I?I?NOA?NOAI INA?OE OE?A?IEAeA?AEAAIEE OI?AA?NEOAO «EUeA?ANUeEA
IIE?OAOI?EA»

Ia i?aaao ?oeiieno

?OAeEE

?iiai Ieoaeeiae/

OAeE 528.7+528.94:551.5(043.3)

IAOIAeE AeINE?AeAEAIIss ?AEUe?OO CAIII? IIAA?OI?

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 05.24.02 — oioia?aiiao??y oa ea?oia?ao?y

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

aeieoi?a oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Euea?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? ?iaeaia?ii? aaiaeac??
?iaeaia?ii-aeieia?/iiai oaeoeueoaoo ?aaii-O?aie?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo iaooe ? aaco.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

Aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? *a?aaiueia ?ai? A?eai?iae/,
Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e
nioe?aeueiiaeiiii?/ii? aaia?ao??, i?e?iaeiioi?iiiiai iaiaaeaeiaioo oa
aai?ioi?iaoeee, i.Oa?e?a;

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Iaeueiee Aieiaeeie? Ieeieaeiae/,
Aieeinueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao ?i. Ean? Oe?a?iee, caa?aeoaa/
eaoaae?e aaiaeieia??, aeaeai aaia?ao?/iiai oaeoeueoaoo, i.Eooeuee;

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Noaaio?i ?aai ?ai?iae/, Ee?anueeee
iaoe?iiaeueiee oi?aa?neoao aoae?aieoeoaa ? a?o?oaeoo?e, eaoaae?a
?iaeaia?ii? aaiaeac??, i.Ee?a.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Aeiiaoeueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao,
eaoaae?a aaiaeac??, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie, i. Aeiiaoeuee.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny..12 eenoiiaaea 1999 ?ieo i 14 aiae.

ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 35.052.13 Aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo «Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea» ca aae?anith 290646, i.
Euea?a-13, aoe. N.Aaiaea?e, 12.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue a iaoeia?e a?ae?ioaoe?
Aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo «Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea», aoe. I?ioani?nueea
1.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 28 aa?aniy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe N.A.Naa/oe

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA I?IAEAIE

Aeooaeuei?noue ? nooi?iue aeine?aeaeaiino? oaiaoeee aeena?oaoe??.

A ca’yceo c oei, ui ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e a
aaiaeace/ia ae?iaieoeoai aeiaaa? oni?oiiai ?ica’yceo caaea/, iia’ycaieo
c aiae?cii oa eeaneo?eaoe??th ?aeue?oo caiii? iiaa?oi?, a eiiieaen?
oiiia?aoi-aaiaeace/ieo ?ia?o ana a?eueoa /anoea i?eiaaea? ia
eaia?aeuei? ?iaioe, ia ?ic?iaeo aeai?eoi?a oa a?aeiia?aeieo i?ia?aiieo
cania?a. Noai?aiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eieo nenoai ni?yiiaaieo ia ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
i?ia?aiiiai, oaoi?/iiai oa oaoiieia?/iiai caaacia/aiiy aoaeoeaiiai
aeei?enoaiiy oeeo?iaeo ea?o, caaacia/aiiy i?eaaoecaoe?? caiaeueieo
ae?eyiie, aaeineiiaeaiiy aai?ioi?iaoe?eieo nenoai (A?N), caiaeueieo
?ioi?iaoe?eieo nenoai (C?N) oa caiaeueieo ?a?no?aoe?eieo nenoai (C?N) ?
aaeueie aeooaeueiei a ca’yceo c i?iaaaeaiiyi a e?a?i? ?ia?o c
i?eaaoecaoe?? caiaeueieo ae?eyiie. C 1997 ?. ii 2007 ?. ae?? I?ia?aia
noai?aiiy aaiiaoeciaaii? nenoaie aaaeaiiy aea?aeaaiiai caiaeueiiai
eaaeano?o, ui caoaa?aeaeaia iinoaiiaith Eaa?iaoo I?i?no??a Oe?a?ie a?ae
2 a?oaeiy 1997 ?. ? 1355, a ye?e aeaco?oueny, ui aaaeaiiy aea?aeaaiiai
caiaeueiiai eaaeano?o caaacia/o?oueny aeeiiaiiyi oiiia?aoi-aaiaeace/ieo,
ea?oia?ao?/ieo, a?oioiaeo oa ?ioeo ianoaaeaiue ? ?ica?aeoaaiue. A
inoaii? ?iee i?e ea?oia?aooaaii? a?oio?a ii/aa oe?iei aeei?enoiaoaaoenue
iaoiae ieanoeee ?aeue?oo. A?oioiciaaoe? anoaiiaeee oe?eaa? oiiieia?/i?
caeiiii??iino? ?icoaooaaiiy a?oioiaiai iie?eooy a caeaaeiino? a?ae
?aeue?oo.

