IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE

?INOEOOO OE?A?INUeEI? A?OAIA?AO?? OA AeAEA?AEICIAANOAA ?i.
I.N.A?OOAANUeEIAI

AIOEI OAOssIA AeIEO??AIA

OAeE 930.1](477+438)+940.1/2(4)

IAAAeAAO?CUeEA I?AAI

OeAIO?AEUeII-NO?AeII? ?A?IIE XIII-XVIII NO.

A OE?A?INUeE?E OA IIEUeNUeE?E ?NOI??IA?AO??

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 07.00.06 — ?noi??ia?ao?y,

aeaea?aeiciaanoai oa niaoe?aeuei? ?noi?e/i? aeenoeeie?ie

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa ?noi?e/ieo iaoe

Ee?a-1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia o Euea?anueeiio a?aeae?eaii? ?inoeoooo oe?a?inueei?
a?oaia?ao?? oa aeaea?aeiciaanoaa ?i. I.N.A?ooaanueeiai IAI Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:aeieoi? ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

AeAOEAAE* ss?ineaa ?iiaiiae/,

canooiiee aee?aeoi?a ?inoeoooo oe?a?inueei? a?oaia?ao?? oa
aeaea?aeiciaanoaa ?i. I.N.A?ooaanueeiai IAI Oe?a?ie, ea??aiee
Euea?anueeiai a?aeae?eaiiy.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:aeieoi? ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

CAOE?EUeIssE Eaii?ae Iiaianiae/,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e ?noi??? neia’yinueeeo e?a?i Euea?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? ?aaia O?aiea;

eaiaeeaeao ?noi?e/ieo iaoe

NAN Iao?i Ieoaeeiae/,

noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee a?aeae?eo ?noi??? Oe?a?ie na?aaei?o a?e?a
?inoeoooo ?noi??? Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: ?inoeooo oe?a?iiciaanoaa ?i. ?.E?ei’yeaae/a IAI
Oe?a?ie, a?aeae?e ?noi??? na?aaei?o a?e?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 25 ethoiai 1999 ?ieo ia 11 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.228.01 i?e ?inoeooo? oe?a?inueei?
a?oaia?ao?? oa aeaea?aeiciaanoaa ?i. I.N.A?ooaanueeiai IAI Oe?a?ie
(252001, i. Ee?a-1, aoe. O?ueionayoeoaeuenueea, 4).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo
oe?a?inueei? a?oaia?ao?? oa aeaea?aeiciaanoaa ?i. I.N.A?ooaanueeiai IAI
Oe?a?ie.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 23 n?/iy 1999 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
Aa?aa ?.A.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. ?ieue i?nueeiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy ca iaaaeaao?cueeei
i?aaii ? iaei??th c iaeaeeneon?ei?oeo i?iaeai o ?noi???
Oeaio?aeueii-No?aeii? ?a?iie. *e i?iaoeueea i?aai i?aai?/ii ceeeinue c
i?noeaaith o?aaeeoe??th, /e caeeoeeinue /oaei??aeiei aeaiaioii? *e aoei
aiii ?oo?eiith neeith, /e aaeueiii o ?noi?e/iiio ?icaeoeo i?no? ?noi?eee
aein? ii ??ciiio a?aeiia?aeathoue ia oe? caieoaiiy. Aac aeine?aeaeaiiy
cacia/aii? i?iaeaie iaiiaeeeai ?ic?a?aoeny a iecoe? ?ioeo ieoaiue
?noi??? i?ciueiai na?aaeiueia?//y, aaeaea i?nueea naiia?yaeoaaiiy
cia/iith i??ith aecia/aei ?icaeoie ?aianea, oi?a?ae?, ooieoe?iioaaiiy
?ae?a?eieo eoeueo?a, aeeooy iaoe?iiaeueieo a?iiaae oiui.

C?inoath/a iana aeine?aeaeaiue iio?aao? ia??iaee/ieo ?noi??ia?ao?/ieo
iaeyae?a. Iaeiae iaaeaaiue iaei??? iaoe?iiaeueii? ?noi?e/ii? oeiee
oaia?, eiee iaoa iaoea noa? a?aee?eo?oith aeey ciai?oiueiai na?oo,
caiaei. Aeooaeueiei caaaeaiiyi ? aeeth/aiiy oe?a?inueei? ?noi??ia?ao?? o
?a?iiaenueeee ? na?oiaee eiioaeno. Ui noino?oueny i?iaeaie
iaaaeaao?cueeiai i?aaa, oeaio?ii ?? aeine?aeaeaiiy, ai/aaeaeue, ?
I?ia//eia, iniaeeai uiaei nooi oai?aoe/ieo ieoaiue. Iaeia/a aeey
oe?a?inueei? ?noi?e/ii? iaoee aaaeeea?oee aiae?c aei?iaeo iieuenueeeo
o/aieo, ine?eueee aiie, ye ? oe?a?inuee? aeine?aeieee, i?aoethaaee
i?aeoe/ii eeoa c i?noeaaei iaoa??aeii. Ii??aiyiiy aeinyaiaiue oeeo aeaio
?noi??ia?ao?e iaaaeaao?cueeiai i?aaa ia? ia?oi/a?aiaa cia/aiiy
ianaiia?aae aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy oe?a?inueei? ?noi???.

Aaoi? oaeiae caa?oa? oaaao ia oae? noi?iie ?noi??ia?ao?/iiai i?ioeano,
ye: ?noi??ia?ao?/ia o?aaeeoe?y, ?noi??ia?ao?/i? i?oe oa oia?aaeaeaiiy,
?noi??ia?ao?/i? aeaoi?iaoe?? oa noa?aioeie. ? a Oe?a?i?, ? a Iieueu?
?noi??ia?ao?y aeoeaii aeei?enoiaoaaeanue ia eeoa a nooi iaoeiaeo, a e a
?aeaieia?/ieo oe?eyo — ye oaeoi? oi?ioaaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii? na?aeiiino?
aai aeey iaa?oiooaaiiy iaaieo iie?oe/ieo aeieo?ei. Oea iiaiith i??ith
noino?oueny e ?noi??ia?ao?? i?iaeaie iaaaeaao?cueeiai i?aaa. Iio?aaa ??
aea/aiiy oa ia?ainieneaiiy aeeeoo?oueny oaeiae iaiao?aei?noth iiaeieaiiy
?aeaieia?/ieo iaoa?oaaiue.

Aaaeeeaeie ? neaai ?ic?iaeaieie ?noi??ia?ao?/ieie iiiyooyie, ye?
iio?aaothoue iniaeeai? oaaae ia no/aniiio aoai?, ? iiiyooy
?noi??ia?ao?/ieo iaoeiaeo oeaio??a oa ?noi?e/ieo oe?e. Iaiao?aeii ia
i?inoi aecia/eoe ?o nooue, i?eeiaoe, iciaee, a e i?inoaaeeoe ?o
?noi?e/iee ?icaeoie, ?ieue o aaia?aoe?? iaoeiaeo ?aeae, oi?ioaaii?
iaaiiai oeio ?noi?e/iiai ieneaiiy, ia?aaea/? oa ni?eeiyooy ?noi?e/ieo
?aae?e oa i?aeoiae?a, ?noi?e/ieo oa ?noi??ia?ao?/ieo noee?a. I?iaeaia
iaaaeaao?cueeiai i?aaa a Oeaio?aeueii-No?aei?e ?a?ii? aeia?a iaaea?oueny
aeey ae??oaiiy oeueiai caaaeaiiy.

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? eiiieaen ?noi??ia?ao?/ieo aeaea?ae, ui
aeeth/a? i?aoe? iieuenueeeo oa oe?a?inueeeo ?noi?ee?a c i?iaeaie
iaaaeaao?cueeiai i?aaa, a oaeiae oe?a?inuee? oa iieuenuee? iaoeia?
oeaio?e e ina?aaeee, ?noi?e/i? oeiee, ye? caeiaeeny aeine?aeaeaiiyi
icia/aii? i?iaeaiaoeee.

I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ?ic?iaea i?iaeaie iaaaeaao?cueeiai i?aaa a
Oeaio?aeueii-No?aei?e ?a?ii? XIII-XVIII no. a oe?a?inuee?e oa
iieuenuee?e ?noi??ia?ao??.

Aaia?ao?/i? iaae?. ?icaeyaea?oueny ?noi??ia?ao?y iaaaeaao?cueeiai i?aaa
a Oeaio?aeueii-No?aei?e ?a?ii?, oiaoi ia oa?eoi??? eieeoi?o Ei?ie?anoaa
Iieuenueeiai ? Aaeeeiai eiyc?anoaa Eeoianueeiai (caiaeii ?a/? Iiniieeoi?
oa Aaoueiaiueie).

O?iiieia?/i? ?aiee aeine?aeaeaiiy ioiieththoue ia??iae a?ae ca?iaeaeaiiy
iaoeiai? ?noi??ia?ao?? i?iaeaie (iaaea XVIII ? XIX no.) aei iaoeo aei?a
?c aeneo?nii o ia?aae?noi??th aea/aiiy ieoaiiy. ?icaeyiooi
aeine?aeaeaiiy iaaaeaao?cueeiai i?aaa a?ae ia?oeo eiai i?iya?a o
Oeaio?aeueii-No?aei?e ?a?ii? a XIII no. aei caiaiaaeo i?nueeiai
naiia?yaeoaaiiy ia i?iaoeueeiio i?aa? i?ney iiae?e?a Iieueu? oa
e?ea?aeaoe?? Aaoueiaiueie iai?ee?ioe? XVIII no.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. A?aoiaoth/e iaaeinoaoith aea/ai?noue
i?iaeaie, aaoi? ?iaeoue ni?iao aeaoe ii iiaeeeaino? iiaio e oe?e?nio
ea?oeio ?icaeoeo iieuenueei? oa oe?a?inueei? ?noi??ia?ao??
iaaaeaao?cueeiai i?aaa a Oeaio?aeueii-No?aei?e ?a?ii? XIII-XVIII no.
Aeey aeinyaiaiiy oe??? iaoe iaiao?aeii aeeiiaoe ianooii? caaaeaiiy:

· i?iaiae?coaaoe ni?euei? ?ene oa iniaeeaino? oe?a?inueei? oa
iieuenueei? ?noi??ia?ao?? i?iaeaie;

· iieacaoe iiceoeai? e iaaaoeai? noi?iie aei?iaeo iieuenueeeo oa
oe?a?inueeeo ?noi?ee?a;

· c’ynoaaoe nooi?iue aea/aiino? ie?aieo aniaeo?a i?iaeaie;

· ie?aneeoe iioaioe?ei? iai?yiee iiaeaeueoeo aeine?aeaeaiue.

