Oe?a?inueeee iaoeiaee a?a??i?/iee oeaio?

OAeE 618.3.+575.191

AIIAeA?AIEI Iaey A?eoi??aia

IAAeEEI-AAIAOE*IA EIINOEUeOOAAIIss I?E IAAEIIOOAAII? AAA?OIINO?

03.00.15 — aaiaoeea

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
iaaee/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1998

Aeena?oaoe?y ? ?oeiienii.

?iaioo aeeiiaii a ?aaii-O?aie?anuee?e aea?aeaai?e iaaee/i?e aeaaeai??
IIC Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeia? ea??aieee: aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Eiaaeue/oe Ea?ena
?aaai?aia, ?aaii-O?aie?anueea aea?aeaaia iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y
caa?aeoaa/ea eaoaae?e iaaee/ii? a?ieia?? oa aaiaoeee;

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aa?eeye ?ai? ?iiaiiae/, Oe?a?inueeee
iaoeiaee a?a??i?/iee oeaio?, aee?aeoi?.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

1. Aoae??anueea O.?., aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, caa?aeoaa/ea
eaoaae?e iaaee/ii? aaiaoeee Ee?anueei? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai??
i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe IIC Oe?a?ie

2. A?a/ai?ia I.ss., aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, Oa?e?anueeee
?inoeooo oaeineiiaeaiiy e?ea??a, caa?aeoaa/ea eaoaae?e ee?i?/ii?
aaiaoeee.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — Euea?anueeee IAe? niaaeeiai? iaoieia??.

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 23 “ aeiaoiy 1998?. i 10
aiaeei? ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.604.01 i?e
Oe?a?inueeiio iaoeiaiio a?a??i?/iiio oeaio??: 253660, Ee?a — 94, aoe.
Iiioae?aiea, 50.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Oe?a?inueeiai
iaoeiaiai a?a??i?/iiai oeaio?o: 253660, Ee?a — 94, aoe. Iiioae?aiea, 50.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “17“aa?aniy1998?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii?

a/aii? ?aaee, eaiaeeaeao iaae. iaoe Naeaciueia A.TH.

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Aeaiia?ao?/ia neooaoe?y a Oe?a?i?, ??aaiue
caei?ia’y ae?oae oa ?ai?iaeoeoeaiee noai ae?iie ia?aaoaathoue a oeaio??
oaaae no/anii? iaaee/ii? iaoee. Oea coiiaeaii e?eciaeie yaeuaie a
iniiaieo aeaiia?ao?/ieo i?ioeanao (cieaeaiiy ia?iaeaeoaaiino?,
ca?eueoaiiy iieaciee?a caaaeueii?, iaetheiai? nia?oiino?, i?e?iaeaeaii?
oa niaaeeiai? iaoieia??), a oaeiae c?inoaiiyi oyaa?a ?iceaae?a
?ai?iaeoeoeaiiai caei?ia’y ianaeaiiy (Aa?eeye ?.?. ? ni?aaao., 1995;
Na?aethe A.I. ? ni?aaao., 1996, A?a/ai?ia I.ss., 1998). Inoaii?
aecia/athoue ye noai, i?e yeiio ?ai?iaeoeoeaiee i?ioean cae?enith?oueny
o iiaiiio o?ce/iiio, ineo?/iiio, nioe?aeueiiio aeaaiiieo//?, a ia eeoa
i?e a?aenooiino? oai?ia /e ?iceaae?a ?ai?iaeoeoe?? (Na?aethe A.I,
Oei/aiei I.?., 1997).

A Oe?a?i? ieoiia aaaa iaie?aeieo oetha?a neeaaea? 15%-20% ? iaei
a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae oaei? o aeiiii?/ii ?icaeiaieo e?a?iao ?a?iie
(15-22%) oa NOA (14,2-16,4%) (?aaithoa E.?., 1996, Templeton A.A.,
1992). Iaei??th c iniiaieo i?e/ei aacie?aeaey ? ieiia?euei? aeeeaei?
(IA). ?o e?euee?noue o na?o? noaiiaeoue 8-20% a?ae aaaeaieo aaa?oiinoae,
a a Oe?a?i? — 6.1% (Na?aethe A.I., 1997). I?e oeueiio ne?ae a?aoiaoaaoe,
ui cia/ia /enei IA ?aae?co?oueny a ia?o? aei? aaa?oiino? ?, ye i?aaeei,
ia ?a?no?o?oueny, a 90% — o ia?oiio o?eiano?? (Ai/eia I.I., Eacthe A.?.,
1991). Oi/a iaaeiiooaaiiy aaa?oiino? (IA) noaiiaeoue ee?i?/ii iie?ii?oio
oa ao?ieia?/ii aaoa?iaaiio a?oio ?ai?iaeoeoeaii? iaoieia?? (Aieioa
A.ss., 1986), aei 50%-60% ?aii?o IA iia’ycai? c o?iiiniiieie ? aaiiiieie
iooaoe?yie aaiao, ui i?ecaiaeyoue aei oi?ioaaiiy a?oaeo ii?ooaiue
niaaeeiaiai aia?aoo aia??iia ? ieiaea (Eoeaeia A.E., Neaeaeueieeiaa
A.I., 1996). *anoioa i?e?iaeaeaieo aaae ?icaeoeo ia ii/aoeo 80-o ?ie?a
noaiiaeea 1.27% , a a na?aaeei? — 2.49% , c ieo 1/3 aeiaaee?a
ni?e/eiaia aiiiae?yie o?iiinii (Aeaaeaeia E.ss., Aiaoaeei I.C., 1995;
Na?aethe A.I. ? ni?aaao., 1995; Aa?eeye ?.?. ? ni?aaao., 1996). Aa?o/e
aei oaaae aenieee ?ecee ia?iaeaeaiiy ae?oae c IA? ? niaaeeiaeie
oai?iaaie i?e caa?ic? ia?a?eaaiiy aaa?oiino?, aeoeaia oa?ai?y, ui
ni?yiiaaia ia ?? caa?aaeaiiy ia a on?o aeiaaeeao aeioe?eueia
(Aoae??anueea O.?., 1994).

A?aoiaoth/e aeuaneacaia aeooaeueiei noa? iiooe oano?a, ye? aeicaieeee a
aeeoa?aioe?thaaoe i?e/eio ieiia?eueiiai aeeeaeiy, i?iaiicoaaoe ia?aa?a
aaa?oiino? oa i?iaiaeeoe ?aaa?e?oaoe?ei? e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/i?
caoiaee. Cia/ia e?euee?noue aeine?aeaeaiue ae?iie c iaaeiiooaaiiyi
aaa?oiino? i?enay/aia aaiaaeia?/iei, aea?iaoiae?o?/iei, oeeoieia?/iei oa
oeeoiaaiaoe/iei iaoiaeai ?o ianoaaeaiiy. Iaeiae, oe? ?iaioe iinyoue
aeene?aoiee oa?aeoa? ? ia iiaeooue aeaoe eiiieaenio ioe?ieo i?e/eiai IA
? i?iaiicoaaoe ia?iaeaeaiiy caei?iaeo iauaaee?a (Aaeueoeaaa I.A.,
Iaaaaee O.E., 1981; Aa?iiioaaeyi I.I., 1989; Oeaieaae/ A.I., 1992).

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie.

?iaioa ? o?aaiaioii cae?i/aii? eiiieaenii? IAe? “Ioe?iea aaiaoe/ieo
iane?aee?a aio?iiiaaiiiai caa?oaeiaiiy iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua ?
ia?niaeoeae ?o iiia?aaeaeaiiy” (1995-1997), yea aeeiioaaeanue a ?aieao
AeIOI : ”Caoeno aaiioiiaeo ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie”, a oaeiae IAe?
“Oa?aeoa?enoeea aeno?aaai?oaeueii? iaoieia?? oa ?ai?iaeoeoeaii? ooieoe??
o aaa?oieo, ui i?iaeeaathoue a ?aa?iiao Ea?iao c ??cieie ??aiyie
caa?oaeiaiiy ?aae?iioee?aeaie” (1995-2000). 01.01.018. 94i

Iaoith aeaii? ?iaioe ? ?ic?iaea eiiieaenii? i?ia?aie iaaeeei-aaiaoe/iiai
ianoaaeaiiy ae?iie c a?oie ?eceeo ca iaaeiiooaaiiyi aaa?oiino? c
ianooiiei i?iaiicii ?? ia?aa?ao oa ia?iaeaeaiiy caei?iaeo ae?oae.

