Aei?i?iiao?ianueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao

OAeE 882 – C /18/

Ooceiaa ?iia A?eoi??aia

E??E*IA IA*AEI

A ?IN?ENUeE?E I?IC? E?IOess O?O NOIE?OOss

(ia iaoa??ae? iaeeo ai?/ieo aeai??a)

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 10.01.02 – ?in?enueea e?oa?aoo?a

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo iaoe

Aei?i?iiao?ianuee – 1999

Aeena?oaoe?y ? ?oeiienii

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? ?in?enueei? e?oa?aoo?e Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?Aon?a A?eoi?
Aiae??eiae/caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e ?in?enueei? e?oa?aoo?e
Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?Iineiae?ia ??eia
?aai?aiai?ioani? eaoaae?e ?noi??? ?in?enueei? e?oa?aoo?e Oa?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo

eaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo iaoe,O?eao Oaoyia A?oae??aianoa?oee aeeeaaea/
eaoaae?e ?iicaiieo iia Aei?i?iiao?ianueei? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai??

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: eaoaae?a ?in?enueei? o?eieia?? *a?i?aaoeueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaooI?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 11 ” *A?AIss 1999 ?ieo i 16 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 08.051.12 ?c caoenoo
aeena?oaoe?e ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo
iaoe o Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? (320625,i.
Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, i?.Iaoeiaee, 13).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo (320625, i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, i?.Iaoeiaee,
13).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 8 ” O?AAIss 1999 ?ieo

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Aeooei I.I.16

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy. ?icaeoie ooaeiaeiuei? e?oa?aoo?e ia
iaae? O?O – OO noie?oue a?aeaoaaany i?ae ciaeii ?ioaineaiiai oa
??ciia?/iiai iiiaeaiiy. Iaeiei c aaaeeeaeo eiai aniaeo?a aoea caaaeueia
ineoieia?caoe?y e?oa?aoo?e, iineeaia caa?iaiiy ?? a iiaeo ?noi?e/ieo
oiiaao aei aioo??oiueiai na?oo ethaeeie, ?? aeooiaiiai oa aeooaaiiai
aeeooy. Iaaaci?aenoaaii aeine?aeieee aaaaeathoue, ui ethaeeia iaae?
noie?oue ni?eeiaea ? na?e /an ? naaa naio aeaia?/ii – ? ye iaaiee
“i?aenoiie”, ? ye iaaiee “ii/aoie”. Iaei??th c oi?i ooaeiaeiuei?
?aaeoe?? ia oaeee neeaaeiee, aioo??oiuei ae?aiaoe/iee aeooiaiee noai
ethaeeie noaei i?aeianaiiy ?iiaioe/ieo oaiaeaioe?e a e?oa?aoo??, yea
ni?eyei i?aeneeaiith e??e/iiai ia/aea oa noa’?eoeaii? niia?aeaeueiino? a
ai?/i?e iiia?ae?.

Na?aae ?in?enueeeo ienueiaiiee?a e?ioey O?O – ii/aoeo OO noie?ooy
iaea?eueo yne?aai ?iiaioe/ia noeeueiaa oaiaeaioe?y aeyaeeanue a oai?ao
A.Aa?oeia oa A.Ei?ieaiea. Oaeiae nai???aeii aiia caeiieth?oueny a
ooaeiaei?e no?oeoo?? iiia?aeaiue A.*aoiaa. Ooaeiaei? iniaeeaino?
?aae?cio A.Aa?oeia, A.Ei?ieaiea, A.*aoiaa oa aaciina?aaeiuei ieoaiiy i?i
?ieue ?iiaioe/ieo aeaiaio?a a ?o oai?/iio iaoiae? ?icaeyaeathoueny a
i?aoeyo A.I.Aa?aeieeiaa, A.?.Eai?inueeiai, O.I.Ia?anueei?,
A.Ae.Neaici?eiaa oa ?i. Oa?aeoa?ii, ui na?aae cania?a a?aeoai?aiiy
?iiaioe/ii? ia?aciino? o ?aae?noe/i?e e?oa?aoo?? e?ioey O?O noie?ooy on?
oe? aeine?aeieee iaceaathoue ? e??eci, iaeiae aeieeaaeii ia ieoaii? i?i
e??e/ia ia/aei a oai?ao A.Aa?oeia, A.Ei?ieaiea oa A.*aoiaa i?ooi c ieo
ia coieiy?oueny, iaiaaeoth/enue ie?aieie aeac?aeaie ia e??e/ia cao/aiiy
iaecaaeo, aeni?aneai?noue ?iiaioe/ii? neiaie?ee ? o.i. Iaeiae a
iniiaiiio naia coneeeyie aeine?aeiee?a, ye? ienaee i?i ?iiaioe/i?
oaiaeaioe?? a ?aae?ci? iaae? O?O – OO noie?oue, no/aniei
e?oa?aoo?iciaanoaii iaaooi /eiaei oe?eaaeo niinoa?aaeaiue iaae caniaaie
ia?aaea/? e??e/iiai ia/aea a oai?/ino? ienueiaiiee?a e?ioey O?O
noie?ooy, ia?aaeon?i A.Aa?oeia, A.Ei?ieaiea oa A. *aoiaa. Iaeiae, yeui
ia noa’?eoeaii-niia?aeaeueiee oa?aeoa? oai?/ino? A.Aa?oeia ? A.Ei?ieaiea
aeacothoue i?aeoe/ii an? c ieo, oi iiiyooy “/ao?anueeee e??eci” ?iiae?
aeeeeea? caia?a/aiiy, ine?eueee a oai?/ino? A.*aoiaa e??e/ia ia/aei ia?
aeoaea neeaaeio, i?eoiaaio oi?io ?nioaaiiy.

Iaiao?aeii cacia/eoe, ui e??eci ia ? nooi ?iiaioe/iei aeaiaioii
iiia?aeii? no?oeoo?e oai??a. Iaaaci?aenoaaii A.I.Aeueyoaae/ noaa?aeaeo?,
ui “e??e/iee oei i?ciaiiy ae?eniino? i?inyea? a iae??ciiiai?oi?o?
iaoiaee, aeieea? ? ia ?iiaioe/i?e, ? ia ?aae?noe/i?e, ? ia
aaaiaa?aeenonuee?e iniia?”. Yeueyoaae/ A.I. Ee?eci, yeni?anney, a?ioane.
– E., 1975. – N.27. Ioaea, e??eci i?eoaiaiiee ye ?iiaioe/i?e, oae ?
?aae?noe/i?e i?ic?. Iai aea caea?oueny oe?eaaei aeine?aeeoe ?ieue
e??e/iiai ia/aea o aca?iiae?? ?aae?noe/iiai oa ?iiaioe/iiai
ooaeiaeiueiai ae?aaeaiiy. A inieneaii? oe??? iniaeeaino? e??ecio
A.Aa?oeia, A.Ei?ieaiea oa A.*aoiaa, o?ueio yne?aaeo i?aaenoaaiee?a
?in?enueei? ?aae?noe/ii? e?oa?aoo?e 80 – 90 ?ie?a ieioeiai noie?ooy – ua
iaeia iiaeeea?noue iaaeeceoenue aei ?icoi?iiy oiai neeaaeiiai ? ana ua
iaaeinoaoiuei aea/aiiai yaeua, yeei caeeoa?oueny ?aae?ci e?ioey O?O
noie?ooy.

Oaeei /eiii, oi/ i?i ?aae?ci A.Aa?oeia, A.Ei?ieaiea oa A.*aoiaa iaienaii
/eiaei, niaoe?aeueieo i?aoeue, ui ?icaeyaeathoue i?iaeaio e??ecaoe??
ai?/ii? iiia?ae? a aniaeo?, ui ian oe?eaaeoue, iaia?. Oiae
iaiao?aei?noue iiaeeaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ?ie? e??e/iiai ia/aea a
oai?/ino? ienueiaiiee?a e?ioey O?O noie?ooy, aacnoii?aii,
a?ae/oaa?oueny. Oeei aecia/a?oueny aeooaeuei?noue cae?eniaiiai iaie
aeine?aeaeaiiy. Cae/aeii, a iueiio ?icaeyaeathoueny iaea?eueo oa?aeoa?i?
oi?ie ae?aaeaiiy e??e/iiai ia/aea a oai?/ino? ienueiaiiee?a, ui ian
oe?eaaeyoue, aeine?aeaeothoueny eeoa o? oai?e A.Aa?oeia, A.Ei?ieaiea oa
A.*aoiaa, a yeeo, ye iai caea?oueny, iaea?eueo yne?aai aeyaey?oueny
niaoeeo?ea ?o e??ecio. Iao? aeniiaee a?oioothoueny ia oiio, ui
“ii??aiyiiy ia cieuo? niaoeeo?ee yaeua, ui aeine?aeaeo?oueny; iaaiaee,
o?eueee c aeiiiiiaith ii??aiyiiy, oiaoi anoaiiaeaiiy iiae?aiinoae oa
a?aei?iiinoae, iiaeeeai oi/ii aecia/eoe, a /iio i?noeoueny oey
niaoeeo?ea”. AEe?ioineee A.I. N?aaieoaeueiia eeoa?aoo?iaaaeaiea. – E.,
1979. – N.67.

Aa?oi a?aecia/eoe, ui e??eci ienueiaiiee?a i?iynith? aeoiee
aoiai?noe/iiai iaoino ?o oai?/ino?. Ooaeiaei?noue ?aae?noe/iiai ??aiy ia
iiaea aeieeiooe aac aoiai?noe/iiai iaoino, aeaea?aeii yeiai ?
iniaeno?noue ienueiaiieea. A oai?/ino? A.Aa?oeia, A.Ei?ieaiea ? iniaeeai
A.*aoiaa ?in?enueea ?aae?noe/ia e?oa?aoo?a aeeoea ia iiaee ??aaiue
ooaeiaeiino?, a ?acii c oei ? ia iiaee ??aaiue aoiaiiino?. Naia oiio
aecia/eeanue iaoeiaa a?iioaca iaoiai aeine?aeaeaiiy – e??eci ?in?enueei?
?aae?noe/ii? i?ice e?ioey O?O noie?ooy ye iiaa ye?noue aoiai?cio.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. ?iaioa
a?aeiia?aea? iaoeia?e oaiaoeoe? eaoaae?e ?in?enueei? oa ca?oa?aeii?
e?oa?aoo?e E??iaia?aaenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo,
iaoeiaoe? yei? caeiathoueny aeine?aeaeaiiyi caeiiii??iinoae ?icaeoeo,
i?iaeai aca?iiae??, o?aaeeoe?e ? iiaaoi?noaa ?in?enueei? oa na?oiai?
e?oa?aoo?e.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy – aecia/eoe ?ieue e??e/iiai ia/aea o
aeai?iai-noeeueiaiio ?icaeoeo ?in?enueei? i?ice e?ioey O?O noie?ooy.

