I?I?NOA?NOAI INA?OE OE?A?IE

Ee?anueeee i?aeia?iaeiee oi?aa?neoao oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??

OAeE 629.735.083.06

AEUe EAAAIA AEIAI

IAOIAeE ? IIAeAE? IAA?OIOOAAIIss

A?AeIIAINO?EEEO NO?OEOO?

AA?AOe?EIIAI IAEAAeIAIIss ? AA?II?EE

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 05.22.14 — Aenieoaoaoe?y iia?o?yiiai o?ainii?oo

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

EE?A 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? “Aeaeo?eo?eiaai? nenoaie oa eiiieaene
iia?o?yieo noaeai” a Ee?anueeiio i?aeia?iaeiiio oi?aa?neoao? oeea?eueii?
aa?aoe?? I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe,

i?ioani? Ai?iaeia Aeaaeeneaa Ieoaeeiae/

caa?aeoth/ee eaoaae?ith Aeaeo?eo?eiaai? nenoaie oa eiiieaene iia?o?yieo
noaeai

“Ee?anueeee i?aeia?iaeiee oi?aa?neoao oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??”

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Eoeee Ieeiea Na?a?eiae/

caa?aeoth/ee eaoaae?ith Oaoi?/ia aenieoaoaoe?y e?oaeiaeo aia?ao?a oa
aeaeaoi?a

“Ee?anueeee i?aeia?iaeiee oi?aa?neoao oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??”

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

?oaethe A?eai??e ?aaiiae/

AIOE ?i. I.E.Aioiiiaa

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:

Ee?anueeee ?inoeooo A?enueeiai Iia?o?yieo Nee Oe?a?ie

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 1 eeiiy 1999 ?. a 15 aiae.

ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.I62.03 i?e

Ee?anueeiio i?aeia?iaeiiio oi?aa?neoao? oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??.

Aae?ana: 252601, i. Ee?a-58, ANI, i?iniaeo Einiiiaaoa Eiia?iaa, 1.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? Ee?anueeiai

i?aeia?iaeiiai oi?aa?neoaoo oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee «31 » o?aaiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee, ae.o.i.
Caii?iaeaoeue I.?.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue ?iaioe. O oaia??oi?e /an aa?aeiiiai?yie na?oo iaeiie/aiee
cia/iee aeina?ae ii aenieoaoaoe?? aa?ii?ee iiaiai iieie?iiy. O oie aea
/an aei 2000 ?ieo i/?eo?oueny ianiaa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a ooieoe?iiaeuei?
nenoaie ai?oiaiai iaeaaeiaiiy aa?ii?ee — ia ?ioaa?aeueieo iiaeoeueieo
eiino?oeoe?yo. ii a?aeiioaiith aei no/aniiai ai?oiaiio aa?aoe?eiiio ?
?aae?iaeaeo?iiiiio iaeaaeiaiith (A?AI) ?? a?ae??ciythoue ianooii? iia?
i?eioeeie: iiaeoeueia eiino?oeoe?y, caaaeueia a?aeiiaino?eea ia?iaea
?ioi?iaoe??, neia?a?/i? iiaeeeaino?, aio/eee naiieueioiee ?ioa?oaen,
oeaio?ae?ciaaia aeaeo?iaeeaeaiiy, aenie? aeiiii?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee ii
aeeoo?aiio oeeeeo (AEOe), iiaeeea?noue oi?o?eaoe?? iaeaaeiaiiy aeey
??cieo oei?a iia?o?yieo noae?a (IN), ?icoe?ai? iiaeeeaino? aeey
na?oeo?eaoe?? ii aoaiao AEOe.

Canoinoaaiiy aa?ii?ee iiaiai iieie?iiy aeicaiey? caaacia/eoe iia?
iiaeeeaino? aeey a?oi eieaeoea?a: ?ic?iaiee?a IN, ?ic?iaiee?a ?
iinoa/aeueiee?a aa?ii?ee, aenieoaoaio?a ? i?aai?a na?oeo?eaoe??. Ianiaee
ia?ao?ae aei aa?ii?ee ia ia?niaeoeaieo IN cae?enith?oueny ia aeayeiio
a?ae??ceo /ano ? aeiaaaoeia ia?ao?aeiiai aoaio, eiee ia??ai? c
o?aaeeoe?eieie nenoaiaie aa?aoe?eiiai iaeaaeiaiiy (AI)
aeei?enoiaothoueny nenoaie ? eiiieaene iiaiai iieie?iiy.

Eiiieaeniith oa?aeoa?enoeeith aa?ii?ee ? nenoaiia aoaeoeai?noue, ye i??a
aeioe?eueiino? aeueoa?iaoea no?oeoo? ? iaoiae?a ?o aenieoaoaoe??. I?ae
nenoaiiith aoaeoeai?noth ?icoi??oueny a?aeiaaeiaaia ocaaaeueiaia
eaoaai??y aeanoeainoae iie?a?aaoe/ii? nenoaie «ae?iaae — aa?ii?ea —
na?aaea» aai «ae?iaae — A? — na?aaea», yea ioe?ith?oueny iieacieeaie:
aoaeiae, ooieoe?iioaaiiy, aaeaioaoe?? ? ?icaeoeo a no?oeoo?ao AEOe i?e
iaiaaeaiiyo ia nenoaii? ?ano?ne, ? ui ?aae?ciao? nai? iiaeeeaino?
(eueioii-aenieoaoaoe?eii-oaoi?/i?, iaae?ei?ni? ? aeiiii?/i?
oa?aeoa?enoeee) a oiiaao i?ia?aiiaaii? aenieoaoaoe?? (EOO, AOO).

A?aeiiaino?ee?noue — eiiieaeniee iieaciee iaae?eiino? ooieoe?i-iaeueii?
nenoaie, yeee aecia/a?oueny ?iia??i?noth oiai, ui nenoaia
ooie-oe?iioaaoeia ia iaaiiio ??ai? yeino? i?ney oiai, ye a?aeaoaeaoueny
a?aeiiaa (aai aeae?eueea a?aeiia) o eiiiiiaioao aia?aoo?e oa (/e)
i?ia?aiiiai caaacia/aiiy.

I??i?eoaoi?noue aoaio i?iaeooaaiiy a ?aae?caoe?? aeanoeainoae aa?ii?ee
(aeiiii?/ieo, iaae?ei?noieo, EOO ? AOO) caaaeii aeicaiey? iaa?oiooaaoe
eiino?oeoeaiee i?aeo?ae aei ?ice?eooy aioo??oi?o aeanoeainoae nenoai ?
i?ioean?a ia aoaiao AEOe, aaoiiaoecoth/e ?o, i???iooth/enue ia e?ioeaaee
?acoeueoao — i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy aaciaee iieueio?a ? aoaeoeaiino?
ooieoe?iioaaiiy aa?ii?ee.

I?ioeanai noai?aiiy ? oi?aae?iiy aaeeeeie oaoi?/ieie ?
ethaeeii-iaoeiieie nenoaiaie, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoueny noeoii?noth
aeanoea?noth (aaaaoie?eoa??aeuei?noue, neeaaei?noue, aeeiai?/i?noue
i?ioean?a, ?ioaa?aoe?y, oe?e?ni?noue ? ?icae?eaiiy ooieoe?e) i?enay/aii
aeineoue aaaaoi ?ia?o: A.I.Iao?iaa, A.I.Aeooeiaa, A.N.I?oaeueiae/a,
A.?.Neo??oeia, E.A.?aa?iiae/a, A.A. Iieeiai?eiaa, A.N. Iiniaeiaa, A.A.
E?anianueeiai, A.?. Eoooaiei, A.I. Eoioeaae/a, E.N. Iiio?yaeia,
A.A. Iaaeiaa, I. Aoaina, I. Eaeiaia, A.I. Iei?iiaa, A.A.
?aaoiaiei, E.Ae. AEoea, A.A. O?i/aiei, I.?. Eaaeiaoea oa ?ioeo
a/aieo.

