AeIIAOeUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE OAOI?*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

Iia??aiye Iaoaey Ieeiea?aia

OAeE 658.26:621.311.001.24

IAOIAeE EAAAe?AOE*IIAI ?IA?Oe?EIIAI CAEAAeAEOAAIIss

A ?IC?AOOIEAO IAAAIOAAEAIUe

I?IIENEIAEO AEAEO?E*IEO IA?AAE

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 05.14.02 SYMBOL 150 \f «Times New Roman Cyr» \s 14 –
«Aeaeo?e/i? noaioe??, ia?aae? ? nenoaie»

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Aeiiaoeuee-1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Aeiiaoeueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao?.
I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee ( aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,

i?ioani? eaoaae?e aeaeo?iiinoa/aiiy i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa ? i?no
Aeiiaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo

Eo??iiee Aaeoa?ae A?eai?iae/

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

i?ioani? eaoaae?e aeaeo?iiinoa/aiiy Iaoe?iiaeueiiai oaoi?/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo Oe?a?ie «EI?»

Ci??i Aeaaeeai Aieiaeeie?iae/

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio, i?ioani? eaoaae?e
aeaeo?iiinoa/aiiy i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa I?eacianueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo

Na?iei TH??e Eaii?aeiae/

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa ( ?inoeooo aeaeo?iaeeiai?ee IAI Oe?a?ie, a?aeae?e
iioei?caoe?? nenoai aeaeo?iiinoa/aiiy, i. Ee?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny « 21 » 10 1999 ?. i 16
aiaeei? ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E11.052.02 a
Aeiiaoeueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith: 340000,
i. Aeiiaoeuee, aoe. A?oaia, 58, I iaa/aeueiee ei?ion, e. 201.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? AeiiAeOO (340000, i.
Aeiiaoeuee, aoe. A?oaia, 58, II iaa/aeueiee ei?ion).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee « 17 » 09 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ea??i A.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. A iniia? oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ieo ??oaiue a
aeaeo?iiinoa/aii? i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa eaaeaoue ?ic?aooiee
aeaeo?e/ieo iaaaioaaeaiue, ui aeicaieythoue ni?iaeooaaoe ia?aaeo
aeaeo?iiinoa/aiiy e ioe?ieoe aeaeo?iiaai?oio noi?ni?noue (AIN)
aeaeo?ii?eeia/?a (AI). I?iieneia? i?aei?e?inoaa niiaeeaathoue a?ey aeaio
o?aoei ae?iaethaaii? aeaeo?iaia?a??, oiio aeiiae aei oi/iino?
?ic?aooie?a iaaaioaaeaiue aeinoaoiuei aaeee?. *eneaii? aeine?aeaeaiiy
iieacaee, ui ?ic?aooieia? iaaaioaaeaiiy caaeuothoueny. Oea i?ecaaei aei
?noioiiai caaeuaiiy eai?oaeiaeeaaeaiue o ia?aae? aeaeo?iiinoa/aiiy.
Caeoie aea a?ae ii?ooaiiy AIN neeaaea? ii?yaeeo nioaiue i?eueeii?a
a?eaaiue ca ??e. Oeei iaoiiaeaia i?aeoe/ia aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiue
a aaeoc? aeaeo?e/ieo iaaaioaaeaiue ?, o ia?oo /a?ao, iaiao?aei?noue
oaeineiiaeaiiy ae?th/eo Aeac?aie ii ?o ?ic?aooieo.

Aii??e/i? iaoiaee ?ic?aooieo ii/aee ?ic?iaeyoeny ua a o?eaeoeyo? ?iee
(Eiie- oia I.A., Oeoiiia A.I. oa ?i.). Ca ?oaaaeai ?ioa?an aei iaoiae?a
?ic?aooieo aeaeo?e/ieo iaaaioaaeaiue c’yaeany i?ney ii/aoeo Ae?oai?
na?oiai? a?eie (Adams C.A., Fetcher J.R., Johnson A.C., Adler H.A.,
Miller K.W., Boice W.K.). ?noioiee i?ia?an o ?icaeoeo oai??? aeaeo?e/ieo
iaaaioaaeaiue aoa aeinyaiooee o o?noaeanyo? ?iee ia iniia? canoinoaaiiy
iaoiae?a oai??? eiia??iinoae aeey aiae?co aeiaaeeiaeo aaee/ei (Eayeia
A.I., Aiaaeaiei A.A., Aieia?einueeee N.Ae., Ioein??a TH.E. oa ?i.).
Inoaoi/ii iaoiaeieia?/iee i?aeo?ae noi?ioaaany a ?aieao eiioeaioe??
aeiaaeeiaeo i?ioean?a (Eayeia A.I., Oeaeeianueeee A.E., AEaaeaeaiei
?.A., Ci??i A.A., Aaa?i A.ss., Ai?ae??a A.?., Eo??iiee A.A.,
Noaiaiia A.I., Na?iei TH.E., Iaaeoiea ?.?., Iooa A.I., AEioia A.Ae.,
Aiaeaaeueo E.A. oa ?i.). Neeaaei?noue ? iae?i?ei?noue caaea/
aeaeo?iiinoa/aiiy iio?aaoaaee canoinoaaiiy iaoiae?a ?i?oaoe??
aeiaaeeiaeo i?ioean?a (Aaa?i A.ss, Aeieo???aa I.I., Aeaienaiei I.A.,
Hoffmann J.).

Aieeae iaaaioaaeaiue aai iai?oae ia ia?aaeo ? AI caeaaeaoue a?ae ao?ao
iiooaeiino? e ?ia?oe?eiino? ia’?eo?a, oiio o a?aeiia?aei? iaoaiaoe/i?
iiaeae? aoiaeeoue eaaae?aoi?, ui ?iaeoue caaea/o iae?i?eiith. Oey
ianoaaeia no?eio? iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie oai??? ? iaoiae?a ?ic?aooieo
aeaeo?e/ieo iaaaioaaeaiue ? AIN, ai a e?ioeaaiio aeaeyae? aiae?oe/ia
??oaiiy a?aeiia?aeii? caaea/? i?i eaaae?aoe/ia ?ia?oe?eia caeaaeaeoaaiiy
aeiaaeeiaeo aeaeo?iaia?aaoe/ieo i?ioean?a ia ?nio? (ca aeiyoeii iaeiiai
ie?aiiai aeiaaeeo). A?aeii? eeoa iaaeeaeai? ??oaiiy o aeaeyae? ?yaeo
Aaeaeai?oa, i?ioa iaiao?aeia aeey ?oiueiai canoinoaaiiy aeo?aeia
?ioi?iaoe?y ia iiaea aooe io?eiaia ia i?aeoeoe?, a iaiaaeaiiy /eai?a
?yaeo i?ecaiaeeoue aei noia?a/ieo o?ceoe? ?acoeueoao?a. O ca’yceo c oeei
iniiaia iaoeiaa i?ioe??//y iieyaa? a oiio, ui i?aeoeea iio?aao? ??oaiiy
caaea/? i?i eaaae?aoe/ia ?ia?oe?eia caeaaeaeoaaiiy, a a?aeiia?aeia
aiae?oe/ia ??oaiiy ia ?nio?. Ae??oaiiy oeueiai i?ioe??//y aecia/a?
iaoeiao aeooaeuei?noue ?iaioe.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?eia
?iaioa aeeiioaaeany a Aeiiaoeueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao?
a ?aieao aea?aeaaieo oai: A-41-90 “?ic?iaea iaoiae?a aiae?co ?
i?iaiicoaaiiy ?aaeei?a ?iaioe aeaeo?ionoaoeoaaiiy ? nenoai
aeaeo?iiinoa/aiiy”, I-12-95 “I?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? aeaeo?ioaoi?/ieo
eiiieaen?a ? aeaeo?icaa?aaeaiiy”.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoa ?iaioe — caaacia/eoe aoaeoeai?noue
eai?oaeiaeeaaeaiue ? ooieoe?iiaeueio iaae?ei?noue i?iieneiaeo
aeaeo?e/ieo ia?aae ?c ianiaeie AI oeyoii i?aeaeuaiiy oi/iino?
?ic?aooie?a aeaeo?e/ieo iaaaioaaeaiue.