Iniiai? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy.

1. Aecia/eoe aaiaoe/io noeeuei?noue aei iaaeiiooaaiiy aaa?oiino? ia
iniia? ee?i?ei-ia?aee?i?/ieo oa aaiaaeia?/iiai iaoiae?a ianoaaeaiiy
aaa?oieo oa n?iaeieo ia? c ii?iaeueiei ae?oiia?iaeaeaiiyi ? c IA.

2. I?iaanoe aaaaoioaeoi?iee iaoaiaoe/iee aiae?c aea?iaoiae?o?/ieo
oa?aeoa?enoee o caei?iaeo ae?iie oa o in?a c ii?ooaiiyi ?ai?iaeoeoeaii?
ooieoe?? c ianooiiith ioe?ieith ei?aeyoe?eieo aca?iica’yce?a i?ae IA oa
aio?iiiaaiaoe/ieie iieacieeaie.

3. Anoaiiaeoe iniaeeaino? ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio aaiioeio
ai?oae?ioeeo?a neeciai? iaieiiee ?ioiai? ii?iaeieie (A?I) oa
ai?oae?ioeeo?a i?oae (AI) o ae?iie ??cieo oa?i?i?a aaa?oiino? a ii?i?,
i?e caa?ic? ia?a?eaaiiy oa aecia/eoe oeeoieia?/i? e?eoa??? aoaeoeaiino?
e?eoaaiiy.

4. Aeyaeoe oeeoiaaiaoe/i? ii?ooaiiy niaaeeiaiai aia?aoo o ae?iie c?
cae/iei IA oa ?o /ieia?e?a iaoiaeii iaoaoaciiai aiae?co.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy.

1. Aia?oa i?iaaaeaii eiiieaenia iaaeeei-aaiaoe/ia ianoaaeaiiy ae?iie c
IA, yea aeeth/a? ii?aeiaiiy ee?i?ei-ia?aee?i?/ieo, aaiaaeia?/iiai,
aea?iaoiae?o?/iiai, oeeoieia?/iiai oa oeeoiaaiaoe/iiai iaoiae?a
ianoaaeaiiy.

2. ?ic?iaeaia eiii’thoa?ia i?ia?aia aecia/aiiy aaiaoe/ii? noeeueiino?
aei iaaeiiooaaiiy aaa?oiino? iaoiaeii ei?aeyoe?eiiai oa oaeoi?iiai
aiae?co.

3. Aea/aiee ooieoe?iiaeueiee noai aaiioeio (ONA) niiaoe/ieo ee?oei o
ae?iie ??cieo oa?i?i?a aaa?oiino? a ii?i? oa eiai ci?ie i?e caa?ic? IA.

4. Aia?oa ia iniia? aiae?co /ioe?ueio iieaciee?a ea??ia?aie AI? oa AI
anoaiiaeai? e?eoa??? aoaeoeaiino? e?eoaaiiy iaaeiiooaaiiy aaa?oiino?.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

1. Ii?aoeueiaaiee oa cai?iiiiiaaiee eiiieaen aeine?aeaeaiue, ui
aeicaiey? aecia/eoe noai aaiioeio oa niaaeeiao noeeuei?noue i?iaaiaea
aei IA.

2. ?ic?iaeaiee ei?aeyoe?eiee aiae?c aea?iaoiae?o?/ieo, oeeoieia?/ieo,
oeeoiaaiaoe/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee, c iaoith ioe?iee niaaeeiai? noeeueiino?
aei IA.

3. Anoaiiaeaiee aca?iica’ycie i?ae ci?iaie oeeoieia?/ieo iieaciee?a
ai?oae?ioeeo?a ii?iaeieie i?oae ? ?ioa oa nooiaiai ii?ooaiiy
?ai?iaeoeoeaii? ooieoe??.

4. Cai?iiiiiaai? aaiaoe/i? e?eoa??? aoaeoeaiino? e?eoaaiiy iaaeiiooaaiiy
aaa?oiino?.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aeena?oaio iniaenoi i?iaiaeeea ee?i?/i?,
ia?aee?i?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy an?o a?oi ae?iie. Iath ?ic?iaeaii ea?oe
aaiaoe/iiai ianoaaeaiiy ae?iie. Aea/ai? oeeoiaaiaoe/i?, aea?iaoiae?o?/i?
iieacieee aaa?oieo. I?iaaaeaia ioe?iea ea??ia?aie ae?iie ??cieo oa?i?i?a
aaa?oiino?. Ia iniia? oeeo aeaieo anoaiiaeaiee ooieoe?iiaeueiee noai ?o
aaiiio.

I?iaaaeaiee noaoenoe/iee aiae?c io?eiaieo aeaieo. Aaoi?ii naiino?eii
ii?aoeueiaai? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe ? i?aeaioiaeaiee oaeno aeena?oaoe??.

Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a i?aeoeeo. Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe iieeaaeai? a iniiao noai
aeine?aeaeaiue ae?iie c iaaeiiooaaiiyi aaa?oiino? a ?aaii-O?aie?anueeeo
iaeaniiio iieiaiaiio aoaeeieo, iaeani?e iaaeeei-aaiaoe/i?e
eiinoeueoaoe??. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? aeeth/ai? a oeeee eaeoe?e c
iaaee/ii? aaiaoeee oa aaiaoeee ethaeeie ?aaii-O?aie?anueei? aea?aeaaii?
iaaee/ii? aeaaeai??.

Iiaeeo?eiaaiee iaoiae io?eiaiiy aea?iaoiae?o?a ai?iaaaeaeaiee a ?iaioo
aaiaoe/ii? oeaio?aeueii? iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? eaai?aoi???
?aaii-O?aie?anueei? aea?aeaii? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai??, ?aoe?iiae?caoi?nueea
i?iiiceoe?y 24/2313 .

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy, ye? aeianai? ia caoeno.

1. A ao?ieia?? iaaeiiooaaiiy aaa?oiino? aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy iathoue
ii?ooaiiy niaaeeiaiai aia?aoo, ia?ea?aie yeeo neoaeaoue AeA iieacieee,
ONA oa o?iiiniii? aaa?aoe?? a niiaoe/ieo ee?oeiao.

2. Aaaaoioaeoi?iee iaoaiaoe/iee aiae?c aea?iaoiae?o?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee
aea? ciiao aeyaeoe a?oie aenieiai aaiaoe/iiai ? aeooa?nueeiai ?eceeo
?ai?iaeoeoeaii? ooieoe??.

3. Eiiieaen iieaciee?a ea??ia?aie ? ia’?eoeaiei e?eoa???i cai?ioi?o
ci?i i?e e?eoaaii? iaaeiiooaaiiy aaa?oiino?. I?e cieaeaii? ?O a AI aei
0.45±0.12;

a A?I aei 0.47±0.02, ss? aei 1.14±0.31, NO a AI aei 10.1±0.12 a A?I aei
9.4±1.30 oa ca?eueoai? ?ICss aei 32.0±0.42 oa 25.0±1.42- i?iaiic
aaa?oiino? iani?eyoeeaee.

4. Cai?iiiiiaaia eiiieaenia i?ia?aia iaaeeei-aaiaoe/iiai ianoaaeaiiy
iiae?oaei?o ia? c ii?ooaiiyi ?ai?iaeoeoeaii? ooieoe?? ia’?eoeaii
a?aeoai?th? noai ?o niaaeeiaiai aia?aoo.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeenue ia iaeanieo ? i?aeaoc?anueeeo
eiioa?aioe?yo iieiaeeo a/aieo (?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1992, 1997), ia
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Caei?ia’y oa a?aeoai?aiiy ia?iaeo
I?eea?iaooy” (?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1993), ? iaoe?iiaeueiiio eiia?an?
aiaoii?a, a?noieia?a, aia??ieia?a oa oiiia?aoi-aiaoii?a
(?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1994), ae?oaiio c’?cae? iaaee/ieo aaiaoee?a Oe?a?ie
(Euea?a, 1995), ? i?aeia?iaeiiio eiia?an? c ?ioaa?aoeaii? aio?iiieia??
(Oa?iii?eue, 1995), I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? “Aeooaeuei? ieoaiiy
ii?oieia??” (Oa?iii?eue, 1996), ?? I?aeia?iaeiiio iaaee/iiio eiia?an?
nooaeaio?a ? iieiaeeo a/aieo (Oa?iii?eue, 1998)

Ia’?i ? nooeoo?a ?iaioe: aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia 180
noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, neeaaea?oueny c anooio, iniiaii?
/anoeie, aeniiae?a, nienea aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae. Oaeno aeena?oaoe??
?ethno?iaaiee 26 oaaeeoeyie oa 24 ?enoieaie. Nienie e?oa?aoo?e i?noeoue
204 iacae.

