Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao

?iai? I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa

Niie?inueea Ieany ?aaai?aia

OAeE 372.808.3

E?IAAIAeEAeAEOE*I? INIIAE

IAOe?IIAEUeII — IIAIIAI AEOIAAIIss INIAENOINO? CANIAAIE

OE?A?INUeEIAI OIEUeEEI?O

13.00.02.- oai??y oa iaoiaeeea iaa/aiiy

/oe?a?inueei? iiae /

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien .

?iaioo aeeiiaii a Iaoe?iiaeueiiio iaaeaaia?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?iai?
I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:

aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Io?aaeoeueea Ia?aa?eoa Iao??aia,
?inoeooo oe?a?inueei? iiae, IAI Oe?a?ie, i?ia?aeiee iaoeiaee
ni?a?ia?oiee.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe

— aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Iethu Ia??y sse?aia,
Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? I.I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa,
i?ioani? eaoaae?e oe?a?inueei? iiae

– eaiaeeaeao iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, Neo?ao?anueeee Eaii?ae A?oae?eiae/,
?inoeooo iaaeaaia?ee AII Oe?a?ie, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee,
caa?aeoaa/ eaai?aoi??? iaoiaeeee oe?a?inueei? iiae

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa —

I?eea?iaonueeee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? A. Noaoaieea, eaoaae?a oe?a?inueei?
iiae, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie, i. ?aaii-O?aie?anuee

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 23 ethoiai 1999 ?. i 16-30 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.053.01 a Iaoe?iiaeueiiio
iaaeaaia?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? I.I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa, 252601, i.Ee?a,
aoe. Ie?iaiaa, 9.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? I.I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa, 252601, i.Ee?a,
aoe. Ie?iaiaa, 9.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii “ 15 ” n?/iy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

?oaeieoeueea I.I.

2

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA AeENA?OAOe??

Aeooaeuei?noue oa aeioe?euei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy. O no/anieo oiiaao
?icaeoeo oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaaiino?, a?ae?iaeaeaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii?
eoeueoo?e oa ina?oe iaeiei c aieiaieo caaaeaiue, ui aoiaeyoue o i?ia?aio
?aoi?ioaaiiy ci?noo iaa/aiiy ? aeoiaaiiy, ? iaoe?iiaeueii-iiaia
aeoiaaiiy iniaenoino?.

Iaiao?aei?noue aoi?caoe?? aeoiaaiiy coiiaeaia ieceith ia’?eoeaieo
i?e/ei. Aea?aeaa? iio??ai? iaoe?iiaeueii na?aeii? a?iiaaeyie, ye? i?oeii
a?ae/oaaee a ca’ycie c ??aeiith caieath, c ia?iaeii, ine?eueee iaia? o
na?o? aea?aeaae iicaaoi?/ii?, iaa?oue iiainoai?ai? iaoe?iiaeuei?
eiiaeiia?aoe, iai?eeeaae, aia?eeaioe?, ?aeaioeo?eothoue naaa ye ?aeeiee
ia?iae. Aiae?c iaaeaaia?/ii? ?ao?iniaeoeae aea? iiaeeea?noue
ia?aeiiaoeny, ui ai?iaaaeaeaiiy oe?a?iiciaa/eo oe?iiinoae o
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiee i?ioean ? o a?aeiia?aei? ina?oi? noaiaea?oe
aecia/a?oueny ia o?eueee iie?oe/ii- i?aaiaei, a e na?oiaeyaeiei ??aiai
ia?iaeo. Ioaea, i?iaeaia iaoe?iiaeueii-iiaiiai aeoiaaiiy iniaenoino?
neioaco? ?aea? ? o?einionueei?, ? iaaeaaia?/ii? aeoiee. ?o ?aae?caoe?y
oiiaeeeaeth?oueny ye ae?yie aea?aeaaieo ?inoeoooe?e, oae ? i?aaiaiiyi
ia?iaeo i?eeo/aoeny aei eoeueoo?ii? iaoe?iiaeueii? niaaeueie.

Oe?a?iiciaa/? oe?iiino? /a?ac ina?oith noa?o a?ae?a?athoue ?ieue
ia’?aeioth/iai, eiinie?aeoth/iai noni?eueiiai oaeoi?a, ine?eueee aiie
?ioaa?othoue coneeey an?o a?iiaaeyi Oe?a?ie a ?? iie?oe/iiio,
aeiiii?/iiio ? aeooiaiiio i?ia?an?. Oi?ioaaiiy oe?a?inueei?
iaoe?iiaeueii? nenoaie ina?oe, ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a i?aeoeeo ?aeae
aoiie?iaaiaeeaeaeoeee iinoaaeee i?iaeaio ii?aoethaaiiy eiiieaeno
aeeaeaeoe/ieo iaoiae?a ? i?eeii?a, ni?yiiaaieo ia aoiai?caoe?th
iaa/aeueiiai i?ioeano c iii?ith ia aoiieia?/i? i?eioeeie.
Ooieoe?iioaaiiy oe?a?inueei? iiae, aieiae?iiy iath ye iaeaaaeeea?oei
caniaii iaoe?iiaeueiiai oa iiaiiai aeoiaaiiy ia eeoa caaacia/o?
eiioi?oia aoooy ?iaeea?aea a noni?euenoa?, a e aea? ciiao ae?iaeoe
nenoaio caaaeueiiia?iaeieo, iaoe?iiaeueii coiiaeaieo oe?iiinoae,
noi?ioaaoe iaoe?iiaeueiee oa?aeoa?, iiaio iniaeno?noue.

Iiaa iinoa? iiaooi?i /eiieeii a?aeia?aaeaiiy ae?eniino? a ??
iaoe?iiaeueiiio aeyaeaii?. Ia a?oio? iaoe?iiaeueii? iiae noai?th?oueny
nenoaia iiiyoue, ui aecia/a? e?iaa?noe/io ea?oeio na?oo. A iaieiae?ii?
iaoe?iiaeueii-iiaieie eaoaai??yie, ui a?aeoai?ththoue niin?a aeeooy,
na?oiaa/aiiy oe?a?ioe?a, ?icaeaa?oueny iaoe?iiaeueia naiina?aeii?noue.
Naia oiio oaaaa aeeeaaea/a aei iiaieo eiiiiiaio?a c iaoe?iiaeueiith
i???ioaoe??th ni?ey? aeooiaiiio, eoeueoo?iiio caaaa/aiith ethaeeie,
caaacia/o? aenieee ??aaiue i?aeaoi?/ieo a?aeiinei.

O ?aae?caoe?? iaoe iaoe?iiaeueii-iiaiiai aeoiaaiiy iniiaia ?ieue
a?aeaiaeeoueny iniaenoino? a/eoaey. Aeey no/anii? aeui? iaaeaaia?/ii?
ina?oe ? aeooaeueiei iiooe iiaeo, ia?niaeoeaieo oeyo?a oi?ioaaiiy
eoeueoo?e ? i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy ciaiue iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey. Iaoa
aeine?aeaeaiiy ni?yiiaaia naia ia oaeee iiooe. Iaeiei ?c ia?niaeoeaieo
iaoiae?a noaiiaeaiiy i?ioan?eieo yeinoae iieiaeiai iaaeaaiaa ?
iaieiae?iiy ciaiiyie c aoiie?iaaiaeeaeaeoeee. Oe?ieiio eieo ieoaiue
i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee no/anieo o/eoae?a iaoe?iiaeueii? oeiee Oe?a?ie
i?enay/aii i?aoe? A. Aeaenthea, I. A?ey?aa, I. Aiiaea?aiei, A. Aiiaea?y,
E. Aa?caoeueei?, I. Aaooeaiea, ?. Aoaecee, I. Ee?e/oea, I. E?/oe,
E. Iaoeueei, I. Ii?ica, E. Iaeaia?, I. Iaoe?anueei?, I. Naa/aiei,
E. Neo?ao?anueeiai, I. Oi?ioeianueei? oa ?i. Cia/aiiy
aoiie?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/ii? i?aeaioiaee iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey, ni?yiiaaii? ia
iaoe?iiaeueii – iiaia aeoiaaiiy iniaenoino? oeiey?a, ?ice?eoa a i?aoeyo
I. Noaeueiaoiae/a, I. Eiiiiaiea, ?. Ie?eieea, E. Ieenei, I. Iioaiaiei,
A. Iaeueie/aeea.

Aiaeii/an niaoe?aeueia aea/aiiy e?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/ieo iniia
iaoe?iiaeueii-iiaiiai aeoiaaiiy ae?oae ia o?aaeeoe?yo oe?a?inueei?
aoiiiaaeaaia?ee, ye ? i?iaeaie e?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/ii? i?aeaioiaee aei oe???
?iaioe a/eoae?a, ona ua iio?aao? aeiaeaoeiaiai iaoeiaiai
aeiii?aoethaaiiy.

Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy e?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/ieo aniaeo?a
iaoe?iiaeueii-iiaiiai aeoiaaiiy iniaenoino? coiiaeaia iaiao?aei?noth
iaa?oiooaaiiy aca?iica’yceo aoiieoeueoo?iiai, a oiio /ene? e
??aeiiiiaiiai, eiiiiiaioa o ci?no? ina?oe c caaaeueiiina?oi?i oa oaoiaei
o i?ioan?iiae?caoe?? iaaeaaia?/ieo eaae??a.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Oaia
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iia’ycaia c caaaeaiiyie, aecia/aieie
iaa/aeueiith i?ia?aiith “Iaoiaeeea aeeeaaeaiiy oe?a?inueei? iiae a
ii/aoeiaeo eeanao”, c iaoeiaeie iai?yiaie IIO ?iai? I.I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa
“Oai??y e oaoiieia?y iaa/aiiy oa aeoiaaiiy a nenoai? ia?iaeii? ina?oe”,
“Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeai aoiai?oa?ieo iaoe” ? c aeiiaaie Aea?aeaaii?
iaoe?iiaeueii? i?ia?aie “Ina?oa” (Oe?a?ia OO? noie?ooy”).

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ci?no e?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/ii? ina?oe o aeueo
iaaeaaia?/ieo caeeaaeao. I?aaeiaoii aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ?
oai?aoeei–iaoiaeieia?/iee aiae?c i?noey oe?a?inueei?
aoiie?iaaiaeeaeaeoeee oa ie?aieo ieoaiue c ?noi??? a?o/eciyii?
e?iaaiaeeaeaeoeee o ci?no? iaaeaaia?/ii? ina?oe.

