IIIINOA?NOAI INAIOE OE?A?IE

AeA?AEAAIEE OIIAA?NEOAO «EUeAIANUeEA IIEIOAOIIEA»

?OAeIEOeUeEA

I?anoa Ieoaee?aia

OAeE 658.32:338.4

IAIAAeAEIAIO IA?NIIAEO I?IIENEIAIAI IIAeI?E?INOAA

Niaoe?aeuei?noue: 08.06.02

«I?aei?e?iieoeoai, iaiaaeaeiaio oa ia?eaoeia»

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

Euea?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe?y ? ?oeiienii

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? iaiaaeaeiaioo ? i?aeia?iaeiiai
i?aei?e?iieoeoaa Aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo «Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea»
I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Eocuei?i Ieaa ?aaaiiae/,

Aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao «Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea»,

aeaeai oaeoeueoaoo aeiiii?ee oa iaiaaeaeiaioo,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e iaiaaeaeiaioo i i?aeia?iaeiiai i?aei?e?iieoeoaa.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, caa?aeoaa/

a?aeae?eo aeiiii?/ieo i?iaeai ?icaeoeo

i?iieneiaino? ?aa?iio ?inoeoooo ?aa?iiaeueieo

aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie

AIEEI ?AAAI ?AAIIAE*

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio eaoaae?e

iaiaaeaeiaioo oa ia?eaoeiao, aeaeai oaeoeueoaoo

aeiiii?ee oa iaiaaeaeiaioo Eooeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai

oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo

E?IE* ETHAIA A?EAI??AIA

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa Oaeai?iaenueeee Aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao, eaoaae?a

aeiiii?ee, iaiaaeaeiaioo oa ia?eaoeiao.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny «3» aa?aniy 1999?. i 15-00aiae. ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E35.052.03 o Aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao?
«Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea» ca aae?anith: 290646, i.Euea?a-13, aoe.
N.Aaiaea?e, 12, IV ei?ion, aoae.406.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo «Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea» ca aae?anith: 290646,
i.EueaIa-13, aoe. I?ioani?nueea, 1.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee «23» /a?aiy1999?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Iauaiei I.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Oi?ioaaiiy ia?niiaeo c aenieeie
i?ioan?eii-eaae?o?eaoe?eieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie, i???ioiaaiiai ia
aeinyaiaiiy e?ioeaai? iaoe, noaei iaeiei c eeth/iaeo caaaeaiue
?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? ae?iaie/i-ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa,
ae??oaiiy yeiai a?aeaoaa?oueny ia oii? iaaei??ii? /enaeueiino? ia?niiaeo
(ca ??cieie ioe?ieaie a?ae 10% aei 30%), nioe?aeueiiai iai?oaeaiiy, ui
aeeeeeaia iacaaeia?eueiei noaiii ?eieo i?aoe?, ? oneeaaeith?oueny
iaaeineiiae?noth nenoaie iioeaaoe?? i?aoe? ia?niiaeo.

I?aeaioiaea eiiiaoaioiiai ia?niiaeo, caeaoiiai aei i?iaeoeoeaii? ?iaioe
a ?eieiaeo oiiaao, eiai ?aoe?iiaeueia no?oeoo?ia ? i?inoi?iaa
?ici?uaiiy, ci?ia eoeueoo?e oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoaa a?aoo?-?aoo
caeaaeeoue a?ae aoaeoeaiino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy neoaeae oi?aae?iiy
ia?niiaeii.

Iioeaaoe?y ia?niiaeo ioiieth? i?iaeaii? ieoaiiy aei??thaaiiy e?eueeino?
oa yeino? o?oaeiaiai aianeo oi?aae?inueeiai ia?niiaeo, iaa?oiooaaiiy
?ici??o oa no?oeoo?e iaoa??aeueieo noeioe?a, aecia/aiiy e?euee?nieo
ioe?iie o?oaeiaiai aeeaaeo ye ie?aiiai i?aoe?aieea, oae ? a?oie
i?aoe?aiee?a a e?ioeaaee ?acoeueoao ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa.

Nooi?noue iaoeiai? i?iaeaie iieyaa? o iaiao?aeiino? ?ic?iaee iaoiaee/ieo
canaae ioe?iee iioaioe?aeo oi?aae?inueeiai ia?niiaeo oa iiaoaeiae
aoaeoeaii? nenoaie eiai iioeaaoe??, ine?eueee iaaieiia c?inoaiiy aieeao
oi?aae?inueeiai ia?niiaeo ia aeinyaiaiiy e?ioeaaeo ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe
i?aei?e?inoaa iio?aao? oai?aoe/iiai iaa?oiooaaiiy uiaei e?euee?nii?
ioe?iee ?ici??o eiai aeeaaeo a oe? ?acoeueoaoe. Aaaeeeaei iaoeiaei
caaaeaiiyi ? ?ic?iaea iaoiae?a ieaioaaiiy /enaeueiino? ia?niiaeo a
oiiaao ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? ae?iaieoeoaa c o?aooaaiiyi ae?iaie/eo ?
nioe?aeueieo /eiiee?a.

Ia no/aniiio aoai? ?aoi?ioaaiiy aeiiii?ee c o?aooaaiiyi ?ie?
oi?aae?inueeiai ia?niiaeo a i?ioean? ?eieiaeo ia?aoai?aiue noa?
c?icoi?eith cia/ou?noue ae??oaiiy i?iaeaie i?aeaeuaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino?
ae?yeueiino? oi?aae?inueeiai ia?niiaeo i?iieneiaiai i?aei?e?inoaa.

Na?aae ?ia?o, ye? aianee a?ae/ooiee aianie o ?ic?iaeo iaoeiaeo iniia
ae??ai? eaae?iai? iie?oeee, aoaeoeaiiai oi?aae?iiy ia?niiaeii ne?ae
a?aecia/eoe aeine?aeaeaiiy oaeeo a?o/eciyieo ? ca?oa?aeieo iaoeiaoe?a:
I.Aeueaa?a, N.Aaiaeo?e, A.Aaea?a, I.Aa?aa?a, Ae.Aiaei?, ?.Aieea, A.
Aiea?ia, I. Aaocia?a, A.Aa?oey, A. Aeannea?a, I. Aeie?oiueiai,
I.Ae?oea?a, ?. Caneaanueeiai, N.Ceoiea, I.Eocuei?ia, O.Eaiia?oa,
?.Eoe?iiaa, I.Ianeiia, A.I?eeiaaee, Aeae.Iaa?-E???, N.Ie?iaeeiaa,
A.?ioa, Ae.?oioa, A.Neac?iaa?a, O.Oaaeio??, I. *oia/aiea, ?.Oeiee,
A.Uae?ia oa ?ioeo. ?eieia? ia?aoai?aiiy a Oe?a?i? aeeeeeaee ia’?eoeaio
iaiao?aei?noue iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo oai?aoe/ieo ? iaoiaeeei-i?eeeaaeieo
canaae ooai?aiiy ? ooieoe?iioaaiiy ae??aeo nenoai oi?aae?iiy ia?niiaeii
c o?aooaaiiyi iniaeeainoae ?icaeoeo i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa, noaio oa
aeeiai?ee ?eieo i?aoe?, ui ? iaoiiaeth? aeooaeuei?noue oaie oa
aeioe?euei?noue i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue.

I?aenoaaith aeey ?ic?iaee aeena?oaoe?? ? aeine?aeaeaiiy aaoi?a a aaeoc?
oi?aae?iiy oa iioeaaoe?? ia?niiaeo i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa, ui aoee
aeeiiai? ca aeiaiai?aie aai ?i?oe?aoeaii, ye? ca nai?th ni?yiiaai?noth
iiai?noth a?aeiia?aeathoue iaoeiaiio iai?yio «Oaeineiiaeaiiy
iaiaaeaeiaioo ia i?aei?e?inoaao oa ?icaeoie i?aeia?iaeiiai
i?aei?e?iieoeoaa» eaoaae?e iaiaaeaeiaioo ? i?aeia?iaeiiai
i?aei?e?iieoeoaa Aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo «Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea», a
oaeiae i??i?eoaoai Aea?aeaaii? i?ia?aie «Iniiai? iai?yie nioe?aeueii?
iie?oeee ia 1997-2000 ?iee».

Aeo?aeieie aeaieie neoaeeee noaoenoe/i? ui??/ieee «Ia?iaeia
ainiiaea?noai Oe?a?ie», ca?oe oa aiae?oe/i? iaoa??aee Anana?oiueiai
Aaieo, ?a?iiaenueeiai Aaieo ?aeiino?oeoe?? oa ?icaeoeo, noaoenoe/i?
atheaoi? c nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo Euea?anueei? iaeano?,
noaoenoe/ia ca?oi?noue ?yaeo i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa cao?aeiiai ?aa?iio
Oe?a?ie, iaoa??aee, ye? c?a?ai? aaoi?ii a ?acoeueoao? niaoe?aeueii
i?aai?ciaaieo niinoa?aaeaiue.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?eia
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiiaii a iaaeao ieai?a iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o
Aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo «Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea». Iaoa??aee iaoeiaiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeei?enoai? i?e ?ic?iaoe? aea?aeathaeaeaoieo oai
AeA-87/Iioeaaoe?y «Aeyaeaiiy oeyo?a ?icaeoeo no/anieo nenoai
iaiaaeaeiaioo ia i?aei?e?inoaao Oe?a?ie», AeA/AOC
«I?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iee iaoai?ci ae?yeueiino? aea?aeaaiiai AIC»
(01920002450) oa ainiaeiaia??ieo oai: N 3847 — «Oaeineiiaeaiiy
aini?ic?aooieo ? iaoa??aeueiiai noeioethaaiiy i?aoe? a oiiaao
aeiiii?/iiai aenia?eiaioo ia EAI «?ne?a» (01830020614); N4791 —
«Oaeineiiaeaiiy aini?ic?aooieiaeo oi?i ? nenoaie iaoa??aeueiiai
noeioethaaiiy ia EAI «Aaoiiaaaioaaeoaa/» (01890010426).

