EE?ANUeEEE OI?AA?NEOAO

?IAI? OA?ANA OAA*AIEA

AI?ENAIEI IE?INEAA AIEIAeEIE?IAE*

OAeE 930.8(477: 1920-1932): 883.2

E?OA?AOO?I? I?AAI?CAOe?? A NONI?EUeII-IIE?OE*IIIO AEEOO? OE?A?IE
(1920-1932??.)

07. 00. 01 — ?noi??y Oe?a?ie

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa ?noi?e/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? iia?oiuei? ?noi??? Oe?a?ie Ee?anueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — aeieoi? ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

IE?IIAOeUe IAAe?ss ?AAI?AIA

i?ioani? eaoaae?e iia?oiuei? ?noi??? Oe?a?ie

Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe — aeieoi? ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

AeAIEEAIEI A?EOI? IEOAEEIAE*

caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eo ?noi??? eoeueoo?e oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo

?inoeoooo ?noi??? Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie

eaiaeeaeao ?noi?e/ieo iaoe

EIE?I NA?A?E AIAOIE?EIAE*

aieiaiee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee Aea?aeaaiiai a?o?ao NAO

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — Euea?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao ?i. ?aaia
O?aiea, eaoaae?a iia?oiuei? ?noi??? Oe?a?ie

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “22”__eenoiiaaea_____1999 ?., i_14__aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.001.20 o Ee?anueeiio
oi?aa?neoao? ?iai?

Oa?ana Oaa/aiea (252033, i.Ee?a, aoe.Aieiaeeie?nueea,60, aoae. 349).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o iaoeia?e a?ae?ioaoe?
Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea (252033, i.Ee?a, aoe.
Aieiaeeie?nueea, 58).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 20 “____aeiaoiy_________1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

eaiaeeaeao ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio AIAEEI
I.?.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe?? iaoiiaeaia eia?eith i?iaeaie oa caaaeaiiyie
aeine?aeaeaiiy. ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, /ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a (7
ia?aa?ao?a), aeniiae?a (caaaeueiee ianya oaenoo iniiaii? /anoeie
aeena?oaoe?? -178 n.), nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae ? e?oa?aoo?e (13 n.,
205 iaca).

Anooi. Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy. E?oa?aoo?a, ye ? ienoaoeoai
a oe?eiio, ? neeaaeiaith /anoeiith eoeueoo?e, a ye?e a?aeia?aaeathoueny
an? noni?eueii-iie?oe/i? e aeooiai? i?ioeane, ui i?eoaiaii?
noni?euenoao ia oiio /e ?ioiio aoai? ?nioaaiiy. Eiaeia ?noi?e/ia aiioa
ii?iaeaeo? nai? ienoaoeoai, c nai?ie aeaeaie, oi?iaie e noeeyie, ye?
aae?athoue o naaa anth neeaaei?noue ia??iaeo.

Ioaea, aecia/aiiy iniiaieo iai?yi?a i?aeei?aiiy aeaaeith e?oa?aoo?iiai
aeeooy Oe?a?ie a 1920-o ?ieao ? iaiao?aeiei aeey ?noi?e/ii? iaoee
nueiaiaeaiiy. Ii-ia?oa, ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c noni?eueii-iie?oe/ieo
i?ioean?a oa eoeueoo?iiai aeeooy Oe?a?ie a cacia/aiee ia??iae aea?
iiaeeea?noue iiai?oa ?aeiino?othaaoe i?ioean anoaiiaeaiiy oioae?oa?iiai
?aaeeio a Oe?a?i? a 1920-o ?ieao. Ii-ae?oaa, aea/aiiy e?oa?aoo?iiai
aeeooy a aeiao noae?i?cio, ye neeaaeiai? /anoeie oioae?oa?ii? eoeueoo?e,
aea? iiaeeea?noue aeaoaeuei?oa i?ciaoe oea yaeua, yea a oe?a?inuee?e
?noi?e/i?e iaooe? ia aeine?aeaeoaaeiny. Ii-o?ao?, eiiieaenia aea/aiiy
e?oa?aoo?iiai aeeooy a eiioaeno? noni?eueii-iie?oe/iiai i?ioeano, ?o
aca?iiaieeae, a?aeiineie oa noia?a/iino? a?aee?eaa? oe?ie? iiaeeeaino?
ia?aae ?noi?e/iith iaoeith aeey a?eueo iiaiiai oa ia`?eoeaiiai i?ciaiiy.

Iei? ?nio? ?yae i?iaeo?a, /anoi i?ioeeaaeieo, aaiiie?oe/ii? i???ioaoe??
iacaeaaeii? Oe?a?ie. O nai?e a?eueoino? aiie, ye ? a aeeneon??
e?oa?aoi??a 1920-o ?ie?a, caiaeyoueny aei aeeeaie — No?ae /e Cao?ae,
a?ae ae??oaiiy yei? noaaeoueny a caeaaei?noue ?noi?e/ia aeiey ye
iaoe?iiaeueii? aea?aeaae, oae, aeania, ? naiiai ia?iaeo.

Ia`?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? e?oa?aoo?i? i?aai?caoe?? a Oe?a?i? 1920
-1932 ??., ?o ae?yeuei?noue, ono??e, eoeueoo?i? oa ?aeaieia?/i? canaaee,
a oaeiae ?oi? i?noea e ?ieue o noni?eueii-iie?oe/iiio aeeoo? e?a?ie.

I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? eiie?aoi? caoiaee ia?o?eiiai e
?aaeyinueeiai ea??aieoeoaa ii i?aeii?yaeeoaaiith nai?io aieeaia? an?o
noi??i aeeooy e?oa?aoo?ieo i?aai?caoe?e Oe?a?ie a 1920-1932 ??., iaoiaee
? caniae ?o ?aae?caoe?? oa ?aaeoe?y ia ieo oe?a?inueeeo ienueiaiiee?a.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a eiiieaeniiio aiae?c?, ia iniia?
ocaaaeueiaiiy ? e?eoe/iiai inieneaiiy an?o aeinooiieo aeaea?ae oa
iaoeiaeo ioae?eaoe?e, e?oa?aoo?iiai aeeooy a Oe?a?i? a
noni?eueii-iie?oe/iiio eiioaeno?.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe iaiao?aeii ae??oeoe iniiai?
caaaeaiiy:

— ?ice?eoe iniiai? i?ioe??//y o noni?eueii-iie?oe/iiio aeeoo? Oe?a?ie
ia?oi? iieiaeie 1920-o ?ie?a;

— aeine?aeeoe i?ioean anoaiiaeaiiy a?eueoiaeoeueeiai eiio?ieth iaae
e?oa?aoo?iei aeeooyi a oeae ia??iae;

— anaa?/ii aena?oeeoe ae?yeuei?noue e?oa?aoo?ieo i?aai?caoe?e o ia?o?e
iieiaei? 1920-o ?ie?a;

— cae?enieoe nenoaiaoe/iee ? aeaoaeueiee aiae?c ai?ioueae
noni?eueii-iie?oe/ieo ?aeae o oiae? e?oa?aoo?ii? aeeneon?? 1925-1926
??.;

— ?aeiino?othaaoe i?ioean ia?aoai?aiiy e?oa?aoo?ii? aeeneon?? ia
iie?oe/io eaiiai?th;

— aeine?aeeoe neeia? iaoiaee i?aai?a aeaaee ia caaa?oaeueiiio aoai?
e?oa?aoo?ii? ai?ioueae;

— aecia/eoe iniiai? aoaie i?aeii?yaeeoaaiiy aeaaeith no?oeoo?e e
ae?yeueiino? e?oa?aoo?ieo ia`?aeiaiue ia ii/aoeo 1930-o ?ie?a.

Iaoiaeieia?/iith aacith ?iaioe ? ii?aeiaiiy aeaio eiioeaiooaeueieo
i?aeoiae?a i?e aeine?aeaeaii? ?noi?e/iiai i?ioeano: iiceoea?nonueei?
eiioeaioe?? ?noi?e/iiai i?ciaiiy oa no?oeoo?ii-nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo.

Iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy: i?iaeaiii-o?iiieia?/iee, ii??aiyeueiee, iaoiae
eia?/iiai aiae?co oa ocaaaeueiaiiy.

O?iiieia?/i? ?aiee aeine?aeaeaiiy iaiaaeothoueny 1920-1932 ??. Ii/aoie
ia??iaeo iia`ycaiee c inoaoi/iei anoaiiaeaiiyi iie?oe/ii? aeaaee
a?eueoiaee?a ia oa?eoi??? Oe?a?ie. E?ioeaa? ?aiee ?iaioe iaiaaeai? 1932
?., eiee ia?o?ei? i?aaie iiai?noth anoaiiaeee eiio?ieue iaae
e?oa?aoo?ith.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a oiio, ui aaoi? oia?oa a
?noi??ia?ao?? eiiieaenii aeine?aeea caeiiii??iino? oa iniaeeaino?
oi?o?eaoe?? aeaaeith e?oa?aoo?iiai aeeooy Oe?a?ie a 1920-1932 ??.
Iie?oeea a?eueoiaee?a o aaeoc? eoeueoo?e iieacaia, ye iaeei c iai?yi?a
ooaa?aeaeaiiy oioae?oa?iiai ?aaeeio a Oe?a?i?. ?ic?iaeaii aaoi?nueeo
eiioeaioe?th oi?o?eaoe?? no?oeoo?e e ae?yeueiino? e?oa?aoo?ieo
ia`?aeiaiue. Aeine?aeaeaii iniiai? iaoiaee a?eueoiaee?a, ni?yiiaai? ia
i?aeei?aiiy e?oa?aoo?iiai aeeooy ?aeaieia?/iei aeiaiai.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeena?oaoe?? iieyaa? a oiio, ui c?iaeai? a i?e
aeniiaee ?icoe?ththoue ? iiaeeaeththoue oai?aoe/i? ciaiiy i?i
caeiiii??iino? e iniaeeaino? ca`yce?a i?ae eoeueoo?ith oa aeaaeith.

Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? aoaeooue ei?enieie i?e i?aeaioiaoe?
ocaaaeueithth/eo ? niaoe?aeueieo i?aoeue c ?noi??? Oe?a?ie OO no.,
noai?aii? iin?aiee?a ? i?ae?o/iee?a, i?aeaioiaoe? ii?iaoeaieo eo?n?a c
?noi??? Oe?a?ie.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy cae?enithaaeany o oi?i?
iaaiai?aiue ia can?aeaiiyo eaoaae?e ? aeiiia?aeae ia iaoeiaeo
eiioa?aioe?yo: O?aoy I?aeia?iaeia iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ia nooaeaionueea
?noi?e/ia eiioa?aioe?y (E., 1996); Ae?oaa Anaoe?a?inueea
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ia eiioa?aioe?y iieiaeeo iaoeiaoe?a. Iaoe?iiaeuei? oa
aoiinioe?euei? i?ioeane a Oe?a?i?. Iaoa??aee (*a?i?aoe?, 1997);
I?aeia?iaeia iaoeiaa eiioa?aioe?y “350-??//y Oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaae
Aiaaeaia Oiaeueieoeueeiai” (E., 1998).

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? “Iaeyae ?noi??ia?ao?? oa aeaea?aeueia aaca
aeine?aeaeaiiy” ?icaeyaea?oueny noai iaoeiai? ?ic?iaee i?iaeaie.

A oe?a?inuee?e ?noi?e/i?e iaooe? i?iaeaia oi?o?eaoe?? e?oa?aoo?iiai
aeeooy, ye yaeua eiiieaenia e aaaaoia?aiia, ia ?icaeyaeaeany. Ca
oioae?oa?iiai ?aaeeio aeeoea iecea i?aoeue, i?enay/aieo eoeueoo?iiio
aoae?aieoeoao. Oe? aeine?aeaeaiiy noaaeee ca iaoo iaa`ycaoe /eoa/ai
aeoieo i?i ae??oaeueio e ea?oth/o ?ieue EI(a)O a ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueei?
eoeueoo?e, cae/aeii ae, caiia/oth/e o/anoue ia?o?? a ?ai?an?yo i?ioe
aeaeaoieo eoeueoo?ieo ae?y/?a. Aeei?enoaiiy oeeo aeine?aeaeaiue ?
ia?niaeoeaiei eeoa c iaeyaeo ia aaeeeee ianea aeieoiaio?a, ui aoee
caeo/ai? aeine?aeieeaie.

Iaaaaaoi aeoeai?oa o 1950-o — 1960-o ?ieao aeine?aeaeoaaeeny ie?ai?
aniaeoe aeaii? oaie e?oa?aoo?iciaaoeyie. I?aaaea, c aeanoeaeie aeey an?o
aoiai?oa?io iaoe iaaeie?eaie.

A oeae /an c`yaeythoueny e ia?o? ioae?eaoe?? i?enay/ai? e?oa?aoo?iei
i?aai?caoe?yi.Aieiaiei iaaeie?eii oeeo ?ia?o aoei caiia/oaaiiy ie?aieo
noi??iie c e?oa?aoo?iiai aeeooy, iaa??ia o?aeooaaiiy iiae?e oa oaeo?a.

E?ao iie?oe/ii? nenoaie a ?aaeyinueeiio Nithc? i?eca?a aei cia/ieo
iinooiie ? a ?aeaieia??. A noni?euenoa? iioe?th?oueny ?aoeaen?y oa
ia?aioe?iea naiai ieioeiai, c`yaeythoueny iia? ?noi?e/i? ?ica?aeee,
ae?oeothoueny caai?iiai? ?ai?oa aeieoiaioe, iiaa?oathoueny caaoo? ?iaia.
C /anii aeine?aeieee ia?aeiiothoueny, ui nioe?ae?noe/iee ?aae?ci ?
iane?aeeii oi?o?eaoi?nueei? iie?oeee ia?o?? e neeaaeiaith /anoeiith
oaeiai iaeiaeine?aeaeaiiai o a?o/eciyi?e ?noi??ia?ao?? yaeua, ye
oioae?oa?ia eoeueoo?a. C`yaeythoueny iia? ioae?eaoe??, cie?aia A.Aaa?ai?
oa ?.Aeia?aiea (iaienai? a ?one? aeeneon?? “Eoeueoo?a ? eoeueo. I?aaaea
aeeooy ? iai?ai?aaaea e?oa?aoo?e”), a yeeo aaoi?e ?icaeyaeathoue i?e/eie
caoaeaiiy aeai?iai? oa nthaeaoii? iae?o?e 1920-o ?ie?a.

Iai?ee?ioe? 1980-o — ia ii/aoeo 1990-o ?ie?a ieoaiiy e?oa?aoo?iiai
aeeooy Oe?a?ie aeine?aeaeoaaiiai aeena?oaioii ia??iaeo ?icaeyaeaeeny
e?oa?aoo?iciaaoeyie a ?yae? noaoae, iioae?eiaaieo a oe?a?inuee?e
ia??iaeeoe?

E?oa?aoo?i?e aeeneon?? i?enay/aia ie?aia i?aoey a?aeiiiai oe?a?inueeiai
e?oa?aoo?iciaaoey TH.Eiaae?aa, ui noaea ia?oith ?iaioith a Oe?a?i? c
i?eaiaeo iaenoia?a/eea?oiai yaeua oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e OO no.

Ia iniaeeao oaaao caneoaiao? ?iaioa I.AEoeeinueeiai, i?enay/aia
“caaooei” ?iaiai. Aaoi? aiae?co? oai?e o/aniee?a e?oa?aoo?iiai i?ioeano
a Oe?a?i? 1920-o ?ie?a, iiaea? oe?eaa? a?ia?ao?/i? aeai?, ?ice?eaa?
o?ainoi?iaoe?th iiaeyae?a e?oa?aoi??a, ?oi? noaaeaiiy aei aeaaee.

Iai?ee?ioe? 1980-o — ia ii/aoeo 1990-o ?ie?a o na??yo “A?ae?ioaea
iiaoa” oa “A?ae?ioaea oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e” ii/aee ae?oeoaaoeny oai?e
?ai?oa caai?iiaieo aaoi??a. Oe? ioae?eaoe?? iathoue a?eueo ?ioi?iaoeaiee
oa?aeoa?.

Aaaiia cia/aiiy aeey aeaii? oaie ia? oaeiae i?ae?o/iee, i?aeaioiaeaiee
ni?a?ia?oieeaie ?inoeoooo e?oa?aoo?e ?i. O.A.Oaa/aiea IAI Oe?a?ie,
iniaeeai eiai ae?oaa aeaeaiiy.

C ii/aoeii ia?aaoaeiae iie?oe/ii? nenoaie ia?aae ?noi?e/iith iaoeith
a?aee?eeeny iiaeeeaino? aeey ia`?eoeai?oiai aena?oeaiiy ?noi??? Oe?a?ie.
Ia ii/aoeo 1990-o ?ie?a iniaeeao oaaao aeine?aeiee?a i?eaa?oa? ia??iae
oe?a?inueeiai a?ae?iaeaeaiiy 1920-o ?ie?a.

Ie?aeii oey oaia ?ic?iaey?oueny a ?inoeooo? ?noi??? Oe?a?ie IAI
Oe?a?ie, ni?a?ia?oieee yeiai i?aeaiooaaee ieceo iiiia?ao?e, ui cia/ii
?icoe?ththoue iaoeia? ciaiiy c oeueiai ia??iaeo. Oea aoee ia?o?
ia`?eoeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy c ?noi??? eoeueoo?iiai ?icaeoeo Oe?a?ie 1920-o
— 1930-o ?ie?a.

I?iaeaiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai oa eoeueoo?iiai ?icaeoeo, e?ea?aeaoe??
ao?eaoo?a iacaeaaeiino? Oe?a?ie, noai?aiiy ia?aaeoiia aeey oioae?oa?iiai
?aaeeio i?enay/ai? i?aoe? oe?a?inueeiai aeine?aeieea TH.Oaiiaaea.

Iai?ee?ioe? 1990-o ?ie?a c`yaeeiny e?eueea noaoae, a yeeo
?icaeyaea?oueny i?iaeaiaoeea ni?aa?aeiioaiiy e?oa?aoo?e ? aeaaee,
noai?aiiy oeaici?nueeiai aia?aoo a Oe?a?i? a 1920-o ?ieao.

