5

OA?E?ANUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE OI?AA?NEOAO

OAeE — 338.431.2

*AI *OIA *? O??O

IAEEE A?CIAN A AA?A?I?E NOA??

IA?AO?AeII? AEIIII?EE

08.01.01 – Aeiiii?/ia oai??y

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioo aeeiiaii a Oa?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao?

I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: — eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Othothiieeiaa Na?oeaia Aieiaeeie??aia

Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao,

aeioeaio eaoaae?e aeiiii?/ii? oai??? oa

aeiiii?/ieo iaoiae?a oi?aae?iiy.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: — aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Ai?iaeia ?aaai Ieoaeeiae/

Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao,

caa. eaoaae?e aeiiii?/ii? oai???, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie
i.Oa?e?a

— eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

O?eiiaiei Ieaenaiae? Caiaiiae/,

Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao, aeioeaio eaoaae?e
aeiiii?/ii? oai???, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe O?a?ie i.Oa?e?a

I?ia?aeia i?aai?caoe?y: Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iie?oaoi?/iee
oi?aa?neoao, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie eaoaae?a caaaeueii? aeiiii?/ii?
oai???, i. Oa?e?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny » 09 » eeiiy 1999 ?. i 17 aiae. ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae64.051.01 Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ca aae?anith: 310077, i.Oa?e?a, ie.Naiaiaee, 4, aoae.V-67

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o Oeaio?aeuei?e iaoeia?e
a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo (310077, i.Oa?e?a,
ie.Naiaiaee, 4).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee » 09 » /a?aiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Niaie?a A.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE.

Aeooaeuei?noue aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy. Oaia aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy noino?oueny i?iaeaie aeiiii?/ii? noaa?e?caoe??
noni?euenoaa a ia?ao?aeiee ia??iae. Aaaeeeaith eaieith ia?aoai?aiue a
ia??iae no/anii? aeiiii?/ii? o?aiceoe??, ia iao iiaeyae, ? i??i?eoaoia
cae?eniaiiy aa?a?ii? ?aoi?ie. A?ae oni?oii? ?aae?caoe?? iiaiaaaaeaiue a
aa?a?iiio naeoi?? aeiiii?ee a cia/i?e i??? caeaaeeoue oni?o
caaaeueiiaeiiii?/iiai ?aoi?ioaaiiy.

N?euenueea ainiiaea?noai iaeaaeeoue aei /enea aaciaeo
ia?iaeiiainiiaea?nueeeo aaeocae, ye? aecia/athoue oiiae i?aeo?eiaiiy
aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? noni?euenoaa. Aa?a?ia i?aoey — aeo?aeiee oa
iaoiiaethth/ee ii/aoie anueiai noni?eueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa. O a?aeiioaii?
aei noni?euenoaa aiia oe?eeii ? iaiao?aeiith i?aoeath, yea noai?th?
i?iaeoeo, ui caaeiaieueiy? ia?aeii? iio?aae ethaeae, ye? iaiiaeeeai
i?eieieoe aai iaaei??ii cieceoe, oiio ui oea noai?eoue caa?ico
a?aeoai?aiith ianaeaiiy. Caeii cai?uaiiy ia ia?aeii? iio?aae ia
iioe?th?oueny. Oiio a eiaeiee ?noi?e/ii eiie?aoiee iiiaio /ano
noni?euenoai iiaea aeae?eyoe ia an? ?io? aeaee ae?iaieoeoaa eeoa oo
e?euee?noue aeeai? oa o?a/aaeaii? i?aoe?, yea noi?oue ca iaaeaie aeo?ao
ia noai?aiiy i?iaeiaieue/iai oiiaeo.

Aeey caa?aaeaiiy aeiiii?/ii? aaciaee eiaeia e?a?ia i?aaia aei
naiicaaacia/aiiy i?iaeiaieue/eie oiaa?aie, oi/a a ia i?i?iaeueiiio
??ai?. Oiio no?oeoo?a iaoe?iiaeueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa a on?o e?a?iao o
cia/i?e i??? aecia/a?oueny ??aiai i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe?, ui noai?th?
i?iaeoeoe oa?/oaaiiy, a i?e??no ae?iaieoeoaa a aa?a?iiio naeoi??
aecia/a? iniiaio /anoeo ??/iiai i?e?inoo aaeiaiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai
i?iaeoeoo.

Aeey ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee iniaeeaa oaaaa aei aaciaeo aaeocae a oe?eiio
oa aei n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa — cie?aia iia’ycaia
oaeiae ? c oei, ui ooo caeiyoa a?eueoa /anoeia i?aoeacaeaoiiai ianaeaiiy
oa ?ano?n?a, ae?iaey?oueny cia/ia /anoeia noeoiiiai i?iaeoeoo
noni?euenoaa.

O? ?aoi?ie, ui i?iaiaeyoueny, iiaeii? aoee aeaoe i?oeiee iiooiao aeey
aeeiai?/iiai ?icaeoeo aa?a?iiai naeoi?o, iaiiaiaiiy ?eieo aeanieie
i?iaeiaieue/eie oiaa?aie. Aea, ii/eiath/e c 1990 ?. a n?euenueeiio
ainiiaea?noa? aaaaoueio e?a?i, ye? cae?eniththoue ia?ao?ae aei ?eieo,
ia?inoathoue iaaaoeai? yaeua, ye? ia aaeaeiny i?eieieoe i? o 1997, i? o
1998 ??. Oae, a e?a?iao NIAe o 1996 ?. ianya aaeiai? i?iaeoeoe??
n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa neeaa 62 a?aenioea a?ae ??aiy 1990 ?. Ni.
Ooa/aa E. ?acaeoea eioa?iaoeeiiaeueiuo i?ioeannia ni no?aiaie NIA a
aa?a?iii naeoi?a.//Yeiiiieno. – 1997. — ? 6. – N. 92.

Ia iao iiaeyae, iniiaith aa?a?ii? ?aoi?ie a ia?ao?aeiee ia??iae iiaeii?
aooe noai?aiiy oa i?oeia aea?aeaaia i?aeo?eiea ??cieo oi?i aeaniino? ?
ainiiaea?nueeeo oeeaae?a. Aei oeueiai ae ae??oaeueio ?ieue o
a?ae?iaeaeaii? naea iiaeiai a?ae?a?aoe iaeee n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeee
a?cian. O?aaa aecia/eoe, ui na?aae aeiiii?no?a — oai?aoee?a oa
?aeaieia?a ?aoi?i ia ia? ?aeiino? o oeueiio ieoaii?. O ca’yceo c
oaiaeaioe??th aei ca?eueoaiiy ianooaa?a oa ciaioaiiy e?eueeino? caeiyoeo
o n?euenueei-ainiiaea?nueeiio ae?iaieoeoa? ?icaeiooeo e?a?i na?oo aaaaoi
aeine?aeiee?a, i?aeoee?a oa noni?eueieo ae?y/?a ia iaae? OO? noie?ooy,
ye eieenue ia iaae? OO-ai, noaa?aeaeothoue, ui iaeee a?cian oa n?iaeia
oa?ia a oiiaao ?eieo ia iathoue iaeaooiueiai. O e?a?iao NIAe oa?ia?noai,
uieii c’yaeaoenue, aeia a oiiaao iiaiiai aaeooio, noai?aiiai
noni?euenoaii oa aea?aeaaith.

Aea aeina?ae i?iaaaeaiiy ?aoi?i o iinonioe?ae?noe/ieo e?a?iao
na?ae/eoue, ui oni?oo oa aeiiii?/iiai c?inoo caeiaoaathoue naia o?
e?a?ie, eio?? iinoaaeee aa?a?i? ia?aoai?aiiy o oeaio?
caaaeueiiaeiiii?/iiai ?aoi?ioaaiiy; a naeyieia, oa?ia?a ?icaeyaeathoue
ye aeeeth/io o?ao?o aa?a?ieo ?aoi?i o ia?ao?aeieo oiiaao. ?aoi?ie, ui
i?iaiaeyoueny o Eeoa? oa A’?oiai?, aaea ca?ac ?icaeyaeathoueny na?oiaei
ni?aoiaa?enoaii ye iiaa aeiiii?/ia /oaei: o Eeoa? ui??/iee i?e??no AII
ca ?iee ia?aoai?thaaiue neeaaea? 10 a?aenioe?a, o A’?oiai? — 8
a?aenioe?a. Oaeei /eiii, naia aeeooy noaaeoue ia?aae aeiiii?/iith
iaoeith iaa?aeeeaaeia caaaeaiiy iaoeiaiai aiae?co ?ie? iaeiai a?ciano a
aa?a?iiio naeoi?? a oiiaao ?eieo oa eiai iniaeeainoae a i?ioean?
aeiiii?/ii? o?aiceoe?? noni?euenoaa. ??oaiiy iinoaaeaiiai caaaeaiiy ia?
ia eeoa oai?aoe/ia, a e aaeeea i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy. Oea oaeiae iaoiiaeth?
aeooaeuei?noue aeaiiai aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Nooi?iue ?ic?iaeaiino? i?iaeaie. Iniaeeaino? aa?a?ieo ia?aoai?aiue oa
?ieue iaeiai a?ciano a ?aae?caoe?? inoaii?o, ?icaeyioo? o i?aoeyo oaeeo
a/aieo, ye Aaaoiiia I., Aaeeao I., Aaeaithe ?., A?eaiueeee A., A?aa?ia
A., Aoaooeueeee A., Aoeaoia A., A?ooa? A., Ai?iaeia A., Aaeuea?an A.,
Aoaai? TH., Aooei E., Aeaaeaeia A., Aeaia Oo? O??o Ea, Aeaiueyiaiei N.,
Ae??nia?ia A., Aeia?ei?i A., ?ioaeia I., Ea?iia I., E?oaeia A., E?
Oc?iaaiue, Eoe?iia ?., Ethaeiiaa A., Iaea?aiei I., Ieoanthe ?., Iineaei
A., I?eiiia A., Iieuaiei A., Ieaiaa?ia Y., Iiiia A., Iiiiaa I.,
?aae/aiei A., Naaeoe I., Naaaeue?aa O., Nethna?ue A., Nieieaiei O.,
O?aene I., Oo?/aiei I., *ayiia A., Ooeon A., TH?/eoei A. oa aaaaoueio
?ioeo.

