EE?ANUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE E?IAA?NOE*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

Ia i?aaao ?oeiieno

EIEII?IIAA Ieueaa Ieaa?aia

OAeE 371.38: [37.022+802-07]

IAOIAeEEA OI?IOAAIIss

NIOe?IEOEUeOO?II? EIIIAOAIOe??

O*I?A IIEIAeOIAI OE?EUeIIAI A?EO

A I?IOeAN? IAA*AIIss ONIIAI AIAEIIIAIIAI NI?EEOAAIIss

13.00.02 – oai??y oa iaoiaeeea iaa/aiiy: aa?iainuee? iiae

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a – 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia o Ee?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio e?iaa?noe/iiio oi?aa?neoao?.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: eaiaeeaeao iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

*aeaeue Aaeeia Noaiai?aia, Ee?anueeee aea?aeaaiee e?iaa?noe/iee
oi?aa?neoao, i?ioani? eaoaae?e ?ioi?iaoeee oa oaoiieia?e iaa/aiiy

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Ieaoioiee Aaneeue Iaea?iae/, eaai?aoi??y iaoiaeeee ?iicaiieo iia
?inoeoooo iaaeaaia?ee AII Oe?a?ie, aieiaiee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

eaiaeeaeao iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, Eieii??oeue Na?oeaia Naiai?aia,

Iaoe?iiaeueiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao Oe?a?ie «EI?», aeioeaio eaoaae?e

?iicaiieo iia ? 1

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Aei?i?iiao?ianueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?ne-
oao cae?cie/iiai o?ainii?oo, eaoaae?a ?iicaiieo iia.

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny » 25 ” o?aaiy 1999 ?. i 10 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? A/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.054.01 ii i?enoaeaeaiith
iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a/eaiaeeaeaoa iaoe o Ee?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio
e?iaa?noe/iiio oi?aa?neoao? I?iina?oe Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 252650, i.
Ee?a, aoe. Aaeeea Aaneeuee?anueea, 73.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue a a?ae?ioaoe? Ee?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai e?iaa?noe/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo (252650, i. Ee?a. aoe. Aaeeea
Aaneeuee?anueea, 73).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 24 ea?oiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoeiae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E.I. Ni?eyeiaa

Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy. C iiceoe?e aea?aeaaii? iiaii? iie?oeee
iaa/aiiy ?iicaiieo iia o ii/aoeia?e oeie? ? iaeiei ?c i??i?eoao?a
no/anii? ina?oe (I.I. Aao, E.A. Ae?eoi, A.A. Iioeia, I.ss. Naa/aiei).
sse ooiaeaiaio oe?eueiiai eo?no c ?iicaiii? iiae ?aii? iaa/aiiy oeueiai
i?aaeiaoa iiaeiii a?aeaeaaoe nooo?a? no?aoaa?/i? e?i?? aaciaiai eo?no,
ia?aaeon?i eiai i???ioaoe?th ia aca?iiiia’ycaia iaa/aiiy iiae ?
eoeueoo?e ia?iaeo-iin?y oe??? iiae, ia cae?eniaiiy ina?oe, aeoiaaiiy ?
?icaeoeo iniaenoino? (N.TH. I?eiea?aa, 1998).

Caniaii ?aae?caoe?? oaei? i???ioaoe?? c o?aooaaiiyi iaaeaaiue oai???
eiioi?eaoeaiino? (?.E. A?i, I.Ae. Aaeueneiaa, A.E. Neaee?i, N. Brooks,
H. Brown, C. Brumfit, M. Canale, A. Halliday, S. Savignon, M. Swain, J.
Valdes, J. Van Ek oa ?i.) ia? noaoe oi?ioaaiiy nioe?ieoeueoo?ii?
eiiiaoaioe?? o/i?a, oiaoi e?iaaie?a?iiciaa/eo oa e?a?iiciaa/eo ciaiue
aai nenoaie oyaeaiue i?i iniiai? iaoe?iiaeuei? o?aaeeoe??, cae/a? oa
?aae?? e?a?ie, iiaa yei? aea/a?oueny, a oaeiae nenoaie iaae/ie oa ai?iue
ocaiaeaeoaaoe naith iiaaae?ieo ca?aeii c oeeie ciaiiyie.

Nioe?ieoeueoo?ia eiiiaoaioe?y (NEE) ? iaa?ae’?iiei neeaaeieeii
eiioi?eaoeaii? eiiiaoaioe??. A oiiaao ?ioa?iaoe?iiae?caoe?? an?o
aniaeo?a noni?eueiiai aeeooy cia/aiiy NEE aeey nioe?ae?caoe?? no/anieo
oeiey??a, ? i?aeaioiaee ?o aei ni?eeoaaiiy ia i?aeeoeueoo?iiio ??ai?
aaaeei ia?aioe?ieoe.

Aiae?c niaoe?aeueii? e?oa?aoo?e, ?acoeueoaoe niinoa?aaeaiue oa
aieaooaaiiy 263 o/i?a iieiaeoiai oe?eueiiai a?eo na?ae/aoue i?i
ia?niaeoeai?noue ?aiiueiai aoaio aeey oi?ioaaiiy NEE. Iaiao?aei?noue
caeo/aiiy ae?oae aei iiai? eoeueoo?e coiiaeaia ia?ainieneaiiyi ?
na?oiaei aeciaiiyi oai??? eoeueoo?ii-?noi?e/iiai ?icaeoeo iniaenoino?
E.N. Aeaionueeiai. Aeey iaoeiaiai iaa?oiooaaiiy iaoiaeeee ?aiiueiai
oi?ioaaiiy NEE ?nio? iaaia iaoiaeieia?/ia, oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia aaca:
1) ?ic?iaeaiee a ?one? e?iaaie?a?iiciaa/i? oai??? neiaa ?.I. Aa?auaa?ia
oa A.A. Einoiia?iaa e?iaa?noe/iee ?ino?oiaioa??e, ?aeaaaioiee ? aeey
aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeai oe?eueiiai e?iaaie?a?iiciaanoaa (E.A.
Aine?anainueea, I.Ae. ?aeoooaei, A.Ae. Oiiao?i); 2) noai?aia
aoiai?noe/ia eiioeaioe?y ?aiiueiai iaa/aiiy ?iicaiii? iiae c
a?aeiia?aeiith iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?iith i???ioaoe??th (N.A. ?iiai); 3)
?ic?iaeai? e?eoa??? a?aeai?o aiaeiiiaiiai iaoa??aeo c
iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?iei eiiiiiaioii, a oaeiae aeaye? i?eeiie
?aoe?iiae?caoe?? i?ioeaaeo?e a?aeai?o inoaiiueiai aeey ii/aoeiaeo eean?a
(I.Ae. Aaeuenueeiaa, E.A. *aioeiaa, A.N. E?aneeueieeiaa, I.I. *aeieeiaa,
C.I. Ieeeoaiei, I.I. In?yiiaa); 4) iaoeiai iaa?oioiaai? ieoaiiy
iioeaaoe??, a?aeai?o ci?noo ? i?eeii?a ?iaioe c e?iaaie?a?iiciaa/eie
iaeeieoeyie iiae ia na?aaeiueiio ? noa?oiio nooiaiyo caaaeueiiina?oiuei?
oeiee, ye?, c oi/ee ci?o ianooiiino? oe?eueiiai eo?no, iiaeooue noaoe o
i?eaiae? ? aeey ?ic?iaee aiaeia?/ieo ieoaiue noiniaii ?aiiueiai aoaio
(I.I. A??yi, I.I. A?aaeiee, A.A. E?oiei, AE.ss. Eiianiaa, I.I.
Iaoaaeiaa, I.A. Iaa?aiei, I.I. Naeaiiae/ oa ?i.)

Iacaaaeath/e ia ie?ai? oni?oe, oai?aoe/i? iniiae i?iaeaie ?aiiueiai
oi?ioaaiiy NEE ua caeeoathoueny i?aeoe/ii ia aeine?aeaeaieie. sse ?
aein?, iaia? iiaii? yniino? a ieoaiiyo no?oeoo?e ? ci?noo
nioe?ieoeueoo?iiai i?i?ioio aeey ii/aoeiai? oeiee, ia ?ic?iaeaia
iaoiaeeea oi?ioaaiiy NEE o/i?a iieiaeoiai oe?eueiiai a?eo. I?ae?o/ieee
aeey ii/aoeiai? oeiee iaa/athoue aiae?enueei? iiai ia?aaaaeii ia ?aae?yo
??aeii? eoeueoo?e. Aiie ia caaacia/ai? iaiao?aeiei i?i?ioiii
aoeeaoii-ocoaeueieo oi?ioe ni?eeoaaiiy ? iaai?ii neooaoe?e aeey
iiaeaethaaiiy aca?iiae?e oe?a?inueeeo ae?oae c ?o aiaeiiiaieie
?iaanieeaie. Caaaeaiiy oe?eani?yiiaaii? ?iaioe iaae eoeueoo?ith iiaeaiiy
acaaae? ia noaaeoueny, ine?eueee oe? i?ae?o/ieee “i?i?”, aiie ia
caaacia/ai? aaoaioe/ieie aoaeeoeaieie iaoa??aeaie.

?acoeueoaoe aieaooaaiiy 537 a/eoae?a Aeiiaoeueei? iaeano?, aeiiiaiai?
aiae?cii iaa/aeueiiai i?ioeano a ii/aoeiaeo eeanao, oaeiae na?ae/aoue
i?i iaaaeueio iaiao?aei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeaie oi?ioaaiiy NEE
ae?oae iieiaeoiai oe?eueiiai a?eo ? noai?aiiy iaa/aeueieo iin?aiee?a
aeey a/eoae?a oa o/i?a, a yeeo nioe?ieoeueoo?iee aniaeo io?eiaa ae
iaiao?aeia ao?eaiiy. Iiia?aaei? aeai? i?i aaeeeee iioaioe?ae (ina?oi?e,
i?aeoe/iee, aeoiaiee, ?icaeaath/ee) oeueiai i?aeoiaeo aeathoue i?aenoaao
niiae?aaoenue, ui ?ica’ycaiiy iinoaaeaieo i?iaeai aoaea ni?eyoe
aoiai?caoe?? oa aoiai?oa?ecaoe?? i?ioeano iaa/aiiy aiaeiiiaiiai
ni?eeoaaiiy, eiai iioei?caoe?? ? aoaea noeioethaaoe i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy
ina?oe, ?icaeoeo e aeoiaaiiy o/i?a.

Ioaea iayai?noue cacia/aieo aeua i?iaeai ? coiiaeth? aeooaeuei?noue oaie
aeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? nioe?ieoeueoo?iee aniaeo i?ioeano iaa/aiiy
oniiai aiaeiiiaiiai ni?eeoaaiiy ae?oae iieiaeoiai oe?eueiiai a?eo.

I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? iaoiaeeea oi?ioaaiiy NEE iieiaeoeo oeiey??a
o i?ioean? iaa/aiiy oniiai aiaeiiiaiiai ni?eeoaaiiy.

