2

I?I?NOA?NOAI INA?OE OE?A?IE

Ee?anueeee i?aeia?iaeiee oi?aa?neoao oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??

Aeue-Eo?aai Oa?ae Iooaiaae

OAeE 621.89:621.891

IANOEEUeIA AEANOEA?NOUe IANAE A E?EOE*IEO OIIAAO OA?Oss

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 05.02.04 – Oa?oy oa ciiooaaiiy a iaoeiao

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?aaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? Oaoiieia?? ?aiiioo, ae?iaieoeoaa e?oaeueieo
aia?ao?a oa aa?aoe?eiiai iaoa??aeiciaanoaa a Ee?anueeiio i?aeia?iaeiiio
oi?aa?neoao? oeea?eueii? aa?aoe?? I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Aeieo?e/aiei Ieeiea Oaaei?iae/

caa?aeoth/ee eaoaae?ith Oaoiieia?? ?aiiioo , ae?iaieoeoaa

e?oaeueieo aia?ao?a oa aa?aoe?eiiai iaoa??aeiciaanoaa

“Ee?anueeee i?aeia?iaeiee oi?aa?neoao oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??”

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

E?iae?a/oe Ie?ineaa Aaneeueiae/

Eaoaae?e iaoaeiciaanoaa , iaeaaeiaiiy
oa oaoiieia?? oa?i?/ii?

ia?iaee iaoae?a Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo

“Ee?anueeee iie?oaoi?/iee ?inoeooo”;

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Iinianueeee ?ai? Aai?a??ae/

Eaoaae?e iaoa??aeiciaanoaa, oaoiieia??
? ?aiiioo aa?aoe?eii?

oaoi?ee Oe?a?inueeiai ?inoeoooo
a?enueeiai-iia?o?yieo nee

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa :

Caii??cueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 1 ” eeiiy 1999?. i 15 aiae.

ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.062.03 i?e
Ee?anueeiio

i?aeia?iaeiiio oi?aa?neoao? oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??

Aae?ana: 252058, i. Ee?a-58, i?iniaeo Einiiiaaoa Eiia?iaa, 1

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Ee?anueeiai
i?aeia?iaeiiai

oi?aa?neoaoo oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “_28_” _o?aaiy_ 1999?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

Niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee, ae.o.i. __________________
Caii?iaeaoe I.?.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

A e o o a e ue i ? n o ue ? i a i o e: No/ani? o?eainiieo/aiiy
i?aoeththoue o aaaeeeo ianoaeeo oiiaao, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoueny aenieeie
oaeaeeinoyie a?aeiiniiai ia?ai?uaiiy ? cia/iei oa?iiiaoai?/iei
iaaaioaaeaiiyi i?e ae?? ??cieo aa?aneaieo na?aaeiaeu. Oe? oaeoi?e,
ciaoiaey/enue o neeaaeiiio aca?iica’yceo, iaaeathoue aaciina?aaeiuei
aieeaathoue ia aeieeiaiiy ca/ai?a eiioaeoieo iiaa?oiiue ye o i?ioean?
i?ei?aoeueiaoaaiiy, oae ? i?e aenieoaoaoe?? ? aaaeooue aei i?aeaeuaiiyi
ciiooaaiue, cieaeothoue iaae?ei?noue o?eaiiaoai?/ii? nenoaie ?
i?ae?aiiioi? no?iee neoaeae.

?icoe?aiiy aeine?aeaeaiue ?aaeei?a i?ei?aoeueiaoaaiiy eiioaeoieo
iiaa?oiiue, iiooe oeyo?a nei?i/aiiy ?o o?eaaeino? c iaea?eueo iiaiei
iae?eii niaoeeo?ee aenieoaoaoe?? iiaeeea? eeoa i?e aeinoaoiuei noo?aiio
? aacia?a?aiiio eiio?ie? o?eaioaoi?/ieo ia?aiao??a.

O ca’yceo c oeei c?inoathoue aeiiae aei oi/iino? ? iaae?eiino? iaoiae?a
aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ioean?a i?ei?aoeueiaoaaiiy ? i?iaiico i?aoeacaeaoiino?
o?eainiieo/aiiy o oe?ieiio ae?aiacii? oaeaeeinoae, iaaaioaaeaiue oa
oaiia?aoo?.

Iioei?caoe?y o?eaioaoi?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee o i?ioean? i?ei?aoeueiaoaaiiy
iia’ycaia ia?o ca ana c ?ic?iaeith iaoiae?a ioe?iee oeo ia?aiao??a, ye?
iaea?eueo ?ioi?iaoeai? c oi/ee ci?o aeyaeaiiy i?eoiaaieo aiiiaeueieo
yaeu, ye? i?io?eathoue ye o iiaa?oiaaiio oa?? iaoaeo, oae ? o oiieiio
ianoeeueiiio oa??.

I a o a ae e n a ? o a oe ? e i i ? ? i a i o e: Iaoa ?iaioe
iieyaaa o eiiieaeniiio aeine?aeaeaii? i?ei?aoeueiaoaaiiy
o?eainiieo/aiiy, i?ioean?a, ye? i?io?eathoue o oiieiio iiaa?oiaaiio oa??
ianoeea, oa ?ic?iaoee iaoiaeeee ioe?iee o?eaioaoi?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee a
oiiaao iiaeaethaaiiy ?iaioe coa/anoeo ia?aaea/ i?e ei/aii? c eiacaiiyi.

Aeey aeeiiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe ae??ooaaeenue oae? caaea/?:

· ioe?iea ianoeeueieo aeanoeainoae ianae, ieanoe/ieo ianoee oa
niaoe?aeueieo ??aeei, aeae?eaiiy ?o iniaeeainoae, ?aieia?/ieo
oa?aeoa?enoee, aca?iiaieeao i?io?eath/eo i?ioean?a ? ciai?oieo oaeoi??a;

· aeae?eaiiy caeiiii??iinoae ianoeeueieo i?ioean?a, ye? i?io?eathoue i?e
i?aeaeuaieo oaiia?aoo?ao, ? anoaiiaeaiiy caeiiii??iinoae ciiooaaiiy
eiioaeoieo iiaa?oiiue aeey ianoeeueieo iaoa??ae?a ??ciiai eeano;

· ioe?iea aioeo?eeoe?eieo oa i?ioeciinieo aeanoeainoae ianoeeueieo
iaoa??ae?a i?e ci?ieo cia/aiiyo iieaciee?a, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue ?aaeei
?iaioe o?eainiieo/aiiy;

· ?ic?iaea iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? e?iaoe/ii? caeiiii??iino? ci?iaiiy
o?eaioaoi?/ieo ia?aiao??a o i?ioean? i?ei?aoeueiaoaaiiy ? ioe?iee
aeiaaia?/iino? o?eainiieo/aiiy.

I a o e i a a i i a e c i a:

1) ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea ioe?iee o?eaioaoi?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee ia aac?
ia?aiao??a, ?a?no?o?ieo o i?ioean? i?ei?aoeueiaoaaiiy.

2) ?ic?iaeaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue e?iaoe/ii? caeiiii??iino? ci?iaiiy
o?eaioaoi?/ieo ia?aiao??a o i?ioean? i?ei?aoeueiaoaaiiy c iaoith
ioe?iee aeiaaia?/iino? o?eainiieo/aiiy.

3) Eiiieaenii aeine?aeaeaia e?iaoeea oi?ioaaiiy ianoeeueiiai oa?o a
oiiaao a?aie/iiai ?aaeeio ciauoaaiiy o ia??iae i?ei?aoeueiaoaaiiy c
iaa??aii oa anoaiiaeaiiyi aca?iica’yceo ci?i o?eaioaoi?/ieo iieaciee?a c
?ioaineaiinoth ciiooaaiiy aeey ianae ??ciiai eeano c i?enaaeeaie.

4) Anoaiiaeai iaoai?ci ianoeeueii? ae?? ianae, ianoee ? niaoe?aeueieo
??aeei o ia??iae ?icaeoeo i?ei?aoethth/eo i?ioean?a ia ianoaeeo ?aaeeiao
?iaioe.

Ae i n o i a ? ? i ? n o ue ? a c o e ue o a o ? a: Caaacia/aia i?e
canoinoaaii? niaoe?aeueieo iaoiae?e, aeaieie iaoaiaoe/ii? ia?iaee
?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue ia IAII ? i?aeoaa?aeaeaia aaeeeei ianyaii
aenia??iaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue.

