15

CAII??CUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE OI?AA?NEOAO

*A?IIAA ??eia A?eoi??aia

OAeE 883 I — 1.084

I?OIIIAOEEA OAI?*INO?

IEAENAIAe?A IEANss

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 10.01.01 — oe?a?inueea e?oa?aoo?a

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/iee iaoe

Caii??aeaey — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? oai??? e?oa?aoo?e ? aeo?iae?noeee
Caii??cueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:-aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Oo?aai Ieueaa Aeieo??aia

Caii??cueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e oai??? e?oa?aoo?e ? aeo?iae?noeee

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:-aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Aieiia E?ae?y A?eai??aia

Oaeai?iaenueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e

-eaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Iie?uoe ss?ineaa Ieaen?eiae/

??aiainueeee aea?aeaaiee aoiai?oa?iee oi?aa?neoao,

aeieoi?aio eaoaae?e oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:-Aei?i?iiao?ianueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao

eaoaae?a oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “30” /a?aiy 1999 ?ieo i 13.00 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 17.051.02 i?e Caii??cueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? (330600, i. Caii??aeaey, aoe. AEoeianueeiai
66, ei?i. 2, o?eieia?/iee oaeoeueoao)

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? Caii??cueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo (330600, i. Caii??aeaey, aoe. AEoeianueeiai
66,

ei?i. 2)

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “29” o?aaiy 1999 ?ieo

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
O.A.Oii’ye

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Ieaenaiae? Ieanue — iinoaoue a ?noi??? oe?a?inueei?
e?oa?aoo?e ia o?aaiaioa?ia ? aeaeaei ia ae?oai?yaeia. Eiai oai?/?noue
oa?a?aea a naaa e?au? c?acee oe?a?inueeiai ienueiainoaa iiia?aaeiuei?
aeiae ? aieeioea ia ?icaeoie iiaoe/ii? oai?/ino? O.Ae/aanueei?,
I.Eaiaeueai?iaenueeiai, A.Oa?iia?aaenueeiai. A?ae/ooiee aieea Ieanaai?
ioce ia ?aiith oai?/?noue Ae.Caaoea, I.?eeuenueeiai, ss.Naa/aiea,
I.Ne?na?aiea, A.Ninth?e, I.Oe/eie oa ?i.

Aei?iaie oe?a?inueeeo ienueiaiiee?a-ai?a?aio?a iaaiee /an ?icaeyaeaany
a?ae??aaii a?ae e?oa?aoo?iiai i?ioeano Oe?a?ie. Aaaaoi c ieo, iaae?eaieo
an?eyeeie y?eeeaie, aoee caai?iiai? aeey aea/aiiy, ?o oai?e o?eaaeee /an
ia aeaeaaaeeny. Aei oaeeo iaeaaeeoue ? Ieaenaiae? Ieanue, oai?/?noue
yeiai, aac noii?ao, i?noeoue a nia? iciaee iiaea?ii? e?oa?aoo?e e?ioey
O?O — ii/aoeo OO noie?ooy. Eiai oai?e o?eaaeee /an a Oe?a?i? ia
aeaeaaaeeny a on?e iiaiio?, a iioae?eiaai? /eoaeeny e o?aeooaaeeny
ii-??ciiio. Aeine?aeaeaiiy oai?/ino? I.Ieany, ?icii/aoa eiai no/anieeaie
O.Ae/aanueeith, A.Aaneeueeii, I.Ca?iaei, N.?o?aiiaei, A.Ia/ianueeei,
N.?oniaith oa ?i., o?eaa? ? oaia?. Oai?/?noue ienueiaiieea noaea
ia’?eoii aea/aiiy no/anieo iaoeiaoe?a — E.Aeai’yi?anueei?, I.Iaa?eiai,
I.Ie?eiee, ?.Ia?oiieea, ?.?aaeeoaanueeiai, I.Neaei?aiei, ?.Ooi?oe oa ?i.
Oe?ii? aniaeoe ?oi?o i?aoeue a?aoiaai? i?e iaienaii? aeena?oaoe??.
Iaeiae, o e?oa?aoo?iciaa/eo nooae?yo aei nueiaiaei? ia aeine?aeaeai?
iniaeeaino? i?oiiiaoeee I.Ieany, oeyoe oi?ioaaiiy ? nai???aei?noue eiai
na?oiaeyaeo, aeai?iaa niaoeeo?ea iiac??. ?acii c oei, oaea ?iaioa
aeicaieeea a iiai?oa aecia/eoe ?ieue ? i?noea ieooey o e?oa?aoo?iiio
i?ioean? e?ioey O?O — ii/aoeo OO noie?ooy, noaieini?noue eiai oai?/ino?
iiaei oaiaeaioe?yi ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e oeueiai ia??iaeo.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?y
aeeiiaia a?aeiia?aeii aei oaie “Iiaoeea ooaeiaeiueiai oai?o”, iaae yeith
i?aoeth? eaoaae?a oai??? e?oa?aoo?e ? aeo?iae?noeee Caii??cueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo, ? aea?aeathaeaeaoii? oaie “I?oiiiaoeea
oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e O?O — OO noie?oue”.

Noai iaoeiai? ?ic?iaee i?iaeaie. Ia ?oaaae? O?O-OO no. caaino?th?oueny
a?ae/oooy oaino, c?oeiiaaiiai iiaooo ? na?aeiiino?, iineeth?oueny
eiioe?eo i?ae iiaooii ? aoooyi, a?ae/oooy eaoano?io?/iino? na?oo, ui
coiiaeei iiaa inieneaiiy ieioeiai, i?iiecaia ?aea?th eini?caoe??
na?aeiiino?. Oeae ia??iae oa?aeoa?eco?oueny iiooaeiith i?oiiiaoe/iith
na?aeii?noth, iineeaiei ?ioa?anii aei yce/ieoeueei? neiaie?ee /a?ac
iayai?noue o i?e /?oeiai i?oiiiaoe/iiai ieanoo.

Neioac o?einio??, ineoieia??, iaoee ? ienoaoeoaa noai?ea ?oio aeey
aeieeiaiiy ye iiai? e?oa?aoo?e, oae ? iiaiai niaoeeo?/iiai iaoiaeo
aiae?co e?oa?aoo?ieo yaeu — i?oieia?/ii? e?eoeee.

Iaoiae, yeee caeeaeoaaa ??ci? aeaee ienoaoeoaa c i?oii ? ?eooaeii, aeiee
o cao?aeiiio e?oa?aoo?iciaanoa? ? eoeueoo?ieia??. Aeaea?aeaie
?eooaeueii-i?oieia?/iiai iaoiaeo aea/aiiy e?oa?aoo?e noaee ?iaioe
Aeae.O?aca?a ? eiai iine?aeiaiee?a, a oaeiae oai??y a?oaoei?a E.A.THiaa.
Oai??y a?oaoei?a noai?eea canaaee aeey iiooeo ?eooaeueii-i?oieia?/ieo
iiaeaeae o no/ani?e e?oa?aoo??. I???iooth/enue ia a/aiiy E.A.THiaa,
i?aaenoaaieee ?eooaeueii-i?oieia?/ii? oeiee (I.Aiaee?i, I.O?ae, ?.*aec)
caa?ioeeny aei aea/aiiy i?oieia?/ieo iioea?a, neiaie?a, iaoaoi?,
?eooaeueieo noai o no/anieo ooaeiaei?o oai?ao ? o?einionueeeo nenoaiao.

Ua iai?ee?ioe? O?O noie?ooy i?oiiiaoe/iee i?aeo?ae aei ooaeiaeiuei?
oai?/ino? aeoeaii ai?iaaaeaeoaaany oaeeie a?o/eciyieie a/aieie, ye
I.Iioaaiy, ?.O?aiei. Aea aiane?aeie i?eoeoieaiiy ?o iiaeyae?a
io?oe?eieie iai?aieie aeieo?eiaie aiie aeiaai eeoaeeny ia ia?eoa???
iaoeo ienoaoeoai- oa e?oa?aoo?iciaa/eo nooae?e ? o?eueee a?aeiaaeaaia
caeiaoee iaeaaeia aeciaiiy Oea/aiei A. Ienoaoeoai neiaa (Anooi aei
e?oa?aoo?iciaanoaa): i?ae?o/iee aeey aoiai?oa???a. — E.: I?aaaea
ss?ineaae/?a,1998. — N.25..

I?eioeeie i?oieia?/ii? oeiee aeeeaaeai? o i?aoe? O.Aonea?aa
“Enoi?e/aneea i/a?ee ?onneie ia?iaeiie neiaaniinoe e eneonnoaa”.
?noioiee aianie o ?icoi?iiy i?oieia?? a ?? ca’yceo c oieueeei?ii ai?n
I.Aanaeianueeee (“Enoi?e/aneay iiyoeea”, “N?aaieoaeueiay ieoieiaey e a?
iaoiae”).

O 30-o ?ieao OO noie?ooy a ?in?enueeiio e?oa?aoo?iciaanoa? (i?aoe?
A.AEe?ioinueeiai, ?.Iaeaoeinueeiai, A.I?iiia oa ?i.) aeieeea oai??y, yea
aeoiaeeea c? ni?eueieo caeiiii??iinoae noni?eueiiai ?icaeoeo, oeiieia??
eoeueoo?e, ia?iaeiiai iiaooo ? oai?/ino?. I?e oeueiio aeine?aeaeoaaeany
oeiieia?y ? ca’ycee ia eeoa a nthaeaoao, a e o aeai?ao, ia?acao, /aniaeo
? i?inoi?iaeo eaoaai??yo.

Aeey ?icoi?iiy oi?aa?naeueiino? i?oieia?/iiai eiiieaeno ye iiooaeiiai
caniao o?einionueeiai ? ooaeiaeiueiai i?ciaiiy na?oo aaaeeeaei ?
?ic??ciaiiy i?oieia?cio ye na?oia?ae/oooy ? ye ooaeiaeiueiai i?eeiio.
Eeaneo?eaoe?th oei?a “i?oieia?/ii? iiaoe/ii? na?aeiiino?” cai?iiiioaaa
Ae.Iaeneiia.

Aaeocue ?noi?e/ii? iiaoeee, yea a?aeoai?th? oei i?oiinai?iiy na?oo
ethaeeiith, o? a?oa?/i?, aano?aeoii-eia?/i? noaie, ye? na?aeiii /e
i?aena?aeiii canaiththoueny e?oa?aoo?ith /e eiie?aoiei ooaeiaeieeii,
ae?noaea iacao i?oiiiaoeea.

?acoeueoaoeai?noue i?oiiiaoe/iiai i?aeoiaeo aei aiae?co e?oa?aoo?ieo
yaeu i?aeoaa?aeeee ?iaioe Ae.Iaeneiiaa, O.Iaeca?nueei?, A.Ieo?ioaiiai?,
A.I?iaeiai?, A.Ia??anueei?, Ae.Iecai?aeae?iiaa, I.Ineiiai?, I.Oo?aai oa
?i.