Iacaaaeath/e ia aeinoaoiuei aenieee ??aaiue oai?aoe/iiai i?ciaiiy
i?iaeai iaeiai a?ciano a aa?a?iiio naeoi?? a oiiaao ?eieiai?
o?ainoi?iaoe?? aeiiii?ee, aeinyaiooee ??aaiue ?? aeine?aeaeaiiy ia
iiaeia aeciaoe oe?eeii a?aeiia?aeiei caaaeaiiyi no/aniiai aoaio ?icaeoeo
aeiiii?ee. Oea noino?oueny oai?aoe/ieo i?iaeai, nooiino? iaeiai a?ciano
a aa?a?i?e noa??, a oaeiae eiai ?ie? oa ?noi?e/iiai i?noey a oiiaao
aeiiii?/ii? o?aiceoe?? noni?euenoaa, oi?i oa cania?a ?aae?caoe??,
aoaeoeaiino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy o ??cieo oiiaao oa e?a?iao.

Aeooaeuei?noue, oai?aoe/ia oa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy, a oaeiae iaaeinoaoiy
?ic?iaeai?noue oa i?aeoe/ia iaaeiioe?iea i?iaeaie ooieoe?iioaaiiy iaeiai
a?ciano a aa?inoa?? a oiiaao ?eieiai? o?ainoi?iaoe?? iaoiiaeth? aea??
ia’?eoo, oe?e? oa caaaeaiue aeine?aeo.

Ia’?eo, oe?eue oa caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy —
noa?a aa?a?ieo a?aeiinei no/aniiai noni?euenoaa o?aiceoeaiiai oeio.
Oe?eue aeine?aeaeaiiy — ca aeiiiiiaith oai?aoe/iiai aiae?co ?ie? iaeiai
a?ciano a aa?inoa?? a i?ioean? aeiiii?/ii? o?aiceoe??, ?ice?eoe
iniaeeaino? oa i?e/eie aa?a?ii? e?ece a aeiiii?oe? ia?ao?aeiiai
ia??iaeo, iaa?oiooaaoe iai?yiee aeoiaeo c ia?. Aeey aeinyaiaiiy
iinoaaeaii? iaoe a ?iaio? ?icaeyaeathoueny ianooii? caaaeaiiy:

— ?ice?eoe nooi?noue ia?ao?aeiiai ia??iaeo oa iniaeeainoae eiai
cae?eniaiiy a aa?inaeoi?? aeiiii?ee;

— aeine?aeeoe nioe?aeueii aeiiii?/io i?e?iaeo oa iniaeeaino? iaeiai
a?ciano a aa?inoa??, aecia/eoe eiai ?ieue oa cia/aiiy a ia??iae
aeiiii?/ii? o?aiceoe??;

— aeyaeoe, eeaneo?eoaaoe oa ioa?aeoa?ecoaaoe iniiai? oi?ie aa?a?iiai
iaeiai a?ciano;

— ii??aiyoe aoaeoeai?noue ?aae?caoe?? oi?i iaeiai a?ciano a no/aniiio
ainiiaea?noa? Oe?a?ie, ?in??, A’?oiaio oa Eeoath;

— iaa?oiooaaoe iai?yiee aeoiaeo c aa?a?ii? e?ece aeey e?a?i c
ia?ao?aeiith aeiiii?eith oeyoii ocaaaeueiaiiy aeina?aeo ooieoe?iioaaiiy
iaeiai a?ciano a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa? oeeo e?a?i.

Iaoiaeieia?/iith oa oai?aoe/iith iniiaith aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy ? i?aoe? ?in?enueeeo, oe?a?inueeeo, a’?oiainueeeo oa
eeoaenueeeo o?einio?a, aeiiii?no?a c i?iaeaie, ui aea/a?oueny, aai
iia’ycaieo c iath i?iaeai.

A ?iaio? aeei?enoai? aeai? noaoenoe/ieo ca??iee?a, ui??/iee?a,
?acoeueoaoe nioe?ieia?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, yea aoei i?iaaaeaia aaoi?ii
o n?/i? 1998 ?. oa ioiieei 17 naeeu 4-o i?ia?ioe?e I?aii/? A’?oiaio.
?ioi?iaoe?eiith aacith neoaoaaee io?oe?ei? aeieoiaioe o?yae?a Oe?a?ie,
?in??, A’?oiaio, a oaeiae iaoa??aee iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?e ??ciiai ??aiy.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeena?oaoe??
iieyaa? a oiio, ui ia i?aenoaa? nenoaiiiai aeiiii?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
iniaeeainoae ooieoe?iioaaiiy iaeeo oi?i a?ciano a aa?inoa?? e?a?i a
oiiaao ia?aoiaeo aei ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee ?ic?iaeaia oe?e?nia oai?aoe/ia
eiioeaioe?y c oe??? i?iaeaie, eio?a aeicaieeea caeiaooe iia? aeniiaee oa
i?iiiceoe??.

Iniiai? iaoeia? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy:

? ?ice?eo? iniaeeainoi ?eieiai? o?ainoi?iaoei? aa?a?iiai naeoi?o oa a
ca’yceo c oeei iniaeeainoi oi?ioaaiiy aa?a?iiai iaeiai aiciano;
iaa?oioiaaia eiai aeoeaia ?ieue o ia?aoiaei nieuenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa
aei ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei (??ciiiai?oi?noue oi?i ainiiaea?thaaiiy,
aaaaoinoa’?eoi?noue aa?a?ieo a?aeiinei, o?niee aca?iica’ycie i?ae
a?ieia?/ieie oa nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieie i?ioeanaie);

? Aecia/ai? iniiai? iai?yiee ia?aoai?aiiy ae??aiioiaa?iiai ae?iaieoeoaa
o no/ani? oi?ie iaeiai a?ciano a aa?a?iiio naeoi?? (naeyinuee?
ainiiaea?noaa, ?iaeeiio oa?io, iaeee eiiia?aoea);

? Aeyaeaii oi?ie i?iyao i?ioe?i/ oa?ia?nueei? i?iaeaie oa cai?iiiiiaaii
niiniae ?o /anoeiaiai ?ica’ycaiiy (a?eueo /?oea niaoeeo?eaoe?y i?aa
aeaniino? ia caieth, iniaeeaa o?iainiai-e?aaeeoia i?aeo?eiea noa’?eo?a
iaeiai a?ciano);

? Nenoaiaoeciaai? e?eoa?i? eeaneoieaoei? oi?i iaeiai a?ciano a aa?a?iiio
naeoi?? aeiiii?ee (oi?ia aeaniino?, iniaenoa o/anoue a i?aoe?, oi?ia
oi?aae?iiy);

? ?ice?eoa inoi?e/ia iiniy iniaenoiai iiaeniaiiai ainiiaea?noaa (IIA) a
oiiaao aeiiiii/ii? o?aiceoei? noniieuenoaa, iieacaia eiai iio?ieia
cia/aiiy o ia?aoiaeiee aei ?eieiaeo aiaeiinei ia??iae (ii-ia?oa —
aeaeeaaiiy, caaacia/aiiy ethaeae i?iaeoeoaie oa?/oaaiiy, ii-ae?oaa —
iii’yeoaiiy ianooaa?a iaae?iiy ae?iaieoeoaa, ii-o?ao? — ye aace
noaiiaeaiiy iaeiai a?ciano ia nae?);

? Aeiaaaeaia caeaaei?noue aoaeoeaiino? aa?a?ieo ia?aoai?aiue a?ae
cieaeaiiy o?ainaeoeieieo aeo?ao noa’?eo?a iaeiai aiciano. Aeyaeaii
aca?iica’ycie iiae ?icii?aie ?iaeeiieo oa?i oa aeo?aoaie aea?aeaaiiai
?aaoethaaiiy;

? Anoaiiaeaii, ui iiaea??’y oa ?iaeeiii-iaueiia eiiia?aoe?y ? iaea?eueo
ia?niaeoeaieie oi?iaie aeey nieuenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa A’?oiaio;

? Aeiaaaeaii, ui oieueee ca oiia eiiieaeniiai a?aooaaiiy anio
aeiiiii/ieo, iieioe/ieo, nioeii-eoeueoo?ieo, iaoeiiiaeueieo oaeoi?ia, a
oaeiae aio/eiai aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy, iaeee aician a aa?a?iie noa?i
iiaea iaoe oniio i aeoeaii ni?eyoe oi?ioaaiith ?eieiaiai na?aaeiaeua.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Iieiaeaiiy oa aeniiaee, ye?
i?noyoueny a aeena?oaoe??, iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? a iiaeaeueoiio
i?aeoe/iiio aeine?aeaeaii? i?iaeai iaeiai a?ciano a aa?inaeoi??
aeiiii?ee, a ae?yeueiino? i?aai?a ainiiaea?/iai oi?aae?iiy i?e
?ic?iaeaii? caoiae?a i?iaaaeaiiy aa?a?ii? ?aoi?ie a no/anieo oiiaao, o
nenoai? aeiiii?/ii? ina?oe.