Aeey oeueiai iaiao?aeii ae??oeoe oae? caaea/?:

— ?ic?iaeoe iaoiaeeeo aecia/aiiy caeiio ?iciiae?eo eiia??iinoae
aeiaaeeiaeo aeaeo?iaia?aaoe/ieo i?ioean?a i?ney eaaae?aoe/iiai
?ia?oe?eiiai caeaaeaeoaaiiy oeyoii noaoenoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy
(?i?oaoe??);

— ?ic?iaeoe iaoiae noaoenoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy aeaeo?e/ieo iaaaioaaeaiue
?c aa?aioiaaiei a?aeoai?aiiyi caeiio ?iciiae?eo eiia??iinoae ?
ei?aeyoe?eii? ooieoe?? (EO);

— ciaeoe noaoenoe/ia ??oaiiy caaea/? i?i eaaae?aoe/ia ?ia?oe?eia
caeaaeaeoaaiiy;

— ioe?ieoe iiaeeea?noue iaaeeaeaiiai i?aaenoaaeaiiy ?iciiae?e?a i?aeeiao
aeiaaeeiaeo aeaeo?iaia?aaoe/ieo i?ioean?a i?ney eaaae?aoe/iiai
?ia?oe?eiiai caeaaeaeoaaiiy o aeaeyae? ?yaeo Aaeaeai?oa;

— ?ic?iaeoe niin?a aecia/aiiy aea?aaeaioiiai ia?aiao?a EO a?oiiaiai
a?ao?ea aeaeo?e/iiai iaaaioaaeaiiy;

— ia iniia? iaea?aeaieo ?i?oaoe?eiei iaoiaeii noaoenoe/ieo
caeiiii??iinoae ?ic?iaeoe ?iaeaia?i? iaoiaee aecia/aiiy ?ic?aooieiaeo
aeaeo?e/ieo iaaaioaaeaiue.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a:

1. Aia?oa cai?iiiiiaaii “anoaoaoiee” iaoiae ?i?oaoe?? ?aae?caoe?e
aeiaaeeiaeo aeaeo?iaia?aaoe/ieo i?ioean?a o i?iieneiaeo aeaeo?e/ieo
ia?aaeao, ui caaacia/o? oi/ia a?aeoai?aiiy aoaeue-yeeo caeii?a
?iciiae?eo eiia??iinoae ? EO. Iaoiae a?ae??ciy?oueny aeai?eoiii,
caniiaaiei ia ia?anoaiiaoe? i?aeeiao ?aae?caoe?? aeiaaeeiaiai i?ioeano.

2. Oaeineiiaeaii iaoiae aeaiaioieo i?ioean?a, canoiniaaiee aeey
?i?oaoe?? aeaeo?e/ieo iaaaioaaeaiue a?oie AI, ui a?ae??ciy?oueny
o?aooaaiiyi oaeoe/ieo cia/aiue iieaciee?a iaaaioaaeaiiy ie?aieo AI ?
aa?aioo? oi/ia a?aeoai?aiiy caeiio ?iciiae?eo eiia??iinoae a?oiiaiai
a?ao?ea iaaaioaaeaiiy i?iieneiaeo aeaeo?e/ieo ia?aae.

3. Aia?oa io?eiaii noaoenoe/ia ??oaiiy caaea/? i?i iaa??aaiiy
i?ia?aeiee?a aeiaaeeiaei aeaeo?e/iei iaaaioaaeaiiyi oeyoii ?i?oaoe??
ainaiaeth ?aae?caoe?e “a??th/eo aeic”, iaiao?aeia aeey aecia/aiiy
?ic?aooieiaiai aeaeo?e/iiai iaaaioaaeaiiy ii iaa??aaiith i?iieneiaeo
aeaeo?e/ieo ia?aae.

4. Cai?iiiiiaaii aeaa niiniae aecia/aiiy aea?aaeaioiiai ia?aiao?a EO
a?oiiaiai iaaaioaaeaiiy ianiaeo AI: ia iniia? iaoiaeo iaeiaioeo
eaaae?ao?a ? ca oiiae aea?aaeaioiino? aeenia?n?? iaaaioaaeaiiy i?ney
?ia?oe?eiiai caeaaeaeoaaiiy.

5. Iaaoee iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie ?iaeaia?i? iaoiaee ?ic?aooieo aeaeo?e/ieo
iaaaioaaeaiue i?iieneiaeo aeaeo?e/ieo ia?aae, ui a?ae??ciythoueny
aeei?enoaiiyi ei?aeoiiai iiiyooy “?ic?aooieiaa iaaaioaaeaiiy” ?
io?eiaieo iaoiaeaie ?i?oaoe?? noaoenoe/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee. Iaoiaee
aeicaieythoue i?aeaeueoe oi/i?noue aecia/aiiy ?ic?aooieiaeo aeaeo?e/ieo
iaaaioaaeaiue.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Cai?iiiiiaai? a ?iaio?
?i?oaoe?eiee ? ?iaeaia?i? iaoiaee noaee iniiaith i?iaeoo “Aeac?aie ?c
?ic?aooieo aeaeo?e/ieo iaaaioaaeaiue i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa”,
i?eeiyoiai AAO “Ee?ai?iiaeaeo?ii?iaeo” aeey ai?iaaoe??.

“Anoaoaoiee” ? ?i?oaoe?eiee iaoiaee e??i caaea/? i?i ?ic?aooieiaa
iaaaioaaeaiiy iiaeooue aooe canoiniaai? aeey ??oaiiy ?ioeo iae?i?eieo
caaea/ aeaeo?iiinoa/aiiy i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa, cie?aia, i?e
ioe?ithaaii? aeice oe?ea?a iai?oae (ca?aeii c? noaiaea?oii I?aeia?iaeii?
Aeaeo?ioaoi?/ii? Eii?n??).

?ic?iaeai? iaoiaee ?ic?aooieo aeaeo?e/ieo iaaaioaaeaiue
aeei?enoiaothoueny o iaoeiai-aeine?aei?e ?iaio? nooaeaio?a.

Iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiue. Aeei?enoaii oae? iaoiaee: aeey iiaeaethaaiiy
aeaeo?e/iiai iaaaioaaeaiiy ? iaa??ao i?ia?aeieea — oai??? eiia??iinoae
oa oai??? aaoiiaoe/iiai oi?aae?iiy; aeey aecia/aiiy noaoenoe/ieo
caeiiii??iinoae — noaoenoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy.

A??ia?aei?noue oa iaa?oioiaai?noue ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe. A??ia?aei?noue
caaacia/o?oueny aaeaeaaoiei aeei?enoaiiyi oai?aoe/ieo iaoiae?a,
iiaeaethaaiiyi aaeeei? e?eueeino? ?aae?caoe?e (aeanyoee oeny/),
ia?aa??eith oi/iino? a?aeoai?aiiy ?aae?caoe?e aeaeo?e/ieo iaaaioaaeaiue
(iia??oi?noue ia a?eueo 3,5%), ia?aa??eith ?acoeueoao?a ?i?oaoe?? aeey
aeiaaee?a, ui iathoue aiae?oe/ia ??oaiiy (?ica?aei?noue ia a?eueo 2%).

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe
aeiiia?aeaeeny ia I?aeia?iaeieo eiioa?aioe?yo ii noaoenoe/i?e aeeiai?oe?
?ioi?iaoe?eieo nenoai ? iioie?a (A?ei?on?y, Aia?oenuee, 1998, 1999
?.?.), XIX nan?? nai?ia?o AI ?in?? “E?aa?iaoeea aeaeo?e/ieo nenoai”
(?in?y, Iiai/a?eanuee, 1997), nai?ia?ao Iaoeiai? ?aaee IAI Oe?a?ie ii
eiiieaeni?e i?iaeai? “Iaoeia? iniiae aeaeo?iaia?aaoeee” (1997, 1998
?.?.).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 12 ae?oeiaaieo i?aoeue,
o oiio /ene?: /ioe?e noaoo? o iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao, aea? — o ca??ieeao
iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, iaeia — a ?ioi?iaoe?eiiio ca??ieeo, iaeei i?ai?eio IAI
Oe?a?ie, iaeia noaooy aeaiiiiaaia a AIOA Oe?a?ie, oace o?ueio
aeiiia?aeae.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c? anooio,
/ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, ui aeeeaaeai? ia 142 noi?. iaoeiiieniiai
oaenoo. O oiio /ene? 32 ?enoiee ia 29 noi??ieao ? 3 oaaeeoe? ia 2
noi??ieao. ?iaioa i?noeoue nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae ?c 120
iaeiaioaaiue ? 3 aeiaeaoee ia 54 noi??ieao. Aeiaeaoee i?noyoue 9
oaaeeoeue ia 28 noi??ieao.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iieacaia i?aeoe/ia ? iaoeiaa aeooaeuei?noue ??oaiiy caaea/? i?i
eaaae?aoe/ia ?ia?oe?eia caeaaeaeoaaiiy aeey i?aeaeuaiiy a??ia?aeiino?
iaoiae?a aecia/aiiy ?ic?aooieiaeo iaaaioaaeaiue i?iieneiaeo aeaeo?e/ieo
ia?aae.

AI yaey? niaith aeiaaeeiaee i?ioean ?c aeniiiaioe?aeueiith EO

, (1)

) ( aeenia?n?y a?oiiaiai a?ao?ea aeaeo?e/iiai iaaaioaaeaiiy, A2 (aai
eAo2);

( ia?aiao? EO, n-1.

iieno? aeeoa?aioe?aeueia ??aiyiiy

, (2)

( “ a??th/a aeica”– aaee/eia, i?iii?oe?eia oaiia?aoo?? ia?aa??ao
i?ia?aeieea, A2 (aai eAo2).

).

Ca ?nioth/eie ioae?eaoe?yie iiaeaeue ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai iaaaioaaeaiiy
i?eeiyoa o aeaeyae? ?iioeueniiai i?ioeano c
aeniiiaioe?aeueii-eineioni?aeaeueiith EO

, (3)

)( aeenia?n?y ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai a?ao?ea aeaeo?e/iiai iaaaioaaeaiiy, A2
(aai eAo2);

( ia?aiao? EO, iaa?iaiee /ano ei?aeyoe??, n-1;

( /anoioa ia??iaee/ii? neeaaeiai?, n-1 , yea a ie?aieo aeiaaeeao iiaea
aei??aithaaoe ioeth.

oa). Oaeee i?aeo?ae canoiniaaiee o noaoenoe/iiio iaoiae? (A.N.
Iaoaeue), iiaeeo?eiaaiiio noaoenoe/iiio iaoiae? (INI, A.Ae. AEioia), ui
iieeaaeaiee a iniiao ae?th/eo aeac?aie ?c ?ic?aooieo aeaeo?e/ieo
iaaaioaaeaiue, oa ?i. A?aecia/a?oueny, ui iia?aoe?y ona?aaeiaiiy ?noioii
a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae ia?aoai?aiiy (2), oiio iiiyooy ?ic?aooieiaiai
iaaaioaaeaiiy ye iaeneioio eoioeyoeaiiai a?ao?ea a caaaeueiiio aeiaaeeo
ia ? ei?aeoiei ? i?ecaiaeeoue aei noia?a/ieo o?ceoe? ?acoeueoao?a.
Ae?oaei i?eioeeiiaei iaaeie?eii INI ? i?eiouaiiy i?i iayai?noue
ei?aeyoe?eiiai ca’yceo i?ae na?aaei?i cia/aiiyi ? eoioeyoeaiei
noaiaea?oii iaaaioaaeaiiy, ui noia?a/eoue aeo?aei?e ia?aaeoiia?
noaoenoe/iiai iaoiaeo i?i ii?iaeueiee ?iciiae?e eoioeyoeaiiai a?ao?ea,
oiio ui oeae caeii ia? aeaa iacaeaaeieo ia?aiao?e.

. O e?oa?aoo?? (A.A. Eo??iiee, ?.A. AEaaeaeaiei, TH.E. Na?iei, A.I.
Noaiaiia) iaaiaeeoueny caaaeueia oi?ioea aeey ?ic?aooieiaiai cia/aiiy
a??th/i? aeice

, (4)

( aoaeoeaia iaaaioaaeaiiy, A;

( noaoenoe/iee eiao?oe??io;

( noaiaea?o a??th/i? aeice, A2.

i?e aoaeue-yeiio ?iciiae?e? a?oiiaiai iaaaioaaeaiiy.

, ui ni?iuo? aeai?eoi ?ic?aooieo. A??ia?aei?noue noaoenoe/iiai ??oaiiy
caaacia/o?oueny ?i?oaoe??th aaeeei? e?eueeino? ?aae?caoe?e ( ca
aiaeia??th c aeiiaaie aei aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue.

Cai?iiiiiaaii aeai?eoi ?i?oaoe?eiiai iaoiaeo aecia/aiiy ?ic?aooieiaiai
iaaaioaaeaiiy, ui aeeth/a? oae? aoaie:

(ia ?en. 1, a iieacaii 5 ?c 10000 ?aae?caoe?e);

(a) ? a??th/i? aeice (a). Ia?a a?aeiia?aeieo iaeia iaei?e ?aae?caoe?e
iieacaia noiauaieie e?i?yie.

