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IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE ?AAeA II

AEA*AIITH I?IAeOEOEAIEO NEE OE?A?IE

ION?IIA AIEIAeEIE? ssEIAE*

OAeE 338.45

IAOIAeIEIA?*I? INIIAE IOe?IEE AEIIII?*IEO

?ACOEUeOAO?A I?IIENEIAIAI AE?IAIEOeOAA

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 08.07.01 — Aeiiii?ea i?iieneiaino?

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

aeieoi?a aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a –1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?aae? ii aea/aiith i?iaeoeoeaieo nee Oe?a?ie IAI
Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee eiinoeueoaio — aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Eica/aiei
Na?a?e A?eoi?iae/ I?aeia?iaeiee iaoeiai-oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao, aee?aeoi?
aeiiii?/iiai aeaia?oaiaioo

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Oaaei?euaaa Ae?ia Ieeeo?aia — ?aaea
ii aea/aiith i?iaeoeoeaieo nee Oe?a?ie IA-I Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoaa/
a?aeae?eii i?iaeai ?icaeoeo ? ?ici?uaiiy ae?iaie/iai iioaioe?aeo

aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aioaea? Naaae?e Naiaiiae/
-aeoe?iia?ia oiaa?enoai “Aeaiei”, a?oea-i?aceaeaio c aeiiii?ee

aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Ee?e/aiei Ieaenaiae? Aiaoie?eiae/ —
aeoe?iia?iee eiia?oe?eiee aaie “Iaae?a”, a?oea-i?aceaeaio

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:

?inoeooo aeiiii?ee IAI Oe?a?ie, a?aeae?e i?iieneiaiai iioaioe?aeo,
I.Ee?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “24” a?oaeiy 1998?. i 14 aiae. 30oa. ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae26.160.01. ?aaee ii aea/aiith
i?iaeoeoeaieo nee Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 252032, i.Ee?a-32,
aoeueaa? O.Oaa/aiea, 60.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? ?aaee ii aea/aiith
i?iaeoeoeaieo nee Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 252032, i.Ee?a-32,
aoeueaa? O.Oaa/aiea, 60-

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “24 ” eenoiiaaea 1998?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? A/aii? ?aaee,

aeieoi? aaia?ao?/ieo iaoe I.N. Eiaaeaiei

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. No/aniee e?eoe/iee noai. a yeiio ia?aaoaathoue
i?iieneia? i?aei?e?inoaa Oe?a?ie, aeiaaa? i?eeiyooy aeiiii?/ieo caoiae?a
aeey i?aeo?eiaiiy i?iieneiaiai iioaioe?aeo aea?aeaae ye ia iae?i-, oae ?
ia i?e?iaeiii.i?/iiio ??aiyo. Ia iae?iaeiiii?/iiio ??ai? ?ic?iaeythoueny
niaoe?aeuei? i?ia?aie ii noaa?e?caoe?? aeiiii?ee, ui ii?ooothoue oae?
aaaeeea? ieoaiiy, ye oaeineiiaeaiiy iaoai?cio iiiaeaoeoaaiiy, iie?ioaiiy
i?eaaaeeaino? ?iaanoeoe?e a Oe?a?io, noai?aiiy oiia aeey ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
iiaeo oaoiieia?e ? i?enei?aiiy iaoeiai-oaoi?/iith i?ia?ano, ?icaeoeo
a?o/eciyiiai ae?iaieea oa ?io?. Iaeiae, ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a?eueoino?
i?ia?ai ia caaacia/eei aaaeaiiai ?acoeueoaoo, aiane?aeie /iai noai
onueiai ainiiaea?noaa e?a?ie, ? ?? i?iieneiaino? cie?aia, i?iaeiaaeo?
caeeoaoeny e?eciaei. Ia?aaaaeia a?eueo?noue i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa
Oe?a?ie ciaoiaeeoueny ia a?ai? aaie?oonoaa, a ?o o?iainiaee noai iiaea
aooe ioa?aeoa?eciaaiee ye e?eciaee. *a?ac aeao?oeeo eioo?a i?aei?e?inoaa
ia iiaeooue ii?iaeueii ooieoe?iioaaoe, ?ieaie ia niea/othoue iaeia
iaeiiio ai?ae. Caaaeueia noia aca?iii? caai?aiaaiino? ia ii/aoie 1997
?ieo neeaea 20051 iei. a?eaaiue. E?eoa???i aeeoo?caeaoiino? i?aei?e?inoa
? aeieaoe aei athaeaeaoo ? ii ca?ia?oi?e ieao?. A?aenoaaaiiy c aeieaoith
inoaiiuei?, iai?eeeaae ii ?aa?iio E?eaaano, eieeaa?oueny a?ae oanoe
i?nyoe?a aei ?ieo. Aiane?aeie oeueiai o ?yae? i?iieneiaeo ?aa?ii?a
Oe?a?ie ??cei caaino?eeanue ia o?eueee o?iainiaa, aea e
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ia neooaoe?y. Aeey oiai uia aeaeeoe, iaiao?aeii
i?eeiaoe noaa?e?caoe?ei? oi?aae?inuee? ??oaiiy, a oiio /ene? iia?aoeai?
— aeey onoiaiiy iioi/ii? iaieaoini?iiiaeiino?, ? no?aoaa?/i? — aeey
aeaaaeaiiy i?aei?e?inoaa c e?ece. ?C caeaaeiino? a?ae aeioe?eueiino? oa
aoaeoeaiino? i?eeiyoeo noaa?e?caoe?eieo ??oaiue i?aei?e?inoai iiaea
aeeoe c e?eciaiai noaio aai, iaaiaee, iineeeoe eiai. O ca’yceo c oeei a
aeiiii?/i?e neooaoe??, ui neeaeany, ae?ae aaaeeeai ai?oe i?iaiicoaaoe
ci?ie ?acoeueoao?a ae?iaieoeoaa aiane?aeie i?eeiyooy noaa?e?caoe?eieo
oi?aae?inueeeo ??oaiue, a oaeiae aeae?aoe c ieo iaee?au?.

sse na?ae/eoue i?aeoeea, a oaia??oi?e /an iaia? aeinoaoiuei aeiiii?/ii
iaa?oioiaaieo iaoiaeee, ui aeaee a iiaeeea?noue ioe?ithaaoe aeiiii?/i?
?acoeueoaoe ae?yeueiino? i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa a oiiaao caaaeueiiai
aeao?oeeoo o ieo ia?aiaeo eioo?a. Iayai? ?iaioe aeicaieythoue aeeiiaoe
ia’?eoeaio aeiiii?/io ioe?ieo ae?yeueiino? i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa oa
?o ia’?aeiaiue, ui ooieoe?iioaaee a oiiaao noaa?eueii? aeiiii?ee, ?
cae?enithaaoe aea?? noaa?e?caoe?eieo caoiae?a eeoa aeey ie?aieo
i?aei?e?inoa, ye? ciaoiaeyoueny o e?ecia?e neooaoe??, ca oiiae, ui ?io?
ooieoe?iiothoue ii?iaeueii. Iaiao?aeiee aoaeoeaiee iaoai?ci ioe?iee
aeiiii?/ieo ?acoeueoao?a ae?yeueiino? i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa c
o?aooaaiiyi iniaeeainoae no/aniiai aoaio ?icaeoeo ae?iaieoeoaa ?, a
ia?oo /a?ao, caaaeueii? iaieaoini?iiiaeiino? i?aei?e?inoa, c iaae?eiith
nenoaiith eiai iaoiaeieia?/iiai ? iaoiaee/iiai caaacia/aiiy.

Aeeeaaeaia aei?n coiiaeei ni?yiiaai?noue aeaiiai iaoeiaiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy c i?iaeaie ioe?iee aeiiii?/ieo ?acoeueoao?a i?iieneiaiai
ae?iaieoeoaa.

Iaoiaeieia?/i?, iaoiaee/i? oa i?eeeaaei? i?iaeaie ioe?iee aeiiii?/ieo
?acoeueoao?a ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa ? iia’ycai? ? oeei ieoaiiy
caaaeaee aoee i?aaeiaoii iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue. A ?o ?ic?iaeo cia/iee
aianie c?iaeee a?o/eciyi? oa caei?aeiii? a/ai?-aeiiii?noe: A.I.
Aeaenaiae?iaa, I.I. Aeeiia, N.N. Aioaea?, A.I. Aaae/, TH.I. Aaaeae, 1.0.
Aeaie, I.I. Ai?uaanueeee, ?.O. A??aoai, Aeae.E. Aai Oi?i, N.A. Aaeoca,
A.I. Aa?oeue, I.N. Aa?anei/oe, Aeae. ?’?oiai Ei?ain, I.A?. 1 ii/a?iaa,
E.I. Aaoianueeee, N.1. Aei?iaoioeia, I.A. Ee?e/aiei, A.I. Eiaaeueia,
N.A. Eica/aiei, TH.I. Eaaaaeeinueeee, 1.1. Eoe?iia, ?. I?eaaoo, N.O.
Iie?iieaiee, I.A. Onoaiei. A.I. Oaaei?euaaa, Ae.I. *a?aaiueia oa ?io?.

Aiaeii/an, o ia??iae o?ainoi?iaoe?? aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei, yea
a?aeaoaa?oueny nueiaiaei? a Oe?a?i?, aeieeee iia?, ?ai?oa ia
aeine?aeaeoaai? i?iaeaie, iia’ycai? c? cia/iei c?inoaiiyi ?ie?
o?iainiaeo ?acoeueoao?a ae?iaieoeoaa, ye? aecia/athoue nueiaiaei? eiai
aoaeoeai?noue. I?aeoe/ii an? aeiiii?/i? ?acoeueoaoe i?iieneiaiai
ae?iaieoeoaa ioe?iththoueny o?iainiaeie iieacieeaie. Oae, a ianya
?aae?ciaaii? i?iaeoeoe?? aoiaeeoue aaeeea /anoea aeaa?oi?nueei?
caai?aiaaiino?. Oiio aeieeea iaiao?aei?noue ?icaeyiooe aieea inoaiiuei?
ia ae?o/eo ca ?aae?ciaaio i?iaeoeoe?th. Nooi?iue oeueiai aieeao
aecia/a?oueny noiith e?aaeeoi?nueei? caai?aiaaiino?, yea iiaea aooe
iiaaoaia ca ?aooiie aeaa?oi?nueei?. Cacia/aia coiiaeei aeioe?euei?noue
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeaio aeiiii?/ieo iieaciee?a: ?aaeueii io?eiaiiai
i?aei?e?inoaii i?eaooeo e aaee/eie ci?ie ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeaa?oi?nueei?
? e?aaeeoi?nueei? caai?aiaaiinoae ca ia??iae, ui aiae?co?oueny, ye? a
noi? aecia/athoue eiiieaeniee aini?ic?aooieiaee aeiiii?/iee ?acoeueoao
i?iieneiaiai ainiiaea?thaaiiy i?aei?e?inoaa.

Oaeineiiaeaiiy ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei i?iieneiaiai i?aei?e?inoaa c
aea?aeaaith oa i?aei?e?inoaaie-ia?oia?aie iio?aao? ye aecia/aiiy
?aaeueii io?eiaieo i?aei?e?inoaii aeioiae?a, oae ? ioe?iee
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeaa?oi?nueei? ? e?aaeeoi?nueei? caai?aiaaiinoae. I?e
?ic?aooieo ia?oi? i iieacieea iaeaaeeoue aecia/eoeny c aeo?aoaie, ia
noio yeeo iaiao?aeii ciaiooaaoe ae?o/eo a?ae ?aae?caoe?? i?iaeoeoe??,
oiaoi ciaeoe nai???aeiee aiaeia iieacieea nia?aa?oino? i?iaeoeoe??. Ui
noino?oueny ae?oaiai iieacieea, oi aeey eiai ioe?iee o?aaa ?ic?iaeoe
iaoiaeeeo aecia/aiiy noie e?aaeeoi?nueei? caai?aiaaiino?, yea
iiaaoa?oueny ca ?aooiie aeaa?oi?nueeiai ai?ao, iayaiiai o i?aei?e?inoaa.
Aeiiii?/ia i?aeoeea ainiiaea?thaaiiy aein? ua ia ia? aeinoaoiuei iaoeiai
iaa?oioiaaii? iaoiaeeee ?ic?aooieo cacia/aieo iieaciee?a. I?ae oei, naia
iie?ioaiiy aeiiii?/ieo ?acoeueoao?a, ? a ia?oo /a?ao ciaioaiiy
ciaia’ycaiue, ? e?ioeaaith iaoith aioee?eciaeo caoiae?a, ui
aaeeaathoueny.

A?aenooi?noue eiioeaiooaeueii oe?e?nii? ? iaa?oioiaaii? aeiiii?/ii?
iie?oeee i?aei?e?inoa, ni?yiiaaii? ia aeaaaeaiiy ?o c e?ece, aeeeeea?
iaiao?aei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy oa coiiaeth? aeooaeuei?noue iaoeiaeo
?ic?iaie, iia’ycaieo c iaoiaeieia?/iei ?

iaoiaee/iei -caaacia/aiiyi ioe?iee aeiiii?/ieo ?acoeueoao?a ae?yeueiino?
i?iieneiaith i?aei?e?inoaa oa i?eeiyooyi ia ?o iniia? aioee?eciaeo
oi?aae?inueeeo ??oaiue.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, oaiaie. Aeine?aeaeaiiy,
i?iaaaeai? aeena?oaioii, iathoue aaciina?aaei?e ca’ycie c i?ia?aiith
iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o ?aaee ii aea/aiith i?iaeoeoeaieo nee Oe?a?ie
IAI Oe?a?ie. Oae, aeine?aeaeoaai? aeena?oaioii ieoaiiy aecia/athoueny
oaiith ?ia?o ?aaee ii aea/aiith i?iaeoeoeaieo nee Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie
“I?iaiic ?icaeoeo ?ici?uaiiy i?iaeoeoeaieo nee Oe?a?ie aei 2010 ?ieo”.
?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee aeei?enoai? a ?icae?e? “Aiae?c ? ioe?iea
no/aniiai noaio ?icaeoeo i?iieneiaino?”.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeena?oaoe?? ? eiiieania
aeine?aeaeaiiy oiia ? caeiiii??iinoae aeiiii?/iiai c?inoaiiy
i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa, iiooe ia’?eoeaieo iiaeeeainoae i?aeaeuaiiy
?aoe?iiaeueiino? aeei?enoaiiy o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a, iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie
iaoiae?a i?iaiicoaaiiy oa aiae?co aeiiii?/ieo ?acoeueoao?a ae?iaieoeoaa.
A?aeiia?aeii aei iinoaaeaii? iaoe, eiiieaen i?iaeai, ui
aeine?aeaeothoueny, iaiaaeaii ae??oaiiyi ianooiieo caaea/:

• ?ice?eoe aeiiii?/iee ci?no iieaciee?a aoaeoeaiino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy
i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa, iieacaoe iiaeeea?noue ?o i?aeaeuaiiy ia
no/aniiio aoai? o?ainoi?iaoe?? aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie;

• aeine?aeeoe oaiaeaioe?? oi?ioaaiiy ??aiy aoaeoeaiino? a i?iieneiaiio
ae?iaieoeoa?, aca?iica’ycie c aeiiii?/ieie iieacieeaie, ui
oa?aeoa?ecothoue ae?yeuei?noue i?aei?e?inoa;

• ?icaeyiooe iieacieee aeiiii?/ieo ?acoeueoao?a ooieoe?iioaaiiy
i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa, anoaiiaeoe e?euee?nio oa ye?nio ioe?iee aieeao
ia ieo oiia ainii-aea?thaaiiy, aecia/eoe aieiai? iai?yiee aeiiii??
niiaeeaaiiy ae?iaie/i-o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a;