Iinoaaeaia iaoa ia?aaeaa/a? iaiao?aei?noue ae??oaiiy oaeeo caaaeaiue:

— aeae?eeoe aieiai? aeaea?aea e??e/iiai ieaio a oai?ao A.Aa?oeia,
A.Ei?ieaiea oa A.*aoiaa;

— i?inoaaeeoe ca’ycie e??e/iiai ia/aea c ?aeaeii-ooaeiaei?i ci?noii
oai??a A.Aa?oeia, A.Ei?ieaiea oa A.*aoiaa;

— ooi/ieoe nai???aei?noue ae?aaeaiiy aaoi?nueei? iiceoe?? a oai?ao
A.Aa?oeia, A.Ei?ieaiea oa A.*aoiaa;

— inieneeoe ?ieue e??e/iiai ia/aea o ?icaeoeo iiaeo aeai?iaeo
??ciiaeae?a iiia?aeii? i?ice e?ioey O?O noie?ooy.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeena?oaoe?? iieyaa? ye o aeai?? oaie, oae ? o i?aeoiae?
aei ?? ??oaiiy. Eiioeaio?aoe?y oaaae ia ?ie? e??e/iiai ia/aea o
aca?iiae?? ?aae?noe/iiai oa ?iiaioe/iiai ooaeiaeiueiai ae?aaeaiiy
aeicaiey? aeyaeoe ia o?eueee ?iaeea?aeoaeueii-aaoi?nuee? iniaeeaino?
iiaoeee eiaeiiai c ienueiaiiee?a, ui aiae?cothoueny, aea e i?inoaaeeoe
caaaeuei? caeiiii??iino? ?icaeoeo ?in?enueei? e?oa?aoo?e e?ioey O?O
noie?ooy.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeena?oaoe?? iieyaa? o oiio, ui ?? iaoa??aee iiaeooue
aooe aeei?enoai? aeey i?aeaioiaee eaeoe?e c ?noi??? ?in?enueei?
e?oa?aoo?e e?ioey O?O – ii/aoeo OO noie?ooy, i?e ?ic?iaoe? niaoeeo?n?a
oa niaoenai?ia??a, i?enay/aieo i?iaeai? e??ecaoe?? ooaeiaeiuei? i?ice oa
aca?iiae?? ?aae?noe/iiai oa ?iiaioe/iiai i?eioeei?a a?aeia?aaeaiiy
ae?eniino?.

Aeena?oaoe?y ? iniaenoei aianeii iiooeoaa/a o ae??oaiiy i?iaeaie
e??ecaoe?? iiia?ae? a ?in?enuee?e i?ic? e?ioey O?O noie?ooy.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y iaaiai?thaaeanue ia can?aeaii? eaoaae?e
?in?enueei? oa ca?oa?aeii? e?oa?aoo?e E??iaia?aaenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aoei
i?aaenoaaeaii ia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? aeieoi?aio?a oa
ani??aio?a E??iaia?aaenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai ?inoeoooo
(1995 ?.) oa ia i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? “O?aioe?y oa
Oe?a?ia, iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iee aeina?ae o eiioaeno? ae?aeiao iaoe?iiaeueieo
eoeueoo?” (Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1995 ?.).

Ioae?eaoe??. C oaie aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iioae?eiaaii 6
noaoae, 4 c yeeo – o oaoiaeo aeaeaiiyo oa 2 oac aeiiia?aeae
eiioa?aioe?e.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?eia aeine?aeaeaiiy neeaaea?oueny c
anooio, 4 ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a oa nieneo aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e (140
iaeiaioaaiue) ? 154 noi??iee iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiao?oueny aea?? oaie aeena?oaoe??, ?? aeooaeuei?noue,
iaoeiaa iiaecia, i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy, anoaiiaeththoueny iaoa ? caaaeaiiy
aeine?aeaeaiiy.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? aeena?oaoe?? – “I?iaeaia e??ecaoe?? ai?/ii? iiia?ae?
a no/aniiio e?oa?aoo?iciaanoa?” – iiaea?oueny iaeyae iaoeiai? e?oa?aoo?e
c oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy. Ooo aea aea?oueny aecia/aiiy iiiyooy “e??eci”.
Cie?aia, a?aecia/a?oueny, ui e??eci, c?icoi?eee o oe?ieiio ieai? – ia ye
aeai?iaa eaoaai??y, aea ye “iaoinii-noeeueiaa iniaeea?noue anoaoe/iiai
ni?eeiyooy ae?eniino?”, E?oa?aoo?iciaa/ee neiaiee-aeia?aeiee. – E.,
1997. – N. 403. ye iiaoe/ii oiiea cia?aaeaiiy aeeaiai ethaenueeiai
ii/oooy, i?aeianaii-aiioe?eia ia?aaeeaaiiy aoaeue-yei? iiae?? aai yaeua,
– ia i?ioeiieacaiee ai?/iiio aeai?o. Iaenoa? neiaa iiaea aenoaaoe aei
naaa iaenoai??o? aeiiae “ia’?eoeaiino?”, aea i?i ui aai i?i eiai a ia
?iciia?aeaa ienueiaiiee, a?aoo?-?aoo a?i caaaeaee “?iciia?aea?” ? naiiai
naaa. A oeueiio nain? an? ienueiaiieee e??e/i?, iaeiae ia an? aiie
iaeiaeiaith i??ith aeyaeythoue naith e??e/i?noue.

E??eci o aocueeiio – ? oi/iiio – cia/aii? oeueiai neiaa icia/a?
a?aeia?aaeaiiy na?oo oa ethaeeie, yea ca nai?th nooi?noth i?aaia aei
noa’?eoeaiino?, c?a??oi aeeaei aaoi?nueeei ii/oooyi, ia? aeeaiei
iniaeno?niee oa?aeoa?. Aiioe?eii iane/aia, i?inyeiooa aaoi?nueeei
ii/oooyi ooaeiaeiy i?ica ia? a nia? ie?ai? ?ene ? e??e/iiai, ? ai?/iiai
cia?aaeaiiy aeeooy, ye?, nai???aeii caeiiethth/enue a i?e, noai?ththoue
iiao ooaeiaeith ?aei?noue, ui caa??aa? aaciina?aaei?noue oa
aiioe?ei?noue e??eee, aea, ia a?aei?io a?ae ia?, aea? cia/ii a?eueo
?icai?iooee, neeaaeiee, aaaaoiieaiiaee, aeeiai?/iee ia?ac e??e/iiai
ia?aaeeaaiiy, a /ano?oa – iioieo ia?aaeeaaiue, yeee neeaaea?oueny c
oe?eiai eaioethaa aaoi?nueeeo ?icaeoi?a, ii/ooo?a, anioe?aoe?e ? o.i.
I?e oeueiio ceeooy ai?/iiai oa e??e/iiai ia/ae cae??ieth? a
eiiiiceoe?eii-iiai?e ?aeiino? i?ica?/ieo oai??a ca’ycie aeaio oei?a
cia?aaeaiiy ethaeeie: /a?ac a/eiee, aeoiee ? ii/oooy aa?i?a oa /a?ac o?
ia?aaeeaaiiy oa ioe?iee, ye? ae?eia? iniae aeeeeeathoue o aaoi?a.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? aeena?oaoe?? – “Noa’?eoeaii-niia?aeaeueia ia/aei a
oai?/ino? A.Aa?oeia” – aecia/athoueny ooieoe?? ? caniae ae?aaeaiiy
e??e/iiai ia/aea a oai?ao A.Aa?oeia. Aeanoeaino? iniaenoino? A.Aa?oeia –
iaaecae/aeia /ooeea?noue aei /oaeeo no?aaeaeaiue, oai?iaeeaa
nia?noeea?noue, i?aaiaiiy i?aaaee oa ni?aaaaeeeaino?, – iicia/eaoenue ia
eiai i?ic?, aecia/eee ye ianiie?eia oa aeenaa?iii?eia ni?eeiyooy na?oo,
yea a?aaea? a iiia?aeaiiyo ienueiaiieea, oae ? oei aa?oeinueeiai aa?iy.
A.Aa?oei caaaeaee aeoeaioo? ia ?aeaaeueieo i?aaiaiiyo, ye? anooiathoue o
i?ioe??//y c no/aniei na?oiono?i?i, – ca?aene e??eea “oai?i? nia?no?”,
ia?ac aa?iy, ui o?aaeaiee “na?oiaei ceii”, ??cei noa’?eoeaiee oii
a?eueoino? eiai oai??a. Ia aeiaaeeiai, nai ienueiaiiee iaceaaa nai?
iiia?aeaiiy “no?aoieie aieaiiyie” ? a oie aea /an – “a??oaie o i?ic?”.
Aiioe?eia aeinoia??i?noue aeinyaa?oueny a ieo ia?aaaaeii aiane?aeie
aeoeaii? iiceoe?? aaoi?a-iiia?aea/a, yeee ?ioa?i?aoo?, ioe?ith?,
no?aaeaea? ?acii c aa?i?i, a oaeiae oeyoii i?aeaeuaiiy aeni?aneaiino?
eiai iiae. Oae, oi/a aaoi?a-iiia?aea/a ? ia aaaaeaii aei nthaeaoii? ae??
iiia?aeaiue “*a?aiia ea?oea”, “I?/”, “Neacaiiy i?i ai?aeiai Aaaay” oa
?i., naia eiai iiaa, iane/aia aiioe?eii-ae?aciith eaeneeith, i?noeoue o
nia? o? noa’?eoeai? ioe?iee, ye? iaaeathoue cia?aaeoaaiiio ocaaaeueiaia
e??eei-neiaie?/ia cia/aiiy.