I ? a e o e / i a oe ? i i ? n o ue:

a) ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea ioe?iee aeeiai?ee i?ei?aoethth/eo i?ioean?a ? ?o
caaa?oaiiy ia aaoiiaoeciaaiiio o?eaioaoi?/iiio eiiieaen? o ianoaeeo
?aaeeiao ?iaioe, yea iiaea aooe aeei?enoaia ia iaoeiiaoae?aaeueieo
i?aei?e?inoaao, aea i?ei?aoeueiaoaaiiy o?eainiieo/aiue neeaaea?
oaoiieia?/iee eaioetha ae?iaie/iai i?ioeano;

b) aecia/ai? e?eoa??aeuei? o?eaioaoi?/i? ia?aiao?e, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue
i?ioeciini? oa aioeo?eeoe?ei? aeanoeaino? o?eainiieo/aiue,
caeiiii??iino? no?oeoo?ieo ci?i o oiieiio iiaa?oiaaiio oa?? o i?ioean?
i?ei?aoeueiaoaaiiy, ye? iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? aeey eaai?aoi?ii?
ioe?iee yeino? i?ei?aoethth/eo i?ioean?a.

A i ? i a a oe ? y ? i a i o e: Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe
aeiiia?aeaeenue ? iaea?aeaee iiceoeaio ioe?ieo ia iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo
eiioa?aioe?yo: “XVI ? XVII ca?oia iaoeiai-oaoi?/ia eiioa?aioe?y
oi?aa?neoaoo” Ee?a, 1996-1997??.; 2nd Joint American – Eastern European
Conference: “New Materials And Technologies In Tribology” NMTT-97,
Minsk-Grodno-Warsaw, 1997.

I n i a e n o e e a i a n i e c ae i a o a a / a:

A ia?o?e ?iaio? ?icaeyiooi ia?niaeoeai? ieoaiiy aca?iica’yceo
?ioaineaiino? ciiooaaiiy oa ianoeeueieo i?ioean?a i?e a?aie/iiio
ciauoaaii? a oiiaao ianoaeiai oa?oy i?e ei/aii? c eiacaiiyi. Aecia/aii
e?iaoe/i? caeaaeiino? ?ioaineaiino? ciiooaaiiy a?ae /enea oeeee?a
ia?ia?oee, oiaueie ianoeeueiiai oa?o oa oeyoo oa?oy.

A ae?oa?e ?iaio? aeaia aenia?eiaioaeueii-oai?aoe/ia ioe?iea
?ioaineaiino? ciiooaaiiy a oiiaao ianoaeiai oa?oy. Aaoi?aie
cai?iiiiiaaii aeei?enoaiiy a yeino? e?eoa??y aoaeoeaiino? ianoeeueiiai
i?ioeano ia?aiao? ieoiii? ?iaioe oa?oy. I?iaaaeaii aenia?eiaioaeueia
aeine?aeaeaiiy oa anoaiiaeaii iniiai? e?iaoe/i? caeiiii??iino? ci?ie
ieoiii? ?iaioe oa?oy a?ae o?eaioaoi?/ieo iieaciee?a.

A o?ao?e ?iaio? iienaia onoaiiaea aeey aei??thaaiiy oiaueie ianoeeueiiai
oa?o a i?aeoeiieeao ei/aiiy ?ioa?oa?aioe?eiei iaoiaeii. Aaoi?ai
i?iaaaeaii iaa?oiooaaiiy oa c?iaeaii ?ic?aooiie ?ioa?oa?aioe?eii?
nenoaie aei??thaaiiy oiaueie ianoeeueiiai oa?o a eiioaeo? oa?oy.

A /aoaa?o?e ?iaio? ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea aenia?eiaioaeueii? ioe?iee
aoiieaii? aeiaaia?/iino? ia? oa?oy aeey ianoaeeo ?aaeei?a ?iaioe.

A i’yo?e ?iaio? iaa?oioiaaii e?eoa??aeuei? ia?aiao?e ioe?iee
i?ioeciinieo oa aioeo?eeaoe?eieo aeanoeainoae ianae.

A oino?e ?iaio? cai?iiaiiaaia iaoiaeeea i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaio?a i?e
aecia/aii? aiiiaeueieo i?ioean?a a eiioaeo? oa?oy.

I?ioeaio o/ano? Aeue-Eo?aai Oa?aea a iioae?eiaaieo ?iaioao neeaaea?:
?iaioa ?1 – 30%, ?iaioa ?2 – 30%, ?iaioa ?3 – 25%, ?iaioa ?4 – 35%,
?iaioa ?5 – 30%, ?iaioa ?6 – 50%.

N o ? o e o o ? a o a i a n y a ? i a i o e: Aeena?oaoe?eia
?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c anooio, i’yoe ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo
e?oa?aoo?e ?c 103 iaeiaioaaiue oa aeiaeaoeo. Caaaeueiee ianya ?iaioe –
164 noi??iie, o oiio /ene? 66 iaethie?a ? 10 oaaeeoeue.

CI?NO AeENA?OAOe?EII? ?IAIOE

O a n i o i ? ?ice?eoi aaaeeea?noue ia?aii? i?iaeaie, iaa?oioiaaii
aeooaeuei?noue oaie, aeacai? iniiai? iieiaeaiiy, ye? aecia/athoue
iaoeiaa oa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe.

O i a ? o ? e a e a a ? aena?oeai? ieoaiiy, iia’ycai? c
aeine?aeaeaiiyi ianoeeueii? ae?? ia ianoaeeo ?aaeeiao ?iaioe, ?icaeyiooi
oa?aeoa?enoeee i?ei?aoeueiaoaaiiy eiioaeoieo iiaa?oiiue ? c?iaeaii
aiae?c ?nioth/eo iaoiae?a ioe?iee oa e?eoa???a aoaeoeaiino? ianoeeueii?
ae??.

Aeine?aeaeaiith i?ioean?a i?ei?aoeueiaoaaiiy eiioaeoieo iiaa?oiiue
i?enay/ai? aiaaoi/enaeuei? i?aoe? oe?a?inueeeo oa caei?aeiieo aaoi??a, a
ye?o a?aeia?aaeo?oueny ??ci? aniaeoe ?icaeyaea?ii? i?iaeaie. ?acoeueoaoe
oe?o aeine?aeaeaiue aecia/eee iniiai? oaeoi?e, ye? aieeaathoue ia
i?ioean i?ei?aoeueiaoaaiiy, caniae nei?i/aiiy /ano i?ei?aoeueiaoaaiiy,
anoaiiaeee aaaeeeao ?ieue ianoeeueiiai iaoa??aeo oa i?enaaeie, ye?
aoiaeyoue aei iueiai, aeicaieeee a?eueo /?oei oyaeoe aeaye? iaoai?cie
o?ceei-iaoai?/ieo oa o?i?/ieo i?ioean?a, i?io?eath/eo ia iaae? ?icae?eo
oac.

Aeey o?eainiieo/aiue c eieaeueiith oi?iith eiioaeoa i?ioean
i?ei?aoeueiaoaaiiy i?io?ea? a oiiaao a?aie/iiai ?aae?ia ianoeea. Ioe?iea
o?eaioaoi?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee ianoeeueieo iaoa??ae?a o oe?o oiiaao
i?aaenoaaey? neeaaeio caaea/o /a?ac a?aenooi?noue iaae?eieo iaoiae?a
eiio?iey ? aecia/aiiy o?eaioaoi?/ieo ia?aiao??a a oiiaao ianoaeiai
?aaeeia oa?oy aei yeiai a?aeiineoueny i?ei?aoeueiaoaaiiy.

O ae ? o a i i o ? i c ae ? e ? ?icaeyaeathoueny ?acoeueoaoe
?ic?iaee iaoiaee/iiai oa oaoi?/iiai caaacia/aiiy aeine?aeaeaiue.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ioeano i?ei?aoeueiaoaaiiy i?iaiaeeeiny ia AOE
(aaoiiaoeciaaiiio o?eaioaoi?/iiio eiiieaen?), i?ecia/aiiio aeey
aecia/aiiy o?eaioaoi?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee ? i?ioeciinieo oa
aioeo?eeoe?eieo aeanoeainoae niieo/aiiy iaoae-ianoeea o ia??iae
i?ei?aoeueiaoaaiiy a oiiaao iiaeaeththaaiiy ?iaioe o?eainiieo/aiiy c
e?i?eiith oi?iith eiioaeoo i?e ei/aii? c eiacaiiyi.

Aeey iai?io ia?aiao?e/iith ?ioi?iaoe??th i?ae ia?aeiieie
ia?aooai?thaa/aie (aeao/eeaie), aeeiiaa/eie iaoai?ciaie ? IAII
aeei?enoiao?oueny i?ia?aio?iee eiio?iea?.

