IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE

?INOEOOO I?IAEAI IAOAIAOE*IEO IAOEI ? NENOAI

OAeE 518.5:556.18

AIEIAAIIA ?ai? Ieeieaeiae/

IAOAIAOE*IA IIAeAETHAAIIss ?AAEEI?A AENIEOAOAOe?? AIAeINOIAEU C IAOITH
?O IIOEI?CAOe?? II AIAeIAINIIAeA?NUeEEI OA AEIEIA?*IEI E?EOA??ssI

01.05.02 — iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaethaaiiy oa ia/enethaaeuei? iaoiaee

A a o i ? a o a ? a o

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a-1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?inoeooo? i?iaeai iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoei ? nenoai

Iaoe?iiaeueii? aeaaeai?? iaoe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: eaiaeeaeao o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe, n.i.n.

AEaeaciye Ia?e Eineiiae/,

?IIIN IAI Oe?a?ie, caa.a?aeae?eii.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Eeoaeiia A?oae?e Aaneeueiae/,

?inoeooo i?ia?aiieo nenoai IAI
Oe?a?ie, caa a?aeae?eii

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, n.i.n.

Noaiaoei Aieiaeeie? Naiaiiae/,

I?aeia?iaeiee iaoeiai-iaa/aeueiee
oeaio?

?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e oa
nenoai IAI Oe?a?ie

oa I?iina?oe Oe?a?ie, caa.
a?aeae?eii.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Iaoe?iiaeueiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao Oe?a?ie
“EI?”,

eaoaae?a i?eeeaaeii? iaoaiaoeee,
i.Ee?a.

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 10 ” aa?aciy 1999 ?. i 14-00
aiaeei? ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.204.01 i?e
?inoeooo? i?iaeai iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoei ? nenoai Iaoe?iiaeueii? aeaaeai??
iaoe Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 252187, i.Ee?a-207, i?. Aeaae. Aeooeiaa 42,
aoae.409.

A?aeaoee ia aaoi?aoa?ao o aeaio i?ei??ieeao, cana?ae/ai? ia/aoeith
onoaiiae, i?ineii iaaeneeaoe ca aae?anith: 252187, Ee?a-187, i?.
Aeaaeai?ea Aeooeiaa, 42, ?inoeooo i?iaeai iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoei ? nenoai
IAI Oe?a?ie, a/aiiio nae?aoa?th.

N aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiio a?o?a?
?inoeoooo i?iaeai iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoei ? nenoai IAI Oe?a?ie.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 1 ” ethoiai 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee __________________________________A.?.
Oiaeae

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Caaea/a aecia/aiiy ?aaeei?a aenieoaoaoe??
aiaeinoiaeu oa ea?oaaiiy eaneaaeii, a oe?eiio, aeieeea ?acii c iiyaith
aiaeinoiaeu. Nii/aoeo aenieoaoaoe?y oeeo a?ae?ioaoi?/ieo nii?oae aoea
i?aeii?yaeeiaaia iao? a?ae?iaia?aaoeee, ye iniiaiiai aiaeiei?enooaa/a.
Caaeiaieaiiy iio?aa an?o ?ioeo aiaeiei?enooaa/?a e aiaeiniiaeeaa/?a
cae?enithaaeiny ca caeeoeiaei i?eioeeiii. Oeae i?aeo?ae a?aeaeaaee e
cai?iiiiiaai? iaoiaee ?ica’ycoaaiiy caaea/? iiooeo ?aaeei?a
aenieoaoaoe??, na?aae yeeo ?ic?iaeai? ye iioei?caoe?ei?, oae e
iaiioei?caoe?ei?. sse?nii iiaee i?aeo?ae aei ??oaiiy oaei? caaea/? o?nii
iia’ycaii c aeei?enoaiiyi iaoiae?a iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy, ye?
aeicaieythoue noaaeoe aeine?aee ia iiaeae?, “i?ia?aaath/e” ??ci?
neooaoe??, ?, oaeei /eiii, ciaoiaeeoe i?eionoei? aeey i?aeoeee ??oaiiy.
Cae/aeiei ?icaeoeii oeueiai i?aeoiaeo i?e ?iaio? c iiaeaeeth noaei
canoinoaaiiy iaoiae?a iioei?caoe?? c iaoith ciaioaiiy e?eueeino?
aeueoa?iaoea, ui aiae?cothoueny. Iaoiaee ?ic?iaee oa canoinoaaiiy
iioei?caoe?eieo iiaeaeae aeey iiooeo ?aaeei?a ?iaioe aiaeinoiaeu
i?aaenoaaeai? a aeine?aeaeaiiyo A. Noaiaoei, A. Iiiiia?aiei, E. Aie/oea,
E. Oeethea (Oe?a?ia), A.I?yaeeinei?, ?. Oeaaoeiaa, (?in?y), Aeae.
Aiaa?ae? (I?aea?eaiaee), oa ?i. Aeey ?ica’ycoaaiiy iioei?caoe?eieo
caaea/, ui iinoathoue a oeeo iiaeaeyo, nii/aoeo aeei?enoiaoaaeeny,
aieiaiei /eiii, eeane/i? iaoiaee aa??aoe?eiiai ia/eneaiiy, aeeiai?/iiai
i?ia?aioaaiiy, iaoiaee oo?aoieo ooieoe?e, ui iiaaii i?aeoiaeeee aeey
ae??oaiiy i?aeoe/ieo caaea/. O iiaeaeueoeo ?iaioao, io?eio? ?icaeoie
nooi aaaaoie?eoa??aeueiee i?aeo?ae i?e ae??oaii? caaea/? ?aaoethaaiiy
??/eiaiai noieo, oai?aoe/i? canaaee yeiai aoee caeeaaeai? o ?iaioao A.
I. Aeooeiaa, A.N.I?oaeaa?/a, A.A. Eeoaeiiaa, A.E Aieeiae/a oa ?i., yeee
aeicaiey? ciaoiaeeoe eiii?ii?nia ??oaiiy c o?aooaaiiyi aeiia aei
?aaeeio, ui iiaeathoueny ??ciiiai?oieie aiaeiniiaeeaa/aie e
aiaeiei?enooaa/aie. I?ioa, a?eueoith /anoeiith, aeei?enoiaoaaany iaaeoi
iaiaaeaiee iaa?? aiaeiainiiaea?nueeeo e?eoa???a e oiio ia aeiaaaeiny
canoinoaaiiy ?icaeiaieo cania?a ae??ooaaiiy i?iaeaie
aaaaoie?eoa??aeueiino?.

A iei?oi?e /an, a oiiaao caa?oaeiaiiy eaneaaeo Aei?i?ianueeeo
aiaeinoiaeu ?aae?iioee?aeaie oa ?ioeie caa?oaeithaa/aie, aeieeea
caaea/a ioe?ithaaiiy aieeao ?aaeei?a aenieoaoaoe?? aiaeinoiaeu ia
iieacieee yeino? aiaee oa i?iaiico eiioeaio?aoe?? caa?oaeithaa/?a i?e
??cieo no?aoaa?yo oi?aae?iiy aiaeinoiaeuaie a ??ciiiai?oi?e
a?ae?ieia?/i?e ianoaiiaoe?. ?ic?iaeith iiaeaeae i?a?aoe??
caa?oaeithaa/?a o aiaeinoiaeuao a Oe?a?i? caeiathoueny aeine?aeieoeuee?
eieaeoeae ?.??aiaiea, I.AEaeaciyea, I.Eiaaeaiea, A.Eaa?eea, A.ssoeeea.
A?aeii? aeine?aeaeaiiy oe??? i?iaeaie aeeiiai? I.Aaneeue?aei,
A.I?yaeeinueeie (?in?y), AE. Ethiaeai (O?aioe?y), E.Ii?oe, Aeae.
I?eiaii, O.Oiee? (NOA) oa ?i. Oe? iiaeae? iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? i?e
?ica’ycoaaii? caaea/ iiooeo ?aaeei?a aenieoaoaoe?? aiaeinoiaeu c ?yaeo
e?eoa???a, na?aae yeeo iiaeooue aooe i?enooi?ie ni?eueii, ye
aiaeiainiiaea?nuee?, oae ? aeieia?/i?, ui aeiaaa? aaeeooy ?icaeiaiiai
aaaaoie?eoa??aeueiiai i?aeoiaeo. Iia??oaiiy aeieia?/ii? neooaoe?? oa
?icaeoie no/anieo cania?a eiii’thoa?ii? oaoi?ee aeiaaa? oaeineiiaeaiiy
iaoiae?a oa iiaeaeae, ye? iieeeeai? aeey caaacia/aiiy i?aeoe/ieo iio?aa.

