Aei?i?iiao?ianueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao

Aioeoeye A?eoi? Aieiaeeie?iae/.

OAeE 930.1 (09) (4 Oe?.): 940.2 (1) 477

I.A?ooaanueeee ? oe?a?inueea ?noi?e/ia iaoea (1880-o? ??. O?O — ii/aoie
OO no.): ?noi??ia?ao?y i?iaeaie

07.00.06 -?noi??ia?ao?y, aeaea?aeiciaanoai oa

niaoe?aeuei? ?noi?e/i? aeenoeeie?ie

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

aeieoi?a ?noi?e/ieo iaoe

Aei?i?iiao?ianuee -1999

Aeena?oaoe?? ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a *a?eanueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? Aiaaeaia
Oiaeueieoeueeiai I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee eiinoeueoaio: aeieoi? ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? EIEANIEE ??eia
?aai?aia, Aei?i?iao?ianueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao, i?iioani? eaoaae?e
?noi??ia?ao?? oa aeaea?aeiciaanoaa

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aeaoeaae/ ss?ineaa
?iiaiiae/, Canooiiee aee?aeoi?a ?inoeoooo oe?a?inueei? a?oaia?ao?? oa
aeaea?aeiciaanoaa ?i. I. A?ooaanueeiai IAI Oe?a?ie

aeieoi? ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? *eoei A?oae?e Na?a?eiae/, aee?aeoi?
?inoeoooo a?ia?ao?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue Iaoe?iiaeueii? a?ae?ioaee ?i. A.?.
Aa?iaaenueeiai IAI Oe?a?ie

aeieoi? ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Naa/oe Aa?oieii?e Noaiaiiae/,
aee?aeoi? aeaeaaieoeoaa Aei?i?iao?ianueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao, eaoaae?a
?noi??ia?ao??, aeaea?aeiciaanoaa oa a?oaieia?? I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe
Oe?a?ie

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 18 /a?aiy 1999 ?. i 13 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 08.051.14 i?e Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith:

32065, i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, i?. Aaaa??ia, 72, aoae. 307.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o iaoeia?e a?ae?ioaoe?
Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ca aae?anith: 320050, i.
Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, aoe. Eacaeiaa, 8.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 15 o?aaiy 1999 ?.

A.I. a/aiiai nae?aoa?y niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

aeieoi? ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Ia?eia E.A.

OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy. Ooaa?aeaeaiiy iacaeaaeiino? Oe?a?ie,
noaiiaeaiiy a?iiaaeyinueeiai noni?euenoaa, oi?ioaaiiy eiai ?aeaieia??
a?aeaoaa?oueny a oiiaao ao?oeeaiai c?inoaiiy ?ioa?ano aei ?noi?e/iiai
ieioeiai iaoiai ia?iaeo. Aeieea? caeiiii??i?noue oiai, ui aei aeoeaiiai
iie?oe/iiai aeeooy noni?euei?noue iiaea aooe aioiaith caaaeyee ciaiiyi
?noi???, eoeueoo?e, ona?aeiieaiith ?ie? nai?o i?ia?aeiee?a oa ae?yiue
iaaii? ?noi?e/ii? iinoao?. Cacia/aia noaaeoue ia?aae ?noi?e/iith iaoeith
caaaeaiiy o?nii ca’ycaoe ieioea c no/aniei, a?aeoai?eoe oeyoe aaiethoe??
?noi?e/ieo yaeu, iieacaoe ?noi??ia?ao?/iee i?ioean a Oe?a?i? ye
iaa?ae’?iio /anoeio na?oiaiai ?icaeoeo ?noi??ia?ao??.

Aaaeeeaith e iaiao?aeiith oiiaith ? iiaeieaiiy iaeiiaei??ii?
iaoiaeieia??, noa?aioei?a ieioeiai, ui aeiaaee /an noi?iaiaeaeoaaee
iaoeiao oai?/?noue, ia ni?eyee aaaaoieaiaeueiino? ieneaiiy a/aieo.

Aei aeeneo/i? ieayaee iiaeaeaeiee?a oe?a?inueei? eoeueoo?e ? iaoee,
i?ia?aeieo ?aeaieia?a ? e?aea??a iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?iiai
a?ae?iaeaeaiiy, ?aaiethoe?eieo ciaaaiue 1917 – 1920-o ??. iaeaaeeoue
ia?oee i?aceaeaio OI? Ieoaeei A?ooaanueeee.

C ?i’yi I.A?ooaanueeiai iia’ycai? ciaiaii? iiae?? a ?noi??? oe?a?inueei?
iaoee, eoeueoo?e, iaoe?iiaeueii-aea?aeaaiiai a?ae?iaeaeaiiy Oe?a?ie. A?i
? aeaeaoiei oe?a?inueeei ?noi?eeii, i?ia?aeiei i?aai?caoi?ii
aeaaeai?/ii-iaoeoaiai aeeooy, a?aeiiei noni?eueii-iie?oe/iei ae?y/ai
oe?a?inueeiai a?ae?iaeaeaiiy OO no.

Ae?yeuei?noue ? oai?/?noue Ieoaeea Na?a?eiae/a noai?eee oe?eo aiioo a
?ioaeaeooaeueiiio, iaoeiaiio, iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?iiio ? aea?aeaaiiio
?icaeoeo iiai? Oe?a?ie ? i???ioothoue ian o iaeaooi?. sse oai?aoeue
anaa?/ii? aaaaoioiiii? “?noi??? Oe?a?ie-?one”, iaia?an?/iee i?aai?caoi?
iaoee I.A?ooaanueeee aeiaaa? a?oioiaiiai iaoeiaiai aea/aiiy.

Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy aecia/a?oueny aaaeeea?noth ioe?iie
oaiaeaioe?e, ia?niaeoea, aea/aiiy aeeooy I.A?ooaanueeiai, eiai iaoeiai?
niaaeueie.

Ia iaio aaaeeeaei ? c’ynoaaiiy cia/aiiy ia??iaeo e?ioey O?O – ii/aoeo OO
no. a oe?a?inuee?e ?noi?e/i?e iaooe?.

Neeaaei?noue ? noia?a/eea?noue ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueei? ?noi??ia?ao??
e?ioey O?O– ii/aoeo OO no., iaaaeaeaaoi?noue ?? ioe?iee ?aaeyinueeith
?noi?e/iith iaoeith ? iaeaea caia?a/aiiy iaoeiai? oe?iiino?
iiia?aaeiuei? ?noi??ia?ao?/ii? o?aaeeoe??, neaaea i?i ii?ioi?iiaai?noue
no/aniiai a/aiiai na?oo a Oe?a?i? i?i niaaeueio ? caeiaooee i?ia?aeieo
oe?a?inueeeo a?ooaanueeiciaaoe?a, ye? ?ai?acaioothoue aenieee ??aaiue
oe?a?inueei? ?noi?e/ii? iaoee na?aae a?aeiieo ?noi?e/ieo oe?e ?a?iie,
NOA ? Eaiaaee oaeiae iaoiiaeee iaiao?aei?noue ii?aoethaaiiy oe??? oaie.

Aea/aiiy ? ocaaaeueiaiiy ianeao aeaea?ae, e?oa?aoo?e i?i
I.A?ooaanueeiai, oe?a?inueeo ?noi?e/io iaoeo ia ceai? O?O – OO no.
aeeeoo?oueny iacaaeia?eueiei noaiii i?ioeano aeine?aeaeaiiy cacia/aii?
oaie. Aiae?c ?nioth/i? ?noi??ia?ao?/ii? neooaoe??, iayai?noue i?aoeue, a
yeeo aeine?aeaeothoueny ie?ai? ieoaiiy ?icaeoeo oiai/anii? ?noi?e/ii?
iaoee i?aaenoaaieeaie ??cieo iaoeiaeo iai?yie?a, aeeeeeaee
iaiao?aei?noue iiaeaeueoi?, a?eueo iiaeeaeaii? ?ic?iaee e oaeineiiaeaiiy
iaoeiai-aeine?aeieoeueei? i?aeoeee. Oaeee i?aeo?ae iaoiiaeaiee no/aniei
noaiii oe?a?inueei? ?noi?e/ii? iaoee.

Aaaeeeaith iaoeiaith i?iaeaiith ? anaa?/ia c’ynoaaiiy cia/aiiy
?noi??ia?ao?? ye caniao aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoeiaa i?aoey, a ye?e
noaaeoueny iaoa ?noi??ia?ao?/ii ?aeiino?othaaoe noaiiaeua oe?a?inueei?
?noi?e/ii? iaoee ia ?oaaae? O?O ? OO noie?oue, ocaaaeueieoe aeinyaiaiiy,
aeyaeoe ci?io i?aeoiae?a aei aeaii? i?iaeaie, aecia/eoe eiei iaae??oaieo
ieoaiue, ni?eyoeia ?ica’ycaiith iinoaaeaieo caaaeaiue.

I?iaeaiia ?noi??ia?ao?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy aeoea?co? coneeey iiai? oaee?
a?ooaanueeiciaaoe?a, ?noi?ee?a iaoee, i?enei?eoue a?eueo aeeaiea
aea/aiiy iaoeiai? niaaeueie I.A?ooaanueeiai. Aiii aeicaieeoue ?ice?eoe
aioo??oi? caeiiii??iino? ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueei? ?noi?e/ii? iaoee 80-o
?ie?a O?O – ii/aoeo OO no., iaoai?ci ?icaeoeo aea/aiiy ?noi???
Oe?a?ie, aecia/eoe iaea?eueo aoaeoeaiee oeyo ae??oaiiy i?iaeai, ye?
iio?aaothoue iiaeeaeaiiai aiae?co ? caeo/aiiy aeiaeaoeiai? aeaea?aeueii?
aace.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie ? oaiaie. Iai?yiie
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? neeaaeiaith /anoeiith iaoeiaiai
a?ooaanueeiciaanoaa, yea ia?aaeaa/a? ?noi??ia?ao?/ia ii?aoethaaiiy
niaaeueie A?ooaanueeiai, aoiaeeoue a noa?o eiiiaoaioe?? ?aaee i?e
I?aceaeaio? Oe?a?ie c ieoaiue aea/aiiy iaoeiai? niaaeueie ? iie?oe/ii?
ae?yeueiino? I.A?ooaanueeiai

1Oeac I?aceaeaioa Oe?a?ie i?i ?aaeo c ieoaiue aea/aiiy iaoeiai?
niaaeueie oa iie?oe/ii? ae?yeueiino?

I. A?ooaanueeiai, i. Ee?a, 8 n?/iy 1998 ?ieo, ? 7/98 //O?yaeiaee
eo?’??.–1998.–?1 ( 48-49).–12 aa?aciy.– N. 19. , a oaeiae aea?aeaaieo ?
i?aeaoc?anueeeo iaoeiaeo i?ia?ai c ?noi??ia?ao?? ?noi??? Oe?a?ie.

Noai iaoeiai? ?ic?iaee oaie. ?icaeyae iaoeiai? ae?yeueiino?
I.A?ooaanueeiai ia?aaeaa/a? ia’?eoeaia aena?oeaiiy ?noi?e/ieo ia?aaeoiia
? i?ioeano ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueei? ?noi?e/ii? iaoee inoaii?o aeanyoee?oue
O?O – ii/aoeo OO no., ia ieiath/e iaa?no?aeueieo oeyo?a no/aniiai
?noi?e/iiai i?ioeano. A ?nioth/?e ?noi?e/i?e e?oa?aoo?? ciaeoee na?e
a?aeaeoie neeaaei? ? iaiaeiicia/i? i?ioeane ?icaeoeo iaoeiai? aeoiee
uiaei cacia/aii? i?iaeaiaoeee.

Iaioaaiiy o a?o/eciyi?e ?noi?e/i?e iaooe? ?aaeyinueeiai ia??iaeo
ca?aeaieia?ciaaii? iaoiaeieia?/ii? o?aaeeoe?? i?ecaaei aei iaeaea
iiaiiai ?aii?oaaiiy ii/aoeiaeo i?ioean?a aioo??oiueiai ?icaeoeo ??
iaoe?iiaeueieo eaiie. I?iaeaiaoe/iei aoa i?ioean ?? ia’?eoeaiiai
?noi??ia?ao?/iiai inyaiaiiy iacaeaaeiei, aano?aaiaaiei a?ae
?aeaieia?/ieo ia?aeiiaiue iaoeiaei iiaeyaeii.

A?o/eciyio oe?a?inueeo ?noi??ia?ao?th iaea?eueo aiey/a a?acea aeoo
o?aaeeoe?eiiai i?aeoiaeo ?aaeyinueei? ?noi??ia?ao?? aei ?noi?e/ii? iaoee
e?ioey O?O – ii/aoeo OO no., caea?aiaaiee o i?aoeyo, i?enay/aieo ??
?noi???.

Oaca i?i e?eco ao?aeoacii? ?noi?e/ii? iaoee ciaeoea ao?eaiiy a “I/a?eao
enoi?ee enoi?e/aneie iaoee a NNN?”. Ae?oaee ? o?ao?e ?? oiie ia i?noyoue
oe?ieiai ia’?eoeaiiai aena?oeaiiy noaio ?noi?e/ii? iaoee a Oe?a?i?, ye ?
a ?ioeo ?aa?iiao.

I?ae a?aeiia?aeiei eooii ci?o ?icaeyaea?oueny oea ieoaiiy a i?aoeyo
“Onoaiiae ?noi?e/ii? iaoee a Oe?a?inuee?e ?N?, 1917 – 1937 ??.” (1973),
“?noi??ia?ao?y ?noi??? Oe?a?inueei? ?N?” (1986). O iie? ci?o
oe?a?inueeeo a/aieo ciaoiaeeeenue, a?aeiia?aeii i?aia?iaai?, iinoao?
I.Iaeneiiae/a, O.Oaa/aiea, I.Einoiia?iaa, I.Eaca?aaueeiai, I.?oeiaiei,
Ae.ssai?ieoeueeiai, Ae.Aaaae?y oa ?ioeo i?aaenoaaiee?a oae caaiiai
“aeaiie?aoe/iiai oaai?o”. Aeey ieo iaia’yceiaith aoea e?eoe/ia ioe?iea
?noi?e/ieo i?aoeue a/aieo, ye? a?aeiineeenue aei
“aeai?yinueei-ao?aeoacii? ? ao?aeoacii? ?noi??ia?ao??”. Cacia/aia
iniaeeai i?iyaeeiny a aeine?aeaeaiiyo I.Ia?/aiea

2 Ia?/aiei I. ?. Oe?a?inueea ?noi??ia?ao?y (c aeaai?o /an?a aei
na?aaeeie O?O no.). – E., 1959. – 258 n.

3 Eiaaeaiei E.A. ?noi??ia?ao?y ?noi??? Oe?a?inueei? ?N? a?ae
iaeaeaai?oeo /an?a aei Aaeeei? AEiaoiaai? nioe?ae?noe/ii? ?aaiethoe??. –
E., 1983. – 119 n.

4 Iaoyo A.I. I?iaeaie ?noi??? Oe?a?ie XVI – XVIII no. o
aena?oeaii? aeo?iaeo “Ee?anueea noa?eia”: Aeen… eaiaeeaeaoa
?noi?e/ieo iaoe. – E., 1993. – 212 n.; ?? ae
Iaae??a?noeea a Oe?a?i? ae?oai? iieiaeie O?O– ii/aoeo OO no.: e?eca /e
i?ia?an? – E., 1996.– 58 n. oa E.Eiaaeaiea . Ca inoaii? ?iee ?icai?iooa
e?eciaa oai??y ?ioa?i?aoiaaia a ??cieo aa??aoe?yo “?aeaeieo ceai?a”,
ia?ieo iiooe?a iaae?eii? iaoiaeieia?? ? iinooiiaiai aeciaiiy
iaiiaeeeaino? iaeiicia/iiai ni?eeiyooy e?ece ?noi?e/ii? iaoee ye
“i?yiie?i?eiiai ?ooo an?o ao?aeoacieo ?noi?ee?a iacaae”, ciaeoea
a?aoiaioiaaia caia?a/aiiy a i?aoeyo i?ia?aeieo ?noi?ee?a eieeoiueiai
?aaeyinueeiai Nithco, iniaeeai ?in??. A inoaii?e /an a aeine?aeaeaiiyo
A.Niie?y, E.Oa?ai, I.AEo?ae ii?ooo?oueny ieoaiiy i?iaeaie e?ece a
oe?a?inuee?e ?noi?e/i?e iaooe?. Cie?aia a aeine?aeaeaiiyo A.Iaoyo,
i?enay/aieo “Eeaaneie noa?eia” oa iaae??a?noeoe? a Oe?a?i? ae?oai?
iieiaeie O?O – ii/aoeo OO no.

Iani?aaae? 80-o? ?iee O?O – ii/aoie OO no., iacaaaeath/e ia neeueiee
oene c aieo oea?nueeiai o?yaeo ia oe?a?inueeee ?oo, ? ia??iaeii aeeaieeo
ia?aoai?aiue, iia’ycaieo c aoaeoeaiei ?icaeoeii iaoeiaiai aeeooy oa
oe?a?inueei? ?noi?e/ii? iaoee, aieeao iaoe?iiaeueii? ?ioae?aaioe?? ia
noni?eueio na?aeii?noue. Iiyaa “?noi??? Oe?a?ie-?one”, ui yaey? niaith
iiioiaioaeueio neioaoe/io i?aoeth, iiaoaeiaaio ia ?icai?ioo?e noai?,
a?aeiia?aeaea aeiiaai ?a?iiaenueei? iaoiaeieia?? ? i?aeaaea i?aenoiie
?icaeoeo an??? iiia?aaeiuei? ?noi?e/ii? iaoee. Aeo?ae o na?o “Iaeyaeo
oe?a?inueei? ?noi??ia?ao??” Ae.Aei?ioaiea o 1923 ?ioe? cana?ae/ea
oai?aoe/io c??e?noue, aeinoaoi?e nooi?iue ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueei?
?noi??ia?ao?? oa caaa?oaiiy i?ioeano ?? naiiaecia/aiiy, i?aai?caoe?eii?
oa ?aeaeii-eiioeaiooaeueii? ?inoeooae?caoe??.

?c na?aaeeie 1920-eo ?ie?a oe?a?inueea ?noi?e/ia iaoea, ?? i?aaenoaaieee
? iaaeae?, i?aoethth/e a Oe?a?i?, ao?a/athoue i?aai ia
aaaaoieaiaeuei?noue ieneaiiy. Aeuacaaaeaia iniaeeai iaaaoeaii
iicia/a?oueny ia aeine?aeaeaii? noaio ?noi?e/ii? iaoee a e?ioe? O?O – ia
ii/aoeo OO no. C oeueiai /ano ca?iaeaeo?oueny ? iinooiiai ana
ae?aci?oith noa? oaiaeaioe?y caieaeaiiy ?ie? I.A?ooaanueeiai oa oeueiai
ia??iaeo a ?noi?e/ieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo.

Iaenooo?a?oei ae?acii ? caaaeueiee iiae?e iaoee ia i?ieaoa?nueeo
(ia?enenonueeo) ? ao?aeoacio, ai?iaea noaaeaiiy aei iaia?enenonueei?
?noi??ia?ao??, a?aeiiaa oiai/aniei i?ia?aeiei a/aiei, iaoeiaei
?noi?e/iei ?inoeoooe?yi, ?noi?e/iei /aniienai oa ia??iaeeoe? a
ia’?eoeaiino?, ne?aeoaaii? iaae?ei?e iaoiaeieia??. A/aiei oaeiae
caeeaeaeany iani?iiiaei?noue aeyaeoe caeiiii??iino? ?noi?e/iiai
i?ioeano, ?ic?iaea ?aaeoe?eieo ?aeaae?noe/ieo oai??e ia iniia?
?aeaieia?? aioeeiioi?cio. Aeey ?aaeyinueei? ?noi??ia?ao?? 30-eo –
ii/aoeo 50-eo ?ie?a noa? oa?aeoa?iei a?aeo?ae a?ae ?noi??ia?ao?/ii?
i?iaeaiaoeee.

C ae?oai? iieiaeie 50-eo ? aei na?aaeeie 80-eo ?ie?a oaaaa ?noi?ee?a a
Oe?a?i? cina?aaeaeo?oueny ia i?aaenoaaieeao
“?aaiethoe?eii-aeaiie?aoe/iiai” ? “ia?iaeieoeueeiai” iai?yie?a.

O caeeoai?e c ii/aoeo 1920-eo ?ie?a ? aei 1989 ?ieo ?aaeyinuee?e
?noi??ia?ao?/i?e o?aaeeoe?? uiaei ia??iaeo 80-eo ?ie?a O?O – ii/aoeo OO
no. /?oei i?ine?aeeiao?oueny “noa?eeuei?noue i?aoeue”, i/euaiiy ?o a?ae
iaaaaeaieo oaeo?a, ii??aiyiue, noaeaeaiue, ii?ae?caoi?noai i?i
“ia?icoi?iiy” aei?aaiethoe?eieie ?noi?eeaie ia’?eoeaieo caeii?a ?icaeoeo
noni?euenoaa, “iaiaaeai?noue ?o na?oiaeyaeo” oa ?ioa. Cacia/ai?
i?aeoiaee niinoa??aathoueny o /eneaiieo i?aoeyo ?aaeyinueeeo
oe?a?inueeeo a/aieo.

?aeeia ocaaaeueithth/a i?aoey I.Ia?/aiea “Oe?a?inueea ?noi??ia?ao?y”
(1959)5 Ia?/aiei I.?. Oe?a?inueea ?noi??ia?ao?y (c aeaai?o /an?a aei
na?aaeeie O?O no.). – E., 1959. – 258 n. aeiaaaeaia eeoa aei ia?oi?
iieiaeie O?O noie?ooy. A/aiee, ciath/e ci?no “Iaeyaeo” Ae.Aei?ioaiea ?
aiaeii/an aoaeo/e na?aeeii iaaaeueiiai ianooio ia oe?a?inueeo ?noi?e/io
iaoeo, ui a e?ioe? 1930-eo ?ie?a oi?eioany eiai oai?/ino?, ia i?a ia
aeio?eioaaoeny iaioth/eo ia oie /an iiaeyae?a oa io?oe?eii?
?noi??ia?ao?/ii? eiioeaioe?? ye ai?ioueae ?aeaeieo iai?yie?a.

Iaea?eueo iine?aeiaii ?? ao?eea o nai?o i?aoeyo ? cie?aia o iaa/aeueiiio
iin?aieeo c oe?a?inueei? ?noi??ia?ao?? E.Eiaaeaiei. Eiaaeaiei E.A.
?noi??ia?ao?y ?noi??? Oe?a?inueei? ?N? a?ae iaeaeaai?oeo /an?a aei
Aaeeei? AEiaoiaai? nioe?ae?noe/ii? ?aaiethoe??. – E., 1983. – 119 n.

O aena?oeaii? iinoao? I.A?ooaanueeiai, noaio oe?a?inueei? ?noi?e/ii?
iaoee a e?ioe? O?O – ia ii/aoeo OO no., a?i iaa nai?o iiia?aaeiee?a,
ye?, ii/eiath/e c 1926 ?ieo, nenoaiaoe/ii i?aeaeaaaee e?eoeoe?
oai?/?noue aei?aaiethoe?eieo ?noi?ee?a. C?aceaie oaeiai i?aeoiaeo ?,
cie?aia, ?icae?e o “?onneie enoi?eia?aoee” I.?oa?iooaeia

7 ?oaeiooaei I.E. ?onneay enoi?eia?aoey. – I., 1941. – N. 451-456. ,
i?enay/aiee I.A?ooaanueeiio, a?ioo?a “?aaeoe?eia nooue iaoe?iiae?noe/ieo
oai??e aaceeaniaino? oa ?aeeiiai iioieo” I.?oaa/a.8 ?oaa/ I.A.
?aaeoe?eia nooue iaoe?iiae?noe/ieo oai??e aaceeaniaino? oa ?aeeiiai
iioieo. – E.,1955.– 72 n. Iaea?eueoa ocaaaeueiaiiy “cei/eie” ? “a??oe”
I.A?ooaanueeiai ciaeoee a eiai noaoo?, ai?uai?e o /aoaa?oiio oii? “
Niaaoneie enoi?e/aneie yioeeeeiiaaeee “ (1963)9 ?oaa/ I.A. A?ooaaneee
Ieoaee Na?aaaae/ // Niaaoneay enoi?e/aeay yioeeeeiiaaeey. – O.4.
–Iineaa, 1963.–C.858 – 859; ?aaeyinueea aioeeeeiiaae?y ?noi??? Oe?a?ie.
– Ee?a, 1989. – C.483 – 484. oa ia?oiio oii? “?aaeyinueei?
aioeeeeiiaae?? ?noi??? Oe?a?ie” (1970).

Iaeia ?c /eneaiieo “e?eoe/ieo” ioe?iie “?noi??? Oe?a?ie-?one”
I.A?ooaanueeiai iaeaaeeoue I.Eiaaeaieo. Aaoi? ia eeoa a?aeiiaey?
I.A?ooaanueeiio o noai?aii? iaoeiai? oeiee, caeioaa/o? o aiethioa?eci? ?
i?eieaeo? iaoeiao aa?o?noue eiai iiioiaioaeueii? “?noi??? Oe?a?ie-?one”,
a e aaaaea? ?? iane?aeeii eieaeoeaii? i?aoe? a/aieo.10 Eiaaeaiei E.A.
?noi??ia?ao?y ?noi??? Oe?a?inueei? ?N? a?ae iaeaeaai?oeo /an?a aei
Aaeeei? AEiaoiaai? nioe?ae?noe/ii? ?aaiethoe??. – E., 1983. – 106 n.

?noi?eee a Oe?a?i?, caoenioo? iaaeaie iaioth/i? eiioeaioe?? ?noi?e/iiai
i?ciaiiy, iane?aeoth/e nai?o eieaa ?c oeaio?o oa eiio?iiooth/e ?c
ca?oa?aeieie aeine?aeieeaie, i?aeaiooaaee ieceo i?aoeue, a?ia?ao?/ieo
ia?en?a, i?enay/aieo aei?aaiethoe?eiei a/aiei-?noi?eeai. Cie?aia,
O.Oaa/aiei ?iaea ni?iae iaoia?aaeaeaiiai, anaa?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
ieoaiiy iiaa?iaiiy I.A?ooaanueeiai o 1924 ?ioe? a Oe?a?io. Eiai noaooy
“*iio Ieoaeei A?ooaanueeee iiaa?ioany ia ?aaeyinueeo Oe?a?io
?”(1966)Oaa/aiei O.I. *iio Ieoaeei A?ooaanueeee iiaa?ioany ia
?aaeyinueeo Oe?a?io ? // Oe?a?inueeee ?noi?e/iee aeo?iae. – 1996. – ? 2.
– N.13-30. cono??ea iai?eoeeueio ?aaeoe?th aeaaeii? iaoeiai?
ath?ie?ao??.

I?aenoiie coneeue oe?a?inueeeo ?aaeyinueeeo a/aieo uiaei ?noi??ia?ao??
ii/aoeo OO no., cie?aia, i?aeaaaeaiee o noaoo? “?noi??ia?ao?/i?
aeine?aeaeaiiy ia Oe?a?i? ca 70 ?ie?a ?aaeyinueei? aeaaee” (1987)Na?aae
A.A. ?noi??ia?ao?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy ia Oe?a?i? ca 70 ?ie?a ?aaeyinueei?
aeaaee // Oe?a?inueeee ?noi?e/iee aeo?iae. – 1987. – ? 12. – N.122-134..