INIIAIEE CI?NO.

Iaoa??aee ? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy.

I?iaaaeaia ee?i?ei-aaiaoe/ia ianoaaeaiiy 235 ae?iie ??cieo oa?i?i?a
aaa?oiino?, ye? aoee ?icae?eai? ia o?e a?oie. Eiio?ieueio a?oio neeaee
100 niiaoe/ii caei?iaeo ae?iie c ii?iaeueiei ae?oiia?iaeaeaiiyi, aac
oneeaaeiaiue aeooa?nueei-a?iaeieia?/iiai oa aaiaoe/iiai aiaiiac?a. O
ae?oao ? o?aoth a?oio aoiaeeee 100 in?a c iaeii?aciaei oa 30 c? cae/iei
iaaeiiooaaiiyi. Aeiaeaoeiai ianoaaeai? 30 /ieia?e?a c ii?iaeueiith
?ai?iaeoeoeaiith ooieoe??th oa 20 /ieia?e?a c n?iae c? cae/iei
iaaeiiooaaiiyi.

Ia’?eoii aea/aiiy aoee aeai? caaaeueiiee?i?/ieo aiae?c?a, ?iaeiaiaee
n?iae, aea?iaoiae?oe, ai?oae?aeuei? ee?oeie neeciai? iaieiiee ii?iaeieie
?ioa oa i?oae, e?ioioeeoe aaiicii? e?ia?.

Aeei?enoiaoaaeenue ee?i?ei-aaiaaeia?/iee, aea?iaoiae?o?/iee (AeA),
oeeoieia?/iee (OeE), oa oeeoiaaiaoe/iee (OeA) iaoiaee ianoaaeaiiy.

C iaoith aecia/aiiy ?ie? aaiaoe/iiai oaeoi?a a ao?ieia?? iaaeiiooaaiiy
aaa?oiino? ? anoaiiaeaiiy niaaeeiaiai oa?aeoa?o aeaii? iaoieia??
i?iaaaeaii aiae?c

?iaeiaiae?a on?o ianoaaeaieo. Iciaeo iaaeiiooaaiiy aaa?oiino? aeyaeyee
ii aeno?aeiiio, ieno?aeiiio oa aieiaeo iai?yieao (Ai/eia I.I., 1997).

Aea?iaoiae?o?/iee iaoiae aacoaaany ia eeane/iiio io?eiaii? AeA
(Aeaaeeiaa O.A.,1961) a iao?e iiaeeo?eaoe?? (?aoe?iiae?caoi?nueea
i?iiiceoe?y 24/2313), yea ia?aaeaa/a? aeei?enoaiiy oa?a ??cieo eieuei??a
aoao?, ?ic/eiieeii yeeo neoaeaoue noi?o? aiaee ? ae?oea?eio o
ni?aa?aeiioaii? 9:1. Cai?iiiiiaaia iiaeeo?eaoe?y AeA aeicaiey?
i?iaiaeeoe iania? ianoaaeaiiy ethaeae ??ciiai a?eo ? noaio caei?ia’y,
ine?eueee onoaa?oueny oiene/ia ae?y ae?oea?nueei? oa?ae ? neeieaea?o.
E?euee?noue aeei?enoaieo ?aaeoea?a o o?e ?ace iaioa a ii??aiyii? c
eeane/iei iaoiaeii, aiie iaoa??aeueii ia iaoyaeeea?, eaaei cieaathoueny.
Ia aea?iaoiae?oao aea/aee 56 e?euee?nieo ? ye?nieo iieaciee?a aeey
i?aai? ? e?ai? ?oee ie?aii ? noia?ii.

C iaoith anoaiiaeaiiy ci?i ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio aaiioeio (ONA)
i?iaaaeaiee aiae?c ?ioa?oacieo yaea? niiaoe/ieo ee?oei neeciai? iaieiiee
ii?iaeieie ?ioa oa i?oae o ae?iie ianoaaeaieo a?oi. O eiaeiiio i?aia?ao?
aeine?aeaeoaaee ii 100 ?ioa?oacieo yaea? c ianooiiith ioe?ieith ?iaeaena
o?iiaoecaoe?? (?O), yaea?oeaaiai ?iaeaena (ss?), noaoaaiai o?iiaoeio
(NO) oa ii?oieia?/ii ci?iaieo yaea? (ICss). I?eaiooaaiiy i?aia?ao?a
i?iaiaeeee ca?aeii iaoiaeo A.Ae.Aeeoeiaiai (1975) oa I.I.Aai?ii? (1980)
o iao?e iiaeeo?eaoe??.

Oeeoiaaiaoe/iee aiae?c o?iiinii e?ioioeeo?a ia?eoa?e/ii? e?ia?
cae?enithaaee ca caaaeueiii?eeiyoith iaoiaeeeith. I?aia?aoe
caaa?aethaaee ca ?iiaiianueeei-A?ica ia oinoaoiiio aooa?? ?I 6,8. Aeey
?aeaioeo?eaoe?? o?iiinii o ?ac? i?aeic?e ia iayai?noue no?oeoo?ieo
o?iiiniiieo ia?aaoaeia i?iaiaeeee G-oa?aoaaiiy ca iaoiaeii I. Seabright.
Aiae?coaaee ii 100 iaoaoac o eiaeiiai iaoe??ioa. ?aeaioeo?eaoe?th
o?iiinii a niiaoe/ieo ee?oeiao i?iaiaeeee c aeei?enoaiiyi
iioeei-aeaeo?iiiiai eiiieaeno “Iaoaneai-2”, ?ic?iaeaiiai noi?nii c
Oe?a?inueeei iaoeiaei oeaio?ii iaaee/ii? aaiaoeee.