Iaoeiaa ia?oiooaaiiy iiae?aiiai iaoiaeo aiae?co c?iaeee i?aaenoaaieee
a?o/eciyieo ? ca?oa?aeieo iaoeiai-eoeueoo?ieia?/ieo oe?e I.Aaoo?i,
A.Aoeaoaa, I.Aanaeianueeee, A.Aieeia, ss.Aieiniaea?, I.Ae?aaea,
I.Einoiia?ia, I.Eanei-Eooethe, E.Eaa?-No?in, I.Ein?a, TH.Eioiai,
I.Iaeneiiae/, ?.Iaeaoeinueeee, C.I?ioe, ?.Ia??iei, A.Oaeei?, A.Oiii?ia,
?.O?aiei, Aeae.O?aca?, I.O?aeaeaiaa?a, E.A.THia oa ?i.

Iaoith ?iaioe ? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?oiiiaoeee oai?/ino? I.Ieany, aeyaeaiiy
?? iniaeeainoae.

Iaoa ?iaioe coiiaeth? ?ica’ycaiiy oe?eiai ?yaeo caaaeaiue, aieiaieie c
yeeo ?:

— aeine?aeeoe aeaea?aea oi?ioaaiiy ? iniaeeaino? na?oiaeyaeo
ienueiaiieea, ye? a?aeaeeeny ia eiai iiaoeoe?;

— iienaoe iiaoe/io iiaeaeue na?oo I.Ieany, nenoaio i?oieiaai, ia yeeo
oey iiaeaeue aaco?oueny;

— c’ynoaaoe cia/aiiy ? ooieoe?? o?aaeeoe?eieo nthaeao?a ? ia?ac?a, ?o
o?ainoi?iaoe?th a ooaeiaeiueiio na?o? ienueiaiieea;

— i?iaiae?coaaoe i?oiiiaoe/io ia?acio nenoaio I.Ieany, aeyaeoe
aeai?iai-noeeueia? aeii?iaioe eiai i?oioai?/ino?.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aeena?oaoe?y ? iaei??th c
ia?oeo ni?ia aeine?aeaeaiiy i?oiiiaoe/ieo iniaeeainoae na?oiaeyaeo
ienueiaiieea, aeai?iai? nai???aeiino? eiai oai??a, ?aoeaioe??
o?aaeeoe?eieo nthaeao?a ? ia?ac?a, noeeueiai? niaoeeo?ee iiaoe/iiai,
i?iciaiai ? ae?aiaoe/iiai aei?iaeo I.Ieany. Ia i?aoaiaeoth/e ia
aaniethoio anaioiii?noue ae??oaiiy ii?ooaieo i?iaeai, aeena?oaio
?icaeyaea? ?o i?ae eooii oai?/i? aaiethoe?? ienueiaiieea, iaiaaa?oueny
aecia/eoe eiai i?noea a e?oa?aoo?iiio i?ioean? e?ioey O?O — ii/aoeo OO
noie?ooy.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ?
aeniiaee aeena?oaoe?? aeiiiiiaeooue noi?ioaaoe oyaeaiiy i?i anth
neeaaei?noue ? noia?a/eea?noue e?oa?aoo?iiai i?ioeano ia iaae? noie?oue,
aca?iiae?th iai?yie?a, oa/?e ? noee?a; c’ynoaaoe iniaeeaino? ooaeiaei?o
iiooe?a ieooe?a, coiiaeai? i?oieia?caoe??th e?oa?aoo?e.

Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? i?ae /an aeeeaaeaiiy
aoc?anueeiai eo?no ?noi??? oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e OO noie?ooy, aeey
?ic?iaee niaoeeo?n?a ? niaoenai?ia??a, i?e iaienaii? eo?niaeo ?
aeeieiiieo ?ia?o, o oe?euei?e i?aeoeoe? aeey i?iaaaeaiiy o?ie?a, o
?iaio? e?oa?aoo?ieo ao?oe?a, oaeoeueoaoea?a oiui.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. O no/aniiio e?oa?aoo?iciaanoa? ana
aeoeai?oa ai?iaaaeaeo?oueny i?oiiiaoe/iee i?aeo?ae aei aiae?co
e?oa?aoo?ieo yaeu, oai?/eo ?iaeea?aeoaeueiinoae.

Oai?/?noue I.Ieany o?eaaeee /an aoea iaeia?aeiiith noi??ieith a ?noi???
oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e.

O aeena?oaoe?? aia?oa cae?eniaii ni?iao aeine?aeeoe ooaeiaeith
oai?/?noue I.Ieany o an?e noeoiiino? ca oaeeie aniaeoaie: iniaeeaino?
iaioa?noe/iiai na?oiaeyaeo, oaiaoeea ? i?iaeaiaoeea, ia?acia
i?aai?caoe?y, aeai?iaa niaoeeo?ea, noeeueiaa nai???aei?noue.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Ie?ai? ?icae?ee aeena?oaoe?? ?
any ?iaioa a oe?eiio iaaiai?thaaeany ia eaoaae?? oai??? e?oa?aoo?e ?
aeo?iae?noeee Caii??cueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo, ai?iaoaaeany ia
iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo: ?aa?iiaeuei?e iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? “?icaeoie
eoeueoo?e oe?a?inueei? iaoe?? oa eoeueoo? iaoe?iiaeueieo iaioei:
?noi??y, no/aniee noai, ia?niaeoeae (ia iaoa??ae? I?aaeaiiiai Noiaeo
Oe?a?ie)” (Caii??aeaey, 1995), i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe??
“E?oa?aoo?a e ?noi??y” (Caii??aeaey, 1996), iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe??,
i?enay/ai?e 90-??//th a?ae aeiy ia?iaeaeaiiy i?ioani?a N.Nai?eeaiea
(Caii??aeaey, 1996), Ia?oeo Caii??cueeeo ?a?aenueeeo /eoaiiyo
(Caii??aeaey, 1998).

?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iioae?eiaai? a 3 noaooyo, 3
iaoa??aeao eiioa?aioe?e ? oacao aeiiia?ae? ia eiioa?aioe??.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeine?aeaeaiiy neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, o?ueio
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a oa a?ae?ia?ao??. Ianya ?iaioe — 160 noi??iie.
E?euee?noue aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae — 196 (ia 14 noi??ieao).

CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? ia?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeena?oaoe??, ca’ycie ?iaioe c
iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie, aecia/aii iaoo e iniiai?
caaaeaiiy ?iaioe, i?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy, aecia/aii eiai iaoiaeieia?/io
iniiao, ie?aneaii aeaea?aea aeine?aeaeaiiy, aecia/aii iaoeiao iiaecio ?
i?aeoe/io oe?ii?noue aeena?oaoe??, iiaeaii ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i ai?iaaoe?th
oa ioae?eaoe?? ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy.

?icae?e ?. Iaioa?ci ye iniiaa na?oiaeyaeo ? iiaoeee I.Ieany. O ?icae?e?
ioa?aeoa?eciaaii iniaeeaino?, oeyoe ? aeaea?aea oi?ioaaiiy na?oiaeyaeo
ieooey, ui ? nooo?aei aeey inieneaiiy iniiaieo ?en eiai iiaoeee ?
i?oiiiaoeee cie?aia.

Na?oiaeyae I.Ieany oi?ioaaany ? iiaeeo?eoaaany i?ae aieeaii ??cieo
neeaaeiee?a: aeeoy/? a?aaeaiiy a?ae niiaeyaeaiiy iaaeieeoiueiai na?oo ?
caoiieaiiy i?e?iaeith, caoe?eaaeaiiy i?oaie e eaaaiaeaie ??cieo
ia?iae?a, ia?ciai?noue ?c i?iaoeueeith o?einio??th oa ?i.

I??i?eoaoiei iai?yiii oi?ioaaiiy na?oiaeyaeo ienueiaiieea noaa iaioa?ci.
Ia ?ene iaioa?cio o na?oiaeyaei?e nenoai? I.Ieany caa?oaee oaaao
N.?o?aiia, I.AEoe, A.Eanei, A.Ia/ianueeee, I.Oeeeiiae/, I.Ooieei oa ?i.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy I.Aiaiethaiaa, A.Aaneeue?ai?, A.Aooa?ia, i?enay/ai?
?noi??? ?icaeoeo iaioa?cio, oa?aeoa?enoeoe? oeueiai a/aiiy, aeathoue
i?aenoaae noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui nooue iaioa?cio ye o?einionueei? nenoaie
iieyaa? o oioiaeiino? iiiyoue aiaa ? i?e?iaee (na?oo), a oaeiae a
ona?aeiieaii? ethaeeie ye /anoeie oeueiai na?oo, yea i?aeeyaa? eiai
caeiiai.

Aeoiee iaioa?cio ye iniaeeai? oi?ie na?oia?ae/oooy iathoue aeeaiea
ei??iiy. Aeaiaioaie iaioa?cio iineoaiaoaaeeny o?einionuee? nenoaie
noa?iaeaaiuei? ?iae?? (a?aoiai?ci, ?iaeo?ci, aaaee/ia ?ae?a?y), Eeoath
(aeaineci), A?aoe?? (i?eaonueea oeiea). Aaaiiee aianie o ?icaeoie
iaioa?cio c?iaeee o?einionuee? nenoaie ae?ao?a, A??noioaey, A?oii,
Aa?oiaia, Ni?iice, Ieio?ia, Oae?iaa, /anoeiai nenoaie Aaaaey, Aaaioa,
Eiooea, Iaoeuenaia, Oaoia?a, Oiiaiaaoa?a.

A Oe?a?i? iiioey?ecaoe?y iaioa?cio iia’ycaia c ae?yeuei?noth
Ee?ai-Iiaeeyinueei? aeaaeai?? (?.Aecaeue, O.I?ieiiiae/, A.Neiai?iaea).

A iniia? iaioa?noe/iiai na?oia?ae/oooy I.Ieany, yeee i?iaeiaaeoaaa ?
?icaeaaa o?aaeeoe?? A.Neiai?iaee, eaaeeoue ?aeay aa?iii?? anueiai
i?aai?/iiai na?oo, yea ?aae?ciaaia o noai?ai?e iei iiaoe/i?e iiaeae?
na?oo. Oey iiaeaeue aaco?oueny ia ii?aeiaii? eoeueoo?e noeo?e —
ia?oiiniia aoooy. Oaea aa?iii?y coiiaeth? iaaei?ia ciaethaaiiy
iaoaoi?eciaaiiai Anana?oo (neiii?ie — Aiaeee na?o, na?oia? i?inoi?e) o
oai?/ino? ienueiaiieea (“Ii?e iaoa??”, “A aeeoeinoa? ua…”).

Oeaio?aeueiith ? aecia/aeueiith o iiaoe/iiio einiin? I.Ieany iinoa?
noeo?y caie?, yea ? ia?oii?e/eiith ? no?eaeiai aoooy. Caaaeyee ?e ?nio?
ana aeeaa: ethaee, oaa?eie, ?ineeie, ioaoe. Oiio a oe?ieiio ?icoi?ii?
caiey — ?aeeiee aeeaee i?aai?ci, ui ia’?aeio? noaiiao, e?niao oa ?io?
nenoaie. Aaee/ath/e ?? iao??’th, iiao ?iaeoue caieth i?aaeiaoii
noeeyiiy, aeuei ioe?ii/iei e?eoa???i, iin??i eiaeo iai’yo?, caeaoiith
aae?aoe ethaenueeee a?eue (“*iai iiaea oe oae aie?oe…”, “C?aaeeea oa,
ui ethaeea”, “AEeoa! I?eaaaeoth…”, “?eaeaoe oi/aoueny, oa neueice
neai’yi?ee…”, “Oio?a ae y i?oe /a?ac e?ne ae??io/?”).