A ooaeiaeiueiio na?o? “*a?aiii? ea?oee” on? ?a/? aeni?aneaii
ia?ainieneai?, ? oi/a ?nio? ?aaeueia iioeaoaaiiy oaeiai ia?ainieneaiiy
(oai?a na?aeii?noue aa?iy), iaeiae cnoa, iane/ai?noue, yne?aaa
aeni?aneai?noue iiia?ae? iaeaaeaoue aaoi?ia? ? noai?ththoue iiooaei?e
aiioe?eiee aieea. Aeey A.Aa?oeia, i/aaeaeii, aaaeeeai aoei i?aee?aneeoe
iayai?noue a iiia?aeaii? aeaio ieai?a, o??? neeaaeii? ia?aciino?, yea
iaaea? eiaeiiio a/eieo aa?iy ua yeeenue ?ioee niene, yeee i?ye ia
iiaeeeai aeaanoe c ia’?eoeaii? ?aaeueiino?. Oiio c /eneaiieo oi?i
ae?aaeaiiy e??e/iiai ia/aea a iiia?aeaii? “*a?aiia ea?oea” iaea?eueo
yne?aaith, aeeaieith, aacnoii?aii, ? aeni?aneaia neiaie?ea, yea
ia?aaiaeeoue ci?no oai?o c ?aaeueii-iiaooiaiai o neiaie?ei-?iiaioe/iee.
A ooaeiaei?e no?oeoo?? iiia?aeaiiy aaeeea e?euee?noue aeaoaeae, ui
iiaoi?ththoueny, iaaoaa? neiaie?/iiai cia/aiiy, aei oiai ae, aa?oeinuee?
ia?ace-neiaiee, ia?aaaaeii, aaaaoicia/i? (o?ano – ciae no?aaeieoeoaa ?
neee, o?aniiai ciaiaiiy; aiaiiue – oie, ui cieuo? ? iiiaeth? ? o.i.).
Iniiaia iaaaioaaeaiiy, i?e?iaeii, eyaa? ia e??eei-neiaie?/iee ia?ac
/a?aiii? ea?oee, yea oiniaeth? neee cea ?, aeath/e ocaaaeueiaia oyaeaiiy
i?i iniiaio oaio iiia?aeaiiy, aiineoue a iiia?aeue aiioe?eio iai?oao.

Aaaeeeaei aeaea?aeii e??e/iiai ieaio iiia?aeaiiy “*a?aiia ea?oea” ?
ii?o?ao aa?oeinueeiai aa?iy: “Ii aue no?aoai … Ainiae?iiua, oe?iei
?ane?uoua aeaca (ii ia niae aeanyoue nooie) ai?aee iaiiaeaeaeiui ai?y/ei
aeaneii; ia?aiay noaei?iaa iiae??aeaaea e?ae ieaeiae aoau; niooaiiua
aieinu iaaeaee a?eaie ia eia…” Aaoi?nueea noaaeaiiy aei aa?iy,
a?aeia?aaeaia a iien? eiai ciai?oiino?, ?ic’ynith?oueny o ae?aeic?
oai?iai c e?ea?ai, ui aee?eaa? i?ioeeaaei?noue ?o na?oiaeyaeieo
iiceoe?e. E??eci cao/eoue ye o iaoin? i?iiia aa?iy, c yeei a?i
aeiaiaeeoue iaiao?aei?noue cieuaiiy cea, oae ? a aaoi?nuee?e ??ii??
noiniaii e?ea?y, oieiaei?noue ? aacnoi?iii?noue yeiai ??cei
eiio?anoothoue ?c caoaeaeai?noth oai?iai.

Iaei??th c oi?i ae?aaeaiiy noa’?eoeaii-e??e/iiai ia/aea a iiia?aeaii?
“*a?aiia ea?oea” ? iaaeania-i?yia iiaa – nai???aeia oeeoaoa, aea
i?eoiaaia, “aac eaiie”: iiia?aea/ ooo – noa’?eo iiae, aa?ie – noa’?eo
na?aeiiino?. Caaaeyee oiio, ui o A.Aa?oeia iai?yia iiaa iinooiiai,
iaiii?oii ia?aoiaeeoue, ia?ao?ea? o iaaeania-i?yio, ?ic’?aeiai? ye
noa’?eoe iiaeaiiy aa?ie oa aaoi?-iiia?aea/ ia’?aeiothoueny ?
ni?eeiathoueny /eoa/aie ye iin?? ?aeeii? na?aeiiino?. E??eci
aa?oeinueeiai iiia?aeaiiy, ui aeieea? i?e oeueiio, ae?aaea? aiioe?eiee
noai aa?iy, aea ine?eueee a?i ia?aaea?oueny ia i?yiith, a
iaaeania-i?yiith iiaith, oi ia?aiineoueny ? ia aaoi?a-iiia?aea/a, yeee
ia o?eueee iieno?, aea e iiae?ey? ia?aaeeaaiiy aa?iy, ni?a/oaa? eiio.
Oae a iiia?aeaii? A.Aa?oeia a?aeaoaa?oueny ii?aeiaiiy ia/aaoi ??cieo
yeinoae – ia’?eoeaiino? oa e??ecio. Aiane?aeie oeueiai, ia’?eoeai?noue,
ui iia’ycaia c ai?/iith iienia?noth, aaci?eno?ani?noth ? e??eci, ui
ae?aaea? noeo?th noa’?eoeaiino?, aiioe?eiino?, ceeaathoueny a
i?inyeioo?e e??eciii (e??eciaai?e) ia’?eoeaiino?.

Noa’?eoeaii-e??e/iee oa?aeoa? iiia?ae? a iniiai?e /anoei? iiia?aeaiiy
“*a?aiia ea?oea” ??cei eiio?anoo? c i?aee?aneaii ia’?eoeaiith iaia?ith
iiia?ae? o o?iae? oai?o, yeee aiineoue o ci?no iiia?aeaiiy ??ii?/ia
ia/aei: ?aeaaeuei?noue na?aeiiino? aa?oeinueeiai aa?iy, ui ia
ciaoiaeeoue a?oioo a ?aaeueiino?, ni?e/eith? nii/aoeo eiai aiaeaa?eey, a
iio?i ? eiai caaeaaeue. Iaeiae o?iae iiia?aeaiiy ia cieuo?
aa?i?ei-?iiaioe/iiai iaoino oai?o – e??cue eiai neiaiee i?ina?/o?oueny
aaeeea e?euee?noue niene?a. A?eueo oiai, ia aeeaey/enue ia oa, ui
“*a?aiia ea?oea” cae?i/o?oueny nia?oth aa?iy, i?iaeaie, iinoaaeai? o
oai??, caeeoathoueny aei e?ioey ia ae??oaieie, caa?iooeie o iaeaooi?,
aei /eoa/a, – oiio oa?aeoa? o?iaeo, eiai a?aee?eo?noue a?ae?a?a?
aaaeeeao ?ieue o noai?aii? e??e/iiai ieaio oai?o. Iiae?aio oi?io
a?aee?eoiai o?iaeo A.Aa?oei aeei?enoiao? a iiia?aeaii? “I?/”, yea oaeiae
caaa?oo?oueny nia?oth aa?iy, aea ia a?aei?io a?ae “*a?aiii? ea?oee”
aoaeo a?aee?eoino? aeinyaa?oueny ooo, aieiaiei /eiii, caaaeyee
?aioiaiio, ia i/?eoaaiiio /eoa/ai ?ica’ycaiith eiioe?eoo (ca i?eioeeiii
?aioiaino?).

Eiioo?ii nthaeaoo “Ii/?” ? ?iciia?aeue i?i aeooiaio aaiethoe?th aai
i?ic??iiy aa?iy, yeee ia?ainieneth? ana nai? aeeooy. Nthaeaoii-ae?eiaee,
eiie?aoii-iiaooiaee ieai ooo iaeneiaeueii caoaeaii. A?i aanue /an
ia?a?eaa?oueny ieaiii na?aeiiino? aa?iy, yeee iino?eii ?aoeaeno?. I?e
oeueiio e??eci aieiaiei /eiii cina?aaeaeo?oueny o aioo??oi?o iiiieiaao
Ieaen?y Iao?iae/a, ?ioiiaoe?eia aoaeiaa ? ?eoi yeeo caeaa?eueoiai
aecia/athoueny aeni?aneai?noth ?iciiaieo neioaene/ieo oi?i, iaeiae
aaoi?-iiia?aea/ iino?eii eiiaioo? ?icaeoie aa?iy, ooi/ith? oa?aeoa? eiai
?aoeaen??. Iiaa aaoi?a-iiia?aea/a iiaae i?iaeiaaeo? ?icaeoie aa?iy,
caa??aath/e oie aea iai?oaeaiee ?eoi, oo ae aaioaaeio ?ioiiaoe?th.
Ii/anoe, o aioo??oi?o iiiieiaao Ieaen?y Iao?iae/a, iiaeaieo o oi?i?
iaaeania-i?yii? iiae, aaoi?-iiia?aea/ ceeaa? na?e aiein c aieinii aa?iy.

Oi/a oi?iaeueii any iiia?aeue iiae?ey?oueny ia o?noue ?icae?e?a, aei
yeeo i?eeyaa? eiiiiceoe?eii a?aeie?aieaiee o?iae, ii noo?, iiia?aeaiiy
aoaeo?oueny ia i?ioenoaaeaii? aeaio /anoei, ye? i?noyoue a nia?,
a?aeiia?aeii, 1-3, oa 4-6 ?icae?ee, ia’?aeiai? ni?eueiei iano?i?i. A
ia?o?e /anoei? aeii?io? e??e/iee iioea iaiaaeno?, iaea?eueo neeueii
ae?aaeaiee o ia?aaenia?oiiio eeno? Ieaen?y Iao?iae/a c? no?ao?oeeaeie
i?ieeyooyie ia aae?ano anueiai ethaenoaa (3 ?icae?e); o ae?oa?e /anoei?
ceiaa oa iaiaaenoue a aeoo? aa?iy ci?iththoueny caoiieaiiyi, yea aoei
ia?iaeaeaia a?aee?eooyi “ni?aaaeiueiai aeeooy”. I?ioenoaaeaiiy oeeo
aeaio iano?i?a ? noai?th? e??e/iee ieai oai?o.