• ?ic?iaeoe iaoeiai-iaoiaee/i? i?eioeeie oa eiioeaioe?th
aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiiai aecia/aiiy o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a a oiiaao ia?ao?aeiiai
ia??iaeo ainiiaea?thaaiiy;

• ?icaeyiooe oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy i?i aeiiii?/iee ci?no ? cia/aiiy
ie?aieo iieaciee?a, ui aeathoue iiaeeea?noue ioe?ithaaoe: aoaeoeai?noue
cae?eniaiiy ?iaanoeoe?e oa aeei?enoaiiy iice/eiaeo eioo?a;
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeaa?oi?nueei? caai?aiaaiino? ? ciaia’ycaiue
i?aei?e?inoa; aeiiii?/io aeioe?euei?noue i?iaeiaaeaiiy ?, a?aeiia?aeii,
i?eieiaiiy ae?iaieoeoaa i?iaeoeoe??;

• neiino?othaaoe iieacieee aoaeoeaiino? i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa a
oiiaao ia?aoiaeo aei iiaeo oi?i aeaniino?;

• ?ic?iaeoe iaoiaeeee:

— aecia/aiiy aeiiii?/ii iaa?oioiaaieo aeeoa?aioe?eiaaieo ii?iaoea?a
ciaia’ycaiue aeey ie?aieo i?aei?e?inoa c o?aooaaiiyi ?nioth/iai
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeaa?oi?nueei? ? e?aaeeoi?nueei? caai?aiaaiinoae.
ae?aaiinoeee iayaiino? o ieo e?eciaiai noaio;

-ioe?iee aeiiii?/ieo ?acoeueoao?a ? aoaeoeaiino? ae?yeueiino?
i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa;

— oaeineiiaeaiiy i?iaiicoaaiiy oa aiae?co uiaei ?aae?caoe?? i?iaeoeoe??,
i?eaooeo, o?iainiaeo aeaea?ae, oi?ioaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?e o ae?iaieoeoai,
yea aeicaiey?

ioe?ithaaoe aeiiii?/io aoaeoeai?noue aeeaaeaiue;

• ocaaaeueieoe ?acoeueoaoe canoinoaaiiy ?ic?iaeaieo iaoiaeee i?ae /an
aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee ooieoe?iioaaiiy i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa, aecia/eoe
?aca?ae i?aeaeuaiiy ?o aoaeoeaiino?,

I?e aena?oeaii? ie?aieo ieoaiue ? aeey ae??oaiiy ie?aneaieo caaea/ a
aeena?oaoe?? aeei?enoaii a?o/eciyio oa ca?oa?aeio aeiiii?/io e?oa?aoo?o
c i?iaeai, ui ?icaeyaeathoueny, oai?/i canoiniaaii ieceo niaoe?aeueieo
iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy -oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/iee aiae?c,
?ic?aooieiai-aiae?oe/iee, i?yia ?aooaaiiy, aei-iii?ei-iaoaiaoe/ia
iiaeaethaaiiy.

Aeey i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy caeiiii??iinoae oa oaiaeaioe?e, ui noi?ioaaeeny a
i?iieneiaino?, inoaiiy ?icaeyaea?oueny ye /anoeia iaoe?iiaeueii?
aeiiii?ee.

Aeena?oaoe?y ? caaa?oaeueiei aoaiii aeine?aeieoeueei? ?iaioe,
i?iaaaeaii? aeena?oaioii i?ioyaii 1 1 ?ie?a, ?acoeueoaoe yei? aeeeaaeaii
a 37 iaoeiaeo ?iaioao. ?acoeueoaoe ie?aieo aeine?aeaeaiue iioae?eiaaii o
aeaeyae? iiiia?ao?e, iaoiaeee, a?ioo?e. noaoae.

I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy n iaoiaeieia?/i? oa i?eeeaaei? i?iaeaie
aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee ?acoeueoao?a ooieoe?iioaaiiy i?iieneiaeo
i?aei?e?inoa oa aeai?o ia ?o iniia? noaa?e?caoe?eieo aioee?eciaeo
oi?aae?inueeeo ??oaiue o aca?iica’yceo c oai???th oa i?aeoeeith ?eieiai?
o?ainoi?iaoe?? nenoaie ainiiaea?thaaiiy a Oe?a?i?.

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy o ?iaio? aenooia? eiiieaen a??ie/i?oaeii?
i?iieneiaino? oa i?aei?e?inoa, ui ?? ianeoaiaothoue, aei neeaaeo yeiai
aoiaeyoue a??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeuei? eiia?iaoe, i?aei?e?inoaa c i?aecaiiei
niiniaii aeaeiaooeo ?oaee oa ?oaei-?aiiioi? caaiaee.

Oai?aoe/iith ? iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ?
ooiaeaiaioaeuei? iieiaeaiiy no/anieo aeiiii?/ieo oai??e c ieoaiue
ioe?iee aeiiii?/ieo ?acoeueoao?a ae?iaieoeoaa, aeai?o ia ?o iniia?
noaa?e?caoe?eieo oi?aae?inueeeo ??oaiue, aiae?co oa ioe?iee ?iaanoeoe?e
? o?iainiaiai noaio, aecia/aiith aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? ae?yeueiino?
i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa.

Iniiaieie iaoiaeaie aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee iaoiaee: nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo,
aei-iii?ei-iaoaiaoe/iee, ?iia??iinii-noaoenoe/iee, aenia?oieo ioe?iie,
?i?oaoe?eiiai iiaeaethaaiiy.

Ca?aeii c iaoiaeieia??th oa iaoiaeeeith aeine?aeaeaiue, ye? aeiiii?/ii
iaa?oioiaai?, a aeena?oaoe?? cai?iiiiiaaii nenoaiio ioe?ieo aeiiii?/ieo
?acoeueoao?a i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa oa i?eeiyooy a ??cieo eaieao
i?iieneiaino? noaa?e?caoe?eieo oi?aae?inueeeo ??oaiue, aecia/aiiy
iaaaoeaieo ? iiceoeaieo iane?aee?a ?o ?aae?caoe?? ye o ia??iae, ui
aiae?co?oueny, oae ? ia ia?niaeoeao.

?ioi?iaoe?eio iniiao aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe neeaee caeiiiaeaa/? oa
ii?iaoeai? aeieoiaioe, i?aaeea, ye? ?aaeaiaioothoue ii?yaeie
ooieoe?iioaaiiy aea?aeaaieo i?aei?e?inoa oa ainiiaea?nueeeo oiaa?enoa,
?oi? aca?iia?aeiineie c ?ioeie i?aei?e?inoaaie a Oe?a?i? ? ca
ei?aeiiii, i?aaa aeaniino? oa iiiaeaoeoaaiiy, a oaeiae aeai?
aea?aeaaii? noaoenoeee ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue ??aaiue o?iainiaiai noaio
e aoaeoeaiino? a??ie/iaeiaoaiiai ae?iaieoeoaa, aaeaine ? ca?oe,
ye? ioae?eoaaeeny o a?aee?eo?e i?an?.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? o
oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/iiioo iaa?oiooaaii? iniiaieo iai?yie?a ? oeyo?a
ae??oaiiy i?iaeai aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee ?acoeueoao?a i?iieneiaiai
ae?iaieoeoaa a oiiaao o?ainoi?iaoe?? iaoe?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee.

Aeyaeaii iniaeeaino? aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa oa ?o
ia”?aeiaiue. Aenoiooi eiioeaioe?th i?i a?aooaaiiy i?e aecia/aii?
aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa

Iane?aee?a, aeeeeeaieo iayai?noth aeao?oeeoo ia?aiaeo eioo?a. Aiie
iiaeii? a?aoiaoaaoeny i?e i?eeiyoo? ea??aieoeoaii i?aei?e?inoaa
oi?aae?inueeeo ??oaiue ? i?iaaaeaii? ?ic?aooie?a, iia”ycaieo c
ioe?ieith aeiiii?/iiai ?acoeueoaoo oa aoaeoeaiino? ae?iaieoeoaa.

Iaa?oioiaaii iaiao?aei?noue canoinoaaiiy ii?iaoea?a noie ciaia’ycaiue
? e?aaeeoi?nueei? caai?aiaaiino? i?aei?e?inoa i?e aiae?c? o?iainiaiai
noaio oa i?iaaaeaii? ioe?iee aeiiii?/ieo ?acoeueoao?a ?o
ainiiaea?thaaiiy, ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeieia?/ia ? iaoiaee/ia caaacia/aiiy
aecia/aiiy ie?aieo iieaciee?a.

Oai?aoe/ia iaa?oioiaaii iaoiaee ioe?iee aeiiii?/ieo ?acoeueoao?a
ae?yeueiino? i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa a oiiaao e?ece iaieaoaae?a.

Cai?iiiiiaaii aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue, yea aeicaiey?
cae?enithaaoe ioe?ieo aeiiii?/ieo ?acoeueoao?a ae?yeueiino? i?iieneiaeo
i?aei?e?inoa o caeaaeiino? a?ae ci?ie ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ?o aeaa?oi?nueei?
? e?aaeeoi?nueei? caai?aiaaiinoae.

Cai?iiiiiaaii e aeiiii?/ii iaa?oioiaaii i?eioeeiiai iia? iieacieee:
caian aeaa?oi?nueei? caai?aiaaiino? oa iaaeeeoie e?aaeeoi?nueei?
caai?aiaaiino?, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue a?aeoeeaiiy oaeoe/ieo cia/aiue
aeaa?oi?nueeiai ai?ao ? ciaia’ycaiue a?ae ?o ii?iaoea?a, ia ?o iniia?
?ic?iaeaii oe?e?nio nenoaio iieaciee?a, ui aeathoue ciiao cae?enithaaoe
ioe?ieo aeiiii?/ieo ?acoeueoao?a ae?yeueiino?? i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa
c o?aooaaiiyi oaeoi?o ?o iaieaoini?iiiaeiino?.

Noi?ioeueiaaii oa iaa?oioiaaii iieaciee aeiiii?/ii? aeioe?eueiino?
i?eieiaiiy ae?iaieoeoaa. Cai?iiiiiaaii a?aeiia?aeiee aeai?eoi,
caniiaaiee ia ii??aiyii? aeiiii?/ieo ?acoeueoao?a aae?iaieoeoaa ca
oiiae eiai i?iaeiaaeaiiy ?, a?aeiia?aeii, i?eieiaiiy. ?ic?iaeaii
iaoiaeeeo ae?aaiinoeeo iayaiino? e?eciaiai noaio i?iieneiaeo
i?aei?e?inoa

A oiiaao iaieaoini?iiiaeiino?, yea, ui ? i?eioeeiiai iiaei,
aeeth/a? a naaa aecia/aiiy ii?iaoeao ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeaa?oi?nueei?
? e?aaeeoi?nueei? caai?aiaaiinoae.

Aia?oa iaa?oioiaaii iieiaeaiiy i?i aeeoa?aioe?aoe?th ??oaiue uiaei
cae?eniaiiy ?iaanoeoe?e o ae?iaieoeoai, a caeaaeiino? a?ae oiai,
aaoiiiii? /e iaaaoiiiii? oe? ?iaanoeoe??. Noi?ioeueiaaii aeiiao uiaei
aaoiiiii? ?iaanoeoe?e, yea aaaaeaa?oueny oaeith o aeiaaeeo
aeeiiaiith aeaio oiia. Ia?oa c ieo iieyaa? a oiio, ui aeeaaeaiiy
ia aeeeeea? aeiaeaoeiaeo aeaeaoe?a, iia’yycaieo c ooai?aiiyi
aiane?aeie oeueiai aeao?oeeoo eioo?a. A?aeiia?aeii o i?aei?e?inoaa ia
ca?eueoo?oueny ? iayaia caai?aiaai?noue. Ca?aeii c ae?oaith oiiaith,
iaea?aeaiee ?iaanoi?ii a ?acoeueoao? aeeaaeaiue a?ioiaee iio?e
aaoiiaoe/ii ia caaacia/o? aeiaeaoeiaiai aeioiaeo, iia’ycaiiai c
a?aeaa?oaiiyi iicee, e?aaeeoi?nueei? caai?aiaaiino? ?, a?aeiia?aeii,
aeieaoe aeiaeaoeiaeo a?aenioe?a oa iaai? ii ieo.

?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? iaaaoiiiiieo ?iaanoeoe?e.
Aecia/aii iniiai? iieiaeaiiy oa i?eioeeie ioe?iee, ca?aeii c
yeeie ?o aoaeoeai?noue e?euee?nii oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ci?iith
aeiiii?/ieo aoaeo?a ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa-?iaanoi?a
a?aeiia?aeii aei ? i?ney cae?eniaiiy ?iaanoeoe?e. Aoaeoeai?noue
inoaii?o, ui ? i?eioeeiiai iiaei, aecia/a?oueny oeyoii iiaeaethaaiiy
an?o iaaaoeaieo ? iiceoeaieo iane?aee?a aeey i?aei???inoaa a?ae
cae?eniaiiy ?iaanoeoe??, ui ioe?ith?oueny.

?ic?iaeaii ?i?oaoe?eio iiaeaeue ?ooo a?ioiaeo iioie?a i?aei?e?inoa. A ??
iniiao aia?oa iieeaaeaii ?i?oaoe?th iia?aoeaieo noaa?e?caoe?eieo
caoiae?a ? aecia/aiiy iaeaooi?o iane?aee?a ?o ?aae?caoe??. Cai?iiiiiaaii
iieacieee ioe?iee oa aeai?o iia?aoeaieo caoiae?a, ui aaeeaathoueny –
i?i?ioi aeiaeaoeiaeo aeo?ao o iaeaooi? ia??iaee /ano /a?ac i?iaaaeaiiy
noaa?e?caoe?? a i?ii?aeie /ano, ui aiae?co?oueny.

Cai?iiiiiaaii ocaaaeueiaiee aeai?eoi aecia/aiiy aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino?
aioee?eciaeo ??oaiue, yeee aea? iiaeeea?noue caaacia/eoe iiaeeea?noue
caaacia/eoe i?iaaaeaiiy ?o eiiieaenii? ioe?iee a oiiaao e?ece
iaieaoaae?a.

Iniiaia a?aeciaea i?eiaieo iaoeiaeo ?acoeueoao?a, cai?iiiiiaaieo
iaoiaeieia?/ieo ? iaoiaee/ieo i?aeoiae?a iieyaa? a nenoaiiiio a?aooaaii?
aieiaii? iniaeeaino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa a
oaia??oi?e /an – iayaiino? aeao?oeeoo ia?aiaeo eioo?a o a?eueoino? c
ieo. Oai?eoe/ii iaa?oioiaaiith oa e?euee?nii aecia/aii aieea oeueiai
/eiieea ia ioe?ieo aeiiii?/ieo ?acoeueoao?a ? ??aaiue aoaeoeaiino?
ae?iaieoeoaa.

?ic?iaeaii i?eioeeiiai iia? ii?iaoeae aeey i?iaaaeaiiy oaei? ioe?iee.
Aiie yaeythoue niaith ii?iaoeai? cia/aiiy o?iainiaeo iieaciee?a
ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa. Cai?iiiiiaaii iieacieeeni?aa?aeiioaiiy
oaeoe/ieo ? ii?iaoeaieo cia/aiue ciaia’ycaiue.

