Iaeanueeee aea?aeaaiee iie?oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao

Eaeaoi?eia Ieaenaiae? Ieeieaeiae/

OAeE 621.372.54

Iaoiaee i?aeiioeiaeueiiai neioaco ooieoe?iiaeueieo i?eno?i?a ia?iaee
neaiae?a c i?aeaeuaiiei caaaaeicaoenoii

05.13.05 — Aeaiaioe oa i?eno?i? ia/enethaaeueii? oaoi?ee

oa nenoai ea?oaaiiy

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

aeieoi?a oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Iaeana — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Iaeanueeiio aea?aeaaiiio iie?oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao?
I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeia? eiinoeueoaioe:

ae.o.i., i?ioani? Aeanaiei A?eoi? Ieaen?eiae/, Iaeanueeee aea?aeaaiee
iie?oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e
«?ioi?iaoe?eii-aei??thaaeueia oaoi?ea»;

ae.o.i., i?ioani? Iaca?aiei Aneieueae Oaaei?iae/, Iaeanueeee aea?aeaaiee
iie?oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e caaaeueii? oa i?eeeaaeii?
o?ceee.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

ae.o.i., i?ioani? Caoa?/aiei Ieeiea Aaneeueiae/, Iaeanueea aea?aeaaia
aeaaeai?y ca’yceo ?i.I.N.Iiiiaa, i?i?aeoi? c o/aiai? ?iaioe;

ae.o.i., i?ioani? Eiiae?aoaiei TH??e Iaioaeaeiae/, Oe?a?inueeee
aea?aeaaiee ii?nueeee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao (i.Ieeiea?a), caa?aeoth/ee
eaoaae?ith eiii’thoa??ciaaieo nenoai ea?oaaiiy;

ae.o.i., i?ioani? Eo/oe Aiae??e Ieoaeeiae/, ?inoeooo eini?/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue IAIO (i.Ee?a), i?ia?aeiee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee.

I?ia?aeia i?aai?caoe?y — Iaoe?iiaeueiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao Oe?a?ie
“Ee?anueeee iie?oaoi?/iee ?inoeooo”.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny «14» aeiaoiy 1999 ?ieo ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 41.052.01 i?e Iaeanueeiio aea?aeaaiiio
iie?oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? (270044, i.Iaeana, i?.Oaa/aiei,1).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Iaeanueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iie?oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo (270044, i.Iaeana,
i?.Oaa/aiei,1).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 17.08.1999 ?ieo

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee ssiiieuenueeee TH.N.

Ae 41.052.01, e.o.i., i?ioani?

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. A iioi/iee /an iaaoee oe?ieiai aaeeoeo oae?
i?eno?i? aoi?eiieo ia?aoai?thaa/?a ?ioi?iaoe?? nenoai ea?oaaiiy, ye
?aeo?neai? oa ia?aeo?neai? oeeo?ia? o?eueo?e (?OeO oa IOeO), i?eno?i?
/anoioii? naeaeoe?? oa ia?aoai?aiiy neaiae?a ia iiaa?oiaaeo aeonoe/ieo
oaeeyo (IAO), aioaii? ?ao?oee (A?) — i?inoi?ia? o?eueo?e, ui
canoiniaothoueny aeey caaacia/aiiy iio??aieo ooieoe?iiaeueieo
ia?aoai?aiue oa naeaeoe?? ?ioi?iaoe?eieo neaiae?a. (E??i oiai, i?eno?i?
ia IAO canoiniaothoueny oaeiae o yeino? ia?aeiieo ia?aoai?thaa/?a
?ioi?iaoe??.) Oae? i?eno?i? a ie?aieo aeiaaeeao (cie?aia, a aaeaioeaieo
nenoaiao) oaeiae iiaeooue yaeyoe niaith ia’?eo ea?oaaiiy. Oe? i?eno?i?
a?ae??ciythoueny niiniaaie ?o iiaoaeiae, aeaiaioiith aacith oa o?ce/ieie
i?eioeeiaie ooieoe?iioaaiiy. I?ioa aiie iathoue ni?eueio ?eno — ?o
naeaeoeai? oa?aeoa?enoeee oi?iothoueny ye noie acaaaeaieo a?aeaoe?a
ie?aieo eaiae?a, ui aea? i?eioeeiiao iiaeeea?noue ?ic?iaee
oi?o?eiaaiiai i?aeoiaeo aei ?o i?aeiioeiaeueiiai (aiane?aeie iayaiino?
iaaiiai eiiieaeno iaiaaeaiue) neioaco. Aeey iicia/aiiy oaeeo i?eno?i?a a
iiaeaeueoiio aeei?enoiao?oueny aa?aa?aoo?a “EAI” (E?i?ei? aeaiaioe,
Aaeeoeaiee ca’ycie, I?eno?i? ia?iaee neaiae?a).

Iioeiaeueiee neioac caaaaeino?eeeo EAI iiaea i?iaiaeeoenue ca ieceith
e?eoa???a, aea eiai iaea?eueo aeioe?eueii cae?enithaaoe ca aia?aaoe/ieie
e?eoa??yie, o caaaeueiiio aeiaaeeo — ca aeiiiiiaith ?ica’yceo I.A?ia?a.
Iaeiae, ye iieaco? aiae?c, io?eiaia oaeei /eiii ?aeaaeueia nenoaiia
oa?aeoa?enoeea ia iiaea aooe ?aae?ciaaia ia aac? EAI aac a?aeoeeaiue ia
i?aeoeoe?. C ?ioiai aieo, iaea?eueoee oaeeoie iaaoee iaoiaee neioaco
i?eno?i?a o?eueo?aoe??, ui aacothoueny ia ai?ieneiaoe?? ?aeaaeueii?
oa?aeoa?enoeee EAI (iai?eeeaae, i?yiieooii?) ca?aeii c ia?aiei
iaoaiaoe/iei e?eoa???i (iaea?eueo aaeeaaiee — e?eoa??e *aaeoaaa). Aea
canoinoaaiiy oaeiai i?aeoiaeo i?ecaiaeeoue aei ao?aoe ca’yceo i?ae
iioeiaeueiei ?ica’yceii I.A?ia?a oa oa?aeoa?enoeeith neioaciaaiiai
i?eno?ith. E??i oiai, ?nioth/? iaoiaeeee neioaco ni?yiiaai? ia neioac
eiie?aoieo aeae?a i?eno?i?a, ui oneeaaeith? ?o canoinoaaiiy aeey neioaco
i?eno?i?a ?ioeo aeae?a. Oe? iaoiaeeee ia aeicaieythoue o?aooaaoe aanue
eiiieaen nooo?ai aaaeeeaeo iaiaaeaiue (cie?aia, neaiae-caaaaeiaeo,
oaoiieia?/ieo, ooieoe?iiaeueieo, ia?aiao?e/ieo), ye? aecia/athoue
aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy neioaciaaieo i?eno?i?a a iaaieo oiiaao.

Ae?iaieoeoai oa canoinoaaiiy no/anii? aia?aoo?e ia?iaee neaiae?a a
??ciiiai?oieo aaeocyo, cie?aia, nenoaiao ae?aaiinoeee oa ea?oaaiiy,
ca’yceo oa oaeaeiioi?eaoe?e, ia?oei?aiiai eiio?ieth, oaoi?/ii? oa
iaaee/ii? ae?aaiinoeee ? aaeueie aeooaeueiith i?iaeaiith ia?iaeiiai
ainiiaea?noaa Oe?a?ie. Oe? aaeoc? iiaeooue ae?noaoe iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie
o ?acoeueoao? ?ic?iaee iaoiae?a neioaco ooieoe?iiaeueieo i?eno?i?a, ye?
aeicaieyoue aaoiiaoecoaaoe i?ioeane io?eiaiiy aoaeoeaieo
i?aeiioeiaeueieo nenoaiieo oa?aeoa?enoee. ?ic?iaea iiaeo iaoiae?a
neioaco i?eno?i?a nenoai ea?oaaiiy c iaoith i?aeaeuaiiy ?o oaoi?/ieo
oa?aeoa?enoee ? iaei??th c aeooaeueieo aaeocae aeine?aeaeaiue
niaoe?aeueiino? 05.13.05 — aeaiaioe oa i?eno?i? ia/enethaaeueii? oaoi?ee
oa nenoai ea?oaaiiy.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeeiiaia ?iaioa
iia’ycaia c ieceith iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o, ui aeeiioaaeenue oa
aeeiiothoueny o Iaeanueeiio aea?aeaaiiio iie?oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? c
ia?iaee neaiae?a ??ciiiai?oiiai iioiaeaeaiiy (cie?aia, a?ae?iaeonoe/ieo,
a?a?iaeonoe/ieo, aa?i- oa a?ae?iaeeiai?/ieo), a oaeiae c
iaoeiai-aeine?aeieie ?iaioaie, ui aeeiiothoueny a NEOA «Aeaiaio», NEA
«Iiei?y», IAeI «I?e/i?iiii?aaieia?y» oa ?i. Oe? ?iaioe eii?aeeiothoueny
ieaiaie ia?niaeoeaieo ooiaeaiaioaeueieo, i?eeeaaeieo oa i?iaiinoe/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue Naeoe?? i?eeeaaeieo i?iaeai I?aceae?? Iaoe?iiaeueii?
Aeaaeai?? Iaoe Oe?a?ie, ieaiaie aea?aeathaeaeaoieo aeine?aeaeaiue
I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe oa I?i?noa?noaa i?iieneiai? iie?oeee Oe?a?ie.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ae??oaiiy cia/ii?
i?eeeaaeii? i?iaeaie iiaoaeiae i?aeiioeiaeueieo iaoiae?a neioaco EAI,
ye? aeicaieythoue aaoiiaoeciaaii neioacoaaoe i?eno?i? ia?iaee
?ioi?iaoe?eieo neaiae?a, ui ooieoe?iiothoue ia iniia? ??cieo o?ce/ieo
i?eioeei?a oa caaacia/othoue aoaeoeaio ia?iaeo neaiae?a a iaeanoyo
/anoioe, /ano oa i?inoi?o, ca oiia aecia/aiiai eiiieaeno iaiaaeaiue.

?icaeyaea?oueny ianooiiee eiiieaen iaiaaeaiue:

— i?eno?i? neeaaeathoueny c iaiaaeaii? e?eueeino? aeene?aoieo e?i?eieo
aeaiaio?a, acaaaeaia noia aeo?aeieo neaiae?a yeeo ooai?th? aeo?aeiee
neaiae i?eno?ith;

— i?eno?i? ooieoe?iiothoue ca oiia aeia?eueii? niaoe?o?eiaaii?
neaiae-caaaaeiai? neooaoe?? oa caaacia/othoue i?aeiioeiaeueio ia?iaeo
neaiae?a ca aia?aaoe/ieie e?eoa??yie;

— caaeaii? oaoiieia?/ii? oi/iino? a?aeoai?aiiy oa?aeoa?enoee ie?aieo
aeaiaio?a oa ?ic?aoiaaieo cia/aiue aaaiaeo eiao?oe??io?a;

— a?a?eaeecaoe?? ooieoe?e iio?aao?iiai ia?aoai?aiiy ei?eniiai neaiaeo oa
o?eueo?aoe?? caaaae;

— ia?aiao?e/ieo iaiaaeaiue, cie?aia, ia oa?aeoa? neiao??? aaaiaeo
eiao?oe??io?a.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy oe??? iaoe ae??ooaaeenue caaea/?:

?ic?iaee oa oaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiaeee neioaco, ye? caaacia/othoue
oi?o?eaoe?th e?eoa???a iioei?caoe?? ca oiiae ae?? ?icaeyaea?iiai
eiiieaeno iaiaaeaiue aeey EAI, iiaoaeiaaieo ia iniia? ??cieo o?ce/ieo
i?eioeei?a, oa ia?iaeyth/eo neaiaee a ??cieo iaeanoyo;

Anoaiiaeaiiy ???a?o?/iiai ca’yceo i?ae aia?aaoe/ieie e?eoa??yie aeey
EAI;

?ic?iaee oa aeine?aeaeaiiy aeai?eoi?a oa i?ia?ai /enaeueii? iioei?caoe??
ia?aiao??a EAI aeey caaacia/aiiy aa?aioiaaii? ca?aeiino? oa aoaeoeaieo
?acoeueoao?a neioaco o oe?ieiio ae?aiacii? ?icaeyaea?ieo iaiaaeaiue;

?ic?iaee iaoiaeeee ioe?iee noaoenoe/ieo ia?aiao??a aeiaaeeiaeo
oaoiieia?/ieo a?aeoeeaiue oeyoii aiae?co aenia?eiaioaeueieo
oa?aeoa?enoee ia?o?? i?eno?i?a ia IAO;

I?iaaaeaiiy neioaco EAI, ui ?aae?cothoueny ia ??ciiiai?oi?e aeaiaioi?e
aac? oa i?ecia/ai? aeey ae??oaiiy ??ciiiai?oieo i?aeoe/ieo caaea/
ia?iaee neaiae?a a /anoioi?e, /ania?e oa i?inoi?ia?e iaeanoyo.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a oiio, ui:

— oaeineiiaeai? iaoiaeeee i?aeiioeiaeueiiai neioaco aeey i?iaaaeaiiy
aaoiiaoeciaaiiai neioaco EAI ca oiia ae?? ?icaeyaea?iiai eiiieaeno
iaiaaeaiue;

— aia?oa ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaeeee i?aeiioeiaeueiiai neioaco a?a?eaeieo EAI,
ui ii?aeiothoue ooieoe?iiaeueia ia?aoai?aiiy ei?eniiai neaiaeo oa
o?eueo?aoe?th caaaae a oiiaao ia?ae?eooy niaeo??a neaiaeo oa caaaaee a
/anoioi?e iaeano?;

— aia?oa ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea aecia/aiiy noaoenoe/ieo ia?aiao??a
iue?ciaeaeo?e/ieo caoeii?iaiae?a i?eno?i?a ia?iaee neaiae?a ia IAO ca
aenia?eiaioaeueieie aeaieie;

— oaeineiiaeaia iaoiaeeea neioaco i?eno?i?a iiia?aaeiuei? ia?iaee
neaiae?a a iaeano? /ano oeyoii a?aooaaiiy iaiaaeaiue ia ?ic??cithth/o
caeaoi?noue;

— oaeineiiaeaia iaoiaeeea neioaco aioaiieo ?ao?oie naini?ieo i?eno?i?a a
/anoei? a?a?eaeecaoe?? ooieoe?e ia?iaee neaiaea a i?inoi?ia?e iaeano? c
ia?iaeith neaiaea a /anoioi?e aai /ania?e iaeano?.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a oiio, ui:

— ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaee aaoiiaoeciaaiiai neioaco EAI aeicaieythoue ciaioeoe
o?eaae?noue i?ioeano ?ic?iaee oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy no/anieo cania?a ia?iaee
neaiae?a, caaacia/oth/e ?o i?aeiioeiaeuei?noue ca?aeii c aia?aaoe/ieie
e?eoa??yie ca oiiae ae?? eiiieaeno iaiaaeaiue;

— ?ic?iaeai? i?aeoe/i? aeai?eoie oa iaaaaeai? i?eeeaaee neioaco iiiaeeie
aoaeoeaieo EAI aeey ia?iaee ?ioi?iaoe?eieo neaiae?a ??ciiiai?oiiai
iioiaeaeaiiy, ui canoiniaothoueny a caniaao ae?aaiinoeee oa ea?oaaiiy,
nenoaiao ea?oaaiiy ia?aaeaie oaeaeiioi?eaoe?e, oaoi?/ii? ae?aaiinoeee,
aeenoaioe?eiiai ciiaeoaaiiy, aei??thaaeueii? oaoi?ee, nenoaiao ea?oaaiiy
yeino? oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a;

— ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaeeee iane??ciiai i?iaeooaaiiy oa aecia/aiiy
noaoenoe/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee aeiaaeeiaeo a?aeoeeaiue nenoaiieo ooieoe?e
i?eno?i?a ia IAO ca aenia?eiaioaeueieie aeaieie, aeei?enoaiiy yeeo
aeicaiey? i?aeaeueoe ye?noue oa aeiiii?/io aoaeoeai?noue ?ic?iaee oa
ae?iaieoeoaa oeeo i?eno?i?a;

— aeae?eaia ?iaeeia aaaiaeo eiao?oe??io?a, cia/aiiy yeeo iaeaaeaoue
iiiaeei? (0;1), i?e oeueiio canoinoaaiiy oe??? ?iaeeie aeicaiey? a
iaaieo aeiaaeeao i?aeaeueoe oaoiieia?/i?noue oa ciaioeoe aeo?aoe ia
?aae?caoe?th EAI aai iie?aueoe ?o iieacieee;

— ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaee canoiniaai? aei neioaco a?a?eaeieo ca
ooieoe?iiaeueiei i?ecia/aiiyi EAI, ui caaacia/o? ni?iuaiiy oa
caeaoaaeaiiy i?ioeano i?iaeooaaiiy.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a iieyaa? a:

— ?ic?iaoe? iaoiaeieia?? neioaco EAI ca?aeii c aia?aaoe/ieie e?eoa??yie
ANC oa NEI oeyoii iioei?caoe?? ocaaaeueiaiiai a?aeiioaiiy ?aeay (OA?);

— noai?aii? ?ioi?iaoe?eii-oaoiieia?/iiai oa i?ia?aiii-aeai?eoi?/iiai
caaacia/aiiy aeey ae??oaiiy caaea/? iioei?caoe?? neioaco EAI ca?aeii c
oeeie e?eoa??yie;

— i?iaaaeaii? ii??aiyeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue aoaeoeaiino? oa yeino?
?ic?iaeaieo iaoiaeee, aeai?eoi?a neioaco oa ?aae?ciaaieo ia ?o iniia?
i?eno?i?a ia?iaee neaiae?a.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??: ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue,
caeo/ai? aei aeena?oaoe??, aoee aeeeaaeai? oa iaaiai?ai? ia
iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? e?a?i NIAe “I?iaeaiu iao?ieiaee
aeae?ioece/aneeo ecia?aiee” (Iineaa, 1992, 2 aeiiia?ae?), nai?ia??
«Iiauoaiea yooaeoeaiinoe e iiiaoionoie/eainoe oaeaaeceiiiuo nenoai»
(Naaanoiiieue, 1993), Anaoe?a?inuee?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe??
“Iaoeii?noe? oaoiieia?? iiaea?eiiai i?ecia/aiiy” (Ee?a, 1994),
?aa?iiaeueieo nai?ia?ao “I?eiaiaiea au/eneeoaeueiie oaoieee e
iaoaiaoe/aneiai iiaeaee?iaaiey a i?eeeaaeiuo iao/iuo enneaaeiaaieyo”
(Iaeana, 1994, 1995, 1996, 4 aeiiia?ae?), 2-e oa 3-e I?aeia?iaeieo
eiioa?aioe?yo ii aeaeo?ica’yceo, oaeaa?c?eiiio oa caoeiaiio iiaeaiith
Oe?OaeaEiio (Iaeana, 1995, 1997, 3 aeiiia?ae?), 5-e E?einuee?e
eiioa?aioe?? “NA*-oaoieea e niooieeiaua oaeaeiiioieeaoeeiiiua
oaoiieiaee” (Naaanoiiieue, 1995, 2 aeiiia?ae?), I?aeia?iaei?e
eiioa?aioe?? “Iaoaiaoeea e ineoieiaey a iaaeaaiae/aneie nenoaia
Oaoie/aneee oieaa?neoao” (Iaeana, 1996), i?aeia?iaeiiio neiiic?oi? c
aeonoiaeaeo?ii?ee, ea?oaaiiy /anoioith oa aaia?aoe?? neaiae?a AFCSG’96
(Iineaa, 1996), 2-e I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? c oai??? oa oaoi?ee aioai
(Ee?a, 1997, 2 aeiiia?ae?), Anaoe?a?inuee?e iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? «Iaoea
? ina?oa” (Ee?a, 1997). E??i oiai, ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe aoee i?aaenoaaeai?
ia iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “O?ce/i? iaoiaee oa caniae eiio?ieth
iaoa??ae?a oa ae?ia?a” (Neaanuee, 1996), 5-e oa 6-e nan?yo ?in?enueeiai
aeonoe/iiai oiaa?enoaa (Iineaa, 1996, 1997), 3-e I?aeia?iaei?e
eiioa?aioe?? c ia?iaee neaiae?a, cia?aaeaiue oa ?ici?ciaaaiith ia?ac?a
Oe?Ia?ac-96 (Ee?a, 1996).

Ioaeeeaoe?? : Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?? i?noyoueny o 33 i?aoeyo,
iioae?eiaaieo i?ney caoenoo eaiaeeaeaonueei? aeena?oaoe??, o oiio /ene?
19 iioae?eiaai? a niaoe?ae?ciaaieo aeo?iaeao (c ieo 7 — naiino?eii),
iaea?aeaii 4 aaoi?nueeeo na?aeioeoaa oa iaoaioa (1 — naiino?eii), 9
i?aoeue iioae?eiaaii a ca??ieeao i?aoeue i?aeia?iaeieo eiioa?aioe?e (5 —
naiino?eii), 1 — a ca??ieeo oac aeiiia?aeae (naiino?eii).

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio, 7
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nienea a?ei?enoaieo aeaea?ae oa aeiaeaoeo ia 330
noi??ieao. Caaaeueia e?euee?noue iaethie?a neeaaea? 126, i?e oeueiio
ie?aii a?ae oaenoo iaethiee ?ici?uai? ia 16 noi??ieao. Caaaeueia
e?euee?noue oaaeeoeue neeaaea? 31, i?e oeueiio ie?aii a?ae oaenoo
oaaeeoe? ?ici?uai? ia 2 noi??ieao. Aeiaeaoie neeaaea?oueny c 6 noi??iie.
Nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae, i?aaenoaaeaiee ia 33 noi??ieao, aeeth/a?
360 iaeiaioaaiue.

INIIAIEE CI?NO

O anooi? a?aeia?aaeai? iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ?icaeyaea?ii? i?iaeaie oa
iaaaaeaii caaaeueio oa?aeoa?enoeeo ?iaioe.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? ?icaeyiooi no/aniee noai i?iaeaie neioaco
ooieoe?iiaeueieo i?eno?i?a ia?iaee neaiae?a c i?aeaeuaiei
caaaaeicaoenoii. ?icaeyioo? aaeoc? canoinoaaiiy oaeeo i?eno?i?a oa
niiniae ?o oaoi?/ii? ?aae?caoe??.

I?iaiae?ciaai? no?oeoo?i? noaie oa nenoaii? oa?aeoa?enoeee e?i?eieo e?e
oa i?eno?i?a — IOeO (a iaeanoyo /ano oa /anoioe), ?OeO (a iaeano?
/anoioe), o?eueo??a ia IAO (a iaeanoyo /ano oa /anoioe), i?eeiaeueieo oa
aei?ii?ithth/eo A? (a i?inoi?ia?e iaeano?). Nenoaii? oa?aeoa?enoeee
icia/aieo i?eno?i?a I( SYMBOL 120 \f «Symbol» \s 14 x )
i?aaenoaaeythoueny o aeaeyae? acaaaeaii? noie a?aeaoe?a ie?aieo eaiae?a
:

, (1)

aea SYMBOL 120 \f «Symbol» \s 14 x — a?aoiaio nenoaiii?
oa?aeoa?enoeee,

SYMBOL 106 \f «Symbol» \s 14 j i( SYMBOL 120 \f «Symbol» \s 14 x ) —
a?aeiia?aeia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?-ai eaiaeo (aacenia ooieoe?y),

I — e?euee?noue eaiae?a,

ai — aaaia? eiao?oe??ioe, cia/aiiy yeeo iaiao?aeii aecia/eoe
iioeiaeueiei /eiii i?ae /an neioaco EAI.

I?iaaaeaii aiae?c iaiaaeaiue, ui iaoiiaeai? i?aeoeeith ?aae?caoe??
ooieoe?iiaeueieo i?eno?i?a, oa no/anieo iaoiae?a ?o neioaco.
Iaa?oioiaaia iaiao?aei?noue i?iaaaeaiiy iiaeaeueoeo aeine?aeaeaiue.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? ?icaeyiooa iaoiaeieia?y i?aeiioeiaeueiiai neioaco
ooieoe?iiaeueieo EAI c i?aeaeuaiei caaaaeicaoenoii.

Iieacaii, ui e?eoa??? ANC oa NEI aeey EAI iiaeia ae?aceoe o aeaeyae?
OA?. NEI e?i?eieo i?eno?i?a aecia/a?oueny ca?aeii c ni?aa?aeiioaiiyi :

(2)

aea Hd — aaaeaia nenoaiia oa?aeoa?enoeea i?eno?ith,

I — nenoaiia oa?aeoa?enoeea, ui ?aae?co?oueny ca aeiiiiiaith EAI c
o?aooaaiiyi ?icaeyaea?iiai eiiieaeno iaiaaeaiue,

q — ao?aeia ANC,

Ws, Wn — aaaia? ooieoe?? (cie?aia, niaeo?aeuei? aonoeie iiooaeiino?
(NAI) neaiaeo oa caaaaee i?e ?icaeyae? EAI a /anoioi?e iaeano?).

I?eeiaii, ui EAI eaneaaeii c’?aeiaiee c ii?ioth/ei i?eno?i?i, ui
caaacia/o? eiao?oe??io i?aeneeaiiy g (oiaoi cai?noue I o?aaa caienaoe
gH). Oiae? NEI iiaeia caienaoe o iao?e/iiio aeaeyae?

, (3)

aea

(4)

,

A — aaeoi? aaaiaeo eiao?oe??io?a,

Ms,Mn- eaaae?aoi? (I*I) iiceoeaii iai?aaecia/ai? neiao?e/i? iao?eoe?,

A — aaeoi? (I),

R — neaey?,

Iioeiaeueia cia/aiiy g iiaeia aecia/eoe oeyoii aeeoa?aioe?thaaiiy (3):

(5)

I?aenoaaeyth/e (5) aei (3), io?eio?ii ianooiia ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeey A:

(6)

Aaee/eia qR yaey? niaith iiooaei?noue ia aeoiae? i?eno?ith, yeee oi/ii
?aae?co? iio??aio oa?aeoa?enoeeo, o ?ac? a?aenooiino? caaaae. Oiae?
a?aeiinia NEI (ANEI) :

.

Ia iniia? (8) e?eoa??e ANEI caieno?oueny o aeaeyae? OA?:

(7)

E?eoa??e ANC ni?yiiaaiee ia iaenei?caoe?th aea?aoo o?eueo?o Q
(a?aeiioaiiy aeo?aeiiai ANC aei ao?aeiiai), i?e oeueiio

. (8)

I?aenoaiiaea (1) aei (8) aeicaiey? io?eiaoe caien e?eoa??y (8) o
aeaeyae? OA?:

. (9)

Ia i?aenoaa? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy (7) iiaeia aeiaanoe, ui e?eoa??e ANC (9) ?
ie?aiei aeiaaeeii a?eueo caaaeueiiai e?eoa??y NEI (ca oiiae q SYMBOL 174
\f «Symbol» \s 14 ® 0 — iecueeiai ao?aeiiai ANC, aai Ws SYMBOL 174 \f
«Symbol» \s 14 ® SYMBOL 100 \f «Symbol» \s 14 d ( SYMBOL 120 \f
«Symbol» \s 14 x 0) oa Hd SYMBOL 174 \f «Symbol» \s 14 ® SYMBOL 100 \f
«Symbol» \s 14 d ( SYMBOL 120 \f «Symbol» \s 14 x 0) — aocueeinioaiaeo
EAI). A naith /a?ao, e?eoa??e ANC ocaaaeueith? e?eoa??e iaeneiaeueii?
aia?a??. ?icaeyiooi aeiaaeie eiiieaenieo aacenieo ooieoe?e oa aaaiaeo
eiao?oe??io?a oa iieacaii, ui ? a oeueiio aeiaaeeo neioac EAI ca
e?eoa??yie ANC oa NEI i?ecaiaeeoue aei caaea/? iioei?caoe?? OA?.

I?iaaaeaii aiae?c aieeao aeiaaeeiaeo oaoiieia?/ieo a?aeoeeaiue ia
nenoaii? oa?aeoa?enoeee EAI. sseui oe? a?aeoeeaiiy aeineoue iae?, ui
aeeiio?oueny ia i?aeoeoe? a a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a, oi i?eionoeia
iaaeeaeaiiy:

(10)

aea SYMBOL 115 \f «Symbol» \s 14 s — na?aaeiueieaaae?aoe/i?
a?aeoeeaiiy ia?aiao??a oa eiao?oe??io?a,

? — ia?aiao?e aacenieo ooieoe?e, ui i?aeiaaeathoue i?ae aieea
aeiaaeeiaeo a?aeoeeaiue,

S ? (0,1) iacaeaaei? aeiaaeeia? aaee/eie.

?c ni?aa?aeiioaiiy (10) iiaeia io?eiaoe noaoenoe/iee ?iciiae?e nenoaiii?
oa?aeoa?enoeee, yeee, o aeiaaeeo eiiieaenieo aacenieo ooieoe?e, ?
aeaiaei??iei ii?iaeueiei.