Ia iaio aaaeeeao ?ieue a ooai?aii? e??e/iiai ieaio oai?o ia? iaecaae,
yeee ni?ey? ?ice?eooth e??eei-o?einionueei? oa ineoieia?/ii? oaie
aa?oeinueeiai iiia?aeaiiy. Iniaeeai oa?aeoa?iei ? e??e/iee iien o e?ioe?
o?aoueiai ?icae?eo: “… ii anoae, iiaeio?e e ieio e ioia? oi?oi/eo.
Aeuiyuayny ii?iciay no?oy iaoioea ia iaai. Niaa ia?anoae eaeoe, iaai
auei /enoi; ia ae?oaie noi?iia oeeoeu ineaieoaeueii aaeue naae,
ieooaiiue eiaai, naa?eae iiae eoiiui naaoii. Ianeieueei ca?cae niio?aei
ec aeae?eiai /enoiai iaaa, iaeia ec ieo auea y?/a anao e ai?aea
e?aniiaaoui neyieai … “A?eoo?, – i?ioaioae Aeaenae Iao?iae/. –
Neieueei eao y ia aeaeae yoiai A?eoo?a? Au? a aeiiacee, eiaaea o/eeny
…” Aio ia oioaeinue ioaanoe aeac io caacaeu…” A oeueiio iien?, yeee
oiniaeth? /enoioo i?e?iaee, ia o?eueee cao/eoue aaoi?nueeee i?ioano
i?ioe a?oaeo noni?eueieo a?aeiinei, aea e ae?aaea?oueny aa?oeinueeee
?aeaae “ni?eueii? ethaeyi i?aaaee”. Ocaaaeueiaiee e??eei-neiaie?/iee
iaecaaeiee ia?ac noai?th?oueny ooo caaaeyee aeei?enoaiith aeni?aneaii?
aeii?iaioe, yea ooai?th?oueny a ?acoeueoao? iaai?oaiiy a iaaeao
iaaaeeeiai ca ianyaii oaenoo ne?a, ui iaeaaeaoue aei iaeiiai
neiii?i?/iiai ?yaeo ? ia?aaeathoue aeecuee? ca ci?noii a?aeo?iee (ni?a,
a?eee naae, ?i?e, i?ny/ia na?oei, /enoa iaai ? o.i.). ?yae anioe?aoeaii
aeecueeeo, neiii?i?/ieo ia?ac?a caieea?oueny e??e/ii caaa?aeaiei
ia?acii-neiaieii, ui ocaaaeueith? ?o: c??ea A?eoo?, ui a?aceea Ieaen?y
Iao?iae/a, a eiai na?aeiiino?, ye ? ia?aaeca?i, anioe?th?oueny c? na?oii
aeeoeinoaa, yeee o A.Aa?oeia iaaoaa? ?aeee?/iiai ci?noo, – caaaeoth/e
nai? aeeoeinoai, aa?ie ciiao iiaa?oa? ao?a/aio ?ai?oa a??o a naaa, a??o
a iaiao?aei?noue aeeoe.

O?iae iiia?aeaiiy, a?aeiia?aeii aei ?iiaioe/ii? ??ii??, yeo a?i
i?noeoue, ona?aeiieth?oueny ye noaa?aeaeaiiy iaiiaeeeaino? ao?eaiiy
i???, ?aeaaeo a ae?eni?noue. Ia’?eoeaia iaia?a iiia?ae? o o?iae? oai?o,
yea ??cei eiio?anoo? c noa’?eoeaiith iiia?aeaeth a iiia?aaei?o /anoeiao
iiia?aeaiiy, oae?acith? iani?iiiaei?noue aa?iy aeoeaiith ae??th
i?ioenoiyoe “aoeueaa?iino?” ?aaeueii? ae?eniino?. Ae?eni?noue c ?? ceii,
iani?aaaaeeea?noth oa iai?aaaeith aeey A.Aa?oeia ? ianoa?iiith, ? oeyo
i?eie?aiiy c iath, oeyo eiioi?i?cio – iaiiaeeeaee. Iaeiae cei aeey
A.Aa?oeia – aaaaoicia/ia ? ia ca’ycaia o?eueee c nioe?aeueiith
iani?aaaaeeea?noth. Oiio e caia?a/aiiy cea ia? iaaiith i??ith
aano?aeoiee oa?aeoa?. C iaeyaeo ia ii?aeuei?noue, aeey iueiai
iai?eeiyoiei ? aoaeue-yea ianeeuenoai: A.Aa?oeia caaaeaee i?eaaaethaaee
e?ana ethaenueeiai iiaeaeao, e?ana ii?aeueii? naiiiiaea?oae. Oiio
iiaeaea “ai?ioueae c? ceii” o A.Aa?oeia caaaeaee noa? eeoa aeoii
iniaenoiai aeai?o ie?aii? ethaeeie, ?? ia?aiiaith iaae niaith – a
noni?euenoa? ae i?/iai ia ci?ith?oueny.

A o?aoueiio ?icae?e? aeena?oaoe?? “E??eei-?iiaioe/ia i?e?iaea oai??a
A.Ei?ieaiea” – ?icaeyaeathoueny caniae e??ecaoe?? iiia?ae? a i?ic?
A.Ei?ieaiea. Iioei?noe/ia a??a A.Ei?ieaiea a ethaeeio noaea aeaea?aeii
e??eei-?iiaioe/iiai no?oiaiy a eiai oai?/ino?. I?aaio/e iiiaeoe
?aae?noe/io nenoaio, A.Ei?ieaiei i?eioeei ooaeiaeiuei? i?aaaee
aeiiiaith? aeaiaioii aa?i?cio, yeee o eiai oai?ao aenooia? o oi?i?
iaae??, ia?aae/oooy, noa’?eoeaiiai ni?yioaaiiy ooaeiaeieea. Ini?aoaaiiy
aa?i?cio, no?eeino?, iii?o ceo, iaeeiai iioyao ethaeeie aei naiaiaee,
aeia?a e noni?eueii? ei?eniino? – iniiai? e??e/i? iioeae a oai?/ino?
ienueiaiieea, ye? aeathoue a?ae/oooy “iiaeeeai? ?aaeueiino?” (oa?i?i
A.Ei?ieaiea) i?e cia?aaeaii? ?aaeueii? ae?eniino?. Nooi?iue e??e/iino?
oai??a A.Ei?ieaiea ??ciee: a?i iaioee a ai?ei-ioae?oeenoe/i?e i?ic?,
ca?eueoo?oueny ?c c?inoaiiyi a i?e ?iiaioe/iiai ia/aea ? nyaa?
iaeneiaeueiiai ??aiy a oiiaieo aeai?iaeo oi?iao – eaaaiaeao, eaceao,
e??eei-neiaie?/ieo oai?ao.

Iaea?aeii?oei oa iaea?eueo oa?aeoa?iei oai?ii c??eiai A.Ei?ieaiea ?
iia?noue “Ne?iee ioceeaio”, yea iiia?aea? i?i ne?iiia?iaeaeaiiai
oeii/eea, aeey yeiai na?o iicaaaeaiee aa?a oa na?oea. E??e/iee eaeoiioea
iia?no? – ?ioaineaiee iioya aei na?oea – ciaoiaeeoue ao?eaiiy
ianaiia?aae o /eneaiieo aaoi?nueeeo a?aenooiao-eiiaioa?yo, nai???aeieo
i??eoaaiiyo-caeiaaaeeao, iane/aieo aiioe?yie aaoi?a-iiia?aea/a, ye? a
oie aea /an i?noyoue o nia? aeaiaioe aiae?oe/iino?. Oea aai iia?aei?
caoaaaeaiiy aaoi?a-iiia?aea/a c i?eaiaeo o??? /e ?ioi? iniae aai iiae??,
aai aeiaeaoeia? ?ic’yniaiiy, aai, ianaie?iaoeue, aaeee?
o?einionueei-ioae?oeenoe/i? i??eoaaiiy. A?eueoino? c ieo i?eoaiaiia
yne?aaa aiioe?eia caaa?aeai?noue. I?e oeueiio a?aenooi?noue
eaoaai?e/iino? noaeaeaiue aaoi?a-iiia?aea/a, yeee eiiaioo? ? aiioe?eii
ioe?ith? cia?aaeoaai? iiae??, ii/oooy e iiaaae?ieo ia?niiaae?a, aeaiaio
noii?ao, ui aiineoueny a eiai iiaeaiiy canoa?aaeaiiyie “caea?oueny”,
“iaaooue” ? o.i., ii?yae ?c i?yieie caa?oaiiyie aei oyaiiai /eoa/a,
noaaeoue /eoa/a o noaiiaeua ni?a?iciiaieea, noai?th? a iueiai a?ae/oooy
i?e/aoiino? aei c?iaeaieo niinoa?aaeaiue oa aeniiae?a.

I?ae oei iaeoiio? ii?ooe aeoo? nai?o aa?i?a (? ianaiia?aae Iao?a)
aaoi?-iiia?aea/ ia?aaea? ia no?eueee /a?ac eia?/i? i??eoaaiiy ?
aeniiaee, ne?eueee a ?acoeueoao? anioe?aoeaiiai c?noaaeaiiy ia
iia’ycaieo i?ae niaith yaeu aeeooy ethaeeie e na?oo i?e?iaee. Iniaeeao
?ieue i?e oeueiio a?ae?a?a? e??e/ii caaa?aeaiee iaecaae, cia?aaeaiee a
aniaeo? ni?eeiyooy ye aaoi?a-iiia?aea/a, oae ? aa?i?a oai?o. Aeey oiai,
uia iieacaoe iaaeieeoi?e na?o o ni?eeiyoo? ne?iiai, A.Ei?ieaieo
aeiaiaeeeiny noai?thaaoe iaecaae aeiyoeiai caniaaie caoeiaeo ia?ac?a:
iaeiae o aeniiceoe?? eiaeiiio caoeiaiio iaecaaeo ia?aaeo? ci?iaee, oiaoi
na?aeii?noue aa?iy a?aeaeaey?oueny a?ae na?aeiiino? aaoi?a-iiia?aea/a. A
iniiai?e /anoei? oai?o iiaeai? eeoa caoeia? iaecaae?, oiaoi aaoi?nueea
na?aeii?noue ceeaa?oueny ooo ?c na?aeii?noth aa?iy. Oaeei /eiii, iien
ci?iaiai iaecaaeo a iia?no? A.Ei?ieaiea ia?aaea? aaoi?nueea ni?eeiyooy
i?e?iaee, a iien caoeiaiai iaecaaeo a?aeiia?aea? ni?eeiyooth aeiae?eey
ne?iei: eiie?aoi?, ?aaeuei? i?aaeiaoe a noa’?eoeaiiio ni?eeiyoo? ne?iiai
ia?aoai?ththoueny ia ooiaii?, iaaecia/aii-oa?iie/? ia?ace, iaiiaiai?
neooiaeie a?ae/oooyie. Oa?aeoa?ii, ui /a?ac ia?acia, aaciina?aaei?
ni?eeiyooy ne?iiai i?e?iaea iaeooiaeth?oueny: “aea?aauey a naaeo
oaioaeenue”, “aiaea aiai?eea i /?i-oi”, “ni??coayny caiey niieeea” e
o.ae. A caoeia? ia?ace, ye? iaaeathoue iaecaaeo a?aeo?iie
iaeooiaeaiino?, aaciina?aaeiuei ?aae?cothoueny a ioce/ieo ?ii?ia?caoe?yo
Iao?a (? oeei noaa?aeaeo?oueny a??a a ia?aiiao na?oea iaae oai?yaith –
iniiaia ?aeay oai?o), ui iniaeeai a?ae/oaa?oueny a ai?eic?, ine?eueee
neiaie?ea iaecaaeo ia?aaoeo?oueny a “Ne?iiio ioceeaio?” c iaoaoi?e/iei
ci?noii o?iaeo – aeooiaiei i?ic??iiyi aa?iy.