Eiiini?th III I?aeia?iaeiiai oiaa?enoaa oioia?aiiao??? oa
aeenoaioe?eiiai ciiaeoaaiiy (IOOAeC) aenoiooa caaaeaiiy oe?ieiai
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy oai?i? ?iciiciaaaiiy ia?acia, ui eeth/a? a naaa iioeeo,
oai?ith ia?iaee iioi?iaoei? oa iioi i?eeeaaeii aeenoeeieiie. I?i
aaaeeea?noue aeacaieo caaaeaiue na?ae/eoue oi?ioethaaiiy ?o aeey
o?aouei? eii?n?? IOOAeC: Object reconstraction from digital imagery
(aeae?eaiiy ia’?eo?a c oeeo?iaiai cia?aaeaiiy) oa image understanding
(aiae?c cia?aaeaiiy).

Aeey iioeiaeueiiai nei?i/aiiy oeeo?iai? ?ioi?iaoe??, yeith iiaea?oueny
OeI?, iaiao?aeii ca aeaieie, yeeo ? a iaaeeeoeo, aecia/eoe iieiaeaiiy
no?oeoo?ieo e?i?e ?aeue?oo, aeae?eeoe oa?aeoa?i? oi?ie iiaa?oi?. A
e?oa?aoo?? a?aecia/a?oueny, ui ?aeue?o ? i?ia?aeiei aeaiaioii i?e
aeine?aeaeaii? aaieia?/ieo, aeieia?/ieo, eaiaeoaoieo ia’?eo?a ieaiaoe.
Ine?eueee ?aeue?o ? iniiaiei oa iaeoa?aeoa?i?oei eiiiiiaioii
eaiaeoaooo, oi a?i ni?ey? aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? i?e?iee?iaoo. Oiio
aaoiiaoecaoe?y i?ioeano anoaiiaeaiiy aneiao??? eaiaeoaoieo eiiiiiaio?a
aeicaiey? oaeaeei, /anoi a nenoai? ?aaeueiiai ianooaao /ano, io?eiaoe
e?euee?ni? e?eoa???, a cia/eoue ? ia’?eoeai? a?ae?iiaoai?ieia?/i?
aeai?. ?aeue?o caiii? iiaa?oi? /anoi aoaa? aecia/aeueiei oaeoi?ii i?e
aea/aii? iaaacia/ieo a?ae?iiaoai?ieia?/ieo yaeu a a??nueeeo ?aeiiao
iaoi? e?a?ie. I?i aeooaeuei?noue aea/aiiy oe??? i?iaeaie na?ae/aoue
caaaeaiiy, ui iinoaaeai? ia?aae a?aeiia?aeieie eii?n?yie IOOAeC oa
I?aeia?iaeiiai aaia?ao?/iiai oiaa?enoaa.