Noaoenoe/ia ia?iaea ?acoeueoao?a OeE oa OeA ianoaaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeanue
iaoiaeii aa??aoe?eii? noaoenoeee c aeei?enoaiiyi aaee/ei na?aaeiuei?
a?eoiaoe/ii? ? na?aaeiuei? iioeaee (S), eiao?oe??ioa ?iia??ii? ??cieoe?
(Sx) ? iieacieea aeinoia??iino? ??cieoe? (?) ca oaaeeoeath Nouethaeaioa.
??cieoe? aaaaeaee a??ia?aeieie i?e ?<0.05 (Aaoaiae?eia A.A., 1984). Aaaaoioaeoi?iee ei?aeyoe?eiee aiae?c i?iaiaeeee ca niaoe?aeueii ?ic?iaeaiith i?ia?aiith (Aiiaea?aiei I.A., Inei/oe I.I., 1998) Aeey aecia/aiiy aca?iica’yce?a i?ae io?eiaieie iieacieeaie ea??ia?aie, oeeoiaaiaoe/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy oa iaea?eueo ?ioi?iaoeaieie iieacieeaie AeA aoee ?ic?aoiaai? ia?i? eiao?oe??ioe ei?aeyoe?? ca oi?ioeith: wmetafile8? ????????????? ??????? aea??? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????  ? ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy1/2yyyA??]?? ???&? ?MathType??  ???u?????????"????-??????<????·???uAy??????wmetafile8? ??]??????????? ??????? ?›??? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? @`???&??yyyy?????Ayyyµyyy ??o?? ???&? ?MathType??a? ???u?????????"????-????? ???  ???uAy???????acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue oa ?o iaaiai?aiiy. 1. Ee?i?ei-aaiaaeia?/iee aiae?c. I?e ee?i?ei-aaiaaeia?/iiio aiae?c? iiae?oaei?o ia? c? cae/iei iaaeiiooaaiiyi o ?o ?iaeiaiaeao aoee aecia/ai? ieiia?euei? aeeeaei?, ?aiiy aeeoy/a nia?oi?noue iaaeyniaiiai aaiaco, iaie?aei? oethae, IA? na?aae ?iaee/?a ?-??? nooiaiy nii??aeiaiiy ye c? noi?iie ae?iee (IA - o 57,1%, iaie?aei?noue - o 28.5%), oae ? /ieia?ea (IA - o 7,3%, iaie?aei?noue - o 14,7%). Ae?oi?iaeiee aiaiiac ae?iie c? cae/iei iaaeiiooaaiiyi aoa aeineoue iaoyaeaiee: 88% c ieo ia iaee aeeaeo ae?oae, o 11,4% ii?yae c ii?iaeueieie iieiaaie, a yeeo ia?iaeaeoaaeenue aeeoo?caeaoi? ae?oe, a?aei?/aeenue ? ieiia?euei? aeeeaei?, o 14,3% ianoaaeaieo ae?iie aoee ia?oaiia?iaeaeaiiy, o 17,1% - ae?oe c i?e?iaeaeaieie aaaeaie ?icaeoeo. Na?aae ae?iie c iaeii?aciaei iaaeiiooaaiiyi o 2% ae?iie ia?iaeeeenue ae?oe c IA?, a i?e o?c?ieia?/ii i?io?eath/?e aaa?oiino? ae?oae c oaeith iaoieia??th ia aoei. Io?eiai? iaie oa ?ioeie aaoi?aie aeai? aeacothoue ia oa, ui /anoioa ia?iaeaeaiiy ae?oae c aaaeeeie oi?iaie IA? cia/ii aeua i?e cae/iiio ia?a?eaaii? aaa?oiino?, i?ae o ae?iie caaaeueii? iiioeyoe?? (Iaeee ?.A.,1986). Aiae?c oa?i?io ia?a?eaaiiy aaa?oiino? i?e cae/iiio iaaeiiooaaii? aeacoaaa, ui c 83 ieiia?eueieo aeeeaei?a 67.46% i?eiaaeaee ia no?ie aei 12 oeaei?a, 25.30% - ia 13-20 oeaei?a, 7.2% - i?ney 20 oeaeiy aanoaoe??. I?ci? aai?oe, a a?eueoino? coiiaeai? ia o?iiiniiieie ii?ooaiiyie o ieiaea, a aieeaii aeooa?nueeeo oaeoi??a. Oae? aeiaaeee ie aeeeth/aee c /enea ianoaaeaieo. Na?aae ae?iie c iaeii?aciaei iaaeiiooaaiiyi 40.7% aeeeaei?a a?aeaoeenue aei 12 oeaei?a, o 33.3% - a?ae 13 aei 20 oeaei?a ? o 20.9% - i?ney 20 oeaei?a aaa?oiino?. A aeai?e a?oi? ae?iie /ano?oa cono??/aeenue ia?aianai? a ieioeiio aeooa?nueei-a?iaeieia?/i? caoai?thaaiiy. Oaeei /eiii, ee?i?ei-aaiaaeia?/ia ianoaaeaiiy on?o in?a aeicaieeei ?icae?eeoe ?o ia a?oie, uia a ianooiiiio aeiaanoe iayai?noue ? aecia/eoe ?ieue aaiaoe/iiai oaeoi?o a aaiac? cae/iiai iaaeiiooaaiiy. 2. Ei?aeyoe?eiee oa oaeoi?iee aiae?c AeA iieaciee?a. I?e eiii’thoa?i?e ia?iaoe? AeA iieaciee?a ae?iie o?ueio aeine?aeaeoaaieo a?oi, io?eiaii 85.7%, 83.0%, 81.0% i?aaeeueieo ?acoeueoao?a (a caaaeueiiio 82.0%). Oiio ?ic?iaeaia iaie eiii’thoa?ia i?ia?aia aiae?co AeA iieaciee?a c aenieith iaae?ei?noth aeicaiey? aecia/eoe iaeaaei?noue iniae aei o??? /e ?ioi? a?oie, a ioaea ? noeeuei?noue aei iaaeiiooaaiiy aaa?oiino?. I?aeoe/ia canoinoaaiiy iienaii? iaoiaeeee iiaea aooe eaaei cae?eniaia ca aeiiiiiaith ia?niiaeueiiai eiii’thoa?a aai ?ioi? ia/enethaaeueii? oaoi?ee. Aeey oeueiai aeineoue neeanoe e?i?ei? eiia?iaoe?? O oa Y io?eiaiiai 56-aei??iiai aaeoi?a aea?iaoiae?o?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee O c eiao?oe??ioaie, ui ? aeaiaioaie aaeoi??a N1 oa N2 a?aeiia?aeii oa ia/eneeoe aaee/eie dk, k=1,2,3. Oa cia/aiiy k , aeey yeiai dk ? iaeiaioei, aaaaea?oueny iiia?ii a?oie, aei yei? ne?ae a?aeianoe aeanieea oa?aeoa?enoeee O. Iaea?aeai? iaie cia/aiiy (Xk,Yk) oa (Sk, tk) iaiao?aei? aeey ia/eneaiiy dk caaeai? a oaaeeoe? 1. Oaaeeoey 1. Cia/aiiy iio??ai? aeey ia/eneaiiy k . KXkYkSktk1-1631.10-5.820.9121.681.32-4.471.6931.171.07-8.071.85 Aeaiaioe aaeoi??a N1,N2, iio??ai? aeey aecia/aiiy O oa O caaeaii iao?eoeyie, ?yaeee yeeo iaeei ca iaeiei ooai?thaaee oe? aaeoi?e (oaae. 2, 3). Oaaeeoey 2. Aeaiaioe aaeoi?a N1 -0,224-0,00440,04230,04490,15050,0208-0,1732-0,1719-0,00010,0085-0,01600 ,00270,01620,4661-0,1379-0,01970,0223-0,0707-0,0114-0,12180,0462-0,0407- 0,01530,50661,0287-0,22780,2390-0,13480,0890-0,0082-1,0484-0,0760-0,3656 -0,01830,11420,04840,11360,0902-0,60560,0690-0,16800,02940,9287-0,1594-1 ,75180,31990,4315-0,3459-0,06580,00870,06090,1032-0,1152-0,19900,04970,0 533 Oaaeeoey 2. Aeaiaioe aaeoi?a N1 -0,224-0,00440,04230,04490,15050,0208-0,1732-0,1719-0,00010,0085-0,01600 ,00270,01620,4661-0,1379-0,01970,0223-0,0707-0,0114-0,12180,0462-0,0407- 0,01530,50661,0287-0,22780,2390-0,13480,0890-0,0082-1,0484-0,0760-0,3656 -0,01830,11420,04840,11360,0902-0,60560,0690-0,16800,02940,9287-0,1594-1 ,75180,31990,4315-0,3459-0,06580,00870,06090,1032-0,1152-0,19900,04970,0 533Aeei?enoiaoth/e iienaiee iaoiae aei aeaii? aea??ee anoaiiaeaii, ui R”0.75, oiaoi ca’ycie i?ae aea?iaoiae?o?/ieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie ? iaaeiiooaaiiyi aaa?oiino? ? neeueiei (0.7r> 0.71) AeA iieaciee?a ae?iie o?ueio a?oi
aeyaeai? a e?eueeino? 18 — o eiio?ie?, 35- c iaeii?aciaei
iaaeiiooaaiiyi, 42 — c? cae/iei iaaeiiooaaiiyi; aca?iica’ycee
na?aaeiuei? neee (0.70>r>0.31) — 73, 195 oa 235, a?aeiia?aeii. Io?eiai?
aeai? aeiaiaeyoue iayai?noue iniaeeainoae AeA o ae?iie c IA.

Oaeoi?ecaoe?y ei?aeyoe?eieo iao?eoeue aeaea ciiao aeae?eeoe ii 3 aieiai?
oaeoi?e aeey eiaeii? noeoiiino? ie?aii (?en.1). Aeey eiio?ieueii?
a?oie oaeeie

wmetafile8? ??2?? ?,???????? ??????? ?© ???&?

?yyyy????Word?Microsoft Word??? ???????
?I???u?????????????I???Courier
New?I????-?????????uAEy??????