I?iaiae?ciaai? niiniae ?ic?aooieo noaoenoe/ieo ia?aiao??a nenoaiii?
oa?aeoa?enoeee EAI oa i?iaaaeaii noaoenoe/iee aiae?c ie?aieo
cono??/ii-ooe?ueiaeo ia?aoai?thaa/?a (COI) oa o?eueo??a ia IAO a
oe?eiio. Iieacaii, ui na?aaeiy aeo?aeia iiooaei?noue EAI ca oiiae aieeao
aeiaaeeiaeo a?aeoeeaiue ia/eneth?oueny ca ni?aa?aeiioaiiyi :

(12)

aea IR — ae?aaiiaeueia iao?eoey c aeaiaioaie :

. (13)

. Oea na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui o?aooaaiiy aieeao aeiaaeeiaeo a?aeoeeaiue
aeicaiey? ?aaoey?ecoaaoe i?ioean neioaco. C ae?oaiai aieo, aieea oaeeo
a?aeoeeaiue aea?aaeaioiee aieeao ao?aeiiai a?eiai ooio aeey EAI c
i?oiii?iiaaieie aacenieie ooieoe?yie. I?iaaaeaii aiae?c aieeao
aeiaaeeiaeo a?aeoeeaiue ia cia/aiiy ANC oa NEI. Aeiaaaeaii, ui ca
aoaeue-yeeo oiia aieea aeiaaeeiaeo a?aeoeeaiue i?ecaiaeeoue a
na?aaeiueiio aei iia??oaiiy cia/aiue ANC oa NEI aeey EAI.

I?iaaaeaii ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c EAI, iioei?ciaaieo ca?aeii c e?eoa??yie
ANC, NEI oa *aaeoaaa, oa aeiaaaeai? ia?aaaae canoinoaaiiy aia?aaoe/ieo
e?eoa???a. Cie?aia, ii??aiyii aenia?eiaioaeuei? oa?aeoa?enoeee aeaio
iaeiaeiaeo c oi/ee ci?o e?eoa??y *aaeoaaa o?eueo??a ia IAO, iaeei c yeeo
caaacia/o? ia 5 aeA a?eueoa cia/aiiy ANC. Oey cia/ia ia?aaaaa
aeinyaa?oueny aiane?aeie iaioeo cia/aiue A*O a?aeaeae?e a?ae
oeaio?aeueii? /anoioe o?eueo?a, ui ia a?aoiao?oueny e?eoa???i *aaeoaaa.
Oaeiae i?iaaaeaii ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c aenia?eiaioaeueii? oa?aeoa?enoeee
o?eueo?o ia IAO c oa?aeoa?enoeeaie LC-o?eueo??a Aaooa?ai?oa ??cieo
ii?yaee?a, ui ia iathoue aieiaeo iaethnoe?a. A oeueiio ?ac? iaiiaeeeai
canoinoaaoe e?eoa??e *aaeoaaa aeey ii??aiyiiy. I?ioa ca e?eoa???i ANC
o?eueo? ia IAO c ??aiai aieiaeo iaethnoe?a -26 aeA a?aeiia?aea?
LC-o?eueo?o ia iaio i?ae 5-6 ii?yaeeo, i?e oeueiio a?i cia/ii
aeiiii?/i?oee o aeaioiaeaii? oa canoinoaaii?. Oaeiae, ca oiiae
iaeiaeiaeo aeiia aei o?eueo?a, i?iaaaeaii ii??aiyiiy IOeO, neioaciaaieo
ca aia?aaoe/ieie e?eoa??yie, c o?eueo?aie, neioaciaaieie ca e?eoa???i
*aaeoaaa ?ioeie aeine?aeieeaie. Aeiaaaeaii, ui iioeiaeuei? ca
aia?aaoe/ieie e?eoa??yie IOeO caaacia/othoue iaioee (aei 10 aeA) ??aaiue
aieiaeo iaethnoe?a oa a?aenooi?noue iaaaaeaieo nieane?a o ia?ao?aeieo
nioaao. Iaai? ia?aaaae e?eoa??? ANC oa NEI caaacia/othoue oaeiae c oi/ie
ci?o o?aooaaiiy niaeo??a ia?iaey?ieo neaiae?a oa aieeao aeiaaeeiaeo
a?aeoeeaiue eiao?oe??io?a. Ia?aaaaith EAI, neioaciaaieo ca e?eoa???i
*aaeoaaa, ? iaio? a?aeoeeaiiy oa?aeoa?enoee ia a?aieoeyo nioa
i?iioneaiiy oa iineaaeaiiy. ?acoeueoaoe aiae?co, ye? aeioe?eueii
a?aoiaoaaoe caaeey aeai?o e?eoa??y iioeiaeueiino? EAI, ui
?ic?iaey?oueny, caaaeai? aei oaaeeoe?.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? ?icaeyiooi aeai?eoi?/ia caaacia/aiiy i?ioeaaeo?
neioaca.

?icaeyioo? iiaeeeaino? aaeineiiaeaiiy aeai?eoi?/iiai caaacia/aiiy
i?ioeaaeo? iioei?caoe??. I?iaaaeaii aiae?c coiaeaeaiiy oa ii??aiyeueii?
aoaeoeaiino? a?aae??ioii? i?ioeaaeo?e iioei?caoe?? OA?. A yeino? aaciai?
aea?aia i?ioeaaeo?a, cai?iiiiiaaia E.A.Ei?i??iei oa N.?.Oaaeei/eeii aeey
ciaoiaeaeaiiy iioeiaeueiiai cia/aiiy aaaiaiai aaeoi?a ia i?yi?e,
aecia/ai?e aeayeith iioi/iith oi/eith A oa iai?yieii A ca iaeei e?ie.
Ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeey aea?aoo EAI ia? aeaeyae :

(14)

aea SYMBOL 108 \f «Symbol» \s 14 l — ia?aiao?, ui aecia/a? iioeiaeueio
oi/eo ia i?yi?e oa i?aeeyaa? aecia/aiith.

Aeeiiaaoe aeeoa?aioe?thaaiiy (14) ca ia?aiao?ii SYMBOL 108 \f «Symbol»
\s 14 l , io?eia?ii ianooiio iaiao?aeio oiiao aeey iioei?caoe?? OA?:

. (15)

A ?iaio? aeiaaaeaii, ui oea ??aiyiiy caaaeaee ia? ae?eni? ei?ai?, iaeei
c yeeo a?aeiia?aea? iaeneioio, a ae?oaee- i?i?ioio OA?. E??i oiai,
iaeiie/aiee i?ae /an /enaeueii? iioei?caoe?? aeina?ae aeia?a, ui ei?ai?
??aiyiiy (15) iaaaaeaii aecia/aoe ca noaiaea?oiith oi?ioeith, oiio ui
aeniea eiia??i?noue io?eiaiiy iacia/oua iaeeo iaeiiai aai e?eueeio
eiao?oe??io?a. Oiio ia/enethaaeueia i?ioeaaeo?a iiaeiia aeeth/aoe
ia?aa??eo iniaeeaeo aeiaaee?a. O ?iaio? aaeoi? A iae?aany i?iii?oe?eiei
a?aae??ioo OA?:

. (16)

Iieacaii, ui ca oiiae aieeao aeiaaeeiaeo a?aeoeeaiue ??aiyiiy (15)
caa??aa? ae?eni?noue ei?ai?a, oa ia/eneaii a?aae??io oe?eueiai?
ooieoe??.

?icaeyioo? aeueoa?iaoeai? i?aeoiaee aei iioei?caoe?? OA?. I?aeo?ae, ui
canoiniao?oueny o iaoiae? iaeiaioeo eaaae?ao?a, aeiaaa? ae??oaiiy
nenoaie e?i?eieo ??aiyiue, yea a a?eueoino? i?aeoe/ieo aeiaaee?a aeoaea
iiaaii iaoiiaeaia. Oiio io?eiothoue eeoa ?? iaaeeaeaiee ?ica’cie, yeee,
i?ioa, iiaea aooe neaaei iia’ycaiee c iioeiaeueiei aaeoi?ii
eiao?oe??io?a. ?ioei iaoiaeii iioei?caoe?? OA? yaey?oueny iaoiae io/ea
iao?eoeue, aai iaoiae caaaeaiiy iao?eoeue aei aieiaieo inae. Oeae iaoiae
aoei ii??aiyii c a?aae??ioiei ia i?eeeaae? neioaco IOeO oa iieacaii, ui
a?aae??ioiee iaoiae aeicaiey? io?eiaoe cia/ii e?au? nenoaii?
oa?aeoa?enoeee. Cie?aia, neioaciaai? ca aeiiiiiaith a?aae??ioii?
i?ioeaaeo?e iioei?caoe?? IOeO caaacia/othoue ia??aiii??i?noue /anoioii?
oa?aeoa?enoeee a nioc? i?iioneaiiy SYMBOL 177 \f «Times New Roman» \s
14 ± 0.6 aeA oa ??aaiue aieiaeo iaethnoe?a iaiueoa -60 aeA i?ioe
a?aeiia?aeieo cia/aiue SYMBOL 177 \f «Times New Roman» \s 14 ± 1.25 aeA
oa -42 aeA, io?eiaieo i?e canoinoaaii? caaaeaiiy iao?eoeue aei aieiaieo
inae.

I?iaaaeaia ?ic?iaea i?ioeaaeo?e aecia/aiiy ii/aoeiaiai iaaeeaeaiiy aeey
a?aae??ioii? iioei?caoe?? EAI, i?iaiae?ciaaii ieceo oaeeo iaaeeaeaiue, ?
?aeiiaiaeiaaii ia/enethaaoe oea iaaeeaeaiiy ca ni?aa?aeiioaiiyi

(17)

aea ca ii/aoeiaa iaaeeaeaiiy ne?ae aeae?aoe aaeoi? A.

Ni?aa?aeiioaiiy (17) oaeoe/ii caaacia/o? iioeiaeueio c oi/ee ci?o
e?eoa??y NEI ai?ieneiaoe?th aaaeaii? nenoaiii? oa?aeoa?enoeee ca
aeiiiiiaith EAI.

?icaeyioo? iniaeeaino? aeei?enoaiiy a?aae??ioii? i?ioeaaeo?e i?ae /an
iioei?caoe?? EAI ??cieo aeae?a: cie?aia, e?e, a yeeo /anoeia
eiao?oe??io?a iieeaaeaia ??aiith ioeth; EAI, a yeeo /anoeia aacenieo
ooieoe?e iiia?aaeiuei noio?oueny, a iio?i i?aeeyaa? iiiaeaiith ia
aaaiaee eiao?oe??io; aeey e?e, ye? eaneaaeii c’?aeiai? c ?ioeie
i?eno?iyie ia?iaee neaiae?a (cie?aia, c ?ioeie EAI); EAI, /anoeia
aaaiaeo eiao?oe??io?a yeeo aei?noei aecia/aia (cie?aia, ca ?acoeueoaoaie
iiia?aaeiuei? iioei?caoe??); EAI, o yeeo aeiionoei? cia/aiiy aaaiaeo
eiao?oe??io?a iaeaaeaoue aei aeene?aoii? iiiaeeie. A inoaiiueiio
aeiaaeeo ?icaeyioo? o?e iiaeeo?eaoe?? aaciaiai aeai?eoio, ye?
aeicaieythoue nei?ioeoe e?euee?noue aa??aio?a, ui i?aeeyaathoue iiaiiio
ia/eneaiith. I?ae /an ?ica’ycaiiy oe??? caaea/? aeene?aoii? iioei?caoe??
aoea aeae?eaia ?iaeeia aaaiaeo ooieoe?e, yea iiaea aooe canoiniaaia aac
aeiaeaoeiaeo ia/eneaiue i?e i?iaeooaaii? i?eno?i?a c aaaiaeie
eiao?oe??ioaie 0 oa 1. ?iaeeia aeeth/a? naeoe?iiiaai? EAI, i?e oeueiio
naeoe?? oa aeaiaioe a ieo ?icoaoiaai? aea?ae?noaioii, noia?iee ??aaiue
caoaeaeaiiy aeaiaio?a a o?ueio oeaio?aeueieo naeoe?yo iaeiaeiaee, oa
ciaioo?oueny ia iaeeieoeth i?ae /an ia?anoaaiiy a?ae oeaio?aeueieo aei
a?aie/ieo naeoe?e EAI. Canoinoaaiiy ?iaeeie aeicaiey? cieceoe ??aaiue
iaeaeeae/eo aieiaeo iaethnoe?a nenoaiii? oa?aeoa?enoeee EAI ia 5-7 aeA.
Ia ?en.1 iaaaaeai? ae?aa?aie ni?yiiaaiiino? aea?ae?noaioii? (ioieoe?ia
e?i?y), naeoe?iiiaaii? c? noaeei /eneii aeaiaio?a (oo?eoiaa e?i?y) oa
cai?iiiiiaaii? (u?eueia e?i?y) A? ca oiiae ?o iaeiaeiai? aeiaaeeie.
Oaeiae caiaoaioiaai? eiino?oeoe?? COI IAO, ui caaacia/othoue
a?aeiia?aeia ciaioaiiy ??aiy aieiaeo iaethnoe?a (COI, ui ia?ae?eaa?
oaanue aeonoe/iee iio?e ae?oaiai — aiiaeeciaaiiai — COI); COI, ui iiaea
aooe canoiniaaiee noi?nii c neiao?e/iei a?aeiinii in? aeonoe/iiai iioieo
aiiaeeciaaiei COI; ia?a COI, ui i?e a?aenooiino? aiiaeecaoe?? caaacia/o?
?ic?aooieiaee ??aaiue aieiaeo iaethnoe?a iaiueoa -60 aeA).

?ic?iaeai? noaie oa aeai?eoie ?iaioe no?oeoo?, ui ao?eththoue i?ia?aiia
aai aia?aoia oi?aae?iiy cia/aiiyie eiao?oe??io?a EAI. I?iaiae?ciaaii
iniiai? /eiieee, ye? aeicaieythoue nei?ioeoe aia?aoi? aai i?ia?aii?
aeo?aoe ia ?aae?caoe?th oeeo nenoai, aai ca?eueoeoe oaeaee?noue ?o
?aaaoaaiiy ca ?aooiie i?aeaeuaiiy ia’?io iai’yo?.

?icaeyiooa aaciaa iaoiaeeea neioaco ooieoe?iiaeueieo EAO oa ??
iiae?o?eaoe??, ui caeaaeaoue a?ae eiie?aoieo iaiaaeaiue.

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? ?icaeyiooi neioac EAI a /anoioi?e iaeano?.