Aeai?eoi ia?iaee ia?aiao?e/ii? ?ioi?iaoe?? ?aae?ciaai o aeaeyae? ie?aieo
i?ia?aiieo iiaeoeae ? neeaaea?oueny ?c aeaio ooieoe?iiaeueii iacaeaaeieo
aoai?a. Aoai oi?ioaaiiy aace aenia?eiaioo aeeth/a? a naaa ne?aeoth/?
i?ia?aii? iiaeoe?:

1. Iiaeoeue ieaioaaiiy aenia?eiaioo.

2. Iiaeoeue c/eooaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? c aeao/ee?a, ooieoe?iio? o ?aaeueiiio
ianooaa? /ano. ?ioi?iaoe?y c aeao/ee?a aiaeiaiaeo neaiae?a (oiaueia
ianoeeueiiai oa?o, /anoioa iaa?oaiiy, oaiia?aoo?a ianoeea ? iiiaio
oa?oy) ia?aaea?oueny c caaeaiei ?ioa?aaeii /ano o iiaeoeue ia?aeiii?
ia?iaee aeaieo.

?acoeueoaoe ia?iaee ?ioi?iaoe?? caiinyoueny o aaco aeaieo aenia?eiaioo.

Ia iniia? oeeo aeaieo ? a?aeiia?aeieo cia/aiue aei??thaaeueieo eaiae?a,
aecia/aieo ii ai?ieneiiaaiei iao?ieia?/iei oa?aeoa?enoeeai, ciaoiaeei
aaee/eie aaniethoieo oa a?aeiinieo iia??oiinoae o eiaei?e ?c
a?aaeo??iaaieo oi/ae oeeo eaiae?a.

O o ? a o ue i i o ? i c ae ? e ? ?icaeyioo? iniaeeaino?
ianoeeueieo ae?e ianae, ianoee oa niaoe??aeei a oiiaao
i?ei?aoeueiaoaaiiy eiioaeoieo iiaa?oiiue i?e ianoaeeo ?aaeeiao ?iaioe.

Aeey ianea E-20A o ia/aeueiee ia??iae i?ei?aoeueiaoaaiiy oa?aeoa?ii
aaeeea eieeaaiiy ia?aiao?a A, ui na?ae/eoue i ?ioaineaii i?io?eath/eo
i?ioeanao oi?ioaaiiy aaeni?aoe?eieo ianoeeueieo no?oeoo?. C ia?oeo
oeeee?a i?ei?aoeueiaoaaiiy ianei E-20A caaacia/o? aeiaii?e?ii? oiiae
aeey ?aae?caoe?? a?ae?iaeeiai?/iiai ?aaeeio ianoeea o ae?oa?e iieiaei?
caioneo (?en.1).

?en.1 – Ci?iaiiy o?eaioaoi?/ieo iieaciee?a o i?ioean? i?ei?aoeueiaoaaiiy

(ianei E-20A): A – ?iaioa oa?oy; h – oiaueia ianoeeueiiai oa?o;