?en. 1. Aianie aieiaieo oaeoi??a a caaaeueio aeenia?n?th aea??ee eiaeii?
a?oie: A -eiio?ieueia; A-cae/ia iaaeiiooaaiiy; A — iaeii?aciaa
iaaeiiooaaiiy.

oaeoi?aie ?: 1) oaeoi? ?aeiino? ?ioaineaiino? a?aaaiaooai?aiiy oa
?ia?aaoe?? (eiai aianie a caaaeueio aeenia?n?th eiio?ieueii? aea??ee
neeaa 45.34%); 2) oaeoi? aneiao??? iaeueoeaaeo a?ca?oie?a oa aeieiiieo
e?i?e (29.92%); c) iaeueia?iee (7,21%). sseui ia?o? aeaa oaeoi?e aoee
iaeiaeiaeie aeey an?o ianoaaeaieo, oi o?ao?e oaeoi? aeey ae?iie c?
cae/iei iaaeiiooaaiiyi ia’?aeioaaa ?aae?aeueio a?oio iieaciee?a AeA,
aeey in?a c iaeii?aciaei iaaeiiooaaiiyi — oeueia?io, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeo?
aeoieo i?i iaiaeiaeiaee aaiaoe/iee ?ecee aeey oeeo aeaio aea??ie. A
aea?iaoiae?o?/iiio

eiiieaen? ae?iie c? cae/iei iaaeiiooaaiiyi ia ia? yei?nue iaei???
iaoiaiiiii?/ii? ?ene. A?aei?iiino?, ye? ie aeyaeee a ii??aiyii? c
eiio?ieueiith a?oiith iaoiaeii ei?aeyoe?eiiai ? oaeoi?iiai aiae?co,
iiaeia ca?oioaaoe a iaai? anioe?thth/? oaeoi?e, ye?, iaoa?iaoth/enue
iaeei ia iaeiiai, i?aeneeththoue aai caoooiaothoue na?e aoaeo.

3. Ooieoe?iiaeueiee noai aaiioeio aaa?oieo a ii?i? oa i?e iaaeiiooaaii?
aaa?oiino?. I?iaaaeaiee aiae?c ?ioa?oacieo yaea? niiaoe/ieo ee?oei
neeciaeo iaieiiie ?ioa ? i?oae aaa?oieo ??cieo oa?i?i?a aanoaoe?? aeia?a
aenieo /ooeea?noue iieaciee?a ONA oa ?o aeeiai?eo ai?iaeiaae aaa?oiino?
(oaae. 4).

Oaaeeoey 4.

Oeeoiaaiaoe/i? iieacieee (X±Sx) ai?oae?aeueieo ee?oei neeciai? iaieiiee
ii?iaeieie i?oae (A) oa ?ioa (A) o ae?iie eiio?ieueii? a?oie a ??ci?
oa?i?ie aaa?oiino?

IieacieeNeeciaaOa?i?i aaa?oiino? o oeaeiyoiaieiiea6-89-1213-20a?eueoa
20?iaeaen o?iiaoecaoe??A