E??i oeueiai, ia?aae oiiia?aoi-aaiaeace/ieie neoaeaaie e?a?ie aaea
aeaaii iinoaaeaia caaaeaiiy eeaneo?eaoe?? iaaieo oei?a ?aeue?oo
oa?eoi???. Eiaeai oei ?aeue?oo iiaea a?aeiia?aeiei /eiii
a?aeia?aaeaoenue ia niaoe?aeueieo ea?oao ? io?eioaaoe iaaio eaaeano?iao
ioe?ieo. Oaea ?aeiioaaiiy oa?eoi??? e?a?ie, ye ? aaiii?oieia?/ia
?aeiioaaiiy, a oaeiae noai?aiiy a?aeiia?aeieo ea?o ? aeineoue neeaaeiei
oa ia?niaeoeaiei caaaeaiiyi, yea ua a?ey aeaaaeoeyoe ?ie?a oiio aenoioa
a?aeiiee aaiaeaceno i?io. Eaa/oe A.I. Ia’?eoeaiee ?ica’ycie caaea/? c
ioe?iee neeaaeiino? ?aeue?oo noaiiaeoue caoe?eaaeaiiy a ia?oo /a?ao a
oiiia?ao??. Oea aea?? iaae?eieo /eneiaeo e?eoa???a, ye?
oa?aeoa?ecoaaoeiooue nooi?iue ia?an?/aiino?, ai?cio?ii?th oa ?io?
ia?aiao?e ieanoeee ?aeue?oo.

?in?enueeee aaiii?oieia I.I.Eanoi/e?i a?aecia/aa, ui iaei??th c
iniiaieo i?e/ei a?aenooiino? aaaiieo oni?o?a o?ce/ii? aaia?ao?? a
iaeano? aeieia?? ? iaaeinoaoiy e?euee?noue nooo?aeo aeine?aeaeaiue a
ea?oia?aooaaii? ii?oieia?? ?aeue?oo. Naia ?aeue?o ua c /an?a
A.?.Aa?ia?aenueeiai iiaeaaaany iaai?ii ??ciiiai?oieo i?noeaiieiaeaiue
?ineeiieo oa oaa?eiieo eiiieaen?a ni?eueiio. Oiio noaaeyoueny ieoaiiy
i?i /?oea aeae?eaiiy /e iaiaaeaiiy, aecia/aiiy ? nenoaiaoecaoe?th
i?e?iaeiuei-oa?eoi??aeueieo eiiieaen?a, ui ? ia o?eueee eaiaeoaooieie, a
e aeieia?/ieie ia’?eoaie.

Noai?aiiy nenoai aaoiiaoe/iiai i?iaeooaaiiy ?iaeaia?ieo nii?oae
aeeeeea? iaiao?aei?noue aaoiiaoe/iiai ?ici?ciaaaiiy ie?aieo oi?i
?aeue?oo aeey oiai, uia ?ici?uaiiy ie?aieo nii?oae cae?enithaaeinue ia
o?eueee o a?aeiia?aeiino? aei aeaiaio?a neooaoe?? oa neeaaeiino?
?aeue?oo, a e i?enoiniaoth/enue aei iaaieo oi?i ?aeue?oo.

Aeei?enoiaoth/e iniiai? aeaiaioe oai??? ?ici?ciaaaiiy ia?ac?a, iiaeia
?ica’ycaoe aeacai? caaaeaiiy.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. 1) noai?aiiy oai?aoe/ieo iniia
aeae?eaiiy oa?aeoa?ieo e?i?e oa oi?i ?aeue?oo ca aeaieie oeeo?iai?
iiaeae?; 2) aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoiaeeee aeei?enoaiiy
ei?aeyoe?eii-niaeo?aeueiiai aiae?co aeey ioe?iee nooiaiy ia?an?/aiino?
aneiao??? oa ?ioeo ia?aiao??a ieanoeee ?aeue?oo.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy oe??? iaoe a aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? ?ica’ycai?
ianooii? caaea/?:

— cai?iiiiiaaii ? oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaaii iaoiae aeine?aeaeaiiy
?aeue?oo iiaa?oi? c aeei?enoaiiyi ne?i/aiieo ??cieoeue;

— ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo aecia/aiiy iieiaeaiiy no?oeoo?ieo e?i?e ?aeue?oo
oa iaaieo oi?i ?aeue?oo;

— noi?ioeueiaai? i?eioeeie ioe?iee nooiaiy ia?an?/aiino? oa aneiao???
?aeue?oo ca iaeiiaei??ieie ? aeaiaei??ieie ei?aeyoe?eieie oa
niaeo?aeueieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie;

— ?ic?iaeai? oai?aoe/i? aeaiaioe aiae?oe/iiai iaoiaeo caeaaeaeoaaiiy
?aeue?oo;

— ?ic?iaeaii iiaee oai?aoe/iee iai?yiie eeaneo?eaoe?? ae?eyiie
?aeue?oo ca oi?iith iiaa?oi?;

— iieacai? iai?yiee iiaeaeueoeo aeine?aeaeaiue o aaeoc? eeanoa?ecaoe??
oi?i ?aeue?oo;

— ?ic?iaeaii niin?a iiaeaethaaiiy ?aeue?oo c aeiiiiiaith ci?iii?
iioe/ii? u?eueiino?;

— cai?iiiiiaaii aiaeiaiaee i?eeaae aeey iiaeaiiy ?aeue?oo ci?iiith
iioe/iith u?euei?noth;

— cai?iiiiiaaii i?eeaae aeey aecia/aiiy iieiaeaiiy no?oeoo?ieo e?i?e
?aeue?oo;

— cai?iiiiiaaii niin?a aecia/aiiy iieiaeaiiy ii?nueeiai noaeia /e
e?oath/iai aia?aoo ca ?aeue?oii caiii? iiaa?oi?.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. A aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio?
ii?aoeueiaaii oai??th ? ?ic?iaeai? i?eioeeiiai iia? iaoiaee aecia/aiiy
iieiaeaiiy oa?aeoa?ieo e?i?e oa oi?i ?aeue?oo ca oeeo?iaith iiaeaeeth c
aeei?enoaiiyi ne?i/aiieo ??cieoeue, cai?iiiiiaaii niin?a iiaeaethaaiiy
?aeue?oo, yeee aeicaiey? io?eioaaoe eiai niaeo?aeueia cia?aaeaiiy
aiaeiaiaei iaoiaeii, noai?aii aoaeoeaiee iaoiae aeae?eaiiy ie?aieo oi?i
?aeue?oo ca aeaieie OeI? c aeei?enoaiiyi oai??? ?ici?ciaaaiiy ia?ac?a.
Ia ?ica’ycie ia?a?aoiaaieo aeua caaea/ ? ia cai?iiiiiaai? niiniae oa
i?eeaaee aaoi?ii io?eiai? aaoi?nuee? na?aeioeoaa. Noeoii?noue io?eiaieo
iaoeiaeo ?acoeueoao?a, ia?ae?e yeeo i?eaaaeaii a caeeth/i?e /anoei?
?iaioe, iiaeia eaae?o?eoaaoe ye iiaee iaoeiaee iai?yiie a aeine?aeaeaii?
?aeue?oo caiii? iiaa?oi?. Oi?ioaaiiy oeueiai iai?yieo a?aeaoaaeinue i?ae
aieeaii ?aeae A.I.Eaa/oea oa ?.A.*a?aaiueiaa. Iniiaith aeey ?icaeoeo
oeueiai iai?yieo iineoaeeei aeei?enoaiiy iniiaieo aniaeo?a oai???
ia?iaee cia?aaeaiue.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy, ui aeiinyoueny ia caoeno.