Oaeei /eiii, aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie coiiaeaia, c iaeiiai aieo,
c?inoath/ith i?aeoe/iith iio?aaith a ??oaii? oaeeo caaea/, c ?ioiai —
iaaeinoaoi?i ??aiai ?icaeoeo iaoiae?a oa iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae aeey ?o
ae??ooaaiiy, ye? caaeiaieueiyee a no/aniei iio?aaai i?aeoeee. Aac
aeei?enoaiiy oaeiai aia?aoo iaiiaeeeai noai?aiiy no/anieo nenoai
i?aeo?eiee i?eeiyooy ??oaiue (NII?) aiaeii-aeieia?/ii? i???ioaoe??.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. ?iaioa
aeeiiaia a ?aieao i?ia?aie iaoeiaeo ?ia?o IAI Oe?a?ie ? I?i/i?iiaeey
Oe?a?ie c e?ea?aeaoe?? iane?aee?a *i?iiaeeuenueei? aaa???, aeie:
“I?iaiicoaaiiy ?aae?aoe?eiiai caa?oaeiaiiy iiaa?oiaaeo aiae aiane?aeie
*i?iiaeeuenueei? aaa???”, a oiio /ene? o/ae 1610 c I?i/i?iiaeeai
Oe?a?ie : “Aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiae?a neooaoe?eiiai i?iaiicoaaiiy
oi?ioaaiiy ?aae?iaeoeaiiai caa?oaeiaiiy Aei?i?ianueeeo aiaeinoiaeu,
aeeth/ath/e iane?aeee aiaeiioi?iiii? ae?yeueiino?”, a oaeiae i?iaeoo
?IOAN- UA95-124.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ? noai?aiiy
iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae aeey iiooeo ?aaeei?a aenieoaoaoe?? aiaeinoiaeu ii
aiaeiainiiaea?nueeei oa aeieia?/iei e?eoa??yi oa ?o canoinoaaiiy aeey
ae??oaiiy i?aeoe/ieo caaea/.

O i?ioean? ?ic?iaee iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? oa iiooeo ca ?? aeiiiiiaith
?aaeei?a aenieoaoaoe?? aiaeinoiaeu iaiao?aeii ae??oeoe oae? caaea/?:

· c?iaeoe aiae?c noaio i?iaeaie iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy ?aaeei?a
?iaioe aiaeinoiaeu a no/anieo aeieia?/ieo oiiaao;

· oi?iae?coaaoe iinoaiiaeo caaea/? iiaeaethaaiiy eaneaaeo aiaeinoiaeu oa
aeae?eeoe iniiai? aoaie ?? ae??ooaaiiy;

· noi?ioethaaoe iniiai? aiaeiainiiaea?nuee? oa aeieia?/i? e?eoa???
ea?oaaiiy ?aaeeiaie ?iaioe eaneaaeo aiaeinoiaeu;

· aaeaiooaaoe a?aeii? aai noai?eoe iia? caniae aeey aeeiiaiiy eiaeiiai
aoaio iiaeaethaaiiy ?aaeei?a ?iaioe aiaeinoiaeu;

· noai?eoe i?ia?aiio ?aae?caoe?th iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? iiooeo ?aaeei?a
aenieoaoaoe?? aiaeinoiaeu ii aiaeiainiiaea?nueeei oa aeieia?/iei
e?eoa??yi ia iniia? no/anieo ia/enethaaeueieo, iia?aoe?eieo oa
i?ia?aiieo cania?a;

· ia aac? iioei?caoe?eii? iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? oa ?? i?ia?aiii?
?aae?caoe?? aeeiiaoe iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaethaaiiy ?aaeueiiai eaneaaeo
aiaeinoiaeu c o?aooaaiiyi aeieia?/ieo e?eoa???a;

· i?iaanoe aiae?c iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iiaeaethaaiiy oa aeaeaoe
?aeiiaiaeaoe?? aeey ?o canoinoaaiiy.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a oiio, ui aaoi?ii
aia?oa:

· ?ic?iaeaii iioei?caoe?eio iiaeaeue oa ?? i?ia?aiio ?aae?caoe?th aeey
iiooeo ?aaeei?a aenieoaoaoe?? aiaeinoiaeu c? ni?eueiei aeei?enoaiiyi
aiaeiainiiaea?nueeeo oa aeieia?/ieo e?eoa???a c o?aooaaiiyi ocaiaeaeaiiy
iaeanoae i?eionoeieo ??oaiue, yea iiaea aeei?enoiaoaaoeny aeey ethaeo
caa?oaeiee?a, i?a?aoe?y yeeo iieno?oueny eaia?ieie iiaeaeyie;

· cai?iiiiiaaia iaoiaeeea oa ?ic?iaeaii aeai?eoi iiaoaeiae iiaeaeae aeey
aiaeiainiiaea?nueeeo nenoai ii noaoenoe/iei aeaiei ca aeiiiiiaith
iioei?caoe?eiiai iaoiaea c aiinoa??i?iith ioe?ieith yeino?
aeno?aiieyoe?? oa ai??i?ii caaeaieie aeanoeainoyie, yeee ?aae?ciaaii o
aeaeyae? eiii’thoa?ieo i?ia?ai;

· c iaoith iieaaoaiiy i?ioeano eieae?caoe?? aenia?oieo ia?aaaa a
i?inoi?? e?eoa???a ?ic?iaeaii aeai?eoi ae?aeiaiaiai iaoiaea aaeoi?ii?
iioei?caoe??, aeiaaaeaiee aei i?ia?aiii? ?aae?caoe??;

· ca aeiiiiiaith ?ic?iaeaii? iiaeae? aeeiiai? ia/enethaaeuei?
aenia?eiaioe ii aeine?aeaeaiith aieeao canoinoaaiiy ??cieo oei?a
e?eoa???a iioei?caoe?? ia ?aaeeie aenieoaoaoe?? aiaeinoiaeu, ?acoeueoaoe
yeeo i?iaeaiiino?oaaee ia?aaaae ?? aeei?enoaiiy;

· i?e aeei?enoaii? ?ic?iaeaii? aaaaoie??oa??aeueii? iioei?caoe?eii?
iiaeae? ae??oaia i?aeoe/ia caaea/a iiooeo ?aaeei?a aenieoaoaoe??
aiaeinoiaeu Aei?i?ianueeiai eaneaaeo ii aiaeiainiiaea?nueeei oa
aeieia?/iei e?eoa??yi a oiiaao aaaeeiai caa?oaeiaiiy iaaeieeoiueiai
na?aaeiaeua i?ney *i?iiaeeuenueei? aaa??? oa aeyaeaia iiaeeea?noue
ciaioaiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? caa?oaeithaa/a a aiae? i?aaeaiieo aiaeinoiaeu
eaneaaeo i?ae /an iiaaiae na?aaeiuei? oa iecueei? caaacia/aiino? ca
?aooiie aeei?enoaiiy i?aaeeueii? no?aoaa?? ea?oaaiiy.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. ?ic?iaeaia iioei?caoe?eia
iiaeaeue, ?acoeueoaoe ai?iaaaeaeaiiy yei? aeey Aei?i?ianueeiai
eaneaaeo aiaeinoiaeu i?iaeaiiino?oaaee, ui aeei?enoaiiy oaeiai
iaoaiaoe/iiai ?ino?oiaioa??th aeicaiey? a oiiaao aaa??eiiai caa?oaeiaiiy
aiaeinoiaeu ciaeoe iioeiaeuei? ?aaeeie ?o aenieoaoaoe??, ui i?ecaiaeyoue
aei cia/iiai iie?auaiiy noaio ieaei?o aiaeinoiaeu eaneaaeo o iaeiaiaei?
?iee ? aeayeiai iie?auaiiy ?o noaio o ?iee na?aaeiuei? aiaeiino?.