A0.80±0.02*

0.79±0.04**0.76±0.05*

0.70±0.020.69±0.02*

0.63±0.040.85±0.09

0.80±0.03ssaea?oeaaee ?iaeaenA

A3.00±0.03*

2.70±0.024.50±0.04

3.00±0.034.00± 0.06***

3.50±0.503.90±0.04

2.00±0.02Noaoaaee o?iiaoeiA

A38.00±0.41

32.00±0.20*32.00± 0.05**

31.30±0.1030.10±0.04

25.00±0.3028.10±0.02

24.00±0.10?iaeaen ii?oieia?/ii ci?iaieo yaea?A

A5.00±0.10

4.70±0.206.20±0.03

6.00±0.50**9.80±0.30

9.90±0.109.30±0.04

10.00±0.06I?ei?oea: * P<0.05; ** P<0.02; *** P<0.01 A 6-8 oeaei?a ii?iaeueii? aaa?oiino? anoaiiaeai? aenie? iieacieee ?iaeaeno o?iiaoecaoe?? ? noaoaaiai o?iiaoeio, ye? na?ae/aoue i?i aenieo o?aine?eioe?eio aeoeai?noue oa iineeaio ?aaoeyoi?io ae?th O-o?iiiniie, ui iia’ycaia c iaeneiaeueiith iia?e?caoe??th i?enoinoaaeueieo iaoai?ci?a i?aai?cio ae?iie a e?eoe/i? ia??iaee aia??iaaiaco. I?ney 12 oeaeiy aanoaoe?? anoaiiaeaii cieaeaiiy ?iaeaeno o?iiaoecaoe?? oa noaoaaiai o?iiaoeio, ui coiiaeaii caaa?oaiiyi caeeaaeee aeeoo?ai aaaeeeaeo i?aai?a ? nenoai ieiaea. Ca?eueoaiiy ?O oa NO i?ney 20-ai oeaeiy aanoaoe?? caaacia/o? ??no ieiaea ? i?aeaioiaeo i?aai?cio aeey eiai aeiiioaiiy ? aeeaeaiiy. Neioac ??IE ? a?ee?a a oiiaao aeoeaii? i?ie?oa?aoe?? caaacia/o? aenieee ??aaiue iaoaaie?/ieo i?ioean?a, aeeoa?aioe?aoe?th i?aai?a ? oeaiei. Aei e?ioey 12-ai oeaeiy aaa?oiino? oe? i?ioeane aeoeaothoueny, ui ei?aeth? ?c ca?eueoaiiyi ss? ii??aiyii c oa?i?iii 6-8 oeaei?a. Noaa?e?caoe?y aeaieo ss? i?ney 20-ai oeaeiy aanoaoe?? iiaea na?ae/eoe i?i oa, ui ia?aaaaeathoue i?ioeane aeic??aaiiy aeniei-iieaeoey?ieo iiia?aaeiee?a ??IE iaae ?o neioacii. Aeey aeyaeaiiy iiaeeeaiai aieeao ii?ooaiue ea??ieaie oa ea??iieacie ia aeoeai?noue aai?a aea/ai? ICss. Ia ?aii?o oa?i?iao iieaciee ICss - iaeiaioee. Ia 13-20 oeaei?a aaa?oiino? aecia/aii eiai i?aeaeuaiiy: a AI o 1.96 a A?I o 2.1 ?ace, a a a?eueo a?aeaeaeaieo no?ieao a?aeiia?aeii o 1.86 oa o 2.13 ?ac?a a ii??aiyii? c ?aii?ie oa?i?iaie, ui iiaeia iiynieoe yaeuai aeoeaaoe?? aoi?eiii? eiioaeoii? ?iaeoeoe?? (Ea?enii A., 1983). Aiae?c oeeoiaaiaoe/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee ai?oae?aeueieo ee?oei neeciai? iaieiiee ii?iaeiei i?oae oa ?ioa o ae?iie ??cieo oa?i?i?a aaa?oiino? c iaeii?aciaei iaaeiiooaaiiyi iieacaa, ui aiie aeeae/? aei aeaieo eiio?ieueii? a?oie. O in?a c? cae/iei iaaeiiooaaiiyi aaa?oiino? ooieoe?iiaeueia aeoeai?noue aaiioeio cia/ii ci?iaia (oaae. 5). Oaaeeoey 5 Oeeoiaaiaoe/i? iieacieee (X±SX) ai?oae?aeueieo ee?oei neeciai? iaieiiee ii?iaeieie i?oae (A) oa ?ioa (A) o ae?iie c? cae/iei iaaeiiooaaiiyi aaa?oiino? IieacieeNeeciaaOa?i?i aaa?oiino? o oeaeiyoiaieiiea6-89-1213-20a?eueoa 20?iaeaen o?iiaoecaoe??A A0.47±0.02 0.51±0.020.54±0.03 0.55±0.020.49±0.02* 0.54±0.030.66±0.06 0.68±0.05ssaea?oeaaee ?iaeaenA A2.82±0.03 2.70±0.022.71±0.04 2.17±0.103.33±0.33 3.67±0.213.13±0.03 3.25±0.01Noaoaaee o?iiaoeiA A15.36±0.30* 16.10±0.0316.00±0.20 15.33±0.5020.50±0.28 16.67±0.9021.50±0.50 17.13±0.04?iaeaen ii?oieia?/ii ci?iaieo yaea?A A28.50±0.02 22.70±0.07*19.71± 0.10** 16.67±0.0316.67± 0.03** 11.50±0.0416.38±0.10 12.50±0.03I?ei?oea: * P<0.05; ** P<0.02; A?aoiaoth/e oa, ui e?eoaaiiy ae?iie c IA ia caaaeaee aeaaaei iiceoeai? ?acoeueoaoe, iaie i?iaaaeaia ioe?iea ci?i ONA an?o aaa?oieo, ye? ciaoiaeeeenue ia noaoe?iia?iiio e?eoaaii?. I?e IA o 60% aaa?oieo ?O, NO ia aeinyaaee oeeo?iaeo cia/aiue aeecueeeo aei oaeeo eiio?ieueii? a?oie; ?noioii ia ca?eueooaaany ss?, e?euee?noue ICss ia ci?ithaaeanue. A?aoiaoth/e ONA aaa?oieo iaie aecia/ai? e?eoa??? aoaeoeaiino? e?eoaaiiy ae?iie c? cae/iei iaaeiiooaaiiyi. I?e cieaeaii? a ?aii? oa?i?ie aanoaoe?? ?O a AI aei 0.45±0.02; a A?I aei 0.47±0.02, I? aei 1.14±0.31, NO a AI aei 10.10±0.12 a A?I aei 9.40±1.30 oa ca?eueoai? ?iaeaeno ICss aei 32.00±0.42 oa 25.00±1.42 a?aeiia?aeii - i?iaiic aaa?oiino? iani?eyoeeaee. Aeeiai?/ia aea/aiiy oa aiae?c ooieoe?iiaeiiiai noaio aaiiia, ye ia?ea?a ii?ooaiue niaaeeiaiai aia?aoo ieiaea, iiaea aooe aeiaeaoeiaei e?eoa???i o aeai?? oaeoeee aaaeaiiy aaa?oiino? oa aeey aeyaeaiiy i?e/ei iaaeiiooaaiiy. O ca’yceo c aenieei ?eceeii ia?iaeaeaiiy ae?oae c IA? ? niaaeeiaeie oai?iaaie i?e caa?ic? ia?a?eaaiiy aaa?oiiio? aeoeaia oa?ai?y iai?aaeaia ia ?? caa?aaeaiiy ia a on?o aeiaaeeao aeioe?eueia (Aoae??anueea O.?., 1992). 4. Aea/aiiy /anoioe oa niaeo?o aiiiae?e ea??ioeio o aaa?oieo oa ?o /ieia?e?a. Iaei??th c aieiaieo aaiaoe/ii aeaoa?i?iiaaieo i?e/ei IA ? aiiiae?? o?iiinii o aaouee?a. ?acoeueoaoe aea/aiiy /anoioe oa niaeo?o aiiiae?e ea??ioeio o ianoaaeaieo in?a aeiaaee, ui i?aeaeuaia /anoioa ee?oei c aaa?aoe?yie o?iiiniiiiai oeio (o ae?iie a 5.1 ?ace, o /ieia?e?a - 1.1 ?ace) oa iaoaoacieo ieanoeiie c ia?aae/aniei ?icoiaeaeaiiyi o?iiaoeae - ? oa?aeoa?iith iciaeith aeey iiae?oaei?o ia? c? cae/iei iaaeiiooaaiiyi. E??i oiai, o o?ueio ?c i’yoe niinoa?aaeaiue o aeai?e a?oi? aeyaeai? noaa?euei? o?iiiniii? ii?ooaiiy o aeaeyae? caaeainiaaieo o?aineieaoe?e, a iaeiiio - iica?/ia oi?ia iie?nii?? ca noaoaaeie o?iiiniiaie, ua a iaeiiio - ?iaa?n?y 9-? o?iiiniie. C on?o ianoaaeaieo OeA iaoiaeii (28 ae?iie oa 17 ?o /ieia?e?a) noaa?euei? aiiiae?? aeyaeai? o 11,1%. (?en.2) wmetafile8? ??‰???&??????? ??????? s ?en.2. Ieoiia aaaa noaa?eueieo o?iiiniiieo aiiiae?e o ianoaaeaieo c a?oie ?eceeo ca iaaeiiooaaiiyi 5. Eiiieaenia ioe?iea niaaeeiai? noeeueiino? aei iaaeiiooaaiiy aaa?oiino? ia iniia? ei?aeyoe?eiiai aiae?co AeA, OeE, OeA iieaciee?a. C iaoith eiiieaenii? ioe?iee niaaeeiai? noeeueiino? aei iaaeiiooaaiiy aaa?oiino? i?iaaaeaiee ei?aeyoe?eiee aiae?c i?ae AeA, OeA oa OeE iieacieeaie ai?oae?ioeeo?a neeciai? iaieiiee i?oae oa ?ioa o ianoaaeaieo ae?iie o?ueio a?oi. Iaea?eueoa e?euee?noue o?nieo ei?aeyoe?eieo ca’yce?a aeyaeaia o ae?iie c? cae/iei iaaeiiooaaiiyi. Nooo?aei iiaeia aaaaeaoe ianooii?: caaaeueia /anoioa aaa?aoe?e iiceoeaii ei?aethaaea ye c /anoioith aaa?aoe?e o?iiaoeaeiiai, oae ? c oaeith o?iiiniiiiai oei?a; inoaii? a?ae’?iii ei?aethaaee c ?iciiae?eii caeiaeueieo neeaaeie aeieii?; yaeua iiaiiai ia?aae/aniiai ?icoiaeaeaiiy o?iiaoeae iia’ycai? c e?euee?noth ii?oieia?