1. Oai?aoe/i? canaaee aiae?co ?aeue?oo caiii? iiaa?oi? oeaaino? ca
oeeo?iaith iiaeaeeth oa ?o i?aeoe/ia ?aae?caoe?y aeey noai?aiiy
no?oeoo?iiai ?iaa??aioo:

— ?ic?iaeai? iia? oai?aoe/i? aeaiaioe aiae?oe/iiai aeae?eaiiy
no?oeoo?ieo e?i?e ?aeue?oo;

— ?ic?iaeai? iia? oai?aoe/i? aeaiaioe aiae?oe/iiai aeae?eaiiy oi?i
caiii? iiaa?oi?.

2.Oai?aoe/ia oa aenia?eiaioaeueia ?aae?caoe?y aaoiiaoeciaaiiai
aeyaeaiiy caeiiii??iinoae ieanoeee ?aeue?oo ia iniia? iaeii- oa
aeaiaei??ieo niaeo??a, aaoiei?aeyoe?eieo ooieoe?e oa e?eaeo
ia?an?/aiino?. 3. Iiaeaethaaiiy ?aeue?oo cia?aaeaiiyi c? ci?iiith
iioe/iith u?eueiinoth, io?eiaia ca ?acoeueoaoaie aaoiiaoeciaaiiai
aiae?co ieanoeee iiaa?oi? ia’?eoa.

4. Oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/i? iniiae ?ica’yceo i?iaeaie eeaneo?eaoe?? oa
eeanoa?ecaoe?? ?aeue?oo caiii? iiaa?oi? ia oai??? ?ici?ciaaaiiy
ia?ac?a:

5. Eiioeaiooaeuei? iiaeae? i?eeaae?a ? niinia?a aiae?co oa a?aeoai?aiiy
?aeue?oo: i?oioioii?iaeoi?; aeeoa?aioe?aeueiee oioio?ainoi?iaoi?; niin?a
iiaeaethaaiiy ?aeue?oo; niin?a aecia/aiiy iieiaeaiiy e?oath/eo aia?ao?a
oa ii?nueeeo noaeai ca ?aeue?oii i?noeaaino?.

Oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue aeine?aeaeaiue iieyaa? a ianooiiiio:

— ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaee ?ici?ciaaaiiy oa aeae?eaiiy iaaieo oi?i ?aeue?oo
iiaeooue aooe canoiniaai? ia o?eueee a oiiia?ao?? i?e a?aeia?aaeaii?
?aeue?oo c aeiiiiiaith ai?eciioaeae, oiaoi aeey iie?auaiiy ii?oieia?/ieo
oa ii?oiiao?e/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee, a e i?e aaoiiaoe/iiio i?iaeooaaii?
?iaeaia?ieo nii?oae, iniaeeai i?e aeai?? i?noeue iaooiaeo naa?aeeiaei,
ia yeeo iiaeeea? aaa??ei? neooaoe?? c aeeeaeii eiiiiiaio?a-caa?oaeiee?a.
E??i oeueiai, aeai? iaoiaee iiaeooue aeei?enoiaoaaoenue i?e
?ici?ciaaaii? ie?aieo ae?eyiie iiaa?oiiue ?ioeo ia’?eo?a, iai?eeeaae,
i?e?ineii?/ieo ia’?eo?a, a?ieia?/ieo ia’?eo?a, i?e aeine?aeaeaii? aeia
ii??a, o a?enueeia?e ni?aa?, iniaeeai a oiio aeiaaeeo, eiee iaiao?aeii
aecia/aoe /e eeaneo?eoaaoe ia’?eo a nenoai? ?aaeueiiai ianooaao /ano
«on line». A inoaiiueiio ?icae?e? ?iaioe iieacaii aeei?enoaiiy aeaieo
iaoiae?a i?e i?iaiicoaaii? iaaacia/ieo a?ae?iiaoai?ieia?/ieo yaeu a
a??nueeeo ?aeiiao.