Iaaaeeea /enei ?ia?o i?enay/aia ?ic?iaoe? iaoiaeieia?/ieo, oai?aoe/ieo ?
i?eeeaaeieo iniia i?aeaeuaiiy nenoaiii? aoaeoeaiino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy
eiiieaen?a ai?oiaiai caaaeueiie?oaeiaiai iaeaaeiaiiy, ui aaciina?aaeiuei
aieeaa? ia aaciaeo iieueio?a

I?aaenoaaeaia ?iaioa i?noeoue ?acoeueoaoe aiae?co ? ocaaaeueiaiiy
aeina?aeo aenieoaoaoe?? aa?ii?ee oei?a IN (A 767, A 320, A 340, Oo-154
? ?i.) a e?a?iao Aeeaeiueiai Noiaeo; oeyoe i?aeaeuaiiy ? iaa?oiooaaiiy
nenoaiii? aoaeoeaiino? a?aeiiaino?eeeo no?oeoo? aa?ii?ee ia ??cieo
iiaeaeyo nenoai eia?ei-aeeiai?/iiai oeio (EAeN) c iiceoe?e nenoaiiiai
i?aeoiaeo ? iaoiaeieia?? AEOe. Iniiaiith eiioeaioe??th ?iaioe yaey?oueny
iaa?oiooaaiiy a?aeiiaino?eeeo no?oeoo? aa?ii?ee ia?niaeoeaii? IN ? ui
aenieoaoothoueny nenoai aa?aoe?eiiai iaeaaeiaiiy (AI) ia ia?ao?aeiiio
aoai? ianiaiai ai?iaaaeaeaiiy aa?ii?ee ia i?eeeaaeao aia?aaoe/ieo
eaiae?a nenoai ?oeueiaeo i?eaiae?a IN. Caaea/a iaa?oiooaaiiy
a?aeiiaino?eeeo no?oeoo? ae??oo?oueny a eaoaai??yo:

— nenoaiieo aeanoeainoae ? ?ano?n?a;

— aniaeo?a ae?yeueiino? ca ?aooiie aoaeoeaiiai ieaioaaiiy ?

— ?aae?caoe?? i?eioeei?a i?ia?aiiaaii? aenieoaoaoe??;

— canoinoaaiiy eiiieaenieo caoiae?a uiaei ?aca?aoaaiiy ? a?aeiiaeaiith
i?aoeacaeaoiino? ia aoaiao AEOe.

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy coiiaeaia oeie ?aaeueieie i?ioeanaie
?icaeoeo aa?aeiiiai?e na?oo a iaeano? ?ic?iaee ? ianiaiai
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy aa?ii?ee ia aac? IMA, oaiaeaioe?yie ?icaeoeo OeA, a
oaeiae iniaeeainoyie ?icaeoeo ? aenieoaoaoe?? aa?aoe?? e?a?i Aeeaeiueiai
Noiaeo.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie oaiaie.

Iai?aaeaiiy ? oaia aeine?aeaeaiiy yaey?oueny i?iaeiaaeaiiyi
iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o eaoaae?? “Aeaeo?eo?eiaai? nenoaie oa eiiieaene
IN”, ye? i?iaiaeyoueny ?acii c AIOE ?i. I.E. Aioiiiaa, AIOE ?i. A.I.
Ooiieaaa (?in?y), E? AIN, ?E ?i. A.I.Aeooeiaa IAIO, aa?aeiiiai?yie GULF
AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE COMPANI ? AOA GAMCO (IAA) ? ?i?aeai??, ?inoeoooii
Aa?aoe?? (Iieueoa a. Aa?oaaa).

Oe?eeth aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ? iaa?oiooaaiiy a?aeiiaino?eeeo no?oeoo?
AI ? aa?ii?ee ia ia?ao?aeiiio aoai? ianiaiai ai?iaaaeaeaiiy aa?ii?ee
oeyoii ?ic?iaee iaoiae?a, iiaeaeae ? ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e ia aac?
?ANO ? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy i?eioeei?a i?ia?aiiaaii? aenieoaoaoe??.

Aeinyaiaiiy iaoe i?aaenoaaey? ??oaiiy caaea/? aea?aeaaii? aaaeeeaino?,
a ?acoeueoaoe aeicaieythoue ?icaeaaoe nenoaiiee i?aeo?ae aei i?iaeaie
i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy ? a?aeiiaino?eeino? aa?ii?ee ia
aac? ?ANO. Oea caaeaaea? ?ice?eooy iaoai?ci?a a?aeiia ? iani?aaiinoae
aa?ii?ee ? ?aae?caoe?? iaoiae?a ? cania?a i?ia?aiiaaii? aenieoaoaoe??.
Iniiaiee iai?yi aeine?aeaeaiue neeaaea?oueny a iaa?oiooaaii?
a?aeiiaino?eeeo no?oeoo? AI ? aa?ii?ee ui aenieoaoothoueny ?
ia?niaeoeaieo IN ia AEOe, a eaoaai??yo: nenoaiieo aeanoeainoae (EOO,
YOO, iaae?ei?ni? iieacieee); nenoaiieo ?ano?n?a (ooieoe?y, no?oeoo?a,
ia?aiao?, ?aca?aoaaiiy ? eiai aeaee); aniaeo?a ae?yeueiino? (aeiiii?/i?,
i?aai?caoe?eii-oi?aae?inuee?, EOO, AOO) ca ?aooiie ?ic?iaee ?
canoinoaaiiy iaoiae?a, iiaeaeae, ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e, aoaeoeaiiai
ieaioaaiiy ? ?aae?caoe?? i?eioeei?a i?ia?aiiaaii? aenieoaoaoe?? ia aac?
?ANO.

Iaoiaeu aeine?aeaeaiue. Iniiaith iaoiae?a ? iiaeaeae iaa?oiooaaiiy
a?aeiiaino?eeeo no?oeoo? ai?oiaiai iaeaaeiaiiy ? aeinyaiaiiy iaoee a
iaeano?: iaae?ei?noue neeaaeieo a?aaoe/ieo nenoai aa?ii?ee,
iaoiaeieia?? nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo, iniia oai??? iioei?caoe?? ?
noaoenoe/ieo ??oaiue, oaoi?/ii? iaoai?ee.

Iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith ai?iaaaeaeaiiy aa?ii?ee, ? i?e/eiii-ne?ae/?
ca’ycee nenoaie: SYMBOL 174 \f «Symbol» \s 9 ®
, ye? aoaeo/e iaaaioaaeaieie a oiiae aenieoaoaoe?? (i/?eoaai?
? aeno?aiaeuei?), aca?iiae?thoue, ooai?thth/e iiao neeaaeio nenoaio.

Ia iniia? nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo noi?iiaaia noeoii?noue i?aecaaea/, a ?o
??oaiiy cae?enith?oueny ia aac? ?ice?eooy aioo??oi?o aeanoeainoae /a?ac
iaoiaee ? iiaeae? oai?aoe/iiai ? i?eeeaaeiiai cia/aiiy ( «aea?aaa»
oe?eae ?yaeo i?iaeai, eiia??i?ni? ? aeaoa?i?iiaai? iaoiaee ? iiaeae?
ioe?ithaaiiy iieaciee?a iaae?eiino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy e?i?eieo ? ?noioii
iae?i?eieo no?oeoo? nenoai aa?ii?ee ia aoaiao AEOe i?e iaiaaeaiiyo ia
nenoaii? ?ano?ne).

Eiiieaeniith oa?aeoa?enoeeith ai?oiaiai AI i?eeiyoa nenoaiia
aoaeoeai?noue a eaoaai??yo aoaeiae, ooieoe?iioaaiiy, aaeaioaoe?? ?
?icaeoeo no?oeoo? ? iaoiae?a ?o aenieoaoaoe??, a a yeino? e?eoa??th —
?iia??i?noue aeaaiiieo/iiai aeoiaeo iieueioo. E?eoa??e ia? eiia??iiniee
oa?aeoa? ? i?aaenoaaey? oa?? eiia??iinoae ??cieo iiae?e:
a?aeiiaino?eeino?, aeeao/ino? ? iieaciee?a iaae?eiino? nenoaie «ae?iaae
— aa?ii?ea — na?aaea».

O ?iaio? aeei?enoaia: iaoiaeieia?y nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo, iaoaiaoe/i?
iiaeae? eeano eia?ei-aeeiai?/ieo nenoai (EAeN), iaoiae oaciai? ieiueie ?
aaaaoii??iee i?inoi?o, iiaea?i?ciaaiee iaoiae aa?iii?/ii? eei?a?ecaoe??,
iaoiae i?yieo ioe?iie yeino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy aa?ii?ee ? o.ae.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia. O aeena?oaoe?? noi?iiaaia noeoii?noue iaoiae?a,
iiaeaeae ? ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e i?aeaeuaiiy nenoaiiith
aoaeoeai?noue aeey iaa?oiooaaiiy a?aeiiaino?eeeo no?oeoo? AI ? aa?ii?ee
ia ia?ao?aeiiio aoai? ianiaiai ai?iaaaeaeaiiy IN c aa?ii?eith.
Oai?aoe/i? iniiae oeeo caaea/ aeiinyoueny ia caoeno.

E?ioeaaith eiioeaioe??th a oe?e noeoiiino? aca?iiiia’ycaieo caaea/ ?
i?ia?aiiaaia aenieoaoaoe?y:

— canoinoaaiiy iiaeo oaoiieia?e, i?aai?caoe?eii-oaoi?/ieo caoiae?a,
i?ia?aiii-oaoi?/ieo cania?a ? iiaeeeainoae i?ia?aiiaaii? aenieoaoaoe??;

— iia? i?eioeeie noai?aiiy ai?oiaeo a?aeiiaino?eeeo nenoai ? eiiieaen?a
ia aac? IMA;

— no/ani? eiooe i?aeaioiaee ae?iaae?a.