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith ?iaioe ? ?ic?iaea iaoiaee/ieo
canaae i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ae?yeueiino? oi?aae?inueeiai ia?niiaeo
i?iieneiaiai i?aei?e?inoaa ia aac? aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aiae?co aeina?aeo
aeiiii?/ii ?icaeiooeo e?a?i na?oo c o?aooaaiiyi iniaeeainoae ?eieiaeo
ia?aoai?aiue a Oe?a?i? oa iniiaieo oaiaeaioe?e ? caeiiii??iinoae
?icaeoeo ciai?oiueiai ? aioo??oiueiai ?eie?a i?aoe?.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe a ?iaio? iaiao?aeii aoei ?ica’ycaoe
oae? caaaeaiiy:

aeyaeoe ? iaa?oiooaaoe i??i?eoaoi? iai?yie i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
ae?yeueiino? oi?aae?inueeiai ia?niiaeo i?iieneiaiai i?aei?e?inoaa;

aeine?aeeoe iniaeeaino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy nenoaie eaae?iaiai iaiaaeaeiaioo
? neoaeae oi?aae?iiy ia?niiaeii a nenoai? iaiaaeaeiaioo i?aei?e?inoaa;

iaa?oiooaaoe aea?? iaoiaee/iiai i?aeoiaeo aei e?euee?nii? ioe?iee
o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo ethaeeie, a?oie, eieaeoeao ye aaciaeo aeaiaio?a
nenoaie ioe?iee ? iioeaaoe?? oi?aae?inueeiai ia?niiaeo;

cae?enieoe aiae?c nenoaie iieaciee?a aei??thaaiiy oa iaoiae?a
i?aeaeuaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? ae?yeueiino? oi?aae?inueeiai ia?niiaeo,
aeae?eeoe iniiai? aioo??oi? /eiieee, ye? ae??oaeueii aieeaathoue ia
??aaiue aoaeoeaiino? eiai ae?yeueiino?;

?ic?iaeoe iaoiaee/i? canaaee oi?ioaaiiy ia?niiaeo acaaae? oa
oi?aae?inueeiai ia?niiaeo cie?aia a oiiaao ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe??
ae?iaieoeoaa;

oaeineiiaeeoe nenoaio iioeaaoe?? oi?aae?inueeiai ia?niiaeo oeyoii
caaacia/aiiy ?? aio/eino? oa a?aeia?aaeaiiy ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai aeeaaeo
i?aoe?aieea a aeinyaiaiiy iioi/ieo ? e?ioeaaeo ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe
i?aei?e?inoaa.

I?aaeiaoii iaoeiaiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ooieoe?? ? caaaeaiiy oi?aae?iiy
ia?niiaeii, ia’?eoii — neoaeae oi?aae?iiy ia?niiaeii i?iieneiaeo
i?aei?e?inoa Euea?anueei? iaeano? oa i.Eueaiaa.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a ianooiiiio:

ia i?aenoaa? aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao ?eieiaeo oiia ia ooieoe?? oa
caaaeaiiy nenoaie eaae?iaiai iaiaaeaeiaioo ?ic?iaeaia ocaaaeueiaia noaia
oi?aae?iiy ia?niiaeii c o?aooaaiiyi aaaiiino? oaeeo caaaeaiue, ye
ioe?iea ?acoeueoao?a ae?yeueiino? ia?niiaeo, iioei?caoe?y /enaeueiino?
ia?niiaeo, oi?ioaaiiy nenoaie iioeaaoe?? ia?niiaeo. Io?eiaea iiaeaeueoee
?icaeoie i?aai?caoe?eia no?oeoo?a oi?aae?iiy ia?niiaeii, a ye?e
aeae?eai? no?oeoo?i? i?ae?icae?ee, ui iieeeeai? ae??ooaaoe iia?
iaaeanoea? a?aeae?eo eaae??a ooieoe?? oa caaaeaiiy;

ae?noaea iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie eiioeaioe?y iioaioe?aeo ethaeeie (IE) ye
iiiaioii? oa?aeoa?enoeee ?? noaio oa o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo ethaeeie
(OIE) ye oa?aeoa?enoeee ni?aa?aeiioaiiy «iiaeeeaino? — iaoa —
aoaeoeai?noue». Oaea ?icoi?iiy OIE aeaei ciiao ?icaeyiooe eiai
e?euee?nio ioe?ieo ye i??o aoaeoeaiino? ?aae?caoe?? iiaeeeainoae
ethaeeie noiniaii anoaiiaeaii? ?iaioe;

?icaeiooa nenoaia ioe?iie aoaeoeaiino? ae?yeueiino? ie?aiiai i?aoe?aieea
? a?oie (eieaeoeao) i?aoe?aiee?a c iaeyaeo ia o?e iaeaaaeeea?o?
oa?aeoa?enoeee aeeiiaii? ?iaioe — yeino?, e?eueeino? oa a/aniino?.
Ooi/iaii ci?no ? iiaoaeiaaii ?aa?an?eio iiaeaeue caaea/? oi?ioaaiiy
/enaeueiino? ia?niiaeo c o?aooaaiiyi aeeiai?ee ?icaeoeo ae?iaieoeoaa a
/an?;

aia?oa ?ic?iaeaia eiioeaioe?y ? iiaoaeiaaia iioei?caoe?eia iiaeaeue
oi?ioaaiiy ia?niiaeo i?iieneiaiai i?aei?e?inoaa c o?aooaaiiyi aeeiai?ee
iieaciee?a aoaeoeaiino? ae?iaie/i-ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino?
i?aei?e?inoaa ia /an ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? ae?iaieoeoaa;

oaeineiiaeaia nioe?aeueii i???ioiaaia iaoiaeeea ?aaoethaaiiy
/enaeueiino? ia?niiaeo, yea i?noeoue ianeai? e aeoeai? caoiaee.
Iaa?oioiaaia oeaea ioe?iie ia?niiaeo c o?aooaaiiyi iniiaieo
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo iciae i?aoe?aieea oa eiai n?i’?: noaaeo ?iaioe
ia i?aei?e?inoa?, a?eo, iiaeeeaino? i?aoeaaeaoooaaiiy, aeiiii?/iiai
noaio n?i’?, noaio caei?ia’y i?aoe?aieea oa /eai?a eiai n?i’?;

iaa?oioiaai? i?eioeeie ? ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaee/i? canaaee oi?ioaaiiy
aio/ei? nenoaie iioeaaoe?? oi?aae?inueeiai ia?niiaeo, ?aoe?iiae?ciaaia
no?oeoo?a neeaaeiaeo aeaiaio?a ca?ia?oii? ieaoe c iaoith a?aeia?aaeaiiy
o?oaeiaiai aeeaaeo ie?aieo i?aoe?aiee?a, a?oie aeeiiaaoe?a, eieaeoeao a
aeinyaiaiiy iioi/ieo ? e?ioeaaeo ?acoeueoao?a ae?iaie/i-ainiiaea?nueei?
ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aeine?aeaeaiiy ?ie? oa
i?noey neoaeae oi?aae?iiy ia?niiaeii a nenoai? iaiaaeaeiaioo
i?aei?e?inoaa aeaei ciiao iaea?aeaoe ?acoeueoaoe, ye? iathoue oaea
i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy:

iaa?oiooaaiiy neeaaeo oeiiaeo ooieoe?e ? caaaeaiue oi?aae?iiy ia?niiaeii
i?iieneiaiai i?aei?e?inoaa noaei ia?aaeoiiaith iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo
i?aai?caoe?eii? no?oeoo?e oi?aae?iiy ia?niiaeii;

ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iaoiaee/ieo canaaee e?euee?nii? ioe?iee OIE ni?eyoeia
i?aeaeuaiith ?? iaa?oioiaaiino? oa nooo?aiio ni?iuaiith ?ic?aooie?a
??aiy o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo oi?aae?inueeiai ia?niiaeo;

?icoe?aiiy nenoaie iieaciee?a i?iaeoeoeaiino? ae?yeueiino?
oi?aae?inueeiai ia?niiaeo aeanoue ciiao iineeeoe aiioeaiaai?noue ?
ia’?eoeai?noue ioe?iee ?? aoaeoeaiino?;

iaea?aeai? ?aa?an?ei? iiaeae?, ye? iienothoue caeaaei?noue i?ae ianyaii
ae?iaieoeoaa i?iaeoeoe?? oa /enaeuei?noth ia?niiaeo c o?aooaaiiyi aieeao
oaeoi?o /ano, iiaeooue neoaeeoe iaae?eiith iniiaith i?iaiicieo
?ic?aooie?a no?oeoo?e ia?niiaeo i?iieneiaiai i?aei?e?inoaa;

oi?iae?ciaaia aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue caaea/? iioei?caoe??
/enaeueiino? ia?niiaeo aeicaieeoue anoaiiaeoe iaee?au? c iaeyaeo ia
ciai?oi? oa aioo??oi? oiiae ooieoe?iioaaiiy i?aei?e?inoaa ni?a?aeiioaiiy
i?ae ianyaaie ae?iaieoeoaa i?iaeoeoe?? oa /enaeuei?noth ia?niiaeo c
o?aooaaiiyi aeiia uiaei aoaeoeaiino? ae?iaieoeoaa;

ai?iaaaeaeaiiy oi?aa?naeueii? nioe?aeueii i???ioiaaii? iaoiaeeee
aea?eueiaiiy iaaeeeoeiaiai ia?niiaeo ye aoaeoeaiiai iaoai?cio
?aaoethaaiiy /enaeueiino? ia?niiaeo i?eaaaea aei ciaioaiiy nioe?aeueiiai
iai?oaeaiiy a eieaeoea?, ui ? caii?oeith aoaeoeaii? ae?yeueiino?
i?aei?e?inoaa;

ai?iaaaeaeaiiy aio/ei? nenoaie iioeaaoe?? oi?aae?inueeiai ia?niiaeo, yea
aaco?oueny ia anoaiiaeaii? ?ici??o iinaaeiaiai ieeaaeo c o?aooaaiiyi
e?euee?nii? ioe?iee o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo i?aoe?aieea oa
?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai, a?oiiaiai ? eieaeoeaiiai aeeaaeo a aeinyaiaiiy
e?ioeaaeo ?acoeueoao?a i?aei?e?inoaa, ni?eyoeia i?aeaeuaiith
i?iaeoeoeaiino? ae?yeueiino? ia?niiaeo.

Aeacai? ?ic?iaee iiaeooue i?e iaai?e iiaeeo?eaoe?? aeei?enoiaoaaoeny ia
i?aei?e?inoaao ??cieo aaeocae aeiiii?ee. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy,
e??i aeuaiacaaieo, ai?iaaaeaeai? ia oaeeo i?aei?e?inoaao Euea?anueei?
iaeano?: AeI «Euea?ai?eeaae», AAO «Ae?iaiaeoeueeee caaiae aaoiiia?eueieo
e?ai?a», AAO «No?eenueeee caaiae eiaaeuenueei-i?aniaiai iaeaaeiaiiy».