Aeoiaey/e c? noi?ioeueiaaieo aeua ia’?eoa, i?aaeiaoa ? iaoe
aeine?aeaeaiiy ie aenoaa?ii ianooiio a?iioaco, yea iieyaa? a i?eiouaii?,
ui ai?iaaaeaeaiiy oe?iiinoae oe?a?inueei? e?iaaiaeeaeaeoeee ?
iaiao?aeiith oiiaith ?aoi?ioaaiiy ci?noo ina?oe, ni?eyoeia
?ioaeaeooaeueiiio oa a?iiaaenueeiio noaiiaeaiith iniaenoino? ?
ia?aaeaa/a?:

3/4 oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy iaiao?aeiino? ?aae?caoe??
?aeae oe?a?iiciaanoaa a eiioaeno? aca?iica’yce?a iaeeie/iiai, aoi?/iiai,
caaaeueiiiaoe?iiaeueiiai, caaaeueiiethaenueeiai;

3/4 iaa?oiooaaiiy aeioe?eueiino? aoiie?iaa?noe/ieo oe?iiinoae c iaoith
?aae?caoe?? eoeueoo?ieia?/ieo, ?noi?e/ieo i?aeoiae?a o nenoai? iaa/aiiy,
?ioaeaeooae?caoe?? ? aoiai?caoe?? iniaenoino?;

3/4 iiiaeaiiy ci?noo iaaeaaia?/ii?, cie?aia e?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/ii? ina?oe a
oiiaao ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaaiino?;

3/4 iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ia caaacia/aiiy ?icaeoeo na?oiaeyaeo, aeooiaiino? ?
?en oe?a?inueei? iaioaeueiino? o noa’?eo?a iaoe?iiaeueii-iiaiiai
aeoiaaiiy, aaeaeaaoieo noni?eueiei ? iniaeno?niei iio?aaai, ni?yiiaaieo
ia aa?iii?caoe?th aoi?/iiai ? aea?aeaaiiai eiiiiiaio?a ina?oe;

3/4 i?aai?caoe?eii-iaaeaaia?/ia ? iaoiaee/ia caaacia/aiiy i?ioeano
noai?aiiy iiaeo iaaeaaia?/ieo oaoiieia?e, iaoiaeee, oi?i
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaii? ?iaioe, i?aeaioiaee iaaeaaia?/ieo eaae??a, noai?aiiy
oiia aeey noaiiaeaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii? iiaeae? aeoiaaiiy.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iniiaia iaoa aeena?oaoe?? – ?ic?iaeoe ci?noiaee
eiiiiiaio eiioeaioe?? aeeeaaeaiiy aoiie?iaaiaeeaeaeoeee a nenoai? aeui?
iaaeaaia?/ii? ina?oe c iaoith iaoe?iiaeueii-iiaiiai aeoiaaiiy
iniaenoino?.

Caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy:

1. Ia iniia? aiae?co o?einionueei?, ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ii?,
iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ii? oa iiaiciaa/i? e?oa?aoo?e aecia/eoe noai oe???
i?iaeaie a iaooe? ? i?aeoeoe? aeeeaaeaiiy.

2. Oai?aoe/ii ii?aoethaaoe eiioeaioe?th oe?a?inueei?
aoiie?iaaiaeeaeaeoeee a ci?no? iaaeaaia?/ii? ina?oe.

3. Anoaiiaeoe ca’ycie i?ae e?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/ieie iiaeyaeaie oe?a?inueeeo
o/aieo oa ?oi?ie i?aeoiaeaie aei ae??oaiiy iiaieo ? iiaiciaa/eo ieoaiue.

4. A?aeoai?eoe ia iniia? aiae?co oieueeei?ieo aeaea?ae ia?iaeio nenoaio
iaoe?iiaeueii-iiaiiai aeoiaaiiy oe?a?ioe?a.

5. Iaoeiai iaa?oiooaaoe aeioe?euei?noue aeei?enoaiiy cania?a
oe?a?inueei? aoiiiaaeaaia?ee oa cania?a aieeao iiae aeey iioei?caoe??
iaoe?iiaeueii-iiaiiai aeoiaaiiy iniaenoino?.

6. Aecia/eoe e?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/i? oa iaaeaaia?/i? ooieoe?? ie?aieo
oieueeei?ieo aeai??a aeey aea/aiiy ?o o aeueo iaaeaaia?/ieo ina?oi?o
caeeaaeao.

Aei ?ice?eooy ci?noo aoiie?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/ii? ina?oe oa ?ica’ycaiiy
iinoaaeaieo caaaeaiue ie i?aeoiaeeee c iaeyaeo ia oae? iaoiaeieia?/i?
iieiaeaiiy:

1. I?i aaaeeea?noue iie?ooieoe?iiaeueiiai i?aeoiaeo aei aena?oeaiiy
i?noey ??aeii? iiae o oi?ioaaii? iaoe?iiaeueii-iiaii? naiina?aeiiino?
iniaenoino?;

2. I?i cia/aiiy iiaii? iniaenoino? o iaoe?iiaeuei?e naii?aeaioeo?eaoe??
ia?iaeo (oe?a?ioe?a);

3. I?i aaaeeea?noue ia?iaeii? iaaeaaia?ee aeey oi?ioaaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii
ni?yiiaaii? i?ia?aie aeoiaaiiy oa iaa/aiiy.

Oai?aoe/io iniiao aeine?aeaeaiiy neeaee eeth/ia? aeniiaee c i?iaeai
a?ae?iaeaeaiiy oe?a?inueei? iaoe?iiaeueii? eoeueoo?e, ina?oe,
noaiiaeaiiy noni?eueii? naiina?aeiiino?, nioe?aeueii? ?ie? oa
?aeaieia?/ii? nooiino? aeoiaieo o?aaeeoe?e ia?iaeo a aeeoo? ethaeeie.
Aeine?aeaeaiiy a?oioo?oueny ia canaaeao oai??? iaoeiaiai i?ciaiiy,
ae?aeaeoe/iiai oa?aeoa?o aca?iiae??, aca?iiaieea?a aoi?/iiai oa
caaaeueiiethaenueeiai aeey noni?eueiiai i?ia?ano, aoiai?caoe??
i?aeiaoe?iiaeueieo noinoie?a, a oaeiae ia aaaaoioaeoi?iino? e
?ioaa?aoeaiino? ina?oiuei-aeoiaieo i?ioean?a. Iaoeiaee iiooe,
oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/iee aiae?c iaa?oiooaaiiy i?ioean?a ? yaeu
cae?eniaii ia iniia? i?eioeei?a ?noi?ecio e ia?iaeiino?. O
aeine?aeaeaii? aeei?enoaii e?oa?aoo?o c iaaeaaia?ee, ineoieia??,
o?einio??, nioe?ieia??, iaoiaeeee aeeeaaeaiiy oe?a?inueei? iiae, a
oaeiae aeaea?aea, a yeeo aena?oeaii i?aeoe/iee aeina?ae aeoiaaiiy ia
o?aaeeoe?yo oe?a?inueei? aoiiiaaeaaia?ee o oi?ioaaii?
iaoe?iiaeueii-iiaii? naiina?aeiiino? iniaenoino?. Aeo?aeiith i?e oeueiio
noaea oaca i?i iaiao?aei?noue caaacia/aiiy a?oioiaiiai canai?iiy
?iaeea?aeooiii ?noi?eei-eoeueoo?ieo, o oiio /ene? e iiaieo o?aaeeoe?e oa
iaaeaaiue naiai ia?iaeo.

Aeey ?ica’ycaiiy iinoaaeaiieo caaaeaiue canoiniaoaaany eiiieaen
oai?aoe/ieo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy: oai?aoe/iee aiae?c o?einionueei?,
ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ii?, nioe?ieia?/ii?, ?noi?e/ii?, iie?oieia?/ii?
e?oa?aoo?e; eia?ei-?noi?e/iee aiae?c oaiaeaioe?e ?icaeoeo ina?oe, oai???
? i?aeoeee iaa/aeueii-aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino?; aiae?c iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ii?
e?oa?aoo?e, iaa/aeueieo i?ia?ai; eiioaio-aiae?c ia??iaee/ieo aeaeaiue,
a?o?aieo iaoa??ae?a, ca?oa?aeieo ?ioi?iaoeaieo aeaea?ae.

I?aai?caoe?y oa aaca aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeenue ia
aac? Euea?anueeiai iaaeaaia?/iiai o/eeeua ?1 oa Euea?anueeiai iaeaniiai
iaoeiai-iaoiaee/iiai ?inoeoooo ina?oe,eiai oiiaii iiaeia iiae?eeoe ia
o?e aoaie.

1 aoai (1993-1994) aea/aiiy oai?aoe/ieo aeaea?ae, oai?aoe/ia inieneaiiy
i?iaeaie, aea/aiiy noaio iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?ieia?/iiai ni?yioaaiiy
ci?noo ina?oe, ii/aoie aeine?aeieoeueei? ?iaioe.

2 aoai (1994-1996) aeine?aeaeaiiy ?noi?eei-iaaeaaia?/ieo, o?einionueeeo,
e?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/ieo i?iaeai, cae?enithaaeiny oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/ia
iaa?oiooaaiiy eiioeaioe?? oe?a?inueei? e?iaaiaeeaeaeoeee a ci?no?
iaoe?iiaeueii? caaaeueii? oa aeui? iaaeaaia?/ii? ina?oe.

3 aoai (1996-1999) ocaaaeueithth/a inieneaiiy i?iaeaie, ai?iaaoe?y
eiioeaioe?? aeine?aeaeaiiy ia iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo, o aeo?iaeueieo
ioae?eaoe?yo, oi?ioethaaiiy aeniiae?a, nenoaiaoecaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a
iaoeiaiai iiooeo, i?aeaioiaea ?yaeo iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e.