Ie?ai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? iiaeooue aeei?enoiaoaaoeny i?e aea/aii?
eo?no c aeiiii?/ii? oai???, cie?aia a oaiao “Aa?ia?cian”, “Aa?a?i?
a?aeiineie a ia?ao?aei?e aeiiii?oe?”, “Iaeee a?cian a aa?inaeoi??
aeiiii?ee”.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiaii iieiaeaiiy oa ?acoeueoaoe
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe i?ieoee ai?iaaoeith ia iiaeia?iaeiie
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iie eiioa?aioe?? “I?iaeaie noaaieicaoe?? oa aeiiiii/iiai
?icaeoeo” (Oa?eia, 21-22 eaioiy 1998 ?.), ia iiaeia?iaeiie
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iie eiioa?aioe?? “I?iaeaie ?aoi?ioaaiiy aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie
a oiiaao o?aiceoe??” (Oa?eia, 21-22 o?aaiy 1998 ?.), ia 2-?e
Anaoe?a?inuee?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Aeiiii?/ia aaciaea:
i?iaeaie ? no?aoaa?y caaacia/aiiy a Oe?a?i?” (Oa?eia, 17 a?oaeiy 1998
?.).

Ioae?eaoe??. C oaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 5 i?aoeue o oaoiaeo
iaoeiaeo aeaeaiiyo caaaeueiei ianyaii 1,6 ae.a.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeth/a? anooi, aeaa ?icae?ee, ye?
i?noyoue 5 ia?aa?ao?a, aeniiaee oa nienie aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e.
Caaaeueiee ianya aeena?oaoe?? — 175 noi??iie, aeeth/ath/e 11 oaaeeoeue,
3 iaethiie, 4 noaie. O nieneo aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e — 133 aeaea?aea.

INIIAIEE CI?NO

O anooi? ?ice?eaa?oueny aeooaeuei?noue oaie, nooi?iue ?? ?ic?iaeaiino?,
aecia/a?oueny ia’?eo, iaoa oa caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy, aeeeaaea?oueny
iaoeiaa iiaecia oa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? “Iaoiaeieia?/i? i?aeaaeeie aeine?aeaeaiiy iaeiai
a?ciano a aa?a?iiio naeoi?? aeiiii?ee a oiiaao ia?aoiaeo aei ?eieo”
?ice?eaa?oueny nooi?noue oa iniaeeaino? aeyaeaiiy ia?ao?aeiiai ia??iaeo
a aa?a?iiio naeoi?? (?.1), a oaeiae aeiiii?/iee ci?no, ?ieue oa cia/aiiy
iaeiai a?ciano a aa?a?i?e noa?? a i?ioean? o?aiceoe?? (?.2). I?iaaaeaia
aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaei, ui aeiiii?/iee ?icaeoie noni?euenoaa iaieio/a
iia’ycaiee ?c ia?aoiaeaie aeiiii?ee c iaeiiai noaio aei ?ioiai. Oe?
ia?aoiaee iiaeooue iaoe ye eieaeueiee, oae ? caaaeueiee oa?aeoa?.

Eieaeueia ia?ao?aeia aeiiii?ea oa?aeoa?eco? ia?ao?aeiee noai
yeiai-iaaoaeue ?aa?iio /e ie?aii? e?a?ie. A ?? iniia? eaaeeoue
iniaeea?noue ?icaeoeo ainiiaea?noaa i?ae aieeaii i?e?iaeii-ee?iaoe/ieo,
ae?iaie/i-aeiiii?/ieo, nioe?ieoeueoo?ieo oaeoi??a.

Aeiaaeueiee ia?ao?aeiee noai oa?aeoa?eco? ?aeeiee i?ioean ci?i o
ianooaaao na?oiaiai ainiiaea?noaa, an??? oeea?e?caoe??. Aeiaaeuei?
ia?ao?aei? i?ioeane ? oa?aeoa?ieie aeey an??? ?noi??? ethaenoaa.

Caaaeueiei aeey an?o ia?ao?aeieo aeiiii?/ieo noaiiaeu ? oa, ui ia
ia??iae ia?aoiaeo aiie ii?aeiothoue a nia? aeaye? ?ene e aeanoeaino?
iiia?aaei?o oa iiaeo aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei. ?c anueiai ??ciiiai?ooy
aecia/aiue no/anii? ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee ie aeae?ey?ii oa, ca?aeii c
yeei oea ? i?ioean o?ainoi?iaoe?? a?ae ia?eieiaeo (o?aaeeoe?eii
nioe?ae?noe/ieo) aei ?eieiaeo oi?i ainiiaea?thaaiiy. A inoaii?e /an aeey
iicia/aiiy ia?ao?aeiiai noaio iinonioe?ae?noe/ieo e?a?i ii?yae c
iiiyooyi “o?ainoi?iaoe?y” aaeeaa?oueny oa?i?i “o?aiceoe?y”. A?i
a?aeia?aaea? ia no?eueee i?ioean ci?ie, ne?eueee nai noai, aeayeo, ua
iaaecia/aio noni?eueio nenoaio.

Ia a?aei?io a?ae ci?oaii? aeiiii?ee, ia?ao?aeia aeiiii?ea ia? iniaeea?
?ene, ye? iaoiiaeai? oa?aeoa?ii ci?i ?icaeoeo (ia i?ioeaaao oa?aeoa?o
ci?i ooieoe?iioaaiiy). Aei /enea oeeo ?en a?aeiinyoueny:
aaaaoioeeaaei?noue, iano?ee?noue, ye aioo??oiy aeanoea?noue, iniaeeaee
oa?aeoa? i?ioe??/ (oea i?ioe??//y ?icaeoeo ia i?ioeaaao i?ioe??//yi
ooieoe?iioaaiiy), aeueoa?iaoeaiee oa?aeoa? ci?i ?icaeoeo, a?aeiinia
o?eaae?noue ia?aoai?aiue oa ?i. Iniiaia nooue ia?aoai?aiue ia?ao?aeiiai
ia??iaeo iieyaa? o oi?ioaaii? iniiae iiai? aeiiii?/ii? nenoaie.

Ui noino?oueny no/anieo e?a?i c ia?ao?aeiith aeiiii?eith, oi o
a?eueoino? ?c ieo n?euenueea ainiiaea?noai ? iaei??th c iniiaieo aaeocae
iaoe?iiaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa. A na?aaeiueiio ii NIAe, iai?eeeaae, ia
eiai aeieth i?eiaaea? 12 a?aenioe?a caaaeueiiai ianyao aaeiaiai
i?iaeoeoo, o Eeoa? — 21 a?aenioie, o A’?oiai? — 29 a?aenioe?a1 Ni.
Ooa/aa E. ?acaeoea eioa?iaoeeiiaeueiuo i?ioeannia ni no?aiaie NIA a
aa?a?iii naeoi?a.//Yeiiiieno., 1997., ? 6, n.94; Aaeuea?an A. Eoaea
eae?o Eeoae?//IY e II, 1998., ? 4, n.56; Statistical data of
agriculture, forestry and fishery 1985-1995., Ha noi, SPH, 1996., p.7,
362.

. Iniaeeainoyie cae?eniaiiy ia?ao?aeiiai ia??iaeo a no/aniiio aa?a?iiio
naeoi??, ia iao iiaeyae, ? ianooii?:

— ?aoi?ie, ye? i?iaiaeyoueny, iiaeii? aoee iaaeaoe i?oeiee iiooiao aeey
aeeiai?/iiai ?icaeoeo aa?ii?iieneiaiai naeoi?o ye aaciai? aaeoc?
aeiiii?ee, iaeiae, o a?eueoino? e?a?i, ii/eiath/e c 1990 ?., a aa?inoa??
ia?inoathoue iaaaoeai? yaeua; — c?inoaiiy ae?iaieoeoaa
i?iaeoeoe??, ui iicia/eeiny o oa?ia?nueeeo ainiiaea?noaao NIAe, ia
eiiiaino? cieaeaiiy ianyao ae?iaieoeoaa o aaeeeeo i?aei?e?inoaao, ai o
caaaeueiiio ianyao aaeiai? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? i?iaeoeoe?? /anoea
oa?ia?nueeeo ainiiaea?noa iacia/ia ? eieeaa?oueny a iaaeao 1,5-10
a?aenioe?a;

— oaeoi?e cia/iiai iaae?iiy ae?iaieoeoaa iaoiiaeai? oei, ui a nai?e
a?eueoino? ?aoi?ie ia ia?aaeaa/athoue iayaiino? aea?aeaaii? iie?oeee
i?aeo?eiee aa?a?iiai naeoi?o;

— o a?eueoino? e?a?i c ia?ao?aeiith aeiiii?eith aei oeueiai /ano ia aoei
i?iaaaeaii ?aaeeeaeueiiai ?aoi?ioaaiiy caiaeueieo a?aeiinei, ui ?
aaciaei oaeoi?ii an?o o?ainoi?iaoe?eieo i?ioean?a a aa?inaeoi??.