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeei?enoiaothoueny a iaa/aeueiiio
i?ioean? aeey i?iaaaeaiiy eaeoe?eieo oa i?aeoe/ieo caiyoue c aeenoeeie?i
«Oi?aae?iiy ia?niiaeii», «Aeiiii?ea i?aoe?», «O?iaine i?aei?e?inoa»,
«Noaoenoeea», a oaeiae o eo?niaiio ? aeeieiiiiio i?iaeooaaii?.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. On? iaoeia? ?acoeueoaoe, ye? aeeeaaeai? a
aeena?oaoe??, io?eiai? aaoi?ii iniaenoi. C iaoeiaeo i?aoeue,
iioae?eiaaieo o ni?aaaoi?noa?, a aeena?oaoe?? aeei?enoai? eeoa o? ?aea?
oa iieiaeaiiy, ye? io?eiai? a ?acoeueoao? iniaenoi? ?iaioe caeiaoaa/a ?
noaiiaeyoue ?iaeea?aeoaeueiee aianie aaoi?a.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe??
(?icaeoie i?aai?caoe?eii? no?oeoo?e oi?aae?iiy ia?niiaeii, eiioeaioe?y
o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo i?aoe?aieea ? eieaeoeao, iinoaiiaea caaea/? ?
iiaeaethaaiiy /enaeueiino? ia?niiaeo i?aei?e?inoaa, oaeineiiaeaiiy
nioe?aeueii i???ioiaaii? iaoiaeeee ?aaoethaaiiy /enaeueiino? ia?niiaeo,
i?eioeeie ? canaaee oi?ioaaiiy aio/ei? nenoaie iioeaaoe??
oi?aae?inueeiai ia?niiaeo) aeiiia?aeaeeny ia i?aeia?iaeieo
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo: «O?oaeiaee iioaioe?ae Oe?a?ie ? eiai
?ai?aai?caoe?y a oiiaao ?icaoaeiae iaoe?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee» (i. Euea?a,
1997 ?.); «Nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i? i?iaeaie ae?iaie/i-iie?a?ao?/iiai
eiiieaeno oa eiai ?io?ano?oeoo?» (i.Euea?a, 1996 ?.); «I?iaeaie iae?eo
oa aoaeeoo ca oiia ianoaa?eueii? aeiiii?ee» (i.Oiaeueieoeueeee, 1996
?.); «Ia?eaoeia oa eia?noeea a nenoai? iaiaaeaeiaioo» (i.Euea?a, 1998
?.); iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo Aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo
«Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea» (1985-1998??.).

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? a?aeia?aaeai? o 20 iaoeiaeo
ioae?eaoe?yo (iaoeia? noaoo?, oace aeiiia?aeae) caaaeueiei ianyaii 5,3
ae?oeiaaieo a?eoo?a, c ieo iniaenoi aaoi?o iaeaaeeoue 4,2 ae.a.

Ianya ? no?oeoo?a ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia 185 noi??ieao
ae?oeiaaiiai oaenoo, yeee neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, o?ueio ?icae?e?a,
aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae (129 iaca) ? aeiaeaoeo (15
iaca). ?iaioa i?noeoue 17 oaaeeoeue oa 14 ?enoie?a.

Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? «Oai?aoe/i? oa i?aeoe/i? aniaeoe oi?aae?iiy
ia?niiaeii i?iieneiaiai i?aei?e?inoaa» aeine?aeaeaii aieea ?eieiaeo oiia
ia ooieoe?? oa caaaeaiiy nenoaie eaae?iaiai iaiaaeaeiaioo, aeyaeaii
iniaeeaino? oi?ioaaiiy no?oeoo?e oi?aae?iiy ia?niiaeii i?iieneiaiai
i?aei?e?inoaa, iieacaii a?aei?iiino? o iiiyooyo iioaioe?aeo oa
o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo ia?niiaeo, a oaeiae ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaee/i? canaaee
ioe?iee OIE oa ooieoe?iiaeueiiai iioaioe?aeo a?oi i?aoe?aiee?a (OIA).

Aoaeoeai?noue ?aae?caoe?? no?aoaa?? ?icaeoeo i?aei?e?inoaa aecia/a?oueny
ia?oi/a?aiai «ethaenueeei /eiieeii» — i?iaeoeoeaiith ae?yeuei?noth
ia?niiaeo, ui coiiaeth? c?inoaiiy ?ie? neoaeae oi?aae?iiy ia?niiaeii a
nenoai? iaiaaeaeiaioo i?aei?e?inoaa. Caoaaaeeii, ui onoaeaiiai
oeoia/aiiy neoaeae oi?aae?iiy ia?niiaeii ia neeaeiny i? a ca?oa?aei?e,
i? o a?o/eciyi?e aeiiii?/i?e iaooe?. C?aooith oea noino?oueny ? iiiyooy
«ia?niiae». No?oeoo?i? i?ae?icae?ee, ye? aeeiiothoue ooieoe?? oi?aae?iiy
ia?niiaeii, iae/ano?oa iathoue oae? iacae: «a?aeae?e eaae??a», «neoaeaa
oi?aae?iiy ethaenueeeie ?ano?naie ? ae?iaie/eie noinoieaie», «neoaeaa
oi?aae?iiy ia?niiaeii».

Ia i?aenoaa? aiae?co oeiiaeo ooieoe?e ? caaaeaiue a aeena?oaoe??
?ic?iaeaii iiaeeo?eiaaio no?oeoo?o oi?aae?iiy ia?niiaeii i?iieneiaiai
i?aei?e?inoaa, aeaiaioaie yei? noaee i?ae?icae?ee oeio a?aeae?eo
eaae??a, ui aeeiiothoue o?aaeeoe?ei? caaaeaiiy (iaa??, ca?eueiaiiy,
iae?e, iaa/aiiy ia?niiaeo, i?aeaeuaiiy eaae?o?eaoe?? oiui), a oaeiae
cai?iiiiiaai? i?ae?icae?ee, ui ioiieththoue iia? ooieoe?? oa caaaeaiiy
(nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy, ae??oaiiy eiioe?eoieo
neooaoe?e, iioeaaoe?? ia?niiaeo, ioe?iee o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo oa i??e
eiai ?aae?caoe??, ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy oiui).

Ocaaaeueiaiiy na?oiaiai ? a?o/eciyiiai aeina?aeo oi?aae?iiy ia?niiaeii
aea? ciiao noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui cina?aaeaeaiiy a iaaeao iaei??? neoaeae
ooieoe?e ieaioaaiiy, iae?eo ? iioeaaoe?? ia?niiaeo ni?eyoeia ia?aoiaeo
a?ae ?aae?caoe?? eaae?iai? iie?oeee ia canaaeao aaei?i?no?oaaiiy aei
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy canaae oi?aae?iiy ?icaeoeii ia?niiaeo, oei naiei
i?ecaaaea aei i?aeaeuaiiy aio/eino? oa aoaeoeaiino? oi?aae?iiy
i?iieneiaei i?aei?e?inoaii.

I?aeaioiaea eiiiaoaioiiai ia?niiaeo, caeaoiiai aei i?iaeoeoeaii? ?iaioe
a ?eieiaeo oiiaao, a e?ioeaaiio ?acoeueoao? caeaaeeoue a?ae ??aiy
ooieoe?iiaeueiiai (oi?aae?inueeiai) iioaioe?aeo nenoaie eaae?iaiai
iaiaaeaeiaioo. Iaea?eueo a?aeiia?aeieie aei iiiyooy iioaioe?aeo nenoaie
eaae?iaiai iaiaaeaeiaioo ? iiiyooy o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo. Iioaioe?ae o
i?yiiio ?icoi?ii? oa?aeoa?eco? iiaeeeaino? ethaeeie, ye? a eiie?aoieo
oiiaao iiaeooue ?ice?eoeny o iaaiiio nea?oaaii? c iaaiith aoaeoeai?noth.
Iai?yi aeei?enoaiiy iiaeeeainoae ethaeeie aeieeaa? c iaoe, yea
iinoaaeaia ia?aae iath.

Aeey caaacia/aiiy iaeiicia/iino? ?icoi?iiy iioaioe?aeo ethaeeie
aeioe?eueii ?ic??ciyoe iiiyooy iioaioe?aeo ethaeeie ye iiiaioii?
oa?aeoa?enoeee ?? noaio (IEI) oa ye oa?aeoa?enoeee iiaeeeaino? aeeiiaiiy
aecia/aii? ?iaioe a eiie?aoieo oiiaao (OIE).

IEI ca nai?th i?e?iaeith ? aaeoi?iith aaee/eiith, yea iieno?oueny oaeei
/eiii:

? = (?1; ?2; ?3; ?4), (1)

aea ? — iioaioe?ae ethaeeie; ?1, ?2, ?3, ?4 — a?aeiia?aeii ye?ni? /e
e?euee?ni? ioe?iee a?io?ce/ieo, ineoieia?/ieo, nioe?aeueieo oa aeooiaieo
iciae.

I?ioeaaeo?a ii??aiyiiy IEI ye aaeoi?ieo aaee/ei ? aecia/aiith eeoa o
iaaieo aeiaaeeao, /ei iiynith?oueny iioe?ai?noue noai ciaoiaeaeaiiy
neaey?ii? ioe?iee IEI. Ia iao iiaeyae, noii?aiith aeanoea?noth neaey?ii?
ioe?iee ? iiaeeea?noue eiiiainaoe?? cia/aiiy iaei??? c iciae ca ?aooiie
?ioeo (iaa?oue ca oiiae a?aooaaiiy eiao?oe??io?a aaaiiino? iciae).
A?eueo iaa?oioiaaiei aeaeyaea? ii??aiyiiy ia ie?aieo iciae, a ?o
ii?aeiaiue ca aeiiiiiaith a?aeiia?aeii? ooieoe??.

OIE oa?aeoa?eco? iaeei ?c iiaeeeaeo iai?yi?a ?aae?caoe?? IEI,
aoaeoeai?noue yei? iiaeia ioe?ieoe ca aeiiiiiaith oaeeo iniiaieo
iieaciee?a ye /an, aeo?aoe ?ano?n?a ? ianya aeeiiaii? ?iaioe. OIE ia
iiaeia ?icaeyaeaoe a?aeie?aieaii a?ae ?iaioe, a ioe?ieo OIE —
a?aeie?aieaii a?ae oa?aeoa?enoee ?iaioe ? oiia i?aoe?. O iaei?ino?oiio
aeiaaeeo ??aaiue OIE iiaeia oeoia/eoe ye i??o a?aeiia?aeiino? i?ae
iciaeaie ethaeeie ? oa?aeoa?enoeeaie eiie?aoii? ?iaioe.

A?aecia/eii, ui aeey ioe?iee OIA e??i na?aaei?o oa?aeoa?enoee
ea??aiee?a oa ?ioiai ia?niiaeo ne?ae a?aoiaoaaoe nenoaii? oa?aeoa?enoeee
a?oie (i?aai?caoe?eia no?oeoo?a oi?aae?iiy, iaoiaee ?iciiae?eo ooieoe?e
? caaaeaiue i?ae aeeiiaaoeyie, a?oiia? oaeoi?e oiui).

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? «I?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy nenoaie
oi?aae?iiy ia?niiaeii i?iieneiaiai i?aei?e?inoaa» aiae?cothoueny iaoiaee
ioe?iee oa oeyoe i?aeaeuaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? ae?yeueiino?
oi?aae?inueeiai ia?niiaeo, ?ic?iaeaia eiioeaioe?y ? iiaoaeiaaia iiaeaeue
caaea/? oi?ioaaiiy iioeiaeueii? /enaeueiino? ia?niiaeo i?iieneiaiai
i?aei?e?inoaa, ?icaeioo? ae?iaie/a ? nioe?aeueii i???ioiaaia iaoiaeeee
?aaoethaaiiy /enaeueiino? ia?niiaeo.