(?en. 1, a) a?aeiia?aeii aei ?ioaa?aea Aethaiaey

, (5)

( ia?ao?aeia ooieoe?y ?ia?oe?eii? eaiee, ui iiaeaeth? e?ao /anoeio
??aiyiiy (2);

— aeiiii?aeia ci?iia;

(e?oaeee ia ?en. 1);

eiia??i?noth ?? ia?aaeuaiiy (a?aeiia?aeii aei i?eioeeio i?aeoe/ii?
aiaaiaiino?);

ii aeoeai?e iiooaeiino?.

). Oaeee i?aeo?ae caaacia/o? noaoenoe/ii oi/ia a?aeoai?aiiy caeiio
?iciiae?eo a?oiiaiai a?ao?ea aeaeo?e/iiai iaaaioaaeaiiy.

Aeey o?aooaaiiy iaiaaeaiino? ii i?aeeiao? ooieoe?? ?iciiae?eo a?oiiaiai
iaaaioaaeaiiy i?iaiae?ciaaia iiaeeea?noue aeei?enoaiiy c??caiiai
ii?iaeueiiai caeiio ?iciiae?eo e io?eiaia oi?ioea aeey eiai aeenia?n??.

?ic?iaeaii “anoaoaoiee” iaoiae ?i?oaoe?? ?aae?caoe?e aeiaaeeiaeo
i?ioean?a ?c caaeaieie caeiiii ?iciiae?eo eiia??iinoae i?aeeiao ? EO.
E??i oiai, iaoiae aeicaiey? aeeiiaoe ei?aeoe?th io?eiaieo ?ioeie
iaoiaeaie ?aae?caoe?e — ii yeino? a?aeoai?aiiy EO.

?aeay iaoiaeo iieyaa? a oiio, ui aoaeue-yea ia?anoaiiaea i?aeeiao
?aae?caoe?? aeiaaeeiaiai i?ioeano ci?ith? eiai EO ? i?ye ia aieeaa? ia
caeii ?iciiae?eo i?aeeiao oe??? ?aae?caoe??. Ia?anoaiiaea aeeiio?oueny,
yeui i?ney ia? oi/a a ii iaei?e eiio?ieueiaai?e i?aeeiao? EO ??cieoey
i?ae caaeaiith ? oaeoe/iith EO ciaioo?oueny, a ii ?ioei — uiiaeiaioa, ia
ca?eueoo?oueny. C cai?iiiiiaaieo aeaio iiaeeo?eaoe?e iaoiaeo: ?c
aeaoa?i?iiaaiei ? aeiaaeeiaei aeai?ii ia? i?aeeiao, ui
ia?anoaaeythoueny, e?auith aeyaeeany ae?oaa. Iaoiae aeicaiey? ii iaei?e
aeo?aei?e ?aae?caoe?? iaea?aeaoe ?aae?caoe?? c ??cieie EO.

iioeaea a?aeoai?aiiy EO ia ia?aaeueea 3%.

a??th/i? aeice, ?ic?aooieia? iaaaioaaeaiiy. A on?o aeiaaeeao caaeaia
oi/i?noue caaacia/oaaeany c caianii.

?en. 2. EO ?aae?caoe?e, io?eiaieo anoaoaoiei iaoiaeii.

Aeeiiaii ia?aa??eo iiaeeeaino? canoinoaaiiy ?i?oaoe?eiiai iaoiaeo aeey
o?ueio oei?a caaea/, ui a?ae??ciythoueny aeaeii ia?aoai?aiiy ao?aeiiai
i?ioeano: ?ia?oe?eia caeaaeaeoaaiiy, ooieoe?iiaeueia ia?aoai?aiiy (ia
i?eeeaae? ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? caeai?iiai ?aaeoi?a), aeeoa?aioe?thaaiiy
(ia i?eeeaae? ioe?iee AIN eiiaeainaoi?ii? onoaiiaee). Aeine?aeaeaiiy
iieacaee, ui ?i?oaoe?eiee iaoiae iiaea aooe canoiniaaiee aeey ??oaiiy
aoaeue-yeeo caaea/, i?e/iio a eiaeiiio eiie?aoiiio aeiaaeeo
iaia’yceiaith oiiaith ei?aeoiiai canoinoaaiiy ?i?oaoe?eiiai iaoiaeo ?
eiai oanooaaiiy ia aiaeia?/ieo caaea/ao, ui iathoue aiae?oe/ia ??oaiiy,
c ioe?ithaaiiyi iioeaie iaiao?aeieo oa?aeoa?enoee.

. I?e iaeiaeiaiio

.

.

cia/aii? eiao?oe??ioa oi?ie aiae?coaaeeny aeaa caeiie ?iciiae?eo
iaaaioaaeaiue: ii?iaeueiee (noiauai? e?i??) ? «eiia?iaoi?iee» (oiie?
e?i??).

Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeicaieeee c?iaeoe oae? aeniiaee:

, a a ae?aiacii? iiaeeeaeo ia i?aeoeoe? cia/aiue iino?eii? /ano
iaa??aaiiy — ia ia?aaeuo? 3,5%;

a?ae??ciythoueny iacia/ii. O oeeo aeiaaeeao aeenia?n?th a??th/i?
aeice a?oiiaiai iaaaioaaeaiiy ?c eiia?iaoi?iei ?iciiae?eii eiia??iinoae
i?aeeiao cai?iiiiiaaii i?eaeecii aecia/aoe ii a?aeii?e oi?ioe? aeey
ii?iaeueii ?iciiae?eaiiai iaaaioaaeaiiy

; (6)

?ace;

( cia/aiiy noaoenoe/iiai eiao?oe??ioa a??th/i? aeice o ae?aiacii?
iiaeeeaeo ia i?aeoeoe? cia/aiue iino?eii? /ano iaa??aaiiy i?ia?aeieea
iaeaea ia caeaaeeoue a?ae caeiio ?iciiae?eo ? eiao?oe??ioa oi?ie
a?oiiaiai a?ao?ea iaaaioaaeaiiy ? ciaoiaeeoueny a ae?aiacii? a?ae 1,76
aei 1,97;

10%, i?eiouaiiy i?i ii?iaeueiee ?iciiae?e aeic iiaea aooe i?eeiyoa,
oi/a ?ic?aooieiaa iaaaioaaeaiiy caieaeo?oueny.

Canoinoaaiiy ?yaeo Aaeaeai?oa aeey ??oaiiy caaea/? i?i ?ic?aooieiaa
aeaeo?e/ia iaaaioaaeaiiy ia ?aeiiaiaeiaaia, ine?eueee ia i?aeoeoe?
a?aenooi? iaiao?aei? aeo?aei? aeai?, a oaeiae iiaeeeaa iaeiio?ieueiaaia
iioeaea aecia/aiiy ?ic?aooieiaiai iaaaioaaeaiiy.

.

oeeeeo ?iaioe (a ia caeiie ?iciiae?eo o?eaaeinoae aieeaiue ? iaoc).

(?ia?oe?eiee iaoiae) iii?aaee

, (7)

( ?ic?aooieiaa iaeneiaeueia cia/aiiy a?oiiaiai a?ao?ea aeaeo?e/iiai
iaaaioaaeaiiy.