?c caieath iia’ycai? ?io? noeo?? oa ?o aeyae: aiaea (oaeey, ii?a, ??/ea,
ica?i, aeiu), aiaiiue (niioea, aeeneaaea, ?ne?a), iia?o?y (a?oa?,
oia?e). I?e?iaei? noeo?? aiaee, aiaith, caie? ? iia?o?y, iacaaaeath/e ia
a?aei?iiino? ? ciai?oi? i?ioeeaaeiino? yeinoae, ciaoiaeyoueny o
aeeaieiio ca’yceo oa aca?iiae??.

Eoeueoo?a caie? iaaeo? ?c noeo??th aiaee, aiie ?niothoue a iaei?e
ieiuei?, a iaeiiio aei???, aea a?aeae?eai? e?i??th aa?aaa. Aiaeyia
noeo?y acaaae? aoea aeecueeith aaoi?ia? (“A?/ia ii?a a?/ii ee?oueny”,
“ss ia eaiai? iaae ii?ai”, “A?a y aeaeaei a?ae niooeo ? ai?y”, “Iaae
ii?ai”, “Ee?oueny ii?a, ieaua a aa?aa”, “Ii?a ? ii?a! Aeaeeoue ?
aeaeeoue”, “?oae?enueea i?/ i?aee?aeanue”). ?icaeaath/e ii?nueeo oaio,
caii/aoeiaaio Aiia?ii, Ia?ae??i, A.Athai, A.Aaeia, Aeae.Aae?iiii,
I.Iooe?iii, A.I?oeeaae/ai, O.Oaa/aieii, Eanath Oe?a?ieith, I.Ieanue
/a?ac iiaoe/i? ia?ace oaee? ? ii?y aeineoue yne?aai ae?aaea? ?aeath
noanoaioe?eii? ?aeiino? aeooiaiiai aiaa ? na?oo ??ciiiai?oieo
iaoa??aeueieo aeya?a. C aiaeyiei iioieii iia’yco?oueny a?ae/oooy
aaciaaeaey, ieeiiino?, aeeiai?cio. *a?ac noeo?th aiaee iiao iaiaaa?oueny
caaaiooe caeiie ?ooo acaaae?, nain ethaenueeiai aoooy. Ca’ycie noeo??
aiaee ?c caieath a?aeaoaa?oueny /a?ac aeeoo?aeaeiee aeiu, aai /a?ac
oaee?.

O iiaoe/iiio na?o? I.Ieany aiaea a ??cieo ?? ?iioi?iao iaea?eueoa
aca?iiae?? ?c iia?o?yiith noeo??th. A oeaio?? oaaae ieooey neiaie?/ia
?aeiaiiy iia?o?yii? ? aiaeyii? noeo?? a?aeaoaa?oueny /a?ac iaeeaaeaiiy
??cieo ieiuei einiino. Aeey aeinyaiaiiy ea?oeie oe?e?niino? anana?oo
ienueiaiiee aeei?enoiao? i?oieiaaio aeca?eaea (“Iaai c ii?ai iaiyeiny”).

Neiaie aa?iii?eiiai ii?aeiaiiy caie? ? iia?o?y ? iaa?ae’?iiei aeaiaioii
eacee aeeooy, ciaeueiaaii? o iiac?yo I.Ieany. Noaoe/iee aeya iia?o?y o
oi?i? iaaa aeiiiaith?oueny aeeiai?/ieie ?iioi?iaie a?o?o, oia?, ye?
eiioaeoothoue ?c caieath aaciina?aaeiuei (a?oa?), /e iiina?aaeeiaaii
(oia?e /a?ac aeiu). Aaoi? iaeth? noeo?th iia?o?y aeoeaiith (?oei?aia
neea a?o?o), anthaeenouiith (ia caie? ? a iaaanao).

Iaeia ?c iniiaieo noeo?e i?oiieneaiiy iaaoaa? o oai?/ino? I.Ieany
aia?aaeaioiiai cia/aiiy: aiaiiue ye iineaiaoeue aiaeee, ye neiaie
naiiiiaea?oae, aeooiaiino?, ye ethaiaia i?eno?anoue oa ?i. Aiaiiue o
aeaeyae? niioey /e ?ioiai na?oeea (i?nyoey, ci??) ?nio? a iaei?e ieiuei?
?c iia?o?yi, aienoth/enue a iiiceoe?th na?oea ? oai?yae, ui ? iniiaith
aeiaiaiai oeeeeo a i?e?iae?.

O iiaoe/i?e ea?oei? na?oo, noai?ai?e I.Ieanai, ??ci? ieiueie na?oiaiai
i?inoi?o c’?aeiothoueny na?oiaith a?nnth. Caiey ? iaai, aa?o ? iec
iaiecothoueny ia aa?oeeaeue ?aeaeoae, aea?aaa /e ?ioi? ?ineeie, ai?e,
niiy/iiai i?iiaiy, i?ny/io no??/eo. Niiaeyaea? ? ieeueio? na?oiaee
ii?yaeie “anaaeaeyua? iei”.

Ethaeeia ona?aeiieth?oueny iiaoii ye aeaiaio einiiaii?/ii? noaie,
iaeaiueea i?ai?/ia /anoeia einiino, yea i?aaia aei??aiyoeny ? ceeoeny c
i?e?iaeith. Oeae ia?ic?eaiee ca’ycie ? aeii?iaioith o oai?/ino? I.Ieany.

I?aee?anethth/e oe?e?ni?noue na?oiaoaeiae ? i?e/aoi?noue iaeeie/ieo
?a/ae aei oeueiai na?oiaiai oe?eiai, nooi?noue yeiai aiaeanoaaiia, aaoi?
aeneiaeth? iaioa?noe/io ?aeath i?ciaiiy oe?eiai /a?ac iaeeie/ia ?
iaaiaee (ii?a — oaeey, aea?aai — eeno, anana?o — ethaeeia). Eiioeaioe?th
nooi?nii? ?aeiino? aiaa, na?oo ? ethaeeie iiao i?aeoaa?aeaeo? oacith
“Na?o a iai? ? a na?o? y”. Ca?aeii c aio?iiinio??th I.Ieany, ethaeeia ?
aia ciaoiaeyoueny a aeoaea o?ni?e aca?iiae?? ? aca?iicoiiaeaiino?: aia ?
aeooiaiei i?iia?acii ethaeeie, a ethaeeia — /ooo?ai-i?aaeiaoiei ia?acii,
iiaeiaith aiaa. Ethaeeia ? aeuei i?iyaii aiaeanoaaiii? noo?, aiia
i?noeoue o nia? aanue na?o, oiio nai? iieeeeaiiy iiao aaa/a? a
ini?aoaaii? i?e?iaee ye aeaea?aea iaooiaiiy, ye aeeaii? eacee, i???,
aeca?eaea, a yeiio a?aeia?aaea?oueny ethaenueea aeeooy ? /a?ac i?ecio
yeiai inieneth?oueny. Aeei?enoiaoth/e i?eeii ineoieia?/iiai ia?aeae?cio,
neiaie?/i? ia?ace, I.Ieanue iieaco? eiioe?eo aioo??oiueiai y (aeey
iieaco nai???aeiino? Ieanaaiai na?oini?eeiyooy e na?oia?aeoai?aiiy
cae?enith?ii oeiieia?/ia c?noaaeaiiy eiai iiac?? a i?ic? “Ia aei
i?naiue iai?” ? iiaaee I. Eioethaeinueeiai “Intermezzo”).

O oai?/ino? ienueiaiieea i?inoaaeo?oueny eaeaiaea?ia aaiethoe?y, ui ia?
aeoiee a einiiaii?/i?e noai? i?oiiiaoe/ieo o?aaeeoe?e. A?i iiaoeco?
aanio (“AEo?aae?”, “*a?e ii/?”, “Aania”, “I?nyoeue ea?oaiue”, “A?ica
i?eeoea”), e?oi (“Eina?”, “*a?aaiue”, “Einyoue eine”, “AEeoa
i?eaaaeoth”), in?iue (“In?iue-aie?aiiy”, “In?iiuei? ii/?”, “Cieio?
eenoee ce?oathoue”, “Ainaie”), ceio (“Niaea i?e?iaea i?ae a?eith
eiaae?ith”, “Ni?a a aath”). Aei oiai ae, ca eiaeiith ii?ith cae??ieaia
iaaia cia/aiiy.

Nai? ni?eeiyooy naino ethaenueeiai aoooy, eiai iniiaieo iiiaio?a
I.Ieanue aoaeo? ia a?ia?ieo iiiceoe?yo. Eiio?anoe aeanoea? iiac?yi
“Aeno?e”, “*a?e ii/?”, “Eiiaae?y”, “Aacnia?oieee” oa ?i.

Ia?nii?o?eaoe?? nee i?e?iaee, oieueeei?i? iioeae, ye? o?ainoi?iiaai? a
oiie? ithaine ethaenueeeo ii/ooo?a ? iano?i?a, ae?aeaeoeea ethaenueeiai
eioaiiy noai?ththoue iieioii e??e/ii? iiaie “Ui?ieo”.

Iaioa?noe/ia a??a o aeooiai?noue, aiaeanoaai?noue i?e?iaee, i?aaeiao?a ?
yaeu o I.Ieany ii?iaeaeo? ?o iaeooioai?aiiy ? ia?nii?o?eaoe?th. I?e?iaea
ye ?aeeia ci?iia noeo?y iaiiaith?oueny aiaaie. *a?ac canai?iiy
na?oiaeyaeieo ?aeae neia’yinueei? i?oieia?? o ienueiaiieea
a?aeaoaa?oueny o?ainoi?iaoe?y i?e?iaeieo yaeu a aio?iiiii?oi? aeyae ?o
ye yce/ieoeueeeo aia?a (ca??ea “Eiyaea Oe?a?ia”).

Oe?ea aaea?ay i?o?/ieo noai??iue c aeaaiuei? oe?a?inueei? i?oieia??
(E?niaea, E?niaee, e?nieoe?, *oaaenoa?, ?onaeea, Aiaeyiee, Iaaea)
aeaaaeaia o iiai? “Ia caeaieo ai?ao”. Oe? oa?iie/? aeooe Aooeoeueueie
ao?eththoue o nia? eini?/io aa?iii?th ? ceaaiaeo, i?eie?aiiy aeia?a ?
cea.

Oe?e?nii? aeiaa?oaiino? ia?ac Iaaee, ?onaeee iaaoaa? o oai?ao “I?/ ia
iieiiei?”, “Iaae Aei?i?ii”. Oieeath/e aeeaieiai ineoieia?/iiai aiae?co,
aaoi? ana ae iaaieioo? ia aeaiii?/i?e noo? oeeo ia?ac?a (?onaeea Ienaia
eee/a eioaiiai o aiaeo, Iaaea noa? i?e/eiith nia?o? Ia??/ee).