A?iioaca aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a oiio, ui cai?iaaaeaeaiiy aaoi?nueei?
oaoiieia?? oi?ioaaiiy NEE o ae?oae iieiaeoiai oe?eueiiai a?eo caaacia/o?
oiiae aeey caaeainiaaii? oa aa?iii?eii? ?aae?caoe?? i?aeoe/iiai,
caaaeueiiina?oiueiai ? aeoiaiiai aniaeo?a iaa/aiiy iniia oniiai
aiaeiiiaiiai ni?eeoaaiiy ia aeaiaioa?iiio i?aeeoeueoo?iiio ??ai?. Aeaia
oaoiieia?y a?aeiia?aea? aeiiaai no/aniiai iaoiaee/iiai noaiaea?oo ? ?
iioeiaeueiith aeey oe?e?niiai iniaeno?niiai ?inoo o/iy ii/aoeiai? oeiee.

Iaoith aeine?aeaeaiiy ? iaa?oiooaaiiy oa ?ic?iaea iaoiaee/ii? nenoaie
oi?ioaaiiy NEE o/i?a iieiaeoiai oe?eueiiai a?eo o i?ioean? iaa/aiiy
oniiai aiaeiiiaiiai ni?eeoaaiiy.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe iaiao?aeii aoei ae??oeoe oae?
caaaeaiiy:

r aeine?aeeoe aeo?aei? iaoiaeieia?/i? iieiaeaiiy;

r aeyaeoe oa iaa?oiooaaoe oaeoi?e oni?oiino? oi?ioaaiiy NEE o ae?oae
iieiaeoiai oe?eueiiai a?eo;

r aecia/eoe ? noi?ioethaaoe oe?e? ? i?eioeeie oi?ioaaiiy NEE o ae?oae
aeaiiai a?eo;

r ?icaeyiooe ci?no nioe?ieoeueoo?iiai aniaeoo iaa/aiiy ni?eeoaaiiy a
ii/aoeia?e oeie?;

r anoaiiaeoe i?ioeaaeo?o a?aeai?o iaeeieoeue nioe?ieoeueoo?ii?
?ioi?iaoe?? ? canoinoaaoe ?? c iaoith aecia/aiiy iaiao?aeiiai
nioe?ieoeueoo?iiai i?i?ioio;

r ?ic?iaeoe oaoiieia?th ?aiiueiai oi?ioaaiiy NEE ia iniia? a?ae?a?aiiai
iaa/aeueiiai iaoa??aeo;

r aenia?eiaioaeueii ia?aa??eoe aoaeoeai?noue ?ic?iaeaii? iaoiaeeee.

r noai?eoe ia iniia? aaoi?nuee?e oaoiieia?? oi?ioaaiiy NEE eiiieaeo
iin?aiee?a aeey ii/aoeiai? oeiee ? i?aeaeaoe eiai aeine?aei?e ia?aa?oe?.

O i?ioean? ae??oaiiy oeeo caaea/ aoee aeei?enoai? oae? iaoiaee
aeine?aeaeaiiy: e?eoe/iee aiae?c e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae c iaoiaeeee,
ineoieia??, iaaeaaia?ee, e?iaa?noeee; aiae?c i?ia?ai, i?ae?o/iee?a,
iaa/aeueieo iin?aiee?a, neiaiee?a, o oiio /ene? aaoaioe/ieo; iaoeiai
o?eniaaia niinoa?aaeaiiy ca iaa/aeueiei i?ioeanii; ocaaaeueiaiiy
iiceoeaiiai aeina?aeo ?iaioe a/eoae?a, aeaniiai aeina?aeo iaa/aiiy
ae?oae aiae?enueei? iiae, a oaeiae aeina?aeo iaaeaaia?a Oai?ueie oa
Aaeeei? A?eoai?? a oeueiio iai?yi?; aan?aea c iaaeaaiaaie-iin?yie
aiae?enueei? iiae (?ioi?iaioaie); aieaooaaiiy o/i?a oa a/eoae?a;
aeine?aeia iaa/aiiy; aenia?eiaio.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy coiiaeth?oueny oei, ui a iueiio aia?oa a
eiioaeno? caeiaooe?a oai??e eiioi?eaoeaiino?, oe?eueiiai
e?iaaie?a?iiciaanoaa, aoiai?noe/ii? iaaeaaia?ee ? ia iniia? oai?aoe/ii
iaa?oioiaaii? oa i?aeoe/ii ia?aa??aii? iaoiaee/ii? nenoaie ae??oo?oueny
i?iaeaia oi?ioaaiiy NEE o/i?a iieiaeoiai oe?eueiiai a?eo o i?ioean?
iaa/aiiy ?o iniia oniiai iiaeaii?aiai ni?eeoaaiiy.

Oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a oiio, ui a iueiio iaoeiai
iaa?oioiaaia aeioe?euei?noue ?aiiueiai oi?ioaaiiy NEE, noi?ioeueiaai?
oe?e? ? i?eioeeie cae?eniaiiy oeueiai i?ioeano, cai?iiiiiaaia
i?ioeaaeo?a a?aeai?o nioe?ieoeueoo?iiai iaa/aeueiiai iaoa??aeo aeey
ii/aoeiai? oeiee, ?ic?iaeaiee oaiaoe/iee aoean NEE iieiaeoiai oeiey?a,
aecia/aiee i?i?ioi iaa/aeueiiai iaoa??aeo aeey ?aiiueiai oi?ioaaiiy NEE,
?ic?iaeai? oaoiieia?y ?iaioe c iaeeieoeyie nioe?ieoeueoo?ii?
?ioi?iaoe??, a oaeiae caniae ?o nenoaiaoecaoe?? ca aeiiiiiaith caaea/ ye
no?oeoo?ieo iaeeieoeue o?ieo, cai?iiiiiaai? iiaeae? oeiiaeo iaa/aeueieo
caaea/ ?c nioe?ieoeueoo?iei eiiiiiaioii ? aeiaaaeaii ?o cia/aiiy aeey
iioei?caoe?? i?ioeano ieaioaaiiy o?ieo oa oi?ioaaiiy NEE o/i?a
ii/aoeiai? oeiee.

I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue aeaii? ?iaioe iieyaa?: o iiaeeeaino? canoinoaaiiy
?? oai?aoe/ieo caeiaooe?a o eo?n? iaoiaee/ii? i?aeaioiaee nooaeaio?a
e?iaa?noe/ieo aoc?a, a oaeiae iaaeaaia?/ieo eieaaeae?a c aeiaeaoeiaith
eaae?o?eaoe??th “a/eoaeue aiae?enueei? iiae ii/aoeiaeo eean?a”, o
eiie?aoieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?yo ? oaoiieia?? iaa/aiiy nioe?ieoeueoo?iiai
aniaeoo ni?eeoaaiiy aiae?enueeith iiaith, ?aae?ciaaieo o IIE aeey
ii/aoeiai? oeiee “Wonderland” (“English for Young Learners”),
neeaaeieeaie yeiai ?: eieaeea aeey a/eoaey, i?ae?o/iee ? ?iai/? cioeoe
aeey ae?oae oa caoeiaee noi?ia?ae, a oaeiae o I?ia?ai? eo?n?a oaoiai?
ia?ai?aeaioiaee a/eoae?a ?c i?aaii ?aiiueiai aeeeaaeaiiy aiae?enueei?
iiae.1 

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy oa ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy a?aeia?aaeai? a 5 noaooyo aaoi?a, o 6 oacao, o IIE
“Wonderland” (o ni?aaaoi?noa?). Aiie aeiiia?aeaeenue oa iaaiai?thaaeenue
ia ui??/ieo iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo Ai?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
iaae?inoeoooo ?iicaiieo iia (AAeI??I) o 1993-1997 ?ieao, ia
i?aeia?iaeieo eiioa?aioe?yo “Iiaa, ina?oa oa iia? ?ioi?iaoe?ei?
oaoiieia??” (1995), “New Teachers for the New Century” (1996) o
Ee?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio e?iaa?noe/iiio oi?aa?neoao?, ia i?aeia?iaeiiio
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iiio nai?ia?? “English Teacher Training: Phonology and
Communicative Phonetics” (1996, Ee?a), ia tha?eaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? Ee?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai e?iaa?noe/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo
(1998), ia caiyooyo oaeoeueoaoeao “?aii? iaa/aiiy aiae?enueei? iiae” c?
nooaeaioaie AAeI??I (1995-1998), ia eo?nao oaoiai? ia?ai?aeaioiaee
a/eoae?a aiae?enueei? iiae, ye? i?iaiaeeeenue ca i?ia?aiith aaoi??a N.A.
?iiai, E.I. Ooae?ii?, I.I. Eieii?iiai? (Ai?e?aea: AAeI??I, Aeiiaoeueeee
iaeaniee ?inoeooo i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe (AeI?II) a/eoae?a (1995-1998),
ia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo nai?ia?ao aeey a/eoae?a aiae?enueei? iiae i.
Ee?aa, Ee?anueei? oa Aeiiaoeueei? iaeanoae (1997-1998).

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, o?ueio
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae oa aeiaeaoe?a.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? aeine?aeaeothoueny aeo?aei? iaoiaeieia?/i? iieiaeaiiy
aeey ?ic?iaee iaoiaeeee oi?ioaaiiy NEE o/i?a iieiaeoiai oe?eueiiai a?eo,
a oaeiae oaeoi?e iaiao?aeiino? oa oni?oiino? cae?eniaiiy oeueiai
i?ioeano.

Iaoiaeieia?th aeine?aeaeaiiy aecia/athoue: 1) iieiaeaiiy oai???
eiioi?eaoeaiino? i?i eiioi?eaoeaio eiiiaoaioe?th ye iaoo ? ci?no
no/aniiai iaa/aiiy ?iicaiii? iiae, a oiio /ene? e ia ?aiiueiio aoai?, oa
NEE ye aaaeeeao noaeaoaai??th eiioi?eaoeaii? eiiiaoaioe??; 2) iieiaeaiiy
o?einio?? oa e?iaa?noeee i?i noni?eueio i?e?iaeo iiae; 3) iieiaeaiiy
e?iaaie?a?iiciaanoaa i?i iaiao?aei?noue caaacia/aiiy ?aae?caoe?? oaeeo
noni?eueieo ooieoe?e iiae o i?ioean? iaa/aiiy ni?eeoaaiiy, ye
eiioi?eaoeaia, aee?aeoeaia (oi?ioth/a iniaeno?noue) ? eoioeyoeaia, yea
iia’ycaia c iniaeea?noth iiae cae??iethaaoe ? a?aeaeaaoe o nai?o oi?iao
oa iaeeieoeyo ieioeee ? no/aniee noai eoeueoo?e, i?ciaiiy yeeo
iiina?aaeeiao?oueny iiaith, 4) iieiaeaiiy e?iaaie?a?iiciaanoaa i?i
cia/aiiy aoi?eiii? aeoeueoo?aoe?? aeey iaaoooy caeaoiino? ni?eeoaaoeny
ia i?aeeoeueoo?iiio ??ai?.