Ia aac? ?i?oaoe?eiiai iiaeaethaaiiy ?ooo a?ioiaeo iioie?a i?iieneiaeo
i?aei?e?inoa ?ic?iaeaii oe?e?nio nenoaio iieaciee?a aoaeoeaiino?
aioee?eciaeo oi?aae?inueeeo ??oaiue, ye? aeicaieythoue a?aooaaoe a
oaii??oi?e ? iaeaooi?e ia??iaee /ano ci?ie aeiiii?/ieo ?acoeueoao?a oa
aoaeoeaiino? ae?iaieoeoaa, aeeeeeai? i?eeiyooyi ??oaiue, ui
ioe?iththoueny.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a ?icaeoeo
aaeaeaaoieo oiia o?ainoi?iaoe?? aei ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee iaoiae?a aiae?co
e ioe?iee aeiiii?/ieo ?acoeueoao?a ae?yeueiino? i?iieneiaeo
i?aei?e?inoa. io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe a noeoiiino? ae??oothoue i?iaeaie
aeinyaiaiiy ei?aeoii? ioe?iee aioee?eciaeo ??oaiue, ui i?eeiathoueny
ea??aieoeoaii i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa, a oaeiae ioe?iee o?iainiaiai
noaio oa aoaeoeaiino? ?o ainiiaea?thaaiiy a no/anieo oiiaao. Oaea
ioe?iea caaacia/o? iiaeeea?noue cae?eniaiiy ei?ioeino?ieiaiai oa
aeiaaino?ieiaiai i?iaiic?a ?icaeoeo i?aei?e?inoa ? ??aiy iieaciee?a, ui
oa?aeoa?ecothoue ?o aeiiii?/io iie?oeeo, i?eeiyooy ea?aeeieeueieo
??oaiue uiaei i?iaeiaaeaiiy aai i?eieiaiy ae?iaieoeoaa, eiai
?ai?aai?caoe?? oa ?ano?oeoi?ecaoe??.

Aeeeaaeai? a aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue,
iaoiaee/i? ?ic?iaee ? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? i?ecia/ai? aeey i?aeoe/iiai
aeei?enoaiiy I?i?noa?noaii i?iieneiai? iie?oeee Oe?a?ie ? ea??aieeaie
i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa i?e aecia/aii? ? cae?eniaii? ieie aeiiii?/ii?
iie?oeee.

Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ciaeoei nai?
a?aeia?aaeaiiy a ?ic?iaeaieo aaoi?ii iaoiaeeeao: “Iaoiaee/i? ioe?iee
aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa”, “Iaoiaeeea
ae?aaiinoeea e?eciaiai noaio i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa ?o ia’?aeiaiue”,
“Iaoiaeeea ioe?iee ?iaanoeoe?e ia aac? ?i?oaoe?eiiai iiaeaethaaiiy ?ooo
a?ioiaeo iioie?a ae?iaieoeoaa”. Iacaai? iaoiaeeea canoiniaothoueny
I?i?noa?noaii i?iieneiai? iie?oeee Oe?a?ie i?e ioe?ioe? aeiiii?/ii?
aoaeoeaiino? oa ?iaanoeoe?eii? i?eaaaeeaino? i?iieneiaino?, cie?aia ??
a??ie/i? aaeoc?; Aea?aeaaiith eii?n??th c oe?iieo iaia??a oa oiiaeiaiai
?eieo Oe?a?ie aeey aecia/aiiy aeiiii?/ieo ?acoeueoao?a ? o?iainiaiai
noaio ai?oaio?a – i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa. Oe? iaoiaeeee ocaiaeaeai? oa
canoiniaothoueny Aea?aeaaiei ?inoeoooii ii i?iaeooaaiith a??ie/i-?oaeieo
i?aei?e?inoa “E?eaaani?iaeo”, iaoeiai-aeine?aeiei oa i?iaeoiei
?inoeoooii ii caaaa/aiith oa aaeiia?aoe?? ?oae /i?ieo iaoae?a
“Iaoiiia?/i?iao”, Aea?aeaaiei iaoeiai-aeine?aeiei a??ie/i-?oaeiei
?inoeoooii (IAeA??) i?e i?iaiicoaaii? ?icaeoeo a??ie/eo i?aei?e?inoa
E?eaaano. Aiie oaeiae caoaa?aeaeai? o aeei?enoiaothoueny eiioea?iii
“Oe??oaei?ii” oa a??ie/i?oaeieie i?aei?e?inoaaie E?eaaano, na?aae yeeo
I?aaeaiiee oa I?ai?/iee a??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeuei? eiia?iaoe, ae?iaie/a
ia’?aeiaiiy “E?eaaan?oaea” aeey aecia/aiiy aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino?,
o?iainiai? noaa?eueiino? oa ?ic?iaeaiiy nai?? ?iaanoeoe?eii? iie?oeee.

Aei aeena?oaoe?? aeiaeathoueny aeieoiaioe, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue
?aae?caoe?th a aeiiii?/i?e i?aeoeoe? iaoeiaeo ?ic?iaie aeena?oaioa.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aeena?oaio o nai?e i?aeoe/i?e ?iaio? ia?
aaciina?aaei?e ca”ycie c oaiith aeena?oaoe??, iniaennoi i?ia?a eiiieaen
aeine?aeaeaiue i?e ?ic?iaeaii? iaoeiaeo ?acoeueoao?a, ui aeiinyoueny ia
caoeno:

iaa?oiooaaiiy iieiaeaiiy i?i iaiao??aei?noue, i?e i?iaaaeaii? ioe?iee
aeiiii?/ieo ?acoeueoao?a ae?yeueiino? i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa
nenoaiiiai a?aooaaiiy iane?aee?a ?oiuei? caaaeueii? iaieaoini?iiiaeiino?
? aca?iiiai iaiiaa?iaiiy ai?a?a;

oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy i?i aecia/aiiy ii?iaoea?a ciaia”ycaiue i?iieneiaeo
i?aei?e?inoa, ye? aeathoue iiaeeea?noue iioe?eoe e iiaeeaeoe ?nioth/?
oyaeaiiy i?i o?iainia? ?acoeueoaoe ?oiuei? ae?yeueiino?;

iaoiaeeea ae?aaiinoeee e?eciaiai noaio i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa oa ?o
ia”?aeiaiue;

iaoiaeieia?y aeiiii?/iiai aiae?co oa ioe?iee ae?yeueiino? i?iieneiaeo
i?aei?e?inoa ia aac? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ?oi?o ii?iaoeaieo ? oaeoe/ieo
cia/aiue ciaia”ycaiue c o?aooaaiiyi aeao?oeeoo ia?aiaeo eioo?a;

iaoiaeeea eiiieaenii? ioe?iee aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? i?iieneiaiai
ae?iaieoeoaa oc o?aooaaiiyi ci?ie eiai o?iainiaiai noaio;

eeaneo?eaoe?y oi?aae?inueeeo ??oaiue noiniaii ?oiuei? ioe?iee a
oaia??oi?e ia??iae /ano ? iaa?oiooaaiiy iniaeeaino? oe??? ioe?iee;

iaoeia? i?eioeeie ? iaoiaee i?iaiicoaaiiy aeiiii?/ieo ?acoeueoao?a
ae?yeueiino? i?iieneiaeo i??aei?e?inoa ca aeiiiiiaith ?i??oaoe?eiiai
iiaeaethaaiiy ?o a?ioiaeo iioie?a;

nenoaie iieaciee?a ioe?iee noaa?e?caoe?eieo caoiae?a aeey onoiaiiy
iioi/ii? iaieaoini?iiiaeiino? i?aei?e?inoa ia aaac? ?i?oaoe?eiiai
iiaeaethaaiiy eiai a?ioiaeo iioie?a;

iaoiaeeea ioe?iee iaaaaoiiiiieo ?iaanoeoe?e, iaa?oioiaaaii? nenoaie
iieaciee?a, ?oi? ca”ycee ?c caaaeueiii?eeiyoeie iieacieeaie ioe?iee
?iaanoeoe?e;

i?eioeeie, aeie-noaia ocaaaeueiaiiai aeai?eoio ? iaoiae eiiieaenii?
ioe?iee aioee?eciaeo oi?aae?inueeeo ??oaiue ?c canoinoaaiiyi
?iia??i?nieo ioe?iie ? a?aaooaaiiyi iaiaaeaiue.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue. Io?eiai? iaoeia? ?acoeueoaoe
aeiiia?aeaeenue ia 10 iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo ? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo
eiioa?aioe?yo. Na?aae ieo: i?aeia?iaeia iaoeiaa eiioa?aioe?y “I?iaeaie
aeiiii?/ii? ?ioaa?aoe?? Oe?a?ie o ?a?iiaenueeee nnithc: oai??y ?
no?aoaa?y” (i. sseoa, 1996 ?.), ia?oa I?aeia?iaeia eiioa?aioe?y “Iaoea ?
na?o’98” (i. Ee?a, 1998 ?.), i?ae?aa?iiaeueiee e?oaeee no?e “Onoaeaiee
?icaeoie a??ie/i-aeaeiaoaiiai ?aa?iio ia iniia? aeieia?/ieo i??i?eoao?a”
(i. E?eaee ??a, 1998 ?.), iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ia eiioa?aioe?y “I?iaeaie oa
oeyoe ?icaeoeo iiaeaoeiai? nenoaie” (i. ??i?iue, 1998 ?.),
iaoeiai-oaoi?/ia eiioa?aioe?y “Oeyoe ?icaeoeo iaoee ? oaci?ee i?e
i?aeaioiaoe? ?oae /i?ieo iaoae?a aei iaoaeue?a?eiiai ia?aae?eo” (i.
E?eaee ??a, 1991 ?.), iaoeiai-oaoi?/ia eiioa?aioe?y “I?iaeaie
iaacaiaeaeaiiy, neeaaeoaaiiy oa ooee?caoe?? oaino?a
a??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeueieo eiia?iao?a” (i. E?eaee ??a, 1990 ?.),
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ia eiioa?aioe?y “Aeiiii?/i? i?iaeaie i?enei?aiiy
iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiai i?ia?ano a i?iieneiaino?” (i. Iaeana, 1990 ?.),
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iee nai?ia? “Aeiiii?/iee aiae?c ainiiaea?nueei?
ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa” (i. Eai?ia?aae, 1990 ?.).

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue ae?noaee a?aeia?aaeaiiy a oeeee?
iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai ? i?iaeoiiai ?inoeoooo
“Iaoaiia?/i?iao” i?e ?ic?iaoe? oai: “?aae?caoe?y nenoaie aeiiii?/iiai
aiae?co iniiaieo iai?yie?a ae?iaie/i-ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino?
i?aei?e?inoa /i?ii? iaoaeo?a??”, “?ic?iaea eiiieaeniiai
oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/iiai iieacieea ioe?iee iaeaaeiaiiy (caaaa/oaaiiy
cae?cieo ?oae)”, “Ae/aeaiiy ?aca?a?a i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
aeei?enoaiiy iniiaieo oiiae?a ? ?aiiioiiai iioaioe?aeo aaeoc?”,
“?ic?iaea i?iiiceoe?e ii aaeineiiaeaiith iaoai?cio oe?iiooai?aiiy ia
caaaa/oaaeueia iaeaaeiaiiy cae??ci?oaeieo oaa?ee”, “?ic?iaea iniiaieo
oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ieo iieaciee?a aeey ioe?iee ??aiy ia”?eo?a oaoi?ee ?
aeai?o aiaaeia?a”, “Aea?? ? iaa?oiooaaiiy ?aoe?iiaeueieo ia?aiao??a
oaoi?/ieo cania?a i?aeaioiaee”, aea aeena?oaio aoa iaoeiaei ea??aieeii ?
a?aeiia?aeaeueiei aeeiiaaoeai, a oaeiae a aoaeeoi?nueeeo aeniiaeao
aoaeeoi?nueei? o??ie “O?iaoaeeo”, aeeiiaieo aeena?oaioii uiaei
aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? ae?yeueiino? ?yaeo i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa
E?eai??cueeiai cae?ci?oaeiiai aanaeio.

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?? a?aeia?aaeai? a 37
ae?oeiaaieo ?iaioao ianyaii 44 iae.-aeae. a?e., Na?aae ieo: aea?
?iaeea?aeoaeuei? iiiia?ao??, iaeia iiiia?ao?y o ni?aaaoi?noa?, iaeia
a?ioth?a, 33 iaoeia? noaoo?, c yeeo 26 iaaienai? iniaenoi
aeena?oaioii.

Ianya ? no?oeoo?a ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio, 5
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae c 175 iaeiaioaaiue, 5
aeiaeaoe?a ? aeeth/a? 55 oaaeeoeue oa 5 ?enoie?a. Iiaiee ianya
aeena?oaoe?? noaiiaeoue 450 noi??iie, a oiio /ene? neeaaeathoue 62
noi??iee, ?enoiee – 5, nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae – 17, aeiaeaoee –
49.

INIIAIEE CI?NO

Iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ?
eiioeaiooaeuei? iieiaeaiiy aeiiii?/ii? oai???, ni?yiiaai? ia iiaeaeueoee
?icaeoie o eiie?aoieo oiiaao ooieoe?iioaaiiy i?iieneiaiai
ae?iaieoeoaa – ia??iaeo ia?aoiaeo aei ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei.

O anooi? ?ice?eaa?oueny aeooaeuei?noue aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy,
aiae?co?oueny noai ieoaiiy ii iayai?e i?iaeai?, nooi?iue ??
aeine??aeaeaiino?. Noi?ioeueiaai? iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy,
eiai i?aaeiao ? ia”?eo, iieacai? iaoiaeieia?/ia, iaoiaee/ia oa
?ioi?iaoe?eia aace ?? aeine?aeaeaiiy.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? “Oai?aoeeei-iaoiaeieia?/i? iniiae aei??o aeiiii?/ieo
?acoeueoao?a i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa” iieacaii, ui no/ani? oiiae
ainiiaea?thaaiiy oa?aeoa?ecothoueny niaaeii ae?iaieoeoaa oa e?ecith
iaieaoaae?a. Ia?aaaaeia a?eueo?noue i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa
iaieaoini?iiiaeia ? ooieoe?iio? i?aeoe/ii aac aeinoaoiueiai
iaaeoiaeaeaiiy eioo?a ia ?oi? ?ic?aooieiaee ? aaethoiee ?aooiee.

Aeena?oaoe?eia aeine?aeaeaiiy nie?a?oueny ia aeina?ae oai?aoe/ieo
? i?aeoe/ieo ?ic?iaie o noa?? aecia/aiiy aoaeoeaiino?
aoaeoeaiino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa, ioe?iee
aeiiii?/ieo ?acoeueoao?a ainiiaeaa?thaaiiy i?aei?e?inoa. Eiai
aiae?c aiae?c na?ae/eoue, ui o ??cieo e?oa?aoo?ieo iathoue i?noea
a?aei?iiino?, ye? oiiaii iiaeia iiae?eeoe ia /ioe?e a?oie:

— a?aei?iiino? o aecia/aii? ao?aeieo aeaieo aeey ?ic?aooieo;

— a?aei?iiino? o e?eueeino? aeei?enoiaaieo i?e aiae?c? ye a?oi
iieaciee?a, oae ? ie?aieo iieaciee?a o eiaei?e a?oi?;

— a?aei?iiino? o aecia/aii? iaeiaioaaiiy a?oi ? iieaciee?a, ui
aoiaeyoue aei ?o neeaaeo;

— a?aei?iiino? o ?ic?aooieiaeo oi?ioeaao.