Aacia?a/ii, iaeiei c iniiaieo aeaea?ae e??e/iiai ieaio a iia?no?
A.Ei?ieaiea ? ii?o?ao. Aaea a aeniiceoe?? e??eci i?enooi?e a ciaethaaii?
ii?o?aoa Iao?a, yeiio i?eoaiaii? ?ene ?iiaioe/iiai aa?iy, ui
?icaeaathoueny ? iiaeeaeththoueny a ii?o?aoi?e oa?aeoa?enoeoe? c i’yoiai
?icae?eo oai?o, a yeiio ciaeueiaaii aeooaai? ioee ne?iiai, ui aie?nii
ia?aaeeaa? naith o?ce/io iaiiaiioe?ii?noue, nai? a?ae/oaeaiiy a?ae
ethaeae. Nooo?aei ? oa, ui aiioe??, ii/oooy, i?i ye? ?iciia?aea?oueny,
iaeaaeaoue ia o?eueee aa?i?a?, aea e aaoi?o-iiia?aea/o.

Ia??aeei a noa’?eoeaii caaa?aeaio iiia?aeue “Ne?iiai ioceeaioa”
i?aai?/ii aoiaeeoue iaaeania-i?yia iiaa: aaoi?-iiia?aea/ iieno? iiae??
(ioce/ia ciaaaiiy i?ae ?ioeiii ? iao??’th Iao?a; ia?oee ioae?/iee aenooi
Iao?a oa ?i.), a iaaeania-i?yia iiaa eiioeaio?iaaii ae?aaea? aeoiee e
ii/oooy aa?i?a, aeeeeeai? oeeie iiae?yie. I?e oeueiio, ye ? a
iiia?aeaiiyo A.Aa?oeia, /eneaii? aaaaeaiiy iaaeania-i?yii? iiae a
iiaeaiiy aaoi?a-iiia?aea/a iinoathoue o A.Ei?ieaiea ye ?iioeuene
e??ecaoe??, ye? ia’?aeiothoue na?aeii?noue aa?i?a ? na?aeii?noue
aaoi?a-iiia?aea/a a ?aeiino? noaaeaiiy aei ae?eniino?.

Nai???aeia aiioe?eia iai?oaa a iia?no? A.Ei?ieaiea noai?th?oueny
aiane?aeie i?aeai?o eaene/ieo cania?a, ye? i?noyoue o nai?e naiaioeoe?
aeaiaioe i?aeianaiino?, aeniei? aeni?an?? (aeaeue, ia/aeue, a?onoue,
aa?iiiey), caaaey/oth/e aaeeaaiith yne?aaeo ai?oao?a (“iaiauyoiay
oueia”, “iai?iieoeaaiue i?ae”, “caeieaeiaaiiue e?oa”), oeiiaeo
?iiaioe/ieo iaoaoi? (“i?aii?iua aenee”, “ca?eaei aeooe”) ? ii??aiyiue
(“aeaaea eeaaaoa e nieaoie neaouaathony ii eo aaeiniaaeiie iaeaaeaea,
oi/ii a?yciua a?ucae n e?ueueaa eaaaaey”), eaeneee, caiice/aii? c
oe?a?inueei? iiae (iaie/, aeiey, aeoiea, ?ooieoey, aaiaeo?a, eiaca??) ?
o.i.

Ca iane/ai?noth aeni?aneaiith iiaith, iaoaoi?e/i?noth oa iniaeeaith
?eoi?/iith i?aai?caoe??th iiia?ae? na?aae oai??a A.Ei?ieaiea, aac
noii?ao, aeae?ey?oueny eiai a?aeiia i?i?aoth?a “Aiaieee”, yea oe?eeii
aei?aaaeaii ni?eeia?oueny ye nai???aeia ea?ioanaioe?y ei?ieaie?anueeiai
e??ecio. Iaaeiaaeeiai a aeine?aeieoeuee?e e?oa?aoo?? iaiaeii?aciai
cacia/aeinue oa, ui ca nai?th ia?aciith nenoaiith oa aeai?iaith
no?oeoo?ith oea e??eei-naiaioe/ia iiia?aeaiiy iaaaaeo? a??o o i?ic?. A
iniia? eiiiiceoe?? “Aiaiee?a” aeei?enoaii i?eioeei eiio?anoo, yeee ?
iaeiei c aieiaieo aeaea?ae e??ecio oai?o: any i?i?aoth?a iiaoaeiaaia ia
i?ioenoaaeaii? eiio?anoieo ia?ac?a oaiii? ??/ee oa aiaiee?a, ye? o
iiia?ae? iaaoaathoue neiaie?ei-iaoaoi?e/iiai ci?noo. Aeaiieaiia?noue
iiaeaiiy iaaea? oai?ia? ?en o?einionueei? iiia?ae?, eiioo? nthaeaoo yei?
neeaaeathoue iiooee ethaeeiith ?noeie i?i naaa ? i?i na?o. A ia?o?e
/anoei? i?i?aoth?e aiaieee anioe?ththoueny o?eueee c ?aae?noth
ia?nii?o?eiaaiiai iiia?aea/a (“Io neaaa aiao! – neacae y n ?aaeinoueth,
– aeecei ii/eaa!”), a oai?yaa – c aiaoe/i?noth aaney?a (“A?aaaoe
iiaa?ioeny … e iiyoue aiaoe/ii iae?a ia a?nea”), aea a ae?oa?e ?
o?ao?e /anoeiao ia?ace aa?i?a, a ?acii c ieie ? iacaai? anioe?aoe??
iaaoaathoue ocaaaeueiaiiai naino: aiaieee ? oai?yaa ni?eeiathoueny ye
aea? aeeoo?a? iiceoe??. Aaaeeeaei ? oa, ui ua a aeniiceoe??
ia?nii?o?eiaaiee iiia?aea/ aecia? ?noeii?noue ne?a aaney?a, oiio
caa’ycea ooaeiaeiueiai eiioe?eoo a?aeaoaa?oueny ia ia
?aaeueii-iiaooiaiio, a ia ocaaaeueiaii-o?einionueeiio ??ai? ?icaeoeo
nthaeaoo. O /aoaa?o?e /anoei? oeaio?aeueia e??eei-o?einionueea oaia
iiia?aeaiiy iaaoaa? a?aie/ii ocaaaeueiaiiai, neiaie?/iiai cia/aiiy:
“Iiiai iaiae e ?aiueoa e iinea iaieee ia iaeiiai iaiy naiath
aeecinoueth. Ii aeeciue oa/?o an? a oao aea oa?thiuo aa?aaao, a iaie au?
aeaeaei…”. Aea oi/a e??eei-neiaie?/i? iioeae oai?yae ? na?oea o
aeaiiio eiioaeno? ia?aaeaa/athoue iiaeeea?noue iae??ciiiai?oi?oeo
?ioa?i?aoaoe?e: a?ae eiie?aoii-?noi?e/ieo aei
oi?aa?naeueii-o?einionueeeo, – e?ioe?aea oai?o (“Ii an?-oaee …
an?-oaee aia?aaee – iaie!..”) iaeaea aacnoii?aii ni?eeia?oueny ye
aiioe?eia noaa?aeaeaiiy iaieio/ino? ia?aiiae na?oea.

Iai?aiiai cia/aiiy a ooaeiaei?e no?oeoo?? i?i?aoth?e A.Ei?ieaiea
iaaoaathoue ?icai?ioo? e??eei-neiaie?/i? iiene i?e?iaee. Aiie ia o?eueee
a?ae?a?athoue aaaeeeao ?ieue a ?icaeoeo oeaio?aeueii? e??eei-neiaie?/ii?
oaie iiia?aeaiiy, aea e aeiiiiaaathoue /eoa/aa? ni?eeiaoe oe?iea eiei
anioe?aoeaieo c/aieaiue – a?ae iniaenoeo ?icaeoi?a aei o?einionueeeo
oyaeaiue i?i uanoy ethaeae, i?i iaeaooi?, i?i anana?o. E??ecaoe??
iiia?ae? o “Aiaieeao” oaeiae ni?eythoue /eneaii?
noa’?eoeaii-ioe?ithaaeuei? ai?oaoe (“oa?thiay ?aea”, “aaneiia/iay
aeaeue”), ii??aiyiiy (“o?iiay, eae /a?ieea, ?aea”), iaoaoi?e (“aeeaie
iaii?e”) ? ?eoi?/ia i?aai?caoe?y iiae, yea iinoa? caeaa?eueoiai
aiane?aeie a?aiaoeei-neioaene/iiai ia?aeae?cio (“Naienoai yoeo ii/iuo
iaiae – i?eaeeaeaoueny, iiaaaeaeay oueio, e naa?eaoue, e iaauaoue, e
iaieoue naiath aeecinoueth…”) ? i?aeo?eio?oueny eaene/iei iiaoi?ii,
yeee cono??/a?oueny iaeaea a eiaeiiio aacaoe?.