Oai?aoe/i? canaaee ? iaoiaee. Eiioeaiooaeuei? canaaee aeena?oaoe??
a?oioothoueny ia eiie?aoiiio aiae?c? ?noi??ia?ao?/ieo oaiiiai?a,
ia’?eoeaii-noa’?eoeaiiio i?aeoiae? aei ?noi??? ?noi?e/ii? aeoiee, eio?a
?icaeyaea?oueny ? ye ia’?eoeaii aeaoa?i?iiaaiee i?ioean, ? ye ?acoeueoao
ae?yeueiino? a/aieo, coiiaeaiee ?noi?e/iith na?aeii?noth iaaieo aiio. O
aeine?aeaeaii? aeei?enoai? ii??aiyeueii-?noi?e/iee, oeiieia?/iee oa
nenoaiii-ooieoe?iiaeueiee iaoiaee.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia e i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeena?oaoe?y ?
ia?oith ni?iaith eiiieaeniiai aea/aiiy oe?a?inueei? oa iieuenueei?
?noi??ia?ao?e c i?iaeaie iaaaeaao?cueeiai i?aaa o Oeaio?aeueii-No?aei?e
?a?ii?, ii??aiyiiy ?o caeiaooe?a oa aeyaeaiiy i?i?aooie?a. Aaoi? ia eeoa
ii?aoethaaea iayai? iioae?eiaai? iaoa??aee c aeaii? i?iaeaiaoeee, a e
caeo/eea /eiaeee iaioae?eiaaiee c ??cieo i?e/ei iaoa??ae, /i?iia? oa
i?aeaioia/? caiene ie?aieo aeine?aeiee?a, ui aeaei ciiao aeeaoa ?ice?eoe
nooi?noue ?oi?o iiaeyae?a ia cacia/aio i?iaeaio, a ioaea /?oe?oa
ie?aneeoe ?noi??ia?ao?/iee i?ioean. Oea aeicaiey? ia o?eueee iiai?oa
ioiieoe ?noi??ia?ao?th i?iaeaie, a e aecia/eoe iioaioe?ei? oeyoe ??
iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo. Oea iniaeeai nooo?ai aeey oe?a?inueei?
?noi??ia?ao??, a ye?e ieoaiith iaaaeaao?cueeiai i?aaa o?aaeeoe?eii
i?eae?eyee ia oae aaaaoi oaaae, a ioaea a ia? ? a?eueoee iaaeei?enoaiee
iioaioe?ae.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ? aeniiaee aeena?oaoe??, c?a?ai? oa ii?aoeueiaai?
aaoi?ii iaoa??aee iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? aeey iiaeaeueoiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy i?nueeiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy o Oeaio?aeuei?e oa No?aei?e
?a?ii?, a oaeiae ?noi??? i?no caaaeii. ?iaioa aoaea ei?eniith aeey
oao?aoe?a c ?noi??? i?no, aea?aeaae ? i?aaa, aeeeaaea/?a ? nooaeaio?a,
ui aea/athoue a?aeiia?aei? aeenoeeie?ie. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy
iiaeia canoinoaaoe o aea/aii? noi?aeieo i?iaeai, ii?aoethaaii? iiaeo
eiioeaioe?e ?noi??? na?aaeiueia?/ieo i?no Oeaio?aeueii? oa No?aeii?
?a?iie, i?aeaioiaoe? ocaaaeueithth/eo i?aoeue c ?noi??? Oe?a?ie oa
Iieueu?, aeeeaaeaii? ?noi??? oa i?aaiciaanoaa.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??
aeeeaaeai? aaoi?ii o iecoe? aeiiia?aeae: ia O?ao?e iaoeia?e
aa?aeueaee/i?e eiioa?aioe?? (Euea?a, 1993), I?aeia?iaei?e
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie ?icaeoeo i?no ?
i?nueeiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy (?noi??y ? no/ani?noue)” (??aia, 1993), o?ueio
can?aeaiiyo A?oaia?ao?/ii? eii?n?? IOO (Euea?a, 1993, 1997),
I?aeia?iaeiiio neiiic?oi?, i?enay/aiiio 150-??//th Aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo “Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea” (Euea?a, 1994), E?oaeiio noie?
iieiaeeo ?noi?ee?a Iieueu? oa Oe?a?ie (Ethae?i, 1994),
oe?a?inueei-iieuenueeeo iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo “Euea?a: ?noi??y —
ianaeaiiy — eoeueoo?a” (Euea?a, 1994, 1998), I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeia?e
eiioa?aioe?? “Ia?aieoeue oa Ia?aienueea caiey i?ioyaii noie?oue”
(Ia?aieoeue, 1998).

Ioae?eaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iioae?eiaai? o
naie noaooyo o ca??ieeao iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, o?ueio ?aoeaic?yo, oacao
i’yoe iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?e.

No?oeoo?a ?iaioe. O ?iaio? aeei?enoaii i?iaeaiii-o?iiieia?/iee i?eioeei.
Aiia neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, o?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo
aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae oa e?oa?aoo?e, aeiaeaoeo. Ianya aeena?oaoe?? — 180
noi??iie. Nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae oa e?oa?aoo?e aeeth/a? 678
iaeiaioaaiue oa caeia? 54 noi??iee. Aeiaeaoie “A?ia?ae?ia?ao?/i?
aeia?aeee” ioiieth? 43 noi??iee.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeINE?AeAEAIIss

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue oaie, aecia/aii iaoo oa caaaeaiiy
?iaioe, o?iiieia?/i? oa aaia?ao?/i? iaae?, aeacaii ia iaoeiao iiaecio
aeena?oaoe?? oa ?? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? “Noai iaoeiai? ?ic?iaee i?iaeaie. Aeaea?aeueia aaca”
c?iaeaii iaeyae e?oa?aoo?e c aeine?aeaeoaaii? i?iaeaie oa ei?ioei
ioa?aeoa?eciaaii aeaea?aeueio iniiao aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe.

?noi??ia?ao?y aea/aiiy ieoaiiy iaaaeaao?cueeiai i?aaa o Oeaio?aeuei?e oa
No?aei?e ?a?ii? iaaaeeea ca ianyaii. Iayai? ?iaioe noinothoueny
ia?aaaaeii eeoa iieuenueei? ?noi??ia?ao??. Aiai?eoe ae i?i ii??aiyeueiee
aiae?c iieuenueei? oa oe?a?inueei? ?noi??ia?ao?? aeaii? i?iaeaie acaaae?
ia aeiaiaeeoueny.

Caeaa?eueoiai iieuenueea ?noi??ia?ao?y aiae?co? noai aea/aiiy i?nueei?
i?iaeaiaoeee caaaeii. I?iaeai? ae i?nueeiai iaaaeaao?cueeiai i?aaa a
oaeeo noaooyo /anoi i?eae?eyee aeoaea iaei oaaae Krakowski S.
Problematyka miejska w historiografii polskiej // Prace Instytutu
Historycznego Uniwersytetu ?odzkiego. — ?od?, 1950. — S. 35-49..

Ieoaiiy ?noi??ia?ao?? ?noi??? i?no aea/aa A.Nainiiiae/, yeee o 1965 ?.
i?iaiae?coaaa o?aai?noe/io e?oa?aoo?o iiia?aaeiueiai aeanyoee?ooy.
Ie?aii a?i ?icaeyioa ieoaiiy ii/aoe?a i?no, ?o i?aaiai? oa i?inoi?iai?
eieaoe?? ia iniia? i?iaoeueeiai i?aaa Samsonowicz H. Badania nad
dziejami miast w Polsce // Kwartalnik Historyczny. — R. LXXII. — Z. 1. —
1965. — S. 111-126..

A.Eyaoaea ni?iaoaaa aena?oeeoe ?noi??th aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeaie
i?iaoeueei? eieii?caoe?? iieuenueeeo caiaeue ia oe? i?iaoeueei?
aeniain?? ia No?ae. Iaeiae oeae iaoa??ae ?aaeoa iineoaeea i?eaiaeii aeey
aeneiaeaiiy aeanieo eiioeaioe?e aaoi?a Labuda G. Historiograficzna
analiza tzw. niemieckiego “naporu na Wschod” // Wschodnia ekspansja
Niemiec w Europie ?rodkowej. Zbior studiow nad tzw. niemieckim “Drang
nach Osten”. — Poznan, 1963. — S. 14-56..

C.Ea/ia?/ee ne?oioeueicii aea/aa

ieoaiiy i?iaoeueei? eieii?caoe?? oa iaaaeaao?cueeiai i?aaa, eiai ia?o
iaeaaeeoue oaeiae ?noi??ia?ao?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy oaie Kaczmarczyk Z.
Kolonizacja niemiecka i kolonizacja na prawie niemieckim w
?redniowiecznej Polsce // Stosunki polsco-niemieckie w historiografii
polskiej i niemieckiej. — Poznan, 1974. — S. 218-326.. O/aiee ?icaeyioa
eeoa iaeaaaeeea?o?, ia eiai aeoieo, i?aoe?, ye? a i?eioeei? aecia/eee
iai?yi iiaeaeueoeo aeine?aeaeaiue oa aeeneon?e o iieuenuee?e oa
i?iaoeuee?e ?noi??ia?ao??. Aiae?c e?oa?aoo?e a?i ?icii/aa a?ae
iaeaeaai?oeo aeaea?ae oa “O?ii?ee” ss.Aeeoaioa ? cae?i/ea ia??iaeii
1945-1969 ??. Oey noaooy ? iaea?oioiai?oith a aeai?e aaeoc?, ? ia
i?aaaeeeee aeaeue, aein? iaia? ?noi??ia?ao?/iiai iaeyaeo naia oaeiai
eeano i?iaeaie naiia?yaeoaaiiy iieuenueeeo i?no ia i?iaoeueeiio i?aa?.

O i?aoe? A.C?ioa?e i?i aeaea?aea ? aaiaco i?iaoeueeiai i?aaa ia oe?
eieii?caoe?eiiai ?ooo a Cao?aei?e oa Oeaio?aeuei?e ?a?ii? XI-XII no.
Zientara B. Ei?ioeee ?noi??ia?ao?/iee aiae?c i?nueei? i?iaeaiaoeee
caaaeii c?iaea N.Aa?ano A?i noaiaoe/ii ie?aneea iniiai? aoaie a
aeine?aeaeai? ??cieo ?? noi??i, ia iiaeath/e eiie?aoieo iaca /e ?iai,
iaoii?noue ei?ioei aeacoth/e ia ?iaioo ie?aieo ?inoeoooe?e, ye? o??th /e
?ioith i??ith caeiathoueny i?iaeaiaie i?no Herbst S. Polskie badania nad
histori? miast // Archiwum Polskiej Akademii Nauk. — III-304. — Sygn.
16. — S. 1-9…

*anoeiai ?noi??ia?ao?y ieoaiue i?iaoeueei? eieii?caoe?? oa i?nueeiai
naiia?yaeoaaiiy a Iieueu? ?icaeyaeaeanue o anooiieo ?icae?eao iecee
iiiia?ao?e. I?eeeaaeii iiaea neoaoaaoe inoaiiy iiiia?ao?y N.Aaaeana. O
i?e iaeyae ?noi??ia?ao?? iaaeoi noaiaoe/iee ? ia aea? iiaii? ea?oeie,
iaeiae oea /e ia iaee?auee ?noi??ia?ao?/iee aiae?c oaie, c?iaeaiee ca
inoaii? ?iee Gawlas S. O kszta?t zjednoczonego Krolestwa. Niemieckie
w?adztwo terytorialne a geneza spo?ecznoustrojowej odrebno?ci Polski. —
Warszawa, 1996. — S. 1..