Aa?a?ia ae?iaieoeoai a oe?eiio a na?o? ? iieioii /enoi? eiieo?aioe?? ?
ia aieno?oueny o no/anio ?eieiao aeiiii?eo. I?ioyaii OO no. oa?ia?e
noaee iniiaiith nioe?aeueiith a?oiith, ui ae?iaey? oiaa?io
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeo i?iaeoeoe?th. Oae, ?c caaaeueii? e?eueeino?
oa?i a oiiaao no/aniiai n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa NOA 87 a?aenioe?a
neeaaeathoue n?iaei? oa?ie. A?eueo?noue i?aei?e?inoa oa?ia?nueeiai oeio
i?aeiaaeathoue i?ae eaoaai??th “iaeeo” oa “na?aaei?o”.

A iniia? no/anii? n?iaeii? oa?ie eaaeeoue iaea oiaa?ia ae?iaieoeoai.
?iciaaeiaoth/e iaea oiaa?ia ae?iaieoeoai ? i?aei?e?iieoeueea,
iaoo?aeueia oa iai?aiaoo?aeueia, aaoi? aea? ianooiia aecia/aiiy n?iaeii?
oa?ie. Oa?ia iiaea iaceaaoenue n?iaeiith, eiee aiia ? aieiaiei
aeaea?aeii i?eaooeo ? i?noeai i?aoe? /eai?a n?i’? oa ea?o?oueny ieie.
N?iaeia oa?ia — iniaeeaee oei iaeiai i?aei?e?iieoeoaa. Iniaeeaino?
iieyaathoue o nioe?aeuei?e iaeo?aeueiino? ?? i?e?iaee; a iniaeeaeo
iioeaao iiaaae?iee, ye? ?aaoeththoueny i?eioeeiii o?oaeiniiaeea/iai
aaeaino; a no?eeino? ?? iieiaeaiiy a /ano oa i?inoi??.

Ii?yae c oei, o ca’yceo c oaiaeaioe??th aei ca?eueoaiiy ianooaa?a
ainiiaea?noa oa ciaioaiiy /enea caeiyoeo o n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiio
ae?iaieoeoa?, aaaaoi aeiiii?no?a oa a?iiaaenueeeo ae?y/?a e?ioey OO no.,
oaeiae, ye eieenue iai?ee?ioe? O?O no., noaa?aeaeothoue, ui n?iaeia
oa?ia ia ia? iaeaooiueiai. A on?o e?a?iao c? ci?oaiith aeiiii?eith
noaaea c?iaeaia ia aaeee?, eiieo?aioicaeaoi? ae?iaieoeoaa. Iae?
ainiiaea?noaa aeo?niythoueny. Iaa?oue a ?a?iiaenueeeo e?a?iao o a?oio
?eceeo iiiaaeathoue ainiiaea?noaa ?c ?ici??aie caieaaieiae?iiy a 40-50
aa, a Aiae?? ? a 150-200 aa. A NOA 73 a?aenioee oa?i iathoue ianya
i?iaeaaeo aei 40 oen. aeiee. ia ??e. ?o aeanieee ciooai? ii?aeioaaoe
aa?a?iee o?oae c ian?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeith ae?yeue-i?noth, a 40
a?aenioe?a oa?i c ianyaii i?iaeaaeo aei 5 oen. aeiee. ia ??e acaaae?
a?aeiinyoueny aei ?ic?yaeo aiaoi?nueeeo. A ?a?iiaenueeeo e?a?iao iaeaea
iieiaeia naeyinueeeo n?iae iiiiaiththoue na?e athaeaeao i?aoeath ca
iaaeaie naiai ainiiaea?noaa Ni. Yeiiiie/aneay oai?ey. O/aaiee aeey
aocia./Iiae ?aae. A.E. Aeia?uieia, E.N. Oa?anaae/a. – NIaAOYO, «Ieoa?
Iaaeeoeia», 1997., n.210.

.

Ana aeuaneacaia aeicaiey? aiai?eoe i?i “oa?ia?nueeo i?iaeaio” a oiiaao
?eieo. A?ae??ciythoue ei?ioeino?ieiaee oa aeiaaino?ieiaee ?? ia??iaee.
Aiae?c, yeee i?iaaaeaiee aeena?oaioii, iieacaa, ui i?iaeaia a
aeiaaino?ieiaiio ia??iae? iieyaa? o a?aenoaaaii? oe?i ia
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeo i?iaeoeoe?th a?ae oaiaeaioe?e ci?i oe?i a
aeiiii?oe? a oe?eiio, ioaea, o a?aenoaaaii? i?eaooe?a oa?ia??a a?ae
i?eaooe?a a aeiiii?oe? a oe?eiio. I?iaeaia o ei?ioeino?ieiaiio ia??iae?
iia’ycaia ?c e?aeiueith ianoaa?euei?noth oa?ia?nueeeo i?eaooe?a a ??ci?
?iee. A naiiio ae caaaeueiiio aeaeyae? oa?ia?nueea i?iaeaia iieyaa? a
oiio, ui a inoaii?e /an a ?acoeueoao? oaoi?ei-oaoiieia?/iiai i?ia?ano
c?inoaiiy iiieoo ia n?euenueeiainiiaea?nuee? i?iaeoeoe ia anoeaa? ca
c?inoaiiyi ?o i?iiiceoe??. Iaeiae oa?ia?nueea i?iaeaia, ia aeoieo
aaoi?a, ? oa?aeoa?iith eeoa aeey ?icaeiooeo e?a?i, a aeey e?a?i ?c
ia?ao?aeiith aeiiii?eith ? oa?aeoa?iei ia iaaeeeoie, a ianoa/a
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? i?iaeoeoe??. Ioaea, ooieoe?iioaaiiy aa?a?iiai
naeoi?a ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee ? iaeiai a?ciano ye iaeaaaeeea?oi? eiai
neeaaeiai? aeiaaa? iiaeaeueoiai a?oioiaiiai aiae?co.

?icae?e ?? “?icaeoie iaeiai a?ciano a aa?inoa?? ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee” ?
e?ieii aei a?eueo eiie?aoiiai aiae?co. Ooo aeine?aeaeothoueny iniiai?
oi?ie ooieoe?iioaaiiy aa?a?iiai iaeiai a?ciano a oiiaao noni?eueii?
o?aiceoe??, cae?enith?oueny aiae?c ii??aiyeueii? aoaeoeaiino? oa
ia?niaeoeaiino? iaeiai a?ciano a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa? ?in?? oa
Oe?a?ie, aeyaeythoueny iniaeeaino? ?icaeoeo iaeiai a?ciano a
n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa? A’?oiaio oa Eeoath.

Ia aeoieo aeena?oaioa, o e?a?iao c ia?ao?aeiith aeiiii?eith noia?a/ee
i?i iaiao?aei?noue aaaaoioeeaaeiino? a aa?a?iiio naeoi?? ae/a?iaee naaa.
Ii?yae c oeei, ooo ua ia neeaeiny ?aeeii? aeoiee a?aeiinii eiie?aoieo
oi?i ?? ?aae?caoe??. Aaoi? aaaaea?, ui aieiaiei e?eoa???i eeaneo?eaoe??
oi?i ainiiaea?thaaiiy a oiiaao ?eieo ia? aooe oi?ia aeaniino?, yea
iaoiiaeaia nenoaiith a?aeiinei ei?enooaaiiy, ?icii?yaeaeaiiy,
aieiae?iiy. C oe??? oi/eo ci?o an? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nuee?
i?aei?e?inoaa iiaeia ?iciiae?eeoe ia eieaeoeai? oa naeyinuee?. Noa’?eo?a
inoaii?o, a naith /a?ao, iiaeia eeaneo?eoaaoe oaeei /eiii:

— oa?ie;

— iiaea??’y;

— ?iaeea?aeoaeuei? caaoaeiaieee;

— n?euenueeiainiiaea?nuee? eiiia?aoeae;

— oaa?eiieoeuee? eiiia?aoeae;

— iaueiii-?iaeia? ainiiaea?noaa;

— anioe?aoe?? naeyi;

— ni?eee naeyi;

— ?io? oi?ie.

Aiae?c, ui i?iaaaeaiee o aeena?oaoe??, iieaco?, ui iaee?auith
i?aai?caoe?eiith oi?iith iaeiai i?aei?e?iieoeoaa a nae? ? eiiaiaeeoia
oiaa?enoai. I?e oeueiio, ii ae?th/iio a Oe?a?i? oa ?in?? caeiiiaeaanoao,
o ia?oia??a n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oiaa?enoa ? ?noioi? i?eueae. Ia
aeaeue, i?aai?caoe?y eiiaiaeeoieo oiaa?enoa o n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?
Oe?a?ie ia iaaoea oe?ieiai ?icaeoeo, ine?eueee a?aeiinii ?o noai?aiiy
Caeiiii Oe?a?ie “I?i ainiiaea?nuee? oiaa?enoaa” ia?aaeaa/ai? aeaa
iaiaaeaiiy: ia?oa — e?euee?noue aeeaaeiee?a ia iiaeiia ia?aaeuoaaoe
e?euee?noue o/aniee?a c iiaiith a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noth, ae?oaa — noia
aiane?a aeeaaeiee?a aei noaoooiiai oiiaeo ia iiaeiia ia?aaeuoaaoe noio
aiane?a o/aniee?a c iiaiith a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noth. A ?in?? iiae?ai?
iaiaaeaiiy ia no?oeoo?o eiiaiaeeoieo oiaa?enoa a?aenooi?, ? oea
iaoiiaeei noai?aiiy oaeeo oiaa?enoa a i?ioean? ?ai?aai?caoe?? NNI.