Aeey aea/aiiy aeaii? oaie ei?enieie ? oaeiae i?aoe? N.Eie?ia, I.Iia/ai,
A.Aiae?oneoeia, I.?a?ioa, I.A?eiaeaea, i?enay/ai? ??ciei noi??ieai
a?o/eciyii? ?noi??? 1920-1930-o ?ie?a.

sseui ieoaiiyi oioae?oa?iiai ?aaeeio e eoeueoo?e a oe?a?inuee?e
?noi??ia?ao?? i?eae?ey?oueny oaaaa eeoa a inoaii? aeanyoe??//y, oi a
ca?oa?aei?e oe?a?i?noeoe? oey i?iaeaia aea/a?oueny c i?neyai?iiiai
ia??iaeo.

Oae, iiiia?ao?y a?aeiiiai aia?eeainueeiai e?oa?aoo?iciaaoey
Aeaei?aeaea Eae?y “E?oa?aoo?ia iie?oeea a ?aaeyinuee?e Oe?a?i?
1920-1950??.” ? iaea?eueo a?oioiaiei aeine?aeaeaiiyi iie?oeee
a?eueoiaee?a o aaeoc? e?oa?aoo?e a 1917-1934 ??. Iaeiae aaoi? ia iaa
iiaeeeaino? caeo/eoe a?o?ai? iaoa??aee. E??i oiai, a?ae ?ioi?iaoe?? c
Oe?a?ie a oie /an iicaaaea aeine?aeieea iiaeeeaino? anaa?/ii aeine?aeeoe
oea ieoaiiy.

?ioi?iaoeaiith ? oaeiae i?aoey TH.Eaa??iaiea, ui i?noeoue aioieia?th
?ai?aniaaieo o ?aaeyinuee?e Oe?a?i? ienueiaiiee?a.

Iacaai? i?aoe? eeoa caii/aoeoaaee iiao iaaeine?aeaeaio i?iaeaiaoeeo. A
ia??iae “oieiaeii? a?eie” ?ioa?an o Cao?aeiiio na?o? aei iiae?e oa
i?ioean?a, ui a?aeaoaaeeny ca “cae?ciith caa?nith”, c?inoaa, ui
i?aeooiaoioei aei iiyae iiaeo ioae?eaoe?e c oe??? oaiaoeee.

O 1985 ?. a Eaiaae? aeeoea eieaa I.Oeaiae??y “Iiaea?i?ci, ia?eneci oa
iaoe?iiae?ci. E?oa?aoo?ia aeeneon?y 1925-28 ??.”. Ia nueiaiaei?oi?e
aeaiue oea iaea?eueo iiaia aeine?aeaeaiiy iaeiiai c iaeoe?eaa?oeo
iiiaio?a o iia?oi?e ?noi??? Oe?a?ie. Aeine?aeiee ia coieieany ia
i?inoiio aena?oeaii? iiae?e 1925-1928 ??. Oeyoii ii??aiyeueiiai aiae?co
I.Oeaiae??e iai/ii i?iaeaiiino?oaaa caeaaei?noue eoeueoo?ii? iie?oeee
a?ae iie?oe/ii? ai?ioueae a oioae?oa?iiio noni?euenoa?.

Ia iniaeeao oaaao caneoaiaothoue i?aoe? TH.Oa?aoa (Oaaaeueiaa). Cie?aia
o?, ui noinoaaeeny i?iaeaiaoeee e?oa?aoo?e 20-o ?ie?a, aacoaaeeny ia
iia?oi?e ?a?iiaenuee?e iaoiaeieia??, a?aecia/aeeny ia`?eoeai?noth oa
iine?aeiai?noth.

Iaeyae ?noi??ia?ao?? na?ae/eoue, ui o a?o/eciyi?e oa ca?oa?aei?e
iaoeia?e e?oa?aoo?? cai?iiiiiaaia oaia ?ic?iaeaia iaaeinoaoiuei ?
caneoaiao? ia ie?aia aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Aeaea?aeueia aaca aeine?aeaeaiiy neeaaea?oueny c a?o?aieo aeieoiaio?a,
niiaaae?a o/aniee?a e?oa?aoo?iiai i?ioeano, ioae?eaoe?e a oiai/ani?e
ia??iaeeoe? oa ca??iee?a aeieoiaio?a. Cia/io /anoeio ?? noaiiaeyoue
iaiioae?eiaai? a?o?ai? iaoa??aee. Na?aae ieo — iaoa??aee oiiae?a
Oeaio?aeueiiai aea?aeaaiiai a?o?ao a?iiaaenueeeo ia`?aeiaiue Oe?a?ie,
ianaiia?aae Caaaeueiee oiiae OeE EI(a)O (O.1, ii.20).

Iaei aeine?aeaeaieie ? aeieoiaioe Oeaio?aeueiiai aea?aeaaiiai a?o?ao
aeueo i?aai?a aeaaee oa oi?aae?iiy Oe?a?ie. Iaoa??aee, ui caa??aathoueny
ooo, iaeaaeaoue ia?aaaaeii oeaico?iei i?aaiai, eio??
i?aeii?yaeeiaoaaeeny Aieiaiiio oi?aae?iith iie?oe/ii? ina?oe
(Aieiaiie?oina?oa) oa Oeaio?aeueiiio oi?aae?iith o ni?aaao ae?oeo
(OeONAe), a c 1925 ?. Aieiaiiio eii?oaoo c ieoaiue e?oa?aoo?e
(Aieiae?o). Oe? aeieoiaioe caa??aathoueny a oiiae? Ia?iaeiiai
eii?na??aoo ina?oe Oe?a?ie (O. 166).

Ie?ai? iaoa??aee, ui i?enay/ai? oe?e oai?, cina?aaeaeai? a
Oeaio?aeueiiio aea?aeaaiiio a?o?a?-ioca? e?oa?aoo?e oa ienoaoeoaa. Oea
ia?aaaaeii aeieoiaioe iniaenoiai oa?aeoa?o — i?eaaoi? eenoe, aieaoe,
noaoo?, o?eaee oai??a o/aniee?a e?oa?aoo?iiai i?ioeano. Iaeiiai?oei ?
oiiae a?aeiiiai oe?a?inueeiai iiaae?noa, e?eoeea, aeoeaiiai o/anieea
e?oa?aoo?ieo iiae?e — I.Aeina?oiueiai (O.144, Iniaiaa ni?aaa
I.Aeina?oiueiai). Aeei?enoai? oaeiae aeieoiaioe c (O.34, Iniaiaa ni?aaa
I.Ca?iaa), (O.47, Iniaiaa ni?aaa A.Eineiee), (O.112, Iniaiaa ni?aaa
N.Ieeeiaiea).

Aaaeeea? aeieoiaioe c?a?ai? a ?inoeooo? ?oeiien?a Iaoe?iiaeueii?
a?ae?ioaee ?iai? A.Aa?iaaenueeiai IAI Oe?a?ie. A ?iaio? aeei?enoai?
iaoa??aee O.131 (Eenoe I.Iiaeeyinueeiai aei I.Oaeeueiaiai), O. 96
(I?ioieiee can?aeaiue aeth?? ia eiieo?n aeo?iaeo “*a?aiiee oeyo) oa
?io?.

Aaaeeeaei aeaea?aeii aeena?oaoe?? ? iioae?eiaai? i?aoe? o/aniee?a
eoeueoo?ii-e?oa?aoo?iiai i?ioeano 1920-1932 ??., ye? a?aeia?aaeathoue
??ci? eiai noi?iie.

Ci?noiaiei aeaeii aeaea?ae ? oiai/ania ia??iaeeea. Iniiai? aeoiee
o/aniee?a e?oa?aoo?ieo aeeneon?e ioae?eoaaeeny ia noi??ieao aacao oa
aeo?iae?a.

Cia/ii ?icoe?ththoue aeaea?aeueio aaco aeine?aeaeaiiy ? a?aeiia?aei?
ca??ieee aeieoiaio?a i?aai?a aeaaee, aai ie?aieo e?oa?aoo?ieo
i?aai?caoe?e.

Iaeiei c iaeia`?ii?oeo aeaeaiue, ui anaa?/ii aena?oeth? an? aeaea?aea —
iai?oanoe, ?aciethoe?? e?oa?aoo?ieo i?aai?caoe?e, oai?aoe/i? noaoo? — ?
aeaioiiia aeaeaiiy, i?aeaioiaeaia a?aeiieie ia oie /an
e?oa?aoo?iciaaoeyie A.Eaeoanii oa I.ssoaeii. O ia?oiio oii? c?a?aii
iniiai? aeieoiaioe, ui aena?oeththoue ?icaeoie e?oa?aoo?ieo i?aai?caoe?e
a Oe?a?i? a 1920-o ?ieao, ae?oaee i?enay/aiee a?ia?ao?/iei oa
a?ae?ia?ao?/iei aeaiei c e?oa?aoo?iiai aeeooy.

Aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy aeey aeine?aeaeoaaii? oaie ia? iiaia aeaeaiiy oai??a
I.Oaeeueiaiai i?ae ?aaeaeoe??th A.Einothea. A ?iaio? iaae i?aeaioiaeith
aeieoiaio?a aei c?a?aiiy a?aee o/anoue TH.Oa?ao oa TH.Eaa??iaiei.

Aeaea?aeueio aaco aeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiiiaiththoue niiaaaee oa
uiaeaiieee o/aniee?a e?oa?aoo?iiai ?ooo a Oe?a?i? a 1920-o ?ieao.

Ca ?aaeyinueeiai /ano iaea?eueo a?oioiaiith oa aeieeaaeiith aoea
?iaioa TH.Niiee/a. Eiai niiaaaee aeaeaaaeeny e?eueea ?ac?a o ??cieo
aa??aioao. Iaeoe?ii?oeie aeey aeaii? oaie ? ia?oa oa inoaiiy ca??ee
niiaaae?a aaoi?a. Aaaaoi oaeo?a c e?oa?aoo?iiai e noni?eueii-iie?oe/iiai
aeeooy Oe?a?ie a 1920-o ?ieao iiaea? o nai?o niiaaaeao a?aeiiee iaenoa?
ineoieia?/ieo oai??a, aaaaoi??/iee a`ycaiue AOEAAo
A.Aioiiaiei-Aeaaeaeiae/. Aeineoue iiaiith oa ia`?eoeaiith ? ?iaioa A.
Einothea, yea aea? aeoaea ae/a?ii? a?aeiiino? i?i iiae?? a e?oa?aoo?iiio
na?aaeiaeu? iai?ee?ioe? 1920-o — ia ii/aoeo 1930-o ?ie?a. Ia iniaeeao
oaaao aeine?aeiee?a caneoaiaothoue uiaeaiieee N. ?o?aiiaa. A
ieo aaoi?, ui aoa iaeiei c iaea?aeii?oeo e?eoee?a oa e?oa?aoo?iciaaoe?a
ii/aoeo OO no., iieno? aeaye? iiae?? c e?oa?aoo?iiai aeeooy, aea?
ae/a?ii? oa?aeoa?enoeee aaaaoueii ia?o?eiei ae?y/ai.

Ie?aiee ianea aeaea?ae neeaaeathoue ??oaiiy, i?ioieiee can?aeaiue,
ca?oe ia?o?eieo oa ?aaeyinueeeo i?aai?a, ye? noinoaaeeny e?oa?aoo?iiai
aeeooy 1920-o ?ie?a.

Aiae?c aeaea?aeueii? aace na?ae/eoue, ui cai?iiiiiaaia oaia a
aeinoaoiueiio ianyc? caaacia/aia iaoeiaei iaoa??aeii.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “E?oa?aoo?ia aeeooy Oe?a?ie ia?oi? iieiaeie 20-o
?ie?a” ?ice?eoi ii/aoeia? oaiaeaioe?? anoaiiaeaiiy oioae?oa?iiai ?aaeeio
a Oe?a?i?. A oeueiio a?aeiioaii? oa?aeoa?i? e?iee a?eueoiaee?a ia
e?ea?aeaoe?th aaaaoiia?o?eiino? a iie?oe/iiio na?aaeiaeu?, ui
?icii/aeeny a 1917 ?., e eia?/ii caaa?oeeeny a 1920?., c ?icioneii
iaeiiooaei?oi? e?ai-oeaio?enonueei? ia?o?? a Oe?a?i? — “ai?ioueaeno?a”.
Caa?oa?oueny oaaaa e ia iiiiiie?caoe?th aeaaee o aeai?ieo i?aaiao.

Aeey oo?eiaiiy naiai iie?oe/iiai aeii?ioaaiiy a Oe?a?i? a?eueoiaeee
aeoeaii aeei?enoiaoaaee caniae ianiai? ?ioi?iaoe??. Anoaiiaeaoe
eiio?ieue iaae on?ia aacaoaie, ?aaeyinueea nenoaia canoiniaoaaea eiai
aeey iioe?aiiy aeaniiai iiceoeaiiai ?i?aeaeo. Oeaico?a caai?iiyea
aeei?enoaiiy aoaeue-yeeo aeaieo, ui iiaee a, ia ?? aeoieo,
aeene?aaeeooaaoe aeaaeo. Iaoii?noue neooiyi? caniae ianiai? ?ioi?iaoe??
an?eyei iioe?thaaee iai?aaaeeao ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i noai a e?a?i? oa ca ??
ei?aeiiaie.

Iie?oeea oe?a?i?caoe??, ?icii/aoa EI(a)O a 1923 ?., ?icaeyaea?oueny ye
oei/aniaee oaeoe/iee iaiaa? iie?oe/iiai ea??aieoeoaa c iaoith i?eoeeeoe
ia na?e a?e oe?a?inueeo ?ioae?aaioe?th. Iie?oeea oe?a?i?caoe?? iineea
iiaa?oiaee oa?aeoa?. Aiia a?aeia?aaeaea neaae?noue iiceoe?e a?eueoiaee?a
a Oe?a?i? e neeuei? o?aaeeoe?? oe?a?inueeiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai
a?ae?iaeaeaiiy, iniaeeai a eoeueoo??.

C iaoith iioe?aiiy ?aeaieia?/iiai aieeao ia oe?ie? ia?iaei? iane
a?eueoiaeee iiaeii? aoee anoaiiaeoe ?aeaieia?/iee oa aaei?i?no?aoeaiee
eiio?ieue iaae e?oa?aoo?ith, ine?eueee aiia a?ae?a?aaaea cia/io ?ieue o
aeooiaiiio aeeoo? noni?euenoaa.

Aieea ia e?oa?aoo?ia aeeooy Oe?a?ie a?eueoiaeee cae?enithaaee ca aeaiia
iai?yiaie. Ia?oee — aaei?i?no?aoeaiee — iieyaaa o iioe?aii? oeaico?e,
caai?ii? oe?eiai ?yaeo e?oa?aoo?ieo oai??a, aeeo/aii? e cieuaii? eieaeie
oa o?eueo?aoe?? iaaeoiaeaeaiue e?oa?aoo?e c-ca ei?aeiio, iiiiiie?caoe??
aeaeaaie/i? ni?aae. Ia ii/aoeo 1920-o ?ie?a oeaici?nuee? ooieoe??
cae?enithaaee i?noeaa? ia?o?ei? i?aaie. A 1922 ?. ca ?icii?yaeaeaiiyi
Aa?oi?iio i?e OeE EI(a)O aoei noai?aii Oeaio?aeueia oi?aae?iiy o ni?aaao
ae?oeo (OeONAe), ui ia?aa?aei ia naaa on? ooieoe?? ii ai?iouea? c
iaaaaeaiith aeey ?aaeeio e?oa?aoo?ith. Ae?oaee iai?yi cae?enithaaee
aaciina?aaeiuei i?aaie OeE EI(a)O — a?aeae?e i?ane oa Aa?oi?ii, eio??
iioe?thaaee a?eueoiaeoeueeo ?aeaieia?th. ?oiy ae?yeuei?noue aoea
ni?yiiaaia ia i?aeo?eieo eiyeueieo ienueiaiiee?a. ?iiae? ia?o?ei?
/eiiaieee i?yii aeacoaaee e?oa?aoi?ai, ye? oaie iio??aii aena?oethaaoe o
oai?ao — i?iae?icaa?noea, ai?ioueaa ia nae?, aaiaeeoeci, ?ieue
eiioi?no?a o nioe?ae?noe/ieo ia?aoai?aiiyo oiui. Iaeii/anii aiie
aecia/aee nooi?iue “oe?aeeeaino?” oiai /e ?ioiai aeaeaiiy.

Ia?o?eia ea??aieoeoai iaiaaaeiny iaiaaeeoe naiaiaeo ieooe?a,
iaa`ycoth/e ?i ?aeaieia?/i? oa iie?oe/i? iioeae oai?/ino?. Oe? e?iee
aoee ni?yiiaai? ia oi?o?eaoe?th aeai?iaiai, noeeueiaiai oa ci?noiaiiai
?icia?ooy a e?oa?aoo??. Oaea iie?oeea aaea aei i?ei?oea?caoe??
ienoaoeoaa, cieaeaiiy eiai anoaoe/ii? aa?oino?.

Iaeiae, iacaaaeath/e ia oe? iine?aeiai? e?iee aeaaee, e?oa?aoo?ia
aeeooy a Oe?a?i? ia ii/aoeo 1920-o ?ie?a cia/ii aeoea?coaaeiny. Oea
iiynith?oueny cia/iei aieeaii iiae?e 1917-1920 ??. ia oe?a?inueeo
?ioae?aaioe?th oa e?oa?aoi??a cie?aia. ?ioa i?e/eia iieyaaea o neaaeino?
oa iaaecia/aiino? ?aaeeio noiniaii iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo eoeueoo?e a
Oe?a?i?. E??i oiai, a?oia iaoe?iiae-eiioi?no?a o na?aaeei? ia?o??
ni?eyea ?icaeoeo iaoe?iiaeueieo ienueiaiieoeueeeo nee.