?iaioa iaienaia ia aeaea?aeao, iia’ycaieo c iiaiciaa/eie,
e?oa?aoo?iciaa/eie, aoiia?ao?/ieie, aoiiineoieia?/ieie,
e?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/ieie i?aoeyie oe?a?inueeeo oa ca?oa?aeieo aeine?aeiee?a,
ia ie?aieo aoaiao aiae?co aeei?enoaii oaeiae ooaeiaei? oai?e. Iaoa??ae
aeiae?aany oeyoii aea??eiaiai oaiaoe/iiai aiae?co ioae?eaoe?e oa
ia?oiaeaea?ae c aeena?oaoe?eii? oaiaoeee. Oaeoe/i? aeaea?aea acyoi c
oieueeei?ieo ca??iee?a.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a iaa?oiooaaii? iniia
eiioeaioe?? aaaaoioaeoi?iiai aieeao oe?a?inueei? aoiie?iaaiaeeaeaeoeee
oa ?noi??? e?iaaiaeeaeaeoeee a Oe?a?i? ia ci?no caaaeueii? oa
iaaeaaia?/ii? ina?oe, ?ioaeaeooae?caoe?th a/eoaey; o i?inoaaeaii?
aaiethoe?? aca?iica’yce?a iniaeno?niiai c aoi?/iei, caaaeueiiaea?aeaaiei
? caaaeueiiethaenueeei ye eiinie?aeoth/eo, ?ioaa?oth/eo oaeoi??a a
oiiaao noaiiaeaiiy oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaaiino?. E??i oiai, cai?iiiiiaaia
aeine?aeaeaiiy aia?oa nenoaiii ? eiiieaenii aena?oeth?
e?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/i? noi?iie iaoe?iiaeueii-iiaiiai aeoiaaiiy o eiai
iaoiaee/iiio oa i?aeoe/iiio aniaeoao.

O aeena?oaoe?? aia?oa iaa?oioiaaia iaiao?aei?noue ?aae?caoe?? ?aeae
oe?a?iiciaanoaa o aca?iica’yceao aoi?/iiai e caaaeueiiethaenueeiai e
aeioe?euei?noue ?aae?caoe?? aoiie?iaa?noe/ieo eiioeaioe?e o
eoeueoo?ieia?/iiio oa ?noi?e/iiio i?aeoiaeao aei nenoaie iaa/aiiy ?
aeoiaaiiy iniaenoino?. Ae?noaea iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie ?ic?iaea oeyo?a
iiiaeaiiy ci?noo e?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/ii? ina?oe oa iaoeiai-iaoiaee/iiai
caaacia/aiiy ?icaeoeo na?oiaeyaeo e aeooiaiino? nooaeaio?a oa o/i?a,
ni?yiiaaiiai ia aa?iii?caoe?th iaioae?oaoo iniaenoino?, a oaeiae ia
i?aai?caoe?eii-iaaeaaia?/ia ? iaoiaee/ia caaacia/aiiy iiaeo iaoiaeee,
oi?i iaa/aeueii-aeoiaii? ?iaioe, i?aeaioiaee iaaeaaia?/ieo eaae??a aeey
oi?ioaaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii? iiaeae? aeoiaaiiy.

Oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe iieyaa? oaeiae o iaoeiaiio inieneaii?
a?aeia?aaeaiiy iniiaieo ieoaiue oe?a?inueei? aoiie?iaaiaeeaeaeoeee o
a?o/eciyieo iaaeaaia?/ieo noaiaea?oao ? ci?no? ina?oe, a iaa?oiooaaii?
iiaeo aniaeo?a ?aae?caoe?? oe?a?iiciaa/eo oe?iiinoae o eiioeaioe??
iaoe?iiaeueii? ina?oe, ni?yiiaai?e ia ?icaeoie iaaeaaia?/ii? iaoee ?
i?aeoeee, a iaa?oiooaaii? neioaco aoiieoeueoo?iiai oa
ii?aeueii-anoaoe/iiai /eiiee?a a ina?o?, aeyaeaii? iiaeo oeyo?a
?aoi?ioaaiiy ci?noo ina?oe a oiiaao ?icaeoeo iiaiai
nioe?aeueii-eoeueoo?iiai i?inoi?o.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Ia iniia? i?aenoie?a
oai?aoe/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ?ic?iaeaii niaoeeo?ne aeey aaeineiiaeaiiy
ci?noo aeui? iaaeaaia?/ii? oa o?eieia?/ii? ina?oe. Aeniiaee
aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeooue aeei?enoiaoaaoenue c iaoith i?aeaioiaee
aea?aeaaieo ? ?aa?iiaeueieo i?ia?ai, iaa/aeueieo iin?aiee?a ?
iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e, nai?ia??a aeey nooaeaio?a, o nenoai?
i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe iaaeaaia?/ieo eaae??a.

?acoeueoaoe cae?eniaiiai iaoeiaiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aaea
ai?iaaaeaeothoueny i?e /eoaii? aeena?oaioeith eo?no iaoiaeeee
nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ii? ?iaioe o Euea?anueeiio iaaeaaia?/iiio o/eeeu?
oa ia eo?nao i?aeaeuaiiy eaae?o?eaoe?? i?aoe?aiee?a aeeoy/eo
aeioe?eueieo caeeaae?a i?e Euea?anueeiio iaeaniiio iaoeiai-iaoiaee/iiio
?inoeooo? ina?oe ca oaiaie “Ooieoe?iiaeuei? iiaeeeaino? ??aeii? iiae o
iaoe?iiaeueiiio aeoiaaii? ae?oae aeioe?eueiiai a?eo oa “?icaeoie
iiaeaiiy ae?oae caniaaie oieueeei?o.

Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? aeioe?eueii aaiaeeoe ? a oe?eueio i?aeoeeo c
iaoith iie?ioaiiy aeeeaaeaiiy oe?a?inueei? iiae ? e?oa?aoo?e, a oaeiae
aeei?enoiaoaaoe a ??cieo oi?iao eoeueoo?ii-i?ina?oieoeueei? ?iaioe.
Aeena?oaoe?y i?noeoue iien iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaii? iiaeae? aacia?a?aiiai
iaoe?iiaeueii-iiaiiai aeoiaaiiy, ui ciaeoea nai? a?aeia?aaeaiiy a ci?no?
niaoeeo?n?a aeey neooa/?a iaaeaaia?/ieo oa o?eieia?/ieo
niaoe?aeueiinoae, ye? ni?yiiaai? ia aoiie?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/io i?aeaioiaeo
iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a o aoc? c iaoith iaoe?iiaeueii-iiaiiai aeoiaaiiy
oeiey??a, a oaeiae aeniiaee i?i nioe?aeueio cia/ou?noue ?aae?caoe?? iaoe
aoiie?iaaiaeeaeaeoeee o ci?no? iaoe?iiaeueii? ina?oe aeey oi?ioaaiiy o
iieiae? aea?aeaaieoeueeiai ieneaiiy, iao??ioecio, aoiai?noe/ieo
na?oiaeyaeieo oe?iiinoae ye iniiaieo i??i?eoao?a iaoe?iiaeueii? nenoaie
aeoiaaiiy.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a iieyaa? o ?ic?iaoe? eiioeaioe?? oe?e?nii?
e?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/ii? ina?oe, iaa?oiooaaii? ca’yceo i?ae
e?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/ieie iiaeyaeaie oe?a?inueeeo o/aieo oa ?oi?ie
i?aeoiaeaie aei ae??oaiiy iiaieo ? iiaiciaa/eo ieoaiue, a iaoeiaiio
inieneaii? cia/ouino? aeei?enoaiiy cania?a oe?a?inueei? aoiiiaaeaaia?ee
oa cania?a aieeao iiae c iaoith iaoe?iiaeueii-iiaiiai aeoiaaiiy
iniaenoino?. On? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy iaea?aeai? aeena?oaioeith
naiino?eii. I?aoeue, iaienaieo o ni?aaaoi?noa?, iaia?.

A??ia?aei?noue iaoeiaeo iieiaeaiue caaacia/aia anaa?/iei ?icaeyaeii
i?aaeiaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy, oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/iei iaa?oiooaaiiyi
aeo?aeieo iiceoe?e, aeei?enoaiiyi aca?iiaeiiiaithth/eo iaoiae?a, ui
a?aeiia?aeathoue iao? oa caaaeaiiyi aeine?aeaeaiiy, aiae?cii cia/ii?
e?eueeino? iaoeiaeo oa iaa/aeueii-iaoiaee/ieo aeaea?ae c oaie
aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ia caoeno aeiinyoueny:

1) iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaia iiaeaeue aacia?a?aiiai iaoe?iiaeueii-iiaiiai
aeoiaaiiy, ui ciaeoea nai? a?aeia?aaeaiiy a ci?no? niaoeeo?n?a aeey
neooa/?a iaaeaaia?/ieo oa o?eieia?/ieo niaoe?aeueiinoae, ye? ni?yiiaai?
ia ia?ai???ioaoe?th aoiie?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/ii? i?aeaioiaee iaeaooi?o
a/eoae?a c iaoith iaoe?iiaeueii-iiaiiai aeoiaaiiy oeiey??a;

2) aieiai? i?eioeeie oa caniae iiiaeaiiy ci?noo aeui? ina?oe ia ??ai?
?ic?iaee iaa/aeueiiai iaoa??aeo;

3) ci?no niaoeeo?n?a c aoiie?iaaiaeeaeaeoeee oa ?noi??? a?o/eciyii?
e?iaaiaeeaeaeoeee.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoa??aee aeine?aeaeaiiy
iaaiai?thaaeeny ia I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe??
“O?aaeeoe?? aeoiaaiiy o na?oia?e ia?iaei?e iaaeaaia?oe?” (Ee?a — ??aia,
1995) oa Anaoe?a?inuee?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Oe?a?inueea
ia?iaeiciaanoai ? i?iaeaie aeoiaaiiy o/i?a” (?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1995).
E??i oiai, ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ai?iaiaai? o
aeiiia?aeyo ia can?aeaiiyo i?aaeiaoii? oeeeeiai? eii?n?? aeeeaaea/?a
iaoiaeeee Euea?anueeiai iaaeaaia?/iiai o/eeeua (aeia.?___ a?ae
) oa iaaeaaia?/ieo ?aaeao Euea?anueeeo oe?e ( ? 70, 63, 71, 66);
i?ae /an iaaeaaia?/ieo ia?aae, i?aai?ciaaieo EIII?I (aeia.?___ a?ae
).

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii a i’yoe
ioae?eaoe?yo caaaeueiei ianyaii 23 ae?oeiaai? noi??iee. Na?aae
ioae?eaoe?e o?e noaoo? a iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao. ?aooa ioae?eaoe?e – oace
aeiiia?aeae, aeaieioaieo ia I?aeia?iaeieo oa Anaoe?a?inueeeo
eiioa?aioe?yo.