O i?aoeyo ?aaeyinueeeo a/aieo niinoa??aa?oueny yaia iaaeiioe?iea
niaaeueie I.A?ooaanueeiai, oe?a?inueeeo ?noi?ee?a inoaiiuei? /aa?o? O?O
– 20-eo ?ie?a OO no. Aiia ?icaeioeany c iieiaeie 30-eo ?ie?a,
noaa?aeeeanue o 60 – 70-eo ??. ? an?i nai?i ci?noii ni?yiiaoaaeany i?ioe
oae caaiiai “oe?a?inueeiai ao?aeoaciiai iaoe?iiae?cio” ? ca?oa?aeieo
“oaeueneo?eaoi??a” ?noi??? Oe?a?ie.

A Oe?a?i?, ii/eiath/e c? noaoo? N.A?eieiiy “Ieoaeei A?ooaanueeee”
(“E?oa?aoo?ia Oe?a?ia” a?ae 2 eeiiy 1988 ?ieo), i?aoeue ss.Aeaoeaae/a,
Aeaoeaae/ ss. Ai?ioueaa c A?ooaanueeei oa eiai oeieith o Euea?anueeiio
oi?aa?neoao? ca ?aaeyinueeeo /an?a // Ieoaeei A?ooaanueeee ? Euea?anueea
?noi?e/ia oeiea. Iaoa??aee eiioa?aioe??, Euea?a, 24 – 25 aeiaoiy 1994 ?.
– Iueth-Ei?e – Euea?a, 1995. – N. 32-94. A.Ca?oaeCa?oaa A. ?ica?ii ?
cieuaiiy ee?anueei? oeiee ?noi?ee?a Ieoaeea A?ooaanueeiai //
Oe?a?inueeee ?noi?ee. –1991.–1992. — */. 3–4, 1-4 (110-115). – N.
147-168. oa ?.Ie?iaa Ie??a ?. ss. A?ooaanueeiciaanoai: noai oa
ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo // Oe?a?inueeee ?noi?e/iee aeo?iae. – 1995. – ?5.–
N. 71-83. /anii iiaeia cono??oe e?eoe/iee aiae?c aeine?aeaeaiue
?aaeyinueeeo ?noi?ee?a, i?enay/aieo aeeooth ? oai?/ino? I.A?ooaanueeiai.
Cie?aia, ss.Aeaoeaae/ aeiaiaeeoue, ui iani?aaae? ai?ioueaa c ?noi?e/iith
oeieith I.A?ooaanueeiai oa eiai o/iyie a 1940-eo – 50-eo ??. aoea
ni?yiiaaia i?ioe ni?aaaeiuei? ia’?eoeaii? ?noi??? Oe?a?ie, oe?a?inueei?
iaoe?iiaeueii? ?aea?. Iiceoe?y, c yei? cae?enithaaeany oey e?eoeea,
i?/iai ni?eueiiai ia iaea c ia?eneciii, ai?ioueaa aoea ia??aiith,
?i?oe?eiaaiith ye caa?oo aia?aoii OeE AEI(a), oae ? cieco.16 Aeaoeaae/
ss. Aeac. i?aoey. – N. 69-70.

Ae?oaa iniiaia ?noi?e/ia oaiaeaioe?y iiceoeaiiai aena?oeaiiy niaaeueie,
aeeoo?aiai oeyoo I.A?ooaanueeiai, noaio oe?a?inueei? ?noi?e/ii? iaoee
e?ioey O?O – ii/aoeo OO no. ?icaeioeanue o i?aoeyo aei ?
i?ney?aaiethoe?eieo ?noi?ee?a, iaeiae aoea ia??aaia a Oe?a?i? a e?ioe?
1920-eo ?ie?a ? i?iaeiaaeaia ?noi?eeaie a Aaee/ei? oa a ai?a?aoe??.
Noai?eaoe ca ei?aeiiii iaoeia? ?inoeoooe??, ca?oa?aei? oe?a?inuee? a/ai?
a iieai?oe? c i?aaenoaaieeaie ?aaeyinueei? ?noi??ia?ao?? iaiaaaeeny
ia’?eoeaii aena?oeeoe aeie ieoaiue, ui ? i?aaeiaoii iaoiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy, iaeiae ia??aeei ia aeiaaee i?ioeeaaeii? noi?iie a caiae?
iieai?ee aiie aaeaaaeeny aei aiieia?? oa “caa?iicoaaiiy” iinoao? I.
A?ooaanueeiai.

Iaea?eueo ia’?eoeaii an? neeaaeia? aeeooy, oai?/ino?,
noni?eueii-iie?oe/ii? ae?yeueiino? I.A?ooaanueeiai a nai?o i?aoeyo
aena?oeth? E.Aeia?.17 Aeia? E. Iaeaeaeaoi?oee ?noi?ee Oe?a?ie Ieoaeei
A?ooaanueeee ( 1866 — 1934). – No/ani?noue. – 1985. –120 n.; eiai ae
A?ooaanueeee a oe?a?inuee?e ? na?oia?e ?noi??? //Oe?a?inueeee ?noi?ee. –
1991-1992. – */. 3-4, 1-4 (110-115). – N.13 -53; eiai ae Ieoaeei
A?ooaanueeee a oe?a?inuee?e ? na?oia?e ?noi???. — Iueth-Ei?e: O?O, 1993.
– 49 n; eiai ae Ieoaeei A?ooaanueeee ? aea?aeaaieoeueeee iai?yi
oe?a?inueei? ?noi??ia?ao?? // Neeoaoe aiio. – Ae?iaiae/: A?ae?iaeaeaiiy,
1992. – N. 99-116; eiai ae Ieoaeei A?ooaanueeee ? eiai eiioeaioe?y
o?ueio ee?anueeeo aeaaeai?e // Iaoeiaee ca??iee OAAI o NOA. –
Iueth-Ei?e, 1992. – N. 279-318: eiai ae Ieoaeei A?ooaanueeee ?noi?ee ?
aoae?aie/ee iaoe??. Noaoo? ? iaoa??aee. – Iueth-Ei?e, Ee?a, Oi?iioi,
1995. – 304 n.

A?i aea ? ? oei a/aiei, ooi iine?aeiaii aeine?aeaeo? a?oe ae?yeueiino?
?noi?e/ii? oeiee I.A?ooaanueeiai, ieoaiiy “I.A?ooaanueeee ?
aea?aeaaieoeueeee iai?yi oe?a?inueei? ?noi??ia?ao??”, ?noi?e/ii? noaie
a/aiiai, i?iaeaiaoeeo “?noi??? Oe?a?ie-?one”, “A?ooaanueeee ye ?noi?ee
Oe?a?ie”, “I.A?ooaanueeee ? eiai eiioeaioe?y o?ueio ee?anueeeo
aeaaeai?e”. A?i oaeiae eiieaenii aea/a? a?ia?ao?th, ai?noiey???,
iaoeiao, iaaeaaia?/io, a?iiaaenueeo, iie?oe/io ae?yeuei?noue a?aeiiiai
?noi?eea. Cacia/aia oaiaoeea, a oaeiae ?io? noa?e ae?yeueiino? ?
oai?/ino? a/aiiai oe?eaaeee no/aniee?a I. A?ooaanueeiai, eiai o/i?a,
ni?a?ia?oiee?a oa i?eoeeueiee?a. *eneaii? i?aoe? a/aiiai e ioae?eaoe??
i?i iueiai, cie?aia I.Ei?aeoae, N.Oiiao?anueeiai, Ae.Aei?ioaiea,
A.E?oiieoeueeiai, I.Iieiinueei?-Aaneeaiei, I.Iaeiaeeia, I.Aioiiiae/a,
TH.Aieea-Aeio?ia, ?.Ai?uaea, ?.Aeoaiiae/a, I.Aeiia?ianueeiai, I.AEaeaia,
O.Iaoeuee?aa, ?.Eaiainueeiai, A.Eaioeeea, ?.O?ca?a, I.Ooeuea?ia, A.
Ee?aea, I.Iaea?/aiea, A.AEoeianueeiai, I.Noa?/a, ?.Eaae?eia,
E. Aeeianueeiai, A.Aei?ioaiea, I.Oaaeaiea, A.Eaae?ianueeiai, A.Einothea,
?.Iiaoeueeiai, I.Neaei?aiea, TH.Oeuaiea oa ?ioeo aeine?aeiee?a
i?noyoueny a oe?a?iiciaa/eo /aniienao, aeo?iaeao, aeueiaiaoao, ca??ieeao
iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, a?ioo?ao oa cao?eniaai? a a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo aeaeaiiyo.

18 Eaaeoeueeee ?. ?a?no? iaoeiaeo ? e?oa?aoo?ieo i?aoeue i?ioani?a
Ieoaeea A?ooaanueeiai // Iaoeiaee ca??iee, i?enay/aiee i?ioani?ia?
Ieoaeeo A?ooaanueeiio… (1894-1904). – Euea?a. – 1906. – N. 12-64;
Aaeeea Ae. oa ?i. Iaoa??aee aei a?ae?ia?ao?? ae?oeiaaieo i?aoeue
aeaaeai?ea A?ooaanueeiai ca 1905-1928 ??. //THa?eaeiee ca??iee ia iioaio
aeaaeai?ea Ieoaeea A?ooaanueeiai… – Ee?a, 1929. – O. O. – 104 n.;
Bidlo I. Michael Hrushevs’ky (I?aaa: Hakladem Cheska Akademie Ved a
Umem, 1935). – N. 37-43; Kopduba Myrop La literature historique
sovietique – ukrainienne (Ithioai: Wilhelm Fink Verlog, 1972). – N.
120-122; 162-167, 170-171; Doroshenko D. “Literature on M. Hrushevsky” a
eiai: A Suryly of Ukrainian Historigraphy, 1917-1956. “The annals of the
Ukrainian Academy Arts and Science in the U. S.”. – V-VI (Iueth-Ei?e,
1957). – N. 285-286; Ohloblyno “Bibliografy”. – Aeac. i?aoey. – N.
367-272; Iieiinueea-Aaneeaiei I. ?noi?e/ia iaoea a Oe?a?i? ca
?aaeyinueei? aeiae oa aeiey inoi?eeia // Caienee Iaoeiaiai Oiaa?enoaa
ii. O. A. Oaa/aiea. – 1962. – O.168. – N. 78-80; Nenoaiaoe/iee eaoaeia
aeaeaiue Anaoe?aiinueeii Aeaaeaii? Iaoe, 1918-1929. –Ee?a, 1930. –
201n.; Eaoaeia aeaeaiue Anaoe?a?inueei? Aeaaeai?? Iaoe ca 1930 ?. –
Ee?a, 1931. – 45 n.; Ooi?a?i Ae. Eaoaeia Aeaeaiue Oe?a?inueei? Aeaaeai??
Iaoe 1918-1930. – *eeaai: Oiaa?enoai oe?a?inueeeo a?ae?ioaea??a Aia?eee,
1966. – 236 n.; Aeia? E. A?ae?ia?ao?y i?aoeue i?i Ieoaeea A?ooaanueeiai
// Oe?a?inueeee ?noi?ee. – 1966.– *.1 — 2. – N. 122-129; 1984. – *. 1-4.
– N. 291-319; eiai ae iaoa??aee aei a?ae?ia?ao?? Ieoaeea A?ooaanueeiai
// Oe?a?inueeee ?noi?ee. – 1985. – *. 1-2. – N. 65-75; eiai ae Michael
Hrushevs’ky: Aiobibliographische Quella, 1966-1934. – Ithioai: Ukrainian
Trie Universitat, 1984. – C. 40-50; eiai ae Aibliography of ?ublications
on Michael Hrushevs’ky.– Aeac. i?aoey. – N. 173-203; Lubomyr P.Wynar. –
M.Hrushevs’ky: A. Selective Bibliography. – M.Hrushevs’ky: Ukraine
Russiane Confrontation in Historiography by Lubomir R. Winer
Toronto–New-York, 1988. – ??. 55-64; Iaoeiaee /aniien oe?a?iiciaanoaa
“Oe?a?ia” (1907-1932). Iieaae/ee ci?noo. – Ee?a: Aeaaeai?y Iaoe Oe?a?ie.
?inoeooo Oe?a?inueei? A?oaia?ao??. – 1993. – 140 n.; “Oe?a?inueeee
?noi?ee”. – aeo?iae Oe?a?inueeiai ?noi?e/iiai Oiaa?enoaa. Iieaae/ee
ci?noo (1963-1992) *. 1-115. – Ee?a: Aeaaeai?y Iaoe Oe?a?ie. ?inoeooo
Oe?a?inueei? A?oaia?ao??. Oe?a?inueea ?noi?e/ia Oiaa?enoai. – 1993. –
114 n.

Iacaai? aeine?aeieee i?aaenoaaeyee ??ci? aaia?aoe?? iaoeiaoe?a, ye?,
aeio?eioth/enue iaaieo ?noi??ia?ao?/ieo iai?yie?a o iaoeiaeo,
iaoeiai-iiioey?ieo ? ioae?oeenoe/ieo i?aoeyo, ia?aaaaeii oaeoieia?/ii ?
/anoeiai eiioeaiooaeueii a?aeoai?eee noi??iee iaoeiaiai aeeooy oa
iie?oe/ii? ae?yeueiino? I. A?ooaanueeiai. Ia noi??ieao “Oe?a?inueeiai
?noi?eea” ae?oeoaaeeny a?o?ai?, aaoia?ia?ao?/i? iaoa??aee, noaoo?
aeaeaoiiai a/aiiai. Aiaeii/an ca?oa?aei? oe?a?inuee? aeine?aeieee
i?iaiaeeee iaoeia? eiioa?aioe?? aei tha?eaeieo aeao, oei naiei
ci?oeithth/e i?aai?caoe?eio aaco a?ooaanueeiciaanoaa.

No/ani? a/ai? a Oe?a?i?, oae? ye ?.Ie??a , ?.Ae?e/ 20 Ae?e/ ?. Aianie
“Oe?a?inueeiai ?noi?eea” a A?ooaanueeiciaanoaa // Oe?a?inueeee ?noi?ee.
– 1994. – *. 1-4. – N. 102-109. o nai?o ioae?eaoe?yo caa?ioee oaaao ia
aei?iaie “Oe?a?inueeiai ?noi?eea” ? ie?ai? i?aoe? I.Iaeiaeeia,
I.Aeiia?ianueeiai, iniaeeai E.Aeia?a oa ?ioeo aeine?aeiee?a, ui aeeoe
i?ioyaii 1986-1991 ??. ? ooai?eee iaoeiaa a?ooaanueeiciaanoai ia
Caoiae?. Ca?oa?aeiei oe?a?inueeei a/aiei ?a?iie (I?aaa, Aa?e?i, Ia?eae),
Aia?eee, Eaiaaee, ia’?aeiaiei iaaeiei Oe?a?inueei? A?eueii? Aeaaeai??
Iaoe, Iaoeiaiai Oiaa?enoaa ?i. Oaa/aiea a ?a?ii?, NOA oa ?ioeo e?a?iao,
Oe?a?inueeiai ?noi?e/iiai Oiaa?enoaa aaeaeiny caa?aaoe iaee?au?
o?aaeeoe?? oe?a?inueei? aei ? i?ney?aaiethoe?eii? ?noi??ia?ao??.

Iaeiia?oee ia??iae iaoeiaiai a?ooaanueeiciaanoaa, ui i?eoiaeeoueny ia
1988-1991 ??., ni?aiaaea? c ii/aoeiaei i?ioeanii a?ae?iaeaeaiiy
iaoe?iiaeueii? ?noi??ia?ao?? a Oe?a?i?.

Aei aea/aiiy ?noi?e/ii? niaaeueie a/aiiai, a?ooaanueeiciaanoaa,
?noi??ia?ao?? e?ioey O?O – ii/aoeo OO no. i?e?aeiaeeny a?o/eciyi?
aeine?aeieee. Na?aae ieo – ss.Aeaoeaae/, ?.Ae?e/, A.Ao?eaea, ?.Aooe/,
ss.?na?ae/, I.AEoeeinueeee, ?.Aecthaa, I.Nioaiue, A.Oeueyiianueeee,
N.E??aea?a, A.Ca?oaa, E.Caoe?eueiye, ?.Ie??a, ss.A?eoeae, TH.Oaiiaae,
A.I?enoaeei, I.Eiieeaiei, N.A?eie?iue, A.Niie?e, ss.Aece?a,
I.A?ae/aanueeee, I.Ioce/oe, A.Naa?iee, A.Na?a?e/oe, I.Eoi/einueeee,
?.Ioaie/iee, I.?iiai?a, E.?ioiaeueei, ss.Iaeee, ?.Aa?aa, N.Iaiueeia,
A.Oaoeueeee oa ?i. Oe?a?inuee? ?noi?eee Ee?aa, Eueaiaa, aea iaea?eueoa
cina?aaeaeaii aeiiaaeaaia cae?eoeo a?o?aieo iaoa??ae?a, noie?iii
ii?aoeueiaothoue oiiaee a?o?ainoiaeu ? oeyoii ioae?eaoe?e ?ioi?iothoue
i?i ?o ci?no iaoeiao a?iiaaenuee?noue

 21 E??aea?a N. Aeieoiaioaeuei? iaoa??aee I. A?ooaanueeiai o oiiaeao
a?aeae?eo ?oeiien?a OeIA ?i. A. ?. Aa?iaaenueeiai AI O?N?. – Ee?a, 1991.
– 35 n.; Ae?e/ ?. Ai?noiey?ia niaaeueia Ieoaeea A?ooaanueeiai //
Iieaae/ee aei oiiaeo *. 1235 o OAe?A Oe?a?ie o i. Ee?a, 1996. – 21n.;
A?o?ai? iaoa??aee i?noyoueny a iiiia?ao?? I. Nioaiy, A.Oeueyiianueeiai,
N. E??aea?aa I.N.A?ooaanueeee ? Aeaaeai?y. – Ee?a, 1993. – N. 112-134;
Ie??a ?. AEeooy Ieoaeea A?ooaanueeiai. Inoaii? aeanyoee?ooy. – Ee?a,
1993. – 56 n.; I?enoaeei A., Oaiiaae TH., Ieoaeei A?ooaanueeee ?
AIO–IEAAe. – Ee?a. – 1996. – 330 n. . Aeaeathoueny iaiioae?eiaai? oai?e,
aaoia?ia?ao?/i? iaoa??aee, “Niiieie” I.A?ooaanueeiai, ia?aaeaeai?
“?noi??y Oe?a?ie-?one”, “?noi??y oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e”, “Anana?oiy
?noi??y” oa ?i.22 I.N. A?ooaanueeee “Niiieie” ioae?eaoe?y N. A?eieiiy. –
//Ee?a. – 1988. – ?9. – N. 115 – 149; ?10. – N. 123 — 158; ?11. – N.
113-153; ?12. – N. 110-148; 1989. – ?9. – N. 114-157; ?10. – N. 122-158;
?11. – N. 112-155; 12. – N. 111-162; 1992. – ?2. – N. 109-125; ?3. – N.
131-142.; I.N.A?ooaanueeee “Uiaeaiieee” (1883-1893). Ioae?eaoe?y
Eaii?aea Caoe?eueiyea //Ee?anueea noa?iaeia.– 1993. – **. 3-4. –
N. 34-45, 41-68; “Uiaeaiieee I.N.A?ooaanueeiai”. Ioae?eaoe?y ? eiiaioa??
?ai?y Ae?e/a // Ee?anueea noa?iaeia. – 1995. – A. ?. – N. 23-71;
“?noi??y Oe?a?ie-?one” // A?o/ecia. – 1989. – ??10-12; 1990. – ?? 1-8.
Ia?aaeiiaa A.A.Niie?y, I.?.Ao?ae?y. ?ai?eioia ioae?eaoe?y
iaeeiaaeoeyoeoiiii? “?noi??? Oe?a?ie–?one”, cae?eniaia ca aeaeaiiyie
ie?aieo oii?a, ui aeeoee o Eueaia? oa Ee?a? i?ioyaii 1898-1936 ??. –
Aeea.: Ieoaeei A?ooaanueeee. “?noi??y Oe?a?ie-?one” a iaeeiaaeoeyoe
oiiao, aeaaiaaeoeyoe eieaao (?aaeaeoe?eia eieaa?y I. N. Nioaiue (aieiaa)
oa ?i. ) – Ee?a: Iaoeiaa Aeoiea, 1991-1998. – OO. 1-O. 18-ai aa?aniy
1997 ?ieo a?aeaoeany i?acaioaoe?y ia?oiai oiio a aiae?enueeiio
ia?aeeaae? “?noi??? Oe?a?ie-?one” Iia? a?o?ai? iaoa??aee, ai?noiey???
oa i?aoe? oe?a?ineeo a/aieo, i?enay/ai? aeeooth ? ae?yeueiino?
I.A?ooaanueeiai, ae?oeothoueny ia noi??ieao aeo?iae?a: “A?o?ae Oe?a?ie”,
“Oe?a?inueeee ?noi?ee”, “A?oaia?ao?/iee ca??iee”, “Caienee IOO”,
“Oe?a?inueeee ?noi?e/iee aeo?iae”, “Noa?iaeeoiino?”, “Ee?anueea
noa?iaeia”, “Iai’youe noie?oue” oa ?i.

Iiyaa iaoeiaeo ca??iee?a23 Ieoaeei A?ooaanueeee: ae?yeuei?noue ? oai?/a
niaaeueia. ?aaeaeoi? Ethaiie? Aeia?. Iueth-Ei?e–Ee?a, 1991- 1992. – 451
n.; Ieoaeei A?ooaanueeee. Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue ? iaoa??ae?a
I?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe??, i?enay/aii? 125-??/ieoe? a?ae aeiy
ia?iaeaeaiiy I. A?ooaanueeiai. – Iaoeiaa Oiaa?enoai ?i. O. Oaa/aiea o
Eueaia?, Oe?a?inueea ?noi?e/ia Oiaa?enoai. ?aaeaeoi? ca??ieea
I.Eoi/einueeee. – Euea?a, 1994. – 487 n. Ieoaeei A?ooaanueeee ?
Euea?anueea ?noi?e/ia oeiea. Iaoa??aee eiioa?aioe??. Euea?a, 24-25
 aeiaoiy 1994 ?. ?aaeaeoi?e : ss?ineaa Aeaoeaae/, ss?ineaa A?eoeae. –
Oe?a?inueea ?noi?e/ia Oiaa?enoai, Euea?anueea a?aeae?eaiiy ?inoeoooo
oe?a?inueei? a?oaieia?? oa aeaea?aeiciaanoaa ?i. I. A?ooaanueeiai IAI
Oe?a?ie, ?inoeooo ?noi?e/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue Euea?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. ?. O?aiea. – Euea?a — Iueth-Ei?e 1995. – 236 n.;
Ieoaeei A?ooaanueeee ? Cao?aeia Oe?a?ia. Aeiiia?ae? ? iia?aeiieaiiy
eiioa?aioe?? (i. Euea?a, 26-28 aeiaoiy 1994 ?.) Euea?anueeee aea?aeaaiee
oi?aa?neoao ?i. ?. O?aiea, Iaoeiaa Oiaa?enoai ?i. O. Oaa/aiea,
A?aeae?eaiiy ?noi???, o?einio?? ? i?aaa IAI Oe?a?ie, Oiaa?enoai
I?ina?oa. – Euea?a, 1994. – 350 n.; Aaeeeee Oe?a?iaoeue. Iaoa??aee c
aeeooy I.N.A?ooaanueeiai. – Ee?a: Aanaeea 1992. – 542 n.; Ieoaeei
A?ooaanueeee.: nooae?? ? iaoa??aee. C iaaiaee 130-e?ooy c aeiy
ia?iaeaeaiiy // Oe?a?inueeee ?noi?ee. – 1996. – *. 1-4 (128-131)
THa?eaeia aeaeaiiy. – Iueth-Ei?e, Oi?iioi, Ee?a, Euea?a, I?ae
caaaeueiith ?aaeaeoe??th Ethaiie?a Aeia?a. – 485 n.; Ieoaeei
A?ooaanueeee ? no/ania ?noi?e/ia aeoiea. Iaoa??aee iaoeiai?
eiioa?aioe??, i?enay/aii? 130-??//th a?ae aeiy ia?iaeaeaiiy Ieoaeea
A?ooaanueeiai. Euea?a, 29 aa?aniy 1996?. //Euea?anuee? ?noi?e/i? i?aoe?
Iaoa??aee can?aeaiue eiioa?aioe?e. – Euea?a –Iueth-Ei?e, 1996. – 205 n.
? iane?aeeii ni?ai?aoe? a?ooaanueeiciaaoe?a c Oe?a?ie e ae?anii?e.
Na?aae oe?a?inueeeo ?noi?ee?a, ye? iaea?eueoa i?eneoaeeeeny iiaiio
a?aee?eooth aeey oe?a?inueeiai

ia?iaeo niaaeueie I.A?ooaanueeiai, ? ss.Aeaoeaae/24 Aeaoeaae/ ss. I?i
Ieoaeea A?ooaanueeiai // Cono??/?. – Aa?oaaa. – 1989. – ?19(1). – N.
188-197; eiai ae Ooi oaeee Ieoaeei A?ooaanueeee //Oe?a?inueea iaoea ?
eoeueoo?a. Ui??/iee. – E. , 1899. – Aei. 23. – N. 192-201; eiai ae
Iaeaeaeaoi?oee oe?a?inuee?e ?noi?ee // Neiai ? /an. – E; 1991. – ?9. –
N. 18-24; eiai ae Ca iaoeiaei ea?iii. Ieoaeei A?ooaanueeee ? ii/aoie
i?aai?caoe?? oe?a?inueei? iaoee // A?niee Aeaaeai?? iaoe Oe?a?inueei?
?N?. – E., 1991.– ?9. – N. 52-60.; eiai ae Ieoaeei A?ooaanueeee
oai?aoeue eiioeaioe?? oe?a?inueei? iaoe?iiaeueii? iaoee //?aoooa. –
Euea?a, 21-22 na?iiy 1991 ?. – N. 1-5.; eiai ae. Aeeaeoeny ia ?noi??th
ia e??cue ?iaeaa? aai /i?i? ieoey?e? ?iciiao caienaa ?.Ae?e/ //
Noa?iaeeoiino?. – Ee?a, 1992. – *. 16-17. – N. 4-5.; eiai ae Ieoaeei
A?ooaanueeee – oai?aoeue eiioeaioe?? oe?a?inueei? iaoe?iiaeueii? iaoee
// Iaoeiaa Oiaa?enoai ?i. O.Oaa/aiea Oe?a?inueea iaoe?iiaeueia
a?ae?iaeaeaiiy. Ia?oa iaoeiaa nan?y IOO, Aa?acaiue 1990 ?. Aeiiia?ae?,
iia?aeiieaiiy, iaoa??aee. – Euea?a. – 1992. – N. 65-71.; eiai ae Ieoaeei
A?ooaanueeee – i?aai?caoi? oe?a?inueei? iaoe?iiaeueii? iaoee // I.
A?ooaanueeee. Ca. iaoe. i?aoeue ? iaoa??aee.– Euea?a, 1994. – N. 93-102
oa ?i. , eio?ee ua a 1988-89 ??., ?acii c N.A?eieiiai o aenooiao ia
eiioa?aioe?yo ? a nai?o noaooyo ni?inoiaoaaa ia?o?eio ?ioa?i?aoaoe?th
iinoao? aeaeaoiiai a/aiiai ? iie?oeea. Euea?anueeee ?noi?ee aeeaiei ?
iine?aeiaii ?ice?eaa? ci?no iaoeiai? niaaeueie, noni?eueii-iie?oe/ii?
ae?yeueiino? I.A?ooaanueeiai. Eiaeia eiai ioae?eaoe?y aiineoue iia? ?ene
a caaaeueio ea?oeio iai?oaeaii? i?aoe? aeaeaoiiai oe?a?inueeiai
?ioaeaeooaea, canoa??aa? no/anieo iaoeiaoe?a a?ae “caa?iicoaaiiy” ?
oi?iaeueiiai i?aeoiaeo aei iinoao? ? oai?/ino? iaeaeaeaoi?oiai ?noi?eea
Oe?a?ie. ss.Aeaoeaae/ o nai?e iaoeia?e i?aoe? iaae niaaeueiith
I.A?ooaanueeiai i?ioan?eii ii?aeio? iiioey?i?noue aeeeaaeo c a?oioiaieie
aiae?oe/ii-neioaoe/ieie ii?aoethaaiiyie ?noi?e/ii? oai?/ino? a/aiiai.
Oaeee aea oai?/ee i?aeo?ae i?eoaiaiiee i?aoeyi E.Caoe?eueiyea,
i?enay/aiei I.A?ooaanueeiio25 Caoe?eueiye.E. Neaa?noeea a iaoeia?e
niaaeuei? oa ?noi??inio?? I.A?ooaanueeiai // I?iaeaie neia’yiiciaanoaa.
I?aea?aeii/ee iaoeiaee ca??iee. – Euea?a. – 1994. – Aei.46. – N. 3-24;
eiai ae I.A?ooaanueeee ? Aaee/eia (aei i?e?caeo aei Eueaiaa 1894 ?.) //
Oe?a?inueeee ?noi?ee. – 1996. – *. 1-4. – N. 204-219; eiai ae ?noi?e/ia
niaaeueia I.N.A?ooaanueeiai a eiioaeno? cao?aeii?a?iiaenueei?
?noi??ia?ao?? ii/aoeo XX no. // A?niee Euea?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo. Na??y
?noi?e/ia. – Euea?a, 1997. – Aei.32. – N. 110-118 oa ?i. .