O ca’yceo c aaaeeea?noth ?icaeoeo aeaieo ooieoe?e, ia?aaeon?i
eoioeyoeaii?, ? c iaeyaeo ia cia/aiiy aoi?eiii? aeoeueoo?aoe?? aeey
?icaeoeo caeaoiino? ni?eeoaaoeny ia i?aeeoeueoo?iiio ??ai?, iaaoaa? aaae
nioe?ieoeueoo?iee aniaeo aeeeaaeaiiy iiae, iaoe?eaiee ia oi?ioaaiiy
iaiao?aeieo oiiiaeo ciaiue ? iaa/aiiy iiaeaii?aiai aoeeaoo.

Iaoiaeieia?/ii aaaeeeaith aeey aeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? i?iaeaia ii/aoeo
iaa/aiiy ?iicaiii? iiae, yea ?icaeyaea?oueny ?.I. Ceiiueith, I.I.
Eaiioue?aei, A.I. Ieaoioieeii, A.A. ?iaiaith, ?.I. Aa?auaa?iith oa
?ioeie a/aieie.

Ocaaaeueiaiiy ??cieo i?aeoiae?a iieaco?, ui aea?? ii/aoeo ?aiiueiai
iaa/aiiy ?iicaiii? iiae ? a?aeiia?aeii oi?ioaaiiy NEE (ia?oee aai
ae?oaee eean) caeaaeeoue cia/iith i??ith a?ae ??aiy eiioi?eaoeaiiai
?icaeoeo o/i?a o aaeoc? ??aeii? iiae (oa?i?iieia?y ?.I. Ceiiuei?). Eiai
iieacieeaie, ca aeaieie ?.I. Ceiiuei? oa iaoeo oano?a, aenooiathoue:
ianya neiaieea ??aeii? iiae, ??aaiue canai?iiy iiaieo i?aaee, ??aaiue
aieiae?iiy onieie oi?iaie ni?eeoaaiiy, oaoi?eith /eoaiiy oa ienueia,
??aaiue ?icaeoeo ??cieo aeae?a iai’yo?, iaoai?ci?a ieneaiiy, a oiio
/ene? e ?aoeaen??, i?ciaaaeueieo ?ioa?an?a, caaaeueiiai e?oaici?o.

Eiioi?eaoeaiee ?icaeoie o/iy ia ??aei?e iia? ye iii?o aeey oi?ioaaiiy
NEE ? eiioi?eaoeaii? eiiiaoaioe?? a ?iicaii?e iia? aeioe?eueii
?icaeyaeaoe a caaaeueiiio eiioaeno? nioe?ae?caoe?? aeeoeie. Aaeaea
aeaiee i?ioean, ca?aeii oai??? eoeueoo?ii-?noi?e/iiai ?icaeoeo ineo?ee
ethaeeie E.N. Aeaionueeiai, ni?ey? ia o?eueee ?? ineo?/iiio ?icaeoeo,
aea e canai?iith aeeoeiith a?aeiia?aeii? iaoe?iiaeueii? eoeueoo?e. Inue
/iio ane?ae ca I.I. Eaiioue?aei noai?aiiy oiia aeey nioe?ae?caoe??
iieiaeoiai oeiey?a ne?ae ?icaeyaeaoe ye iaeia c ae??oaeueieo
ineoieia?/ieo caaaeaiue ?aiiueiai iaa/aiiy ?iicaiii? iiae ? a?aeiia?aeii
?aiiueiai oi?ioaaiiy NEE o/i?a iieiaeoiai oe?eueiiai a?eo.

Aeioe?euei?noue oa oni?oi?noue ?aiiueiai oi?ioaaiiy NEE coiiaeai?
ieceith oaeoi??a.

Ineoieia?/i? oaeoi?e a?aoiaothoue oae? a?eia? caeiiii??iino? o/i?a: 1)
a?aee?eo?noue iieiaeoeo oeiey??a aei ni?eeoaaiiy (E.N. Aeaionueeee, ?.I.
Ceiiy oa ?i.); 2) naiceoeai?noue aei canai?iiy ?iicaiii? iiae (O.I.
Aiiiaoa?e?, I.A. ?ia-aeaaeca, ?. Iaio?eae, I.A. Nooieooeueea oa ?i.); 3)
/ooeea?noue ae?oae oeueiai a?eo aei iiaecie (Ae.A. Aeueeii?i, I.N.
Eaeoan); 4) a?aenooi?noueo ieo, ia a?aei?io a?ae i?aee?oe?a ? aei?ineeo,
oia?aaeaeaiue, iaaaoeaieo noa?aioei?a uiaei ?ioeo ia?iae?a, aioo??oiy
noeeuei?noue aei i?aeeoeueoo?ii? eiioi?eaoe?? (A. Oee?a?, A.A. Ae?iiia,
H. Fennes, K. Hapgood); 5) ?ioa?an aei na?oo naiai
aiaeiiiaiiai ?iaanieea, eiai ?ai?, caoiieaiue, noa?aioei?a iiaaae?iee,
aei ?aae?e aeeoy/i? noaeoeueoo?e Aaeeei? A?eoai??, NOA, ui cana?ae/aii
?acoeueoaoaie iaoiai aieaooaaiiy 263 iieiaeoeo oeiey??a, a oaeiae
aiae?cii e?oa?aoo?e (?.E. A?i, A.I. Aeiey, ?.A. Eaca?aaa, L. Cameron, Y.
Cook, M. Szulk-Kurpaska oa ?i.); 6) /ooeea?noue ae?oae oeueiai a?eo aei
nioe?ie?iaa?noe/ieo ithain?a iiaeaiiy (E. Andersen, T.Littlewood); 7)
aei eiai oiiieia?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee (A.?. Aiae???anueea, C.I. Ieeeoaiei,
A.A. ?iaiaa, I.?. Naoa?iaa oa ?i.); 8) aei iiaeaii?aiai aoeeaoo (A.I.
O?eaoia, O. Dunn, S. Haliwell).

Aeeaeaeoe/i? oaeoi?e coiiaeai? oei, ui ?iaioa c iaoa??aeii, yeee
a?aeaeaa? nioe?aeueii-eoeueoo?i? iniaeeaino? e?a?ie aeo/oaaii? iiae,
?icoe?th? ?ioi?iaoe?eiee oii o?ieo ? oei naiei ooai?th? /eiiee, yeee, a
?one? oai??? iioei?caoe?? o?ieo TH.E. Aaaainueeiai, ia? iicia/eoeny ia
ona?aeiieaii? o/iyie nai?o iaa/aeueieo ae?e ? nooo?ai i?enei?eoe oaii
inoaii?o. Aaeeeee caaaeueiiina?oi?e oa aeoiaiee iioaioe?ae
nioe?ieoeueoo?iiai aniaeoo aeeeaaeaiiy, aeiaaaeaiee a/aieie (?.E. A?i,
C.I. A?aie?oiaa, I.Ae. Aaeueneiaa, I.A. Iaa?aiei, J.M. Valdes oa ?i.),
noai?th? ?aaeuei? ia?aaeoiiae aeey ?icoe?aiiy e?oaici?o o/i?a,
aecia/aiiy ?o aeeoo?aeo onoaiiaie oa ia?niaeoea a i?ioean? oi?ioaaiiy
NEE, aeey aeoiaaiiy eoeueoo?e iiaaae?iee ? caaaeueii? eoeueoo?e o/iy a
oiae? eiai nioe?ae?caoe?? ? noaiiaeaiiy ye aeoeaiiai noa’?eoa
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai i?ioeano. Ca?aeii ioe?iie aenia?o?a THIANEI,
iaa/aiiy ae?oae ia??aeii? iiae, yea iia’yco?oueny c a?aeiia?aeiith
eoeueoo?ith ? nioe?aeueieie oe?iiinoyie, iiaea ? iiaeiii neoaoaaoe
iiaooi?i caniaii aca?ii?icoi?iiy i?ae ia?iaeaie ( A.?. Ai?ii?ia, H.
Fennes, K. Hapgood).

I?aai?caoe?eii-iaoiaee/i? oaeoi?e coiiaeai? oei, ui iciaeiieaiiy c
iiaith eoeueoo?ith canai?iiy ?? aeaiaio?a aeiaaathoue canoinoaaiiy
neooaoe?e ye? iiaeaeththoue “ae?aeia eoeueoo?” ? ye?, ia aeoieo A.E.
Neaee?ia, O. ??aa?n oa ?ioeo a/aieo, o i?aeoe/iiio ieai? ? a?eueo
oiioeaiaaieie ? a?aeiia?aeii aoaeoeai?oeie. Oi?ioaaiiy NEE ?icoe?th?
iiaeeeaino? aeey ?aiiueiai canoinoaaiiy aaoaioe/ieo iaa/aeueieo
iaoa??ae?a. Aiii aeiaaa? a?aeai?o nioe?ieoeueoo?iiai eaene/iiai i?i?ioio
oa ?ic?iaee i?eeii?a eiai canai?iiy, aae iiaeaiiy o/i?a noaei a?eueo
i?e?iaeiei. Aaoaioe/i?noue iiaeaiiy – iaeia ?c aeiia no/aniiai
iaoiaee/iiai noaiaea?oo iaa/aiiy ?iicaiieo iia o oeie?. Aiii o?nii
iia’ycaia c aaoaioe/i?noth iiaaae?iee, ui oaeiae ? oa?aeoa?iith iciaeith
no/anieo iaoiaee/ieo oyaeaiue (?.I. I?eue?oae). Niaoeeo?ea
nioe?ieoeueoo?iiai iaoa??aeo ii/aoeiaiai aoaio, cie?aia aeeth/aiiy a
iueiai aeaiaio?a oieueeei?o, i?naiue, aeeoy/i? iiac?? oiui, noai?th?
?aaeuei? ia?aaeoiiae aeey ?aae?caoe?? ?aeae aoiai?oa?ecaoe??,
aoiai?ca-oe?? oa ?ioaa?aoeaiino? iaa/aeueiiai i?ioeano (N.A. ?iiai),
ie?aei?noue yeeo aeey ?aoi?ioaaiiy ci?noo ii/aoeiai? ina?oe
aeoeaioo?oueny aeaaeai?eii I.ss. Naa/aiei.

Ioaea a?aooaaiiy cacia/aieo oaeoi??a ia? ni?eyoe noai?aiith neooaoe??
nioe?aeueiiai ?icaeoeo iieiaeoiai oeiey?a caniaaie aeo/oaaii? iiae,
nooo?ai i?aeneeeoe iioeaaoe?th o/?iiy oa iioei?coaaoe i?ioean ?aiiueiai
iaa/aiiy iniia aiaeiiiaiiai ni?eeoaaiiy ia i?aeeoeueoo?iiio ??ai?.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e?, i?enay/aiiio ?ic?iaoe? oaoiieia?? oi?ioaaiiy NEE
o/i?a iieiaeoiai oe?eueiiai a?eo, aeine?aeaeothoueny eiioeaioe aeaii?
oaoiieia??, iaa?oioiaothoueny ?? iaoeia? canaaee ? ?ic?iaeythoueny ??
ci?noia? oa i?ioeanoaeuei? aniaeoe.