, ui aeathoue oae? ae?ace:

( ii ?ia?oe?eiiio noaiaea?oo

; (8)

( ii iaoiaeo iaeiaioeo eaaae?ao?a — oeyoii ??oaiiy o?ainoeaiaeaioiiai
??aiyiiy

; (9)

( ca /anii ei?aeyoe??

, (10)

( ia?aiao?e EO ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo iaaaioaaeaiue.

? a?aeiiiai iaoiaeo aea?aaeaioieo ieiuei (?.A. AEaaeaeaiei, A.I.
Noaiaiia) ca iioeaeith aecia/aiiy aeenia?n?? a??th/i? aeice ii?iaeueii
?iciiae?eaiiai a?oiiaiai iaaaioaaeaiiy aeicaieeei ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe aeaa c
ieo: ca oiiae ?ic?aooie?a ia AII — ??aiyiiy (9), a?o/io — ae?ac (8).

a (4) canoinoaaoe aaee/eio

, (11)

, oae ? a?aei?ii?noue oaeoe/iiai cia/aiiy aeenia?n?? a??th/i? aeice
a?ae (6).

, ui aecia/a?oueny ca caeiiii ?iciiae?eo eaaae?ao?a iaaaioaaeaiue.
Iaoiaeii ?i?oaoe?? iaa?oioiaaia oi?ioea

(12)

.

iaoiae?a, ui c?noaaeythoueny. Iaoiaee OAAe ? AAe caaacia/othoue
iaea?eueoo oi/i?noue. O ieo aeeeth/aia nenoaiaoe/ia iia??oi?noue, yea ?,
iai?eeeaae, i?e canoinoaaii? iaoiaeo OAe ( o a?e caaeuaiiy, ? ?I ( o
a?e caieaeaiiy ?ic?aooieiaeo iaaaioaaeaiue. Aeey ?iaeaia?ieo
?ic?aooie?a ?aeiiaiaeiaai? iaoiaee AAe ? OAAe.

?en. 5. Ae?aiaciie iia??oiinoae ?iaeaia?ieo iaoiae?a ?ic?aooieo
aeaeo?e/ieo iaaaioaaeaiue.

AENIIAEE

O aeena?oaoe?? ae??oaia iaoeiaa caaea/a aecia/aiiy noaoenoe/ieo caeii?a
?iciiae?eo aeiaaeeiaeo aeaeo?iaia?aaoe/ieo i?ioean?a i?ney
eaaae?aoe/iiai ?ia?oe?eiiai caeaaeaeoaaiiy iaoiaeii noaoenoe/iiai
iiaeaethaaiiy, ui ia? iaoeiaa cia/aiiy aeey oai??? aeaeo?e/ieo
iaaaioaaeaiue ? AIN, a oaeiae i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeey i?iaeooaaiiy
i?iieneiaeo aeaeo?e/ieo ia?aae i?e aecia/aii? ?ic?aooieiaeo aeaeo?e/ieo
iaaaioaaeaiue ? aeeiai?/ieo iieaciee?a AIN.

Aeeiiai? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieeee c?iaeoe oae? aeniiaee:

1. A?aenooi?noue caaaeueiiai ??oaiiy caaea/? i?i eaaae?aoe/ia ?ia?oe?eia
caeaaeaeoaaiiy ia aeicaiey? caaacia/eoe a??ia?aei?noue ?ic?aooie?a
aeaeo?e/ieo iaaaioaaeaiue ? iieaciee?a AIN.

2. Aeey ??oaiiy iinoaaeaii? caaea/? aeioe?eueii canoiniaoaaoe iaoiae
noaoenoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy aeiaaeeiaeo i?ioean?a ia aeoiae? aeeiai?/ieo
iiaeaeae aiae?ciaaieo ia’?eo?a o aeaeyae? ainaiaeth ?aae?caoe?e. Aeiiae
aei oi/iino? ?i?oaoe?? aeo?aeieo aeiaaeeiaeo i?ioean?a ci?ie
iaaaioaaeaiiy aai iai?oae aecia/athoueny a caeaaeiino? a?ae caaeaii?
iia??oiino? ?ic?aooieo ooeaieo ia?aiao??a c o?aooaaiiyi aeaeyaeo iiaeae?
ia’?eoa. Aeey aecia/aiiy ?ic?aooieiaiai iaaaioaaeaiiy ii iaa??aaiith
aeiiae aei oi/iino? ?i?oaoe?? ao?aeiiai ? aeo?aeiiai i?ioean?a
iaeiaeia?.

Cai?iiiiiaaiee anoaoaoiee iaoiae ?i?oaoe?? aeicaiey? iaea?aeoaaoe
?aae?caoe?? aeiaaeeiaeo aeaeo?e/ieo i?ioean?a ?c oi/iei a?aeoai?aiiyi
caeii?a ?iciiae?eo ? EO, ui caaacia/o? a??ia?aei?noue ??oaiiy iae?i?eieo
caaea/ aeaeo?iiinoa/aiiy.

Aeey ?i?oaoe?? a?oiiaiai aeaeo?e/iiai iaaaioaaeaiiy a caaaeueiiio
aeiaaeeo aeioe?eueii a iaoiae? aeaiaioieo i?ioean?a i?eeiaoe oaeoe/i?
cia/aiiy ia?aiao??a aeaeo?e/ieo iaaaioaaeaiue, ui aeicaiey? i?aeaeueoe
oi/i?noue aecia/aiiy ?ic?aooieiaeo iaaaioaaeaiue, iniaeeai i?e iaaaeee?e
e?eueeino? AI.

. Ooieoe?th ?iciiae?eo a??th/i? aeice aeioe?eueii aecia/aoe ii
ia?aoeio ainaiaeth ?aae?caoe?e aeic, ocyoiio i?ney cae?i/aiiy
aeiaaeeiaiai ia?ao?aeiiai i?ioeano iaa??aaiiy i?ia?aeieea. Oi/ia ??oaiiy
aeicaiey? ioe?ithaaoe iia??oi?noue ?iaeaia?ieo iaoiae?a.

Iaaeeaeaia ??oaiiy caaea/? i?i eaaae?aoe/ia ?ia?oe?eia caeaaeaeoaaiiy o
aeaeyae? ?yaeo Aaeaeai?oa aea? iaeiio?ieueiaaio iia??oi?noue, o ca’yceo
c /ei iiaeeea?noue aeei?enoaiiy ?yae?a Aaeaeai?oa iiaeiia
iaa?oioiaoaaoeny aeey eiaeiiai eiie?aoiiai aeiaaeeo.

Oai?aoe/ia iieiaeaiiy i?i ii?iae?caoe?th i?ioean?a ia aeoiae? e?i?eieo
nenoai aeey caaea/? i?i eaaae?aoe/ia ?ia?oe?eia caeaaeaeoaaiiy ia iiaea
aooe i?eeiyoa aeey ia?aiao??a i?ia?aeiee?a ? iaaaioaaeaiue, ui
cono??/athoueny ia i?aeoeoe?, oiio aa?oi aeei?enoiaoaaoe noaoenoe/i?
oa?aeoa?enoeee, ye? iaea?aeothoueny iaoiaeii ?i?oaoe??.