Aeey ioe?iee i?iaeoeoeaiino? ae?yeueiino? oeo eaoaai??e ia?niiaeo, aeey
yeeo ianya ?iaioe i?aeaea?oueny ii?ioaaiith, iiaeia aeei?enoiaoaaoe
iieacieee oeio «ae?ia?oie», «o?oaeii?noe?noue». Iaeiae aeey cia/ii?
/anoeie ia?niiaeo i?iieneiaiai i?aei?e?inoaa ? iaaecia/aiei iiiyooy
«i?iaeoeoe?y oi?aae?inueeiai ia?niiaeo», oiio aeey ioe?iee
i?iaeoeoeaiino? ?o ae?yeueiino? iaie i?iiiio?oueny aeei?enoiaoaaoe
?ioaa?aeueiee iieaciee oaeiai oeio:

(2)

aea (?, (?, (? — aenia?oi? ioe?iee ianyao, yeino?, a/aniino? aeeiiaiiy
?-i? i?io?eueii? ?iaioe; n — /enei aeae?a i?io?eueieo ?ia?o.

Aenia?oi? ioe?iee (?, (?, iiaeooue i?eeiaoe cia/aiiy a?ae ioey aei
iaeeieoe?, a (? — ioeue aai iaeeieoeth. Ca aeiiiiiaith oeueiai iieacieea
iiaeia aei??thaaoe i?iaeoeoeai?noue ae?yeueiino? ie?aieo aeeiiaaoe?a, ?o
a?oi /e no?oeoo?ieo i?ae?icae?e?a.

Neeaaei?oith aeaeyaea? caaea/a ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? ae?yeueiino?
ia?niiaeo, oiaoi ioe?iee aieeao «i?iaeoeoe?? oi?aae?inueeiai ia?niiaeo»
ia aeinyaiaiiy iioi/ieo ? e?ioeaaeo ?acoeueoao?a ooieoe?iioaaiiy
i?aei?e?inoaa. Ia iao iiaeyae, aeyaeoe ? aeae?eeoe a /enoiio aeae?
aeeaae ie?aieo i?aoe?aiee?a (a?oi) o eieaeoeaiee aei?iaie, ui ?
?acoeueoaoii nenoaiii? aca?iiae?? on?o /eiiee?a, iiaeia eeoa oiiaii c
o?aooaaiiyi aaaiiino? aeeiiaii? ieie ?iaioe. O oie aea /an ??aaiue
aeinyaiaiiy e?ioeaaiai ?acoeueoaoo iiaeia ?icaeyaeaoe a yeino?
?aaoeyoi?a iieacieea W i?iaeoeoeaiino? ia?niiaeo (a?oi aeeiiaaoe?a).

?ic?iaeaia a aeena?oaoe?? iaoiaeeea i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
ae?yeueiino? ia?niiaeo aaco?oueny ia aeei?enoaii? iai?aoi?iaeueieo ?
oi?iaeueieo iaoiae?a oi?ioaaiiy iioeiaeueii? no?oeoo?e ia?niiaeo oa
?aaoethaaiiy eiai /enaeueiino?.

Aiae?c iaoiae?a ?ic?aooieo caaaeueii? /enaeueiino? i?aoe?aiee?a
i?aei?e?inoaa ia i?aenoaa? a?aooaaiiy aecia/aeueiiai /eiieea (ianyao
ae?iaieoeoaa i?iaeoeoe??) iieacaa, ui iaea?eueo aaeaeaaoi? ?acoeueoaoe
io?eiothoueny ca iae?i?eiith ?aa?an?eiith iiaeaeeth, a ye?e a?aoiaaia
ae?y oaeoi?o /ano:

, (3)

aea x — ianya ae?iaieoeoaa i?iaeoeoe??; y — /enaeuei?noue i?aoe?aiee?a;
t — /an; a0, a1. a2 — ia?aiao?e ??aiyiiy ?aa?an??.

Iiaoaeiaa ? aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeaeae oeio (3) aeey a?oie i?aei?e?inoa
Euea?anueei? iaeano? i?aeoaa?aeeee ?o i?aeoe/io i?eaeaoi?noue aeey
i?iaiicoaaiiy /enaeueiino? ia?niiaeo. Oae, aeey AeI «Euea?ai?eeaae»
?aa?an?eia iiaeaeue iaa?aea oaeiai aeaeyaeo:

, R=0,95. (4)

Ciae i?ion i?e eiao?oe??io? ?aa?an?? a1 aeaco? ia oa, ui ca aeiiiiiaith
/eiieea t a?aeia?aaea?oueny oaiaeaioe?y aei aea?eueiaiiy a ?eieiaeo
oiiaao oniaaeeiaaii? iaaeeeoeiai? /enaeueiino? i?aoe?aiee?a (a?ae 20 aei
30 a?aenioe?a ia?niiaeo), ui i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny ?ic?aooieaie
oai?aoe/ii? /enaeueiino? ia?niiaeo ca ni?aa?aeiioaiiyi Ioeaia (2,5:1)
(oaae.1)

Oaaeeoey 1

Aeeiai?ea ianyao ae?iaieoeoaa ? /enaeueiino? i?aoe?aiee?a AeI
«Euea?ai?eeaae»

??e Aaciaee oaii ci?ie ,% Aaciaee oaii ci?ie aeey oai?aoe/ieo
cia/aiue/enaeueiino? i?aoe?aiee?a, %

ianyao ae?iaieoeoaa i?iaeoeoe?? /enaeueiino? ia?niiaeo ca
ni?aa?aeiioaiiyi Ioeaia ca ?aa?an?eiith iiaeaeeth

1990 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

1991 123.5 106.8 109.4 108.7

1992 183.7 125.5 133.5 131.9

1993 243.4 140.0 157.5 149.6

1994 229.3 139.7 151.7 138.5

1995 120.4 113.9 108.2 91.0

1996 84.8 68.8 93.9 71.1

1997 80.7 59.0 92.3 66.3

C o?aooaaiiyi aeeiai?ee no?oeoo?e i?aoe?aiee?a i?aei?e?inoaa ia ae?oaiio
aoai? cae?enith?oueny ia?ao?ae a?ae caaaeueii? /enaeueiino? aei
/enaeueiino? i?aoe?aiee?a iaaii? eaoaai???.

Iiaeeeaino? aeei?enoaiiy ?aa?an?eieo iiaeaeae a caaea/ao ieaioaaiiy
iniiaieo iieaciee?a ae?iaie/i-ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa
ia o?eaae? i?ii?aeee /ano ? iaiaaeaieie. A aeena?oaoe?? i?iiiio?oueny
i?e oi?ioaaii? i?ia?aie ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? ae?iaieoeoaa aeei?enoiaoaaoe
iioei?caoe?ei? iaoiaee ? iiaeae?, cie?aia ?ic?iaeaio
aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue iioei?caoe?? no?oeoo?e ia?niiaeo, yea
aea? ciiao anoaiiaeoe a?aeiia?aeio aei iioeiaeueieo ianya?a ae?iaieoeoaa
/enaeuei?noue i?aoe?aiee?a i?aei?e?inoaa c o?aooaaiiyi oaeeo iaiaaeaiue:

ia e?euee?noue (ianya) ae?iaieoeoaa i?iaeoeoe?? a iiiaio /ano t;

ia no?oeoo?o ia?niiaeo i?iieneiaiai i?aei?e?inoaa c o?aooaaiiyi
oaiaeaioe?e ?? ci?ie a /an?;

ia ieaiia? cia/aiiy iniiaieo aeiiii?/ieo iieaciee?a ae?yeueiino?
i?aei?e?inoaa;

ia i?iaeoeoeai?noue i?aoe? ia?niiaeo.

Ia??iaee/i? eieeaaiiy ae?eiai? aeoeaiino? iaa?oue o e?a?iao c
?icaeiaiith aeiiii?eith i?ecaiaeyoue aei iaiao?aeiino? ?aaoethaaiiy
/enaeueiino? ia?niiaeo. A oiiaao ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? ae?iaieoeoaa (ci?ie
niaoe?ae?caoe??, ianooaa?a ae?iaieoeoaa) ?aaoethaaiiy /enaeueiino?
ia?niiaeo iiaea a?aeaoaaoeny c aeei?enoaiiyi iiia?aaeaeoaaeueieo
(i?ecoieiaiiy iaai?o eaae??a, iaiiaia caeiyo?noue ia?niiaeo, nei?i/aiiy
o?eaaeino? ?iai/iai oeaeiy oa a?aeneeaiiy i?aoe?aiee?a o aaciieaoi?
a?aeionoee, ia?aae/aniee aeo?ae ia iain?th ca aeia?ia?eueiith caiaeith)
? aeoeaieo (ci?ia i?aai?caoe?eii? no?oeoo?e oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoaii,
?ai?aai?caoe?y ae?iaie/i? no?oeoo?e, a?aeiiaa a?ae iaaieo i?iieneiaeo /e
oi?aae?inueeeo i?iaeoeo?a) caoiae?a.

A?aea?? i?aoe?aiee?a, ye? i?aeeyaathoue ca?eueiaiith, ? i?ioeaaeo?ith
iiooeo eiii?ii?no i?ae ae?iaie/eie iio?aaaie ? nioe?aeueieie a?oiiaeie
?ioa?anaie. Oeth noia?a/eeao neooaoe?th iiaeia ?ica’ycaoe oaeei /eiii —
aaei?i?no?aoe?y aee?aeoeaii caa??aa? eaae?e c iaeaeuei o?oaeiaei
iioaioe?aeii, a on? ?io? i?aoe?aieee caiaeyoueny o aii?yaeeiaai? ca
iaeii??aeiei oa?aeoa?ii a?oie ? ii??aiththoueny i?ae niaith ca
?ioaa?aeueiith ioe?ieith ?o nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii? caoeuaiino?.
Ca?eueiaiith i?aeeyaathoue o? i?aoe?aieee c iaei??? a?oie, ye? ?
iaea?eueo caoeuaieie c iaeyaeo ia oae? iciaee: a?e, noaae ?iaioe ia
i?aei?e?inoa?, /enei oo?eiaioe?a a n?i’?, noai caei?ia’y ? aeioiaee
/eai?a n?i’?, iiaeeea?noue i?aoeaaeaoooaaiiy, caaacia/ai?noue aeeoeii.
?ioaa?aeueia nioe?aeueia (ae?iaie/a) ioe?iea i?aoe?aieea ?ic?aoiao?oueny
ia i?aenoaa? ?ic?iaeaieo a aeena?oaoe?? aeeoa?aioe?eiaaieo oeae
?iaeea?aeoaeueieo ioe?iie cia/aiue eiaeii? iciaee.