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe iiaeooue aeei?enoiaoaaoenue ia i?aeoeoe? o
nenoaiao i?aeo?eiee i?eeiyooy ??oaiue c aeieia?/ii? aaciaee aeey
ae??oaiiy oaeeo caaea/:

· aecia/aiiy ?aaeei?a ?iaioe aiaeinoiaeu ia i?iaiiciee ia??iae /ano aeey
caaea/ iiaeaethaaiiy i?a?aoe?? caa?oaeithth/eo ?a/iaei o aiaeinoiaeuao;

· ciaoiaeaeaiiy a??ii? no?aoaa?? ea?oaaiiy eaneaaeii aiaeinoiaeu a
oiiaao aeieia?/iiai caa?oaeiaiiy, i?e aeei?enoaii? yei? iiaeeeai aeayea
ciaioaiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? oiene/ieo ?a/iaei o aiae?;

· oaeaeea aeyaeaiiy aenia?oieo ia?aaaa i?e ae??ooaaii? caaea/ aaeoi?ii?
iioei?caoe??;

· aaoiiaoe/ii? iiaoaeiae iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae a eean? iie?iii?a ii
noaoenoe/iei aeaiei c ioe?ieith yeino? aeno?aiieyoe??.

C aeei?enoaiiyi ?ic?iaeaii? iiaeae? eiaeiee ??e aeeiiothoueny
?ic?aooiee aeey i?iaiicoaaiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? ?aae?iioee?ae?a a aiae?
Aei?i?ianueeeo aiaeinoiaeu i?ae /an aaniyieo iiaaiae. ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe
oaeiae ai?iaaaeaeai? a i?ia?aiiiio eiiieaen? AeIAEN a Aea?aeeiiaiaeaini?
Oe?a?ie.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. A iioae?eiaaieo iaoeiaeo i?aoeyo aaoi?ii
iniaenoi aeeiiaii eiiieaen aeine?aeaeaiue:

· ia iniia? no/anieo oai?aoe/ieo oyaeaiue ? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo
i?i iniaeeaino? o?ainii?oo caa?oaeithaa/?a /a?ac aiaeinoiaeua i?iaaaeaii
iaa?oiooaaiiy iaiao?aeiino? iiaoaeiae iioei?caoe?eii? iiaeae? iiooeo
?aaeei?a aenieoaoaoe?? aiaeinoiaeu c o?aooaaiiyi aeieia?/ieo e?eoa???a;

· aeeiiaia iaoaiaoe/ia iinoaiiaea caaea/? iiaeaethaaiiy ?aaeei?a
aenieoaoaoe?? eaneaaeo aiaeinoiaeu c o?aooaaiiyi aeieia?/ieo e?eoa???a
oa aeae?eaii iniiai? aoaie ?? ae??ooaaiiy;

· cai?iiiiiaaii oaeaeeo i?ioeaaeo?o aeyaeaiiy aenia?oieo ia?aaaa a
i?ioean? ??oaiiy noi?ioeueiaaii? aaaaoie?eoa??aeueii? caaea/? i?e
ni?eueiiio aeei?enoaii? aiaeiainiiaea?nueeeo oa aeieia?/ieo e?eoa???a;

· cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiaeeeo oa ?ic?iaeaii aeai?eoi iiaoaeiae iiaeaeae aeey
aiaeiainiiaea?nueeeo nenoai ii noaoenoe/iei aeaiei ca aeiiiiiaith
iioei?caoe?eiiai iaoiaea;

· ?ic?iaeaii oa i?ia?aiii ?aae?ciaaii aaaaoie?eoa??aeueio iioei?caoe?eio
iiaeaeue iiooeo ?aaeei?a aenieoaoaoe?? Aei?i?ianueeiai eaneaaeo
aiaeinoiaeu c o?aooaaiiyi ocaiaeaeaiiy iaeanoae i?eionoeieo ??oaiue;

· c iaoith aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao canoinoaaiiy ??cieo oei?a e?eoa???a
iioei?caoe?? ia ?aaeeie aenieoaoaoe?? aiaeinoiaeu, aeeiiai?
ia/enethaaeuei? aenia?eiaioe ii iiooeo ?aaeei?a aenieoaoaoe??
aiaeinoiaeu Aei?i?ianueeiai eaneaaeo, ?acoeueoaoe yeeo aeaiiino?othoue
ia?aaaae canoinoaaiiy noai?aii? iiaeae?;

· i?e aeei?enoaii? noai?aii? iiaeae?, aeeiiai? eiii’thoa?i? ?ic?aooiee,
ca aeiiiiiaith yeeo aeyaeaia iiaeeea?noue ciaioaiiy eiioeaio?aoe??
caa?oaeithaa/a a ?ic/eii?e oac? i?aaeaiieo aiaeinoiaeu Aei?i?ianueeiai
eaneaaeo ca ?aooiie aeei?enoaiiy a??ii? no?aoaa?? ea?oaaiiy.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe
i?aaenoaaeyeeny ia nai?ia?? “Nenoaiiee aiae?c ? iaoiaee iaoaiaoe/iiai
iiaeaethaaiiy a aeieia??” (Ee?a, ?I IIN IAIO, 1991-1998??.); ia nai?ia??
“Iiaeaethaaiiy aeieiai-aeiiii?/ieo nenoai ia aac? iiaeo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo
oaoiieia?e” (ea??aieee /e.-ei??. IAIO A.A.?aaoiaiei oa ae.o.i.
A.N.Noaiaoei, Ee?a, IIIOe ?ON IAIO 1998?.); i?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe??
“Ia/enethaaeuei? iaoiaee a aiaeieo ?ano?nao” (Aaeaeaeueaa?a, Aa?iai?y,
1994?.); i?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? “Ea?oaaiiy aiaeinoiaeuaie a oiiaao
eiioe?eoieo ?ioa?an?a ei?enooaa/?a” (Eiiaeii, 1996?.); i?aeia?iaei?e
eiioa?aioe?? “Aieea aoiiieo aeaeo?inoaioe?e oa ?ioeo
?aae?aoe?eii-iaaacia/ieo ia’?eo?a ia a?ae?ieia?/iee oeeee oa aiaei?
?ano?ne” (Iai?inuee, 1996?.); i?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? “Aieea oaoi?ee
ia iaaeieeoi? na?aaeiaeua: iaoeia?, i?aeoe/i? oa eiia?oe?ei? aniaeoe”
(Naia?a, 1996?.); I’yo?e Oe?a?inuee?e eiioa?aioe?? c aaoiiaoe/iiai
oi?aae?iiy “Aaoiiaoeea-98” (Ee?a, IOOO “EI?”, 1998? ).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 7 ?ia?o, a oiio /ene?:
o i?aeia?iaeieo aeaeaiiyo – 2, o a?o/eciyieo aeaeaiiyo – 5.