Aeayeith i??ith iieuenueea ?noi??ia?ao?y i?iaeaie i?no oa i?nueeiai
naiia?yaeoaaiiy ?icaeyiooa N.Aeaenaiae?iae/ai uiaei A?ei?on? XVI-XVII
no. Alexandrowicz S. Miasta Bia?orusi w XVI i pierwszej po?owie XVII
wieku. // Kwartalnik Historyczny. — R. LXXV. — Z. 2. — 1968. — S.
411-420..

?noi??ia?ao?/iiio aiae?co ?noi??? Eueaiaa i?enayoeee nai? a?oioiai?
?iaioe TH.Nei/ae oa E.Oa?aae/iaa Skoczek J. Dotychczasowy stan badan nad
historj? Lwowa. — Lwow, 1925; Charewiczowa F. Historiografia i
mi?o?nictwo Lwowa. — Lwow, 1938., Iaeiae ?oi? i?aoe? eeoa
iiina?aaeeiaaii noinothoueny i?iaeaie ?noi??ia?ao?? iaaaeaao?cueeiai
i?aaa.

Aeey nooae?e iaae i?iaeaiith iaia?an?/ia cia/aiiy iathoue aeine?aeaeaiiy
iieuenueeeie a/aieie ?noi??? ie?aieo iaoeiaeo oe?e (cie?aia,
euea?anueei? Winnicka H. Lwowskie ?rodowisko historyczne 1918-1939 //
?rodowiska historyczne II Rzeczypospolitej. — Cz. V. — Warszawa, 1990. —
S. 121-137. oa e?ae?anueei? Marmon W. Krakowskie ?rodowisko historyczne
w latach 1918-1939. — Krakow, 1995.), ?o oi?ioaaiiy, i?eioeei?a oa
iai?yie?a ae?yeueiino?.

Ieoaiiy ?icaeyaeo i?nueeiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy iieuenueeith ?noi??ia?ao??th
/anoeiai aea/aeiny ? ?in?enueeeie aeine?aeieeaie, cie?aia,
E.?acoiianueeith ?acoiianeay E. Iieueneee n?aaeiaaaeiaue ai?iae a
iineaaiaiiie iieueneie enoi?eia?aoee // Aii?inu enoi?ee neaayi. —
Ai?iiaae, 1972. — N. 67-76.. Aaoi?, oi/a e aeiaie? noaiaoe/ii oa
ei?ioei, aea a??ii a?aeia?aaea? ?noi??ia?ao?/iee i?ioean, ?? ?iaioa
i?aeoe/ii iicaaaeaia ?aeaieia?/ieo ooaii?a, i?eoaiaiieo ?in?enuee?e
?aaeyinuee?e iaooe?.

Aei aiae?co iieuenueei? ?noi??ia?ao?? caa?oaeenue ? oe?a?inuee? a/ai?.
Oe?e i?iaeai? /anoeiai i?enay/aia noaooy ee?anueei? aeine?aeieoe?
O.A?yioeaai? A?yioeaaa O. I?iaeaia na?aaeiueia?/ieo i?no Iieueu? o
no/ani?e iieuenuee?e ?noi??ia?ao?? // I?iaeaie neia’yiiciaanoaa. — Aei.
22. — 1980. — N. 138-145. , yea, i?ioa, ia a?aecia/a?oueny no?oeoo?iith
/?oe?noth oa aaaaonoaii oaeoe/iiai iaoa??aeo.

A oe?a?inuee?e ?noi??ia?ao?? i?iaeai? aea/aiiy iaaaeaao?cueeiai i?aaa
i?eae?eyee iaaeoi iaei oaaae. C?aooith, ia?ic?iaeai?noue ?noi??ia?ao??
na?ae/eoue i?i iaaeinoaoi? aeine?aeaeaiiy naii? i?iaeaie. Na?aae ?ia?o,
ui caneoaiaothoue ia oaaao, aa?oi iacaaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy A.Oaeaeueei.
Aiia iiae?ey? oe?a?inueeo ?aaeyinueeo ?noi??ia?ao?th i?iaeaie ia aeaa
i?eioeeiiai a?aei?ii? ia??iaee: 1) 20-o ??., eiee ua ia?aaaaeii
caa??aaeenue noa?? aeine?aeieoeuee? o?aaeeoe??; 2) 50-70-o ??., eiee
“?aaeyinuee? ?noi?eee iinoaaeee aea/aiiy ?noi??? i?nueeiai eaaeo ?
i?aaiaeo a?aeiinei ??cieo eaoaai??e ianaeaiiy i?noa ia
ia?enenonueei-eai?inueeo iaoiaeieia?/io iniiao” Oaeaeueei A. Niaaoneay
enoi?eia?aoey i nouiinoe e ?iee iaiaoeeiai i?aaa a ai?iaeao Oe?aeiu
XV-XVIII aa. // Aii?inu aa?iaineie enoi?ee e enoi?eia?aoee. — Aui. 3. —
Aeiai?iiao?iane, 1975. — N. 126-127. .

Ia aeaeue, ?noi??ia?ao?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?nueei? i?iaeaiaoeee a
Oe?a?i?, ca iaeeie/ieie aeiyoeaie, i?aeoe/ii a?aenooi?. Ia aiae?coaaee
oe?a?inuee? a/ai? ?noi??ia?ao?th uiaei ie?aieo i?no, ia eaaeo/e aaea i?i
aea/aiiy ie?aieo ?noi??ia?ao?/ieo oe?e oa iai?yie?a ?o ae?yeueiino?.

Caaaeii, a oe?a?inuee?e iaooe? ieoaiiy iaaaeaao?cueeiai i?aaa o No?aei?e
?a?ii? ? a oiio /ene? a Oe?a?i? caeeoa?oueny a?aee?eoei. Aea ianaiia?aae
iaiao?aeia ?noi??ia?ao?/ia ie?aneaiiy caeiaooe?a oe?a?inueeeo oa oe?oa —
?a?iiaenueeeo — a/aieo o aeai?e aaeoc?.

Aeaea?aeueio aaco aeine?aeaeaiiy neeaaea? ia?o ca ana eiiieaen
iioae?eiaaieo i?aoeue ?noi?ee?a: — iiiia?ao??, noaoo?, iaa/aeuei?
iin?aieee, ?aoeaic??, ?aoa?aoe oa aaoi?aoa?aoe, oace, aenooie a
aeeneon?yo, a?ae?ia?ao??, i?aoe? i?i aeaiiai aeine?aeieea, eiai
oai?/?noue oa ?noi??inio?th oiui. Iaeiae, iioae?eiaai? iaoa??aee ia
iiaeooue iiai?noth ?ice?eoe oai?/o eaai?aoi??th ?noi?eea, a e??i oiai,
/a?ac iineeaiiy a iaai? ia??iaee oeaico?e, ia caaaeaee aaeaeaaoii
a?aeia?aaeathoue iiceoe?th aaoi?a. Ioiae, aeaea?aeaie aeaiiai
?noi??ia?ao?/iiai iaeyaeo ? oaeiae iaiioae?eiaai? iaoa??aee:
a?ae?aaeaaiaai? e iaa?ae?aaeaaiaai? ?oeiiene, ?oeiiene ?c i?aaeaie
oeaici?a, noaiia?aie, aeani? a?o?ae ?noi?ee?a, ?oi? iniaia? ni?aae,
na?ae/aiiy i?i ieo.

O aeena?oaoe?? aeei?enoaii oiiae A.*ieianueeiai (Aieiaiee a?o?a aeaai?o
aeo?a o Aa?oaa?), Oaee Oiaeaea?a (A?o?a aeaai?o aeo?a ia Aaaae? o
E?aeia?), iaoa??aee O.Iaioieoaey, N.A?aie?ieoea, N.I?ea?/eea, N.Aa?anoa,
I.Eyiaa oa ?i. (A?o?a Iieuenueei? AI o Aa?oaa?), ?oeiiene
Ae.Coa?eoeueeiai, A.Iiey/e?aie, A.Aea?oea?, E.Oa?aae/iai?, A.Aaeiioa,
A.*ieianueeiai, I.Aaeueoea?a, E.Aaaeaoeueeiai, A.A?eaae/a, E.?ania oa
?i. (Oeaio?aeueiee aea?aeaaiee ?noi?e/iee a?o?a Oe?a?ie o i. Eueaia?),
oiiaee A.C?ii?iae/a, ?.THcaoiae/a, Ae.Coa?eoeueeiai, ?.Oa?aiaae/a,
A.Oiaeaea?a, E.Oa?aae/iai?, ss.Ioaoi?ea, E.?aena, E.Nioaiaae/a,
?.Oiaeei?oeueeiai, O.Aoyea oa ?i. (A?aeae?e ?oeiien?a Euea?anueei?
iaoeiai? a?ae?ioaee ?i. A.Noaoaieea IAI Oe?a?ie).

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “Oe?a?inueea ?noi??ia?ao?y” ?icaeyioo? i?aoe?
aeine?aeiee?a ?noi??? i?nueeiai i?aaa ia?iaeieoeueei? oa
aea?aeaaieoeueei? oe?e, ?noi?ee?a iineaio?euenueei? i???ioaoe??,
i?aaenoaaiee?a ?aaeyinueei? oa iino?aaeyinueei? ?noi??ia?ao??.

A Oe?a?i? aea/aiiy iaaaeaao?cueeiai i?aaa ?icii/aeinue ?c “I?aa, ca
yeeie noaeeoueny iaei?in?enueeee ia?iae”. Ni?iae eiaeeo?eaoe?? i?aaa o
XVIII no. aiaeii/an noaee ia?oeie, oi/ ? ia oe?eeii iaoeiaeie, ni?iaaie
aea/aiiy i?iaeaie iaaaeaao?cueeiai i?aaa a oe?a?inueeeo i?noao.

Nia?oo i?iaeaiaoeea i?nueeiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy iaeiiai?oa i?iyaeyeanue o
iiiia?ao?yo-o?ii?eao ?c ?noi??? ie?aieo i?no (I.Aa?eeinueeee,
Ae.Coa?eoeueeee). Aeey oeeo ?ia?o oa?aeoa?ia a?aenooi?noue
eiioeaiooaeueieo iieiaeaiue ? aaee/acia iane/ai?noue aeieoiaioaeueiei
iaoa??aeii.

Ia ci?io ?iiaioe/i?e ?noi??ia?ao?? OV?? — ii/aoeo O?O no. i?eoiaeeoue
ia?iaeieoeueea eiioeaioe?y. Oea ca?aeiny ?c oi?ioaaiiyi iaoeiai?
?noi??ia?ao?? a aeon? iiceoea?cio, ii?aeiaii? ?c oe?ieith
a?oaia?ao?/iith i?ia?aiith. A oeueiio ?one? iiina?aaeeiaaii
i?aei?ia?oueny i?iaeaia iaaaeaao?cueeiai i?aaa, aea eiai ai??i??
o?aeoothoue iaaaoeaii, ye aeaiaio /oaei? aea?aeaaii? aeaaee. C-iii?ae
?noi?ee?a ia?iaeieoeueeiai iai?yieo iaea?eueoa aeey aea/aiiy i?nueeiai
naiia?yaeoaaiiy c?iaeee A.Aioiiiae/ oa I.A?ooaanueeee.

