2

I?I?NOA?NOAI IOI?IIE CAeI?IA’ss OE?A?IE

AeA?AEAAIA I?AeI?E?INOAI “OE?A?INUeEEE IAOEIAI-AeINE?AeIEE ?INOEOOO
II?NUeEI? IAAeEOeEIE”

AEAAeI?*EE IEOAEEI ?EE?*

OAeE: 159.938+656.6-152+159.923+613.86+615.851.

IAOIAeE INEOIAeEIAI?*II? Ae?AAIINOEEE O EIIIEAENIIIO IAAeE*IIIO
IAEssAe? II?ssE?A

14.01.34 — Aa?aoe?eia, eini?/ia oa ii?nueea iaaeeoeeia

A A O I ? A O A ? A O

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

Iaeana- 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Aea?aeaaiiio i?aei?e?inoa? Oe?a?inueeiio
iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiio ?inoeooo? iaaeeoeeie o?ainii?oo.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe Aieyinueeee Aaea??e THoeiiae/,
Aea?aeaaia i?aei?e?inoai Oe?a?inueeee iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee ?inoeooo
ii?nueei? iaaeeoeeie

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? A?oainueeee
Aaea??e Naiaiiae/, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e ineo?ao???, ia?eieia?? ?
iaaee/ii? ineoieia?? Iaeanueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe Iaooaeeoaoea Ieaa TH??eiae/, noa?oee ?iniaeoi?
Aieiaii? aea?aeaaiie iiniaeoei? Oe?a?ie c aaciaee noaeiiieaanoaa

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Oa?uee?anueea iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y i?neyaeeieiiiiai
iaa/aiiy IIC Oe?a?ie

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaony “ 4 “ eenoiiaaea 1999 ?ieo i 13 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae.41.617.01 a Aea?aeaaiiio
i?aei?e?inoa? “Oe?a?inueeee iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee ?inoeooo? ii?nueei?
iaaeeoeeie” (270049, i. Iaeana, aoe.Noaeiiaoae?aaeueia, 1)

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? Aea?aeaaiiai
i?aei?e?inoaa “Oe?a?inueeee iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee ?inoeooo ii?nueei?
iaaeeoeeie” (270049, i. Iaeana, aoe.Noaeiiaoae?aaeueia, 1)

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 2 ” aeiaoiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

eaiaeeaeao iaaee/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio I.A. Ieaoue?aa

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Ia i?aai?ci ii?ye?a aieeaa? neeaaeiee eiiieaen
iaaaoeaieo oaeoi??a ioi/oth/iai na?aaeiaeua, ye? aieeaathoue ia noai
ooieoe?e i?aai?cio. A oeae eiiieaen E.I. Oao?ai ? A.I. Aieoaiei (1989)
ia’?aeiothoue /anoo ci?io ee?iaoiaaia?ao?/ieo cii, ci?io aiaeeiieo
iiyn?a, ui i?ecaiaeyoue aei aeaneio?ii?caoe?? a?i?eoi?a, aieeao
aeaeo?iiaaieoieo oaeeue, a?a?aoe??, oeoaaeoe?, a?iie?iac??. E??i oeeo
niaoeeo?/ieo oaeoi??a, ye iieacaa I.TH.Iaooaeeoaoea (1986), ia? cia/aiiy
aenieee ??aaiue aiioe?eiiai oa ineo?/iiai iai?oaeaiiy ii?nueei? i?aoe?.
A aeine?aeaeaiiyo A.TH. Aieyinueeiai (1995) i?aee?aneth?oueny, ui
eiiieaen oaeoi??a noaeiiaiai na?aaeiaeua o ?yae? aeiaaee?a iineoue
aeno?aiaeueiee oa?aeoa? o ca’yceo c o?eaaeeie ? iiaoi?ieie aieeaaie ia
i?aai?ci, ui a naith /a?ao iiaea aeeeeeaoe c?ea aaeaioaoe?eieo
iiaeeeainoae i?aai?cio ?, ye iane?aeie, ?icaeoie oai?iae. Aieea
eiiieaeno iani?eyoeeaeo oaeoi??a na?aaeiaeua, i?ae aieeaii yeeo o
ii?ye?a a?aeaoaa?oueny ciaioaiiy caaaeueii? ?aaeoeaiino? i?aai?cio,
?icaeyaea?oueny A. I. Eiaaieii, I. E. Aniieiaei (1991) ye o?ii?/iee
no?an. Aei iiae?aieo caoai?thaaiue ne?ae a?aeianoe ia?aiai-ineo?/io
iaoieia?th ?, a ia?oo /a?ao, a?aie/i? ia?aiai-ineo?/i? ?iceaaee. Oae,
A.N. A?oainueeee, A.A. Ieaoei (1997) aeacothoue ia c?inoaiiy naiiaoanoa
na?aae ii?ye?a. An? no?oeeaeaioe ia?aae aeoiaeii o ?aen i?ioiaeeee
?aaoey?iee i?ioiaeyae, aeciaaaeenue caei?iaeie, ia iaee a aiaiiac?
aeac?aie ia ineoiiaoe/i? ?ene oa?aeoa?o, oi/a, ca aeaieie I.A.
Eoae?yaoeaai? c ni?aaao.(1993), caoai?thaai?noue a?aie/ieie
ia?aiai-ineo?/ieie ?iceaaeaie a ?aen? neeaaea? a?ae 10 aei 20%. Ae.
Eaoea?ia (1986) iieno? “aeai?aneaiee neiae?ii” ??ciiai nooiaiy o 28,4%
ii?ye?a, a aeai?aneai? yaeua — o 62,12% ianoaaeaieo. Ca aeaieie
O.A.Aanee?ai? (1973), a no?oeoo?? caoai?thaaiino?, yea noaea i?aenoaaith
aeey nienaiiy ii?ye?a ia aa?aa c oeioo, ineo?/i? caoai?thaaiiy neeaaeaee
4,3%, a ca aeaieie A.A.Iiaiaeeeiaa (1989) -8,6%.

O aeine?aeaeaiiyo A.I. Eiaaiea, TH. E. Eo?aei, A. TH. Aieyinueeiai, E.
A. Iineao?(1978, 1984, 1989, 1997, 1998) TH.I. Noaiueea (1981, 1989)
iieacaii, ui aiane?aeie aieeao eiiieaeno o?c?iaaiieo ? ineoiaaiieo
oaeoi??a o ia??iae ?aeno o ii?ye?a aeieea? noai ineoiaiioe?eiiai
ia?aiai?oaeaiiy, ui iiaea i?ecaanoe aei ?icaeoeo ineo?/ii?
aeacaaeaioaoe??, iaea?eueo oi?aa?naeueieie yaeuaie yei? ? ?iceaae
iaa?ioe/iiai ??aiy. I?ae oei, iaa?ioe/i? ?iceaaee ia aeieeathoue aac
iaaii? noeeueiino? aei ieo. Aiie aeieeathoue aiane?aeie aieeao eiiieaeno
aeacaaeaioaoe?eieo oaeoi??a ia i?noea iaeiaioiai iii?o iniae.

A?eueo?noue aeine?aeiee?a aea/aee i?iyae ineo?/ii? aeacaaeaioaoe?? o
ii?ye?a c iiceoe?e aiae?co eeoa aeayeeo ?o oaiiiaiieia?/ieo iciae. Oae,
a ?iaioao TH. I. Noaiueea (1981, 1989) A. ?. Ao?iaa (1987) cia/aii, ui a
??ci? ia??iaee ?aen?a o ii?ye?a niinoa??aa?oueny ?icaeoie “aoaeoeaii
ca?yaeaeaieo ?aeae”, aai i?aeaeuaiiy i?io?eth II?? ca oeaeaie
ineoioe/ii? oao?aaee. Aea oe? ci?ie iiaeia ?icaeyaeaoe ye iia?e?caoe?th
? aeo?ae ia ia?aaei?e ieai iniae caoenieo iaoai?ci?a: caoenii?
?aoe?iiae?caoe??, caoenii? i?iaeoe??, iaaeoe?iieo ? aeii?ioth/eo ?aeae,
ye? aeacothoue ia i?ioeeaaeio iana?aeiio iniaenoo aioo??oith onoaiiaeo.
O ca’yceo c oeei iiaeia i?aee?aneeoe, ui iaaeinoaoiuei iiaii aea/ai?
aeeaeiiiineoieia?/i? aniaeoe, ye? iieyaathoue a iniia? ineo?/ii?
aeacaaeaioaoe?? ii?ye?a. Iiaeia oaeiae i?eionoeoe, ui aea?? iniaith
i?ioan?? ii?yea i?iaeeeoiaaiee ia no?eueee ia?eaioeeueieie i??eoaaiiyie,
ne?eueee iniaeeaith no?oeoo?ith caoaeaeaiue, yea ia iiaea aooe
ae?aaiinoiaaia iaeaoii ineoieia?/ieo ? ineoio?c?ieia?/ieo iaoiaeee, ye?
ca?ac canoiniaothoueny, aea iaeii/anii ? iaei??th ?c neeaaeiaeo
i?aii?a?aeiiai noaio ineo?/ii? aeacaaeaioaoe??.

TH.A. Aeaenaiae?ianueeee (1993) aeaco?, ui nueiaiaei? ia ?nio? caaaeueii
i?eeiyoi? oeiieia?? ethaeae, noeeueieo aei iaaieo ia?aiai-ineo?/ieo
?iceaae?a, ui cieaeo? aoaeoeai?noue oeiieia?/iiai i?aeoiaeo aei
ae?aaiinoeee i?aii?a?aeieo aeanoeainoae iniaenoino? ii?yea. Iniaenoi
oeiieia?/iee i?aeo?ae, yeee aaeeaa?oueny a?eueo?noth aeine?aeiee?a, ia
a?aoiao? an?o “iiaa?o?a” a?o?oaeoii?ee iniae. Iaa?oue i?e canoinoaaii?
II?? ia iiaeia ?ic?aoiaoaaoe a?eueoa, i?ae ia 75% a??ia?aeiino?. O
oeueiio aeiaaeeo aa?aaeuei? iaoiaee ineoiae?aaiinoeee, ye? ia?aaaaeii
canoiniaothoueny o i?ioiaeyae? ieaaneeaaeo, ia caoeuai? a?ae na?aeiieo ?
iana?aeiieo ia?ae?o/oaaiue. sse aeaco? A.I. Inyaeei (1997), canoinoaaiiy
iieooaaeueiee?a i?e ioe?ioe? ineo?/iiai noaio ieaaneeaaeo iiaea
i?eaiaeeoe aei ia?ae?o/oaaiiy a?aeiia?aeae ia ei?enoue nioe?aeueii?
aaaeaiino?. ?acii c oei, iiaeia a?aei?oeoe, ui iaaeinoaoiuei oaaae
i?eae?ey?oueny aeine?aeaeaiith “o?aoueiai iiaa?oo” iniae — iana?aeiieo
ineo?/ieo i?ioean?a. Oea iia’ycaii c oei, ui a iao?e aea?aeaa? ?ai?oa
caia?a/oaaeanue oa ineoiaeeiai?/ia aaca, ia ye?e iiaoaeiaaia oai?aoe/ia
ieaooi?ia i?iaeoeaieo iaoiaeee.