Ia’?i oa no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa aeeiiaia ia
152 noi??ieao ? i?noeoue anooi, 4 ?icae?ee, caeeth/aiiy, nienie
aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae oa aeeth/a? 21 ?enoiie, 8 oaaeeoeue. Nienie
aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae i?noeoue 192 iaeiaioaaiue, 57 caei?aeiiieo
aeeth/ii.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iiaea?oueny iaa?oiooaaiiy aeooaeueiino? oaie
aeena?oaoe??, noi?ioeueiaaii ?? iaoo oa caaea/?, iaaiaeeoueny ci?no
?iaioe ca ?icae?eaie, aeiaiaeeoueny i?aeoe/ia cia/ei?noue oa iaoeiaa
iiaecia ?acoeueoao?a.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? iiaeaia oa?aeoa?enoeea ia’?eoo iiaeaethaaiiy.
Aeeiiaii iaeyae a?aeiieo iaoiae?a iiaeaethaaiiy aeeiai?ee aiae o
aiaeinoiaeuao, iaoiae?a iiaeaethaaiiy o?ainii?oo caa?oaeiaiue,
noaoenoe/ieo iaoiae?a iiaoaeiae iiaeaeae aeey aiaeiainiiaea?nueeeo
nenoai oa aeei?enoaiiy iioei?caoe?eieo iaoiae?a a caaea/ao iiaeaethaaiiy
oaeeo nenoai. C?iaeaia oi?iae?ciaaia iinoaiiaea caaea/? iiaeaethaaiiy
eaneaaeo aiaeinoiaeu c iaoith iiooeo ?aaeei?a aenieoaoaoe?? e aecia/aii
iniiai? aoaie ?? ae??ooaaiiy. Oi?iae?ciaai? e?eoa??? ea?oaaiiy ?aaeeiaie
?iaioe eaneaaeo aiaeinoiaeu.

Iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue eaneaaeo aiaeinoiaeu aeey iiooeo ?aaeei?a
aenieoaoaoe?? iiaea aooe i?aaenoaaeaia oaeei /eiii. A?ae?ieia?/iee oa
aeieia?/iee noai aiaeieo ?ano?n?a eaneaaeo, yeee neeaaea?oueny c n
aiaeinoiaeu, ia aeayeiio /aniaiio ?ioa?aae? [0,T] aecia/a?oueny
ooieoe?yie:

wmetafile8? ??o????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
? ???&??yyyy?????AyyyAyyy`??A?? ???&?
?MathType??P????u?th?????? wmetafile8? ??o????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?`???&??yyyy?????AyyyAyyy ??A?? ???&?
?MathType??P????u?th?????? wmetafile8?
??u???????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? @ ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyya??o?? ???&?
?MathType??P????u?th?????? aea wmetafile8? ??A ?aieao
eaia?ieo iiaeaeae aiaeiee aaeain aiaeinoiaeu eaneaaeo i?aaenoaaey?oueny
??aiyiiyi

wmetafile8?
??*??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? a`???&??yyyy?????Ayyy3/4yyy ????? ???&?
?MathType??°?
???u?????????»????-?????@????1???u?th?????? aea
wmetafile8? ??o????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?`???&??yyyy?????AyyyAyyy ??A?? ???&?
?MathType??P????u?th??????
wmetafile8? ??i???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????   
???&??yyyy?????Ay©y` E ???&? ?MathType??A?
???u?????????»????-?????=@????=???u?th??????aea
wmetafile8? ???????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
 ????&??yyyy?????AyAy@` ???&? ?MathType??
????u?th??????wmetafile8? ??A???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?A???&??yyyy?????AyAy?A ???&?
?MathType??P????u?th??????wmetafile8? ??A???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ?
???&??yyyy?????AyAyaA ???&?
?MathType??P????u?th??????wmetafile8? ?????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?A???&??yyyy?????AyAy?A ???&?
?MathType??P????u?th??????wmetafile8? ?????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ?
???&??yyyy?????AyAyaA ???&? ?MathType??P????u?th??????o?aaa
i?i?i?coaaoe ooieoe?iiaee

wmetafile8?
????????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? ?`???&??yyyy?????Ay?y ? ???&?
?MathType??°????u?th??????aea wmetafile8? ??i???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? @
???&??yyyy?????Ay?ya o ???&?
?MathType??P????u?th??????wmetafile8? ??!???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
A@???&??yyyy?????Ay©y?i ???&? ?MathType??????u?th??????oa
(aai) wmetafile8? ??ae???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
? ???&??yyyy?????Ay?y`? ???&?
?MathType??°????u?th??????wmetafile8? ??Oe????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?????&??yyyy?????AyAyAA ???&? ?MathType??P????u?th??????
I?eeiath/e aei oaaae ia?ic?eai?noue aeo?ao aiaee i?ae noi?aeieie
aiaeinoiaeuaie, iiaeia caienaoe wmetafile8? ??*???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?????&??yyyy?????AyAy@A ???&? ?MathType??P????u?th??????
sse?noue ea?oaaiiy aiaeinoiaeuai aeioe?eueii ioe?ithaaoe e?ioeaaith
e?euee?noth aeayeeo cae/aeieo aiaeiainiiaea?nueeeo, aeiiii?/ieo,
aeieia?/ieo iieaciee?a, ye? o noeoiiino? oa?aeoa?ecothoue iane?aeee
??oaiue, ye? i?eeiathoueny, aeey ??cieo aniaeo?a ooieoe?iioaaiiy
aiaeinoiaeua. Aaaaoi neeaaeieo caaea/ i?eeiaiiy ??oaiue, a oiio /ene? ?
oey, aeeth/athoue e?eueea noia?a/eeaeo (iaeii/anii iaaeinyaeieo) oe?eae,
ui, i?e?iaeii, aaaea aei aeei?enoaiiy e?eueeio e?eoa???a i?e aeai?? ae?e
c iiiaeeie aeueoa?iaoea. Oae, iai?eeeaae, i?e ieaioaaii? ?aaeei?a ?iaioe
aiaeinoiaeu aeieeathoue i?ioe??//y i?ae aeiiaaie ??cieo
aiaeiei?enooaa/?a oa aiaeiniiaeeaa/?a. Cie?aia, aeiiae ??/eiaiai oeioo
aei i?aeo?eioaaiiy ??aiy iaa?aaoe?eiiai ni?aoethaaiiy aiaeinoiaeu a
e?oith iaaeaiue, ye? caaacia/othoue noaeioiaei? aeeaeie, iiaeooue
anooiaoe a i?ioe??//y c caaacia/aiiyi nai?oa?ieo aeo?ao aiaee a ieaei?
a’?oe aiaeinoiaeu oa caaacia/aiith aiaeith aiaeiniiaeeaa/?a, ye?
ciaoiaeyoueny ieae/a noai?o a?aae?. A caaaeueiiio aeiaaeeo, e?eoa???
ea?oaaiiy aiaeinoiaeuai noia?a/eea?. Iniiaia i?iaeaia aeei?enoaiiy
iaiaaeaieo aiaeieo ?ano?n?a iieyaa? a oiio, uia a aeinoaoiuei?
e?eueeino? oa i?e caa?aaeaii? iio??aii? yeino? aiaee, ?iciiae?eeoe ?o ii
a?aeiia?aeiei iai?yieai ei?enooaaiiy, ia??aeei eiieo?oth/ei i?ae niaith.
Oiio iaiao?aeiith neeaaeiaith /anoeiith iioei?caoe?eii? iiaeae?
aenieoaoaoe?? aiaeinoiaeu iiaeiia aooe iiaeaeue iiooeo eiii?ii?niiai
??oaiiy a oiiaao aaaaoie?eoa??aeueiino?.

Ae?ac (3) oyaey? niaith caaaeueiee aeaeyae nenoaie iiaeaeae aeey iiooeo
?aaeei?a aenieoaoaoe?? aiaeinoiaeu c o?aooaaiiyi aeieia?/ieo e?eoa???a.
A caeaaeiino? a?ae niinia?a eiino?oeoeaiiai caaaeaiiy ooieoe?e
wmetafile8? ??°????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
? ???&??yyyy?????AyAy`A ???&? ?MathType??P????u?th??????
Oaeei /eiii, i?i?iaeueia nenoaia iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae iiaeiia ai?uoaaoe
a?ae?ieia?/io oa aeieia?/io iiaeae? ia’?eo?a (aiaeinoiaeu), iiaeae?
ie?aieo iieaciee?a yeino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy nenoaie (caeaaeiino?
iieaciee?a yeino? a?ae ae??oaeueieo ci?iieo) oa iiaeaeue aeyaeaiiy
aenia?oieo ia?aaaa.