Aaaiiei ? aianie o aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaoeueeiai i?aaa i?aaenoaaiee?a
?noi?eei-i?aaiai? oeiee Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo. Oi/ ? noai?aia ye
iieio ?iia?nueei? iie?oeee oa ?aeaieia?? ia oa?aiao Oe?a?ie, aiia noaea
oeaio?ii, iaaeiei yeiai oi?ioaaeanue iiaa iaoe?iiaeueia oe?a?inueea
?noi??ia?ao?y. Oiio oeieo I.?aai?oaaa oa I.Aeaaeeie?nueeiai-Aoaeaiiaa
a?aeiineii aei oe?a?inueei? ?noi??ia?ao??. O niaoe?aeueiiio
aeine?aeaeai? “I?iaoeueea i?aai a Iieueu? oa Eeoa?”
I.Aeaaeeie?nueeiai-Aoaeaiiaa /?oei iii?oia iaaia oaiaeaioe?ei?noue, ui
i?iyaeyeanue o caia?a/aii? i?e?iaeiino? aeey Oe?a?ie
cao?aeii?a?iiaenueeiai oeyoo oa ?noi?e/ieo i?aa Iieueu? ia
“thai-caiaaeiue e?ae” ?in?enueei? ?iia???. Oi/ ?noi?ee ia caaaeaee
ei?aeoii aeei?enoiao? aeaea?aea, aea c iaeyaeo ia c?a?aiee oaeoaae eiai
?iaioa caeeoa?oueny iaei??th c e?aueo.

A oeueiio ae ?one? aeo?eiai? aeine?aeaeaiiy I.Iie/aiianueeiai oa
O.Eaiioiae/a. Aei a?iia Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo oaeiae iaeaaeaa
?.Eaiai?i, ui ienaa i?ae cia/iei aieeaii ?noi?eei-i?aaiai? oeiee. O
nai?o ?iaioao “Iineaaeiea aiaeu naiioi?aaeaiey Eeaaa ii iaaaeaao?aneiio
i?aao” oa “Ec enoi?ee ai?iaeneiai naiioi?aaeaiey ii iaaaeaao?ceiio
i?aao” a?i iieacaa i?e/eie caiaiaaeo i?no oa ?ieue o oeueiio i?ioean?
ooieoe?iioth/i? a ieo iaaaeaao?a??. Ni?aaaaeeeai i?aee?anethth/e ieceo
iaaaoeaieo iiiaio?a ia iaaieo aoaiao aaiethoe?? i?nueeiai
naiia?yaeoaaiiy, ?.Eaiai?i ia iii?/a? oa iiceoeaia, ui i?eaianei a
oe?a?inuee? i?noa iaaaeaao?cueea i?aai.

O ?iaioao ?.Eeiie/aiea i?inoaaeo?oueny i?eoeeuei?noue aaoi?a aei
noii?aii?, aea iiioey?ii? i?oieiaaie i?i aeaaiuei?onuee? aeineiiaeino?.
Iaiaaath/enue aecia/eoeny uiaei naii? ?aea? iaaaeaao?a?? o No?aei?e
?a?ii?, a?i ia caeia? yei?nue iaaii? iiceoe??, a neeeo?oueny aaeainoaaoe
i?ae aeaiia e?aeiinoyie. O ?aii?o ?iaioao ?.Eeiie/aiei eaoaai?e/i?oee o
e?eoe/i?e ioe?ioe? iaaaeaao?cueeiai i?aaa, aea caiaeii a?i a?aeaeaa
iaeaaeia iiceoeaiei iiiaioai oeueiai yaeua.

Iin?yi? I.A?ooaanueeei ca?ia ia?iaeieoeoaa i?i?inee ieiaeaie
aea?aeaaieoeueei? ?noi??ia?ao??, a ?aieao yei? iaaaeaao?cueea i?aai
?icaeyaeaeiny ye aeaiaio /oaei? aea?aeaae, a a?aeoae ia ei?enooaaeiny
iniaeeaith iiioey?i?noth. Ana ae aea/aeeny ie?ai? aniaeoe ?noi??? i?no,
ye? iiina?aaeeiaaii noinoaaeenue i?nueeiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy. Cie?aia,
?noi??y euea?anueeiai iaa?no?aoo aena?oethaaeanue ia oe? i?ioenoiyiiy
i?aaenoaaiee?a ie?aieo iaoe?iiaeueiinoae (i?aoe? O.N??aiiai,
?.E?ei’yeaae/a oa ?i.), aeeoo?ien?a eiai ?aaeiee?a (N.Oiiao?anueeee). O
eiioaeno? iiioey?iiai a o? /ane ia oa?aiao Oeaio?aeueii? ?a?iie
iaiiiceoea?cio aeoeaii cae?enith?oueny aeaeaaie/a a?oaia?ao?/ia
i?ia?aia, yea ca/?ia? ? ieoaiiy iaaaeaao?cueeiai i?aaa. Iniaeeai oea
i?iyaey?oueny o Eueaia?, aea ?nioaaee o?ni? eiioaeoe i?ae oe?a?inueeeie
e iieuenueeeie ?noi?eeaie. I?eeeaaeii oaeeo aca?iei ? iaiioae?eiaaia
ei?ioea ?ica?aeea iaa?aeiiiai aaoi?a “I?iaa iieuenueei-?onueeiai
i?eie?aiiy ia oa?ai? Ae?iaiae/a a iieiaei? XVI no.”, yea caa??aa?oueny a
Oeaio?aeueiiio aea?aeaaiiio ?noi?e/iiio a?o?a? Oe?a?ie o i. Eueaia? oa
iia’ycaia ?c ?iaioith A.Iiey/e?aie “Ksiega radziecka miasta Drohobycza
1542-1563”.

1919 ?. i?e OAI aoea ooai?aia Eii?n?y aeey aeo/oaaiiy ?noi???
cao?aeii-?onueeiai oa oe?a?inueeiai i?aaa (I.Iaeeiianueeee,
I.Iaeneiaeei, N.Ai?enaiie, E.Ie?ioaae/, A.A?eoei, I.TH?/aiei oa ?io?).
I?iaeaia iaaaeaao?cueeiai i?aaa ?icaeyaeaeanue o niaoe?ae?ciaaieo
noaooyo c ie?aieo ieoaiue i?aaiai? i?aeoeee Oe?a?ie XIV-XVII no.
(N.?aaieoeueeee-Aaneeaiei). Aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy ?noi??? i?no oa ?o
naiia?yaeoaaiiy /eiaei c?iaeea oaeiae ?noi?eei-aaia?ao?/ia eii?n?y AOAI.
?? /eaie aeoeaii aea/aee ??ci? aniaeoe ?noi??? i?no, ni?a?nioaaiiy a ieo
iaoe?iiaeueieo a?iiaae, ai?ioueao i?uai ca nai? i?aaa oa i?ea?ea?
(I.A?ooaanueeee, I.A?ooaanueea, N.Oai?ae, I.Aa?iaeca). Iaeiae, aei
o?iioaeueiiai aea/aiiy i?nueeiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy oae ? ia ae?eoei.
Iacaaa?ii ia ci?io oe?a?iiciaa/ei oaiai i?eeoee nooi ?aeaieia?/i?
i?i?aaeyinuee?.

I?ney e?ea?aeaoe?? aeuacaaaeaieo eii?n?e AOAI oa ?ai?an?e i?ioe a/aieo o
?aaeyinuee?e Oe?a?i? oeaio? aea/aiiy i?aaiaeo aniaeo?a ?noi??? Oe?a?ie
ia?ai?noeany aei Oe?a?inueeiai a?eueiiai oi?aa?neoaoo , aea caiaeii
i?aoethaaee E.Ie?ioaae/, A.A?eoei, I.TH?/aiei. Cie?aia, i?iaeaio
iaaaeaao?cueeiai i?aaa o “Eaeoe?yo ii ?noi??? oe?a?inueeiai i?aaa”
?icaeyaeaa i?ioani? OAO ?.Eauaiei. Aea caaaeii iaaaeaao?cueea i?aai aoei
ooo ia a iioai?, eiio caeeaeaee noaiiaa ?icoa?oaaiiy oe?a?inueeiai
noni?euenoaa, noai?aiiy nenoaie eiioan?eii? oa iaoe?iiaeueii?
aeene?ei?iaoe?? ?onei?a, a?aeie?aieaiy i?no a?ae aieino? oiui. Iniaeeai?
oaaae caneoaiaothoue a oeueiio ieai? ?iaioe ss.Iaaeioa, eio?ee aaaaeaa
iaaaeaao?cueea i?aai, oi/ ? c iii?aaeith ia eiai aeaiie?aoe/i?noue,
i?aaii /oaei??aeiei, eeoa /anoeiai i?enoiniaaiei aei oiia ? aeiia
i?noeaaiai ianaeaiiy. Aaaeeeaei iiceoeaiei iiiaioii ooo ? aeciaiiy
iaaaeaao?a?? aeaiaioii oe?a?inueeiai i?aaa.

A ?aaeyinuee?e Oe?a?i? aeey ni?aaae? iaoeiaeo o?aai?noe/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue neooaoe?y aoea ae?ae iani?eyoeeaa. ?noi?eee Oe?a?ie
neaioe/ii noaaeeeny aei i?iaoeueeiai i?aaa ye /oaei??aeiiai aeaiaioo.
?aaeyinuee? aeine?aeieee iaaeiioe?ithaaee ?noi?eei-i?aaiaeo aniaeo?a,
cina?aaeaeoth/e oaaao ia eeania?e ai?iouea? a i?noao, aeiiii?/iiio
?icaeoeo oiui. Iaaieiooaaiiy aeaiie?aoecio ? i?ia?aneaiino? i?nueeiai
naiia?yaeoaaiiy a Oe?a?i? iaaea?aeii a?aeo?iyei a ia?icaeioo?noue
i?nueei? ia?aae? e a?aenoae?noue oiai/anii? Iineiaueie, ui noia?a/eei
io?oe?ei?e eiioeaioe?? i?ia?aneaii? ?ie? ?in?? a aeie? oe?a?inueeiai oa
a?ei?onueeiai ia?iae?a. Oa ?noi??y i?no ? i?nueeiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy, oi/
ia oae ?ioaineaii ye iiaeia aoei a, ana ae aea/aeanue.

*e ia iaea?oioiai?oa ? iaeia’?eoeai?oa i?iaeaio iaaaeaao?cueeiai i?aaa
aea/ea A.Ioaiaiianueeee ye ia i?eeeaae? ie?aiiai i?noa (A?iieoe?),
ie?aiiai ?aa?iio (Iiae?eey), oae ? a ocaaaeueithth/eo noaooyo. A?i
aaaaeaa ia?aoai?aiiy i?noa ia aaoiiiiio a?iiaaeo-iaaaeaao?a?th o?eueee
inoaoi/iei th?eaee/iei ioi?ieaiiyi oiai noaio, ui aeoai?eany ia iaai?e
noaae?? aeiaaio?eaaeiai noni?eueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo oa?eoi??? oa
i?noa. Iaeiei ?c iaeaaaeeea?oeo iinooeao?a A.Ioaiaiianueeiai ? eiai
oaa?aeaeaiiy i?i nii??aeiai?noue ?noi?e/iiai ?icaeoeo i?no Cao?aeii?
?a?iie ? Oe?a?ie, ?acii c oei, i?noa Oe?a?ie iaee naiiaooi?e eaae, yeee
aacoaaany ia aeaiie?aoe/ieo ii?iao ? o?aaeeoe?yo noa?i?onueeiai i?aaa,
ui o XIV-XVII no. ?icaeioeinue ye i?aai oe?a?inueea. Ia aeoieo oeueiai
aeine?aeieea, iaaaeaao?cueea i?aai ia o?eueee ia i?eianei ia oe?a?inuee?
caie? aeaiie?aoe/ieo o?aaeeoe?e, a c?oeioaaei aaea ?nioth/?
aeaiie?aoe/i? aeaiaioe. ?iaioe oeueiai ?noi?eea aeiaie? noia?a/eea?, ?o
iiaeia ?icaeyaeaoe ye ia?ao?aeiee uaaaeue i?ae aei?aaeyinueeith oa
?aaeyinueeith ?noi??ia?ao??th.