Iaoa oi?ioaaiiy NEE o/i?a ii/aoeiaeo eean?a ? ?ioaa?aoeaiith ca nai?i
oa?aeoa?ii. Aiia ia?aaeaa/a? i?aeaioiaeo ae?oae aei aeaiaioa?iiai
ni?eeoaaiiy ia i?aeeoeueoo?iiio ??ai? a iaea?eueo oeiiaeo neooaoe?yo ia
iniia? eiioi?eaoeaiiai i?i?ioio ii/aoeiai? oeiee, yeee iiaeiai aeeth/aoe
iaaiee ianya e?a?iiciaa/eo oa e?iaaie?a?iiciaa/eo ciaiue. ?aae?caoe?y
oe??? iaoe ia? ni?eyoe aa?iii?caoe?? i?ioeano ?aiiueiai iaa/aiiy,
aeoiaaiiy oa ?icaeoeo iniaenoino? o/iy caniaaie aiae?enueei? iiae.

Ci?no NEE iieiaeoeo oeiey??a neeaaeathoue oae? eiiiiiaioe: 1)
nioe?ieoeueoo?i? ciaiiy: a) iiai? (aacaea?aaeaioia oa oiiiaa eaeneea),
a) ciaiiy iaaieo oaeo?a iaoe?iiaeueii? eoeueoo?e (iaoe?iiaeuei? ?aae??,
aoeeao, aeaiaioe oieueeei?o o aeaeyae? eiai iaeeo oi?i); 2) iaae/ee oa
ai?iiy iiaeaii?ai? oa iaiiaeaii?ai? iiaaae?iee.

Oi?ioaaiith NEE ae?oae iathoue ni?eyoe oae? i?eioeeie:
e?iaaie?a?iiciaa/? i?eioeeie: 1) iii?e ia eoioeyoeaio ooieoe?th iiae o
i?ioean? iaa/aiiy iniia ?ioiiiaiiai ni?eeoaaiiy, 2) aoi?eiii?
aeoeueoo?aoe??, 3) oi?ioaaiiy iiceoeaiiai a?aeiioaiiy aei iiae, ui
aea/a?oueny, aei ia?iaeo-iin?y oe??? iiae oa aei eiai eoeueoo?e;
ineoieiai-aeeaeaeoe/i? i?eioeeie: 1) a?aooaaiiy a?eiaeo iniaeeainoae
o/i?a, 2) ni?yiiaaiino? ia ?aae?caoe?th ?aeae aoiai?caoe?? oa
aoiai?oa?ecaoe?? ii/aoeiai? ina?oe; e?iaai-iaoiaee/i? i?eioeeie: 1)
aaoaioe/iino? iaa/aeueieo iaoa??ae?a; 2) o?eieia?caoe?? i?ioeano
?aiiueiai iaa/aiiy ?iicaiii? iiae; aeania iaoiaee/i? i?eioeeie: 1)
eiioi?eaoeaii? ni?yiiaaiino? i?ioeano oi?ioaaiiy NEE, 2) ?ioaineaiino?
ii/aoeiaiai aoaio.

A ?acoeueoao? aiae?co niaoe?aeueii? e?oa?aoo?e (I.I. Aaeuenueea, C.I.
Ieeeoaiei, I.I. In?yiiaa, I.A. *aeeianueea) iaie aoee ia?ai? oae?
e?eoa??? a?aeai?o iaa/aeueiiai iaoa??aeo: 1) eoeueoo?ieia?/ii? oa
e?a?iiciaa/i? oe?iiino?; 2) oeiiaino?; 3) no/aniino? e
caaaeueiia?aeiiino? a na?aaeiaeu? iin??a iiae; 4) /?oei?
aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? c ??aeiith eoeueoo?ith o/i?a; 5) a?aooaaiiy aae?anaoa
a?aeai?o; 6) ooieoe?iiaeueiino?; 7) oaiaoe/iino?. Aoee
oaeiae aeae?eai? e iaeeieoe? a?aeai?o iaoa??aeo, a naia: oiiiaa eaeneea,
?aae??, aoeeaoii-ocoaeuei? oi?ioee ni?eeoaaiiy (ee?oa), oaenoe
e?a?iiciaa/iai oa?aeoa?o.

Aeaea?aeii a?aeai?o iineoaeeee aaoaioe/i? iaoa??aee: aeeoy/ee
aiae?enueeee oieueeei?, ae?aeiae na??? Jazz Chants, ye? i?noyoue oeiia?
iiaeaii?a? oi?ioee ni?eeoaaiiy thieo iin??a aiae?enueei? iiae, neiaieee
aeey ae?oae aeaeaaieoeoaa Oxford University Press i Cambridge University
Press, a?aeaicaiene aeeoy/eo ioeueoo?euei?a aeaeaaieoeoaa AAN.

?aoe?iiae?caoe?? i?ioeaaeo?e a?aeai?o iaa/aeueiiai iaoa??aeo, eiai
i?i?i?caoe?? ni?eya ?ic?iaeaiee iaie oaiaoe/iee aoean nioe?ieoeueoo?ii?
eiiiaoaioe?? iieiaeoiai oeiey?a, oiaoi nenoaiaoeciaaiee ia?ae?e oai ?
i?aeoai-iioea?a, ye? aeeiiothoue iiaea?eio ooieoe?th: 1) aenooiathoue
i???ioe?aie aeey a?aeai?o iaa/aeueiiai iaoa??aeo, 2) iiaeaeththoue
iioaioe?eia ni?eeoaaiiy a iaaeao eiie?aoieo oai ? aecia/aieo noa?
eiioi?eaoe??. Aoean ia?aaeaa/a? aca?iiae?th o/i?a o oaeeo noa?ao
ni?eeoaaiiy, oa?aeoa?ieo aeey aeaiiai a?eo: n?iaeii-iiaooia?e,
iaa/aeueii-o?oaeia?e, nioe?aeueii-eoeueoo?i?e. A?i ioiieth? aea?
i?ia?aei? oaie: 1. I?e aiaeiiiaiee ?iaaniee. 2. E?a?ia, iiao yei? y
aea/ath. Aeai? oaie iiae?eythoueny ia 14 i?aeoai. Eiaeia i?aeoaia
iiae??aith?oueny ia aoae/? i?aeoaie, caaaeueia e?euee?noue yeeo nyaa?
53. Oae, i?aeoaia “?ioa?ane, caoiieaiiy” a iaaeao ia?oi? i?ia?aeii? oaie
ioiieth? oae? a?eueo aocuee? i?aeoaie: 1) ae?oc?, 2) oethaeai? oaa?eie,
3) aeeoy/? ?a?e, 4) ?a?aoee, 5) oethaeai? ia?niiaae? e?ii,
ioeueoo?euei?a, oaeaia?aaea/, 6) oethaeai? eieaeee, 7) eieaeoe?iioaaiiy.
Aei neeaaeo i?aeoaie “Caniae eiioi?eaoe??” a ?aieao ae?oai? i?aeoaie
aoee aeeth/ai? oae? aoae/? i?aeoaie: 1) ii?ie iianyeaeaiiiai
ni?eeoaaiiy, 2) iaaa?aaeuei? aniaeoe ni?eeoaaiiy, 3)
eenooaaiiy, 4) ?iciiaa ii oaeaoiio. Eiaeia i?aeoaia oa ?? ae??ai?o?
neeaaeieee ia?aaeaa/athoue aeania e?iaa?noe/ia caaacia/aiiy.

Ia iniia? ia?aii? i?ioeaaeo?e a?aeai?o aoa io?eiaiee eaene/iee ianea
caaaeueiiai oeio a ianyc? 863 eaene/ieo iaeeieoeue. Aei neeaaeo oeueiai
eaene/iiai nieneo aoei aeeth/aii 35 ?aae?e-aio?iiii?i?a, ia?aaaaeia
a?eueo?noue yeeo – ?iaia ae?oae, 86 aoiia?ao?/ieo ?aae?e (iacae ?a?aoie,
aeeoy/eo oa nii?oeaieo ?ai?, iaeyao, acoooy, ?ae?, iaii?a, a?ioiaeo
iaeeieoeue, nayo, aeaiaio?a aeiae?eey), 34 ?aae?e eoeueoo?e oa ina?oe
(iacae ia?niiaae?a a?aeiieo e?oa?aoo?ieo eacie, oai??a aeey ae?oae,
ioeueoo?euei?a, e?ii, aeaeaoieo ethaeae: ioceeaio?a, aeoi??a,
ienueiaiiee?a oiui, a oaeiae ?aae?e oe?eueiiai aeeooy), 15
?aae?e-oiiii?i?a ( iacae i?no, aoeeoeue, ??/ie), 128 oi?ioe (ee?oa)
iiaeaii?aiai aoeeaoo. Ia ??ai? oaenoo aoei a?ae?a?aii 9 aaoaioe/ieo
ae?aeia?a, 15 iaeeieoeue iaeeo oi?i aeeoy/iai oieueeei?o, 14 oaeno?a
aiae?enueeeo i?naiue aeey ae?oae oa 5 aeeoy/eo a??o?a aiae?enueeeo
aaoi??a.

Ae??oaiiy i?iaeaie a?aeai?o iaa/aeueiiai iaoa??aeo a?aee?eei oeyo aei
iiaoaiiiai cae?eniaiiy aoi?eiii? aeoeueoo?aoe?? ae?oae o i?ioean?
oi?ioaaiiy ?o NEE.

Caniaaie ?aae?caoe?? aeaii? no?aoaa?? neoaeaoue oae? i?eeiie oi?ioaaiiy
NEE:

q e?iaaie?a?iiciaa/? eiiaioa??: 1) ci?noia? eiiaioa?? ?aae?e, oiiiai?
eaeneee, oi?ioe aoeeaoo; 2) ?noi?e/i? eiiaioa??, iniaeeai oa?aeoa?i?
aeey ?iaioe c iaeeie oi?iaie aeeoy/iai aiae?enueeiai oieueeei?o; 3)
ocoaeueii-iiaaae?ieia?, iaoa yeeo — aeaoe oyaeaiiy i?i eiioi?eaoeai?
ae?? a iaea?eueo oeiiaeo neooaoe?yo ni?eeoaaiiy c iin?yie iiae; 4)
noi?uai? eiiaioa??, ye? ia?aaeaa/athoue ??ci? aa??aoe?? cacia/aieo aeua
ae?e;

q o?aioaaeuei? i?eeiie c aeaiaioaie noaanoiiaae??, ye? iathoue
iiaea?eia iaaaioaaeaiiy, – oi?ioaaiiy NEE ? aeiiaii? eoeueoo?e o/i?a.
Oe? i?eeiie aeioe?eueii canoiniaoaaoe i?ae /an i?iaaaeaiiy oiiaoe/ieo
ca?yaeie oa ?iaioe c aaoaioe/ieie ae?aeiaaie. Eaeaoueny i?i a?aeaeaaiiy
?eoio o?ac, ui i?iiiaeythoueny, ci?io iiaeoeyoe?? aieino, ?eoi?/i? ?ooe,
aeei?enoaiiy oiiiai? ioceee c aeaeaciaei neieiiiaaiei ?eoiii aeey
?oeioaaiiy onoaeaieo noa?aioei?a ?eoio ??aeii? iiae;

q i?eeiie aeei?enoaiiy ioce/ii-?eoi?/iiai eiiiiiaioo iaa/aiiy (i?ni?,
aa?ia?ea);

q i?eeiie iaeii/anii? aca?iiae?? o/i?a o oa?aiaao, ui ?ooathoueny, o
“iaoiai?”, a eiiaiaeao, caiice/ai? c ?ioaineaii? iaoiaeeee, a oaeiae o
ia?ao, iaeeo a?oiao;

q ?a?ia? i?eeiie ia aoaiao o?aioaaiiy ? i?aeoeee: eiieo?ne, ciaaaiiy,
?a?e ?ooeea? oa niie?ei? c eiioi?eaoeaiei aai eiai?oeaiei caaaeaiiyi,
?inoeai?aee (a??o?a, i?naiue, noeaiie), ?ieueia? ?a?e;

q i?iaeoeai? i?eeiie, ia?aaaaeii aeey naiino?eii? ?iaioe aaeiia.