Oaeei /eiii, iiaeia a?aecia/eoe, ui i?e/eie iniaenoi? aeacaaeaioaoe?? ia
aeeaeiiiineoieia?/i?e iniia? aea/ai? iaaeinoaoiuei.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Oaia aoiaeeoue
aei ieaio iaoeiaeo ?ia?o Oe?a?inueeee IAe? iaaeeoeeia o?ainii?oo (?
aea?ae.?a?no?aoe?? 0198U000850).

Iaoa oa caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ?ic?iaea
iaoiae?a ineoiaeeiai?/ii? ae?aaiinoeee ii?ye?a c o?aooaaiiyi ?o
aeeaeiii-iniaenoeo aeanoeainoae ? i?iaiico iiaeeeaeo aa??aio?a
aeacaaeaioaoe??.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy cacia/aii? aeua iaoe iaiao?aeii aoei ae??oeoe oae?
caaea/?:

1. Aea/eoe aa??aioe aeacaaeaioaoe?eieo i?iya?a o ii?ye?a c o?aooaaiiyi
i?ioan?eieo, ?iae?a?aeoaeueii-ineoieia?/ieo ? ineoio?c?ieia?/ieo
iniaeeainoae.

2. Aeyaeoe ? ioe?ieoe ?ieue aeeaeiiiineoieia?/ieo ?aaeeeae?a o
oi?ioaaii? ??cieo noai?a aeacaaeaioaoe?? ii?ye?a.

3. ?ic?iaeoe iaoiaee ?aiiuei? aeeaeiiiineoieia?/ii? ae?aaiinoeee noai?a
ineo?/ii? aeacaaeaioaoe??.

4. Iaa?oiooaaoe oa ii?iaoaaoe iaoiaee aeeaeiiiineoieia?/ii? ae?aaiinoeee
o nenoai? iaaee/iiai iaeyaeo ii?ye?a.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aia?oa ca aeiiiiiaith
ineoiaeeiai?/ii? noaie oi?ioaaiiy iiaaae?iee ?iaeea?aea aoee aea/ai?
aeeaeii? i?ioeane aeeiei?ee ineoe/ii? aeacaaeaioaoe??.

Ia i?aenoaa? eaai?aoi?ii-aenia?eiaioaeueieo ? iaoo?ieo aeine?aeaeaiue
aoa ?ic?iaeaiee ? ai?iaiaaiee eiiieaen ineoiae?aaiinoe/ieo iaoiaeee aeey
ae?aaiinoeee iaona?aeiieaieo iniaenoeo i?ioean?a, ui ni?eythoue
aeyaeaiith aeacaaeaioaoe??.

Aeiaaaeaia ?ieue aeeaeiiiineoieia?/ieo ?aaeeeae?a o ineo?/i?e
aeacaaeaioaoe?? ii?ye?a, ui aeaei iiaeeea?noue anoaiiaeoe
i?e/eiii-iane?aeeia? ca’ycee o aioo??oi?e no?oeoo?? iniae, i?iaiicoaaoe
nooi?iue oiea?aioiino? aei i?ioan?eiiai ineoiaiioe?eiiai iai?oaeaiiy a
oiiaao ?aeno.

Aoee aaeaioiaai? iaoiaee ii?o?aoieo aeai??a E. Niiae? ? oano “?oea” c
iaoith ?o aeei?enoaiy aeey ae?aaiinoeee iaona?aeiieaieo i?ioean?a
iniaenoino? ii?ye?a.

Iaa?oioiaaii aeiaeaoeiaee can?a ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? aeaieo, ye? io?eiai? ca
aeiiiiiaith i?iaeoeaieo ae?aaiinoe/ieo iaoiaeee c iaaieinii o?aooaaiiy
ineoiaeeiai?/iiai i?aeoiaeo. Aaeineiiaeaia oai?aoe/ia iiaeaiiy iaoiaeo
ii?o?aoieo aeai??a E. Niiae?, iiaoaeiaaia aaoi?nueea iiaeaeue
?ioa?i?aoaoe?? io?eiaieo aeaieo. Aeae?eaii ? iaa?oioiaaii iiiyooy
aioo??oiueiai eiioe?eoo ia i?aenoaa? ??ciiiai?aaeaieo cia/aiue
aeae?eaieo aeanoeainoae.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Oai?aoe/i? iaa?oiooaaiiy
cai?iiiiiaaieo iaoiaeee iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? aeey ?ic?iaee
??ciiiai?oieo ae?aaiinoe/ieo i?ioeaaeo? ? cania?a, ineoiae?aaiinoeee, a
oaeiae o i?aeaioiaoe? aenia?oieo aeniiae?a i?e iaaee/iiio iaeyae? ia
o?eueee ii?ye?a, aea e ?ioeo oao?aoe?a. ?ic?iaeaia nenoaia i?iaiicoaaiiy
noai?a ineo?/ieo aeacaaeaioaoe?eieo i?iya?a iiaea aooe aeei?enoaia a
oiiaao iaaee/iiai ianoaaeaiiy ii?ye?a ia i?ioan?eio i?eaeaoi?noue. Ie??i
oeueiai, io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe i?i iniaeeaino? ii?yea iiaeooue aooe
aeei?enoai? c iaoith i?io?eaeoeee ineo?/ii? aeacaaeaioaoe?? a oiiaao
o?eaaeiai ?aeno.

Ia iniia? ineoiaeeiai?/ii? noaie oi?ioaaiiy iiaaae?iee iniae ?ic?iaeaii
aaoiiaoeciaaiee ineoiae?aaiinoe/iee eiiieaen aeey ?aiiuei? ae?aaiinoeee
noai?a ineo?/ii? aeacaaeaioaoe?? ii?ye?a.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy, ui aeiinyoueny ia caoeno.

1. Aeei?enoaiiy o?aaeeoe?eieo aa?aaeueieo iieooaaeueiee?a a oiiaao
iaaee/iiai iaeyaeo ? iaaeinoaoiuei aoaeoeaiei ? iio?aao? aeiaeaoeiai?
ineoiaeeiai?/ii? ?ioa?i?aoaoe??.

2. Iaoeiaa iaa?oiooaaiiy aeei?enoaiiy aeeaeiiiineoieia?/iiai i?aeoiaeo
aeey aeyaeaiiy ineo?/ii? aeacaaeaioaoe?? ?iaeea?aea.

3. ?ic?iaea oa aaeaioaoe?y iaoiae?a ?aiiuei? aeeaeiiiineoieia?/ii?
ae?aaiinoeee o ii?ye?a, ni?yiiaaieo ia i?aeaeuaiiy yeino? iaaee/iiai
iaeyaeo ii?ye?a.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aoea ?ic?iaeaia i?ia?aia aeine?aeaeaiue,
i?iaaaeaii ca?? ? noaoenoe/io ia?iaeo iaoa??aeo, aea/aia aoaeoeai?noue
canoinoaaiiy ineoiaeeiai?/ieo ae?aaiinoe/ieo iaoiaeee ca oiiae
iaaee/iiai iaeyaeo ii?ye?a, noai?aia iaoiaeeea ia?iaee iaoa??aeo ia
eiii’thoa?iiio ineoiae?aaiinoe/iiio eiiieaen? “Eiinoe”.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? ?
iane?aeee aeine?aeaeaiue aoee aeeeaaeai? o aeiiia?ae?
“Ineoiaiaeeoe/aneea aniaeoe iioeaaoeeiiiuo eneaaeaiee” o aeiaoi? 1995 ?
ia Ana?in?enuee?e eiioa?aioe?? “Iaaino?aaiaaiiue ineoiaiaeec” a i.
Naieo-Iaoa?ao?c?, a 1995-1996 ?? ia eo?no i?aeaeuaiiy eaae?o?eaoe?? a
Iaeanueeiio iaeaniiio oeaio?? i?ioi???ioaoe?? ianaeaiiy, Iaeanueeiio
iaeaniiio oeaio?? i?aeoe/ii? ineoieia??, Eaia?ianueeiio i?nueeiio
nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iiio oeaio??, ia niaoeoaeoeueoao? c i?aeaioiaee
i?aeoe/ieo ineoieia?a a i. Iaaa?aaei? *iaie, o ?anioae?eainueeiio
?inoeooo? i?aeaeuaiiy eaae?o?eaoe?? i?aoe?aiee?a neoaeae caeiyoino? (i.
Ee?a, 1995-1996), o 1997-1998 ?? ia nai?ia?ao c ineoiaeeiai?/ii?
ae?aaiinoeee aeey i?aoe?aiee?a ??eoonueei? ie?oaeii?
a?enueeiai-e?ea?nueei? eii?n??, ineoieia?/ii? neoaeae Eaia?ianueeiai
iaeaniiai oi?aae?iiy aioo??oi?o ni?aa, Eaia?ianueeiai oi?aae?iiy
aeeiiaiiy iiea?aiue, ia eiioa?aioe?yo “In?oieia?/ia aeiiiiiaa ae?oyi ?
i?aee?oeai c o?oaeiiuaie i?e iaa/aii?, iiaaae?ioe? ? aiioe?eieie
ii?ooaiiyie”, Iaeana, 1996 ?. “?iaeea?aeoaeuei? ineoio?ce/i? aeanoeaino?
ethaeeie oa i?ioan?eia ae?yeuei?noue”, *a?eane, 1997 ?. “I?iaeaie
a?a??ie oa ai?aeai?ieia?? ia cae?cie/iiio o?ainii?o?”, Euea?a, ?998 ?,
“Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie ii?nueei? iaaeeoeeie”, Iaeana 1999 ?.

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 5 noaoae, 3 iaoiaee/ieo
iin?aieea, 3 oace, iaea?aeaii na?aeioeoai ia aaoi?nuee? i?aaa ia
eiii’thoa?iee ineoiae?aaiinoe/iee eiiieaen “Eiinoe”.

Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy o i?aeoeeo. ?ic?iaeai? ? ai?iaaaeaeai? a i?aeoeeo
i?ioan?eiiai iaeyaeo ii?ye?a eiii’thoa?iee ineoiae?aaiinoe/iee eiiieaen
“Eiinoe”, iaoiaee/i? aeac?aee ?c canoinoaaiiy oanoo “?oea”.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa i?aaenoaaeaia ia
144 noi??ieao, neeaaea?oueny c anooio, iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e, iieno
iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy, ?icae?e?a iniaenoeo aeine?aeaeaiue,
caeeth/aiiy, aeniiae?a, ia?ae?eo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae (194),
aeiaeaoe?a. ?iaioa ?ethno?iaaia 17 oaaeeoeyie, 5 iaethieaie.

Iniiaiee ci?no ?iaioe.

Iaoa??aee oa iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. A iniiao ?iaioe iieeaaeai?
iane?aeee aeine?aeaeaiue ii?ye?a, ye? i?ioiaeeee iaaee/iee iaeyae o
iie?ee?i?oe? ?3 ieaaneeaaeo (104 in?a), ieaaneeaaeo e?th?iaiaeo eiiiai?e
(285 in?a). Oaeiae aoee iaeyioo? oai?? c aa?eo?eiaaiith
iie?ia?eicaeaaei?noth, ye? i?ioiaeeee iaeyae ? e?eoaaiiy a iaeani?e
ineo?ao?e/i?e e?ea?i? (71 iniaa), oai?? c ae?aaiicii “iinoo?aaiaoe/ia
aioeaoaeiiao?y”, ye? i?ioiaeeee e?eoaaiiy o iaa?ieia?/iiio noaoe?iia??
(47 in?a), oai?? c ae?aaiicii “ae?aceiaa oai?iaa oeoieo oa
aeaaiaaeoeyoeiaei? eeoee», ye? i?ioiaeeee e?eoaaiiy a oa?aiaaoe/iiio
noaoe?iia?? (48 in?a), iniae ?c caaa?oaiith no?oeeaeaeueiith ni?iaith
(16 in?a). A eaai?aoi?iiio aenia?eiaioaeueii-ineoieia?/iiio
aeine?aeaeaii? i?eeiyee o/anoue 53 i?aeoe/ii caei?iaeo /ieia?ea a?eii
17-38 ?ie?a c aeuith ina?oith.

Aanue eiioeiaaio ii?ye?a aoei ?iciiae?eaii ia a?oie ca a?eii ?
i?ioan?eiei noaaeai (oaae.1).

Oaaeeoey 1

No?oeoo?a aeine?aeaeoaaiiai eiio?iaaioo ii?ye?a

Aeae eeaneo?eaoe??Eiiaiaeiee neeaae?yaeiaee neeaaeAnueiai168221Ca
ianii?oiei a?eii

1 a?oia 19-30 ?ie?a

2 a?oia 31-40 ?ie?a

3 a?oia 41-50 ?ie?a

4 a?oia aieueo 50 ?ie?a

51

55

38

24

93

61

46

21Ca i?ioan?eiei noaaeai:

1 a?oia — 0 ?ie?a

2 a?oia – 1-2 ?ie?a

3 a?oia – 3-10 ?ie?a

4 a?oia 10-20 ?ie?a

5 a?oia aieueo 20 ?ie?a

23

25

36

38

46

38

43

61

48

31

Eiio?ieuei? a?oie neeaee iniae aa?aaiaeo niaoe?aeueiinoae, ye? ia
io?eioaaee iaaei??ieo no?aniaeo iaaaioaaeaiue i?e aeeiiaii? nai?o
iaia’yce?a.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeeny ca noaiith:

1. Ca?? aiaiiaco.

2. Aecia/aiiy ineoio?c?ieia?/ieo iieaciee?a IIE, ?iaeaen?a Ea?aei,
Eaaana, ?ia?iniia, a?eiai? oaaae, iai’yo?, ?ioaeaeoo, ?ooeeaino?
ia?aiaeo i?ioean?a.

C. Aei aenia?eiaioaeueii-ineoieia?/iiai ianoaaeaiiy aoiaeeee iaoiaeeee
II?I (II?E), IEA I. Ethoa?a, IIA E.Niiae?, oano “?oea”.

Iaea?aeai? oeeo?ia? aeai? ia/enethaaeenue ia ia?niiaeueiiio eiii’thoa??
ca aeiiiiiaith noaoenoe/ii? i?ia?aie “Statgraphics”. Aiae?c iane?aee?a
ca i?iaiaeeany iaoiaeaie aa??aoe?eii? noaoenoeee ? ioe?ithaaany
e?eoa???i Nouethaeaioa. Iiaeaeueoa ?iaioa i?iaiaeeeanue ca aeiiiiiaith
oaeoi?iiai aiae?co.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy oa ?o iaaiai?aiiy. Aoea ?ic?iaeaia
eiioeaioe?y ineoiaeeiai?/iiai i?aeoiaeo aei ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? aeaieo,
iaea?aeaieo ca aeiiiiiaith aeuacaaaeaieo iaoiaeee. A ?? iniiao eyaea
a?iioaca i?i oa, ui iacaeaaeii a?ae canoiniaaii? i?e iaeyae? ii?ye?a
ineoiaeeiai?/ii? iaoiaeeee aeyaey?oueny eeoa no?oeoo?a ineoieia?/ieo
caoenieo iaoai?ci?a iniae. Ia iniia? aeacaii? a?iioace aoa
cai?iiiiiaaiee ineoiaeeiai?/iee i?aeo?ae aei ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? iane?aee?a,
iaea?aeaieo ca aeiiiiiaith ae?aaiinoe/ieo iaoiaeee, a oiio /ene? II??
(II?E), IEA I. Ethoa?a, IIA E. Niiae?.

O aeiaaeeo i?eeiyooy aaoi?nueeeo oai?aoe/ieo ia?aaeoiia ca iniiao noaio
aa??aio?a caoenoo a?ae o?eaiae iiaeia oyaeoe o aeaeyae? ?en. 1.

Niiaoecaoe?y o?eaiae Aeai?an?y Aeoeniaiiy oaeoi??a ui
aeeeeeathoue o?eaiao

A?ae?aaaoaaiiy o?eaiae O?EAIAA Iai?a?ieueiaa ?aeaioeo?eaoe?y

ia ??ai? iiaaae?iee

?ea?aei?noue O?enaoe?y o?eaiae Aooecaoe?y Caia?a/aiiy

aoaeoo ? iaiaaeoaaeueia iiaaae?iea o?eaiae ?

a?iiiai?aeaeuei?

oaiaeaioe??

Nioe?aeueia ?io?iaa?n?y

?en. 1. Aa??aioe ?aaeoeoeaaiiy iniaenoi? o?eaiae.

Icia/aia noaia caoenoo a?ae o?eaiae iieyaa? a iniia? iiaeae? iniae, ui
aecia/a?oueny iieooaaeueieeii MMPI ? eiai a?o/eciyiith iiaeeo?eaoe??th –
iieooaaeueieeii II?E. O oeueiio aeiaaeeo aa??aioe caoenoo a?ae o?eaiae
?iciiae?eythoueny ca?aeii iiia?ai ee?ie/ii? oeaee: “1” — “Niiaoecaoe?y
o?eaiae” (Hs), “2” – “Aeai?an?y” (D), “3” – “Aeoeniaiiy oaeoi??a, ui
aeeeeeathoue o?eaiao”, (Hy) “4” – “A?ae?aaaoaaiiy o?eaiae ia ??ai?
iiaaae?ie?” (Pd), “5” — “Iai?a?ieueiaa ?aeaioeo?eaoe?y” (Mf), “6” –
“?ea?aeiinoue aoaeoo” (Pa), “7” – “O?enaoe?y o?eaiae ? iaiaaeoaaeueia
iiaaae?iea” (Pt), “8” – “Aooecaoe?y” (Sc), “9” – “Caia?a/aiiy o?eaiae ?
a?iiiai?eaeuei? oaiaeaioe??” (Ma), “0” — Nioe?aeueia ?io?iaa?n?y (Si).

O oeueiio aeiaaeeo iniiai? oaiaeaioe??, ui aeyaeythoueny i?aeaeuaieie
cia/aiiyie oeaee, c ineoiaeeiai?/ii? oi/ee ci?o neeaaeaoeiooueny oaeei
/eiii:

— ia?oa oeaea (Hs). I?eaiiaeaiiy niiioaiiino? (o. ca. iai?eioniaino?,
aaciina?aaeiino? ?aaeoe?e), no?eioaaiiy aeoeaii? naii?aae?caoe??, no?ao
ia?aae iane?aeeaie aeanieo ?iioeueneaieo oaiaeaioe?e, ui iiaeia
?icaeyaeaoe ye iaaeeeoeiaee eiio?ieue Noia?-Aai, ui i?ecaiaeeoue aei
iaa?iciiiae?aieo ?aaeoe?e. Cieaeaiiy iieaciee?a oeaee Hs aeieo? iaoai?ci
?io?aineo?/ii? aaeaioaoe??, yeee i?ecaiaeeoue aei niiaoecaoe??
aioo??oiuei? iai?oae, iaoiiaeaii? c?oeiaiiyi eiioe?eoieo oaiaeaioe?e.

— ae?oaa oeaea (D). Iani?iiiaei?noue a?aeae?eeoe naaa a?ae iaaeieeoi?o
ia’?eo?a, ? ao?aoa ia’?eoo a?ae/oaa?oueny ye ao?aoa /anoeie aeanii?
iniae. Oeaea D a iaea?eueo?e i??? o ii??aiyii? c ?ioeie oeaeaie
a?aeaeca?eaeth? aeieeiaiiy ?aaeoeaii? o?eaiae. O?eaiaa, aeieeath/e ye
noa’?eoeaia a?aeia?aaeaiiy ii?ooaii? ineoiaaaaoaoeaii?
(iae?i-aaaaoaoeaii?, iae?i-aoii?aeueii?) ??aiiaaae, neoaeeoue iaea?eueo
?ioeiiei iaoai?ciii ineo?/iiai no?ano oa iieyaa? a iniia? a?eueoi?
/anoeie ineoiiaoieia?/ieo i?iya?a.

— o?aoy oeaea (Hy). Aeniea ni?iiiaei?noue aei aeoeniaiiy, ui aeicaiey?
aoaeoeaii onoaaoe o?eaiao, a oie aea /an oneeaaeith? oi?ioaaiiy
aeinoaoiuei noaei? iiaaae?iee. Aeoea?caoe?y ineoieia?/iiai caoeniiai
iaoai?cio aeoeniaiiy ? iiyaa eiai na?aae aaaeo/eo caoenieo iaoai?ci?a
?iaeea?aea iia’ycaia c iaiiaeeea?noth caoenoo a?ae aioo??oi?o ?
ciai?oi?o eiioe?eo?a, ye? i?ecaiaeyoue aei iniaenoi? aeacaaeaioaoe?? ca
?aooiie a?eueo aoaeoeaieo caoenieo iaoai?ci?a. Cieaeaiiy oeaee Hy iiaea
?icaeyaeaoeny ye ii?ooaiiy niiioaiiinoe iiaaae?iee ? ii?ooaiiy
i?aeiniaenoeo eiioaeo?a c ?ioeie, ciaioaiiy oiea?aioiino? a ae?iaae?.