Iniaeeai ne?ae aeae?eeoe a?aei?iiino? a ?ic?aooieiaeo oi?ioeao
aecia/aiiy iieaciee?a. sse aaaaea? aeena?oaio, o ?iaioao, ui
i?iaiae?ciaai?, ia a?aoiaai? iniaeeaino? no/aniiai noaio ?icaeoeo
iaoe?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee. Uia ?o o?aooaaoe, o?aaa aecia/eoe
iiiaieeaoo?o iieaciee?a, ?ic?aooiie yeeo iaiao?aeii
aeine?aeaeoaaoe, ? ?icaeyiooe, ye? a?aei?iiino? iathoue i?noea.
Aieiaia iniaeea?noue no/aniiai aoaio aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo –
caaaeueia iaieaoini?iiiaei?noue i?aei?e?inoa ?, ye iane?aeie,
ooai?aiiy aaee/acii? aeaa?oi?nueei? oa e?aaeeoi?nueei?
caai?aiaaiino?. I?iaeaia ioe?iee ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae oeeie
aeaeaie caai?aiaaiino? ? iniiaiith i?e aecia/aii? aeiiii?/ieo
?acoeueoao?a ooieoe?iioaaiiy ae?iaieoeoaa. Oiio iaiao?aeii aecia/eoe
o? iieacieee, ye? aeathoue iiaeeea?noue e?euee?nii a?aoiaoaaoe
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeaa?oi?nueei? ? e?aaeeoi?nueei? caai?aiaaiinoae.

Aeiiii?/ii iaa?oioiaaii, ui i?aei?e?inoai iiaea ?aioaaaeueiei
(i?eaooeiaei), ca?aeii c ae?th/eie i?aaeeaie iiiaeaoeoaaiiy, aea
aiaeii/an ? aeecueeeii aei aaie?oonoaa /a?ac ianoa/o a?ioiaeo
? i?e??aiyieo aei ieo eioo?a. Iaa?oue, yeui ? ia a?aoiaoth/e
/eiieea ieaoini?iiiaeiino?, ana iaeii iieaciee i?eaooeo aeicaiey?
o?eueee aecia/eoe ?ici?? iiaeaoe?a, a ia ioe?ieoe o?iainiaee
?acoeueoao ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa. O ca”yceo c oeei, aaee/eio
/enoiai i?eaooeo iaiao?aeii ciaioeoe ua e ?io? iioi/i?
aeaeaoee, ye? ? iaia”yceiaeie ? eiiiainothoueny ca ?aooiie
i?eaooeo, ui caeeoa?oueny a ?icii?yaeaeaii? i?aei?e?inoaa.

Iaa?oioiaaii ioe?ithaaoe aini?ic?aooieia? aeiiii?/i? ?acoeueoaoe
ae?yeueiino? i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa ca aeiiiiiaith eiiieaeniiai
iieacieea aoaeoo. Cai?iiiiiaaii aecia/aoe eiai ye noio aeaio
neeaaeiaeo: ?aaeueii io?eiaieo aeioiae?a oa aaee/eie ci?ie
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeaa?oi?nueei? ? e?aaeeoi?nueei? caai?aiaaiinoae
i?aei?e?inoa ca ia??iae, ui aeine?aeaeo?oueny.

?icaeyiooi ieoaiiy acia/aiiy ?ecee?a i?e i?iaiicoaaii? aeiiii?/ieo
?acoeueoao?a ae?iaie/i? ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa. Iaa?oioiaaii, ui a
caeaaeiino? aae o?iainiaiai noaio, ?ecee, yeee aecia/a?oueny ca
caaaeueiii?eeiyoith iaoiaeeeith ye aeiionoeiee (caa?ica ao?aoe
i?eaooeo), iiaea aeyaeoeny eaoano?io?/iei, i?eiaeii?, a aeaio aeiaaeeao:

· oi?aae?inueea ??oaiiy ia?aaeaa/aei cae?eniaiiy aeeaaeaieo ?iaanoeoe?e,
i?e/iio ca ?aooiieiice/eiaeo eioo?a, ? aiane?aeie iaio?eiaiiai i?eaooeo
i?aei?e?inoai ia a ciic? nieaoeoe a?aenioie ca e?aaeeo, ui, o naith
/a?ao i?ecaiaeeoue aei oo?ao?a ? iia??oo? noai i?aei?e?inoaa aei
e?eciaiai;

· o?iainiaee noai i?aei?e?inoaa aei i?eeiyooy oi?aae?inueeiai ??oaiiy
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ye e?eciaee, oiio i/?eoaaiee i?eaooie iiaeiai aoa ae
aeei?enoiaoaaoeny o?eueee aeey iiaaoaiiy ciaia”ycaiue.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e?”Iaoiaee/i? iniiae ioe?iee aeiiii?/ieo
?acoeueoao?a ae?yeueiino? i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa” aea/aiith
iaoiaeieia?/ieo i?eioeei?a ia/eneaiiy ii?iaoea?a ciaia”ycaiue ?
e?aaeeoi?nueei? caai?aiaaiino?. ?o aeiiii?/iee nain iieyaa? o aecia/aii?
iaeneiaeueii? aaee/eie ciaia”ycaiue (e?aaeeoi?nueei? caai?aiaaiino?),
yeo i?aei?e?inoai o ciic? iiaaneoe, ia caa?oath/enue aei i?iaeaaeo
aeaniiai iaeia.

I?e ?ic?aooieao ii?iaoea?a aecia/a?oueny cia/aiiy e?aaeeoi?nueei?
caai?aiaaiino?, yea niea/o?oueny ca ?aooiie aeaa?oi?nueei?
caai?aiaaiino?, ca oiiae iiaii? coieiee ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa.
Aaee/eia ii?iaoeao, a?aeiia?aeia iayaio o i?aei?e?inoaao ai?ao
aeaa?oi?ai, aecia/a?oueny c o?aooaaiiyi oiai, ui ca ?aooiie iiaa?iaiiy
oeueiai ai?ao, ie??i iniiaii? noie e?aaeeoi?nueei? caai?aiaaiino?
iiaeiia aooe iiaaoaia ? aaee/eia ?? ianeoaiaoaaiiy. Oeth aeiiao iiaeia
oi?iae?coaaoe o aeaeyae? ianooiiiai ??aiyiiy:

Ae/=Ei?aae.I + ? IEt,

aea Ae/ – noia aeioiaeo, iaea?aeoaaiiai i?aei?e?inoaii ca ?aooiie
iiaa?iiy eiio aeaa?oi?nueei? caai?aiaaiino? i?ney aeieaoe an?o
iiaeaoe?a;

E i?aae. i – aaee/eia ii?iaoeao e?aaeeoi?nueei? caai?aiaaiino?;

O0 – iiiaio /ano, ui ioe?iththoueny;

OAe – i?ii?aeie /ano iiaiiai iiaa?iaiiy i?aei?e?inoao aeaa?oi?nueei?
caai?aiaaiino?, iayaii? a /an O0;

IEt – noia ianeoaiaoaaiiy e?aaeeoi?nueeiai ai?ao i?aei?e?inoaa a
aeia?eueiee i?ii?aeie /ano t a?ae??cea [O0, OAe].

Aaee/eia E i?aae.i ? iaa?aeiiith aaee/eiith ? aecia/a?oueny caniaii
?oa?aoe?? aeoiaey/e c caaacia/aiiy ia?aoai?aiiy ??aiyiiy (1) a
??ai?noue. ?ic?aooiie ii aecia/aiith ii?iaoeao e?aaeeoi?nueei?
caai?aiaaiino? aeeiio?oueny aeey eiaeiiai c ??ai?a o?iainiai? no?eeino?:
aaniethoiiai, ii?iaeueiiai, aeiionoeii iano?eeiai, e?eciaiai.
Iaa?oioiaaii, ui aaee/eia ii?iaoeao e?aaeeoi?nueei? caai?aiaaiino?, yea
aecia/a?oueny ca oi?ioeith (1), oa?aeoa?eco? ii?iaeueiee ??aaiue
o?iainiai? no?eeino?.

Aeoaea aaaeeeaa aecia/aiiy ii?iaoeao e?aaeeoi?nueei? caai?aiaaiino? E
i?aae.i, yeee a?aeiia?aeiee aeiionoeii iano?eeiio ??aith o?iainiai?
no?eeino?. I?e eiai aecia/aii? aei noie iiaa?iaiiy aeaa?oi?nueei?
caai?aiaaiino?, ui aeei?enoiao?oueny i?e ?ic?aooieo ii?iaoeao
caai?aiaaiino? E i?aae.i, aeiaea?oueny noia io?eiaieo a?ae ?aae?caoe??
aeoea?a eioo?a, yeo iiaeia caeo/eoe c oei, aae i?aei?e?inoai ii?iaeueii
ooieoe?iioaaei.

Ii?iaoeae ciaia’ycaiue aeey eiaeiiai c iacaaieo ??ai?a o?iainiai?
no?eeino?, aecia/a?oueny ye noia a?aeiia?aeiiai ii?iaoeao
e?aaeeoi?nueei? caai?aiaaiino? oa aeiaaino?ieiaeo iai?ino?i/aieo eioo?a,
caeo/aieo aeey cae?eniaiiy ?iaanoeoe?e o iicaiai?ioi? aeoeae ?
aeiaaino?ieia? o?iainia? aeeaaeaiiy, aaee/eia yeeo iaa?oioiaaia ca
aeiiiiiaith aia?aoa ?iaanoeoe?eiiai aiae?co.

?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea aecia/aiiy iieacieea eiiieaeniiai
aini?ic?aooieiaiai aeiii?/iiai aoaeoo (Y) oa eiai neeaaeiaeo: ?aaeueii
io?eiaieo i?aei?e?inoaii aeioiae?a (YAe) ? aaee/eie ci?ie
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeaa?oi?nueei? ? e?aaeeoi?nueei? caai?aiaaiinoae (Yo) ca
ia??iae, ui ioe?iththoueny. Cia/aiiy Y aei??aith?:

Y = YAe + Yo.

O naith /a?ao aaee/eia ?aaeueii io?eiaieo i?aei?e?inoaii aeioiae?a YAe
aecia/a?oueny ca oi?iieith:

YAe = I/ + A +?i – En + Ae1- — Ae1+,

aea I/ – /enoee i?eaooie, ui caeeoa?oueny o ?icii?yaeaeaii?
i?aei?e?inoaa;

A – aii?oecaoe?ei? a?ae?aooaaiiy, ui caeeoathoueny o ?icii?yaeaeaii?
i?aei?e?inoa;

?i – aaee/eia iaia’yceiaeo aeaeaoe?a, ui ia aoiaeyoue aei neeaaeo
nia?aa?oino? i?iaeoeoe??;

En – aaee/eia e?aaeeoi?nueei? caai?aiaaiino?, yea a?aoiaaia o
nia?aa?oino? i?iaeoeoe??;

Ae1 – aaee/eia aeaa?oi?nueei? caai?aiaaiino?, yea aeei?enoiaothoueny i?e
aecia/ai? i?eaooeo oa i/eneththoueny c o?aooaaiiyi /anoeie
aeaa?oi?nueeiai ai?ao, yeee ooai?eany aiane?aeie i?iaaaeaiiy aa?oa?ieo
iia?aoe?e;

Ae1- , Ae1+- a?aeiia?aeii, aaee/eie iiaa?iaiiy aeaa?oi?nueei?
caai?aiaaiino? (Ae1) oa ooai?aiiy iiaiai aeaa?oi?nueeiai ai?ao ca
ia??iae, ui ioe?iththoueny.

Aaee/eia iieacieea Yo e?euee?nii oa?aeoa?eco? ci?io ni?aa?aeiioaiiy
aeaa?oi?nueei? ? e?aaeeoi?nueei? caai?aiaaiino? ca ia??iae, ui
ioe?ith?oueny. Aeey aecia/aiiy oeueiai iieacieea cai?iiiiiaaii
i?eioeeiiai iia? iieacieee: caian aeaa?oi?nueei? caai?aiaaiino?. Nenoaia
iieaciee?a, ye? aecia/athoue eiiieaeniee aini?ic?aooieiaee aeiiii?/iee
aoaeo a?ae ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa, iaaaaeaia ia ?en. 1.

Iieacieee caian aeaa?oi?nueei? caai?aiaaiino? ? iaaeeeoie
e?aaeeoi?nueei? caai?aiaaiino? aecia/athoueny a o?niiio aca?iica’yceo c
ii?iaoeaii e?aaeeoi?nueei? caai?aiaaiino? (Ei?aae.i). sseui inoaiiy
ia?aaeuo? oaeoe/io aaee/eio e?aaeeoi?nueeiai ai?ao, oiae? iayaia
aeaa?oi?nueea caai?aiaai?noue i?aei?e?inoaa a?eueoa, i?ae iaiao?aeia
aeey iiaaoaiiy oeueiai ai?ao, oiaoi ? iiceoeaiee caian aeaa?oi?nueei?
caai?aiaaiino?. I?e cai?ioi?e neooaoe?? o i?aei?e?inoaa ? ?? a?ae’?iiee
caian. ??ai?noue ii?iaoeaii? oa oaeoe/ii? e?aaeeoi?nueei? caai?aiaaiino?
na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui iayaii? aeaa?oi?nueei? caai?aiaaiino? aenoa/a?
o?eueee aeey iie?eooy oaeoe/iiai e?aaeeoi?nueeiai ai?ao, aea ?aca?ao
iaia?. Oiaoi ?? caian o oeueiio aeiaaeeo aei??aith? ioeth.

I?e aecia/aii? caiano aeaa?oi?nueei? caai?aiaaiino? ?ic?aoiao?oueny
aaee/eia e?eoe/ii? aeaa?oi?nueei? caai?aiaaiino? (Aee?eo.). Aeiiii?/iee
nain oe??? aaee/eie iieyaa? a oiio, ui aiia oa?aeoa?eco? cia/aiiy
aeaa?oi?nueei? caai?aiaaiino?, i?e ye?e oaeoe/ia e?aaeeoi?nueea
caai?aiaai?noue aei??aith? ?? ii?iaoeao (Ei?aae.i).

Cia/aiiy Aee?eo. anoaiiaeth?oueny iaoiaeii ?oa?aoe??.

Caian aeaa?oi?nueei? caai?aiaaiino? aei??aith? ??cieoe? cia/aiue
aeaa?oi?nueei? caai?aiaaiino?, iayaii? o i?aei?e?inoaa oa ?? e?eoe/ii?
aaee/eie.

Cia/aiiy aaee/eie ci?ie ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeaa?oi?nueei? oa
e?aaeeoi?nueei? caai?aiaaiino? (Yo) aei??aith?:

Yo = ?Ae’1 — ??’1 + I?,

aea ?Ae’1 – aaee/eia ci?ie aoaeo?a ca ?aooiie iayaiiai caiano
aeaa?oi?nueei? caai?aiaaiino? ca ia??iae, ui aiae?co?oueny;

AeE’1 — aaee/eia ci?ie aeiaeaoeiaeo caeoe?a ca ?aooiie iayaiiai
iaaeeeoeo e?aaeeoi?nueei? caai?aiaaiino? ca ia??iae, ui aiae?cothoueny;

I? – iaea?aeai? i?aei?e?inoaii ia?aaeiieaoe oa aaaine.