Oaea nioe?aeueii i???ioiaaia iaoiaeeea ?aaoethaaiiy /enaeueiino?
ia?niiaeo aea? ciiao i?aeaeueoe aiioeaiaai?noue oi?aae?inueeeo ??oaiue,
caiia?aoe nioe?aeueiiio iai?oaeaiith a eieaeoea?, oei naiei — noai?eoe
ia?aaeoiiae aeey aoaeoeaii? eiai ae?yeueiino?.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? «Oi?ioaaiiy aio/ei? nenoaie iioeaaoe??
oi?aae?inueeiai ia?niiaeo» c o?aooaaiiyi iniaeeainoae ooieoe?iioaaiiy
?eieo i?aoe? oa eiai aieeao ia i?iaeoeoeai?noue oi?aae?inueeiai
ia?niiaeo ?ic?iaeaia aio/ea nenoaia iioeaaoe?? oi?aae?inueeiai ia?niiaeo
i?iieneiaiai i?aei?e?inoaa, yea a?aeiia?aea? oaeei i?eioeeiai:
aio/eino?, nenoaiiino?, a?aeiia?aeiino?, no?oeoo?iaaiino?, a?aee?eoino?.

I?eioeei aio/eino? icia/a?, ui nenoaia iioeaaoe?? ia?niiaeo iiaeiia iaoe
caeaoi?noue aei iia?aoeaiiai ?aaaoaaiiy ia ci?io ciai?oi?o ? aioo??oi?o
oiia ooieoe?iioaaiiy, a oaeiae ia ci?io caaaeueii? ? eieaeueieo oe?eae
i?aei?e?inoaa. Aeio?eiaiiy i?eioeeio nenoaiiino? icia/a? iiaia
a?aeia?aaeaiiy ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai aeeaaeo ethaeeie a aeinyaiaiiy
e?ioeaaeo ?acoeueoao?a i?aei?e?inoaa /a?ac eaioethae
«ethaeeia-iinaaea-?iaioa» ? «iniaa-a?oia-eieaeoea». A?aeiia?aei?noue
iieyaa? o anoaiiaeaii? oaeiai ??aiy iioeaaoe?? ia?niiaeo, yeee
a?aeiia?aea? e?eueeino?, yeino? oa aaaiiino? cao?a/aii? i?aoe?.
No?oeoo?iaai?noue oa?aeoa?eco? iiae?e ca?ia?oii? ieaoe ia /anoeie,
eiaeia c yeeo ? a?aeia?aaeaiiyi iniaenoiai aeeaaeo i?aoe?aieea a
aeinyaiaiiy iioi/ieo, e?ioeaaeo ? a?aeaeaeaieo ?acoeueoao?a ae?yeueiino?
i?aei?e?inoaa, a a?aee?eo?noue nenoaie iioeaaoe?? ia?niiaeo — ??
i?ici??noue oa ?ioi?iaoe?eio aeinooii?noue aeey eiaeiiai i?aoe?aieea.

Aaaeeeaei iai?yiii i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? nenoaie iioeaaoe??
oi?aae?inueeiai ia?niiaeo ? iaa?oiooaaiiy no?oeoo?e ca?ia?oii? ieaoe,
yea iiaeiia a?aeia?aaeaoe o?oaeiaee aeeaae eiaeiiai i?aoe?aieea a
aeinyaiaiiy e?ioeaaiai ?acoeueoaoo. C iaoi? oi/ee ci?o aei /enea
no?oeoo?iooai?thth/eo iiaeia a?aeianoe oae? /eiieee: o?oaeiaee
iioaioe?ae ethaeeie, iinaaea, ?iaioa, ?iaeea?aeoaeueiee ?acoeueoao
?iaioe, eieaeoeaiee ?acoeueoao ?iaioe. O naith /a?ao eiaeai c iaaaaeaieo
/eiiee?a iiaea iaoe ??ciiiai?oi? e?euee?ni? /e ye?ni? oa?aeoa?enoeee
(?en.1).

?en.1. Noaia aca?iiae?? no?oeoo?iooai?thth/eo /eiiee?a ca?ia?oii? ieaoe

oi?aae?inueeiai ia?niiaeo

?icaeyiaii no?oeoo?o ca?ia?oii? ieaoe ia?niiaeo. Noaea /anoeia iniiaii?
ca?ia?oii? ieaoe f0* a?aeiia?aea? ieaei?e iaae? iinaaeiaiai ieeaaeo, a
ci?iia /anoeia (f0 ? ia?niiaeueia iaaeaaaea fg2 anoaiiaeththoueny o
a?aeiia?aeiino? aei o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo i?aoe?aieea. Oiiae aeeiiaiiy
?iaioe ciaoiaeyoue nai? a?aeia?aaeaiiy o aeieaoao fg4.

?iaeea?aeoaeueiee ?acoeueoao ae?yeueiino? i?aoe?aieea (ianya, ye?noue,
a/ani?noue, aeo?aoe ?ano?n?a ia aeeiiaiiy ?iaioe) aieeaa? ia ?ici??
aeiaai?iaee ca i?aoeth iiiaae anoaiiaeai? ii?ie fg1, ca o?oaeia? oni?oe
fg3, ca aeinyaiaiiy iioi/ieo ?acoeueoao?a fg5. *anoeie a?oiiaiai ?
nenoaiiiai aei?iaeo, ye? i?eiaaeathoue ia eiie?aoiiai aeeiiaaoey,
iicia/ai? /a?ac f?1, f?2, a eiiiainaoe?ei? ? aa?aio?ei? aeieaoe — /a?ac
f?g.

A caeaaeiino? a?ae iinoaaeaii? ia?aae i?aei?e?inoaii iaoe (aeinyaiaiiy
e?ioeaaiai /e i?ii?aeiiai ?acoeueoao?a) iiaeooue aeei?enoiaoaaoeny
nenoaie iioeaaoe?? ia?niiaeo, ye? iiaoaeiaai? ia canaaeao no?aoaa??
aa?aioiaaiiai ieeaaeo aai aa?aioiaaiiai i?i?iaeueiiai ca?ia?oeo.

Ca ia?oith no?aoaa??th i?aoe?aieeo aa?aioo?oueny uiiaeiaioa aeieaoa
iniiaii? ca?ia?oii? ieaoe ia o?eniaaiiio ??ai?. Aeiaai?iaee ca aenieo
i?iaeoeoeai?noue i?aoe?, ca o?oaeia? oni?oe o aeaeyae? iaaeaaaie aei
ia?niiaeueiiai ieeaaeo, ?ioeo caioi/oaaeueieo aeieao ia?aoiaothoueny oa
aeiea/othoueny o a?aeiia?aeiino? aei i?ii?aeieo oa e?ioeaaeo
?acoeueoao?a ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa. I?e oeueiio iaea?eueo aaaiieie
neeaaeieeaie ca?ia?oii? ieaoe, ye? i?aeeyaathoue ?aaoethaaiith ?
a?ae?a?athoue iniiaio ?ieue o iioeaaoe?? ia?niiaeo, ? aeiaai?iaee ca
i?aenoieaie ?iaioe a?oie ? eieaeoeao ca ??e (ca aeinyaiaiiy e?ioeaaeo
?acoeueoao?a ca ieaiiaee i?ii?aeie /ano).

Aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui ?iciiae?e eieaeoeaiiai aei?iaeo i?ae a?oiaie
? ie?aieie aeeiiaaoeyie ia? aeeiioaaoeny c o?aooaaiiyi aaaiiino? ?o
aeeaaeo a aeinyaiaiiy iaoe nenoaie, oa c o?aooaaiiyi a?aeiinieo
eiao?oe??io?a ?aae?caoe?? iioaioe?aeo a?oie /e i?aoe?aieea.

No?aoaa?th aa?aioiaaiiai i?i?iaeueiiai ca?ia?oeo aeioe?eueii
aeei?enoiaoaaoe i?e anoaiiaeaii? oe?eae ia ei?ioe? i?ii?aeee /ano
(eaa?oae, i?nyoeue). Aiia iieyaa? o oiio, ui i?aoe?aieeai aa?aioo?oueny
uii?ny/ia aeieaoa o ?ici???, yeee a?aeiia?aea? aeinyaiaiei ca oeae
i?ii?aeie /ano ?acoeueoaoai, aea ia iaioiio ca cia/aiiy i?i?iaeueiiai
?ici??o ca?ia?oii? ieaoi?.

Caaaeueia noaia oi?ioaaiiy ? ?iciiae?eo iaoa??aeueieo noeioe?a a aio/e?e
nenoai? iioeaaoe?? oi?aae?inueeiai ia?niiaeo iaaaaeaia ia ?en.2.

?en. 2. Noaia oi?ioaaiiy ? ?iciiae?eo iaoa??aeueieo noeioe?a

a aio/e?e nenoai? iioeaaoe?? oi?aae?inueeiai ia?niiaeo

Ia noai? i?eeiyo? oae? iicia/aiiy: (j — neaey?ia ioe?iea o?oaeiaiai
iioaioe?aeo j-ai i?aoe?aieea; ajl — aenia?oia ioe?iea l-i? iciaee; al* —
aoaeiiia cia/aiiy iciaee; fiej — ?ic?aooieiaee ieeaae j-ai i?aoe?aieea
k-i? eaoaai??? ia?niiaeo; fie* — ieaeiy iaaea iinaaeiaiai ieeaaeo (noaea
/anoeia); (fie — ci?iia /anoeia ieeaaeo; Fct — ?ici?? iaoa??aeueiiai
noeioethaaiiy eieaeoeao ca i?iaeoeoeaio ae?yeuei?noue o eaeaiaea?iiio
i?ii?aeeo /ano t; Fcnt, Fckt — ?ici??e iaoa??aeueiiai noeioethaaiiy
eieaeoeao ca aeinyaiaiiy iioi/ieo, e?ioeaaeo ?acoeueoao?a; n1, n2 —
eiao?oe??ioe i?iii?oe?eiino? ?iciiae?eo eieaeoeaiiai aei?iaeo; f5gij —
?ici?? aeieaoe ca aeinyaiaiiy iioi/iiai ?acoeueoaoo; Fot — oiiae
iniiaii? ca?ia?oii? ieaoe; Fck — ??/iee oiiae iaoa??aeueiiai
noeioethaaiiy eieaeoeao; Fi1 — ??/iee oiiae iaoa??aeueiiai noeioethaaiiy
ca aeinyaiaiiy e?ioeaaeo ?acoeueoao?a ooieoe?iiaeueieo i?ae?icae?e?a;
Fi2 — ??/iee oiiae iaoa??aeueiiai noeioethaaiiy ca aeinyaiaiiy
e?ioeaaiai ?acoeueoaoo i?aei?e?inoaa; (?1, (?2 — eiao?oe??ioe
i?iii?oe?eiino? ?iciiae?eo oiiaeo Fck; f1ij — ?ici?? a?oiiaiai aei?iaeo
j-ai i?aoe?aieea; f2ij — ?ici?? nenoaiiiai aei?iaeo j-ai i?aoe?aieea;
KjT — eiao?oe??io aeei?enoaiiy ??/iiai oiiaeo /ano ?iaioe j-ai
i?aoe?aieea; (j — eiao?oe??io ?aae?caoe?? o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo; (r —
eiao?oe??io aaaiiino? i?aoe?aiee?a r-i? a?oie; NK — /enaeuei?noue
i?aoe?aiee?a k-i? eaoaai???; (E — eiao?oe??io aaaiiino? ia?niiaeo k-i?
eaoaai???.