A /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? aeena?oaoe?? – “E??e/iee i?aeoaeno a iiia?aeaiiyo
A.*aoiaa” – c’yniao?oueny niaoeeo?ea /ao?anueeiai e??ecio. A no/aniiio
e?oa?aoo?iciaanoa? A.*aoiaa aaaaeathoue ienueiaiieeii ia’?eoeaiiai
noeeth. A?eueo?noue aeine?aeiee?a noaa?aeaeothoue, ui i?eioeei
ia’?eoeaiino? a eiai oai?ao ciaoiaeeoue a?aeaeooy ia?o ca ana o
iaaecae/aei?e no?eiaiino? aaoi?nueei? iiae. A.*aoia ia o?eueee ?aoaeueii
oieea? i?yieo aaoi?nueeeo ioe?iie, aea e, ia a?aei?io a?ae A.Aa?oeia oa
A.Ei?ieaiea, i?aaia aei a?aie/ii? aacaiioe?eiino?, aaciaoiniino? iiae
iiia?aea/a. A oie aea /an iiooe iiaeo i?eeii?a ineoieia?/iiai aiae?co
i?eaiaeeoue aei c?inoaiiy ?ie? i?aeoaenoo a ooaeiaei?e no?oeoo?? eiai
oai??a, a a?aeiiaa a?ae i?yieo oi?i ioe?iee cia?aaeoaaiiai aei a?eueo
neeaaeieo oi?i ae?aaeaiiy aaoi?nueei? iiceoe??. Iaeiae, i?e iia?/iiio
ae?aaeaii? aaoi?nueeiai noaaeaiiy aei cia?aaeoaaiiai, A.*aoia aeinyaa?
ia iaioiai e??e/iiai aoaeoo, i?ae oea iiaei a aeaoe i?yia eiai
ae?aaeaiiy. Oiio, eiee eaeaoueny i?i ni?acaeaaei?noue /ao?anueei?
ia’?eoeaiino? oa e??ecio, iaea?eueo ni?aaaaeeeaith, ia iao iiaeyae, ?
iiceoe?y I.I.A??oiaia, yeee i?iiiio? aiai?eoe “i?i i?eioeei?aeueio
aeaiieaiia?noue /ao?anueei? iiia?ae?, i?i aca?iica’ycie o i?e ai?/iiai
oa e??e/iiai ia/aea i?e aeii?ioth/?e ?ie? ieaio ai?/iiai”. Ae?oiai I.I.
Eeoa?aoo?iia i?iecaaaeaiea: oai?ey e i?aeoeea aiaeeca. – I., 1991. – N.
147.

C iaeyaeo ia oea, iniaeeao caoe?eaaeai?noue aeeeeea? iiia?aeaiiy
A.*aoiaa “*i?iee /a?iaoeue”, yea ia? aeaaii onoaeaio ?aiooaoe?th
iacae/aeiiai, “caaaaeeiaiai” oai?o. Eiioo? nthaeaoo iiia?aeaiiy noai?th?
?noi??y oai?iae Eia??ia. Iiia?aeue ii/eia?oueny o no?eiaieo, niie?eieo
oiiao, iaeiae ia aeeaey/enue ia oea /eoa/ c ia?oeo aea noi??iie
iiia?aeaiiy a?ae/oaa? naith caaeeaeai?noue o e??e/io noeo?th. Aea
iiaieea?noue a?aaeaiiy aacnoii?aia: aeaea?aea e??ecio – noai ia aaoi?a,
a aa?iy, iaeaooiaaiiai noa’?eoeaii. Iaeiae i?iieeiaiiy noa’?eoeaiino?
ni?eeiaiiy aa?iy a aaoi?nueeee iaeo?aeueiee oaeno noa? iaeiei c
iaeaaaeeea?oeo cania?a e??ecaoe?? /ao?anueei? iiia?ae?. Aaoi?nueea
ioe?iea o “*i?iiio /aioe?” i?iynith?oueny aac iini?oo, caeiiethth/enue o
na?oini?eeiaii? ia?niiaaeo: iiaa aa?iy oa aaoi?a-iiia?aea/a
caeeaeothoueny ? ?iiae? ceeaathoueny a iaiiae?eueio noeeueiao ?aei?noue.
A?aie/ii aena?oeaia ?iciiae?eueia iaaea i?ae na?aeii?noth aaoi?a ? aa?iy
i?iaaaeaia eeoa iaeei ?ac: o noeai? ina?ae/aiiy o eioaii? Eia??ia ?
Oai?. Aecaeueoiaaiee, i?aeianaiee iano??e Eia??ia, eiai neiaa: “Eae iia
oi?ioa!” – ioieiaeaeai? oaa?acei iiaeyaeii aaoi?a: “Iia auea ioaeiieaia,
niaioeanue, nu?aeeeanue e oi/ii ninoa?eeanue n?aco ia aeanyoue eao…”.
Caeaa?eueoiai ae /eoa/ ?ici?cia? ??ai? eia?einueei? oa aaoi?nueei?
na?aeiiino? eeoa c on??? no?oeoo?e iiia?aeaiiy.

Iaeiei c iaea?eueo yne?aaeo cania?a ae?aaeaiiy e??e/iiai ia/aea o
A.*aoiaa ? aeni?aneai?noue neiaie?ee. Eiioeaio?aoe?y e??eei-neiaie?/ieo
oai ? iioea?a o “*i?iiio /aioe?” iaaecae/aeii aeniea, aei oiai ae
aeine?aeieee ni?aaaaeeeai aeacothoue ia iiaea?ei?noue iniiaieo iiiyoue ?
neiaie?a iiia?aeaiiy: e??cue anth iiia?aeue i?ioiaeyoue
e??eei-neiaie?/i? oaie ia?eo, naaeo (aeaei?aoeaiiai oa eiia?oe?eiiai) oa
*i?iiai /aioey. Iiaea?eia e??eei-neiaie?/ia ia?niaeoeaa ia?aco naaeo
aeiaeueiao?oueny aaea a ia?oiio ?icae?e? iiia?aeaiiy: yeui aeaei?aoeaio
/anoeio naaeo iiaeaii ye ao?eaiiy e?ane, ?aeaaeueiiai ia/aea ? aianaii
aei o?iiioiio ia?eo, oi eiia?oe?eiee naae iia’ycaiee c iaoa??aeueieie
caoe?eaaeaiiyie aa?i?a, c ia’?eoeaiith ?aaeuei?noth ? aoiaeeoue aei
o?iiioiio aoaeeieo. O?iiioiie ia?eo oa aoaeeieo eiio?anoi? i?ae niaith.
Neeaaeia? /aoianueeiai neiaieo na?oiaoaeiae Aoaeeiie – Ia?e o ni?eeiaii?
/eoa/?a anioe?ththoueny a?aeiia?aeii c oii?iiaaiei, iianyeaeaiiei
aeeooyi ethaeae oa noeo?eiei aeeooyi i?e?iaee. Ia’?aeio? ?o
e??eei-neiaie?/iee iioea oeeee?/iiai ?ooo, ia?ac yeiai noa? o oai??
iaoaoi?ith ethaenueei? aeie?. Inieneaiith oe??? iaoaoi?e a cia/i?e i???
ni?ey? ?eoi?/ia i?aai?caoe?y iiia?ae?, caniiaaia ia iiaoi?aii? e??e/ieo
iioea?a, neiaie?/ieo ia?ac?a, cia?aaeoaaeueieo aeaoaeae oa ?i. ?eoi
iiaoi?aiiy iniaeeai aaaiiee o inoaiiueiio ?icae?e? iiia?aeaiiy, aea
A.*aoia aaiaeeoue aei iiia?ae? on? iioeae oa neiaiee iiia?aaei?o
?icae?e?a. Iiaoi?aiiy neooaoe?e, ia?ac?a-neiaie?a, aeaoaeae ii?o?aoo oa
iaecaaeo ? o.i., c iaeiiai aieo aeicaiey? A.*aoiao oieeiooe iieniaino?,
?iaeoue iiia?aeue eaeii?/iith oa inyaeiith, a c ?ioiai aieo, aeeiio?
?ieue i?aeoaenoieo “ciae?a”, caaaeyee yeei aaoi? ? aac i?yieo
ioe?iie-eiiaioa??a aea? /eoa/aa? a?ae/ooe nai? noaaeaiiy aei
cia?aaeoaaiiai.

Iaeaaaeeea?oei aeaea?aeii e??e/iiai ieaio oai?o ? oaia *i?iiai /aioey,
yea a ooaeiaei?e no?oeoo?? /ao?anueeiai iiia?aeaiiy ia?aaea? ?oo a?ae
ia’?eoeaiiai aei noa’?eoeaiiai, a?ae ?aaeueiiai aei ?aeaaeueiiai: Eia??i
iinooiiai ao?a/a? caeaoi?noue i???iooaaoeny a iaaeieeoi?e ae?eniino? ?
iieiy?oueny o aeanii?o/ ooai?aiiio nie?ine/iiio na?o?. Ae?aeiae Eia??ia
c *i?iei /aioeai ni?eeiathoueny ia?o ca ana ye na?ae/aiiy oiai, ui a?i
noa? ?aaii nai?? noa’?eoeaiino?. Ci?noiaiee aniaeo oeueiai “aea?e/anoiai
iiiieiao” aei oeueiai /ano ioe?ith?oueny ae?ae noia?a/eeai. Aeaye?
aeine?aeieee aaaaeathoue, ui ?iciiae Eia??ia c *i?iei /aioeai oe?eeii
ia’?eoeai?, aaoi? ia ia? c ieie i?/iai ni?eueiiai, aeenoaioe?th?oueny
a?ae ieo. ?io? noaa?aeaeothoue, ui aeneiae *i?iiai /aioey iathoue i?yiee
ca’ycie c /ao?anueeei neiaii oa ioe?ieith, ine?eueee a ae?aeiaao Eia??ia
c *i?iei /aioeai ii?ooo?oueny oe?eee eiiieaen iioea?a, ye? ??ciith
i??ith aeecuee? aaoi?ia?: i?iaeaie aacnia?oy, ia?aiino?, uanoy oa ?i.
Iaeiae noaaeaiiy A.*aoiaa aei ci?noo ae?aeia?a Eia??ia oa *i?iiai /aioey
ia aeeaco?oueny o oi?i? i?yieo ioe?iie oa eiiaioa??a ? iiaea aooe
c’yniaaiei o?eueee a ooaeiaei?e no?oeoo?? iiia?aeaiiy a oe?eiio, o
c/aieaii? ae?aeia?a Eia??ia oa *i?iiai /aioey c ?ioeie eiiiiceoe?eieie
aeaiaioaie iiia?ae?.

O ca’yceo c oeei iniaeeao oaaao aeine?aeieee iaaeathoue o?iaeuei?e
noeai? iiia?aeaiiy, aaaaeath/e, ui naia ooo, o ieei? na?aeiiino?
Eia??ia, yeee iiie?a?, cao/eoue aiein naiiai iiia?aea/a, aea?oueny
aaoi?nueea ?icoi?iiy ?aeaaeo, ui i?noeoueny o ii?iaeueiiio, caei?iaiio
aeeoo?. Aea aiae?c e??e/iiai ieaio “*i?iiai /aioey” cana?ae/o?, ui
A.*aoiaa ia?o ca ana oe?eaaeyoue iaae? noa’?eoeaiino? o na?oini?eeiaii?
aa?iy oa iaaaciaea, ui iia’ycaia c eiai aoa/ath a?ae ia’?eoeaii?
?aaeueiino?, oiio iai aeaea?oueny, ui a e??e/iiio ia??iae?, yeee
caaa?oo? iiia?aeue, aaoi? i?aeaiaeeoue /eoa/?a aei aeoiee, ui Eia??i
ciaaaaeea ?aaeueiei eiioaeoii i?ae ethaeueie ? a?aeaeaa ia?aaaao i???,
niiaaaeai, ? aaa/a? a oaeiio noai? aa?iy o?aaaae?th. Ae?aciee e??eci ?
a?aee?eo?noue o?iaeo, aeo?ae iica iaae? oaenoo ua a?eueoa i?aeneeththoue
cia/aiiy e??e/ieo o?aaiaio?a a ooaeiaei?e no?oeoo?? iiia?aeaiiy
(iaecaae, ii?o?ao, e??eei-neiaie?/i? iiene oa ?i.), ine?eueee na?aeiia
iaaeiiiaeai?noue aaoi?a (“eo/oa iaaeineacaoue, /ai ia?aneacaoue”)
i?ecaiaeeoue aei iiyae nthaeaoieo neooaoe?e, ye? iaiiaeeeai aeoeoia/eoe
iaeiia?/ii.