O ?icoi?ii? i?e?iaee ye aeuiai ?aeaaeo, /?oe?e einiiaii?/i?e noai?,
iaoaoi?ecaoe?? ? aio?iiiii?o?ci? i?e?iaeieo yaeu, o aeei?enoaii? ?yaeo
i?oieiaai, neiaie?a, i?eeiio ineoieia?/iiai ia?aeae?cio aeyaeeany
iaioa?noe/ia iniiaa iiaoeee I.Ieany.

?icae?e ??. O?aaeeoe?ei? nthaeaoe ? ia?ace o oai?/ino? I.Ieany. O
e?oa?aoo?ao ??cieo ia?iae?a ? ??cieo aiio iiaeia iii?oeoe iayai?noue
nthaeao?a ? ia?ac?a, ye? neeaaeathoue nai???aeiee no?eaeaiue
iaoe?iiaeueieo ? na?oiaeo e?oa?aoo?, a ?o ooieoe?iioaaiiy, ?noi?e/iee
?icaeoie ? o?ainoi?iaoe?y caaacia/othoue aacia?a?ai?noue niaaeei?iiino?
?icaeoeo eoeueoo? ia ?noi?e/ii iine?aeiaieo noaae?yo.

?noi??y aea/aiiy oaeiai nthaeaoii-ia?aciiai iaoa??aeo o?eaaea, i?ioa
? a no/aniiio e?oa?aoo?iciaanoa? ia eiai iicia/aiiy onoaeaiiai oa?i?ia
ia ?nio?. A/ai? ei?enoothoueny iacaaie: “na?oia? oeie”, “na?oia?
nthaeaoe” (I.Aa?eia, I.Ia/a?aiei), “a?/i? ia?ace”, “a?/i? oeie”
(I.Aanaeianueeee, I.Eaeonoiaa, A.Iao/aiei, I.Ineiiaa,), “iaa?no?aeuei?
nthaeaoe” (E.I?inueeee), “a?eia? ia?ace” (?.Ion?iia), “o?aaeeoe?ei?
nthaeaoe ? ia?ace” (A.Aieeia, A.Iyioeo).

Aiai?y/e i?i iaiaoeia?noue, iaoi/i?noue, a?ia?aie?/i?noue ?
aioe?noi?e/i?noue iaca “na?oia? oeie”, “na?oia? nthaeaoe”, “a?/i?
ia?ace”, “a?/i? oeie”, “iaa?no?aeuei? nthaeaoe”, “a?eia? ia?ace”,
A.Aieeia ia?oioiao? ia?aaaae oa?i?ia “o?aaeeoe?ei? nthaeaoe ? ia?ace”.
Ca eiai aecia/aiiyi, “o?aaeeoe?eiei” o?aaa aaaaeaoe nthaeao (ia?ac,
iioea), yeee ia?aoiaeeoue a?ae iieie?iiy aei iieie?iiy, a?ae iaei???
e?oa?aoo?ii? aeiae aei ?ioi? (?ioeo), oiaoi oaeee, yeee caa??aa?oueny ?
aeoeaii ooieoe?iio? i?ioyaii cia/iiai ?noi?e/iiai /ano Aieeia A.
O?aaeeoe?ei? nthaeaoe ? ia?ace (aeaye? ieoaiiy oai???) / Ieoaiiy
e?oa?aoo?iciaanoaa. O?aaeeoe?ei? nthaeaoe ? ia?ace: Iaoe. ca. Aei.1. —
*a?i?aoe?,1995. — N.7..

Aeey oe?a?inueeeo ienueiaiiee?a o?aaeeoe?ei? nthaeaoe ? ia?ace aoee oei
?oioii, ia yeiio ?ic?iaeyeeny aeooaeuei? noni?euei? i?iaeaie. Ia?iaeith
nthaeao?a ? ia?ac?a ieioeeo aiio caeiaeeny O.Oaa/aiei, Eany Oe?a?iea,
I.Eioethaeinueeee oa ?i. I.Ieanue oaae aeei?enoiaoaaa o?aaeeoe?ei?
nthaeaoe oa ia?ace ? a?aeiia?aeii aei naiai na?oiaa/aiiy iiaeeo?eoaaa ?
o?ainoi?ioaaa ?o.

Iiaee o?einionueei-neiaie?/iee ci?no ? aino?a ni?eeiyooy ieioeiai c
oi/ee ci?o no/aniino? aeeaaea? a?i a ia?ace ioce, aeie?, ?nona O?enoa oa
?i. ?o ni?eeiyooy ? ia?ainieneaiiy ienueiaiieeii a?aeaoaa?oueny
a?aeiia?aeii aei i?ia?aeieo oaiaeaioe?e ?icaeoeo na?oiai? eoeueoo?e e.
O?O — i. OO no. Iaeoe?oa o oai?/ino? I.Ieany i?aaenoaaeai? a?ae?ei? e
aioe/i? nthaeaoe oa ia?ace, ui acaaae? aoei oa?aeoa?iei aeey
?a?iiaenueei? eoeueoo?ii? nenoaie.

O?aaeeoe?ei? nthaeaoe ? ia?ace o oai?/iio aei?iaeo I.Ieany
ooieoe?iiothoue ia ??ai? a?oaoei?a (i?i?ie, aeooiai? ia?oe?, ?ae,
iaeei), i?oieiaai (?o?ie, aei?iae, iieiio), o?ainoi?iiaaieo ia?ac?a
(?non O?enoin). O ooaeiaei?e oeaiei? oai??a ienueiaiieea aeaai?
i?oieia?/i? oyaeaiiy neioacothoueny, oea i?inoaaeo?oueny ia i?eeeaae?
ia?ac?a aeie?, oi?ooie, ioce, iiaiaee?y.

O na?oiaeyaei?e nenoai? I.Ieany iii?oia i?noea caeia? eiai aa/aiiy
aeie?. Aaoi?nueea ?icoi?iiy aeie? aieeaa? ia aeaoaeoaaiiy nthaeao?a,
oi?ioaaiiy ia?ac?a ? neiaiaaeeaaiiy, neioacoth/enue o aeineoue ci?noiaio
i?oieiaaio aeie?. I?oieiaaia aeie? o ieooey ??ciiieaiiaa ia eeoa ca
iii?iaoe??th (aeiey, aaaa-aeiey, Oi?ooia, Ia?ee), iniiaith (aioe/ia ?
neia’yinueea i?oieia?y), a ? ooieoe?yie. O ieiuei? ooaeiaei?o oai??a
ienueiaiieea iiaeia aeae?eeoe o?e ooieoe?iiaeuei? ??ciiaeaee aeie?:
aeiey, yeo o?aaa ciaeoe /e caneoaeeoe (“E.I.I.”, “Eiee aania ?iaeaaa
i?eeaoeoue”, “Eiee eoia? ni?o ? i?niy”), aeiey ye aea?aa (“Oi?ooia”),
aeiey, io?eiaia aiane?aeie ?iciiae?eo (“Ceioia ieoea”).

?ic?iaeyth/e i?iaeaio neoae?iiy ia?iaeia? /a?ac ienoaoeoai, I.Ieanue
aeei?enoiao? ia?ac Ioce, yea caeeaeo?oueny c ia?acii aeie? (“Ia iea/, i
Ioci, ia o?oi?!”), neioaco? o nia? ooieoe?? noaeae?, ii?aaeieoe? ?
ni?aoieoe? “Ia a?? iai?, ioci! ss ae?oa oa?e iia?e!”. O i?ioenoaaeaii?
naiiiiaea?oae aiaei? ? c?aaee ieooey iayaia iiceoe?y aaoi?a, ui ?
iiey?iith aei iioeao c?aaeeeaino? ioce, yeee ?ic?iaeya ?.O?aiei.

Aeei?enoaiiy oe?ieiai aeaiae?ieia?/iiai ieanoo a ooaeiaei?e nenoai?
ienueiaiieea na?ae/eoue i?i aeeaeii? i?oiiiaoe/i? aeoiee. Iniaeeai
aeae?ey?oueny aaoi?nueea ?ioa?i?aoaoe?y i?oo i?i Ia?oeena, aea e??ee
iaiaaa?oueny inieneeoe a?/io oaio ia?icae?eaiiai eioaiiy. Nooi?noue
ia?aco aioe/iiai Ia?oeena o?ainoi?io?oueny ? caiaeeoueny aei iioeao
no?aaeaeaiue, nia?o? a?ae ethaia? aei ?ioeo. Aaoi? a?aeeeaea?
cia/ei?noue ciai?oiuei? i?eaaaeeaino? i?o?/iiai ia?niiaaea, a iaoii?noue
iaae?ey? eiai caeaoi?noth aei iaeeiai ii/oooy (“Ia?oeen caeioaiee a
e?eath…”, “Ie a naaeo ?inea o?iyiaea”).

Aeey inieneaiiy caaaeueiiethaenueeeo oe?iiinoae iiao aeei?enoiao?
a?ae?eiee nthaeaoii-ia?aciee iaoa??ae. Neeaaeia ? noia?a/eeaa aeiey
Aaouee?aueie — Oe?a?ie ?icaeyaea?oueny /a?ac ia?aeaeue i?ae aeieath
oe?a?inueeiai ? ?a?aenueeiai ia?iae?a. A?aeooeoth/e o i?oia?, cie?aia
a?ae?eiiio, na?oiaeyaeio ioae??noue /ano, iiao i?aaioa ona?aeiieoe
aeeaeio ? i?e?iaeo ooaeiaeiuei? ia?aciino? a?ae?eii? i?oieia??, aaa/aa o
oeeo i?oao caaaeueiiethaenueea, ae?aio ethaenoaa. O ooaeiaeiueiio
i?inoi?? I.Ieany iien no/aniiai caaaa/o?oueny aeaoaeeth, iioeaii,
ia?acii, acyoei ?c a?ae?eii? i?oieia??.

Aieiai? a?ae?ei? ia?ace ?ath ? iaeea — iie?oii?/i?. A?oaoei ?ath
aeyaey?oueny ye aa?iii?y o i?e?iae?, ye iiiaeaia ethaenueea noni?euenoai
c iaiaiaaeaiith naiaiaeith. I?iia?acii ?ath ? naae, yeee o ?icoi?ii?
iiaoa o?ainoi?io?oueny o aae. A?oaoei ?ath, noiniaii ia?ac?a aeaa,
aoeueaa?eco?oueny ? o?ainoi?io?oueny o aieioi (“A aieio? aeaae ?ae
ciaeoee”).

Aeecueeei aei caiiiai ?ath aeyaey?oueny iaeei, ui iaaoaa? ae?aciiai
nioe?aeueiiai caaa?aeaiiy. Oea ia yeanue oaioanoe/ia i?noea ioe iica
/anii, a ?aaeueia i?noea a ?noi?e/iiio /an? — Oe?a?ia. Ie?aiei aeyaii
a?oaoeio iaeea o iiac?? I.Ieany ? aaceaaeaey o i?e?iaeiiio na?aaeiaeu?,
ii?ooaiiy aa?iii??, noeo?y ?oei?aii? neee.