Aiae?c iio?aa aei ?aaeeio ?iaioe aiaeinoiaeu a ??ci? naciie oa i?e
??cieo neooaoe?yo aiaeicaaacia/aiino? aeicaieea aeae?eeoe ?yae
aiaeiainiiaea?nueeeo e?eoa???a, yeeie iiaeia ea?oaaoeny i?e iiooeo
?aaeei?a, ye? i?eaeaoi? aeey i?aeoe/ieo iio?aa. Aei oaeeo e?eoa???a
iiaeia a?aeianoe:

1. wmetafile8? ??AE???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? A@
???&??yyyy?????AyyyAyyy? ????? ???&?
?MathType??°????u?th??????2. wmetafile8? ??y???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
A ???&??yyyy?????Ay©y`i ???&? ?MathType??????u?th??????3.
wmetafile8? ??e???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
AA???&??yyyy?????Ay©y?i ???&? ?MathType??????u?th??????
Aeieia?/i? e?eoa??? ?icaeyaeathoueny aeey eiaeiiai caa?oaeithaa/a
ie?aii. Aeey neooaoe?? caa?oaeiaiiy eaneaaeo aiaeinoiaeu ci?iiei a /an?
aeaea?aeii (iai?eeeaae, ?aae?iaeoeaiei noieii ?.I?ei’youe, yeee iinooia?
aei Ee?anueeiai aiaeinoiaeua), aeey aeei?enoaiiy aoee ia?ai? ianooii?
aeieia?/i? e?eoa???:

4. wmetafile8? ??I???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?????&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyyA ????? ???&?
?MathType??°????u?th??????5. wmetafile8? ??‘???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? A?
???&??yyyy?????Ay©yAi ???&? ?MathType??????u?th??????
E?euee?niee aniaeo i?iaeaie ei?enooaaiiy aiaeith iia’ycaii c
caaacia/aiiyi ?aoe?iiaeueiiai ?iciiae?eo aiaee i?ae ??cieie
niiaeeaa/aie. Iniaeeaino? iio?aa aei ?aaeei?a ?iaioe aiaeinoiaeu
eaneaaeo, iiaeaieo ??cieie aiaeiei?enooaa/aie oa aiaeiniiaeeaa/aie,
a?aoiaai? a iiaeae? (1-3) o aeaeyae? iaiaaeaiue ia aeo?aoe wmetafile8?
??°???????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? ?????&??yyyy?????AyAy@A ???&?
?MathType??P????u?th?????? Ae?oaee ?icae?e i?enay/aii ?icaeyaeo
ieoaiue, iia’ycaieo c iiaoaeiaith iiaeaeae aeey aiaeiainiiaea?nueeeo
nenoai ii noaoenoe/iei aeaiei. A?aeie?aieaii iniiai? aoaie iiaoaeiae
oaeeo iiaeaeae. Iaa?oioiaaii oa cai?iiiiiaaii iioei?caoe?eiee iaoiae
nei?i/aiiy ia?aai?o iiaeaeae i?ae /an ?o iiaoaeiae. Iaaeaii i?eeeaaee
aeei?enoaiiy cai?iiiiiaaiiai iaoiaeo aeey iiaoaeiae iiaeaeae ii
noaoenoe/iei aeaiei a caaea/ao iiaeaethaaiiy aiaeiainiiaea?nueeeo
nenoai.

A ca’yceo c iayai?noth noioanoe/ieo oa iaeiio?ieueiaaieo eiia??ieo
neeaaeiaeo i?e iiaeaethaaii? a?ae?ieia?/ieo i?ioean?a a aiaeinoiaeuao
(i?iaiice noieo, iiaae?a, aeia?iaoaaiiy, aiaeiaeei?enoaiiy oiui) aeieea?
iio?aaa a ?ino?oiaioa???, yeee aea? ciiao aeyaeoe ooieoe?iiaeueio
caeaaei?noue ae??oaeueieo ci?iieo a?ae iacaeaaeieo ii aeai?oe?
noaoenoe/ieo aeaieo. I?e oeueiio aeieea? caaea/a aecia/aiiy oeio iiaeae?
oa ioe?ithaaiiy ?? ia?aiao??a ii aeaiei ianeaiiai aenia?eiaioo iaae
ia’?eoii.

Oi?iaeueii iinoaiiaea oaei? caaea/? ia? ianooiiee aeaeyae. Caaeaia NxM
iao?eoey X niinoa?aaeaiue ao?aeii? ci?iii? wmetafile8?
??U???????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? aa???&??yyyy?????Ay?y ” ???&? ?MathType??
????u?th?????? wmetafile8?
??3??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
???????  a???&??yyyy?????Ay¤y Ae ???&?
?MathType???????u?th??????aea wmetafile8? ??????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? 
????&??yyyy?????Ay¤y@Ae ???&? ?MathType???????u y??????
Caaea/a iiooeo no?oeoo?e iiaeae? noi?ioeueiaaia a ?iaio? o aeaeyae?
caaea/? iioei?caoe?? iaeiii??ii? aaaaoiaeno?aiaeueii? ooieoe??, yea
caaeaia o aoceao e?ioeaaiai ?ioa?aaeo. Aeey ?? ae??ooaaiiy aeei?enoaii
aeene?aoiee aeai?eoi aeiaaeueiiai iiooeo, iniiaaiee ia
?ioi?iaoe?eii-noaoenoe/iiio Aae?nianueeiio i?aeoiae?. Aeei?enoaiiy
iioei?caoe?eiiai iaoiaeo aeicaieeei cia/ii nei?ioeoe e?euee?noue
?oa?aoe?e ?, oei naiei, ciaioeoe /an ae??ooaaiiy caaea/ no?oeoo?ii?
?aeaioeo?eaoe?? iiaeae?, a ii??aiyii? c a?aeiieie aei oeueiai
niiniaaie.

Cai?iiiiiaaiee iaoiae ?aae?ciaaii o aeaeyae? eiii’thoa?ii? i?ia?aie, ca
aeiiiiiaith yei? aeeiiaii ?yae /enaeueieo aenia?eiaio?a aeey ioe?iee
aoaeoeaiino? ?iaioe aeai?eoio. ?acoeueoaoe oeeo aenia?eiaio?a
i?aaenoaaeaii a oaaeeoe? 1, c yei? aeaeii, ui e?euee?noue ?oa?aoe?e,
aeo?a/aieo ?ic?iaeaiei aeai?eoiii, caaaeaee iaio, i?ae e?euee?noue
e?ie?a, iaiao?aeieo aeey iiaiiai ia?aai?o an?o no?oeoo?, i?e/iio oeae
aea?ao ??cei c?inoa? i?e ca?eueoaii? e?eueeino? inoaii?o. Oea aeaco? ia
aeioe?euei?noue aeei?enoaiiy oeiai iaoiaea aeey iiaoaeiae iiaeaeae ii
noaoenoe/iei aeaiei aeey caaea/ aaeeei? ?ici??iino?.

?icaeyiooa iaoiaeeea oa i?ia?aiia caaacia/aiiy aeei?enoaii aeey
iiaoaeiae iiaeaeae caeaaeiino? ia’?i?a aiaeinoiaeu Aei?i?ianueeiai
eaneaaeo a?ae ??ai?e aiaee o ieo.

Oaaeeoey 1.

?acoeueoaoe ia/enethaaeueieo aenia?eiaio?a aeey ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino?
?iaioe aeai?eoio.