— /aoaa?oa oeaea (Pd). Noaa?eueii aenie? iieacieee ca 4-ith oeaeith —
iciaea o?ii?/ii? aeacaaeaioaoe??, ui iiaea aooe ye iino?eiith
aeanoea?noth iniae, oae ? iaaooith ye?noth a ?acoeueoao? iaoieia?/iiai
?icaeoeo aai i?ioeano. C ineoiaeeiai?/ii? oi/ee ci?o /aoaa?oa oeaea ?
a?aeia?aaeaiiyi oaiaeaioe?e, aeo?aeieo c Aiii (Iae), ui ianooue a nia?
e?a?aeiciee ? aa?aneaiee ca?yaee. Cieaeaiiy iieaciee?a oeaee Pd aeaco?
ia aeieaaeo i?iya?a ?inoeieoeaieo ii?eaaiue /a?ac noa’?eoeaii a?ae/ooi?
ciai?oi? aai aioo??oi? caai?iie, ui iiaea a?aeia?aaeaoeny a i?aeaeuaii?
oeaee Hs. O?enaoe?y ia ??ai? iana?aeiieo i?ioean?a oaeiai caoeniiai
iaoai?cio caoenoo a?ae o?ono?aoe?? iiaea a?aeaeca?eaethaaoenue o
ooieoe?iiaeueieo ii?ooaiiyo noaoaaeo ooieoe?e o ii?ye?a.

— i’yoa oeaea (Mf). I?aeaeuai? iieacieee ca 5-ith oeaeith a aoaeue-yeiio
i?io?e? icia/athoue a?aeoeeaiiy a?ae oeiiai? aeey aeaii? noao? ?ieaai?
iiaaae?iee ? oneeaaeiaiiy naenoaeueii? aaeaioaoe??, ui aeaco? ia
o?oaeiiu? o a?aeiioaii? c nai?th noaooth ? cia/i? o?oaeiiu? a
aaeaioaoe?? a i?aeiniaiaeo a?aeiioaiiyo, ui aeey niaoeeo?ee ii?nueei?
i?aoe? ? iniaeeaei oaeoi?ii, yeee ni?ey? ?icaeoeo ineo?/ii?
aeacaaeaioaoe?? a oiiaao ?aeno.

— oinoa oeaea (Pa). Iaeoa?aeoa?i?oith ?enith in?a ia?aiieyeueiiai oeio ?
noeeuei?noue aei oi?ioaaiiy oae caaieo iiiaaeaa?o?nieo ?aeae. Oe? ?aea?
iinooiiai iaieiae?aathoue ?oiueith na?aeii?noth ? aecia/athoue aieea ia
anth iiaaae?ieo. Iniaeea?noth in?a, ui iathoue aenie? iieacieee ca
oinoith oeaeith, ? iaea?eueo aeniea no?anino?ee?noue, yea, o naith
/a?ao, iia’ycaia c iaea?eueoei aeaea?aeii iii?o ciai?oi?i ? aioo??oi?i
oaeoi?ai, ye? aieeaathoue ia ?iaeea?aea.

Ee?i?/i? niinoa?aaeaiiy iieacothoue, ui aaaaoi oai?eo ia ia?aiiy
ciaoiaeyoueny o nioe?aeuei?e ?cieyoe??, ia aeinyaathoue i/?eoaaiiai
??aiy aeinyaiaiue ? /anoi ci?iththoueny a eoeueoo?iiio a?aeiioaii?.
A?eueo niaoeeo?/i? ineoiaeeiai?/i? oai???, ui noinothoueny ao?ieia?? oa
aaiethoe?? ia?aiiy, aeeth/athoue eiioeaioe?? i?i oa, ui ia oeae ?iceaae
no?aaeaeathoue a?ia?naiceoeai? noa’?eoe c ??ciiiai?oieie aeaeaie
aiioe?eiiai iacaoenoo (iai?eeeaae, oaeee noa’?eo iiaea caciaaaoe no?ao
noaoe aiiinaenoae?noii); o oaeeo in?a a?aecia/athoueny oaeiae oae?
aaiiaoai?cie, ye no?oeoo?a i?ioeae??, i?iaeoe?? ? caia?a/aiiy. Oe?
a?iioace aacothoueny ia ?ao?iniaeoeaieo aeaieo ineoiaiae?co, ye?
io?eiai? o oai?eo c ia?aiiyi.

O?aeae aaaaeaa, ui oeyoii eiioeaioe?e ia?aiiy a?aeaoaa?oueny caoeno a?ae
iaona?aeiieaieo aiiinaenoaeueieo oaiaeaioe?e c aeiiiiiaith caia?a/aiiy ?
i?iaeoe??, aea ee?i?/i? niinoa?aaeaiiy ia i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue oe???
a?iioace, aenoiooi? O?aeaeii. Cia/ia /enei oai?eo ia ia?aiiy ia aeyaey?
aiiinaenoaeueio noeeuei?noue, a a?eueo?noue aiiinaenoaeueieo in?a ia
aeyaeythoue neiioii?a ia?aiie? aai ia?aiiy. Aea ee?i?/iee aeina?ae
iieaco?, ui oai?ei i?eiineoue ei?enoue ineoioa?aiaaoe/aia e?eoaaiiy, yea
aaco?oueny ia oeeo oai??yo.

— nueiia oeaea (Pt). ? eiinoeoooe?iiaeueiith noeeuei?noth aei aeieeiaiiy
o?eaiaeieo ?aaeoe?e ? iia’ycaia c o?eaiaeii-iaaeoieeaei oeiii iniae.
Aenie? iieacieee nueiii? oeaee — oeaee noai?/iiai ?aa?no?o, aeacothoue
ia iaoai?ci eiiiainaoe?? o?eaiaeiino?.

— ainueia oeaea (Sc). O oeo aeiaaeeao, eiee iaa?oue iacia/i? o?ono?aoe??
aaaeooue aei aeieeiaiiy no?eeeo ? o?eaaeeo iaaaoeaieo aiioe?e, a
eiiiainaoe?y aeinyaa?oueny oeyoii aeenoaioe?thaaiiy (oaiaeaioe?? aei
aeio?eiaiiy oiia “ineoioe/ii? aeenoaioe??” i?ae niaith ? iaaeieeoi?i
na?oii, ui aeicaiey? ni?eeiaoe, ui a?aeaoaa?oueny iaiiaae “caieo”) ?
aoa/? c aeiae?eey o aioo??oi?e na?o, o i?io?e? cae/aeii a?aecia/a?oueny
ye i?e ca ainueiith oeaeith. A ee?ie/ii iai?oanoiaaieo aeiaaeeao iiaa
eaea i?i oeci?aeiee neiae?ii. Oa?i?i “oeci?aeiee neiae?ii” icia/a? oo
oa?aeoa?io aeey iiaeeo?eaoe?e iniae ca oeci?aeiei oeiii noeoii?noue
neiioii?a, ui aeeth/a? a naaa aiioe?eio oieiaei?noue ? iaaaeaeaaoi?noue
aiioe?e, iniaeea?noue ni?eeiyooy ? noaeaeaiue, ui ciaoiaeeoue nai?
a?aeia?aaeaiiy a aeeaieo aai iacae/aeieo aeoieao ? a/eieao, aea??eiaino?
aai iiaa?oiaino? eiioaeo?a. Iaecaaaeuei?oith iniaeea?noth in?a
oeci?aeiiai (aai aooenoe/iiai) oeio ? a?aenooi?noue ?aeiino? ?
iiaiaeaeaiino? ineo?/ii? ae?yeueiino?, aeeaaeoaao?noue ?
ia?aaeienaeuei?noue ieneaiiy, aiioe?e ? iiaaae?iee. C ineoiaeeiai?/ii?
oi/ee ci?o, cieaeaiiy oeaee Sc i?aeaeuo? ?ea?aei?noue, cieaeo?
aaeaioiaai?noue, i?aeaeuo? iaa?thaai?noue ca ?aooiie ciaioaiiy ?en
?iaeea?aeoae?noe/iino?.

— aeaa’yoa oeaea (Ma). O oeo aeiaaeeao, eiee iniiaiei caniaii
ae?i?iaoe?? o?ono?oth/eo noeioe?a ? caia?a/aiiy aoaeue-yeeo
oneeaaeiaiue, o?eaiae, nai?? ? /oaei? aeie (?iioieo?ai? ?aaeoe??), oi
i?io?eue iaoiaeeee oa?aeoa?eco?oueny i?eii ia 9-e oeae?. Oaiaeaioe?y
caia?a/oaaoe o?eaiao aeneiaeth?oueny cae/aeii a?aenooi?noth niiioaieo
iaaaaeoaaiue i?i aoaeue-ye? o?oaeiiu?, ui iiaeooue ?? aeeeeeaoe, ae?acii
ciaaaae aei o?oaeiiu?a, ui aeaeea?othoueny iioei?ciii. C
ineoiaeeiai?/ii? oi/ee ci?o i?aeaeuaiiy aeaa’yoi? oeaee aeaco? ia
aeeth/aiiy aei neeaaeo iniaenoiai a?ae?aaaoaaiiy niinia?a, oa?aeoa?ieo
aeey i?aeueii? oace ineoinaenoaeueiiai ?icaeoeo, ui aeaco? ia
?ioaioeeuei? oaiaeaioe??.

O i?iaaaeaiiio eiiieaeniiio ianoaaeaii? ii?ye?a aoei aeyaeaii oe?ieee
niaeo? i?io?ethth/eo iniaenoi-oeiieia?/ieo ? ineoieia?/ieo yeinoae ?
aeanoeainoae, ui caaacia/othoue aoaeoeaio ? aacaaa??eio i?ioan?eio
ae?yeuei?noue. Aoei aeiaaaeaii, ui i?aeaeuaia oa o?ii?/ia
ia?aiai-aiioe?eia iai?oaeaiiy ? iaa?ae’?iiith /anoeiith oaoiai?
ae?yeueiino? ii?ye?a.