— cai?iiiiiaai? aaoi?ii aeanyoue ?ie?a oiio aiaeiaia? oioia?aiiao?e/i?
i?eeaaee a aeaiee /an canoa??ee, iaeiae niin?a iiaeaethaaiiy ?aeue?oo c
aeiiiiiaith iioe/ii? u?eueiino? oni?oii aeei?enoiao?oueny i?e
a?aeia?aaeaii? ?aeue?oo a no/anieo eiii’thoa?ieo oaoiieia?yo.

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ciaeoee nai? canoinoaaiiy a
?aaii-O?aie?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? iaooe ? aaco,
Ea?iaonuee?e naeanoieia?e noaioe?? (i. ss?ai/a ?aaii-O?aie?anueei?
iae.), ?aaii-o?aie?anueeiio oeaio?? aaiaeac??, eaaeano?o ? A?N i?e
aeeiiaii? noi?niiai oe?a?inueei-eaiaaenueeiai i?iaeoo caiaeueii?
?a?no?aoe?? a 1995-1997 ??, a Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiio ?inoeooo? aeieia?/ii?
aaciaee ? i?e?iaeieo ?ano?n?a, i. ?aaii-O?aie?anuee.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iniiai? oai?aoe/i? ? i?aeoe/i? ?acoeueoaoe
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iaaiai?thaaeenue ia eiioa?aioe?yo a
?anioae?eainueeiio aeii? aeiiii?/ii? ? iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? i?iiaaaiaee
oiaa?enoaa «Ciaiiy» O?N?, Ee?anueeiio i?aeaia O?oaeiaiai /a?aiiiai
i?aii?a ?iaeaia?ii-aoae?aaeueiiio ?inoeooo? oa Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiio
?inoeooo? aaoiiaoecaoe?? nenoai ieaioaaiiy ? oi?aae?iiy a aoae?aieoeoa?
Aea?aeaoaeo O?N? a 1989-1990 ?.?. (i.Ee?a), I?aaeaiii-cao?aeiiio
aa?iaaiaeace/iiio i?aei?e?inoa? AOAE i?e ?aae? I?i?no??a N?N?,
Oe?a?inueeiio ?anioae?eainueeiio i?aae?ii? ananithciiai oiaa?enoaa
aaiaeac?? aa?ieini?/ieo ceiiie ? ea?oia?ao?? a 1990 ?. (i.Ee?a), ia
iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai neeaaeo
?OAeOOIA (i.?aaii-O?aie?anuee, (1978-1998 ?.?.), ia eiioa?aioe??
Cao?aeii? ?aa?iiaeueii? i?aai?caoe?? Oe?a?inueeiai oiaa?enoaa aaiaeac??
aa?ieini?/ieo ceiiie ? ea?oia?ao??, Aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo
«Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea» ? aeniaaeeoe?? ?7 Oe?a?inueeiai
aa?iaaiaeace/iiai i?aei?e?inoaa (i.Euea?a, 1997 ?.) «No/ani? aeinyaiaiiy
aaiaeace/ii? iaoee ? ae?iaieoeoaa a Oe?a?i?», ia ia?o?e I?aeia?iaei?e
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «Eaaeano?, oioia?aiiao??y,
aai?ioi?iaoeea — no/ani? oaoiieia?? ? ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo», ia
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «Aaiaeac?y, eaaeano? oa aai?ioi?iaoeea»
(i.?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1997 ?.), ia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe??
«Aaiaeace/iee iii?oi?eia, aaiaeeiai?ea ?ao?aeoiiao??y ia iaae? OO?
noie?ooy» Aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo «Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea» ?
Euea?anueeiai ano?iiiii-aaiaeace/iiai oiaa?enoaa (i.Euea?a, 1998).