? caaea/?E?euee?noue ci?iieoNooi?iue iie?iiioE?euee?noue
oi/ieE?euee?noue /eai?a iiaiiai iie?iiioIiaiee ia?aai?C??caiee
ia?aai?113124168222126321232348105121474244815163841632 O?ao?e ?icae?e
i?enay/aii aeei?enoaiith iaoiae?a aaaaoie?eoa??aeueii? iioei?caoe?? aeey
iiooeo ?aaeei?a aenieoaoaoe?? aiaeinoiaeu. Caaea/a (1-3), a caaaeueiiio
aeiaaeeo, ? aaaaoie?eoa??aeueiith. A ?icae?e? c?iaeaia iinoaiiaea
caaea/? aaeoi?ii? iioei?caoe?? aeey eaneaaeo aiaeinoiaeu oa aeeiiaii
aiae?c iiaeeeaino? aeei?enoaiiy a?aeiieo iaoiae?a aeey ?? ae??ooaaiiy.

Aeey iiooeo ?aaeei?a aenieoaoaoe?? aiaeinoiaeu cai?iiiiiaaii oa
?ic?iaeaii ae?aeiaiaee oaeaeeee iaoiae aeyaeaiiy aenia?oieo ia?aaaa.
Aieiaia i?ecia/aiiy iaoiaeo iieyaa? a /anoeiai? aaoiiaoecaoe?? iiooeo
iaee?auiai ??oaiiy eiie?aoii? Iniae yea I?eeia? ??oaiiy (II?), c
aeyaeaiiyi oa o?aooaaiiyi ?? nenoaie ia?aaaa. A i?ioean? iiooeo aeey II?
iaia? iio?aae ii??aithaaoe i?ae niaith aeueoa?iaoeae ii aaaaoueio
e?eoa??yo, ui onoaa? o?oaeiiu? ineoieia?/iiai oa?aeoa?o. Iaoiae
a?aeiineoueny aei eeano aaeaioeaieo iaoiae?a, a yeeo ia?aaaae aenia?oa
ooi/iththoueny a i?ioean? ??oaiiy caaea/? a ?ioa?aeoeaiiio ?aaeei?. A?i
aeicaiey? ooi/ithaaoe nenoaio ia?aaaa II? ia iniia? aiae?co , yeee aiia
aeeiio?, ?, oei naiei, nei?i/oaaoe i?aeiiiaeeio ia?niaeoeaieo
aeueoa?iaoea, aae aei aeae?eaiiy iaee?auiai ??oaiiy. Caaaeueia noaia
eiai ?iaioe iieyaa? a oiio ui a i?inoi?? e?eoa???a wmetafile8?
??°???????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? a`???&??yyyy?????Ay?y ” ???&? ?MathType??
????u?th??????wmetafile8? ??E???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? @
???&??yyyy?????Ay?yao ???&? ?MathType??P????u?th??????aea
wmetafile8? ??U????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
a ???&??yyyy?????Ay?y`” ???&? ?MathType?? ????u?th??????
?ic?iaeaii aeai?eoi oa eiii’thoa?ia ?aae?caoe?y iaoiaea. Aoaeoeai?noue
aeei?enoaiiy cai?iiiiiaaiiai aeai?eoio i?iaeaiiino?iaaii ia oanoiaiio
i?eeeaae?.

A /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? ?icaeyiooi aeei?enoaiiy ?ic?iaeaieo iaoiae?a aeey
ae??ooaaiiy caaea/? iiaeaethaaiiy eaneaaeo Aei?i?ianueeeo aiaeinoiaeu c
iaoith ?o iioei?caoe?? ii aiaeiainiiaea?nueeei oa aeieia?/iei e?eoa??yi.
Iaaeaia oa?aeoa?enoeea Aei?i?ianueeiai eaneaaeo aiaeinoiaeu, niaoeeo?ea
iinoaiiaee caaea/ iiaeaethaaiiy aeey iueiai.

Aei?i?ianueeee eaneaae aiaeinoiaeu aeeth/a? a naaa o?noue aiaeinoiaeu,
?ieue yeeo iaiaeiaeiaa. O?e aiaeinoiaeua: Ee?anueea, E?aiai/ooeueea ?
Eaoianueea aeei?enoiaothoueny aeey naciiiiai ?aaoethaaiiy, a ?io? — aeey
aeiaiaiai. Iaea?eueoo ?aaoethth/o caeaoi?noue aeey naciiiiai
?aaoethaaiiy iathoue E?aiai/ooeueea oa Eaoianueea aiaeinoiaeua, oiio
?aaeei ?iaioe eaneaaeo a oe?eiio, aieiaiei /eiii, aecia/a?oueny
?aaeeiaie ?o ?iaioe.

Ia i?aeoeoe?, a ca’yceo c a?aenooi?noth eiino?oeoeaieo iaoiae?a
iienoaaiiy ooieoe?e, ye? aoiaeyoue aei iiaeae? (1-3), aeiaiaeeoueny
iia?oaaoe c na?aaeia?ioa?aaeueieie cia/aiiyie ae??oaeueieo ci?iieo. Oiio
eiie?aoi? iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae?, ye? iienothoue ooieoe?iioaaiiy
aei?i?ianueeiai eaneaaeo aiaeinoiaeu aeioe?eueii aoaeoaaoe, nie?ath/enue
naia ia oe? oa?aeoa?enoeee.

Iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue iiooeo ?aaeei?a eiaeiiai c aiaeinoiaeu
Aei?i?ianueeiai eaneaaeo c aeei?enoaiiyi oeeo ci?iieo aeaeyaea?
ianooiiei /eiii:

wmetafile8? ??????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
A ???&??yyyy?????AyAy`? ???&?
?MathType??°????u?th??????wmetafile8? ??8????? ????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????  A? ???&?
?MathType??@??????????????MathTy?e??°????u?th??????wmetafile8?
??wmetafile8? ??O???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
@`???&??yyyy?????Ay?y o ???&? ?MathType??P????u?th??????
wmetafile8?
????????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? @????&??yyyy?????Ay?y@o ???&?
?MathType??P????u?th??????wmetafile8? ?????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
@????&??yyyy?????Ay?yAo ???&?
?MathType??P????u?th??????wmetafile8? ??????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
@????&??yyyy?????Ay?yAo ???&?
?MathType??P????u?th??????aea wmetafile8? ???????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
  ???&??yyyy?????AyAy`` ???&? ?MathType?? ????u?th??????
Iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue (5) oyaey? niaith caaea/o iaoaiaoe/iiai
i?ia?aioaaiiy, a caaaeueiiio aeiaaeeo, c aeae?eueeiia iae?i?eieie
oe?eueiaeie ooieoe?yie (aaaaoie?eoa??aeueio) ? e?i?eieie iaiaaeaiiyie o
aeaeyae? ??aiinoae oa ia??aiinoae. Iniaeeainoyie oe??? caaea/?, ye?
aieeaathoue ia aea?? aeai?eoio ?? ae??ooaaiiy, ? iae?i?ei?noue
oe?eueiai? ooieoe?? i?e e?i?eieo iaiaaeaiiyo, iayai?noue
iaiaaeaiue-ia??aiinoae, a?aeiinii aaeeea ?ici??i?noue i?inoi?o
iacaeaaeieo ci?iieo oa aaeeea caaaeueia e?euee?noue iaiaaeaiue. A
ca’yceo c oeei, aei aeai?eoio noaaeyoueny i?aeaeuai? aeiiae aei
aeei?enoaiiy iai’yo? eiii’thoa?a oa oaeaeeiae??. Aeai? iniaeeaino?
coiiaeee aeei?enoaiiy aeey ??oaiiy caaea/? iaoiaea c a?oie
“aeoeaiiai iaai?o”, iaee?au?i /eiii i?enoiniaaiiai aei niaoeeo?ee ??
iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae?. A oeeo iaoiaeao /anoeia iacaeaaeieo ci?iieo
ca’yco?oueny iaiaaeaiiyie c ?ioeie, ui ciaioo? ?ici??i?noue caaea/?.