Ianya ? no?oeoo?a ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, o?ueio
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e, yeee iae?/o? 125
iaeiaioaaiue. Ianya aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aac nieneo
aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e – 174n., iiaiee ianya ?iaioe (c? nieneii
aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae) — 180n.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie, noi?ioeueiaaii iaoo e
caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy, aecia/aii iiaecio ?iaioe, ie?aneaii oai?aoe/io
e i?aeoe/io oe?ii?noue iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a oa oi?ie ?o ai?iaaoe??,
cacia/aii e?euee?noue oa ianya ioae?eaoe?e, ye? a?aeia?aaeathoue iniiai?
?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? “?noi?eei-iaoiaeieia?/ia ?ao?iniaeoeaa aeine?aeaeaiue
e?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/ieo ooieoe?e ??aeii? iiae i?noeoueny caaaeueia
oa?aeoa?enoeea ?noi?e/iiai oi?ioaaiiy iiaeyae?a ia ooieoe?iiaeueio noa?o
iiae, iiaeaii iaeyae iaoeiai? e?oa?aoo?e ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??,
aecia/athoueny aeooaeuei? caaaeaiiy o aea/aii? oaie.

I?iaeaie iaoe?iiaeueii — iiaiiai aeoiaaiiy aeine?aeaeoaaeenue a
i?eeeaaeiiio aniaeo? iaa/aiiy ? aeoiaaiiy i?ae?inoath/iai iieie?iiy ua a
i?aoeyo ss. Eiiainueeiai oa ?. Ianoaeioeoe?, aaeaea a iniiao ?o
ooiaeaiaioaeueieo oai??a aoei caeeaaeaii i?eioeei
i?e?iaeia?aeiia?aeiino? aeoiaaiiy. Ia?iaeia iaaeaaia?/ia oai??y aeeaiei
?ice?eoa a iaaeaaia?/i?e niaaeuei? A. Neiai?iaee, I. Aeooiiae/a,
E. Ooeinueeiai. Ooiaeaiaioaeueia cia/aiiy aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy aeooiaii?
no?oeoo?e iaoe?iiaeueii-iiaiiai aeoiaaiiy iathoue iaoeia?,
ioae?oeenoe/i? i?aoe? oa ooaeiaei? oai?e a/aieo, iaaeaaia?a, aoiia?ao?a,
ienueiaiiee?a Oe?a?ie (?. Ia??iea, A. Aauaiea, I. TH?eaae/a).

Ca ieioe? ?iee (i?eaeecii c 1985 ?.) aeeoee a na?o ioae?eaoe??, ui
noinothoueny i?aoeue I. Iioaai?, I. A?ooaanueeiai, I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa,
I. Einoiia?iaa, A. E?einueeiai, ?. O?aiea, A. A??i/aiea. O oeeo
aeine?aeaeaiiyo aeyaeythoueny iia? i?aeoiaee aei aiae?co na?oiaeyaeii –
iiaii? eiioeaioe?? oe?a?inueeeo eoeueoo?ieo ae?y/?a. Aeei?enoiaoth/e ?o
i?aoe? ye iniiaio aeaea?aeueio aaco, a no/ani? ioae?eaoe?? ye ci?noiaee
iaoa??ae, nenoaiaoecoaaaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy c aoiie?iaaiaeeaeaeoeee, ie
aecia/eee iioeiaeueiee ianya a?aeiiinoae, ui noinothoueny
e?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/ii? noi?iie iaoe?iiaeueii — iiaiiai aeoiaaiiy.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? – “Aoiiineoie?iaa?noe/i? i?iaeaie a ?noi???
a?o/eciyii? e?iaaiaeeaeaeoeee aea/athoueny ieoaiiy ni?aa?aeiioaiiy
eoeueoo?ieia?/ieo oe?iiinoae o ?ica’ycaii? i?iaeaie “Iiaa ? iaoe?y
oe?a?inueeeie a/aieie a eiioaeno? ?o iiaeyae?a ia iiai?, iaaeaaia?/i? oa
e?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/i? i?iaeaie. Iaoa??ae, i?enay/aiee e?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/i?e
o?aaeeoe??, iiaea aooe aeei?enoaii ye ci?no ianooiieo oanoe niaoeeo?n?a.

2.1. Na?oiaeyaeii-iiaia eiioeaioe?y Iaio?ea TH?eaae/a oa ??
aoiie?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/ia nooi?noue. Aei iaoiaeieia?/ieo iniia
e?iaaiaeeaeaeoeee ie a?aeiineii ?noi?e/i?, e?iaa?noe/i? ?, cae/aeii,
o?einionuee?, iniaeeai o?, ye? aaciina?aaeiuei ? iniiaith iaoe?iiaeueieo
ina?oiuei-aeoiaieo ono?aie?iue. Oaeith o?einionueeith ea?ioanaioe??th
oe?a?inueei? iaioaeueiino?, iaoe?iiaeueiiai na?oiaa/aiiy ? “o?einio?y
na?oey” Iaio?ea TH?eaae/a. Ciaeiiey/e nooaeaio?a c o?einionueeeie
eaoaai??yie ieneaiiy ? oai?/ino?, ie ia?ane?aeoaaee iaoo noai?eoe i?oeio
iaoiaeieia?/io aaco aeey iaeiie/aiiy oa aiae?co iiaeaeueoiai iaoa??aeo,
yeee noino?oueny ?noi??? oa oai??? e?iaaiaeeaeaeoeee ye aoiai?oa?ii?
noa?e ieneaiiy ? ae?yeueiino?. “O?einio?y na?oey” I. TH?eaae/a ? ae?acii
ei?aeioeaio?e/iino? oe?a?inueei? iaoe??, ?? o?einionueeei
iaa?oiooaaiiyi, iniiaith aeey ?ic?iaee a?aeiia?aeieo aoaeoeaieo iaoiaeee
? oai??e iaa/aiiy oa aeoiaaiiy iieiae?.

O i?aoeyo I. TH?eaae/a (Eo?n iauae iaaeaaiaeee n i?eeiaeaieyie, *oaiey i
ainieoaiee) ie ciaoiaeeii ca’ycie nioe?aeueii–iaaeaaia?/ii? i???ioaoe??
aeoiaaiiy c ia?iaeiith iaaeaaia?eith. Aeey ?aae?caoe?? oeeo i?eioeei?a
I. TH?eaae/ aecia/aa ??ci? oeyoe, iaeiei c yeeo aoei aea/aiiy ??aeii?
iiae, yea ia? aooe ni?yiiaaia ia ?icaeoie /oooy iiae, eio?a o?einio
iaceaa? “ie?aiith nia?noth.”

Aea/aiiy ? aeaoaeueiee aiae?c o?einionueeeo oai??a I. TH?eaae/a
a?aee?eaa? oe?ie? iiaeeeaino? aeey iiaoaeiae iiai? nenoaie
iaoe?iiaeueii? oeiee, yea caniiaoaaeany a ia i?eioeeiao ei?aeioeaio?ecio
oa aoiai?cio. E?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/ia cia/aiiy oai??a I. TH?eaae/a iieyaa? o
oiio, ui aeei?enoaiiy iaoiaeieia?/ieo canaae, ui caeeaaeai? a
eiioeaioe?? o?einioa, aeanoue iiooiao aei nenoaiaoe/ieo
e?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue.

2.2. ?noi?eei-iiaiciaa/? ieoaiiy iiaii-iaoe?iiaeueiiai aeoiaaiiy o
i?aoeyo I. A?ooaanueeiai, I. Einoiia?iaa, A. E?einueeiai.
I. A?ooaanueeee ye aea?aeaaiee ? a/aiee aeeaiei ona?aeiiethaaa i?iaeaio
aca?iica’yceo oe?a?inueei? iiae ? iaoe?iiaeueii? oeiee. Ie i?iiiio?ii
oe?iea iciaeiieaiiy c aeine?aeaeaiiyie I. A?ooaanueeiai aeey oiai, uia
iieaaoeoe neooa/ai ona?aeiieaiiy aeooiaii? i?e?iaee iiae, aaeaea aiia
caaaeaee aoea ? ? caniaii aieeao ia aiioe?eio noa?o, ine?eueee aeieeea c
iio?aa ethaenueeiai Aeooo (I. A?ooaanueeee. ?noi??y oe?a?inueei?
e?oa?aoo?e, Oe?eueia iiaa). Oey iiceoe?y ? i?eioeeiiaith naia aeey
aeoiaaiiy aeooiaii c??eeo ethaeae c /?oeith nenoaiith oe?iiinoae, na?aae
yeeo iiaa iin?aeaoeia iaeia c i?ea?eaeiaaieo i?noeue. A naia oaea
oi?ioethaaiiy a?aeia?aaea? iaoo iaoe?iiaeueii-iiaiiai aeoiaaiiy.
I?iaeaie oe?a?inueei? e?iaaiaeeaeaeoeee a/aiee ?icaeyaeaa o eiiieaen? c
?noi?e/ieie, iiaiciaa/eie, aoe/ieie oa anoaoe/ieie aniaeoaie.

I.?. Einoiia?ia o nai?o i?aoeyo iaiaeii?aciai caa?oaany aei ieoaiiy i?i
??aeiiiiaio ina?oo aeey oe?a?ioe?a, ai aaie?aaa ca iaeaooi? nai?? iaoe??
(Aea? ?onuee? ia?iaeiino?). Eiai iaaeaaia?/i? iiaeyaee aoee coiiaeai?
oiai/aniei noaiiaeuai ia?iaeii? i?ina?oe. Aeey I.?. Einoiia?iaa, ye ?
aeey aaaaoueio ?ioeo o/aieo oiai /ano, aoei oa?aeoa?iei i?aaiaiiy
ni?eyoe e?ea?aeaoe?? iaienueiaiiino?, uia i?aeianoe iaoe?th ia iiaee
??aaiue ?icaeoeo. O noaoo? “Iunee thaeii?ona” I.?. Einoiia?ia aeeeaa
eiioeaioe?th ia?iaeii? i?ina?oe. ?aae?caoe?th nai?o iniiaieo
e?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/ieo iiaeyae?a o/aiee aa/ea o?eueee o ca’yceo c ?icaeoeii
oe?a?inueei? iaoee, a oiio /ene? ? oe?eueii?, oeyoii ?icoe?aiiy noa?e
aaeeaaiiy oe?a?inueei? iiae.