No?oeoo?o i?aai?a i?nueeiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy ?icaeyaeaee a eiioaeno?
nioe?aeueii? no?oeoo?e i?uainoaa (N.A?eaoeueeee, ss.E?nue, A.Oaeaeueei)
oa ai?ioueae ieaano c iao?eoe?aoii (N.A?eaoeueeee, ss.?na?ae/), a
?noi??th ie?aieo iaa?no?ao?a — ia oe? i?aeiaoe?iiaeueieo eiioe?eo?a
(N.Ua?aaeia). I?iaaaeeeenue aeaea?aeiciaa/? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeieoiaio?a
i?aai?a i?nueeiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy XIV-XVIII no. (ss.Aeaoeaae/, ?.E?eo oa
?i.), ye? ?icoe?eee niaeo? iaoa??ae?a i?i ooieoe?iioaaiiy iaaaeaao?a?? a
Oe?a?i?. Aea/aee oe?a?inuee? ?noi?eee ? aaei?i?no?aoeaii-i?aaiaee ono??e
ie?aieo i?no. *e ia iaea?eueoa a oeueiio ieai? c?iaea ss.?na?ae/
noiniaii Ae?iaiae/a. Aeaye? aniaeoe euea?anueei? iaaaeaao?a?? aea/aa
ss.E?nue, /a?i?a?anueei? — A.Oaeaeueei, ee?anueei? — N.Eeeiianueeee.
?noi?eei-i?aaiaei aniaeoai cai?iaaaeaeaiiy iaaaeaao?cueeiai i?aaa o
i?noao No?aeii? ?a?iie oa ?icaeoeia? i?nueeiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy a ieo
i?eae?eyeiny ae?ae iaei oaaae. Oe? oaie ?ice?eaaeenue o?aa ui a
ocaaaeueithth/eo iiiia?ao?yo c ?noi??? oe?a?inueeeo i?no, ye-io: “I?noa
Oe?a?ie a ae?oa?e iieiaei? XVII no.” I.Eiiiai (1963), “Oaiaeaeueiua
ai?iaea Oe?aeiu a eiioea XV — 60-o aiaeao XVI a.” I.Nana (1989). Naia
iiiia?ao?y I.Eiiiai caii/aoeoaaea a ?aaeyinuee?e ?noi??ia?ao?? a?aeiiao
a?ae aaccanoa?aaeii iaaaoeaii? ioe?iee ?ie? iaaaeaao?a?? a ?noi???
oe?a?inueeeo i?no.

A inoaii? ?iee a?aeaoeeny iaai? iiceoeai? c?ooaiiy. I?ae aieeaii
iieuenueei? ?noi??ia?ao?? caii/aoeiaai? aeine?aeaeaiiy eieaoe?eieo
i?ioean?a o ie?aieo ?aa?iiao (A.Cayoeue). ?iaeyoueny ni?iae aea/aiiy
aeaiaio?a i?inoi?iai? eieaoe?? (N.E?aaoeia, I.?e/eia). Aeaea?aeiciaa/ee
aiae?c i?nueeeo i?ea?ea?a i?iaaaeea I.Eiaaeuenueeee. I?iaeiaaeo?oueny
ioae?eaoe?y ca??iee?a aeaea?ae, cia/ia /anoeia yeeo noino?oueny i?nueeeo
i?aai?a naiia?yaeoaaiiy (I.Eoi/einueeee, A.?oaeeoeueeee, I.Eai?aeue,
I.sseiaaiei, A.Ai?ye oa ?i.).

Oaeei /eiii, oe?a?inueea ?noi??ia?ao?y iaaaeaao?cueeiai i?aaa oi/ ?
iaoe?ia, aea iaaeeaiea. I?nueea naiia?yaeoaaiiy ia ei?enooaaeinue
iniaeeaith iiioey?i?noth oe?a?inueeeo ?noi?ee?a, eiai aea/aee
caeaa?eueoiai ia ia?a?ian? ?ioeo oai. A yeui ooi niaoe?aeueii
aeine?aeaeoaaa i?iaoeueea i?aai a Oe?a?i?, oi, ye i?aaeei, iaiaaeoaaany
aai eiai nooi?noth, aai ?ieeth a ?noi??? oe?a?inoaa. Iaaeinoaoiy oaaaa
i?eae?eyeanue aea/aiith iaaaeaao?a?e ie?aieo i?no oa ioae?eaoe??
aeieoiaio?a uiaei oeueiai, oa?eoi??aeuei?e ? /ania?e aeeoa?aioe?aoe??
iaaaeaao?cueeiai i?aaa. Ia ae?iaeaia /?oea oa?i?iieia?y, oi/a a inoaii?
?iee a?ae/ooiee iinooi ? a oe?e aaeoc?. Caaaeii, i?iaeaia
iaaaeaao?cueeiai i?aaa caeeoa? /eiaeee i?ino?? aeey iiaeo
aeine?aeaeaiue.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? “Iieuenueea ?noi??ia?ao?y” ?icaeyaeathoueny
aeine?aeaeaiiy iieuenueeeie ?noi?eeaie i?iaeai iaaaeaao?cueeiai i?aaa,
cie?aia e ia oe?a?inueeeo caieyo.

O Iieueu? ia?o? ni?iae o?aeooaaiiy iaaaeaao?cueeiai i?aaa a?aeiinyoueny
aei XIV no. (Eii?aae c Iiiey), aeoeai?oa oea ieoaiiy aeine?aeaeoaaee o
XVI no. ss.Oooieue/ee, I.ssnea?, ss.E??noaei, A.A?i?oeueeee, I.Ua?a?/.
C-i?ae ?oiueiai ia?a aeeoee ia?aeeaaee, ia?aeace oa nai???aei?
o?aeooaaiiy aeaea?ae i?nueeiai i?iaoeueeiai i?aaa iieuenueeeo i?no. O
XVI? no. ?aeeio aa?o?nio i?aoeth o aeai?e aaeoc? iaienaa
A.AEaeaoianueeee. ss.*aoiae/, aaoi? aeaeaiiai o XVIII no. oai?o c
?noi??? i?nueeiai i?aaa, noaaea iaaaeaao?a?th ia iaeei uaaaeue ?c
?einueeei i?aaii. O 1771 ?. A.Eaiai?o caaa?oea “Jus publicum civitatis
Gedanansis” — aeiaie? aeiaiaoe/ia i?aaenoaaeaiiy oeea?eueiiai i?aaa
Aaeainueea. Aea eieaa oae ? caeeoeeanue o ?oeiien?.

Ni?aaae? iaoeiaa aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeaie ii/aeiny a XIX no. Aenieei
??aiai a?aecia/aeanue e?ae?anueea ?noi?e/ia oeiea, yea cia/ei?noth naiai
aei?iaeo iinooiaeanue o?aa ui euea?anueeiio ?noi?e/iiio na?aaeiaeuo.
Ia?oei aaaiiei ?? aeinyaiaiiyi a aeai?e aaeoc? aoei aeaeaiiy
iaaaeaao?cueeeo i?oee?a I.Aiaaeeinueeei. I?aenoieii aeine?aeaeaiue
o/aiiai noaea a?oioiaia iiiia?ao?y c ?noi??? i?iaoeueeiai i?aaa ia oe?
eiai ?icaeoeo o Iieueu?.

Aeey O?O no. i?eoaiaii? aoee ?aa?iiaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy (E.Aaoca?,
E.Iaoaaeeinueeee, E.Aea?aoi, E.Ea/ia?/ee). I?iaaaeeeinue aeoeaia
aeaeaiiy aeaea?ae aei ?noi??? iaaaeaao?cueeiai i?aaa ie?aieo i?no.

Ia ii/aoeo OO no. ?noi?eee iieiaeoiai iieie?iiy aeaaeae? /ano?oa
a?aeoiaeeee a?ae aeaai?o o?aaeeoe?e e?ae?anueei? oeiee, oai?y/e
i?aeaaeeie o. ca. iiai? e?ae?anueei? ?noi?e/ii? oeiee, aei yei? iaeaaeaa
? N.Eoooaaa. Iaea?aeii?oith eiai ?iaioith ? aeaioiiia “Historia ?rode?
dawnego prawa polskiego”. Aaaaeath/e i?iaoeueeo eieii?caoe?th
eieinaeueiei i?ia?anii aeey Iieueu?, aaoi? aaa/aa ?? i?e/eie a
aeiiii?/iiio ?icaeoeo e?a?ie. A?i a?aeeeaeaa aaiethoe?ei?noue ?icaeoeo
iieuenueeeo i?no, a /oaeeii?noue i?eeiyoeo iieuenueeeie i?noaie i?aaiaeo
ii?i ia aaaaeaa iaaaoeaiei yaeuai, iaaiaee, naia caaaeyee ?i “iieyee
iae?aco anooieee a eiei oeea?e?caoe?? Cao?aeii? ?a?iie”.

I?ney iao?eaaeiai ia??iaeo iai?iiaioecio a?eueo?noue iieuenueeeo
?noi?ee?a iiaa?ioeanue aei iiceoea?nonueeeo iaoiaeieia?/ieo i?eioeei?a,
aea aaea ia aeuiio ??ai?.. Iaeiiioey?i?oith aoea i?iaeaia i?iaoeueei?
eieii?caoe?? (E.Oeiaiaoeueeee, I.Eyiaa). Ieoaiiy i?iaoeueeiai i?aaa
?ice?eaaeinue ia i?eeeaae? E?aeiaa (N.Ano?aeoa?), Aa?oaae (N.A?aie?ieoe)
oiui.

O i?neyai?ii? ?iee iieuenueea ?noi??ia?ao?y a?ae?iaeaeoaaeanue ia iia?e
iniia?. C ?noi?ee?a aeiai?iii? aaia?aoe?? ie?aeii i?aoethaaee
O.Iaioieoaeue (i?nueea naiia?yaeoaaiiy), C.Ea/ia?/ee (i?iaoeueea
eieii?caoe?y). Inoaii?e iaiaaaany /?oe?oa ie?aneeoe iiiyooy eieaoe??,
iieacoth/e eiai ca’ycie ?c iiiyooyie eieii?caoe?? oa ?aoi?ie, a oaeiae
ni?anoaai?noue iiiyoue “i?iaoeueea i?aai” oa “cao?aeii?a?iiaenueea
i?aai”.