A oeueiio aeiaaeeo aeioe?eueii aeae?aoe NAI neaiaea oa caaaaee ye aaaia?
ooieoe?? Ws oa Wn a?aeiia?aeii. ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea aecia/aiiy aaaeaii?
ia?aaeaoi/ii? oa?aeoa?enoeee o aeiaaeeo eaneaaeiiai c’?aeiaiiy
aeae?eueeio e?e (i?eno?i?a). Aiae?oe/i? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeey aecia/aiiy
aacenieo ooieoe?e IOeO oa o?eueo??a ia IAO iathoue aeaeyae:

;

;

aea xk — eii?aeeiaoa SYMBOL 100 \f «Symbol» \s 14 d -aeaea?aea IAO,

c — oaeaee?noue IAO,

d — a?aenoaiue i?ae aeaeo?iaeaie,

SYMBOL 108 \f «Symbol» \s 14 l — aeiaaeeia IAO,

SYMBOL 97 \f «Symbol» \s 14 a ? — ia?aiao?e, ui aecia/athoue iieiaeaiiy
iiethn?a ?OeO.

?icaeyiooi i?eeeaaee neioaco IOeO c e?i?eiith oacith, ye? aaaeei
neioacoaaoe ca aeiiiiiaith e?eoa??y *aaeoaaa. Iai?eeeaae, ia ?en.2
iaaaaeai? /anoioi? oa?aeoa?enoeee IOeO, neioaciaai? ca oiia
??aiiaei??ieo NAI neaiaeo oa aaaeaii? oa?aeoa?enoeee o?eueo?a i?e
SYMBOL 120 \f «Symbol» \s 14 x SYMBOL 206 \f «Symbol» \s 14 I
[0.1;0.3], ??aiiaei??ii? NAI caaaaee SYMBOL 120 \f «Symbol» \s 14 x
SYMBOL 206 \f «Symbol» \s 14 I [0.2;0.4], oa q=2. ANEI oeeo o?eueo??a
aeineoue aeecueea aei NEI ?aeaaeueiiai o?eueo?o, iaa?oue ca iaeeo I.
Cacia/eii, ui, ca oiiae oaeeo NAI neaiaeo oa caaaaee, i?iaanoe neioac
IOeO ca ?ioeie e?eoa??yie aeineoue aaaeei.

?ic?aoiaai? IOeO, i?ecia/ai? aeey aaieo o?eueo??a /anoioiiai
aeaioeueoeieaeni?a. Io?eiai? /anoioi? oa?aeoa?enoeee caaacia/othoue
oi?ioo ia?aaea/o ?ioi?iaoe?eieo neaiae?a oa cia/ia iineaaeaiiy neaiae?a
?ioeo eaiae?a. I?e oeueiio iniiaia /anoeia aia?a?? Oo?uea-ia?aoai?aiiy
?iioeuenii? oa?aeoa?enoeee cina?aaeaeaia a ia?ao?aeieo nioaao.

?icaeyiooa iioei?caoe?y e?e c caaeaiith oaciaith oa?aeoa?enoeeith a
eean? EAI ia i?eeeaaeao neioaco aeeoa?aioe?aoi??a, ?ioaa?aoi??a,
i?aaeeeoi??a, ?ioa?iieyoi??a, ei?aeoi??a /anoioieo oa?aeoa?enoee.
Neioaciaai? i?eno?i? caaacia/othoue noi?nii iio??aio
aiie?ooaeii-/anoioio (i?yii /e cai?ioiuei i?iii?oe?eio /anoio?; iaa?iaio
oa?aeoa?enoeoe? i?eno?ith, aieea yeiai o?aaa ei?eaoaaoe, iai?eeeaae,
aiaeiaiaiai o?eueo?o, ui i?ecia/aiee aeey iineaaeaiiy iaeeaaeaiiy
niaeo??a i?ae /an aeene?aoecaoe??) oa oaci/anoioio (c e?i?eiei aai
iino?eiei oaciaei cnoaii, a oiio /ene? c o?aooaaiiyi i?eno?ith, yeee
o?aaa ei?eaoaaoe) oa?aeoa?enoeee, a oaeiae cia/ia iineaaeaiiy caaaaee
a?aeiia?aeii ?? niaeo?o.

?icaeyioo? iniaeeaino? neioaco i?eno?i?a ia?iaee neaiae?a ia IAO, ye?
i?i?ethno?iaai? i?eeeaaeaie neioaco ca e?eoa???i ANC. Iieacaii, ui o
aeiaaeeo neioaco aocueeinioaiaeo i?eno?i?a canoinoaaiiy e?eoa??th ANC
aaoiiaoe/ii caaacia/o? i?i?i?caoe?th aieeao oaoiieia?/ieo oaeoi??a.
Aeiaaaeaii, ui aeei?enoaiiy i?i??aeaeaieo iaaiiaeeciaaieo COI aeicaiey?
cieceoe aieea oeeo oaeoi??a, ? ?o canoinoaaiiy aeioe?euei?oa a aeiaaeeao
cia/ieo aeiaaeeiaeo ae?iaie/eo a?aeoeeaiue. I?iaaaeaii
aenia?eiaioaeueiee aiae?c oa?aeoa?enoee aeaioiaeaieo o?eueo??a (?en.3,
e?aieaie iicia/ai? ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueieo aei??thaaiue).
Iaeneioie ia/eneaii? ca i?aaeeii 3 SYMBOL 115 \f «Symbol» \s 14 s
aa?oiuei? iaae? iiey aeiionea (u?eueia e?i?y) ca?aathoueny c iaeneioiaie
?ic?aooieiai? oa?aeoa?enoeee iaaiiaeeciaaiiai COI (oo?eoiaa e?i?y), ui
a?aeiia?aea? ?acoeueoaoai oai?aoe/iiai aiae?co. ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo
ioe?iee noaoenoe/ieo ia?aiao??a aeiaaeeiaeo a?aeoeeaiue ca
aenia?eiaioaeueii anoaiiaeaiith aa?oiueith iaaeath iiey aeiionea. Ia
?en.4 cia?aaeai? aenia?eiaioaeuei? oi/ee oa iaea?eueo a?aeiia?aeia
oai?aoe/ia e?eaa.

Ia iniia? ioe?iaieo cia/aiue aoea aeyaeaia aeioe?euei?noue canoinoaaiiy
eiia?iaoe?e «aiiaeeciaaiee +i?i??aeaeaiee COI» oa
«i?i??aeaeaiee+i?i??aeaeaiee COI», ye? caaacia/othoue cieaeaiiy ??aiy
aieiaeo iaethnoe?a ia 4-5 aeA oa 9-10 aeA, a?aeiia?aeii, ii??aiyii c
eiia?iaoe??th «aiiaeeciaaiee +aea?ae?noaioiee COI». Iaea?aeaii
iaaeeaeai? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy, ye? aeia?a ocaiaeaeothoueny c
aenia?eiaioaeueieie ?acoeueoaoaie, ui ca’ycothoue ??aaiue aieiaeo
iaethnoe?a oa cia/aiiy ANC o?eueo??a ia IAO (ANC ia 5-6 aeA aeua ca
??aaiue aieiaeo iaethnoe?a) oa aeicaieythoue ioe?ithaaoe ANC o?eueo??a
ia IAO ca cia/aiiyie ia?aiao??a oaoiieia?/ieo a?aeoeeaiue aei ?o
aeaioiaeaiiy.

?icaeyiooi canoinoaaiiy cai?iiiiiaaieo i?ioeaaeo? aei neioaco
?aeo?neaieo o?eueo??a. A*O ?OeO caeaaeeoue a?ae eiao?oe??io?a caoii?ao
cai?ioiueiai ca’yceo iae?i?eiei /eiii. Aea ?OeO c a?aeiiei iieiaeaiiyi
iiethn?a iiaeia ?icaeyaeaoe ye EAI c iaaecia/aiieie eiao?oe??ioaie, ui
aea? ciiao canoinoaaoe iaoiaee neioaco EAI ca aia?aaoe/ieie e?eoa??yie.
Iiaoaeiaaii aeai?eoi neioaco ?OeO, ia ia?oiio e?ioe? yeiai aecia/a?oueny
iieiaeaiiy iiethn?a, a ia ae?oaiio i?iaiaeeoueny inoaoi/ia iioei?caoe?y.
Iaea?eueo oe?eaa? ?acoeueoaoe io?eiai? i?ae /an neioaco ca e?eoa???i
ANC. E??i oiai, ?ic?iaeai? oa caiaoaioiaai? eiino?oeoe?? ?aeo?neaieo
i?eno?i?a ia IAO.

O i’yoiio ?icae?e? ?icaeyiooi neioac EAI aeey ae??oaiiy i?eeeaaeieo
caaea/ iiia?aaeiuei? ia?iaee neaiae?a.

I?iaaaeaii iioeiaeueiee neioac IOeO aeey ia?iaee ?ioi?iaoe?eieo neaiae?a
ca ?aaeueieie niaeo?aeueieie aeanoeainoyie inoaii?o. I?iaaaeaii neioac
i?eno?i?a iiia?aaeiuei? ia?iaee a?ae?iaeonoe/ieo neaiae?a
(ia?aoai?thaa/?a A?eueaa?oa oa o?eueo??a c e?i?eiith oacith) aeey
nenoai, ui i?aoeththoue a aeoeaiiio oa ianeaiiio ?aaeeiao ca oiiae
aieeao ooio aeeaieiai ii?y (NAI aeecueea aei caeaaeiino? 1/f).
A?aoiaoaaeenue oa?aeoa?enoeee iiia?aaeiueiai aiaeiaiaiai o?eueo?o
Aaoa?ai?oa. Iieacaii, ui noi?nia aeei?enoaiiy IOeO oa aiaeiaiaiai
o?eueo?o aeicaiey? ii?aeiaoe cia/ia iineaaeaiiy caaaaeiaeo neaiae?a
a?aeaeae?e a?ae oeaio?aeueii? /anoioe (caaacia/o? aiaeiaiaee o?eueo?) oa
aocueeo ia?ao?aeio nioao (caaacia/o? IOeO). Ia/eneaii aea?ao nenoai
aiaeiaiaee o?eueo?+IOeO, yeee aeecueeee aei aea?aoo ?aeaaeueiiai
o?eueo?o. A i?eeiio ii?? (cie?aia, ia oaeueo?) NAI ooio cacia?
a?ae/ooiiai aieeao iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua. Oiio ?? aeioe?eueii
ioe?ithaaoe a iaocao ?iaioe a?ae?iaeonoe/ieo cania?a, i?ney /iai
i?iaiaeeoe iioei?caoe?th oa?aeoa?enoee IOeO. Oaea iaoiaeeea canoiniaaia
aeey ia?iaee aeaieo, ye? io?eiai? i?ae /an ii?nueei? naenii?ica?aeee
ei?enieo eiiaeei i?ney ciiaeoaaiiy ii?nueeiai aeia ?iioeuenii oaea?iiai
caoaeaeaiiy. Neioaciaai? o?eueo?e caaacia/othoue iaaaeee? niioai?aiiy
oe?ieinioaiaiai ciiaeoth/iai ?iioeueno oa iineaaeaiiy iecueei/anoioieo
ooi?a ii?y, yea cia/ii ia?aaeuo? iineaaeaiiy, ui caaacia/o?oueny
o?aaeeoe?eieie iaoiaeaie. Cie?aia, ia ?en.5a iaaaaeaii niaeo?
ciiaeoth/iai ?iioeueno, a ia ?en.5a — /anoioi? oa?aeoa?enoeee
neioaciaaieo o?eueo??a, ui caaacia/othoue ianiioai?aio ia?aaea/o oaeiai
?iioeueno iaeii/anii c iineaaeaiiyi ?ioaineaii? iecueei/anoioii?
caaaaee.

Cia/iee i?aeoe/iee ?ioa?an noaiiaeoue canoinoaaiiy ?ic?iaeaieo iaoiae?a
neioaco IOeO aei ae??oaiiy caaea/ a?a?iae?aaiinoeee iaoei oa iaoai?ci?a.
Ia iniia? ?aaeueieo aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo i?iaaaeaii neioac IOeO,
ye? caaacia/othoue naeaeoe?th ?ioi?iaoe?eieo neaiae?a i?e ae??oaii?
caaea/ a?a?iae?aaiinoeee noaio (ciino) oa oi/iino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy
oeaoeueeeo oa iaoaeiia?iaieo aa?noao?a, a oaeiae iioei?caoe??
eiino?oeoe?? aeine?aeieo c?ace?a iaoai?ci?a. Neioaciaai? IOeO
caaacia/othoue iineaaeaiiy caaaaeiaeo neaiae?a ia 10-40 aeA, a oaeiae
iaeiie?aoia aai aeaie?aoia ?ioaa?oaaiiy ia?iaey?iiai neaiaeo, yea
iaiao?aeia aeey io?eiaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? uiaei eieeaaeueii? oaeaeeino? aai
ci?uaiiy o ?ac? aeei?enoaiiy aeao/ee?a a?a?aoe?e iaea?eueo aaeeaaiiai
aenaea?iiao?e/iiai oeio. Cie?aia, ia ?en.6.a iaaaaeaii NAI a?a?aoe?e
oeaoeueeiai aa?noaoo (oo?eoiaa e?i?y — aeiaeaoeia? a?a?aoe??, ui
aeieeathoue aiane?aeie ciino), ia ?en.6.a — oa?aeoa?enoeea nioaiaiai
IOeO, ia ?en.6.a -oa?aeoa?enoeea nioaiaiai IOeO c ?ioaa?oaaiiyi
ei?eniiai neaiaeo. E??i oiai, i?iaaaeaii neioac o?eueo??a, ui
i?aoeththoue ca oiia aieeao ooio aeaeyaeo 1/f.

I?iaaaeaii neioac i?eno?i?a iiia?aaeiuei? eaaae?aoo?ii? ia?iaee
neaiae?a. I?eno?i? neeaaeathoueny c o?eueo?a c e?i?eiith oacith oa
ia?aoai?thaa/a A?eueaa?oa (oeeo?iaeo aai ia IAO). Iieacaii, ui oi/i?noue
ooieoe?iioaaiiy aeaoaeoi?a ia?iath/i?, i?eno?ith aeey ia?aiino niaeo?o,
cnoaa/a oace aecia/a?oueny a?aeiiniith ?ica?aei?noth oa?aeoa?enoee
eaaae?aoo?ieo eaiae?a oeeo i?eno?i?a a nioc? i?iioneaiiy. ?icaeyioo?
i?eeeaaee neioaco oaeeo i?eno?i?a ca e?eoa???i ANC, ui caaacia/othoue
a?aeiinio ?ica?aei?noue oa?aeoa?enoee iaiueo i?ae 2%, oa iineaaeaiiy
caaaae a?aeiia?aeii aei ?o niaeo?o. Cie?aia, ia ?en.7 iaaaaeai?
oa?aeoa?enoeee o?eueo?o c e?i?eiith oacith (u?eueia e?i?y) oa
ia?aoai?thaa/a A?eueaa?oa (oo?eoiaa e?i?y) aeey ia?iaee a?ae?iaeonoe/ieo
neaiae?a o aeeaieiio ii??, ca oiiae iiia?aaeiuei? ia?iaee neaiae?a
aiaeiaiaei o?eueo?ii Aaoa?ai?oa.