?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea oi?ioaaiiy aio/ei? nenoaie iioeaaoe??
oi?aae?inueeiai ia?niiaeo i?iieneiaiai i?aei?e?inoaa, ui aaco?oueny ia
cai?iiiiiaaieo a aeena?oaoe?? aeai?eoiao ?ic?aooie?a, aea? ciiao
aeeoa?aioe?eiaaii anoaiiaethaaoe ?ici?? aeiaai?iaee ca ?iaeea?aeoaeueiee
oa a?oiiaee aeeaae a aeinyaiaiiy iioi/ieo ? e?ioeaaeo ?acoeueoao?a
ooieoe?iioaaiiy i?aei?e?inoaa, ni?ey? i?aeaeuaiith i?iaeoeoeaiino?
ae?yeueiino? ia?niiaeo.

AENIIAEE

1. Iaoeiaa i?iaeaia oaeineiiaeaiiy oi?aae?iiy ia?niiaeii a nenoai?
iaiaaeaeiaioo i?iieneiaiai i?aei?e?inoaa ioiieth? caaaeaiiy ?ic?iaee
aoaeoeaii? i?aai?caoe?eii? no?oeoo?e oi?aae?iiy ia?niiaeii,
iaa?oiooaaiiy nenoaie ioe?iee i?iaeoeoeaiino? oa iaoai?ci?a
iioeaaoe?eiiai aieeao ia oi?aae?inueeee ia?niiae, oi?ioaaiiy
?aoe?iiaeueii? no?oeoo?e ia?niiaeo a oiiaao ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe??
ae?iaieoeoaa, ?ic?iaee iaoiae?a nioe?aeueii? (ae?iaie/i?) ioe?iee
ia?niiaeo ye iniiae aeey i?eeiyooy ??oaiue uiaei ia?niiaeueiiai neeaaeo
i?aoe?aiee?a.

2. A nenoai? iaiaaeaeiaioo i?iieneiaiai i?aei?e?inoaa iaaeinoaoiuei
aeei?enoiaothoueny iaoai?cie iioeaaoe?eiiai aieeao ia ia?niiae, ia a
iiai?e i??? aeei?enoiaothoueny iaoiaee aeeoa?aioe?eiaaii? aeiaai?iaee ca
aoaeoeaio ?iaeea?aeoaeueio ? eieaeoeaio ae?yeuei?noue, ca o?oaeiaee
iioaioe?ae i?aoe?aiee?a oiui. Ia canaaeao aeei?enoaiiy oaeeo iaoiae?a ye
nenoaiiee aiae?c, ?aa?an?eii-ei?aeyoe?eiee aiae?c, iioeiaeueia
ieaioaaiiy aeine?aeaeai? caeiiii??iino? oi?ioaaiiy no?oeoo?e ia?niiaeo,
iaa?oioiaai? i?eioeeie ? cai?iiiiiaai? i?aeoiaee aei ?ic?iaee
iioeaaoe?eieo iaoai?ci?a, eeaneo?eiaai? oaeoi?e, ye? aieeaathoue ia
ioe?ieo o?oaeiaiai ia?niiaeo ? no?oeoo?o iaoa??aeueieo noeioe?a.
Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe iiaeooue aeei?enoiaoaaoeny iaoeiaoeyie aeey
iiaeaeueoiai aaeineiiaeaiiy ? ?icaeoeo ooieoe?e iioeaaoe?? a
iaiaaeaeiaio?, iaoiaeee ioe?iee ia?niiaeo oa i?iaeoeoeaiino? eiai
ae?yeueiino?.

3. Ea??aieeai i?aei?e?inoa ? ainiiaea?nueeeo oiaa?enoa aeioe?eueii
aeei?enoiaoaaoe ?aa?an?ei? oa iioei?caoe?eio iiaeae? oi?ioaaiiy
no?oeoo?e ia?niiaeo, ae?iaie/i ? nioe?aeueii i???ioiaai? iaoiaeeee
?aaoethaaiiy /enaeueiino? i?aoe?aiee?a i?e ?ic?iaoe? ? ai?iaaaeaeaii?
i?ia?aie ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? ae?iaieoeoaa. Neoaeaai oi?aae?iiy ia?niiaeii,
a?aeae?eai i?aoe? oa ca?ia?oii? ieaoe iiaeia ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe aei
aeei?enoaiiy iaoiaeeeo oi?ioaaiiy aio/ei? nenoaie iioeaaoe?? ia?niiaeo.
A ?acoeueoao? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy aoaeoeaieo iaoai?ci?a ?aaoethaaiiy
/enaeueiino? oa iioeaaoe?? ia?niiaeo iiaeia caiia?aoe nioe?aeueiiai
iai?oaeaiiy a eieaeoea?, aeinyaiooe aeniei? i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe?
ia?niiaeo.

4. I?i?noa?noao i?iieneiai? iie?oeee Oe?a?ie oa I?i?noa?noao i?aoe?
Oe?a?ie i?e oi?ioaaii? ii?iaoeaieo ? caoaa?aeaeaii? iaoiaee/ieo
iaoa??ae?a c oi?aae?iiy ia?niiaeii iiaeia a?aoiaoaaoe ?aeiiaiaeaoe??
uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy i?aai?caoe?eii? no?oeoo?e neoaeae oi?aae?iiy
ia?niiaeii, iiaoaeiae nenoaie iieaciee?a ioe?iee ae?yeueiino?
oi?aae?inueeiai ia?niiaeo oa ioe?iee o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo
i?aoe?aiee?a. Oea ni?eyoeia iaa?oioiaaiiio aeai?o ? ?iciiae?eo ooieoe?e
oa caaaeaiue eaae?iaiai iaiaaeaeiaioo i?ae no?oeoo?ieie i?ae?icae?eaie
neoaeae oi?aae?iiy ia?niiaeii, noeioethaaiith ?icaeoeo iioaioe?aeo
i?aoe?aiee?a oa i?aaiaiith aei eiai iiaii? ?aae?caoe??.

Nienie iioae?eiaaieo i?aoeue ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??

1.?oaeieoeueea I.I. Iaoiaee i?aeaeuaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe? ia?niiaeo
//Iaiaaeaeiaio oa i?aei?e?iieoeoai a Oe?a?i?: aoaie noaiiaeaiiy oa
i?iaeaie ?icaeoeo /A?niee Aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo «Euea?anueea
iie?oaoi?ea». — N 319. — Euea?a: Aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao «Euea?anueea
iie?oaoi?ea», 1997. — N.134-140.

2. ?oaeieoeueea I.I. Oi?ioaaiiy nenoaie iieaoe i?aoe? i?aoe?aiee?a
i?iieneiaiai i?aei?e?inoaa a ?eieiaeo oiiaao ainiiaea?thaaiiy
//I?iieneiai-o?iainia? a?oie a Oe?a?i?: i?iaeaie noai?aiiy, noaiiaeaiiy
oa ?icaeoeo /A?niee Aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo «Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea».
— N 328. — Euea?a: Aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao «Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea»,
1998. -N.27-29.

3. ?oaeieoeueea I.I. Aiae?c nenoaie iieaciee?a aei??thaaiiy
i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe? ?io?ano?oeoo?iiai ia?niiaeo //Iaiaaeaeiaio oa
i?aei?e?iieoeoai a Oe?a?i?: aoaie noai?aiiy ? i?iaeaie ?icaeoeo /A?niee
Aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo «Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea». — N 329. — Euea?a:
Aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao «Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea», 1998. — N.50-55.

4. ?oaeieoeueea I.I. Aiae?c ooieoe?e ? caaea/ oi?aae?iiy ia?niiaeii
//I?iaeaie aeiiii?ee oa oi?aae?iiy /A?niee Aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo
«Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea». — N 338. — Euea?a: Aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao
«Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea», 1998. — N.68-74.

5. ?oaeieoeueea I.I., Oauo? ?.A., ssai?nueea I.?. ?ic?iaea iaoiaeeee
i?aeaeuaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe? a oiiaao no?oeoo?ii? ia?aaoaeiae
aeiiii?ee //Iaiaaeaeiaio oa i?aei?e?iieoeoai a Oe?a?i?: aoaie
noaiiaeaiiy oa i?iaeaie ?icaeoeo /A?niee Aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo
«Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea» . — N 319. — Euea?a: Aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao
«Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea», 1997. — N. 7-12. [Iniaenoee aianie
caeiaoaa/a: nioe?aeueii i???ioiaaia iaoiaeeea aea?eueiaiiy iaaeeeoeiai?
/enaeueiino? ia?niiaeo].

6. ?oaeieoeueea I.I., Oauo? ?.A. I?iaeoeoeai?noue i?aoe? oa i?iaeaie
caeiyoino? ia?niiaeo i?iieneiaiai i?aei?e?inoaa — aiae?c ? iiaeaethaaiiy
//I?iieneiai-o?iainia? a?oie a Oe?a?i?: i?iaeaie noai?aiiy, noaiiaeaiiy
oa ?icaeoeo /A?niee Aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo «Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea».
— N 328. — Euea?a: Aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao «Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea»,
1998. — N.47-49. [Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a: ?ic?iaeaia oeaea ioe?iee
oaeoi??a, ye? a?aoiaothoueny i?e a?aeai?? ia?niiaeo].

7. ?oaeieoeueea I.I., Oauo? ?.A. Ieaioaaiiy /enaeueiino? ia?niiaeo ye
aoaeoeaiee iaoiae i?aeaeoaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe? a oiiaao
no?oeoo?ii? ia?aaoaeiae aeiiii?ee //Iaiaaeaeiaio oa i?aei?e?iieoeoai a
Oe?a?i?: aoaie noai?aiiy ? i?iaeaie ?icaeoeo /A?niee Aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo «Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea». — N 329. — Euea?a: Aea?aeaaiee
oi?aa?neoao «Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea», 1998. — N.98-105.[Iniaenoee
aianie caeiaoaa/a: aoaie ieaioaaiiy /enaeueiino? ia?niiaeo].

8. ?oaeieoeueea I.I. ?ic?iaea iaoai?cio ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? iieaoe i?aoe?
i?aoe?aiee?a i?iieneiaiai i?aei?e?inoaa //Iaoa??aee i?aeia?iaeii?
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? «O?oaeiaee iioaioe?ae Oe?a?ie ? eiai
?ai?aai?caoe?y a oiiaao ?icaoaeiae iaoe?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee». — Euea?a,
1997. -N.231-235.

9. Eocuei?i I.?., ?oaeieoeueea I.I., Oauo? ?.A. I?aeaeuaiiy
i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe? oa i?iaeaia caeiyoino? ia?niiaeo i?iieneiaiai
i?aei?e?inoaa //Iaoa??aee i?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe??
«O?oaeiaee iioaioe?ae Oe?a?ie ? eiai ?ai?aai?caoe?y a oiiaao ?icaoaeiae
iaoe?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee». — Euea?a, 1997. — N.178-182.[Iniaenoee aianie
caeiaoaa/a: iaoiaeeea i?aeaeuaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe? oi?aae?inueeiai
ia?niiaeo].