Cia/aiiy iieacieea ?Ae’1 aecia/a?oueny ye ??cieoey aaea/ei aeiiii?/ieo
aoaeo?a ca ?aooiie iayaiiai caiano aeaa?oi?nueei? caai?aiaaiino? ia
iiiaio /ano t ia??iaeo, ui aiae?cothoueny, ?ic?aoiaothoueny ca
oi?iieith:

AeAe’1 t =

Aea AeAe’1 t — aaee/eia aoaeoo ca ?aooiie iayaiiai caiano
aeaa?oi?nueei? caai?aiaaiino? ia iiiaio /ano t;

Oe?eo. – aaee/eia a?ae??cea /ano iiaaoaiiy e?eoe/ii? aeaa?oi?nueei?
caai?aiaaiino?;

Oae – iiiaio /ano iiaiiai iiaa?iaiiy aeaa?oi?nueei? caai?aiaaiino?;

?en. 1. Nenoaia iieaciee?a, ui aecia/athoue eiiieaeniee
aini?ic?aooieiaee aeiiii?/iee aoaeo a?ae ae?yeueiino? i?iieneiaeo
i?aei?e?inoa

Ae/o — aaee/eia aeioiaeo, ca aeiyoeii on?o iiaeaoe?a. Iaea?aeaiiai
i?aei?e?inoaii i?e iiaa?iaii? eiio aeaa?oi?nueei? caai?aiaaiino? a
iiiaio /ano ?;

q – aea?aiee eiao?oe??io aeeneiiooaaiiy.

C aa?aenooi?noth o i?aei?e?inoaa caiano aeaa?oi?nueei? caai?aiaaiino?
aaee/eia AeAe’1 t aei??aith? ioeth. Cai?iiiiiaaii a oeueiio aeiaaeeo i?e
aecia/aii? aoaeoo a?ae ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa aeei?enoaoe iieaciee,
ui oa?aeoa?eco? iaaeeeoie e?aaeeoi?nueei? caai?aiaaiino? (EEA). Eiai
aaee/eia aei??aith? ??cieoe? i?ae oaeoe/iithe?aaeeoi?nueeith
caai?aiaaiinoth oa ?? ii?iaoeaii o aeine?aeaeoaaiiai i?aei?e?inoaa a
iiiaio /ano, ui ioe?iththoueny.

Aaee/eia ci?ie caeoe?a ca ?aooiie iayaiino? iaaeeeoeo e?aaeeoi?nueei?
caai?aiaaiino? ca ia??iae, ui aiae?co?oueny, i?e oeueiio aei??aith?:

AeE’1 = EEA’ t+1 — EEA’t,

aea EEA’ t+1, EEA’t – aaee/eie iaaeeeoeo e?aaeeoi?nueei? caai?aiaaiino?
E1 o ii??aiyii? c aaee/eiith ?? ii?iaoeao E1i?aae.ae.i., a?aeiia?aeii ia
e?iaoeue ? ii/aoie ia??iaeo, ui aiae?co?oueny.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? “Iaoiaee/i? iniiae ioe?iee aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino?
i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa” cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiaeeeo ioe?iee aeiiii?/ii?
aoaeoeaiino? i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa oa ?o ia’?aeiaiueia iniia?
ii??aiyiiy aeo?ao ? aeiiii?/ieo ?acoeueoao?a ae?iaieoeoaa. A i?ioean?
aecia/aiiy aoaeoeaiino? ioe?iththoueny ? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae ii?iaiaei
ianyaii ae?iaieoeoaa, iaiao?aeiei aeey caaacia/aiiy aaccaeoeiaino?, oa
eiai oaeoe/iei cia/aiiyi.

Iaa?oioiaaii, ui a no/anieo oiiaao ainiiaea?thaaiiy i?e ?ic?aooieo
aacaeoeiaino? iiaeiai aooe a?aoiaaiee ? iaaiee caian aeey iiaaoaiiy
aaee/eie aeiaeaoeiai? caai?aiaaiino? aiane?aeie ianeoaiaoaaiiy ai?ao.
Ii?iaiaee ianya ae?iaieoeoaa i?iaeoeoe?? caaaeaee ia? aooe a?eueoei,
i?ae eiai cia/aiiy. ?ic?aoiaaia ca caaaeueiii?eeiyoith iaoiaeeeith.
?acoeueoaoe ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae oaeoe/ieie oa ii?iaiaeie ianyaaie
ae?iaieoeoaa a??ie/ii-caaaa/oaaeueieo eiia?iao?a, noaiii ia 01.07.1998
?., i?aaenoaaeai? o ae?aa?ai? (?en. 2).

Aeiiii?/ii iaa?oioiaaii iaiao?aei?noue iiaiai iaoiaee/iiai i?aeoiaeo,
yeee ?aae?co?oueny o ?ic?iaeai?e aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/i?e iiaeae?
aecia/aiiy ii?iaiaiai ianyao ae?iaieoeoaa a no/anieo oiiaao
ainiiaea?thaaiiy. ?ic?iaeaii aeai?eoi ioe?iee o?iainiai? no?eeino?
i?aei?e?inoa ia iniia? aecia/aiiy ii?iaoea?a ?o ciaia’ycaiue,
cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiaeeeo ae?aaiinoeee a?aeiia?aeiino? o?iainiaiai noaio
i?aei?e?inoaa e?eciaiio.

Iaa?oioiaaii, ui e?eciaee noai o i?aei?e?inoaa ianoa? oiae?, eiee
oaeoe/ia noia eiai iice/eiaeo eioo?a ia?aaeuo? ?o ii?iaoeaio aaee/eio,
a?aeiia?aeio aeiionoeiiio ??aith iano?eeino?. Iayai?noue e?eciai?
neooaoe?? aaoiiaoe/ii ua ia icia/a?, ui coieiea ae?iaie/i? ae?yeueiino?
i?aei?e?inoaa aeioe?eueia. Iiaeeea? oiiae, eiee naia i?iaeiaaeaiiy
ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa noeioeth? iiaeaeueoo noaa?e?caoe?th eiai
aeiiii?/iiai noaio.

?en. 2. Ae?aa?aia ni?aa?aeiioaiiy oaeoe/ieo oa ii?iaiaeo ianya?a
ae?iaieoeoaa

Cai?iiiiiaaii aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue, yea aea? iiaeeea?noue
aecia/eoe aeiiii?/io aeioe?euei?noue i?eieiaiiy ae?yeueiino?
i?aei?e?inoaa. A iniia? iiaeae? iieeaaeaii ii??aiyiiy aaee/eie
aeiiii?/ieo ?acoeueoao?a i?e i?iaeiaaeaii? ?, a?aeiia?aeii, i?eieiaii?
ae?yeueiino?. sseui iayai?noue inoaiiuei? eeoa iia??oo? noaiiaeua, oi
?iaeoueny aeniiaie i?i aeiiii?/io aeioe?euei?noue ?? i?eieiaiiy.
Aeueoa?iaoeaith iiaeooue aooe aioee?ecia? oi?aae?inuee? ??oaiiy, ye?
aeicaieyoue o iaeaooiueiio ci?ieoe neooaoe?th ? caaacia/eoe aeiiii?/iee
?acoeueoao, i?e yeiio i?eieiaiiy ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa noa?
iaaeioe?eueiei.

?ic?iaeaii iieacieee a iaeeieoeyo /ano: caian i?oeiino? oa caian
o?iainiai? no?eeino?. I?e ?o ?ic?aooieo a?aoiao?oueny iniaeeaino?,
iia’ycai? c iayai?noth o i?aei?e?inoaa aeao?oeeoo eioo?a. Oe? iieacieee
oa?aeoa?ecothoue ia??iae /ano, i?ioyaii yeiai a?aeiia?aeia iaiaaeaiiy
aeeiio?oueny.

O aeiaaeeo. Eiee ?ic?iaeaiee ianya i?iaeoeoe?? ia?aaeuo? iaiao?aeio aeey
aacaeoeiaino? aaee/eio, caian i?oeiino? oa?aeoa?eco? ia??iae /ano,
i?ioyaii yeiai i?aei?e?inoai acaaae? iiaea i?/iai ia ae?iaeyoe ? i?e
oeueiio caeeoaoeny aaccaeoeiaei. I?e a?ae’?iiiio cia/aii? iieacieea
i?oeiino?, a?i aecia/a? ia??iae /ano, i?ioyaii yeiai i?aei?e?inoai
iiaeiia aeiaeaoeiai ae?iaeoe iio??aiee eiio aeey caaacia/aiiy
aaccaeoeiaino? ianya i?iaeoeoe??, ca oiiae caa?aaeaiiy naiai ??aiy
i?iaeoeoeaiino? a iaeeieoeyo /ano.

Iieaciee caiano o?iainiai? no?eeino? a iaeeieoeyo /ano oa?aeoa?eco? oie
ia??iae, i?ioyaii yeiai o i?aei?e?inoaa caa??aa?oueny aeiionoeiee
??aaiue o?iainiai? no?eeino?.

Ca ?ic?iaeaiith a aeena?oaoe?? iaoiaeeeith aeeiiaii ioe?ieo e aiae?c
aeiiii?/ieo ?acoeueoao?a oa aoaeoeaiino? a??ii/i?ii?oaeieo i?aei?e?inoa
Oe?a?ie oa i?aei?e?inoa, ui ?o ianeoaiaothoue. Iaea?aeaii? cia/aiiy
aaee/eie eiiieaeniiai aoaeoo (Y) iaaaaeai? a oaaeeoe? 1 (ia i?eeeaae?
a??ie/ii-caaaa/oaaeueieo eiia?iao?a Oe?a?ie noaiii ia 01.07.1998 ?.).
sse na?ae/aoue aeai? oe??? oaaeeoe?, eiiieaeniee aini?ic?aooieiaee
aeiiii?/iee aoaeo a?ae ae?yeueiino? a??ie/ii-caaaa/oaaeueieo eiia?iao?a,
ui aiae?cothoueny, cia/ii iaioee, i?ae ?o /enoee i?eaooie.

?acoeueoaoe ?ic?aooieo aoaeoeaiino? ae?iaieoeoaa na?ae/aoue i?i eiai
cieaeaiiy i?ioyaii 1998 ?ieo. An? i?aei?e?inoaa. Ca aeiyoeii ?oaeieea
“Nooa Aaeea” iaaoaeoeai?, a ?o o?iainiae? noai iiaea aooe
ioa?aeoe?eciaaiee ye e?eciaee. Aeeiiaii ?aiaee?oaaiiy i?aei?e?inoa uiaei
?o aoaeoeaiino? oa o?iainiai? no?eeino?.

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? “Iiaeae? i?iaiicoaaiiy aeiiii?/ieo ?acoeueoao?a
i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa” iaaaaeaii ?ic?iaeai? ?i?oaoe?ei? iiaeae? ?ooo
a?ioiaeo iioie?a i?aei?e?inoaa, a oaeiae aeai?eoi ioe?iee aeiiii?/ii?
aoaeoeaiino? noaa?e?caoe?eieo iia?aoeaieo caoiae?a uiaei onoiaiiy
iioi/ii? iaieaoini?iiiaeiino? ? aeeaaeaiiy iaaaoiiiiieo ?iaanoeoe?e ia
aac? oeeo iiaeaeae. A iniiao aeacaieo iiaeaeae iieeaaeaii aecia/aiiy
naeueaei aeioiae?a ? aeaeaoe?a o eiaeiee iioi/iee iiiaio /ano. sseui
aeaia naeueaei iiceoeaia, oi eiai aaee/eia aeeneiioo?oueny a iiiaio /ano
c aea?aiei aiae?oeeii eiao?oe??ioii aeeneiiooaaiiy, yeui naeueaei
a?ae’?iia – aaeeaathoueny

Oaaeeoey 1. ?acoeueoaoe ?ic?aooieo aini?ic?aooieiaiai eiiieaeniiai
aeiiii?/iiai aoaeoo a?ae ae?yeueiino? a??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeueieo
eiia?iao?a Oe?a?ie, oen. a?i

Iaeiaio-aaiiy iieacieeaA??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeuei?
eiia?iaoeI?aaeaiieeI?ai?/iee
Oeaio?aeueiee?iaoeaoeueeeeIieoaanueeeeEaieo-Ao?oinueeeeIa?aaiaoeueeeeI?a
eaeii?e?aecaanueeee*enoee i?eaooie, ?ic?aoiaaiee a?aeiia?aeii ca?oiino?
i?aei?e?inoaa 6509- 27530- 188923331- 620- 1024- 24619824Iieaciee ci?ie
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ci?ie aeaa?oi?nueei? oa e?aaeeoi?nueei? caai?aiaaiinoae-
30817- 59654- 37763- 18319- 10374- 2085- 11192- 2540Iieaciee ?aaeueii
io?eiaieo i?aei?e?inoaii aeioiae?a- 17401- 28666- 195053747- 4776- 2334-
2573355Aaee/eia aini?ic?aooieiaiai eiiieaeniiai aoaeoo- 32557- 88320-
57268- 14573- 15150- 5149- 13765- 2095noaa?e?caoe?ei? caoiaee.

?icaeyiooi aea? ?i?oaoe?ei? iiaeae?. A ia?o?e, c o?eniaaiei a?aenioeii
ianeoaiaoaaiiy ai?ao, aeei?enoiao?oueny ?aeeiee noaa?e?caoe?eiee cao?ae
– ooai?aiiy iiai? e?aaeeoi?nueei? caai?aiaaiino? oa ?ic?aoiao?oueny noia
?? ianeoaiaoaaiiy. Inoaiiy aecia/a?oueny ye aeiaooie aaee/eie ooai?aii?
e?aaeeoi?nueei? caai?aiaaiino? ia i?eeiyoee o?eniaaiee iiaeaoie
ianeoaiaoaaiiy ai?ao.

Ca?aeii c ae?oaith iiaeaeeth aaeeaa?oueny ??ci? noaa?e?caoe?ei? caoiaee,
ui aeathoue ciiao, a?aeiia?aeii, i?aeaeueoe aeioiaee aai cieceoe
aeaeaoee. Eiaeiee c cai?iiiiiaaieo noaa?e?caoe?eieo caoiae?a iaoiiaeth?
iaaio i?neyae?th. Oae, caeo/ai? e?aaeeoe, iiceee, ?iaanoeoe?? ne?ae
iiaa?oaoe oa ua c a?aenioeaie. Ca?eueoaiiy e?aaeeoi?nueei?
caai?aiaaiino? oaeiae ia?aiineoue iieaoo aeaeaoe?a o iaeaooi? ia??iaee
/ane, aei oiai ae, iiaeeeai c iaaiith iaiath. A cai?iiiiiaai?e iiaeae?
ia?aeaa/aii aaoiiaoe/ia a?aooaaiiy iiae?aieo iane?aee?a. Ie?aii
a?aoiao?oueny i?neyae??, ui aeieeathoue i?e i?iaeaaeo iaeia
i?aei?e?inoa. Aiie iiaeooue aooe iia’ycai? c aeiooaiei cieaeaiiyi
ae?iaieoeoaa i?iaeoeoe?? ?, a?aeiia?aeii, ?c ca?eueoaiiyi nia?aa?oino?
?? iaeeieoe? /a?ac c?inoaiiy oiiaii iino?eieo aeo?ao, ye? i?eiaaeathoue
ia iaeeieoeth i?iaeoeoe??.

I?e aeai?? noaa?e?caoe?eieo caoiae?a a?aoiaothoueny ??ci? iaiaaeaiiy.
I?e caeo/aii? iicee ? e?aaeeo?a o caaaeueiiio aeiaaeeo a?aoiaothoueny
iaiaaeaiiy, iia’ycai? c e?euee?noth caeo/aieo e?aaeeo?a, ?o noiith oa
no?ieii iiaa?iaiiy. I?e caeo/aii? eioo?a oeyoii ca?eueoaiiy noaoooiiai
oiiaeo i?iiiio?oueny a?aoiaoaaoe iaiaaeaiiy, iia’ycai? c aaee/eiith
eiio?ieueiiai iaeaoo aeoe?e, ui a?aeaea?oueny o?ao?i iniaai. ?ici?iaeaae
iaeia iaiaaeo?oueny, a?aeiia?aeii, i?i?iaeueii iaiao?aeieie iniiaieie
caniaaie oa ia?aiaeie eiooaie, ui iiaeii? caeeoaoeny a ?icii?yaeaii?
i?aei?e?inoaa aeey i?iaeiaaeaiiy iei nai?? ae?iaie/i? ae?yeueiino?.
Ie??i oiai, a?aoiao?oueny iaiaaeaiiy ia noia?io caai?aiaai?noue
i?aei?e?inoaa. Ia noio ai?ao c ie?aieo noaoae aeo?ao aai ie?aiei
e?aaeeoi?ai.