A oinoiio ?icae?e? ?icaeyiooi neioac EAI ia?iaee neaiae?a a iaeano?
/ano.

?ic?iaeai? iaoiaeeee neioaco EAI, ui aeei?enoiaothoueny aeey ia?iaee
?iioeuenieo neaiae?a. A oeueiio aeiaaeeo aaceni? ooieoe?? iathoue
aeaeyae :

, (18)

aea o(t) — ao?aeiee neaiae EAI, tk — /an cao?eiee ao?aeiiai neaiaeo
(aeey IOeO aei??aith? k SYMBOL 68 \f «Symbol» \s 14 D t, aea SYMBOL 68
\f «Symbol» \s 14 D t — ?ioa?aae aeene?aoecaoe??, aeey i?eno?i?a ia IAO
— xk/c). I?iaiae?ciaai? iniiai? aeiiae aei iaea?eueo iioe?aieo i?eno?i?a
ia?iaee neaiae?a a iaeano? /ano — ocaiaeaeaieo o?eueo??a,
ia?aoai?thaa/?a ?iioeuen?a oa aeaeiiaiethoi??a (ia?aoai?thaa/?a
?iioeuen?a, aaaeaiei a?aeaoeii yeeo ia iii?iee neaiae ? SYMBOL 100 \f
«Symbol» \s 14 d -ooieoe?y).

?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeee neioaco ia?aoai?thaa/?a ?iioeuen?a, iieacaii, ui
iaea?eueo caaaeueiei c ieo ? iaoiae, ui aaco?oueny ia i?aeoiae?
A?ia?a-Oiioa. Aea oaeee iaoiae i?ecaiaeeoue aei iiyae o?oaeiiu?a,
iia’ycaieo c /enaeueiei iaa?iaiyi aaoieiaa??aoe?eieo iao?eoeue ?aaeueieo
neaiae?a. Oe? iao?eoe? ? ae?iaeaeaieie o aeiaaeeao neioaco i?eno?i?a,
o?eaae?noue a?aeaoeo yeeo ia?aaeuo? o?eaae?noue neaiaeo.

Ieoo?aa iiieeea aeo?aeiiai neaiaeo oeeo?iaiai ia?aoai?thaa/a ?iioeuen?a
aeey k-oiai aeo?aeiiai a?aee?eo ia/eneth?oueny ca ni?aa?aeiioaiiyi :

, (19)

aea dk — aaaeaia cia/aiiy aeo?aeiiai a?aee?eo, Xk — aaeoi? a?aee?e?a
ao?aeiiai neaiaeo, ui caa??aathoueny a ?aaeno?ao IOeO. ?icaeyiaii
aeiaeaoeiaee ii?ioth/ee i?eno??e c i?aeneeaiiyi g, eaneaaeii c’?aeiaiee
c IOeO. I?e oeueiio NEI aeo?aeiiai neaiaeo noaiiaeoue:

, (20)

. Oiae? iioeiaeueia cia/aiiy g, yea i?i?i?co? NEI:

, (21)

ca?aeee

, (22)

, ui aea? e?eoa??e i?i?i?caoe?? NEI caieno?oueny o aeaeyae? OA?

. (23)

Iieacaii, ui ni?aa?aeiioaiiy (23) ca nai?i ci?noii oioiaeia ?ica’yceo
A?ia?a-Oiioa, iaeiae aeicaiey? iaieiooe aaaee, aeanoea? inoaiiueiio i?ae
/an /enaeueii? iioei?caoe??. ?icaeyioo? iniaeeaino? canoinoaaiiy
e?eoa??th (23) aei ia?iaee eiioeioaeueieo neaiae?a, iioei?caoe??
i?eno?i?a ia IAO (a oiio /ene? c o?aooaaiiyi oaoiieia?/ieo a?aeoeeaiue),
a oaeiae aeey aeiaaeeo ia?iaee noi?o? neaiaea oa ?ioaineaiiai (iaea ANC)
ooio. ?icaeyioo? i?eeeaaee canoinoaaiiy ?ic?iaeaiiai i?aeoiaeo aeey
neioaco aeaeiiaiethoi??a a?aeai?iioeuen?a oa ?aae?i?iioeuen?a a oiiaao
aaeeeiai ANC ia aoiae?. Ia ?en.8 cia?aaeai? io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe
(u?eueia e?i?y) ii??aiyii c oa?aeoa?enoeeaie ocaiaeaeaiiai o?eueo?o
(oo?eoiaa e?i?y). Ce?aa iaaaaeai? a?aeaoee o?eueo??a, ni?aaa — ?o
cai?oea c iii?iei i?yiieooiei a?aeai?iioeuenii. Aiae?c iieacaa, ui o
?icaeyiooiio aeiaaeeo a?aenooiueiai ooio ?ic?iaeai? i?eno?i?
caaacia/othoue i?aeaeuaiiy ?ic??cithth/i? caeaoiino? a 1.5-5 ?ac?a,
ciaioaiiy NEI a 10-20 ?ac?a ii??aiyii c ocaiaeaeaiei o?eueo?ii.

I?iaaaeaii neioac aeaeiiaiethoi?o neaiae?a aeonoe/iiai ia?oei?aiiai
eiio?ieth. Ia ?en.9 iaaaaeaii ?acoeueoaoe ia?iaee oeiiaiai ?iioeueno
oaea?iiai caoaeaeaiiy (a). A?aeaoe neioaciaaiiai aeaeiiaiethoi?a (a)
caaacia/o? aeecueeee aei SYMBOL 100 \f «Symbol» \s 14 d -ooieoe??
aeo?aeiee neaiae (a). Cie?aia, i?e a?aeaeoo? ciiaeoth/iai ?iioeuena a?ae
ia?aoeiaee c oa?aeoa?enoeeith a?aeaeooy (a) aaia?o?oueny neaiae (ae), c
yeiai aaaeei anoaiiaeoe no?oeoo?o ia?aoeiaee. Iaeiae i?ney ia?iaee
oeueiai neaiaeo neioaciaaiei a ?iaio? aeaeiiaiethoi?ii iaea?aeaii
aeo?aeiee neaiae (a), ui aeineoue aeia?a ocaiaeaeaiee c oa?aeoa?enoeeith
a?aeaeooy.

?icaeyiooi neioac i?eno?i?a iiia?aaeiuei? ia?iaee aeey nenoai
aeaoaeooaaiiy neaiae?a ca oiia cia/ieo ooi?a. Aeey oaeeo i?eno?i?a
iaiao?aeii caaacia/oaaoe noi?nia cieaeaiiy ??aith ooio (ooieoe?y
ocaiaeaeaiiai o?eueo?a) oa i?aeaeuaiiy ?ic??cithth/i? caeaoiino?
(ooieoe?y aeaeiiaiethoi?a). A oeueiio aeiaaeeo aeioe?eueii
aeei?enoiaoaaoe e?eoa??e, yeee iaenei?co? aeo?aeia ANC, ye a?aeiioaiiy
aia?a?? a?aeaoeo ia ei?eniee neaiae ia i?ii?aeeo, ui a?aeiia?aea?
iio??ai?e ?ic??cithth/?e caeaoiino? i?eno?ith, aei noie aia?a?? caaaaee
oa ?aooe aia?a?? a?aeaoeo ia ei?eniee neaiae. Iieacaii, ui oeae e?eoa??e
i?ecaiaeeoue aei OA?, oa i?iaiae?ciaai? iniaeeaino? eiai canoinoaaiiy.
?icaeyioo? iniaeeaino? neioaco i?eno?i?a aeey ia?iaee i?yiieooieo
a?aeai?iioeuen?a o a?eiio ooi? oa iieacaii, ui oe? i?eno?i?
ocaaaeueiththoue iiiyooy ocaiaeaeaiiai o?eueo?o (yeee neioaco?oueny o
aeiaaeeo iecueeiai ao?aeiiai ANC oa/aai iecueei? aaaeaii? ?ic??cithth/i?
caeaoiino?) oa aeaeiiaiethoi?a (aenie? ao?aeia ANC oa aaaeaia
?ic??cithth/a caeaoi?noue). Cie?aia, iioeiaeueia ?iioeuenia
oa?aeoa?enoeea o?eueo?o aeey i?yiieooiiai a?aeai?iioeueno iinooiiai
ia?aoiaeeoue c oa?aeoa?enoeee ocaiaeaeaiiai o?eueo?o aei oa?aeoa?enoeee
aeaeiiaiethoi?a i?e ca?eueoaii? ao?aeiiai ANC. I?e oeueiio caoaeo?oueny
aieiaiee iaethnoie a?aeaoeo ia iii?iee neaiae.

Aeey aaeaioeaii? ci?ie a?aeaoeo i?eno?ith i?ae /an ci?ie ao?aeiiai ANC
(aai ia?aieeaiiy i?eno?i?a, iioei?ciaaieo aeey iaaiiai ae?aiaciio
cia/aiue ao?aeiiai ANC) iaiao?aeii caaacia/eoe ioe?ieo ao?aeiiai ANC.
Aiia iiaea aooe aecia/aia ca aeiiiiiaith cai?iiiiiaaiiai o?eueo?o, ui
i?i?i?co? ANC iii?iiai neaiaeo ?, oaeei /eiii, aeae?ey? caaaaeo.
Cie?aia, neioaciaaii IOeO, yeee iia??oo? ANC aeey iii?iiai i?yiieooiiai
a?aeai?iioeueno o a?eiio ooi? ia 29 aeA, ui aeicaiey? aeinoia??ii
ioe?ithaaoe aeenia?n?th inoaiiueiai.

I?iaaaeaii neioac i?eno?i?a aeey eeaneo?eaoe?? neaiae?a oa cai?iiiiiaaii
aeaa i?aeoiaee aei ae??oaiiy oe??? caaea/? ia iniia? ?ic?iaeaii?
iaoiaeieia??. Ia?oee i?aeo?ae aea? no?oeoo?o c ia?aeaeueii aa?ieiaieo
IOeO. Ca?aeii c iei caaaaeiaeie neaiaeaie ia aeoiae? eiaeiiai c IOeO
aeiaeaoeiai aaaaeathoueny a?aeaoee ia iii?i? neaiaee ?ioeo eaiae?a.
Ae?oaee i?aeo?ae aaco?oueny ia ia/eneaii? iioeiaeueii? ca e?eoa???i NEI
e?i?eii? ai?ieneiaoe?? ao?aeiiai neaiaeo (aaceni? ooieoe?? — iii?i?
neaiaee eaiae?a c o?aooaaiiyi on?o aeiionoeieo cnoa?a). Ae?oaee i?aeo?ae
iio?aao? cia/ii a?eueoeo ia/enethaaeueieo ?ano?n?a, aea iiaea aooe
canoiniaaiee, iai?eeeaae, aeey ae??oaiiy caaea/ niaeo?aeueiiai aiae?co
?iioeuen?a, wavelet-aiae?co oa ?i.

?icaeyioo? iiaeeeaino? canoinoaaiiy ?ic?iaeaiiai i?aeoiaeo aei neioaco
i?eno?i?a, i?ecia/aieo aeey ae??oaiiy caaea/? ia/eneaiiy eiao?oe??io?a
aaoi?aa?an?? (o oeueiio aeiaaeeo aacenieie ooieoe?yie neoaothoue cnoioo?
eii?? neaiaeo, ui aiae?co?oueny), oa iieacai? ia?niaeoeae oaeiai
i?aeoiaeo.

O nueiiiio ?icae?e? ?icaeyiooi neioac EAI ia?iaee neaiae?a o i?inoi?ia?e
iaeano?.

?icaeyiooi iniiai? i?aeoiaee, ui canoiniaothoueny aei iioei?caoe?? A?,
oa ?aaeeie ?iaioe inoaii?o (aocueeinioaiaee, oe?ieinioaiaee oa
?iioeueniee). O iioi/iee /an aeineoue aeia?a aeine?aeaeaii
aocueeinioaiaee ?aaeei ?iaioe A? aeey oi/eiaeo aeaea?ae ei?enieo
neaiae?a oa caaaae. Aea aeiaaeee oe?ieinaeoi?ieo aeaea?ae neaiaeo oa
caaaaee o aocueeinioaiaiio ?aaeei? ?iaioe A? iio?aaothoue iiaeaeueoiai
?icaeyaeo. Iiea, ui oi?io?oueny A? caieno?oueny o aeaeyae? :

(23)

aea SYMBOL 113 \f «Symbol» \s 14 q — aaeoi? i?inoi?iaeo eii?aeeiao, si-
oaeey, ui aei?ii?ith?oueny (ni?eeia?oueny) i-ei aeaiaioii, SYMBOL 116
\f «Symbol» \s 14 t i- cao?eiea i?ae /an ?iciianthaeaeaiiy oaee? i?ae
aeaiaioii A? oa naaiaioii i?inoi?o, ai- ia?aiao?e, ui aecia/athoue aeae
neaiaeo (iai?eeeaae, aaaia? eiao?oe??ioe neioacii? oa eaaae?aoo?ii?
neeaaeiaeo). I?e oeueiio e?eoa??? ANC oa NEI iathoue aeaeyae :

(24)

NEI:

(25)

Iieacaii, ui i?eeiaeuei? A?, aei?ii?ithth/? A?, ui caoaeaeothoueny
iaeiaeiaei neaiaeii, A?, ui caoaeaeothoueny neaiaeaie c aeoiae?a
aeiaeaoeiaeo IOeO, A?, ui caoaeaeothoueny neaiaeaie c? ci?iieie aaaiaeie
eiao?oe??ioaie neeaaeiaeo, iiaeooue ?icaeyaeaoeny ye i?eno?i? a eean?
EAI. Oiio canoinoaaiiy e?eoa???a (24) oa (25) i?ecaiaeeoue aei caaea/?
iioei?caoe?? OA?, i?e oeueiio a yeino? aaaiaeo ooieoe?e aeioe?eueii
aeae?aoe ai??i?i? aai aiinoa??i?i? i?inoi?ia? (aai i?inoi?iai-/anoioi?)
?iciiae?ee neaiaeo oa caaaaee.