Iii?oiei yaeuai inoaii?o ?ie?a noa? caa?iaiiy oe?a?inueeeo a/aieo aei
?noi?eei-iaoeiaiai aiae?co ae?yeueiino?, noaio ? aieiaieo aoai?a
?icaeoeo iaoeiai? ? i?ina?oieoeueei? ae?yeueiino? ?noi?e/ieo oa
i?e?iaeiiaoeiaeo oiaa?enoa a Oe?a?i? ae?oai? iieiaeie XIX – ii/aoeo XX
no. Na?aae ieo aeae?eythoueny i?aoe? A.Naa/oea.26 Naa/oe A.
Anoanoaaiiiiao/iua iauanoaa thaa ?ineeneie eiia?ee aoi?ie iieiaeiu XIX
— ia/aea XX a. – Aeiai?iiao?iane, 1994.– 232 n. – eiai ae Aeaeaoi?
ae?y/? Eaoa?eiineaanueeiai iaoeiaiai oiaa?enoaa ye e?a?ciaaoe? (i-ee aei
ia?niiae?e ?.ss.Aeeio??aa oa ss.I.Iiaeoeueeiai) // I-ee VI Anaoe?.
iaoe. eiio. c ?noi??? e?a?ciaanoaa.– Eooeuee, 1993. – N. 259-260;
Ae.?.ssai?ieoeueeee ? Eaoa?eiineaanueea iaoeiaa oiaa?enoai //
I?aeia?iaeia eiioa?aioe?y “ ?aa?iiaeueia oa caaaeueia a ?noi???”,
i?enay/aia 140-??//th c aeiy ia?iaeaeaiiy Ae.?.ssai?ieoeueeiai. –
Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1995. – N.5-8 oa ?i.

A?ae/oooy iaiao?aeiino? inyaiooe ?noi?e/io o?aaeeoe?th, caa?iooe nai?
iiaeyaee a ieioea, aeeaiei aea/eoe niaaeueio iiia?aaei?o iieie?iue
oe?a?inueeeo ?noi?ee?a, ?icai?iooe iia? eiioeaioe?? ?noi??? Oe?a?ie e ia
aeiiiaiai?e aeaea?aeuei?e aac? ia?aaeyiooe e inieneeoe ?noi?e/io
niaaeueio O?O – ii/aoeo OO no. i?eaaei oe?a?inueeeo a/aieo aei ni?ia
aeeaieiai ? ia’?eoeaiiai aiae?co noaio oe?a?inueei? ?noi?e/ii? iaoee.

O 1990-io ?ioe? ?i?oe?th?oueny noai?aiiy i?ia?aie eiiieaeniiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aena?oeaiiy an?o ia??iae?a ? i?iaeai ?noi???
oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo a?ae iaeaeaai?oeo /an?a ? aei oaia?.27 Aeea.:
Oe?a?inueeee ?noi?e/iee aeo?iae. N 1990. – ?11. – N. 3-9, ? 12 – N.
3-11.

A ianooii? ?iee c i?iaeai aeine?aeaeaiiy ?noi??? Oe?a?ie i?iaaaeaii
ia?oee “e?oaeee no?e” ca?oa?aeieo ? a?o/eciyieo oe?a?inueeeo ?noi?ee?a28
I?iaeaie aeine?aeaeaiiy ?noi??? Oe?a?ie. Ia?oee E?oaeee no?e ?noi?ee?a.
Neaanueei, 4-6 aa?aniy 1990 ?. Aeiiia?ae?, aenooie, aeeneon?y. – Euea?a,
1993. – 220 n. , /eneaii? anaoe?a?inuee? iaoeia? eiioa?aioe??, cie?aia
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i? a Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiio oi?aa?neoao? (1993, 1995),
iaoeiaa eiioa?aioe?y a Oa?eia? c i?iaeai ?icaeoeo ?noi?e/ii? iaoee ia
ii?ic? OO? no. (1995).29 Oe?a?iiciaanoai ? aoiai?caoe?y ina?oe. Oace
aeiiia?aeae Anaoe?a?inueei? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe??, i?enay/aii?
75-??//th Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo, 19-21 o?aaiy 1993 ?. –
Aei?i?iiao?ianuee: A-ai AeAeO. – 1993. – *. ??. – 178 n.; ?aa?iiaeueia ?
caaaeueia a ?noi???. Oace aeiiia?aeae I?aeia?iaeii? eiioa?aioe??,
i?enay/aii? 140-??//th a?ae aeiy ia?iaeaeaiiy Ae. ssai?ieoeueeiai oa
50-e?ooth O??? A?oaieia?/iiai c’?caeo (eenoiiaae 1995 ?.) –
Aei?i?iiao?ianuee: Ii?iae. – 1995. – 328 n.; Aeaea?aeiciaa/? oa
?noi??ia?ao?/i? i?iaeaie ?noi??? Oe?a?ie: oai??y oa iaoiaee //
I?aeaoc?anueeee ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. – Aei?i?iiao?ianuee. – 1995. –
204 n.; ?noi?e/ia iaoea ia ii?ic? OO? noie?ooy: i?aenoiee oa
ia?niaeoeae. Iaoa??aee Anaoe?a?inueei? iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe?? (i. Oa?e?a.
15-17 eenoiiaaea 1995 ?. ). – Oa?e?a, 1995. – 354 n.

Oe?ieiai ?iciaoo iaaoee ?aa?iiaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy, a yeeo a/ai?
caa?oathoue iniaeeao oaaao ia ?icaeoie ?noi?e/ii? iaoee a e?ioe? O?O –
ia ii/aoeo OO no., ui cana?ae/o? caiaaeaai?noue ii?aoethaaiiy, a neeo
?aeaieia?/ieo i?e/ei, cacia/aii? i?iaeaiaoeee a iiia?aaei? aeanyoee?ooy.
Oeei aea iiynith?oueny iiyaa cia/iiai ianeao i?aoeue, i?enay/aieo
iaoeia?e niaaeuei? aaia?aoe?? oe?a?inueeeo ?noi?ee?a, ye? ienaee nai?
aeine?aeaeaiiy ia iaae? O?O ? OO noie?oue. No/ani? oe?a?inuee? a/ai?
ona?aeiieththoue noni?eueia cia/aiiy iaoeiai? ae?yeueiino?, iio?aao
anaa?/iiai aiae?co iaoeiaiai aei?iaeo I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, ?.O?aiea,
I.Einoiia?iaa, A.Aioiiiae/a, I.Eoe?oa, I.Eaca?aanueeiai,
Ae.ssai?ieoeueeiai, Ae.Aei?ioaiea oa ?i., iaiao?aei?noue iiaiai
i?i/eoaiiy ? iaoia?aaeaeaieo ioe?iie ?o oai?/i? niaaeueie. (?oi? i?aoe?
i?iaiae?ciaai? a iao?e iiiia?ao?? “Ai?oath/e noi??iee … Aeoiee i?i
“?noi??th Oe?a?ie-?one” I.A?ooaanueeiai ? oe?a?inueeo ?noi??ia?ao?th
80-o ?ie?a O?O – ii/aoeo OO no.” (1996). — N. 151-210 oa a
aeena?oaoe??.-N. 164-200).

Noaiiaeaiiy iiai? oe?a?inueei? ?noi?e/ii? oeiee, yea a?aeaoaa?oueny ia
no/aniiio aoai? ?icaeoeo ?noi?e/ii? iaoee, aenoaa? ia ii?yaeie aeaiiee
ieceo ?noi?e/ieo i?iaeai, iia’ycaieo c iaiao?aei?noth a?aoiaoaaoe
caeiaooee iaoee ia ?? iiia?aaei?o aoaiao, ieoaiue iaoiaeieia?/iiai
oa?aeoa?o, ui iio?aaothoue naiai iaoeiaiai ?ica’ycaiiy e aena?oeaiiy.
?aeooue iiooee oeyo?a aei noai?aiiy no/anii? eiioeaioe?? aaaaoioiiii?
“?noi??? oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo”30 Neiiiaiei ?. N. Aei eiioeaioe??
aaaaoioiiii? “?noi??? oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo”. – E. , 1993. – 90 n. ,
?noi??inionueeeo i?aeaaeei ?noi?e/iiai iinooio, iaoiaeieia?? ?noi?e/ii?
iaoee.31 A?ae/aanueeee I. ?noi??inio?/i? i?aeaaeeie ?noi?e/iiai iinooio
// Oe?a?inueeee ?noi?ee.– 1994. — *. 1-4. – N. 234 -249.

AEo?iaeuei? ioae?eaoe??, a yeeo a?aeaeca?eaeththoueny iiaeyaee ia noai
?noi?e/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue, aeaiiino?othoue oe?eee niaeo? aeoiie
iaoeiaoe?a: a?ae caia?a/aiiy caeiaooe?a ?noi?e/ii? iaoee aei 1991 ?.,
iniaeeai 70-80-o ??., – aei iaiaaaiiy ia aac? niaaeueie oe??? ae
?noi??ia?ao?? ie?aneeoe i?iaeaiaoeeo iaeaooi?o iaoeiaeo i?aoeue ?
ia?aaeyiooe ?nioth/? ioe?iee noaio iaae??a?noe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue a
Oe?a?i? a ae?oa?e iieiaei? O?O – ia ii/aoeo OO no. (iai?eeeaae, ia
i?aenoaa? ii??aiyiiy c ?noi??ia?ao?/iith neooaoe??th a
cao?aeii?a?iiaenueeeo e?a?iao).

*anoeia oe?a?inueeeo ?noi?ee?a, ia ii?eaath/e c iiaeyaeaie oaeeo
aeine?aeiee?a, ye A.I?/aoa, I.Aaiooaei, A.Na?aae, a oaeiae ss.Aeaoeaae/,
I.Eiaaeuenueeee, ss.?na?ae/, E.Caoe?eueiye, A.Aieaa?oo, ?.Eieaniee,
O.Iiiiaa, ooea? nai? i?aeoiaee, aeine?aeaeoth/e ?noi??th, ?noi??ia?ao?th
?noi??? Oe?a?ie.

Iiaa iieie?iiy ?noi?ee?a, caa?oath/enue aei ?noi??ia?ao?? (iniaeeai O?O
– ii/aoeo OO no.), noaaeoue ieoaiiy i?i iaiao?aei?noue ?ic?iaee iiai?
ia??iaeecaoe?? oe?a?inueei? ?noi??ia?ao??.

Eiie?aoiee oaeoieia?/iee iaoa??ae, ?acii ?c aiae?cii i?ioeano
noaiiaeaiiy ?noi?e/ii? iaoee, nioe?ieoeueoo?ieo oa aiinaieia?/ieo
ooieoe?e oiai/anieo ?noi?e/ieo yaeu, i?noeoueny o i?aoeyo A. E?aa/aiea
oa N. Eaaace.32 E?aa/aiei. A. Ia?ene c oe?a?inueei? ?noi??ia?ao?? aiioe
iaoe?iiaeueiiai a?ae?iaeaeaiiy (ae?oaa iieiaeia OV??? – na?aaeeie O?O
no.). – Oa?e?a: Iniiaa. – 1996. – 376 n.; Eaaaca N. ?iiaioeci ?
oe?a?inueea ?noi??ia?ao?y: Iaoiaeieia?/iee aniaeo: Aeen… eaiaeeaeaoa
?noi?e/ieo iaoe. – Aei?i?iiao?ianuee. – 1998. – 201 n. Aaoi?e
i?aeaiooaaee ci?noiai? ia?ene oe?a?inueei? ?noi??ia?ao?? ae?oai?
iieiaeie OVIII – na?aaeeie O?O no. ? ia i?aenoaa? aiae?co i?aoeue
i?ia?aeieo ?noi?ee?a Oe?a?ie ?ice?eaathoue ci?no ?iiaioecio ye
eoeueoo?ii-?noi?e/iiai yaeua ? iiia?aaeieea ia?iaeieoeueeiai iai?yieo a
oe?a?inuee?e ?noi??ia?ao??. ?noi?e/ia aeoiea a/aieo O?O – ii/aoeo OO
no. i?eaa?ioea oaaao N.Noaeueiaoa.33 Noaeueiao N. ?noi?e/ia aeoiea a
Oe?a?i? O?O – ii/aoeo OO no. E.: Aeae-ai “Aeaaeai?y”. – 1997. – 176 n.

A?ae ?ica?aeee A.Na?aay,34 Na?aae A. A. Aei ieoaiiy i?i iaoeiao
niaaeueio aeaaeai?ea I.N.A?ooaanueeiai // Oe?a?inueeee ?noi?e/iee
aeo?iae.– 1989. – ?10. – N. 114 -126. iaoeiai-aiae?oe/iiai na??aeo
noaoae ?.Ie?iaa i?i I. A?ooaanueeiai,35 Ie??a ?.ss. I.N.A?ooaanueeee
i?ae ?noi???th ? iie?oeeith (1924-1934) //Oe?a?inueeee ?noi?e/iee
aeo?iae. – 1991. – ?4 – N. 54-64; ?5. – N. 50-61.; ?7. – N. 38-48.; ?8.
– N. 54-63.; ?9. – N. 50-60.; ? 10. – N. 44-51. aei oe?eiai iiia?a,
i?ioiaeeoue oeyo ?aaa?e?oaoe?? a “Oe?a?inueeiio ?noi?e/iiio aeo?iae?” e
?noi?e/ia iaoea a Oe?a?i? e?ioey O?O – ii/aoeo OO no.36 Nieaeaoaiei A.
O. Aianie I. N. A?ooaanueeiai a eiioeaioe?th oe?a?inueei? ?aaiethoe?? //
Oe?a?inueeee ?noi?e/iee aeo?iae. – 1996. – ?5 – N. 3-27; Eiieeaiei I.E.,
Eiieeaiei I.E.: I.N.A?ooaanueeee ? aeaye? i?iaeaie ?icaoaeiae
Oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaae. – Aeac. i?aoey – N. 28-36., Aa?nothe A. O.
I.N.A?ooaanueeee o ia?o?e ia??iae ae?yeueiino? Oeaio?aeueii? ?aaee. –
Aeac. i?aoey – N. 37-49., ?oaeueia I.N. I.N.A?ooaanueeee: ia?oee ??e o
?aaeyinuee?e Oe?a?i? (ni?iae ?aeiino?oeoe??). – Aeac. i?aoey – N.
90-70.; Ie??a ?.ss. A?ooaanueeiciaanoai: noai oa ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo. –
Aeac. i?aoey – N. 71-82.; I?enoaeei A. ?., Oaiiaaeia TH.?. Noi??iee
a?ia?ao?? I.N.A?ooaanueeiai a na?oe? oa?iieo aeieoiaio?a AeIO-IEAN. –
Aeac. i?aoey – N. 83-88.; Ia?eia A.?.Eenooaaiy I.N.A?ooaanueeiai e
I.I.Oaoiaoiaa. – Aeac. i?aoey – N. 89-105.; A?eieiiue N.?. Ee?anueea
oeiea Aeaae. I.N.A?ooaanueeiai. – Aeac. i?aoey – N. 106-130 oa ?i.

Iei? oi?io?oueny iia?oiy oaiaeaioe?y ca ?aooiie ii?aeiaiiy coneeue
ca?oa?aeieo ? a?o/eciyieo oe?a?inueeeo a/aieo ia i?aenoaa? iiaiai
niiniao ieneaiiy, ci?ith?oueny noaaeaiiy aei niaaeueie ?noi?ee?a e?ioey
O?O – ii/aoeo OO no., i?eoiaeeoue iiaa ona?aeiieaiiy noaio oiai/anii?
oe?a?inueei? ?noi?e/ii? iaoee, niaaeueie I.A?ooaanueeiai, eiai i?noey ia
eeoa a oe?a?inuee?e, a e o na?oia?e iaooe?.

?icoi?iiy aaaeeeaino? iiai? ?ioa?i?aoaoe??, iiaiai i?i/eoaiiy
eiioeaioe?e I.A?ooaanueeiai ona?aeiieaia i?aaenoaaieeaie no/anii? iaoee.
sse cana?ae/eea cono??/ ?aaeaeoi?a “Oe?a?inueeiai ?noi?e/iiai aeo?iaeo”
A.?e/ee ?c caniiaieeii ? aieiaiei ?aaeaeoi?ii aeo?iaeo “Oe?a?inueeee
?noi?ee” E.Aeia?ii, iniaeeao aeooaeuei?noue aeey ?icaeoeo ?noi?e/ii?
iaoee ia? ?ic?iaea ?? oai?aoe/ieo i?aeaaeei.37 ?e/ea A.I. “Oe?a?inueeee
?noi?e/iee aeo?iae” ? “Oe?a?inueeee ?noi?ee”. – 1994. – *. ?-2. – N.
355.   18 aeiaoiy 1993 ?ieo i?ia?aeiee a?ooaanueeiciaaaoeue E.Aeia?
ii?ioi?ioaaa A.?e/eo i?i iniiai? caaaeaiiy “Oe?a?inueeiai ?noi?eea” ?
Oe?a?inueeiai ?noi?e/iiai Oiaa?enoaa, a oaeiae i?i i?iaaaeaiiy ?
?acoeueoaoe ia?oi? iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe?? Ee?anueeiai ina?aaeeo O?O
“I?oieia?y a oe?a?inuee?e ?noi??ia?ao?? (O?O – OO no.)”.38 ?e/ea A.I.
Aeac. i?aoey.

39 ?e/ea A. I. Aeac. i?aoey. – N. 356.

A/aieie iaaiai?aia iiaeeea?noue i?iaaaeaiiy “e?oaeiai noieo” ca o/anoth
i?ia?aeieooe?a?inueeeo ?noi?ee?a ia oaio: “Iaoiaeieia?/i? e
oa?i?iieia?/i? i?iaeaie ?noi??? Oe?a?ie”. Ia ?o ia?aeiiaiiy, aieiaiith
oaiith oeueiai iaaiai?aiiy ia? noaoe ?noi?e/ia noaia I. A?ooaanueeiai.
Iiaa eaea i?i ?? ino/aniaiiy ? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a oe?a?inueeo iaoeiao
?noi??ia?ao?th. Cie?aia A. ?e/ea iaaieioo? ia oiio, ui “eaeaoueny i?i
iiaeaeue-noaio oe?a?inueei? iaoeiai? iaoe?iiaeueii? ?noi??ia?ao??, yea
ioiiethaaea a on? ia??iaee e iniiai? yaeua ?noi??? Oe?a?ie e ia’?eoeaio
?noi?e/io oa?i?iieia?th. ssnii, ui iaeoa?aeoa?i?o? ?ene e cia/aiiy
aeinyaiaiue a?o/eciyii? ?noi??ia?ao?? e?ioey O?O – ii/aoeo OO no.,
aca?iica’ycee oa aca?iiaieeae, ?noi??ia?ao?/ia oa eiioeaiooaeueia
ianooii?noue iathoue aooe a oeaio?? oaeeo iaaiai?aiue. Iaoa??aee
“e?oaeiai noieo” ia?aaeaa/a?oueny aena?oeeoe ia noi??ieao ?noi?e/ieo
aeo?iae?a.

Cacia/aia na?ae/eoue i?i iaiao?aei?noue iiaii? ?ioaa?aoe?? ? aaaaeaiiy o
iaoeiaee ia?a caeiaooe?a oe?a?inueei? ?noi?e/ii? iaoee e?ioey O?O –
ii/aoeo OO no.

Ia iao iiaeyae, i?iaeaiia ?noi??ia?ao?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy ia?
aeoea?coaaoe coneeey iiai? oaee? a?ooaanueeiciaaoe?a, ?noi?ee?a iaoee,
i?enei?eoe a?eueo aeeaiea aea/aiiy iaoeiai? niaaeueie I.A?ooaanueeiai,
aeicaieeoe ?ice?eoe aioo??oi? caeiiii??iino? ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueei?
?noi?e/ii? iaoee 80-o ?ie?a O?O – ii/aoeo OO no.

Ia’?eoii aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? i?ioean noaiiaeaiiy oa
?icaeoeo iaoeiaeo ciaiue i?i I. A?ooaanueeiai, ?noi?e/io iaoeo a Oe?a?i?
80-o ??. O?O – ii/aoeo OO no.

I?aaeiaoii ?iaioe ? aea/aiiy oeueiai ia??iaeo ia ??cieo aoaiao
?noi??ia?ao??, ?icaeoeo iniiaieo oaiaeaioe?e o aea/aii? I. A?ooaanueeiai
ye i?ia?aeiiai ?aeaieiaa, e?aea?a e i?aai?caoi?a ?noi?e/ii? iaoee, ??
?ino?oiaioa??th o 80-o ??. O?O – ia ii/aoeo OO no.

Iaoa i?iiiiiaaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a ?noi??ia?ao?/i?e
?aeiino?oeoe?? noaio oe?a?inueei? ?noi?e/ii? iaoee ia ?oaaae? O?O ? OO
noie?oue, ?ai?acaioaoe?y a i?e iaoeiai? niaaeueie I.A?ooaanueeiai.

Aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe iaiao?aeii ?icaycaoe oae?
caaaeaiiy:

– aecia/eoe ??aaiue iaoeiai-oai?aoe/iiai iiaioaaiiy i?iaeaie oa
c’ynoaaoe eiioeaiooaeuei? canaaee ca?oa?aeii?, ?aaeyinueei? oa no/anii?
?noi??ia?ao?? uiaei ?noi?e/ii? iaoee ia ceai? O?O ? OO no.;

– cai?iiiioaaoe oai?aoe/io iiaeaeue aea/aiiy ieioeiai ?noi?e/ii? iaoee;

– aecia/eoe no/ani? i?aeoiaee aei i?iaeaie ia??iaeecaoe?? oe?a?inueei?
?noi??ia?ao?? ? i?noey a i?e ia??iaeo 80-o ??. O?O – ii/aoeo OO no.;

– c’ynoaaoe oai?aoe/ii-iaoiaeieia?/i? i?aeoiaee aei aecia/aiiy noaio
?noi?e/ii? iaoee a Oe?a?i? ia ceai? O?O ? OO noie?oue;

– c’ynoaaoe, yeei /eiii a?aeaoaa?oueny aea/aiiy caaaeueieo ?
eiie?aoieo i?iaeai noaio oe?a?inueei? ?noi?e/ii? iaoee e?ioey O?O –
ii/aoeo OO no.;

– i?iaiae?coaaoe noai aea/aiiy ae?yeueiino? i?aai?caoe?eieo onoaiia
oe?a?inueei? ?noi?e/ii? iaoee a ?noi?e/ieo i?aoeyo, i?enay/aieo oe?e
aeia?;

– aecia/eoe aoaie ?icaeoeo iaoeiaeo ciaiue i?i iaoeiao ae?yeuei?noue,
?noi?e/io oai?/?noue I.A?ooaanueeiai ? o?ainoi?iaoe?th oeeo ciaiue o
iaoeiaa a?ooaanueei-ciaanoai;

– iieacaoe no/aniee noai aeine?aeaeaiiy a?ia?ao??, aoai?a aeeooy,
ia??iae?a oai?/ino? I.A?ooaanueeiai;

– i?iaiae?coaaoe noai aea/aiiy i?iaeaie: I.A?ooaanueeee ? iaoeia? oeiee
a oe?a?inuee?e ?noi??ia?ao??;

– iieacaoe i?ioean aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoiaeieia?/ieo ianoaiia, ?noi?e/ii?
oa ?noi??ia?ao?/ii? eiioeaioe?e I.A?ooaanueeiai;

– aecia/eoe noai ? nooi?iue aea/aiiy oe??? oaie a no/ani?e ?noi?e/i?e
e?oa?aoo?? oa iae?aneeoe oeyoe ?? iiaeaeueoiai ii?aoethaaiiy.

Iaoiaeieia?/io iniiao aeine?aeaeaiiy noaiiaeoue iieiaeaiiy i?i
ae?aeaeoeeo ?aeiino? ? aca?iiae?? caaaeueiiiaoeiaeo,
i?aeaeenoeeie?ia?ieo i?aeoiae?a, a oaeiae ?aeay aeiaeaoeiaino?, ui
ia?aaeaa/athoue iai?i, aca?iii?iieeiaiiy ?aeae oa iiaeyae?a, oe?iea
caiice/aiiy ?noi?e/iith iaoeith aeine?aeieoeueeeo iaoiae?a ?ioeo iaoe.
Inoaii? cia/ii ni?ey? caaaa/aiith ci?noo i?aaeiaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy.
?iaioa aaco?oueny ia nenoaii?e iaoiaeieia??, eiee ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy
?icaeyaea?oueny ye iaaia nenoaia, a ?? eiiiiiaioe aca?iiae?thoue i?ae
niaith, neeaaeath/e ye?nii iiao noeoii?noue iaoeiaeo ciaiue, iia’ycaio
?c oai?/?noth ?noi?eea, anaa?/iei aena?oeaiiyi eiai iaoeiai? a?ia?ao??,
?noi?e/ieo iiaeyae?a, ae?yeueiino? noai?aieo iei iaoeiaeo onoaiia oa ?i.