A.TH. E?einueeee aoa iaeiei ?c iaeaecia/i?oeo o/aieo-o?eieia?a Oe?a?ie
e?ioey O?O — ia?oi? iieiaeie OO no. A?i noai?ea oe?a?inueeo iaoeiao
oeieo ii??aiyeueii? e?iaa?noeee oa i???ioae?noeee. Oe?eee ?yae eiai
i?aoeue (I?ia?aia aeey cae?aiiy aiai??a iaei?onueeiai ia??//y, Ia?ene c
?noi??? oe?a?inueei? iiae oa o?anoiiao?y c iai’yoiee?a ienueiainueei?
noa?ioe?a?iueie) eyaee a iniiao i?ae?o/iee?a aeey aoc?a. Iaei??th c
e?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/ieo ?aeae o/aiiai c i?eaiaeo iai?io aeooiaieie
oe?iiinoyie, cie?aia c?aceaie oieueeei?ii? oai?/ino?, ? ?aeay i?i
iiaeeea?noue caaaa/aiiy aeooiaiiai ?icaeoeo iaoe?? /a?ac ?? iiao.

2.3. Aoiiineoieia?/i? iniiae iaoe?iiaeueiiai naiiona?aeiieaiiy
oe?a?ioe?a o na?oiaeyaei?e eiioeaioe?? I.I. Iioaai?. Iciaeiiethth/e
nooaeaio?a c aeine?aeaeaiiyie I. Iioaai?, ie noaaeee ia?aae niaith
o?e?aeeio iaoo: aeaoe iniiai? a?aeiiino? i?i aoiiineoieia?th ye iaoeo,
i?inoaaeeoe ca’ycie i?ae ineo?/ieie yaeuaie ie?aiiai /eaia nioe?oio oa
caaaeueiei ineo?/iei aeeooyi iaoe??, noi?ioaaoe oyaeaiiy i?i iiao ye
iniiao ia?iaeii? ineoieia??, ui caaacia/o? aeooiaio ?aei?noue iaoe??.
Oaeei /eiii, aea/ath/e aoiiineoieia?/io eiioeaioe?th I. Iioaai?,
nooaeaioe caaaa/oaaoeiooue nai? ciaiiy c nioe?aeueii? iaaeaaia?ee.
Aeoaea oe?iieie aeey iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a-neiaaniee?a ? ?ica?aeee a/aiiai,
ye? noinothoueny aeeeaaeaiiy iiae a?e?iaaai (sscue e ia?iaeiinoue. Ec
caienie ii ?onneie a?aiiaoeea). Ie aeae?ey?ii oae? e?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/i?
aeniiaee I. Iioaai?: eiaeia ie?aia iniaeno?noue ? oai?oeai caaaeueiiai
aeooiaiiai aeeooy iaoe??, ca?aene – iaiao?aei?noue aeoiaaiiy ethaeeie,
yea ia? aenieee ??aaiue iaoe?iiaeueiiai naiiona?aeiieaiiy oa aaaaoee
aeooiaiee na?o; iniiaith ia?iaeii? ineoieia?? ? iiaa, yeith
iiynith?oueny ?nioaaiiy aoi?/ieo ni?eueiinoae, oiio aieiae?iiy iiaith ?
caii?oeith caa?aaeaiiy iaoe?iiaeueieo ?en ia?iaeo — oea ci?noiaee
aniaeo; ianiaa aeaiaoe?iiae?caoe?y iiaeeeaa eeoa ca oiiae, eiee oeiea
ao?o/a?oueny o iiaiee i?ioean, cai?iaaaeaeoth/e iaa/aiiy ?ioith iiaith.
Ioaea, I. Iioaaiy ye e?iaaiaeeaeaeo, aenooiaa ca iaiao?aei?noue oe?ieiai
aea/aiiy oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ??aeii? iiae o aea?aeaaieo oa i?eaaoieo
onoaiiaao, a ina?o?, eoeueoo?? oa iiaoo? – o oeueiio a?i aaa/aa caii?oeo
ineo?/iiai caei?ia’y iaoe??.

2.4. E?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/i? aniaeoe i?iaeaie “Iiaa ? iaoe?y” a anoaoe/i?e
eiioeaioe?? ?.ss. O?aiea. E?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/ia oe?ii?noue i?aoeue
?. O?aiea iieyaa? a oiio, ui a?i aeiaiaeea iie?ooieoe?iiaeuei?noue
oe?a?inueei? iiae, ?? ni?iiiaei?noue aooe caniaii ia?aaea/? iaoeiaeo
ciaiue, eoeueoo?ieo iaaeaaiue, ae?eiaiaenoaa (?c nae?ao?a iiaoe/ii?
oai?/ino?). E?iaa?noe/ia eiioeaioe?y ?.ss. O?aiea aoea i?aeii?yaeeiaaia
ooaa?aeaeaiith ?aeeii? iie?ooieoe?iiaeueii? oe?a?inueei? iiae,
ni?yiiaaia ia ?? iaoeiaa inieneaiiy ? ia ae?iaeaiiy “?ioae?aaioii?
aan?aee”, ui a ia?niaeoea? iaea noaoe iaaeaaiiyi onueiai oe?a?inueeiai
ia?iaeo. O nenoai? aoc?anueei? i?aeaioiaee iaaeaaia?/ieo eaae??a
ia??aeei i?e aea/aii? ?ia?o ?. O?aiea ye o/aiiai – iiaiciaaoey,
iaaeaaiaa, aeeoy/iai ienueiaiieea aa?aoueny aei oaaae iaeia c? noi??i
eiai aaaaoia?aiii? ae?yeueiino?. Ie ?aeiiaiaeo?ii oeth oaio aeey
aea/aiiy o niaoeeo?n? c iaoith iia’ycaoe ai?aeeii an? noi?iie eiai
ae?yeueiino?: ienueiaiieoeueeo, iie?oe/io, iaaeaaia?/io oa
i?ina?oieoeueeo.

2.5. ??aeia iiaa a nenoai? iaaeaaia?/ieo iiaeyae?a I.I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa.
I. Ae?aaiiaiia ioe?ithaaa iiao ye iaeei c iaea?eueoeo caeiaooe?a iaoe??,
ye iaiao?aeio oiiao iiaiioe?iii? ina?oe. Ia?iaeia iaaeaaia?ea, aaaaea?
I.I. Ae?aaiiaiia, iiaeiia nei?enoaoeny aeeaith ia?iaeiith neiaani?noth
aeey ?ic’yniaiiy ii?aeueieo ?aeae. Ia?iaeia iiac?y iaiao?aeia aeey
?ae?a?eii? oa ?noi?e/ii? ina?oe ia?iaeo, aeaiaioa?i? iaoeia? aeai?
oaeiae aeioe?eueii aeeeaaeaoe yeiiiaa aeeae/a aei iiiyoue ? iiae o/i?a.
sse iaaeaaia, I. Ae?aaiiaiia ae?eoia aei aeniiaeo i?i iaia’yceia?noue
oi/a a ii/aoeiai? ina?oe aeey oe?ieiai caaaeo, i?aoethaaa iaae
?ic?iaeith /eoaiee. Oi?aa?nae?ci a/aiiai aeicaieea eiio i?ae?eoe aei
e?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/ieo i?iaeai c iiceoe?e ?noi?ecio, e?oa?aoo?iciaanoaa oa
aea?aeaaieoeoaa. I.I. Ae?aaiiaiia i?aoethaaa iaae i?eeiyoiith aeey oiai
/ano eiioeaioe??th caaaeueii? ??aeiiiiaii? ina?oe, oe?ii?noue yei? ?
iacaia?a/iith ? a no/anieo oiiaao. O/aiee iie?aany a i?aeoe/i?e,
oai?aoe/i?e, ioae?oeenoe/i?e iaaeaaia?/i?e ae?yeueiino? ia iaoeo
(Ia?iaei? oeiee ia Oe?a?i? na?aae aeeooy ? ienueiainoaa a ?in??,
Iaaeaaia?/ia cia/aiiy iaei?onueei? iiae). Oe?ii?noue
e?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/iiai aiae?co i?aoeue I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa o eiai
??ciinoi?iiiueino?, eiiieaeniino?. Oea aeicaieeoue anoaiiaeoe
i?aei?aaeiaoi? ca’ycee o iaa/aii? iniia e?iaaiaeeaeaeoeee.

2.6. E?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaaeaaia?/ii? ae?yeueiino?
A.Ae. A??i/aiea. Ienueiaiiee-iaaeaaia aoa ia?aeiiaiee o oiio, ui ??aeia
iiaa ?acii c ia?iaeiith ii?aeeth, aoiiiaaeaaia?eith ni?eythoue
oi?ioaaiith oaeeo ?en iaeaooiueiai a?iiaaeyieia, ye iao??ioeci,
aoiaii?noue, aeia?iii?yaei?noue o aca?ieiao. Oe? ?aea? A. A??i/aiea
ciaeoee nai? a?aeia?aaeaiiy o eiai ooaeiaei?o oai?ao, ioae?oeenoeoe?,
i?aeoe/i?e ?iaio?. A?i noai?ea ?yae iin?aiee?a: /eoaieo “Iae ni?ao aei
ni?ao”; “Oe?a?inueeo a?aiaoeeo” (1907?.); /eoaieo “??aeia neiai”,
“Ianoeio /eoaieo”. Aacoth/enue ia ciaii? i?e?iaee oa iaoai?ci?a i?ioeano
iaa/aiiy, A. A??i/aiei noaaea eaoaai?e/io aeiiao, yea iieyaaea a oiio,
uia eiaeai i?ae?o/iee ienaany ??aeiith iiaith aeeoeie. Iniaeea?noth
e?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/ieo iiaeyae?a A.Ae. A??i/aiea ? oa, ui aiie oi?ioaaeeny
ia iniia? aaciina?aaeiuei? iaaeaaia?/ii? ae?yeueiino?, ? ?acoeueoaoii,
i?aenoieii ?iaioe a oeie?. E?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/i? ?aea? A. A??i/aiea,
?ioa??i?eciaai? nooaeaioaie, nooo?ai aieeiooue ia ye?noue ciaiue ? ia
ioi?iio caei?ia’y ae?oae.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? aeine?aeaeo?oueny “Oieueeei? ye
aoiie?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/ia iniiaa iaoe?iiaeueii-iiaiiai aeoiaaiiy
iniaenoino?”.