?icaeyiaii aeaui aeieeaaei?oa e?iaaie?a?iiciaa/? eiiaioa?? ye
niaoeeo?/i? i?eeiie aeine?aeaeoaaii? oaoiieia??.

O e?iaaie?a?iiciaa/eo ci?noiaeo eiiaioa?yo iiyniththoueny ye eaene/i?
iiiyooy, oae ? eaene/i? oiie. Iai?eeeaae: lunch – ae?oaee ni?aeaiie.
Eiai iaceaathoue eai/ aai eai/ oe?a?inueeith iiaith. Ca /anii a?i
a?aeiia?aea? iaoiio ia?aeo – a?ae 12 aei 15 aiaeei.

Iaoa ocoaeueii-iiaaae?ieiaiai oa ?noi?e/iiai eiiaioa??a — ia o?eueee
?icoeoia/eoe eaene/ia iiiyooy ? oii eiie?aoii? nioe?ieoeueoo?ii?
iaa/aeueii? iaeeieoe?, aea e ?aae?coaaoe a aeinooii?e oa ?icaaaeaeuei?e
oi?i? aeiaeaoeiaa nieneiaa iaaaioaaeaiiy aeoiaiiai aai iioeaaoe?eiiai
oa?aeoa?o.

Iaaaaeaii i?eeeaae aoeeaoii-ocoaeueiiai eiiaioa?y, iaoa yeiai –
aeoeaiooaaoe aa?/eea?noue ye ii?io iiaaae?iee iin??a aiae?enueei? iiae.

O/eoaeue: Ia /a??aiiio ?aeaoiieai? ie ae?ooa?ii aei aiae?enueeeo ae?oae.
I?aeaioo?iiny aei oe??? cono??/?. Aiae?enuee? oeiey?? cae/aeii aeoaea
aa?/eea?. Ae?ciaaoenue, ye aan caooue, aiie iaia’yceiai neaaeooue:
I?ea?o! sse oe iiaeeaa?o (ye ny ia?o)? Hi! How are you? Ci?ithth/e
aiein, ca aeiiiiiaith ia? eyeueie Aeaeaei – Ienaiea, Oii – Aaneeueei
a/eoaeue, iia?e?coth/e naith aeoi?nueeo iaenoa?i?noue, ?ic?a?o? a?ae
?iai? eyeueie noeaieo i?ea?oaiiy, caa?oath/e oaaao ia oa?aeoa?iee aeano
i?ea?oaiiy “Hi! How are you?” (Aeeaenue iaethiie: Wonderland. Pupil’s
Book (I). – E., 1998, P. 32.)

Aeaii i?eeeaae ?noi?e/iiai eiiaioa?y ye ia?ao?aeii? eaiee a?ae
aca?iiae?? a neooaoe?? “We are at the zoo” aei ineoieia?/ii? ?ic?yaeee o
oi?i? eieaeoeaiiai aeeiiaiiy i?naiueee “Hot cross buns”.

O/eoaeue: I?iaoeyiea ii ciiia?eo aoea oe?eaaith oa ei?eniith. Aea ie
o?ioe caieiaei?ee. Aeaaaeoa a?aea?aea?ii eaoa, ii?ii na?aeeo aoei/ie, a
ca?acii iineooa?ii noa?iaeiio aiae?enueeo i?naiueeo “Hot cross buns”.
I?i ui a i?e ni?aa?oueny? Aoei/iee cai?ioo? iieooooaaoe iaeaiueeeo
aoei/ie (buns) c o?anoii (cross) ?c e?aio. A Aiae?? oe? aoei/ee
niiaeeaathoue iaia?aaeiaei? Aaeeeiaeiy. I?e?aeia?iiny aei ni?a?a
aoei/ieea.

Canai?iith iiai? nioe?ieoeueoo?ii? ?ioi?iaoe?? ? caaacia/aiith
iaiao?aeii? yeino? iaae/ie oa ai?iue, ui oi?iothoueny, ni?eythoue: 1)
ieaioaaiiy o?ie?a ye noeaia???a — oyaieo cono??/ae o/i?a c iin?yie iiae,
ia?aaeon?i c ?o aiaeiiiaieie ?iaanieeaie; 2) aiioeaiaaia aeei?enoaiiy
cania?a ?aeaenaoe??: aa?ia?ee, i?naiue, aeaeeaiaoe?? oiui; 3) i?eoiaaieo
oi?i eiio?ieth; 4) a?ao?/ieo iii? o aeaeyae? ciae?a o?aine?eioe??, ui
ni?ey? oi/iino? neooi-aeiiaieo iaae/ie aiai??iiy; 5) e?a?iiciaa/eo
aeiiii?aeieo cania?a (a?coaeueieo, aoaeeoeaieo, aoae?ia?coaeueieo), ye?
i?aeneeththoue ?ethc?th caeo/aiiy aei aaoaioe/iiai iiaeaii?aiai
na?aaeiaeua ? caaacia/othoue iio??aio ye?noue iiaeaii?aeo iaae/ie ?
ai?iue, ui oi?iothoueny.

Caniaii nenoaiaoecaoe?? i?eeii?a oi?ioaaiiy NEE oa iioei?caoe?? oeueiai
i?ioeano aenooia? – ?icai?iooa caaaeaiiy c iaaiei ca?yaeii i?iaeaiiino?,
yea ?aae?co? a?aeiia?aeio nioe?ieoeueoo?io iaoo a eiie?aoieo oiiaao
o?ieo. Iai?eeeaae: iciaeiieoe o/i?a c iiaeie eaene/ieie iaeeieoeyie c
iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?iei eiiiiiaioii ? iaa/eoe iia?oaaoe ieie o
aeaniiio iiaeaii? ia ??ai? o?ace (iaaeo?aciai? ?aeiino?) aai: iciaeiieoe
o/i?a c iiaeie oi?ioeaie iiaeaii?aiai aoeeaoo … ? iaa/eoe
canoiniaoaaoe oe? oi?ioee o aeaniiio iiaeaii? ia iniia? ae?aiaoecaoe??
o?aaiaioa aaoaie/iiai ioeueoo?eueio oiui.

Aeaia caaaeaiiy ? no?oeoo?iith iaeeieoeath o?ieo. A i?ioean? eiai
aeeiiaiiy iiaeia aeae?eeoe o?e aoaie: niiioeaeueii-iioeaaoe?eiee,
iniiaiee, aai aeeiiaa/ee, a oaeiae ocaaaeueithth/ee. Ia i?aenoaa?
?iaa??aioiino? ae?e a caaaeaiiyo c nioe?ieoeueoo?iei iaaaioaaeaiiyi iaie
aoee ?ic?iaeai? iiaeae? oeiiaeo caaaeaiue o?ieo, i?aai?ciaaieo ia
iaoa??ae?: 1) eaeneee c eoeueoo?iei eiiiiiaioii, 2) aaoaioe/ieo
ae?aeia?a, 3) c?ace?a iaeeo oi?i aeeoy/iai aiae?enueeiai oieueeei?o, 4)
aeeoy/i? iiac??, 5) i?naiue, 6) o?aaiaio?a aaoaioe/ieo ioeueoo?euei?a.
Oei naiei aoee noai?ai? oiiae aeey caaacia/aiiy a/eoae?a nenoaiith
i???ioe??a oi?ioaaiiy NEE iieiaeoeo oeiey??a ? ia?aoai?aiiy oeueiai
i?ioeano ia aiioeaiaaiee, oe?eani?yiiaaiee, iia?aoe?eii-aeaoa?i?iiaaiee
? aiaeii/an a?aee?eoee aeey oai?/i? iiaeeo?eaoe?? i?ioean.

I?aeoaa?aeeii neacaia i?eeeaaeii iiaeae? iaa/aeueiiai caaaeaiiy.

Iiaeaeue i?aai?caoe?? iciaeiieaiiy o/i?a c iiaith oaiaoe/iith eaeneeith
c iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?iei eiiiiiaioii oa oniiai o?aioaaiiy a
iia?oaaii? aeaieie eaene/ieie iaeeieoeyie o iiaeaii? ia ??ai? o?ace
(iaaeo?aciai? ?aeiino?)

1. Oi?ioethaaiiy eiioi?eaoeaiiai caaaeaiiy, noeioeyoe?y ?ioa?ano:
cacia/aiiy noa?e aaeeaaiiy iiai? eaeneee. Iai?eeeaae: “Oai? aiae?enuee?
ae?oc? cai?ineee oaaa ia i?iaoeyieo a ciiiaaacei/ciiia?e. I?aeaioo?iinue
aei oe??? cono??/?.

2. Aaaaeaiiy iiai? eaeneee a iiaeaii?aiio c?aceo (?a/aii?) o
a?aeiia?aei?e neooaoe?? ia iniia? aea/aieo no?oeoo?.

3. Iiyniaiiy eaene/iiai iaoa??aeo: a) naiaioecaoe?y eaeneee ca
aeiiiiiaith e?iaaie?a?iiciaa/eo eiiaioa??a: ci?noiaeo (iai?eeeaae, a pet
– oethaeaia oaa?eia, yeo aeiaeyaeathoue c ethaia’th oa eaneith, (a dog,
a cat or a hamster), ocoaeueii-iiaaae?ieiaeo, ci?oaieo oa cania?a
oiai/iaiiy, a) iciaeiieaiiy c oi?iith neiaa (oiiaoe/iith, a?ao?/iith,
a?aiaoe/iith), a) aeaiiino?aoe?y iiaeeeainoae ca’yceo iaaii? eaene/ii?
iaeeieoe? c ?ioeie neiaaie.