Iaeiei ?c i?ia?aeieo i?eioeei?a ? i?eioeei oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/ii?
?aeiino?oeoe?? ieioeiai ?noi?e/ii? iaoee ?c caeo/aiiyi ?aoeaeneaii?
iiaeae? ?noi??ia?ao??, aeei?enoaiiy ?? iaoiaeieia?/ieo iiaeeeainoae o
iaoeiaiio i?ciaii?. O aea/aii? I.A?ooaanueeiai, eiai ?noi?e/ii?
niaaeueie aeei?enoiaothoueny iiaeeeaino? a?ooaanueeiciaanoaa ye
iaoeiai? aeenoeeie?ie, ui ia? na?e i?aaeiao, caaaeaiiy, ?ino?oiaioa??e,
i?e?iiiaeae? aeine?aeaeaiiy, ye? ei?aniiiaeothoueny ?c
caaaeueiii?eeiyoeie noaiaie ?noi?e/iiai, ?noi??ia?ao?/iiai oa
a?i?noi??ia?ao?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Aea/aiiy ?noi?e/iiai a?ooaanueeiciaanoaa, ui ? neeaaeiaith /anoeiith
eiiieaeno ??ciiiai?oieo ciaiue, ia?aaeaa/a? canoinoaaiiy nenoaiiiai
i?aeoiaeo ye iaoiaeieia?/iiai caniao iaoeiaiai i?ciaiiy. A?i a?aee?eaa?
iiaeeea?noue ia’?aeiaoe i?ae iaeiei eooii ci?o no?oeoo?o ? ci?no
aii??e/ieo cania?a ?c oai?aoe/ieie oyaeaiiyie, ? aeiaaa? a?aooaaiiy
noia?a/eeaeo iiaeyae?a ia niaaeueio aei?aaiethoe?eieo ?noi?ee?a ?
iniaeeai I.A?ooaanueeiai.

Aeoiaey/e ?c ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? caaaeueiiiaoeiaeo i?eioeei?a – ?noi?e/iiai,
ia’?eoeaiiai oa eia?/iiai – oaaaa cina?aaeaeoaaeanue ia aeine?aeaeaii?
?noi?e/ieo ciaiue o o?iiieia?/i?e iine?aeiaiino? oa a ?o
eiioeaiooaeuei?e ?aeiino?, aaiac? ? iiaeaeueoiio ?icaeoeo ye /anoeie
caaaeueiiai ?noi??ia?ao?/iiai i?ioeano, a oaeiae ia c’ynoaaii?
i?ia?aeieo oaiaeaioe?e ?icaeoeo ?noi?e/ii? iaoee, i?ioeano ?ooo oa
oiia?eueiaiiy iaoeiai? aeoiee ia iaaieo aoaiao ?icaeoeo ?noi??ia?ao??
i?iaeaie.

?noi??ia?ao?/iee i?ioean aea/a?oueny o aeaio ??aiyo:
caaaeueiioai?aoe/iiio ? i?eeeaaeiiio. Aeyaeyth/e ?o aca?iiae?th ye
?aeiino? ?noi?e/ieo ciaiue oa i?ioeano, aei aiae?co caeo/athoueny oae?
eaoaai??? no/anii? eoeueoo?e oa iaoee, ye “?iiaioeci”, “ia?iaeieoeoai”,
“aea?aeaaieoeoai”, “iaoe?iiaeueia a?ae?iaeaeaiiy”, “?noi?e/ia
na?aeii?noue”, “iaoeiaa oeiea” oa ?i., ?aoeaeneai? iiaeeeaino? oaeeo
aeenoeeie?i, ye iaoiaeieia?y ?noi???, ?noi??inio?y, iaoeiciaanoai,
o?einio?y ?noi???, o?einio?y.

Aeey c’ynoaaiiy eiie?aoieo ieoaiue canoiniaothoueny ?noi?eei-aaiaoe/iee,
?noi?eei-o?iiieia?/iee, i?iaeaiiee, ?noi?eei-ii??aiyeueiee,
ia?niiieia?/iee iaoiaee.

Iaoeiao iiaecio aecia/a? iaoa, i?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aiia iieyaa? a
?noi??ia?ao?/iiio i?aeoiae?, yeee aea? ieceo iiaeo ?acoeueoao?a:

– ?ic?iaeaia oai?aoe/ia iiaeaeue aea/aiiy ieioeiai ?noi?e/ii? iaoee a
Oe?a?i?;

– oaeineiiaeai? oai?aoe/ii-iaoiaeieia?/i? i?aeoiaee uiaei aea/aiiy noaio
?noi?e/ii? iaoee e?ioey O?O — ii/aoeo OO no.;

– iinoaaeaia ? ?ica’ycaia i?iaeaia ia??iaeecaoe?? oe?a?inueei?
?noi??ia?ao?? O?O no.;

– a ?noi??ia?ao?/iiio aniaeo? ?icaeyaea?oueny ae?yeuei?noue
i?aai?caoe?eieo onoaiia, iaoeiaeo oe?e oe?a?inueei? ?noi?e/ii? iaoee o
e?ioe? O?O ia ii/aoeo OO no.;

– aia?oa i?aaeiaoii iaoeiaiai aeine?aeaeaiiy noaea ?noi?e/ia oa
?noi??ia?ao?/ia e?oa?aoo?a, i?enay/aia noaio oe?a?inueei? ?noi?e/ii?
iaoee ia ceai? O?O ? OO no.;

– noaaeyoueny ? ?ica’ycothoueny no/ani? i?iaeaie a?i?noi??ia?ao??
i?ia?aeieo oe?a?inueeeo ?noi?ee?a e?ioey O?O – ii/aoeo OO no.;

– a ?noi??ia?ao?/iiio ieai? oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ae?yeuei?noue
I.A?ooaanueeiai ye i?aai?caoi?a oa ?aeaieiaa oe?a?inueei? ?noi?e/ii?
iaoee 80-o ?ie?a O?O – ii/aoeo OO no.;

– aaoi? cae?eniea nenoaiiee aiae?c iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue, i?enay/aieo
?noi?e/i?e oai?/ino? I.A?ooaanueeiai;

– aecia/ai? i?noea oa ?ieue I.A?ooaanueeiai ye e?aea?a oe?a?inueei?
?noi?e/ii? iaoee;

– a ?noi??ia?ao?/iiio ?aeo?n? ?aeiino?oeiaai? iiaeyaee I.A?ooaanueeiai
ia oe?a?inueeee ?noi?e/iee i?ioean, ii/eiath/e a?ae iaeaeaai?oeo /an?a
aei e?ioey O?O no.;

– aeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy ? e?ieii ia oeyoo aei iiaiiai c?oeioaaiiy
?aeaieia?/ieo noa?aioei?a, ca?eueiaiiy ia?aco I.A?ooaanueeiai ye a/aiiai
a?ae on?eyeeo iie?oe/ieo y?eee?a, i/euaiiy a?ae canoa??eeo oyaeaiue,
ioe?iie ? oia?aaeaeaieo i?aeoiae?a aei eiai iaoeiai? oai?/ino?;

– a ?noi??ia?ao?/iiio aniaeo? ni?inoiao?oueny ?aeay e?ece a oe?a?inuee?e
?noi?e/i?e iaooe? oeueiai ia??iaeo, yeee iani?aaae? oa?aeoa?eco?oueny
ye ?? “cieioee a?e”.

Aeaea?aeueia aaca aeena?oaoe?? no?oeoo?ii iiae?ey?oueny ia /ioe?e a?oie
ca oaeeie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie: a) ae?oeiaai? aeaea?aea; a) a?o?ai?
iaoa??aee.

Ia?oo, iaea?eueoo c ieo, noaiiaeoue aeaea?aeueia iniiaa
a?ooaanueeiciaanoaa, ui aeeth/a? a?o?ai?, ae?oeiaai?, oni?, oioi- oa
iaoa??aeuei? aeaea?aea.

Ae?oao a?oio neeaaeathoue ae?oeiaai? aeaea?aea, ui a?aeaeaathoue i?ioean
ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?noi?e/ii? iaoee o 80-o? ?iee O?O – ia ii/aoeo OO no., –
i?aoe?, noaoo?, ?ica?aeee, eenooaaiiy caniiaiee?a ?noi?e/ieo oe?e,
i?aai?caoe?eieo onoaiia c ?noi??? oa ?noi??ia?ao?? Oe?a?ie, iaioa?e,
aaoia?ia?ao??, uiaeaiieee, iae?ieiae, eenooaaiiy.

O?aoy a?oia ai?uo? i?aoe?, i?enay/ai? ie?aiei oai?aoe/iei ieoaiiyi
?noi??? ?noi?e/ii? iaoee ia iaae? O?O oa OO noie?oue, oai?/ino?
oiai/anieo ?noi?ee?a. Ca nai?i ci?noii – oea caaaeuei? i?aoe? c
?noi??ia?ao??, aeena?oaoe?ei? aeine?aeaeaiiy, iiiia?ao??, noaoo?,
tha?eaei? aeaeaiiy, iaoa??aee eiioa?aioe?e, aeiiia?ae? ia ieo, oace
aenooi?a.

*aoaa?oo a?oio i?aaenoaaeythoue oai?aoe/i?, a a?eueoino? o?einionueeiai
ni?yioaaiiy iaoeiciaa/? i?aoe?, ui iaoiaeieia?/ii caaaa/othoue ?aeaeiee
ci?no cacia/aii? i?iaeaie, ui i?aeeyaaea aea/aiith. Oea i?aoe?, noaoo? c
?noi??? iaoee, oai??? ?noi???, iaoiaeieia?? ?noi???, ?noi??? o?einio??,
eoeueoo?ieia?? oa a?ia?ao?noeee.

Iniaeeaa oaaaa caa?iooa ia aeaea?aeiciaa/? iniiae a?ooaanueeiciaanoaa.
Aaoi? aeei?enoaa a?o?ai? oiiaee, cie?aia c Oeaio?aeueiiai aea?aeaaiiai
?noi?e/iiai a?o?ao o Eueaia? – oiiaee 401, 362, 309, aea i?noyoueny
aeieoiaioe, a oaeiae “Uiaeaiiee” 1888-1894 ??. I. A?ooaanueeiai,
iaoa??aee IOO, ?aaeaeoe?? aeo?iaeo “E?oa?aoo?ii-iaoeiaiai a?nieea”,
eenooaaiiy; Euea?anueeiai iaeaniiai aea?aeaaiiai a?o?ao – oiiae 26, iien
5 – iniaenoa ni?aaa I. A?ooaanueeiai, oiiae 298 – Oiaa?enoaa
i?eoeeueiee?a oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e, iaoee ? ienoaoeoaa o Eueaia?,
Euea?anueei? iaoeiai? a?ae?ioaee ?i. A. Noaoaieea IAI Oe?a?ie, a?aeae?eo
?oeiien?a – oiiaee ?? (Aa?a?inuee?), Oeaio?aeueiiai aea?aeaaiiai
?noi?e/iiai a?o?ao Oe?a?ie o Ee?a? – oiiae 1235 – I.A?ooaanueeiai. Aei
oe??? a?oie aeaea?ae iaeaaeaoue ienueiia? aeaea?aea I.A?ooaanueeiai
(ae?oeiaai? ? iaae?oeiaai? i?aoe?), aaoia?ia?ao?/i? iaoa??aee, niiaaaee,
uiaeaiieee, caienieee, eenooaaiiy oa ?i.); oni? aeaea?aea (ia?aeace,
oiiia?ao?/i? iacae, iia’ycai? c eiai aeeooyi ? ae?yeuei?noth, cie?aia, o
Eueaia?, Ee?a?); oioiaeaea?aea I.A?ooaanueeiai, /eai?a eiai ?iaeeie,
io?oe?ei? a?oiia? oioia?ao?? c ?noi?eeii, o?eueie, ?ethno?aoe??;
iaoa??aeuei? aeaea?aea (o?ce/i? ia’?eoe, aoaeeiee A?ooaanueeiai, ?a/?,
ui iaeaaeaee A?ooaanueeiio ? /eaiai eiai ?iaeeie). Aiie aeaee ciiao
aeeaoa a?ae/ooe aeoo aiioe, inyaiooe ?ene oai?/ino? a/aiiai, oiiae
iaoeiai? i?aoe?. Na?oeaaeio aeine?aeo neeaea aaaaoioiiia “?noi??y
Oe?a?ie-?one”, an? ?? aeaeaiiy, ii/eiath/e a?ae ia?oiae?oe?a o “Caieneao
IOO”, i?ae?yaeee, iaoeiai-aeia?aeeiaee aia?ao aei ia?oiai ? ianooiieo
aeaeaiue oii?a (ia?aaeiiae, i?ei?oee, nienee oeeoiaaii? e?oa?aoo?e) ?
cae?i/oth/e oioioeiiei aeaeaiiyi ? – O-ai oii?a 1991-1998 ??., ui ni?ey?
ioiieaiith ?aeaeiiai ci?noo, iaoeiai? eiioeaioe?? I.A?ooaanueeiai.

O iie? ci?o ia?aaoaaea ?noi?e/ia niaaeueia I. A?ooaanueeiai: “?noi??y
oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e”, “Anana?oiy ?noi??y”, iiiia?ao??, a?ioo?e,
noaoo?, ?aoeaic??, eenooaaiiy.

O nai?e noeoiiino? cacia/ai? a?oie aeaea?ae neeaaeathoue i?noeee,
??ciiiai?oiee eiiieaen ciaiue c ?noi???, ui aeeeeea? iaiao?aei?noue ?o
nenoaiaoecaoe?? oa iaeii/aniiai iaa?aaeiiai ? e?eoe/iiai i?aeoiaeo i?ae
/an aiae?co.

O?iiieia?/i? iaae? aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ia?aaeaa/athoue aeaa
??ai?. O?iiieia?/i? ?aiee oaie, ui i?aeeyaa? aea/aiith, ioiieththoue
80-o? ?iee O?O no. ? ii/aoie 1930-o ??. Oaea o?iiieia?y a?aeiia?aea?
i?ioeano noaiiaeaiiy I.A?ooaanueeiai ye ?noi?eea, caeo/aiiy eiai i?ae
/an iaa/aiiy aei iaoeiai? ae?yeueiino?, ooai?aiiy e ooieoe?iioaaiiy eiai
oeiee ? ?? ?ica?ii ia ii/aoeo 30-o ?ie?a.

Ae?oaee o?iiieia?/iee ??aaiue ?ai?acaioothoue ?noi?eei-iaoeia? oa
?noi??ia?ao?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy, noai?ai? a 1920 – 1990-o ??.
oe?a?inueeeie ?noi?eeaie.

Oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy ? iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a
noaiiaeoue:

– ocaaaeueithth/ee i?aeo?ae, aeei?enoaiiy ??ciiiai?oieo aeaea?ae,
a?oioiaiee ?o ?icaeyae cia/ii ?icoe?ththoue iiaeeeaino? naii? iaoee,
aeathoue ieceo iiaeo ?acoeueoao?a ? aeyaeythoue caaaeuei? oa niaoeeo?/i?
caeiiii??iino? ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueei? ?noi?e/ii? iaoee ia ceai? O?O ? OO
noie?oue;

– aaaaeaiiy aei iaoeiaiai ia?ao cia/iiai ianyao iiaeo aeaieo,
nenoaiaoeciaaieo uiaei ?noi??ia?ao?? e?ioey O?O – ii/aoeo OO no.;

– aea/aiiy ie?aiiai ia??iaeo (80-o? ?iee O?O – ii/aoie OO no.) a
oe?a?inuee?e ?noi?e/i?e iaooe? oa ?noi??ia?ao??, ui ciaiaioaaa niaith
i?ioean ?? ?aeaeii-eiioeaiooaeueiiai, i?aai?caoe?eiiai ioi?ieaiiy ?
naiiaeinoaoiino?;

– aeei?enoaiiy ?ic?iaeaii? iiaeae? aea/aiiy ieioeiai ?noi?e/ii? iaoee a
Oe?a?i? aeicaiey? a eiiieaen? ia?aaeyiooe oa aeine?aeeoe iiia?aaei?
aoaie oe?a?inueei? ?noi??ia?ao?? O?O, a oaeiae OO-ai noie?oue;

– aeioe?euei?noue canoinoaaiiy cai?iiiiiaaii? iiaeae? ?noi??ia?ao?/iiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy ye aei ?noi?e/ii? i?iaeaiaoeee, ?noi??? ?noi?e/ii?
iaoee, oae ? aei anueiai eiiieaeno aeenoeeie?i, ui neeaaeathoue iaoeiaa
a?ooaanueeiciaanoai;

– caa?iaiiy oaaae aei iecee oai?aoe/ieo iieiaeaiue, ye? aeiiiiiaeooue
aaeineiiaeeoe i?ioean aea/aiiy ?noi??? ?noi?e/ii? iaoee a Oe?a?i?;

– aeei?enoaiiy aeina?aeo aei?aaiethoe?eii?, i?ney?aaiethoe?eii?,
ca?oa?aeii?, ?aaeyinueei? oa no/anii? oe?a?inueei? ?noi??ia?ao??,
?acoeueoaoe aeaniiai aei?iaeo i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue iaiao?aei?noue
aeine?aeaeaiiy niaaeueie I.A?ooaanueeiai, oiai/anieo ?noi?ee?a ia aac?
aaaaoieaiaeueiiai ieneaiiy oa nenoaiii? iaoiaeieia??;

– i?aeaaaeaiiy i?aenoie?a aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeaie aianeo I.A?ooaanueeiai
? oiai/anii? ?noi?e/ii? iaoee a oe?a?inueeo ?noi??ia?ao?th.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? o
nenoaiaoecaoe?? oa ocaaaeueiaii? iaeiie/aiiai iaoa??aeo uiaei oai?/i?
a?ia?ao?? I.A?ooaanueeiai, ?noi?e/ii? iaoee e?ioey O?O – ii/aoeo OO no.

Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? ni?eyoeiooue aea/aiith oai?/eo a?ia?ao?e
i?aaenoaaiee?a oe?a?inueei? ?noi?e/ii? iaoee e?ioey O?O – ii/aoeo OO no.
Iecea iieiaeaiue ? aeniiaee, c?iaeai? a aeine?aeaeaii?, iiaeooue aooe
aeei?enoai? o ni?aa? ia’?eoeaiiai c’ynoaaiiy aieiaieo oaiaeaioe?e
?icaeoeo oe?a?inueei? ?noi??ia?ao??. ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe aeioe?eueii
canoinoaaoe o aeeeaaeaii? caaaeueieo oa niaoe?aeueieo eo?n?a c ?noi???
Oe?a?ie, ina?oe oa iaoee, a eo?nao iaoeiciaanoaa, ?noi??? ?noi?e/ii?
iaoee, oe?a?inueei? ?noi??ia?ao?? oa iniaeeai a?ooaanueeiciaanoaa.

I?iaeaie, ii?ooai? a aeena?oaoe??, ? i?aaeiaoii ?ic?iaee ani??aio?a,
nooaeaio?a *a?eanueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo a iaoeiaeo, aeeieiiieo oa eo?niaeo
?iaioao. Iaoa??aee aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? a noai?aii?
?aeeii? nenoaie aeine?aeaeaiue a?ooaanueeiciaanoaa, a i?aai?caoe??
iocaeieo aeniiceoe?e.

Ia caoeno aeiinyoueny oae? iieiaeaiiy:

– ?aoeaeneaia iiaeaeue oe?a?inueei? ?noi??ia?ao?? 80-o ?ie?a O?O –
ii/aoeo OO no. iia’yco?oueny c oaeineiiaeaiiyi iaoiaeieia?/ieo canaae
iaoeiai? oai?/ino? oa ? iaiao?aeiith oiiaith caaaa/aiiy no/anieo
?noi?e/ieo ciaiue;

– oe?a?inueea ?noi??ia?ao?y ?icaeyaea?oueny ye i?ioean iine?aeiaii?
ci?ie, aaiethoe?? na?oiaeyaeieo i?eioeei?a ? iaoiaeieia?? ?noi?e/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue, a ?? aoai (80-o? ?iee O?O– ii/aoie OO no.) aecia/a?oueny
i?aaenoaaieeaie ?noi?e/ii? iaoee (ca aeiyoeii ?aaeyinueei?) e??cue
i?ecio aca?iiaieeao iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?iiai a?ae?iaeaeaiiy,
oa?aeoa?enoeee nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/ieo, ?aeaieia?/ieo,
caaaeueiieoeueoo?ieo oa i?aai?caoe?eieo oiia, ye iinooiiaee oa
?ioaineaiee, a ia e?eciaee noai ?noi?e/ii? iaoee oe??? aeiae;

– caaaa/aiiy oiai/anii? ?noi?e/ii? iaoee iiaei oaeoe/iei iaoa??aeii,
eiioeaiooaeueieie i?aeoiaeaie, iiiia?ao?/ia ?ic?iaea
eiie?aoii-?noi?e/ieo i?iaeai, ?icoe?aiiy noa?e niaoe?aeueieo ?
aeiiii?aeieo aeenoeeie?i, ia?aae? iaoeiaeo ?noi?e/ieo onoaiia, iiyaa
/aniien?a, iaoeiaeo aeaeaiue, noaiiaeaiiy ??cieo ?noi?e/ieo oe?e,
i?aeaioiaea neioaoe/ieo ocaaaeueithth/eo i?aoeue c ?noi??? Oe?a?ie,
iiioey?ecaoe?y ?noi?e/ieo ciaiue i?eaaea aei caeiiii??iiai yaeua,
iia’ycaiiai ?c a?aeie?aieaiiyi oe?a?inueei? ?noi?e/ii? iaoee, ye
naiiaeinoaoiuei?, a?ae ?in?enueeiai oa iieuenueei-aano??enueeiai
aiaeia?a;

– aeaiee aoai oe?a?inueei? ?noi??ia?ao?? ? nai???aeiei “ai?oeaio?ii”, o
yeiio ia?iaeaeoaaeeny ? ooieoe?iioaaee ?noi?e/i? oeiee, oi?ioaaeeny
oa/?? oa ?noi??ia?ao?/i? iai?yiee, i?aaenoaaieee oa niaaeei?ioe? yeeo
i?aoethaaee ia oa?ai? Oe?a?ie oa a ai?a?aoe??, i?ci?oa a ae?anii??, a a
iao /an ?ai?acaioothoue ?aeeio oe?a?inueeo ?noi?e/io iaoeo;

– ?icaeoie oe?a?inueei? ?noi?e/ii? iaoee cae?enithaaany o i?enei?aiiio
oaii?, iaa?oue a oiiaao aacaea?aeaaiino?, caaaeyee naiiiiaea?oa?
oe?a?inueeeo ?ioaeaeooae?a, naiii?aai?caoe??, noai?aiith ni?aoiaa?enoa,
iaoeiaeo ia’?aeiaiue, cao?ooaaiith iaoeiaeo nee iaaeiei /aniien?a
?noi?ee?a oa?e?anueei? “nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii?” oeiee Ae.Aaaae?y,
“?noi?e/ii-i?aaiai? oa aeiiii?/ii? oeiee” I.Aaneeaiea, “ia?enenonueei?
oeiee” I.ssai?nueeiai oa ?i. iai?yie?a oa oa/?e;

– i?noea I.A?ooaanueeiai aecia/a?oueny ?ieeth, yeo a?i a?ae?a?a? ye
eeth/iaa iinoaoue oe?a?inueei? ?noi?e/ii? iaoee ia ceai? O?O ? OO no.;

– ianeeueieoeueea i?eieiaiiy ie?aeii? ae?yeueiino? I.A?ooaanueeiai, eiai
oeiee, ?noi?ee?a oa?e?anueei? “nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii?” oeiee
Ae.Aaaae?y, “?noi?e/ii-i?aaiai? oa aeiiii?/ii? oeiee” I.Aaneeaiea,
“ia?enenonueei? oeiee” I.ssai?nueeiai oa ?ioeo iai?yie?a oa oa/?e ia
iaei i?yeeo i?aenoaa ? aoei i?iaeeeoiaaia aeeeth/ii noa’?eoeaieie
iie?oe/ieie oe?eyie e?aie?anueei? aa?o?aee ? aeeiiaaoeyie ?? aie? a
Oe?a?i?;

– aiae?c i?aoeue ca?oa?aeieo oe?a?inueeeo a/aieo aeicaieea aeae?eeoe
ni?yiiaai?noue ?o i?iaeaiaoeee uiaei aea/aiiy ?noi?e/ii? niaaeueie
I.A?ooaanueeiai. Ci?ie, ui a?aeaoeeny a Oe?a?i? o ca’yceo c
a?aeiiaeaiiyi iacaeaaeiino?, iciaiaioaaee iiai?io ?noi?e/ii? iaoee aei
caeiaooe?a ?noi?ee?a 80-o ?ie?a O?O – ii/aoeo OO no., ni?eyee
caeo/aiith /eneaiii? a?oie iieiaeeo aeine?aeiee?a aei iaoeiaiai
a?ooaanueeiciaanoaa;

– aeinooi aei a?o?aieo iaoa??ae?a, iiaeeea?noue iciaeiieaiiy c i?aoeyie
a/aieo, ye? i?aoethaaee ca ei?aeiiii, ?noi?ee?a c ae?anii?e ni?eyee
?ice??ia/aiith aeoiie no/anieo aeine?aeiee?a, onoiaiith c iaoeiaeo
i?aoeue ca?aeaieia?ciaaieo ?noi?e/ieo noai ? ai?iaaaeaeaiith a
?noi?e/iee i?ioean aaaaoueio caiia/oaaieo aei oiai yaeu ? oaeo?a;

– o no/anieo oiiaao ia oaee? iaoe?iiaeueiiai a?ae?iaeaeaiiy, eiee
ea?aeeiaeueii ci?ieeany aeiiii?/ia nenoaia, na?oiaeyae, aea?aeaai?
i??i?eoaoe oa ?aeaieia?y, ?noi?eee noiyoue ia ii?ic? ci?ie iaoeiaeo
ia?aaeeai, a noai ?noi??ia?ao?? aeiaaa? ei??iii? ia?aaoaeiae. A/ai?
noiaeyoueny ia oiio, ui iiaee ??aaiue ?noi?e/iiai neioaco iio?aao?
aaeineiiaeaiiy oai?aoe/ii-iaoiaeieia?/ieo canaae, iiiaeaiiy iaoiaeieia??
?noi?e/ii? iaoee, cai?iaaaeaeaiiy i?aeaeenoeeie?ia?ieo aeine?aeieoeueeeo
iaoiaeee, ye? aeoioeththoue aeinyaiaiiy o?einio??, ?noi??inio??,
nioe?ieia??, ineoieia??, aio?iiieia??, aeaiia?ao??, aaia?ao?? oiui. Aiie
ia?aoiaeyoue aei aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeai iaioae?oaoo, eoeueoo?e, ?ie?
aoiiineoieia?/ieo /eiiee?a, aaiethoe?? nioe?aeueii-aeaiia?ao?/ieo
no?oeoo?, noaiiaeua ??cieo nioe?aeueieo aa?noa ? a?oi.