I – iiiaio oa?oy

Ia/aeueiee ia??iae i?ei?aoeueiaoaaiiy (0 < Noe < 200) aeey ianea E-40A oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ciaioaiiyi oiaueie ianoeeueiiai oa?o i?eaeecii ia 25%, oiae? ye aeey ianea E-20A o oeae ia??iae anoaiiaeaii ca?eueoaiiy oiaueie ianoeeueiiai oa?o ia 100% a?aeiinii oiaueie oa?o, cao?eniaaii? o ia?oeo caioneao. Ci?ia iiiaioo oa?oy o i?ioean? i?ei?aoeueiaoaaiiy ia? i?eaeecii iaeiaeiao ea?oeio, oiaoi a oiiaao ianoaeiai ?aaeeio i?ei?aoeueiaoaaiiy oeae ia?aiao? ia iiaea neoaeeoe iaei??th ?c o?eaioaoi?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee i?ioeano i?ei?aoeueiaoaaiiy. Ianea E-20A oa E-40A i?ney /anoeiaiai ?oeioaaiiy oaiini?aoe?eii? i?ineieee a?aeiiaeee oiaueio ianoeeueiiai oa?o ? o iiaeaeueoiio i?ioean? i?ei?aoeueiaoaaiiy oe?euei?noue oeueiai i?ioa?eo ia ii?oooaaeanue. Aeey ianea IE-8 aae aei caaa?oaiiy i?ioeano i?ei?aoeueiaoaaiiy ia? i?noea ?oeioaaiiy oaiini?aoe?iiiai i?ioa?eo ianoeeueiiai oa?o. A oiiaao i?iaiaeaeoaa?ieo aeine?ae?a ooai?eeeny naiiaaia??coth/? i?aai?/i? ie?aee (NII), ye? iathoue a?oiaoia caaa?aeaiiy (?en. 2). ?en.2 – Aeeiai?ea ?oeioaaiiy oa oi?ioaaiiy oaiini?aoe?eiiai ianoeeueiiai oa?o o i?ioean? i?ei?aoeueiaoaaiiy: 1 – E-40A; 2 – IE-8 Anoaiiaeaii, ui o i?ioean? i?ei?aoeueiaoaaiiy i?e no?aa?aaii? eiioaeoieo iiaa?oiiue aeieea? iaeiiaooaaia aeaoi?iaoe?y, yea iiaea aooe i?oaeiith aai ieanoe/iith. Aeey ioe?iee oe??? aeaoi?iaoe?? aaiaeeoueny ia?aiao? Mmin. A ia??iae ?icaeoeo iaeiiaooaaii? ieanoe/ii? aeaoi?iaoe?? a?aeaoaa?oueny ??cea ciaioaiiy /anoioe iaa?oaiiy eiioaeoieo iiaa?oiiue ? iiiaioa oa?oy o na?aaeiueiio ia 90%…95%. Anoaiiaeaia yaeua noi?iaiaeaeo? aanue ia??iae i?ei?aoeueiaoaaiiy. Anoaiiaeaii, ui i?ney ia??aiiaaaeiiai aoaio (ia?oee aoai) i?ei?aoeueiaoaaiiy ianooia? ??aiiaaaeiee (ae?oaee aoai), yeee oa?aeoa?eco?oueny aeaiia aaaeeeaeie iciaeaie: · Ca?eueoaiiyi aiie?ooaee oa ia??iaeo ci?iaiiy ia?aiao??a ? oa Mmin; · Ci?iaiiy ia?aiao??a ? oa Mmin a?aeaoaa?oueny o i?ioeoac?. Aeey neioaoe/ieo ianae o ae?aiacii? i?ei?aoeueiaoaaiiy 0 < Noe < 450 a?aeaoaa?oueny oaea ae yaeua, ye aoei anoaiiaeaii aeey i?ia?aeueieo ianae – ?oeioaaiiy ianoeeueiiai oa?o. Ii aeeiaieoe? oeueiai i?ioeano – ??ceiio ciaioaiith oiaueie a?aeiia?aea? ??cea ci?iaiiy (ciaioaiiy aai ca?eueoaiiy) ia?aiao?a A – ie iiaeaii i?eionoeoe, ui oaiini?aoe?ei? oa?e ia oeueiio aoai? iathoue iecueeo i?oei?noue ? ae??aanoo no?oeoo?o. Aeey ianea A-3A ?oeioaaiiy oaiini?aoe?eii? neeaaeiai? ianoaei i?e ia?iaiooe? Noe=11 e Noe=441. Aeey ianae 36/1 oa Shell Helix oaeeo ?oeioaaiue anoaiiaeaii ia aoei. Aaaaeaiiy iaoce o?eaae?noth 24 aiaeeie oa iiaeaeueoa i?iaeiaaeaiiy i?ei?aoeueaoaaiiy iieacaei, ui oa?aeoa? ci?iaiiy oiaueie oaiini?aoe?eii? neeaaeath/i? ianoeeueiiai oa?o ia ci?ieany ? iineoue eieeaaeueiee oa?aeoa?. ??cei ci?ieeeny ia?aiao?e oeueiai i?ioeano – ciaioeeanue /anoioa oa ca?eueoeany ia??iae ci?iaiiy oiaueie i?ney noiyiee. Aeey aiaeiuei-ae?eieaai? ??aeeie: i?e ciauoaaii? eiioaeoieo iiaa?oiiue aiaeiuei-ae?eieaaeie ??aeeiaie ia noai?ththoueny aeaaii?e?ii? oiiae aeey aeaeaaeoaaiiy iiaa?oiiue oa?oy, oi?ioaaiiy iioeiaeueiiai i?e?i?aeue?oo oa ianoeeueiiai oa?o. I?e??no oiaueie ianoeeueiiai oa?o neeaaea? 16%. Ia?aiao? ieoiii? ?iaioe oa?oy i?e ciauoaaii? ae?eieaaeie ??aeeiaie cacia? cia/ieo eieeaaiue ?, o ie?aieo aenia?eiaioao, ci?iaiiy ia?aiao?o A a?aeaoaa?oueny c aiie?ooaeith 160103 Aeae/i2 - 180103 Aeae/i2. ??no oiaueie ianoeeueiiai oa?o ia a?aeia?aaea? ?noeii? i?ioeaiciini? oa aioeo?eeoe?ei? aeanoeaino? ianoeeueiiai oa?o. Oi/y ? aoei anoaiiaeaii cieaeaiiy ia?aiao?a A oa eiai noaa?e?caoe?y ie aaaaea?ii, ui oea iia’ycaii c aii?o?caoe??th iiaa?oiaaiai oa?o ? eiai ?icioooaaiiyi ii i?e/ei? ?icaeoeo aiaeiueiai ciiooaaiiy. I?aeoaa?aeaeaiiyi neoaeeoue anoaiiaeaiiy aei e?ioey i?ei?aoeueiaoaaiiy cia/aiiy e?i?eiiai ciiooaaiiy Ee=0,68 iei, ui ? naiei aenieei cia/aiiyi ii on?o a?oiao ianoeeueieo iaoa??ae?a (?en.3). O?eaioaoi?/i? ia?aiao?e, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue noai eiioaeoo o i?ioean? i?ei?aoeueiaoaaiiy, caaeia?eueii ocaiaeaeothoueny oa ei?ae??othoue c i?ioeciinieie oa aioeo?eeoe?eieie aeanoeainoyie o?eainiieo/aiue aeey aeine?aeo?ieo a?oi ianoeeueieo iaoa??ae?a. A / a o a a ? o i i o ? i c ae ? e ? aecia/aie o?eaioaoi?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee ianoeeueieo iaoa??ae?a i?e iaa??aaii? oa ?c canoinoaaiiyi i?enaaeie. ?en. 3 - Ci?iaiiy ia/aeueii? oiaueie ianoeeueiiai oa?o hn oa ieoiii? ?iaioe oa?oy A aeey OAEOA-46 I?E o ia??iae ?icaeoeo aiaeiueiai ne?eo/aiiy Aeii?aeia ianei, ye a?aeiii, i?noeoue a?ey 1,5% n??ee. Oiio c iaoith a?eueo iiaiiai aeyaeaiiy ?ie? oaiia?aoo?iiai oaeoi?o c oeei ianeii aoee i?iaaaeai? aeine?aee, o yeeo oaiia?aoo?a (ia’?iia) ianea aeiaiaeeeanue aei 125N. Aei?iaoaaiiy i?iaiaeeeenue i?e ?iaio? c iino?eiith oaeaee?noth iaa?oaiiy ia?acoe?a ia iai?o ?aaeeiao iaa??aaiiy. I?e iaa??aaii? o ?aaeei? 2 aeieeiaiiy NII niinoa??aaeinue i?e oaiia?aoo?? 70N…75N. Ii/eiay c oaiia?aoo?e 90N…100N, ii/eiaeinue ciaioaiiy h i?e oeueiio ca?eueooaaany eiao?oe??io oa?oy. Aei oaiia?aoo?e 100N oiaueia h oa eiao?oe??io caeeoaeeny iino?eieie. Caa?aaeaiiy iino?eii? oiaueie oa?o ianoeea oa eiao?oe??ioa oa?oy i?e iaaaaeithaaii? oiia oa?oy (ca?eueoaiiy oaiia?aoo?e) oa?aeoa?ii aeey oa?oy NII aac i?ioa?eo ianea ? iiynith?oueny ?o cae?ai?noth aei naii?aaoethaaiiy. Aea c oaiia?aoo?e ianea 120N ii/eiaeiny ?oeioaaiiy ianoeeueiiai oa?o, yea i?eaiaeeei aei i?aeaeuaiiy f ? noiiethaaiiy, /iai i?e iia?eueiiio iaa??aaii? ia a?aeaoaaeiny. Ia?aiao?e, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue aoaeoeai?noue ianoeeueii? ae?? ianae i?e ??cieo oaeaeeinoyo iaa??aaiiy oa ??cieo ?aaeeiao ?iaioe, i?eaaaeai? a oaae. 1. 12 Oaaeeoey 1 O?eaioaoi?