4. Eiio?ieue canai?iiy naiaioeee iiai? eaeneee.

5. Aeeiiaiiy o?aioaaeueieo ai?aa c eiie?aoieie eiioi?eaoeaieie aai
i?ciaaaeueii-i?aeoe/ieie caaaeaiiyie: a) ia ?i?oaoe?th, a) ia
i?aenoaiiaeo, a) ia o?ainoi?iaoe?th, a) ia caaa?oaiiy aeneiaethaaiiy,
ae) ia eiai ?icoe?aiiy, n) ?icaaaeoaaiiy e?inai?ae?a,
/aeiai?ae?a oa aeeiiaiiy ?ioeo ?a?iaeo ai?aa.

I?ei?oea: Iaa?? ai?aa o/eoaeue aecia/a? a?aeiia?aeii aei oiia
iaaeaaia?/ii? neooaoe??, aea iaia’yceiaei ? oiiaoe/ia ii?aoethaaiiy
iiai? eaeneee.

6. Naiino?ei? aeneiaethaaiiy o/i?a c iii?ith ia iai/i?noue.

7. Naiino?ei? aeneiaethaaiiy o/i?a c aeei?enoaiiyi iiai? eaeneee a
neooaoe?yo aai ?a?ao, eiieo?nao, ciaaaiiyo, cai?iiiiiaaieo o/eoaeai.

8. I?aeaeooy i?aenoie?a ?iaioe: ioe?iea iaa/aeueii-iiaeaii?ai?
ae?yeueiino? o/i?a, iciaeiieaiiy c eiioi?eaoeaiith ia?niaeoeaith
ianooiii? ?iaioe.

?icaeyae cacia/aieo aeua ieoaiue iieacaa, ui iaoiaeeea oi?ioaaiiy NEE
iieiaeoeo oeiey??a ? oe?e?niith iaoiaee/iith nenoaiith. ??
cai?iaaaeaeaiiy o ianiao oe?eueio i?aeoeeo aeiaaa? eiioeaiooaeueii
iiaiai i?ae?o/ieea. sse i?e?iiiaeaeue no/aniiai iaoiaee/iiai noaiaea?oo
?aiiueiai iaa/aiiy ?iicaiii? iiae ia i?aeeoeueoo?iiio ??ai? (N.A. ?iiai)
aeaiee i?ae?o/iee iiaeiai: 1) a?aeaeaaoe iaoiaee/io i???ioaoe?th ia
iaa/aiiy iiae ye caniao ni?eeoaaiiy ? niiniao caeo/aiiy aei
a?aeiia?aeii? eoeueoo?e, 2) ?aae?ciaoaaoe aoiai?oa?ecaoe?th ci?noo
iaa/aiiy, 3) iniaeno?nii-?icaeaath/ee i?aeo?ae aei iaa/aiiy o/i?a, 4)
?ioaa?aoeai?noue oa ?ioaineai?noue iaa/aeueiiai i?ioeano, 5) aeinoaoith
oaoiieia?/i?noue iaoa??ae?a aeey naiino?eii? oai?/i? ?iaioe o/i?a, 6)
noai?thaaoe oiiae aeey oi?ioaaiiy aeiiaii? eoeueoo?e o/i?a ye iaei??? c
aaaeeeaeo neeaaeiaeo iiai? iaoe?iiaeueii? eoeueoo?e.

C iaeyaeo ia aeai? aeiiae ? caeiaooee i?aeoe/iiai ieaio iaie o
ni?aaaoi?noa? c N.A. ?iiai oa A.N. *aeaeue aoa ?ic?iaeaiee IIE
“Wonderland” (English for Young Learners).Caeeaaeaia a iueiio iaoiaee/ia
nenoaia iaea ni?eyoe ?ica’ycaiith i?iaeaie ?aiiueiai oi?ioaaiiy NEE
o/i?a. Aea oea aeiaaaei ai?iaaoe?? IIE, ui coiiaeei iaeio ?c oe?eae
o?aoueiai ?icae?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? iieno?oueny aenia?eiaioaeueia ia?aa??ea
cai?iiiiiaaii? oaoiieia??, yea iaea nooiaiaaee oa?aeoa?. Ia
i?aeaioia/iio aoai? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeaie ?? aoei ?aae?ciaaii o oi?i?
aeine?aeiiai iaa/aiiy a iicaoeieueieo oiiaao, iai?ee?ioe? iniiaiiai – o
oi?i? eiinoaioiiai iaa/ath/iai aenia?eiaioo o oeie?. ?acoeueoaoe
aenia?eiaioaeueii? ia?aa??ee aeiiiaithaaeeny aeaieie aeine?aeii?
ia?aa??ee IIE “Wonderland” (English for Young Learners) a 10 oeieao
Aeiiaoeueei? iaeano?. I?iaaaeaiith aeine?aeiiai ? aeania
aenia?eiaioaeueiiai iaa/aiiy ia?aaeoaaei i?iaiinoe/ia oanooaaiiy ??aiy
eiioi?eaoeaiiai ?icaeoeo o/i?a o ??aei?e iia?, ui a?aee?eaaei oeyo aei
iioei?caoe?? i?ioeano oi?ioaaiiy an?o eiiiiiaio?a eiioi?eaoeaii?
eiiiaoaioe??, a oiio /ene? e nioe?ieoeueoo?ii?.

Aeine?aeia iaa/aiiy a iicaoe?eueieo oiiaao, yea o 1990-1992 ?ieao
i?iaiaeea aaoi? aeine?aeaeaiiy, aeaei ciiao: 1) ia?aa??eoe iineeuei?noue
? ?acoeueoaoeai?noue cai?iiiiiaaii? oaoiieia?? (oae, eiao?oe??io
iaa/aiino? oniiai aeni?aneaiiai iiaeaiiy a na?aaeiueiio ii a?oi? neeaa
0,982); 2) ooi/ieoe ? nei?aaoaaoe nioe?ieoeueoo?iee i?i?ioi, iaiao?aeiee
? aeinoaoi?e aeey ii/aoeiai? oeiee; 3) aianoe aeaye? ei?aeoeae a
?ic?iaeaio iaoiaeeeo c ia?niaeoeaith ?? iiaeaeueoiai canoinoaaiiy o
oeie?; 4) i?aeaiooaaoe ? aeaeaoe o ni?aaaoi?noa? c N.A. ?iiai oa E.I.
Ooae?iith iin?aiee aeey a/eoae?a “O/ei aeaoae ?a/aaiio iauaieth”,
iieeaaoe a eiai iniiao a?ae?a?aiee i?i?ioi iaa/aeueiiai iaoa??aeo c
nioe?ieoeueoo?iei eiiiiiaioii ? aei?iaoaaio oaoiieia?th iaa/aiiy; 5)
i?aai?coaaoe ai?iaaoe?th aeaieo iaoa??ae?a o oeieao i?noa ? iaeano?; 6)
i?aeaiooaaoe ia iniia? io?eiaieo aeaieo ? aeaeaoe (o ni?aaaoi?noa? c
N.A. ?iiai ? A.N. *aeaeue) IIE aeey ii/aoeiai? oeiee “Wonderland”; 7)
iaa/aoe iiai? oaoiieia?? a/eoae?a ia eo?nao i?aeaeuaiiy eaae?o?eaoe??
(1995 -1998 ?iee).

Cacia/ai? oaeoi?e noai?eee iaeaaeiee ooiaeaiaio aeey i?iaaaeaiiy
iaa/ath/iai aenia?eiaioo c o/iyie ae?oaiai eeano IO ? 6 i. Ae?oaee?ae?
Aeiiaoeueei? iaeano? oa IO ? 8 i. Ai?e?aee Aeiiaoeueei? iaeano?, a
oaeiae aeey ai?iaaoe?? IIE “Wonderland” o 10 oeieao aeaii? iaeano?
oi?iaeiaae 1997-1998 ?ie?a. Aenia?eiaioaeueia iaa/aiiy aeicaieyei
?aoaeueii o?enoaaoe aeeiai?eo oni?oiino? o/i?a ia ii/aoeo
cai?iaaaeaeaiiy cai?iiiiiaaii? oaoiieia??, a ai?iaaoe?y IIE – aeyaeyoe
iniiai? oaiaeaioe?? oeueiai i?ioeano ia ianooiieo aoaiao
i?iiaaeaaoe/iiai eo?no.

Iaoa iaa/ath/iai aenia?eiaioo iieyaaea a ia?aa??oe? iineeueiino? ?
?acoeueoaoeaiino? aeaii? oaoiieia?? oeyoii aecia/aiiy ??aiy
noi?iiaaiino? ?aoeaioeaieo ? i?iaeoeoeaieo iaae/ie oa ai?iue
oniiiiaeaii?aiai ni?eeoaaiiy. Noiooiy iaoa iieyaaea o c’ynoaaii? aieeao
oi?ioaaiiy NEE ia iniaeno?niee ??no o/iy. E??i oiai, aoei ?ic?iaeaii
?yae oe?eae aenia?eiaioo, a naia:

1) aecia/eoe ??aaiue eiioi?eaoeaiiai ?icaeoeo ae?oae c ??aeii? iiae ca
oaeeie ia?aiao?aie: eiioi?eaoeaia ae?aci?noue iiaeaiiy, ?eoi ye
eiiiiiaio iiaeaii?aiai neooo, neooiaa ei?ioei/ania iai’youe, aeiaai/ania
iai’youe, iiaeaii?aa oaaaa;

2) aeyaeoe ??aaiue caaaeueiiai ?icaeoeo ae?oae, ia?aaeon?i, ui
eiie?aoii ?i a?aeiii i?i e?a?io (Aaeeeo A?eoai?th), iiao yei? aiie
iathoue aea/aoe;

3) i?iaanoe aenia?eiaioaeueia iaa/aiiy ca iaoa??aeaie iaa/aeueieo
oeeee?a 1-5 oa 6-15 IIE aeey ii/aoeiai? oeiee “Wonderland”.

Ioaea iniiaieie ia’?eoaie iaa/ath/iai aenia?eiaioo aoee ?aoeaioeai? oa
i?iaeoeoeai? iaae/ee oa ai?iiy aiai??iiy, aeiaeaoeiaei – iniaeno?niee
??no o/iy ye noa’?eoa iaa/aeueiiai i?ioeano.

Caniaii ?aae?caoe?? ia?oi? iaoe aoei i?iaaaeaiiy i?iaiinoe/iiai
oanooaaiiy. Aiii cana?ae/eei a oe?eiio aeinoaoi?e ??aaiue
eiioi?eaoeaiiai ?icaeoeo ae?oae c ??aeii? iiae, aea e iieacaei, ui
ii??aiyii aocueeeie i?noeyie inoaiiueiai ? neooiaa oaaaa oa neooiaa
ei?ioei/ania iai’youe o/i?a.

Io?eiaiith ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i oa, ui o/iyi a?aeiii i?i Aiae?th, ??
eoeueoo?o (a eiioaeno? aeeoy/i? noaeoeueoo?e), ni?eyee niaoe?aeuei?
aeaee ?iaioe, caieaiiaai? ia anooii? o?iee (Aeea.: S. Roman, G, Chekal,
O. Kolominova “Wonderland”: 1) Teacher’s Book, 1998 Unit 1; 2)
Pupil’s Book I (1), Unit 1, pp. 6-8; 3) Activity Book (I), pp. 3-4).