Iaiao?aei?noue ?iaioe aeeeeeaia oei, ui aeinyaioo? ??ai? aaciaea
iieueio?a AN ia iiaea aaaaeaoeny caaeia?eueiith, a oaiaeaioe??
iiaoaiiiai aaeineiiaeaiiy i?ioeano ooieoe?iioaaiiy iaeaaeiaiiy ia
aeathoue a?ae/ooieo ?acoeueoao?a. Iaia? aaeaeaaoiino? aeo?ao ?ano?n?a ia
caaacia/aiiy ??aiy aaciaee iieueio?a ? ?noioiiai i?aeaeuaiiy iieaciee?a
aaciaee iieueio?a. E??i oiai ai?iaaaeaeaiiy aa?ii?ee ia an?o oeiao IN
(i?ney 2000 ?ieo) c ?? iiaeie ooieoe?iiaeueieie iiaeeeainoyie aeiaaa?
noai?aiiy ?aeeieo nenoaiiia?acoth/eo i?aeoiae?a a ??oaii?
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo caaea/.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. ?ic?iaeai? ? ai?iaaaeaeai?
a i?aeoeeo aa?aeiiiai?e GALF AIR, AOA GAMCO (IAY) ? aa?aeiiiai?e
Ei?aeai??, a oaeiae a o/aiaee i?ioean EIO OeA iiaeae?, iaoiaeeee,
aeai?eoie i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? aa?ii?ee ia AEOe. Ie?ai? ?acoeueoaoe
?iaioe ? ?icaeoeii IAe? c AIOE ?i. I.E. Aioiiiaa ? ?ioeie
i?aai?caoe?yie. Aeinoia??i?noue iaoeiaeo ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe
caaacia/aia:

— canoinoaaiiyi iaoiaeo nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo;

— noai?aiiyi eia?/ii iia’ycaii? noeoiiino? «aea?aa» oe?eae ?yaeo i?iaeai
ii iaa?oiooaaiith a?aeiiaino?eeeo no?oeoo? AI ? aa?ii?ee ia AEOe c
???a?o?/iith no?oeoo?ith;

— aeei?enoaiiyi a ?iaio? oe?iei aei?iaoaaieo a oai??? ? i?aeoeoe? oi/ieo
? iaaeeaeaieo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy;

— ?ic?iaeith ? canoinoaaiiyi eiia??iinieo ? aeaoa?i?iiaaieo iiaeaeae ia
??ai? iaoaiaoe/ieo, iieoiaoo?ieo ? iiaeaeae ii aei?iaoaaiiyo c
aeei?enoaiiyi no/anii? ii?iaoeaii-oaoi?/ii? aeieoiaioaoe?? (ARINC 651,
AeNOO 3589-97, AIEAN) ? noaoenoe/iith ?ioi?iaoe??th ii aenieoaoaoe?? AI.

Aoaeoeai?noue iaoeiaeo ?acoeueoao?a aecia/a?oueny oeie aeaiaeaie, ye?
aeoiaeyoue i?e nai?/aniiio ?ica’ycaii? ieoaiue i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy aaciaee
iieueio?a ? aoaeoeaiino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy ia?niaeoeaii? IN c
a?aeiiaino?eeith aa?ii?eith; ai?iaaaeaeaeaiiyi iaoiaeee, iiaeaeae,
iaoiae?a, aeai?eoi?a a i?aeoeeo aa?ai?aei?e?inoa ? o/aiaee i?ioean.

Iniaeeaee aianie aeena?oaioa. Aaoi?ii i?iaaaeaiee aiae?c ? ocaaaeueiaia
noaoenoe/ia ?ioi?iaoe?y ooieoe?iioaaiiy aa?ii?ee e?oae?a A 767, A320 ii
iaoa??aeai aa?aeiiiai?? GALF AIR (IAY) ? e?oae?a Oo-154, Oo-134, sse-40.

Noi?iiaai? «aea?aaa» oe?eae ?yaeo i?iaeai, ui oi?iothoue iniiai?
iaoiaeieia?/i? i?eioeeie aeine?aeaeaiue. C aeei?enoaiiyi iaoiae?a:
i?yieo ioe?iie yeino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy e?i?eieo ? iae?i?eieo nenoai
aia?aaoe/iiai ??aiy, aaaaoiiaethnoeiai? oaciai? ieiueie ? aaaaoii??iee
i?inoi?o, iiaea?i?ciaaiiai iaoiaeo aa?iii?/ii? e?i?a?ecaoe?? (i?io.
?aa?iiae/ E.A.), eiia??iinieo i?aeoiae?a i?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy
e?i?eieo ? iae?i?eieo no?oeoo? ?oeueiaeo i?eaiae?a aeey iaa?oiooaaiiy ?o
a?aeiiaino?eeino? ia AEOe.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe aeieeaaeaeeny
ia i?aeia?iaeieo ? aocianueeeo iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo:
«Aa?ii?ea — 95» (1995?.); «Aa?iiaa?aaoe?y — 96» (1996 i.);
«Caaacia/aiiy aaciaee iieueio?a a iiaeo aeiiii?/ieo oiiaao» (1997 ?.);
«Aa?iiaa?aaoe?y ? aa?ii?ea — 98» (1998?.); «Ethaeeii-iaoeii? i?eeaaei?
nenoaie ? eiiieaene» (1999?., i. Eacaiue, ?in?y), a oaeiae
nooaeaionueeeo IOE EIO OeA.

Ioae?eaoe??. A i?ioean? aeeiiaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue iioae?eiaaii 17
iaoeiaeo ?ia?o: c ieo 5 noaoae ? 4 iaoa??ae?a eiioa?aioe?e a ca??ieeao
iaoeiaeo i?aoeue OOO, OAO ? i?aoeyo IIOE «Caaacia/aiiy aaciaee iieueio?a
a iiaeo aeiiii?/ieo oiiaao», «Aa?iiaa?aaoe?y ? aa?ii?ea — 98», a oaeiae
aeeiiaii 9 aeiiia?aeae ia i?aeia?iaeieo ? aoc?aneeo eiioa?aioe?yo c
ioae?eaoe??th oac aeiiia?aeae.

No?oeoo?a ? ia’?i aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c
aaaaeaiiy, o?ueio ?icae?e?a, iniiaieo ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe ? aeiaeaoe?a.
Iniiaia /anoeia ?iaioe i?noeoue 269 n. iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo (a oiio
/ene?: 258n. ci?no, 10n. nieneo e?oa?aoo?e 114 n iaeiaioaaiiyie ?ia?o),
53n. iaethie?a ? a?noia?ai. Aeiaeaoie neeaaea?oueny ?c 12n.
iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo ? 8n. eii?e aeo?a.

CI?NO ?IAIOE

Aaaaeaiiy. ??oaiiy i?iaeaie aaciaee iieueio?a ? aoaeoeaiino?
ooieoe?iioaaiiy nenoaie «ae?iaae — IN — na?aaea» i?e ai?iaaaeaeai?
aa?ii?ee ia aac? IMA — ?ioaa?aeueieo iiaeoeueieo eiino?oeoe?yo aeeeeea?
iaiao?aei?noue i?iaaaeaiiy oe?eiai ?yaeo eiiieaenieo aeine?aeaeaiue:
aecia/aiiy oeyo?a i?aeaeuaiiy nenoaiii? aoaeoeaiino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy
eiiieaen?a aa?ii?ee; iaa?oiooaaiiy a?aeiiaino?eeeo no?oeoo? aa?ii?ee ?
AO, i?e iae?eo ia?ao?aeiiai aoaio; ioe?iee aieeao /eiiee?a aenieoaoaoe??
ia oaoi?/iee noai aa?ii?ee.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e?. ‘Iaoiaeieia?/i? iniiae noai?aiiy a?aeiiaino?eeeo
eia?ei-aeeiai?/ieo no?oeoo? nenoai ? eiiieaen?a aa?aoe?eiiai
iaeaaeiaiiy» aecia/ai? iniiai? oaiaeaioe?? a ?icaeoeo ? noai?aii?
ai?oiaeo nenoai ? eiieaen?a. I?ia?ano o?ainii?oii? aa?aoe?? aoaea
ni?eyoe ?noioia aeiiii?y ?ano?n?a. Ii/eiath/e c 2005 ?ieo, ia
aeicaoeiaee e?oaeao, ui canoiniaothoueny — aei 35%.