3.1. ??aeia iiaa – can?a oi?ioaaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii? naiina?aeiiino?.
Aea/aiiy oe?a?inueei? iiae ia? aooe i?aeii?yaeeiaaia eiiieaeniei
(nioe?i-, ineoieoeueoo?ieia?/iei) iio?aaai aeoiaaiiy iiaii? iniaenoino?.
Oe?a?inueea iiaa nueiaiaei? – ia eeoa can?a ni?eeoaaiiy iaeiiai c
/eneaiieo neia’yinueeeo ia?iae?a. ?? caniaaie a?aeaoaa?oueny aaaeeeaee
i?ioean naii?aeaioeo?eaoe?? oe?a?ioe?a. Iaoo iaoe?iiaeueii-iiaiiai
aeoiaaiiy ?aae?co? neeaaeia nenoaia, yea ioiieth? ?yae iaoe, na?aae yeeo
e?iaa?noeea, ineoieia?y, aoeea, anoaoeea oa aioieia?y. Oaea
??ciiiai?oi?noue aeaiaio?a oeueiai eiiieaeno iaoe coiiaeaia neeaaei?noth
oa ??ciiieaiia?noth caaaeaiue iiaiiai aeoiaaiiy, yea ?icaeyaea?oueny o
aeaio aniaeoao: ineoie?iaa?noe/iiio oa iaaeaaia?/iiio.

Oe? aniaeoe neeaaeathoue ?aeeiee eiiieaen, ??aaiue noi?iiaaiino? yeiai a
eiaeiiai ?iaeea?aea aecia/a? ??aaiue iiaii? eoeueoo?e iniaenoino?, yea ?
iaa?ae’?iiith iciaeith caaaeueii? eoeueoo?e ethaeeie ? a?aeia?aaea? ia
o?eueee aeoiaai?noue, ?ioae?aaioi?noue, a e aioo??oi?e na?o ethaeeie.
Iaaeaaia?/iee aniaeo iaoe?iiaeueii-iiaiiai aeoiaaiiy ioiieth?
aeeaeaeoe/io oa aeoiaio eiai noi?iie.

3.2. Aeine?aeaeaiiy oieueeei?o ye anaioiiethth/iai aacia?a?aiiai
eiiieaeno aeoiaaiiy iiaii? iniaenoino?. Ethaeeia a iioiaaiac? inaith?
??ci? aeaee ae?yeueiino? caniaii ni?eeoaaiiy. Aeeoeia “i?enaith?”
(?ioa??i?eco?) nioe?aeuei? ciaeiai-neiaie?/i? no?oeoo?e ? caniae oe???
ae?yeueiino? oa ni?eeoaaiiy, ia iniia? ?ioa??i?ecaoe?? ? oi?io?oueny ??
na?aeii?noue. Oeae neeaaeiee i?ioean ia ??cieo aoaiao noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny
neiaaniith ca oi?iith oa aeoiaiith ca ci?noii nenoaiith, ui ciaeoea nai?
a?aeia?aaeaiiy o oieueeei??.

Aeoiaaiiy ethaeeie, ye na?ae/aoue oieueeei?i? aeaea?aea, ii/eia?oueny ua
i?ae /an aioo??oo?iaiiai ?icaeoeo. Naia oiae? ca aeiiiiiaith ne?a
anoaiiaeth?oueny aeooiaiee eiioaeo i?ae iao??’th ? aeeoeiith. Iniaeeaa
i?noea a oeueiio eiiieaen? ia?iaeii-iaaeaaia?/ieo o?aaeeoe?e iaeaaeeoue
eieeneiaei i?niyi. O ci?no? eo?no nooaeaioe iciaeiieththoueny c
ineoieia?/ieie, oieueeei?enoe/ieie aeine?aeaeaiiyie oeeo aeai??a
oieueeei?o oa ?o e?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/ieie ooieoe?yie, ye iaa/aeueieie, oae ?
aeoiaieie.

Eieeneia? i?ni? a ieioeiio aoee o?nii iia’ycai? c iaenoa??oei
oieueeei?iei aeai?ii – caiiaeyiiyi. Iaei??th c iaeoa?aeoa?i?oeo
iniaeeainoae caiiaeyiue, ia ye? caa?oa?oueny oaaaa nooaeaio?a, ?
caa?aaeaiiy o ieo ia?oiiniiae, iiaea?eiino? cia/aiiy neiaa – coiiaeaii?
oo?eiaiiyi o neia? eiai nae?aeueiiai cia/aiiy.

Ianoooee, iio?oee, caaaaeyiee, ye ? eieeneia?, i?aeii?yaeeiaai? iaei?e
iao? – iaa/eoe aeeoeio aiai?eoe, aeaoe ?e ia?o? a?aeiiino? i?i
iaaeieeoi?e na?o, i?i ethaenuee? noinoiee, caniaaie iiae oi?ioaaoe e?au?
?ene oa?aeoa?o. Aea/ath/e nei?iiiaee, aeoeaioo?ii oaaao ia oa, ui aiie,
aoaeo/e aeey ae?oae nai???aeiith a?ith, oai?aie aoii?enoe/iiai
ni?yioaaiiy, o nenoai? ? eiaiiaaee/ieie ai?aaaie, ni?yiiaaieie ia
oi?ioaaiiy i?aaeeueiiai, /?oeiai oa ae?aciiai iiaeaiiy.
Iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?ia ?ioi?iaoe?y, ui ia?aaea?oueny aa?aaeueieie
caniaaie ni?eeoaaiiy, cae??ieth?oueny o iia? ? ia?aaea?oueny ianooiiei
iieie?iiyi caaaeyee iiaeaii?a?e oa ioce/i?e ?ioiiaoe?yi. ?? canai?iiy ?
caeiiii??iei i?ioeanii oa iaiao?aeiith oiiaith ?aiiuei? nioe?ae?caoe??
aeeoeie.

Iienaia /anoeia oieueeei?ii? oai?/ino? i?aeoe/ii aeiaaea? c iiey ci?o
i?ia?aiieo iieiaeaiue eo?no iaoiaeeee aeeeaaeaiiy oe?a?inueei? iiae aeey
iaaeaaia?/ieo oaeoeueoao?a. *anoeiai eieeneia? i?ni?, nei?iiiaee,
ianoooee, oo?oee ?icaeyaeathoueny ye aeai?e e?oa?aoo?e aeey ae?oae oa ?o
aeeaeaeoe/i? ooieoe?? o aoiiiaaeaaia?oe?. Caiiaeyiiy ae a?aeianaii aei
ia?iaeii? iaaeeoeeie ? cian?i ia aea/athoueny ye e?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/iee
can?a. Oaeei /eiii, aoaeyoueny ineoie?iaa?noe/i? oa e?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/i?
aniaeoe aieeao oeeo aeai??a oieueeei?o ia oi?ioaaiiy iiaii? iniaenoino?
o/iy, nooaeaioa. Aoaeoeai?noue oieueeei?ieo cania?a iieyaa? a oiio, ui
aiie aacothoueny ia i?eioeeiao i?e?iaei- oa eoeueoo?ia?aeiia?aeiino?,
?icaeyaeathoue iaoe?iiaeueii-iiaia aeoiaaiiy ye iaa?ae’?iio neeaaeiao
i?e?iaee naiiai ia?iaeo. Aiie aeathoue iiaeeea?noue oi?ioaaoe o ae?oae
o? yeino?, ye? aeanoea? aeaiiio ia?iaeo, ? aeei?enoiaoaaoe i?e oeueiio
oo nea?aieoeth, yeo a?i noai?ea.

3.3. Oe?a?inueea ia?iaeia i?niy ye can?a ooaeiaeiueiai inai?iiy
iaaeieeoiuei? ae?eniino?. Oi?ioaaiiy aeooiaii aaaaoi?, nioe?aeueii
aeoeaii? iniaenoino? i?aeiineoue cia/aiiy i?naiiino? o
iaoe?iiaeueii-iiaiiio aeoiaaii? iieiae?. I?niy ni?aaey? neeueiee aieea
ia aiioe?eio noa?o ae?oae, oiio ? iaeiei c iaeaoaeoeai?oeo cania?a
oi?ioaaiiy o ae?oae caeaoiino? ia?aaeeaaoe ooaeiaei? ia?ace ye
ineoieia?/ii? iniiae ioce/ii-anoaoe/ii? eoeueoo?e. I?naiiee oieueeei?
aieeaa? caaaeyee ?ioiiaoe?eii-?ioi?iaoe?ei?e iane/aiino? ia oi?ioaaiiy
aeeoy/i? iniaenoino?, ?? iaoe?iiaeueii? naiina?aeiiino? ye ?icoi?iiy
aeanii? iaoe?iiaeueii? iaeaaeiino?, ?aeaioeo?eaoe??.

?nio? ua /eiaei ?ioeo aeai??a aeeoy/iai oieueeei?o (oai??a, neeaaeaieo
aei?ineeie aeey ae?oae), eio?? a?ae?a?athoue aaaeeeao ?ieue o
aacia?a?aiiio iaoe?iiaeueii-iiaiiio aeoiaaii?, ?ioaa?othoue o nia? an?
eiai aniaeoe. Na?aae ieo i?ni? i?i i?e?iaeo, i?eiia?aeee, iaaeeeoe?, –
on?i ?i aeanoeaa aoii?enoe/ia cia?aaeaiiy ae?eniino? oa ?a?iaa oi?ia.
Oi?ia i?naiieo oai??a a?aeiia?aea? a?eiaei iniaeeainoyi ae?oae
aeioe?eueiiai oa iieiaeoiai oe?eueiiai a?eo, a ca ci?noii – oea
iaae/a?iia aeaea?aei iiaieo aaaaonoa, ia?iaeii? ioae?ino?,
iaoe?iiaeueii? iaioaeueiino? oe?a?ioe?a.

3.4. Aoiai?noe/ia aeoiaaiiy iieiae? /a?ac oe?a?inueeo ia?iaeio eaceo. O
eo?n? “Oieueeei? ye aoiie?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/ia iniiaa iaoe?iiaeueii-iiaiiai
aeoiaaiiy iniaenoino?” i?e aiae?c? ia?acii? nenoaie oe?a?inueeeo
ia?iaeieo eacie oa ?o e?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/ieo ooieoe?e, iniaeeaa oaaaa
caa?oa?oueny ia iaaeaaia?/ia iaaaioaaeaiiy iiaieo cania?a, canoiniaaieo
o eacoe?.