10. ?oaeieoeueea I.I., Ie/eii?oe I.N. Iaoai?ci ?iaeea?aeoaeueii?
ca?ia?oii? ieaoi? i?aoe?aiee?a i?iieneiaiai i?aei?e?inoaa //I?iaeaie
aeiiii?ee oa oi?aae?iiy /A?niee Aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo «Euea?anueea
iie?oaoi?ea». — N 306. — Euea?a: Aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao «Euea?anueea
iie?oaoi?ea», 1996. — N.113-116. [Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a:
anoaiiaeaiiy ?ici??o ca?ia?oii? ieaoe i?aoe?aieea c a?aooaaiiyi
e?eoa???a ioe?iee i?aoe? oa ooieoe?e, ye? aeeiio? i?aoe?aiee].

11. Eocuei?i I.?., Oauo? ?.A., ?oaeieoeueea I.I.
Ii?iaoeaii-ooieoe?iiaeueia iiaeaeue anoaiiaeaiiy /enaeueiino? ?
no?oeoo?e i?aoe?aiee?a i?iieneiaiai i?aei?e?inoaa //Iaoa??aee
i?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? «Nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i?
i?iaeaie ae?iaie/i-iie?a?ao?/iiai eiiieaeno oa eiai ?io?ano?oeoo?». —
Euea?a, — 1996. — N.73-76. [Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a: aeae?eaiiy
aoai?a aii?ioaaiiy /enaeueiino? i?aoe?aiee?a i?iieneiaiai
i?aei?e?inoaa].

12. ?oaeieoeueea I.I. Eaae?iaa iie?oeea a oi?aae?ii? i?aei?e?inoaii
//Iaoa??aee i?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? «Ia?eaoeia oa
eia?noeea a nenoai? iaiaaeaeiaioo». — Euea?a, 1996. — N.238-240.

13. ?oaeieoeueea I.I., Oauo? I.?., Oauo? ?.A. Noai?aiiy nenoaie iieaoe
i?aoe? niaoe?ae?no?a i?iieneiaiai i?aei?e?inoaa a oiiaao ?aoi?ioaaiiy
aeiiii?ee //I?iaeaie aeiiii?ee ? oi?aae?iiy /A?niee Aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo «Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea». Ca. iaoe.-i?eee. i?. N 293.
-Euea?a: Aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao «Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea». — 1995. —
N.39-41. [Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a: ?ic?iaea iiieaeoth/eo
eiao?oe??io?a].

14. ?oaeieoeueea I.I., Aaicaeueia N.N., Oauo? ?.A., Oauo? I.?.
Iaa?oiooaaiiy ? aea?? nenoaie iieaoe i?aoe? ia iaoeiiaoae?aiiio
i?aei?e?inoa? //I?iaeaie aeiiii?ee ? oi?aae?iiy /A?niee Aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo «Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea». Ca. iaoe.-i?eee. i?. N 284. —
Euea?a: Aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao «Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea». — 1994. —
N.32-33. [Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a: ?ic?iaea nenoaie iieaoe i?aoe? c
aa?aioiaaiith ieaeiueith iaaeath ieeaaeo].

15. ?oaeieoeueea I.I., Aaicaeueia N.N., Oauo? ?.A., Oauo? I.?. Iiaoaeiaa
aoaeoeaiiai iaoai?cio iieaoe i?aoe? //I?iaeaie aeiiii?ee ? oi?aae?iiy
/A?niee Aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo «Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea». Ca.
iaoe.-i?eee. i?. N 274. — Euea?a: Aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao «Euea?anueea
iie?oaoi?ea». — 1993. — N.33-35. [Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a: ?iciiae?e
nenoaie iciae, ye? aieeaathoue ia ?ici?? iieaoe i?aoe? ia a?oie].

16. Eocueiei I.?., ?oaeieoeeay I.I., Aa?aeineay A.N. Oicyenoaaiiue
?an/ao a a?eaaaeao ?aiiioii-iaoaie/aneiai oeaoa //Niaa?oainoaiaaiea
i?aaiecaoeee, oi?aaeaiey e eiio?iey /Aanoiee Eueaianeiai i?aeaia Eaieia
iieeoaoie/aneiai einoeoooa . — N 235. — Eueaia: Eueaianeee i?aeaia
Eaieia iieeoaoie/aneee einoeooo,1989. — N.96-98. [Iniaenoee aianie
caeiaoaa/a: anoaiiaeaiiy EOO ?iaeaia?ii-oaoi?/iei i?aoe?aieeai].

17. Eocueiei I.A., ?oaeieoeeay I.I., Eioee Y.I., Oo?e/ I.I. Aooanoaoeey
EO? e neoaeaueo a iiauo oneiaeyo oicyenoaiaaiey //Niaa?oainoaiaaiea
i?aaiecaoeee, oi?aaeaiey e eiio?iey /Aanoiee Eueaianeiai i?aeaia Eaieia
iieeoaoie/aneiai einoeoooa . — N 225. — Eueaia: Eueaianeee i?aeaia
Eaieia iieeoaoie/aneee einoeooo, 1988. — N.32-35. [Iniaenoee aianie
caeiaoaa/a: oeaea ioe?iie oaeoi??a, ye? a?aoiaothoueny i?e i?iaaaeaii?
aoanoaoe?? ?OI].

18. ?oaeieoeeay I.I., Ei?iaethe E.A., Aa?aeineay A.N., Nanue E.A.
Yeiiiie/aneea i?iaeaiu niaa?oainoaiaaiey no?oeoo?u oi?aaeaiey
oaoie/aneei ianeoaeeaaieai a i?iecaiaenoaaiiii iauaaeeiaiee
//Niaa?oainoaiaaiea i?aaiecaoeee, oi?aaeaiey e eiio?iey /Aanoiee
Eueaianeiai i?aeaia Eaieia iieeoaoie/aneiai einoeoooa. — ?;224. —
Eueaia: Eueaianeee i?aeaia Eaieia iieeoaoie/aneee einoeooo. 1987. —
N.25-27. [Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a: no?oeoo?a oi?aae?iiy a?aeae?eii
?ino?oiaioaeueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa].

19. ?oaeieoeeay I.I., Aa?aeineay A.N. Iiauoaiea ?iee oiiaea
iaoa?eaeueiiai iiiu?aiey a onei?aiee iao/ii-oaoie/aneiai ?acaeoey
aniiiiaaoaeueiiai i?iecaiaenoaa //Iaoa?eaeu ?anioaeeeaineie iao/iie
eiioa?aioeee «Iiauoaiea niaa?oainoaiaaiey oeiainiai-e?aaeeoiiai
iaoaiecia a no?oeoo?iuo caaiueyo ia?iaeiiai oicyenoaa», — Iaeanna, 1986.
— N.136. [Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a: ia’?aeiaiiy a?aeae?e?a oi?aae?iiy
aeiiii?aeiei ae?iaieoeoaii c a?aeiia?aeieie oeaoaie].

20. ?oaeieoeeay I.I., Aa?aeineay A.N. Niaa?oainoaiaaiea ?ani?aaeaeaiey
ca?aaioiie ieaou a a?eaaaeao eae oaeoi? iiauoaiey i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe
o?oaea //Iaoa?eaeu Ananithciie iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneie eiioa?aioeee
«Nia?aiaiiua i?iaeaiu iiauoaiey i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe o?oaea a
i?iiuoeaiiinoe», — Aeiiaoee, 1985. — N.152-153. [Iniaenoee aianie
caeiaoaa/a: cai?iaaaeaeaiiy eiao?oe??ioa o?oaeiai? o/ano?].

AIIOAOe?ss

?oaeieoeueea I.I. Iaiaaeaeiaio ia?niiaeo i?iieneiaiai i?aei?e?inoaa. —
?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 08.06.02 — I?aei?e?iieoeoai, iaiaaeaeiaio oa
ia?eaoeia — AeO «Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea», Euea?a, 1999.

A aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? ?icaeyioo? ieoaiiy i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
oi?aae?iiy ia?niiaeii a nenoai? iaiaaeaeiaioo i?iieneiaiai
i?aei?e?inoaa. Ia i?aenoaa? aiae?co oeiiaeo ooieoe?e ? caaaeaiue
?ic?iaeaia no?oeoo?a neoaeae oi?aae?iiy ia?niiaeii. Iaa?oioiaaia
iaoiaeeea ioe?iee o?oaeiaiai aeeaaeo i?aoe?aieea, a?oie i?aoe?aiee?a a
e?ioeaaee ?acoeueoao ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa, ?ic?iaeaia eiioeaioe?y
?aaoethaaiiy /enaeueiino? ia?niiaeo ia i?aenoaa? ae?iaie/i? aai
nioe?aeueii? i???ioaoe?? oa iaa?oioiaaia iaoiaeeea ieaioaaiiy no?oeoo?e
ia?niiaeo c aeei?enoaiiyi iae?i?eieo ?aa?an?eieo ? iioei?caoe?eieo
iiaeaeae. Iaa?oioiaai? i?eioeeie ? ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaee/i? canaaee
oi?ioaaiiy aio/ei? nenoaie iioeaaoe?? oi?aae?inueeiai ia?niiaeo.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: oi?aae?inueeee ia?niiae, iioeaaoe?y, eaae?iaee
iaiaaeaeiaio, iioaioe?ae, aoaeoeai?noue, oi?ioaaiiy /enaeueiino?.

ABSTRAKT

O.M.Rudnytska. Human Resource Management of Industrial Enterprise —
Manuskript.

A dissertation to compete for a Candidate’s Degree in economic science,
speciality 08.06.02.- Enterpreneurship, management and marketing — Lviv
Polytechnic State University, Lviv, 1999.

In the dissertation the problem of raising manpower management
effectiveness in the system of industrial enterprise management has been
considered. The analysis of typical functions and tasks having been
taken as a principle, the structure of a manpower management service has
been developed. The methodology of assessing labor contribution of a
worker as well as that of a workers’ team to the final result of
enterprise functioning has been substantiated. The concept of forming
personnel numbers on the grounds of productional and social orientation
has been worked out. The methodology of calculating personnel numbers
after nonlinear regressive and optimizing models has been grounded.

The principles and methodological bases of developing a flexible system
of managerial personnel motives have been elaborated.

The key words are as follows: managerial personnel, motivation, manpower
management, potential, effectiveness, forming of numbers.

AIIIOAOeEss

?oaeieoeeay I.I. Iaiaaeaeiaio ia?niiaea i?iiuoeaiiiai i?aaei?eyoey. —
?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa yeiiiie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.06.02 — I?aaei?eieiaoaeuenoai, iaiaaeaeiaio e
ia?eaoeia — AO «Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea», Eueaia, 1999.