Uiaei ii??aiyeueii? aoaeoeaiino? iaeiai a?ciano a aa?a?i?e noa?? aeaio
iaea?eueoeo e?a?i NIAe — ?in?? oa Oe?a?ie, a ?iaio? iieacaii, ui
n?euenueea ainiiaea?noai oeeo aea?aeaa, ye ? aeiiii?ea a oe?eiio,
ciaoiaeeoueny a noai? aeeaiei? oa aeiaaino?ieiai? e?ece. Aeenia?eoao
oe?i ia i?iaeoeoe?th i?iieneiaino? oa n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa
neeaaea? 500 a?aenioe?a; /anoea caeoeiaeo i?aei?e?inoa ononi?eueiaiiai
naeoi?o aeinyaa? 75 a?aenioe?a o ?in?? oa 96 a?aenioe?a a Oe?a?i?;
uii?ny/ia ca?ieaoa a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa? neeaaea? iaioa iieiaeie
?? ??aiy a aeiiii?oe? a oe?eiio oa ciaoiaeeoueny ieae/a i?iaeeoeiaiai
i?i?ioio; ??cei nei?ioeeany aea?aeaaia i?aeo?eiea n?euenueeiai
ainiiaea?noaa; a Oe?a?i? ca ia??iae c 1992 ii 1996 ??. aaeiaa
i?iaeoeoe?y n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa ciaioeeany o 2,3 ?ace,
e?euee?noue ?ia?oiee?a — a 1,6 ?ace, i?iaeoeoeai?noue aa?a?ii? i?aoe? —
a 1,4 ?ace Ni. Eo?n yeiiiie/aneie oai?ee./Iiae ?aae. i?io. A.A.
Neaei?iae/a. – I.: Ecaeaoaeuenoai «AeEN», 1997. – N. 653-654.; Aoaooeeee
A. Iioaioeeaeueiua aiciiaeiinoe a ioiioaiee ?inoa i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe
o?oaea e aeioiaeiinoe a naeueneii oicyenoaa.//YO – 1998. — ? 5. – N. 61.

.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?e/ei oyaeeiai noaiiaeua aa?a?iiai naeoi?o aeiiii?ee
Oe?a?ie oa ?in?? i?iaaaeaia aeena?oaioii iieacaei, ui:

— aa?a?i? ?aoi?ie a oeeo e?a?iao ii/eiaeeny niiioaiii, aac i?aaiai?,
i?aai?caoe?eii? oa aeiiii?/ii? i?aeo?eiee, a oiiaao iiaiiai ?aii?oaaiiy
iaiao?aeiino? iinooiiaiai, iiaoaiiiai ia?aoiaeo aei ?eieo;

— i?eaaoecaoe?y aea?aeaaii? caiaeueii? aeaniino? cae?en-ith?oueny
caeaa?eueoiai oi?iaeueii;

— ieoiia aaaa n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo caiaeue, ui ciaoiaeyoueny o
aeaniino? oa?ia?nueeeo ainiiaea?noa, aeoaea iecueea (a?ae 2 aei 6
a?aenioe?a), aiie coi?iiaai? c iaeiaio i?iaeoeoeaieo caiaeue;

— i?eaaoeciaai? caie? ia caaaeaee iiaeooue aooe aeeth/ai? aei ?eieiaiai
iai?ioo.

A oiiaao i?aeoe/iiai ia?ae?/o eieeoiuei? ainiiaea?nueei? nenoaie naea
oa oe?eani?yiiaaiiai oeaio?ae?ciaaiiai cai?oaiiy oa?ia?nueeiai ?ooo,
iniiaiee oyaa? caaacia/aiiy ethaeae oa aea?aeaae n?eueainii?iaeoeoaie
i?eeiya ia naaa iaeee a?cian — naeyinuee? iiaea??’y, aai IIA. A oeueiio,
ca aeoieith aaoi?a, ? ?noi?e/ia ?ieue iaeiai a?ciano — iaea?eueo
ianiaiai oa aeeoo?caeaoiiai — a oiiaao aeiiii?/ii? o?aiceoe??
noni?euenoaa. Eiai i?ecia/aiiy a ia?ao?aei?e aeiiii?oe? iiaeia
ioa?aeoa?ecoaaoe o?iyei:

1) aea? ciiao aeaeeoe ethaeyi oa aea?aeaa? ye noni?euenoao;

2) aeicaiey? ciaioeoe ianya iaae?iiy ae?iaieoeoaa oa caeaaeeoe aino??
eooe e?ece a nioe?aueiiio ieai?. A Oe?a?i? i?iaeoeoeai?noue i?aoe? a
iiaea??’yo iaeaea a 3-4 ?ace aeua i?ae o noni?eueiiio naeoi??. A ?in?? a
1995 ?. iiaea??’y aeaee aeecueei 50 a?aenioe?a i’yna, 72 a?aenioea
iai/?a, 90 a?aenioe?a ea?oiie? a?ae caaaeueiiai ianyao ae?iaeaii?
i?iaeoeoe?? Ieeeoei A. *oi aea aeaeueoa, ainiiaeei /anoiee?
//E?anoueyiea. – 1996. — ? 5, — N. 22; Iieuaiei A., TH?/eoei A.
Nia?aiaiiue yoai oi?ie?iaaiey aa?a?iie iieeoeee: iniaaiiinoe e
i?iaeaiu.// YO. – 1997. — ? 9. – N.11;

3) ? iniiaith oa?ia?noaa.

Uiaei oa?ia?nueeiai ?ooo, oi, io?eiaaoe iiooiao aei naiai ?icaeoeo a
ia?o? ?iee ?aoi?i, ca?ac a?i, ca iaaaeeeei aeiyoeii, i?aeoe/ii
cieuaiee. Na?aaei? ?ici??e ?nioth/eo oa?i iiee ui iaaaeee?: a ?in?? — 42
aa, a Oe?a?i? — 20-25 aa. Niaoe?ae?noe aaaaeathoue, ui ia oeeo
“eeaioeeao” iaiiaeeeai na?eicii caeiaoeny n?euenueeei ainiiaea?noaii,
iiaeya, “nie?aeia oiaa?ia ae?iaieoeoai ii/eia?oueny c 500-600 aa”. Oea
oae, aea ae, ia aeoieo aaoi?a, ooo ia ana iaeiicia/ii.

C iaeiiai aieo, ca?eueoaiiy ?ici???a oa?ie aaaea aei cieaeaiiy
o?ainaeoe?eieo aeo?ao ca ?aooiie ia?aaaa niaoe?ae?caoe??. C ?ioiai aieo,
ca ?aooiie c?inoaiiy ianyao i?iaeoeoe??, ui i?aeeyaa? caooo, aeo?aoe
c?inoathoue. I?eoiio ei?enoue a?ae ?iciiae?eaiiy i?aoe? iiaea aooe
caaaeaia aei ioey c?inoaiiyi aeo?ao ae?oaiai aeaeo. Oiio oa?ia?noai ca
ei?aeiiii i?aeo?eio?oueny i?oeieie ia?aeaeueieie eiiieaenaie:
oaoiieia?/ieie, o?ainii?oieie, oaoi?/ieie, ia?a?iaieie. C?oeioaaiiy ae
noa?i? iinoa/aeueii-caooiai? eiiia?aoe?? naea a NIAe ? iaeiei c oaeoi??a
c?inoaiiy o?ainaeoe?eieo aeo?ao a no/anieo oiiaao, a ioaea, noaei
nooo?aei aaeueiii ?eieiaeo ?aoi?i aa?inoa?e.

Oea iaeei aniaeo i?iaeaie. ?ioee i?iyaey?oueny a ianooiiiio. Aiae?c
aeeiai?ee aeiiii?/ieo iieaciee?a A’?oiaio oa Eeoath ca ?iee cae?eniaiiy
?aoi?i (a?aeiia?aeii c 1987 ?. oa c 1978 ?.), i?iaaaeaiee a ?iaio?,
iieacaa, ui, ii/aaoe aeani? ?aoi?ie c ia?aoai?aiiy aa?a?iiai naeoi?o,
?ai?aai?caoe?? eieaeoeaieo ainiiaea?noa, i?aeo?eiee oa ?icaeoeo
i?eaaoii? ?i?oe?aoeae a nae?, oe? e?a?ie aeinyaee cia/ieo ?acoeueoao?a.