Ca aeaieie aiae?co iane?aee?a ineoio?c?ieia?/iiai iaeyaeo c?iaeai
aeniiaie i?i oa, ui iieacieee ooieoe?iioaaiiy na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie
? ?aca?aieo iiaeeeainoae i?aai?cio a in?a ?yaeiaiai neeaaeo a??ia?aeii
ieae/a ii??aiyii c eiiaiaeiei neeaaeii. O a?oi? ?yaeiaiai neeaaeo,
ii??aiyii c eiiaiaeiei, iaaaoeaia aeeiai?ea ineoio?c?ieia?/ieo yeinoae
a?aeaoaa?oueny a?eueo ?ioaineaii. Iniaeeai aeae?eythoueny ci?ie ianyao
oa ?iciiae?eo oaaae, ?ioaeaeooaeueii? ooieoe??, ?ooeeaino? ia?aiaeo
i?ioean?a (?iaeaen Eaaana t = 2,3*, ?iaeaen ?ia?iniia t = 2,3* (t* —
aeinoia??i?noue a?aei?iiinoae i?ae a?oiaie ianoaaeoaaieo (p<0,05)). Iane?aeee ianoaaeaiiy ca aeiiiiiaith aenia?eiaioaeueii-ineoieia?/ieo iaoiaeee aeyaeee ii??aiyii c eiio?ieueieie a?oiaie iniaeeaino?, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue a?oio ii?ye?a. ?en. 2. Iane?aeee io?eiaieo aeine?aeaeaiue i?e iaeyae? ii?ye?a ? in?a eiio?ieueieo a?oi ca iaoiaeeeith II?E. Iane?aeee, io?eiai? o ii?ye?a ? a eiio?ieueieo a?oiao ca iaoiaeeeith II?E, iaaaaeai? ia ?en.2, iieacaee, ui iieacia ciai?oi? aeaaiiieo//y, oiaaiai?noue o nia?, iiceoeaia naiiioe?iea, i???ioaoe?y ia iioi?io ?ooii?noue, ye? aeyaeai? a a?oi? ii?ye?a, ? iio?aeieie a?ae aeoeaiiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy ineoieia?/ieo caoenieo iaoai?ci?a, iniaeeai oaeeo, ye caia?a/aiiy ? aeoeniaiiy, ye? ia aeathoue iiaeeeaino? caaaeaii ni?eeiaoe iiae?? ? ?aoe?iiaeueii i?aeoiaeeoe aei ?nioth/eo oiia aeeooy oa i?aoe?. Aea o aeiaaeeao, eiee niin?a iiaaae?iee ? aaeaioaoe??, aeei?enoaiee ii?yeaie aei ?nioth/eo ianoaaei, ? iaaoaeoeaiei, oi a ie?aieo in?a iaeiei c aa??aio?a ineoieia?/ii? aaeaioaoe?? iiaeooue aooe no?oeeaeaeuei? iai??e. I?e/iio iniaeno? iniaeeaino? ?yaeiaiai neeaaeo ii??aiyii c eiiaiaeiei aeacothoue ia a?eueo aenieee ?ecee ?icaeoeo ineo?/ii? aeacaaeaioaoe??. I?e aiae?c? oaiaeaioe?e, ye? aeyaeythoueny iaoiaeeeith II?E, aeiaaaeaii, ui ii i??? c?inoaiiy ieaanoaaeo o ii?ye?a, iniaeeai a?eii a?ae 40-50 ?ie?a, i?aeaeuo?oueny ?ecee aeieeiaiiy aeenoei?/ieo ? ia?aii?aeieo ?iceaae?a. Ca?eueoaiiy noaaeo ii?aieaaaiiy aeey eiiaiaeiiai neeaaeo a?aeaeaa?oueny ni?eyoeeai, a inia? ii?yea a?aeaoaathoueny ci?ie, ui iathoue oaiaeaioe?th aei noaa?e?caoe??, o??aiiaaaeaiino? ? i?aeaeuaiiy iaae?eiino? a ?iaio?, a a ?yaeiaiio neeaae? ?c ca?eueoaiiyi noaaeo ii?aieaaaiiy cieaeo?oueny oiea?aioi?noue aei ia?aiai-aiioe?eiiai iai?oaeaiiy ? c?inoa? ?ecee ?icaeoeo ineo?/ii? aeacaaeaioaoe??. I?aee?aneth?oueny, ui o in?a ?yaeiaiai neeaaeo, ye? iathoue noaae a?eueoa 20 ?ie?a, o aeiaaeeo ci?ie oiia i?ioan?eii? ae?yeueiino? iiaeooue ?icaeiooeny aeai?aneai? ?iceaaee. C iaoith aecia/aiiy eaoaioieo iciae ineo?/ii? aeacaaeaioaoe?? i?e iaeyae? ii?ye?a canoiniaoaaany iaoiae ii?o?aoieo aeai??a E. Niiae?. Aeai?, io?eiai? ca iane?aeeaie ianoaaeaiiy ieaaneeaaeo, aiae?coaaeenue ii??aiyii c aeaieie in?a eiio?ieueii? a?oie, a oaeiae c iniaaie, ye? i?ioiaeeee e?eoaaiiy a iaa?ieia?/iiio oa oa?aiaaoe/iiio noaoe?iia?ao. Caaaeath/e ia oa, ui ioe?iee, iaea?aeai? ca iane?aeeaie canoinoaaiiy iaoiaeo E.Niiae?, ioe?iththoueny ye?nii ? aa??aoeai?noue cia/aiue neeaaea? /ioe?e iniiai? ioe?iee /0, ±, +, —/, oi ei?aeoiei ? aea/aiiy iiaeaeueieo oa?aeoa?enoee cia/aiiy oaeoi??a. Oaaeeoey 2 Iiaeaeueiee aea?? E.Niiae? a?oie ii?ye?a Oaeoi?e Niiae?SPSchChsehykpdmia?aaei?e ieai+—+——00+caaei?e ieai+0+——+—0 Aoei anoaiiaeaii, ui no?oeoo?a iana?aeiieo oaiaeaioe?e iniaenoino? ii?yea oa?aeoa?eco?oueny iaa?ioe/iith no?oeoo?ith Aai, yea aeaco? ia aioo??oith eiioe?eoi?noue ? iaa?aeiia?aei?noue aioo??oi?o iio?aa ia?aaeeaaiue. C iaoith ?icaeyaeo aeeiai?ee ci?i no?oeoo?e iana?aeiieo i?ioean?a any aea??ea aoea ?icae?eaia ca a?eii ? noaaeai ?iaioe. Oaaeeoey 3 Na?aaei? iiaeaeuei? aeai?e ca Niiae? i?e ?iciiae?e? ca a?eii A?oie*Oaeoi?e Niiae? (ia?aaei?e ieai)SPSchChsehykpdm1+—+——+0+2+—+——+—+3+—+——0—+4+————00+ A?oie*Oaeoi?e Niiae? (caaei?e ieai)SPSchChsehykpdm1+0+——+—02+0+——+—03+0+————040—+00—I?ei?oea:*aeea. oaae. 1. Iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe aeacothoue ia oa?aeoa?io aeey caaaeueiiai i?io?eth no?oeoo?o iana?aeiieo i?ioean?a o ii?ye?a ea?oeio aaeoi?a N o a?oi? 1 i?e caa??aaii? ii?iaoeaii? ea?oeie i?io?eth a ?ioeo aaeoi?ao. A?oia 2 ia? iaea?eueo noaa?eueio ea?oeio iana?aeiieo i?ioean?a. A?oia 3 oa?aeoa?eco?oueny aeieeiaiiyi iaa?ioe/ii? no?oeoo?e Sch-aaeoi?a, yea aeaco? ia noeeuei?noue aei ?iceaae?a iaa?ioe/iiai ?aa?no?o. Oea iiaea ?icaeyaeaoeny ye ?i?oe?aoe?y cieaeaiiy oiea?aioiino? aei ia?aiai-ineo?/iiai iai?oaeaiiy ii?nueei? i?aoe?. A a?oi? in?a noa?oa 60 ?ie?a (4) c’yaeythoueny iciaee ai?ciae?a aeenoi?e/iiai iano?ith (s-,e-, hy-), ui ? eaoaioiith ociaeith iaa?ioe/ii? aeai?an?? (aeai?aneaiiai iaa?ico), ii?ooaiiy aaeaioaoe??. E??i oeueiai, ia caaeiueiio ieai? o ii?ye?a a?oie (4), o aaeoi?? Sch c’yaey?oueny ea?oeia “ae?ii/iai i?ii?iiai ss” (e0 ?±) ? o aaeoi?? N ia caaeiueiio ieai? aeieea? ea?oeia e?eciaeo a?aeiioaiue c ioi/oth/eie, a?aeoi?aiaiiyi naaa a?ae ieo. Aeyaeai? oaiaeaioe?? aeicaieythoue i?eionoeoe, ui i?e ii?ooaii? noa?aioeio nioe?aeueieo a?aeiioaiue ? aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? a oiiaao ?aeno i?eieiaiiy i?ioan?eii? aeoeaiino?, iia’ycaii? c ii?aieaaaiiyi, a?aoiaoth/e no?oeoo?io aeece?noue aeenoei?? ? aeai?an??, ia aeeeth/a? aeieeiaiiy aeoiie i?i iniaenoo iaei?eni?noue ? iaeioe?ii?noue, ui iiaea i?eaanoe aei no?oeeaeaeueieo ae?e. Oaeei /eiii, iiaeia c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i ?nioaaiiy eaoaioieo iciae aeai?aneaieo ?iceaae?a o in?a noa?oa 60 ?ie?a ? aeeiai?/i? iaaaoeai? ci?ie no?oeoo?e iana?aeiieo i?ioean?a o ii?ye?a ii i??? ca?eueoaiiy a?ieia?/iiai a?eo o oae?e iine?aeiaiino?: Ii?ooaiiy no?oeoo?e i?aeiniaenoeo a?aeiioaiue —— noaa?e?caoe?y no?oeoo?e iana?aeiiiai aeieeiaiiy iaa?ioe/ii? no?oeoo?e Aai aeieeiaiiy eaoaioieo iciae aeai?aneaiiai iaa?ico. Oaaeeoey 4 Iiaeaeuei? aeai?e ca iaoiaeii ii?o?aoieo aeai??a E.Niiae? i?e ?iciiae?e? ca noaaeai ?iaioe (eiiaiaeiee neeaae) A?oie*Oaeoi?e Niiae? (ia?aaei?e ieai)SPSchChsehykpdm1+—+——+—!