A?oaoei iaeea eiie?aoeco?oueny i?oieiaaiaie iieiio ? ?o?ie. Aei I.Ieany
a oe?a?inuee?e e?oa?aoo?? oeth oaio ?icai?oaee O.Oaa/aiei, Eany Oe?a?iea
oa ?i. Oa?aeoa?iei aeey iiac?? I.Ieany ? iioea a?aenooiino? aeai?o, ooo
ia? i?noea eeoa inieneaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii? o?aaaae??.

Uia aeacaoe oeyo aei aecaieaiiy c iaaie? ienueiaiiee caa?oa?oueny aei
ia?aco a?ae?eiiai Iienay. A oe?a?inuee?e e?oa?aoo?? oeiieia?/iee ?yae
iinoao? Iienay neeaaeathoue oai?e: “I?i?ie” I.I/?eee, “Iienae aacoiiee”
I.Aieoaoey, “O ionoei?” Ean? Oe?a?iee, “Iienae” ?.O?aiea oa ?i.

Ia?ac Iienay a I.Ieany neeaaea?oueny ?c ie?aieo o?aaiaio?a, aieaoaieo o
oeaieio ??cieo iiac?e. C iaoith aicaaee/aiiy ethaenueei? aea?oiaiino?,
naiia?aeaeaiino? ? iao??ioecio oey iinoaoue aeei?enoiao?oueny ye neiaie
ai?ioueae ca naiaiaeo (“Ooi caa??a ethaia aei e?ath”). Aeei?enoaiee
aaoi?ii o oai?aii? oeueiai ia?aco i?eeii /aniai? ia?niaeoeae i?aeiineoue
eiai aei ??aiy na?oiaiai, caaaeueiiethaenueeiai.

Aiie?eo?/ia ia/aei iayaia o inieneaii? aaoi?ii oaie aeie ethaeeie a
onueiio (“Iea/ Aaeaia”). Iieacoth/e ineoieia?th eayooy ia?oiai a??oieea,
ienueiaiiee aeeaaea? a ?yaeee iiaoe/ii? iieeoae iioea iaae?? ia
i?iuaiiy.

Ineoieia?/i? iioeae eaaeaoue a iniia? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? aaaaoueio a?ae?eieo
iiia?aeaiue, cie?aia, eaaaiaee i?i Ea?ia ? Aaaey. Oe?eeii i?ea?iaeueiith
? aaoi?nueea oeoia/aiiy o?aaeeoe?eieo iiiyoue aeie ? ea?e, ye?
aacothoueny ia i?ieeyoo? a?aoiaaeaoe?. Ioioiaeiaiiy Ea?ia ? Aaaey c?
noaiii ethaeeie (ni?o ? iea/) ia? ineoieia?/ia iioeaoaaiiy. Ie?ai? ?ene
aaeeeiai a??oieea ia?aianai? I.Ieanai ia ca??iee ia?ac
ia?iaeo-iiiaaiethaa/a (“Ni??oueny ooinue, ieth? iai a ?aie”). A?oaoei
a?aoiaaeaoe? ?icoe?th?oueny iioeaii iino?eieo oi?oo? ? ioe, ui
aeieeaathoue ?c neioaciaaiiai ia?aco Ea?ia ? THaee. Oaea niaaeeia?noue
i?inoaaeo?oueny a oa?aeoa?ao ia?niiaae?a i’?ne “Ea?i. Oai”.

Iiaoe/iee na?o I.Ieany yaey? niaith i?eeeaae inieneaiiy a?ae?eieo i?o?a
o aeon? aa?i?ee ?aaiethoe?eii? ai?ioueae. Oaia iao??ioecio, aecaieaiiy
c-i?ae ai?oo ae??oo?oueny aaoi?ii ca aeiiiiiaith ia?aco Nainiia, yeee
neiaie?co? niaith iaceaii?noue aeooo ? naiiiiaea?oao.

I.Ieanue canai?a iiooaeio iioei?noe/i?noue inaei?a Aeaaeaea, ye?, ye
a?aeiii, ia?aeacaa O.Oaa/aiei. Iioeae 137 inaeia a?i inieneth? o
eiioaeno? oaie aeaiaiiy — aeia?ia?eueii-aeiooaii? ?iceoee c Oe?a?iith.

Oeaio?aeueia ?aaiaaeuenueea iinoaoue — ?non O?enoin ?nio? ii?yae ?c
neiaieii o?anoa ye a?/iiai i?ieeyooy. ?non iana iiaee niene, yeee iiaeia
inyaiooe eeoa /a?ac eiai o?aa?/i?noue, /a?ac iicaaaeaiiy nai?? oiiaiino?
oeae neiaie iaaoaa? ci?noo aa?i?/ii-aea?oiaii? iniaenoino?, yea caeaoia
a?aeaeaoe nai? aeeooy ca?aaee uanoy ia?iaeo (“O?enoin ia?iaeeanue ia a
oi?iiao”). ?aeo/e ca ia?aeacaie iiia?aeaiue i?i O?enoa, I.Ieanue o
i?o?/ieo ea?oeiao ia?iaeaeaiiy a eioa??, i?ea?oaiiy iiaiia?iaeaeaiiai
?eaaeeaie, ?ici’yooy, ae?oaiai i?eoiaeo ia caieth, a ia?acao ia?oeo
o/i?a Neia Aiaeiai i?aaia c iaeneiaeueiith aeinoia??i?noth a?aeoai?eoe
aeaai?e i?o. Ia?ac ?nona O?enoa, yeee aicaaee/o?oueny ? iiaoeco?oueny
aaoi?ii, cia?aaeo?oueny ia eeoa no?aaeaeaeueoeai ca na?e ia?iae, a e
ai?oeai c? na?oiaei ceii.

C iinoaooth ?nona O?enoa o?nii iia’ycaia i?oieiaaia aei?iae, yea iaaoaa?
??cieo aia?aaeaioieo cia/aiue. Oea — aeeoo?aee oeyo, oeyo aei iaoe,
caeeaeaiiy i?ae o/eoaeai ? o/iyie, i?inoi?iaa a?nue. O ?icoi?ii? I.Ieany
aei?iaa — aeineoue i?noea iiiyooy, aiii ia’?aeio? eii?aeeiaoe /ano ?
i?inoi?o.

Ia?ac ?nona O?enoa ia’?aeio? ?yae iioea?a: eiai i?ina?oeoaeuenea i?n?y,
iioea /oaean, iioea ?ici’yooy ? aine?an?iiy oa ?i. O?enoin ?
aeineiiae?oei i?iaeiaaeaiiyi e?i?? Iienay.

Aeiey i?i?iea, aca?ieie aa?iy ? th?ae nai???aeii ?ic?iaeai? a aothae?
“Ii aei?ic? a Eaceo”. I?ea?iaeuei?noue oeiiaiai ia?niiaaea aecia/a?oueny
ieceith e??e/ieo ?en, yeeie a?i iaae?eaiee, ?aaeuei?noth iinoaaeaii?
iaoe — ia i?eeoe aei Eacee, a caiaeeoe iaae?th o ethaeae ia iiaeeea?noue
oeueiai i?eoiaeo. Aei?iao aei iaoe neiaie?cothoue ea?oee iaeo.

O eiioaeno? oaie i?i?ie — th?aa aaoi?ii ?icaeyaea?oueny iioea
no?aaeaeaiue, ui anioe?ththoueny c a?ae?eiith Aieaioith, aai
i?oieiaaiith ?o?ie. Caa?oath/enue aei ??cieo ia??iae?a ?noi??? Oe?a?ie,
ienueiaiieee (O.Oaa/aiei, I.Eoe?o, Eany Oe?a?iea, A.Nai?eeaiei) eiaeai
ii-nai?io i?i/eoo? i?oieiaaio ?o?ie. O iiaoe/i?e oya? I.Ieany a?ae?eia
?o?ia anioe?th?oueny, ianaiia?aae, ?c no/aniei ??aeiiai e?ath. A
oe?a?inueeiio eiioaeno? ?o?ia ni?eeia?oueny ye a?oio, ii/aoie
iaoe?iiaeueiiai a?ae?iaeaeaiiy. Aeyaaie oeueiai ia?aco ? ao?y, in?iiy
ii?a, c?oeiiaaia inaey, ?icaeoa na?oea. Ii?yae ?c cia?aaeaiiyi ?o?ie ye
o?aa?/ii? aeie? naiai ia?iaeo ienueiaiiee aeaiaeeoue ineoieia?/iee
a?oaoei aeooiaieo ia?oe?a (“Ia?oe?”, “Aiai?eo ?i…”).

O aeiaaeueia yaeua oieiaeiiai, aaeaeoaeiai niiaeyaeaiiy ? aei?noiei?
i?e/aoiino? o?ainoi?iiaaii a?ae?eiee ia?ac I?eaoa, ui ?nio? ye
ii?aeueiee aioeiiae O?enoa. Eiai ooieoe?? cia/ii ?icoe?ai?, oeae ia?ac
ioioiaeith?oueny ?c na?oiaei ceii ? ii?aeueiei caiaiaaeii.

O ooaeiaeiueiio na?o? ienueiaiieea ia?aieaeeny, noaee no?eaeiaaeie
nthaeaoe e ia?ace aioe/iino? ? o?enoeyinoaa. I?iaeiaaeoth/e iiooee
O.Oaa/aiea, ?.O?aiea, Ean? Oe?a?iee, I.Eioethaeinueeiai, ienueiaiiee o
?ica’ycaii? aeiaaeueieo i?iaeai ethaenoaa i?aai?/ii canaith?
o?aaeeoe?eiee nthaeaoii-ia?aciee iaoa??ae oa ?ioa?i?aoo? eiai
a?aeiia?aeii aei i?ia?aeieo oaiaeaioe?e na?oiai? e?oa?aoo?e OO noie?ooy.

?icae?e 3. AEai? ? noeeue ye aeya i?oioai?/ino? I.Ieany. O eiioaeno?
aeine?aeaeaiiy i?oiiiaoeee oai?/ino? I.Ieany ieoaiiy aiae?co
aeai?iai-noeeueiaeo iniaeeainoae ? nooo?aei ? oiio — iaiao?aeiei.
?icaeyae aeai?iaeo iiaeeo?eaoe?e ni?eueii? oaiaoeee aea? iiaeeea?noue
aa/aiiy oai?/i? aaiethoe?? ienueiaiieea, aeyaeaiiy aeeaeiii? noo? eiai
oai?/ino?.

Oai?aoe/ia ia?oiooaaiiy ?aeeii? aeai?iai-noeeueiai? nenoaie c?iaeaii o
?iaioao I.A??oiaia, A.Anaeiae, I.Eaeaea?iaia, A.Iini?eiaa, I.Nieieiaa,
E.Oeiio??aa oa ?i.