Ia ii/aoeo 1920-o ?ie?a a Oe?a?i? c`yaeeiny aaaaoi iiaeo e?oa?aoo?ieo
i?aai?caoe?e. Aiie ?ai?acaiooaaee anth iae?o?o ienoaoeueeiai aeeooy
Oe?a?ie. Ia??aeei iaaeiei oaeeo ni?eie ao?ooaaeeny ooaeiaeieee,
?aaeena?e, aeoi?e. Ienueiaiieee noa?oiai iieie?iiy oa o?, ui ia?aaoaaee
i?ae aieeaii ?a?iiaenueei? eoeueoo?e, ia`?aeioaaeeny iaaeiei
“iaieeanee?a”. Aei ieo iaeaaeaee I.Ca?ia, I.Ao?aa?ae, I.Ae?ae-Oia?a,
I.?eeuenueeee oa ?io?. I?aaenoaaieee iieiaeoiai iieie?iiy, ui oa?eoee o
e?oa?aoo?o a ?iee a?iiaaeyinueei? a?eie, iaee nai? i?aai?caoe??.
Oooo?enoe — Eiioieoeueo, i?ci?oa Aniaiooo. ?nioaaee oaeiae ni?eea
naeyinueeeo ienueiaiiee?a — Ieoa, oa i?ieaoa?nueeeo — Aa?o.

Ana oea aeineoue iiceoeaii iicia/eeiny ia e?oa?aoo?iiio i?ioean?. A
Oe?a?i? iioe?ththoueny iiaea?i? ienoaoeuee? oi?ie, c`yaeythoueny iia?
?iaia, io?eiothoue iiooiao aei ?icaeoeo ??ciiiai?oi? noeeueia? iai?yie.
Iaeii/anii a na?aaeiaeu? iieiaeeo oe?a?inueeeo ienueiaiiee?a
iioe?th?oueny ona?aeiieaiiy i?eiaeaaeiino? ?o aei oe?a?inueei?
eoeueoo?e. Aiie a?ae/oaathoue naaa ?? oai?oeyie, ui ii/eiathoue iiao
noi??ieo a ?noi??? Oe?a?ie. Ca?aene iioei?ci, a??a a “caa??i? eiioie”,
ona?aeiieaiiy naaa ye /anoeiee anana?oiuei? eoeueoo?e.

Iaeiae aaea c 1923 ?. iii?oii ?ioo oaiaeaioe?th, aaniethoii
i?ioeeaaeio. Aaaaoi iieiaeeo i?ieiioi?noe/ii iaeaooiaaieo ienueiaiiee?a
iii?/athoue aaeeeo ??cieoeth i?ae ?aeaaeaie oa ?aaeuei?noth. Aiie
?icoi?thoue, ui a?eueo?noue i?iaieioaieo eicoia?a iani?aaae? aeyaeeany
o?eoe??th. Iioe?th?oueny aiao?y, ciaa??`y, aaeaeoae?noue. I?i oea iai/ii
na?ae/aoue oiai/ani? oai?e, ye? a?aeaeaaee aeooaai? iano?i? aaoi??a.
Aiae?coth/e oai?/?noue I.Naiaiea, I.Oaeeueiaiai, ?.A?eai?oea,
A.I?aeiiaeeueiiai iiaeia neacaoe, ui a oeae ia??iae aiie ia?aaeeaaee
cia/io aioo??oith ineoieia?/io e?eco.

Oaeei /eiii, ii/aoie 1920-o ?ie?a oa?aeoa?ecoaaany ?nioaaiiyi aeaio
aaniethoii i?ioeeaaeieo iai?yi?a o noni?euenoa?. Ia?oee — oea oi?ioaaiiy
oioae?oa?ii? nenoaie, ui a?aecia/aeany oi?o?eaoi?nueeeie oaiaeaioe?yie a
eoeueoo??. Ae?oaee — aeoeaiee nieane iaoe?iiaeueiiai ienoaoeoaa, yeee
i?eca?a aei iiaeaaaeaiiy ??ciiiai?oieo noee?a oa iai?yi?a o e?oa?aoo??.
Oeae i?eoiaaiee eiioe?eo noaa iaeiei c ao?eaoo?a noni?eueiiai e
eoeueoo?iiai aeeooy ii/aoeo 1920-o ?ie?a ? i?eca?a o iiaeaeueoiio aei
aino?i? ai?ioueae.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? “E?oa?aoo?ia aeeneon?y oa ?? iie?oe/i? iane?aeee”
?icaeyaeathoueny i?e/eie, o?ae oa iane?aeee e?oa?aoo?ii? aeeneon??. Ca
iniiao aecia/aiiy o?iiieia?? aeeneon?? aa?aoueny ia??iae 1925-1926 ??.
(Aeea.: I.Ia?iei. Iaoea ? eiiuethieoo?a. — E.,1993). Aea?? oaei?
ia??iaeecaoe?? coiiaeaiee oei, ui naia a oeae ia??iae i?aei?iaeeny
iniiai? noni?eueii-iie?oe/i? ieoaiiy — i?noea ? ?ieue ienoaoeoaa a
noni?eueiiio aeeoo?, aea?? aeooiaieo i???ioe??a, e?eoeee iaaeiei aieeao
?in?enueei? eoeueoo?e ia oe?a?inueeo.

O ?icae?e? aeiaiaeeoueny, ui iiooiaoii aei e?oa?aoo?ii? aeeneon?? noaea
e?eca a na?aaeiaeu? oe?a?inueeeo e?oa?aoi??a. ?aeaeia i?aea?oioy
iieyaaei a ni?iaao iieiaeeo e?oa?aoi??a ia?ainieneeoe iane?aeee aieeao
?in?enueei? ia?iaeieoeueei? e?oa?aoo?e ia oe?a?inueeo. E??i oiai,
e?oa?aoo?ia aeeneon?y cana?ae/eea aeeaee a?aeaoe na?aae oe?a?inueeeo
ienueiaiiee?a ia o? ci?ie, ui a?aeaoaaeeny a eoeueoo?iiio i?inoi??
?a?iie.

E?oa?aoo?ia aeeneon?y ?icii/aeany a 1925 ?. ye aeeeth/ii ienoaoeueea
iieai?ea. ?iiae? aiia iaa?oue a?eueoa iaaaaeoaaea caaaeaiiy iniaenoeo
?aooie?a. Iaeiae aeeneon?y iae?aco noaea iiae??th iiia? iaeei a
eoeueoo?iiio aeeoo? Oe?a?ie, ine?eueee I.Oaeeueiaee oia?oa aeneiaeany
i?ioe caneeey ooee?oa?iiai iaoiaeo a e?oa?aoo??, ui aeaaii oaeethaaei
aaaaoueio ienueiaiiee?a. Ia?oee aoai cana?ae/ea oaeiae ?icaoaeai?noue oa
iani?iiiaei?noue ia?o?eiiai ea??aieoeoaa /?oei noi?ioethaaoe naith
iiceoe?th noiniaii oeyo?a ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueei? eoeueoo?e. *a?aiaaa
iinoaiiaa EI(a)O iai/ii i?iaeaiiino?oaaea, ui a oie /an a?eueoiaeee ua
ia ae?iaeee iniiai? canaaee iie?oeee a aaeoc? e?oa?aoo?e. ? yeui aiie
iiaee ai?ioeny c nai?ie ?aeaieia?/ieie i?ioeaieeaie
ea?aeueii-?ai?aneaieie caniaaie, oi c /eaiaie ia?o?? ?i aeiaiaeeeiny
?aooaaoeny. E??i oiai, o/anoue o aeeneon?? iaeiiai c i?aaenoaaiee?a
iaoe?iiae-eiioi?noe/ii? a?oie a EI(a)O — A.Aeaeeoiiai — ia/aaoi
iaaeaaaea ?e io?oe?eiiai noaoono.

Aeeneon?y coiiaeea oaeiae ?iciaaeoaaiiy na?aae e?oa?aoi??a. Ae?oeo 1925
?. Aa?o ia?anoaa ?nioaaoe ye anaoe?a?inueea i?aai?caoe?y. A?eueo?noue
ienueiaiiee?a, eio?? aeeoee c Aa?oo, noai?eee iiao i?aai?caoe?th c
i?aoaic?eiith iacaith A?eueia aeaaeai?y i?ieaoa?nueei? e?oa?aoo?e.
Aaie?oyie a?aee?eoi i?iaieineee i?eiao ienoaoeueeiai oenoo iaae
?aeaieia?/ieie aeiaiaie.

A oeae aea ia??iae noi?ioaaeeny aeaa oaai?e: iaeei i/iethaaa
I.Oaeeueiaee, ae?oaee — e?aea? “iania?no?a” N.Ieeeiaiei. Iaaiai?aiiy a
Oe?a?i? oaeiai, ia iao iiaeyae, i?inoiai ieoaiiy, ye ae?oa?i?noue oa
iania?noue o e?oa?aoo?? a oie /an iaia`yceiai iaea i?eaanoe aei ieoaiiy
-?a?iia /e I?ina?oa.