/i? ia?aiao?e, oa?aeoa?ecoth/? aoaeoeai?noue ianoeeueii? ae?? ianae i?e ??cieo oaeaeeinoyo iaa??aaiiy ? ?aaeeiao i?ei?aoeueiaoaaiiy Ia?aiao?A?ii?aeia ianeiNoi?o NI-9Ianei IE-8Ianei IN-20Noaeee ?aaeei?aaeei ione- coieiieNoaeee ?aaeei?aaeei ione- coieiieNoaeee ?aaeei?aaeei ione- coieiieNoaeee ?aaeei?aaeei ione- coieiie?aaeei 1?aaeei 2?aaeei 1?aaeei 2?aaeei 1?aaeei 2?aaeei 1?aaeei 2?aaeei 1?aaeei 2?aaeei 1?aaeei 2?aaeei 1?aaeei 2?aaeei 1?aaeei 2 1, iei 10 5 15 5 10 5 20 10 25 5 20 5 45 10 25 10 2, iei 30 10 30 25 60 10 30 20 25 15 25 10 30 30 30 35 t1,N 30 45 35 50 30 45 40 70 40 45 45 50 40 70 65 80 t2, C 60 95 65 120 90 95 100 120 70 110 65 95 95 100 75 100 hmin, iei 0,29 0,21 1,25 1,21 0,18 0,18 0,94 0,71 0,29 0,18 0,21 0,18 0,82 0,53 0,94 0,71 hono, iei 2,0 2,12 1,59 1,65 1,29 1,71 1,94 2,0 0,65 0,41 0,29 0,24 0,88 0,76 1,0 0,65 Ee, iei 0,37 0,4 0,42 0,49 0,53 0,57 0,58 0,61 0,68 0,71 0,77 0,79 0,48 0,49 0,51 0,59 20 Iaie aoei aeine?aeaeaii aieea i?enaaeie YO-357 oa YO-262 ia i?ioean i?ei?aoeueiaoaaiiy noaeaaeo ?ie?e?a (noaeue 45, HRC 28-32), Ra=0,35 iei. A yeino? aaciaiai ianea aeey i?ei?aoeueiaoaaiiy aeei?enoiaoaaeinue ianei E-20A, a yea aaciina?aaeiuei ia?aae aei?iaoaaiiyi aaiaeeeanue noi?o c i?enaaeie o oaeiio i?ioeaioiiio ni?aa?aeiioai?: 1. 7% YO-357 ? 0,5% YO-262; 2. 7% YO-357 ? 1,0% YO-262; 3. 7% YO-357 ? 1,5% YO-262. Iiiaioii cae?i/aiiy i?ei?aoeueiaoaaiiy aaaaeaeinue ooai?aiiy noaa?eueiiai ianoeeueiiai oa?o. A iao?o aenia?eiaioao iino?eia oiaueia ianoeeueiiai oa?o o ?acoeueoao? i?ei?aoeueiaoaaiiy anoaiiaethaaeanue i?e aeei?enoaii? ianea E-20A aac i?enaaeie /a?ac 270 oa. I?e aeiiiiic? i?io?eia?aoo aecia/eee ci?iaiiy ia?aiao?a oi?noeino? Ra iiaa?oiiue oa?oy /a?ac 30, 60, 180 oa 300 oa. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue iaaaaeai? o oaae. 2. Oaaeeoey 2 Ci?iaiiy ia?aiao?a oi?noeino? Ra o i?ioean? i?ei?aoeueiaoaaiiy *an i?ei?aoeueiaoaaiiy, oaee.Ra, iei i?e eiioeaio?aoe?? i?enaaeie7% YO357 + 0,5% YO2627% YO357 + 1,0% YO2627% YO357 + 1,5% YO262300,1230,0460,029600,0950,0510,0551800,0630,0640,1233000,0610,0690, 169 I?eaaaeai? aeai? iieacothoue, ui i?e ca?eueoai? eiioeaio?aoe?? i?enaaeie YO262 aei 1% aeaeaaeaeoaaiiy iiaa?oiiue oa?oy iii?oii i?enei?th?oueny, aea iaai?? i?eaiaeeoue aei c?inoaiiy oi?noeino? iiaa?oiiue oa?oy o i?ioean? iiaeaeueoi? ?iaioe. Iioeiaeueiei aeey i?ei?aoeueiaoaaiiy o ?aaeei? ione?a oa coieiie ? oo?eioaaiiy 1% i?enaaeee YO262 o aaciaiio iane? ni?eueii c 7% i?enaaeee YO357, oae ye i?e oeueiio i?ney 30 oa. ?iaioe iii?oiiai iia??oaiiy yeino? iiaa?oiiue oa?oy ia a?aeaoaaeiny. O i ‘ y o i i o ? i c ae ? e o iaaea?oueny iaoai?ci ci?ie oi?i aaeni?aoe?? a?aie/ieo ianoeeueieo oa??a oa iaoaiaoe/iee iien oa?aeoa?enoee ciiooaaiiy eiioaeoieo iiaa?oiiue. sse i?eaaoi? iiene iiaeaeae aeei?enoiaothoueny ocaaaeueiai? iie?iiie a?ae aeae?eueeio iacaeaaeieo ci?ieo, iiaeaieo o aeaeyae? e?i?eieo a?aeiinii aecia/aieo eiao?oe??io?a eii?aeeiaoieo ooieoe?e. Aeey ioe?iee ia?aiao??a iiaeaeae aeei?enoiao?oueny iaoiae iaeiaioeo eaaae?ao?a, o ?aieao yeiai caaea/a o iaoaiaoe/i?e iinoaiiaoe? caieoaoueny o aeaeyae?: picscalex100010009000003440200000200150000000000050000000902000000000400 000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500 00000b0200000000050000000c02c004c0171200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000 0000c0ffffffbfffffff801700007f0400000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065 0000000110000000fb02e2fdf000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002 040000002d01000008000000320abf02460601000000280010000000fb02e2fdf0000000 00009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01010004000000f0010000 08000000320abf02e80d01000000290010000000fb02e2fdf00000000000900100000002 0002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01000004000000f001010008000000320abf02 6b0401000000280010000000fb02e2fdf000000000009001000000020002001053796d62 6f6c0002040000002d01010004000000f001000008000000320abf02f910010000002900 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02d01010004000000f001000009000000320ad004ad0d010000003d00c10010000000fb0 200fe0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d010000040 00000f001010009000000320a39035e0d01000000e500660115000000fb02a0fe0000000 00000900100000000000200004e5454696d65732f437972696c6c69630000040000002d0 1010004000000f001000009000000320ad0047e0e010000003100b0000a00000026060f0 00a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022 253797374656d00cc040000002d01000004000000f001010003000000000000000000000 000000000000000000000 aj – iaa?aeii? eiao?oe??ioe; fpj(x,y,…,t) – eii?aeeiaoi? ooieoe??; j=1,m; m – /enei eii?aeeiaoieo ooieoe?e; xi, yi, …, ti, fi – ii/aoeia? ia?aiao?e ? cia/aiiy aeo?aeiiai iieacieea a ?-e oi/oe?, i=1,n; fpi=fp(xi, yi, …, ti) – ?ic?aooieiaa cia/aiiy aeo?aeiiai iieacieea a ?-e oi/oe?, n – /enei oi/ae; x, y, …, t – iacaeaaei? ci?ii?. Noia eaaae?ao?a S oyaey? niaith eaaae?aoe/iee aaaaoi/eai a?aeiinii ia?aiao?a aj, yeee aeinyaa? i?i?ioio i?e oaeeo cia/aiiyo iacaeaaeieo ci?iieo, i?e yeeo iaa?oathoueny o ioeue on? ia?o? i?eaaoi? iio?aei?: brdrr0100090000031902000003001500000000000500000009020000000004000000020 10100050000000102ffffff00040000002e01180005000000310201000000050000000b0 200000000050000000c02400520121200000026060f001a00ffffffff000010000000c0f fffffb3ffffffe0110000f30400000b00000026060f000c004d617468547970650000200 109000000fa02000010000000000000002200040000002d0100000500000014029402400 00500000013029402c70215000000fb0260fe000000000000900100000000000200004e5 454696d65732f437972696c6c69630000040000002d0101000a000000320af501b800020 000006453d000e4000a000000320a43046000020000006461d000b60015000000fb02a0f e000000000000900100000000000200004e5454696d65732f437972696c6c69630000040 000002d01020004000000f001010009000000320aab042c02010000006a0060000900000 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1000000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01010004000000f00100000800000 0320a2003fe1401000000290010000000fb0260fe0000000000009001000000020002001 053796d626f6c0002040000002d01000004000000f001010009000000320a00033e00010 000004400fe0015000000fb02a0fe000000000000900100000000000200004e5454696d6 5732f437972696c6c69630000040000002d01010004000000f001000009000000320a680 37401010000006900600009000000320a6803d104010000006900600009000000320a680 36a0a010000006a00600009000000320a68039e0b010000006a00600009000000320a680 3b20d010000006900600009000000320a6803fc0f010000006900600009000000320a680 36214010000006900600009000000320ad0046e07010000006a00600009000000320a600 1c507010000006d00140115000000fb0260fe000000000000900100000000000200004e5 