Oae, o 1994 ?. o caaaeuei?e no?oeoo?? n?euenueeeo aeiiiainiiaea?noa
A’?oiaio, /anoea ainiiaea?noa oa?ia?nueeiai oeio noaiiaeea 79,58
a?aenioea ia’?aeiaiue. Ca?aeii c “Caeiiii i?i caieth” naeyinueea n?i’y
(aea??), yea iaea?aeo? o ei?enooaaiiy iaae?e caie?, ia? i?aai
ae??ooaaoe: ia?iaeyoe eiai aai iinooieoeny i?aaii ei?enooaaiiy ?io?e
n?i’? ia i?aenoaa? aeiaiai?o noai?aiaee, oiio ui A’?oiai no?aaeaea? a?ae
iaeicaiaeey oa iaaeeeoeo o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a. Aea, iacaaaeath/e ia oa, ui
c 1984 ii 1994 ??. /anoea n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oa?aeue, ui
i?eoiaeeoueny ia iaeiiai iaoeaioey A’?oiaio, ciaioeeany c 0,17 aa aei
0,16 aa, ianya ae?iaieoeoaa i?iaeoeo?a oa?/oaaiiy ca?eueoeany c 18,37
iei. o. o 1986 ?. aei 28,7 iei. o. o 1997 ?., o?iaeaei?noue ?eno c?inea
c 27,8 oe/aa aei 36,4 oe/aa a?aeiia?aeii, ui aeicaieeei e?a?i? caeiyoe
ia?oa i?noea na?aae e?a?i-aenii?oa??a i?iaeiaieue/eo oiaa??a a Ac?? Ni.
Statistical data of agriculture, forestry and fishery 1985-1995, s.
363; Aeaia Ooe, Oeao Ea. Aueaoiai ia iooe e ?uieo.//Aii?inu yeiiiieee. –
1998. — ? 3. – N. 155..

Ia?aoai?aiiy a aeiiii?oe? Eeoath oaeiae ii/aeeny c aa?a?ii? ?aoi?ie (o
eeoaenueeiio nae? iaoea? ca?ac 80 a?aenioe?a c 1,2 i?euey?aeiiai
ianaeaiiy e?a?ie), a inoaiiy ii/aeany c ai?iaaaeaeaiiy n?iaeiiai
i?ae?yaeo. Iacaaaeath/e ia aeao?oeeo i?ieo caiaeue (ia iaeiiai iaoeaioey
EI? i?eiaaea? 0,09 aa ??ee?, ui neeaaea? 28 a?ae na?aaeiueina?oiaiai
??aiy — 0,28 aa, a ii e?a?iai NIAe — 0,8 aa), ia?aianaeai?noue oa
iai?aiaoo?aeuei? iaoiaee ainiiaea?thaaiiy ia nae?, aaea ca ia?o? 5 ?ie?a
?aoi?i a aa?inoa?? Eeoath ia 1/3 ca?eueoeany ca?? i?iaeiaieue/eo
eoeueoo? oa a?eueo i?ae aaea?/? c?inee i?eaooee naeyi. A?aeiia?aeii
iie?ioeeiny caaacia/aiiy i?nueeiai ianaeaiiy i?iaeiaieue/eie oiaa?aie, a
i?iieneiaino? — n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeith ne?iaeiith. Ioe?ithth/e
i?aenoiee aa?a?ieo ia?aoai?aiue o A’?oiai? oa Eeoa?, aaoi? a?aecia/a?,
ui ?aoi?ie ciaeoee ue?o, oaeoe/ii anaia?iaeio i?aeo?eieo “cieco”. Aenie?
oaiie c?inoaiiy AII i?ioyaii aaaaoueio ?ie?a (o A’?oiai? — 8 a?aenioe?a
ui??/ii), no?oeoo?i? ci?ie aeiiii?ee, c?inoaiiy ?aaeueieo aeioiae?a ia
aeooo ianaeaiiy (a Eeoa? — 7 a?aenioe?a ui??/ii), aeoi? c ?ioeie
aeinyaiaiiyie aeicaieeee Eeoath oa?eoe aei neeaaeo iiaeo
?iaeono??aeueieo e?a?i o?aouei? oaee?, a A’?oiaio c?iaeoe na?eicio
cayaeo ia ?ieue “ac?aonueeiai oea?a” /aoaa?oi? oaee?. An?ia oeeie
oni?oaie, ia aeoieo aeena?oaioa, aeiiii?ea aeacaieo e?a?i ciaia’ycaia
iaeiio a?ciano, n?euenueeiio i?eaaoiiio ainiiaea?noao. A ?ici??e
naeyinueeeo iaae?e?a o Eeoa? oa A’?oiai? (a?ae 9 aei 30 nioie) eoaee
iaio?, i?ae iaae?ee ?in?enueeeo oa?ia??a oa iiaea??ue.

A caeeth/aii? i?aeaiaeyoueny i?aenoiee i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy,
ocaaaeueiaii aeeeaaeathoueny ?acoeueoaoe, oai?aoe/i? aeniiaee oa
iiaeeea? iai?yiee ?o aeei?enoaiiy.

AENIIAEE

Ia i?aenoaa? i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeai iaeiai a?ciano a
aa?inoa?? aeiiii?ee ia?ao?aeiiai oeio c?iaeai? oae? aeniiaee ?
cai?iiiiiaai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??:

1. I?eaaoia naeyinueea ainiiaea?noai a oiiaao ?eieo neeaaea? iniiao
aaeeeiai n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa. A oiiaao aeiiii?/ii?
o?aiceoe?? eiai ?ieue ua cia/i?oa, ai aiii iieeeeaii coi?ioaaoe ?eieiaa
na?aaeiaeua a nai?e aa?inoa??. Ii?yae c oeei, i?ioean noai?aiiy
oa?ia?nueeeo ainiiaea?noa o e?a?iao c ia?ao?aeiith aeiiii?eith i?io?ea?
c o?oaeiiuaie. Oae, a Oe?a?i? oa ?in?? noai?aiiy naeyinueeeo
ainiiaea?noa iiaea cae?enithaaoeny oeyoii aeoiaeo c IIA c a?aeiia?aeieie
iaeiiaeie oa caiaeueieie iayie. Aei oiai oi?ioaaiiy aeaniino? i?eaaoiiai
ainiiaea?noaa iiaeiii cae?enithaaoeny ca ?aooiie a?ae?aooaaiiy /anoee
eioo?a c aaeiaiai i?eaooeo aioo??oiueiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aiaeieo
eieaeoea?a o oiiae ?icaeoeo ?o ae?iaieoeoaa. Ia i?aeoeoe? ae /anoi
iaiao?aeieo eioo?a ia noai?aiiy oiiae?a ia aenoa/a?. ?ici?? /anoee
naeyieia o noai?ai?e eieaeoeaii aeaniino? aeoaea iacia/iee, a?eueo ca
oa, ?? /anoi iiaeia acyoe o?eueee a a?ioia?e, a ia a iaoo?aeuei?e oi?i?.

2. ?niothoue o?oaeiiu? c iaae?eaiiyi naeyinueeeo ainiiaea?noa caieath.
Oae, na?aaeiy ii?ia iaaeaiiy aaceiooiaiiai iaae?eo a Oe?a?i? neeaaea?
20-25 aa, i?i?iaeueia — 5 aa, a?aie/ia -50 aa. A?aoiaoth/e aaeee?
?ici??e aioo??oiueiainiiaea?nueeeo i?ae?icae?e?a, a oaeiae
niaoe?ae?caoe?th ae?iaieoeoaa, ui neeaeany, oaei? ieiu? yaii
iaaeinoaoiuei aeey aoaeoeaiiai aaaeaiiy ae?ea. A ?acoeueoao? a?eueo?noue
naeyinueeeo ainiiaea?noa aeiooai? i?aiaeoaaoe cia/io e?euee?noue caie?
oa ?ioeo cania?a ae?iaieoeoaa, aiiny/e a i?aiaeo ca iaiiaeeea?noth aanoe
aeania ae?ei ia oae?e ae?eyioe?.

3. A?aoiaoth/e iio??eio ?ieue IIA a ia??iae aeiiii?/ii? o?aiceoe??,
aea?aeaaa iiaeiia anaa?/ii ni?eyoe iiaea?i?caoe?? naeyinueeeo iiaea??ue,
aeiiiiaaath/e ci?i? ?o ooieoe?e, ia?iuoth/e a ieo oaiaeaioe?? oiaa?iino?
c iaoith ?icaeoeo i?aei?e?iieoeueeeo cae?aiinoae ethaeae. Aeey
noeioethaaiiy ?icaeoeo oeeo ainiiaea?noa aaaeeeai ae??oeoe oae? ieoaiiy,
ye iaaeaiiy naeyinueeei n?i’yi e?aaeeo?a oa aaain?a, noai?aiiy
e?aaeeoieo ni?eie, ioiieaiiy oeueiai naeoi?o nenoaiith no?aooaaiiy.