A 1926 ?. ii/eia?oueny ae?oaee aoai aeeneon??. Oa?aeoa?iith ?? iciaeith
aoei oa, ui a oyaeaiiyo I.Oaeeueiaiai I?ina?oa anioe?th?oueny c
Iineaith. Ine?eueee ienueiaiiee aiai?ea i?i ineoieia?/io Aa?iio ye
iniiaiee ienoaoeueeee i???ioe?, oi ?aii /e i?cii a?i ionea a?eueo /?oei
noi?ioethaaoe aioeoaco ?a?iiaenuee?e “oaono?anuee?e aeoo?”. Iaioeaoe c
oeeee?a “Aeoiee i?ioe oa/??” oa “Aiieiaaoe iena?ecio” (1926 ?.)
iieacothoue o?ainoi?iaoe?th iiaeyae?a ienueiaiieea. A?i a?aee?eoi
aenooia? i?ioe eoeueoo?iiai ai?aiinoaa ye iaeiiai c iaeaaiaai?oeo yaeu o
e?oa?aoo??. I.Oaeeueiaee aenooiea oaeiae i?ioe eoeueoo?iiai aeii?ioaaiiy
?in?? a iaaeao Oe?a?ie.

Ia oeueiio aoai? aei e?oa?aoo?ii? aeeneon?? caeo/athoueny ia?o?ei?
i?aaie.Ia?aeiiiei iiiaioii noaa eeno E.Noae?ia aei E.Eaaaiiae/a(ea?oaiue
1926 ?.), a yeiio “aiaeaeue ia?iae?a” oe?eeii a?aeaa?oi cayaea, ui
oe?a?i?caoe?y i?ecaaea aei iiyae ao?aeoacii-iaoe?iiae?noe/ieo ooee?a.
Oea noaei neaiaeii aeey cai?oaiiy iie?oeee oe?a?i?caoe??. A?aeoiae?
aieiaieie iiiiaioaie I.Oaeeueiaiai noathoue “/eiiaieee a?ae e?oa?aoo?e”.
A?o?ai? aeieoiaioe oa ioae?eaoe?? oiai /ano na?ae/aoue i?i o/anoue a
aeeneon?? aieiaiiai i?aai?caoi?a eaiiai?? ia?ane?aeoaaiiy iiiceoe?iia??a
— A.Oaee?, yeee oiae? caeiaa iinaaeo aieiae Aa?oi?iio i?e OeE EI(a)O.
Oeae oaeo ua ?ac i?aee?aneth? aieiaio ?ieue a?eueoiaeoeueei? ia?o?? a
ia?ane?aeoaaiiyo ienueiaiiee?a.

Aaeeea oaaaa a aeena?oaoe?? i?eae?ey?oueny iaoiaeai iie?oe/iiai
oeueeoaaiiy, ui aoee ae?iaeai? EI(a)O a 1926?. Aiie aaaaoi a /iio aoee
aeei?enoai? a iie?oe/ieo aeoao, ni?yiiaaieo i?ioe iiiceoe??.
Oa?aeoa?iith iciaeith oeueiai ia??iaeo noaei aeei?enoaiiy a?eueoiaeeaie
?ai?aneaieo i?aai?a o aeeneon??.

Oene cae?enithaaany ? ia e?oa?aoo?i? i?aai?caoe??, cie?aia ia AAIE?OA
oa ia iaieeanee?a. Iie?oeea iino?eiiai iie?oe/iiai caeyeoaaiiy /eai?a
ni?eee aeaaaea nai? ?acoeueoaoe. Aeey oiai, uia caa?aaoe i?aai?caoe?th,
I.Oaeeueiaiai, I.Eoe?oa oa I.sseiaiai aoei aeaaaeaii c? neeaaeo
ea??aieoeoaa.

E?oa?aoo?ia aeeneon?y 1925-1926 ??. iaea aaaeeea? iie?oe/i? iane?aeee.
Ii-ia?oa, aiia iineoaeeea iiooiaoii aei cai?oaiiy oe?a?i?caoe??.
Ii-ae?oaa, naia a oeae ia??iae aoee ae?iaeai? iniiai? iaoiaee ai?ioueae
ia?o?? a?eueoiaee?a c iiiceoe??th. A?aeaoany ?iceie o ienueiaiieoeueeiio
na?aaeiaeu? ca eiyeuei?noth aei ?aaeeio. E??i oiai, iaoa??aee aeeneon??
i?ci?oa aeoeaii aeei?enoiaoaaeany ea?aeueieie i?aaiaie aeey
oaeueneo?eaoe?? iie?oe/ieo ni?aa.

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? “Anoaiiaeaiiy iiiiiie?? ?aaeeio a e?oa?aoo?? a
1927-1932 ??” ?icaeyaea?oueny iie?oeea ia?o?eieo i?aai?a, ni?yiiaaia ia
e?ea?aeaoe?th ieth?ae?cio a e?oa?aoo?iiio aeeoo?. Ia?oee ?? aoai —
1927-1928 ??. — oa?aeoa?ecoaaany iniaeeai aeoeaiei ianooiii
a?eueoiaee?a a ?aeaieia?/i?e noa??.

O n?/i? 1928 ?., i?ae oeneii ia?o?eii? e?eoeee, caaaeuei? cai?e AAIE?OA
ooaaeeee ??oaiiy i?i naii?icione. ?i?oe?eiaaiee cai?e “naii?icione”
AAIE?OA na?ae/ea i?i ii/aoee e i?aai?caoe?eii? oi?o?eaoe??. Iino?ei?
ia?ane?aeoaaiiy c aieo ia?o?eieo i?aai?a ? i?oiaeienaeueii iaeaooiaaieo
e?eoee?a cioneee I.Oaeeueiaiai oa eiai iaeiiaeoioe?a aei a?eueo
iii??eiaaii? ae?yeueiino?.

Iiaei aoaiii o e?oa?aoo?iiio aeeoo? noaea iiyaa a a?oaei? 1928 ?.
iiaiai /aniieno i?ae iacaith “E?oa?aoo?iee y?ia?ie”. Iaae oeei aeaeaiiyi
i?aoethaaee I.Oaeeueiaee, A.Ai?e, I.Aeoiy, I.Aeina?oi?e, TH.Niiee/,
I.Eoe?o oa aaaaoi ?ioeo oaeaiiaeoeo ienueiaiiee?a. Aiie ?icoi?ee, ui
a?aee?eoa aeeneon?y iaiiaeeeaa, oiio aaeaeeny aei acii?anueei? iiae,
iaoyeaie, eiei?eoieie oa?aeaie, ao?eaneieie noeaieaie aeni?thaaee
ooee?oa?i? iiceoe?? nai?o i?ioeaiee?a. Oei /anii ia?o?eia ea??aieoeoai
aeoeaii aeei?enoiaoaaei aioo??oi? noia?a/iino? i?ae i?aai?caoe?yie aeey
?iciaethaaiiy ai?ioueae i?ae ieie.

Ia?inoaiiy oioae?oa?ieo oaiaeaioe?e a noni?euenoa?, ui i?iyaeyeeny a
cai?oaii? IAIo oa oe?a?i?caoe??, iineeaii? ?ai?an?e, cioneee
ienueiaiiee?a a?aeiiaeoeny ? a?ae oe??? iii??eiaaii? oaeoeee. Noai?aia a
1929 ?. i?aai?caoe?y I?IE?OO?IIO noaea iiai?ioiei iiiaioii a
oe?a?inuee?e e?oa?aoo??. Aiia ciaiaioaaea cae?i/aiiy oe?ei? aiioe
e?oa?aoo?iiai ?icea?oo.

O 1930 ?. a?eueoiaeeai aaeaeiny iaeo?ae?coaaoe iaieeanee?a i?ioeanii
NAO, a i?eoeeueiee?a aeoeaiiai ?iiaioecio — iino?eieie ia?ane?aeoaaiiyie
o i?an?. Oea aeaei iiaeeea?noue ia?aeoe aei noai?aiiy ?aeeii?
i?aai?caoe??. A i?ioean? ai?ioueae ca iiiiiie?th ia?o?eia ea??aieoeoai
aeei?enoiaoaaei oaeiae noia?a/iino? i?ae e?oa?aoo?ieie i?aai?caoe?yie,
i?iaieoaaei aioo??oith ai?ioueao.

I?ney e?ea?aeaoe?? I?IE?OO?IIOo a 1931 ?. e?oa?aoo?ia aeeooy a Oe?a?i?
caaia?ei. ?nioaaiiy e?oa?aoo?ieo i?aai?caoe?e, ui noiyee ia iaeiaeiaeo
?aeaieia?/ieo iiceoe?yo, iaei aeaiiino?oaaoe aeaiie?aoe/i?noue
a?eueoiaeoeueei? iie?oeee.

O 1932 ?., eiee oi?o?eaoi?nuee? oaiaeaioe?? a noni?euenoa? aeinyaee
aecia/aeueii? iaae?, an? e?oa?aoo?i? i?aai?caoe?? aoei e?ea?aeiaaii ?
iaoii?noue noai?aii ni?eeo ienueiaiiee?a Oe?a?ie. Ia`?aeiaiiy an?o
ienueiaiieoeueeeo nee a iaei?e ni?eoe? aeaaaei ciiao a?eueoiaeeai
aeoeaii iai?ioethaaoe e?oa?aoi?aie, aeei?enoiaoth/e ?o o nai?o
?ioa?anao. Ni?eea ienueiaiiee?a oaeiae /anoi aeei?enoiaoaaeany ? ye
iie?oe?eii-ea?aeueiee i?aai.