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a a ?iaioo. Oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy ?ica’yceo
caaea/ aeae?eaiiy no?oeoo?ieo e?i?e oa ie?aieo oi?i ?aeue?oo ca
oeeo?iaith iiaeaeeth c aeei?enoaiiyi ne?i/aiieo ??cieoeue ?ic?iaeai?
aaoi?ii naiino?eii. Iaoiaeeea ?ici?ciaaaiiy, eeaneo?eaoe?? oa
eeanoa?ecaoe?? ie?aieo oi?i ?aeue?oo, ye ? iaoiaeeea aaoiiaoe/ii?
aaia?ae?caoe?? ?aeue?oo oaae ?ic?iaeai? aaoi?ii naiino?eii.
Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy ?ic?iaeaieo iaoiaeee i?iaiaeeeenue c
o/anoth i?aoe?aiee?a ?aaii-O?aie?anueeiai Oeaio?o aaiaeac??, eaaeano?o
? A?N. Cai?iiiiiaai? niiniae oa i?eeaaee aeey a?aeia?aaeaiiy ?aeue?oo
?ic?iaeai? aaoi?ii naiino?eii, i?i ui na?ae/aoue a?aeiia?aei? aaoi?nuee?
na?aeioeoaa.

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe?? aena?oeaii a 34 ?iaioao, a
oiio /ene? a 3 aaoi?nueeeo na?aeioeoaao ? iaeiiio iaoaio? Oe?a?ie. 17
noaoae iioae?eiaaii a oaoiaeo aeo?iaeao ? ca??ieeao iaoeiaeo i?aoeue
Oe?a?ie oa ?in??. Iaeia ?c noaoae ia?aiioae?eiaaia a oaoiaiio aeo?iae? a
NOA.

No?oeoo?a ? ia’?i aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c?
anooio, /ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a, i?aenoieiaeo aeniiae?a, aeiaeaoe?a oa
a?ae?ia?ao??. Caaaeueiee ianya ?iaioe neeaaea? 251 noi?., 50 iae., 75
oaae. Nienie e?oa?aoo?e neeaaea?oueny c 143 iaeiaioaaiue.

Aaoi? aeneiaeth? aaey/i?noue ca iino?eio i?aeo?eieo i?e ?iaio? iaae
aeena?oaoe??th ni?a?ia?oieeai eaoaae?e ?iaeaia?ii? aaiaeac?? ?OAeOOIA,
a oaeiae ni?a?ia?oieeai ?aaii-O?aie?anueeiai Oeaio?o aaiaeac??,
ea?oia?ao?? oa aai?ioi?iaoe?eieo nenoai, a naia eiai ea??aieeia?
Aiaaeaiia? Iaethc?, ?iaeaia?ai A?oae??a? Ea?ea?o, Aiae???a? Iao?uoeo oa
Iaeneiia? ?oaeiio ca ni?eyiiy oa aeiiiiiao i?e aeeiiaii?
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue.

Noaiaoe/ii iniiai? oeyoe aeeiiaiiy iai?/aieo aeine?aeaeaiue iieacaii ia
?en.1, yeee iaaiei /eiii oa?aeoa?eco? ? ci?no aeaii? ?iaioe.

Ci?no aeena?oaoe??.

O anooi? i?eaaaeaii iaa?oiooaaiiy aeooaeueiino? iinoaaeaieo caaea/ ?
iiaeaii ei?ioeee ci?no aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe. Aeaii oa?aeoa?enoeee
iniiaieo iaoeiaeo iai?yie?a, ui ?icaeaathoueny aaoi?ii aeey ?ica’ycaiiy
iinoaaeaieo iaoeiaeo i?iaeai.