4. Ine?eueee, aoaeoeai?noue aeiiii?/ieo ?aoi?i a aa?inoa?? i?yii
i?iii?oe?eii caeaaeeoue a?ae nei?i/aiiy o?ainaeoe?eieo aeo?ao noa’?eoaie
iaeiai a?ciano, aea?aeaai? no?oeoo?e oi?aae?iiy iiaeii? anaa?/ii ni?eyoe
?icaeoeo iinoa/aeueii-caooiai? eiiia?aoe?? oa noa?e iineoa ia nae?. C
iaoith ca?eueoaiiy aeioneo iaeiaaaa?eoii? oaoi?ee iaiao?aeii ae??oeoe
ieoaiiy i?i ?icoe?aiiy ?? ae?iaieoeoaa a e?a?i?, ?icaeaaoe
i?aai?caoe?ei? oi?ie ?? aeei?enoaiiy, noai?eaoe oe?ieo ia?aaeo ioieo?a
i?ieaoo oa na?a?ni? neoaeae. C iaoith iaaeaiiy iineoa naeyinueeei
ainiiaea?noaai iiaeiii noeioethaaoeny noai?aiiy aa?io?i?/ieo,
aaoa?eia?ieo, naeaeoe?eii-ieaiaiieo o??i, caooiaeo i?aai?caoe?e oa
eiiia?aoea?a.

5. Aea?aeaaa iiaeiia aeoeaii ni?eyoe ?icaeoeo nioe?aeueii?
?io?ano?oeoo?e ia nae? ca i?eioeeiii ni?eueieo coneeue aea?aeaae oa
ia?iaeo. Oea noino?oueny aoae?aieoeoaa oe?e, e?ea?aiue, oeyo?a,
aeaeo?iia?aae oa aaciiinoa/aiiy, ca’yceo, caeeaae?a eoeueoo?e.

6. I?aaie aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy A’?oiaio iiaeii? a?aoiaoaaoe a nai?e
ae?yeueiino? ianooii? i?iaeaie no/aniiai aa?a?iiai naeoi?o e?a?ie.
Ii-ia?oa, iecueeee ??aaiue iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ii? aace n?euenueeiai
ainiiaea?noaa acaaae? oa naeyinueeeo iiaea??ue cie?aia, aeeeeea? aaeee?
i?aoeaaeo?aoe oa cieaeo? caoe?eaaeai?noue ianaeaiiy a i?aai?caoe??
i?enaaeeaiiai ainiiaea?noaa. Ii-ae?oaa, c??aiyeueiee ?iciiae?e caie?
(“ca ?aeieaie”) a naeyinueeeo ainiiaea?noaao, c iaeiiai aieo, ni?ey?
eiina?aaoe?? ae??aiioiaa?iiai iai?aiaoo?aeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa,
iioaioe?ei? iiaeeeaino? yeiai aeei?enoiaothoueny aeaeaei ia a iiai?e
i???. C ?ioiai aieo, a oiiaao, eiee an? caniae ae?iaieoeoaa ia?aeoee aei
i?eaaoii? aeaniino?, a caiey caeeoa?oueny iaoe?iiae?ciaaiith,
c??aiyeueiee ?iciiae?e caie? ia ?yoo? iaea?aei?oa naeyinoai a?ae
coaiae?iiy, oiio ui ?ioaineaia aaaeaiiy n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa
aeiaaa? cia/ieo eai?oaeiaeeaaeaiue, yeeo iaia? o oeeo naeyi.

Oaeei /eiii, iiaeieaiiy cia/iiai niaaeo ae?iaieoeoaa a aa?a?iiio naeoi??
aeiiii?ee a ia?ao?aeiee ia??iae aaoi? iia’yco? c ?ic?iaeith. oa
iine?aeiaiith ?aae?caoe??th aea?aeaaii? iie?oeee i?aeo?eiee iaeiai
a?ciano a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?.

Nienie i?aoeue, iioae?eiaaieo ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??.

1. *ai *oia *e Oeao. ?acaeoea e?anoueyineiai oicyenoaa eae oaeoi?
yeiiiie/aneiai ?inoa a ia?eiae ia?aoiaea e ?uieo// Aanoiee Oa?ueeianeiai
ainoaea?noaaiiiai oieaa?neoaoa, ?404. -Oa?ueeia: OAO, 1998.- N.204-207.

2. *ai *oia *e Oeao. Iaeeia i?iecaiaenoai eae nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneay
i?aaiecaoeey iauanoaaiiiai i?iecaiaenoaa //?eieiaa o?ainoi?iaoe?y
aeiiii?ee. Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue Oa?e?anueeiai ?inoeoooo a?ciano ?
iaiaaeaeiaioo. — Aei.3 — Oa?e?a: Iniiaa, 1998. — N.106-115.

3. *ai *oia *e Oeao. ?ieue e ianoi iaeiai aeciana a ?aoi?ie?iaaiee
aa?a?iie noa?u N?A i?e ia?aoiaea e ?uieo// A?niee Oa?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo, Aeiiii?/ia na??y — ?436. — Oa?e?a: OAeO,
1999. — N.150-157.

4. *ai *oia *e Oeao. Iaeue aecian a aa?a?iie noa?a (Iniaaiiinoe
oi?ie?iaaiey e oeiainiaua i?iaeaiu ?acaeoey)//Aecian Eioi?i. — 1998. —
?20 — N.37-40.

5. Othothiieeiaa N.A., *ai *oia *e Oeao. Oeiainiaua i?iaeaiu
noaiiaeaiey e ?acaeoey iaeiai aeciana a aa?a?iii naeoi?a// I?iaeaie ?
ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo aaie?anueei? nenoaie Oe?a?ie. Ca??iee iaoeiaeo
i?aoeue. — Noie: Neiaiaeaiueia: ?i?oe?aoeaa, 1999. — N.243-248.

AIIOAOe?ss

*ai *oia *e Oi?o. “Iaeee aician a aa?a?iie noa?i ia?aoiaeii?
aeiiii?ee”.- ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 08.01.01. — aeiiii?/ia oai??y.- Oa?e?anueeee
aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao, Oa?e?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia aaaeeeaei, iaaeinoaoiuei ?ic?iaeaiei ieoaiiyi
oai??? oa i?aeoeee ooieoe?iioaaiiy iaeiai a?ciano a aa?a?iiio naeoi??
aeiiii?ee i?e ia?aoiae? aei ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei. A aeena?oaoe??
iaa?oioiaaia ?ieue iaeiai a?ciano a aa?inoa?? a ia??iae aeiiii?/ii?
o?aiceoe??, ?ic?iaeai? iaoeia? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? aea?aeaaii? i?aeo?eiee
naeyinueeiai, oa?ia?nueeiai ainiiaea?noaa. ?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaiiai a
?iaio? ii??aiyeueiiai aiae?co aoaeoeaiino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy iaeiai
a?ciano a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa? Oe?a?ie, ?in??, A’?oiaio oa Eeoath
iaa?oioiaai? oai?aoe/ii oa i?aeoaa?aeaeai? i?aeoe/ii.

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ciaeoee canoinoaaiiy a iaa/aeueiiio
i?ioean? oa ioae?/iiio iaaiai?aii? i?iaeai ooieoe?iioaaiiy iaeiai
a?ciano a aa?inoa?? aeiiii?ee.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: naeyinueea ainiiaea?noai, oa?ia, oa?ia?nueea i?iaeaia,
aa?a?ia ae?iaieoeoai, aea?aeaaia i?aeo?eiea iaeiai a?ciano a aa?inoa??.

AIIIOAOeEss.