+2+00——+—3+—+——+0+4+—+——0—+5+—0——00+ A?oie*Oaeoi?e Niiae? (caaei?e ieai)SPSchChsehykpdm1+++——0—02++——+—+3+0+—++04—0+0—+—+50—+——0I?ei?oea: *aeea. oaae. 1. Ioe?ithth/e no?oeoo?o iana?aeiieo i?ioean?a ca iaoiaeii E.Niiae?, a in?a ia?oi? a?oie eiiaiaeiiai neeaaeo caa?oa? ia naaa oaaao iaaaoeaia ye?nia ia?aaaioaaeaiiy d-oaeoi?a, ui aeaco? ia iacaeaoi?noue oaeaeei ia?aaoaeoaaoeny ia aeeiiaiiy ?ioiai caaaeaiiy aai ?iaioe, oia?o?noue o nai?o ia?aeiiaiiyo ? nenoai? oe?iiinoae, iaaeinoaoith caeaoi?noue aei ?aaaoaaiiy ne?aeii ca ci?iith neooaoe?? ? iioaioe?eiith iiaeeea?noth aeoea?caoe?? iaa?ioe/ii? no?oeoo?e Aai (caaeiueiieaiiaa ea?oeia aaeoi?a Sch). Iniae ae?oai? a?oie oa?aeoa?ecothoueny eiioeaio?aoe??th ia nai?o aioo??oi?o ia?aaeeaaiiyo /e0, hy-/, iacaeaoi?noth aei ia?aaoaeiae nenoaie a?aeiioaiue c ioi/oth/eie. A?aei?/a?oueny aeniea a??ia?aei?noue iiyae i?iaeai o ?iaeeiiiio aeeoo? (d-, m±, o niieo/aii? c caaeiueiieaiiaith ea?oeiith h±, s+). Aeacai? oaiaeaioe?? iiaeooue aooe eiiiainiaai? ca ?aooiie i?ioan?eii? ae?yeueiico?, cae??iethth/e oaeei /eiii aeaiaioe i?ioan?eii? aeaoi?iaoe??, iia’ycaii? c o?eaaeeie ?aenaie. A?oia 3 oa?aeoa?eco?oueny iciaeaie o?oaeiiu?a o cae?eniaii? c??eeo noinoie?a o i?aeiniaenoeo eiioaeoao, ye? aeyaeythoueny o iacaaeia?euei?e iana?aeii?e iio?aa? c/aiiino?, iacaaeiaieaiino? ?nioth/ith nenoaiith eiioaeo?a c ioi/oth/eie, ?aa?aneaieo noeeueiinoyo, ye? iiaeooue aeyaeyoeny a aeeiaie?caoe??. Aeoiaey/e c caaeiueiieaiiai? ea?oeie aaeoi?o N (d±, m0) ? i?aenoaae aaaaeaoe, ui aeaia ea?oeia iiaea aeacoaaoe ia e?eoe/i?, iiai?ioi? iiiaioe o cae?eniaii? i?ioan?eii? ae?yeueiino?, iniaenoiai aeeooy. A?oia 4 oa?aeoa?eco?oueny iiyaith iaa?ioe/ii? no?oeoo?e Aai, oa?aeoa?ii? aeey in?a ieaaneeaaeo. Iiaeaeueiee i?io?eue ca iaoiaeii ii?o?aoieo aeai??a E. Niiae? a?oie 5 iiaeia ?icaeyaeaoe ye iani?eyoeeaee. Ia oea aeacothoue ?ene ?io?iaa?n?? /a0, hy-/, ea?oeia N-aaeoi?a, iiyaa caaeiueiieaiiai? ea?oeie “caia?a/aii? ae?ii/ino?” a no?oeoo?? aaeoi?a Sch (ko, p±), iciaee iniaenoi? oa i?ioan?eii? e?ece o aaeoi?? eiioaeo?a N (d±, m0). Iaaaaeai? aeai? aeeiai?ee no?oeoo?e iana?aeiieo i?ioean?a i?e ?iciiae?e? ca noaaeai ii?aieaaaiiy aeacothoue ia iaaaoeaio aeeiai?eo iniaenoeo ci?i, yea aeinyaaea naiai iaeneiaeueiiai ae?aaeaiiy a in?a c /enea eiiaiaeiiai neeaaeo, ui iathoue noaae i?ioan?eii? ae?yeueiino? iiiaae 20 ?ie?a. Oaaeeoey 5 Iiaeaeuei? aeai?e ca iaoiaeii ii?o?aoieo aeai??a E.Niiae? i?e ?iciiae?e? ca noaaeai ?iaioe (?yaeiaee neeaae) A?oie*Oaeoi?e Niiae? (ia?aaei?e ieai)SPSchChsehyKpdm1+—+——+0+2+—+——+—+3+—0——004+—+——+0+5+—+——00+A?oie*Oa eoi?e Niiae? (caaei?e ieai)SPSchChsehyKPDm1+0+—0+++2+——+—+3+0+——+—04—++——+—+500+0—0I?ei?oea: *aeea. oaae.1. Iaea?aeai? aeai? ianoaaeaiiy in?a ?yaeiaiai neeaaeo a caeaaeiino? a?ae noaaeo iiaeia oa?aeoa?ecoaaoe oaeei /eiii: A?oia in?a ?yaeiaiai neeaaeo, yea ia ia? ieaanoaaeo (1), ia? ii?ooaiith nenoaiith a?aeiioaiue c ioi/oth/eie. A?oia 2 ia? a?eueo noaa?euei? iieacieee eiioaeo?a, aea ?nio? iaaiee ?ecee aeyaeaiiy aa?aneaii-?iioeueneaieo ai?ciae?a (caaeiueiieaiia? s±, a±) o neooaoe?yo aeiooaiiai i?aeei?aiiy aeuanoiy/ei iniaai, noai caieaeaiiai naiieiio?ieth. A?oia 3 oa?aeoa?eco?oueny iayai?noth iaa?ioe/ii? no?oeoo?e Aai ? cia/ieie i?iaeaiaie o a?aeiioaiiyo c ioi/oth/eie, cie?aia, c ?iaeeiiei ioi/aiiyi. Iniae 4 a?oie iathoue a?eueo noaa?euei? iieacieee ca ?aooiie aeeth/aiiy eiiiainaoi?ieo i?ioean?a. Aea i’yoa a?oia in?a ?yaeiaiai neeaaeo ia? yeino? i?aeoe/ii oaei? ae i?ioan?eii? aeaoi?iaoe??, ui e aiaeia?/ia a?oia in?a c /enea eiiaiaeiiai neeaaeo. Oaeei /eiii, ?icaeyaeath/e aeeiai?eo ci?i o in?a ?yaeiaiai neeaaeo, iiaeia a?aecia/eoe ia?iuoaaiiy iniaenoeo ci?i i?e ca?eueoaii? ieaanoaaeo. Iaiao?aeii i?aee?aneeoe, ui iniae ?yaeiaiai neeaaeo, ii/eiath/e ii?nueeo i?aoeth, iathoue ?ai?o? i?iaeaie o i?aeiniaenoeo a?aeiioaiiyo c ioi/oth/eie, ? o ia?o? 10 ?ie?a ieaanoaaeo oe? ii?ooaiiy iiaeooue aooe noaa?e?ciaai?, aea o iiaeaeueoiio aeeiai?ea ?o no?oeoo?e iana?aeiiiai i?ae aieeaii niaoeeo?ee ii?nueei? i?aoe? oaeiae ci?ith?oueny, ye ? a in?a eiiaiaeiiai neeaaeo. Ia i?aenoaa? iane?aee?a oaeoi?iiai aiae?co aoei aeyaeaii, ui ?nio? niaoeeo?/iee eiiieaen iniaenoeo aeanoeainoae, oa?aeoa?ieo aeey ieaaneeaaeo. A in?a eiiaiaeiiai neeaaeo aecia/athoueny eaoaioi? iciaee ineo?/ii? aeacaaeaioaoe??, ye? iiaeooue aeyaeyoeny o aeaeyae? ineoiniiaoe/ieo ?iceaae?a, ?icaeoeo aeai?aneaiiai iaa?ico, aaeaeeeoeaii? iiaaae?iee (aeeiaie?caoe??). ?yaeiaee neeaae oa?aeoa?eco?oueny noeeuei?noth aei ?aae?caoe?? eiiaa?n?eiiai aeieo ?aaeoe?e o aioo??oiuei?iaeeiiiio ioi/aii?, eaoaioieie iciaeaie e?ei?iaeueii-ineoieia?/iiai eiiieaeno. Iieacieee ?yaeiaiai neeaaeo a?ae??ciythoueny a?ae aeai?ee eiiaiaeiiai neeaaeo iaioeie aaeaioeaieie iiaeeeainoyie, a?eueo aenieeie aeiiaaie aei oiia iioeiaeueiiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy, iaioith oiea?aioi?noth aei ae?? ia?aiai-ineo?/ieo oaeoi??a, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue ii?nueeo i?aoeth. Oaeoi??a, oa?aeoa?ieo aeey in?a c iie?ia?eicaeaaei?noth, i?e ii??aiyeueiiio aiae?c? a?oi o ii?ye?a ia aeyaeaii. Iaea?aeai? iieacieee ca oanoii “?oea” o ii??aiyii? c iane?aeeaie oanoa A. Aaaia?a iieacothoue, ui eiioeaioe?y a?iioace oanoa “?oea” iiaea aooe canoiniaaia aeey ?aiiuei? ae?aaiinoeee ineo?/ii? aeacaaeaioaoe?? ii?ye?a. AENIIAEE 1. Aeei?enoaiiy o?aaeeoe?eieo aa?aaeueieo iieooaaeueiee?a a oiiaao iaaee/iiai iaeyaeo ii?ye?a ? iaaeinoaoiuei aoaeoeaiei ? iio?aao? aeiaeaoeiai? ineoiaeeiai?/ii? ?ioa?i?aoaoe??. 2. Ia i?aenoaa? aeeaeiiiineoieia?/iiai i?aeoiaeo ca aeiiiiiaith aenia?eiaioaeueii-ineoieia?/ieo iaoiaeee iiaeooue aooe aeyaeai? iciaee eaoaioii? ineo?/ii? aeacaaeaioaoe?? ii?ye?a. 3. I?iaeoeai? iaoiaee aenia?eiaioaeueii-ineoieia?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy: ii?o?aoieo aeai??a E.Niiae? ? oano “?oea” — iiaeooue aeei?enoiaoaaoeny aeey aeyaeaiiy i?eoiaaieo iciae ?aiiuei? ineo?/ii? aeacaaeaioaoe?? ii?ye?a, ui ni?ey? i?aeaeuaiith aoaeoeaiino? ia?aae?aeniaiai iaaee/iiai i?ioa?aeai?o. 4. A in?a eiiaiaeiiai neeaaeo i?ney 10 ?ie?a ieaaaiiy ianooia? noaa?e?caoe?y ineoieia?/iiai noaoono ? i?aeaeuaiiy iaae?eiino? a ?iaio?; ?acii c oei, a in?a ?yaeiaiai neeaaeo ?c ca?eueoaiiyi noaaeo ii?aieaaaiiy cieaeo?oueny oiea?aioi?noue aei ia?aiai-aiioe?eiiai iai?oaeaiiy ? c?inoa? ?ecee ?icaeoeo ineo?/ii? aeacaaeaioaoe?? 5. I?e ca?eueoaii? a?ieia?/iiai a?eo ii?ye?a a?aeaoaathoueny iaaaoeai? ci?ie no?oeoo?e iana?aeiieo i?ioean?a, iniaeeai a in?a eiiaiaeiiai neeaaeo i?ney 20 ?ie?a i?ioan?eiiai noaaeo, ia ui aeaco? i?enooi?noue eaoaioieo iciae ineo?