O 50-60-o ??. aeooaeueieie noathoue oai?aoe/i? ?ic?iaee oa?i?iieia?/ieo
ieoaiue, iia’ycaieo c i?nueeei naiia?yaeoaaiiyi (C.Ea/ia?/ee,
A.C?ioa?a). Ia i?eeeaae? eiie?aoieo ?ia?o i?inoaaeo?oueny aeine?aeaeaiiy
ianooiieo ieoaiue: iiiyooy eieaoe?eiiai aeieoiaioo, eeaneo?eaoe?y
eieaoe?e, eieaoe?? aaeae? e iaaaeae?, i?iaeaia eieaoe?? oa ?aeieaoe??
i?no (?.Ueaae, N.Eo?anue, O.E??ee, A.Nainiiiae/ oa ?i.). Oaiie
eieaoe?eiiai i?ioeano ia iieuenueeeo caieyo aeine?aeaeoaaee O.E??ee,
A.Aa?aeaoeueea, E.Eai?inueea, A.Oaeeianueeee. C i?iaeaiith i?aaiai?
eieaoe?? ia?ic?eaii iia’ycaia ieoaiiy aaiace i?no, aeiaie? iiioey?ia o
iieuenuee?e ?noi??ia?ao?? (N.I?ea?/ee).

*eiaei ?ia?o i?enay/ai? i?inoi?ia?e eieaoe?? i?no, ?? cia/aiith aeey
aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo ?aa?iio, ?ie? o oeueiio i?ioean? iaaaeaao?cueeeo
i?ea?ea?a (N.Aa?ano, ?.Eei/ianueeee, A.Ea?i?inueeee, O.Nia?ia oa ?i.).
Aaaaoi oaaae i?eae?eyeinue iaea?eueoei i?noai, ye-io E?ae?a, Aaeainuee,
Ieioeuee, Oi?oiue, Nyiie, N??aaec, Ia?aieoeue, Ethae?i, Ethaa/?a oiui.
?icai?oa?oueny i?ia?aia ioae?eaoe?? eieaoe?eieo i?ea?ea?a, i?ea?ea?a
ie?aieo i?no, aeieoiaio?a i?aai?a i?nueeiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy.

C i?iaeaiith iaeeo i?no iia’ycaia ?ic?iaea i?nueei? i?iaeaiaoeee a
?aa?iiaeueiiio ?aeo?n? (A.Ae?ia?o, O.Eye?e, I.Aiaooeueea), o?aaeeoe?eia
ua c O?O no., oa i?iaeaia ?aa?iiaeueiiai inaaeieoeoaa, yea
ia?aie?oa?oueny c ieoaiiyie eieii?caoe?? (A.ssia/ae, ?.Iioeeaae/,
O.E??ee, N.Aeaenaiae?iae/, I.Ai?i oa ?i.). Ie?aiith aaeoccth
aeine?aeaeaiue noaee i?noa Aaeeeiai eiyc?anoaa Eeoianueeiai
(A.Eiaiyinueeee, N.Aeaenaiae?iae/, TH.Aa?aeao).

O ?noi?e/i?e e?oa?aoo?? a?aeia?aaeai? ??ci? aniaeoe ooieoe?iioaaiiy e
?icaeoeo i?nueeiai iaa?no?aoo, i?iaeaie noaeiai? ae?yeueiino? i?aai?a
i?nueeiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy, i?eeiyooy oeyooe/?a aei i?uainoaa,
ie?aa?o?caoe?? i?aai?a i?nueeiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy ? ni?aaeeooy ??cieo
aa?noa i?uai (A.Nainiiiae/, A.C?ioa?a, I.Ai?i, I.Ai?iiaa, I.Aiaooeueea,
?.Ueaae oa ?i.). Aeoeaii aeeneoooaaeany i?iaeaia a?eo?anoaa. Aeiaie?
iiioey?iith aoea oaia aieeao ?einueeiai i?aaa ia oi?ioaaiiy i?nueeiai
i?aaa aeaaiuei? Iieueu? (E.Aoeianueea). O?eaa? aea/aiiy i?iaoeueei?
eieii?caoe?? ye aeo?aeiiai ioieoo iaaaeaao?cueeiai i?aaa (N.Aaaean).

O no/ani?e Iieueu? iinooiiai ooaa?aeaeo?oueny caiice/aiee ?c Caoiaeo
oai?i?noe/iee iai?yi ?noi?e/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue. Iiaeiei noaea oaia ?ie?
e noaoono ae?iee a na?aaeiueia?/iiio i?no?, a oiio /ene? a nenoai?
iaaaeaao?cueeiai i?aaa (A.Nainiiiae/, A.Ea?i?inueeee, O.Nia?ia).

Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?nueeiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy ?noi?eeaie Eueaiaa (aei 1939
?.) caneoaiaothoue ia iniaeeao oaaao. Caii/aoeiaai? aiie o o?ii?eao
ss.Aeaiaaea, A.C?ii?iae/a, ss.THcaoiae/a oa eiii?eyoeaieo ?iaioao ia
eooaeo “Historii stolecznego Krolewstwa Galicyi i Lodomeryi Miasta
Lwowa” ?.Oiaeeiaoeueeiai. Ia?oee, o?ii?eaeueii-aeaea?aeiciaa/ee, aoai
euea?anueei? ?noi??ia?ao?? caaa?oo?oueny i?aoeyie Ae.Coa?eoeueeiai.

Ianooiia, ye?nii iiaa noaae?y, iia’ycaia ?c caaaeueiei ?icea?oii
iieuenueei? ?noi?e/ii? iaoee oa ?icaeoeii o. ca. aa?oaanueeiai
iiceoea?cio (1863-90), oa?aeoa?eco?oueny oe?ieith i?ia?aiith aeaeaiiy
aeaea?ae, a oiio /ene? noiniaii i?iaeaie i?no oa i?nueeiai
naiia?yaeoaaiiy, iiyaith aiae?oe/ieo (ia ??ai? naiai /ano), aeaea?aeueii
i?aee??ieaieo iiiia?ao?e.

I?ii?aeiith eaieith i?ae aeaiia aoaiaie ?icaeoeo euea?anueei? oeiee aoee
iaoa??aee A.Oiaeaea?a. Iaeieie c ia?oeo ni?ia iiai? ?noi??ia?ao?? noaee:
neioaoe/ia ?iaioa eonoioa euea?anueeiai a?o?ao E.?ania “Beitraege zur
Geschichte der Stadt Lemberg”, i?aoe? E.E?nea (aeaeaiiy aeaea?ae uiaei
i?nueeiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy) oa A.Eic?inueeiai (aeine?aeaeaiiy iao?eoe?aoo
oa i?uainoaa).

Iiaee iiooiao o aeine?aeaeaii? ?noi??? i?no aeaa II c’?cae iieuenueeeo
?noi?ee?a (Euea?a, 1890 ?.), aea iinoaei ieoaiiy oe?oi? ioae?eaoe??
aeaea?ae c ?noi??? i?no, ianaiia?aae Eueaiaa — iaeiiai c iaea?eueoeo
i?no ?a/? Iiniieeoi?.

Iai?ee?ioe? O?O — ia ii/aoeo OO no. ia ye?nii iiaiio ??ai?
i?iaeiaaeoaaeenue aeine?aeaeaiiy ?noi??? Eueaiaa (TH.Nei/ae, O.Iai?,
O.ssai?nueeee oa ?i.), Naiai?a (A.Aea?oea?), Ae?iaiae/a (A.Iiey/e?aia),
Nyiiea (I.Aeiiaeianueeee), Iiaiai Nii/a (A.Aaeiio). Ci?ie a oa?aeoa??
nooae?e caii/aoeoaaa O.Aoye, iieacaaoe aeuee, ai?ae oea aoei i?eeiyoi a
?noi??ia?ao??, ??aaiue ?icaeoeo neia’yinueeeo caiaeue aei i?iaoeueei?
eieii?caoe??. I?iaeaio aaiace iieuenueeeo i?no ?icaeyaeaee
C.Aieoeaoianueeee oa E.Iaea/einueeee.

*e ia iaea?eueoa aeey aea/aiiy ?noi??? iieuenueeeo i?no ?
naiia?yaeoaaiiy c?iaea ss.Ioaoi?e, ?icaeyaeath/e ??ci? aniaeoe i?nueeiai
aeeooy, a oiio /ene? i?aai?a eiio?ieth iini?euenoaa iaae iaa?no?aoaie.
I?iaeiaaeoaaee oaiaoeeo aeine?aeaeaiiy A.A?eaae/a uiaei iaaoooy
i?nueeiai a?iiaaeyinoaa.

*eiaea cia/aiiy aeey ?icai?oaiiy o?aai?noe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue iaei
a?oioaaiiy iaoa??ae?a o i?eaaoieo ca??eao (E.?aen, E.Oa?aae/iaa). A oeae
/an iiaiei oiaeii ?icai?oa?oueny i?ia?aia aeaeaiiy aeaea?ae — iecee
euea?anueeeo i?nueeeo eiea, yeo i?iaaaeeee A.*ieianueeee, E.Aaaeaoeueeee
oa ?i. ?noi?eee oa a?o?a?noe Eueaiaa i?aeaiooaaee aei ae?oeo nienee
o?yaeiee?a ie?aieo ai?aiaenoa (/anoeia c ieo oae ? caeeoeeanue
iaaeaeaiith). No/ani? aeine?aeaeaiiy iieuenueeeo o/aieo (caii/aoeiaaia o
1985 ?. i?ia?aia noai?aiiy ? aea/aiiy niene?a o?yaeiee?a ?a/? Iiniieeoi?
XII-XVIII no. ca ?aaeaeoe??th A.Aiinuei?ianueeiai) ? nai???aeiei
i?iaeiaaeaiiyi iacaaa?oaii? i?aoe? euea?anueeeo ?noi?ee?a ia?oi?
iieiaeie OO no.

Aeine?aeieee ao?ooaaeeny iaaeiei Euea?anueeeo iaoeiaeo oiaa?enoa
(?noi?e/iiai oa i?aaie/iai) oa Euea?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo, aea
aeeeaaeaee E.Oa?aae/iaa, O.Aoye, ss.Ioaoi?e, I.Aaeueoea?,
E.Aaaeaoeueeee, A.Aaeiio, I.Aeiiaeianueeee, E.Ei?ai? oa ?i. Ie?ai?
i?iaeaie i?nueeiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy ?ice?eaaee aeine?aeieoeuee? ?iaioe
nooaeaio?a oi?aa?neoaoo.

Oaeei /eiii, Euea?a aoa iaeiei c iaeiiooaei?oeo oeaio??a aeine?aeaeaiiy
?noi?eei-i?aaiaeo aniaeo?a i?nueeiai aeeooy i?ciueiai na?aaeiueia?//y oa
/an?a ?a/? Iiniieeoi?. sse caaaeii na?aae iieuenueeeo ?noi?ee?a, oae ?
na?aae ?noi?ee?a Eueaiaa, iniaeeaith iiioey?i?noth ei?enooaaeenue a oeae
/an ?aa?iiaeuei? i?noeaa? aeine?aeaeaiiy, a yeeo ia eiie?aoiiio ?
ae??a’yceiai aeaoae?ciaaiiio aeaea?aeueiiio iaoa??ae? ?icaeyaeaeenue
a?eueo caaaeuei? ieoaiiy i?nueeiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy. ?ic?iaee
i?iaaaeeeenue ca oaeeie iai?yiaie: aea/aiiy nenoaie oi?aae?iiy a ?a/?
Iiniieeo?e, aeine?aeaeaiiy uiaeaiiiai aeeooy ie?aieo i?no, a?oaia?ao?/i?
nooae??, iia’ycai? c ooieoe?iioaaiiyi ie?aieo iaa?no?ao?a oiui. I?nueea
iaaaeaao?cueea i?aai yeui ? aeine?aeaeoaaeinue, oi eeoa a /ania?e nai?e
o?ainoi?iaoe??. Oa?eoi??aeuei? iniaeeaino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy
iaaaeaao?cueeiai i?aaa i?aeoe/ii ia ?icaeyaeaeenue. Neaai aea/aeenue
ie?ai? oai?aoe/i? aniaeoe.