*ai *oia *e Oeao. Iaeue aecian a aa?a?iie noa?a ia?aoiaeiie yeiiiieee. –
?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa yeiiiie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.01.01. – yeiiiie/aneay oai?ey. – Oa?ueeianeee
ainoaea?noaaiiue oieaa?neoao, Oa?ueeia, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aaaeiui, iaaeinoaoi/ii ?ac?aaioaiiui aii?inai
oai?ee e i?aeoeee ooieoeeiie?iaaiey iaeiai aeciana a aa?a?iii naeoi?a
yeiiiieee i?e ia?aoiaea e ?uii/iui ioiioaieyi. Iniaaiiinoyie
inouanoaeaiey ia?aoiaeiiai ia?eiaea a nia?aiaiiii aa?a?iii naeoi?a
yeiiiieee, yaeythony, ai-ia?auo, iniaaiiinoe naeueneioicyenoaaiiiai
i?iecaiaenoaa eae io?anee, aaea oanii acaeiinaycaiu aeieiae/aneea,
nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneea i?ioeannu, a oaeaea iaoeeiiaeueii-eoeueoo?iua
o?aaeeoeee; ai-aoi?uo, aa?a?iua ?aoi?iu ia/aeenue aac /aoei au?aaioaiiie
aa?a?iie iieeoeee (ionoonoaea i?aaiaie aacu i?aaeaea anaai ii ioiioaieth
e aii?ino nianoaaiiinoe ia caieth); a-o?aoueeo, e?aeiinoe a ?aoi?ia
(iieiinoueth ?ac?ooaiu noa?ua yeiiiie/aneea nayce, a iiaua ia
noi?ie?iaaiu eee ia iiaoo oi?ie?iaaoueny); a-/aoaa?ouo, aeey
i?aiaeieaiey e?ecena e iiaeuaia i?iecaiaenoaa iaiaoiaeeia iiuiay e
eiiieaeniay ainoaea?noaaiiay i?ia?aiia iiaeaea?aeee noauaeoia naeueneiai
oicyenoaa, i?aaeaea anaai e?anoueyineeo oicyenoa.Iniiaie aa?a?iie
?aoi?iu a ia?aoiaeiue ia?eiae aeieaeiu noaoue nicaeaiea e iiuiay
ainoaea?noaaiiay iiaeaea?aeea ?acee/iuo oi?i nianoaaiiinoe e
oicyenoaaiiuo oeeaaeia. I?e yoii ?aoathuoth ?ieue a aic?iaeaeaiee naea
i?ecaai nua?aoue iaeue e?anoueyineee aecian. A aeenna?oaoeee iainiiaaia
?ieue iaeiai aeciana a aa?inoa?a a ia?eiae yeiiiie/aneie o?aiceoeee e
?uieo. Oi?iu ooieoeeiie?iaaiey iaeiai aeciana a naeueneii oicyenoaa
iiiaiia?aciu: iaeua eieeaeoeaiua, /anoiua oicyenoaa, naiaeiay oa?ia,
ee/iia iiaeniaiia oicyenoai e o.ae. Iaeiaei a eo yeiiiie/aneie iniiaa
eaaeeo i?inoia iaeeioiaa?iia i?iecaiaenoai. A aeenna?oaoeee aeaiu
ea/anoaaiiua e eiee/anoaaiiua e?eoa?ee ii?aaeaeaiey iaeiai aeciana a
aa?a?iii i?iecaiaenoaa. ?aca?aie/eaay iaeeioiaa?iia i?iecaiaenoai e
i?aaei?eieiaoaeueneia, iaoo?aeueiia e iieoiaoo?aeueiia, aaoi? aeae
neaaeothuaa ii?aaeaeaiea naiaeiie oa?iu. Oa?ia iacuaaaony naiaeiie, anee
iia neoaeeo aeaaiui enoi/ieeii aeioiaeia e ianoii ?aaiou /eaiia naiuee e
oi?aaeyaony eie. Naiaeiay oa?ia – iniaue oei iaeiai
i?aaei?eieiaoaeuenoaa. Iniaaiiinoe caeeth/athony a nioeeaeueiie
iaeo?aeueiinoe a? i?e?iaeu; a iniauo iioeaao iiaaaeaiey, ?aaoee?othueony
i?eioeeiii o?oaeiiio?aaeoaeueneiai aaeaina; a onoie/eainoe a? iieiaeaiey
ai a?aiaie e i?ino?ainoaa. I?ei?eoao oie eee eiie oi?iu iaeiai aeciana a
aa?ino?a ii?aaeaeyaony iniaaiiinoyie iaoeeiiaeueiie yeiiiieee e
iaoeeiiaeueiuie o?aaeeoeeyie. Ia iniiaa n?aaieoaeueiiai aiaeeca
yooaeoeaiinoe ooieoeeiie?iaaiey ?aciuo oi?i iaeiai aeciana auee auyaeaiu
iaeaieaa ia?niaeoeaiua iai?aaeaiey aai ?acaeoey. A ?innee, ia Oe?aeia
yoi eiiiaiaeeoiua iauanoaa, aeey Aueaoiaia, Eeoay — e?anoueyineea
naiaeiua aeai?u eee iaeua eo eiiia?aoeee. ?acoeueoaou i?iaaaeaiiiai a
?aaioa n?aaieoaeueiiai aiaeeca yooaeoeaiinoe ooieoeeiie?iaaiey iaeiai
aeciana a naeueneii oicyenoaa Oe?aeiu, ?innee, Aueaoiaia e Eeoay
iainiiaaiu oai?aoe/anee e iiaeoaa?aeaeaiu i?aeoe/anee. Iniaia aieiaiea
auei oaeaeaii ee/iiio iiaeniaiiio oicyenoao. Ii iiaieth aaoi?a, aai
?ieue a ia?aoiaeiue e ?uieo ia?eiae caeeth/aaony a: 1) aeaoue
nio?aieoueny ethaeyi e ainoaea?noao eae iauiinoe, iaania/eoue auaeeaaiea
iaoeee; 2)oiaiueoeoue iauaiu iaaeaiey i?iecaiaenoaa e naeaaeeoue ino?ua
oaeu e?ecena; 3)auoue eieuaaeueth oa?ia?noaa.

I?e enneaaeiaaiee i?iaeai noaiiaeaiey e ?acaeoey ?acee/iuo oi?i iaeiai
aeciana a naeueneii oicyenoaa aaoi? ?anniao?eaae «oa?ia?neoth i?iaeaio»
a oneiaeyo ?uiea eae iauoth i?iaeaio aeey anae aa?inoa?u. ?acee/atho
e?aoein?i/iue e aeieain?i/iue a? ia?eiaeu. I?iaeaia a aeieaia?aiaiiii
ia?eiaea ninoieo a ionoaaaiee oeai ia naeueneioicyenoaaiioth
i?iaeoeoeeth io oaiaeaioeee eciaiaiey oeai a oeaeii, neaaeiaaoaeueii, a
ionoaaaiee aeioiaeia oa?ia?ia io aeioiaeia a yeiiiieea a oeaeii.
I?iaeaia a e?aoein?i/iii ia?eiaea naycaia n e?aeiae ianoaaeeueiinoueth
oa?ia?neeo aeioiaeia a ?acee/iua aiaeu. A naiii aea iauai aeaea
oa?ia?neay i?iaeaia caeeth/aaony a oii, /oi a iineaaeiaa a?aiy a
?acoeueoaoa oaoieei-oaoiieiae/aneiai i?ioeanna oaaee/aiea ni?ina ia
naeueneioicyenoaaiiua i?iaeoeou ieacaeinue ia a ninoiyiee iiniaaaoue ca
?inoii eo i?aaeeiaeaiey. Ianiio?y ia oi, /oi oa?ia?neay i?iaeaia
oa?aeoa?ia aeey ?acaeouo no?ai, a aeey no?ai n ia?aoiaeiie yeiiiieeie
oa?aeoa?ai ia eceeoae, a iaaeinoaoie naeueneioicyenoaaiiie i?iaeoeoeee,
iia yaeyaony iaeiie ec ino?aeoeo i?iaeai. A ?aaioa auee i?aaeeiaeaiu
iaeioi?ua iooe niya/aiey aeaiiie i?iaeaiu. A nayce n yoei a
aeenna?oaoeee ?ac?aaioaiu iao/iua ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ainoaea?noaaiiie
iiaeaea?aeee e?anoueyineiai, oa?ia?neiai oicyenoaa aeey oniaoiie
aa?a?iie ?aoi?iu a ia?aoiaeiie e ?uii/iui ioiioaieyi yeiiiieea. A
eiiieaen ainoaea?noaaiiuo ia?ii?eyoee aeieaeiu aoiaeeoue: ai-ia?auo,
nicaeaiea i?aaiaie aacu (i?aaeaea anaai aii?in i nianoaaiiinoe ia
caieth) aeey e?anoueyi; ai-aoi?uo, ?ac?aaioea oeiainiaie iieeoeee,
i?eaioe?iaaiiie ia iiaeaea?aeeo e?anoueyineeo oicyenoa naiaeiuo oa?i
(eueaioiay e?aaeeoiay e iaeiaiaay nenoaia, oeaiiaay iieeoeea). Iaeue
aecian, a eioi?ii ee/iue eioa?an e eieoeeaoeau naieo i?iecaiaeeoaeae,
aoaeue yoi e?anoueyineea, oa?ia?neea oicyenoaa eee iaeua eiiia?aoeeiiiua
oi?iu, eiaao ia?iiiue iioaioeeae ?acaeoey. I?e ia?aoiaea e ?uieo yoi
aaaeouay neea i?aia?aciaaiey aa?a?iie noa?u, iicaieeaoay ia oieueei
ecaaaeaoue e?ecena, ii e aeinoe/ue a io?anee onoie/eaiai yeiiiie/aneiai
?inoa.

Iniiaiua ?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiey iaoee nai? i?eiaiaiea a o/aaiii
i?ioeanna e ioaee/iii ianoaeaeaiee i?iaeai ooieoeeiie?iaaiey iaeiai
aeciana a aa?a?iii naeoi?a yeiiiieee.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: iaeue aecian, e?anoueyineia oicyenoai, oa?ia?neay
i?iaeaia, naeueneia oicyenoai, ainoaea?noaaiiay iiaeaea?aeea iaeiai
aeciana.

SUMMARY

Tran Trung Chi Hieu. Small Business in The Agrarian Sphere of Transition
Economy — Manuscript.

Dissertation for a Candidate degree in Economic Sciences of the
speciality 08.01.01 — Economic Theory. Kharkov State University,
Kharkov, 1999.

The Dissertation is dedicated to problem of Small Business functioning
in the agrarian field of economic in the transition to the market. In
the Dissertation the role of small business in agrosphere is
reasonable. The scientific recommendations of state support to peasant
household, farm are developed. The results of the comparative analysis
of efficiency of functioning of Small Business in an agriculture of
Ukraine, Russia, Vietnam and China are reasonable theoretically and are
confirmed practically.

The basic results of research have found the application in educational
process and public discussion of problems of functioning of small
business in agrarian sector of economy.

Key words: small business, peasant household, farmer’s problem,
agriculture, state support to small business in agrosphere.

A?aeiia?aeaeueiee ca aeione: e.a.i., aeioeaio Othothiieeiaa N.A.

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo “14” o?aaiy 1999 ?. Oi?iao 60o84 1/16. Iai??
ae?oea?nueeee ?1. Iae.-aeae.a?e. 1,0. Oe?aae 100 i?ei??iee?a. Cai.____

?ecia?ao OAeO. 310002, i.Oa?e?a, aoe. Ie?iiineoeueea, 1.

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