?ioith iniaeea?noth iiaeae? (4) ? iayai?noue aeaio a?oi
iaiaaeaiue-ia??aiinoae (ia aeo?aoe wmetafile8? ???????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
 @???&??yyyy?????Ay ??A ???&? ?MathType??P????u?th??????
I?iaeaiiino?iaaii aeei?enoaiiy iaoiae?a “aeoeaiiai iaai?o” oa
ocaiaeaeaiiy iaeanoae i?eionoeieo ??oaiue a caaea/? iiooeo ?aaeei?a
aenieoaoaoe?? Aei?i?ianueeiai eaneaaeo aiaeinoiaeu. Iienai? iniaeeaino?
i?ia?aiii? ?aae?caoe?? cai?iiiiiaaieo aeai?eoi?a oa ?acoeueoaoe
aeei?enoaiiy iioei?caoe?eii? iiaeae? aeey iiooeo ?aaeei?a aenieoaoaoe??
aei?i?ianueeiai eaneaaeo aiaeinoiaeu.

C iaoith aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao no?aoaa?? ea?oaaiiy Aei?i?ianueeei
eaneaaeii ia ai?no caa?oaeithaa/?a o aiaeinoiaeuao, ca aeiiiiiaith
?ic?iaeaieo cania?a, aoei aeeiiaii /enaeuei? aenia?eiaioe, ?acoeueoaoe
yeeo i?aaenoaaeaii a aeaa?. Cie?aia a oiae? aenia?eiaio?a
i?iaeaiiino?iaaii iiaeeea?noue aoaeoeaii? iioei?caoe?? ?aaeei?a
aenieoaoaoe?? E?aiai/ooeueeiai aiaeinoiaeua ii aiaeiainiiaea?nueeiio
e?eoa??th 3, a oaeiae iaiao?aei?noue aeei?enoaiiy aeai?eoio
aaaaoie?eoa??aeueii? iioei?caoe??, cai?iiiiiaaiiai a ?iaio?. Iaea?eueo
aaaeeeaei aoei iiaeaethaaiiy ?aaeei?a, ye? iaeneiaeueii iaaaoeaii e
iaeneiaeueii iiceoeaii aieeaathoue ia ai?no a aiae? aiaeinoiaeu
no?iioe?th-90, yeee cieaa?oueny aaniyieie iiaaiyie ??cii? caaacia/aiino?
c ciie, yea i?eeyaa? aei *AAN (e?eoa??e 5). ?acoeueoaoe iiaeaethaaiiy
cia?aaeai? ia ?en.1-2. E?eaa 1 iaea?aeaia i?e i?i?i?caoe?? e?eoa??th 5,
a e?eaa 2 — i?e eiai iaenei?caoe??. Iaaeai? a?ao?ee aeaiiino?othoue
iiaeeea?noue cieaeaiiy ai?noo caa?oaeithaa/a a ??aee?e oac? i?aaeaiieo
aiaeinoiaeu eaneaaeo i?ae /an iiaaiae na?aaeiuei? oa iecueei?
caaacia/aiino? ca ?aooiie aeei?enoaiiy a??ii? no?aoaa?? ea?oaaiiy.

wmetafile8? ??»?????????? ???????yyy????????????
i???

???/???????????????????????????????AAA?AUeA?¦E?????????????????
????????y? `yyA aa`??y????AAAy?IyiyyayaY????en 1. Ci?ia
eiioeaio?aoe?? o aiae? no?iioe?th-90 a E?aiai/ooeueeiio aiaeinoiaeu? a
caeaaeiino? a?ae iai?yieo iioei?caoe?? e?eoa??th 5 i?e ??ci?e
caaacia/aiino?.

wmetafile8? ??Ae?? ???????? ???????yyy????????????
i???

???/???????????????????????????????AAA?AUeA?¦E?????????????????
????????y? `yyA aa`??y????AAAy?IyiyyayaY????en 2. Ci?ia
eiioeaio?aoe?? o aiae? no?iioe?th-90 a Eaoianueeiio aiaeinoiaeu? a
caeaaeiino? a?ae iai?yieo iioei?caoe?? e?eoa??th 5 i?e ??ci?e
caaacia/aiino?.

Iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe iiaeaethaaiiy na?ae/aoue i?i aeioe?euei?noue
canoinoaaiiy ii?aoeueiaaii? iioei?caoe?eii? iiaeae? aeey ?ica’ycoaaiiy
i?aeoe/ieo caaea/ iiooeo ?aaeei?a aenieoaoaoe?? eaneaae?a aiaeinoiaeu
i?e ni?eueiiio aeei?enoaii? aiaeiainiiaea?nueeeo oa aeieia?/ieo
e?eoa???a.

A caeeth/aii? oi?ioeththoueny aieiai? aeniiaee ?iaioe, ?? iaoeiaa
iiaecia.

AENIIAEE

1? Ia iniia? no/anieo oai?aoe/ieo oyaeaiue ? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo
i?i iniaeeaino? o?ainii?oo caa?oaeithaa/?a /a?ac aiaeinoiaeua i?iaaaeaii
iaa?oiooaaiiy iaiao?aeiino? iiaoaeiae iioei?caoe?eii? iiaeae? iiooeo
?aaeei?a aenieoaoaoe?? aiaeinoiaeu c o?aooaaiiyi aeieia?/ieo e?eoa???a.

2? Aeeiiaii iaoaiaoe/io iinoaiiaeo caaea/? iiaeaethaaiiy ?aaeei?a
aenieoaoaoe?? eaneaaeo aiaeinoiaeu c o?aooaaiiyi aeieia?/ieo e?eoa???a
oa aeae?eaii iniiai? aoaie ?? ae??oaiiy.

3? ?ic?iaeaii oa i?ia?aiii ?aae?ciaaii aaaaoie?eoa??aeueio
iioei?caoe?eio iiaeaeue iiooeo ?aaeei?a aenieoaoaoe?? eaneaaeo
aiaeinoiaeu c o?aooaaiiyi ocaiaeaeaiiy iaeanoae i?eionoeieo ??oaiue.

4? Cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiaeeeo oa ?ic?iaeaii aeai?eoi iiaoaeiae iiaeaeae
aeey aiaeiainiiaea?nueeeo nenoai ii noaoenoe/iei aeaiei ca aeiiiiiaith
iioei?caoe?eiiai iaoiaea.

5? Cai?iiiiiaaii oaeaeeo i?ioeaaeo?o aeyaeaiiy aenia?oieo ia?aaaa i?e
iiooeo ??oaiiy noi?ioeueiaaii? caaea/? c? ni?eueiei aeei?enoaiiyi
aiaeiainiiaea?nueeeo oa aeieia?/ieo e?eoa???a.

6? I?iaaaeaii aaeaioaoe?th iiaeae? aeey Aei?i?ianueeiai eaneaaeo
aiaeinoiaeu ? ae??oaia i?aeoe/ia caaea/a iiooeo ?aaeei?a aenieoaoaoe??
eaneaaeo ii aiaeiainiiaea?nueeei oa aeieia?/iei e?eoa??yi a oiiaao
neeueiiai caa?oaeiaiiy iaaeieeoiueiai i?inoi?o ?aae?iioee?aeaie i?ney
*i?iiaeeuenei? aaa???.

7? Aeiaaaeaia iiaeeea?noue cieaeaiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? caa?oaeithaa/a a
??aee?e oac? i?aaeaiieo aiaeinoiaeu eaneaaeo i?ae /an iiaaiae
na?aaeiuei? oa iecueei? caaacia/aiino? ca ?aooiie aeei?enoaiiy
i?aaeeueii? no?aoaa?? ea?oaaiiy.