Iaoeiaa ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy aeyaey?oueny o oiio, ui
ci?no ie?aieo aeaa, iaoeiaeo ?acoeueoao?a, iniiai? iieiaeaiiy oa
aeniiaee aeena?oaoe?? aaoi?ii aeiiia?aeaeeny ? iaaiai?thaaeeny ia
iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo, /eoaiiyo, neiiic?oiao, iaoeiaeo nan?yo (o oiio
/ene? i?aeia?iaeieo) o 1991-1999 ??. Na?aae ieo ia ???-?e
I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Oai?/?noue, eoeueoo?a,
aoiai?ci” (Ee?a, 1993), ??-VI-o Anaoe?a?inueeeo ?noi?e/ieo /eoaiiyo
“Oe?a?inueea eicaoeueea aea?aeaaa: aeoiee oa oeyoe ?noi?e/iiai ?icaeoeo”
(Ee?a-*a?eane 1992-1996), I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? “Ieoaeei
A?ooaanueeee ? euea?anueea ?noi?e/ia oeiea” (Euea?a, 1994),
Anaoe?a?inuee?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Oe?a?iiciaanoai ?
aoiai?caoe?y ina?oe”, i?enay/ai?e 70-??//th Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo (1993), i?aeaoc?anuee?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? “?ioaa?aoe?y iaoee o nenoaio i?aeaioiaee a/eoae?a”
(*a?eane, 1995), ?aa?iiaeuei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Aeoiaia
?iaioa a iaa/aeueieo caeeaaeao Oe?a?ie ia no/aniiio aoai?” (*a?eane,
1995), Anaoe?a?inuee?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Oi?ioaaiiy
iaoe?iiaeueiina?aeiii? iniaenoino? ye iaeei c aieiaieo i??i?eoao?a
no/anii? ina?oe” (*a?eane, 1995), iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? “Ianeaaeea
A.A.Iioaaie e ?acaeoea nia?aiaiiie oeeieiae/aneie e enoi?e/aneie iaoee”,
i?enay/ai?e 70-??//th c aeiy ia?iaeaeaiiy I.I.I?aniyeiaa (*a?eane,
1995), VII-e Anaoe?a?inuee?? iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? “?noi?e/ia
e?a?ciaanoai a Oe?a?i?: o?aaeeoe?? ? no/ani?noue” (*a?eane,1995),
Anaoe?a?inuee?e iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? “Oe?a?inueea e?oa?aoo?a ?
oeaico?a” (*a?eane,1996), Anaoe?a?inueeiio neiiic?ioi? c i?iaeai
aa?a?ii? ?noi??? (Ee?a, 1996) , I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe??
“Ieoaeei A?ooaanueeee ? no/ania ?noi?e/ia aeoiea”, i?enay/ai?e 130-?e
??/ieoe? a?ae aeiy ia?iaeaeaiiy I.A?ooaanueeiai (Euea?a, 1996),
Aeaa’yo?e iaoeia?e nan?? Iaoeiaiai Oiaa?enoaa ?i. O.Oaa/aiea
(Euea?a,1998), iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? ina?aaeeo Iaoeiaiai Oiaa?enoaa ?i.
O.Oaa/aiea a *a?eanao (*a?eane, 1998) oa ?i. ?acoeueoaoe iaoeiaiai
ii?aoethaaiiy i?iaeaie aeine?aeaeaiiy ciaeoee a?aeia?aaeaiiy a 30-oe
ioae?eaoe?yo, o oiio /ene? aeaio iiiia?ao?yo, aeaio iaa/aeueiiieo
iin?aieeao, aeei?enoiaothoueny i?e aeeeaaeaii? eo?n?a: “?noi??y
Oe?a?ie”, “?noi??ia?ao?y ?noi??? Oe?a?ie”, “Aeaea?aea c ?noi???
Oe?a?ie”, niaoeeo?n?a: “?noi?e/ia niaaeueia I.A?ooaanueeiai”,
“Ca?oa?aeia ?noi??ia?ao?y ?noi??? Oe?a?ie”, “?noi??y oe?a?inueeiai
eicaoeoaa”, niaoenai?ia?o “?noi??y Oe?a?ie-?one I.A?ooaanueeiai:
?noi??ia?ao?y”, i?e aeeiiaii? nooaeaioaie aeeieiiieo, eo?niaeo ?ia?o ia
?noi?e/iiio oaeoeueoao? *a?eanueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

Ci?no aeena?oaoe?? iiai?noth ?ice?eoi a iioae?eiaaieo iiiia?ao?yo
“Ai?oath/e noi??iee… Aeoiee i?i “?noi??th Oe?a?ie-?one”I.A?ooaanueeiai
? oe?a?inueeo ?noi??ia?ao?th 80-o??. O?O – ii/aoeo OO no.” (*a?eane,
1996. – 256 n.), “?noi??ia?ao?/ia aeoiea i?i I.A?ooaanueeiai ?
oe?a?inueeo ?noi?e/io iaoeo eiai aeiae” (*a?eane, 1996. – 182 n.), 4-o
a?ioth?ao, a oiio /ene? iaeiiio iaa/aeueiiio, iaeiiio
iaa/aeueii-iaoiaee/iiio iin?aieeo.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe?? iaoiiaeaia ci?noii aeine?aeaeaiiy, a?aeiia?aea?
aecia/ai?e iao? oa ?ica’ycaiith iinoaaeaieo caaaeaiue. Aiia
neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, o?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a aei ?icae?e?a,
caaaeueieo aeniiae?a, nieneo aeaea?ae oa e?oa?aoo?e. ?icae?ee
aeeth/athoue a?aeiia?aeii 2, 4 oa 2 aeaae. A ia?oiio ?icae?e? ?icaeyioo?
oai?aoe/ii-iaoiaeieia?/i? i?aeoiaee, no/ania oai?aoe/ia iiaeaeue
aea/aiiy ieioeiai ?noi?e/ii? iaoee a Oe?a?i? e?ioey O?O – ii/aoeo OO
no., a?ooaanueeiciaanoai ye iaeaieiai?oa ?? yae?i. Ae?oaee ?icae?e
ioiieth? oa?aeoa?enoeeo caaaeueieo oa eiie?aoieo i?iaeai noaio
oe?a?inueei? ?noi?e/ii? iaoee 80-o ??. O?O – ii/aoeo OO no. O o?aoueiio
?icae?e? e??cue i?ecio e?eoe/iiai aiae?co ?noi?e/ii? e?oa?aoo?e
aena?oeth?oueny iaoeiaa oai?/?noue I.A?ooaanueeiai ye ?noi?eea. Iniiaiee
oaeno aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaiee ia 397 noi??ieao. ?iaioa ia? 1 a?ao?e, 1
noaio (N. 73). Nienie aeaea?ae oa e?oa?aoo?e aeeth/a? 854 iaeiaioaaiue,
?c ieo 26– ?iicaiieie iiaaie.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

O anooi? iaa?oioiao?oueny oaia aeena?oaoe??, a?aoiaioo?oueny ??
aeooaeuei?noue, oa?aeoa?eco?oueny noai ? nooi?iue ?ic?iaee i?iaeaie oa
aeaea?aeueii? aace ?iaioe, aecia/ai? ia’?eo, i?aaeiao, iaoa
aeine?aeaeaiiy, eiai iaoiaeieia?/ia oa aeaea?aeueia iniiaa, iiaeai?
iniiai? iieiaeaiiy, ui aeiinyoueny ia caoeno, ?ice?eo? iaoeiaa iiaecia,
i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy, iaaaaeaii a?aeiiino? i?i ai?iaaoe?th aeena?oaoe?eii?
i?aoe?.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? ?iaioe “Oai?aoe/ii-iaoiaeieia?/i? i?aeoiaee aei
aea/aiiy noaio ?noi?e/ii? iaoee a Oe?a?i? 80-o ??. O?O – ii/aoeo OO no.”
?icaeyiooa i?iaeaia noai?aiiy oai?aoe/ii? iiaeae? aea/aiiy ieioeiai
?noi?e/ii? iaoee a Oe?a?i?, aeyaeai? neeaaeia? oa iniaeeaino?
a?aeie?aieaiiy a aaeocue iaoee – a?ooaanueeiciaanoaa. A?aeiia?aeii
i?iaiae?ciaai? iiaeyaee no/anieo a/aieo uiaei ?noi??? ?noi?e/ii? iaoee
oa ?? ?noi??ia?ao??, aeae?eaia noeoii?noue oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/ieo
e?eoa???a iiaeaethaaiiy a?aeiia?aeieo i?ioean?a ieioeiai iaoee.

O aeaa? “No/ania oai?aoe/ia iiaeaeue aea/aiiy ieioeiai ?noi?e/ii? iaoee
a Oe?a?i?” aeine?aeaeo?oueny i?ioean inyaiaiiy eaoaai??aeueiiai ci?noo
oa iiaaoe?eieo i?aeoiae?a a ?noi??ia?ao??, c’yniao?oueny nooi?iue
ona?aeiieaiiy i?ia?aeieie oe?a?inueeeie a/aieie aca?iiiia’ycaieo
/eiiee?a, ye? oi?iothoue oe?eueia oyaeaiiy i?i oe?a?inueeee
?noi??ia?ao?/iee i?ioeano.

Aaoi? aeia?a, ui ieoaiiy aea/aiiy oai?aoe/ieo i?aeaaeei ?noi??ia?ao??
caeiathoue aaaeeeaa i?noea a i?aoeyo oaeeo oe?a?inueeeo aeine?aeiee?a,
ye I.Eiaaeuenueeee, A.Aieaa?oo, ?.Eieaniee, O.Iiiiaa, E.Aeia?. I?e
i/aaeaeieo a?aei?iiinoyo o i?aeoiaeao aei ?noi??ia?ao?? iaoeiaa aeoiea
?ooa?oueny a iai?yieo aena?oeaiiy i?aaeiaoiiai, iaoiaeieia?/iiai ??aiy,
i?noey, oi?ioaaiiy aeenoeeie?ia?iiai ia?aco oe?a?inueei? ?noi??ia?ao??,
oeyoii i?iieeiaiiy caeiaooe?a ?a?iiaenueei? ? na?oiai? iaoee ia
oe?a?inueeee a?oio. Aea/aiiy oe??? i?iaeaie i?aeii?yaeeiaaia c’ynoaaiith
i?aenoaaiaeo iioea?a iaoeiai i?ae?eoe aei ?ic?iaee
oai?aoe/ii-iaoiaeieia?/ieo ieoaiue ?noi??ia?ao?? acaaae? oa oe?a?inueei?
?noi?e/ii? iaoee ? ?noi??ia?ao?? O?O noie?ooy cie?aia. Oiio a oeaio??
oaaae aaoi?a – i?aoe? oai?aoe/iiai ci?noo a?o/eciyieo a/aieo oa
aeyaeaiiy a ieo onueiai oe?iiiai, ui aoei iaa?iiaaeaeaia ca ieioe?
aeanyoee?ooy.

Oe?a?inueea ?noi??ia?ao?y ?aaeyinueei? aeiae ni?eeia?oueny iaiaeiicia/ii
? noia?a/eeai. Aei na?aaeeie 1920-o ??. ?noi?e/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy
caa??aathoue iaaio niaaeei?ii?noue c iiia?aaeiueith ?noi??ia?ao??th ?
/anoeiai c iaoe?iiaeueieie o?aaeeoe?yie. ?ica?ii oeiee I.A?ooaanueeiai,
eiai nia?oue, iania? ?ai?an?? i?ecaaee aei ao?aoe oe?a?inueeith
?aaeyinueeith ?noi??ia?ao??th e?aueo iaoe?iiaeueieo ?en ? iaaeaaiue.

O oie aea /an ca?oa?aeia a?eea oe?a?inueeeo ?noi?ee?a, caa??aath/e
ianooii?noue c iiia?aaeiueith ?noi??ia?ao??th, a i??o iiaeeeaino?
eiinie?aeo? nai? neee, cao?oiaoth/enue iaaeiei “Oe?a?inueeiai ?noi?eea”,
aa?a ia naaa i?aeo?eieo iaoe?iiaeueii? naiiaooiino? oe?a?inueei?
?noi?e/ii? iaoee, coneeue ?noi?ee?a iaoe?iiaeueii-aeaiie?aoe/ii?
i???ioaoe?? a Oe?a?i? ? ae?anii??. Aiie canaiththoue iaee?au? c?acee
ca?oa?aeii? ?noi??ia?ao?? ? i?aaiooue i?eeo/aiiy oe?a?inueei? ?noi?e/ii?
iaoee aei na?oiai?. Ca?oa?aei? a/ai? oaaaeii ne?aeeothoue ca
?noi??ia?ao?/iei ?ooii a Oe?a?i?, ocaiaeaeothoue nai? i?aeoiaee aei
i?aaeiaoo, caaaeaiue ?noi??ia?ao?? ye aaeoc? ?noi?e/ii? iaoee.

O ?aaeyinuee?e ?noi??ia?ao?? ae??ciy?oueny ana a?eueo caa?iceeaa
oaiaeaioe?y, ui ia?aoiaeeoue o aaciaeyaeio e?eoeeo I.A?ooaanueeiai. Aei
e?ioey 1988 ?ieo, aiane?aeie iino?eii? aeaoi?iaoe?? ?noi?e/ii? ?noeie,
I.A?ooaanueeiai ia?aoai?aii o “ai?iaa oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo”,
“oaeueneo?eaoi?a ?noi??? Oe?a?ie”. Oaeeie i?aenoieaie oe?a?inueea
?aaeyinueea ?noi??ia?ao?y caaa?oeea nai? aea/aiiy niaaeueie
I.A?ooaanueeiai.

Oe?a?inueeei ?noi?eeai-ai?a?aioai a?aeoaaei aeaea?aeueii? aace ?
a?aeiia?aeii? oai?aoe/ii? iniiae, ye ? ?noi?eeai-aea?aeaaieeai, ia eeoa
o aena?oeaii? ?aeaeii? iniiae ia?iaeieoeoaa, a e ?noi?e/ieo eiioeaioe?e
I. A?ooaanueeiai, oi/a an? aiie ni?eeiyee eiai noaio ?noi??? Oe?a?ie.
Aeieath/e iaaei??io iie?oecaoe?th, a/ai? c ae?anii?e i?eoiaeyoue aei
noai?aiiy iaoeiaiai a?ooaanueeiciaanoaa.

Naia aeoiaey/e c ?nioaaiiy aeaio i?aeoiae?a aei cacia/aii? i?iaeaie, a
?icae?e? ?ic?iaeaia iiaeaeue aea/aiiy ?noi?e/ii? iaoee ia i?eeeaae?
oaie: “I.A?ooaanueeee ? oe?a?inueea ?noi?e/ia iaoea 80-o ??. O?O –
ii/aoeo OO no.”. Aiia iineoaeeoue noai?aiith iaoeiaiai ia?aco oe???
?noi??ia?ao??, ui aeiaaa? caeo/aiiy oai?aoe/ieo cania?a aeine?aeaeaiiy ?
cie?aia oaei? iaoeiaiciaa/i? eaoaai???, ye ?aoeaen?y. Cacia/aia
ni?eyoeia ia?aona?aeiieaiith ia iiaeo oai?aoe/ieo canaaeao,
noi?ioeueiaaieo o na?e /an I.A?ooaanueeei, no/anieie oe?a?inueeeie
a/aieie ?aeaeieo oi?ioe ? eiioeaioe?e ?icaeoeo ?noi?e/ii? aeoiee oa
iaoee a Oe?a?i?.

O iniiao ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? oa ona?aeiieaiiy ?ioaeaeooaeueii? ?noi??? iaoee
oeueiai ia??iaeo iieeaaeaii i?aeaeenoeeie?ia?iee i?aeo?ae – oe?ieee
“?noi??ia?ao?/iee aeai?eoi”, iicaaaeaiee eeaniaino?, ?aeaeii?
iaiaaeaiino? c iaeii/aniei ?iceiaei ?noi?e/iei iiaeyaeii ia i?iaeaio
iaoeiai? oai?/ino? iniaenoino?, ?? ?noi?e/ii? na?aeiiino?, ui ni?eyoeia
iaoiaeieia?/iiio iiiaeaiith ?noi??ia?ao??.

A ?icae?e? aeaoaeueii ?icaeyioo? noaoo? I.Eiaaeuenueeiai, A.Aieaa?ooa,
O.Iiiiai?, ?.Eieaniee, E.Caoe?eueiyea oa ?ioeo a/aieo, o yeeo eo
i?noeoueny aiae?c oai?aoe/ieo aniaeo?a oe?a?inueei? ?noi??ia?ao??.
Iniaeeai oe?iiith ? cai?iiiiiaaia ?. Eieaniee ?aoeaeneaia iiaeaeue
oe?a?inueei? ?noi??ia?ao?? oa ?? ni?iaa ia??iaeecaoe??, cie?aia
iieiaeaiiy i?i oa, ui aeiaa c ii/aoeo 90-o ?ie?a O?O no. oa ia?oeo
aeanyoee?oue OO no. noaiiaeoue ae??oaeueiee ia??iae o i?ioean? aeoai?o
iaoe?iiaeueii? oe?a?inueei? ?noi??ia?ao??, yeee oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ??
inoaoi/iei ?aeaeii-eiioeaiooaeueiei oa i?aai?caoe?eiei ioi?ieaiiyi
(aeae?eaii iaie – A. A.).

Aiae?c noaio oe?a?inueei? ?noi?e/ii? iaoee ia iaae? O?O ? OOno. i?ea?a
aaoi?a aei aeniiaeo i?i oa, ui ii/aoeiao o?iiieia?/io iaaeo oeueiai
ia??iaeo ne?ae iioe?eoe ia 80-o? ?iee O?O no., ia /ane, eiee ?icai?oa?
naith ?iaioo ?noi?e/ia oeiea A.Aioiiiae/a, “Eeaaneay noa?eia”,
?ioaineaii cae?enith? a?oaia?ao?/io ae?yeuei?noue Oiaa?enoai
Ianoi?a-e?oiienoey oa ?i.

Naia i?ae oaeei eooii ci?o ? c iaoith inyaiaiiy oi?aa?naeueieo iaoiae?a
? niaoeeo?ee i?ioeano aeenoeeie?ia?iiai ioi?ieaiiy ?noi??ia?ao??, ??
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy c ?ioeie iaoeaie a aeena?oaoe?? iiaea?oueny noaia ?
a?ao?e (N.73) ?noi??ia?ao?? ye caniao ona?aeiieaiiy ?noi??? iaoee, ye
iaoeiai? aeenoeeie?ie, eio?? iaiiaiththoueny ?ino?oiaioa???i
?noi??ia?ao?/iiai i?ciaiiy, a?aeiia?aeieie oai?aoe/ieie oa iaoiaee/ieie
i?aeoiaeaie, ocaaaeueiaieie oe?a?inueeeie a/aieie ? cie?aia
I. Eiaaeuenueeei o noaoo? “Oai?aoe/i?, iaoiaeieia?/i? oa aeaea?aeiciaa/?
i?iaeaie oe?a?inueei? ?noi??ia?ao?? OV??? – OO no.” (1995).

I?iiiiothoueny no/ani? i?e?iiiaeae? ?noi?e/iiai, ?noi??ia?ao?/iiai,
a?i?noi??ia?ao?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, ye? neeaaeathoue caaaeueio
noaio-iiaeaeue.

Iaaaaeaia iiaeaeue iiaea aooe ?ioa?i?aoiaaia ia iaoa??aeao ieioeiai
?noi?e/ii? iaoee a Oe?a?i? ? cie?aia e?ioey O?O – ii/aoeo OO no.
C?icoi?ei, ui a oeaio?? ?noi?e/ii? iaoee ia iaae? O?O ? OO no. noi?oue
niaaeueia I.A?ooaanueeiai, iano?eueee aaaaoiaei??ia, ui caiai?oanooaaea
neeaaeiao aaeocue oe?a?inueei? iaoee – a?ooaanueeiciaanoai.

C’ynoaaiith i?noey a?ooaanueeiciaanoaa, aecia/aiith ?noi??ia?ao?/iiai
?aeo?no a aeine?aeaeaii? ?noi?e/ii? niaaeueie I.A?ooaanueeiai i?enay/aia
ae?oaa aeaaa – “A?ooaanueeiciaanoai ye neeaaeiaa aaeocue oe?a?inueei?
iaoee”. Nai? caaaeaiiy aaoi? aa/ea o c‘ynoaaii? ieoaiiy, yeith i??ith
a?ooaanueeiciaanoai c eiai ?icaaeoaeaiith no?oeoo?ith i?eeiyoia aeey
oe?a?inueei? ?noi??ia?ao??. A aeaa? caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea
a?ooaanueeiciaanoaa i?aeii?yaeeiaaia eiie?aoi?e i?iaeaii?e i???ioaoe??,
aeaoa?i?iiaai?e aaoi?nueeei aea/aiiyi ieoaiue: yei? ioe?iee caneoaiao?
oey aaeocue ciaiue c ?noi??ia?ao?/ii? oi/ee ci?o a eiioaeno? aecia/aiiy
?? aaae, cia/aiiy aeey no/anii? iaoee, a oaeiae ?noi?e/ia niaaeueia,
iaoeiai-i?aai?caoe?eia ae?yeuei?noue I.A?ooaanueeiai a iiceoeaiiio ieai?
oa a eiioaeno? eiai e?eoee?a.

Aeena?oaio aaaaeaa ca iaiao?aeia aecia/eoe i?aaeiao, caaaeaiiy, aeiee
aeenoeeie?i, a oaeiae ia ye? o?einionuee?, niaoe?aeueii-?noi?e/i?,
i?aeaeenoeeie?ia?i? canaaee nie?a?oueny a?ooaanueeiciaanoai, iin?yie
yeeo iaoeiaeo iiaeyae?a ? eiai ie?ai? i?aaenoaaieee, aei yeeo
?noi??ia?ao?/ieo iai?yie?a aiie iaeaaeaoue. Aeoiaey/e c iieiaeaiiy, ui
naia ?inoeooae?caoe?y a?ooaanueeiciaanoaa a?aeaeaa? nooi?iue ?ioaa?aoe??
eiai ?noi??ia?ao?/ii? neeaaeiai? a aniaeo? aeine?aeaeaiiy ?noi?e/ii?
niaaeueie I. A?ooaanueeiai, ia’?aeiaii? aca?iiae??th aeaio a?eie
oe?a?inueei? ?noi?e/ii? iaoee, aaoi? nai? i?noea aaa/a? a ?icaeyae? naia
oeueiai aniaeoo. A oaeiio ?aeo?n? aiae?cothoueny i?aoe? ?.Ie?iaa,
ss.Aeaoeaae/a e iniaeeai E.Aeia?a ye caniiaieea a?ooaanueeiciaanoaa.

Ea?oth/enue iaoeiaith iaoiaeieia??th aeine?aeo, E. Aeia? iine?aeiaii
aea/a? ? aeaoaeueii ?icaeyaea? ?noi?e/iee ?icaeoie ? no/aniee noai
a?ooaanueeiciaanoaa, eiai no?oeoo?o, iaoiaeieia?th oa ci?no,
a?ae?ia?ao?/i? e aeaea?aeiciaa/? iniiae iaoee, ?ice?eaa? no/ani?
caaaeaiiy. Cie?aia, i?aenoieii aea/aiiy i?iaeaie iaoiaeieia?? ?
cai?iiiiiaai? iei i?e?iiiaeae? ?noi?e/iiai aeine?aeo, eio??
ei?aniiiaeothoueny c i?eeiyoeie a iaooe? a?aeiia?aeieie iiaeaeyie, aea
caeaaeii a?ae ia‘?eoo aea/aiiy aiie iiaeooue aooe iiaea?i?ciaai?. A/aiee
oaeiae iiaea? a?aeiia?aeio a?ia?ao?/ii-o?iiieia?/io oaaeeoeth, ui
anoaiiaeth? ie?ai? “a?ia?ao?/i? oeeeee” aeeooy I.A?ooaanueeiai ?
iaaiaeeoue no?oeoo?o aeiiii?aeieo ?noi?e/ieo aeenoeeie?i.

Iniaeeai oe?iieie ? niinoa?aaeaiiy E.Aeia?a uiaei i?eiaeaaeiino?
?noi?ee?a ? eiai naiiai aei oe?a?inueeeo ?noi??ia?ao?/ieo oa/?e ia
Caoiae?.

E.Aeia? ni?aaaaeeeai iaaieioo? ia oiio, ui iia?oiy oe?a?inueea
?noi??ia?ao?y, iaoeiaa a?ooaanueeiciaanoai a Oe?a?i? ? i?aai?/iei
i?iaeiaaeaiiyi a?ooaanueeiciaanoaa 1966 – 80-o ?ie?a ? iaoeiai?
oe?a?inueei? ?noi??ia?ao??, ia iaoyaeaii? ia?o?eieie aai ?aeaieia?/ieie
aieeaaie.

O oe?eiio a?aei?aai? neeaaeia? iiaeae? ?noi??ia?ao?/iiai aeine?aeo
iathoue aeiaeaoeia? iaoiaeieia?/i?, iaoeiciaa/?, ?noi??inionuee?,
eoeueoo?ieia?/i? oa ?io? no?oeoo?e ? noaie, ui ii?aeiothoueny ?c
naiino?eiith ?io?ano?oeoo?ith ?noi??ia?ao?? ye iaoee, i?e?iiiaeaeeth
?noi?e/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, oai?youe anaia’?iio oe?e?nio
oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/io iiaeaeue ieioeiai ?noi?e/ii? iaoee a
caaaeueiiio ianyc? ?? eiioi?eaoeaieo ca’yce?a. Iaeii/anii neeaaeia?
iiaeae? c on??th iaiao?aei?noth ?ao?aineththoueny o iaioaeueiino?
i?ia?aeieo a/aieo ? iiaeooue canoiniaoaaoeny o iaoeiaiio
a?ooaanueeiciaanoa?, a ?icoi?iiy ?o oai?aoe/ieo aniaeo?a ia? noaoe
aeii?iaioiith i?a?iaaoeaith aeine?aeiee?a ye oaeo aeeth/aiiy aeinyaiaiue
“ia?aaeiueiai e?ath” iaoee a ?? “oaa?aea yae?i”. Naia oaeith aenooia?
?noi??ia?ao?y, yea iaaea? iniaeeaiai naino ?ioa?i?aoaoe??
oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/ieo iniia no/anii? iaoee ia i?eeeaae? ieioeiai
?noi?e/ii? iaoee 80-o ??. O?O – ii/aoeo OO no., a oeaio?? yei? noi?oue
?noi?e/ia oai?/?noue I. A?ooaanueeiai. ?? iaoiaeieia?/i? iiaeeeaino?
ni?eythoue aea/aiith ia?ao?aeieo aiio a ?icaeoeo ?noi?e/ii? iaoee
acaaae?.

Ae?oaee ?icae?e – “Caaaeuei? ? eiie?aoi? i?iaeaie noaio oe?a?inueei?
?noi?e/ii? iaoee e?ioey O?O – ii/aoeo OO no.” i?enay/aiee ?icaeyaeo
ieoaiue ia??iaeecaoe?? ? i?noey oe?a?inueei? ?noi?e/ii? iaoee oeueiai
ia??iaeo, aena?oeaiith ae?yeueiino? i?aai?caoe?eieo onoaiia a
?noi??ia?ao?/ieo i?aoeyo, aea/aiith oai?/ino? oiai/anieo i?ia?aeieo
?noi?ee?a a ?noi?e/i?e e?oa?aoo??, a oaeiae ?noi??ia?ao?/iiio
ii?aoethaaiith oaie: “I.A?ooaanueeee ? iaoeia? oeiee a oe?a?inuee?e
?noi?e/i?e iaooe? ia iaae? O?O ? OO no.”

O aeaa? “I?iaeaie ia??iaeecaoe?? ? i?noey oe?a?inueei? ?noi?e/ii? iaoee
80-o ??. O?O– ii/aoeo OO no. a i?aoeyo ?noi?ee?a” aieiaia oaaaa caa?iaia
ia aiae?c aeine?aeaeaiue I.Ia?/aiea, E.Eiaaeaiea ye oeiiaeo c?ace?a
?aaeyinueei? ?noi??ia?ao??, ye?e i?aeii?yaeeiaoaaeeny iaoe?iiaeuei?
aeeaeaeoe/i? ia?ace, a oiio /ene? oe?a?inueeee. ?icaeyioo? oaeiae i?aoe?
a?o/eciyieo a/aieo A.Iiooeueieoeueeiai, ss.A?eoeaea, E.Iaeueieea,
A.Na?aay, ?.Eieaniee oa oe?a?inueeeo ca?oa?aeieo aeine?aeiee?a
Ae.Aei?ioaiea, I.Iaeiaeeia, I.Iieiinueei?-Aaneeaiei, E.Aeia?a oa ?i.