O aeniiaeao i?noyoueny i?aenoiee i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, ye?
aeiinyoueny ia caoeno:

Iniaeea?noth noni?eueii-iie?oe/iiai aeeooy Oe?a?ie ia?oi? iieiaeie
1920-o ?ie?a aoei ni?a?nioaaiiy aeaio i?ioeeaaeieo iai?yi?a. Ia?oee —
oea ii/aoie ooaa?aeaeaiiy oioae?oa?ii? iiaeae? noni?euenoaa, ae?oaee —
oea a?aeaieinee iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?iiai a?ae?iaeaeaiiy. Oe? aea?
oaiaeaioe?? iino?eii anooiaee a i?ioe??//y e yne?aai i?iyaeyeeny a
noni?eueii-iie?oe/iiio aeeoo?;

O ia?o?e iieiaei? 1920-o ?ie?a a?aeaoaaany i?ioean anoaiiaeaiiy
?aeaieia?/iiai oa aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai eiio?ieth i?aai?a aeaaee iaae
e?oa?aoo?iei aeeooyi. Oeae i?ioean ?icaeaaany o aeaio iai?yiao —
eiino?oeoeaiiio oa ?ai?aneaiiio. Eiino?oeoeaiee i?iyaeyany a
ooaa?aeaeaii? iie?oeciaaii? e?oa?aoo?e, yea a aeeiioaaea
i?iiaaaiaeenonueei-aa?oaoe?ei? ooieoe??. Aieiaiei i?aai?caoi?ii oe???
iie?oeee aenooiaa OeE EI(a)O, ae?th/e /a?ac i?aeca?oi? eiio i?aaie —
a?aeae?e aa?oaoe?? ? i?iiaaaiaee (Aa?oi?ii), a?aeae?e i?ane, Aieiaia
oi?aae?iiy iie?oe/ii? ina?oe (Aieiaiie?oina?oa). ?ai?aneaiee iai?yi
iieyaaa o noai?aii? oe?iei? ia?aae? oeaico?ieo i?aai?a, ui iiaeii? aoee
iaiaaeoaaoe oai?/?noue e?oa?aoi??a. Aieiaiei oeaico?iei i?aaiii a
Oe?a?i? noaei Oeaio?aeueia oi?aae?iiy o ni?aaao ae?oeo, ui ?nioaaei i?e
IEI, aea i?aeii?yaeeiaoaaeiny OeE EI(a)O;

Ae?yeuei?noue e?oa?aoo?ieo ia`?aeiaiue oa?aeoa?ecoaaeany iaaecia/ai?noth
oa i?ieea?noth, ui aoei aeeeeeaii oai?/eie iiooeaie a na?aaeiaeu?
oe?a?inueeeo e?oa?aoi??a. Iniaeea?noth oeueiai i?ioeano aoei
ni?a?nioaaiiy iiaeo aeey oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e iai?yi?a c
o?aaeeoe?eieie iaoe?iiaeueieie oi?iaie. A oeae ia??iae a Oe?a?i?
?nioaaee ??ciiiai?oi? e?oa?aoo?i? oa/?? oa iai?yie (?iaaeai?ci, aeia?ci,
oooo?eci, neiaie?ci), ui na?ae/eoue i?i i?aai?/iee ca`ycie oe?a?inueei?
eoeueoo?e c eoeueoo?ith ?a?iie. Oaeei /eiii, ii?aeiaiiy iiaeo
?a?iiaenueeeo oaiaeaioe?e c? c?inoath/ei iaoe?iiaeueiei ienoaoeoaii
ni?e/eieei iiyao iiaeo yaeu a oe?a?inuee?e e?oa?aoo??;

?aeaeia i?aea?oioy e?oa?aoo?ii? aeeneon?? aoei o?nii iia`ycaia c
iaoe?iiaeueiei a?ae?iaeaeaiiyi, aeoiaeii oe?a?inueei? eoeueoo?e ia
?a?iiaenueeee i?ino?? oa ona?aeiieaiiyi ?? ?ie? a
caaaeueiioeea?e?caoe?eiiio eiioaeno?. Iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?ia
i?aeianaiiy ii/aoeo 1920-o ?ie?a, ui aoei eia?/iei i?iaeiaaeaiiyi
oe?a?inueeiai a?ae?iaeaeaiiy 1917-1920 ??., anooiaei a eiioe?eo c
oi?o?eaoi?nueeeie iaiaaaiiyie ?aaeeio. Oeae eiioe?eo noaa aieiaiith
i?e/eiith e?oa?aoo?ii? aeeneon??;

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeeneon?? aoee ae?aiao?aeueii i?ioeeaaeieie
?oneo?eaoi?nuee?e iie?oeoe? Iineae, ui e aeeeeeaei cai?oaiiy
oe?a?i?caoe?? oa iineeaiiy ?aeaieia?/iiai ianooio a?eueoiaee?a o
e?oa?aoo??. I?ioyaii 1925 ?. aieiaieie o/anieeaie aeeneon?? aoee
e?oa?aoi?e, iaeiae i?ney eenoa E.Noae?ia E.Eaaaiiae/o (a ea?oi? 1926 ?.)
neooaoe?y ci?ieeany. Iiiiaioaie I.Oaeeueiaiai noathoue aenieiiinoaaeai?
ia?o?ei? i?aoe?aieee. Ia?o?ei? i?aaie /a?ac eiio?ieueiaai? ieie caniae
ianiai? ?ioi?iaoe?? ii/aee aeoeaii ao?o/aoeny a e?oa?aoo?io aeeneon?th,
ia?aoai?thth/e ?? ia iie?oe/io;

Ia?oee aoai oi?o?eaoe?? e?oa?aoo?iiai i?ioeano ?icii/aany a 1927 ?.
Ia?o?ei? i?aaie aaeaaaeeny aei a?aee?eoiai oaioaaeo, eiio?neiaoaaee aai
caai?iiyee ae?oeoaaoe oai?e aaoi??a, eio?? ia noaaethaaee iie?oeeo
EI(a)O, iaai?oaee aoiinoa?o i?aeic??eino?, iaoa?ieiino? oa ai?iaeino?
aei an?o i?iya?a a?eueiiaeoinoaa. E?ea?aeaoe?y a 1928 ?. AAIE?OA e
aeiooaia aeciaiiy caa?oiino? a?eueoiaeoeueei? ?aeaieia?? a?eueo?noth
oe?a?inueeeo ienueiaiiee?a na?ae/eee i?i caaa?oaiiy ia?oiai aoaio;

E?ea?aeaoe?y ?aeaeii? iiiceoe?? na?aae ienueiaiiee?a noai?eea oiiae aeey
ii/aoeo a 1929 ?. ae?oaiai aoaio — i?aai?caoe?eii? oi?o?eaoe??
e?oa?aoo?iiai aeeooy. I?ae i?eoe?eii a?eueoiaeoeueei? e?eoeee iieieeeny
ia o?eueee eiie?aoi? ienueiaiieee, a e oe?e? e?oa?aoo?i? i?aai?caoe?? oa
a?oie. Aoei aeei?enoaii oaeiae ?ai?aneaio nenoaio, ui caeeaei ii/aoie
iie?oeee ianiaeo ?ai?an?e na?aae o/aniee?a e?oa?aoo?iiai ?ooo.I?ae
oeneii oeeo ianoaaei a 1930 ?. oaeaiiaeo? e?oa?aoi?e aoee ciooai?
eai?ooethaaoe. Inoaoi/ia oi?o?eaoe?y no?oeoo?e aea ae?yeueiino?
e?oa?aoo?ieo i?aai?caoe?e caaa?oeeany a 1932 ?.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe

Noaoo?

1. A?eueoiaeoeueea aeaaea ? e?oa?aoo?iee ?oo a Oe?a?i? 1920-1923??.
//I?aeia?iaeia iaoeiaa eiioa?aioe?y “350-??//y Oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaae
Aiaaeaia Oiaeueieoeueeiai”. — E., 1998. — N.145-150.

2. Oi?ioaaiiy iiceoeaiiai ia?aco ia?o?? a?eueoiaee?a a oe?a?inuee?e
i?an? 1920-1921 ??.//Iiaa iie?oeea. — 1998. — ?3. — N.7-11.

3. Noaaeaiiy ?aaeeio aei e?oa?aoo?ii? aeeneon?? 1925-1926??. //Iai`youe
noie?oue. — 1999. — ?1. — N.111-116.

4. O?aai?noe/i? i?ioeane a oe?a?inuee?e e?oa?aoo?? 20-o ?ie?a //Ca??iee
iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. Aoi?/ia ?noi??y ia?iae?a ?a?iie. — E., 1999. — N.3-5.

5. A?o?ai? iaoa??aee ye aeaea?aei aei aea/aiiy e?oa?aoo?iiai aeeooy
Oe?a?ie a 20-o ??. OOno.//A?niee Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana
Oaa/aiea. ?noi??y. — Aei.41. — E.,1999. — N.43-46.