?ic?iaeai? aeai?eoie iioei?caoe?? A? a aocueeinioaiaiio ?aaeei? ( SYMBOL
68 \f «Symbol» \s 14 D SYMBOL 120 \f «Symbol» \s 14 x / SYMBOL 120 \f
«Symbol» \s 14 x 0<<1) aeey aeiaaeeo oe?ieinaeoi?ieo neaiae?a oa caaaae. Iaaaaeai? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeey ?ic?aooieo aacenieo ooieoe?e A? ye o caaaeueiiio aeiaaeeo, oae ? aeey iaea?eueo iioe?aieo ia i?aeoeoe? iniaeeaeo aeiaaee?a. Cae?eniaii neioac A? ca oiia ??cieo neaiae-caaaaeiaeo neooaoe?e. Iieacaii, ui canoinoaaiiy oaciaaii? ii/aoeiai? oi/ee iiaea aooe iaaeinoaoi?i aeey caaacia/aiiy iio??aii? oe?eie ae?aa?aie ni?yiiaaiiino?. Cie?aia, ia ?en.10 iaaaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe iioei?caoe?? 20-aeaiaioii? aea?ae?noaioii? A? a aeaeuei?e cii? c aaaeaiei aieiaiei iaethnoeii [-60 SYMBOL 176 \f "Symbol" \s 14 ° ;0 SYMBOL 176 \f "Symbol" \s 14 ° ] oa caaaaeaie c eooiaeie iieiaeaiiyie [-90 SYMBOL 176 \f "Symbol" \s 14 ° ;-87 SYMBOL 176 \f "Symbol" \s 14 ° ], [-61.5 SYMBOL 176 \f "Symbol" \s 14 ° ;-58.5 SYMBOL 176 \f "Symbol" \s 14 ° ], [-1.5 SYMBOL 176 \f "Symbol" \s 14 ° ;1.5 SYMBOL 176 \f "Symbol" \s 14 ° ], [30 SYMBOL 176 \f "Symbol" \s 14 ° ;60 SYMBOL 176 \f "Symbol" \s 14 ° ], [87 SYMBOL 176 \f "Symbol" \s 14 ° ;90 SYMBOL 176 \f "Symbol" \s 14 ° ] oa iiaieie a?aeiinieie iiooaeiinoyie 0.005,0.33,0.25,0.16,0.16 a?aeiia?aeii (nooe?eueia e?i?y - ca aeei?enoaiiyi oe?ieinaeoi?ii? ii/aoeiai? oi/ee, oo?eoiaa - oaciaaii?). sse iieacaee ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue, canoinoaaiiy cai?iiiiiaaii? iaoiaeeee aea? aea?ao a 3-10 aeA. ?ic?iaeai? aeai?eoie iioei?caoe?? A? a oe?ieinioaiaiio ?aaeei? ( SYMBOL 68 \f "Symbol" \s 14 D SYMBOL 120 \f "Symbol" \s 14 x / SYMBOL 120 \f "Symbol" \s 14 x 0<<1), ae?y yeeo ?ethno?o?oueny i?eeeaae iioei?caoe?? oe?ieinioaiai? 16-aeaiaioii? aea?ae?noaioii? A? ca oiiaaie : . (26) Aei eiaeiiai c eaiae?a aaaaeii cao?eieo, ui caaacia/o? eiiiainaoe?th A? aeey eooa SYMBOL 106 \f "Symbol" \s 14 j =-10 SYMBOL 176 \f "Symbol" \s 14 ° oa /anoioe SYMBOL 120 \f "Symbol" \s 14 x =1. Ii/aoeiaa iaaeeaeaiiy aeey a?aae??ioii? iioei?caoe?? aoei ?ic?aoiaaia ca ni?aa?aeiioaiiyi (17), iioei?caoe?y i?iaiaeeeanue ca e?eoa???i NEI i?e ao?aeiiio ANC -40 aeA. Ia ?en.11 iaaaaeaii io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe (ce?aa -Oo?ue?-ia?aoai?aiiy iio??aii? oa?aeoa?enoeee - aaeoi? A, a oeaio?? - ia/eneaia ca (17) ii/aoeiaa iaaeeaeaiiy, ni?aaa - ?acoeueoao inoaoi/ii? iioei?caoe??). sse iieacaee ?acoeueoaoe /enaeueieo aenia?eiaio?a, canoinoaaiiy ?ic?iaeaii? iaoiaeeee caaacia/o? aea?ao 5-15 aeA. ?icaeyiooi neioac A? aeey ?iioeueniiai ?aaeeio ?iaioe ca e?eoa???i NEI. Io?eiaii ia?aaeuaiiy ??aiy ei?enieo aei?ii?ithaaieo neaiae?a iaae oe?aeeeaeie ia 15 aeA aeey 10-aeaiaioii? A? c aaaeaiith oe?eiith aieiaiiai iaethnoea 30 SYMBOL 176 \f "Symbol" \s 14 ° . I?iaaaeaii ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a, io?eiaieo i?e iioei?caoe?? EAI a ??cieo ?aaeeiao ca oiiae aeecueeeo neaiae-caaaaeiaeo neooaoe?e aeey aocueeiai oa oe?ieiai aaaeaiiai aieiaiiai iaethnoea (oeaio?aeueiee eoo 30 SYMBOL 176 \f "Symbol" \s 14 ° , caaaaea aoea ?iciiae?eaia o naeoi?ao [-90 SYMBOL 176 \f "Symbol" \s 14 ° ;-87 SYMBOL 176 \f "Symbol" \s 14 ° ], [-60 SYMBOL 176 \f "Symbol" \s 14 ° ;-10 SYMBOL 176 \f "Symbol" \s 14 ° ], [-75 SYMBOL 176 \f "Symbol" \s 14 ° ;80 SYMBOL 176 \f "Symbol" \s 14 ° ] c a?aeiinieie ??aiyie 5,1,10 a?aeiia?aeii). Io?eiai? i?inoi?ia? oa?aeoa?enoeee 10-aeaiaioii? A? iaaaaeai? a yeino? i?eeeaae?a ia ?en.12 (ce?aa - aocueeinioaiaa aaaeaia oa?aeoa?enoeea, ni?aaa - oe?ieinioaiaa, caa?oo aiec - aocueeinioaiaee, oe?ieinioaiaee oa ?iioeueniee ?aaeeie a?aeiia?aeii). Aeey aocueeinioaiaiai ?aaeeio iaaaaeaii ae?aa?aie ni?yiiaaiiino?, aeey ?ioeo ?aaeei?a i?iaaaeaii aeiaeaoeiaa ?ioaa?oaaiiiy ii /anoio? aai /ano (nooe?eueia e?i?y aeey ao?aeiiai ANC 10 aeA, oo?eoiaa - aeey -10 aeA, ioieoe?ia aeey -30 aeA). I?iaaaeaiee aiae?c oa?aeoa?enoee neioaciaaieo ca aeaiith iaoiaeeeith A? na?ae/eoue, ui e?euee?noue oa ae?aci?noue aieiaeo iaethnoe?a ciaioo?oueny c ?icoe?aiiyi /anoioii? nioae neaiaeo. E??i oiai, iioeiaeuei? cia/aiiy aaaiaeo eiao?oe??io?a nooo?ai a?ae??ciythoueny i?e oiia? ci?ie /anoioii? nioae ia?iaey?iiai neaiaeo. Aeiaeaoeiaee ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c aeey oeeo ?aaeei?a i?iaaaeaii oaeiae o aeiaaeeo iaoai?/iiai iiai?ioo A? o iaai?e caaaaeia?e neooaoe??. O aeniiaeao iaaaaeai? iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe. AENIIAEE I?ae /an ae??oaiiy caaea/ ?iaioe aoee io?eiai? oae? ?acoeueoaoe: ?ic?iaeai? oa oaeineiiaeai? iaoiaeeee neioaco, ye? caaacia/othoue oi?o?eaoe?th e?eoa???a iioei?caoe?? ca oiiae ae?? ?icaeyaea?iiai eiiieaeno iaiaaeaiue. Aeoiaey/e c iieno a?aeaoeo EAI ye acaaaeaii? noie a?aeaoe?a ie?aieo aeaiaio?a (aacenieo ooieoe?e), aeae?eai? aaceni? ooieoe?? ia?aeo?neaieo oeeo?iaeo o?eueo??a (a oiio /ene? c e?i?eiith oacith oa ia?aoai?thaa/?a A?eueaa?oa) oa o?eueo??a ia IAO a iaeanoyo /ano oa /anoioe, a oaeiae aei?ii?ithth/eo oa i?eeiaeueieo aioaiieo ?ao?oie (i?inoi?iaeo o?eueo??a) o aocueeiiieiniiio, oe?ieiiieiniiio oa ?iioeueniiio ?aaeeiao ?iaioe. Oaeei /eiii o?aoiaothoueny no?oeoo?i? oa ia?aiao?e/i? iaiaaeaiiy. Aea?? aia?aaoe/ieo e?eoa???a iioei?caoe?? aeicaiey? o?aooaaoe neaiae/caaaaeia? iaiaaeaiiy oa iaiaaeaiiy ia a?a?eaeecaoe?th ooieoe?e. Aia?aaoe/i? iieacieee EAI iienothoueny eaaae?aoe/ieie oi?iaie, i?e oeueiio a?aeiini? iieacieee - a?aeiioaiiyie eaaae?aoe/ieo oi?i (OA?). Oaoiieia?/i? iaiaaeaiiy o?aoiaothoueny oeyoii ?icaeyaeo na?aaei?o cia/aiue aia?aaoe/ieo iieaciee?a. Oaeei /eiii, i?aeiioeiaeueiee neioac EAI, ui ooieoe?iiothoue ia aac? ??cieo o?ce/ieo i?eioeei?a ca oiia ?icaeyaea?iiai eiiieaeno iaiaaeaiue oa caaacia/othoue ia?iaeo neaiae?a a iaeanoyo /anoioe, /ano, i?inoi?o, iiaea aooe i?iaaaeaiee oeyoii iioei?caoe?? OA?. Anoaiiaeaii ???a?o?/iee ca’ycie i?ae aia?aaoe/ieie e?eoa??yie aeey EAI. I?iaaaeaiee aiae?c iaea?eueo iioe?aieo a iioi/iee /an aia?aaoe/ieo e?eoa???a aeicaieea anoaiiaeoe, ui iaea?eueo caaaeueiei c ieo ? e?eoa??e a?aeiinii? na?aaeiueieaaae?aoe/ii? iioeaee. E?eoa??e a?aeiioaiiy neaiae/caaaaea io?eio?oueny ye ie?aiee aeiaaeie ca oiia iecueeiai ao?aeiiai ANC (oiae? e?i?eieie niioai?aiiyie ei?eniiai neaiaeo iiaeia ciaoooaaoe) aai aocueeiiieiniiai ei?eniiai neaiaeo (e?i?ei? niioai?aiiy i?aeoe/ii a?aenooi?). A naith /a?ao, e?eoa??e iaeneiaeueii? aia?a?? noaiiaeoue ie?aiee aeiaaeie e?eoa??th ANC ca oiiae I-ia?acii? NAI ei?eniiai neaiaeo oa caaaaee o aeaeyae? a?eiai ooio. Oaeei /eiii, aeey i?iaaaeaiiy i?aeiioeiaeueiiai neioaco EAI ca aia?aaoe/ieie e?eoa??yie aeinoaoiuei caaacia/eoe iioei?caoe?th ca e?eoa???i ANEI, i?e oeueiio ?io? e?eoa??? io?eiothoueny ca iaaieo neaiae/caaaaeiaeo neooaoe?e. ?ic?iaeai? oa aeine?aeaeai? aeai?eoie ? i?ia?aie /enaeueii? iioei?caoe?? ia?aiao??a EAI. ?ic?iaeaia i?ia?aiii-aeai?eoi?/ia caaacia/aiiy iiaoaeiaaii ia ?oa?aoe?ei?e a?aae??ioi?e iioei?caoe?? OA?. Ia eiaei?e ?oa?aoe?? i?iaiaeeoueny iiooe ianooiii? iioeiaeueii? oi/ee ia i?yi?e, aecia/ai?e iioi/iith oi/eith oa iai?yieii a?aae??ioa (iaeoaeaeoee nione). Oeae iiooe cae?enith?oueny ca iaeei e?ie oeyoii aiae?oe/iiai ?ica’yceo eaaae?aoiiai ??aiyiiy. Aeiaaaeaii, ui, ca oiiae iioei?caoe?? EAI, io?eioaaia ??aiyiiy caaaeaee ia? ae?eniee ?ica’ycie. Caaa?oaiiy ia/enethaaeueii? i?ioeaaeo?e a?aeaoaa?oueny o ?ac? iaeeo ci?i aaaiaeo eiao?oe??io?a aai iioei?co?iiai iieacieea. Cai?iiiiiaaia i?ioeaaeo?a aecia/aiiy ii/aoeiai? oi/ee caaacia/eea iaea?aeaiiy i?eno?i?a, aoaeoeaieo ca oiiae niaoe?o?eiaaieo ??ciiiai?oieo neaiae/caaaaeiaeo neooaoe?e, a naia: /anoioieo ia?aeo?neaieo oa ?aeo?neaieo o?eueo??a, ?ioaa?aoi??a, aeeoa?aioe?aoi??a, ?ioa?iieyoi??a, ia?aoai?thaa/?a ?iioeuen?a, aeaeiiaiethoi??a, i?eno?i?a ia IAO, a oaeiae aei?ii?ithth/eo oa i?eeiaeueieo aioaiieo ?ao?oie o ??cieo ?aaeeiao ?iaioe. Oaeei /eiii, ?ic?iaeai? aeai?eoie ? i?ia?aie caaacia/othoue aoaeoeai? ?acoeueoaoe neioaco oa ca?aei?noue aeey oe?ieiai ae?aiaciio aeae?a ? ooieoe?iiaeueiiai i?ecia/aiiy EAI oa neaiae/caaaaeiaeo neooaoe?e. ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea ioe?iee noaoenoe/ieo ia?aiao??a aeiaaeeiaeo oaoiieia?/ieo a?aeoeeaiue ca aenia?eiaioaeueieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie i?eno?i?a ia IAO. Iaoiaeeea aaco?oueny ia aenia?eiaioaeueii io?eiaieo cia/aiiyo /anoioieo oa?aeoa?enoee ?aaeueieo i?eno?i?a ia IAO, ui ae?iaeai? ai?iaeiaae iaeiiai ? oiai ae oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano c ?aeaioe/ieo iaoa??ae?a. Nia?oo ia?aaeaa/a?oueny ei?eaoaaiiy aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo c iaoith onoiaiiy aieeao ocaiaeaeoth/eo e?e. Aeae? iaoiaeii iaeiaioeo eaaae?aoia i?iaiaeeoueny aecia/aiiy noaoenoe/ieo ia?aiao??a caoeii?iaiaeo, ye? iaee?aua a?aeiia?aeathoue nei?eaiaaiei aeaiei ca?aeii io?eiaii? iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? aieeao aeiaaeeiaeo oaoiieia?