Caaaeueiina?oiaith oaiaeaioe??th ?icaeoeo aa?aia?ea ? eiai iiiaeaiiy ia
aac? aa?ii?ee iiaiai iieie?iiy, eiee aaea?oueny i?eioeeiiai ae??oeoe
iia? caaea/? aeey /ioe?ueio a?oi ae?iaiee?a: aenieoaoaio?a, ae?iaiee?a
A?, iinoa/aeueiee?a ? ?ic?iaiee?a aa?ii?ee, i?aai?a na?oeo?eaoe?? ia
AEOe IN. I?e oeueiio ia?aaeaa/a?oueny caaacia/eoe ianooii? iiaeeeaino?:
noai?eoe a?aeiiaino?ee? no?oeoo?e aa?ii?ee; oi?o?eoaaoe
caaaeueiie?oaeiaa iaeaaeiaiiy; cae?enieoe ?ioaa?aoe?th ooieoe?e, ?o
?icae?eaiiy; caaacia/eoe oe?e?ni?noue, iiaeeea?noue ?aeiio?ao?aoe??;
ao?eioaaoe a?aeiiae i?e ?iaio?, ui «i?iaeiaaeothoueny «.

?aca?aoaaiiy no?oeoo? aa?ii?ee ? no?aoaa?? ?o aenieoaoaoe?? aenooiathoue
caniaii ??oaiiy caaea/? SYMBOL 174 \f «Symbol» \s 9 ®
? iniiaiith i?iaeaiith aa?aoe?? SYMBOL
174 \f «Symbol» \s 9 ® ye caaea/ ciai?oiueiai
eiioo?o. O ?iaio? noi?iiaaia noeoii?noue iaoiae?a nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo
a ?aae?caoe?? a?aeiiaino?eeeo no?oeoo? AI ? aa?ii?ee ia aoaiao AEOe.

«Aea?aai» iaoe i?iaeaie «I?aeaeuaiiy nenoaiii? oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ii?
aoaeoeaiino? ia?niaeoeaii? IN c aa?ii?eith ia aac? IMA ia AEOe» (iae. 1)
aeicaieeei aeaeiiiicoaaoe i?iaeaio i?e aeei?enoaii? nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo
aei iao?, i?aeiaoe, iaoiaee, iiaeae?, caaaeaiiy, ui aeicaieeei
«?ica’ycaoe» neaai no?oeoo?iaaio nenoaio ? i?ioeane a i?e. Aecia/ai?
eaoaai???, ye? aea?aei? ii a?aeiioaiith aei ?ioaa?aoe??
a?aeiiaino?eeino? ? iiaeoeueiino?. A iniiao e?eoa??th i?iaeooaaiiy
iiaeiai aooe anoaiiaeaiee i?eioeei a?aeiiaino?eeino? aeey an?o ooieoe?e.
A?i aecia/a? a?o?oaeoo?o nenoaie, iaiao?aeiee ??aaiue a?aeiiaino?eeino?,
a oaeiae nai? nenoaie, iaea?eueo iaiao?aei? aeey ?ioaa?aoe??.
Eiino?oeoe?y nenoai aeniei? oe?e?niino? cae?enith? caian
ooieoe?iiaeueiiai ?aca?aoaaiiy, eiee i?e iaaeiionoeiino? iaeeie/ii?
a?aeiiae ooieoe?y caa??aa?oueny. Aeey ooieoe?? aeniei? aioiaiino? a
eiino?oeoe?? iiaeiai i?iaiaeeoenue ?aoaeueiee iiooe eiii?ii?no i?ae
aa?o?noth ca?eueoaiiy /enea aeaiaio?a ? aa?o?noth caaaeueii? ao?aoe
?iaioe ooieoe??. Iiaia a?aeiiaino?ee?noue ia IMA iiaea aooe
iaaoaeoeaiith ? iacao?aaoaaiith; aoaeoeai?noue a?ae iaiiaiiai
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy i?eioeeio a?aeiiaino?eeino? (i?e i?iaeooaaii?) iiaea
aeyaeoeny aenieiaoaeoeaiith. Eiio?ieai?eaeaoi?noue ?
?aiiioii?eaeaoi?noue — eeth/ia? /eiieee i?e ai?iaaaeaeaii? IMA, eiee
noai?ththoueny iioaioe?ei? aeiiii?/i? aeaiaee ca ?aooiie OI ? i?aeo?eiea
iaeaaeiaiiy a ni?aaiiio oaoi?/iiio noai? (ii ARINC 651 oa?i?i oaeiai
noaio noaiiaeoue 15000 aiaeei). Iniiaiee eiiaioa? aa?ae?i?e — i?yeeo OI
iica iniiaiith aacith. Iniiaiei e?eoa???i nenoaiii? oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ii?
aoaeoeaiino? IN c aa?ii?eith i?eeiyoa aa?o?noue iiaiiai AEOe, oiaoi
ia?aeiia aa?o?noue IN aai ia?aeiia aa?o?noue aieiae?iiy ia AEOe. ??
neeaaeia?: ia?aeiia aa?o?noue IN, aa?o?noue aenieoaoaoe?? ? OI,
aa?o?noue aei?iaie.

«Aea?aai» iaoe i?iaeaie: I?aeaeuaiiy iaae?eiino? ooieoe?iiaeueieo nenoai
c aa?ii?eith ? e?ioeaai? eaiee a aaciaoe? iieueio?a: «ae?iaae — IN»
(iae.2) aaco?oueny ia no/anieo oyaeaiiyo i?i ?ioi?iaoe?ei? oaoiieia??,
IOAe ii ae?iaieoeoao iieueio?a ? iiaeo iiaeeeainoyo IN c aa?ii?eith.

:

— eiia??iino? a?aeiia?aeii: a?aeiiaino?eeino? ?iaioe aa?ii?ee;
iaiiiaaeaiiy IN ? aa?ii?ee a oiiae iaaacia/ieo ciai?oi?o aieea?a
(aeeao/?noue); ooieoe?iioaaiiy a?aaoe/ii? nenoaie «ae?iaaea — IN»; i,.
.b -. aeaee aieea?a ae?e ia neeaaeia? iaae?eiino?.

A?aeiiaiaaciaea ? aeii?ioth/ei /eiieeii — iieacieee iaae?eiino?
ooieoe?iioaaiiy, ui aieiae?? aeanoeainoyie ?ai?acaioaoeaiino?,
?ioaa?aoe?? ? oe?e?niino? aeeiiaiiy ooieoe?e IN ? nenoai. Aiia, aoaeo/e
eiiieaeniei iieacieeii iaae?eiino? ? aoaeoeaiino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy
nenoaie «ae?iaae — IN», ciaoiaeeoueny ia ??ai? i?iaeaie — oe?e?
aeine?aeaeaiue. Ia ??ai? i?aei?iaeaie ciaoiaeyoueny aeanoeaino?:
a?aeiiaino?ee?noue, aeeao/?noue, iieacieee iaae?eiino? nenoaie «ae?iaae
— IN», «ae?iaae — aa?ii?ea», «ae?iaae-aa?aoe?eia iaeaaeiaiiy». Ia
ae?oaiio ??ai? i?iaeaie — oi?ioaaiiy iieaciee?a iaae?eiino?, ye?
aecia/athoue iaoaiaoe/io ? o?ce/io ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? (ii IOAe). Ia
o?aoueiio ??ai? i?iaeaie — oi?ioaaiiy iaoiaeee, iiaeaeae, aeai?eoi?a,
i?ia?ai, ye? aecia/athoue aeania iieacieee iaae?eiino? neeaaeath/eo
eaiie: aia?aoo?e ? i?ia?aiiiai caaacia/aiiy.

.

Iniiaiei e?eoa???i, i?e oiia? caaacia/aiiy aeiia aaciaee iieueio?a, ?
io?eiaiiy iaeneiaeueieo aeiiii?/ieo aeaiae ii an?o aoaiao AEOe, aac
ia?aaaae ie?aiei aoaiai.

???a?o?/io no?oeoo?o iine?aeiaiiai aeeiiaiiy caaaeaiiy aeey aeinyaiaiiy
iaoe Oen c iiceoe?e nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo iiaeia i?aaenoaaeoe nenoaiith
??aiyiue:

(3)

.

Oi?iae?caoe?y caaea/ nenoaiith iioei?caoe?? cae?enith?oueny c
aeei?enoaiiyi nenoaiii? iiaeae? — aaaaoioe?eueiai? nenoaie i?aeoe?eae:

I?ioeaaeo?a aeaeiiiiceoe?? noai?a nenoaie iiaea aooe iiaeaia a?aoii
aea?aaiaeaeiiai oeio.

— noai EAeN ? IN, a?aeiia?aeieo oiiaai iieueioo, a oiio /ene? a
iniaeeaeo aeiaaeeao: ii?iaeueiiio, oneeaaeiaieie oiiaaie iieueioo,
neeaaeii? neooaoe??, aaa??eiiio ? eaoano?io?/iiio

Ceioac (3) ye ??oaiiy caaea/? ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? iieyaa? a oiio, ui
iiaoaiia iiaeaeue I iaaeeaea?oueny aei i?ioean?a ooieoe?iioaaiiy nenoaie
S a i?ioean? /ano M SYMBOL 174 \f «Symbol» \s 9 ® S aeayei?
aeai?eoi?/ii? iioei?caoe??.