Iniiai? aeniiaee c e?iaaiaeeaeaeoeee eacee, ui canaiththoueny
nooaeaioaie:

— oaa?eie /e aa?i? a eaceao aenooiathoue caeaa?eueoiai ye iin?? ??cieo
ethaenueeeo (iiceoeaieo /e iaaaoeaieo) yeinoae ? ?en, ci?no ? ii?aeue
eacie aeeeeeathoue o ae?oae ii/oooy ciaaaae aei iaaaoeao ? iioaio aei
oi?ioeo yeinoae, ia?ace ia?niiaae?a yne?aa?, eiio?ani?;

— eacee iia?aeiieythoue ae?oyi aace?/ a?aeiiinoae i?i aeeooy, i?e?iaeo,
noni?euei? a?aeiineie, a no?oie?noue ? aeiaa?oai?noue aoaeiae, iiaa ?
ia?ace ?icaeaathoue ?oi? anoaoe/i? niaee;

— ?aeaeiee oa anoaoe/iee aieea oieueeei?ieo oai??a ia oeiey??a oei
neeuei?oee, /ei aeeaoa aiie i?iieeathoue o eiai iiaoe/io iiao, /ei
a?eueoa anioe?aoe?e aeeee/ooue oai?e a ?oi?e na?aeiiino?;

— o?acaieia?y iiae – iaeaaaaooa nea?aieoey ia?acieo cania?a ioe?iee
ii?aeueieo yeinoae ethaeeie;

— oaaaa ae?oae aei iiaiiai aoeeaoo i?eaa?oa?oueny o ia?iaeieo eaceao aea
cono??/?, ye i?aaeei, noi?iaiaeaeothoueny ?eooaeii a?oaiiy.

3.5. A?aeia?aaeaiiy a nenoai? caaaaeie ia?aciiai na?oini?eeiaiiy
oe?a?ioe?a.O aeine?aeaeaii? ?icaeyaeathoueny iae? oieueeei?i? aeai?e a
aniaeo? ?oiueiai i?ecia/aiiy ye e?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/ieo cania?a.
Ae. *eaeaanueeee, aiae?coth/e oe?a?inueeee ia?iaeiee oa?aeoa?, ia?oith ?
aacoiiaiith ?enith ineo?/iiai oeeaaeo oe?a?ioey aecia/a? aiioe?iiae?ci ?
naioeiaioae?ci, /ooeea?noue oa e??eci, ui iaeyne?aa?oa aeyaey? anoaoeci
oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeiiai aeeooy oa na?oini?eeiaiiy. (Ia?ene c ?noi???
o?einio?? a Oe?a?i?). Caaaaeee ? caniaii anoaoe/iiai inai?iiy
iaaeieeoiuei? ae?eniino? oe?a?ioeyie. *anoi caaaaeee ?ice?eaathoue
iiaoe/i? noi?iie ??cieo i?iya?a aeeooy. Aiie ?icaeaathoue anoaoe/i?
niaee ae?oae, a/aoue ?o iii?/aoe i?ae?ania, ni?eythoue ia?aciiio
aa/aiith ??cieo i?aaeiao?a ? yaeu o aeeoo?, a oei naiei aioothoue aei
?icoi?iiy iiaoe/ieo oai??a, aeathoue ?i a?ae/ooe cia?aaeoaaeueio neeo
neiaa. Iaoaoi?e/i?noue caaaaeie ia’?aeio? ?o c i?ene?a’yie, i?eeaceaie,
ia?acieie ii??aiyiiyie, ye? a ia?aci?e oi?i? a?aeia?aaeathoue
iae?noioi?o? noi?iie yaeu i?e?iaee, noni?eueieo ? ?iaeeiieo aca?iei.

3.6.Aeoiaiee ?aeaae oe?a?ioe?a ? eiai a?aeia?aaeaiiy o ia?iaei?e
ia?ai?ia?ao??. Ia?iaei? i?ene?a’y ye caonoee ethaenueeeo iiaeyae?a ia
nooi?noue iniaenoino? oa ?? ?icaeoie ? aaaiiei aeoiaoth/ei oaeoi?ii. O
ieo ii?aeio?oueny iiaeaii?aa ?aei?noue aeoiee ? ii/oooy, ui e aecia/a?
?o ia?aoai?thaaeueio neeo. A oni?e oai?/ino? oe?a?ioe?a ? aaeeea
e?euee?noue i?eeacie, ye? aeiiiiaaathoue i?ciaaaoe aaaeeea? yaeua ?
i?ioeane, ui a?aeaoaathoueny a i?e?iae?, aeacothoue ia iiaeeea? niiniae
aeei?enoaiiy oeeo yaeu. Cia/aiiy i?eeacie aeey ?icaeoeo iniaenoino?
iieyaa? ia eeoa a oiio, ui aiie aeathoue iaai? ciaiiy, a e o oiio, ui
aiie ?icaeaathoue ieneaiiy, i?ciaaaeuei? cae?aiino? ethaeeie,
aeiiiiaaathoue i?aaeeueii ioe?ithaaoe yaeua iaaeieeoiueiai na?oo.

AENIIAEE

1. Oe?a?inueea aoiieoeueoo?a ye eiie?aoii – ?noi?e/ia yaeua, nenoaia
ciaiue ? oe?iiinoae aieeaa? ia ye?ni? oa?aeoa?enoeee ina?oiuei-
aeoiaiiai i?ioeano.

2. Eiioeaiooaeueii, no?oeoo?ii, i?aai?caoe?eii o?einio?y oe?a?iiciaanoaa
iia’ycaia c? ci?noii ina?oe, i?i ui na?ae/eoue ?noi?eei-iaaeaaia?/iee
?ao?iniaeoeaiee aiae?c.

3. ?aae?caoe?y oe?eae aoiie?iaaiaeeaeaeoeee o ci?no? iaoe?iiaeueii?
ina?oe, noaaoe aacith oi?ioaaiiy iiai? iaoe?iiaeueii? nenoaie aeoiaaiiy,
ia? aeiyoeiao cia/ou?noue aeey oi?ioaaiiy iniaenoino?.

4. ??aaiue i?aeaioiaee niaoe?ae?no?a o aaeoc? ina?oe caeaaeeoue a?ae
a?oaeiaaiino? iaeaooi?o iaaeaaia?a, ?o ai?iiy iia’ycaoe ciaiiy c ?noi???
Oe?a?ie, iiaiciaanoaa c no/anieie oaiaeaioe?yie ?icaeoeo noni?euenoaa ?
aea?aeaae.

5. Aiae?c e?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/ieo eiioeaioe?e oe?a?inueeeo a/aieo a?aee?eaa?
iiaeeeaino? aeey ?icaeoeo aeui? iaaeaaia?/ii? oa o?eieia?/ii? ina?oe,
aeey oi?ioaaiiy iiaeo iiaeyae?a ia ci?no, iaoo, caniae ? iaoiaee
e?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/ii? iaoee ye nieaao ciaiue.

6. Aeoeaiooth/e oaaao neooa/?a ia ieoaiiyo i?i iaaeaaia?/i?, cie?aia
e?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/i?, aniaeoe aea/aiiy oe?a?inueeiai oieueeei?o ye nenoaie
aacia?a?aiiai iaoe?iiaeueii-iiaiiai aeoiaaiiy, ie iiiiaith?ii a?naiae
aeoiaieo oa aeeaeaeoe/ieo i?eeii?a iaeaooi?o a/eoae?a, a?aee?eaa?ii
iiaeeeaino? aeey naiiaaeineiiaeaiiy, aeey noai?aiiy ia oe?e iniia?
aeanii? iaaeaaia?/ii? nenoaie.

7. Aeey ?aae?caoe?? iiaeo oe?eae iaoe?iiaeueii-iiaiiai aeoiaaiiy o/i?a
oeiee aeoaea aaaeeeaith ianoaaeiith ? iayai?noue eaae??a, ina?oi?e
??aaiue oa iaaeaaia?/ia i?aeaioiaea yeeo aeicaieyoeia aoaeoeaii
i?aoethaaoe c ae?oueie. Nenoaia iaoe?iiaeueii-iiaiiai aeoiaaiiy,
noai?aia ia?iaeiith aeoieith ? a?aeoe?oiaaia aeina?aeii iieie?iue, ?
aeaea?aeii oe?a?inueei? aoiie?iaaiaeeaeaeoeee, yea caniaaie iiae aeoiao?
iaee?au? ii?aeuei? yeino? oa oi?io? ?ene iaoe?iiaeueii? iaioaeueiino?.
Aeey iaeaooi?o iaaeaaia?a aeoaea aaaeeeaei ? ona?aeiieaiiy oiai, ui ?o
aeeoo?aei iaia’yceii noaia iiaeaeueoa oi?ioaaiiy iaoe??.

Nienie iioae?eiaaieo i?aoeue caeiaoaa/a ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??.

1. Iaaeaaia?/i? aniaeoe i?iaeaie “iiaa ? iaoe?y // Ii/aoeiaa oeiea. —
1996.- ?8. — N.16-20.

2. E?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/i? oa ?noi?eei-iiaiciaa/? aeaea?aea nioe?ae?caoe??
iniaenoino? a oe?a?inuee?e aoiiiaaeaaia?oe? // Ia?iaeiciaa/? cioeoe. —
1998.- ?2.- N.201-206.

3. E?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/i? i?aeoiaee aei ooieoe?iiaeueii? noa?e oe?a?inueei?
iiae // Iaoea ? no/ani?noue: Ca-e iaoe. i?aoeue Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? I.I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa. -E.,1998. -N.
83-88.

4. Oe?a?inueeee oieueeei? ye e?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/ia iniiaa aea/aiiy ??aeii?
iiae // O?aaeeoe?? aeoiaaiiy o na?oia?e ia?iaei?e iaaeaaia?oe?:
Iaoa??aee iaoe.-i?aeo. eiio. (??aia , 6 — 8 /a?aiy 1995 ?.) — Ee?a —
??aia, 1995. — N.144-146.

5. Iiaia aeoiaaiiy ae?oae caniaaie ia?iaeii? iaaeaaia?ee // Oe?a?inueea
ia?iaeiciaanoai ? i?iaeaie aeoiaaiiy o/i?a: Iaoa??aee iaoe. — i?aeo.
eiio. (?aaii — O?aie?anuee, 10-12 aeiaoiy 1995 ?.) — ?aaii-O?aie?anuee,
1995.-N.113 — 116.

AIIOAOe??.

Niie?inueea I. ?. E?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/i? iniiae iaoe?iiaeueii-iiaiiai
aeoiaaiiy iniaenoino? caniaaie oe?a?inueeiai oieueeei?o. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaia?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 13.00.02. -oai??y oa iaoiaeeea iaa/aiiy
(oe?a?inueei? iiae). — Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?iai?
I.I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa, Ee?a, 1999.