/ieo a?aeoeeaiue. Io?eiai? cia/aiiy ia?aiao??a aeei?enoiaothoueny aeey ?ic?aooieo /ooeeaino? i?eno?i?a aei aieeao aeiaaeeiaeo a?aeoeeaiue, a oaeiae na?aaeiuei? iiooaeiino? aeo?aeieo neaiae?a i?eno?ith. Iieacaii, ui oaeee aieea a na?aaeiueiio aea?eaioiee ae?? aeiaeaoeiaiai a?eiai ooio ? caaaeaee i?ecaiaeeoue aei iia??oaiiy na?aaei?o cia/aiue ANC oa ANEI. Oaeei /eiii, noaoenoe/i? ia?aiao?e, iaiao?aei? aeey i?iaaaeaiiy i?aeiioeiaeueiiai neioaco i?eno?i?a ia IAO, iiaeooue aooe aecia/ai? ca aeiiiiiaith ?ic?iaeaii? iaoiaeeee. I?iaaaeaii neioac iecee aoaeoeaieo EAI aeey ae??oaiiy i?aeoe/ieo caaea/ ia?iaee neaiae?a a /anoioi?e iaeano?. Neioaciaaii IOeO c e?i?eiith oacith, ye?, ca oiiae ia?ae?eooy NAI neaiaeo oa caaaaee, caaacia/othoue ANEI 17-19% (?aeaaeueiee o?eueo? - 16.7%). Iioei?ciaaii aaie IOeO c e?i?eiith oacith aeey /anoioiiai aeaioeueoeieaeni?o, i?e oeueiio eiaeai c o?eueo??a caaacia/o? aea?ao ia iaioa 30 aeA oa ANEI ia a?eueo i?ae 0.7%. ?ic?aoiaai? aeeoa?aioe?aoi?e ??cieo ii?yaee?a, ui caaacia/othoue ANEI aei 0.01%, oa ?ioaa?aoi?e c ANEI iaioa 1%. I?iaaaeaii neioac oeeo?iaeo ?ioa?iieyoi??a (aea?ao 40 aeA oa ANEI iaioa 0.1%) oa ei?aeoi?o /anoioii? oa?aeoa?enoeee aiaeiaiaiai RC-o?eueo?o (aea?ao aei 40 aeA ? ANEI iaiueoa 2%). Iioei?ciaai? oa?aeoa?enoeee oeeo?iaeo o?eueo??a c e?i?eiith oacith oa ia?aoai?thaa/?a A?eueaa?oa, i?ecia/aieo aeey noi?nii? c aiaeiaiaei o?eueo?ii ia?iaee a?ae?iaeonoe/ieo neaiae?a a oiiaao ooio aeeaieiai ii?y (aea?ao aiaeiaiaiai o?eueo?o noaiiaeoue 85-95 aeA, oeeo?iaee o?eueo? aeiaea? 5-10 aeA a aeoeaiiio ?aaeei? oa 10-20 aeA a ianeaiiio, noia?iee aea?ao a aeoeaiiio ?aaeei? iinooia?oueny aea?aoo o?eueo?a c I-ia?aciith A*O eeoa ia 1-2 aeA). Cae?eniaii ?ic?aooiie o?eueo??a c e?i?eiith oacith aeey ia?iaee naeni?/ieo neaiae?a ca oiia ooio i?eeiai ii?y, i?e oeueiio aeinyaiooi aeiaeaoeiaa iineaaeaiiy iecueei/anoioiiai ooio ia 20-30 aeA ii??aiyii c o?eueo?ii, ui aeei?enoiaoaaany ?ai?oa. Neioaciaaii ieceo o?eueo??a oa a?a?eaeieo i?eno?i?a, ui ae??oothoue iaai? caaea/? ae?aaiinoeee iaoei oa iaoai?ci?a ca ?o a?a?aoe?yie (aea?ao neeaaea? 10-40 aeA). Neioaciaaiee o?eueo? c e?i?eiith oacith aeey ia?iaee neaiae?a a ooi? oeio 1/f c ANEI iaiueoa 0.1%. I?iaaaeaii iioei?caoe?th iecee ia?aoai?thaa/?a IAO, io?eiaii iaoaio ia i?i??aeaeai? ia?aoai?thaa/? c ??aiai aieiaeo iaethnoe?a -20...-27 aeA, oa ?ic?iaeai? eiino?oeoe?? a?aeiia?aeieo o?eueo??a ia IAO. I?iaiae?ciaai? aeiiae aei i?eno?i?a eaaae?aoo?ii? ia?iaee neaiae?a oa ?ic?aoiaai? i?eno?i? c a?aeiiniei iaocaiaeaeaiiyi iaio i?ae 2% ca oiia ae?? a?eiai ooio oa ooio aeeaieiai ii?y. ?icaeyioo? i?eeeaaee canoinoaaiiy ?ic?iaeaieo iaoiae?a aei neioaco ?aeo?neaieo o?eueo??a oa caiaoaioiaai? eiino?oeoe?? 3 ?aeo?neaieo i?eno?i?a ia IAO. I?iaaaeaii neioac iecee aoaeoeaieo EAI aeey ae??oaiiy i?aeoe/ieo caaea/ ia?iaee neaiae?a a iaeano? /ano. ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaee canoiniaoaaeenue aeey neioaco a iaeano? /ano i?eno?i?a ia?iaee ?iioeuenieo neaiae?a a?aeiii? oi?ie c o?aooaaiiyi aeiaeaoeiaeo iaiaaeaiue ia ?ic??cithth/o caeaoi?noue (cie?aia, aeaeiiaiethoi??a). A oiiaao a?aenooiino? ooio ?ic?aoiaai? aeaeiiaiethoi?e caaacia/othoue i?aeaeuaiiy ?ic??cithth/i? caeaoiino? a 1.5...5 ?ac?a oa cieaeaiiy ??aiy aieiaeo iaethnoe?a a 2...2.5 ?ace ii??aiyii c ocaiaeaeaiei o?eueo?ii. Neioaciaaii aoaeoeaiee aeaeiiaiethoi? ?iioeuen?a aeonoe/ii? aeaoaeoineii??. I?iaaaeaii iioei?caoe?th EAI ca oiiae ae?? ao?aeii? caaaaee a aeaeyae? a?eiai ooio. I?e oeueiio o iaaeao ao?aeiiai ae?aiaciio ANC -20...20 aeA ?ic?aoiaai? i?eno?i?, ?iioeuenia oa?aeoa?enoeea yeeo aaoiiaoe/ii iaaeeaea?oueny aei oa?aeoa?enoeee ocaiaeaeaiiai o?eueo?o (i?e ANC iaiueoa 0 aeA) aai aeaeiiaiethoi?a (a ?ioiio ?ac?). Neioaciaaii oaeiae ?aaeaeoi?iee o?eueo? ?iioeuen?a a?aeiii? oi?ie. I?iaaaeaii neioac iecee aoaeoeaieo EAI aeey ae??oaiiy i?aeoe/ieo caaea/ ia?iaee neaiae?a a i?inoi?ia?e iaeano?. ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaee canoiniaai? aeey neioaco aei?ii?ithth/eo oa i?eeiaeueieo EAI a iaeano? i?inoi?o - i?inoi?iaeo o?eueo??a (A?). A aocueeiiieiniiio ?aaeei? cae?eniaii iioei?caoe?th A? a oiiaao oe?ieeo naeoi??a ei?eniiai neaiaeo oa caaaaee, i?e oeueiio aeinyaiooi aea?ao 10...40 aeA. ?ic?aoiaai? A?, i?ecia/ai? aeey a?a?eaeii? i?inoi?iai-/anoioii? ia?iaee neaiae?a, ye? caaacia/othoue iae? e?i?ei? niioai?aiiy ei?enieo neaiae?a oa aea?ao eiei 20 aeA ca oiia oe?eie naeoi?a neaiaeo 40 SYMBOL 176 \f "Symbol" \s 14 ° oa eiai a?aeiinii? oe?eie iieine 10%. Iioei?ciaai? A? aeey ?iioeueniiai ?aaeeio ?iaioe. Iieacaia iaiao?aei?noue iioei?caoe?? A? aeey oiai ?aaeeio, a yeiio aiia oaeoe/ii ooieoe?iio?, a oaeiae iiaeeea?noue canoinoaaiiy ?ic?iaeaieo iaoiae?a neioaco a oiiaao iiai?ioo ?ao?oee oa ci?ie ?aaeeio ?iaioe, aeiia aei oe?eie aieiaiiai iaethnoea, ?ioaineaiino? caaaae. A ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue aoea ae??oaia cia/ia i?eeeaaeia i?iaeaia iiaoaeiae i?aeiioeiaeueieo iaoiae?a neioaco EAI, ye? aeicaieythoue aaoiiaoeciaaii neioacoaaoe i?eno?i? ia?iaee ?ioi?iaoe?eieo neaiae?a, ui ooieoe?iiothoue ia iniia? ??cieo o?ce/ieo i?eioeei?a oa caaacia/othoue aoaeoeaio ia?iaeo neaiae?a a iaeanoyo /anoioe, /ano oa i?inoi?o, ca oiia aecia/aiiai eiiieaeno iaiaaeaiue. NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe?? Noaoo? o iaoeiaeo aeaeaiiyo (oaoia? aeaeaiiy ca ia?ae?eii AAE Oe?a?ie) Eaeaoieeia A.I. ?ani?aaeaeaiea oa?aeoa?enoee aeonoe/aneeo ono?ienoa iiae aicaeaenoaeai iia?aoiinoae eo ecaioiaeaiey // Aeonoeea e oeueo?acaoeiaay oaoieea.-Eeaa,1990. -Aui.25.- N.70-71. Eaeaoieeia A.I., Iaca?aiei A.O. ?aaoee?iaaiea ia?aiao?ia nenoai, niaea?aeaueo oeeueo?u ia iiaa?oiinoiuo aeonoe/aneeo aieiao, n iiiiuueth ia?aoiie nayce // ?aaeeiyeaeo?iieea.Eca. aocia.-1991.-O.34.-? 11.-N.79-80. Eaeaoieeia A.I., Eaieo ss.E., Iaca?aiei A.O. Aiaeec /oanoaeoaeueiinoe ia?aiao?ia eiiieaeniie /anoioiie oa?aeoa?enoeee ono?ienoa ia IAA e aicaeaenoaeth oaoiieiae/aneeo oaeoi?ia // ?aaeeiyeaeo?iieea. Eca.aocia.-1994.- O.37.-? 1.-N.18-25. Eaeaoieeia A.I., Eaieo ss.E., Iieiaeoeia O.A., Iaca?aiei A.O. Eniieueciaaiea e?eoa?ey ioiioaiey neaiae/iiiaoa aeey ioeaiee A*O iieiniauo oeeueo?ia // ?aaeeioaoieea(Iineaa).-1994.-? 3.- c.24-26. Kalashnikov A.N., Nazarenko A.F. The design of the maximal SNR linear phase FIR digital filters // Signal Processing(EURASIP).-1994-Vol.40.-? 3.-P.307-310. Eaeaoieeia A.I., Iaca?aiei A.O. A?aaeeaioiay iioeiecaoeey ioiioaiey ?yeay e iaiauaiiiai ioiioaiey ?yeay i?e neioaca oeeo?iauo oeeueo?ia // ?aaeeiyeaeo?iieea. Eca.aocia.-1994. -O.37.-? 11. -N.43-48. Eaeaoieeia A.I., Eaieo ss.E., Eeoaeiia A.O., Iaca?aiei A.O. N?aaieoaeueiue aiaeec A*O LC-oeeueo?ia Aaooa?ai?oa e A*O oeeueo?ia ia IAA n o/aoii oaoiieiae/aneeo oaeoi?ia // ?aaeeiyeaeo?iieea.Eca. aocia.-1996.-O.39. -? 1.-N.55-62. Eaeaoieeia A.I. 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Iaoiaeu iioeiaeueiie oeeo?iaie oeeueo?aoeee i?e ?aoaiee caaea/ aea?iaeeaaiinoeee: e?eoa?ee neioaca e i?eiaiaiea aeey auaeaeaiey eioi?iaoeaiuo neaiaeia // Eca.aocia.?aaeeiyeaeo?iieea.-1998.O.41.-?3.-N.21-27. Eaeaoieeia A.I. Iioeiecaoeey eiiieaeniie ia?aaeaoi/iie oa?aeoa?enoeee ia?aeo?neaiuo oeeo?iauo oeeueo?ia ii e?eoa?eth ioiineoaeueiie n?aaeiaeaaae?aoe/iie ioeaee // Eca.aocia.?aaeeiyeaeo?iieea.-1998.O.41.-?10.-N.34-40. Eaeaoieeia A.I., Aeanaiei A.A., Iaca?aiei A.O. Neioac yooaeoeaiuo eeiaeiuo aaeaeeoeaiuo ono?ienoa i?ino?ainoaaiiie ia?aaioee neaiaeia ia iniiaa iioeiecaoeee iaiauaiiiai ioiioaiey ?yeay // I?aoe? OIAe??O.-1998.-?1.N.44-51. Aaoi?nuee? na?aeioeoaa oa iaoaioe Eaeaoieeia A.I., Iaca?aiei A.O. ?aeo?neaiue oeeueo? ia iiaa?oiinoiuo aeonoe/aneeo aieiao // A.n.? 1762384.- Ecia?aoaiey no?ai ie?a.-1992.-? 23. -Aui.108,IEE I03I, n.3. 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I?aaeaa?eoaeueiay oeeueo?aoeey naenie/aneeo neaiaeia n iiiiuueth ia?aeo?neaiuo oeeo?iauo oeeueo?ia, iioeiaeueiuo ii yia?aaoe/aneei e?eoa?eyi // I?iaeaiu aaiaeonoeee: iaoiaeu e n?aaenoaa.Nai?iee o?oaeia.-I.:Ecae.IAAO1996.-N.50-53. Kalashnikov A.N., Vlasenko V.A., Nazarenko A.F. The reduced sidelobe level sectioned antenna array family // Proc.2nd Int.Conf.on Antenna Theory and Techniques.-Kyiv,1997.-P.72-74. Kalashnikov A.N. The optimization of the spatially distributed radiation system using the energy criteria in the pulse mode // Proc.2nd Int.Conf.on Antenna Theory and Techniques.-Kyiv,1997.-P.12-13. Eaeaoi?eia I.I. Canoinoaaiiy iaoiae?a oeeo?iai? o?eueo?aoe?? aei ae??oaiiy caaea/ ae?yaiinoeee iaoei oa iaoai?ci?a ca ?o a?a?aoe?yie// Ia?iaeaiiy neaiae?a ? cia?aaeaiue oa ?ici?ciaaaiiy ia?ac?a.I?aoe?.-Ee?a,1996. -N.172-174. Kalashnikov A.N., Lepikh Ya.I., Nazarenko A.F. The comparison between the theiretical and experimental analysis results of the SAW device fabrication error influence // Proc.1996 Int.Symp.Acoustoel.,Freq.Control &Signal Generation.-Moscow:MPEI Publishers,1996.-P.327-331. Eaeaoi?eia I.I., Aeanaiei A.I., Iaca?aiei A.O. Ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c oa?aeoa?enoee ia?aeo?neaieo oeeo?iaeo o?eueo??a, iioeiaeueieo ca e?eoa??yie a?aeiinii? na?aaeiueieaaae?aoe/ii? iioeaee oa *aaeoaaa // O?oaeu 3-e Iaaeaeoia?iaeiie iao/ii-oaoie/aneie eiioa?aioeee ii yeaeo?inayce, oaeaaeceiiiiio e caoeiaiio aauaieth Oe?OaeaEiio-97.-Iaeanna,1997.-N.48-51. Eaeaoieeia A.I. Eniieueciaaiea eeiaeiuo aaeaeeoeaiuo oeeo?iauo ono?ienoa, iioeiaeueiuo ii yia?aaoe/aneei e?eoa?eyi, aeey ia?aaioee aeae?iaeonoe/aneeo neaiaeia // Nai?iee o?oaeia 6-e nannee ?inneeneiai aeonoe/aneiai iauanoaa.-I.:Ecae. IAAO,1997.-N.213-216. Eaeaoieeia A.I. I?iaeoe?iaaiea oeeueo?ia ia iiaa?oiinoiuo aeonoe/aneeo aieiao ii yia?aaoe/aneei e?eoa?eyi n o/aoii aicaeaenoaey oaoiieiae/aneeo oaeoi?ia // Nai?iee o?oaeia 6-e nannee ?inneeneiai aeonoe/aneiai iauanoaa.