Oace e iia?aeiieaiiy

6. A?aeia?aaeaiiy noni?eueieo i?ioean?a o oai?/ino? Ieeiee Oaeeueiaiai
//O?aoy i?aeia?iaeia iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ia nooaeaionueea ?noi?e/ia
eiioa?aioe?y. — E., 1996. — N.113-114.

7. I?iaeaia aecia/aiiy ienoaoeoaa oa eiai ooieoe?e a oe?a?inueeiio
e?oa?aoo?iiio na?aaeiaeu? 20-o ?ie?a //Ae?oaa anaoe?a?inueea
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ia eiioa?aioe?y iieiaeeo iaoeiaoe?a: Iaoe?iiaeuei? oa
aoiinioe?euei? i?ioeane a Oe?a?i?. Iaoa??aee. — *a?i?aoe?, 1997. —
N.134-137.

8. ?aeaieia?/iee ianooi aeaaeieo no?oeoo? ia oai?/?noue oe?a?inueeeo
e?oa?aoi??a o 1921-1922 ??. //Iaoeia? caienee c oe?a?inueei? ?noi???.-
Aei.O. — Ee?a-Ia?ayneaa-Oiaeueieoeueeee-*a?i?aoe?, 1998. — N.51-52.

AIIOAOe?ss

Ai?enaiei I.A. E?oa?aoo?i? i?aai?caoe?? a noni?eueii-iie?oe/iiio
aeeoo? Oe?a?ie (1920-1932??.) — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa ?noi?e/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 07.00.01. — ?noi??y Oe?a?ie. — Ee?anueeee
oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, Ee?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia aiae?co ?ie? e?oa?aoo?ieo i?aai?caoe?e a
noni?eueii-iie?oe/iiio aeeoo? Oe?a?ie. Ia iniia? aaaaoiai oaeoe/iiai
iaoa??aeo aaoi? aeine?aeaeo? i?iaeaio a?aeiinei i?ae ?aaeyinueeith
aeaaeith oa e?oa?aoo?iei ?ooii a Oe?a?i? a 1920 — 1932 ??.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: e?oa?aoo?i? i?aai?caoe??, oe?a?inueea e?oa?aoo?a,
oe?a?i?caoe?y, oi?o?eaoe?y, e?oa?aoo?ia aeeneon?y, noni?eueii-iie?oe/iee
?icaeoie Oe?a?ie.

AIIIOAOeEss

Ai?enaiei I.A. Eeoa?aoo?iua i?aaiecaoeee a iauanoaaiii-iieeoe/aneie
aeecie Oe?aeiu (1920-1932 aa.). — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa enoi?e/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 07.00.01. — Enoi?ey Oe?aeiu. — Eeaaneee oieaa?neoao
eiaie Oa?ana Oaa/aiei, Eeaa, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia iaeieco/aiiie i?iaeaia iiae/eiaiey eeoa?aoo?iuo
i?aaiecaoeee e anaai eeoa?aoo?iiai i?ioeanna iieeoe/aneiio aeiaiaoo
aieueoaaeeia a 1920 — 1932 aa. A aeenna?oaoeee aeai aiaeec ?aciiia?aciuo
eeoa?aoo?iuo i?aaiecaoeee 1920-o aiaeia — eo i?ienoiaeaeaiea, noaiaiue
caaeneiinoe io aeanoiuo no?oeoo?, iniiaiua i?ia?aiiiua aeieoiaiou, yoaiu
?acaeoey. Ia iniiaa a?oeaiuo aeieoiaioia eco/aii noaiiaeaiea
oeaici?neiai aiia?aoa e aai aeeyiea ia eoeueoo?iue i?ioeann a Oe?aeia.

Iniaia aieiaiea oaeaeyaony iniiaiui oaiaeaioeeyi a
iauanoaaiii-iieeoe/aneie aeecie Oe?aeiu. A aeenna?oaoeee ?anniao?eaaaony
noaiiaeaiea ia?oeeiiai e niaaoneiai aiia?aoa a ONN? a ia?aua ie?iua
aiaeu, aai iieeoeea ii ioiioaieth e oe?aeineie eioaeeeaaioeee e iooyi
?acaeoey oe?aeineie eoeueoo?u.

Iniiaiie i?e/eiie eeoa?aoo?iie iieaieee na?aaeeiu 1920-o aiaeia, /oi
ia?a?inea a iauanoaaiii-iieeoe/aneoth, noaei ianiioaaonoaea iaaeaeo
?oaeeiaioaie iaoeeiiaeueii-eoeueoo?iiai aic?iaeaeaiey ia/aea OO aaea,
/oi iniaaiii y?ei i?iyaeeinue a ia?eiae ?aaiethoeee 1917-1920 aa., e
oieoeeaoi?neeie oaiaeaioeeyie oioaeeoa?iiai ?aaeeia. Yoio aeoaieee
eiioeeeo iineoaeee oie/eii e ?acaeoeth iieaieee aie?oa oaeeo aaaeiuo
aeey oe?aeineie iaoeee aii?inia, eae ianoi oe?aeineie eoeueoo?u a
aa?iiaeneii eiioaenoa, iniiaiua iooe ?acaeoey oe?aeineie eeoa?aoo?u,
aeeyiea ia iaa ?onneie eoeueoo?u e iiiaea ae?oaea.

Naiaiaeiia ianoaeaeaiea yoeo oai iiaei i?eaanoe e io?eoeaieth a
oe?aeineii iauanoaa iniiaiuo iinooeaoia eiiioienoe/aneie eaeaieiaee.
Iiyoiio iiiyoia ?aaeoeey E.Noaeeia ia iaioeaou I.Oaueaaiai. Ienueii
E.Noaeeia E.Eaaaiiae/o aaniie 1926 a. iineoaeeei i?aaeeiaii aeey
nai?a/eaaiey iieeoeee oe?aeiecaoeee e i?aa?auaieth eeoa?aoo?iie
aeeneonnee a iieeoe/aneoth eaiiaieth.

?aca?ii eeoa?aoo?iie iiiiceoeee noae ia/aeii oieoeeaoeee
eaeaieiae/aneiai oiia a oe?aeineii iauanoaa. Ia/eiaaony
oeaeaono?aieaiiay iieeoeea iai?aaeaiiay ia oieoeeaoeeth anae eoeueoo?iie
aeecie a no?aia. I?e yoii OeE EI(a)O eniieueciaaei i?ioeai?a/ey iaaeaeo
iaeioi?uie eeoa?aoo?iuie i?aaiecaoeeyie a naieo oeaeyo.

A ?aaioa aeaoaeueii i?iaiaeece?iaaiu iaoiaeu aieueoaaeeia a ai?ueaa ca
anoaiiaeaiea iieeoe/aneiai e eaeaieiae/aneiai eiio?iey iaae
eeoa?aoo?iuie i?aaiecaoeeyie.

Ino?ioa ai?ueau iaaeaeo aeanoueth e iiiiceoeeiiiuie i?aaenoaaeoaeyie
eeoa?aoo?iuo i?aaiecaoeee i?eaaea e ?ai?anneyi n?aaee eoeueoo?iie yeeou
Oe?aeiu. A 1929 a. aieueoaaeee iieiinoueth onoaiiaeee naie eiio?ieue
iaae eeoa?aoo?iui i?ioeannii. Oaeei ia?acii, caeii/eeny ia?aue yoai
oieoeeaoeee eeoa?aoo?iie aeecie a Oe?aeia. Aaeieieno?aoeaiui iooai a
1932 a. ana oe?aeineea ienaoaeueneea i?aaiecaoeee auee iauaaeeiaiu a
nithc ienaoaeae, /oi naeaeaoaeuenoaiaaei i caaa?oaiee e aa aoi?iai
aoaia.

Oioaeueiay oieoeeaoeey no?oeoo?u e aeayoaeueiinoe eeoa?aoo?iuo
i?aaiecaoeee i?ienoiaeeea a iauai eeth/a ai?ueau aieueoaaeeia ca aeanoue
a Oe?aeia. Eeeaeaeaoeey ?aciiia?acey a eoeueoo?a e ianeeuenoaaiiia
ianaaeaeaiea aaeeiiai iaoiaea i?eaaee e ia?iiiui iioa?yi a oe?aeineie
eeoa?aoo?a.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: eeoa?aoo?iua i?aaiecaoeee, oe?aeiecaoeey, oieoeeaoeey,
eeoa?aoo?iay aeeneonney, iauanoaaiii-iieeoe/aneia ?acaeoea Oe?aeiu.

ANNOTATION

Borysenko M.V. Literature organizations in Social and Political life of
Ukraine (1920-1932). — Manuskript.

Thesis for Candidate’s Degree by speciality of the 07.00.01 — History
of Ukraine. — Kyiv University named after Taras Shevchenko, Kyiv 1999.

Thesiss of dissertation is dedicated to the analysis of role literary
organizations in social and political life of Ukraine. The author,
basing himself on rich actual material, hereby explores the problem of
relationship between Soviet government and literature movement in
Ukraine in 1920s — beginning of 1930s.

Key words:, Literary organizations, ukrainian literature,
ukrainization, unifickation, literary discussion, Social and Political
development of Ukraine.

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