Oaeei /eiii, ?icaeyaeath/e eiaeiee iiiaio /ano ? i?eeiath/e uiaei iueiai
??oaiiy i?i aaeeooy noaa?e?caoe?eieo caoiae?a, aecia/a?oueny i?iaiicia
aaee/eia naeueaei ia e?iaoeue ia??iaeo, ui aeine?aeaeo?oueny.

Cai?iiiiiaaia iiaeaeue aea? iiaeeea?noue o e?ioeaaiio i?aenoieo
aecia/eoe an? iieacieee, iaiao?aei? aeey ?ic?aooieo aeiiii?/ieo
?acoeueoao?a ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa.

?ic?iaeaii aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino?
iia?aoeaieo caoiae?a aeey onoiaiiy iioi/ii? iaieaoini?iiiaeiino? ia
iniia? ?i?oaoe?? ?ooo a?ioiaeo iioie?a i?aei?e?inoaa. A i?e
a?aoiao?oueny oa, ui a e?ecia?e neooaoe?? canoinoaaiiy ??cieo aa??aio?a
noaa?e?caoe?eieo caoiae?a i?ecaiaeeoue aei iaeiiai ?acoeueoaoo ia
iiiaio, ui aiae?co?oueny – caaaeaiiy a?ae’?iiiai naeueaei aei ioey.
Aa??aioe a?ae??ciythoueny eeoa iane?aeeaie, ui aecia/athoueny iaeaooi?ie
aeaeaoeaie.

?ic?iaeaii aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino?
cae?eniaiiy ?iaanoeoe?e. Aeey oeueiai ie?aii ?icaeiooi eeaneo?eaoe?th oa
iniaeeaino? ioe?iee ??oaiue iia’ycaieo?c cae?eniaiiyi ?iaanoeoe?e.
I?eioeeiiai iiaith oi?iith ? aeeoe?aioe?aoe?y ?iaanoeoe?e ia aaoiiiii?
oa iaaaoiiiii?. I?e aeeaaeai? eioo?a o aeaeyae? ?iaanoeoe?e
i?aei?e?inoai iiaea noaoe iaio ieaoini?iiiaeiei. sseui a ianooiiee ca
aeeaaeaiiy i?ii?aeie /ano i?aei?e?inoai ia a ciic? nieaoeoe nai?
aeaeaoee, aiii caeo/a? e?aaeeoe. Iiceee, i?iaiaeeoue ?ici?iaeaae iaeia,
aai ooai?th? iiao e?aaeeoi?nueeo caai?aiaai?noue. I?e oeueiio ca ?aooiie
iiaeeeaeo aeieao a?aenioe?a, iai? oa oo?ao?a ca i?ino?i/aiiy, ?ioeo
aeiaeaoeiaeo aeo?ao, aeaeaoee i?aei?e?inoaa iiaeooue aooe cia/ii
a?eueoeie, i?ae noia aeeaaeaiue. Iiaeeeaa ? i?ioeeaaeia neooaoe?y, eiee
i?aei?e?inoai, io?eiaaoe aeioiaee a?ae ?aae?caoe?? ?iaanoeoe??, oieea?
oo?ao?a, iai?, iaiao?aeiino? caeo/aiiy iiaeo e?aaeeo?a ? ia?, o ca’yceo
c oeei, i?eaooie a?eueoee, i?ae oe? aeioiaee. Oae? ?iaanoeoe??
aeena?oaioii cai?iiiiiaaii aaaaeaoe iaaaoiiiiieie.

I?aee?aneaii, ui an? ??oaiiy i?i cae?eniaiiy ?iaanoeoe?e
i?aei?e?inoaaie, ui ia?aaoaathoue o e?eciaiio noai?, ? iaaaoiiiiieie.
Ioe?ieo iaaaoiiiiieo ?iaanoeoe?e iaea?eueo aeioe?eueii i?iaiaeeoe oeyoii
?i?oaoe?? ?ooo a?ioiaeo iioie?a i?aei?e?inoaa. ssea ioe?ith?oueny.

Cai?iiiiiaaii, e??i aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? ?iaanoeoe?e ia aaoiiiii? oa
iaaaoiiiii?. Iiae?eeoe ?o ia ??oaiiy, iia’ycai? c aeeaaeaiiyi eioo?a o
aeania i?aei?e?inoai, aai ae a inoaii?. A inoaiiueiio aeiaaeeo
aoaeoeai?noue ?iaanoeoe?e, ui ioe?iththoueny, iiaeiia aecia/aoeny c
o?aooaaiiyi aeiaeaoeiaeo /eiiee?a:

· iaieaoini?iiiaeiino? niiaeeaa/?a i?iaeoeoe?? i?aei?e?inoaa-ia’?eoa
aeeaaeaiiy ?, ye iane?aeie cieaeaiiy eiai aeioiae?a oa ca?eueoaiiy
aeaeaoe?a ca ?aooiie ianeoaiaoaaiiy ai?ao i?e ai?iaaaeaeaii?
?iaanoeoe?eiiai i?iaeoo;

· iayaiino? ?ioeo ciaia’ycaiue o i?aei?e?inoaa-ia’?eoa aeeaaeaiue ?
aecia/aiiy o ca’yceo c oeei i??i?eoaoiino? iiaaoaiiy iei caai?aiaaiino?
??cieie e?aaeeoi?ai.

I?e oeueiio ae??oothoueny aea? caaea/?:

· aecia/a?oueny, /e aeinoaoi?e o i?aei?e?inoaa-ia’?eoo aeeaaeaiue
i?eaooie, uia iiaaneoe ai?ae ?iaanoi?o;

· /e ciiaea i?aei?e?inoai iiaa?iooe a iiaiiio ianyc? eiooe naia
?iaanoi?a, caoeiaeaeoth/e ?ioei e?aaeeoi?ai.

I?e ioe?ioe? iaaaoiiiiieo ?iaanoeoe?e iiaeaeth?oueny ?oo a?ioiaeo
iioie?a i?aei?e?inoaa-?iaanoi?a a?aeiia?aeii c o?aooaaiiyi ?acoeueoao?a
aeeaaeaiue. O i?ioean? iiaeaethaaiiy aecia/athoueny aaee/eie eiiieaenieo
aeiiii?/ieo aoaeo?a Y2 ? Y1 a?ae ae?iaie/i? ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa
ca ia??iae, ui ioe?ith?oueny, a?aeiia?aeieo oeei aa??aioai. Oi?ioee
aecia/aiiy aoaeo?a iaaaaeai? a ?icae?e? 3 aeena?oaoe??. Aaee/eia
aoaeoeaiino? aeeaaeaiue aecia/a?oueny ye ??cieoey cia/aiue aoaeo?a Y2 ?
Y1.

Cai?iiiiiaaiee iieaciee ? aeayeei aiaeiaii iieacieea /enoiai
i?ei?eaaaeaiiai aeioiaeo, aea ia? ?yae ia?aaaa o ii??aiyii? c
caaaeueiii?eeiyoei iaoiaeii aecia/aiiy inoaiueiai. Ii-ia?oa, i?e
aecia/aii? cai?iiiiiaaiiai iieacieea a?aoiaothoueny ?aaeuei? aeaeaoee c
o?aooaaiiyi aaee/eie ianeoaiaoaaiiy ai?ao, a ii-ae?oaa,
aeei?enoiaothoueny aeiiii?aei? iieacieee, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue ci?io
e?aaeeoi?nueei? oa aeaa?oi?nueei? caai?aiaaiino?, aeeeeeaio
?aae?caoe??th ?iaanoeoe?eiiai i?aeoo. Inoaii? iniaeeai aaaeeeaa. ai naia
c iaoith iiaa?iaiiy ai?a?a oa noaa?e?caoe?? o?iainiaiai noaio, yeui a?i
e?eciaee, ?iaanoi?aie cae?enniththoueny aeeaaeaiiy a?eueoino?
?iaanoeoe?e – oea iiaeeo?eiaaiee iieaciee ??cieoe? eiiieaenieo aoaeo?a
a?ae ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa a?aeiia?aeii c o?aooaaiiyi ? aac
o?aooaaiiy ?acoeueoao?a cae?eniaiiy ?iaanoeoe?e – oea iiaeeo?eiaaiee
iieaciee /enoiai i?eaaaeaiiai aeioiaeo, yeee iicia/aii /a?ac NPV’.

?ic?iaeaii ? iaaaaeaii a aeena?oaoe?? ?io? ioe?iee ?iaanoeoe?e: oa?i?i
ieoiiino?, aioo??oiy ii?ia ?aioaaaeueiino? oa ie?ai? eiai iiaeeo?eaoe??.
Aeai? iieacieee ?ic?iaeaii c o?aooaaiiyi iniaeeainoae ioe?iee
iaaaoiiiiieo ?iaanoeoe?e ia aac? iiaeaethaaiiy a?ioiaeo iioie?a
i?aei?e?inoaa. Oae, oiiaa ieoiiino? a aeena?oaoe?? oi?ioeththoueny ye
aeinyaiaiiy ioeueiaiai cia/aiiy NPV’ a iaaiee iiiaio /ano, i?eeiyoee ye
iiiaio ieoiiino? aeeaaeaiue.

Ca?aeii c cai?iiiiiaaiith iaoiaeeeith aeeiiaii ?yae ?ic?aooie?a
aoaeoeaiino? ?iaanoeoe?eieo i?iaeo?a, ye? ?aae?ciaai? ia ?yae?
i?aei?e?inoa E?eaaano. ?? canoinoaaiiy aeaei ciiao ooi/ieoe iaea?aeai?
?acoeueoaoe ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? ?iaanoeoe?e o ?oaei?aiiioiee caaiae
“Eaiea?”, ye? io?eiai? ca?aeii c caaaeueiii?eeiyoith oa cai?iiiiiaaiith
iaoiaeeeith, iaaaaeai? o oaaeeoe? 2.

Oaaeeoey 2.

?acoeueoaoe ni?anoaaeaiiy iieaciee?a aoaeoeaiino? cae?eniaiiy
?iaanoeoe?e o ?oaei?aiiioiee caaiae “Eaiea?”

Iacaa iieacieeaCia/aiiy iieaciee?a, aecia/aieo ca?aeii c
caaaeueiii?eeiyoith iaoiaeeeith Cia/aiiy iieaciee?a, aecia/aieo ca?aeii
c cai?iiiiiaaiith aeena?oaioii iaoiaeeeithI?eaaaeaiee /enoee aeioiae,
oen. a?i37492703Aioo??oiy ii?ia ?aioaaaeueiino?, %24,2112,53Noaaea
o?iainiaiai iaiaaeaeiaioo, %21,120,8

?ic?iaeaii ? iaaaaeaii iiaeaeue e?euee?ne?nii? ioe?iee ?eceeo, yea aea?
iiaeeea?noue aecia/eoe ?iia??i?noue io?eiaiiy iaaieo aeiiii?/ieo
?acoeueoao?a a?ae cae?eniaiiy ?iaanoeoe?e, ui ioe?iththoueny. ?icaeyiooi
ye?ni? ?eceee, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue ?iia??i?noue a?aeiia?aeiino?
o?iainiaiai noaio i?aei?e?inoaa iaaiei ??aiyiiyi no?eeino?, a oiio /ene?
? e?eciaiio, cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiaee ?oiuei? e?eueeinii? ioe?iee.

O i’yoiio ?icae?e? “Oeyoe ei??iiiai i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
ae?iaieoeoaa” ?ic?iaeaii ocaaaeueiaiee aeai?eoi aeai?o aioee?eciaeo
oi?aae?inueeeo ??oaiue.

C?iaeaii ?yae ?ic?aooie?a uiaei ai?iaaoe?? iaaaaeaieo iiaeaeae ?
aeai?eoi?a, i?iaaaeaii ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a,
a?aeiia?aeii , ca caaaeueiii?eeiyoith iaoiaeeeith oa iaoiaeeeeith, ui
i?i?iio?oueny.

?ic?iaeaiee aeai?eoi ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? aioee?eciaeo ??oaiue ia aac?
?i?oaoe?eiiai iiaeaethaaiiy ?ooo a?ioiaeo iioie?a i?aei?e?inoaa
aeei?enoaii i?e aecia/aii? aeiiii?/ieo ?acoeueoao?a a?aeiia?aeieo
caoiae?a a??ie/ii ?oaeieo i?aei?e?inoaao E?eaaano, a aoeiae
aioee?eciaeo i?iiiceoe?e aeey oeeo i?aei?e?inoa.

Iieacaii, ui ?ai?oa a iaoiaeeoe? ?ic?aooieo ia a?aoiaoaaeenue
iniaeeaino? ia??iaeo o?ainoi?iaoe?? aei ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee, oiio
aeniiaee i?i aoaeoeai?noue a?eueoino? ??oaiue, ui aiae?coaaeeny,
aoee ia aeineoue ei?aeoieie. ??oaiiy, ?aae?caoe?y yeeo
?icaeyaeaeany, ia aeinyaee iaoe – aeaiaeo i?aei?e?inoaa ?c e?eciaiai
noaio.

Cai?iiiiiaaii oa aeiiii?/ii iaa?oioiaaii ??oaiiy uiaei no?oeoo?ii?
ia?aaoaeiae i?iieneiaino?, ui ia?aaeaa/a? cie?aia, ia”?aeiaiiy
i?aei?e?inoa. Iieacaii, ui aeey i?eeiyooy ??oaiiy ii a?oi?
i?aei?e?inoa o oe?eiio, aeoiaey/e c ?o ni?eueieo ?ioa?an?a
iaea?eueo c?o/iei ? ?o aeoe?iioaaiiy oa noai?aiiy
i?iieneiai-o?iainiai? a?oie o aeaeyae? aeoe?iia?iiai oiaa?enoaa.
Inoaii? iiaeiii iaoe a eiaeiiio c i?aei?e?inoa eiio?ie?i? iaeaoe, ui
caaacia/aoue iiaeeea?noue i?eeiyooy aoaeue-yeeo ??oaiue i?i ?o
ceeooy, ?ai?aai?caoe?th ? oaea ?ioa. E??i oiai, aeioe?eueii
i?aai?coaaoe i?aeaaeocaa? i?iieneiaai-o?iainia? a?oie c iaoith
aeioneo oa caooo e?ioeaai? cia/ii aei?iae/i? ai?ae cae?ci?oaeia
ne?iaeia, i?iaeoeoe??, c iiaa?iaiiyi /anoeie eioo?a o ?icaeoie
ae?iaieoeoaa oa ?o ia?a?iciiae?eo i?ae i?aei?e?inoaaie, ui
aoiaeyoue aei neeaaeo a?oie.