Canoinoaaiiy iaoiae?a ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? ?aae?cothoue ?io? iaoiaee
iine?aeiaieo ia?aoiae?a a?ae iiaeae? aei iiaeae?.

Iniiai? i?eioeeie nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo aei iaa?oiooaaiiy a?aeiiaino?eeeo
no?oeoo? AI ? aa?ii?ee no/anii? ? ia?niaeoeaieo IN cia/iith i??ith
noi?iiaai? a ?iaioao Ai?iaeiaa A.I., Oei/aiei A.A., Eaaeiaoey I.?. oa
?io. aaoi??a, a oaeiae i?noyoueny a IOAe ARINC 651, eiino?oeoi?nuee?e
aeieoiaioaoe?? AeNOO 3589-97.

O aeena?oaoe?? ?ic?iaeaiee i?aai?caoe?eii-oaoi?/iee ? oaoiieia?/i?e
aacen EANO, ui i?aaenoaaey? noeoii?noue aoai?a.

I?aeaeuaiiy a?aeiiaino?eeino? no?oeoo? AI aa?ii?ee cae?enith?oueny
oi?ioaaiiyi «aea?aaa» e?eoa???a nenoaiii? aoaeoeaiino? aa?ii?ee ia AEOe
aeey ?ice?eooy aioo??oi?o aeanoeainoae (iae.4).

Nenoaii? e?eoa??? a?aoiaothoue o?e aniaeoe aeiia: aei yeino? i?ioean?a,
aei ?ano?n?a, aei aeeiai?ee i?ioean?a ia aoaiao AEOe. Aeei?enoaiiy ?ia?o
aeaaeai?e?a A.I.Aeooeiaa, A.N.I?oaeaae/a, A.E.Aieeiae/a, A.A.Oei/aiei
aeicaieeei noi?ioaaoe nenoaii? aeiiae ia ??ai?: yeino? i?ioean?a,
?ano?n?a, aeeiai?ee.

— noeoii?noue aeanoeainoae (EOO, AOO) aa?ii?ee ? AI.

2. Aeiiae aei ?ano?n?a

.

3. Aeiiae aei aeeiai?ee i?ioean?a i?iaeooaaiiy (/ano i?iaeooaaiiy)

— /an aeeiiaiiy iia?aoe?? i?e aa??aio? no?oeoo?e a c A;

— o?oaeii?noe?noue ia aeeiiaiiy iia?aoe?? a i?e aa??aio? ? c
A(?)no?oeoo?e aeai?eoio a.

Iaiaaeaiiyie i?e nenoaii?e iioei?caoe?? aenooiathoue ?ano?ne (oaoi?/i?
? iaoiaee/i?): ii iia?aoe?yo; ii iaai?o ooieoe?iiae?a, iia?aoi??a ?
no?oeoo? aeai?eoi?a; oiiaao ooieoe?iioaaiiy; eia?ee ?iaioe AI ? aa?ii?ee
? oiia ocaiaeaeaiino? no?oeoo? aeai?eoi?a ? eia?ee caaea/.

Iinoaiiaea caaea/? nenoaiii? iioei?caoe?? a ooieoe?? i?aaeeeao.

.

Caaaeueia oiiaa nenoaiii? iioei?caoe?? ia? aeaeyae

E?eoa??e ? ocaaaeueiaiith nenoaiiith aeiiaith aei oeaeueiaeo iieaciee?a
? ?ano?n?a EANO, ui noai?th?oueny.

Iaiaaeaiee i?ino?? — aen?/aiee ia?aeai?iaae aecia/a? aioo??oi?
aeanoeaino? nenoai ? eiiieaen?a aa?ii?ee ? AI c oe?eueiaith ooieoe??th
?? aenieoaoaoe?? a iaeaooiueiio (iae. 4).

a?aeiia?aeathoue ??aiyi iniaeeaeo eueioieo neooaoe?e (OOI, NN, AN, EN)
ii ie?aiiio aai noeoiiiio aoaeoo.

A ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “Iaoiaee ? iiaeae? caaacia/aiiy ??ai?a ?aca?aoaaiiy
e?i?eieo eia?ei-aeeiai?/ieo nenoai aa?ii?ee ? aa?aoe?eiiai iaeaaeiaiiy»
i?iaaaeaiee aiae?c iaoiae?a ? cania?a i?aai?caoe?? a?aeiiaino?eeeo
no?oeoo? AI ? aa?ii?ee oeyoii eiio?ieth, naiieio?ieth ? eiiooaoe??
?aca?a?a e?eoe/ieo ooieoe?e IN.

aecia/a?oueny ae?acii:

— ?iia??i?noue iiyae IIN aiane?aeie a?aeiia aeaiaio?a nenoaie aei aai a
i?ioean? cai?ie «aaaeo/iai» aeieo (eaiaeo), oiaoi iiyaa a?aeiiae
aaaeo/iai» eaiaeo, ui ia eiio?ieth?oueny ? ooai?aiiy IIN, iiyaa IIN
aiane?aeie a?aeiiae «aaaeo/iai» aeieo a ia??iae i?ae eiio?ieai (yeui
eiio?ieue ia??iaee/iee) ? ia?e?oaaiiy iane?aee?a a?aeiia, a oaeiae
a?aeiia nenoai eiio?ieth ? eiiooaoe??;

— ?iia??i?noue iiae??, ui oeeaaea?oueny a ia?aeeth/ai? «aaaeo/iai»
aeieo ia aeie ?aca?ao;

— ?iia??i?noue oiai, ui ca /an t c ?aca?ao a?aeiiaeyoue K aeie?a
(eaiae?a).

:

? i?eeiyoe iaeneiaeuei? coneeey ii aeeeth/aiith a?aeiia, ui ia
eiio?ieththoueny.

oa?aeoa?iee ae?ac:

O ?iaio? ?icaeyaeathoueny ia?o? aeaa ??ai? ???a?o??.

Aei iniiaieo aeae?a ?aca?aoaaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueieo nenoai a?aeiinyoueny:
no?oeoo?iee ?aca?a, ia?aiao?e/ia, ooieoe?iiaeueia, ?ioi?iaoe?eia;
a?aaoe/ia ?aca?aoaaiiy, a oaeiae ?io? aeaee, oa?aeoa?i? aeey
ooieoe?iioaaiiy.

O a?aei?ii?noue a?ae iai?yieo iaoiae?a ioe?iee i?yi? iaoiaee
aeicaieythoue ae??oeoe ianooii? caaea/?.

1. Aeey aoaio i?iaeooaaiiy — iaa?oiooaaoe aea?? no?oeoo? NAO ?
ia?aaeaa/eoe iaiao?aei? (aea?o?iaeuei?) ?aca?ae, ui caaacia/othoue,
ii-ia?oa, aeeiiaiiy aeiia ii?i eueioii? i?eaeaoiino?, ii-ae?oaa,
noai?eoe iaiao?aeio oaoiieia?/io, oaoi?/io, aenieoaoaoe?eio ?
?ioi?iaoe?eio aaco aeey iiaeaeueoiai ?? oaeineiiaeaiiy ? ?icaeoeo.

2. Aeey aoaio na??eiiai ae?iaieoeoaa (IN ? aa?ii?ee) ciaeoe i?eeiyoi?
??oaiiy i?e onoaiiaoe? NAO ia IN c o?aooaaiiyi iiaeeeaeo «i?aeiaaoaeia»
?o aeanoeainoae ? ia?iaoe? iaeaaeiaiiy «i?ae no?oiii».

3. Aeey aoaio aenieoaoaoe?? iaiao?aeii noi?ioaaoe eiiieaen iaoiaee/ieo ?
oaoi?/ieo cania?a aeey caaea/ ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? ON (ia oi?iao OI??),
i?iaaaeaiiy i?ioeaaeo? a?aeiiaeaiiy ON aei i?iaeoiiai ??aiy.

4. Aeey i?aai?a na?oeo?eaoe?? ii aoaiao AEOe iiaeiai aooe noi?iiaaiee
eiiieaen aeieaciai? aeieoiaioaoe?? aeey ??oaiiy eiiieaeno caaea/
aecia/aiiy a?aeiia?aeiino? ii?iai eueioii? i?eaeaoiino?.

Noi?iiaaiee ocaaaeueiaiee iieaciee yeino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy EAeN AI,
caniiaaiee ia ?iaioao i?io. A.I.Ai?iaeiaa.