I?ney ii?aoethaaiiy iaoa??aeo Units 1-5 aoee i?iaaaeai? c??ce c iaoith
aeyaeaiiy ??aiy noi?iiaaiino? ?aoeaioeaieo ? i?iaeoeoeaieo iaae/ie oa
ai?iue oniiiiaeaii?aiai ni?eeoaaiiy. Caniaii ?o ?aae?caoe?? noaee oanoe
eiioi?eaoeaii? eiiiaoaioe??: a) c i/?eoaaiith a?aeiia?aeaeth aeey
anoaiiaeaiiy ??aiy noi?iiaaiino? ?aoeaioeaieo iaae/ie oa ai?iue oniiai
iiaeaiiy, a) c a?eueii eiino?oeiaaiith a?aeiia?aeaeth aeey aecia/aiiy
??aiy i?iaeoeoeaieo iaae/ie oa ai?iue oniiai ni?eeoaaiiy (Aeea. S.
Roman, G. Chekal, O. Kolominova. Wonderland. Teacher’s Book. – K.
Lenvit, 1998. – pp. 242-246).

O e?iaa?noe/iiio ieai? ia ??ai? eaeneee ?acoeueoaoe oanooaaiiy na?ae/eee
i?i canai?iiy o/iyie ca ei?ioeee i?ii?aeie /ano 142 eaene/ieo
iaeeieoeue, ye? a?aeaeaathoue na?o aeeoeie a?aeiia?aeiiai a?eo.

O iiaeaii?aiio a?aeiioaii? ?acoeueoaoe oanooaaiiy iieacaee:

q ?aoeaioeaiee aniaeo: 1) iiaeaii?ao aioiai?noue o/i?a aei aca?iiae?? o
cai?iiiiiaaieo neooaoe?yo ?a?iaiai oa?aeoa?o, 2) aeinoaoiuei aenieee
??aaiue ?icaeoeo aoaeeoeaieo oi?iue: aoaeeoeaiee oaeno (caoeiaee eeno
a?ae aiae?enueeiai oeii/eea), yeee oni?oii aoae?thaaee o/i?, neeaaeaany
c 22 ?a/aiue, iiaoaeiaaieo ia canai?iiio iaoa??ae?, ui cia/ii
ia?aaeuoaaei aeiiae i?ia?aie; oaeno cao/aa o ii?iaeueiiio oaii?;

q i?iaeoeoeaiee aniaeo: 1) neooaoeai?noue iiaeaiiy o/i?a, 2) eiai
ee?oiaai?noue, 3) oiiaoe/io oi/i?noue ? ae?aci?noue, 4) aeinoaoi?e oaii
?aae?caoe??.

O nioe?ieoeueoo?iiio ieai? oanooaaiiy aeyaeei:

q ?aoeaioeaiee aniaeo: 1) noi?iiaai?noue oi?iue ?ic??ciyoe oi?ioee
iiaeaii?aiai aoeeaoo aeey ?aae?caoe?? oaeeo ooieoe?e ni?eeoaaiiy ye:
i?ea?oaiiy, caa?oaiiy, i?iuaiiy, ciaeiinoai (aaciina?aaeiuei ? /a?ac
iina?aaeieea), ?icieooaaiiy, cai?ioaiiy, niiioeaiiy, aeneiaeaiiy
i?ioaiiy, naiai noaaeaiiy aei i?aaeiaoa ?iciiae; 2) aioiai?noue aei
ni?eeoaaiiy c iin??i iiae o iaaeao canai?iiai iaoa??aeo o oi?i?
caoeiaiai eenoa;

q ?ai?iaeoeoeaiee aniaeo: canai?iiy aeaiaio?a aeeoy/iai oieueeei?o o
oi?i? a??oee?a, ?ei?aie, e?/eeie, ai?iiy a?aeoai?thaaoe ?o iaiai’youe,
caa??aath/e oi/i?noue a?oeeoethaaiiy oiiai, ne?a, neiainiieo/aiue,
i?aaeeuei?noue ?ioiioaaiiy o?ac;

q i?iaeoeoeaiee aniaeo: ai?iiy ?aae?coaaoe ia iniia? canai?iiai
iaoa??aeo iiaeaii?ao ? iaiiaeaii?ao iiaaae?ieo a?aeiia?aeii aei
neooaoe??, yea iiaeaeth? aeaiaioa?ia ni?eeoaaiiy c iin??i iiae,
aeio?eioth/enue iaiao?aeii? eoeueoo?e ni?eeoaaiiy.

A?aeno?i/ai? c??ce, aeiiiaiai? aeaieie ai?iaaoe?? IIE “Wonderland” o
oeieao Aeiiaoeueei? iaeano?, i?aeoaa?aeeee ?acoeueoaoeai?noue
cai?iiiiiaaii? oaoiieia?? c oi/ee ci?o iiceoeaiiai aieeao oi?ioaaiiy NEE
ia ?ioaineai?noue iaa/aeueiiai i?ioeano ? ia iniaeno?niee ??no aeeoeie,
ia?aaeon?i ia ?? eiioi?eaoeaiee ?icaeoie, caaaa/aiiy oiiiaeo ciaiue ? ia
iaaoooy iath eoeueoo?e ni?eeoaaiiy ye aeaiaioa caaaeueii? eoeueoo?e
ethaeeie.

I?iaaaeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaiey? ae?eoe oaeeo aeniiae?a.

1. Caeo/aiiy ae?oae iieiaeoiai oe?eueiiai a?eo aei aiaeiiiaii?
eoeueoo?e a oiae? iaa/aiiy aiae?enueei? iiae ? iaeiei ?c iaeaaaeeea?oeo
?aca?a?a noeioeyoe?? ? i?aeo?eiaiiy no?eeiai ?ioa?ano aei i?aaeiaoa.

2. Aeaia no?aoaa?y iiai?noth a?aeiia?aea? ?aeayi aoiai?caoe??,
aoiai?oa?ecaoe?? oa ?ioaa?aoeaiino? ii/aoeiai? ina?oe, a oaeiae
caaaeaiiyi ii/aoeiai? oeiee – noai?thaaoe neooaoe?th nioe?aeueiiai
?icaeoeo o/i?a.

3. Iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?iee eiiiiiaio ci?noo ?ioaineo?eo? i?ioean
iaa/aiiy aiae?enueei? iiae. A?i caaacia/o? iniaeno?niee ?icaeoie aeeoeie
oa ?? iai’yo?, ieneaiiy, aiioe?e, ooaeiaei?o niae?a, oi?io? i?i?ioi
oiiiaeo ciaiue, eii/a iaiao?aeieo aeey aaeaeaaoiiai ni?eeoaaiiy ia
aeaiaioa?iiio i?aeeoeueoo?iiio ??ai?, ni?ey? anaa?/iiio aeoiaaiith:
a/eoue eoeueoo?e ni?eeoaaiiy, iiaaae?iee, oi?io? nenoaio oe?ii?nieo
i???ioaoe?e iiaiai aeaiie?aoe/iiai noni?euenoaa.

4. Iaoiaeeea oi?ioaaiiy NEE a o/i?a iieiaeoiai oe?eueiiai a?eo,
?ic?iaeaia ? oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaaia a aeaiiio aeine?aeaeaii?, ca nai?ie
eiioeaioaie, a oaeiae oaoiieia??th iaa/aiiy ? ?iiiaaoe?eiith
iniaeno?nii-?icaeaath/ith iaoiaee/iith iiaeaeeth. I?iiiioth/e iaa/aiiy
aiae?enueei? iiae ia a?aeiinii aenieiio ??ai? neeaaeiino?, aiia noai?th?
ni?eyoeea? oiiae aeey iaieiae?iiy o/iyie iaae/eaie oa ai?iiyie
ni?eeoaaiiy ia aeaiaioa?iiio i?aeeoeueoo?iiio ??ai? (a iaaeao
canai?iiai iaoa??aeo oa a?ae?a?aieo noa? eiioi?eaoe??), a oaeiae aeey
?ice?eooy iioaioe?aeo iniaenoino? aeeoeie. Aeaia iiaeaeue ia ?
aeiaiaoe/iith. Aiia a?aee?eoa aeey oai?/i? iiaeeo?eaoe??
a/eoaey-i?aaeiaoieea.

5. A?aeiia?aei?noue aeaii? iiaeae? aeiiaai no/aniiai iaoiaee/iiai
noaiaea?oo oe?eueiiai ia/aiiy ?iicaiii? iiae, nioe?aeueiiio caiiaeaiith
noni?euenoaa noiniaii ?aoi?ioaaiiy ci?noo ii/aoeiai? oeiee, c iaeiiai
aieo, a c ?ioiai – a?aee?eo?noue iiaeae? aeey oai?/i? iiaeeo?eaoe??
a/eoaey – ana oea aea? i?aenoaae niiae?aaoeny, ui aeaia iiaeaeue
noeioethaaoeia ?ic?iaeo nioe?ieoeueoo?iiai aniaeoo ?ioeo aeae?a
iiaeaii?ai? ae?yeueiino? o ii/aoeia?e oeie?, iai?eeeaae /eoaiiy, ? ui
aeaia iiaeaeue ciaeaea nai?o i?eoeeueiee?a na?aae oe?ieiai caaaeo
a/eoae?a-i?aaeiaoiee?a.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? a?aeia?aaeai? a oaeeo ioae?eaoe?yo:

Noaoo?:

1. O/ei aeaoae iauaieth ia aiaeeeneii ycuea //?iicaii? iiae. – 1995. –
? 3-4. – N.89-91.

2. Oeyoe oi?ioaaiiiy e?iaaie?a?iiciaa/i? eiiiaoaioe?? o/i?a ii/aoeiai?
oeiee o i?ioean? iaa/aiiy aiae?enueei? iiae //Ia?ene aeine?aeaeaiue o
aaeoc? aoiai?oa?ieo iaoe o iaaeaoc?: Ca. iaoe. oa iaoeiai-iaoiae.
i?aoeue. – Ai?e?aea: AAeI??I, 1996. – N. 250-252.

3. ?aaioa iaae i?ieciineoaeueiie noi?iiie iauaiey a OIE aeey ia/aeueiie
oeieu “English for Young Learners” //?iicaii? iiae. – 1996. – ? 4. – N.
48-51.

4. “English for Young Learners”: Phonological Aspect of Teaching Young
Pupils Speech Interaction //IATEFL – Ukraine. Newsletter. – 1996. –? 6.
–p. 34.

5. I oi?ie?iaaiee nioeeieoeueoo?iie eiiiaoaioeee ieaaeoeo oeieueieeia
//?iicaii? iiae. – 1997. – ? 3. – N. 52-54.

Iaa/aeueii-iaoiaee/i? iin?aieee:

6. O/ei aeaoae ?a/aaiio iauaieth (ia iaoa?eaea aiaeeeneiai ycuea)//
O/aaii-iaoiae. iiniaea. — Ai?eiaea: AAIEEss, 1993. — 201 n. (niaao.:
N.A. ?iiai, E.A. Ooaeeia). Iniaenoee aianie: o?iee 12 -28.