Caaaeii, o ia?o?e iieiaei? OO no. euea?anuee? ?noi?eee, caaaaoeaoe
aeaea?aeueio aaco i?iaeaie, noai?eee iaae?eiee a?oio aeey iiaeaeueoeo
ocaaaeueithth/eo oai?aoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue. *eiaei ?aeae,
caii/aoeiaaieo euea?anueeeie ?noi?eeaie ia ii/aoeo noie?ooy, iei?
?icaeaathoueny iieuenueeeie oa oe?a?inueeeie ?noi?eeaie.

O aeniiaeao ii??aiththoueny caeiaooee ie?aieo iaoe?iiaeueieo
?noi??ia?ao?e o oea?ei? aeine?aeaeaiiy iaaaeaao?cueeiai i?aaa
Oeaio?aeueii-No?aeii? ?a?iie, aecia/ai? iaeiaeine?aeaeai? oa aeeneon?ei?
i?iaeaie, cai?iiiiiaaiee aaoi?nueeee i?aeo?ae aei ?o ae??oaiiy.
Ocaaaeueiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy e aeeeaaeaii
iniiai? iieiaeaiiy, ui aeiinyoueny ia caoeno.

1. Iieuenueea ?noi??ia?ao?y ieoaiiy ia? aeaai?o? o?aaeeoe?? oa
nooo?a?o? caeiaooee, i?ae oe?a?inueea, ai: a) ?noi?e/ia iaoea a Iieueu?
caaaeaee ?icaeaaeany o ni?eyoeea?oeo oiiaao, a) c 1918 ?. aiia
ei?enooaaeany i?aeo?eieith aeanii? iaoe?iiaeueii? aea?aeaae, a) o
iieuenuee?e ?noi??ia?ao?? ia aoei oaeeo aeiei??iieo ci?i iaoe?iiaeueii?
i???ioaoe??, yeeo caciaea oe?a?inueea, a) ia aoei ooo ? i?yieo ?ic?ea?a
?noi??ia?ao?/ii? o?aaeeoe??, a aeaye? oaie, caii/aoeiaai? ua ia iaae?
XIX e OO no., ?ic?iaeythoueny e aeiiei?, ae) iaa?oue ca eiioi?noe/ii?
aeaaee iieuenueea ?noi??ia?ao?y ia aoea oaeith cae?eoith e
ca?aeaieia?ciaaiith, ye ?aaeyinueea.

2. Iieuenuee? ?noi?eee eiioeaio?oaaee oaaao ia aea/aii? ianooiieo
ieoaiue: e?euee?niee oa ye?niee ae?ac i?iaoeueei? eieii?caoe??, ?? aieea
ia ?icaeoie i?aaiai? nenoaie i?no Oeaio?aeueii-No?aeii? ?a?iie, iiiyooy
eieaoe?eiiai aeieoiaioo, eeaneo?eaoe?y eieaoe?e, eieaoe?? aaeae? ?
iaaaeae?, eieaoe?? oa ?aeieaoe??, eieaoe?? ie?aieo i?no, ?inoeooo
a?eo?anoaa, nioe?aeueiee oa iaoe?iiaeueiee neeaae i?aai?a i?nueeiai
naiia?yaeoaaiiy, ?o ooieoe?iioaaiiy, o?ainoi?iaoe?y, aca?iica’ycee c
iaoe?iiaeueieie a?iiaaeaie oiui. Iaei??th c eeth/iaeo ? i?iaeaia
i?inoi?iai? oa /aniai? o?ainoi?iaoe?? iaaaeaao?cueeiai i?aaa.

3. Oe?a?inueea ?noi??ia?ao?y iaaaeaao?cueeiai i?aaa cina?aaeaeoaaea
naith oaaao ia oaeeo aniaeoao: eiai nooiino?, ?ie? a ?noi???
oe?a?inueeeo i?no, iaiaaeaiiy iei i?aaiaiai noaoono aaoiooiiiiai
ianaeaiiy. Iaoii?noue, caeeoathoueny iaaeinoaoiuei aena?oeaieie i?iaeaie
eieaoe?eieo i?ea?ea?a, ieoaiiy ?icaeoeo i?nueeeo i?aa, aoaiiino?
eieoaaiiy i?no ia iaaaeaao?cueeiio i?aa?, naiia?yaeoaaiiy ie?aieo i?no,
a?aei?iiino? o i?nueeiio naiia?yaeoaaii? aaeeeeo oa iaeeo i?no.

4. Oe?a?inueea ?noi??ia?ao?y a?aecia/aeany iaaei??iith
?aeaieia?caoe??th oa iie?oecaoe??th aeaii? i?iaeaie. Eeoa a inoaii?
?iee, eiee oe?a?inueea noni?euenoai noaei a?aee?eo?oei ? ciaioeeany
aino?ioa iio?aae iieacoaaoe /eiieee, ye? ia?aoeiaeaeaee oe?a?ioeyi
ooai?eoe naith aea?aeaao, oe?a?inueea ?noi??ia?ao?y iaaaeaao?cueeiai
i?aaa noaea ia’?eoeai?oith, aeeaoith oa ??ciinoi?iii?oith.

5. Iieuenueea ?noi??ia?ao?y i?iaeaie oaeiae ia iicaaaeaia ?noioieo
aaae: a) o i?aoeyo iieuenueeeo ?noi?ee?a ii ??ciiio o?aeoo?oueny ?ieue
i?iaoeueei? eieii?caoe?? oa cai?iaaaeaeaiiy iaaaeaao?cueeiai i?aaa ia
aoi?/ieo iieuenueeeo caieyo ? i?aeaeaaeieo Iieueu? oa?eoi??yo Oe?a?ie oa
A?ei?on? — uiaei inoaii?o iniaeeai i?aee?aneth?oueny oeea?e?caoe?eia
i?n?y eieii?no?a, oi/ iani?aaae? ?oiy ?ieue aoea aiaeia?/ia ia an?o
ia?ae?/aieo oa?aiao; a) ia an? ia??iaee ooieoe?iioaaiiy iaaaeaao?cueeiai
i?aaa aeine?aeaeai? iieuenueeeie ?noi?eeaie ?c iaeaaeiith iiaiioith,
cie?aia iaaeinoaoiuei aea/aia ?ieue i?aaiai? nenoaie i?no o e?ec?, yea
a?aoo?-?aoo i?ecaaea aei ?o caiaiaaeo, ia iiai?noth ?ica’ycaia ieoaiiy
oa?eoi??aeueii? aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? iaaaeaao?cueeiai i?aaa; a) a?eueo?noue
aeine?aeaeaiue aeeiiai? a nooi iiceoea?nonueeiio aeon?, i?e caeo/aii?
iaeneioio aeinooiieo aeaea?ae ? i?i?ioi? aaoi?nueeeo oai?aoe/ieo
aeeeaaeie uiaei i?iaeaie.

6. Ia i?aenoaa? caeiaooe?a iieuenueei? oa oe?a?inueei? ?noi??ia?ao??
iiaeia eiinoaooaaoe, ui naiia?yaeoaaiiy i?no ia i?iaoeueeiio i?aa? aoei
ia ooo/ii i?eaianaiei ?cciai? yaeuai, a ?iiaiaioiith iio?aaith,
noi?iiaaiith o i?ioean? ?noi?e/iiai ?icaeoeo noni?euenoaa. I?aaiaa
eieaoe?y ia aoei ai? ii/aoeii, ai? e?ioeai oi?ioaaiiy i?aai?a
naiia?yaeoaaiiy. Oea o?eaaeee i?ioean, yeee aecia/aany on?i aeiiii?/iei,
iie?oe/iei ? nioe?aeueiei aeeooyi i?noa ?, ?acii c oei, iaa ia iueiai
cai?ioiee aieea. Iaaaeaao?cueea i?aai noaei th?eaee/iei ioi?ieaiiyi
caeiiii??iiai i?ioeano aeieeiaiiy i?uainoaa ye noaio.

Caaaeii, ieoaiiy i?iaoeueei? eieii?caoe?? oa iaaaeaao?cueeiai i?aaa ia
eeoa neeaaeia, a e ca?aeaieia?ciaaia, ie??i oiai aiii caeeoa?oueny
a?aee?eoei aeey iiaeaeueoeo aeine?aeaeaiue.

Aeey iieuenueei? ?noi?e/ii? iaoee aeooaeueieie ? eeoa caiiaiaiiy
ia/eneaiieo i?iaaeei o aeine?aeaeaii? naiia?yaeoaaiiy ie?aieo i?no,
ioae?eaoe?y aeaea?ae uiaei aeaii? oaie oa ae??oaiiy /e ia iaeiaio
aeine?aeaeaiiai a oe?e aaeoc? ieoaiiy — ?ie? i?nueeiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy o
e?ec? i?no XVI no.

Oe?a?inuee?e ?noi??ia?ao?? iaiao?aeii aeine?aeeoe eieaoe?eiee oa
?aeieaoe?eiee i?ioeane XIV-XVI no., no?oeoo?o i?aai?a naiia?yaeoaaiiy,
iniaeeaino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy i?nueeeo aeaae. Ne?ae aea/eoe
naiia?yaeoaaiiy eiaeiiai i?noa cie?aia, ? eeoa a oeueiio eiioaeno? —
i?nueea naiia?yaeoaaiiy caaaeii. O?aaa iieacaoe aieea i?nueeiai
naiia?yaeoaaiiy ia aoi?/i? i?ioeane. Aaaeeeai i?e oeueiio oieeiooe
aocueeiiaoe?iiaeueiiai i?aeoiaeo, a ?icaeyaeaoe i?nueea naiia?yaeoaaiiy
a eiioaeno? ?nioth/eo ia oie /an aea?aeaa.

C?icoi?ei, ui oe? caaaeaiiy iiaeooue aooe ae??oai? eeoa ni?eueieie
coneeeyie oe?a?inueeeo oa ca?oa?aeieo, cie?aia iieuenueeeo, ?noi?ee?a.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? a?aeia?aaeai? a ianooiieo ioae?eaoe?yo:

1. Euea?anueea iaaaeaao?a?y /a?ac i?ecio ie?aieo ?oeiienieo aeaea?ae
(XIV-XVII no.) // Oe?a?ia a ieioeiio. — Aei. 2. — E., 1992. — N. 27-50.

2. ?noi??ia?ao?/i? i?iaeaie iaaaeaao?cueeiai i?aaa a Oe?a?i? // Oe?a?ia
a ieioeiio. — Aei. 4. — E., 1993. — N. 40-63.