O aeine?aeaeaii? ?icaeyaeathoueny ieoaiiy, iia’ycai? c ?aoi?ioaaiiyi
ci?noo aeui? iaaeaaia?/ii? oa o?eieia?/ii? ina?oe o iai?yi? iineeaiiy
aoiieoeueoo?iiai eiiiiiaioo i?aeaioiaee iaaeaaia?/ieo eaae??a. O
i?ia?ai? c iaoiaeeee aeeeaaeaiiy oe?a?inueei? iiae i?iiiio?oueny ci?no
?yaeo niaoeeo?n?a, a oiio /ene? c ?noi??? e?iaaiaeeaeaeoeee oa
aoiie?iaaiaeeaeaeoeee.

A aeena?oaoe?eiiio aeine?aeaeaii? i?iaiae?ciaaii ?noi??th a?o/eciyii?
e?iaaiaeeaeaeoeee o iiaii-iaoe?iiaeuei?e oaiaoeoe?; iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaii
aeioe?euei?noue aeei?enoaiiy cania?a oe?a?inueei? aoiiiaaeaaia?ee oa
cania?a aieeao iiae aeey iioei?caoe?? iaoe?iiaeueii-iiaiiai aeoiaaiiy
iniaenoino?; noai?aii eiioeaioe?th aeeeaaeaiiy e?iaaiaeeaeaeoeee a
ci?no? aeui? iaaeaaia?/ii? oa o?eieia?/ii? ina?oe.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: e?iaaiaeeaeaeoeea, aoiie?iaaiaeeaeaeoeea,
iaoe?iiaeueii-iiaia aeoiaaiiy, aoiieoeueoo?iee eiiiiiaio.

Niieeineay I.A. Eeiaaiaeeaeaeoe/aneea iniiau iaoeeiiaeueii-ycueiaiai
ainieoaiey ee/iinoe n?aaenoaaie oe?aeineiai oieueeei?a. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/?iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 13.00.02. — oai?ey e iaoiaeeea iao/aiey
(oe?aeineiai ycuea).- Iaoeeiiaeueiue iaaeaaiae/aneee oieaa?neoao eiaie
I.I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa, Eeaa, 1999.

A enneaaeiaaiee ?anniao?eaathony aii?inu, naycaiiua n ?aoi?ie?iaaieai
niaea?aeaiey aunoaai iaaeaaiae/aneiai e oeeieiae/aneiai ia?aciaaiey a
iai?aaeaiee oneeaiey aoiieoeueoo?iiai eiiiiiaioa iiaeaioiaee
iaaeaaiae/aneeo eaae?ia. I?aaeeaaaaony aaanoe a i?ia?aiiu ii iaoiaeeea
i?aiiaeaaaiey oe?aeineiai ycuea ?yae niaoeeo?nia, a oii /enea ii enoi?ee
ioa/anoaaiiie eeiaaiaeeaeaeoeee e yoiieeiaaiaeeaeaeoeee.

A aeenna?oaoeeiiiii enneaaeiaaiee aiaeece?oaony enoi?ey ioa/anoaaiiie
eeiaaiaeeaeaeoeee a ycueiai-iaoeeiiaeueiie oaiaoeea; iao/ii iainiiaaia
niia?aciinoue eniieueciaaiey n?aaenoa oe?aeineie yoiiiaaeaaiaeee e
n?aaenoa aeeyiey ycuea aeey iioeiecaoeee iaoeeiiaeueii-ycueiaiai
ainieoaiey ee/iinoe; nicaeaia eiioeaioeey i?aiiaeaaaiey
eeiaaiaeeaeaeoeee a niaea?aeaiee aunoaai iaaeaaiae/aneiai e
oeeieiae/aneiai ia?aciaaiey.

Iaoeeiiaeueii-ycueiaia ainieoaiea ee/iinoe – aeeeoaeueiue i?ioeann, a
iniiaa eioi?iai – niaa?oaiiia aeaaeaiea oe?aeineei ycueii eae n?aaenoaii
iauaiey, nicaeaiey iunee, iaoiaeii iiciaiey ie?oaeathuaai. Ooiaeaiaio
aeey oi?ie?iaaiey ycueiaie ee/iinoe n aunieei o?iaiai iaoeeiiaeueiiai
niciaiey caeeaaeuaaaoueny au? n ?aiiaai aeaonoaa, eiaaea aini?eyoea
yaeaiee ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu, a oii /enea e ?a/e, ia caoaiaiu iaee/iui
yiie?e/aneei aeeciaiiui iiuoii. Aaaeiui oaeoi?ii aeeyiey ia oi?ie?iaaiea
ee/iinoe yaeyaony iaee/ea e o?iaaiue noi?ie?iaaiinoe, ?acaeoinoe
ycueiaiai i?ino?ainoaa. Yoi neiaeiia iiiyoea, iii caeeth/aao a naaa ia
oieueei ciaiea e eniieueciaaiea ycuea n oeaeueth eiiioieeaoeee, ii e
yiaeieeiaaenoe/aneea iiiyoey: ycueiaoth iaiyoue,
ia?acii-ineoieiae/aneoth noa?o ?a/aaie aeayoaeueiinoe,
nioeeaeueii-oeceieiae/aneoth i?eiaaeeaaeiinoue e ii?aaeae?iiie a?oiia
iauaiey. A enneaaeiaaiee ia ia?aue ieai auianaiu enoi?eei-eoeueoo?iay
oeaiiinoue ycuea eae iaoeeiiauaaeeiythuaai yeaiaioa e i?ia?aiia
?aoi?ie?iaaiey iaaeaaiae/aneeo iiaeoiaeia e eco/aieth iaoiaeeee
i?aiiaeaaaiey oe?aeineiai ycuea n iiceoeee yoiieeiaaiaeeaeaeoeee,
enoi?e/aneeo aii?inia oe?aeineie eeiaaiaeeaeaeoeee. Aeaaiua auaiaeu
enneaaeiaaiey oaeiau.

Oe?aeineay yoiieoeueoo?a eae enoi?e/aneia yaeaiea, nenoaia ciaiee e
oeaiiinoae aeeyao ia ea/anoaaiiua oa?aeoa?enoeee o/aaii-ainieoaoaeueiiai
i?ioeanna. Ia yoii naeaeaoaeuenoaotho iinoiyiiua ia?auaiey oe?aeineeo
aeayoaeae eoeueoo?u e iaoee e yoiiiaaeaaiae/aneei enoi/ieeai, eioi?ua
iie (aeayoaee) aeaeaee a oieueeei?iuo ia?acoeao.

Eiioeaiooaeueii, no?oeoo?ii, i?aaiecaoeeiiii oeeinioey oe?aeiiaaaeaiey
naycaia n niaea?aeaieai ia?aciaaiey, ia yoii naeaeaoaeuenoaoao
enoi?eei-iaaeaaiae/aneee ?ao?iniaeoeaiue aiaeec, i?iaaae?iiue ai a?aiy
enneaaeiaaiey.

?aaeecaoeey oeaeae yoiieeiaaiaeeaeaeoeee a niaea?aeaiee iaoeeiiaeueiiai
ia?aciaaiey, noaa aacie oi?ie?iaaiey iiaie iaoeeiiaeueiie nenoaiu
ainieoaiey, eiaao eneeth/eoaeueiia cia/aiea aeey oi?ie?iaaiey o
iieiae?aee iieeoe/aneiai iuoeaiey.

O?iaaiue iiaeaioiaee niaoeeaeenoia a noa?a ia?aciaaiey caaeneoe io
y?oaee?iaaiiinoe aoaeoueo iaaeaaiaia, eo oiaiey naycaoue ciaiey ii
enoi?ee Oe?aeiu, ycueiciaieth n nia?aiaiiuie oaiaeaioeeyie ?acaeoey
iauanoaa e ainoaea?noaa.

Aiaeec eeiaaiaeeaeaeoe/aneeo eiioeaioeee oe?aeineeo o/aiuo ioe?uaaao
aiciiaeiinoe aeey ?acaeoey aunoaai iaaeaaiae/aneiai e oeeieiae/aneiai
ia?aciaaiey, aeey oi?ie?iaaiey iiauo acaeyaeia ia niaea?aeaiea, oeaeue,
n?aaenoaa e iaoiaeu eeiaaiaeeaeaeoe/aeie iaoee.

Aeoeaioe?oy aieiaiea nooaeaioia ia aii?inao i iaaeaaiae/aneeo, a
/anoiinoe eeiaaiaeeaeaeoe/aneeo, aniaeoao eco/aiey oe?aeineiai
oieueeei?a eae nenoaiu aani?a?uaiiai iaoeeiiaeueii-ycueiaiai ainieoaiey,
iu iiiieiyai a?naiae ainieoaoaeueiuo e aeeaeaeoe/aneeo i?e?iia aoaeoueo
o/eoaeae, ioe?uaaai aiciiaeiinoe aeey naiiniaa?oainoaiaaiey, aeey
nicaeaiey ia yoie iniiaa nianoaaiiie iaaeaaiae/aneie nenoaiu.

Aeey ?aaeecaoeee iiauo oeaeae iaoeeiiaeueii-ycueiaiai ainieoaiey
o/aueony i/aiue aaaeiui ianoiyoaeuenoaii yaeyaony iaee/ea eaae?ia,
ia?aciaaoaeueiue o?iaaiue e iaaeaaiae/aneay iiaeaioiaea eioi?uo iicaieeo
yooaeoeaii ?aaioaoue n aeaoueie.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: eeiaaiaeeaeaeoeea, yoiieeiaaiaeeaeaeoeea,
iaoeeiiaeueii-ycueiaia ainieoaiea, yoiieoeueoo?iue eiiiiiaio.

Smolins’ka O.Ye. Linguodidactical fundamentals of national language
upbringing of personality by means of Ukrainian folklore. — Manuscript.

Thesis for pedagogical science degree by speciality 13.00.02 — theory
and methodics of teaching (Ukrainian language). — National pedagogical
university named after M.Dragomanov, Kyiv, 1999.

In the research work the questions are considered concerning to
reforming of content of high pedagogical and philological education in
order to enhance the ethnocultural component of preparation of
pedagogical staff. The content of special courses in programme of
teaching’s methodics of Ukrainian language are proposed including
courses of history of linguodidactics and ethnodidactics.

In dissertation the history of Ukrainian linguodidactics is analyzed in
linguonational context. The relevance of usage of Ukrainian
ethnopedagogics’ means and means of influence for optimization of
national-linguistic upbringing of personality are scientifically
motivated. The concept of linguodidactics teaching in content of high
pedagogical and philological education is created.

Key words: linguodidactics, ethnolinguodidactics, national linguistic
upbringing, ethnocultural component.

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