454696d65732f437972696c6c69630000040000002d01000004000000f00101000900000 0320a000332040100000066008c0009000000320a00036e09010000006100b6000900000 0320a0003e50a0100000066008c0009000000320a0003c10c010000007800d0000900000 0320a00030b0f010000007900d00009000000320a0003bd1301000000740072001000000 0fb0260fe0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01010 004000000f001000009000000320a0003a502010000003d00e40009000000320a0003e50 5010000002d00e40010000000fb02a0fe0000000000009001000000020002001053796d6 26f6c0002040000002d01000004000000f001010009000000320ad004e607010000003d0 0c10010000000fb0200fe0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002040 000002d01010004000000f001000009000000320a3903970701000000e50066011500000 0fb0260fe000000000000900100000000000200004e5454696d65732f437972696c6c696 30000040000002d01000004000000f001010009000000320a00034b0e010000002c006c0 009000000320a00039510010000002c006c0009000000320a0003fd12010000002c006c0 009000000320a00038315010000002e006c0011000000fb0260fe0000000000009001000 00002000200104d542045787472610002040000002d01010004000000f00100000900000 0320a00032711010000004b00a00115000000fb02a0fe000000000000900100000000000 200004e5454696d65732f437972696c6c69630000040000002d01000004000000f001010 009000000320ad004b708010000003100b0000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff0100000 0000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d00cc040 000002d01010004000000f001000003000000000000000000f4390000430000000000 Aea?? iiaeae? iioeiaeueii? neeaaeiino? cae?enith?oueny ia iniia? ?aaoey?ecoth/eo ooieoe?iiae?a, ye? aacothoueny ia oae caaieo e?eoa??yo ?aaoey??caoe??, i?i?ioia cnoaaiiy, aaeaina. Oae, aeey aea??o iiaeae? iioeiaeueii? neeaaeiino? na?aae iiaeaeae ??ciiai ii?yaeeo (a?ae 1-ai aei m-ai) aeei?enoiaothoueny e?eoa??? ?aaoey??caoe??. Aeey ocaaaeueiaiiai iieno ?acoeueoao?a aenia?eiaioo aeey on?o a?oi ianoeeueieo iaoa??ae?a aeei?enoiaoaaeenue o?e aeaee iiaeaeae, ye? aeeth/athoue ne?aeoth/? iaa??e iacaeaaeieo ci?iieo: 1 a?oia – H, E, n, M, g, N; 2 a?oia – H, E, n, M, g, N, t (iai?oaeaiiy cnoao), v (oaeaee?noue eiacaiiy); 3 a?oia – H, E, n, M, g, N, t, hao (aoaeoeaia a’yce?noue). Ia ?en. 4 iiaea?oueny iaee?aua iiaeaeue aaaaoi?yaeii? naeaeoe?? aeaieo. Eo/oa iiaeaeue 15 ii?yaeea ST=0.8326649424 OST=0.01731391 OMO=0.05610569 F= 5.15785951 * 1 + 1.13384th-8 * v*y + 1279.33387 * u + 0.00071261 * u*y + 4.2159th-11 * x*y^2 + 0.15652133 * v*u + 1.72007th-5 * v^2 - 0.00574698 * v*ln(z) - 3.10749th-6 * q*x - 2.72495th-5 * y*ln(z) - 0.36010254 * x^2 + 6.25801th-6 * x*y*ln(z) + 0.00278577 * v*x - 215.695677 * u*ln(z) - 1.0903th-11 * x^2*y^2 Eo/oa iiaeaeue 16 ii?yaeea ST=0.8310570385 OST=0.01728048 OMO=0.05827054 F= 6.53861031 * 1 + 5.42158th-9 * v*y + 1126.08034 * u + 0.00072331 * u*y + 4.5131th-11 * x*y^2 + 0.34555495 * v*u + 1.72920th-5 * v^2 - 0.00680696 * v*ln(z) - 2.76611th-6 * q*x - 2.99578th-5 * y*ln(z) - 0.40814761 * x^2 + 7.67452th-6 * x*y*ln(z) + 0.00357039 * v*x - 171.428273 * u*ln(z) - 1.3603th-11 * x^2*y^2 - 49.6046167 * u*x ?en. 4 Eo/o? iiaeae? naeaeoe?? n-ai ii?yaeeo, iien caeaaeiinoae: Jh=f(h,E,n,M,g,Noe,t,hyo), aaea h=x; E=y; n=z; M=t; g=u; Noe=v; t=w; hyo =q INIIAI? ?ACOEUeOAOE ?IAIOE 1. I?e ianoaeeo oiiaao i?ei?aoeueiaoaaiiy anoaiiaeaii ?oeioaaiiy ianoeeueiiai oa?o, iia’ycaia c? ci?iith i?io?eath/eo a?aie/ieo i?ioean?a – ?oeioaaiiyi aaeni?aoe?eieo ianoeeueieo oa??a oa ooai?aiiyi ianoeeueieo oa??a iaaaeni?aoe?eiiai iioiaeaeaiiy (NII). Nii/aoeo noi?iiaai? ia eiioaeoieo iiaa?oiyo aaeni?aoe?ei? oa?e ?oeiothoueny i?ae iaoai?/iei oa oa?i?/iei ae?yiiyi, aiane?aeie aaaeeeo oiia oa?oy. Ciaioaiiy oiaueie ianoeeueiiai oa?o iia’ycaii c oei, ui oaeaee?noue ?oeioaaiiy aaeni?aoe?eieo a?aie/ieo oa??a cia/ii ia?aaa?oo? oaeaee?noue ooai?aiiy NII ia eiioaeoieo iiaa?oiyo. I?e ?iaio? o ianoaeiio ?aaeei? i?ei?aoeueiaoaaiiy oaeiae a?aeaoaa?oueny ci?ia i?io?eath/eo a?aie/ieo i?ioean?a, aea oaeaee?noue ooai?aiiy NII o oeeo oiiaao ia?aaa?oo? oaeaee?noue ?oeioaaiiy aaeni?aoe?eieo a?aie/ieo oa??a, c /ei ? iia’ycaia a?aenooi?noue cia/ieo ?oeioaaiue oiaueie ianoeeueiiai oa?o i?e ?iaio? o aeaieo oiiaao. Iiaa oaca, yea aeieea? (NII), ae?ai??o? aeo?aeiee iaoa??ae a?ae iaoai?/ii? oa o?ceei-o?i?/ii? aeano?oeoe?? ? caaacia/o? iaae?ei?noue ianoeeueii? ae?? ia e?ioeaaiio aoai? i?ei?aoeueiaoaaiiy. 2. Anoaiiaeai? ne?aeoth/e iniaeeaino? ianoeeueii? ae?? i?e ianoaeiio ?aaeei? i?ei?aoeueiaoaaiiy. I?ia?aeuei? ianea: · aeey ianea E-20A o ii/aoeiaee ia??iae i?ei?aoeueiaoaaiiy oa?aeoa?ii neeueia eieeaaiiy ia?aiao?a A, ui aeaco? ia ?ioaineai?noue i?io?eath/eo i?ioean?a oi?ioaaiiy aaeni?aoe?eieo no?oeoo?; · ii/aoie i?ei?aoeueiaoaaiiy aeey ianea E-40A oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ciaioaiiyi ia?aiao?a h ia 25%, a aeey ianea E-20A, iaaiaee, ca?eueoaiiyi ia 100% a?aeiinii ii/aoeiai? oiaueie; · ianea E-20A oa E-40A i?ney /anoeiaiai ?oeioaaiiy oaiini?aoe?eii? i?ineieee a?aeiiaeee oiaueio ianoeeueiiai oa?o, yea ia ci?ith?oueny aei e?ioey i?ei?aoeueiaoaaiiy, oiae? ye aeey ianea IE-8 ia? i?noea ia??iaee/ia ?oeioaaiiy oaiini?aoe?eii? neeaaeaai?; · aeey ianea E-20A o iiiaio ?oeioaaiiy ianoeeueiiai oa?o ia?aiao? A ciaioo?oueny aei cia/aiiy 60*103 Aeae/i2, a aeey ianea E-40A oa IE-8 ia?aiao? A ca?eueoo?oueny ia 40%-50%, ui aeaco? ia a?eueoo i?oei?noue oaiini?aoe?eieo oa??a, ooai?aieo ianeii E-20A; · anoaiiaeaii, ui i?e no?aa?aaii? eiioaeoieo iiaa?oiiue aeieea? iaeiiaooaaia aeaoi?iaoe?y i?oaeiueiai aai ieanoe/iiai oa?aeoa?o, ioe?ithaa?ia ia?aiao?ii Mmin. I?e ieanoe/i?e aeaoi?iaoe?? a?aeaoaa?oueny ??cea ciaioaiiy /anoioe iaa?oaiiy eiioaeoieo iiaa?oiiue oa iiiaioa oa?oy o na?aaeiueiio ia 90%-95%; · anoaiiaeaii, ui ci?iaiiy ia?aiao?a Mmin ? ?aieia?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee t? oa hao iineoue eieeaaeueiee oa?aeoa? ? ui i?ney ia??aiiaaaeiiai aoaio (ia?oee aoai) i?ei?aoeueiaoaaiiy ianoa? ??aiiaaaeiee (ae?oaee aoai), yeee oa?aeoa?eco?oueny aaaeeeaeie iciaeaie – ca?eueoaiiyi aiie?ooaee oa ia??iaeo ci?iaiiy ia?aiao??a t? ? Mmin oa, ae?oaa, ci?iaiiy ia?aiao??a t? ? Mmin a?aeaoaa?oueny o i?ioeoac?. Neioaoe/i? ianea: · i?e aaaaeai? iaaoce i?ioyaii 24 aiae. oa?aeoa? ci?iaiiy oaiini?aoe?eii? neeaaeaai? caeeoeany eieeaaeueiei ? ??cei ci?ieeeny ia?aiao?e oeueiai i?ioeano – ciaioeeany /anoioa ? ca?eueoeany ia??iae ci?iaiiy oiaueie ianoeeueiiai oa?o i?ney coieiee; · ca?eueoaiiy iaaoce i?ae oeeeeaie c ti=2n aei ti=60n i?ecaiaeeoue aei ciaioaiiy ia?aiao?a h ia 35%-50%; · o?eaae?noue ?nioaaiiy a?ae?iaeeiai?