O ?aaeyinuee?e ?noi??ia?ao?? c’yniaaia no?eea oaiaeaioe?y iaaeiioe?iee
iiia?aaeiuei? ?noi??ia?ao?? ? iaioaaiiy eiioeaioe?? e?ece ao?aeoacii?
?noi?e/ii? iaoee. I?ioeeaaei?noue aeoiie caei?aeiiieo ? ?aaeyinueeeo
a/aieo iaea?eueo ae?acii i?iyaeeany a ioe?ioe? niaaeueie ?noi?ee?a 80-o
??. O?O – ii/aoeo OO no., ? iniaeeai – I.A?ooaanueeiai.

Oe?a?inueea ?noi??ia?ao?/ia aeoiea e?ioey OO no. i?eoiaeeoue aei
iaoeiaiai ?icoi?iiy iniiaiiai iinooio ?icaeoeo ?noi?e/ii? iaoee,
aecia/aiiy 80-o ??. O?O – ii/aoeo OO no. ye aoaio ?inoeoooe?eii?
c??eino? oe?a?inueei? ?noi??ia?ao??. A/ai? a?aeaeathoue ia?aaaao
ia?niaeoeaai i?aeaeuaiiy oai?aoe/iiai ? iaoiaeieia?/iiai ??aiy aea/aiiy
?noi??? ?noi?e/ii? iaoee. Iaea?eueo eaae?o?eiaaia ?o /anoeia caa?oa?
iniaeeao oaaao ia aenie?eaoe?th iiiyooy “aeeaeaeoe/iee ia?ac”
?noi??ia?ao??, iaiao?aei?noue c’ynoaaiiy aoai?a eiai oi?ioaaiiy ia
iaoa??aeao iaoee, ?? oai?aoe/ieo, eiioeaiooaeueieo oa aeeaeaeoe/ieo
aniaeo?a.

Aiae?co ae?yeueiino? i?aai?caoe?eieo onoaiia, noaio oe?a?inueei?
?noi?e/ii? iaoee, ?noi?e/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue 80-o ??. O?O – ii/aoeo OO
no. o iaoeiaeo i?aoeyo i?aeii?yaeeiaaiee ci?no ae?oai? aeaae ae?oaiai
?icae?eo. Aei oaaae a?aeeny i?aoe? Ae.Aei?ioaiea, A.E?oiieoeueeiai,
A.Iaoyo oa ?ioeo a/aieo. ?acii ?c caaaeueieie aeine?aeaeaiiyie
nenoaiaoe/iiai oa?aeoa?o ?noi??ia?ao?/ia o?aaeeoe?y caa?aaea cia/iee
ianea i?aoeue, i?enay/aieo ie?aiei i?aai?caoe?eiei, no?oeoo?iei
iaeeieoeyi oe?a?inueei? ?noi?e/ii? iaoee e?ioey O?O – ii/aoeo OO no. –
oaeei, ye Iaoeiaa Oiaa?enoai ?i. O.Oaa/aiea, eiai
?noi?e/ii-o?einionueei? naeoe??, A?oaia?ao?/ii? eii?n??, Oe?a?inueeiai
Iaoeiaiai Oiaa?enoaa (OIO) o Ee?a?. A aeieoi?nueeeo ? eaiaeeaeaonueeeo
aeena?oaoe?yo Ae.Aeaieethea, A.Aaaeaiiaa, A.Iaoyo, I.Iae??iei,
A.Ua?aaiue, I.Eieanieeiaa, A.Eo?an, Ae.Iioao?ia, I.Naia?aay oa ?i.,
iiiia?ao?yo I.Iieiinueei?-Aaneeaiei, I.Nioaiy, A.Oeueyiianueeiai,
N.E??aea?aa, I.AEo?ae, noaooyo N.Aiaeioeee, A.Caieeinueeiai, I.Iaaeaiea,
I.Aeaoeaae/a, ?.E?aaaoeueeiai, A.Ua?aeie, A.Na?aay, ?.Aooe/a, oa ?i.
ciaeoei i?noea aeeaiea ona?aeiieaiiy a/aieie aaaeeeaino? iaoeiai? i?aoe?
aeine?aeiee?a oe?a?inueei? ?noi??? e?ioey O?O – ii/aoeo OO no. Aiie ia
i?aenoaa? anaa?/iiai ii?aoethaaiiy a?o?aieo aeaea?ae ? aeieoiaioaeueieo
iaoa??ae?a ?ice?eee i?aai?caoe?ei? iniiae ?noi?e/ii? iaoee, c’ynoaaee
?noi??th IOO o Eueaia?, OIO o Ee?a?, ae?yeuei?noue AOAI, iaoeiaeo
ina?aaee?a, iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo eaoaae?, oiai/anieo onoaiia a Oe?a?i?,
Ee?anueei? a?oaia?ao?/ii? eii?n??, “Enoi?e/aneiai iauanoaa
Ianoi?a-eaoiienoea”, a?o?aieo aoaa?inueeeo eii?n?e, i?aai?caoe?eieo
no?oeoo? ?aa?iiaeueiiai e?a?ciaanoaa, ?iaioo ?aaeaeoe?eiiai eieaeoeao ?
ci?no ioae?eaoe?e “Eeaaneie noa?eiu” oa ?i. A?eueo?noue a/aieo
a?oioothoue nai? aeine?aeaeaiiy ia a?o?aieo iaoa??aeao, ca?oao,
ia?enao, noaooyo, niiaaaeao, caeeoaieo oiai/anieie iaoeiaoeyie, ye?
aiaeii/an aoee ? ooiaeaoi?aie, ni?ai?aoe?aieeaie oeeo onoaiia, ? ?o
?noi?eeaie.

No/ani? a/ai? I.Nioaiue, A.Oeueyiianueeee, N.E??aea?a i?aeaiooaaee
a?oioiaiee iaeyae e?oa?aoo?e, i?enay/aii? ?noi??? AOAI, aea e?eoe/ii
?icaeyioee noai aeine?aeaeaiiy oaie: “I. A?ooaanueeee ? Aeaaeai?y”.
Iiae?ai? iaeyaee i?noyoueny a aeena?oaoe?yo. ?nio? cia/iee ianea i?aoeue
c ?noi??? IOO, iaeiae a?aenooi? neioaoe/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy, a yeiio a
?ice?eaaeeny an? a?ai? ae?yeueiino? Oiaa?enoaa i?ioyaii eiai ?nioaaiiy.
Oey ?iaioa iio?aao? eieaeoeaieo coneeue.

C?inoaiiy ia no/aniiio aoai? ?ie? ?noi?e/ii? iaoee iaoiiaeth?
iaiao?aei?noue ia?ainieneeoe ci?no iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, niaaeueie a/aieo,
ye? ?aeaeii oa i?aai?caoe?eii oai?eee i?aeaaeeie oe?a?inueei? ?noi?e/ii?
iaoee iniaeeai ia iaae? O?O – ii/aoeo OO no. Aei oeueiai niiioea?
aeiaai/ania caiia/oaaiiy, iai?aaeciaiiy, ia?aceeaa, aino?a e?eoeea
?noi?ee?a, na?oiaeyae yeeo noi?ioaaany a aei?aaiethoe?ei? /ane, ca
“ia?icoi?iiy” ieie ia’?eoeaieo caeiiii??iinoae ?noi?e/iiai i?ioeano,
“iaiaaeai?noue” ?o iiaeyae?a, “noa’?eoea?ci”, “iaoe?iiae?ci” oa ?i. C
ia’?eoeaieo iiceoe?e a o?ao?e aeaa? ae?oaiai ?icae?eo “I?ia?aei? iinoao?
oe?a?inueei? ?noi?e/ii? iaoee inoaiiuei? o?aoeie O?O – ii/aoeo OO no. a
?noi?e/i?e e?oa?aoo??” ?ice?eaa?oueny ci?no i?aoeue c ?noi??? oa
?noi??ia?ao??, a yeeo oaaaa i?eae?ey?oueny I.Iaeneiiae/o, I.Einoiia?iao,
I.Eoe?oo, I.Eaca?aanueeiio, I.Ae?aaiiaiiao, A.Aioiiiae/o, ?.O?aieo oa
?i. Aaoi? aecia/ea, ui eaiaeeaeaonuee? aeena?oaoe?? A.Ai?iiiaa,
A.Aiae?a?aa, N.Eaaace, A.O?aiei, E.Iioeei?, iiiia?ao?y TH.I?i/oea, ia?en
A.Oeueyiianueeiai, i?enay/ai? ?noi?e/i?e oai?/ino? ? i?aai?caoe?ei?e
ae?yeueiino? I.Eaca?aanueeiai, Ae.Aei?ioaiea, ?.O?aiea, I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa,
I.Eoe?oa, I.Einoiia?iaa, A.Aioiiiae/a ye?nii a?ae??ciythoueny a?ae
i?aoeue iiia?aaeiee?a.

No/ani? a/ai? a Oe?a?i?, a?aeoiaey/e a?ae noa?aioei?a aeiiaaeaaia
?nioth/i? ?noi??ia?ao??, ana a?eueoa oaaae caa?oathoue ia aea/aiiy
aeeoo?aiai oeyoo ? niaaeueie a/aieo, ye? noiyee a?ey aeoie?a
iaoe?iiaeueii? ?noi??ia?ao??, ni?eyee ?? ?icaeoeo ia iaae? O?O ? OO no.
?o ana a?eueoa oe?eaaeyoue iioeae oai?/ino?, nioe?aeueii-eoeueoo?ia
na?aaeiaeua, na?oiaeyae ? iaoeiaa niaaeueia ?noi?ee?a, na?aeiieo
iaiao?aeiino? ?icaeoeo oiai/anii? ?noi?e/ii? iaoee. Aiie a nai?e
ae?yeueiino? i?aai?/ii ii?aeioaaee i?aai?caoe?eii-iaoeiao,
i?ina?oieoeueeo, eoeueoo?ii-ina?oith ?iaioo c oai?/?noth ?noi?ee?a
Oe?a?ie. Iaeii/anii aeena?oaio canoa??aa? a/aieo a?ae oiai, uia a
?noi??ia?ao?/iiio aeeneo?n? aeeaeoe/ii ii?aeioaaeenue o?aaeeoe?ei? oa
iia? aeaiaioe, a aaeoieeaee iaoeiaee i?aeo?ae i?aei?ithaaany eaene/ieie
iiaoaeiaaie uiaei aecia/aiiy iiceoe?? ?noi?eea. Iaei??th c oiia
iaoeiaiai aea/aiiy oai?/ino? ?noi?ee?a o??? /e ?ioi? aeiae ? caa?iaiiy
oaaae ia noni?eueio na?aeii?noue, noni?eueio ineoieia?th ?? iin??a.

O /aoaa?o?e aeaa? ae?oaiai ?icae?eo “I. A?ooaanueeee ? iaoeia? oeiee a
oe?a?inuee?e ?noi?e/i?e iaooe?: ?noi??ia?ao?/iee aniaeo” aiae?co?oueny
iecea i?aoeue ?c oe??? i?iaeaiaoeee. Iiaa eaea i?i oa, ui a i?aoeyo I.
A?ooaanueeiai, tha?eaeieo iaoeiaeo ca??ieeao, aeine?aeaeaiiyo
A.Aa?anei/oea, I.Ei?aeoae, ?.E?ei’yeaae/a, Ae.Aei?ioaiea, Ae.Aaaae?y,
?.Aeoaiiae/a, I.Iieiinueei?-Aaneeaiei, I.Iaeiaeeia, A.E?oiieoeueeiai,
I.*oaaoiai, I.Aeiia?ianueeiai, I.I??oeaea, N.A?eieiiy, ss.Aeaoeaae/a e
iniaeeai E.Aeia?a ciaeoia a?aeia?aaeaiiy iineeaiee ?ioa?an aei ??cieo
noi??i ae?yeueiino? ?noi?e/ieo oe?e A.Aioiiiae/a, I.A?ooaanueeiai.
Ia’?eoeaii naia ?o aeine?aeaeaiiy aenoioee ia iaaiai?aiiy ieoaiiy
eaoaai??aeueiiai aia?aoo iaoee ye caniao noai?aiiy oe?eueiiai oyaeaiiy
i?i noai oe?a?inueei? ?noi?e/ii? iaoee. A aeaa? aeaia oa?aeoa?enoeea e
ioe?iea ci?noo aeeneon?? a 1970-o ??. o caei?aeiiieo iaoeiaeo eieao
uiaei oe?e ?noi?ee?a Oe?a?ie A.Aioiiiae/a oa I.A?ooaanueeiai, a ye?e
acyee o/anoue I.I??oeae, I.Aeiia?ianueeee, I.Aioiiiae/ oa ?io? a/ai?.
Ie?aneaiiy iiiyooy “?noi?e/ia oeiea”, iaoeia? iaaiai?aiiy ni?eyee
inyaiaiith oaei? aaaeeeai? oi?ie i?aai?caoe?? ?noi?e/ii? i?aoe?.

Aieiaio oaaao i?eae?eaii aiae?co i?aoeue E.Aeia?a, eio?ee a?oioiaii ?
iine?aeiaii i?aeoiaeeoue aei aena?oeaiiy ae?yeueiino? ?noi?e/ii? oeiee
I.A?ooaanueeiai o Eueaia? oa Ee?a?. Iica oaaaith aaoi?a ia caeeoeeeny
i?aoe? A.I?ioeee, iaoa??aee i?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe?? “Ieoaeei
A?ooaanueeee ? Euea?anueea ?noi?e/ia oeiea”, noaoo? N.Ieoaeue/aiea,
ia?o? aeena?oaoe?ei? aeine?aeaeaiiy I.Oa?anaiei, A.Iaaee/a, i?enay/ai?
?noi?e/iei oeieai e?ioey O?O – ii/aoeo OO no. Cie?aia, A.Iaaee/ o
eaiaeeaeaonuee?e aeena?oaoe?? “Euea?anueea ?noi?e/ia oeiea
I.A?ooaanueeiai 1894-1914 ??.” (1996) aeaoaeueii ?icaeyaea? neeaaeia?,
ooieoe??, ?ieue ea??aieea oe??? oeiee, ?? nooiaiaao no?oeoo?o, i?ia?aei?
iaoiaee oa ?ene. Ci?noiaieie ? noaoo?, a oaeiae eaiaeeaeaonueea
aeena?oaoe?y A.Ia?i?eiaa “Oeiea a oe?a?inuee?e ?noi?e/i?e iaooe? ae?oai?
iieiaeie O?O – ii/aoeo OO no.: i?iaeaie oai??? oa ?noi??ia?ao??” (1997).
Aaoi? a eiioaeno? aea/aiiy eaoaai??? “iaoeiai? oeiee”, a aeine?aeaeaiiyo
c ?noi???, nioe?ieia?? iaoee, oa?aeoa?enoee ? ooieoe?e iiiyoue “e?aea?”,
“iaoeiaa aoiinoa?a”, “iaoeiaa ?acoeueoaoeai?noue”, ineoieia?? oai?/ino?
ae??ciy? i?e/eiii-iane?aeeia? ca’ycee i?ioan?eiiai oa iniaenoiai
iaoeiaiai c?inoaiiy ooiaeaoi??a oe?e a oe?a?inuee?e ?noi??ia?ao??
A.Aioiiiae/a, I.A?ooaanueeiai, A.Eeieinueeiai, Ae.Aei?ioaiea.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy A.Ia?i?eiaa a?aee?eaathoue iiaee iai?yiie – caeo/aiiy aei
aea/aiiy oe?e oe?a?inueei? ?noi??ia?ao?? aei?iaeo ?noi??? oa nioe?ieia??
iaoee, nioe?aeueii? ineoieia?? oai?/ino?. ?o aaoi? ?aae?co? naith
?ioa?i?aoaoe?th nioe?iineoieia?/ieo aniaeo?a i?aeiniaenoeo noinoie?a o
iaaeao IOO, OAI, ?noi?e/ieo onoaiia AOAI oa a?aeoai?th? ineoieia?/i?
ii?o?aoe i?ia?aeieo e?aea??a iaoeiaeo oe?e.

sseui ?noi?e/ia oeiea I.A?ooaanueeiai o Eueaia? ? Ee?a? ciaeoea nai?o
iia?oi?o aeine?aeiee?a a iniaao A.Iaaee/a, A.Ia?i?eiaa, oi aea/aiiy ??
?icaeoeo ca ?aaeyinueeeo /an?a, ia i?aenoaa? a?o?aieo iaoa??ae?a, ui
caa??aathoueny a a?o?ainoiaeuao Oe?a?ie, eeoa ?icii/eia?oueny
ioae?eaoe?yie A.Ca?oae ? iniaeeai ss.Aeaoeaae/a. Ia?o? e?iee a oeueiio
iai?yieo cae?eniai? a noaooyo N.A?eieiiy, ?.Aa?ae, I.TH?eiai? oa ?ioeo
aeine?aeiee?a. Cie?aia N.Aiaeioeea ? aaoi?ii noaoae, i?enay/aieo
iaoeiai-aeine?aei?e eaoaae?? ?noi??? Oe?a?ie a Oa?eia?, i?ioeano
aca?iiae?? iaoeiaeo oe?e oe?a?inueei? ?noi??ia?ao?? 1920-o ??.

E?eoe/iee ia?aaeyae onoaeaieo iiaeyae?a A.Ai?iiiaei, E.E?noa?nueeith,
A.Naioeaae/ai, N.Aiaeioeeith, ?.Aa?aith oa ?ioeie a/aieie ia niaaeueio
?aaeyinueei? ?noi??ia?ao?? aeicaiey? ?icii/aoe i?ioean c’ynoaaiiy i?noey
oa ?ie? oe?e I.Aaneeaiea, I.Neaa/aiea, I.Iaeiaeia, I.ssai?nueeiai a
iinooi? oe?a?inueei? ?noi?e/ii? iaoee.

I?e?aeiaiiy oe?a?inueei? ?noi?e/ii? oeiee aei na?oiaeo ?? c?ace?a ni?ey?
iiooeai aeoie?a iaoeiaeo oe?e, ?o i?aaeiaoieo iciae. A/aieie
aecia/athoueny oai?aoe/i? i?aeaaeeie, eiioeaiooaeueiee ci?no,
ooieoe?iiaeuei? neeaaeia? no?oeoo?e ?noi?e/ieo oe?e, ie?aneththoueny
aeinyaiaiiy caniiaiee?a.

O?ao?e ?icae?e “I. A?ooaanueeee – eeth/iaa iinoaoue oe?a?inueei?
?noi?e/ii? iaoee ia ?oaaae? O?O ? OO no. a ?noi?e/i?e e?oa?aoo??”
aeeth/a? ?icaeyae i?iaeaie a?ia?ao?? a eiioaeno? oai?/ino?,
iaoeiai-i?aai?caoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? ? aecia/aiiy eiai ye aeaeaoiiai
?noi?eea.

O aeaa? “Oai?/a a?ia?ao?y I.A?ooaanueeiai a iaoeia?e e?oa?aoo??”
c’yniaothoueny iai?yiee aeine?aeaeaiue oe?a?inueeeie a/aieie aeeoo?aiai
oeyoo ?noi?eea.

Caa?iaiiy aei i?aoeue E.Aeia?a, a?o?aieo aeaea?ae, aeieoiaio?a
I.A?ooaanueeiai o oiiae? 1235 Oeaio?aeueiiai aea?aeaaiiai ?noi?e/iiai
a?o?ao Oe?a?ie o i. Ee?a?, eenooaaiiy a?aee?eaathoue a?eueo oe?ie?
iiaeeeaino? aeey iaiiaiaiiy ??ciiiai?oieie a?aeiiinoyie a?ia?ao??
a/aiiai. I?ae eooii ci?o iioe?aiiy eiea a?ia?ao?/ieo aeaea?ae
?icaeyaeathoueny i?aoe? A.Naa?iee, E.Aeia?a, iiyaa iiai? na???
“Ai?noiey?i? aeaea?aea a?ooaanueeiciaanoaa”, ?? ia?oee oii “Eenooaaiiy
Ieoaeea A?ooaanueeiai” (1997), ca??ee a?o?aieo iaoa??ae?a “Ieoaeei
A?ooaanueeee ? AIO-IEAAe. O?aa?/ia aeanyoee?ooy: 1924-1934” (1996),
uiaeaiieee A?ooaanueeiai ca 1883-1893 ??., 1886-1894 ? 1904-1910 ?ie?a,
eio?? ?acii ?c “Niiieiaie” i?noyoue iia? aeai? ?c a?aeiia?aeieie
eiiaioa?yie oa iiyniaiiyie. A aeaa? aiae?cothoueny aei?aaiethoe?ei?
aeaeaiiy, i?aoe? Ae.Aei?ioaiea, I.Aa?iaeca, Ae.Aaaae?y, aeaco?oueny ia
oaeoe caa?iaiiy aei a?ia?ao?? ? ae?yeueiino? I.A?ooaanueeiai
?.E?ei’yeaae/a, ?.Ai?uaea, A.A?aeiiaa, C.Eocaey, TH.Eaa?eiaiea,
I.Uoeuea?ia, I.Noao?aa, A.Aeoa?ianueeiai, A.Eaae?ianueeiai, O.Oaa/aiea,
I.Aae?e, I.Noaiai?oeii?, I.*oaaoiai, I.Iaeiaeeia,
I.Iieiinueei?-Aaneeaiei, A.E?oiieoeueeiai oa ?i. Aecia/aii cia/aiiy
?noi??ia?ao?/ii? ?ica?aeee ?.Ae?e/a, yeee aiae?co? aianie aeo?iaeo
“Oe?a?inueeee ?noi?ee” o ?icaeoie a?ooaanueeiciaanoaa. I?aaeiaoii
iniaeeai? oaaae aaoi?a noaee a?oioiai? i?aoe? E.Aeia?a.

No/ani? aeine?aeieee a Oe?a?i? o nai?o i?aoeyo a?eueo aeeaiei aea/athoue
aeeooy ? iaoeiai-i?aai?caoe?eio ae?yeuei?noue I.A?ooaanueeiai, i?i ui
na?ae/aoue noaoo? I.Eo/a?aiea, ?.Aa?ae, I.?iiai?aa, ss.Aeaoeaae/a, eio??
i?iaiae?ciaai? ?acii ?c aeiiia?aeyie ? iia?aeiieaiiyie oe?a?inueeeo
a/aieo ia iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo “Ieoaeei A?ooaanueeee”, “Ieoaeei
A?ooaanueeee ? Cao?aeia Oe?a?ia” (Euea?a, 1994) oa ?i.

Noaoo? A.Ee?aea ?acii ?c ioae?eaoe?yie E.Aeia?a, ss.Aeaoeaae/a ne?ae
?icaeyaeaoe ye i?iaeiaaeaiiy ?ic?iaee i?iaeaie ?noi??? ai?ioueae ca
niaaeueio I. A?ooaanueeiai oa iaaeiei ia?, ii/eiath/e c 1988 ?ieo.
Na?aae ioae?eaoe?e a “Oe?a?inueeiio ?noi?e/iiio aeo?iae?” iniaeeaith
a?oioiai?noth ca aeei?enoaiiyi ??ciiiai?oieo aeaea?ae aeae?ey?oueny
noaooy I.?oaeueiaa “Ieoaeei A?ooaanueeee: ia?oee ??e o ?aaeyinuee?e
Oe?a?i?” (ni?iae ?aeiino?oeoe??). Aaaeeeai, ui aaoi? caa?oa? oaaao ia
ieoaiiy aeeooy ? ae?yeueiino? I.A?ooaanueeiai, ye? aaea ciaeoee, aea a
iaiiaiiio ianyc?, aena?oeaiiy a i?aoeyo ?.Ie?iaa, N.A?eieiiy, I.Nioaiy,
A.Oeueyiianueeiai, N.E??aea?aa oa ?.Ae?e/a. Aeine?aeaeaiiy e?oa?aoo?e,
ui aeeoea i?ioyaii aeeooy I.A?ooaanueeiai – ? aei iaoeo aei?a,
cana?ae/o? iino?eiee ?ioa?an ?? aaoi??a aei a?ia?ao??, ia??iae?a aeeooy
oa iaoeiai-i?aai?caoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? a/aiiai.

Aaaeeeaith ?enith ?noi?e/ieo caoe?eaaeaiue noa? i?iaeaiaoeea oai?/i?
a?ia?ao?? I.A?ooaanueeiai ? iacaanath/ee ?ioa?an aeine?aeiee?a aei oe???
oaie. Oe?ii?noue ?aii?o i?aoeue i?i A?ooaanueeiai iieyaa? a oiio, ui
aiie iaienai? aaciina?aaei?ie eiai o/iyie, ni?a?ia?oieeaie, eio?? aoee
ciaeii? c aeeooyi ? oai?/?noth a/aiiai ye ia Oe?a?i?, oae ? a
ai?a?aoe??.

Iinooiiai c?inoa? iaoeiaee ??aaiue aeine?aeaeaiue. A oe?eiio ?noi?eee,
aeieath/e o?oaeiiu?, iia’ycai? c noa’?eoea?ciii o aena?oeaii? ie?aieo
ieoaiue, iienia?noue, a neeo ia’?eoeaieo i?e/ei oa neaaei? ?ic?iaee
a?o?a?a ? aeaea?ae, eoee i?aaeeueieiei oeyoii ? noai?eee i?aoe?, ye?
ni?eyee ai?iaaaeaeaiith a?oioiaii? noaie ia??iaeecaoe?? aeeooy ?
iaoeiai-i?aai?caoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? I. A?ooaanueeiai.

Ii/eiath/e c 1991 ?ieo, a?aee?eeenue iiaeeeaino? caeo/aiiy aei
aena?oeaiiy cacia/aii? i?iaeaiaoeee iiaeo a?o?aieo iaoa??ae?a,
ai?noiey???a, aeaea?ae ? ia ?o a?oio? i?aeaioiaee ye?nii iiaeo i?aoeue,
o yeeo ciaeoee iiaeeaeaia aea/aiiy noi??iee aeeooy ? ae?yeueiino? I.
A?ooaanueeiai.

O ae?oa?e aeaa? o?aoueiai ?icae?eo “I. A?ooaanueeee ye ?noi?ee”,
i?iaeiaaeoth/e aeine?aeaeoaaoe noaaeaiiy oe?a?inueeeo a/aieo aei
niaaeueie aeaeaoiiai i?aaenoaaieea ?noi?e/ii? iaoee, aaoi? caa?ioa oaaao
ia eiai aa/aiiy ?noi?e/iiai i?ioeano, na?oiaeyaei? iiceoe??, oai?aoe/i?
i??eoaaiiy, iaoiaeieia?/io ni?yiiaai?noue iaoeiai? oai?/ino?.

Iiaiie?iaii i?aaenoaaeyth/e ia?iaeieoeueeee na?oiaeyae, I.A?ooaanueeee
iaoeiaith i?aoeath ynii cana?ae/ea ianooii?noue nai?o iiaeyae?a c
I.Einoiia?iaei, A.Aioiiiae/ai. Ia ?o oa eiai aeine?aeaeaiiyo oi?ioaaee
na?e na?oiaeyae iieie?iiy aei?aaiethoe?eieo ? i?ney?aaiethoe?eieo
?noi?ee?a, o/i? ? ni?a?ia?oieee a/aiiai. A oiiaao aacaea?aeaaiino?
ia?iaeieoeueea ?noi??ia?ao?y aoea i?e?iaeiith ?aaeoe??th ia eiioeaioe??
i?aaenoaaiee?a ?in?enueei?, iieuenueei? oa aano??enueei? ?noi?e/ieo
iaoe.

Iaeii/anii an??th nai?th iaoeiai-i?aai?caoe?eiith ae?yeuei?noth,
oai?/?noth I.A?ooaanueeee aeaiiino?o? a?aee?eo?noue aei ?a?iiaenueei? oa
na?oiai? ?noi?e/ii? iaoee, aioiai?noue ni?eeiaoe iia? i?aeoiaee a
?noi?e/ieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo.