/ii? aeacaaeaioaoe??, ye? iiaeooue aeyaeyoeny o aeaeyae? ineoiniiaoe/ieo ?iceaae?a, ?icaeoeo aeai?aneaiiai iaa?ico ? aaeaeeeoeaii? iiaaae?iee. NIENIE ?IA?O, IIOAE?EIAAIEO CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe?? 1. Aeaaei?/ee I.E., AEaeaiiaa I.A Iaoiaee/aneia iiniaea ii ineoiaeeaaiinoeea //Eioi?iaoeeiiii-iaoiaee/aneee aanoiee, 1995, ?1 Ieienoa?noaa o?oaea Oe?aeiu.— Eeaa, 1995.— C.23-54. 2. Aeaaei?/ee I.E., Ae?aaiie?aoeeay I. I. Iiaeoiaeu e i?ioanneia?aiia a?iea?a. Iaoiaee/aneia iiniaea aeey eniieueciaaiey a i?ioeiinoeueoaoeee e i?ioioai?a”. //Eioi?iaoeeiiii-iaoiaee/aneee aanoiee, 1995, ?1 Ieienoa?noaa o?oaea Oe?aeiu.— Eeaa, 1995.— C. 54-73. 3. Aeaaei?/ee I.E., AEaeaiiaa I.A. Eniieueciaaiea iaoiaeia ineoiaiaeeoe/aneie aeeaaiinoeee a ei??aeoeeiiiie ?aaioa. //Ineoieiae/aneay iiiiuue aeaoyi e iiae?inoeai n o?oaeiinoyie a iao/aiee, iiaaaeaiee e yiioeeiiaeueiuie ia?ooaieyie.— Iaeanna, 1996.— C.97—100. 4. Aeaaei?/ee I.E. Iiaeoiaeu e eioa?i?aoaoeee iaoiaea ii?o?aoiuo auai?ia Eaiiieueaea Niiaee. //AEo?iae i?aeoe/aneiai ineoieiaa.— 1997, ? 5.— C.108-109. 5. Aeaaei?/ee I.E. Ineoiaiaeeoe/aneee iiaeoiae e aeeaaiinoeea iniiaiuo naienoa ia?aiie nenoaiu. //Iaoa?.iao/. eiio.: Iiaeiaiaeoaeueii ineoioice/ii aeanoeainoi ethaeeie oa i?ioanieia aeiyeueiinoue.— *a?eane, 1997.— C.14 6. Aeaaei?/ee I.E. Ineoiaeeiaie/aneee iiaeoiae e aiaeeco ee/iinoiie aeacaaeaioaoeee aeaeaciiaei?iaeieeia //I?iaeaie aiaiaie oa aiiaeaiiieiaii ia caeicie/iiio o?ainii?oi.: Iaoa?. 1-i Iiaeia?. iaoe.-i?aeo.eiio.(Eueaia, 23-25 aa?aniy, 1998 ?). — Eueaia, 1998.— N. 194-195. 7. Aeaaei?/ee I. E., Aeaaei?/ee I. A., Oeaaaa A. A., Oeaaaaa I. I. Na?aeioeoai i?i aea?aeaaio ?a?no?aoe?th i?aa aaoi?a ia oa??. Eiii’thoa?iee ineoiae?aaiinoe/iee eiiieaen “Eiinoe”.— Aea?aeaaia aaaionoai Oe?a?ie c aaoi?nueeeo ? noi?aeieo i?aa.— IA ? 1272.—1998. 8. Aeaaei?/ee I.E., Aeaaei?/ee I.A., Inyaeei Y.I. “Iaoiaee/aneia ?oeiaiaenoai ii i?eiaiaieth ineoiaeeaaiinoe/aneie iaoiaeeee “Hand-test”. Eaia?iai, 1998.- 56 n. 9 Eioi?iaoeeiiiua eenoee ii eiiiuethoa?iui ineoiaeeaaiinoe/aneei i?ia?aiiai: a) “Eiinoe 1” - iaoiae ii?o?aoiuo auai?ia E. Niiaee. a) “Eiinoe 4.1” - iaoiae iiiainoi?iiiaai enneaaeiaaiey ee/iinoe a) “Eiinoe 5.0” - ee/iinoiue ii?iniee Eaooaeea. a) “Eiinoe 8.0” - ioeaiea niaianoeiinoe /eaiia eieeaeoeaa. 10. Aeaaei?/ee I. E. Iiaeoiaeu e ii?aaeaeaieth noeoeeaeaeueiiai ?enea o ?aaioieeia ii?neiai e ?a/iiai o?ainii?oa Oe?aeiu. //Aanoiee ii?neie iaaeeoeeiu, 1999.—? 1(5).- N. 6-10. 11. Aeaaei?/ee I.E., Aeaaei?/ee I.A, Inyaeei Y.I. Ia?niaeoeau i?eiaiaiey i?iaeoeaiuo iaoiaeee aeey ?aiiae aeeaaiinoeee ineoe/aneie aeacaaeaioaoeee ieaaninoaaa a oneiaeyo i?ioioai?a //Aanoiee ii?neie iaaeeoeeiu, 1999.—? 2(6).- N. 8-12. 12. Aeaaei?/ee I.E. Iiaeeeaino? canoinoaaiiy ineoiaeeiai?/iiai i?aeoiaeo uiaei ioe?ithaaiiy iniaenoino? o ae?aaiinoeoe? ineoiniiaoe/ieo caoai?thaaiue. //Iaeanueeee iaaee/iee aeo?iae, 1999.—? 3 (53).- N. 65-67. 13. Aeaaei?/ee I.E. N?aaieoaeueiay yooaeoeaiinoue i?eiaiaiey ineoiaeeaaiinoe/aneeo iaoiaeee o ii?yeia. //Aanoiee ii?neie iaaeeoeeiu, 1999.—? 3(7).- N. 46-49. AIIOAOe?? Aeaaei?/ee I.?. Iaoiaee ineoiaeeiai?/ii? ae?aaiinoeee o eiiieaeniiio iaaee/iiio iaeyae? ii?ye?a.-?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy a/aiiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 14.01.34-“Aa?aoe?eia, eini?/ia oa ii?nueea iaaeeoeeia”-AeI Oe?a?inueeee iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee ?inoeooo ii?nueei? iaaeeoeeie, Iaeana, 1999. Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii aeine?aeaeaiith oa iaa?oiooaaiith ineoiaeeiai?/ieo ae?aaiinoe/ieo iaoiae?a o eiiieaeniiio iaaee/iiio iaeyae? ii?ye?a. Ca aeaieie i?iaaaeaiiai ianoaaeaiiy a?oi ii?ye?a eiiaiaeiiai oa ?yaeiaiai neeaae?a, in?a eiio?ieueii? a?oie ca aeiiiiiaith ineoio?c?ieia?/ieo oa aenia?eiaioaeueieo iaoiaeee aoee aeyaeai? niaoeeo?/i? aeey ii?ye?a aeanoeaino? iniae ? eaoaioi? iciaee ineo?/ii? aeacaaeaioaoe??. Iaoeiai iaa?oioiaai? iaoiaee ineoiaeeiai?/ii? ae?aaiinoeee oa iiaeeo?eaoe?y ?ioa?i?aoaoe?eieo cania?a aei o?aaeeoe?eieo ineoiae?aaiino?/ieo iaoiaeee o neooaoe?? i?ioan?eiiai a?aeai?o ii?ye?a. Iaea?aeai? aeai?, ye? aoee ?icaeyioo? a ineoiaeeiai?/iiio eeth/?, aeicaieythoue i?iaiaeeoe ?aiith ae?aaiinoeeo iciae ineo?/ii? aeacaaeaioaoe??, ineoiniiaoe/ii? i?aaeeniiceoe?? oa noeeueiino? aei aaeaeeeoeaii? iiaaae?iee i?ae /an iaaee/iiai iaeyaeo ii?ye?a. Ia iniia? i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue aoa noai?aiee oa cai?iiiiiaaiee aei canoinoaaiiy o i?ioan?eiiio a?aeai?? ii?ye?a eiii'thoa?iee ineoiae?aaiinoe/iee eiiieaen “Eiinoe”. Eeth/ia? neiaa: ineoiaeeiai?/i? iaoiaee ae?aaiinoeee, ineo?/ia aeacaaeaioaoe?y, iaaee/iee iaeyae, ii?yee. Aeaaei?/ee I.E. Iaoiaeu ineoiaeeiaie/aneie aeeaaiinoeee a eiiieaeniii iaaeeoeeineii inaeaeaoaeuenoaaiee ii?yeia. – ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeeoeeineeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14.01.34 – aaeaoeeiiiay, einie/aneay e ii?neay iaaeeoeeia. – AI “Oe?aeineee IEE ii?neie iaaeeoeeiu”. Iaeanna, 1999. Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia enneaaeiaaieth e iainiiaaieth i?eiaiaiey ineoiaeeiaie/aneeo aeeaaiinoe/aneeo iaoiaeee a eiiieaeniii iaaeeoeeineii inaeaeaoaeuenoaiaaiee ii?yeia. Ia i?aaieci ii?yeia aeaenoaoao neiaeiue eiiieaen io?eoeaoaeueiuo oaeoi?ia ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu, ieacuaathueo aeeyiea ia ninoiyiea ooieoeee i?aaiecia. A yoio eiiieaen e?iia niaoeeoe/aneeo oaeoi?ia, niioonoaothueo o?oaeo ii?yeia, eiaao cia/aiea aunieee o?iaaiue yiioeeiiaeueiiai e ineoe/aneiai iai?yaeaiey ii?neiai o?oaea, eioi?ue i?eia?aoaao yeno?aiaeueiue oa?aeoa? a nayce n aeeeoaeueiuie e iiaoi?iuie aicaeaenoaeyie ia i?aaieci, /oi a naith i/a?aaeue iiaeao aucaaoue n?ua aaeaioaoeeiiiuo aiciiaeiinoae i?aaiecia e, eae neaaenoaea, ?acaeoea aieaciae. A ?acoeueoaoa aicaeaenoaey eiiieaena oeceiaaiiuo e ineoiaaiiuo oaeoi?ia a ia?eiae ?aena o eeoe aicieeaao ninoiyiea ineoiyiioeeiiaeueiie ia?aiai?yaeaiiinoe, /oi iiaeao i?eaanoe e ?acaeoeth ineoe/aneie aeacaaeaioaoeee, iaeaieaa oieaa?naeueiuie yaeaieyie eioi?ie yaeythony ?anno?ienoaa iaa?ioe/aneiai o?iaiy. Iaeiaei iaa?ioe/aneea ?anno?ienoaa ia aicieeatho aac ii?aaeaeaiiie