Iaaeiiiaeai?noue, “ooiaii?noue” oaenoo iaea?eueo nooo?ao ?ieue a?ae?a?a?
a ooai?aii? e??e/iiai ieaio /ao?anueeeo oai??a, “iaienaieo o oi?i?
i?eo/?” (“Aac caaieiaea”, “Oaaoeue oa ia/enoa neea”, “Ia??” oa ?i.).
E??eei-?iiaioe/iee eiei?eo oeeo oai??a A.*aoiaa aeyaey?oueny ia o?eueee
o ?o aeai?ia?e nai???aeiino?, a e o niaoeeo?oe? ooaeiaeiueiai eiioe?eoo,
o iaecaaei?e neiaie?oe? oa ?i. Eiioo? nthaeaoo iiia?aeaiiy “Aac
caaieiaea” ooai?th? e??e/iee iioea ai?ioueae aeia?a ? cea. A ooaeiaei?e
no?oeoo?? iiia?aeaiiy i?enooi?e eiiiiceoe?eiee oa nieneiaee ia?aeae?ci:
o oaeno? oai?o iiaeia aeae?eeoe aeaa eiino?oeoeaieo oeaio?e – iiianoe?,
i?eoenoie a??e oa i?aaaee, ? i?noi, aea cina?aaeaeai? naaaiey oa
?icionoa. ?acii c oei aioeoaca aeia?a ? cea, ui i?aai?co? anth iiia?aeio
no?oeoo?o iiia?aeaiiy cna?aaeeie, iinoa? o aeaeyae? eiio?anoiiai
i?ioenoaaeaiiy aiioe?eii-ia?acieo noa? aia – aeeyaie, /aioe? – a??oieee,
iiianoe? – aoaeeiie ?icionoe, ?aoiai – ?icionieoey.

E??e/ia oaia aeia?a neiioeaio?iaaia o aeaio ia?oeo /anoeiao iiia?aeaiiy,
aea iieno?oueny aeeooy iiianoe?y. Aea i?e oeueiio aaea ia naiiio ii/aoeo
iiia?ae? ?aoaeueiei aeiai?ii aeaoaeae e??e/ii caaa?aeaiiai iaecaaeo, ye?
ia ia?oee iiaeyae caeathoueny aeiaaeeiaeie, A.*aoia noai?th? o /eoa/?a
oyaeaiiy i?i iaeiiiai?oi?noue aeeooy /aioe?a. ssne?aa?
aiioe?eii-aeni?aneai? ai?oaoe (“cacaaaaoayny caacaea”, “aeaaeiue iiiao”)
oa iaoaoi?e (“eiaaea n ?inith oeaeiaaeenue ia?aua eo/e”) iaaeathoue
iaecaaei?e caiaeueiaoe?, ui a?aee?eaa? iiia?aeue, e??eei-?iiaioe/iee
eiei?eo, yeee iio?i ?ice?eaa?oueny o aeiyoeiaino? oa?aeoa?o aieiaiiai
aa?iy iiia?aeaiiy – noa?iai ?aoiaia, aeanieea “iaaecae/aeiiai aea?o”
aiioe?eiiai aieeao ia ethaeae.

O ae?oa?e /anoei? iiia?aeaiiy e??eci cina?aaeaeaiee o iiiieic?
ai?iaeyieia, “cae/aeiiai a??oieea, yeee ethaeoue aeeooy”. Eiai iiaa
iane/aia aiioe?eii-ae?aciith eaeneeith ? a?aecia/a?oueny i?aee?aneaiith
?eoi?/i?noth. ?aie?ea-a?aeiia?aeue ?aoiaia aeneiaeth? ?aeath
i?iiia?aeieoeoaa aaniethoieo ?noei, yea ia?aaeienaeueiei /eiii
ia?a?o?oueny o o?ao?e ? /aoaa?o?e /anoeiao iiia?aeaiiy, aea i?ae /an
iieno aeeooy i?noa ia? i?noea e??e/ia oaia cea. Aaaeeeaei ? oa, ui
?iciia?aeue ?aoiaia i?i aeoaeia aeeooy ai?iaeyi iiaea?oueny ia o oi?i?
i?yii? iiae, a aoaeo?oueny ye aaoi?nueea iiia?aeue o “oii?” oa “aeon?”
aa?iy. Oaea iiia?aeue aoeaaeueii aei?ii?ith? e??eci, yeee aeyaey?oueny o
oa?aeoa?? iaoaoi?, ii??aiyiue, aeni?aneaiiio neioaenen? oa iniaeea?e
?eoi?/i?e i?aai?caoe?? iiae, ui aeieea? aiane?aeie ?yaeo iaeii??aeieo
/eai?a ?a/aiiy oa iiae?aieo neioaene/ieo eiino?oeoe?e. Aaoi?nueea
noaaeaiiy aei i?eaaaeeai?, aea ia?aii? ?aea? i?iiia?aeieoeoaa, ia
c’yaeyth/enue o oi?i? i?yieo ioe?iie oa eiiaioa??a, aeneiaeth?oueny o
ae?aci?e aiaeaeioe/iino? o?iaeo /ao?anueeiai iiia?aeaiiy.

O aeniiaeao i?aeaeaathoueny i?aenoiee aeine?aeaeaiiy. ??oo/a ia?aaoaeiaa
?aae?noe/ii? iiaoeee o a?e iineeaiiy e??e/ii? ?ioaineaiino? iiia?ae? a
e?ioe? ieioeiai noie?ooy a?aeaoeanue ia?o ca ana o iaeeo ai?/ieo
aeai?ao: iaea?eueo oni?oi? ni?iae ciaeoe iaiao?aeio ioe?ii/io
aeenoaioe?th aaoi?a-iiia?aea/a ii a?aeiioaiith aei cia?aaeoaaiiai aoee
cae?eniai? o aeai?ao iiia?aeaiiy oa iia?no?. Oe? aeai?e, iinooiath/enue
?iiaiia? o oe?io? oa ia’?eoeaiino? ooaeiaei?o niinoa?aaeaiue oa
ocaaaeueiaiue, i?ae oei, iaaeaaaee ienueiaiieeai iiaeeea?noue yne?aa?oa
aeneiaeoe nai? noa’?eoeaia noaaeaiiy aei cia?aaeoaaiiai, aiane?aeie
eiioeaio?aoe?? iaoa??aeo i?aeaeuoaaee ae?aci?noue oi?ie, i?aeneethaaee
?? aiioe?eiee ca?yae. O ia?aaoaeia? ooaeiaeiuei? nenoaie ?in?enueei?
i?ice e?ioey O?O noie?ooy aaee/acia ?ieue iaeaaeaea A.Aa?oeio,
A.Ei?ieaieo oa A.*aoiao. Ieie aoei ciaeaeaii iiaa ni?aa?aeiioaiiy
noa’?eoeaiiai oa ia’?eoeaiiai ia/ae ? a?aeiia?aeii a?eueo ?ioaineaia oa
aeiiiiia aeei?enoaiiy aeni?aneaieo noee?noe/ieo cania?a, ye?
aecia/athoue ae?aci?noue oa inyaei?noue iiia?ae?.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? a?aeia?aaeaii o oaeeo ioae?eaoe?yo:

1. I niiniaao ee?ecaoeee iiaanoaiaaiey a ?anneacao A.Aa?oeia // Iaoeia?
caienee Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo. Na?.
“E?oa?aoo?iciaanoai”. – Oa?ueeia, 1998. – Aui.1. (12). – N.34-39.

2. I niiniaao au?aaeaiey ee?e/aneiai ia/aea a ?anneaca A.Ei?ieaiei
“Iaiiueee” // Iaoeia? caienee Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo. Na?. “E?oa?aoo?iciaanoai”. – Oa?ueeia, 1998. – Aui. 4.
(15). – N.49-53.

3. ?anneac A.*aoiaa “*??iue iiiao”: e i?iaeaia ee?ecaoeee iiaanoaiaaiey
// Iaoeia? caienee Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo. Na?. “E?oa?aoo?iciaanoai”. – Oa?ueeia, 1998. – Aui. 7.
(18). – N.32-37.

4. ?anneac A.Aa?oeia “Attalea princeps”: e i?iaeaia ee?ecaoeee
iiaanoaiaaiey // Iaoeia? caienee Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo. Na?. “E?oa?aoo?iciaanoai”. – Oa?ueeia,
1999. – Aui. 1. – N.

5. Aiaeec iiaanoe A.Ei?ieaiei “Neaiie iocueaio” // Aiaeec
ooaeiaeanoaaiiiai oaenoa ia o?ieao eeoa?aoo?u: Iaoiaee/aneea iaoa?eaeu a
iiiiuue o/eoaeth-neiaanieeo. – Ee?iaia?aae, 1995.– N.19-21.

6. ?iiaioe/aneea oaiaeaioeee a oai?/anoaa A.Aa?oeia, A.Ei?ieaiei e
I.Oaeeueaea. – Eeaa. 1995. – 16 n. – ?on. – Aeai. a AIOA Oe?aeiu
3.01.95, ?2 – OE 95.

7. Aa?oei e Iiiannai: e aii?ino i iaaeeeoa?aoo?iuo naycyo // O?aioe?y oa
Oe?a?ia, iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iee aeina?ae o eiioaeno? ae?aeiao iaoe?iiaeueieo
eoeueoo?: Oace aeiiia?aeae i?aeia?iaeii? eiioa?aioe??. –
Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1995. – N. 134.

8. Aa?oei e Oaeeueae: e aii?ino i oeiieiaee aa?iy // No/ani? i?iaeaie
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai i?ioeano aeui? oa na?aaeiuei? oeiee: iaoa??aee
aeiiia?aeae iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? aeieoi?aio?a oa ani??aio?a
?inoeoooo. – E??iaia?aae, 1995. – N. 69-70.