AEai?iai-noeeueiaa nenoaia oai??a I.Ieany aeineoue ??ciiiai?oia. sseui
i?iaeaia ae?aiaoe/ieo aeai??a ienueiaiieea ?ic?iaeaia a no/aniiio
e?oa?aoo?iciaanoa? (E.Aeai’yi?anueea, E.Ii?ic, I.Ie?eiee, ?.Ia?oiiee oa
?i.), oi iiaoe/i? ? i?icia? aeai?e o oai?/ino? ieooey ia aeine?aeaeai?.

Ei?enooth/enue eeaneo?eaoe??th A.Iini?eiaa, I.Aiiaea?y, o oai?/iio
aei?iaeo I.Ieany iiaeia aeae?eeoe aeai?ia? iiaeone
iaaeeoaoeaii-?iciia?aeii?, iaaeeoaoeaii-iieniai? ?
iaaeeoaoeaii-cia?aaeaeueii? e??eee, ye? noaee aeyaeaiiyi eiai
i?oiiiaoeee.

Ia oa, ui aeai?ia? iciaee aoee nooo?aeie aeey oai?/i?
?iaeea?aeoaeueiino? I.Ieany, aeaco? aeei?enoaia iei o?aaeeoe?y
aaoi?nueeeo aeai?iaeo aecia/aiue. A?i iaceaa? nai? oai?e i?niyie
(“AEae?aia i?niy”, “Iaae eieeneith (i?niy iaoa??)”, “Ia /oaeei?
(i?niy)”, “THiaoeueea i?niy”, “I?niy naeyi”, “Iaeiaa i?niy”), aeoiaie
(“Ae?ai/a aeiey”, “Aeoia”), aaeaaeaie (“Aaeaaea”), aaeeith (“No/ania
aaeea”), ?iiainii (“?iiain”), aothaeii (“I?niy ne?ieo (Aothae)”, “Ii
aei?ic? a Eaceo”, “THi?noue”, “I?ny/ia i?niy”) oa ?i.

I?ia?aeia i?noea a iaioa?noe/i?e e??eoe? I.Ieany iaeaaeeoue iaecaaeo,
yeee i?inoaaeo?oueny o oai?/ino? ienueiaiieea ??cieo ia??iae?a. Oe?
iaecaae? ?ic??ciythoueny ca ??/iei ? aeiaiaei oeeeeaie, ca oa?aeoa?ii
cia?aaeoaaiiai eaiaeoaooo (e?nia?, noaiia?, ii?nuee?, a??nuee?), ca
aeai?iaith ie?ai?oi?noth (ye naiino?eiee aeai? ? ye ae?aieaiiy a ?io?
aeai?ia? ooai?aiiy), ca aeeiai?eith (noaoe/i? ? aeeiai?/i?).

“Aioieia?/ia e??eea” iiaoa aeeth/a? oai?e ai?iae?noe/ii? oa ieaioaoeaii?
oaiaoeee (“A aieio? aeaae ?ae ciaeoee”, “?noue aeeai? e?ea?…”,
“?ice?eaathoueny a?e? aaaii??”, “Ia aa??oue ?c caeaiiai eoao aa?ae” oa
?i.). Iien ca??a, ioaoa, ?ineeie /e aea?aaa oa?aeoa?eco?oueny cia/iith
aio?iiiii?oi?noth ? neiaie?/iei oiniaeaiiyi.

Iaeiiai?oa ? iae/?oe?oa ie?aneaiee aeai? o a?oi? iaaeeoaoeaii-iieniai?
e??eee I.Ieany — ii?o?ao. A?i aeei?enoiao?oueny aaoi?ii ye can?a
oa?aeoa?ioai?aiiy, oei?caoe?? oa ?iaeea?aeoae?caoe?? ia?niiaae?a. Aei
oai??a oeueiai aeai?o iiaeia a?aeianoe “Einyoue eine”, “Oi?ooia”, “Ia
aoeeoe? i?ae iainueeith th?aith”, “Ne??oea”, “Aiia i?eoiaea…”.

Oai?e iaaeeoaoeaii-?iciia?aeii? a?oie ?ai?acaioiaai? a I.Ieany aeai?aie
i?naiii?, ?iiainiai? e??eee, niiaoo, aeaa??, iiaoe/iiai iai?oanoo,
eoeueoiaeie aeai?aie oa ?i. Iiioey?i?noue i?naiieo aeai??a o eiai
aei?iaeo coiiaeaia niaoeeo?/iith no?io?/iith aoaeiaith, ?eoi?eith,
ioce/i?noth cao/aiiy.

Aaaaoia?aiia i?iaeaia “neiai ? ioceea” iaee?aua ?aae?ciaaia aaoi?ii o
aeaiye?e ioceeaeueii-iiaoe/i?e i?e?iae? ?iiaino. ?iiaine I.Ieany
aeeiiothoue nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/io ? anoaoe/io ooieoe?th aooe i?niath
i?i eioaiiy. Oai?ai oeueiai aeai?o aeanoeaa iayai?noue iaeaciaeo oi?i,
iiiceoe?y /aniaeo eaoaai??e, a?aeeeaeaiiy iai’yo?, yea ca’yco? aaeeeee ?
?iiainiaee na?o oa ?i. ?ioeiiee einiin iaaoaa? cia/aiiy
anacaiiaithth/iai ? naiiaeinoaoiueiai anana?oo (“C?aaeeea oa, ui
ethaeea”, “Oie, eiai ?icethaa ieea”, “Oae, ye Aeaioa ethaea Aaao??/a”,
“I?eeaee, i?eeaee”).

Iiao, ui ia ii/aoeo naiai oai?/iai oeyoo iaieinea iniiaieie iano?iyie
aeanii? e??eee ?aae?noue ? aeo?ao, /anoi caa?oaany aei aeai?o aeaa??
(“O?eath a?ae e?ia? aei niioey, ea?oie”, “Eiee ae iaae iaie c?eaea
niioea”, “Iaae?? an? iioiaai? oiaith” oa ?i). Aeei?enoaiiy oeueiai
aeai?iaiai iiaeono aoei i?e?iaeiei aeey ae?aaeaiiy ooae ca
Aaouee?aueiith, aaie?aaiue ca o?aa?/io aeieth naiai ia?iaeo. A aeaa?eieo
oai?ao iiaoa iayaia ?aeaeii-anoaoe/ia ioe?iea ae?eniino?, ui na?ae/eoue
i?i eiai aeoeaio a?iiaaeyinueeo iiceoe?th.

C?aceii aeai?o aeania iaaeeoaoe?? noaea iiac?y I.Ieany “sse aeeoe
oi/aoueny”. Aei iiac?e, o yeeo iio?e na?aeiiino? ni?yiiao?oueny
i?aaiaiiyi ?ic?a?aoeny o nia?, o ethaeyo, o yeiionue aeeoo?aiio yaeu?,
iiaeia a?aeianoe “Iaooiaiiy /an — oi /an nayoee!”, “Iiaeeeai y aeeao
oaea a?ee”, “sse ethai, ye aaciaaeii ethai aeeoe”, “A noaio” oa ?i. O
oeeo oai?ao, nea?iaaieo ana?aaeeio inienethaaiiai yaeua, aaoi?
aeei?enoiao? noai iieueioo, ineoieia?/iee ia?aeae?ci.

O ooaeiaeiueiio i?inoi?? I.Ieany ? /eiaei iiac?e, i?enay/aieo
a?iiaaenueeei ae?y/ai, ienueiaiieeai, aeoi?ai: Ae.A?oianueeiio,
I.Ai?iiiio, A.A??i/aieo, I.Caiueeiaaoeuee?e, I.Eiaeeyinuee?e,
Ae.Ia?eiae/o, A.Nai?eeaieo, ?.O?aieo, O.Oaa/aieo. Aeaye? c ieo (“Iaae
iiaeeith Eioethaeinueeiai” ? “Iai’yo? I.Eioethaeinueeiai”) i?noyoue on?
aeai?ioai?/? iciaee iiieiaeueieea.

Iaeae?aci?oeie na?aae ooaeiaeiuei? i?ice ienueiaiieea ? oai?e c
iaoeiiaith aeey iiia?aaeiueiai ?icaeoeo e?oa?aoo?e oi?iith — e??e/i?
i?i?aoth?e. Oe? oai?e a?ae??ciythoueny iaaaeeeei ?ici??ii, a?aie/iith
eiioeaio?aoe??th aeeoo?aiai iaoa??aeo, o?einio?/i?noth e aoi?enoe/i?noth
(“Aiie”, “Nii”, “Ia aei i?naiue iai?: o?aioyoue ia a?yo neueice”,
“Iiaia??”, “?io?iaeoeoe?y” oa ?i.).

O ae?aiaoo?a?? I.Ieany, ia aeoieo aaaaoueio aeine?aeiee?a, iaeiiai?oa
aeyaeany neiaie?ci, yeee ia aoa i?inoei iane?aeoaaiiyi
cao?aeii?a?iiaenueeiai, a ii?aeioaaany ?c “o?aaeeoe?eiith o?einio??th
na?oey”.

Nai???aei?noue noeeth ooaeiaeieea aecia/a?oueny canoinoaaiiyi
noa’?eoeaii-e??e/ii? oei?caoe??, ia?iaeith oe?a?inueeiai oieueeei?o oa
i?oieia??. AEai?iai-noeeueiaa niaoeeo?ea oai?/ino? I.Ieany noaea
ooaeiaei?i aeyaii i?oiiiaoeee ieooey, eiai i?oioai?/ino?, aeaoaeoaaii?
iei iiaoe/ii? iiaeae? ? ea?oeie na?oo.

O aeniiaeao ocaaaeueiaii ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Oai?/?noue I.Ieany yaey? niaith iaaiee aoai ?ioaeaeooae?caoe?? iiaoe/ii?
aeoiee a Oe?a?i? ia ii/aoeo OO noie?ooy. I?iieeiaiiy o o?einionueeee ?
anoaoe/iee eiioaeno eiai ooaeiaeiuei? niaaeueie aeyaeei ca’ycie ?? c
ieanoaie na?oiai? eoeueoo?e.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy aei?iaeo ienueiaiieea i?iaiaeeeiny a aniaeo? i?oiiiaoeee,
aeyaeaiiy ?? nai???aeiino? o ?aoeaioe?? na?oiai? ia?iaeii? anoaoeee,
??cieo oi?i a?oa?/iiai ieneaiiy . Oea aeaei ciiao noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui
oai?/a nenoaia I.Ieany aa?a?aea a naaa ooaeiaei?e aeina?ae, ?ae?a?ei?,
iaoeia?, aeooiai? oe?iiino?, ?io? eiioaenoe ethaenueei? eoeueoo?ei ? ?
iiaaoi?nueeei neiaii o iiaea?i?e e???oa?aoo?? OO no..

Caoiieaiiy neia’yinueeith i?oieia??th, aea/aiiy a??oaaiue ? cae/a?a
?ioeo ia?iae?a, ia?ciai?noue ?c o?einio??th iaioa?cio ni?eyee
oi?ioaaiith a I.Ieany iaioa?noe/iiai na?oiaeyaeo, yeee noaa iniiaith
iiaoeee ieooey.

Iaioa?ci ienueiaiieea aeyaeany ia ??cieo ??aiyo: oaiaoe/iiio, ia?aciiio,
nthaeaoiiio, aeai?iaiio.