Aeey a?oie ianiaeo AI aea?aaeaioiee ia?aiao? aeniiiaioe?aeueii? EO
a?oiiaiai aeaeo?e/iiai iaaaioaaeaiiy ?aeiiaiaeo?oueny ia/eneyoe ca?aeii
c ae?acaie (8) ? (9), ui aeicaiey? aecia/eoe oeae ia?aiao? ii
oa?aeoa?enoeeai ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo a?ao?e?a, ye? caaeai?.

Ia iniia? noaoenoe/iiai ??oaiiy caaea/? i?i eaaae?aoe/ia ?ia?oe?eia
caeaaeaeoaaiiy aeyaeai? noaoenoe/i? caeiiii??iino?, ui aeicaieeee
iaa?oiooaaoe ?iaeaia?i? iaoiaee ?ic?aooieo aeaeo?e/ieo iaaaioaaeaiue.
Cai?iiiiiaai? iaoiaee o ii??aiyii? c a?aeiieie caaacia/othoue a?eueo
aenieo oi/i?noue.

Ae?th/e «Aeac?aee ?c ?ic?aooieo aeaeo?e/ieo iaaaioaaeaiue» (AIAeI?
«Oyaei?iiaeaeo?ii?iaeo», Iineaa) aeioe?eueii cai?ieoe iiaeie — ia
iniia? iaoiae?a noaoenoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy ? a??th/eo aeic.

Iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie oai??? aeaeo?e/ieo iaaaioaaeaiue ? ?? i?aeoe/iiai
canoinoaaiiy iiaeiai aooe ni?yiiaaiee ia oai?aoe/ia ocaaaeueiaiiy
noaoenoe/ieo caeiiii??iinoae, ?ic?iaeo iaoiaeo ?i?oaoe?? aca?iicaeaaeieo
aeiaaeeiaeo i?ioean?a (aeoeai? ? ?aaeoeai? iaaaioaaeaiiy oa ?i.),
??oaiiy caaea/ i?i oaieiaee ciin ?cieyoe?? i?ia?aeieea ? aecia/aiiy
aeeiai?/ieo iieaciee?a AIN.

IOAE?EAOe?? CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

Eo?aiiue Y.A., Iia?aaiye I.I. “Ynoaoaoiue” iaoiae eieoaoeee neo/aeiuo
yeaeo?iyia?aaoe/aneeo i?ioeannia // Oaoi?/ia aeaeo?iaeeiai?ea. ( 1990.
( ?3. ( N. 3-6.

Eo?aiiue Y.A., Iooiay E.A., Iia?aaiye I.I., Noeaeiai Oaeaae, Eeeiaiei
E.A. Yooaeoeaiinoue i?eiaiaiey naeaiaiiuo ?aaeoi?ia // Oaoie/aneay
yeaeo?iaeeiaieea. ( 1991. ( ?3. ( N. 83-87.

Eo?aiiue Y.A., Aeieo?eaaa A.I., Iia?aaiye I.I. Niaa?oainoaiaaiea
iaoiaeia ?an/aoa yeaeo?e/aneeo iaa?ocie // I?iieneiaa aeaeo?iaia?aaoeea
oa aeaeo?ioaoi?ea. ?ioi?iaoe?eiee ca??iee. ( E.: OIA «AO?I». ( 1997. (
aeione 4. – N. 14-28.

Iia?aaiye I.I. ?aoaiea caaea/ yeaeo?iniaaaeaiey iooai eieoaoeee ainaiaey
?aaeecaoeee neo/aeiuo i?ioeannia // Nai?iee iao/iuo o?oaeia AeiiAOO.
Na?ey: yeaeo?ioaoieea e yia?aaoeea, auione 2 — Aeiiaoee: AeiiAOO. —
1998. — N. 67-73.

Eo??iiee A.A., Iia??aiye I.I. ?ia?oe?eia aia?aaoe/ia caeaaeaeoaaiiy
aeiaaeeiaeo aeaeo?e/ieo i?ioean?a // Oaoi?/ia aeaeo?iaeeiai?ea. — 1999.
— ?3. — N. 54-58.

Iia?aaiye I.I. Aiaeec ?aaeeiia naoae yeaeo?iniaaaeaiey eieoaoeeiiiuie
iaoiaeaie // Yia?aaoeea e yeaeo?eoeeaoeey. — 1999. — ?2. — N. 22-24.

Iia?aaiye I.I. Noaoenoe/aneea ?aoaiey iaeeiaeiuo caaea/ oai?ee
yeaeo?e/aneeo iaa?ocie naoae yeaeo?iniaaaeaiey i?iiuoeaiiuo
i?aaei?eyoee. // Nai?iee iao/iuo o?oaeia AeiiAOO. Na?ey: yeaeo?ioaoieea
e yia?aaoeea, auione 4 ( Aeiiaoee: AeiiAOO. ( 1999. ( N. 173-176.

Oeaeeianeee A.E., Eo?aiiue Y.A., Eieiiuooeaa A.Ae., Iia?aaiye I.I.,
Aao Neai. Yeaeo?iiaaieoiay niaianoeiinoue eiiaeainaoi?iuo onoaiiaie. (
E.: 1990. ( 29 n. (I?ai?. / AI Oe?aeiu. Ei-o yeaeo?iaeeiaieee; 687).

Aeieo?eaaa A.I., Aoioaaaa A.N., Iia?aaiye I.I. Au?aaieaaiea
oii?yaei/aiiuo aeeaa?aii // AeiiAOO. ( Aeiiaoee, 1996. — 7 n. Aeai. a
AIOA Oe?aeiu 03.01.97 a., ?16-OE97.

Iia?aaiye I.I. Eiaeaia?iue iaoiae ?an/aoa yeaeo?e/aneeo iaa?ocie //
Ecaanoey aocia. Yeaeo?iiaoaieea. ( 1998. ( ?2-3. ( N. 107.

Iia?aaiye I.I. Niaa?oainoaiaaiea ?oeiaiaeyueo oeacaiee ii ii?aaeaeaieth
?an/aoiuo yeaeo?e/aneeo iaa?ocie // Iaoa?eaeu Iaaeaeoia?. eiio. ii
noaoenoe/aneie aeeiaieea eioi?iaoeeiiiuo nenoai e iioieia. — Aia?oene:
Aaei?onneee ainoaea?noaaiiue yeiiiie/aneee oieaa?neoao. Aia?oeneee
oeeeae. — 1998. — N. 61-62.