Iiaeeeaeie e?aea?aie oaeeo a?oi iiaeooue noaoe a??ie/i-iaoaeo?a?eiee
eiia?iao “E?eai??aenoaeue”, Oa?oeecueeee o?oaiee caaiae, i???ioiaaiee
ia aacii?iieneiaee eiiieaen, I?eiiieuenueeee I?aaeaiii-o?oaiee
caaiae, i???ioiaaiee ia iaooiaeiaoaiee ? iaooiia?a?iaiee eiiieaen,
Iiaiiineianueeee o?oaiee caaiae c a?aeiia?aeieie iaoeiiaoae?aieie
caaiaeaie (aai i?ia?aeieie i?aei?e?inoaaie ?oaei-?aiiioii? aace
E?eaaano).

A aeena?oaoe?? iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaii, ui aeey aeoiaeo i?iieneiaiai
ae?iaieoeoaa ?c e?eciaiai noaio iaaeinoaoiuei cae/aeieo caoiae?a. Aeey
oeueiai iaiao?aeia ei??iia oaoi?yia ia?ainiauaiiy, ?aaeeeaeuei?
i?aai?caoe?ei? caoiaee ia ??ai? ia”?aeiaiue i?aei?e?inoa oa i?eeiyooy
a?aeiia?aeieo o?yaeiaeo iinoaiia uiaei noaa?e??caoe?? noaiiaeua o
i?iieneiaiio eiiieaen? acaaae?.

AENIIAEE

1. ?icaeyiooi i?aeoiaee aei ioe?iee aeiiii?/ieo ?acoeueoao?a
i?iieneiaino?. I?iaaaeaiee aiae?c iieacaa, ui i?e ioe?ioe?
aeiiii?/ieo ?acoeueoao?a ainiiaea?thaaiiy i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa ia
a?aoiaai? niaoeeo?/i? iniaeeaino? ia?ao?aeiiai ia??iaeo iaoe?iiaeueii?
aeiiii?ee ?, a ia?oo /a?ao, iniaeeaino? ainiiaea?thaaiiy, coiiaeaii?
/eiieeii caaaeueii? iaieaoini?iiiaeiino? i?aei?e?inoa.

O ca’yceo c oeei iaa?oioiaaii ia?oi/a?aiaa iaiao?aei?noue ?ic?iaee
iaoiaeieia?/ieo iniia aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee ?acoeueoao?a ae?iaieoeoaa.

2. Na?aae aeiiii?/ieo ?acoeueoao?a o ia??iae, ui aeine?aeaeo?oueny,
aieiaio ?ieue a?ae?a?athoue o?iainia? ?acoeueoaoe, ine?eueee aiie ?
e?ioeaaeie ? aeicaieythoue eiiieaenii ioe?ieoe ae?iaie/i-ainiiaea?nueeo
ae?yeuei?noue i?aei?e?inoaa.

A ?iaio? iaa?oioiaaii, ui iieaciee i?eaooeo, yeee canoiniao?oueny
aeey aaniethoii? ioe?iee ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa, ? o
??ciiiai?oieo eiai iiaeeo?eaoe?yo ia a?aeia?aaea? ae?enii? aaee/eie
aeiiii?/iiai ?acoeueoaoo ae?iaieoeoaa, a?eueoa oiai, ?noioii
aee?eaeth? eiai. O ca”yceo c oeei a aeena?oaoe?? ?ic?iaeaii
i?eioeeiiai iiaee iieaciee aeiiii?/ieo ?acoeueoao?a i?iieneiaiai
ae?iaieoeoaa c o?aooaaiiyi ci?i eiai o?iainiaiai noaio.
Anoaiiaeaii, ui oeae iieaciee ? eiiieaeniei ? aecia/a?oueny ye neia
aeaio neeaaeiaeo: ?aaeueii io?eiaieo i?aei?e?inoaii i?eaooe?a ?
aaee/eie ci?ie ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeaa?oi?nueei? oa e?aaeeoi?nueei?
caai?aiaaiinoae ca ia??iae, ui aiae?co?oueny. Ia a?aei?io a?ae
i?eaooeo, iieaciee, ui oa?aeoa?eco? ?aaeueii io?eiai? aeioiaee,
a?aoiao? e??i nia?aa?oino? e ?io? aeo?aoe, ye? ? iaia”yceiaeie i?e
aeaiiio ae?iaieoeoa? oa iiaaoathoueny c i?eaooeo.

I?e aecia/aii? ae?oaiai iieacieea ioe?iee ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa,
yea ia?aaoaa? a e?eciaiio noai?, aieiaiei ? ioe?iea ni?aa?aeiioaiiy
aeaa?oi?nueei? oa e?aaeeoi?nueei? caai?aiaaiinoae. Iieaciee, ui
oa?aeoa?eco? ci?io ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeaa?oi?nueei? oa e?aaeeoi?nueei?
caai?aiaaiinoae aaco?oueny ia ioe?ioe? cai?iiiiiaaieo o aeena?oaoe??
i?eioeeiiai iiaeo iieaciee?a: caian aeaa?oi?nueei? caai?aiaaiino? oa
iaaeeeoie e?aaeeoi?nueei? caai?aiaaiino?.

Ia?oee c oeeo iieaciee?a ?ic?aoiao?oueny ye ??cieoey i?ae oaeoe/iei
cia/aiiyi aeaa?oi?nueei? caai?aiaaiino? ? o??th ?? aaee/eiith, yea
caaacia/o? ??ai?noue i?ae oaeoe/iei ? ii?iaoeaiei cia/aiiyi
ciaia”caiue, ae?oaee -– ye ??cieoey i?ae oaeoe/iith ? ii?iaoeaiith
aaee/eiaie ciaia”caiue.

I?e i?aeoe/iiio aeei?enoaii? ?ic?iaeaii? iaoiaeeee aia?oa ?
iiaeeea?noue aeeiiaiiy ?ic?aooieo ci?ie aeiiii?/ieo ?acoeueoao?a
ae?yeueiino? i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa i?e eieeaaii? ?o o?iainiaiai
noaio.

3. Aenoiooi aeiiii?/ii iaa?oioiaaio eiioeaioe?th iaei?aeoiino?
aeei?enoaiiy aoaeue-yeee ii?iaoea?a, na?aaei?o aeey aaeoc? aai
?aa?iio, i?e ioe?ioe? ciaia”ycaiue ie?aieo i?aei?e?inoa, ine?eueee
aiie ia a?aoiaothoue iniaeeainoae iae?eo oa aecia/aiiy oaeeo
aaaeeeaeo oa?aeoa?enoee i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa ye noia ?iaeaenaoe??
?o iniiaieo ae?iaie/eo oiiae?a, ?ici??e aeaa?oi?nueei? ?
e?aaeeoi?nueei? caai?aiaaiino?, oaii?a ?o ci?ie ?, ui iniaeeai
aaaeeeai ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae aaee/eiaie oeeo ai?a?a.

Iaoiaeieia?/ii aeioe?eueii aeey eiaeiiai i?aei?e?inoaa aecia/eoe
ii?iaoeae, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue iaeneiaeueia cia/aiiy e?aaeeoi?nueei?
caai?aiaaiino?, yea aiii iiaea iaoe.

?ic?iaeaii aeai?eoi aecia/aiiy iieaciee?a ii?iaoea?a e?aaeeoi?nueei?
caai?aiaaiino? ? an??? noie ciaia”ycaiue. Eiai aeei?enoaiiy o
ainiiaea?nuee?e i?aeoeoe? aeaa? iiaeeea?noue ioe?ieoe ni?aa?aeiioaiiy
aeaa?oi?nueei? ? e?aaeeoi?nueei? caai?aiaaiinoae oeyoii iiaeaethaaiiy
i?ioeano iieaoe ai?ai?aei?e?inoai?aei?e?inoai?aei?e?inoa?a e?aaeeoi?ai
ca ?aooiie iiaa?iaiiy aeaa?oi?nueei? caai?aiaaiino?.

?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo, yea aeicaiey? ae?aaiinooaaoe iayai?noue o
i?aei?e?inoa e?eciaiai noaio oa e?euee?nii aei??thaaoe eiai. A i?e
aeei?enoiaothoueny ?ic?aooieia? ii?iaoeai? iieacieee o?iainiaiai noaio
i?aei?e?inoa, a oiio /ene? oae?, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue iayai?noue
aeiiii?/ii iaa?oioiaaii? aeioe?eueiino? i?eieiaiiy aai i?eieiaiiy
ae?iaie/i? ae?yeueiino?.

A?aeiia?aeii aei cai?iiiiiaaii? iaoiaeeee o?iainiaee noai i?aei?e?inoaa
aecia/a?oueny e?eciaei, eiee oaeoe/ia noia iice/eiaeo eioo?a
ia?aaeuo? ?? ii?iaoeaia cia/aiiy, yea caaacia/o? ??aaiue o?iainiai?
no?eeino? i?aei?e?inoaa ia ieae/ee, i?ae aeiionoeii iano?eeee. O
aeiaaeeo, eiee i?e oeueiio ua aeiiii?/ii aeioe?eueii coieiea
ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa, e?eca aaaaea?oueny aaaeeith.

4. ?ic?iaeaii iieacieee aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? i?iieneiaiai
ae?iaieoeoaa, ye? a?aoiaothoue iniaeeaino? ioe?iee iia”ycai? c
aeao?oeeoii ia?aiaeo eioo?a; aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy iice/eiaeo
eioo?a, ui aeathoue ciiao ioe?ieoe aoaeoeai?noue ?o aeei?enoaiiy o
i?ioean? ae?iaieoeoaa c o?aooaaiiyi caeoeo a?ae ia?aaeuaiiy
oaeoe/ii? noie ai?ao i?aei?e?inoa a ii??aiyii? c eiai ii?iaoeaiei
cia/aiiyi.

?icaeyiooi ieoaiiy ioe?iee ni?aa?aeiioaiiy oaeoe/iiai ianyao
ae?iaieoeoaa i?iaeoeoe?? ? eiai ii?iaiai cia/aiiy, ui caaacia/o?
aaccaeoeia?noue i?aei?e?inoaa, yea ioe?ith?oueny. Iaa?oioiaaii, ui /a?ac
iayai?noue aeiaeaoeiaeo aeo?ao, iia’ycaieo c ianeoaiaoaaiiyi ai?ao, yeee
ooai?eany /a?ac iaieaoaae? i?aei?e?inoaa oa caeoee aiane?aeie
aa?oa?acaoe??, iaiao?aeiee ianya ?aae?caoe?? i?iaeoeoe??, ui
a?aeii?a?aea? oi/oe? aaccaeoeiaino?, caaaeaee oa?aeoa?eco? a?eueoee
ianya ae?iaieoeoa o ii??aiyii? c aiaeia?/iith aaee/eiith, eio?a
?ic?aoiaaia ca caaaeueiii?eeiyoith iaoiaeeei.

5. ?ic?iaeaii eeaneo?eaoe?th ?iaanoeoe?e, yea a?aoiao? iniaeeaino? ?
iaoiaee ?o ioe?iee. Aia?oa cai?iiiiiaaia iiiyooy “iaaaoiiiiieo” ?
“aaoiiiiieo” ?iaanoeoe?e, ui aeeoa??ioe?ththoueny a caeaaeiino? a?ae
aeeiiaiiy aai, a?aeiia?aeii, iaaeeiiaiiy oi/a a ?c iae??? c oiia:

· aeeaaeaiiy i?ecaiaeyoue aei o?iainiaeo aeo?ao a?eueoeo, i?ae ?o noia;

· aeioiaee a?ae cae?eniaiiy ?iaanoeoe?e ca ?aooiie aeeo/aiiy iicee,
nieaoe oo?ao?a oa iai? caaacia/othoue i?eaooie a?eueoee ca aaee/eiith,
i?ae noia oeeo aeioiae?a.

Iaa?oioiaaii, ui ioe?ieo iaaaoiiiiieo ?iaanoeoe?e iaea?eueo
aeioe?eueii aecia/aoe ia aac? aia?aoa ?i?oaoe?eiiai iiaeaethaaiiy.

6. C oi/ee ci?o ?iia??iino? ?eceeo iaiiaa?iaiiy aeeaaeaiue ?
aeioiae?a a?ae ieo ie?aii aeae?eai? ?iaanoeoe??, ui cae?eniththoueny
a noi?ii? i?aei?e?inoaa. ?ice?eoi niaoeeo?/i? iniaeeaino?, iia”ycai?
c aecia/aiiyi aeioiaeo a?ae cae?eniaiiy iiae?aii? ?iaanoeoe??. Eiai
aaee/eio i?iiiio?oueny ia/enethaaoe c o?aooaaiiyi oiai, ui
i?aei?e?inoai-ia”?eo aeeaaeaiiy, iaa?oue, eiee io?eia? ia?aaeaa/oaai?
aeioiaee a?ae ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eiiai i?iaeoo, iiaea aiane?aeie
?ioeo ciaia”ycaiue ia iiaa?iooe ?iaanoi?o eiai aeeaaeaiiy ? /anoeio
caieaiiaaieo aeioiae?a. I?e oeueiio iiaeiia aecia/aoeny
i??i?eoaoi?noue iiaa?iaiiy ai?a?a i?aei?e?inoaii – ia”?eoii aeeaaeaiue.

7. Aecia/aii noa?o canoinoaaiiy ?ii?oaoe?eiiai iiaeaethaaiiy
aeiiii?/ieo ?acoeueoao?a. ?ic?iaeaii iiaeae? a?ioiaeo iioie?a, ye?
i?iiiio?oueny aeei?ennoiaoaaoe aeey i?iaiicoaaiiy iaaaoeaieo
iane?aee?a (iiaa?iaiiy noi caai?aiaaiinoae, iaiao?aei?noue nieaoe
oo?ao?a, iai?, a?aenioe?a), ui iiaeooue c”yaeoeny a iaeaooiueiio
aiane?aeie i?eeiyooy aioee?eciaeo oi?aae?inueeee ??oaiue o a?ae??cie,
ui aeine?aeaeo?oueny. Iiaeaeue ai?iaiaaia i?e ?i?oaoe?? ?ooo
a?ioiaeo iioie?a i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa E?eaaano.

?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo ioe?iee noaa?e?caoe?eieo caoiae?a, ye?
a?ae??ciythoueny i?ae niaith ??cieie iaaaoeaieie iane?aeeaie a
iaeaooi? ia??iaee /ano. Cai?iiiiiaai? ioe?iee aeathoue iiaeeea?noue
ia aac? ?i?oaoe?eiiai iiaeaethaaiiy aecia/eoe aoaeoeai?noue ?aae?caoe??
oi?aae?inueeeo ??oaiue ni?yiiaaieo ia onoiaiiy iioi/ii?
iaieaoini?iiiaeiino? a eiaeiee i?ii?aeie /ano ?, ui ? i?eioeeiiai
iiaei, ioe?ieoe ?oi?e aieea ia o?iainia? ?acoeueoaoe ae?yeueiino?
i?aei?e?inoaa ca aanue ia??iae, yeee aeine?aeaeo?oueny.

8. ?ic?iaeaii nenoaio iieaciee?a ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? ?iaanoeoe?e c
aeei?enoaiiyi aia?aoa ?i?oaoe?eiiai iiaeaethaaiiy ?ooo a?ioiaeo
iioie?a, anoaiiaeaii ?o ca”ycie c o?aaeeoe?eieie iieacieeaie:
/enoith iioi/iith aa?o?noth, aioo???oiueith ii?iith ?aioaaaeueiino?,
oa?i?iii ieoiiino?. A ieo a?aaoiao?oueny /eiiee
iaieaoini?iiiaeii/no? i?aei?e?inoa, iaaaaeaiee aeai?eoi eiai
a?aooaaiiy. Aeei?enoaiiy ?ic?iaeaieo iieaciee?a caaacia/o? ioe?ieo
aeioe?eueiino? aeeaaeaiue c o?aooaaiiyi an?o o?iainiaeo ci?i o
i?aei?e?inoaa-?iaanoi?a, aeeeeeaieo oaeoii aeeo/aiiy eioo?a.