Aiae?oe/ii /anoeiaee e?eoa??e yeino? aecia/a?oueny ae?acii

Noi?iiaai? iieacieee yeino? iathoue aeaeyae

I?e aaoiiaoeciaaieo ?ic?aooieao iaeanoae aaca?aeiiaii? ?iaioe (IA?)
«NAOI — IN» iaiao?aeii ci?ieoe oi?io iiaeaiiy a?aie/ieo oiia, a ioe?iea
yeino? NAO cae?enith?oueny ii ocaaaeueiaiiio iieacieeo yeino? ??aiiio

Ocaaaeueiaiee e?eoa??e yeino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy c iaoith iaoaiaoe/ii?
ei?aeoiino? i?aaenoaaey? niaith e?eoa??e yeino? ioeueoeieeeaoeaiiai
oa?aeoa?o. Ocaaaeueiaiee iieaciee yeino? ye e?eoa??e aoaeoeaiino?
ooieoe?iioaaiiy ? i??ith, ui aecia/a? iaeanoue aaca?aeiiaii? ?iaioe ?
a?aeiiaieo noai?a.

Aeey iaeanoae aaca?aeiiaii? ?iaioe

aeey iai?aoeacaeaoieo (a?aeiiaieo) noai?a

(10)

ae a i?inoi?? ia?aiao??a nenoaie

 ,

Ooieoe?y Oaa?naeaea aeey iiiaeeie cia/aiue a i?inoi??

, aecia/a?oueny eia?/iei ae?acii:

.

E?eoa???i aaca?aeiiaii? ?iaioe ? oiiaa

?icaeyioo? ie?ai? aeiaaeee iiaeeeaeo noai?a nenoai.

Ooieoe?? Oya?naeaea, ui ioe?iththoue i?aoeacaeaoi?noue noaio,
aecia/athoueny eia?/ieie oiiaaie

Aecia/aiee ca’ycie i?ae iaeanoyie i?aoeacaeaoiee ? a?aeiiaieo noai?a.

i?e iaaeiionoeieo cia/aiiyo.

Ioe?iea yeino? «NAOI-IN» cae?enith?oueny ii ocaaaeueiaiiio iieacieeo
yeino? (IIE):

Canoinoaaiiy iaoaiaoe/iiai ? iai?aiaoo?iiai iiaeaethaaiiy aeicaiey?
?aeaioeo?eoaaoe caaea/o ioe?iee oaoi?/iiai noaio nenoaie «NAOI-IN» ?
yaey? niaith aaoiiaoeciaaiee a?naiae iaoiae?a ? cania?a aeine?aeaeaiiy
aeeiai?/ieo i?ioean?a a eia?ei-aeeiai?/ieo nenoaiao.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? “Iaoiaee ? iiaeae? caaacia/aiiy ??ai?a ?aca?aoaaiiy
iae?i?eieo eia?ei-aeeiai?/ieo nenoai aa?ii?ee ? AI” aeine?aeaeai?
?aeaei? nenoaie, ui noaaeaoue: ea?oaaiiy cae?eeeaie, ?oeyie, iiai?ioii
e?ee IN yeaeo?iiaoai?/iiai ? aeaeo?ia?ae?aae?/iiai oei?a. Aeinoi?inoaaie
i?a?eaenoeo iaoiae?a oi?aae?iiy aeeiiaa/eie i?eaiaeaie AO ? aa?ii?ee
yaeythoueny iiaeiino? noai?aiiy neeiaeo ?oeueiaeo i?eaiae?a c
aea?o?iaeueieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie; canoinoaaiiy aeeiiaa/eo nenoai c
?noioii-iae?i?eieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie; caaacia/aiiy aeniei?
a?aeiiaino?eeino? nenoai; i?i?iaeueii? iieueioii? ianne ? aaaa?eo?a;
iiaeeeaino? noai?aiiy iioeiaeueieo ii oaeaeeiae?? nenoai. Iaeiae,
?aeaeiei ?oeueiaei i?eaiaeai aeanoea? aaoieieeai? ?aaeeie, ye?
iiaeooue aooe aeiionoei? (IOAe) aai iaaeiionoei?. O oiiaao «oeeo?iaiai
ai?oa», aeanoeaiai aa?ii?oe?, canoinoaaiiy ia?a?eaieo iaoiae?a ea?oaaiiy
aeeiiaa/eie i?eaiaeaie ia? iniaeeaee i?aeoe/iee ?ioa?an.

.

aeey aeai?o eiao?oe??io?a ? oeio ea?oth/i? ooieoe??, ye? aecia/athoue
iayai?noue eiacath/iai ?ooo.

. Aaoieieeaaiiy aoaeooue aeaiciiieie, a ia?ao?aeiee i?ioean — aeecueeei
aei iioeiaeueiiai.

Nooue canoinoaaiiy iiaea?i?ciaaiiai iaoiaeo aa?iii?/ii? e?iaa??caoe??,
?ic?iaeaiiai i?io. ?aa?iia?/ai E.A., caeeth/a?oueny a oiio, ui iaoiae
iiaoaeiae ia?aaeaa/a? i?e i?eeiyoeo i?eiouaiyo (iaeee aieea aeueo
aa?iii?e ia aeoiae? iae?i?eiiai aeaiaioa ia aeanoeaino? nenoaie;
iayai?noue a nenoai? o??? /anoioe, yea ? ia aoiae?) a nenoai? ia aeoiae?
ia iiaeiii aeieeiooe aaoieieeaaiue, oiaoi aiia iiaeiia aooe no?eeith.
*anoioio oa?aeoa?enoeeo caieiaii? nenoaie iiaeia aoaeoaaoe oiae?, eiee
a?aenooiy oi/ea ia?aoeio oaciai? o?a?eoi??? e?i?eii? nenoaie c oaciaith
a?aieoeath no?eeino?.

INIIAI? ?ACOEUeOAOE AeINE?AeAEAIUe ? AENIIAEE

1. Iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiue c iiceoe?e nenoaiiiai
i?aeoiaeo, ?nioth/eo oaiaeaioe?e ? iae?eo
eueioii-aenieoaoaoe?eii-oaoi?/ieo, iaae?ei?nieo, aeiiii?/ieo
oa?aeoa?enoee ? aeiia aaciaee iieueio?a ? noi?iiaaia noeoii?noue
iaoiae?a nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo a ?aae?caoe?? a?aeiiaino?eeeo no?oeoo? AI
? aa?ii?ee ia aoaiao AEOe.

2. Ia iniia? iaoiaeieia?? nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo noi?iiaai? «aea?aaa»
oe?eae ?yaeo i?iaeai ii i?aeaeuaiith nenoaiii? oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ii?
aoaeoeaiino?, a?aeiiaino?eeino? aa?ii?ee ? AI.

I?iaeaie iathoue aaaeeeaa iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy a iaeano?
?ic?iaee, ai?iaaaeaeaiiy, aenieoaoaoe?? ? na?oeo?eaoe?? aa?ii?ee ? IN ?
ae??ooaaeeny aia?oa.

3. Noi?iiaai? i?aai?caoe?eii-oaoi?/iee ? oaoiieia?/iee aacen EANO ia
iniia? ?ice?eooy aioo??oi?o aeanoeainoae i?iaeaie i?aeaeuaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? a?aeiiaino?eeeo no?oeoo? ? nenoai:

«ae?iaae -IN» ? «aa?ii?ea (AI) — IN» ? «aea?aai» e?eoa???a nenoaiii?
aoaeoeaiino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy «ae?iaae-IN»

4. Ia iniia? aiae?co iaoiae?a ? cania?a i?aai?caoe?? a?aeiiaino?eeeo
no?oeoo? nenoai AI ? aa?ii?ee oeyoii eiio?ieth, naiieiio?ieth ?
eiiooaoe?? ?aca?a?a noi?iiaai? iaoiaeieia?/i? ? i?eeeaaei? aniaeoe
iiaoaeiae a?aeiiaino?eeeo no?oeoo? (ia i?eeeaae? AANO). Aeaia
?iia??i?nia ? noaoenoe/ia ioe?iea aoaeoeaiino? a?aeiiaino?eeeo no?oeoo?.

5. ?ice?eooy aioo??oiueiai ci?noo aeanoeainoae e?i?eieo ? ?noioii-
iae?i?eieo eia?ei-aeeiai?/ieo nenoai AI ? aa?ii?ee aeey caaea/
i?aeaeuaiiy a?aeiiaino?eeino? ?o no?oeoo? cae?eniaii (ia i?eeeaaeao
nenoai «NAOI-IN» ?oeueiaeo i?eaiae?a aaoii?eio?a, nenoai ea?oaaiiy
cae?eeeaie) iaoiaeaie ia?aiao?e/iiai ?aca?aoaaiiy. Iaa?oioiaaii
aeei?enoaiiy iaoiaeo i?yieo ioe?iie ia iniia? ocaaaeueiaiiai iieacieea
yeino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy.