/ii ci?iaieo yaea? a ai?oae?ioeeoao neeciai? iaieiiee ii?iaeieie i?oae; cai?ioiuei i?iii?oe?eiee aca?iica’ycie i?ae ?iciiae?eii caeiaeueieo neeaaeie aeieii? oa e?euee?noth yaea?aoeue a ai?oae?ioeeoao neeciai? iaieiiee ii?iaeieie ?ioa. Aeai? ei?aeyoe?? a?aeia?aaeathoue ci?ie niaaeeiaiai aia?aoo niiaoe/ieo ee?oei, ye? iiina?aaeeiaaii na?ae/aoue i?i ii?ooaiiy iaeico ? oi?ioaaiiy aaa?aioieo aaiao. Anoaiiaeaiee aca?iica’ycie i?ae e?euee?noth ei?aeyoe?e oa oa?i?iaie aaa?oiino?. Iaea?eueoa /enei ni?eueieo aeey on?o o?ueio a?oi o?nieo aca?iica’yce?a aeyaeaii ia 9-12 oeaeiyo aaa?oiino?. Oea coiiaeaii iniaeeainoyie aia??iaaiaco: oi?ioaaiiyi OeIN, caeeaaeeith aeeoo?ai aaaeeeaeo i?aai?a ? nenoai, aeeoa?aioe?aeueiith aeoeai?noth, oeaieii-niaoeeo?/ieo aai?a. Aeey aecia/aiiy iniaeeainoae aaiioeio aaa?oieo c IA aaa?oiino? aaaeeeaa ?ieue a?aeaiaeeoueny aiae?co ni?eueieo ei?aeyoe?eieo ca’yce?a o an?o a?oiao ianoaaeaieo. Anoaiiaeaii eeoa iaeei ni?eueiee o?niee aca?iica’ycie o eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? oa o ae?iie c iaeii?aciaei iaaeiiooaaiiyi i?ae aeaieie ea??ia?aie. Cae/ia iaaeiiooaaiiy oa?aeoa?ecoaaeinue ei?aeyoe?yie, ye? ia iaee iiae?aieo o ?ioeo a?oiao. Oea na?ae/eoue i?i iniaeeaino? niaaeeiaiai aia?aoo o in?a c ii?ooaiith ?ai?iaeoeoeaiith ooieoe??th. Aeei?enoaiee ei?aeyoe?eiee aiae?c aeia?a, ui a nai?e noeoiiino? cai?iiiiiaaiee eiiieaen aeua aeacaieo iieaciee?a ia’?eoeaii a?aeia?aaea? niaaeeiao noeeuei?noue aei cae/iiai iaaeiiooaaiiy aaa?oiino? ? iiaea canoiniaoaaoenue aeey ae?aaiinoeee, i?iaiicoaaiiy ia?aa?ao oa oaeoeee aaaeaiiy ae?iie c? cae/iei iaaeiiooaaiiyi aaa?oiino?, ui aeiiiiiaei a a ia?iaeaeaii? caei?iaeo ae?oae. I?ia?aia ianoaaeaiiy ae?iie c iaaeiiooaaiiyi aaa?oiino? ia?aaeaa/a? ianooii? aoaie. Ia?oee - ee?i?ei-ia?aee?i?/ia ianoaaeaiiy, yea aeeo/a? aeooa?nueei-a?iaeieia?/i?, ?ioaeoe?ei?, aiaeie?eiieia?/i? oa ?io? aeno?aaai?oaeuei? i?e/eie IA. Ae?oaee - aeaoaeueia aaiaaeia?/ia ianoaaeaiiy i?iaaiaea c o?aooaaiiyi aeaieo i?i IA, ia?aae/ani? iieiae, ia?oaiia?iaeaeaiiy, IA?, iaie?aei?noue. Iayai?noue a ?iaeiaiaeao ae?iie oa ?o /ieia?e?a 57.10% oa 7.30% a?aeiia?aeii ieiia?eueieo aeeeaei?a, 28.50%, 14.60% iaie?aeiino? aecia/a? a?oio ?eceeo cae/iiai IA; i?e anoaiiaeaii? o ?iaeiaiaeao 18.75%, 8.75% IA oa 7.50%, 6.25% iaie?aeiino? a?aeiia?aeii, iieacaia aeiaeaoeiaa ianooiia aaiaoe/ia ianoaaeaiiy. O?ao?e - ne?ei?ia-oanoe noaio aaiioeio. Eiii’thoa?iee aiae?c ca niaoe?aeueii ?ic?iaeaiith i?ia?aiith 56 AeA oa?aeoa?enoee aecia/a? c iaae?ei?noth 85.7% ii?iaeueiee ia?aa?a aaa?oiino?, 83.0% - eiia??i?noue iaaeiiooaaiiy, 81,0% - niaaeeiao noeeuei?noue aei cae/iiai IA. Ioe?iea ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio aaiioeio ca eiiieaenii /ioe?ueio iieaciee?a ea??ia?aie ai?oae?ioeeo?a ?ioiai? ii?iaeieie oa i?oae aeicaiey? i?iaiicoaaoe ia?aa?a aaa?oiino? ia ?aii?o oa?i?iao aanoaoe??. sseui a oa?i?i? 6-8 oeaei?a ?O a AI aei??aith? 0.47±0.02, a A?I - 0.51±0.02, ss?- 2.82±0.23 oa 2.70±0.42; NO - 15.36±0.30 oa 16.10±0.03, ?iaeaen ICss - 28.5I ±I.42 oa 22.70±0.87 - i?iaiic aaa?oiino? noii?aiee. Aeai? iniae iiaeooue aooe a?aeianai? aei a?oie ?eceeo ii IA ? iio?aaothoue aeaoaeueiiai OeA ianoaaeaiiy. Aaiaoe/i? e?eoa??? aoaeoeaiino? e?eoaaiiy i?e IA: i?e cieaeaii? ia ?aii?o oa?i?iao aanoaoe?? ?O a AI ia 5%, a A?I ia 9%, NO a AI ia 65%, a A?I ia 58%, ssI ia 40% oa ca?eueoaii? ?iaeaeno ICss ia 12% - aaa?oi?noue caa??aaoe iaaeioe?eueii. *aoaa?oee aoai - oeeoiaaiaoe/ia ianoaaeaiiy. I?aeaeuaia /anoioa ee?oei c aaa?aoe?yie o?iiiniiiiai oeio (o ae?iie a 5.1 ?ace, o /ieia?e?a - o 1.1 ?ace) oa iaoaoacieo ieanoeiie c ia?aae/aniei ?icoiaeaeaiiyi o?iiaoeae ? oa?aeoa?ieie iciaeaie aeey iiae?oaei?o ia? c? cae/iei iaaeiiooaaiiyi aaa?oiino?. Canoinoaaiiy cai?iiiiiaaii? i?ia?aie aeanoue ciiao cieceoe ?ecee ia?iaeaeaiiy ae?oae ?c niaaeeiaith oa i?e?iaeaeaiith iaoieia??th, ciaioeoe aaiaoe/iee oyaa? iiioeyoe?e ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie. Aeniiaee  1.?ic?iaeaiee aeai?eoi iaaeeei-aaiaoe/iiai eiinoeueooaaiiy ae?iie aeey aecia/aiiy niaaeeiai? noeeueiino? aei iaaeiiooaaiiy aaa?oiino?, yeee aeeth/a? ee?i?ei-ia?aee?i?/i?, aaiaaeia?/iee, aea?iaoiae?o?/iee, oeeoieia?/iee, oeeoiaaiaoe/iee iaoiaee ianoaaeaiiy, ? ia’?eoeaiei e?eoa???i niaaeeiai? noeeueiino? aei cae/iiai iaaeiiooaaiiy aaa?oiino?. 2. Iayai?noue a ?iaeiaiaeao ae?iie oa ?o /ieia?e?a 57.1% oa 7.3% a?aeiia?aeii, ieiia?eueieo aeeeaei?a, 28.5%, 14.6% iaie?aeiino? oa IA? aecia/a? a?oio ?eceeo ca cae/iei iaaeiiooaaiiyi aaa?oiino?; i?e anoaiiaeaii? o ?iaeiaiaeao 18.75%, 8.75% IA oa 7.5%, 6.25% iaie?aeiino? ? IA? a?aeiia?aeii, iieacaia ianooiia aaiaoe/ia ianoaaeaiiy. 3. Aaaaoioaeoi?iee ? ei?aeyoe?eiee aiae?c 56 aea?iaoiae?o?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee aecia/a? c iaae?ei?noth 85.7% ii?iaeueiee ia?aa?a aaa?oiino?, 83.0% - iiaeeea?noue iaaeiiooaaiiy, 81.0% - niaaeeiao noeeuei?noue aei cae/iiai iaaeiiooaaiiy aaa?oiino?. 4. Cai?iiiiiaaiee iaoiae ioe?iee ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio aaiioeio ca eiiieaenii /ioe?ueio iieaciee?a ea??ia?aie A?I oa ?I ?iaeaena o?iiaoecaoe??, yaea?oeaaiai ?iaeaeno, iieacieea aaoa?ii?eiioe/ii? O-o?iiiniie, ii?oieia?/ii-ci?iaieo yaea? a?aeia?aaea? ci?ie ONA aaa?oieo ? caeaaeeoue a?ae oa?i?io oa ia?aa?ao aaa?oiino?. 5. O in?a c? cae/iei iaaeiiooaaiiyi aaa?oiino? ooieoe?iiaeueia aeoeai?noue aaiioeio cia/ii ci?iaia. Ia ?aii?o oa?i?iao aanoaoe?? ?O a AI ciaioaiee aei 0.47±0.02, a A?I aei 0.51±0.02, ss? aei 2.82±0.03 oa 2.70±0.02, NO aei 15.36±0.30 oa 16.10±0.03 a?aeiia?aeii; ?iaeaen ICss ca?eueoaiee a AI aei 28.50±0.02 oa a A?I aei 22.70±0.07. 6. Aaiaoe/ieie e?eoa??yie aoaeoeaiino? e?eoaaiiy i?e cae/iiio iaaeiiooaaii? aaa?oiino? ? e?euee?ni? ci?ie iieaciee?a ea??ia?aie. I?e cieaeaii? ia ?aii?o oa?i?iao aaa?oiino? ?O a AI ia 5%, a A?I ia 9%, NO a AI ia 65% a A?I ia 58%, ss? ia 40.4% oa ca?eueoai? ICss ia 12% - i?iaiic aaa?oiino? iani?eyoeeaee. 7. *anoioa aaa?aioieo iaoaoac ia 100 ee?oei o ae?iie c iaeii?aciaei oa cae/iei iaaeiiooaaiiyi noaiiaeea a?aeiia?aeii 0.90±0.20; 1.39±0.22 ? ia?aaeuoaaea oaeo a eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? a 1.18 oa 1.83 ?ace a?aeiia?aeii. I?aeaeuaia /anoioa ee?oei c aaa?aoe?yie o?iiiniiiiai oeio (o ae?iie a 5.1 ?ace, o /ieia?e?a a 1.1 ?ace) oa iaoaoacieo ieanoeiie c ia?aae/aniei ?icoiaeaeaiiyi o?iiaoeae ? oa?aeoa?ieie iciaeaie aeey iiae?oaei?o ia? c? cae/iei iaaeiiooaaiiyi aaa?oiino?. Ia?ae?e iioae?eiaaieo ?ia?o ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??. 