?noi??ia?ao?/ia o?aaeeoe?y cao?eniaaia a aeine?aeaeaiiyo, noaooyo,
iia?aeiieaiiyo, ui iinyoue ia??aeei oa?aeoa? aino?iai i?ioenoiyiiy, ia?
a?aeaeoie aeeneon?eiino? uiaei aianeo I.A?ooaaneiai o ?icaeoie
oe?a?inueei? ?noi?e/ii? iaoee. ?nio? i?iaeaia aecia/aiiy ?noi??inio??,
iaoiaeieia??, ?aeaeii-eiioeaiooaeueieo canaae oai?/ino? a/aiiai.
Cacia/aia ?ethno?othoue /eneaii? i?eeeaaee ?aeaieia?/iiai aeaiaith,
iniaeeai c aieo i?aaenoaaiee?a ?aaeyinueei? ?noi??ia?ao??, ye iieaciee
iaaiiai ??aiy ?noi?e/ii? iaoee, ?aii?oth/iai i?eioeei aeeaieiai
iaoe?iiaeueiiai naiii?ciaiiy oa naiina?aeiiino?.

?aaeyinuee? ?noi?eee, cae?enithth/e naith ae?yeuei?noue a oiiaao
aea?aeaaiiai eiio?ieth, a?aeeeaeaee noaio I.A?ooaanueeiai, yea
i?ae?eaaea aieiai? ?noi?e/i? eiioeaioe?? ia?aae?aaiethoe?eii?
?in?enueei? ?noi??ia?ao??, a oaeiae ?aaeyinueeo noaio ?noi??? Oe?a?ie.

Aieiaiith ae?eyieith iaoeiai? oai?/ino? I.A?ooaanueeiai ? ?noi??y
Oe?a?ie ? aeiiii?aei? ?noi?e/i? aeenoeeie?ie. A iiiia?ao?? “Ai?oath/e
noi??iee…” aaoi? aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ie?aiee ?icae?e
i?enay/o? ?noi?e/iei caoe?eaaeaiiyi I.A?ooaanueeiai, ?icaeyaeath/e ?o
e??cue i?ecio ?noi??ia?ao?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue a/aiiai a eiai “?noi???
Oe?a?ie-?one” (Aeea. iiiia?ao?th, N. 11-78). Ia iaio aaaeeeaei
aaaaeaeiny oaeiae a ?noi??ia?ao?/iiio ?aeo?n? cao?enoaaoe niinoa?aaeaiiy
e aeoiee /eneaiieo aaoi??a, eio?? a nai?o aeine?aeaeaiiyo aiae?cothoue
ci?no iiioiaioaeueii? i?aoe?, ?noi?e/ii? niaaeueie I.A?ooaanueeiai. A
aeaa? i?iaiae?ciaai? i?aoe? Ae.Aei?ioaiea, Ae.Aaaae?y, E.Iaeueieea,
I.Neoieea, ss.?na?ae/a, I.AEoeeinueeiai, ?.O?aiea, A.Aa?anei/oea,
I.Ei?aeoae, A.E?oiieoeueeiai, N.Oiiao?anueeiai, I.I??oeaea,
?.Aeoaiiae/a, I.Iieiinueei?-Aaneeaiei, I.Aeiia?ianueeiai, oeeee
aeine?aeaeaiue E.Aeia?a, a oaeiae I.Nioaiy, A.Niie?y, E.Caoe?eueiyea,
ss.Aeaoeaae/a oa ?ioeo no/anieo oe?a?inueeeo a/aieo.

Aaoi? oaeiae c’ynoaaa, ui nioe?ieia?/i? aniaeoe oai?/ino?
I.A?ooaanueeiai ?icaeyioo? a iiiia?ao?? I.Eiieeaiea. Aaoi?ii
i?iaiae?ciaaia i?aoey I.A?ooaanueeiai “Ii/aoee a?iiaaeyinoaa. Aaiaoe/ia
nioe?ieia?y”. Oe?eaa? ?icaeoie iaae ?noi??inio??th I.A?ooaanueeiai
caeeoeee I.Ei?aeoaa, Ae.Aei?ioaiei, A.E?oiieoeueeee, I.Iaeiaeei,
?.Aeoaiiae/, E.Aeia?, I.Aeiia?ianueeee, I.I??oeae, ss.Aeaoeaae/,
E.Caoe?eueiye, ss.A?eoeae, I.sseiaaiei oa ?io? a/ai?. Aiie noaee
i?aaeiaoii ?icaeyaeo a aeena?oaoe??.

O 1996 ?ioe? c’yaeeiny ia?oa aeena?oaoe?eia aeine?aeaeaiiy a Oe?a?i?,
i?enay/aia ?noi??inio?? I.A?ooaanueeiai, yea i?aeaiooaaa A.Aa?acaiaoeue.
Aaoi? ?icaeyaea? iinoaoue I.A?ooaanueeiai ye iaoeiaoey ? iie?oeea,
aiae?co? aeaiaioe eiai iaoeiaiai na?oiaeyaeo oa aea/a? aieeae ia
?icaeoie eiai iaoeiai? aeoiee aeii?ioth/eo o iaoeiaiio na?aaeiaeu? O?O
no. iai?yie?a: ?iiaioecio oa iiceoea?cio.

Ci?noii o?einionueeeo ?icaeoi?a A.Aa?acaioey ? iaaieioaiiy e aeiaaaeaiiy
iieiaeaiiy i?i oa, ui ?iiaioe/iee iaoe?ioeaio?eci ye aeo?aeiee, a oaeiae
?noi?e/iee iiceoea?ci c eiai aieeaaie ia ?icaeoie ?noi??inionueeeo
i?eioeei?a oa iaoiaeieia?th aeine?aeo I.A?ooaanueeiai neioacoaaeeny a
eiioeaioe?th, yeo iiaeia aecia/eoe ye ?noi?e/iee iaoe?ioeaio?eci. Aaoi?
iaa?oiooaaa iieiaeaiiy i?i oa, ui ?noi??inio?y I.A?ooaanueeiai ?
oai?aoe/iei ooiaeaiaioii iaoe?iiaeueii? ?aea?, aea o??aaea: iaoe?y,
?ioae?aaioe?y, aea?aeaaa – aenooia? ia ia?oee ieai. A.Aa?acaiaoeue
aeia?a, ui iaoe?iiaeueio ?aeath aeaeaoiee a/aiee ? iie?oee ?icaeyaea?
ye i?iaeoeo nioe?aeueii? oai?/ino? aoiino oa iaaea? ?e aiinaieia?/iiai
noaoono.

O aeaa? iniaeeao oaaao caa?iooi ia aiae?c iaoa??ae?a iaoeiai?
eiioa?aioe?? “Ieoaeei A?ooaanueeee ? no/ania ?noi?e/ia aeoiea”, ui
a?aeaoeany o aa?ani? 1996 ?ioe? o Eueaia?. Cie?aia, aeaoaeueii
?icaeyiooee ci?no aeiiia?ae? ss.Aeaoeaae/a “I.A?ooaanueeee – ?noi?ee
ia?iaeieoeueeiai /e aea?aeaaieoeueeiai iai?yieo?”, a oaeiae eiai anooiia
noaooy “Ieoaeei A?ooaanueeee ye iniaa ? iniaeno?noue” aei ca??ee eeno?a
a/aiiai E.Nooaeeinueeiio, i?aeaioiaeaia aei ae?oeo A.Naa?iee (1996).
A/aiee iiaea? ?icai?ioo? oa?aeoa?enoeee iaoeiai? oai?/ino? ?
iaoiaeieia?? aecia/iiai ?noi?eea Oe?a?ie. Aieiaiith oacith, yeo
a?aenoith? ? iaa?oioiao? aaoi?, ? oaa?aeaeaiiy i?i oa, ui ia?aeiiiei
iiiaioii a oe?a?inuee?e ?noi?e/i?e iaooe? o oe?eiio, inoaoi/iei
a?aeoiaeii a?ae ?noi??ia?ao?/iiai ia?iaeieoeoaa oa ia?aoiaeii ia
?noi??ia?ao?/ia iaoe?iiaeueia aea?aeaaieoeoai ne?ae aaaaeaoe iiyao
ia?oeo /ioe?ueio oii?a “?noi??? Oe?a?ie-?one” oa i?aoeth “Cae/aeia noaia
?onueei? ?noi??? e ni?aaa ?aoe?iiaeueiiai oeeaaeo ?noi??? no?aeiiai
neia’yinoaa.” I?ioyaii 1899-1904 ??. aoei cio?iaaii i?oeiee ooiaeaiaio
iiaiai iai?yieo a oe?a?inuee?e ?noi?e/i?e iaooe?, yeee oaia?, c
ia?niaeoeae iaeaea iaeiiai noi??//y, c iiaiei i?aaii iiaeia iacaaoe
iaoe?iiaeueii-aea?aeaaiei. Iniiaia /anoeia aeiiia?ae? ss.Aeaoeaae/a
i?enay/aia iaa?oiooaaiith ? aaaiiei aeieacai uiaei cacia/aieo
iieiaeaiue. A aeaa? aeacaii, ui noiae? aeoiee uiaei aea?aeaaieoeoaa
I.A?ooaanueeiai ua a 1978 ?. aeeacaa I.Noao?a o ?ica?aeoe? “Iaoa??aee
i?i na?oiaeyae A?ooaanueeiai”, a oaeiae i?aeo?eiaa ? iaa?oiooaaa
E.Aeia?. Oe?iieie ? ? ?icaeoie ss.Aeaoeaae/a uiaei iiceoea?cio
I.A?ooaanueeiai.

Oaiaoe/ii c oe??th /anoeiith aeiiia?ae? a/aiiai ca?aa?oueny ci?no noaoo?
E.Caoe?eueiyea “?noi?e/ia niaaeueia I.N.A?ooaanueeiai a eiioaeno?
no?aeii?a?iiaenueei? ?noi??ia?ao?? ii/aoeo OO no.” (1997). ?icaeyaeath/e
?noi??inionueeo eiioeaioe?th aeaeaoiiai a/aiiai, aaoi? iaeii/anii
iaaieioo? ia oiio, ui aiia oaeiae nie?aeanue ia nioe?ieia?/ia ?icoi?iiy
?noi???, a iaoiaeieia?/i? iiaeyaee aecia/aeeny nai???aeiei ii?aeiaiiyi
i?ina?oieoeueei-?iiaioe/ieo, nioe?ieia?/ii-iiceoea?nonueeeo oa
iaieaio?ainueeeo ?aeae, o oeaio?? yeeo ia?aaoaaea eaoaai??y
“ia?iaeo-iaoe??” ye aieiaii? aoiinioe?aeueii? ni?eueiioe. E.Caoe?eueiye
oaeiae aeaoaeueii coieiy?oueny ia iaoiaeieia?/ieo iiaeyaeao
?ioa?i?aoaoe?? a/aiei eaoaai??? “ia?iaeo” oi?aa?nae?nonueeiio
?icoi?ii? ?noi?e/iiai i?ioeano, yea iia’ycoaaei aaiethoe?th ie?aiiai
ia?iaeo-iaoe?? ?c caaaeueiiethaenueeei iinooiii.

A/aiee i?aeoaa?aeaeo? aeoieo ?.Aeoaiiae/a i?i oa, ui A?ooaanueeee ia
??ci? aoaie aaiethoe?? nioe?oio aeeaeany ye ia oae?, aea ia eiaeiiio c
ieo ae?thoue ??ci? /eiieee, ? iaea?eueoa iaaaciaea iieyaa? o
i?enoinoaaii? iaoa??aeo i?ae ye?nue nioe?ieia?/i? noaie. I?ioa
A?ooaanueeee aeio?eioaaany ana ae /?oei ie?aneaii? noaie aaiaceno,
aaiethoe?? ? o?ainoi?iaoe?? aoiinioe?aeueii? ni?eueiino?. Ane?ae ca
E.Aeia?ii aaoi? ?icaeaa? aeoieo i?i oa, ui I.A?ooaanueeee aoa
i?ioeaieeii ?noi?e/iiai iii?cio (aea ia oie?cio) o aoaeue-yeiio
aeaeyae?. Acyo? a noeoiiino? oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy, ?ic?iaeai?
I.A?ooaanueeei, oiiaeeeaeee ii?aoethaaiiy iei neioaco oe?a?inueei?
?noi???, yeee ii?aeiaa e?eoe/io iaoeia?noue, aeeaieee aeieoiaioae?ci,
aaaaoiaei??i?noue iaoiaeeee, a iaoiaeieia?/iee i?aeo?ae aeaeaoiiai
a/aiiai ? nueiaiaei? i?eaaaeth? nai?th ni?yiiaai?noth ia iaeneiaeueia
anaa?/ia aea/aiiy nioe?aeueieo yaeu o ?o ?noi?e/iiio ?icaeoeo ?
i?aaeiaoi?e eiie?aoeoe? aac ooo/iiai nioe?ieia?cio.

A aeaa? i?iaiae?ciaai? oaeiae i?aoe? A.Iiooeueieoeueeiai, N.Ceoiei,
?ica?aeee ? iia?aeiieaiiy A.*i?i?y, I.Aeue/oe, I.Aiae?onyea,
E.Oeiioaiea, i?enay/ai? ??ciei aniaeoai ?noi?e/ii? eiioeaioe??
I.A?ooaanueeiai.

Cae?eniaiee ?icaeyae ci?noo i?aoeue oe?a?inueeeo a/aieo aeyaey?
?nioaaiiy iino?eii? ?aoeaen?? ?noi?e/ii? aeoiee uiaei oai?/ino?
I.A?ooaanueeiai ye ?noi?eea. No/ania iaoeiaa a?iiaaenuee?noue iinooiiai
iicaaaey?oueny oia?aaeaeaiue, a?aeeeaea? iaiaa?oioiaai? caeioaa/aiiy a
iaiaaeaiino? iaoiaeieia?? ? ??ci? caeeaee ia aae?ano aeaeaoiiai
?noi?eea, noaaeoue ieoaiiy i?i iaao?aei?noue onoiaiiy iaoiaeieia?/ieo
iaiaaeaiue a i?ciaii? e ioe?ioe? eiai niaaeueie, eiioeaiooaeueieo canaae
oai?/ino?. Oe?eeii i?ici?ith ? ? na?oiaeyaeia iiceoe?y i?ia?aeieo
aeine?aeiee?a, a eiaeiiio ?ac? aeyaeyth/e ?oo iaoeiai? aeoiee a iai?yieo
caaaa/aiiy ciaiue i?i iaoiaeieia?th, iaeaaei?noue I.A?ooaanueeiai aei
iaoe?iiaeueii-aea?aeaaieoeueeiai iai?yieo, a ia eeoa ia?iaeieoeueeiai a
oe?a?inuee?e ?noi??ia?ao??, ui cana?ae/o? iiaeeaeaiiy oyaeaiue i?i
iueiai oa oiai/anio ?noi?e/io iaoeo.

O aeniiaeao eiie?aoecothoueny ? ocaaaeueiththoueny ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiiy:

1. Anaa?/iee oa iaoia?aaeaeaiee aiae?c, ui nie?a?oueny ia aeciai? o
na?o? caaaeueiiiaoeia? i?eioeeie ? canaaee, iaoeiao iaoiaeieia?th aea?
iiaeeea?noue oieeiooe c?iaeaieo iiieeie o ieioeiio. Oe?a?inueea
inoi?iia?aoiy, iaoapeeiaa i aeianii?ia, ia? a nai?io a?naiaei
iino?oiaioa?ie, ui cia/ii ?icoe?th? iiaeeeainoi iaoeiaiai iiooeo,
aaiaey/e ia eiai i?aioo ia eeoa iiai eaoaai?ii i iiiyooy, aea e iaoeiai
aeenoeeieiie.

2. ?ic?iaeaia i cai?iiiiiaaia oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieiai/ia iiaeaeue aea/aiiy
ieioeiai oe?a?inueei? inoi?e/ii? iaoee ia ceaii OIX i XX noieioue ?
iaeiei c aa?iaioia inoi?iia?aoi/iiai neioaco ? a?aee?eaa? iiaeeeaino?
ocaaaeueiaiiy aeineiaeieoeueeiai aeinaiaeo oei?? iaoee.

3. I?iaaaeaiee ia iiaenoaai oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieiai/ii? iiaeaei aiaeic
aeineiaeaeaiiy noaio oe?a?inueei? inoi?e/ii? iaoee o 80-o ??. XIX – ia
ii/aoeo OO no. canaiae/o? aaiethoeieiee ?icaeoie oe?a?inueei?
inoi?iia?aoi?. Aea/aiiy eioa?aoo?e aeicaiey? noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui ca
oaiaoe/iith ni?yiiaaiinoth, ioiieaiiyi ?icieo aniaeoia oe?a?inueeiai
inoi?e/iiai i?ioeano, niaaith aei i?iaoaeaeaiiy e oi?ioaaiiy
iaoeiiiaeueii? naiinaiaeiiinoi caiai ia?iaeo oe?a?inueei iioaeaeooaee a
aaeoci inoi?e/ii? iaoee aeinyaee cia/ieo oniioia. ?o iaoeiaa oai?/inoue,
oe?iei ciaiiy aio/eciyii?, ?a?iiaenueei? oa naioiai? inoi?i?,
noniieueii? aeoiee o ii?aeiaiii c i?aoeacaeaoiicoth noai?eee oiiae aeey
iinooiiaiai iiaeaeuaiiy ?iaiy inoi?e/ieo i?aoeue, iaeiie/aiiy a?oiaieo
oa aeaea?aeueieo iaoa?iaeia i ia?aooi aiaineiaoei? oe?a?inueei?
icoi?e/ii? iaoee c iaae ?inienueei?, iieuenueei?, aano?ienueei? iaoeiai?
coa?e.

4. Iaoiaeieia?/iee noa?aioei ?aaeyinueei? ?noi??ia?ao?? i?i e?eco
aei?aaiethoe?eii? ?noi?e/ii? iaoee, ?? caiaiaae o eiioeaiooaeueiiio
ieai? uiaei oe?a?inueei? ?noi?e/ii? iaoee e?ioey O?O – ii/aoeo OO no. ?
iaoeiai iaiaa?oioiaaiei oa noia?a/eoue eiie?aoi?e ?noi??ia?ao?/i?e
i?aeoeoe?. I?iaeaio e?ece ?noi?e/ii? iaoee ne?ae ?icaeyaeaoe,
iia’ycoth/e ?? c? ci?iaie a ?? aioo??oi?e i?e?iae?, noni?eueiiai aeeooy
aiioe ia i?aenoaa? nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo. “Neoi/aiiy” ?ioa?an?a
aeine?aeiee?a a Oe?a?i? iaaeiei niaaeueie ?noi?ee?a “ia?iaeieoeueeiai”
iai?yieo, “aeaiie?aoe/iiai oaai?o” oa “i?ia?aneaieo” anoaiiaethaaei
iiaeeeaee ca’ycie ?aaeyinueei? ?noi??ia?ao?? c aei?aaiethoe?eiith ?
iaeii/anii ca?aeithaaei ??. Cacia/aia ? iaei??th c i?e/ei iacaaacia/aiiy
iinooiaeueiiai ?icaeoeo ?aaeyinueei? oe?a?inueei? ?noi??ia?ao??. Iiyaa a
1959 ? a 1983 ??. i?aoeue I.Ia?/aiea ? E.Eiaaeaiea ia aei?aaeea oeueiai
noaiiaeua. ?noi?eei-iaoa??ae?noe/iee iaoiae, aeaoi?iiaaiee aea?aeaaiei
ao?o/aiiyi a ?noi?e/io iaoeo, c naiiai ii/aoeo ia iio?aiea ia
ni?eyoeeaee a?oio oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/ieo o?aaeeoe?e e iniaeeai
?noi?e/ii? aeoiee a Oe?a?i? O?O – ii/aoeo OO no., cie?aia,
I.A?ooaanueeiai oa eiai no/aniee?a.

5. I?ae aeeeoaoii oeaio?o ana a?eueo i?ei??oaoiiai ?icaeoeo iaaoaathoue
aeine?aeaeaiiy ia?enenonueeiai iai?yieo ia?aaaaeii a ?noi?eei-ia?o?eiiio
?aeo?n?, ui cae?eaa? niaith ?ic?iaeo noaio ?noi?e/ii? iaoee,
aeine?aeaeaiue c ?noi??? Oe?a?ie a e?ioe? O?O – ia ii/aoeo OO no.
Neeueiee aieea ia’?eoeaieo oa noa’?eoeaieo oaeoi??a iicia/eany ia
ioae?eaoe?yo a ?aaeyinuee?e ?noi??ia?ao??, i?enay/aieo I.A?ooaanueeiio,
ui c’yaeeeny c na?aaeeie 1920-o ? aeoiaeeee aei e?ioey 1980-o ??.
Ia?aaaaeia a?eueo?noue noaoae a aioeeeeiiaaee/ieo aeaeaiiyo, iaoeia?e,
iaa/aeuei?e oa i?iiaaaiaeenonuee?e e?oa?aoo?? oeao? ia e?aeith
iaeiia?/i?noue, oia?aaeaeaii?noue, iineeaio aai iineaaeaio caeaaeii a?ae
io?oe?eieo ioe?iie ? ana a?eueoi? ?aeaieia?caoe?? noni?eueii?
na?aeiiino?. ?nio?/a iaoe?ia e?oa?aoo?a ? oaia: “I.A?ooaanueeee o
aena?oeaii? ?aaeyinueei? ?noi??ia?ao??” iio?aao? a?oioiaiiai aiae?co oa
iiiia?ao?/iiai aea/aiiy. Noaoo? A.Ca?oae, ss.Aeaoeaae/a, A.Ee?aea, a
yeeo aena?oeththoueny noi??iee ?noi??? ai?ioueae c I.A?ooaanueeei, eiai
oeieith o Ee?a?, o Euea?anueeiio oi?aa?neoao? i?ioyaii 1924–34
??., 1945 – ii/aoeo 1950-o ??. oa a e?ioe? 1980-o eeoa ?icii/eiathoue
oeae i?ioean.

6. *anoeia oe?a?inueeeo ?noi?ee?a, iieieaoenue ca ei?aeiiii, ni?eyea
?aeaeiiio oa i?aai?caoe?eiiio noaiiaeaiith oe?a?inueei? ?noi?e/ii? iaoee
caaaeyee ae?yeueiino? oe?a?inueeeo ? iaoe?a?inueeeo onoaiia ?
oi?aa?neoao?a, ?icaeoeo ca’yce?a c ?a?iiaenueeeie iaoeiaeie eieaie.
Aiie, aeieath/e ?aeaieia?/i? aieeae ii?acee aecaieueieo ciaaaiue 1918–
1920 ??., ia a?ae?aco, a oeyoii ana a?eueo ia’?eoeaiiai inyaiaiiy
niaaeueie iiia?aaeiee?a, i?eeoee aei ona?aeiieaiiy aaiethoe?? ?noi?e/ii?
iaoee c iiceoe?? iiaeeaeaiiy iaoeiaeo ciaiue i?i ieioea, ca??yee iinooi
nai?o aeine?aeaeaiue ?c na?oiaei ??aiai. Cao?aei? oe?a?inuee? a/ai?,
noai?eaoe oe?eo iaoeiao aeenoeeie?io – a?ooaanueeiciaanoai, a ??
?icaeoeo i?ieoe aeaa ia??iaee: c 1965 – ii 1990 ? c 1991 – aei e?ioey
1990-o ??. A e?ioe? ia?oiai ia??iaeo oa ia ae?oaiio aoai? aei ieo
i?e?aeiaeeny a/ai? c Oe?a?ie, ona?aeiieaoe, ui I. A?ooaanueeee ?
eeth/iaith iinoaooth, ui c’?aeio? ?noi?e/io iaoeiao o?aaeeoe?th c
no/ani?noth.

7. A i?ia?aeieo iaoeiaeo oeaio?ao Oe?a?ie – Ee?a?, Eueaia?,
Aei?i?iiao?ianueeo, Oa?eia?, Iaean?, Oaeai?iae? a/ai? aeoea?cothoue
iaoeiao ae?yeuei?noue o aaeoc? oe?a?inueei? ?noi??ia?ao??. Eiei ?o
?ioa?an?a neeaaeathoue iaoiaeieia?/i? i?iaeaie ?noi?e/ii? iaoee,
?inoeooae?caoe?? ?noi??ia?ao??, a?i?noi??ia?ao??. I?ae ea??aieoeoaii
i?ia?aeieo a/aieo aaea iieiaea iieie?iiy ?noi?ee?a ?ic?iaey? ieoaiiy
?noi??ia?ao?? O?O – ii/aoeo OO no., iioe?th? nai? ?ioa?ane ia
?aa?iiaeueio i?iaeaiaoeeo. Ci?ia ?noi??ia?ao?/ieo i??i?eoao?a,
ona?aeiieaiiy ???a?o?? caaaeueiiai, eieaeueiiai a ?noi?eei-iaoeiaeo
aeine?aeaeaiiyo i?eiineoue iaai? ?acoeueoaoe. Oeyoii iaoeiaiai
ii?aoethaaiiy oe?a?inuee? a/ai? caeiiii??ii i?eeoee aei c??eiai
ona?aeiieaiiy ia??iaeo 80-o ??. O?O – ii/aoeo OO no. ye aeiae
i?aai?caoe?eii? oa a e?ioeaa?e oac? – ?aeaeii-eiioeaiooaeueii?
?inoeooae?caoe?? oe?a?inueei? ?noi??ia?ao??, iaiao?aeiino? noai?aiiy ??
iiai? ia??iaeecaoe??, ie?aneaiiy aeeaeaeoe/iiai ia?aco.

8. A i?aoeyo ca?oa?aeieo a/aieo ? a?o/eciyieo ?noi?ee?a ?icaeyioo?
?noi?e/i? oiiae ? ianoaaeie ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueei? ?noi?e/ii? iaoee,
noae? oi?ie iaoeiai-i?aai?caoe?eii? i?aoe? oeo /an?a, ciaeoee inieneaiiy
?noi?e/i? eiioeaioe?? I.Iaeneiiae/a, I.Einoiia?iaa, A.Aioiiiae/a,
I.Eoe?oa, I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, I.Eaca?aanueeiai, Ae.Aaaae?y, Ae.Aei?ioaiea,
A.Eeieinueeiai, ?o iaoiaeieia?/i? canaaee oa ?noi??inio?y oai?/ino?.
Ieie aeine?aeaeai? ?noi??y ?noi?e/iiai oiaa?enoaa Ianoi?a-e?oiienoey,
IOO o Eueaia?, OIO a Ee?a?, aoaa?inueeeo a/aieo A?o?aieo Eii?n?e,
a?oaieia?/ieo c’?cae?a, a?oaia?ao?/ia iaoeiai-i?aai?caoe?eia oa
aeaeaaie/a ae?yeuei?noue. Oaeaeeeo oaii?a iaaoaa? ?icaeoie ?noi?e/ieo
e?a?ciaa/eo aeine?aeaeaiue I?eea?iaooy, Caea?iaooy, *a?i?a?aueie,
Iiae?eey, Iieoaaueie, Eaoa?eiineaaueie, E?eio.