9. ?ic?iaeaii ocaaaeueiaiee aeai?eoi i?eeiyooy aioee?eciaeo
oi?aae?inueeeo ???oaiue. A?i ia?aaeaa/a? aanue eiiieaen iia?aoe?eoe
aeey aecia/aiiy ?aae?caoe?? ??oaiue, ui ioe?iththoueny, ia ci?io
aeiiii?/ieo ?acoeueoao?a i?aei?e?inoaa oa iiaeeea?noue aeaaaeaiiy
eiai e?eciaiai noaio.

Cai?iiiiiaaii ?yyae iaiaaeaiue i?e ioe?ioe? e aeai?? aioee?eciaeo
oi?aae?inueeeo ??oaiue. Aiie aecia/athoueny c o?aooaaiiyi iayaiino?
iayaiino? /eiieea iaieaoini?iiiaeiino? i?aei?e?inoaa.

10. Ioe?iea aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? i?aei?e?inoa a??ie/i?oaeii?
i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie i?iaaaeaia ca ?ic?iaeaiith aeena?oaioii
iaoiaeeeith ?ic?aooie?a aeaea ciiao c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i oa, ui ?o
ae?yeuei?noue ca aeiyoeii ?oaeieea “Nooa Aaeea”, aoea iaaoaeoeaiith
a ia??iae, ui aeine?aeaeoaaany. I?e oeueiio ii?iaiaee ianya
ae?iaieoeoaa iaiao?aeiee aeey aaccaeoeiai? ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa
anoaiiaeaiee c o?aooaaiiyi i?eiouaiiy i?i ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?th
e?aaeeoi?nueei? caai?aiaaiino? ca 3 ?iee, ia?aaeuo? oaeoe/iee o
2,5 – 3,0 ?ace. I?ae oei, yeui aeoiaeeoe c caaaeueiii?eeiyoeo
iieaciee?a ?aioaaaeueiino?, oi oe?ea iecea i?aei?e?inoa (I?aaeaiiee,
Iieoaanueeee, I?aeaeii?e?aecaanueeee a??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeuei?
eiia?iaoe, Caii??cueeee cae?ci?oaeiee eiia?iao, ?oaei?aiiioi? caaiaee
EOe?C, “Eaiea?”, “?oaei?”, Ia?aaiaoeueeee ?oaei?aiiioiee caaiae)
ooieoe?iothoue aoaeoeaii ? a?aeiia?aeii ?o oaeoe/i? ianyae
ae?iaieoeoaa ia?aaeuothoue ii?iaia?.

Canoinoaaiiy ?ic?iaeaii? aeena?oaioii iaoiaeeee aeicaaieeei anoaiiaeoe
aoaeoeai?noue oeeo i?aei?e?inoa oa ae?eni? ianyae i?iaeoeoe??,
iaiao??aei? aeey aeinyaiaiiy aaccaeoeiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa.

?acoeueoaoe ioe?iee o?iainiaiai noaio i?aei?e?inoa na?ae/aoue i?i oa,
ui an? aiie, ca aeiyoeii ?oaeieea “Nooa Aaeea”, ciaoiaeyoueny a
e?eciaiio noai?. I?aeoe/ii aeey an?o i?aei?e?inoa e??i ?oaeieea “Nooa
Aaeea”, i?e ?nioth/iio niinia? ae?iaieoeoaa aeiiii?/ii iaaeioe?eueii
i?iaeiaaeoaaoe ae?iaie/o ae?yeuei?noue, ine?eueee oaea i?iaeiaaeaiiy
eeoa iia??oo? iieacieee ?o aoaeoeaiino?. Oeae aeniiaie coiiaeth?
iaiao?aei?noue i?eeiyooy ?aaeeeaeueieo iao?aaeeoe?eieo ??oaiue,
iia”ycaieo c ei??iiith no?oeoo?iith ia?aaoaeiaith ae?iaieoeoaa aeey
aeaiaeo a??ie/i?oaeii? i?iieneiaino? c e?eciaiai noaio.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe

Iiiia?ao?? ? a?ioo?e

1. Ioneiia A.ss. Iniiau ioeaiee yeiiiie/aneie yooaeoeaiinoe
aeayoaeueiinoe i?aaei?eyoee a oneiaeyo e?ecena iaieaoaaeae.- E?eaie
?ia: Ieia?ae, 1997.- 190 n.

2. Eica/aiei N.A., Ioneiia A.ss. Eiaanoeoeeiiiue aiaeec i?iaeoia
oaoieee .- E?eaie ?ia: Ieia?ae, 1997.- 192 n. Iniaenoi aaoi?ii –
i?ae?icae?ee 2.2. (n. 55 — 71), 3.1., 3.2. (n. 96 — 129).

3. . Ioneiia A.ss. I?iaiice?iaaiea e ioeaiea yeiiiie/aneeo ?acoeueoaoia
i?iecaiaenoaa a oneiaeyo eiaanoe?iaaiee e i?eiyoey noaaeeecaoeeiiiuo
ia? a i?iiuoeaiiinoe.- Aeiai?iiao?iane: Iaoea e ia?aciaaiea.- 1998.- 223
n.

4. . Ioneiia A.ss. I?eeeaaeiua aniaeou yeiiiie/aneie ioeaiee
aeayoaeueiinoe i?iiuoeaiiuo i?aaei?eyoee e eo iaueaaeeiaiee (ia
i?eia?a ai?iiaeiauaathuae i?iiuoeaiiinoe) .- Aeiai?iiao?iane: Iaoea e
ia?aciaaiea.- 1998.- 55 n.

Noaoo? a iaoeiaeo aeaeaiiyo

5. Ioneiia A.ss. E?eoa?ee niioaaonoaey oeiainiaiai ninoiyiey
i?aaei?eyoey e?eceniiio // |Aecian eioi?i.- 1997.- ? 24.- N.45- 49.

6. Ioneiia A.ss. Iauea i?eioeeiu oi?ie?iaaiey e i?eiyoey aioee?eceniuo
oi?aaeai/aneeo ?aoaiee // Aeaaeai?/iee iaeyae.- 1997.- ? 1-2.- N.
89-955.

7. Ioneiia A.ss. Iaoiaeieiae/aneea iniaaiiinoe i?iaaaeaiey aiaeeca
oeiainiaiai ninoiyiey i?aaei?eyoee a oneiaeyo iauae
iaieaoaaeaniiniaiinoe // O?oaeu eaoaae?u ?aciauaiey i?iecaiaeeoaeueiuo
nee e oaoiieiaee i?iecaiaenoaa E?eai?iaeneiai yeiiiie/aneiai Eeaaneiai
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22. Ioneiia A.ss. Ii?aaeaeaiea a?aie/iuo iaueaiia i?iecaiaenoaa
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24. Ioneiia A.ss. Oai?aoe/aneea iniiau ii?aaeaeaiey caiana oeiainiaie
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25. Ioneiia A.ss. Iaoiaeieiaey eiiieaeniie ioeaiee yeiiiie/aneie
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26. Ioneiia A.ss. Iaoiaeieiaey yeiiiie/aneie ioeaiee noaaeeecaoeeiiiuo
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27. Ioneiia A.ss. Iaoiaeieiae/aneea iniiau o/aoa oaeoi?a ?enea i?e
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28. Ioneiia A.ss. Iaoiaeu i?iaiice?iaaiey yeiiiie/aneeo ?acoeueoaoia
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29. Ioneiia A.ss. Ioeaiea oeiainiaie onoie/eainoe i?iiuoeaiiuo
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30. Ioneiia A.ss. Ioeaiea yeiiiie/aneie yooaeoeaiinoe i?iiuoeaiiiai
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34. Ioneiia A.ss. Aiaeec iniiaiuo iai?aaeaiee ei?aiiiai iiauoaiey
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35. Ioneiia A.ss. Oai?aoe/aneea iniaaiiinoe ioeaiee oic?an/aoiuo
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37. Iniaaiiinoe i?iaaaeaiey ONA ia noaaeeyo i?iaeoe?iaaiey / Eoiei E.
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AIIOAOe?ss

Ion?iia A.ss. Iaoiaeieia?/i? iniiae ioe?iee aeiiii?/ieo ?acoeueoao?a
i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa.- ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy a/aiiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a aeiiii?/ieo iaoe ii
niaoe?aeueiino? 08.07.01 – Aeiiii?ea i?iieneiaino?.- ?aaea ii aea/aiith
i?iaeoeoeaieo nee Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1998.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia iaoiaeieia?/iei ? i?eeeaaeiei i?iaeaiai
aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee ?acoeueoao?a ae?iaieoeoaa oa aeai?o ia ?o iniia?
noaa?e?caoe?eieo aioee?eciaec oi?aae?inueeeo ??oaiue a i?iieneiaino? o
aca?iica”yceo c oai????th oa i?aeoeeith ?eieiai? o?ainoi?iaoe?? nenoaie
ainiiaea?thaaiiy a Oe?a?i?. Anoaiiaeaii, ui iaea?eueo aeioe?eueii
ioe?ieo aeiiii?/ieo ?acoeueoao?a ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa aeeiioaaoe
eiiieaenii, c o?aooaaiiyi ci?ie ?o o?iainiaiai noaio.

?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeieia?th ? iaoiaeeeo ioe?ieo o?iainiaiai noaio
i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa ia aac? ii?iaoea?a ?o ciaia’ycaiue.
Iaa?oioiaaii oai?aoe/i? ? i?eeeaaei? aniaeoe aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee
noaa?e?caoe?eieo caoiae?a uiaei onoiaiiy iioi/ii? iaieaoini?iiiaeiino?
i?iieneiaiai i?aei??inoaa, a oaeiae ?iaanoeoe?e ia aac? ?i?oaoe?eiiai
iiaeaethaaiiy eiai a?ioiaeo iioie?a. ?ic?iaaii a?aeiia?aeio ?i?oaoe?eio
iiaeaeue ?ooo a?ioiaeo iioie?a i?aei?e?inoaa, aecia/aii nenoaio
iieaciee?a aeey ioe?iee cae?eniaiiy ?iaanoeoe?e oa aioee?eciaeo
oi?aae?inueeeo ??oaiue c o?aooaaiiyi iniaeeainoae ia??iaeo
o?ainoi?iaoe?? aei ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee, cai?iiiiiaaii oi?ioee
aecia/aiiy oeeo iieaciee?a. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe
?aae?ciaai? ia i?aeoeoe? i?e ?ic?iaeai? no?aoaa?/ieo iai?yie?a
aeaaeaiiy c e?ece a??ie/i?oaeieo i?aei??inoa E?eaaano.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aeiiii?/iee ?acoeueoao, e?eca, ioe?iea, aoaeoeai?noue,
??oaiiy, ?i?oaoe?eia iiaeaeue, ii?iaoea ciaia’ycaiue,
iaieaoini?iiiaei?noue.

AIIIOAOeEss

Ioneiia A.ss. Iaoiaeieiae/aneea iniiau ioeaiee yeiiiie/aneeo
?acoeueoaoia i?iiuoeaiiiai i?iecaiaenoaa.- ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie aeieoi?a yeiiiie/aneeo iaoe ii
niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.07.01 – Yeiiiieea i?iiuoeaiiinoe.- Niaao ii eco/aieth
i?iecaiaeeoaeueiuo nee Oe?aeiu IAI Oe?aeiu.- Eeaa.- 1998.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia iaoiaeieiae/aneei e i?eeeaaeiui i?iaeaiai,
yeiiiie/aneie ioeaiee ?acoeueoaoia i?iecaiaenoaa e auai?a ia eo iniiaa
noaaeeecaoeeiiiuo aioee?eceniuo oi?aaeai/aneeo ?aoaiee a i?iiuoeaiiinoe
ai acaeiinayce n oai?eae e i?aeoeeie ?uii/iie o?ainoi?iaoeee nenoaiu
oicyenoaiaaiey a Oe?aeia. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi iaeaieaa oeaeaniia?acii
ioeaieo yeiiiie/aneeo ?acoeueoaoia i?iecaiaeeoue eiiieaenii, n o/aoii
eciaiaiey eo oeiainiaiai ninoiyiey.

?ac?aaioaia iaoiaeieiaey e iaoiaeeea ioeaiee oeiainiaiai ninoiyiey
i?iiuoaeaiiuo i?aaei?eyoee ia aaca ii?iaoeaia eo iaycaoaeuenoa.
Iainiiaaiu oai?aoe/aneea e i?eeeaaeiua aniaeou yeiiiie/aneie ioeaiee
noaaeeecaoeeiiuo ia? ii ono?aiaieth oaeouae iaieaoaaeaniiniaiinoe
i?iiuoeaiiiai i?aaei?eyoey, a oaeaea eiaanoeoeee ia aaca
eieoaoeeiiiiai iiaeaee?iaaiee aai aeaiaaeiuo iioieia. ?ac?aaioaia
niioaaonoaothuay eiieoaoeeiiiay iiaeaeue aeaeaeaiey aeaiaaeiuo
iioieia i?aaei?eyoey, ii?aaeaeaia nenoaia iieacaoaeae ii ioeaiea
inouanoaeaiey eiaanoeoeee e aioee?eceniuo oi?aaeai/aneeo ?aoaiee n
o/aoii iniaaiiinoae ia?eiaea o?ainoi?iaoeee e ?uii/iie yeiiiieea,
i?aaeeiaeaiu oi?ioeu ii?aaeaeaiey yoeo iieacaoaeae. Iniiaiua ?acoeueoaou
aeenna?oaoeeiiiie ?aaiou ?aaeeciaaiu ia i?aeoeea i?e ?ac?aaioea
no?aoaae/aneeo iai?aeaiee auaaaeaiey ec e?ecena ai?ii?oaeiuo
i?aaei?eyoee E?eaaana.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: yeiiiie/aneee ?acoeueoao, e?ecec, ioeaiea,
yooaeoeaiinoue, ?aoaiea, eiieoaoeeiiiay iiaeaeue, ii?iaoea
iaycaoaeuenoa, iaieaoaaeaniiniaiinoue.

Summary

Nusinov V. Y. Methodologicall bases of estimation of inddustrial
prroduction economic results.- Manuscript.

Thesis for doctor’s degree in speciale 08.07.01 – Industry Economics of
productive Forses Studi of the National Academy of Sciense of Ukraine,
Kyiv, 1998.

The dissertation is dedicated to methodological and practical issues
of the economic estimatio of production results as a basis for
selecting, the stabilization anticrisis administrative decision in
industry in their interconnection with the theory and practice of market
transformazoin of Ukrainian management system.

If has been deterined that the estimation of industrial production
economic results should be carried out on a comprehensive basis with
the account of changes of enterprises? finanse.

The methodology and methods of the estimation of industrial
enterprises? finanse has been worked out on the basis of their
commitment standarts. The theoretical and practical assues of the
economic estimation of the stabilization steps for eliminating
industrial enterprises? insolvency have been substantiated as well
as those investments based on the enterprise?s cash flow
simulation.

The appropriate enterprise?s cash flow simulation has been worked
out. The rating system of investing and anticrisis administrative
decision based on the pecuiarities of transformation period according
to market economy has been deterined. The measurement formulas
are suggested. The main results of the dissertation were put
into the economic practice while working out the stratehic
directions of bringing the Kryvbas mining enterprises out of
crisis.

Key words: economic results, crisis, estimation, effectiveness,
decision, simulation model, commitment standart, insolvency.

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