8? Iiaeaeue ?aae?ciaaii o i?ia?aiiiio eiiieaen?, ai?iaaaeaeaiiio a
Aea?aeeii?oao? Oe?a?ie ii aiaeiiio ainiiaea?noao, a oaeiae aiia
aeei?enoiao?oueny eiaeiee ??e i?e aeeiiaii? i?iaiico eiioeaio?aoe??
?aae?iioee?ae?a a eaneaae? Aei?i?ianueeeo aiaeinoiaeu i?ae /an aaniyieo
iiaaiae.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

1? Aieiaaiia E.I. Iioeiecaoeeiiiay iiaeaeue iienea ?aaeeiia
yenieoaoaoeee aiaeio?aieeeu n o/aoii yeieiae/aneeo e?eoa?eaa aeey
aeiai?ianeiai eaneaaea // Iaoaiaoe/aneea iaoeiu e nenoaiu.-1998. — ?2,
N.62-71.

2? Golovanov, V.P. Sizonenko, M.J. Zheleznyak. Modelling Strategies of
Water Reservoir Management under Impact of Accidental Radioactive
Contamination // Proc. International Conf. on Aspects of Conflicts in
Reservoir Development & Management. — London (United Kingdom),- 1996. —
P. 433-442.

3? Zheleznyak M., Kuzmenko Yu., Tkalich P., Dzuba N., Gofman D.,
Golovanov I., Marinets A., Mezhueva I. Modelling of Radionuclides
Transport in the Set of River Reservoirs //A. Peters et al.( eds.) ,
Computational Methods in Water Resources X, vol. 2, Kluwer Academic
Publishers Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 1994, P. 1189 — 1196.

4? Iiiiia?aiei A.N., Eocueiaiei TH.E., Aieiaaiia E.I.
Iiiaie?eoa?eaeueiia ieaie?iaaiea ?aaeeiia i?iionea aunieiai iieiaiaeuey
(ia i?eia?a ?.Aeiai?) // Aaoiiaoeea.-1987.- ?3.- N.24-29.

5? Iiiiia?aiei A.N. Aieiaaiia E.I. Iiene i?aaeii/oeoaeueiiai ?aoaiey a
caaea/ao iiiaie?eoa?eaeueiie iioeiecaoeee ia iniiaa aeeaeiaiaiai iaoiaea
// Aaoiiaoeea.- 1986.-?1.- N. 53-60.

6? Aieiaaiia E.I., Iiiiia?aiei A.N., Eocueiaiei TH.E. Iioeiecaoeeiiiue
iaoiae nie?auaiey ia?aai?a iiaeaeae a eiiaeiaoi?iuo aeai?eoiao IAOA //
Aaoiiaoeea. -1983. — ?3.- C. 12 — 17.

7? Oeethe E.O., E?anieoneee N.I., Iaoeae E.E., Iiiiia?aiei A.N.,
Aieiaaiia E.I., Iiieia I.A. Iiiaie?eoa?eaeueiay caaea/a ?aoeeiiaeueiiai
ieaie?iaaiey eiiieaeniiai eniieueciaaiey aiaeiuo ?ano?nia aannaeiia ?ae
(ia i?eia?a ?. Aeiai?) // Aaoiiaoeea.- 1982.- ?3.-C. 47-55.

AIIOAOe?ss

Aieiaaiia ?.I. Iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaethaaiiy ?aaeei?a aenieoaoaoe??
aiaeinoiaeu c iaoith ?o iioei?caoe?? ii aiaeiainiiaea?nueeei oa
aeieia?/iei e?eoa??yi.-?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 01.05.02 — iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaethaaiiy oa
ia/enethaaeuei? iaoiaee. — ?inoeooo i?iaeai iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoei ? nenoai
Iaoe?iiaeueii? Aeaaeai?? iaoe Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1998.

Aeeiiaii iaa?oiooaaiiy oa noai?aia iaoaiaoe/ia iioei?caoe?eia iiaeaeue
iiooeo ?aaeei?a aenieoaoaoe?? eaneaaeo aiaeinoiaeu ii
aiaeiainiiaea?nueeei oa aeieia?/iei e?eoa??yi, yea aaco?oueny ia
no/ani?e iaoiaeieia?? aaaaoie?eoa??aeueii? iioei?caoe?? oa eaia?ieo
iiaeaeyo o?ainii?oo caa?oaeithaa/?a o aiaeieieuao. Iiaeaeue
aeei?enoiao?oueny aeey ?ic?aooie?a ?aaeei?a ?iaio? Aei?i?ianueeiai
eaneaaeo aiaeinoiaeu a oiiaao caa?oaeiaiiy aiaee ?aae?iioee?aeaie a
?acoeueoao? *i?iiaeeuenueei? aaa???.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue, iioei?caoe?y, ia/enethaaeuei?
iaoiaee, eaneaae aiaeinoiaeu, ?aaeeie aenieoaoaoe??, aeieia?/i?
e?eoa???, aaaaoie?eoa??aeueia iioei?caoe?y, aiaeiainiiaea?nuee? nenoaie,
caa?oaeiaiiy aiaeinoiaeu, *i?iiaeeuenueea aaa??y.

AIIIOAOeEss

Aieiaaiia E.I. Iaoaiaoe/aneia iiaeaee?iaaiea ?aaeeiia yenieoaoaoeee
aiaeio?aieeeu n oeaeueth eo iioeiecaoeee ii aiaeioicyenoaaiiui e
yeieiae/aneei e?eoa?eyi.-?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 01.05.02 — iaoaiaoe/aneia iiaeaee?iaaiea e
au/eneeoaeueiua iaoiaeu.- Einoeooo i?iaeai iaoaiaoe/aneeo iaoei e nenoai
Iaoeeiiaeueiie Aeaaeaiee iaoe Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1998.

Auiieiaii iainiiaaiea e nicaeaia iaoaiaoe/aneay iioeiecaoeeiiiay
iiaeaeue iienea ?aaeeiia yenieoaoaoeee eaneaaea aiaeio?aieeeu ii
aiaeioicyenoaaiiui e yeieiae/aneei e?eoa?eyi, eioi?ay aace?oaony ia
nia?aiaiiie iaoiaeieiaee iiiaie?eoa?eaeueiie iioeiecaoeee e eaia?iuo
iiaeaeyo o?ainii?oa caa?ycieoaeae a aiaeiaiao. Iiaeaeue i?eiaiyaony
aeey ?an/aoa ?aaeeiia ?aaiou Aeiai?ianeiai eaneaaea aiaeio?aieeeu a
oneiaeyo caa?yciaiey aiaeu ?aaeeiioeeeaeaie a ?acoeueoaoa *a?iiaueueneie
aaa?ee.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: iaoaiaoe/aneay iiaeaeue, iioeiecaoeey, au/eneeoaeueiua
iaoiaeu, eaneaae aiaeio?aieeeu, ?aaeeiu aenieoaoaoeee, yeieiae/aneea
e?eoa?ee, iiiaie?eoa?eaeueiay iioeiecaoeey, aiaeioicyenoaaiiua nenoaiu,
caa?yciaiea aiaeio?aieeeu, *a?iiaueueneay aaa?ey.

SUMMARY

Golovanov I.N. Simulation of the operation modes reservoirs with the
purpose of their optimization on water use and ecological criteria. —
Manuscript.

The thesis to claim the academic degree of candidate of technical
sciences . Speciality 01.05.02- mathematical modeling and computation
methods. — Institute of the Mathematical Machines and Systems Problems
National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, 1998.

Ohe thesis gives a background and presents the mathematical model of
the optimization of the reservoirs operation modes on the basis of the
criteria of water use and water quality. There are used the modern
methods of the multicriteria optimization and the box models of water
quantity and water quality. The model is implemented for simulation of
the Dnieper reservoirs operational modes in conditions of radionuclide
contamination after the Chernobyl accident.

Key words: mathematical model, optimization, numerical methods,
reservoirs cascade, operational modes, ecological criteria,
multicriteria optimization, water use systems, reservoirs contamination,
Chernobyl accident .

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