/iiai i?ioa?eo ianoeeueiiai oa?o aeey neioaoe/ieo ianae ia 45%-50% a?eueo o ii??aiyii? c i?ia?aeueieie ianeaie o caeaaeiino? a?ae ?aaeeio oa o?eaaeino? i?ei?aoeueiaoaaiiy; · cia/aiiy ia?aiao?a Mmin aeey ianea Shell Helix o aeaa ?aca a?eueo aiaeia?/iiai ia?aiao?a aeey ianea A-3A, ui aeaco? ia e?au? aaeaioaoe?ei? iiaeeeaino? ianea Shell Helix o ianoaeeo oiiaao i?ei?aoeueiaoaaiiy. Ieanoe/i? oa iai?a??aeee ianoeea: · aeey ianoee AIEEII-286I oa O-200A ia aoei anoaiiaeaii aiiiaeueieo a?aeoeeaiue o?eaioaoi?/ieo ia?aiao??a. Ia?aiao? h aei e?ioey i?ei?aoeueiaoaaiiy c??n ia 140% (aeey neioaoe/iiai A-3A oa i?ia?aeueiiai E-20A a?aeiia?aeii 73% ? 24%); · cia/aiiy ia?aiao?a Mmin o i?ioean? i?ei?aoeueiaoaaiiy aeinoaoiuei aenie? (0,07-0,095 ea/ni2), ui aeaco? ia ia?aaaao i?oaeieo aeaoi?iaoe?e o cii? eiioaeoo i?e no?aa?aaii? (aeey ianea Ie-8 Mmin=0,01-0,03 ea/ni2); · e?iaoeea ci?iaiiy ia?aiao?a A ia? oaiaeaioe?th aei cieaeaiiy o oiae? i?ei?aoeueiaoaaiiy o na?aaeiueiio ia 20%. Aiaeiuei-aeeeieaa? ??aeeie: · i?e ciaooaaii? oeei eeanii ianoeeueieo iaoa??ae?a ia ooai?ththoueny aeaaii?e?ii? oiiae aeey aeaeaaeaeoaaiiy iiaa?oiiue oa?oy, oi?ioaaiiy iioeiaeueiiai i?e?i?aeue?oo oa ianoeeueiiai oa?o; · ??no oiaueie ianoeeueiiai oa?o oa cieaeaiiy ia?aiao?a A iia’ycaii c aii?o?caoe??th iiaa?oiueiai oa?o ? eiai ?icioooaaiiyi ii i?e/ei? ne?eo/aiiy iiaa?oiaaiai oa?o oa ?icaeoeo aiaeiaaiai ciiooaaiiy; · anoaiiaeai? aei e?ioey i?ei?aoeueiaoaaiiy cia/aiiy e?i?eiiai ciiooaaiiy ? naieie aenieeie o ii??aiyii? c ?ioeie eeanaie ianoeeueieo iaoa??ae?a. Ianea c i?enaaeeaie: · aaaaeaiiy aaaaoiooieoe?iiaeueii? i?enaaeee “Dura Lube Transmission” a oe?eiio ca?eueoo? noia?io oiaueio ianoeeueiiai oa?o oa ciaioo? cia/aiiy ia?aiao?a A o oiae? i?ei?aoeueiaoaaiiy. 3. Ia?aiao? A ? iaea?eueo oi/iith o?eaioaoi?/iith oa?aeoa?enoeeith i?e ioe?ioe? aoaeoeaiino? ianoeeueii? ae?? o ii??aiyii? c eiao?oe??ioii oa?oy, aeia?a ei?ae??o? c oiaueiith ianoeeueiiai oa?o oa e?i?eiei ciiooaaiiyi. Cia/aiiy ia?aiao?a A aeey ianoee o 1,4-2,3 ?aca iaio o ii??aiyii? c ianeaie. 4. ?c aeine?aeaeaiieo o ianoaeeo oiiaao ?iaioe oa i?e ci?iaiiyo oaiia?aoo?e ianoeeueieo iaoa??ae?a iaea?eueoo oiaueio ianoeeueiiai oa?o oa iaeiaioo aaee/eio ciiooaaiiy ? ieoiii? ?iaioe oa?oy iieacaee ianoeea AIEEII-286I, Shell Alvania oa O-200A. 5. Ae?y o?eaiiie?ia??coth/eo i?enaaeie o ianoaeeo oiiaao i?enei?th? i?ioean i?ei?aoeueiaoaaiiy ca ?aooiie aeieoaaiiy i?ioeano ooai?aiiy iie?ia?ieo ie?aie oa ?ioaineo?eaoe?? aeaeaaeaeoaaiiy eiioaeoieo iiaa?oiiue. 6. Aeey iieno oa?aeoa?enoe/ieo caeaaeiinoae aeei?enoiaoaaany iaoiae, caniiaaiee ia naeaeoe?? iiaeaeae iioeiaeueii? neeaaeiino?. I?e ocaaaeueiaiiio iieno ?acoeueoao?a aenia?eiaioo aeei?enoiaoaaeenue o?e aeaea iiaeaeae, ye? aeeth/aee ??ci? iaai?e iacaeaaeieo ci?iieo. Iieo/ai? iiaeae? caaeia?eueii iienothoue caeaaei?noue ?ioaineaiino? ciiooaaiiy a?ae ci?iieo o?eaioaoi?/ieo iieaciee?a o i?ioean? i?ei?aoeueiaoaaiiy ? ?icoiaeaeaiiy c aenia?eiaioaeueieie aeaieie ia ia?aaeuo? 4,5-5 ?ac?a. INIIAI? IIEIAEAIIss AeENA?OAOe?? IIOAE?EIAAI? A ?IAIOAO 1) Aeieo?e/aiei I.O., Iiaoeaeaiia ?.A., Aeue-Eo?aai O., Naaae O. O?eaioaoie/aneea iniaaiiinoe niaci/iuo iaoa?eaeia i?e iaonoaiiaeaoeony ?aaeeiao ?iaiou – Ca. iaoe. i?aoeue “I?iaeaie aenieoaoaoe?? oa iaae?iino? aa?aoe?eii? oaoi?ee”. E.: EIOOeA, 1998. – n. 99-102 . 2) Aeieo?e/aiei I.O., Iiaoeaeaiia ?.A., Aeue-Eo?aai O., Naaae O. E?eoa?ee ioiineoaeueiie ioeaiee i?ioeaieciinoiuo e aioeo?eeaoeeiiuo naienoa niaci/iuo iaoa?eaeia a oneiaeyo aeeiaie/aneiai iaa?oaeaiey – Ca. iaoe. i?aoeue “I?iaeaie oa?oy oa ciiooaaiiy” – E.: EIOOeA, 1998. – n. 38-44. 3) Aeieo?e/aiei I.O., Iiaoeaeaiia ?.A., Cieioa?aaa A.I., A?aoeoea E.N., Aeue-Eo?aai O., Naaae O. Yiie?e/aneee iiaeoiae e ?an/aoo iai?yaeaiee e aeaoi?iaoeee a eieaeueiii eiioaeoa o?aiey – Ca. iaoe. i?aoeue “ I?iaeaie oa?oy oa ciiooaaiiy” – E.: EIOOeA, 1998. – n. 11-18. 4) N.F.Dmitrichenko, E.P.Zolotareva, T.M.Al-Quraan “Comparative experimental evaluation of fatigue durabiliti of surfaces of friction couples”. 2nd Joint American – Eastern European Conference: “New Materials And Technologies In Tribology” NMTT-97, Minsk-Grodno-Warsaw, 1997. – p.179. 5) Aeieo?e/aiei I.O., Iiaoeaeaiia ?.A., Aeue-Eo?aai O., Naaae O. E?eoa?ee ioiineoaeueiie ioeaiee i?ioeaieciinoiuo e aioeo?eeaoeeiiiuo naienoa niaci/iuo iaoa?eaeia. – Iao/ii-oaoie/aneay eiioa?aioeey: “XVI e XVII io/aoiay iao/ii-oaoie/aneay eiioa?aioeey oieaa?neoaoa”, Eeaa, 1996-1997 aa., - n. 35. 6) N.Oa?iaiae, Aeue-Eo?aai Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ioeano iauaiiy ca iayaieo iciae iioeiaeaeaiiy. – 4-e i?aeia?iaeiee neiiic?oi oe?a?inueeeo ?iaeaia??a-iaoai?e?a. – Euea?a, 19-21 o?aaiy 1999?. AIIOAOe?ss Aeue-Eo?aai O.I. Ianoeeueia aeanoea?noue ianae a oiiaao e?eoe/ieo oa?oy – ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.02.04 – Oa?oy oa ciiooaaiiy a iaoeiao. – Ee?anueeee i?aeia?iaeiee oi?aa?neoao oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??, Oe?a?ia, Ee?a, 1999. O aeena?oaoe?? iiaeai iaoiae ioe?iee o?eaioaoi?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee ianoeeueieo iaoa??ae?a ii ia?aiao?ai, ?a?no?o?iei a oiiaao i?ei?aoeueiaoaaiiy eiioaeoieo iiaa?oiiue c eieaeueiith oi?iith eiioaeoo aeey ianoaeeo ?aaeei?a ?iaioe o?eainii?yae?iiy. Iaoiae aaco?oueny ia iaoaiaoe/i?e iiaeae?, yea iieno? caeaaei?noue ?ioaineaiino? ciiooaaiiy eiioaeoieo iiaa?oiiue a oiiaao i?ei?aoeueiaoaaiiy, ye ooieoe?? oeeo ia?aiao??a. Iaa?oioiaai? ia?aiao?e oa eiiieaene ia?aiao??a, ye? aeei?enoiaothoueny aeey ioe?iee i?ioeaiciiooaaieo ? aioeo??eoe?eieo aeanoeainoae o?eainii?yae?iiy aeey ??cieo a?oi ianoeeueieo iaoa??ae?a. Eeth/ia? neiaa: ianoaeee ?aaeei, i?ei?aoeueiaoaaiiy, ianoeeueia ae?y, i?ioeaiciini? oa aioeo?eeoe?ei? aeanoeaino?, aaeni?aoe?ei? oa oaiini?aoe?ei? oa?e, o?eaioaoi?