O iiaoe/iiio einiin? ooaeiaeieea ?niothoue ? aca?iiae?thoue a?oa?/i?
i?oieiaaie, ye? ii?aeiothoueny c o?ainoi?iiaaieie /anii i?oino?oeoo?aie
? i?oieia?/ieie iioeaaie. I?ioinoeo?? aoooy ?aae?ciaai? aaoi?ii o
iie?ooieoe?iiaeueieo i?oieiaaiao. Aeey ieooey oa?aeoa?i? e ?io? i?iyae
i?oiiiaoe/ii? ia?aciino?: i?inoi?iai-/ania?, i?e?iaei?,
nioe?ieoeueoo?i?. O ooaeiaeiueiio i?inoi?? ienueiaiieea iayaiee o?niee
aca?iica’ycie nioe?oio ? i?e?iaeiiai na?aaeiaeua, ye? ?icaeaathoueny ca
iaeiaeiaeie caeiiaie.

Iaeiae i?e?iaea ia ? anaiiaeeiath/ith o ooaeiaeiueiio na?o? I.Ieany.
O?aa?/i? noi??iee ?noi??? naiai ia?iaeo coiiaeee iayai?noue
aiieae?ioe/ieo iioea?a o eiai oai?/ino?, ye? iaeyne?aa?oa ciaeueiaai?
/a?ac oaie aieiaeo, nia?o?, iaaie?.

?iaey/e ethaeeio oeaio?ii einiiaii?/ii? noaie, I.Ieanue ia’?aeio?
ethaeeio, i?e?iaeo ? Aiaa. Aiaeanoaaiia c ethaeei? ciaeueiaaia /a?ac
oaeaio, iaooiaiiy, aeecuee?noue aei i?e?iaee. Iaoii?noue, yce/ieoeuee?
aiaeanoaa ? aeaiiie, ui ? aio?iiiii?oieie aeyaaie i?e?iaeieo ?aae?e,
cia?aaeai? ye ethaenuee? ?noioe. Aei oiai ae, aeu? aiaeanoaa
neia’yinueeiai iaioaiio (Ia?oi, Aeaaeaia, Aiein) caa??aathoue
o?aaeeoe?eio ?ioa?i?aoaoe?th, ieae/? ae cacithoue cia/ii? o?ainoi?iaoe??
oa iiaeeo?eaoe?? (*i?o, *oaaenoa?, Iaaea, ?onaeea).

Ca ooieoe?yie o ooaeiaeiueiio i?inoi?? ienueiaiieea o?aaeeoe?ei?
i?oieia?/i? nthaeaoe ? ia?ace iiaeia oiiaii iiae?eeoe ia: a?oaoeie (
i?i?ie, aeooiai? ia?oe?, ?ae, iaeei), i?oieiaaie (?o?ia, aei?iaa, iieii,
aeiey), o?ainoi?iiaai? ia?ace ? neiaiee (?non O?enoin, Aieaioa),
aeaai?e/i? ia?ace (aeaae, i?ae).

A oe?a?inuee?e e?oa?aoo?? ia iaae? noie?oue ia?aaaaeaee oeie oai?/ino?.
ye? a?ae??ciyeeny ???aoe?iiaeueii-/ooo?aei inieneaiiyi ae?eniino? ?
naiiai ienoaoeoaa. sse i?iaeiaaeaiiy a?o/eciyii? ?ae?a?eii-ienoaoeueei?
o?aaeeoe?? (A.Neiai?iaea, O.Oaa/aiei, ?.O?aiei) c’yaeythoueny
i?ea?iaeuei? iiaoe/i? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? a?ae?eiiai iaoa??aeo
A.Aeaenaiae?iaei, A.Uo?aoii, I.Ieanai oa ?i.

Oaia ?aanoaa, iaaie?, inieneaia aaoi?ii /a?ac ?aeiaonueeee ?
Aaa?eiinueeee iieii, ? iane??ciith o eiai oai?/ino? (“AEeooy o an?e
nai?e e?an?..”, “Ia?iaeo-no?aaeieeo”). I?iaeaia iieiio iieacaia I.Ieanai
/a?ac i?ecio aeooaaieo ioe ai?a?aioa, /a?ac aeania aeeooy o aeaiaii?,
yea ioioiaeith?oueny ?c noaiiaeuai aeaiaioey-?aaa.

Ineoieia?y ?aanoaa, c?aaeieoeoaa ? i?aenooiieoeoaa neioaciaaia
ienueiaiieeii a ia?acao Ea?ia, I?eaoa (“Aii/?”, “Ni??oueny ooinue, ieth?
iai a ?aie”, “Ni?o ? iea/ — aeaa ??aei? a?aoe…”, “Aiey”). A?oaoei
a?aoiaaeaoe? ?c neiaieo c?aaee ? aei?noieino? o?ainoi?io?oueny I.Ieanai
o neiaie iino?eieo ioe ? oi?oo?.

C iaoith aicaaee/aiiy ethaenueei? aea?oiaiino?, naiia?aeaeaiino? ?
iao??ioecio iiao caa?oa?oueny aei ia?aco i?i?iea, i?iia?acii yeiai a?i
iae?a? a?ae?eiiai Iienay.

Aaee/i?oei i?iaeiaaeaiiyi e?i?? Iienay o oai?/ino? I.Ieany ? ?non
O?enoin. Oeae ia?ac ao?eth? o nia? aeaea?aei eieaeoeaii? na?aeiiino?,
nea?iaaia ia aea?eueiaiiy c ?aanoaa. O?enoin aaea ia i?inoi iiaiaee?,
ea?iaaiee aeuei ?icoiii, a iiaooiy neea, caeaoia caoenoeoe na?e ia?iae.

Aeiey i?i?iea ?ic?iaey?oueny I.Ieanai ? o eiioaeno? “th?aa ? i?i?ie”
(“Ii aei?ic? a eaceo”). Nthaeaoieie aiaeia?yie aei oai?o ?: “Noa?a
?ca?a?eue” I.Ai?ueeiai, “Iienae” ?.O?aiea, “Iaea?aeeia” Ean? Oe?a?iee.
Iniaeea?noue Ieanaai? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? iieyaa? o iiaiiio ianei?ci?.
Aoaeue-yeee ceao cae?i/o?oueny iaae?iiyi, a th?aa iinoa? iaeaeiith o
nai?e aacaeooiaiino?, aei?noieino?. Noaieiniei iaoiaio o oai?ao I.Ieany
? ineoieia?ciaaiee a?oaoei aeooiaieo ia?oe?a (“Ia?oe?”, “Aiai?eo
?i…”).

Ia?aieaoaiiy eoeueoo?e aeaai?o ?a?a?a c eoeueoo?ith oe?a?ioe?a
a?aeaoaa?oueny o i?oieiaai? ?o?ie, yea neiaie?co? caaaeueiee caiaiaae
iaoe?iiaeueii? na?aeiiino? ? ia?aiineoueny aaoi?ii ia noa?o aeooiaio.

O ooaeiaeiueiio i?inoi?? I.Ieany aeineoue ci?noiaiith ? i?oieiaaia
aeie?, yea ??ciiieaiiaa ca iii?iaoe??th, iniiaith, ooieoe?yie. Aeiey
ieooey eiie?aoeciaaia ?yaeii i?oieiaai ? iioea?a: i?oieiaaia aie?ath/iai
eaaaaey, iioea iaooiaiiy, iaeoa?o. ?ic?iaeyth/e i?iaeaio neoae?iiy
ia?iaeia? /a?ac ienoaoeoai, I.Ieanue aeei?enoiao? ia?ac ioce.

Oe?eeii i?ea?iaeueiith ? aaoi?nueea ?ioa?i?aoaoe?y aioe/iiai i?oo i?i
Ia?oeena. O ieiuei? iaeiiai ooaeiaeiueiai oai?o aaoi? ii?aeio? ia?ace
neia’yinueei? ? aioe/ii? i?oieia?e.

Aiae?c aeai?iai-noeeueiaeo iniaeeainoae iiaoeee I.Ieany iieacaa
iayai?noue o eiai aei?iaeo ?icaaeoaeaii? aeai?iai? nenoaie, yea
aeicaieeea iiai?oa ?aae?coaaoe i?oiiiaoe/ia aa/aiiy ienueiaiieea.
?icaeoie aeai??a cae?enithaaany iei oeyoii aeeaieiai, ooaeiaeiuei
ia?aeiieeaiai ?ice?eooy ae?aaeaeueieo iiaeeeainoae oiai /e ?ioiai
aeai?o, eiai iiaiai ci?noiaiai iaiiaiaiiy.

Noeeueiaith aeii?iaioith I.Ieany ? oa, ui aeai?ia? ??ciiaeaee
oe?a?inueei? iiac??, i?ice, ae?aiaoo?a?? a?i aeiiiaith? aeai?aie ?ioeo
nii??aeiaieo aeae?a ienoaoeoaa, cie?aia ioceee, iaey?noaa, oaioeth.

AEai?iaa oa ia?acii-noeeueiaa nai???aei?noue oai??a ienueiaiieea ye
ao?eaiiy oi?i ? i?eioeei?a ooaeiaeiueiai ieneaiiy ?ice?eaa? iniiai?
aniaeoe eiai oai?/ino?. Ae?eiaei ia/aeii nai???aeii? niaaeueie ieooey ?
oieueeei?, inieneaiee ia ??ai? ci?noiaiino? oieueeei?ieo oi?i,
ia?iaeiiiiaoe/iiai ia?aco-neiaieo, ?eoi?ei-iaeiae?eieo iieaciee?a.

I?ia?aeia i?noea o aeai?ia?e nenoai? ienueiaiieea iaeaaeeoue iiaoe/iei
aeai?ai, ye? i?aaenoaaeai? iaaeeoaoeaii-iieniaith,
iaaeeoaoeaii-cia?aaeaeueiith, iaaeeoaoeaii-?iciia?aeiith a?oiaie.
Iaea?eueo iioe?aieie aeai?iaeie ??ciiaeaeaie o oai?/ino? I.Ieany ?
iaecaae?, aeaa??, ?iiaine, ii?oaoe.

Iaaiee aianie c?iaeaiee I.Ieanai o ?ic?iaeo aeai??a e??e/ii? i?i?aoth?e,
aeey yeeo aeanoeaa o?einio?/i?noue, eiioeaio?iaai?noue aeoiee, aeeaieee
ineoieia?/iee aiae?c ia?niiaae?a, i?noe? neiaie?/i? ia?ace, ooaeiaei?
aeaoae?.

?iiaioe/iee ? neiaie?/iee no?oi?iue oa?aeoa?eco? ae?aiaoo?a?th I.Ieany.
O ae?aiaoe/ieo iiaiao, aothaeao, i’?nao-iaeiiaeo?aeao ?ic?iaeythoueny
oaie eioaiiy, c?aaee, ?ie? ieooey, i?iaeaie oai?/i? ?iaeea?aeoaeueiino?
? noni?euenoaa, ye? ?ice?eaathoueny ca aeiiiiiaith ia?nii?o?eaoe?e,
neiaie?a, ae?aeia?ciaaii? iiia?ae?.