Aiioaoe?y

Ooceiaa ?.A. E??e/ia ia/aei a ?in?enuee?e i?ic? e?ioey O?O noie?ooy (ia
iaoa??ae? iaeeo ai?/ieo aeai??a). – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 10.01.02 – ?in?enueea e?oa?aoo?a. –
Aei?i?iiao?ianueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao, Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia i?iaeai? e??ecaoe?? iiia?ae? a ?in?enuee?e i?ic?
e?ioey X?X noie?ooy. O i?e aeine?aeaeo?oueny ?ieue e??e/iiai ia/aea o
aca?iiae?? ?aae?noe/iiai oa ?iiaioe/iiai ooaeiaeiueiai ae?aaeaiiy. Aaoi?
?iaioe iieaco?, ui ia?aaoaeiaa ?aae?noe/ii? iiaoeee o a?e iineeaiiy
e??e/ii? ?ioaineaiino? iiia?ae? o e?ioe? O?O noie?ooy a?aeaoeany ia?o ca
ana a iaeeo ai?/ieo aeai?ao. O aeena?oaoe?? ?icaeyaeathoueny oi?ie
ae?aaeaiiy aaoi?nueei? iiceoe?? o oai?ao A.Aa?oeia, A.Ei?ieaiea oa
A.*aoiaa; a?aecia/a?oueny, ui ieie aoei ciaeaeaii iiaa ni?aa?aeiioaiiy
noa’?eoeaiiai oa ia’?eoeaiiai ia/ae ? a?aeiia?aeii a?eueo ?ioaineaia oa
aeiiiiia aeei?enoaiiy aeni?aneaieo noee?noe/ieo cania?a; aecia/a?oueny
niaoeeo?ea ?o e??ecio.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: e??eci, e??e/ia ia/aei, aaoi?nueea iiceoe?y, iae? ai?/i?
aeai?e, ?aae?ci, ?iiaioeea, aeni?aneai? noee?noe/i? caniae.

Summary

Tuzkova I.V. The lyric origin in the Russian prose of the end of the
19th century (on the material of the small epic genres) Manuscript.

The thesis is presented for a degree of candidate in philology;
speciality 10.01.02-Russian literature. Dniepropetrovsk State
University, Dniepropetrovsk, 1999.

The thesis is devoted to the problem of making lyrical narration in the
Russian prose of the end of 19th century. The role of the lyric origin
in the intercommunication of realistic and romantic artistic expression
is investigated in it. The author shows that reorientation of realistic
poetics towards reinforcement of lyric intensity of narration in the end
of the 19th century occurred first of all in small epic genres. In the
thesis the forms of expression of the author’s position in V.Garshin’s,
V.Korolenko’s and A.Chekhov’s works are examined; it is noted that they
have found new correlation of subjective and objective origins and
accordingly more intensive and economical use of expressive stylistic
means; specific character of their lyricism is determined.

Key words: lyricism, making lyrical narration, the author’s position,
small epic genres, realism, romance, expressive stylistic means.

AIIIOAOeEss

Ooceiaa E.A. Ee?e/aneia ia/aei a ?onneie i?ica eiioea XIX aaea (ia
iaoa?eaea iaeuo yie/aneeo aeai?ia). – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/?iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oeeieiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 10.01.02 – ?onneay eeoa?aoo?a. –
Aeiai?iiao?ianeee ainoaea?noaaiiue oieaa?neoao, Aeiai?iiao?iane, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia i?iaeaia ee?ecaoeee iiaanoaiaaiey a ?onneie
i?ica eiioea XIX aaea. A iae enneaaeoaony ?ieue ee?e/aneiai ia/aea ai
acaeiiaeaenoaee ?aaeenoe/aneiai e ?iiaioe/aneiai ooaeiaeanoaaiiiai
au?aaeaiey. Aaoi? ?aaiou iieacuaaao, /oi ia?ano?ieea ?aaeenoe/aneie
iiyoeee a noi?iio oneeaiey ee?e/aneie eioaineaiinoe iiaanoaiaaiey a
eiioea XIX aaea i?iecioea i?aaeaea anaai a iaeuo yie/aneeo aeai?ao:
iaeaieaa niaoiua iiiuoee iaeoe iaiaoiaeeioth ioeaii/ioth aeenoaioeeth
aaoi?a-iiaanoaiaaoaey ii ioiioaieth e ecia?aaeaaiiio auee i?aaei?eiyou a
aeai?ao ?anneaca e iiaanoe. Yoe aeai?u, onooiay ?iiaio a oe?ioa e
iauaeoeaiinoe ooaeiaeanoaaiiuo iaaethaeaiee e iaiauaiee, iaaeaeo oai,
aeaaaee ienaoaeyi aiciiaeiinoue y?/a au?aceoue nai? noauaeoeaiia
ioiioaiea e ecia?aaeaaiiio, ca n/?o eiioeaio?aoeee iaoa?eaea iiauneoue
au?aceoaeueiinoue oi?iu, oneeeoue a? yiioeeiiaeueiue ca?yae. A
aeenna?oaoeee ?anniao?eaathony oi?iu au?aaeaiey aaoi?neie iiceoeee a
i?iecaaaeaieyo A.Aa?oeia, A.Ei?ieaiei e A.*aoiaa; ioia/aaony, /oi eie
auei iaeaeaii iiaia niioiioaiea noauaeoeaiiai e iauaeoeaiiai ia/ae e
niioaaonoaaiii aieaa eioaineaiia e yeiiiiiia eniieueciaaiea
yeni?anneaiuo noeeenoe/aneeo n?aaenoa, ii?aaeaeythueo au?aceoaeueiinoue
e ?ieinoue iiaanoaiaaiey.

Onoaiiaeaii, /oi a oai?/anoaa A.Aa?oeia, A.Ei?ieaiei e A.*aoiaa aiieia
io/?oeeai i?aaenoaaeaiu ee?eei-?iiaioe/aneea iioeau, eioi?ua iaeaaeatho
aeoaieei oieaa?naeueiui aoiaienoe/aneei niuneii, ca?aaeatho /eoaoaey
yia?aeae ia/ou e iaaeaaeaeu, i?iaoaeaeatho aa?o a cia/eiinoue
eaeaaeueiuo /aeiaa/aneeo no?aieaiee: aeaeaiea ienaoaeae iieacaoue
?aaeueiia eae iaeii ec i?iyaeaiee aa/iuo, eaeaaeueiuo ia/ae
/aeiaa/aneiai auoey iaia?oaeeaaao aeoaeiiia noiaenoai eo ee?ecia. A oi
aea a?aiy ianoiaeanoue ie?iaicc?aiee ienaoaeae iaoneaaeeaaao ?acee/ey a
i?iyaeaiee aeeaeaeoeee eiie?aoii-enoi?e/aneiai e iaua/aeiaa/aneiai: o
A.Aa?oeia iia au?aaeaia a no?aieaiee i?ioeaiiinoaaeoue eaeaaeueiia e
?aaeueiia; o A.Ei?ieaiei – a no?aieaiee i?aaeaeueii eo naeeceoue; o
A.*aoiaa – a noauaeoeaiii i?aae/oanoaee aiciiaeiinoe eo/oae aeecie.

Aaoi? aeenna?oaoeee iieacuaaao, /oi au?aaeaieth ee?e/aneiai ia/aea a
i?ica A.Aa?oeia, e A.Ei?ieaiei neoaeeo yiioeeiiaeueii ie?aoaiiay ?a/ue
aaoi?a-iiaanoaiaaoaey, niaea?aeauay a naaa noauaeoeaioth ioeaieo
ecia?aaeaaiiai. Iniiaiui enoi/ieeii ee?e/aneiai ieaia a eo
i?iecaaaeaieyo yaeythony aaoi?neea iienaiey (iaecaae, ii?o?ao,
eioa?uea?). Yiioeeiiaeueiay aeinoiaa?iinoue a ieo aeinoeaaaony
i?aeiouanoaaiii ca n/?o aeoeaiie iiceoeee eioa?i?aoe?othuaai,
ioeaieaathuaai e niia?aaeeaathuaai aaoi?a-iiaanoaiaaoaey, ioo?i
iiauoaiey yeni?anneaiinoe aai ?a/e. Noauaeoeaiinoue iiaanoaiaaiey
i?iyaeyaony a oa?aeoa?a yieoaoia, iaoaoi?, a eiio?anoiinoe ecia?aaeaiey,
yeni?anneaiie neiaieeea, iniaie ?eoie/aneie i?aaiecaoeee ?a/e e ae?. I?e
yoii a noauaeoeaii ie?aoaiiia iiaanoaiaaiea i?aaie/ii aoiaeeo
ianianoaaiii-i?yiay ?a/ue, iauaaeeiythuay niciaiea aa?iaa e niciaiea
aaoi?a-iiaanoaiaaoaey a aaeeinoaa ioiioaiey e aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe. A
i?ica A.*aoiaa, eae i?aaeei, ionoonoaoao i?yiay aaoi?neay ioeaiea,
aaoi?neia neiai, /?oei ia?aie/aiiia io neiaa aa?iy. Aaoi?neia ioiioaiea
e ecia?aaeaaiiio o A.*aoiaa /aua anaai i?i/eouaaaony a iiaeoaenoa eee
au?aaeaaony iin?aaenoaii nthaeaoii-eiiiiceoeeiiiuo yeaiaioia,
niiinoaaeaiee e eiio?anoia: iiaoi?aiee neooaoeee, ia?acia-neiaieia,
niaoeeaeueii ioae?aaiuo aeaoaeae auiieiyao ?ieue iiaeoaenoiuo “ciaeia”,
aeaaiaea?y eioi?ui aaoi? e aac i?yiuo ioeaiie-eiiiaioa?eaa aea?o
/eoaoaeth ii/oanoaiaaoue nai? ioiioaiea e ecia?aaeaaiiio.

Iniiaiua ?acoeueoaou ?aaiou iaoee i?aeoe/aneia i?eiaiaiea a eaeoeeiiiuo
eo?nao, niaoeeo?nao e ia i?aeoe/aneeo caiyoeyo ii ?onneie eeoa?aoo?a
eiioea XIX – ia/aea OO aaea.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ee?eci, ee?e/aneia ia/aei, aaoi?neay iiceoeey, iaeua
yie/aneea aeai?u, ?aaeeci, ?iiaioeea, yeni?anneaiua noeeenoe/aneea
n?aaenoaa.

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