6. I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy c ?ic?iaeith iaoaiaoe/ieo, iaoo?ieo
iiaeaeae ? canoinoaaiiyi no/anieo iaoiae?a (iaoiae aaaaoieenoiai?
oaciai? ieiueie ? aaaaoii??iiai i?inoi?o, iiaea?i?ciaaiee iaoiae
aa?iii?/ii? e?iaa??caoe??) ?aeaeieo ?oeueiaeo i?eaiae?a c o?aooaaiiyi
oa?aeoa?ieo iae?iaeiinoae: oa?oy, «ethoo» a ia?aaea/? aeey ??cieo
niinia?a ei?aeoe?? (iine?aeiaiiai, aeeaieiai aei?noeiai a?ae’?iiiai
cai?ioiiai ca’yceo). Aeyaeai? iniaeeaino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?aeaeieo
i?eaiae?a.

7. Ia iniia? i?aeoiae?a ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea iaa?oiooaaiiy ??aiy
ia?aiao?e/iiai ?aca?aoaaiiy a?aeiiaino?eeeo ?aeaeieo ?oeueiaeo
i?eaiae?a.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaai? a ?iaioao:

1. Iaeeaae I.I., Aaoeo I?eaiaeo AEica, Aeue Eaaaia Aeiai. Iaiauaiea
iiuoa yenieoaoaoeee aaeiieee no?ai Aeeaeiaai Ainoiea. Iaoa?. IIIE
«Iaania/aiea aaciianiinoe iie?oia a iiauo yeiiiie/aneeo oneiaeyo». – E.:
EIO AA, 1997, 249 — 250 n.

2. Iaeeaae I.I., Aaoeo I?eaiaeo AEica, Aeue Eaaaia Aeiai. Iaoiaeieiaey
oi?ie?iaaiey iaiauaiiiai iieacaoaey ea/anoaa eiaeei-aeeiaie/aneeo nenoai
aaeaoeeiiiiai iai?oaeiaaiey. Ca. iaoe. i?aoeue, «aei.3 Nenoaii?
iaoiaee ea?oaaiiy, oaoiieia?y oa i?aai?caoe?? ae?iaieoeoaa, ?aiiioo ?
aenieoaoaoe?? aaoiiia?e?a». — E.: OOO, OAO, 1997, 155-156 n.

3. Iaeeaae I.I., Aaoeo I?eaiaeo AEica, Aeue Eaaaia Aeiai, Ai?iaue?ia
A.A. Eaeaioeoeeaoeey ?aaioiniiniaiuo e aacioeaciuo ninoiyiee NAO AN a
oneiaeyo EANO aaeai?aaei?eyoee. Ca. iaoe. i?aoeue, «aei.3 Nenoaii?
iaoiaee ea?oaaiiy, oaoiieia?y oa i?aai?caoe?y ae?iaieoeoaa, ?aiiioo ?
aenieoaoaoe?? aaoiiia?e?a». — E.: OOO, OAO, 1997, 157-158 n.

4. Aeue Eaaaia Aeiai. Iainiiaaiea iaoiaea i?yiuo ioeaiie ea/anoaa
ooieoeeiie?iaaiey eiaeei-aeeiaie/aneeo nenoai. Iaoa?eaeu IIOE
«Ay?iiaaeaaoeey e aaeiieea -98». — E.: EIO AA, 1998, 99-100n.

5. Aeue Eaaaia Aeiai, Aaoeo I?eaiaeo AEica. Oi?ie?iaaiea
iaiauaiiiai iieacaoaey ea/anoaa eiaeei-aeeiaie/aneeo nenoai. Iaoa?eaeu
IIOE «Ay?iiaaeaaoeey e aaeiieea -98». — E.: EIO AA, 1998, 99-100 n.

6. Iaeeaae I.I., Aeiai A.E. Iaiauaiea iiuoa yenieoaoaoeee aaeiieee a
oneiaeyo no?ai Aeeaeiaai Ainoiea. Iaoa?eaeu «IIOE «Ay?iiaaeaaoeey e
aaeiieea -98». — E.: EIO AA, 1998, 103-104 n.

7. Ai?iaueaa A.I., Aeaeeaeaei?a I.I., Aeiai A.E., Aeia?iai?neay TH.A.
Ea?a?oe/aneay no?oeoo?a ?aaeecaoeee «aea?aaa» oeaee i?iaeaiu:
«Iiauoaiea nenoaiiie yooaeoeaiinoe ioeacionoie/eauo no?oeoo? AI e
aaeiieee». Ca. iaoe. i?aoeue, «aei.5 Nenoaii? iaoiaee ea?oaaiiy,
oaoiieia?y oa i?aaiacaoe?y ae?iaieoeoaa, ?aiiioo a aenieoaoaoe??
aaoiiiaae?a». — E.: OOO, OAO, 1998, 164-172 n.

8. Aeiai A.E., Aaoeo I.AE., Ai?iaue?a A.A. I?aaiecaoeeiiii-oao-ie/aneee
e oaoiieiae/aneee aacen nicaeaiey EANO aaeai?aaei?eyoee. Ca. iaoe.
i?aoeue, «aei.5 Nenoaii? iaoiaee ea?oaaiiy, oaoiieia?y oa i?aaiacaoe?y
ae?iaieoeoaa, ?aiiioo ? aenieoaoaoe?? aaoiiia?e?a». — E.: OOO, OAO,
1998, 142-147 n.

9. Ai?iaue?a A.I., Aeaeeaeaei?a I.I., Aeiai A.E., Aeia?iai?neay TH.A.
Iiauoaiea nenoaiiie yooaeoeaiinoe ioeacionoie/eauo no?oeoo? aaeiieee
ia?niaeoeaiuo AN. Ca. iaoe. i?aoeue, «aei.5 Nenoaii? iaoiaee ea?oaaiiy,
oaoiieia?y oa i?aaiacaoe?y ae?iaieoeoaa, ?aiiioo ? aenieoaoaoe??
aaoiiiaae?a». — E.: OOO, OAO, 1998, 159-164 n.

AIIOAOe?ss

Aeue Eaaaia Aeiai. Iaoiaee ? iiaeae? iaa?oiooaaiiy a?aeiiaino?eeeo
no?oeoo? aa?aoe?eiiai iaeaaeiaiiy ? aa?ii?ee.

?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.22.14-aenieoaoaoe?y iia?o?yiiai o?ainii?oo. –
Ee?anueeee i?aeia?iaeiee oi?aa?neoao oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??, Oe?a?ia,
Ee?a, 1999 ?.

?iaioa iai?aaeaia ia i?aeaeuaiiy nenoaiii? aoaeoeaiino? oa
a?aeiiaino?eeeo no?oeoo? aa?aoe?eiiai iaeaaeiaiiy ? aa?ii?ee ia
ia?ao?aeiiio aoai? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?ioaa?aeueieo iiaeoeueieo eiino?oeoe?e
ia oeie IN. Oaia aeeiioaaeanue ca i?ioaiiyi ea??aieoeoaa aa?aeiiiai??
Aaeo Aa? (IAA) ? ?i?aeai??. Ia iniia? nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo noi?iiaaia
noeoii?noue iaoiae?a, iiaeaeae, iaoiaeee, aeai?eoi?a caaacia/aiiy
aeniei? a?aeiiaino?eeino? ooieoe?iiaeueieo nenoai IN a oiiaao
i?ia?aiiaaii? aenieoaoaoe?? ia aac? ?ANO aa?ai?aei?e?inoa ia aeeoo?aiio
oeeee?.

O i?eeeaaeieo caaea/ao iaa?oiooaaiiy a?aeiiaino?eeeo no?oeoo?
aeine?aeaeoaaeeny e?i?ei? oa nooo?ai-iae?i?ei? nenoaie ea?oaaiiy ?oeyie,
cae?eeeaie IN aeaeo?iiaoai?/iiai oa aeaeo?ia?ae?aae?/iiai oei?a.

Eeth/ia? neiaa nenoaiia aoaeoeai?noue, a?aeiiaino?ee?noue, aa?ii?ea,
i?ia?aiiaaia aenieoaoaoe?y, ocaaaeueiaiee iieaciee yeino?.

AIIIOAOeEss

Aeue Eaaaia Aeiai. Iaoiaeu e iiaeaee iainiiaaiey ioeacionoie/eauo
no?oeoo? aaeaoeeiiiiai iai?oaeiaaiey e aaeiieee. ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/?iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.22.14 – yenieoaoaoeey aicaeooiiai o?ainii?oa, —
Eeaaneee iaaeaeoia?iaeiue oieaa?neoao a?aaeaeaineie aaeaoeee, 1999 a.