Iiac?y ? ae?aiaoo?a?y ienueiaiieea aoeaaeueii iane/aia /eneaiieie
o?ainoi?iiaaieie ia?acaie, nai???aeieie i?oieiaaiaie, i?oieia?ciaaieie
aeaiaioaie. O oai?/iio aei?iaeo ienueiaiieea ia?aieaeeny ??ci? i?iyae
i?oieia?cio a e?oa?aoo??.

Canoinoaaiiy i?oiiiaoe/iiai i?aeoiaeo aei aiae?co oai?/iai aei?iaeo
ienueiaiieea ? eeoa iaeiei e?ieii i?iieeiaiiy o o?einionueeee ?
anoaoe/iee eiioaeno ooaeiaeiuei? niaaeueie I.Ieany, iia’ycaii? c
iiaooi?ie ieanoaie na?oiai? eoeueoo?e ? o?einio??.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii a ioae?eaoe?yo:

1. *a?iiaa ?. I?oieiaaia aeie? o ooaeiaeiueiio i?inoi?? I.Ieany // Neiai
? /an. — 1998. — ? 12. — N.19-21.

2. *a?iiaa ?. Eoeueoo?a noeo?e o iiaoe/i?e iiaeae? na?oo I.Ieany //
I?eaei?i?ianueeee iaoeiaee a?niee / O?eieia?y.- 1998. — ? 61 (128). —
N.39-43.

3. *a?iiaa ?. Iaecaae o nenoai? aeai??a Ieaenaiae?a Ieany // Ai?enoai.
-1999.- ? 4 (94). — N.14-15.

4. *a?iiaa ?. Ia?ac ?nona O?enoa a ooaeiaeiueiio i?inoi?? I.Ieany //
No?aeiineia’yinuee? iiae a ?o ?noi?e/iiio ?icaeoeo / Ca??iee iaoeiaeo
i?aoeue, i?enay/aieo iai’yo? i?ioani?a N.I.Nai?eeaiea: o 2 /. —
Caii??aeaey: Caii??cueeee aea?aeoi?aa?neoao,1996. — *.2. — N.170-173.

5. *a?iiaa ?. Neioac ?noi?e/iiai ? i?oieia?/iiai a iiac?? I.Ieany (ia
iaoa??ae? ca??ee “Eiyaea Oe?a?ia”) // E?oa?aoo?a e ?noi??y / Iaoa??aee
i?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe?? 12-14 a?oaeiy 1996 ?ieo. —
Caii??aeaey: Caii??cueeee aea?aeoi?aa?neoao, 1996. — N.162-166.

6. *a?iiaa ?. ?aoeaioe?y a?ae?eieo ia?ac?a o iiaoeoe? Ieaenaiae?a Ieany
// Ia?aua Caii?iaeneea *oaiey “Aa?aeneia ianaeaiea THaa Oe?aeiu” /
Aeieeaaeu e niiauaiey. — Caii?iaeuea,1998. — N.185-189.

7. *a?iiaa ?. Aei i?iaeaie i?oiiiaoeee I.Ieany // ?icaeoie eoeueoo?e
oe?a?inueei? iaoe?? oa eoeueoo? iaoe?iiaeueieo iaioei: ?noi??y, no/aniee
noai, ia?niaeoeae (ia iaoa??ae? I?aaeaiiiai Noiaeo Oe?a?ie) / Oace
aeiiia?aeae ?aa?iiaeueii? iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe?? 14-15 aa?aniy 1995?ieo.
— Caii??aeaey: Caii??cueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao,1995. —
N.87-88.

*a?iiaa ?.A. I?oiiiaoeea oai?/ino? Ieaenai?a Ieany. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 10.01.01 — oe?a?inueea e?oa?aoo?a. —
Caii??cueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao, Caii??aeaey, 1999.

O aeena?oaoe?? aeine?aeaeo?oueny i?oiiiaoeea oai?/ino? I.Ieany:
aeaea?aea ? oeyoe oi?ioaaiiy, iniaeeaino? na?oiaeyaeo, iiaoe/ia iiaeaeue
na?oo ooaeiaeieea, nenoaia i?oieiaai oa ?o iiiceoe?e, ?aoeaioe?y
o?aaeeoe?eieo nthaeao?a ? ia?ac?a, aeai?iai-noeeueiaa nai???aei?noue.
Aeena?oaio ?icaeyaea? ii?ooai? i?iaeaie i?ae eooii ci?o neeaaeii?
aaiethoe?? ienueiaiieea.

Oai?/ee aei?iaie ieooey ii?aeiaa o?aaeeoe?? eeanee?a ?c iiaeie
oaiaeaioe?yie ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e ia iaae? noie?oue.
Aeei?enoaaoe ia?aciee a?naiae iaoe?iiaeueii? oa ?ioeo i?oieia?e,
o?ainoi?ioaaaoe ? iiaeeo?eoaaaoe eiai I.Ieanue noai?ea aaaaoia?aiio
i?oiiiaoe/io ooaeiaeith nenoaio.

Iaoa??aee aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? aeey iiaiiai aiae?co
e?oa?aoo?iiai i?ioeano e?ioey O?O — ii/aoeo OO noie?ooy, o aeeeaaeaii?
eaeoe?eieo eo?n?a, niaoenai?ia??a, iaienaii? aeeieiiieo, eo?niaeo ?ia?o.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: i?oiiiaoeea, a?oaoei, i?oieiaaia, iiaeaeue na?oo,
iaioa?ci, aeai?, noeeue.

*a?iiaa E.A. Ieoiiiyoeea oai?/anoaa Aeaenaiae?a Ieany. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea iao/iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oeeieiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 10.01.01 — oe?aeineay eeoa?aoo?a. — Caii?iaeneee
ainoaea?noaaiiue oieaa?neoao, Caii?iaeuea, 1999

Aeaenaiae? Ieanue ( Aeaenaiae? Eaaiiae/ Eaiaeuaa ) — ecaanoiue
oe?aeineee ienaoaeue ia/aea OO aaea, aaoi? nai?ieeia iiycee, ?anneacia,
ae?aiaoe/aneeo i?iecaaaeaiee, neacie, ia?aaiaeia. Aai oai?/anoai, eae e
oai?/anoai ae?oaeo ienaoaeae-yiea?aioia, aeeeoaeueiia a?aiy auei ecuyoi
ec oe?aeineiai eeoa?aoo?iiai i?ioeanna.

Oai?/aneia ianeaaeea ooaeiaeieea iauaaeeieei o?aaeeoeee eeanneeia n
iiauie oaiaeaioeeyie ?acaeoey oe?aeineie eeoa?aoo?u ia ?oaaaea aaeia.
Eniieueciaaa ia?aciue a?naiae iaoeeiiaeueiie e ae?oaeo ieoieiaee,
o?ainoi?ie?iaaa e iiaeeoeoee?iaaa aai A.Ieanue nicaeae iiiaia?aiioth
ieoiiiyoe/aneoth ooaeiaeanoaaiioth nenoaio.

A aeenna?oaoeee enneaaeoaony ieoiiiyoeea oai?/anoaa A.Ieany: enoi/ieee e
iooe oi?ie?iaaiey, iniaaiiinoe ie?iaicc?aiey, iiyoe/aneay iiaeaeue ie?a
ooaeiaeieea, nenoaia ieoieiaai e eo iiiiceoeee, ?aoeaioeey
o?aaeeoeeiiiuo nthaeaoia e ia?acia, aeai?iai-noeeaaia naiaia?acea.
Aeenna?oaio ?anniao?eaaao iinoaaeaiiua i?iaeaiu iiae oaeii neiaeiie
yaiethoeee ienaoaey.

N iiiiuueth aeaoaeueiiai aiaeeca iniiaiuo ieoieiaai, ia eioi?uo
no?ieony iiyoe/aneay ea?oeia ie?a, i?ineaaeeaaaony iaioaenoe/aneay
iniiaa ie?iaicc?aiey ienaoaey. Iaioaeci iaoae nai? au?aaeaiea e a
iiyoeea A.Ieany.

Oa?aeoa? o?ainoi?iaoeee e eioa?i?aoaoeee o?aaeeoeeiiiiai
nthaeaoii-ia?aciiai iaoa?eaea ienaoaeai naeaeaoaeuenoaoao i nicao/ee
aai oai?/anoaa iiaui aayieyi a eeoa?aoo?a eiioea OIO — ia/aea OO aaea.
Oniaiiaeaii, /oi i?ei?eoaoiui enoi/ieeii ia?aciiai a?naiaea
i?iecaaaeaiee A.Ieany auea aioe/iay, aeaeaeneay, neaayineay e ae?.
ieoieiaee. Iaeaieaa y?eea a?oaoeiu yoeo ieanoia ae?aaiae eoeueoo?u
?aciuo ia?iaeia iauaaeeiytho a?oiiu ieoieiaai.

Ieoioai?/anoai ienaoaey au?aceeinue e ia o?iaia aeai?iai-noeeaauo
iieacaoaeae. Eniieueciaaiea oieueeei?iuo e eoeueoiauo aeai?ia yaeyaony
iniaaiiinoueth aai ieoiiiyoeee.Nouanoaaiiui i?eciaeii noeey ienaoaey
ii?aaeaeyaony oaiaeaioeey e neioaco eneonnoa.

Iaoa?eaeu enneaaeiaaiey iiaoo auoue eniieueciaaiu aeey aieaa iieiiai
aiaeeca eeoa?aoo?iiai i?ioeanna eiioea O?O — ia/aea OO aaea, a
i?aiiaeaaaiee eaeoeeiiiuo eo?nia, niaoenaieia?ia, a iaienaiee
aeeieiiiuo, eo?niauo ?aaio a aoca, a oeieueiie i?aeoeea i?e i?iaaaeaiee
o?ieia e aiaeeanniie ?aaioa, i?e ninoaaeaiee iiniaee.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ieoiiiyoeea, a?oaoei, ieoieiaaia, iiaeaeue ie?a,
iaioaeci, aeai?, noeeue.

Chernova I.V. Mifhopoetic of I.Olesya’s works.

The Thesis is on getting phylology sciences bachelor scientific degree
on speciality 10.01.01 Ukrainian literature. Zaporozhye State
University, Zaporozhye, 1999.

Myfopoetic of O.Olesya’s works is being studied in the thesis: sources
and ways of formation, paints of veiw peculiarities, the author’s world
poetic model, mythologems system and their oppositions, receiption of
traditional plots and characters, originality of genre and style.
Chernova I.V. examines these problems taking into condsideration the
writer’s complicated evolution.

Creative inheretige of the writer united traditions of classic writers
who have new trends of Ukrainian literature development on the boundary
of centeries. Havig used vivid arsenal of national and ofher
mythologies, having transformed and modificated it, O.Oles created
versatile mythopoetic art system.

The researched materials can be used for full analysis of literature
process at the end the 19, at the beginning of the 20 centuries, in
teaching special courses, seminars, in writing diploma and course
papers.

Key words: mythopoetic, archetype, mythologema, world model, pantheizm,
genre, style.

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