaauo o?oaie aea?eaeia F1 ia ea/anoai nii?ioeoiiai iieieaiey F2 o ?aina y?iaiai: Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue - Caii?iaeaey, 1997.- N. 5-10. 5. Eaeeiiaa I.A., Ni?iea A.E., Eyo A.A. Naycue iaaeaeo oieiaeionoie/eainoueth aaiaoioeoa e nii?ioeoa o ?aina y?iaiai: Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue - Caii?iaeaey, 1997. - N. 10-15. 6. Eyo A.A., Ni?iea A.E., Eaeeiiaa I.A., Ie?ioie/aiei A.I.,Oaaaea A.I. Eaeaioeoeeaoeey aaiaoe/anee-oeaiiuo oi?i ianee/iuo eoeueoo? ia iniiaa aiaeeca iueueoeu: Iaaeae. eiio. "Aa?iaeioaoiieiaee ?anoaiee e aeeaioiuo", iae 1997a., Eeaa: Oac. aeiee. - E., 1997. - N.123. 7. Eyo A.A., Eaeeiiaa I.A., Ni?iea A.E. Iee?iaaiaoioeoiue ioai? ia onoie/eainoue e iiieaeaiiie oaiia?aoo?a o ?aina y?iaiai // Oeeoieiaey e aaiaoeea. -1997.- O.31.- N 3. - N. 71-76. 8. Eaeeiiaa I.A., Ni?iea A.E., Eyo A.A. Niinia ioeaiee oieiaeionoie/eainoe ?anoaiee ?aina y?iaiai ii iueueoea.- Caii?iaeuea, 1997.- 3n.-(Eioi?iaoeeiiiue eenoie / COeIOYE; N 39-97. 9. Lyakh V.A., Soroka A.I., Kalinova M.G. Pollen storage at low temperature as a procedure for the improvement of cold tolerance in spring rape, Brassica napus L. // Plant Breeding. -1998.- Vol. 117. - P.389-391. 10 . Eaeeiiaa I.A., Ni?iea A.E., Eyo A.A. Aeeyiea ioai?a a ia?eiae i?i?anoaiey iueueoeu e ?inoa iueueoeaauo o?oaie aea?eaeia F1 ia oieiaeionoie/eainoue iioiinoaa o y?iaiai ?aina // Oeeoieiaey e aaiaoeea. -1998.- O. 32.- N 5. - N. 41-47. I?aaenoaaeaii ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aieeao aeiai?o oieiaeino?eeeo i?e?iaaiaoio?o?a ia noaae?? c??eiai ieeeiaiai ca?ia, a oaeiae o ia??iae i?i?inoaiiy ieeeo ? ?inoo ieeeiaeo o?oaie o a?a?eae?a F1 ?iiaea y?iai ia oieiaeinoieeinoue aaiaoioioo i nii?ioioo o ianooiieo iieie?iiyo. Anoaiiaeaii, ui iiae oieiaeinoieeinoth aaiaoioioo i nii?ioioo ?nio? iiceoeaiee ei?aeyoeieiee ca'ycie. Aeia?? oieiaeinoieeeo aaiao o aia?eaeia F1 cia/ii iiaeaeuoaaa oieiaeinoieeinoue iioiinoaa, ui ooai?thaaeiny. Iiioeyoeiy F3 iiney aeiai?o a F1 iie?iaaiaoioioia, noieeeo aei cieaeaii? oaiia?aoo?e, aoea aieueo oieiaeinoieeith, ui naiae/eoue i?i noieea caa?aaeaiiy aeaii? iciaee o ianooiiiio iieieiiii I?aaenoaaeaiu ?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiee ii aeeyieth ioai?a oieiaeionoie/eauo iee?iaaiaoioeoia ia noaaeee c?aeiai iueueoeaaiai ca?ia, a oaeaea a ia?eiae i?i?anoaiey iueueoeu e ?inoa iueueoeaauo o?oaie a F1 ?aina y?iaiai ia oieiaeionoie/eainoue nii?ioeoa e aaiaoioeoa a iineaaeothueo iieieaieyo. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi iaaeaeo oieiaeionoie/eainoueth nii?ioeoa ii eco/aiiui i?eciaeai e aaiaoioeoa ii ?inoo iueueoeaauo o?oaie nouanoaoao iieiaeeoaeueiay ei??aeyoeeiiiay naycue, /oi iicaieyao i?iaiaeeoue ioai? oieiaeionoie/eauo aaiioeiia ia iee?iaaiaoioeoiii o?iaia. Ioai? a F1 iee?iaaiaoioeoia, onoie/eauo e iiieaeaiiie oaiia?aoo?a, iiauoae oieiaeionoie/eainoue ?anuaieythueony iiioeyoeee ia ?aiieo noaaeeyo ?acaeoey ?anoaiee. Yooaeoeaiinoue ioai?a (a ia?eiae i?i?anoaiey iueueoeu e ?inoa iueueoeaauo o?oaie) auea auoa i?e oaiia?aoo?a 3 e 9°N, /ai i?e oaiia?aoo?a 14 e 12°N. Ioai? a F1 oieiaeionoie/eauo iee?iaaiaoioeoia iiauoae onoie/eainoue e aeaiiiio oaeoi?o iee?iaaiaoioeoiiai iieieaiey F2. Iiioeyoeey F3 iinea ioai?a a F1 iee?iaaiaoioeoia, onoie/eauo e iiieaeaiiie oaiia?aoo?a, auea aieaa oieiaeionoie/eaie, /oi naeaeaoaeuenoaoao i noieeii nio?aiaiee aeaiiiai ea/anoaa a neaaeothuai iieieaiee.- Ioai? a F1 iueueoeaauo ca?ai, onoie/eauo e iiieaeaiiie oaiia?aoo?a, i?eaiaeee e eciaiaieth /eneaiiinoe iaeioi?uo oaiioeie/aneeo eeannia iiioeyoeee F2. I?e yoii iaaethaeaeanue naycue iaaeaeo oieiaeionoie/eainoueth e oaeei i?eciaeii, eae aunioa ?anoaiee. The results are presented about influence of selection of cold tolerant microgametophytes at the stage of mature pollen grain as well as during pollen germination and pollen tube growth in F1 hybrids of spring rape on cold tolerance of gametophyte and sporophyte in the next generation. Positive correlation was shown to exist between cold tolerance of gametophyte and sporophyte. Selection of cold tolerant gametes in F1 hybrids considerably improved cold tolerance of resulting offspring. F3 population, after selection in F1 microgametophytes tolerant to low temperature, was tolerant to cold, that testifies to stable preservation of the given trait in the next generation. ?iiae y?ee, aeia??, oieiaeinoieeinoue, nii?ioio, iie?iaaiaoioio, aeeoo?caeaoiinoue ieeeo, iiioeyoe??, ui ?icuaieththoueny. ?ain y?iaie, ioai?, oieiaeionoie/eainoue, nii?ioeo, iee?iaaiaoioeo, aeecianiiniaiinoue iueueoeu, ?anuaieythueany iiioeyoeee. Spring rape, selection, cold tolerance, sporophyte, microgametophyte, pollen viability, segregating populations.

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