Aeieo?eaaa A.I., Iia?aaiye I.I., Ea/aiei I.N. Noaoenoe/aneia
iiaeaee?iaaiea yeaeo?e/aneie iaa?ocee a?oiiu yeaeo?ii?eaiieeia //
Iaoa?eaeu eiio. ii noaoenoe/aneie aeeiaieea eioi?iaoeeiiiuo e
yia?aaoe/aneeo nenoai e iioieia. — Aia?oene: Aaei?onneee
ainoaea?noaaiiue yeiiiie/aneee oieaa?neoao. Aia?oeneee oeeeae. — 1999. —
N. 18-22.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. A iioae?eiaaieo o ni?aaaoi?noa? ?iaioao
aaoi?o iaeaaeeoue: [1] ( ?aeay e aeai?eoi “anoaoaoiiai” iaoiaeo
?i?oaoe?? ainaiae?a ?aae?caoe?e aeiaaeeiaeo i?ioean?a ?c caaeaieie
oa?aeoa?enoeeaie; [3] ( oi?ioea aeey iii?aaee aei ?ia?oe?eiiai iaoiaeo,
niin?a aecia/aiiy aea?aaeaioiiai ia?aiao?a EO, niin?a aecia/aiiy
noaoenoe/iiai eiao?oe??ioa a eaaae?aoe/iiio iaoiae?, ?i?oaoe?eiee
iaoiae; [2] ( oi?ioee aeey /eneiaeo oa?aeoa?enoee ao?ao iai?oae; [5] (
iaoiaeeea aeei?enoaiiy ?i?oaoe?eiiai iaoiaeo ? ia?aa??ea ei?aeoiino?
canoinoaaiiy ?yaeo Aaeaeai?oa; [8] ( canoinoaaiiy anoaoaoiiai iaoiaeo
aeey ioe?iee AIN eiiaeainaoi?ieo onoaiiaie; [9] ( ei?aeooaaiiy oi?ioee
aeey aecia/aiiy aeenia?n?? c??caiiai ii?iaeueiiai ?iciiae?eo; [12] —
iiaeeo?eiaaiee iaoiae aeaiaioieo i?ioean?a, oaeineiiaeaiiy anoaoaoiiai
iaoiaeo ?i?oaoe?? ?aae?caoe?e aeiaaeeiaeo i?ioean?a.

AIIOAOe?ss

Iia??aiye I.I. Iaoiaee eaaae?aoe/iiai ?ia?oe?eiiai caeaaeaeoaaiiy a
?ic?aooieao iaaaioaaeaiue i?iieneiaeo aeaeo?e/ieo ia?aae. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.14.02 -aeaeo?e/i? noaioe??, ia?aae? ? nenoaie. —
Aeiiaoeueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao, Aeiiaoeuee, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia ?ic?iaoe? iaoiae?a ?ic?aooieo aeaeo?e/ieo
iaaaioaaeaiue i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa. O ?iaio? cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiaee
?i?oaoe?? ?aae?caoe?e aeiaaeeiaeo aeaeo?e/ieo i?ioean?a, ui
caaacia/othoue a?aeoai?aiiy caaeaieo caeiio ?iciiae?eo eiia??iinoae ?
ei?aeyoe?eii? ooieoe??. Iaoiaeii noaoenoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy ae??oaia
caaea/a aecia/aiiy noaoenoe/iiai caeiio ?iciiae?eo eaaae?aoa
aeiaaeeiaiai aeaeo?e/iiai iaaaioaaeaiiy i?ney ?ia?oe?eiiai
caeaaeaeoaaiiy. Ia iniia? io?eiaiiai noaoenoe/iiai ??oaiiy ?ic?iaeaii
a?eueo oi/i? ?iaeaia?i? iaoiaee aecia/aiiy ?ic?aooieiaeo aeaeo?e/ieo
iaaaioaaeaiue, ui aeicaieythoue i?aeaeueoe aoaeoeai?noue
eai?oaeiaeeaaeaiue ? ooieoe?iiaeueio iaae?ei?noue i?iieneiaeo
aeaeo?e/ieo ia?aae. Cai?iiiiiaaii niin?a aecia/aiiy ia?aiao?a
aeniiiaioe?aeueii? ei?aeyoe?eii? ooieoe?? a?oiiaiai a?ao?ea aeaeo?e/iiai
iaaaioaaeaiiy. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie ?iaioe neeaaeaii i?iaeo «Aeac?aie ?c
?ic?aooieo aeaeo?e/ieo iaaaioaaeaiue i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa».

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aeiaaeeiaee aeaeo?e/iee i?ioean, noaoenoe/ia
iiaeaethaaiiy, ?ia?oe?eia caeaaeaeoaaiiy, ?ic?aooieiaa aeaeo?e/ia
iaaaioaaeaiiy, i?iieneiaa aeaeo?e/ia ia?aaea, aeaeo?e/ia iaaaioaaeaiiy.

ABSTRACT

Pogrebnyak N.N. Methods of quadratic inertial smoothing in calculation
of industrial electrical networks loads. — Manuscript.

Thesis for a candidate degree by speciality 05.14.02 — Power stations,
electrical networks and systems. — Donetsk state technical university,
Donetsk, 1999.

The thesis is devoted to development of methods of account of electrical
loads of the industrial enterprises. The methods of simulation of
realisations of random electrical processes providing reproduction of
the probability distribution law and correlation function are proposed.
The problem of determination of statistical distribution law of quadrate
of a casual electrical load after inertial smoothing has been decided by
the method of statistical simulation. Because of obtained statistical
solution more faithful rapid design methods of calculation of estimated
electrical loads, ensuring the increase of investment efficiency and
functional reliability of industrial electrical networks, are developed.
The method of estimation of a parameter of exponential correlation
functions of the group random power load is proposed. By results of
thesis the project of «Design procedure of electrical loads of the
industrial enterprises » is composed.

Key words: casual electrical process, statistical simulation, inertial
smoothing, estimated electrical load, industrial electrical network,
electrical load.

AIIIOAOeEss

Iia?aaiye I.I. Iaoiaeu eaaae?aoe/iiai eia?oeeiiiiai naeaaeeaaiey a
?an/aoao iaa?ocie i?iiuoeaiiuo yeaeo?e/aneeo naoae. ( ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.14.02 ( yeaeo?e/aneea noaioeee, naoe e nenoaiu. (
Aeiiaoeeee ainoaea?noaaiiue oaoie/aneee oieaa?neoao, Aeiiaoee, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia ?ac?aaioea iaoiaeia ?an/aoa yeaeo?e/aneeo
iaa?ocie i?iiuoeaiiuo i?aaei?eyoee. A ?aaioa ?aoaia iao/iay caaea/a
ii?aaeaeaiey noaoenoe/aneeo caeiiia ?ani?aaeaeaiey neo/aeiuo
yeaeo?iyia?aaoe/aneeo i?ioeannia iinea eaaae?aoe/iiai eia?oeeiiiiai
naeaaeeaaiey iaoiaeii noaoenoe/aneiai iiaeaee?iaaiey, eiathuay iao/iia
cia/aiea aeey oai?ee yeaeo?e/aneeo iaa?ocie e yeaeo?iiaaieoiie
niaianoeiinoe, a oaeaea i?aeoe/aneia cia/aiea aeey i?iaeoe?iaaiey
i?iiuoeaiiuo yeaeo?e/aneeo naoae a /anoe ii?aaeaeaiey ?an/aoiuo
yeaeo?e/aneeo iaa?ocie e aeeiaie/aneeo iieacaoaeae yeaeo?iiaaieoiie
niaianoeiinoe.