3. ?aoe.: Urzednicy wojewodztwa Be?skiego i ziemi Che?mskiej XVI-XVIII
wieku. — Kornik, 1992. — 284 c. // Oe?a?ia a ieioeiio. — Aei. 4. — E.,
1993. — N. 212-214.

4. Eieaeoe?y ia/aoie oiiaeo ie?aieo iaaeoiaeaeaiue a?aeae?eo ?oeiien?a
EIA ?i. A.Noaoaieea AI Oe?a?ie // O?aoy iaoeiaa aa?aeueaee/ia
eiioa?aioe?y — Euea?a, 1993. — N. 27-29.

5. I?iaeaie iaaeaiiy iaaaeaao?cueeiai i?aaa i?noai Oe?a?ie.
?noi??ia?ao?y ieoaiiy // Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie ?icaeoeo i?no ? i?nueeiai
naiia?yaeoaaiiy (?noi??y ? no/ani?noue). Oace i?aeia?iaeii?
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe??. ??aia, 7-9 ea?oiy 1993 ?. — ??aia,
1993. — N. 3-5.

6. E?a?ciaa/? iaoa??aee euea?anueeeo ?noi?ee?a c oiiae?a OeAe?A Oe?a?ie
o i. Eueaia? // Euea?a. ?noi??y — ianaeaiiy — eoeueoo?a. Oace
oe?a?inueei-iieuenueei? iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe??. 18-20 o?aaiy 1994 ?. —
Euea?a, 1994. — N. 31-33.

7. Euea?anueeee iaa?no?ao XVI no. /a?ac i?ecio a?o?aieo aeaea?ae //
I?iaeaie i?noiaoaeoaaiiy Cao?aeii? Oe?a?ie. — Euea?a, 1994. — N. 84-86.

8. Iaaaeaao?cueea i?aai a Oe?a?i?: ?noi??ia?ao?y i?iaeaie // Iaoa??aee
can?aeaiue ?noi?e/ii? oa A?oaia?ao?/ii? eii?n?e IOO o Eueaia? (ethoee
1992 ?. — aeiaoaiue 1993 ?.) — Euea?a, 1994. — N. 16-19.

9. Iaeia?aeii? iaoa??aee ?noi?ee?a Eueaiaa // Oe?a?ia a ieioeiio. — Aei.
6. — Euea?a, 1994. — N.54-77.

10. No/aniee iiaeyae ia ?noi??th Iieioeueea ia oii? iaoe?iiaeueii?
?noi??? A?ei?on? (?aoe. ia ei.: A?eic O. Oayii?oeu iieaoeeae a?noi?u?. —
I?ine, 1994 — 463 n.) // Oe?a?ia a ieioeiio. — Aei. 6. — Euea?a, 1994 —
N. 193-199.

11. C ?noi??? iaaaeaao?cueeiai i?aaa o Eueaia? XIV-XVI no. // Euea?a:
?noi?e/i? ia?ene. — Euea?a: ?inoeooo oe?a?iiciaanoaa ?i. ?.E?ei’yeaae/a
IAI Oe?a?ie, 1996. — N. 54-70.

AIIOAOe?ss

Aioei O.Ae. Iaaaeaao?cueea i?aai Oeaio?aeueii-No?aeii? ?a?iie XIII-XVIII
no. a oe?a?inuee?e oa iieuenuee?e ?noi??ia?ao??. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa ?noi?e/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 07.00.06. — ?noi??ia?ao?y, aeaea?aeiciaanoai ?
niaoe?aeuei? ?noi?e/i? aeenoeeie?ie. — ?inoeooo oe?a?inueei? a?oaia?ao??
oa aeaea?aeiciaanoaa ?i. I.N.A?ooaanueeiai IAI Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1999.
Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia ii??aiyeueiiio aiae?co caeiaooe?a iieuenueei? oa
oe?a?inueei? ?noi??ia?ao?? a oea?ei? aea/aiiy iaaaeaao?cueeiai i?aaa
Oeaio?aeueii-No?aeii? ?a?iie XIII-XVIII no. Aaoi? ?icaeyaea? i??o
aeine?aeaeaiino? ??cieo aniaeo?a i?iaeaie, iieaco? ye iiceoeai?, oae ?
iaaaoeai? iiiaioe iieuenueei? oa oe?a?inueei? ?noi??ia?ao?? ? ia oe?e
iniia? aecia/a? iiaeaeueo? ia?niaeoeae aea/aiiy ieoaiiy. C?iaeaii ni?iao
i?iaiae?coaaoe aieea nioe?aeueii?, iie?oe/ii? oa iaoe?iiaeueii?
i???ioaoe?? ?noi?ee?a ia ia’?eoeai?noue aena?oeaiiy i?iaeaie.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: iaaaeaao?cueea i?aai, i?nueea naiia?yaeoaaiiy,
Oeaio?aeueii-No?aeia ?a?iia, oe?a?inueea ?noi??ia?ao?y, iieuenueea
?noi??ia?ao?y, ?noi?e/ia oeiea, ?noi??ia?ao?/iee ina?aaeie.

AIIIOAOeEss

Aioei O.Ae. Iaaaeaao?aneia i?aai Oeaio?aeueii-Ainoi/iie Aa?iiu
XIII-XVIII aa. a oe?aeineie e iieueneie enoi?eia?aoee. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/?iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa enoi?e/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 07.00.06. — enoi?eia?aoey, enoi/ieeiaaaeaiea e
niaoeeaeueiua enoi?e/aneea aeenoeeieeiu. — Einoeooo oe?aeineie
a?oaia?aoee e enoi/ieeiaaaeaiey ei. I.N.A?ooaaneiai IAI Oe?aeiu, Eeaa,
1999. Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia n?aaieoaeueiiio aiaeeco aeinoeaeaiee
iieueneie e oe?aeineie enoi?eia?aoee a noa?a eco/aiey iaaaeaao?aneiai
i?aaa Oeaio?aeueii-Ainoi/iie Aa?iiu XIII-XVIII aa. Aaoi? ?anniao?eaaao
ia?o enneaaeiaaiiinoe ?aciuo aniaeoia i?iaeaiu, iieacuaaao eae
iieiaeeoaeueiua, oae e io?eoeaoaeueiua iiiaiou iieueneie e oe?aeineie
enoi?eia?aoee e ia yoie iniiaa ii?aaeaeyao aeaeueiaeoea ia?niaeoeau
eco/aiey aii?ina. Naeaeaia iiiuoea i?iaiaeece?iaaoue aeeyiea
nioeeaeueiie, iieeoe/aneie e iaoeeiiaeueiie i?eaioaoeee enoi?eeia ia
iauaeoeaiinoue inaauaiey i?iaeaiu.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: iaaaeaao?aneia i?aai, ai?iaeneia naiioi?aaeaiea,
Oeaio?aeueii-Ainoi/iay Aa?iia, oe?aeineay enoi?eia?aoey, iieueneay
enoi?eia?aoey, enoi?e/aneay oeiea, enoi?eia?aoe/aneee oeaio?.

ABSTRACT

Hoshko T.D. Magdeburg Law in East-Central Europe in 13th-18th centuries
in Ukrainian and Polish historiography. — Manuscript.

The dissertation for a Candidate of historical science’s degree,
speciality 07.00.06 — historiography, sources study science and special
historical disciplines. — M.S.Hrushevsky Institute of Ukrainian
Archaeography and Sources Study Science, National Academy of Sciences of
Ukraine, Kiev, 1999.

The dissertation deals with comparative analysis of achievements of
Polish and Ukrainian historiography in the field of study of Magdeburg
Law in East-Central Europe in 13th-18th centuries.

The first chapter “The state of study of the problem. The source base”
reviews the literature on the subject problem and briefly characterises
the source base of the dissertation.

The second chapter “Ukrainian historiography” presents the study of the
municipal law research by different schools in Ukrainian national
historiography and representatives of the Soviet and post-Soviet
historiography.

The third chapter “Polish historiography” reviews the studies of
Magdeburg Law by Polish historians; a separate sub-chapter is devoted to
the accomplishments of the Lviv historical school which made an
especially significant contribution into the study of German Law issues,
including those on Ukrainian lands.

The main contentions of the dissertation are the following.

The Polish historiography boasts more formidable in studying the problem
than Ukrainian. Polish historians concentrated on the study of the
following questions: quantitative and qualitative manifestation of
German colonization; its influence on the development of the legal
systems of Central and Eastern European towns; locations of towns;
social and national composition of the municipal self-government, its
operation, transformation and ties with national communities, etc. One
of the key issues is the one of Magdeburg Law transformation in space
and time.

The Ukrainian historiography of Magdeburg Law focused attention on the
following aspects: its nature; its role in the history of Ukrainian
cities; the limitations it imposed on the rights of indigenous
population. At the same time, such topics remain insufficiently studied
as location privileges, development of urban rights, the stages of
location of towns on Magdeburg Law, self-government of particular
municipal communities, differences in municipal self government of
bigger cities and small towns.

Ukrainian historiography was characterized by excessive ideologization
and politization of the problem. Only in recent years Ukrainian
historiography of Magdeburg Law became more impartial, more profound and
versatile.

Polish historiography is not devoid of considerable shortcomings either:
a) Polish historians in their works take different approaches to the
role of German colonization and introduction of Magdeburg Law on the
Polish ethnic lands and Ukrainian and Belorussian territories dominated
by Poland — in latter case the civilizational role of colonists is
particularly stressed, while their role was the same on all of the
mentioned territories; b) not all of the periods of Magdeburg Law are
studied by Polish historians with sufficient thoroughness, in
particular, understudied is the role of the urban legal system in the
crisis that ultimately lead to decline of towns; the question of
territorial differentiation of Magdeburg Law is not resolved to
satisfaction; c) most studies follow purely positivist pattern, with
making use of maximum of available sources and minimal theoretical
elaboration of the problem.

On the basis of achievements of Polish and Ukrainian historiographies is
possible to conclude that Magdeburg Law municipal self-government was
not an external artificial phenomenon, but an intrinsic need that took
shape in the process of historical development of society. The judicial
location was neither the beginning nor the end of the formation of
self-government institutions. This lengthy process was determined by the
economic, political, and social life of a town, and simultaneously had a
reciprocal influence on its development. Magdeburg Law came to be a
legalization of a historically determined process of the emergence of an
urban class.

The Polish historical science faces only the need to fill in the few
gaps concerning self-government of particular municipal communities. The
Ukrainian historiography needs to study location and relocation
processes of 14th-16th centuries; the structure of self-government
bodies; the particularities of functioning of the municipal authorities.
The influence of municipal self-government on ethnic processes should be
exposed. Although a number of questions remain open, Polish and
Ukrainian historians laid down a firm foundation of researching the
problem.

Key words: Magdeburg Law, municipal self-government, East-Central
Europe, Ukrainian historiography, Polish historiography, historical
school, historiographic centre.

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 19.01.99 ?.

Oi?iao 60o841/16. Oi. ae?oe. a?e. 1,25

Iae.-aeae. a?e. 1,5. Iaeeaae 100.

Aeae?oeiaaii o aeaeaaie/iio oeaio??

Iaoeiaiai oiaa?enoaa ?i.Oaa/aiea o Eueaia?

290013, Euea?a, aoe. aai. *oi?eiee, 21.

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