9. I?iaeiaaeoth/e e?au? o?aaeeoe?? iiia?aaei?o iieie?iue, no/ani?
aeine?aeieee E.Aeia?, I.Aeiia?ianueeee, I.I??oeae, A.AEoeianueeee,
I.Nioaiue, A.Niie?e, ss.Aeaoeaae/, I.Eiaaeuenueeee, A.Aieaa?oo,
O.Iiiiaa, ?.Eieaniee, A.Oaeaeueei, TH.Ieoeee, ss.Eaeaeo?a, ss.A?eoeae,
E.Caoe?eueiye, A.sseoi?i, A.Oeueyiianueeee, A.Iaoyo, I.AEo?aa, ?.Ae?e/,
?.Aa?aa, A.Eo?an, A.I?ioeee, I.Neoiee, I.Eeyi, I.E?oe, A.Ai?iiia,
E.Aaaeaiia, Ae.Aeaieethe, N.Ieoaeue/aiei, A.I?ieii/oe, A.Aaa?ee?a,
A.O?aiei, A.Iaeeiaanueea, A.Eieanieeia, A.Aiae???a, A.Ia?i?eia,
N.Eaa?ca, A.Aauaiei, E.Eieani?eia oa ?i. aeaiiino?othoue o nai?o i?aoeyo
iineeaiee ?ioa?an aei i?iaeaiaoeee, iia’ycaii? c aianeii ?noi?ee?a
e?ioey O?O – ii/aoeo OO no. o ?icaeoie oe?a?inueei? ?noi??ia?ao?/ii?
oeiee. Iacaai? a/ai? (na?aae ieo aeae?ey?oueny a?oia aeine?aeiee?a
a?i?noi??ia?ao?/ii? niaaeueie oe?a?inueeeo ?noi?ee?a), canoiniaoth/e
iia? i?aeoiaee aei aea/aiiy oa ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? ?noi?e/ii? e?oa?aoo?e o
ia?? c a?aee?eooyi iiaeo, aein? iaaeinooiieo aeaea?ae (iioaioe?eii?
aeaea?aeueii? ?noi??ia?ao?/ii? aace), ia’?eoeaii ?o o?aeooth/e,
a?aeiiaeythoueny a?ae cacaeaeaa?aeue ii?aoeueiaaieo noai, nai?th
iaoeiaith oai?/?noth aeaiiino?othoue ii/aoie i?ioeano ioi?ieaiiy iiaiai
iaoeiaiai ia?aco ?noi??ia?ao?? ?noi??? Oe?a?ie.

10. I?ia?aeieie ?noi?eeaie a?eueo aeeaiei ona?aeiieth?oueny aaaaonoai
oiai/aniiai ?noi??ia?ao?/iiai iaoa??aeo, a ?o iieiaeoeie i?aaenoaaieeaie
aaaeaoueny iaoeiaa ia?iaea a?o?aieo iaoa??ae?a, aeieoiaioaeueieo
aeaea?ae, ii?aoethaaiiy ?noi?e/ii? niaaeueie /eneaiii? aa?noae
aeine?aeiee?a ieioaoeie e?ioey O?O – ii/aoeo OO no. N.A?eieiiue,
ss.Aeaoeaae/, I.Nioaiue, A.Niie?e, ss.Eaeaeo?a, ss.?na?ae/,
A.A?aaiaaoeueeee, ?.Ie??a, I.?iiai?a, E.Caoe?eueiye oa ?i. iinooiiai
oi?iothoue iaaeiei naaa aa?noao a?ooaanueeiciaaoe?a a Oe?a?i?. A ?o
i?aoeyo oa aeine?aeaeaiiyo iieiaeeo iaoeiaoe?a aeiaeueiao?oueny
ia’?eoeaiee ia?ac I. A?ooaanueeiai ye ?noi?eea ? iie?oeea,
aena?oeth?oueny ?noi??inio?y iaoeiai? oai?/ino?.

11. Iaoeiaoeyie oeyoii aeaoaeueiiai aiae?co aecia/aia nenoaia ciaiue
I.A?ooaanueeiai “ye iiiaio oe?eiai”, eiee oi?aa?nae?ci a/aiiai aenooia?
a ?iinoanyo ?noi?eea-aiae?oeea, ?noi?eea-nioe?ieiaa,
aeine?aeieea-iiiia?ao?noa, ?noi?eea eoeueoo?e, e?oa?aoo?e, oea?eae,
ciaaoey aeiiii?aeieo ?noi?e/ieo aeenoeeie?i oa ?ioeo ae?eyiie iaoeiaiai
i?ciaiiy. O nai?e iaoeia?e i?aeoeoe? I.A?ooaanueeee aeei?enoiao? nenoaio
aeine?aeieoeueeeo i?eioeei?a: na?oiaeyaeieo, caaaeueiiiaoeiaeo,
?noi?e/ieo oa niaoeeo?/ii-?noi??ia?ao?/ieo, ae?iaey? iiaeyaee e
a?iioace, eio?? aecia/athoue iai?yiee aeine?aeaeaiiy ?noi?e/iiai
i?ioeano e aeiiae aei eiai aea/aiiy oa e?ioeaaeo ?acoeueoao?a.
Iaeii/anii a/aiee oieea? noaiaoe/iiai aena?oeaiiy ?noi?e/ieo iiae?e,
iaeiinoaeii? oi?aa?nae?caoe?? aaaaoia?aiieo ?noi?e/ieo yaeu.

12. I.A?ooaanueeee, ia ii?eaath/e c iiia?aaeiueith o?aaeeoe??th, ui
neeaeany a oe?a?inuee?e ?noi??ia?ao??, iaea?eueo iine?aeiaii e
a?aoiaioiaaii, noiy/e ia a?oio? iaoe?iiaeueii-aea?aeaaieoeueei?
?aeaieia??, aeei?enoiao? iaioth/? i?ia?aneai? iaoiaee ?noi?e/iiai
i?ciaiiy ? aia?oa o a?o/eciyi?e iaooe? iiaea? ieioea oe?a?inueeiai
ia?iaeo ye caeiiii??iee aaiethoe?eiee i?ioean. O nai?e iaoeia?e
i?aeoeoe?, iinooiiai aaiethoe?ii?coth/e a?ae ia?iaeieoeoaa /a?ac
iaiia?iaeieoeoai aei iaoe?iiaeueii-aea?aeaaiiai na?oiaeyaeo, a/aiee
noai?ea iie?oaeoi?io iiaeaeue ?noi??? iaoe??, i?ae?eoia aei ?icoi?iiy
?noi?e/iiai i?ia?ano ye ai?ioueae ?iaeea?aeoae?noe/ieo oa
eieaeoea?noe/ieo oaiaeaioe?e ?icaeoeo ethaenoaa.

13. ?noi??inio?y I.A?ooaanueeiai ye oai?aoe/ia i?aeaaeeia iaoe?iiaeueii?
?aea? aae?a? a naaa, ii?o/ c ?ioeie, o?e /eiieee: iaoe?th,
?ioae?aaioe?th oa aea?aeaao, ? ? neioacii i?ina?oieoeueei-?iiaioe/ieo,
nioe?ieia?/ii-iiceoea?nonueeeo oa iaiiaoe?iiaeueieo ?aeae. Iaoe?iiaeueia
?aeay o iueiai ? ?acoeueoaoii nioe?aeueii? oai?/ino? aoiino ? a?ae?a?a?
?ieue nioe?aeueiiai oaeoi?o. ?? ?icoi?iiy I.A?ooaanueeee ao?eth? a
i?aai?/i?e eiioeaioe??, i?iaiaey/e nooe?eueio e?i?th a oe?a?inuee?e
?noi??ia?ao??, ne?aeeo? ca ?? aacia?a?aiei ? o?eaaeei ?icaeoeii ye
noa’?eoa a ?noi?e/iiio iaoa??ae?.

14. A iaoiaeieia?? ?noi?e/iiai aeina?aeo I.A?ooaanueeee ? iiceoea?noii,
caniiaieeii iaoe?iiaeueii-aea?aeaaieoeueeiai iai?yieo, ui ae??n ?
caoaa?aeeany i?ioyaii 1894-1904 ??. Aaci?aenoaaieie ? ni?iae ?noi?ee?a
1920 – 30-o ??. ? aeayeeo no/anieo iaoeiaoe?a a?aeeeiooe I.A?ooaanueeiai
iacaae aei ia?iaeieoeueei? aioeaea?aeaaieoeueei? ?noi?e/ii? iaoee.
I?iaieioaiee a 20 – 30-o? ?iee OO no. iai?yi, aeecueeee aei
eiina?aaoecio, ? eeoa iiaei a?aeaaeoaeaiiyi a?ae
iaoe?iiaeueii-aea?aeaaieoeueeiai iai?yio. Oaea ?icoi?iiy
?noi??ia?ao?/iiai i?ioeano ci?ia? iai?oao a eiai ia?ao?aei?e oac? a?ae
iaiia?iaeieoeoaa aei aea?aeaaieoeoaa ? a?aee?eaa? oeyo aei yni?oiai
?icoi?iiy aaiethoe?eiino? oa i?aai?/ii? o?ainoi?iaoe?? iaeiiai iai?yieo
a ?ioee.

15. I?iaaaeaiee aiae?c aeicaiey? noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui i?aaenoaaieee
ae?anii?ii?, a c a?aeiiaeaiiyi ? ?icaoaeiaith aea?aeaaii? iacaeaaeiino?
Oe?a?ie a?o/eciyii? ? ia?aoo? ?aeeii? oe?a?inueei? ?noi??ia?ao?? aei
ae?oai? iieiaeie 1990-o ??. a aaeoc? iaoeiaiai a?ooaanueeiciaanoaa,
aeine?aeaeaii? ?noi??? ?noi?e/ii? iaoee a e?ioe? O?O – ia ii/aoeo OO no.
c?iaeee cia/iee e?ie aia?aae a inyaiaii? e ?ic?iaoe? oe??? i?iaeaiaoeee,
a iiaeieaii? ?aeaieia?/ieo iaiaaeaiue, e?eoe/iiio ia?aaeyae? niaaeueie
iiia?aaeiee?a oa na?oiaeyaeieo noa?aioei?a ieioeiai. Aeieoi?nuee?,
eaiaeeaeaonuee? aeena?oaoe?? O.I?eeiae, ?.Ie?iaa, I.Oa?anaiei,
?.Ae?e/a, A.Iaaee/a, A.Ia?i?eiaa, A.Iaoyo, A.Ai?iiiaa, N.Eaaace,
A.Aiae???aa, N.Iioeei? ca iaoeiaei ??aiai, aeei?enoaiiyi a?o?aieo
iaoa??ae?a noiyoue cia/ii aeua aeine?aeaeaiue iiia?aaeiee?a. ?o
coneeeyie i?aeaaaeaii iaai? i?aenoiee aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeaie oe?e
A.Aioiiiae/a, I.A?ooaanueeiai, Ae.Aaaae?y, A.Eeieinueeiai,
Ae.Aei?ioaiea, aea/aiiy oi?i oa iai?yie?a ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueei?
?iiaioe/ii? ?noi??ia?ao??, /aniieno “Eeaaneay noa?eia”,
a?i?noi??ia?ao?? oai?/ino? I.Eaca?aanueeiai, I.Eoe?oa, Ae.Aei?ioaiea.

16. Aeine?aeaeaiiy a?ia?ao??, aoai?a aeeooy, ia??iae?a oai?/ino?
I.A?ooaanueeiai ia? noaeo e?oa?aoo?o. A/aieie c ae?anii?e ? a Oe?a?i?
i?aeaioiaeai? ci?noiai? iiiia?ao??, ca??ieee noaoae ? iaoa??ae?a,
ai?noiey???, ca??iee “Aaeeeee Oe?a?iaoeue”, ie?ai? ioae?eaoe??, aea
?ice?eo? iaoeiai-i?aai?caoe?eia e aeaeaaie/a ae?yeuei?noue, na?oiaeyaei?
iiceoe??, iaoiaeieia?y, aeaea?aea eiioeaioe?? I.A?ooaanueeiai uiaei
ae?yeueiino? ?noi?e/ieo onoaiia AOAI, ci?no eiai “oe?a?inueei? ?aea?” oa
/eneaii? oaeoe a?ia?ao??. Iii?oii c??n ?ioa?an aei ie?aieo aaeocae
a?ooaanueeiciaanoaa. C?iaeaii ?aaeuei? e?iee o iaoeiaiio aea/aii?
i?iaeai: I.A?ooaanueeee ye a/aiee, i?aai?caoi? iaoee; aea?aeaaiee ae?y/,
iie?oee; no/anieee oa iine?aeiaieee; I.A?ooaanueeee ? no/ania ?noi?e/ia
aeoiea oa ?i.

O aeniiaeao iaaiaeeoueny iecea ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei iai?yie?a
aeine?aeaeaiue i?iaeai a?ooaanueeiciaanoaa ? oe?a?inueei? ?noi??ia?ao??
e?ioey O?O – ii/aoeo OO no. Na?aae ieo aeacaii, ui ?nio? iaiao?aei?noue
a i?aeaioiaoe? e?eueeaoiiii? “A?io?ii?ee aeeooy ? ae?yeueiino?
I.A?ooaanueeiai” oa ia ?? i?aenoaa? ooiaeaiaioaeueii? a?ia?ao??, a
oaeiae iiioey?ieo ia?en?a, iecee ioae?oeenoe/ieo aeaeaiue, aea ciaeoee a
a?aeia?aaeaiiy a?ai? oai?/ino?, a?iiaaenueei? oa iie?oe/ii? ae?yeueiino?
aeaeaoiiai oe?a?inueeiai ?ioaeaeooaea.

Nienie i?aoeue aaoi?a ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??:

Iiiia?ao??

1. Ai?oath/e noi??iee… Aeoiee i?i “?noi??th Oe?a?ie-?one”
I.A?ooaanueeiai ? oe?a?inueeo ?noi??ia?ao?th 80-o ??. O?O – ii/aoeo OO
no. – *a?eane, N?y/, 1996. – 256 n. (16, 5 ae?oe. a?e.).

2. ?noi??ia?ao?/ia aeoiea i?i I.A?ooaanueeiai ? oe?a?inueeo ?noi?e/io
iaoeo eiai aeiae.– *a?eane, N?y/, 1996. – 182 n. (13,4 ae?oe. a?e.).

A?ioo?e

1. “?noi??y Oe?a?ie-?one” I.N.A?ooaanueeiai: ?noi??ia?ao?y. –
Iaa/aeueiee iin?aiee aeey nooaeaio?a. – *a?eane, 1997. – 156 n. (7
ae?oe. a?e.).

2. ?noi??ia?ao?y ?noi??? Oe?a?ie. Iaa/aeueiee iin?aiee. – *a?eane,
1996. – 56 n. (2,3 ae?oe. a?e.).

3. Oe?a?inueeiai aeooo oeoai. Aiaaeai Oiaeueieoeueeee o 1648 – 1657 ??.
(Aei 400-??//y c aeiy ia?iaeaeaiiy ). — *a?eane, 1995. — 52 n. (2,2
ae?oe. a?e.).

Noaoo? o aeo?iaeao oa ca??ieeao iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, iaoeia? aeiiia?ae?.

1. Iaoe?iiaeueia a?ae?iaeaeaiiy: ni?iaa ?noi??ia?ao?/iiai aiae?co //
*a?eaueia a iia?oi?e ?noi??? oe?a?inueei? iaoe?? oa aea?aeaae. Ca??iee
iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. – E.: Noeein, 1999. – N. 4-12. (0,6 ae?oe. a?e.)

2. No/ania oai?aoe/ia iiaeaeue aea/aiiy ieioeiai ?noi?e/ii? iaoee a
Oe?a?i?. // A?niee *a?eanueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo. – *a?eane,
1998. – Aei 6. – N. 13-18. (0,6 ae?oe. a?e.).

3. Iiaeyae I.A?ooaanueeiai ia oe?a?inueeee ?noi??ia?ao?/iee i?ioean
e??cue i?ecio ia?iaeieoeueei? eiioeaioe?? ?noi??? Oe?a?ie // A?niee
*a?eanueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo. – *a?eane, 1997. – Aei 2. – N.
10-16 (0,6 ae?oe. a?e.).

4. Ae?oa? Anaoe?a?inuee? iaoeia? /eoaiiy “Oe?a?inueea eicaoeueea
aea?aeaaa: aeoiee oa oeyoe ?noi?e/iiai ?icaeoeo” // Oe?a?inueeee
?noi?e/iee aeo?iae. – 1992. – ? 9. – N. 156-157 (O ni?aaaoi?noa? c
A.A.Ii?iciaei, 0,1 aaoi?. a?e.).

5. Aei ioe?iee euea?anueeiai ia??iaeo ?noi?e/ii? oeiee I.A?ooaanueeiai
//Oe?a?inueeee ?noi?ee.– 1996. — *. 1-4/128-131. ??e OOO???. THa?eaeia
aeaeaiiy. – Iueth-Ei?e, Oi?iioi, Ee?a, Euea?a, Ithioai. – N. 251-258
(0,7 ae?oe. a?e.).

6. I.A?ooaanueeee – aeine?aeiee aa?a?ii? ?noi???. Ca. iaoe. i?aoeue
//I-ee Anaoe?a?inueeiai neiiic?oio c i?iaeai aa?a?ii? ?noi???. – Ee?a,
1996. – N. 82-86 (0,4 ae?oe. a?e.).

7. Oiaeueie//eia: a?c?y A?ooaanueeiai, ?? ioe?iea a iia?oi?e
?noi??ia?ao??. Ca. iaoe. i?aoeue // I-ee oinoeo Anaoe. ?noi?. /eoaiue: A
2 ei. – Ei.2: Oe?a?inueea eicaoeueea aea?aeaaa: aeoiee oa oeyoe
?noi?e/iiai ?icaeoeo /I?ae ?aae. A.A.Niie?y/.– Ee?a-*a?eane, 1997. – N.
97-103 (0,4 ae?oe. a?e.).

8. Aei ioe?iee Euea?anueeiai ia??iaeo ?noi?e/ii? oeiee I.A?ooaanueeiai
oa ieoaiiy eiai iiaeaeueoiai aea/aiiy oe?a?inueeith ?noi??ia?ao??th //
Ieoaeei A?ooaanueeee ? Euea?anueea ?noi?e/ia oeiea. Ca. iaoe. i?aoeue //
I-ee I?aeia?iaeii? eiioa?aioe??. Euea?a, 24-25 aeiaoiy 1994 ?. –
Iueth-Ei?e-Euea?a, 1995. – N. 153-165 (0,6 ae?oe. a?e.).

9. Eoeueoo?ieia?/i?, aoi?/i? oa aoiiineoieia?/i? aniaeoe
aaeaeaiaoeueeiai ?ooo oa Eie??aueie. “Oe?a?inueea eicaoeueea aea?aeaaa:
aeoiee oa oeyoe ?noi?e/iiai ?icaeoeo.” Ca. iaoe. i?aoeue. //I-ee o?ao?o
Anaoe?a?inueeeo ?noi?e/ieo /eoaiue /I?ae ?aae. A.A.Niie?y/. –
Ee?a-*a?eane, 1993.– N. 55-59 (O ni?aaaoi?noa? c A.A.Ianiaieii, 0,2
aaoi?. a?e.)

10. *e iiinoeany Aiaaeai Oiaeueieoeueeee Ae.*aieeinueeiio? “Oe?a?inueea
eicaoeueea aea?aeaaa: aeoiee oa oeyoe ?noi?e/iiai ?icaeoeo.” Ca. iaoe.
i?aoeue // I-ee i’yoeo Anaoe?a?inueeeo ?noi?e/ieo /eoaiue /I?ae ?aae.
A.A.Niie?y/. — Ee?a–*a?eane, 1995. – N. 25-26 (0,2 ae?oe. a?e.).

11. Aeei?enoaiiy nooaeaioaie *a?eanueeiai iaae?inoeoooo i?noeaaiai
iaoa??aeo i?e aea/aii? ?noi??? Oe?a?inueei? eicaoeueei? aea?aeaae.
“Oe?a?inueea eicaoeueea aea?aeaaa: aeoiee oa oeyoe ?noi?e/iiai ?icaeoeo”
// Ca. iaoe. i?aoeue, iaoa??ae?a ??-eo Anaoe?a?inueeeo iaoeiaeo /eoaiue
/I?ae ?aae. A.A.Niie?y/. – Ee?a-*a?eane, 1992.– N. 121-122 (0,2 ae?oe.
a?e).

12. Ethaeeia eicaoeueei? aeiae. “Oe?a?inueea eicaoeueea aea?aeaaa:
aeoiee oa oeyoe ?noi?e/iiai ?icaeoeo” Ca. iaoe. i?aoeue //I-ee *aoaa?oeo
Anaoe. ?noi?. /eoaiue: /I?ae ?aae. A.A.Niie?y/. – Ee?a – *a?eane, 1995.
– N. 114-117 (0,3 ae?oe. a?e.).

13. Ioe?iea I.N.A?ooaanueeei iaoeiai? niaaeueie I.I.Iioaai? “ Ianeaaeea
A.A.Iioaaie e ?acaeoea nia?aiaiiie oeeieiae/aneie e enoi?e/aneie
iaoee.”// I-eu iao/iie eiioa?aioeee, iinayuaiiie 70-eaoeth ni aeiy
?iaeaeaiey i?ioanni?a I.I.I?aniyeiaa. –*a?eannu, 1996. – N. 19-20 (0,3
ae?oe. a?e.).

14. Oe?a?inoai A.Aioiiiae/a ? A.Eeieinueeiai. “Oi?ioaaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii?
naiina?aeiiino? iieiae?” // Ca. iaoe. i?aoeue, i-e?a iaoeiai-i?aeoe/.
eiioa?. –Ee?a, 1997.–*.?. – N. 18-21 (0,2 ae?oe. a?e.).

15. A.Aioiiiae/ i?i Eie??aueio // E?a?ciaanoai *a?eaueie. – *a?eane:
N?y/, 1996. – N. 53-54. (0,2 ae?oe. a?e.).

16. Iaoe?iiaeueia ?aeay ?noi??inio?? Oa?ana Oaa/aea //I-ee aeii. oa
iia?ae. ia iaeani?e iaoeia?e i?aeo. eiioa?., i?enay/ai?e 179-e ??/ieoe?
c aeiy ia?iaeaeaiiy O.A.Oaa/aiea, 20 o?aaiy 1993 ?ieo. – *a?eane, 1993.
– N. 1- 4 (0,35 ae?oe. a?e.).

17. Niaaeueia N.A.Iiaeieeinueeiai ye aeaea?aei ?noi?eei-e?a?ciaa/iai
aeine?aeaeaiiy *a?eaueie. “Oo?eci ? caaaeaiiy
iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?iiai a?ae?iaeaeaiiy Oe?a?ie” 12-14 o?aaiy 1992 ?.
// I-ee Anaoe?a?inueei? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe??. – Ee?a –
*a?eane, 1992. – N. 241-242. (0,2 ae?oe. a?e.).

18. Iaeia?aeiiee iaeyae oe?a?inueei? ?noi??ia?ao?? Ae.Aei?ioaiea.
“Oe?a?inueea iaoe?iiaeueia a?ae?iaeaeaiiy 20-o ?ie?a” // I-ee iae.
iaoe.-i?aeo. eiioa?. – *a?eane, 1993. – N. 65-68 (0,2 ae?oe. a?e. ).

19. Ni?ai?aoey I.A?ooaanueeiai oa I.Eiienueeiai iaae o?ii?eith aeeooy
Oa?ana Oaa/aiea “Oe?a?inueea e?oa?aoo?a ? oeaico?a” // I-ee
Anaoe?a?inueei? iaoeiai? eiioa?a?aioe?? 14-16 o?aaiy 1996 ?ieo. –
*a?eane, 1995. – N. 117-120 (0,3 ae?oe. a?e.).

20. Oaeineiiaeaiiy no?oeoo?e oe?a?i?noeee ye can?a i?aeaeuaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? i?aeaioiaee iaeaooi?o a/eoae?a. “?ioaa?aoe?y iaoee o
nenoaio i?aeaioiaee a/eoae?a” // I-ee i?aeaoc. iaoe. – i?aeo. eiioa?.
18-19 ea?oiy 1995 ?ieo. – *a?eane, 1995. – N. 154-156 (O ni?aaaoi?noa? c
A.A.Ianiaieii, aaoi?. 1,5 noi?.).

21. Oi?aa?neoaonueea ieoaiiy a eiioaeno? ao?aeoacieo ?aoi?i 60-o ?ie?a
O?O no. – Aeac. i?aoey.– N. 117-129 (O ni?aaaoi?noa? c A.I.Iien??ieii,
aaoi?. 2 noi?.).

22. “Iaa?aeiiee” aieiae 1833 ?ieo ? caoiaee ai?ioueae c ieie a
Iieoaanuee?e aoaa?i? “?noi?e/ia e?a?ciaanoai a Oe?a?i?: o?aaeeoe?? ?
no/ani?noue” // I-ee ieaia?iiai oa naeoe?eieo can?aeaiue Anaoe?a?inueei?
iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe??.– Ee?a: ??aeiee e?ae, 1995.– N. 178-180.

Oace eiioa?aioe?e

1. Aei ieoaiiy aeeeaaeaiiy ?noi??? Oe?a?ie “I?noea oa ?ieue *a?eanueeiai
iaaeaaia?/iiai ?inoeoooo o ?icaeoeo a?o/eciyii? iaoee, ina?oe ?
eoeueoo?e” // Oace aeiiia. tha?eaeii? iaoe.-i?aeo. eiioa?., i?enay/aii?
70-??//th ?inoeoooo (a?oaeaiue 1991 ?ieo).– *a?eane, 1991.– N. 19-20
(0,2 ae?oe. a?e.).

2. Ii?aeueii-aeoiaiee aniaeo i?iaeaie aea/aiiy nooaeaioaie ?noi???
Oe?a?ie “Aea/aiiy ??aeii? iiae ? aeooiaiee ?icaeoie iniaenoino?
iieiaeoiai oeiey?a a iiiaeai?e iaoe?iiaeuei?e oeie?” // Oace aeiiia.
i?aeaoc. iaoe.-i?aeo. eiioa?. 26-27 aa?aciy 1992 ?ieo. – Oiaiue, 1992. –
N. 160-162 (0,2 ae?oe. a?e.)

3. Ci?ieoe i?aeoiaee aei aeeeaaeaiiy ?noi??? Oe?a?ie “Oe?a?iiciaanoai ?
aoiai?caoe?y ina?oe”// Oace aeiiia?aeae Anaoe?a?inueei? iaoe.-i?aeo.
eiioa?., i?enay/aii? 75-??//th Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo. 19-21 o?aaiy 1993 ?.: O 4 /. – Aei?i?iiao?ianuee: Aeae-ai
AeAeO, 1993. – *. 2. – N. 13-14 (O ni?aaaoi?noa? c A.A.Ianiaieii, aaoi?.
1 noi?.)

4. ?aaiethoe?eii-aeaiie?aoe/i? oa caaaeueiiethaenuee? oe?iiino? o
oai?/ino? O.A.Oaa/aiea ye ia’?eo aea/aiiy a?o/eciyii? ?noi???
“O.A.Oaa/aiei ? caaaeueiiethaenuee? ?aeaaee” // Oace aeii. oa iia?ae.
ia iaeani?e iaoe. – i?aeo. eiioa?. – *a?eane, 1991. – N. 25-27. (0,3
ae?oe. noi?.).

5. Aoiai?noe/ia nooi?noue ia’?aeioth/i? oaiaeaioe?? oe?a?inueei?
iaoe?iiaeueii? eoeueoo?e “Oai?/?noue. Eoeueoo?a. Aoiai?ci” // Oace
aeii. I?aeia?iaeii? iaoe. eiioa?. 21-22 aeiaoiy 1995 ?.– Ee?a:
EI?,1995.– *. ??. (naeoe?? III-V). – N. 118-120 (O ni?a?ia?oieoeoa? c
A.A?aooeaaei, aaoi?. 1. noi?.).

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