A aeenna?oaoeee ?anniio?aiu aii?inu iiauoaiey yooaeoeaiinoe oi?aaeaiey
ia?niiaeii a nenoaia iaiaaeaeiaioa i?iiuoeaiiiai i?aaei?eyoey. Ia
iniiaaiee oeiiauo ooieoeee e caaea/ ?ac?aaioaia no?oeoo?a neoaeau
oi?aaeaiey ia?niiaeii, eioi?ay aace?oaony ia eiioeaioeee iaeneiaeueiiai
?acaeoey iioaioeeaeueiuo e eniieueciaaiee i?eia?aoaiiuo
eaaeeoeeaoeeiiii-i?ioanneiiaeueiuo ea/anoa eaaeaeiai ?aaioieea, /oi
i?eaiaeeo e iaiaoiaeeiinoe ?aoaiey eiioeaiooaeueiuo aii?inia ioeaiee
o?oaeiaiai iioaioeeaea /aeiaaea, ecia?aiey eiee/anoaa e ea/anoaa
auiieiyaiie ?aaiou. Yooaeoeaiinoue ?aaeecaoeee no?aoaaee ?acaeoey
i?aaei?eyoey ii?aaeaeyaony i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoueth o?oaea ia?niiaea, /oi
niinianoaoao iiauoaieth ?iee neoaeau oi?aaeaiey ia?niiaeii a nenoaia
iaiaaeaeiaioa i?aaei?eyoey e noaaeo aunieea o?aaiaaiey e
?aoeeiiaeueiinoe e aeaeinoe aa i?aaiecaoeeiiiie no?oeoo?u. Iaeaieaa
oa?aeoa?iuie e ii?aaeaeythueie noa?aie, eioi?ua ioaaouaaao nenoaia
eaae?iaiai iaiaaeaeiaioa ia i?aaei?eyoee — yoi noa?u oi?aaeaiey
ia?niiaeii, iioeaaoeeiiiuie oneiaeyie o?oaea ia?niiaea e aai
eioi?iaoeeiiiui ianeoaeeaaieai. Iiaeaioiaea eiiiaoaioiiai ia?niiaea,
niiniaiiai e i?iecaiaeeoaeueiie ?aaioa a oneiaeyo ?uiea, aai
?aoeeiiaeueiia ?aciauaiea, iaaeeaaeauay iioeaaoeey a eiia/iii
?acoeueoaoa caaenyo io o?iaiy ooieoeeiiaeueiiai iioaioeeaea nenoaiu
eaae?iaiai iaiaaeaeiaioa.

Aeaeueiaeoaa ?acaeoea iieo/eea eiioeaioeey iioaioeeaea /aeiaaea eae
iiiaioiie oa?aeoa?enoeee aai ninoiyiey e o?oaeiaiai iioaioeeaea /aeiaaea
eae oa?aeoa?enoeee niioiioaiey «aiciiaeiinoe — oeaee — yooaeoeaiinoue».

Iainiiaaia iaoiaeeea ioeaiee o?oaeiaiai aeeaaea ioaeaeueiiai ?aaioieea e
eieeaeoeaa a oeaeii. Aeey ioeaiee i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe o?oaea oao
eaoaai?ee ia?niiaea, aeey eioi?uo iauai ?aaiou iiaeaeaaony
ii?ie?iaaieth, oeaeaniia?acii eniieueciaaoue iieacaoaee «au?aaioea»,
«o?oaeiaieinoue». Aeey aieueoeinoaa ia?niiaea i?iiuoeaiiiai i?aaei?eyoey
ii?aaeaeaiea i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe o?oaea noaeeeaaaony n i?aa?aaeie a
aeaea iaii?aaeaeaiiinoe iiiyoey «i?iaeoeoeey oi?aaeai/aneiai ia?niiaea».
A nayce n oai, /oi oi?aaeai/aneee ia?niiae auiieiyao eae iniiaioth, oae
e iai?ioeeueioth ?aaioo, aaaaeai iieacaoaeue oeia «oaeaeueiua cao?aou
a?aiaie ia auiieiaiea iniiaiie ?aaiou». A ea/anoaa oieaa?naeueiiai
iieacaoaey i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe o?oaea ?aeiiaiaeoaony eniieueciaaoue
eioaa?aeueiue iieacaoaeue, eioi?ue o/eouaaao ioeaiee iauaia, ea/anoaa e
naiaa?aiaiiinoe auiieiaiey ?aaiou.

A ?acoeueoaoa aiaeeca iaoiaeia iiauoaiey o?iaiy i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe
o?oaea ia?niiaea onoaiiaeaia iauay iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoue ?aoaiey yoie
caaea/e ia i?aaei?eyoee, i?aaeeiaeaiu iaoiaeu iiauoaiey
i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe o?oaea ia?niiaea a oneiaeyo ?ano?oeoo?ecaoeee
i?iecaiaenoaa. N o/aoii ia?aie/aiee ia ?ano?niia iaania/aiea, ia
ieaiiaua cia/aiey iniiaiuo iieacaoaeae yooaeoeaiinoe i?iecaiaenoaa e
i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe o?oaea ?ac?aaioaia eiioeaioeey e iino?iaia
aiaeeoe/aneay iiaeaeue caaea/e iioeiaeueiiai ieaie?iaaiey no?oeoo?u
ia?niiaea i?iiuoeaiiiai i?aaei?eyoey. Oaeie iiaeoiae aeaao aiciiaeiinoue
onoaiiaeoue iioeiaeueiia niioiioaiea iaaeaeo /eneaiiinoueth ia?niiaea e
iauaiii i?iecaiaenoaa i?iaeoeoeee. Oniaa?oainoaiaaia nioeeaeueii
i?eaioe?iaaiiay iaoiaeeea ?aaoee?iaaiey /eneaiiinoe ia?niiaea, eioi?ay
niaea?aeeo ianneaiua e aeoeaiua ia?ii?eyoey. Iainiiaaia oeaea ioeaiie
ia?niiaea n o/aoii aic?anoa, noaaea ?aaiou, yeiiiie/aneiai aeaaiiieo/ey
e ninoiyiey caei?iauey ?aaioieea e /eaiia aai naiuee.

N o/?oii iniaaiiinoae ooieoeeiie?iaaiey ?uiea o?oaea e aai aeeyiey ia
i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoue ia?niiaea ?ac?aaioaia aeaeay nenoaia iioeaaoeee
oi?aaeai/aneiai ia?niiaea i?iiuoeaiiiai i?aaei?eyoey, eioi?ay ioaa/aao
oaeei i?eioeeiai: aeaeinoe, nenoaiiinoe, niioaaonoaey,
no?oeoo?e?iaaiiinoe, ioe?uoinoe.

I?eioeei aeaeinoe caeeth/aaony a oii, /oi nenoaia iioeaaoeee aeieaeia
eiaoue niiniaiinoue e iia?aoeaiiio ?aaae?iaaieth ia eciaiaiea aiaoieo e
aioo?aiieo oneiaee, a oaeaea ia eciaiaiea aeiaaeueiuo e eieaeueiuo
oeaeae i?aaei?eyoey. I?eioeei nenoaiiinoe i?aaeiieaaaao iieiia
ioia?aaeaiea eiaeeaeaeoaeueiiai aeeaaea ?aaioieea a aeinoeaeaiea
eiia/iuo ?acoeueoaoia i?aaei?eyoey /a?ac caaiuey «?aaioiee —
aeieaeiinoue — ?aaioa» e «?aaioiee — a?oiia — eieeaeoea».

I?eioeei niioaaonoaey caeeth/aaony a onoaiiaeaiee oaeiai o?iaiy
iioeaaoeee ia?niiaea, eioi?ue ioaa/aao eiee/anoao, ea/anoao e aaniiinoe
cao?a/aiiiai o?oaea. No?oeoo?e?iaaiiinoue oa?aeoa?ecoao iaiaoiaeeiinoue
?acaeaeaiey ca?aaioiie ieaou ia /anoe, eaaeaeay eo eioi?uo aeieaeia
ioia?aaeaoue ee/iue aeeaae ?aaioieea a aeinoeaeaiea oaeoueo, eiia/iuo e
aoaeoueo ?acoeueoaoia i?iecaiaenoaaiii-oicyenoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe
i?aaei?eyoey. I?eioeei ioe?uoinoe nenoaiu iioeaaoeee ia?niiaea
i?aaeiieaaaao a? i?ic?a/iinoue e eioi?iaoeeiiioth aeinooiiinoue aeey
eaaeaeiai ?aaioieea.

?ac?aaioaiiay iaoiaeeea oi?ie?iaaiey aeaeie nenoaiu iioeaaoeee o?oaea
oi?aaeai/aneiai ia?niiaea i?iiuoeaiiiai i?aaei?eyoey, eioi?ay aace?oaony
ia i?aaeoniio?aiiuo a aeenna?oaoeee aeai?eoiao ?an/?oia, aea?o
aiciiaeiinoue aeeooa?aioee?iaaiii onoaiaaeeaaoue ?acia? aiciaa?aaeaeaiey
ca eiaeeaeaeoaeueiue e a?oiiiaie aeeaae a aeinoeaeaiea oaeoueo e
eiia/iuo ?acoeueoaoia ooieoeeiie?iaaiey i?aaei?eyoey, niinianoaoao
iiauoaieth i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe o?oaea oi?aaeai/aneiai ia?niiaea.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: oi?aaeai/aneee ia?niiae, iioeaaoeey, eaae?iaue
iaiaaeaeiaio, iioaioeeae, yooaeoeaiinoue, no?oeoo?a, ?aaoee?iaaiea
/eneaiiinoe, aeaeay nenoaia.

PAGE

NO?OEOO?A CA?IA?OII? IEAOE I?AOe?AIEEA

Ciai?oi? /eiieee

I?AOe?AIEE

iaoa

iioaioe?ae

iinaaea

NENOAIA

iaoa

no?oeoo?a oi?aae?iiy

eoeueoo?a i?aai?caoe??

?IAIOA

oa?aeoa?enoeee

oiiae

?IAeEA?AeOAEUeIEE ?ACOEUeOAO

ye?noue

ianya

aeo?aoe ?ano?n?a

EIEAEOEAIEE (A?OIIAEE) ?ACOEUeOAO

i?ii?aeiee

e?ioeaaee

Ii/aoie

Ioe?iea OIE

Anoaiiaeaiiy ?ici??o ieeaaeo

Oi?ioaaiiy ? iaa?iiaaeaeaiiy

Fnit, Fckt

?iciiae?e iaoa??aeueieo noeioe?a ca aeinyaiaiiy iioi/ieo ?acoeueoao?a

?iciiae?e iaoa??aeueieo noeioe?a ca aeinyaiaiiy e?ioeaaeo ?acoeueoao?a

?iciiae?e a?oiiaiai aei?iaeo Fi1

?iciiae?e nenoaiiiai aei?iaeo Fi2

E?iaoeue

(j = min {ajl / al*}

Fokj = f*ok + (j ( (fok

Fnt = Fcit + Fckt

Fcit / Fckt = c1 / c2

f5gtj = fokj ( Fcnt / Fot

Fck = Fi1 + Fi2

Fi1 / Fi2 = (i1 / (i2

f1ij = kjT ( (j ( (r ( Fi1

f2ij = kjT ( (1 / Nk) ( (k ( Fi2

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