-I.:Ecae. IAAO,1997.-N.137-140. Oace aeiiia?aeae iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?e oa nai?ia??a 33. Eaeaoi?eia I.I. Aeaeiiaiethoe?y ciiaeoth/eo ?iioeuen?a aeonoe/iiai ia?oei?aiiai eiio?ieth ca aeiiiiiaith iioei?caoe?? ocaaaeueiaiiai a?aeiioaiiy ?aeay // O?ce/i? iaoiaee oa caniae eiio?ieth iaoa??ae?a oa ae?ia?a.-Ee?a-Euea?a, 1996.-N.17-18 AIIOAOe?ss Eaeaoi?eia I.I. Iaoiaee i?aeiioeiaeueiiai neioaco ooieoe?iiaeueieo i?eno?i?a ia?iaee neaiae?a c i?aeaeuaiiei caaaaeicaoenoii.-?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaith aeieoi?a oaoi?/ieo iaoe ca oaoii 05.13.05 - aeaiaioe oa i?eno?i? ia/enethaaeueii? oaoi?ee oa nenoai ea?oaaiiy.-Iaeanueeee aea?aeaaiee iie?oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao, Iaeana, 1999. Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii ae??oaiith i?iaeaie i?aeaeuaiiy yeino?, aoaeoeaiino? oa caaaaeino?eeino? aecia/aieo i?eno?i?a ia?iaee neaiae?a (cie?aia, ia?aeo?neaieo oa ?aeo?neaieo oeeo?iaeo o?eueo??a, o?eueo??a ia iiaa?oiaaeo aeonoe/ieo oaeeyo, aeaeiiaiethoi??a, aioaieo ?ao?oie). Cai?iiiiiaaii iiaee oi?o?eiaaiee iaoiaeieia?/iee i?aeo?ae aei iioeiaeueiiai neioaco oaeeo i?eno?i?a, yeee iieyaa? o oi?ioethaaii? e?eoa???a neioaco (a?aeiinii? na?aaeiueieaaae?aoe/ii? iioeaee oa a?aeiioaiiy neaiae/caaaaea) ca aeiiiiiaith ocaaaeueiaiiai a?aeiioaiiy ?aeay, oa iiaeaeueoi? iioei?caoe?? ca aeiiiiiaith ?ic?iaeaieo i?ioeaaeo?. Anoaiiaeaii, ui oaeee i?aeo?ae iiaea aooe canoiniaaiee i?e neioac? i?eno?i?a aeey ia?iaee neaiae?a a /anoioi?e, /ania?e oa i?inoi?ia?e iaeanoyo. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe aeei?enoiaoaaeenue i?e ae??oaii? caaea/ ia?iaee ?ioi?iaoe?eieo neaiae?a, aeey i?iaeooaaiiy i?eno?i?a ia iiaa?oiaaeo aeonoe/ieo oaeeyo, oa canoiniaai? i?e aeeiiaii? iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue oa oaoi?/ieo ?ic?iaie o ??ciiiai?oieo aaeocyo. Eeth/ia? neiaa: e?i?ei? aeaiaioe, aaeeoeai? caycee, i?eno?i? ia?iaee neaiae?a, a?aeiioaiiy neaiae/caaaaea, a?aeiinia na?aaeiueieaaae?aoe/ia iioeaea, ocaaaeueiaia a?aeiioaiiy ?aeay, oeeo?iaa ia?iaea neaiae?a, i?eno?i? ia iiaa?oiaaeo aeonoe/ieo oaeeyo, aioaii? ?ao?oee, oaoiieia?/i? a?aeoeeaiiy Eaeaoieeia A.I. Iaoiaeu iiaeiioeiaeueiiai neioaca ooieoeeiiaeueiuo ono?ienoa ia?aaioee neaiaeia n iiauoaiiie iiiaoicaueuaiiinoueth.-?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie aeieoi?a oaoie/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.13.05 - yeaiaiou e ono?ienoaa au/eneeoaeueiie oaoieee e nenoai oi?aaeaiey.-Iaeanneee ainoaea?noaaiiue iieeoaoie/aneee oieaa?neoao, Iaeanna, 1999. Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia ?aoaieth i?iaeaiu iiauoaiey ea/anoaa, yooaeoeaiinoe e iiiaoionoie/eainoe ii?aaeaeaiiuo ono?ienoa ia?aaioee neaiaeia (a /anoiinoe, ia?aeo?neaiuo e ?aeo?neaiuo oeeo?iauo oeeueo?ia, oeeueo?ia ia iiaa?oiinoiuo aeonoe/aneeo aieiao, aeaeiiaiethoi?ia, aioaiiuo ?aoaoie). I?aaeeiaeai iiaue oieoeoee?iaaiiue iaoiaeieiae/aneee iiaeoiae e iioeiaeueiiio neioaco oaeeo eeiaeiuo oeaiae e ono?ienoa, caeeth/athueeny a oi?ioee?iaea e?eoa?eaa neioaca (ioiineoaeueiie n?aaeiaeaaae?aoe/iie ioeaee (NEI) e ioiioaiey neaiae/iiiaoa (INI)) n iiiiuueth iaiauaiiiai ioiioaiey ?yeay, e aeaeueiaeoae iioeiecaoeee n iiiiuueth ?ac?aaioaiiuo i?ioeaaeo?. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi oaeie iiaeoiae iiaeao auoue eniieueciaai i?e neioaca ono?ienoa aeey ia?aaioee neaiaeia a /anoioiie, a?aiaiiie e i?ino?ainoaaiiie iaeanoyo. Iniiaiua ?acoeueoaou ?aaiou eniieueciaaeenue i?e ?aoaiee caaea/ ia?aaioee eioi?iaoeeiiiuo neaiaeia, i?e i?iaeoe?iaaiee ono?ienoa ia iiaa?oiinoiuo aeonoe/aneeo aieiao, e i?eiaiaiu i?e auiieiaiee iao/iuo enneaaeiaaiee e oaoie/aneeo ?ac?aaioie a ?acee/iuo io?aneyo. Ai aaaaeaiee ioia?aaeaiu iniiaiua iieiaeaiey ?anniao?eaaaiie i?iaeaiu e i?eaaaeaia iauay oa?aeoa?enoeea ?aaiou. A ia?aii ?acaeaea i?iaaaeai aiaeec nia?aiaiiiai ninoiyiey i?iaeaiu, ?anniio?aiu iaeanoe i?eiaiaiey e niiniau ?aaeecaoeee ?anniao?eaaaiuo ono?ienoa. I?iaaaeai aiaeec no?oeoo?iuo noai e ia?aie/aiee, iainiiaaia iaiaoiaeeiinoue i?iaaaeaiey aeaeueiaeoeo enneaaeiaaiee. Ai aoi?ii ?acaeaea ?anniio?aia iaoiaeieiaey iiaeiioeiaeueiiai neioaca ooieoeeiiaeueiuo ono?ienoa n iiauoaiiie iiiaoicaueuaiiinoueth. Iieacaii, /oi e?eoa?ee ioiineoaeueiie NEI iaiauaao e?eoa?ee INI. A naith i/a?aaeue, e?eoa?ee INI iaiauaao e?eoa?ee iaeneiaeueiie yia?aee. I?e eniieueciaaiee eaaeaeiai ec yoeo e?eoa?eaa iioeiecaoeeiiiay caaea/a iiaeao auoue naaaeaia e caaea/a iioeiecaoeee iaiauaiiiai ioiioaiey ?yeay (II?). I?iaiaeece?iaaiu iniaaiiinoe iioeiecaoeee ono?ienoa a neo/aa aicaeaenoaey neo/aeiuo i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo ioeeiiaiee ia eo ia?aiao?u. I?iaaaeai niiinoaaeoaeueiue ea/anoaaiiue aiaeec yia?aaoe/aneeo e?eoa?eaa e e?eoa?ey *aauoaaa, a oaeaea eiee/anoaaiiue aiaeec ono?ienoa, iioeiaeueiuo ii yoei e?eoa?eyi. A o?aoueai ?acaeaea ?anniio?aii aeai?eoie/aneia iaania/aiea i?ioeaaeo? neioaca. Iienaia a?aaeeaioiay i?ioeaaeo?a iioeiecaoeee II? e i?iaaaeaii aeieacaoaeuenoai aa noiaeeiinoe. I?iaiaeece?iaaiu ?acee/iua niiniau auai?a ia/aeueiiai i?eaeeaeaiey e au?aaioaiu ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii eo i?eiaiaieth. ?anniio?aiu iniaaiiinoe neioaca ono?ienoa a neo/aa, eiaaea ia cia/aiey aaniauo eiyooeoeeaioia iaeeaaeuaathony ia?aiao?e/aneea ia?aie/aiey. I?aaenoaaeaia aaciaay iaoiaeeea eniieueciaaiey ?ac?aaioaiiiai i?ia?aiiii-aeai?eoie/aneiai iaania/aiey e niiniau aa ?aaeecaoeee. A /aoaa?oii ?acaeaea ?anniio?ai neioac ono?ienoa a /anoioiie iaeanoe. ?anniio?aiu iaoiaeu e ?acoeueoaou neioaca IOeO aeey ono?ienoa eaaae?aoo?iie ia?aaioee, aaieia oeeueo?ia, ei??aeoi?ia /anoioiuo oa?aeoa?enoee, auiieiaiey iaeioi?uo iia?aoeee ia?aaioee neaiaeia (aeeooa?aioee?iaaiey, eioaa?e?iaaiey, eioa?iieyoeee, oi?ie?iaaiey oaciaiai naeaeaa), oeeueo?ia ia IAA, a oaeaea iaoiaeu neioaca ?aeo?neaiuo oeeueo?ia (a oii /enea eae oeeo?iauo, oae e oeeueo?ia ia IAA). A iyoii ?acaeaea ?anniio?aiu iniaaiiinoe e ?acoeueoaou neioaca IOeO aeey i?aaeaa?eoaeueiie ia?aaioee ?yaea eioi?iaoeeiiiuo neaiaeia (a /anoiinoe, aeae?iaeonoe/aneeo, naeniiaeonoe/aneeo, aea?iaeonoe/aneeo), a oaeaea i?aaeaa?eoaeueiie eaaae?aoo?iie ia?aaioee neaiaeia. A oanoii ?acaeaea ?anniao?eaaaony neioac ono?ienoa ai a?aiaiiie iaeanoe. I?eaaaeaiu iaoiaeu e i?eia?u neioaca ono?ienoa aeey i?aia?aciaaiey eiioeueniuo neaiaeia e o?aaoaiiio aeaeo, aeaeiiaiethoi?ia e ia?aoiuo oeeueo?ia, ono?ienoa aeey ?aaeaeoeee eiioeueniuo neaiaeia ecaanoiie oi?iu, a oaeaea ono?ienoa, iaania/eaathueo o?aaoaioth ?ac?aoathuoth niiniaiinoue ono?ienoa. I?iaiaeece?iaaiu aiciiaeiinoe eniieueciaaiey ?ac?aaioaiiiai iiaeoiaea aeey iino?iaiey eeanneoeeaoi?ia e i?iaaaeaiey aaoi?aa?anneiiiiai aiaeeca. A naaeueiii ?acaeaea ?anniao?eaaaony neioac ono?ienoa a i?ino?ainoaaiiie iaeanoe. I?eaaaeaiu iaoiaeu e ?acoeueoaou neioaca EAO a oceiiieiniii, oe?ieiiieiniii e eiioeueniii ?aaeeiao, a oaeaea a neo/aa iaee/ey ia?aie/aiee ia cia/aiey aaniauo eiyooeoeeaioia. I?iaiaeece?iaaiu ?acee/ey a ?acoeueoaoao iioeiecaoeee, iieo/aaiuo aeey ?acee/iuo ?aaeeiia ?aaiou A? a noiaeiie neaiaeueii-iiiaoiaie ianoaiiaea. Eeth/aaua neiaa: eeiaeiua yeaiaiou, aaeaeeoeaiua nayce, ono?ienoaa ia?aaioee neaiaeia, ioiioaiea neaiae/iiiaoa, ioiineoaeueiay n?aaeiaeaaae?aoe/iay ioeaea, iaiauaiiia ioiioaiea ?yeay, oeeo?iaay ia?aaioea neaiaeia, ono?ienoaa ia iiaa?oiinoiuo aeonoe/aneeo aieiao, aioaiiua ?aoaoee, oaoiieiae/aneea ioeeiiaiey Kalshnikov A.N. Methods for the suboptiomal design of the functional signal processing devices provided higher noise suppression.-Manuscript. Thesis for a doctor's degree by speciality 05.13.05 - elements and devices for computer hardware and control systems.-Odessa State Polytechnic University, Odessa, 1999. The dissertation is devoted to solving the problem of increasing quality, efficiency and noise protection of the definite signal processing devices (particularly, transversal and recursive digital filters, surface acoustic wave filters, deconvolutors, antenna arrays). A new unified methodological approach for the linear circuits and devices design is elaborated. The approach is based upon the formulation of the design criteria (relative mean square error and signal-to-noise ratio) in terms of the generalized Rayleigh quotient and further optimization with created procedures. There is established that the proposing approach can be used during the design of various purposes' and different operation principles' devices for the signal processing in frequency, time and space domains. The basic results of the work were used during solving signal processing tasks of acoustical signals of various origin, during the design of the surface acoustic wave devices and were implemented into research and development for various purposes. Key words: linear elements, additive connections, signal processing devices, signal-to-noise ratio, relative mean square error, generalized Rayleigh quotient, digital signal processing, surface acoustic wave devices, antenna arrays, technological errors I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 21.07.99. Oi?iao 60*84/16. Oi.ae?oe.a?e. 2.0. Ia?? ionaoiee. Oe?aae 100 i?ei. Ae?oea?iy “NEO”

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