1. Oaeoi?iee aiae?c aea?iaoiae?o?/ieo iieaciee?a o ae?iie c? cae/iei iaaeiiooaaiiyi aaa?oiino?. //Aaeeoeueeee e?ea?nueeee a?niee. - 1997. - o.4, ?3. - n. 11-13. 2. Ei?aeyoe?eiee aiae?c aea?iaoiae?o?/ieo iieaciee?a o ae?iie ?c iaaeiiooaaiiyi aaa?oiino?. //Oeeoieia?y ? aaiaoeea. - 1998. - o.32, ?1. - n. 116-120. 3. Iaoiaeeea eiii’thoa?iiai aiae?co aea?iaoiae?o?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee ie?aieo iiioeyoe?e aei?ineiai ianaeaiiy. //A?niee A?iieoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo. -1998. -?2.1. -N.98-99. (A ni?aaao. A.A. Aecaiieianueea, E.?. Eiaaeue/oe). 4. Ci?ie ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio niaaeeiaiai aia?aoo niiaoe/ieo ee?oei i?e cae/iiio iaaeiiooaaii? aaa?oiino?. //Iaae?ao??y, aeooa?noai oa a?iaeieia?y. - 1998. - ?4. - n.104-108 (A ni?aaao. E.?. Eiaaeue/oe, ?.?. Aa?eeye). 5. Iaoiaeeea eiii’thoa?iiai aecia/aiiy aaiaoe/ii? noeeueiino? aei iaaeiiooaaiiy aaa?oiino? ia iniia? aea?iaoiae?o?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee. //Aeiiia?ae? Iaoe?iiaeueii? Aeaaeai?? Iaoe. - 1998. - ?8. - n.187-189 (A ni?aaao. I.I. Inei/oe). 6. Oeeoieia?/i? aniaeoe ooieoe?iioaaiiy aaiiio i?e a?iaeaeaieo aaaeao ?icaeoeo ? niaaeeiaeo oai?iaao. A ca. Oace aeiiia?aeae OV?? iaeanii? iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe?? iieiaeeo a/aieo iaaeee?a. ?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1992, n. 18. (A ni?aaao. E. A?o?ioeaaa, C. Ei/a?aa). 7. Aeine?aeaeaiiy aea?iaoiae?o?ee a iiioeyoe?? nooaeaio?a I?eea?iaooy. A ca.: Oace aeiiia?aeae ? iaoe?iiaeueiiai eiia?ano aiaoii?a, a?noieia?a, aia??ieia?a oa oiii a?aoiaiaoii?a Oe?a?ie. ?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1994, n. 21. (A ni?aaao. Eiaaeue/oe E.?., Ei/a?aa C.?., Oaethe I.I., Oooae A.?.). 8. Aio?iiiaaiaoe/i? aniaeoe ioe?iee ii?oiooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio iiioeyoe?e ethaeeie. A ca.: Iaoa??aee ? I?aeia?iaeiiai eiia?ano c ?ioaa?aoeaii? aio?iiieia??, Oa?iii?eue, 1995, n. 175-176. (A ni?aaao. Eiaaeue/oe E.?., Iaciaeiioeaaa ?.I., Ei/a?aa C.?.) 9. Ii?oiaaiaoe/i? ia?ea?e ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio i?aai?cio ethaeeie. A ca.: Aeooaeuei? ieoaiiy ii?oieia??. Oa?iii?eue, 1996, n. 306. (A ni?aaao. Ei/a?aa C.?., Eiaaeue/oe E.?., Neo/ee A.I.). 10. Ci?ie ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio aaiaoe/iiai aia?aoo i?e cae/iiio iaaeiiooaaii? aaa?oiino?: //Ca??iee i?aoeue iieiaeeo a/aieo ?aaii-O?aie?anueei? aea?aeaaii? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai??. ?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1997. - n. 46-47. 11. Aea/aiiy /anoioe oa niaeo?o aiiiae?e ea??ioeio a n?i’yo c? cae/iei iaaeiiooaaiiyi. A ca: Oace aeiiia?aeae i?aeia?iaeiiai iaaee/iiai eiia?ano nooaeaio?a ? iieiaeeo a/aieo. Oa?iii?eue, 1998, n. 288. Aiiaea?aiei I.A. Iaaeeei-aaiaoe/ia eiinoeueooaaiiy iaaeiiooaaiiy aaa?oiino?. - ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 03.00.15. - aaiaoeea (iaaee/i? iaoee). - Oe?a?inueeee iaoeiaee a?a??i?/iee oeaio? IIC Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1998. Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia ieoaiiyi iaaeeei-aaiaoe/iiai eiinoeueooaaiiy ae?iie c? cae/iei iaaeiiooaaiiyi aaa?oiino?. Cai?iiiiiaaia nenoaia iaaeeei-aaiaoe/iiai ianoaaeaiiy ae?iie aeey aeyaeaiiy niaaeeiai? noeeueiino? aei iaaeiiooaaiiy aaa?oiino? (IA), yea aeeth/a? ee?i?ei-aaiaaeia?/iee, aea?iaoiae?o?/iee, oeeoieia?/iee oa oeeoiaaiaoe/iee iaoiaee ianoaaeaiiy. Anoaiiaeai? aaiaoe/i? e?eoa??? aoaeoeaiino? e?eoaaiiy ae?iie c IA. ?ic?iaeaia iaoaiaoe/ia eiii’thoa?ia i?ia?aia aeey ioe?iee ?eceeo aeaii? iaoieia??, i?iaiico ia?aa?ao aaa?oiino? oa ia?iaeaeaiiy caei?iaeo ae?oae. Eeth/ia? neiaa: iaaeiiooaaiiy aaa?oiino?, niaaeeia?noue, aea?iaoiae?o?ea, ooieoe?iiaeueiee noai aaiioeio, o?iiiniii? aaa?aoe??. Aiiaea?aiei I.A. Iaaeeei-aaiaoe/aneia eiinoeueoe?iaaiea iaauiaoeaaiey aa?aiaiiinoe - ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/?iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeeoeeineeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 03.00.15. - aaiaoeea (iaaeeoeeineea iaoee). - Oe?aeineee iao/iue aeaeaie/aneee oeaio? IC Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1998. Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai iaaeeei-aaiaoe/aneiai eiinoeueoe?iaaiey aeaiuei n i?eau/iui iaauiaoeaaieai aa?aiaiiinoe. I?aaeeiaeaia nenoaia iaaeeei-aaiaoe/aneiai ianeaaeiaaiey aeaiuei aeey auyaeaiey ianeaaenoaaiiiai i?aae?aniieiaeaiey e iaauiaoeaaieth aa?aiaiiinoe (IA), eioi?ay aeeth/aao eeeieei-aaiaaeiae/aneee, aea?iaoiaeeoe/aneee, oeeoieiae/aneee e oeeoiaaiaoe/aneee iaoiaeu ianeaaeiaaiey. Onoaiiaeaiu aaiaoe/aneea e?eoa?ee yooaoeaiinoe ea/aiey n IA. ?ac?aaioaia iaoaiaoe/aneay eiiiuethoa?iay i?ia?aiia aeey ioeaiee ?enea aeaiie iaoieiaee, i?iaiica oa/aiey aa?aiaiiinoe e ?iaeaeaiey caei?iauo aeaoae. Eeth/aaua neiaa: iaauiaoeaaiea aa?aiaiiinoe, ianeaaenoaaiiinoue, aea?iaoiaeeoeea, ooieoeeiiaeueiia ninoiyiea aaiioeia, o?iiiniiiua aaa??aoeee. Bondarenko M.V. Medical genetic consulting of incompetent pregnancy. - Manuscript. Thesis for candidate of medical sciences degree in speciality 03.00.15. - genetics (medical sciences). - Ukrainian Scientific Hygienic Centre of the Ukrainian Ministry of Health, Kyiv, 1998. The dissertation deals with the problems of the medical genetic consulting of women suffering from habitual miscarriage. The system of the medical genetic examination of women for revealing the hereditary tendency for incompetent pregnancy has been developed. This system includes clinical, genealogical, dermatoglyphic, cytological and cytogenetic methods of examination, the genetical criteria of the effectiveness of the treatment of women suffering from premature pregnancy have been established. There has been developed the mathematical computer program for estimating the risk of the pathology, prognosing the advance of pregnancy and for estimating the probability of birth of the healthy children. Key words: habitual miscarriage, heredity, dermatoglymphics, functional condition of the genotype, chromosome aberrations.

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