A iniiao ?aaiou iieiaeaiu i?eiyoua a oai?ee yeaeo?e/aneeo iaa?ocie
iiaeaee. Iiaeaeue a?oiiiaiai a?aoeea ( a aeaea neo/aeiiai i?ioeanna n
ii?iaeueiui caeiiii aa?iyoiinoiiai ?ani?aaeaeaiey e yeniiiaioeeaeueiie
ei??aeyoeeiiiie ooieoeeae (EO). Iiaeaeue iaa?aaa i?iaiaeieea ( a aeaea
aeeooa?aioeeaeueiiai o?aaiaiey ia?aiai ii?yaeea, a i?aaoth /anoue
eioi?iai aoiaeeo eaaae?ao iaa?ocee.

?ac?aaioai aeai?eoi i?eiaiaiey iaoiaea noaoenoe/aneiai iiaeaee?iaaiey
aeey ?aoaiey caaea/e i eaaae?aoe/iii eia?oeeiiiii naeaaeeaaiee.
Inouanoaeaia i?iaa?ea aai aeinoiaa?iinoe.

I?aaeeiaeai «ynoaoaoiue» iaoiae eieoaoeee ?aaeecaoeee neo/aeiuo
yeaeo?e/aneeo i?ioeannia, iaania/eaathuee aini?iecaaaeaiea caaeaiiuo
caeiiia ?ani?aaeaeaiey e EO. Eaeay iaoiaea ninoieo a oii, /oi ia ia?aii
yoaia eieoe?oaony ?aaeecaoeey n caaeaiiui caeiiii ?ani?aaeaeaiey, a aa
EO ia eiio?iee?oaony. Ia aoi?ii yoaia enoiaeiay ?aaeecaoeey
iiaeaa?aaaony i?aia?aciaaieth aeey aini?iecaaaeaiey EO, iniiaaiiiio ia
oii, /oi ethaay ia?anoaiiaea i?aeeiao ?aaeecaoeee eciaiyao aa EO, ii ia
caeii ?ani?aaeaeaiey.

Oniaa?oainoaiaai iaoiae yeaiaioiuo i?ioeannia, iicaieythuee oi/ii
aini?iecaanoe caeii ?ani?aaeaeaiey a?oiiiaiai a?aoeea yeaeo?e/aneie
iaa?ocee ca n/ao o/aoa oaeoe/aneeo ia?aiao?ia eiaeeaeaeoaeueiuo a?aoeeia
iaa?ocee ioaeaeueiuo yeaeo?ii?eaiieeia: iiieiaeueiie iiuiinoe,
eiyooeoeeaioa caa?ocee, eiyooeoeeaioa eniieueciaaiey.

Iaoiaeii noaoenoe/aneiai iiaeaee?iaaiey ii?aaeaeaiu noaoenoe/aneea
oa?aeoa?enoeee «a?athuae aeicu» ( eaaae?aoa neo/aeiie yeaeo?e/aneie
iaa?ocee iinea eia?oeeiiiiai naeaaeeaaiey.

I?iaa?eie ii?iaeecaoeee a?athuae aeicu ii e?eoa?eth Ie?niia iieacaii,
/oi i?e aiciiaeiuo ia i?aeoeea cia/aieyo iinoiyiiie a?aiaie iaa?aaa
caeii ?ani?aaeaeaiey a?athuae aeicu ia yaeyaony ii?iaeueiui.
Ii?iaeecaoeey i?ienoiaeeo i?e i/aiue aieueoeo cia/aieyo iinoiyiiie
a?aiaie iaa?aaa i?iaiaeieea, /oi ia eiaao i?aeoe/aneiai cia/aiey aeey
ii?aaeaeaiey ?an/aoiie iaa?ocee.

Iieacaii, /oi i?eiaiaiea ?yaea Yaeaeai?oa aeey i?eaeeaeaiiiai ?aoaiey
caaea/e i eaaae?aoe/iii eia?oeeiiiii naeaaeeaaiee iiaeao aeaaaoue
i?ioeai?a/auea oeceea ?acoeueoaou, a oaeaea cao?oaeieoaeueii ec-ca
ionoonoaey o?aaoaiuo enoiaeiuo aeaiiuo.

N oeaeueth oiaiueoaiey iia?aoiinoe ii?aaeaeaiey ?an/aoiie yeaeo?e/aneie
iaa?ocee ia ?aeiiaiaeiaaii i?eiaiaiea eniieuecoaiie a i?iaeoe?iaaiee
oi?ioeu ia?an/aoa iaeneioia.

Ia iniiaa iieo/aiiiai noaoenoe/aneiai ?aoaiey caaea/e i eaaae?aoe/iii
eia?oeeiiiii naeaaeeaaiee neo/aeiie yeaeo?e/aneie iaa?ocee n
yeniiiaioeeaeueiie EO ?ac?aaioaiu aieaa oi/iua eiaeaia?iua iaoiaeu
ii?aaeaeaiey ?an/aoiuo yeaeo?e/aneeo iaa?ocie, iicaieythuea iiauneoue
yooaeoeaiinoue eaieoaeiaeiaeaiee e ooieoeeiiaeueioth iaaeaaeiinoue
i?iiuoeaiiuo yeaeo?e/aneeo naoae. Iaoiaeu iniiaaiu ia ei??aeoiii iiiyoee
«?an/aoiay iaa?ocea». Iieacaii, /oi i?aaeeiaeaiiua eiaeaia?iua iaoiaeu
aeatho iaiueoea iia?aoiinoe ii?aaeaeaiey ?an/aoiie yeaeo?e/aneie
iaa?ocee ii iaa?aao, /ai nouanoaothuea.

I?aaeeiaeaiu aeaa niiniaa ii?aaeaeaiey yeaeaaeaioiiai ia?aiao?a
ei??aeyoeeiiiie ooieoeee a?oiiiaiai a?aoeea yeaeo?e/aneie iaa?ocee ii
ecaanoiui oa?aeoa?enoeeai eiaeeaeaeoaeueiuo iaa?ocie: aeey ?an/aoia ia
YAI ( iooai ?aoaiey o?ainoeaiaeaioiiai o?aaiaiey, iieo/aiiiai iaoiaeii
iaeiaiueoeo eaaae?aoia; a?o/ioth ( enoiaey ec yeaeaaeaioe?iaaiey
aeenia?nee iaa?ocie ia auoiaea eia?oeeiiiiai caaia.

Ii ?acoeueoaoai ?aaiou ninoaaeai i?iaeo «Oeacaiee ii ?an/aoo
yeaeo?e/aneeo iaa?ocie i?iiuoeaiiuo i?aaei?eyoee».

Eeth/aaua neiaa: neo/aeiue yeaeo?e/aneee i?ioeann, noaoenoe/aneia
iiaeaee?iaaiea, eia?oeeiiiia naeaaeeaaiea, ?an/aoiay yeaeo?e/aneay
iaa?ocea, i?iiuoeaiiay yeaeo?e/aneay naoue, yeaeo?e/aneay iaa?ocea.

I?ei?oea.

“Eiia?iaoi?iei” oiiaii iacaaii caeii ?iciiae?eo eiia??iinoae
a?oiiaiai a?ao?ea, noi?iiaaii-ai iaaaeeeith e?euee?noth AI. Aeey iueiai
ooieoe?y ?iciiae?eo aecia/a?oueny ii oai?ai? i?i iiaoi?aiiy ni?ia.

Похожие записи