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee. AIIIOAOeEss Aeue-Eo?aai O.I. Niaci/iay niiniaiinoue ianae a e?eoe/aneeo oneiaeyo o?aiey - ?oeiienue Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea iao/iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.02.04 – O?aiea e eciin a iaoeiao. - Eeaaneee iaaeaeoia?iaeiue oieaa?neoao a?aaeaeaineie aaeaoeee, Oe?aeia, Eeaa, 1999. Iioeiecaoeey o?eaioaoie/aneeo oa?aeoa?enoee a i?ioeanna i?e?aaioee eiioaeoiuo iiaa?oiinoae i?aaeaea anaai naycaia n ?ac?aaioeie iaoiaeia ioeaiee oao ia?aiao?ia, eioi?ua iaeaieaa eioi?iaoeaiu n oi/ee c?aiey iaia?oaeaiey ne?uouo aiiiaeueiuo yaeaiee, eioi?ua i?ioaeatho a iiaa?oiinoiii neia iaoaeea, oae e a oiieii niaci/iii neia. Oeaeueth ?aaiou yaeyaony eiiieaeniia enneaaeiaaiea i?e?aaioee o?eainii?yaeaiey, i?ioeannia, eioi?ua i?ioaeatho a oiieii iiaa?oiinoiii neia niacee, e ?ac?aaioea iaoiaeia ioeaiee o?eaioaoie/aneeo oa?aeoa?enoee a oneiaeyo iiaeaee?iaaiey ?aaiou coa/aouo ia?aaea/ i?e ea/aiee ni neieueaeaieai. Iao/iay iiaecia iieo/aiiuo ?acoeueoaoia ninoieo a neaaeothuai: - ?ac?aaioaia iaoiaeeea ioeaiee o?eaioaoie/aneeo oa?aeoa?enoee ia aaca ia?aiao?ia, ?aaano?e?oaiuo a i?ioeanna i?e?aaioee; - ?ac?aaioaia iaoaiaoe/aneay iiaeaeue eeiaoe/aneie caeiiiia?iinoe eciaiaiey o?eaioaoie/aneeo ia?aiao?ia a i?ioeanna i?e?aaioee n oeaeueth ioeaiee aeieaiaa/iinoe o?eainii?yaeaiey; - eiiieaenii enneaaeiaaia eeiaoeea oi?ie?iaaiey niaci/iiai neiy a oneiaeyo a?aie/iiai ?aaeeia niacee a ia?eiae i?e?aaioee n iaa?aaii e onoaiiaeaia acaeiinaycue eciaiaiee o?eaioaoie/aneeo iieacaoaeae n eioaineaiinoueth eciaoeaaiey aeey ianae ?aciiai eeanna n i?enaaeeaie; - onoaiiaeai iaoaieci niaci/iiai aeaenoaey ianae, niacie e niaoeeaeueiuo aeeaeeinoae a ia?eiae i?e?aaioi/iuo i?ioeannia ia iaonoaiiaeaoeony ?aaeeiao ?aaiou. I?aeoe/aneay oeaiiinoue ?aaiou ninoieo a ?ac?aaioea iaoiaeeee ioeaiee aeeiaieee o?eaieiae/aneeo i?ioeannia a oneiaeyo i?e?aaioee e aa caaa?oaiey ia aaoiiaoece?iaaiiii o?eaioaoie/aneii eiiieaena a iaonoaiiaeaoeony ?aaeeiao ?aaiou, eioi?ay iiaeao auoue eniieueciaaia ia iaoeiino?ieoaeueiuo i?aaei?eyoeyo, aaea i?e?aaioea yaeyaony oaoiieiae/aneie oeaiueth i?iecaiaenoaa. I?e iaonoaiiaeaoeony oneiaeyo i?e?aaioee onoaiiaeaii ?ac?ooaiea niaci/iiai neiy, naycaiiia ni niaiie i?ioaeathueo a?aie/iuo i?ioeannia - ?ac?ooaieai aaeni?aoeeiiiuo niaci/iuo neiaa e nicaeaiea niaci/iuo neiaa iaaaeni?aoeeiiiiai i?ienoiaeaeaiey. Aia/aea, noi?ie?iaaaoeany ia eiioaeoiuo iiaa?oiinoyo aaeni?aoeeiiiua neie ?ac?ooathony iiae iaoaie/aneei e oa?ie/aneei aeaenoaeai, aneaaenoaee oyaeaeuo oneiaee o?aiey. Oiaiueoaiea oieueiu niaci/iiai neiy naycaii n oai, /oi nei?inoue ?ac?ooaiey a?aie/iuo niaci/iuo neiaa cia/eoaeueii i?aauoaao nei?inoue ia?aciaaiey i?aaie/aneeo ieaiie. I?e ?aaioa a iaonoaiiaeaoeony ?aaeeiao i?e?aaioee oaeaea i?ienoiaeeo niaia i?ioaeathueo a?aie/iuo, ii nei?inoue ia?aciaaiey i?aaie/aneeo ieaiie a yoeo oneiaeyo i?aauoaao nei?inoue ?ac?ooaiey aaeni?aoeeiiiuo a?aie/iuo neiaa, n /ai e naycaii ionoonoaea cia/eoaeueiuo ?ac?ooaiee oieueiu niaci/iiai neiy i?e ?aaioa a aeaiiuo oneiaeyo. Iiaay oaca, eioi?ay ia?acoaony, ye?aie?oao iaoa?eae io iaoaie/aneie e oeceei-oeie/aneie aeano?oeoeee e iaania/eaaao iaaeaaeiia niaci/iia aeaenoaea ia caeeth/eoaeueiii yoaia i?e?aaioee. Onoaiiaeaiu iniaaiiinoe niaci/iiai aeaenoaey a iaonoaiiaeaoeony oneiaeyo i?e?aaioee aeey /aou?ao a?oii niaci/iuo iaoa?eaeia: ieia?aeueiuo ianae; neioaoe/aneeo ianae; ieanoe/iuo e iieoaeeaeeeo niacie; aiaeii-aeeeieaauo aeeaeeinoae. Ia?aiao? oaeaeueiie ?aaiou o?aiey yaeyaony iaeaieaa eioi?iaoeaiie e aieaa oi/iie oa?aeoa?enoeeie i?e ioeaiea yooaeoeaiinoe niaci/iiai aeaenoaey a n?aaiaiee n eiyooeoeeaioii o?aiey, oaeiaeaoai?eoaeueii ei??aee?oao n oieueiie niaci/iiai neiy e aaee/eiie eeiaeiiai eciina. Cia/aiea ia?aiao?a oaeaeueiie ?aaiou o?aiey aeey niacie a 1,4 - 2,3 ?aca iaiueoa a n?aaiaiee n ianeaie. Ec enneaaeiaaiiuo ia iaonoaiiaeaoeony ?aaeeiao ?aaiou e i?e eciaiaiee oaiia?aoo?u niaci/iuo iaoa?eaeia, iaeaieueooth oieueio niaci/iiai neiy e iaeiaiueooth aaee/eio eciaoeaaiey e oaeaeueiie ?aaiou o?aiey iieacaee ieanoe/iay niacea “Y?A” e iieoaeeaeeay niacea O-200A. Aeey o?eaiiieeia?ecothueo i?enaaeie a iaonoaiiaeaoeony oneiaeyo ?aaiou onei?yaony i?ioeann i?e?aaioee ca n/ao aeiee?iaaiey i?ioeanna ia?aciaaiey iieeia?iuo ieaiie e eioaineoeeaoeee i?ioeanna auaeaaeeaaiey eiioaeoiuo iiaa?oiinoae. Aeey iaoaiaoe/aneiai iienaiey oa?aeoa?enoe/aneeo caaeneiinoae eniieuecoaony iaoiae, iniiaaiiue ia naeaeoeee iaoaiaoe/aneeo iiaeaeae iioeiaeueiie neiaeiinoe. I?e iaiauaiee ?acoeueoaoia yenia?eiaioa eniieueciaaeenue o?e aeaea iiaeaeae, eioi?ua aeeth/atho ?aciua iaai?u iacaaeneiuo ia?aiaiiuo. Iieo/aiiua iiaeaee oaeiaeaoai?eoaeueii iienuaatho caaeneiinoue eioaineaiinoe eciaoeaaiey io ia?aiaiiuo o?eaioaoie/aneeo ia?aiao?ia a i?ioeanna i?e?aaioee. Eeth/aaua neiaa: iaonoaiiaeaoeeny ?aaeei, i?e?aaioea, niaci/iia aeaenoaea, i?eoeaieciiniua e aioeo?eeoeeiiiua naienoaa, aaeni?aoeeiiiua e oaiini?aoeeiiiua neie, o?eaioaoie/aneea oa?aeoa?enoeee. SUMMARY Al-Quraan O.I. The lubrication ability of oil or grease in critical conditions of friction –Manuscript . Thesis for candidate of science ( Engineering ) by specialty 05.02.04 - Friction and wearingness in machines. -The Kyiv international university of civil aviation, Ukraine, Kyiv, 1999. In the dissertation the method of an estimation of the tribology features of the characteristics of lubricant materials on the parameters registered in conditions of wearingness of contact surfaces with local form of contact for unsteady modes of operations tribo technical features is submitted. The method is based on mathematical model describing dependence of intensity of wear process of contact surfaces, as functions of these parameters. The parameters and complexes of parameters used for an estimation of antiwear and antifriction properties of tribo technical features for various groups of lubricant materials are reasonable. Key words: the unsteady mode, wearingness, lubricant action, antiwear and antifriction of property, adsorption and chemoadsorption layers, the tribology features of the characteristic.

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