7. English for Young Learners// O/aaii-iaoiae. iiniaea. – E.: Eaiaeo,
1996. – 204 n. (niaao. N.A. ?iiai, A.N. *aeaeue). Iniaenoee aianie:
o?iee 12-26.

8. Wonderland. Activity Book I (1). – K.: Eaiaeo, 1998. – 72 n.
(niaao.: N.A. ?iiai, A.N. *aeaeue). Iniaenoee aianie: o?iee 1-4.

9. Wonderland. Activity Book I (2). – K.: Eaiaeo,1998. – 80 n.
(niaao.: N.A. ?iiai, A.N. *aeaeue). Iniaenoee aianie: o?iee 13-18.

10. Wonderland (English for Young Learners).Teacher’s Book. – K.:
Eaiaeo, 1998. – 272 n. (niaao.: N.A. ?iiai, A.N. *aeaeue). Iniaenoee
aianie: o?iee 12 -26, I?eeiaeaiea 1 – oanoe?iaaiea, I?eeiaeaiea 3 –
Iaoiaee/aneea ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii i?aaiecaoeee e i?iaaaeaieth aiaeeanniie
?aaiou, I?eeiaeaiea 4 – Caoeiaia nii?iaiaeaeaiea e OIE “Wonderland”.

11. Wonderland. Pupil’s Book (I). – K.: Eaiaeo, 1998. – 157 n.
(niaao.: N.A. ?iiai, A.N. *aeaeue). Iniaenoee aianie: o?iee 1-4, 13-18.

Eieii?iiaa I.I. Iaoiaeeea oi?ioaaiiy nioe?ieoeueoo?ii? eiiiaoaioe??
o/i?a iieiaeoiai oe?eueiiai a?eo a i?ioean? iaa/aiiy oniiai aiaeiiiaiiai
ni?eeoaaiiy. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
o?eieia?/ieo iaoe ii niaoe?aeueiino? 13-00-04. . Ee?anueeee aea?aeaaiee
e?iaa?noe/iee oi?aa?neoao. Ee?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia ieoaiiyi oi?ioaaiiy nioe?ieoeueoo?ii?
eiiiaoaioe?? (NEE) iieiaeoeo oeiey??a i?ae /an iaa/aiiy oniiai
aiaeiiiaiiai ni?eeoaaiiy. A ?iaio? oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiao?oueny
aeioe?euei?noue ?aiiueiai oi?ioaaiiy NEE ? aeine?aeaeothoueny eiioeaioe
aeaiiai i?ioeano. ?ic?iaey?oueny iaoiaee/ia i?ia?aia i?i?i?caoe??
nioe?ieoeueoo?iiai iaoa??aeo ? oaoiieia?y ?iaioe c iei.
Aenia?eiaioaeueii aecia/a?oueny aoaeoeai?noue cai?iiiiiaaii? iaoiaeeee
oa ?? ?iiiaaoe?eiee iniaeno?nii-?icaeaath/ee oa?aeoa?. Aeathoueny
i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei ai?iaaaeaeaiiy aeaii? iaoiaeeee a
iaa/aeueiee i?ioean o ii/aoeia?e oeie?.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai oi?ie?iaaiey nioeeieoeueoo?iie
eiiiaoaioeee (NEE) ieaaeoeo oeieueieeia i?e iao/aiee onoiiio
aiaeiycu/iiio iauaieth. Aeooaeueiinoue enneaaeiaaiey iaoneiaeaia
cia/eiinoueth nioeeieoeueoo?iiai aniaeoa iao/aiey eiino?aiiiio ycueo
aeey ?acaeoey e oi?ie?iaaiey ee/iinoe o/aueony, aeey eo iiaeaioiaee e
yeaiaioa?iiio iauaieth ia iaaeeoeueoo?iii o?iaia e ana aua
iaaeinoaoi/iie ?ac?aaioeie oai?aoe/aneeo iniia aeaiiie i?iaeaiu
i?eiaieoaeueii e oneiaeyi ia/aeueiie oeieu.

A ? aeaaa ?anniio?aiu oai?aoe/aneea iniiau enneaaeoaiie i?iaeaiu. E?aoei
i?iaiaeece?iaaiu enoiaeiua iieiaeaiey oai?ee eiiioieeaoeaiinoe e
eeiaaino?aiiaaaeaiey, ii?aaeaeythuea iaoiaeieiaeth aeaiiie ?aaiou.
Ooi/iai aaciaue iiiyoeeiue aiia?ao, eae-oi: “ia/aeueiue yoai”, “o?iaaiue
eiiioieeaoeaiiai ?acaeoey o/aueony”, “eiiioieeaoeaiay eiiiaoaioeey”,
“nioeeieoeueoo?iay eiiiaoaioeey”, “oiiiaua ciaiey”, “?aaeee”, “yoeeao”.
Iao/ii iainiiaaiu oaeoi?u oniaoiinoe ?aiiaai oi?ie?iaaiey
nioeeieoeueoo?iie eiiiaoaioeee (NEE) – ineoieiae/aneea, aeeaeaeoe/aneea,
i?aaiecaoeeiiii-iaoiaee/aneea. N o/aoii yoeo oaeoi?ia e ia iniiaa
eioa?i?aoaoeee ?acoeueoaoia aieaoe?iaaiey ieaaeoeo oeieueieeia iieacaii
cia/aiea nioeeieoeueoo?iiai aniaeoa iao/aiey eiino?aiiiio ycueo aeey
nicaeaiey neooaoeee nioeeaeueiiai ?acaeoey aeaoae, noeioeyoeee e
iiaeaea?aeaiey iinoiyiiiai eioa?ana e i?aaeiaoo, aeey ?acoeueoaoeaiiai
?aoaiey caaea/ ?acaeoey, iao/aiey, ainieoaiey a ?onea aoiaiecaoeee e
aoiaieoa?ecaoeee ia/aeueiiai ia?aciaaiey.

?? aeaaa iinayuaia iino?iaieth oai?aoe/aneie iiaeaee ?aiiaai
oi?ie?iaaiey NEE. N yoie oeaeueth ii?aaeaeaiu eiioeaiou enneaaeoaiie
iaoiaee/aneie nenoaiu. Iainiiaaiu aaeeieoeu e e?eoa?ee ioai?a o/aaiiai
iaoa?eaea. I?aaeeiaeai oaiaoe/aneee aoean NEE ieaaeoaai oeieueieea eae
nenoaiaoece?iaaiiue ia?a/aiue oai, iiaeoai-iioeaia ?a/aaiai iauaiey,
i?ecaaiiue iaania/eoue i?eaioe?u ioai?a o/aaiiai iaoa?eaea e
iiaeaee?iaaiea iioaioeeaeueiiai iauaiey o/aueony ia iaaeeoeueoo?iii
o?iaia a ?aieao eiie?aoiuo oai, iiaeoai e onoaiiaeaiiuo noa?
eiiioieeaoeee. Ioia?ai ieieioi nioeeieoeueoo?iiai iaoa?eaea ia/aeueiiai
yoaia aeey oi?ie?iaaiey NEE o/aueony. I?aaenoaaeaiu i?eaiu oi?ie?iaaiey
NEE e iienaia oaoiieiaey eo i?eiaiaiey. ?ac?aaioaiu iiaeaee oeiiauo
o/aaiuo caaea/ o?iea a ia/aeueiuo eeannao n iaoeeiiaeueii-eoeueoo?iui
eiiiiiaioii. Iieacaii eo cia/aiea aeey nenoaiaoecaoeee i?eaiia ?aiiaai
oi?ie?iaaiey NEE e iioeiecaoeee ieaie?iaaiey aeaiiiai i?ioeanna.

A ??? aeaaa iienaia yenia?eiaioaeueiay i?iaa?ea i?aaeeiaeaiiie
oaoiieiaee e aeaiu iaoiaee/aneea ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii i?aaiecaoeee ?aaiou
iaae nioeeieoeueoo?iui aniaeoii onoii?a/aaiai iauaiey a ia/aeueiie
oeiea.

Aeaaiui ?acoeueoaoii i?iaaaeaiiiai ennneaaeiaaiey yaeeinue oai?aoe/aneia
iainiiaaiea e yenia?eiaioaeueiia iiaeoaa?aeaeaiea yooaeoeaiinoe
?ac?aaioaiiie iaoiaeeee oi?ie?iaaiey NEE ieaaeoeo oeieueieeia a
i?ioeanna iao/aiey onoiiio aiaeiycu/iiio iauaieth. Ii naiei oeaeyi,
i?eioeeiai, niaea?aeaieth e oaoiieiaee iao/aiey aeaiiay iaoiaee/aneay
nenoaia yaeyaony eiiiaaoeeiiiie ee/iinoii-?acaeaathuae iaoiaee/aneie
iiaeaeueth. I?aaeeaaay iao/aiea aiaeeeneiio ycueo ia ioiineoaeueii
aunieii o?iaia neiaeiinoe, iia nicaeaao aeaaii?eyoiua oneiaey aeey
oi?ie?iaaiey nioeeieoeueoo?iiai oacao?ona ieaaeoaai oeieueieea e aeey
iaeaaeaiey ei iaaueaie e oiaieyie onoiiai iauaiey ia yeaiaioa?iii
iaaeeoeueoo?iii o?iaia (a ?aieao onaiaiiiai iaoa?eaea e ioia?aiiuo noa?
iauaiey), a oaeaea aeey ?ane?uoey iioaioeeaea ee/iinoe ?aaaiea.
Aeaiiay iiaeaeue ia aeiaiaoe/ia. Iia ioe?uoa aeey oai?/aneie
iiaeeoeeaoeee o/eoaey-i?aaeiaoieea.

Niioonoaothueie ?acoeueoaoaie ?aaiou yaeeinue oai?aoe/aneia iainiiaaiea
i?aaiia?iinoe ?aiiaai oi?ie?iaaiey NEE e onoaiiaeaiea i?ioeaaeo?u
ieieiecaoeee o/aaiiai iaoa?eaea n eniieueciaaieai i?aaeeiaeaiiiai
oaiaoe/aneiai aoeana, ioai? nioeeieoeueoo?iiai ieieioia ia/aeueiiai
yoaia, ?ac?aaioea i?eaiia oi?ie?iaaiey NEE e iiaeaeae oeiiauo o/aaiuo
caaea/ o?iea eae niiniaia iioeiecaoeee yoiai i?ioeanna.

The dissertation deals with the issues of primary school pupils’
sociocultural competence (SCC) development in the process of teaching
them oral English language interaction. The efficiency of early SCC
development is theoretically determined.Basic aims, principles and
content of this process are specified. The selection of sociocultural
vocabulary is investigated and original technology towards its teaching
application is suggested. The effectiveness of the outlined technology,
its innovating and pupil-centered nature are experimentally proven.
Recommendations for the given technology implementation in the primary
school teaching are suggested.

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