A ia?oiio ?icae?e? iiaeaii iaeyae e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae, aiae?c
?nioth/eo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy ?aeue?oo caiii? iiaa?oi?, iaa?oioiaai?
aea?ai? iai?yiee ?ica’yceo caaea/. Ei?ioei ?icaeyioo? ?noi?e/i? aniaeoe
aeacaieo i?iaeai. I?aee?aneth?oueny aaaeeea?noue ?ia?o, aeeiiaieo
?.A.*a?aaiueiaei oa ?ioeie aeine?aeieeaie i?ae eiai ea??aieoeoaii, oiaoi
oa?e?anueei? oeiee, ? I.I.Eanoi/e?iei, oiaoi Naieo-Iaoa?ao?cueei? oeiee.
A oeueiio iai?yieo c?iaeaii aeoaea aaaaoi ye a?o/eciyieie, oae ?
ca?oa?aeieie a/aieie. I?e oeueiio aeine?aeaeaiiy a iaeano? ?aeue?oo,
oi/iino? aecia/aiiy ia’?i?a ??ciiiai?oieo ia’?eo?a, yea a ia?oo /a?ao
aecia/a?oueny ?aeue?oii iiaa?oi?, i?iaiaeeeenue ? aaia?aoaie, ?
oiiia?aoaie, ? oioia?aiiao?enoaie, ? aaiii?oieiaaie. Iiaeia iacaaoe
I.N.Aaniooa, I.I.Aa?eyioa, I.A.Aieea, I.E.Aei?iaeeinueeiai,
I.I.AEa?iianueeiai, ?.A.AEo?e?ia, E.ss.Eeiiioiaa, I.I.Eiaaiiaa,
A.E.Iaeyanueeiai, A.I.Iaeueieea, N.A.Iiaeeueiiai oa ?ioeo.

A?aecia/ai? ooiaeaiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy a iaeano? ieanoeee
?aeue?oo, ui aeeiiai?, ?.I.Aaeioniaei, ?.A.Aonaea?aei, A.E.A?aenooii,
I.N.Aeaaaea??ai?, A.A.Eini?iei, I.I.Eiceiaei, I.I.I?ioiaeueyeiiiaei,
I.?.O?ii/aiei, A.I.Oono, A.I.O?einioiaei, I.Ae.ssiiieuenueeei, oa
aaaaoueia ?ioeie.

Ii?yae c oeei i?aee?aneth?oueny, ui ia i?ioyc? inoaii?o
aeanyoe-i’yoiaaeoeyoe ?ie?a ieoaiiy ieanoeee ?aeue?oo iino?eii
?icaeyaeathoueny ia i?aeia?iaeieo eiia?anao. ?c ca?oa?aeieo aaoi??a
a?aecia/athoueny Ammannati F., Betti B., Dereney E., Frederiksen P.,
Jacobi O., Kubik K. oa ?io?.

Cae?i/o?oueny oeae ?icae?e, ye ? ?io? ?icae?ee, aeniiaeaie, iaeiae ooo
aiie c?iaeai? ye ?acthia, aea iiaeai? iniiai? iai?yiee iaiao?aeieo
aeine?aeaeaiue a iaeano? ieanoeee ?aeue?oo.

A aeoaiio ?icae?e? iiaeaii oai?aoe/i? oa i?aeoe/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy c
aeei?enoaiiy iniiaieo iieiaeaiue aeeoa?aioe?aeueii? aaiiao??? aeey
aeae?eaiiy iaaieo ii?oieia?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee iiaa?oi?. Aeey oeueiai
/anoeii? iio?aei? iiaa?oi? aecia/athoueny /a?ac ce?i/aii? ??cieoe?
a?aeiia?aeieo ii?yaee?a. Iaoiae ne?i/aiieo ??cieoeue aeey ?ica’yceo
aeeoa?aioe?aeueieo ??aiyiue a /anoeiieo iio?aeieo iieyaa? a
aeene?aoecaoe?? aeeoa?aioe?aeueiiai iia?aoi?a. Ae?eyieo ?aeue?oo caiii?
iiaa?oi? ?icaeyaeathoue i?e oeueiio ye aeene?aoiee neaiae, yeee a
iaoaiaoeoe? aaaaea?oueny ianeaii aai iine?aeiai?noth. Oey
iine?aeiai?noue O aecia/a?oueny noeoii?noth aii?yaeeiaaieo ia? /enae

O =x (n1, n2) —

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