i?aae?aniieiaeaiiinoe e iei. Iie aicieeatho aneaaenoaea aeaenoaey eiiieaena aeacaaeaioaoeeiiiuo oaeoi?ia ia ianoi iaeiaiueoaai nii?ioeaeaiey ee/iinoe. Iaeaieaa /anoi i?eiaiyaiua iaoiaeeee ii?aaeaeaiey ineoe/aneiai ninoiyiey ii?yea a neooaoeee iaaeeoeeineiai i?ioioai?a ia a ninoiyiee iaania/eoue aunieoth oi/iinoue ii?aaeaeaiey. Aieueoeinoaii enneaaeiaaoaeae eco/aiea i?iyaeaiee ineoe/aneie aeacaaeaioaoeee o ii?yeia i?iaiaeeeinue n iiceoeee aiaeeca eeoue iaeioi?uo eo oaiiiaiieiae/aneeo i?iyaeaiee. Iaaeinoaoi/ii iieii eco/aiu aeoaeiiiineoieiae/aneea aniaeou, eaaeauea a iniiaa ineoe/aneie aeacaaeaioaoeee ii?yeia. Yoi naycaii n oai, /oi a iaoae no?aia ?aiaa io?eoeaeanue oa ineoiaeeiaie/aneay aaca, ia eioi?ie iino?iaia oai?aoe/aneay ieaooi?ia i?iaeoeaiuo iaoiaeee. Oaeaea iiaeii i?aaeiieiaeeoue, /oi auai? ee/iinoueth i?ioannee ii?yea i?iaeeeoiaai ia noieueei iaoa?eaeueiuie niia?aaeaieyie, neieueei iniaie no?oeoo?ie iiaoaeaeaiee, eioi?ay ia iiaeao auoue aeeaaiinoe?iaaia i?eiaiyaiui a ianoiyuaa a?aiy a i?ioioai?a iaeaoii ineoieiae/aneeo e ineoioeceieiae/aneeo iaoiaeee, ii a oi aea a?aiy, yaeyaony iaeiie ec ninoaaeythueo i?aii?aeaeiiai ninoiyiey ineoe/aneie aeacaaeaioaoeee. Ee/iinoii-oeiieiae/aneee iiaeoiae, i?eiaiyaiue aieueoeinoaii enneaaeiaaoaeae, ia o/eouaaao anao “yoaaeae” a?oeoaeoiieee ee/iinoe. Aeaaea i?eiaiyy MMPI, iaeuecy ?ann/eouaaoue aieaa /ai ia 75% aeinoiaa?iinoue. A yoii neo/aa aa?aaeueiua iaoiaeu ineoiaeeaaiinoeee, i?aeiouanoaaiii i?eiaiyaiua a i?ioanneiiaeueiii ioai?a ieaaninoaaa, ia caueuaiu io iniciaiiuo e iainiciaiiuo eneaaeaiee. Eae oeacuaatho ?yae aaoi?ia, i?eiaiaiea ii?inieeia i?e ioeaiea ineoe/aneiai ninoiyiey ieaaninoaaa iiaeao i?eaiaeeoue e eneaaeaieth ioaaoia a iieueco nioeeaeueiie aeaeaoaeueiinoe. Aianoa n oai iiaeii ioiaoeoue, /oi iaaeinoaoi/ii aieiaiey oaeaeyaony a ianoiyuaa a?aiy enneaaeiaaieth “o?aoueaai yoaaea” ee/iinoe – iainiciaiiuo ineoe/aneeo i?ioeannia. Oeaeueth ianoiyuaai enneaaeiaaiey yaeeanue ?ac?aaioea iaoiaeia ineoiaeeiaie/aneie aeeaaiinoeee ii?yeia n o/aoii eo aeoaeiiiee/iinoiuo iniaaiiinoae e i?iaiica aiciiaeiuo aa?eaioia aeacaaeaioaoeee. Ia iniiaa ineoiaeeiaie/aneiai iiaeoiaea o ii?yeia auee eco/aiu aeoaeiiiineoieiae/aneea naienoaa, niinianoaothuea i?iyaeaieth aeacaaeaioaoeee. Iniiauaaynue ia aeaiiuo eaai?aoi?ii-yenia?eiaioaeueiuo e iaoo?iuo enneaaeiaaiee, aue ?ac?aaioai e ai?iae?iaai eiiieaen ineoiaeeaaiinoe/aneeo iaoiaeee aeey aeeaaiinoeee iainiciaaaaiuo ee/iinoiuo i?ioeannia, niinianoaothueo i?iyaeaieth aeacaaeaioaoeee, aeieacaia ?ieue aeoaeiii-ineoieiae/aneeo ?aaeeeaeia a ineoe/aneie aeacaaeaioaoeee ii?yeia, /oi aeaei aiciiaeiinoue onoaiiaeoue i?e/eiii-neaaenoaaiiua nayce ai aioo?aiiae no?oeoo?a ee/iinoe, i?iaiice?iaaoue noaiaiue oiea?aioiinoe e i?ioanneiiaeueiiio ineoiyiioeeiiaeueiiio iai?yaeaieth a oneiaeyo ?aena. Aia?aua, niaianoii n oe?iei eniieuecoaiuie iaoiaeeeaie IIPI e iaoiaeii oeaaoiauo auai?ia Ethoa?a, aue eniieueciaai e aaeaioe?iaai iaoiae ii?o?aoiuo auai?ia E. Niiaee e oano “?oea” ia eiioeiaaioa ieaaninoaaa. E eioa?i?aoaoeee ?acoeueoaoia, iieo/aaiuo i?e iiiiue iaoiaeeee IIPI (IIEE), aue i?eiaiai ineoiaeeiaie/aneee iiaeoiae, auea iiaeeoeoee?iaaia i?ioeaaeo?a ianeaaeiaaiey e eioa?i?aoaoeee aeaiiuo, iieo/aaiuo i?e iiiiue iaoiaea ii?o?aoiuo auai?ia E.Niiaee. ?ac?aaioaiiue e aaeaioe?iaaiiue eiiieaen iaoiaeee aeae aiciiaeiinoue iieo/eoue eioi?iaoeeth i ee/iinoe ii?yea, ieioy onoaiiaeo ia i?ioeaaeo?o enneaaeiaaiey e oeeueo? caueoiuo ineoieiae/aneeo iaoaieciia ee/iinoe. Ia iniiaaiee ?ac?aaioaiiiai oai?aoe/aneiai iiaeoiaea e aeoaeiiiineoieiae/aneei naienoaai ee/iinoe aue ?ac?aaioai aaoiiaoece?iaaiiue ineoiaeeaaiinoe/aneee eiiieaen “Eiinoe” aeey ?aiiae aeeaaiinoeee ninoiyiee ineoe/aneie aeacaaeaioaoeee ii?yeia. A ?acoeueoaoa i?iaaaeaiiiai ianeaaeiaaiey a?oiiu ii?yeia eiiaiaeiiai e ?yaeiaiai ninoaaia, eeoe, ninoaaeythueo eiio?ieueiua a?oiiu, i?e iiiiue ineoioeceieiae/aneeo e yenia?eiaioaeueii-ineoieiae/aneeo iaoiaeee auee auyaeaiu niaoeeoe/aneea aeey ii?yeia naienoaa ee/iinoe e eaoaioiua i?eciaee ineoe/aneie aeacaaeaioaoeee. Iao/ii iainiiaaii i?eiaiaiea iaoiaeia ineoiaeeiaie/aneie aeeaaiinoeee e iiaeeoeeaoeey eioa?i?aoaoeeiiiuo iiaeoiaeia e o?aaeeoeeiiiui ineoiaeeaaiinoe/aneei iaoiaeeeai a neooaoeee i?ioanneiiaeueiiai ioai?a ii?yeia. Iieo/aiiua aeaiiua, ?anniio?aiiua a ineoiaeeiaie/aneii eeth/a, iicaieytho i?iaiaeeoue ?aiithth aeeaaiinoeeo i?eciaeia ineoe/aneie aeacaaeaioaoeee, ineoiniiaoe/aneie i?aaeeniiceoeee e neeiiiinoe e aaeaeeeoeaiiio iiaaaeaieth i?e iaaeeoeeineii inaeaeaoaeuenoaiaaiee ii?yeia. Eeth/aaua neiaa: ineoiaeeiaie/aneea iaoiaeu aeeaaiinoeee, ineoe/aneay aeacaaeaioaoeey, iaaeeoeeineia inaeaeaoaeuenoaiaaiea, ii?yee. Vigdorchik I.I. Methods of psychodynamic diagnostic in complex medical examination of the seamen. — Manuscript. A thesis on competition of a degree of the candidate of medical sciences on a speciality 14.01.34 – “Air, space and marine medicine”. - CP "Ukrainian research institute of marine medicine ". Odessa, 1999. The thesis is dedicated to research and substantiation of applying of psychodynamic diagnostic techniques in complex medical examination of the seamen. As a result of the conducted examination of group of the seamen command and ordinary of structures, faces amounting monitoring group through psychophysiological and experimentally - psychological techniques were detected particular to the seamen of property of the person and latent tags of a mental disadaptation. Is scientific applying methods of psychodynamic diagnostic and modification of ways of treating of the approaches to conventional psychological diagnostic techniques in a situation of professional selection of the seamen is justified. The obtained data reviewed in a psychodynamic key allow to conduct early diagnostic of tags of a mental disadaptation, psychosomatic predisposition and predilection to deviating behavior at medical examination of the seamen. On the basis of the conducted researches was created and the computer psychological diagnostic complex “Consul” is offered to applying in professional selection of the seamen. Keywords: psychodynamic methods of diagnostic, mental disadaptation, medical examination, seamen.

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