?aaioa iai?aaeaia ia iiauoaiea nenoaiiie yooaeoeaiinoe e iainiiaaiea
ioeacionoie/eauo no?oeoo? aaeaoeeiiiiai iai?oaeiaaiey e aaeiieee ia aaca
nicaeaiey EANO ?ac?aaaouaathueo e yenieoaoaoeeiiiuo aaeai?aaei?eyoee e
i?eioeeiia i?ia?aiie?iaaiiie yenieoaoaoeee. I?eiaiaiea iiauo
eioi?iaoeeiiiuo oaoiieiaee, i?aaiecaoeeiiii-oaoie/aneeo ia?ii?eyoee,
i?ia?aiiii-oaoie/aneeo eiiieaenia e nia?aiaiiuo iaoiaeia e n?aaenoa
iiaeaioiaee eiaeaia?ii-oaoie/aneeo e e?oiuo yeeiaaeae i?e aiaae?aiee
aaeiieee ia ia?niaeoeaiuo AN iicaieyao iieo/eoue iiaua ea/anoaaiiua
iiauoaiey aaciianiinoe iie?oia e yooaeoeaiinoe AN ia aeeciaiiii oeeeea.
Ainoaea?noaaiiia cia/aiea ?aaiou ninoieo a oii, /oi ia yoaia ianniaiai
aiaae?aiey aaeiieee ia aaca IMA a? aeinoieinoaa iiaoo auoue ?aaeeciaaiu
ia iniiaa nenoaiiuo iaoiaeia a caaea/ao iiauoaiey nenoaiiie
yooaeoeaiinoe e ioeacionoie/eainoe /a?ac EANO e i?ia?aiie?iaaiioth
yenieoaoaoeeth.

?ac?aaioaiu iaoiaeieiae/aneea, oai?aoe/aneea e i?eeeaaeiua iniiau ii
iainiiaaieth ioeacionoie/eauo no?oeoo? AI e aaeiieee, a oii /enea ia
ia?aoiaeiuo yoaiao aiaae?aiey aaeiieee. Iaoiaeieiae/aneea aniaeou
?aoaiey caaea/ oi?ie?othony ia iniiaa niaieoiiinoe “aea?aaueaa” oeaeae
?yaea i?iaeai:

“Iiauoaiea nenoaiiie oaoieei-yeiiiie/aneie yooaeoeaiinoe ia?niaeoeaiuo
AN n aaeiieeie ia aaca IMA ia AEOe”;

“Iiauoaiea iaae?aeiinoe ooieoeeiiaeueiuo nenoai n aaeiieeie e eiia/iiai
caaia a aaciianiinoe iie?oia “yeeiaae – AN”;

“Iiauoaiea nenoaiiie yooaeoeaiinoe ioeacionoie/eauo no?oeoo?
ia?niaeoeaiuo AN”;

“Aea?aaa” e?eoa?eaa nenoaiiie yooaeoeaiinoe ooieoeeiie?iaaiey AI e
aaeiieee”.

Yoe ?acoeueoaou iicaieeee oii?yaei/eoue neaaino?oeoo?e?iaaiiua nenoaiu e
au?aaioaoue iao/iua i?eioeeiu eo ?aoaiey.

Noi?ie?iaai i?aaiecaoeeiiii-oaoie/aneee e oaoiieiae/aneee aacen EANO
aaeai?aaei?eyoee, ?aaeecothuee naie i?eioeeiu ia iniiaa
i?ia?aiie?iaaiiie yenieoaoaoeee.

?ac?aaioaiu iaoaiaoe/aneea iiaeaee ioeaiee ea/anoaa ooieoeeiie?iaaiey
eeiaeiuo e nouanoaaiii-iaeeiaeiuo ?oeaauo i?eaiaeia AN (aa?iyoiinoiua,
noaoe/aneea, aeaoa?ieie?iaaiiua). Ia iniiaa aiaeeca iaoiaeia e n?aaenoa
i?aaiecaoeee ioeacionoie/eauo no?oeoo? nenoai AI e aaeiieee ioo?i
eiio?iey, naiieiio?iey e eiiiooaoeee ?aca?aia noi?ie?iaaiu
iaoiaeieiae/aneea e i?eeeaaeiua aniaeou iino?iaiey ioeacionoie/eauo
no?oeoo?. Aeaia aa?iyoiinoiay e noaoenoe/aneay ioeaiea yooaeoeaiinoe
ioeacionoie/eauo no?oeoo?. Iieo/aiu aiaeeoe/aneea caaeneiinoe
aa?iyoiinoae aicieeiiaaiey iniiaiuo iie?oiuo neooaoeee i?e ?acee/iuo
aeaeao ioeacia.

?ac?aaioaiu iaoiaeeee oi?ie?iaaiey iaiauaiiiai iieacaoaey ea/anoaa
ooieoeeiie?iaaiey eiaeei-aeeiaie/aneeo nenoai e ii?aaeaeaiu iniaaiiinoe
ooieoeeiie?iaaiey nouanoaaiii iaeeiaeiuo EAeN. Aeey –?oeaauo ?aeaeiuo
i?eaiaeia i?aaeeiaeaia iaoiaeeea niaeaniaaiey naienoa i?eaiaea ni
naienoaaie iauaeoa oi?aaeaiey. ?ac?aaioaia iaoiaeeea iainiiaaiey o?iaiy
ia?aiao?e/aneiai ?aca?ae?iaaiey ioeacionoie/eauo ?aeaeiuo ?oeaauo
i?eaiaeia, aace?othuayny ia i?eiaiaieyo ?acoeueoaoia iaoiaea i?yiuo
ioeaiie EAeN.

?ac?aaioaiu e i?iaaaeaiu enneaaeiaaiey ia iaoaiaoe/aneeo, iaoo?iuo e
iieoiaoo?iuo iiaeaeyo n i?eiaiaieai nia?aiaiiuo iaoiaeia (iaoiae
iiiaieenoiie –oaciaie ieineinoe e iiiaiia?iiai i?ino?ainoaa,
iiaea?iece?iaaiiue iaoiae aa?iiie/aneie eeiaa?ecaoeee, aa?iyoiinoiua e
noaoenoe/aneea iiaeoiaeu) eeiaeiuo e ?aeaeiuo ?oeaauo i?eaiaeia
yeaeo?iiaoaie/aneiai e yeaeo?iaeae?aaee/aneiai oeiia n o/?oii
oa?aeoa?iuo iaeeiaeiinoae (o?aiea, “ethoo” a ia?aaea/a). Auyaeaiu
iniaaiiinoe ooieoeeiie?iaaiey ?aeaeiuo nenoai (onoie/eaay ?aaioa,
iiyaeaiea aaoieieaaaiee, aicieeiiaaiea yaeaiey “nea/eiia?aciiai”
?aciiainia, eioi?ua aeiiieiytho oi?ie?iaaiea oi?aaeythueo ooieoeee e
iaiauaiiiai iieacaoaey ea/anoaa).

Noi?ie?iaaia niaieoiiinoue iaoiaeia nenoaiiiai iiaeoiaea a ?aaeecaoeee
ioeacionoie/eauo no?oeoo? AI e aaeiieee ia yoaiao AEOe. Noi?ie?iaaiu
iiaua iiiyoey eae iniiaa aeaeueiaeoaai ?acaeoey: ioeacionoie/eainoue;
noaaeeueiay ioeacionoie/eainoue; i?eaiaeiinoue ooieoeee (oeaeinoiinoue,
aioiaiinoue, ?acaeaeaiea, ainnoaiaaeeaaaiinoue); ?aca?ae?iaaiea;
?aeiioeao?aoeey; eiio?iee?oaiinoue, a oaeaea eiiieaeniua oa?aeoa?enoeee
AN e nenoai: yeaeoeiaeueiinoue (i?aaeaeueii-aeinoeaeeiua naienoaa);
ioeaciaaciianiinoue; noaaeeueiinoue ioeaciaaciianiinoe.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: nenoaiiay yooaeoeaiinoue, ioeacionoie/eainoue,
aaeiieea, i?ia?aiie?iaaiiay yenieoaoaoeey, iaiau?iiua iieacaoaeue
ea/anoaa.

SUMMARY

Al Lawama A.A. Methods and models for basis of trouble stable structures
of aviation equipment and avionics.

Thesis for Candidate of science (Engineering) by specialty 05.22.14 –
aircraft operation and maintenance. The Kyiv International University of
Civil Aviation, Ukraine, Kyiv, 1999.

The dissertation is devoted to increase the trouble stability structures
of aviation equipment and avionics on passage stage mass inculeation
integral module of GULF AIR (UAE) and Jordan.

On the basis of systematic, algorithms ensuring high trouble stability
in functional system of aircraft in condition of programmed operation on
the bases of IACS avia enterprises on the life cycle.

In applied tasks basis the trouble stable structures investigated by
liner and essential unliner systems control rudders electrical –
mechanics and electrical hydravlies types.

Keywords: systematic effectiveness, avionics, programmed operation,
trouble stability, durability.

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